Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 57 48 73
Rank change year-on-year -9 +25 -8
Contract jobs citing QA 133 109 217
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.92% 4.50% 3.27%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 32.84% 37.85% 33.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 80 65 166
10th Percentile £356 £338 £325
25th Percentile £460 £413 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £486
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +2.83% +8.06%
75th Percentile £688 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £625 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +7.69% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 1
10th Percentile £25.45 £31.34 "
25th Percentile £25.75 £38.23 £34.54
Median hourly rate £27.00 £38.50 £38.78
Median % change year-on-year -29.87% -0.71% -
75th Percentile £28.75 £38.75 £43.01
90th Percentile £29.35 £52.25 "
Central London median hourly rate £19.73 £38.50 £38.78
% change year-on-year -48.75% -0.71% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 405 288 646
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 11.93% 11.88% 9.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 279 187 490
10th Percentile £375 £251 £325
25th Percentile £458 £409 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £535 £488 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.74% -2.50% +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £588
90th Percentile £750 £663 £663
Central London median daily rate £525 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 9 6
10th Percentile £17.05 £17.96 £11.13
25th Percentile £21.25 £26.75 £11.94
Median hourly rate £25.50 £38.50 £15.33
Median % change year-on-year -33.77% +151.14% -10.48%
75th Percentile £29.75 £47.75 £19.83
90th Percentile £73.55 £61.25 £31.63
Central London median hourly rate £20.00 £38.48 £17.66
% change year-on-year -48.02% +117.87% -5.56%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 69 (51.88%) Agile Software Development
2 62 (46.62%) Social Skills
3 43 (32.33%) DevOps
4 40 (30.08%) Azure
5 38 (28.57%) JavaScript
6 37 (27.82%) Finance
6 37 (27.82%) TDD
7 31 (23.31%) Software Engineering
7 31 (23.31%) Continuous Improvement
8 30 (22.56%) Continuous Integration
9 28 (21.05%) SQL Server
9 28 (21.05%) Microsoft
9 28 (21.05%) Mentoring
10 27 (20.30%) Business Intelligence
11 26 (19.55%) PowerShell
11 26 (19.55%) Power BI
11 26 (19.55%) Analytics
11 26 (19.55%) Test Automation
11 26 (19.55%) Scaled Agile Framework
11 26 (19.55%) Power Platform
12 25 (18.80%) AngularJS
12 25 (18.80%) React
12 25 (18.80%) Active Directory
12 25 (18.80%) C#
13 24 (18.05%) SharePoint
13 24 (18.05%) Azure Active Directory
13 24 (18.05%) Greenfield Project
13 24 (18.05%) TypeScript
14 23 (17.29%) .NET
15 22 (16.54%) ASP.NET

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (18.05%) SharePoint
2 5 (3.76%) Confluence
3 2 (1.50%) MS Exchange
4 1 (0.75%) Anypoint
4 1 (0.75%) Apache
4 1 (0.75%) Appian
4 1 (0.75%) CMS
4 1 (0.75%) IIS
4 1 (0.75%) JBoss
4 1 (0.75%) OpenStack
4 1 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 16 (12.03%) Microsoft Project
2 15 (11.28%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (3.76%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.75%) Figma
4 1 (0.75%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.75%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 2 (1.50%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.75%) Bloomberg TOMS
Cloud Services
1 40 (30.08%) Azure
2 26 (19.55%) Power Platform
3 24 (18.05%) Azure Active Directory
4 14 (10.53%) AWS
5 12 (9.02%) IaaS
6 4 (3.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 4 (3.01%) GCP
6 4 (3.01%) GitHub
6 4 (3.01%) Serverless
7 3 (2.26%) Amazon S3
7 3 (2.26%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (1.50%) Microsoft 365
8 2 (1.50%) PaaS
8 2 (1.50%) SuccessFactors
9 1 (0.75%) Adobe Analytics
9 1 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
9 1 (0.75%) Datadog
9 1 (0.75%) Route 53
9 1 (0.75%) Slack
9 1 (0.75%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 9 (6.77%) FTP
1 9 (6.77%) NAS
1 9 (6.77%) SAN
2 2 (1.50%) HTTP
2 2 (1.50%) Wireless
3 1 (0.75%) 3GPP
3 1 (0.75%) 4G
3 1 (0.75%) 5G
3 1 (0.75%) DNS
3 1 (0.75%) Firewall
3 1 (0.75%) FIX Connectivity
3 1 (0.75%) Kerberos
3 1 (0.75%) LAN
3 1 (0.75%) LTE
3 1 (0.75%) MIMO
3 1 (0.75%) MPLS
3 1 (0.75%) Radio Access Network
3 1 (0.75%) SD-WAN
3 1 (0.75%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (21.05%) SQL Server
2 26 (19.55%) Power BI
3 9 (6.77%) DB2
4 5 (3.76%) Data Warehouse
5 3 (2.26%) NoSQL
5 3 (2.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 2 (1.50%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 2 (1.50%) Azure SQL Database
6 2 (1.50%) Data Lake
6 2 (1.50%) SAP HANA
6 2 (1.50%) Tableau
7 1 (0.75%) BusinessObjects Business Intelligence
7 1 (0.75%) Dremio
7 1 (0.75%) Metadata
7 1 (0.75%) MongoDB
7 1 (0.75%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.75%) SQL Server 2017
7 1 (0.75%) SQL Server 2019
7 1 (0.75%) Tableau Desktop
7 1 (0.75%) Tableau Server
Development Applications
1 22 (16.54%) Octopus Deploy
2 17 (12.78%) JIRA
3 16 (12.03%) Cucumber
4 14 (10.53%) Git (software)
5 13 (9.77%) Selenium
6 11 (8.27%) Jenkins
7 6 (4.51%) JUnit
7 6 (4.51%) Maven
8 5 (3.76%) Bitbucket
8 5 (3.76%) Cypress.io
9 4 (3.01%) Mockito
9 4 (3.01%) Postman
9 4 (3.01%) SpecFlow
10 3 (2.26%) IntelliJ
10 3 (2.26%) jMock
10 3 (2.26%) Mocha
10 3 (2.26%) NUnit
10 3 (2.26%) Protractor
10 3 (2.26%) SoapUI
10 3 (2.26%) Visual Studio
General
1 62 (46.62%) Social Skills
2 37 (27.82%) Finance
3 15 (11.28%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (10.53%) Influencing Skills
5 12 (9.02%) Banking
6 5 (3.76%) Investment Banking
6 5 (3.76%) Legal
6 5 (3.76%) Retail
7 4 (3.01%) Law
8 3 (2.26%) General Ledger
8 3 (2.26%) Marketing
8 3 (2.26%) Presentation Skills
8 3 (2.26%) Public Sector
9 2 (1.50%) Billing
9 2 (1.50%) Documentation Skills
9 2 (1.50%) Front Office
9 2 (1.50%) Games
10 1 (0.75%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.75%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.75%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 21 (15.79%) Technical Leader
2 19 (14.29%) Analyst
3 16 (12.03%) Project Manager
4 14 (10.53%) Developer
5 8 (6.02%) Business Analyst
6 6 (4.51%) DevOps Engineer
6 6 (4.51%) Product Analyst
6 6 (4.51%) QA Engineer
6 6 (4.51%) Test Engineer
6 6 (4.51%) Test Leader
6 6 (4.51%) Tester
7 5 (3.76%) Governance Analyst
7 5 (3.76%) PRINCE2 Project Manager
7 5 (3.76%) Product Business Analyst
7 5 (3.76%) QA Tester
8 4 (3.01%) Azure Engineer
8 4 (3.01%) Finance Project Manager
8 4 (3.01%) QA Analyst
8 4 (3.01%) Software Developer
8 4 (3.01%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (18.80%) AngularJS
1 25 (18.80%) React
2 23 (17.29%) .NET
3 22 (16.54%) ASP.NET
3 22 (16.54%) ASP.NET Core
4 9 (6.77%) Middleware
5 8 (6.02%) Node.js
5 8 (6.02%) REST
6 7 (5.26%) Gherkin
7 5 (3.76%) Spring
7 5 (3.76%) Web Services
8 4 (3.01%) CSS
8 4 (3.01%) HTML
9 3 (2.26%) GraphQL
10 2 (1.50%) Chai
10 2 (1.50%) HTML5
10 2 (1.50%) RxJava
10 2 (1.50%) SailPoint
10 2 (1.50%) Sass
10 2 (1.50%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 24 (18.05%) Greenfield Project
2 9 (6.77%) AS400
2 9 (6.77%) iSeries
2 9 (6.77%) LPAR
2 9 (6.77%) Mobile App
2 9 (6.77%) Replication
3 7 (5.26%) Virtual Team
4 5 (3.76%) Fixed Income
4 5 (3.76%) Self-Motivation
4 5 (3.76%) User Experience
5 2 (1.50%) Algorithms
5 2 (1.50%) Client/Server
5 2 (1.50%) Data Structures
5 2 (1.50%) Derivative
5 2 (1.50%) Equities
5 2 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 2 (1.50%) Management Information System
5 2 (1.50%) Reinsurance
6 1 (0.75%) BYOD
6 1 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 17 (12.78%) Apple iOS
2 4 (3.01%) Android
3 3 (2.26%) Linux
3 3 (2.26%) Windows
4 2 (1.50%) Unix
4 2 (1.50%) Windows Server
5 1 (0.75%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 69 (51.88%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (32.33%) DevOps
3 37 (27.82%) TDD
4 31 (23.31%) Continuous Improvement
4 31 (23.31%) Software Engineering
5 30 (22.56%) Continuous Integration
6 28 (21.05%) Mentoring
7 27 (20.30%) Business Intelligence
8 26 (19.55%) Analytics
8 26 (19.55%) Scaled Agile Framework
8 26 (19.55%) Test Automation
9 20 (15.04%) Project Delivery
10 19 (14.29%) Problem-Solving
11 18 (13.53%) Project Management
12 16 (12.03%) PRINCE2
12 16 (12.03%) Project Governance
13 15 (11.28%) BDD
13 15 (11.28%) Matrix Organization
14 14 (10.53%) Migration
15 13 (9.77%) Competitor Analysis
Programming Languages
1 38 (28.57%) JavaScript
2 26 (19.55%) PowerShell
3 25 (18.80%) C#
4 24 (18.05%) TypeScript
5 17 (12.78%) Java
6 14 (10.53%) SQL
7 10 (7.52%) Python
8 5 (3.76%) Apple Swift
9 3 (2.26%) Java 8
9 3 (2.26%) Kotlin
9 3 (2.26%) T-SQL
10 2 (1.50%) Bash Shell
10 2 (1.50%) C
10 2 (1.50%) PHP
10 2 (1.50%) Ruby
11 1 (0.75%) Clojure
11 1 (0.75%) ES6
11 1 (0.75%) F#
11 1 (0.75%) Go
11 1 (0.75%) Rust
Qualifications
1 12 (9.02%) PMP
2 8 (6.02%) Degree
3 7 (5.26%) Security Cleared
4 6 (4.51%) SC Cleared
5 3 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (1.50%) ISEB
6 2 (1.50%) MCSE
6 2 (1.50%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.75%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.75%) CTC Cleared
7 1 (0.75%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.75%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.75%) PhD
7 1 (0.75%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (4.51%) PMO
2 2 (1.50%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.75%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.75%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (0.75%) SLA
3 1 (0.75%) WCAG
System Software
1 25 (18.80%) Active Directory
2 9 (6.77%) PowerHA
3 2 (1.50%) Docker
3 2 (1.50%) Hyper-V
3 2 (1.50%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (1.50%) Virtual Servers
3 2 (1.50%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 7 (5.26%) Terraform
2 3 (2.26%) Ansible
2 3 (2.26%) Puppet
3 2 (1.50%) Kubernetes
3 2 (1.50%) SCOM
4 1 (0.75%) Cobbler
4 1 (0.75%) HP Quality Center
4 1 (0.75%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.75%) Packer
4 1 (0.75%) SCCM
Vendors
1 28 (21.05%) Microsoft
2 9 (6.77%) IBM
3 5 (3.76%) Splunk
4 4 (3.01%) SAP
5 3 (2.26%) Bloomberg
5 3 (2.26%) Oracle
6 2 (1.50%) FXall
6 2 (1.50%) Remedy
6 2 (1.50%) Rollbar
6 2 (1.50%) Tradeweb
6 2 (1.50%) VMware
7 1 (0.75%) AppDynamics
7 1 (0.75%) CA Agile Central
7 1 (0.75%) Guidewire
7 1 (0.75%) ION Trading
7 1 (0.75%) MarketAxess
7 1 (0.75%) Perfecto Mobile
7 1 (0.75%) StreamSets
7 1 (0.75%) Tealium
7 1 (0.75%) Xilinx