Period
to 23 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 23 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 65 65 57
Rank change year-on-year 0 -8 +8
Contract jobs citing QA 243 274 230
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.58% 3.82% 3.81%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 41.19% 32.58% 29.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 176 199 164
City of London median daily rate £483 £483 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.22% +8.76%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £319
90th Percentile £656 £625 £625
Central London median daily rate £475 £475 £475
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £26.39 - -
Central London median hourly rate £26.39 - -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 590 841 784
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 8.69% 11.71% 13.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 432 618 588
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £289 £313 £317
90th Percentile £649 £650 £688
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 12 9
City of London median hourly rate £22.50 £15.00 £14.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +50.00% +1.01% -47.43%
10th Percentile £16.19 £15.00 £13.50
90th Percentile £71.76 £66.50 £71.55
Central London median hourly rate £22.25 £15.00 £14.68
% change year-on-year +48.33% +2.21% -53.41%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 March 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 117 (48.15%) Agile Software Development
2 104 (42.80%) Test Automation
3 100 (41.15%) Finance
4 62 (25.51%) Selenium
5 58 (23.87%) Java
5 58 (23.87%) SQL
6 55 (22.63%) Scrum
6 55 (22.63%) BDD
7 49 (20.16%) Banking
8 47 (19.34%) JavaScript
8 47 (19.34%) Test Scripting
9 44 (18.11%) Validation
10 42 (17.28%) Analytical Skills
11 41 (16.87%) Cucumber
12 38 (15.64%) REST
12 38 (15.64%) TDD
13 37 (15.23%) Software Engineering
13 37 (15.23%) JIRA
14 36 (14.81%) Continuous Integration
15 35 (14.40%) C#
16 32 (13.17%) HTML
17 31 (12.76%) Integration Testing
18 30 (12.35%) DevOps
19 29 (11.93%) HP Quality Center
19 29 (11.93%) CSS
19 29 (11.93%) Web Services
20 27 (11.11%) HP
20 27 (11.11%) User Experience
20 27 (11.11%) API Testing
21 26 (10.70%) Problem-Solving

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (7.41%) Confluence
2 5 (2.06%) CMS
3 4 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
4 3 (1.23%) Apache Spark
4 3 (1.23%) SharePoint
5 2 (0.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 2 (0.82%) OpenStack
5 2 (0.82%) Sitecore CMS
5 2 (0.82%) Umbraco
5 2 (0.82%) WordPress
6 1 (0.41%) Apache
6 1 (0.41%) IIS
6 1 (0.41%) Jupyter
6 1 (0.41%) Kentico
6 1 (0.41%) Oracle Coherence
6 1 (0.41%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 7 (2.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.23%) Adobe Illustrator
2 3 (1.23%) Microsoft Project
3 2 (0.82%) InVision
3 2 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.82%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.82%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.41%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.41%) OmniGraffle
4 1 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (3.29%) Oracle Financials
2 4 (1.65%) Dynamics AX
3 3 (1.23%) Markit EDM
3 3 (1.23%) Oracle Retail
4 2 (0.82%) thinkFolio
5 1 (0.41%) 3000 Xtra
5 1 (0.41%) CA PPM
5 1 (0.41%) Loan IQ
5 1 (0.41%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 1 (0.41%) RMDS
5 1 (0.41%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.41%) SAP IBP
5 1 (0.41%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 13 (5.35%) Microsoft Azure
2 12 (4.94%) Amazon AWS
3 6 (2.47%) GitHub
4 3 (1.23%) Dynamics 365
4 3 (1.23%) SaaS
5 2 (0.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 2 (0.82%) BlazeMeter
5 2 (0.82%) Google Analytics
5 2 (0.82%) IaaS
5 2 (0.82%) Serverless
5 2 (0.82%) Slack
6 1 (0.41%) Adobe Analytics
6 1 (0.41%) Akamai
6 1 (0.41%) Amazon Kinesis
6 1 (0.41%) AWS CloudFormation
6 1 (0.41%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (0.41%) Google Cloud Platform
6 1 (0.41%) Office 365
6 1 (0.41%) PaaS
6 1 (0.41%) Rackspace Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.29%) HTTP
2 3 (1.23%) Internet
3 1 (0.41%) Cisco IOS
3 1 (0.41%) DHCP
3 1 (0.41%) DNS
3 1 (0.41%) Firewall
3 1 (0.41%) HTTPS
3 1 (0.41%) SAN
3 1 (0.41%) Skype
3 1 (0.41%) TETRA
3 1 (0.41%) VLAN
3 1 (0.41%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (4.94%) SQL Server
2 11 (4.53%) Oracle Reports
3 8 (3.29%) NoSQL
4 5 (2.06%) Data Warehouse
4 5 (2.06%) MongoDB
4 5 (2.06%) MySQL
5 4 (1.65%) PostgreSQL
5 4 (1.65%) Relational Database
6 3 (1.23%) Cosmos DB
6 3 (1.23%) Data Mining
6 3 (1.23%) KDB
6 3 (1.23%) RDBMS
7 2 (0.82%) Amazon Aurora
7 2 (0.82%) Amazon Redshift
7 2 (0.82%) Flink
7 2 (0.82%) Oracle Database
7 2 (0.82%) Power BI
8 1 (0.41%) Data Lake
8 1 (0.41%) Kdb+
8 1 (0.41%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 62 (25.51%) Selenium
2 41 (16.87%) Cucumber
3 37 (15.23%) JIRA
4 26 (10.70%) Jenkins
5 20 (8.23%) Git (software)
6 19 (7.82%) WebDriver
7 15 (6.17%) SpecFlow
8 12 (4.94%) SoapUI
9 10 (4.12%) Team Foundation Server
10 9 (3.70%) JMeter
10 9 (3.70%) TeamCity
11 8 (3.29%) Visual Studio Team System
11 8 (3.29%) Zephyr
12 7 (2.88%) HP UFT
13 6 (2.47%) Protractor
14 5 (2.06%) Appium
14 5 (2.06%) NeoLoad
14 5 (2.06%) PhpStorm
15 4 (1.65%) Eclipse
15 4 (1.65%) JUnit
General
1 100 (41.15%) Finance
2 49 (20.16%) Banking
3 18 (7.41%) Financial Institution
4 13 (5.35%) Retail
5 9 (3.70%) Front Office
6 8 (3.29%) Marketing
7 6 (2.47%) Investment Banking
8 5 (2.06%) Retail Banking
9 4 (1.65%) Games
9 4 (1.65%) Law
9 4 (1.65%) Legal
9 4 (1.65%) Publishing
10 2 (0.82%) Electronics
11 1 (0.41%) Back Office
11 1 (0.41%) French Language
Job Titles
1 63 (25.93%) Developer
2 34 (13.99%) Analyst
3 31 (12.76%) Tester
4 27 (11.11%) QA Engineer
5 18 (7.41%) Java Developer
5 18 (7.41%) Test Analyst
6 17 (7.00%) Test Engineer
7 14 (5.76%) QA Leader
8 13 (5.35%) Developer in Test
9 11 (4.53%) Automation Engineer
9 11 (4.53%) Full Stack Developer
9 11 (4.53%) QA Automation Engineer
9 11 (4.53%) QA Tester
10 10 (4.12%) Test Leader
11 9 (3.70%) Architect
11 9 (3.70%) Identity and Access Management Analyst
11 9 (3.70%) Identity Management Analyst
11 9 (3.70%) Software Developer
11 9 (3.70%) Systems Analyst
11 9 (3.70%) Systems Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (15.64%) REST
2 32 (13.17%) HTML
3 29 (11.93%) CSS
3 29 (11.93%) Web Services
4 25 (10.29%) .NET
5 24 (9.88%) AngularJS
6 22 (9.05%) Middleware
6 22 (9.05%) Node.js
7 19 (7.82%) RESTful
8 18 (7.41%) React
9 17 (7.00%) SOAP
10 15 (6.17%) Spring
11 14 (5.76%) HTML5
12 13 (5.35%) XML
13 12 (4.94%) JSON
14 11 (4.53%) Redux
15 7 (2.88%) Ajax
15 7 (2.88%) ASP.NET
15 7 (2.88%) GraphQL
15 7 (2.88%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 42 (17.28%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (11.11%) User Experience
3 19 (7.82%) Data Structures
4 17 (7.00%) Mobile App
5 13 (5.35%) Fintech
6 10 (4.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 10 (4.12%) Greenfield Project
6 10 (4.12%) Self-Motivation
7 7 (2.88%) Algorithms
8 6 (2.47%) Equities
9 5 (2.06%) Fixed Income
10 4 (1.65%) Management Information System
10 4 (1.65%) SWIFT
11 3 (1.23%) Derivative
11 3 (1.23%) Mainframe
11 3 (1.23%) NHS
12 2 (0.82%) Data Centre
12 2 (0.82%) Hedge funds
12 2 (0.82%) Private Cloud
12 2 (0.82%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 12 (4.94%) Android
1 12 (4.94%) Linux
2 11 (4.53%) Unix
3 8 (3.29%) Apple iOS
4 6 (2.47%) Mac OS
5 5 (2.06%) Windows
6 2 (0.82%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 117 (48.15%) Agile Software Development
2 104 (42.80%) Test Automation
3 55 (22.63%) BDD
3 55 (22.63%) Scrum
4 47 (19.34%) Test Scripting
5 44 (18.11%) Validation
6 38 (15.64%) TDD
7 37 (15.23%) Software Engineering
8 36 (14.81%) Continuous Integration
9 31 (12.76%) Integration Testing
10 30 (12.35%) DevOps
11 27 (11.11%) API Testing
12 26 (10.70%) Problem-Solving
13 24 (9.88%) User Acceptance Testing
14 23 (9.47%) QA Automation
14 23 (9.47%) SDET
15 22 (9.05%) Microservices
15 22 (9.05%) Software Testing
16 21 (8.64%) Regression Testing
17 20 (8.23%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 58 (23.87%) Java
1 58 (23.87%) SQL
2 47 (19.34%) JavaScript
3 35 (14.40%) C#
4 19 (7.82%) Python
5 8 (3.29%) PL/SQL
6 7 (2.88%) PHP
7 6 (2.47%) Java 8
7 6 (2.47%) Perl
8 3 (1.23%) Kotlin
8 3 (1.23%) Ruby
8 3 (1.23%) Shell Script
8 3 (1.23%) TypeScript
9 2 (0.82%) Bash Shell
9 2 (0.82%) C
9 2 (0.82%) ES6
9 2 (0.82%) R
10 1 (0.41%) C++
10 1 (0.41%) PowerShell
10 1 (0.41%) Scala
Qualifications
1 17 (7.00%) Degree
2 10 (4.12%) ACCA
3 7 (2.88%) ISTQB
4 2 (0.82%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.82%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
4 2 (0.82%) Master's Degree
4 2 (0.82%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.82%) Security Cleared
5 1 (0.41%) CCNP
5 1 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.41%) CSQA
5 1 (0.41%) PMI Certification
5 1 (0.41%) SAFe Agilist
5 1 (0.41%) TOGAF Certification
5 1 (0.41%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (9.88%) SEPA
2 7 (2.88%) Data Quality
3 6 (2.47%) PMO
4 5 (2.06%) PSD2
5 4 (1.65%) TARGET2
6 3 (1.23%) MiFID
7 1 (0.41%) EMIR
7 1 (0.41%) IFRS
System Software
1 9 (3.70%) Docker
2 2 (0.82%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.41%) vSphere
3 1 (0.41%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 29 (11.93%) HP Quality Center
2 5 (2.06%) Kibana
3 4 (1.65%) logstash
4 3 (1.23%) Ansible
4 3 (1.23%) Terraform
5 2 (0.82%) CA Wily
5 2 (0.82%) Kubernetes
5 2 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (0.82%) Puppet
6 1 (0.41%) Automic
6 1 (0.41%) Capistrano
6 1 (0.41%) HP ALM
6 1 (0.41%) Rundeck
6 1 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
6 1 (0.41%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 27 (11.11%) HP
2 18 (7.41%) Oracle
3 10 (4.12%) Microsoft
4 6 (2.47%) Salesforce.com
5 5 (2.06%) Murex
6 4 (1.65%) Cadence
6 4 (1.65%) Perfecto Mobile
7 3 (1.23%) Adobe
7 3 (1.23%) CA
7 3 (1.23%) New Relic
7 3 (1.23%) Rackspace
7 3 (1.23%) SAP
8 2 (0.82%) AppDynamics
8 2 (0.82%) hybris
8 2 (0.82%) Optimizely
8 2 (0.82%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
8 2 (0.82%) Sitecore
8 2 (0.82%) TOWER Software
8 2 (0.82%) VMware
9 1 (0.41%) Hotjar