Period
to 17 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 74 67 62
Rank change year-on-year -7 -5 +73
Contract jobs citing BDD 143 136 168
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 2.67% 2.80% 3.42%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.04% 3.28% 4.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 66 104 92
Scotland median daily rate £438 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.38% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £328 £319 £331
90th Percentile £613 £496 £538
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Scotland median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £41.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year -21.21% -8.33% +20.00%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,699 4,146 4,204
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 87.65% 85.41% 85.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,533 2,337 2,482
Scotland median daily rate £400 £390 £355
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +9.86% -5.33%
10th Percentile £250 £255 £233
90th Percentile £550 £538 £488
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 103 108 117
Scotland median hourly rate £25.00 £26.88 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.98% -4.02% +40.00%
10th Percentile £11.17 £12.48 £10.00
90th Percentile £48.25 £43.75 £43.00
UK median hourly rate £20.90 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -16.42% +11.11% +3.52%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in Scotland

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in Scotland

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in Scotland over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in Scotland

BDD
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +14 91 £463 +15.63% 26
Glasgow -22 38 £413 -2.94% 14
Fife +1 5 £338 +5.47%
West Lothian -1 1 £475 +26.67%
BDD
UK

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for BDD.

1 123 (86.01%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (69.23%) TDD
3 72 (50.35%) Java
4 70 (48.95%) Test Automation
5 61 (42.66%) Scrum
6 57 (39.86%) JavaScript
7 47 (32.87%) HTML
8 43 (30.07%) Spring
8 43 (30.07%) Kanban
9 42 (29.37%) Python
10 40 (27.97%) Selenium
11 36 (25.17%) Jenkins
12 35 (24.48%) DevOps
12 35 (24.48%) CSS
13 32 (22.38%) Integration Testing
13 32 (22.38%) HTML5
14 31 (21.68%) Cucumber
15 30 (20.98%) Docker
15 30 (20.98%) QA
16 29 (20.28%) Git (software)
17 27 (18.88%) Software Engineering
17 27 (18.88%) SQL
18 25 (17.48%) Ansible
19 22 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
19 22 (15.38%) MongoDB
19 22 (15.38%) Ruby
19 22 (15.38%) Front End Development
20 20 (13.99%) JIRA
21 19 (13.29%) IBM
21 19 (13.29%) User Experience

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (8.39%) JBoss
1 12 (8.39%) Jetty
1 12 (8.39%) Tomcat
1 12 (8.39%) WebLogic
2 10 (6.99%) WebSphere
3 6 (4.20%) Cloud Foundry
4 3 (2.10%) CMS
4 3 (2.10%) Confluence
5 2 (1.40%) Apache Airflow
5 2 (1.40%) Drupal
5 2 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.70%) Alfresco
6 1 (0.70%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 5 (3.50%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (2.10%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 18 (12.59%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (5.59%) Microsoft Azure
2 8 (5.59%) OpenShift
3 6 (4.20%) GitHub
3 6 (4.20%) Google Cloud Platform
3 6 (4.20%) Heroku
3 6 (4.20%) npm
4 2 (1.40%) IBM Cloud
5 1 (0.70%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (6.29%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (15.38%) MongoDB
2 17 (11.89%) NoSQL
3 12 (8.39%) Couchbase
3 12 (8.39%) Hadoop
3 12 (8.39%) PostgreSQL
3 12 (8.39%) Redis
3 12 (8.39%) Riak
4 4 (2.80%) Big Data
5 2 (1.40%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 40 (27.97%) Selenium
2 36 (25.17%) Jenkins
3 31 (21.68%) Cucumber
4 29 (20.28%) Git (software)
5 20 (13.99%) JIRA
6 12 (8.39%) Vagrant
7 11 (7.69%) JUnit
8 10 (6.99%) Maven
9 9 (6.29%) FitNesse
9 9 (6.29%) SpecFlow
9 9 (6.29%) Subversion
10 8 (5.59%) Protractor
10 8 (5.59%) WebDriver
11 7 (4.90%) Ant
11 7 (4.90%) Sonatype Nexus
12 6 (4.20%) Gerrit
12 6 (4.20%) GitLab
12 6 (4.20%) SonarQube
13 4 (2.80%) Team Foundation Server
13 4 (2.80%) webpack
General
1 14 (9.79%) Banking
2 12 (8.39%) Finance
3 3 (2.10%) Retail
4 2 (1.40%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 67 (46.85%) Developer
2 26 (18.18%) Java Developer
2 26 (18.18%) Senior Developer
3 25 (17.48%) Tester
4 21 (14.69%) Automation Tester
5 15 (10.49%) Analyst
6 14 (9.79%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 9 (6.29%) JavaScript Developer
7 9 (6.29%) Senior Front-End Developer
7 9 (6.29%) Test Engineer
8 8 (5.59%) Business Analyst
8 8 (5.59%) DevOps Engineer
8 8 (5.59%) React Developer
9 7 (4.90%) Senior JavaScript Developer
10 6 (4.20%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 6 (4.20%) Senior DevOps
10 6 (4.20%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 6 (4.20%) Senior Java Developer
10 6 (4.20%) Test Analyst
10 6 (4.20%) Test Automation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (32.87%) HTML
2 43 (30.07%) Spring
3 35 (24.48%) CSS
4 32 (22.38%) HTML5
5 18 (12.59%) React
6 17 (11.89%) Node.js
7 14 (9.79%) Apache Camel
8 13 (9.09%) Hibernate
9 12 (8.39%) AngularJS
9 12 (8.39%) JPA
10 10 (6.99%) Kafka
11 9 (6.29%) .NET
11 9 (6.29%) JMS
11 9 (6.29%) RabbitMQ
11 9 (6.29%) REST
11 9 (6.29%) Sass
11 9 (6.29%) TIBCO EMS
11 9 (6.29%) WebSphere MQ
12 6 (4.20%) PostGIS
12 6 (4.20%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 19 (13.29%) User Experience
2 11 (7.69%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (4.20%) iPad
4 5 (3.50%) Minimum Viable Product
5 4 (2.80%) DataPower
6 3 (2.10%) Analytical Mindset
7 2 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
7 2 (1.40%) Mobile App
8 1 (0.70%) Client/Server
8 1 (0.70%) Data Structures
8 1 (0.70%) Greenfield Project
8 1 (0.70%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 17 (11.89%) Linux
2 5 (3.50%) Windows
3 2 (1.40%) Android
4 1 (0.70%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.70%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 123 (86.01%) Agile Software Development
2 99 (69.23%) TDD
3 70 (48.95%) Test Automation
4 61 (42.66%) Scrum
5 43 (30.07%) Kanban
6 35 (24.48%) DevOps
7 32 (22.38%) Integration Testing
8 27 (18.88%) Software Engineering
9 22 (15.38%) Continuous Integration
9 22 (15.38%) Front End Development
10 16 (11.19%) User Stories
11 15 (10.49%) Microservices
11 15 (10.49%) System Testing
12 14 (9.79%) Coaching
13 13 (9.09%) Mentoring
13 13 (9.09%) Problem-Solving
14 12 (8.39%) Deployment Automation
14 12 (8.39%) Digital Transformation Programme
14 12 (8.39%) Open Source
15 11 (7.69%) Test Scripting
Programming Languages
1 72 (50.35%) Java
2 57 (39.86%) JavaScript
3 42 (29.37%) Python
4 27 (18.88%) SQL
5 22 (15.38%) Ruby
6 17 (11.89%) Bash Shell
7 13 (9.09%) C#
8 12 (8.39%) Perl
9 7 (4.90%) Groovy
10 5 (3.50%) Java 8
11 4 (2.80%) ES6
12 2 (1.40%) PHP
12 2 (1.40%) Scala
13 1 (0.70%) PL/SQL
13 1 (0.70%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 8 (5.59%) Degree
1 8 (5.59%) Security Cleared
2 7 (4.90%) SC Cleared
3 5 (3.50%) ISEB
4 4 (2.80%) ISTQB
4 4 (2.80%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (20.98%) QA
2 1 (0.70%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 30 (20.98%) Docker
2 2 (1.40%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 25 (17.48%) Ansible
2 18 (12.59%) Opscode Chef
3 16 (11.19%) Puppet
4 12 (8.39%) Cobbler
5 9 (6.29%) Kubernetes
6 6 (4.20%) Consul
6 6 (4.20%) Mesos
7 2 (1.40%) Kibana
7 2 (1.40%) logstash
8 1 (0.70%) CA Service Virtualization
Vendors
1 19 (13.29%) IBM
2 9 (6.29%) TIBCO
3 8 (5.59%) Informatica
4 5 (3.50%) Oracle
5 4 (2.80%) Atlassian
6 3 (2.10%) Microsoft
6 3 (2.10%) VMware
7 2 (1.40%) Google
7 2 (1.40%) RedGate
7 2 (1.40%) Twitter
8 1 (0.70%) CA
8 1 (0.70%) TOWER Software
8 1 (0.70%) Xamarin