Period
to 17 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 17 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

DevOps
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 10 14
Rank change year-on-year +2 +4 +3
Contract jobs citing DevOps 506 235 728
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 13.94% 13.08% 11.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 15.39% 14.69% 12.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 375 189 599
10th Percentile £435 £363 £414
25th Percentile £500 £450 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £538 £550
Median % change year-on-year +6.98% -2.27% -
75th Percentile £650 £625 £641
90th Percentile £750 £675 £700
Central London median daily rate £575 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +4.55% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 2
10th Percentile " " £11.35
25th Percentile £28.50 " £13.00
Median hourly rate £29.00 - £16.00
75th Percentile £29.50 " £19.00
90th Percentile " " £20.65
Central London median hourly rate £32.00 - £16.00

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,287 1,600 5,691
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.55% 89.09% 90.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,428 1,174 4,500
10th Percentile £363 £321 £338
25th Percentile £457 £419 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £525
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% -2.38% +3.96%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £511 £520
% change year-on-year +7.58% -1.68% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 32 68
10th Percentile £11.15 £14.55 £11.25
25th Percentile £16.07 £17.38 £12.04
Median hourly rate £27.75 £35.75 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year -22.38% +116.67% -11.76%
75th Percentile £38.50 £46.44 £24.31
90th Percentile £63.25 £52.03 £45.41
Central London median hourly rate £26.00 £35.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year -26.76% +86.84% +1.60%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the City of London

DevOps
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing DevOps in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for DevOps in the City of London

DevOps
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing DevOps in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for DevOps in the City of London

DevOps
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing DevOps in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for DevOps in the City of London

For the 6 months to 17 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for DevOps.

1 268 (52.96%) Azure
2 234 (46.25%) Agile Software Development
3 183 (36.17%) AWS
4 175 (34.58%) Docker
5 129 (25.49%) Kubernetes
5 129 (25.49%) Finance
6 122 (24.11%) SQL
7 120 (23.72%) Java
8 116 (22.92%) Git (software)
9 114 (22.53%) TDD
10 107 (21.15%) Python
10 107 (21.15%) Terraform
10 107 (21.15%) Jenkins
11 90 (17.79%) Microservices
12 85 (16.80%) C#
13 78 (15.42%) .NET
14 74 (14.62%) JavaScript
15 64 (12.65%) Infrastructure as Code
16 61 (12.06%) Ansible
17 59 (11.66%) AngularJS
17 59 (11.66%) Social Skills
17 59 (11.66%) Full Stack Development
18 57 (11.26%) Microsoft
18 57 (11.26%) Spring
19 56 (11.07%) Web Services
20 53 (10.47%) Software Engineering
21 52 (10.28%) Banking
22 51 (10.08%) Scrum
22 51 (10.08%) Test Automation
23 48 (9.49%) Node.js

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (4.74%) Apache Spark
1 24 (4.74%) SharePoint
2 18 (3.56%) Elasticsearch
3 15 (2.96%) Confluence
4 3 (0.59%) Apache
4 3 (0.59%) Apache Airflow
4 3 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
4 3 (0.59%) IIS
5 2 (0.40%) OpenStack
5 2 (0.40%) TPMS
5 2 (0.40%) WebLogic
6 1 (0.20%) CMS
6 1 (0.20%) Mule
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle Service Bus
6 1 (0.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 1 (0.20%) SharePoint Server
6 1 (0.20%) Tomcat
6 1 (0.20%) uWSGI
6 1 (0.20%) WebLogic Portal
6 1 (0.20%) WebSphere
Applications
1 14 (2.77%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.59%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.59%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.20%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.79%) ION MarketView
1 4 (0.79%) Summit
2 2 (0.40%) Q-Pulse
3 1 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 268 (52.96%) Azure
2 183 (36.17%) AWS
3 45 (8.89%) GCP
3 45 (8.89%) Serverless
4 40 (7.91%) GitHub
5 37 (7.31%) PaaS
6 32 (6.32%) AWS CloudFormation
7 24 (4.74%) SaaS
8 22 (4.35%) AWS Lambda
9 19 (3.75%) IaaS
10 18 (3.56%) Power Platform
11 13 (2.57%) Amazon EC2
11 13 (2.57%) Azure Active Directory
12 12 (2.37%) Azure Functions
13 11 (2.17%) Microsoft 365
14 10 (1.98%) Amazon ECS
15 9 (1.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 9 (1.78%) Amazon EKS
16 7 (1.38%) Snowflake
16 7 (1.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.77%) DNS
2 11 (2.17%) Firewall
3 10 (1.98%) TCP/IP
4 7 (1.38%) HTTP
4 7 (1.38%) Kerberos
5 5 (0.99%) WAN
6 4 (0.79%) SAN
6 4 (0.79%) VPN
7 3 (0.59%) Internet
7 3 (0.59%) SD-WAN
8 2 (0.40%) DHCP
8 2 (0.40%) IGMP
8 2 (0.40%) LAN
8 2 (0.40%) Remote Desktop
8 2 (0.40%) SNMP
8 2 (0.40%) SSH
9 1 (0.20%) Cisco Firepower
9 1 (0.20%) Intranet
9 1 (0.20%) Network Security
9 1 (0.20%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (8.10%) SQL Server
2 29 (5.73%) NoSQL
3 27 (5.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 26 (5.14%) Data Warehouse
5 20 (3.95%) Tableau
6 19 (3.75%) Big Data
7 17 (3.36%) MongoDB
7 17 (3.36%) Power BI
8 14 (2.77%) Azure SQL Database
8 14 (2.77%) Data Lake
8 14 (2.77%) Hadoop
9 12 (2.37%) MySQL
10 11 (2.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 9 (1.78%) BigQuery
11 9 (1.78%) Tableau Desktop
11 9 (1.78%) Tableau Server
12 7 (1.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 7 (1.38%) Oracle Database
13 6 (1.19%) Redis
13 6 (1.19%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 116 (22.92%) Git (software)
2 107 (21.15%) Jenkins
3 43 (8.50%) JIRA
4 27 (5.34%) Cucumber
5 22 (4.35%) Octopus Deploy
5 22 (4.35%) TeamCity
6 21 (4.15%) Maven
7 18 (3.56%) Subversion
8 16 (3.16%) Bitbucket
9 15 (2.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 15 (2.96%) Selenium
10 14 (2.77%) GitLab
11 12 (2.37%) Visual Studio
12 11 (2.17%) SpecFlow
13 10 (1.98%) JUnit
14 8 (1.58%) Mockito
14 8 (1.58%) Team Foundation Server
15 7 (1.38%) Postman
16 5 (0.99%) JMeter
17 4 (0.79%) CircleCI
General
1 129 (25.49%) Finance
2 59 (11.66%) Social Skills
3 52 (10.28%) Banking
4 29 (5.73%) Analytical Skills
5 26 (5.14%) Front Office
5 26 (5.14%) Legal
6 22 (4.35%) Financial Institution
7 15 (2.96%) Investment Banking
8 10 (1.98%) Public Sector
9 7 (1.38%) Law
9 7 (1.38%) Marketing
10 4 (0.79%) Influencing Skills
10 4 (0.79%) Retail
11 3 (0.59%) Back Office
11 3 (0.59%) International Banking
12 2 (0.40%) Advertising
12 2 (0.40%) Documentation Skills
12 2 (0.40%) General Ledger
12 2 (0.40%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.40%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 191 (37.75%) Developer
2 81 (16.01%) DevOps Engineer
3 45 (8.89%) Architect
4 44 (8.70%) Java Developer
5 38 (7.51%) C# Developer
6 29 (5.73%) Azure Engineer
6 29 (5.73%) Backend Developer
7 26 (5.14%) Cloud Engineer
8 22 (4.35%) AWS Engineer
8 22 (4.35%) Data Engineer
8 22 (4.35%) PHP Developer
9 21 (4.15%) SQL Developer
10 17 (3.36%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 17 (3.36%) Java Engineer
10 17 (3.36%) Node.js Developer
11 14 (2.77%) AWS DevOps
12 13 (2.57%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 13 (2.57%) Azure Architect
12 13 (2.57%) Azure DevOps
12 13 (2.57%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 78 (15.42%) .NET
2 59 (11.66%) AngularJS
3 57 (11.26%) Spring
4 56 (11.07%) Web Services
5 48 (9.49%) Node.js
6 43 (8.50%) React
7 41 (8.10%) HTML
8 40 (7.91%) CSS
9 32 (6.32%) HTML5
10 28 (5.53%) CSS3
10 28 (5.53%) REST
11 26 (5.14%) Vue.js
12 25 (4.94%) Sass
13 23 (4.55%) Laravel
13 23 (4.55%) LESS
13 23 (4.55%) Spring Boot
13 23 (4.55%) Vuetify.js
14 22 (4.35%) Kafka
15 19 (3.75%) .NET Core
15 19 (3.75%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 20 (3.95%) Hedge funds
2 19 (3.75%) Cloud Native
2 19 (3.75%) Fixed Income
3 17 (3.36%) Self-Motivation
4 15 (2.96%) Data Structures
4 15 (2.96%) Derivative
5 13 (2.57%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (2.57%) Public Cloud
6 12 (2.37%) Algorithms
7 10 (1.98%) User Experience
8 9 (1.78%) Legacy Applications
9 8 (1.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 8 (1.58%) Legacy Systems
9 8 (1.58%) Market Risk
10 7 (1.38%) Client/Server
10 7 (1.38%) Credit Risk
10 7 (1.38%) Management Information System
11 6 (1.19%) Mobile App
12 5 (0.99%) Data Centre
12 5 (0.99%) Interest Rate Derivative
Operating Systems
1 48 (9.49%) Linux
2 30 (5.93%) Windows
3 13 (2.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 11 (2.17%) Unix
5 10 (1.98%) Windows Server
6 5 (0.99%) CentOS
7 4 (0.79%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.79%) Windows Server 2012
7 4 (0.79%) Windows Server 2019
8 3 (0.59%) Solaris
8 3 (0.59%) VMS
8 3 (0.59%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.40%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.20%) Android
10 1 (0.20%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.20%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 234 (46.25%) Agile Software Development
2 114 (22.53%) TDD
3 90 (17.79%) Microservices
4 64 (12.65%) Infrastructure as Code
5 59 (11.66%) Full Stack Development
6 53 (10.47%) Software Engineering
7 51 (10.08%) Scrum
7 51 (10.08%) Test Automation
8 46 (9.09%) MVC
9 42 (8.30%) Analytics
10 41 (8.10%) Continuous Integration
11 40 (7.91%) Deployment Automation
11 40 (7.91%) Problem-Solving
12 36 (7.11%) Migration
13 34 (6.72%) BDD
14 32 (6.32%) Continuous Improvement
15 26 (5.14%) SDLC
16 25 (4.94%) Business Intelligence
16 25 (4.94%) ETL
17 24 (4.74%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 122 (24.11%) SQL
2 120 (23.72%) Java
3 107 (21.15%) Python
4 85 (16.80%) C#
5 74 (14.62%) JavaScript
6 39 (7.71%) PowerShell
7 28 (5.53%) Bash Shell
8 26 (5.14%) PHP
9 25 (4.94%) TypeScript
10 21 (4.15%) Scala
11 14 (2.77%) VBA
12 13 (2.57%) T-SQL
13 12 (2.37%) C++
13 12 (2.37%) Java 8
14 9 (1.78%) Go
14 9 (1.78%) Perl
15 8 (1.58%) Kotlin
16 7 (1.38%) Java 11
17 6 (1.19%) C
18 5 (0.99%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 22 (4.35%) Security Cleared
2 19 (3.75%) Degree
3 11 (2.17%) SC Cleared
4 7 (1.38%) AWS Certification
5 3 (0.59%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.20%) CBAP
7 1 (0.20%) CCIE
7 1 (0.20%) CCNA
7 1 (0.20%) CCNP
7 1 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
7 1 (0.20%) CISSP
7 1 (0.20%) CTC Cleared
7 1 (0.20%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.20%) IIBA
7 1 (0.20%) ISEB
7 1 (0.20%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.20%) MCSA
7 1 (0.20%) MCSE
7 1 (0.20%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (6.32%) QA
2 21 (4.15%) GDPR
3 8 (1.58%) Accessibility
4 3 (0.59%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.59%) WCAG
5 2 (0.40%) NCSC
5 2 (0.40%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 2 (0.40%) Solvency II
6 1 (0.20%) GAAP
6 1 (0.20%) IFRS
6 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.20%) SLA
System Software
1 175 (34.58%) Docker
2 26 (5.14%) Active Directory
3 11 (2.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.99%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.59%) NFS
6 2 (0.40%) Veritas File System
6 2 (0.40%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 1 (0.20%) HDFS
7 1 (0.20%) RACF
7 1 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.20%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 129 (25.49%) Kubernetes
2 107 (21.15%) Terraform
3 61 (12.06%) Ansible
4 23 (4.55%) Puppet
5 11 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.99%) Prometheus
7 4 (0.79%) Control-M
7 4 (0.79%) EMC NetWorker
7 4 (0.79%) Netcool
7 4 (0.79%) Packer
7 4 (0.79%) QRadar
7 4 (0.79%) Tivoli
7 4 (0.79%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 3 (0.59%) FortiGate
8 3 (0.59%) Rancher
8 3 (0.59%) Red Hat Satellite
9 2 (0.40%) Failover Clustering
9 2 (0.40%) Microsoft Clustering
9 2 (0.40%) Nagios
10 1 (0.20%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 57 (11.26%) Microsoft
2 23 (4.55%) Google
3 21 (4.15%) Oracle
4 16 (3.16%) IBM
5 15 (2.96%) Splunk
5 15 (2.96%) VMware
6 11 (2.17%) Databricks
7 8 (1.58%) EMC
7 8 (1.58%) HP
7 8 (1.58%) Red Hat
8 7 (1.38%) Alteryx
8 7 (1.38%) Cisco
8 7 (1.38%) ServiceNow
9 6 (1.19%) MuleSoft
9 6 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
10 5 (0.99%) SaltStack
11 4 (0.79%) BMC
11 4 (0.79%) ION Trading
11 4 (0.79%) Juniper
11 4 (0.79%) Qualys