Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 22 36
Rank change year-on-year +8 +14 +22
Contract jobs citing Python 686 491 349
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 9.94% 7.92% 5.32%
As % of the Programming Languages category 18.92% 15.82% 11.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 543 382 285
City of London median daily rate £550 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +10.53% -5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £363 £325
90th Percentile £725 £688 £650
Central London median daily rate £550 £513 £475
% change year-on-year +7.32% +7.89% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 3
City of London median hourly rate £13.75 - £29.64
10th Percentile £12.50 - £18.05
90th Percentile £38.50 - £73.93
Central London median hourly rate £13.75 - £29.64

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,626 3,103 3,117
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 52.57% 50.04% 47.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,052 2,517 2,621
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £328 £313
90th Percentile £700 £659 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £463
% change year-on-year +5.00% +8.11% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 7 12
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £28.35 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.15% +9.02% +0.78%
10th Percentile £12.75 £16.65 £18.50
90th Percentile £48.25 £39.70 £60.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £28.35 £26.00
% change year-on-year -24.15% +9.02% +7.30%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -4 8 £525 -
Moorgate - 2 £450 -
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 258 (37.61%) Agile Software Development
2 249 (36.30%) Java
3 226 (32.94%) DevOps
4 213 (31.05%) Amazon AWS
5 200 (29.15%) Finance
6 176 (25.66%) Docker
7 164 (23.91%) Linux
8 162 (23.62%) Jenkins
9 152 (22.16%) Banking
10 148 (21.57%) Ruby
11 144 (20.99%) Bash Shell
12 141 (20.55%) SQL
13 120 (17.49%) Git (software)
14 110 (16.03%) Ansible
15 106 (15.45%) JavaScript
16 104 (15.16%) Big Data
16 104 (15.16%) Node.js
17 103 (15.01%) TDD
18 96 (13.99%) Continuous Integration
19 93 (13.56%) Analytics
20 90 (13.12%) Hadoop
21 88 (12.83%) Apache Spark
22 86 (12.54%) Machine Learning
23 85 (12.39%) Kubernetes
24 82 (11.95%) C#
25 80 (11.66%) Configuration Management
26 78 (11.37%) Microsoft Azure
26 78 (11.37%) R
27 75 (10.93%) Data Science
28 74 (10.79%) Scrum

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 88 (12.83%) Apache Spark
2 34 (4.96%) Apache
3 31 (4.52%) Cloud Foundry
4 27 (3.94%) Elasticsearch
5 21 (3.06%) Confluence
6 16 (2.33%) Apache Pig
6 16 (2.33%) nginx
7 9 (1.31%) SAS
8 8 (1.17%) Apache Solr
9 7 (1.02%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (1.02%) JBoss
9 7 (1.02%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.87%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 6 (0.87%) Ethereum
10 6 (0.87%) Jupyter
11 5 (0.73%) Hyperledger
11 5 (0.73%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.73%) SharePoint
12 4 (0.58%) WebSphere
13 2 (0.29%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 34 (4.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.31%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.58%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.29%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.15%) Stata
Business Applications
1 10 (1.46%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.58%) R3 Corda
3 3 (0.44%) Distributed Ledger
4 2 (0.29%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
5 1 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.15%) ReMetrica
5 1 (0.15%) Sprinklr
Cloud Services
1 213 (31.05%) Amazon AWS
2 78 (11.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 64 (9.33%) GitHub
4 38 (5.54%) Google Cloud Platform
5 29 (4.23%) Amazon S3
6 27 (3.94%) AWS CloudFormation
7 25 (3.64%) Amazon EC2
8 24 (3.50%) npm
8 24 (3.50%) PaaS
9 18 (2.62%) AWS Lambda
9 18 (2.62%) Serverless
9 18 (2.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 16 (2.33%) Bluemix
10 16 (2.33%) IBM Cloud
11 15 (2.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 15 (2.19%) Heroku
11 15 (2.19%) Route 53
12 12 (1.75%) SaaS
13 11 (1.60%) CloudFront
14 10 (1.46%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.77%) SSL
2 14 (2.04%) DNS
3 11 (1.60%) Firewall
4 8 (1.17%) HTTP
4 8 (1.17%) TCP/IP
5 7 (1.02%) Network Security
6 6 (0.87%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.73%) BGP
7 5 (0.73%) Cisco Nexus
7 5 (0.73%) Internet
7 5 (0.73%) MPLS
7 5 (0.73%) SAN
7 5 (0.73%) Software-Defined Networking
7 5 (0.73%) WAN
7 5 (0.73%) Wireless
8 4 (0.58%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 4 (0.58%) LAN
8 4 (0.58%) OSPF
8 4 (0.58%) SMS
9 3 (0.44%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 104 (15.16%) Big Data
2 90 (13.12%) Hadoop
3 64 (9.33%) NoSQL
4 63 (9.18%) MongoDB
5 48 (7.00%) Apache Hive
6 46 (6.71%) PostgreSQL
7 41 (5.98%) Relational Database
8 40 (5.83%) SQL Server
9 35 (5.10%) Apache Cassandra
9 35 (5.10%) MySQL
10 27 (3.94%) Amazon Redshift
11 23 (3.35%) Data Warehouse
12 20 (2.92%) Data Mining
13 16 (2.33%) Amazon RDS
13 16 (2.33%) RDBMS
14 14 (2.04%) Blockchain
14 14 (2.04%) Sqoop
15 13 (1.90%) HBase
16 11 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 10 (1.46%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 162 (23.62%) Jenkins
2 120 (17.49%) Git (software)
3 51 (7.43%) Maven
4 47 (6.85%) JIRA
4 47 (6.85%) Sonatype Nexus
5 32 (4.66%) SonarQube
6 31 (4.52%) Selenium
7 28 (4.08%) Gerrit
8 27 (3.94%) TeamCity
9 25 (3.64%) GitLab
10 21 (3.06%) Ant
11 16 (2.33%) IBM UrbanCode
12 13 (1.90%) Octopus Deploy
13 12 (1.75%) Subversion
14 9 (1.31%) JUnit
15 8 (1.17%) Gradle
15 8 (1.17%) Team Foundation Server
16 7 (1.02%) Artifactory
16 7 (1.02%) RStudio
16 7 (1.02%) Visual Studio
General
1 200 (29.15%) Finance
2 152 (22.16%) Banking
3 60 (8.75%) Front Office
4 37 (5.39%) Investment Banking
5 19 (2.77%) Marketing
6 15 (2.19%) Retail
7 9 (1.31%) Telecoms
8 7 (1.02%) Advertising
8 7 (1.02%) Financial Institution
8 7 (1.02%) Games
9 6 (0.87%) Publishing
10 5 (0.73%) Retail Banking
11 3 (0.44%) Billing
11 3 (0.44%) Corporate Banking
11 3 (0.44%) German Language
12 2 (0.29%) Back Office
12 2 (0.29%) Digital Economy
13 1 (0.15%) Automotive
13 1 (0.15%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 238 (34.69%) Developer
2 140 (20.41%) DevOps Engineer
3 111 (16.18%) Python Developer
4 66 (9.62%) Data Engineer
5 58 (8.45%) Senior Developer
6 55 (8.02%) Senior DevOps
7 52 (7.58%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 51 (7.43%) Analyst
9 48 (7.00%) AWS Engineer
9 48 (7.00%) Java Developer
10 42 (6.12%) AWS DevOps
11 38 (5.54%) Data Scientist
11 38 (5.54%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 35 (5.10%) Python Engineer
13 32 (4.66%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 24 (3.50%) Senior Python Developer
15 23 (3.35%) Big Data Engineer
16 21 (3.06%) Senior Java Developer
17 18 (2.62%) Software Engineer
18 16 (2.33%) Linux Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 104 (15.16%) Node.js
2 56 (8.16%) Kafka
3 50 (7.29%) React
4 48 (7.00%) HTML
5 45 (6.56%) RESTful
6 39 (5.69%) REST
7 29 (4.23%) .NET
8 28 (4.08%) Django
9 26 (3.79%) CSS
10 25 (3.64%) AngularJS
11 23 (3.35%) JSON
11 23 (3.35%) Web Services
12 20 (2.92%) Elastic Stack
12 20 (2.92%) Spring
13 19 (2.77%) RabbitMQ
14 18 (2.62%) OAuth
15 16 (2.33%) Middleware
15 16 (2.33%) SAML
16 15 (2.19%) scikit-learn
16 15 (2.19%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 43 (6.27%) Computer Science
2 42 (6.12%) Analytical Skills
3 38 (5.54%) Fintech
4 37 (5.39%) Greenfield Project
5 36 (5.25%) Algorithms
6 33 (4.81%) iPad
7 19 (2.77%) Derivative
8 18 (2.62%) Device Driver
8 18 (2.62%) Fixed Income
9 17 (2.48%) Equities
10 16 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 16 (2.33%) Mobile App
11 14 (2.04%) User Experience
12 13 (1.90%) Robotics
13 12 (1.75%) Credit Risk
14 11 (1.60%) Data Centre
14 11 (1.60%) Data Structures
15 9 (1.31%) Linux Command Line
16 8 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
16 8 (1.17%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 164 (23.91%) Linux
2 74 (10.79%) Unix
3 50 (7.29%) Windows
4 27 (3.94%) CentOS
5 26 (3.79%) Ubuntu
6 20 (2.92%) Android
7 17 (2.48%) Apple iOS
7 17 (2.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 12 (1.75%) Mac OS X
9 10 (1.46%) Windows Server
10 6 (0.87%) DC/OS
10 6 (0.87%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.58%) VMS
11 4 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (0.29%) Debian
12 2 (0.29%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.29%) Solaris
13 1 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.15%) SUSE
13 1 (0.15%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 258 (37.61%) Agile Software Development
2 226 (32.94%) DevOps
3 103 (15.01%) TDD
4 96 (13.99%) Continuous Integration
5 93 (13.56%) Analytics
6 86 (12.54%) Machine Learning
7 80 (11.66%) Configuration Management
8 75 (10.93%) Data Science
9 74 (10.79%) Scrum
10 66 (9.62%) E-Commerce
11 64 (9.33%) Microservices
11 64 (9.33%) Test Automation
12 55 (8.02%) ETL
13 49 (7.14%) Problem-Solving
14 45 (6.56%) Software Engineering
15 43 (6.27%) BDD
16 40 (5.83%) Open Source
17 36 (5.25%) Mathematics
18 35 (5.10%) Web Development
19 30 (4.37%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 249 (36.30%) Java
2 148 (21.57%) Ruby
3 144 (20.99%) Bash Shell
4 141 (20.55%) SQL
5 106 (15.45%) JavaScript
6 82 (11.95%) C#
7 78 (11.37%) R
8 67 (9.77%) Scala
9 58 (8.45%) Go
10 54 (7.87%) Perl
11 46 (6.71%) C++
12 42 (6.12%) Groovy
13 32 (4.66%) Java 8
14 28 (4.08%) PowerShell
15 27 (3.94%) Shell Script
16 18 (2.62%) VBA
17 15 (2.19%) C
18 14 (2.04%) MATLAB
19 13 (1.90%) PHP
20 11 (1.60%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 48 (7.00%) Degree
2 31 (4.52%) Security Cleared
3 25 (3.64%) PhD
4 22 (3.21%) SC Cleared
5 13 (1.90%) AWS Certification
6 10 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
7 8 (1.17%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (1.02%) Numerate Degree
9 6 (0.87%) DV Cleared
9 6 (0.87%) RHCE
10 5 (0.73%) CCNP
10 5 (0.73%) CFA
10 5 (0.73%) MBA
10 5 (0.73%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.44%) CEH
11 3 (0.44%) CISM
11 3 (0.44%) CISSP
11 3 (0.44%) SANS
12 2 (0.29%) VCP6
12 2 (0.29%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (4.08%) GCP
2 18 (2.62%) QA
3 10 (1.46%) Data Quality
4 7 (1.02%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.44%) SLA
6 2 (0.29%) GDPR
6 2 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27005
6 2 (0.29%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.15%) EMIR
System Software
1 176 (25.66%) Docker
2 32 (4.66%) HDFS
3 9 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (1.02%) Apache Flume
5 5 (0.73%) ProxySG
6 4 (0.58%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.58%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.44%) VirtualBox
7 3 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.29%) EMC RecoverPoint
8 2 (0.29%) KVM
8 2 (0.29%) OpenAM
8 2 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.29%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.15%) Varnish
9 1 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.15%) vSphere
9 1 (0.15%) Xen
9 1 (0.15%) XenApp
9 1 (0.15%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 110 (16.03%) Ansible
2 85 (12.39%) Kubernetes
3 60 (8.75%) Puppet
4 56 (8.16%) Terraform
5 45 (6.56%) Opscode Chef
6 36 (5.25%) Mesos
7 29 (4.23%) Grafana
8 25 (3.64%) Consul
9 23 (3.35%) Nagios
10 22 (3.21%) Prometheus
11 18 (2.62%) Icinga
12 16 (2.33%) Hadoop YARN
13 15 (2.19%) Kibana
14 11 (1.60%) logstash
15 10 (1.46%) Docker Swarm
16 9 (1.31%) Salt
17 6 (0.87%) PingFederate
18 5 (0.73%) Packer
19 4 (0.58%) Oozie
19 4 (0.58%) Rancher
Vendors
1 56 (8.16%) Google
2 40 (5.83%) Red Hat
3 32 (4.66%) Oracle
4 26 (3.79%) IBM
5 22 (3.21%) Cloudera
5 22 (3.21%) Microsoft
6 20 (2.92%) Splunk
7 17 (2.48%) Tableau
8 16 (2.33%) Bloomberg
9 15 (2.19%) Cisco
9 15 (2.19%) Hortonworks
10 14 (2.04%) Atlassian
11 12 (1.75%) Reuters
11 12 (1.75%) VMware
12 11 (1.60%) Apigee
13 8 (1.17%) Adobe
13 8 (1.17%) F5
13 8 (1.17%) New Relic
14 6 (0.87%) Blue Coat
14 6 (0.87%) Calypso