Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 55 42 36
Rank change year-on-year -13 -6 -7
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 170 340 390
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.95% 5.02% 5.50%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.55% 5.62% 6.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 143 250 325
Median daily rate £575 £538 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.98% +2.38% -
10th Percentile £413 £413 £425
90th Percentile £711 £675 £648
Central London median daily rate £563 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +2.27% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
Median hourly rate £48.50 - -
Central London median hourly rate £48.50 - -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,740 6,047 6,351
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 86.96% 89.32% 89.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,778 4,674 5,033
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +3.54%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £335
90th Percentile £675 £675 £695
Central London median daily rate £510 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -2.86% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 55 89
Median hourly rate £25.00 £22.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.64% +10.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £12.42 £12.86 £11.81
90th Percentile £52.15 £42.61 £46.08
Median hourly rate £27.50 £21.34 £21.50
% change year-on-year +28.87% -0.74% +13.16%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the City of London region over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +10 2 £500 -4.76%
Continuous Integration
Central London

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 98 (57.65%) Agile Software Development
2 65 (38.24%) DevOps
3 63 (37.06%) Java
4 58 (34.12%) JavaScript
5 53 (31.18%) TDD
6 49 (28.82%) Python
7 45 (26.47%) Continuous Delivery
8 42 (24.71%) AWS
9 41 (24.12%) Test Automation
9 41 (24.12%) Jenkins
10 37 (21.76%) CSS
11 36 (21.18%) HTML
12 35 (20.59%) Git (software)
12 35 (20.59%) Docker
13 33 (19.41%) Kubernetes
14 30 (17.65%) Microservices
15 29 (17.06%) Scrum
15 29 (17.06%) Terraform
16 26 (15.29%) Continuous Deployment
17 25 (14.71%) GitHub
17 25 (14.71%) Linux
17 25 (14.71%) Pair Programming
18 24 (14.12%) Azure
18 24 (14.12%) Web Services
18 24 (14.12%) Node.js
19 22 (12.94%) BDD
19 22 (12.94%) RESTful
20 21 (12.35%) Ruby
21 20 (11.76%) C#
21 20 (11.76%) .NET

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (5.88%) Confluence
2 9 (5.29%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (4.71%) CMS
4 6 (3.53%) WebLogic
4 6 (3.53%) WebSphere
5 5 (2.94%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 5 (2.94%) IIS
5 5 (2.94%) Tomcat
6 4 (2.35%) Apache Spark
7 3 (1.76%) nginx
8 1 (0.59%) Anypoint
8 1 (0.59%) DataSynapse
8 1 (0.59%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.59%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.59%) SharePoint 2013
8 1 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.59%) Tornado
8 1 (0.59%) Umbraco
Business Applications
1 4 (2.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.59%) FastStats
2 1 (0.59%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 42 (24.71%) AWS
2 25 (14.71%) GitHub
3 24 (14.12%) Azure
4 20 (11.76%) GCP
5 11 (6.47%) Serverless
6 8 (4.71%) Amazon EC2
7 7 (4.12%) Amazon S3
7 7 (4.12%) AWS Lambda
7 7 (4.12%) npm
8 5 (2.94%) Route 53
8 5 (2.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 4 (2.35%) Amazon EKS
10 3 (1.76%) Amazon SQS
10 3 (1.76%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (1.76%) AWS CodePipeline
10 3 (1.76%) PaaS
11 2 (1.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 2 (1.18%) Dynamics 365
11 2 (1.18%) Firebase
11 2 (1.18%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 13 (7.65%) HTTP
2 6 (3.53%) Firewall
3 3 (1.76%) SSL
3 3 (1.76%) TCP/IP
4 2 (1.18%) DNS
4 2 (1.18%) VPN
5 1 (0.59%) AMQP
5 1 (0.59%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.59%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (7.65%) SQL Server
2 9 (5.29%) NoSQL
3 8 (4.71%) Data Warehouse
4 7 (4.12%) MongoDB
4 7 (4.12%) PostgreSQL
5 5 (2.94%) Data Lake
5 5 (2.94%) Jackrabbit
5 5 (2.94%) MySQL
6 4 (2.35%) Amazon RDS
6 4 (2.35%) Big Data
6 4 (2.35%) Relational Database
7 2 (1.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 2 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
7 2 (1.18%) Oracle Database
7 2 (1.18%) Power BI
7 2 (1.18%) Redis
7 2 (1.18%) Spark SQL
7 2 (1.18%) SQL Server 2008
7 2 (1.18%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 2 (1.18%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 41 (24.12%) Jenkins
2 35 (20.59%) Git (software)
3 15 (8.82%) JIRA
4 11 (6.47%) Maven
5 10 (5.88%) Ant
6 9 (5.29%) git-flow
6 9 (5.29%) JUnit
7 8 (4.71%) Visual Studio
8 6 (3.53%) Gradle
8 6 (3.53%) JMeter
8 6 (3.53%) Mockito
8 6 (3.53%) TeamCity
9 5 (2.94%) Octopus Deploy
9 5 (2.94%) Selenium
10 4 (2.35%) Sonatype Nexus
10 4 (2.35%) Team Foundation Server
11 3 (1.76%) Cucumber
11 3 (1.76%) Grunt
11 3 (1.76%) gulp
11 3 (1.76%) Mercurial
General
1 17 (10.00%) Finance
2 6 (3.53%) Banking
2 6 (3.53%) Public Sector
3 5 (2.94%) Marketing
4 4 (2.35%) Investment Banking
5 3 (1.76%) Front Office
6 2 (1.18%) Financial Institution
6 2 (1.18%) Housing Association
7 1 (0.59%) Advertising
7 1 (0.59%) Billing
7 1 (0.59%) Legal
7 1 (0.59%) Publishing
7 1 (0.59%) Retail
Job Titles
1 94 (55.29%) Developer
2 30 (17.65%) Java Developer
3 22 (12.94%) DevOps Engineer
4 13 (7.65%) Architect
5 11 (6.47%) Senior Developer
6 10 (5.88%) React Developer
7 9 (5.29%) AWS Engineer
7 9 (5.29%) Technical Architect
8 8 (4.71%) AWS DevOps
8 8 (4.71%) C# Developer
8 8 (4.71%) Platform Engineer
9 7 (4.12%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 7 (4.12%) Cloud Engineer
9 7 (4.12%) Data Engineer
9 7 (4.12%) Python Engineer
10 6 (3.53%) AWS Developer
10 6 (3.53%) Full Stack Developer
10 6 (3.53%) Python Developer
10 6 (3.53%) SQL Developer
11 5 (2.94%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (21.76%) CSS
2 36 (21.18%) HTML
3 24 (14.12%) Node.js
3 24 (14.12%) Web Services
4 22 (12.94%) RESTful
5 20 (11.76%) .NET
5 20 (11.76%) React
6 14 (8.24%) AngularJS
6 14 (8.24%) Spring
7 13 (7.65%) HTML5
8 11 (6.47%) Redux
9 9 (5.29%) XML
10 8 (4.71%) RxJava
11 7 (4.12%) JSON
11 7 (4.12%) Kafka
11 7 (4.12%) REST
11 7 (4.12%) Ruby on Rails
11 7 (4.12%) SOAP
11 7 (4.12%) Vue.js
12 6 (3.53%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 16 (9.41%) User Experience
2 14 (8.24%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (5.88%) Greenfield Project
4 9 (5.29%) Mobile App
5 8 (4.71%) Mobile Payment
6 7 (4.12%) Data Structures
6 7 (4.12%) Enterprise Software
6 7 (4.12%) Public Cloud
7 6 (3.53%) Cloud Native
8 3 (1.76%) Algorithms
8 3 (1.76%) Hedge funds
8 3 (1.76%) Linux Command Line
8 3 (1.76%) Over-the-Top Content
8 3 (1.76%) Video\Live Streaming
9 2 (1.18%) Enterprise Cloud
9 2 (1.18%) Management Information System
9 2 (1.18%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (1.18%) Social Media
10 1 (0.59%) Cybercrime
10 1 (0.59%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 25 (14.71%) Linux
2 12 (7.06%) Unix
3 11 (6.47%) Windows
4 5 (2.94%) Apple iOS
5 2 (1.18%) Android
6 1 (0.59%) Debian
6 1 (0.59%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 98 (57.65%) Agile Software Development
2 65 (38.24%) DevOps
3 53 (31.18%) TDD
4 45 (26.47%) Continuous Delivery
5 41 (24.12%) Test Automation
6 30 (17.65%) Microservices
7 29 (17.06%) Scrum
8 26 (15.29%) Continuous Deployment
9 25 (14.71%) Pair Programming
10 22 (12.94%) BDD
11 20 (11.76%) Infrastructure as Code
12 17 (10.00%) Open Source
13 16 (9.41%) Computer Science
13 16 (9.41%) Software Engineering
14 15 (8.82%) SDLC
15 13 (7.65%) API Development
15 13 (7.65%) Unit Testing
16 12 (7.06%) Business Intelligence
17 11 (6.47%) Kanban
17 11 (6.47%) OO
Programming Languages
1 63 (37.06%) Java
2 58 (34.12%) JavaScript
3 49 (28.82%) Python
4 21 (12.35%) Ruby
5 20 (11.76%) C#
6 15 (8.82%) SQL
7 14 (8.24%) Go
8 11 (6.47%) Scala
9 10 (5.88%) Groovy
9 10 (5.88%) Java 8
10 9 (5.29%) Bash Shell
10 9 (5.29%) PowerShell
11 8 (4.71%) Kotlin
12 7 (4.12%) PHP
13 6 (3.53%) ES6
14 5 (2.94%) C++
14 5 (2.94%) TypeScript
15 3 (1.76%) Apple Swift
15 3 (1.76%) ES7
16 2 (1.18%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 18 (10.59%) Degree
2 13 (7.65%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (4.12%) Master's Degree
4 6 (3.53%) Security Cleared
5 5 (2.94%) SC Cleared
6 3 (1.76%) CHECK Team Member
6 3 (1.76%) ISTQB
7 2 (1.18%) ISEB
7 2 (1.18%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.59%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (10.00%) QA
2 2 (1.18%) MiFID
3 1 (0.59%) NCSC
3 1 (0.59%) SLA
System Software
1 35 (20.59%) Docker
2 1 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 33 (19.41%) Kubernetes
2 29 (17.06%) Terraform
3 15 (8.82%) Ansible
4 11 (6.47%) Puppet
5 7 (4.12%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (2.35%) Kubeflow
6 4 (2.35%) Prometheus
7 3 (1.76%) Kibana
7 3 (1.76%) logstash
8 2 (1.18%) Control-M
8 2 (1.18%) Packer
9 1 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
9 1 (0.59%) Graphite
9 1 (0.59%) Nagios
Vendors
1 14 (8.24%) Microsoft
2 10 (5.88%) Google
3 5 (2.94%) Adobe
4 4 (2.35%) Atlassian
4 4 (2.35%) Vermilion
5 2 (1.18%) GoldenSource
5 2 (1.18%) Lets Encrypt
5 2 (1.18%) Oracle
5 2 (1.18%) Salesforce.com
5 2 (1.18%) Sitecore
5 2 (1.18%) Tableau
6 1 (0.59%) Bloomberg
6 1 (0.59%) Cadence
6 1 (0.59%) Hortonworks
6 1 (0.59%) MuleSoft
6 1 (0.59%) Perforce
6 1 (0.59%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.59%) SAP
6 1 (0.59%) Splunk
6 1 (0.59%) TIBCO