Period
to 5 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 5 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
5 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 5 7
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 856 1,098 1,165
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.89% 15.34% 16.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.10% 28.23% 30.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 680 885 961
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -2.44% +13.89%
10th Percentile £350 £363 £363
90th Percentile £650 £625 £675
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 7 10
City of London median hourly rate £21.92 £37.09 £22.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -40.91% +61.31% +15.42%
10th Percentile £21.17 £16.20 £13.35
90th Percentile £23.32 £85.21 £33.75
Central London median hourly rate £21.92 £37.09 £21.50
% change year-on-year -40.91% +72.51% +7.93%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,844 3,889 3,785
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.47% 54.32% 52.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,294 3,251 3,156
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £388 £381 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 13
City of London median hourly rate £28.00 £37.09 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.51% +72.51% -21.82%
10th Percentile £21.13 £16.10 £14.53
90th Percentile £57.40 £74.46 £30.00
Central London median hourly rate £28.00 £37.09 £22.99
% change year-on-year -24.51% +61.31% -16.39%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 5 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +25 15 £550 +4.76%
Moorgate +5 15 £550 -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 5 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 276 (32.24%) Finance
2 270 (31.54%) SQL Server
3 251 (29.32%) Agile Software Development
4 230 (26.87%) Azure
5 204 (23.83%) Microsoft
6 193 (22.55%) Python
7 187 (21.85%) Business Intelligence
8 175 (20.44%) .NET
9 163 (19.04%) ETL
10 156 (18.22%) C#
10 156 (18.22%) Java
11 142 (16.59%) Data Warehouse
12 130 (15.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 123 (14.37%) Oracle
14 111 (12.97%) Analytics
15 107 (12.50%) AWS
15 107 (12.50%) Banking
16 104 (12.15%) Power Platform
17 103 (12.03%) TDD
17 103 (12.03%) Migration
18 102 (11.92%) Data Modelling
19 100 (11.68%) T-SQL
19 100 (11.68%) Power BI
20 99 (11.57%) DevOps
21 96 (11.21%) JavaScript
22 81 (9.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
23 76 (8.88%) Windows
24 71 (8.29%) Docker
24 71 (8.29%) Microservices
24 71 (8.29%) PowerShell

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 53 (6.19%) Apache Spark
1 53 (6.19%) SharePoint
2 31 (3.62%) Confluence
3 25 (2.92%) Elasticsearch
4 19 (2.22%) IIS
5 16 (1.87%) SAS
6 14 (1.64%) WebLogic
7 10 (1.17%) Apache
7 10 (1.17%) Apache Airflow
8 9 (1.05%) Oracle Workflow
9 8 (0.93%) CMS
10 7 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 6 (0.70%) Tomcat
11 6 (0.70%) WebLogic Integration
12 5 (0.58%) Jupyter
12 5 (0.58%) Luigi
12 5 (0.58%) SharePoint 2013
12 5 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
12 5 (0.58%) Skype for Business
12 5 (0.58%) Umbraco
Applications
1 61 (7.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (2.10%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 8 (0.93%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.58%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.23%) SPSS
6 1 (0.12%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 22 (2.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.93%) Oracle FAH
2 8 (0.93%) Oracle Financials
3 7 (0.82%) Dynamics AX
3 7 (0.82%) Oracle Assets
3 7 (0.82%) Oracle Cash Management
3 7 (0.82%) Oracle General Ledger
3 7 (0.82%) Oracle Internet Expenses
3 7 (0.82%) Oracle Payables
3 7 (0.82%) Oracle Receivables
4 6 (0.70%) Unit4 Business World
5 5 (0.58%) Oracle ERP
5 5 (0.58%) Oracle iProcurement
5 5 (0.58%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 5 (0.58%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 4 (0.47%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.35%) Temenos T24
8 2 (0.23%) BusinessWorks
8 2 (0.23%) HFM
Cloud Services
1 230 (26.87%) Azure
2 107 (12.50%) AWS
3 104 (12.15%) Power Platform
4 50 (5.84%) GCP
5 44 (5.14%) Office 365
6 39 (4.56%) Azure Data Factory
7 32 (3.74%) Serverless
8 25 (2.92%) Azure Active Directory
9 23 (2.69%) PaaS
10 22 (2.57%) GitHub
11 16 (1.87%) Amazon S3
11 16 (1.87%) Cloud Computing
12 15 (1.75%) PowerApps
13 14 (1.64%) Azure Functions
14 13 (1.52%) Data Lake Analytics
15 11 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
15 11 (1.29%) Dynamics 365
15 11 (1.29%) SaaS
16 9 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
16 9 (1.05%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.45%) Firewall
2 12 (1.40%) DNS
2 12 (1.40%) LAN
3 11 (1.29%) WAN
4 8 (0.93%) Internet
4 8 (0.93%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.82%) DHCP
6 6 (0.70%) MPLS
7 5 (0.58%) SAN
8 4 (0.47%) FTP
8 4 (0.47%) Intranet
8 4 (0.47%) IP Telephony
9 3 (0.35%) Intrusion Detection
9 3 (0.35%) NAS
9 3 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
10 2 (0.23%) Fibre Channel
10 2 (0.23%) Remote Desktop
10 2 (0.23%) SSH
10 2 (0.23%) VLAN
10 2 (0.23%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 270 (31.54%) SQL Server
2 142 (16.59%) Data Warehouse
3 130 (15.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 100 (11.68%) Power BI
5 81 (9.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 66 (7.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 65 (7.59%) Azure SQL Database
7 65 (7.59%) NoSQL
8 57 (6.66%) Big Data
8 57 (6.66%) Hadoop
9 45 (5.26%) PostgreSQL
9 45 (5.26%) Relational Database
10 42 (4.91%) Data Lake
11 34 (3.97%) Oracle Database
12 29 (3.39%) MySQL
13 25 (2.92%) SQL Server 2008
14 23 (2.69%) Cosmos DB
15 22 (2.57%) Apache Hive
16 21 (2.45%) MongoDB
17 20 (2.34%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 69 (8.06%) Git (software)
2 59 (6.89%) JIRA
3 47 (5.49%) Jenkins
4 39 (4.56%) Visual Studio
5 27 (3.15%) Team Foundation Server
6 26 (3.04%) TeamCity
7 20 (2.34%) Selenium
8 17 (1.99%) Eclipse
9 15 (1.75%) Cucumber
9 15 (1.75%) Maven
9 15 (1.75%) Octopus Deploy
10 12 (1.40%) SpecFlow
11 11 (1.29%) JUnit
12 10 (1.17%) Subversion
13 9 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 9 (1.05%) gulp
14 8 (0.93%) NUnit
14 8 (0.93%) Visual Studio Team System
15 7 (0.82%) Travis CI
16 6 (0.70%) Gradle
General
1 276 (32.24%) Finance
2 107 (12.50%) Banking
3 42 (4.91%) Front Office
4 27 (3.15%) Investment Banking
5 19 (2.22%) Public Sector
5 19 (2.22%) Retail
6 13 (1.52%) Marketing
7 10 (1.17%) Financial Institution
7 10 (1.17%) Legal
8 8 (0.93%) Back Office
8 8 (0.93%) Law
8 8 (0.93%) Retail Banking
9 6 (0.70%) International Banking
9 6 (0.70%) Publishing
10 5 (0.58%) Games
11 4 (0.47%) General Ledger
12 3 (0.35%) Telecoms
13 2 (0.23%) Advertising
14 1 (0.12%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.12%) Billing
Job Titles
1 408 (47.66%) Developer
2 128 (14.95%) Analyst
3 91 (10.63%) SQL Developer
4 61 (7.13%) .NET Developer
5 60 (7.01%) Java Developer
6 58 (6.78%) Business Intelligence Developer
7 57 (6.66%) C# Developer
8 52 (6.07%) Data Engineer
9 49 (5.72%) Senior Developer
10 46 (5.37%) Architect
11 38 (4.44%) Data Analyst
12 33 (3.86%) Azure Engineer
12 33 (3.86%) Business Analyst
13 32 (3.74%) Azure Developer
13 32 (3.74%) Python Developer
14 25 (2.92%) C# .NET Developer
14 25 (2.92%) DBA
15 23 (2.69%) Consultant
16 22 (2.57%) ETL Developer
16 22 (2.57%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 175 (20.44%) .NET
2 67 (7.83%) AngularJS
3 57 (6.66%) Web Services
4 51 (5.96%) XML
5 48 (5.61%) REST
6 42 (4.91%) CSS
7 41 (4.79%) HTML
8 38 (4.44%) .NET Framework
8 38 (4.44%) JSON
8 38 (4.44%) Kafka
8 38 (4.44%) React
9 35 (4.09%) Spring
10 33 (3.86%) .NET Core
10 33 (3.86%) ASP.NET Web API
11 32 (3.74%) RESTful
12 27 (3.15%) ASP.NET
13 20 (2.34%) Spring Boot
14 18 (2.10%) MDX
14 18 (2.10%) SOAP
15 17 (1.99%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 54 (6.31%) Analytical Skills
2 42 (4.91%) Greenfield Project
3 31 (3.62%) Data Structures
4 27 (3.15%) Reinsurance
5 22 (2.57%) Equities
6 19 (2.22%) Algorithms
7 15 (1.75%) Derivative
8 14 (1.64%) Fixed Income
8 14 (1.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 13 (1.52%) User Experience
10 12 (1.40%) Public Cloud
11 9 (1.05%) Management Information System
12 8 (0.93%) Clustering
12 8 (0.93%) Replication
13 7 (0.82%) Credit Risk
13 7 (0.82%) Hedge funds
14 6 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
14 6 (0.70%) Self-Motivation
15 5 (0.58%) Enterprise Software
15 5 (0.58%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 76 (8.88%) Windows
2 68 (7.94%) Linux
3 49 (5.72%) Unix
4 20 (2.34%) Windows Server
5 14 (1.64%) Windows Server 2008
6 8 (0.93%) Windows Server 2012
7 6 (0.70%) Windows 10
8 5 (0.58%) Android
8 5 (0.58%) Apple iOS
8 5 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.23%) CentOS
9 2 (0.23%) Debian
9 2 (0.23%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.23%) Solaris
9 2 (0.23%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.23%) VMS
9 2 (0.23%) Windows 7
9 2 (0.23%) Windows 8
10 1 (0.12%) AIX
10 1 (0.12%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 251 (29.32%) Agile Software Development
2 187 (21.85%) Business Intelligence
3 163 (19.04%) ETL
4 111 (12.97%) Analytics
5 103 (12.03%) Migration
5 103 (12.03%) TDD
6 102 (11.92%) Data Modelling
7 99 (11.57%) DevOps
8 71 (8.29%) Microservices
9 66 (7.71%) Test Automation
10 61 (7.13%) Data Analysis
11 58 (6.78%) Data Science
12 53 (6.19%) Problem-Solving
13 52 (6.07%) Scrum
14 45 (5.26%) Continuous Integration
15 42 (4.91%) MVC
16 40 (4.67%) Computer Science
17 38 (4.44%) Workflow
18 37 (4.32%) Software Engineering
19 36 (4.21%) OO
Programming Languages
1 193 (22.55%) Python
2 156 (18.22%) C#
2 156 (18.22%) Java
3 100 (11.68%) T-SQL
4 96 (11.21%) JavaScript
5 71 (8.29%) PowerShell
6 60 (7.01%) PL/SQL
6 60 (7.01%) Scala
7 30 (3.50%) R
8 27 (3.15%) Perl
9 24 (2.80%) C++
10 23 (2.69%) VBA
11 18 (2.10%) Bash Shell
11 18 (2.10%) VB
12 17 (1.99%) Ruby
12 17 (1.99%) Shell Script
13 16 (1.87%) Java 8
14 15 (1.75%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 14 (1.64%) TypeScript
16 12 (1.40%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 41 (4.79%) Degree
2 38 (4.44%) Security Cleared
3 35 (4.09%) SC Cleared
4 10 (1.17%) Microsoft Certification
5 7 (0.82%) Computer Science Degree
6 5 (0.58%) PhD
7 4 (0.47%) BC Cleared
7 4 (0.47%) MCITP
8 3 (0.35%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.35%) HNC
8 3 (0.35%) HND
8 3 (0.35%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.35%) MCP
9 2 (0.23%) ISEB
9 2 (0.23%) MCSA
9 2 (0.23%) MCSE
10 1 (0.12%) CCIE
10 1 (0.12%) CCNA
10 1 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.12%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (4.67%) QA
2 34 (3.97%) Data Quality
3 12 (1.40%) SLA
4 8 (0.93%) GDPR
5 6 (0.70%) MiFID
6 5 (0.58%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 3 (0.35%) IFRS
7 3 (0.35%) Solvency II
8 2 (0.23%) COREP
8 2 (0.23%) EMIR
8 2 (0.23%) FINREP
8 2 (0.23%) PMO
9 1 (0.12%) Basel III
9 1 (0.12%) DICOM
9 1 (0.12%) HL7
9 1 (0.12%) WCAG
System Software
1 71 (8.29%) Docker
2 56 (6.54%) Active Directory
3 15 (1.75%) Virtual Machines
4 11 (1.29%) HDFS
5 10 (1.17%) Oracle RAC
5 10 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.58%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (0.47%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.12%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 1 (0.12%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.12%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.12%) vSphere
8 1 (0.12%) XenApp
8 1 (0.12%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 56 (6.54%) Kubernetes
2 20 (2.34%) SCCM
3 16 (1.87%) Terraform
4 14 (1.64%) Hadoop YARN
4 14 (1.64%) Microsoft Intune
5 9 (1.05%) Ansible
6 7 (0.82%) Marathon
6 7 (0.82%) Mesos
7 6 (0.70%) Istio
7 6 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
8 5 (0.58%) Data Guard
8 5 (0.58%) Microsoft Clustering
9 4 (0.47%) Puppet
10 3 (0.35%) MIIS
10 3 (0.35%) Oozie
10 3 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
10 3 (0.35%) Salt
10 3 (0.35%) SCOM
11 2 (0.23%) Check_MK
11 2 (0.23%) Nagios
Vendors
1 204 (23.83%) Microsoft
2 123 (14.37%) Oracle
3 45 (5.26%) Tableau
4 38 (4.44%) Google
5 20 (2.34%) Sybase
6 17 (1.99%) VMware
7 14 (1.64%) Informatica
8 10 (1.17%) Cognos
8 10 (1.17%) Databricks
8 10 (1.17%) Sitecore
9 9 (1.05%) Alteryx
9 9 (1.05%) IBM
9 9 (1.05%) ServiceNow
10 8 (0.93%) Citrix
10 8 (0.93%) Cloudera
10 8 (0.93%) CODA
10 8 (0.93%) Red Hat
10 8 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
11 7 (0.82%) SAP
11 7 (0.82%) Teradata