Period
to 25 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 25 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 337 683 1,030
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 15.04% 14.52% 15.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.88% 30.01% 28.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 265 539 816
Median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - -
10th Percentile £320 £363 £341
90th Percentile £675 £638 £643
Central London median daily rate £500 £478 £500
% change year-on-year +4.71% -4.50% +1.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 3
Median hourly rate £18.48 £25.00 £37.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.10% -32.60% +76.62%
Central London median hourly rate £23.45 £26.25 £37.09
% change year-on-year -10.67% -29.23% +72.51%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,128 2,276 3,580
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 50.36% 48.38% 52.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 861 1,820 2,966
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
10th Percentile £363 £381 £400
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 16 5
Median hourly rate £14.00 £43.00 £37.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -67.44% +15.93% +72.51%
10th Percentile £12.75 £21.00 £18.28
90th Percentile £32.42 £59.38 £40.15
Median hourly rate £18.73 £36.09 £37.09
% change year-on-year -48.11% -2.70% +72.51%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 25 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +4 5 £600 +14.29%
Moorgate +8 1 £475 -13.64%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 25 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 100 (29.67%) Finance
2 94 (27.89%) Python
3 92 (27.30%) Agile Software Development
4 69 (20.47%) Data Warehouse
5 68 (20.18%) Java
5 68 (20.18%) SQL Server
6 67 (19.88%) Azure
7 62 (18.40%) Oracle
8 56 (16.62%) Analytics
9 55 (16.32%) Business Intelligence
9 55 (16.32%) AWS
10 53 (15.73%) .NET
11 50 (14.84%) C#
11 50 (14.84%) Banking
12 49 (14.54%) Data Modelling
13 47 (13.95%) Microsoft
14 45 (13.35%) Data Analysis
15 41 (12.17%) ETL
15 41 (12.17%) DevOps
16 39 (11.57%) PL/SQL
17 35 (10.39%) Git (software)
17 35 (10.39%) Power Platform
18 34 (10.09%) Analytical Skills
19 32 (9.50%) Power BI
19 32 (9.50%) Big Data
19 32 (9.50%) NoSQL
20 30 (8.90%) Problem-Solving
21 29 (8.61%) Linux
22 28 (8.31%) Data Science
23 27 (8.01%) Migration

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (7.72%) Apache Spark
2 13 (3.86%) Apache Airflow
3 12 (3.56%) Apache
4 11 (3.26%) Elasticsearch
4 11 (3.26%) SAS
5 8 (2.37%) SharePoint
6 5 (1.48%) nginx
7 3 (0.89%) Confluence
7 3 (0.89%) SharePoint 2010
8 2 (0.59%) CMS
8 2 (0.59%) IIS
8 2 (0.59%) Oracle Coherence
9 1 (0.30%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.30%) Exchange Server 2013
9 1 (0.30%) MQSeries
9 1 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
9 1 (0.30%) SharePoint Server
9 1 (0.30%) Skype for Business
9 1 (0.30%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.30%) WebLogic
Applications
1 13 (3.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (2.67%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.59%) InfoPath
3 2 (0.59%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.30%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 3 (0.89%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 2 (0.59%) Eikon
2 2 (0.59%) ION MarketView
2 2 (0.59%) Salerio
2 2 (0.59%) thinkFolio
3 1 (0.30%) Elite 3E
3 1 (0.30%) Kondor
3 1 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.30%) Oracle Financials
3 1 (0.30%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 67 (19.88%) Azure
2 55 (16.32%) AWS
3 35 (10.39%) Power Platform
4 16 (4.75%) Serverless
5 15 (4.45%) GCP
6 14 (4.15%) Azure Data Factory
7 11 (3.26%) Amazon EC2
7 11 (3.26%) PaaS
8 10 (2.97%) IaaS
9 9 (2.67%) Amazon S3
10 7 (2.08%) Amazon Kinesis
10 7 (2.08%) AWS Lambda
11 6 (1.78%) Azure Functions
12 5 (1.48%) Amazon EMR
12 5 (1.48%) GitHub
12 5 (1.48%) Microsoft 365
12 5 (1.48%) SaaS
13 4 (1.19%) Logic Apps
13 4 (1.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 3 (0.89%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 10 (2.97%) Firewall
2 8 (2.37%) HTTP
3 6 (1.78%) Internet
3 6 (1.78%) Network Security
3 6 (1.78%) VoIP
4 5 (1.48%) BGP
4 5 (1.48%) DNS
4 5 (1.48%) MPLS
4 5 (1.48%) SNMP
4 5 (1.48%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.59%) Kerberos
5 2 (0.59%) Multicast
5 2 (0.59%) SAN
5 2 (0.59%) Skype
5 2 (0.59%) SMTP
6 1 (0.30%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.30%) Intranet
6 1 (0.30%) NAS
6 1 (0.30%) Unified Communications
6 1 (0.30%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (20.47%) Data Warehouse
2 68 (20.18%) SQL Server
3 32 (9.50%) Big Data
3 32 (9.50%) NoSQL
3 32 (9.50%) Power BI
4 26 (7.72%) Oracle Database
4 26 (7.72%) Tableau
5 25 (7.42%) Relational Database
6 24 (7.12%) PostgreSQL
7 23 (6.82%) Hadoop
8 22 (6.53%) Data Lake
9 21 (6.23%) Azure SQL Database
10 20 (5.93%) Amazon Redshift
11 19 (5.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 18 (5.34%) MySQL
13 17 (5.04%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 15 (4.45%) Amazon RDS
15 12 (3.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 11 (3.26%) Snowflake Schema
17 8 (2.37%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 35 (10.39%) Git (software)
2 22 (6.53%) Jenkins
3 13 (3.86%) Octopus Deploy
4 9 (2.67%) JIRA
4 9 (2.67%) TeamCity
5 7 (2.08%) Selenium
5 7 (2.08%) Visual Studio Team System
6 6 (1.78%) Maven
7 5 (1.48%) MSBuild
7 5 (1.48%) Visual Studio
8 4 (1.19%) Cypress.io
8 4 (1.19%) Oracle APEX
8 4 (1.19%) webpack
9 3 (0.89%) Bitbucket
9 3 (0.89%) Cucumber
9 3 (0.89%) Hudson
9 3 (0.89%) RStudio
10 2 (0.59%) GCC
10 2 (0.59%) GitLab
10 2 (0.59%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 100 (29.67%) Finance
2 50 (14.84%) Banking
3 18 (5.34%) Investment Banking
4 17 (5.04%) Front Office
5 15 (4.45%) Retail
6 12 (3.56%) Back Office
7 8 (2.37%) Public Sector
8 6 (1.78%) Marketing
9 5 (1.48%) Advertising
10 4 (1.19%) Financial Institution
10 4 (1.19%) Multimedia
11 3 (0.89%) Legal
11 3 (0.89%) Retail Finance
12 2 (0.59%) Games
12 2 (0.59%) International Banking
12 2 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.30%) Electronics
13 1 (0.30%) Italian Language
13 1 (0.30%) Publishing
13 1 (0.30%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 102 (30.27%) Developer
2 85 (25.22%) Analyst
3 51 (15.13%) Data Engineer
4 28 (8.31%) Business Analyst
5 23 (6.82%) SQL Analyst
6 21 (6.23%) Data Analyst
6 21 (6.23%) Java Developer
7 19 (5.64%) Architect
8 17 (5.04%) DBA
9 16 (4.75%) C# Developer
10 15 (4.45%) SQL Developer
11 14 (4.15%) .NET Developer
11 14 (4.15%) Consultant
12 13 (3.86%) Analyst Developer
13 12 (3.56%) AWS Engineer
14 11 (3.26%) Oracle DBA
15 10 (2.97%) Full Stack Developer
15 10 (2.97%) Senior Developer
15 10 (2.97%) Systems Analyst
15 10 (2.97%) Technical Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (15.73%) .NET
2 25 (7.42%) Kafka
2 25 (7.42%) XML
3 19 (5.64%) Node.js
3 19 (5.64%) Spring
4 18 (5.34%) HTML
5 17 (5.04%) Web Services
6 12 (3.56%) JSON
6 12 (3.56%) React
7 11 (3.26%) .NET Framework
7 11 (3.26%) CSS
7 11 (3.26%) Elastic Stack
7 11 (3.26%) RESTful
8 10 (2.97%) AngularJS
8 10 (2.97%) Express
8 10 (2.97%) REST
9 8 (2.37%) Entity Framework
9 8 (2.37%) Spring Boot
10 7 (2.08%) jQuery
10 7 (2.08%) PostGIS
Miscellaneous
1 34 (10.09%) Analytical Skills
2 19 (5.64%) Self-Motivation
3 18 (5.34%) Fixed Income
4 16 (4.75%) Derivative
4 16 (4.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 14 (4.15%) Data Structures
5 14 (4.15%) Reinsurance
6 13 (3.86%) Algorithms
7 9 (2.67%) Management Information System
8 7 (2.08%) Market Risk
9 6 (1.78%) Credit Risk
9 6 (1.78%) User Experience
10 5 (1.48%) Replication
11 4 (1.19%) CCTV
11 4 (1.19%) Equities
11 4 (1.19%) Equity Derivative
11 4 (1.19%) Greenfield Project
12 3 (0.89%) Cloud Native
12 3 (0.89%) Reference Data
12 3 (0.89%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 29 (8.61%) Linux
2 27 (8.01%) Windows
3 19 (5.64%) Unix
4 9 (2.67%) Windows Server
5 5 (1.48%) Windows Server 2008
5 5 (1.48%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (1.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (1.19%) Windows 7
7 3 (0.89%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.30%) Android
8 1 (0.30%) Apple iOS
8 1 (0.30%) Solaris
8 1 (0.30%) VMS
8 1 (0.30%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 92 (27.30%) Agile Software Development
2 56 (16.62%) Analytics
3 55 (16.32%) Business Intelligence
4 49 (14.54%) Data Modelling
5 45 (13.35%) Data Analysis
6 41 (12.17%) DevOps
6 41 (12.17%) ETL
7 30 (8.90%) Problem-Solving
8 28 (8.31%) Data Science
9 27 (8.01%) Migration
10 24 (7.12%) Performance Tuning
10 24 (7.12%) Test Automation
11 21 (6.23%) Microservices
11 21 (6.23%) Risk Management
11 21 (6.23%) TDD
12 20 (5.93%) User Acceptance Testing
13 19 (5.64%) Business Analysis
13 19 (5.64%) Scrum
14 18 (5.34%) Machine Learning
14 18 (5.34%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 94 (27.89%) Python
2 68 (20.18%) Java
3 50 (14.84%) C#
4 39 (11.57%) PL/SQL
5 24 (7.12%) JavaScript
6 18 (5.34%) T-SQL
7 17 (5.04%) PowerShell
8 14 (4.15%) Perl
9 12 (3.56%) C++
9 12 (3.56%) R
10 11 (3.26%) Java 8
11 10 (2.97%) Scala
12 9 (2.67%) PHP
13 8 (2.37%) C
14 7 (2.08%) Shell Script
15 5 (1.48%) TypeScript
16 4 (1.19%) Bash Shell
16 4 (1.19%) Haskell
16 4 (1.19%) SOQL
16 4 (1.19%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 25 (7.42%) Degree
2 23 (6.82%) Security Cleared
3 19 (5.64%) SC Cleared
4 9 (2.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (2.08%) ITIL Certification
6 6 (1.78%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.59%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.30%) ACCA
8 1 (0.30%) CIMA
8 1 (0.30%) MBA
8 1 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.04%) Data Quality
2 10 (2.97%) QA
3 5 (1.48%) MiFID
4 4 (1.19%) EMIR
4 4 (1.19%) GDPR
5 2 (0.59%) CDISC
5 2 (0.59%) COREP
5 2 (0.59%) Dodd-Frank
6 1 (0.30%) Basel II
6 1 (0.30%) IFRS
6 1 (0.30%) Solvency II
System Software
1 18 (5.34%) Docker
2 9 (2.67%) Active Directory
3 6 (1.78%) HDFS
3 6 (1.78%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.59%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.30%) DFS Replication
5 1 (0.30%) UAG
5 1 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 14 (4.15%) Kubernetes
2 12 (3.56%) Terraform
3 8 (2.37%) Netcool
4 5 (1.48%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
4 5 (1.48%) Grafana
5 4 (1.19%) Foglight
5 4 (1.19%) MaaS360
6 3 (0.89%) Ambari
6 3 (0.89%) Hadoop YARN
7 2 (0.59%) Ansible
7 2 (0.59%) Nagios
7 2 (0.59%) Oracle RMAN
7 2 (0.59%) RSA Archer
7 2 (0.59%) SCCM
8 1 (0.30%) Control-M
8 1 (0.30%) Data Guard
8 1 (0.30%) EMC NetWorker
8 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Intune
8 1 (0.30%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 1 (0.30%) Puppet
Vendors
1 62 (18.40%) Oracle
2 47 (13.95%) Microsoft
3 10 (2.97%) Talend
4 9 (2.67%) AppDynamics
4 9 (2.67%) Cloudera
5 8 (2.37%) SevOne
6 7 (2.08%) Alteryx
6 7 (2.08%) Google
6 7 (2.08%) Salesforce.com
7 6 (1.78%) Apple
7 6 (1.78%) Informatica
8 5 (1.48%) IBM
8 5 (1.48%) MuleSoft
8 5 (1.48%) SAP
9 4 (1.19%) Pega
9 4 (1.19%) Red Hat
10 3 (0.89%) Bloomberg
10 3 (0.89%) CyberArk
10 3 (0.89%) Reuters
10 3 (0.89%) ServiceNow