Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Continuous Integration skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Integration over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continuous Integration
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 45 42 36
Rank change year-on-year -3 -6 +23
Contract jobs citing Continuous Integration 362 338 374
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.16% 5.10% 5.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.92% 5.74% 6.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 302 269 317
City of London median daily rate £550 £513 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.32% - +7.89%
10th Percentile £413 £375 £379
90th Percentile £675 £625 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £32.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £32.00 - -

Continuous Integration is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,116 5,889 5,938
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.17% 88.89% 87.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,848 4,551 4,777
City of London median daily rate £509 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.75% +5.26% +5.21%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 106 55 43
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £20.54 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.96% +2.70% -4.76%
10th Percentile £13.28 £13.33 £11.25
90th Percentile £27.03 £31.20 £46.31
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -1.58% -5.00% -2.44%

Continuous Integration
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Continuous Integration as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Integration in the City of London

Continuous Integration
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Integration within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 23 £525 -
Moorgate - 2 - -
Continuous Integration
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Integration also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Continuous Integration.

1 253 (69.89%) Agile Software Development
2 146 (40.33%) DevOps
3 137 (37.85%) TDD
4 136 (37.57%) Jenkins
5 134 (37.02%) Amazon AWS
6 124 (34.25%) Java
7 111 (30.66%) Scrum
8 110 (30.39%) Docker
9 104 (28.73%) Python
10 95 (26.24%) Continuous Delivery
11 93 (25.69%) JavaScript
12 92 (25.41%) Git (software)
13 91 (25.14%) Test Automation
14 84 (23.20%) Finance
15 78 (21.55%) Linux
16 75 (20.72%) Microsoft Azure
17 74 (20.44%) Ansible
18 64 (17.68%) Kanban
19 63 (17.40%) Puppet
20 62 (17.13%) REST
20 62 (17.13%) Bash Shell
21 60 (16.57%) Kubernetes
22 59 (16.30%) BDD
23 54 (14.92%) Banking
24 53 (14.64%) Pair Programming
24 53 (14.64%) Web Services
25 52 (14.36%) SQL
25 52 (14.36%) Ruby
26 51 (14.09%) .NET
26 51 (14.09%) Configuration Management

Continuous Integration
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (7.46%) Apache
2 16 (4.42%) Elasticsearch
3 13 (3.59%) Apache Spark
4 12 (3.31%) Tomcat
5 11 (3.04%) Apache Airflow
6 9 (2.49%) Confluence
6 9 (2.49%) WebSphere
7 8 (2.21%) OpenStack
7 8 (2.21%) WebLogic
8 7 (1.93%) CMS
9 5 (1.38%) Cloud Foundry
9 5 (1.38%) Drupal
9 5 (1.38%) nginx
10 3 (0.83%) NServiceBus
11 2 (0.55%) GlassFish
11 2 (0.55%) Hubot
11 2 (0.55%) IIS
11 2 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
12 1 (0.28%) Anypoint
12 1 (0.28%) Jetty
Applications
1 19 (5.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (3.87%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.28%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 6 (1.66%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.83%) Dynamics AX
2 3 (0.83%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.28%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 134 (37.02%) Amazon AWS
2 75 (20.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 32 (8.84%) PaaS
4 28 (7.73%) Amazon EC2
5 27 (7.46%) Amazon S3
6 24 (6.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 22 (6.08%) Google Cloud Platform
8 17 (4.70%) AWS CloudFormation
9 16 (4.42%) GitHub
9 16 (4.42%) Serverless
10 13 (3.59%) AWS Lambda
11 12 (3.31%) IaaS
11 12 (3.31%) SaaS
12 11 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
13 10 (2.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 10 (2.76%) npm
13 10 (2.76%) Route 53
14 9 (2.49%) Amazon ELB
14 9 (2.49%) OpenShift
15 8 (2.21%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 18 (4.97%) HTTP
2 15 (4.14%) TCP/IP
3 8 (2.21%) Firewall
3 8 (2.21%) Internet
4 7 (1.93%) DNS
5 4 (1.10%) SSL
6 3 (0.83%) FTP
7 2 (0.55%) Software-Defined Networking
8 1 (0.28%) Calico
8 1 (0.28%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.28%) Intranet
8 1 (0.28%) OpenLDAP
8 1 (0.28%) SMTP
8 1 (0.28%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (12.43%) SQL Server
2 40 (11.05%) NoSQL
3 31 (8.56%) Big Data
4 25 (6.91%) PostgreSQL
5 20 (5.52%) Hadoop
5 20 (5.52%) Relational Database
6 17 (4.70%) Apache Hive
7 16 (4.42%) Apache Cassandra
8 15 (4.14%) Impala
9 14 (3.87%) MySQL
10 13 (3.59%) Sqoop
11 12 (3.31%) Amazon RDS
11 12 (3.31%) MongoDB
12 8 (2.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 6 (1.66%) Couchbase
13 6 (1.66%) Data Warehouse
13 6 (1.66%) HBase
14 5 (1.38%) Oracle Database
15 4 (1.10%) Amazon Redshift
15 4 (1.10%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 136 (37.57%) Jenkins
2 92 (25.41%) Git (software)
3 35 (9.67%) Selenium
4 33 (9.12%) JUnit
5 27 (7.46%) TeamCity
6 25 (6.91%) Gradle
6 25 (6.91%) Mockito
7 24 (6.63%) JIRA
8 17 (4.70%) Visual Studio
9 16 (4.42%) Maven
10 15 (4.14%) Cucumber
10 15 (4.14%) Octopus Deploy
10 15 (4.14%) Team Foundation Server
11 13 (3.59%) gulp
11 13 (3.59%) Sonatype Nexus
12 12 (3.31%) webpack
13 10 (2.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 10 (2.76%) NUnit
14 8 (2.21%) Grunt
14 8 (2.21%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 84 (23.20%) Finance
2 54 (14.92%) Banking
3 12 (3.31%) Financial Institution
4 11 (3.04%) Investment Banking
5 10 (2.76%) Front Office
5 10 (2.76%) Retail
6 8 (2.21%) Retail Banking
7 7 (1.93%) Law
8 6 (1.66%) Marketing
9 5 (1.38%) Back Office
9 5 (1.38%) Games
10 4 (1.10%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.55%) Digital Economy
12 1 (0.28%) Advertising
12 1 (0.28%) General Ledger
12 1 (0.28%) Publishing
12 1 (0.28%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 187 (51.66%) Developer
2 72 (19.89%) DevOps Engineer
3 71 (19.61%) Java Developer
4 48 (13.26%) Senior Developer
5 26 (7.18%) Senior DevOps
6 25 (6.91%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 24 (6.63%) Platform Engineer
8 22 (6.08%) .NET Developer
8 22 (6.08%) Senior Java Developer
9 20 (5.52%) Python Developer
10 16 (4.42%) React Developer
11 15 (4.14%) Architect
12 12 (3.31%) AWS Engineer
12 12 (3.31%) Azure DevOps
12 12 (3.31%) C# Developer
13 11 (3.04%) Automation Engineer
13 11 (3.04%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 11 (3.04%) Azure Engineer
13 11 (3.04%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 10 (2.76%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 62 (17.13%) REST
2 53 (14.64%) Web Services
3 51 (14.09%) .NET
4 49 (13.54%) HTML
5 48 (13.26%) Spring
6 45 (12.43%) RESTful
7 41 (11.33%) CSS
8 38 (10.50%) Node.js
8 38 (10.50%) React
9 33 (9.12%) JSON
10 31 (8.56%) HTML5
11 29 (8.01%) AngularJS
12 24 (6.63%) XML
13 23 (6.35%) ASP.NET
13 23 (6.35%) ASP.NET Web API
14 20 (5.52%) .NET Framework
15 19 (5.25%) Dropwizard
16 18 (4.97%) Sass
17 17 (4.70%) SOAP
18 16 (4.42%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 31 (8.56%) Greenfield Project
2 21 (5.80%) Mobile App
3 19 (5.25%) User Experience
4 17 (4.70%) Fintech
5 16 (4.42%) Fixed Income
6 13 (3.59%) Wiki
7 11 (3.04%) Virtual Team
8 8 (2.21%) Analytical Skills
8 8 (2.21%) Enterprise Software
8 8 (2.21%) Hedge funds
9 7 (1.93%) Algorithms
9 7 (1.93%) Derivative
9 7 (1.93%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 7 (1.93%) Linux Command Line
9 7 (1.93%) Reinsurance
10 6 (1.66%) iPad
11 5 (1.38%) Computer Science
11 5 (1.38%) Data Structures
11 5 (1.38%) Equities
12 4 (1.10%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 78 (21.55%) Linux
2 44 (12.15%) Windows
3 39 (10.77%) Unix
4 14 (3.87%) Windows Server
5 11 (3.04%) Ubuntu
6 10 (2.76%) Apple iOS
7 9 (2.49%) Android
8 6 (1.66%) CentOS
8 6 (1.66%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.83%) CoreOS
9 3 (0.83%) Oracle Linux
10 2 (0.55%) DC/OS
10 2 (0.55%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 2 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.28%) Debian
11 1 (0.28%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.28%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 253 (69.89%) Agile Software Development
2 146 (40.33%) DevOps
3 137 (37.85%) TDD
4 111 (30.66%) Scrum
5 95 (26.24%) Continuous Delivery
6 91 (25.14%) Test Automation
7 64 (17.68%) Kanban
8 59 (16.30%) BDD
9 53 (14.64%) Pair Programming
10 51 (14.09%) Configuration Management
10 51 (14.09%) Microservices
11 48 (13.26%) Software Engineering
12 36 (9.94%) Open Source
13 33 (9.12%) Unit Testing
14 30 (8.29%) SDLC
15 29 (8.01%) MVC
16 28 (7.73%) Continuous Deployment
17 27 (7.46%) Deployment Automation
18 25 (6.91%) Front End Development
19 24 (6.63%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 124 (34.25%) Java
2 104 (28.73%) Python
3 93 (25.69%) JavaScript
4 62 (17.13%) Bash Shell
5 52 (14.36%) Ruby
5 52 (14.36%) SQL
6 49 (13.54%) C#
7 37 (10.22%) Java 8
8 31 (8.56%) Shell Script
9 28 (7.73%) PowerShell
10 27 (7.46%) Groovy
11 26 (7.18%) Scala
12 13 (3.59%) Go
12 13 (3.59%) Korn
12 13 (3.59%) TypeScript
13 12 (3.31%) ES6
14 10 (2.76%) PHP
15 9 (2.49%) C++
15 9 (2.49%) T-SQL
16 8 (2.21%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 10 (2.76%) Degree
2 9 (2.49%) Security Cleared
3 5 (1.38%) SC Cleared
4 3 (0.83%) DV Cleared
5 2 (0.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.55%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.55%) OCPJP
5 2 (0.55%) Sun Certification
6 1 (0.28%) ISEB
6 1 (0.28%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (5.25%) QA
2 7 (1.93%) GCP
3 4 (1.10%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.55%) GDPR
4 2 (0.55%) SLA
5 1 (0.28%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.28%) EMIR
5 1 (0.28%) MiFID
System Software
1 110 (30.39%) Docker
2 14 (3.87%) HDFS
3 12 (3.31%) Active Directory
4 6 (1.66%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (1.10%) vSphere
6 3 (0.83%) OpenAM
6 3 (0.83%) VirtualBox
7 2 (0.55%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.55%) Xen
8 1 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.28%) etcd
8 1 (0.28%) Varnish
8 1 (0.28%) vCloud
8 1 (0.28%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 74 (20.44%) Ansible
2 63 (17.40%) Puppet
3 60 (16.57%) Kubernetes
4 46 (12.71%) Terraform
5 44 (12.15%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (3.87%) Prometheus
7 13 (3.59%) Hadoop YARN
8 10 (2.76%) Grafana
9 9 (2.49%) Docker Swarm
9 9 (2.49%) Kibana
10 8 (2.21%) Sysdig
11 7 (1.93%) Packer
12 6 (1.66%) logstash
13 5 (1.38%) Rancher
14 4 (1.10%) Consul
14 4 (1.10%) Control-M
14 4 (1.10%) Salt
15 3 (0.83%) Graphite
15 3 (0.83%) Mesos
15 3 (0.83%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 37 (10.22%) Oracle
2 33 (9.12%) Microsoft
3 19 (5.25%) Google
4 17 (4.70%) Cloudera
4 17 (4.70%) Splunk
5 9 (2.49%) AppDynamics
6 7 (1.93%) Atlassian
6 7 (1.93%) Progress
6 7 (1.93%) VMware
7 6 (1.66%) ION Trading
8 4 (1.10%) Hortonworks
8 4 (1.10%) IBM
8 4 (1.10%) Salesforce.com
8 4 (1.10%) SaltStack
9 3 (0.83%) Dynatrace
9 3 (0.83%) Escenic
9 3 (0.83%) ForgeRock
9 3 (0.83%) New Relic
9 3 (0.83%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.83%) TOWER Software