Period
to 19 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > Scotland
6 months to
19 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 179 162 189
Rank change year-on-year -17 +27 +1
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 24 18 23
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 0.44% 0.38% 0.44%
As % of the System Software category 3.55% 3.92% 2.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 28 7 7
Scotland median daily rate £700 £275 £300
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +154.55% -8.33% -14.29%
UK median daily rate £493 £418 £425
% change year-on-year +17.96% -1.76% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Scotland median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £19.85 £45.00 £26.25
% change year-on-year -55.89% +71.43% -11.02%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Scotland with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
Scotland
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 677 459 844
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Scotland 12.35% 9.64% 16.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 422 246 426
Scotland median daily rate £367 £365 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.41% +12.31% -
10th Percentile £126 £130 £171
90th Percentile £543 £516 £469
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 19 40
Scotland median hourly rate £17.50 £20.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% -44.44% +94.59%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.30 £14.86
90th Percentile £42.77 £38.65 £42.10
UK median hourly rate £16.13 £16.68 £16.50
% change year-on-year -3.28% +1.09% +3.13%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in Scotland

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Scotland.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in Scotland

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in Scotland.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in Scotland

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Scotland

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in Scotland over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in Scotland

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Scotland

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in Scotland.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in Scotland

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in Scotland

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the Scotland region over the 6 months to 19 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Edinburgh 0 23 £700 +93.10% 3
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 19 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Scotland region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 16 (66.67%) Puppet
1 16 (66.67%) Ansible
2 15 (62.50%) Docker
2 15 (62.50%) Opscode Chef
2 15 (62.50%) PaaS
2 15 (62.50%) Java
3 14 (58.33%) nginx
3 14 (58.33%) Jenkins
4 13 (54.17%) Cloud Foundry
4 13 (54.17%) DevOps
4 13 (54.17%) Open Source
4 13 (54.17%) Maven
4 13 (54.17%) Groovy
4 13 (54.17%) Python
4 13 (54.17%) Shell Script
4 13 (54.17%) gulp
4 13 (54.17%) CircleCI
4 13 (54.17%) Travis CI
4 13 (54.17%) Gradle
4 13 (54.17%) IBM UrbanCode
4 13 (54.17%) npm
5 6 (25.00%) Terraform
6 5 (20.83%) SQL
7 4 (16.67%) Linux
7 4 (16.67%) VPN
7 4 (16.67%) Tomcat
7 4 (16.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (16.67%) Microsoft Azure
7 4 (16.67%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (12.50%) Amazon AWS

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in Scotland by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (58.33%) nginx
2 13 (54.17%) Cloud Foundry
3 4 (16.67%) Tomcat
4 3 (12.50%) Apache
5 1 (4.17%) SharePoint
5 1 (4.17%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (4.17%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 15 (62.50%) PaaS
2 13 (54.17%) npm
3 4 (16.67%) AWS CloudFormation
3 4 (16.67%) Microsoft Azure
4 3 (12.50%) Amazon AWS
5 1 (4.17%) Azure Data Factory
5 1 (4.17%) Data Lake Analytics
5 1 (4.17%) IaaS
5 1 (4.17%) Office 365
5 1 (4.17%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 4 (16.67%) VPN
2 3 (12.50%) Firewall
3 2 (8.33%) BGP
3 2 (8.33%) Cisco IOS
3 2 (8.33%) DHCP
3 2 (8.33%) DNS
3 2 (8.33%) EIGRP
3 2 (8.33%) LAN
3 2 (8.33%) Network Security
3 2 (8.33%) OSPF
3 2 (8.33%) SNMP
3 2 (8.33%) Spanning Tree
3 2 (8.33%) TCP/IP
3 2 (8.33%) VLAN
3 2 (8.33%) VXLAN
3 2 (8.33%) WAN
4 1 (4.17%) Fibre Channel
4 1 (4.17%) iSCSI
4 1 (4.17%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (8.33%) Azure SQL Database
1 2 (8.33%) Data Lake
1 2 (8.33%) Oracle Database
2 1 (4.17%) Data Warehouse
2 1 (4.17%) Hadoop
2 1 (4.17%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 14 (58.33%) Jenkins
2 13 (54.17%) CircleCI
2 13 (54.17%) Gradle
2 13 (54.17%) gulp
2 13 (54.17%) IBM UrbanCode
2 13 (54.17%) Maven
2 13 (54.17%) Travis CI
3 1 (4.17%) Git (software)
3 1 (4.17%) Jasmine
3 1 (4.17%) JMeter
3 1 (4.17%) JUnit
3 1 (4.17%) LoadRunner
3 1 (4.17%) Team Foundation Server
3 1 (4.17%) TeamCity
3 1 (4.17%) Visual Studio
General
1 3 (12.50%) Finance
2 2 (8.33%) Banking
2 2 (8.33%) Legal
3 1 (4.17%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 13 (54.17%) DevOps Engineer
2 4 (16.67%) Platform Engineer
3 2 (8.33%) Administrator
3 2 (8.33%) Azure Engineer
3 2 (8.33%) Systems Administrator
4 1 (4.17%) .NET Developer
4 1 (4.17%) Build Engineer
4 1 (4.17%) Developer
4 1 (4.17%) Performance Engineer
4 1 (4.17%) PowerShell Engineer
4 1 (4.17%) Programmer
4 1 (4.17%) Security Specialist
4 1 (4.17%) Senior .NET Developer
4 1 (4.17%) Senior Developer
4 1 (4.17%) Senior DevOps
4 1 (4.17%) Senior DevOps Engineer
4 1 (4.17%) Senior Systems Administrator
4 1 (4.17%) Solaris Administrator
4 1 (4.17%) Solaris Systems Administrator
4 1 (4.17%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2 (8.33%) LDAP
1 2 (8.33%) Spring
2 1 (4.17%) .NET
2 1 (4.17%) Ajax
2 1 (4.17%) ASP.NET Web Forms
2 1 (4.17%) HTML
2 1 (4.17%) HTML5
2 1 (4.17%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 2 (8.33%) Computer Science
1 2 (8.33%) Data Centre
1 2 (8.33%) Management Information System
1 2 (8.33%) Private Cloud
2 1 (4.17%) EMC VNX
2 1 (4.17%) Greenfield Project
2 1 (4.17%) Mainframe
2 1 (4.17%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 4 (16.67%) Linux
1 4 (16.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 3 (12.50%) Solaris
3 2 (8.33%) Windows
4 1 (4.17%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 13 (54.17%) DevOps
1 13 (54.17%) Open Source
2 3 (12.50%) Business Intelligence
3 2 (8.33%) Agile Software Development
3 2 (8.33%) Analytics
3 2 (8.33%) Capacity Planning
3 2 (8.33%) Deployment Automation
3 2 (8.33%) High Availability
3 2 (8.33%) Network Virtualisation
3 2 (8.33%) Performance Management
3 2 (8.33%) Stakeholder Management
4 1 (4.17%) Data Analytics
4 1 (4.17%) Kanban
4 1 (4.17%) Non-Functional Testing
4 1 (4.17%) OWASP
4 1 (4.17%) Performance Testing
4 1 (4.17%) Security Architecture
4 1 (4.17%) Test Scripting
4 1 (4.17%) Web Development
4 1 (4.17%) Wireframes
Programming Languages
1 15 (62.50%) Java
2 13 (54.17%) Groovy
2 13 (54.17%) Python
2 13 (54.17%) Shell Script
3 5 (20.83%) SQL
4 3 (12.50%) Bash Shell
5 2 (8.33%) C#
5 2 (8.33%) JavaScript
5 2 (8.33%) PowerShell
6 1 (4.17%) C++
6 1 (4.17%) Ruby
6 1 (4.17%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1 (4.17%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
System Software
1 15 (62.50%) Docker
2 2 (8.33%) Active Directory
2 2 (8.33%) OpenAM
2 2 (8.33%) VMware Infrastructure
2 2 (8.33%) vSphere
3 1 (4.17%) NFS
3 1 (4.17%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 16 (66.67%) Ansible
1 16 (66.67%) Puppet
2 15 (62.50%) Opscode Chef
3 6 (25.00%) Terraform
4 2 (8.33%) Cobbler
4 2 (8.33%) Kubernetes
4 2 (8.33%) NetBackup
4 2 (8.33%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
4 2 (8.33%) vCenter Server
5 1 (4.17%) Red Hat Satellite
Vendors
1 3 (12.50%) NetApp
1 3 (12.50%) Oracle
1 3 (12.50%) VMware
2 2 (8.33%) CheckPoint
2 2 (8.33%) Cisco
2 2 (8.33%) ForgeRock
2 2 (8.33%) Nimble Storage
2 2 (8.33%) Open-E
2 2 (8.33%) Red Hat
2 2 (8.33%) Software AG
2 2 (8.33%) Synology
2 2 (8.33%) Veritas
2 2 (8.33%) webMethods