The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 3 months to 23 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
23 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
Rank 62 66 106
Rank change year-on-year +4 +40  
Contract jobs citing BDD 1493 1541 1047
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.34% 2.92% 2.00%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.02% 3.52% 2.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 1135 1227 774
Median daily rate £463 £450 £411
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.77% +9.42%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £327 £325 £315
10% offered a daily rate of more than £588 £575 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 0
Median hourly rate £47.94 £47.25 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.44% -  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.87 £47.25 -
% change year-on-year -2.92% -  

BDD is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 37155 43761 41746
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 83.08% 82.85% 79.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 24488 28705 25865
Median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £399
% change year-on-year +2.50% +0.29%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 940 1103 1195
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.66% +36.36%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £13.00 £12.10
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.00 £55.00 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £39.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year -7.69% +30.00%  

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing BDD as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 3 months to 23 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing BDD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 3 months to 23 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 3 months to 23 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 1415 £475 +5.55% 566
London -2 824 £497 -0.60% 279
City of London +3 176 £500 - 69
South East -2 132 £450 +12.50% 75
South West +14 83 £325 -18.75% 46
East of England +35 82 £500 +29.03% 38
Yorkshire +6 81 £420 +23.52% 36
North West -3 81 £425 +9.67% 47
West Midlands +54 65 £445 -1.16% 17
Manchester -1 52 £400 -3.03% 32
West Yorkshire -5 52 £413 +17.85% 21
Scotland +38 50 £450 +16.12% 15
Leeds -10 40 £405 +8.00% 18
Edinburgh +23 37 £450 +24.13% 8
Berkshire +46 36 £450 +13.56% 14
Hertfordshire +20 33 £538 +7.50% 16
East Midlands +21 31 £415 -7.77% 16
North East +7 30 £479 +27.66% 12
Sheffield +20 29 £425 +30.76% 3
South Yorkshire +15 29 £425 +30.76% 7
Newcastle upon Tyne +8 27 £479 +27.66% 11
Tyne and Wear -2 27 £486 +29.66% 12
Hampshire -15 27 £481 +13.23% 10
Bristol +11 24 £325 -13.33% 15
Swindon +17 23 £355 -2.73% 3
Wiltshire +15 23 £355 -2.73% 3
Essex +10 23 £495 +42.44% 5
Surrey +15 21 £450 +9.09% 19
Somerset +14 21 £278 -44.45% 5
Birmingham +15 20 £463 +5.71% 3

BDD
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 23 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 2842 (85.76%) Agile Software Development
2 2614 (78.88%) TDD
3 1668 (50.33%) Java
4 1299 (39.20%) Scrum
5 1136 (34.28%) JavaScript
6 792 (23.90%) HTML
7 749 (22.60%) Selenium
8 726 (21.91%) Continuous Integration
9 700 (21.12%) CSS
10 671 (20.25%) AngularJS
11 668 (20.16%) Cucumber
12 665 (20.07%) C#
13 659 (19.89%) Git (software)
14 624 (18.83%) Web Services
15 612 (18.47%) Kanban
16 586 (17.68%) .NET
17 568 (17.14%) Jenkins
18 552 (16.66%) SQL
19 528 (15.93%) REST
20 524 (15.81%) Spring
21 515 (15.54%) JIRA
22 508 (15.33%) Node.js
23 485 (14.63%) DevOps
24 484 (14.60%) Finance
25 474 (14.30%) RESTful
26 467 (14.09%) Test Automation
27 459 (13.85%) QA
28 451 (13.61%) HTML5
29 442 (13.34%) MVC
30 422 (12.73%) Microservices

BDD
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 208 (6.28%) Confluence
2 114 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
3 102 (3.08%) Apache Spark
4 81 (2.44%) Tomcat
5 59 (1.78%) Apache
6 57 (1.72%) CMS
7 45 (1.36%) WebLogic
8 37 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 35 (1.06%) WebSphere
10 30 (0.91%) Sitecore CMS
11 27 (0.81%) Cloud Foundry
12 24 (0.72%) JBoss
13 22 (0.66%) Drupal
14 20 (0.60%) Mule
14 20 (0.60%) SharePoint
15 18 (0.54%) OpenStack
16 17 (0.51%) GeoServer
17 15 (0.45%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 14 (0.42%) IIS
18 14 (0.42%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 77 (2.32%) MS Excel
2 19 (0.57%) MS Office
3 12 (0.36%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.30%) Photoshop
5 7 (0.21%) MS Project
6 5 (0.15%) MS PowerPoint
7 3 (0.091%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.030%) GIMP
8 1 (0.030%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 35 (1.06%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 30 (0.91%) Dynamics CRM
3 23 (0.69%) Payment Gateway
4 9 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
5 7 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
5 7 (0.21%) Endur
6 5 (0.15%) Magento
7 3 (0.091%) Oracle BPM
7 3 (0.091%) SAP Business One
8 2 (0.060%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.030%) CODA-Financials
9 1 (0.030%) FLEXCUBE
9 1 (0.030%) SAP Hybris
9 1 (0.030%) Temenos T24
9 1 (0.030%) Unit4 Business World
9 1 (0.030%) VisionPLUS
Cloud Services
1 351 (10.59%) Amazon AWS
2 223 (6.73%) Microsoft Azure
3 127 (3.83%) GitHub
4 71 (2.14%) PaaS
5 52 (1.57%) Amazon EC2
6 47 (1.42%) SaaS
7 34 (1.03%) IaaS
8 27 (0.81%) Heroku
9 23 (0.69%) Slack
10 21 (0.63%) Amazon SQS
11 19 (0.57%) Cloud Computing
12 17 (0.51%) AWS Lambda
12 17 (0.51%) Google Cloud Platform
13 16 (0.48%) Amazon S3
14 13 (0.39%) OpenShift
15 11 (0.33%) AWS CloudFormation
15 11 (0.33%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 10 (0.30%) Amazon EMR
17 8 (0.24%) CloudBees
18 6 (0.18%) Bluemix
Communications & Networking
1 146 (4.41%) HTTP
2 45 (1.36%) Internet
3 18 (0.54%) AMQP
4 12 (0.36%) LDAP
5 10 (0.30%) Intranet
5 10 (0.30%) TCP/IP
6 9 (0.27%) PuTTY
6 9 (0.27%) WinSCP
7 8 (0.24%) MQTT
8 7 (0.21%) RTSP
9 6 (0.18%) DNS
10 5 (0.15%) VPN
11 4 (0.12%) Ethernet
11 4 (0.12%) IMAP
11 4 (0.12%) SSH
12 3 (0.091%) DMZ
12 3 (0.091%) Firewall
12 3 (0.091%) SNMP
13 2 (0.060%) POP3
13 2 (0.060%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 317 (9.57%) NoSQL
2 281 (8.48%) MongoDB
3 234 (7.06%) SQL Server
4 165 (4.98%) Relational Database
5 137 (4.13%) Big Data
6 136 (4.10%) PostgreSQL
7 125 (3.77%) MySQL
8 121 (3.65%) Hadoop
9 115 (3.47%) Apache Cassandra
10 47 (1.42%) HBase
11 40 (1.21%) SQL Server 2012
12 36 (1.09%) RDBMS
13 34 (1.03%) Oracle Database
14 33 (1.00%) Redis
15 31 (0.94%) Neo4j
16 30 (0.91%) Azure SQL Database
17 29 (0.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 21 (0.63%) SQL Server 2014
19 20 (0.60%) GIS
20 19 (0.57%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 749 (22.60%) Selenium
2 668 (20.16%) Cucumber
3 659 (19.89%) Git (software)
4 568 (17.14%) Jenkins
5 515 (15.54%) JIRA
6 370 (11.16%) WebDriver
7 287 (8.66%) Maven
8 262 (7.91%) JUnit
9 208 (6.28%) SpecFlow
10 176 (5.31%) Mockito
11 166 (5.01%) TeamCity
12 157 (4.74%) Subversion
13 154 (4.65%) Team Foundation Server
14 147 (4.44%) Gradle
15 135 (4.07%) Jasmine
16 120 (3.62%) SoapUI
17 97 (2.93%) Grunt
18 86 (2.60%) gulp
19 80 (2.41%) JBehave
20 77 (2.32%) JMeter
General
1 484 (14.60%) Finance
2 219 (6.61%) Banking
3 148 (4.47%) Retail
4 92 (2.78%) Marketing
5 82 (2.47%) Games
6 61 (1.84%) Telecoms
7 52 (1.57%) Investment Banking
8 40 (1.21%) Publishing
9 36 (1.09%) Manufacturing
10 35 (1.06%) Electronics
11 34 (1.03%) Back Office
12 33 (1.00%) Advertising
13 32 (0.97%) Front Office
14 21 (0.63%) Financial Institution
15 18 (0.54%) Retail Banking
16 12 (0.36%) Legal
17 11 (0.33%) Automotive
18 5 (0.15%) German Language
18 5 (0.15%) Pharmaceutical
19 4 (0.12%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1960 (59.14%) Developer
2 728 (21.97%) Java Developer
3 357 (10.77%) Senior Developer
4 277 (8.36%) Agile Developer
5 270 (8.15%) Analyst
6 269 (8.12%) Tester
7 242 (7.30%) JavaScript Developer
8 237 (7.15%) .NET Developer
9 206 (6.22%) Automation Tester
10 193 (5.82%) C# Developer
11 186 (5.61%) Senior Java Developer
12 185 (5.58%) Agile Java Developer
13 157 (4.74%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 155 (4.68%) Test Analyst
15 146 (4.41%) Test Engineer
16 143 (4.32%) Angular Developer
16 143 (4.32%) Full Stack Developer
17 134 (4.04%) Scala Developer
18 122 (3.68%) Software Engineer
19 117 (3.53%) Developer in Test
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 792 (23.90%) HTML
2 700 (21.12%) CSS
3 671 (20.25%) AngularJS
4 624 (18.83%) Web Services
5 586 (17.68%) .NET
6 528 (15.93%) REST
7 524 (15.81%) Spring
8 508 (15.33%) Node.js
9 474 (14.30%) RESTful
10 451 (13.61%) HTML5
11 381 (11.50%) React
12 313 (9.44%) CSS3
13 282 (8.51%) ASP.NET
14 270 (8.15%) XML
15 256 (7.72%) Gherkin
16 239 (7.21%) jQuery
17 236 (7.12%) JSON
18 230 (6.94%) SOAP
19 198 (5.97%) Hibernate
20 181 (5.46%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 203 (6.13%) User Experience
2 111 (3.35%) Mobile App
3 101 (3.05%) Analytical Skills
4 77 (2.32%) Fintech
5 76 (2.29%) Computer Science
6 65 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
7 46 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 44 (1.33%) Virtual Team
9 40 (1.21%) Public Cloud
10 35 (1.06%) iPad
11 29 (0.88%) Data Structures
12 28 (0.84%) Algorithms
13 23 (0.69%) Blog
13 23 (0.69%) Social Media
14 20 (0.60%) Derivative
15 18 (0.54%) Wiki
16 16 (0.48%) Equities
16 16 (0.48%) Online Games
17 14 (0.42%) Credit Risk
17 14 (0.42%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 353 (10.65%) Linux
2 159 (4.80%) Unix
3 129 (3.89%) Android
4 118 (3.56%) Apple iOS
5 70 (2.11%) Windows
6 41 (1.24%) Mac OS X
7 26 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.39%) Windows Server
9 9 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.21%) CoreOS
11 6 (0.18%) Ubuntu
12 3 (0.091%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.060%) Solaris
13 2 (0.060%) Windows Server 2008
13 2 (0.060%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2842 (85.76%) Agile Software Development
2 2614 (78.88%) TDD
3 1299 (39.20%) Scrum
4 726 (21.91%) Continuous Integration
5 612 (18.47%) Kanban
6 485 (14.63%) DevOps
7 467 (14.09%) Test Automation
8 442 (13.34%) MVC
9 422 (12.73%) Microservices
10 404 (12.19%) Software Engineering
11 377 (11.38%) OO
12 358 (10.80%) E-Commerce
13 261 (7.88%) Open Source
14 255 (7.69%) Pair Programming
15 251 (7.57%) Web Development
16 250 (7.54%) Front End Development
17 241 (7.27%) Continuous Delivery
18 240 (7.24%) Automated Testing
19 221 (6.67%) User Stories
20 219 (6.61%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1668 (50.33%) Java
2 1136 (34.28%) JavaScript
3 665 (20.07%) C#
4 552 (16.66%) SQL
5 372 (11.23%) Scala
6 327 (9.87%) Python
7 322 (9.72%) Ruby
8 115 (3.47%) PHP
9 103 (3.11%) Groovy
10 78 (2.35%) ES6
11 71 (2.14%) C++
12 66 (1.99%) Shell Script
13 44 (1.33%) Go
14 42 (1.27%) C
14 42 (1.27%) PL/SQL
15 36 (1.09%) Clojure
15 36 (1.09%) F#
16 34 (1.03%) Objective-C
16 34 (1.03%) T-SQL
17 32 (0.97%) Korn
Qualifications
1 159 (4.80%) Security Cleared
2 149 (4.50%) Degree
3 114 (3.44%) ISEB
4 100 (3.02%) SC Cleared
5 68 (2.05%) ISTQB
6 32 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
7 25 (0.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 13 (0.39%) BC Cleared
9 12 (0.36%) DV Cleared
10 10 (0.30%) Sun Certification
11 6 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
12 4 (0.12%) PMI Certification
13 3 (0.091%) DBS Check
13 3 (0.091%) PhD
14 2 (0.060%) CTC Cleared
14 2 (0.060%) HNC
14 2 (0.060%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 459 (13.85%) QA
2 85 (2.56%) SDET
3 37 (1.12%) Disclosure Scotland
4 22 (0.66%) FATCA
5 18 (0.54%) Data Quality
6 17 (0.51%) WAI
7 10 (0.30%) SLA
8 9 (0.27%) WCAG
9 5 (0.15%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.091%) MiFID
11 1 (0.030%) IFRS
11 1 (0.030%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 267 (8.06%) Docker
2 21 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
3 18 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (0.42%) Active Directory
5 13 (0.39%) HDFS
6 11 (0.33%) vSphere
7 5 (0.15%) Varnish
7 5 (0.15%) VirtualBox
8 4 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.12%) Terminal Services
9 3 (0.091%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.091%) Shibboleth
10 2 (0.060%) Dovecot
Systems Management
1 105 (3.17%) Puppet
2 91 (2.75%) Opscode Chef
3 85 (2.56%) Ansible
4 24 (0.72%) Kubernetes
5 19 (0.57%) Kibana
6 18 (0.54%) logstash
7 13 (0.39%) Grafana
7 13 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
7 13 (0.39%) Nagios
8 11 (0.33%) rkt
9 9 (0.27%) vRealize
10 8 (0.24%) Salt
11 6 (0.18%) ZABBIX
12 5 (0.15%) Capistrano
12 5 (0.15%) HP Fortify
13 4 (0.12%) Hadoop YARN
13 4 (0.12%) Mesos
13 4 (0.12%) Rancher
13 4 (0.12%) Terraform
14 3 (0.091%) Graphite
Vendors
1 231 (6.97%) Microsoft
2 186 (5.61%) Oracle
3 68 (2.05%) Sitecore
4 62 (1.87%) Google
5 52 (1.57%) Atlassian
5 52 (1.57%) SAP
6 50 (1.51%) Splunk
7 37 (1.12%) HP
7 37 (1.12%) MuleSoft
8 35 (1.06%) Red Hat
9 32 (0.97%) Solace
10 30 (0.91%) VMware
11 28 (0.84%) IBM
12 25 (0.75%) Xamarin
13 24 (0.72%) ATG
14 20 (0.60%) hybris
14 20 (0.60%) New Relic
15 17 (0.51%) ESRI
16 16 (0.48%) Hortonworks
17 15 (0.45%) Adobe
Edinburgh, Midlothian
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £500 per day + Negotiable
Posted: 2 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
City, London
Michael Bailey Associates
Rate: market rates
Posted: 3 hours ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450 - £600 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Talent International
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £475 - £510 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Salford, Lancashire
Reed Professional Services
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Opus Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £475 - £550 per day + 6 Month Contract
Posted: Yesterday
London
Ventula Consulting Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Total Recruitment Specialists Limited / TRG / Total recruitment group
Rate: £400 - £450 Per Day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South East London
Energon People
Rate: £450 - £600 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £320 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £625 - £700 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Testing Circle Ltd
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Stafford-Sharp Associates
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South West London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Swindon, Wiltshire
Engage PSG
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Thame, Oxfordshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Rullion
Rate: £440 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Hounslow, Middlesex
Intrinsic Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Market rates + Bonus & Benefits
Posted: 3 days ago