Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 63 54 50
Rank change year-on-year -9 -4 +24
Contract jobs citing QA 156 132 111
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.60% 4.17% 4.08%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 25.00% 34.29% 34.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 115 81 65
10th Percentile £363 £406 £315
25th Percentile £453 £456 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £515
Median % change year-on-year - +6.80% +4.83%
75th Percentile £694 £688 £575
90th Percentile £800 £713 £625
Central London median daily rate £540 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +2.86% +5.00% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 5
10th Percentile - £18.28 £31.34
25th Percentile - £19.44 £38.23
Median hourly rate - £22.75 £38.50
Median % change year-on-year - -40.91% -0.71%
75th Percentile - £24.94 £38.75
90th Percentile - £25.43 £52.25
Central London median hourly rate - £17.23 £38.50
% change year-on-year - -55.24% -0.71%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 624 385 326
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.40% 12.16% 11.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 393 269 216
10th Percentile £355 £354 £252
25th Percentile £463 £441 £411
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £530 £488
Median % change year-on-year +8.49% +8.72% -2.50%
75th Percentile £700 £638 £575
90th Percentile £800 £750 £641
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £479
% change year-on-year +9.52% +9.60% -4.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 9
10th Percentile £19.13 £15.23 £17.96
25th Percentile £23.06 £16.69 £26.75
Median hourly rate £43.50 £21.25 £38.50
Median % change year-on-year +104.71% -44.81% +118.01%
75th Percentile £62.75 £24.25 £47.75
90th Percentile £64.55 £25.15 £61.25
Central London median hourly rate £41.50 £20.00 £38.48
% change year-on-year +107.50% -48.02% +117.87%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 67 (42.95%) Agile
2 44 (28.21%) Java
3 41 (26.28%) Test Automation
4 38 (24.36%) Finance
5 37 (23.72%) SQL
6 30 (19.23%) JavaScript
6 30 (19.23%) DevOps
7 28 (17.95%) REST
7 28 (17.95%) Social Skills
8 26 (16.67%) Selenium
9 23 (14.74%) Python
10 22 (14.10%) HTML
10 22 (14.10%) Scrum
11 21 (13.46%) Microsoft
12 19 (12.18%) Cucumber
12 19 (12.18%) Microservices
13 18 (11.54%) API Testing
13 18 (11.54%) Azure
14 17 (10.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 17 (10.90%) JIRA
14 17 (10.90%) Software Testing
14 17 (10.90%) Problem-Solving
15 16 (10.26%) CI/CD
15 16 (10.26%) Banking
15 16 (10.26%) Git (software)
15 16 (10.26%) Multithreading
15 16 (10.26%) HTML5
16 14 (8.97%) AWS
16 14 (8.97%) React
16 14 (8.97%) Analytical Skills

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (3.21%) IIS
2 4 (2.56%) CMS
3 3 (1.92%) Apache Solr
3 3 (1.92%) Confluence
3 3 (1.92%) Tomcat
4 2 (1.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 2 (1.28%) Apache
4 2 (1.28%) JBoss
5 1 (0.64%) Alfresco
5 1 (0.64%) Apache Spark
5 1 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
5 1 (0.64%) SAS
5 1 (0.64%) SharePoint
Applications
1 5 (3.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (1.28%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.64%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (1.28%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (1.28%) WebTrends
1 2 (1.28%) Workfront
2 1 (0.64%) Oracle Payroll
2 1 (0.64%) Orchestrade
Cloud Services
1 18 (11.54%) Azure
2 14 (8.97%) AWS
3 12 (7.69%) Azure DevOps
4 6 (3.85%) Amazon EC2
4 6 (3.85%) Amazon S3
4 6 (3.85%) Power Platform
5 4 (2.56%) Amazon Cognito
5 4 (2.56%) Azure Data Factory
5 4 (2.56%) Google Analytics
6 3 (1.92%) Amazon EKS
6 3 (1.92%) Datadog
6 3 (1.92%) Dynamics 365
7 2 (1.28%) Adobe Analytics
7 2 (1.28%) Azure Active Directory
7 2 (1.28%) Azure Cosmos DB
7 2 (1.28%) GCP
7 2 (1.28%) GitHub
7 2 (1.28%) IaaS
7 2 (1.28%) Microsoft 365
7 2 (1.28%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 6 (3.85%) Internet
2 4 (2.56%) DNS
3 3 (1.92%) SD-WAN
3 3 (1.92%) WAN
4 2 (1.28%) Intranet
5 1 (0.64%) DHCP
5 1 (0.64%) IMAP
5 1 (0.64%) IPsec
5 1 (0.64%) MPLS
5 1 (0.64%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (7.05%) PostgreSQL
2 10 (6.41%) Relational Database
3 9 (5.77%) RDBMS
3 9 (5.77%) Redis
4 7 (4.49%) Data Warehouse
5 6 (3.85%) Big Data
5 6 (3.85%) Power BI
6 5 (3.21%) SQL Server
7 3 (1.92%) Amazon Athena
7 3 (1.92%) Amazon Redshift
7 3 (1.92%) Data Mart
8 2 (1.28%) BigQuery
8 2 (1.28%) GIS
8 2 (1.28%) KDB
8 2 (1.28%) MongoDB
8 2 (1.28%) Oracle Database
8 2 (1.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 2 (1.28%) Tableau
9 1 (0.64%) DB2
9 1 (0.64%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 26 (16.67%) Selenium
2 19 (12.18%) Cucumber
3 17 (10.90%) JIRA
4 16 (10.26%) Git (software)
5 11 (7.05%) Gradle
5 11 (7.05%) Jenkins
6 7 (4.49%) JMeter
6 7 (4.49%) TeamCity
7 5 (3.21%) Cypress.io
7 5 (3.21%) Maven
7 5 (3.21%) NUnit
8 4 (2.56%) GitLab
8 4 (2.56%) JUnit
8 4 (2.56%) Postman
8 4 (2.56%) Protractor
9 3 (1.92%) SpecFlow
9 3 (1.92%) WebDriver
10 2 (1.28%) Mockito
10 2 (1.28%) Qt Creator
10 2 (1.28%) SoapUI
General
1 38 (24.36%) Finance
2 28 (17.95%) Social Skills
3 16 (10.26%) Banking
4 14 (8.97%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (8.33%) Legal
6 11 (7.05%) Financial Institution
7 9 (5.77%) Front Office
7 9 (5.77%) Public Sector
8 7 (4.49%) Organisational Skills
9 3 (1.92%) Back Office
9 3 (1.92%) German Language
9 3 (1.92%) Influencing Skills
9 3 (1.92%) Law
9 3 (1.92%) Marketing
10 2 (1.28%) Documentation Skills
10 2 (1.28%) Games
10 2 (1.28%) Presentation Skills
10 2 (1.28%) Publishing
10 2 (1.28%) Retail
11 1 (0.64%) Tech for Good
Job Titles
1 28 (17.95%) Developer
2 27 (17.31%) Analyst
3 13 (8.33%) Java Developer
4 12 (7.69%) Business Analyst
5 11 (7.05%) React Developer
6 9 (5.77%) Test Analyst
6 9 (5.77%) Test Engineer
7 8 (5.13%) Project Manager
8 7 (4.49%) Senior Analyst
8 7 (4.49%) Test Leader
9 6 (3.85%) Banking Analyst
9 6 (3.85%) Banking Business Analyst
9 6 (3.85%) Business IT Analyst
9 6 (3.85%) IT Analyst
9 6 (3.85%) IT Business Analyst
9 6 (3.85%) QA Engineer
10 5 (3.21%) Architect
10 5 (3.21%) Senior Test Engineer
11 4 (2.56%) Software Engineer
11 4 (2.56%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (17.95%) REST
2 22 (14.10%) HTML
3 16 (10.26%) HTML5
4 14 (8.97%) React
5 13 (8.33%) Kafka
5 13 (8.33%) Spring
5 13 (8.33%) Spring Boot
6 10 (6.41%) Redux
7 9 (5.77%) .NET
7 9 (5.77%) CSS
7 9 (5.77%) RESTful
7 9 (5.77%) WebSockets
7 9 (5.77%) XML
8 8 (5.13%) JSON
9 7 (4.49%) AngularJS
9 7 (4.49%) Node.js
10 6 (3.85%) Web Services
11 4 (2.56%) GraphQL
11 4 (2.56%) jQuery
11 4 (2.56%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 17 (10.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 14 (8.97%) Enterprise Software
3 9 (5.77%) Clustering
4 8 (5.13%) Hedge funds
4 8 (5.13%) User Experience
5 6 (3.85%) Equities
6 4 (2.56%) Legacy Systems
6 4 (2.56%) Mobile App
6 4 (2.56%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (1.92%) Derivative
7 3 (1.92%) Fixed Income
7 3 (1.92%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (1.92%) Management Information System
8 2 (1.28%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.28%) Equity Derivative
8 2 (1.28%) Marketing Technology
9 1 (0.64%) Analytical Mindset
9 1 (0.64%) Cloud Native
9 1 (0.64%) Data Centre
9 1 (0.64%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 9 (5.77%) Linux
2 4 (2.56%) Windows
3 3 (1.92%) Android
3 3 (1.92%) Unix
3 3 (1.92%) VMS
4 2 (1.28%) Apple iOS
4 2 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (0.64%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (42.95%) Agile
2 41 (26.28%) Test Automation
3 30 (19.23%) DevOps
4 22 (14.10%) Scrum
5 19 (12.18%) Microservices
6 18 (11.54%) API Testing
7 17 (10.90%) Problem-Solving
7 17 (10.90%) Software Testing
8 16 (10.26%) CI/CD
8 16 (10.26%) Multithreading
9 14 (8.97%) Project Management
10 13 (8.33%) Risk Management
11 12 (7.69%) Analytics
11 12 (7.69%) Full Stack Development
11 12 (7.69%) SDET
11 12 (7.69%) SDLC
11 12 (7.69%) Unit Testing
11 12 (7.69%) User Acceptance Testing
11 12 (7.69%) Web Development
12 11 (7.05%) Event-Driven
Programming Languages
1 44 (28.21%) Java
2 37 (23.72%) SQL
3 30 (19.23%) JavaScript
4 23 (14.74%) Python
5 9 (5.77%) C#
6 5 (3.21%) R
7 4 (2.56%) C++
7 4 (2.56%) TypeScript
8 3 (1.92%) Scala
9 2 (1.28%) Groovy
9 2 (1.28%) PowerShell
10 1 (0.64%) C
10 1 (0.64%) Go
10 1 (0.64%) Kotlin
10 1 (0.64%) PL/SQL
10 1 (0.64%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 13 (8.33%) SC Cleared
1 13 (8.33%) Security Cleared
2 5 (3.21%) Degree
3 2 (1.28%) DV Cleared
3 2 (1.28%) ISTQB
3 2 (1.28%) Numerate Degree
4 1 (0.64%) APMP
4 1 (0.64%) CCNA
4 1 (0.64%) CCNP
4 1 (0.64%) Cisco Certification
4 1 (0.64%) ISEB
4 1 (0.64%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (6.41%) GDPR
2 6 (3.85%) PMO
3 4 (2.56%) Data Quality
4 3 (1.92%) Accessibility
5 2 (1.28%) MiFID
5 2 (1.28%) NIST
6 1 (0.64%) EMIR
6 1 (0.64%) GRC
6 1 (0.64%) IFRS
6 1 (0.64%) IFRS 17
6 1 (0.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.64%) NCSC
6 1 (0.64%) P3O
6 1 (0.64%) WCAG
System Software
1 13 (8.33%) Docker
2 5 (3.21%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.28%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 10 (6.41%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.28%) Ansible
2 2 (1.28%) Microsoft Intune
3 1 (0.64%) HP Quality Center
3 1 (0.64%) Kibana
3 1 (0.64%) logstash
3 1 (0.64%) Terraform
3 1 (0.64%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 21 (13.46%) Microsoft
2 9 (5.77%) Oracle
3 5 (3.21%) Databricks
3 5 (3.21%) Google
4 3 (1.92%) MuleSoft
5 2 (1.28%) Adobe
5 2 (1.28%) AppDynamics
5 2 (1.28%) FatWire
5 2 (1.28%) Red Hat
5 2 (1.28%) Splunk
6 1 (0.64%) Cadence
6 1 (0.64%) CheckPoint
6 1 (0.64%) Cisco
6 1 (0.64%) Green Hat
6 1 (0.64%) Guidewire
6 1 (0.64%) HP
6 1 (0.64%) Juniper
6 1 (0.64%) Palo Alto
6 1 (0.64%) ServiceNow
6 1 (0.64%) VMware