Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 70 68 57
Rank change year-on-year -2 -11 +6
Contract jobs citing QA 217 253 247
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.26% 3.57% 3.83%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 36.59% 33.82% 25.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 164 189 173
City of London median daily rate £483 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.58% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £320
90th Percentile £638 £628 £619
Central London median daily rate £475 £471 £475
% change year-on-year +0.85% -0.84% +10.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £38.78 - -
Central London median hourly rate £38.78 - -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 593 748 956
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 8.92% 10.56% 14.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 449 557 717
City of London median daily rate £500 £475 £501
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% -5.09% +5.37%
10th Percentile £325 £306 £319
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +5.26% -5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 13
City of London median hourly rate £18.58 £18.70 £14.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.64% +25.93% -32.50%
10th Percentile £11.38 £13.52 £13.00
90th Percentile £86.13 £62.75 £20.70
Central London median hourly rate £19.50 £20.10 £14.75
% change year-on-year -2.99% +36.27% -32.95%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 102 (47.00%) Agile Software Development
2 77 (35.48%) Test Automation
3 70 (32.26%) Finance
4 61 (28.11%) Java
5 49 (22.58%) Scrum
6 48 (22.12%) SQL
7 42 (19.35%) JavaScript
8 40 (18.43%) Selenium
9 37 (17.05%) User Acceptance Testing
10 36 (16.59%) C#
11 33 (15.21%) REST
12 32 (14.75%) BDD
12 32 (14.75%) Regression Testing
12 32 (14.75%) TDD
13 30 (13.82%) Cucumber
14 29 (13.36%) HTML
14 29 (13.36%) CSS
15 28 (12.90%) Banking
15 28 (12.90%) JIRA
16 27 (12.44%) .NET
17 25 (11.52%) Validation
17 25 (11.52%) Test Scripting
18 23 (10.60%) Continuous Improvement
18 23 (10.60%) Problem-Solving
19 22 (10.14%) AngularJS
19 22 (10.14%) Software Engineering
19 22 (10.14%) Web Services
20 21 (9.68%) Test Strategy
20 21 (9.68%) DevOps
20 21 (9.68%) Git (software)

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (4.15%) Confluence
2 8 (3.69%) CMS
3 4 (1.84%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 3 (1.38%) SharePoint
5 2 (0.92%) Apache
5 2 (0.92%) MS Project Server
5 2 (0.92%) Oracle Workflow
5 2 (0.92%) Sitecore CMS
5 2 (0.92%) Umbraco
6 1 (0.46%) Apache Solr
6 1 (0.46%) Apache Spark
6 1 (0.46%) Drupal
6 1 (0.46%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.46%) IIS
6 1 (0.46%) JBoss
6 1 (0.46%) Kentico
6 1 (0.46%) SilverStripe
6 1 (0.46%) Tomcat
Applications
1 8 (3.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.84%) Microsoft Project
2 4 (1.84%) MS Visio
3 3 (1.38%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.92%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.92%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.92%) Sketch
5 1 (0.46%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.46%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (3.69%) Oracle Financials
2 5 (2.30%) Actimize
3 4 (1.84%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (1.38%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.92%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 2 (0.92%) thinkFolio
6 1 (0.46%) CA PPM
6 1 (0.46%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.46%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.46%) SAP IBP
6 1 (0.46%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 18 (8.29%) Microsoft Azure
2 12 (5.53%) Amazon AWS
3 5 (2.30%) Office 365
4 4 (1.84%) Power Platform
5 3 (1.38%) Azure Active Directory
5 3 (1.38%) Dynamics 365
5 3 (1.38%) SaaS
6 2 (0.92%) Adobe Analytics
6 2 (0.92%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 2 (0.92%) Azure Data Factory
6 2 (0.92%) BlazeMeter
6 2 (0.92%) Google Analytics
6 2 (0.92%) Slack
7 1 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (0.46%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.46%) Google Cloud Platform
7 1 (0.46%) IaaS
7 1 (0.46%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.38%) HTTP
2 2 (0.92%) Firewall
3 1 (0.46%) Cisco IOS
3 1 (0.46%) DHCP
3 1 (0.46%) DNS
3 1 (0.46%) Internet
3 1 (0.46%) Intranet
3 1 (0.46%) SAN
3 1 (0.46%) SMS
3 1 (0.46%) TETRA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (7.37%) SQL Server
2 10 (4.61%) Oracle Reports
3 8 (3.69%) NoSQL
4 6 (2.76%) Data Warehouse
4 6 (2.76%) Relational Database
4 6 (2.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 4 (1.84%) MySQL
5 4 (1.84%) Power BI
6 3 (1.38%) Jackrabbit
6 3 (1.38%) MongoDB
7 2 (0.92%) Cosmos DB
7 2 (0.92%) Data Lake
7 2 (0.92%) MS Access
7 2 (0.92%) OLAP
7 2 (0.92%) Oracle Database
7 2 (0.92%) PostgreSQL
7 2 (0.92%) RDBMS
7 2 (0.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 1 (0.46%) Blockchain
8 1 (0.46%) InterSystems Cache
Development Applications
1 40 (18.43%) Selenium
2 30 (13.82%) Cucumber
3 28 (12.90%) JIRA
4 21 (9.68%) Git (software)
5 16 (7.37%) WebDriver
6 13 (5.99%) TeamCity
7 12 (5.53%) SpecFlow
8 11 (5.07%) Visual Studio Team System
9 10 (4.61%) Jenkins
9 10 (4.61%) Team Foundation Server
10 7 (3.23%) Fiddler
11 6 (2.76%) PhpStorm
12 5 (2.30%) JMeter
12 5 (2.30%) LoadRunner
12 5 (2.30%) Zephyr
13 4 (1.84%) HP UFT
13 4 (1.84%) WebStorm
14 3 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
15 2 (0.92%) NeoLoad
15 2 (0.92%) Ranorex
General
1 70 (32.26%) Finance
2 28 (12.90%) Banking
3 18 (8.29%) Retail
4 9 (4.15%) Financial Institution
5 8 (3.69%) Front Office
5 8 (3.69%) Law
6 7 (3.23%) Marketing
7 6 (2.76%) Investment Banking
8 3 (1.38%) Legal
9 2 (0.92%) Back Office
9 2 (0.92%) Electronics
9 2 (0.92%) Publishing
10 1 (0.46%) French Language
Job Titles
1 51 (23.50%) Developer
2 34 (15.67%) Analyst
3 25 (11.52%) QA Engineer
4 19 (8.76%) Business Analyst
4 19 (8.76%) Tester
5 15 (6.91%) Java Developer
6 14 (6.45%) QA Leader
7 10 (4.61%) Architect
8 9 (4.15%) Test Leader
9 8 (3.69%) Automation Engineer
9 8 (3.69%) Project Manager
9 8 (3.69%) QA Analyst
9 8 (3.69%) QA Automation Engineer
9 8 (3.69%) Test Analyst
10 7 (3.23%) Automation Tester
10 7 (3.23%) HTML Developer
10 7 (3.23%) Test Engineer
11 6 (2.76%) Test Manager
12 5 (2.30%) C# Developer
12 5 (2.30%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (15.21%) REST
2 29 (13.36%) CSS
2 29 (13.36%) HTML
3 27 (12.44%) .NET
4 22 (10.14%) AngularJS
4 22 (10.14%) Web Services
5 14 (6.45%) Spring
6 13 (5.99%) Middleware
6 13 (5.99%) React
7 12 (5.53%) Node.js
8 11 (5.07%) ASP.NET
8 11 (5.07%) SOAP
9 10 (4.61%) HTML5
9 10 (4.61%) RESTful
10 9 (4.15%) Spring Boot
11 7 (3.23%) Gherkin
11 7 (3.23%) GraphQL
11 7 (3.23%) JSON
12 6 (2.76%) Redux
12 6 (2.76%) WebKit
Miscellaneous
1 18 (8.29%) User Experience
2 17 (7.83%) Analytical Skills
3 14 (6.45%) Greenfield Project
4 13 (5.99%) Data Structures
5 11 (5.07%) Mobile App
6 7 (3.23%) Equities
6 7 (3.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (2.76%) Tandem
8 5 (2.30%) Derivative
8 5 (2.30%) Online Banking
8 5 (2.30%) SWIFT
9 4 (1.84%) Fixed Income
9 4 (1.84%) Self-Motivation
10 3 (1.38%) Algorithms
10 3 (1.38%) ASIC
10 3 (1.38%) NHS
10 3 (1.38%) Spread Betting
11 2 (0.92%) Enterprise Software
11 2 (0.92%) Mainframe
11 2 (0.92%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 13 (5.99%) Android
2 11 (5.07%) Apple iOS
3 8 (3.69%) Linux
4 6 (2.76%) Mac OS
5 5 (2.30%) Unix
5 5 (2.30%) Windows
6 3 (1.38%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.46%) Solaris
7 1 (0.46%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 102 (47.00%) Agile Software Development
2 77 (35.48%) Test Automation
3 49 (22.58%) Scrum
4 37 (17.05%) User Acceptance Testing
5 32 (14.75%) BDD
5 32 (14.75%) Regression Testing
5 32 (14.75%) TDD
6 25 (11.52%) Test Scripting
6 25 (11.52%) Validation
7 23 (10.60%) Continuous Improvement
7 23 (10.60%) Problem-Solving
8 22 (10.14%) Software Engineering
9 21 (9.68%) DevOps
9 21 (9.68%) Test Strategy
10 20 (9.22%) Continuous Integration
10 20 (9.22%) Microservices
10 20 (9.22%) QA Automation
11 19 (8.76%) Unit Testing
12 17 (7.83%) Fintech
12 17 (7.83%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 61 (28.11%) Java
2 48 (22.12%) SQL
3 42 (19.35%) JavaScript
4 36 (16.59%) C#
5 15 (6.91%) Python
6 10 (4.61%) Java 8
7 8 (3.69%) PHP
8 7 (3.23%) Perl
9 5 (2.30%) T-SQL
10 3 (1.38%) ES6
10 3 (1.38%) TypeScript
11 2 (0.92%) Kotlin
11 2 (0.92%) PL/SQL
11 2 (0.92%) Scala
12 1 (0.46%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.46%) Go
12 1 (0.46%) Shell Script
12 1 (0.46%) VB.NET
12 1 (0.46%) VBA
Qualifications
1 17 (7.83%) Degree
2 8 (3.69%) ACCA
2 8 (3.69%) Computer Science Degree
3 6 (2.76%) ISTQB
4 5 (2.30%) Master's Degree
5 2 (0.92%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.46%) CCNP
6 1 (0.46%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.46%) CSQA
6 1 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.46%) MBA
6 1 (0.46%) PMI Certification
6 1 (0.46%) SAFe Agilist
6 1 (0.46%) SC Cleared
6 1 (0.46%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.46%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (4.61%) SEPA
2 7 (3.23%) PMO
3 3 (1.38%) EMIR
3 3 (1.38%) MiFID
4 2 (0.92%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.46%) IFRS
5 1 (0.46%) NIST
5 1 (0.46%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.46%) PSD2
System Software
1 10 (4.61%) Docker
2 6 (2.76%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.46%) Virtual Servers
3 1 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 6 (2.76%) HP Quality Center
2 3 (1.38%) Terraform
3 2 (0.92%) CA Wily
3 2 (0.92%) Kubernetes
4 1 (0.46%) Ansible
4 1 (0.46%) Automic
4 1 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.46%) Puppet
Vendors
1 14 (6.45%) Oracle
2 13 (5.99%) Microsoft
3 9 (4.15%) HP
4 7 (3.23%) Salesforce.com
5 6 (2.76%) Adobe
6 5 (2.30%) Murex
7 4 (1.84%) InterSystems
8 3 (1.38%) Alteryx
8 3 (1.38%) CA
8 3 (1.38%) SAP
8 3 (1.38%) Sitecore
8 3 (1.38%) SnapLogic
9 2 (0.92%) AppDynamics
9 2 (0.92%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.92%) Citrix
9 2 (0.92%) Google
9 2 (0.92%) Pega
9 2 (0.92%) Sencha
9 2 (0.92%) ServiceNow
10 1 (0.46%) Omniture