Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 28 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
28 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 64 129 116
Rank change year-on-year +65 -13 +87
Contract jobs citing GDPR 143 36 27
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.35% 1.16% 1.00%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 22.84% 9.55% 8.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 30 31 23
10th Percentile £413 £450 £381
25th Percentile £513 £510 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £495
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +11.11% -8.33%
75th Percentile £638 £653 £538
90th Percentile £715 £975 £565
Central London median daily rate £575 £550 £491
% change year-on-year +4.55% +11.96% -10.68%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 626 377 322
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.65% 12.16% 11.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 394 262 213
10th Percentile £351 £351 £246
25th Percentile £463 £431 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £488
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +7.69% -2.50%
75th Percentile £700 £638 £575
90th Percentile £800 £750 £638
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £475
% change year-on-year +9.52% +10.53% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 4 9
10th Percentile £20.00 £15.23 £17.96
25th Percentile £25.25 £16.69 £26.75
Median hourly rate £60.50 £21.25 £38.50
Median % change year-on-year +184.71% -44.81% +118.01%
75th Percentile £62.50 £24.25 £47.75
90th Percentile £64.45 £25.15 £61.25
Central London median hourly rate £51.00 £20.00 £38.48
% change year-on-year +155.00% -48.02% +117.87%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the City of London

GDPR
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GDPR in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for GDPR in the City of London

GDPR
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GDPR in the City of London over the 6 months to 28 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for GDPR in the City of London

For the 6 months to 28 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 121 (84.62%) Finance
2 120 (83.92%) Legal
3 118 (82.52%) Data Protection
4 110 (76.92%) Hedge funds
4 110 (76.92%) Financial Institution
5 81 (56.64%) AOP
6 69 (48.25%) Agile
7 66 (46.15%) Social Skills
8 48 (33.57%) CI/CD
9 39 (27.27%) AWS
10 34 (23.78%) Java
10 34 (23.78%) Python
11 32 (22.38%) Banking
12 31 (21.68%) SQL
13 30 (20.98%) DevOps
14 28 (19.58%) Azure
14 28 (19.58%) Scrum
15 25 (17.48%) Migration
16 23 (16.08%) Analytical Skills
17 22 (15.38%) JIRA
18 20 (13.99%) Stakeholder Management
18 20 (13.99%) Oracle
18 20 (13.99%) AngularJS
18 20 (13.99%) Serverless
19 19 (13.29%) Big Data
19 19 (13.29%) Git (software)
19 19 (13.29%) Microsoft
20 18 (12.59%) JavaScript
20 18 (12.59%) HTML
20 18 (12.59%) Kubernetes

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (10.49%) Apache Spark
2 7 (4.90%) SharePoint
2 7 (4.90%) Tomcat
3 6 (4.20%) Confluence
4 5 (3.50%) WebLogic
5 4 (2.80%) Apache Pig
6 2 (1.40%) GlassFish
6 2 (1.40%) JBoss
6 2 (1.40%) Oracle Coherence
7 1 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 1 (0.70%) Apache
7 1 (0.70%) MS Exchange
7 1 (0.70%) WebSphere
Applications
1 4 (2.80%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (1.40%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.70%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (1.40%) Cloudability
1 2 (1.40%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 39 (27.27%) AWS
2 28 (19.58%) Azure
3 20 (13.99%) Serverless
4 13 (9.09%) Amazon EC2
5 12 (8.39%) Amazon S3
6 10 (6.99%) AWS Lambda
6 10 (6.99%) GCP
7 9 (6.29%) Azure DevOps
8 8 (5.59%) Power Platform
8 8 (5.59%) SaaS
9 7 (4.90%) IaaS
9 7 (4.90%) PaaS
10 6 (4.20%) Amazon EKS
10 6 (4.20%) AWS CodePipeline
10 6 (4.20%) GitHub
11 4 (2.80%) AWS CloudFormation
11 4 (2.80%) AWS CodeBuild
11 4 (2.80%) Azure Synapse Analytics
11 4 (2.80%) Cloud Computing
11 4 (2.80%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.80%) DNS
2 3 (2.10%) Kerberos
2 3 (2.10%) Wireless
3 2 (1.40%) Firewall
3 2 (1.40%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.70%) DHCP
4 1 (0.70%) Network Security
4 1 (0.70%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (13.29%) Big Data
2 15 (10.49%) Relational Database
3 14 (9.79%) Data Warehouse
4 11 (7.69%) RDBMS
5 10 (6.99%) SQL Server
6 9 (6.29%) Data Lake
6 9 (6.29%) Hadoop
7 8 (5.59%) Metadata
8 7 (4.90%) Apache Hive
8 7 (4.90%) MySQL
8 7 (4.90%) Oracle Database
8 7 (4.90%) Power BI
9 5 (3.50%) NoSQL
10 4 (2.80%) HBase
10 4 (2.80%) Oracle Database 11g
10 4 (2.80%) Oracle Database 12c
10 4 (2.80%) PostgreSQL
11 3 (2.10%) Hazelcast
11 3 (2.10%) HDInsight
12 2 (1.40%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 22 (15.38%) JIRA
2 19 (13.29%) Git (software)
3 16 (11.19%) Jenkins
4 12 (8.39%) TeamCity
5 7 (4.90%) IntelliJ
6 5 (3.50%) Visual Studio
7 4 (2.80%) Cucumber
7 4 (2.80%) Eclipse
7 4 (2.80%) Selenium
8 3 (2.10%) Checkstyle
8 3 (2.10%) Gerrit
8 3 (2.10%) Gradle
8 3 (2.10%) JMeter
8 3 (2.10%) JUnit
8 3 (2.10%) kappa
8 3 (2.10%) Maven
8 3 (2.10%) REST Assured
8 3 (2.10%) SonarQube
8 3 (2.10%) Subversion
9 2 (1.40%) Protractor
General
1 121 (84.62%) Finance
2 120 (83.92%) Legal
3 110 (76.92%) Financial Institution
4 66 (46.15%) Social Skills
5 32 (22.38%) Banking
6 23 (16.08%) Analytical Skills
7 15 (10.49%) Retail
8 10 (6.99%) Documentation Skills
9 8 (5.59%) Presentation Skills
10 7 (4.90%) Investment Banking
11 3 (2.10%) Back Office
11 3 (2.10%) German Language
11 3 (2.10%) Marketing
12 2 (1.40%) Front Office
12 2 (1.40%) Influencing Skills
12 2 (1.40%) International Banking
12 2 (1.40%) Pharmaceutical
13 1 (0.70%) Digital Economy
13 1 (0.70%) Organisational Skills
13 1 (0.70%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 39 (27.27%) Developer
2 23 (16.08%) Architect
3 13 (9.09%) Data Engineer
4 10 (6.99%) AWS Engineer
4 10 (6.99%) Cloud Engineer
5 9 (6.29%) Analyst
5 9 (6.29%) Consultant
5 9 (6.29%) Java Developer
5 9 (6.29%) React Developer
6 8 (5.59%) Big Data Developer
6 8 (5.59%) Solutions Architect
7 7 (4.90%) AWS Architect
7 7 (4.90%) Azure Engineer
7 7 (4.90%) Project Manager
8 6 (4.20%) Oracle Developer
9 5 (3.50%) AWS Consultant
10 4 (2.80%) Data Architect
10 4 (2.80%) DevOps Engineer
10 4 (2.80%) Platform Engineer
11 3 (2.10%) Desktop Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 20 (13.99%) AngularJS
2 18 (12.59%) HTML
3 17 (11.89%) Kafka
4 15 (10.49%) CSS
5 14 (9.79%) HTML5
5 14 (9.79%) Node.js
5 14 (9.79%) REST
6 12 (8.39%) Spring
7 11 (7.69%) CSS3
8 10 (6.99%) React
9 9 (6.29%) Spring Boot
10 8 (5.59%) JSON
10 8 (5.59%) RESTful
11 7 (4.90%) RabbitMQ
12 6 (4.20%) .NET
12 6 (4.20%) DOM
12 6 (4.20%) Middleware
12 6 (4.20%) PySpark
12 6 (4.20%) Spark Streaming
12 6 (4.20%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 110 (76.92%) Hedge funds
2 15 (10.49%) Credit Risk
2 15 (10.49%) Self-Motivation
3 12 (8.39%) Public Cloud
4 11 (7.69%) User Experience
5 9 (6.29%) Data Structures
6 6 (4.20%) Enterprise Software
6 6 (4.20%) Mobile App
7 4 (2.80%) Algorithms
7 4 (2.80%) Cloud Native
7 4 (2.80%) Management Information System
7 4 (2.80%) Reference Data
8 3 (2.10%) Data Centre
8 3 (2.10%) Replication
8 3 (2.10%) Virtual Team
9 2 (1.40%) Biotechnology
9 2 (1.40%) Blackberry
9 2 (1.40%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 2 (1.40%) Legacy Systems
10 1 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 15 (10.49%) Windows
2 12 (8.39%) Linux
3 5 (3.50%) Unix
4 4 (2.80%) Windows Server
5 3 (2.10%) Windows 10
5 3 (2.10%) Windows 7
5 3 (2.10%) Windows Server 2012
6 2 (1.40%) Android
6 2 (1.40%) Apple iOS
6 2 (1.40%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.70%) CentOS
7 1 (0.70%) Oracle Linux
7 1 (0.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.70%) Solaris
7 1 (0.70%) SUSE
7 1 (0.70%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
7 1 (0.70%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 118 (82.52%) Data Protection
2 81 (56.64%) AOP
3 69 (48.25%) Agile
4 48 (33.57%) CI/CD
5 30 (20.98%) DevOps
6 28 (19.58%) Scrum
7 25 (17.48%) Migration
8 20 (13.99%) Stakeholder Management
9 17 (11.89%) Test Automation
10 16 (11.19%) Infrastructure as Code
11 15 (10.49%) Microservices
12 14 (9.79%) Problem-Solving
13 13 (9.09%) Configuration Management
14 12 (8.39%) Analytics
15 11 (7.69%) Project Management
15 11 (7.69%) Scaled Agile Framework
15 11 (7.69%) TDD
16 10 (6.99%) Critical Thinking
16 10 (6.99%) Data Analysis
16 10 (6.99%) Data Pipeline
Programming Languages
1 34 (23.78%) Java
1 34 (23.78%) Python
2 31 (21.68%) SQL
3 18 (12.59%) JavaScript
4 17 (11.89%) PowerShell
5 13 (9.09%) Scala
6 11 (7.69%) TypeScript
7 8 (5.59%) Bash
8 7 (4.90%) PL/SQL
9 6 (4.20%) C#
10 5 (3.50%) C++
11 4 (2.80%) ES6
11 4 (2.80%) Shell Script
12 2 (1.40%) Go
12 2 (1.40%) Perl
13 1 (0.70%) C
13 1 (0.70%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 1 (0.70%) Groovy
13 1 (0.70%) T-SQL
13 1 (0.70%) VBA
Qualifications
1 8 (5.59%) Degree
2 6 (4.20%) AWS Certification
3 4 (2.80%) Computer Science Degree
4 3 (2.10%) Master's Degree
4 3 (2.10%) PRINCE2 Certification
4 3 (2.10%) SC Cleared
4 3 (2.10%) Security Cleared
5 2 (1.40%) CISSP
5 2 (1.40%) GIAC
5 2 (1.40%) Numerate Degree
5 2 (1.40%) RHCA
6 1 (0.70%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.70%) CISA
6 1 (0.70%) CSPO
6 1 (0.70%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
6 1 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.70%) OSCP
6 1 (0.70%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (6.99%) QA
2 4 (2.80%) Accessibility
3 3 (2.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (2.10%) PCI DSS
3 3 (2.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 2 (1.40%) Data Quality
4 2 (1.40%) MiFID
4 2 (1.40%) NIST
4 2 (1.40%) SLA
5 1 (0.70%) Basel II
5 1 (0.70%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (0.70%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
5 1 (0.70%) IASME
5 1 (0.70%) NCSC
5 1 (0.70%) PMO
System Software
1 16 (11.19%) Docker
2 9 (6.29%) Active Directory
3 5 (3.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (2.80%) VMware ESXi
5 2 (1.40%) Hyper-V
5 2 (1.40%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (1.40%) vSphere
6 1 (0.70%) Firmware
6 1 (0.70%) NFS
6 1 (0.70%) Veritas File System
6 1 (0.70%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 18 (12.59%) Kubernetes
2 12 (8.39%) Ansible
2 12 (8.39%) Terraform
3 4 (2.80%) Control-M
3 4 (2.80%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (2.10%) Microsoft Intune
4 3 (2.10%) SCCM
5 2 (1.40%) McAfee ePO
5 2 (1.40%) NetBackup
5 2 (1.40%) Norton AntiVirus
5 2 (1.40%) QRadar
5 2 (1.40%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
5 2 (1.40%) Tivoli
5 2 (1.40%) vCenter Server
5 2 (1.40%) WSUS
6 1 (0.70%) Ambari
6 1 (0.70%) Icinga
6 1 (0.70%) Netcool
6 1 (0.70%) SCOrch
6 1 (0.70%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 20 (13.99%) Oracle
2 19 (13.29%) Microsoft
3 5 (3.50%) IBM
3 5 (3.50%) VMware
4 4 (2.80%) BMC
4 4 (2.80%) Databricks
4 4 (2.80%) EMC
4 4 (2.80%) Google
4 4 (2.80%) Splunk
5 3 (2.10%) Bloomberg
5 3 (2.10%) MuleSoft
5 3 (2.10%) Red Hat
5 3 (2.10%) Reuters
6 2 (1.40%) Altiris
6 2 (1.40%) AppDynamics
6 2 (1.40%) Informatica
6 2 (1.40%) McAfee
6 2 (1.40%) Netezza
6 2 (1.40%) RightFax
6 2 (1.40%) Symantec