Period
to 24 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Terraform skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Terraform over the 6 months to 24 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Terraform
Central London > City of London
6 months to
24 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 28 44 52
Rank change year-on-year +16 +8 +6
Contract jobs citing Terraform 279 92 193
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 7.01% 4.45% 3.91%
As % of the Systems Management category 41.46% 27.54% 25.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 254 73 148
10th Percentile £475 £420 £475
25th Percentile £513 £475 £523
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £619 £550 £600
Median % change year-on-year +12.50% -8.33% +4.35%
75th Percentile £724 £613 £663
90th Percentile £809 £650 £714
Central London median daily rate £625 £550 £600
% change year-on-year +13.64% -8.33% +4.35%

Terraform is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 673 334 758
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 16.92% 16.16% 15.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 583 261 600
10th Percentile £425 £308 £312
25th Percentile £506 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -2.33%
75th Percentile £688 £600 £625
90th Percentile £775 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £575 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +9.52% - -4.55%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 13
10th Percentile £38.13 - £13.01
25th Percentile £42.81 - £14.00
Median hourly rate £53.75 £23.00 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year +133.70% +17.95% +4.28%
75th Percentile £67.81 - £21.00
90th Percentile £74.38 - £21.80
Central London median hourly rate £53.75 £23.00 £19.75
% change year-on-year +133.70% +16.46% +5.61%

Terraform
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Terraform as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Terraform in the City of London

Terraform
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Terraform in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Terraform in the City of London

Terraform
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Terraform in the City of London over the 6 months to 24 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Terraform in the City of London

For the 6 months to 24 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Terraform also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Terraform.

1 206 (73.84%) DevOps
2 178 (63.80%) CI/CD
3 154 (55.20%) Kubernetes
4 151 (54.12%) Docker
5 146 (52.33%) AWS
6 127 (45.52%) Infrastructure as Code
7 95 (34.05%) Jenkins
8 90 (32.26%) Agile Software Development
9 80 (28.67%) Ansible
10 79 (28.32%) Python
11 75 (26.88%) Azure
12 70 (25.09%) Java
13 56 (20.07%) GCP
14 54 (19.35%) Finance
15 50 (17.92%) Linux
16 42 (15.05%) PowerShell
16 42 (15.05%) Git (software)
17 41 (14.70%) Serverless
18 37 (13.26%) Migration
19 35 (12.54%) Spring
20 33 (11.83%) AWS CloudFormation
21 31 (11.11%) SQL
22 30 (10.75%) Configuration Management
22 30 (10.75%) Data Protection
22 30 (10.75%) Puppet
23 28 (10.04%) Opscode Chef
24 27 (9.68%) GitLab
24 27 (9.68%) AWS Lambda
24 27 (9.68%) Legal
24 27 (9.68%) Amazon ECS

Terraform
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 15 (5.38%) Apache Spark
2 12 (4.30%) WebLogic
3 8 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
4 6 (2.15%) Confluence
4 6 (2.15%) OpenStack
5 4 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
5 4 (1.43%) nginx
6 3 (1.08%) IIS
6 3 (1.08%) Jupyter
7 2 (0.72%) Apache
7 2 (0.72%) SharePoint
8 1 (0.36%) GeoServer
8 1 (0.36%) Tornado
Business Applications
1 12 (4.30%) TIBCO iProcess
2 2 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.36%) NetSuite
3 1 (0.36%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 146 (52.33%) AWS
2 75 (26.88%) Azure
3 56 (20.07%) GCP
4 41 (14.70%) Serverless
5 33 (11.83%) AWS CloudFormation
6 27 (9.68%) Amazon ECS
6 27 (9.68%) AWS Lambda
7 25 (8.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 25 (8.96%) GitHub
8 23 (8.24%) PaaS
9 16 (5.73%) GitHub Actions
10 14 (5.02%) Amazon EC2
10 14 (5.02%) Amazon EKS
10 14 (5.02%) Amazon S3
11 13 (4.66%) SaaS
11 13 (4.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 10 (3.58%) AWS Fargate
12 10 (3.58%) Snowflake
13 9 (3.23%) Azure Active Directory
14 8 (2.87%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 14 (5.02%) VPN
2 11 (3.94%) DNS
3 10 (3.58%) HTTP
4 7 (2.51%) Firewall
5 5 (1.79%) SD-WAN
6 4 (1.43%) TCP/IP
7 3 (1.08%) LAN
7 3 (1.08%) NAS
7 3 (1.08%) SAN
7 3 (1.08%) SNMP
7 3 (1.08%) WAN
8 2 (0.72%) Kerberos
8 2 (0.72%) Network Security
8 2 (0.72%) SSL
9 1 (0.36%) BGP
9 1 (0.36%) DHCP
9 1 (0.36%) iSCSI
9 1 (0.36%) Software-Defined Networking
9 1 (0.36%) SSH
9 1 (0.36%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (6.81%) PostgreSQL
2 11 (3.94%) Redis
3 10 (3.58%) SQL Server
4 8 (2.87%) Big Data
4 8 (2.87%) Hadoop
4 8 (2.87%) MySQL
5 7 (2.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 7 (2.51%) Amazon RDS
6 6 (2.15%) MongoDB
7 5 (1.79%) Data Lake
7 5 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
8 4 (1.43%) Amazon Redshift
8 4 (1.43%) NoSQL
8 4 (1.43%) Power BI
9 3 (1.08%) BigQuery
9 3 (1.08%) Parquet
9 3 (1.08%) Relational Database
10 2 (0.72%) Amazon Athena
10 2 (0.72%) Amazon Aurora
10 2 (0.72%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 95 (34.05%) Jenkins
2 42 (15.05%) Git (software)
3 27 (9.68%) GitLab
4 24 (8.60%) Cucumber
5 23 (8.24%) CircleCI
6 21 (7.53%) TeamCity
7 20 (7.17%) Maven
8 14 (5.02%) JIRA
9 11 (3.94%) GoCD
9 11 (3.94%) Terragrunt
10 10 (3.58%) Bitbucket
10 10 (3.58%) Sonatype Nexus
11 8 (2.87%) SonarQube
12 6 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 6 (2.15%) Selenium
13 5 (1.79%) git-flow
14 3 (1.08%) Robot Framework
15 2 (0.72%) Jasmine
15 2 (0.72%) RStudio
15 2 (0.72%) SpecFlow
General
1 54 (19.35%) Finance
2 27 (9.68%) Legal
3 26 (9.32%) Financial Institution
3 26 (9.32%) Social Skills
4 19 (6.81%) Public Sector
5 13 (4.66%) Banking
6 11 (3.94%) Analytical Skills
7 10 (3.58%) Retail
8 4 (1.43%) Investment Banking
8 4 (1.43%) Presentation Skills
9 3 (1.08%) Back Office
9 3 (1.08%) Front Office
10 2 (0.72%) International Banking
10 2 (0.72%) Law
11 1 (0.36%) Advertising
11 1 (0.36%) Marketing
11 1 (0.36%) Organisational Skills
11 1 (0.36%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 78 (27.96%) DevOps Engineer
2 51 (18.28%) Developer
3 41 (14.70%) AWS Engineer
4 27 (9.68%) Java Developer
5 26 (9.32%) AWS DevOps
5 26 (9.32%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 24 (8.60%) Cloud Engineer
6 24 (8.60%) Senior DevOps
7 22 (7.89%) Architect
8 19 (6.81%) Azure Engineer
9 14 (5.02%) Platform Engineer
10 12 (4.30%) J2EE Developer
10 12 (4.30%) Java/J2EE Developer
10 12 (4.30%) SQL Developer
10 12 (4.30%) TIBCO Developer
10 12 (4.30%) Unix Developer
10 12 (4.30%) WebLogic Developer
11 10 (3.58%) AWS Architect
11 10 (3.58%) Scala Developer
11 10 (3.58%) Senior Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (12.54%) Spring
2 22 (7.89%) REST
3 20 (7.17%) Kafka
4 13 (4.66%) .NET
4 13 (4.66%) J2EE
5 12 (4.30%) Hibernate
6 10 (3.58%) Akka
7 9 (3.23%) Apache Avro
7 9 (3.23%) LDAP
7 9 (3.23%) OAuth
7 9 (3.23%) Play Framework
7 9 (3.23%) SAML
7 9 (3.23%) Scalaz
8 8 (2.87%) ARM Templates
8 8 (2.87%) Vert.x
9 7 (2.51%) Node.js
9 7 (2.51%) OAuth2
10 6 (2.15%) Azure Blueprints
10 6 (2.15%) Elastic Stack
11 5 (1.79%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 26 (9.32%) Hedge funds
2 24 (8.60%) Cloud Native
3 19 (6.81%) Greenfield Project
4 8 (2.87%) Public Cloud
5 7 (2.51%) Linux Command Line
5 7 (2.51%) PKI
6 5 (1.79%) Data Centre
7 4 (1.43%) Legacy Applications
7 4 (1.43%) User Experience
8 3 (1.08%) Enterprise Cloud
8 3 (1.08%) Hybrid Cloud
8 3 (1.08%) NHS
9 2 (0.72%) Clustering
9 2 (0.72%) Enterprise Software
9 2 (0.72%) Fixed Income
9 2 (0.72%) Legacy Systems
9 2 (0.72%) Replication
9 2 (0.72%) Self-Motivation
10 1 (0.36%) Algorithms
10 1 (0.36%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 50 (17.92%) Linux
2 25 (8.96%) Windows
3 18 (6.45%) Unix
4 12 (4.30%) Mesosphere
5 9 (3.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (1.79%) Windows Server
7 4 (1.43%) Ubuntu
7 4 (1.43%) Windows Server 2008
7 4 (1.43%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (1.08%) CentOS
8 3 (1.08%) Debian
8 3 (1.08%) Windows Server 2016
8 3 (1.08%) Windows Server 2019
9 1 (0.36%) Oracle Linux
9 1 (0.36%) Solaris
9 1 (0.36%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 206 (73.84%) DevOps
2 178 (63.80%) CI/CD
3 127 (45.52%) Infrastructure as Code
4 90 (32.26%) Agile Software Development
5 37 (13.26%) Migration
6 30 (10.75%) Configuration Management
6 30 (10.75%) Data Protection
7 25 (8.96%) TDD
8 24 (8.60%) Site Reliability Engineering
9 22 (7.89%) Test Automation
10 21 (7.53%) Microservices
10 21 (7.53%) Software Engineering
11 18 (6.45%) AOP
12 17 (6.09%) Analytics
12 17 (6.09%) Observability
13 16 (5.73%) Fintech
13 16 (5.73%) Scrum
14 13 (4.66%) Deployment Automation
15 12 (4.30%) Continuous Integration
16 11 (3.94%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 79 (28.32%) Python
2 70 (25.09%) Java
3 42 (15.05%) PowerShell
4 31 (11.11%) SQL
5 24 (8.60%) Bash
6 17 (6.09%) Scala
7 16 (5.73%) Go
8 14 (5.02%) Shell Script
9 13 (4.66%) JavaScript
9 13 (4.66%) Ruby
10 12 (4.30%) PL/SQL
11 10 (3.58%) C#
12 7 (2.51%) Groovy
13 6 (2.15%) TypeScript
14 4 (1.43%) C
14 4 (1.43%) C++
15 3 (1.08%) T-SQL
16 2 (0.72%) ES6
16 2 (0.72%) Rust
16 2 (0.72%) VB
Qualifications
1 15 (5.38%) Security Cleared
2 14 (5.02%) AWS Certification
3 11 (3.94%) Degree
4 9 (3.23%) SC Cleared
5 6 (2.15%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (1.08%) CISSP
7 2 (0.72%) Cisco Certification
7 2 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.36%) CCIE
8 1 (0.36%) CCNP
8 1 (0.36%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.36%) VCP6
8 1 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (9.32%) GDPR
2 2 (0.72%) Data Quality
2 2 (0.72%) QA
3 1 (0.36%) HIPAA
3 1 (0.36%) IFRS
3 1 (0.36%) IFRS 9
3 1 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 151 (54.12%) Docker
2 20 (7.17%) Active Directory
3 6 (2.15%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (1.79%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (1.43%) KVM
6 2 (0.72%) vCloud
6 2 (0.72%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.36%) GeoWebCache
7 1 (0.36%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.36%) LXC
7 1 (0.36%) NFS
7 1 (0.36%) Squid
7 1 (0.36%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 154 (55.20%) Kubernetes
2 80 (28.67%) Ansible
3 30 (10.75%) Puppet
4 28 (10.04%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (5.38%) Packer
6 14 (5.02%) Prometheus
7 12 (4.30%) Grafana
8 6 (2.15%) Nagios
9 5 (1.79%) Icinga
10 4 (1.43%) BladeLogic
10 4 (1.43%) Consul
10 4 (1.43%) Salt
11 3 (1.08%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 3 (1.08%) Microsoft Intune
11 3 (1.08%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.72%) Fluentd
12 2 (0.72%) HAProxy
12 2 (0.72%) Istio
12 2 (0.72%) Microsoft Clustering
13 1 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 21 (7.53%) Microsoft
2 14 (5.02%) Google
3 13 (4.66%) AppDynamics
4 12 (4.30%) TIBCO
5 11 (3.94%) VMware
6 10 (3.58%) Red Hat
7 7 (2.51%) Databricks
7 7 (2.51%) Oracle
8 6 (2.15%) Splunk
9 5 (1.79%) BMC
10 4 (1.43%) Cisco
10 4 (1.43%) SaltStack
11 3 (1.08%) CyberArk
11 3 (1.08%) Meraki
11 3 (1.08%) NetApp
12 2 (0.72%) Avaya
12 2 (0.72%) CA
12 2 (0.72%) CheckPoint
12 2 (0.72%) IBM
12 2 (0.72%) Qualys