Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 5 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 398 1,020 1,082
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 14.61% 15.23% 15.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.72% 30.55% 28.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 290 809 869
Median daily rate £488 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £354
90th Percentile £639 £663 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 6
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +66.67% +19.30%
10th Percentile £24.80 £21.65 £14.75
90th Percentile £39.25 £37.50 £30.73
Central London median hourly rate £33.75 £35.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year -3.57% +59.09% +24.98%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,339 3,339 3,774
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.16% 49.84% 52.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 997 2,723 3,159
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £406 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £695
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 22 21
Median hourly rate £35.00 £28.75 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.74% +33.72% -
10th Percentile £27.95 £21.00 £12.75
90th Percentile £57.30 £56.50 £38.47
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - +62.79% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +20 1 - -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 132 (33.17%) Finance
2 129 (32.41%) Agile Software Development
3 110 (27.64%) SQL Server
4 103 (25.88%) C#
5 87 (21.86%) .NET
6 83 (20.85%) Azure
7 75 (18.84%) Microsoft
8 73 (18.34%) Business Intelligence
8 73 (18.34%) Python
9 72 (18.09%) Oracle
10 71 (17.84%) Data Warehouse
11 66 (16.58%) ETL
11 66 (16.58%) Java
11 66 (16.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 58 (14.57%) Microsoft Excel
13 54 (13.57%) DevOps
14 52 (13.07%) T-SQL
15 51 (12.81%) JavaScript
15 51 (12.81%) Data Modelling
16 50 (12.56%) SDLC
17 47 (11.81%) Analytics
17 47 (11.81%) Banking
18 46 (11.56%) AWS
19 43 (10.80%) Power BI
19 43 (10.80%) Power Platform
20 42 (10.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 42 (10.55%) Test Automation
21 41 (10.30%) Windows
22 36 (9.05%) Degree
22 36 (9.05%) NoSQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (4.77%) Apache Spark
2 14 (3.52%) Confluence
3 11 (2.76%) SAS
3 11 (2.76%) WebLogic
4 9 (2.26%) Apache
5 8 (2.01%) SharePoint
6 6 (1.51%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (1.26%) Tomcat
8 4 (1.01%) CMS
9 3 (0.75%) IIS
9 3 (0.75%) Oracle Workflow
10 2 (0.50%) Exchange Server 2013
10 2 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.50%) SharePoint 2010
10 2 (0.50%) Tornado
11 1 (0.25%) Apache Airflow
11 1 (0.25%) Apache Pig
11 1 (0.25%) Cloud Foundry
11 1 (0.25%) R Markdown
11 1 (0.25%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 58 (14.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (2.51%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (2.01%) Photoshop
4 6 (1.51%) Acrobat
5 4 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.50%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.25%) Camtasia
7 1 (0.25%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.25%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 5 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.50%) Elite 3E
2 2 (0.50%) Markit EDM
2 2 (0.50%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 2 (0.50%) SAP BPC
3 1 (0.25%) Loan IQ
3 1 (0.25%) Magento
3 1 (0.25%) Maximo
3 1 (0.25%) Northgate Housing
3 1 (0.25%) Siebel CRM
3 1 (0.25%) thinkFolio
3 1 (0.25%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 83 (20.85%) Azure
2 46 (11.56%) AWS
3 43 (10.80%) Power Platform
4 24 (6.03%) GCP
5 13 (3.27%) Azure Data Factory
6 9 (2.26%) PaaS
6 9 (2.26%) Serverless
7 8 (2.01%) Azure Stack
8 4 (1.01%) Azure Active Directory
8 4 (1.01%) Azure Machine Learning
8 4 (1.01%) Office 365
9 3 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
9 3 (0.75%) Dynamics 365
10 2 (0.50%) Apigee
10 2 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
10 2 (0.50%) Data Lake Analytics
10 2 (0.50%) Google Analytics
10 2 (0.50%) Logic Apps
10 2 (0.50%) Power Automate
10 2 (0.50%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 10 (2.51%) SSL
2 9 (2.26%) HTTPS
3 3 (0.75%) DNS
3 3 (0.75%) SAN
3 3 (0.75%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.50%) Firewall
4 2 (0.50%) HTTP
4 2 (0.50%) Intranet
4 2 (0.50%) NAS
5 1 (0.25%) Broadband
5 1 (0.25%) DHCP
5 1 (0.25%) FTP
5 1 (0.25%) Internet
5 1 (0.25%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.25%) Network Security
5 1 (0.25%) Skype
5 1 (0.25%) SMTP
5 1 (0.25%) VoIP
5 1 (0.25%) VPN
5 1 (0.25%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 110 (27.64%) SQL Server
2 71 (17.84%) Data Warehouse
3 66 (16.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 43 (10.80%) Power BI
5 42 (10.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 36 (9.05%) NoSQL
7 29 (7.29%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 24 (6.03%) Big Data
9 23 (5.78%) Azure SQL Database
10 18 (4.52%) Relational Database
11 15 (3.77%) Data Lake
11 15 (3.77%) Hadoop
12 14 (3.52%) Oracle Database
13 13 (3.27%) Microsoft Analysis Services
14 12 (3.02%) PostgreSQL
14 12 (3.02%) SQL Server 2016
15 10 (2.51%) BigQuery
16 9 (2.26%) MongoDB
16 9 (2.26%) MySQL
17 8 (2.01%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 25 (6.28%) Team Foundation Server
2 23 (5.78%) Jenkins
2 23 (5.78%) JIRA
3 21 (5.28%) Git (software)
4 16 (4.02%) Visual Studio
5 8 (2.01%) Eclipse
5 8 (2.01%) Octopus Deploy
5 8 (2.01%) Selenium
5 8 (2.01%) TeamCity
6 7 (1.76%) CircleCI
7 6 (1.51%) GitLab
7 6 (1.51%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
8 5 (1.26%) JUnit
8 5 (1.26%) Maven
9 4 (1.01%) Bitbucket
9 4 (1.01%) SpecFlow
9 4 (1.01%) Subversion
9 4 (1.01%) Toad
10 3 (0.75%) NUnit
10 3 (0.75%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 132 (33.17%) Finance
2 47 (11.81%) Banking
3 23 (5.78%) Front Office
4 15 (3.77%) Investment Banking
5 11 (2.76%) Law
6 10 (2.51%) Public Sector
7 9 (2.26%) Marketing
8 7 (1.76%) Publishing
9 5 (1.26%) Legal
9 5 (1.26%) Retail
10 4 (1.01%) Financial Institution
10 4 (1.01%) Local Government
10 4 (1.01%) Police
11 3 (0.75%) Advertising
11 3 (0.75%) Back Office
11 3 (0.75%) International Banking
12 1 (0.25%) Billing
12 1 (0.25%) General Ledger
12 1 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.25%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 178 (44.72%) Developer
2 88 (22.11%) Analyst
3 37 (9.30%) SQL Developer
4 27 (6.78%) .NET Developer
5 23 (5.78%) C# Developer
5 23 (5.78%) Java Developer
5 23 (5.78%) SQL Analyst
6 22 (5.53%) Data Engineer
7 21 (5.28%) Business Analyst
8 18 (4.52%) Data Analyst
8 18 (4.52%) Technical Analyst
9 16 (4.02%) Architect
9 16 (4.02%) Consultant
10 15 (3.77%) Business Intelligence Developer
11 14 (3.52%) DBA
11 14 (3.52%) SQL Data Analyst
11 14 (3.52%) Systems Analyst
12 13 (3.27%) Data Warehouse Analyst
12 13 (3.27%) Python Developer
13 12 (3.02%) Business Intelligence Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (21.86%) .NET
2 27 (6.78%) ASP.NET
3 26 (6.53%) HTML
4 23 (5.78%) CSS
5 21 (5.28%) React
6 20 (5.03%) Web Services
6 20 (5.03%) XML
7 18 (4.52%) Node.js
8 16 (4.02%) AngularJS
8 16 (4.02%) RESTful
9 15 (3.77%) ASP.NET Web API
9 15 (3.77%) Spring
9 15 (3.77%) WinForms
10 14 (3.52%) jQuery
11 13 (3.27%) WPF
12 12 (3.02%) SOAP
13 11 (2.76%) .NET Framework
13 11 (2.76%) EDI
13 11 (2.76%) REST
14 10 (2.51%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 32 (8.04%) Analytical Skills
2 13 (3.27%) Fixed Income
3 11 (2.76%) Reinsurance
4 10 (2.51%) Management Information System
5 9 (2.26%) Credit Risk
5 9 (2.26%) Derivative
5 9 (2.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 8 (2.01%) Data Structures
6 8 (2.01%) Greenfield Project
7 7 (1.76%) Algorithms
8 6 (1.51%) Client/Server
8 6 (1.51%) Data Centre
8 6 (1.51%) Equities
8 6 (1.51%) Replication
8 6 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (1.26%) Market Risk
10 4 (1.01%) Cloud Native
11 3 (0.75%) Fat Client
11 3 (0.75%) Social Media
11 3 (0.75%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 41 (10.30%) Windows
2 32 (8.04%) Linux
3 20 (5.03%) Unix
4 15 (3.77%) Windows Server
5 6 (1.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (1.26%) Windows Server 2016
7 4 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.75%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.50%) CentOS
9 2 (0.50%) Debian
9 2 (0.50%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.50%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.25%) AIX
10 1 (0.25%) Android
10 1 (0.25%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.25%) Solaris
10 1 (0.25%) VMS
10 1 (0.25%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 129 (32.41%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (18.34%) Business Intelligence
3 66 (16.58%) ETL
4 54 (13.57%) DevOps
5 51 (12.81%) Data Modelling
6 50 (12.56%) SDLC
7 47 (11.81%) Analytics
8 42 (10.55%) Test Automation
9 30 (7.54%) Kimball Methodology
10 29 (7.29%) Computer Science
10 29 (7.29%) Problem-Solving
11 26 (6.53%) Scrum
11 26 (6.53%) TDD
11 26 (6.53%) Visualisation
12 24 (6.03%) Migration
13 23 (5.78%) Requirements Gathering
13 23 (5.78%) User Acceptance Testing
14 21 (5.28%) Data Analysis
14 21 (5.28%) Machine Learning
15 20 (5.03%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 103 (25.88%) C#
2 73 (18.34%) Python
3 66 (16.58%) Java
4 52 (13.07%) T-SQL
5 51 (12.81%) JavaScript
6 31 (7.79%) PowerShell
7 24 (6.03%) R
7 24 (6.03%) VBA
8 21 (5.28%) VB.NET
9 16 (4.02%) PL/SQL
10 15 (3.77%) C++
11 14 (3.52%) VB
12 13 (3.27%) Scala
13 11 (2.76%) Perl
14 9 (2.26%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
14 9 (2.26%) Java 8
14 9 (2.26%) Shell Script
15 6 (1.51%) Groovy
15 6 (1.51%) PHP
15 6 (1.51%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 36 (9.05%) Degree
2 18 (4.52%) Security Cleared
3 15 (3.77%) Computer Science Degree
3 15 (3.77%) SC Cleared
4 4 (1.01%) ISTQB
5 3 (0.75%) ISEB
6 2 (0.50%) ACCA
6 2 (0.50%) CIMA
6 2 (0.50%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.25%) CESG Certified Professional
7 1 (0.25%) Citrix Certification
7 1 (0.25%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 1 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (0.25%) MCITP
7 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.25%) PhD
7 1 (0.25%) SAP Certification
7 1 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (4.02%) QA
2 14 (3.52%) Solvency II
3 10 (2.51%) Data Quality
4 9 (2.26%) GDPR
5 5 (1.26%) IFRS
6 3 (0.75%) MiFID
7 2 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 1 (0.25%) Basel III
8 1 (0.25%) CDISC
8 1 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.25%) EMIR
8 1 (0.25%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.25%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 24 (6.03%) Docker
2 12 (3.02%) Active Directory
3 6 (1.51%) Microsoft App-V
3 6 (1.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (1.26%) Terminal Services
5 2 (0.50%) Oracle RAC
5 2 (0.50%) XenApp
6 1 (0.25%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.25%) HDFS
6 1 (0.25%) IAG
6 1 (0.25%) OpenIDM
6 1 (0.25%) UAG
6 1 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.25%) vSphere
6 1 (0.25%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 26 (6.53%) Kubernetes
2 9 (2.26%) Ansible
2 9 (2.26%) Terraform
3 8 (2.01%) SCCM
4 5 (1.26%) Data Guard
5 4 (1.01%) Control-M
5 4 (1.01%) Kibana
6 3 (0.75%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 3 (0.75%) Oracle RMAN
6 3 (0.75%) Prometheus
6 3 (0.75%) Zipkin
7 2 (0.50%) Istio
7 2 (0.50%) logstash
7 2 (0.50%) Puppet
7 2 (0.50%) SCOM
8 1 (0.25%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.25%) McAfee ePO
8 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Intune
8 1 (0.25%) Oozie
8 1 (0.25%) XenMobile
Vendors
1 75 (18.84%) Microsoft
2 72 (18.09%) Oracle
3 17 (4.27%) Tableau
4 15 (3.77%) Google
5 12 (3.02%) Sybase
6 10 (2.51%) Informatica
7 9 (2.26%) Red Hat
7 9 (2.26%) SAP
8 8 (2.01%) Adobe
8 8 (2.01%) VMware
9 7 (1.76%) Alteryx
9 7 (1.76%) Citrix
9 7 (1.76%) Databricks
9 7 (1.76%) Murex
9 7 (1.76%) Salesforce.com
10 6 (1.51%) Cognos
10 6 (1.51%) OpenLink
10 6 (1.51%) ServiceNow
10 6 (1.51%) SunGard
11 5 (1.26%) Pega