Period
to 20 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 20 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 48 39 29
Rank change year-on-year -9 -10 +9
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 306 396 385
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 4.57% 5.58% 5.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.10% 6.34% 6.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 236 336 307
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £394 £350 £325
90th Percentile £700 £629 £638
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
City of London median hourly rate - £65.00 -
Central London median hourly rate - £50.00 -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,000 6,247 5,720
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 89.66% 87.95% 88.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,670 4,935 4,417
City of London median daily rate £525 £510 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +2.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £350 £331 £313
90th Percentile £675 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +6.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 72 112 57
City of London median hourly rate £21.25 £18.70 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.64% -8.78% +2.55%
10th Percentile £11.25 £13.00 £13.13
90th Percentile £56.23 £33.00 £31.60
Central London median hourly rate £21.34 £18.70 £18.70
% change year-on-year +14.12% - -6.50%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate -17 2 £400 -
Test Automation
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 183 (59.80%) Agile Software Development
2 124 (40.52%) Java
3 83 (27.12%) C#
4 80 (26.14%) SQL
5 79 (25.82%) Finance
6 77 (25.16%) JavaScript
6 77 (25.16%) QA
7 76 (24.84%) Selenium
8 73 (23.86%) DevOps
9 72 (23.53%) Scrum
10 70 (22.88%) Continuous Integration
11 67 (21.90%) Python
12 62 (20.26%) Microservices
13 61 (19.93%) TDD
13 61 (19.93%) BDD
14 56 (18.30%) Amazon AWS
15 55 (17.97%) Microsoft Azure
15 55 (17.97%) Git (software)
16 53 (17.32%) Cucumber
17 46 (15.03%) Jenkins
18 44 (14.38%) Unit Testing
19 41 (13.40%) Problem-Solving
20 39 (12.75%) Continuous Delivery
21 38 (12.42%) RESTful
21 38 (12.42%) Linux
22 37 (12.09%) .NET
22 37 (12.09%) SpecFlow
23 36 (11.76%) JIRA
24 35 (11.44%) SQL Server
24 35 (11.44%) HTML

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (7.19%) Confluence
2 13 (4.25%) Apache Spark
2 13 (4.25%) Elasticsearch
3 10 (3.27%) nginx
4 9 (2.94%) Apache
5 4 (1.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 3 (0.98%) CMS
6 3 (0.98%) IIS
6 3 (0.98%) Jetty
6 3 (0.98%) Tomcat
7 2 (0.65%) JBoss
7 2 (0.65%) Oracle Self-Service HR
7 2 (0.65%) WebLogic
8 1 (0.33%) Anypoint
8 1 (0.33%) Gunicorn
8 1 (0.33%) Mule
8 1 (0.33%) Mule ESB
8 1 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.33%) WebSphere
8 1 (0.33%) WordPress
Applications
1 4 (1.31%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 2 (0.65%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.33%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (2.94%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (2.61%) Oracle Financials
3 2 (0.65%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.65%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 56 (18.30%) Amazon AWS
2 55 (17.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 17 (5.56%) GitHub
3 17 (5.56%) Serverless
4 14 (4.58%) Azure Functions
5 12 (3.92%) AWS Lambda
6 11 (3.59%) Azure Data Factory
7 9 (2.94%) Power Platform
8 6 (1.96%) PaaS
9 5 (1.63%) AWS CloudFormation
9 5 (1.63%) Google Cloud Platform
10 4 (1.31%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (1.31%) Amazon ECS
10 4 (1.31%) Amazon ELB
10 4 (1.31%) Amazon S3
10 4 (1.31%) Data Lake Analytics
11 3 (0.98%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
11 3 (0.98%) AWS OpsWorks
11 3 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (0.98%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 5 (1.63%) DNS
1 5 (1.63%) HTTP
2 4 (1.31%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.98%) DHCP
3 3 (0.98%) FTP
3 3 (0.98%) IPsec
3 3 (0.98%) SSL
4 2 (0.65%) Firewall
4 2 (0.65%) Internet
4 2 (0.65%) SSH
5 1 (0.33%) DSL
5 1 (0.33%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.33%) Network Security
5 1 (0.33%) Wireless
5 1 (0.33%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (11.44%) SQL Server
2 28 (9.15%) Relational Database
3 24 (7.84%) MongoDB
4 17 (5.56%) Big Data
5 16 (5.23%) NoSQL
6 12 (3.92%) Hadoop
6 12 (3.92%) MySQL
7 11 (3.59%) SQL Server 2014
8 10 (3.27%) Data Lake
8 10 (3.27%) PostgreSQL
9 9 (2.94%) Data Warehouse
9 9 (2.94%) Power BI
10 8 (2.61%) Cosmos DB
10 8 (2.61%) Oracle Reports
11 7 (2.29%) Apache Cassandra
11 7 (2.29%) Microsoft Analysis Services
11 7 (2.29%) RDBMS
11 7 (2.29%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 6 (1.96%) HBase
12 6 (1.96%) Redis
Development Applications
1 76 (24.84%) Selenium
2 55 (17.97%) Git (software)
3 53 (17.32%) Cucumber
4 46 (15.03%) Jenkins
5 37 (12.09%) SpecFlow
6 36 (11.76%) JIRA
7 32 (10.46%) WebDriver
8 25 (8.17%) TeamCity
9 20 (6.54%) Visual Studio Team System
10 16 (5.23%) Team Foundation Server
11 12 (3.92%) JMeter
12 11 (3.59%) Visual Studio
13 10 (3.27%) JUnit
13 10 (3.27%) Maven
14 9 (2.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 9 (2.94%) Fiddler
14 9 (2.94%) LoadRunner
15 8 (2.61%) Appium
15 8 (2.61%) MSTest
15 8 (2.61%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 79 (25.82%) Finance
2 33 (10.78%) Banking
3 19 (6.21%) Retail
4 14 (4.58%) Front Office
5 11 (3.59%) Law
6 10 (3.27%) Marketing
7 9 (2.94%) Investment Banking
8 8 (2.61%) Back Office
9 4 (1.31%) Financial Institution
9 4 (1.31%) Publishing
10 2 (0.65%) Electronics
11 1 (0.33%) Advertising
11 1 (0.33%) Automotive
11 1 (0.33%) Games
11 1 (0.33%) International Banking
11 1 (0.33%) Legal
11 1 (0.33%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.33%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 100 (32.68%) Developer
2 48 (15.69%) Tester
3 31 (10.13%) Automation Tester
4 28 (9.15%) Java Developer
5 22 (7.19%) DevOps Engineer
5 22 (7.19%) Test Engineer
6 20 (6.54%) Analyst
6 20 (6.54%) Senior Developer
7 18 (5.88%) QA Engineer
8 16 (5.23%) Test Analyst
9 15 (4.90%) C# Developer
9 15 (4.90%) Software Engineer
10 13 (4.25%) Java Engineer
10 13 (4.25%) Test Leader
11 12 (3.92%) Test Automation Engineer
12 11 (3.59%) Azure DevOps
12 11 (3.59%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 11 (3.59%) Azure Engineer
12 11 (3.59%) Python Developer
13 10 (3.27%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (12.42%) RESTful
2 37 (12.09%) .NET
3 35 (11.44%) HTML
4 34 (11.11%) Web Services
5 31 (10.13%) AngularJS
6 30 (9.80%) CSS
7 26 (8.50%) Node.js
8 25 (8.17%) React
9 21 (6.86%) Spring
10 20 (6.54%) Kafka
11 18 (5.88%) Gherkin
11 18 (5.88%) JSON
12 16 (5.23%) REST
13 15 (4.90%) HTML5
14 11 (3.59%) XML
15 10 (3.27%) Middleware
15 10 (3.27%) Spring Boot
16 9 (2.94%) .NET Core
16 9 (2.94%) Django
16 9 (2.94%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 27 (8.82%) Greenfield Project
2 16 (5.23%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (3.92%) Mobile App
4 11 (3.59%) Equities
4 11 (3.59%) Hedge funds
4 11 (3.59%) Self-Motivation
5 10 (3.27%) Derivative
5 10 (3.27%) User Experience
6 9 (2.94%) Data Structures
7 8 (2.61%) Fixed Income
7 8 (2.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 6 (1.96%) Cloud Native
8 6 (1.96%) Social Media
9 3 (0.98%) Data Protection Act
9 3 (0.98%) Reference Data
9 3 (0.98%) Video on Demand
10 2 (0.65%) Clustering
10 2 (0.65%) Enterprise Software
10 2 (0.65%) Spread Betting
10 2 (0.65%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 38 (12.42%) Linux
2 14 (4.58%) Unix
2 14 (4.58%) Windows
3 11 (3.59%) Android
4 8 (2.61%) Apple iOS
5 5 (1.63%) Mac OS X
6 4 (1.31%) CentOS
6 4 (1.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 4 (1.31%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.65%) Debian
8 1 (0.33%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 183 (59.80%) Agile Software Development
2 73 (23.86%) DevOps
3 72 (23.53%) Scrum
4 70 (22.88%) Continuous Integration
5 62 (20.26%) Microservices
6 61 (19.93%) BDD
6 61 (19.93%) TDD
7 44 (14.38%) Unit Testing
8 41 (13.40%) Problem-Solving
9 39 (12.75%) Continuous Delivery
10 32 (10.46%) SDLC
11 30 (9.80%) OO
12 29 (9.48%) Regression Testing
12 29 (9.48%) Test Strategy
13 26 (8.50%) Continuous Improvement
14 25 (8.17%) Acceptance Criteria
14 25 (8.17%) Manual Testing
15 24 (7.84%) User Acceptance Testing
16 23 (7.52%) Deployment Automation
16 23 (7.52%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 124 (40.52%) Java
2 83 (27.12%) C#
3 80 (26.14%) SQL
4 77 (25.16%) JavaScript
5 67 (21.90%) Python
6 21 (6.86%) TypeScript
7 17 (5.56%) T-SQL
8 15 (4.90%) PowerShell
9 14 (4.58%) PHP
9 14 (4.58%) Ruby
10 11 (3.59%) Scala
11 9 (2.94%) Perl
12 8 (2.61%) C++
12 8 (2.61%) Java 8
13 6 (1.96%) Bash Shell
13 6 (1.96%) Go
13 6 (1.96%) Kotlin
14 5 (1.63%) ES6
14 5 (1.63%) PL/SQL
14 5 (1.63%) VBA
Qualifications
1 22 (7.19%) Degree
2 8 (2.61%) ACCA
2 8 (2.61%) Computer Science Degree
2 8 (2.61%) Security Cleared
3 7 (2.29%) ISTQB
4 5 (1.63%) ISEB
4 5 (1.63%) SC Cleared
5 3 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (0.98%) CHECK Team Member
6 1 (0.33%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.33%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.33%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.33%) GPEN
6 1 (0.33%) GWAPT
6 1 (0.33%) GXPN
6 1 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (0.33%) Master's Degree
6 1 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.33%) OSCE
6 1 (0.33%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 77 (25.16%) QA
2 7 (2.29%) GDPR
3 1 (0.33%) Basel III
3 1 (0.33%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.33%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.33%) PMO
3 1 (0.33%) WCAG
System Software
1 26 (8.50%) Docker
2 4 (1.31%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.33%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.33%) Apache Flume
3 1 (0.33%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.33%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 16 (5.23%) Ansible
1 16 (5.23%) Terraform
2 14 (4.58%) Kubernetes
2 14 (4.58%) Puppet
3 8 (2.61%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (1.31%) Hadoop YARN
5 3 (0.98%) Grafana
6 2 (0.65%) HP ALM
6 2 (0.65%) Packer
6 2 (0.65%) Salt
7 1 (0.33%) Host Intrusion Detection System
7 1 (0.33%) Microsoft Clustering
7 1 (0.33%) Network Intrusion Detection System
7 1 (0.33%) rkt
Vendors
1 35 (11.44%) Microsoft
2 17 (5.56%) Salesforce.com
3 16 (5.23%) Oracle
4 9 (2.94%) HP
5 7 (2.29%) IBM
5 7 (2.29%) Marketo
5 7 (2.29%) Pardot
6 6 (1.96%) Databricks
6 6 (1.96%) Splunk
6 6 (1.96%) Tableau
7 5 (1.63%) Google
8 4 (1.31%) Adobe
8 4 (1.31%) Bloomberg
8 4 (1.31%) Informatica
8 4 (1.31%) InterSystems
8 4 (1.31%) New Relic
8 4 (1.31%) Sybase
9 3 (0.98%) Cloudera
9 3 (0.98%) Perforce
9 3 (0.98%) Red Hat