Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 51 58 69
Rank change year-on-year +7 +11 +19
Contract jobs citing BDD 4008 3833 3322
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.95% 3.66% 2.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.68% 4.36% 3.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 3135 2990 2694
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £311
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £429 £375
% change year-on-year -0.87% +14.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 15 5
UK median hourly rate £33.00 £45.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.67% +20.00% -
10th Percentile £31.50 £31.45 £27.05
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.90 £38.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.00 £36.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -9.59% -2.67% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85705 87976 93705
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.52% 83.91% 81.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 57093 58207 60721
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2022 2335 2744
UK median hourly rate £23.32 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.83% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.35 £11.32 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.37 £23.75
% change year-on-year -1.50% +2.59% +18.75%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 3830 £475 +2.70% 471
London +9 2511 £500 +5.26% 229
UK excluding London -4 1472 £425 -0.87% 265
South East +20 449 £438 -2.78% 68
North of England -4 400 £420 -4.00% 85
Midlands +24 200 £425 +2.41% 26
Yorkshire +9 196 £425 -2.86% 34
North West -18 168 £400 -9.09% 45
South West +4 145 £390 +11.43% 28
East of England -23 136 £450 -7.69% 35
West Midlands +50 134 £425 +6.25% 10
Scotland -31 126 £400 - 14
East Midlands -17 66 £425 - 16
North East +18 43 £425 -2.97% 6
Wales -45 20 £406 -14.47% 9
Northern Ireland -60 6 £345 -10.39%

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3245 (80.96%) Agile Software Development
2 3147 (78.52%) TDD
3 1920 (47.90%) Java
4 1469 (36.65%) Scrum
5 1383 (34.51%) JavaScript
6 1284 (32.04%) Test Automation
7 1142 (28.49%) Continuous Integration
8 1007 (25.12%) Git (software)
9 867 (21.63%) HTML
10 859 (21.43%) Cucumber
11 835 (20.83%) Microservices
12 823 (20.53%) C#
13 822 (20.51%) Jenkins
14 802 (20.01%) AngularJS
15 774 (19.31%) Kanban
16 770 (19.21%) Selenium
17 751 (18.74%) CSS
18 737 (18.39%) JIRA
19 724 (18.06%) .NET
20 694 (17.32%) RESTful
21 691 (17.24%) Spring
22 687 (17.14%) Web Services
23 660 (16.47%) REST
24 644 (16.07%) SQL
25 623 (15.54%) MVC
26 622 (15.52%) Finance
27 606 (15.12%) Node.js
28 598 (14.92%) DevOps
29 578 (14.42%) React
30 574 (14.32%) Amazon AWS

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 411 (10.25%) Confluence
2 188 (4.69%) Apache Spark
3 163 (4.07%) Elasticsearch
4 103 (2.57%) Tomcat
5 95 (2.37%) Apache
6 92 (2.30%) Apache Solr
7 81 (2.02%) CMS
8 75 (1.87%) JBoss
9 50 (1.25%) NServiceBus
10 49 (1.22%) WebSphere
11 41 (1.02%) Jetty
12 40 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 35 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
14 31 (0.77%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 30 (0.75%) WebLogic
16 25 (0.62%) EPiServer
17 23 (0.57%) Drupal
18 21 (0.52%) Sitecore CMS
19 20 (0.50%) nginx
20 18 (0.45%) Mule
Applications
1 17 (0.42%) Photoshop
2 16 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (0.32%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
5 9 (0.22%) InDesign
6 4 (0.100%) Mingle
7 3 (0.075%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.050%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 29 (0.72%) Payment Gateway
2 17 (0.42%) Magento
3 14 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
4 10 (0.25%) Endur
5 4 (0.100%) Eloqua
6 3 (0.075%) IntelliMatch
6 3 (0.075%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 2 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.025%) BASE24
8 1 (0.025%) Oracle Retail
8 1 (0.025%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 574 (14.32%) Amazon AWS
2 316 (7.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 176 (4.39%) GitHub
4 90 (2.25%) npm
5 61 (1.52%) PaaS
6 57 (1.42%) Amazon EC2
7 56 (1.40%) Slack
8 53 (1.32%) Serverless
9 42 (1.05%) Amazon S3
10 33 (0.82%) AWS Lambda
11 29 (0.72%) Google Cloud Platform
12 28 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
13 23 (0.57%) Amazon SQS
14 22 (0.55%) Google Analytics
15 20 (0.50%) IaaS
16 19 (0.47%) BlazeMeter
17 18 (0.45%) BrowserStack
18 16 (0.40%) Yarn
19 15 (0.37%) Sauce Labs
20 12 (0.30%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 97 (2.42%) HTTP
2 71 (1.77%) Kerberos
3 27 (0.67%) Internet
4 25 (0.62%) TCP/IP
5 22 (0.55%) SSL
6 16 (0.40%) AMQP
7 9 (0.22%) LDAP
8 6 (0.15%) Firewall
9 5 (0.12%) DNS
9 5 (0.12%) DSL
10 4 (0.100%) Bluetooth
10 4 (0.100%) Ethernet
10 4 (0.100%) SSH
10 4 (0.100%) Wi-Fi
11 3 (0.075%) PuTTY
11 3 (0.075%) WinSCP
12 2 (0.050%) FTP
12 2 (0.050%) Skype
12 2 (0.050%) SNA
12 2 (0.050%) VPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 540 (13.47%) NoSQL
2 406 (10.13%) MongoDB
3 320 (7.98%) PostgreSQL
4 319 (7.96%) SQL Server
5 314 (7.83%) Hadoop
6 312 (7.78%) Big Data
7 245 (6.11%) MySQL
8 206 (5.14%) Relational Database
9 175 (4.37%) HBase
10 137 (3.42%) Apache Cassandra
11 103 (2.57%) RDBMS
12 70 (1.75%) Apache Hive
13 67 (1.67%) Redis
14 44 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 43 (1.07%) RavenDB
16 36 (0.90%) Oracle Database
17 34 (0.85%) Impala
18 32 (0.80%) Data Warehouse
19 31 (0.77%) DB2
20 28 (0.70%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 1007 (25.12%) Git (software)
2 859 (21.43%) Cucumber
3 822 (20.51%) Jenkins
4 770 (19.21%) Selenium
5 737 (18.39%) JIRA
6 326 (8.13%) Maven
7 313 (7.81%) JUnit
8 297 (7.41%) WebDriver
9 277 (6.91%) SpecFlow
10 238 (5.94%) TeamCity
11 224 (5.59%) Mockito
12 169 (4.22%) Subversion
13 166 (4.14%) Jasmine
14 162 (4.04%) gulp
15 143 (3.57%) IntelliJ
16 141 (3.52%) Gradle
17 134 (3.34%) Grunt
18 129 (3.22%) JMeter
19 117 (2.92%) Octopus Deploy
19 117 (2.92%) webpack
General
1 622 (15.52%) Finance
2 397 (9.91%) Banking
3 186 (4.64%) Retail
4 113 (2.82%) Investment Banking
5 112 (2.79%) Telecoms
6 108 (2.69%) Marketing
7 80 (2.00%) Games
8 75 (1.87%) Publishing
9 69 (1.72%) Manufacturing
10 67 (1.67%) Electronics
11 44 (1.10%) Front Office
12 36 (0.90%) Financial Institution
13 35 (0.87%) Law
14 34 (0.85%) Advertising
15 33 (0.82%) Back Office
16 26 (0.65%) Retail Banking
17 8 (0.20%) Automotive
17 8 (0.20%) Legal
17 8 (0.20%) Prime Brokerage
18 4 (0.100%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 2516 (62.77%) Developer
2 850 (21.21%) Java Developer
3 421 (10.50%) Senior Developer
4 340 (8.48%) Analyst
5 334 (8.33%) .NET Developer
6 293 (7.31%) JavaScript Developer
7 291 (7.26%) C# Developer
8 287 (7.16%) Tester
9 246 (6.14%) Full Stack Developer
10 225 (5.61%) Agile Developer
11 218 (5.44%) Automation Tester
12 177 (4.42%) Test Analyst
13 159 (3.97%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 149 (3.72%) C# .NET Developer
15 142 (3.54%) Business Analyst
16 138 (3.44%) Senior Java Developer
17 133 (3.32%) Angular Developer
17 133 (3.32%) Test Engineer
18 131 (3.27%) Agile Java Developer
19 129 (3.22%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 867 (21.63%) HTML
2 802 (20.01%) AngularJS
3 751 (18.74%) CSS
4 724 (18.06%) .NET
5 694 (17.32%) RESTful
6 691 (17.24%) Spring
7 687 (17.14%) Web Services
8 660 (16.47%) REST
9 606 (15.12%) Node.js
10 578 (14.42%) React
11 544 (13.57%) HTML5
12 334 (8.33%) CSS3
13 321 (8.01%) Kafka
14 292 (7.29%) Hibernate
15 269 (6.71%) ASP.NET
16 267 (6.66%) Spring Boot
17 263 (6.56%) Gherkin
18 257 (6.41%) ASP.NET Web API
19 249 (6.21%) JSON
19 249 (6.21%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 293 (7.31%) Greenfield Project
2 278 (6.94%) User Experience
3 195 (4.87%) Mobile App
4 171 (4.27%) Analytical Skills
5 130 (3.24%) Enterprise Software
6 110 (2.74%) Computer Science
7 103 (2.57%) Fintech
8 87 (2.17%) Virtual Team
9 72 (1.80%) Algorithms
10 57 (1.42%) Data Structures
11 50 (1.25%) iPad
12 44 (1.10%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 43 (1.07%) Blog
14 36 (0.90%) Public Cloud
15 34 (0.85%) Management Information System
15 34 (0.85%) Video on Demand
16 33 (0.82%) Hedge funds
17 32 (0.80%) Derivative
18 30 (0.75%) Wiki
19 28 (0.70%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 383 (9.56%) Linux
2 185 (4.62%) Unix
3 179 (4.47%) Android
4 162 (4.04%) Apple iOS
5 88 (2.20%) Windows
6 42 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.55%) Mac OS X
8 11 (0.27%) CoreOS
9 10 (0.25%) Windows Server
10 9 (0.22%) Ubuntu
11 6 (0.15%) CentOS
12 5 (0.12%) Solaris
13 3 (0.075%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.050%) Debian
14 2 (0.050%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.050%) Nucleus RTOS
14 2 (0.050%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.025%) Kali Linux
15 1 (0.025%) Mesosphere
15 1 (0.025%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3245 (80.96%) Agile Software Development
2 3147 (78.52%) TDD
3 1469 (36.65%) Scrum
4 1284 (32.04%) Test Automation
5 1142 (28.49%) Continuous Integration
6 835 (20.83%) Microservices
7 774 (19.31%) Kanban
8 623 (15.54%) MVC
9 598 (14.92%) DevOps
10 518 (12.92%) Pair Programming
11 497 (12.40%) Software Engineering
12 417 (10.40%) User Stories
13 404 (10.08%) OO
14 387 (9.66%) E-Commerce
15 361 (9.01%) Unit Testing
16 340 (8.48%) Continuous Delivery
17 322 (8.03%) Open Source
18 304 (7.58%) SDLC
19 264 (6.59%) Front End Development
20 263 (6.56%) Acceptance Criteria
Programming Languages
1 1920 (47.90%) Java
2 1383 (34.51%) JavaScript
3 823 (20.53%) C#
4 644 (16.07%) SQL
5 355 (8.86%) Python
6 308 (7.68%) Scala
7 265 (6.61%) Ruby
8 190 (4.74%) ES6
9 143 (3.57%) Groovy
10 104 (2.59%) TypeScript
11 93 (2.32%) Apple Swift
12 85 (2.12%) PHP
13 79 (1.97%) T-SQL
14 78 (1.95%) Objective-C
15 71 (1.77%) Shell Script
16 63 (1.57%) Bash Shell
17 50 (1.25%) PL/SQL
18 46 (1.15%) Go
19 42 (1.05%) C++
20 34 (0.85%) ECMAScript
Qualifications
1 227 (5.66%) Security Cleared
2 192 (4.79%) Degree
3 156 (3.89%) SC Cleared
4 89 (2.22%) Computer Science Degree
5 83 (2.07%) ISEB
6 81 (2.02%) ISTQB
7 31 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
8 24 (0.60%) Master's Degree
9 17 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 17 (0.42%) PMI Certification
10 16 (0.40%) DV Cleared
11 14 (0.35%) PMP
12 13 (0.32%) CTC Cleared
13 11 (0.27%) DBS Check
14 6 (0.15%) ISEB Practitioner
15 3 (0.075%) BC Cleared
15 3 (0.075%) CISSP
15 3 (0.075%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.075%) PhD
15 3 (0.075%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 482 (12.03%) QA
2 20 (0.50%) WCAG
3 16 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
4 14 (0.35%) Data Quality
5 13 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.25%) MiFID
7 6 (0.15%) WAI
8 5 (0.12%) SLA
9 3 (0.075%) GCP
9 3 (0.075%) PSD2
10 2 (0.050%) Dodd-Frank
10 2 (0.050%) EMIR
11 1 (0.025%) GDPR
11 1 (0.025%) ISO 14001
11 1 (0.025%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.025%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.025%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.025%) PCI DSS
11 1 (0.025%) PMO
11 1 (0.025%) SEPA
System Software
1 505 (12.60%) Docker
2 107 (2.67%) HDFS
3 78 (1.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 21 (0.52%) Apache Flume
5 19 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
6 13 (0.32%) Active Directory
7 10 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.22%) vSphere
9 3 (0.075%) Varnish
10 1 (0.025%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 204 (5.09%) Ansible
2 191 (4.77%) Kubernetes
3 120 (2.99%) Puppet
4 111 (2.77%) Opscode Chef
5 91 (2.27%) Terraform
6 77 (1.92%) Kibana
7 65 (1.62%) Grafana
8 57 (1.42%) logstash
9 33 (0.82%) Cobbler
10 26 (0.65%) Hadoop YARN
11 25 (0.62%) HP Quality Center
12 23 (0.57%) Oozie
13 12 (0.30%) Prometheus
14 11 (0.27%) Control-M
15 10 (0.25%) Nagios
16 9 (0.22%) ITRS Geneos
17 8 (0.20%) ZABBIX
18 7 (0.17%) CA Service Virtualization
18 7 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
18 7 (0.17%) Mesos
Vendors
1 245 (6.11%) Microsoft
2 214 (5.34%) Oracle
3 111 (2.77%) Splunk
4 75 (1.87%) Google
5 74 (1.85%) AppDynamics
6 69 (1.72%) SAP
7 67 (1.67%) Atlassian
8 54 (1.35%) HP
9 53 (1.32%) New Relic
9 53 (1.32%) Salesforce.com
10 52 (1.30%) IBM
11 47 (1.17%) Xamarin
12 43 (1.07%) hybris
13 42 (1.05%) Adobe
14 41 (1.02%) Apple
15 39 (0.97%) Red Hat
16 38 (0.95%) Sitecore
17 29 (0.72%) Cloudera
18 28 (0.70%) ATG
19 27 (0.67%) VMware