Period
to 18 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 18 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > Scotland
6 months to
18 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 22 27 35
Rank change year-on-year +5 +8 +15
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 384 263 221
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 7.36% 5.28% 5.05%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.37% 6.19% 5.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 215 153 101
Scotland median daily rate £375 £380 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.32% +8.57% +7.69%
10th Percentile £281 £300 £215
90th Percentile £525 £545 £475
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 2
Scotland median hourly rate £38.75 £13.50 £14.46
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +187.04% -6.66% -52.58%
10th Percentile £35.63 £10.75 £14.22
90th Percentile £42.88 £27.65 £14.74
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £43.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -4.65% +7.50% +6.67%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,588 4,249 3,714
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 87.91% 85.36% 84.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,481 2,400 2,168
Scotland median daily rate £400 £390 £356
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +9.55% -5.07%
10th Percentile £244 £250 £250
90th Percentile £550 £538 £488
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 100 108 99
Scotland median hourly rate £24.75 £24.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +14.29% -1.18%
10th Percentile £11.17 £12.30 £9.87
90th Percentile £48.88 £45.00 £43.00
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.14 £22.50
% change year-on-year -4.93% +2.84% +2.27%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Scotland

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Scotland

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Scotland over the 6 months to 18 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Scotland

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Scotland

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 18 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +2 186 £400 - 61
Glasgow +10 138 £400 +6.67% 26
Renfrewshire - 18 £280 -
West Lothian +14 15 £288 -23.33% 4
Fife -5 3 - - 2
Dundee -8 2 £325 - 1
Perth and Kinross - 2 £375 -
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 240 (62.50%) Agile Software Development
2 167 (43.49%) Java
3 111 (28.91%) Selenium
4 98 (25.52%) Continuous Integration
5 94 (24.48%) SQL
6 93 (24.22%) JavaScript
7 87 (22.66%) HTML
8 84 (21.88%) Jenkins
9 76 (19.79%) Cucumber
9 76 (19.79%) JIRA
10 74 (19.27%) BDD
11 72 (18.75%) TDD
12 65 (16.93%) Git (software)
13 64 (16.67%) Scrum
14 63 (16.41%) Spring
14 63 (16.41%) CSS
15 60 (15.63%) DevOps
16 58 (15.10%) Finance
16 58 (15.10%) C#
16 58 (15.10%) HTML5
17 55 (14.32%) OO
18 54 (14.06%) Python
19 53 (13.80%) AngularJS
20 52 (13.54%) Microservices
20 52 (13.54%) Test Scripting
20 52 (13.54%) Oracle
20 52 (13.54%) JUnit
20 52 (13.54%) QA
21 50 (13.02%) Microsoft
22 46 (11.98%) React

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (6.77%) Confluence
2 19 (4.95%) WebSphere
3 16 (4.17%) Cloud Foundry
4 14 (3.65%) JBoss
5 13 (3.39%) Tomcat
6 11 (2.86%) Jetty
6 11 (2.86%) WebLogic
7 5 (1.30%) Elasticsearch
8 4 (1.04%) Apache
8 4 (1.04%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.78%) CMS
9 3 (0.78%) Mule
9 3 (0.78%) Mule ESB
10 2 (0.52%) IIS
11 1 (0.26%) GemFire
11 1 (0.26%) nginx
11 1 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 11 (2.86%) MS Visio
2 7 (1.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 6 (1.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 6 (1.56%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.52%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (1.82%) Dynamics CRM
1 7 (1.82%) Markit EDM
2 1 (0.26%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 29 (7.55%) Microsoft Azure
2 24 (6.25%) Amazon AWS
3 17 (4.43%) Office 365
4 16 (4.17%) SaaS
5 7 (1.82%) PaaS
6 5 (1.30%) npm
6 5 (1.30%) OpenShift
7 4 (1.04%) GitHub
7 4 (1.04%) Google Cloud Platform
7 4 (1.04%) Tricentis Tosca
7 4 (1.04%) Yarn
8 3 (0.78%) Amazon EC2
8 3 (0.78%) Amazon S3
8 3 (0.78%) BrowserStack
8 3 (0.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 1 (0.26%) AWS CloudFormation
9 1 (0.26%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.26%) Heroku
9 1 (0.26%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 16 (4.17%) DHCP
1 16 (4.17%) DNS
2 14 (3.65%) AMQP
3 12 (3.13%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.78%) HTTP
4 3 (0.78%) SAN
5 1 (0.26%) Internet
5 1 (0.26%) MQTT
5 1 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (10.94%) NoSQL
2 41 (10.68%) MongoDB
3 31 (8.07%) Relational Database
4 28 (7.29%) SQL Server
5 24 (6.25%) Apache Cassandra
6 23 (5.99%) RDBMS
7 21 (5.47%) MySQL
8 16 (4.17%) Couchbase
8 16 (4.17%) Redis
9 15 (3.91%) DB2
10 12 (3.13%) Hadoop
11 11 (2.86%) Riak
12 7 (1.82%) PostgreSQL
13 5 (1.30%) Oracle Database
13 5 (1.30%) Oracle Database 11g
13 5 (1.30%) Oracle Database 12c
14 4 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 4 (1.04%) SQL Server 2014
15 3 (0.78%) Flink
16 2 (0.52%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 111 (28.91%) Selenium
2 84 (21.88%) Jenkins
3 76 (19.79%) Cucumber
3 76 (19.79%) JIRA
4 65 (16.93%) Git (software)
5 52 (13.54%) JUnit
6 37 (9.64%) HP UFT
7 30 (7.81%) Maven
8 28 (7.29%) JMeter
9 27 (7.03%) FitNesse
10 25 (6.51%) TeamCity
11 20 (5.21%) Team Foundation Server
12 19 (4.95%) WebDriver
13 18 (4.69%) WinRunner
14 17 (4.43%) Appium
14 17 (4.43%) SpecFlow
15 16 (4.17%) Gatling
15 16 (4.17%) Protractor
16 15 (3.91%) Subversion
17 14 (3.65%) SoapUI
General
1 58 (15.10%) Finance
2 35 (9.11%) Banking
3 6 (1.56%) Games
4 4 (1.04%) Front Office
5 3 (0.78%) Retail
6 2 (0.52%) Advertising
6 2 (0.52%) Electronics
6 2 (0.52%) Financial Institution
6 2 (0.52%) Investment Banking
6 2 (0.52%) Private Banking
6 2 (0.52%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.26%) Automotive
7 1 (0.26%) Billing
7 1 (0.26%) Law
7 1 (0.26%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.26%) Marketing
7 1 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 149 (38.80%) Developer
2 70 (18.23%) Tester
3 66 (17.19%) Analyst
4 59 (15.36%) Java Developer
5 55 (14.32%) Automation Tester
5 55 (14.32%) Test Analyst
6 29 (7.55%) Full Stack Developer
6 29 (7.55%) Test Engineer
7 23 (5.99%) Automation Test Analyst
8 22 (5.73%) Senior Developer
9 18 (4.69%) React Developer
10 17 (4.43%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 17 (4.43%) JavaScript Developer
11 14 (3.65%) Architect
12 13 (3.39%) Technical Architect
13 12 (3.13%) Test Automation Engineer
13 12 (3.13%) Test Leader
14 10 (2.60%) Backend Developer
14 10 (2.60%) Senior Front-End Developer
14 10 (2.60%) Senior JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 87 (22.66%) HTML
2 63 (16.41%) CSS
2 63 (16.41%) Spring
3 58 (15.10%) HTML5
4 53 (13.80%) AngularJS
5 46 (11.98%) React
6 43 (11.20%) RESTful
7 36 (9.38%) REST
8 32 (8.33%) Spring Boot
9 29 (7.55%) .NET
9 29 (7.55%) Node.js
10 28 (7.29%) CSS3
11 27 (7.03%) Kafka
12 25 (6.51%) Hibernate
13 20 (5.21%) Web Services
14 19 (4.95%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 18 (4.69%) MEAN Stack
15 18 (4.69%) RabbitMQ
16 16 (4.17%) JMS
16 16 (4.17%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 18 (4.69%) Clustering
2 17 (4.43%) PDA
3 15 (3.91%) Enterprise Software
4 14 (3.65%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (3.65%) Data Structures
5 13 (3.39%) User Experience
6 10 (2.60%) Algorithms
6 10 (2.60%) Computer Science
7 9 (2.34%) Greenfield Project
8 6 (1.56%) Data Centre
9 4 (1.04%) Client/Server
9 4 (1.04%) Equities
9 4 (1.04%) Mobile App
9 4 (1.04%) Public Cloud
9 4 (1.04%) Self-Motivation
9 4 (1.04%) Virtual Team
10 3 (0.78%) DataPower
10 3 (0.78%) Hybrid Cloud
10 3 (0.78%) Private Cloud
10 3 (0.78%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 39 (10.16%) Linux
1 39 (10.16%) Windows
2 21 (5.47%) Unix
3 18 (4.69%) AIX
3 18 (4.69%) Windows 7
4 17 (4.43%) Windows Server 2003
4 17 (4.43%) Windows Server 2008
5 6 (1.56%) Apple iOS
6 4 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.78%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.52%) Android
9 1 (0.26%) Solaris
9 1 (0.26%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 240 (62.50%) Agile Software Development
2 98 (25.52%) Continuous Integration
3 74 (19.27%) BDD
4 72 (18.75%) TDD
5 64 (16.67%) Scrum
6 60 (15.63%) DevOps
7 55 (14.32%) OO
8 52 (13.54%) Microservices
8 52 (13.54%) Test Scripting
9 44 (11.46%) Functional Testing
10 43 (11.20%) Software Testing
11 38 (9.90%) Software Engineering
12 37 (9.64%) Kanban
13 33 (8.59%) Integration Testing
14 28 (7.29%) Analytics
15 26 (6.77%) Open Source
16 25 (6.51%) API Testing
16 25 (6.51%) Mentoring
16 25 (6.51%) Regression Testing
17 24 (6.25%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 167 (43.49%) Java
2 94 (24.48%) SQL
3 93 (24.22%) JavaScript
4 58 (15.10%) C#
5 54 (14.06%) Python
6 22 (5.73%) Ruby
7 20 (5.21%) Bash Shell
8 16 (4.17%) Java 8
8 16 (4.17%) Perl
9 15 (3.91%) ES6
10 10 (2.60%) PowerShell
11 7 (1.82%) Shell Script
11 7 (1.82%) TypeScript
12 6 (1.56%) Groovy
13 5 (1.30%) Kotlin
13 5 (1.30%) T-SQL
13 5 (1.30%) XAML
14 4 (1.04%) C++
14 4 (1.04%) PL/SQL
15 3 (0.78%) Korn
Qualifications
1 32 (8.33%) ISTQB
2 22 (5.73%) Degree
3 21 (5.47%) Security Cleared
4 19 (4.95%) SC Cleared
5 11 (2.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 7 (1.82%) ISEB
7 3 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.78%) Computer Science Degree
8 1 (0.26%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.26%) MCITP
8 1 (0.26%) MCSA
8 1 (0.26%) MCSE
8 1 (0.26%) MCTS
8 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.26%) PMI Certification
8 1 (0.26%) PMP
8 1 (0.26%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (13.54%) QA
2 5 (1.30%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.78%) PMO
System Software
1 26 (6.77%) Docker
2 20 (5.21%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (4.69%) Active Directory
3 18 (4.69%) Hyper-V
3 18 (4.69%) VMware ESXi
4 17 (4.43%) Virtual Desktop
5 3 (0.78%) EMC RecoverPoint
6 2 (0.52%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.26%) Firmware
7 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 1 (0.26%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 22 (5.73%) Ansible
2 20 (5.21%) HP ALM
2 20 (5.21%) Puppet
3 19 (4.95%) Opscode Chef
4 17 (4.43%) HP Quality Center
4 17 (4.43%) McAfee ePO
5 10 (2.60%) Cobbler
5 10 (2.60%) Kubernetes
6 4 (1.04%) OpenView
6 4 (1.04%) SCOM
6 4 (1.04%) ZABBIX
7 2 (0.52%) Kibana
7 2 (0.52%) logstash
7 2 (0.52%) Rancher
8 1 (0.26%) CA Service Virtualization
8 1 (0.26%) Control-M
8 1 (0.26%) PowerCLI
8 1 (0.26%) Terraform
Vendors
1 52 (13.54%) Oracle
2 50 (13.02%) Microsoft
3 26 (6.77%) HP
4 25 (6.51%) VMware
5 21 (5.47%) IBM
6 18 (4.69%) Citrix
6 18 (4.69%) McAfee
6 18 (4.69%) Veritas
7 17 (4.43%) Ivanti
8 11 (2.86%) TIBCO
9 8 (2.08%) Informatica
10 7 (1.82%) Atlassian
11 6 (1.56%) Twitter
12 4 (1.04%) Charles River
12 4 (1.04%) Google
12 4 (1.04%) Red Hat
13 3 (0.78%) CA
13 3 (0.78%) CA Agile Central
13 3 (0.78%) Sybase
14 2 (0.52%) Sonatype