Period
to 18 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 18 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 13 14 21
Rank change year-on-year +1 +7 +13
Contract jobs citing Python 732 727 513
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 11.01% 10.27% 7.96%
As % of the Programming Languages category 22.07% 19.31% 15.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 554 574 405
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.33% +11.98%
10th Percentile £425 £425 £369
90th Percentile £704 £725 £688
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +10.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 3 0
City of London median hourly rate £35.00 £13.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +169.23% - -
Central London median hourly rate £39.78 £13.00 £35.50
% change year-on-year +206.02% -63.38% -26.44%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,317 3,765 3,236
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 49.87% 53.16% 50.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,703 3,146 2,610
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £406 £363 £338
90th Percentile £675 £700 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +10.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 21 12
City of London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £22.99
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% -6.49% +21.01%
10th Percentile £21.00 £12.50 £13.31
90th Percentile £56.50 £38.47 £36.73
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £24.49
% change year-on-year +62.79% -12.19% +28.87%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -1 72 £525 -
Moorgate 0 11 £575 +27.78%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 273 (37.30%) Amazon AWS
2 241 (32.92%) Finance
3 227 (31.01%) Agile Software Development
4 217 (29.64%) Java
4 217 (29.64%) SQL
5 178 (24.32%) Linux
6 174 (23.77%) Data Science
7 171 (23.36%) DevOps
8 160 (21.86%) Docker
9 158 (21.58%) Apache Spark
10 147 (20.08%) Microsoft Azure
11 138 (18.85%) Big Data
12 131 (17.90%) Google Cloud Platform
13 127 (17.35%) Google
14 122 (16.67%) Git (software)
15 107 (14.62%) Machine Learning
16 97 (13.25%) Analytics
17 96 (13.11%) Jenkins
18 95 (12.98%) Ansible
19 91 (12.43%) JavaScript
20 90 (12.30%) Hadoop
21 89 (12.16%) Kubernetes
22 88 (12.02%) Microservices
22 88 (12.02%) Scala
23 87 (11.89%) PySpark
24 85 (11.61%) Bash Shell
25 81 (11.07%) Kafka
26 77 (10.52%) Banking
27 71 (9.70%) TDD
28 69 (9.43%) Apache

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 158 (21.58%) Apache Spark
2 69 (9.43%) Apache
3 62 (8.47%) Apache Airflow
4 49 (6.69%) Elasticsearch
5 32 (4.37%) Confluence
6 16 (2.19%) nginx
7 8 (1.09%) Jupyter
7 8 (1.09%) SAS
8 7 (0.96%) IPython
9 6 (0.82%) IIS
10 5 (0.68%) SharePoint
10 5 (0.68%) WebLogic
11 4 (0.55%) Tomcat
12 3 (0.41%) Apache Pig
12 3 (0.41%) ArcGIS
12 3 (0.41%) GeoServer
12 3 (0.41%) Jetty
12 3 (0.41%) WebLogic Integration
13 2 (0.27%) Luigi
13 2 (0.27%) OpenStack
Applications
1 16 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.68%) Spreadsheet
3 4 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.27%) SPSS
5 1 (0.14%) Stata
Business Applications
1 4 (0.55%) Distributed Ledger
1 4 (0.55%) Remedy ITSM
2 3 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.41%) Oracle Financials
2 3 (0.41%) Unit4 Business World
3 2 (0.27%) SAP ERP
3 2 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.14%) CA PPM
4 1 (0.14%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 273 (37.30%) Amazon AWS
2 147 (20.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 131 (17.90%) Google Cloud Platform
4 46 (6.28%) Amazon S3
5 45 (6.15%) Serverless
6 44 (6.01%) GitHub
7 43 (5.87%) AWS Lambda
8 31 (4.23%) Amazon EC2
8 31 (4.23%) Power Platform
9 27 (3.69%) AWS CloudFormation
10 22 (3.01%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 19 (2.60%) Amazon ECS
11 19 (2.60%) Amazon EMR
12 17 (2.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 15 (2.05%) Datadog
13 15 (2.05%) PaaS
14 13 (1.78%) Amazon Kinesis
15 12 (1.64%) Route 53
16 10 (1.37%) Amazon SageMaker
16 10 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 21 (2.87%) Firewall
2 11 (1.50%) BGP
2 11 (1.50%) HTTP
3 10 (1.37%) TCP/IP
3 10 (1.37%) WAN
4 9 (1.23%) OSPF
4 9 (1.23%) Wireless
5 8 (1.09%) Cisco Nexus
5 8 (1.09%) LAN
5 8 (1.09%) VPN
5 8 (1.09%) Wireshark
6 7 (0.96%) Multicast
6 7 (0.96%) Network Security
7 6 (0.82%) DNS
7 6 (0.82%) Internet
8 5 (0.68%) Cisco ASA
9 4 (0.55%) Cisco Wireless
9 4 (0.55%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
9 4 (0.55%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 4 (0.55%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 138 (18.85%) Big Data
2 90 (12.30%) Hadoop
3 65 (8.88%) PostgreSQL
4 51 (6.97%) MySQL
5 46 (6.28%) Apache Hive
6 44 (6.01%) Data Warehouse
6 44 (6.01%) NoSQL
6 44 (6.01%) Relational Database
6 44 (6.01%) SQL Server
7 38 (5.19%) MongoDB
8 29 (3.96%) HBase
8 29 (3.96%) Power BI
9 21 (2.87%) Data Lake
10 20 (2.73%) Amazon RDS
10 20 (2.73%) Amazon Redshift
11 18 (2.46%) BigQuery
12 15 (2.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 15 (2.05%) Impala
13 13 (1.78%) Azure SQL Database
13 13 (1.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 122 (16.67%) Git (software)
2 96 (13.11%) Jenkins
3 59 (8.06%) JIRA
4 21 (2.87%) Maven
4 21 (2.87%) Sonatype Nexus
5 17 (2.32%) Selenium
6 14 (1.91%) Subversion
7 12 (1.64%) Cucumber
8 10 (1.37%) Gatling
8 10 (1.37%) Travis CI
9 9 (1.23%) CircleCI
9 9 (1.23%) TeamCity
10 6 (0.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 6 (0.82%) Gradle
10 6 (0.82%) Hudson
10 6 (0.82%) JMeter
10 6 (0.82%) Mocha
11 5 (0.68%) Ant
11 5 (0.68%) Eclipse
11 5 (0.68%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 241 (32.92%) Finance
2 77 (10.52%) Banking
3 41 (5.60%) Retail
4 36 (4.92%) Front Office
5 21 (2.87%) Investment Banking
6 16 (2.19%) Financial Institution
7 11 (1.50%) Retail Banking
8 10 (1.37%) Games
8 10 (1.37%) Publishing
9 9 (1.23%) Advertising
9 9 (1.23%) Marketing
10 6 (0.82%) Law
11 4 (0.55%) Back Office
12 2 (0.27%) Electronics
12 2 (0.27%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.27%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.14%) Billing
13 1 (0.14%) French Language
13 1 (0.14%) German Language
13 1 (0.14%) Italian Language
Job Titles
1 249 (34.02%) Developer
2 149 (20.36%) Python Developer
3 135 (18.44%) Data Engineer
4 122 (16.67%) Python Engineer
5 92 (12.57%) DevOps Engineer
6 56 (7.65%) Big Data Engineer
7 52 (7.10%) Data Scientist
8 35 (4.78%) AWS Engineer
9 34 (4.64%) Architect
10 32 (4.37%) Analyst
11 30 (4.10%) AWS DevOps
11 30 (4.10%) Cloud Engineer
12 24 (3.28%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 24 (3.28%) Java Developer
13 22 (3.01%) Senior Developer
14 18 (2.46%) Senior DevOps
14 18 (2.46%) SQL Developer
15 17 (2.32%) Software Engineer
16 16 (2.19%) Network Engineer
16 16 (2.19%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (11.89%) PySpark
2 81 (11.07%) Kafka
3 56 (7.65%) Node.js
4 51 (6.97%) Flask
5 49 (6.69%) Django
6 47 (6.42%) RESTful
7 43 (5.87%) HTML
7 43 (5.87%) Web Services
8 41 (5.60%) NumPy
8 41 (5.60%) Pandas
9 40 (5.46%) REST
10 38 (5.19%) Spring
11 37 (5.05%) JSON
12 30 (4.10%) Natural Language Processing
13 27 (3.69%) CSS
13 27 (3.69%) React
14 23 (3.14%) .NET
15 21 (2.87%) scikit-learn
16 16 (2.19%) TensorFlow
17 15 (2.05%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 55 (7.51%) Algorithms
2 51 (6.97%) Analytical Skills
3 39 (5.33%) Data Structures
3 39 (5.33%) Greenfield Project
4 22 (3.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 19 (2.60%) Linux Command Line
6 17 (2.32%) Hedge funds
7 14 (1.91%) Cloud Native
8 11 (1.50%) Data Centre
8 11 (1.50%) Derivative
8 11 (1.50%) Public Cloud
9 10 (1.37%) Self-Motivation
9 10 (1.37%) User Experience
10 9 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
11 8 (1.09%) Client/Server
11 8 (1.09%) Social Media
12 6 (0.82%) Management Information System
12 6 (0.82%) Mobile App
12 6 (0.82%) PKI
13 5 (0.68%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 178 (24.32%) Linux
2 64 (8.74%) Unix
3 47 (6.42%) Windows
4 31 (4.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 14 (1.91%) Ubuntu
5 14 (1.91%) Windows Server
6 10 (1.37%) CentOS
6 10 (1.37%) Debian
6 10 (1.37%) Mac OS X
7 8 (1.09%) Solaris
8 6 (0.82%) Android
8 6 (0.82%) openSUSE
9 5 (0.68%) Apple iOS
10 2 (0.27%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 2 (0.27%) VMS
11 1 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
11 1 (0.14%) Fedora
11 1 (0.14%) FreeBSD
11 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
11 1 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 227 (31.01%) Agile Software Development
2 174 (23.77%) Data Science
3 171 (23.36%) DevOps
4 107 (14.62%) Machine Learning
5 97 (13.25%) Analytics
6 88 (12.02%) Microservices
7 71 (9.70%) TDD
8 69 (9.43%) Mentoring
9 68 (9.29%) Continuous Integration
10 67 (9.15%) Test Automation
11 66 (9.02%) Artificial Intelligence
12 63 (8.61%) Data Engineering
13 54 (7.38%) Configuration Management
13 54 (7.38%) Fintech
14 53 (7.24%) Data Modelling
15 52 (7.10%) Coaching
15 52 (7.10%) ETL
16 51 (6.97%) Data Cleansing
17 50 (6.83%) Open Source
18 48 (6.56%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 217 (29.64%) Java
1 217 (29.64%) SQL
2 91 (12.43%) JavaScript
3 88 (12.02%) Scala
4 85 (11.61%) Bash Shell
5 67 (9.15%) C++
6 61 (8.33%) Ruby
7 51 (6.97%) R
8 47 (6.42%) Go
8 47 (6.42%) Perl
9 43 (5.87%) PowerShell
10 38 (5.19%) C#
11 31 (4.23%) PHP
12 23 (3.14%) Shell Script
13 14 (1.91%) C
13 14 (1.91%) T-SQL
14 13 (1.78%) Kotlin
15 12 (1.64%) ES6
15 12 (1.64%) Java 8
16 11 (1.50%) VBA
Qualifications
1 48 (6.56%) Degree
2 26 (3.55%) Security Cleared
3 25 (3.42%) PhD
4 22 (3.01%) SC Cleared
5 16 (2.19%) Computer Science Degree
6 11 (1.50%) AWS Certification
7 10 (1.37%) Numerate Degree
8 9 (1.23%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (0.82%) Master's Degree
9 6 (0.82%) RHCE
10 5 (0.68%) CCIE
11 3 (0.41%) CHECK Team Member
12 2 (0.27%) CCNP
12 2 (0.27%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.27%) JNCIP
12 2 (0.27%) Postgraduate
13 1 (0.14%) CEH
13 1 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.14%) JNCIE
13 1 (0.14%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (2.73%) Data Quality
2 15 (2.05%) QA
3 6 (0.82%) COBIT
3 6 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (0.82%) NIST
4 2 (0.27%) GDPR
5 1 (0.14%) Basel III
5 1 (0.14%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.14%) MiFID
5 1 (0.14%) PMO
System Software
1 160 (21.86%) Docker
2 19 (2.60%) HDFS
3 7 (0.96%) Apache Flume
3 7 (0.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.68%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.68%) Hyper-V
5 3 (0.41%) etcd
5 3 (0.41%) KVM
5 3 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 2 (0.27%) ProxySG
6 2 (0.27%) Samba
6 2 (0.27%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 2 (0.27%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 2 (0.27%) Xen
7 1 (0.14%) Varnish
7 1 (0.14%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.14%) vSphere
7 1 (0.14%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 95 (12.98%) Ansible
2 89 (12.16%) Kubernetes
3 59 (8.06%) Terraform
4 37 (5.05%) Puppet
5 36 (4.92%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (3.42%) Hadoop YARN
7 16 (2.19%) Mesos
8 15 (2.05%) Kibana
9 14 (1.91%) Marathon
10 8 (1.09%) Grafana
10 8 (1.09%) Nagios
11 7 (0.96%) logstash
11 7 (0.96%) Nessus
12 6 (0.82%) Consul
12 6 (0.82%) Packer
12 6 (0.82%) Prometheus
12 6 (0.82%) Salt
12 6 (0.82%) ZABBIX
13 5 (0.68%) HP Fortify
13 5 (0.68%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 127 (17.35%) Google
2 45 (6.15%) Splunk
3 40 (5.46%) Microsoft
4 32 (4.37%) Oracle
5 28 (3.83%) Tableau
6 20 (2.73%) Red Hat
7 12 (1.64%) Cisco
7 12 (1.64%) ServiceNow
8 11 (1.50%) VMware
9 10 (1.37%) Atlassian
9 10 (1.37%) Cloudera
10 9 (1.23%) Adobe
11 8 (1.09%) F5
11 8 (1.09%) Fortinet
11 8 (1.09%) Qualys
12 7 (0.96%) Perforce
12 7 (0.96%) Sybase
13 6 (0.82%) HP
13 6 (0.82%) IBM
13 6 (0.82%) Salesforce.com