Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 13 24 27
Rank change year-on-year +11 +3 +35
Contract jobs citing Python 727 530 436
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.41% 8.08% 6.42%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.45% 15.72% 13.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 569 421 340
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £493
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.68% +1.03%
10th Percentile £416 £400 £336
90th Percentile £738 £688 £650
Central London median daily rate £550 £540 £475
% change year-on-year +1.85% +13.68% -0.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
City of London median hourly rate £13.00 - £48.26
10th Percentile £12.50 - £21.14
90th Percentile £15.30 - £78.29
Central London median hourly rate £13.00 £35.50 £48.26
% change year-on-year -63.38% -26.44% +126.56%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,738 3,371 3,291
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 53.52% 51.41% 48.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,111 2,697 2,772
City of London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.70%
10th Percentile £369 £356 £313
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 12 10
City of London median hourly rate £21.50 £22.99 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.49% +2.19% -7.14%
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.31 £18.17
90th Percentile £64.50 £36.73 £58.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.50 £28.35 £22.50
% change year-on-year -24.15% +25.98% -8.59%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +3 24 £525 -
Moorgate - 2 £450 -
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 276 (37.96%) Agile Software Development
2 251 (34.53%) Amazon AWS
3 229 (31.50%) DevOps
4 216 (29.71%) Finance
5 209 (28.75%) Java
6 187 (25.72%) Docker
7 173 (23.80%) Jenkins
8 171 (23.52%) SQL
9 159 (21.87%) Linux
10 150 (20.63%) Bash Shell
11 147 (20.22%) Banking
12 131 (18.02%) Ruby
13 117 (16.09%) Ansible
14 109 (14.99%) Big Data
15 106 (14.58%) TDD
16 103 (14.17%) Continuous Integration
17 102 (14.03%) Hadoop
17 102 (14.03%) Git (software)
18 101 (13.89%) Kubernetes
19 97 (13.34%) Data Science
20 95 (13.07%) Analytics
21 91 (12.52%) R
22 90 (12.38%) Node.js
22 90 (12.38%) Apache Spark
22 90 (12.38%) JavaScript
23 85 (11.69%) Configuration Management
24 82 (11.28%) Machine Learning
25 79 (10.87%) Scrum
26 78 (10.73%) Terraform
27 77 (10.59%) GitHub

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (12.38%) Apache Spark
2 35 (4.81%) Elasticsearch
3 34 (4.68%) Cloud Foundry
4 27 (3.71%) Apache
5 23 (3.16%) Confluence
6 15 (2.06%) Apache Airflow
6 15 (2.06%) SAS
7 11 (1.51%) nginx
8 10 (1.38%) Apache Pig
9 8 (1.10%) Jupyter
10 7 (0.96%) Apache Solr
11 6 (0.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 6 (0.83%) Ethereum
11 6 (0.83%) OpenStack
11 6 (0.83%) Tomcat
12 4 (0.55%) Hyperledger
13 2 (0.28%) CMS
13 2 (0.28%) Hubot
13 2 (0.28%) IPython
13 2 (0.28%) Luigi
Applications
1 51 (7.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (2.34%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.28%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.14%) Stata
Business Applications
1 5 (0.69%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.55%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.55%) R3 Corda
3 2 (0.28%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
3 2 (0.28%) ReMetrica
4 1 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.14%) FastStats
4 1 (0.14%) Sprinklr
4 1 (0.14%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 251 (34.53%) Amazon AWS
2 77 (10.59%) GitHub
3 61 (8.39%) Google Cloud Platform
4 59 (8.12%) Microsoft Azure
5 46 (6.33%) Amazon S3
6 35 (4.81%) Amazon EC2
7 27 (3.71%) npm
8 25 (3.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 24 (3.30%) IBM Cloud
10 21 (2.89%) AWS CloudFormation
11 20 (2.75%) Heroku
12 19 (2.61%) AWS Lambda
12 19 (2.61%) Serverless
13 18 (2.48%) PaaS
14 14 (1.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 14 (1.93%) SaaS
15 13 (1.79%) Route 53
16 12 (1.65%) IaaS
17 11 (1.51%) Cloud Computing
18 9 (1.24%) CloudFront
Communications & Networking
1 17 (2.34%) SSL
2 13 (1.79%) Firewall
3 11 (1.51%) DNS
4 8 (1.10%) HTTP
4 8 (1.10%) Internet
5 7 (0.96%) Network Security
5 7 (0.96%) TCP/IP
6 6 (0.83%) AMQP
6 6 (0.83%) Kerberos
7 5 (0.69%) MPLS
7 5 (0.69%) Software-Defined Networking
7 5 (0.69%) VPN
7 5 (0.69%) WAN
8 4 (0.55%) BGP
8 4 (0.55%) Cisco Nexus
8 4 (0.55%) LAN
8 4 (0.55%) Wireless
9 3 (0.41%) DHCP
9 3 (0.41%) OSPF
9 3 (0.41%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (14.99%) Big Data
2 102 (14.03%) Hadoop
3 68 (9.35%) MongoDB
4 57 (7.84%) NoSQL
5 56 (7.70%) Apache Hive
6 49 (6.74%) SQL Server
7 45 (6.19%) PostgreSQL
8 38 (5.23%) Relational Database
9 32 (4.40%) Apache Cassandra
10 30 (4.13%) Amazon Redshift
11 29 (3.99%) MySQL
12 23 (3.16%) Sqoop
13 22 (3.03%) Blockchain
13 22 (3.03%) Data Mining
14 21 (2.89%) HBase
15 20 (2.75%) Data Warehouse
16 19 (2.61%) Impala
17 15 (2.06%) Amazon RDS
17 15 (2.06%) Power BI
18 14 (1.93%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 173 (23.80%) Jenkins
2 102 (14.03%) Git (software)
3 49 (6.74%) Maven
4 44 (6.05%) JIRA
5 43 (5.91%) Sonatype Nexus
6 31 (4.26%) GitLab
6 31 (4.26%) SonarQube
7 30 (4.13%) Selenium
8 26 (3.58%) Ant
9 25 (3.44%) Gerrit
10 13 (1.79%) TeamCity
11 10 (1.38%) Octopus Deploy
11 10 (1.38%) Subversion
11 10 (1.38%) Team Foundation Server
12 9 (1.24%) Cucumber
13 8 (1.10%) IBM UrbanCode
13 8 (1.10%) RStudio
13 8 (1.10%) Travis CI
14 7 (0.96%) Bitbucket
15 6 (0.83%) Gradle
General
1 216 (29.71%) Finance
2 147 (20.22%) Banking
3 65 (8.94%) Front Office
4 28 (3.85%) Investment Banking
5 26 (3.58%) Marketing
6 13 (1.79%) Retail
6 13 (1.79%) Telecoms
7 8 (1.10%) Financial Institution
8 6 (0.83%) Advertising
8 6 (0.83%) Back Office
8 6 (0.83%) Games
9 4 (0.55%) Publishing
9 4 (0.55%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.41%) Billing
10 3 (0.41%) Corporate Banking
10 3 (0.41%) German Language
11 2 (0.28%) Digital Economy
11 2 (0.28%) Prime Brokerage
12 1 (0.14%) Electronics
12 1 (0.14%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 263 (36.18%) Developer
2 152 (20.91%) DevOps Engineer
3 149 (20.50%) Python Developer
4 69 (9.49%) Data Engineer
5 59 (8.12%) Senior Developer
5 59 (8.12%) Senior DevOps
6 56 (7.70%) Analyst
6 56 (7.70%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 53 (7.29%) AWS Engineer
8 50 (6.88%) Data Scientist
9 44 (6.05%) Python Engineer
10 43 (5.91%) AWS DevOps
11 39 (5.36%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 36 (4.95%) Java Developer
13 35 (4.81%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 35 (4.81%) Senior Python Developer
14 22 (3.03%) Architect
15 19 (2.61%) Big Data Engineer
16 18 (2.48%) Linux Engineer
17 17 (2.34%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (12.38%) Node.js
2 75 (10.32%) Kafka
3 38 (5.23%) React
4 36 (4.95%) Django
4 36 (4.95%) HTML
4 36 (4.95%) REST
5 34 (4.68%) Pandas
6 30 (4.13%) NumPy
7 29 (3.99%) RESTful
8 28 (3.85%) JSON
9 23 (3.16%) Elastic Stack
10 22 (3.03%) .NET
10 22 (3.03%) OAuth
11 20 (2.75%) CSS
12 19 (2.61%) AngularJS
13 18 (2.48%) Natural Language Processing
14 17 (2.34%) TensorFlow
15 16 (2.20%) SAML
15 16 (2.20%) Web Services
16 15 (2.06%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 50 (6.88%) Analytical Skills
2 45 (6.19%) Algorithms
3 44 (6.05%) Greenfield Project
4 43 (5.91%) Computer Science
5 40 (5.50%) Fintech
6 37 (5.09%) iPad
7 30 (4.13%) Derivative
8 22 (3.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 21 (2.89%) Device Driver
9 21 (2.89%) Equities
9 21 (2.89%) Fixed Income
10 19 (2.61%) Mobile App
11 17 (2.34%) User Experience
12 15 (2.06%) Data Structures
13 14 (1.93%) Linux Command Line
13 14 (1.93%) Wiki
14 12 (1.65%) Robotics
14 12 (1.65%) Self-Motivation
15 10 (1.38%) Credit Risk
15 10 (1.38%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 159 (21.87%) Linux
2 63 (8.67%) Unix
3 47 (6.46%) Windows
4 28 (3.85%) Ubuntu
5 26 (3.58%) CentOS
6 14 (1.93%) Android
6 14 (1.93%) Apple iOS
6 14 (1.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (1.93%) Windows Server
7 6 (0.83%) Windows Server 2008
8 4 (0.55%) DC/OS
8 4 (0.55%) Mac OS X
8 4 (0.55%) VMS
8 4 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.28%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.28%) Solaris
10 1 (0.14%) Debian
10 1 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.14%) SUSE
10 1 (0.14%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 276 (37.96%) Agile Software Development
2 229 (31.50%) DevOps
3 106 (14.58%) TDD
4 103 (14.17%) Continuous Integration
5 97 (13.34%) Data Science
6 95 (13.07%) Analytics
7 85 (11.69%) Configuration Management
8 82 (11.28%) Machine Learning
9 79 (10.87%) Scrum
10 73 (10.04%) Test Automation
11 69 (9.49%) ETL
12 62 (8.53%) E-Commerce
13 58 (7.98%) Problem-Solving
14 56 (7.70%) Software Engineering
15 50 (6.88%) Microservices
16 47 (6.46%) Artificial Intelligence
17 45 (6.19%) BDD
18 41 (5.64%) Mathematics
19 40 (5.50%) Data Analysis
20 39 (5.36%) OO
Programming Languages
1 209 (28.75%) Java
2 171 (23.52%) SQL
3 150 (20.63%) Bash Shell
4 131 (18.02%) Ruby
5 91 (12.52%) R
6 90 (12.38%) JavaScript
7 71 (9.77%) C#
8 69 (9.49%) Go
9 56 (7.70%) C++
10 47 (6.46%) Perl
11 46 (6.33%) Scala
12 36 (4.95%) Groovy
13 34 (4.68%) VBA
14 32 (4.40%) PowerShell
15 28 (3.85%) C
15 28 (3.85%) Shell Script
16 24 (3.30%) MATLAB
17 19 (2.61%) Java 8
18 18 (2.48%) Korn
19 11 (1.51%) PHP
Qualifications
1 49 (6.74%) Degree
2 31 (4.26%) PhD
3 26 (3.58%) Security Cleared
4 21 (2.89%) SC Cleared
5 12 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (1.10%) AWS Certification
6 8 (1.10%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
7 6 (0.83%) RHCE
8 5 (0.69%) CCNP
8 5 (0.69%) CISM
8 5 (0.69%) CISSP
8 5 (0.69%) DV Cleared
9 3 (0.41%) CEH
9 3 (0.41%) SANS
10 2 (0.28%) CISA
10 2 (0.28%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
10 2 (0.28%) ISSMP
10 2 (0.28%) VCP6
10 2 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (5.09%) GCP
2 22 (3.03%) QA
3 15 (2.06%) Data Quality
4 9 (1.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.41%) SLA
6 2 (0.28%) GDPR
6 2 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27005
6 2 (0.28%) NIST 800
7 1 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.14%) EMIR
7 1 (0.14%) IFRS
7 1 (0.14%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 187 (25.72%) Docker
2 34 (4.68%) HDFS
3 10 (1.38%) Apache Flume
4 9 (1.24%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.69%) ProxySG
6 4 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.55%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.41%) Active Directory
7 3 (0.41%) VirtualBox
7 3 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.28%) KVM
8 2 (0.28%) OpenAM
8 2 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.28%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.14%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.14%) vSphere
9 1 (0.14%) Xen
9 1 (0.14%) XenApp
9 1 (0.14%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 117 (16.09%) Ansible
2 101 (13.89%) Kubernetes
3 78 (10.73%) Terraform
4 67 (9.22%) Puppet
5 50 (6.88%) Opscode Chef
6 35 (4.81%) Mesos
7 34 (4.68%) Consul
8 31 (4.26%) Prometheus
9 30 (4.13%) Grafana
10 28 (3.85%) Nagios
11 22 (3.03%) Hadoop YARN
12 21 (2.89%) Icinga
13 15 (2.06%) Kibana
14 14 (1.93%) Packer
15 11 (1.51%) Docker Swarm
16 10 (1.38%) logstash
17 7 (0.96%) Oozie
17 7 (0.96%) ZABBIX
18 6 (0.83%) Salt
19 5 (0.69%) systemd
Vendors
1 76 (10.45%) Google
2 42 (5.78%) Oracle
3 34 (4.68%) Red Hat
4 33 (4.54%) IBM
4 33 (4.54%) Tableau
5 28 (3.85%) Splunk
6 24 (3.30%) Cloudera
7 18 (2.48%) Microsoft
8 14 (1.93%) Bloomberg
9 13 (1.79%) Cisco
9 13 (1.79%) New Relic
10 12 (1.65%) Hortonworks
10 12 (1.65%) VMware
11 11 (1.51%) Apigee
12 10 (1.38%) Reuters
13 9 (1.24%) Atlassian
14 8 (1.10%) Adobe
14 8 (1.10%) Alteryx
15 7 (0.96%) Calypso
15 7 (0.96%) Informatica