Period
to 20 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 20 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 137 201 211
Rank change year-on-year +64 +10 +13
Contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 107 53 13
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.58% 0.75% 0.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.79% 0.84% 0.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 89 34 10
City of London median daily rate £600 £550 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +29.41% -45.16%
10th Percentile £425 £419 £279
90th Percentile £713 £738 £626
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £475
% change year-on-year +9.52% +10.53% -38.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £19.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £19.00 - -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,989 6,337 5,290
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.67% 89.14% 88.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,631 5,033 4,143
City of London median daily rate £525 £513 £495
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +3.54% +4.21%
10th Percentile £320 £331 £313
90th Percentile £675 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 81 49
City of London median hourly rate £22.25 £21.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.95% +10.53% -11.10%
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.81 £13.50
90th Percentile £42.13 £42.00 £49.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £21.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year - +13.16% -10.97%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the City of London

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the City of London

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the City of London

For the 6 months to 20 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 55 (51.40%) Machine Learning
2 45 (42.06%) Python
3 33 (30.84%) DevOps
4 32 (29.91%) Agile Software Development
5 30 (28.04%) Finance
6 29 (27.10%) Kafka
7 26 (24.30%) Data Science
8 25 (23.36%) Big Data
9 23 (21.50%) Docker
10 21 (19.63%) MongoDB
10 21 (19.63%) Scala
11 20 (18.69%) SQL
12 19 (17.76%) Microsoft Azure
12 19 (17.76%) Kubernetes
13 18 (16.82%) Apache Spark
13 18 (16.82%) Blockchain
13 18 (16.82%) Amazon AWS
13 18 (16.82%) Banking
14 17 (15.89%) Analytics
15 16 (14.95%) Distributed Ledger
15 16 (14.95%) Systems Engineering
16 13 (12.15%) Java
16 13 (12.15%) Microsoft
16 13 (12.15%) Algorithms
17 12 (11.21%) Computer Science
17 12 (11.21%) JavaScript
18 11 (10.28%) Natural Language Processing
18 11 (10.28%) React
19 10 (9.35%) Mathematics
19 10 (9.35%) Degree

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (16.82%) Apache Spark
2 4 (3.74%) Jupyter
3 3 (2.80%) SharePoint
4 2 (1.87%) Apache Airflow
5 1 (0.93%) CMS
5 1 (0.93%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.93%) SAS
5 1 (0.93%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 5 (4.67%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.93%) InfoPath
2 1 (0.93%) InVision
2 1 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 16 (14.95%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.93%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.93%) Oracle General Ledger
2 1 (0.93%) Oracle Internet Expenses
2 1 (0.93%) Oracle iProcurement
2 1 (0.93%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 1 (0.93%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 19 (17.76%) Microsoft Azure
2 18 (16.82%) Amazon AWS
3 4 (3.74%) Google Cloud Platform
4 3 (2.80%) AWS CodePipeline
4 3 (2.80%) Office 365
5 2 (1.87%) Datadog
5 2 (1.87%) Yammer
6 1 (0.93%) Amazon EC2
6 1 (0.93%) Amazon ElastiCache
6 1 (0.93%) AWS CloudFormation
6 1 (0.93%) Firebase
6 1 (0.93%) GitHub
6 1 (0.93%) PaaS
6 1 (0.93%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.87%) HTTP
2 1 (0.93%) BGP
2 1 (0.93%) Cisco Nexus
2 1 (0.93%) EIGRP
2 1 (0.93%) Firewall
2 1 (0.93%) Intranet
2 1 (0.93%) OSPF
2 1 (0.93%) VLAN
2 1 (0.93%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (23.36%) Big Data
2 21 (19.63%) MongoDB
3 18 (16.82%) Blockchain
4 10 (9.35%) Hadoop
5 8 (7.48%) NoSQL
6 5 (4.67%) Data Mining
7 3 (2.80%) Cloudant
7 3 (2.80%) Data Lake
7 3 (2.80%) Redis
8 2 (1.87%) BigQuery
8 2 (1.87%) SQL Server
9 1 (0.93%) Apache Cassandra
9 1 (0.93%) Azure SQL Database
9 1 (0.93%) Data Warehouse
9 1 (0.93%) DB2
9 1 (0.93%) HBase
9 1 (0.93%) OLAP
9 1 (0.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 1 (0.93%) SQLPlus
Development Applications
1 5 (4.67%) Git (software)
1 5 (4.67%) Jasmine
2 4 (3.74%) Selenium
3 3 (2.80%) Jenkins
3 3 (2.80%) JSUnit
3 3 (2.80%) Mocha
4 2 (1.87%) Grunt
4 2 (1.87%) gulp
4 2 (1.87%) Maven
4 2 (1.87%) Team Foundation Server
4 2 (1.87%) Visual Studio
4 2 (1.87%) webpack
5 1 (0.93%) Hudson
5 1 (0.93%) JUnit
5 1 (0.93%) Karma Test Runner
5 1 (0.93%) Mockito
5 1 (0.93%) SonarQube
5 1 (0.93%) Sonatype Nexus
5 1 (0.93%) Visual Studio Team System
5 1 (0.93%) Wercker
General
1 30 (28.04%) Finance
2 18 (16.82%) Banking
3 9 (8.41%) Front Office
4 6 (5.61%) Investment Banking
5 3 (2.80%) Law
5 3 (2.80%) Legal
5 3 (2.80%) Retail
6 2 (1.87%) Games
7 1 (0.93%) General Ledger
7 1 (0.93%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 26 (24.30%) Developer
2 15 (14.02%) Blockchain Engineer
2 15 (14.02%) Senior Systems Engineer
3 13 (12.15%) Data Scientist
4 12 (11.21%) Data Engineer
5 11 (10.28%) Architect
6 9 (8.41%) Python Developer
7 7 (6.54%) Machine Learning Developer
8 6 (5.61%) Solutions Architect
9 5 (4.67%) React Developer
10 4 (3.74%) Azure Engineer
10 4 (3.74%) DevOps Engineer
10 4 (3.74%) Java Developer
10 4 (3.74%) JavaScript Developer
10 4 (3.74%) Senior Developer
11 3 (2.80%) Data Science Engineer
11 3 (2.80%) QA Engineer
11 3 (2.80%) Senior Architect
11 3 (2.80%) Senior Java Developer
11 3 (2.80%) Senior Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (27.10%) Kafka
2 11 (10.28%) Natural Language Processing
2 11 (10.28%) React
3 8 (7.48%) TensorFlow
4 7 (6.54%) Redux
5 6 (5.61%) CSS
5 6 (5.61%) Flask
5 6 (5.61%) HTML
6 5 (4.67%) .NET
6 5 (4.67%) Akka
6 5 (4.67%) Jest
6 5 (4.67%) Node.js
7 4 (3.74%) Anaconda
7 4 (3.74%) CSS3
7 4 (3.74%) GraphQL
7 4 (3.74%) HTML5
7 4 (3.74%) NumPy
7 4 (3.74%) scikit-learn
8 3 (2.80%) REST
8 3 (2.80%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 13 (12.15%) Algorithms
2 8 (7.48%) Analytical Skills
2 8 (7.48%) Fintech
3 6 (5.61%) Robotics
4 5 (4.67%) Greenfield Project
4 5 (4.67%) User Experience
5 3 (2.80%) Data Structures
5 3 (2.80%) NHS
6 2 (1.87%) CMDB
6 2 (1.87%) Mobile App
6 2 (1.87%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (0.93%) Blog
7 1 (0.93%) Derivative
7 1 (0.93%) Equities
7 1 (0.93%) Mainframe
7 1 (0.93%) Public Cloud
7 1 (0.93%) Semantic Web
7 1 (0.93%) Tandem
7 1 (0.93%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 3 (2.80%) Linux
2 1 (0.93%) Android
2 1 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 55 (51.40%) Machine Learning
2 33 (30.84%) DevOps
3 32 (29.91%) Agile Software Development
4 26 (24.30%) Data Science
5 17 (15.89%) Analytics
6 16 (14.95%) Systems Engineering
7 12 (11.21%) Computer Science
8 10 (9.35%) Mathematics
9 9 (8.41%) Conversational UI
9 9 (8.41%) Microservices
10 8 (7.48%) Data Modelling
10 8 (7.48%) Open Source
10 8 (7.48%) TDD
11 7 (6.54%) Data Analysis
11 7 (6.54%) Data Management
11 7 (6.54%) Problem-Solving
11 7 (6.54%) Scrum
11 7 (6.54%) Statistics
12 6 (5.61%) Business Intelligence
12 6 (5.61%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 45 (42.06%) Python
2 21 (19.63%) Scala
3 20 (18.69%) SQL
4 13 (12.15%) Java
5 12 (11.21%) JavaScript
6 9 (8.41%) R
7 4 (3.74%) C#
7 4 (3.74%) C++
7 4 (3.74%) ES6
7 4 (3.74%) Java 8
8 2 (1.87%) C
9 1 (0.93%) Bash Shell
9 1 (0.93%) ES7
9 1 (0.93%) Perl
9 1 (0.93%) PowerShell
9 1 (0.93%) Shell Script
9 1 (0.93%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 10 (9.35%) Degree
2 4 (3.74%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (2.80%) Numerate Degree
4 2 (1.87%) PhD
5 1 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.93%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.93%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (3.74%) Data Quality
2 3 (2.80%) QA
3 1 (0.93%) GDPR
System Software
1 23 (21.50%) Docker
2 2 (1.87%) Active Directory
2 2 (1.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (1.87%) etcd
3 1 (0.93%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 19 (17.76%) Kubernetes
2 3 (2.80%) Ansible
2 3 (2.80%) Terraform
3 2 (1.87%) Consul
3 2 (1.87%) Kibana
4 1 (0.93%) Cacti
4 1 (0.93%) EMC NetWorker
Vendors
1 13 (12.15%) Microsoft
2 5 (4.67%) Google
2 5 (4.67%) Tableau
3 3 (2.80%) IBM
3 3 (2.80%) MapR
4 2 (1.87%) Dataiku
4 2 (1.87%) New Relic
4 2 (1.87%) Oracle
4 2 (1.87%) ServiceNow
4 2 (1.87%) Splunk
5 1 (0.93%) CheckPoint
5 1 (0.93%) Cisco
5 1 (0.93%) Fortinet
5 1 (0.93%) Informatica
5 1 (0.93%) NetScout
5 1 (0.93%) SAP
5 1 (0.93%) SolarWinds
5 1 (0.93%) Sybase
5 1 (0.93%) TIBCO
5 1 (0.93%) Tufin