Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 10 9
Rank change year-on-year -2 -1 +5
Contract jobs citing Python 461 226 741
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 12.06% 12.75% 12.42%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.19% 26.19% 24.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 348 163 586
10th Percentile £436 £344 £425
25th Percentile £507 £425 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £575
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% -8.70% +4.55%
75th Percentile £700 £625 £638
90th Percentile £800 £688 £725
Central London median daily rate £600 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +14.29% -4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 3 4
10th Percentile £27.55 £35.55 £42.72
25th Percentile £31.00 £36.38 £43.38
Median hourly rate £58.00 £38.50 £48.32
Median % change year-on-year +50.65% -20.31% +271.65%
75th Percentile £61.75 £39.63 £52.31
90th Percentile £65.35 £39.85 £54.23
Central London median hourly rate £58.00 £38.50 £48.32
% change year-on-year +50.65% -20.31% +271.65%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,830 863 2,976
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 47.86% 48.70% 49.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,445 660 2,444
10th Percentile £413 £363 £395
25th Percentile £500 £430 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £688 £625 £625
90th Percentile £775 £694 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +14.29% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 8 13
10th Percentile £26.15 £12.75 "
25th Percentile £32.00 £19.69 £21.00
Median hourly rate £36.50 £28.75 £22.33
Median % change year-on-year +26.96% +28.75% -24.42%
75th Percentile £61.56 £37.56 £51.25
90th Percentile £67.98 £39.48 £54.85
Central London median hourly rate £36.50 £28.75 £22.42
% change year-on-year +26.96% +28.26% +1.89%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 2 £575 -
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 154 (33.41%) SQL
2 142 (30.80%) Finance
3 132 (28.63%) Java
4 130 (28.20%) DevOps
5 120 (26.03%) Azure
6 118 (25.60%) AWS
7 116 (25.16%) Agile Software Development
8 112 (24.30%) Analytics
9 88 (19.09%) Banking
10 75 (16.27%) Docker
11 74 (16.05%) Kubernetes
12 71 (15.40%) Git (software)
13 67 (14.53%) Data Science
14 66 (14.32%) Mathematics
15 59 (12.80%) Social Skills
16 58 (12.58%) Terraform
17 57 (12.36%) Degree
17 57 (12.36%) JavaScript
18 55 (11.93%) Infrastructure as Code
19 53 (11.50%) Analytical Skills
20 51 (11.06%) Jenkins
21 50 (10.85%) Algorithms
21 50 (10.85%) Oracle
22 48 (10.41%) C++
23 47 (10.20%) Software Engineering
24 46 (9.98%) Microservices
24 46 (9.98%) Ansible
25 44 (9.54%) Linux
26 43 (9.33%) Business Intelligence
26 43 (9.33%) Visualisation

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (7.81%) Apache Spark
2 17 (3.69%) Jupyter
3 13 (2.82%) Apache
4 11 (2.39%) Confluence
5 8 (1.74%) Apache Airflow
6 7 (1.52%) SharePoint
7 6 (1.30%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (1.08%) IIS
9 4 (0.87%) CMS
9 4 (0.87%) nginx
9 4 (0.87%) OpenStack
9 4 (0.87%) SAS
9 4 (0.87%) Tornado
10 2 (0.43%) Tomcat
11 1 (0.22%) ArcGIS
11 1 (0.22%) BizTalk Server
11 1 (0.22%) Mule
11 1 (0.22%) SharePoint Server
11 1 (0.22%) WebLogic
11 1 (0.22%) WebSphere
Applications
1 34 (7.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (3.90%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 5 (1.08%) ION MarketView
2 4 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.87%) FINCAD Analytics
3 2 (0.43%) SunGard Martini
4 1 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 120 (26.03%) Azure
2 118 (25.60%) AWS
3 37 (8.03%) GCP
4 31 (6.72%) AWS CloudFormation
5 27 (5.86%) Serverless
6 26 (5.64%) GitHub
7 22 (4.77%) AWS Lambda
8 18 (3.90%) Power Platform
9 14 (3.04%) Azure Data Factory
9 14 (3.04%) IaaS
9 14 (3.04%) PaaS
10 13 (2.82%) Amazon S3
11 11 (2.39%) Azure Synapse Analytics
12 9 (1.95%) Amazon EC2
13 7 (1.52%) Amazon SQS
13 7 (1.52%) Snowflake
14 6 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 6 (1.30%) Amazon EKS
14 6 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
14 6 (1.30%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.39%) BGP
2 8 (1.74%) Firewall
2 8 (1.74%) TCP/IP
3 5 (1.08%) HTTP
3 5 (1.08%) Kerberos
4 4 (0.87%) DNS
4 4 (0.87%) Internet
5 3 (0.65%) SAN
5 3 (0.65%) SNMP
5 3 (0.65%) VPN
6 2 (0.43%) Cisco ISE
6 2 (0.43%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
6 2 (0.43%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
6 2 (0.43%) LAN
6 2 (0.43%) Multicast
6 2 (0.43%) NAS
6 2 (0.43%) Network Security
6 2 (0.43%) SD-WAN
6 2 (0.43%) TACACS
7 1 (0.22%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (8.24%) Data Warehouse
1 38 (8.24%) SQL Server
2 36 (7.81%) Big Data
3 27 (5.86%) Data Lake
4 24 (5.21%) NoSQL
5 21 (4.56%) Hadoop
5 21 (4.56%) MongoDB
5 21 (4.56%) Relational Database
6 18 (3.90%) Power BI
6 18 (3.90%) QlikView
7 17 (3.69%) PostgreSQL
7 17 (3.69%) Tableau
8 13 (2.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 13 (2.82%) MySQL
9 12 (2.60%) Amazon Redshift
10 11 (2.39%) Apache Hive
11 9 (1.95%) RDBMS
12 8 (1.74%) Amazon Athena
13 7 (1.52%) BigQuery
13 7 (1.52%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 71 (15.40%) Git (software)
2 51 (11.06%) Jenkins
3 27 (5.86%) JIRA
4 21 (4.56%) Subversion
5 14 (3.04%) TeamCity
6 10 (2.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 8 (1.74%) GitLab
7 8 (1.74%) Maven
8 7 (1.52%) Selenium
9 6 (1.30%) Cucumber
10 5 (1.08%) IBM UrbanCode
11 4 (0.87%) Artifactory
11 4 (0.87%) Bitbucket
11 4 (0.87%) CircleCI
11 4 (0.87%) Sonatype Nexus
12 3 (0.65%) Cypress.io
12 3 (0.65%) git-flow
12 3 (0.65%) Hudson
12 3 (0.65%) Protractor
12 3 (0.65%) Travis CI
General
1 142 (30.80%) Finance
2 88 (19.09%) Banking
3 59 (12.80%) Social Skills
4 53 (11.50%) Analytical Skills
5 28 (6.07%) Investment Banking
6 25 (5.42%) Front Office
7 24 (5.21%) Marketing
8 23 (4.99%) Financial Institution
8 23 (4.99%) Presentation Skills
9 20 (4.34%) Legal
10 17 (3.69%) Public Sector
11 9 (1.95%) Retail
12 6 (1.30%) Documentation Skills
13 5 (1.08%) International Banking
14 4 (0.87%) Advertising
15 2 (0.43%) Back Office
15 2 (0.43%) Games
15 2 (0.43%) Organisational Skills
15 2 (0.43%) Pharmaceutical
15 2 (0.43%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 175 (37.96%) Developer
2 102 (22.13%) Python Developer
3 61 (13.23%) Data Engineer
4 34 (7.38%) Data Scientist
5 30 (6.51%) Architect
6 29 (6.29%) DevOps Engineer
7 27 (5.86%) Python Engineer
8 23 (4.99%) Analyst
9 21 (4.56%) Java Developer
10 20 (4.34%) Azure Engineer
11 18 (3.90%) Full Stack Developer
12 17 (3.69%) Quantitative Developer
13 13 (2.82%) Data Analyst
13 13 (2.82%) Senior Data Engineer
14 12 (2.60%) Cloud Engineer
15 11 (2.39%) AWS Engineer
15 11 (2.39%) Senior Developer
16 10 (2.17%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 10 (2.17%) C++ Developer
16 10 (2.17%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (8.03%) Node.js
2 36 (7.81%) React
3 35 (7.59%) Kafka
4 28 (6.07%) AngularJS
5 27 (5.86%) .NET
6 25 (5.42%) Spring
7 22 (4.77%) Django
8 21 (4.56%) CSS
9 20 (4.34%) Flask
10 19 (4.12%) HTML
10 19 (4.12%) Web Services
11 18 (3.90%) Pandas
12 16 (3.47%) REST
12 16 (3.47%) Shiny
13 15 (3.25%) D3.js
14 14 (3.04%) JSON
14 14 (3.04%) RESTful
15 13 (2.82%) NumPy
16 12 (2.60%) Spring Boot
17 9 (1.95%) PyTorch
Miscellaneous
1 50 (10.85%) Algorithms
2 27 (5.86%) Fixed Income
2 27 (5.86%) Hedge funds
3 22 (4.77%) Derivative
4 21 (4.56%) Cloud Native
4 21 (4.56%) Management Information System
4 21 (4.56%) Social Media
5 15 (3.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 15 (3.25%) Market Risk
6 12 (2.60%) Equities
7 9 (1.95%) Data Structures
8 8 (1.74%) Greenfield Project
8 8 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
9 7 (1.52%) Legacy Systems
9 7 (1.52%) Public Cloud
10 6 (1.30%) Credit Derivative
10 6 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
10 6 (1.30%) Legacy Applications
11 5 (1.08%) Linux Command Line
11 5 (1.08%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 44 (9.54%) Linux
2 29 (6.29%) Windows
3 14 (3.04%) Unix
4 8 (1.74%) Windows Server
5 7 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (1.08%) Windows 10
7 3 (0.65%) Solaris
7 3 (0.65%) VMS
7 3 (0.65%) Windows 7
8 2 (0.43%) OpenWrt
8 2 (0.43%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.22%) Android
9 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 130 (28.20%) DevOps
2 116 (25.16%) Agile Software Development
3 112 (24.30%) Analytics
4 67 (14.53%) Data Science
5 66 (14.32%) Mathematics
6 55 (11.93%) Infrastructure as Code
7 47 (10.20%) Software Engineering
8 46 (9.98%) Microservices
9 43 (9.33%) Business Intelligence
9 43 (9.33%) Problem-Solving
9 43 (9.33%) Visualisation
10 40 (8.68%) Machine Learning
10 40 (8.68%) Statistics
11 39 (8.46%) ETL
12 38 (8.24%) Data Modelling
13 37 (8.03%) Computer Science
13 37 (8.03%) Data Analysis
14 35 (7.59%) Data Engineering
14 35 (7.59%) Decision-Making
15 34 (7.38%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 154 (33.41%) SQL
2 132 (28.63%) Java
3 57 (12.36%) JavaScript
4 48 (10.41%) C++
5 43 (9.33%) Bash Shell
6 40 (8.68%) C#
7 38 (8.24%) R
8 30 (6.51%) PowerShell
8 30 (6.51%) Scala
9 28 (6.07%) VBA
10 21 (4.56%) C
11 13 (2.82%) Ruby
11 13 (2.82%) TypeScript
12 12 (2.60%) Go
13 9 (1.95%) Perl
13 9 (1.95%) Shell Script
14 6 (1.30%) PHP
14 6 (1.30%) T-SQL
15 5 (1.08%) Groovy
15 5 (1.08%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 57 (12.36%) Degree
2 20 (4.34%) Security Cleared
3 13 (2.82%) SC Cleared
4 6 (1.30%) Cisco Certification
5 5 (1.08%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (1.08%) PhD
6 4 (0.87%) CCIE
7 3 (0.65%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.65%) CCNP
7 3 (0.65%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.43%) CCNA
8 2 (0.43%) CISSP
8 2 (0.43%) Postgraduate
8 2 (0.43%) TOGAF Certification
9 1 (0.22%) CCIE Routing and Switching
9 1 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.22%) Sun Certification
9 1 (0.22%) Tableau Certification
9 1 (0.22%) VCP6
9 1 (0.22%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (4.77%) GDPR
2 17 (3.69%) Data Quality
3 12 (2.60%) QA
4 4 (0.87%) SLA
5 3 (0.65%) EMIR
5 3 (0.65%) MiFID
6 2 (0.43%) Accessibility
6 2 (0.43%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.22%) GRC
7 1 (0.22%) IFRS
7 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.22%) JTAG
7 1 (0.22%) NIST
7 1 (0.22%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.22%) PSD2
7 1 (0.22%) SNOMED CT
7 1 (0.22%) WCAG
System Software
1 75 (16.27%) Docker
2 8 (1.74%) Active Directory
2 8 (1.74%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (0.87%) VMware ESXi
4 3 (0.65%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.43%) NFS
5 2 (0.43%) Veritas File System
5 2 (0.43%) Veritas Volume Manager
5 2 (0.43%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.22%) GeoWebCache
6 1 (0.22%) HDFS
6 1 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.22%) Platform Symphony
6 1 (0.22%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 74 (16.05%) Kubernetes
2 58 (12.58%) Terraform
3 46 (9.98%) Ansible
4 14 (3.04%) Puppet
5 9 (1.95%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (0.87%) Control-M
7 3 (0.65%) EMC NetWorker
7 3 (0.65%) Netcool
7 3 (0.65%) Packer
7 3 (0.65%) QRadar
7 3 (0.65%) Tivoli
7 3 (0.65%) Tivoli Storage Manager
8 2 (0.43%) BladeLogic
8 2 (0.43%) Cobbler
8 2 (0.43%) Failover Clustering
8 2 (0.43%) Grafana
8 2 (0.43%) ITRS Geneos
8 2 (0.43%) Rancher
8 2 (0.43%) Red Hat Satellite
8 2 (0.43%) SCCM
Vendors
1 50 (10.85%) Oracle
2 41 (8.89%) Microsoft
3 23 (4.99%) Salesforce.com
4 20 (4.34%) Databricks
5 19 (4.12%) Alteryx
6 18 (3.90%) Google
7 9 (1.95%) Cisco
7 9 (1.95%) VMware
8 8 (1.74%) IBM
9 7 (1.52%) Red Hat
10 6 (1.30%) MuleSoft
10 6 (1.30%) Splunk
11 5 (1.08%) ION Trading
11 5 (1.08%) Juniper
11 5 (1.08%) ServiceNow
12 4 (0.87%) Bloomberg
12 4 (0.87%) BMC
12 4 (0.87%) CyberArk
12 4 (0.87%) EMC
12 4 (0.87%) HubSpot