Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 5 6 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 687 319 692
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 17.11% 15.13% 14.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 35.23% 30.44% 29.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 557 234 553
10th Percentile £363 £305 £363
25th Percentile £500 £413 £415
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £570 £506 £500
Median % change year-on-year +12.59% +1.25% -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £575
90th Percentile £725 £674 £650
Central London median daily rate £570 £500 £495
% change year-on-year +14.00% +1.01% -1.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 3 3
10th Percentile £41.75 - £21.83
25th Percentile £48.00 £12.75 £22.83
Median hourly rate £54.75 £13.50 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +305.56% -46.00% -32.60%
75th Percentile £61.56 £25.75 £25.50
90th Percentile £69.63 £32.65 -
Central London median hourly rate £54.75 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +119.00% - -32.60%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,950 1,048 2,342
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.57% 49.69% 48.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,541 815 1,891
10th Percentile £413 £360 £388
25th Percentile £500 £431 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £688 £638 £625
90th Percentile £775 £700 £688
Central London median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 4 13
10th Percentile £43.45 - £21.00
25th Percentile £48.00 £12.75 £21.17
Median hourly rate £59.25 £13.75 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +330.91% -71.05% +28.07%
75th Percentile £66.25 £20.00 £52.25
90th Percentile £77.63 £30.35 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £59.25 £14.00 £36.25
% change year-on-year +323.21% -61.38% -2.26%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London Bridge -3 4 £625 +4.17%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 236 (34.35%) Finance
2 173 (25.18%) Agile Software Development
3 165 (24.02%) Business Intelligence
4 158 (23.00%) SQL Server
5 144 (20.96%) Python
6 142 (20.67%) C#
6 142 (20.67%) Java
6 142 (20.67%) Azure
7 141 (20.52%) Social Skills
8 123 (17.90%) Power Platform
9 118 (17.18%) .NET
9 118 (17.18%) Banking
10 117 (17.03%) Power BI
11 114 (16.59%) Analytics
12 107 (15.57%) Data Warehouse
13 104 (15.14%) Oracle
14 102 (14.85%) Microsoft
15 98 (14.26%) ETL
16 97 (14.12%) AWS
17 96 (13.97%) DevOps
18 93 (13.54%) Analytical Skills
19 83 (12.08%) Software Engineering
20 82 (11.94%) Windows
21 81 (11.79%) Microsoft Excel
22 76 (11.06%) NoSQL
23 74 (10.77%) Visualisation
24 70 (10.19%) Data Analysis
25 63 (9.17%) Problem-Solving
26 62 (9.02%) CI/CD
26 62 (9.02%) T-SQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (4.08%) SharePoint
2 27 (3.93%) Apache Spark
3 17 (2.47%) Confluence
4 13 (1.89%) WebLogic
5 12 (1.75%) IIS
6 7 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
6 7 (1.02%) SAS
7 6 (0.87%) Apache
8 5 (0.73%) CMS
9 3 (0.44%) NServiceBus
10 2 (0.29%) Apache Pig
10 2 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2007
10 2 (0.29%) Exchange Server 2013
10 2 (0.29%) MS Exchange
10 2 (0.29%) Oracle Coherence
10 2 (0.29%) Oracle Workflow
10 2 (0.29%) Skype for Business
10 2 (0.29%) Tornado
11 1 (0.15%) ArcGIS
11 1 (0.15%) Jetty
Applications
1 81 (11.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (1.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.73%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.29%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.15%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.15%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 12 (1.75%) TIBCO iProcess
2 4 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.58%) SunGard Martini
3 2 (0.29%) Orchestrade
4 1 (0.15%) Bloomberg TOMS
4 1 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.15%) CA PPM
4 1 (0.15%) FINCAD Analytics
4 1 (0.15%) IBM Planning Analytics
4 1 (0.15%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.15%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 142 (20.67%) Azure
2 123 (17.90%) Power Platform
3 97 (14.12%) AWS
4 32 (4.66%) Serverless
5 27 (3.93%) GCP
6 25 (3.64%) GitHub
7 24 (3.49%) AWS Lambda
8 17 (2.47%) Azure Data Factory
8 17 (2.47%) Microsoft 365
9 16 (2.33%) Amazon S3
9 16 (2.33%) Collibra
10 14 (2.04%) PaaS
11 12 (1.75%) Azure Service Bus
11 12 (1.75%) SaaS
12 11 (1.60%) Azure Active Directory
12 11 (1.60%) Snowflake
13 9 (1.31%) Dynamics 365
13 9 (1.31%) PowerApps
14 8 (1.16%) Amazon EC2
15 7 (1.02%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 24 (3.49%) HTTP
2 18 (2.62%) HTTPS
3 11 (1.60%) Internet
4 10 (1.46%) TCP/IP
5 9 (1.31%) DNS
6 8 (1.16%) LAN
7 4 (0.58%) SAN
8 3 (0.44%) DHCP
8 3 (0.44%) Firewall
8 3 (0.44%) Intranet
8 3 (0.44%) WAN
9 2 (0.29%) FIX Connectivity
9 2 (0.29%) iSCSI
9 2 (0.29%) NAS
9 2 (0.29%) Skype
9 2 (0.29%) Structured Cabling
9 2 (0.29%) VLAN
9 2 (0.29%) WebEx
9 2 (0.29%) Wireless
9 2 (0.29%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 158 (23.00%) SQL Server
2 117 (17.03%) Power BI
3 107 (15.57%) Data Warehouse
4 76 (11.06%) NoSQL
5 57 (8.30%) Tableau
6 48 (6.99%) Oracle Database
7 46 (6.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 43 (6.26%) Relational Database
9 41 (5.97%) Qlik Sense
10 37 (5.39%) QlikView
11 36 (5.24%) Big Data
12 29 (4.22%) RDBMS
13 28 (4.08%) MongoDB
14 23 (3.35%) Hadoop
15 22 (3.20%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 22 (3.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 21 (3.06%) Data Lake
17 20 (2.91%) PostgreSQL
18 15 (2.18%) Azure SQL Database
18 15 (2.18%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 53 (7.71%) JIRA
2 46 (6.70%) Git (software)
3 33 (4.80%) Jenkins
3 33 (4.80%) Visual Studio
4 24 (3.49%) Selenium
5 22 (3.20%) Team Foundation Server
6 21 (3.06%) Cucumber
7 18 (2.62%) JMeter
8 15 (2.18%) GitLab
9 14 (2.04%) TeamCity
10 12 (1.75%) Octopus Deploy
11 11 (1.60%) Subversion
12 10 (1.46%) SpecFlow
13 8 (1.16%) Maven
14 7 (1.02%) LoadRunner
15 6 (0.87%) NUnit
15 6 (0.87%) Zephyr
16 5 (0.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 5 (0.73%) WebDriver
17 4 (0.58%) Bitbucket
General
1 236 (34.35%) Finance
2 141 (20.52%) Social Skills
3 118 (17.18%) Banking
4 93 (13.54%) Analytical Skills
5 57 (8.30%) Investment Banking
6 45 (6.55%) Front Office
7 16 (2.33%) Public Sector
8 15 (2.18%) Financial Institution
9 14 (2.04%) Legal
10 12 (1.75%) Law
10 12 (1.75%) Presentation Skills
11 11 (1.60%) Marketing
12 9 (1.31%) Back Office
12 9 (1.31%) Documentation Skills
12 9 (1.31%) International Banking
13 7 (1.02%) Retail
14 5 (0.73%) Influencing Skills
14 5 (0.73%) Organisational Skills
15 3 (0.44%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.44%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 236 (34.35%) Developer
2 209 (30.42%) Analyst
3 67 (9.75%) Business Analyst
4 64 (9.32%) C# Developer
5 61 (8.88%) Data Analyst
6 50 (7.28%) Data Engineer
7 45 (6.55%) SQL Developer
8 42 (6.11%) Business Intelligence Analyst
8 42 (6.11%) Java Developer
9 38 (5.53%) SQL Analyst
10 37 (5.39%) Data Business Analyst
11 34 (4.95%) .NET Developer
11 34 (4.95%) Insurance Business Analyst
12 33 (4.80%) Senior Developer
13 30 (4.37%) Business Intelligence Business Analyst
13 30 (4.37%) Software Engineer
14 29 (4.22%) Architect
15 27 (3.93%) Applications Support
15 27 (3.93%) Support Analyst
16 23 (3.35%) Applications Support Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 118 (17.18%) .NET
2 57 (8.30%) REST
3 46 (6.70%) .NET Framework
4 45 (6.55%) XML
5 38 (5.53%) Kafka
6 29 (4.22%) HTML
7 27 (3.93%) Spring
7 27 (3.93%) Spring Boot
8 26 (3.78%) JSON
9 24 (3.49%) ASP.NET
9 24 (3.49%) SOAP
10 23 (3.35%) .NET Core
11 21 (3.06%) AngularJS
12 20 (2.91%) CSS
12 20 (2.91%) React
12 20 (2.91%) RESTful
13 18 (2.62%) Hibernate
14 17 (2.47%) Web Services
15 16 (2.33%) FIX Protocol
16 14 (2.04%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 30 (4.37%) Fixed Income
2 26 (3.78%) Derivative
3 19 (2.77%) Equities
4 17 (2.47%) Management Information System
5 15 (2.18%) Reinsurance
6 13 (1.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 13 (1.89%) Hedge funds
6 13 (1.89%) User Experience
7 12 (1.75%) Legacy Systems
8 11 (1.60%) Algorithms
8 11 (1.60%) Virtual Team
9 10 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
9 10 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
10 6 (0.87%) Credit Risk
10 6 (0.87%) Data Centre
10 6 (0.87%) Data Structures
10 6 (0.87%) iSeries
10 6 (0.87%) Legacy Applications
10 6 (0.87%) Reference Data
11 5 (0.73%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 82 (11.94%) Windows
2 52 (7.57%) Linux
3 29 (4.22%) Unix
4 25 (3.64%) Windows Server
5 13 (1.89%) Windows Server 2012
6 12 (1.75%) Mesosphere
7 11 (1.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (1.46%) Windows Server 2008
9 9 (1.31%) Windows Server 2016
10 6 (0.87%) Windows Server 2019
11 3 (0.44%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.29%) AIX
12 2 (0.29%) CentOS
12 2 (0.29%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.29%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.29%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.29%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.15%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 173 (25.18%) Agile Software Development
2 165 (24.02%) Business Intelligence
3 114 (16.59%) Analytics
4 98 (14.26%) ETL
5 96 (13.97%) DevOps
6 83 (12.08%) Software Engineering
7 74 (10.77%) Visualisation
8 70 (10.19%) Data Analysis
9 63 (9.17%) Problem-Solving
10 62 (9.02%) CI/CD
10 62 (9.02%) Data Modelling
11 61 (8.88%) Data Visualisation
12 52 (7.57%) Scrum
13 51 (7.42%) Migration
14 48 (6.99%) Microservices
15 47 (6.84%) Software Testing
16 45 (6.55%) Data Management
17 43 (6.26%) Continuous Integration
18 42 (6.11%) SDLC
19 41 (5.97%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 144 (20.96%) Python
2 142 (20.67%) C#
2 142 (20.67%) Java
3 62 (9.02%) T-SQL
4 49 (7.13%) JavaScript
5 43 (6.26%) VBA
6 38 (5.53%) PL/SQL
7 33 (4.80%) VB
8 32 (4.66%) VB.NET
9 27 (3.93%) PowerShell
10 25 (3.64%) C
11 24 (3.49%) R
12 22 (3.20%) Shell Script
13 19 (2.77%) C++
14 13 (1.89%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 11 (1.60%) TypeScript
16 9 (1.31%) Perl
17 8 (1.16%) PHP
17 8 (1.16%) Scala
18 6 (0.87%) Erlang
Qualifications
1 44 (6.40%) Degree
2 24 (3.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 20 (2.91%) Security Cleared
4 17 (2.47%) SC Cleared
5 7 (1.02%) Numerate Degree
6 6 (0.87%) ISTQB
6 6 (0.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 6 (0.87%) ITIL Certification
6 6 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (0.58%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.58%) MCITP
7 4 (0.58%) MCTS
8 3 (0.44%) PhD
9 2 (0.29%) CEH
9 2 (0.29%) CISSP
9 2 (0.29%) GIAC
9 2 (0.29%) ISEB
9 2 (0.29%) OCP
9 2 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
9 2 (0.29%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (7.86%) QA
2 36 (5.24%) Data Quality
3 14 (2.04%) GDPR
4 11 (1.60%) MiFID
5 9 (1.31%) EMIR
6 4 (0.58%) Actionable Recommendations
6 4 (0.58%) IFRS
6 4 (0.58%) Solvency II
7 3 (0.44%) PMO
7 3 (0.44%) SLA
8 2 (0.29%) Accessibility
8 2 (0.29%) COREP
8 2 (0.29%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.15%) CDISC
9 1 (0.15%) FINREP
9 1 (0.15%) IFRS 9
9 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.15%) LOINC
9 1 (0.15%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 52 (7.57%) Docker
2 29 (4.22%) Active Directory
3 7 (1.02%) Oracle RAC
3 7 (1.02%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.73%) Hyper-V
5 4 (0.58%) HDFS
5 4 (0.58%) vSphere
6 3 (0.44%) VMware NSX
7 2 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (0.29%) NFS
7 2 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.15%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 32 (4.66%) Terraform
2 21 (3.06%) Ansible
2 21 (3.06%) Kubernetes
3 6 (0.87%) Opscode Chef
4 5 (0.73%) Data Guard
5 4 (0.58%) Microsoft Clustering
5 4 (0.58%) SCCM
6 3 (0.44%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 3 (0.44%) Hadoop YARN
6 3 (0.44%) HP ALM
6 3 (0.44%) Microsoft Intune
6 3 (0.44%) Oracle RMAN
6 3 (0.44%) Puppet
6 3 (0.44%) vRealize
7 2 (0.29%) AirWatch
7 2 (0.29%) Ambari
7 2 (0.29%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
7 2 (0.29%) HP Fortify
7 2 (0.29%) Oozie
7 2 (0.29%) VxRail
Vendors
1 104 (15.14%) Oracle
2 102 (14.85%) Microsoft
3 18 (2.62%) IBM
4 16 (2.33%) Confluent
5 15 (2.18%) AppDynamics
5 15 (2.18%) TIBCO
6 14 (2.04%) Google
7 12 (1.75%) Informatica
8 10 (1.46%) Databricks
8 10 (1.46%) Red Hat
9 9 (1.31%) Alteryx
9 9 (1.31%) Talend
9 9 (1.31%) VMware
10 8 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
10 8 (1.16%) SAP
11 7 (1.02%) Cloudera
12 6 (0.87%) Guidewire
12 6 (0.87%) Splunk
13 5 (0.73%) Sybase
14 4 (0.58%) SunGard