Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 39 51 44
Rank change year-on-year +12 -7 -8
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 129 175 328
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.33% 4.31% 4.83%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.88% 4.93% 5.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 73 148 237
10th Percentile £477 £413 £414
25th Percentile £513 £495 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £613 £565 £550
Median % change year-on-year +8.41% +2.73% +4.76%
75th Percentile £675 £625 £588
90th Percentile £718 £704 £675
Central London median daily rate £613 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +11.36% - +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 1
Median hourly rate - £48.50 £10.50
Median % change year-on-year - +361.90% -
Central London median hourly rate - £48.50 £10.50
% change year-on-year - +361.90% -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,193 3,549 6,091
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.69% 87.44% 89.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,614 2,675 4,722
10th Percentile £340 £325 £325
25th Percentile £425 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £620 £613 £600
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £525
% change year-on-year +2.44% -2.38% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 52 53
10th Percentile £12.34 £12.42 £11.25
25th Percentile £15.69 £14.28 £16.00
Median hourly rate £25.75 £23.43 £20.65
Median % change year-on-year +9.91% +13.48% +3.23%
75th Percentile £27.81 £39.25 £33.00
90th Percentile £40.83 £52.93 £37.50
Central London median hourly rate £24.23 £23.43 £21.18
% change year-on-year +3.40% +10.61% +0.86%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 86 (66.67%) Agile Software Development
2 71 (55.04%) TDD
3 54 (41.86%) Java
3 54 (41.86%) Azure
4 53 (41.09%) JavaScript
5 51 (39.53%) DevOps
6 45 (34.88%) AngularJS
7 40 (31.01%) C#
8 39 (30.23%) .NET
8 39 (30.23%) Software Engineering
9 35 (27.13%) Continuous Improvement
10 33 (25.58%) PowerShell
10 33 (25.58%) Microservices
10 33 (25.58%) React
11 31 (24.03%) TypeScript
12 30 (23.26%) AWS
12 30 (23.26%) Jenkins
12 30 (23.26%) Finance
13 29 (22.48%) Analytics
14 28 (21.71%) Mentoring
14 28 (21.71%) Scaled Agile Framework
14 28 (21.71%) SQL Server
14 28 (21.71%) Microsoft
15 27 (20.93%) SharePoint
15 27 (20.93%) Business Intelligence
15 27 (20.93%) QA
15 27 (20.93%) Greenfield Project
15 27 (20.93%) Octopus Deploy
15 27 (20.93%) Azure Active Directory
16 26 (20.16%) Power BI

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (20.93%) SharePoint
2 8 (6.20%) Apache
2 8 (6.20%) Red Hat Fuse
3 4 (3.10%) Apache Spark
4 2 (1.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 2 (1.55%) Apache Airflow
4 2 (1.55%) CMS
4 2 (1.55%) Confluence
4 2 (1.55%) Oracle Coherence
5 1 (0.78%) Camunda
5 1 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
5 1 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.78%) NServiceBus
5 1 (0.78%) OpenStack
5 1 (0.78%) SAS
5 1 (0.78%) SharePoint 2013
5 1 (0.78%) Umbraco
5 1 (0.78%) WebSphere
Applications
1 2 (1.55%) Microsoft Excel
Cloud Services
1 54 (41.86%) Azure
2 30 (23.26%) AWS
3 27 (20.93%) Azure Active Directory
4 26 (20.16%) Power Platform
5 7 (5.43%) PaaS
5 7 (5.43%) SaaS
6 6 (4.65%) AWS CloudFormation
7 5 (3.88%) Amazon ECS
7 5 (3.88%) Amazon ElastiCache
7 5 (3.88%) Amazon Kinesis
8 4 (3.10%) IaaS
8 4 (3.10%) Serverless
9 3 (2.33%) Amazon S3
9 3 (2.33%) Amazon SQS
9 3 (2.33%) GitHub
9 3 (2.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 2 (1.55%) GCP
11 1 (0.78%) Azure Functions
11 1 (0.78%) Boomi
11 1 (0.78%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.55%) DECT
1 2 (1.55%) IPv4
1 2 (1.55%) IPv6
1 2 (1.55%) Multicast
1 2 (1.55%) PPP
1 2 (1.55%) UPnP
1 2 (1.55%) Wi-Fi
2 1 (0.78%) Broadband
2 1 (0.78%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (21.71%) SQL Server
2 26 (20.16%) Power BI
3 14 (10.85%) Relational Database
4 7 (5.43%) PostgreSQL
5 5 (3.88%) Hadoop
5 5 (3.88%) RDBMS
5 5 (3.88%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 3 (2.33%) Apache Hive
6 3 (2.33%) Big Data
7 2 (1.55%) Data Lake
7 2 (1.55%) MySQL
7 2 (1.55%) Oracle Database
7 2 (1.55%) Spark SQL
7 2 (1.55%) SQLite
8 1 (0.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 1 (0.78%) BigQuery
8 1 (0.78%) HBase
8 1 (0.78%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 30 (23.26%) Jenkins
2 27 (20.93%) Octopus Deploy
3 19 (14.73%) Git (software)
4 9 (6.98%) JIRA
5 7 (5.43%) JUnit
6 6 (4.65%) Maven
7 5 (3.88%) Mockito
8 4 (3.10%) GitLab
9 3 (2.33%) Bitbucket
9 3 (2.33%) Eclipse
9 3 (2.33%) IntelliJ
9 3 (2.33%) TeamCity
10 2 (1.55%) GDB
10 2 (1.55%) MSTest
10 2 (1.55%) NUnit
10 2 (1.55%) Selenium
10 2 (1.55%) SpecFlow
10 2 (1.55%) Visual Studio
11 1 (0.78%) Gradle
11 1 (0.78%) webpack
General
1 30 (23.26%) Finance
2 25 (19.38%) Banking
3 9 (6.98%) Front Office
3 9 (6.98%) Investment Banking
4 4 (3.10%) Back Office
4 4 (3.10%) Retail
5 3 (2.33%) Advertising
5 3 (2.33%) Public Sector
6 2 (1.55%) Games
7 1 (0.78%) Legal
7 1 (0.78%) Publishing
7 1 (0.78%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 67 (51.94%) Developer
2 21 (16.28%) Java Developer
2 21 (16.28%) Technical Leader
3 10 (7.75%) Architect
3 10 (7.75%) C# Developer
3 10 (7.75%) DevOps Engineer
4 9 (6.98%) Solutions Architect
5 8 (6.20%) Java Architect
5 8 (6.20%) Java Solutions Architect
6 7 (5.43%) Senior Developer
7 6 (4.65%) Front Office Developer
8 5 (3.88%) Analyst
8 5 (3.88%) Analyst Developer
8 5 (3.88%) Android Developer
8 5 (3.88%) Principal Developer
9 4 (3.10%) AWS Developer
9 4 (3.10%) AWS Engineer
9 4 (3.10%) Data Engineer
9 4 (3.10%) iOS Developer
9 4 (3.10%) SharePoint Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (34.88%) AngularJS
2 39 (30.23%) .NET
3 33 (25.58%) React
4 26 (20.16%) ASP.NET
4 26 (20.16%) ASP.NET Core
5 23 (17.83%) REST
6 19 (14.73%) Spring
7 18 (13.95%) HTML
8 14 (10.85%) HTML5
9 11 (8.53%) JMS
10 10 (7.75%) Hibernate
10 10 (7.75%) JDBC
10 10 (7.75%) jQuery
10 10 (7.75%) Kafka
11 8 (6.20%) Ajax
11 8 (6.20%) Apache Camel
11 8 (6.20%) GWT
11 8 (6.20%) JSF
11 8 (6.20%) Node.js
11 8 (6.20%) OSGi
Miscellaneous
1 27 (20.93%) Greenfield Project
2 14 (10.85%) Enterprise Software
3 13 (10.08%) Clustering
4 6 (4.65%) Mobile App
5 4 (3.10%) User Experience
6 2 (1.55%) Algorithms
6 2 (1.55%) Analytical Skills
6 2 (1.55%) Blog
6 2 (1.55%) Cloud Native
6 2 (1.55%) Derivative
6 2 (1.55%) Embedded Systems
6 2 (1.55%) Interest Rate Derivative
7 1 (0.78%) Client/Server
7 1 (0.78%) Cyberattack
7 1 (0.78%) Data Structures
7 1 (0.78%) Fixed Income
7 1 (0.78%) Over-the-Top Content
7 1 (0.78%) Private Cloud
7 1 (0.78%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (0.78%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 23 (17.83%) Linux
2 10 (7.75%) Android
3 6 (4.65%) Apple iOS
4 3 (2.33%) CentOS
4 3 (2.33%) Ubuntu
4 3 (2.33%) Unix
5 2 (1.55%) OpenWrt
5 2 (1.55%) Windows
6 1 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 86 (66.67%) Agile Software Development
2 71 (55.04%) TDD
3 51 (39.53%) DevOps
4 39 (30.23%) Software Engineering
5 35 (27.13%) Continuous Improvement
6 33 (25.58%) Microservices
7 29 (22.48%) Analytics
8 28 (21.71%) Mentoring
8 28 (21.71%) Scaled Agile Framework
9 27 (20.93%) Business Intelligence
10 20 (15.50%) OO
10 20 (15.50%) Scrum
11 18 (13.95%) Continuous Deployment
12 17 (13.18%) Test Automation
13 16 (12.40%) BDD
14 15 (11.63%) Continuous Delivery
14 15 (11.63%) High Availability
14 15 (11.63%) Performance Tuning
15 13 (10.08%) Extreme Programming
15 13 (10.08%) Information Security
Programming Languages
1 54 (41.86%) Java
2 53 (41.09%) JavaScript
3 40 (31.01%) C#
4 33 (25.58%) PowerShell
5 31 (24.03%) TypeScript
6 18 (13.95%) Python
7 17 (13.18%) Java 8
8 16 (12.40%) SQL
9 10 (7.75%) Kotlin
10 9 (6.98%) Bash Shell
11 7 (5.43%) Go
12 6 (4.65%) Scala
13 5 (3.88%) Ruby
14 4 (3.10%) PL/SQL
15 3 (2.33%) C
15 3 (2.33%) ES6
15 3 (2.33%) Shell Script
16 2 (1.55%) VBA
17 1 (0.78%) ActionScript
17 1 (0.78%) Ada
Qualifications
1 7 (5.43%) Degree
2 6 (4.65%) Security Cleared
3 5 (3.88%) SC Cleared
4 2 (1.55%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (20.93%) QA
2 2 (1.55%) JTAG
System Software
1 26 (20.16%) Active Directory
2 10 (7.75%) Docker
3 5 (3.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (2.33%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 8 (6.20%) Kubernetes
2 7 (5.43%) Terraform
3 5 (3.88%) vRealize
3 5 (3.88%) vRealize Orchestrator
4 4 (3.10%) Ansible
5 3 (2.33%) Consul
5 3 (2.33%) Grafana
6 2 (1.55%) Ambari
6 2 (1.55%) Hadoop YARN
7 1 (0.78%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.78%) Pingdom
7 1 (0.78%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.78%) Puppet
Vendors
1 28 (21.71%) Microsoft
2 12 (9.30%) Oracle
3 5 (3.88%) VMware
4 2 (1.55%) Adobe
4 2 (1.55%) Cloudera
4 2 (1.55%) Juniper
4 2 (1.55%) Xamarin
5 1 (0.78%) AppDynamics
5 1 (0.78%) Atlassian
5 1 (0.78%) Dell
5 1 (0.78%) Google
5 1 (0.78%) Informatica
5 1 (0.78%) New Relic
5 1 (0.78%) PagerDuty
5 1 (0.78%) Roku
5 1 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
5 1 (0.78%) Talend