Period
to 22 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 102 100 112
Rank change year-on-year -2 +12 +5
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 174 164 150
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 2.51% 2.42% 2.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.91% 2.72% 2.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 133 126 134
City of London median daily rate £525 £475 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £408 £330 £341
90th Percentile £675 £638 £646
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,986 6,033 5,935
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 86.39% 88.96% 87.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,772 4,713 4,776
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £330 £325 £313
90th Percentile £681 £675 £658
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 101 56 51
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £19.35 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.36% -3.25% -4.76%
10th Percentile £13.00 £13.31 £11.25
90th Percentile £33.00 £31.13 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £20.00
% change year-on-year - -6.50% -

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the City of London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the City of London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the City of London

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the City of London

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 1 - -
Unit Testing
Central London

For the 6 months to 22 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 98 (56.32%) Agile Software Development
2 85 (48.85%) TDD
3 79 (45.40%) Finance
4 68 (39.08%) C#
5 66 (37.93%) .NET
6 65 (37.36%) SQL
7 56 (32.18%) SQL Server
8 55 (31.61%) JavaScript
9 52 (29.89%) Java
10 44 (25.29%) Test Automation
11 40 (22.99%) Git (software)
12 39 (22.41%) BDD
13 38 (21.84%) Scrum
14 36 (20.69%) Web Services
15 35 (20.11%) Microsoft
15 35 (20.11%) MVC
15 35 (20.11%) Continuous Integration
16 34 (19.54%) Multithreading
16 34 (19.54%) HTML
17 32 (18.39%) Jenkins
18 31 (17.82%) AngularJS
19 30 (17.24%) RESTful
20 29 (16.67%) Software Engineering
20 29 (16.67%) CSS
21 27 (15.52%) SDLC
22 26 (14.94%) Microsoft Azure
23 25 (14.37%) QA
24 24 (13.79%) T-SQL
25 23 (13.22%) Pair Programming
26 22 (12.64%) Web Development

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (8.62%) Elasticsearch
2 14 (8.05%) Apache
2 14 (8.05%) NServiceBus
3 11 (6.32%) CMS
4 6 (3.45%) Apache Spark
5 5 (2.87%) Confluence
6 4 (2.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 3 (1.72%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (1.15%) Apache Solr
8 2 (1.15%) Tomcat
8 2 (1.15%) WebLogic
9 1 (0.57%) Alfresco
9 1 (0.57%) Content Management Server
9 1 (0.57%) Umbraco
Applications
1 6 (3.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (2.30%) Acrobat
2 4 (2.30%) Photoshop
3 2 (1.15%) Microsoft Project
3 2 (1.15%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.57%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.57%) InVision
4 1 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.57%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 1 (0.57%) BusinessWorks
1 1 (0.57%) Kondor
1 1 (0.57%) Markit EDM
1 1 (0.57%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 26 (14.94%) Microsoft Azure
2 18 (10.34%) Amazon AWS
3 11 (6.32%) Cloud Computing
4 5 (2.87%) AWS Lambda
4 5 (2.87%) GitHub
4 5 (2.87%) Serverless
5 3 (1.72%) Amazon EMR
5 3 (1.72%) Amazon Kinesis
5 3 (1.72%) Amazon S3
5 3 (1.72%) Heroku
6 2 (1.15%) Azure Active Directory
6 2 (1.15%) PaaS
7 1 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (0.57%) Azure Data Factory
7 1 (0.57%) Data Lake Analytics
7 1 (0.57%) npm
7 1 (0.57%) Salesforce Service Cloud
7 1 (0.57%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 21 (12.07%) HTTP
2 12 (6.90%) TCP/IP
3 7 (4.02%) FTP
4 6 (3.45%) Internet
5 2 (1.15%) SSL
6 1 (0.57%) BIG-IP
6 1 (0.57%) DNS
6 1 (0.57%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (32.18%) SQL Server
2 16 (9.20%) Relational Database
3 14 (8.05%) NoSQL
4 11 (6.32%) Apache Cassandra
5 10 (5.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 7 (4.02%) Data Warehouse
6 7 (4.02%) Siebel EIM
7 5 (2.87%) PostgreSQL
7 5 (2.87%) SQL Server 2012
7 5 (2.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 4 (2.30%) Big Data
8 4 (2.30%) RDBMS
8 4 (2.30%) SQL Server 2008
8 4 (2.30%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 3 (1.72%) Azure SQL Database
9 3 (1.72%) MySQL
9 3 (1.72%) Neo4j
9 3 (1.72%) Oracle Database
10 2 (1.15%) Amazon Redshift
10 2 (1.15%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 40 (22.99%) Git (software)
2 32 (18.39%) Jenkins
3 19 (10.92%) JUnit
3 19 (10.92%) Mockito
4 17 (9.77%) SpecFlow
5 13 (7.47%) Selenium
6 11 (6.32%) Team Foundation Server
7 9 (5.17%) Gradle
7 9 (5.17%) Jasmine
7 9 (5.17%) JIRA
7 9 (5.17%) Moq
8 8 (4.60%) Cucumber
8 8 (4.60%) Maven
8 8 (4.60%) TeamCity
9 7 (4.02%) NUnit
9 7 (4.02%) Octopus Deploy
9 7 (4.02%) Visual Studio
10 6 (3.45%) WebDriver
11 5 (2.87%) Babel
12 4 (2.30%) webpack
General
1 79 (45.40%) Finance
2 21 (12.07%) Banking
3 13 (7.47%) Financial Institution
4 11 (6.32%) Back Office
5 10 (5.75%) Front Office
6 6 (3.45%) Investment Banking
7 5 (2.87%) Retail
8 3 (1.72%) Advertising
8 3 (1.72%) Automotive
9 2 (1.15%) Prime Brokerage
10 1 (0.57%) Law
10 1 (0.57%) Marketing
10 1 (0.57%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.57%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 147 (84.48%) Developer
2 40 (22.99%) .NET Developer
3 31 (17.82%) Senior Developer
4 29 (16.67%) C# Developer
5 28 (16.09%) Java Developer
6 17 (9.77%) C# .NET Developer
7 13 (7.47%) React Developer
8 11 (6.32%) JavaScript Developer
9 10 (5.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 10 (5.75%) PHP Developer
9 10 (5.75%) SQL Developer
10 9 (5.17%) Angular Developer
10 9 (5.17%) Senior C# Developer
11 7 (4.02%) Full Stack Developer
11 7 (4.02%) Python Developer
11 7 (4.02%) Senior .NET Developer
11 7 (4.02%) Siebel Developer
12 6 (3.45%) Analyst
12 6 (3.45%) ASP.NET Developer
12 6 (3.45%) Senior C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 66 (37.93%) .NET
2 36 (20.69%) Web Services
3 34 (19.54%) HTML
4 31 (17.82%) AngularJS
5 30 (17.24%) RESTful
6 29 (16.67%) CSS
7 22 (12.64%) .NET Framework
8 21 (12.07%) Spring
9 20 (11.49%) Entity Framework
9 20 (11.49%) React
9 20 (11.49%) REST
10 18 (10.34%) ASP.NET
11 17 (9.77%) Node.js
11 17 (9.77%) RabbitMQ
11 17 (9.77%) WPF
12 16 (9.20%) HTML5
13 15 (8.62%) WCF
13 15 (8.62%) XML
14 14 (8.05%) ASP.NET MVC
15 13 (7.47%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 22 (12.64%) Computer Science
2 20 (11.49%) Fintech
2 20 (11.49%) Greenfield Project
3 15 (8.62%) User Experience
4 14 (8.05%) Derivative
5 13 (7.47%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (7.47%) Fixed Income
5 13 (7.47%) Mobile App
6 12 (6.90%) Hedge funds
7 8 (4.60%) Equities
7 8 (4.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 4 (2.30%) RIA
9 3 (1.72%) Algorithms
9 3 (1.72%) Blog
9 3 (1.72%) Data Structures
10 2 (1.15%) Analytical Mindset
10 2 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
10 2 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
10 2 (1.15%) OTC Derivatives
10 2 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 16 (9.20%) Unix
2 6 (3.45%) Apple iOS
2 6 (3.45%) Linux
3 3 (1.72%) Windows
4 2 (1.15%) Android
4 2 (1.15%) Solaris
5 1 (0.57%) SUSE
5 1 (0.57%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 98 (56.32%) Agile Software Development
2 85 (48.85%) TDD
3 44 (25.29%) Test Automation
4 39 (22.41%) BDD
5 38 (21.84%) Scrum
6 35 (20.11%) Continuous Integration
6 35 (20.11%) MVC
7 34 (19.54%) Multithreading
8 29 (16.67%) Software Engineering
9 27 (15.52%) SDLC
10 23 (13.22%) Pair Programming
11 22 (12.64%) Front End Development
11 22 (12.64%) Web Development
12 21 (12.07%) OO
13 20 (11.49%) Problem-Solving
14 19 (10.92%) SOA
15 17 (9.77%) E-Commerce
16 16 (9.20%) Continuous Delivery
17 15 (8.62%) Data Visualisation
17 15 (8.62%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 68 (39.08%) C#
2 65 (37.36%) SQL
3 55 (31.61%) JavaScript
4 52 (29.89%) Java
5 24 (13.79%) T-SQL
6 15 (8.62%) Python
7 14 (8.05%) PHP
8 12 (6.90%) Java 8
9 10 (5.75%) Groovy
10 9 (5.17%) ES6
11 7 (4.02%) PowerShell
11 7 (4.02%) STATISTICA Visual Basic
11 7 (4.02%) TypeScript
12 6 (3.45%) C
12 6 (3.45%) Objective-C
12 6 (3.45%) Scala
13 4 (2.30%) Apple Swift
13 4 (2.30%) Kotlin
13 4 (2.30%) VBA
14 3 (1.72%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 18 (10.34%) Degree
2 12 (6.90%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (4.02%) Siebel Certification
4 1 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.57%) ISEB
4 1 (0.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 1 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (14.37%) QA
2 1 (0.57%) Dodd-Frank
2 1 (0.57%) EMIR
2 1 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (0.57%) MiFID
2 1 (0.57%) Solvency II
System Software
1 20 (11.49%) Docker
2 2 (1.15%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 12 (6.90%) Kubernetes
2 9 (5.17%) Prometheus
3 8 (4.60%) Ansible
4 4 (2.30%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (2.30%) Puppet
5 1 (0.57%) CFEngine
5 1 (0.57%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 35 (20.11%) Microsoft
2 8 (4.60%) TIBCO
3 7 (4.02%) Oracle
3 7 (4.02%) Siebel
4 5 (2.87%) Tableau
5 4 (2.30%) Adobe
5 4 (2.30%) Cadence
6 3 (1.72%) Sybase
7 2 (1.15%) Informatica
7 2 (1.15%) Pega
7 2 (1.15%) Splunk
8 1 (0.57%) Apigee
8 1 (0.57%) Atlassian
8 1 (0.57%) F5
8 1 (0.57%) GoldenSource
8 1 (0.57%) MicroStrategy
8 1 (0.57%) Misys
8 1 (0.57%) Red Hat
8 1 (0.57%) Solace
8 1 (0.57%) Typemock