Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 48 57 74
Rank change year-on-year +9 +17 -10
Contract jobs citing QA 113 152 224
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 4.56% 3.96% 3.33%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 37.42% 37.62% 39.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 64 102 164
10th Percentile £335 £318 £363
25th Percentile £413 £413 £422
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £509 £515 £500
Median % change year-on-year -1.21% +3.00% +3.63%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £588
90th Percentile £713 £625 £659
Central London median daily rate £488 £513 £498
% change year-on-year -4.88% +3.02% +4.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 5 2
10th Percentile " £31.34 £16.05
25th Percentile £17.50 £38.23 £19.13
Median hourly rate £20.00 £38.50 £26.39
Median % change year-on-year -48.05% +45.90% -
75th Percentile £22.50 £38.75 £35.76
90th Percentile " £52.25 £40.11
Central London median hourly rate £17.00 £38.50 £26.39
% change year-on-year -55.84% +45.90% -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 302 404 571
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 12.18% 10.52% 8.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 198 292 418
10th Percentile £338 £251 £313
25th Percentile £413 £375 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £485 £525
Median % change year-on-year +5.67% -7.62% +5.26%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £638 £641
Central London median daily rate £513 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +7.89% -5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 6 11
10th Percentile £14.05 £22.73 £12.50
25th Percentile £14.13 £29.62 £15.37
Median hourly rate £14.50 £38.48 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -62.31% +74.89% +46.67%
75th Percentile £18.63 £38.75 £25.50
90th Percentile £20.95 £50.00 £27.25
Central London median hourly rate £17.25 £38.48 £21.59
% change year-on-year -55.17% +78.21% +41.57%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 59 (52.21%) Agile Software Development
2 38 (33.63%) JavaScript
3 37 (32.74%) DevOps
4 36 (31.86%) Azure
5 33 (29.20%) Microsoft
6 32 (28.32%) TDD
6 32 (28.32%) Mentoring
7 31 (27.43%) Active Directory
8 30 (26.55%) Continuous Improvement
8 30 (26.55%) Analytics
8 30 (26.55%) Scaled Agile Framework
9 29 (25.66%) Greenfield Project
9 29 (25.66%) AngularJS
9 29 (25.66%) React
10 28 (24.78%) Azure Active Directory
10 28 (24.78%) Business Intelligence
10 28 (24.78%) SharePoint
10 28 (24.78%) SQL Server
10 28 (24.78%) Software Engineering
10 28 (24.78%) PowerShell
11 27 (23.89%) Continuous Integration
11 27 (23.89%) C#
11 27 (23.89%) .NET
11 27 (23.89%) TypeScript
11 27 (23.89%) Power BI
11 27 (23.89%) Power Platform
12 26 (23.01%) ASP.NET Core
12 26 (23.01%) Octopus Deploy
12 26 (23.01%) ASP.NET
13 21 (18.58%) Finance

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (24.78%) SharePoint
2 6 (5.31%) Confluence
3 5 (4.42%) Apache
4 4 (3.54%) Apache Spark
5 2 (1.77%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.88%) Anypoint
6 1 (0.88%) Appian
6 1 (0.88%) IIS
6 1 (0.88%) JBoss
6 1 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 15 (13.27%) Microsoft Project
2 13 (11.50%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (4.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (4.42%) MS Visio
4 2 (1.77%) AutoCAD
4 2 (1.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (1.77%) Revit
5 1 (0.88%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 1 (0.88%) Bloomberg TOMS
1 1 (0.88%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 36 (31.86%) Azure
2 28 (24.78%) Azure Active Directory
3 27 (23.89%) Power Platform
4 15 (13.27%) AWS
5 7 (6.19%) IaaS
6 5 (4.42%) Amazon EC2
7 4 (3.54%) GCP
8 3 (2.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 3 (2.65%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (2.65%) Serverless
9 2 (1.77%) BlazeMeter
9 2 (1.77%) GitHub
9 2 (1.77%) Microsoft 365
9 2 (1.77%) PaaS
9 2 (1.77%) SuccessFactors
10 1 (0.88%) Amazon SQS
10 1 (0.88%) AWS Step Functions
10 1 (0.88%) Route 53
10 1 (0.88%) Slack
10 1 (0.88%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 8 (7.08%) FTP
1 8 (7.08%) NAS
1 8 (7.08%) SAN
2 2 (1.77%) Wireless
3 1 (0.88%) 3GPP
3 1 (0.88%) 4G
3 1 (0.88%) 5G
3 1 (0.88%) DNS
3 1 (0.88%) Firewall
3 1 (0.88%) FIX Connectivity
3 1 (0.88%) HTTP
3 1 (0.88%) LAN
3 1 (0.88%) LTE
3 1 (0.88%) MIMO
3 1 (0.88%) MPLS
3 1 (0.88%) Radio Access Network
3 1 (0.88%) SD-WAN
3 1 (0.88%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 28 (24.78%) SQL Server
2 27 (23.89%) Power BI
3 8 (7.08%) DB2
4 5 (4.42%) NoSQL
5 4 (3.54%) Amazon RDS
5 4 (3.54%) Amazon Redshift
5 4 (3.54%) Big Data
5 4 (3.54%) Data Lake
5 4 (3.54%) Data Warehouse
5 4 (3.54%) Hadoop
5 4 (3.54%) Relational Database
6 2 (1.77%) SAP HANA
7 1 (0.88%) BusinessObjects
7 1 (0.88%) BusinessObjects Business Intelligence
7 1 (0.88%) BusinessObjects Dashboards
7 1 (0.88%) Crystal Reports
7 1 (0.88%) MySQL
7 1 (0.88%) PostgreSQL
7 1 (0.88%) SAP BW
7 1 (0.88%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 26 (23.01%) Octopus Deploy
2 18 (15.93%) JIRA
3 13 (11.50%) Selenium
4 9 (7.96%) Cucumber
5 8 (7.08%) Git (software)
6 6 (5.31%) Jenkins
7 4 (3.54%) Cypress.io
8 3 (2.65%) JUnit
8 3 (2.65%) Mocha
8 3 (2.65%) Postman
8 3 (2.65%) Ranorex
8 3 (2.65%) Team Foundation Server
8 3 (2.65%) WebDriver
9 2 (1.77%) Bitbucket
9 2 (1.77%) Eclipse
9 2 (1.77%) IntelliJ
9 2 (1.77%) jMock
9 2 (1.77%) Maven
9 2 (1.77%) NUnit
9 2 (1.77%) SoapUI
General
1 21 (18.58%) Finance
2 9 (7.96%) Banking
3 6 (5.31%) Legal
4 5 (4.42%) Law
5 3 (2.65%) Investment Banking
6 2 (1.77%) Advertising
6 2 (1.77%) Front Office
6 2 (1.77%) Games
6 2 (1.77%) Manufacturing
6 2 (1.77%) Marketing
6 2 (1.77%) Retail
6 2 (1.77%) Russian Language
7 1 (0.88%) Billing
7 1 (0.88%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.88%) French Language
7 1 (0.88%) General Ledger
7 1 (0.88%) Multimedia
7 1 (0.88%) Public Sector
7 1 (0.88%) Retail Banking
7 1 (0.88%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 23 (20.35%) Technical Leader
2 22 (19.47%) Developer
3 17 (15.04%) Analyst
4 11 (9.73%) Project Manager
5 7 (6.19%) Business Analyst
5 7 (6.19%) QA Engineer
6 5 (4.42%) Analyst Developer
6 5 (4.42%) PRINCE2 Project Manager
6 5 (4.42%) Principal Developer
6 5 (4.42%) QA Leader
7 4 (3.54%) AWS Engineer
7 4 (3.54%) Data Engineer
7 4 (3.54%) Full Stack Developer
7 4 (3.54%) QA Tester
7 4 (3.54%) Tester
8 3 (2.65%) Developer in Test
8 3 (2.65%) DevOps Engineer
8 3 (2.65%) SharePoint Analyst
8 3 (2.65%) SharePoint Developer
8 3 (2.65%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (25.66%) AngularJS
1 29 (25.66%) React
2 27 (23.89%) .NET
3 26 (23.01%) ASP.NET
3 26 (23.01%) ASP.NET Core
4 8 (7.08%) Middleware
5 6 (5.31%) HTML
6 5 (4.42%) Node.js
6 5 (4.42%) REST
7 4 (3.54%) CSS
7 4 (3.54%) Gherkin
8 3 (2.65%) Ruby on Rails
8 3 (2.65%) Web Services
9 2 (1.77%) GraphQL
9 2 (1.77%) jQuery
9 2 (1.77%) LDAP
9 2 (1.77%) SailPoint
9 2 (1.77%) Spring
9 2 (1.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 2 (1.77%) WebdriverIO
Miscellaneous
1 29 (25.66%) Greenfield Project
2 15 (13.27%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (7.08%) AS400
3 8 (7.08%) iSeries
3 8 (7.08%) LPAR
3 8 (7.08%) Replication
4 4 (3.54%) Mobile App
4 4 (3.54%) Virtual Team
5 3 (2.65%) Data Centre
5 3 (2.65%) Derivative
5 3 (2.65%) Equities
6 2 (1.77%) Fixed Income
6 2 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
6 2 (1.77%) User Experience
7 1 (0.88%) Algorithms
7 1 (0.88%) Data Structures
7 1 (0.88%) TWAP
7 1 (0.88%) Verilog
7 1 (0.88%) VHDL
7 1 (0.88%) VWAP
Operating Systems
1 11 (9.73%) Apple iOS
2 3 (2.65%) Linux
2 3 (2.65%) Windows
3 2 (1.77%) Android
3 2 (1.77%) Windows Server
4 1 (0.88%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 59 (52.21%) Agile Software Development
2 37 (32.74%) DevOps
3 32 (28.32%) Mentoring
3 32 (28.32%) TDD
4 30 (26.55%) Analytics
4 30 (26.55%) Continuous Improvement
4 30 (26.55%) Scaled Agile Framework
5 28 (24.78%) Business Intelligence
5 28 (24.78%) Software Engineering
6 27 (23.89%) Continuous Integration
7 18 (15.93%) Information Security
7 18 (15.93%) Project Management
7 18 (15.93%) Test Automation
8 16 (14.16%) Project Delivery
9 13 (11.50%) Competitor Analysis
9 13 (11.50%) Migration
9 13 (11.50%) Project Roadmap
10 11 (9.73%) Project Governance
11 10 (8.85%) Business Continuity
11 10 (8.85%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 38 (33.63%) JavaScript
2 28 (24.78%) PowerShell
3 27 (23.89%) C#
3 27 (23.89%) TypeScript
4 15 (13.27%) Java
5 13 (11.50%) Python
6 10 (8.85%) SQL
7 4 (3.54%) Ruby
8 2 (1.77%) BeanShell
8 2 (1.77%) C++
8 2 (1.77%) Java 8
8 2 (1.77%) Kotlin
9 1 (0.88%) Apple Swift
9 1 (0.88%) C
9 1 (0.88%) ES6
9 1 (0.88%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 9 (7.96%) Degree
1 9 (7.96%) SC Cleared
1 9 (7.96%) Security Cleared
2 5 (4.42%) PMP
3 4 (3.54%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (1.77%) BICSI Certification
4 2 (1.77%) BICSI RCDD
4 2 (1.77%) ISTQB
4 2 (1.77%) MCSE
4 2 (1.77%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.88%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.88%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.88%) PhD
5 1 (0.88%) SAFe Agilist
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.65%) PMO
2 2 (1.77%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.88%) SLA
System Software
1 31 (27.43%) Active Directory
2 8 (7.08%) PowerHA
3 2 (1.77%) Docker
3 2 (1.77%) Hyper-V
3 2 (1.77%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (1.77%) Virtual Servers
3 2 (1.77%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 5 (4.42%) Terraform
2 2 (1.77%) SCOM
3 1 (0.88%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.88%) SCCM
Vendors
1 33 (29.20%) Microsoft
2 8 (7.08%) IBM
3 7 (6.19%) SAP
4 4 (3.54%) Atlassian
4 4 (3.54%) Talend
5 3 (2.65%) Splunk
6 2 (1.77%) CyberArk
6 2 (1.77%) iManage
6 2 (1.77%) Okta
6 2 (1.77%) ServiceNow
6 2 (1.77%) VMware
7 1 (0.88%) Apple
7 1 (0.88%) Bloomberg
7 1 (0.88%) HP
7 1 (0.88%) Intel
7 1 (0.88%) Oracle
7 1 (0.88%) Remedy
7 1 (0.88%) Rollbar
7 1 (0.88%) Tradeweb
7 1 (0.88%) Xilinx