Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 68 54 70
Rank change year-on-year -14 +16 -15
Contract jobs citing QA 259 316 222
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.63% 4.40% 3.41%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 40.85% 33.76% 28.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 204 246 165
City of London median daily rate £475 £484 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.81% +1.84% +11.76%
10th Percentile £303 £313 £331
90th Percentile £625 £625 £611
Central London median daily rate £475 £475 £481
% change year-on-year - -1.30% +13.24%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
City of London median hourly rate £14.00 - £20.00
Central London median hourly rate £14.00 - £20.00

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 634 936 767
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 8.88% 13.02% 11.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 484 745 593
City of London median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £273 £313 £313
90th Percentile £646 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £475 £488 £475
% change year-on-year -2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 12 5
City of London median hourly rate £18.85 £15.00 £46.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.67% -67.74% +111.36%
10th Percentile £14.00 £15.00 £17.60
90th Percentile £26.73 £26.23 £135.55
Central London median hourly rate £18.85 £15.00 £46.50
% change year-on-year +25.67% -67.74% +111.36%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the City of London region over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 1 £160 -
QA
Central London

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 136 (52.51%) Agile Software Development
2 115 (44.40%) Test Automation
3 97 (37.45%) Finance
4 67 (25.87%) Selenium
5 65 (25.10%) Java
6 56 (21.62%) BDD
7 54 (20.85%) JavaScript
8 52 (20.08%) TDD
9 51 (19.69%) Scrum
10 47 (18.15%) SQL
11 40 (15.44%) JIRA
12 38 (14.67%) Test Scripting
13 37 (14.29%) .NET
13 37 (14.29%) C#
14 36 (13.90%) Software Engineering
14 36 (13.90%) Analytical Skills
15 35 (13.51%) Jenkins
15 35 (13.51%) Banking
15 35 (13.51%) Continuous Integration
16 33 (12.74%) Problem-Solving
17 32 (12.36%) HTML
18 29 (11.20%) CSS
19 27 (10.42%) Python
19 27 (10.42%) User Experience
20 26 (10.04%) HP Quality Center
21 25 (9.65%) Cucumber
21 25 (9.65%) DevOps
22 24 (9.27%) WebDriver
23 23 (8.88%) Validation
24 22 (8.49%) Integration Testing

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 16 (6.18%) Confluence
2 12 (4.63%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (2.70%) Apache Spark
4 6 (2.32%) CMS
5 5 (1.93%) WordPress
6 3 (1.16%) NServiceBus
7 2 (0.77%) IIS
8 1 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 1 (0.39%) Apache Airflow
8 1 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
8 1 (0.39%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.39%) Luigi
8 1 (0.39%) Mule
8 1 (0.39%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.39%) Oracle Service Bus
8 1 (0.39%) SAS
8 1 (0.39%) Umbraco
Applications
1 6 (2.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 3 (1.16%) Microsoft Project
2 3 (1.16%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.77%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (0.77%) InVision
4 1 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (1.16%) Dynamics AX
1 3 (1.16%) Oracle Retail
1 3 (1.16%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.39%) 3000 Xtra
2 1 (0.39%) Elite 3E
2 1 (0.39%) Markit EDM
2 1 (0.39%) Oracle Payables
2 1 (0.39%) RMDS
2 1 (0.39%) thinkFolio
2 1 (0.39%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 14 (5.41%) Amazon AWS
1 14 (5.41%) Microsoft Azure
2 8 (3.09%) GitHub
3 3 (1.16%) SaaS
3 3 (1.16%) Trello
4 2 (0.77%) Dynamics 365
4 2 (0.77%) IaaS
4 2 (0.77%) npm
4 2 (0.77%) PaaS
4 2 (0.77%) Serverless
5 1 (0.39%) Amazon EMR
5 1 (0.39%) Amazon Kinesis
5 1 (0.39%) Basecamp
5 1 (0.39%) BlazeMeter
5 1 (0.39%) BrowserStack
5 1 (0.39%) Cloudflare
5 1 (0.39%) Google Cloud Platform
5 1 (0.39%) Salesforce Service Cloud
5 1 (0.39%) Sauce Labs
5 1 (0.39%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 11 (4.25%) HTTP
1 11 (4.25%) Internet
2 3 (1.16%) Skype
3 2 (0.77%) AMQP
3 2 (0.77%) VLAN
3 2 (0.77%) VSAN
4 1 (0.39%) BGP
4 1 (0.39%) FTP
4 1 (0.39%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.39%) IPFIX
4 1 (0.39%) Junos
4 1 (0.39%) MPLS
4 1 (0.39%) MQTT
4 1 (0.39%) MRTG
4 1 (0.39%) OSPF
4 1 (0.39%) SNMP
4 1 (0.39%) TACACS
4 1 (0.39%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (5.41%) NoSQL
2 13 (5.02%) SQL Server
3 11 (4.25%) PostgreSQL
4 9 (3.47%) Data Warehouse
5 8 (3.09%) MongoDB
5 8 (3.09%) MySQL
6 7 (2.70%) Big Data
7 5 (1.93%) Hadoop
8 4 (1.54%) Relational Database
9 3 (1.16%) Apache Cassandra
9 3 (1.16%) Cosmos DB
9 3 (1.16%) Data Mining
9 3 (1.16%) Flink
9 3 (1.16%) HBase
9 3 (1.16%) Sqoop
10 2 (0.77%) Apache Hive
10 2 (0.77%) Oracle Database 11g
10 2 (0.77%) Oracle Reports
10 2 (0.77%) Redis
10 2 (0.77%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 67 (25.87%) Selenium
2 40 (15.44%) JIRA
3 35 (13.51%) Jenkins
4 25 (9.65%) Cucumber
5 24 (9.27%) WebDriver
6 21 (8.11%) Team Foundation Server
7 20 (7.72%) Git (software)
7 20 (7.72%) SpecFlow
8 15 (5.79%) Appium
9 11 (4.25%) Visual Studio
10 10 (3.86%) JMeter
10 10 (3.86%) SoapUI
11 8 (3.09%) Maven
12 7 (2.70%) GitLab
12 7 (2.70%) Gradle
12 7 (2.70%) JUnit
12 7 (2.70%) Mockito
13 6 (2.32%) TeamCity
14 5 (1.93%) HP UFT
14 5 (1.93%) TestDirector
General
1 97 (37.45%) Finance
2 35 (13.51%) Banking
3 14 (5.41%) Marketing
4 13 (5.02%) Retail
5 9 (3.47%) Financial Institution
6 7 (2.70%) Law
7 6 (2.32%) Games
7 6 (2.32%) Retail Banking
8 5 (1.93%) Front Office
9 4 (1.54%) Investment Banking
10 3 (1.16%) Advertising
10 3 (1.16%) Legal
10 3 (1.16%) Multimedia
10 3 (1.16%) Publishing
11 1 (0.39%) Back Office
11 1 (0.39%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 61 (23.55%) Developer
2 36 (13.90%) Analyst
2 36 (13.90%) QA Engineer
3 34 (13.13%) Tester
4 21 (8.11%) Test Engineer
5 16 (6.18%) Java Developer
5 16 (6.18%) QA Tester
6 15 (5.79%) QA Automation Engineer
7 14 (5.41%) Test Analyst
8 12 (4.63%) QA Analyst
9 11 (4.25%) .NET Developer
9 11 (4.25%) QA Test Engineer
10 10 (3.86%) Test Automation Engineer
11 9 (3.47%) Automation Engineer
11 9 (3.47%) Automation Tester
11 9 (3.47%) Payments Tester
11 9 (3.47%) QA Leader
12 8 (3.09%) C# Developer
12 8 (3.09%) Developer in Test
12 8 (3.09%) Test Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (14.29%) .NET
2 32 (12.36%) HTML
3 29 (11.20%) CSS
4 20 (7.72%) Node.js
4 20 (7.72%) RESTful
5 19 (7.34%) REST
6 18 (6.95%) JSON
6 18 (6.95%) React
7 17 (6.56%) Web Services
8 16 (6.18%) Spring
9 15 (5.79%) AngularJS
9 15 (5.79%) HTML5
9 15 (5.79%) Redux
10 14 (5.41%) XML
11 11 (4.25%) React Native
11 11 (4.25%) Sass
12 9 (3.47%) ASP.NET
12 9 (3.47%) CSS3
13 8 (3.09%) jQuery
13 8 (3.09%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 36 (13.90%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (10.42%) User Experience
3 21 (8.11%) Greenfield Project
4 20 (7.72%) Mobile App
5 13 (5.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 9 (3.47%) Algorithms
6 9 (3.47%) Fintech
6 9 (3.47%) Self-Motivation
6 9 (3.47%) SWIFT
7 7 (2.70%) Data Structures
8 5 (1.93%) Data Centre
8 5 (1.93%) Derivative
8 5 (1.93%) Hedge funds
8 5 (1.93%) PACS
9 4 (1.54%) Fixed Income
9 4 (1.54%) Internet of Things
9 4 (1.54%) Management Information System
9 4 (1.54%) Virtual Team
10 3 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
10 3 (1.16%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 18 (6.95%) Unix
2 16 (6.18%) Android
3 14 (5.41%) Linux
4 13 (5.02%) Apple iOS
5 6 (2.32%) Windows
6 3 (1.16%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.77%) CentOS
7 2 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.39%) Debian
8 1 (0.39%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.39%) tvOS
8 1 (0.39%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 136 (52.51%) Agile Software Development
2 115 (44.40%) Test Automation
3 56 (21.62%) BDD
4 52 (20.08%) TDD
5 51 (19.69%) Scrum
6 38 (14.67%) Test Scripting
7 36 (13.90%) Software Engineering
8 35 (13.51%) Continuous Integration
9 33 (12.74%) Problem-Solving
10 25 (9.65%) DevOps
11 23 (8.88%) Validation
12 22 (8.49%) Integration Testing
12 22 (8.49%) SDET
13 21 (8.11%) Microservices
14 20 (7.72%) API Testing
15 19 (7.34%) Functional Testing
15 19 (7.34%) Test Strategy
15 19 (7.34%) Unit Testing
15 19 (7.34%) User Acceptance Testing
16 18 (6.95%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 65 (25.10%) Java
2 54 (20.85%) JavaScript
3 47 (18.15%) SQL
4 37 (14.29%) C#
5 27 (10.42%) Python
6 9 (3.47%) PL/SQL
6 9 (3.47%) TypeScript
7 8 (3.09%) C
7 8 (3.09%) PHP
8 7 (2.70%) C++
8 7 (2.70%) ES6
9 6 (2.32%) Kotlin
9 6 (2.32%) Ruby
9 6 (2.32%) Scala
10 5 (1.93%) ES7
10 5 (1.93%) R
10 5 (1.93%) T-SQL
11 4 (1.54%) Apple Swift
11 4 (1.54%) Bash Shell
11 4 (1.54%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 13 (5.02%) Degree
2 5 (1.93%) ISTQB
2 5 (1.93%) Security Cleared
3 4 (1.54%) ISEB
3 4 (1.54%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
3 4 (1.54%) SC Cleared
4 3 (1.16%) Numerate Degree
4 3 (1.16%) PhD
5 2 (0.77%) ACCA
5 2 (0.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.39%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.39%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.39%) Siebel Certification
6 1 (0.39%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (6.95%) SEPA
2 10 (3.86%) Data Quality
3 4 (1.54%) GDPR
3 4 (1.54%) PSD2
3 4 (1.54%) TARGET2
4 3 (1.16%) MiFID
5 1 (0.39%) PMO
5 1 (0.39%) WCAG
System Software
1 20 (7.72%) Docker
2 4 (1.54%) XenDesktop
3 3 (1.16%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.77%) Microsoft App-V
4 2 (0.77%) vSphere
4 2 (0.77%) XenApp
5 1 (0.39%) KVM
5 1 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.39%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 26 (10.04%) HP Quality Center
2 12 (4.63%) Ansible
3 10 (3.86%) Kubernetes
4 6 (2.32%) Kibana
4 6 (2.32%) logstash
5 5 (1.93%) Puppet
6 4 (1.54%) Capistrano
7 3 (1.16%) HP ALM
7 3 (1.16%) Terraform
8 2 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.77%) Salt
9 1 (0.39%) collectd
9 1 (0.39%) Consul
9 1 (0.39%) Grafana
9 1 (0.39%) Graphite
9 1 (0.39%) Icinga
9 1 (0.39%) Observium
9 1 (0.39%) Packer
9 1 (0.39%) Prometheus
9 1 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 20 (7.72%) HP
2 15 (5.79%) Oracle
3 11 (4.25%) Microsoft
4 5 (1.93%) Cadence
4 5 (1.93%) Citrix
4 5 (1.93%) FIS
4 5 (1.93%) SAP
4 5 (1.93%) VMware
5 4 (1.54%) Atlassian
5 4 (1.54%) Perfecto Mobile
5 4 (1.54%) Talend
6 3 (1.16%) Adobe
6 3 (1.16%) Apple
6 3 (1.16%) Google
6 3 (1.16%) Hortonworks
6 3 (1.16%) hybris
6 3 (1.16%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
6 3 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
7 2 (0.77%) Rackspace
7 2 (0.77%) Samsung