Period
to 20 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 20 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
20 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 15 17 19
Rank change year-on-year +2 +2 +23
Contract jobs citing Python 691 642 495
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.23% 9.03% 8.24%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.56% 16.84% 16.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 513 522 406
City of London median daily rate £550 £575 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.35% +9.52% +5.00%
10th Percentile £420 £435 £363
90th Percentile £710 £725 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +10.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 0
City of London median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.00% - -
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 -
% change year-on-year +25.00% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,532 3,813 3,013
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 52.29% 53.64% 50.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,870 3,253 2,499
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.14% +3.16%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £711 £663
Central London median daily rate £525 £520 £475
% change year-on-year +0.96% +9.47% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 19 4
City of London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £31.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% -32.12% +26.69%
10th Percentile £18.50 £18.75 £19.99
90th Percentile £56.50 £52.10 £44.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £31.67
% change year-on-year +62.79% -32.12% +26.69%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 20 March 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 20 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -1 74 £525 +16.67%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 20 March 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 247 (35.75%) Finance
2 218 (31.55%) Agile Software Development
2 218 (31.55%) Amazon AWS
3 183 (26.48%) DevOps
4 168 (24.31%) SQL
5 166 (24.02%) Java
6 153 (22.14%) Docker
7 150 (21.71%) Linux
7 150 (21.71%) Data Science
8 147 (21.27%) Apache Spark
9 117 (16.93%) Microsoft Azure
10 116 (16.79%) Ansible
11 115 (16.64%) Git (software)
12 110 (15.92%) Jenkins
13 107 (15.48%) Big Data
14 104 (15.05%) Bash Shell
15 101 (14.62%) JavaScript
16 94 (13.60%) PySpark
17 91 (13.17%) Kubernetes
18 90 (13.02%) Machine Learning
19 86 (12.45%) NumPy
19 86 (12.45%) Google
20 85 (12.30%) Pandas
20 85 (12.30%) Terraform
21 79 (11.43%) Google Cloud Platform
22 78 (11.29%) Splunk
22 78 (11.29%) Banking
23 73 (10.56%) Continuous Integration
24 71 (10.27%) Hadoop
25 69 (9.99%) Scala

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 147 (21.27%) Apache Spark
2 66 (9.55%) Elasticsearch
3 40 (5.79%) Apache
4 32 (4.63%) Apache Airflow
5 24 (3.47%) Confluence
6 22 (3.18%) IPython
7 12 (1.74%) Gunicorn
8 11 (1.59%) nginx
9 8 (1.16%) Cloud Foundry
9 8 (1.16%) Jupyter
10 6 (0.87%) Tomcat
11 4 (0.58%) SAS
12 3 (0.43%) Apache Pig
12 3 (0.43%) Apache Solr
12 3 (0.43%) CMS
12 3 (0.43%) IIS
12 3 (0.43%) SharePoint
13 2 (0.29%) Drupal
13 2 (0.29%) OpenStack
13 2 (0.29%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 17 (2.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.16%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.72%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.58%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 2 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.14%) Actimize
2 1 (0.14%) CA PPM
2 1 (0.14%) Eloqua
2 1 (0.14%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 1 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 218 (31.55%) Amazon AWS
2 117 (16.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 79 (11.43%) Google Cloud Platform
4 30 (4.34%) Serverless
5 26 (3.76%) AWS Lambda
6 16 (2.32%) AWS CloudFormation
6 16 (2.32%) Datadog
7 13 (1.88%) Amazon S3
8 12 (1.74%) GitHub
9 10 (1.45%) Amazon EMR
9 10 (1.45%) PaaS
9 10 (1.45%) SaaS
10 9 (1.30%) Heroku
11 8 (1.16%) Amazon EC2
11 8 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
11 8 (1.16%) IaaS
12 7 (1.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 7 (1.01%) Amazon Kinesis
12 7 (1.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 6 (0.87%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 18 (2.60%) HTTP
2 16 (2.32%) Firewall
3 14 (2.03%) WAN
4 13 (1.88%) LAN
4 13 (1.88%) Wireless
5 11 (1.59%) BGP
5 11 (1.59%) OSPF
5 11 (1.59%) VPN
6 9 (1.30%) DNS
7 8 (1.16%) Cisco ASA
7 8 (1.16%) Multicast
7 8 (1.16%) TCP/IP
8 7 (1.01%) DHCP
9 6 (0.87%) Cisco Nexus
9 6 (0.87%) Cisco Wireless
9 6 (0.87%) Internet
9 6 (0.87%) MPLS
9 6 (0.87%) Network Security
9 6 (0.87%) SSL
9 6 (0.87%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 107 (15.48%) Big Data
2 71 (10.27%) Hadoop
3 45 (6.51%) NoSQL
3 45 (6.51%) PostgreSQL
4 38 (5.50%) Apache Hive
5 33 (4.78%) MySQL
6 26 (3.76%) SQL Server
7 22 (3.18%) Relational Database
8 21 (3.04%) Data Mining
8 21 (3.04%) MongoDB
9 20 (2.89%) Data Warehouse
10 18 (2.60%) HBase
11 17 (2.46%) Blockchain
11 17 (2.46%) Impala
12 15 (2.17%) Power BI
13 14 (2.03%) Data Lake
14 11 (1.59%) Redis
15 9 (1.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 8 (1.16%) Amazon Redshift
17 7 (1.01%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 115 (16.64%) Git (software)
2 110 (15.92%) Jenkins
3 45 (6.51%) JIRA
4 33 (4.78%) Selenium
5 27 (3.91%) Maven
6 21 (3.04%) Sonatype Nexus
7 19 (2.75%) Gatling
7 19 (2.75%) Gradle
8 13 (1.88%) CircleCI
8 13 (1.88%) Robot Framework
9 12 (1.74%) Subversion
10 11 (1.59%) Cucumber
11 8 (1.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 8 (1.16%) GitLab
11 8 (1.16%) GoCD
11 8 (1.16%) SonarQube
11 8 (1.16%) TeamCity
12 7 (1.01%) Bitbucket
12 7 (1.01%) JMeter
13 6 (0.87%) Mocha
General
1 247 (35.75%) Finance
2 78 (11.29%) Banking
3 42 (6.08%) Front Office
4 39 (5.64%) Retail
5 20 (2.89%) Investment Banking
6 11 (1.59%) Publishing
7 9 (1.30%) Advertising
7 9 (1.30%) Marketing
8 7 (1.01%) Retail Banking
9 6 (0.87%) Financial Institution
10 3 (0.43%) Games
10 3 (0.43%) Manufacturing
11 2 (0.29%) Law
12 1 (0.14%) Automotive
12 1 (0.14%) Back Office
12 1 (0.14%) Billing
12 1 (0.14%) Italian Language
12 1 (0.14%) Russian Language
12 1 (0.14%) Spanish Language
12 1 (0.14%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 244 (35.31%) Developer
2 174 (25.18%) Python Developer
3 107 (15.48%) DevOps Engineer
4 81 (11.72%) Data Engineer
5 64 (9.26%) Python Engineer
6 52 (7.53%) Data Scientist
7 39 (5.64%) Big Data Engineer
8 35 (5.07%) Quantitative Developer
9 29 (4.20%) Analyst
10 27 (3.91%) Cloud Engineer
11 25 (3.62%) Senior DevOps
12 24 (3.47%) AWS DevOps
12 24 (3.47%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 23 (3.33%) Java Engineer
14 22 (3.18%) Architect
14 22 (3.18%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 19 (2.75%) AWS Engineer
16 15 (2.17%) Java Developer
16 15 (2.17%) Network Engineer
16 15 (2.17%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (13.60%) PySpark
2 86 (12.45%) NumPy
3 85 (12.30%) Pandas
4 67 (9.70%) Kafka
5 64 (9.26%) Node.js
6 58 (8.39%) Flask
7 49 (7.09%) HTML
8 37 (5.35%) Django
9 33 (4.78%) JSON
10 31 (4.49%) CSS
11 28 (4.05%) REST
12 25 (3.62%) RESTful
13 24 (3.47%) Spring
14 22 (3.18%) React
15 20 (2.89%) .NET
16 18 (2.60%) Jest
16 18 (2.60%) TensorFlow
17 16 (2.32%) OAuth
18 15 (2.17%) OAuth2
18 15 (2.17%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 64 (9.26%) Algorithms
2 56 (8.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 52 (7.53%) Analytical Skills
4 38 (5.50%) Data Structures
5 35 (5.07%) Fintech
6 27 (3.91%) Hedge funds
7 24 (3.47%) Client/Server
7 24 (3.47%) Greenfield Project
8 19 (2.75%) iPad
9 18 (2.60%) User Experience
10 17 (2.46%) Fixed Income
11 15 (2.17%) Self-Motivation
12 14 (2.03%) Data Centre
12 14 (2.03%) Public Cloud
13 13 (1.88%) Equities
13 13 (1.88%) Mobile App
14 12 (1.74%) Derivative
15 8 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
15 8 (1.16%) Management Information System
16 6 (0.87%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 150 (21.71%) Linux
2 40 (5.79%) Unix
2 40 (5.79%) Windows
3 16 (2.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 10 (1.45%) Windows Server
5 8 (1.16%) Apple iOS
6 7 (1.01%) Android
7 6 (0.87%) CentOS
8 4 (0.58%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.29%) CoreOS
10 2 (0.29%) VMS
10 2 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
11 1 (0.14%) Debian
11 1 (0.14%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.14%) Mac OS X
11 1 (0.14%) Solaris
11 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 218 (31.55%) Agile Software Development
2 183 (26.48%) DevOps
3 150 (21.71%) Data Science
4 90 (13.02%) Machine Learning
5 73 (10.56%) Continuous Integration
6 66 (9.55%) Test Automation
7 65 (9.41%) Microservices
8 62 (8.97%) Mentoring
9 61 (8.83%) Analytics
9 61 (8.83%) Open Source
9 61 (8.83%) TDD
10 52 (7.53%) Problem-Solving
11 46 (6.66%) Configuration Management
12 45 (6.51%) Artificial Intelligence
13 44 (6.37%) Continuous Delivery
14 41 (5.93%) Data Engineering
15 40 (5.79%) Coaching
16 39 (5.64%) BDD
16 39 (5.64%) Mathematics
17 37 (5.35%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 168 (24.31%) SQL
2 166 (24.02%) Java
3 104 (15.05%) Bash Shell
4 101 (14.62%) JavaScript
5 69 (9.99%) C++
5 69 (9.99%) Scala
6 63 (9.12%) Ruby
7 44 (6.37%) Go
8 42 (6.08%) R
9 39 (5.64%) C#
9 39 (5.64%) PowerShell
10 38 (5.50%) Perl
11 22 (3.18%) Groovy
11 22 (3.18%) Shell Script
12 21 (3.04%) Cython
12 21 (3.04%) ES6
12 21 (3.04%) PHP
13 15 (2.17%) Kotlin
14 12 (1.74%) VBA
15 10 (1.45%) C
Qualifications
1 44 (6.37%) Degree
2 31 (4.49%) PhD
3 17 (2.46%) Security Cleared
4 14 (2.03%) SC Cleared
5 13 (1.88%) Cisco Certification
5 13 (1.88%) Master's Degree
6 9 (1.30%) Numerate Degree
7 8 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
8 7 (1.01%) AWS Certification
8 7 (1.01%) CCNP
9 5 (0.72%) CCIE
10 3 (0.43%) Avaya Certification
10 3 (0.43%) CCNA
10 3 (0.43%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.29%) JNCIP
11 2 (0.29%) MCSA
11 2 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
11 2 (0.29%) Postgraduate
11 2 (0.29%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (2.60%) QA
2 11 (1.59%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.43%) SLA
4 2 (0.29%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.14%) FedRAMP
5 1 (0.14%) FISMA
5 1 (0.14%) GDPR
5 1 (0.14%) ISAE 3402
5 1 (0.14%) MiFID
5 1 (0.14%) PMO
5 1 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 153 (22.14%) Docker
2 14 (2.03%) Apache Flume
3 8 (1.16%) HDFS
4 5 (0.72%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.58%) etcd
6 3 (0.43%) Firmware
6 3 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.29%) Ceph
7 2 (0.29%) flannel
7 2 (0.29%) GlusterFS
7 2 (0.29%) SkyDNS
8 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.14%) pfSense
8 1 (0.14%) Samba
8 1 (0.14%) Varnish
8 1 (0.14%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 116 (16.79%) Ansible
2 91 (13.17%) Kubernetes
3 85 (12.30%) Terraform
4 48 (6.95%) Puppet
5 41 (5.93%) Opscode Chef
6 13 (1.88%) Hadoop YARN
6 13 (1.88%) Packer
7 9 (1.30%) Prometheus
8 8 (1.16%) Consul
9 7 (1.01%) Kibana
9 7 (1.01%) Mesos
10 5 (0.72%) Docker Swarm
10 5 (0.72%) Grafana
10 5 (0.72%) systemd
11 4 (0.58%) Rundeck
12 3 (0.43%) collectd
12 3 (0.43%) Fluentd
12 3 (0.43%) Graphite
12 3 (0.43%) logstash
12 3 (0.43%) Salt
Vendors
1 86 (12.45%) Google
2 78 (11.29%) Splunk
3 28 (4.05%) Tableau
4 23 (3.33%) Oracle
5 22 (3.18%) Microsoft
6 20 (2.89%) Cloudera
7 18 (2.60%) Red Hat
8 16 (2.32%) Cisco
9 9 (1.30%) New Relic
9 9 (1.30%) SolarWinds
9 9 (1.30%) Talend
10 8 (1.16%) F5
11 7 (1.01%) CheckPoint
11 7 (1.01%) Hortonworks
11 7 (1.01%) IBM
11 7 (1.01%) SaltStack
11 7 (1.01%) VMware
12 6 (0.87%) Citrix
12 6 (0.87%) Fortinet
12 6 (0.87%) Sonatype