Period
to 21 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 80 52 51
Rank change year-on-year -28 -1 +9
Contract jobs citing BDD 2,340 4,471 4,092
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.81% 4.30% 3.97%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.27% 4.94% 4.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,700 3,327 3,207
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £369 £363 £350
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 10 7
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £33.75 £33.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.70% +2.27% -26.67%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.00
% change year-on-year - +6.06% -9.59%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 71,510 90,455 88,870
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.95% 86.91% 86.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,824 59,878 59,072
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £294 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,277 2,338 2,136
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.82% -4.35% +2.22%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £49.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.00 £23.32
% change year-on-year +7.14% -9.95% +3.64%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 2,196 £513 +2.50% 653
London -22 1,331 £550 +4.76% 253
UK excluding London -47 984 £450 - 431
South East -62 268 £463 -5.13% 107
North of England -44 223 £438 +2.94% 135
Midlands -15 151 £475 +5.56% 59
South West -30 128 £443 +2.02% 54
West Midlands -2 106 £475 +5.56% 38
Yorkshire -13 104 £420 -1.18% 50
Scotland -10 103 £400 -8.57% 21
East of England +17 96 £450 -16.28% 45
North West -65 88 £450 +2.56% 72
East Midlands -3 39 £425 +6.18% 21
North East -19 30 £425 +8.42% 13
Wales +3 17 £425 - 7
Northern Ireland -1 2 £430 +26.47% 3

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 1,800 (76.92%) TDD
2 1,778 (75.98%) Agile Software Development
3 942 (40.26%) Java
4 788 (33.68%) JavaScript
5 781 (33.38%) Scrum
6 768 (32.82%) Test Automation
7 607 (25.94%) Microservices
8 601 (25.68%) C#
9 535 (22.86%) DevOps
10 527 (22.52%) Git (software)
11 521 (22.26%) Jenkins
12 494 (21.11%) AWS
13 491 (20.98%) Continuous Integration
14 473 (20.21%) Selenium
15 472 (20.17%) Azure
16 465 (19.87%) .NET
17 457 (19.53%) SQL
18 400 (17.09%) HTML
18 400 (17.09%) Cucumber
19 397 (16.97%) Kanban
20 393 (16.79%) AngularJS
21 387 (16.54%) CSS
22 386 (16.50%) Spring
23 384 (16.41%) Web Services
24 368 (15.73%) RESTful
25 352 (15.04%) Finance
26 346 (14.79%) React
27 342 (14.62%) JIRA
28 334 (14.27%) Docker
29 330 (14.10%) QA

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 178 (7.61%) Confluence
2 94 (4.02%) Elasticsearch
3 44 (1.88%) Apache Spark
4 43 (1.84%) Tomcat
5 36 (1.54%) Apache
6 31 (1.32%) SharePoint
7 29 (1.24%) WebSphere
8 24 (1.03%) CMS
9 20 (0.85%) Umbraco
10 16 (0.68%) Sitecore CMS
11 15 (0.64%) IIS
12 14 (0.60%) JBoss
13 11 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 10 (0.43%) Jetty
14 10 (0.43%) Oracle Workflow
15 9 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
16 8 (0.34%) Apache Solr
16 8 (0.34%) Mattermost
17 7 (0.30%) Magnolia
18 6 (0.26%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 21 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.85%) MS Visio
3 17 (0.73%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
5 9 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.21%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.17%) Zeplin
8 2 (0.085%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.085%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.043%) InVision
9 1 (0.043%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 19 (0.81%) Magento
2 17 (0.73%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.34%) BusinessWorks
3 8 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
4 5 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.085%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.043%) Cognos Business Intelligence
6 1 (0.043%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.043%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.043%) Shopify
6 1 (0.043%) Sonata
6 1 (0.043%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 494 (21.11%) AWS
2 472 (20.17%) Azure
3 108 (4.62%) Amazon EC2
4 106 (4.53%) Serverless
5 103 (4.40%) GitHub
6 69 (2.95%) AWS Lambda
7 64 (2.74%) Amazon SQS
8 52 (2.22%) GCP
9 43 (1.84%) PaaS
10 41 (1.75%) OpenShift
11 37 (1.58%) BrowserStack
12 31 (1.32%) Azure Functions
13 28 (1.20%) Power Platform
14 25 (1.07%) Amazon ECS
14 25 (1.07%) Sauce Labs
15 23 (0.98%) Amazon S3
16 20 (0.85%) Azure Data Factory
17 18 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
18 17 (0.73%) Azure Active Directory
19 15 (0.64%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 60 (2.56%) HTTP
2 48 (2.05%) Internet
3 33 (1.41%) DNS
4 15 (0.64%) SSH
5 12 (0.51%) SSL
5 12 (0.51%) TCP/IP
6 11 (0.47%) FTP
7 7 (0.30%) Kerberos
8 6 (0.26%) Firewall
9 5 (0.21%) DSL
10 4 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
11 3 (0.13%) PuTTY
11 3 (0.13%) WinSCP
11 3 (0.13%) Wireless
11 3 (0.13%) Wireshark
12 2 (0.085%) AMQP
12 2 (0.085%) HTTPS
12 2 (0.085%) Intranet
12 2 (0.085%) Reverse Proxy
13 1 (0.043%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 232 (9.91%) SQL Server
2 161 (6.88%) PostgreSQL
3 143 (6.11%) MongoDB
4 134 (5.73%) NoSQL
5 120 (5.13%) MySQL
6 80 (3.42%) Relational Database
7 70 (2.99%) Big Data
8 59 (2.52%) Hadoop
9 55 (2.35%) Amazon RDS
10 42 (1.79%) Cosmos DB
11 38 (1.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 36 (1.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 31 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
14 30 (1.28%) Oracle Database
15 28 (1.20%) Azure SQL Database
15 28 (1.20%) Power BI
16 25 (1.07%) Redis
17 24 (1.03%) HBase
17 24 (1.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 22 (0.94%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 527 (22.52%) Git (software)
2 521 (22.26%) Jenkins
3 473 (20.21%) Selenium
4 400 (17.09%) Cucumber
5 342 (14.62%) JIRA
6 207 (8.85%) Maven
7 180 (7.69%) JUnit
8 150 (6.41%) SpecFlow
8 150 (6.41%) WebDriver
9 140 (5.98%) Mockito
10 117 (5.00%) SonarQube
11 115 (4.91%) JMeter
12 106 (4.53%) TeamCity
13 85 (3.63%) Jasmine
14 78 (3.33%) Gradle
15 74 (3.16%) SoapUI
16 72 (3.08%) DbUnit
17 71 (3.03%) jMock
17 71 (3.03%) Team Foundation Server
18 63 (2.69%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 352 (15.04%) Finance
2 200 (8.55%) Banking
3 140 (5.98%) Public Sector
4 82 (3.50%) Retail
5 81 (3.46%) Front Office
6 66 (2.82%) Marketing
7 51 (2.18%) Investment Banking
8 36 (1.54%) Law
9 35 (1.50%) Games
9 35 (1.50%) Military
10 27 (1.15%) Legal
10 27 (1.15%) Telecoms
11 19 (0.81%) Financial Institution
12 10 (0.43%) Advertising
12 10 (0.43%) Manufacturing
13 8 (0.34%) Publishing
14 7 (0.30%) Back Office
15 6 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.26%) Retail Banking
16 2 (0.085%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,433 (61.24%) Developer
2 452 (19.32%) Java Developer
3 233 (9.96%) Senior Developer
4 215 (9.19%) .NET Developer
5 194 (8.29%) React Developer
6 191 (8.16%) Analyst
7 173 (7.39%) Full Stack Developer
8 172 (7.35%) C# Developer
9 146 (6.24%) Tester
10 120 (5.13%) Test Engineer
11 110 (4.70%) Automation Tester
12 106 (4.53%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 104 (4.44%) Angular Developer
14 95 (4.06%) JavaScript Developer
15 94 (4.02%) Business Analyst
16 83 (3.55%) Software Developer
17 82 (3.50%) C# .NET Developer
18 81 (3.46%) Senior Java Developer
19 78 (3.33%) Python Developer
20 75 (3.21%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 465 (19.87%) .NET
2 400 (17.09%) HTML
3 393 (16.79%) AngularJS
4 387 (16.54%) CSS
5 386 (16.50%) Spring
6 384 (16.41%) Web Services
7 368 (15.73%) RESTful
8 346 (14.79%) React
9 320 (13.68%) REST
10 316 (13.50%) Node.js
11 270 (11.54%) SOAP
12 215 (9.19%) Spring Boot
13 186 (7.95%) ASP.NET
14 178 (7.61%) JSON
15 173 (7.39%) Gherkin
16 169 (7.22%) .NET Core
17 163 (6.97%) HTML5
18 155 (6.62%) Kafka
19 151 (6.45%) Redux
20 142 (6.07%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 170 (7.26%) Greenfield Project
2 140 (5.98%) Analytical Skills
2 140 (5.98%) User Experience
3 81 (3.46%) Mobile App
4 69 (2.95%) Enterprise Software
5 57 (2.44%) Algorithms
6 32 (1.37%) Linux Command Line
7 30 (1.28%) Data Structures
8 29 (1.24%) Derivative
9 25 (1.07%) Cloud Native
10 23 (0.98%) Management Information System
11 20 (0.85%) Blog
12 19 (0.81%) NHS
13 18 (0.77%) Equities
14 17 (0.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 16 (0.68%) Self-Motivation
15 16 (0.68%) W3C
16 15 (0.64%) Public Cloud
16 15 (0.64%) Vector Graphics
16 15 (0.64%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 204 (8.72%) Linux
2 115 (4.91%) Unix
3 89 (3.80%) Android
4 79 (3.38%) Apple iOS
5 57 (2.44%) Windows
6 27 (1.15%) Mac OS X
7 19 (0.81%) Mac OS
8 16 (0.68%) CentOS
9 14 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 9 (0.38%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.17%) Windows Server
12 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.085%) tvOS
13 2 (0.085%) VMS
13 2 (0.085%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.043%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,800 (76.92%) TDD
2 1,778 (75.98%) Agile Software Development
3 781 (33.38%) Scrum
4 768 (32.82%) Test Automation
5 607 (25.94%) Microservices
6 535 (22.86%) DevOps
7 491 (20.98%) Continuous Integration
8 397 (16.97%) Kanban
9 283 (12.09%) MVC
10 269 (11.50%) Software Engineering
11 248 (10.60%) Pair Programming
12 225 (9.62%) User Stories
13 214 (9.15%) E-Commerce
14 193 (8.25%) Front End Development
15 174 (7.44%) Unit Testing
16 162 (6.92%) Open Source
17 159 (6.79%) Problem-Solving
18 156 (6.67%) Mentoring
19 148 (6.32%) OO
20 145 (6.20%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 942 (40.26%) Java
2 788 (33.68%) JavaScript
3 601 (25.68%) C#
4 457 (19.53%) SQL
5 246 (10.51%) Java 8
6 240 (10.26%) Python
7 133 (5.68%) TypeScript
8 109 (4.66%) Scala
9 79 (3.38%) ES6
10 78 (3.33%) Ruby
11 55 (2.35%) PHP
12 54 (2.31%) C
13 51 (2.18%) C++
14 49 (2.09%) T-SQL
15 44 (1.88%) Kotlin
16 30 (1.28%) Groovy
16 30 (1.28%) PowerShell
17 28 (1.20%) Shell Script
18 26 (1.11%) Go
19 24 (1.03%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 270 (11.54%) Security Cleared
2 236 (10.09%) SC Cleared
3 107 (4.57%) Degree
4 49 (2.09%) ISTQB
5 44 (1.88%) ISEB
6 39 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
7 37 (1.58%) DV Cleared
8 20 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
9 12 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 10 (0.43%) DBS Check
10 10 (0.43%) Sun Certification
11 9 (0.38%) OCPJP
12 8 (0.34%) IIBA
13 5 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
14 4 (0.17%) CISA
14 4 (0.17%) CISM
14 4 (0.17%) CISSP
14 4 (0.17%) CRISC
14 4 (0.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 3 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 330 (14.10%) QA
2 8 (0.34%) GDPR
3 6 (0.26%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.13%) PMO
4 3 (0.13%) WCAG
5 1 (0.043%) HL7
5 1 (0.043%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 334 (14.27%) Docker
2 40 (1.71%) Postfix
3 35 (1.50%) vSphere
4 34 (1.45%) VMware Infrastructure
5 29 (1.24%) Active Directory
6 12 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.38%) HDFS
7 9 (0.38%) NDS
8 7 (0.30%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 6 (0.26%) Varnish
10 5 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
11 4 (0.17%) NFS
12 3 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
13 2 (0.085%) Firmware
14 1 (0.043%) Apache Flume
14 1 (0.043%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 218 (9.32%) Kubernetes
2 106 (4.53%) Ansible
3 75 (3.21%) Terraform
4 31 (1.32%) Puppet
5 22 (0.94%) NetIQ Identity Manager
5 22 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
7 12 (0.51%) Kibana
8 11 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
8 11 (0.47%) Mesos
9 10 (0.43%) Cobbler
9 10 (0.43%) Control-M
9 10 (0.43%) Marathon
10 8 (0.34%) MIIS
11 7 (0.30%) Grafana
11 7 (0.30%) logstash
11 7 (0.30%) Oracle Identity Manager
12 6 (0.26%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.21%) ITRS Geneos
14 4 (0.17%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 145 (6.20%) Oracle
2 141 (6.03%) Microsoft
3 78 (3.33%) Google
4 45 (1.92%) VMware
5 32 (1.37%) IBM
6 28 (1.20%) Apple
7 26 (1.11%) NetIQ
8 23 (0.98%) Red Hat
9 22 (0.94%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 22 (0.94%) ForgeRock
9 22 (0.94%) Xamarin
10 21 (0.90%) Salesforce.com
11 19 (0.81%) Atlassian
12 17 (0.73%) MuleSoft
12 17 (0.73%) Sitecore
13 16 (0.68%) SAP
14 12 (0.51%) Adobe
14 12 (0.51%) New Relic
14 12 (0.51%) Pega
14 12 (0.51%) Splunk