Period
to 19 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 19 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
19 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 49 62 65
Rank change year-on-year +13 +3 +30
Contract jobs citing BDD 4,293 3,230 3,327
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.25% 3.49% 3.12%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.96% 4.13% 3.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,417 2,454 2,700
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £343 £325 £313
90th Percentile £600 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 14 6
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £45.94 £47.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.41% -2.78% -
10th Percentile £40.00 £36.10 £40.77
90th Percentile £52.50 £56.35 £70.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £45.87 £47.25
% change year-on-year +3.55% -2.92% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,568 78,196 89,330
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.62% 84.38% 83.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,177 51,470 58,297
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £299 £270 £263
90th Percentile £638 £620 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +5.00% +1.27% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,215 2,127 2,465
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £25.00 £24.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% +0.60% +23.11%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.39 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.25 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.33 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -14.70% - +15.93%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 19 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 4,089 £475 +2.70% 964
London +9 2,505 £503 +3.08% 440
UK excluding London +9 1,770 £425 +1.19% 565
North of England +10 528 £413 -2.94% 161
South East +34 522 £475 +15.15% 142
Midlands +32 263 £450 +7.40% 82
Yorkshire +20 257 £425 +1.19% 65
North West +3 208 £400 -5.88% 87
West Midlands +26 189 £450 +5.88% 42
East of England -13 161 £450 -5.26% 66
South West -3 147 £400 +14.29% 72
Scotland -23 129 £404 +0.94% 23
North East +10 78 £450 -5.26% 9
East Midlands +25 73 £421 +1.81% 39
Wales 0 51 £475 - 14
Northern Ireland -19 1 - - 5

For the 6 months to 19 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,453 (80.43%) Agile Software Development
2 3,376 (78.64%) TDD
3 1,966 (45.80%) Java
4 1,548 (36.06%) Test Automation
5 1,523 (35.48%) JavaScript
6 1,469 (34.22%) Scrum
7 1,204 (28.05%) Git (software)
8 1,173 (27.32%) Continuous Integration
9 1,124 (26.18%) Jenkins
10 1,002 (23.34%) C#
11 913 (21.27%) HTML
12 907 (21.13%) Microservices
13 869 (20.24%) Selenium
14 867 (20.20%) CSS
15 865 (20.15%) .NET
15 865 (20.15%) Cucumber
16 831 (19.36%) Kanban
17 814 (18.96%) Spring
18 799 (18.61%) DevOps
19 782 (18.22%) REST
20 761 (17.73%) Web Services
21 759 (17.68%) RESTful
22 753 (17.54%) SQL
23 737 (17.17%) MVC
24 727 (16.93%) AngularJS
25 709 (16.52%) Node.js
26 697 (16.24%) Amazon AWS
27 609 (14.19%) Finance
28 600 (13.98%) React
29 596 (13.88%) JIRA

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 356 (8.29%) Confluence
2 241 (5.61%) Elasticsearch
3 129 (3.00%) Apache
4 82 (1.91%) Apache Spark
5 77 (1.79%) Tomcat
6 74 (1.72%) CMS
7 68 (1.58%) NServiceBus
8 66 (1.54%) JBoss
9 51 (1.19%) Cloud Foundry
10 48 (1.12%) WebSphere
11 45 (1.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 44 (1.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 43 (1.00%) WebLogic
14 38 (0.89%) Jetty
15 29 (0.68%) Mule
16 26 (0.61%) Apache ServiceMix
17 25 (0.58%) MQSeries
18 22 (0.51%) Apache Solr
19 19 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
19 19 (0.44%) Documentum
Applications
1 24 (0.56%) MS Visio
2 16 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.14%) Photoshop
5 5 (0.12%) Chatbot
5 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.070%) GIMP
7 2 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.023%) InVision
Business Applications
1 22 (0.51%) Payment Gateway
2 18 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 12 (0.28%) Magento
4 3 (0.070%) OpenText MBPM
4 3 (0.070%) OpenText Process Suite
5 2 (0.047%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.047%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.023%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.023%) Elite 3E
6 1 (0.023%) Endur
6 1 (0.023%) FastStats
6 1 (0.023%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.023%) SAP FI
6 1 (0.023%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.023%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 697 (16.24%) Amazon AWS
2 445 (10.37%) Microsoft Azure
3 159 (3.70%) GitHub
4 126 (2.94%) npm
5 103 (2.40%) Slack
6 94 (2.19%) Serverless
7 86 (2.00%) Amazon EC2
8 77 (1.79%) Google Cloud Platform
9 75 (1.75%) PaaS
10 48 (1.12%) Heroku
11 45 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
12 43 (1.00%) Amazon S3
13 37 (0.86%) Amazon SQS
14 35 (0.82%) BrowserStack
15 33 (0.77%) AWS Lambda
16 32 (0.75%) OpenShift
17 31 (0.72%) Google Analytics
18 29 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
19 24 (0.56%) Sauce Labs
20 21 (0.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 171 (3.98%) HTTP
2 54 (1.26%) TCP/IP
3 48 (1.12%) SSL
4 36 (0.84%) Internet
5 34 (0.79%) DNS
5 34 (0.79%) FTP
6 19 (0.44%) Firewall
7 6 (0.14%) SSH
8 4 (0.093%) PuTTY
8 4 (0.093%) WinSCP
9 3 (0.070%) AMQP
9 3 (0.070%) Broadband
9 3 (0.070%) FIX Connectivity
9 3 (0.070%) HTTPS
9 3 (0.070%) SAN
10 2 (0.047%) DSL
10 2 (0.047%) Intranet
10 2 (0.047%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.047%) SMTP
10 2 (0.047%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 540 (12.58%) NoSQL
2 443 (10.32%) SQL Server
3 425 (9.90%) MongoDB
4 336 (7.83%) PostgreSQL
5 308 (7.17%) MySQL
6 257 (5.99%) Relational Database
7 188 (4.38%) Big Data
8 171 (3.98%) Apache Cassandra
9 165 (3.84%) Hadoop
10 127 (2.96%) Redis
11 108 (2.52%) RDBMS
12 99 (2.31%) HBase
13 81 (1.89%) Neo4j
14 52 (1.21%) Oracle Database
15 41 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 41 (0.96%) Amazon Redshift
16 40 (0.93%) Couchbase
17 36 (0.84%) Apache Hive
18 35 (0.82%) SQL Server 2012
19 33 (0.77%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 1,204 (28.05%) Git (software)
2 1,124 (26.18%) Jenkins
3 869 (20.24%) Selenium
4 865 (20.15%) Cucumber
5 596 (13.88%) JIRA
6 524 (12.21%) Maven
7 362 (8.43%) JUnit
8 333 (7.76%) SpecFlow
9 286 (6.66%) WebDriver
10 246 (5.73%) Mockito
11 195 (4.54%) webpack
12 188 (4.38%) Gradle
13 184 (4.29%) Jasmine
14 183 (4.26%) TeamCity
15 157 (3.66%) JMeter
16 156 (3.63%) SoapUI
17 155 (3.61%) Subversion
18 150 (3.49%) NUnit
19 143 (3.33%) SonarQube
20 133 (3.10%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 609 (14.19%) Finance
2 335 (7.80%) Banking
3 173 (4.03%) Retail
4 94 (2.19%) Games
5 84 (1.96%) Telecoms
6 74 (1.72%) Marketing
7 67 (1.56%) Investment Banking
8 62 (1.44%) Publishing
9 46 (1.07%) Advertising
10 30 (0.70%) Retail Banking
11 26 (0.61%) Law
12 23 (0.54%) Back Office
13 21 (0.49%) Financial Institution
14 19 (0.44%) Manufacturing
15 17 (0.40%) Front Office
16 16 (0.37%) Electronics
17 15 (0.35%) Automotive
18 14 (0.33%) Legal
19 5 (0.12%) Pharmaceutical
20 3 (0.070%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,706 (63.03%) Developer
2 957 (22.29%) Java Developer
3 457 (10.65%) Senior Developer
4 378 (8.81%) .NET Developer
5 336 (7.83%) C# Developer
6 298 (6.94%) Analyst
7 288 (6.71%) Tester
8 279 (6.50%) Full Stack Developer
9 270 (6.29%) JavaScript Developer
10 238 (5.54%) Agile Developer
11 225 (5.24%) React Developer
12 208 (4.85%) Automation Tester
13 197 (4.59%) Test Analyst
14 169 (3.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 163 (3.80%) C# .NET Developer
16 157 (3.66%) Senior Java Developer
17 155 (3.61%) Node.js Developer
17 155 (3.61%) Software Engineer
18 150 (3.49%) Agile Java Developer
19 147 (3.42%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 913 (21.27%) HTML
2 867 (20.20%) CSS
3 865 (20.15%) .NET
4 814 (18.96%) Spring
5 782 (18.22%) REST
6 761 (17.73%) Web Services
7 759 (17.68%) RESTful
8 727 (16.93%) AngularJS
9 709 (16.52%) Node.js
10 600 (13.98%) React
11 493 (11.48%) HTML5
12 380 (8.85%) CSS3
13 361 (8.41%) ASP.NET
14 359 (8.36%) Hibernate
15 343 (7.99%) JSON
16 318 (7.41%) Spring Boot
17 298 (6.94%) SOAP
18 282 (6.57%) ASP.NET Web API
19 264 (6.15%) J2EE
20 248 (5.78%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 355 (8.27%) Greenfield Project
2 289 (6.73%) User Experience
3 192 (4.47%) Enterprise Software
4 181 (4.22%) Mobile App
5 132 (3.07%) Analytical Skills
6 118 (2.75%) Fintech
7 92 (2.14%) Virtual Team
8 88 (2.05%) Computer Science
9 70 (1.63%) Linux Command Line
10 65 (1.51%) iPad
11 55 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
12 45 (1.05%) Video on Demand
13 40 (0.93%) Blog
14 39 (0.91%) Clustering
15 32 (0.75%) Algorithms
16 27 (0.63%) Public Cloud
17 25 (0.58%) Data Structures
18 22 (0.51%) iPhone
18 22 (0.51%) Social Media
19 21 (0.49%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 495 (11.53%) Linux
2 256 (5.96%) Unix
3 213 (4.96%) Android
4 197 (4.59%) Apple iOS
5 111 (2.59%) Windows
6 74 (1.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 54 (1.26%) Mac OS X
8 14 (0.33%) Ubuntu
9 11 (0.26%) CentOS
9 11 (0.26%) Nucleus RTOS
10 8 (0.19%) Windows Phone
11 7 (0.16%) Debian
12 5 (0.12%) VMS
12 5 (0.12%) Windows Server
13 4 (0.093%) Mac OS
13 4 (0.093%) Windows 10
13 4 (0.093%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.070%) AIX
14 3 (0.070%) Solaris
15 2 (0.047%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,453 (80.43%) Agile Software Development
2 3,376 (78.64%) TDD
3 1,548 (36.06%) Test Automation
4 1,469 (34.22%) Scrum
5 1,173 (27.32%) Continuous Integration
6 907 (21.13%) Microservices
7 831 (19.36%) Kanban
8 799 (18.61%) DevOps
9 737 (17.17%) MVC
10 574 (13.37%) Software Engineering
11 522 (12.16%) Pair Programming
12 498 (11.60%) Continuous Delivery
13 489 (11.39%) Unit Testing
14 477 (11.11%) E-Commerce
15 369 (8.60%) OO
16 355 (8.27%) Open Source
17 354 (8.25%) User Stories
18 291 (6.78%) Mentoring
19 281 (6.55%) SDLC
20 242 (5.64%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 1,966 (45.80%) Java
2 1,523 (35.48%) JavaScript
3 1,002 (23.34%) C#
4 753 (17.54%) SQL
5 515 (12.00%) Java 8
6 341 (7.94%) Scala
7 332 (7.73%) Python
8 287 (6.69%) Ruby
9 266 (6.20%) ES6
10 221 (5.15%) TypeScript
11 176 (4.10%) Groovy
12 101 (2.35%) Apple Swift
13 99 (2.31%) T-SQL
14 94 (2.19%) PHP
15 84 (1.96%) Shell Script
16 75 (1.75%) Bash Shell
17 66 (1.54%) Objective-C
18 64 (1.49%) PowerShell
19 53 (1.23%) C++
19 53 (1.23%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 236 (5.50%) Security Cleared
2 177 (4.12%) Degree
3 170 (3.96%) SC Cleared
4 62 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 60 (1.40%) ISTQB
6 56 (1.30%) ISEB
7 21 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
8 20 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 18 (0.42%) Master's Degree
10 17 (0.40%) CTC Cleared
11 14 (0.33%) PMI Certification
11 14 (0.33%) PMP
12 12 (0.28%) ISEB Practitioner
13 8 (0.19%) DV Cleared
13 8 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
14 6 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
15 5 (0.12%) AWS Certification
15 5 (0.12%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 5 (0.12%) Sun Certification
16 4 (0.093%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 517 (12.04%) QA
2 27 (0.63%) GCP
3 21 (0.49%) WCAG
4 11 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
5 10 (0.23%) PMO
6 9 (0.21%) PSD2
7 5 (0.12%) GDPR
7 5 (0.12%) SLA
8 4 (0.093%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.070%) MiFID
10 2 (0.047%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.047%) SEPA
10 2 (0.047%) WAI
11 1 (0.023%) ISO 20022
11 1 (0.023%) ISO 8583
11 1 (0.023%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 593 (13.81%) Docker
2 46 (1.07%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 42 (0.98%) HDFS
4 35 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
5 33 (0.77%) vSphere
6 8 (0.19%) Active Directory
7 5 (0.12%) GeoWebCache
8 3 (0.070%) QEMU
8 3 (0.070%) Varnish
8 3 (0.070%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.070%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.047%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.023%) Microsoft App-V
10 1 (0.023%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 188 (4.38%) Puppet
2 181 (4.22%) Ansible
3 174 (4.05%) Kubernetes
4 124 (2.89%) Opscode Chef
5 116 (2.70%) Terraform
6 70 (1.63%) Grafana
7 66 (1.54%) Kibana
8 53 (1.23%) logstash
9 42 (0.98%) Hadoop YARN
10 41 (0.96%) Docker Swarm
11 29 (0.68%) Mesos
12 28 (0.65%) HP ALM
13 27 (0.63%) Cobbler
14 17 (0.40%) Consul
15 16 (0.37%) Nessus
15 16 (0.37%) Packer
16 15 (0.35%) BladeLogic
17 14 (0.33%) Graylog
18 13 (0.30%) Nagios
19 8 (0.19%) Control-M
Vendors
1 258 (6.01%) Microsoft
2 207 (4.82%) Oracle
3 117 (2.73%) Google
4 110 (2.56%) Splunk
5 85 (1.98%) Red Hat
6 70 (1.63%) Salesforce.com
7 66 (1.54%) AppDynamics
8 64 (1.49%) Atlassian
9 52 (1.21%) IBM
10 46 (1.07%) Adobe
11 39 (0.91%) VMware
12 37 (0.86%) HP
13 34 (0.79%) Sitecore
14 29 (0.68%) Coverity
15 28 (0.65%) Xamarin
16 27 (0.63%) Pega
17 25 (0.58%) SAP
17 25 (0.58%) Twitter
18 24 (0.56%) Apple
18 24 (0.56%) New Relic