Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > Scotland
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 12 12 20
Rank change year-on-year 0 +8 +4
Contract jobs citing Linux 447 465 329
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 8.55% 9.40% 7.91%
As % of the Operating Systems category 41.66% 47.94% 33.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 228 234 155
Scotland median daily rate £425 £425 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +13.33% -
10th Percentile £313 £308 £277
90th Percentile £538 £596 £458
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 10
Scotland median hourly rate £35.00 £22.25 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +57.30% -47.02% -23.64%
10th Percentile £32.00 £14.53 £14.79
90th Percentile £41.40 £29.78 £52.00
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.65 £40.00
% change year-on-year +5.77% +1.63% +5.96%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 1,073 970 982
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 20.53% 19.60% 23.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 615 494 548
Scotland median daily rate £388 £393 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.15% +20.77% -4.41%
10th Percentile £126 £158 £157
90th Percentile £526 £550 £450
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 52 41
Scotland median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.94% -9.33%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.72 £13.00
90th Percentile £44.27 £37.25 £44.50
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.29
% change year-on-year -0.03% +7.43% -1.27%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Scotland

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in Scotland

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Scotland over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in Scotland

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in Scotland

Linux
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh -7 219 £425 -5.56% 42
Glasgow +1 179 £435 +2.35% 24
Renfrewshire +10 20 £325 -
Fife +8 6 £425 +32.81% 4
West Lothian +8 3 £375 - 4
South Lanarkshire -2 3 £213 -57.50%
Dundee -6 3 £325 - 1
West Dunbartonshire +4 2 £413 +10.00%
Aberdeen +14 1 £450 +12.50% 1
Scottish Borders -1 1 £525 +5.00%
Aberdeenshire - 1 - -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Linux.

1 196 (43.85%) Agile Software Development
2 158 (35.35%) Python
3 149 (33.33%) Windows
4 145 (32.44%) DevOps
5 138 (30.87%) Java
6 134 (29.98%) Jenkins
7 132 (29.53%) Finance
8 131 (29.31%) SQL
9 121 (27.07%) Ansible
10 119 (26.62%) Perl
11 110 (24.61%) Unix
12 106 (23.71%) Git (software)
13 98 (21.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 90 (20.13%) Oracle
15 86 (19.24%) Continuous Integration
16 85 (19.02%) Amazon AWS
17 78 (17.45%) Docker
18 73 (16.33%) Bash Shell
19 63 (14.09%) Puppet
19 63 (14.09%) Continuous Delivery
20 60 (13.42%) Spring
21 58 (12.98%) Software Engineering
22 56 (12.53%) Terraform
23 55 (12.30%) Security Cleared
24 53 (11.86%) Red Hat
25 49 (10.96%) Kanban
26 48 (10.74%) Scrum
27 47 (10.51%) Configuration Management
28 46 (10.29%) MySQL
29 45 (10.07%) Test Automation

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (8.28%) Apache
2 22 (4.92%) Tomcat
3 15 (3.36%) nginx
4 10 (2.24%) Confluence
5 9 (2.01%) IIS
5 9 (2.01%) JBoss
6 8 (1.79%) WebSphere
7 7 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
8 4 (0.89%) SAS
9 3 (0.67%) Apache Qpid
9 3 (0.67%) Apache Spark
9 3 (0.67%) SharePoint
10 2 (0.45%) Alfresco
10 2 (0.45%) IBM Domino
10 2 (0.45%) Skype for Business
11 1 (0.22%) CMS
11 1 (0.22%) Drupal
11 1 (0.22%) WebSphere Application Server
11 1 (0.22%) WebSphere Portal
11 1 (0.22%) WordPress
Applications
1 4 (0.89%) MS Visio
2 3 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (0.67%) Oracle Cash Management
2 2 (0.45%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.22%) Magento
3 1 (0.22%) Markit EDM
3 1 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.22%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 85 (19.02%) Amazon AWS
2 31 (6.94%) GitHub
3 28 (6.26%) OpenShift
4 24 (5.37%) AWS CloudFormation
5 20 (4.47%) Microsoft Azure
6 18 (4.03%) IaaS
7 15 (3.36%) PaaS
8 10 (2.24%) Office 365
9 9 (2.01%) Datadog
10 7 (1.57%) SaaS
11 6 (1.34%) OneDrive
12 5 (1.12%) Google Cloud Platform
12 5 (1.12%) npm
13 4 (0.89%) AWS Lambda
13 4 (0.89%) Serverless
13 4 (0.89%) Yarn
14 3 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
15 2 (0.45%) Amazon Glacier
16 1 (0.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 1 (0.22%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 33 (7.38%) Firewall
2 28 (6.26%) DNS
3 23 (5.15%) SAN
4 16 (3.58%) TCP/IP
5 13 (2.91%) SSL
6 12 (2.68%) HTTP
7 8 (1.79%) DSL
8 7 (1.57%) iSCSI
9 6 (1.34%) HSPA
9 6 (1.34%) Kerberos
9 6 (1.34%) WAN
9 6 (1.34%) Wireshark
10 3 (0.67%) DHCP
10 3 (0.67%) Internet
10 3 (0.67%) NAS
10 3 (0.67%) Network Security
10 3 (0.67%) SMS
10 3 (0.67%) VLAN
11 2 (0.45%) Unified Communications
11 2 (0.45%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 46 (10.29%) MySQL
2 42 (9.40%) SQL Server
3 39 (8.72%) Relational Database
4 38 (8.50%) PostgreSQL
5 26 (5.82%) Hadoop
6 25 (5.59%) MongoDB
7 19 (4.25%) ArangoDB
7 19 (4.25%) Neo4j
8 18 (4.03%) MariaDB
9 16 (3.58%) NoSQL
10 14 (3.13%) DB2
11 13 (2.91%) Oracle Database
12 11 (2.46%) Big Data
13 10 (2.24%) RDBMS
14 8 (1.79%) Oracle Database 10g
15 7 (1.57%) Oracle Database 11g
16 6 (1.34%) MSDE
17 5 (1.12%) Oracle Database 12c
18 4 (0.89%) Apache Cassandra
18 4 (0.89%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 134 (29.98%) Jenkins
2 106 (23.71%) Git (software)
3 29 (6.49%) Subversion
4 27 (6.04%) Artifactory
5 26 (5.82%) Maven
6 25 (5.59%) JUnit
6 25 (5.59%) TeamCity
7 21 (4.70%) GitLab
8 20 (4.47%) JIRA
9 17 (3.80%) Cucumber
10 15 (3.36%) GoCD
11 12 (2.68%) Sonatype Nexus
12 11 (2.46%) Gradle
13 10 (2.24%) Bitbucket
13 10 (2.24%) Hudson
14 9 (2.01%) Mockito
15 8 (1.79%) IBM UrbanCode
15 8 (1.79%) Selenium
16 7 (1.57%) Octopus Deploy
16 7 (1.57%) Vagrant
General
1 132 (29.53%) Finance
2 44 (9.84%) Banking
3 14 (3.13%) Law
4 9 (2.01%) Investment Banking
5 6 (1.34%) Retail Banking
6 4 (0.89%) Front Office
6 4 (0.89%) Publishing
7 2 (0.45%) Games
7 2 (0.45%) Marketing
7 2 (0.45%) Retail
7 2 (0.45%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.22%) German Language
8 1 (0.22%) Legal
8 1 (0.22%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 118 (26.40%) Developer
2 75 (16.78%) DevOps Engineer
3 54 (12.08%) Java Developer
4 32 (7.16%) Cloud Engineer
5 27 (6.04%) Administrator
6 25 (5.59%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 24 (5.37%) Support Engineer
8 23 (5.15%) Linux Engineer
8 23 (5.15%) Python Developer
9 22 (4.92%) Applications Engineer
9 22 (4.92%) Applications Support
9 22 (4.92%) Applications Support Engineer
9 22 (4.92%) DBA
10 19 (4.25%) Senior Developer
11 17 (3.80%) Architect
12 16 (3.58%) Operations Engineer
13 15 (3.36%) Analyst
13 15 (3.36%) AWS Engineer
14 14 (3.13%) Systems Administrator
15 12 (2.68%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 60 (13.42%) Spring
2 35 (7.83%) HTML
2 35 (7.83%) SOAP
3 33 (7.38%) AngularJS
4 27 (6.04%) JSON
4 27 (6.04%) REST
4 27 (6.04%) RESTful
5 25 (5.59%) Web Services
6 21 (4.70%) CSS
7 20 (4.47%) React
7 20 (4.47%) XML
8 18 (4.03%) Elastic Stack
8 18 (4.03%) LDAP
9 16 (3.58%) Spring Boot
10 15 (3.36%) Kafka
11 14 (3.13%) Sass
12 13 (2.91%) jQuery
12 13 (2.91%) Middleware
12 13 (2.91%) Node.js
13 12 (2.68%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 25 (5.59%) Data Centre
2 22 (4.92%) Analytical Skills
3 15 (3.36%) Private Cloud
4 14 (3.13%) Clustering
4 14 (3.13%) Cyberthreat
4 14 (3.13%) Replication
5 12 (2.68%) Enterprise Software
6 9 (2.01%) Public Cloud
7 7 (1.57%) Greenfield Project
7 7 (1.57%) Management Information System
7 7 (1.57%) User Experience
8 5 (1.12%) Data Structures
8 5 (1.12%) Equities
8 5 (1.12%) Oracle Licensing
9 4 (0.89%) Device Driver
9 4 (0.89%) Mainframe
10 3 (0.67%) Client/Server
11 2 (0.45%) Hybrid Cloud
11 2 (0.45%) Linux Command Line
12 1 (0.22%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 149 (33.33%) Windows
2 110 (24.61%) Unix
3 98 (21.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 42 (9.40%) Solaris
5 28 (6.26%) Windows Server
6 17 (3.80%) AIX
6 17 (3.80%) CentOS
7 9 (2.01%) Ubuntu
8 4 (0.89%) Data ONTAP
8 4 (0.89%) FreeRTOS
9 3 (0.67%) HPUX
9 3 (0.67%) Windows Server 2008
10 2 (0.45%) Android
10 2 (0.45%) Debian
10 2 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.45%) zOS
11 1 (0.22%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.22%) Mac OS
11 1 (0.22%) Windows 7
11 1 (0.22%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 196 (43.85%) Agile Software Development
2 145 (32.44%) DevOps
3 86 (19.24%) Continuous Integration
4 63 (14.09%) Continuous Delivery
5 58 (12.98%) Software Engineering
6 49 (10.96%) Kanban
7 48 (10.74%) Scrum
8 47 (10.51%) Configuration Management
9 45 (10.07%) Test Automation
10 37 (8.28%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 36 (8.05%) ITIL
12 33 (7.38%) SDLC
12 33 (7.38%) TDD
13 32 (7.16%) Microservices
13 32 (7.16%) OO
14 31 (6.94%) Unit Testing
15 30 (6.71%) Data Protection
16 26 (5.82%) Migration
17 25 (5.59%) Change Management
18 22 (4.92%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 158 (35.35%) Python
2 138 (30.87%) Java
3 131 (29.31%) SQL
4 119 (26.62%) Perl
5 73 (16.33%) Bash Shell
6 44 (9.84%) JavaScript
7 43 (9.62%) Shell Script
8 39 (8.72%) Ruby
9 36 (8.05%) Go
10 31 (6.94%) C++
11 27 (6.04%) PowerShell
12 25 (5.59%) Java 8
13 22 (4.92%) C#
13 22 (4.92%) PHP
14 15 (3.36%) Groovy
15 12 (2.68%) Scala
16 8 (1.79%) PL/SQL
17 7 (1.57%) C-shell
17 7 (1.57%) Korn
18 5 (1.12%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 55 (12.30%) Security Cleared
2 36 (8.05%) SC Cleared
3 20 (4.47%) CISSP
4 19 (4.25%) CISM
5 15 (3.36%) DV Cleared
6 9 (2.01%) Degree
7 5 (1.12%) AWS Certification
7 5 (1.12%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.67%) BC Cleared
8 3 (0.67%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.67%) RHCE
9 2 (0.45%) OCP
9 2 (0.45%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.22%) CESG Certified Professional
10 1 (0.22%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (4.92%) GDPR
2 19 (4.25%) FINRA
3 18 (4.03%) Disclosure Scotland
4 11 (2.46%) SLA
5 6 (1.34%) Data Quality
5 6 (1.34%) QA
6 3 (0.67%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.22%) PMO
System Software
1 78 (17.45%) Docker
2 26 (5.82%) Active Directory
3 24 (5.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (1.57%) EMC RecoverPoint
4 7 (1.57%) Samba
5 6 (1.34%) Firmware
5 6 (1.34%) Virtual Servers
6 5 (1.12%) VMware ESXi
6 5 (1.12%) VMware NSX
7 4 (0.89%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 4 (0.89%) vSphere
8 3 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.67%) XenApp
9 2 (0.45%) NFS
9 2 (0.45%) Postfix
9 2 (0.45%) RHEV
9 2 (0.45%) Varnish
9 2 (0.45%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 2 (0.45%) XenServer
10 1 (0.22%) Xen
Systems Management
1 121 (27.07%) Ansible
2 63 (14.09%) Puppet
3 56 (12.53%) Terraform
4 40 (8.95%) Kubernetes
5 37 (8.28%) Opscode Chef
6 15 (3.36%) SELinux
7 13 (2.91%) Nagios
8 11 (2.46%) Red Hat Satellite
9 10 (2.24%) HAProxy
10 9 (2.01%) Prometheus
11 8 (1.79%) Graphite
11 8 (1.79%) Icinga
11 8 (1.79%) Oracle ZFS
12 7 (1.57%) NetBackup
13 6 (1.34%) Packer
13 6 (1.34%) Xymon
14 5 (1.12%) Control-M
14 5 (1.12%) PowerCLI
15 4 (0.89%) Oracle RMAN
16 3 (0.67%) DatAdvantage
Vendors
1 90 (20.13%) Oracle
2 53 (11.86%) Red Hat
3 44 (9.84%) VMware
4 41 (9.17%) Microsoft
5 24 (5.37%) Varonis
6 23 (5.15%) Sybase
7 22 (4.92%) Symantec
8 21 (4.70%) Cloudera
9 20 (4.47%) Hortonworks
10 19 (4.25%) McAfee
11 16 (3.58%) HP
11 16 (3.58%) Splunk
12 14 (3.13%) IBM
13 13 (2.91%) NetApp
14 10 (2.24%) New Relic
15 9 (2.01%) AppDynamics
15 9 (2.01%) Centrify
16 8 (1.79%) Dell
17 7 (1.57%) Google
18 6 (1.34%) Informatica