Period
to 21 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 7 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 1,010 1,107 1,173
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.45% 16.31% 17.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.90% 31.76% 35.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 819 868 963
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £363 £356 £300
90th Percentile £625 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £494 £450
% change year-on-year +1.27% +9.72% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 6 3
City of London median hourly rate £29.55 £17.60 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +67.85% -59.99% +70.21%
10th Percentile £17.15 £11.90 £21.50
90th Percentile £70.89 £27.74 £54.89
Central London median hourly rate £29.55 £21.50 £44.00
% change year-on-year +37.42% -51.14% +70.21%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,755 3,485 3,315
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 53.73% 51.33% 48.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,138 2,818 2,802
City of London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% +2.70%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £645
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 9 13
City of London median hourly rate £22.00 £21.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.33% -21.82% +10.00%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.74 £17.00
90th Percentile £54.88 £32.30 £56.49
Central London median hourly rate £22.00 £21.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year +2.33% -21.82% +10.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -10 26 £525 +153.01%
Moorgate 0 9 - -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 387 (38.32%) Finance
2 315 (31.19%) Agile Software Development
3 297 (29.41%) SQL Server
4 263 (26.04%) C#
5 227 (22.48%) .NET
6 181 (17.92%) Java
7 171 (16.93%) Business Intelligence
8 160 (15.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 155 (15.35%) Microsoft
10 154 (15.25%) Python
11 153 (15.15%) T-SQL
12 152 (15.05%) Banking
13 150 (14.85%) Microsoft Azure
14 137 (13.56%) Analytics
15 135 (13.37%) ETL
16 132 (13.07%) Data Warehouse
17 131 (12.97%) JavaScript
18 126 (12.48%) TDD
19 124 (12.28%) Oracle
20 116 (11.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
21 95 (9.41%) Microsoft Excel
22 91 (9.01%) Amazon AWS
22 91 (9.01%) Power BI
23 90 (8.91%) Windows
24 89 (8.81%) Scrum
24 89 (8.81%) Relational Database
25 88 (8.71%) Problem-Solving
25 88 (8.71%) MVC
26 85 (8.42%) Linux
26 85 (8.42%) Microservices

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (5.64%) Apache Spark
2 36 (3.56%) Elasticsearch
3 24 (2.38%) SAS
4 22 (2.18%) Apache
5 15 (1.49%) Confluence
6 14 (1.39%) IIS
7 13 (1.29%) WebSphere
8 12 (1.19%) NServiceBus
8 12 (1.19%) SharePoint
9 8 (0.79%) JBoss
10 7 (0.69%) Apache Airflow
10 7 (0.69%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.69%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.40%) Jupyter
11 4 (0.40%) MS Exchange
11 4 (0.40%) Skype for Business
12 3 (0.30%) Luigi
12 3 (0.30%) WebSphere Application Server
13 2 (0.20%) GlassFish
13 2 (0.20%) MQSeries
Applications
1 95 (9.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (1.88%) MS Visio
3 15 (1.49%) Spreadsheet
4 10 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
5 9 (0.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.40%) Acrobat
6 4 (0.40%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.20%) SPSS
8 1 (0.099%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.099%) Stata
Business Applications
1 11 (1.09%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 7 (0.69%) thinkFolio
3 5 (0.50%) Oracle Cash Management
4 4 (0.40%) Dynamics AX
4 4 (0.40%) FastStats
4 4 (0.40%) Markit EDM
4 4 (0.40%) Oracle EBS
4 4 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
4 4 (0.40%) ReMetrica
5 3 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.30%) Infor SunSystems
5 3 (0.30%) Oracle Assets
5 3 (0.30%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 3 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.20%) Actimize
6 2 (0.20%) Eikon
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle FAH
6 2 (0.20%) Oracle Financials
6 2 (0.20%) Sage X3
7 1 (0.099%) BusinessWorks
Cloud Services
1 150 (14.85%) Microsoft Azure
2 91 (9.01%) Amazon AWS
3 41 (4.06%) Google Cloud Platform
4 29 (2.87%) Amazon S3
5 23 (2.28%) Cloud Computing
6 20 (1.98%) Amazon EC2
6 20 (1.98%) GitHub
6 20 (1.98%) Office 365
7 19 (1.88%) PaaS
8 16 (1.58%) IaaS
9 15 (1.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 13 (1.29%) Amazon EMR
10 13 (1.29%) Azure Active Directory
10 13 (1.29%) Google Analytics
11 12 (1.19%) Serverless
12 6 (0.59%) Google Tag Manager
13 5 (0.50%) Amazon Kinesis
13 5 (0.50%) AWS Lambda
13 5 (0.50%) Dynamics 365
13 5 (0.50%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 20 (1.98%) HTTP
2 12 (1.19%) Firewall
3 8 (0.79%) FTP
4 7 (0.69%) SAN
5 5 (0.50%) AMQP
5 5 (0.50%) Internet
5 5 (0.50%) SMS
6 4 (0.40%) LAN
6 4 (0.40%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.40%) WAN
7 3 (0.30%) Cisco ASA
7 3 (0.30%) DNS
7 3 (0.30%) Intranet
7 3 (0.30%) SSL
7 3 (0.30%) VPN
8 2 (0.20%) BIG-IP
8 2 (0.20%) DHCP
8 2 (0.20%) NAS
8 2 (0.20%) Skype
9 1 (0.099%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 297 (29.41%) SQL Server
2 160 (15.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 132 (13.07%) Data Warehouse
4 116 (11.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 91 (9.01%) Power BI
6 89 (8.81%) Relational Database
7 82 (8.12%) Big Data
8 76 (7.52%) NoSQL
9 72 (7.13%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 64 (6.34%) Hadoop
11 39 (3.86%) Apache Hive
11 39 (3.86%) MySQL
12 36 (3.56%) SQL Server 2008
13 35 (3.47%) MongoDB
14 30 (2.97%) Azure SQL Database
14 30 (2.97%) PostgreSQL
15 24 (2.38%) BigQuery
16 23 (2.28%) RDBMS
17 21 (2.08%) Amazon Redshift
17 21 (2.08%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 57 (5.64%) JIRA
2 51 (5.05%) Git (software)
3 50 (4.95%) Jenkins
4 38 (3.76%) Visual Studio
5 37 (3.66%) Selenium
6 34 (3.37%) Team Foundation Server
7 28 (2.77%) Cucumber
8 25 (2.48%) TeamCity
9 24 (2.38%) SpecFlow
10 23 (2.28%) Visual Studio Team System
11 19 (1.88%) Subversion
12 17 (1.68%) JUnit
13 16 (1.58%) Maven
14 12 (1.19%) JIRA Agile
15 10 (0.99%) NUnit
16 8 (0.79%) Octopus Deploy
16 8 (0.79%) Xdebug
17 7 (0.69%) Mockito
17 7 (0.69%) Protractor
18 6 (0.59%) Mocha
General
1 387 (38.32%) Finance
2 152 (15.05%) Banking
3 82 (8.12%) Front Office
4 52 (5.15%) Investment Banking
5 36 (3.56%) Marketing
6 34 (3.37%) Financial Institution
7 33 (3.27%) Retail
8 15 (1.49%) Back Office
9 11 (1.09%) Law
10 10 (0.99%) Legal
11 9 (0.89%) Advertising
11 9 (0.89%) Telecoms
12 6 (0.59%) General Ledger
13 5 (0.50%) Games
13 5 (0.50%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.30%) Billing
14 3 (0.30%) Publishing
15 2 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.20%) Prime Brokerage
16 1 (0.099%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 543 (53.76%) Developer
2 174 (17.23%) Analyst
3 130 (12.87%) SQL Developer
4 127 (12.57%) C# Developer
5 121 (11.98%) .NET Developer
6 73 (7.23%) Java Developer
7 68 (6.73%) Senior Developer
8 66 (6.53%) C# .NET Developer
9 64 (6.34%) Business Intelligence Developer
10 53 (5.25%) Data Engineer
11 48 (4.75%) Consultant
12 43 (4.26%) Data Analyst
13 34 (3.37%) Business Analyst
14 33 (3.27%) Azure Developer
14 33 (3.27%) SQL Analyst
15 32 (3.17%) Angular Developer
16 31 (3.07%) SSIS Developer
17 27 (2.67%) SQL BI Developer
18 23 (2.28%) Front Office Developer
19 21 (2.08%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 227 (22.48%) .NET
2 73 (7.23%) HTML
3 71 (7.03%) AngularJS
4 68 (6.73%) ASP.NET
5 60 (5.94%) CSS
6 58 (5.74%) ASP.NET Web API
6 58 (5.74%) XML
7 48 (4.75%) WCF
8 47 (4.65%) Spring
9 45 (4.46%) React
10 44 (4.36%) REST
11 43 (4.26%) Kafka
12 37 (3.66%) Web Services
13 36 (3.56%) ASP.NET MVC
14 33 (3.27%) .NET Framework
15 31 (3.07%) jQuery
16 30 (2.97%) Angular 2
16 30 (2.97%) JSON
17 29 (2.87%) WPF
18 28 (2.77%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 75 (7.43%) Greenfield Project
2 67 (6.63%) Analytical Skills
3 48 (4.75%) Fintech
4 41 (4.06%) Fixed Income
5 38 (3.76%) Computer Science
6 31 (3.07%) Reinsurance
7 30 (2.97%) Derivative
8 26 (2.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 25 (2.48%) Algorithms
10 22 (2.18%) Self-Motivation
11 21 (2.08%) Credit Risk
11 21 (2.08%) Data Structures
12 17 (1.68%) Market Risk
13 16 (1.58%) Equities
14 15 (1.49%) Wiki
15 14 (1.39%) Mobile App
16 13 (1.29%) Management Information System
17 10 (0.99%) Mainframe
18 9 (0.89%) Data Centre
18 9 (0.89%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 90 (8.91%) Windows
2 85 (8.42%) Linux
3 77 (7.62%) Unix
4 23 (2.28%) Windows Server
5 12 (1.19%) Windows Server 2008
6 10 (0.99%) Windows 10
7 9 (0.89%) Windows 7
8 8 (0.79%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
10 4 (0.40%) AIX
10 4 (0.40%) Android
10 4 (0.40%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.30%) CentOS
11 3 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.30%) Solaris
12 2 (0.20%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.20%) Windows 8
12 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.099%) SUSE
13 1 (0.099%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 315 (31.19%) Agile Software Development
2 171 (16.93%) Business Intelligence
3 137 (13.56%) Analytics
4 135 (13.37%) ETL
5 126 (12.48%) TDD
6 89 (8.81%) Scrum
7 88 (8.71%) MVC
7 88 (8.71%) Problem-Solving
8 85 (8.42%) Microservices
9 82 (8.12%) Test Automation
10 80 (7.92%) Data Modelling
11 73 (7.23%) Data Analysis
12 69 (6.83%) BDD
13 68 (6.73%) SDLC
14 65 (6.44%) Unit Testing
15 63 (6.24%) Data Science
16 62 (6.14%) DevOps
17 61 (6.04%) Continuous Integration
18 53 (5.25%) E-Commerce
19 52 (5.15%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 263 (26.04%) C#
2 181 (17.92%) Java
3 154 (15.25%) Python
4 153 (15.15%) T-SQL
5 131 (12.97%) JavaScript
6 67 (6.63%) PowerShell
7 64 (6.34%) R
8 57 (5.64%) VBA
9 40 (3.96%) VB.NET
10 39 (3.86%) Shell Script
11 37 (3.66%) Scala
12 36 (3.56%) PL/SQL
13 35 (3.47%) C
14 32 (3.17%) Bash Shell
15 25 (2.48%) Java 8
16 24 (2.38%) PHP
17 22 (2.18%) Perl
18 19 (1.88%) Korn
19 18 (1.78%) C++
20 15 (1.49%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 67 (6.63%) Degree
2 15 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (1.09%) SC Cleared
3 11 (1.09%) Security Cleared
4 8 (0.79%) Master's Degree
5 7 (0.69%) Numerate Degree
5 7 (0.69%) Siebel Certification
6 6 (0.59%) MBA
7 5 (0.50%) PhD
8 4 (0.40%) ISTQB
9 3 (0.30%) MCSE
9 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
9 3 (0.30%) Sun Certification
10 2 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.20%) CCNA
10 2 (0.20%) CCSA
10 2 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
10 2 (0.20%) ISEB
10 2 (0.20%) OCPJP
11 1 (0.099%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (5.94%) QA
2 37 (3.66%) Data Quality
3 13 (1.29%) GCP
4 9 (0.89%) SLA
5 7 (0.69%) MiFID
6 4 (0.40%) GDPR
7 3 (0.30%) Basel III
7 3 (0.30%) IFRS
7 3 (0.30%) ISO 8583
7 3 (0.30%) SEPA
7 3 (0.30%) Solvency II
8 1 (0.099%) COREP
8 1 (0.099%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.099%) EMIR
8 1 (0.099%) FINREP
8 1 (0.099%) IFRS 9
8 1 (0.099%) PMO
System Software
1 46 (4.55%) Docker
2 26 (2.57%) Active Directory
3 18 (1.78%) HDFS
4 9 (0.89%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.50%) Hyper-V
6 4 (0.40%) Apache Flume
6 4 (0.40%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.30%) Microsoft App-V
7 3 (0.30%) XenApp
7 3 (0.30%) XenDesktop
8 2 (0.20%) BitLocker
8 2 (0.20%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.20%) vSphere
9 1 (0.099%) Gluster
9 1 (0.099%) iptables
9 1 (0.099%) NFS
9 1 (0.099%) Platform Symphony
9 1 (0.099%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 30 (2.97%) Ansible
2 25 (2.48%) Opscode Chef
3 24 (2.38%) Puppet
4 21 (2.08%) Kubernetes
5 16 (1.58%) Hadoop YARN
6 14 (1.39%) Terraform
7 12 (1.19%) Kibana
7 12 (1.19%) Oozie
8 11 (1.09%) SCCM
9 8 (0.79%) Docker Swarm
9 8 (0.79%) logstash
10 7 (0.69%) Control-M
11 6 (0.59%) Grafana
11 6 (0.59%) WSUS
12 5 (0.50%) Prometheus
12 5 (0.50%) SCOM
13 4 (0.40%) HP ALM
13 4 (0.40%) Nagios
14 2 (0.20%) Fluentd
14 2 (0.20%) rkt
Vendors
1 155 (15.35%) Microsoft
2 124 (12.28%) Oracle
3 70 (6.93%) Tableau
4 47 (4.65%) Google
5 28 (2.77%) Salesforce.com
6 20 (1.98%) VMware
7 19 (1.88%) IBM
8 16 (1.58%) Citrix
9 15 (1.49%) Cloudera
10 14 (1.39%) Splunk
11 13 (1.29%) Alteryx
11 13 (1.29%) Informatica
12 11 (1.09%) SAP
13 10 (0.99%) Sybase
13 10 (0.99%) Talend
14 9 (0.89%) Bloomberg
14 9 (0.89%) TIBCO
15 8 (0.79%) Reuters
15 8 (0.79%) Teradata
16 7 (0.69%) Charles River