Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Artificial Intelligence over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 150 218 222
Rank change year-on-year +68 +4 -
Contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence 112 40 15
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.57% 0.56% 0.23%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.80% 0.62% 0.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 94 33 15
City of London median daily rate £614 £600 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +33.33% -
10th Percentile £425 £463 £343
90th Percentile £764 £738 £710
Central London median daily rate £600 £550 £450
% change year-on-year +9.09% +22.22% +16.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £19.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £19.00 - -

Artificial Intelligence is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,234 6,439 5,774
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.34% 89.59% 88.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,925 5,134 4,577
City of London median daily rate £510 £505 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.99% +6.32% -
10th Percentile £325 £325 £319
90th Percentile £675 £688 £672
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 88 59 53
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -6.50% -
10th Percentile £13.22 £13.00 £13.75
90th Percentile £33.60 £31.10 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £19.00 £20.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -5.00%

Artificial Intelligence
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Artificial Intelligence as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Artificial Intelligence in the City of London

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Artificial Intelligence in the City of London

Artificial Intelligence
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Artificial Intelligence in the City of London over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Artificial Intelligence in the City of London

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Artificial Intelligence also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Artificial Intelligence.

1 64 (57.14%) Python
2 48 (42.86%) Machine Learning
3 40 (35.71%) Data Science
4 37 (33.04%) Agile Software Development
5 32 (28.57%) Finance
6 26 (23.21%) DevOps
7 25 (22.32%) Kafka
8 24 (21.43%) Algorithms
9 22 (19.64%) Apache Spark
9 22 (19.64%) Blockchain
10 21 (18.75%) Big Data
10 21 (18.75%) Docker
11 20 (17.86%) Java
12 19 (16.96%) Kubernetes
13 18 (16.07%) Banking
14 16 (14.29%) Conversational UI
15 15 (13.39%) Scala
15 15 (13.39%) Amazon AWS
15 15 (13.39%) Open Source
15 15 (13.39%) MongoDB
16 14 (12.50%) Hadoop
17 13 (11.61%) Distributed Ledger
17 13 (11.61%) Systems Engineering
17 13 (11.61%) Analytics
18 12 (10.71%) Scrum
19 11 (9.82%) Degree
19 11 (9.82%) C
19 11 (9.82%) Data Mining
19 11 (9.82%) Computer Science
19 11 (9.82%) Analytical Skills

Artificial Intelligence
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (19.64%) Apache Spark
2 3 (2.68%) Cloud Foundry
2 3 (2.68%) Jupyter
3 1 (0.89%) Apache Airflow
3 1 (0.89%) SAS
3 1 (0.89%) SharePoint
3 1 (0.89%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 8 (7.14%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.89%) InfoPath
2 1 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 13 (11.61%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.89%) Dynamics NAV
2 1 (0.89%) Oracle EBS R12
2 1 (0.89%) SAP MDG
Cloud Services
1 15 (13.39%) Amazon AWS
2 10 (8.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 5 (4.46%) Google Cloud Platform
4 1 (0.89%) Amazon EC2
4 1 (0.89%) Amazon ElastiCache
4 1 (0.89%) AWS CodePipeline
4 1 (0.89%) Google Play
4 1 (0.89%) Office 365
4 1 (0.89%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 1 (0.89%) HTTP
1 1 (0.89%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (19.64%) Blockchain
2 21 (18.75%) Big Data
3 15 (13.39%) MongoDB
4 14 (12.50%) Hadoop
5 11 (9.82%) Data Mining
6 6 (5.36%) NoSQL
7 4 (3.57%) Apache Hive
8 3 (2.68%) Apache Cassandra
8 3 (2.68%) DB2
8 3 (2.68%) HBase
8 3 (2.68%) KDB
8 3 (2.68%) Kdb+
8 3 (2.68%) PostgreSQL
8 3 (2.68%) Redis
9 1 (0.89%) Impala
9 1 (0.89%) OLAP
9 1 (0.89%) Power BI
9 1 (0.89%) Relational Database
9 1 (0.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 8 (7.14%) Jenkins
2 7 (6.25%) Git (software)
2 7 (6.25%) Maven
3 4 (3.57%) Gradle
4 3 (2.68%) JUnit
4 3 (2.68%) Robot Framework
4 3 (2.68%) Selenium
4 3 (2.68%) TestNG
4 3 (2.68%) Vagrant
5 2 (1.79%) GitLab
5 2 (1.79%) Jasmine
5 2 (1.79%) Travis CI
6 1 (0.89%) JIRA
6 1 (0.89%) JSUnit
6 1 (0.89%) Karma Test Runner
6 1 (0.89%) Mocha
6 1 (0.89%) Visual Studio Team System
6 1 (0.89%) webpack
General
1 32 (28.57%) Finance
2 18 (16.07%) Banking
3 8 (7.14%) Front Office
4 7 (6.25%) Investment Banking
5 5 (4.46%) Law
6 3 (2.68%) Games
6 3 (2.68%) Legal
7 2 (1.79%) Retail
8 1 (0.89%) Electronics
8 1 (0.89%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 39 (34.82%) Developer
2 25 (22.32%) Python Developer
3 14 (12.50%) Data Engineer
4 13 (11.61%) Architect
4 13 (11.61%) Blockchain Engineer
5 11 (9.82%) Data Scientist
6 10 (8.93%) Python Engineer
6 10 (8.93%) Senior Systems Engineer
7 7 (6.25%) Java Developer
7 7 (6.25%) Machine Learning Developer
7 7 (6.25%) Security Architect
8 6 (5.36%) Senior Developer
9 4 (3.57%) Analyst
9 4 (3.57%) Artificial Intelligence Developer
9 4 (3.57%) DevOps Engineer
10 3 (2.68%) KDB Developer
10 3 (2.68%) Project Manager
10 3 (2.68%) Scrum Master
10 3 (2.68%) Senior Architect
10 3 (2.68%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (22.32%) Kafka
2 9 (8.04%) TensorFlow
3 7 (6.25%) Natural Language Processing
4 6 (5.36%) CSS
4 6 (5.36%) HTML
5 5 (4.46%) CSS3
5 5 (4.46%) HTML5
5 5 (4.46%) NumPy
5 5 (4.46%) REST
5 5 (4.46%) Smart Contracts
5 5 (4.46%) Spring
6 4 (3.57%) RESTful
6 4 (3.57%) Spring Boot
7 3 (2.68%) Akka
7 3 (2.68%) Django
7 3 (2.68%) Flask
7 3 (2.68%) SciPy
7 3 (2.68%) Ultra Messaging
7 3 (2.68%) Velocity
7 3 (2.68%) ZeroMQ
Miscellaneous
1 24 (21.43%) Algorithms
2 11 (9.82%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (7.14%) NHS
3 8 (7.14%) Robotics
4 7 (6.25%) Digital Currency
5 4 (3.57%) Fintech
5 4 (3.57%) Greenfield Project
5 4 (3.57%) User Experience
6 3 (2.68%) Derivative
6 3 (2.68%) Equities
6 3 (2.68%) iPad
6 3 (2.68%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (0.89%) CCTV
7 1 (0.89%) Data Structures
7 1 (0.89%) Fixed Income
7 1 (0.89%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 7 (6.25%) Linux
2 3 (2.68%) VMS
3 2 (1.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 1 (0.89%) Android
4 1 (0.89%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 48 (42.86%) Machine Learning
2 40 (35.71%) Data Science
3 37 (33.04%) Agile Software Development
4 26 (23.21%) DevOps
5 16 (14.29%) Conversational UI
6 15 (13.39%) Open Source
7 13 (11.61%) Analytics
7 13 (11.61%) Systems Engineering
8 12 (10.71%) Scrum
9 11 (9.82%) Computer Science
10 10 (8.93%) Data Analysis
10 10 (8.93%) Microservices
10 10 (8.93%) Software Engineering
11 9 (8.04%) Cryptography
11 9 (8.04%) Problem-Solving
11 9 (8.04%) TDD
11 9 (8.04%) Test Automation
12 8 (7.14%) Visualisation
13 7 (6.25%) BDD
13 7 (6.25%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 64 (57.14%) Python
2 20 (17.86%) Java
3 15 (13.39%) Scala
4 11 (9.82%) C
5 10 (8.93%) C++
6 8 (7.14%) C#
6 8 (7.14%) Go
6 8 (7.14%) JavaScript
6 8 (7.14%) R
7 7 (6.25%) Java 8
8 6 (5.36%) SQL
9 2 (1.79%) Bash Shell
9 2 (1.79%) PHP
10 1 (0.89%) ES6
10 1 (0.89%) Kotlin
10 1 (0.89%) Perl
10 1 (0.89%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 11 (9.82%) Degree
2 5 (4.46%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (1.79%) Numerate Degree
4 1 (0.89%) OSCP
4 1 (0.89%) PhD
4 1 (0.89%) Six Sigma Black Belt
4 1 (0.89%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.68%) Disclosure Scotland
1 3 (2.68%) QA
2 1 (0.89%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.89%) Dodd-Frank
2 1 (0.89%) EMIR
2 1 (0.89%) FATCA
2 1 (0.89%) MiFID
System Software
1 21 (18.75%) Docker
2 1 (0.89%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 19 (16.96%) Kubernetes
2 5 (4.46%) Ansible
3 3 (2.68%) Opscode Chef
3 3 (2.68%) Puppet
4 2 (1.79%) Hadoop YARN
4 2 (1.79%) Oozie
4 2 (1.79%) Prometheus
5 1 (0.89%) Terraform
Vendors
1 7 (6.25%) Google
1 7 (6.25%) Microsoft
2 5 (4.46%) MapR
3 4 (3.57%) Oracle
4 3 (2.68%) IBM
4 3 (2.68%) Informatica
4 3 (2.68%) Sybase
4 3 (2.68%) TIBCO
5 2 (1.79%) Cloudera
5 2 (1.79%) Hortonworks
5 2 (1.79%) Splunk
5 2 (1.79%) Tableau
6 1 (0.89%) Facebook
6 1 (0.89%) Nintex
6 1 (0.89%) SAP