Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 7 5 6
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 1137 1197 1704
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 16.06% 17.84% 18.43%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.56% 35.28% 39.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 936 974 1388
City of London median daily rate £515 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +14.44% - -
10th Percentile £363 £313 £308
90th Percentile £675 £625 £625
Central London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 3 8
City of London median hourly rate £22.99 £19.92 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.42% -20.32% +11.11%
10th Percentile £13.35 £16.70 £16.85
90th Percentile £33.75 £50.06 £39.72
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £19.92 £25.00
% change year-on-year +7.93% -20.32% +16.28%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3720 3393 4306
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 52.54% 50.57% 46.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 3090 2857 3611
City of London median daily rate £525 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £650 £663
Central London median daily rate £513 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +7.89% - +6.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 10 20
City of London median hourly rate £22.99 £27.50 £26.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.39% +5.42% +30.43%
10th Percentile £15.12 £16.06 £15.69
90th Percentile £39.10 £55.19 £43.29
Central London median hourly rate £24.49 £27.50 £26.09
% change year-on-year -10.96% +5.42% +30.43%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -3 2 - -
Moorgate -4 2 £575 +69.12%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 438 (38.52%) Finance
2 355 (31.22%) Agile Software Development
3 305 (26.82%) SQL Server
4 299 (26.30%) C#
5 292 (25.68%) Java
6 266 (23.39%) Banking
7 255 (22.43%) .NET
8 184 (16.18%) JavaScript
9 180 (15.83%) Microsoft
10 171 (15.04%) Oracle
11 163 (14.34%) Business Intelligence
12 153 (13.46%) Front Office
13 150 (13.19%) T-SQL
14 135 (11.87%) HTML
15 134 (11.79%) Data Warehouse
16 132 (11.61%) AngularJS
17 125 (10.99%) TDD
18 123 (10.82%) Relational Database
19 118 (10.38%) ETL
20 117 (10.29%) MVC
21 114 (10.03%) Linux
22 110 (9.67%) Data Modelling
22 110 (9.67%) SDLC
23 105 (9.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 101 (8.88%) Python
25 99 (8.71%) XML
25 99 (8.71%) Analytical Skills
26 98 (8.62%) Investment Banking
27 97 (8.53%) CSS
28 96 (8.44%) Unix

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (4.66%) Apache Spark
2 23 (2.02%) SharePoint
3 21 (1.85%) Confluence
4 20 (1.76%) Apache
4 20 (1.76%) IIS
5 16 (1.41%) Tomcat
6 15 (1.32%) SAS
7 14 (1.23%) JBoss
8 12 (1.06%) Elasticsearch
9 7 (0.62%) CMS
9 7 (0.62%) WebSphere
9 7 (0.62%) WildFly
10 6 (0.53%) MS Exchange
10 6 (0.53%) Skype for Business
11 4 (0.35%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.26%) Jupyter
12 3 (0.26%) Oracle Coherence
12 3 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.26%) Umbraco
12 3 (0.26%) WebLogic
Applications
1 82 (7.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 30 (2.64%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.97%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.35%) SPSS
6 2 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.18%) Weka
7 1 (0.088%) Mingle
7 1 (0.088%) Stata
Business Applications
1 37 (3.25%) Dynamics CRM
2 25 (2.20%) Markit EDM
3 11 (0.97%) Kondor
4 8 (0.70%) Temenos T24
5 6 (0.53%) Eagle PACE
6 5 (0.44%) Actimize
6 5 (0.44%) Global One
6 5 (0.44%) ION MarketView
6 5 (0.44%) Oracle Cash Management
7 4 (0.35%) BusinessWorks
7 4 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.26%) Oracle Assets
8 3 (0.26%) Oracle E-Business Tax
8 3 (0.26%) Oracle Payables
8 3 (0.26%) WebTrends
9 2 (0.18%) Eloqua
9 2 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
9 2 (0.18%) Summit
9 2 (0.18%) SunGard GMI
Cloud Services
1 88 (7.74%) Microsoft Azure
2 80 (7.04%) Amazon AWS
3 15 (1.32%) PaaS
4 11 (0.97%) IaaS
4 11 (0.97%) Office 365
5 10 (0.88%) GitHub
6 8 (0.70%) SaaS
7 7 (0.62%) Google Cloud Platform
7 7 (0.62%) npm
8 6 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
9 5 (0.44%) Amazon S3
9 5 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
9 5 (0.44%) Dynamics 365
9 5 (0.44%) Google Analytics
9 5 (0.44%) Google Play
10 4 (0.35%) Amazon Kinesis
10 4 (0.35%) Force.com
11 3 (0.26%) Amazon SQS
11 3 (0.26%) Google Tag Manager
11 3 (0.26%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 22 (1.93%) HTTP
2 17 (1.50%) Firewall
2 17 (1.50%) TCP/IP
3 14 (1.23%) LAN
4 11 (0.97%) WAN
5 10 (0.88%) VPN
6 8 (0.70%) DNS
6 8 (0.70%) Network Security
7 7 (0.62%) Internet
7 7 (0.62%) LDAP
8 6 (0.53%) FTP
8 6 (0.53%) NAS
8 6 (0.53%) SAN
8 6 (0.53%) Skype
9 5 (0.44%) NetScaler
9 5 (0.44%) SMTP
9 5 (0.44%) SSL
10 4 (0.35%) MPLS
10 4 (0.35%) SNMP
10 4 (0.35%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 305 (26.82%) SQL Server
2 134 (11.79%) Data Warehouse
3 123 (10.82%) Relational Database
4 105 (9.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 90 (7.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 83 (7.30%) RDBMS
7 81 (7.12%) NoSQL
8 71 (6.24%) Big Data
8 71 (6.24%) Hadoop
9 70 (6.16%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 45 (3.96%) MongoDB
11 38 (3.34%) MySQL
11 38 (3.34%) Oracle Database
12 33 (2.90%) BusinessObjects
12 33 (2.90%) Power BI
12 33 (2.90%) SQL Server 2008
13 28 (2.46%) PostgreSQL
14 27 (2.37%) Apache Hive
15 26 (2.29%) QlikView
16 23 (2.02%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 86 (7.56%) Git (software)
2 83 (7.30%) JIRA
3 53 (4.66%) Selenium
4 43 (3.78%) Jenkins
4 43 (3.78%) Team Foundation Server
5 41 (3.61%) Visual Studio
6 39 (3.43%) Maven
7 38 (3.34%) TeamCity
8 27 (2.37%) JIRA Agile
9 24 (2.11%) Subversion
10 23 (2.02%) Cucumber
10 23 (2.02%) NUnit
11 16 (1.41%) SpecFlow
12 12 (1.06%) Eclipse
13 11 (0.97%) Moq
13 11 (0.97%) SonarQube
14 10 (0.88%) Gradle
14 10 (0.88%) WebDriver
15 9 (0.79%) Visual Studio Team System
16 8 (0.70%) JUnit
General
1 438 (38.52%) Finance
2 266 (23.39%) Banking
3 153 (13.46%) Front Office
4 98 (8.62%) Investment Banking
5 48 (4.22%) Retail
6 33 (2.90%) Financial Institution
7 30 (2.64%) Telecoms
8 27 (2.37%) Back Office
8 27 (2.37%) Marketing
9 25 (2.20%) Games
9 25 (2.20%) Legal
10 20 (1.76%) Law
11 16 (1.41%) Advertising
12 10 (0.88%) Publishing
12 10 (0.88%) Retail Banking
13 8 (0.70%) International Banking
14 6 (0.53%) Prime Brokerage
15 5 (0.44%) Manufacturing
16 4 (0.35%) General Ledger
16 4 (0.35%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 617 (54.27%) Developer
2 266 (23.39%) Analyst
3 135 (11.87%) Java Developer
4 131 (11.52%) C# Developer
5 121 (10.64%) SQL Developer
6 97 (8.53%) Senior Developer
7 90 (7.92%) .NET Developer
8 67 (5.89%) Business Analyst
9 60 (5.28%) Data Analyst
10 56 (4.93%) C# .NET Developer
11 54 (4.75%) SQL Analyst
12 42 (3.69%) JavaScript Developer
13 41 (3.61%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 39 (3.43%) Angular Developer
15 35 (3.08%) Full Stack Developer
15 35 (3.08%) Test Analyst
16 34 (2.99%) Support Analyst
17 33 (2.90%) Senior Analyst
18 30 (2.64%) Architect
19 29 (2.55%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 255 (22.43%) .NET
2 135 (11.87%) HTML
3 132 (11.61%) AngularJS
4 99 (8.71%) XML
5 97 (8.53%) CSS
6 94 (8.27%) Web Services
7 91 (8.00%) ASP.NET
8 86 (7.56%) REST
9 70 (6.16%) Spring
10 62 (5.45%) ASP.NET MVC
10 62 (5.45%) React
11 58 (5.10%) JSON
12 54 (4.75%) RESTful
13 53 (4.66%) ASP.NET Web API
14 49 (4.31%) WCF
15 48 (4.22%) HTML5
16 46 (4.05%) jQuery
17 43 (3.78%) Node.js
18 40 (3.52%) SOAP
19 36 (3.17%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 99 (8.71%) Analytical Skills
2 83 (7.30%) Equities
3 74 (6.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 56 (4.93%) Computer Science
4 56 (4.93%) Derivative
5 54 (4.75%) Greenfield Project
6 51 (4.49%) Fixed Income
7 37 (3.25%) Data Structures
8 36 (3.17%) Credit Risk
9 31 (2.73%) Hedge funds
10 25 (2.20%) Mobile App
11 24 (2.11%) Market Risk
12 23 (2.02%) Algorithms
12 23 (2.02%) Management Information System
13 18 (1.58%) User Experience
14 15 (1.32%) Fintech
15 13 (1.14%) Replication
16 11 (0.97%) NHS
16 11 (0.97%) N-Tier
16 11 (0.97%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 114 (10.03%) Linux
2 96 (8.44%) Unix
3 86 (7.56%) Windows
4 29 (2.55%) Windows Server
5 19 (1.67%) Solaris
6 18 (1.58%) Android
6 18 (1.58%) Windows Server 2012
7 16 (1.41%) Apple iOS
8 14 (1.23%) Windows Server 2008
9 9 (0.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (0.79%) Windows Server 2003
10 3 (0.26%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.26%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.18%) AIX
11 2 (0.18%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.18%) SUSE
11 2 (0.18%) Windows 8
11 2 (0.18%) Windows Vista
12 1 (0.088%) HPUX
12 1 (0.088%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 355 (31.22%) Agile Software Development
2 163 (14.34%) Business Intelligence
3 125 (10.99%) TDD
4 118 (10.38%) ETL
5 117 (10.29%) MVC
6 110 (9.67%) Data Modelling
6 110 (9.67%) SDLC
7 88 (7.74%) Multithreading
8 87 (7.65%) Test Automation
9 78 (6.86%) Analytics
10 77 (6.77%) Scrum
11 74 (6.51%) OO
12 68 (5.98%) DevOps
13 66 (5.80%) Risk Management
14 63 (5.54%) User Acceptance Testing
15 60 (5.28%) Data Analysis
15 60 (5.28%) Stakeholder Management
16 54 (4.75%) BDD
17 49 (4.31%) CRM
17 49 (4.31%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 299 (26.30%) C#
2 292 (25.68%) Java
3 184 (16.18%) JavaScript
4 150 (13.19%) T-SQL
5 101 (8.88%) Python
6 67 (5.89%) PL/SQL
7 57 (5.01%) C++
8 44 (3.87%) VBA
9 42 (3.69%) Shell Script
10 36 (3.17%) R
11 28 (2.46%) PowerShell
12 27 (2.37%) Scala
13 25 (2.20%) TypeScript
14 23 (2.02%) Bash Shell
15 21 (1.85%) VB
16 20 (1.76%) Perl
17 17 (1.50%) C
18 16 (1.41%) Objective-C
18 16 (1.41%) VB.NET
19 13 (1.14%) ES6
Qualifications
1 84 (7.39%) Degree
2 24 (2.11%) Security Cleared
3 23 (2.02%) Numerate Degree
4 14 (1.23%) SC Cleared
5 9 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
6 7 (0.62%) ISEB
6 7 (0.62%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.44%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.44%) ISTQB
7 5 (0.44%) ITIL Certification
7 5 (0.44%) MCSE
7 5 (0.44%) PhD
8 4 (0.35%) MCSA
9 3 (0.26%) PMP
9 3 (0.26%) Siebel Certification
10 2 (0.18%) CFA
10 2 (0.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.18%) MCP
10 2 (0.18%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 43 (3.78%) QA
2 35 (3.08%) MiFID
3 24 (2.11%) Data Quality
4 9 (0.79%) EMIR
5 8 (0.70%) Solvency II
6 7 (0.62%) SEPA
7 5 (0.44%) GDPR
8 4 (0.35%) Dodd-Frank
9 3 (0.26%) IFRS
9 3 (0.26%) IFRS 9
10 2 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.088%) Basel III
11 1 (0.088%) FINREP
11 1 (0.088%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.088%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.088%) SLA
System Software
1 37 (3.25%) Active Directory
2 17 (1.50%) HDFS
3 16 (1.41%) Docker
3 16 (1.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (1.23%) Apache Flume
5 10 (0.88%) XenApp
6 6 (0.53%) vSphere
7 4 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.35%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.35%) VMware NSX
7 4 (0.35%) XenDesktop
8 2 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.088%) Firmware
9 1 (0.088%) GridGain
9 1 (0.088%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.088%) UAG
9 1 (0.088%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.088%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.088%) VMware Workstation
9 1 (0.088%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 15 (1.32%) Oozie
2 10 (0.88%) Ambari
3 8 (0.70%) Ansible
4 7 (0.62%) Control-M
4 7 (0.62%) HP Quality Center
4 7 (0.62%) Puppet
5 5 (0.44%) Microsoft Clustering
5 5 (0.44%) SCCM
6 4 (0.35%) ITRS Geneos
6 4 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (0.35%) PowerCLI
6 4 (0.35%) vRealize
6 4 (0.35%) WSUS
7 3 (0.26%) Mesos
8 2 (0.18%) Grafana
8 2 (0.18%) Kubernetes
8 2 (0.18%) RSA Archer
8 2 (0.18%) Rundeck
8 2 (0.18%) SCOM
8 2 (0.18%) WMI
Vendors
1 180 (15.83%) Microsoft
2 171 (15.04%) Oracle
3 57 (5.01%) Sybase
4 46 (4.05%) Tableau
5 22 (1.93%) TIBCO
6 21 (1.85%) Informatica
6 21 (1.85%) VMware
7 20 (1.76%) Bloomberg
8 18 (1.58%) Google
9 17 (1.50%) Reuters
9 17 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
10 16 (1.41%) Citrix
11 14 (1.23%) IBM
12 12 (1.06%) Splunk
13 11 (0.97%) Apigee
13 11 (0.97%) CheckPoint
13 11 (0.97%) Cisco
13 11 (0.97%) ServiceNow
14 10 (0.88%) DevExpress
14 10 (0.88%) Solace