Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 5 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 635 1,036 1,134
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 14.76% 15.30% 15.98%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.08% 29.48% 29.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 478 803 944
Median daily rate £495 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £348
90th Percentile £650 £650 £675
Central London median daily rate £488 £500 £490
% change year-on-year -2.50% +2.04% +8.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 8
Median hourly rate £27.50 £35.00 £24.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.43% +41.41% -12.68%
10th Percentile £24.50 £32.50 £15.55
90th Percentile £37.55 £37.50 £47.18
Central London median hourly rate £30.00 £35.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% +25.00% -1.22%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,111 3,514 3,796
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.08% 51.91% 53.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,651 2,852 3,231
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £381 £400 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £713
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £515
% change year-on-year - +1.94% +8.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 13 21
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +62.79% -24.15%
10th Percentile £24.50 £18.21 £16.75
90th Percentile £58.25 £56.50 £48.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - +62.79% -24.15%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +25 9 £525 -4.55%
Moorgate +15 6 £550 +37.50%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 195 (30.71%) Agile Software Development
2 187 (29.45%) Finance
3 180 (28.35%) SQL Server
4 145 (22.83%) Azure
5 143 (22.52%) .NET
6 140 (22.05%) C#
7 130 (20.47%) Microsoft
8 128 (20.16%) Business Intelligence
9 119 (18.74%) Python
10 114 (17.95%) Oracle
11 105 (16.54%) Data Warehouse
12 102 (16.06%) Java
13 95 (14.96%) ETL
14 84 (13.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 82 (12.91%) DevOps
16 81 (12.76%) Data Modelling
17 79 (12.44%) Analytics
18 76 (11.97%) Microsoft Excel
19 69 (10.87%) Banking
20 67 (10.55%) Windows
20 67 (10.55%) Power Platform
21 66 (10.39%) Power BI
22 65 (10.24%) T-SQL
23 62 (9.76%) JavaScript
24 58 (9.13%) AWS
25 55 (8.66%) SQL Server Reporting Services
26 54 (8.50%) TDD
27 52 (8.19%) Test Automation
28 51 (8.03%) Migration
29 50 (7.87%) PL/SQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (3.78%) Confluence
2 23 (3.62%) SharePoint
3 20 (3.15%) Apache Spark
4 12 (1.89%) WebLogic
5 9 (1.42%) SAS
6 8 (1.26%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (1.10%) Skype for Business
8 6 (0.94%) Apache
8 6 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
8 6 (0.94%) IIS
9 5 (0.79%) Oracle Workflow
9 5 (0.79%) Tomcat
10 4 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 3 (0.47%) Luigi
11 3 (0.47%) WordPress
12 2 (0.31%) ArcGIS
12 2 (0.31%) CMS
12 2 (0.31%) DataSynapse
12 2 (0.31%) Exchange Server 2013
12 2 (0.31%) SAP Portal
Applications
1 76 (11.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.31%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.31%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.16%) Acrobat
4 1 (0.16%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.16%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 10 (1.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.63%) Dynamics AX
3 3 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.31%) Elite 3E
4 2 (0.31%) Maximo
4 2 (0.31%) Oracle FAH
4 2 (0.31%) Oracle Payables
4 2 (0.31%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.16%) Aareon QL
5 1 (0.16%) FastStats
5 1 (0.16%) Infor SunSystems
5 1 (0.16%) Oracle Assets
5 1 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.16%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.16%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 1 (0.16%) Orchestrade
5 1 (0.16%) Relativity
5 1 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.16%) SAP BPC
5 1 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 145 (22.83%) Azure
2 67 (10.55%) Power Platform
3 58 (9.13%) AWS
4 28 (4.41%) Azure Data Factory
5 27 (4.25%) GCP
6 19 (2.99%) Serverless
7 17 (2.68%) PaaS
8 14 (2.20%) GitHub
9 13 (2.05%) Office 365
10 11 (1.73%) Azure Functions
10 11 (1.73%) PowerApps
11 10 (1.57%) Azure Stack
11 10 (1.57%) Dynamics 365
12 7 (1.10%) Azure Active Directory
12 7 (1.10%) Data Lake Analytics
13 6 (0.94%) Microsoft Flow
13 6 (0.94%) SaaS
14 5 (0.79%) Apigee
14 5 (0.79%) IaaS
15 4 (0.63%) Azure Machine Learning
Communications & Networking
1 6 (0.94%) LAN
1 6 (0.94%) TCP/IP
1 6 (0.94%) WAN
2 5 (0.79%) SAN
3 4 (0.63%) Firewall
3 4 (0.63%) HTTP
4 3 (0.47%) MPLS
4 3 (0.47%) NAS
5 2 (0.31%) DHCP
5 2 (0.31%) DNS
5 2 (0.31%) Fibre Channel
5 2 (0.31%) HTTPS
5 2 (0.31%) Network Security
5 2 (0.31%) PuTTY
6 1 (0.16%) Broadband
6 1 (0.16%) FTP
6 1 (0.16%) SMTP
6 1 (0.16%) SNMP
6 1 (0.16%) SSL
6 1 (0.16%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 180 (28.35%) SQL Server
2 105 (16.54%) Data Warehouse
3 84 (13.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 66 (10.39%) Power BI
5 55 (8.66%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 48 (7.56%) Azure SQL Database
7 47 (7.40%) NoSQL
8 38 (5.98%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 37 (5.83%) Relational Database
10 30 (4.72%) Big Data
11 28 (4.41%) Data Lake
12 25 (3.94%) Hadoop
12 25 (3.94%) Oracle Database
12 25 (3.94%) PostgreSQL
13 17 (2.68%) MongoDB
14 16 (2.52%) SQL Server 2016
15 14 (2.20%) MySQL
15 14 (2.20%) SQL Server 2008
16 13 (2.05%) BigQuery
16 13 (2.05%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 44 (6.93%) JIRA
2 38 (5.98%) Jenkins
3 31 (4.88%) Git (software)
4 26 (4.09%) Team Foundation Server
5 25 (3.94%) Visual Studio
6 18 (2.83%) TeamCity
7 16 (2.52%) Selenium
8 12 (1.89%) SpecFlow
8 12 (1.89%) Subversion
9 11 (1.73%) Octopus Deploy
10 10 (1.57%) Eclipse
10 10 (1.57%) JUnit
10 10 (1.57%) Maven
11 7 (1.10%) CircleCI
11 7 (1.10%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
12 6 (0.94%) NUnit
13 5 (0.79%) GitLab
13 5 (0.79%) Oracle Forms
13 5 (0.79%) Postman
13 5 (0.79%) Travis CI
General
1 187 (29.45%) Finance
2 69 (10.87%) Banking
3 32 (5.04%) Front Office
4 19 (2.99%) Investment Banking
5 15 (2.36%) Law
6 14 (2.20%) Marketing
6 14 (2.20%) Public Sector
7 11 (1.73%) Legal
8 10 (1.57%) Retail
9 8 (1.26%) Publishing
10 5 (0.79%) Financial Institution
11 4 (0.63%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.31%) Back Office
12 2 (0.31%) Billing
12 2 (0.31%) International Banking
12 2 (0.31%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.16%) Advertising
13 1 (0.16%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.16%) Games
13 1 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 279 (43.94%) Developer
2 123 (19.37%) Analyst
3 65 (10.24%) SQL Developer
4 48 (7.56%) C# Developer
5 47 (7.40%) .NET Developer
6 40 (6.30%) Java Developer
7 38 (5.98%) Data Analyst
8 35 (5.51%) Data Engineer
9 33 (5.20%) Architect
10 30 (4.72%) Business Analyst
11 26 (4.09%) Consultant
12 25 (3.94%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 24 (3.78%) C# .NET Developer
14 23 (3.62%) SQL Analyst
15 22 (3.46%) Azure Engineer
16 20 (3.15%) Business Intelligence Analyst
16 20 (3.15%) Senior Developer
16 20 (3.15%) Technical Analyst
17 19 (2.99%) Azure Developer
18 18 (2.83%) Applications Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 143 (22.52%) .NET
2 48 (7.56%) HTML
3 41 (6.46%) CSS
4 38 (5.98%) AngularJS
5 36 (5.67%) XML
6 32 (5.04%) ASP.NET
7 30 (4.72%) React
7 30 (4.72%) REST
8 29 (4.57%) Web Services
9 22 (3.46%) Spring
10 21 (3.31%) .NET Core
11 20 (3.15%) RESTful
11 20 (3.15%) WinForms
12 18 (2.83%) .NET Framework
12 18 (2.83%) ASP.NET Web API
12 18 (2.83%) MDX
12 18 (2.83%) Node.js
12 18 (2.83%) SOAP
12 18 (2.83%) WPF
13 15 (2.36%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 44 (6.93%) Analytical Skills
2 25 (3.94%) Greenfield Project
3 23 (3.62%) Data Structures
4 16 (2.52%) Reinsurance
5 13 (2.05%) Derivative
6 12 (1.89%) Fixed Income
7 11 (1.73%) Algorithms
7 11 (1.73%) Equities
7 11 (1.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 11 (1.73%) Management Information System
8 10 (1.57%) Replication
9 8 (1.26%) Credit Risk
10 6 (0.94%) Client/Server
10 6 (0.94%) Clustering
10 6 (0.94%) Self-Motivation
11 5 (0.79%) Data Centre
11 5 (0.79%) Fat Client
11 5 (0.79%) Thin Client
11 5 (0.79%) User Experience
12 4 (0.63%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 67 (10.55%) Windows
2 47 (7.40%) Linux
3 36 (5.67%) Unix
4 24 (3.78%) Windows Server
5 12 (1.89%) Windows Server 2008
6 11 (1.73%) Windows Server 2016
7 9 (1.42%) Windows Server 2012
8 6 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 3 (0.47%) Android
10 2 (0.31%) Apple iOS
10 2 (0.31%) CentOS
10 2 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 2 (0.31%) Windows 10
10 2 (0.31%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.16%) AIX
11 1 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
11 1 (0.16%) Solaris
11 1 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.16%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 195 (30.71%) Agile Software Development
2 128 (20.16%) Business Intelligence
3 95 (14.96%) ETL
4 82 (12.91%) DevOps
5 81 (12.76%) Data Modelling
6 79 (12.44%) Analytics
7 54 (8.50%) TDD
8 52 (8.19%) Test Automation
9 51 (8.03%) Migration
10 47 (7.40%) SDLC
11 39 (6.14%) Data Analysis
12 38 (5.98%) Data Science
12 38 (5.98%) Kimball Methodology
12 38 (5.98%) Problem-Solving
12 38 (5.98%) Scrum
13 34 (5.35%) Visualisation
14 31 (4.88%) Software Engineering
15 29 (4.57%) Machine Learning
16 28 (4.41%) Asset Management
16 28 (4.41%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 140 (22.05%) C#
2 119 (18.74%) Python
3 102 (16.06%) Java
4 65 (10.24%) T-SQL
5 62 (9.76%) JavaScript
6 50 (7.87%) PL/SQL
7 44 (6.93%) PowerShell
8 33 (5.20%) R
9 28 (4.41%) VB.NET
9 28 (4.41%) VBA
10 25 (3.94%) Scala
11 20 (3.15%) Shell Script
12 19 (2.99%) C++
13 15 (2.36%) VB
14 13 (2.05%) Java 8
15 12 (1.89%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 12 (1.89%) PHP
16 11 (1.73%) Perl
17 10 (1.57%) Ruby
18 7 (1.10%) C
Qualifications
1 37 (5.83%) Degree
2 21 (3.31%) Security Cleared
3 20 (3.15%) SC Cleared
4 8 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
6 5 (0.79%) MCITP
7 4 (0.63%) BC Cleared
7 4 (0.63%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.47%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.47%) ISEB
8 3 (0.47%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 2 (0.31%) PhD
10 1 (0.16%) CCIE
10 1 (0.16%) CCNA
10 1 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.16%) Citrix Certification
10 1 (0.16%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.16%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.16%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (4.72%) QA
2 19 (2.99%) Data Quality
3 15 (2.36%) Solvency II
4 14 (2.20%) IFRS
5 12 (1.89%) GDPR
6 8 (1.26%) SLA
7 5 (0.79%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 3 (0.47%) MiFID
9 2 (0.31%) Basel III
9 2 (0.31%) EMIR
9 2 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 20000
10 1 (0.16%) COREP
10 1 (0.16%) DICOM
10 1 (0.16%) FINREP
10 1 (0.16%) HL7
10 1 (0.16%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.16%) PMO
10 1 (0.16%) WCAG
System Software
1 35 (5.51%) Active Directory
2 22 (3.46%) Docker
3 10 (1.57%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.94%) Microsoft App-V
6 5 (0.79%) HDFS
6 5 (0.79%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (0.79%) Terminal Services
7 4 (0.63%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.47%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.31%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
9 2 (0.31%) vSphere
9 2 (0.31%) XenApp
10 1 (0.16%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.16%) UAG
10 1 (0.16%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 22 (3.46%) Kubernetes
2 11 (1.73%) Ansible
3 8 (1.26%) SCCM
3 8 (1.26%) Terraform
4 6 (0.94%) Puppet
5 5 (0.79%) Data Guard
5 5 (0.79%) Istio
5 5 (0.79%) Kibana
6 4 (0.63%) Control-M
6 4 (0.63%) Hadoop YARN
7 3 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
7 3 (0.47%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 3 (0.47%) Oracle RMAN
7 3 (0.47%) SCOM
7 3 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
8 2 (0.31%) Forefront Identity Manager
8 2 (0.31%) Grafana
8 2 (0.31%) Graphite
8 2 (0.31%) logstash
8 2 (0.31%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 130 (20.47%) Microsoft
2 114 (17.95%) Oracle
3 28 (4.41%) Tableau
4 24 (3.78%) Google
5 18 (2.83%) Sybase
6 14 (2.20%) VMware
7 12 (1.89%) Informatica
7 12 (1.89%) SunGard
8 10 (1.57%) Cognos
8 10 (1.57%) Databricks
8 10 (1.57%) Murex
8 10 (1.57%) SAP
9 9 (1.42%) OpenLink
10 8 (1.26%) Citrix
10 8 (1.26%) Red Hat
11 7 (1.10%) Alteryx
11 7 (1.10%) Atlassian
11 7 (1.10%) ServiceNow
12 6 (0.94%) Hyperion
13 5 (0.79%) Salesforce.com