Period
to 8 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 8 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
8 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 97 161 209
Rank change year-on-year +64 +48 -1
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 88 85 51
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.13% 1.24% 0.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.44% 1.39% 0.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 76 63 43
Median daily rate £588 £575 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.17% +9.52% -2.33%
10th Percentile £463 £450 £425
90th Percentile £708 £688 £575
Central London median daily rate £575 £575 £525
% change year-on-year - +9.52% -4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,604 6,106 6,349
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 87.22% 89.40% 89.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,646 4,712 5,047
Median daily rate £525 £525 £510
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% +3.55%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £338
90th Percentile £675 £675 £697
Central London median daily rate £511 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -2.67% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 55 87
Median hourly rate £26.22 £22.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.18% +10.00% -2.53%
10th Percentile £12.42 £12.76 £11.81
90th Percentile £52.25 £42.61 £46.16
Median hourly rate £32.51 £21.50 £21.50
% change year-on-year +51.22% - +13.16%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London over the 6 months to 8 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

For the 6 months to 8 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 75 (85.23%) DevOps
2 67 (76.14%) Terraform
3 49 (55.68%) Kubernetes
4 45 (51.14%) Agile Software Development
5 39 (44.32%) Linux
6 38 (43.18%) AWS
6 38 (43.18%) Docker
7 36 (40.91%) Ansible
8 34 (38.64%) Jenkins
9 28 (31.82%) Python
10 26 (29.55%) Git (software)
11 24 (27.27%) Amazon EC2
12 23 (26.14%) JIRA
13 22 (25.00%) Security Cleared
13 22 (25.00%) Public Sector
14 21 (23.86%) Continuous Integration
14 21 (23.86%) Confluence
15 19 (21.59%) Continuous Delivery
16 18 (20.45%) Packer
17 17 (19.32%) Istio
17 17 (19.32%) Ruby
18 14 (15.91%) Go
18 14 (15.91%) Azure
18 14 (15.91%) Bash Shell
19 13 (14.77%) Java
19 13 (14.77%) Serverless
20 12 (13.64%) Finance
21 11 (12.50%) JavaScript
21 11 (12.50%) Amazon S3
22 10 (11.36%) Puppet

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (23.86%) Confluence
2 4 (4.55%) Elasticsearch
3 1 (1.14%) Apache Solr
Cloud Services
1 38 (43.18%) AWS
2 24 (27.27%) Amazon EC2
3 14 (15.91%) Azure
4 13 (14.77%) Serverless
5 11 (12.50%) Amazon S3
6 10 (11.36%) AWS CloudFormation
6 10 (11.36%) GCP
7 9 (10.23%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (9.09%) GitHub
9 7 (7.95%) Amazon EKS
9 7 (7.95%) OpenShift
10 6 (6.82%) Cloud Computing
10 6 (6.82%) PaaS
10 6 (6.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 5 (5.68%) Amazon ELB
11 5 (5.68%) Route 53
12 3 (3.41%) Amazon SQS
12 3 (3.41%) IaaS
13 2 (2.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 2 (2.27%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 6 (6.82%) DNS
1 6 (6.82%) Firewall
2 3 (3.41%) VPN
3 2 (2.27%) HTTP
3 2 (2.27%) Internet
3 2 (2.27%) Intrusion Detection
3 2 (2.27%) OpenVPN
3 2 (2.27%) SSL
3 2 (2.27%) TCP/IP
4 1 (1.14%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (7.95%) Amazon RDS
2 6 (6.82%) Data Warehouse
2 6 (6.82%) NoSQL
3 3 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (2.27%) Big Data
4 2 (2.27%) MySQL
4 2 (2.27%) Redis
5 1 (1.14%) Amazon Athena
5 1 (1.14%) Amazon Aurora
5 1 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 1 (1.14%) Apache Cassandra
5 1 (1.14%) Apache Ignite
5 1 (1.14%) Blockchain
5 1 (1.14%) Flink
5 1 (1.14%) MongoDB
5 1 (1.14%) Power BI
5 1 (1.14%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 34 (38.64%) Jenkins
2 26 (29.55%) Git (software)
3 23 (26.14%) JIRA
4 3 (3.41%) Visual Studio Team System
5 2 (2.27%) CircleCI
5 2 (2.27%) GitLab
6 1 (1.14%) Artifactory
6 1 (1.14%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 1 (1.14%) Liquibase
6 1 (1.14%) SonarQube
6 1 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
6 1 (1.14%) Subversion
6 1 (1.14%) Terragrunt
6 1 (1.14%) Travis CI
General
1 22 (25.00%) Public Sector
2 12 (13.64%) Finance
3 1 (1.14%) Banking
3 1 (1.14%) Investment Banking
3 1 (1.14%) Retail
3 1 (1.14%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 53 (60.23%) DevOps Engineer
2 15 (17.05%) AWS DevOps
3 13 (14.77%) AWS Engineer
4 12 (13.64%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 10 (11.36%) Platform Engineer
6 9 (10.23%) Cloud Engineer
7 5 (5.68%) Azure Engineer
8 4 (4.55%) Azure DevOps
8 4 (4.55%) Python Engineer
9 3 (3.41%) Architect
9 3 (3.41%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 3 (3.41%) Developer
9 3 (3.41%) Senior DevOps
9 3 (3.41%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 3 (3.41%) Site Reliability Engineer
10 2 (2.27%) AWS Developer
10 2 (2.27%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 2 (2.27%) Operations Engineer
10 2 (2.27%) Senior Cloud Engineer
10 2 (2.27%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6 (6.82%) .NET
2 3 (3.41%) Kafka
3 2 (2.27%) Elastic Stack
3 2 (2.27%) JSON
3 2 (2.27%) Spring Boot
3 2 (2.27%) Web Services
3 2 (2.27%) YAML
4 1 (1.14%) .NET Core
4 1 (1.14%) Hibernate
4 1 (1.14%) JPA
4 1 (1.14%) Node.js
4 1 (1.14%) RESTful
4 1 (1.14%) Software Packaging
4 1 (1.14%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 9 (10.23%) Cloud Native
2 7 (7.95%) Virtual Team
3 6 (6.82%) Analytical Skills
4 3 (3.41%) Public Cloud
5 2 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
5 2 (2.27%) Management Information System
5 2 (2.27%) Mobile App
6 1 (1.14%) Enterprise Cloud
6 1 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (1.14%) Security Operations Centre
Operating Systems
1 39 (44.32%) Linux
2 7 (7.95%) Windows
3 4 (4.55%) Unix
4 3 (3.41%) Windows Server
5 2 (2.27%) Android
6 1 (1.14%) Debian
6 1 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (1.14%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 75 (85.23%) DevOps
2 45 (51.14%) Agile Software Development
3 21 (23.86%) Continuous Integration
4 19 (21.59%) Continuous Delivery
5 10 (11.36%) Microservices
6 8 (9.09%) Configuration Management
7 7 (7.95%) Business Intelligence
7 7 (7.95%) Non-Functional Testing
8 6 (6.82%) Dashboard Development
8 6 (6.82%) Deployment Automation
8 6 (6.82%) High Availability
8 6 (6.82%) Immutable Infrastructure
9 5 (5.68%) Analytics
9 5 (5.68%) Software Engineering
9 5 (5.68%) TDD
10 4 (4.55%) Observability
10 4 (4.55%) Pair Programming
10 4 (4.55%) Time Management
11 3 (3.41%) Infrastructure Automation
11 3 (3.41%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 28 (31.82%) Python
2 17 (19.32%) Ruby
3 14 (15.91%) Bash Shell
3 14 (15.91%) Go
4 13 (14.77%) Java
5 11 (12.50%) JavaScript
6 9 (10.23%) Groovy
6 9 (10.23%) PowerShell
7 7 (7.95%) Scala
8 6 (6.82%) C#
9 4 (4.55%) Shell Script
10 3 (3.41%) SQL
11 1 (1.14%) Java 8
11 1 (1.14%) Perl
11 1 (1.14%) R
Qualifications
1 22 (25.00%) Security Cleared
2 10 (11.36%) SC Cleared
3 2 (2.27%) AWS Certification
3 2 (2.27%) Degree
4 1 (1.14%) CISSP
4 1 (1.14%) MCP
4 1 (1.14%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.14%) NIST
1 1 (1.14%) QA
System Software
1 38 (43.18%) Docker
2 2 (2.27%) Active Directory
3 1 (1.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (1.14%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (1.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (1.14%) zsh
Systems Management
1 67 (76.14%) Terraform
2 49 (55.68%) Kubernetes
3 36 (40.91%) Ansible
4 18 (20.45%) Packer
5 17 (19.32%) Istio
6 10 (11.36%) Puppet
7 5 (5.68%) Prometheus
8 3 (3.41%) Graphite
8 3 (3.41%) Kibana
8 3 (3.41%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (2.27%) Nagios
9 2 (2.27%) Salt
10 1 (1.14%) Cobbler
10 1 (1.14%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 3 (3.41%) Atlassian
1 3 (3.41%) Microsoft
2 2 (2.27%) Lets Encrypt
2 2 (2.27%) Red Hat
2 2 (2.27%) TOWER Software
3 1 (1.14%) Cadence
3 1 (1.14%) Dynatrace
3 1 (1.14%) Oracle
3 1 (1.14%) PagerDuty
3 1 (1.14%) SaltStack
3 1 (1.14%) ServiceNow
3 1 (1.14%) Sybase
3 1 (1.14%) VMware