Period
to 19 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 14 21
Rank change year-on-year +6 +7 -5
Contract jobs citing Python 756 730 573
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 12.84% 10.41% 8.15%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.59% 19.22% 15.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 579 587 485
City of London median daily rate £575 £550 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% -4.35% +6.98%
10th Percentile £425 £413 £425
90th Percentile £725 £713 £725
Central London median daily rate £560 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +1.82% - +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
City of London median hourly rate £47.50 - £27.55
10th Percentile £42.58 - £25.69
90th Percentile £54.65 - £29.85
Central London median hourly rate £47.50 - £28.00

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,954 3,799 3,696
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 50.17% 54.19% 52.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,397 3,172 3,068
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £390 £375 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
% change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 14
City of London median hourly rate £36.28 £37.09 £22.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.18% +61.31% -16.39%
10th Percentile £21.15 £16.10 £15.12
90th Percentile £56.45 £74.46 £39.10
Central London median hourly rate £31.50 £37.09 £24.49
% change year-on-year -15.07% +51.48% -10.96%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +2 22 £525 -
Moorgate +13 18 £550 +15.79%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 258 (34.13%) Java
2 223 (29.50%) AWS
3 214 (28.31%) Agile Software Development
4 205 (27.12%) SQL
5 192 (25.40%) Finance
6 169 (22.35%) DevOps
7 150 (19.84%) Docker
8 147 (19.44%) Linux
9 138 (18.25%) Data Science
10 117 (15.48%) Azure
10 117 (15.48%) GCP
11 112 (14.81%) Machine Learning
12 110 (14.55%) Kubernetes
13 104 (13.76%) Analytics
14 103 (13.62%) Microservices
15 102 (13.49%) Jenkins
16 101 (13.36%) JavaScript
17 99 (13.10%) Git (software)
18 94 (12.43%) Google
19 90 (11.90%) C++
20 87 (11.51%) Banking
21 85 (11.24%) Ruby
21 85 (11.24%) Apache Spark
22 80 (10.58%) Kafka
22 80 (10.58%) Continuous Integration
23 78 (10.32%) Scala
23 78 (10.32%) Big Data
24 77 (10.19%) Bash Shell
24 77 (10.19%) ETL
25 76 (10.05%) Ansible

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 85 (11.24%) Apache Spark
2 41 (5.42%) Elasticsearch
3 24 (3.17%) Confluence
4 21 (2.78%) Apache
5 20 (2.65%) Apache Airflow
6 11 (1.46%) Cloud Foundry
6 11 (1.46%) Jupyter
7 9 (1.19%) nginx
8 8 (1.06%) SAS
8 8 (1.06%) SharePoint
8 8 (1.06%) WebLogic
9 6 (0.79%) Luigi
9 6 (0.79%) WebLogic Integration
10 4 (0.53%) Tomcat
11 3 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 3 (0.40%) GeoServer
11 3 (0.40%) IIS
12 2 (0.26%) Apache Pig
12 2 (0.26%) OpenStack
12 2 (0.26%) Oracle Self-Service HR
Applications
1 20 (2.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.40%) InDesign
3 3 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
3 3 (0.40%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.26%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 6 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
1 6 (0.79%) Oracle Financials
1 6 (0.79%) Unit4 Business World
2 4 (0.53%) Remedy ITSM
3 2 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.13%) FINCAD Analytics
4 1 (0.13%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 223 (29.50%) AWS
2 117 (15.48%) Azure
2 117 (15.48%) GCP
3 50 (6.61%) Serverless
4 44 (5.82%) Amazon S3
5 42 (5.56%) AWS Lambda
6 41 (5.42%) GitHub
7 27 (3.57%) Power Platform
8 26 (3.44%) Amazon EC2
9 21 (2.78%) AWS CloudFormation
10 19 (2.51%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 16 (2.12%) Azure Data Factory
11 16 (2.12%) Cloud Computing
12 14 (1.85%) Azure Machine Learning
13 13 (1.72%) Amazon EMR
14 11 (1.46%) Amazon Kinesis
14 11 (1.46%) Datadog
14 11 (1.46%) Route 53
15 10 (1.32%) Amazon ECS
15 10 (1.32%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 19 (2.51%) Firewall
2 12 (1.59%) Internet
3 11 (1.46%) VPN
4 8 (1.06%) HTTP
4 8 (1.06%) Network Security
5 6 (0.79%) DNS
5 6 (0.79%) WAN
6 5 (0.66%) BGP
6 5 (0.66%) Intrusion Detection
6 5 (0.66%) Remote Desktop
7 4 (0.53%) LAN
7 4 (0.53%) TCP/IP
7 4 (0.53%) Wireless
8 3 (0.40%) Cisco IOS
8 3 (0.40%) Cisco Nexus
8 3 (0.40%) DHCP
8 3 (0.40%) NX-OS
8 3 (0.40%) OSPF
8 3 (0.40%) Wireshark
9 2 (0.26%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 78 (10.32%) Big Data
2 75 (9.92%) Hadoop
3 69 (9.13%) PostgreSQL
4 48 (6.35%) Data Warehouse
5 45 (5.95%) MySQL
6 38 (5.03%) SQL Server
7 35 (4.63%) NoSQL
8 33 (4.37%) Apache Hive
9 30 (3.97%) MongoDB
9 30 (3.97%) Relational Database
10 24 (3.17%) BigQuery
10 24 (3.17%) Power BI
11 22 (2.91%) Amazon Redshift
12 21 (2.78%) Data Lake
13 20 (2.65%) Azure SQL Database
14 16 (2.12%) HBase
15 15 (1.98%) Spark SQL
16 14 (1.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 13 (1.72%) Apache Cassandra
17 13 (1.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 102 (13.49%) Jenkins
2 99 (13.10%) Git (software)
3 50 (6.61%) JIRA
4 30 (3.97%) Maven
5 26 (3.44%) TeamCity
6 17 (2.25%) CircleCI
7 15 (1.98%) Sonatype Nexus
8 13 (1.72%) Selenium
8 13 (1.72%) Travis CI
9 12 (1.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 12 (1.59%) Subversion
10 10 (1.32%) Cucumber
11 9 (1.19%) GitLab
12 8 (1.06%) Eclipse
12 8 (1.06%) Visual Studio
13 7 (0.93%) CruiseControl
14 6 (0.79%) Mocha
15 5 (0.66%) Gradle
15 5 (0.66%) RStudio
16 4 (0.53%) SonarQube
General
1 192 (25.40%) Finance
2 87 (11.51%) Banking
3 53 (7.01%) Front Office
4 33 (4.37%) Investment Banking
5 17 (2.25%) Advertising
5 17 (2.25%) Retail
6 15 (1.98%) Financial Institution
6 15 (1.98%) Marketing
7 14 (1.85%) Games
8 13 (1.72%) Publishing
9 12 (1.59%) Law
9 12 (1.59%) Public Sector
10 6 (0.79%) Retail Banking
11 4 (0.53%) Telecoms
12 2 (0.26%) Electronics
12 2 (0.26%) Legal
13 1 (0.13%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.13%) Back Office
13 1 (0.13%) Corporate Banking
13 1 (0.13%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 291 (38.49%) Developer
2 167 (22.09%) Python Developer
3 101 (13.36%) DevOps Engineer
4 93 (12.30%) Data Engineer
5 69 (9.13%) Python Engineer
6 61 (8.07%) Data Scientist
7 47 (6.22%) Analyst
8 41 (5.42%) AWS Engineer
9 35 (4.63%) Architect
10 34 (4.50%) Senior Developer
11 30 (3.97%) Java Developer
12 27 (3.57%) AWS DevOps
12 27 (3.57%) Cloud Engineer
13 26 (3.44%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 22 (2.91%) Azure Engineer
15 20 (2.65%) Full Stack Developer
16 19 (2.51%) SQL Developer
17 18 (2.38%) Senior Python Developer
18 17 (2.25%) Data Analyst
19 16 (2.12%) Python/Django Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 80 (10.58%) Kafka
2 50 (6.61%) Flask
3 49 (6.48%) Node.js
4 48 (6.35%) Django
5 47 (6.22%) Web Services
6 44 (5.82%) .NET
7 43 (5.69%) Natural Language Processing
8 40 (5.29%) React
9 36 (4.76%) RESTful
10 35 (4.63%) AngularJS
11 32 (4.23%) REST
12 31 (4.10%) HTML
13 30 (3.97%) Spring
14 29 (3.84%) JSON
15 27 (3.57%) PySpark
16 25 (3.31%) CSS
17 23 (3.04%) NumPy
17 23 (3.04%) Pandas
18 16 (2.12%) scikit-learn
19 14 (1.85%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 67 (8.86%) Greenfield Project
2 49 (6.48%) Algorithms
3 40 (5.29%) Analytical Skills
4 24 (3.17%) Data Structures
4 24 (3.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 17 (2.25%) Public Cloud
6 16 (2.12%) Equities
7 15 (1.98%) Self-Motivation
7 15 (1.98%) User Experience
8 14 (1.85%) Derivative
9 13 (1.72%) Linux Command Line
9 13 (1.72%) Market Risk
10 10 (1.32%) Hedge funds
11 9 (1.19%) Management Information System
12 8 (1.06%) Credit Risk
13 7 (0.93%) Cloud Native
13 7 (0.93%) Fixed Income
13 7 (0.93%) iPad
14 6 (0.79%) Reinsurance
15 5 (0.66%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 147 (19.44%) Linux
2 45 (5.95%) Unix
3 41 (5.42%) Windows
4 30 (3.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (1.85%) Ubuntu
6 9 (1.19%) Debian
6 9 (1.19%) Windows Server
7 8 (1.06%) Mac OS X
8 7 (0.93%) CentOS
9 6 (0.79%) openSUSE
10 5 (0.66%) Android
11 4 (0.53%) Apple iOS
12 2 (0.26%) Solaris
12 2 (0.26%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 2 (0.26%) VMS
13 1 (0.13%) CoreOS
13 1 (0.13%) FreeBSD
13 1 (0.13%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 214 (28.31%) Agile Software Development
2 169 (22.35%) DevOps
3 138 (18.25%) Data Science
4 112 (14.81%) Machine Learning
5 104 (13.76%) Analytics
6 103 (13.62%) Microservices
7 80 (10.58%) Continuous Integration
8 77 (10.19%) ETL
9 68 (8.99%) TDD
10 66 (8.73%) Artificial Intelligence
11 63 (8.33%) Business Intelligence
12 59 (7.80%) Open Source
13 56 (7.41%) Data Modelling
14 54 (7.14%) Configuration Management
15 50 (6.61%) Test Automation
16 46 (6.08%) Software Engineering
17 45 (5.95%) Mathematics
18 44 (5.82%) Continuous Delivery
19 43 (5.69%) Fintech
20 40 (5.29%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 258 (34.13%) Java
2 205 (27.12%) SQL
3 101 (13.36%) JavaScript
4 90 (11.90%) C++
5 85 (11.24%) Ruby
6 78 (10.32%) Scala
7 77 (10.19%) Bash Shell
8 72 (9.52%) Go
9 58 (7.67%) R
10 54 (7.14%) C#
11 43 (5.69%) Perl
12 31 (4.10%) PowerShell
13 21 (2.78%) PHP
14 15 (1.98%) Groovy
14 15 (1.98%) VBA
15 13 (1.72%) T-SQL
16 12 (1.59%) C
16 12 (1.59%) ES6
16 12 (1.59%) Shell Script
17 8 (1.06%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 56 (7.41%) Degree
2 32 (4.23%) Security Cleared
3 26 (3.44%) PhD
4 19 (2.51%) SC Cleared
5 14 (1.85%) AWS Certification
6 13 (1.72%) Numerate Degree
7 12 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
8 9 (1.19%) RHCE
9 4 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
9 4 (0.53%) CISSP
9 4 (0.53%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.26%) CCNP
10 2 (0.26%) CFA
10 2 (0.26%) ISEB
10 2 (0.26%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.26%) Master's Degree
10 2 (0.26%) SANS
11 1 (0.13%) CHECK Team Member
11 1 (0.13%) OSCP
11 1 (0.13%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (2.25%) QA
2 11 (1.46%) NIST
3 9 (1.19%) Data Quality
4 8 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 6 (0.79%) COBIT
6 4 (0.53%) EMIR
6 4 (0.53%) MiFID
7 2 (0.26%) Basel III
7 2 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 2 (0.26%) NIST 800
7 2 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.26%) SLA
8 1 (0.13%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.13%) PMO
System Software
1 150 (19.84%) Docker
2 13 (1.72%) HDFS
3 8 (1.06%) Active Directory
3 8 (1.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 3 (0.40%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.40%) KVM
6 2 (0.26%) ProxySG
6 2 (0.26%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 2 (0.26%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 2 (0.26%) Xen
7 1 (0.13%) etcd
7 1 (0.13%) Samba
7 1 (0.13%) Varnish
7 1 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.13%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.13%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 110 (14.55%) Kubernetes
2 76 (10.05%) Ansible
2 76 (10.05%) Terraform
3 45 (5.95%) Puppet
4 40 (5.29%) Opscode Chef
5 17 (2.25%) Hadoop YARN
6 9 (1.19%) Docker Swarm
6 9 (1.19%) Suricata
7 7 (0.93%) Grafana
7 7 (0.93%) Nagios
7 7 (0.93%) Nessus
8 6 (0.79%) Mesos
8 6 (0.79%) Prometheus
8 6 (0.79%) Rancher
9 5 (0.66%) HP Fortify
9 5 (0.66%) Kibana
9 5 (0.66%) Marathon
9 5 (0.66%) Salt
10 4 (0.53%) ITRS Geneos
10 4 (0.53%) Packer
Vendors
1 94 (12.43%) Google
2 43 (5.69%) Microsoft
3 39 (5.16%) Oracle
4 29 (3.84%) Tableau
5 25 (3.31%) Red Hat
5 25 (3.31%) Splunk
6 16 (2.12%) ServiceNow
7 14 (1.85%) Qualys
8 11 (1.46%) Cloudera
9 10 (1.32%) Adobe
9 10 (1.32%) VMware
10 8 (1.06%) Atlassian
10 8 (1.06%) Databricks
11 7 (0.93%) Bloomberg
11 7 (0.93%) Facebook
11 7 (0.93%) Hortonworks
11 7 (0.93%) IBM
11 7 (0.93%) Teradata
12 6 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
12 6 (0.79%) SaltStack