Period
to 23 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 34 42 29
Rank change year-on-year +8 -13 +1
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 97 295 429
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.46% 4.75% 6.24%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.20% 5.27% 7.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 68 228 371
Median daily rate £568 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.83% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £331 £363 £356
90th Percentile £775 £700 £625
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Median hourly rate £55.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 - £35.00

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,564 5,596 5,991
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.06% 90.08% 87.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,098 4,376 4,771
Median daily rate £510 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.86% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £318 £339 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £510 £515 £500
% change year-on-year -0.97% +3.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 70 102
Median hourly rate £34.25 £18.33 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +86.85% -1.98% -
10th Percentile £14.55 £11.25 £13.02
90th Percentile £52.03 £53.75 £32.25
Median hourly rate £33.50 £19.48 £18.70
% change year-on-year +71.95% +4.18% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 54 (55.67%) Agile Software Development
2 43 (44.33%) Java
3 32 (32.99%) Git (software)
4 28 (28.87%) Finance
5 27 (27.84%) Azure
6 24 (24.74%) DevOps
7 23 (23.71%) AWS
8 22 (22.68%) SQL
8 22 (22.68%) Microservices
9 21 (21.65%) Scrum
10 19 (19.59%) C#
10 19 (19.59%) TDD
11 18 (18.56%) SQL Server
12 17 (17.53%) Continuous Integration
13 16 (16.49%) OO
13 16 (16.49%) Docker
13 16 (16.49%) Continuous Delivery
13 16 (16.49%) SDLC
14 15 (15.46%) Jenkins
14 15 (15.46%) BDD
14 15 (15.46%) Maven
15 14 (14.43%) RESTful
15 14 (14.43%) Python
15 14 (14.43%) Kubernetes
16 13 (13.40%) NoSQL
16 13 (13.40%) OOD
17 12 (12.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 12 (12.37%) Linux
17 12 (12.37%) CSS
17 12 (12.37%) JavaScript

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 3 (3.09%) Apache Spark
2 2 (2.06%) Confluence
3 1 (1.03%) CMS
3 1 (1.03%) Jupyter
3 1 (1.03%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (2.06%) Figma
1 2 (2.06%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (2.06%) Workfront
2 1 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (1.03%) Oracle ERP
2 1 (1.03%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 1 (1.03%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 27 (27.84%) Azure
2 23 (23.71%) AWS
3 11 (11.34%) GCP
4 4 (4.12%) GitHub
4 4 (4.12%) Slack
5 3 (3.09%) Azure Active Directory
5 3 (3.09%) Logic Apps
5 3 (3.09%) PaaS
5 3 (3.09%) Serverless
6 2 (2.06%) Amazon EC2
6 2 (2.06%) Azure Functions
6 2 (2.06%) IaaS
6 2 (2.06%) Power Platform
6 2 (2.06%) PowerApps
6 2 (2.06%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 1 (1.03%) Amazon Cognito
7 1 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (1.03%) BlazeMeter
7 1 (1.03%) Coveralls
7 1 (1.03%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 8 (8.25%) HTTPS
1 8 (8.25%) SSL
2 3 (3.09%) DNS
3 2 (2.06%) DHCP
3 2 (2.06%) HTTP
4 1 (1.03%) 2G
4 1 (1.03%) 3G
4 1 (1.03%) 3GPP
4 1 (1.03%) BGP
4 1 (1.03%) Firewall
4 1 (1.03%) GSM
4 1 (1.03%) LTE
4 1 (1.03%) MPLS
4 1 (1.03%) OpenFlow
4 1 (1.03%) OSPF
4 1 (1.03%) TCP/IP
4 1 (1.03%) UMTS
4 1 (1.03%) Wi-Fi
4 1 (1.03%) Wireless
4 1 (1.03%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (18.56%) SQL Server
2 13 (13.40%) NoSQL
3 4 (4.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 3 (3.09%) Cosmos DB
4 3 (3.09%) Parquet
4 3 (3.09%) Redis
5 2 (2.06%) Azure SQL Database
5 2 (2.06%) Data Warehouse
5 2 (2.06%) MongoDB
5 2 (2.06%) OLTP
6 1 (1.03%) Data Mart
6 1 (1.03%) Microsoft Analysis Services
6 1 (1.03%) MySQL
6 1 (1.03%) OLAP
6 1 (1.03%) Oracle Reports
6 1 (1.03%) PowerPivot
6 1 (1.03%) RDBMS
6 1 (1.03%) SQL Server 2008
6 1 (1.03%) SQL Server Analysis Services
6 1 (1.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 32 (32.99%) Git (software)
2 15 (15.46%) Jenkins
2 15 (15.46%) Maven
3 11 (11.34%) JIRA
4 10 (10.31%) Cucumber
4 10 (10.31%) Robot Framework
5 9 (9.28%) Selenium
6 5 (5.15%) JMeter
6 5 (5.15%) JUnit
7 4 (4.12%) Gradle
7 4 (4.12%) Jasmine
7 4 (4.12%) Team Foundation Server
7 4 (4.12%) WebDriver
8 3 (3.09%) Bitbucket
8 3 (3.09%) GitLab
8 3 (3.09%) Octopus Deploy
8 3 (3.09%) Postman
8 3 (3.09%) Visual Studio Team System
9 2 (2.06%) TestNG
9 2 (2.06%) WebLOAD
General
1 28 (28.87%) Finance
2 6 (6.19%) Banking
3 5 (5.15%) Public Sector
4 4 (4.12%) Front Office
4 4 (4.12%) Marketing
5 2 (2.06%) Investment Banking
5 2 (2.06%) Police
6 1 (1.03%) Games
6 1 (1.03%) Law
6 1 (1.03%) Retail
6 1 (1.03%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 55 (56.70%) Developer
2 26 (26.80%) Java Developer
3 10 (10.31%) Agile Developer
3 10 (10.31%) Agile Java Developer
3 10 (10.31%) C# Developer
3 10 (10.31%) Electronic Trading Developer
3 10 (10.31%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
4 7 (7.22%) Tester
5 6 (6.19%) Architect
6 5 (5.15%) Test Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Analyst
7 4 (4.12%) DevOps Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Python Developer
7 4 (4.12%) Senior Developer
7 4 (4.12%) Test Manager
8 3 (3.09%) AWS Engineer
8 3 (3.09%) Azure Developer
8 3 (3.09%) Development Engineer
8 3 (3.09%) Integration Developer
8 3 (3.09%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (14.43%) RESTful
2 12 (12.37%) CSS
2 12 (12.37%) Spring
3 11 (11.34%) AngularJS
3 11 (11.34%) React
3 11 (11.34%) REST
4 10 (10.31%) .NET
4 10 (10.31%) Spring Security
5 8 (8.25%) Guice
5 8 (8.25%) JAAS
5 8 (8.25%) WCF
6 7 (7.22%) Reactive Extensions
6 7 (7.22%) Redux
7 6 (6.19%) Web Services
8 4 (4.12%) .NET Core
8 4 (4.12%) .NET Framework
8 4 (4.12%) Entity Framework
8 4 (4.12%) HTML
8 4 (4.12%) Kafka
8 4 (4.12%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 12 (12.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 11 (11.34%) Derivative
2 11 (11.34%) Fixed Income
3 4 (4.12%) Virtual Team
4 3 (3.09%) Equities
4 3 (3.09%) Self-Motivation
4 3 (3.09%) User Experience
5 2 (2.06%) Analytical Skills
5 2 (2.06%) Management Information System
5 2 (2.06%) Taxonomies
6 1 (1.03%) Algorithms
6 1 (1.03%) Data Centre
6 1 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (1.03%) Equity Derivative
6 1 (1.03%) Greenfield Project
6 1 (1.03%) Hybrid Cloud
6 1 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (1.03%) Reference Data
6 1 (1.03%) Replication
6 1 (1.03%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 12 (12.37%) Linux
2 8 (8.25%) Unix
3 3 (3.09%) Windows
4 2 (2.06%) Android
4 2 (2.06%) Mac OS
4 2 (2.06%) Mac OS X
4 2 (2.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (1.03%) AIX
5 1 (1.03%) Android TV
Processes & Methodologies
1 54 (55.67%) Agile Software Development
2 24 (24.74%) DevOps
3 22 (22.68%) Microservices
4 21 (21.65%) Scrum
5 19 (19.59%) TDD
6 17 (17.53%) Continuous Integration
7 16 (16.49%) Continuous Delivery
7 16 (16.49%) OO
7 16 (16.49%) SDLC
8 15 (15.46%) BDD
9 13 (13.40%) OOD
10 11 (11.34%) Electronic Trading
10 11 (11.34%) Multithreading
11 10 (10.31%) Automated Trading
11 10 (10.31%) Test Strategy
12 8 (8.25%) AOP
12 8 (8.25%) Dependency Injection
12 8 (8.25%) Deployment Automation
12 8 (8.25%) Performance Tuning
13 7 (7.22%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 43 (44.33%) Java
2 22 (22.68%) SQL
3 19 (19.59%) C#
4 14 (14.43%) Python
5 12 (12.37%) JavaScript
6 8 (8.25%) TypeScript
7 6 (6.19%) Java 8
8 5 (5.15%) T-SQL
9 4 (4.12%) C
9 4 (4.12%) Kotlin
9 4 (4.12%) R
10 3 (3.09%) Perl
10 3 (3.09%) Scala
11 2 (2.06%) Bash Shell
11 2 (2.06%) C++
11 2 (2.06%) PowerShell
11 2 (2.06%) Ruby
12 1 (1.03%) Groovy
12 1 (1.03%) Objective-C
12 1 (1.03%) PHP
Qualifications
1 10 (10.31%) Security Cleared
2 5 (5.15%) Degree
3 4 (4.12%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (2.06%) DV Cleared
4 2 (2.06%) ISEB
4 2 (2.06%) SC Cleared
5 1 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (1.03%) DBS Check
5 1 (1.03%) ISTQB
5 1 (1.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (11.34%) QA
2 3 (3.09%) WCAG
3 1 (1.03%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (1.03%) Section 508
System Software
1 16 (16.49%) Docker
2 2 (2.06%) Active Directory
3 1 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 14 (14.43%) Kubernetes
2 8 (8.25%) Terraform
3 5 (5.15%) Opscode Chef
3 5 (5.15%) Puppet
4 4 (4.12%) Ansible
5 3 (3.09%) Prometheus
5 3 (3.09%) Zipkin
6 2 (2.06%) Salt
7 1 (1.03%) HP ALM
7 1 (1.03%) HP Quality Center
7 1 (1.03%) Packer
7 1 (1.03%) Rundeck
7 1 (1.03%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 4 (4.12%) Databricks
1 4 (4.12%) Microsoft
1 4 (4.12%) Oracle
2 3 (3.09%) Google
2 3 (3.09%) HP
2 3 (3.09%) Red Hat
2 3 (3.09%) SaltStack
3 2 (2.06%) Adobe
3 2 (2.06%) Atlassian
3 2 (2.06%) SAP
3 2 (2.06%) Splunk
4 1 (1.03%) Cadence
4 1 (1.03%) CyberArk
4 1 (1.03%) IBM
4 1 (1.03%) Nintex
4 1 (1.03%) Novell
4 1 (1.03%) Pega
4 1 (1.03%) PeopleSoft
4 1 (1.03%) Sun
4 1 (1.03%) Sybase