Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 6 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 +2
Contract jobs citing SQL 521 360 1,017
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 15.34% 14.86% 15.42%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.93% 29.80% 30.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 380 265 804
10th Percentile £406 £363 £363
25th Percentile £473 £415 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £558 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +12.63% -1.00% -
75th Percentile £644 £575 £575
90th Percentile £750 £650 £663
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 4 5
10th Percentile £23.54 £24.48 £21.65
25th Percentile £26.25 £25.94 £22.25
Median hourly rate £32.00 £33.00 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year -3.03% -5.71% +72.84%
75th Percentile £37.75 £39.25 £37.50
90th Percentile " " "
Central London median hourly rate £27.50 £33.68 £35.00
% change year-on-year -18.34% -3.79% +72.84%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,582 1,208 3,291
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 46.57% 49.88% 49.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,218 940 2,690
10th Percentile £406 £367 £406
25th Percentile £470 £438 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £585 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +11.38% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £613
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 10 22
10th Percentile £24.19 £26.43 "
25th Percentile £26.00 £33.31 £21.00
Median hourly rate £33.50 £38.50 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -12.99% +75.00% +2.33%
75th Percentile £37.75 £52.38 £37.50
90th Percentile £47.43 £57.88 £51.04
Central London median hourly rate £27.50 £38.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year -28.57% +71.11% +4.65%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -4 4 £600 -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 229 (43.95%) Agile Software Development
2 182 (34.93%) Finance
3 178 (34.17%) Azure
4 134 (25.72%) .NET
5 130 (24.95%) C#
6 116 (22.26%) DevOps
7 115 (22.07%) Python
8 114 (21.88%) Business Intelligence
9 111 (21.31%) Analytics
10 107 (20.54%) TDD
11 102 (19.58%) Banking
12 95 (18.23%) AWS
13 85 (16.31%) Social Skills
14 84 (16.12%) Visualisation
15 80 (15.36%) Data Warehouse
15 80 (15.36%) Power Platform
16 79 (15.16%) Power BI
17 73 (14.01%) Data Analysis
18 72 (13.82%) Git (software)
19 70 (13.44%) AngularJS
20 64 (12.28%) Java
21 63 (12.09%) Oracle
22 62 (11.90%) Data Modelling
22 62 (11.90%) Problem-Solving
23 61 (11.71%) SQL Server
24 60 (11.52%) Analytical Skills
25 57 (10.94%) ETL
25 57 (10.94%) Degree
26 56 (10.75%) Data Visualisation
27 54 (10.36%) Continuous Integration

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (5.37%) Apache Spark
2 18 (3.45%) Jupyter
3 16 (3.07%) SharePoint
4 8 (1.54%) Apache
5 7 (1.34%) Apache Airflow
6 6 (1.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 6 (1.15%) SAS
7 4 (0.77%) CMS
7 4 (0.77%) Confluence
8 3 (0.58%) IIS
8 3 (0.58%) nginx
8 3 (0.58%) Oracle Coherence
9 2 (0.38%) Elasticsearch
9 2 (0.38%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (0.38%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.19%) ArcGIS
10 1 (0.19%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.19%) JBoss
10 1 (0.19%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.19%) WildFly
Applications
1 38 (7.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (3.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.38%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
3 2 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (1.54%) Summit
2 4 (0.77%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.38%) Eikon
3 2 (0.38%) Elite 3E
3 2 (0.38%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.38%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.19%) Front Arena
4 1 (0.19%) Global One
4 1 (0.19%) Oracle 11i
4 1 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.19%) Orchestrade
4 1 (0.19%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 178 (34.17%) Azure
2 95 (18.23%) AWS
3 80 (15.36%) Power Platform
4 24 (4.61%) GCP
5 19 (3.65%) Serverless
6 15 (2.88%) Azure Data Factory
6 15 (2.88%) Microsoft 365
7 12 (2.30%) Azure Functions
7 12 (2.30%) GitHub
8 10 (1.92%) PaaS
9 9 (1.73%) Snowflake
10 8 (1.54%) Amazon S3
10 8 (1.54%) Power Automate
11 7 (1.34%) Azure Logic Apps
12 6 (1.15%) PowerApps
12 6 (1.15%) SaaS
13 5 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
13 5 (0.96%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 5 (0.96%) Azure Key Vault
14 4 (0.77%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.69%) HTTP
2 6 (1.15%) TCP/IP
3 4 (0.77%) HTTPS
4 3 (0.58%) DNS
4 3 (0.58%) Firewall
5 2 (0.38%) Broadband
5 2 (0.38%) DHCP
5 2 (0.38%) Kerberos
5 2 (0.38%) Unified Communications
6 1 (0.19%) FTP
6 1 (0.19%) Internet
6 1 (0.19%) Remote Desktop
6 1 (0.19%) SMTP
6 1 (0.19%) SSH
6 1 (0.19%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (15.36%) Data Warehouse
2 79 (15.16%) Power BI
3 61 (11.71%) SQL Server
4 50 (9.60%) Tableau
5 37 (7.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 35 (6.72%) Big Data
7 34 (6.53%) QlikView
8 28 (5.37%) NoSQL
9 23 (4.41%) Relational Database
10 22 (4.22%) Data Lake
11 21 (4.03%) Azure SQL Database
12 20 (3.84%) MongoDB
13 19 (3.65%) Hadoop
13 19 (3.65%) PostgreSQL
14 18 (3.45%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 18 (3.45%) Tableau Desktop
14 18 (3.45%) Tableau Server
15 17 (3.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 16 (3.07%) Qlik Sense
17 14 (2.69%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 72 (13.82%) Git (software)
2 35 (6.72%) JIRA
3 34 (6.53%) Visual Studio
4 26 (4.99%) Jenkins
5 18 (3.45%) Octopus Deploy
6 9 (1.73%) Bitbucket
7 8 (1.54%) TeamCity
8 6 (1.15%) Cucumber
8 6 (1.15%) Selenium
9 5 (0.96%) GitLab
9 5 (0.96%) Maven
9 5 (0.96%) SpecFlow
9 5 (0.96%) Subversion
10 4 (0.77%) IBM UrbanCode
10 4 (0.77%) Jasmine
10 4 (0.77%) JSUnit
10 4 (0.77%) Karma Test Runner
11 3 (0.58%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 3 (0.58%) Team Foundation Server
11 3 (0.58%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 182 (34.93%) Finance
2 102 (19.58%) Banking
3 85 (16.31%) Social Skills
4 60 (11.52%) Analytical Skills
5 52 (9.98%) Front Office
6 51 (9.79%) Investment Banking
7 35 (6.72%) Marketing
8 20 (3.84%) Presentation Skills
9 19 (3.65%) Legal
10 9 (1.73%) Public Sector
11 8 (1.54%) Retail
12 5 (0.96%) Documentation Skills
12 5 (0.96%) Financial Institution
12 5 (0.96%) Games
13 4 (0.77%) Advertising
13 4 (0.77%) Law
14 3 (0.58%) Back Office
14 3 (0.58%) International Banking
15 2 (0.38%) General Ledger
15 2 (0.38%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 233 (44.72%) Developer
2 118 (22.65%) Analyst
3 90 (17.27%) C# Developer
4 47 (9.02%) Business Analyst
5 44 (8.45%) Data Engineer
5 44 (8.45%) SQL Analyst
6 29 (5.57%) Business Intelligence Analyst
7 28 (5.37%) Data Scientist
8 26 (4.99%) Architect
8 26 (4.99%) SQL Developer
9 25 (4.80%) Data Analyst
10 24 (4.61%) Data Business Analyst
10 24 (4.61%) SQL Data Analyst
11 21 (4.03%) Insurance Business Analyst
11 21 (4.03%) Java Developer
12 20 (3.84%) Python Developer
13 18 (3.45%) Business Intelligence Business Analyst
14 16 (3.07%) .NET Developer
14 16 (3.07%) Analyst Developer
15 13 (2.50%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 134 (25.72%) .NET
2 70 (13.44%) AngularJS
3 38 (7.29%) HTML
4 34 (6.53%) React
5 32 (6.14%) Spring
6 29 (5.57%) CSS
7 26 (4.99%) XML
8 24 (4.61%) Node.js
9 21 (4.03%) .NET Core
9 21 (4.03%) Kafka
9 21 (4.03%) Web Services
10 20 (3.84%) D3.js
11 19 (3.65%) RESTful
12 17 (3.26%) Shiny
13 16 (3.07%) jQuery
14 15 (2.88%) HTML5
14 15 (2.88%) Spring Boot
15 14 (2.69%) ASP.NET
15 14 (2.69%) JSON
15 14 (2.69%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 52 (9.98%) Derivative
2 49 (9.40%) Fixed Income
3 33 (6.33%) Algorithms
3 33 (6.33%) Management Information System
4 29 (5.57%) Interest Rate Derivative
5 25 (4.80%) Self-Motivation
6 24 (4.61%) Data Structures
7 23 (4.41%) Social Media
8 22 (4.22%) Credit Risk
9 16 (3.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 14 (2.69%) Market Risk
11 11 (2.11%) Reinsurance
12 9 (1.73%) Client/Server
13 8 (1.54%) Equities
14 7 (1.34%) Greenfield Project
15 6 (1.15%) iSeries
16 5 (0.96%) Virtual Team
17 4 (0.77%) Legacy Systems
17 4 (0.77%) NHS
17 4 (0.77%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 23 (4.41%) Windows
2 22 (4.22%) Linux
3 14 (2.69%) Unix
4 8 (1.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 5 (0.96%) Windows Server 2012
6 3 (0.58%) VMS
6 3 (0.58%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (0.38%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 229 (43.95%) Agile Software Development
2 116 (22.26%) DevOps
3 114 (21.88%) Business Intelligence
4 111 (21.31%) Analytics
5 107 (20.54%) TDD
6 84 (16.12%) Visualisation
7 73 (14.01%) Data Analysis
8 62 (11.90%) Data Modelling
8 62 (11.90%) Problem-Solving
9 57 (10.94%) ETL
10 56 (10.75%) Data Visualisation
11 54 (10.36%) Continuous Integration
12 49 (9.40%) Data Science
13 48 (9.21%) Software Engineering
14 43 (8.25%) User Stories
15 41 (7.87%) Asset Management
15 41 (7.87%) Investment Management
16 39 (7.49%) Test Automation
17 37 (7.10%) BDD
17 37 (7.10%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 130 (24.95%) C#
2 115 (22.07%) Python
3 64 (12.28%) Java
4 50 (9.60%) TypeScript
5 46 (8.83%) JavaScript
6 31 (5.95%) R
7 29 (5.57%) PowerShell
7 29 (5.57%) VBA
8 27 (5.18%) T-SQL
9 25 (4.80%) PL/SQL
10 15 (2.88%) C++
11 13 (2.50%) Perl
11 13 (2.50%) Scala
12 8 (1.54%) Shell Script
13 7 (1.34%) Java 8
14 6 (1.15%) C
14 6 (1.15%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
14 6 (1.15%) VB
15 5 (0.96%) VB.NET
16 4 (0.77%) ES6
Qualifications
1 57 (10.94%) Degree
2 8 (1.54%) Security Cleared
3 7 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (1.34%) ITIL Certification
3 7 (1.34%) SC Cleared
4 3 (0.58%) AWS Certification
5 2 (0.38%) ISEB
5 2 (0.38%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
5 2 (0.38%) PhD
6 1 (0.19%) CISSP
6 1 (0.19%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.19%) MBA
6 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.19%) OCP
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle Certification
6 1 (0.19%) PRINCE2 Certification
6 1 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (2.88%) QA
2 10 (1.92%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.96%) GDPR
4 4 (0.77%) PMO
5 3 (0.58%) EMIR
5 3 (0.58%) IFRS
5 3 (0.58%) MiFID
6 2 (0.38%) NCSC
7 1 (0.19%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.19%) SLA
7 1 (0.19%) Solvency II
System Software
1 26 (4.99%) Docker
2 11 (2.11%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.77%) HDFS
4 3 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
4 3 (0.58%) Platform Symphony
4 3 (0.58%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.38%) XenApp
5 2 (0.38%) XenDesktop
6 1 (0.19%) RACF
6 1 (0.19%) Terminal Services
6 1 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
6 1 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.19%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 22 (4.22%) Kubernetes
2 12 (2.30%) Terraform
3 5 (0.96%) Hadoop YARN
4 3 (0.58%) Ambari
4 3 (0.58%) Data Guard
4 3 (0.58%) Grafana
4 3 (0.58%) HP Quality Center
5 2 (0.38%) Ansible
5 2 (0.38%) Control-M
6 1 (0.19%) CA Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.19%) CASB
6 1 (0.19%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
6 1 (0.19%) Istio
6 1 (0.19%) ITRS Geneos
6 1 (0.19%) Marathon
6 1 (0.19%) Oozie
6 1 (0.19%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.19%) QRadar
6 1 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.19%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 63 (12.09%) Oracle
2 53 (10.17%) Microsoft
3 26 (4.99%) Alteryx
4 24 (4.61%) Salesforce.com
5 16 (3.07%) Databricks
6 9 (1.73%) Google
7 7 (1.34%) IBM
7 7 (1.34%) Informatica
8 6 (1.15%) Citrix
8 6 (1.15%) Cloudera
8 6 (1.15%) Red Hat
9 5 (0.96%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 5 (0.96%) SAP
9 5 (0.96%) Solace
9 5 (0.96%) Splunk
9 5 (0.96%) Talend
10 4 (0.77%) Anaplan
10 4 (0.77%) VMware
10 4 (0.77%) Workday
11 3 (0.58%) Hortonworks