Period
to 14 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 14 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
14 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 164 169 178
Rank change year-on-year +5 +9 +9
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 35 17 7
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 0.67% 0.34% 0.17%
As % of the System Software category 5.49% 3.33% 1.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 60 5 1
Scotland median daily rate £700 £375 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +86.67% -11.76% +21.43%
UK median daily rate £500 £438 £449
% change year-on-year +14.29% -2.45% +13.54%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Scotland median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £47.83 £27.50
% change year-on-year -56.09% +73.93% -22.54%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 638 511 612
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 12.22% 10.24% 14.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 369 284 366
Scotland median daily rate £385 £375 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.67% +15.38% +4.84%
10th Percentile £128 £146 £155
90th Percentile £613 £575 £450
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £402
% change year-on-year +5.88% +5.85% +7.07%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 30 26
Scotland median hourly rate £17.50 £20.00 £20.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% -1.23% +9.46%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.34 £13.38
90th Percentile £44.27 £35.75 £42.00
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £15.75
% change year-on-year -3.03% +4.76% +1.61%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in Scotland

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in Scotland

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in Scotland over the 6 months to 14 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in Scotland

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in Scotland

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 14 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh +21 32 £700 +86.67% 1
Glasgow -20 3 £325 -
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 14 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 29 (82.86%) Puppet
1 29 (82.86%) Jenkins
1 29 (82.86%) Ansible
1 29 (82.86%) Docker
2 28 (80.00%) DevOps
2 28 (80.00%) Opscode Chef
2 28 (80.00%) Travis CI
2 28 (80.00%) nginx
2 28 (80.00%) Open Source
2 28 (80.00%) Python
3 27 (77.14%) Java
3 27 (77.14%) Shell Script
3 27 (77.14%) PaaS
3 27 (77.14%) Maven
3 27 (77.14%) Groovy
3 27 (77.14%) CircleCI
3 27 (77.14%) IBM UrbanCode
3 27 (77.14%) npm
3 27 (77.14%) Gradle
3 27 (77.14%) Cloud Foundry
3 27 (77.14%) gulp
4 20 (57.14%) AWS CloudFormation
4 20 (57.14%) Terraform
5 13 (37.14%) Microsoft Azure
6 4 (11.43%) VMware
7 3 (8.57%) Oracle
7 3 (8.57%) Windows
7 3 (8.57%) Solaris
7 3 (8.57%) Linux
7 3 (8.57%) Amazon AWS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (80.00%) nginx
2 27 (77.14%) Cloud Foundry
3 2 (5.71%) SharePoint
3 2 (5.71%) Skype for Business
4 1 (2.86%) Apache
4 1 (2.86%) Tomcat
Cloud Services
1 27 (77.14%) npm
1 27 (77.14%) PaaS
2 20 (57.14%) AWS CloudFormation
3 13 (37.14%) Microsoft Azure
4 3 (8.57%) Amazon AWS
5 2 (5.71%) Office 365
5 2 (5.71%) OneDrive
5 2 (5.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
5 2 (5.71%) Yammer
6 1 (2.86%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 1 (2.86%) Datadog
6 1 (2.86%) Google Cloud Platform
6 1 (2.86%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 2 (5.71%) Skype
1 2 (5.71%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (5.71%) Oracle Database
1 2 (5.71%) Oracle Database 11g
1 2 (5.71%) Oracle Database 12c
2 1 (2.86%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 29 (82.86%) Jenkins
2 28 (80.00%) Travis CI
3 27 (77.14%) CircleCI
3 27 (77.14%) Gradle
3 27 (77.14%) gulp
3 27 (77.14%) IBM UrbanCode
3 27 (77.14%) Maven
4 1 (2.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 1 (2.86%) Vagrant
General
1 2 (5.71%) Banking
2 1 (2.86%) Finance
2 1 (2.86%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 28 (80.00%) DevOps Engineer
2 2 (5.71%) Analyst
2 2 (5.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 2 (5.71%) Support Analyst
3 1 (2.86%) Oracle Infrastructure Engineer
3 1 (2.86%) Programmer
3 1 (2.86%) Senior Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1 (2.86%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 2 (5.71%) Public Cloud
2 1 (2.86%) Analytical Skills
2 1 (2.86%) Data Centre
2 1 (2.86%) Linux Command Line
2 1 (2.86%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 3 (8.57%) Linux
1 3 (8.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
1 3 (8.57%) Solaris
1 3 (8.57%) Windows
1 3 (8.57%) Windows Server 2008
2 2 (5.71%) Windows Server 2012
3 1 (2.86%) CentOS
3 1 (2.86%) DC/OS
3 1 (2.86%) Ubuntu
3 1 (2.86%) Windows Server
3 1 (2.86%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 28 (80.00%) DevOps
1 28 (80.00%) Open Source
2 3 (8.57%) Server Monitoring
3 2 (5.71%) Agile Software Development
3 2 (5.71%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 2 (5.71%) Knowledge Management
3 2 (5.71%) Mentoring
3 2 (5.71%) Performance Tuning
3 2 (5.71%) Proactive Monitoring
3 2 (5.71%) Server Management
3 2 (5.71%) Storage Management
4 1 (2.86%) Capacity Planning
4 1 (2.86%) Configuration Management
4 1 (2.86%) Continuous Integration
4 1 (2.86%) Migration
4 1 (2.86%) Performance Management
4 1 (2.86%) Performance Monitoring
4 1 (2.86%) Problem-Solving
4 1 (2.86%) SDLC
4 1 (2.86%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 28 (80.00%) Python
2 27 (77.14%) Groovy
2 27 (77.14%) Java
2 27 (77.14%) Shell Script
3 2 (5.71%) PowerShell
4 1 (2.86%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 2 (5.71%) CCA
1 2 (5.71%) CCEA
1 2 (5.71%) Citrix Certification
1 2 (5.71%) MCITP
1 2 (5.71%) MCSE
1 2 (5.71%) Microsoft Certification
1 2 (5.71%) VCAP
1 2 (5.71%) VCP4
1 2 (5.71%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (5.71%) SLA
2 1 (2.86%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 29 (82.86%) Docker
2 3 (8.57%) Hyper-V
2 3 (8.57%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (5.71%) Active Directory
3 2 (5.71%) Oracle RAC
4 1 (2.86%) VirtualBox
4 1 (2.86%) VMware NSX
4 1 (2.86%) Xen
4 1 (2.86%) XenApp
4 1 (2.86%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 29 (82.86%) Ansible
1 29 (82.86%) Puppet
2 28 (80.00%) Opscode Chef
3 20 (57.14%) Terraform
4 2 (5.71%) Data Guard
4 2 (5.71%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
4 2 (5.71%) Kubernetes
4 2 (5.71%) Microsoft Intune
4 2 (5.71%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
4 2 (5.71%) Oracle RMAN
4 2 (5.71%) SCCM
5 1 (2.86%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (2.86%) Packer
5 1 (2.86%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 4 (11.43%) VMware
2 3 (8.57%) Oracle
3 2 (5.71%) Microsoft
3 2 (5.71%) Red Hat
4 1 (2.86%) Google
4 1 (2.86%) NetApp
4 1 (2.86%) New Relic
4 1 (2.86%) Nimble Storage
4 1 (2.86%) Open-E
4 1 (2.86%) Splunk
4 1 (2.86%) Synology