The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 3 months to 29 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
London > City of London
3 months to
29 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 7 7 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1  
Contract jobs citing SQL 567 547 1033
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.35% 16.37% 17.71%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.99% 33.68% 41.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 427 452 852
City of London median daily rate £495 £450 £454
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% -0.82%  
10th Percentile £335 £300 £305
90th Percentile £638 £650 £625
London median daily rate £475 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.55% +2.85%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 3
City of London median hourly rate £11.00 - £30.00
10th Percentile £10.50 - £22.04
90th Percentile £11.50 - £40.59
London median hourly rate £22.56 £41.75 £21.94
% change year-on-year -45.96% +90.33%  

SQL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
City of London
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 1668 1624 2514
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London 51.04% 48.59% 43.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 2544 2848 3917
City of London median daily rate £513 £475 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% +1.06%  
10th Percentile £363 £313 £310
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.55%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 32
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £53.00 £24.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -59.43% +118.73%  
10th Percentile £15.63 £18.50 £18.27
90th Percentile £32.63 £85.00 £54.00
London median hourly rate £32.50 £40.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year -18.75% +33.33%  

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 3 months to 29 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

For the 6 months to 29 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 420 (40.66%) Finance
2 304 (29.43%) Agile Software Development
3 266 (25.75%) C#
4 265 (25.65%) SQL Server
5 227 (21.97%) Banking
6 219 (21.20%) .NET
7 216 (20.91%) Java
8 191 (18.49%) Oracle
9 170 (16.46%) Microsoft
10 147 (14.23%) JavaScript
11 131 (12.68%) Business Intelligence
12 130 (12.58%) Linux
13 126 (12.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 122 (11.81%) Data Warehouse
15 120 (11.62%) MVC
16 119 (11.52%) T-SQL
17 117 (11.33%) HTML
17 117 (11.33%) AngularJS
18 115 (11.13%) JIRA
19 113 (10.94%) TDD
20 109 (10.55%) CSS
21 108 (10.45%) Data Modelling
21 108 (10.45%) Python
22 105 (10.16%) ETL
22 105 (10.16%) Unix
23 104 (10.07%) Front Office
24 102 (9.87%) Windows
25 95 (9.20%) Analytical Skills
26 92 (8.91%) XML
27 91 (8.81%) ASP.NET

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (3.19%) Confluence
2 31 (3.00%) Apache Spark
3 29 (2.81%) IIS
4 28 (2.71%) SAS
4 28 (2.71%) SharePoint
5 25 (2.42%) Apache
6 21 (2.03%) JBoss
6 21 (2.03%) Tomcat
7 14 (1.36%) WebSphere
8 11 (1.06%) WebLogic
9 10 (0.97%) CMS
10 8 (0.77%) Mule
11 7 (0.68%) MS Exchange
12 5 (0.48%) Apache Pig
12 5 (0.48%) Apache Solr
12 5 (0.48%) Elasticsearch
13 4 (0.39%) EPiServer
13 4 (0.39%) Jupyter
13 4 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.39%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 80 (7.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (3.19%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (1.45%) MS Visio
4 8 (0.77%) Spreadsheet
5 7 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 5 (0.48%) SPSS
6 5 (0.48%) Stata
7 3 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.097%) HipChat
8 1 (0.097%) Weka
Business Applications
1 17 (1.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.77%) Global One
3 7 (0.68%) SimCorp Dimension
4 6 (0.58%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 6 (0.58%) Temenos T24
5 5 (0.48%) ION MarketView
5 5 (0.48%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.39%) Eloqua
7 3 (0.29%) FastStats
7 3 (0.29%) Minerva
7 3 (0.29%) Oracle EBS R12
7 3 (0.29%) SunGard GMI
7 3 (0.29%) thinkFolio
8 2 (0.19%) Cognos Business Intelligence
8 2 (0.19%) Markit EDM
8 2 (0.19%) Oracle FAH
8 2 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
8 2 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.19%) RMDS
8 2 (0.19%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 64 (6.20%) Microsoft Azure
2 57 (5.52%) Amazon AWS
3 9 (0.87%) Cloud Computing
3 9 (0.87%) GitHub
4 8 (0.77%) IaaS
4 8 (0.77%) Office 365
5 7 (0.68%) Slack
6 6 (0.58%) PaaS
7 5 (0.48%) Google Analytics
8 4 (0.39%) Azure Active Directory
8 4 (0.39%) Google Cloud Platform
8 4 (0.39%) TestFlight
9 3 (0.29%) SaaS
9 3 (0.29%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 2 (0.19%) Adobe Analytics
10 2 (0.19%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (0.19%) Azure Machine Learning
10 2 (0.19%) Taleo
11 1 (0.097%) AdWords
11 1 (0.097%) Bluemix
Communications & Networking
1 32 (3.10%) Firewall
2 26 (2.52%) HTTP
3 18 (1.74%) TCP/IP
4 15 (1.45%) DNS
5 14 (1.36%) Internet
6 11 (1.06%) FTP
6 11 (1.06%) LDAP
7 7 (0.68%) DHCP
7 7 (0.68%) SSL
8 6 (0.58%) LAN
8 6 (0.58%) SAN
8 6 (0.58%) SNMP
8 6 (0.58%) VPN
9 4 (0.39%) IPsec
9 4 (0.39%) WAN
10 3 (0.29%) Cisco ASA
10 3 (0.29%) Intranet
10 3 (0.29%) MPLS
10 3 (0.29%) SMTP
10 3 (0.29%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 265 (25.65%) SQL Server
2 126 (12.20%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 122 (11.81%) Data Warehouse
4 83 (8.03%) Relational Database
4 83 (8.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 70 (6.78%) NoSQL
6 65 (6.29%) Big Data
7 55 (5.32%) Hadoop
8 49 (4.74%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 43 (4.16%) Oracle Database
10 39 (3.78%) MySQL
10 39 (3.78%) SQL Server 2008
11 38 (3.68%) SQL Server 2012
12 35 (3.39%) RDBMS
13 34 (3.29%) BusinessObjects
14 33 (3.19%) MongoDB
15 31 (3.00%) Power BI
16 27 (2.61%) QlikView
17 23 (2.23%) DB2
18 21 (2.03%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 115 (11.13%) JIRA
2 70 (6.78%) Git (software)
3 62 (6.00%) Selenium
4 55 (5.32%) Jenkins
5 53 (5.13%) Team Foundation Server
6 36 (3.48%) Visual Studio
7 34 (3.29%) JUnit
8 29 (2.81%) JIRA Agile
9 28 (2.71%) NUnit
10 27 (2.61%) Maven
11 26 (2.52%) Subversion
11 26 (2.52%) TeamCity
12 22 (2.13%) Cucumber
12 22 (2.13%) SpecFlow
13 17 (1.65%) Moq
14 15 (1.45%) Bitbucket
14 15 (1.45%) Mockito
15 13 (1.26%) MSTest
15 13 (1.26%) Talend Open Studio
16 12 (1.16%) Eclipse
General
1 420 (40.66%) Finance
2 227 (21.97%) Banking
3 104 (10.07%) Front Office
4 83 (8.03%) Investment Banking
5 71 (6.87%) Retail
6 35 (3.39%) Marketing
7 27 (2.61%) Financial Institution
8 22 (2.13%) Back Office
9 19 (1.84%) Advertising
9 19 (1.84%) Telecoms
10 18 (1.74%) Legal
11 14 (1.36%) Retail Banking
12 9 (0.87%) Games
13 8 (0.77%) Law
14 6 (0.58%) Electronics
14 6 (0.58%) Manufacturing
15 5 (0.48%) Publishing
16 4 (0.39%) Digital Economy
16 4 (0.39%) International Banking
17 3 (0.29%) Japanese Language
Job Titles
1 539 (52.18%) Developer
2 265 (25.65%) Analyst
3 121 (11.71%) SQL Developer
4 114 (11.04%) Java Developer
5 106 (10.26%) Senior Developer
6 101 (9.78%) C# Developer
7 82 (7.94%) .NET Developer
8 72 (6.97%) SQL Analyst
9 68 (6.58%) Data Analyst
10 56 (5.42%) Angular Developer
11 50 (4.84%) Business Analyst
12 47 (4.55%) C# .NET Developer
13 38 (3.68%) Architect
14 37 (3.58%) Senior C# Developer
15 34 (3.29%) Analyst Developer
15 34 (3.29%) Full Stack Developer
15 34 (3.29%) Test Analyst
16 30 (2.90%) Senior Java Developer
17 28 (2.71%) Consultant
18 26 (2.52%) Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 219 (21.20%) .NET
2 117 (11.33%) AngularJS
2 117 (11.33%) HTML
3 109 (10.55%) CSS
4 92 (8.91%) XML
5 91 (8.81%) ASP.NET
6 62 (6.00%) Spring
7 60 (5.81%) Web Services
8 57 (5.52%) ASP.NET MVC
9 56 (5.42%) WCF
10 54 (5.23%) REST
11 49 (4.74%) React
12 48 (4.65%) jQuery
13 44 (4.26%) .NET Framework
14 42 (4.07%) ASP.NET Web API
14 42 (4.07%) Node.js
15 41 (3.97%) JSON
15 41 (3.97%) WPF
16 37 (3.58%) ASP.NET MVC 5
16 37 (3.58%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 95 (9.20%) Analytical Skills
2 57 (5.52%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 53 (5.13%) Equities
4 51 (4.94%) Greenfield Project
5 49 (4.74%) Fixed Income
6 38 (3.68%) Management Information System
7 37 (3.58%) Data Structures
8 34 (3.29%) Fintech
9 33 (3.19%) Algorithms
9 33 (3.19%) Derivative
10 32 (3.10%) Computer Science
11 31 (3.00%) Hedge funds
12 24 (2.32%) Credit Risk
13 22 (2.13%) User Experience
14 19 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
15 18 (1.74%) Market Risk
16 16 (1.55%) NHS
17 13 (1.26%) Reinsurance
17 13 (1.26%) TWAP
17 13 (1.26%) VWAP
Operating Systems
1 130 (12.58%) Linux
2 105 (10.16%) Unix
3 102 (9.87%) Windows
4 24 (2.32%) Windows Server
5 9 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 9 (0.87%) Solaris
6 8 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
7 5 (0.48%) Apple iOS
7 5 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
8 4 (0.39%) AIX
8 4 (0.39%) Android
8 4 (0.39%) Windows 10
8 4 (0.39%) Windows Server 2003
9 2 (0.19%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.19%) SUSE
9 2 (0.19%) Windows 8
9 2 (0.19%) Windows XP
10 1 (0.097%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 1 (0.097%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.097%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 304 (29.43%) Agile Software Development
2 131 (12.68%) Business Intelligence
3 120 (11.62%) MVC
4 113 (10.94%) TDD
5 108 (10.45%) Data Modelling
6 105 (10.16%) ETL
7 88 (8.52%) Analytics
7 88 (8.52%) Data Analysis
8 83 (8.03%) Test Automation
9 82 (7.94%) Scrum
10 79 (7.65%) SDLC
11 72 (6.97%) OO
12 70 (6.78%) Multithreading
13 67 (6.49%) Unit Testing
14 60 (5.81%) Stakeholder Management
15 59 (5.71%) Data Management
16 50 (4.84%) Kanban
17 48 (4.65%) DevOps
17 48 (4.65%) Workflow
18 47 (4.55%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 266 (25.75%) C#
2 216 (20.91%) Java
3 147 (14.23%) JavaScript
4 119 (11.52%) T-SQL
5 108 (10.45%) Python
6 81 (7.84%) PL/SQL
7 51 (4.94%) R
8 45 (4.36%) VBA
9 43 (4.16%) Shell Script
10 40 (3.87%) C++
11 38 (3.68%) PowerShell
12 27 (2.61%) Bash Shell
13 24 (2.32%) Perl
13 24 (2.32%) Scala
14 23 (2.23%) VB
15 22 (2.13%) Ruby
16 17 (1.65%) C
17 10 (0.97%) TypeScript
17 10 (0.97%) VB.NET
18 9 (0.87%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 71 (6.87%) Degree
2 21 (2.03%) Security Cleared
3 13 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
4 11 (1.06%) SC Cleared
5 9 (0.87%) Numerate Degree
6 8 (0.77%) DV Cleared
6 8 (0.77%) ISTQB
7 7 (0.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 7 (0.68%) Siebel Certification
8 6 (0.58%) CFA
9 5 (0.48%) ISEB
9 5 (0.48%) PhD
10 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.39%) PMP
11 3 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (0.29%) Master's Degree
11 3 (0.29%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.29%) Postgraduate
12 2 (0.19%) MCP
13 1 (0.097%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (4.55%) Data Quality
2 41 (3.97%) QA
3 28 (2.71%) MiFID
4 16 (1.55%) EMIR
5 11 (1.06%) Dodd-Frank
6 7 (0.68%) GDPR
6 7 (0.68%) Solvency II
7 4 (0.39%) PCI DSS
7 4 (0.39%) SEPA
8 3 (0.29%) IFRS
8 3 (0.29%) IFRS 9
9 2 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 2 (0.19%) SLA
10 1 (0.097%) HL7
10 1 (0.097%) ISAE 3402
10 1 (0.097%) ISO 20022
10 1 (0.097%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.097%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.097%) WCAG
System Software
1 25 (2.42%) Active Directory
2 14 (1.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (1.06%) Docker
4 10 (0.97%) Oracle RAC
5 7 (0.68%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.48%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 5 (0.48%) XenDesktop
7 4 (0.39%) BitLocker
7 4 (0.39%) Terminal Services
8 3 (0.29%) Firmware
8 3 (0.29%) vSphere
8 3 (0.29%) XenApp
9 2 (0.19%) HDFS
9 2 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.19%) XenServer
10 1 (0.097%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.097%) GridGain
10 1 (0.097%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 10 (0.97%) Control-M
2 9 (0.87%) Puppet
3 7 (0.68%) Nagios
4 6 (0.58%) Opscode Chef
4 6 (0.58%) Tivoli
5 5 (0.48%) Ansible
5 5 (0.48%) Graphite
5 5 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
6 4 (0.39%) Data Guard
6 4 (0.39%) HAProxy
6 4 (0.39%) logstash
6 4 (0.39%) Oozie
6 4 (0.39%) Oracle RMAN
6 4 (0.39%) SCCM
7 3 (0.29%) Backup Exec
7 3 (0.29%) Dollar Universe
8 2 (0.19%) MOM
8 2 (0.19%) NetBackup
8 2 (0.19%) SCOM
8 2 (0.19%) WSUS
Vendors
1 191 (18.49%) Oracle
2 170 (16.46%) Microsoft
3 50 (4.84%) Sybase
4 45 (4.36%) Tableau
5 22 (2.13%) IBM
5 22 (2.13%) VMware
6 19 (1.84%) SAP
7 17 (1.65%) Teradata
8 14 (1.36%) Bloomberg
8 14 (1.36%) Google
8 14 (1.36%) HP
8 14 (1.36%) Informatica
9 13 (1.26%) Talend
10 12 (1.16%) Netezza
10 12 (1.16%) SimCorp
11 11 (1.06%) Splunk
12 10 (0.97%) Calypso
12 10 (0.97%) Cisco
12 10 (0.97%) Murex
12 10 (0.97%) ServiceNow
City, London
I3
Rate: £440 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
City, London
I3
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Intec Select
Rate: From £150 to £170 per annum £150 - 170 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
ComputAppoint
Rate: £400 - £445 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Canary Wharf and City
Rate: Up to £800 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Tech Associates
Rate: From £400 to £600 per day TBC
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
Ebury
Rate: £20.00 - £23.00 per hour
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Spring Technology
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Spring Technology
Posted: 1 hour ago
City, London
I.T. Skillfinder
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Cititec
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City of London
TDA Group
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 7 days ago
City, London
Canary Wharf and City
Rate: £600 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
TDA Group
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 7 days ago
City, London
I3
Rate: £499 - £500 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
ComputAppoint
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
LA International
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Deerfoot IT Resources Ltd
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Haysfm
Rate: £400.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £350 - £375 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Crimson Ltd
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
PBIT Consultants
Rate: From £450 to £500 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
City of London
Hays London City Cheapside
Rate: £495.00 - £525.00 per day
Posted: 7 days ago
City, London
Paw Associates Ltd
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Canary Wharf and City
Rate: Up to £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday