Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 39 40 26
Rank change year-on-year +1 -14 +28
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 384 366 433
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.42% 5.09% 6.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.20% 5.68% 7.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 316 312 383
City of London median daily rate £531 £525 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.19% -4.55% +10.55%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £413
90th Percentile £663 £638 £670
Central London median daily rate £525 £515 £550
% change year-on-year +1.94% -6.36% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,192 6,443 5,805
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.42% 89.52% 88.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,874 5,131 4,588
City of London median daily rate £513 £510 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.49% +7.37% -
10th Percentile £325 £325 £317
90th Percentile £675 £688 £673
Central London median daily rate £505 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 82 63 53
City of London median hourly rate £19.00 £18.70 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.60% -6.50% -2.44%
10th Percentile £13.31 £13.30 £13.75
90th Percentile £34.80 £30.95 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £19.13 £20.25 £19.00
% change year-on-year -5.56% +6.58% -5.00%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -23 44 £550 -
Moorgate - 7 £525 -
Continuous Integration
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 277 (72.14%) Agile Software Development
2 159 (41.41%) TDD
3 152 (39.58%) Java
4 132 (34.38%) DevOps
5 125 (32.55%) Jenkins
6 117 (30.47%) Amazon AWS
7 113 (29.43%) Finance
8 103 (26.82%) Docker
9 101 (26.30%) Scrum
10 100 (26.04%) Test Automation
11 93 (24.22%) JavaScript
11 93 (24.22%) Python
12 79 (20.57%) Ansible
12 79 (20.57%) Continuous Delivery
13 78 (20.31%) Git (software)
14 75 (19.53%) SQL
15 70 (18.23%) Microservices
16 68 (17.71%) BDD
17 67 (17.45%) Banking
18 66 (17.19%) NoSQL
19 62 (16.15%) Puppet
20 61 (15.89%) Microsoft Azure
20 61 (15.89%) OO
21 58 (15.10%) C#
22 57 (14.84%) Oracle
23 55 (14.32%) Linux
23 55 (14.32%) Opscode Chef
24 54 (14.06%) HTML
25 53 (13.80%) Kubernetes
26 52 (13.54%) .NET

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (10.94%) Tomcat
2 34 (8.85%) OpenStack
3 33 (8.59%) WebSphere
4 31 (8.07%) WebLogic
5 21 (5.47%) Elasticsearch
6 15 (3.91%) Apache
6 15 (3.91%) Confluence
7 14 (3.65%) Apache Spark
8 11 (2.86%) CMS
9 7 (1.82%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (1.82%) Cloud Foundry
10 6 (1.56%) MS Exchange
11 5 (1.30%) nginx
12 4 (1.04%) Jetty
13 3 (0.78%) IIS
14 2 (0.52%) GlassFish
14 2 (0.52%) Mongrel
14 2 (0.52%) NServiceBus
14 2 (0.52%) WordPress
15 1 (0.26%) Anypoint
Applications
1 25 (6.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (2.08%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.52%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (0.52%) InVision
Business Applications
1 4 (1.04%) Dynamics AX
2 2 (0.52%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 117 (30.47%) Amazon AWS
2 61 (15.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 22 (5.73%) Amazon EC2
4 20 (5.21%) Google Cloud Platform
5 10 (2.60%) Amazon S3
5 10 (2.60%) Datadog
6 9 (2.34%) GitHub
7 8 (2.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 7 (1.82%) AWS CloudFormation
8 7 (1.82%) npm
9 6 (1.56%) PaaS
9 6 (1.56%) SaaS
9 6 (1.56%) Serverless
10 5 (1.30%) AWS Lambda
10 5 (1.30%) Dynamics 365
11 4 (1.04%) IaaS
12 3 (0.78%) Amazon EMR
12 3 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
13 2 (0.52%) Google App Engine
13 2 (0.52%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 22 (5.73%) HTTP
2 9 (2.34%) Internet
3 6 (1.56%) Firewall
4 5 (1.30%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.78%) DNS
5 3 (0.78%) Kerberos
6 2 (0.52%) DHCP
6 2 (0.52%) FTP
6 2 (0.52%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.52%) IPsec
7 1 (0.26%) AMQP
7 1 (0.26%) OpenLDAP
7 1 (0.26%) SMTP
7 1 (0.26%) SSH
7 1 (0.26%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (17.19%) NoSQL
2 49 (12.76%) PostgreSQL
3 42 (10.94%) MySQL
4 36 (9.38%) SQL Server
5 21 (5.47%) Big Data
5 21 (5.47%) MongoDB
5 21 (5.47%) Relational Database
6 14 (3.65%) Hadoop
7 11 (2.86%) Apache Hive
8 9 (2.34%) Apache Cassandra
8 9 (2.34%) Impala
8 9 (2.34%) RDBMS
8 9 (2.34%) Sqoop
9 6 (1.56%) Amazon Redshift
9 6 (1.56%) Blockchain
9 6 (1.56%) Redis
10 5 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 5 (1.30%) BigQuery
10 5 (1.30%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (1.04%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 125 (32.55%) Jenkins
2 78 (20.31%) Git (software)
3 48 (12.50%) Selenium
4 40 (10.42%) NUnit
5 38 (9.90%) Maven
6 35 (9.11%) JIRA
6 35 (9.11%) MSTest
7 29 (7.55%) Gradle
8 19 (4.95%) TeamCity
9 16 (4.17%) JUnit
10 15 (3.91%) Mockito
11 13 (3.39%) Cucumber
11 13 (3.39%) Team Foundation Server
12 12 (3.13%) Octopus Deploy
12 12 (3.13%) Subversion
12 12 (3.13%) webpack
13 10 (2.60%) gulp
14 9 (2.34%) Artifactory
14 9 (2.34%) JMeter
14 9 (2.34%) SonarQube
General
1 113 (29.43%) Finance
2 67 (17.45%) Banking
3 13 (3.39%) Financial Institution
4 11 (2.86%) Front Office
5 9 (2.34%) Retail
6 8 (2.08%) Investment Banking
6 8 (2.08%) Law
7 7 (1.82%) Legal
7 7 (1.82%) Pharmaceutical
8 6 (1.56%) Marketing
8 6 (1.56%) Retail Banking
9 2 (0.52%) Digital Economy
9 2 (0.52%) Games
9 2 (0.52%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.26%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 210 (54.69%) Developer
2 82 (21.35%) Java Developer
3 71 (18.49%) DevOps Engineer
4 52 (13.54%) Senior Developer
5 32 (8.33%) .NET Developer
6 30 (7.81%) Senior Java Developer
7 25 (6.51%) Java Engineer
8 21 (5.47%) Senior DevOps
8 21 (5.47%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 18 (4.69%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 17 (4.43%) AWS Developer
10 17 (4.43%) C# Developer
11 16 (4.17%) Architect
11 16 (4.17%) Digital Developer
12 15 (3.91%) Digital Transformation
12 15 (3.91%) UI Developer
13 14 (3.65%) React Developer
14 12 (3.13%) Python Developer
15 11 (2.86%) C# .NET Developer
15 11 (2.86%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (14.06%) HTML
2 52 (13.54%) .NET
3 50 (13.02%) CSS
4 48 (12.50%) Web Services
5 44 (11.46%) RESTful
5 44 (11.46%) Spring
6 39 (10.16%) Node.js
6 39 (10.16%) React
6 39 (10.16%) REST
7 36 (9.38%) HTML5
8 34 (8.85%) JSON
9 31 (8.07%) Redux
10 30 (7.81%) AngularJS
11 29 (7.55%) Spring Boot
12 24 (6.25%) .NET Framework
12 24 (6.25%) Sass
13 23 (5.99%) XML
14 17 (4.43%) ASP.NET Web API
15 15 (3.91%) Entity Framework
15 15 (3.91%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 34 (8.85%) Greenfield Project
2 18 (4.69%) Fintech
3 17 (4.43%) Hedge funds
3 17 (4.43%) iPad
4 15 (3.91%) Fixed Income
4 15 (3.91%) User Experience
5 14 (3.65%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (3.39%) Mobile App
6 13 (3.39%) Reinsurance
7 9 (2.34%) Algorithms
8 8 (2.08%) Blog
8 8 (2.08%) Self-Motivation
8 8 (2.08%) Wiki
9 7 (1.82%) Derivative
9 7 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
9 7 (1.82%) Public Cloud
10 6 (1.56%) Data Structures
11 5 (1.30%) Virtual Team
12 4 (1.04%) Analytical Mindset
12 4 (1.04%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 55 (14.32%) Linux
2 33 (8.59%) Unix
3 24 (6.25%) Windows
4 11 (2.86%) Android
4 11 (2.86%) Apple iOS
5 9 (2.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (1.56%) Windows Server
7 4 (1.04%) Mesosphere
7 4 (1.04%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.52%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.52%) Solaris
8 2 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
8 2 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.26%) Amazon Linux
9 1 (0.26%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 277 (72.14%) Agile Software Development
2 159 (41.41%) TDD
3 132 (34.38%) DevOps
4 101 (26.30%) Scrum
5 100 (26.04%) Test Automation
6 79 (20.57%) Continuous Delivery
7 70 (18.23%) Microservices
8 68 (17.71%) BDD
9 61 (15.89%) OO
10 52 (13.54%) Kanban
11 50 (13.02%) Open Source
12 46 (11.98%) Continuous Deployment
13 40 (10.42%) Configuration Management
13 40 (10.42%) Software Engineering
14 37 (9.64%) Migration
15 34 (8.85%) E-Commerce
15 34 (8.85%) SDLC
16 31 (8.07%) MVC
17 30 (7.81%) Pair Programming
18 27 (7.03%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 152 (39.58%) Java
2 93 (24.22%) JavaScript
2 93 (24.22%) Python
3 75 (19.53%) SQL
4 58 (15.10%) C#
5 38 (9.90%) Bash Shell
6 32 (8.33%) Ruby
7 30 (7.81%) Scala
8 20 (5.21%) Shell Script
9 19 (4.95%) Groovy
10 18 (4.69%) Java 8
11 17 (4.43%) VBA
12 16 (4.17%) PowerShell
13 15 (3.91%) PHP
14 14 (3.65%) T-SQL
14 14 (3.65%) TypeScript
15 13 (3.39%) C++
16 11 (2.86%) ES6
16 11 (2.86%) Go
17 10 (2.60%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 6 (1.56%) Degree
2 5 (1.30%) Security Cleared
3 4 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
3 4 (1.04%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.52%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.52%) ISTQB
4 2 (0.52%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
5 1 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.26%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.26%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.26%) OSCP
5 1 (0.26%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (9.11%) QA
2 2 (0.52%) GDPR
3 1 (0.26%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.26%) HIPAA
3 1 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (0.26%) Solvency II
System Software
1 103 (26.82%) Docker
2 10 (2.60%) HDFS
3 9 (2.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (2.08%) Active Directory
4 8 (2.08%) vSphere
5 3 (0.78%) OpenAM
5 3 (0.78%) Xen
6 1 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.26%) etcd
6 1 (0.26%) Varnish
6 1 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.26%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.26%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 79 (20.57%) Ansible
2 62 (16.15%) Puppet
3 55 (14.32%) Opscode Chef
4 53 (13.80%) Kubernetes
5 37 (9.64%) Terraform
6 12 (3.13%) Kibana
7 11 (2.86%) logstash
8 8 (2.08%) Hadoop YARN
9 7 (1.82%) Packer
10 6 (1.56%) Backup Exec
11 5 (1.30%) Consul
11 5 (1.30%) Mesos
12 4 (1.04%) Marathon
13 3 (0.78%) Grafana
13 3 (0.78%) ITRS Geneos
13 3 (0.78%) Nagios
13 3 (0.78%) Salt
14 2 (0.52%) Prometheus
14 2 (0.52%) Rancher
14 2 (0.52%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 57 (14.84%) Oracle
2 22 (5.73%) Google
3 20 (5.21%) Microsoft
4 16 (4.17%) VMware
5 9 (2.34%) Red Hat
5 9 (2.34%) Salesforce.com
6 8 (2.08%) Citrix
6 8 (2.08%) Cloudera
7 6 (1.56%) Escenic
7 6 (1.56%) HP
7 6 (1.56%) Veritas
8 5 (1.30%) Perfecto Mobile
9 4 (1.04%) Atlassian
9 4 (1.04%) Cadence
9 4 (1.04%) Splunk
10 3 (0.78%) AppDynamics
10 3 (0.78%) ForgeRock
10 3 (0.78%) New Relic
10 3 (0.78%) Rackspace
11 2 (0.52%) SaltStack