Period
to 29 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 29 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 95 134 115
Rank change year-on-year +39 -19 -14
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 89 126 165
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.93% 1.84% 2.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.21% 2.08% 2.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 96 122
City of London median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £400 £413 £376
90th Percentile £653 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £550 £488 £500
% change year-on-year +12.82% -2.50% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
City of London median hourly rate £63.33 £56.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.09% - -
Central London median hourly rate £63.33 £56.00 -
% change year-on-year +13.09% - -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,027 6,064 6,328
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.30% 88.68% 89.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,037 4,721 5,028
City of London median daily rate £515 £525 £509
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.90% +3.19% +4.36%
10th Percentile £319 £325 £326
90th Percentile £675 £675 £695
Central London median daily rate £505 £520 £500
% change year-on-year -2.88% +4.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 59 63 75
City of London median hourly rate £22.33 £22.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.50% +10.00% -2.44%
10th Percentile £12.42 £13.00 £11.69
90th Percentile £52.25 £41.25 £44.40
Central London median hourly rate £23.43 £20.65 £21.00
% change year-on-year +13.48% -1.69% +3.91%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the City of London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the City of London

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the City of London

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the City of London

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the City of London region over the 6 months to 29 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 1 £400 -
Unit Testing
Central London

For the 6 months to 29 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 57 (64.04%) Agile Software Development
2 44 (49.44%) Java
3 35 (39.33%) Scrum
4 30 (33.71%) Test Automation
5 29 (32.58%) TDD
6 28 (31.46%) JavaScript
6 28 (31.46%) C#
7 25 (28.09%) SQL
8 21 (23.60%) .NET
8 21 (23.60%) OO
9 19 (21.35%) Web Services
9 19 (21.35%) Finance
10 18 (20.22%) SQL Server
10 18 (20.22%) RESTful
10 18 (20.22%) Multithreading
10 18 (20.22%) SDLC
11 17 (19.10%) AngularJS
11 17 (19.10%) Kanban
12 16 (17.98%) HTML
13 15 (16.85%) E-Commerce
13 15 (16.85%) Microservices
13 15 (16.85%) React
14 14 (15.73%) OOP
14 14 (15.73%) QA
14 14 (15.73%) Git (software)
15 13 (14.61%) Degree
15 13 (14.61%) Python
15 13 (14.61%) CSS
15 13 (14.61%) DevOps
16 12 (13.48%) Greenfield Project

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (7.87%) CMS
2 5 (5.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
3 4 (4.49%) Confluence
4 3 (3.37%) SAS
5 2 (2.25%) Anypoint
5 2 (2.25%) Apache Spark
5 2 (2.25%) IIS
5 2 (2.25%) Mule
5 2 (2.25%) Mule ESB
6 1 (1.12%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 2 (2.25%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (1.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (1.12%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (1.12%) Dynamics AX
Cloud Services
1 12 (13.48%) Azure
2 8 (8.99%) AWS
3 6 (6.74%) Cloud Computing
4 3 (3.37%) npm
5 2 (2.25%) Amazon EKS
5 2 (2.25%) PaaS
5 2 (2.25%) SaaS
6 1 (1.12%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (1.12%) Azure Data Factory
6 1 (1.12%) Data Lake Analytics
6 1 (1.12%) Dynamics 365
6 1 (1.12%) GCP
6 1 (1.12%) GitHub
6 1 (1.12%) IaaS
6 1 (1.12%) iPaaS
6 1 (1.12%) OpenShift
6 1 (1.12%) Power Platform
6 1 (1.12%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 1 (1.12%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (20.22%) SQL Server
2 7 (7.87%) KDB
2 7 (7.87%) Kdb+
2 7 (7.87%) Relational Database
3 5 (5.62%) Jackrabbit
3 5 (5.62%) MySQL
4 4 (4.49%) Azure SQL Database
4 4 (4.49%) Data Warehouse
4 4 (4.49%) NoSQL
4 4 (4.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 3 (3.37%) Cosmos DB
5 3 (3.37%) RDBMS
5 3 (3.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 2 (2.25%) Hadoop
6 2 (2.25%) InterSystems Cache
6 2 (2.25%) MongoDB
6 2 (2.25%) Neo4j
6 2 (2.25%) SQLite
7 1 (1.12%) Amazon Redshift
7 1 (1.12%) SSDT
Development Applications
1 14 (15.73%) Git (software)
2 10 (11.24%) Maven
2 10 (11.24%) TeamCity
3 7 (7.87%) Jenkins
4 6 (6.74%) JIRA
4 6 (6.74%) Visual Studio
5 5 (5.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 5 (5.62%) Cucumber
5 5 (5.62%) Selenium
6 4 (4.49%) JUnit
6 4 (4.49%) Mockito
6 4 (4.49%) Team Foundation Server
7 3 (3.37%) Bitbucket
7 3 (3.37%) REST Assured
8 2 (2.25%) Ant
8 2 (2.25%) fastlane
8 2 (2.25%) Moq
8 2 (2.25%) NUnit
8 2 (2.25%) Octopus Deploy
8 2 (2.25%) webpack
General
1 19 (21.35%) Finance
2 10 (11.24%) Front Office
3 8 (8.99%) Banking
4 7 (7.87%) Back Office
5 5 (5.62%) Marketing
6 2 (2.25%) Investment Banking
6 2 (2.25%) Retail
7 1 (1.12%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 68 (76.40%) Developer
2 18 (20.22%) Senior Developer
3 14 (15.73%) Java Developer
4 13 (14.61%) C# Developer
5 11 (12.36%) .NET Developer
6 7 (7.87%) KDB Developer
7 5 (5.62%) Analyst
7 5 (5.62%) Architect
7 5 (5.62%) Senior .NET Developer
7 5 (5.62%) SQL Developer
7 5 (5.62%) Technical Architect
8 4 (4.49%) Agile Developer
8 4 (4.49%) Agile Java Developer
8 4 (4.49%) Android Developer
8 4 (4.49%) C# .NET Developer
8 4 (4.49%) DevOps Developer
8 4 (4.49%) Lead Developer
9 3 (3.37%) Angular Developer
9 3 (3.37%) Electronic Trading Developer
9 3 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (23.60%) .NET
2 19 (21.35%) Web Services
3 18 (20.22%) RESTful
4 17 (19.10%) AngularJS
5 16 (17.98%) HTML
6 15 (16.85%) React
7 13 (14.61%) CSS
8 12 (13.48%) Spring
9 11 (12.36%) Node.js
10 10 (11.24%) .NET Core
11 9 (10.11%) REST
12 8 (8.99%) .NET Framework
13 7 (7.87%) ASP.NET Web API
13 7 (7.87%) XML
14 6 (6.74%) Hibernate
15 5 (5.62%) ASP.NET
15 5 (5.62%) HTML5
15 5 (5.62%) JSR 170
15 5 (5.62%) OSGi
16 4 (4.49%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 12 (13.48%) Greenfield Project
2 8 (8.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 7 (7.87%) Hedge funds
3 7 (7.87%) iPad
3 7 (7.87%) User Experience
4 6 (6.74%) Enterprise Software
5 5 (5.62%) Fixed Income
6 3 (3.37%) Data Structures
7 2 (2.25%) Analytical Skills
7 2 (2.25%) Equities
7 2 (2.25%) Reinsurance
7 2 (2.25%) Self-Motivation
8 1 (1.12%) AS400
8 1 (1.12%) Client/Server
8 1 (1.12%) Credit Risk
8 1 (1.12%) iSeries
8 1 (1.12%) Management Information System
8 1 (1.12%) PACS
8 1 (1.12%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 7 (7.87%) Android
1 7 (7.87%) Apple iOS
2 3 (3.37%) Linux
3 2 (2.25%) Windows
4 1 (1.12%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 57 (64.04%) Agile Software Development
2 35 (39.33%) Scrum
3 30 (33.71%) Test Automation
4 29 (32.58%) TDD
5 21 (23.60%) OO
6 18 (20.22%) Multithreading
6 18 (20.22%) SDLC
7 17 (19.10%) Kanban
8 15 (16.85%) E-Commerce
8 15 (16.85%) Microservices
9 14 (15.73%) OOP
10 13 (14.61%) DevOps
11 12 (13.48%) Business Intelligence
12 11 (12.36%) Web Development
13 10 (11.24%) Continuous Integration
13 10 (11.24%) Integration Testing
13 10 (11.24%) Software Engineering
13 10 (11.24%) SOLID
14 9 (10.11%) Front End Development
14 9 (10.11%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 44 (49.44%) Java
2 28 (31.46%) C#
2 28 (31.46%) JavaScript
3 25 (28.09%) SQL
4 13 (14.61%) Python
5 11 (12.36%) TypeScript
6 8 (8.99%) C++
7 7 (7.87%) Java 8
8 6 (6.74%) T-SQL
9 4 (4.49%) Scala
10 3 (3.37%) Groovy
10 3 (3.37%) Kotlin
10 3 (3.37%) PHP
11 2 (2.25%) Apple Swift
11 2 (2.25%) Clojure
11 2 (2.25%) ClojureScript
11 2 (2.25%) PHP 7
11 2 (2.25%) VB.NET
11 2 (2.25%) XAML
12 1 (1.12%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 13 (14.61%) Degree
2 6 (6.74%) Computer Science Degree
2 6 (6.74%) Master's Degree
2 6 (6.74%) SC Cleared
2 6 (6.74%) Security Cleared
3 1 (1.12%) CTC Cleared
3 1 (1.12%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (15.73%) QA
2 1 (1.12%) DICOM
2 1 (1.12%) HL7
2 1 (1.12%) MiFID
2 1 (1.12%) Solvency II
System Software
1 11 (12.36%) Docker
2 1 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
2 1 (1.12%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 6 (6.74%) Ansible
1 6 (6.74%) Terraform
2 3 (3.37%) Kubernetes
3 1 (1.12%) Docker Swarm
3 1 (1.12%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 12 (13.48%) Microsoft
2 5 (5.62%) Adobe
2 5 (5.62%) Oracle
3 4 (4.49%) Atlassian
4 3 (3.37%) MuleSoft
5 2 (2.25%) Apple
5 2 (2.25%) DocuSign
5 2 (2.25%) IBM
5 2 (2.25%) InterSystems
5 2 (2.25%) Xamarin
6 1 (1.12%) Cloudera
6 1 (1.12%) Datactics
6 1 (1.12%) Hortonworks
6 1 (1.12%) Informatica
6 1 (1.12%) Palantir
6 1 (1.12%) Sencha
6 1 (1.12%) Talend
6 1 (1.12%) Typemock