Period
to 5 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 5 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
5 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 37 32 48
Rank change year-on-year -5 +16 -15
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 213 400 342
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.11% 5.86% 4.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.86% 6.56% 5.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 172 311 275
Median daily rate £550 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £394 £363 £363
90th Percentile £700 £650 £613
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
Median hourly rate £48.50 - £65.00
10th Percentile £43.95 - £62.50
90th Percentile £52.25 - £67.50
Central London median hourly rate £48.50 - £65.00

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,635 6,100 6,348
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.15% 89.36% 89.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,676 4,706 5,045
Median daily rate £521 £525 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.71% +2.94% +2.51%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £338
90th Percentile £675 £675 £698
Central London median daily rate £510 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -2.86% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 56 87
Median hourly rate £25.50 £22.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.91% +10.00% -2.53%
10th Percentile £12.42 £12.76 £11.81
90th Percentile £52.25 £42.51 £46.16
Median hourly rate £29.00 £21.34 £21.50
% change year-on-year +35.90% -0.74% +13.16%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 5 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 5 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +41 2 £500 -
Moorgate +13 2 £525 +20.00% 1
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 5 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 124 (58.22%) Agile Software Development
2 71 (33.33%) Finance
3 68 (31.92%) Java
4 66 (30.99%) C#
5 62 (29.11%) DevOps
6 57 (26.76%) Azure
7 54 (25.35%) SQL
8 45 (21.13%) JavaScript
9 43 (20.19%) Continuous Integration
10 41 (19.25%) SQL Server
11 37 (17.37%) QA
11 37 (17.37%) Selenium
12 35 (16.43%) TDD
13 33 (15.49%) Scrum
13 33 (15.49%) Python
14 31 (14.55%) AWS
15 30 (14.08%) .NET
16 29 (13.62%) CSS
17 28 (13.15%) Microservices
18 26 (12.21%) React
19 25 (11.74%) AngularJS
19 25 (11.74%) OO
19 25 (11.74%) SDLC
20 24 (11.27%) Git (software)
20 24 (11.27%) RESTful
20 24 (11.27%) BDD
21 23 (10.80%) Continuous Delivery
21 23 (10.80%) Microsoft
22 22 (10.33%) HTML
22 22 (10.33%) JIRA

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (4.23%) Confluence
2 4 (1.88%) Apache Spark
2 4 (1.88%) IIS
3 3 (1.41%) nginx
4 2 (0.94%) CMS
4 2 (0.94%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (0.94%) OpenStack
5 1 (0.47%) Anypoint
5 1 (0.47%) Camunda
5 1 (0.47%) JBoss
5 1 (0.47%) Mule
5 1 (0.47%) Red Hat Fuse
5 1 (0.47%) SAS
Applications
1 7 (3.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (2.35%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.94%) Maximo
2 1 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.47%) FastStats
2 1 (0.47%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.47%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 57 (26.76%) Azure
2 31 (14.55%) AWS
3 12 (5.63%) GCP
4 9 (4.23%) GitHub
5 8 (3.76%) Azure Data Factory
6 7 (3.29%) Cloud Computing
6 7 (3.29%) Serverless
7 4 (1.88%) Azure Active Directory
7 4 (1.88%) Data Lake Analytics
8 3 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (1.41%) Azure Functions
8 3 (1.41%) Azure Stack
8 3 (1.41%) PaaS
8 3 (1.41%) Tricentis Tosca
9 2 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 2 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
9 2 (0.94%) Amazon S3
9 2 (0.94%) AWS CodePipeline
9 2 (0.94%) Route 53
9 2 (0.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.41%) HTTPS
2 2 (0.94%) Kerberos
2 2 (0.94%) Multicast
2 2 (0.94%) SSL
2 2 (0.94%) TCP/IP
2 2 (0.94%) Wi-Fi
3 1 (0.47%) 2G
3 1 (0.47%) 3GPP
3 1 (0.47%) 4G
3 1 (0.47%) Ethernet
3 1 (0.47%) GSM
3 1 (0.47%) HTTP
3 1 (0.47%) IPv4
3 1 (0.47%) IPv6
3 1 (0.47%) LTE
3 1 (0.47%) OpenFlow
3 1 (0.47%) Radio Access Network
3 1 (0.47%) UMTS
3 1 (0.47%) VoLTE
3 1 (0.47%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (19.25%) SQL Server
2 13 (6.10%) Azure SQL Database
3 11 (5.16%) Relational Database
4 7 (3.29%) Data Warehouse
4 7 (3.29%) MongoDB
4 7 (3.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 6 (2.82%) NoSQL
5 6 (2.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 5 (2.35%) Data Lake
6 5 (2.35%) Microsoft Analysis Services
6 5 (2.35%) MySQL
6 5 (2.35%) PostgreSQL
6 5 (2.35%) PowerPivot
6 5 (2.35%) SQL Server Analysis Services
6 5 (2.35%) SSDT
7 4 (1.88%) Redis
7 4 (1.88%) SQL Server 2008
8 3 (1.41%) Big Data
8 3 (1.41%) Cosmos DB
8 3 (1.41%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 37 (17.37%) Selenium
2 24 (11.27%) Git (software)
3 22 (10.33%) JIRA
4 20 (9.39%) Cucumber
4 20 (9.39%) Jenkins
5 14 (6.57%) SpecFlow
6 13 (6.10%) Visual Studio
7 10 (4.69%) Team Foundation Server
7 10 (4.69%) WebDriver
8 7 (3.29%) JUnit
8 7 (3.29%) Postman
9 6 (2.82%) JMeter
9 6 (2.82%) TeamCity
10 5 (2.35%) NUnit
10 5 (2.35%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
11 4 (1.88%) Octopus Deploy
11 4 (1.88%) TestNG
12 3 (1.41%) Appium
12 3 (1.41%) Mercurial
12 3 (1.41%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 71 (33.33%) Finance
2 15 (7.04%) Banking
3 10 (4.69%) Front Office
4 9 (4.23%) Public Sector
5 6 (2.82%) Legal
6 5 (2.35%) Back Office
7 4 (1.88%) Retail
8 3 (1.41%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.94%) General Ledger
9 2 (0.94%) Law
9 2 (0.94%) Marketing
10 1 (0.47%) Advertising
10 1 (0.47%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 92 (43.19%) Developer
2 25 (11.74%) C# Developer
3 19 (8.92%) Java Developer
3 19 (8.92%) Tester
4 16 (7.51%) Analyst
5 15 (7.04%) Senior Developer
6 14 (6.57%) Architect
7 12 (5.63%) Automation Tester
8 11 (5.16%) DevOps Engineer
9 10 (4.69%) React Developer
10 9 (4.23%) Test Analyst
10 9 (4.23%) Test Engineer
11 8 (3.76%) .NET Developer
11 8 (3.76%) Python Developer
11 8 (3.76%) Test Manager
12 7 (3.29%) Azure Developer
12 7 (3.29%) QA Engineer
12 7 (3.29%) Software Developer
13 6 (2.82%) Quantitative Developer
13 6 (2.82%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (14.08%) .NET
2 29 (13.62%) CSS
3 26 (12.21%) React
4 25 (11.74%) AngularJS
5 24 (11.27%) RESTful
6 22 (10.33%) HTML
7 21 (9.86%) Web Services
8 15 (7.04%) REST
9 13 (6.10%) Redux
10 12 (5.63%) FIX Protocol
11 11 (5.16%) Node.js
12 10 (4.69%) Spring
13 9 (4.23%) WCF
14 7 (3.29%) XML
15 6 (2.82%) Gherkin
15 6 (2.82%) NumPy
15 6 (2.82%) Spring Boot
16 5 (2.35%) ASP.NET Web API
16 5 (2.35%) Kafka
16 5 (2.35%) Reactive Extensions
Miscellaneous
1 15 (7.04%) Analytical Skills
2 10 (4.69%) Derivative
2 10 (4.69%) Greenfield Project
3 6 (2.82%) Data Structures
3 6 (2.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 5 (2.35%) Algorithms
4 5 (2.35%) Hedge funds
5 4 (1.88%) Cloud Native
6 3 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
6 3 (1.41%) Fixed Income
6 3 (1.41%) Mobile App
6 3 (1.41%) Replication
6 3 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
6 3 (1.41%) Social Media
6 3 (1.41%) User Experience
7 2 (0.94%) Equities
7 2 (0.94%) Management Information System
7 2 (0.94%) Market Risk
7 2 (0.94%) Swaptions
7 2 (0.94%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 17 (7.98%) Windows
2 13 (6.10%) Linux
3 7 (3.29%) Unix
4 5 (2.35%) Android
4 5 (2.35%) Apple iOS
5 3 (1.41%) Windows Server 2008
5 3 (1.41%) Windows Server 2012
5 3 (1.41%) Windows Server 2016
6 2 (0.94%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.47%) AIX
7 1 (0.47%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.47%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.47%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 124 (58.22%) Agile Software Development
2 62 (29.11%) DevOps
3 43 (20.19%) Continuous Integration
4 35 (16.43%) TDD
5 33 (15.49%) Scrum
6 28 (13.15%) Microservices
7 25 (11.74%) OO
7 25 (11.74%) SDLC
8 24 (11.27%) BDD
9 23 (10.80%) Continuous Delivery
10 21 (9.86%) Unit Testing
11 20 (9.39%) OOP
11 20 (9.39%) Problem-Solving
12 19 (8.92%) Test Scripting
13 16 (7.51%) Deployment Automation
13 16 (7.51%) Kanban
14 15 (7.04%) Computer Science
14 15 (7.04%) Software Engineering
15 14 (6.57%) Analytics
16 12 (5.63%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 68 (31.92%) Java
2 66 (30.99%) C#
3 54 (25.35%) SQL
4 45 (21.13%) JavaScript
5 33 (15.49%) Python
6 19 (8.92%) TypeScript
7 12 (5.63%) C++
8 11 (5.16%) Java 8
9 9 (4.23%) Ruby
10 7 (3.29%) PHP
11 6 (2.82%) C
11 6 (2.82%) T-SQL
12 5 (2.35%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
12 5 (2.35%) R
12 5 (2.35%) Scala
13 4 (1.88%) Kotlin
13 4 (1.88%) PowerShell
14 3 (1.41%) Groovy
14 3 (1.41%) XPath
15 2 (0.94%) XAML
Qualifications
1 20 (9.39%) Degree
2 12 (5.63%) ISTQB
3 9 (4.23%) ISEB
3 9 (4.23%) Security Cleared
4 8 (3.76%) SC Cleared
5 3 (1.41%) CHECK Team Member
5 3 (1.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 2 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.47%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.47%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (17.37%) QA
2 2 (0.94%) GDPR
2 2 (0.94%) IFRS
2 2 (0.94%) Solvency II
3 1 (0.47%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.47%) EMIR
3 1 (0.47%) MiFID
System Software
1 17 (7.98%) Docker
2 6 (2.82%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.88%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 15 (7.04%) Kubernetes
2 11 (5.16%) Terraform
3 10 (4.69%) Ansible
4 4 (1.88%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (1.88%) Puppet
5 3 (1.41%) HP Quality Center
6 2 (0.94%) Grafana
6 2 (0.94%) Kibana
7 1 (0.47%) Graphite
7 1 (0.47%) HP ALM
7 1 (0.47%) ITRS Geneos
7 1 (0.47%) logstash
7 1 (0.47%) Packer
7 1 (0.47%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.47%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.47%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 23 (10.80%) Microsoft
2 13 (6.10%) Oracle
3 7 (3.29%) Google
4 6 (2.82%) HP
5 4 (1.88%) Vermilion
6 2 (0.94%) Atlassian
6 2 (0.94%) IBM
6 2 (0.94%) MuleSoft
6 2 (0.94%) SAP
6 2 (0.94%) Solace
6 2 (0.94%) Xamarin
7 1 (0.47%) Bloomberg
7 1 (0.47%) Cadence
7 1 (0.47%) Novell
7 1 (0.47%) PeopleSoft
7 1 (0.47%) Perforce
7 1 (0.47%) Red Hat
7 1 (0.47%) Salesforce.com
7 1 (0.47%) Sun
7 1 (0.47%) Sybase