Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 7 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 645 277 892
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 16.87% 15.63% 14.96%
As % of the Programming Languages category 35.25% 32.10% 29.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 502 199 728
10th Percentile £376 £292 £350
25th Percentile £475 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £560 £475 £500
Median % change year-on-year +17.89% -5.00% -
75th Percentile £650 £575 £575
90th Percentile £750 £638 £650
Central London median daily rate £555 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +16.84% -5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 4 2
10th Percentile £28.63 " £21.17
25th Percentile £32.06 £12.75 £21.19
Median hourly rate £36.50 £18.75 £21.92
Median % change year-on-year +94.67% -14.44% -40.91%
75th Percentile £55.19 £28.19 £23.06
90th Percentile £61.38 £34.83 £23.32
Central London median hourly rate £36.50 £18.75 £21.92
% change year-on-year +94.67% -14.44% -40.91%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,830 863 2,976
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 47.86% 48.70% 49.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,445 660 2,444
10th Percentile £413 £363 £395
25th Percentile £500 £430 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £688 £625 £625
90th Percentile £775 £694 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +14.29% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 13
10th Percentile £26.15 £12.75 "
25th Percentile £32.00 £19.69 £21.00
Median hourly rate £36.50 £28.75 £22.33
Median % change year-on-year +26.96% +28.75% -24.42%
75th Percentile £61.56 £37.56 £51.25
90th Percentile £67.98 £39.48 £54.85
Central London median hourly rate £36.50 £28.75 £22.42
% change year-on-year +26.96% +28.26% +1.89%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 2 £575 -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 247 (38.29%) Agile Software Development
2 245 (37.98%) Finance
3 200 (31.01%) Azure
4 174 (26.98%) C#
5 157 (24.34%) .NET
6 156 (24.19%) Business Intelligence
7 154 (23.88%) Python
8 141 (21.86%) Banking
9 127 (19.69%) DevOps
10 125 (19.38%) Analytics
11 124 (19.22%) SQL Server
12 111 (17.21%) Power BI
12 111 (17.21%) Power Platform
12 111 (17.21%) Social Skills
13 106 (16.43%) Java
14 105 (16.28%) AWS
15 103 (15.97%) TDD
16 97 (15.04%) Data Warehouse
17 89 (13.80%) Visualisation
18 85 (13.18%) Microsoft
19 82 (12.71%) ETL
19 82 (12.71%) Data Analysis
20 81 (12.56%) Software Engineering
20 81 (12.56%) Microsoft Excel
20 81 (12.56%) Oracle
21 80 (12.40%) Analytical Skills
22 78 (12.09%) Git (software)
23 70 (10.85%) AngularJS
23 70 (10.85%) Investment Banking
24 69 (10.70%) Problem-Solving

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (5.74%) SharePoint
2 30 (4.65%) Apache Spark
3 16 (2.48%) Jupyter
4 12 (1.86%) IIS
5 9 (1.40%) Confluence
6 7 (1.09%) CMS
6 7 (1.09%) SAS
7 6 (0.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 3 (0.47%) Apache
8 3 (0.47%) Elasticsearch
8 3 (0.47%) Oracle Coherence
9 2 (0.31%) nginx
9 2 (0.31%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (0.31%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.16%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.16%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.16%) ArcGIS
10 1 (0.16%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.16%) JBoss
10 1 (0.16%) WebLogic
Applications
1 81 (12.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (4.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.78%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.31%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.16%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 4 (0.62%) SunGard Martini
2 3 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.31%) Elite 3E
3 2 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.16%) CA PPM
4 1 (0.16%) FINCAD Analytics
4 1 (0.16%) Global One
4 1 (0.16%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.16%) Magento
4 1 (0.16%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 200 (31.01%) Azure
2 111 (17.21%) Power Platform
3 105 (16.28%) AWS
4 26 (4.03%) Serverless
5 22 (3.41%) GCP
5 22 (3.41%) GitHub
5 22 (3.41%) Microsoft 365
6 17 (2.64%) Azure Data Factory
7 14 (2.17%) AWS Lambda
8 13 (2.02%) PaaS
9 12 (1.86%) Amazon S3
10 11 (1.71%) Azure Functions
10 11 (1.71%) PowerApps
10 11 (1.71%) Snowflake
11 10 (1.55%) Azure Logic Apps
11 10 (1.55%) SaaS
12 8 (1.24%) Collibra
12 8 (1.24%) Power Automate
13 7 (1.09%) AWS CloudFormation
13 7 (1.09%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.64%) HTTP
2 11 (1.71%) HTTPS
3 7 (1.09%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.62%) Firewall
4 4 (0.62%) Internet
5 3 (0.47%) DNS
5 3 (0.47%) LAN
6 2 (0.31%) Broadband
6 2 (0.31%) DHCP
6 2 (0.31%) Intranet
6 2 (0.31%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.31%) Unified Communications
7 1 (0.16%) FTP
7 1 (0.16%) Multicast
7 1 (0.16%) PuTTY
7 1 (0.16%) Remote Desktop
7 1 (0.16%) SMTP
7 1 (0.16%) SSH
7 1 (0.16%) SSL
7 1 (0.16%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 124 (19.22%) SQL Server
2 111 (17.21%) Power BI
3 97 (15.04%) Data Warehouse
4 56 (8.68%) NoSQL
5 55 (8.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 51 (7.91%) QlikView
7 47 (7.29%) Tableau
8 36 (5.58%) Big Data
8 36 (5.58%) Qlik Sense
9 35 (5.43%) Oracle Database
10 34 (5.27%) Relational Database
11 26 (4.03%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 26 (4.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 24 (3.72%) Hadoop
13 22 (3.41%) Azure SQL Database
13 22 (3.41%) Data Lake
14 20 (3.10%) MongoDB
15 19 (2.95%) PostgreSQL
16 17 (2.64%) RDBMS
17 14 (2.17%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 78 (12.09%) Git (software)
2 50 (7.75%) Visual Studio
3 39 (6.05%) JIRA
4 30 (4.65%) Jenkins
5 17 (2.64%) Team Foundation Server
6 15 (2.33%) TeamCity
7 14 (2.17%) Octopus Deploy
7 14 (2.17%) Selenium
8 13 (2.02%) Cucumber
9 11 (1.71%) SpecFlow
10 9 (1.40%) Maven
10 9 (1.40%) Subversion
11 5 (0.78%) Bitbucket
11 5 (0.78%) GitLab
12 4 (0.62%) git-flow
12 4 (0.62%) IBM UrbanCode
12 4 (0.62%) Jasmine
12 4 (0.62%) JSUnit
12 4 (0.62%) Karma Test Runner
12 4 (0.62%) Sourcetree
General
1 245 (37.98%) Finance
2 141 (21.86%) Banking
3 111 (17.21%) Social Skills
4 80 (12.40%) Analytical Skills
5 70 (10.85%) Investment Banking
6 53 (8.22%) Front Office
7 32 (4.96%) Marketing
8 26 (4.03%) Legal
9 21 (3.26%) Presentation Skills
10 14 (2.17%) Financial Institution
11 11 (1.71%) Documentation Skills
11 11 (1.71%) Retail
12 9 (1.40%) Public Sector
13 8 (1.24%) Law
14 7 (1.09%) Advertising
14 7 (1.09%) International Banking
15 6 (0.93%) Back Office
16 4 (0.62%) Telecoms
17 3 (0.47%) General Ledger
18 2 (0.31%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 275 (42.64%) Developer
2 146 (22.64%) Analyst
3 97 (15.04%) C# Developer
4 67 (10.39%) Business Analyst
5 58 (8.99%) SQL Analyst
6 52 (8.06%) Data Engineer
7 41 (6.36%) Business Intelligence Analyst
8 36 (5.58%) Data Business Analyst
9 35 (5.43%) Insurance Business Analyst
10 34 (5.27%) Data Analyst
11 33 (5.12%) SQL Data Analyst
12 32 (4.96%) Business Intelligence Business Analyst
12 32 (4.96%) Java Developer
12 32 (4.96%) SQL Developer
13 29 (4.50%) Python Developer
14 28 (4.34%) Architect
15 27 (4.19%) .NET Developer
16 23 (3.57%) Data Scientist
16 23 (3.57%) Software Engineer
17 19 (2.95%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 157 (24.34%) .NET
2 70 (10.85%) AngularJS
3 44 (6.82%) HTML
4 38 (5.89%) CSS
5 34 (5.27%) React
6 33 (5.12%) .NET Framework
6 33 (5.12%) Kafka
7 32 (4.96%) Spring
8 31 (4.81%) REST
9 28 (4.34%) XML
10 26 (4.03%) Spring Boot
10 26 (4.03%) Web Services
11 25 (3.88%) Node.js
12 24 (3.72%) RESTful
13 23 (3.57%) ASP.NET
14 21 (3.26%) JSON
15 20 (3.10%) HTML5
15 20 (3.10%) jQuery
15 20 (3.10%) SOAP
16 17 (2.64%) D3.js
Miscellaneous
1 43 (6.67%) Derivative
2 35 (5.43%) Fixed Income
3 31 (4.81%) Management Information System
4 29 (4.50%) Algorithms
5 25 (3.88%) Credit Risk
5 25 (3.88%) Interest Rate Derivative
6 22 (3.41%) Social Media
7 16 (2.48%) Reinsurance
8 15 (2.33%) Data Structures
8 15 (2.33%) Equities
9 14 (2.17%) Market Risk
10 13 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
11 11 (1.71%) Hedge funds
12 8 (1.24%) Client/Server
12 8 (1.24%) Legacy Systems
13 7 (1.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 6 (0.93%) Greenfield Project
15 5 (0.78%) Legacy Applications
15 5 (0.78%) Reference Data
15 5 (0.78%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 54 (8.37%) Windows
2 31 (4.81%) Linux
3 19 (2.95%) Unix
4 12 (1.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (1.71%) Windows Server
6 8 (1.24%) Windows Server 2012
7 5 (0.78%) Windows Server 2016
8 4 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.47%) VMS
10 2 (0.31%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 247 (38.29%) Agile Software Development
2 156 (24.19%) Business Intelligence
3 127 (19.69%) DevOps
4 125 (19.38%) Analytics
5 103 (15.97%) TDD
6 89 (13.80%) Visualisation
7 82 (12.71%) Data Analysis
7 82 (12.71%) ETL
8 81 (12.56%) Software Engineering
9 69 (10.70%) Problem-Solving
10 65 (10.08%) Data Modelling
11 59 (9.15%) Scrum
12 58 (8.99%) Data Visualisation
13 57 (8.84%) Microservices
14 53 (8.22%) Continuous Integration
15 51 (7.91%) Data Science
16 49 (7.60%) User Stories
17 44 (6.82%) Release Management
18 43 (6.67%) Migration
19 41 (6.36%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 174 (26.98%) C#
2 154 (23.88%) Python
3 106 (16.43%) Java
4 62 (9.61%) JavaScript
5 57 (8.84%) T-SQL
6 52 (8.06%) VBA
7 47 (7.29%) TypeScript
8 33 (5.12%) R
9 30 (4.65%) PowerShell
10 28 (4.34%) VB
11 27 (4.19%) VB.NET
12 26 (4.03%) PL/SQL
13 22 (3.41%) C
14 18 (2.79%) C++
15 13 (2.02%) Scala
16 11 (1.71%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
17 10 (1.55%) Shell Script
18 5 (0.78%) ES6
18 5 (0.78%) Java 8
18 5 (0.78%) Perl
Qualifications
1 52 (8.06%) Degree
2 11 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
3 8 (1.24%) Security Cleared
4 7 (1.09%) SC Cleared
5 6 (0.93%) AWS Certification
6 4 (0.62%) ITIL Certification
7 3 (0.47%) ISTQB
7 3 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 3 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.47%) OCP
7 3 (0.47%) Oracle Certification
8 2 (0.31%) ISEB
8 2 (0.31%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 2 (0.31%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 2 (0.31%) Postgraduate
9 1 (0.16%) ACCA
9 1 (0.16%) CIMA
9 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.16%) PhD
9 1 (0.16%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (5.89%) QA
2 20 (3.10%) Data Quality
3 13 (2.02%) GDPR
4 11 (1.71%) MiFID
5 10 (1.55%) EMIR
6 6 (0.93%) IFRS
7 5 (0.78%) PMO
8 4 (0.62%) Solvency II
9 3 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 2 (0.31%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.31%) NCSC
10 2 (0.31%) SLA
11 1 (0.16%) GMP
11 1 (0.16%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 34 (5.27%) Docker
2 22 (3.41%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.93%) Oracle RAC
4 4 (0.62%) Platform Symphony
5 2 (0.31%) HDFS
5 2 (0.31%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.31%) XenApp
5 2 (0.31%) XenDesktop
6 1 (0.16%) RACF
6 1 (0.16%) Terminal Services
6 1 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 26 (4.03%) Kubernetes
2 19 (2.95%) Terraform
3 5 (0.78%) Ansible
3 5 (0.78%) Data Guard
4 3 (0.47%) Oracle RMAN
5 2 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
5 2 (0.31%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.31%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
5 2 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.16%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 1 (0.16%) CASB
6 1 (0.16%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
6 1 (0.16%) Graylog
6 1 (0.16%) HP ALM
6 1 (0.16%) Kibana
6 1 (0.16%) Marathon
6 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Clustering
6 1 (0.16%) Oozie
6 1 (0.16%) Puppet
Vendors
1 85 (13.18%) Microsoft
2 81 (12.56%) Oracle
3 29 (4.50%) Alteryx
4 24 (3.72%) Salesforce.com
5 20 (3.10%) Databricks
6 11 (1.71%) Confluent
7 10 (1.55%) Google
8 8 (1.24%) IBM
9 6 (0.93%) Citrix
9 6 (0.93%) Red Hat
10 5 (0.78%) Informatica
11 4 (0.62%) Anaplan
11 4 (0.62%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
11 4 (0.62%) SAP
11 4 (0.62%) Splunk
11 4 (0.62%) SunGard
12 3 (0.47%) Cloudera
12 3 (0.47%) Guidewire
12 3 (0.47%) ServiceNow
12 3 (0.47%) Solace