Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 18 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 60 37 46
Rank change year-on-year -23 +9 +20
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 163 147 141
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.88% 5.30% 4.30%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.25% 5.80% 4.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 128 86 118
10th Percentile £488 £444 £413
25th Percentile £599 £513 £483
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £675 £606 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.34% +10.23% +2.33%
75th Percentile £744 £647 £623
90th Percentile £813 £712 £679
Central London median daily rate £675 £606 £550
% change year-on-year +11.34% +10.23% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile - - £44.75
Median hourly rate - - £48.50
75th Percentile - - £52.25
90th Percentile - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - £48.50
% change year-on-year - - +361.90%

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,839 2,534 2,898
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 91.43% 91.32% 88.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,910 1,845 2,154
10th Percentile £390 £339 £331
25th Percentile £475 £431 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £514
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +2.19% -2.14%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £602
90th Percentile £775 £706 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +9.52% +5.00% -4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 26 51
10th Percentile £18.50 £8.00 £12.42
25th Percentile £22.06 £12.09 £14.19
Median hourly rate £41.00 £20.00 £24.00
Median % change year-on-year +105.00% -16.67% +21.52%
75th Percentile £55.63 £28.38 £39.00
90th Percentile £65.43 £40.13 £52.25
Central London median hourly rate £41.50 £20.00 £24.12
% change year-on-year +107.50% -17.08% +22.13%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London Bridge - 1 £750 -
Continuous Integration
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 86 (52.76%) Agile
2 84 (51.53%) CI/CD
3 80 (49.08%) Microservices
4 61 (37.42%) AWS
5 60 (36.81%) Java
6 59 (36.20%) DevOps
7 55 (33.74%) SQL
8 47 (28.83%) Finance
9 46 (28.22%) Jenkins
10 44 (26.99%) Docker
11 43 (26.38%) Git (software)
12 42 (25.77%) TDD
13 41 (25.15%) Azure
13 41 (25.15%) Continuous Delivery
14 40 (24.54%) Test Automation
15 38 (23.31%) NoSQL
16 34 (20.86%) Spring Boot
16 34 (20.86%) Kafka
17 32 (19.63%) .NET
18 31 (19.02%) Scrum
18 31 (19.02%) TeamCity
18 31 (19.02%) Software Engineering
19 30 (18.40%) REST
20 28 (17.18%) Serverless
20 28 (17.18%) Spring
21 25 (15.34%) Front Office
22 24 (14.72%) Banking
22 24 (14.72%) RESTful
22 24 (14.72%) Technology Roadmap
23 23 (14.11%) Social Skills

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (6.13%) Confluence
2 3 (1.84%) BizTalk Server
2 3 (1.84%) Cloud Foundry
2 3 (1.84%) Tomcat
3 2 (1.23%) WebLogic
4 1 (0.61%) Apache
4 1 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
4 1 (0.61%) Apache Spark
4 1 (0.61%) CMS
4 1 (0.61%) IBM HTTP Server
4 1 (0.61%) IIS
4 1 (0.61%) nginx
4 1 (0.61%) Oracle Coherence
4 1 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 1 (0.61%) SAS
Applications
1 1 (0.61%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (1.23%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 1 (0.61%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 61 (37.42%) AWS
2 41 (25.15%) Azure
3 28 (17.18%) Serverless
4 20 (12.27%) AWS Lambda
5 16 (9.82%) GitHub
6 7 (4.29%) Amazon ECS
6 7 (4.29%) OpenShift
7 6 (3.68%) AWS CloudFormation
7 6 (3.68%) GCP
8 5 (3.07%) Cloud Computing
8 5 (3.07%) Microsoft 365
9 4 (2.45%) Azure Key Vault
10 3 (1.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 3 (1.84%) Amazon EKS
10 3 (1.84%) Datadog
10 3 (1.84%) GitHub Actions
10 3 (1.84%) IaaS
10 3 (1.84%) PaaS
10 3 (1.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 2 (1.23%) AWS CodePipeline
Communications & Networking
1 11 (6.75%) HTTP
2 10 (6.13%) HTTPS
3 1 (0.61%) Firewall
3 1 (0.61%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (23.31%) NoSQL
2 20 (12.27%) SQL Server
3 10 (6.13%) MongoDB
3 10 (6.13%) MySQL
4 7 (4.29%) Oracle Database
5 6 (3.68%) Data Warehouse
6 5 (3.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 5 (3.07%) Relational Database
7 4 (2.45%) RDBMS
8 3 (1.84%) Amazon RDS
8 3 (1.84%) CouchDB
8 3 (1.84%) Oracle Database 11g
8 3 (1.84%) Oracle Database 12c
8 3 (1.84%) Redis
8 3 (1.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 3 (1.84%) SSDT
9 2 (1.23%) Data Lake
9 2 (1.23%) Hazelcast
9 2 (1.23%) PostgreSQL
9 2 (1.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 46 (28.22%) Jenkins
2 43 (26.38%) Git (software)
3 31 (19.02%) TeamCity
4 20 (12.27%) JIRA
5 14 (8.59%) Cucumber
6 12 (7.36%) Moq
6 12 (7.36%) NUnit
7 11 (6.75%) Maven
8 7 (4.29%) GitLab
8 7 (4.29%) Selenium
8 7 (4.29%) Visual Studio
9 6 (3.68%) Gradle
10 5 (3.07%) IBM UrbanCode
10 5 (3.07%) JUnit
10 5 (3.07%) Subversion
11 4 (2.45%) webpack
12 3 (1.84%) Bitbucket Server
12 3 (1.84%) CircleCI
12 3 (1.84%) Jasmine
12 3 (1.84%) WebDriver
General
1 47 (28.83%) Finance
2 25 (15.34%) Front Office
3 24 (14.72%) Banking
4 23 (14.11%) Social Skills
5 14 (8.59%) Investment Banking
6 11 (6.75%) Retail
7 9 (5.52%) Financial Institution
8 8 (4.91%) Analytical Skills
8 8 (4.91%) Legal
9 5 (3.07%) Public Sector
10 3 (1.84%) Automotive
11 2 (1.23%) Documentation Skills
11 2 (1.23%) Influencing Skills
11 2 (1.23%) International Banking
11 2 (1.23%) Presentation Skills
12 1 (0.61%) German Language
12 1 (0.61%) Publishing
12 1 (0.61%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 81 (49.69%) Developer
2 28 (17.18%) Java Engineer
3 25 (15.34%) Senior Developer
4 22 (13.50%) Java Developer
5 18 (11.04%) DevOps Engineer
6 16 (9.82%) Front Office Developer
7 14 (8.59%) Java Software Engineer
7 14 (8.59%) Scala Developer
7 14 (8.59%) Senior Java Engineer
7 14 (8.59%) Senior Java Software Engineer
7 14 (8.59%) Senior Software Engineer
7 14 (8.59%) Software Engineer
8 13 (7.98%) .NET Developer
9 12 (7.36%) Senior .NET Developer
10 11 (6.75%) Full Stack Developer
11 10 (6.13%) Architect
12 7 (4.29%) AWS DevOps
12 7 (4.29%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 7 (4.29%) AWS Engineer
13 6 (3.68%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (20.86%) Kafka
1 34 (20.86%) Spring Boot
2 32 (19.63%) .NET
3 30 (18.40%) REST
4 28 (17.18%) Spring
5 24 (14.72%) RESTful
6 16 (9.82%) ASP.NET
6 16 (9.82%) HTML
6 16 (9.82%) RabbitMQ
6 16 (9.82%) React
7 14 (8.59%) .NET Core
8 13 (7.98%) .NET Framework
8 13 (7.98%) ASP.NET Core
8 13 (7.98%) Middleware
8 13 (7.98%) Play Framework
9 12 (7.36%) ASP.NET Web API
9 12 (7.36%) SignalR
10 11 (6.75%) SOAP
11 10 (6.13%) CSS
12 9 (5.52%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 8 (4.91%) Hedge funds
1 8 (4.91%) Virtual Team
2 7 (4.29%) Credit Risk
3 5 (3.07%) Management Information System
3 5 (3.07%) User Experience
4 3 (1.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 3 (1.84%) Legacy Systems
4 3 (1.84%) Market Risk
4 3 (1.84%) Public Cloud
5 2 (1.23%) Cloud Native
5 2 (1.23%) Fixed Income
5 2 (1.23%) Greenfield Project
5 2 (1.23%) Grid Computing
5 2 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (0.61%) Blockchain
6 1 (0.61%) Derivative
6 1 (0.61%) Equity Derivative
6 1 (0.61%) Hybrid Cloud
6 1 (0.61%) Mobile App
6 1 (0.61%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 15 (9.20%) Linux
2 12 (7.36%) Windows
3 6 (3.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 5 (3.07%) Windows Server
4 5 (3.07%) Windows Server 2019
5 4 (2.45%) Windows Server 2016
6 2 (1.23%) Unix
6 2 (1.23%) Windows Server 2008
6 2 (1.23%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.61%) Android
7 1 (0.61%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.61%) CentOS
7 1 (0.61%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 86 (52.76%) Agile
2 84 (51.53%) CI/CD
3 80 (49.08%) Microservices
4 59 (36.20%) DevOps
5 42 (25.77%) TDD
6 41 (25.15%) Continuous Delivery
7 40 (24.54%) Test Automation
8 31 (19.02%) Scrum
8 31 (19.02%) Software Engineering
9 24 (14.72%) Technology Roadmap
10 21 (12.88%) Continuous Deployment
11 20 (12.27%) OO
12 18 (11.04%) Full Stack Development
13 15 (9.20%) Multithreading
13 15 (9.20%) Problem-Solving
14 13 (7.98%) BDD
15 12 (7.36%) Asynchronous Programming
15 12 (7.36%) Kanban
15 12 (7.36%) Pair Programming
16 11 (6.75%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 60 (36.81%) Java
2 55 (33.74%) SQL
3 23 (14.11%) JavaScript
3 23 (14.11%) Python
4 15 (9.20%) C#
5 13 (7.98%) Scala
6 12 (7.36%) Bash
7 11 (6.75%) PowerShell
8 7 (4.29%) Groovy
9 6 (3.68%) TypeScript
10 5 (3.07%) C++
11 4 (2.45%) ES6
11 4 (2.45%) Kotlin
11 4 (2.45%) PL/SQL
12 3 (1.84%) T-SQL
13 2 (1.23%) C
13 2 (1.23%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 2 (1.23%) Ruby
13 2 (1.23%) Shell Script
14 1 (0.61%) Go
Qualifications
1 16 (9.82%) Security Cleared
2 12 (7.36%) SC Cleared
3 5 (3.07%) AWS Certification
3 5 (3.07%) Degree
4 3 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.61%) (ISC)2 CCSP
5 1 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.61%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.61%) CISSP
5 1 (0.61%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.61%) MCSE
5 1 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (5.52%) QA
2 8 (4.91%) GDPR
3 2 (1.23%) Accessibility
4 1 (0.61%) Data Quality
System Software
1 44 (26.99%) Docker
2 8 (4.91%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (1.23%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 23 (14.11%) Kubernetes
2 20 (12.27%) Ansible
3 19 (11.66%) Terraform
4 9 (5.52%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (4.29%) Puppet
6 4 (2.45%) Consul
6 4 (2.45%) Packer
7 3 (1.84%) Salt
8 2 (1.23%) ITRS Geneos
9 1 (0.61%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.61%) HP Quality Center
9 1 (0.61%) Nagios
9 1 (0.61%) rkt
9 1 (0.61%) WebSphere Cast Iron
9 1 (0.61%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 21 (12.88%) Confluent
2 18 (11.04%) Microsoft
2 18 (11.04%) Oracle
3 12 (7.36%) TIBCO
4 5 (3.07%) Google
5 3 (1.84%) PagerDuty
5 3 (1.84%) Refinitiv
5 3 (1.84%) SolarWinds
5 3 (1.84%) Splunk
6 2 (1.23%) FIS
6 2 (1.23%) IBM
6 2 (1.23%) Rogue Wave
7 1 (0.61%) AppDynamics
7 1 (0.61%) Bloomberg
7 1 (0.61%) DevExpress
7 1 (0.61%) Huawei
7 1 (0.61%) ION Trading
7 1 (0.61%) Red Hat
7 1 (0.61%) Sitecore
7 1 (0.61%) Tradeweb