Period
to 13 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 13 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
13 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 127 174 235
Rank change year-on-year +47 +61 -25
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 86 88 16
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.55% 1.23% 0.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.73% 1.41% 0.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 70 71 13
City of London median daily rate £575 £575 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +27.78% -18.18%
10th Percentile £500 £506 £415
90th Percentile £689 £675 £569
Central London median daily rate £563 £550 £450
% change year-on-year +2.27% +22.22% -18.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
City of London median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,961 6,249 6,480
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 89.19% 87.58% 89.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,839 4,928 5,163
City of London median daily rate £520 £513 £501
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.46% +2.40% +5.37%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
90th Percentile £677 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £513 £505 £500
% change year-on-year +1.49% +1.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 55 86 60
City of London median hourly rate £20.83 £19.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.63% +1.60% -6.50%
10th Percentile £12.04 £13.31 £13.15
90th Percentile £52.25 £34.00 £31.05
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £19.13 £20.25
% change year-on-year +9.80% -5.56% +6.58%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London over the 6 months to 13 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code within the City of London region over the 6 months to 13 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +23 7 £500 -13.04%
Infrastructure as Code
Central London

For the 6 months to 13 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 75 (87.21%) DevOps
2 53 (61.63%) Terraform
3 44 (51.16%) Kubernetes
4 41 (47.67%) AWS
5 36 (41.86%) Linux
6 34 (39.53%) Azure
7 33 (38.37%) Docker
8 32 (37.21%) Ansible
9 30 (34.88%) Agile Software Development
10 27 (31.40%) Microservices
11 26 (30.23%) Python
12 22 (25.58%) Jenkins
13 19 (22.09%) Puppet
13 19 (22.09%) Continuous Integration
14 18 (20.93%) GCP
15 15 (17.44%) Opscode Chef
15 15 (17.44%) Microsoft
16 14 (16.28%) Configuration Management
16 14 (16.28%) Continuous Delivery
17 13 (15.12%) Greenfield Project
17 13 (15.12%) .NET
18 12 (13.95%) Java
18 12 (13.95%) Amazon EC2
19 11 (12.79%) PaaS
19 11 (12.79%) Security Cleared
19 11 (12.79%) Ruby
20 10 (11.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 10 (11.63%) Bash Shell
20 10 (11.63%) Amazon S3
20 10 (11.63%) Law

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (8.14%) Confluence
2 5 (5.81%) Elasticsearch
3 2 (2.33%) IIS
4 1 (1.16%) Apache Spark
4 1 (1.16%) Cloud Foundry
4 1 (1.16%) nginx
Cloud Services
1 41 (47.67%) AWS
2 34 (39.53%) Azure
3 18 (20.93%) GCP
4 12 (13.95%) Amazon EC2
5 11 (12.79%) PaaS
6 10 (11.63%) Amazon S3
7 9 (10.47%) AWS CloudFormation
7 9 (10.47%) IaaS
8 8 (9.30%) Serverless
9 7 (8.14%) AWS Lambda
9 7 (8.14%) GitHub
10 5 (5.81%) AWS CodePipeline
10 5 (5.81%) Route 53
11 4 (4.65%) Amazon Glacier
11 4 (4.65%) Amazon SQS
11 4 (4.65%) AWS CodeDeploy
12 3 (3.49%) Azure Data Factory
13 2 (2.33%) Amazon ELB
13 2 (2.33%) OpenShift
13 2 (2.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 5 (5.81%) Firewall
2 3 (3.49%) DNS
3 2 (2.33%) NAS
3 2 (2.33%) SAN
4 1 (1.16%) DHCP
4 1 (1.16%) TCP/IP
4 1 (1.16%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (9.30%) Amazon RDS
2 4 (4.65%) Big Data
2 4 (4.65%) NoSQL
3 3 (3.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 3 (3.49%) Data Warehouse
4 2 (2.33%) Data Lake
4 2 (2.33%) DB2
5 1 (1.16%) Apache Cassandra
5 1 (1.16%) Apache Ignite
5 1 (1.16%) Cosmos DB
5 1 (1.16%) Flink
5 1 (1.16%) FoundationDB
5 1 (1.16%) Hadoop
5 1 (1.16%) InfluxDB
5 1 (1.16%) MongoDB
5 1 (1.16%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 22 (25.58%) Jenkins
2 10 (11.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 9 (10.47%) Git (software)
4 7 (8.14%) JIRA
5 3 (3.49%) SonarQube
5 3 (3.49%) TeamCity
6 2 (2.33%) GitLab
6 2 (2.33%) Octopus Deploy
6 2 (2.33%) Travis CI
6 2 (2.33%) Visual Studio Team System
7 1 (1.16%) Artifactory
7 1 (1.16%) CircleCI
7 1 (1.16%) Snyk
7 1 (1.16%) Sonatype Nexus
7 1 (1.16%) Subversion
General
1 10 (11.63%) Law
2 8 (9.30%) Finance
3 6 (6.98%) Banking
4 5 (5.81%) Public Sector
5 4 (4.65%) Investment Banking
6 3 (3.49%) Publishing
7 1 (1.16%) Billing
7 1 (1.16%) Financial Institution
7 1 (1.16%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 55 (63.95%) DevOps Engineer
2 17 (19.77%) Azure Engineer
3 16 (18.60%) AWS DevOps
3 16 (18.60%) AWS Engineer
3 16 (18.60%) Azure DevOps
4 15 (17.44%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 13 (15.12%) Azure DevOps Engineer
5 13 (15.12%) Kubernetes Engineer
6 8 (9.30%) Linux/Unix DevOps
7 7 (8.14%) Cloud Engineer
8 6 (6.98%) Linux Engineer
9 5 (5.81%) Linux DevOps Engineer
9 5 (5.81%) Operations Engineer
10 4 (4.65%) Platform Engineer
11 3 (3.49%) Architect
12 2 (2.33%) Azure Architect
12 2 (2.33%) Python Engineer
12 2 (2.33%) Senior DevOps
12 2 (2.33%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 1 (1.16%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (15.12%) .NET
2 7 (8.14%) .NET Core
2 7 (8.14%) Web Services
3 6 (6.98%) Kafka
4 3 (3.49%) JSON
4 3 (3.49%) RESTful
4 3 (3.49%) Spring
5 2 (2.33%) Swagger
6 1 (1.16%) JPA
6 1 (1.16%) Node.js
6 1 (1.16%) OAuth
6 1 (1.16%) OpenID
6 1 (1.16%) RabbitMQ
6 1 (1.16%) React
6 1 (1.16%) REST
6 1 (1.16%) SAML
6 1 (1.16%) SOAP
6 1 (1.16%) Software Packaging
6 1 (1.16%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 13 (15.12%) Greenfield Project
2 8 (9.30%) Virtual Team
3 7 (8.14%) Cloud Native
4 3 (3.49%) Analytical Skills
5 2 (2.33%) Blog
5 2 (2.33%) Clustering
5 2 (2.33%) Replication
5 2 (2.33%) Social Media
6 1 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (1.16%) Hybrid Cloud
6 1 (1.16%) iSeries
6 1 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (1.16%) Mainframe
6 1 (1.16%) Management Information System
6 1 (1.16%) Private Cloud
6 1 (1.16%) Security Operations Centre
6 1 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 36 (41.86%) Linux
2 8 (9.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 8 (9.30%) Windows
3 7 (8.14%) Unix
4 4 (4.65%) Debian
5 3 (3.49%) Solaris
6 2 (2.33%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
7 1 (1.16%) Android
7 1 (1.16%) CentOS
7 1 (1.16%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 75 (87.21%) DevOps
2 30 (34.88%) Agile Software Development
3 27 (31.40%) Microservices
4 19 (22.09%) Continuous Integration
5 14 (16.28%) Configuration Management
5 14 (16.28%) Continuous Delivery
6 9 (10.47%) Disaster Recovery
6 9 (10.47%) Problem-Solving
7 8 (9.30%) Infrastructure Automation
7 8 (9.30%) Software Engineering
8 7 (8.14%) DevSecOps
8 7 (8.14%) Migration
9 6 (6.98%) Analytics
9 6 (6.98%) E-Commerce
9 6 (6.98%) Immutable Infrastructure
9 6 (6.98%) Infrastructure Monitoring
9 6 (6.98%) Test Automation
10 5 (5.81%) SDLC
11 4 (4.65%) Machine Learning
11 4 (4.65%) Non-Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 26 (30.23%) Python
2 12 (13.95%) Java
3 11 (12.79%) Ruby
4 10 (11.63%) Bash Shell
5 9 (10.47%) Go
6 8 (9.30%) JavaScript
7 6 (6.98%) Groovy
7 6 (6.98%) PowerShell
7 6 (6.98%) Scala
8 5 (5.81%) Perl
9 4 (4.65%) C#
10 1 (1.16%) Clojure
10 1 (1.16%) ClojureScript
10 1 (1.16%) Java 8
10 1 (1.16%) Kotlin
10 1 (1.16%) PHP
10 1 (1.16%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 11 (12.79%) Security Cleared
2 7 (8.14%) SC Cleared
3 4 (4.65%) AWS Certification
4 2 (2.33%) Degree
4 2 (2.33%) RHCE
5 1 (1.16%) MCP
5 1 (1.16%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.16%) QA
System Software
1 33 (38.37%) Docker
2 3 (3.49%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (2.33%) Active Directory
3 2 (2.33%) Hyper-V
3 2 (2.33%) Veritas Cluster Server
3 2 (2.33%) Veritas Volume Manager
4 1 (1.16%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 53 (61.63%) Terraform
2 44 (51.16%) Kubernetes
3 32 (37.21%) Ansible
4 19 (22.09%) Puppet
5 15 (17.44%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (5.81%) Packer
7 4 (4.65%) Kibana
7 4 (4.65%) Prometheus
8 2 (2.33%) Consul
8 2 (2.33%) Salt
9 1 (1.16%) Cobbler
9 1 (1.16%) Graphite
9 1 (1.16%) Istio
9 1 (1.16%) Pingdom
9 1 (1.16%) Red Hat Satellite
9 1 (1.16%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 15 (17.44%) Microsoft
2 8 (9.30%) Red Hat
3 4 (4.65%) Google
4 3 (3.49%) EMC
4 3 (3.49%) VMware
5 2 (2.33%) Citrix
5 2 (2.33%) HP
5 2 (2.33%) IBM
5 2 (2.33%) Oracle
5 2 (2.33%) Sybase
5 2 (2.33%) Veritas
6 1 (1.16%) Atlassian
6 1 (1.16%) NetApp
6 1 (1.16%) New Relic
6 1 (1.16%) PagerDuty
6 1 (1.16%) ServiceNow
6 1 (1.16%) Splunk
6 1 (1.16%) TOWER Software