Period
to 19 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 48 51 68
Rank change year-on-year +3 +17 +20
Contract jobs citing BDD 4,211 3,839 3,272
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.20% 3.96% 3.02%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.97% 4.73% 3.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,350 2,951 2,648
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +6.06%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 19 5
UK median hourly rate £33.00 £45.87 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -28.06% +22.32% -
10th Percentile £31.80 £31.65 £27.05
90th Percentile £47.10 £51.50 £38.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.00 £41.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year -20.96% +11.33% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,690 81,227 89,293
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.51% 83.82% 82.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,719 53,809 57,908
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,968 2,254 2,719
UK median hourly rate £23.44 £24.50 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.34% +4.26% +17.50%
10th Percentile £11.32 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year -2.04% -2.00% +24.22%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 19 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 19 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 4,027 £475 +3.77% 963
London +6 2,605 £500 +2.04% 448
UK excluding London -4 1,594 £425 - 555
South East +12 465 £450 +3.99% 145
North of England +1 465 £425 -3.19% 168
Midlands +20 230 £438 +2.94% 78
Yorkshire +17 227 £425 - 76
North West -10 199 £400 -6.16% 85
South West -6 151 £400 +14.29% 57
East of England -27 151 £450 -9.09% 65
West Midlands +27 146 £445 +7.88% 34
Scotland -30 125 £400 - 22
East Midlands +2 82 £425 - 44
North East -2 53 £431 -9.21% 7
Wales -34 35 £438 -7.89% 19
Northern Ireland -49 2 £315 -18.18% 1

For the 6 months to 19 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,413 (81.05%) Agile Software Development
2 3,274 (77.75%) TDD
3 2,037 (48.37%) Java
4 1,489 (35.36%) Scrum
5 1,462 (34.72%) Test Automation
6 1,444 (34.29%) JavaScript
7 1,210 (28.73%) Continuous Integration
8 1,136 (26.98%) Git (software)
9 990 (23.51%) Jenkins
10 928 (22.04%) C#
11 899 (21.35%) Cucumber
12 890 (21.14%) Microservices
13 856 (20.33%) HTML
14 838 (19.90%) Kanban
15 834 (19.81%) Selenium
16 812 (19.28%) .NET
17 789 (18.74%) Spring
18 780 (18.52%) CSS
19 778 (18.48%) AngularJS
20 745 (17.69%) Web Services
21 726 (17.24%) REST
22 708 (16.81%) RESTful
23 704 (16.72%) JIRA
24 703 (16.69%) SQL
25 701 (16.65%) MVC
26 676 (16.05%) Amazon AWS
27 664 (15.77%) DevOps
28 646 (15.34%) Node.js
29 639 (15.17%) Finance
30 581 (13.80%) NoSQL

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 389 (9.24%) Confluence
2 209 (4.96%) Elasticsearch
3 126 (2.99%) Apache Spark
4 108 (2.56%) Tomcat
5 104 (2.47%) Apache
6 92 (2.18%) JBoss
7 79 (1.88%) CMS
8 57 (1.35%) Jetty
8 57 (1.35%) NServiceBus
9 53 (1.26%) Apache Solr
10 48 (1.14%) WebLogic
11 47 (1.12%) WebSphere
12 45 (1.07%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 40 (0.95%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 29 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
15 23 (0.55%) EPiServer
16 22 (0.52%) nginx
17 21 (0.50%) Apache ServiceMix
18 20 (0.47%) Drupal
19 19 (0.45%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 23 (0.55%) MS Visio
2 17 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.095%) Mingle
6 3 (0.071%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.047%) InDesign
7 2 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.024%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.024%) InVision
Business Applications
1 26 (0.62%) Payment Gateway
2 14 (0.33%) Magento
3 12 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
4 8 (0.19%) Endur
5 3 (0.071%) IntelliMatch
6 2 (0.047%) OpenText MBPM
6 2 (0.047%) OpenText Process Suite
6 2 (0.047%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.047%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 1 (0.024%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.024%) Oracle Retail
7 1 (0.024%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 676 (16.05%) Amazon AWS
2 362 (8.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 159 (3.78%) GitHub
4 116 (2.75%) npm
5 84 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
5 84 (1.99%) Slack
6 70 (1.66%) PaaS
7 64 (1.52%) Serverless
8 59 (1.40%) Google Cloud Platform
9 52 (1.23%) Amazon S3
10 38 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
11 35 (0.83%) AWS Lambda
12 34 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
12 34 (0.81%) Google Analytics
13 24 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
14 19 (0.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 19 (0.45%) IaaS
15 18 (0.43%) BrowserStack
15 18 (0.43%) Heroku
16 17 (0.40%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 115 (2.73%) HTTP
2 40 (0.95%) Internet
3 37 (0.88%) TCP/IP
4 35 (0.83%) SSL
5 32 (0.76%) Kerberos
6 15 (0.36%) AMQP
7 14 (0.33%) Firewall
8 12 (0.28%) DNS
9 9 (0.21%) FTP
10 8 (0.19%) SSH
11 3 (0.071%) Bluetooth
11 3 (0.071%) Skype
11 3 (0.071%) Wi-Fi
12 2 (0.047%) DSL
12 2 (0.047%) Ethernet
12 2 (0.047%) FIX Connectivity
12 2 (0.047%) Unified Communications
12 2 (0.047%) VPLS
13 1 (0.024%) BIG-IP
13 1 (0.024%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 581 (13.80%) NoSQL
2 467 (11.09%) MongoDB
3 345 (8.19%) SQL Server
4 342 (8.12%) PostgreSQL
5 286 (6.79%) MySQL
6 258 (6.13%) Hadoop
7 247 (5.87%) Big Data
8 213 (5.06%) Relational Database
9 158 (3.75%) Apache Cassandra
10 121 (2.87%) HBase
11 103 (2.45%) Redis
12 96 (2.28%) RDBMS
13 52 (1.23%) Apache Hive
14 50 (1.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 42 (1.00%) Neo4j
16 41 (0.97%) Couchbase
17 34 (0.81%) Oracle Database
18 27 (0.64%) SQL Server 2012
19 26 (0.62%) DB2
19 26 (0.62%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 1,136 (26.98%) Git (software)
2 990 (23.51%) Jenkins
3 899 (21.35%) Cucumber
4 834 (19.81%) Selenium
5 704 (16.72%) JIRA
6 425 (10.09%) Maven
7 340 (8.07%) JUnit
8 294 (6.98%) WebDriver
9 273 (6.48%) SpecFlow
10 237 (5.63%) Mockito
11 208 (4.94%) TeamCity
12 181 (4.30%) Gradle
13 173 (4.11%) Jasmine
14 153 (3.63%) webpack
15 150 (3.56%) Subversion
16 149 (3.54%) JMeter
17 139 (3.30%) gulp
18 125 (2.97%) IntelliJ
19 124 (2.94%) SoapUI
20 117 (2.78%) NUnit
General
1 639 (15.17%) Finance
2 382 (9.07%) Banking
3 197 (4.68%) Retail
4 109 (2.59%) Investment Banking
5 96 (2.28%) Telecoms
6 94 (2.23%) Marketing
7 74 (1.76%) Games
8 72 (1.71%) Publishing
9 44 (1.04%) Advertising
10 42 (1.00%) Manufacturing
11 41 (0.97%) Electronics
12 35 (0.83%) Law
13 34 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 32 (0.76%) Front Office
15 28 (0.66%) Retail Banking
16 25 (0.59%) Back Office
17 15 (0.36%) Automotive
18 12 (0.28%) Legal
19 7 (0.17%) Prime Brokerage
20 5 (0.12%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 2,667 (63.33%) Developer
2 950 (22.56%) Java Developer
3 452 (10.73%) Senior Developer
4 372 (8.83%) .NET Developer
5 357 (8.48%) Analyst
6 301 (7.15%) C# Developer
7 291 (6.91%) JavaScript Developer
8 280 (6.65%) Tester
9 242 (5.75%) Agile Developer
10 237 (5.63%) Full Stack Developer
11 213 (5.06%) Test Analyst
12 205 (4.87%) React Developer
13 199 (4.73%) Automation Tester
14 153 (3.63%) C# .NET Developer
14 153 (3.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 152 (3.61%) Test Engineer
16 151 (3.59%) Agile Java Developer
17 146 (3.47%) Scala Developer
18 141 (3.35%) Java Engineer
18 141 (3.35%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 856 (20.33%) HTML
2 812 (19.28%) .NET
3 789 (18.74%) Spring
4 780 (18.52%) CSS
5 778 (18.48%) AngularJS
6 745 (17.69%) Web Services
7 726 (17.24%) REST
8 708 (16.81%) RESTful
9 646 (15.34%) Node.js
10 564 (13.39%) React
11 493 (11.71%) HTML5
12 342 (8.12%) Hibernate
13 315 (7.48%) CSS3
14 309 (7.34%) ASP.NET
15 299 (7.10%) ASP.NET Web API
16 297 (7.05%) Kafka
17 290 (6.89%) Spring Boot
18 289 (6.86%) JSON
19 282 (6.70%) Gherkin
20 272 (6.46%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 327 (7.77%) Greenfield Project
2 309 (7.34%) User Experience
3 205 (4.87%) Mobile App
4 144 (3.42%) Enterprise Software
5 140 (3.32%) Analytical Skills
6 121 (2.87%) Computer Science
7 114 (2.71%) Fintech
8 104 (2.47%) Virtual Team
9 54 (1.28%) iPad
10 48 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
11 47 (1.12%) Video on Demand
12 39 (0.93%) Algorithms
12 39 (0.93%) Data Structures
13 37 (0.88%) Blog
14 36 (0.85%) Public Cloud
15 35 (0.83%) Hedge funds
16 33 (0.78%) Wiki
17 31 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 26 (0.62%) Derivative
18 26 (0.62%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 397 (9.43%) Linux
2 206 (4.89%) Unix
3 201 (4.77%) Apple iOS
4 193 (4.58%) Android
5 59 (1.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 57 (1.35%) Windows
7 25 (0.59%) Mac OS X
8 9 (0.21%) CoreOS
9 8 (0.19%) Ubuntu
10 7 (0.17%) CentOS
10 7 (0.17%) Debian
10 7 (0.17%) Nucleus RTOS
11 4 (0.095%) Solaris
11 4 (0.095%) Windows Phone
11 4 (0.095%) Windows Server
12 3 (0.071%) VMS
12 3 (0.071%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.047%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.024%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,413 (81.05%) Agile Software Development
2 3,274 (77.75%) TDD
3 1,489 (35.36%) Scrum
4 1,462 (34.72%) Test Automation
5 1,210 (28.73%) Continuous Integration
6 890 (21.14%) Microservices
7 838 (19.90%) Kanban
8 701 (16.65%) MVC
9 664 (15.77%) DevOps
10 572 (13.58%) Software Engineering
11 542 (12.87%) Pair Programming
12 453 (10.76%) E-Commerce
13 434 (10.31%) Unit Testing
14 419 (9.95%) Continuous Delivery
15 399 (9.48%) User Stories
16 383 (9.10%) Open Source
17 367 (8.72%) OO
18 288 (6.84%) Mentoring
19 284 (6.74%) SDLC
20 258 (6.13%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 2,037 (48.37%) Java
2 1,444 (34.29%) JavaScript
3 928 (22.04%) C#
4 703 (16.69%) SQL
5 369 (8.76%) Python
6 339 (8.05%) Scala
7 324 (7.69%) Ruby
8 236 (5.60%) ES6
9 155 (3.68%) Groovy
10 133 (3.16%) TypeScript
11 118 (2.80%) Apple Swift
12 91 (2.16%) PHP
13 81 (1.92%) Shell Script
14 79 (1.88%) Objective-C
15 69 (1.64%) T-SQL
16 57 (1.35%) Bash Shell
17 47 (1.12%) Go
18 43 (1.02%) PL/SQL
19 42 (1.00%) C++
19 42 (1.00%) Perl
Qualifications
1 201 (4.77%) Security Cleared
2 200 (4.75%) Degree
3 137 (3.25%) SC Cleared
4 95 (2.26%) Computer Science Degree
5 72 (1.71%) ISEB
5 72 (1.71%) ISTQB
6 27 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
6 27 (0.64%) Master's Degree
7 17 (0.40%) PMI Certification
8 15 (0.36%) CTC Cleared
9 14 (0.33%) PMP
10 13 (0.31%) DV Cleared
10 13 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.12%) DBS Check
12 4 (0.095%) ISEB Practitioner
13 3 (0.071%) Chartered Engineer
13 3 (0.071%) CITP
13 3 (0.071%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.071%) PhD
13 3 (0.071%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 511 (12.13%) QA
2 22 (0.52%) WCAG
3 15 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
4 12 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 11 (0.26%) MiFID
6 9 (0.21%) GCP
7 5 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 5 (0.12%) PMO
7 5 (0.12%) PSD2
8 4 (0.095%) SLA
8 4 (0.095%) WAI
9 2 (0.047%) ISO 20022
9 2 (0.047%) ISO 8583
10 1 (0.024%) Basel III
10 1 (0.024%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.024%) GDPR
10 1 (0.024%) ISO 14001
10 1 (0.024%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.024%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.024%) SEPA
System Software
1 565 (13.42%) Docker
2 78 (1.85%) HDFS
3 52 (1.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 34 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
5 21 (0.50%) vSphere
6 13 (0.31%) Apache Flume
7 10 (0.24%) Active Directory
8 7 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
9 2 (0.047%) GeoWebCache
9 2 (0.047%) Varnish
10 1 (0.024%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 201 (4.77%) Ansible
2 161 (3.82%) Puppet
3 154 (3.66%) Kubernetes
4 140 (3.32%) Opscode Chef
5 87 (2.07%) Terraform
6 73 (1.73%) Kibana
7 67 (1.59%) Grafana
8 58 (1.38%) logstash
9 42 (1.00%) Cobbler
10 37 (0.88%) Hadoop YARN
11 22 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
12 19 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
13 15 (0.36%) Oozie
14 12 (0.28%) Nessus
15 10 (0.24%) Prometheus
16 9 (0.21%) BladeLogic
16 9 (0.21%) CA Service Virtualization
17 8 (0.19%) ITRS Geneos
17 8 (0.19%) Packer
18 6 (0.14%) Consul
Vendors
1 224 (5.32%) Oracle
2 210 (4.99%) Microsoft
3 117 (2.78%) Google
4 107 (2.54%) Splunk
5 77 (1.83%) AppDynamics
5 77 (1.83%) Salesforce.com
6 71 (1.69%) Atlassian
7 68 (1.61%) Red Hat
8 50 (1.19%) Xamarin
9 48 (1.14%) IBM
10 45 (1.07%) Apple
11 44 (1.04%) Adobe
11 44 (1.04%) HP
12 41 (0.97%) SAP
12 41 (0.97%) VMware
13 38 (0.90%) Twitter
14 36 (0.85%) New Relic
14 36 (0.85%) Sitecore
15 27 (0.64%) ATG
16 26 (0.62%) Coverity