Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 34 30 37
Rank change year-on-year -4 +7 +24
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 417 411 367
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.94% 6.20% 5.43%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.82% 6.98% 6.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 360 326 299
City of London median daily rate £503 £475 £473
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.79% +0.53% +5.00%
10th Percentile £350 £326 £330
90th Percentile £625 £638 £588
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
City of London median hourly rate - - £32.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £32.50

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,116 5,889 5,938
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.17% 88.89% 87.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,848 4,551 4,777
City of London median daily rate £509 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.75% +5.26% +5.21%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 106 55 43
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £20.54 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.96% +2.70% -4.76%
10th Percentile £13.28 £13.33 £11.25
90th Percentile £27.03 £31.20 £46.31
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -1.58% -5.00% -2.44%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 31 £525 -
Moorgate +5 12 £475 -5.00%
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 250 (59.95%) Agile Software Development
2 158 (37.89%) Java
3 145 (34.77%) Selenium
4 105 (25.18%) Amazon AWS
5 100 (23.98%) Finance
6 98 (23.50%) JavaScript
6 98 (23.50%) QA
7 96 (23.02%) TDD
8 93 (22.30%) Scrum
9 91 (21.82%) Continuous Integration
10 86 (20.62%) Jenkins
11 83 (19.90%) SQL
12 81 (19.42%) Python
13 78 (18.71%) Docker
14 75 (17.99%) DevOps
14 75 (17.99%) .NET
15 74 (17.75%) Banking
15 74 (17.75%) Git (software)
16 72 (17.27%) C#
17 68 (16.31%) BDD
18 67 (16.07%) Cucumber
19 54 (12.95%) Bash Shell
20 53 (12.71%) Linux
21 50 (11.99%) Microsoft Azure
22 48 (11.51%) Unix
23 47 (11.27%) Unit Testing
23 47 (11.27%) JIRA
24 46 (11.03%) SDET
25 45 (10.79%) Microservices
26 44 (10.55%) REST

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (6.00%) Confluence
2 18 (4.32%) Apache
3 7 (1.68%) Apache Spark
4 5 (1.20%) JBoss
5 4 (0.96%) Drupal
5 4 (0.96%) Tomcat
6 3 (0.72%) nginx
7 2 (0.48%) CMS
7 2 (0.48%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.48%) Hubot
7 2 (0.48%) Jetty
7 2 (0.48%) NServiceBus
7 2 (0.48%) OpenStack
7 2 (0.48%) SharePoint
7 2 (0.48%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.24%) Alfresco
8 1 (0.24%) Content Management Server
8 1 (0.24%) Mule
8 1 (0.24%) Oracle Coherence
8 1 (0.24%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 15 (3.60%) Microsoft Excel
1 15 (3.60%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.24%) HipChat
2 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (1.20%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.72%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.48%) Summit
3 2 (0.48%) thinkFolio
4 1 (0.24%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 105 (25.18%) Amazon AWS
2 50 (11.99%) Microsoft Azure
3 32 (7.67%) GitHub
4 20 (4.80%) Amazon EC2
5 19 (4.56%) Amazon S3
6 14 (3.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 10 (2.40%) Google Cloud Platform
8 9 (2.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 8 (1.92%) Heroku
9 8 (1.92%) IaaS
10 6 (1.44%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
10 6 (1.44%) Serverless
11 5 (1.20%) Akamai
11 5 (1.20%) Amazon SQS
11 5 (1.20%) BrowserStack
11 5 (1.20%) PaaS
11 5 (1.20%) Sauce Labs
12 4 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
12 4 (0.96%) OpenShift
13 3 (0.72%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 19 (4.56%) HTTP
2 17 (4.08%) TCP/IP
3 9 (2.16%) DNS
4 7 (1.68%) AMQP
5 6 (1.44%) Internet
6 5 (1.20%) Skype
6 5 (1.20%) SMS
7 3 (0.72%) DHCP
7 3 (0.72%) FTP
7 3 (0.72%) ICMP
7 3 (0.72%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.72%) MQTT
7 3 (0.72%) SSL
8 2 (0.48%) DKIM
8 2 (0.48%) DMARC
8 2 (0.48%) Firewall
8 2 (0.48%) Software-Defined Networking
9 1 (0.24%) SCCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (8.15%) SQL Server
2 32 (7.67%) NoSQL
3 21 (5.04%) Big Data
4 18 (4.32%) Hadoop
4 18 (4.32%) Relational Database
5 16 (3.84%) Apache Hive
6 13 (3.12%) Data Warehouse
6 13 (3.12%) Impala
6 13 (3.12%) Sqoop
7 12 (2.88%) Apache Cassandra
8 10 (2.40%) PostgreSQL
9 9 (2.16%) Redis
10 8 (1.92%) Data Lake
11 7 (1.68%) MongoDB
12 6 (1.44%) MySQL
12 6 (1.44%) SQL Server 2012
13 5 (1.20%) RDBMS
14 4 (0.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 3 (0.72%) BigQuery
15 3 (0.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 145 (34.77%) Selenium
2 86 (20.62%) Jenkins
3 74 (17.75%) Git (software)
4 67 (16.07%) Cucumber
5 47 (11.27%) JIRA
6 42 (10.07%) Maven
7 39 (9.35%) WebDriver
8 36 (8.63%) SpecFlow
9 29 (6.95%) JUnit
10 25 (6.00%) Gradle
11 24 (5.76%) Appium
12 23 (5.52%) TeamCity
13 17 (4.08%) Visual Studio
14 15 (3.60%) Team Foundation Server
15 14 (3.36%) JMeter
15 14 (3.36%) Mockito
16 9 (2.16%) GitLab
16 9 (2.16%) Jasmine
16 9 (2.16%) NUnit
16 9 (2.16%) webpack
General
1 100 (23.98%) Finance
2 74 (17.75%) Banking
3 27 (6.47%) Retail
4 23 (5.52%) Front Office
5 14 (3.36%) Telecoms
6 13 (3.12%) Investment Banking
7 10 (2.40%) Financial Institution
8 9 (2.16%) Advertising
8 9 (2.16%) Games
8 9 (2.16%) Marketing
8 9 (2.16%) Retail Banking
9 8 (1.92%) Back Office
10 2 (0.48%) Law
10 2 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.24%) Electronics
11 1 (0.24%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 143 (34.29%) Developer
2 41 (9.83%) Java Developer
2 41 (9.83%) Tester
3 40 (9.59%) Analyst
4 37 (8.87%) QA Engineer
5 33 (7.91%) DevOps Engineer
6 28 (6.71%) Automation Tester
7 24 (5.76%) Test Analyst
8 21 (5.04%) Automation Engineer
8 21 (5.04%) Test Engineer
9 20 (4.80%) QA Automation Engineer
9 20 (4.80%) Senior Developer
9 20 (4.80%) Senior DevOps
10 19 (4.56%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 18 (4.32%) Developer in Test
12 15 (3.60%) Architect
12 15 (3.60%) Software Engineer
13 13 (3.12%) C# Developer
13 13 (3.12%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 13 (3.12%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (17.99%) .NET
2 44 (10.55%) REST
3 41 (9.83%) RESTful
4 40 (9.59%) Node.js
5 37 (8.87%) Gherkin
5 37 (8.87%) Web Services
6 36 (8.63%) AngularJS
7 34 (8.15%) HTML
7 34 (8.15%) Spring
8 25 (6.00%) JSON
9 23 (5.52%) CSS
10 21 (5.04%) WCF
11 20 (4.80%) HTML5
11 20 (4.80%) React
12 15 (3.60%) XML
13 14 (3.36%) ASP.NET Web API
13 14 (3.36%) Guice
13 14 (3.36%) SOAP
13 14 (3.36%) Spring Boot
14 13 (3.12%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 31 (7.43%) Greenfield Project
2 23 (5.52%) Fintech
3 17 (4.08%) Computer Science
3 17 (4.08%) User Experience
4 16 (3.84%) Virtual Team
5 15 (3.60%) Fixed Income
5 15 (3.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 14 (3.36%) Analytical Skills
7 13 (3.12%) Derivative
7 13 (3.12%) Wiki
8 11 (2.64%) Algorithms
8 11 (2.64%) Data Structures
9 10 (2.40%) Equities
9 10 (2.40%) Hedge funds
10 9 (2.16%) Linux Command Line
11 8 (1.92%) Mobile App
12 6 (1.44%) N-Tier
13 5 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
14 4 (0.96%) Data Centre
14 4 (0.96%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 53 (12.71%) Linux
2 48 (11.51%) Unix
3 20 (4.80%) Apple iOS
4 19 (4.56%) Android
5 18 (4.32%) Windows
6 5 (1.20%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.96%) CentOS
8 3 (0.72%) CoreOS
8 3 (0.72%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.24%) VMS
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 250 (59.95%) Agile Software Development
2 96 (23.02%) TDD
3 93 (22.30%) Scrum
4 91 (21.82%) Continuous Integration
5 75 (17.99%) DevOps
6 68 (16.31%) BDD
7 47 (11.27%) Unit Testing
8 46 (11.03%) SDET
9 45 (10.79%) Microservices
10 44 (10.55%) OO
11 42 (10.07%) Software Engineering
12 41 (9.83%) Test Scripting
13 35 (8.39%) API Testing
13 35 (8.39%) Deployment Automation
14 33 (7.91%) Problem-Solving
15 31 (7.43%) Front End Development
16 30 (7.19%) Continuous Delivery
16 30 (7.19%) Open Source
17 28 (6.71%) Kanban
17 28 (6.71%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 158 (37.89%) Java
2 98 (23.50%) JavaScript
3 83 (19.90%) SQL
4 81 (19.42%) Python
5 72 (17.27%) C#
6 54 (12.95%) Bash Shell
7 41 (9.83%) Ruby
8 33 (7.91%) Java 8
9 23 (5.52%) PowerShell
10 18 (4.32%) TypeScript
11 16 (3.84%) C++
11 16 (3.84%) Groovy
11 16 (3.84%) Korn
12 15 (3.60%) Shell Script
13 11 (2.64%) Apple Swift
14 9 (2.16%) PHP
14 9 (2.16%) T-SQL
15 8 (1.92%) C
15 8 (1.92%) R
15 8 (1.92%) Scala
Qualifications
1 28 (6.71%) Degree
2 11 (2.64%) Security Cleared
3 10 (2.40%) SC Cleared
4 5 (1.20%) ISTQB
5 4 (0.96%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (0.96%) ISEB
5 4 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.24%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.24%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.24%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.24%) OSCE
6 1 (0.24%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 98 (23.50%) QA
2 4 (0.96%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.72%) GCP
3 3 (0.72%) MiFID
3 3 (0.72%) PSD2
4 2 (0.48%) GDPR
4 2 (0.48%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 1 (0.24%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.24%) EMIR
5 1 (0.24%) HL7
System Software
1 78 (18.71%) Docker
2 13 (3.12%) HDFS
3 5 (1.20%) Varnish
4 4 (0.96%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.48%) ProxySG
6 1 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 31 (7.43%) Kubernetes
2 30 (7.19%) Ansible
3 27 (6.47%) Puppet
4 18 (4.32%) Opscode Chef
5 16 (3.84%) Hadoop YARN
6 11 (2.64%) Prometheus
7 7 (1.68%) HP ALM
7 7 (1.68%) HP Quality Center
7 7 (1.68%) Terraform
8 4 (0.96%) Business Desktop Deployment
9 3 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
9 3 (0.72%) Mesos
9 3 (0.72%) Rancher
10 2 (0.48%) Consul
10 2 (0.48%) Oozie
10 2 (0.48%) StackStorm
11 1 (0.24%) CA Service Virtualization
11 1 (0.24%) HockeyApp
11 1 (0.24%) rkt
11 1 (0.24%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 30 (7.19%) Oracle
2 22 (5.28%) Microsoft
3 17 (4.08%) Google
4 15 (3.60%) Cloudera
5 14 (3.36%) New Relic
6 13 (3.12%) HP
7 7 (1.68%) Rollbar
7 7 (1.68%) Splunk
8 5 (1.20%) Apple
8 5 (1.20%) Atlassian
8 5 (1.20%) Cadence
8 5 (1.20%) ION Trading
9 3 (0.72%) Alteryx
9 3 (0.72%) Guidewire
9 3 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
9 3 (0.72%) Tableau
9 3 (0.72%) Tealium
10 2 (0.48%) Hortonworks
10 2 (0.48%) MapR
10 2 (0.48%) Talend