Period
to 23 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 43 31 38
Rank change year-on-year -12 +7 +20
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 353 377 345
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.09% 6.03% 5.21%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.83% 6.89% 5.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 299 308 279
City of London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -5.26%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £323
90th Percentile £625 £638 £613
Central London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -1.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
City of London median hourly rate £65.00 - -
Central London median hourly rate £65.00 - -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,053 5,472 5,797
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.27% 87.57% 87.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,815 4,234 4,658
City of London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £334 £313 £305
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £500 £493 £463
% change year-on-year +1.52% +6.49% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 96 45 55
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.50% - -12.40%
10th Percentile £12.63 £13.13 £11.50
90th Percentile £37.86 £29.77 £49.55
Central London median hourly rate £19.25 £17.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +13.24% -15.00% -9.60%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 23 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 6 £525 -
Moorgate -3 4 £400 -20.00%
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 23 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 195 (55.24%) Agile Software Development
2 134 (37.96%) Java
3 115 (32.58%) Selenium
4 94 (26.63%) JavaScript
5 90 (25.50%) TDD
6 86 (24.36%) Finance
6 86 (24.36%) Continuous Integration
7 85 (24.08%) Scrum
8 80 (22.66%) Banking
9 77 (21.81%) QA
10 74 (20.96%) SQL
11 72 (20.40%) BDD
12 71 (20.11%) Jenkins
13 69 (19.55%) DevOps
14 68 (19.26%) Git (software)
15 65 (18.41%) Docker
16 64 (18.13%) Amazon AWS
16 64 (18.13%) Python
17 63 (17.85%) C#
18 62 (17.56%) Cucumber
19 53 (15.01%) .NET
20 49 (13.88%) Microsoft Azure
21 46 (13.03%) REST
21 46 (13.03%) Unit Testing
22 45 (12.75%) JIRA
23 44 (12.46%) HTML
23 44 (12.46%) Linux
24 43 (12.18%) Software Engineering
24 43 (12.18%) Ruby
25 42 (11.90%) Bash Shell

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (6.80%) Confluence
2 19 (5.38%) Apache
3 7 (1.98%) Apache Spark
4 6 (1.70%) Tomcat
5 5 (1.42%) JBoss
6 3 (0.85%) nginx
6 3 (0.85%) Oracle Coherence
6 3 (0.85%) SharePoint
7 2 (0.57%) CMS
7 2 (0.57%) Drupal
7 2 (0.57%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.57%) Hubot
7 2 (0.57%) Jetty
7 2 (0.57%) OpenStack
7 2 (0.57%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
8 1 (0.28%) Gunicorn
8 1 (0.28%) Oracle Workflow
8 1 (0.28%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 8 (2.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (1.98%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.28%) HipChat
4 1 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (1.13%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.28%) BusinessWorks
2 1 (0.28%) Summit
2 1 (0.28%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 64 (18.13%) Amazon AWS
2 49 (13.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 22 (6.23%) GitHub
4 12 (3.40%) Amazon EC2
5 11 (3.12%) Amazon S3
6 8 (2.27%) BrowserStack
6 8 (2.27%) Heroku
6 8 (2.27%) Serverless
7 7 (1.98%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 7 (1.98%) Google Cloud Platform
7 7 (1.98%) IaaS
7 7 (1.98%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 5 (1.42%) Amazon SQS
8 5 (1.42%) IBM Cloud
8 5 (1.42%) npm
8 5 (1.42%) SaaS
8 5 (1.42%) Sauce Labs
9 4 (1.13%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (1.13%) OpenShift
10 3 (0.85%) Google Tag Manager
Communications & Networking
1 20 (5.67%) HTTP
2 18 (5.10%) TCP/IP
3 10 (2.83%) DNS
3 10 (2.83%) SMS
4 4 (1.13%) DHCP
5 3 (0.85%) AMQP
5 3 (0.85%) Firewall
5 3 (0.85%) FTP
5 3 (0.85%) ICMP
5 3 (0.85%) Internet
5 3 (0.85%) Skype
5 3 (0.85%) SSL
6 2 (0.57%) DKIM
6 2 (0.57%) DMARC
6 2 (0.57%) FIX Connectivity
6 2 (0.57%) Software-Defined Networking
7 1 (0.28%) LAN
7 1 (0.28%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (7.65%) NoSQL
2 21 (5.95%) SQL Server
3 14 (3.97%) Big Data
4 12 (3.40%) Relational Database
5 11 (3.12%) Hadoop
6 10 (2.83%) Apache Cassandra
6 10 (2.83%) PostgreSQL
7 9 (2.55%) Apache Hive
7 9 (2.55%) MySQL
8 8 (2.27%) Data Warehouse
8 8 (2.27%) Redis
9 6 (1.70%) Data Lake
9 6 (1.70%) Impala
9 6 (1.70%) Sqoop
10 5 (1.42%) Blockchain
11 4 (1.13%) MongoDB
12 3 (0.85%) BigQuery
12 3 (0.85%) RDBMS
12 3 (0.85%) SQL Server 2014
12 3 (0.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 115 (32.58%) Selenium
2 71 (20.11%) Jenkins
3 68 (19.26%) Git (software)
4 62 (17.56%) Cucumber
5 45 (12.75%) JIRA
6 32 (9.07%) Maven
7 30 (8.50%) JUnit
8 28 (7.93%) WebDriver
9 26 (7.37%) SpecFlow
10 23 (6.52%) Gradle
11 22 (6.23%) Appium
12 17 (4.82%) TeamCity
13 15 (4.25%) JMeter
14 13 (3.68%) SoapUI
14 13 (3.68%) Team Foundation Server
15 12 (3.40%) Mockito
16 11 (3.12%) Visual Studio
17 10 (2.83%) Mocha
17 10 (2.83%) webpack
18 7 (1.98%) GitLab
General
1 86 (24.36%) Finance
2 80 (22.66%) Banking
3 24 (6.80%) Front Office
4 20 (5.67%) Retail
5 16 (4.53%) Investment Banking
6 12 (3.40%) Games
7 11 (3.12%) Telecoms
8 10 (2.83%) Retail Banking
9 9 (2.55%) Advertising
10 8 (2.27%) Back Office
10 8 (2.27%) Financial Institution
10 8 (2.27%) Marketing
11 2 (0.57%) Law
11 2 (0.57%) Legal
11 2 (0.57%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.28%) Electronics
12 1 (0.28%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.28%) Publishing
12 1 (0.28%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 132 (37.39%) Developer
2 45 (12.75%) Java Developer
3 32 (9.07%) Tester
4 30 (8.50%) DevOps Engineer
5 28 (7.93%) Analyst
6 25 (7.08%) QA Engineer
7 23 (6.52%) Senior Developer
8 20 (5.67%) Automation Tester
8 20 (5.67%) Developer in Test
8 20 (5.67%) Test Analyst
9 18 (5.10%) Test Engineer
10 17 (4.82%) Automation Engineer
10 17 (4.82%) Senior DevOps
11 16 (4.53%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 15 (4.25%) QA Automation Engineer
13 12 (3.40%) JavaScript Developer
13 12 (3.40%) Test Automation Developer
13 12 (3.40%) Test Leader
14 11 (3.12%) Software Engineer
14 11 (3.12%) Test Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (15.01%) .NET
2 46 (13.03%) REST
3 44 (12.46%) HTML
4 38 (10.76%) AngularJS
5 37 (10.48%) Node.js
5 37 (10.48%) Web Services
6 34 (9.63%) RESTful
7 30 (8.50%) Spring
8 29 (8.22%) CSS
9 28 (7.93%) HTML5
10 25 (7.08%) JSON
11 23 (6.52%) React
12 22 (6.23%) Gherkin
13 20 (5.67%) SOAP
14 18 (5.10%) jQuery
15 15 (4.25%) XML
16 14 (3.97%) Guice
17 13 (3.68%) Dropwizard
18 12 (3.40%) Redux
19 9 (2.55%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 22 (6.23%) User Experience
2 21 (5.95%) Fintech
3 16 (4.53%) Virtual Team
4 14 (3.97%) Computer Science
4 14 (3.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 12 (3.40%) Analytical Skills
6 11 (3.12%) Derivative
7 10 (2.83%) Fixed Income
7 10 (2.83%) Greenfield Project
7 10 (2.83%) Mobile App
8 8 (2.27%) Algorithms
8 8 (2.27%) Equities
9 7 (1.98%) N-Tier
9 7 (1.98%) Self-Motivation
10 6 (1.70%) Wiki
11 5 (1.42%) Data Structures
12 4 (1.13%) Client/Server
12 4 (1.13%) PDA
12 4 (1.13%) Public Cloud
13 3 (0.85%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 44 (12.46%) Linux
2 40 (11.33%) Unix
3 23 (6.52%) Android
4 19 (5.38%) Apple iOS
5 14 (3.97%) Windows
6 5 (1.42%) Mac OS X
6 5 (1.42%) Ubuntu
7 4 (1.13%) CentOS
7 4 (1.13%) Solaris
8 3 (0.85%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.57%) VMS
9 2 (0.57%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.28%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
10 1 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 195 (55.24%) Agile Software Development
2 90 (25.50%) TDD
3 86 (24.36%) Continuous Integration
4 85 (24.08%) Scrum
5 72 (20.40%) BDD
6 69 (19.55%) DevOps
7 46 (13.03%) Unit Testing
8 43 (12.18%) Software Engineering
9 38 (10.76%) Test Scripting
10 36 (10.20%) Problem-Solving
10 36 (10.20%) SDET
11 33 (9.35%) Deployment Automation
12 32 (9.07%) Microservices
13 31 (8.78%) Continuous Delivery
14 30 (8.50%) API Testing
14 30 (8.50%) Open Source
15 29 (8.22%) Test Strategy
16 28 (7.93%) Kanban
17 27 (7.65%) OO
18 26 (7.37%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 134 (37.96%) Java
2 94 (26.63%) JavaScript
3 74 (20.96%) SQL
4 64 (18.13%) Python
5 63 (17.85%) C#
6 43 (12.18%) Ruby
7 42 (11.90%) Bash Shell
8 24 (6.80%) Java 8
9 22 (6.23%) TypeScript
10 16 (4.53%) PowerShell
11 13 (3.68%) Groovy
12 11 (3.12%) C++
13 10 (2.83%) Scala
14 9 (2.55%) ES6
14 9 (2.55%) Korn
15 8 (2.27%) Shell Script
16 7 (1.98%) Apple Swift
16 7 (1.98%) R
16 7 (1.98%) T-SQL
17 6 (1.70%) PHP
Qualifications
1 23 (6.52%) Degree
2 10 (2.83%) Security Cleared
3 9 (2.55%) ISTQB
4 8 (2.27%) SC Cleared
5 7 (1.98%) ISEB
6 5 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (0.85%) DV Cleared
7 3 (0.85%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.57%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.28%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.28%) OSCE
9 1 (0.28%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 77 (21.81%) QA
2 4 (1.13%) MiFID
3 3 (0.85%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.85%) PMO
3 3 (0.85%) PSD2
4 2 (0.57%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 1 (0.28%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.28%) EMIR
5 1 (0.28%) GCP
5 1 (0.28%) HL7
5 1 (0.28%) ISO 20022
5 1 (0.28%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 65 (18.41%) Docker
2 6 (1.70%) HDFS
3 4 (1.13%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.57%) ProxySG
5 1 (0.28%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 22 (6.23%) Ansible
2 21 (5.95%) Kubernetes
3 17 (4.82%) Puppet
4 13 (3.68%) Prometheus
5 11 (3.12%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (2.83%) HP ALM
7 9 (2.55%) Hadoop YARN
8 7 (1.98%) Terraform
9 6 (1.70%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (1.13%) Business Desktop Deployment
10 4 (1.13%) Grafana
10 4 (1.13%) Kibana
10 4 (1.13%) Mesos
10 4 (1.13%) Rancher
11 3 (0.85%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (0.57%) Consul
12 2 (0.57%) HockeyApp
12 2 (0.57%) StackStorm
13 1 (0.28%) logstash
13 1 (0.28%) rkt
Vendors
1 20 (5.67%) Oracle
2 14 (3.97%) HP
2 14 (3.97%) Splunk
3 12 (3.40%) Microsoft
4 9 (2.55%) New Relic
5 7 (1.98%) Cloudera
5 7 (1.98%) Google
5 7 (1.98%) Rollbar
6 5 (1.42%) TIBCO
7 4 (1.13%) ION Trading
7 4 (1.13%) Red Hat
7 4 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
8 3 (0.85%) Alteryx
8 3 (0.85%) Apple
8 3 (0.85%) Atlassian
8 3 (0.85%) Bloomberg
8 3 (0.85%) Guidewire
8 3 (0.85%) Reuters
8 3 (0.85%) Tealium
9 2 (0.57%) FXall