Period
to 21 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 6 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 1,028 1,138 1,039
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 15.12% 16.03% 16.85%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.56% 30.13% 33.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 796 960 820
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% -1.42%
10th Percentile £331 £350 £313
90th Percentile £640 £675 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £493 £450
% change year-on-year +1.52% +9.44% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 7 3
City of London median hourly rate £37.09 £21.50 £19.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +72.51% +7.93% -10.47%
Central London median hourly rate £37.09 £24.75 £19.92
% change year-on-year +49.86% +24.25% -10.47%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,600 3,777 3,090
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 52.93% 53.21% 50.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,975 3,215 2,596
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.69% +2.63%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £700 £663
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 14 8
City of London median hourly rate £37.09 £21.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +72.51% -21.82% -1.72%
10th Percentile £18.32 £17.50 £16.90
90th Percentile £39.64 £61.73 £50.31
Central London median hourly rate £37.09 £21.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year +72.51% -21.82% -1.72%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -20 36 £550 +33.33%
Moorgate -16 4 - -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 354 (34.44%) Finance
2 332 (32.30%) Agile Software Development
3 284 (27.63%) SQL Server
4 235 (22.86%) C#
5 221 (21.50%) Microsoft Azure
6 201 (19.55%) .NET
7 189 (18.39%) Microsoft
8 183 (17.80%) Java
9 166 (16.15%) Data Warehouse
10 165 (16.05%) Business Intelligence
11 157 (15.27%) Python
12 156 (15.18%) Analytics
13 147 (14.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 140 (13.62%) JavaScript
14 140 (13.62%) Banking
15 135 (13.13%) ETL
16 120 (11.67%) T-SQL
17 116 (11.28%) Amazon AWS
18 112 (10.89%) Data Modelling
19 111 (10.80%) Oracle
19 111 (10.80%) TDD
20 104 (10.12%) Microservices
21 102 (9.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
21 102 (9.92%) Test Automation
22 100 (9.73%) Big Data
23 96 (9.34%) Analytical Skills
24 93 (9.05%) Data Science
24 93 (9.05%) Git (software)
25 92 (8.95%) Linux
26 91 (8.85%) Microsoft Excel

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (7.20%) Apache Spark
2 29 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
3 28 (2.72%) SharePoint
4 26 (2.53%) Confluence
5 19 (1.85%) Apache
5 19 (1.85%) IIS
6 18 (1.75%) SAS
7 17 (1.65%) IPython
8 11 (1.07%) WebSphere
9 10 (0.97%) Tomcat
10 9 (0.88%) CMS
10 9 (0.88%) WebLogic
11 8 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
12 7 (0.68%) JBoss
13 6 (0.58%) MS Exchange
14 5 (0.49%) Exchange Server 2013
14 5 (0.49%) NServiceBus
14 5 (0.49%) Oracle Workflow
14 5 (0.49%) Skype for Business
15 4 (0.39%) nginx
Applications
1 91 (8.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (2.72%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (1.95%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.78%) Spreadsheet
5 6 (0.58%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.097%) SPSS
7 1 (0.097%) Stata
7 1 (0.097%) Weka
Business Applications
1 15 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.78%) Markit EDM
2 8 (0.78%) Oracle EBS
3 6 (0.58%) Oracle Financials
4 5 (0.49%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.39%) SAP ERP
5 4 (0.39%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
6 3 (0.29%) Oracle Retail
7 2 (0.19%) Actimize
7 2 (0.19%) Decalog
7 2 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
7 2 (0.19%) Elite 3E
7 2 (0.19%) Endur
7 2 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
7 2 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
7 2 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
7 2 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 221 (21.50%) Microsoft Azure
2 116 (11.28%) Amazon AWS
3 41 (3.99%) Google Cloud Platform
4 37 (3.60%) Serverless
5 31 (3.02%) PaaS
6 30 (2.92%) Office 365
7 22 (2.14%) Dynamics 365
8 20 (1.95%) IaaS
9 15 (1.46%) Azure Active Directory
10 14 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
11 12 (1.17%) Azure Data Factory
12 10 (0.97%) Datadog
13 9 (0.88%) Amazon EC2
13 9 (0.88%) GitHub
14 8 (0.78%) Apigee
14 8 (0.78%) Azure Functions
15 6 (0.58%) Amazon EMR
15 6 (0.58%) Amazon S3
15 6 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
15 6 (0.58%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.24%) DNS
2 21 (2.04%) HTTP
3 12 (1.17%) Firewall
4 10 (0.97%) SAN
4 10 (0.97%) TCP/IP
5 9 (0.88%) Skype
6 8 (0.78%) PuTTY
7 7 (0.68%) VPN
7 7 (0.68%) Wireshark
8 6 (0.58%) Fibre Channel
8 6 (0.58%) Internet
8 6 (0.58%) iSCSI
9 5 (0.49%) Cisco ASA
9 5 (0.49%) DHCP
10 4 (0.39%) LAN
10 4 (0.39%) SSL
10 4 (0.39%) WAN
11 3 (0.29%) FTP
11 3 (0.29%) Wireless
11 3 (0.29%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 284 (27.63%) SQL Server
2 166 (16.15%) Data Warehouse
3 147 (14.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 102 (9.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 100 (9.73%) Big Data
6 89 (8.66%) NoSQL
7 82 (7.98%) Power BI
8 70 (6.81%) Hadoop
8 70 (6.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 57 (5.54%) Relational Database
10 55 (5.35%) Azure SQL Database
11 46 (4.47%) OLAP
11 46 (4.47%) Star Schema
12 43 (4.18%) Apache Hive
13 42 (4.09%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
14 36 (3.50%) MySQL
15 35 (3.40%) MongoDB
15 35 (3.40%) OLAP Cube
16 34 (3.31%) Data Lake
17 31 (3.02%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 93 (9.05%) Git (software)
2 66 (6.42%) Jenkins
3 65 (6.32%) JIRA
4 51 (4.96%) Team Foundation Server
5 48 (4.67%) Visual Studio
6 33 (3.21%) Selenium
7 27 (2.63%) Visual Studio Team System
8 26 (2.53%) TeamCity
9 23 (2.24%) Subversion
10 18 (1.75%) Maven
11 15 (1.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 15 (1.46%) Octopus Deploy
12 14 (1.36%) JUnit
13 13 (1.26%) Gradle
14 12 (1.17%) Cucumber
14 12 (1.17%) HP UFT
14 12 (1.17%) SpecFlow
15 11 (1.07%) SoapUI
16 9 (0.88%) JMeter
17 8 (0.78%) Hudson
General
1 354 (34.44%) Finance
2 140 (13.62%) Banking
3 52 (5.06%) Front Office
4 34 (3.31%) Investment Banking
5 33 (3.21%) Retail
6 23 (2.24%) Marketing
7 15 (1.46%) Financial Institution
8 13 (1.26%) Retail Banking
9 12 (1.17%) Back Office
10 11 (1.07%) Billing
11 9 (0.88%) Advertising
12 7 (0.68%) Telecoms
13 6 (0.58%) Law
14 5 (0.49%) Legal
15 4 (0.39%) General Ledger
15 4 (0.39%) Publishing
16 2 (0.19%) French Language
16 2 (0.19%) International Banking
16 2 (0.19%) Manufacturing
16 2 (0.19%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 530 (51.56%) Developer
2 142 (13.81%) Analyst
3 106 (10.31%) SQL Developer
4 105 (10.21%) .NET Developer
5 86 (8.37%) Java Developer
6 68 (6.61%) Data Engineer
7 59 (5.74%) C# Developer
8 58 (5.64%) Senior Developer
9 57 (5.54%) Business Intelligence Developer
10 48 (4.67%) Python Developer
11 37 (3.60%) Architect
11 37 (3.60%) Data Analyst
11 37 (3.60%) Hadoop Engineer
12 36 (3.50%) Business Analyst
13 31 (3.02%) Azure Developer
13 31 (3.02%) Consultant
14 29 (2.82%) SQL Analyst
15 27 (2.63%) C# .NET Developer
16 25 (2.43%) DBA
16 25 (2.43%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 201 (19.55%) .NET
2 81 (7.88%) HTML
3 74 (7.20%) AngularJS
4 66 (6.42%) .NET Framework
4 66 (6.42%) Kafka
5 63 (6.13%) XML
6 62 (6.03%) CSS
7 57 (5.54%) ASP.NET
7 57 (5.54%) REST
7 57 (5.54%) Spring
8 54 (5.25%) React
9 52 (5.06%) Entity Framework
10 43 (4.18%) ASP.NET Web API
11 42 (4.09%) JSON
12 38 (3.70%) .NET Core
13 36 (3.50%) jQuery
13 36 (3.50%) Web Services
14 35 (3.40%) RESTful
15 34 (3.31%) ASP.NET MVC
15 34 (3.31%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 96 (9.34%) Analytical Skills
2 79 (7.68%) Greenfield Project
3 65 (6.32%) Fintech
4 61 (5.93%) Data Structures
5 52 (5.06%) Algorithms
6 37 (3.60%) Fixed Income
7 30 (2.92%) Hedge funds
7 30 (2.92%) Self-Motivation
8 27 (2.63%) Reinsurance
9 21 (2.04%) Client/Server
10 20 (1.95%) Equities
11 15 (1.46%) User Experience
12 14 (1.36%) Derivative
13 13 (1.26%) Cloud Native
14 12 (1.17%) Replication
15 11 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
15 11 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 11 (1.07%) Management Information System
15 11 (1.07%) Tandem
16 10 (0.97%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 92 (8.95%) Linux
2 83 (8.07%) Windows
3 48 (4.67%) Unix
4 39 (3.79%) Windows Server
5 16 (1.56%) Windows 7
5 16 (1.56%) Windows Server 2008
6 10 (0.97%) Windows 10
7 8 (0.78%) Mac OS
7 8 (0.78%) Windows Server 2012
8 7 (0.68%) Windows 8
9 4 (0.39%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.39%) Windows Server 2003
10 2 (0.19%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.19%) Solaris
10 2 (0.19%) Ubuntu
11 1 (0.097%) Android
11 1 (0.097%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 332 (32.30%) Agile Software Development
2 165 (16.05%) Business Intelligence
3 156 (15.18%) Analytics
4 135 (13.13%) ETL
5 112 (10.89%) Data Modelling
6 111 (10.80%) TDD
7 104 (10.12%) Microservices
8 102 (9.92%) Test Automation
9 93 (9.05%) Data Science
10 91 (8.85%) DevOps
11 86 (8.37%) Problem-Solving
11 86 (8.37%) Scrum
12 81 (7.88%) Continuous Integration
13 73 (7.10%) OO
14 70 (6.81%) Machine Learning
15 65 (6.32%) Asset Management
15 65 (6.32%) MVC
16 60 (5.84%) SDLC
17 56 (5.45%) Data Analysis
18 55 (5.35%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 235 (22.86%) C#
2 183 (17.80%) Java
3 157 (15.27%) Python
4 140 (13.62%) JavaScript
5 120 (11.67%) T-SQL
6 67 (6.52%) PowerShell
7 62 (6.03%) VBA
8 46 (4.47%) PL/SQL
9 31 (3.02%) Bash Shell
9 31 (3.02%) C++
9 31 (3.02%) Shell Script
10 30 (2.92%) R
11 27 (2.63%) Java 8
11 27 (2.63%) Scala
12 25 (2.43%) Perl
13 18 (1.75%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
14 17 (1.65%) Cython
15 15 (1.46%) Go
15 15 (1.46%) PHP
16 13 (1.26%) C
Qualifications
1 78 (7.59%) Degree
2 23 (2.24%) Security Cleared
3 19 (1.85%) SC Cleared
4 12 (1.17%) Microsoft Certification
5 10 (0.97%) Master's Degree
6 9 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (0.78%) ISTQB
8 7 (0.68%) ACCA
8 7 (0.68%) ITIL Certification
8 7 (0.68%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.49%) ISEB
10 4 (0.39%) CCNA
10 4 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.39%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 4 (0.39%) PhD
11 3 (0.29%) MCSA
11 3 (0.29%) Postgraduate
12 2 (0.19%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.19%) DV Cleared
13 1 (0.097%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (6.61%) Data Quality
2 49 (4.77%) QA
3 5 (0.49%) MiFID
3 5 (0.49%) Solvency II
4 2 (0.19%) GDPR
4 2 (0.19%) IFRS
4 2 (0.19%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.19%) SLA
5 1 (0.097%) Basel III
5 1 (0.097%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (0.097%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 1 (0.097%) EMIR
5 1 (0.097%) ISO 22301
5 1 (0.097%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 88 (8.56%) Docker
2 49 (4.77%) Active Directory
3 26 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (1.07%) Oracle RAC
5 10 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.78%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.68%) BitLocker
8 4 (0.39%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.39%) etcd
8 4 (0.39%) XenApp
9 3 (0.29%) HDFS
10 2 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 2 (0.19%) Ceph
10 2 (0.19%) flannel
10 2 (0.19%) GlusterFS
10 2 (0.19%) SkyDNS
10 2 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.19%) vSphere
11 1 (0.097%) Varnish
11 1 (0.097%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 49 (4.77%) Kubernetes
2 35 (3.40%) Oozie
3 24 (2.33%) SCCM
4 22 (2.14%) Ansible
5 21 (2.04%) Terraform
6 15 (1.46%) Puppet
7 13 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
8 9 (0.88%) Kibana
9 8 (0.78%) AirWatch
10 7 (0.68%) Istio
10 7 (0.68%) Jamf Pro
10 7 (0.68%) Microsoft Clustering
10 7 (0.68%) SCOM
11 5 (0.49%) Failover Clustering
11 5 (0.49%) HP ALM
11 5 (0.49%) SCOrch
12 4 (0.39%) logstash
12 4 (0.39%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.39%) rkt
12 4 (0.39%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
Vendors
1 189 (18.39%) Microsoft
2 111 (10.80%) Oracle
3 60 (5.84%) Tableau
4 41 (3.99%) Google
5 38 (3.70%) VMware
6 16 (1.56%) Cisco
7 15 (1.46%) ServiceNow
8 14 (1.36%) Sybase
9 13 (1.26%) IBM
9 13 (1.26%) Salesforce.com
9 13 (1.26%) SAP
10 12 (1.17%) Citrix
10 12 (1.17%) HP
10 12 (1.17%) iManage
11 11 (1.07%) Charles River
11 11 (1.07%) Talend
12 10 (0.97%) Bloomberg
12 10 (0.97%) Dell
12 10 (0.97%) SolarWinds
12 10 (0.97%) Splunk