Period
to 5 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 5 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
5 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 29 44 43
Rank change year-on-year +15 -1 -11
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 159 320 383
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.80% 4.79% 5.37%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.65% 5.34% 6.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 124 246 324
Median daily rate £550 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £346 £394 £363
90th Percentile £781 £688 £626
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +8.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
Median hourly rate £55.00 - £65.00
10th Percentile £53.50 - £62.50
90th Percentile £56.50 - £67.50
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 - £50.00

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,391 5,991 6,298
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.26% 89.62% 88.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,689 4,647 5,000
Median daily rate £518 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.43% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £331 £350 £331
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £505 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -3.81% +5.00% +2.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 70 101
Median hourly rate £35.00 £20.75 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +68.67% +10.96% -3.36%
10th Percentile £12.48 £11.25 £12.75
90th Percentile £48.70 £54.03 £33.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.09 £19.38
% change year-on-year +65.96% +8.85% +14.24%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 5 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 5 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +18 2 £525 +31.25%
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 5 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 82 (51.57%) Agile Software Development
2 62 (38.99%) Finance
3 58 (36.48%) Java
4 48 (30.19%) C#
5 46 (28.93%) Azure
6 44 (27.67%) DevOps
7 41 (25.79%) SQL
8 38 (23.90%) SQL Server
9 33 (20.75%) AWS
10 29 (18.24%) QA
11 28 (17.61%) Continuous Integration
12 27 (16.98%) Python
13 26 (16.35%) Microservices
13 26 (16.35%) SDLC
14 24 (15.09%) .NET
14 24 (15.09%) Selenium
15 23 (14.47%) Scrum
15 23 (14.47%) Docker
16 22 (13.84%) TDD
17 21 (13.21%) JIRA
17 21 (13.21%) Git (software)
18 20 (12.58%) BDD
18 20 (12.58%) AngularJS
18 20 (12.58%) React
18 20 (12.58%) Microsoft
19 18 (11.32%) OO
19 18 (11.32%) CSS
19 18 (11.32%) Test Scripting
19 18 (11.32%) Kubernetes
19 18 (11.32%) REST

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (3.77%) Confluence
2 4 (2.52%) Apache Spark
3 2 (1.26%) Elasticsearch
3 2 (1.26%) IIS
4 1 (0.63%) CMS
4 1 (0.63%) nginx
4 1 (0.63%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (4.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (3.14%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (1.26%) Figma
Business Applications
1 2 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (1.26%) Workfront
2 1 (0.63%) Maximo
2 1 (0.63%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.63%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (0.63%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 1 (0.63%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 1 (0.63%) SAP Business ByDesign
2 1 (0.63%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 46 (28.93%) Azure
2 33 (20.75%) AWS
3 14 (8.81%) GCP
4 9 (5.66%) GitHub
5 5 (3.14%) PaaS
6 4 (2.52%) AWS Lambda
6 4 (2.52%) Serverless
6 4 (2.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 3 (1.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 3 (1.89%) Amazon EC2
7 3 (1.89%) Amazon S3
7 3 (1.89%) Azure Active Directory
7 3 (1.89%) Tricentis Tosca
8 2 (1.26%) Azure Data Factory
8 2 (1.26%) Azure Stack
8 2 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
8 2 (1.26%) IaaS
8 2 (1.26%) Route 53
8 2 (1.26%) Slack
9 1 (0.63%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (5.03%) HTTPS
1 8 (5.03%) SSL
2 3 (1.89%) DNS
3 2 (1.26%) DHCP
3 2 (1.26%) HTTP
4 1 (0.63%) 2G
4 1 (0.63%) 3G
4 1 (0.63%) 3GPP
4 1 (0.63%) 4G
4 1 (0.63%) BGP
4 1 (0.63%) GSM
4 1 (0.63%) LTE
4 1 (0.63%) MPLS
4 1 (0.63%) OSPF
4 1 (0.63%) Radio Access Network
4 1 (0.63%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.63%) UMTS
4 1 (0.63%) Wi-Fi
4 1 (0.63%) Wireless
4 1 (0.63%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (23.90%) SQL Server
2 11 (6.92%) NoSQL
3 8 (5.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 6 (3.77%) Data Warehouse
5 5 (3.14%) Microsoft Analysis Services
5 5 (3.14%) PowerPivot
5 5 (3.14%) SQL Server Analysis Services
5 5 (3.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 5 (3.14%) SSDT
6 4 (2.52%) Redis
6 4 (2.52%) Relational Database
7 3 (1.89%) Cosmos DB
7 3 (1.89%) Parquet
8 2 (1.26%) Azure SQL Database
8 2 (1.26%) MongoDB
8 2 (1.26%) MySQL
8 2 (1.26%) Oracle Database
8 2 (1.26%) PostgreSQL
9 1 (0.63%) InterSystems Cache
9 1 (0.63%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 24 (15.09%) Selenium
2 21 (13.21%) Git (software)
2 21 (13.21%) JIRA
3 17 (10.69%) Jenkins
4 16 (10.06%) Cucumber
5 11 (6.92%) Visual Studio
6 8 (5.03%) SpecFlow
6 8 (5.03%) WebDriver
7 7 (4.40%) Maven
7 7 (4.40%) Team Foundation Server
8 6 (3.77%) JMeter
8 6 (3.77%) JUnit
9 5 (3.14%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 4 (2.52%) Postman
11 3 (1.89%) GitLab
11 3 (1.89%) Jasmine
11 3 (1.89%) Protractor
11 3 (1.89%) Robot Framework
11 3 (1.89%) Sonatype Nexus
11 3 (1.89%) TeamCity
General
1 62 (38.99%) Finance
2 9 (5.66%) Banking
3 8 (5.03%) Public Sector
4 6 (3.77%) Front Office
5 3 (1.89%) Marketing
6 2 (1.26%) General Ledger
6 2 (1.26%) Legal
6 2 (1.26%) Police
7 1 (0.63%) Back Office
7 1 (0.63%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.63%) Law
7 1 (0.63%) Retail
Job Titles
1 69 (43.40%) Developer
2 22 (13.84%) Java Developer
3 20 (12.58%) C# Developer
4 13 (8.18%) Tester
5 11 (6.92%) Analyst
6 10 (6.29%) Architect
7 9 (5.66%) Python Developer
7 9 (5.66%) Test Manager
8 7 (4.40%) Automation Tester
8 7 (4.40%) Software Developer
9 6 (3.77%) DevOps Engineer
9 6 (3.77%) QA Engineer
9 6 (3.77%) Senior Developer
9 6 (3.77%) Test Analyst
9 6 (3.77%) Test Engineer
10 5 (3.14%) Business Intelligence Architect
10 5 (3.14%) Electronic Trading Developer
10 5 (3.14%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
10 5 (3.14%) Quantitative Developer
10 5 (3.14%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (15.09%) .NET
2 20 (12.58%) AngularJS
2 20 (12.58%) React
3 18 (11.32%) CSS
3 18 (11.32%) REST
4 14 (8.81%) WCF
5 12 (7.55%) RESTful
5 12 (7.55%) Web Services
6 11 (6.92%) FIX Protocol
6 11 (6.92%) Redux
6 11 (6.92%) Spring
7 10 (6.29%) Reactive Extensions
8 9 (5.66%) Node.js
9 8 (5.03%) Guice
9 8 (5.03%) JAAS
9 8 (5.03%) Spring Security
10 5 (3.14%) .NET Framework
10 5 (3.14%) Gherkin
10 5 (3.14%) Kafka
10 5 (3.14%) MDX
Miscellaneous
1 13 (8.18%) Analytical Skills
2 9 (5.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 8 (5.03%) Derivative
4 7 (4.40%) Fixed Income
5 6 (3.77%) Virtual Team
6 4 (2.52%) Cloud Native
6 4 (2.52%) Self-Motivation
6 4 (2.52%) User Experience
7 3 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
8 2 (1.26%) Equities
8 2 (1.26%) Greenfield Project
8 2 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (1.26%) Market Risk
8 2 (1.26%) Reference Data
8 2 (1.26%) Swaptions
8 2 (1.26%) Taxonomies
9 1 (0.63%) Hedge funds
9 1 (0.63%) Mobile App
9 1 (0.63%) Social Media
9 1 (0.63%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 16 (10.06%) Windows
2 14 (8.81%) Linux
3 9 (5.66%) Unix
4 3 (1.89%) Android
4 3 (1.89%) Apple iOS
4 3 (1.89%) Mac OS X
5 2 (1.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (1.26%) Windows Server 2008
5 2 (1.26%) Windows Server 2012
5 2 (1.26%) Windows Server 2016
6 1 (0.63%) AIX
6 1 (0.63%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 82 (51.57%) Agile Software Development
2 44 (27.67%) DevOps
3 28 (17.61%) Continuous Integration
4 26 (16.35%) Microservices
4 26 (16.35%) SDLC
5 23 (14.47%) Scrum
6 22 (13.84%) TDD
7 20 (12.58%) BDD
8 18 (11.32%) OO
8 18 (11.32%) Test Scripting
9 16 (10.06%) Continuous Delivery
10 14 (8.81%) Computer Science
10 14 (8.81%) Test Strategy
11 13 (8.18%) Performance Tuning
11 13 (8.18%) Problem-Solving
11 13 (8.18%) Regression Testing
12 10 (6.29%) Electronic Trading
12 10 (6.29%) Software Testing
13 9 (5.66%) Business Intelligence
13 9 (5.66%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 58 (36.48%) Java
2 48 (30.19%) C#
3 41 (25.79%) SQL
4 27 (16.98%) Python
5 17 (10.69%) JavaScript
5 17 (10.69%) TypeScript
6 10 (6.29%) T-SQL
7 8 (5.03%) Java 8
7 8 (5.03%) R
8 7 (4.40%) C
9 6 (3.77%) C++
10 5 (3.14%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
10 5 (3.14%) Kotlin
11 4 (2.52%) Scala
12 2 (1.26%) Perl
12 2 (1.26%) PowerShell
13 1 (0.63%) Bash Shell
13 1 (0.63%) ES6
13 1 (0.63%) ES7
13 1 (0.63%) PHP
Qualifications
1 15 (9.43%) Degree
2 13 (8.18%) Security Cleared
3 11 (6.92%) ISTQB
4 8 (5.03%) ISEB
4 8 (5.03%) SC Cleared
5 3 (1.89%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (1.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 2 (1.26%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.63%) CHECK Team Member
7 1 (0.63%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.63%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (18.24%) QA
2 2 (1.26%) GDPR
2 2 (1.26%) IFRS
2 2 (1.26%) Solvency II
2 2 (1.26%) WCAG
3 1 (0.63%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.63%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.63%) EMIR
3 1 (0.63%) MiFID
System Software
1 23 (14.47%) Docker
2 3 (1.89%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 18 (11.32%) Kubernetes
2 10 (6.29%) Terraform
3 7 (4.40%) Opscode Chef
3 7 (4.40%) Puppet
4 6 (3.77%) Ansible
5 4 (2.52%) HP Quality Center
6 3 (1.89%) Prometheus
6 3 (1.89%) Zipkin
7 2 (1.26%) Kibana
7 2 (1.26%) Salt
7 2 (1.26%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (0.63%) Grafana
8 1 (0.63%) HP ALM
8 1 (0.63%) ITRS Geneos
8 1 (0.63%) logstash
8 1 (0.63%) Packer
Vendors
1 20 (12.58%) Microsoft
2 13 (8.18%) Oracle
3 6 (3.77%) Google
3 6 (3.77%) HP
4 3 (1.89%) Atlassian
4 3 (1.89%) Databricks
4 3 (1.89%) Red Hat
5 2 (1.26%) Adobe
5 2 (1.26%) CyberArk
5 2 (1.26%) IBM
5 2 (1.26%) SaltStack
5 2 (1.26%) SAP
6 1 (0.63%) Cadence
6 1 (0.63%) DevExpress
6 1 (0.63%) GoldenSource
6 1 (0.63%) Novell
6 1 (0.63%) Pega
6 1 (0.63%) PeopleSoft
6 1 (0.63%) Sun
6 1 (0.63%) Sybase