Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 15 18
Rank change year-on-year +6 +3 -2
Contract jobs citing Python 616 718 592
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 12.45% 10.51% 8.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.84% 19.58% 15.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 476 557 489
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £425 £413 £425
90th Percentile £725 £713 £725
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 0 3
City of London median hourly rate £48.00 - £28.00
10th Percentile £24.50 - £25.73
90th Percentile £54.25 - £44.60
Central London median hourly rate £48.00 - £28.00

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,384 3,667 3,794
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 48.19% 53.69% 53.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,901 3,031 3,210
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £388 £389 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 7 9
City of London median hourly rate £41.25 £37.09 £27.09
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.22% +36.91% -1.49%
10th Percentile £22.17 £18.35 £20.45
90th Percentile £54.75 £85.21 £52.10
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £37.09 £28.00
% change year-on-year -5.63% +32.46% +1.82%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 23 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +8 15 £550 +15.79% 1
London Bridge +2 13 £525 -
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 186 (30.19%) Java
2 169 (27.44%) AWS
3 161 (26.14%) Agile Software Development
4 145 (23.54%) SQL
5 143 (23.21%) DevOps
6 119 (19.32%) Finance
7 106 (17.21%) Docker
8 102 (16.56%) Linux
9 97 (15.75%) GCP
9 97 (15.75%) Kubernetes
10 96 (15.58%) Data Science
11 88 (14.29%) Azure
12 85 (13.80%) JavaScript
13 83 (13.47%) Machine Learning
14 79 (12.82%) Microservices
15 74 (12.01%) Jenkins
16 72 (11.69%) Google
17 71 (11.53%) Ruby
18 70 (11.36%) C++
19 69 (11.20%) Greenfield Project
19 69 (11.20%) Terraform
20 68 (11.04%) Analytics
21 65 (10.55%) Continuous Integration
22 64 (10.39%) Go
23 62 (10.06%) Banking
23 62 (10.06%) C#
24 61 (9.90%) Git (software)
25 58 (9.42%) Ansible
26 57 (9.25%) Scala
26 57 (9.25%) Bash Shell

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (9.09%) Apache Spark
2 33 (5.36%) Elasticsearch
3 11 (1.79%) Apache Airflow
3 11 (1.79%) Cloud Foundry
4 9 (1.46%) nginx
5 8 (1.30%) Apache
5 8 (1.30%) Confluence
6 7 (1.14%) Jupyter
7 6 (0.97%) SharePoint
8 5 (0.81%) Luigi
9 4 (0.65%) Tomcat
10 3 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.49%) SAS
11 2 (0.32%) Anypoint
11 2 (0.32%) ArcGIS
11 2 (0.32%) DataSynapse
11 2 (0.32%) DNN
11 2 (0.32%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.32%) WebLogic Integration
12 1 (0.16%) SugarCRM
Applications
1 11 (1.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.49%) InDesign
2 3 (0.49%) Photoshop
3 1 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.16%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 6 (0.97%) Sophis RISQUE
2 4 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.32%) Oracle Financials
3 2 (0.32%) Unit4 Business World
4 1 (0.16%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 169 (27.44%) AWS
2 97 (15.75%) GCP
3 88 (14.29%) Azure
4 42 (6.82%) Serverless
5 30 (4.87%) AWS Lambda
6 26 (4.22%) Amazon S3
7 21 (3.41%) GitHub
8 17 (2.76%) AWS CloudFormation
9 16 (2.60%) Azure Machine Learning
9 16 (2.60%) Power Platform
10 14 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
11 13 (2.11%) Azure Data Factory
12 12 (1.95%) Amazon SQS
12 12 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
13 11 (1.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 9 (1.46%) Amazon Kinesis
15 8 (1.30%) Amazon Cognito
15 8 (1.30%) PaaS
16 7 (1.14%) SaaS
17 6 (0.97%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 13 (2.11%) Firewall
2 10 (1.62%) Internet
2 10 (1.62%) VPN
3 7 (1.14%) Network Security
4 6 (0.97%) HTTP
5 5 (0.81%) Remote Desktop
5 5 (0.81%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.65%) DHCP
7 3 (0.49%) DNS
7 3 (0.49%) MPLS
7 3 (0.49%) Wi-Fi
8 2 (0.32%) 2G
8 2 (0.32%) 3G
8 2 (0.32%) AMQP
8 2 (0.32%) FTP
8 2 (0.32%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.32%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.32%) WAN
8 2 (0.32%) Wireless
8 2 (0.32%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (8.60%) Big Data
2 47 (7.63%) Hadoop
3 42 (6.82%) PostgreSQL
4 35 (5.68%) NoSQL
5 31 (5.03%) Data Warehouse
6 30 (4.87%) MySQL
6 30 (4.87%) SQL Server
7 24 (3.90%) MongoDB
8 20 (3.25%) Apache Hive
9 18 (2.92%) Data Lake
10 16 (2.60%) Relational Database
11 15 (2.44%) BigQuery
11 15 (2.44%) Power BI
12 14 (2.27%) Amazon Redshift
13 13 (2.11%) Azure SQL Database
14 12 (1.95%) Apache Cassandra
15 11 (1.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 10 (1.62%) HBase
16 10 (1.62%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 10 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 74 (12.01%) Jenkins
2 61 (9.90%) Git (software)
3 29 (4.71%) JIRA
4 25 (4.06%) TeamCity
5 23 (3.73%) Maven
6 16 (2.60%) CircleCI
7 11 (1.79%) Travis CI
8 10 (1.62%) GitLab
9 9 (1.46%) Sonatype Nexus
9 9 (1.46%) Subversion
10 8 (1.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 8 (1.30%) Selenium
11 7 (1.14%) Visual Studio
12 6 (0.97%) Team Foundation Server
13 5 (0.81%) Cucumber
14 4 (0.65%) CruiseControl
15 3 (0.49%) Appium
15 3 (0.49%) Artifactory
15 3 (0.49%) Bitbucket
15 3 (0.49%) Mocha
General
1 119 (19.32%) Finance
2 62 (10.06%) Banking
3 51 (8.28%) Front Office
4 21 (3.41%) Investment Banking
5 17 (2.76%) Advertising
5 17 (2.76%) Marketing
6 12 (1.95%) Games
7 11 (1.79%) Public Sector
8 10 (1.62%) Financial Institution
9 9 (1.46%) Law
10 7 (1.14%) Publishing
11 6 (0.97%) International Banking
11 6 (0.97%) Retail
11 6 (0.97%) Telecoms
12 4 (0.65%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.32%) French Language
13 2 (0.32%) Legal
14 1 (0.16%) Aerospace
14 1 (0.16%) Arabic Language
14 1 (0.16%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 260 (42.21%) Developer
2 135 (21.92%) Python Developer
3 83 (13.47%) DevOps Engineer
4 57 (9.25%) Data Engineer
5 44 (7.14%) Python Engineer
6 42 (6.82%) Data Scientist
7 36 (5.84%) Analyst
8 33 (5.36%) Java Developer
9 32 (5.19%) AWS Engineer
10 29 (4.71%) Senior Developer
11 26 (4.22%) Architect
12 25 (4.06%) Azure Engineer
13 21 (3.41%) AWS DevOps
14 20 (3.25%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 20 (3.25%) Cloud Engineer
15 19 (3.08%) Full Stack Developer
16 18 (2.92%) Platform Engineer
16 18 (2.92%) Quantitative Developer
17 16 (2.60%) AWS Developer
17 16 (2.60%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (8.60%) Kafka
2 50 (8.12%) .NET
3 38 (6.17%) Web Services
4 36 (5.84%) Django
5 32 (5.19%) React
6 31 (5.03%) Flask
6 31 (5.03%) Node.js
7 30 (4.87%) Natural Language Processing
8 26 (4.22%) HTML
9 23 (3.73%) AngularJS
10 22 (3.57%) CSS
10 22 (3.57%) REST
11 21 (3.41%) Spring
12 20 (3.25%) RESTful
13 17 (2.76%) PySpark
14 15 (2.44%) Pandas
15 14 (2.27%) JSON
15 14 (2.27%) NumPy
15 14 (2.27%) Redux
16 11 (1.79%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 69 (11.20%) Greenfield Project
2 35 (5.68%) Algorithms
3 31 (5.03%) Analytical Skills
4 21 (3.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 17 (2.76%) Data Structures
6 16 (2.60%) Public Cloud
7 15 (2.44%) Derivative
7 15 (2.44%) Equities
8 14 (2.27%) Market Risk
9 13 (2.11%) Self-Motivation
10 12 (1.95%) User Experience
11 10 (1.62%) Linux Command Line
12 9 (1.46%) iPad
13 8 (1.30%) Hedge funds
14 7 (1.14%) Credit Risk
15 5 (0.81%) Fixed Income
15 5 (0.81%) Management Information System
15 5 (0.81%) Renewable Energy
16 4 (0.65%) Cloud Native
16 4 (0.65%) Marketing Technology
Operating Systems
1 102 (16.56%) Linux
2 34 (5.52%) Windows
3 29 (4.71%) Unix
4 14 (2.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 7 (1.14%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.97%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.81%) CentOS
8 2 (0.32%) Android
8 2 (0.32%) VMS
8 2 (0.32%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.16%) CoreOS
9 1 (0.16%) Debian
9 1 (0.16%) Mac OS
9 1 (0.16%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 161 (26.14%) Agile Software Development
2 143 (23.21%) DevOps
3 96 (15.58%) Data Science
4 83 (13.47%) Machine Learning
5 79 (12.82%) Microservices
6 68 (11.04%) Analytics
7 65 (10.55%) Continuous Integration
8 53 (8.60%) Business Intelligence
8 53 (8.60%) TDD
9 46 (7.47%) ETL
10 41 (6.66%) Artificial Intelligence
11 40 (6.49%) Open Source
12 39 (6.33%) Software Engineering
13 36 (5.84%) Computer Science
14 33 (5.36%) OO
15 32 (5.19%) Data Modelling
15 32 (5.19%) Mathematics
15 32 (5.19%) Test Automation
16 31 (5.03%) Configuration Management
16 31 (5.03%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 186 (30.19%) Java
2 145 (23.54%) SQL
3 85 (13.80%) JavaScript
4 71 (11.53%) Ruby
5 70 (11.36%) C++
6 64 (10.39%) Go
7 62 (10.06%) C#
8 57 (9.25%) Bash Shell
8 57 (9.25%) Scala
9 42 (6.82%) R
10 23 (3.73%) PHP
11 22 (3.57%) PowerShell
12 18 (2.92%) Perl
13 17 (2.76%) Groovy
14 10 (1.62%) Shell Script
14 10 (1.62%) VBA
15 7 (1.14%) C
15 7 (1.14%) ES6
16 6 (0.97%) Kotlin
16 6 (0.97%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 46 (7.47%) Degree
2 26 (4.22%) Security Cleared
3 20 (3.25%) PhD
4 17 (2.76%) SC Cleared
5 13 (2.11%) Computer Science Degree
6 10 (1.62%) AWS Certification
7 7 (1.14%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.97%) Numerate Degree
9 4 (0.65%) RHCE
10 3 (0.49%) CHECK Team Member
10 3 (0.49%) CISSP
10 3 (0.49%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.32%) CFA
11 2 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
11 2 (0.32%) ISEB
11 2 (0.32%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.16%) CCA
12 1 (0.16%) CCIE
12 1 (0.16%) CCNA
12 1 (0.16%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (2.27%) QA
2 5 (0.81%) NIST
3 4 (0.65%) EMIR
3 4 (0.65%) MiFID
3 4 (0.65%) SLA
4 3 (0.49%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.32%) GDPR
5 2 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 2 (0.32%) NIST 800
5 2 (0.32%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.16%) Basel III
6 1 (0.16%) NCSC
6 1 (0.16%) PMO
6 1 (0.16%) PSD2
System Software
1 106 (17.21%) Docker
2 10 (1.62%) HDFS
3 9 (1.46%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.65%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.32%) KVM
6 2 (0.32%) Xen
7 1 (0.16%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.16%) Varnish
7 1 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.16%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.16%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.16%) zsh
Systems Management
1 97 (15.75%) Kubernetes
2 69 (11.20%) Terraform
3 58 (9.42%) Ansible
4 40 (6.49%) Puppet
5 27 (4.38%) Opscode Chef
6 10 (1.62%) Hadoop YARN
7 8 (1.30%) Docker Swarm
7 8 (1.30%) Rancher
8 6 (0.97%) Suricata
9 5 (0.81%) Grafana
10 4 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.49%) Graphite
11 3 (0.49%) Kibana
11 3 (0.49%) logstash
11 3 (0.49%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.49%) SCOM
12 2 (0.32%) Consul
12 2 (0.32%) Istio
12 2 (0.32%) Packer
12 2 (0.32%) Salt
Vendors
1 72 (11.69%) Google
2 34 (5.52%) Microsoft
3 31 (5.03%) Oracle
4 17 (2.76%) Splunk
4 17 (2.76%) Tableau
5 15 (2.44%) Red Hat
6 11 (1.79%) Facebook
7 8 (1.30%) Databricks
8 7 (1.14%) Cloudera
8 7 (1.14%) SaltStack
8 7 (1.14%) ServiceNow
8 7 (1.14%) VMware
9 6 (0.97%) Qualys
9 6 (0.97%) Sophis
10 5 (0.81%) Bloomberg
10 5 (0.81%) Hortonworks
10 5 (0.81%) Okta
10 5 (0.81%) Teradata
11 4 (0.65%) Alteryx
11 4 (0.65%) Fortinet