Period
to 17 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 14 10 15
Rank change year-on-year -4 +5 +3
Contract jobs citing Python 293 379 699
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 10.60% 11.40% 10.74%
As % of the Programming Languages category 22.40% 23.57% 21.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 212 304 519
10th Percentile £325 £413 £425
25th Percentile £425 £473 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £650 £650 £625
90th Percentile £750 £703 £700
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 7 7
Median hourly rate - £47.50 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year - +35.71% +154.55%
Central London median hourly rate £62.50 £43.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +45.35% +22.86% +154.55%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,308 1,608 3,284
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 47.34% 48.36% 50.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 986 1,273 2,668
10th Percentile £363 £377 £406
25th Percentile £461 £431 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £638 £619 £613
90th Percentile £719 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 14 19
10th Percentile £16.32 £23.80 £16.61
25th Percentile £19.79 £25.06 "
Median hourly rate £25.48 £43.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -40.76% +104.76% -2.33%
75th Percentile £30.88 £52.81 £37.50
90th Percentile £34.70 £57.20 £50.60
Central London median hourly rate £23.45 £38.50 £21.75
% change year-on-year -39.09% +77.01% +1.16%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge 0 7 £600 +26.32%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 89 (30.38%) SQL
2 85 (29.01%) Finance
3 82 (27.99%) AWS
4 76 (25.94%) DevOps
5 75 (25.60%) Java
6 67 (22.87%) Azure
7 60 (20.48%) Analytics
7 60 (20.48%) Agile Software Development
8 53 (18.09%) Machine Learning
8 53 (18.09%) Data Science
9 52 (17.75%) Banking
10 44 (15.02%) Analytical Skills
11 43 (14.68%) Kubernetes
12 41 (13.99%) Big Data
13 40 (13.65%) Docker
13 40 (13.65%) Social Skills
14 38 (12.97%) Linux
15 35 (11.95%) Mathematics
15 35 (11.95%) Algorithms
16 34 (11.60%) Apache Spark
17 33 (11.26%) Git (software)
18 32 (10.92%) Data Warehouse
19 31 (10.58%) Oracle
19 31 (10.58%) C++
19 31 (10.58%) Data Analysis
19 31 (10.58%) GCP
20 30 (10.24%) Terraform
20 30 (10.24%) Kafka
20 30 (10.24%) Degree
21 29 (9.90%) R

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (11.60%) Apache Spark
2 18 (6.14%) Apache Airflow
3 15 (5.12%) Jupyter
4 13 (4.44%) Apache
5 10 (3.41%) Confluence
6 9 (3.07%) nginx
7 6 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (2.05%) SharePoint
8 5 (1.71%) Mule
8 5 (1.71%) SAS
9 2 (0.68%) MS Exchange
10 1 (0.34%) Anypoint
10 1 (0.34%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.34%) Appian
10 1 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.34%) GemFire
10 1 (0.34%) Oracle Coherence
10 1 (0.34%) Tornado
Applications
1 17 (5.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (4.44%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.68%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.34%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 2 (0.68%) FINCAD Analytics
1 2 (0.68%) IntelliMatch
2 1 (0.34%) Front Arena
2 1 (0.34%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.34%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 82 (27.99%) AWS
2 67 (22.87%) Azure
3 31 (10.58%) GCP
4 16 (5.46%) GitHub
5 13 (4.44%) IaaS
5 13 (4.44%) Serverless
6 12 (4.10%) AWS Lambda
6 12 (4.10%) Power Platform
7 11 (3.75%) Amazon EC2
7 11 (3.75%) Amazon S3
7 11 (3.75%) PaaS
8 9 (3.07%) Cloud Computing
9 8 (2.73%) Amazon Kinesis
10 6 (2.05%) Azure Data Factory
10 6 (2.05%) SaaS
11 5 (1.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 4 (1.37%) Amazon EMR
12 4 (1.37%) Azure Synapse Analytics
13 3 (1.02%) Amazon GuardDuty
13 3 (1.02%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 13 (4.44%) HTTP
2 9 (3.07%) TCP/IP
3 6 (2.05%) DNS
4 4 (1.37%) Kerberos
4 4 (1.37%) Network Security
5 3 (1.02%) Internet
5 3 (1.02%) Multicast
5 3 (1.02%) NAS
5 3 (1.02%) Wi-Fi
6 2 (0.68%) DECT
6 2 (0.68%) Firewall
6 2 (0.68%) IPv4
6 2 (0.68%) IPv6
6 2 (0.68%) PPP
6 2 (0.68%) SSL
6 2 (0.68%) UPnP
6 2 (0.68%) WAN
6 2 (0.68%) Wireless
7 1 (0.34%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.34%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (13.99%) Big Data
2 32 (10.92%) Data Warehouse
3 26 (8.87%) Data Lake
4 21 (7.17%) Hadoop
5 14 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
5 14 (4.78%) QlikView
6 12 (4.10%) Apache Hive
6 12 (4.10%) MongoDB
6 12 (4.10%) Power BI
6 12 (4.10%) SQL Server
7 10 (3.41%) NoSQL
7 10 (3.41%) Relational Database
7 10 (3.41%) Snowflake Schema
8 8 (2.73%) Amazon RDS
8 8 (2.73%) Amazon Redshift
8 8 (2.73%) Parquet
9 7 (2.39%) BigQuery
9 7 (2.39%) Tableau
10 6 (2.05%) Data Mining
10 6 (2.05%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 33 (11.26%) Git (software)
2 20 (6.83%) JIRA
3 18 (6.14%) Jenkins
4 8 (2.73%) GitLab
5 7 (2.39%) TeamCity
6 6 (2.05%) Maven
7 5 (1.71%) Cucumber
7 5 (1.71%) Sonatype Nexus
7 5 (1.71%) Subversion
8 4 (1.37%) Bitbucket
9 3 (1.02%) Selenium
10 2 (0.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 2 (0.68%) GDB
10 2 (0.68%) Gerrit
10 2 (0.68%) git-flow
10 2 (0.68%) JUnit
10 2 (0.68%) Oracle APEX
10 2 (0.68%) REST Assured
11 1 (0.34%) MLflow
11 1 (0.34%) Postman
General
1 85 (29.01%) Finance
2 52 (17.75%) Banking
3 44 (15.02%) Analytical Skills
4 40 (13.65%) Social Skills
5 19 (6.48%) Front Office
6 18 (6.14%) Presentation Skills
7 15 (5.12%) Marketing
8 14 (4.78%) Investment Banking
9 7 (2.39%) Financial Institution
9 7 (2.39%) Public Sector
10 4 (1.37%) Organisational Skills
10 4 (1.37%) Retail Banking
11 3 (1.02%) Legal
11 3 (1.02%) Retail
11 3 (1.02%) Telecoms
12 2 (0.68%) Back Office
12 2 (0.68%) Games
12 2 (0.68%) Law
12 2 (0.68%) Local Government
13 1 (0.34%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 86 (29.35%) Developer
2 51 (17.41%) Data Engineer
3 49 (16.72%) Python Developer
4 33 (11.26%) Data Scientist
5 26 (8.87%) Analyst
6 21 (7.17%) DevOps Engineer
7 18 (6.14%) AWS Engineer
8 16 (5.46%) Python Engineer
9 15 (5.12%) Quantitative Developer
10 9 (3.07%) Architect
11 7 (2.39%) Automation Engineer
11 7 (2.39%) AWS DevOps
11 7 (2.39%) Azure Engineer
11 7 (2.39%) Consultant
11 7 (2.39%) Data Analyst
11 7 (2.39%) DevSecOps Engineer
11 7 (2.39%) Qualitative Analyst
11 7 (2.39%) Quantitative Analyst
11 7 (2.39%) Senior Data Engineer
11 7 (2.39%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (10.24%) Kafka
2 19 (6.48%) React
3 16 (5.46%) Flask
4 15 (5.12%) Spring
4 15 (5.12%) Web Services
5 13 (4.44%) .NET
5 13 (4.44%) D3.js
5 13 (4.44%) Node.js
5 13 (4.44%) PySpark
5 13 (4.44%) Shiny
6 12 (4.10%) HTML
7 9 (3.07%) TensorFlow
7 9 (3.07%) XML
8 8 (2.73%) PostGIS
9 6 (2.05%) Django
9 6 (2.05%) NumPy
10 5 (1.71%) JSON
10 5 (1.71%) REST
10 5 (1.71%) RESTful
10 5 (1.71%) SQLAlchemy
Miscellaneous
1 35 (11.95%) Algorithms
2 17 (5.80%) Management Information System
3 16 (5.46%) Derivative
4 15 (5.12%) Market Risk
5 14 (4.78%) Social Media
6 13 (4.44%) Fixed Income
7 12 (4.10%) Data Structures
8 11 (3.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 9 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
10 8 (2.73%) Cloud Native
10 8 (2.73%) Replication
11 6 (2.05%) Credit Risk
11 6 (2.05%) Greenfield Project
12 4 (1.37%) Clustering
12 4 (1.37%) Equities
13 3 (1.02%) Credit Derivative
13 3 (1.02%) Embedded Systems
13 3 (1.02%) Energy Derivatives
13 3 (1.02%) NHS
13 3 (1.02%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 38 (12.97%) Linux
2 17 (5.80%) Windows
3 15 (5.12%) Unix
4 5 (1.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 5 (1.71%) Windows Server
5 2 (0.68%) CentOS
5 2 (0.68%) OpenWrt
5 2 (0.68%) Solaris
5 2 (0.68%) Ubuntu
5 2 (0.68%) Windows 10
5 2 (0.68%) Windows 7
5 2 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
5 2 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
5 2 (0.68%) Windows Server 2016
5 2 (0.68%) Windows Server 2019
6 1 (0.34%) Android
6 1 (0.34%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 76 (25.94%) DevOps
2 60 (20.48%) Agile Software Development
2 60 (20.48%) Analytics
3 53 (18.09%) Data Science
3 53 (18.09%) Machine Learning
4 35 (11.95%) Mathematics
5 31 (10.58%) Data Analysis
6 29 (9.90%) Problem-Solving
7 28 (9.56%) Business Intelligence
8 27 (9.22%) Data Pipeline
8 27 (9.22%) Software Engineering
9 24 (8.19%) Visualisation
10 23 (7.85%) Data Modelling
11 22 (7.51%) Statistics
12 20 (6.83%) Continuous Integration
13 19 (6.48%) Data Engineering
14 18 (6.14%) Decision-Making
14 18 (6.14%) Fintech
14 18 (6.14%) Infrastructure as Code
14 18 (6.14%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 89 (30.38%) SQL
2 75 (25.60%) Java
3 31 (10.58%) C++
4 29 (9.90%) R
5 25 (8.53%) JavaScript
6 23 (7.85%) Bash Shell
7 21 (7.17%) C#
8 20 (6.83%) Scala
9 18 (6.14%) PowerShell
9 18 (6.14%) Ruby
9 18 (6.14%) VBA
10 16 (5.46%) Go
10 16 (5.46%) TypeScript
11 9 (3.07%) Perl
11 9 (3.07%) Shell Script
12 8 (2.73%) C
13 7 (2.39%) PL/SQL
14 3 (1.02%) Groovy
14 3 (1.02%) Kotlin
14 3 (1.02%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 30 (10.24%) Degree
2 18 (6.14%) Security Cleared
3 16 (5.46%) SC Cleared
4 12 (4.10%) PhD
5 6 (2.05%) AWS Certification
6 5 (1.71%) CCNA
6 5 (1.71%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (1.02%) Computer Science Degree
8 2 (0.68%) MCSE
8 2 (0.68%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.34%) CISA
9 1 (0.34%) CISM
9 1 (0.34%) CISSP
9 1 (0.34%) CREST Certified
9 1 (0.34%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.34%) GCFA
9 1 (0.34%) GCIH
9 1 (0.34%) GIAC
9 1 (0.34%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (4.10%) QA
2 4 (1.37%) GDPR
3 3 (1.02%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.68%) EMIR
4 2 (0.68%) JTAG
4 2 (0.68%) MiFID
4 2 (0.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 2 (0.68%) SLA
5 1 (0.34%) Basel II
System Software
1 40 (13.65%) Docker
2 13 (4.44%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (3.75%) VMware ESXi
4 7 (2.39%) Active Directory
5 5 (1.71%) NFS
6 3 (1.02%) Ceph
7 2 (0.68%) Hyper-V
7 2 (0.68%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.68%) Veritas File System
7 2 (0.68%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 2 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.68%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 1 (0.34%) BitLocker
8 1 (0.34%) HDFS
8 1 (0.34%) Platform Symphony
8 1 (0.34%) ProxySG
8 1 (0.34%) Snort
8 1 (0.34%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 43 (14.68%) Kubernetes
2 30 (10.24%) Terraform
3 16 (5.46%) Ansible
4 8 (2.73%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (2.39%) Puppet
6 5 (1.71%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 4 (1.37%) Control-M
7 4 (1.37%) EMC NetWorker
7 4 (1.37%) QRadar
7 4 (1.37%) Tivoli
7 4 (1.37%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 3 (1.02%) Grafana
8 3 (1.02%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (1.02%) Mesos
8 3 (1.02%) Netcool
8 3 (1.02%) Prometheus
8 3 (1.02%) Salt
9 2 (0.68%) Consul
9 2 (0.68%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 2 (0.68%) Failover Clustering
Vendors
1 31 (10.58%) Oracle
2 18 (6.14%) Microsoft
3 14 (4.78%) Alteryx
3 14 (4.78%) Google
4 13 (4.44%) Databricks
4 13 (4.44%) Salesforce.com
4 13 (4.44%) VMware
5 10 (3.41%) IBM
6 9 (3.07%) EMC
7 8 (2.73%) Red Hat
8 6 (2.05%) Cisco
8 6 (2.05%) Splunk
9 5 (1.71%) NetApp
9 5 (1.71%) Talend
10 4 (1.37%) BMC
10 4 (1.37%) CyberArk
10 4 (1.37%) Qualys
11 3 (1.02%) Informatica
11 3 (1.02%) Juniper
12 2 (0.68%) Dell