Period
to 12 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 12 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 111 71 164
Rank change year-on-year -40 +93 +15
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 45 80 69
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 1.52% 2.77% 1.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.68% 3.18% 1.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 39 68 50
10th Percentile £473 £421 £450
25th Percentile £513 £503 £481
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £600 £575
Median % change year-on-year -4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £725 £641 £669
90th Percentile £793 £706 £701
Central London median daily rate £575 £600 £550
% change year-on-year -4.17% +9.09% -

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,678 2,514 5,748
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.75% 87.14% 89.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,954 1,874 4,473
10th Percentile £350 £331 £350
25th Percentile £442 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £543 £515 £525
Median % change year-on-year +5.34% -1.90% +2.94%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £600
90th Percentile £714 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £538 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +7.50% -4.76% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 48 59
10th Percentile £8.00 £12.42 £11.25
25th Percentile £12.38 £14.28 £12.76
Median hourly rate £23.00 £23.37 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year -1.57% +19.83% +4.28%
75th Percentile £29.50 £39.25 £37.50
90th Percentile £42.40 £52.65 £45.21
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -16.00% +25.00% +2.56%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

For the 6 months to 12 June 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 36 (80.00%) DevOps
2 34 (75.56%) Terraform
3 25 (55.56%) Python
4 24 (53.33%) Azure
5 22 (48.89%) Kubernetes
6 19 (42.22%) Docker
7 17 (37.78%) AWS
8 16 (35.56%) Ansible
9 14 (31.11%) Agile Software Development
10 12 (26.67%) Jenkins
11 10 (22.22%) Git (software)
11 10 (22.22%) Microservices
12 9 (20.00%) Analytics
13 8 (17.78%) Test Automation
13 8 (17.78%) Bash Shell
13 8 (17.78%) Java
13 8 (17.78%) JavaScript
13 8 (17.78%) SQL
13 8 (17.78%) Finance
14 7 (15.56%) Microsoft
14 7 (15.56%) Linux
14 7 (15.56%) PowerShell
14 7 (15.56%) IaaS
14 7 (15.56%) Problem-Solving
15 6 (13.33%) Architectural Design
15 6 (13.33%) AWS CloudFormation
15 6 (13.33%) AWS Lambda
15 6 (13.33%) Node.js
15 6 (13.33%) Data Analytics
15 6 (13.33%) PaaS

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (2.22%) Apache Solr
1 1 (2.22%) Cloud Foundry
1 1 (2.22%) Confluence
1 1 (2.22%) Elasticsearch
1 1 (2.22%) nginx
1 1 (2.22%) SharePoint
Cloud Services
1 24 (53.33%) Azure
2 17 (37.78%) AWS
3 7 (15.56%) IaaS
4 6 (13.33%) AWS CloudFormation
4 6 (13.33%) AWS Lambda
4 6 (13.33%) PaaS
5 5 (11.11%) GCP
5 5 (11.11%) Serverless
6 4 (8.89%) Azure Data Factory
6 4 (8.89%) Power Platform
7 3 (6.67%) Azure Synapse Analytics
7 3 (6.67%) GitHub
7 3 (6.67%) SaaS
8 2 (4.44%) Akamai
8 2 (4.44%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 2 (4.44%) Amazon GuardDuty
8 2 (4.44%) Azure Active Directory
9 1 (2.22%) Boomi
9 1 (2.22%) Datadog
9 1 (2.22%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 1 (2.22%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (11.11%) Data Lake
2 4 (8.89%) Azure SQL Database
2 4 (8.89%) Data Warehouse
2 4 (8.89%) Power BI
3 3 (6.67%) NoSQL
4 2 (4.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
4 2 (4.44%) Delta Lake
4 2 (4.44%) Microsoft Analysis Services
4 2 (4.44%) SQL Server
4 2 (4.44%) SQL Server Analysis Services
5 1 (2.22%) Apache Cassandra
5 1 (2.22%) Big Data
5 1 (2.22%) Hazelcast
5 1 (2.22%) Redis
Development Applications
1 12 (26.67%) Jenkins
2 10 (22.22%) Git (software)
3 5 (11.11%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 5 (11.11%) JIRA
4 2 (4.44%) CircleCI
4 2 (4.44%) Codeship
4 2 (4.44%) git-flow
4 2 (4.44%) TeamCity
5 1 (2.22%) Artifactory
5 1 (2.22%) GitLab
5 1 (2.22%) HP UFT
5 1 (2.22%) Robot Framework
5 1 (2.22%) Selenium
5 1 (2.22%) Snyk
5 1 (2.22%) SonarQube
5 1 (2.22%) Travis CI
General
1 8 (17.78%) Finance
2 4 (8.89%) Retail
3 3 (6.67%) Public Sector
3 3 (6.67%) Social Skills
4 2 (4.44%) Presentation Skills
5 1 (2.22%) Banking
Job Titles
1 14 (31.11%) DevOps Engineer
2 7 (15.56%) Architect
3 6 (13.33%) Developer
4 5 (11.11%) AWS Engineer
4 5 (11.11%) Azure Engineer
5 4 (8.89%) AWS DevOps
5 4 (8.89%) Azure DevOps Engineer
5 4 (8.89%) Cloud Engineer
5 4 (8.89%) Data Engineer
6 3 (6.67%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 3 (6.67%) Azure Architect
6 3 (6.67%) Security Engineer
7 2 (4.44%) Cloud Architect
7 2 (4.44%) DevOps Architect
7 2 (4.44%) Full Stack Developer
7 2 (4.44%) Java Developer
7 2 (4.44%) Lead Architect
7 2 (4.44%) Platform Engineer
7 2 (4.44%) Senior Data Engineer
7 2 (4.44%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6 (13.33%) Node.js
2 5 (11.11%) React
2 5 (11.11%) Web Services
3 3 (6.67%) .NET
4 2 (4.44%) AngularJS
4 2 (4.44%) Apollo GraphQL
4 2 (4.44%) GraphQL
4 2 (4.44%) PySpark
5 1 (2.22%) Elastic Stack
5 1 (2.22%) JSON
5 1 (2.22%) Kafka
5 1 (2.22%) Lucene
5 1 (2.22%) REST
5 1 (2.22%) RESTful
5 1 (2.22%) RxJava
5 1 (2.22%) Serverless Framework
5 1 (2.22%) Swagger
5 1 (2.22%) Vert.x
5 1 (2.22%) XML
5 1 (2.22%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 4 (8.89%) Cloud Native
1 4 (8.89%) Management Information System
2 3 (6.67%) Public Cloud
3 2 (4.44%) Client/Server
4 1 (2.22%) Algorithms
4 1 (2.22%) Hybrid Cloud
4 1 (2.22%) Mobile App
4 1 (2.22%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 7 (15.56%) Linux
2 2 (4.44%) Windows
3 1 (2.22%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 36 (80.00%) DevOps
2 14 (31.11%) Agile Software Development
3 10 (22.22%) Microservices
4 9 (20.00%) Analytics
5 8 (17.78%) Test Automation
6 7 (15.56%) Problem-Solving
7 6 (13.33%) Architectural Design
7 6 (13.33%) Data Analytics
7 6 (13.33%) Scrum
8 5 (11.11%) Business Intelligence
8 5 (11.11%) Kanban
8 5 (11.11%) Migration
9 4 (8.89%) Continuous Integration
9 4 (8.89%) Data Modelling
9 4 (8.89%) Deployment Automation
9 4 (8.89%) ETL
9 4 (8.89%) Fintech
9 4 (8.89%) Release Management
9 4 (8.89%) Site Reliability Engineering
9 4 (8.89%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 25 (55.56%) Python
2 8 (17.78%) Bash Shell
2 8 (17.78%) Java
2 8 (17.78%) JavaScript
2 8 (17.78%) SQL
3 7 (15.56%) PowerShell
4 4 (8.89%) TypeScript
5 3 (6.67%) C#
5 3 (6.67%) Go
6 2 (4.44%) Ruby
7 1 (2.22%) Ada
Qualifications
1 3 (6.67%) AWS Certification
2 2 (4.44%) Security Cleared
3 1 (2.22%) (ISC)2 CCSP
3 1 (2.22%) Cisco Certification
3 1 (2.22%) CISM
3 1 (2.22%) CISSP
3 1 (2.22%) DBS Check
3 1 (2.22%) Degree
3 1 (2.22%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (8.89%) QA
2 1 (2.22%) Accessibility
System Software
1 19 (42.22%) Docker
Systems Management
1 34 (75.56%) Terraform
2 22 (48.89%) Kubernetes
3 16 (35.56%) Ansible
4 4 (8.89%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (8.89%) Puppet
5 1 (2.22%) Grafana
5 1 (2.22%) HP Fortify
5 1 (2.22%) Mesos
5 1 (2.22%) Microsoft Intune
5 1 (2.22%) Packer
5 1 (2.22%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 7 (15.56%) Microsoft
2 5 (11.11%) Databricks
3 3 (6.67%) Splunk
4 2 (4.44%) Google
4 2 (4.44%) Rollbar
4 2 (4.44%) ServiceNow
5 1 (2.22%) AppDynamics
5 1 (2.22%) Dell
5 1 (2.22%) New Relic