Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 5 7
Rank change year-on-year 0 +2 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 915 1,002 1,102
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.84% 14.46% 16.25%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.16% 26.91% 31.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 743 813 864
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £363 £363 £356
90th Percentile £661 £625 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £496
% change year-on-year - +0.76% +10.28%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 8 6
City of London median hourly rate £22.42 £29.55 £17.60
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.13% +67.85% -59.99%
10th Percentile £21.19 £17.15 £11.90
90th Percentile £33.30 £70.89 £27.74
Central London median hourly rate £22.42 £29.55 £21.50
% change year-on-year -24.13% +37.42% -51.14%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,034 3,723 3,484
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.21% 53.73% 51.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,473 3,115 2,816
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £363
90th Percentile £675 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +10.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 14 9
City of London median hourly rate £22.33 £22.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.50% +2.33% -21.82%
10th Percentile £21.00 £12.50 £12.74
90th Percentile £57.60 £54.88 £32.30
Central London median hourly rate £22.33 £22.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year +1.50% +2.33% -21.82%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -4 29 £550 +4.76%
Moorgate +3 20 £575 -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 297 (32.46%) Finance
2 274 (29.95%) SQL Server
3 252 (27.54%) Agile Software Development
4 243 (26.56%) Azure
5 216 (23.61%) Python
6 176 (19.23%) Microsoft
7 171 (18.69%) Business Intelligence
8 170 (18.58%) C#
8 170 (18.58%) .NET
9 165 (18.03%) Java
10 162 (17.70%) ETL
11 154 (16.83%) Data Warehouse
12 144 (15.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 141 (15.41%) Data Modelling
14 127 (13.88%) Analytics
15 125 (13.66%) Banking
16 124 (13.55%) AWS
17 123 (13.44%) TDD
18 117 (12.79%) DevOps
19 114 (12.46%) Docker
20 112 (12.24%) JavaScript
21 110 (12.02%) T-SQL
22 108 (11.80%) Power Platform
23 105 (11.48%) Oracle
24 104 (11.37%) Power BI
25 102 (11.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
26 98 (10.71%) Big Data
27 95 (10.38%) Migration
28 92 (10.05%) Microservices
28 92 (10.05%) Apache Spark

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (10.05%) Apache Spark
2 44 (4.81%) SharePoint
3 33 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
4 29 (3.17%) Confluence
5 20 (2.19%) IIS
6 19 (2.08%) SAS
7 14 (1.53%) Apache
8 11 (1.20%) WebLogic
9 9 (0.98%) Apache Airflow
10 7 (0.77%) MS Exchange
10 7 (0.77%) Oracle Workflow
11 6 (0.66%) CMS
11 6 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 6 (0.66%) WebLogic Integration
12 4 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
12 4 (0.44%) JBoss
12 4 (0.44%) SharePoint 2013
12 4 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
12 4 (0.44%) Tomcat
12 4 (0.44%) WebSphere
Applications
1 69 (7.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (1.97%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (0.77%) MS Visio
3 7 (0.77%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.22%) SPSS
5 1 (0.11%) InfoPath
5 1 (0.11%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.11%) Stata
Business Applications
1 15 (1.64%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.98%) Dynamics NAV
3 7 (0.77%) Oracle Financials
4 6 (0.66%) Oracle Assets
4 6 (0.66%) Oracle Cash Management
4 6 (0.66%) Oracle FAH
4 6 (0.66%) Oracle General Ledger
4 6 (0.66%) Oracle Internet Expenses
4 6 (0.66%) Oracle Payables
4 6 (0.66%) Oracle Receivables
4 6 (0.66%) Unit4 Business World
5 5 (0.55%) Oracle ERP
5 5 (0.55%) Oracle iProcurement
5 5 (0.55%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 5 (0.55%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
5 5 (0.55%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.55%) SAP ERP
6 4 (0.44%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.33%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 243 (26.56%) Azure
2 124 (13.55%) AWS
3 108 (11.80%) Power Platform
4 65 (7.10%) GCP
5 50 (5.46%) Office 365
6 38 (4.15%) Serverless
7 29 (3.17%) Azure Active Directory
8 28 (3.06%) Azure Data Factory
9 22 (2.40%) PaaS
10 16 (1.75%) GitHub
11 15 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (1.31%) IaaS
13 10 (1.09%) Amazon S3
13 10 (1.09%) Amazon SageMaker
14 9 (0.98%) Amazon EC2
14 9 (0.98%) Azure Functions
14 9 (0.98%) Data Lake Analytics
14 9 (0.98%) npm
14 9 (0.98%) SaaS
15 8 (0.87%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 27 (2.95%) Firewall
2 17 (1.86%) Internet
3 16 (1.75%) DNS
4 8 (0.87%) MPLS
5 7 (0.77%) IP Telephony
6 6 (0.66%) DHCP
6 6 (0.66%) LAN
6 6 (0.66%) SAN
6 6 (0.66%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.66%) WAN
7 5 (0.55%) HTTP
8 4 (0.44%) FTP
8 4 (0.44%) Intranet
8 4 (0.44%) Intrusion Detection
9 3 (0.33%) Skype
9 3 (0.33%) VPN
10 2 (0.22%) Remote Desktop
10 2 (0.22%) Reverse Proxy
10 2 (0.22%) SSH
10 2 (0.22%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 274 (29.95%) SQL Server
2 154 (16.83%) Data Warehouse
3 144 (15.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 104 (11.37%) Power BI
5 102 (11.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 98 (10.71%) Big Data
7 88 (9.62%) Hadoop
8 75 (8.20%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 71 (7.76%) NoSQL
10 65 (7.10%) Azure SQL Database
11 57 (6.23%) PostgreSQL
12 56 (6.12%) Apache Hive
13 53 (5.79%) Data Lake
14 52 (5.68%) Relational Database
15 43 (4.70%) MySQL
16 41 (4.48%) Cosmos DB
17 31 (3.39%) OLAP
18 30 (3.28%) Star Schema
19 29 (3.17%) Oracle Database
19 29 (3.17%) Redis
Development Applications
1 75 (8.20%) Git (software)
2 58 (6.34%) JIRA
3 50 (5.46%) Jenkins
4 31 (3.39%) Team Foundation Server
5 29 (3.17%) TeamCity
5 29 (3.17%) Visual Studio
6 19 (2.08%) Selenium
7 18 (1.97%) Eclipse
8 16 (1.75%) Cucumber
9 14 (1.53%) Octopus Deploy
9 14 (1.53%) Visual Studio Team System
10 13 (1.42%) Maven
11 10 (1.09%) JUnit
11 10 (1.09%) SpecFlow
12 9 (0.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 9 (0.98%) gulp
12 9 (0.98%) Subversion
13 8 (0.87%) Bitbucket
13 8 (0.87%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
14 7 (0.77%) Travis CI
General
1 297 (32.46%) Finance
2 125 (13.66%) Banking
3 49 (5.36%) Front Office
4 33 (3.61%) Investment Banking
5 29 (3.17%) Retail
6 20 (2.19%) Financial Institution
7 16 (1.75%) Back Office
7 16 (1.75%) Public Sector
8 14 (1.53%) Legal
9 10 (1.09%) Law
9 10 (1.09%) Retail Banking
10 9 (0.98%) Marketing
11 7 (0.77%) Publishing
12 6 (0.66%) Advertising
12 6 (0.66%) Games
12 6 (0.66%) International Banking
13 4 (0.44%) Telecoms
14 3 (0.33%) General Ledger
15 2 (0.22%) Billing
15 2 (0.22%) Environmental Health
Job Titles
1 409 (44.70%) Developer
2 125 (13.66%) Analyst
3 94 (10.27%) SQL Developer
4 86 (9.40%) Data Engineer
5 60 (6.56%) Business Intelligence Developer
6 56 (6.12%) Java Developer
7 55 (6.01%) .NET Developer
8 49 (5.36%) Architect
8 49 (5.36%) C# Developer
9 48 (5.25%) Senior Developer
10 44 (4.81%) Azure Engineer
11 37 (4.04%) Data Analyst
11 37 (4.04%) DevOps Engineer
12 32 (3.50%) DBA
12 32 (3.50%) Python Developer
13 30 (3.28%) SQL Analyst
14 29 (3.17%) Azure Developer
15 28 (3.06%) Business Analyst
16 27 (2.95%) Hadoop Engineer
17 26 (2.84%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 170 (18.58%) .NET
2 80 (8.74%) AngularJS
3 75 (8.20%) Kafka
4 55 (6.01%) Spring
5 54 (5.90%) Web Services
6 49 (5.36%) XML
7 48 (5.25%) HTML
8 47 (5.14%) .NET Core
9 46 (5.03%) RESTful
10 45 (4.92%) REST
11 42 (4.59%) CSS
12 38 (4.15%) .NET Framework
12 38 (4.15%) React
13 37 (4.04%) JSON
14 29 (3.17%) ASP.NET Web API
15 27 (2.95%) ASP.NET
16 26 (2.84%) Play Framework
17 24 (2.62%) Node.js
18 23 (2.51%) PySpark
18 23 (2.51%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 71 (7.76%) Analytical Skills
2 50 (5.46%) Greenfield Project
3 29 (3.17%) Data Structures
4 24 (2.62%) Reinsurance
5 23 (2.51%) Algorithms
6 18 (1.97%) Equities
7 15 (1.64%) Derivative
8 12 (1.31%) Fixed Income
8 12 (1.31%) Public Cloud
8 12 (1.31%) Replication
9 11 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
9 11 (1.20%) User Experience
10 10 (1.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 10 (1.09%) Hedge funds
11 9 (0.98%) Cloud Native
12 8 (0.87%) Clustering
12 8 (0.87%) Data Centre
12 8 (0.87%) Linux Command Line
12 8 (0.87%) Self-Motivation
13 7 (0.77%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 85 (9.29%) Linux
2 74 (8.09%) Windows
3 49 (5.36%) Unix
4 24 (2.62%) Windows Server
5 10 (1.09%) Windows Server 2008
6 8 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.77%) Solaris
7 7 (0.77%) Windows 10
8 5 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (0.44%) Android
9 4 (0.44%) Apple iOS
9 4 (0.44%) CentOS
9 4 (0.44%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.33%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.22%) Debian
11 2 (0.22%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.22%) SUSE
11 2 (0.22%) VMS
11 2 (0.22%) Windows 8
12 1 (0.11%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 252 (27.54%) Agile Software Development
2 171 (18.69%) Business Intelligence
3 162 (17.70%) ETL
4 141 (15.41%) Data Modelling
5 127 (13.88%) Analytics
6 123 (13.44%) TDD
7 117 (12.79%) DevOps
8 95 (10.38%) Migration
9 92 (10.05%) Microservices
10 87 (9.51%) Data Science
11 64 (6.99%) Test Automation
12 61 (6.67%) Problem-Solving
13 59 (6.45%) Data Analysis
14 57 (6.23%) Machine Learning
15 55 (6.01%) Continuous Integration
15 55 (6.01%) Scrum
16 48 (5.25%) OO
17 47 (5.14%) Software Engineering
18 43 (4.70%) BDD
18 43 (4.70%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 216 (23.61%) Python
2 170 (18.58%) C#
3 165 (18.03%) Java
4 112 (12.24%) JavaScript
5 110 (12.02%) T-SQL
6 80 (8.74%) PowerShell
7 66 (7.21%) Scala
8 39 (4.26%) PL/SQL
9 33 (3.61%) VBA
10 31 (3.39%) R
11 29 (3.17%) Perl
12 28 (3.06%) Ruby
13 24 (2.62%) Bash Shell
14 23 (2.51%) TypeScript
15 22 (2.40%) C++
15 22 (2.40%) VB
16 19 (2.08%) Java 8
17 16 (1.75%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
18 15 (1.64%) Shell Script
19 12 (1.31%) PHP
Qualifications
1 41 (4.48%) Degree
2 36 (3.93%) Security Cleared
3 32 (3.50%) SC Cleared
4 11 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
6 5 (0.55%) PhD
7 4 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.33%) HNC
8 3 (0.33%) HND
8 3 (0.33%) ISEB
8 3 (0.33%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.33%) MCP
9 2 (0.22%) DV Cleared
9 2 (0.22%) MCSE
10 1 (0.11%) CISSP
10 1 (0.11%) IIBA
10 1 (0.11%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.11%) MCDBA
10 1 (0.11%) MCSA
10 1 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (6.01%) Data Quality
2 31 (3.39%) QA
3 8 (0.87%) GDPR
4 6 (0.66%) MiFID
4 6 (0.66%) Solvency II
5 5 (0.55%) SLA
6 4 (0.44%) IFRS
7 3 (0.33%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.11%) Basel III
8 1 (0.11%) COREP
8 1 (0.11%) EMIR
8 1 (0.11%) FINREP
8 1 (0.11%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 114 (12.46%) Docker
2 53 (5.79%) Active Directory
3 13 (1.42%) HDFS
4 12 (1.31%) Oracle RAC
5 8 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.77%) VMware Infrastructure
7 5 (0.55%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.44%) vSphere
9 3 (0.33%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.33%) XenApp
10 2 (0.22%) KVM
10 2 (0.22%) RHEV
11 1 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.11%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 1 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.11%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.11%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 91 (9.95%) Kubernetes
2 28 (3.06%) SCCM
3 25 (2.73%) Oozie
4 23 (2.51%) Terraform
5 17 (1.86%) Microsoft Intune
6 15 (1.64%) Ansible
6 15 (1.64%) Hadoop YARN
7 14 (1.53%) Marathon
7 14 (1.53%) Mesos
8 8 (0.87%) Puppet
9 7 (0.77%) Data Guard
10 6 (0.66%) Microsoft Clustering
10 6 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
11 5 (0.55%) Istio
12 4 (0.44%) SCOrch
12 4 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.33%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 3 (0.33%) Salt
13 3 (0.33%) SCOM
14 2 (0.22%) Check_MK
Vendors
1 176 (19.23%) Microsoft
2 105 (11.48%) Oracle
3 57 (6.23%) Tableau
4 42 (4.59%) Google
5 20 (2.19%) Sybase
6 14 (1.53%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.42%) VMware
8 12 (1.31%) Citrix
9 11 (1.20%) Alteryx
10 10 (1.09%) Informatica
11 9 (0.98%) SAP
12 8 (0.87%) CODA
12 8 (0.87%) Cognos
12 8 (0.87%) IBM
13 7 (0.77%) Cloudera
13 7 (0.77%) MuleSoft
13 7 (0.77%) Sitecore
14 6 (0.66%) Bloomberg
14 6 (0.66%) Kofax
15 5 (0.55%) Atlassian