Period
to 21 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 21 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 144 147 229
Rank change year-on-year +3 +82 -43
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 115 51 109
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 1.93% 1.41% 1.09%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 10.96% 12.14% 8.51%
Number of salaries quoted 92 37 91
10th Percentile £37,875 £24,250 £40,000
25th Percentile £52,188 £46,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £82,500 £50,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +63.37% -19.20% +8.70%
75th Percentile £101,250 £65,000 £80,625
90th Percentile £118,750 £103,750 £91,250
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £52,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +38.10% -12.50% +4.35%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 1,049 420 1,281
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.65% 11.59% 12.81%
Number of salaries quoted 936 365 1,079
10th Percentile £42,500 £44,000 £36,250
25th Percentile £51,250 £48,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £62,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.00% -3.85% +8.33%
75th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £98,750 £95,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £65,000

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the City of London

GDPR
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR in the City of London.

Salary trend for GDPR in the City of London

GDPR
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for GDPR.

1 81 (70.43%) Data Protection
2 80 (69.57%) Finance
3 60 (52.17%) Azure
3 60 (52.17%) Social Skills
4 57 (49.57%) AWS
5 54 (46.96%) Python
5 54 (46.96%) GCP
6 53 (46.09%) Kubernetes
6 53 (46.09%) Degree
7 52 (45.22%) Software Engineering
7 52 (45.22%) Data Privacy
8 51 (44.35%) DevOps
9 50 (43.48%) C#
9 50 (43.48%) SQL Server
10 49 (42.61%) Docker
11 48 (41.74%) Java
12 47 (40.87%) Oracle
12 47 (40.87%) OAuth
12 47 (40.87%) Threat Modelling
12 47 (40.87%) Strategic Roadmap
13 46 (40.00%) Jenkins
13 46 (40.00%) QA
13 46 (40.00%) Identity Management
14 45 (39.13%) PostgreSQL
14 45 (39.13%) Benchmarking
14 45 (39.13%) Process Management
14 45 (39.13%) C++
14 45 (39.13%) UML
14 45 (39.13%) Code Coverage
14 45 (39.13%) Atlassian Bamboo

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (24.35%) Confluence
2 8 (6.96%) MS Exchange
2 8 (6.96%) Skype for Business
3 4 (3.48%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
3 4 (3.48%) Exchange Server 2010
3 4 (3.48%) SharePoint
4 1 (0.87%) Apache Spark
4 1 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
4 1 (0.87%) CMS
4 1 (0.87%) OpenStack
Applications
1 7 (6.09%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (5.22%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (3.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.87%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (2.61%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 60 (52.17%) Azure
2 57 (49.57%) AWS
3 54 (46.96%) GCP
4 45 (39.13%) Serverless
5 6 (5.22%) Microsoft 365
6 5 (4.35%) IaaS
6 5 (4.35%) PaaS
7 4 (3.48%) SaaS
8 3 (2.61%) Cloud Computing
8 3 (2.61%) GitHub
9 2 (1.74%) Power Platform
9 2 (1.74%) Snowflake
10 1 (0.87%) AWS CloudFormation
10 1 (0.87%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (0.87%) Azure Sentinel
10 1 (0.87%) Lucidchart
10 1 (0.87%) Mimecast
10 1 (0.87%) OpenShift
10 1 (0.87%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 1 (0.87%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 10 (8.70%) DHCP
1 10 (8.70%) DNS
2 7 (6.09%) Firewall
3 6 (5.22%) Wireless
4 4 (3.48%) Fibre Channel
4 4 (3.48%) Skype
5 3 (2.61%) Internet
5 3 (2.61%) Intrusion Detection
5 3 (2.61%) TCP/IP
5 3 (2.61%) WAN
5 3 (2.61%) Wireshark
6 2 (1.74%) LAN
6 2 (1.74%) Network Security
6 2 (1.74%) VPN
7 1 (0.87%) Cisco IPT
7 1 (0.87%) Cisco Nexus
7 1 (0.87%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (43.48%) SQL Server
2 45 (39.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 45 (39.13%) MongoDB
2 45 (39.13%) NoSQL
2 45 (39.13%) PostgreSQL
2 45 (39.13%) Relational Database
3 2 (1.74%) Amazon QuickSight
3 2 (1.74%) Looker
3 2 (1.74%) Power BI
3 2 (1.74%) Tableau
4 1 (0.87%) Big Data
4 1 (0.87%) Data Mining
4 1 (0.87%) Data Warehouse
4 1 (0.87%) Geospatial Data
4 1 (0.87%) GIS
Development Applications
1 46 (40.00%) Jenkins
2 45 (39.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
2 45 (39.13%) SonarQube
3 33 (28.70%) JIRA
4 2 (1.74%) Subversion
5 1 (0.87%) Ant
5 1 (0.87%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 80 (69.57%) Finance
2 60 (52.17%) Social Skills
3 45 (39.13%) Presentation Skills
4 44 (38.26%) Influencing Skills
5 27 (23.48%) Legal
6 20 (17.39%) Retail
7 17 (14.78%) Games
8 16 (13.91%) Financial Institution
9 10 (8.70%) Analytical Skills
9 10 (8.70%) Banking
10 5 (4.35%) Billing
11 4 (3.48%) Front Office
11 4 (3.48%) Law
12 3 (2.61%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (1.74%) International Banking
13 2 (1.74%) Marketing
14 1 (0.87%) Documentation Skills
14 1 (0.87%) Local Government
14 1 (0.87%) Organisational Skills
14 1 (0.87%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 45 (39.13%) Technical Leader
2 18 (15.65%) Analyst
3 6 (5.22%) Consultant
3 6 (5.22%) Information Analyst
3 6 (5.22%) Information Manager
3 6 (5.22%) Information Security Manager
3 6 (5.22%) Security Analyst
3 6 (5.22%) Security Manager
4 5 (4.35%) Information Security Analyst
4 5 (4.35%) Senior Software Engineer
4 5 (4.35%) Software Engineer
5 4 (3.48%) Architect
5 4 (3.48%) CISSP Manager
5 4 (3.48%) Desktop Support
5 4 (3.48%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 4 (3.48%) Senior Wintel Engineer
5 4 (3.48%) Windows Engineer
5 4 (3.48%) Windows Infrastructure Engineer
5 4 (3.48%) Wintel Engineer
6 3 (2.61%) Workday Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (40.87%) OAuth
2 45 (39.13%) Node.js
2 45 (39.13%) OAuth2
2 45 (39.13%) OpenID
3 5 (4.35%) .NET
3 5 (4.35%) .NET Core
4 4 (3.48%) .NET Framework
4 4 (3.48%) AngularJS
4 4 (3.48%) Entity Framework
4 4 (3.48%) React
5 3 (2.61%) JSON
5 3 (2.61%) XML
6 2 (1.74%) LDAP
6 2 (1.74%) SAML
6 2 (1.74%) XSD
7 1 (0.87%) HTML
7 1 (0.87%) Swagger
7 1 (0.87%) Visualforce
7 1 (0.87%) Web Services
7 1 (0.87%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 16 (13.91%) Hedge funds
2 10 (8.70%) Management Information System
3 6 (5.22%) Blackberry
4 5 (4.35%) Public Cloud
5 4 (3.48%) Analytical Mindset
5 4 (3.48%) Data Protection Act
5 4 (3.48%) EMC VNX
5 4 (3.48%) PKI
5 4 (3.48%) Replication
5 4 (3.48%) Symmetrix
6 3 (2.61%) Cyberattack
7 2 (1.74%) Algorithms
7 2 (1.74%) CMDB
8 1 (0.87%) Cyber Defence
8 1 (0.87%) Data Centre
8 1 (0.87%) EPoS
8 1 (0.87%) Greenfield Project
8 1 (0.87%) Security Operations Centre
8 1 (0.87%) Self-Motivation
8 1 (0.87%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 13 (11.30%) Windows
2 10 (8.70%) Windows Server
3 9 (7.83%) Windows 10
4 6 (5.22%) Windows Server 2012
5 5 (4.35%) Linux
6 4 (3.48%) Windows Server 2003
6 4 (3.48%) Windows Server 2008
6 4 (3.48%) Windows Server 2016
7 3 (2.61%) Windows 7
8 2 (1.74%) CentOS
8 2 (1.74%) Mac OS X
8 2 (1.74%) Solaris
8 2 (1.74%) SUSE
8 2 (1.74%) Ubuntu
8 2 (1.74%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 81 (70.43%) Data Protection
2 52 (45.22%) Data Privacy
2 52 (45.22%) Software Engineering
3 51 (44.35%) DevOps
4 47 (40.87%) Strategic Roadmap
4 47 (40.87%) Threat Modelling
5 46 (40.00%) Identity Management
6 45 (39.13%) Benchmarking
6 45 (39.13%) Code Coverage
6 45 (39.13%) Enterprise Architecture
6 45 (39.13%) Event-Driven
6 45 (39.13%) Event-Driven Architecture
6 45 (39.13%) Matrix Organization
6 45 (39.13%) Microservices
6 45 (39.13%) OWASP
6 45 (39.13%) Process Management
6 45 (39.13%) Technical Architecture
6 45 (39.13%) Technical Leadership
6 45 (39.13%) Test Automation
6 45 (39.13%) UML
Programming Languages
1 54 (46.96%) Python
2 50 (43.48%) C#
3 48 (41.74%) Java
4 45 (39.13%) C++
5 8 (6.96%) PowerShell
5 8 (6.96%) SQL
6 5 (4.35%) T-SQL
7 2 (1.74%) Bash Shell
7 2 (1.74%) Perl
7 2 (1.74%) R
7 2 (1.74%) Ruby
8 1 (0.87%) Apex Code
8 1 (0.87%) JavaScript
8 1 (0.87%) VBA
Qualifications
1 53 (46.09%) Degree
2 44 (38.26%) Master's Degree
3 11 (9.57%) CISM
4 10 (8.70%) CISSP
5 6 (5.22%) Cisco Certification
6 4 (3.48%) Microsoft Certification
7 3 (2.61%) CCNA
8 2 (1.74%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 2 (1.74%) AWS Certification
8 2 (1.74%) CCSP
8 2 (1.74%) CISA
9 1 (0.87%) CISMP
9 1 (0.87%) CREST Certified
9 1 (0.87%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
9 1 (0.87%) SANS
9 1 (0.87%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (40.00%) QA
2 18 (15.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 9 (7.83%) NIST
4 8 (6.96%) GRC
4 8 (6.96%) PCI DSS
5 5 (4.35%) SLA
6 4 (3.48%) Cyber Essentials
6 4 (3.48%) NCSC
7 3 (2.61%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.87%) COBIT
8 1 (0.87%) Data Quality
8 1 (0.87%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.87%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.87%) ISO 22301
8 1 (0.87%) ISO 31000
8 1 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27005
System Software
1 49 (42.61%) Docker
2 14 (12.17%) Active Directory
3 11 (9.57%) vSphere
4 8 (6.96%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (3.48%) Microsoft App-V
5 4 (3.48%) Veritas Cluster Server
5 4 (3.48%) XenApp
5 4 (3.48%) XenDesktop
6 3 (2.61%) LXC
7 2 (1.74%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.87%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.87%) KVM
8 1 (0.87%) Xen
Systems Management
1 53 (46.09%) Kubernetes
2 6 (5.22%) McAfee ePO
2 6 (5.22%) NetBackup
2 6 (5.22%) SCCM
2 6 (5.22%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
3 4 (3.48%) Ansible
3 4 (3.48%) OfficeScan
3 4 (3.48%) SCOM
3 4 (3.48%) Trend Micro Deep Security
4 3 (2.61%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
4 3 (2.61%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (2.61%) Terraform
5 2 (1.74%) Control-M
5 2 (1.74%) Jamf Pro
5 2 (1.74%) Norton AntiVirus
5 2 (1.74%) Puppet
5 2 (1.74%) vCenter Server
5 2 (1.74%) WSUS
6 1 (0.87%) Mesos
6 1 (0.87%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 47 (40.87%) Oracle
2 21 (18.26%) Microsoft
3 12 (10.43%) VMware
4 6 (5.22%) Altiris
4 6 (5.22%) McAfee
4 6 (5.22%) Symantec
5 4 (3.48%) Cadence
5 4 (3.48%) Cisco
5 4 (3.48%) Citrix
5 4 (3.48%) EMC
5 4 (3.48%) HP
5 4 (3.48%) Huawei
5 4 (3.48%) Infoblox
5 4 (3.48%) Veritas
6 3 (2.61%) Meraki
6 3 (2.61%) Salesforce.com
6 3 (2.61%) Splunk
6 3 (2.61%) Workday
7 2 (1.74%) Okta
7 2 (1.74%) ServiceNow