Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 101 104 181
Rank change year-on-year +3 +77 +27
Contract jobs citing GDPR 84 17 46
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.18% 0.96% 0.77%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 17.11% 8.85% 7.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 14 39
10th Percentile £413 £408 £356
25th Percentile £510 £415 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £469 £500
Median % change year-on-year +12.00% -6.25% +11.11%
75th Percentile £588 £533 £589
90th Percentile £750 £582 £648
Central London median daily rate £525 £450 £500
% change year-on-year +16.67% -10.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £19.50
Central London median hourly rate - - £19.50

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 491 192 601
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 12.72% 10.84% 10.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 368 124 447
10th Percentile £347 £309 £313
25th Percentile £451 £413 £392
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £543 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +8.50% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £638 £578 £575
90th Percentile £712 £650 £678
Central London median daily rate £535 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +7.00% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 2 4
10th Percentile £17.95 £15.70 £13.18
25th Percentile £23.25 £16.75 £15.31
Median hourly rate £28.50 £18.50 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year +54.05% +12.12% +6.11%
75th Percentile £47.00 £20.25 £17.44
90th Percentile £77.70 £21.30 £19.13
Central London median hourly rate £27.00 £18.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +45.95% +12.12% +6.11%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the City of London

GDPR
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GDPR in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for GDPR in the City of London

GDPR
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GDPR in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GDPR in the City of London

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 70 (83.33%) Finance
2 58 (69.05%) Data Protection
3 54 (64.29%) Legal
4 53 (63.10%) Financial Institution
4 53 (63.10%) Hedge funds
5 45 (53.57%) Social Skills
6 34 (40.48%) AOP
7 29 (34.52%) Agile Software Development
8 26 (30.95%) DevOps
9 25 (29.76%) Python
9 25 (29.76%) AWS
10 24 (28.57%) Azure
11 23 (27.38%) Kubernetes
12 20 (23.81%) Microservices
13 18 (21.43%) GCP
13 18 (21.43%) Docker
13 18 (21.43%) Infrastructure as Code
14 16 (19.05%) Terraform
14 16 (19.05%) Git (software)
15 15 (17.86%) SQL
15 15 (17.86%) Cloud Native
16 14 (16.67%) Java
17 13 (15.48%) Banking
17 13 (15.48%) Decision-Making
17 13 (15.48%) AWS CloudFormation
18 12 (14.29%) Analytical Skills
18 12 (14.29%) Influencing Skills
18 12 (14.29%) Google
19 11 (13.10%) Jenkins
19 11 (13.10%) Subversion

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 3 (3.57%) Apache Spark
1 3 (3.57%) OpenStack
1 3 (3.57%) SharePoint
2 2 (2.38%) Confluence
3 1 (1.19%) Exchange Server 2010
3 1 (1.19%) MS Exchange
3 1 (1.19%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 3 (3.57%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 4 (4.76%) Cloudability
Cloud Services
1 25 (29.76%) AWS
2 24 (28.57%) Azure
3 18 (21.43%) GCP
4 13 (15.48%) AWS CloudFormation
5 9 (10.71%) GitHub
5 9 (10.71%) PaaS
6 6 (7.14%) SaaS
7 5 (5.95%) Serverless
8 4 (4.76%) IaaS
9 3 (3.57%) Amazon EC2
9 3 (3.57%) Amazon S3
9 3 (3.57%) Apigee
9 3 (3.57%) GitHub Actions
10 2 (2.38%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (2.38%) Amazon SQS
10 2 (2.38%) Datadog
10 2 (2.38%) Google Data Studio
10 2 (2.38%) Microsoft 365
10 2 (2.38%) Power Platform
10 2 (2.38%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 4 (4.76%) DNS
2 3 (3.57%) Firewall
2 3 (3.57%) Internet
2 3 (3.57%) VPN
2 3 (3.57%) Wireless
3 2 (2.38%) NAS
3 2 (2.38%) SAN
4 1 (1.19%) DHCP
4 1 (1.19%) Fibre Channel
4 1 (1.19%) Kerberos
4 1 (1.19%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (8.33%) Metadata
2 5 (5.95%) BigQuery
2 5 (5.95%) Data Warehouse
3 4 (4.76%) Big Data
3 4 (4.76%) SQL Server
4 3 (3.57%) Bigtable
4 3 (3.57%) Hadoop
4 3 (3.57%) Tableau
5 2 (2.38%) Data Lake
5 2 (2.38%) DB2
5 2 (2.38%) Delta Lake
5 2 (2.38%) NoSQL
5 2 (2.38%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (1.19%) Apache Hive
6 1 (1.19%) Crystal Reports
6 1 (1.19%) Flink
6 1 (1.19%) Microsoft Analysis Services
6 1 (1.19%) Power Query
6 1 (1.19%) QlikView
6 1 (1.19%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 16 (19.05%) Git (software)
2 11 (13.10%) Jenkins
2 11 (13.10%) Subversion
3 3 (3.57%) Cucumber
3 3 (3.57%) git-flow
3 3 (3.57%) GitLab
3 3 (3.57%) Maven
3 3 (3.57%) Protractor
3 3 (3.57%) Selenium
3 3 (3.57%) Sonatype Nexus
4 2 (2.38%) JIRA
4 2 (2.38%) Spinnaker
4 2 (2.38%) webpack
5 1 (1.19%) Oracle APEX
5 1 (1.19%) TeamCity
5 1 (1.19%) Toad
General
1 70 (83.33%) Finance
2 54 (64.29%) Legal
3 53 (63.10%) Financial Institution
4 45 (53.57%) Social Skills
5 13 (15.48%) Banking
6 12 (14.29%) Analytical Skills
6 12 (14.29%) Influencing Skills
7 5 (5.95%) Billing
8 4 (4.76%) Presentation Skills
9 3 (3.57%) Documentation Skills
9 3 (3.57%) Law
10 1 (1.19%) Front Office
10 1 (1.19%) International Banking
10 1 (1.19%) Investment Banking
10 1 (1.19%) Public Sector
10 1 (1.19%) Retail
Job Titles
1 28 (33.33%) Architect
2 10 (11.90%) Consultant
3 9 (10.71%) Cloud Architect
4 8 (9.52%) Analyst
5 6 (7.14%) AWS Architect
5 6 (7.14%) Solutions Architect
6 5 (5.95%) Azure Architect
6 5 (5.95%) Platform Architect
6 5 (5.95%) Senior Consultant
7 4 (4.76%) Azure Engineer
7 4 (4.76%) Data Protection Officer
8 3 (3.57%) Cloud Engineer
8 3 (3.57%) Compliance Officer
8 3 (3.57%) Data Compliance Officer
8 3 (3.57%) DevOps Engineer
8 3 (3.57%) Digital Architect
8 3 (3.57%) Digital Solutions Architect
8 3 (3.57%) Risk Officer
8 3 (3.57%) Senior DevOps
8 3 (3.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7 (8.33%) Node.js
2 4 (4.76%) RESTful
3 3 (3.57%) Gherkin
3 3 (3.57%) pytest
3 3 (3.57%) XML
4 2 (2.38%) AngularJS
4 2 (2.38%) ARM Templates
4 2 (2.38%) CSS
4 2 (2.38%) Enzyme
4 2 (2.38%) HTML
4 2 (2.38%) JSON
4 2 (2.38%) Kafka
4 2 (2.38%) React
4 2 (2.38%) Redux
5 1 (1.19%) J2EE
5 1 (1.19%) LDAP
5 1 (1.19%) OpenID
5 1 (1.19%) REST
5 1 (1.19%) Spring
5 1 (1.19%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 53 (63.10%) Hedge funds
2 15 (17.86%) Cloud Native
3 8 (9.52%) Hybrid Cloud
4 6 (7.14%) Fixed Income
4 6 (7.14%) Public Cloud
5 5 (5.95%) Analytical Mindset
5 5 (5.95%) CMDB
5 5 (5.95%) Mobile App
6 4 (4.76%) Data Centre
6 4 (4.76%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (3.57%) Enterprise Cloud
8 2 (2.38%) Clustering
8 2 (2.38%) Management Information System
8 2 (2.38%) Market Risk
8 2 (2.38%) User Experience
9 1 (1.19%) Blackberry
9 1 (1.19%) EMC VNX
9 1 (1.19%) Mainframe
9 1 (1.19%) Replication
9 1 (1.19%) Symmetrix
Operating Systems
1 9 (10.71%) Windows
2 4 (4.76%) Linux
2 4 (4.76%) Unix
2 4 (4.76%) Windows 10
3 3 (3.57%) Windows 7
3 3 (3.57%) Windows Server
4 2 (2.38%) Windows Server 2008
4 2 (2.38%) Windows Server 2012
5 1 (1.19%) Windows Server 2003
5 1 (1.19%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 58 (69.05%) Data Protection
2 34 (40.48%) AOP
3 29 (34.52%) Agile Software Development
4 26 (30.95%) DevOps
5 20 (23.81%) Microservices
6 18 (21.43%) Infrastructure as Code
7 13 (15.48%) Decision-Making
8 11 (13.10%) Collaborative Working
8 11 (13.10%) Information Security
8 11 (13.10%) Scrum
9 10 (11.90%) Analytics
9 10 (11.90%) Data Management
9 10 (11.90%) ITIL
10 9 (10.71%) Continuous Improvement
10 9 (10.71%) Deployment Automation
10 9 (10.71%) TOGAF
10 9 (10.71%) User Stories
11 8 (9.52%) Data Governance
11 8 (9.52%) ITSM
11 8 (9.52%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 25 (29.76%) Python
2 15 (17.86%) SQL
3 14 (16.67%) Java
4 7 (8.33%) JavaScript
5 5 (5.95%) C++
6 4 (4.76%) Groovy
6 4 (4.76%) PowerShell
7 3 (3.57%) Bash Shell
7 3 (3.57%) C
7 3 (3.57%) C#
8 1 (1.19%) PL/SQL
8 1 (1.19%) R
8 1 (1.19%) VBA
Qualifications
1 9 (10.71%) Degree
2 6 (7.14%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (3.57%) CISSP
4 1 (1.19%) ACCA
4 1 (1.19%) CIMA
4 1 (1.19%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
4 1 (1.19%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (11.90%) Data Quality
2 7 (8.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 7 (8.33%) PCI DSS
3 3 (3.57%) COBIT
3 3 (3.57%) QA
3 3 (3.57%) SLA
4 2 (2.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (1.19%) FedRAMP
5 1 (1.19%) GRC
5 1 (1.19%) IFRS
5 1 (1.19%) NCSC
5 1 (1.19%) NIST
5 1 (1.19%) PSD2
5 1 (1.19%) Solvency II
System Software
1 18 (21.43%) Docker
2 6 (7.14%) Active Directory
3 3 (3.57%) KVM
4 2 (2.38%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (2.38%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (2.38%) vSphere
5 1 (1.19%) Microsoft App-V
5 1 (1.19%) Oracle RAC
5 1 (1.19%) XenApp
5 1 (1.19%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 23 (27.38%) Kubernetes
2 16 (19.05%) Terraform
3 9 (10.71%) Ansible
4 4 (4.76%) Opscode Chef
5 2 (2.38%) Nessus
5 2 (2.38%) Puppet
5 2 (2.38%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
6 1 (1.19%) Ambari
6 1 (1.19%) Control-M
6 1 (1.19%) Data Guard
6 1 (1.19%) EMC NetWorker
6 1 (1.19%) McAfee ePO
6 1 (1.19%) NetBackup
6 1 (1.19%) Netcool
6 1 (1.19%) Norton AntiVirus
6 1 (1.19%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 1 (1.19%) SCCM
6 1 (1.19%) Tivoli
6 1 (1.19%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 1 (1.19%) WSUS
Vendors
1 12 (14.29%) Google
2 11 (13.10%) Microsoft
3 6 (7.14%) ServiceNow
4 4 (4.76%) Oracle
4 4 (4.76%) Splunk
4 4 (4.76%) VMware
5 3 (3.57%) AppDynamics
5 3 (3.57%) IBM
6 2 (2.38%) EMC
6 2 (2.38%) Qualys
6 2 (2.38%) Symantec
7 1 (1.19%) BMC
7 1 (1.19%) Citrix
7 1 (1.19%) Cloudera
7 1 (1.19%) Hortonworks
7 1 (1.19%) Infoblox
7 1 (1.19%) McAfee
7 1 (1.19%) RightFax
7 1 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
7 1 (1.19%) Veritas