Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Academic Degree
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 39 39 41
Rank change year-on-year 0 +2 +2
Contract jobs citing Degree 198 93 290
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.08% 5.14% 4.86%
As % of the Qualifications category 40.33% 27.43% 34.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 126 52 219
10th Percentile £381 " £273
25th Percentile £509 £313 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £475 £510
Median % change year-on-year +21.05% -6.86% +2.00%
75th Percentile £647 £601 £625
90th Percentile £725 £659 £713
Central London median daily rate £575 £473 £500
% change year-on-year +21.69% -5.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 4 6
10th Percentile £20.35 £23.38 £12.75
25th Percentile £28.63 £30.69 £15.38
Median hourly rate £32.50 £36.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -10.96% +78.05% +46.43%
75th Percentile £39.38 £38.50 £44.38
90th Percentile £50.90 £38.95 £53.88
Central London median hourly rate £32.50 £36.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year -10.96% +78.05% +17.14%

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
City of London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 491 339 829
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 12.61% 18.75% 13.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 345 241 648
10th Percentile £309 £306 £300
25th Percentile £413 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £513 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.37% +2.50% +4.17%
75th Percentile £638 £588 £613
90th Percentile £688 £650 £696
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.30%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 11
10th Percentile £17.58 £23.58 £10.50
25th Percentile £22.50 £32.50 £12.75
Median hourly rate £30.00 £36.75 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -18.37% +79.27% +9.63%
75th Percentile £35.25 £40.94 £38.51
90th Percentile £44.98 £46.00 £52.25
Central London median hourly rate £28.00 £35.75 £21.50
% change year-on-year -21.68% +66.28% +14.97%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the City of London

Degree
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Degree in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Degree in the City of London

Degree
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Degree in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Degree in the City of London

Degree
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Degree in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Degree in the City of London

Degree
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Degree in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Degree in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Degree.

1 109 (55.05%) Finance
2 80 (40.40%) Computer Science
3 65 (32.83%) Social Skills
4 60 (30.30%) Python
5 55 (27.78%) Mathematics
6 54 (27.27%) SQL
7 53 (26.77%) Agile Software Development
8 51 (25.76%) Analytics
9 44 (22.22%) Statistics
9 44 (22.22%) Analytical Skills
10 41 (20.71%) Computer Science Degree
11 37 (18.69%) Data Science
12 34 (17.17%) Decision-Making
13 33 (16.67%) Problem-Solving
14 32 (16.16%) Algorithms
14 32 (16.16%) Business Intelligence
15 31 (15.66%) Data Warehouse
16 30 (15.15%) Visualisation
17 29 (14.65%) Azure
17 29 (14.65%) Project Management
18 28 (14.14%) Asset Management
19 27 (13.64%) AWS
19 27 (13.64%) Management Information System
19 27 (13.64%) Java
20 26 (13.13%) Microsoft Excel
20 26 (13.13%) Bayesian Methods
21 24 (12.12%) Presentation Skills
21 24 (12.12%) Salesforce.com
21 24 (12.12%) Data Analysis
21 24 (12.12%) Machine Learning

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (7.58%) Jupyter
2 14 (7.07%) SharePoint
3 8 (4.04%) Apache Spark
4 3 (1.52%) Confluence
4 3 (1.52%) OpenStack
5 2 (1.01%) Apache
5 2 (1.01%) IIS
5 2 (1.01%) nginx
6 1 (0.51%) Appian
6 1 (0.51%) ArcGIS
6 1 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
6 1 (0.51%) IBM Notes
6 1 (0.51%) JBoss
6 1 (0.51%) Oracle Coherence
6 1 (0.51%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 1 (0.51%) SharePoint Server
6 1 (0.51%) WebSphere
Applications
1 26 (13.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (10.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 8 (4.04%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (1.01%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (1.52%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 2 (1.01%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 29 (14.65%) Azure
2 27 (13.64%) AWS
3 12 (6.06%) Power Platform
4 9 (4.55%) GCP
4 9 (4.55%) Microsoft 365
5 8 (4.04%) Amazon S3
6 7 (3.54%) SaaS
7 6 (3.03%) Serverless
8 5 (2.53%) GitHub
8 5 (2.53%) PowerApps
9 4 (2.02%) Azure Logic Apps
9 4 (2.02%) Power Automate
10 3 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
10 3 (1.52%) Amazon EMR
10 3 (1.52%) AWS CloudFormation
10 3 (1.52%) Cloud Computing
10 3 (1.52%) Datadog
10 3 (1.52%) IaaS
10 3 (1.52%) PaaS
11 2 (1.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.54%) Firewall
2 5 (2.53%) DNS
3 4 (2.02%) VPN
4 3 (1.52%) DHCP
4 3 (1.52%) LAN
4 3 (1.52%) WAN
5 2 (1.01%) BGP
5 2 (1.01%) Broadband
5 2 (1.01%) Ethernet
5 2 (1.01%) HTTP
5 2 (1.01%) IPsec
5 2 (1.01%) IPv4
5 2 (1.01%) IPv6
5 2 (1.01%) NAS
5 2 (1.01%) SD-WAN
5 2 (1.01%) SNMP
5 2 (1.01%) TCP/IP
5 2 (1.01%) Wi-Fi
6 1 (0.51%) VXLAN
6 1 (0.51%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (15.66%) Data Warehouse
2 15 (7.58%) QlikView
3 13 (6.57%) SQL Server
4 11 (5.56%) Power BI
4 11 (5.56%) Tableau
5 10 (5.05%) Big Data
6 8 (4.04%) Hadoop
7 6 (3.03%) MySQL
8 5 (2.53%) Apache Cassandra
8 5 (2.53%) DB2
8 5 (2.53%) PostgreSQL
9 4 (2.02%) Amazon Redshift
9 4 (2.02%) Data Lake
9 4 (2.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 3 (1.52%) Data Mining
11 2 (1.01%) MongoDB
11 2 (1.01%) NoSQL
11 2 (1.01%) SAP BW
11 2 (1.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 2 (1.01%) VLDB
Development Applications
1 11 (5.56%) JIRA
2 7 (3.54%) Git (software)
3 4 (2.02%) GitLab
3 4 (2.02%) Jenkins
3 4 (2.02%) Maven
3 4 (2.02%) Selenium
3 4 (2.02%) SpecFlow
3 4 (2.02%) TeamCity
3 4 (2.02%) Visual Studio
4 3 (1.52%) Appium
4 3 (1.52%) Octopus Deploy
4 3 (1.52%) TestNG
4 3 (1.52%) WebDriver
4 3 (1.52%) Zephyr
5 2 (1.01%) webpack
6 1 (0.51%) GDB
6 1 (0.51%) Postman
6 1 (0.51%) SoapUI
6 1 (0.51%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (0.51%) Tricentis qTest
General
1 109 (55.05%) Finance
2 65 (32.83%) Social Skills
3 44 (22.22%) Analytical Skills
4 24 (12.12%) Presentation Skills
5 23 (11.62%) Banking
6 22 (11.11%) Marketing
7 18 (9.09%) Legal
8 13 (6.57%) Public Sector
9 11 (5.56%) Investment Banking
10 10 (5.05%) Financial Institution
10 10 (5.05%) Front Office
11 7 (3.54%) Influencing Skills
12 5 (2.53%) Telecoms
13 4 (2.02%) Documentation Skills
13 4 (2.02%) Law
13 4 (2.02%) Retail
14 3 (1.52%) Back Office
14 3 (1.52%) Manufacturing
14 3 (1.52%) Multimedia
15 2 (1.01%) Games
Job Titles
1 34 (17.17%) Analyst
2 31 (15.66%) Developer
3 28 (14.14%) Data Scientist
4 19 (9.60%) Architect
5 12 (6.06%) Business Analyst
6 8 (4.04%) Project Manager
6 8 (4.04%) Senior Developer
7 7 (3.54%) Data Engineer
7 7 (3.54%) Qualitative Analyst
7 7 (3.54%) Quantitative Analyst
7 7 (3.54%) SQL Analyst
8 6 (3.03%) Cloud Architect
8 6 (3.03%) Java Developer
8 6 (3.03%) Security Architect
9 5 (2.53%) C++ Developer
9 5 (2.53%) Consultant
9 5 (2.53%) Low Latency C++ Developer
9 5 (2.53%) Senior Data Scientist
10 4 (2.02%) Data Architect
10 4 (2.02%) Infrastructure Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (9.09%) HTML
2 16 (8.08%) CSS
3 15 (7.58%) D3.js
3 15 (7.58%) Shiny
4 13 (6.57%) React
5 10 (5.05%) .NET
6 9 (4.55%) AngularJS
7 8 (4.04%) Matplotlib
7 8 (4.04%) PyMC3
8 5 (2.53%) Redux
8 5 (2.53%) Spring
8 5 (2.53%) Web Services
9 4 (2.02%) jQuery
9 4 (2.02%) REST
10 3 (1.52%) Kafka
10 3 (1.52%) RESTful
10 3 (1.52%) Spring Boot
10 3 (1.52%) Vue.js
10 3 (1.52%) WCF
11 2 (1.01%) Enzyme
Miscellaneous
1 32 (16.16%) Algorithms
2 27 (13.64%) Management Information System
3 20 (10.10%) Social Media
4 13 (6.57%) User Experience
5 9 (4.55%) Data Centre
6 8 (4.04%) Hedge funds
7 6 (3.03%) Equities
7 6 (3.03%) Self-Motivation
8 4 (2.02%) Fixed Income
8 4 (2.02%) Virtual Team
9 3 (1.52%) Enterprise Cloud
9 3 (1.52%) iSeries
9 3 (1.52%) Legacy Systems
9 3 (1.52%) Market Risk
9 3 (1.52%) N-Tier
9 3 (1.52%) Reinsurance
10 2 (1.01%) Greenfield Project
10 2 (1.01%) Hybrid Cloud
10 2 (1.01%) Public Cloud
10 2 (1.01%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 13 (6.57%) Linux
2 8 (4.04%) Windows
3 4 (2.02%) Unix
3 4 (2.02%) Windows 10
4 2 (1.01%) Mac OS
4 2 (1.01%) Windows 7
4 2 (1.01%) Windows Server 2012
5 1 (0.51%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.51%) OpenWrt
5 1 (0.51%) Windows Server
5 1 (0.51%) Windows Server 2016
5 1 (0.51%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 80 (40.40%) Computer Science
2 55 (27.78%) Mathematics
3 53 (26.77%) Agile Software Development
4 51 (25.76%) Analytics
5 44 (22.22%) Statistics
6 37 (18.69%) Data Science
7 34 (17.17%) Decision-Making
8 33 (16.67%) Problem-Solving
9 32 (16.16%) Business Intelligence
10 30 (15.15%) Visualisation
11 29 (14.65%) Project Management
12 28 (14.14%) Asset Management
13 26 (13.13%) Bayesian Methods
14 24 (12.12%) Data Analysis
14 24 (12.12%) Machine Learning
15 23 (11.62%) Investment Management
16 22 (11.11%) CRM
17 20 (10.10%) DevOps
17 20 (10.10%) Risk Management
18 19 (9.60%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 60 (30.30%) Python
2 54 (27.27%) SQL
3 27 (13.64%) Java
4 19 (9.60%) R
4 19 (9.60%) VBA
5 18 (9.09%) C++
5 18 (9.09%) JavaScript
6 11 (5.56%) C
6 11 (5.56%) C#
7 5 (2.53%) VBScript
8 4 (2.02%) PowerShell
8 4 (2.02%) TypeScript
9 3 (1.52%) Bash Shell
9 3 (1.52%) Perl
9 3 (1.52%) T-SQL
10 2 (1.01%) ES6
10 2 (1.01%) VB
11 1 (0.51%) Java 8
11 1 (0.51%) Ladder Logic
11 1 (0.51%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 41 (20.71%) Computer Science Degree
2 12 (6.06%) PhD
3 9 (4.55%) Security Cleared
4 8 (4.04%) SC Cleared
5 7 (3.54%) CISSP
5 7 (3.54%) PMI Certification
6 6 (3.03%) PMP
7 5 (2.53%) Master's Degree
7 5 (2.53%) Numerate Degree
7 5 (2.53%) TOGAF Certification
8 4 (2.02%) CISM
9 3 (1.52%) AWS Certification
9 3 (1.52%) ISTQB
9 3 (1.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (1.52%) ITIL Certification
10 2 (1.01%) CISA
10 2 (1.01%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 2 (1.01%) MBA
10 2 (1.01%) Postgraduate
11 1 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (4.55%) GDPR
1 9 (4.55%) QA
2 5 (2.53%) Accessibility
2 5 (2.53%) Data Quality
2 5 (2.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 5 (2.53%) NIST
3 4 (2.02%) GRC
3 4 (2.02%) PMO
4 3 (1.52%) COBIT
4 3 (1.52%) PCI DSS
5 2 (1.01%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 2 (1.01%) ISO 22301
5 2 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 1 (0.51%) FRS 29
6 1 (0.51%) IFRS
6 1 (0.51%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.51%) JTAG
6 1 (0.51%) SLA
6 1 (0.51%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 10 (5.05%) Docker
2 9 (4.55%) Active Directory
3 3 (1.52%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (1.01%) Microsoft App-V
4 2 (1.01%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.51%) BitLocker
5 1 (0.51%) NFS
5 1 (0.51%) Platform Symphony
5 1 (0.51%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.51%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.51%) VMware NSX
5 1 (0.51%) XenApp
5 1 (0.51%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 9 (4.55%) Kubernetes
2 6 (3.03%) Terraform
3 2 (1.01%) Ansible
4 1 (0.51%) Grafana
4 1 (0.51%) Kibana
4 1 (0.51%) McAfee ePO
4 1 (0.51%) Nessus
4 1 (0.51%) Network Intrusion Detection System
4 1 (0.51%) Puppet
4 1 (0.51%) RSA Archer
4 1 (0.51%) SCCM
4 1 (0.51%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 24 (12.12%) Salesforce.com
2 20 (10.10%) Microsoft
3 15 (7.58%) Alteryx
4 9 (4.55%) Oracle
5 5 (2.53%) SAP
6 4 (2.02%) Google
6 4 (2.02%) ServiceNow
7 3 (1.52%) Guidewire
7 3 (1.52%) Infoblox
7 3 (1.52%) Sparx
7 3 (1.52%) Splunk
7 3 (1.52%) VMware
7 3 (1.52%) Workday
8 2 (1.01%) AppDynamics
8 2 (1.01%) Cisco
8 2 (1.01%) Conga
8 2 (1.01%) Qualys
8 2 (1.01%) Sybase
9 1 (0.51%) iManage
9 1 (0.51%) MuleSoft