Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 7 5
Rank change year-on-year +2 -2 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 1,056 1,148 1,202
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 15.01% 16.11% 17.90%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.65% 30.74% 35.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 851 944 980
City of London median daily rate £500 £515 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.91% +14.44% -
10th Percentile £363 £363 £313
90th Percentile £625 £675 £625
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 11 3
City of London median hourly rate £37.09 £21.50 £19.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +72.51% +7.93% -20.32%
10th Percentile £16.20 £13.30 £16.70
90th Percentile £85.21 £30.00 £50.06
Central London median hourly rate £37.09 £21.50 £19.92
% change year-on-year +72.51% +7.93% -20.32%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,819 3,735 3,395
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 54.28% 52.40% 50.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,188 3,096 2,861
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% -
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £688 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 15 10
City of London median hourly rate £37.09 £21.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +72.51% -21.82% +5.42%
10th Percentile £16.10 £13.32 £16.06
90th Percentile £74.46 £37.80 £55.19
Central London median hourly rate £37.09 £22.99 £27.50
% change year-on-year +61.31% -16.39% +5.42%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -27 26 £525 -
Moorgate -8 10 - -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 382 (36.17%) Finance
2 324 (30.68%) Agile Software Development
3 321 (30.40%) SQL Server
4 252 (23.86%) C#
5 215 (20.36%) .NET
6 193 (18.28%) Business Intelligence
7 186 (17.61%) Microsoft Azure
8 173 (16.38%) Java
9 169 (16.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 168 (15.91%) Microsoft
11 161 (15.25%) Python
12 150 (14.20%) Data Warehouse
13 148 (14.02%) T-SQL
14 147 (13.92%) Banking
15 145 (13.73%) ETL
16 130 (12.31%) TDD
17 127 (12.03%) JavaScript
17 127 (12.03%) Oracle
18 126 (11.93%) Analytics
19 117 (11.08%) Microsoft Excel
20 114 (10.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
21 108 (10.23%) Microservices
22 103 (9.75%) Amazon AWS
23 102 (9.66%) Windows
24 94 (8.90%) Linux
24 94 (8.90%) Power BI
25 93 (8.81%) Scrum
26 91 (8.62%) Test Automation
27 88 (8.33%) Greenfield Project
28 87 (8.24%) NoSQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (5.49%) Apache Spark
2 37 (3.50%) Elasticsearch
3 26 (2.46%) SAS
4 23 (2.18%) Apache
5 22 (2.08%) SharePoint
6 19 (1.80%) Confluence
7 18 (1.70%) IIS
8 11 (1.04%) IPython
9 10 (0.95%) Tomcat
9 10 (0.95%) WebSphere
10 8 (0.76%) NServiceBus
11 6 (0.57%) JBoss
11 6 (0.57%) Skype for Business
12 5 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
12 5 (0.47%) Jupyter
12 5 (0.47%) MS Exchange
12 5 (0.47%) WebLogic
13 4 (0.38%) CMS
13 4 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
14 3 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 117 (11.08%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (2.08%) MS Visio
3 19 (1.80%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (1.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (1.14%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.38%) Acrobat
5 4 (0.38%) Photoshop
6 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.095%) SPSS
7 1 (0.095%) Stata
Business Applications
1 11 (1.04%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 7 (0.66%) Oracle EBS
2 7 (0.66%) thinkFolio
3 6 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
3 6 (0.57%) Markit EDM
4 4 (0.38%) FastStats
4 4 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
4 4 (0.38%) ReMetrica
5 3 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.28%) Oracle Assets
5 3 (0.28%) Oracle Cash Management
5 3 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
5 3 (0.28%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 3 (0.28%) Oracle Payables
5 3 (0.28%) Oracle Retail
6 2 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
6 2 (0.19%) Eikon
6 2 (0.19%) Infor SunSystems
6 2 (0.19%) LatentZero
6 2 (0.19%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 186 (17.61%) Microsoft Azure
2 103 (9.75%) Amazon AWS
3 47 (4.45%) Google Cloud Platform
4 30 (2.84%) Amazon S3
5 29 (2.75%) PaaS
6 27 (2.56%) Office 365
7 24 (2.27%) Serverless
8 22 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
9 21 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
9 21 (1.99%) IaaS
10 18 (1.70%) GitHub
11 15 (1.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 13 (1.23%) Azure Active Directory
13 11 (1.04%) Amazon EMR
14 9 (0.85%) Google Analytics
15 8 (0.76%) Dynamics 365
15 8 (0.76%) npm
16 5 (0.47%) Amazon Kinesis
16 5 (0.47%) AWS Lambda
17 4 (0.38%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.14%) DNS
2 11 (1.04%) Firewall
2 11 (1.04%) Skype
3 10 (0.95%) VPN
4 9 (0.85%) HTTP
4 9 (0.85%) SAN
5 7 (0.66%) PuTTY
5 7 (0.66%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.66%) Wireshark
6 6 (0.57%) LAN
6 6 (0.57%) WAN
7 5 (0.47%) AMQP
7 5 (0.47%) Cisco ASA
8 4 (0.38%) SSL
9 3 (0.28%) Intranet
9 3 (0.28%) Unified Communications
10 2 (0.19%) DHCP
10 2 (0.19%) HTTPS
10 2 (0.19%) Internet
10 2 (0.19%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 321 (30.40%) SQL Server
2 169 (16.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 150 (14.20%) Data Warehouse
4 114 (10.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 94 (8.90%) Power BI
6 87 (8.24%) NoSQL
7 80 (7.58%) Big Data
8 76 (7.20%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 68 (6.44%) Relational Database
10 65 (6.16%) Hadoop
11 43 (4.07%) Azure SQL Database
12 39 (3.69%) SQL Server 2008
13 37 (3.50%) MongoDB
14 33 (3.13%) Apache Hive
15 28 (2.65%) MySQL
16 27 (2.56%) Cosmos DB
17 26 (2.46%) SQL Server 2012
18 25 (2.37%) BigQuery
18 25 (2.37%) Data Lake
18 25 (2.37%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 63 (5.97%) Jenkins
2 61 (5.78%) Git (software)
3 54 (5.11%) JIRA
4 42 (3.98%) Team Foundation Server
5 39 (3.69%) Visual Studio
6 36 (3.41%) Selenium
7 31 (2.94%) TeamCity
8 26 (2.46%) Visual Studio Team System
9 19 (1.80%) Cucumber
10 18 (1.70%) Maven
10 18 (1.70%) SpecFlow
11 17 (1.61%) JUnit
11 17 (1.61%) Subversion
12 12 (1.14%) Octopus Deploy
13 11 (1.04%) Gradle
14 9 (0.85%) Eclipse
15 8 (0.76%) JIRA Agile
15 8 (0.76%) JMeter
15 8 (0.76%) Mockito
16 7 (0.66%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 382 (36.17%) Finance
2 147 (13.92%) Banking
3 73 (6.91%) Front Office
4 40 (3.79%) Investment Banking
5 29 (2.75%) Retail
6 27 (2.56%) Marketing
7 24 (2.27%) Financial Institution
8 15 (1.42%) Back Office
9 12 (1.14%) Billing
10 11 (1.04%) Telecoms
11 10 (0.95%) Legal
12 9 (0.85%) Law
13 8 (0.76%) Retail Banking
14 7 (0.66%) General Ledger
15 6 (0.57%) Advertising
16 5 (0.47%) Publishing
17 3 (0.28%) Games
18 2 (0.19%) Prime Brokerage
19 1 (0.095%) Digital Economy
19 1 (0.095%) Social Science
Job Titles
1 576 (54.55%) Developer
2 175 (16.57%) Analyst
3 128 (12.12%) SQL Developer
4 123 (11.65%) .NET Developer
5 102 (9.66%) C# Developer
6 91 (8.62%) Java Developer
7 73 (6.91%) Business Intelligence Developer
8 63 (5.97%) Senior Developer
9 52 (4.92%) C# .NET Developer
10 49 (4.64%) Data Engineer
11 41 (3.88%) Data Analyst
12 39 (3.69%) Consultant
13 35 (3.31%) Business Analyst
14 34 (3.22%) Azure Developer
14 34 (3.22%) SSIS Developer
15 33 (3.13%) SQL Analyst
16 27 (2.56%) Angular Developer
16 27 (2.56%) Architect
17 26 (2.46%) SQL BI Developer
18 24 (2.27%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 215 (20.36%) .NET
2 71 (6.72%) ASP.NET
3 68 (6.44%) HTML
4 64 (6.06%) AngularJS
5 59 (5.59%) CSS
6 56 (5.30%) ASP.NET Web API
6 56 (5.30%) Spring
7 55 (5.21%) REST
8 54 (5.11%) .NET Framework
8 54 (5.11%) React
8 54 (5.11%) XML
9 50 (4.73%) Kafka
10 48 (4.55%) Entity Framework
11 44 (4.17%) WCF
12 39 (3.69%) .NET Core
13 37 (3.50%) WPF
14 36 (3.41%) ASP.NET MVC
15 32 (3.03%) Angular 2
15 32 (3.03%) JSON
16 29 (2.75%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 88 (8.33%) Greenfield Project
2 78 (7.39%) Analytical Skills
3 54 (5.11%) Fintech
4 44 (4.17%) Data Structures
5 40 (3.79%) Fixed Income
6 39 (3.69%) Algorithms
7 37 (3.50%) Computer Science
8 35 (3.31%) Reinsurance
9 23 (2.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 22 (2.08%) Equities
11 21 (1.99%) Derivative
12 18 (1.70%) Hedge funds
12 18 (1.70%) Self-Motivation
13 15 (1.42%) Client/Server
14 14 (1.33%) Wiki
15 13 (1.23%) Market Risk
16 12 (1.14%) Credit Risk
16 12 (1.14%) Tandem
17 11 (1.04%) User Experience
18 10 (0.95%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 102 (9.66%) Windows
2 94 (8.90%) Linux
3 80 (7.58%) Unix
4 38 (3.60%) Windows Server
5 19 (1.80%) Windows Server 2008
6 18 (1.70%) Windows 7
7 13 (1.23%) Windows 10
8 9 (0.85%) Windows Server 2012
9 4 (0.38%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.38%) Windows 8
10 3 (0.28%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.28%) Solaris
10 3 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
11 2 (0.19%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.095%) AIX
12 1 (0.095%) Android
12 1 (0.095%) HPUX
12 1 (0.095%) SUSE
12 1 (0.095%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 324 (30.68%) Agile Software Development
2 193 (18.28%) Business Intelligence
3 145 (13.73%) ETL
4 130 (12.31%) TDD
5 126 (11.93%) Analytics
6 108 (10.23%) Microservices
7 93 (8.81%) Scrum
8 91 (8.62%) Test Automation
9 82 (7.77%) MVC
10 80 (7.58%) Data Modelling
11 77 (7.29%) Continuous Integration
12 76 (7.20%) Data Analysis
13 75 (7.10%) DevOps
14 66 (6.25%) Problem-Solving
15 64 (6.06%) BDD
15 64 (6.06%) Data Science
16 62 (5.87%) Visualisation
17 60 (5.68%) OO
18 59 (5.59%) SDLC
19 58 (5.49%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 252 (23.86%) C#
2 173 (16.38%) Java
3 161 (15.25%) Python
4 148 (14.02%) T-SQL
5 127 (12.03%) JavaScript
6 84 (7.95%) PowerShell
7 68 (6.44%) VBA
8 48 (4.55%) R
9 37 (3.50%) PL/SQL
9 37 (3.50%) Shell Script
10 35 (3.31%) Scala
11 34 (3.22%) Java 8
12 33 (3.13%) C
13 28 (2.65%) Bash Shell
14 25 (2.37%) VB.NET
15 23 (2.18%) C++
16 22 (2.08%) Perl
17 19 (1.80%) PHP
18 18 (1.70%) Korn
19 16 (1.52%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 81 (7.67%) Degree
2 15 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
3 14 (1.33%) Security Cleared
4 12 (1.14%) SC Cleared
5 9 (0.85%) Master's Degree
5 9 (0.85%) Numerate Degree
6 7 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (0.47%) CCNA
7 5 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
7 5 (0.47%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.28%) ISEB
8 3 (0.28%) MCSA
8 3 (0.28%) MCSE
9 2 (0.19%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.19%) MBA
9 2 (0.19%) PhD
9 2 (0.19%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.095%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.095%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (4.45%) QA
2 40 (3.79%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.66%) SLA
4 4 (0.38%) MiFID
5 3 (0.28%) Basel III
5 3 (0.28%) IFRS
5 3 (0.28%) Solvency II
6 2 (0.19%) GDPR
7 1 (0.095%) COREP
7 1 (0.095%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.095%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 1 (0.095%) FINREP
7 1 (0.095%) GCP
7 1 (0.095%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.095%) ISO 22301
7 1 (0.095%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.095%) SEPA
System Software
1 54 (5.11%) Docker
2 35 (3.31%) Active Directory
3 22 (2.08%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (1.61%) HDFS
5 9 (0.85%) BitLocker
6 7 (0.66%) Apache Flume
6 7 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
7 5 (0.47%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.28%) vSphere
8 3 (0.28%) XenApp
9 2 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.19%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.19%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.095%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.095%) Platform Symphony
10 1 (0.095%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 31 (2.94%) Opscode Chef
2 28 (2.65%) Ansible
3 26 (2.46%) Kubernetes
3 26 (2.46%) Puppet
4 24 (2.27%) SCCM
5 17 (1.61%) Terraform
6 16 (1.52%) Hadoop YARN
7 12 (1.14%) Oozie
8 11 (1.04%) Kibana
9 9 (0.85%) AirWatch
9 9 (0.85%) logstash
10 6 (0.57%) SCOM
10 6 (0.57%) WSUS
11 5 (0.47%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.38%) Control-M
12 4 (0.38%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.38%) Nagios
13 3 (0.28%) Grafana
13 3 (0.28%) HP ALM
14 2 (0.19%) Fluentd
Vendors
1 168 (15.91%) Microsoft
2 127 (12.03%) Oracle
3 83 (7.86%) Tableau
4 50 (4.73%) Google
5 36 (3.41%) VMware
6 23 (2.18%) Salesforce.com
7 18 (1.70%) Cisco
8 16 (1.52%) Citrix
8 16 (1.52%) IBM
9 15 (1.42%) Talend
10 14 (1.33%) Informatica
11 13 (1.23%) Charles River
11 13 (1.23%) Cloudera
11 13 (1.23%) iManage
12 11 (1.04%) Dell
12 11 (1.04%) HP
13 10 (0.95%) Alteryx
13 10 (0.95%) ServiceNow
13 10 (0.95%) Sybase
14 9 (0.85%) SolarWinds