Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Functional Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Functional Testing over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Functional Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 187 205 201
Rank change year-on-year +18 -4 -11
Contract jobs citing Functional Testing 70 39 70
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 0.98% 0.58% 0.78%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.11% 0.67% 0.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 48 30 41
City of London median daily rate £450 £431 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.35% -6.76% +2.78%
10th Percentile £261 £263 £253
90th Percentile £625 £617 £650
Central London median daily rate £446 £419 £401
% change year-on-year +6.51% +4.56% -11.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £65.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £65.00 - -

Functional Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6324 5855 7542
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.35% 87.43% 83.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 5023 4676 5997
City of London median daily rate £513 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £326 £313 £288
90th Percentile £688 £674 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £460
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.79%
Number of hourly rates quoted 59 54 72
City of London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%
10th Percentile £13.34 £13.58 £10.84
90th Percentile £30.90 £53.54 £46.05
Central London median hourly rate £20.25 £19.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +6.58% -7.32% +13.92%

Functional Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Functional Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Functional Testing in the City of London

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Functional Testing in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Functional Testing in the City of London

Functional Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Functional Testing in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Functional Testing in the City of London

Functional Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Functional Testing in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Functional Testing in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Functional Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Functional Testing.

1 41 (58.57%) Agile Software Development
2 29 (41.43%) Finance
3 27 (38.57%) Test Automation
3 27 (38.57%) Cucumber
4 25 (35.71%) TDD
5 22 (31.43%) Banking
5 22 (31.43%) Java
5 22 (31.43%) BDD
6 18 (25.71%) User Acceptance Testing
7 17 (24.29%) SQL
7 17 (24.29%) Mobile App
8 16 (22.86%) Scrum
9 15 (21.43%) JavaScript
10 14 (20.00%) JIRA
10 14 (20.00%) Non-Functional Testing
10 14 (20.00%) Analytical Skills
11 13 (18.57%) RESTful
12 12 (17.14%) HTML
12 12 (17.14%) Linux
12 12 (17.14%) Maven
12 12 (17.14%) Gradle
12 12 (17.14%) Appium
13 11 (15.71%) User Experience
13 11 (15.71%) Web Services
13 11 (15.71%) Kafka
13 11 (15.71%) Performance Testing
13 11 (15.71%) Selenium
13 11 (15.71%) Test Scripting
14 10 (14.29%) Gherkin
14 10 (14.29%) Validation

Functional Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (11.43%) Confluence
2 6 (8.57%) Apache
3 5 (7.14%) Elasticsearch
4 3 (4.29%) Tomcat
5 1 (1.43%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 7 (10.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (5.71%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (5.71%) MS Visio
3 3 (4.29%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (2.86%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (2.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (1.43%) Actimize
2 1 (1.43%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (1.43%) Minerva
2 1 (1.43%) PeopleSoft CRM
Cloud Services
1 6 (8.57%) Amazon AWS
2 5 (7.14%) Google Play
3 2 (2.86%) BlazeMeter
3 2 (2.86%) BrowserStack
4 1 (1.43%) Amazon EC2
4 1 (1.43%) Amazon S3
4 1 (1.43%) GitHub
4 1 (1.43%) Heroku
4 1 (1.43%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 3 (4.29%) HTTP
1 3 (4.29%) TCP/IP
2 2 (2.86%) SMS
3 1 (1.43%) PBX
3 1 (1.43%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (8.57%) MySQL
1 6 (8.57%) PostgreSQL
2 5 (7.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 5 (7.14%) Apache Cassandra
2 5 (7.14%) MongoDB
2 5 (7.14%) Neo4j
2 5 (7.14%) NoSQL
2 5 (7.14%) Redis
3 4 (5.71%) Big Data
4 3 (4.29%) MariaDB
4 3 (4.29%) Relational Database
5 2 (2.86%) SQL Server
6 1 (1.43%) Data Warehouse
6 1 (1.43%) RDBMS
6 1 (1.43%) SQL Server 2008
6 1 (1.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 27 (38.57%) Cucumber
2 14 (20.00%) JIRA
3 12 (17.14%) Appium
3 12 (17.14%) Gradle
3 12 (17.14%) Maven
4 11 (15.71%) Selenium
5 9 (12.86%) TeamCity
6 8 (11.43%) LoadRunner
7 7 (10.00%) Git (software)
7 7 (10.00%) Jenkins
8 6 (8.57%) JMeter
8 6 (8.57%) WebDriver
9 5 (7.14%) Calabash
9 5 (7.14%) SonarQube
10 4 (5.71%) Xcode
11 3 (4.29%) SpecFlow
12 2 (2.86%) Capybara
12 2 (2.86%) HP UFT
12 2 (2.86%) RubyGems
12 2 (2.86%) SoapUI
General
1 29 (41.43%) Finance
2 22 (31.43%) Banking
3 6 (8.57%) Front Office
3 6 (8.57%) Publishing
4 4 (5.71%) Retail
4 4 (5.71%) Retail Banking
5 3 (4.29%) Investment Banking
6 2 (2.86%) Advertising
7 1 (1.43%) Back Office
7 1 (1.43%) Marketing
7 1 (1.43%) Multimedia
7 1 (1.43%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 29 (41.43%) Developer
2 25 (35.71%) Analyst
3 15 (21.43%) Java Developer
4 11 (15.71%) Test Analyst
5 8 (11.43%) Tester
6 7 (10.00%) Senior Developer
7 6 (8.57%) Senior Java Developer
8 5 (7.14%) Data Analyst
9 4 (5.71%) Automation Analyst
9 4 (5.71%) Developer in Test
9 4 (5.71%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 4 (5.71%) Front Office Developer
10 3 (4.29%) Automation Tester
10 3 (4.29%) Business Analyst
10 3 (4.29%) Node.js Developer
11 2 (2.86%) Business Data Analyst
11 2 (2.86%) Data Business Analyst
11 2 (2.86%) Senior Analyst
11 2 (2.86%) Service Analyst
11 2 (2.86%) UI Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (18.57%) RESTful
2 12 (17.14%) HTML
3 11 (15.71%) Kafka
3 11 (15.71%) Web Services
4 10 (14.29%) Gherkin
4 10 (14.29%) React
5 8 (11.43%) JSON
5 8 (11.43%) Spring
6 7 (10.00%) CSS
6 7 (10.00%) Redux
6 7 (10.00%) XML
7 6 (8.57%) Sass
8 5 (7.14%) AngularJS
8 5 (7.14%) HTML5
8 5 (7.14%) iOS SDK
8 5 (7.14%) jQuery
8 5 (7.14%) Node.js
8 5 (7.14%) Regular Expression
8 5 (7.14%) Semantic HTML
8 5 (7.14%) Spring Security
Miscellaneous
1 17 (24.29%) Mobile App
2 14 (20.00%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (15.71%) User Experience
4 9 (12.86%) Equities
5 8 (11.43%) Fintech
6 4 (5.71%) Mobile Banking
6 4 (5.71%) PDA
7 2 (2.86%) Data Structures
8 1 (1.43%) Credit Derivative
8 1 (1.43%) Cyber Attack
8 1 (1.43%) Derivative
8 1 (1.43%) EPoS
8 1 (1.43%) Equity Risk
8 1 (1.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 1 (1.43%) Interest Rate Derivative
8 1 (1.43%) Management Information System
8 1 (1.43%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 12 (17.14%) Linux
2 8 (11.43%) Android
2 8 (11.43%) Apple iOS
3 7 (10.00%) Windows
3 7 (10.00%) Windows Server
4 5 (7.14%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 41 (58.57%) Agile Software Development
2 27 (38.57%) Test Automation
3 25 (35.71%) TDD
4 22 (31.43%) BDD
5 18 (25.71%) User Acceptance Testing
6 16 (22.86%) Scrum
7 14 (20.00%) Non-Functional Testing
8 11 (15.71%) Performance Testing
8 11 (15.71%) Test Scripting
9 10 (14.29%) Validation
10 9 (12.86%) Data Modelling
11 8 (11.43%) Software Engineering
12 7 (10.00%) Data Validation
12 7 (10.00%) Migration
12 7 (10.00%) Multithreading
12 7 (10.00%) Scenario Testing
12 7 (10.00%) Software Testing
12 7 (10.00%) Statistical Analysis
13 6 (8.57%) Continuous Integration
13 6 (8.57%) System Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 22 (31.43%) Java
2 17 (24.29%) SQL
3 15 (21.43%) JavaScript
4 6 (8.57%) ES6
4 6 (8.57%) Ruby
5 5 (7.14%) GraphQL
5 5 (7.14%) Objective-C
6 4 (5.71%) Apple Swift
6 4 (5.71%) C#
7 3 (4.29%) Python
8 2 (2.86%) Groovy
8 2 (2.86%) TypeScript
9 1 (1.43%) PHP
9 1 (1.43%) PL/SQL
9 1 (1.43%) T-SQL
9 1 (1.43%) VBA
Qualifications
1 6 (8.57%) ISEB
2 3 (4.29%) ISTQB
2 3 (4.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
3 2 (2.86%) DV Cleared
3 2 (2.86%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (11.43%) QA
2 3 (4.29%) MiFID
3 1 (1.43%) Data Quality
3 1 (1.43%) ISO 20022
3 1 (1.43%) ISO 8583
3 1 (1.43%) PMO
System Software
1 8 (11.43%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (2.86%) HP Quality Center
2 1 (1.43%) Business Desktop Deployment
2 1 (1.43%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 9 (12.86%) HP
2 6 (8.57%) IBM
3 5 (7.14%) Apple
3 5 (7.14%) Google
4 4 (5.71%) Microsoft
5 3 (4.29%) Oracle
5 3 (4.29%) SAP
6 1 (1.43%) Alcatel-Lucent
6 1 (1.43%) Atlassian
6 1 (1.43%) CheckPoint
6 1 (1.43%) CyberArk
6 1 (1.43%) Fidessa
6 1 (1.43%) Informatica
6 1 (1.43%) PeopleSoft
6 1 (1.43%) Perforce
6 1 (1.43%) Salesforce.com