Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 27 31 38
Rank change year-on-year +4 +7 +9
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 466 416 367
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 6.64% 6.07% 5.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.67% 6.80% 6.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 395 333 296
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +4.11%
10th Percentile £358 £338 £326
90th Percentile £625 £638 £588
Central London median daily rate £500 £493 £456
% change year-on-year +1.52% +7.95% +1.39%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
City of London median hourly rate - - £32.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £32.50

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,076 6,115 5,882
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 86.54% 89.15% 87.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,839 4,815 4,724
City of London median daily rate £505 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.00% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £663
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 98 56 51
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -1.58% -5.00%
10th Percentile £13.00 £13.31 £11.25
90th Percentile £33.23 £31.13 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £19.00
% change year-on-year - -1.58% -5.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -12 32 £525 -
Moorgate -1 11 £475 -5.00%
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 297 (63.73%) Agile Software Development
2 182 (39.06%) Selenium
3 170 (36.48%) Java
4 123 (26.39%) QA
5 119 (25.54%) TDD
6 117 (25.11%) JavaScript
7 116 (24.89%) Scrum
8 115 (24.68%) Finance
9 108 (23.18%) Amazon AWS
10 101 (21.67%) Continuous Integration
11 99 (21.24%) Python
12 89 (19.10%) Jenkins
13 87 (18.67%) .NET
14 85 (18.24%) BDD
15 84 (18.03%) SQL
16 82 (17.60%) Docker
17 81 (17.38%) DevOps
18 80 (17.17%) C#
19 75 (16.09%) Banking
19 75 (16.09%) Git (software)
20 72 (15.45%) Cucumber
21 59 (12.66%) Unix
22 58 (12.45%) JIRA
22 58 (12.45%) Microservices
23 55 (11.80%) Bash Shell
23 55 (11.80%) WebDriver
24 53 (11.37%) REST
24 53 (11.37%) Linux
25 52 (11.16%) HTML
26 51 (10.94%) RESTful

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (6.44%) Confluence
2 14 (3.00%) Apache
3 7 (1.50%) Apache Spark
4 5 (1.07%) Drupal
4 5 (1.07%) Elasticsearch
5 4 (0.86%) Gunicorn
6 3 (0.64%) JBoss
6 3 (0.64%) NServiceBus
6 3 (0.64%) Tomcat
7 2 (0.43%) Apache Solr
7 2 (0.43%) Jetty
7 2 (0.43%) nginx
7 2 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.21%) Alfresco
8 1 (0.21%) Anypoint
8 1 (0.21%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.21%) Content Management Server
8 1 (0.21%) IIS
8 1 (0.21%) Mule
8 1 (0.21%) OpenStack
Applications
1 18 (3.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (3.65%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.64%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.86%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.64%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.43%) Summit
3 2 (0.43%) thinkFolio
4 1 (0.21%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 108 (23.18%) Amazon AWS
2 47 (10.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 30 (6.44%) GitHub
4 20 (4.29%) Amazon EC2
4 20 (4.29%) Amazon S3
5 14 (3.00%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 12 (2.58%) Google Cloud Platform
7 9 (1.93%) Heroku
8 8 (1.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 6 (1.29%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 6 (1.29%) IaaS
10 5 (1.07%) Akamai
10 5 (1.07%) Amazon SQS
10 5 (1.07%) Serverless
11 4 (0.86%) AWS Lambda
11 4 (0.86%) BrowserStack
11 4 (0.86%) PaaS
12 3 (0.64%) Google Tag Manager
12 3 (0.64%) OpenShift
12 3 (0.64%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 26 (5.58%) HTTP
2 16 (3.43%) TCP/IP
3 7 (1.50%) DNS
3 7 (1.50%) Internet
4 6 (1.29%) Skype
5 5 (1.07%) AMQP
6 4 (0.86%) SMS
7 3 (0.64%) DHCP
7 3 (0.64%) FTP
7 3 (0.64%) ICMP
7 3 (0.64%) Junos
7 3 (0.64%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.64%) MQTT
7 3 (0.64%) SSL
8 1 (0.21%) DMARC
8 1 (0.21%) Firewall
8 1 (0.21%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.21%) SCCP
8 1 (0.21%) Software-Defined Networking
8 1 (0.21%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (9.01%) SQL Server
2 34 (7.30%) NoSQL
3 20 (4.29%) Big Data
3 20 (4.29%) Relational Database
4 18 (3.86%) Hadoop
5 17 (3.65%) Apache Hive
6 16 (3.43%) Data Warehouse
7 14 (3.00%) Sqoop
8 13 (2.79%) Apache Cassandra
8 13 (2.79%) Impala
9 10 (2.15%) MongoDB
10 8 (1.72%) PostgreSQL
10 8 (1.72%) Redis
11 7 (1.50%) Data Lake
11 7 (1.50%) RDBMS
11 7 (1.50%) SQL Server 2012
12 6 (1.29%) MySQL
13 4 (0.86%) DB2
13 4 (0.86%) SQL Server 2016
13 4 (0.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 182 (39.06%) Selenium
2 89 (19.10%) Jenkins
3 75 (16.09%) Git (software)
4 72 (15.45%) Cucumber
5 58 (12.45%) JIRA
6 55 (11.80%) WebDriver
7 41 (8.80%) SpecFlow
8 38 (8.15%) Maven
9 29 (6.22%) Appium
10 25 (5.36%) JUnit
11 24 (5.15%) JMeter
12 21 (4.51%) Gradle
12 21 (4.51%) Visual Studio
13 19 (4.08%) TeamCity
14 17 (3.65%) Mockito
14 17 (3.65%) NUnit
15 16 (3.43%) Team Foundation Server
16 11 (2.36%) MSTest
16 11 (2.36%) webpack
17 10 (2.15%) Robot Framework
General
1 115 (24.68%) Finance
2 75 (16.09%) Banking
3 32 (6.87%) Front Office
4 26 (5.58%) Retail
5 13 (2.79%) Investment Banking
6 11 (2.36%) Telecoms
7 9 (1.93%) Advertising
7 9 (1.93%) Back Office
7 9 (1.93%) Marketing
8 8 (1.72%) Financial Institution
8 8 (1.72%) Games
9 7 (1.50%) Retail Banking
10 4 (0.86%) Law
11 2 (0.43%) International Banking
11 2 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.21%) Electronics
12 1 (0.21%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 160 (34.33%) Developer
2 53 (11.37%) Analyst
3 45 (9.66%) Tester
4 44 (9.44%) Java Developer
5 43 (9.23%) QA Engineer
6 37 (7.94%) Test Engineer
7 35 (7.51%) DevOps Engineer
8 33 (7.08%) Test Analyst
9 28 (6.01%) Automation Tester
10 23 (4.94%) Senior DevOps
11 22 (4.72%) Developer in Test
11 22 (4.72%) QA Automation Engineer
11 22 (4.72%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 22 (4.72%) Test Automation Engineer
12 21 (4.51%) Automation Engineer
12 21 (4.51%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 21 (4.51%) Senior Developer
13 16 (3.43%) C# Developer
14 15 (3.22%) QA Tester
15 14 (3.00%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (18.67%) .NET
2 53 (11.37%) REST
3 52 (11.16%) HTML
4 51 (10.94%) RESTful
5 40 (8.58%) AngularJS
5 40 (8.58%) CSS
6 39 (8.37%) Node.js
7 38 (8.15%) Web Services
8 35 (7.51%) Gherkin
9 33 (7.08%) React
9 33 (7.08%) Spring
10 25 (5.36%) JSON
11 22 (4.72%) HTML5
11 22 (4.72%) WCF
12 15 (3.22%) Spring Boot
13 14 (3.00%) ASP.NET Web API
13 14 (3.00%) XML
14 13 (2.79%) .NET Framework
14 13 (2.79%) Guice
14 13 (2.79%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 43 (9.23%) Greenfield Project
2 25 (5.36%) Fintech
3 21 (4.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 21 (4.51%) User Experience
4 17 (3.65%) Hedge funds
5 16 (3.43%) Analytical Skills
5 16 (3.43%) Fixed Income
6 15 (3.22%) Computer Science
6 15 (3.22%) Derivative
7 14 (3.00%) Equities
8 13 (2.79%) Wiki
9 12 (2.58%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (2.36%) Mobile App
10 11 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
11 10 (2.15%) Data Structures
12 9 (1.93%) Algorithms
12 9 (1.93%) Virtual Team
13 7 (1.50%) Data Centre
14 6 (1.29%) N-Tier
15 5 (1.07%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 59 (12.66%) Unix
2 53 (11.37%) Linux
3 18 (3.86%) Apple iOS
3 18 (3.86%) Windows
4 17 (3.65%) Android
5 5 (1.07%) Mac OS X
6 4 (0.86%) Ubuntu
7 3 (0.64%) CentOS
7 3 (0.64%) CoreOS
8 1 (0.21%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.21%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 297 (63.73%) Agile Software Development
2 119 (25.54%) TDD
3 116 (24.89%) Scrum
4 101 (21.67%) Continuous Integration
5 85 (18.24%) BDD
6 81 (17.38%) DevOps
7 58 (12.45%) Microservices
8 51 (10.94%) SDET
9 47 (10.09%) Unit Testing
10 46 (9.87%) OO
10 46 (9.87%) Problem-Solving
11 40 (8.58%) API Testing
12 38 (8.15%) Open Source
12 38 (8.15%) Test Scripting
13 37 (7.94%) Front End Development
13 37 (7.94%) Software Engineering
14 33 (7.08%) Continuous Delivery
15 32 (6.87%) Deployment Automation
16 31 (6.65%) Kanban
16 31 (6.65%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 170 (36.48%) Java
2 117 (25.11%) JavaScript
3 99 (21.24%) Python
4 84 (18.03%) SQL
5 80 (17.17%) C#
6 55 (11.80%) Bash Shell
7 44 (9.44%) Ruby
8 30 (6.44%) Java 8
9 21 (4.51%) TypeScript
10 20 (4.29%) PowerShell
11 18 (3.86%) Shell Script
12 17 (3.65%) Groovy
13 16 (3.43%) Korn
14 13 (2.79%) C++
15 11 (2.36%) PHP
16 10 (2.15%) Apple Swift
16 10 (2.15%) ES6
17 9 (1.93%) T-SQL
18 8 (1.72%) Scala
19 6 (1.29%) R
Qualifications
1 30 (6.44%) Degree
2 12 (2.58%) ISTQB
3 7 (1.50%) Security Cleared
4 6 (1.29%) ISEB
4 6 (1.29%) SC Cleared
5 5 (1.07%) Numerate Degree
6 4 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.43%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 1 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.21%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.21%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 123 (26.39%) QA
2 6 (1.29%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.64%) MiFID
4 2 (0.43%) GDPR
4 2 (0.43%) PSD2
5 1 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.21%) EMIR
5 1 (0.21%) HL7
System Software
1 82 (17.60%) Docker
2 14 (3.00%) HDFS
3 5 (1.07%) Varnish
4 3 (0.64%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.43%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.21%) Firmware
6 1 (0.21%) ProxySG
6 1 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 34 (7.30%) Kubernetes
2 31 (6.65%) Ansible
3 24 (5.15%) Puppet
4 17 (3.65%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (3.22%) Hadoop YARN
6 12 (2.58%) Prometheus
7 10 (2.15%) HP ALM
8 9 (1.93%) HP Quality Center
9 7 (1.50%) Terraform
10 4 (0.86%) Business Desktop Deployment
11 3 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.64%) Oozie
12 2 (0.43%) Kibana
12 2 (0.43%) logstash
12 2 (0.43%) Mesos
13 1 (0.21%) Consul
13 1 (0.21%) Rancher
13 1 (0.21%) rkt
13 1 (0.21%) StackStorm
13 1 (0.21%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 33 (7.08%) Oracle
2 32 (6.87%) Microsoft
3 19 (4.08%) Google
4 15 (3.22%) Cloudera
5 14 (3.00%) HP
6 11 (2.36%) New Relic
7 8 (1.72%) Cadence
8 6 (1.29%) ION Trading
9 5 (1.07%) Apple
9 5 (1.07%) Atlassian
9 5 (1.07%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 5 (1.07%) Perfecto Mobile
9 5 (1.07%) Rollbar
9 5 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
9 5 (1.07%) TIBCO
10 3 (0.64%) Alteryx
10 3 (0.64%) AppDynamics
10 3 (0.64%) Splunk
10 3 (0.64%) Tableau
10 3 (0.64%) Tealium