Period
to 19 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 6 7
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 975 1,038 986
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 15.14% 15.05% 15.89%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.28% 28.63% 31.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 765 839 745
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £666 £650 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 3
City of London median hourly rate £35.00 £22.00 £28.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +59.09% -22.38% -35.58%
10th Percentile £21.65 £14.35 £13.78
90th Percentile £37.50 £32.28 £29.77
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £28.79 £28.35
% change year-on-year +21.57% +1.57% -35.58%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,220 3,626 3,103
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.98% 52.57% 50.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,617 3,052 2,517
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £406 £363 £328
90th Percentile £675 £700 £659
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 21 7
City of London median hourly rate £28.75 £21.50 £28.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.72% -24.15% +9.02%
10th Percentile £21.00 £12.75 £16.65
90th Percentile £56.50 £48.25 £39.70
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £28.35
% change year-on-year +62.79% -24.15% +9.02%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -16 45 £550 +4.76%
Moorgate +2 18 £575 -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 319 (32.72%) Finance
2 263 (26.97%) Agile Software Development
3 259 (26.56%) Microsoft Azure
4 249 (25.54%) SQL Server
5 200 (20.51%) Python
6 196 (20.10%) Microsoft
7 195 (20.00%) C#
8 171 (17.54%) .NET
9 170 (17.44%) Java
10 161 (16.51%) Data Warehouse
11 155 (15.90%) Data Modelling
11 155 (15.90%) Analytics
12 152 (15.59%) Business Intelligence
13 132 (13.54%) JavaScript
14 130 (13.33%) ETL
15 129 (13.23%) Big Data
16 126 (12.92%) Banking
17 125 (12.82%) DevOps
18 122 (12.51%) Docker
18 122 (12.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 119 (12.21%) Amazon AWS
20 113 (11.59%) Power Platform
21 112 (11.49%) Power BI
22 111 (11.38%) T-SQL
23 109 (11.18%) Apache Spark
24 106 (10.87%) Data Science
24 106 (10.87%) TDD
25 104 (10.67%) Oracle
26 97 (9.95%) Linux
27 94 (9.64%) Git (software)

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (11.18%) Apache Spark
2 33 (3.38%) Elasticsearch
3 32 (3.28%) SharePoint
4 30 (3.08%) Confluence
5 21 (2.15%) IIS
6 19 (1.95%) Apache
7 13 (1.33%) SAS
7 13 (1.33%) WebLogic
8 12 (1.23%) WebSphere
9 11 (1.13%) MS Exchange
10 8 (0.82%) Skype for Business
11 7 (0.72%) IPython
12 6 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
12 6 (0.62%) CMS
12 6 (0.62%) JBoss
13 5 (0.51%) Exchange Server 2013
13 5 (0.51%) nginx
13 5 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 5 (0.51%) WebSphere Application Server
14 4 (0.41%) GlassFish
Applications
1 54 (5.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (2.05%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.72%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.41%) Photoshop
5 3 (0.31%) SPSS
5 3 (0.31%) Stata
6 2 (0.21%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.10%) HipChat
7 1 (0.10%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 13 (1.33%) SAP ERP
2 11 (1.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (1.13%) SAP Hybris
3 9 (0.92%) Dynamics NAV
3 9 (0.92%) Oracle Financials
4 6 (0.62%) Markit EDM
5 5 (0.51%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.51%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
7 2 (0.21%) Distributed Ledger
7 2 (0.21%) Global One
7 2 (0.21%) Oracle EBS R12
7 2 (0.21%) Oracle General Ledger
7 2 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.21%) Temenos T24
8 1 (0.10%) Elite 3E
8 1 (0.10%) Sage 500
8 1 (0.10%) Sage CRM
8 1 (0.10%) Sage X3
Cloud Services
1 259 (26.56%) Microsoft Azure
2 119 (12.21%) Amazon AWS
3 113 (11.59%) Power Platform
4 58 (5.95%) Google Cloud Platform
5 49 (5.03%) Serverless
6 44 (4.51%) Office 365
7 30 (3.08%) Azure Active Directory
8 26 (2.67%) Azure Data Factory
8 26 (2.67%) PaaS
9 21 (2.15%) IaaS
10 20 (2.05%) Azure Functions
11 17 (1.74%) GitHub
12 15 (1.54%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
13 14 (1.44%) Dynamics 365
14 11 (1.13%) SaaS
15 10 (1.03%) Amazon SageMaker
16 8 (0.82%) Apigee
17 7 (0.72%) Datadog
18 6 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
18 6 (0.62%) Data Lake Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 29 (2.97%) Firewall
2 25 (2.56%) DNS
3 24 (2.46%) HTTP
4 21 (2.15%) Internet
5 13 (1.33%) SAN
6 10 (1.03%) TCP/IP
7 9 (0.92%) MPLS
8 7 (0.72%) NAS
9 6 (0.62%) DHCP
9 6 (0.62%) IP Telephony
10 5 (0.51%) Fibre Channel
10 5 (0.51%) FTP
10 5 (0.51%) iSCSI
11 4 (0.41%) VPN
11 4 (0.41%) WAN
12 3 (0.31%) LAN
12 3 (0.31%) Software-Defined Networking
12 3 (0.31%) SSL
12 3 (0.31%) Wireless
12 3 (0.31%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 249 (25.54%) SQL Server
2 161 (16.51%) Data Warehouse
3 129 (13.23%) Big Data
4 122 (12.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 112 (11.49%) Power BI
6 93 (9.54%) Hadoop
7 91 (9.33%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 89 (9.13%) Azure SQL Database
9 82 (8.41%) NoSQL
10 67 (6.87%) Apache Hive
11 61 (6.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 59 (6.05%) Relational Database
13 56 (5.74%) Cosmos DB
14 52 (5.33%) Data Lake
15 50 (5.13%) OLAP
16 49 (5.03%) Star Schema
17 48 (4.92%) MySQL
17 48 (4.92%) PostgreSQL
18 45 (4.62%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
18 45 (4.62%) OLAP Cube
Development Applications
1 94 (9.64%) Git (software)
2 62 (6.36%) JIRA
3 54 (5.54%) Jenkins
4 39 (4.00%) Team Foundation Server
5 37 (3.79%) Visual Studio
6 28 (2.87%) Visual Studio Team System
7 26 (2.67%) Selenium
8 24 (2.46%) TeamCity
9 21 (2.15%) Subversion
10 19 (1.95%) SpecFlow
11 16 (1.64%) Maven
12 15 (1.54%) Cucumber
13 12 (1.23%) JUnit
13 12 (1.23%) Octopus Deploy
13 12 (1.23%) WebDriver
14 8 (0.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 8 (0.82%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 7 (0.72%) Ant
15 7 (0.72%) Eclipse
15 7 (0.72%) Fiddler
General
1 319 (32.72%) Finance
2 126 (12.92%) Banking
3 40 (4.10%) Retail
4 38 (3.90%) Investment Banking
5 36 (3.69%) Front Office
6 22 (2.26%) Marketing
7 18 (1.85%) Financial Institution
8 16 (1.64%) Back Office
9 15 (1.54%) Legal
10 13 (1.33%) Advertising
10 13 (1.33%) Retail Banking
11 8 (0.82%) French Language
11 8 (0.82%) Law
11 8 (0.82%) Publishing
12 7 (0.72%) Games
13 5 (0.51%) Italian Language
14 4 (0.41%) Dutch Language
14 4 (0.41%) German Language
14 4 (0.41%) Spanish Language
15 3 (0.31%) Billing
Job Titles
1 403 (41.33%) Developer
2 121 (12.41%) Analyst
3 100 (10.26%) Data Engineer
4 91 (9.33%) SQL Developer
5 60 (6.15%) .NET Developer
6 59 (6.05%) Architect
7 52 (5.33%) Java Developer
8 46 (4.72%) Business Intelligence Developer
9 45 (4.62%) Hadoop Engineer
10 44 (4.51%) Data Analyst
11 43 (4.41%) DBA
11 43 (4.41%) Senior Developer
12 39 (4.00%) Python Developer
13 38 (3.90%) DevOps Engineer
14 37 (3.79%) Azure Engineer
14 37 (3.79%) C# Developer
15 31 (3.18%) Consultant
15 31 (3.18%) SQL Analyst
16 30 (3.08%) SQL DBA
17 24 (2.46%) Azure DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 171 (17.54%) .NET
2 90 (9.23%) Kafka
3 82 (8.41%) AngularJS
4 80 (8.21%) HTML
5 66 (6.77%) Spring
6 54 (5.54%) XML
7 51 (5.23%) RESTful
8 50 (5.13%) CSS
9 48 (4.92%) .NET Core
10 43 (4.41%) REST
10 43 (4.41%) Web Services
11 38 (3.90%) JSON
12 36 (3.69%) React
13 34 (3.49%) .NET Framework
14 33 (3.38%) ASP.NET Web API
15 29 (2.97%) ASP.NET
15 29 (2.97%) Node.js
16 24 (2.46%) jQuery
17 22 (2.26%) Middleware
18 21 (2.15%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 94 (9.64%) Analytical Skills
2 58 (5.95%) Greenfield Project
3 44 (4.51%) Data Structures
4 29 (2.97%) Algorithms
5 21 (2.15%) Self-Motivation
6 20 (2.05%) Hedge funds
7 18 (1.85%) Enterprise Software
7 18 (1.85%) Replication
8 17 (1.74%) Fixed Income
9 16 (1.64%) Clustering
10 14 (1.44%) Equities
10 14 (1.44%) Public Cloud
11 12 (1.23%) User Experience
12 11 (1.13%) Derivative
13 10 (1.03%) Data Centre
14 9 (0.92%) Cloud Native
14 9 (0.92%) Hybrid Cloud
14 9 (0.92%) Linux Command Line
15 8 (0.82%) NHS
15 8 (0.82%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 97 (9.95%) Linux
2 91 (9.33%) Windows
3 46 (4.72%) Unix
4 32 (3.28%) Windows Server
5 12 (1.23%) Windows Server 2008
6 7 (0.72%) Solaris
6 7 (0.72%) Windows Server 2012
7 6 (0.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (0.62%) Windows 10
7 6 (0.62%) Windows 7
8 3 (0.31%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.31%) SUSE
8 3 (0.31%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.31%) Windows 8
8 3 (0.31%) Windows Server 2003
9 2 (0.21%) Android
9 2 (0.21%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.21%) CentOS
9 2 (0.21%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.21%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 263 (26.97%) Agile Software Development
2 155 (15.90%) Analytics
2 155 (15.90%) Data Modelling
3 152 (15.59%) Business Intelligence
4 130 (13.33%) ETL
5 125 (12.82%) DevOps
6 106 (10.87%) Data Science
6 106 (10.87%) TDD
7 93 (9.54%) Microservices
8 85 (8.72%) Machine Learning
9 81 (8.31%) Problem-Solving
9 81 (8.31%) Test Automation
10 74 (7.59%) Scrum
11 69 (7.08%) Migration
12 63 (6.46%) Continuous Integration
13 59 (6.05%) Software Engineering
14 56 (5.74%) Fintech
15 53 (5.44%) OO
16 50 (5.13%) BDD
17 49 (5.03%) SQL Optimisation
Programming Languages
1 200 (20.51%) Python
2 195 (20.00%) C#
3 170 (17.44%) Java
4 132 (13.54%) JavaScript
5 111 (11.38%) T-SQL
6 91 (9.33%) PowerShell
7 53 (5.44%) Scala
8 36 (3.69%) Bash Shell
8 36 (3.69%) PL/SQL
9 34 (3.49%) R
10 30 (3.08%) VBA
11 29 (2.97%) Shell Script
12 25 (2.56%) Ruby
13 23 (2.36%) C++
14 22 (2.26%) VB
15 21 (2.15%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 19 (1.95%) PHP
17 17 (1.74%) Perl
18 16 (1.64%) Java 8
19 14 (1.44%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 42 (4.31%) Degree
2 20 (2.05%) Security Cleared
3 16 (1.64%) SC Cleared
4 11 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
4 11 (1.13%) ISTQB
5 8 (0.82%) ACCA
6 7 (0.72%) ISEB
7 4 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
8 3 (0.31%) DV Cleared
8 3 (0.31%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 2 (0.21%) MCSE
9 2 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.21%) PhD
9 2 (0.21%) SAFe Agilist
10 1 (0.10%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.10%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.10%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (8.00%) Data Quality
2 47 (4.82%) QA
3 7 (0.72%) Solvency II
4 5 (0.51%) GDPR
4 5 (0.51%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.41%) SLA
6 2 (0.21%) Basel III
6 2 (0.21%) PMO
7 1 (0.10%) IFRS
7 1 (0.10%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.10%) MiFID
System Software
1 122 (12.51%) Docker
2 65 (6.67%) Active Directory
3 17 (1.74%) Oracle RAC
4 13 (1.33%) Hyper-V
5 12 (1.23%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (1.03%) HDFS
6 10 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.72%) XenApp
8 6 (0.62%) vSphere
9 4 (0.41%) etcd
10 3 (0.31%) KVM
10 3 (0.31%) RHEV
10 3 (0.31%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 2 (0.21%) Ceph
11 2 (0.21%) flannel
11 2 (0.21%) GlusterFS
11 2 (0.21%) SkyDNS
11 2 (0.21%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 2 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 91 (9.33%) Kubernetes
2 43 (4.41%) Oozie
3 27 (2.77%) SCCM
4 23 (2.36%) Ansible
5 19 (1.95%) Terraform
6 13 (1.33%) Microsoft Intune
6 13 (1.33%) Puppet
7 11 (1.13%) Microsoft Clustering
8 10 (1.03%) Hadoop YARN
9 9 (0.92%) Marathon
9 9 (0.92%) Mesos
10 8 (0.82%) Istio
10 8 (0.82%) SCOM
10 8 (0.82%) SCOrch
11 7 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
12 6 (0.62%) Data Guard
13 5 (0.51%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 4 (0.41%) Forefront Identity Manager
14 4 (0.41%) HP ALM
14 4 (0.41%) Kibana
Vendors
1 196 (20.10%) Microsoft
2 104 (10.67%) Oracle
3 56 (5.74%) Tableau
4 44 (4.51%) Google
5 21 (2.15%) VMware
6 20 (2.05%) SAP
7 13 (1.33%) Sybase
8 11 (1.13%) Citrix
8 11 (1.13%) hybris
9 9 (0.92%) Symantec
10 8 (0.82%) Alteryx
10 8 (0.82%) Atlassian
10 8 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
11 7 (0.72%) Adobe
11 7 (0.72%) Bloomberg
11 7 (0.72%) Cognos
11 7 (0.72%) MuleSoft
11 7 (0.72%) Splunk
12 6 (0.62%) Hyperion
13 5 (0.51%) Veritas