Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 46 41 42
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 -16
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 185 99 251
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 4.66% 4.74% 5.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.13% 5.25% 5.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 148 78 205
10th Percentile £388 £350 £363
25th Percentile £463 £413 £419
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £556 £550 £513
Median % change year-on-year +1.14% +7.32% +2.50%
75th Percentile £645 £613 £613
90th Percentile £721 £681 £700
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £503
% change year-on-year - +9.45% +0.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 3
10th Percentile - - £43.95
25th Percentile - - £44.25
Median hourly rate - - £48.50
75th Percentile - - £52.25
90th Percentile - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - £48.50

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,609 1,886 4,443
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.93% 90.33% 89.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,806 1,411 3,478
10th Percentile £375 £313 £320
25th Percentile £473 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £513
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% -
75th Percentile £650 £602 £600
90th Percentile £750 £688 £676
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £510
% change year-on-year +7.21% +0.59% -0.49%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 23 49
10th Percentile £19.13 £13.63 £12.03
25th Percentile £33.19 £19.50 £14.25
Median hourly rate £43.50 £26.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +64.15% +32.50% +5.26%
75th Percentile £61.75 £36.38 £25.76
90th Percentile £64.25 £46.00 £52.25
Central London median hourly rate £43.50 £27.00 £20.83
% change year-on-year +61.11% +29.62% +8.21%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the City of London

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 98 (52.97%) Agile Software Development
2 66 (35.68%) Java
3 59 (31.89%) DevOps
4 58 (31.35%) CI/CD
5 42 (22.70%) Microservices
6 41 (22.16%) AWS
6 41 (22.16%) TDD
7 40 (21.62%) Finance
8 39 (21.08%) SQL
9 38 (20.54%) Git (software)
10 37 (20.00%) Azure
10 37 (20.00%) BDD
10 37 (20.00%) Python
10 37 (20.00%) Selenium
11 35 (18.92%) JIRA
11 35 (18.92%) JavaScript
12 31 (16.76%) Scrum
13 30 (16.22%) C#
14 29 (15.68%) QA
14 29 (15.68%) Cucumber
15 28 (15.14%) Software Engineering
16 27 (14.59%) Jenkins
17 25 (13.51%) Software Testing
18 24 (12.97%) Continuous Integration
18 24 (12.97%) Kubernetes
19 23 (12.43%) SDLC
20 22 (11.89%) Terraform
20 22 (11.89%) Docker
20 22 (11.89%) .NET
21 21 (11.35%) Regression Testing

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (3.78%) Confluence
2 4 (2.16%) CMS
2 4 (2.16%) OpenStack
3 3 (1.62%) SharePoint
4 2 (1.08%) Headless CMS
4 2 (1.08%) nginx
5 1 (0.54%) Drupal
5 1 (0.54%) GeoServer
5 1 (0.54%) JBoss
5 1 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (0.54%) Red Hat Fuse
5 1 (0.54%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.54%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.54%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (1.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (1.08%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 2 (1.08%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.54%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 41 (22.16%) AWS
2 37 (20.00%) Azure
3 18 (9.73%) Serverless
4 14 (7.57%) PaaS
5 12 (6.49%) GitHub
6 9 (4.86%) AWS Lambda
7 7 (3.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 7 (3.78%) SaaS
8 6 (3.24%) Amazon Cognito
8 6 (3.24%) AWS CloudFormation
8 6 (3.24%) Azure Service Bus
8 6 (3.24%) Power Platform
9 5 (2.70%) Amazon EC2
9 5 (2.70%) Azure Storage
10 4 (2.16%) Amazon S3
10 4 (2.16%) Azure Key Vault
10 4 (2.16%) Dynamics 365
10 4 (2.16%) Microsoft 365
10 4 (2.16%) OpenShift
10 4 (2.16%) Tricentis Tosca
Communications & Networking
1 6 (3.24%) DNS
2 5 (2.70%) Firewall
3 4 (2.16%) Internet
4 2 (1.08%) Multicast
4 2 (1.08%) SSL
5 1 (0.54%) Broadband
5 1 (0.54%) DECT
5 1 (0.54%) HTTPS
5 1 (0.54%) IPv4
5 1 (0.54%) IPv6
5 1 (0.54%) MPLS
5 1 (0.54%) PPP
5 1 (0.54%) UPnP
5 1 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (8.11%) SQL Server
2 11 (5.95%) Data Warehouse
3 8 (4.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 7 (3.78%) NoSQL
5 6 (3.24%) MongoDB
6 5 (2.70%) MySQL
6 5 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
6 5 (2.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 4 (2.16%) Power BI
8 3 (1.62%) Oracle Database
9 2 (1.08%) Couchbase
9 2 (1.08%) Data Lake
9 2 (1.08%) Hadoop
9 2 (1.08%) MariaDB
9 2 (1.08%) Parquet
9 2 (1.08%) Redis
9 2 (1.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1 (0.54%) Azure SQL Database
10 1 (0.54%) SAP HANA
10 1 (0.54%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 38 (20.54%) Git (software)
2 37 (20.00%) Selenium
3 35 (18.92%) JIRA
4 29 (15.68%) Cucumber
5 27 (14.59%) Jenkins
6 14 (7.57%) GitLab
6 14 (7.57%) SpecFlow
6 14 (7.57%) WebDriver
7 13 (7.03%) JMeter
8 11 (5.95%) TeamCity
9 7 (3.78%) Octopus Deploy
9 7 (3.78%) Postman
9 7 (3.78%) REST Assured
10 6 (3.24%) Gatling
10 6 (3.24%) SoapUI
10 6 (3.24%) Zephyr
11 5 (2.70%) Appium
11 5 (2.70%) Bitbucket
11 5 (2.70%) Cypress.io
11 5 (2.70%) Maven
General
1 40 (21.62%) Finance
2 20 (10.81%) Social Skills
3 19 (10.27%) Banking
4 15 (8.11%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (7.03%) Investment Banking
6 9 (4.86%) Front Office
7 7 (3.78%) Legal
8 6 (3.24%) Public Sector
9 5 (2.70%) Documentation Skills
9 5 (2.70%) Retail
10 3 (1.62%) Financial Institution
10 3 (1.62%) Presentation Skills
11 2 (1.08%) Back Office
12 1 (0.54%) Billing
12 1 (0.54%) Multimedia
12 1 (0.54%) Organisational Skills
12 1 (0.54%) Prime Brokerage
12 1 (0.54%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.54%) Synthetic Prime Brokerage
12 1 (0.54%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 58 (31.35%) Developer
2 31 (16.76%) Tester
3 19 (10.27%) Automation Tester
4 18 (9.73%) Analyst
5 17 (9.19%) Java Developer
6 16 (8.65%) Test Analyst
7 13 (7.03%) DevOps Engineer
8 12 (6.49%) Software Engineer
9 10 (5.41%) Software Developer
9 10 (5.41%) Test Engineer
10 8 (4.32%) AWS Engineer
10 8 (4.32%) Senior Developer
10 8 (4.32%) Test Leader
11 6 (3.24%) Automation Test Lead
11 6 (3.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 6 (3.24%) Test Automation Engineer
11 6 (3.24%) UI Developer
12 5 (2.70%) Developer in Test
12 5 (2.70%) Engineering Manager
12 5 (2.70%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (11.89%) .NET
2 21 (11.35%) React
3 18 (9.73%) CSS
4 17 (9.19%) Node.js
5 16 (8.65%) Kafka
6 14 (7.57%) REST
7 13 (7.03%) RESTful
8 12 (6.49%) Gherkin
9 10 (5.41%) HTML
10 9 (4.86%) AngularJS
10 9 (4.86%) XML
11 8 (4.32%) HTML5
12 6 (3.24%) JSON
12 6 (3.24%) Spring
13 5 (2.70%) .NET Core
13 5 (2.70%) Spring Boot
14 4 (2.16%) Elastic Stack
14 4 (2.16%) Redux
14 4 (2.16%) Vue.js
14 4 (2.16%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 13 (7.03%) Greenfield Project
2 11 (5.95%) User Experience
3 7 (3.78%) Fixed Income
4 6 (3.24%) Algorithms
4 6 (3.24%) Data Structures
4 6 (3.24%) Management Information System
5 5 (2.70%) Cloud Native
6 4 (2.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 4 (2.16%) Linux Command Line
6 4 (2.16%) Mobile App
6 4 (2.16%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
7 3 (1.62%) Hedge funds
7 3 (1.62%) PKI
7 3 (1.62%) Virtual Team
8 2 (1.08%) Embedded Systems
8 2 (1.08%) Equities
8 2 (1.08%) Legacy Systems
8 2 (1.08%) Public Cloud
9 1 (0.54%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 20 (10.81%) Linux
2 12 (6.49%) Windows
3 8 (4.32%) Unix
4 3 (1.62%) Ubuntu
4 3 (1.62%) Windows Server 2008
4 3 (1.62%) Windows Server 2012
5 2 (1.08%) Android
5 2 (1.08%) Debian
5 2 (1.08%) OpenWrt
6 1 (0.54%) Android TV
6 1 (0.54%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.54%) Mac OS X
6 1 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 98 (52.97%) Agile Software Development
2 59 (31.89%) DevOps
3 58 (31.35%) CI/CD
4 42 (22.70%) Microservices
5 41 (22.16%) TDD
6 37 (20.00%) BDD
7 31 (16.76%) Scrum
8 28 (15.14%) Software Engineering
9 25 (13.51%) Software Testing
10 24 (12.97%) Continuous Integration
11 23 (12.43%) SDLC
12 21 (11.35%) Regression Testing
13 20 (10.81%) SDET
14 18 (9.73%) User Stories
15 17 (9.19%) Continuous Delivery
16 16 (8.65%) Continuous Deployment
16 16 (8.65%) Problem-Solving
17 14 (7.57%) API Testing
17 14 (7.57%) Computer Science
17 14 (7.57%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 66 (35.68%) Java
2 39 (21.08%) SQL
3 37 (20.00%) Python
4 35 (18.92%) JavaScript
5 30 (16.22%) C#
6 16 (8.65%) TypeScript
7 7 (3.78%) PHP
8 6 (3.24%) Bash
9 5 (2.70%) PowerShell
9 5 (2.70%) T-SQL
10 4 (2.16%) ES6
10 4 (2.16%) Groovy
10 4 (2.16%) Java 11
10 4 (2.16%) Ruby
10 4 (2.16%) Shell Script
11 3 (1.62%) Perl
11 3 (1.62%) R
11 3 (1.62%) VB
11 3 (1.62%) VBScript
12 2 (1.08%) C
Qualifications
1 18 (9.73%) Security Cleared
2 16 (8.65%) Degree
2 16 (8.65%) SC Cleared
3 11 (5.95%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (4.32%) ISTQB
4 8 (4.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
5 5 (2.70%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (1.08%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
6 2 (1.08%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.54%) CISSP
7 1 (0.54%) CTC Cleared
7 1 (0.54%) ISEB
7 1 (0.54%) MCP
7 1 (0.54%) MCSA
7 1 (0.54%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.54%) PMP
7 1 (0.54%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (15.68%) QA
2 7 (3.78%) Accessibility
3 3 (1.62%) GDPR
4 2 (1.08%) WCAG
5 1 (0.54%) IFRS
5 1 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.54%) JTAG
5 1 (0.54%) NCSC
5 1 (0.54%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.54%) Solvency II
System Software
1 22 (11.89%) Docker
2 3 (1.62%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.08%) vCloud
4 1 (0.54%) GeoWebCache
4 1 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 24 (12.97%) Kubernetes
2 22 (11.89%) Terraform
3 10 (5.41%) Ansible
4 5 (2.70%) ITRS Geneos
5 4 (2.16%) Grafana
5 4 (2.16%) Puppet
6 3 (1.62%) BladeLogic
6 3 (1.62%) HP ALM
6 3 (1.62%) Opscode Chef
6 3 (1.62%) ZABBIX
7 2 (1.08%) CA Service Virtualization
7 2 (1.08%) Consul
7 2 (1.08%) Fluentd
7 2 (1.08%) HAProxy
7 2 (1.08%) Kibana
7 2 (1.08%) Prometheus
8 1 (0.54%) Cobbler
8 1 (0.54%) HP Fortify
8 1 (0.54%) HP Quality Center
8 1 (0.54%) Packer
Vendors
1 17 (9.19%) Microsoft
2 9 (4.86%) Oracle
3 6 (3.24%) CyberArk
3 6 (3.24%) Red Hat
4 5 (2.70%) Atlassian
4 5 (2.70%) Databricks
4 5 (2.70%) Splunk
5 4 (2.16%) CA
5 4 (2.16%) HP
5 4 (2.16%) VMware
6 3 (1.62%) IBM
7 2 (1.08%) Borland
7 2 (1.08%) Cisco
7 2 (1.08%) Refinitiv
7 2 (1.08%) SaltStack
7 2 (1.08%) SAP
7 2 (1.08%) Sonatype
7 2 (1.08%) Synopsys
7 2 (1.08%) TIBCO
8 1 (0.54%) Checkmarx