Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 7 5 6
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 401 509 1,002
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 14.49% 15.13% 15.48%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.52% 31.25% 30.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 287 394 781
10th Percentile £394 £363 £363
25th Percentile £462 £414 £420
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £488 £510
Median % change year-on-year +12.82% -4.41% +3.55%
75th Percentile £625 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £660
Central London median daily rate £550 £488 £500
% change year-on-year +12.82% -2.50% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 5 4
10th Percentile £22.63 £23.90 £25.33
25th Percentile £23.99 £24.50 £29.94
Median hourly rate £27.50 £25.00 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -28.57% +59.09%
75th Percentile £33.00 £28.25 £37.50
90th Percentile £35.55 £34.85 "
Central London median hourly rate £25.48 £26.25 £35.00
% change year-on-year -2.95% -25.00% +59.09%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,314 1,629 3,261
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 47.47% 48.42% 50.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 991 1,287 2,648
10th Percentile £363 £380 £406
25th Percentile £461 £436 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £638 £622 £613
90th Percentile £719 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 14 19
10th Percentile £16.32 £23.80 £16.61
25th Percentile £19.79 £25.06 "
Median hourly rate £25.48 £43.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -40.76% +104.76% -2.33%
75th Percentile £30.88 £52.81 £37.50
90th Percentile £34.70 £57.20 £50.60
Central London median hourly rate £23.45 £38.50 £21.75
% change year-on-year -39.09% +77.01% +1.16%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -2 6 £600 +14.29%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 160 (39.90%) Agile Software Development
2 123 (30.67%) Finance
3 104 (25.94%) Azure
4 91 (22.69%) .NET
5 89 (22.19%) Python
6 88 (21.95%) Analytics
7 83 (20.70%) Business Intelligence
8 82 (20.45%) C#
9 71 (17.71%) Oracle
10 70 (17.46%) Data Warehouse
11 69 (17.21%) Data Analysis
12 68 (16.96%) TDD
12 68 (16.96%) AWS
12 68 (16.96%) Social Skills
13 67 (16.71%) DevOps
14 65 (16.21%) Banking
15 62 (15.46%) Data Modelling
16 61 (15.21%) Java
17 55 (13.72%) Visualisation
18 54 (13.47%) Power Platform
19 52 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
20 51 (12.72%) Power BI
21 49 (12.22%) SQL Server
21 49 (12.22%) Analytical Skills
22 48 (11.97%) Degree
23 47 (11.72%) Tableau
24 43 (10.72%) Derivative
24 43 (10.72%) ETL
25 42 (10.47%) Git (software)
26 41 (10.22%) Data Science

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (6.48%) Apache Spark
2 13 (3.24%) Apache Airflow
2 13 (3.24%) Jupyter
3 12 (2.99%) Apache
4 10 (2.49%) SAS
4 10 (2.49%) SharePoint
5 6 (1.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 4 (1.00%) nginx
7 3 (0.75%) CMS
7 3 (0.75%) Oracle Coherence
8 2 (0.50%) Confluence
8 2 (0.50%) SharePoint 2013
8 2 (0.50%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.25%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.25%) Appian
9 1 (0.25%) Camunda
9 1 (0.25%) Elasticsearch
9 1 (0.25%) JBoss
9 1 (0.25%) SharePoint 2010
9 1 (0.25%) WildFly
Applications
1 27 (6.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (3.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.25%) InfoPath
4 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (2.00%) Summit
2 4 (1.00%) Markit EDM
3 3 (0.75%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.50%) Eikon
4 2 (0.50%) Elite 3E
4 2 (0.50%) ION MarketView
4 2 (0.50%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.50%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.50%) Salerio
5 1 (0.25%) Front Arena
5 1 (0.25%) Global One
5 1 (0.25%) Kondor
5 1 (0.25%) Oracle 11i
5 1 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
5 1 (0.25%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.25%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.25%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.25%) Orchestrade
Cloud Services
1 104 (25.94%) Azure
2 68 (16.96%) AWS
3 54 (13.47%) Power Platform
4 18 (4.49%) GCP
5 11 (2.74%) Serverless
6 10 (2.49%) Amazon EC2
6 10 (2.49%) Azure Data Factory
7 8 (2.00%) Amazon Kinesis
7 8 (2.00%) Microsoft 365
8 7 (1.75%) Amazon S3
8 7 (1.75%) Azure Logic Apps
9 6 (1.50%) Power Automate
9 6 (1.50%) PowerApps
10 5 (1.25%) Azure Functions
10 5 (1.25%) GitHub
11 4 (1.00%) Amazon EMR
11 4 (1.00%) AWS Lambda
11 4 (1.00%) Azure Storage
11 4 (1.00%) PaaS
12 3 (0.75%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.74%) HTTP
2 2 (0.50%) Internet
2 2 (0.50%) Unified Communications
3 1 (0.25%) HTTPS
3 1 (0.25%) Kerberos
3 1 (0.25%) Remote Desktop
3 1 (0.25%) SAN
3 1 (0.25%) Skype
3 1 (0.25%) SMTP
3 1 (0.25%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.25%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (17.46%) Data Warehouse
2 51 (12.72%) Power BI
3 49 (12.22%) SQL Server
4 47 (11.72%) Tableau
5 38 (9.48%) Big Data
6 25 (6.23%) Relational Database
6 25 (6.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 23 (5.74%) Data Lake
7 23 (5.74%) Hadoop
7 23 (5.74%) NoSQL
7 23 (5.74%) Oracle Database
8 22 (5.49%) PostgreSQL
9 20 (4.99%) Amazon Redshift
10 18 (4.49%) Tableau Desktop
10 18 (4.49%) Tableau Server
11 17 (4.24%) QlikView
12 16 (3.99%) Azure SQL Database
13 15 (3.74%) Snowflake Schema
14 13 (3.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 12 (2.99%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 42 (10.47%) Git (software)
2 20 (4.99%) Octopus Deploy
3 19 (4.74%) JIRA
4 17 (4.24%) Visual Studio
5 13 (3.24%) Jenkins
6 10 (2.49%) Bitbucket
7 6 (1.50%) Maven
8 4 (1.00%) Cucumber
8 4 (1.00%) Jasmine
8 4 (1.00%) JSUnit
8 4 (1.00%) Karma Test Runner
8 4 (1.00%) Oracle APEX
8 4 (1.00%) Selenium
8 4 (1.00%) TeamCity
8 4 (1.00%) Visual Studio Team System
9 3 (0.75%) Gradle
9 3 (0.75%) SpecFlow
9 3 (0.75%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
9 3 (0.75%) Subversion
10 2 (0.50%) FitNesse
General
1 123 (30.67%) Finance
2 68 (16.96%) Social Skills
3 65 (16.21%) Banking
4 49 (12.22%) Analytical Skills
5 36 (8.98%) Front Office
6 28 (6.98%) Investment Banking
7 24 (5.99%) Marketing
8 14 (3.49%) Presentation Skills
9 9 (2.24%) Legal
10 8 (2.00%) Public Sector
11 5 (1.25%) Games
11 5 (1.25%) Retail
12 4 (1.00%) Back Office
13 3 (0.75%) Documentation Skills
14 2 (0.50%) Advertising
14 2 (0.50%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.50%) Influencing Skills
14 2 (0.50%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (0.50%) Public Speaking
14 2 (0.50%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 160 (39.90%) Developer
2 98 (24.44%) Analyst
3 50 (12.47%) C# Developer
4 46 (11.47%) Data Engineer
5 35 (8.73%) Business Analyst
6 34 (8.48%) SQL Analyst
7 25 (6.23%) Data Scientist
8 22 (5.49%) Data Analyst
8 22 (5.49%) Java Developer
9 21 (5.24%) SQL Developer
10 20 (4.99%) Architect
11 16 (3.99%) Business Intelligence Analyst
11 16 (3.99%) SQL Data Analyst
12 15 (3.74%) Data Business Analyst
13 14 (3.49%) Analyst Developer
13 14 (3.49%) DBA
14 13 (3.24%) React Developer
15 12 (2.99%) AWS Engineer
16 11 (2.74%) .NET Developer
17 10 (2.49%) Oracle DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 91 (22.69%) .NET
2 37 (9.23%) AngularJS
3 28 (6.98%) HTML
3 28 (6.98%) XML
4 24 (5.99%) Spring
5 22 (5.49%) React
5 22 (5.49%) Web Services
6 21 (5.24%) Node.js
7 19 (4.74%) RESTful
8 16 (3.99%) CSS
8 16 (3.99%) Kafka
9 14 (3.49%) D3.js
9 14 (3.49%) JSON
10 13 (3.24%) .NET Core
10 13 (3.24%) Redux
11 12 (2.99%) jQuery
11 12 (2.99%) Shiny
11 12 (2.99%) WCF
11 12 (2.99%) WPF
12 10 (2.49%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 43 (10.72%) Derivative
2 36 (8.98%) Fixed Income
3 28 (6.98%) Algorithms
3 28 (6.98%) Self-Motivation
4 26 (6.48%) Management Information System
5 21 (5.24%) Data Structures
6 17 (4.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 15 (3.74%) Interest Rate Derivative
7 15 (3.74%) Social Media
8 13 (3.24%) Reinsurance
9 12 (2.99%) Market Risk
10 11 (2.74%) Credit Risk
11 7 (1.75%) Greenfield Project
12 6 (1.50%) Equities
12 6 (1.50%) iSeries
12 6 (1.50%) User Experience
13 5 (1.25%) NHS
14 4 (1.00%) Equity Derivative
14 4 (1.00%) Replication
15 2 (0.50%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 23 (5.74%) Linux
2 20 (4.99%) Unix
3 17 (4.24%) Windows
4 5 (1.25%) Windows Server 2012
5 4 (1.00%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.50%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.50%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.25%) Solaris
8 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 160 (39.90%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (21.95%) Analytics
3 83 (20.70%) Business Intelligence
4 69 (17.21%) Data Analysis
5 68 (16.96%) TDD
6 67 (16.71%) DevOps
7 62 (15.46%) Data Modelling
8 55 (13.72%) Visualisation
9 52 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
10 43 (10.72%) ETL
11 41 (10.22%) Data Science
12 40 (9.98%) Test Automation
13 39 (9.73%) Data Visualisation
14 35 (8.73%) Asset Management
15 34 (8.48%) BDD
16 33 (8.23%) Continuous Integration
17 32 (7.98%) Investment Management
18 31 (7.73%) Machine Learning
19 29 (7.23%) SDLC
20 28 (6.98%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 89 (22.19%) Python
2 82 (20.45%) C#
3 61 (15.21%) Java
4 39 (9.73%) PL/SQL
5 33 (8.23%) JavaScript
6 26 (6.48%) TypeScript
7 23 (5.74%) T-SQL
8 22 (5.49%) R
9 20 (4.99%) PowerShell
9 20 (4.99%) VBA
10 15 (3.74%) C++
10 15 (3.74%) Perl
11 11 (2.74%) Scala
12 10 (2.49%) Java 8
13 8 (2.00%) Shell Script
14 5 (1.25%) Haskell
14 5 (1.25%) VB
15 4 (1.00%) SOQL
16 3 (0.75%) ES6
16 3 (0.75%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 48 (11.97%) Degree
2 18 (4.49%) Security Cleared
3 14 (3.49%) SC Cleared
4 10 (2.49%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (2.24%) ITIL Certification
6 5 (1.25%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.50%) PhD
8 1 (0.25%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.25%) CISSP
8 1 (0.25%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.25%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.25%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (3.49%) Data Quality
2 11 (2.74%) QA
3 6 (1.50%) EMIR
3 6 (1.50%) MiFID
4 2 (0.50%) CDISC
4 2 (0.50%) Dodd-Frank
4 2 (0.50%) GDPR
5 1 (0.25%) Basel II
5 1 (0.25%) IFRS
5 1 (0.25%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.25%) PMO
5 1 (0.25%) SLA
System Software
1 17 (4.24%) Docker
2 9 (2.24%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.25%) HDFS
4 3 (0.75%) Oracle RAC
4 3 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.25%) Platform Symphony
5 1 (0.25%) Terminal Services
5 1 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.25%) vSphere
5 1 (0.25%) XenApp
5 1 (0.25%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 15 (3.74%) Kubernetes
2 12 (2.99%) Terraform
3 5 (1.25%) Grafana
4 3 (0.75%) Ambari
4 3 (0.75%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.50%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
5 2 (0.50%) Istio
5 2 (0.50%) Nagios
5 2 (0.50%) Oracle RMAN
6 1 (0.25%) Control-M
6 1 (0.25%) Data Guard
6 1 (0.25%) EMC NetWorker
6 1 (0.25%) Foglight
6 1 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
6 1 (0.25%) Marathon
6 1 (0.25%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 1 (0.25%) Puppet
6 1 (0.25%) SCCM
6 1 (0.25%) Tivoli
6 1 (0.25%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 71 (17.71%) Oracle
2 39 (9.73%) Microsoft
3 19 (4.74%) Salesforce.com
4 18 (4.49%) Alteryx
5 9 (2.24%) Talend
6 7 (1.75%) Databricks
6 7 (1.75%) Google
7 6 (1.50%) Citrix
7 6 (1.50%) SAP
7 6 (1.50%) Splunk
8 4 (1.00%) Cloudera
8 4 (1.00%) IBM
8 4 (1.00%) Informatica
8 4 (1.00%) MuleSoft
8 4 (1.00%) VMware
8 4 (1.00%) Workday
9 3 (0.75%) Bloomberg
9 3 (0.75%) Murex
9 3 (0.75%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.75%) Reuters