Period
to 11 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 11 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
11 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 26 34 37
Rank change year-on-year +8 +3 +8
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 489 404 366
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 6.85% 5.62% 5.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.84% 6.27% 6.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 395 319 299
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.56% +11.11%
10th Percentile £360 £363 £362
90th Percentile £633 £625 £617
Central London median daily rate £500 £498 £475
% change year-on-year +0.50% +4.74% +8.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 1
City of London median hourly rate - £65.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +100.00% -35.00%
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £65.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -46.15% +100.00% -35.00%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,234 6,439 5,774
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.34% 89.59% 88.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,925 5,134 4,577
City of London median daily rate £510 £505 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.99% +6.32% -
10th Percentile £325 £325 £319
90th Percentile £675 £688 £672
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 88 59 53
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.70 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -6.50% -
10th Percentile £13.22 £13.00 £13.75
90th Percentile £33.60 £31.10 £55.00
Central London median hourly rate £19.00 £20.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% -5.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 11 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 11 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -17 39 £525 -
Moorgate -7 13 £475 -5.00%
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 11 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 314 (64.21%) Agile Software Development
2 182 (37.22%) Selenium
3 169 (34.56%) Java
4 125 (25.56%) JavaScript
5 124 (25.36%) TDD
6 122 (24.95%) Finance
7 117 (23.93%) Scrum
8 115 (23.52%) QA
9 108 (22.09%) BDD
10 103 (21.06%) SQL
11 97 (19.84%) Continuous Integration
12 96 (19.63%) Amazon AWS
13 94 (19.22%) Python
14 87 (17.79%) Jenkins
15 82 (16.77%) C#
15 82 (16.77%) Cucumber
16 81 (16.56%) .NET
17 74 (15.13%) DevOps
18 71 (14.52%) Banking
19 70 (14.31%) Microservices
20 65 (13.29%) HTML
21 64 (13.09%) Git (software)
22 63 (12.88%) JIRA
23 61 (12.47%) SDET
24 59 (12.07%) WebDriver
25 56 (11.45%) RESTful
25 56 (11.45%) Docker
26 54 (11.04%) CSS
27 51 (10.43%) Unix
27 51 (10.43%) Linux

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (5.52%) Confluence
2 13 (2.66%) Elasticsearch
3 7 (1.43%) Apache Spark
3 7 (1.43%) Drupal
4 6 (1.23%) Gunicorn
5 5 (1.02%) Apache
5 5 (1.02%) CMS
6 3 (0.61%) NServiceBus
7 2 (0.41%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 2 (0.41%) Apache Solr
7 2 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 1 (0.20%) Alfresco
8 1 (0.20%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.20%) Content Management Server
8 1 (0.20%) IIS
8 1 (0.20%) JBoss
8 1 (0.20%) Mule
8 1 (0.20%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.20%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.20%) Tomcat
Applications
1 15 (3.07%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (2.86%) MS Visio
3 3 (0.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.61%) Microsoft Project
4 2 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (0.82%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.61%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.41%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.41%) thinkFolio
4 1 (0.20%) Oracle Retail
4 1 (0.20%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 96 (19.63%) Amazon AWS
2 40 (8.18%) Microsoft Azure
3 26 (5.32%) GitHub
4 14 (2.86%) Amazon EC2
4 14 (2.86%) Amazon S3
5 13 (2.66%) BrowserStack
6 12 (2.45%) Google Cloud Platform
6 12 (2.45%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 11 (2.25%) Serverless
8 7 (1.43%) Cloud Computing
9 6 (1.23%) AWS Lambda
10 5 (1.02%) PaaS
11 4 (0.82%) Akamai
11 4 (0.82%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 4 (0.82%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 4 (0.82%) Azure Active Directory
11 4 (0.82%) SaaS
12 3 (0.61%) Apigee
12 3 (0.61%) OpenShift
12 3 (0.61%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 15 (3.07%) HTTP
2 8 (1.64%) Internet
3 5 (1.02%) AMQP
4 4 (0.82%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.61%) DMARC
5 3 (0.61%) Junos
5 3 (0.61%) Kerberos
5 3 (0.61%) MQTT
5 3 (0.61%) Skype
6 1 (0.20%) DHCP
6 1 (0.20%) DNS
6 1 (0.20%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.20%) ICMP
6 1 (0.20%) SCCP
6 1 (0.20%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (10.02%) SQL Server
2 35 (7.16%) NoSQL
3 20 (4.09%) Relational Database
4 19 (3.89%) MongoDB
5 16 (3.27%) Big Data
6 14 (2.86%) Apache Hive
6 14 (2.86%) Data Warehouse
6 14 (2.86%) Hadoop
6 14 (2.86%) MySQL
7 13 (2.66%) Redis
8 11 (2.25%) Sqoop
9 10 (2.04%) Impala
10 7 (1.43%) Apache Cassandra
10 7 (1.43%) PostgreSQL
10 7 (1.43%) SQL Server 2012
11 6 (1.23%) Data Lake
12 5 (1.02%) DB2
12 5 (1.02%) RDBMS
12 5 (1.02%) SQL Server 2016
13 4 (0.82%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 182 (37.22%) Selenium
2 87 (17.79%) Jenkins
3 82 (16.77%) Cucumber
4 64 (13.09%) Git (software)
5 63 (12.88%) JIRA
6 59 (12.07%) WebDriver
7 45 (9.20%) Maven
8 41 (8.38%) SpecFlow
9 29 (5.93%) Appium
10 28 (5.73%) JMeter
11 20 (4.09%) JUnit
11 20 (4.09%) Team Foundation Server
12 18 (3.68%) NUnit
12 18 (3.68%) TeamCity
13 17 (3.48%) Visual Studio
14 14 (2.86%) Robot Framework
15 13 (2.66%) Mockito
16 12 (2.45%) MSTest
16 12 (2.45%) SoapUI
17 11 (2.25%) Jasmine
General
1 122 (24.95%) Finance
2 71 (14.52%) Banking
3 22 (4.50%) Front Office
4 19 (3.89%) Retail
5 10 (2.04%) Investment Banking
6 7 (1.43%) Back Office
6 7 (1.43%) Financial Institution
7 5 (1.02%) Games
7 5 (1.02%) Telecoms
8 4 (0.82%) Law
8 4 (0.82%) Marketing
9 3 (0.61%) International Banking
9 3 (0.61%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.20%) Advertising
10 1 (0.20%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 178 (36.40%) Developer
2 61 (12.47%) Tester
3 59 (12.07%) Analyst
4 45 (9.20%) Test Analyst
5 43 (8.79%) Automation Tester
6 41 (8.38%) Java Developer
7 36 (7.36%) Test Engineer
8 33 (6.75%) QA Engineer
9 29 (5.93%) DevOps Engineer
10 26 (5.32%) C# Developer
11 25 (5.11%) Developer in Test
12 24 (4.91%) Test Automation Engineer
13 22 (4.50%) Senior Developer
14 21 (4.29%) .NET Developer
15 20 (4.09%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 16 (3.27%) Automation Engineer
16 16 (3.27%) React Developer
16 16 (3.27%) Senior DevOps
16 16 (3.27%) Senior DevOps Engineer
17 15 (3.07%) QA Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (16.56%) .NET
2 65 (13.29%) HTML
3 56 (11.45%) RESTful
4 54 (11.04%) CSS
5 50 (10.22%) REST
6 43 (8.79%) React
7 38 (7.77%) AngularJS
8 35 (7.16%) Web Services
9 34 (6.95%) Node.js
10 31 (6.34%) Spring
11 28 (5.73%) Gherkin
11 28 (5.73%) JSON
12 21 (4.29%) XML
13 20 (4.09%) HTML5
14 18 (3.68%) ASP.NET Web API
14 18 (3.68%) Spring Boot
15 17 (3.48%) .NET Framework
15 17 (3.48%) Redux
15 17 (3.48%) WCF
16 15 (3.07%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 46 (9.41%) Greenfield Project
2 24 (4.91%) Fintech
3 20 (4.09%) Analytical Skills
4 19 (3.89%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 19 (3.89%) User Experience
5 17 (3.48%) Data Structures
5 17 (3.48%) Hedge funds
6 16 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
7 14 (2.86%) Derivative
8 13 (2.66%) Fixed Income
8 13 (2.66%) Linux Command Line
9 12 (2.45%) Equities
9 12 (2.45%) Mobile App
10 11 (2.25%) Algorithms
11 10 (2.04%) Wiki
12 7 (1.43%) Data Centre
13 6 (1.23%) N-Tier
14 3 (0.61%) e-Learning
14 3 (0.61%) Smart City
15 2 (0.41%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 51 (10.43%) Linux
1 51 (10.43%) Unix
2 17 (3.48%) Windows
3 13 (2.66%) Apple iOS
4 10 (2.04%) Android
5 6 (1.23%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.20%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 314 (64.21%) Agile Software Development
2 124 (25.36%) TDD
3 117 (23.93%) Scrum
4 108 (22.09%) BDD
5 97 (19.84%) Continuous Integration
6 74 (15.13%) DevOps
7 70 (14.31%) Microservices
8 61 (12.47%) SDET
9 49 (10.02%) OO
10 47 (9.61%) Test Scripting
11 45 (9.20%) Problem-Solving
11 45 (9.20%) Unit Testing
12 40 (8.18%) Software Engineering
13 36 (7.36%) Kanban
14 35 (7.16%) API Testing
14 35 (7.16%) SDLC
15 34 (6.95%) Continuous Delivery
16 33 (6.75%) Front End Development
16 33 (6.75%) Open Source
17 28 (5.73%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 169 (34.56%) Java
2 125 (25.56%) JavaScript
3 103 (21.06%) SQL
4 94 (19.22%) Python
5 82 (16.77%) C#
6 40 (8.18%) Bash Shell
7 36 (7.36%) Ruby
8 21 (4.29%) Java 8
9 16 (3.27%) PowerShell
10 15 (3.07%) C++
10 15 (3.07%) PHP
10 15 (3.07%) TypeScript
11 13 (2.66%) Shell Script
12 12 (2.45%) ES6
13 11 (2.25%) Korn
13 11 (2.25%) T-SQL
14 9 (1.84%) Apple Swift
15 8 (1.64%) Groovy
16 7 (1.43%) C
16 7 (1.43%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 28 (5.73%) Degree
2 13 (2.66%) ISTQB
3 10 (2.04%) ISEB
3 10 (2.04%) Security Cleared
4 8 (1.64%) SC Cleared
5 4 (0.82%) Numerate Degree
6 3 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (0.61%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (0.61%) DBS Check
7 2 (0.41%) ACCA
7 2 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 1 (0.20%) CTC Cleared
8 1 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.20%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.20%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 115 (23.52%) QA
2 3 (0.61%) Data Quality
2 3 (0.61%) MiFID
3 2 (0.41%) GDPR
System Software
1 56 (11.45%) Docker
2 11 (2.25%) HDFS
3 4 (0.82%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.82%) Varnish
4 3 (0.61%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.20%) Firmware
6 1 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 29 (5.93%) Kubernetes
2 27 (5.52%) Ansible
3 16 (3.27%) Puppet
4 15 (3.07%) Opscode Chef
5 12 (2.45%) Hadoop YARN
6 8 (1.64%) HP Quality Center
7 5 (1.02%) HP ALM
7 5 (1.02%) Kibana
7 5 (1.02%) logstash
7 5 (1.02%) Terraform
8 4 (0.82%) Prometheus
9 3 (0.61%) Oozie
10 2 (0.41%) rkt
11 1 (0.20%) Mesos
11 1 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 38 (7.77%) Oracle
2 35 (7.16%) Microsoft
3 19 (3.89%) Google
4 12 (2.45%) Cloudera
5 10 (2.04%) Cadence
6 9 (1.84%) HP
7 6 (1.23%) Perfecto Mobile
7 6 (1.23%) TIBCO
8 5 (1.02%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 5 (1.02%) New Relic
9 4 (0.82%) AppDynamics
9 4 (0.82%) Apple
9 4 (0.82%) Atlassian
9 4 (0.82%) ION Trading
9 4 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (0.61%) Informatica
10 3 (0.61%) Juniper
10 3 (0.61%) Red Hat
10 3 (0.61%) Splunk
10 3 (0.61%) Sybase