Period
to 5 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 5 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
5 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 7 15
Rank change year-on-year -4 +8 +3
Contract jobs citing Python 286 598 699
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 12.60% 12.86% 10.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.91% 26.34% 19.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 248 482 543
Median daily rate £530 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.64% - -
10th Percentile £325 £413 £413
90th Percentile £700 £712 £698
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 6 3
Median hourly rate - £43.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +22.86% +25.00%
Central London median hourly rate £62.50 £38.50 £45.50
% change year-on-year +62.34% -15.38% +62.50%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,148 2,270 3,596
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 50.57% 48.82% 52.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 872 1,825 2,955
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
10th Percentile £363 £376 £400
90th Percentile £715 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 16 8
Median hourly rate £14.00 £43.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -67.44% +22.86% +62.79%
10th Percentile £12.75 £21.00 £18.39
90th Percentile £32.42 £59.38 £46.48
Median hourly rate £18.73 £36.09 £35.00
% change year-on-year -48.11% +3.11% +62.79%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 5 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 5 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +3 7 £600 +14.29%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 5 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 96 (33.57%) AWS
2 89 (31.12%) SQL
3 81 (28.32%) Finance
4 79 (27.62%) Java
5 69 (24.13%) DevOps
6 56 (19.58%) Azure
7 54 (18.88%) Agile Software Development
8 53 (18.53%) Analytics
9 52 (18.18%) Banking
10 48 (16.78%) Linux
11 47 (16.43%) Kubernetes
12 45 (15.73%) Kafka
13 42 (14.69%) Data Science
14 40 (13.99%) Docker
14 40 (13.99%) Machine Learning
15 39 (13.64%) Git (software)
16 38 (13.29%) Jenkins
16 38 (13.29%) Terraform
17 35 (12.24%) C++
18 34 (11.89%) JavaScript
18 34 (11.89%) Big Data
19 30 (10.49%) Analytical Skills
20 29 (10.14%) Front Office
21 28 (9.79%) C#
21 28 (9.79%) GCP
22 27 (9.44%) Data Warehouse
22 27 (9.44%) Ruby
23 25 (8.74%) Bash Shell
23 25 (8.74%) Apache Spark
24 24 (8.39%) Microservices

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (8.74%) Apache Spark
2 16 (5.59%) Apache Airflow
3 14 (4.90%) Elasticsearch
4 8 (2.80%) Apache
5 5 (1.75%) Confluence
5 5 (1.75%) SharePoint
6 4 (1.40%) Jupyter
6 4 (1.40%) Mule
7 3 (1.05%) SAS
8 2 (0.70%) MS Exchange
9 1 (0.35%) Anypoint
9 1 (0.35%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.35%) Appian
9 1 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
9 1 (0.35%) CMS
9 1 (0.35%) nginx
Applications
1 6 (2.10%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.35%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 4 (1.40%) FINCAD Analytics
2 2 (0.70%) IntelliMatch
3 1 (0.35%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 96 (33.57%) AWS
2 56 (19.58%) Azure
3 28 (9.79%) GCP
4 17 (5.94%) Serverless
5 15 (5.24%) GitHub
6 14 (4.90%) AWS Lambda
7 13 (4.55%) Amazon EC2
7 13 (4.55%) Amazon S3
8 11 (3.85%) Power Platform
9 10 (3.50%) Cloud Computing
10 8 (2.80%) Amazon Kinesis
10 8 (2.80%) IaaS
10 8 (2.80%) PaaS
10 8 (2.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 7 (2.45%) Amazon Cognito
12 6 (2.10%) Amazon ECS
12 6 (2.10%) AWS CloudFormation
12 6 (2.10%) Azure Data Factory
13 5 (1.75%) Datadog
14 4 (1.40%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 18 (6.29%) Firewall
2 13 (4.55%) TCP/IP
3 12 (4.20%) HTTP
4 8 (2.80%) BGP
5 7 (2.45%) DNS
5 7 (2.45%) MPLS
6 6 (2.10%) Network Security
7 5 (1.75%) SNMP
8 4 (1.40%) Multicast
8 4 (1.40%) VPN
8 4 (1.40%) WAN
8 4 (1.40%) Wi-Fi
8 4 (1.40%) Wireless
9 3 (1.05%) Cisco ASA
9 3 (1.05%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
9 3 (1.05%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
9 3 (1.05%) OSPF
9 3 (1.05%) SSL
9 3 (1.05%) Unified Communications
10 2 (0.70%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (11.89%) Big Data
2 27 (9.44%) Data Warehouse
3 20 (6.99%) Data Lake
4 18 (6.29%) PostgreSQL
4 18 (6.29%) SQL Server
5 16 (5.59%) NoSQL
6 15 (5.24%) Amazon RDS
7 14 (4.90%) Hadoop
8 12 (4.20%) MySQL
9 11 (3.85%) Power BI
9 11 (3.85%) Snowflake Schema
10 10 (3.50%) Neo4j
10 10 (3.50%) Oracle Database
11 8 (2.80%) Apache Hive
11 8 (2.80%) Parquet
11 8 (2.80%) Relational Database
12 7 (2.45%) Amazon Redshift
12 7 (2.45%) MongoDB
13 6 (2.10%) Oracle Database 12c
13 6 (2.10%) Redis
Development Applications
1 39 (13.64%) Git (software)
2 38 (13.29%) Jenkins
3 12 (4.20%) JIRA
4 7 (2.45%) GitLab
4 7 (2.45%) Maven
4 7 (2.45%) TeamCity
5 5 (1.75%) Bitbucket
6 4 (1.40%) Cucumber
6 4 (1.40%) Gerrit
6 4 (1.40%) GoCD
6 4 (1.40%) MSBuild
6 4 (1.40%) Octopus Deploy
7 3 (1.05%) Gradle
7 3 (1.05%) JUnit
7 3 (1.05%) RStudio
7 3 (1.05%) Sonatype Nexus
8 2 (0.70%) CircleCI
8 2 (0.70%) Gatling
8 2 (0.70%) Grunt
8 2 (0.70%) Postman
General
1 81 (28.32%) Finance
2 52 (18.18%) Banking
3 29 (10.14%) Front Office
4 12 (4.20%) Investment Banking
5 7 (2.45%) Back Office
6 5 (1.75%) Financial Institution
6 5 (1.75%) Public Sector
7 4 (1.40%) Telecoms
8 3 (1.05%) Legal
8 3 (1.05%) Retail
9 2 (0.70%) Advertising
9 2 (0.70%) Law
9 2 (0.70%) Marketing
9 2 (0.70%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.35%) French Language
10 1 (0.35%) Games
10 1 (0.35%) International Banking
10 1 (0.35%) Local Government
10 1 (0.35%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 91 (31.82%) Developer
2 53 (18.53%) Data Engineer
3 43 (15.03%) Python Developer
4 29 (10.14%) Analyst
5 23 (8.04%) AWS Engineer
6 21 (7.34%) DevOps Engineer
7 20 (6.99%) Quantitative Developer
8 16 (5.59%) Data Scientist
8 16 (5.59%) Qualitative Analyst
8 16 (5.59%) Quantitative Analyst
9 11 (3.85%) Cloud Engineer
10 10 (3.50%) Administrator
10 10 (3.50%) Full Stack Developer
11 9 (3.15%) AWS DevOps
11 9 (3.15%) DBA
11 9 (3.15%) Python Engineer
12 8 (2.80%) Azure Engineer
13 7 (2.45%) Java Developer
14 6 (2.10%) Oracle DBA
14 6 (2.10%) Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (15.73%) Kafka
2 17 (5.94%) HTML
2 17 (5.94%) Node.js
3 16 (5.59%) REST
3 16 (5.59%) Web Services
4 14 (4.90%) .NET
4 14 (4.90%) Spring
5 13 (4.55%) React
6 11 (3.85%) Django
7 10 (3.50%) CSS
7 10 (3.50%) Elastic Stack
7 10 (3.50%) XML
8 9 (3.15%) Flask
8 9 (3.15%) PySpark
9 8 (2.80%) AngularJS
9 8 (2.80%) PostGIS
9 8 (2.80%) RESTful
10 7 (2.45%) TensorFlow
11 6 (2.10%) Spring Boot
12 5 (1.75%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 30 (10.49%) Analytical Skills
2 23 (8.04%) Derivative
3 17 (5.94%) Algorithms
3 17 (5.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 14 (4.90%) Data Structures
4 14 (4.90%) Self-Motivation
5 10 (3.50%) Energy Derivatives
6 9 (3.15%) Market Risk
7 8 (2.80%) Cloud Native
7 8 (2.80%) Replication
8 7 (2.45%) Fixed Income
8 7 (2.45%) Management Information System
9 6 (2.10%) Greenfield Project
10 4 (1.40%) Clustering
10 4 (1.40%) Credit Risk
10 4 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
11 3 (1.05%) Blog
11 3 (1.05%) Data Centre
11 3 (1.05%) Public Cloud
11 3 (1.05%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 48 (16.78%) Linux
2 12 (4.20%) Windows
3 11 (3.85%) Unix
4 5 (1.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 5 (1.75%) Windows Server
5 2 (0.70%) CentOS
5 2 (0.70%) OpenWrt
5 2 (0.70%) Ubuntu
5 2 (0.70%) Windows Server 2008
5 2 (0.70%) Windows Server 2012
5 2 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
5 2 (0.70%) Windows Server 2019
6 1 (0.35%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 69 (24.13%) DevOps
2 54 (18.88%) Agile Software Development
3 53 (18.53%) Analytics
4 42 (14.69%) Data Science
5 40 (13.99%) Machine Learning
6 24 (8.39%) Microservices
7 21 (7.34%) Software Engineering
8 20 (6.99%) Continuous Integration
8 20 (6.99%) Test Automation
9 19 (6.64%) Data Analysis
9 19 (6.64%) Infrastructure as Code
9 19 (6.64%) Risk Management
10 18 (6.29%) Configuration Management
11 17 (5.94%) TDD
12 16 (5.59%) High Availability
13 15 (5.24%) Data Engineering
13 15 (5.24%) ETL
14 14 (4.90%) Artificial Intelligence
14 14 (4.90%) Migration
14 14 (4.90%) OO
Programming Languages
1 89 (31.12%) SQL
2 79 (27.62%) Java
3 35 (12.24%) C++
4 34 (11.89%) JavaScript
5 28 (9.79%) C#
6 27 (9.44%) Ruby
7 25 (8.74%) Bash Shell
8 22 (7.69%) Go
9 20 (6.99%) Perl
9 20 (6.99%) R
10 16 (5.59%) PowerShell
11 14 (4.90%) PL/SQL
12 13 (4.55%) Scala
13 11 (3.85%) PHP
14 8 (2.80%) Shell Script
15 5 (1.75%) C
15 5 (1.75%) Groovy
15 5 (1.75%) TypeScript
16 4 (1.40%) Java 8
17 3 (1.05%) VBA
Qualifications
1 23 (8.04%) Security Cleared
2 21 (7.34%) SC Cleared
3 16 (5.59%) Degree
4 10 (3.50%) PhD
5 6 (2.10%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (1.75%) AWS Certification
6 5 (1.75%) CCNA
7 3 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (1.05%) Computer Science Degree
7 3 (1.05%) DBS Check
8 2 (0.70%) CCNP
8 2 (0.70%) MCSE
8 2 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.35%) CCIE
9 1 (0.35%) CompTIA Security+
9 1 (0.35%) GCFA
9 1 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (3.15%) QA
2 5 (1.75%) GDPR
3 2 (0.70%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.70%) JTAG
3 2 (0.70%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 1 (0.35%) Basel II
System Software
1 40 (13.99%) Docker
2 11 (3.85%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (2.80%) VMware ESXi
4 6 (2.10%) Active Directory
5 5 (1.75%) Oracle RAC
6 3 (1.05%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (1.05%) Ceph
6 3 (1.05%) NFS
6 3 (1.05%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.70%) etcd
7 2 (0.70%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.70%) Varnish
7 2 (0.70%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.70%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.35%) Gluster
8 1 (0.35%) HDFS
8 1 (0.35%) ProxySG
8 1 (0.35%) Snort
8 1 (0.35%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 47 (16.43%) Kubernetes
2 38 (13.29%) Terraform
3 23 (8.04%) Ansible
4 15 (5.24%) Puppet
5 14 (4.90%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (3.15%) Netcool
7 7 (2.45%) Salt
8 5 (1.75%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 4 (1.40%) Consul
9 4 (1.40%) Foglight
9 4 (1.40%) Grafana
9 4 (1.40%) Prometheus
9 4 (1.40%) Rundeck
9 4 (1.40%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 3 (1.05%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (1.05%) Mesos
11 2 (0.70%) EMC NetWorker
11 2 (0.70%) Packer
11 2 (0.70%) QRadar
11 2 (0.70%) SCOM
Vendors
1 24 (8.39%) Microsoft
2 16 (5.59%) Oracle
3 15 (5.24%) VMware
4 14 (4.90%) Google
5 8 (2.80%) AppDynamics
5 8 (2.80%) Cisco
5 8 (2.80%) IBM
5 8 (2.80%) Red Hat
5 8 (2.80%) SevOne
6 7 (2.45%) Splunk
7 6 (2.10%) EMC
8 5 (1.75%) Alteryx
8 5 (1.75%) Atlassian
8 5 (1.75%) SolarWinds
8 5 (1.75%) Talend
9 4 (1.40%) Databricks
9 4 (1.40%) F5
9 4 (1.40%) NetApp
9 4 (1.40%) SaltStack
10 3 (1.05%) Informatica