Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 1 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
1 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 41 42 31
Rank change year-on-year +1 -11 +13
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 242 163 157
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.59% 5.15% 5.77%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.09% 5.63% 6.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 166 112 122
10th Percentile £413 £395 £346
25th Percentile £481 £444 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +7.32%
75th Percentile £720 £641 £635
90th Percentile £794 £706 £794
Central London median daily rate £588 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +6.82% - +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 1
10th Percentile £44.63 - -
25th Percentile £49.69 £25.25 £53.50
Median hourly rate £55.00 £25.50 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year +115.69% -53.64% -
75th Percentile £57.50 £25.75 £56.50
90th Percentile - - -
Central London median hourly rate £55.00 £25.50 £55.00
% change year-on-year +115.69% -53.64% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,976 2,896 2,401
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 91.76% 91.47% 88.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,936 2,126 1,781
10th Percentile £388 £358 £338
25th Percentile £475 £450 £418
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £520
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +5.77% -0.95%
75th Percentile £696 £638 £603
90th Percentile £788 £719 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £543 £510
% change year-on-year +5.99% +6.37% -2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 32 39
10th Percentile £18.50 £8.35 £12.42
25th Percentile £26.00 £12.38 £14.19
Median hourly rate £43.12 £23.23 £24.00
Median % change year-on-year +85.66% -3.23% +24.68%
75th Percentile £54.13 £32.55 £39.00
90th Percentile £60.85 £41.75 £53.30
Central London median hourly rate £42.75 £21.75 £26.22
% change year-on-year +96.55% -17.05% +32.76%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 1 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

For the 6 months to 1 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 129 (53.31%) Agile
2 95 (39.26%) CI/CD
3 86 (35.54%) DevOps
4 85 (35.12%) Java
5 71 (29.34%) Microservices
6 69 (28.51%) AWS
6 69 (28.51%) Finance
7 68 (28.10%) Git (software)
8 65 (26.86%) Python
9 58 (23.97%) SQL
10 55 (22.73%) Docker
11 54 (22.31%) Scrum
12 52 (21.49%) Azure
13 51 (21.07%) TDD
14 48 (19.83%) Microsoft
15 47 (19.42%) Software Engineering
16 46 (19.01%) Continuous Integration
17 45 (18.60%) Jenkins
18 44 (18.18%) .NET
19 42 (17.36%) TeamCity
20 41 (16.94%) QA
21 39 (16.12%) Selenium
21 39 (16.12%) JavaScript
22 37 (15.29%) C#
22 37 (15.29%) BDD
22 37 (15.29%) Continuous Delivery
22 37 (15.29%) Social Skills
23 36 (14.88%) Security Cleared
24 35 (14.46%) SQL Server
24 35 (14.46%) JIRA

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (4.13%) Confluence
2 6 (2.48%) Tomcat
3 4 (1.65%) Apache
4 3 (1.24%) Alfresco
4 3 (1.24%) Apache Solr
4 3 (1.24%) SharePoint
5 2 (0.83%) Apache Spark
5 2 (0.83%) GlassFish
5 2 (0.83%) WebLogic
6 1 (0.41%) Apache Pig
6 1 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
6 1 (0.41%) CMS
6 1 (0.41%) IIS
6 1 (0.41%) JBoss
6 1 (0.41%) Orchard CMS
6 1 (0.41%) Red Hat Fuse
6 1 (0.41%) SAS
6 1 (0.41%) WebSphere
Applications
1 5 (2.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.24%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (2.07%) MoSes
1 5 (2.07%) SAP S/4HANA
2 4 (1.65%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.41%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 69 (28.51%) AWS
2 52 (21.49%) Azure
3 35 (14.46%) Serverless
4 20 (8.26%) GitHub
5 17 (7.02%) Azure DevOps
6 16 (6.61%) Amazon EC2
7 12 (4.96%) Amazon S3
7 12 (4.96%) AWS Lambda
8 11 (4.55%) SaaS
8 11 (4.55%) Snowflake
9 7 (2.89%) OpenShift
9 7 (2.89%) PaaS
10 6 (2.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 6 (2.48%) Amazon EKS
10 6 (2.48%) AWS CloudFormation
10 6 (2.48%) Azure Data Factory
10 6 (2.48%) Azure Key Vault
10 6 (2.48%) Azure Logic Apps
10 6 (2.48%) Azure Storage
10 6 (2.48%) GCP
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.31%) DNS
2 7 (2.89%) Internet
3 3 (1.24%) HTTP
4 2 (0.83%) IPv6
5 1 (0.41%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.41%) Kerberos
5 1 (0.41%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (14.46%) SQL Server
2 22 (9.09%) Data Warehouse
3 16 (6.61%) NoSQL
4 13 (5.37%) Relational Database
5 10 (4.13%) PostgreSQL
6 9 (3.72%) Big Data
6 9 (3.72%) MongoDB
6 9 (3.72%) MySQL
7 7 (2.89%) Oracle Database
8 5 (2.07%) Redis
9 4 (1.65%) DB2
9 4 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (1.65%) Oracle Database 11g
9 4 (1.65%) Oracle Database 12c
9 4 (1.65%) RDBMS
10 3 (1.24%) Amazon Athena
10 3 (1.24%) Amazon Redshift
10 3 (1.24%) Power BI
10 3 (1.24%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 2 (0.83%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 68 (28.10%) Git (software)
2 45 (18.60%) Jenkins
3 42 (17.36%) TeamCity
4 39 (16.12%) Selenium
5 35 (14.46%) JIRA
6 34 (14.05%) Cucumber
7 19 (7.85%) GitLab
7 19 (7.85%) NUnit
8 17 (7.02%) Moq
9 15 (6.20%) JUnit
10 14 (5.79%) Maven
10 14 (5.79%) SonarQube
11 10 (4.13%) Artifactory
12 9 (3.72%) JMeter
13 8 (3.31%) SpecFlow
14 7 (2.89%) Eclipse
14 7 (2.89%) Postman
14 7 (2.89%) SoapUI
14 7 (2.89%) Visual Studio Team System
14 7 (2.89%) WebDriver
General
1 69 (28.51%) Finance
2 37 (15.29%) Social Skills
3 35 (14.46%) Banking
4 24 (9.92%) Front Office
5 21 (8.68%) Financial Institution
5 21 (8.68%) Legal
6 13 (5.37%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (5.37%) Investment Banking
7 5 (2.07%) Influencing Skills
7 5 (2.07%) Public Sector
8 4 (1.65%) Documentation Skills
9 2 (0.83%) Back Office
9 2 (0.83%) Billing
9 2 (0.83%) Marketing
9 2 (0.83%) Presentation Skills
9 2 (0.83%) Prime Brokerage
9 2 (0.83%) Retail
10 1 (0.41%) Games
10 1 (0.41%) Law
10 1 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 92 (38.02%) Developer
2 29 (11.98%) Java Developer
3 23 (9.50%) Senior Developer
4 22 (9.09%) DevOps Engineer
5 21 (8.68%) .NET Developer
6 18 (7.44%) Front Office Developer
6 18 (7.44%) Tester
7 17 (7.02%) Test Engineer
8 15 (6.20%) Python Engineer
8 15 (6.20%) Senior .NET Developer
9 13 (5.37%) Automation Tester
9 13 (5.37%) AWS Engineer
10 11 (4.55%) Analyst
10 11 (4.55%) Architect
10 11 (4.55%) Engineering Manager
10 11 (4.55%) Software Engineer
10 11 (4.55%) Software Engineering Manager
10 11 (4.55%) Software Manager
11 10 (4.13%) Linux DevOps Engineer
11 10 (4.13%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (18.18%) .NET
2 30 (12.40%) RESTful
3 25 (10.33%) REST
4 23 (9.50%) HTML
5 22 (9.09%) Spring
6 19 (7.85%) RabbitMQ
7 18 (7.44%) .NET Core
7 18 (7.44%) Kafka
8 17 (7.02%) ASP.NET
9 16 (6.61%) CSS
9 16 (6.61%) React
10 15 (6.20%) ASP.NET Core
10 15 (6.20%) ASP.NET Web API
10 15 (6.20%) Middleware
10 15 (6.20%) SignalR
10 15 (6.20%) Spring Boot
11 14 (5.79%) AngularJS
12 13 (5.37%) Elastic Stack
12 13 (5.37%) JSON
13 11 (4.55%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 17 (7.02%) Hedge funds
2 10 (4.13%) Greenfield Project
3 9 (3.72%) Linux Command Line
4 6 (2.48%) Cloud Native
4 6 (2.48%) Credit Risk
5 5 (2.07%) Algorithms
5 5 (2.07%) Data Structures
5 5 (2.07%) Legacy Systems
5 5 (2.07%) Management Information System
5 5 (2.07%) Reinsurance
6 4 (1.65%) Derivative
6 4 (1.65%) Fixed Income
6 4 (1.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 4 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
7 3 (1.24%) Public Cloud
7 3 (1.24%) User Experience
7 3 (1.24%) Virtual Team
8 2 (0.83%) Equity Derivative
8 2 (0.83%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 31 (12.81%) Linux
2 9 (3.72%) Windows
3 5 (2.07%) Unix
4 1 (0.41%) Android
4 1 (0.41%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.41%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 129 (53.31%) Agile
2 95 (39.26%) CI/CD
3 86 (35.54%) DevOps
4 71 (29.34%) Microservices
5 54 (22.31%) Scrum
6 51 (21.07%) TDD
7 47 (19.42%) Software Engineering
8 46 (19.01%) Continuous Integration
9 37 (15.29%) BDD
9 37 (15.29%) Continuous Delivery
10 30 (12.40%) Infrastructure as Code
11 27 (11.16%) OO
12 26 (10.74%) Full Stack Development
13 25 (10.33%) Kanban
13 25 (10.33%) Software Testing
14 21 (8.68%) SDET
14 21 (8.68%) Unit Testing
15 20 (8.26%) Multithreading
16 18 (7.44%) AOP
17 17 (7.02%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 85 (35.12%) Java
2 65 (26.86%) Python
3 58 (23.97%) SQL
4 39 (16.12%) JavaScript
5 37 (15.29%) C#
6 14 (5.79%) TypeScript
7 12 (4.96%) PowerShell
8 9 (3.72%) Bash
9 8 (3.31%) Go
9 8 (3.31%) PL/SQL
10 7 (2.89%) Ruby
10 7 (2.89%) Scala
11 6 (2.48%) C
12 5 (2.07%) Shell Script
13 2 (0.83%) ES6
13 2 (0.83%) Groovy
13 2 (0.83%) Kotlin
13 2 (0.83%) PHP
13 2 (0.83%) XPath
14 1 (0.41%) F#
Qualifications
1 36 (14.88%) Security Cleared
2 30 (12.40%) SC Cleared
3 9 (3.72%) Degree
4 8 (3.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (2.89%) DV Cleared
6 5 (2.07%) ISTQB
7 3 (1.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.41%) CISSP
9 1 (0.41%) ISEB
9 1 (0.41%) MCP
9 1 (0.41%) MCSA
9 1 (0.41%) OCP
9 1 (0.41%) Oracle Certification
9 1 (0.41%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.41%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (16.94%) QA
2 17 (7.02%) GDPR
3 3 (1.24%) Accessibility
4 2 (0.83%) WCAG
5 1 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.41%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 55 (22.73%) Docker
2 5 (2.07%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.83%) vSphere
4 1 (0.41%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 29 (11.98%) Kubernetes
2 24 (9.92%) Terraform
3 10 (4.13%) HP Fortify
4 7 (2.89%) Ansible
5 4 (1.65%) Kibana
5 4 (1.65%) logstash
6 2 (0.83%) HP Quality Center
6 2 (0.83%) Prometheus
6 2 (0.83%) Puppet
6 2 (0.83%) vRealize
6 2 (0.83%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 1 (0.41%) Ambari
7 1 (0.41%) CA Service Virtualization
7 1 (0.41%) Grafana
7 1 (0.41%) HP ALM
7 1 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 48 (19.83%) Microsoft
2 19 (7.85%) Oracle
3 15 (6.20%) TIBCO
4 10 (4.13%) SAP
5 9 (3.72%) Databricks
6 7 (2.89%) Google
7 3 (1.24%) AppDynamics
7 3 (1.24%) IBM
7 3 (1.24%) Splunk
8 2 (0.83%) Atlassian
8 2 (0.83%) HP
8 2 (0.83%) Infoblox
8 2 (0.83%) MuleSoft
8 2 (0.83%) ServiceNow
8 2 (0.83%) VMware
9 1 (0.41%) Cadence
9 1 (0.41%) ION Trading
9 1 (0.41%) Murex
9 1 (0.41%) Teradata
9 1 (0.41%) TOWER Software