Period
to 16 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 16 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
16 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 13 20 20
Rank change year-on-year +7 0 +25
Contract jobs citing Python 749 546 524
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 10.68% 7.97% 7.90%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.94% 15.42% 15.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 598 444 421
City of London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £416 £375
90th Percentile £713 £725 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £500
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 0 1
City of London median hourly rate £13.75 - £80.00
10th Percentile £12.58 - £75.00
90th Percentile £15.53 - £85.00
Central London median hourly rate £13.75 £35.50 £80.00
% change year-on-year -61.27% -55.63% +172.11%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,756 3,542 3,308
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 53.58% 51.69% 49.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,124 2,873 2,791
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% -
10th Percentile £375 £363 £319
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £471
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.27% +1.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 11 12
City of London median hourly rate £22.00 £21.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.33% -21.82% +15.79%
10th Percentile £12.65 £13.30 £16.66
90th Percentile £58.44 £30.00 £56.68
Central London median hourly rate £22.00 £21.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year +2.33% -21.82% +15.79%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 16 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +3 60 £525 -
Moorgate -10 2 £475 -17.39%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 16 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 306 (40.85%) Agile Software Development
2 240 (32.04%) Amazon AWS
3 239 (31.91%) DevOps
4 237 (31.64%) Finance
5 214 (28.57%) Java
6 189 (25.23%) Docker
7 170 (22.70%) Jenkins
8 148 (19.76%) Linux
9 147 (19.63%) SQL
10 140 (18.69%) Bash Shell
11 139 (18.56%) Banking
12 136 (18.16%) Ansible
13 120 (16.02%) Ruby
14 112 (14.95%) Apache Spark
15 107 (14.29%) TDD
16 106 (14.15%) Continuous Integration
17 104 (13.89%) Data Science
18 103 (13.75%) Kubernetes
18 103 (13.75%) Terraform
19 99 (13.22%) Git (software)
20 98 (13.08%) Hadoop
21 97 (12.95%) Test Automation
22 95 (12.68%) Big Data
23 85 (11.35%) Machine Learning
24 82 (10.95%) JavaScript
25 81 (10.81%) Kafka
26 78 (10.41%) Scala
26 78 (10.41%) Scrum
27 77 (10.28%) Configuration Management
27 77 (10.28%) Go

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (14.95%) Apache Spark
2 65 (8.68%) Elasticsearch
3 27 (3.60%) Cloud Foundry
4 24 (3.20%) Apache
5 17 (2.27%) Apache Airflow
6 15 (2.00%) Confluence
7 11 (1.47%) SAS
8 9 (1.20%) Apache Pig
9 8 (1.07%) Tomcat
10 7 (0.93%) Jupyter
11 6 (0.80%) Apache Solr
11 6 (0.80%) nginx
12 4 (0.53%) IIS
13 3 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 3 (0.40%) Gunicorn
13 3 (0.40%) Luigi
14 2 (0.27%) CMS
14 2 (0.27%) Ethereum
14 2 (0.27%) OpenStack
14 2 (0.27%) SharePoint
Applications
1 43 (5.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.87%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.27%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (0.27%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
1 2 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
1 2 (0.27%) ReMetrica
1 2 (0.27%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.13%) FastStats
2 1 (0.13%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 240 (32.04%) Amazon AWS
2 65 (8.68%) GitHub
3 63 (8.41%) Google Cloud Platform
4 55 (7.34%) Microsoft Azure
5 41 (5.47%) Amazon S3
6 31 (4.14%) AWS Lambda
6 31 (4.14%) Serverless
7 29 (3.87%) Amazon EC2
8 21 (2.80%) IBM Cloud
9 20 (2.67%) npm
9 20 (2.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 19 (2.54%) SaaS
11 17 (2.27%) AWS CloudFormation
12 16 (2.14%) Heroku
13 15 (2.00%) IaaS
14 13 (1.74%) PaaS
15 12 (1.60%) Amazon EMR
16 9 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
17 8 (1.07%) Amazon Kinesis
18 7 (0.93%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 15 (2.00%) SSL
2 13 (1.74%) DNS
2 13 (1.74%) Firewall
3 9 (1.20%) HTTP
3 9 (1.20%) TCP/IP
3 9 (1.20%) VPN
4 8 (1.07%) DHCP
4 8 (1.07%) Internet
5 6 (0.80%) AMQP
5 6 (0.80%) BGP
5 6 (0.80%) Junos
5 6 (0.80%) WAN
6 5 (0.67%) Cisco ASA
6 5 (0.67%) LAN
6 5 (0.67%) MPLS
6 5 (0.67%) OSPF
7 4 (0.53%) Cisco Nexus
7 4 (0.53%) MQTT
7 4 (0.53%) Network Security
7 4 (0.53%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 98 (13.08%) Hadoop
2 95 (12.68%) Big Data
3 62 (8.28%) MongoDB
4 57 (7.61%) NoSQL
5 50 (6.68%) Apache Hive
6 47 (6.28%) PostgreSQL
7 43 (5.74%) SQL Server
8 35 (4.67%) Relational Database
9 28 (3.74%) MySQL
10 26 (3.47%) Apache Cassandra
11 25 (3.34%) Data Mining
12 24 (3.20%) Amazon Redshift
12 24 (3.20%) Sqoop
13 23 (3.07%) Impala
14 21 (2.80%) HBase
15 17 (2.27%) Power BI
16 16 (2.14%) Redis
17 15 (2.00%) Blockchain
18 14 (1.87%) Data Warehouse
19 13 (1.74%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 170 (22.70%) Jenkins
2 99 (13.22%) Git (software)
3 51 (6.81%) Selenium
4 47 (6.28%) Maven
5 41 (5.47%) JIRA
6 31 (4.14%) Sonatype Nexus
7 30 (4.01%) GitLab
8 22 (2.94%) Cucumber
9 20 (2.67%) Ant
10 19 (2.54%) SonarQube
11 17 (2.27%) Gerrit
12 14 (1.87%) Gradle
13 9 (1.20%) Bitbucket
14 8 (1.07%) Robot Framework
14 8 (1.07%) Subversion
14 8 (1.07%) TeamCity
15 7 (0.93%) Vagrant
16 6 (0.80%) Artifactory
16 6 (0.80%) Travis CI
16 6 (0.80%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 237 (31.64%) Finance
2 139 (18.56%) Banking
3 48 (6.41%) Front Office
4 25 (3.34%) Investment Banking
5 21 (2.80%) Marketing
6 16 (2.14%) Retail
7 12 (1.60%) Publishing
7 12 (1.60%) Telecoms
8 9 (1.20%) Advertising
8 9 (1.20%) Financial Institution
9 8 (1.07%) Back Office
10 6 (0.80%) Retail Banking
11 5 (0.67%) Games
12 2 (0.27%) Prime Brokerage
13 1 (0.13%) Automotive
13 1 (0.13%) Corporate Banking
13 1 (0.13%) Digital Economy
13 1 (0.13%) Electronics
13 1 (0.13%) Law
13 1 (0.13%) Legal
Job Titles
1 273 (36.45%) Developer
2 174 (23.23%) DevOps Engineer
3 169 (22.56%) Python Developer
4 71 (9.48%) Data Engineer
5 61 (8.14%) Senior DevOps
6 59 (7.88%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 51 (6.81%) Python Engineer
8 50 (6.68%) Senior Developer
9 49 (6.54%) Data Scientist
10 48 (6.41%) AWS Engineer
11 42 (5.61%) AWS DevOps
12 39 (5.21%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 37 (4.94%) Analyst
14 35 (4.67%) Kubernetes Engineer
15 27 (3.60%) Java Developer
16 26 (3.47%) Senior Python Developer
17 23 (3.07%) Architect
18 22 (2.94%) Apache Spark Developer
18 22 (2.94%) Elasticsearch Developer
19 18 (2.40%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (10.81%) Kafka
2 72 (9.61%) Node.js
3 71 (9.48%) Pandas
4 67 (8.95%) NumPy
5 44 (5.87%) PySpark
6 40 (5.34%) Django
7 39 (5.21%) REST
8 35 (4.67%) React
9 26 (3.47%) HTML
9 26 (3.47%) JSON
10 20 (2.67%) .NET
10 20 (2.67%) CSS
10 20 (2.67%) Elastic Stack
10 20 (2.67%) TensorFlow
11 19 (2.54%) OAuth
11 19 (2.54%) Web Services
12 18 (2.40%) scikit-learn
13 16 (2.14%) Flask
13 16 (2.14%) RabbitMQ
13 16 (2.14%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 49 (6.54%) Algorithms
2 47 (6.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 45 (6.01%) Greenfield Project
4 40 (5.34%) Analytical Skills
5 36 (4.81%) iPad
6 35 (4.67%) Fintech
7 34 (4.54%) Computer Science
8 27 (3.60%) Derivative
9 25 (3.34%) Linux Command Line
10 22 (2.94%) Equities
10 22 (2.94%) Fixed Income
11 20 (2.67%) Device Driver
12 18 (2.40%) Mobile App
13 16 (2.14%) User Experience
14 13 (1.74%) Data Centre
14 13 (1.74%) Wiki
15 12 (1.60%) Data Structures
16 11 (1.47%) Robotics
17 9 (1.20%) Self-Motivation
17 9 (1.20%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 148 (19.76%) Linux
2 72 (9.61%) Unix
3 39 (5.21%) Windows
4 31 (4.14%) Ubuntu
5 25 (3.34%) CentOS
6 14 (1.87%) Apple iOS
6 14 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (1.87%) Windows Server
7 13 (1.74%) Android
8 3 (0.40%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.40%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.27%) DC/OS
9 2 (0.27%) Debian
9 2 (0.27%) Solaris
9 2 (0.27%) VMS
9 2 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
9 2 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.13%) SUSE
10 1 (0.13%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 306 (40.85%) Agile Software Development
2 239 (31.91%) DevOps
3 107 (14.29%) TDD
4 106 (14.15%) Continuous Integration
5 104 (13.89%) Data Science
6 97 (12.95%) Test Automation
7 85 (11.35%) Machine Learning
8 78 (10.41%) Scrum
9 77 (10.28%) Configuration Management
10 70 (9.35%) Analytics
11 65 (8.68%) Software Engineering
12 64 (8.54%) Problem-Solving
13 61 (8.14%) Artificial Intelligence
14 59 (7.88%) ETL
15 58 (7.74%) Open Source
16 56 (7.48%) BDD
17 53 (7.08%) E-Commerce
18 44 (5.87%) Continuous Delivery
19 43 (5.74%) Microservices
20 40 (5.34%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 214 (28.57%) Java
2 147 (19.63%) SQL
3 140 (18.69%) Bash Shell
4 120 (16.02%) Ruby
5 82 (10.95%) JavaScript
6 78 (10.41%) Scala
7 77 (10.28%) Go
8 67 (8.95%) R
9 57 (7.61%) C++
10 51 (6.81%) C#
10 51 (6.81%) Perl
11 35 (4.67%) Groovy
12 32 (4.27%) PowerShell
13 30 (4.01%) Shell Script
14 26 (3.47%) VBA
15 22 (2.94%) C
15 22 (2.94%) MATLAB
16 18 (2.40%) Korn
17 14 (1.87%) Java 8
18 13 (1.74%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 44 (5.87%) Degree
2 21 (2.80%) PhD
3 10 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (1.07%) Security Cleared
5 7 (0.93%) Numerate Degree
5 7 (0.93%) SC Cleared
6 6 (0.80%) AWS Certification
7 4 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
7 4 (0.53%) CISM
7 4 (0.53%) CISSP
8 2 (0.27%) CEH
8 2 (0.27%) CISA
8 2 (0.27%) CISMP
8 2 (0.27%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
8 2 (0.27%) ISSMP
8 2 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.27%) RHCE
8 2 (0.27%) SANS
9 1 (0.13%) JNCIP
9 1 (0.13%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (4.01%) QA
2 8 (1.07%) Data Quality
3 4 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.40%) SLA
5 2 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27005
5 2 (0.27%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.13%) GDPR
6 1 (0.13%) IFRS
6 1 (0.13%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.13%) MiFID
System Software
1 189 (25.23%) Docker
2 21 (2.80%) HDFS
3 11 (1.47%) Apache Flume
4 6 (0.80%) VirtualBox
5 5 (0.67%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
6 3 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.27%) OpenAM
7 2 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.27%) ProxySG
7 2 (0.27%) Varnish
8 1 (0.13%) etcd
8 1 (0.13%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.13%) KVM
8 1 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
8 1 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
8 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.13%) Xen
8 1 (0.13%) XenApp
8 1 (0.13%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 136 (18.16%) Ansible
2 103 (13.75%) Kubernetes
2 103 (13.75%) Terraform
3 75 (10.01%) Puppet
4 52 (6.94%) Opscode Chef
5 38 (5.07%) Prometheus
6 32 (4.27%) Nagios
7 31 (4.14%) Grafana
8 28 (3.74%) Consul
9 26 (3.47%) Hadoop YARN
9 26 (3.47%) Packer
10 24 (3.20%) Mesos
11 21 (2.80%) Icinga
12 14 (1.87%) Kibana
13 9 (1.20%) logstash
14 7 (0.93%) Docker Swarm
14 7 (0.93%) Salt
14 7 (0.93%) ZABBIX
15 6 (0.80%) Oozie
15 6 (0.80%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 75 (10.01%) Google
2 58 (7.74%) Splunk
3 40 (5.34%) Oracle
4 30 (4.01%) Tableau
5 29 (3.87%) Red Hat
6 27 (3.60%) IBM
7 22 (2.94%) Microsoft
8 21 (2.80%) Cloudera
9 16 (2.14%) New Relic
10 9 (1.20%) Hortonworks
11 8 (1.07%) Cisco
12 7 (0.93%) Alteryx
12 7 (0.93%) Apigee
12 7 (0.93%) Citrix
12 7 (0.93%) Juniper
12 7 (0.93%) SaltStack
13 6 (0.80%) Atlassian
13 6 (0.80%) Informatica
13 6 (0.80%) VMware
14 5 (0.67%) Bloomberg