Period
to 20 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 20 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 11 10 11
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 +13
Contract jobs citing Python 210 742 759
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 12.11% 11.87% 10.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.18% 24.13% 20.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 143 579 603
Median daily rate £525 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.70% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £400 £425 £413
90th Percentile £675 £713 £725
Central London median daily rate £525 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -4.55% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 3
Median hourly rate £38.50 £47.50 £13.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.95% +265.38% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £36.41 £12.50
90th Percentile £49.90 £53.80 £15.30
Central London median hourly rate £38.50 £47.50 £13.00
% change year-on-year -18.95% +265.38% -63.38%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 834 3,075 3,761
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.10% 49.18% 53.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 601 2,508 3,141
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £363 £400 £375
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 17 14
Median hourly rate £35.50 £22.33 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +58.98% +1.50% +2.33%
10th Percentile £23.05 £21.00 £12.50
90th Percentile £44.95 £57.60 £54.88
Median hourly rate £35.50 £22.33 £22.00
% change year-on-year +58.98% +1.50% -4.32%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +8 1 £475 -17.39%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 73 (34.76%) Finance
2 65 (30.95%) SQL
3 56 (26.67%) AWS
4 55 (26.19%) DevOps
5 51 (24.29%) Java
6 41 (19.52%) Linux
7 40 (19.05%) Agile Software Development
7 40 (19.05%) Banking
7 40 (19.05%) Git (software)
7 40 (19.05%) Azure
7 40 (19.05%) Kubernetes
8 38 (18.10%) Jenkins
9 37 (17.62%) Analytics
10 32 (15.24%) Ansible
10 32 (15.24%) Big Data
11 31 (14.76%) Docker
11 31 (14.76%) Terraform
12 30 (14.29%) JavaScript
13 29 (13.81%) GCP
13 29 (13.81%) Continuous Integration
14 28 (13.33%) C#
15 26 (12.38%) Microservices
15 26 (12.38%) Apache Spark
16 24 (11.43%) Bash Shell
16 24 (11.43%) Data Science
17 22 (10.48%) C++
17 22 (10.48%) Unix
17 22 (10.48%) Security Cleared
18 21 (10.00%) Machine Learning
19 19 (9.05%) PostgreSQL

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (12.38%) Apache Spark
2 15 (7.14%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (3.81%) Apache
3 8 (3.81%) Confluence
4 7 (3.33%) CMS
5 5 (2.38%) SAS
5 5 (2.38%) Tornado
6 4 (1.90%) Jupyter
6 4 (1.90%) nginx
7 3 (1.43%) SharePoint
7 3 (1.43%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.48%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.48%) JBoss
8 1 (0.48%) Liferay
8 1 (0.48%) R Markdown
8 1 (0.48%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 6 (2.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.48%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 56 (26.67%) AWS
2 40 (19.05%) Azure
3 29 (13.81%) GCP
4 14 (6.67%) Serverless
5 9 (4.29%) Power Platform
6 8 (3.81%) AWS Lambda
6 8 (3.81%) GitHub
7 7 (3.33%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (2.86%) Amazon EKS
8 6 (2.86%) IaaS
8 6 (2.86%) OpenShift
9 5 (2.38%) Amazon EC2
9 5 (2.38%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (1.90%) Amazon S3
10 4 (1.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 3 (1.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 3 (1.43%) Azure Data Factory
11 3 (1.43%) Datadog
11 3 (1.43%) SaaS
12 2 (0.95%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.81%) DNS
2 5 (2.38%) DHCP
3 4 (1.90%) BGP
3 4 (1.90%) Firewall
3 4 (1.90%) Kerberos
3 4 (1.90%) MPLS
3 4 (1.90%) SNMP
3 4 (1.90%) TCP/IP
4 3 (1.43%) HTTP
4 3 (1.43%) Wireless
5 2 (0.95%) Network Security
5 2 (0.95%) OSPF
5 2 (0.95%) WAN
6 1 (0.48%) 3GPP
6 1 (0.48%) Ethernet
6 1 (0.48%) FTP
6 1 (0.48%) GSM
6 1 (0.48%) LAN
6 1 (0.48%) SMTP
6 1 (0.48%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 32 (15.24%) Big Data
2 19 (9.05%) PostgreSQL
3 17 (8.10%) Hadoop
4 13 (6.19%) MySQL
4 13 (6.19%) SQL Server
5 11 (5.24%) Data Warehouse
6 10 (4.76%) NoSQL
7 9 (4.29%) Apache Hive
7 9 (4.29%) Power BI
8 8 (3.81%) Amazon Redshift
9 6 (2.86%) Relational Database
10 5 (2.38%) MongoDB
10 5 (2.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 4 (1.90%) Apache Cassandra
11 4 (1.90%) Redis
11 4 (1.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 3 (1.43%) Amazon Aurora
12 3 (1.43%) Neo4j
12 3 (1.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 3 (1.43%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 40 (19.05%) Git (software)
2 38 (18.10%) Jenkins
3 15 (7.14%) GitLab
4 13 (6.19%) JIRA
5 7 (3.33%) TeamCity
6 6 (2.86%) Maven
7 5 (2.38%) git-flow
7 5 (2.38%) Hudson
7 5 (2.38%) ProC
8 3 (1.43%) Bitbucket
8 3 (1.43%) MSBuild
8 3 (1.43%) Visual Studio
9 2 (0.95%) Bitbucket Server
9 2 (0.95%) Codeship
9 2 (0.95%) Gradle
9 2 (0.95%) Liquibase
9 2 (0.95%) SonarQube
9 2 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
9 2 (0.95%) Subversion
10 1 (0.48%) Snyk
General
1 73 (34.76%) Finance
2 40 (19.05%) Banking
3 19 (9.05%) Front Office
4 13 (6.19%) Investment Banking
5 6 (2.86%) Public Sector
6 5 (2.38%) Electronics
6 5 (2.38%) Financial Institution
6 5 (2.38%) Telecoms
7 4 (1.90%) French Language
7 4 (1.90%) Marketing
8 3 (1.43%) Back Office
8 3 (1.43%) International Banking
8 3 (1.43%) Law
8 3 (1.43%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.48%) Legal
9 1 (0.48%) Local Government
9 1 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.48%) Retail
9 1 (0.48%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 56 (26.67%) Developer
2 36 (17.14%) DevOps Engineer
3 35 (16.67%) Data Engineer
4 24 (11.43%) Python Developer
5 17 (8.10%) Analyst
6 13 (6.19%) AWS Engineer
7 10 (4.76%) Data Scientist
8 9 (4.29%) AWS DevOps
8 9 (4.29%) Cloud Engineer
9 8 (3.81%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 8 (3.81%) Python Engineer
10 7 (3.33%) Quantitative Developer
11 6 (2.86%) Architect
11 6 (2.86%) Big Data Engineer
11 6 (2.86%) Front Office Developer
11 6 (2.86%) Java Developer
11 6 (2.86%) Qualitative Analyst
11 6 (2.86%) Quantitative Analyst
11 6 (2.86%) Technical Manager
12 5 (2.38%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (7.14%) Kafka
2 14 (6.67%) HTML
3 13 (6.19%) .NET
3 13 (6.19%) CSS
3 13 (6.19%) REST
3 13 (6.19%) Web Services
4 10 (4.76%) Elastic Stack
4 10 (4.76%) PySpark
5 9 (4.29%) Anaconda
5 9 (4.29%) Django
5 9 (4.29%) Flask
5 9 (4.29%) Node.js
6 8 (3.81%) RabbitMQ
6 8 (3.81%) React
7 7 (3.33%) RESTful
8 6 (2.86%) AngularJS
8 6 (2.86%) CSS3
8 6 (2.86%) HTML5
8 6 (2.86%) LDAP
8 6 (2.86%) Twisted
Miscellaneous
1 18 (8.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 14 (6.67%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (4.76%) Fixed Income
4 8 (3.81%) Algorithms
5 7 (3.33%) Derivative
6 5 (2.38%) Credit Risk
6 5 (2.38%) Energy Derivatives
6 5 (2.38%) Social Media
7 4 (1.90%) Blog
7 4 (1.90%) Cloud Native
7 4 (1.90%) Data Structures
7 4 (1.90%) Linux Command Line
7 4 (1.90%) Market Risk
7 4 (1.90%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (1.43%) Augmented Reality
8 3 (1.43%) Clustering
8 3 (1.43%) Enterprise Software
8 3 (1.43%) Management Information System
9 2 (0.95%) Equities
9 2 (0.95%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 41 (19.52%) Linux
2 22 (10.48%) Unix
3 6 (2.86%) Windows
4 5 (2.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.90%) CentOS
5 4 (1.90%) Debian
6 3 (1.43%) Android
6 3 (1.43%) Apple iOS
6 3 (1.43%) Mac OS X
7 2 (0.95%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.48%) Check Point GAiA
8 1 (0.48%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 55 (26.19%) DevOps
2 40 (19.05%) Agile Software Development
3 37 (17.62%) Analytics
4 29 (13.81%) Continuous Integration
5 26 (12.38%) Microservices
6 24 (11.43%) Data Science
7 21 (10.00%) Machine Learning
8 17 (8.10%) Infrastructure as Code
8 17 (8.10%) Open Source
9 16 (7.62%) Configuration Management
9 16 (7.62%) Software Engineering
10 15 (7.14%) Business Intelligence
10 15 (7.14%) ETL
10 15 (7.14%) Risk Management
11 14 (6.67%) Data Analysis
11 14 (6.67%) Data Modelling
12 13 (6.19%) Artificial Intelligence
12 13 (6.19%) Computer Science
12 13 (6.19%) Scrum
13 12 (5.71%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 65 (30.95%) SQL
2 51 (24.29%) Java
3 30 (14.29%) JavaScript
4 28 (13.33%) C#
5 24 (11.43%) Bash Shell
6 22 (10.48%) C++
7 17 (8.10%) Perl
7 17 (8.10%) Scala
8 13 (6.19%) R
8 13 (6.19%) Ruby
9 11 (5.24%) PowerShell
10 9 (4.29%) PHP
11 8 (3.81%) Go
12 7 (3.33%) C
12 7 (3.33%) Groovy
13 5 (2.38%) Shell Script
13 5 (2.38%) VBA
14 4 (1.90%) PL/SQL
15 2 (0.95%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.95%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 22 (10.48%) Security Cleared
2 18 (8.57%) SC Cleared
3 17 (8.10%) Degree
4 5 (2.38%) AWS Certification
5 4 (1.90%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (1.90%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.95%) CCNP
6 2 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
6 2 (0.95%) DV Cleared
6 2 (0.95%) PhD
7 1 (0.48%) CCIE
7 1 (0.48%) CCNA
7 1 (0.48%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (3.33%) QA
2 1 (0.48%) CDISC
2 1 (0.48%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.48%) GDPR
2 1 (0.48%) MiFID
2 1 (0.48%) PSD2
2 1 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 1 (0.48%) SLA
System Software
1 31 (14.76%) Docker
2 4 (1.90%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.95%) HDFS
3 2 (0.95%) Veritas Cluster Server
3 2 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (0.95%) zsh
4 1 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 40 (19.05%) Kubernetes
2 32 (15.24%) Ansible
3 31 (14.76%) Terraform
4 14 (6.67%) Puppet
5 10 (4.76%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (2.86%) Grafana
6 6 (2.86%) Salt
7 4 (1.90%) Kibana
7 4 (1.90%) Prometheus
8 3 (1.43%) Netcool
8 3 (1.43%) Rancher
9 2 (0.95%) Kubeflow
9 2 (0.95%) logstash
9 2 (0.95%) Nagios
9 2 (0.95%) Pacemaker
9 2 (0.95%) Packer
10 1 (0.48%) Control-M
10 1 (0.48%) Demisto
10 1 (0.48%) Icinga
10 1 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 16 (7.62%) Cloudera
2 14 (6.67%) Google
3 13 (6.19%) Microsoft
4 12 (5.71%) Oracle
5 10 (4.76%) Tableau
6 7 (3.33%) Hortonworks
6 7 (3.33%) SaltStack
7 6 (2.86%) Databricks
7 6 (2.86%) Splunk
8 5 (2.38%) Alteryx
8 5 (2.38%) Sybase
9 4 (1.90%) Red Hat
9 4 (1.90%) SAP
10 3 (1.43%) Atlassian
10 3 (1.43%) IBM
11 2 (0.95%) New Relic
11 2 (0.95%) ServiceNow
11 2 (0.95%) Veritas
11 2 (0.95%) VMware
11 2 (0.95%) WSO2