Period
to 21 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 28 46 33
Rank change year-on-year +18 -13 +12
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 414 351 350
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 6.13% 4.94% 5.82%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.90% 5.54% 6.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 320 278 282
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +7.95%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £325
90th Percentile £638 £608 £625
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +7.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
City of London median hourly rate - £65.00 -
Central London median hourly rate - £65.00 -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,996 6,334 5,294
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.79% 89.07% 87.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,633 5,031 4,154
City of London median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £325 £331 £313
90th Percentile £675 £690 £674
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 83 49
City of London median hourly rate £22.25 £20.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.54% +7.89% -11.10%
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.81 £13.50
90th Percentile £42.13 £41.30 £49.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £21.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year - +13.16% -10.97%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -34 10 £500 -
Moorgate -19 5 £438 +9.38%
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 262 (63.29%) Agile Software Development
2 137 (33.09%) Selenium
3 136 (32.85%) Java
4 118 (28.50%) JavaScript
5 114 (27.54%) BDD
6 109 (26.33%) SQL
7 106 (25.60%) Finance
8 105 (25.36%) TDD
9 102 (24.64%) Scrum
9 102 (24.64%) QA
10 90 (21.74%) C#
11 85 (20.53%) Continuous Integration
12 81 (19.57%) Cucumber
13 69 (16.67%) Microservices
14 67 (16.18%) Python
15 65 (15.70%) Banking
15 65 (15.70%) Jenkins
16 64 (15.46%) HTML
17 59 (14.25%) Git (software)
17 59 (14.25%) Amazon AWS
17 59 (14.25%) DevOps
18 58 (14.01%) SDET
19 55 (13.29%) JIRA
20 54 (13.04%) CSS
21 52 (12.56%) .NET
21 52 (12.56%) Problem-Solving
22 50 (12.08%) Software Engineering
23 47 (11.35%) Microsoft Azure
23 47 (11.35%) WebDriver
24 45 (10.87%) REST

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (6.28%) Confluence
2 13 (3.14%) Elasticsearch
3 12 (2.90%) Gunicorn
4 10 (2.42%) Apache Spark
5 8 (1.93%) Apache
6 7 (1.69%) CMS
7 6 (1.45%) nginx
8 4 (0.97%) Drupal
9 3 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.72%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.48%) JBoss
10 2 (0.48%) OpenStack
11 1 (0.24%) Cloud Foundry
11 1 (0.24%) Jetty
11 1 (0.24%) SharePoint
11 1 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
11 1 (0.24%) WebLogic
Applications
1 3 (0.72%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.48%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 12 (2.90%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.69%) Oracle Financials
3 2 (0.48%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.24%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.24%) Oracle Retail
4 1 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 59 (14.25%) Amazon AWS
2 47 (11.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 16 (3.86%) Serverless
4 13 (3.14%) BrowserStack
4 13 (3.14%) GitHub
5 10 (2.42%) AWS Lambda
6 9 (2.17%) Google Cloud Platform
7 7 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (1.45%) PaaS
9 5 (1.21%) Azure Active Directory
10 4 (0.97%) Azure Functions
11 3 (0.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 3 (0.72%) Amazon EC2
11 3 (0.72%) Amazon Kinesis
11 3 (0.72%) Amazon S3
11 3 (0.72%) AWS CloudTrail
11 3 (0.72%) Azure Data Factory
11 3 (0.72%) Data Lake Analytics
11 3 (0.72%) SaaS
11 3 (0.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 15 (3.62%) HTTP
2 5 (1.21%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.72%) DMARC
3 3 (0.72%) Internet
4 1 (0.24%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.24%) SSL
4 1 (0.24%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (7.73%) SQL Server
2 30 (7.25%) NoSQL
3 19 (4.59%) MongoDB
4 16 (3.86%) MySQL
4 16 (3.86%) Relational Database
5 10 (2.42%) Big Data
6 9 (2.17%) Data Warehouse
6 9 (2.17%) PostgreSQL
6 9 (2.17%) Redis
7 8 (1.93%) Blockchain
8 7 (1.69%) Oracle Reports
9 5 (1.21%) Data Lake
10 4 (0.97%) Azure SQL Database
10 4 (0.97%) Data Mining
10 4 (0.97%) Hadoop
10 4 (0.97%) Neo4j
10 4 (0.97%) SQL Server 2016
11 3 (0.72%) Apache Cassandra
11 3 (0.72%) KDB
11 3 (0.72%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 137 (33.09%) Selenium
2 81 (19.57%) Cucumber
3 65 (15.70%) Jenkins
4 59 (14.25%) Git (software)
5 55 (13.29%) JIRA
6 47 (11.35%) WebDriver
7 43 (10.39%) SpecFlow
8 27 (6.52%) Maven
9 24 (5.80%) JMeter
10 22 (5.31%) Appium
11 18 (4.35%) Visual Studio Team System
12 17 (4.11%) Gatling
12 17 (4.11%) SoapUI
12 17 (4.11%) TeamCity
12 17 (4.11%) Visual Studio
13 16 (3.86%) JUnit
13 16 (3.86%) Team Foundation Server
14 14 (3.38%) Robot Framework
15 12 (2.90%) Mockito
16 11 (2.66%) Ant
General
1 106 (25.60%) Finance
2 65 (15.70%) Banking
3 24 (5.80%) Front Office
4 18 (4.35%) Retail
5 16 (3.86%) Investment Banking
6 11 (2.66%) Marketing
7 5 (1.21%) Back Office
7 5 (1.21%) International Banking
8 4 (0.97%) Retail Banking
9 3 (0.72%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.72%) Games
9 3 (0.72%) Law
9 3 (0.72%) Publishing
10 2 (0.48%) Electronics
11 1 (0.24%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 158 (38.16%) Developer
2 61 (14.73%) Tester
3 49 (11.84%) Java Developer
4 44 (10.63%) Analyst
5 41 (9.90%) Automation Tester
6 38 (9.18%) Test Analyst
7 30 (7.25%) Test Engineer
8 27 (6.52%) Developer in Test
8 27 (6.52%) Senior Developer
9 22 (5.31%) C# Developer
10 19 (4.59%) QA Engineer
10 19 (4.59%) Software Developer
11 16 (3.86%) Automation Engineer
11 16 (3.86%) Java Engineer
11 16 (3.86%) Test Automation Engineer
12 15 (3.62%) DevOps Engineer
12 15 (3.62%) Senior Java Developer
12 15 (3.62%) Software Engineer
13 13 (3.14%) .NET Developer
13 13 (3.14%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (15.46%) HTML
2 54 (13.04%) CSS
3 52 (12.56%) .NET
4 45 (10.87%) REST
5 36 (8.70%) RESTful
6 34 (8.21%) AngularJS
6 34 (8.21%) Web Services
7 32 (7.73%) Node.js
8 30 (7.25%) React
9 29 (7.00%) Spring
10 26 (6.28%) JSON
11 24 (5.80%) XML
12 20 (4.83%) Gherkin
13 15 (3.62%) Jest
14 14 (3.38%) Enzyme
14 14 (3.38%) Middleware
14 14 (3.38%) Redux
15 13 (3.14%) HTML5
15 13 (3.14%) pytest
15 13 (3.14%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 28 (6.76%) Analytical Skills
2 23 (5.56%) Self-Motivation
3 19 (4.59%) Greenfield Project
4 16 (3.86%) Data Structures
4 16 (3.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 16 (3.86%) User Experience
5 13 (3.14%) Derivative
6 12 (2.90%) Fixed Income
7 11 (2.66%) Fintech
8 8 (1.93%) Mobile App
9 7 (1.69%) Algorithms
9 7 (1.69%) Equities
10 6 (1.45%) N-Tier
11 5 (1.21%) Equity Derivative
11 5 (1.21%) Hedge funds
11 5 (1.21%) Public Cloud
12 3 (0.72%) Cloud Native
12 3 (0.72%) Smart City
12 3 (0.72%) Tandem
13 2 (0.48%) Online Banking
Operating Systems
1 40 (9.66%) Linux
2 25 (6.04%) Unix
3 10 (2.42%) Windows
4 7 (1.69%) Android
4 7 (1.69%) Apple iOS
5 6 (1.45%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.24%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 262 (63.29%) Agile Software Development
2 114 (27.54%) BDD
3 105 (25.36%) TDD
4 102 (24.64%) Scrum
5 85 (20.53%) Continuous Integration
6 69 (16.67%) Microservices
7 59 (14.25%) DevOps
8 58 (14.01%) SDET
9 52 (12.56%) Problem-Solving
10 50 (12.08%) Software Engineering
11 38 (9.18%) SDLC
11 38 (9.18%) Test Scripting
12 36 (8.70%) Unit Testing
13 32 (7.73%) Continuous Delivery
14 31 (7.49%) Open Source
14 31 (7.49%) Regression Testing
15 29 (7.00%) Continuous Deployment
15 29 (7.00%) Kanban
16 28 (6.76%) Manual Testing
16 28 (6.76%) OO
Programming Languages
1 136 (32.85%) Java
2 118 (28.50%) JavaScript
3 109 (26.33%) SQL
4 90 (21.74%) C#
5 67 (16.18%) Python
6 24 (5.80%) Ruby
7 17 (4.11%) ES6
8 15 (3.62%) TypeScript
9 14 (3.38%) Java 8
10 13 (3.14%) PHP
10 13 (3.14%) PowerShell
11 12 (2.90%) Bash Shell
11 12 (2.90%) Scala
12 11 (2.66%) T-SQL
13 10 (2.42%) PL/SQL
14 9 (2.17%) C++
14 9 (2.17%) Go
14 9 (2.17%) Kotlin
15 7 (1.69%) Perl
16 5 (1.21%) R
Qualifications
1 28 (6.76%) Degree
2 16 (3.86%) ISTQB
3 15 (3.62%) ISEB
4 9 (2.17%) ACCA
5 8 (1.93%) Security Cleared
6 6 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
7 5 (1.21%) SC Cleared
8 3 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.72%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.48%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.24%) CHECK Team Member
10 1 (0.24%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.24%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 1 (0.24%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.24%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 102 (24.64%) QA
2 7 (1.69%) GDPR
3 2 (0.48%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.48%) MiFID
4 1 (0.24%) Basel III
System Software
1 41 (9.90%) Docker
2 3 (0.72%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.24%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.24%) Firmware
4 1 (0.24%) HDFS
4 1 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 25 (6.04%) Kubernetes
2 21 (5.07%) Ansible
3 16 (3.86%) Terraform
4 10 (2.42%) Opscode Chef
5 6 (1.45%) Kibana
5 6 (1.45%) Puppet
6 5 (1.21%) HP ALM
6 5 (1.21%) logstash
7 4 (0.97%) HP Quality Center
8 2 (0.48%) Grafana
8 2 (0.48%) rkt
8 2 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.24%) Mesos
9 1 (0.24%) Oozie
Vendors
1 32 (7.73%) Microsoft
2 25 (6.04%) Oracle
3 14 (3.38%) HP
4 12 (2.90%) Salesforce.com
4 12 (2.90%) Splunk
5 10 (2.42%) Google
6 7 (1.69%) Cadence
6 7 (1.69%) Marketo
6 7 (1.69%) Pardot
7 6 (1.45%) Perfecto Mobile
8 5 (1.21%) IBM
8 5 (1.21%) Red Hat
8 5 (1.21%) TIBCO
9 4 (0.97%) Adobe
9 4 (0.97%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 4 (0.97%) hybris
9 4 (0.97%) Perforce
10 2 (0.48%) Atlassian
10 2 (0.48%) Rackspace
10 2 (0.48%) TOWER Software