Period
to 20 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > Scotland
6 months to
20 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 25 10 19
Rank change year-on-year -15 +9 +4
Contract jobs citing Linux 355 469 465
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 6.51% 9.82% 8.91%
As % of the Operating Systems category 32.96% 44.00% 34.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 184 218 212
Scotland median daily rate £425 £425 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +9.68% +3.33%
10th Percentile £259 £309 £290
90th Percentile £538 £550 £475
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 15
Scotland median hourly rate £23.75 £31.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.39% -13.89% -22.16%
10th Percentile £15.00 £30.50 £14.49
90th Percentile £40.23 £31.50 £42.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 1,077 1,066 1,332
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 19.74% 22.32% 25.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 634 520 703
Scotland median daily rate £375 £375 £344
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +9.01% +0.44%
10th Percentile £133 £150 £180
90th Percentile £514 £530 £475
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 37 43
Scotland median hourly rate £16.76 £15.86 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.67% -55.94% +65.52%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.54 £13.50
90th Percentile £43.00 £28.73 £42.00
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year -0.03% +6.06% +1.85%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Scotland

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in Scotland

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Scotland over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in Scotland

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in Scotland

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Scotland

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Scotland over the 6 months to 20 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in Scotland

Linux
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 20 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Glasgow +2 181 £441 +3.82% 30
Edinburgh -30 128 £431 +1.47% 56
Renfrewshire -12 19 £306 -26.20%
Fife +7 8 £338 +5.47% 2
West Dunbartonshire +2 4 £400 -
Stirling - 3 £500 - 2
West Lothian +7 2 £375 - 1
South Lanarkshire -4 2 £213 -57.50%
Aberdeen +9 1 £450 -2.17% 2
Moray +1 1 £470 -3.59%
Dundee -8 1 - -
Scottish Borders - 1 £525 -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 20 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Linux.

1 138 (38.87%) Agile Software Development
2 127 (35.77%) Unix
3 120 (33.80%) SQL
4 119 (33.52%) Windows
5 113 (31.83%) Python
6 101 (28.45%) Java
7 91 (25.63%) Ansible
7 91 (25.63%) DevOps
8 88 (24.79%) Finance
9 83 (23.38%) Jenkins
10 79 (22.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 78 (21.97%) Oracle
12 74 (20.85%) Git (software)
13 71 (20.00%) Perl
14 58 (16.34%) Amazon AWS
14 58 (16.34%) Continuous Integration
15 51 (14.37%) Red Hat
16 50 (14.08%) Security Cleared
17 49 (13.80%) Shell Script
18 47 (13.24%) Bash Shell
18 47 (13.24%) Docker
19 46 (12.96%) Continuous Delivery
19 46 (12.96%) Configuration Management
19 46 (12.96%) JavaScript
20 45 (12.68%) VMware
20 45 (12.68%) Spring
21 43 (12.11%) ITIL
21 43 (12.11%) AngularJS
21 43 (12.11%) Terraform
22 42 (11.83%) Relational Database

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (7.61%) Apache
2 17 (4.79%) nginx
2 17 (4.79%) Tomcat
3 12 (3.38%) Confluence
4 11 (3.10%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (2.54%) WebSphere
6 8 (2.25%) WebSphere Application Server
7 7 (1.97%) IBM Domino
7 7 (1.97%) Skype for Business
8 6 (1.69%) JBoss
8 6 (1.69%) SharePoint
9 5 (1.41%) IBM Connections
9 5 (1.41%) IIS
10 4 (1.13%) IBM Notes
11 3 (0.85%) Alfresco
11 3 (0.85%) MS Exchange
12 2 (0.56%) Drupal
12 2 (0.56%) MODX
12 2 (0.56%) Office Communications Server
12 2 (0.56%) WordPress
Applications
1 12 (3.38%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.28%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.56%) Markit EDM
1 2 (0.56%) Oracle Cash Management
2 1 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.28%) Oracle Payables
2 1 (0.28%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 58 (16.34%) Amazon AWS
2 20 (5.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 19 (5.35%) AWS CloudFormation
4 17 (4.79%) IaaS
5 16 (4.51%) OpenShift
6 14 (3.94%) GitHub
7 13 (3.66%) PaaS
8 12 (3.38%) Office 365
9 5 (1.41%) Datadog
9 5 (1.41%) npm
9 5 (1.41%) SaaS
10 4 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
11 3 (0.85%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.85%) Dynamics 365
11 3 (0.85%) Serverless
11 3 (0.85%) Yarn
12 2 (0.56%) Google Cloud Platform
12 2 (0.56%) Google Tag Manager
12 2 (0.56%) IBM Cloud
12 2 (0.56%) Mailgun
Communications & Networking
1 35 (9.86%) Firewall
2 22 (6.20%) DNS
3 13 (3.66%) HTTP
4 12 (3.38%) SAN
4 12 (3.38%) TCP/IP
5 11 (3.10%) VPN
6 10 (2.82%) SSL
7 9 (2.54%) DHCP
8 8 (2.25%) DSL
8 8 (2.25%) HSPA
9 7 (1.97%) VLAN
10 6 (1.69%) SMS
11 4 (1.13%) LAN
11 4 (1.13%) Skype
11 4 (1.13%) WAN
11 4 (1.13%) Wireless
12 3 (0.85%) Internet
12 3 (0.85%) Network Security
12 3 (0.85%) Software-Defined Networking
12 3 (0.85%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (11.83%) Relational Database
1 42 (11.83%) SQL Server
2 40 (11.27%) MySQL
3 24 (6.76%) PostgreSQL
4 20 (5.63%) DB2
5 19 (5.35%) NoSQL
6 18 (5.07%) MongoDB
7 15 (4.23%) Neo4j
8 14 (3.94%) Hadoop
8 14 (3.94%) Oracle Database
9 12 (3.38%) ArangoDB
9 12 (3.38%) Big Data
9 12 (3.38%) RDBMS
10 11 (3.10%) MariaDB
11 8 (2.25%) Oracle Database 10g
12 7 (1.97%) Apache Cassandra
12 7 (1.97%) Ingres
12 7 (1.97%) Oracle Database 11g
13 6 (1.69%) MSDE
13 6 (1.69%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 83 (23.38%) Jenkins
2 74 (20.85%) Git (software)
3 27 (7.61%) JIRA
4 25 (7.04%) Artifactory
5 19 (5.35%) Maven
5 19 (5.35%) TeamCity
6 17 (4.79%) GitLab
7 15 (4.23%) Subversion
8 14 (3.94%) Sonatype Nexus
9 13 (3.66%) JUnit
10 11 (3.10%) Bitbucket
11 9 (2.54%) GoCD
11 9 (2.54%) Gradle
12 8 (2.25%) IBM UrbanCode
13 7 (1.97%) SoapUI
14 6 (1.69%) Cucumber
15 5 (1.41%) Selenium
15 5 (1.41%) Vagrant
16 4 (1.13%) Octopus Deploy
17 2 (0.56%) Zephyr
General
1 88 (24.79%) Finance
2 37 (10.42%) Banking
3 3 (0.85%) Front Office
3 3 (0.85%) Investment Banking
3 3 (0.85%) Legal
4 2 (0.56%) Games
4 2 (0.56%) Retail
4 2 (0.56%) Retail Banking
5 1 (0.28%) Advertising
5 1 (0.28%) Back Office
5 1 (0.28%) Financial Institution
5 1 (0.28%) German Language
5 1 (0.28%) Manufacturing
5 1 (0.28%) Marketing
5 1 (0.28%) Prime Brokerage
5 1 (0.28%) Private Banking
5 1 (0.28%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 102 (28.73%) Developer
2 46 (12.96%) DevOps Engineer
3 40 (11.27%) Java Developer
4 28 (7.89%) Administrator
5 24 (6.76%) Support Engineer
6 23 (6.48%) Analyst
6 23 (6.48%) Applications Support
7 22 (6.20%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 21 (5.92%) Applications Engineer
8 21 (5.92%) Applications Support Engineer
9 18 (5.07%) Python Developer
10 17 (4.79%) Architect
11 16 (4.51%) Cloud Engineer
11 16 (4.51%) DBA
11 16 (4.51%) Systems Administrator
12 12 (3.38%) Full Stack Developer
13 11 (3.10%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
14 10 (2.82%) Automation Engineer
14 10 (2.82%) Linux Engineer
14 10 (2.82%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (12.68%) Spring
2 43 (12.11%) AngularJS
3 33 (9.30%) SOAP
4 32 (9.01%) HTML
5 26 (7.32%) RESTful
6 24 (6.76%) Web Services
7 20 (5.63%) CSS
8 19 (5.35%) React
8 19 (5.35%) Spring Boot
9 17 (4.79%) REST
9 17 (4.79%) XML
10 16 (4.51%) HTML5
10 16 (4.51%) JSON
11 15 (4.23%) Elastic Stack
12 13 (3.66%) Kafka
12 13 (3.66%) LDAP
13 12 (3.38%) Akka
14 11 (3.10%) PostGIS
15 9 (2.54%) Node.js
15 9 (2.54%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 30 (8.45%) Analytical Skills
2 12 (3.38%) Clustering
3 10 (2.82%) Cyberthreat
4 9 (2.54%) Enterprise Software
4 9 (2.54%) Greenfield Project
5 7 (1.97%) Computer Science
5 7 (1.97%) Linux Command Line
6 6 (1.69%) Data Centre
6 6 (1.69%) Management Information System
6 6 (1.69%) Private Cloud
6 6 (1.69%) User Experience
7 5 (1.41%) Replication
8 4 (1.13%) Equities
8 4 (1.13%) Mainframe
9 3 (0.85%) Data Structures
9 3 (0.85%) Hybrid Cloud
9 3 (0.85%) iPhone
9 3 (0.85%) Security Operations Centre
10 2 (0.56%) EMC VNX
10 2 (0.56%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 127 (35.77%) Unix
2 119 (33.52%) Windows
3 79 (22.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 27 (7.61%) Windows Server
5 26 (7.32%) AIX
6 25 (7.04%) Solaris
7 17 (4.79%) CentOS
8 5 (1.41%) Ubuntu
8 5 (1.41%) Windows Server 2008
9 4 (1.13%) Android
9 4 (1.13%) Data ONTAP
9 4 (1.13%) HPUX
9 4 (1.13%) Windows 7
10 3 (0.85%) Apple iOS
10 3 (0.85%) Mac OS
10 3 (0.85%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.85%) Windows Phone
10 3 (0.85%) Windows Server 2003
11 2 (0.56%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.56%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 138 (38.87%) Agile Software Development
2 91 (25.63%) DevOps
3 58 (16.34%) Continuous Integration
4 46 (12.96%) Configuration Management
4 46 (12.96%) Continuous Delivery
5 43 (12.11%) ITIL
6 33 (9.30%) Test Automation
7 32 (9.01%) TDD
8 31 (8.73%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 31 (8.73%) Kanban
8 31 (8.73%) Scrum
8 31 (8.73%) SDLC
8 31 (8.73%) Software Engineering
9 27 (7.61%) OO
10 24 (6.76%) Microservices
11 23 (6.48%) Change Management
12 22 (6.20%) Cybersecurity
13 21 (5.92%) Incident Management
13 21 (5.92%) Problem-Solving
14 20 (5.63%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 120 (33.80%) SQL
2 113 (31.83%) Python
3 101 (28.45%) Java
4 71 (20.00%) Perl
5 49 (13.80%) Shell Script
6 47 (13.24%) Bash Shell
7 46 (12.96%) JavaScript
8 31 (8.73%) Ruby
9 22 (6.20%) PHP
10 21 (5.92%) Go
11 18 (5.07%) C++
11 18 (5.07%) Scala
12 15 (4.23%) C#
13 14 (3.94%) PowerShell
14 8 (2.25%) Java 8
15 7 (1.97%) Groovy
16 5 (1.41%) PL/SQL
17 4 (1.13%) ES6
17 4 (1.13%) Ingres ABF
17 4 (1.13%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 50 (14.08%) Security Cleared
2 40 (11.27%) SC Cleared
3 17 (4.79%) CISSP
4 15 (4.23%) CISM
4 15 (4.23%) DV Cleared
5 5 (1.41%) ITIL Certification
6 4 (1.13%) Degree
7 3 (0.85%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.85%) CEH
7 3 (0.85%) SANS
8 2 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
8 2 (0.56%) ISEB
8 2 (0.56%) ISTQB
8 2 (0.56%) RHCE
9 1 (0.28%) CESG Certified Professional
9 1 (0.28%) MCTS
9 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.28%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (4.23%) GDPR
2 12 (3.38%) FINRA
3 11 (3.10%) SLA
4 9 (2.54%) QA
5 8 (2.25%) Data Quality
6 4 (1.13%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.28%) GCP
7 1 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.28%) PMO
System Software
1 47 (13.24%) Docker
2 32 (9.01%) VMware Infrastructure
3 20 (5.63%) Active Directory
4 11 (3.10%) VMware ESXi
5 9 (2.54%) vSphere
6 5 (1.41%) VMware NSX
6 5 (1.41%) XenDesktop
7 4 (1.13%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (1.13%) XenApp
8 3 (0.85%) NFS
9 2 (0.56%) BitLocker
9 2 (0.56%) Hyper-V
9 2 (0.56%) iptables
9 2 (0.56%) Microsoft App-V
9 2 (0.56%) Postfix
9 2 (0.56%) RHEV
10 1 (0.28%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.28%) HDFS
10 1 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
10 1 (0.28%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 91 (25.63%) Ansible
2 43 (12.11%) Terraform
3 37 (10.42%) Puppet
4 26 (7.32%) Opscode Chef
5 24 (6.76%) Kubernetes
6 11 (3.10%) Red Hat Satellite
7 10 (2.82%) SELinux
8 8 (2.25%) HAProxy
8 8 (2.25%) Oracle ZFS
8 8 (2.25%) Prometheus
9 7 (1.97%) Nagios
9 7 (1.97%) Oracle RMAN
10 6 (1.69%) Control-M
10 6 (1.69%) SCCM
10 6 (1.69%) Xymon
11 5 (1.41%) Packer
12 4 (1.13%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
12 4 (1.13%) Graphite
12 4 (1.13%) Icinga
12 4 (1.13%) Oracle Flashback
Vendors
1 78 (21.97%) Oracle
2 51 (14.37%) Red Hat
3 45 (12.68%) VMware
4 41 (11.55%) Microsoft
5 18 (5.07%) Sybase
5 18 (5.07%) Symantec
6 16 (4.51%) Splunk
7 15 (4.23%) IBM
8 14 (3.94%) Cloudera
9 13 (3.66%) Cisco
9 13 (3.66%) Hortonworks
9 13 (3.66%) Varonis
10 12 (3.38%) McAfee
11 11 (3.10%) HP
12 10 (2.82%) Citrix
13 9 (2.54%) NetApp
14 7 (1.97%) CheckPoint
15 6 (1.69%) Dell
15 6 (1.69%) Veritas
16 5 (1.41%) F5