Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 10 7 6
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 565 476 398
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 13.12% 15.23% 14.63%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.04% 32.58% 29.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 407 350 303
10th Percentile £440 £407 £363
25th Percentile £500 £481 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £588 £575 £500
Median % change year-on-year +2.17% +15.12% -0.10%
75th Percentile £700 £644 £575
90th Percentile £775 £750 £650
Central London median daily rate £580 £563 £500
% change year-on-year +3.11% +12.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 5 4
10th Percentile £35.25 £23.54 £24.48
25th Percentile £43.25 £26.25 £25.94
Median hourly rate £53.50 £32.00 £33.00
Median % change year-on-year +67.19% -3.03% -5.71%
75th Percentile £63.75 £37.75 £39.25
90th Percentile £68.15 - -
Central London median hourly rate £53.50 £27.50 £33.68
% change year-on-year +94.55% -18.34% -3.79%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,881 1,461 1,334
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 43.66% 46.75% 49.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,432 1,119 1,043
10th Percentile £425 £394 £375
25th Percentile £500 £463 £447
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £575 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% -
75th Percentile £719 £661 £625
90th Percentile £813 £738 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £575 £525
% change year-on-year +4.35% +9.52% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 7 10
10th Percentile £36.25 £23.84 £23.02
25th Percentile £42.75 £25.75 £28.25
Median hourly rate £52.50 £32.00 £38.50
Median % change year-on-year +64.06% -16.88% +79.07%
75th Percentile £58.50 £36.38 £55.19
90th Percentile £69.35 £37.75 £57.88
Central London median hourly rate £52.50 £25.50 £38.50
% change year-on-year +105.88% -33.77% +75.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 29 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Moorgate - 1 £565 -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 224 (39.65%) Finance
2 184 (32.57%) Agile
3 152 (26.90%) Python
4 138 (24.42%) Social Skills
5 136 (24.07%) Azure
6 128 (22.65%) SQL Server
7 122 (21.59%) Java
8 121 (21.42%) Oracle
9 108 (19.12%) C#
10 107 (18.94%) .NET
11 95 (16.81%) Banking
12 90 (15.93%) ETL
13 89 (15.75%) Analytical Skills
14 87 (15.40%) AWS
15 80 (14.16%) DevOps
16 76 (13.45%) JavaScript
17 74 (13.10%) Data Warehouse
18 73 (12.92%) Microsoft
18 73 (12.92%) CI/CD
19 72 (12.74%) Linux
20 68 (12.04%) Business Intelligence
21 66 (11.68%) Windows
22 64 (11.33%) Microservices
23 63 (11.15%) NoSQL
24 59 (10.44%) Front Office
25 58 (10.27%) Analytics
25 58 (10.27%) Power Platform
26 56 (9.91%) Test Automation
26 56 (9.91%) HTML
27 55 (9.73%) Docker

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (5.66%) Apache Spark
2 19 (3.36%) Confluence
3 16 (2.83%) SharePoint
4 14 (2.48%) Apache Airflow
5 11 (1.95%) Oracle Workflow
6 10 (1.77%) Tomcat
7 9 (1.59%) Apache Pig
8 8 (1.42%) Apache
9 5 (0.88%) CMS
9 5 (0.88%) IIS
9 5 (0.88%) Luigi
9 5 (0.88%) WebLogic
10 4 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
10 4 (0.71%) Oracle Coherence
11 3 (0.53%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (0.53%) SAS
12 2 (0.35%) JBoss
12 2 (0.35%) Jupyter
12 2 (0.35%) SharePoint Server
12 2 (0.35%) WebSphere
Applications
1 30 (5.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (2.48%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.18%) InfoPath
4 1 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.18%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 8 (1.42%) Oracle Cash Management
2 6 (1.06%) Oracle Receivables
3 5 (0.88%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.71%) Actimize
5 2 (0.35%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.35%) FINCAD Analytics
5 2 (0.35%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.35%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 2 (0.35%) PeopleSoft HRMS
5 2 (0.35%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.35%) TIBCO iProcess
6 1 (0.18%) Eikon
6 1 (0.18%) Fidessa
6 1 (0.18%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.18%) Oracle Utilities
6 1 (0.18%) Orchestrade
6 1 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 136 (24.07%) Azure
2 87 (15.40%) AWS
3 58 (10.27%) Power Platform
4 31 (5.49%) Serverless
5 29 (5.13%) GCP
6 25 (4.42%) Azure DevOps
7 22 (3.89%) Amazon EC2
7 22 (3.89%) Azure Data Factory
8 18 (3.19%) Amazon S3
9 17 (3.01%) GitHub
9 17 (3.01%) PaaS
10 16 (2.83%) SaaS
11 14 (2.48%) AWS Lambda
11 14 (2.48%) IaaS
11 14 (2.48%) Microsoft 365
12 12 (2.12%) Azure Active Directory
12 12 (2.12%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 12 (2.12%) Dynamics 365
12 12 (2.12%) Snowflake
13 11 (1.95%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 15 (2.65%) HTTP
2 14 (2.48%) Internet
3 11 (1.95%) SSL
4 10 (1.77%) DNS
4 10 (1.77%) HTTPS
5 7 (1.24%) Firewall
5 7 (1.24%) SSH
6 5 (0.88%) TCP/IP
7 4 (0.71%) SAN
8 3 (0.53%) Network Security
8 3 (0.53%) Wireless
9 2 (0.35%) DHCP
9 2 (0.35%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.35%) LAN
9 2 (0.35%) Multicast
9 2 (0.35%) VoIP
9 2 (0.35%) WAN
10 1 (0.18%) Cisco ASA
10 1 (0.18%) Cisco Nexus
10 1 (0.18%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 128 (22.65%) SQL Server
2 74 (13.10%) Data Warehouse
3 63 (11.15%) NoSQL
4 50 (8.85%) Power BI
5 47 (8.32%) Relational Database
6 35 (6.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 31 (5.49%) Big Data
8 25 (4.42%) PostgreSQL
9 24 (4.25%) Oracle Database
9 24 (4.25%) RDBMS
9 24 (4.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 18 (3.19%) Data Lake
11 17 (3.01%) MongoDB
11 17 (3.01%) MySQL
12 16 (2.83%) Hadoop
12 16 (2.83%) Tableau
13 15 (2.65%) DB2
14 14 (2.48%) Amazon RDS
14 14 (2.48%) Azure SQL Database
15 13 (2.30%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 54 (9.56%) Git (software)
2 52 (9.20%) JIRA
3 32 (5.66%) TeamCity
4 29 (5.13%) Jenkins
5 25 (4.42%) Cucumber
6 18 (3.19%) NUnit
6 18 (3.19%) Selenium
7 17 (3.01%) Eclipse
8 16 (2.83%) Moq
9 15 (2.65%) JMeter
10 11 (1.95%) Maven
11 10 (1.77%) Bitbucket
11 10 (1.77%) GitLab
11 10 (1.77%) IntelliJ
12 7 (1.24%) Gradle
13 6 (1.06%) Postman
13 6 (1.06%) Visual Studio
14 5 (0.88%) git-flow
14 5 (0.88%) SoapUI
14 5 (0.88%) SonarQube
General
1 224 (39.65%) Finance
2 138 (24.42%) Social Skills
3 95 (16.81%) Banking
4 89 (15.75%) Analytical Skills
5 59 (10.44%) Front Office
6 37 (6.55%) Financial Institution
7 34 (6.02%) Legal
8 32 (5.66%) Investment Banking
9 16 (2.83%) Back Office
10 11 (1.95%) Public Sector
11 9 (1.59%) Retail
11 9 (1.59%) Spanish Language
12 8 (1.42%) Advertising
12 8 (1.42%) Influencing Skills
12 8 (1.42%) Organisational Skills
13 7 (1.24%) Marketing
14 5 (0.88%) Documentation Skills
14 5 (0.88%) Law
15 4 (0.71%) International Banking
15 4 (0.71%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 225 (39.82%) Developer
2 114 (20.18%) Analyst
3 52 (9.20%) .NET Developer
4 48 (8.50%) Data Engineer
5 45 (7.96%) C# Developer
6 42 (7.43%) Senior Developer
7 37 (6.55%) SQL Developer
8 33 (5.84%) Architect
9 32 (5.66%) Business Analyst
10 28 (4.96%) Data Analyst
11 26 (4.60%) Java Developer
12 25 (4.42%) Front Office Developer
13 22 (3.89%) Full Stack Developer
14 20 (3.54%) Consultant
14 20 (3.54%) Senior .NET Developer
14 20 (3.54%) Software Engineer
15 18 (3.19%) Azure Developer
15 18 (3.19%) C# .NET Developer
16 17 (3.01%) Solutions Architect
17 14 (2.48%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 107 (18.94%) .NET
2 56 (9.91%) HTML
3 54 (9.56%) RESTful
4 46 (8.14%) CSS
4 46 (8.14%) REST
5 42 (7.43%) Kafka
6 38 (6.73%) AngularJS
6 38 (6.73%) ASP.NET
7 37 (6.55%) XML
8 29 (5.13%) .NET Core
8 29 (5.13%) Spring
8 29 (5.13%) Web Services
9 26 (4.60%) React
10 25 (4.42%) ASP.NET Web API
10 25 (4.42%) Node.js
11 24 (4.25%) .NET Framework
11 24 (4.25%) HTML5
12 23 (4.07%) Middleware
13 21 (3.72%) RabbitMQ
14 20 (3.54%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 32 (5.66%) Hedge funds
2 26 (4.60%) Derivative
3 22 (3.89%) Self-Motivation
4 20 (3.54%) Fixed Income
5 17 (3.01%) User Experience
6 16 (2.83%) Data Structures
7 15 (2.65%) Algorithms
7 15 (2.65%) Enterprise Software
7 15 (2.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 13 (2.30%) Greenfield Project
9 12 (2.12%) Virtual Team
10 11 (1.95%) Equities
11 10 (1.77%) Credit Risk
11 10 (1.77%) Linux Command Line
11 10 (1.77%) Reinsurance
12 9 (1.59%) iSeries
12 9 (1.59%) Social Media
13 8 (1.42%) Cloud Native
14 7 (1.24%) Market Risk
14 7 (1.24%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 72 (12.74%) Linux
2 66 (11.68%) Windows
3 40 (7.08%) Unix
4 20 (3.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 8 (1.42%) Windows Server
6 6 (1.06%) Ubuntu
6 6 (1.06%) Windows Server 2016
7 5 (0.88%) Debian
8 4 (0.71%) VMS
8 4 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.35%) Android
9 2 (0.35%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.35%) Mesosphere
9 2 (0.35%) Solaris
9 2 (0.35%) Windows Server 2019
10 1 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.18%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 184 (32.57%) Agile
2 90 (15.93%) ETL
3 80 (14.16%) DevOps
4 73 (12.92%) CI/CD
5 68 (12.04%) Business Intelligence
6 64 (11.33%) Microservices
7 58 (10.27%) Analytics
8 56 (9.91%) Test Automation
9 55 (9.73%) Problem-Solving
10 48 (8.50%) Continuous Integration
11 44 (7.79%) Scrum
12 40 (7.08%) Migration
13 39 (6.90%) TDD
14 37 (6.55%) Data Modelling
14 37 (6.55%) Workflow
15 36 (6.37%) OO
16 34 (6.02%) Software Engineering
17 31 (5.49%) Data Protection
17 31 (5.49%) Full Stack Development
18 30 (5.31%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 152 (26.90%) Python
2 122 (21.59%) Java
3 108 (19.12%) C#
4 76 (13.45%) JavaScript
5 35 (6.19%) PL/SQL
6 23 (4.07%) T-SQL
7 20 (3.54%) PowerShell
8 19 (3.36%) C++
9 17 (3.01%) Scala
9 17 (3.01%) TypeScript
10 15 (2.65%) Shell Script
11 14 (2.48%) R
12 13 (2.30%) VBA
13 12 (2.12%) Perl
14 10 (1.77%) Bash
14 10 (1.77%) C
14 10 (1.77%) PHP
15 6 (1.06%) Go
15 6 (1.06%) VB.NET
16 4 (0.71%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 30 (5.31%) Degree
2 18 (3.19%) Security Cleared
3 17 (3.01%) SC Cleared
4 13 (2.30%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (0.71%) CISSP
5 4 (0.71%) Numerate Degree
6 3 (0.53%) GIAC
7 2 (0.35%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.35%) CEH
7 2 (0.35%) CSSLP
7 2 (0.35%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.35%) PhD
7 2 (0.35%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.18%) CBAP
8 1 (0.18%) IIBA
8 1 (0.18%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.18%) OSCP
8 1 (0.18%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (6.19%) QA
2 31 (5.49%) GDPR
3 21 (3.72%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.71%) Accessibility
4 4 (0.71%) PMO
5 3 (0.53%) EMIR
5 3 (0.53%) MiFID
6 2 (0.35%) Actionable Recommendations
6 2 (0.35%) COREP
6 2 (0.35%) IFRS
6 2 (0.35%) IFRS 17
6 2 (0.35%) SLA
7 1 (0.18%) CDISC
7 1 (0.18%) FINREP
7 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.18%) LOINC
7 1 (0.18%) SNOMED CT
7 1 (0.18%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.18%) WCAG
System Software
1 55 (9.73%) Docker
2 23 (4.07%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.71%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.53%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.18%) Firmware
6 1 (0.18%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.18%) NFS
6 1 (0.18%) Platform Symphony
6 1 (0.18%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.18%) VMware Server
6 1 (0.18%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 33 (5.84%) Kubernetes
2 23 (4.07%) Ansible
3 12 (2.12%) Terraform
4 4 (0.71%) ITRS Geneos
5 3 (0.53%) Data Guard
5 3 (0.53%) Microsoft Intune
5 3 (0.53%) Nessus
5 3 (0.53%) Oozie
5 3 (0.53%) Oracle RMAN
5 3 (0.53%) SCOM
6 2 (0.35%) HP Fortify
6 2 (0.35%) HP Quality Center
6 2 (0.35%) Kibana
6 2 (0.35%) logstash
6 2 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.35%) SCCM
6 2 (0.35%) SCSM
6 2 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (0.35%) WebInspect
7 1 (0.18%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 121 (21.42%) Oracle
2 73 (12.92%) Microsoft
3 20 (3.54%) Databricks
4 19 (3.36%) Red Hat
4 19 (3.36%) TIBCO
5 17 (3.01%) Google
6 16 (2.83%) Informatica
6 16 (2.83%) Salesforce.com
7 14 (2.48%) IBM
7 14 (2.48%) Splunk
8 12 (2.12%) SAP
9 8 (1.42%) Confluent
9 8 (1.42%) MuleSoft
9 8 (1.42%) Sybase
10 7 (1.24%) Actuate
10 7 (1.24%) Brio
11 6 (1.06%) Cloudera
11 6 (1.06%) F5
12 5 (0.88%) Atlassian
12 5 (0.88%) BiZZdesign