The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 3 months to 25 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
3 months to
25 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 60 68 87
Rank change year-on-year +8 +19  
Contract jobs citing BDD 1583 1615 1374
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.42% 3.04% 2.45%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.05% 3.65% 3.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 1155 1312 1094
Median daily rate £463 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.77% +12.50%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £331 £325
10% offered a daily rate of more than £588 £575 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £425 £375
% change year-on-year -5.88% +13.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 2 0
Median hourly rate £47.50 £40.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.28% -  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £40.50 -
% change year-on-year +17.28% -  

BDD is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 39103 44215 45229
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 84.49% 83.33% 80.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 25496 29340 29026
Median daily rate £450 £438 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.85% +6.06%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +3.75% +5.26%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1041 1070 1262
Median hourly rate £32.50 £27.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.18% -  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £12.58 £12.35
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.00 £48.70 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.00 £28.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +19.29% -5.00%  

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing BDD as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 3 months to 25 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 1502 £475 +3.26% 557
London -4 929 £500 +5.26% 295
South East +47 221 £415 -2.35% 76
City of London -10 160 £500 - 49
Yorkshire +14 99 £425 -3.40% 36
West Yorkshire +4 69 £425 -5.55% 26
Leeds -3 68 £425 -10.52% 21
North West -8 63 £425 -8.10% 49
Oxfordshire +31 60 £425 -10.52% 5
South West +19 59 £378 -5.62% 25
East of England +8 53 £450 - 29
Scotland +24 51 £375 - 23
Berkshire +33 48 £431 +19.79% 15
West Midlands +24 35 £355 -5.26% 27
Croydon +7 35 £525 +16.66% 5
Buckinghamshire +16 32 £390 -13.33% 9
Oxford +14 30 £475 - 2
Merseyside +23 29 £450 - 3
Milton Keynes +15 29 £388 -13.88% 5
Hampshire +2 29 £360 -0.68% 15
Tyne and Wear +55 28 £370 -7.50% 5
North East +47 28 £370 -7.50% 5
Newcastle upon Tyne +61 27 £370 -7.50% 4
South Yorkshire +19 25 £450 +9.09% 4
Edinburgh -17 24 £375 - 5
East Sussex -5 23 £440 -2.22% 3
Reading +13 22 £440 +22.22% 5
Sheffield +20 21 £450 +9.09% 4
Manchester -29 21 £375 - 29
Glasgow +15 20 £419 +11.66% 15

For the 6 months to 25 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 2637 (84.38%) Agile Software Development
2 2442 (78.14%) TDD
3 1433 (45.86%) Java
4 1146 (36.67%) JavaScript
5 1145 (36.64%) Scrum
6 1011 (32.35%) Test Automation
7 775 (24.80%) Continuous Integration
8 747 (23.90%) HTML
9 713 (22.82%) AngularJS
10 705 (22.56%) CSS
11 686 (21.95%) Git (software)
12 647 (20.70%) Selenium
13 629 (20.13%) C#
14 622 (19.90%) Cucumber
15 594 (19.01%) Jenkins
16 584 (18.69%) .NET
17 557 (17.82%) Kanban
18 542 (17.34%) Microservices
19 521 (16.67%) Web Services
20 507 (16.22%) DevOps
21 502 (16.06%) Node.js
22 486 (15.55%) Spring
23 478 (15.30%) REST
24 475 (15.20%) MVC
25 472 (15.10%) React
26 467 (14.94%) JIRA
27 458 (14.66%) SQL
28 444 (14.21%) RESTful
29 442 (14.14%) Finance
30 428 (13.70%) HTML5

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 225 (7.20%) Confluence
2 120 (3.84%) Elasticsearch
3 102 (3.26%) Apache Spark
4 72 (2.30%) Apache
4 72 (2.30%) CMS
5 56 (1.79%) Tomcat
6 42 (1.34%) WebSphere
7 32 (1.02%) WebLogic
8 30 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
8 30 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 27 (0.86%) Sitecore CMS
10 26 (0.83%) NServiceBus
11 24 (0.77%) Mule
12 23 (0.74%) Apache Solr
13 22 (0.70%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 20 (0.64%) JBoss
14 20 (0.64%) SharePoint
15 18 (0.58%) Drupal
16 17 (0.54%) IIS
17 13 (0.42%) EPiServer
Applications
1 21 (0.67%) Photoshop
2 18 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (0.54%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
6 4 (0.13%) InDesign
6 4 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.032%) GIMP
8 1 (0.032%) HipChat
8 1 (0.032%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 44 (1.41%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 28 (0.90%) Payment Gateway
3 21 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
4 14 (0.45%) Magento
5 8 (0.26%) Endur
6 4 (0.13%) Eloqua
6 4 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
7 3 (0.096%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.096%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.064%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.032%) Actimize
9 1 (0.032%) BASE24
9 1 (0.032%) CODA-Financials
9 1 (0.032%) SAP Business One
9 1 (0.032%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 340 (10.88%) Amazon AWS
2 215 (6.88%) Microsoft Azure
3 131 (4.19%) GitHub
4 55 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
5 43 (1.38%) PaaS
6 39 (1.25%) AWS Lambda
7 29 (0.93%) Amazon S3
8 20 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
9 19 (0.61%) Slack
10 16 (0.51%) Bluemix
10 16 (0.51%) IBM Cloud
10 16 (0.51%) SaaS
11 15 (0.48%) Sauce Labs
12 14 (0.45%) BrowserStack
13 12 (0.38%) AWS CloudFormation
13 12 (0.38%) Cloud Computing
14 10 (0.32%) Google Cloud Platform
14 10 (0.32%) IaaS
15 8 (0.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 8 (0.26%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 79 (2.53%) HTTP
2 31 (0.99%) Internet
3 16 (0.51%) LDAP
3 16 (0.51%) PuTTY
3 16 (0.51%) WinSCP
4 12 (0.38%) Kerberos
5 9 (0.29%) AMQP
6 8 (0.26%) TCP/IP
7 7 (0.22%) Intranet
8 5 (0.16%) Firewall
9 4 (0.13%) DNS
9 4 (0.13%) Ethernet
9 4 (0.13%) HTTPS
9 4 (0.13%) Skype
9 4 (0.13%) X.509
10 2 (0.064%) IMAP
10 2 (0.064%) OpenLDAP
10 2 (0.064%) SNA
10 2 (0.064%) SSL
11 1 (0.032%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 352 (11.26%) NoSQL
2 305 (9.76%) MongoDB
3 278 (8.90%) SQL Server
4 186 (5.95%) MySQL
5 169 (5.41%) Relational Database
6 167 (5.34%) PostgreSQL
7 155 (4.96%) Hadoop
8 145 (4.64%) Big Data
9 98 (3.14%) Apache Cassandra
10 70 (2.24%) RDBMS
11 60 (1.92%) HBase
12 57 (1.82%) Oracle Database
13 50 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 39 (1.25%) Redis
15 36 (1.15%) SQL Server 2012
16 31 (0.99%) RavenDB
17 29 (0.93%) SQL Server 2008
18 26 (0.83%) DB2
19 22 (0.70%) Oracle Database 10g
19 22 (0.70%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 686 (21.95%) Git (software)
2 647 (20.70%) Selenium
3 622 (19.90%) Cucumber
4 594 (19.01%) Jenkins
5 467 (14.94%) JIRA
6 321 (10.27%) WebDriver
7 238 (7.62%) SpecFlow
8 226 (7.23%) JUnit
9 214 (6.85%) Maven
10 207 (6.62%) TeamCity
11 163 (5.22%) Subversion
12 152 (4.86%) Jasmine
13 143 (4.58%) Mockito
13 143 (4.58%) Team Foundation Server
14 127 (4.06%) gulp
15 117 (3.74%) Gradle
16 109 (3.49%) Octopus Deploy
17 103 (3.30%) Mocha
18 102 (3.26%) Grunt
19 99 (3.17%) IntelliJ
General
1 442 (14.14%) Finance
2 218 (6.98%) Banking
3 166 (5.31%) Retail
4 89 (2.85%) Games
5 87 (2.78%) Marketing
6 59 (1.89%) Investment Banking
7 57 (1.82%) Telecoms
8 47 (1.50%) Manufacturing
9 44 (1.41%) Electronics
10 32 (1.02%) Front Office
11 31 (0.99%) Publishing
12 25 (0.80%) Advertising
13 24 (0.77%) Back Office
14 19 (0.61%) Retail Banking
15 16 (0.51%) Financial Institution
16 8 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
16 8 (0.26%) Legal
17 7 (0.22%) Automotive
18 6 (0.19%) Law
19 5 (0.16%) Digital Economy
Job Titles
1 1931 (61.79%) Developer
2 612 (19.58%) Java Developer
3 335 (10.72%) Senior Developer
4 261 (8.35%) Analyst
5 248 (7.94%) .NET Developer
6 246 (7.87%) Tester
7 223 (7.14%) Agile Developer
8 220 (7.04%) JavaScript Developer
9 199 (6.37%) Automation Tester
10 191 (6.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 188 (6.02%) Full Stack Developer
12 179 (5.73%) C# Developer
13 136 (4.35%) Angular Developer
14 135 (4.32%) Senior Java Developer
15 129 (4.13%) Agile Java Developer
15 129 (4.13%) Business Analyst
16 121 (3.87%) Test Analyst
17 116 (3.71%) Test Engineer
18 104 (3.33%) Node.js Developer
19 101 (3.23%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 747 (23.90%) HTML
2 713 (22.82%) AngularJS
3 705 (22.56%) CSS
4 584 (18.69%) .NET
5 521 (16.67%) Web Services
6 502 (16.06%) Node.js
7 486 (15.55%) Spring
8 478 (15.30%) REST
9 472 (15.10%) React
10 444 (14.21%) RESTful
11 428 (13.70%) HTML5
12 284 (9.09%) CSS3
13 268 (8.58%) ASP.NET
14 241 (7.71%) jQuery
15 228 (7.30%) XML
16 218 (6.98%) Gherkin
17 202 (6.46%) JSON
18 193 (6.18%) SOAP
19 181 (5.79%) Hibernate
20 180 (5.76%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 288 (9.22%) Greenfield Project
2 210 (6.72%) User Experience
3 141 (4.51%) Analytical Skills
3 141 (4.51%) Mobile App
4 88 (2.82%) Fintech
5 74 (2.37%) Computer Science
6 69 (2.21%) Enterprise Software
7 51 (1.63%) Public Cloud
8 36 (1.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 35 (1.12%) iPad
10 34 (1.09%) Algorithms
10 34 (1.09%) Virtual Team
11 31 (0.99%) Blog
12 27 (0.86%) Data Structures
13 26 (0.83%) Derivative
14 20 (0.64%) Equities
15 19 (0.61%) Cloud Native
16 18 (0.58%) Social Media
17 17 (0.54%) Hedge funds
17 17 (0.54%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 315 (10.08%) Linux
2 143 (4.58%) Unix
3 111 (3.55%) Android
4 100 (3.20%) Apple iOS
4 100 (3.20%) Windows
5 40 (1.28%) Mac OS X
6 36 (1.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 21 (0.67%) Windows Server
8 16 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
9 8 (0.26%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.13%) CoreOS
11 3 (0.096%) CentOS
11 3 (0.096%) Solaris
12 2 (0.064%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.064%) SUSE
12 2 (0.064%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.064%) Windows Server 2008
13 1 (0.032%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.032%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 2637 (84.38%) Agile Software Development
2 2442 (78.14%) TDD
3 1145 (36.64%) Scrum
4 1011 (32.35%) Test Automation
5 775 (24.80%) Continuous Integration
6 557 (17.82%) Kanban
7 542 (17.34%) Microservices
8 507 (16.22%) DevOps
9 475 (15.20%) MVC
10 395 (12.64%) OO
11 351 (11.23%) Software Engineering
12 344 (11.01%) E-Commerce
13 301 (9.63%) Front End Development
14 298 (9.54%) User Stories
15 281 (8.99%) Pair Programming
16 263 (8.42%) Continuous Delivery
17 243 (7.78%) Web Development
18 240 (7.68%) Unit Testing
19 217 (6.94%) Open Source
19 217 (6.94%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1433 (45.86%) Java
2 1146 (36.67%) JavaScript
3 629 (20.13%) C#
4 458 (14.66%) SQL
5 286 (9.15%) Python
6 285 (9.12%) Scala
7 262 (8.38%) Ruby
8 124 (3.97%) Groovy
9 93 (2.98%) PHP
10 87 (2.78%) ES6
11 61 (1.95%) C++
12 60 (1.92%) Shell Script
13 52 (1.66%) T-SQL
14 49 (1.57%) Bash Shell
15 47 (1.50%) Go
15 47 (1.50%) TypeScript
16 44 (1.41%) PL/SQL
17 34 (1.09%) Objective-C
18 33 (1.06%) Apple Swift
19 31 (0.99%) C
Qualifications
1 188 (6.02%) Security Cleared
2 135 (4.32%) Degree
3 131 (4.19%) SC Cleared
4 93 (2.98%) ISEB
5 65 (2.08%) ISTQB
6 30 (0.96%) Computer Science Degree
7 27 (0.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 24 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
9 17 (0.54%) DV Cleared
10 11 (0.35%) BC Cleared
10 11 (0.35%) ISEB Practitioner
11 8 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
12 7 (0.22%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.19%) Master's Degree
14 4 (0.13%) PMI Certification
15 3 (0.096%) HNC
15 3 (0.096%) Sun Certification
16 2 (0.064%) AWS Certification
16 2 (0.064%) PhD
16 2 (0.064%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 400 (12.80%) QA
2 29 (0.93%) Disclosure Scotland
3 14 (0.45%) WAI
4 13 (0.42%) Data Quality
5 12 (0.38%) MiFID
6 9 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 9 (0.29%) SLA
7 8 (0.26%) WCAG
8 7 (0.22%) FATCA
9 2 (0.064%) IFRS
9 2 (0.064%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.032%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.032%) EMIR
System Software
1 270 (8.64%) Docker
2 21 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 21 (0.67%) HDFS
3 19 (0.61%) vSphere
4 11 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
5 10 (0.32%) Active Directory
6 9 (0.29%) VMware Infrastructure
7 7 (0.22%) Apache Flume
7 7 (0.22%) Varnish
8 6 (0.19%) Terminal Services
9 1 (0.032%) Dovecot
9 1 (0.032%) iptables
9 1 (0.032%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 93 (2.98%) Kubernetes
2 75 (2.40%) Puppet
3 70 (2.24%) Ansible
4 60 (1.92%) Opscode Chef
5 24 (0.77%) Grafana
6 23 (0.74%) logstash
7 22 (0.70%) Kibana
7 22 (0.70%) Terraform
8 18 (0.58%) Graphite
9 16 (0.51%) Hadoop YARN
9 16 (0.51%) Nagios
9 16 (0.51%) vRealize
10 11 (0.35%) Mesos
11 10 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
11 10 (0.32%) ZABBIX
12 9 (0.29%) HP Fortify
13 8 (0.26%) Control-M
13 8 (0.26%) HP SiteScope
14 7 (0.22%) Consul
14 7 (0.22%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 206 (6.59%) Oracle
2 200 (6.40%) Microsoft
3 59 (1.89%) Sitecore
4 56 (1.79%) SAP
5 54 (1.73%) Splunk
6 50 (1.60%) HP
7 43 (1.38%) IBM
7 43 (1.38%) Red Hat
8 41 (1.31%) Google
9 39 (1.25%) New Relic
10 38 (1.22%) Atlassian
11 36 (1.15%) Xamarin
12 27 (0.86%) hybris
12 27 (0.86%) VMware
13 26 (0.83%) Adobe
13 26 (0.83%) ATG
14 20 (0.64%) AppDynamics
15 19 (0.61%) Cloudera
16 15 (0.48%) Sencha
16 15 (0.48%) Sybase
Reading, Berkshire
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £550 - £575 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Macclesfield, Cheshire
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Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Greater Manchester
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Rate: Day rate £330-£350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
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Rate: From £400 to £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey
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Rate: £330 - £370 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Telford, Shropshire
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Rate: £450 - £550 per day
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Rate: £500 - £550 per day
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Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
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Glasgow, Lanarkshire
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Rate: Up to £250 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £475 - £500 per day
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Leeds, West Yorkshire
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £400.00 - £440.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Scotland
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
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Rate: £550 - £650 per day
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West Midlands
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Southampton, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: 3 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
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Rate: £550 - £600 per day
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Reigate, Surrey
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £25000 - £27000 per annum + Pro rata 6 month fixed term
Posted: Yesterday
London
Testing Circle Ltd
Rate: £0.00 per annum
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Manchester, Lancashire
Spring Technology
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London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
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Cardiff, South Glamorgan
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London
Vertus Partners
Rate: £650 - £700 per day
Posted: Yesterday
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London
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Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
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Rate: £400 - £450 per day
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