Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 20 16
Rank change year-on-year +6 -4 +25
Contract jobs citing Python 743 563 587
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.41% 7.83% 9.01%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.18% 14.89% 17.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 588 472 474
City of London median daily rate £550 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £413 £425 £389
90th Percentile £716 £725 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
City of London median hourly rate - £27.55 -
Central London median hourly rate - £28.00 -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,873 3,781 3,277
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 54.26% 52.61% 50.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,217 3,162 2,754
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% -
10th Percentile £381 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £688 £660
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 11 10
City of London median hourly rate £37.09 £24.49 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +51.48% -10.96% +8.16%
10th Percentile £16.10 £13.35 £16.06
90th Percentile £74.46 £30.00 £55.19
Central London median hourly rate £37.09 £25.79 £27.50
% change year-on-year +43.83% -6.23% +8.16%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 73 £525 -
Moorgate -16 2 £475 -17.39% 1
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 269 (36.20%) Agile Software Development
2 267 (35.94%) Finance
3 239 (32.17%) Amazon AWS
4 221 (29.74%) DevOps
5 189 (25.44%) Java
6 173 (23.28%) SQL
7 154 (20.73%) Docker
8 144 (19.38%) Jenkins
9 140 (18.84%) Linux
10 132 (17.77%) Apache Spark
11 130 (17.50%) Ansible
12 124 (16.69%) Data Science
13 112 (15.07%) Bash Shell
13 112 (15.07%) Terraform
13 112 (15.07%) Banking
14 105 (14.13%) Kubernetes
15 101 (13.59%) Pandas
16 99 (13.32%) NumPy
16 99 (13.32%) Ruby
17 95 (12.79%) Hadoop
18 94 (12.65%) Test Automation
19 92 (12.38%) Git (software)
19 92 (12.38%) Continuous Integration
20 88 (11.84%) Big Data
21 87 (11.71%) Machine Learning
22 79 (10.63%) Elasticsearch
22 79 (10.63%) JavaScript
23 77 (10.36%) Splunk
24 76 (10.23%) Scala
24 76 (10.23%) TDD

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (17.77%) Apache Spark
2 79 (10.63%) Elasticsearch
3 21 (2.83%) Apache
4 18 (2.42%) Confluence
5 17 (2.29%) Cloud Foundry
6 15 (2.02%) IPython
7 14 (1.88%) Apache Airflow
8 12 (1.62%) SAS
9 8 (1.08%) Jupyter
10 7 (0.94%) Tomcat
11 6 (0.81%) Gunicorn
12 5 (0.67%) Apache Pig
12 5 (0.67%) Apache Solr
13 4 (0.54%) CMS
13 4 (0.54%) IIS
14 3 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 3 (0.40%) Luigi
14 3 (0.40%) SharePoint
15 2 (0.27%) OpenStack
15 2 (0.27%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 41 (5.52%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.88%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.67%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 2 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.27%) ReMetrica
1 2 (0.27%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.13%) FastStats
2 1 (0.13%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 239 (32.17%) Amazon AWS
2 74 (9.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 60 (8.08%) Google Cloud Platform
4 36 (4.85%) Amazon S3
5 35 (4.71%) GitHub
6 33 (4.44%) Serverless
7 32 (4.31%) AWS Lambda
8 23 (3.10%) Amazon EC2
9 20 (2.69%) SaaS
10 18 (2.42%) Amazon EMR
10 18 (2.42%) AWS CloudFormation
11 15 (2.02%) IaaS
11 15 (2.02%) IBM Cloud
11 15 (2.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 12 (1.62%) Datadog
13 11 (1.48%) npm
14 10 (1.35%) PaaS
15 8 (1.08%) Heroku
16 7 (0.94%) Amazon Kinesis
16 7 (0.94%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 13 (1.75%) Firewall
1 13 (1.75%) HTTP
2 11 (1.48%) DNS
3 10 (1.35%) VPN
4 9 (1.21%) Internet
4 9 (1.21%) LAN
4 9 (1.21%) WAN
5 8 (1.08%) DHCP
6 7 (0.94%) AMQP
6 7 (0.94%) BGP
6 7 (0.94%) OSPF
6 7 (0.94%) TCP/IP
6 7 (0.94%) Wireless
7 5 (0.67%) Junos
7 5 (0.67%) MPLS
7 5 (0.67%) SSL
8 4 (0.54%) Cisco ASA
8 4 (0.54%) MQTT
8 4 (0.54%) Multicast
8 4 (0.54%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 95 (12.79%) Hadoop
2 88 (11.84%) Big Data
3 51 (6.86%) Apache Hive
4 48 (6.46%) NoSQL
4 48 (6.46%) SQL Server
5 44 (5.92%) PostgreSQL
6 39 (5.25%) MongoDB
7 32 (4.31%) Relational Database
8 26 (3.50%) Data Mining
8 26 (3.50%) MySQL
9 24 (3.23%) Data Warehouse
9 24 (3.23%) Impala
10 22 (2.96%) Power BI
11 20 (2.69%) Amazon Redshift
11 20 (2.69%) HBase
12 19 (2.56%) Sqoop
13 18 (2.42%) Blockchain
14 17 (2.29%) Data Lake
15 16 (2.15%) Apache Cassandra
15 16 (2.15%) Redis
Development Applications
1 144 (19.38%) Jenkins
2 92 (12.38%) Git (software)
3 51 (6.86%) Selenium
4 46 (6.19%) JIRA
5 34 (4.58%) Maven
6 24 (3.23%) Cucumber
7 20 (2.69%) GitLab
7 20 (2.69%) Gradle
8 15 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
9 13 (1.75%) Bitbucket
9 13 (1.75%) Robot Framework
10 10 (1.35%) Gatling
11 9 (1.21%) TeamCity
12 8 (1.08%) Subversion
12 8 (1.08%) Visual Studio Team System
13 7 (0.94%) Gerrit
13 7 (0.94%) GoCD
13 7 (0.94%) SonarQube
14 6 (0.81%) CircleCI
14 6 (0.81%) JMeter
General
1 267 (35.94%) Finance
2 112 (15.07%) Banking
3 40 (5.38%) Front Office
4 29 (3.90%) Retail
5 23 (3.10%) Investment Banking
6 15 (2.02%) Marketing
7 14 (1.88%) Publishing
8 11 (1.48%) Financial Institution
9 7 (0.94%) Advertising
9 7 (0.94%) Back Office
9 7 (0.94%) Telecoms
10 4 (0.54%) Games
10 4 (0.54%) Retail Banking
11 3 (0.40%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.27%) Prime Brokerage
13 1 (0.13%) Automotive
13 1 (0.13%) Digital Economy
13 1 (0.13%) Electronics
13 1 (0.13%) Law
13 1 (0.13%) Legal
Job Titles
1 259 (34.86%) Developer
2 179 (24.09%) Python Developer
3 157 (21.13%) DevOps Engineer
4 82 (11.04%) Data Engineer
5 55 (7.40%) Data Scientist
6 53 (7.13%) Python Engineer
7 50 (6.73%) Senior DevOps
8 48 (6.46%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 36 (4.85%) AWS DevOps
9 36 (4.85%) AWS Engineer
10 35 (4.71%) Analyst
11 31 (4.17%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 29 (3.90%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 29 (3.90%) Senior Developer
13 25 (3.36%) Architect
13 25 (3.36%) Quantitative Developer
14 23 (3.10%) Apache Spark Developer
15 22 (2.96%) Elasticsearch Developer
16 20 (2.69%) Senior Python Developer
17 19 (2.56%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 101 (13.59%) Pandas
2 99 (13.32%) NumPy
3 74 (9.96%) Kafka
4 69 (9.29%) PySpark
5 54 (7.27%) Node.js
6 42 (5.65%) Flask
7 38 (5.11%) Django
8 33 (4.44%) React
9 31 (4.17%) REST
10 28 (3.77%) JSON
11 25 (3.36%) HTML
11 25 (3.36%) TensorFlow
12 21 (2.83%) CSS
12 21 (2.83%) scikit-learn
13 20 (2.69%) .NET
13 20 (2.69%) Web Services
14 18 (2.42%) Elastic Stack
15 17 (2.29%) RESTful
16 16 (2.15%) Gherkin
16 16 (2.15%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 71 (9.56%) Algorithms
2 61 (8.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 48 (6.46%) Analytical Skills
4 34 (4.58%) Greenfield Project
5 29 (3.90%) Data Structures
5 29 (3.90%) Fintech
6 27 (3.63%) iPad
7 24 (3.23%) Derivative
8 22 (2.96%) Hedge funds
8 22 (2.96%) Linux Command Line
9 21 (2.83%) Fixed Income
10 20 (2.69%) Client/Server
11 19 (2.56%) Equities
12 17 (2.29%) Mobile App
12 17 (2.29%) User Experience
13 13 (1.75%) Data Centre
14 12 (1.62%) Public Cloud
15 11 (1.48%) Self-Motivation
16 10 (1.35%) Robotics
16 10 (1.35%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 140 (18.84%) Linux
2 63 (8.48%) Unix
3 31 (4.17%) Windows
4 12 (1.62%) Windows Server
5 11 (1.48%) CentOS
5 11 (1.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 11 (1.48%) Ubuntu
6 10 (1.35%) Apple iOS
7 9 (1.21%) Android
8 2 (0.27%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.27%) Solaris
8 2 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
8 2 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.13%) Debian
9 1 (0.13%) Kali Linux
9 1 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 269 (36.20%) Agile Software Development
2 221 (29.74%) DevOps
3 124 (16.69%) Data Science
4 94 (12.65%) Test Automation
5 92 (12.38%) Continuous Integration
6 87 (11.71%) Machine Learning
7 76 (10.23%) TDD
8 75 (10.09%) Analytics
9 69 (9.29%) Open Source
10 64 (8.61%) Artificial Intelligence
11 63 (8.48%) Problem-Solving
12 62 (8.34%) Configuration Management
12 62 (8.34%) ETL
13 60 (8.08%) Scrum
14 54 (7.27%) Software Engineering
15 51 (6.86%) Continuous Delivery
16 50 (6.73%) Migration
17 44 (5.92%) BDD
18 43 (5.79%) E-Commerce
18 43 (5.79%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 189 (25.44%) Java
2 173 (23.28%) SQL
3 112 (15.07%) Bash Shell
4 99 (13.32%) Ruby
5 79 (10.63%) JavaScript
6 76 (10.23%) Scala
7 68 (9.15%) C++
8 67 (9.02%) R
9 54 (7.27%) Go
10 51 (6.86%) C#
11 46 (6.19%) Perl
12 31 (4.17%) PowerShell
13 28 (3.77%) VBA
14 25 (3.36%) Groovy
15 24 (3.23%) C
15 24 (3.23%) Shell Script
16 22 (2.96%) MATLAB
17 15 (2.02%) Cython
18 14 (1.88%) ES6
18 14 (1.88%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 47 (6.33%) Degree
2 19 (2.56%) PhD
3 9 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
3 9 (1.21%) Master's Degree
4 8 (1.08%) Cisco Certification
4 8 (1.08%) Security Cleared
5 7 (0.94%) AWS Certification
6 6 (0.81%) CCNP
6 6 (0.81%) SC Cleared
7 5 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.40%) MCSA
8 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.27%) Avaya Certification
9 2 (0.27%) CCIE
9 2 (0.27%) CCNA
9 2 (0.27%) CISA
9 2 (0.27%) CISM
9 2 (0.27%) CISSP
9 2 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.27%) JNCIP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (3.63%) QA
2 8 (1.08%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.54%) SLA
4 2 (0.27%) GDPR
4 2 (0.27%) HIPAA
4 2 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.13%) FedRAMP
5 1 (0.13%) FISMA
5 1 (0.13%) IFRS
5 1 (0.13%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.13%) ISAE 3402
5 1 (0.13%) MiFID
5 1 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 154 (20.73%) Docker
2 19 (2.56%) Apache Flume
3 15 (2.02%) HDFS
4 5 (0.67%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.54%) VirtualBox
6 3 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.27%) Firmware
7 2 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.27%) Varnish
8 1 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.13%) etcd
8 1 (0.13%) KVM
8 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 130 (17.50%) Ansible
2 112 (15.07%) Terraform
3 105 (14.13%) Kubernetes
4 62 (8.34%) Puppet
5 51 (6.86%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (4.04%) Packer
7 24 (3.23%) Hadoop YARN
7 24 (3.23%) Prometheus
8 17 (2.29%) Nagios
9 16 (2.15%) Consul
10 13 (1.75%) Grafana
11 12 (1.62%) Kibana
12 10 (1.35%) Mesos
13 8 (1.08%) logstash
14 7 (0.94%) Icinga
14 7 (0.94%) ZABBIX
15 6 (0.81%) systemd
16 5 (0.67%) Oozie
16 5 (0.67%) Salt
16 5 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 77 (10.36%) Splunk
2 63 (8.48%) Google
3 42 (5.65%) Tableau
4 39 (5.25%) Oracle
5 30 (4.04%) Cloudera
6 27 (3.63%) Microsoft
7 19 (2.56%) Red Hat
8 18 (2.42%) IBM
8 18 (2.42%) New Relic
9 13 (1.75%) Talend
10 12 (1.62%) Hortonworks
11 11 (1.48%) Alteryx
12 10 (1.35%) Cisco
13 9 (1.21%) Informatica
14 8 (1.08%) Sybase
15 7 (0.94%) Juniper
16 6 (0.81%) Citrix
17 5 (0.67%) Bloomberg
17 5 (0.67%) FactSet
17 5 (0.67%) Meraki