Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 31 36 44
Rank change year-on-year +5 +8 +10
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 427 391 372
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 6.03% 5.83% 4.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.82% 6.67% 4.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 344 319 306
City of London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £356 £356 £307
90th Percentile £638 £589 £600
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 2
City of London median hourly rate £65.00 £32.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +100.00% -13.33% -
10th Percentile £62.50 £31.25 £27.00
90th Percentile £67.50 £33.75 £52.00
Central London median hourly rate £65.00 £32.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +100.00% -13.33% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6261 5866 7755
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.43% 87.42% 83.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 4975 4699 6170
City of London median daily rate £513 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.89% +2.15% +3.33%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £288
90th Percentile £688 £663 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £460
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +3.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 59 55 74
City of London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%
10th Percentile £13.34 £12.15 £10.91
90th Percentile £30.90 £53.05 £40.00
Central London median hourly rate £20.25 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +6.58% -5.00% +11.14%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +3 1 - -
Moorgate -5 1 £500 -
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 266 (62.30%) Agile Software Development
2 215 (50.35%) Java
3 146 (34.19%) TDD
3 146 (34.19%) Finance
4 144 (33.72%) Banking
5 130 (30.44%) BDD
6 101 (23.65%) Selenium
7 100 (23.42%) Scrum
8 99 (23.19%) Continuous Integration
9 93 (21.78%) Git (software)
10 90 (21.08%) JavaScript
11 89 (20.84%) QA
12 87 (20.37%) SQL
13 85 (19.91%) DevOps
14 82 (19.20%) Software Engineering
15 77 (18.03%) HTML
16 75 (17.56%) C#
17 73 (17.10%) Cucumber
18 71 (16.63%) Jenkins
19 68 (15.93%) REST
20 67 (15.69%) Web Services
20 67 (15.69%) JIRA
21 64 (14.99%) Amazon AWS
22 61 (14.29%) CSS
23 57 (13.35%) Python
24 56 (13.11%) HTML5
25 54 (12.65%) Investment Banking
26 51 (11.94%) WebDriver
27 47 (11.01%) Degree
27 47 (11.01%) .NET

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (4.45%) Confluence
2 15 (3.51%) Apache
3 11 (2.58%) JBoss
4 8 (1.87%) Tomcat
5 5 (1.17%) SharePoint
6 3 (0.70%) Cloud Foundry
7 2 (0.47%) Apache Spark
7 2 (0.47%) CMS
7 2 (0.47%) Mule
8 1 (0.23%) Apache Pig
8 1 (0.23%) Drupal
8 1 (0.23%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.23%) nginx
8 1 (0.23%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.23%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.23%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (1.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.94%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.94%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 4 (0.94%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.47%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.23%) GIMP
4 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.23%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 3 (0.70%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (0.70%) Endur
1 3 (0.70%) Misys Midas
2 2 (0.47%) Bloomberg TOMS
2 2 (0.47%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.23%) IntelliMatch
3 1 (0.23%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle Assets
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle General Ledger
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle Internet Expenses
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle iProcurement
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.23%) Oracle Receivables
3 1 (0.23%) PeopleSoft CRM
3 1 (0.23%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 64 (14.99%) Amazon AWS
2 25 (5.85%) GitHub
3 23 (5.39%) Microsoft Azure
4 14 (3.28%) Serverless
5 12 (2.81%) Amazon EC2
5 12 (2.81%) AWS Lambda
6 9 (2.11%) OpenShift
7 7 (1.64%) IaaS
8 6 (1.41%) BrowserStack
9 5 (1.17%) Heroku
9 5 (1.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 4 (0.94%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (0.94%) npm
10 4 (0.94%) PaaS
10 4 (0.94%) Slack
11 3 (0.70%) CloudBees
11 3 (0.70%) SaaS
12 2 (0.47%) BlazeMeter
12 2 (0.47%) TestFlight
12 2 (0.47%) vREST
Communications & Networking
1 9 (2.11%) DNS
1 9 (2.11%) TCP/IP
2 7 (1.64%) HTTP
3 4 (0.94%) FTP
3 4 (0.94%) SSL
4 3 (0.70%) Cisco ASA
4 3 (0.70%) Cisco Nexus
4 3 (0.70%) Ethernet
4 3 (0.70%) Internet
4 3 (0.70%) SMS
5 2 (0.47%) BGP
5 2 (0.47%) Firewall
5 2 (0.47%) IPsec
5 2 (0.47%) MPLS
5 2 (0.47%) Network Security
5 2 (0.47%) tcpdump
5 2 (0.47%) Unified Communications
5 2 (0.47%) VPLS
5 2 (0.47%) VPN
6 1 (0.23%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (9.37%) MongoDB
2 39 (9.13%) Relational Database
3 34 (7.96%) SQL Server
4 27 (6.32%) RDBMS
5 25 (5.85%) Big Data
6 21 (4.92%) NoSQL
7 13 (3.04%) MySQL
7 13 (3.04%) PostgreSQL
8 12 (2.81%) Redis
9 11 (2.58%) Flink
10 10 (2.34%) Data Warehouse
11 8 (1.87%) SQL Server 2008
12 7 (1.64%) KDB
12 7 (1.64%) SQL Server 2016
13 5 (1.17%) Apache Hive
13 5 (1.17%) Hadoop
13 5 (1.17%) HBase
13 5 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 4 (0.94%) Impala
15 3 (0.70%) Kdb+
Development Applications
1 101 (23.65%) Selenium
2 93 (21.78%) Git (software)
3 73 (17.10%) Cucumber
4 71 (16.63%) Jenkins
5 67 (15.69%) JIRA
6 51 (11.94%) WebDriver
7 29 (6.79%) gulp
7 29 (6.79%) SpecFlow
8 27 (6.32%) Grunt
9 26 (6.09%) Appium
9 26 (6.09%) TeamCity
10 25 (5.85%) IntelliJ
11 22 (5.15%) Maven
12 19 (4.45%) JUnit
12 19 (4.45%) Team Foundation Server
13 16 (3.75%) Visual Studio
14 13 (3.04%) webpack
15 12 (2.81%) JMeter
16 11 (2.58%) Ant
17 10 (2.34%) Subversion
General
1 146 (34.19%) Finance
2 144 (33.72%) Banking
3 54 (12.65%) Investment Banking
4 31 (7.26%) Telecoms
5 23 (5.39%) Financial Institution
5 23 (5.39%) Retail
6 22 (5.15%) Games
7 21 (4.92%) Front Office
8 13 (3.04%) Manufacturing
9 12 (2.81%) Law
10 11 (2.58%) Billing
11 8 (1.87%) Back Office
12 6 (1.41%) Marketing
12 6 (1.41%) Retail Banking
13 5 (1.17%) Advertising
14 3 (0.70%) Legal
15 1 (0.23%) Electronics
15 1 (0.23%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
15 1 (0.23%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 204 (47.78%) Developer
2 91 (21.31%) Java Developer
3 71 (16.63%) Analyst
4 56 (13.11%) Test Analyst
5 40 (9.37%) Tester
6 35 (8.20%) Automation Test Analyst
6 35 (8.20%) Senior Developer
7 31 (7.26%) Test Engineer
8 28 (6.56%) .NET Developer
9 26 (6.09%) Test Automation Engineer
10 23 (5.39%) Automation Tester
11 22 (5.15%) DevOps Engineer
12 21 (4.92%) Developer in Test
12 21 (4.92%) Telecoms Developer
13 20 (4.68%) Games Developer
13 20 (4.68%) Java Games Developer
13 20 (4.68%) Telecoms Java Developer
14 19 (4.45%) Java Engineer
14 19 (4.45%) QA Engineer
15 18 (4.22%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 77 (18.03%) HTML
2 68 (15.93%) REST
3 67 (15.69%) Web Services
4 61 (14.29%) CSS
5 56 (13.11%) HTML5
6 47 (11.01%) .NET
7 40 (9.37%) React
8 36 (8.43%) AngularJS
9 34 (7.96%) JSON
10 31 (7.26%) RESTful
11 30 (7.03%) Gherkin
12 28 (6.56%) Spring
13 25 (5.85%) Dropwizard
14 23 (5.39%) SOAP
15 22 (5.15%) jQuery
16 21 (4.92%) Hystrix
16 21 (4.92%) Scalatra
17 20 (4.68%) Play Framework
18 18 (4.22%) Node.js
19 16 (3.75%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 45 (10.54%) Computer Science
2 43 (10.07%) Mobile App
3 29 (6.79%) Equities
4 28 (6.56%) Virtual Team
5 26 (6.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 25 (5.85%) Analytical Skills
7 20 (4.68%) Hedge funds
7 20 (4.68%) User Experience
8 19 (4.45%) Derivative
9 13 (3.04%) Greenfield Project
10 10 (2.34%) Fintech
10 10 (2.34%) Public Cloud
11 9 (2.11%) Reference Data
12 8 (1.87%) N-Tier
13 7 (1.64%) Fixed Income
14 5 (1.17%) Data Structures
14 5 (1.17%) Equity Derivative
14 5 (1.17%) Management Information System
14 5 (1.17%) Mobile Banking
14 5 (1.17%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 34 (7.96%) Linux
2 33 (7.73%) Android
3 25 (5.85%) Apple iOS
3 25 (5.85%) Unix
4 18 (4.22%) Windows
5 6 (1.41%) Solaris
6 4 (0.94%) CoreOS
7 3 (0.70%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.23%) CentOS
8 1 (0.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.23%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 266 (62.30%) Agile Software Development
2 146 (34.19%) TDD
3 130 (30.44%) BDD
4 100 (23.42%) Scrum
5 99 (23.19%) Continuous Integration
6 85 (19.91%) DevOps
7 82 (19.20%) Software Engineering
8 44 (10.30%) Kanban
8 44 (10.30%) MVC
8 44 (10.30%) Pair Programming
9 41 (9.60%) Front End Development
10 39 (9.13%) Test Strategy
11 37 (8.67%) Test Scripting
12 36 (8.43%) OO
12 36 (8.43%) SDLC
13 35 (8.20%) Web Development
14 33 (7.73%) SOA
15 32 (7.49%) E-Commerce
15 32 (7.49%) Mathematics
16 29 (6.79%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 215 (50.35%) Java
2 90 (21.08%) JavaScript
3 87 (20.37%) SQL
4 75 (17.56%) C#
5 57 (13.35%) Python
6 37 (8.67%) Ruby
7 27 (6.32%) Groovy
8 17 (3.98%) C++
9 16 (3.75%) Apple Swift
10 13 (3.04%) Objective-C
11 11 (2.58%) Bash Shell
12 7 (1.64%) ES6
12 7 (1.64%) Scala
13 5 (1.17%) Perl
14 4 (0.94%) Kotlin
14 4 (0.94%) T-SQL
15 3 (0.70%) PHP
15 3 (0.70%) PL/SQL
15 3 (0.70%) PowerShell
15 3 (0.70%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 47 (11.01%) Degree
2 21 (4.92%) Numerate Degree
3 17 (3.98%) Security Cleared
4 16 (3.75%) ISEB
5 14 (3.28%) ISTQB
6 12 (2.81%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 8 (1.87%) DV Cleared
8 7 (1.64%) SC Cleared
9 6 (1.41%) Computer Science Degree
10 1 (0.23%) CBAP
10 1 (0.23%) CFA
10 1 (0.23%) CHECK Team Member
10 1 (0.23%) IIBA
10 1 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 89 (20.84%) QA
2 7 (1.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (1.41%) MiFID
4 5 (1.17%) WCAG
5 3 (0.70%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.70%) SEPA
6 2 (0.47%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.47%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.23%) EMIR
System Software
1 46 (10.77%) Docker
2 4 (0.94%) iptables
3 2 (0.47%) Apache Flume
3 2 (0.47%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 19 (4.45%) Ansible
2 17 (3.98%) Puppet
3 16 (3.75%) Terraform
4 15 (3.51%) Kubernetes
5 12 (2.81%) HP Quality Center
6 9 (2.11%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (1.87%) Kibana
8 7 (1.64%) Grafana
9 6 (1.41%) Prometheus
10 5 (1.17%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (0.94%) SELinux
12 2 (0.47%) Oozie
12 2 (0.47%) Salt
13 1 (0.23%) Apache Slider
13 1 (0.23%) BladeLogic
13 1 (0.23%) Cacti
13 1 (0.23%) Icinga
13 1 (0.23%) logstash
13 1 (0.23%) Nagios
13 1 (0.23%) Rancher
Vendors
1 34 (7.96%) New Relic
2 30 (7.03%) Oracle
3 26 (6.09%) Microsoft
4 25 (5.85%) Sybase
5 15 (3.51%) HP
5 15 (3.51%) Salesforce.com
6 8 (1.87%) TIBCO
7 7 (1.64%) Red Hat
8 6 (1.41%) Facebook
8 6 (1.41%) Splunk
8 6 (1.41%) Xamarin
9 5 (1.17%) Atlassian
9 5 (1.17%) Perforce
10 4 (0.94%) Murex
10 4 (0.94%) TOWER Software
11 3 (0.70%) Bloomberg
11 3 (0.70%) Cisco
11 3 (0.70%) IBM
11 3 (0.70%) ION Trading
11 3 (0.70%) OpenLink