Period
to 7 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 7 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
7 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 70 168 187
Rank change year-on-year +98 +19 +27
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 68 75 70
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.05% 1.15% 1.01%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.46% 1.28% 1.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 63 54 62
Median daily rate £557 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.13% +4.55% -3.30%
10th Percentile £430 £463 £440
90th Percentile £705 £707 £686
Central London median daily rate £550 £563 £550
% change year-on-year -2.22% +2.27% -6.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,965 5,854 6,133
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 88.16% 90.02% 88.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,367 4,578 4,845
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £338 £350 £331
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £515 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -1.90% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 74 104
Median hourly rate £35.00 £20.67 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +69.37% +10.51% -6.50%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.25 £13.27
90th Percentile £51.55 £56.50 £33.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year +66.67% +12.30% +0.05%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London over the 6 months to 7 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

For the 6 months to 7 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 53 (77.94%) Terraform
2 52 (76.47%) DevOps
3 34 (50.00%) Kubernetes
4 33 (48.53%) Ansible
5 31 (45.59%) AWS
6 28 (41.18%) Agile Software Development
6 28 (41.18%) Linux
7 25 (36.76%) Docker
8 24 (35.29%) Jenkins
9 22 (32.35%) Python
10 20 (29.41%) Git (software)
10 20 (29.41%) Azure
11 17 (25.00%) Bash Shell
12 16 (23.53%) JIRA
13 15 (22.06%) Finance
13 15 (22.06%) Public Sector
14 14 (20.59%) Amazon EC2
14 14 (20.59%) Continuous Integration
14 14 (20.59%) Confluence
15 12 (17.65%) Microservices
15 12 (17.65%) Packer
15 12 (17.65%) Serverless
15 12 (17.65%) Security Cleared
16 10 (14.71%) AWS Lambda
16 10 (14.71%) GCP
16 10 (14.71%) AWS CloudFormation
16 10 (14.71%) Puppet
16 10 (14.71%) Istio
17 9 (13.24%) Amazon EKS
17 9 (13.24%) OpenShift

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (20.59%) Confluence
2 2 (2.94%) SharePoint
3 1 (1.47%) Apache
3 1 (1.47%) Apache Solr
3 1 (1.47%) Elasticsearch
3 1 (1.47%) nginx
Applications
1 1 (1.47%) Microsoft Excel
Cloud Services
1 31 (45.59%) AWS
2 20 (29.41%) Azure
3 14 (20.59%) Amazon EC2
4 12 (17.65%) Serverless
5 10 (14.71%) AWS CloudFormation
5 10 (14.71%) AWS Lambda
5 10 (14.71%) GCP
6 9 (13.24%) Amazon EKS
6 9 (13.24%) Amazon S3
6 9 (13.24%) OpenShift
7 7 (10.29%) GitHub
7 7 (10.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 6 (8.82%) Amazon ELB
9 5 (7.35%) Amazon ECS
9 5 (7.35%) Cloud Computing
10 4 (5.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 3 (4.41%) Route 53
12 2 (2.94%) AWS CodeBuild
12 2 (2.94%) AWS CodeDeploy
12 2 (2.94%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 3 (4.41%) DNS
1 3 (4.41%) Internet
2 2 (2.94%) HTTP
2 2 (2.94%) Intrusion Detection
2 2 (2.94%) OpenVPN
2 2 (2.94%) VPN
3 1 (1.47%) Firewall
3 1 (1.47%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (7.35%) Amazon RDS
2 4 (5.88%) MySQL
3 3 (4.41%) NoSQL
3 3 (4.41%) PostgreSQL
3 3 (4.41%) SQL Server
4 2 (2.94%) Amazon Aurora
4 2 (2.94%) Apache Cassandra
5 1 (1.47%) Amazon Athena
5 1 (1.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 1 (1.47%) Big Data
5 1 (1.47%) BigQuery
5 1 (1.47%) Data Warehouse
5 1 (1.47%) MariaDB
5 1 (1.47%) MongoDB
5 1 (1.47%) Power BI
5 1 (1.47%) RDBMS
5 1 (1.47%) Redis
5 1 (1.47%) Relational Database
5 1 (1.47%) Sybase ASE
Development Applications
1 24 (35.29%) Jenkins
2 20 (29.41%) Git (software)
3 16 (23.53%) JIRA
4 4 (5.88%) GitLab
5 2 (2.94%) Liquibase
5 2 (2.94%) TeamCity
5 2 (2.94%) Terragrunt
5 2 (2.94%) Visual Studio Team System
6 1 (1.47%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 1 (1.47%) Bitbucket
6 1 (1.47%) Bitbucket Server
6 1 (1.47%) CircleCI
6 1 (1.47%) Gradle
6 1 (1.47%) JUnit
6 1 (1.47%) Maven
6 1 (1.47%) Snyk
6 1 (1.47%) SonarQube
6 1 (1.47%) Subversion
6 1 (1.47%) Team Foundation Server
6 1 (1.47%) Visual Studio
General
1 15 (22.06%) Finance
1 15 (22.06%) Public Sector
2 3 (4.41%) Electronics
2 3 (4.41%) Manufacturing
2 3 (4.41%) Marketing
2 3 (4.41%) Telecoms
3 1 (1.47%) Advertising
3 1 (1.47%) Banking
3 1 (1.47%) International Banking
3 1 (1.47%) Law
3 1 (1.47%) Local Government
3 1 (1.47%) Retail
Job Titles
1 41 (60.29%) DevOps Engineer
2 8 (11.76%) AWS Engineer
3 7 (10.29%) AWS DevOps
4 6 (8.82%) AWS DevOps Engineer
4 6 (8.82%) Developer
5 5 (7.35%) Senior DevOps
5 5 (7.35%) Senior DevOps Engineer
5 5 (7.35%) Site Reliability Engineer
6 4 (5.88%) Architect
6 4 (5.88%) Site Engineer
7 3 (4.41%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 3 (4.41%) Azure Engineer
7 3 (4.41%) Cloud Engineer
7 3 (4.41%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 2 (2.94%) AWS Developer
8 2 (2.94%) Azure DevOps
8 2 (2.94%) DevOps Engineer - Fintech
8 2 (2.94%) Full Stack Developer
8 2 (2.94%) Migration Manager
8 2 (2.94%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4 (5.88%) .NET
1 4 (5.88%) Kafka
2 3 (4.41%) Elastic Stack
2 3 (4.41%) Spring Boot
3 2 (2.94%) .NET Core
3 2 (2.94%) AngularJS
3 2 (2.94%) ASP.NET Web API
3 2 (2.94%) CSS
3 2 (2.94%) Hibernate
3 2 (2.94%) HTML
3 2 (2.94%) JSON
3 2 (2.94%) Web Services
3 2 (2.94%) YAML
4 1 (1.47%) ASP.NET MVC
4 1 (1.47%) LAMP
4 1 (1.47%) LDAP
4 1 (1.47%) Node.js
4 1 (1.47%) RabbitMQ
4 1 (1.47%) REST
4 1 (1.47%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 3 (4.41%) Cloud Native
1 3 (4.41%) Management Information System
2 2 (2.94%) Algorithms
2 2 (2.94%) Data Structures
2 2 (2.94%) Hybrid Cloud
2 2 (2.94%) Public Cloud
3 1 (1.47%) Analytical Skills
3 1 (1.47%) Blog
3 1 (1.47%) Data Centre
3 1 (1.47%) FMCG
3 1 (1.47%) Greenfield Project
3 1 (1.47%) Linux Command Line
3 1 (1.47%) Reinsurance
3 1 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 28 (41.18%) Linux
2 3 (4.41%) Unix
2 3 (4.41%) Windows
3 2 (2.94%) Windows Server
4 1 (1.47%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 52 (76.47%) DevOps
2 28 (41.18%) Agile Software Development
3 14 (20.59%) Continuous Integration
4 12 (17.65%) Microservices
5 9 (13.24%) Continuous Delivery
6 8 (11.76%) Configuration Management
7 6 (8.82%) Business Intelligence
7 6 (8.82%) Migration
7 6 (8.82%) Software Engineering
8 5 (7.35%) Site Reliability Engineering
8 5 (7.35%) TDD
9 4 (5.88%) Analytics
9 4 (5.88%) Decision-Making
9 4 (5.88%) Immutable Infrastructure
9 4 (5.88%) Infrastructure Automation
9 4 (5.88%) Observability
9 4 (5.88%) Pair Programming
9 4 (5.88%) Programme Management
10 3 (4.41%) Machine Learning
10 3 (4.41%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 22 (32.35%) Python
2 17 (25.00%) Bash Shell
3 9 (13.24%) Java
4 8 (11.76%) PowerShell
5 7 (10.29%) Ruby
6 5 (7.35%) Go
6 5 (7.35%) Shell Script
7 4 (5.88%) C#
8 3 (4.41%) Groovy
8 3 (4.41%) JavaScript
8 3 (4.41%) SQL
9 2 (2.94%) C++
9 2 (2.94%) TypeScript
10 1 (1.47%) Java 8
10 1 (1.47%) Kotlin
10 1 (1.47%) Perl
10 1 (1.47%) Scala
10 1 (1.47%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 12 (17.65%) Security Cleared
2 6 (8.82%) SC Cleared
3 2 (2.94%) AWS Certification
3 2 (2.94%) CISSP
3 2 (2.94%) Degree
4 1 (1.47%) (ISC)2 CCSP
4 1 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (1.47%) Cisco Certification
4 1 (1.47%) CISM
4 1 (1.47%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.47%) NIST
1 1 (1.47%) QA
System Software
1 25 (36.76%) Docker
2 2 (2.94%) zsh
3 1 (1.47%) Active Directory
3 1 (1.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 53 (77.94%) Terraform
2 34 (50.00%) Kubernetes
3 33 (48.53%) Ansible
4 12 (17.65%) Packer
5 10 (14.71%) Istio
5 10 (14.71%) Puppet
6 5 (7.35%) Prometheus
7 4 (5.88%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (4.41%) Rancher
9 2 (2.94%) Graphite
9 2 (2.94%) Kibana
9 2 (2.94%) Nagios
9 2 (2.94%) Salt
10 1 (1.47%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 4 (5.88%) Microsoft
2 3 (4.41%) Atlassian
2 3 (4.41%) SaltStack
2 3 (4.41%) SAP
3 2 (2.94%) Oracle
3 2 (2.94%) Sybase
3 2 (2.94%) TOWER Software
4 1 (1.47%) Bloomberg
4 1 (1.47%) Cadence
4 1 (1.47%) Dynatrace
4 1 (1.47%) Google
4 1 (1.47%) Red Hat