Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 50 49 56
Rank change year-on-year -1 +7 +14
Contract jobs citing BDD 4,515 4,181 3,877
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.30% 4.07% 3.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.96% 4.74% 4.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,357 3,314 2,992
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £325
90th Percentile £625 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 4 16
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £33.00 £45.44
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.52% -27.37% +21.16%
10th Percentile £17.45 £31.80 £31.50
90th Percentile £35.00 £34.85 £48.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.75 £33.00 £39.50
% change year-on-year +2.27% -16.46% +5.33%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,056 88,128 86,878
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.78% 85.88% 85.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,307 58,823 57,239
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £278 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £401 £400
% change year-on-year +6.12% +0.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,332 2,060 2,454
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.09
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -16.00% +11.11% -

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 4,279 £500 +3.63% 863
London -1 2,560 £525 +2.44% 410
UK excluding London +7 1,915 £450 +5.88% 523
South East +21 669 £488 +8.33% 130
North of England -11 472 £440 +3.53% 134
Midlands 0 251 £450 +5.88% 63
North West -2 228 £450 +12.50% 69
South West +4 208 £450 +12.50% 88
West Midlands 0 179 £450 +5.88% 36
Yorkshire -29 164 £450 +5.88% 50
Scotland +2 141 £450 +12.50% 49
East of England -26 122 £525 +19.32% 38
North East +11 81 £419 -1.47% 15
East Midlands +1 68 £405 -4.71% 27
Wales -4 46 £425 - 16
Northern Ireland +34 11 £340 -1.45% 5

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,444 (76.28%) Agile Software Development
2 3,390 (75.08%) TDD
3 2,229 (49.37%) Java
4 1,614 (35.75%) Test Automation
5 1,545 (34.22%) JavaScript
6 1,424 (31.54%) Scrum
7 1,255 (27.80%) Git (software)
8 1,240 (27.46%) Jenkins
9 1,159 (25.67%) Continuous Integration
10 1,056 (23.39%) Microservices
11 1,025 (22.70%) Spring
12 1,009 (22.35%) Selenium
13 969 (21.46%) REST
14 924 (20.47%) C#
15 911 (20.18%) HTML
16 907 (20.09%) Cucumber
17 888 (19.67%) CSS
18 848 (18.78%) SQL
19 835 (18.49%) JIRA
20 819 (18.14%) Amazon AWS
21 815 (18.05%) Docker
22 806 (17.85%) .NET
23 800 (17.72%) AngularJS
24 790 (17.50%) DevOps
25 778 (17.23%) Kanban
26 748 (16.57%) Web Services
27 730 (16.17%) RESTful
28 691 (15.30%) Finance
29 656 (14.53%) Microsoft Azure
29 656 (14.53%) Node.js

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 524 (11.61%) Confluence
2 192 (4.25%) Elasticsearch
3 145 (3.21%) Apache Spark
4 127 (2.81%) Apache
5 121 (2.68%) JBoss
6 108 (2.39%) Tomcat
7 85 (1.88%) CMS
8 82 (1.82%) Jetty
9 66 (1.46%) MQSeries
10 64 (1.42%) WebSphere
11 45 (1.00%) Apache Solr
11 45 (1.00%) WebLogic
12 44 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
13 43 (0.95%) NServiceBus
14 42 (0.93%) Documentum
15 32 (0.71%) Mule
16 31 (0.69%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 21 (0.47%) SharePoint
18 18 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
18 18 (0.40%) Gunicorn
Applications
1 31 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (0.31%) MS Visio
3 10 (0.22%) Chatbot
4 9 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 7 (0.16%) InVision
6 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.066%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.066%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.044%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.044%) GIMP
9 1 (0.022%) Mingle
9 1 (0.022%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 24 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.29%) Endur
3 12 (0.27%) Magento
4 7 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
5 5 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.11%) Eloqua
6 2 (0.044%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 2 (0.044%) SAP HR
7 1 (0.022%) Exstream
7 1 (0.022%) Remedy ITSM
7 1 (0.022%) SAP FI
7 1 (0.022%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 819 (18.14%) Amazon AWS
2 656 (14.53%) Microsoft Azure
3 248 (5.49%) GitHub
4 133 (2.95%) Serverless
5 122 (2.70%) Google Cloud Platform
6 90 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
7 79 (1.75%) AWS Lambda
8 77 (1.71%) Slack
9 65 (1.44%) SaaS
10 62 (1.37%) BrowserStack
11 61 (1.35%) PaaS
12 50 (1.11%) Cloud Computing
13 48 (1.06%) Amazon SQS
14 47 (1.04%) Sauce Labs
15 42 (0.93%) npm
16 36 (0.80%) Apigee
17 32 (0.71%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 28 (0.62%) OpenShift
19 26 (0.58%) IaaS
20 24 (0.53%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 142 (3.15%) HTTP
2 51 (1.13%) Internet
3 47 (1.04%) AMQP
4 24 (0.53%) SSL
5 18 (0.40%) DNS
6 16 (0.35%) Kerberos
6 16 (0.35%) TCP/IP
7 14 (0.31%) VPN
8 13 (0.29%) FTP
9 10 (0.22%) HTTPS
10 7 (0.16%) Firewall
11 5 (0.11%) Reverse Proxy
12 3 (0.066%) BIG-IP
12 3 (0.066%) LAN
12 3 (0.066%) SSH
13 2 (0.044%) Network Security
13 2 (0.044%) Skype
14 1 (0.022%) FIX Connectivity
14 1 (0.022%) ZigBee
14 1 (0.022%) Z-Wave
Database & Business Intelligence
1 550 (12.18%) NoSQL
2 443 (9.81%) SQL Server
3 391 (8.66%) MongoDB
4 354 (7.84%) PostgreSQL
5 280 (6.20%) Relational Database
6 263 (5.83%) MySQL
7 240 (5.32%) Hadoop
8 201 (4.45%) Big Data
9 176 (3.90%) Apache Cassandra
10 133 (2.95%) HBase
11 81 (1.79%) Couchbase
12 62 (1.37%) Redis
13 58 (1.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 52 (1.15%) Apache Hive
15 49 (1.09%) Azure SQL Database
16 48 (1.06%) RDBMS
17 38 (0.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 37 (0.82%) Impala
19 33 (0.73%) Neo4j
20 32 (0.71%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,255 (27.80%) Git (software)
2 1,240 (27.46%) Jenkins
3 1,009 (22.35%) Selenium
4 907 (20.09%) Cucumber
5 835 (18.49%) JIRA
6 604 (13.38%) Maven
7 441 (9.77%) JUnit
8 354 (7.84%) WebDriver
9 275 (6.09%) SpecFlow
10 273 (6.05%) JMeter
11 238 (5.27%) Subversion
12 210 (4.65%) Mockito
13 208 (4.61%) SoapUI
14 207 (4.58%) Gradle
15 170 (3.77%) Team Foundation Server
16 162 (3.59%) TeamCity
17 145 (3.21%) Visual Studio Team System
18 140 (3.10%) Protractor
19 134 (2.97%) SonarQube
20 130 (2.88%) Jasmine
General
1 691 (15.30%) Finance
2 383 (8.48%) Banking
3 179 (3.96%) Retail
4 89 (1.97%) Games
5 78 (1.73%) Front Office
6 60 (1.33%) Investment Banking
7 59 (1.31%) Telecoms
8 57 (1.26%) Marketing
9 36 (0.80%) Advertising
10 34 (0.75%) Back Office
11 30 (0.66%) Law
12 21 (0.47%) Publishing
13 16 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
14 14 (0.31%) Financial Institution
15 13 (0.29%) Manufacturing
16 11 (0.24%) Legal
17 10 (0.22%) Automotive
17 10 (0.22%) Retail Banking
18 5 (0.11%) Electronics
19 3 (0.066%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,777 (61.51%) Developer
2 1,054 (23.34%) Java Developer
3 451 (9.99%) Senior Developer
4 368 (8.15%) .NET Developer
5 351 (7.77%) Analyst
6 323 (7.15%) C# Developer
7 299 (6.62%) Tester
8 273 (6.05%) React Developer
9 254 (5.63%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 230 (5.09%) JavaScript Developer
11 227 (5.03%) Full Stack Developer
12 216 (4.78%) Automation Tester
13 206 (4.56%) Test Engineer
14 188 (4.16%) Test Analyst
15 183 (4.05%) Agile Developer
16 177 (3.92%) Senior Java Developer
17 166 (3.68%) Angular Developer
18 156 (3.46%) Software Engineer
19 144 (3.19%) C# .NET Developer
20 140 (3.10%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,025 (22.70%) Spring
2 969 (21.46%) REST
3 911 (20.18%) HTML
4 888 (19.67%) CSS
5 806 (17.85%) .NET
6 800 (17.72%) AngularJS
7 748 (16.57%) Web Services
8 730 (16.17%) RESTful
9 656 (14.53%) Node.js
10 586 (12.98%) React
11 526 (11.65%) Spring Boot
12 453 (10.03%) HTML5
13 421 (9.32%) Hibernate
14 384 (8.50%) JSON
15 320 (7.09%) SOAP
16 293 (6.49%) ASP.NET
17 288 (6.38%) Kafka
18 253 (5.60%) J2EE
19 251 (5.56%) Gherkin
20 249 (5.51%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 502 (11.12%) Greenfield Project
2 288 (6.38%) User Experience
3 216 (4.78%) Analytical Skills
4 173 (3.83%) Fintech
4 173 (3.83%) Mobile App
5 102 (2.26%) Enterprise Software
6 75 (1.66%) Virtual Team
7 74 (1.64%) Self-Motivation
8 68 (1.51%) Algorithms
9 57 (1.26%) iPad
10 56 (1.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 50 (1.11%) Data Structures
12 42 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
13 38 (0.84%) Management Information System
14 36 (0.80%) Equities
15 33 (0.73%) Cloud Native
16 30 (0.66%) Reference Data
17 29 (0.64%) Video\Live Streaming
18 27 (0.60%) Derivative
18 27 (0.60%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 493 (10.92%) Linux
2 269 (5.96%) Unix
3 121 (2.68%) Android
3 121 (2.68%) Windows
4 118 (2.61%) Apple iOS
5 38 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 33 (0.73%) Mac OS X
7 23 (0.51%) VMS
8 12 (0.27%) Ubuntu
9 9 (0.20%) CentOS
9 9 (0.20%) Solaris
10 7 (0.16%) Mac OS
11 5 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
11 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.066%) Android TV
12 3 (0.066%) tvOS
13 2 (0.044%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.044%) Windows Server
14 1 (0.022%) Tizen
14 1 (0.022%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,444 (76.28%) Agile Software Development
2 3,390 (75.08%) TDD
3 1,614 (35.75%) Test Automation
4 1,424 (31.54%) Scrum
5 1,159 (25.67%) Continuous Integration
6 1,056 (23.39%) Microservices
7 790 (17.50%) DevOps
8 778 (17.23%) Kanban
9 573 (12.69%) Software Engineering
10 546 (12.09%) MVC
11 484 (10.72%) Pair Programming
12 454 (10.06%) Unit Testing
13 426 (9.44%) OO
14 385 (8.53%) Continuous Delivery
15 382 (8.46%) Front End Development
16 371 (8.22%) User Stories
17 345 (7.64%) E-Commerce
18 342 (7.57%) Open Source
19 316 (7.00%) Problem-Solving
20 299 (6.62%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2,229 (49.37%) Java
2 1,545 (34.22%) JavaScript
3 924 (20.47%) C#
4 848 (18.78%) SQL
5 581 (12.87%) Java 8
6 418 (9.26%) Python
7 295 (6.53%) Scala
8 227 (5.03%) TypeScript
9 202 (4.47%) ES6
10 161 (3.57%) Ruby
11 120 (2.66%) Groovy
12 116 (2.57%) PHP
13 94 (2.08%) PL/SQL
14 84 (1.86%) T-SQL
15 77 (1.71%) Shell Script
16 66 (1.46%) Java 9
17 63 (1.40%) Apple Swift
18 48 (1.06%) Go
18 48 (1.06%) Kotlin
19 47 (1.04%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 289 (6.40%) Security Cleared
2 241 (5.34%) SC Cleared
3 220 (4.87%) Degree
4 89 (1.97%) ISTQB
5 76 (1.68%) BPSS Clearance
6 73 (1.62%) ISEB
7 49 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
8 21 (0.47%) DV Cleared
9 18 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 15 (0.33%) Master's Degree
11 13 (0.29%) AWS Certification
12 10 (0.22%) DBS Check
13 9 (0.20%) Sun Certification
14 7 (0.16%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 7 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
15 5 (0.11%) ISEB Practitioner
16 4 (0.089%) BC Cleared
17 3 (0.066%) CTC Cleared
17 3 (0.066%) OCPJP
18 2 (0.044%) IIBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 627 (13.89%) QA
2 43 (0.95%) Data Quality
3 26 (0.58%) WCAG
4 18 (0.40%) PMO
5 14 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
6 7 (0.16%) GDPR
6 7 (0.16%) MiFID
7 5 (0.11%) EMIR
8 4 (0.089%) HL7
9 3 (0.066%) PCI DSS
9 3 (0.066%) SLA
10 1 (0.022%) PSD2
System Software
1 815 (18.05%) Docker
2 69 (1.53%) HDFS
3 59 (1.31%) VMware Infrastructure
4 57 (1.26%) vSphere
5 56 (1.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 14 (0.31%) Active Directory
7 8 (0.18%) VirtualBox
8 7 (0.16%) Apache Flume
9 5 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
9 5 (0.11%) vCloud
10 4 (0.089%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.022%) IAG
11 1 (0.022%) LXC
Systems Management
1 309 (6.84%) Ansible
2 282 (6.25%) Kubernetes
3 204 (4.52%) Puppet
4 143 (3.17%) Terraform
5 135 (2.99%) Opscode Chef
6 72 (1.59%) Cobbler
7 68 (1.51%) Hadoop YARN
8 54 (1.20%) Kibana
9 39 (0.86%) logstash
10 34 (0.75%) Grafana
11 23 (0.51%) Nessus
12 21 (0.47%) HP Quality Center
13 18 (0.40%) Oozie
14 15 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
15 14 (0.31%) Mesos
16 11 (0.24%) Packer
17 10 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
18 9 (0.20%) Prometheus
19 7 (0.16%) Graylog
19 7 (0.16%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 269 (5.96%) Oracle
2 266 (5.89%) Microsoft
3 151 (3.34%) Google
4 95 (2.10%) Atlassian
5 73 (1.62%) IBM
6 70 (1.55%) VMware
7 67 (1.48%) Splunk
8 47 (1.04%) Pega
9 39 (0.86%) hybris
10 37 (0.82%) Sybase
11 32 (0.71%) Adobe
12 31 (0.69%) TIBCO
13 27 (0.60%) Cloudera
13 27 (0.60%) Salesforce.com
14 26 (0.58%) Apple
15 25 (0.55%) Cypress Semiconductor
16 24 (0.53%) Talend
17 22 (0.49%) Informatica
18 21 (0.47%) Perforce
18 21 (0.47%) SAP