Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (GDPR)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 196 204 345
Rank change year-on-year +8 +141 -
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 156 132 13
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 1.48% 1.27% 0.11%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 12.71% 9.73% 0.87%
Number of salaries quoted 135 112 12
City of London median annual salary £57,500 £62,500 £95,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -8.00% -34.21% -
10th Percentile £41,250 £43,750 £92,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £57,500 £62,500 £95,000
% change year-on-year -8.00% -34.21% -

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 1,227 1,356 1,501
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 11.61% 13.09% 13.25%
Number of salaries quoted 1,058 1,182 1,333
City of London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £32,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £90,000 £82,500
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - +9.09% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing GDPR as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the City of London

GDPR
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing GDPR in the City of London.

Salary trend for GDPR in the City of London

GDPR
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing GDPR in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the City of London

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 79 (50.64%) Finance
2 64 (41.03%) Information Security
3 52 (33.33%) Windows
3 52 (33.33%) CISSP
4 50 (32.05%) Cybersecurity
5 45 (28.85%) Firewall
6 44 (28.21%) Data Privacy
7 39 (25.00%) CISM
8 38 (24.36%) Legal
9 34 (21.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 32 (20.51%) Data Protection
11 29 (18.59%) TCP/IP
12 28 (17.95%) Linux
12 28 (17.95%) SIEM
13 27 (17.31%) Penetration Testing
14 25 (16.03%) MiFID
14 25 (16.03%) SQL
14 25 (16.03%) Threat Detection
14 25 (16.03%) Remediation Plan
15 24 (15.38%) Open Source
16 23 (14.74%) OSSEC
16 23 (14.74%) Data Loss Prevention
16 23 (14.74%) Data Encryption
16 23 (14.74%) Elastic Stack
16 23 (14.74%) Snort
16 23 (14.74%) Vulnerability Assessment
17 19 (12.18%) Microsoft
17 19 (12.18%) Configuration Management
18 18 (11.54%) Risk Management
18 18 (11.54%) Change Management

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (7.69%) Apache
2 10 (6.41%) Tomcat
3 7 (4.49%) SharePoint
4 5 (3.21%) Apache Solr
5 4 (2.56%) IIS
6 3 (1.92%) Apache Spark
6 3 (1.92%) BizTalk Server
6 3 (1.92%) Umbraco
6 3 (1.92%) WebSphere
7 2 (1.28%) MS Exchange
7 2 (1.28%) SharePoint 2010
7 2 (1.28%) SharePoint 2013
8 1 (0.64%) Confluence
8 1 (0.64%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.64%) Exchange Server 2013
8 1 (0.64%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 16 (10.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (5.13%) MS Visio
3 7 (4.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (3.85%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (1.92%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (1.92%) NetSuite
1 3 (1.92%) RiskWrite
2 2 (1.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (1.28%) Unit4 Business World
3 1 (0.64%) Eloqua
3 1 (0.64%) ResourceLink
3 1 (0.64%) Sage CRM
Cloud Services
1 12 (7.69%) Microsoft Azure
1 12 (7.69%) SaaS
2 11 (7.05%) Office 365
3 8 (5.13%) Amazon AWS
4 4 (2.56%) Google Cloud Platform
5 3 (1.92%) Cloud Computing
6 2 (1.28%) G Suite
6 2 (1.28%) Google App Engine
7 1 (0.64%) Dynamics 365
7 1 (0.64%) GitHub
7 1 (0.64%) Google Analytics
7 1 (0.64%) PaaS
7 1 (0.64%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 45 (28.85%) Firewall
2 29 (18.59%) TCP/IP
3 11 (7.05%) DNS
4 10 (6.41%) HTTP
4 10 (6.41%) SSL
5 6 (3.85%) VLAN
6 3 (1.92%) Network Security
6 3 (1.92%) VPN
7 2 (1.28%) Intranet
7 2 (1.28%) Intrusion Detection
7 2 (1.28%) LAN
7 2 (1.28%) VoIP
7 2 (1.28%) WAN
8 1 (0.64%) Cisco IPT
8 1 (0.64%) DHCP
8 1 (0.64%) NX-OS
8 1 (0.64%) SAN
8 1 (0.64%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (10.26%) SQL Server
2 6 (3.85%) Relational Database
3 5 (3.21%) SQL Server 2012
3 5 (3.21%) SQL Server 2016
4 2 (1.28%) BigQuery
4 2 (1.28%) Bigtable
4 2 (1.28%) Data Warehouse
4 2 (1.28%) Hadoop
4 2 (1.28%) RDBMS
5 1 (0.64%) Big Data
5 1 (0.64%) NoSQL
5 1 (0.64%) Redis
5 1 (0.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 3 (1.92%) Selenium
2 2 (1.28%) Atlassian Bamboo
3 1 (0.64%) GitLab
3 1 (0.64%) JIRA
3 1 (0.64%) Octopus Deploy
3 1 (0.64%) TeamCity
3 1 (0.64%) Visual Studio
General
1 79 (50.64%) Finance
2 38 (24.36%) Legal
3 17 (10.90%) Advertising
3 17 (10.90%) Banking
4 9 (5.77%) Law
5 7 (4.49%) Marketing
6 4 (2.56%) Retail
7 3 (1.92%) Telecoms
8 2 (1.28%) International Banking
8 2 (1.28%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.64%) Back Office
9 1 (0.64%) Financial Institution
9 1 (0.64%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 30 (19.23%) Security Officer
2 29 (18.59%) Analyst
3 28 (17.95%) Security Manager
4 16 (10.26%) Information Officer
5 15 (9.62%) Information Security Officer
6 14 (8.97%) Support Engineer
7 12 (7.69%) Applications Support
7 12 (7.69%) Information Manager
7 12 (7.69%) Information Security Manager
8 10 (6.41%) Security Engineer
9 9 (5.77%) Applications Engineer
9 9 (5.77%) Applications Support Engineer
9 9 (5.77%) Business Analyst
9 9 (5.77%) Consultant
9 9 (5.77%) Data Analyst
9 9 (5.77%) Project Manager
9 9 (5.77%) Web Applications Engineer
9 9 (5.77%) Web Applications Support
9 9 (5.77%) Web Engineer
9 9 (5.77%) Web Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (14.74%) Elastic Stack
2 8 (5.13%) .NET
3 4 (2.56%) Web Services
4 2 (1.28%) CGI
4 2 (1.28%) CSS
4 2 (1.28%) HTML
4 2 (1.28%) Middleware
5 1 (0.64%) .NET Framework
5 1 (0.64%) HTML5
5 1 (0.64%) Kafka
5 1 (0.64%) Keras
5 1 (0.64%) Natural Language Processing
5 1 (0.64%) TensorFlow
5 1 (0.64%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 13 (8.33%) Analytical Skills
2 12 (7.69%) Self-Motivation
3 8 (5.13%) Management Information System
4 4 (2.56%) Greenfield Project
5 3 (1.92%) Data Protection Act
5 3 (1.92%) Reinsurance
6 2 (1.28%) Pharmacovigilance
6 2 (1.28%) Smart Meter
7 1 (0.64%) Algorithms
7 1 (0.64%) Blog
7 1 (0.64%) Data Centre
7 1 (0.64%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 1 (0.64%) Equities
7 1 (0.64%) Freedom of Information
7 1 (0.64%) Hedge funds
7 1 (0.64%) Internet of Things
7 1 (0.64%) Mobile Banking
7 1 (0.64%) PDA
7 1 (0.64%) Tandem
7 1 (0.64%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 52 (33.33%) Windows
2 28 (17.95%) Linux
3 12 (7.69%) Windows Server
4 5 (3.21%) Windows 10
5 3 (1.92%) Mac OS
6 2 (1.28%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (0.64%) CentOS
7 1 (0.64%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.64%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 64 (41.03%) Information Security
2 50 (32.05%) Cybersecurity
3 44 (28.21%) Data Privacy
4 32 (20.51%) Data Protection
5 28 (17.95%) SIEM
6 27 (17.31%) Penetration Testing
7 25 (16.03%) Remediation Plan
7 25 (16.03%) Threat Detection
8 24 (15.38%) Open Source
9 23 (14.74%) Data Encryption
9 23 (14.74%) Data Loss Prevention
9 23 (14.74%) Vulnerability Assessment
10 19 (12.18%) Configuration Management
11 18 (11.54%) Change Management
11 18 (11.54%) Risk Management
12 17 (10.90%) Problem-Solving
12 17 (10.90%) Project Management
13 15 (9.62%) Data Governance
14 14 (8.97%) Continuous Improvement
14 14 (8.97%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 25 (16.03%) SQL
2 16 (10.26%) PowerShell
3 11 (7.05%) Java
4 8 (5.13%) Python
5 6 (3.85%) C#
6 2 (1.28%) C
7 1 (0.64%) Bash Shell
7 1 (0.64%) C++
7 1 (0.64%) JavaScript
7 1 (0.64%) MATLAB
7 1 (0.64%) Perl
7 1 (0.64%) Ruby
7 1 (0.64%) T-SQL
7 1 (0.64%) VBA
Qualifications
1 52 (33.33%) CISSP
2 39 (25.00%) CISM
3 9 (5.77%) CISA
4 7 (4.49%) Degree
4 7 (4.49%) PMI Certification
4 7 (4.49%) PMP
5 5 (3.21%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (3.21%) Security Cleared
6 4 (2.56%) ISEB
7 2 (1.28%) Master's Degree
7 2 (1.28%) MCP
7 2 (1.28%) MCSE
7 2 (1.28%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.64%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (0.64%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.64%) GISP
8 1 (0.64%) GSLC
8 1 (0.64%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
8 1 (0.64%) PhD
8 1 (0.64%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (21.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 25 (16.03%) MiFID
3 18 (11.54%) Solvency II
4 14 (8.97%) Cyber Essentials
5 10 (6.41%) Data Quality
5 10 (6.41%) HIPAA
6 8 (5.13%) PCI DSS
7 5 (3.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (2.56%) SLA
9 3 (1.92%) COBIT
10 2 (1.28%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 2 (1.28%) FATCA
10 2 (1.28%) ISO 9001
10 2 (1.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (1.28%) NIST 800
10 2 (1.28%) SSAE 16
11 1 (0.64%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.64%) EMIR
11 1 (0.64%) IFRS
11 1 (0.64%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 23 (14.74%) Snort
2 17 (10.90%) Active Directory
3 7 (4.49%) Hyper-V
4 4 (2.56%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (1.28%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (1.28%) vSphere
6 1 (0.64%) Firmware
6 1 (0.64%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 23 (14.74%) OSSEC
2 11 (7.05%) Ansible
3 10 (6.41%) Opscode Chef
3 10 (6.41%) Puppet
4 8 (5.13%) Nagios
5 5 (3.21%) SCOM
6 3 (1.92%) Kubernetes
6 3 (1.92%) SCCM
6 3 (1.92%) Tivoli
7 2 (1.28%) CSIRT
7 2 (1.28%) Jamf Pro
7 2 (1.28%) Microsoft Intune
8 1 (0.64%) Kibana
8 1 (0.64%) Terraform
8 1 (0.64%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 19 (12.18%) Microsoft
2 10 (6.41%) Splunk
3 9 (5.77%) Oracle
4 6 (3.85%) Cisco
5 5 (3.21%) VMware
6 4 (2.56%) Google
7 3 (1.92%) Citrix
7 3 (1.92%) IBM
7 3 (1.92%) Palo Alto
7 3 (1.92%) SAP
8 2 (1.28%) LogRhythm
8 2 (1.28%) Okta
9 1 (0.64%) Apple
9 1 (0.64%) Fidessa
9 1 (0.64%) FIS
9 1 (0.64%) Nimble Storage
9 1 (0.64%) Sage
9 1 (0.64%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.64%) SmartStream
9 1 (0.64%) Sun