Period
to 19 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 40 47 31
Rank change year-on-year +7 -16 +23
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 370 318 418
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.29% 4.63% 6.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.11% 5.19% 7.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 314 261 362
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £406 £410
90th Percentile £650 £625 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +5.00% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £32.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £32.00 - -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,053 6,122 5,858
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 86.47% 89.15% 87.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,822 4,825 4,684
City of London median daily rate £510 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 96 55 53
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £19.92
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -6.12% -0.40%
10th Percentile £13.00 £13.31 £11.25
90th Percentile £33.38 £31.20 £54.03
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £19.00
% change year-on-year - -1.58% -5.00%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 28 £525 -
Moorgate - 4 £525 -
Continuous Integration
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 277 (74.86%) Agile Software Development
2 154 (41.62%) TDD
3 140 (37.84%) Jenkins
4 135 (36.49%) DevOps
5 133 (35.95%) Java
6 119 (32.16%) Amazon AWS
7 117 (31.62%) Docker
8 111 (30.00%) Scrum
9 106 (28.65%) Python
10 98 (26.49%) Test Automation
11 94 (25.41%) JavaScript
12 86 (23.24%) Git (software)
12 86 (23.24%) Continuous Delivery
13 85 (22.97%) Finance
14 74 (20.00%) BDD
15 70 (18.92%) SQL
16 69 (18.65%) Ansible
17 66 (17.84%) Linux
18 63 (17.03%) Banking
18 63 (17.03%) Puppet
19 59 (15.95%) HTML
20 58 (15.68%) Kubernetes
21 57 (15.41%) Kanban
21 57 (15.41%) Bash Shell
22 55 (14.86%) Spring
23 53 (14.32%) Web Services
24 52 (14.05%) Microsoft Azure
25 51 (13.78%) Pair Programming
26 50 (13.51%) Selenium
27 49 (13.24%) Configuration Management

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (6.22%) Apache
2 20 (5.41%) Apache Spark
2 20 (5.41%) Tomcat
3 15 (4.05%) Elasticsearch
4 13 (3.51%) CMS
4 13 (3.51%) Confluence
4 13 (3.51%) WebSphere
5 12 (3.24%) WebLogic
6 11 (2.97%) Apache Airflow
6 11 (2.97%) OpenStack
7 4 (1.08%) Cloud Foundry
8 3 (0.81%) Drupal
8 3 (0.81%) nginx
8 3 (0.81%) NServiceBus
9 2 (0.54%) GlassFish
9 2 (0.54%) IIS
9 2 (0.54%) WebSphere Application Server
9 2 (0.54%) WordPress
10 1 (0.27%) ArcGIS
10 1 (0.27%) SharePoint
Applications
1 23 (6.22%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (3.51%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.27%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.27%) InVision
Business Applications
1 4 (1.08%) Dynamics AX
2 2 (0.54%) ION MarketView
2 2 (0.54%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.27%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 119 (32.16%) Amazon AWS
2 52 (14.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 28 (7.57%) Amazon EC2
4 23 (6.22%) Amazon S3
5 20 (5.41%) Google Cloud Platform
6 19 (5.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 18 (4.86%) PaaS
8 12 (3.24%) AWS CloudFormation
8 12 (3.24%) GitHub
8 12 (3.24%) Serverless
9 10 (2.70%) AWS Lambda
9 10 (2.70%) Cloud Computing
10 9 (2.43%) IaaS
11 8 (2.16%) npm
12 7 (1.89%) OpenShift
13 6 (1.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 6 (1.62%) Route 53
13 6 (1.62%) SaaS
14 5 (1.35%) Amazon ELB
14 5 (1.35%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 25 (6.76%) HTTP
2 12 (3.24%) TCP/IP
3 10 (2.70%) Internet
4 7 (1.89%) Firewall
5 4 (1.08%) DNS
6 3 (0.81%) Kerberos
6 3 (0.81%) SSL
7 2 (0.54%) FTP
7 2 (0.54%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.27%) AMQP
8 1 (0.27%) Calico
8 1 (0.27%) OpenLDAP
8 1 (0.27%) SMTP
8 1 (0.27%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (12.97%) NoSQL
2 43 (11.62%) SQL Server
3 32 (8.65%) PostgreSQL
4 29 (7.84%) Big Data
5 22 (5.95%) Relational Database
6 20 (5.41%) Hadoop
7 18 (4.86%) Apache Hive
7 18 (4.86%) MySQL
8 17 (4.59%) Apache Cassandra
9 14 (3.78%) Impala
9 14 (3.78%) MongoDB
9 14 (3.78%) Sqoop
10 9 (2.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 8 (2.16%) Amazon RDS
11 8 (2.16%) Couchbase
12 6 (1.62%) Amazon Redshift
12 6 (1.62%) RDBMS
13 5 (1.35%) Data Warehouse
14 4 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 4 (1.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 140 (37.84%) Jenkins
2 86 (23.24%) Git (software)
3 50 (13.51%) Selenium
4 33 (8.92%) JIRA
5 32 (8.65%) JUnit
6 31 (8.38%) Gradle
7 28 (7.57%) Mockito
8 27 (7.30%) Maven
9 21 (5.68%) Cucumber
10 18 (4.86%) NUnit
10 18 (4.86%) TeamCity
11 15 (4.05%) webpack
12 14 (3.78%) MSTest
13 12 (3.24%) gulp
13 12 (3.24%) Octopus Deploy
14 9 (2.43%) Artifactory
14 9 (2.43%) Babel
14 9 (2.43%) WebDriver
15 8 (2.16%) Grunt
15 8 (2.16%) PHPUnit
General
1 85 (22.97%) Finance
2 63 (17.03%) Banking
3 9 (2.43%) Financial Institution
3 9 (2.43%) Investment Banking
3 9 (2.43%) Law
4 8 (2.16%) Retail
5 7 (1.89%) Pharmaceutical
5 7 (1.89%) Retail Banking
6 6 (1.62%) Front Office
6 6 (1.62%) Marketing
7 3 (0.81%) Games
8 2 (0.54%) Digital Economy
8 2 (0.54%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.27%) Advertising
9 1 (0.27%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 205 (55.41%) Developer
2 76 (20.54%) Java Developer
3 70 (18.92%) DevOps Engineer
4 54 (14.59%) Senior Developer
5 29 (7.84%) Senior DevOps
6 28 (7.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 27 (7.30%) .NET Developer
8 26 (7.03%) Senior Java Developer
9 20 (5.41%) Platform Engineer
9 20 (5.41%) Python Developer
10 18 (4.86%) React Developer
11 17 (4.59%) Java Engineer
12 15 (4.05%) Architect
12 15 (4.05%) UI Developer
13 14 (3.78%) C# Developer
14 12 (3.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 12 (3.24%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 11 (2.97%) HTML Developer
15 11 (2.97%) JavaScript Developer
16 10 (2.70%) PHP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (15.95%) HTML
2 55 (14.86%) Spring
3 53 (14.32%) Web Services
4 48 (12.97%) .NET
4 48 (12.97%) RESTful
5 46 (12.43%) REST
6 45 (12.16%) CSS
7 41 (11.08%) HTML5
8 38 (10.27%) Node.js
9 36 (9.73%) React
10 29 (7.84%) AngularJS
10 29 (7.84%) JSON
11 26 (7.03%) Spring Boot
12 25 (6.76%) Redux
13 22 (5.95%) Sass
13 22 (5.95%) XML
14 21 (5.68%) ASP.NET Web API
15 20 (5.41%) .NET Framework
16 19 (5.14%) ASP.NET
17 16 (4.32%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 39 (10.54%) Greenfield Project
2 17 (4.59%) Fintech
3 16 (4.32%) Mobile App
4 15 (4.05%) Fixed Income
5 14 (3.78%) User Experience
6 13 (3.51%) Wiki
7 12 (3.24%) iPad
8 9 (2.43%) Analytical Skills
8 9 (2.43%) Derivative
9 8 (2.16%) Enterprise Software
9 8 (2.16%) Reinsurance
10 7 (1.89%) Algorithms
10 7 (1.89%) Blog
10 7 (1.89%) Hedge funds
11 6 (1.62%) Virtual Team
12 5 (1.35%) Equities
12 5 (1.35%) Public Cloud
13 4 (1.08%) Computer Science
13 4 (1.08%) Data Structures
13 4 (1.08%) Enterprise Cloud
Operating Systems
1 66 (17.84%) Linux
2 45 (12.16%) Unix
3 25 (6.76%) Windows
4 11 (2.97%) Apple iOS
4 11 (2.97%) Ubuntu
5 10 (2.70%) Android
6 7 (1.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (1.62%) Windows Server
8 5 (1.35%) CentOS
9 3 (0.81%) Oracle Linux
9 3 (0.81%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.54%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.54%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.54%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.27%) Amazon Linux
11 1 (0.27%) DC/OS
11 1 (0.27%) Debian
11 1 (0.27%) Solaris
11 1 (0.27%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 277 (74.86%) Agile Software Development
2 154 (41.62%) TDD
3 135 (36.49%) DevOps
4 111 (30.00%) Scrum
5 98 (26.49%) Test Automation
6 86 (23.24%) Continuous Delivery
7 74 (20.00%) BDD
8 57 (15.41%) Kanban
9 51 (13.78%) Pair Programming
10 49 (13.24%) Configuration Management
11 47 (12.70%) Microservices
12 45 (12.16%) Open Source
12 45 (12.16%) Software Engineering
13 37 (10.00%) Continuous Deployment
14 36 (9.73%) OO
15 35 (9.46%) MVC
15 35 (9.46%) Unit Testing
16 31 (8.38%) SDLC
17 26 (7.03%) Release Management
18 24 (6.49%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 133 (35.95%) Java
2 106 (28.65%) Python
3 94 (25.41%) JavaScript
4 70 (18.92%) SQL
5 57 (15.41%) Bash Shell
6 48 (12.97%) Ruby
7 45 (12.16%) C#
8 33 (8.92%) Scala
9 31 (8.38%) Java 8
9 31 (8.38%) Shell Script
10 29 (7.84%) Groovy
11 19 (5.14%) PowerShell
12 15 (4.05%) TypeScript
13 14 (3.78%) ES6
13 14 (3.78%) PHP
14 13 (3.51%) Korn
15 12 (3.24%) Go
15 12 (3.24%) T-SQL
16 10 (2.70%) VBA
17 7 (1.89%) C++
Qualifications
1 9 (2.43%) Degree
2 5 (1.35%) Security Cleared
3 4 (1.08%) SC Cleared
4 3 (0.81%) ISTQB
5 2 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.54%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.54%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
5 2 (0.54%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.54%) OCPJP
5 2 (0.54%) Sun Certification
6 1 (0.27%) ISEB
6 1 (0.27%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (8.38%) QA
2 2 (0.54%) SLA
3 1 (0.27%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.27%) Dodd-Frank
3 1 (0.27%) EMIR
3 1 (0.27%) GDPR
3 1 (0.27%) MiFID
System Software
1 117 (31.62%) Docker
2 15 (4.05%) HDFS
3 9 (2.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (2.16%) Active Directory
4 8 (2.16%) vSphere
5 3 (0.81%) OpenAM
5 3 (0.81%) VirtualBox
6 2 (0.54%) Xen
7 1 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.27%) etcd
7 1 (0.27%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.27%) Varnish
7 1 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.27%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 69 (18.65%) Ansible
2 63 (17.03%) Puppet
3 58 (15.68%) Kubernetes
4 43 (11.62%) Opscode Chef
5 35 (9.46%) Terraform
6 13 (3.51%) Hadoop YARN
7 12 (3.24%) Prometheus
8 10 (2.70%) Grafana
8 10 (2.70%) Kibana
9 8 (2.16%) logstash
10 7 (1.89%) Packer
11 6 (1.62%) Docker Swarm
12 5 (1.35%) Consul
12 5 (1.35%) Sysdig
13 4 (1.08%) Nagios
13 4 (1.08%) Rancher
14 3 (0.81%) Control-M
14 3 (0.81%) Graphite
14 3 (0.81%) ITRS Geneos
14 3 (0.81%) Salt
Vendors
1 45 (12.16%) Oracle
2 22 (5.95%) Google
2 22 (5.95%) Microsoft
3 13 (3.51%) Cloudera
3 13 (3.51%) Splunk
4 10 (2.70%) AppDynamics
4 10 (2.70%) VMware
5 9 (2.43%) Salesforce.com
6 7 (1.89%) Red Hat
7 6 (1.62%) Escenic
8 5 (1.35%) Atlassian
8 5 (1.35%) SaltStack
9 4 (1.08%) IBM
9 4 (1.08%) Perfecto Mobile
10 3 (0.81%) Dynatrace
10 3 (0.81%) ForgeRock
10 3 (0.81%) New Relic
10 3 (0.81%) Progress
10 3 (0.81%) TOWER Software
11 2 (0.54%) Cadence