Period
to 2 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 2 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
2 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 14 14
Rank change year-on-year +5 0 +7
Contract jobs citing Python 331 724 714
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 12.15% 11.02% 10.15%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.74% 22.09% 19.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 255 560 568
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £413 £425 £416
90th Percentile £702 £707 £725
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 8 3
Median hourly rate £38.50 £35.00 £13.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +169.23% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £32.50 £12.50
90th Percentile £49.60 £51.34 £15.30
Central London median hourly rate £36.75 £35.00 £13.00
% change year-on-year +5.00% +169.23% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,338 3,278 3,730
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.10% 49.90% 53.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,000 2,668 3,130
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £406 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £694
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 22 21
Median hourly rate £35.00 £28.75 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.74% +33.72% -24.15%
10th Percentile £24.15 £21.00 £12.75
90th Percentile £57.30 £56.50 £38.47
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - +62.79% -24.15%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 2 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 2 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 2 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +9 1 £500 -13.04%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 2 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 115 (34.74%) DevOps
2 102 (30.82%) AWS
3 91 (27.49%) Kubernetes
4 88 (26.59%) Java
5 79 (23.87%) Finance
6 71 (21.45%) SQL
7 64 (19.34%) Docker
8 62 (18.73%) Terraform
8 62 (18.73%) Agile Software Development
8 62 (18.73%) Azure
9 58 (17.52%) GCP
10 54 (16.31%) Big Data
10 54 (16.31%) Linux
11 50 (15.11%) Jenkins
12 48 (14.50%) Analytics
13 47 (14.20%) JavaScript
14 46 (13.90%) Continuous Integration
15 45 (13.60%) Banking
16 44 (13.29%) Git (software)
17 39 (11.78%) Front Office
17 39 (11.78%) C#
17 39 (11.78%) Ansible
18 37 (11.18%) Machine Learning
19 33 (9.97%) Data Science
20 32 (9.67%) .NET
21 31 (9.37%) Data Modelling
21 31 (9.37%) Apache Spark
22 30 (9.06%) Infrastructure as Code
22 30 (9.06%) Hadoop
22 30 (9.06%) Google

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (9.37%) Apache Spark
2 20 (6.04%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (2.72%) Confluence
4 8 (2.42%) Apache
5 7 (2.11%) SAS
6 6 (1.81%) nginx
7 5 (1.51%) CMS
7 5 (1.51%) Tomcat
8 4 (1.21%) Apache Airflow
8 4 (1.21%) Tornado
9 3 (0.91%) SharePoint
10 1 (0.30%) Apache Pig
10 1 (0.30%) Apache Pulsar
10 1 (0.30%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.30%) IBM HTTP Server
10 1 (0.30%) OpenStack
10 1 (0.30%) Oracle Workflow
10 1 (0.30%) R Markdown
10 1 (0.30%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 18 (5.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.51%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.60%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.30%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 7 (2.11%) Sophis RISQUE
2 2 (0.60%) Front Arena
3 1 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.30%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 102 (30.82%) AWS
2 62 (18.73%) Azure
3 58 (17.52%) GCP
4 19 (5.74%) Serverless
5 16 (4.83%) GitHub
6 15 (4.53%) AWS Lambda
7 13 (3.93%) AWS CloudFormation
8 12 (3.63%) Amazon EKS
9 11 (3.32%) Amazon EC2
10 8 (2.42%) Amazon ECS
10 8 (2.42%) Amazon S3
10 8 (2.42%) Power Platform
11 7 (2.11%) Azure Data Factory
11 7 (2.11%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (2.11%) IaaS
11 7 (2.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 6 (1.81%) Amazon Kinesis
12 6 (1.81%) PaaS
13 5 (1.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 5 (1.51%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.32%) DNS
2 7 (2.11%) Firewall
2 7 (2.11%) TCP/IP
3 5 (1.51%) DHCP
3 5 (1.51%) HTTP
4 3 (0.91%) BGP
4 3 (0.91%) Kerberos
4 3 (0.91%) MPLS
4 3 (0.91%) Network Security
4 3 (0.91%) SSL
5 2 (0.60%) 2G
5 2 (0.60%) 3G
5 2 (0.60%) Internet
5 2 (0.60%) OpenVPN
5 2 (0.60%) OSPF
5 2 (0.60%) SNMP
5 2 (0.60%) VPN
5 2 (0.60%) WAN
5 2 (0.60%) Wireless
5 2 (0.60%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (16.31%) Big Data
2 30 (9.06%) Hadoop
3 23 (6.95%) SQL Server
4 22 (6.65%) NoSQL
5 21 (6.34%) Data Warehouse
6 18 (5.44%) PostgreSQL
7 15 (4.53%) MySQL
8 13 (3.93%) Apache Hive
9 11 (3.32%) BigQuery
10 10 (3.02%) Data Lake
11 9 (2.72%) Amazon Redshift
11 9 (2.72%) Relational Database
12 8 (2.42%) Apache Cassandra
12 8 (2.42%) Power BI
12 8 (2.42%) Redis
12 8 (2.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 7 (2.11%) MongoDB
13 7 (2.11%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 7 (2.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 6 (1.81%) PowerPivot
Development Applications
1 50 (15.11%) Jenkins
2 44 (13.29%) Git (software)
3 19 (5.74%) JIRA
4 13 (3.93%) GitLab
5 9 (2.72%) Visual Studio
6 7 (2.11%) Maven
6 7 (2.11%) Team Foundation Server
6 7 (2.11%) TeamCity
7 5 (1.51%) Bitbucket
7 5 (1.51%) git-flow
7 5 (1.51%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
8 4 (1.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 4 (1.21%) Bitbucket Server
8 4 (1.21%) Hudson
8 4 (1.21%) ProC
9 3 (0.91%) Ant
9 3 (0.91%) Cucumber
9 3 (0.91%) Selenium
9 3 (0.91%) Sonatype Nexus
9 3 (0.91%) Subversion
General
1 79 (23.87%) Finance
2 45 (13.60%) Banking
3 39 (11.78%) Front Office
4 20 (6.04%) Investment Banking
5 9 (2.72%) Financial Institution
5 9 (2.72%) International Banking
5 9 (2.72%) Marketing
5 9 (2.72%) Public Sector
6 8 (2.42%) Retail
6 8 (2.42%) Telecoms
7 6 (1.81%) Games
8 4 (1.21%) Law
9 3 (0.91%) Electronics
9 3 (0.91%) French Language
9 3 (0.91%) Manufacturing
10 2 (0.60%) Advertising
11 1 (0.30%) Local Government
11 1 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 103 (31.12%) Developer
2 69 (20.85%) DevOps Engineer
3 55 (16.62%) Data Engineer
4 46 (13.90%) Python Developer
5 32 (9.67%) AWS Engineer
6 23 (6.95%) AWS DevOps
6 23 (6.95%) Python Engineer
7 20 (6.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 17 (5.14%) Analyst
9 15 (4.53%) Architect
9 15 (4.53%) Data Scientist
9 15 (4.53%) Quantitative Developer
10 14 (4.23%) Cloud Engineer
11 13 (3.93%) Java Developer
12 12 (3.63%) Azure Engineer
12 12 (3.63%) C# Developer
13 11 (3.32%) Front Office Developer
14 10 (3.02%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 9 (2.72%) Senior Developer
16 8 (2.42%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (9.67%) .NET
2 18 (5.44%) Kafka
2 18 (5.44%) Node.js
3 17 (5.14%) Web Services
4 16 (4.83%) HTML
4 16 (4.83%) React
4 16 (4.83%) TensorFlow
5 15 (4.53%) CSS
5 15 (4.53%) Django
6 14 (4.23%) RESTful
7 12 (3.63%) Elastic Stack
7 12 (3.63%) Flask
8 11 (3.32%) PySpark
9 10 (3.02%) RabbitMQ
10 8 (2.42%) Anaconda
10 8 (2.42%) Pandas
11 6 (1.81%) AngularJS
11 6 (1.81%) Natural Language Processing
11 6 (1.81%) NumPy
11 6 (1.81%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 27 (8.16%) Greenfield Project
2 23 (6.95%) Analytical Skills
2 23 (6.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 15 (4.53%) Algorithms
3 15 (4.53%) Fixed Income
4 12 (3.63%) Market Risk
5 10 (3.02%) Credit Risk
6 9 (2.72%) Derivative
6 9 (2.72%) Public Cloud
7 6 (1.81%) Cloud Native
7 6 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
7 6 (1.81%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (1.51%) Hedge funds
9 4 (1.21%) Blog
9 4 (1.21%) Data Structures
9 4 (1.21%) Management Information System
9 4 (1.21%) Social Media
10 3 (0.91%) Clustering
10 3 (0.91%) Hybrid Cloud
10 3 (0.91%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 54 (16.31%) Linux
2 22 (6.65%) Unix
3 9 (2.72%) Windows
4 5 (1.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 3 (0.91%) CentOS
5 3 (0.91%) Debian
5 3 (0.91%) Mac OS X
5 3 (0.91%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.30%) Amazon Linux
6 1 (0.30%) Android
6 1 (0.30%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.30%) Check Point GAiA
6 1 (0.30%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.30%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 115 (34.74%) DevOps
2 62 (18.73%) Agile Software Development
3 48 (14.50%) Analytics
4 46 (13.90%) Continuous Integration
5 37 (11.18%) Machine Learning
6 33 (9.97%) Data Science
7 31 (9.37%) Data Modelling
8 30 (9.06%) Infrastructure as Code
9 29 (8.76%) ETL
9 29 (8.76%) Software Engineering
10 27 (8.16%) Test Automation
11 26 (7.85%) Business Intelligence
12 22 (6.65%) Artificial Intelligence
12 22 (6.65%) Open Source
13 21 (6.34%) Microservices
13 21 (6.34%) TDD
14 17 (5.14%) Configuration Management
15 16 (4.83%) Continuous Delivery
15 16 (4.83%) Data Analysis
16 15 (4.53%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 88 (26.59%) Java
2 71 (21.45%) SQL
3 47 (14.20%) JavaScript
4 39 (11.78%) C#
5 29 (8.76%) Bash Shell
6 28 (8.46%) C++
7 26 (7.85%) R
8 23 (6.95%) Go
9 21 (6.34%) Scala
10 20 (6.04%) Ruby
11 17 (5.14%) PowerShell
12 16 (4.83%) Groovy
13 10 (3.02%) Perl
13 10 (3.02%) VBA
14 9 (2.72%) PHP
15 7 (2.11%) C
15 7 (2.11%) T-SQL
16 6 (1.81%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 6 (1.81%) Shell Script
17 3 (0.91%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 20 (6.04%) SC Cleared
1 20 (6.04%) Security Cleared
2 17 (5.14%) Degree
3 6 (1.81%) AWS Certification
4 5 (1.51%) Cisco Certification
5 4 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (1.21%) Master's Degree
5 4 (1.21%) PhD
6 3 (0.91%) CCNP
6 3 (0.91%) ISEB
6 3 (0.91%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.60%) CCIE
7 2 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
7 2 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.30%) CCIE Service Provider
8 1 (0.30%) CCNA
8 1 (0.30%) CHECK Team Member
8 1 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.81%) GDPR
2 5 (1.51%) QA
3 2 (0.60%) PSD2
4 1 (0.30%) Basel III
4 1 (0.30%) CDISC
4 1 (0.30%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 17025
4 1 (0.30%) MiFID
4 1 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 64 (19.34%) Docker
2 6 (1.81%) HDFS
3 3 (0.91%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.91%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.60%) Veritas Cluster Server
4 2 (0.60%) zsh
5 1 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 91 (27.49%) Kubernetes
2 62 (18.73%) Terraform
3 39 (11.78%) Ansible
4 16 (4.83%) Puppet
5 12 (3.63%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (2.42%) Rancher
7 6 (1.81%) Grafana
7 6 (1.81%) Prometheus
7 6 (1.81%) Salt
8 5 (1.51%) Kibana
8 5 (1.51%) Kubeflow
9 4 (1.21%) logstash
10 3 (0.91%) Hadoop YARN
11 2 (0.60%) Control-M
11 2 (0.60%) Pacemaker
11 2 (0.60%) Packer
12 1 (0.30%) Cisco Prime
12 1 (0.30%) Data Guard
12 1 (0.30%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 1 (0.30%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 30 (9.06%) Google
2 20 (6.04%) Microsoft
3 15 (4.53%) Oracle
4 13 (3.93%) Cloudera
5 11 (3.32%) Tableau
6 7 (2.11%) SaltStack
6 7 (2.11%) Sophis
7 6 (1.81%) Atlassian
7 6 (1.81%) Splunk
8 5 (1.51%) Cisco
8 5 (1.51%) Hortonworks
8 5 (1.51%) SAP
8 5 (1.51%) Sybase
9 4 (1.21%) Red Hat
10 3 (0.91%) Alteryx
10 3 (0.91%) Databricks
10 3 (0.91%) New Relic
11 2 (0.60%) Lets Encrypt
11 2 (0.60%) MapR
11 2 (0.60%) ServiceNow