Period
to 15 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 15 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
15 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 36 28 31
Rank change year-on-year -8 +3 +4
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 308 472 421
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.24% 6.69% 5.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.84% 7.66% 6.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 241 390 339
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £352
90th Percentile £725 £625 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
City of London median hourly rate £48.50 - £65.00
10th Percentile £44.75 - £62.50
90th Percentile £52.25 - £67.50
Central London median hourly rate £48.50 £35.00 £65.00
% change year-on-year +38.57% -46.15% +100.00%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,271 6,159 6,407
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 89.60% 87.35% 89.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,131 4,902 5,083
City of London median daily rate £525 £505 £505
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.96% - +6.32%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 57 97 62
City of London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +1.60% -6.50%
10th Percentile £12.02 £13.19 £13.32
90th Percentile £52.85 £33.30 £30.75
Central London median hourly rate £20.83 £19.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +9.63% - -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 15 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -8 1 £500 -4.76% 1
Moorgate -13 1 - -
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 15 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 193 (62.66%) Agile Software Development
2 133 (43.18%) Java
3 100 (32.47%) C#
4 96 (31.17%) Finance
5 80 (25.97%) TDD
5 80 (25.97%) DevOps
6 75 (24.35%) JavaScript
7 71 (23.05%) Scrum
8 70 (22.73%) SQL
8 70 (22.73%) Continuous Integration
9 69 (22.40%) QA
10 67 (21.75%) Selenium
11 59 (19.16%) Microservices
12 58 (18.83%) Azure
13 54 (17.53%) Unit Testing
13 54 (17.53%) BDD
14 53 (17.21%) Cucumber
15 52 (16.88%) AWS
16 50 (16.23%) RESTful
16 50 (16.23%) Python
17 47 (15.26%) Web Services
18 44 (14.29%) Banking
19 43 (13.96%) .NET
20 42 (13.64%) SQL Server
20 42 (13.64%) Git (software)
20 42 (13.64%) Kanban
20 42 (13.64%) AngularJS
21 39 (12.66%) HTML
21 39 (12.66%) CSS
21 39 (12.66%) React

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (7.14%) Confluence
2 9 (2.92%) Apache Spark
2 9 (2.92%) Elasticsearch
3 6 (1.95%) Apache
4 5 (1.62%) nginx
5 4 (1.30%) Anypoint
6 3 (0.97%) JBoss
6 3 (0.97%) SharePoint
7 2 (0.65%) Apache Airflow
7 2 (0.65%) CMS
7 2 (0.65%) Jetty
7 2 (0.65%) Luigi
7 2 (0.65%) Mule
7 2 (0.65%) OpenStack
7 2 (0.65%) Oracle Self-Service HR
7 2 (0.65%) Tomcat
7 2 (0.65%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.32%) Mule ESB
8 1 (0.32%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 5 (1.62%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.32%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.32%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.32%) Markit EDM
2 1 (0.32%) MoSes
2 1 (0.32%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 58 (18.83%) Azure
2 52 (16.88%) AWS
3 17 (5.52%) Cloud Computing
3 17 (5.52%) GitHub
4 15 (4.87%) Azure Data Factory
4 15 (4.87%) Power Platform
5 12 (3.90%) Serverless
6 9 (2.92%) Azure Functions
7 8 (2.60%) GCP
8 7 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
8 7 (2.27%) Data Lake Analytics
9 5 (1.62%) Azure Active Directory
10 4 (1.30%) PaaS
10 4 (1.30%) SaaS
11 3 (0.97%) AWS CloudFormation
11 3 (0.97%) OpenShift
12 2 (0.65%) AWS CodePipeline
12 2 (0.65%) AWS Fargate
12 2 (0.65%) Google Play
12 2 (0.65%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.27%) Multicast
2 3 (0.97%) DNS
2 3 (0.97%) HTTP
2 3 (0.97%) Internet
3 2 (0.65%) Kerberos
3 2 (0.65%) SSH
4 1 (0.32%) AMQP
4 1 (0.32%) DHCP
4 1 (0.32%) Firewall
4 1 (0.32%) FTP
4 1 (0.32%) IPsec
4 1 (0.32%) SSL
4 1 (0.32%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (13.64%) SQL Server
2 25 (8.12%) Relational Database
3 21 (6.82%) MongoDB
4 20 (6.49%) MySQL
5 15 (4.87%) NoSQL
5 15 (4.87%) Power BI
6 12 (3.90%) PostgreSQL
7 11 (3.57%) Azure SQL Database
7 11 (3.57%) Data Lake
7 11 (3.57%) Redis
7 11 (3.57%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 9 (2.92%) Big Data
9 8 (2.60%) SQL Server 2014
10 7 (2.27%) Data Warehouse
10 7 (2.27%) Hadoop
10 7 (2.27%) Microsoft Analysis Services
10 7 (2.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 6 (1.95%) Apache Cassandra
11 6 (1.95%) SQL Server 2017
12 5 (1.62%) HBase
Development Applications
1 67 (21.75%) Selenium
2 53 (17.21%) Cucumber
3 42 (13.64%) Git (software)
4 33 (10.71%) Jenkins
4 33 (10.71%) JIRA
5 25 (8.12%) TeamCity
6 22 (7.14%) SpecFlow
7 17 (5.52%) Visual Studio Team System
8 15 (4.87%) WebDriver
9 12 (3.90%) Team Foundation Server
10 10 (3.25%) JUnit
10 10 (3.25%) Octopus Deploy
11 9 (2.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 9 (2.92%) JMeter
12 7 (2.27%) Fiddler
12 7 (2.27%) Visual Studio
13 6 (1.95%) IntelliJ
13 6 (1.95%) Moq
13 6 (1.95%) NUnit
14 5 (1.62%) MSTest
General
1 96 (31.17%) Finance
2 44 (14.29%) Banking
3 19 (6.17%) Front Office
4 16 (5.19%) Law
5 11 (3.57%) Investment Banking
6 10 (3.25%) Back Office
7 9 (2.92%) Public Sector
8 8 (2.60%) Legal
9 7 (2.27%) Marketing
10 6 (1.95%) Retail
11 5 (1.62%) Advertising
12 2 (0.65%) Publishing
12 2 (0.65%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.32%) Electronics
13 1 (0.32%) Games
13 1 (0.32%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 138 (44.81%) Developer
2 35 (11.36%) Java Developer
2 35 (11.36%) Senior Developer
2 35 (11.36%) Tester
3 28 (9.09%) C# Developer
4 25 (8.12%) Analyst
5 20 (6.49%) Automation Tester
5 20 (6.49%) DevOps Engineer
6 17 (5.52%) .NET Developer
6 17 (5.52%) Test Engineer
7 15 (4.87%) Test Analyst
7 15 (4.87%) Test Automation Engineer
8 12 (3.90%) QA Engineer
8 12 (3.90%) Senior Java Developer
9 11 (3.57%) Azure Engineer
10 10 (3.25%) Azure DevOps
10 10 (3.25%) Full Stack Developer
10 10 (3.25%) Python Developer
10 10 (3.25%) React Developer
11 9 (2.92%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (16.23%) RESTful
2 47 (15.26%) Web Services
3 43 (13.96%) .NET
4 42 (13.64%) AngularJS
5 39 (12.66%) CSS
5 39 (12.66%) HTML
5 39 (12.66%) React
6 20 (6.49%) REST
6 20 (6.49%) Spring
7 18 (5.84%) Kafka
8 17 (5.52%) Gherkin
8 17 (5.52%) Node.js
9 16 (5.19%) Redux
10 15 (4.87%) HTML5
11 14 (4.55%) JSON
12 12 (3.90%) SOAP
12 12 (3.90%) WCF
13 11 (3.57%) .NET Core
14 10 (3.25%) XML
15 8 (2.60%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 24 (7.79%) Greenfield Project
2 14 (4.55%) Derivative
2 14 (4.55%) Equities
3 13 (4.22%) Data Structures
4 12 (3.90%) Hedge funds
4 12 (3.90%) User Experience
5 8 (2.60%) Algorithms
5 8 (2.60%) Mobile App
6 7 (2.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (1.95%) Analytical Skills
7 6 (1.95%) Management Information System
8 4 (1.30%) Fixed Income
8 4 (1.30%) Social Media
9 3 (0.97%) Cloud Native
9 3 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
9 3 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
10 2 (0.65%) Blog
10 2 (0.65%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 2 (0.65%) Market Risk
10 2 (0.65%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 28 (9.09%) Linux
2 15 (4.87%) Unix
3 10 (3.25%) Windows
4 8 (2.60%) Android
5 5 (1.62%) Apple iOS
6 4 (1.30%) Mac OS X
7 3 (0.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.97%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.65%) CentOS
8 2 (0.65%) Debian
8 2 (0.65%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.65%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 193 (62.66%) Agile Software Development
2 80 (25.97%) DevOps
2 80 (25.97%) TDD
3 71 (23.05%) Scrum
4 70 (22.73%) Continuous Integration
5 59 (19.16%) Microservices
6 54 (17.53%) BDD
6 54 (17.53%) Unit Testing
7 42 (13.64%) Kanban
8 37 (12.01%) Continuous Delivery
9 36 (11.69%) OO
10 29 (9.42%) Regression Testing
10 29 (9.42%) SDLC
10 29 (9.42%) Software Engineering
11 27 (8.77%) Continuous Improvement
11 27 (8.77%) Multithreading
11 27 (8.77%) OOP
12 26 (8.44%) Problem-Solving
13 25 (8.12%) Deployment Automation
14 24 (7.79%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 133 (43.18%) Java
2 100 (32.47%) C#
3 75 (24.35%) JavaScript
4 70 (22.73%) SQL
5 50 (16.23%) Python
6 27 (8.77%) TypeScript
7 16 (5.19%) Ruby
8 15 (4.87%) Scala
9 14 (4.55%) C++
9 14 (4.55%) PHP
10 13 (4.22%) Java 8
11 10 (3.25%) PowerShell
12 9 (2.92%) Groovy
12 9 (2.92%) T-SQL
13 7 (2.27%) Go
13 7 (2.27%) Perl
14 5 (1.62%) Apex Code
14 5 (1.62%) Bash Shell
15 4 (1.30%) Kotlin
15 4 (1.30%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 24 (7.79%) Degree
2 14 (4.55%) ISTQB
3 10 (3.25%) Security Cleared
4 9 (2.92%) ISEB
4 9 (2.92%) SC Cleared
5 6 (1.95%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 3 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
7 2 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.65%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.32%) CHECK Team Member
8 1 (0.32%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.32%) GPEN
8 1 (0.32%) GWAPT
8 1 (0.32%) GXPN
8 1 (0.32%) ISEB Practitioner
8 1 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.32%) OSCE
8 1 (0.32%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 69 (22.40%) QA
2 1 (0.32%) EMIR
2 1 (0.32%) GDPR
2 1 (0.32%) MiFID
2 1 (0.32%) PCI DSS
2 1 (0.32%) WCAG
System Software
1 22 (7.14%) Docker
2 8 (2.60%) Virtual Machines
3 5 (1.62%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.32%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 18 (5.84%) Terraform
2 16 (5.19%) Ansible
3 14 (4.55%) Kubernetes
4 8 (2.60%) Puppet
5 4 (1.30%) Hadoop YARN
6 2 (0.65%) Grafana
6 2 (0.65%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (0.65%) Salt
7 1 (0.32%) Consul
7 1 (0.32%) Packer
Vendors
1 24 (7.79%) Microsoft
2 9 (2.92%) Google
2 9 (2.92%) Salesforce.com
3 8 (2.60%) Oracle
4 7 (2.27%) New Relic
4 7 (2.27%) Solace
4 7 (2.27%) Tableau
5 6 (1.95%) Atlassian
5 6 (1.95%) Databricks
5 6 (1.95%) Vermilion
6 5 (1.62%) MuleSoft
6 5 (1.62%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 4 (1.30%) Sybase
8 3 (0.97%) InterSystems
8 3 (0.97%) Kofax
8 3 (0.97%) Red Hat
8 3 (0.97%) SAP
9 2 (0.65%) Bloomberg
9 2 (0.65%) Informatica
9 2 (0.65%) Perforce