Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 61 51 77
Rank change year-on-year -10 +26 -16
Contract jobs citing QA 135 67 189
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.47% 3.75% 3.18%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 27.11% 34.54% 31.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 101 43 133
10th Percentile £325 £326 £316
25th Percentile £356 £419 £366
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.15%
75th Percentile £625 £551 £575
90th Percentile £700 £613 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £470
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.38% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 0
Median hourly rate £27.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £25.50 - -

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 498 194 596
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 12.81% 10.87% 10.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 374 126 443
10th Percentile £343 £311 £313
25th Percentile £450 £413 £392
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.50% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £712 £650 £680
Central London median daily rate £535 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +7.00% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 2 4
10th Percentile £17.95 £15.70 £13.18
25th Percentile £23.25 £16.75 £15.31
Median hourly rate £28.50 £18.50 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year +54.05% +12.12% -3.08%
75th Percentile £47.00 £20.25 £17.44
90th Percentile £77.70 £21.30 £19.13
Central London median hourly rate £27.00 £18.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +45.95% +12.12% -3.08%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for QA in the City of London

QA
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for QA in the City of London

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for QA in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for QA.

1 58 (42.96%) Agile Software Development
2 44 (32.59%) Finance
3 38 (28.15%) SQL
4 36 (26.67%) Social Skills
5 32 (23.70%) Test Automation
6 30 (22.22%) DevOps
7 22 (16.30%) Banking
7 22 (16.30%) Azure
8 21 (15.56%) TDD
9 20 (14.81%) JIRA
9 20 (14.81%) Oracle
9 20 (14.81%) SQL Server
9 20 (14.81%) Problem-Solving
10 19 (14.07%) C#
10 19 (14.07%) Java
10 19 (14.07%) JavaScript
11 18 (13.33%) Microsoft Excel
11 18 (13.33%) BDD
12 17 (12.59%) Git (software)
12 17 (12.59%) .NET
12 17 (12.59%) Data Analysis
13 16 (11.85%) Cucumber
13 16 (11.85%) Oracle Database
14 15 (11.11%) Software Engineering
15 14 (10.37%) Jenkins
15 14 (10.37%) Continuous Integration
15 14 (10.37%) AWS
16 13 (9.63%) Analytics
16 13 (9.63%) Scrum
16 13 (9.63%) Selenium

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (8.89%) SharePoint
2 4 (2.96%) Confluence
3 3 (2.22%) CMS
4 2 (1.48%) IIS
4 2 (1.48%) OpenStack
5 1 (0.74%) GeoServer
5 1 (0.74%) Jupyter
5 1 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (0.74%) Oracle Workflow
5 1 (0.74%) SAS
5 1 (0.74%) WebSphere
Applications
1 18 (13.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (5.93%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (4.44%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (2.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.74%) Figma
5 1 (0.74%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.74%) Oracle FAH
1 1 (0.74%) Oracle General Ledger
1 1 (0.74%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
1 1 (0.74%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 22 (16.30%) Azure
2 14 (10.37%) AWS
3 7 (5.19%) Serverless
4 5 (3.70%) IaaS
5 4 (2.96%) GitHub
5 4 (2.96%) Power Platform
6 2 (1.48%) Amazon S3
6 2 (1.48%) AWS KMS
6 2 (1.48%) AWS Lambda
6 2 (1.48%) GCP
6 2 (1.48%) SaaS
7 1 (0.74%) Adobe Analytics
7 1 (0.74%) BrowserStack
7 1 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.74%) Datadog
7 1 (0.74%) Dynamics 365
7 1 (0.74%) Microsoft 365
7 1 (0.74%) OpenShift
7 1 (0.74%) Sauce Labs
7 1 (0.74%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 1 (0.74%) FTP
1 1 (0.74%) HTTP
1 1 (0.74%) Intranet
1 1 (0.74%) Kerberos
1 1 (0.74%) NAS
1 1 (0.74%) SAN
1 1 (0.74%) SD-WAN
1 1 (0.74%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (14.81%) SQL Server
2 16 (11.85%) Oracle Database
3 10 (7.41%) Data Warehouse
4 5 (3.70%) NoSQL
5 4 (2.96%) MongoDB
5 4 (2.96%) Power BI
5 4 (2.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 3 (2.22%) Data Lake
6 3 (2.22%) Oracle Reports
7 2 (1.48%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
7 2 (1.48%) Azure SQL Database
7 2 (1.48%) Big Data
7 2 (1.48%) Tableau
8 1 (0.74%) Dremio
8 1 (0.74%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
8 1 (0.74%) Relational Database
8 1 (0.74%) SQL Server 2017
8 1 (0.74%) SQL Server 2019
8 1 (0.74%) Tableau Desktop
8 1 (0.74%) Tableau Server
Development Applications
1 20 (14.81%) JIRA
2 17 (12.59%) Git (software)
3 16 (11.85%) Cucumber
4 14 (10.37%) Jenkins
5 13 (9.63%) Selenium
6 8 (5.93%) Postman
7 7 (5.19%) SpecFlow
7 7 (5.19%) Visual Studio
8 5 (3.70%) Bitbucket
8 5 (3.70%) Maven
9 4 (2.96%) JUnit
9 4 (2.96%) Protractor
10 3 (2.22%) Cypress.io
10 3 (2.22%) git-flow
10 3 (2.22%) Mockito
10 3 (2.22%) TeamCity
11 2 (1.48%) Mocha
11 2 (1.48%) NUnit
11 2 (1.48%) RSpec
11 2 (1.48%) SoapUI
General
1 44 (32.59%) Finance
2 36 (26.67%) Social Skills
3 22 (16.30%) Banking
4 11 (8.15%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (5.93%) Influencing Skills
5 8 (5.93%) Investment Banking
6 7 (5.19%) Retail
7 6 (4.44%) Legal
7 6 (4.44%) Public Sector
8 5 (3.70%) Documentation Skills
9 4 (2.96%) Financial Institution
9 4 (2.96%) Marketing
10 3 (2.22%) Front Office
10 3 (2.22%) General Ledger
10 3 (2.22%) Law
10 3 (2.22%) Organisational Skills
10 3 (2.22%) Presentation Skills
11 1 (0.74%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.74%) Police
11 1 (0.74%) Polish Language
Job Titles
1 23 (17.04%) Analyst
1 23 (17.04%) Developer
2 12 (8.89%) SharePoint Developer
3 10 (7.41%) Business Analyst
3 10 (7.41%) C# Developer
4 9 (6.67%) Test Leader
4 9 (6.67%) Tester
5 8 (5.93%) Consultant
6 7 (5.19%) Project Manager
7 6 (4.44%) QA Tester
7 6 (4.44%) Test Engineer
8 5 (3.70%) Architect
8 5 (3.70%) Governance Analyst
8 5 (3.70%) Product Analyst
8 5 (3.70%) Product Business Analyst
8 5 (3.70%) QA Analyst
8 5 (3.70%) Test Analyst
9 4 (2.96%) DevOps Engineer
9 4 (2.96%) Finance Project Manager
9 4 (2.96%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (12.59%) .NET
2 12 (8.89%) .NET Framework
3 10 (7.41%) Gherkin
3 10 (7.41%) HTML
3 10 (7.41%) Node.js
3 10 (7.41%) REST
4 7 (5.19%) CSS
4 7 (5.19%) RESTful
5 6 (4.44%) Web Services
6 5 (3.70%) AngularJS
6 5 (3.70%) HTML5
7 4 (2.96%) FIX Protocol
7 4 (2.96%) JSON
7 4 (2.96%) pytest
7 4 (2.96%) Spring
7 4 (2.96%) Swagger
7 4 (2.96%) Vue.js
8 3 (2.22%) GraphQL
8 3 (2.22%) React
9 2 (1.48%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 7 (5.19%) Self-Motivation
2 5 (3.70%) Fixed Income
2 5 (3.70%) Mobile App
2 5 (3.70%) User Experience
3 4 (2.96%) Equities
3 4 (2.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 3 (2.22%) Hedge funds
4 3 (2.22%) Virtual Team
5 2 (1.48%) Credit Risk
5 2 (1.48%) Greenfield Project
5 2 (1.48%) Hybrid Cloud
5 2 (1.48%) Linux Command Line
5 2 (1.48%) N-Tier
5 2 (1.48%) PKI
5 2 (1.48%) Public Cloud
5 2 (1.48%) Reference Data
6 1 (0.74%) Derivative
6 1 (0.74%) iSeries
6 1 (0.74%) LPAR
6 1 (0.74%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 7 (5.19%) Apple iOS
2 3 (2.22%) Windows
3 2 (1.48%) Android
3 2 (1.48%) Linux
3 2 (1.48%) Ubuntu
3 2 (1.48%) Unix
4 1 (0.74%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 58 (42.96%) Agile Software Development
2 32 (23.70%) Test Automation
3 30 (22.22%) DevOps
4 21 (15.56%) TDD
5 20 (14.81%) Problem-Solving
6 18 (13.33%) BDD
7 17 (12.59%) Data Analysis
8 15 (11.11%) Software Engineering
9 14 (10.37%) Continuous Integration
10 13 (9.63%) Analytics
10 13 (9.63%) Scrum
11 12 (8.89%) Regression Testing
12 11 (8.15%) Microservices
12 11 (8.15%) SDLC
13 10 (7.41%) Project Delivery
13 10 (7.41%) Requirements Gathering
13 10 (7.41%) Test Scripting
13 10 (7.41%) Test Strategy
14 9 (6.67%) Disaster Recovery
14 9 (6.67%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 38 (28.15%) SQL
2 19 (14.07%) C#
2 19 (14.07%) Java
2 19 (14.07%) JavaScript
3 13 (9.63%) VBA
4 12 (8.89%) Python
4 12 (8.89%) VB
4 12 (8.89%) VB.NET
5 7 (5.19%) T-SQL
6 4 (2.96%) Apple Swift
6 4 (2.96%) PHP
7 3 (2.22%) Ruby
8 2 (1.48%) Bash Shell
8 2 (1.48%) C
8 2 (1.48%) Go
8 2 (1.48%) Java 8
8 2 (1.48%) PL/SQL
8 2 (1.48%) PowerShell
8 2 (1.48%) R
8 2 (1.48%) Scala
Qualifications
1 12 (8.89%) Security Cleared
2 10 (7.41%) SC Cleared
3 9 (6.67%) Degree
4 7 (5.19%) PMP
5 4 (2.96%) ISEB
6 2 (1.48%) AWS Certification
6 2 (1.48%) CISA
6 2 (1.48%) CISM
6 2 (1.48%) CISSP
6 2 (1.48%) CRISC
6 2 (1.48%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.74%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.74%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (5.19%) PMO
2 4 (2.96%) Accessibility
3 3 (2.22%) Data Quality
3 3 (2.22%) GDPR
3 3 (2.22%) WCAG
4 2 (1.48%) IFRS
4 2 (1.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.74%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.74%) EMIR
5 1 (0.74%) GAAP
5 1 (0.74%) MiFID
5 1 (0.74%) P3O
5 1 (0.74%) Solvency II
System Software
1 6 (4.44%) Docker
2 1 (0.74%) GeoWebCache
2 1 (0.74%) PowerHA
Systems Management
1 5 (3.70%) Kubernetes
2 4 (2.96%) Ansible
2 4 (2.96%) Puppet
2 4 (2.96%) Terraform
3 2 (1.48%) Cobbler
3 2 (1.48%) HP Quality Center
3 2 (1.48%) Packer
4 1 (0.74%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 20 (14.81%) Oracle
2 3 (2.22%) Microsoft
3 2 (1.48%) Bloomberg
3 2 (1.48%) Citrix
3 2 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
3 2 (1.48%) Splunk
4 1 (0.74%) AppDynamics
4 1 (0.74%) CA Agile Central
4 1 (0.74%) Databricks
4 1 (0.74%) FXall
4 1 (0.74%) Guidewire
4 1 (0.74%) ION Trading
4 1 (0.74%) Kofax
4 1 (0.74%) OpenText
4 1 (0.74%) Perfecto Mobile
4 1 (0.74%) Remedy
4 1 (0.74%) Rollbar
4 1 (0.74%) StreamSets
4 1 (0.74%) Tealium
4 1 (0.74%) VMware