Period
to 4 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 4 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
4 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 8 3 5
Rank change year-on-year -5 +2 +2
Contract jobs citing SQL 296 862 1,088
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 14.78% 14.93% 15.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.66% 30.16% 28.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 217 693 882
Median daily rate £475 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% - -2.44%
10th Percentile £290 £350 £363
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
Central London median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 7
Median hourly rate £13.50 £21.92 £37.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -38.40% -40.91% +61.31%
10th Percentile £12.75 £21.17 £16.20
90th Percentile £34.25 £23.32 £85.21
Central London median hourly rate £13.50 £21.92 £37.09
% change year-on-year -38.40% -40.91% +72.51%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 998 2,858 3,860
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.83% 49.50% 54.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 724 2,304 3,226
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £352 £388 £381
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 £37.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% -24.51% +72.51%
10th Percentile £12.75 £21.13 £16.10
90th Percentile £39.48 £57.40 £74.46
Median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 £37.09
% change year-on-year +25.00% -24.51% +61.31%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 4 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +8 1 £475 -13.64%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 4 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 101 (34.12%) Finance
2 86 (29.05%) Python
3 70 (23.65%) Azure
4 68 (22.97%) SQL Server
5 67 (22.64%) Data Warehouse
6 63 (21.28%) Agile Software Development
7 62 (20.95%) Business Intelligence
7 62 (20.95%) Microsoft
8 55 (18.58%) Banking
9 51 (17.23%) C#
9 51 (17.23%) Java
10 47 (15.88%) Oracle
11 46 (15.54%) Power BI
11 46 (15.54%) Power Platform
12 44 (14.86%) Data Modelling
13 40 (13.51%) Analytics
14 36 (12.16%) ETL
14 36 (12.16%) .NET
15 35 (11.82%) Git (software)
16 33 (11.15%) DevOps
17 32 (10.81%) Data Analysis
18 30 (10.14%) AWS
18 30 (10.14%) JavaScript
18 30 (10.14%) Windows
19 28 (9.46%) Migration
19 28 (9.46%) Jenkins
20 27 (9.12%) PL/SQL
20 27 (9.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 25 (8.45%) NoSQL
21 25 (8.45%) Azure SQL Database

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (5.07%) Apache Spark
2 13 (4.39%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (2.70%) SAS
4 7 (2.36%) SharePoint
5 5 (1.69%) Apache
6 4 (1.35%) Confluence
6 4 (1.35%) IIS
6 4 (1.35%) nginx
7 3 (1.01%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (1.01%) CMS
7 3 (1.01%) SharePoint 2010
7 3 (1.01%) Skype for Business
8 2 (0.68%) Oracle Coherence
8 2 (0.68%) Oracle Workflow
8 2 (0.68%) Tomcat
8 2 (0.68%) Tornado
8 2 (0.68%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2013
9 1 (0.34%) MQSeries
9 1 (0.34%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 16 (5.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (3.38%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.68%) InfoPath
3 2 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.34%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.34%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 2 (0.68%) thinkFolio
2 1 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.34%) Dynamics GP
2 1 (0.34%) Elite 3E
2 1 (0.34%) Northgate Housing
2 1 (0.34%) Oracle Financials
2 1 (0.34%) Siebel CRM
2 1 (0.34%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 70 (23.65%) Azure
2 46 (15.54%) Power Platform
3 30 (10.14%) AWS
4 18 (6.08%) Azure Data Factory
5 15 (5.07%) PaaS
5 15 (5.07%) Serverless
6 14 (4.73%) GCP
7 12 (4.05%) IaaS
8 9 (3.04%) Office 365
9 8 (2.70%) AWS Lambda
10 7 (2.36%) Amazon S3
11 6 (2.03%) npm
12 5 (1.69%) Azure Active Directory
12 5 (1.69%) Azure Functions
12 5 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
13 4 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (1.35%) GitHub
13 4 (1.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 3 (1.01%) Power Automate
14 3 (1.01%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 10 (3.38%) Firewall
2 7 (2.36%) DNS
3 6 (2.03%) Network Security
3 6 (2.03%) VoIP
4 5 (1.69%) BGP
4 5 (1.69%) Internet
4 5 (1.69%) MPLS
4 5 (1.69%) Skype
4 5 (1.69%) SNMP
4 5 (1.69%) TCP/IP
5 3 (1.01%) Multicast
5 3 (1.01%) SAN
6 1 (0.34%) DHCP
6 1 (0.34%) HTTP
6 1 (0.34%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.34%) Intranet
6 1 (0.34%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.34%) NAS
6 1 (0.34%) SMTP
6 1 (0.34%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (22.97%) SQL Server
2 67 (22.64%) Data Warehouse
3 46 (15.54%) Power BI
4 27 (9.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 25 (8.45%) Azure SQL Database
5 25 (8.45%) NoSQL
6 21 (7.09%) Oracle Database
7 19 (6.42%) Big Data
7 19 (6.42%) Relational Database
8 18 (6.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 17 (5.74%) PostgreSQL
9 17 (5.74%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 16 (5.41%) Hadoop
11 14 (4.73%) MySQL
12 13 (4.39%) Tableau
13 10 (3.38%) Data Lake
14 8 (2.70%) Cosmos DB
14 8 (2.70%) Neo4j
15 7 (2.36%) Amazon RDS
15 7 (2.36%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 35 (11.82%) Git (software)
2 28 (9.46%) Jenkins
3 12 (4.05%) TeamCity
4 9 (3.04%) Maven
5 8 (2.70%) Visual Studio
6 7 (2.36%) MSBuild
7 6 (2.03%) Octopus Deploy
7 6 (2.03%) Visual Studio Team System
7 6 (2.03%) webpack
8 5 (1.69%) Hudson
8 5 (1.69%) JIRA
8 5 (1.69%) Selenium
9 4 (1.35%) Cypress.io
9 4 (1.35%) GitLab
9 4 (1.35%) Team Foundation Server
10 3 (1.01%) Artifactory
10 3 (1.01%) GCC
10 3 (1.01%) GDB
10 3 (1.01%) RStudio
11 2 (0.68%) JUnit
General
1 101 (34.12%) Finance
2 55 (18.58%) Banking
3 16 (5.41%) Retail
4 14 (4.73%) Front Office
5 12 (4.05%) Investment Banking
6 11 (3.72%) Back Office
7 8 (2.70%) Financial Institution
8 7 (2.36%) Advertising
9 6 (2.03%) Marketing
10 5 (1.69%) Public Sector
11 4 (1.35%) International Banking
11 4 (1.35%) Multimedia
11 4 (1.35%) Retail Finance
12 3 (1.01%) Local Government
13 2 (0.68%) Electronics
13 2 (0.68%) Law
14 1 (0.34%) General Ledger
14 1 (0.34%) Legal
14 1 (0.34%) Manufacturing
14 1 (0.34%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 110 (37.16%) Developer
2 59 (19.93%) Analyst
3 31 (10.47%) Data Engineer
4 22 (7.43%) C# Developer
5 20 (6.76%) Business Analyst
6 19 (6.42%) SQL Developer
7 17 (5.74%) Architect
8 16 (5.41%) Java Developer
9 15 (5.07%) SQL Analyst
10 14 (4.73%) .NET Developer
10 14 (4.73%) Data Analyst
10 14 (4.73%) Full Stack Developer
11 13 (4.39%) Consultant
12 12 (4.05%) Systems Analyst
13 11 (3.72%) Business Systems Analyst
13 11 (3.72%) C# .NET Developer
14 10 (3.38%) Business Intelligence Developer
15 9 (3.04%) DBA
15 9 (3.04%) Python Developer
16 8 (2.70%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (12.16%) .NET
2 21 (7.09%) Kafka
3 15 (5.07%) CSS
3 15 (5.07%) HTML
3 15 (5.07%) Node.js
3 15 (5.07%) REST
4 14 (4.73%) .NET Framework
5 13 (4.39%) Spring
6 12 (4.05%) AngularJS
6 12 (4.05%) XML
7 11 (3.72%) Elastic Stack
7 11 (3.72%) Entity Framework
7 11 (3.72%) Web Services
8 10 (3.38%) Express
8 10 (3.38%) React
9 9 (3.04%) jQuery
9 9 (3.04%) JSON
10 6 (2.03%) ASP.NET
10 6 (2.03%) Flask
10 6 (2.03%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 15 (5.07%) Analytical Skills
2 12 (4.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 10 (3.38%) Derivative
3 10 (3.38%) Fixed Income
4 8 (2.70%) Management Information System
4 8 (2.70%) Reinsurance
4 8 (2.70%) User Experience
5 6 (2.03%) Greenfield Project
5 6 (2.03%) Replication
5 6 (2.03%) Self-Motivation
6 5 (1.69%) Credit Risk
7 4 (1.35%) CCTV
7 4 (1.35%) Data Structures
7 4 (1.35%) Equity Derivative
7 4 (1.35%) Market Risk
8 3 (1.01%) Algorithms
8 3 (1.01%) Cloud Native
8 3 (1.01%) Data Centre
8 3 (1.01%) Public Cloud
8 3 (1.01%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 30 (10.14%) Windows
2 20 (6.76%) Linux
3 13 (4.39%) Unix
4 11 (3.72%) Windows Server
5 6 (2.03%) Windows Server 2008
6 5 (1.69%) Windows 7
7 4 (1.35%) Windows 10
7 4 (1.35%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.34%) Android
9 1 (0.34%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.34%) VMS
9 1 (0.34%) Windows Phone
9 1 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 63 (21.28%) Agile Software Development
2 62 (20.95%) Business Intelligence
3 44 (14.86%) Data Modelling
4 40 (13.51%) Analytics
5 36 (12.16%) ETL
6 33 (11.15%) DevOps
7 32 (10.81%) Data Analysis
8 28 (9.46%) Migration
9 24 (8.11%) Problem-Solving
10 21 (7.09%) Microservices
11 19 (6.42%) Data Science
11 19 (6.42%) Risk Management
11 19 (6.42%) Scrum
12 17 (5.74%) Business Analysis
13 15 (5.07%) Data Architecture
13 15 (5.07%) User Acceptance Testing
13 15 (5.07%) Workflow
14 14 (4.73%) Computer Science
14 14 (4.73%) Continuous Integration
14 14 (4.73%) OO
Programming Languages
1 86 (29.05%) Python
2 51 (17.23%) C#
2 51 (17.23%) Java
3 30 (10.14%) JavaScript
4 27 (9.12%) PL/SQL
5 24 (8.11%) T-SQL
6 17 (5.74%) PowerShell
7 15 (5.07%) R
8 13 (4.39%) C++
9 10 (3.38%) Perl
9 10 (3.38%) PHP
9 10 (3.38%) Scala
10 9 (3.04%) VBA
11 8 (2.70%) C
11 8 (2.70%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
12 7 (2.36%) Java 8
12 7 (2.36%) TypeScript
13 5 (1.69%) Bash Shell
13 5 (1.69%) Ruby
14 4 (1.35%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 23 (7.77%) Degree
2 15 (5.07%) SC Cleared
2 15 (5.07%) Security Cleared
3 10 (3.38%) Computer Science Degree
4 7 (2.36%) ITIL Certification
5 3 (1.01%) ACCA
5 3 (1.01%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.68%) CIMA
6 2 (0.68%) MCSE
6 2 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.34%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.34%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.34%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (3.72%) Data Quality
2 9 (3.04%) QA
3 5 (1.69%) GDPR
3 5 (1.69%) MiFID
4 2 (0.68%) COREP
4 2 (0.68%) EMIR
5 1 (0.34%) CDISC
5 1 (0.34%) IFRS
5 1 (0.34%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.34%) SLA
5 1 (0.34%) Solvency II
System Software
1 15 (5.07%) Docker
2 10 (3.38%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.35%) Oracle RAC
3 4 (1.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (1.01%) HDFS
5 2 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.34%) DFS Replication
6 1 (0.34%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.34%) UAG
Systems Management
1 13 (4.39%) Terraform
2 9 (3.04%) Kubernetes
3 8 (2.70%) Netcool
4 6 (2.03%) SCCM
5 4 (1.35%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
5 4 (1.35%) Foglight
5 4 (1.35%) MaaS360
6 3 (1.01%) Ansible
6 3 (1.01%) HP Quality Center
6 3 (1.01%) Microsoft Intune
6 3 (1.01%) RSA Archer
7 2 (0.68%) Control-M
8 1 (0.34%) Data Guard
8 1 (0.34%) Kibana
8 1 (0.34%) logstash
8 1 (0.34%) Nagios
8 1 (0.34%) Oozie
8 1 (0.34%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 1 (0.34%) Puppet
8 1 (0.34%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 62 (20.95%) Microsoft
2 47 (15.88%) Oracle
3 10 (3.38%) Cloudera
3 10 (3.38%) Google
4 9 (3.04%) Databricks
5 8 (2.70%) AppDynamics
5 8 (2.70%) SevOne
6 6 (2.03%) Alteryx
6 6 (2.03%) Informatica
7 4 (1.35%) Apple
7 4 (1.35%) Pega
7 4 (1.35%) VMware
8 3 (1.01%) Bloomberg
8 3 (1.01%) Citrix
8 3 (1.01%) Hortonworks
8 3 (1.01%) Red Hat
8 3 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (1.01%) SAP
9 2 (0.68%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 2 (0.68%) Talend