Period
to 19 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 48 40 41
Rank change year-on-year -8 +1 -9
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 154 94 297
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 4.30% 5.35% 4.74%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.74% 6.00% 5.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 112 63 229
10th Percentile £388 £331 £363
25th Percentile £425 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £543 £550 £513
Median % change year-on-year -1.36% +7.32% +2.50%
75th Percentile £638 £636 £613
90th Percentile £699 £838 £700
Central London median daily rate £535 £550 £506
% change year-on-year -2.73% +8.64% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
Median hourly rate £25.50 £55.00 -
Median % change year-on-year -53.64% - -
Central London median hourly rate £25.50 £55.00 -
% change year-on-year -53.64% - -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,246 1,567 5,676
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.54% 89.24% 90.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,398 1,148 4,495
10th Percentile £363 £315 £338
25th Percentile £460 £418 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £525
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% -2.38% +3.96%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £520
% change year-on-year +7.32% -1.44% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 33 68
10th Percentile £11.15 £14.60 £11.25
25th Percentile £16.07 £17.50 £12.04
Median hourly rate £27.75 £35.50 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year -21.83% +115.15% -11.76%
75th Percentile £38.50 £46.00 £24.31
90th Percentile £63.25 £51.55 £45.41
Central London median hourly rate £26.00 £34.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year -24.64% +81.58% +1.60%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 96 (62.34%) Agile Software Development
2 57 (37.01%) Azure
3 53 (34.42%) Git (software)
4 51 (33.12%) TDD
4 51 (33.12%) Java
4 51 (33.12%) DevOps
5 44 (28.57%) BDD
6 41 (26.62%) Finance
7 40 (25.97%) Microservices
8 36 (23.38%) SQL
9 31 (20.13%) QA
9 31 (20.13%) SDLC
10 29 (18.83%) Python
10 29 (18.83%) Scrum
11 27 (17.53%) JIRA
11 27 (17.53%) Selenium
12 24 (15.58%) Cucumber
13 23 (14.94%) JavaScript
13 23 (14.94%) RESTful
13 23 (14.94%) AWS
14 21 (13.64%) C#
14 21 (13.64%) User Stories
14 21 (13.64%) Problem-Solving
15 20 (12.99%) .NET
16 19 (12.34%) Spring
16 19 (12.34%) Software Engineering
17 18 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
17 18 (11.69%) Node.js
18 17 (11.04%) Continuous Improvement
18 17 (11.04%) Jenkins

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (3.90%) Apache
1 6 (3.90%) Confluence
2 3 (1.95%) Apache Spark
2 3 (1.95%) IIS
2 3 (1.95%) Red Hat Fuse
3 2 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 2 (1.30%) Tomcat
3 2 (1.30%) WebLogic
3 2 (1.30%) WebSphere
4 1 (0.65%) CMS
4 1 (0.65%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (0.65%) nginx
4 1 (0.65%) OpenStack
Business Applications
1 4 (2.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (1.30%) Magento
3 1 (0.65%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.65%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.65%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 57 (37.01%) Azure
2 23 (14.94%) AWS
3 13 (8.44%) Serverless
4 10 (6.49%) GitHub
5 5 (3.25%) AWS CloudFormation
5 5 (3.25%) PaaS
6 4 (2.60%) Amazon SQS
6 4 (2.60%) AWS Lambda
6 4 (2.60%) GCP
7 3 (1.95%) Azure Event Grid
7 3 (1.95%) Azure Functions
7 3 (1.95%) Azure Service Bus
7 3 (1.95%) Microsoft 365
7 3 (1.95%) Power Automate
7 3 (1.95%) Power Platform
8 2 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 2 (1.30%) Amazon ECS
8 2 (1.30%) Amazon EKS
8 2 (1.30%) Amazon Kinesis
8 2 (1.30%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.95%) HTTP
1 3 (1.95%) Multicast
2 1 (0.65%) Broadband
2 1 (0.65%) DECT
2 1 (0.65%) DSL
2 1 (0.65%) IPv4
2 1 (0.65%) IPv6
2 1 (0.65%) PPP
2 1 (0.65%) SIGTRAN
2 1 (0.65%) SMPP
2 1 (0.65%) SMS
2 1 (0.65%) SS7
2 1 (0.65%) UPnP
2 1 (0.65%) Wi-Fi
2 1 (0.65%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (5.84%) Tableau
1 9 (5.84%) Tableau Desktop
1 9 (5.84%) Tableau Server
2 6 (3.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 6 (3.90%) NoSQL
2 6 (3.90%) Relational Database
2 6 (3.90%) SQL Server
3 5 (3.25%) MySQL
4 3 (1.95%) Amazon Aurora
4 3 (1.95%) Big Data
4 3 (1.95%) Data Warehouse
4 3 (1.95%) MongoDB
4 3 (1.95%) RDBMS
5 2 (1.30%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
5 2 (1.30%) MariaDB
5 2 (1.30%) Oracle Database
5 2 (1.30%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (0.65%) Oracle Database 11g
6 1 (0.65%) Oracle Database 12c
6 1 (0.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 53 (34.42%) Git (software)
2 27 (17.53%) JIRA
2 27 (17.53%) Selenium
3 24 (15.58%) Cucumber
4 17 (11.04%) Jenkins
5 15 (9.74%) SpecFlow
6 10 (6.49%) JUnit
7 9 (5.84%) Octopus Deploy
7 9 (5.84%) WebDriver
8 7 (4.55%) JMeter
9 6 (3.90%) Mockito
9 6 (3.90%) Postman
9 6 (3.90%) Protractor
10 5 (3.25%) Appium
10 5 (3.25%) Subversion
11 4 (2.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 4 (2.60%) Cypress.io
11 4 (2.60%) GDB
11 4 (2.60%) Jasmine
11 4 (2.60%) LoadRunner
General
1 41 (26.62%) Finance
2 16 (10.39%) Banking
2 16 (10.39%) Social Skills
3 6 (3.90%) Retail
4 4 (2.60%) Analytical Skills
4 4 (2.60%) Financial Institution
4 4 (2.60%) Legal
4 4 (2.60%) Public Sector
5 3 (1.95%) Documentation Skills
5 3 (1.95%) Front Office
5 3 (1.95%) Publishing
6 2 (1.30%) Investment Banking
6 2 (1.30%) Presentation Skills
7 1 (0.65%) Back Office
7 1 (0.65%) Games
Job Titles
1 70 (45.45%) Developer
2 25 (16.23%) Java Developer
3 16 (10.39%) Tester
4 11 (7.14%) Automation Tester
5 10 (6.49%) Test Engineer
5 10 (6.49%) Test Leader
6 9 (5.84%) Python Developer
6 9 (5.84%) SQL Developer
7 8 (5.19%) DevOps Engineer
8 7 (4.55%) Analyst
8 7 (4.55%) E-Commerce Developer
8 7 (4.55%) Full Stack Developer
8 7 (4.55%) Java E-Commerce Developer
8 7 (4.55%) Software Engineer
9 6 (3.90%) Automation Test Lead
10 5 (3.25%) AWS Developer
11 4 (2.60%) Azure DevOps
11 4 (2.60%) Azure DevOps Engineer
11 4 (2.60%) Azure Engineer
11 4 (2.60%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (14.94%) RESTful
2 20 (12.99%) .NET
3 19 (12.34%) Spring
4 18 (11.69%) Node.js
5 16 (10.39%) Kafka
6 15 (9.74%) React
7 14 (9.09%) Gherkin
8 11 (7.14%) AngularJS
8 11 (7.14%) REST
9 10 (6.49%) HTML
10 8 (5.19%) HTML5
11 7 (4.55%) CSS
12 6 (3.90%) Spring Boot
12 6 (3.90%) Web Services
13 5 (3.25%) ASP.NET
13 5 (3.25%) Middleware
13 5 (3.25%) Sass
14 4 (2.60%) .NET Framework
14 4 (2.60%) CSS3
14 4 (2.60%) pytest
Miscellaneous
1 17 (11.04%) Fixed Income
2 13 (8.44%) Greenfield Project
3 12 (7.79%) Self-Motivation
4 6 (3.90%) Enterprise Software
5 5 (3.25%) Market Risk
6 4 (2.60%) Cloud Native
7 3 (1.95%) Data Structures
7 3 (1.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 3 (1.95%) Hedge funds
7 3 (1.95%) Management Information System
7 3 (1.95%) Mobile App
7 3 (1.95%) Virtual Team
8 2 (1.30%) Client/Server
8 2 (1.30%) Credit Risk
8 2 (1.30%) Embedded Systems
8 2 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (1.30%) Public Cloud
8 2 (1.30%) User Experience
9 1 (0.65%) Algorithms
9 1 (0.65%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 14 (9.09%) Linux
2 5 (3.25%) Apple iOS
2 5 (3.25%) Windows
3 4 (2.60%) Unix
4 3 (1.95%) Android
5 2 (1.30%) OpenWrt
6 1 (0.65%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.65%) Ubuntu
6 1 (0.65%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 96 (62.34%) Agile Software Development
2 51 (33.12%) DevOps
2 51 (33.12%) TDD
3 44 (28.57%) BDD
4 40 (25.97%) Microservices
5 31 (20.13%) SDLC
6 29 (18.83%) Scrum
7 21 (13.64%) Problem-Solving
7 21 (13.64%) User Stories
8 19 (12.34%) Software Engineering
9 18 (11.69%) Continuous Integration
10 17 (11.04%) Continuous Improvement
11 15 (9.74%) Analytics
11 15 (9.74%) E-Commerce
11 15 (9.74%) Mentoring
11 15 (9.74%) Pair Programming
11 15 (9.74%) Test Strategy
12 13 (8.44%) Deployment Automation
12 13 (8.44%) Low Latency
13 12 (7.79%) Scaled Agile Framework
Programming Languages
1 51 (33.12%) Java
2 36 (23.38%) SQL
3 29 (18.83%) Python
4 23 (14.94%) JavaScript
5 21 (13.64%) C#
6 10 (6.49%) TypeScript
7 7 (4.55%) PHP
8 6 (3.90%) Bash Shell
9 5 (3.25%) C++
9 5 (3.25%) Java 8
9 5 (3.25%) PowerShell
10 4 (2.60%) C
10 4 (2.60%) Shell Script
10 4 (2.60%) T-SQL
11 3 (1.95%) ES6
11 3 (1.95%) Kotlin
11 3 (1.95%) PL/SQL
12 2 (1.30%) Apple Swift
12 2 (1.30%) VB
12 2 (1.30%) VBA
Qualifications
1 9 (5.84%) Security Cleared
2 5 (3.25%) SC Cleared
3 2 (1.30%) Degree
4 1 (0.65%) BC Cleared
4 1 (0.65%) CTC Cleared
4 1 (0.65%) DBS Check
4 1 (0.65%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (20.13%) QA
2 5 (3.25%) Accessibility
3 3 (1.95%) GDPR
4 1 (0.65%) IFRS
4 1 (0.65%) JTAG
4 1 (0.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.65%) Solvency II
4 1 (0.65%) WCAG
System Software
1 6 (3.90%) Docker
2 1 (0.65%) Active Directory
2 1 (0.65%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 10 (6.49%) Kubernetes
1 10 (6.49%) Terraform
2 7 (4.55%) Ansible
3 2 (1.30%) Puppet
4 1 (0.65%) Cobbler
4 1 (0.65%) Packer
Vendors
1 8 (5.19%) Oracle
2 7 (4.55%) Microsoft
3 3 (1.95%) Databricks
3 3 (1.95%) HP
3 3 (1.95%) IBM
3 3 (1.95%) Splunk
4 2 (1.30%) Citrix
4 2 (1.30%) hybris
4 2 (1.30%) MuleSoft
4 2 (1.30%) Rollbar
4 2 (1.30%) Solace
4 2 (1.30%) UiPath
5 1 (0.65%) Adobe
5 1 (0.65%) Bloomberg
5 1 (0.65%) CA
5 1 (0.65%) Dell
5 1 (0.65%) Perfecto Mobile
5 1 (0.65%) SAP
5 1 (0.65%) SunGard
5 1 (0.65%) TIBCO