Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 7 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing SQL 264 931 1,010
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 15.22% 14.89% 14.45%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.65% 30.28% 26.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 195 767 819
Median daily rate £488 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% - -
10th Percentile £368 £363 £363
90th Percentile £636 £665 £625
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 4 8
Median hourly rate £31.25 £22.42 £29.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +39.42% -24.13% +37.42%
10th Percentile £24.93 £21.19 £17.15
90th Percentile £37.78 £33.30 £70.89
Central London median hourly rate £31.25 £22.42 £29.55
% change year-on-year +39.42% -24.13% +37.42%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 834 3,075 3,761
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.10% 49.18% 53.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 601 2,508 3,141
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £363 £400 £375
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 17 14
Median hourly rate £35.50 £22.33 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +58.98% +1.50% +2.33%
10th Percentile £23.05 £21.00 £12.50
90th Percentile £44.95 £57.60 £54.88
Median hourly rate £35.50 £22.33 £22.00
% change year-on-year +58.98% +1.50% -4.32%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +2 1 £475 -17.39%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 96 (36.36%) Finance
2 67 (25.38%) SQL Server
3 66 (25.00%) Agile Software Development
4 65 (24.62%) Python
5 61 (23.11%) Azure
6 53 (20.08%) Business Intelligence
7 51 (19.32%) Java
8 50 (18.94%) C#
8 50 (18.94%) Microsoft
9 49 (18.56%) Data Warehouse
10 45 (17.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 42 (15.91%) JavaScript
12 41 (15.53%) Power BI
12 41 (15.53%) Power Platform
13 40 (15.15%) Banking
14 38 (14.39%) T-SQL
14 38 (14.39%) .NET
14 38 (14.39%) Analytics
15 36 (13.64%) DevOps
15 36 (13.64%) Oracle
16 34 (12.88%) Data Modelling
17 32 (12.12%) ETL
17 32 (12.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 29 (10.98%) Windows
19 27 (10.23%) Git (software)
20 26 (9.85%) AWS
21 25 (9.47%) Microservices
22 24 (9.09%) PowerShell
22 24 (9.09%) Degree
23 23 (8.71%) NoSQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (7.20%) Apache Spark
2 10 (3.79%) Apache
3 8 (3.03%) Elasticsearch
4 7 (2.65%) Confluence
4 7 (2.65%) SAS
5 6 (2.27%) CMS
5 6 (2.27%) SharePoint
6 5 (1.89%) IIS
6 5 (1.89%) WebLogic
7 4 (1.52%) nginx
7 4 (1.52%) Tomcat
8 3 (1.14%) Tornado
9 2 (0.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 2 (0.76%) Skype for Business
10 1 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.38%) MQSeries
10 1 (0.38%) NetWeaver
10 1 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.38%) R Markdown
10 1 (0.38%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 17 (6.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (3.41%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (3.03%) Photoshop
4 6 (2.27%) Acrobat
5 3 (1.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.76%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.38%) Camtasia
7 1 (0.38%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.38%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 3 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.76%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.38%) Dynamics GP
3 1 (0.38%) Loan IQ
3 1 (0.38%) Magento
3 1 (0.38%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.38%) Northgate Housing
3 1 (0.38%) Oracle Financials
3 1 (0.38%) SAP BPC
3 1 (0.38%) Siebel CRM
3 1 (0.38%) thinkFolio
3 1 (0.38%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 61 (23.11%) Azure
2 41 (15.53%) Power Platform
3 26 (9.85%) AWS
4 21 (7.95%) GCP
5 11 (4.17%) PaaS
6 8 (3.03%) Azure Data Factory
6 8 (3.03%) Serverless
7 5 (1.89%) Azure Functions
7 5 (1.89%) IaaS
7 5 (1.89%) Office 365
8 4 (1.52%) Azure Active Directory
8 4 (1.52%) Dynamics 365
9 3 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
9 3 (1.14%) npm
9 3 (1.14%) Power Automate
9 3 (1.14%) PowerApps
10 2 (0.76%) Azure Stack
10 2 (0.76%) Data Lake Analytics
10 2 (0.76%) Google Analytics
10 2 (0.76%) Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 9 (3.41%) SSL
2 8 (3.03%) HTTPS
3 6 (2.27%) DNS
4 5 (1.89%) Firewall
5 3 (1.14%) Multicast
5 3 (1.14%) Network Security
5 3 (1.14%) Skype
5 3 (1.14%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.76%) BGP
6 2 (0.76%) HTTP
6 2 (0.76%) Internet
6 2 (0.76%) MPLS
6 2 (0.76%) SNMP
7 1 (0.38%) Intranet
7 1 (0.38%) Kerberos
7 1 (0.38%) SAN
7 1 (0.38%) VoIP
7 1 (0.38%) VPN
7 1 (0.38%) WAN
7 1 (0.38%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 67 (25.38%) SQL Server
2 49 (18.56%) Data Warehouse
3 45 (17.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 41 (15.53%) Power BI
5 32 (12.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 23 (8.71%) NoSQL
7 22 (8.33%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 18 (6.82%) Azure SQL Database
9 17 (6.44%) Big Data
10 13 (4.92%) Relational Database
11 12 (4.55%) PostgreSQL
12 11 (4.17%) Data Lake
12 11 (4.17%) MongoDB
13 10 (3.79%) Hadoop
14 9 (3.41%) Cosmos DB
14 9 (3.41%) Oracle Database
15 7 (2.65%) Microsoft Analysis Services
15 7 (2.65%) MySQL
16 6 (2.27%) Apache Hive
16 6 (2.27%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 27 (10.23%) Git (software)
2 19 (7.20%) Jenkins
3 12 (4.55%) Team Foundation Server
4 10 (3.79%) JIRA
5 9 (3.41%) GitLab
6 8 (3.03%) TeamCity
7 7 (2.65%) Maven
7 7 (2.65%) Octopus Deploy
7 7 (2.65%) Visual Studio
7 7 (2.65%) Visual Studio Team System
8 6 (2.27%) Hudson
9 5 (1.89%) Artifactory
10 4 (1.52%) Eclipse
11 3 (1.14%) GCC
11 3 (1.14%) GDB
11 3 (1.14%) MSBuild
11 3 (1.14%) ProC
11 3 (1.14%) Selenium
11 3 (1.14%) SonarQube
11 3 (1.14%) webpack
General
1 96 (36.36%) Finance
2 40 (15.15%) Banking
3 15 (5.68%) Front Office
4 10 (3.79%) Retail
5 9 (3.41%) Investment Banking
6 7 (2.65%) Financial Institution
7 6 (2.27%) Back Office
7 6 (2.27%) Public Sector
8 5 (1.89%) Advertising
8 5 (1.89%) International Banking
8 5 (1.89%) Marketing
9 4 (1.52%) Law
9 4 (1.52%) Local Government
9 4 (1.52%) Police
9 4 (1.52%) Retail Finance
10 2 (0.76%) Electronics
10 2 (0.76%) General Ledger
11 1 (0.38%) Manufacturing
11 1 (0.38%) Publishing
11 1 (0.38%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 116 (43.94%) Developer
2 57 (21.59%) Analyst
3 24 (9.09%) Data Engineer
4 19 (7.20%) SQL Developer
5 18 (6.82%) Java Developer
6 15 (5.68%) C# Developer
7 14 (5.30%) .NET Developer
8 13 (4.92%) Business Analyst
8 13 (4.92%) Business Intelligence Developer
9 12 (4.55%) Data Analyst
9 12 (4.55%) Systems Analyst
10 11 (4.17%) Business Systems Analyst
10 11 (4.17%) Consultant
10 11 (4.17%) DBA
10 11 (4.17%) Full Stack Developer
11 9 (3.41%) Analyst Developer
11 9 (3.41%) Architect
11 9 (3.41%) C# .NET Developer
11 9 (3.41%) SQL Analyst
12 8 (3.03%) SSIS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (14.39%) .NET
2 16 (6.06%) CSS
2 16 (6.06%) HTML
3 14 (5.30%) ASP.NET
3 14 (5.30%) Web Services
4 13 (4.92%) Node.js
4 13 (4.92%) React
5 12 (4.55%) Spring
6 11 (4.17%) Kafka
6 11 (4.17%) XML
7 10 (3.79%) AngularJS
7 10 (3.79%) REST
8 9 (3.41%) jQuery
9 8 (3.03%) .NET Framework
9 8 (3.03%) Entity Framework
9 8 (3.03%) Guice
9 8 (3.03%) JAAS
9 8 (3.03%) JSON
9 8 (3.03%) RESTful
9 8 (3.03%) Spring Security
Miscellaneous
1 11 (4.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 10 (3.79%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (3.03%) Management Information System
3 8 (3.03%) User Experience
4 7 (2.65%) Fixed Income
5 6 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
6 5 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
7 4 (1.52%) Algorithms
7 4 (1.52%) Credit Risk
7 4 (1.52%) Data Centre
7 4 (1.52%) Data Structures
8 3 (1.14%) Derivative
8 3 (1.14%) Equities
8 3 (1.14%) Wiki
9 2 (0.76%) AS400
9 2 (0.76%) Hybrid Cloud
9 2 (0.76%) iSeries
9 2 (0.76%) Market Risk
9 2 (0.76%) Reference Data
9 2 (0.76%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 29 (10.98%) Windows
2 22 (8.33%) Linux
3 21 (7.95%) Unix
4 13 (4.92%) Windows Server
5 4 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.52%) Windows 10
6 3 (1.14%) Windows Server 2008
7 2 (0.76%) Debian
7 2 (0.76%) VMS
7 2 (0.76%) Windows 7
7 2 (0.76%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (0.76%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.38%) AIX
8 1 (0.38%) Android
8 1 (0.38%) Apple iOS
8 1 (0.38%) CentOS
8 1 (0.38%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 66 (25.00%) Agile Software Development
2 53 (20.08%) Business Intelligence
3 38 (14.39%) Analytics
4 36 (13.64%) DevOps
5 34 (12.88%) Data Modelling
6 32 (12.12%) ETL
7 25 (9.47%) Microservices
8 22 (8.33%) SDLC
8 22 (8.33%) Test Automation
9 21 (7.95%) Data Analysis
9 21 (7.95%) Problem-Solving
10 19 (7.20%) Computer Science
11 18 (6.82%) Migration
11 18 (6.82%) User Acceptance Testing
12 17 (6.44%) Continuous Integration
12 17 (6.44%) Scrum
13 14 (5.30%) Data Science
13 14 (5.30%) Mathematics
13 14 (5.30%) Software Engineering
14 12 (4.55%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 65 (24.62%) Python
2 51 (19.32%) Java
3 50 (18.94%) C#
4 42 (15.91%) JavaScript
5 38 (14.39%) T-SQL
6 24 (9.09%) PowerShell
7 15 (5.68%) Scala
8 13 (4.92%) C++
8 13 (4.92%) R
9 12 (4.55%) PL/SQL
10 10 (3.79%) VBA
11 8 (3.03%) Perl
12 7 (2.65%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 6 (2.27%) Java 8
14 5 (1.89%) Korn
15 4 (1.52%) Kotlin
15 4 (1.52%) PHP
15 4 (1.52%) Ruby
15 4 (1.52%) TypeScript
15 4 (1.52%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 24 (9.09%) Degree
2 15 (5.68%) Security Cleared
3 13 (4.92%) SC Cleared
4 10 (3.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (1.14%) ITIL Certification
5 3 (1.14%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.76%) ACCA
6 2 (0.76%) ISEB
6 2 (0.76%) ISTQB
6 2 (0.76%) MCSE
6 2 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.38%) CIMA
7 1 (0.38%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 1 (0.38%) PhD
7 1 (0.38%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (3.79%) QA
2 7 (2.65%) Data Quality
3 5 (1.89%) Solvency II
4 4 (1.52%) MiFID
5 3 (1.14%) GDPR
6 2 (0.76%) COREP
7 1 (0.38%) CDISC
7 1 (0.38%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.38%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.38%) IFRS
7 1 (0.38%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.38%) SLA
System Software
1 20 (7.58%) Docker
2 7 (2.65%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (1.89%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.38%) HDFS
5 1 (0.38%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.38%) IAG
5 1 (0.38%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 17 (6.44%) Kubernetes
2 12 (4.55%) Terraform
3 6 (2.27%) Ansible
4 4 (1.52%) SCCM
5 3 (1.14%) HP Quality Center
5 3 (1.14%) Prometheus
5 3 (1.14%) RSA Archer
5 3 (1.14%) Zipkin
6 2 (0.76%) Control-M
6 2 (0.76%) Microsoft Intune
6 2 (0.76%) Netcool
7 1 (0.38%) Data Guard
7 1 (0.38%) Istio
7 1 (0.38%) Kibana
7 1 (0.38%) logstash
7 1 (0.38%) MaaS360
7 1 (0.38%) Nagios
7 1 (0.38%) Oozie
7 1 (0.38%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 1 (0.38%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 50 (18.94%) Microsoft
2 36 (13.64%) Oracle
3 11 (4.17%) Google
4 9 (3.41%) Databricks
4 9 (3.41%) Sybase
4 9 (3.41%) Tableau
5 8 (3.03%) Cloudera
5 8 (3.03%) Red Hat
5 8 (3.03%) SAP
6 7 (2.65%) Adobe
6 7 (2.65%) Alteryx
6 7 (2.65%) VMware
7 4 (1.52%) Informatica
7 4 (1.52%) Remedy
7 4 (1.52%) Salesforce.com
7 4 (1.52%) ServiceNow
8 3 (1.14%) EMC
8 3 (1.14%) Hortonworks
8 3 (1.14%) IBM
8 3 (1.14%) Pega