Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
Central London > City of London
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 30 83 41
Rank change year-on-year +53 -42 +34
Contract jobs citing Terraform 290 91 145
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 6.63% 2.85% 5.29%
As % of the Systems Management category 38.26% 21.98% 31.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 236 81 121
10th Percentile £473 £425 £458
25th Percentile £538 £503 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £575 £598
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% -3.77% +3.91%
75th Percentile £738 £644 £650
90th Percentile £839 £725 £725
Central London median daily rate £625 £575 £598
% change year-on-year +8.70% -3.77% +3.91%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 758 414 463
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.34% 12.95% 16.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 606 322 350
10th Percentile £400 £381 £406
25th Percentile £504 £463 £460
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £585 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +6.36% - -
75th Percentile £724 £638 £625
90th Percentile £788 £688 £676
Central London median daily rate £588 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +6.82% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 6
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £25.25 - £12.42
Median hourly rate £26.50 £23.00 £13.08
Median % change year-on-year +15.22% +75.91% -37.74%
75th Percentile £27.75 - £14.02
90th Percentile - - £16.41
Central London median hourly rate £26.50 £21.50 £13.44
% change year-on-year +23.26% +59.97% -36.00%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the City of London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the City of London

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the City of London

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 215 (74.14%) DevOps
2 195 (67.24%) CI/CD
3 152 (52.41%) AWS
4 135 (46.55%) Docker
5 133 (45.86%) Infrastructure as Code
6 131 (45.17%) Kubernetes
7 114 (39.31%) Azure
8 102 (35.17%) Python
8 102 (35.17%) Jenkins
9 87 (30.00%) Agile
10 73 (25.17%) Ansible
11 63 (21.72%) Serverless
12 60 (20.69%) Linux
13 56 (19.31%) Java
13 56 (19.31%) PowerShell
14 55 (18.97%) Finance
15 54 (18.62%) Git (software)
16 48 (16.55%) Microservices
17 46 (15.86%) GitHub
17 46 (15.86%) Azure DevOps
18 45 (15.52%) Cloud Native
19 44 (15.17%) Bash
20 43 (14.83%) AWS CloudFormation
21 40 (13.79%) REST
22 37 (12.76%) Security Cleared
23 36 (12.41%) Go
24 34 (11.72%) AWS Lambda
24 34 (11.72%) Microsoft
25 33 (11.38%) SC Cleared
25 33 (11.38%) Software Engineering

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (3.45%) Apache Spark
2 8 (2.76%) Confluence
3 6 (2.07%) Apache Airflow
4 4 (1.38%) Apache Solr
5 3 (1.03%) Apache
6 1 (0.34%) CMS
6 1 (0.34%) Jupyter
6 1 (0.34%) nginx
6 1 (0.34%) OpenStack
6 1 (0.34%) Sitecore CMS
6 1 (0.34%) Tomcat
6 1 (0.34%) WebLogic
Applications
1 3 (1.03%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (1.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 3 (1.03%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.69%) Cloudability
1 2 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.34%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 152 (52.41%) AWS
2 114 (39.31%) Azure
3 63 (21.72%) Serverless
4 46 (15.86%) Azure DevOps
4 46 (15.86%) GitHub
5 43 (14.83%) AWS CloudFormation
6 34 (11.72%) AWS Lambda
7 28 (9.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 27 (9.31%) GCP
9 22 (7.59%) Amazon EC2
9 22 (7.59%) Amazon ECS
10 19 (6.55%) PaaS
10 19 (6.55%) SaaS
11 17 (5.86%) AWS CodePipeline
12 16 (5.52%) GitHub Actions
13 15 (5.17%) Amazon S3
14 14 (4.83%) Amazon EKS
14 14 (4.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 13 (4.48%) IaaS
16 10 (3.45%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 15 (5.17%) VPN
2 14 (4.83%) DNS
2 14 (4.83%) Firewall
3 9 (3.10%) SSL
4 7 (2.41%) Network Security
5 6 (2.07%) WAN
6 5 (1.72%) tcpdump
7 4 (1.38%) HTTP
7 4 (1.38%) Internet
7 4 (1.38%) Kerberos
7 4 (1.38%) TCP/IP
8 3 (1.03%) Cisco ASA
8 3 (1.03%) LAN
8 3 (1.03%) SD-WAN
8 3 (1.03%) SSH
9 2 (0.69%) NGFW
9 2 (0.69%) Wireless
10 1 (0.34%) BGP
10 1 (0.34%) IPsec
10 1 (0.34%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (4.83%) Big Data
2 8 (2.76%) MongoDB
2 8 (2.76%) MySQL
2 8 (2.76%) Relational Database
3 7 (2.41%) Data Warehouse
3 7 (2.41%) Hadoop
4 6 (2.07%) Apache Cassandra
4 6 (2.07%) PostgreSQL
5 5 (1.72%) Amazon RDS
5 5 (1.72%) Data Lake
5 5 (1.72%) DynamoDB
5 5 (1.72%) NoSQL
5 5 (1.72%) Oracle Database
5 5 (1.72%) Parquet
6 4 (1.38%) Apache Hive
6 4 (1.38%) Flink
6 4 (1.38%) Impala
7 3 (1.03%) BigQuery
7 3 (1.03%) Redis
7 3 (1.03%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 102 (35.17%) Jenkins
2 54 (18.62%) Git (software)
3 28 (9.66%) GitLab
4 25 (8.62%) Maven
5 23 (7.93%) Cucumber
6 20 (6.90%) TeamCity
7 19 (6.55%) JIRA
8 16 (5.52%) CircleCI
9 15 (5.17%) Artifactory
9 15 (5.17%) SonarQube
10 11 (3.79%) Terragrunt
11 6 (2.07%) git-flow
12 4 (1.38%) Snakemake
13 3 (1.03%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 3 (1.03%) Bitbucket
13 3 (1.03%) GoCD
13 3 (1.03%) Sonatype Nexus
14 2 (0.69%) Selenium
14 2 (0.69%) Visual Studio
14 2 (0.69%) webpack
General
1 55 (18.97%) Finance
2 25 (8.62%) Social Skills
3 15 (5.17%) Banking
4 13 (4.48%) Analytical Skills
4 13 (4.48%) Legal
4 13 (4.48%) Retail
5 11 (3.79%) Financial Institution
5 11 (3.79%) Tech for Good
6 10 (3.45%) Public Sector
7 4 (1.38%) Presentation Skills
8 3 (1.03%) Publishing
9 2 (0.69%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.34%) Documentation Skills
10 1 (0.34%) Front Office
10 1 (0.34%) Games
Job Titles
1 95 (32.76%) DevOps Engineer
2 48 (16.55%) AWS Engineer
3 46 (15.86%) Developer
4 41 (14.14%) AWS DevOps
5 35 (12.07%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 30 (10.34%) Java Developer
7 29 (10.00%) Cloud Engineer
8 24 (8.28%) Architect
9 20 (6.90%) Azure Engineer
10 17 (5.86%) Senior DevOps
11 12 (4.14%) Linux DevOps Engineer
11 12 (4.14%) Linux Engineer
11 12 (4.14%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 11 (3.79%) Python Engineer
13 10 (3.45%) Cloud Architect
14 9 (3.10%) AWS Architect
14 9 (3.10%) Security Engineer
14 9 (3.10%) Solutions Architect
15 8 (2.76%) AWS Developer
15 8 (2.76%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (13.79%) REST
2 30 (10.34%) Spring
3 16 (5.52%) Node.js
4 13 (4.48%) Kafka
5 11 (3.79%) .NET
5 11 (3.79%) React
6 9 (3.10%) Elastic Stack
6 9 (3.10%) RESTful
7 8 (2.76%) ARM Templates
7 8 (2.76%) Spring Boot
8 7 (2.41%) GraphQL
8 7 (2.41%) Web Services
9 6 (2.07%) Flask
9 6 (2.07%) YAML
10 5 (1.72%) Apache Avro
10 5 (1.72%) JSON
10 5 (1.72%) scikit-learn
11 4 (1.38%) Pandas
11 4 (1.38%) pytest
11 4 (1.38%) Tidyverse
Miscellaneous
1 45 (15.52%) Cloud Native
2 17 (5.86%) Greenfield Project
2 17 (5.86%) Public Cloud
3 11 (3.79%) Hedge funds
3 11 (3.79%) Linux Command Line
4 10 (3.45%) Hybrid Cloud
5 7 (2.41%) PKI
6 3 (1.03%) Data Centre
6 3 (1.03%) Enterprise Software
6 3 (1.03%) Management Information System
6 3 (1.03%) Private Cloud
7 2 (0.69%) Legacy Applications
7 2 (0.69%) Sports Betting
8 1 (0.34%) Enterprise Storage
8 1 (0.34%) IoT
8 1 (0.34%) Mobile App
8 1 (0.34%) Replication
8 1 (0.34%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 60 (20.69%) Linux
2 21 (7.24%) Windows
3 12 (4.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 7 (2.41%) Windows Server
4 7 (2.41%) Windows Server 2016
5 6 (2.07%) Unix
5 6 (2.07%) Windows Server 2019
6 5 (1.72%) CentOS
7 3 (1.03%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.69%) VMS
9 1 (0.34%) Android
9 1 (0.34%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.34%) Debian
9 1 (0.34%) Mesosphere
9 1 (0.34%) Oracle Linux
9 1 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 215 (74.14%) DevOps
2 195 (67.24%) CI/CD
3 133 (45.86%) Infrastructure as Code
4 87 (30.00%) Agile
5 48 (16.55%) Microservices
6 33 (11.38%) Software Engineering
7 30 (10.34%) TDD
8 29 (10.00%) Migration
9 25 (8.62%) Test Automation
10 24 (8.28%) Platform Engineering
11 22 (7.59%) Scrum
12 21 (7.24%) Continuous Delivery
13 20 (6.90%) Configuration Management
14 19 (6.55%) Analytics
14 19 (6.55%) Continuous Integration
15 17 (5.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 16 (5.52%) Data Protection
17 15 (5.17%) Kanban
18 14 (4.83%) Data Science
19 13 (4.48%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 102 (35.17%) Python
2 56 (19.31%) Java
2 56 (19.31%) PowerShell
3 44 (15.17%) Bash
4 36 (12.41%) Go
5 23 (7.93%) JavaScript
6 22 (7.59%) Ruby
7 13 (4.48%) TypeScript
8 12 (4.14%) SQL
9 9 (3.10%) ES6
9 9 (3.10%) Groovy
10 7 (2.41%) C#
10 7 (2.41%) Perl
11 4 (1.38%) Shell Script
12 2 (0.69%) C
12 2 (0.69%) C++
12 2 (0.69%) PHP
12 2 (0.69%) Scala
13 1 (0.34%) Bicep
13 1 (0.34%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 37 (12.76%) Security Cleared
2 33 (11.38%) SC Cleared
3 12 (4.14%) AWS Certification
4 4 (1.38%) Degree
5 3 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
5 3 (1.03%) CISSP
6 1 (0.34%) ISEB
6 1 (0.34%) ITIL Certification
6 1 (0.34%) JNCIS
6 1 (0.34%) MCP
6 1 (0.34%) MCSE
6 1 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.34%) TOGAF Certification
6 1 (0.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (4.48%) GDPR
2 3 (1.03%) NCSC
3 2 (0.69%) Accessibility
4 1 (0.34%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.34%) QA
System Software
1 135 (46.55%) Docker
2 15 (5.17%) Virtual Machines
3 12 (4.14%) Active Directory
4 4 (1.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 4 (1.38%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.34%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.34%) NFS
5 1 (0.34%) VMware NSX
5 1 (0.34%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 131 (45.17%) Kubernetes
2 73 (25.17%) Ansible
3 25 (8.62%) Opscode Chef
4 21 (7.24%) Puppet
5 14 (4.83%) Packer
6 12 (4.14%) HP Fortify
7 6 (2.07%) Prometheus
8 5 (1.72%) Consul
8 5 (1.72%) Grafana
8 5 (1.72%) Salt
9 4 (1.38%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (1.38%) Microsoft Intune
10 2 (0.69%) BladeLogic
10 2 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
10 2 (0.69%) FortiGate
10 2 (0.69%) Icinga
10 2 (0.69%) Nagios
10 2 (0.69%) SCCM
10 2 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
11 1 (0.34%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 34 (11.72%) Microsoft
2 9 (3.10%) Oracle
3 6 (2.07%) Cisco
3 6 (2.07%) ServiceNow
3 6 (2.07%) Zscaler
4 4 (1.38%) AppDynamics
4 4 (1.38%) Citrix
4 4 (1.38%) Cloudera
4 4 (1.38%) VMware
5 3 (1.03%) CrowdStrike
5 3 (1.03%) Darktrace
5 3 (1.03%) Databricks
5 3 (1.03%) Google
5 3 (1.03%) New Relic
5 3 (1.03%) PagerDuty
5 3 (1.03%) Palo Alto
5 3 (1.03%) Red Hat
5 3 (1.03%) Splunk
6 2 (0.69%) Dynatrace
6 2 (0.69%) Spotify