Period
to 26 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 26 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
Central London > City of London
6 months to
26 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 47 43 71
Rank change year-on-year -4 +28 +20
Contract jobs citing Terraform 158 82 226
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 4.35% 4.65% 3.64%
As % of the Systems Management category 30.62% 27.06% 20.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 141 67 175
10th Percentile £475 £435 £475
25th Percentile £525 £513 £525
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £575 £600
Median % change year-on-year +4.35% -4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £675 £625 £650
90th Percentile £795 £738 £704
Central London median daily rate £600 £557 £591
% change year-on-year +7.72% -5.79% +2.83%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
10th Percentile " " "
25th Percentile £94.25 " £10.25
Median hourly rate £98.50 - £10.50
75th Percentile £102.75 " £10.75
90th Percentile " " "
Central London median hourly rate £98.50 - £10.50

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 516 303 1,110
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 14.20% 17.17% 17.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 425 231 912
10th Percentile £391 £363 £338
25th Percentile £481 £431 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £650 £602 £625
90th Percentile £713 £650 £688
Central London median daily rate £573 £525 £547
% change year-on-year +9.05% -4.07% +4.24%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 1 22
10th Percentile £30.13 " £12.76
25th Percentile £40.81 £12.76 £14.00
Median hourly rate £60.75 £13.44 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year +352.01% -36.00% +12.30%
75th Percentile £82.81 £14.12 £37.46
90th Percentile £94.78 " £46.64
Central London median hourly rate £23.00 £15.25 £21.00
% change year-on-year +50.82% -27.38% +12.30%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the City of London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the City of London

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the City of London

For the 6 months to 26 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 117 (74.05%) DevOps
2 91 (57.59%) Kubernetes
3 83 (52.53%) AWS
4 79 (50.00%) Docker
5 63 (39.87%) Infrastructure as Code
6 56 (35.44%) Agile Software Development
7 47 (29.75%) Azure
8 46 (29.11%) Python
9 44 (27.85%) Java
10 40 (25.32%) Ansible
11 39 (24.68%) Jenkins
12 25 (15.82%) Linux
13 24 (15.19%) Spring
13 24 (15.19%) Finance
13 24 (15.19%) GCP
14 23 (14.56%) Git (software)
15 22 (13.92%) Puppet
16 21 (13.29%) Vert.x
16 21 (13.29%) REST
16 21 (13.29%) Cucumber
16 21 (13.29%) Maven
17 19 (12.03%) Microservices
18 17 (10.76%) Microsoft
18 17 (10.76%) Bash Shell
19 16 (10.13%) SQL
20 15 (9.49%) PowerShell
21 14 (8.86%) PaaS
21 14 (8.86%) GitHub
21 14 (8.86%) Serverless
21 14 (8.86%) AWS CloudFormation

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (5.06%) Elasticsearch
2 5 (3.16%) Apache Spark
3 4 (2.53%) Confluence
4 3 (1.90%) OpenStack
5 1 (0.63%) GeoServer
5 1 (0.63%) SharePoint
Cloud Services
1 83 (52.53%) AWS
2 47 (29.75%) Azure
3 24 (15.19%) GCP
4 14 (8.86%) Amazon ECS
4 14 (8.86%) AWS CloudFormation
4 14 (8.86%) GitHub
4 14 (8.86%) PaaS
4 14 (8.86%) Serverless
5 11 (6.96%) AWS Lambda
6 10 (6.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 9 (5.70%) Amazon EKS
8 8 (5.06%) Amazon EC2
8 8 (5.06%) Amazon S3
9 7 (4.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 6 (3.80%) Amazon EMR
10 6 (3.80%) AWS Fargate
10 6 (3.80%) GitHub Actions
11 5 (3.16%) IaaS
11 5 (3.16%) Route 53
11 5 (3.16%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 10 (6.33%) DNS
2 5 (3.16%) Firewall
3 3 (1.90%) VPN
4 2 (1.27%) Kerberos
4 2 (1.27%) NAS
4 2 (1.27%) SAN
4 2 (1.27%) SNMP
4 2 (1.27%) SSH
4 2 (1.27%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.63%) DHCP
5 1 (0.63%) HTTP
5 1 (0.63%) Network Security
5 1 (0.63%) SD-WAN
5 1 (0.63%) Software-Defined Networking
5 1 (0.63%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (3.16%) Big Data
1 5 (3.16%) NoSQL
2 4 (2.53%) Data Lake
2 4 (2.53%) Hadoop
2 4 (2.53%) MongoDB
3 3 (1.90%) Amazon Redshift
3 3 (1.90%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (1.27%) Amazon RDS
4 2 (1.27%) Azure SQL Database
4 2 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
4 2 (1.27%) MySQL
4 2 (1.27%) Redis
5 1 (0.63%) Amazon Athena
5 1 (0.63%) Amazon Aurora
5 1 (0.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 1 (0.63%) Apache Cassandra
5 1 (0.63%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 39 (24.68%) Jenkins
2 23 (14.56%) Git (software)
3 21 (13.29%) Cucumber
3 21 (13.29%) Maven
4 10 (6.33%) JIRA
5 9 (5.70%) TeamCity
6 7 (4.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 6 (3.80%) GitLab
8 5 (3.16%) CircleCI
9 3 (1.90%) Terragrunt
10 2 (1.27%) Bitbucket
10 2 (1.27%) Codeship
10 2 (1.27%) RSpec
10 2 (1.27%) Spinnaker
10 2 (1.27%) Subversion
10 2 (1.27%) Vagrant
11 1 (0.63%) Bitbucket Server
11 1 (0.63%) GoCD
11 1 (0.63%) Serena SBM
11 1 (0.63%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 24 (15.19%) Finance
2 13 (8.23%) Social Skills
3 11 (6.96%) Legal
4 10 (6.33%) Financial Institution
5 9 (5.70%) Banking
6 7 (4.43%) Public Sector
7 6 (3.80%) Retail
8 5 (3.16%) Analytical Skills
9 2 (1.27%) International Banking
9 2 (1.27%) Law
9 2 (1.27%) Presentation Skills
9 2 (1.27%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.63%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 53 (33.54%) DevOps Engineer
2 22 (13.92%) AWS Engineer
3 19 (12.03%) Architect
4 17 (10.76%) Azure Engineer
4 17 (10.76%) Cloud Engineer
5 15 (9.49%) Developer
5 15 (9.49%) Java Engineer
6 12 (7.59%) AWS DevOps
6 12 (7.59%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 11 (6.96%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 8 (5.06%) Azure Architect
8 8 (5.06%) Platform Engineer
9 7 (4.43%) Java Developer
9 7 (4.43%) Senior DevOps
10 6 (3.80%) AWS Architect
10 6 (3.80%) Data Engineer
10 6 (3.80%) Senior Cloud Engineer
11 5 (3.16%) AWS Developer
11 5 (3.16%) Cloud Architect
12 4 (2.53%) Site Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (15.19%) Spring
2 21 (13.29%) REST
2 21 (13.29%) Vert.x
3 12 (7.59%) Kafka
4 7 (4.43%) .NET
4 7 (4.43%) ARM Templates
5 6 (3.80%) LDAP
6 5 (3.16%) Node.js
6 5 (3.16%) RxJava
6 5 (3.16%) SAML
6 5 (3.16%) Web Services
7 4 (2.53%) GraphQL
8 3 (1.90%) OAuth
8 3 (1.90%) OAuth2
8 3 (1.90%) React
9 2 (1.27%) Akka
9 2 (1.27%) Apollo GraphQL
9 2 (1.27%) YAML
10 1 (0.63%) Azure Blueprints
10 1 (0.63%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 10 (6.33%) Hedge funds
2 9 (5.70%) Cloud Native
3 7 (4.43%) Public Cloud
4 5 (3.16%) Data Centre
4 5 (3.16%) Legacy Systems
4 5 (3.16%) Linux Command Line
4 5 (3.16%) Mobile App
5 4 (2.53%) Legacy Applications
5 4 (2.53%) PKI
6 2 (1.27%) Algorithms
6 2 (1.27%) Client/Server
6 2 (1.27%) Clustering
6 2 (1.27%) Greenfield Project
6 2 (1.27%) Hybrid Cloud
7 1 (0.63%) Data Structures
7 1 (0.63%) Enterprise Cloud
7 1 (0.63%) Enterprise Software
7 1 (0.63%) Grid Computing
7 1 (0.63%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (0.63%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 25 (15.82%) Linux
2 11 (6.96%) Windows
3 5 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 4 (2.53%) Ubuntu
5 3 (1.90%) Unix
5 3 (1.90%) Windows Server
6 2 (1.27%) Data ONTAP
6 2 (1.27%) Windows Server 2008
6 2 (1.27%) Windows Server 2012
6 2 (1.27%) Windows Server 2016
6 2 (1.27%) Windows Server 2019
7 1 (0.63%) CentOS
7 1 (0.63%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 117 (74.05%) DevOps
2 63 (39.87%) Infrastructure as Code
3 56 (35.44%) Agile Software Development
4 19 (12.03%) Microservices
5 13 (8.23%) Migration
6 12 (7.59%) Configuration Management
6 12 (7.59%) Site Reliability Engineering
7 11 (6.96%) Test Automation
8 10 (6.33%) Data Protection
8 10 (6.33%) Full Stack Development
8 10 (6.33%) Observability
8 10 (6.33%) TDD
9 9 (5.70%) Analytics
9 9 (5.70%) Architectural Design
9 9 (5.70%) Fintech
10 8 (5.06%) AOP
10 8 (5.06%) Deployment Automation
11 7 (4.43%) Continuous Improvement
12 6 (3.80%) Coaching
13 5 (3.16%) Capacity Management
Programming Languages
1 46 (29.11%) Python
2 44 (27.85%) Java
3 17 (10.76%) Bash Shell
4 16 (10.13%) SQL
5 15 (9.49%) PowerShell
6 11 (6.96%) Go
7 10 (6.33%) JavaScript
8 7 (4.43%) Scala
9 6 (3.80%) Ruby
10 3 (1.90%) C#
10 3 (1.90%) TypeScript
11 2 (1.27%) C
11 2 (1.27%) C++
11 2 (1.27%) Perl
11 2 (1.27%) Shell Script
12 1 (0.63%) AWK
12 1 (0.63%) Kotlin
12 1 (0.63%) PHP
12 1 (0.63%) Rust
12 1 (0.63%) VB
Qualifications
1 8 (5.06%) Security Cleared
2 4 (2.53%) SC Cleared
3 3 (1.90%) Degree
4 2 (1.27%) AWS Certification
5 1 (0.63%) CCNP
5 1 (0.63%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.63%) CISSP
5 1 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.63%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.63%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.63%) MCSA
5 1 (0.63%) MCSE
5 1 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.63%) VCP6
5 1 (0.63%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (6.33%) GDPR
2 6 (3.80%) QA
3 2 (1.27%) NCSC
4 1 (0.63%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.63%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 79 (50.00%) Docker
2 10 (6.33%) Active Directory
3 4 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (1.27%) VMware ESXi
5 1 (0.63%) GeoWebCache
5 1 (0.63%) KVM
5 1 (0.63%) NFS
5 1 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.63%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.63%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 91 (57.59%) Kubernetes
2 40 (25.32%) Ansible
3 22 (13.92%) Puppet
4 11 (6.96%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (5.70%) Packer
6 8 (5.06%) Prometheus
7 4 (2.53%) Consul
7 4 (2.53%) Grafana
8 3 (1.90%) Istio
9 2 (1.27%) Cobbler
9 2 (1.27%) Microsoft Clustering
9 2 (1.27%) Nagios
10 1 (0.63%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 1 (0.63%) EMC NetWorker
10 1 (0.63%) Icinga
10 1 (0.63%) Mesos
10 1 (0.63%) Norton AntiVirus
10 1 (0.63%) QRadar
10 1 (0.63%) Red Hat Satellite
10 1 (0.63%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 17 (10.76%) Microsoft
2 10 (6.33%) Google
2 10 (6.33%) Splunk
3 5 (3.16%) VMware
4 4 (2.53%) Databricks
5 3 (1.90%) Cisco
5 3 (1.90%) IBM
6 2 (1.27%) AppDynamics
6 2 (1.27%) Dell
6 2 (1.27%) NetApp
6 2 (1.27%) Red Hat
6 2 (1.27%) Rollbar
6 2 (1.27%) SaltStack
6 2 (1.27%) ServiceNow
7 1 (0.63%) CyberArk
7 1 (0.63%) Equitrac
7 1 (0.63%) Meraki
7 1 (0.63%) MuleSoft
7 1 (0.63%) New Relic
7 1 (0.63%) ThinPrint