Period
to 23 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 41 35 36
Rank change year-on-year -6 +1 +9
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 130 199 375
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 5.13% 5.22% 5.59%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.67% 5.98% 6.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 86 159 289
10th Percentile £350 £412 £385
25th Percentile £428 £450 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% -
75th Percentile £638 £625 £600
90th Percentile £699 £700 £657
Central London median daily rate £550 £531 £500
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 0
Median hourly rate - £48.50 -
Central London median hourly rate - £48.50 -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,291 3,326 6,020
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.45% 87.30% 89.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,685 2,482 4,661
10th Percentile £338 £332 £325
25th Percentile £425 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £619 £613 £600
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £510 £525
% change year-on-year +2.94% -2.86% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 50 50
10th Percentile £11.95 £12.42 £11.25
25th Percentile £13.25 £14.00 £16.06
Median hourly rate £23.23 £23.43 £21.32
Median % change year-on-year -0.86% +9.87% +10.05%
75th Percentile £27.25 £38.75 £33.69
90th Percentile £40.83 £52.33 £37.95
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £23.43 £21.34
% change year-on-year -10.36% +9.78% +6.70%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 77 (59.23%) Agile Software Development
2 50 (38.46%) Azure
3 47 (36.15%) TDD
4 43 (33.08%) Git (software)
5 42 (32.31%) Finance
6 40 (30.77%) BDD
6 40 (30.77%) DevOps
7 35 (26.92%) Java
7 35 (26.92%) SQL
7 35 (26.92%) .NET
8 30 (23.08%) SDLC
9 26 (20.00%) Analytics
9 26 (20.00%) Problem-Solving
9 26 (20.00%) Fixed Income
10 25 (19.23%) JavaScript
10 25 (19.23%) User Stories
10 25 (19.23%) Microservices
11 24 (18.46%) C#
12 23 (17.69%) Deployment Automation
13 22 (16.92%) Scrum
14 20 (15.38%) Banking
14 20 (15.38%) Data Analysis
14 20 (15.38%) Python
14 20 (15.38%) Selenium
14 20 (15.38%) Continuous Improvement
15 19 (14.62%) Self-Motivation
16 18 (13.85%) Critical Thinking
16 18 (13.85%) Scaled Agile Framework
16 18 (13.85%) Tableau
16 18 (13.85%) Data Integration

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (4.62%) NServiceBus
2 5 (3.85%) Apache
2 5 (3.85%) Apache Spark
3 3 (2.31%) Red Hat Fuse
4 2 (1.54%) Apache Airflow
4 2 (1.54%) Confluence
5 1 (0.77%) Anypoint
5 1 (0.77%) IIS
5 1 (0.77%) Mule
5 1 (0.77%) Mule ESB
5 1 (0.77%) Oracle Coherence
5 1 (0.77%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.77%) WordPress
Applications
1 1 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.54%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.77%) OpenText MBPM
Cloud Services
1 50 (38.46%) Azure
2 13 (10.00%) Serverless
3 12 (9.23%) AWS
4 11 (8.46%) Azure Functions
5 9 (6.92%) Azure Service Bus
6 6 (4.62%) Azure Data Factory
6 6 (4.62%) Power Platform
7 5 (3.85%) Azure Logic Apps
7 5 (3.85%) Azure Storage
7 5 (3.85%) GitHub
8 4 (3.08%) Azure Key Vault
8 4 (3.08%) Power Automate
8 4 (3.08%) PowerApps
9 3 (2.31%) IaaS
10 2 (1.54%) GCP
10 2 (1.54%) Microsoft 365
10 2 (1.54%) PaaS
11 1 (0.77%) Akamai
11 1 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
11 1 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 4 (3.08%) HTTP
1 4 (3.08%) Multicast
2 2 (1.54%) DECT
2 2 (1.54%) IPv4
2 2 (1.54%) IPv6
2 2 (1.54%) PPP
2 2 (1.54%) UPnP
2 2 (1.54%) Wi-Fi
3 1 (0.77%) Broadband
3 1 (0.77%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (13.85%) Tableau
2 17 (13.08%) Tableau Desktop
2 17 (13.08%) Tableau Server
3 13 (10.00%) SQL Server
4 4 (3.08%) Azure SQL Database
4 4 (3.08%) MongoDB
4 4 (3.08%) NoSQL
4 4 (3.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
4 4 (3.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 3 (2.31%) Data Warehouse
5 3 (2.31%) Microsoft Analysis Services
5 3 (2.31%) MySQL
5 3 (2.31%) OLTP
5 3 (2.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 2 (1.54%) Apache Hive
6 2 (1.54%) Couchbase
6 2 (1.54%) Data Lake
6 2 (1.54%) Hadoop
6 2 (1.54%) MS Access
6 2 (1.54%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 43 (33.08%) Git (software)
2 20 (15.38%) Selenium
3 18 (13.85%) JIRA
4 17 (13.08%) Octopus Deploy
5 13 (10.00%) Cucumber
6 10 (7.69%) Jenkins
7 7 (5.38%) WebDriver
8 6 (4.62%) Maven
8 6 (4.62%) Postman
9 5 (3.85%) Cypress.io
9 5 (3.85%) JUnit
9 5 (3.85%) REST Assured
9 5 (3.85%) Visual Studio Team System
10 4 (3.08%) GDB
11 3 (2.31%) GitLab
11 3 (2.31%) Karma Test Runner
11 3 (2.31%) Ranorex
11 3 (2.31%) Robot Framework
11 3 (2.31%) SoapUI
11 3 (2.31%) SpecFlow
General
1 42 (32.31%) Finance
2 20 (15.38%) Banking
3 4 (3.08%) Front Office
3 4 (3.08%) Investment Banking
3 4 (3.08%) Legal
3 4 (3.08%) Public Sector
4 3 (2.31%) Games
4 3 (2.31%) Law
5 2 (1.54%) Publishing
6 1 (0.77%) Advertising
6 1 (0.77%) Back Office
6 1 (0.77%) Multimedia
6 1 (0.77%) Retail
6 1 (0.77%) Retail Banking
6 1 (0.77%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 74 (56.92%) Developer
2 14 (10.77%) Java Developer
3 13 (10.00%) Analyst
4 12 (9.23%) Tester
5 11 (8.46%) Analyst Developer
6 8 (6.15%) DevOps Engineer
6 8 (6.15%) Full Stack Developer
7 7 (5.38%) .NET Developer
7 7 (5.38%) Automation Tester
7 7 (5.38%) Risk Analyst
7 7 (5.38%) SQL Developer
8 6 (4.62%) Asset Management Analyst
8 6 (4.62%) E-Commerce Developer
8 6 (4.62%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 6 (4.62%) Java E-Commerce Developer
8 6 (4.62%) QA Engineer
8 6 (4.62%) Risk Management Analyst
9 5 (3.85%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 5 (3.85%) Azure Engineer
9 5 (3.85%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (26.92%) .NET
2 16 (12.31%) React
3 13 (10.00%) Node.js
4 10 (7.69%) Kafka
4 10 (7.69%) Spring
5 9 (6.92%) AngularJS
5 9 (6.92%) REST
6 7 (5.38%) RESTful
6 7 (5.38%) Web Services
7 6 (4.62%) HTML
7 6 (4.62%) JSON
8 5 (3.85%) CSS
8 5 (3.85%) Middleware
9 4 (3.08%) Redux
9 4 (3.08%) Sass
10 3 (2.31%) Apache Camel
10 3 (2.31%) Gherkin
10 3 (2.31%) GraphQL
10 3 (2.31%) Spring Boot
10 3 (2.31%) WebdriverIO
Miscellaneous
1 26 (20.00%) Fixed Income
2 19 (14.62%) Self-Motivation
3 13 (10.00%) Greenfield Project
4 5 (3.85%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (3.85%) Market Risk
5 4 (3.08%) Cloud Native
6 3 (2.31%) Enterprise Software
6 3 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 3 (2.31%) Virtual Team
7 2 (1.54%) Credit Risk
7 2 (1.54%) Derivative
7 2 (1.54%) Embedded Systems
7 2 (1.54%) Equities
7 2 (1.54%) Management Information System
8 1 (0.77%) Cyberattack
8 1 (0.77%) Media Streaming
8 1 (0.77%) Mobile App
8 1 (0.77%) Over-the-Top Content
8 1 (0.77%) Public Cloud
8 1 (0.77%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 10 (7.69%) Linux
2 2 (1.54%) OpenWrt
3 1 (0.77%) Android
3 1 (0.77%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.77%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 77 (59.23%) Agile Software Development
2 47 (36.15%) TDD
3 40 (30.77%) BDD
3 40 (30.77%) DevOps
4 30 (23.08%) SDLC
5 26 (20.00%) Analytics
5 26 (20.00%) Problem-Solving
6 25 (19.23%) Microservices
6 25 (19.23%) User Stories
7 23 (17.69%) Deployment Automation
8 22 (16.92%) Scrum
9 20 (15.38%) Continuous Improvement
9 20 (15.38%) Data Analysis
10 18 (13.85%) Critical Thinking
10 18 (13.85%) Data Integration
10 18 (13.85%) Scaled Agile Framework
11 17 (13.08%) Continuous Integration
11 17 (13.08%) Data Visualisation
11 17 (13.08%) Visualisation
12 14 (10.77%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 35 (26.92%) Java
1 35 (26.92%) SQL
2 25 (19.23%) JavaScript
3 24 (18.46%) C#
4 20 (15.38%) Python
5 7 (5.38%) PowerShell
6 6 (4.62%) C++
6 6 (4.62%) T-SQL
7 5 (3.85%) ES6
7 5 (3.85%) Ruby
7 5 (3.85%) Scala
7 5 (3.85%) TypeScript
8 4 (3.08%) Bash Shell
8 4 (3.08%) Go
8 4 (3.08%) PL/SQL
9 3 (2.31%) Java 8
10 2 (1.54%) C
10 2 (1.54%) Shell Script
10 2 (1.54%) VB
10 2 (1.54%) VBA
Qualifications
1 4 (3.08%) Degree
1 4 (3.08%) Security Cleared
2 3 (2.31%) SC Cleared
3 2 (1.54%) ISEB
3 2 (1.54%) ISTQB
4 1 (0.77%) BC Cleared
4 1 (0.77%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (13.08%) QA
2 2 (1.54%) Dodd-Frank
2 2 (1.54%) JTAG
System Software
1 4 (3.08%) Docker
2 2 (1.54%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 12 (9.23%) Kubernetes
2 9 (6.92%) Terraform
3 3 (2.31%) Grafana
4 2 (1.54%) Ambari
4 2 (1.54%) Ansible
4 2 (1.54%) Hadoop YARN
5 1 (0.77%) HP ALM
5 1 (0.77%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 8 (6.15%) Microsoft
2 7 (5.38%) Oracle
3 4 (3.08%) Databricks
4 3 (2.31%) UiPath
5 2 (1.54%) Citrix
5 2 (1.54%) Cloudera
5 2 (1.54%) HP
5 2 (1.54%) iManage
5 2 (1.54%) Solace
5 2 (1.54%) Splunk
6 1 (0.77%) Adobe
6 1 (0.77%) Google
6 1 (0.77%) MuleSoft
6 1 (0.77%) Perfecto Mobile
6 1 (0.77%) Roku
6 1 (0.77%) Rollbar
6 1 (0.77%) SAP
6 1 (0.77%) Workday
6 1 (0.77%) Xamarin