Period
to 29 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 29 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
29 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 82 132 169
Rank change year-on-year +50 +37 +61
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 42 85 90
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.16% 1.48% 1.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.46% 1.65% 1.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 42 69 73
Median daily rate £530 £575 £575
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.83% - +21.05%
10th Percentile £429 £500 £480
90th Percentile £675 £690 £668
Central London median daily rate £530 £556 £550
% change year-on-year -4.72% +1.14% +12.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,705 5,164 6,191
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.62% 89.70% 87.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,210 4,023 4,915
Median daily rate £525 £520 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.96% +1.96% -
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £688 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £520 £513 £510
% change year-on-year +1.46% +0.49% +2.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 54 95
Median hourly rate £32.00 £20.42 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +56.75% +9.17% -3.36%
10th Percentile £14.59 £12.04 £13.31
90th Percentile £46.53 £53.30 £34.20
Median hourly rate £32.00 £21.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year +52.38% +10.53% -7.32%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London over the 6 months to 29 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

For the 6 months to 29 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 36 (85.71%) Terraform
2 30 (71.43%) DevOps
3 21 (50.00%) AWS
4 20 (47.62%) Agile Software Development
5 19 (45.24%) Azure
6 17 (40.48%) Python
7 16 (38.10%) Ansible
8 14 (33.33%) Docker
8 14 (33.33%) Kubernetes
9 13 (30.95%) Java
10 12 (28.57%) Jenkins
10 12 (28.57%) Serverless
11 10 (23.81%) Microservices
12 9 (21.43%) Puppet
12 9 (21.43%) Linux
12 9 (21.43%) Continuous Integration
13 8 (19.05%) Finance
14 7 (16.67%) Migration
14 7 (16.67%) SQL
14 7 (16.67%) PaaS
14 7 (16.67%) Bash Shell
14 7 (16.67%) Git (software)
14 7 (16.67%) AWS CloudFormation
14 7 (16.67%) GCP
14 7 (16.67%) Opscode Chef
15 6 (14.29%) Continuous Delivery
15 6 (14.29%) Open Source
15 6 (14.29%) Configuration Management
15 6 (14.29%) Retail
15 6 (14.29%) TeamCity

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (4.76%) Apache
1 2 (4.76%) Confluence
1 2 (4.76%) nginx
2 1 (2.38%) Cloud Foundry
2 1 (2.38%) Jupyter
2 1 (2.38%) SharePoint
2 1 (2.38%) Tomcat
Applications
1 1 (2.38%) Microsoft Excel
Cloud Services
1 21 (50.00%) AWS
2 19 (45.24%) Azure
3 12 (28.57%) Serverless
4 7 (16.67%) AWS CloudFormation
4 7 (16.67%) GCP
4 7 (16.67%) PaaS
5 5 (11.90%) Amazon EC2
5 5 (11.90%) Amazon ECS
6 4 (9.52%) Amazon EKS
6 4 (9.52%) Azure Functions
6 4 (9.52%) Cloud Computing
6 4 (9.52%) GitHub
6 4 (9.52%) OpenShift
7 3 (7.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 3 (7.14%) Amazon S3
7 3 (7.14%) AWS Lambda
7 3 (7.14%) IaaS
7 3 (7.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 2 (4.76%) AWS CodePipeline
8 2 (4.76%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 5 (11.90%) DNS
2 3 (7.14%) Cisco ASA
2 3 (7.14%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
2 3 (7.14%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
2 3 (7.14%) HTTP
2 3 (7.14%) Network Security
3 2 (4.76%) BIG-IP
3 2 (4.76%) Cisco IOS
3 2 (4.76%) Firewall
3 2 (4.76%) H.323
3 2 (4.76%) MGCP
3 2 (4.76%) NX-OS
3 2 (4.76%) Sourcefire
3 2 (4.76%) TCP/IP
3 2 (4.76%) Unified Communications
3 2 (4.76%) VoIP
3 2 (4.76%) VPN
3 2 (4.76%) WAN
3 2 (4.76%) Wireless
4 1 (2.38%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (11.90%) Azure SQL Database
1 5 (11.90%) Cosmos DB
2 3 (7.14%) MySQL
2 3 (7.14%) PostgreSQL
2 3 (7.14%) Redis
3 2 (4.76%) Amazon Aurora
3 2 (4.76%) Apache Cassandra
4 1 (2.38%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 1 (2.38%) Amazon RDS
4 1 (2.38%) BigQuery
4 1 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
4 1 (2.38%) GIS
4 1 (2.38%) MariaDB
4 1 (2.38%) MongoDB
4 1 (2.38%) NoSQL
4 1 (2.38%) RDBMS
4 1 (2.38%) Relational Database
4 1 (2.38%) SQL Server
4 1 (2.38%) Sybase ASE
4 1 (2.38%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 12 (28.57%) Jenkins
2 7 (16.67%) Git (software)
3 6 (14.29%) TeamCity
4 5 (11.90%) Bitbucket
4 5 (11.90%) Octopus Deploy
4 5 (11.90%) Visual Studio Team System
5 3 (7.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 3 (7.14%) Gerrit
5 3 (7.14%) GitLab
5 3 (7.14%) Gradle
5 3 (7.14%) Maven
5 3 (7.14%) SonarQube
6 2 (4.76%) Artifactory
6 2 (4.76%) Grunt
6 2 (4.76%) gulp
6 2 (4.76%) JIRA
6 2 (4.76%) Liquibase
6 2 (4.76%) Snyk
7 1 (2.38%) Bitbucket Server
7 1 (2.38%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 8 (19.05%) Finance
2 6 (14.29%) Retail
3 5 (11.90%) Banking
4 4 (9.52%) Retail Finance
5 2 (4.76%) Public Sector
5 2 (4.76%) Telecoms
6 1 (2.38%) Games
6 1 (2.38%) International Banking
6 1 (2.38%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 20 (47.62%) DevOps Engineer
2 9 (21.43%) Azure Engineer
3 8 (19.05%) Azure DevOps Engineer
4 5 (11.90%) Architect
4 5 (11.90%) Cloud Engineer
4 5 (11.90%) Developer
5 4 (9.52%) AWS Engineer
5 4 (9.52%) Azure DevOps
6 3 (7.14%) AWS DevOps
6 3 (7.14%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 2 (4.76%) .NET Developer
7 2 (4.76%) Azure Architect
7 2 (4.76%) Data Architect
7 2 (4.76%) Full Stack Developer
7 2 (4.76%) Migration Manager
7 2 (4.76%) Network Engineer
7 2 (4.76%) Programme Manager
7 2 (4.76%) Security Engineer
7 2 (4.76%) Site Engineer
7 2 (4.76%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4 (9.52%) Kafka
1 4 (9.52%) Node.js
2 3 (7.14%) .NET
2 3 (7.14%) AngularJS
2 3 (7.14%) Spring Boot
2 3 (7.14%) Web Services
3 2 (4.76%) ASP.NET Web API
3 2 (4.76%) CSS
3 2 (4.76%) Flask
3 2 (4.76%) Hibernate
3 2 (4.76%) HTML
3 2 (4.76%) RabbitMQ
3 2 (4.76%) React
3 2 (4.76%) Redux
3 2 (4.76%) REST
3 2 (4.76%) ZeroMQ
4 1 (2.38%) .NET Core
4 1 (2.38%) LAPP Stack
4 1 (2.38%) LEMP Stack
4 1 (2.38%) RxJS
Miscellaneous
1 3 (7.14%) Algorithms
1 3 (7.14%) Blog
1 3 (7.14%) Data Structures
2 2 (4.76%) Analytical Skills
2 2 (4.76%) Cloud Native
2 2 (4.76%) Data Centre
2 2 (4.76%) Enterprise Software
2 2 (4.76%) Greenfield Project
2 2 (4.76%) Self-Motivation
3 1 (2.38%) Enterprise Cloud
3 1 (2.38%) FMCG
3 1 (2.38%) Hybrid Cloud
3 1 (2.38%) Management Information System
3 1 (2.38%) Reinsurance
3 1 (2.38%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 9 (21.43%) Linux
2 3 (7.14%) Unix
2 3 (7.14%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 30 (71.43%) DevOps
2 20 (47.62%) Agile Software Development
3 10 (23.81%) Microservices
4 9 (21.43%) Continuous Integration
5 7 (16.67%) Migration
6 6 (14.29%) Configuration Management
6 6 (14.29%) Continuous Delivery
6 6 (14.29%) Open Source
7 4 (9.52%) TDD
7 4 (9.52%) Test Automation
8 3 (7.14%) Fintech
8 3 (7.14%) Infrastructure Automation
8 3 (7.14%) Load Balancing
8 3 (7.14%) Problem-Solving
8 3 (7.14%) Process Improvement
8 3 (7.14%) Project Delivery
8 3 (7.14%) Scrum
8 3 (7.14%) Site Reliability Engineering
9 2 (4.76%) Architectural Design
9 2 (4.76%) Blue-Green Deployment
Programming Languages
1 17 (40.48%) Python
2 13 (30.95%) Java
3 7 (16.67%) Bash Shell
3 7 (16.67%) SQL
4 5 (11.90%) Go
4 5 (11.90%) JavaScript
5 4 (9.52%) PowerShell
6 3 (7.14%) C++
7 2 (4.76%) C#
7 2 (4.76%) ES6
7 2 (4.76%) R
7 2 (4.76%) Ruby
7 2 (4.76%) TypeScript
8 1 (2.38%) Java 8
8 1 (2.38%) Kotlin
8 1 (2.38%) PHP
8 1 (2.38%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 5 (11.90%) Security Cleared
2 4 (9.52%) SC Cleared
3 2 (4.76%) AWS Certification
3 2 (4.76%) CCNP
3 2 (4.76%) Cisco Certification
4 1 (2.38%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (2.38%) CCIE
4 1 (2.38%) CCNA
4 1 (2.38%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (2.38%) QA
System Software
1 14 (33.33%) Docker
2 2 (4.76%) Active Directory
2 2 (4.76%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 2 (4.76%) etcd
2 2 (4.76%) Varnish
2 2 (4.76%) Virtual Machines
2 2 (4.76%) VMware NSX
2 2 (4.76%) zsh
Systems Management
1 36 (85.71%) Terraform
2 16 (38.10%) Ansible
3 14 (33.33%) Kubernetes
4 9 (21.43%) Puppet
5 7 (16.67%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (11.90%) Salt
7 2 (4.76%) Cisco CUCM
7 2 (4.76%) Cisco Prime
7 2 (4.76%) Consul
7 2 (4.76%) Grafana
7 2 (4.76%) ITRS Geneos
7 2 (4.76%) Prometheus
8 1 (2.38%) HP Fortify
8 1 (2.38%) Packer
8 1 (2.38%) SolarWinds Orion
Vendors
1 3 (7.14%) Cisco
1 3 (7.14%) F5
1 3 (7.14%) Microsoft
1 3 (7.14%) Palo Alto
1 3 (7.14%) SaltStack
2 2 (4.76%) ExtraHop
2 2 (4.76%) Google
2 2 (4.76%) SolarWinds
2 2 (4.76%) VMware
3 1 (2.38%) Atlassian
3 1 (2.38%) Bloomberg
3 1 (2.38%) CheckPoint
3 1 (2.38%) Databricks
3 1 (2.38%) Oracle
3 1 (2.38%) Radianz
3 1 (2.38%) Red Hat
3 1 (2.38%) Sybase