Period
to 3 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 3 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
3 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 54 72 66
Rank change year-on-year +18 -6 -7
Contract jobs citing QA 164 232 267
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.93% 3.43% 3.76%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 37.19% 40.00% 32.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 112 166 189
Median daily rate £514 £491 £485
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.58% +1.29% +7.78%
10th Percentile £313 £350 £313
90th Percentile £625 £644 £625
Central London median daily rate £500 £483 £475
% change year-on-year +3.63% +1.58% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 0
Median hourly rate £38.50 £26.39 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.90% - -
Central London median hourly rate £38.50 £26.39 -
% change year-on-year +45.90% - -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 441 580 825
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.58% 8.58% 11.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 301 425 603
Median daily rate £475 £505 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.94% +1.00% -
10th Percentile £263 £313 £321
90th Percentile £638 £638 £681
Central London median daily rate £475 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -5.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 10 11
Median hourly rate £38.48 £22.25 £15.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +72.92% +48.33% +1.01%
Median hourly rate £38.48 £22.00 £15.50
% change year-on-year +74.89% +41.94% +5.62%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 3 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 3 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the City of London region over the 6 months to 3 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 1 £550 -
London Bridge - 1 £300 -
QA
Central London

For the 6 months to 3 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 71 (43.29%) Agile Software Development
2 44 (26.83%) Finance
3 37 (22.56%) Test Automation
4 33 (20.12%) Java
4 33 (20.12%) Scrum
5 30 (18.29%) SQL
6 29 (17.68%) .NET
7 25 (15.24%) C#
7 25 (15.24%) HTML
8 24 (14.63%) TDD
9 23 (14.02%) JavaScript
9 23 (14.02%) Analytical Skills
10 22 (13.41%) CSS
10 22 (13.41%) JIRA
11 21 (12.80%) Degree
11 21 (12.80%) SDLC
12 20 (12.20%) Software Engineering
13 19 (11.59%) User Experience
14 18 (10.98%) Continuous Integration
14 18 (10.98%) Azure
14 18 (10.98%) BDD
14 18 (10.98%) Banking
14 18 (10.98%) SQL Server
15 14 (8.54%) Web Services
15 14 (8.54%) Oracle
15 14 (8.54%) Unit Testing
15 14 (8.54%) Selenium
15 14 (8.54%) AngularJS
16 13 (7.93%) DevOps
16 13 (7.93%) Front End Development

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (6.10%) Confluence
2 8 (4.88%) CMS
3 7 (4.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 2 (1.22%) Apache
4 2 (1.22%) Apache Airflow
4 2 (1.22%) Apache Spark
4 2 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (1.22%) OpenStack
4 2 (1.22%) WebSphere
5 1 (0.61%) JBoss
5 1 (0.61%) Red Hat Fuse
5 1 (0.61%) SAS
5 1 (0.61%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (4.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.83%) MS Visio
2 3 (1.83%) Zeplin
3 2 (1.22%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.61%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.61%) Figma
4 1 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.61%) Sketch
4 1 (0.61%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 3 (1.83%) Dynamics AX
1 3 (1.83%) PeopleSoft Financials
2 2 (1.22%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.61%) FastStats
3 1 (0.61%) Infor SunSystems
3 1 (0.61%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 18 (10.98%) Azure
2 10 (6.10%) AWS
3 4 (2.44%) Power Platform
4 3 (1.83%) Apigee
4 3 (1.83%) GitHub
4 3 (1.83%) Tricentis Tosca
5 2 (1.22%) AWS Lambda
5 2 (1.22%) PaaS
5 2 (1.22%) Salesforce Service Cloud
5 2 (1.22%) Serverless
6 1 (0.61%) Amazon SQS
6 1 (0.61%) AWS Step Functions
6 1 (0.61%) Azure Data Factory
6 1 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
6 1 (0.61%) IaaS
6 1 (0.61%) OpenShift
6 1 (0.61%) Responsys
6 1 (0.61%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.22%) 4G
1 2 (1.22%) FTP
2 1 (0.61%) DNS
2 1 (0.61%) Firewall
2 1 (0.61%) SMS
2 1 (0.61%) VPN
2 1 (0.61%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (10.98%) SQL Server
2 13 (7.93%) Data Warehouse
3 11 (6.71%) Relational Database
4 7 (4.27%) RDBMS
5 5 (3.05%) Jackrabbit
5 5 (3.05%) NoSQL
5 5 (3.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 4 (2.44%) Big Data
6 4 (2.44%) MySQL
6 4 (2.44%) Power BI
7 3 (1.83%) DB2
7 3 (1.83%) MongoDB
7 3 (1.83%) OLAP
7 3 (1.83%) Oracle Reports
8 2 (1.22%) Adabas
8 2 (1.22%) Amazon RDS
8 2 (1.22%) Apache Hive
8 2 (1.22%) Data Mining
8 2 (1.22%) Flink
8 2 (1.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 22 (13.41%) JIRA
2 14 (8.54%) Selenium
3 13 (7.93%) Cucumber
4 12 (7.32%) Git (software)
5 9 (5.49%) SpecFlow
6 8 (4.88%) TeamCity
7 6 (3.66%) Octopus Deploy
8 5 (3.05%) Jenkins
9 4 (2.44%) Ant
9 4 (2.44%) JUnit
9 4 (2.44%) Postman
9 4 (2.44%) Subversion
10 3 (1.83%) Cypress.io
10 3 (1.83%) REST Assured
10 3 (1.83%) WebDriver
11 2 (1.22%) Appium
11 2 (1.22%) Axure RP
11 2 (1.22%) Bitbucket
11 2 (1.22%) Mockito
11 2 (1.22%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 44 (26.83%) Finance
2 18 (10.98%) Banking
3 10 (6.10%) Marketing
4 6 (3.66%) Advertising
4 6 (3.66%) Front Office
4 6 (3.66%) Law
5 4 (2.44%) Legal
6 3 (1.83%) Publishing
7 2 (1.22%) General Ledger
7 2 (1.22%) International Banking
7 2 (1.22%) Police
7 2 (1.22%) Retail
7 2 (1.22%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.61%) Environmental Health
8 1 (0.61%) French Language
8 1 (0.61%) German Language
8 1 (0.61%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.61%) Private Banking
8 1 (0.61%) Public Sector
8 1 (0.61%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 50 (30.49%) Developer
2 35 (21.34%) Analyst
3 13 (7.93%) QA Engineer
4 12 (7.32%) Business Analyst
5 10 (6.10%) Java Developer
6 9 (5.49%) QA Analyst
6 9 (5.49%) Senior Developer
7 8 (4.88%) Designer
8 7 (4.27%) UX Designer
8 7 (4.27%) UX Developer
9 6 (3.66%) Analyst Developer
9 6 (3.66%) Data Analyst
9 6 (3.66%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 6 (3.66%) Test Analyst
9 6 (3.66%) Tester
10 5 (3.05%) Architect
10 5 (3.05%) Business Developer
10 5 (3.05%) Consultant
10 5 (3.05%) QA Tester
10 5 (3.05%) Technical Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (17.68%) .NET
2 25 (15.24%) HTML
3 22 (13.41%) CSS
4 14 (8.54%) AngularJS
4 14 (8.54%) Web Services
5 9 (5.49%) REST
5 9 (5.49%) WPF
6 7 (4.27%) ASP.NET
6 7 (4.27%) HTML5
6 7 (4.27%) React
6 7 (4.27%) RESTful
7 6 (3.66%) WCF
7 6 (3.66%) XML
8 5 (3.05%) JSR 170
8 5 (3.05%) OSGi
9 4 (2.44%) .NET Framework
9 4 (2.44%) FIX Protocol
9 4 (2.44%) Gherkin
9 4 (2.44%) Redux
9 4 (2.44%) Swing
Miscellaneous
1 23 (14.02%) Analytical Skills
2 19 (11.59%) User Experience
3 8 (4.88%) Data Structures
3 8 (4.88%) Derivative
3 8 (4.88%) Mobile App
4 6 (3.66%) Enterprise Software
4 6 (3.66%) Self-Motivation
5 5 (3.05%) Fixed Income
5 5 (3.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 4 (2.44%) Greenfield Project
6 4 (2.44%) OTC Derivatives
7 3 (1.83%) Social Network
8 2 (1.22%) Client/Server
8 2 (1.22%) Mainframe
8 2 (1.22%) Replication
8 2 (1.22%) Virtual Team
8 2 (1.22%) W3C
9 1 (0.61%) Clustering
9 1 (0.61%) Linux Command Line
9 1 (0.61%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 9 (5.49%) Windows
2 6 (3.66%) Apple iOS
2 6 (3.66%) Linux
3 5 (3.05%) Android
4 3 (1.83%) Unix
5 1 (0.61%) Ubuntu
5 1 (0.61%) Windows 10
5 1 (0.61%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 71 (43.29%) Agile Software Development
2 37 (22.56%) Test Automation
3 33 (20.12%) Scrum
4 24 (14.63%) TDD
5 21 (12.80%) SDLC
6 20 (12.20%) Software Engineering
7 18 (10.98%) BDD
7 18 (10.98%) Continuous Integration
8 14 (8.54%) Unit Testing
9 13 (7.93%) Computer Science
9 13 (7.93%) DevOps
9 13 (7.93%) Front End Development
9 13 (7.93%) Problem-Solving
9 13 (7.93%) User Acceptance Testing
10 12 (7.32%) Acceptance Criteria
10 12 (7.32%) Test Scripting
11 11 (6.71%) API Testing
11 11 (6.71%) CRM
11 11 (6.71%) Regression Testing
12 10 (6.10%) OO
Programming Languages
1 33 (20.12%) Java
2 30 (18.29%) SQL
3 25 (15.24%) C#
4 23 (14.02%) JavaScript
5 7 (4.27%) VBA
6 6 (3.66%) Python
7 5 (3.05%) Java 8
7 5 (3.05%) TypeScript
8 4 (2.44%) Shell Script
9 3 (1.83%) C++
9 3 (1.83%) Perl
9 3 (1.83%) PL/SQL
9 3 (1.83%) R
9 3 (1.83%) T-SQL
9 3 (1.83%) VB
10 2 (1.22%) Groovy
10 2 (1.22%) Natural
10 2 (1.22%) PHP
10 2 (1.22%) PowerShell
10 2 (1.22%) Scala
Qualifications
1 21 (12.80%) Degree
2 5 (3.05%) Computer Science Degree
2 5 (3.05%) ISEB
2 5 (3.05%) Master's Degree
2 5 (3.05%) Security Cleared
3 4 (2.44%) SC Cleared
4 2 (1.22%) ISTQB
5 1 (0.61%) CBAP
5 1 (0.61%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 1 (0.61%) MCP
5 1 (0.61%) PMI Certification
5 1 (0.61%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.44%) Data Quality
2 2 (1.22%) EMIR
2 2 (1.22%) MiFID
2 2 (1.22%) PMO
2 2 (1.22%) WCAG
3 1 (0.61%) COBIT
System Software
1 7 (4.27%) Docker
2 1 (0.61%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.61%) Firmware
2 1 (0.61%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 5 (3.05%) HP Quality Center
1 5 (3.05%) Kubernetes
2 3 (1.83%) Ansible
3 2 (1.22%) Puppet
3 2 (1.22%) Terraform
4 1 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.61%) Packer
Vendors
1 14 (8.54%) Oracle
2 10 (6.10%) Microsoft
3 9 (5.49%) Adobe
4 6 (3.66%) SAP
5 5 (3.05%) HP
6 4 (2.44%) Salesforce.com
7 3 (1.83%) Atlassian
7 3 (1.83%) Cognos
7 3 (1.83%) HubSpot
7 3 (1.83%) Netezza
7 3 (1.83%) PeopleSoft
7 3 (1.83%) Sybase
7 3 (1.83%) Teradata
8 2 (1.22%) hybris
8 2 (1.22%) Remedy
8 2 (1.22%) Software AG
9 1 (0.61%) IBM
9 1 (0.61%) Red Hat
9 1 (0.61%) Tableau
9 1 (0.61%) VMware