Period
to 24 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 36 38 27
Rank change year-on-year +2 -11 +4
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 100 300 477
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.10% 5.23% 6.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.81% 5.83% 7.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 74 238 391
Median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.71% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £331 £363 £360
90th Percentile £664 £708 £625
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £48.50 -
Central London median hourly rate - £48.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year - +38.57% -46.15%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,721 5,144 6,144
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.81% 89.66% 87.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,226 4,024 4,896
Median daily rate £525 £523 £512
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.48% +2.10% +0.84%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £688 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £505
% change year-on-year +2.44% +1.49% +1.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 55 94
Median hourly rate £32.00 £19.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +64.10% +2.63% -6.17%
10th Percentile £14.74 £12.01 £13.31
90th Percentile £47.75 £53.15 £32.10
Median hourly rate £32.00 £20.83 £19.00
% change year-on-year +53.62% +9.63% -7.32%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

For the 6 months to 24 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 60 (60.00%) Agile Software Development
2 37 (37.00%) Java
3 33 (33.00%) Git (software)
4 25 (25.00%) Azure
4 25 (25.00%) TDD
5 24 (24.00%) Scrum
5 24 (24.00%) DevOps
6 19 (19.00%) Python
6 19 (19.00%) BDD
7 18 (18.00%) OO
7 18 (18.00%) C#
8 17 (17.00%) SQL Server
8 17 (17.00%) Finance
8 17 (17.00%) QA
9 16 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
9 16 (16.00%) Maven
9 16 (16.00%) JavaScript
10 15 (15.00%) OOD
10 15 (15.00%) AWS
11 13 (13.00%) Multithreading
11 13 (13.00%) Electronic Trading
11 13 (13.00%) Selenium
11 13 (13.00%) Derivative
11 13 (13.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 13 (13.00%) SQL
11 13 (13.00%) Fixed Income
11 13 (13.00%) Microservices
11 13 (13.00%) Continuous Delivery
12 12 (12.00%) Robot Framework
12 12 (12.00%) Automated Trading

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (2.00%) Confluence
1 2 (2.00%) NServiceBus
2 1 (1.00%) Cloud Foundry
2 1 (1.00%) CMS
2 1 (1.00%) Jupyter
2 1 (1.00%) Oracle Coherence
2 1 (1.00%) SharePoint
Applications
1 1 (1.00%) Figma
1 1 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (1.00%) Oracle ERP
1 1 (1.00%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
1 1 (1.00%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 25 (25.00%) Azure
2 15 (15.00%) AWS
3 7 (7.00%) Azure Data Factory
4 6 (6.00%) GitHub
5 5 (5.00%) Serverless
6 4 (4.00%) Azure Functions
6 4 (4.00%) GCP
6 4 (4.00%) Logic Apps
6 4 (4.00%) Slack
7 3 (3.00%) Azure Active Directory
7 3 (3.00%) PaaS
7 3 (3.00%) Power Platform
8 2 (2.00%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (2.00%) OpenShift
8 2 (2.00%) PowerApps
8 2 (2.00%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 1 (1.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 1 (1.00%) Amazon ELB
9 1 (1.00%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1 (1.00%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 2 (2.00%) DNS
1 2 (2.00%) HTTPS
2 1 (1.00%) DHCP
2 1 (1.00%) Firewall
2 1 (1.00%) HTTP
2 1 (1.00%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (17.00%) SQL Server
2 6 (6.00%) NoSQL
3 5 (5.00%) MongoDB
4 4 (4.00%) Data Warehouse
4 4 (4.00%) MS Access
4 4 (4.00%) MySQL
5 3 (3.00%) Cosmos DB
5 3 (3.00%) Parquet
5 3 (3.00%) Redis
6 2 (2.00%) Azure SQL Database
6 2 (2.00%) OLTP
6 2 (2.00%) RDBMS
6 2 (2.00%) Relational Database
6 2 (2.00%) SQL Server 2014
6 2 (2.00%) SQL Server 2017
6 2 (2.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 1 (1.00%) Microsoft Analysis Services
7 1 (1.00%) OLAP
7 1 (1.00%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 1 (1.00%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 33 (33.00%) Git (software)
2 16 (16.00%) Maven
3 13 (13.00%) Selenium
4 12 (12.00%) Robot Framework
5 11 (11.00%) Jenkins
6 9 (9.00%) Cucumber
7 8 (8.00%) JIRA
8 6 (6.00%) Postman
9 5 (5.00%) Cypress.io
9 5 (5.00%) JMeter
9 5 (5.00%) JUnit
10 3 (3.00%) Bitbucket
10 3 (3.00%) Gradle
10 3 (3.00%) Jasmine
10 3 (3.00%) Mockito
10 3 (3.00%) NUnit
10 3 (3.00%) Team Foundation Server
10 3 (3.00%) TestNG
10 3 (3.00%) Visual Studio Team System
10 3 (3.00%) WebLOAD
General
1 17 (17.00%) Finance
2 11 (11.00%) Banking
3 5 (5.00%) Front Office
4 4 (4.00%) Investment Banking
4 4 (4.00%) Public Sector
5 3 (3.00%) Advertising
6 2 (2.00%) Law
6 2 (2.00%) Legal
6 2 (2.00%) Marketing
7 1 (1.00%) Back Office
7 1 (1.00%) Games
7 1 (1.00%) Retail
7 1 (1.00%) Retail Banking
7 1 (1.00%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 49 (49.00%) Developer
2 19 (19.00%) Java Developer
3 12 (12.00%) Agile Developer
3 12 (12.00%) Agile Java Developer
3 12 (12.00%) Electronic Trading Developer
3 12 (12.00%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
4 11 (11.00%) Tester
5 6 (6.00%) C# Developer
5 6 (6.00%) DevOps Engineer
5 6 (6.00%) Full Stack Developer
6 5 (5.00%) Senior Developer
6 5 (5.00%) Test Engineer
7 4 (4.00%) .NET Developer
7 4 (4.00%) Analyst
7 4 (4.00%) Architect
7 4 (4.00%) Python Developer
7 4 (4.00%) Software Development Engineer
7 4 (4.00%) Software Engineer
7 4 (4.00%) Software Test Engineer
7 4 (4.00%) Test Development Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (10.00%) .NET
1 10 (10.00%) AngularJS
1 10 (10.00%) REST
2 9 (9.00%) React
2 9 (9.00%) RESTful
3 8 (8.00%) Spring
4 7 (7.00%) CSS
5 5 (5.00%) Node.js
5 5 (5.00%) Spring Boot
6 4 (4.00%) .NET Framework
6 4 (4.00%) Django
6 4 (4.00%) HTML
7 3 (3.00%) Entity Framework
7 3 (3.00%) Gherkin
7 3 (3.00%) Kafka
7 3 (3.00%) Reactive Extensions
7 3 (3.00%) SignalR
7 3 (3.00%) Spring Security
7 3 (3.00%) WCF
7 3 (3.00%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 13 (13.00%) Derivative
1 13 (13.00%) Fixed Income
1 13 (13.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 3 (3.00%) Greenfield Project
2 3 (3.00%) User Experience
3 2 (2.00%) Algorithms
3 2 (2.00%) Analytical Skills
3 2 (2.00%) Equities
3 2 (2.00%) Management Information System
3 2 (2.00%) Over-the-Top Content
3 2 (2.00%) Self-Motivation
3 2 (2.00%) Virtual Team
4 1 (1.00%) Blog
4 1 (1.00%) Data Structures
4 1 (1.00%) DataPower
4 1 (1.00%) Enterprise Software
4 1 (1.00%) Equity Derivative
4 1 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
4 1 (1.00%) N-Tier
4 1 (1.00%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 11 (11.00%) Linux
2 7 (7.00%) Unix
3 3 (3.00%) Android
4 2 (2.00%) Apple iOS
4 2 (2.00%) Mac OS X
5 1 (1.00%) Android TV
5 1 (1.00%) Mac OS
5 1 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (1.00%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 60 (60.00%) Agile Software Development
2 25 (25.00%) TDD
3 24 (24.00%) DevOps
3 24 (24.00%) Scrum
4 19 (19.00%) BDD
5 18 (18.00%) OO
6 16 (16.00%) Continuous Integration
7 15 (15.00%) OOD
8 13 (13.00%) Continuous Delivery
8 13 (13.00%) Electronic Trading
8 13 (13.00%) Microservices
8 13 (13.00%) Multithreading
9 12 (12.00%) Automated Trading
9 12 (12.00%) Regression Testing
10 11 (11.00%) SDET
11 10 (10.00%) Unit Testing
12 9 (9.00%) Test Strategy
13 8 (8.00%) Integration Testing
13 8 (8.00%) Scenario Testing
14 7 (7.00%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 37 (37.00%) Java
2 19 (19.00%) Python
3 18 (18.00%) C#
4 16 (16.00%) JavaScript
5 13 (13.00%) SQL
6 5 (5.00%) Ruby
6 5 (5.00%) TypeScript
7 3 (3.00%) C
7 3 (3.00%) C++
7 3 (3.00%) Java 8
7 3 (3.00%) PowerShell
7 3 (3.00%) R
7 3 (3.00%) T-SQL
8 2 (2.00%) ActionScript
8 2 (2.00%) Bash Shell
8 2 (2.00%) BrightScript
8 2 (2.00%) Go
8 2 (2.00%) Kotlin
8 2 (2.00%) Perl
9 1 (1.00%) PHP
Qualifications
1 8 (8.00%) Security Cleared
2 2 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
2 2 (2.00%) Degree
2 2 (2.00%) DV Cleared
2 2 (2.00%) SC Cleared
3 1 (1.00%) BPSS Clearance
3 1 (1.00%) DBS Check
3 1 (1.00%) ISEB
3 1 (1.00%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (17.00%) QA
2 3 (3.00%) WCAG
3 1 (1.00%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (1.00%) Section 508
System Software
1 10 (10.00%) Docker
2 1 (1.00%) Active Directory
2 1 (1.00%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 9 (9.00%) Kubernetes
1 9 (9.00%) Terraform
2 4 (4.00%) Ansible
2 4 (4.00%) Opscode Chef
2 4 (4.00%) Puppet
3 1 (1.00%) Packer
3 1 (1.00%) Rundeck
3 1 (1.00%) Salt
3 1 (1.00%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 7 (7.00%) Oracle
2 5 (5.00%) Databricks
3 4 (4.00%) Microsoft
4 3 (3.00%) Google
4 3 (3.00%) Splunk
5 2 (2.00%) Atlassian
5 2 (2.00%) iManage
5 2 (2.00%) Red Hat
5 2 (2.00%) Roku
5 2 (2.00%) SaltStack
6 1 (1.00%) Adobe
6 1 (1.00%) Avid
6 1 (1.00%) Bloomberg
6 1 (1.00%) Cadence
6 1 (1.00%) Charles River
6 1 (1.00%) CyberArk
6 1 (1.00%) SAP
6 1 (1.00%) UiPath