Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 59 58 71
Rank change year-on-year -1 +13 -16
Contract jobs citing QA 272 281 239
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.93% 4.10% 3.59%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 40.84% 29.93% 29.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 223 215 182
City of London median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +7.95%
10th Percentile £302 £322 £325
90th Percentile £606 £625 £594
Central London median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
City of London median hourly rate - - £20.00
Central London median hourly rate - - £20.00

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 666 939 806
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 9.61% 13.69% 12.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 522 738 644
City of London median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £263 £313 £313
90th Percentile £675 £681 £675
Central London median daily rate £475 £488 £475
% change year-on-year -2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 13 5
City of London median hourly rate £18.50 £15.00 £46.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.33% -67.74% +158.62%
10th Percentile £13.70 £13.30 £17.60
90th Percentile £24.35 £26.00 £135.55
Central London median hourly rate £18.50 £15.00 £46.50
% change year-on-year +23.33% -67.74% +137.06%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 1 £160 -
QA
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 133 (48.90%) Agile Software Development
2 119 (43.75%) Test Automation
3 88 (32.35%) Finance
4 74 (27.21%) Java
5 68 (25.00%) Selenium
6 60 (22.06%) JavaScript
7 52 (19.12%) BDD
8 51 (18.75%) C#
8 51 (18.75%) SQL
8 51 (18.75%) Scrum
9 48 (17.65%) TDD
9 48 (17.65%) .NET
10 43 (15.81%) JIRA
10 43 (15.81%) Problem-Solving
11 36 (13.24%) Jenkins
12 34 (12.50%) HTML
13 31 (11.40%) Python
13 31 (11.40%) Software Engineering
13 31 (11.40%) Continuous Integration
14 29 (10.66%) CSS
14 29 (10.66%) DevOps
15 27 (9.93%) Analytical Skills
15 27 (9.93%) WebDriver
16 26 (9.56%) User Experience
17 25 (9.19%) Test Strategy
17 25 (9.19%) SpecFlow
18 24 (8.82%) Cucumber
18 24 (8.82%) Banking
18 24 (8.82%) SDLC
18 24 (8.82%) Analytics

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (5.88%) Confluence
2 10 (3.68%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (2.57%) Apache Spark
4 5 (1.84%) CMS
5 3 (1.10%) IIS
5 3 (1.10%) NServiceBus
5 3 (1.10%) WordPress
6 2 (0.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 2 (0.74%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (0.74%) Luigi
6 2 (0.74%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.37%) Alfresco
7 1 (0.37%) Apache Solr
7 1 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.37%) Mule
7 1 (0.37%) Oracle Service Bus
7 1 (0.37%) SAS
7 1 (0.37%) Umbraco
7 1 (0.37%) WebSphere
Applications
1 11 (4.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (1.47%) MS Visio
3 3 (1.10%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.37%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.37%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.37%) InVision
4 1 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (1.10%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.74%) Dynamics AX
2 2 (0.74%) Oracle Retail
3 1 (0.37%) Elite 3E
3 1 (0.37%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.37%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.37%) thinkFolio
3 1 (0.37%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 18 (6.62%) Microsoft Azure
2 17 (6.25%) Amazon AWS
3 6 (2.21%) GitHub
4 4 (1.47%) PaaS
5 3 (1.10%) Amazon S3
5 3 (1.10%) Apigee
5 3 (1.10%) Google Cloud Platform
5 3 (1.10%) SaaS
5 3 (1.10%) Trello
6 2 (0.74%) Amazon Kinesis
6 2 (0.74%) Basecamp
6 2 (0.74%) BrowserStack
6 2 (0.74%) Google Analytics
6 2 (0.74%) Google Tag Manager
6 2 (0.74%) IaaS
6 2 (0.74%) Sauce Labs
6 2 (0.74%) Serverless
7 1 (0.37%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.37%) BlazeMeter
7 1 (0.37%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.78%) HTTP
2 10 (3.68%) Internet
3 6 (2.21%) Skype
4 3 (1.10%) FTP
4 3 (1.10%) SSL
5 2 (0.74%) AMQP
5 2 (0.74%) DNS
5 2 (0.74%) VLAN
5 2 (0.74%) VSAN
6 1 (0.37%) BGP
6 1 (0.37%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.37%) IPFIX
6 1 (0.37%) Junos
6 1 (0.37%) MPLS
6 1 (0.37%) MQTT
6 1 (0.37%) MRTG
6 1 (0.37%) OSPF
6 1 (0.37%) SNMP
6 1 (0.37%) TACACS
6 1 (0.37%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
2 15 (5.51%) NoSQL
2 15 (5.51%) SQL Server
3 13 (4.78%) Data Warehouse
4 9 (3.31%) Big Data
4 9 (3.31%) Relational Database
5 8 (2.94%) MongoDB
6 6 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
6 6 (2.21%) Hadoop
6 6 (2.21%) MySQL
7 5 (1.84%) Data Lake
7 5 (1.84%) Redis
8 3 (1.10%) Apache Hive
8 3 (1.10%) Flink
8 3 (1.10%) HBase
8 3 (1.10%) Siebel EIM
8 3 (1.10%) Sqoop
9 2 (0.74%) Data Mining
9 2 (0.74%) Neo4j
9 2 (0.74%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 68 (25.00%) Selenium
2 43 (15.81%) JIRA
3 36 (13.24%) Jenkins
4 27 (9.93%) WebDriver
5 25 (9.19%) SpecFlow
6 24 (8.82%) Cucumber
7 20 (7.35%) Team Foundation Server
8 19 (6.99%) Git (software)
9 15 (5.51%) Appium
10 13 (4.78%) Visual Studio
11 9 (3.31%) Maven
12 8 (2.94%) JMeter
12 8 (2.94%) TeamCity
13 7 (2.57%) JUnit
13 7 (2.57%) Mockito
14 6 (2.21%) GitLab
14 6 (2.21%) webpack
15 5 (1.84%) TestDirector
16 4 (1.47%) Moq
16 4 (1.47%) NUnit
General
1 88 (32.35%) Finance
2 24 (8.82%) Banking
3 21 (7.72%) Retail
4 17 (6.25%) Marketing
5 9 (3.31%) Law
6 7 (2.57%) Games
7 6 (2.21%) Front Office
7 6 (2.21%) Retail Banking
8 5 (1.84%) Advertising
9 4 (1.47%) Financial Institution
9 4 (1.47%) Legal
10 3 (1.10%) Investment Banking
10 3 (1.10%) Multimedia
11 2 (0.74%) Back Office
11 2 (0.74%) Publishing
11 2 (0.74%) Telecoms
12 1 (0.37%) Digital Economy
12 1 (0.37%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 62 (22.79%) Developer
2 45 (16.54%) QA Engineer
3 41 (15.07%) Analyst
4 26 (9.56%) Tester
5 21 (7.72%) QA Automation Engineer
6 19 (6.99%) Test Engineer
7 17 (6.25%) QA Analyst
8 16 (5.88%) QA Tester
9 15 (5.51%) Automation Engineer
10 14 (5.15%) .NET Developer
11 12 (4.41%) Java Developer
12 11 (4.04%) C# Developer
12 11 (4.04%) QA Test Engineer
13 10 (3.68%) Business Analyst
13 10 (3.68%) Test Automation Engineer
13 10 (3.68%) Test Manager
14 9 (3.31%) Project Manager
14 9 (3.31%) QA Leader
14 9 (3.31%) Senior QA Engineer
15 8 (2.94%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 48 (17.65%) .NET
2 34 (12.50%) HTML
3 29 (10.66%) CSS
4 21 (7.72%) Node.js
4 21 (7.72%) RESTful
5 15 (5.51%) AngularJS
5 15 (5.51%) HTML5
5 15 (5.51%) Web Services
6 14 (5.15%) Spring
7 13 (4.78%) JSON
7 13 (4.78%) React
7 13 (4.78%) XML
8 12 (4.41%) ASP.NET
9 11 (4.04%) Redux
10 10 (3.68%) Kafka
10 10 (3.68%) React Native
11 9 (3.31%) jQuery
11 9 (3.31%) RabbitMQ
11 9 (3.31%) Sass
12 8 (2.94%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 27 (9.93%) Analytical Skills
2 26 (9.56%) User Experience
3 24 (8.82%) Greenfield Project
4 18 (6.62%) Mobile App
5 12 (4.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 11 (4.04%) Fintech
7 9 (3.31%) Data Centre
7 9 (3.31%) Hedge funds
8 8 (2.94%) Computer Science
8 8 (2.94%) Derivative
9 7 (2.57%) Algorithms
10 6 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
10 6 (2.21%) SWIFT
11 5 (1.84%) Fixed Income
11 5 (1.84%) PACS
12 4 (1.47%) Internet of Things
12 4 (1.47%) Virtual Team
13 3 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
13 3 (1.10%) Management Information System
13 3 (1.10%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 19 (6.99%) Android
2 16 (5.88%) Apple iOS
2 16 (5.88%) Unix
3 14 (5.15%) Linux
4 5 (1.84%) Windows
5 3 (1.10%) Windows Server
5 3 (1.10%) Windows Server 2008
6 2 (0.74%) CentOS
6 2 (0.74%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.37%) Debian
7 1 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 133 (48.90%) Agile Software Development
2 119 (43.75%) Test Automation
3 52 (19.12%) BDD
4 51 (18.75%) Scrum
5 48 (17.65%) TDD
6 43 (15.81%) Problem-Solving
7 31 (11.40%) Continuous Integration
7 31 (11.40%) Software Engineering
8 29 (10.66%) DevOps
9 25 (9.19%) Test Strategy
10 24 (8.82%) Analytics
10 24 (8.82%) SDLC
11 23 (8.46%) SDET
12 22 (8.09%) QA Automation
13 21 (7.72%) Test Scripting
13 21 (7.72%) Unit Testing
14 20 (7.35%) Software Testing
15 19 (6.99%) Functional Testing
15 19 (6.99%) User Acceptance Testing
16 18 (6.62%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 74 (27.21%) Java
2 60 (22.06%) JavaScript
3 51 (18.75%) C#
3 51 (18.75%) SQL
4 31 (11.40%) Python
5 11 (4.04%) Scala
6 10 (3.68%) T-SQL
7 9 (3.31%) ES6
8 8 (2.94%) TypeScript
9 7 (2.57%) C
9 7 (2.57%) C++
9 7 (2.57%) PHP
9 7 (2.57%) PL/SQL
10 6 (2.21%) Ruby
11 5 (1.84%) ES7
11 5 (1.84%) Kotlin
11 5 (1.84%) R
12 4 (1.47%) Apple Swift
12 4 (1.47%) Bash Shell
12 4 (1.47%) VB
Qualifications
1 18 (6.62%) Degree
2 8 (2.94%) ISTQB
3 6 (2.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (2.21%) ISEB
4 5 (1.84%) Numerate Degree
4 5 (1.84%) Security Cleared
5 4 (1.47%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
5 4 (1.47%) PhD
5 4 (1.47%) SC Cleared
6 3 (1.10%) Siebel Certification
7 2 (0.74%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (3.31%) Data Quality
2 5 (1.84%) SEPA
3 4 (1.47%) GDPR
3 4 (1.47%) MiFID
4 2 (0.74%) WCAG
5 1 (0.37%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.37%) EMIR
5 1 (0.37%) PMO
System Software
1 21 (7.72%) Docker
2 5 (1.84%) XenDesktop
3 3 (1.10%) Apache Flume
3 3 (1.10%) Microsoft App-V
3 3 (1.10%) XenApp
4 2 (0.74%) vSphere
5 1 (0.37%) KVM
5 1 (0.37%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 14 (5.15%) Ansible
1 14 (5.15%) HP Quality Center
2 11 (4.04%) Kubernetes
3 8 (2.94%) Puppet
4 4 (1.47%) HP ALM
4 4 (1.47%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (1.10%) Capistrano
5 3 (1.10%) Kibana
5 3 (1.10%) logstash
5 3 (1.10%) Terraform
6 2 (0.74%) Salt
7 1 (0.37%) collectd
7 1 (0.37%) Consul
7 1 (0.37%) Grafana
7 1 (0.37%) Graphite
7 1 (0.37%) Icinga
7 1 (0.37%) Observium
7 1 (0.37%) Packer
7 1 (0.37%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.37%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 21 (7.72%) Microsoft
2 14 (5.15%) Oracle
3 10 (3.68%) HP
4 8 (2.94%) Citrix
4 8 (2.94%) Google
5 6 (2.21%) VMware
6 5 (1.84%) Atlassian
6 5 (1.84%) FIS
6 5 (1.84%) SAP
7 4 (1.47%) Adobe
7 4 (1.47%) IBM
8 3 (1.10%) Cadence
8 3 (1.10%) Hortonworks
8 3 (1.10%) hybris
8 3 (1.10%) Perfecto Mobile
8 3 (1.10%) Siebel
8 3 (1.10%) Tableau
8 3 (1.10%) Talend
9 2 (0.74%) Alteryx
9 2 (0.74%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud