Period
to 21 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 21 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 48 59 62
Rank change year-on-year +11 +3 +10
Contract jobs citing QA 181 75 180
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 4.53% 3.61% 3.61%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 28.96% 30.49% 34.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 140 49 129
10th Percentile £325 £325 £319
25th Percentile £363 £410 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £498 £475 £515
Median % change year-on-year +4.74% -7.77% +8.42%
75th Percentile £600 £553 £575
90th Percentile £675 £638 £640
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £520
% change year-on-year +5.26% -8.65% +9.47%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £59.50 £17.50 -
Median hourly rate £61.00 £20.00 -
Median % change year-on-year +205.00% - -
75th Percentile £62.50 £22.50 -
90th Percentile - - -
Central London median hourly rate £61.00 £20.00 -
% change year-on-year +205.00% - -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 625 246 523
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 15.65% 11.83% 10.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 481 162 397
10th Percentile £350 £315 £300
25th Percentile £450 £408 £368
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +12.82% +2.63% -2.56%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
Central London median daily rate £550 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +12.82% +2.63% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 3 2
10th Percentile £19.00 £14.70 -
25th Percentile £28.00 £15.75 -
Median hourly rate £45.50 £20.00 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year +127.50% +21.21% -13.16%
75th Percentile £61.38 £22.25 -
90th Percentile £62.05 £22.40 -
Central London median hourly rate £45.50 £20.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year +127.50% +21.21% -13.16%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 69 (38.12%) Agile Software Development
2 53 (29.28%) SQL
3 51 (28.18%) Finance
4 38 (20.99%) Banking
5 37 (20.44%) JavaScript
6 36 (19.89%) Social Skills
7 34 (18.78%) Cucumber
8 32 (17.68%) Java
9 31 (17.13%) API Testing
10 30 (16.57%) REST
10 30 (16.57%) Test Automation
11 27 (14.92%) JIRA
12 26 (14.36%) Git (software)
13 25 (13.81%) DevOps
14 24 (13.26%) Jenkins
14 24 (13.26%) Selenium
14 24 (13.26%) Microsoft Excel
15 23 (12.71%) Oracle
15 23 (12.71%) Analytical Skills
16 22 (12.15%) .NET
16 22 (12.15%) C#
16 22 (12.15%) CI/CD
17 21 (11.60%) SQL Server
17 21 (11.60%) Data Analysis
18 20 (11.05%) Azure
19 19 (10.50%) User Acceptance Testing
19 19 (10.50%) Oracle Database
19 19 (10.50%) Scrum
20 18 (9.94%) HTML
21 17 (9.39%) Python

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (8.29%) SharePoint
2 8 (4.42%) Confluence
3 5 (2.76%) CMS
3 5 (2.76%) IIS
3 5 (2.76%) SAS
4 3 (1.66%) Jupyter
4 3 (1.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 2 (1.10%) Apache
5 2 (1.10%) Appian
5 2 (1.10%) JBoss
6 1 (0.55%) GeoServer
6 1 (0.55%) Magnolia
6 1 (0.55%) OpenStack
6 1 (0.55%) Oracle Workflow
6 1 (0.55%) WebSphere
Applications
1 24 (13.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (2.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (1.66%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (1.66%) MS Visio
4 2 (1.10%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.55%) InVision
5 1 (0.55%) Sketch
5 1 (0.55%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 1 (0.55%) Bloomberg TOMS
1 1 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.55%) Oracle FAH
1 1 (0.55%) Oracle General Ledger
1 1 (0.55%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 20 (11.05%) Azure
2 14 (7.73%) AWS
3 6 (3.31%) Power Platform
3 6 (3.31%) Serverless
4 5 (2.76%) SaaS
5 3 (1.66%) GitHub
5 3 (1.66%) IaaS
5 3 (1.66%) PaaS
6 2 (1.10%) AWS KMS
6 2 (1.10%) Azure Data Factory
6 2 (1.10%) GCP
6 2 (1.10%) Microsoft 365
6 2 (1.10%) OpenShift
7 1 (0.55%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (0.55%) Azure Functions
7 1 (0.55%) Datadog
7 1 (0.55%) npm
7 1 (0.55%) Power Automate
7 1 (0.55%) Snowflake
7 1 (0.55%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 5 (2.76%) Internet
2 1 (0.55%) 5G
2 1 (0.55%) HTTP
2 1 (0.55%) Intranet
2 1 (0.55%) Multicast
2 1 (0.55%) SD-WAN
2 1 (0.55%) TCP/IP
2 1 (0.55%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (11.60%) SQL Server
2 19 (10.50%) Oracle Database
3 11 (6.08%) Data Warehouse
4 6 (3.31%) Power BI
5 4 (2.21%) MongoDB
6 3 (1.66%) Data Lake
6 3 (1.66%) MySQL
6 3 (1.66%) NoSQL
6 3 (1.66%) Oracle Reports
6 3 (1.66%) Relational Database
6 3 (1.66%) Tableau
7 2 (1.10%) Data Mart
7 2 (1.10%) OLAP
7 2 (1.10%) OLTP
7 2 (1.10%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 1 (0.55%) Big Data
8 1 (0.55%) Data Mining
8 1 (0.55%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
8 1 (0.55%) KDB
8 1 (0.55%) SAP HANA
Development Applications
1 34 (18.78%) Cucumber
2 27 (14.92%) JIRA
3 26 (14.36%) Git (software)
4 24 (13.26%) Jenkins
4 24 (13.26%) Selenium
5 15 (8.29%) Postman
6 14 (7.73%) Cypress.io
7 13 (7.18%) Protractor
8 11 (6.08%) JMeter
9 9 (4.97%) Visual Studio
10 5 (2.76%) Bitbucket
11 4 (2.21%) JUnit
11 4 (2.21%) TeamCity
12 3 (1.66%) git-flow
12 3 (1.66%) jMock
12 3 (1.66%) Maven
12 3 (1.66%) Mockito
12 3 (1.66%) NUnit
12 3 (1.66%) SpecFlow
13 2 (1.10%) Gatling
General
1 51 (28.18%) Finance
2 38 (20.99%) Banking
3 36 (19.89%) Social Skills
4 23 (12.71%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (7.18%) Organisational Skills
6 12 (6.63%) Public Sector
7 10 (5.52%) Legal
8 9 (4.97%) Investment Banking
9 7 (3.87%) Law
10 6 (3.31%) Financial Institution
11 5 (2.76%) Front Office
12 4 (2.21%) Back Office
12 4 (2.21%) Documentation Skills
12 4 (2.21%) Retail
13 3 (1.66%) Pharmaceutical
14 2 (1.10%) Corporate Banking
14 2 (1.10%) Games
14 2 (1.10%) Influencing Skills
14 2 (1.10%) Marketing
14 2 (1.10%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 43 (23.76%) Analyst
2 31 (17.13%) Developer
3 15 (8.29%) Business Analyst
3 15 (8.29%) SharePoint Developer
4 14 (7.73%) C# Developer
5 13 (7.18%) Banking Analyst
5 13 (7.18%) Test Analyst
6 12 (6.63%) Tester
7 11 (6.08%) Architect
7 11 (6.08%) IT Analyst
7 11 (6.08%) IT Business Analyst
8 10 (5.52%) Banking Business Analyst
8 10 (5.52%) Business IT Analyst
9 8 (4.42%) QA Tester
10 7 (3.87%) QA Analyst
11 6 (3.31%) Consultant
11 6 (3.31%) Data Analyst
12 5 (2.76%) Manual Tester
12 5 (2.76%) Senior Analyst
12 5 (2.76%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (16.57%) REST
2 22 (12.15%) .NET
3 18 (9.94%) HTML
4 16 (8.84%) .NET Framework
4 16 (8.84%) CSS
5 15 (8.29%) XML
6 9 (4.97%) Web Services
7 8 (4.42%) RESTful
8 7 (3.87%) Node.js
9 6 (3.31%) JSON
10 5 (2.76%) AngularJS
10 5 (2.76%) FIX Protocol
10 5 (2.76%) Gherkin
10 5 (2.76%) Play Framework
10 5 (2.76%) Sass
11 4 (2.21%) ASP.NET
11 4 (2.21%) HTML5
11 4 (2.21%) jQuery
11 4 (2.21%) pytest
11 4 (2.21%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 15 (8.29%) Equities
2 14 (7.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 11 (6.08%) Greenfield Project
4 9 (4.97%) Mobile App
5 5 (2.76%) Fixed Income
6 4 (2.21%) Analytical Mindset
6 4 (2.21%) Derivative
6 4 (2.21%) User Experience
7 3 (1.66%) Credit Risk
7 3 (1.66%) Data Centre
7 3 (1.66%) Hedge funds
7 3 (1.66%) Market Risk
7 3 (1.66%) Reference Data
7 3 (1.66%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (1.10%) Hybrid Cloud
8 2 (1.10%) Management Information System
8 2 (1.10%) PKI
8 2 (1.10%) Public Cloud
8 2 (1.10%) Social Media
8 2 (1.10%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 6 (3.31%) Windows
2 5 (2.76%) Linux
3 4 (2.21%) Unix
4 3 (1.66%) Android
4 3 (1.66%) Apple iOS
5 2 (1.10%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.55%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.55%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 69 (38.12%) Agile Software Development
2 31 (17.13%) API Testing
3 30 (16.57%) Test Automation
4 25 (13.81%) DevOps
5 22 (12.15%) CI/CD
6 21 (11.60%) Data Analysis
7 19 (10.50%) Scrum
7 19 (10.50%) User Acceptance Testing
8 17 (9.39%) Problem-Solving
8 17 (9.39%) SDLC
8 17 (9.39%) TDD
9 15 (8.29%) Analytics
10 13 (7.18%) Business Intelligence
10 13 (7.18%) Microservices
10 13 (7.18%) Test Scripting
11 12 (6.63%) Continuous Integration
11 12 (6.63%) Manual Testing
11 12 (6.63%) Project Management
11 12 (6.63%) Software Engineering
11 12 (6.63%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 53 (29.28%) SQL
2 37 (20.44%) JavaScript
3 32 (17.68%) Java
4 22 (12.15%) C#
5 17 (9.39%) Python
6 16 (8.84%) VBA
7 15 (8.29%) VB
7 15 (8.29%) VB.NET
8 7 (3.87%) R
9 6 (3.31%) C
10 5 (2.76%) Scala
11 4 (2.21%) Java 8
11 4 (2.21%) PHP
11 4 (2.21%) T-SQL
12 2 (1.10%) PL/SQL
12 2 (1.10%) Ruby
12 2 (1.10%) TypeScript
13 1 (0.55%) Bash
13 1 (0.55%) Groovy
13 1 (0.55%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 11 (6.08%) Security Cleared
2 10 (5.52%) Degree
2 10 (5.52%) SC Cleared
3 6 (3.31%) ISTQB
4 3 (1.66%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (1.66%) ISEB
5 2 (1.10%) CISA
5 2 (1.10%) CISM
5 2 (1.10%) CISSP
5 2 (1.10%) CRISC
5 2 (1.10%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 2 (1.10%) Postgraduate
6 1 (0.55%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.55%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (3.87%) PMO
2 6 (3.31%) Accessibility
3 3 (1.66%) Data Quality
3 3 (1.66%) GDPR
3 3 (1.66%) WCAG
4 2 (1.10%) IFRS
4 2 (1.10%) P3O
4 2 (1.10%) SLA
5 1 (0.55%) COREP
5 1 (0.55%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.55%) EMIR
5 1 (0.55%) GAAP
5 1 (0.55%) MiFID
5 1 (0.55%) PSD2
5 1 (0.55%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.55%) Solvency II
System Software
1 15 (8.29%) Docker
2 1 (0.55%) GeoWebCache
Systems Management
1 6 (3.31%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.10%) Ansible
2 2 (1.10%) HP Quality Center
2 2 (1.10%) Puppet
2 2 (1.10%) Terraform
3 1 (0.55%) Cobbler
3 1 (0.55%) Control-M
3 1 (0.55%) HP ALM
3 1 (0.55%) Nagios
3 1 (0.55%) Packer
3 1 (0.55%) WebSphere Cast Iron
Vendors
1 23 (12.71%) Oracle
2 7 (3.87%) Microsoft
3 3 (1.66%) Databricks
3 3 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
4 2 (1.10%) Bloomberg
4 2 (1.10%) Citrix
4 2 (1.10%) SAP
5 1 (0.55%) Atlassian
5 1 (0.55%) Google
5 1 (0.55%) ION Trading
5 1 (0.55%) Kofax
5 1 (0.55%) MarketAxess
5 1 (0.55%) Micro Focus
5 1 (0.55%) New Relic
5 1 (0.55%) OpenText
5 1 (0.55%) Pega
5 1 (0.55%) Splunk
5 1 (0.55%) TOWER Software
5 1 (0.55%) Tradeweb
5 1 (0.55%) VMware