Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 12 14
Rank change year-on-year 0 +2 +1
Contract jobs citing Python 371 293 740
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 10.92% 12.10% 11.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 23.45% 24.25% 22.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 282 226 565
10th Percentile £394 £409 £425
25th Percentile £463 £463 £510
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £560 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +1.82% - -
75th Percentile £675 £660 £638
90th Percentile £775 £738 £710
Central London median daily rate £560 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +1.82% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 9
10th Percentile £25.83 £36.10 "
25th Percentile £26.69 £37.75 £32.50
Median hourly rate £28.75 £38.50 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year -25.32% +10.00% +169.23%
75th Percentile £31.19 £40.00 £49.13
90th Percentile £32.28 £49.90 £52.30
Central London median hourly rate £28.75 £38.50 £39.78
% change year-on-year -25.32% -3.22% +206.02%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,582 1,208 3,291
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 46.57% 49.88% 49.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,218 940 2,690
10th Percentile £406 £367 £406
25th Percentile £470 £438 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £585 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +11.38% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £613
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 10 22
10th Percentile £24.19 £26.43 "
25th Percentile £26.00 £33.31 £21.00
Median hourly rate £33.50 £38.50 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -12.99% +75.00% +2.33%
75th Percentile £37.75 £52.38 £37.50
90th Percentile £47.43 £57.88 £51.04
Central London median hourly rate £27.50 £38.50 £22.50
% change year-on-year -28.57% +71.11% +4.65%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 5 £600 -
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 115 (31.00%) SQL
2 114 (30.73%) Finance
3 103 (27.76%) Azure
4 95 (25.61%) Java
4 95 (25.61%) DevOps
5 94 (25.34%) AWS
6 83 (22.37%) Analytics
7 80 (21.56%) Banking
8 71 (19.14%) Agile Software Development
9 62 (16.71%) Data Science
10 61 (16.44%) Social Skills
11 57 (15.36%) Mathematics
12 53 (14.29%) Docker
13 52 (14.02%) Analytical Skills
14 50 (13.48%) Algorithms
14 50 (13.48%) Machine Learning
15 49 (13.21%) Git (software)
16 46 (12.40%) Kubernetes
17 43 (11.59%) Oracle
18 42 (11.32%) Degree
18 42 (11.32%) Big Data
19 40 (10.78%) Linux
20 39 (10.51%) JavaScript
20 39 (10.51%) Data Analysis
20 39 (10.51%) Problem-Solving
21 38 (10.24%) R
22 37 (9.97%) C++
22 37 (9.97%) Apache Spark
23 36 (9.70%) Data Warehouse
23 36 (9.70%) Visualisation

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (9.97%) Apache Spark
2 18 (4.85%) Jupyter
3 15 (4.04%) Apache
4 13 (3.50%) Confluence
5 12 (3.23%) Apache Airflow
6 10 (2.70%) nginx
7 7 (1.89%) Elasticsearch
7 7 (1.89%) SharePoint
8 6 (1.62%) SAS
9 5 (1.35%) Mule
10 3 (0.81%) Tornado
11 2 (0.54%) CMS
11 2 (0.54%) IIS
11 2 (0.54%) MS Exchange
11 2 (0.54%) Tomcat
12 1 (0.27%) ArcGIS
12 1 (0.27%) BizTalk Server
12 1 (0.27%) Oracle Coherence
12 1 (0.27%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.27%) WebSphere
Applications
1 27 (7.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 18 (4.85%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.54%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.27%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 4 (1.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (0.54%) IntelliMatch
3 1 (0.27%) Front Arena
3 1 (0.27%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 103 (27.76%) Azure
2 94 (25.34%) AWS
3 34 (9.16%) GCP
4 20 (5.39%) GitHub
5 19 (5.12%) Serverless
6 18 (4.85%) AWS Lambda
6 18 (4.85%) IaaS
7 16 (4.31%) PaaS
8 15 (4.04%) AWS CloudFormation
8 15 (4.04%) Azure Data Factory
8 15 (4.04%) Power Platform
9 9 (2.43%) Cloud Computing
10 8 (2.16%) Amazon EC2
10 8 (2.16%) Amazon S3
10 8 (2.16%) Azure Synapse Analytics
11 7 (1.89%) SaaS
12 5 (1.35%) Amazon SQS
12 5 (1.35%) Azure Logic Apps
13 4 (1.08%) Azure Cosmos DB
13 4 (1.08%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.16%) HTTP
1 8 (2.16%) TCP/IP
2 7 (1.89%) BGP
3 6 (1.62%) DNS
3 6 (1.62%) Kerberos
4 4 (1.08%) Firewall
4 4 (1.08%) Network Security
5 3 (0.81%) Internet
5 3 (0.81%) Multicast
5 3 (0.81%) WAN
5 3 (0.81%) Wi-Fi
5 3 (0.81%) Wireless
6 2 (0.54%) DECT
6 2 (0.54%) IPv4
6 2 (0.54%) IPv6
6 2 (0.54%) PPP
6 2 (0.54%) SAN
6 2 (0.54%) SD-WAN
6 2 (0.54%) SSL
6 2 (0.54%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (11.32%) Big Data
2 36 (9.70%) Data Warehouse
3 28 (7.55%) SQL Server
4 27 (7.28%) Data Lake
5 19 (5.12%) QlikView
6 18 (4.85%) Hadoop
7 15 (4.04%) MongoDB
7 15 (4.04%) Power BI
8 12 (3.23%) Apache Hive
8 12 (3.23%) NoSQL
9 10 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
9 10 (2.70%) Relational Database
10 9 (2.43%) Tableau
11 8 (2.16%) MySQL
12 7 (1.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 7 (1.89%) BigQuery
12 7 (1.89%) Data Mining
13 6 (1.62%) Impala
13 6 (1.62%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 5 (1.35%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 49 (13.21%) Git (software)
2 27 (7.28%) JIRA
3 25 (6.74%) Jenkins
4 16 (4.31%) Subversion
5 14 (3.77%) TeamCity
6 7 (1.89%) GitLab
6 7 (1.89%) Maven
7 5 (1.35%) Cucumber
7 5 (1.35%) Sonatype Nexus
8 4 (1.08%) IBM UrbanCode
8 4 (1.08%) Selenium
9 3 (0.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 3 (0.81%) CircleCI
9 3 (0.81%) Hudson
9 3 (0.81%) REST Assured
10 2 (0.54%) Bitbucket
10 2 (0.54%) GDB
10 2 (0.54%) JUnit
10 2 (0.54%) Travis CI
10 2 (0.54%) Visual Studio
General
1 114 (30.73%) Finance
2 80 (21.56%) Banking
3 61 (16.44%) Social Skills
4 52 (14.02%) Analytical Skills
5 26 (7.01%) Presentation Skills
6 24 (6.47%) Investment Banking
6 24 (6.47%) Marketing
7 15 (4.04%) Front Office
8 13 (3.50%) Financial Institution
9 12 (3.23%) Legal
10 9 (2.43%) Public Sector
11 4 (1.08%) Retail
11 4 (1.08%) Retail Banking
11 4 (1.08%) Telecoms
12 3 (0.81%) International Banking
13 2 (0.54%) Back Office
13 2 (0.54%) Games
13 2 (0.54%) Law
13 2 (0.54%) Local Government
13 2 (0.54%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 131 (35.31%) Developer
2 76 (20.49%) Python Developer
3 50 (13.48%) Data Engineer
4 35 (9.43%) Data Scientist
5 26 (7.01%) Analyst
6 24 (6.47%) Architect
7 18 (4.85%) DevOps Engineer
8 17 (4.58%) Quantitative Developer
9 16 (4.31%) Python Engineer
10 13 (3.50%) Azure Engineer
11 10 (2.70%) AWS Engineer
11 10 (2.70%) Data Analyst
12 9 (2.43%) Senior Developer
13 8 (2.16%) Cloud Engineer
13 8 (2.16%) Senior Python Developer
14 7 (1.89%) Consultant
14 7 (1.89%) Senior Data Engineer
14 7 (1.89%) Software Engineer
15 6 (1.62%) Security Engineer
15 6 (1.62%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 30 (8.09%) Node.js
2 29 (7.82%) React
3 28 (7.55%) Kafka
4 20 (5.39%) Flask
5 18 (4.85%) AngularJS
5 18 (4.85%) Shiny
5 18 (4.85%) Spring
6 17 (4.58%) D3.js
7 15 (4.04%) Web Services
8 13 (3.50%) .NET
8 13 (3.50%) REST
9 12 (3.23%) NumPy
9 12 (3.23%) Pandas
10 11 (2.96%) Django
10 11 (2.96%) HTML
10 11 (2.96%) PySpark
11 9 (2.43%) JSON
12 8 (2.16%) TensorFlow
13 7 (1.89%) jQuery
13 7 (1.89%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 50 (13.48%) Algorithms
2 23 (6.20%) Management Information System
3 20 (5.39%) Social Media
4 18 (4.85%) Fixed Income
5 17 (4.58%) Derivative
5 17 (4.58%) Hedge funds
6 16 (4.31%) Cloud Native
7 13 (3.50%) Data Structures
7 13 (3.50%) Market Risk
8 10 (2.70%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 9 (2.43%) Credit Risk
9 9 (2.43%) Equities
10 7 (1.89%) Greenfield Project
10 7 (1.89%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (1.62%) Replication
12 5 (1.35%) Public Cloud
13 4 (1.08%) Credit Derivative
13 4 (1.08%) Legacy Applications
13 4 (1.08%) NHS
14 3 (0.81%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 40 (10.78%) Linux
2 19 (5.12%) Windows
3 13 (3.50%) Unix
4 6 (1.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (1.08%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.81%) VMS
6 3 (0.81%) Windows 10
6 3 (0.81%) Windows 7
7 2 (0.54%) OpenWrt
7 2 (0.54%) Solaris
8 1 (0.27%) Android
8 1 (0.27%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.27%) Ubuntu
8 1 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 95 (25.61%) DevOps
2 83 (22.37%) Analytics
3 71 (19.14%) Agile Software Development
4 62 (16.71%) Data Science
5 57 (15.36%) Mathematics
6 50 (13.48%) Machine Learning
7 39 (10.51%) Data Analysis
7 39 (10.51%) Problem-Solving
8 36 (9.70%) Visualisation
9 34 (9.16%) Business Intelligence
10 32 (8.63%) Data Modelling
10 32 (8.63%) Microservices
11 31 (8.36%) Asset Management
11 31 (8.36%) Decision-Making
11 31 (8.36%) Software Engineering
11 31 (8.36%) Statistics
12 30 (8.09%) Infrastructure as Code
13 29 (7.82%) Data Pipeline
14 27 (7.28%) ETL
15 26 (7.01%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 115 (31.00%) SQL
2 95 (25.61%) Java
3 39 (10.51%) JavaScript
4 38 (10.24%) R
5 37 (9.97%) C++
6 29 (7.82%) C#
7 28 (7.55%) Bash Shell
7 28 (7.55%) VBA
8 25 (6.74%) Scala
9 23 (6.20%) PowerShell
10 15 (4.04%) Ruby
10 15 (4.04%) TypeScript
11 13 (3.50%) Go
12 10 (2.70%) C
13 9 (2.43%) Shell Script
14 8 (2.16%) Perl
15 6 (1.62%) PL/SQL
16 5 (1.35%) T-SQL
17 3 (0.81%) MATLAB
17 3 (0.81%) PHP
Qualifications
1 42 (11.32%) Degree
2 13 (3.50%) Security Cleared
3 11 (2.96%) SC Cleared
4 6 (1.62%) AWS Certification
4 6 (1.62%) CCNA
4 6 (1.62%) Cisco Certification
4 6 (1.62%) PhD
5 3 (0.81%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.54%) MCSE
6 2 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (0.54%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.27%) CCIE
7 1 (0.27%) CCNP
7 1 (0.27%) CISA
7 1 (0.27%) CISM
7 1 (0.27%) CISSP
7 1 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
7 1 (0.27%) GCFA
7 1 (0.27%) GCIH
7 1 (0.27%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (3.23%) GDPR
2 11 (2.96%) QA
3 10 (2.70%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.81%) EMIR
4 3 (0.81%) MiFID
4 3 (0.81%) SLA
5 2 (0.54%) JTAG
6 1 (0.27%) IFRS
6 1 (0.27%) NIST
6 1 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 53 (14.29%) Docker
2 14 (3.77%) VMware Infrastructure
3 10 (2.70%) VMware ESXi
4 8 (2.16%) Active Directory
5 2 (0.54%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.54%) NFS
5 2 (0.54%) Veritas File System
5 2 (0.54%) Veritas Volume Manager
5 2 (0.54%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (0.54%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.27%) BitLocker
6 1 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.27%) Platform Symphony
6 1 (0.27%) ProxySG
6 1 (0.27%) Snort
Systems Management
1 46 (12.40%) Kubernetes
2 30 (8.09%) Terraform
3 25 (6.74%) Ansible
4 7 (1.89%) Opscode Chef
4 7 (1.89%) Puppet
5 6 (1.62%) Control-M
6 5 (1.35%) EMC NetWorker
6 5 (1.35%) QRadar
6 5 (1.35%) Tivoli
6 5 (1.35%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 5 (1.35%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 4 (1.08%) Netcool
8 2 (0.54%) Failover Clustering
8 2 (0.54%) Packer
8 2 (0.54%) Rancher
8 2 (0.54%) Red Hat Satellite
8 2 (0.54%) Salt
8 2 (0.54%) SCCM
8 2 (0.54%) SCOM
9 1 (0.27%) Icinga
Vendors
1 43 (11.59%) Oracle
2 31 (8.36%) Microsoft
3 23 (6.20%) Salesforce.com
4 20 (5.39%) Alteryx
5 19 (5.12%) Databricks
5 19 (5.12%) Google
6 14 (3.77%) VMware
7 12 (3.23%) IBM
8 10 (2.70%) EMC
9 8 (2.16%) Cisco
9 8 (2.16%) Red Hat
10 7 (1.89%) Splunk
11 6 (1.62%) BMC
11 6 (1.62%) Juniper
11 6 (1.62%) MuleSoft
12 5 (1.35%) CyberArk
12 5 (1.35%) NetApp
12 5 (1.35%) Qualys
13 4 (1.08%) Bloomberg
13 4 (1.08%) ServiceNow