Period
to 19 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK > Scotland
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 29 30
Rank change year-on-year +13 +1 +79
Contract jobs citing Python 424 260 248
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 8.08% 5.26% 5.71%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.61% 13.68% 14.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 255 145 123
Scotland median daily rate £475 £413 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +15.15% +10.00% -4.15%
10th Percentile £325 £324 £263
90th Percentile £700 £550 £461
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 1
Scotland median hourly rate £42.50 - £14.50
10th Percentile £36.25 - £14.25
90th Percentile £43.60 - £14.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £39.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,162 1,900 1,755
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 41.19% 38.41% 40.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,226 1,139 1,060
Scotland median daily rate £400 £388 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.23% +10.71% -
10th Percentile £300 £284 £263
90th Percentile £544 £525 £475
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 28 31
Scotland median hourly rate £32.50 £27.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.37% -32.50% +6.67%
10th Percentile £10.75 £15.09 £14.85
90th Percentile £44.27 £195.00 £52.00
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Python in Scotland

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in Scotland

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in Scotland

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in Scotland

Python
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +20 222 £500 +21.21% 50
Glasgow +5 164 £450 +12.50% 29
Fife +2 5 - -
West Lothian +11 3 £375 - 4
South Lanarkshire - 3 £475 -
Aberdeen - 3 £438 - 6
Dundee -8 2 - -
Stirling +1 1 £363 -23.68% 1
North Lanarkshire - 1 £320 -
Python
UK

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Python.

1 212 (50.00%) Agile Software Development
2 208 (49.06%) Java
3 156 (36.79%) Jenkins
4 155 (36.56%) DevOps
5 153 (36.08%) Linux
6 130 (30.66%) Ansible
7 117 (27.59%) Finance
8 109 (25.71%) Amazon AWS
9 105 (24.76%) SQL
10 102 (24.06%) Scrum
11 90 (21.23%) Puppet
12 88 (20.75%) Docker
13 87 (20.52%) Ruby
13 87 (20.52%) JavaScript
14 84 (19.81%) Perl
15 82 (19.34%) Git (software)
16 75 (17.69%) Bash Shell
17 73 (17.22%) Continuous Integration
17 73 (17.22%) Software Engineering
18 69 (16.27%) TDD
18 69 (16.27%) Windows
18 69 (16.27%) Opscode Chef
19 61 (14.39%) Kanban
19 61 (14.39%) Oracle
20 57 (13.44%) C#
21 55 (12.97%) Relational Database
22 54 (12.74%) Test Automation
23 53 (12.50%) Terraform
24 52 (12.26%) Hadoop
25 49 (11.56%) HTML

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (7.55%) Cloud Foundry
2 26 (6.13%) nginx
3 20 (4.72%) Tomcat
4 17 (4.01%) JBoss
5 14 (3.30%) Apache
6 13 (3.07%) Apache Spark
7 10 (2.36%) Jetty
7 10 (2.36%) SAS
7 10 (2.36%) WebLogic
7 10 (2.36%) WebSphere
8 7 (1.65%) Confluence
9 5 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
10 4 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
11 3 (0.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 1 (0.24%) Apache Solr
12 1 (0.24%) GemFire
12 1 (0.24%) SharePoint
Applications
1 4 (0.94%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (0.94%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.71%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.24%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 8 (1.89%) AquaLogic BPM
1 8 (1.89%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 109 (25.71%) Amazon AWS
2 35 (8.25%) npm
3 32 (7.55%) Microsoft Azure
4 31 (7.31%) OpenShift
5 29 (6.84%) PaaS
6 26 (6.13%) GitHub
7 24 (5.66%) AWS CloudFormation
8 11 (2.59%) Google Cloud Platform
8 11 (2.59%) IaaS
8 11 (2.59%) Yarn
9 9 (2.12%) Cloud Computing
10 8 (1.89%) Amazon S3
11 7 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
12 6 (1.42%) Heroku
13 4 (0.94%) Office 365
13 4 (0.94%) OneDrive
13 4 (0.94%) Serverless
13 4 (0.94%) Tricentis Tosca
13 4 (0.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 3 (0.71%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 10 (2.36%) Firewall
2 9 (2.12%) AMQP
3 7 (1.65%) DNS
3 7 (1.65%) VSAN
4 6 (1.42%) HTTP
5 5 (1.18%) Network Security
5 5 (1.18%) SAN
5 5 (1.18%) SSL
5 5 (1.18%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.94%) DSL
6 4 (0.94%) Wireshark
7 2 (0.47%) Internet
7 2 (0.47%) Kerberos
8 1 (0.24%) Cisco ASA
8 1 (0.24%) DHCP
8 1 (0.24%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
8 1 (0.24%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (12.97%) Relational Database
2 52 (12.26%) Hadoop
3 42 (9.91%) NoSQL
3 42 (9.91%) SQL Server
4 33 (7.78%) MongoDB
5 29 (6.84%) PostgreSQL
6 19 (4.48%) Neo4j
7 18 (4.25%) ArangoDB
7 18 (4.25%) RDBMS
7 18 (4.25%) Redis
8 14 (3.30%) Big Data
8 14 (3.30%) Couchbase
9 9 (2.12%) Riak
10 8 (1.89%) MySQL
11 7 (1.65%) Apache Cassandra
11 7 (1.65%) Apache Hive
12 6 (1.42%) Amazon Athena
12 6 (1.42%) MSDE
13 5 (1.18%) Spotfire
14 4 (0.94%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 156 (36.79%) Jenkins
2 82 (19.34%) Git (software)
3 42 (9.91%) Maven
4 29 (6.84%) Cucumber
4 29 (6.84%) JUnit
5 26 (6.13%) Selenium
6 24 (5.66%) Gradle
7 23 (5.42%) IBM UrbanCode
7 23 (5.42%) Subversion
7 23 (5.42%) Travis CI
8 22 (5.19%) CircleCI
8 22 (5.19%) gulp
8 22 (5.19%) TeamCity
9 19 (4.48%) JIRA
10 15 (3.54%) Artifactory
10 15 (3.54%) Vagrant
11 13 (3.07%) JMeter
12 11 (2.59%) GitLab
12 11 (2.59%) Sonatype Nexus
12 11 (2.59%) SpecFlow
General
1 117 (27.59%) Finance
2 36 (8.49%) Banking
3 12 (2.83%) Front Office
4 11 (2.59%) Retail Banking
5 4 (0.94%) Investment Banking
5 4 (0.94%) Marketing
6 3 (0.71%) Games
6 3 (0.71%) Law
7 2 (0.47%) Publishing
7 2 (0.47%) Retail
8 1 (0.24%) Advertising
8 1 (0.24%) Electronics
8 1 (0.24%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.24%) Local Government
8 1 (0.24%) Private Banking
8 1 (0.24%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 166 (39.15%) Developer
2 94 (22.17%) DevOps Engineer
3 70 (16.51%) Python Developer
4 38 (8.96%) Java Developer
5 24 (5.66%) Full Stack Developer
6 21 (4.95%) Architect
6 21 (4.95%) Cloud Engineer
7 19 (4.48%) AWS Engineer
8 17 (4.01%) Data Engineer
9 16 (3.77%) Analyst
10 15 (3.54%) Software Developer
11 14 (3.30%) Automation Engineer
11 14 (3.30%) AWS DevOps
11 14 (3.30%) JavaScript Developer
12 12 (2.83%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 12 (2.83%) Linux Engineer
12 12 (2.83%) Senior Developer
13 11 (2.59%) Technical Architect
14 10 (2.36%) Data Scientist
15 9 (2.12%) Operations Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (11.56%) HTML
2 42 (9.91%) REST
3 37 (8.73%) Spring
4 35 (8.25%) CSS
5 34 (8.02%) React
6 31 (7.31%) AngularJS
7 25 (5.90%) Kafka
8 24 (5.66%) .NET
8 24 (5.66%) Node.js
9 22 (5.19%) Hibernate
9 22 (5.19%) HTML5
9 22 (5.19%) Web Services
10 19 (4.48%) JMS
11 18 (4.25%) Sass
12 17 (4.01%) XML
13 16 (3.77%) Redux
13 16 (3.77%) SOAP
14 15 (3.54%) Django
15 14 (3.30%) Ruby on Rails
16 12 (2.83%) Enzyme
Miscellaneous
1 32 (7.55%) Analytical Skills
2 27 (6.37%) User Experience
3 16 (3.77%) Cloud Native
3 16 (3.77%) Enterprise Software
4 14 (3.30%) Derivative
4 14 (3.30%) Greenfield Project
5 13 (3.07%) Algorithms
5 13 (3.07%) Cyberthreat
5 13 (3.07%) Reference Data
6 11 (2.59%) Computer Science
7 9 (2.12%) Data Structures
7 9 (2.12%) Private Cloud
7 9 (2.12%) Public Cloud
7 9 (2.12%) Self-Motivation
8 7 (1.65%) Data Centre
9 6 (1.42%) iPad
10 4 (0.94%) Equities
10 4 (0.94%) Management Information System
10 4 (0.94%) Virtual Team
11 3 (0.71%) OTC Derivatives
Operating Systems
1 153 (36.08%) Linux
2 69 (16.27%) Windows
3 42 (9.91%) Unix
4 25 (5.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 10 (2.36%) Solaris
6 8 (1.89%) Windows Server
7 6 (1.42%) Android
7 6 (1.42%) Apple iOS
8 2 (0.47%) CentOS
8 2 (0.47%) Kali Linux
9 1 (0.24%) DC/OS
9 1 (0.24%) Debian
9 1 (0.24%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 212 (50.00%) Agile Software Development
2 155 (36.56%) DevOps
3 102 (24.06%) Scrum
4 73 (17.22%) Continuous Integration
4 73 (17.22%) Software Engineering
5 69 (16.27%) TDD
6 61 (14.39%) Kanban
7 54 (12.74%) Test Automation
8 45 (10.61%) Analytics
9 44 (10.38%) Microservices
10 41 (9.67%) SDLC
11 40 (9.43%) BDD
12 39 (9.20%) Continuous Delivery
13 38 (8.96%) OO
14 37 (8.73%) Problem-Solving
15 35 (8.25%) Open Source
16 33 (7.78%) Data Modelling
17 24 (5.66%) Data Analytics
18 20 (4.72%) Cybersecurity
18 20 (4.72%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 208 (49.06%) Java
2 105 (24.76%) SQL
3 87 (20.52%) JavaScript
3 87 (20.52%) Ruby
4 84 (19.81%) Perl
5 75 (17.69%) Bash Shell
6 57 (13.44%) C#
7 43 (10.14%) Groovy
8 40 (9.43%) C++
9 38 (8.96%) Shell Script
10 37 (8.73%) Go
11 31 (7.31%) Scala
12 29 (6.84%) PowerShell
13 18 (4.25%) R
14 13 (3.07%) ES6
15 8 (1.89%) C
15 8 (1.89%) XPath
16 6 (1.42%) Lua
16 6 (1.42%) PHP
17 5 (1.18%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 18 (4.25%) CISM
1 18 (4.25%) CISSP
2 14 (3.30%) Security Cleared
3 9 (2.12%) Degree
4 8 (1.89%) SC Cleared
5 4 (0.94%) PhD
6 3 (0.71%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (0.71%) ISTQB
6 3 (0.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 3 (0.71%) RHCE
7 2 (0.47%) CCNA
7 2 (0.47%) CCNP
7 2 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.25%) FINRA
1 18 (4.25%) GDPR
2 12 (2.83%) QA
3 6 (1.42%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 88 (20.75%) Docker
2 23 (5.42%) Virtual Machines
3 15 (3.54%) Active Directory
4 14 (3.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 11 (2.59%) VMware NSX
6 7 (1.65%) vSphere
7 2 (0.47%) EMC RecoverPoint
8 1 (0.24%) Firmware
8 1 (0.24%) HDFS
8 1 (0.24%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.24%) NFS
8 1 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.24%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 130 (30.66%) Ansible
2 90 (21.23%) Puppet
3 69 (16.27%) Opscode Chef
4 53 (12.50%) Terraform
5 47 (11.08%) Kubernetes
6 15 (3.54%) SELinux
7 9 (2.12%) Cobbler
8 8 (1.89%) Mesos
9 7 (1.65%) Consul
9 7 (1.65%) vRealize
10 5 (1.18%) Packer
10 5 (1.18%) Prometheus
10 5 (1.18%) ZABBIX
11 4 (0.94%) Control-M
11 4 (0.94%) OpenView
11 4 (0.94%) Oracle ZFS
11 4 (0.94%) PowerCLI
11 4 (0.94%) Red Hat Satellite
11 4 (0.94%) SCOM
11 4 (0.94%) Xymon
Vendors
1 61 (14.39%) Oracle
2 29 (6.84%) VMware
3 26 (6.13%) Microsoft
4 21 (4.95%) Varonis
5 19 (4.48%) Cloudera
5 19 (4.48%) Sybase
5 19 (4.48%) Symantec
6 18 (4.25%) Hortonworks
6 18 (4.25%) McAfee
7 17 (4.01%) IBM
8 15 (3.54%) Red Hat
9 13 (3.07%) Informatica
10 12 (2.83%) TIBCO
11 9 (2.12%) Google
11 9 (2.12%) Tableau
12 8 (1.89%) Splunk
13 4 (0.94%) HP
13 4 (0.94%) NetApp
13 4 (0.94%) Teradata
14 3 (0.71%) NetScout