Period
to 23 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 5 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 675 1,023 1,152
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.56% 15.13% 16.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.08% 28.66% 30.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 516 791 972
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £353 £331 £350
90th Percentile £638 £643 £675
Central London median daily rate £488 £500 £493
% change year-on-year -2.50% +1.52% +9.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 7
City of London median hourly rate £25.00 £37.09 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.60% +72.51% +7.93%
10th Percentile £22.50 £37.09 £15.15
90th Percentile £34.85 £41.17 £45.00
Central London median hourly rate £26.25 £37.09 £24.75
% change year-on-year -29.23% +49.86% +24.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,244 3,569 3,796
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.40% 52.80% 53.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,772 2,950 3,232
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £381 £400 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £700
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 5 15
City of London median hourly rate £36.75 £37.09 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.92% +72.51% -21.82%
10th Percentile £22.83 £18.28 £17.75
90th Percentile £57.13 £40.15 £59.80
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £28.87 £21.50
% change year-on-year +21.24% +34.27% -21.82%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 23 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +12 10 £550 -
London Bridge +18 9 £525 -4.55%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 23 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 201 (29.78%) SQL Server
2 198 (29.33%) Agile Software Development
3 185 (27.41%) Finance
4 168 (24.89%) Azure
5 159 (23.56%) .NET
6 152 (22.52%) C#
7 145 (21.48%) Microsoft
8 139 (20.59%) Business Intelligence
9 131 (19.41%) Python
10 109 (16.15%) Java
11 108 (16.00%) Oracle
12 98 (14.52%) Data Warehouse
13 94 (13.93%) ETL
14 90 (13.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 88 (13.04%) Analytics
16 81 (12.00%) DevOps
17 80 (11.85%) Power Platform
18 78 (11.56%) Power BI
19 77 (11.41%) Banking
20 75 (11.11%) Data Modelling
21 72 (10.67%) T-SQL
22 63 (9.33%) AWS
23 62 (9.19%) Migration
24 61 (9.04%) JavaScript
24 61 (9.04%) Microsoft Excel
25 60 (8.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
26 59 (8.74%) TDD
27 57 (8.44%) Windows
28 53 (7.85%) Test Automation
29 52 (7.70%) NoSQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (4.74%) SharePoint
2 26 (3.85%) Confluence
3 25 (3.70%) Apache Spark
4 9 (1.33%) Apache Airflow
4 9 (1.33%) Elasticsearch
4 9 (1.33%) IIS
4 9 (1.33%) WebLogic
5 7 (1.04%) CMS
5 7 (1.04%) SAS
5 7 (1.04%) Skype for Business
6 6 (0.89%) Apache
7 5 (0.74%) Oracle Workflow
7 5 (0.74%) SharePoint 2013
7 5 (0.74%) Sitecore CMS
7 5 (0.74%) Umbraco
8 4 (0.59%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.44%) Luigi
9 3 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 3 (0.44%) WordPress
10 2 (0.30%) SAP Portal
Applications
1 61 (9.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.59%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.15%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 14 (2.07%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.04%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.59%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.44%) Oracle FAH
4 3 (0.44%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.44%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.30%) HFM
5 2 (0.30%) Maximo
5 2 (0.30%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.30%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.30%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.30%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.30%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.30%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 1 (0.15%) FastStats
6 1 (0.15%) Global One
6 1 (0.15%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.15%) SAP R/3
6 1 (0.15%) SDL Web 8
6 1 (0.15%) SimCorp Dimension
Cloud Services
1 168 (24.89%) Azure
2 80 (11.85%) Power Platform
3 63 (9.33%) AWS
4 33 (4.89%) Azure Data Factory
5 26 (3.85%) GCP
6 24 (3.56%) Office 365
6 24 (3.56%) Serverless
7 20 (2.96%) PaaS
8 19 (2.81%) GitHub
9 16 (2.37%) PowerApps
10 15 (2.22%) Azure Active Directory
11 14 (2.07%) Dynamics 365
12 12 (1.78%) Azure Functions
13 11 (1.63%) Azure Stack
14 10 (1.48%) Cloud Computing
14 10 (1.48%) Data Lake Analytics
15 7 (1.04%) Amazon S3
15 7 (1.04%) Microsoft Flow
15 7 (1.04%) SaaS
16 6 (0.89%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 10 (1.48%) Firewall
2 7 (1.04%) LAN
2 7 (1.04%) WAN
3 5 (0.74%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.59%) HTTP
5 3 (0.44%) DHCP
5 3 (0.44%) MPLS
5 3 (0.44%) SAN
6 2 (0.30%) Broadband
6 2 (0.30%) DNS
6 2 (0.30%) Fibre Channel
6 2 (0.30%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.30%) Internet
6 2 (0.30%) NAS
6 2 (0.30%) SSL
7 1 (0.15%) AMQP
7 1 (0.15%) MQTT
7 1 (0.15%) Network Security
7 1 (0.15%) PuTTY
7 1 (0.15%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 201 (29.78%) SQL Server
2 98 (14.52%) Data Warehouse
3 90 (13.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 78 (11.56%) Power BI
5 60 (8.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 52 (7.70%) NoSQL
7 51 (7.56%) Azure SQL Database
8 41 (6.07%) Relational Database
9 39 (5.78%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 34 (5.04%) Big Data
10 34 (5.04%) Hadoop
11 33 (4.89%) Data Lake
12 31 (4.59%) PostgreSQL
13 22 (3.26%) Oracle Database
14 21 (3.11%) MongoDB
15 20 (2.96%) MySQL
16 19 (2.81%) SQL Server 2016
17 16 (2.37%) SQL Server 2008
18 13 (1.93%) DB2
19 12 (1.78%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 45 (6.67%) JIRA
2 36 (5.33%) Git (software)
3 34 (5.04%) Jenkins
4 25 (3.70%) Visual Studio
5 22 (3.26%) TeamCity
6 21 (3.11%) Team Foundation Server
7 19 (2.81%) Selenium
8 16 (2.37%) SpecFlow
9 15 (2.22%) Octopus Deploy
10 11 (1.63%) Subversion
11 10 (1.48%) Maven
12 9 (1.33%) JUnit
13 8 (1.19%) Cucumber
13 8 (1.19%) Eclipse
14 7 (1.04%) gulp
14 7 (1.04%) NUnit
15 6 (0.89%) Bitbucket
16 5 (0.74%) Grunt
16 5 (0.74%) Oracle Forms
16 5 (0.74%) Travis CI
General
1 185 (27.41%) Finance
2 77 (11.41%) Banking
3 34 (5.04%) Front Office
4 20 (2.96%) Investment Banking
5 18 (2.67%) Public Sector
6 17 (2.52%) Marketing
7 12 (1.78%) Law
8 11 (1.63%) Legal
8 11 (1.63%) Retail
9 5 (0.74%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.74%) Publishing
10 4 (0.59%) Retail Banking
10 4 (0.59%) Telecoms
11 3 (0.44%) Games
12 2 (0.30%) Back Office
12 2 (0.30%) General Ledger
13 1 (0.15%) Advertising
13 1 (0.15%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.15%) French Language
13 1 (0.15%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 311 (46.07%) Developer
2 118 (17.48%) Analyst
3 79 (11.70%) SQL Developer
4 55 (8.15%) .NET Developer
5 52 (7.70%) C# Developer
6 43 (6.37%) Java Developer
7 40 (5.93%) Data Analyst
7 40 (5.93%) Data Engineer
8 34 (5.04%) Business Intelligence Developer
9 33 (4.89%) Architect
10 30 (4.44%) Business Analyst
11 28 (4.15%) Azure Engineer
12 27 (4.00%) Senior Developer
13 26 (3.85%) C# .NET Developer
14 24 (3.56%) Consultant
15 23 (3.41%) Azure Developer
16 22 (3.26%) SQL Analyst
17 19 (2.81%) Business Intelligence Analyst
18 18 (2.67%) Applications Developer
18 18 (2.67%) SSIS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 159 (23.56%) .NET
2 47 (6.96%) HTML
3 44 (6.52%) AngularJS
4 43 (6.37%) CSS
5 39 (5.78%) XML
6 35 (5.19%) Web Services
7 34 (5.04%) ASP.NET
7 34 (5.04%) REST
8 28 (4.15%) React
9 26 (3.85%) .NET Framework
10 25 (3.70%) .NET Core
11 24 (3.56%) JSON
11 24 (3.56%) Spring
12 19 (2.81%) ASP.NET Web API
12 19 (2.81%) RESTful
13 18 (2.67%) MDX
14 15 (2.22%) Spring Boot
14 15 (2.22%) WinForms
15 14 (2.07%) Kafka
15 14 (2.07%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 39 (5.78%) Analytical Skills
2 36 (5.33%) Greenfield Project
3 23 (3.41%) Data Structures
4 17 (2.52%) Reinsurance
5 16 (2.37%) Equities
6 15 (2.22%) Algorithms
7 14 (2.07%) Fixed Income
8 13 (1.93%) Derivative
8 13 (1.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 10 (1.48%) Management Information System
10 8 (1.19%) Replication
10 8 (1.19%) User Experience
11 7 (1.04%) Clustering
12 6 (0.89%) Credit Risk
13 5 (0.74%) Client/Server
13 5 (0.74%) Equity Derivative
13 5 (0.74%) Fat Client
13 5 (0.74%) Public Cloud
13 5 (0.74%) Thin Client
14 4 (0.59%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 57 (8.44%) Windows
2 40 (5.93%) Linux
3 35 (5.19%) Unix
4 22 (3.26%) Windows Server
5 10 (1.48%) Windows Server 2008
6 8 (1.19%) Windows Server 2012
7 5 (0.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.30%) Android
8 2 (0.30%) Apple iOS
8 2 (0.30%) CentOS
8 2 (0.30%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.30%) VMS
8 2 (0.30%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
9 1 (0.15%) Solaris
9 1 (0.15%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (0.15%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 198 (29.33%) Agile Software Development
2 139 (20.59%) Business Intelligence
3 94 (13.93%) ETL
4 88 (13.04%) Analytics
5 81 (12.00%) DevOps
6 75 (11.11%) Data Modelling
7 62 (9.19%) Migration
8 59 (8.74%) TDD
9 53 (7.85%) Test Automation
10 44 (6.52%) Data Analysis
11 42 (6.22%) Problem-Solving
12 41 (6.07%) Data Science
13 39 (5.78%) Visualisation
14 37 (5.48%) Scrum
15 33 (4.89%) Asset Management
16 32 (4.74%) MVC
17 29 (4.30%) Kimball Methodology
17 29 (4.30%) Microservices
18 28 (4.15%) Machine Learning
19 27 (4.00%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 152 (22.52%) C#
2 131 (19.41%) Python
3 109 (16.15%) Java
4 72 (10.67%) T-SQL
5 61 (9.04%) JavaScript
6 51 (7.56%) PL/SQL
7 48 (7.11%) PowerShell
8 33 (4.89%) Scala
9 29 (4.30%) R
10 25 (3.70%) VB.NET
11 24 (3.56%) VBA
12 20 (2.96%) VB
13 19 (2.81%) Shell Script
14 18 (2.67%) C++
15 15 (2.22%) Perl
16 14 (2.07%) PHP
17 13 (1.93%) Java 8
17 13 (1.93%) Ruby
18 9 (1.33%) C
18 9 (1.33%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
Qualifications
1 30 (4.44%) Security Cleared
2 28 (4.15%) SC Cleared
3 26 (3.85%) Degree
4 6 (0.89%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (0.74%) MCITP
6 4 (0.59%) BC Cleared
6 4 (0.59%) PhD
7 3 (0.44%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (0.44%) DV Cleared
8 2 (0.30%) ISEB
8 2 (0.30%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.15%) CCIE
9 1 (0.15%) CCNA
9 1 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.15%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.15%) MCP
9 1 (0.15%) MCSA
9 1 (0.15%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.15%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (5.63%) QA
2 22 (3.26%) Data Quality
3 14 (2.07%) IFRS
4 11 (1.63%) GDPR
5 10 (1.48%) Solvency II
6 8 (1.19%) SLA
7 5 (0.74%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 4 (0.59%) MiFID
9 3 (0.44%) EMIR
10 2 (0.30%) COREP
10 2 (0.30%) FINREP
11 1 (0.15%) Basel III
11 1 (0.15%) DICOM
11 1 (0.15%) HL7
11 1 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.15%) PMO
11 1 (0.15%) WCAG
System Software
1 40 (5.93%) Active Directory
2 29 (4.30%) Docker
3 16 (2.37%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (1.04%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.89%) HDFS
6 5 (0.74%) Microsoft App-V
6 5 (0.74%) Oracle RAC
7 4 (0.59%) Terminal Services
7 4 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.44%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.30%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.15%) UAG
10 1 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.15%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.15%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 21 (3.11%) Kubernetes
2 12 (1.78%) SCCM
2 12 (1.78%) Terraform
3 11 (1.63%) Ansible
4 9 (1.33%) Microsoft Intune
5 7 (1.04%) Puppet
6 5 (0.74%) Hadoop YARN
6 5 (0.74%) Istio
7 4 (0.59%) Kibana
7 4 (0.59%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
8 3 (0.44%) Control-M
8 3 (0.44%) Data Guard
9 2 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.30%) Forefront Identity Manager
9 2 (0.30%) Graphite
9 2 (0.30%) logstash
9 2 (0.30%) MIIS
9 2 (0.30%) Oracle RMAN
10 1 (0.15%) Galera Cluster
Vendors
1 145 (21.48%) Microsoft
2 108 (16.00%) Oracle
3 29 (4.30%) Tableau
4 24 (3.56%) Google
5 17 (2.52%) Sybase
6 13 (1.93%) Informatica
7 10 (1.48%) Databricks
7 10 (1.48%) VMware
8 9 (1.33%) Atlassian
8 9 (1.33%) SunGard
9 8 (1.19%) Cognos
9 8 (1.19%) Sitecore
10 7 (1.04%) Hyperion
10 7 (1.04%) Red Hat
10 7 (1.04%) SAP
10 7 (1.04%) ServiceNow
11 6 (0.89%) Citrix
11 6 (0.89%) Murex
11 6 (0.89%) OpenLink
12 5 (0.74%) IBM