Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 55 63 67
Rank change year-on-year +8 +4 +23
Contract jobs citing BDD 4,139 3,279 3,350
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.01% 3.42% 3.04%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.67% 4.02% 3.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,158 2,476 2,680
UK median daily rate £490 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.95% +2.78% +9.09%
10th Percentile £350 £330 £313
90th Percentile £613 £600 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £448 £413 £413
% change year-on-year +8.48% - +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 12 10
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £48.75 £45.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.69% +7.14% -
10th Percentile £21.00 £34.10 £35.98
90th Percentile £52.50 £58.00 £69.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £48.75 £45.50
% change year-on-year -7.69% +7.14% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,579 81,472 92,785
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.73% 84.93% 84.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,435 53,324 61,119
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.11% +5.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,441 2,132 2,266
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.00% +4.17% +11.63%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.25 £52.49 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year -16.00% - +16.01%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 3,917 £500 +5.26% 898
London +5 2,341 £513 +2.50% 433
UK excluding London +16 1,768 £448 +8.48% 504
North of England +15 562 £413 -1.79% 146
South East +11 493 £475 +11.76% 153
Midlands +51 277 £450 +12.50% 71
Yorkshire +6 248 £413 -2.94% 43
West Midlands +41 218 £450 +10.77% 49
North West +19 202 £425 +6.25% 93
Scotland -6 153 £413 +3.13% 26
South West -5 129 £415 +10.67% 43
North East +30 118 £389 +3.67% 10
East of England -4 114 £500 +11.11% 52
East Midlands +15 60 £401 -3.49% 22
Wales +4 38 £475 +22.58% 12
Northern Ireland +16 4 £288 -24.54% 1

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,261 (78.79%) Agile Software Development
2 3,204 (77.41%) TDD
3 1,938 (46.82%) Java
4 1,454 (35.13%) Scrum
5 1,442 (34.84%) Test Automation
6 1,352 (32.66%) JavaScript
7 1,135 (27.42%) Git (software)
8 1,076 (26.00%) Jenkins
9 1,036 (25.03%) Continuous Integration
10 946 (22.86%) C#
11 848 (20.49%) Microservices
12 842 (20.34%) Selenium
13 808 (19.52%) HTML
13 808 (19.52%) .NET
14 804 (19.42%) SQL
15 800 (19.33%) Kanban
16 798 (19.28%) Cucumber
17 781 (18.87%) Spring
18 776 (18.75%) REST
19 763 (18.43%) DevOps
20 754 (18.22%) CSS
21 692 (16.72%) RESTful
22 683 (16.50%) Web Services
23 676 (16.33%) Amazon AWS
24 637 (15.39%) MVC
25 634 (15.32%) Node.js
26 630 (15.22%) Finance
27 628 (15.17%) AngularJS
28 591 (14.28%) Docker
29 584 (14.11%) JIRA

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 339 (8.19%) Confluence
2 182 (4.40%) Elasticsearch
3 125 (3.02%) Apache Spark
4 123 (2.97%) Apache
5 84 (2.03%) NServiceBus
6 83 (2.01%) Cloud Foundry
7 80 (1.93%) JBoss
8 78 (1.88%) Tomcat
9 60 (1.45%) CMS
10 49 (1.18%) WebSphere
11 44 (1.06%) Jetty
11 44 (1.06%) WebLogic
12 38 (0.92%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 33 (0.80%) Documentum
14 32 (0.77%) Mule
14 32 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 25 (0.60%) MQSeries
16 24 (0.58%) GemFire
17 23 (0.56%) Apache Solr
18 21 (0.51%) IIS
Applications
1 14 (0.34%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.29%) Chatbot
2 12 (0.29%) Photoshop
3 8 (0.19%) GIMP
3 8 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
3 8 (0.19%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.048%) InVision
4 2 (0.048%) S-PLUS
4 2 (0.048%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.024%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 30 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
3 7 (0.17%) Endur
4 6 (0.14%) Magento
5 5 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.072%) Eloqua
6 3 (0.072%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.072%) Oracle CRM
6 3 (0.072%) SAP FI
6 3 (0.072%) Siebel CRM
7 2 (0.048%) Adobe Campaign
7 2 (0.048%) FastStats
7 2 (0.048%) Markit EDM
7 2 (0.048%) Summit
7 2 (0.048%) Unica
8 1 (0.024%) OpenText Process Suite
8 1 (0.024%) Oracle Applications
8 1 (0.024%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 1 (0.024%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.024%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 676 (16.33%) Amazon AWS
2 518 (12.52%) Microsoft Azure
3 154 (3.72%) GitHub
4 106 (2.56%) Serverless
5 100 (2.42%) Google Cloud Platform
6 78 (1.88%) Heroku
7 76 (1.84%) npm
8 72 (1.74%) Slack
9 56 (1.35%) BrowserStack
10 54 (1.30%) Amazon EC2
11 51 (1.23%) PaaS
12 50 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
13 42 (1.01%) Sauce Labs
14 29 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
14 29 (0.70%) IBM Cloud
14 29 (0.70%) SaaS
15 25 (0.60%) Datadog
16 24 (0.58%) OpenShift
17 23 (0.56%) IaaS
18 21 (0.51%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 144 (3.48%) HTTP
2 52 (1.26%) Internet
3 37 (0.89%) DNS
4 36 (0.87%) FTP
4 36 (0.87%) TCP/IP
5 35 (0.85%) SSL
6 26 (0.63%) AMQP
7 10 (0.24%) HTTPS
7 10 (0.24%) Reverse Proxy
8 9 (0.22%) Kerberos
9 7 (0.17%) Firewall
9 7 (0.17%) PuTTY
9 7 (0.17%) WinSCP
10 6 (0.14%) FIX Connectivity
11 4 (0.097%) MQTT
11 4 (0.097%) Network Security
12 3 (0.072%) Broadband
12 3 (0.072%) DSL
12 3 (0.072%) Intranet
12 3 (0.072%) WEP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 443 (10.70%) NoSQL
2 436 (10.53%) SQL Server
3 333 (8.05%) MongoDB
4 289 (6.98%) PostgreSQL
5 224 (5.41%) Relational Database
6 215 (5.19%) MySQL
7 214 (5.17%) Big Data
8 170 (4.11%) Hadoop
9 134 (3.24%) Apache Cassandra
10 104 (2.51%) HBase
11 99 (2.39%) Redis
12 65 (1.57%) Amazon Redshift
13 63 (1.52%) RDBMS
14 56 (1.35%) Neo4j
15 47 (1.14%) Oracle Database
16 46 (1.11%) Couchbase
17 42 (1.01%) Apache Hive
18 34 (0.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 33 (0.80%) Oracle Database 11g
20 32 (0.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,135 (27.42%) Git (software)
2 1,076 (26.00%) Jenkins
3 842 (20.34%) Selenium
4 798 (19.28%) Cucumber
5 584 (14.11%) JIRA
6 490 (11.84%) Maven
7 342 (8.26%) SpecFlow
8 341 (8.24%) JUnit
9 311 (7.51%) WebDriver
10 214 (5.17%) Mockito
11 200 (4.83%) SoapUI
12 179 (4.32%) Subversion
13 167 (4.03%) TeamCity
14 149 (3.60%) SonarQube
15 143 (3.45%) Gradle
16 140 (3.38%) Team Foundation Server
17 139 (3.36%) JMeter
18 130 (3.14%) webpack
19 123 (2.97%) Jasmine
19 123 (2.97%) NUnit
General
1 630 (15.22%) Finance
2 391 (9.45%) Banking
3 178 (4.30%) Retail
4 100 (2.42%) Games
5 78 (1.88%) Investment Banking
6 75 (1.81%) Telecoms
7 43 (1.04%) Marketing
8 41 (0.99%) Publishing
9 40 (0.97%) Front Office
10 32 (0.77%) Back Office
11 24 (0.58%) Financial Institution
11 24 (0.58%) Retail Banking
12 22 (0.53%) Advertising
13 14 (0.34%) Law
14 13 (0.31%) Legal
15 12 (0.29%) Automotive
15 12 (0.29%) Manufacturing
16 7 (0.17%) Electronics
16 7 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
17 4 (0.097%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 2,547 (61.54%) Developer
2 917 (22.16%) Java Developer
3 386 (9.33%) Senior Developer
4 355 (8.58%) .NET Developer
5 353 (8.53%) C# Developer
6 286 (6.91%) Tester
7 271 (6.55%) Analyst
8 243 (5.87%) React Developer
9 225 (5.44%) Full Stack Developer
10 219 (5.29%) Automation Tester
11 208 (5.03%) JavaScript Developer
12 173 (4.18%) Test Analyst
13 171 (4.13%) Senior Java Developer
14 161 (3.89%) Agile Developer
15 156 (3.77%) C# .NET Developer
16 153 (3.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 148 (3.58%) Software Engineer
18 146 (3.53%) Node.js Developer
19 141 (3.41%) Test Engineer
20 129 (3.12%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 808 (19.52%) .NET
1 808 (19.52%) HTML
2 781 (18.87%) Spring
3 776 (18.75%) REST
4 754 (18.22%) CSS
5 692 (16.72%) RESTful
6 683 (16.50%) Web Services
7 634 (15.32%) Node.js
8 628 (15.17%) AngularJS
9 546 (13.19%) React
10 427 (10.32%) HTML5
11 382 (9.23%) Spring Boot
12 355 (8.58%) ASP.NET
13 326 (7.88%) Hibernate
14 314 (7.59%) JSON
15 309 (7.47%) SOAP
16 300 (7.25%) CSS3
17 249 (6.02%) XML
18 238 (5.75%) ASP.NET MVC
19 237 (5.73%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 340 (8.21%) Greenfield Project
2 296 (7.15%) User Experience
3 180 (4.35%) Mobile App
4 176 (4.25%) Enterprise Software
5 148 (3.58%) Analytical Skills
6 141 (3.41%) Fintech
7 93 (2.25%) iPad
8 60 (1.45%) Computer Science
9 57 (1.38%) Virtual Team
10 56 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
11 48 (1.16%) Algorithms
12 43 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
13 32 (0.77%) Data Centre
14 28 (0.68%) Derivative
15 27 (0.65%) Blog
15 27 (0.65%) Data Structures
15 27 (0.65%) iPhone
15 27 (0.65%) Video on Demand
16 25 (0.60%) Fixed Income
17 23 (0.56%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 544 (13.14%) Linux
2 263 (6.35%) Unix
3 179 (4.32%) Android
4 160 (3.87%) Apple iOS
5 156 (3.77%) Windows
6 46 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 43 (1.04%) Mac OS X
8 18 (0.43%) Ubuntu
9 11 (0.27%) Windows Server
10 10 (0.24%) VMS
11 8 (0.19%) Mac OS
12 7 (0.17%) CentOS
12 7 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
13 4 (0.097%) Nucleus RTOS
13 4 (0.097%) Solaris
13 4 (0.097%) Windows Phone
14 3 (0.072%) AIX
15 2 (0.048%) Windows 2000
15 2 (0.048%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.048%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,261 (78.79%) Agile Software Development
2 3,204 (77.41%) TDD
3 1,454 (35.13%) Scrum
4 1,442 (34.84%) Test Automation
5 1,036 (25.03%) Continuous Integration
6 848 (20.49%) Microservices
7 800 (19.33%) Kanban
8 763 (18.43%) DevOps
9 637 (15.39%) MVC
10 528 (12.76%) Software Engineering
11 496 (11.98%) Pair Programming
12 484 (11.69%) Unit Testing
13 411 (9.93%) Continuous Delivery
14 403 (9.74%) E-Commerce
14 403 (9.74%) OO
15 325 (7.85%) Open Source
16 313 (7.56%) User Stories
17 283 (6.84%) Mentoring
18 276 (6.67%) SDLC
19 257 (6.21%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 1,938 (46.82%) Java
2 1,352 (32.66%) JavaScript
3 946 (22.86%) C#
4 804 (19.42%) SQL
5 522 (12.61%) Java 8
6 353 (8.53%) Python
7 299 (7.22%) Scala
8 220 (5.32%) TypeScript
9 201 (4.86%) ES6
10 199 (4.81%) Ruby
11 181 (4.37%) Groovy
12 125 (3.02%) T-SQL
13 117 (2.83%) Bash Shell
14 90 (2.17%) Apple Swift
15 85 (2.05%) PowerShell
16 78 (1.88%) PHP
17 73 (1.76%) Shell Script
18 64 (1.55%) C++
18 64 (1.55%) Kotlin
19 58 (1.40%) Perl
Qualifications
1 258 (6.23%) Security Cleared
2 200 (4.83%) SC Cleared
3 135 (3.26%) Degree
4 95 (2.30%) ISTQB
5 81 (1.96%) ISEB
6 41 (0.99%) Computer Science Degree
7 31 (0.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 28 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
9 15 (0.36%) ISEB Practitioner
10 11 (0.27%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.22%) AWS Certification
12 8 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
13 7 (0.17%) DBS Check
13 7 (0.17%) DV Cleared
14 6 (0.14%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 5 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
15 5 (0.12%) PMI Certification
15 5 (0.12%) PMP
15 5 (0.12%) Sun Certification
16 4 (0.097%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 531 (12.83%) QA
2 63 (1.52%) GCP
3 16 (0.39%) PMO
4 15 (0.36%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.34%) WCAG
6 12 (0.29%) GDPR
7 11 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
8 8 (0.19%) PCI DSS
9 6 (0.14%) PSD2
10 3 (0.072%) EMIR
10 3 (0.072%) MiFID
11 2 (0.048%) Dodd-Frank
11 2 (0.048%) SEPA
11 2 (0.048%) SLA
11 2 (0.048%) WAI
System Software
1 591 (14.28%) Docker
2 53 (1.28%) HDFS
3 52 (1.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 37 (0.89%) vSphere
5 34 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
6 10 (0.24%) VirtualBox
7 8 (0.19%) Active Directory
7 8 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.072%) GeoWebCache
8 3 (0.072%) QEMU
9 2 (0.048%) Apache Flume
9 2 (0.048%) Microsoft App-V
9 2 (0.048%) vCloud
9 2 (0.048%) XenApp
10 1 (0.024%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 231 (5.58%) Kubernetes
2 226 (5.46%) Ansible
3 196 (4.74%) Puppet
4 142 (3.43%) Terraform
5 90 (2.17%) Opscode Chef
6 57 (1.38%) Mesos
7 51 (1.23%) Kibana
8 47 (1.14%) Grafana
9 45 (1.09%) Hadoop YARN
10 37 (0.89%) Consul
11 35 (0.85%) Packer
12 30 (0.72%) logstash
12 30 (0.72%) Nagios
13 28 (0.68%) Cobbler
14 25 (0.60%) Docker Swarm
15 17 (0.41%) Graylog
16 14 (0.34%) HP ALM
17 13 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
18 11 (0.27%) HAProxy
19 10 (0.24%) Marathon
Vendors
1 288 (6.96%) Microsoft
2 206 (4.98%) Oracle
3 95 (2.30%) IBM
4 82 (1.98%) Splunk
5 81 (1.96%) Google
6 76 (1.84%) Atlassian
7 46 (1.11%) Red Hat
8 43 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
8 43 (1.04%) VMware
9 40 (0.97%) Adobe
10 38 (0.92%) MuleSoft
11 37 (0.89%) New Relic
12 30 (0.72%) Pega
13 27 (0.65%) Coverity
14 26 (0.63%) AppDynamics
15 25 (0.60%) HP
16 22 (0.53%) TIBCO
17 20 (0.48%) Zend
18 19 (0.46%) SAP
18 19 (0.46%) Sybase