Period
to 22 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 22 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 51 54 60
Rank change year-on-year +3 +6 +14
Contract jobs citing BDD 4,380 3,674 3,791
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.24% 3.70% 3.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.92% 4.31% 4.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,257 2,826 2,967
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +8.24%
10th Percentile £363 £345 £325
90th Percentile £625 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £438
% change year-on-year +5.88% -2.86% +16.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 10 14
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £41.25 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.21% -8.33% +20.00%
10th Percentile £18.65 £31.50 £31.40
90th Percentile £48.00 £58.00 £49.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £41.25 £36.00
% change year-on-year -15.15% +14.58% -4.00%

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,046 85,202 89,754
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.22% 85.74% 85.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,741 56,485 59,254
UK median daily rate £454 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.89% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,410 2,040 2,437
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.93 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.75% +10.78% +3.97%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.43
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -18.00% +11.11% +3.07%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for BDD in the UK

BDD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for BDD in the UK

BDD
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 4,157 £500 +5.26% 940
London +6 2,510 £525 +5.00% 440
UK excluding London +10 1,842 £450 +5.88% 573
South East +27 599 £488 +8.33% 144
North of England +7 528 £425 - 143
Midlands +9 254 £450 +5.88% 84
North West +11 229 £439 +4.78% 60
Yorkshire -11 204 £425 - 67
West Midlands +16 171 £457 +5.86% 50
South West +9 163 £425 +13.33% 77
Scotland -9 144 £438 +9.38% 51
East of England -8 106 £538 +22.16% 52
North East +28 96 £395 -7.06% 16
East Midlands +19 79 £400 -5.88% 34
Wales +8 44 £425 - 14
Northern Ireland +36 7 £361 -3.73% 8

For the 6 months to 22 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for BDD.

1 3,370 (76.94%) Agile Software Development
2 3,316 (75.71%) TDD
3 2,215 (50.57%) Java
4 1,514 (34.57%) Test Automation
5 1,441 (32.90%) Scrum
6 1,416 (32.33%) JavaScript
7 1,183 (27.01%) Git (software)
8 1,158 (26.44%) Jenkins
9 1,094 (24.98%) Continuous Integration
10 1,002 (22.88%) Microservices
11 980 (22.37%) Spring
12 950 (21.69%) Selenium
13 896 (20.46%) C#
14 888 (20.27%) Cucumber
15 873 (19.93%) REST
16 838 (19.13%) HTML
17 830 (18.95%) SQL
18 804 (18.36%) CSS
19 802 (18.31%) .NET
20 790 (18.04%) Kanban
21 780 (17.81%) Amazon AWS
22 773 (17.65%) DevOps
23 752 (17.17%) Docker
24 729 (16.64%) JIRA
25 707 (16.14%) RESTful
26 706 (16.12%) AngularJS
27 697 (15.91%) Web Services
28 684 (15.62%) Finance
29 650 (14.84%) Node.js
30 617 (14.09%) Microsoft Azure

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 417 (9.52%) Confluence
2 175 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
3 149 (3.40%) Apache Spark
4 125 (2.85%) JBoss
5 123 (2.81%) Apache
6 105 (2.40%) Tomcat
7 78 (1.78%) Jetty
8 73 (1.67%) CMS
9 68 (1.55%) NServiceBus
10 62 (1.42%) Cloud Foundry
11 56 (1.28%) MQSeries
12 55 (1.26%) WebSphere
13 52 (1.19%) WebLogic
14 43 (0.98%) Apache Solr
15 36 (0.82%) Mule
16 34 (0.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 30 (0.68%) Documentum
18 23 (0.53%) Apache Airflow
19 22 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 16 (0.37%) GemFire
Applications
1 24 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
2 15 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
3 11 (0.25%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.23%) Chatbot
5 9 (0.21%) Photoshop
6 7 (0.16%) InVision
7 5 (0.11%) GIMP
7 5 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
8 4 (0.091%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.046%) S-PLUS
9 2 (0.046%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.023%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.023%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 31 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.23%) Magento
3 8 (0.18%) Eloqua
3 8 (0.18%) Endur
4 7 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
5 5 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
6 3 (0.068%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.068%) Oracle CRM
6 3 (0.068%) Siebel CRM
7 2 (0.046%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 2 (0.046%) SAP FI
7 2 (0.046%) Summit
8 1 (0.023%) Adobe Campaign
8 1 (0.023%) Exstream
8 1 (0.023%) FastStats
8 1 (0.023%) LatentZero
8 1 (0.023%) Minerva
8 1 (0.023%) Shopify
8 1 (0.023%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 780 (17.81%) Amazon AWS
2 617 (14.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 195 (4.45%) GitHub
4 115 (2.63%) Google Cloud Platform
5 109 (2.49%) Serverless
6 81 (1.85%) Amazon EC2
7 73 (1.67%) BrowserStack
8 63 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
9 61 (1.39%) Slack
10 58 (1.32%) AWS Lambda
11 54 (1.23%) PaaS
12 53 (1.21%) Heroku
12 53 (1.21%) Sauce Labs
13 49 (1.12%) SaaS
14 46 (1.05%) npm
15 40 (0.91%) Amazon SQS
16 34 (0.78%) Apigee
17 28 (0.64%) IaaS
18 27 (0.62%) OpenShift
19 23 (0.53%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 124 (2.83%) HTTP
2 48 (1.10%) AMQP
2 48 (1.10%) Internet
3 27 (0.62%) DNS
3 27 (0.62%) SSL
4 24 (0.55%) TCP/IP
5 20 (0.46%) FTP
6 16 (0.37%) Kerberos
7 13 (0.30%) HTTPS
8 11 (0.25%) VPN
9 8 (0.18%) Reverse Proxy
10 4 (0.091%) Firewall
10 4 (0.091%) FIX Connectivity
10 4 (0.091%) MQTT
11 3 (0.068%) BIG-IP
11 3 (0.068%) Network Security
11 3 (0.068%) PuTTY
11 3 (0.068%) WinSCP
12 2 (0.046%) Skype
12 2 (0.046%) WEP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 533 (12.17%) NoSQL
2 407 (9.29%) SQL Server
3 372 (8.49%) MongoDB
4 358 (8.17%) PostgreSQL
5 257 (5.87%) MySQL
6 234 (5.34%) Relational Database
7 209 (4.77%) Hadoop
8 193 (4.41%) Big Data
9 159 (3.63%) Apache Cassandra
10 109 (2.49%) HBase
11 80 (1.83%) Couchbase
12 62 (1.42%) Redis
13 55 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 49 (1.12%) Amazon Redshift
15 48 (1.10%) Apache Hive
16 44 (1.00%) Azure SQL Database
17 42 (0.96%) RDBMS
18 30 (0.68%) Neo4j
19 28 (0.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 26 (0.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,183 (27.01%) Git (software)
2 1,158 (26.44%) Jenkins
3 950 (21.69%) Selenium
4 888 (20.27%) Cucumber
5 729 (16.64%) JIRA
6 578 (13.20%) Maven
7 403 (9.20%) JUnit
8 348 (7.95%) WebDriver
9 279 (6.37%) SpecFlow
10 227 (5.18%) JMeter
11 218 (4.98%) Mockito
12 205 (4.68%) SoapUI
13 196 (4.47%) Subversion
14 174 (3.97%) Gradle
15 160 (3.65%) TeamCity
16 148 (3.38%) SonarQube
17 137 (3.13%) Team Foundation Server
18 114 (2.60%) Protractor
19 108 (2.47%) Jasmine
20 98 (2.24%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 684 (15.62%) Finance
2 401 (9.16%) Banking
3 188 (4.29%) Retail
4 106 (2.42%) Games
5 73 (1.67%) Investment Banking
6 62 (1.42%) Front Office
6 62 (1.42%) Telecoms
7 51 (1.16%) Marketing
8 34 (0.78%) Advertising
9 31 (0.71%) Publishing
10 29 (0.66%) Back Office
11 27 (0.62%) Law
12 22 (0.50%) Financial Institution
13 14 (0.32%) Retail Banking
14 12 (0.27%) Legal
14 12 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
15 9 (0.21%) Manufacturing
16 7 (0.16%) Automotive
17 4 (0.091%) Wholesale Banking
18 2 (0.046%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,656 (60.64%) Developer
2 1,049 (23.95%) Java Developer
3 425 (9.70%) Senior Developer
4 367 (8.38%) .NET Developer
5 337 (7.69%) Analyst
6 317 (7.24%) C# Developer
7 301 (6.87%) Tester
8 253 (5.78%) React Developer
9 225 (5.14%) Automation Tester
10 203 (4.63%) JavaScript Developer
11 200 (4.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 191 (4.36%) Full Stack Developer
13 187 (4.27%) Senior Java Developer
14 183 (4.18%) Test Engineer
15 182 (4.16%) Test Analyst
16 162 (3.70%) Software Engineer
17 160 (3.65%) Agile Developer
18 155 (3.54%) Angular Developer
19 140 (3.20%) C# .NET Developer
20 120 (2.74%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 980 (22.37%) Spring
2 873 (19.93%) REST
3 838 (19.13%) HTML
4 804 (18.36%) CSS
5 802 (18.31%) .NET
6 707 (16.14%) RESTful
7 706 (16.12%) AngularJS
8 697 (15.91%) Web Services
9 650 (14.84%) Node.js
10 532 (12.15%) React
11 491 (11.21%) Spring Boot
12 433 (9.89%) HTML5
13 395 (9.02%) Hibernate
14 343 (7.83%) JSON
15 329 (7.51%) SOAP
16 313 (7.15%) ASP.NET
17 263 (6.00%) Kafka
18 244 (5.57%) XML
19 243 (5.55%) CSS3
20 241 (5.50%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 470 (10.73%) Greenfield Project
2 314 (7.17%) User Experience
3 200 (4.57%) Analytical Skills
4 172 (3.93%) Mobile App
5 170 (3.88%) Fintech
6 112 (2.56%) Enterprise Software
7 92 (2.10%) Computer Science
8 87 (1.99%) iPad
9 66 (1.51%) Algorithms
10 64 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
11 54 (1.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 53 (1.21%) Data Structures
13 47 (1.07%) Virtual Team
14 40 (0.91%) Equities
15 32 (0.73%) Derivative
15 32 (0.73%) Management Information System
16 31 (0.71%) Blog
16 31 (0.71%) Fixed Income
16 31 (0.71%) Video\Live Streaming
17 29 (0.66%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 503 (11.48%) Linux
2 247 (5.64%) Unix
3 139 (3.17%) Windows
4 120 (2.74%) Apple iOS
5 113 (2.58%) Android
6 36 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 26 (0.59%) Mac OS X
8 18 (0.41%) VMS
9 12 (0.27%) Ubuntu
10 8 (0.18%) Mac OS
10 8 (0.18%) Solaris
11 7 (0.16%) CentOS
11 7 (0.16%) Windows Server
12 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
13 4 (0.091%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.046%) Windows Server 2008
15 1 (0.023%) Kali Linux
15 1 (0.023%) Tizen
15 1 (0.023%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.023%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,370 (76.94%) Agile Software Development
2 3,316 (75.71%) TDD
3 1,514 (34.57%) Test Automation
4 1,441 (32.90%) Scrum
5 1,094 (24.98%) Continuous Integration
6 1,002 (22.88%) Microservices
7 790 (18.04%) Kanban
8 773 (17.65%) DevOps
9 583 (13.31%) Software Engineering
10 570 (13.01%) MVC
11 480 (10.96%) Pair Programming
12 448 (10.23%) Unit Testing
13 421 (9.61%) OO
14 380 (8.68%) Continuous Delivery
14 380 (8.68%) E-Commerce
15 339 (7.74%) User Stories
16 338 (7.72%) Open Source
17 332 (7.58%) Front End Development
18 309 (7.05%) Mentoring
19 290 (6.62%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,215 (50.57%) Java
2 1,416 (32.33%) JavaScript
3 896 (20.46%) C#
4 830 (18.95%) SQL
5 579 (13.22%) Java 8
6 437 (9.98%) Python
7 325 (7.42%) Scala
8 195 (4.45%) Ruby
9 191 (4.36%) TypeScript
10 163 (3.72%) Groovy
11 162 (3.70%) ES6
12 113 (2.58%) PHP
13 102 (2.33%) T-SQL
14 95 (2.17%) Bash Shell
15 74 (1.69%) Apple Swift
15 74 (1.69%) PL/SQL
16 64 (1.46%) Shell Script
17 60 (1.37%) PowerShell
18 57 (1.30%) C++
19 56 (1.28%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 285 (6.51%) Security Cleared
2 247 (5.64%) SC Cleared
3 186 (4.25%) Degree
4 93 (2.12%) ISTQB
5 81 (1.85%) ISEB
6 56 (1.28%) BPSS Clearance
7 51 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
8 20 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 18 (0.41%) Master's Degree
10 13 (0.30%) AWS Certification
11 9 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
12 7 (0.16%) DBS Check
13 6 (0.14%) DV Cleared
13 6 (0.14%) Numerate Degree
14 5 (0.11%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 3 (0.068%) BC Cleared
16 2 (0.046%) CTC Cleared
16 2 (0.046%) IIBA
16 2 (0.046%) OCPJP
16 2 (0.046%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 602 (13.74%) QA
2 23 (0.53%) PMO
3 20 (0.46%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.27%) WCAG
5 11 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
6 10 (0.23%) GDPR
7 9 (0.21%) MiFID
8 8 (0.18%) EMIR
9 4 (0.091%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.068%) SLA
11 2 (0.046%) Dodd-Frank
11 2 (0.046%) HL7
11 2 (0.046%) PSD2
11 2 (0.046%) WAI
System Software
1 752 (17.17%) Docker
2 55 (1.26%) VMware Infrastructure
2 55 (1.26%) vSphere
3 54 (1.23%) HDFS
4 45 (1.03%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 12 (0.27%) Active Directory
6 10 (0.23%) VirtualBox
7 9 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
8 5 (0.11%) vCloud
9 4 (0.091%) Apache Flume
10 3 (0.068%) Microsoft App-V
11 1 (0.023%) IAG
11 1 (0.023%) LXC
11 1 (0.023%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 310 (7.08%) Ansible
2 296 (6.76%) Kubernetes
3 210 (4.79%) Puppet
4 156 (3.56%) Terraform
5 133 (3.04%) Opscode Chef
6 63 (1.44%) Cobbler
7 60 (1.37%) Kibana
8 51 (1.16%) Hadoop YARN
9 44 (1.00%) logstash
10 42 (0.96%) Grafana
11 36 (0.82%) Mesos
12 28 (0.64%) Packer
13 23 (0.53%) Consul
14 21 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
14 21 (0.48%) Nagios
15 15 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
15 15 (0.34%) Oozie
16 10 (0.23%) Single Sign-On
17 9 (0.21%) HAProxy
17 9 (0.21%) Nessus
Vendors
1 269 (6.14%) Microsoft
2 253 (5.78%) Oracle
3 126 (2.88%) Google
4 90 (2.05%) IBM
5 82 (1.87%) Atlassian
6 70 (1.60%) Splunk
7 67 (1.53%) VMware
8 35 (0.80%) Adobe
8 35 (0.80%) TIBCO
9 34 (0.78%) Sybase
10 33 (0.75%) hybris
11 29 (0.66%) Pega
11 29 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
12 26 (0.59%) Apple
12 26 (0.59%) New Relic
13 25 (0.57%) MuleSoft
14 23 (0.53%) AppDynamics
14 23 (0.53%) HP
15 22 (0.50%) Informatica
16 20 (0.46%) Cloudera