Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 23 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC, Infra as Code)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 46 103 82
Rank change year-on-year +57 -21 +90
Contract jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 198 47 78
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 4.77% 1.65% 2.46%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.22% 1.80% 2.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 159 40 66
10th Percentile £475 £474 £438
25th Percentile £525 £513 £509
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £575 £600
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% -4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £763 £725 £650
90th Percentile £850 £790 £689
Central London median daily rate £625 £575 £600
% change year-on-year +8.70% -4.17% +9.09%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,790 2,604 2,803
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 91.39% 91.59% 88.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,865 1,889 2,083
10th Percentile £388 £340 £338
25th Percentile £475 £431 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £515
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +1.94% -1.90%
75th Percentile £688 £628 £603
90th Percentile £775 £713 £675
Central London median daily rate £570 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +8.57% +5.00% -4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 28 50
10th Percentile £18.50 £8.00 £12.42
25th Percentile £21.00 £12.28 £14.41
Median hourly rate £40.50 £22.98 £24.06
Median % change year-on-year +76.28% -4.51% +21.82%
75th Percentile £54.38 £28.94 £39.13
90th Percentile £62.50 £38.98 £52.33
Central London median hourly rate £40.50 £20.00 £24.31
% change year-on-year +102.50% -17.73% +21.55%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 159 (80.30%) DevOps
2 150 (75.76%) Terraform
3 137 (69.19%) CI/CD
4 118 (59.60%) AWS
5 79 (39.90%) Azure
6 78 (39.39%) Docker
7 75 (37.88%) Python
8 64 (32.32%) Kubernetes
9 62 (31.31%) Jenkins
10 61 (30.81%) Finance
11 59 (29.80%) Agile
12 57 (28.79%) Serverless
13 52 (26.26%) PowerShell
14 37 (18.69%) Git (software)
15 36 (18.18%) Ansible
16 34 (17.17%) Cloud Native
17 33 (16.67%) Linux
18 31 (15.66%) Migration
19 30 (15.15%) Test Automation
20 28 (14.14%) Software Engineering
20 28 (14.14%) Bash
20 28 (14.14%) Microsoft
21 25 (12.63%) AWS Lambda
21 25 (12.63%) Platform Engineering
22 24 (12.12%) AWS CloudFormation
23 23 (11.62%) Configuration Management
23 23 (11.62%) Data Protection
24 22 (11.11%) SaaS
24 22 (11.11%) GitHub
24 22 (11.11%) Java

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (5.56%) Confluence
2 6 (3.03%) NServiceBus
3 5 (2.53%) Apache Airflow
3 5 (2.53%) Apache Spark
4 2 (1.01%) GlassFish
5 1 (0.51%) Apache
5 1 (0.51%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.51%) nginx
5 1 (0.51%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.51%) Tomcat
Applications
1 2 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 2 (1.01%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 118 (59.60%) AWS
2 79 (39.90%) Azure
3 57 (28.79%) Serverless
4 25 (12.63%) AWS Lambda
5 24 (12.12%) AWS CloudFormation
6 22 (11.11%) GitHub
6 22 (11.11%) SaaS
7 19 (9.60%) PaaS
8 17 (8.59%) Amazon EC2
8 17 (8.59%) Amazon ECS
8 17 (8.59%) GCP
9 16 (8.08%) IaaS
9 16 (8.08%) Snowflake
10 15 (7.58%) Amazon S3
10 15 (7.58%) AWS CodePipeline
11 13 (6.57%) AWS CodeBuild
11 13 (6.57%) AWS Fargate
12 12 (6.06%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 11 (5.56%) Azure Monitor
14 9 (4.55%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 11 (5.56%) DNS
1 11 (5.56%) VPN
2 10 (5.05%) WAN
3 8 (4.04%) SD-WAN
4 6 (3.03%) DHCP
5 5 (2.53%) Firewall
5 5 (2.53%) LAN
6 4 (2.02%) Network Security
7 3 (1.52%) IPv6
7 3 (1.52%) NGN
7 3 (1.52%) TCP/IP
8 2 (1.01%) Cisco ASA
8 2 (1.01%) HTTP
8 2 (1.01%) iSCSI
8 2 (1.01%) SSH
8 2 (1.01%) Wireless
9 1 (0.51%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (8.59%) Data Warehouse
2 9 (4.55%) Big Data
3 7 (3.54%) Relational Database
4 6 (3.03%) MongoDB
5 5 (2.53%) Amazon RDS
5 5 (2.53%) Hadoop
5 5 (2.53%) PostgreSQL
6 4 (2.02%) NoSQL
7 3 (1.52%) MySQL
7 3 (1.52%) SQL Server
8 2 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 2 (1.01%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
8 2 (1.01%) Metadata
8 2 (1.01%) Neo4j
9 1 (0.51%) Amazon Athena
9 1 (0.51%) Amazon Redshift
9 1 (0.51%) Azure SQL Database
9 1 (0.51%) BigQuery
9 1 (0.51%) CouchDB
9 1 (0.51%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 62 (31.31%) Jenkins
2 37 (18.69%) Git (software)
3 21 (10.61%) TeamCity
4 16 (8.08%) JIRA
5 15 (7.58%) GitLab
6 9 (4.55%) CircleCI
7 7 (3.54%) git-flow
8 5 (2.53%) SonarQube
9 4 (2.02%) Cucumber
10 3 (1.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 3 (1.52%) Checkstyle
10 3 (1.52%) JUnit
10 3 (1.52%) Maven
10 3 (1.52%) Selenium
11 2 (1.01%) JMeter
11 2 (1.01%) Protractor
11 2 (1.01%) REST Assured
11 2 (1.01%) Sonatype Nexus
11 2 (1.01%) Terragrunt
12 1 (0.51%) Bitbucket Server
General
1 61 (30.81%) Finance
2 21 (10.61%) Financial Institution
2 21 (10.61%) Legal
3 20 (10.10%) Social Skills
4 19 (9.60%) Tech for Good
5 13 (6.57%) Banking
6 9 (4.55%) Retail
7 8 (4.04%) Presentation Skills
8 6 (3.03%) Public Sector
9 5 (2.53%) Analytical Skills
9 5 (2.53%) Documentation Skills
10 3 (1.52%) Influencing Skills
11 2 (1.01%) Law
12 1 (0.51%) Front Office
12 1 (0.51%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 49 (24.75%) DevOps Engineer
2 34 (17.17%) AWS Engineer
3 32 (16.16%) Cloud Engineer
4 26 (13.13%) AWS DevOps
5 21 (10.61%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 21 (10.61%) Senior DevOps
6 20 (10.10%) Azure Engineer
7 12 (6.06%) Architect
7 12 (6.06%) Engineering Manager
7 12 (6.06%) Software Engineering Manager
7 12 (6.06%) Software Manager
8 11 (5.56%) Developer
8 11 (5.56%) Security Engineer
9 9 (4.55%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 6 (3.03%) Azure DevOps
10 6 (3.03%) Lead DevOps
10 6 (3.03%) Platform Engineer
10 6 (3.03%) Senior Cloud Engineer
10 6 (3.03%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 5 (2.53%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (6.06%) ARM Templates
2 10 (5.05%) .NET
3 7 (3.54%) Elastic Stack
3 7 (3.54%) pytest
4 6 (3.03%) Kafka
4 6 (3.03%) RabbitMQ
4 6 (3.03%) Spring
5 5 (2.53%) Azure Blueprints
5 5 (2.53%) JSON
5 5 (2.53%) LDAP
5 5 (2.53%) Spring Boot
5 5 (2.53%) YAML
6 4 (2.02%) Flask
6 4 (2.02%) OAuth
6 4 (2.02%) Pandas
6 4 (2.02%) REST
6 4 (2.02%) scikit-learn
7 3 (1.52%) OAuth2
7 3 (1.52%) SAML
7 3 (1.52%) SQLAlchemy
Miscellaneous
1 34 (17.17%) Cloud Native
2 21 (10.61%) Hedge funds
3 18 (9.09%) Public Cloud
4 14 (7.07%) Hybrid Cloud
5 10 (5.05%) Linux Command Line
6 7 (3.54%) Data Centre
7 5 (2.53%) Greenfield Project
8 4 (2.02%) PKI
9 3 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
10 2 (1.01%) Enterprise Storage
10 2 (1.01%) Legacy Applications
10 2 (1.01%) Legacy Systems
10 2 (1.01%) Private Cloud
10 2 (1.01%) Replication
10 2 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
11 1 (0.51%) Cyberthreat
11 1 (0.51%) Fixed Income
11 1 (0.51%) Mobile App
11 1 (0.51%) Robotics
11 1 (0.51%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 33 (16.67%) Linux
2 20 (10.10%) Windows
3 3 (1.52%) CentOS
3 3 (1.52%) Oracle Linux
3 3 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 2 (1.01%) Ubuntu
4 2 (1.01%) Windows Server
4 2 (1.01%) Windows Server 2016
4 2 (1.01%) Windows Server 2019
5 1 (0.51%) Solaris
5 1 (0.51%) SUSE
5 1 (0.51%) Unix
5 1 (0.51%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 159 (80.30%) DevOps
2 137 (69.19%) CI/CD
3 59 (29.80%) Agile
4 31 (15.66%) Migration
5 30 (15.15%) Test Automation
6 28 (14.14%) Software Engineering
7 25 (12.63%) Platform Engineering
8 23 (11.62%) Configuration Management
8 23 (11.62%) Data Protection
9 22 (11.11%) Microservices
10 21 (10.61%) Data Science
11 15 (7.58%) Analytics
11 15 (7.58%) Data Pipeline
12 13 (6.57%) Community of Practice
13 12 (6.06%) AOP
13 12 (6.06%) Full Stack Development
13 12 (6.06%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 12 (6.06%) Mentoring
13 12 (6.06%) Observability
13 12 (6.06%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 75 (37.88%) Python
2 52 (26.26%) PowerShell
3 28 (14.14%) Bash
4 22 (11.11%) Java
5 13 (6.57%) SQL
6 12 (6.06%) Go
6 12 (6.06%) Ruby
7 5 (2.53%) C#
7 5 (2.53%) JavaScript
8 3 (1.52%) Perl
9 2 (1.01%) Shell Script
10 1 (0.51%) C
10 1 (0.51%) Groovy
10 1 (0.51%) PHP
Qualifications
1 12 (6.06%) AWS Certification
2 10 (5.05%) SC Cleared
2 10 (5.05%) Security Cleared
3 5 (2.53%) Degree
4 2 (1.01%) CISSP
4 2 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
4 2 (1.01%) TOGAF Certification
5 1 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.51%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
5 1 (0.51%) MCP
5 1 (0.51%) MCSE
5 1 (0.51%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (11.11%) GDPR
2 3 (1.52%) QA
3 1 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 78 (39.39%) Docker
2 14 (7.07%) Active Directory
3 6 (3.03%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (1.52%) Hyper-V
5 3 (1.52%) NFS
6 1 (0.51%) Firmware
6 1 (0.51%) Shibboleth
6 1 (0.51%) Veritas File System
6 1 (0.51%) Veritas Volume Manager
6 1 (0.51%) VirtualBox
6 1 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.51%) VMware NSX
6 1 (0.51%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 150 (75.76%) Terraform
2 64 (32.32%) Kubernetes
3 36 (18.18%) Ansible
4 19 (9.60%) Opscode Chef
5 18 (9.09%) Puppet
6 7 (3.54%) Microsoft Intune
7 5 (2.53%) Grafana
7 5 (2.53%) Prometheus
8 4 (2.02%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 3 (1.52%) Nagios
10 2 (1.01%) Salt
11 1 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
11 1 (0.51%) FortiGate
11 1 (0.51%) HAProxy
11 1 (0.51%) Icinga
11 1 (0.51%) Kibana
11 1 (0.51%) logstash
11 1 (0.51%) Packer
11 1 (0.51%) QRadar
11 1 (0.51%) vRealize
Vendors
1 28 (14.14%) Microsoft
2 7 (3.54%) Red Hat
2 7 (3.54%) Splunk
3 5 (2.53%) Atlassian
3 5 (2.53%) Cisco
3 5 (2.53%) Google
3 5 (2.53%) Meraki
3 5 (2.53%) VMware
4 4 (2.02%) NetApp
4 4 (2.02%) ServiceNow
4 4 (2.02%) Zscaler
5 3 (1.52%) Citrix
5 3 (1.52%) Dell
5 3 (1.52%) EMC
5 3 (1.52%) IBM
5 3 (1.52%) Oracle
5 3 (1.52%) Refinitiv
6 2 (1.01%) CrowdStrike
6 2 (1.01%) Databricks
6 2 (1.01%) Spotify