Period
to 18 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 18 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 67 44 40
Rank change year-on-year -23 -4 -4
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 239 359 342
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.70% 5.10% 5.14%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.11% 5.80% 5.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 180 300 273
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.32% -2.38%
10th Percentile £450 £413 £375
90th Percentile £680 £675 £625
Central London median daily rate £550 £528 £500
% change year-on-year +4.27% +5.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
City of London median hourly rate - £32.00 -
Central London median hourly rate - £32.00 -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,809 6,188 5,947
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.01% 87.89% 89.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,523 4,888 4,602
City of London median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £322
90th Percentile £675 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 71 109 56
City of London median hourly rate £20.83 £18.70 £20.52
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.39% -8.87% +2.60%
10th Percentile £11.25 £13.30 £13.31
90th Percentile £56.50 £30.60 £31.13
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £18.70 £18.85
% change year-on-year +12.30% -0.80% -5.75%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

For the 6 months to 18 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 150 (62.76%) Agile Software Development
2 100 (41.84%) DevOps
3 84 (35.15%) TDD
4 81 (33.89%) Java
5 76 (31.80%) Python
6 71 (29.71%) Amazon AWS
7 66 (27.62%) Test Automation
8 63 (26.36%) Continuous Delivery
9 62 (25.94%) Microsoft Azure
10 59 (24.69%) Linux
11 57 (23.85%) JavaScript
11 57 (23.85%) Microservices
12 56 (23.43%) SQL
13 54 (22.59%) Finance
13 54 (22.59%) Jenkins
14 51 (21.34%) C#
15 50 (20.92%) Scrum
16 47 (19.67%) Git (software)
17 45 (18.83%) .NET
18 40 (16.74%) Web Services
19 39 (16.32%) CSS
19 39 (16.32%) Docker
20 38 (15.90%) Ansible
21 37 (15.48%) HTML
22 33 (13.81%) Ruby
22 33 (13.81%) AngularJS
22 33 (13.81%) Open Source
23 32 (13.39%) Pair Programming
23 32 (13.39%) Kubernetes
24 31 (12.97%) Kanban

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (6.69%) Elasticsearch
2 14 (5.86%) Confluence
3 11 (4.60%) nginx
4 8 (3.35%) Apache
4 8 (3.35%) Apache Spark
5 7 (2.93%) IIS
6 4 (1.67%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 4 (1.67%) CMS
6 4 (1.67%) OpenStack
7 3 (1.26%) Cloud Foundry
7 3 (1.26%) Tomcat
7 3 (1.26%) WebSphere
8 2 (0.84%) Jetty
8 2 (0.84%) Jupyter
8 2 (0.84%) Mongrel
8 2 (0.84%) WordPress
9 1 (0.42%) JBoss
9 1 (0.42%) NetWeaver
9 1 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 1 (0.42%) WildFly
Applications
1 4 (1.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.42%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (1.67%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 71 (29.71%) Amazon AWS
2 62 (25.94%) Microsoft Azure
3 24 (10.04%) Serverless
4 20 (8.37%) AWS Lambda
5 19 (7.95%) GitHub
6 13 (5.44%) Amazon EC2
6 13 (5.44%) AWS CloudFormation
6 13 (5.44%) Azure Functions
7 12 (5.02%) Amazon S3
7 12 (5.02%) Datadog
8 11 (4.60%) PaaS
8 11 (4.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 9 (3.77%) SaaS
10 8 (3.35%) Google Cloud Platform
11 6 (2.51%) IaaS
12 5 (2.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 5 (2.09%) Amazon SQS
12 5 (2.09%) npm
13 4 (1.67%) AWS CloudTrail
13 4 (1.67%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.35%) VPN
2 7 (2.93%) DNS
2 7 (2.93%) Internet
2 7 (2.93%) TCP/IP
3 6 (2.51%) HTTP
4 4 (1.67%) DHCP
4 4 (1.67%) Firewall
4 4 (1.67%) FTP
4 4 (1.67%) IPsec
4 4 (1.67%) SSL
5 1 (0.42%) InfiniBand
5 1 (0.42%) Intrusion Detection
5 1 (0.42%) NAS
5 1 (0.42%) VLAN
5 1 (0.42%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (11.72%) SQL Server
2 25 (10.46%) PostgreSQL
2 25 (10.46%) Relational Database
3 19 (7.95%) MongoDB
4 14 (5.86%) Amazon RDS
5 12 (5.02%) Big Data
6 11 (4.60%) Apache Cassandra
7 10 (4.18%) NoSQL
8 8 (3.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 8 (3.35%) Hadoop
9 7 (2.93%) Cosmos DB
9 7 (2.93%) MySQL
9 7 (2.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 6 (2.51%) Azure SQL Database
10 6 (2.51%) Data Lake
10 6 (2.51%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 5 (2.09%) Apache Hive
11 5 (2.09%) RDBMS
11 5 (2.09%) SQL Server 2012
11 5 (2.09%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 54 (22.59%) Jenkins
2 47 (19.67%) Git (software)
3 28 (11.72%) JIRA
4 21 (8.79%) TeamCity
5 15 (6.28%) Sonatype Nexus
6 10 (4.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 10 (4.18%) Maven
6 10 (4.18%) Selenium
7 7 (2.93%) CruiseControl
7 7 (2.93%) Octopus Deploy
7 7 (2.93%) SpecFlow
7 7 (2.93%) Visual Studio Team System
8 5 (2.09%) Artifactory
8 5 (2.09%) Cucumber
8 5 (2.09%) MSBuild
8 5 (2.09%) NUnit
8 5 (2.09%) Subversion
8 5 (2.09%) Travis CI
8 5 (2.09%) Visual Studio
8 5 (2.09%) WebDriver
General
1 54 (22.59%) Finance
2 26 (10.88%) Banking
3 18 (7.53%) Retail
4 11 (4.60%) Public Sector
5 9 (3.77%) Front Office
6 8 (3.35%) Law
7 6 (2.51%) Financial Institution
8 5 (2.09%) Games
9 4 (1.67%) Back Office
9 4 (1.67%) Marketing
10 3 (1.26%) Legal
11 2 (0.84%) Investment Banking
12 1 (0.42%) Automotive
12 1 (0.42%) Online Betting
12 1 (0.42%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 110 (46.03%) Developer
2 51 (21.34%) DevOps Engineer
3 23 (9.62%) Senior Developer
4 22 (9.21%) Java Developer
5 19 (7.95%) Python Developer
6 16 (6.69%) C# Developer
7 14 (5.86%) AWS Engineer
7 14 (5.86%) Tester
8 12 (5.02%) AWS DevOps
8 12 (5.02%) Azure DevOps
9 11 (4.60%) Angular Developer
10 10 (4.18%) Architect
10 10 (4.18%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 10 (4.18%) JavaScript Developer
11 9 (3.77%) Full Stack Developer
12 8 (3.35%) Software Engineer
12 8 (3.35%) SQL Developer
13 7 (2.93%) .NET Developer
13 7 (2.93%) Java Engineer
13 7 (2.93%) Penetration Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (18.83%) .NET
2 40 (16.74%) Web Services
3 39 (16.32%) CSS
4 37 (15.48%) HTML
5 33 (13.81%) AngularJS
6 27 (11.30%) RESTful
7 25 (10.46%) Kafka
8 23 (9.62%) JSON
8 23 (9.62%) Node.js
9 20 (8.37%) React
10 18 (7.53%) REST
11 13 (5.44%) HTML5
12 12 (5.02%) XML
13 11 (4.60%) .NET Core
13 11 (4.60%) .NET Framework
13 11 (4.60%) Redux
13 11 (4.60%) Spring
14 10 (4.18%) WCF
15 9 (3.77%) Django
15 9 (3.77%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 15 (6.28%) Greenfield Project
2 13 (5.44%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (4.18%) Public Cloud
4 8 (3.35%) User Experience
5 7 (2.93%) Algorithms
6 6 (2.51%) Data Structures
6 6 (2.51%) Equities
7 5 (2.09%) Cloud Native
7 5 (2.09%) Derivative
7 5 (2.09%) Mobile App
7 5 (2.09%) Social Media
8 4 (1.67%) Hybrid Cloud
8 4 (1.67%) Spread Betting
9 3 (1.26%) Data Protection Act
9 3 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
9 3 (1.26%) Fixed Income
9 3 (1.26%) Hedge funds
9 3 (1.26%) iPad
9 3 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
10 2 (0.84%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 59 (24.69%) Linux
2 21 (8.79%) Windows
3 11 (4.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 11 (4.60%) Unix
4 6 (2.51%) Android
5 4 (1.67%) Apple iOS
5 4 (1.67%) CentOS
5 4 (1.67%) Ubuntu
5 4 (1.67%) Windows Server
6 2 (0.84%) Debian
7 1 (0.42%) Fedora
7 1 (0.42%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.42%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 150 (62.76%) Agile Software Development
2 100 (41.84%) DevOps
3 84 (35.15%) TDD
4 66 (27.62%) Test Automation
5 63 (26.36%) Continuous Delivery
6 57 (23.85%) Microservices
7 50 (20.92%) Scrum
8 33 (13.81%) Open Source
9 32 (13.39%) Pair Programming
10 31 (12.97%) Kanban
11 30 (12.55%) BDD
11 30 (12.55%) Unit Testing
12 26 (10.88%) Continuous Deployment
13 24 (10.04%) Configuration Management
13 24 (10.04%) SDLC
14 23 (9.62%) Continuous Improvement
14 23 (9.62%) Software Engineering
15 22 (9.21%) Deployment Automation
16 20 (8.37%) User Stories
17 18 (7.53%) OO
Programming Languages
1 81 (33.89%) Java
2 76 (31.80%) Python
3 57 (23.85%) JavaScript
4 56 (23.43%) SQL
5 51 (21.34%) C#
6 33 (13.81%) Ruby
7 21 (8.79%) Bash Shell
8 19 (7.95%) Java 8
9 15 (6.28%) PHP
10 14 (5.86%) PowerShell
10 14 (5.86%) Scala
11 13 (5.44%) Perl
12 11 (4.60%) TypeScript
13 8 (3.35%) T-SQL
14 4 (1.67%) Go
14 4 (1.67%) Kotlin
15 3 (1.26%) Groovy
15 3 (1.26%) PL/SQL
15 3 (1.26%) Shell Script
16 2 (0.84%) C
Qualifications
1 17 (7.11%) Security Cleared
2 11 (4.60%) SC Cleared
3 9 (3.77%) Degree
4 7 (2.93%) RHCE
5 5 (2.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (2.09%) Master's Degree
6 4 (1.67%) AWS Certification
7 2 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.84%) CHECK Team Member
7 2 (0.84%) CISSP
8 1 (0.42%) CCNP
8 1 (0.42%) CEH
8 1 (0.42%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.42%) GCIA
8 1 (0.42%) GCIH
8 1 (0.42%) GIAC
8 1 (0.42%) GSEC
8 1 (0.42%) ISEB
8 1 (0.42%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.42%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (7.53%) QA
2 3 (1.26%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.84%) SEPA
4 1 (0.42%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.42%) PMO
4 1 (0.42%) PSD2
System Software
1 39 (16.32%) Docker
2 7 (2.93%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.67%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.84%) HDFS
4 2 (0.84%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.84%) Xen
5 1 (0.42%) KVM
5 1 (0.42%) vCloud
5 1 (0.42%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 38 (15.90%) Ansible
2 32 (13.39%) Kubernetes
3 28 (11.72%) Terraform
4 26 (10.88%) Puppet
5 22 (9.21%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (2.93%) Suricata
7 6 (2.51%) Nagios
8 5 (2.09%) ZABBIX
9 4 (1.67%) ITRS Geneos
9 4 (1.67%) Kibana
9 4 (1.67%) logstash
10 3 (1.26%) Marathon
10 3 (1.26%) Mesos
11 2 (0.84%) Consul
11 2 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.84%) Graphite
11 2 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
11 2 (0.84%) HP Quality Center
11 2 (0.84%) Packer
11 2 (0.84%) Salt
Vendors
1 26 (10.88%) Microsoft
2 11 (4.60%) Google
2 11 (4.60%) Red Hat
2 11 (4.60%) ServiceNow
2 11 (4.60%) Splunk
3 8 (3.35%) Oracle
4 7 (2.93%) Perforce
4 7 (2.93%) Qualys
5 5 (2.09%) Tableau
6 4 (1.67%) Adobe
6 4 (1.67%) Bloomberg
6 4 (1.67%) BMC
6 4 (1.67%) HP
6 4 (1.67%) Remedy
7 3 (1.26%) Atlassian
7 3 (1.26%) IBM
7 3 (1.26%) VMware
8 2 (0.84%) Dell
8 2 (0.84%) EMC
8 2 (0.84%) New Relic