Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 44 40 45
Rank change year-on-year -4 +5 -19
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 259 387 349
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.44% 5.50% 4.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.95% 6.29% 5.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 203 328 292
City of London median daily rate £575 £525 £524
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.52% +0.24% -2.56%
10th Percentile £450 £413 £413
90th Percentile £698 £650 £650
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £48.50 - -
Central London median hourly rate £48.50 - -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,228 6,151 6,408
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 89.58% 87.42% 89.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,097 4,894 5,087
City of London median daily rate £525 £505 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.96% -0.98% +7.37%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 57 96 60
City of London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.00 £19.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.63% -1.81% -3.25%
10th Percentile £12.02 £13.16 £13.31
90th Percentile £52.85 £33.38 £30.83
Central London median hourly rate £20.83 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +9.63% -5.00% +5.26%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the City of London region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate -1 8 £500 -4.76%
Continuous Integration
Central London

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 172 (66.41%) Agile Software Development
2 97 (37.45%) TDD
3 94 (36.29%) Java
4 90 (34.75%) DevOps
5 81 (31.27%) Python
6 70 (27.03%) Test Automation
7 68 (26.25%) AWS
7 68 (26.25%) Continuous Delivery
8 63 (24.32%) JavaScript
9 57 (22.01%) Scrum
10 55 (21.24%) Microservices
11 54 (20.85%) Jenkins
12 53 (20.46%) Linux
13 51 (19.69%) Git (software)
14 49 (18.92%) HTML
14 49 (18.92%) SQL
14 49 (18.92%) CSS
15 48 (18.53%) Azure
16 46 (17.76%) C#
16 46 (17.76%) Finance
17 43 (16.60%) Web Services
18 39 (15.06%) Docker
19 38 (14.67%) Kanban
20 37 (14.29%) BDD
21 36 (13.90%) .NET
21 36 (13.90%) Pair Programming
22 32 (12.36%) Kubernetes
23 31 (11.97%) Ruby
23 31 (11.97%) AngularJS
24 30 (11.58%) JIRA

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (6.18%) Confluence
2 15 (5.79%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (4.63%) CMS
4 9 (3.47%) Apache Spark
5 8 (3.09%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 8 (3.09%) IIS
6 7 (2.70%) nginx
7 5 (1.93%) Jupyter
7 5 (1.93%) SharePoint
7 5 (1.93%) SharePoint 2013
7 5 (1.93%) Sitecore CMS
7 5 (1.93%) Umbraco
8 4 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
8 4 (1.54%) OpenStack
9 3 (1.16%) Anypoint
9 3 (1.16%) WebLogic
9 3 (1.16%) WebSphere
10 2 (0.77%) Apache
10 2 (0.77%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.39%) SAS
Applications
1 5 (1.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (1.54%) Dynamics CRM
1 4 (1.54%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 68 (26.25%) AWS
2 48 (18.53%) Azure
3 25 (9.65%) GitHub
4 18 (6.95%) Serverless
5 17 (6.56%) AWS Lambda
6 15 (5.79%) GCP
7 13 (5.02%) Amazon EC2
7 13 (5.02%) Amazon S3
8 11 (4.25%) npm
8 11 (4.25%) PaaS
9 9 (3.47%) Datadog
9 9 (3.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 7 (2.70%) AWS CloudFormation
11 6 (2.32%) Amazon SQS
11 6 (2.32%) AWS CodePipeline
12 5 (1.93%) Power Platform
13 4 (1.54%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 4 (1.54%) Amazon Glacier
13 4 (1.54%) AWS Fargate
13 4 (1.54%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.09%) VPN
2 7 (2.70%) Firewall
2 7 (2.70%) Internet
3 5 (1.93%) HTTP
4 4 (1.54%) DNS
5 2 (0.77%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.39%) AMQP
6 1 (0.39%) DHCP
6 1 (0.39%) FTP
6 1 (0.39%) InfiniBand
6 1 (0.39%) Intrusion Detection
6 1 (0.39%) IPsec
6 1 (0.39%) NAS
6 1 (0.39%) SSL
6 1 (0.39%) VLAN
6 1 (0.39%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (10.81%) SQL Server
2 22 (8.49%) Relational Database
3 17 (6.56%) PostgreSQL
4 14 (5.41%) MongoDB
5 13 (5.02%) NoSQL
6 11 (4.25%) Amazon RDS
7 10 (3.86%) Big Data
8 9 (3.47%) Data Lake
9 7 (2.70%) Jackrabbit
9 7 (2.70%) MySQL
10 6 (2.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 6 (2.32%) Apache Cassandra
10 6 (2.32%) Hadoop
11 5 (1.93%) Power BI
11 5 (1.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 4 (1.54%) Azure SQL Database
12 4 (1.54%) Data Warehouse
12 4 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 3 (1.16%) Apache Hive
13 3 (1.16%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 54 (20.85%) Jenkins
2 51 (19.69%) Git (software)
3 30 (11.58%) JIRA
4 25 (9.65%) TeamCity
5 15 (5.79%) Octopus Deploy
6 13 (5.02%) Grunt
6 13 (5.02%) gulp
7 12 (4.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 11 (4.25%) Maven
8 11 (4.25%) Visual Studio
9 10 (3.86%) Sonatype Nexus
10 7 (2.70%) CruiseControl
10 7 (2.70%) Cucumber
10 7 (2.70%) Mockito
10 7 (2.70%) Selenium
11 6 (2.32%) IntelliJ
11 6 (2.32%) JUnit
12 5 (1.93%) Gradle
12 5 (1.93%) SpecFlow
13 4 (1.54%) WebDriver
General
1 46 (17.76%) Finance
2 20 (7.72%) Banking
3 11 (4.25%) Front Office
4 10 (3.86%) Marketing
5 9 (3.47%) Public Sector
6 7 (2.70%) Games
6 7 (2.70%) Law
7 5 (1.93%) Investment Banking
7 5 (1.93%) Retail
8 2 (0.77%) Legal
9 1 (0.39%) Advertising
9 1 (0.39%) Back Office
9 1 (0.39%) Billing
9 1 (0.39%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 121 (46.72%) Developer
2 46 (17.76%) DevOps Engineer
3 30 (11.58%) Java Developer
4 24 (9.27%) Senior Developer
5 20 (7.72%) Architect
6 19 (7.34%) Python Developer
7 16 (6.18%) AWS DevOps
7 16 (6.18%) AWS Engineer
8 15 (5.79%) C# Developer
9 13 (5.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 11 (4.25%) Angular Developer
11 10 (3.86%) Data Engineer
11 10 (3.86%) Full Stack Developer
11 10 (3.86%) Tester
12 9 (3.47%) Azure DevOps
12 9 (3.47%) React Developer
13 8 (3.09%) Cloud Engineer
13 8 (3.09%) Technical Architect
14 7 (2.70%) Agile Coach
14 7 (2.70%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (18.92%) CSS
1 49 (18.92%) HTML
2 43 (16.60%) Web Services
3 36 (13.90%) .NET
4 31 (11.97%) AngularJS
5 26 (10.04%) React
6 21 (8.11%) JSON
7 20 (7.72%) Node.js
7 20 (7.72%) RESTful
8 18 (6.95%) Kafka
9 15 (5.79%) .NET Framework
10 14 (5.41%) HTML5
10 14 (5.41%) Spring
11 12 (4.63%) Redux
12 11 (4.25%) ASP.NET Web API
12 11 (4.25%) REST
13 10 (3.86%) ASP.NET
13 10 (3.86%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 8 (3.09%) ASP.NET MVC
15 7 (2.70%) JSR 170
Miscellaneous
1 15 (5.79%) Greenfield Project
2 14 (5.41%) Analytical Skills
2 14 (5.41%) User Experience
3 10 (3.86%) Public Cloud
4 7 (2.70%) Enterprise Software
4 7 (2.70%) Mobile App
5 6 (2.32%) Cloud Native
5 6 (2.32%) Data Structures
5 6 (2.32%) Hedge funds
6 5 (1.93%) Management Information System
7 4 (1.54%) Algorithms
7 4 (1.54%) Equities
7 4 (1.54%) iPad
7 4 (1.54%) Social Media
8 3 (1.16%) Derivative
8 3 (1.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 3 (1.16%) Mobile Payment
9 2 (0.77%) 3D Graphics
9 2 (0.77%) Spread Betting
9 2 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 53 (20.46%) Linux
2 18 (6.95%) Windows
3 13 (5.02%) Unix
4 11 (4.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.54%) Debian
5 4 (1.54%) Windows Server
6 3 (1.16%) Android
6 3 (1.16%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.39%) CentOS
7 1 (0.39%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 172 (66.41%) Agile Software Development
2 97 (37.45%) TDD
3 90 (34.75%) DevOps
4 70 (27.03%) Test Automation
5 68 (26.25%) Continuous Delivery
6 57 (22.01%) Scrum
7 55 (21.24%) Microservices
8 38 (14.67%) Kanban
9 37 (14.29%) BDD
10 36 (13.90%) Pair Programming
11 28 (10.81%) SDLC
12 24 (9.27%) Continuous Deployment
12 24 (9.27%) Open Source
12 24 (9.27%) Software Engineering
12 24 (9.27%) Unit Testing
13 22 (8.49%) Front End Development
14 21 (8.11%) Configuration Management
14 21 (8.11%) User Stories
15 20 (7.72%) Infrastructure as Code
16 19 (7.34%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 94 (36.29%) Java
2 81 (31.27%) Python
3 63 (24.32%) JavaScript
4 49 (18.92%) SQL
5 46 (17.76%) C#
6 31 (11.97%) Ruby
7 20 (7.72%) Java 8
8 19 (7.34%) Bash Shell
8 19 (7.34%) Scala
9 14 (5.41%) PowerShell
10 13 (5.02%) Perl
11 12 (4.63%) Go
12 10 (3.86%) Groovy
12 10 (3.86%) TypeScript
13 9 (3.47%) PHP
14 7 (2.70%) C++
15 6 (2.32%) Kotlin
16 4 (1.54%) Shell Script
16 4 (1.54%) T-SQL
17 3 (1.16%) ES6
Qualifications
1 19 (7.34%) Degree
1 19 (7.34%) Security Cleared
2 11 (4.25%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (3.86%) SC Cleared
4 7 (2.70%) Master's Degree
4 7 (2.70%) RHCE
5 6 (2.32%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.77%) DV Cleared
6 2 (0.77%) ISEB
6 2 (0.77%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.39%) CHECK Team Member
7 1 (0.39%) CISSP
7 1 (0.39%) IISP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (10.42%) QA
2 1 (0.39%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.39%) PCI DSS
2 1 (0.39%) PMO
System Software
1 39 (15.06%) Docker
2 7 (2.70%) Virtual Machines
3 6 (2.32%) Active Directory
4 3 (1.16%) HDFS
5 1 (0.39%) etcd
5 1 (0.39%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 32 (12.36%) Kubernetes
2 30 (11.58%) Terraform
3 25 (9.65%) Ansible
4 18 (6.95%) Puppet
5 16 (6.18%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (2.70%) Suricata
7 6 (2.32%) Nagios
7 6 (2.32%) Packer
8 5 (1.93%) Prometheus
9 4 (1.54%) ITRS Geneos
9 4 (1.54%) Kibana
9 4 (1.54%) ZABBIX
10 3 (1.16%) Hadoop YARN
11 2 (0.77%) Control-M
11 2 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.77%) logstash
12 1 (0.39%) CASB
12 1 (0.39%) Kubeflow
12 1 (0.39%) Pingdom
12 1 (0.39%) Salt
Vendors
1 26 (10.04%) Microsoft
2 14 (5.41%) Google
3 13 (5.02%) Red Hat
3 13 (5.02%) Splunk
4 12 (4.63%) ServiceNow
5 9 (3.47%) Sitecore
6 8 (3.09%) Adobe
6 8 (3.09%) Tableau
7 7 (2.70%) Qualys
7 7 (2.70%) Vermilion
8 6 (2.32%) Atlassian
9 5 (1.93%) Oracle
9 5 (1.93%) Perforce
10 4 (1.54%) BMC
10 4 (1.54%) New Relic
10 4 (1.54%) Remedy
11 3 (1.16%) Cloudera
11 3 (1.16%) MuleSoft
11 3 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
12 2 (0.77%) Bloomberg