Period
to 25 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 25 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 8 14
Rank change year-on-year -1 +6 +8
Contract jobs citing Python 273 727 728
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 13.91% 12.61% 10.46%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.97% 25.27% 19.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 194 565 588
Median daily rate £525 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% -4.35%
10th Percentile £352 £425 £413
90th Percentile £688 £725 £713
Central London median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 0
Median hourly rate £38.50 £49.75 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.61% - -
Central London median hourly rate £38.50 £49.75 -
% change year-on-year -22.61% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 976 2,877 3,771
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.75% 49.90% 54.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 705 2,331 3,157
Median daily rate £530 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.95% - -
10th Percentile £363 £388 £375
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £530 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +0.95% - +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 £37.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% -24.51% +61.31%
10th Percentile £12.75 £21.13 £16.10
90th Percentile £39.48 £57.40 £74.46
Median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 £37.09
% change year-on-year +25.00% -24.51% +51.48%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 25 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +6 1 £475 -13.64%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 25 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 87 (31.87%) Finance
2 86 (31.50%) SQL
3 74 (27.11%) Java
3 74 (27.11%) AWS
4 61 (22.34%) DevOps
5 59 (21.61%) Agile Software Development
6 57 (20.88%) Jenkins
7 54 (19.78%) Banking
7 54 (19.78%) Kubernetes
8 52 (19.05%) Git (software)
9 49 (17.95%) Linux
10 46 (16.85%) JavaScript
11 44 (16.12%) Azure
11 44 (16.12%) Docker
12 43 (15.75%) Analytics
13 38 (13.92%) Terraform
14 36 (13.19%) C#
14 36 (13.19%) Ansible
15 35 (12.82%) Continuous Integration
16 34 (12.45%) Microservices
16 34 (12.45%) GCP
17 31 (11.36%) C++
18 29 (10.62%) Data Science
19 28 (10.26%) Kafka
20 27 (9.89%) Big Data
21 26 (9.52%) REST
21 26 (9.52%) Security Cleared
21 26 (9.52%) Bash Shell
21 26 (9.52%) PostgreSQL
22 25 (9.16%) Front Office

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (8.79%) Apache Spark
2 16 (5.86%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (3.30%) Confluence
4 7 (2.56%) Apache
5 6 (2.20%) Jupyter
6 5 (1.83%) SAS
6 5 (1.83%) Tornado
7 4 (1.47%) CMS
7 4 (1.47%) nginx
7 4 (1.47%) SharePoint
8 3 (1.10%) Apache Airflow
9 2 (0.73%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
10 1 (0.37%) JBoss
10 1 (0.37%) Liferay
10 1 (0.37%) R Markdown
10 1 (0.37%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 8 (2.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (1.47%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (1.47%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 74 (27.11%) AWS
2 44 (16.12%) Azure
3 34 (12.45%) GCP
4 22 (8.06%) Serverless
5 14 (5.13%) AWS Lambda
5 14 (5.13%) GitHub
6 12 (4.40%) Amazon S3
7 10 (3.66%) Power Platform
8 9 (3.30%) AWS CloudFormation
8 9 (3.30%) Cloud Computing
8 9 (3.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 7 (2.56%) Amazon EC2
9 7 (2.56%) Datadog
9 7 (2.56%) OpenShift
10 6 (2.20%) Amazon Cognito
10 6 (2.20%) Amazon ECS
11 5 (1.83%) Apigee
11 5 (1.83%) Azure Data Factory
12 4 (1.47%) IaaS
12 4 (1.47%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 16 (5.86%) Firewall
2 9 (3.30%) TCP/IP
3 8 (2.93%) DNS
4 7 (2.56%) BGP
4 7 (2.56%) MPLS
5 6 (2.20%) SNMP
6 4 (1.47%) DHCP
6 4 (1.47%) Kerberos
6 4 (1.47%) VPN
6 4 (1.47%) Wireless
7 3 (1.10%) Network Security
8 2 (0.73%) BIG-IP
8 2 (0.73%) Cisco ASA
8 2 (0.73%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
8 2 (0.73%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 2 (0.73%) MGCP
8 2 (0.73%) NX-OS
8 2 (0.73%) Sourcefire
8 2 (0.73%) SSL
8 2 (0.73%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (9.89%) Big Data
2 26 (9.52%) PostgreSQL
3 20 (7.33%) Data Warehouse
4 18 (6.59%) MySQL
5 17 (6.23%) SQL Server
6 16 (5.86%) Hadoop
7 13 (4.76%) Apache Hive
7 13 (4.76%) NoSQL
8 10 (3.66%) Power BI
8 10 (3.66%) Relational Database
9 9 (3.30%) Neo4j
9 9 (3.30%) Oracle Database
9 9 (3.30%) Tableau
10 8 (2.93%) Amazon Aurora
10 8 (2.93%) Amazon RDS
11 7 (2.56%) Amazon Redshift
12 5 (1.83%) MongoDB
12 5 (1.83%) Oracle Database 12c
12 5 (1.83%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 4 (1.47%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 57 (20.88%) Jenkins
2 52 (19.05%) Git (software)
3 13 (4.76%) GitLab
4 12 (4.40%) JIRA
4 12 (4.40%) TeamCity
5 10 (3.66%) Maven
6 7 (2.56%) MSBuild
7 6 (2.20%) Bitbucket
8 5 (1.83%) git-flow
8 5 (1.83%) Hudson
8 5 (1.83%) ProC
9 4 (1.47%) GoCD
9 4 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
10 3 (1.10%) Cucumber
10 3 (1.10%) Gerrit
10 3 (1.10%) Gradle
10 3 (1.10%) JUnit
10 3 (1.10%) RStudio
11 2 (0.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 2 (0.73%) Subversion
General
1 87 (31.87%) Finance
2 54 (19.78%) Banking
3 25 (9.16%) Front Office
4 9 (3.30%) Investment Banking
5 8 (2.93%) Back Office
6 5 (1.83%) Financial Institution
6 5 (1.83%) French Language
7 4 (1.47%) Public Sector
7 4 (1.47%) Telecoms
8 3 (1.10%) International Banking
9 2 (0.73%) Advertising
9 2 (0.73%) Electronics
9 2 (0.73%) Law
10 1 (0.37%) Games
10 1 (0.37%) Legal
10 1 (0.37%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.37%) Marketing
10 1 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
10 1 (0.37%) Retail
10 1 (0.37%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 94 (34.43%) Developer
2 45 (16.48%) Data Engineer
3 43 (15.75%) Python Developer
4 34 (12.45%) DevOps Engineer
5 21 (7.69%) Analyst
6 18 (6.59%) AWS Engineer
7 17 (6.23%) Quantitative Developer
8 13 (4.76%) Cloud Engineer
8 13 (4.76%) Qualitative Analyst
8 13 (4.76%) Quantitative Analyst
9 11 (4.03%) AWS DevOps
9 11 (4.03%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 11 (4.03%) Full Stack Developer
10 10 (3.66%) Administrator
11 9 (3.30%) Java Developer
11 9 (3.30%) SQL Developer
12 8 (2.93%) Angular Developer
12 8 (2.93%) C# Developer
12 8 (2.93%) Front Office Developer
12 8 (2.93%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 28 (10.26%) Kafka
2 26 (9.52%) REST
3 21 (7.69%) CSS
3 21 (7.69%) HTML
4 17 (6.23%) Node.js
5 16 (5.86%) .NET
6 15 (5.49%) Django
6 15 (5.49%) Elastic Stack
6 15 (5.49%) Flask
6 15 (5.49%) React
7 12 (4.40%) Web Services
8 11 (4.03%) AngularJS
8 11 (4.03%) PySpark
8 11 (4.03%) Spring Boot
9 10 (3.66%) Spring
10 9 (3.30%) HTML5
10 9 (3.30%) jQuery
11 8 (2.93%) .NET Framework
11 8 (2.93%) Anaconda
11 8 (2.93%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 22 (8.06%) Derivative
2 18 (6.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 16 (5.86%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (5.13%) Fixed Income
5 10 (3.66%) Energy Derivatives
6 9 (3.30%) Algorithms
6 9 (3.30%) Management Information System
7 8 (2.93%) Data Structures
8 6 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
9 5 (1.83%) Cloud Native
9 5 (1.83%) Credit Risk
9 5 (1.83%) Enterprise Software
9 5 (1.83%) Market Risk
9 5 (1.83%) Replication
10 4 (1.47%) Analytical Mindset
10 4 (1.47%) Blog
11 3 (1.10%) Augmented Reality
11 3 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
11 3 (1.10%) Social Media
12 2 (0.73%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 49 (17.95%) Linux
2 19 (6.96%) Unix
3 6 (2.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 5 (1.83%) CentOS
4 5 (1.83%) Windows
5 3 (1.10%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.73%) Android
6 2 (0.73%) Debian
6 2 (0.73%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.37%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.37%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.37%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 61 (22.34%) DevOps
2 59 (21.61%) Agile Software Development
3 43 (15.75%) Analytics
4 35 (12.82%) Continuous Integration
5 34 (12.45%) Microservices
6 29 (10.62%) Data Science
7 22 (8.06%) Machine Learning
8 21 (7.69%) OO
9 20 (7.33%) Risk Management
9 20 (7.33%) Software Engineering
10 18 (6.59%) Data Modelling
10 18 (6.59%) Infrastructure as Code
10 18 (6.59%) Scrum
10 18 (6.59%) TDD
10 18 (6.59%) Test Automation
11 17 (6.23%) Configuration Management
12 16 (5.86%) Data Analysis
13 15 (5.49%) Artificial Intelligence
13 15 (5.49%) Validation
14 14 (5.13%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 86 (31.50%) SQL
2 74 (27.11%) Java
3 46 (16.85%) JavaScript
4 36 (13.19%) C#
5 31 (11.36%) C++
6 26 (9.52%) Bash Shell
7 25 (9.16%) Perl
8 24 (8.79%) Ruby
9 19 (6.96%) Scala
10 18 (6.59%) Go
11 17 (6.23%) R
12 15 (5.49%) PHP
13 13 (4.76%) PL/SQL
14 8 (2.93%) PowerShell
14 8 (2.93%) Shell Script
15 7 (2.56%) C
16 6 (2.20%) Groovy
16 6 (2.20%) Java 8
17 4 (1.47%) VBA
18 3 (1.10%) ES6
Qualifications
1 26 (9.52%) Security Cleared
2 22 (8.06%) SC Cleared
3 15 (5.49%) Degree
4 4 (1.47%) Numerate Degree
5 3 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (1.10%) DBS Check
6 2 (0.73%) AWS Certification
6 2 (0.73%) CCNP
6 2 (0.73%) Cisco Certification
6 2 (0.73%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.73%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.37%) CCIE
7 1 (0.37%) CCNA
7 1 (0.37%) CompTIA Security+
7 1 (0.37%) GCFA
7 1 (0.37%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (2.56%) QA
2 3 (1.10%) GDPR
3 2 (0.73%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.37%) CDISC
4 1 (0.37%) PSD2
4 1 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.37%) SLA
System Software
1 44 (16.12%) Docker
2 6 (2.20%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.47%) Oracle RAC
4 3 (1.10%) Ceph
4 3 (1.10%) HDFS
4 3 (1.10%) NFS
4 3 (1.10%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.73%) etcd
5 2 (0.73%) Varnish
5 2 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.73%) VMware NSX
5 2 (0.73%) zsh
6 1 (0.37%) Gluster
6 1 (0.37%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 1 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.37%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 54 (19.78%) Kubernetes
2 38 (13.92%) Terraform
3 36 (13.19%) Ansible
4 23 (8.42%) Puppet
5 17 (6.23%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (3.66%) Salt
7 9 (3.30%) Netcool
8 5 (1.83%) Consul
8 5 (1.83%) Grafana
9 4 (1.47%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 4 (1.47%) Foglight
9 4 (1.47%) Nagios
9 4 (1.47%) Packer
9 4 (1.47%) Rundeck
10 3 (1.10%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (1.10%) Mesos
11 2 (0.73%) Cisco CUCM
11 2 (0.73%) ITRS Geneos
11 2 (0.73%) Kibana
11 2 (0.73%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 21 (7.69%) Microsoft
2 17 (6.23%) Google
2 17 (6.23%) Oracle
3 13 (4.76%) Cloudera
4 9 (3.30%) SaltStack
5 8 (2.93%) AppDynamics
5 8 (2.93%) Hortonworks
5 8 (2.93%) SevOne
5 8 (2.93%) Splunk
6 7 (2.56%) Alteryx
6 7 (2.56%) Atlassian
6 7 (2.56%) Red Hat
6 7 (2.56%) VMware
7 6 (2.20%) Databricks
8 5 (1.83%) Cisco
8 5 (1.83%) IBM
9 4 (1.47%) SolarWinds
10 3 (1.10%) F5
10 3 (1.10%) Informatica
11 2 (0.73%) Sybase