Period
to 19 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 450 409 389
Rank change year-on-year -41 -20 +105
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 462 630 638
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.48% 0.58% 0.57%
As % of the System Software category 4.07% 4.77% 5.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 271 400 376
UK median daily rate £415 £425 £396
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.35% +7.26% +5.67%
10th Percentile £225 £300 £253
90th Percentile £625 £550 £543
UK excluding London median daily rate £365 £410 £375
% change year-on-year -10.98% +9.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 21 35
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £22.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +100.00% -18.18% -8.33%
10th Percentile £16.15 £15.25 £19.25
90th Percentile £54.70 £45.00 £49.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £22.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year -22.22% -18.18% -24.14%

Virtual Machines is in the system software skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

Contract System Software Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 11350 13209 11867
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 11.77% 12.17% 10.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 7309 8256 6680
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +14.29% +7.69%
10th Percentile £163 £175 £163
90th Percentile £588 £575 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £365 £338
% change year-on-year +2.74% +8.15% +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 646 876 1275
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
10th Percentile £10.38 £10.50 £10.25
90th Percentile £47.25 £41.00 £38.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.00 £16.50 £15.75
% change year-on-year -9.09% +4.76% +5.00%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -42 429 £423 -0.59% 45
UK excluding London -43 263 £365 -10.98% 37
London +7 186 £475 +7.34% 10
South East -9 95 £288 -30.30% 8
Midlands +4 52 £400 -2.44% 9
South West -4 36 £372 -3.06% 4
East Midlands -5 34 £400 -5.33% 5
North of England +2 33 £375 -25.00% 8
East of England -18 25 £450 +38.46% 6
West Midlands +3 18 £401 +0.13% 4
North West +5 17 £360 -28.00% 5
Scotland +18 14 £250 -16.67% 2
Yorkshire -6 14 £475 -5.00% 3
Northern Ireland -43 5 - -
Wales +7 3 £345 -1.43%
North East +50 2 £310 -38.00%

For the 6 months to 19 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 209 (45.24%) Linux
2 174 (37.66%) Windows
3 172 (37.23%) VMware
4 129 (27.92%) Microsoft
5 116 (25.11%) VMware Infrastructure
6 112 (24.24%) DevOps
7 107 (23.16%) Java
8 99 (21.43%) Security Cleared
9 94 (20.35%) Microsoft Azure
10 93 (20.13%) Active Directory
11 92 (19.91%) Windows Server
12 88 (19.05%) Jenkins
13 84 (18.18%) Puppet
14 82 (17.75%) SC Cleared
15 81 (17.53%) Agile Software Development
16 76 (16.45%) Python
17 72 (15.58%) Oracle
18 71 (15.37%) CentOS
19 69 (14.94%) Red Hat
20 65 (14.07%) DNS
21 64 (13.85%) Firewall
21 64 (13.85%) Ansible
22 63 (13.64%) Continuous Integration
23 62 (13.42%) SQL
24 61 (13.20%) Windows Server 2012
25 59 (12.77%) Unix
26 58 (12.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
27 57 (12.34%) Bash Shell
27 57 (12.34%) HP
28 56 (12.12%) Finance

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (8.87%) Tomcat
2 35 (7.58%) Apache
3 28 (6.06%) nginx
4 24 (5.19%) MS Exchange
5 21 (4.55%) Confluence
5 21 (4.55%) Elasticsearch
6 20 (4.33%) Cloud Foundry
7 14 (3.03%) Skype for Business
8 11 (2.38%) Exchange Server 2010
8 11 (2.38%) Exchange Server 2013
9 9 (1.95%) SharePoint
10 8 (1.73%) Jetty
10 8 (1.73%) WildFly
11 7 (1.52%) JBoss
11 7 (1.52%) WebSphere
12 6 (1.30%) Apache Spark
12 6 (1.30%) CMS
12 6 (1.30%) OpenStack
13 5 (1.08%) Oracle Application Server
13 5 (1.08%) WebLogic
Applications
1 32 (6.93%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (1.95%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 25 (5.41%) SAP ERP
2 7 (1.52%) Oracle Applications
3 4 (0.87%) Maximo
4 3 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.43%) Algo Collateral
5 2 (0.43%) Oracle 11i
5 2 (0.43%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.43%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 94 (20.35%) Microsoft Azure
2 56 (12.12%) Amazon AWS
3 44 (9.52%) PaaS
4 37 (8.01%) IaaS
5 32 (6.93%) Office 365
6 19 (4.11%) Amazon ELB
6 19 (4.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 18 (3.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 17 (3.68%) Amazon EC2
8 17 (3.68%) Amazon S3
9 13 (2.81%) Azure Active Directory
10 9 (1.95%) Cloud Computing
11 6 (1.30%) Google Cloud Platform
11 6 (1.30%) SaaS
12 5 (1.08%) GitHub
13 4 (0.87%) OpenShift
14 3 (0.65%) G Suite
14 3 (0.65%) IBM Cloud
15 2 (0.43%) Bluemix
15 2 (0.43%) Mailgun
Communications & Networking
1 65 (14.07%) DNS
2 64 (13.85%) Firewall
3 43 (9.31%) SAN
4 33 (7.14%) HTTP
4 33 (7.14%) TCP/IP
5 31 (6.71%) DHCP
6 29 (6.28%) SSH
7 27 (5.84%) VPN
8 19 (4.11%) LDAP
9 17 (3.68%) LAN
9 17 (3.68%) OpenLDAP
9 17 (3.68%) OpenVPN
10 16 (3.46%) PuTTY
11 15 (3.25%) WAN
12 13 (2.81%) WinSCP
13 12 (2.60%) VLAN
14 10 (2.16%) Network Security
15 9 (1.95%) Internet
16 8 (1.73%) IP Telephony
16 8 (1.73%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (11.04%) SQL Server
2 25 (5.41%) PostgreSQL
3 24 (5.19%) Oracle Database
3 24 (5.19%) SQL Server 2012
4 20 (4.33%) Amazon RDS
5 17 (3.68%) Hadoop
5 17 (3.68%) MongoDB
6 16 (3.46%) SQL Server 2005
6 16 (3.46%) SQL Server 2008
7 15 (3.25%) Oracle Database 10g
7 15 (3.25%) Oracle Database 11g
8 14 (3.03%) Oracle Reports
9 11 (2.38%) Big Data
9 11 (2.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 9 (1.95%) Data Warehouse
10 9 (1.95%) Relational Database
11 8 (1.73%) Azure SQL Database
11 8 (1.73%) NoSQL
12 7 (1.52%) MySQL
13 6 (1.30%) DB2
Development Applications
1 88 (19.05%) Jenkins
2 53 (11.47%) Maven
3 48 (10.39%) Git (software)
4 32 (6.93%) Ant
5 28 (6.06%) JIRA
6 26 (5.63%) Sonatype Nexus
7 22 (4.76%) Gradle
8 20 (4.33%) JUnit
8 20 (4.33%) Team Foundation Server
9 19 (4.11%) Bitbucket
9 19 (4.11%) gulp
9 19 (4.11%) IBM UrbanCode
9 19 (4.11%) Liquibase
9 19 (4.11%) SonarQube
10 18 (3.90%) CircleCI
10 18 (3.90%) TeamCity
10 18 (3.90%) Travis CI
11 16 (3.46%) SoapUI
12 14 (3.03%) Eclipse
12 14 (3.03%) Selenium
General
1 56 (12.12%) Finance
2 22 (4.76%) Banking
3 20 (4.33%) Telecoms
4 15 (3.25%) Retail
5 8 (1.73%) Manufacturing
6 7 (1.52%) Investment Banking
7 6 (1.30%) Publishing
8 4 (0.87%) Advertising
8 4 (0.87%) Legal
9 3 (0.65%) Electronics
9 3 (0.65%) Marketing
10 2 (0.43%) Back Office
10 2 (0.43%) Billing
10 2 (0.43%) Front Office
10 2 (0.43%) Law
10 2 (0.43%) Local Government
11 1 (0.22%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 71 (15.37%) DevOps Engineer
2 47 (10.17%) Administrator
3 37 (8.01%) Architect
4 34 (7.36%) Analyst
4 34 (7.36%) Consultant
5 33 (7.14%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 32 (6.93%) Systems Administrator
7 27 (5.84%) AWS Engineer
8 25 (5.41%) Developer
8 25 (5.41%) Linux Engineer
9 24 (5.19%) Unix Engineer
10 21 (4.55%) AWS DevOps
10 21 (4.55%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 19 (4.11%) VMware Engineer
12 18 (3.90%) Linux Administrator
12 18 (3.90%) Support Engineer
13 17 (3.68%) Linux Systems Administrator
14 16 (3.46%) Design Engineer
15 15 (3.25%) Cloud Engineer
15 15 (3.25%) Server Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (8.01%) Web Services
2 31 (6.71%) Elastic Stack
2 31 (6.71%) REST
3 28 (6.06%) .NET
4 17 (3.68%) MCollective
5 14 (3.03%) XML
6 12 (2.60%) Middleware
7 10 (2.16%) ActiveMQ
7 10 (2.16%) J2EE
7 10 (2.16%) Struts
8 9 (1.95%) Kafka
8 9 (1.95%) RESTful
9 8 (1.73%) AngularJS
10 6 (1.30%) HTML
10 6 (1.30%) JSON
10 6 (1.30%) SOAP
11 5 (1.08%) HTML5
11 5 (1.08%) IBM Integration Bus
11 5 (1.08%) LAMP
11 5 (1.08%) Oracle GoldenGate
Miscellaneous
1 32 (6.93%) Data Centre
2 29 (6.28%) Linux Command Line
3 16 (3.46%) Clustering
4 15 (3.25%) Analytical Skills
4 15 (3.25%) Replication
5 14 (3.03%) Computer Science
6 13 (2.81%) Public Cloud
7 8 (1.73%) Hybrid Cloud
7 8 (1.73%) Private Cloud
8 7 (1.52%) PKI
8 7 (1.52%) User Experience
9 6 (1.30%) EMC VNX
9 6 (1.30%) Mainframe
9 6 (1.30%) Management Information System
9 6 (1.30%) Mobile App
10 5 (1.08%) Blackberry
10 5 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
10 5 (1.08%) HP Storage
10 5 (1.08%) iPad
11 4 (0.87%) iSeries
Operating Systems
1 209 (45.24%) Linux
2 174 (37.66%) Windows
3 92 (19.91%) Windows Server
4 71 (15.37%) CentOS
5 61 (13.20%) Windows Server 2012
6 59 (12.77%) Unix
7 58 (12.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 34 (7.36%) Solaris
9 32 (6.93%) Windows Server 2008
10 27 (5.84%) Ubuntu
11 19 (4.11%) Windows 7
12 17 (3.68%) Windows 10
13 14 (3.03%) AIX
14 7 (1.52%) VMS
15 6 (1.30%) Mac OS X
15 6 (1.30%) Windows Server 2003
15 6 (1.30%) zOS
16 4 (0.87%) SUSE
17 3 (0.65%) HPUX
17 3 (0.65%) Windows 2000 Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 112 (24.24%) DevOps
2 81 (17.53%) Agile Software Development
3 63 (13.64%) Continuous Integration
4 51 (11.04%) Migration
5 50 (10.82%) Scrum
6 49 (10.61%) Configuration Management
7 40 (8.66%) Load Balancing
8 37 (8.01%) Test Automation
9 34 (7.36%) Continuous Delivery
10 32 (6.93%) Disaster Recovery
10 32 (6.93%) ITIL
11 31 (6.71%) Project Management
12 30 (6.49%) Stakeholder Management
13 28 (6.06%) Service Management
14 26 (5.63%) Open Source
15 25 (5.41%) ERP
16 24 (5.19%) Mentoring
17 20 (4.33%) Performance Tuning
18 19 (4.11%) Coaching
18 19 (4.11%) Virtual Infrastructure
Programming Languages
1 107 (23.16%) Java
2 76 (16.45%) Python
3 62 (13.42%) SQL
4 57 (12.34%) Bash Shell
5 55 (11.90%) PowerShell
6 45 (9.74%) Perl
7 39 (8.44%) Shell Script
8 36 (7.79%) Groovy
9 24 (5.19%) Korn
10 17 (3.68%) Ruby
11 13 (2.81%) F#
11 13 (2.81%) VBScript
12 12 (2.60%) JavaScript
13 11 (2.38%) C
14 10 (2.16%) C++
15 7 (1.52%) VB
16 6 (1.30%) PL/SQL
17 5 (1.08%) C#
18 3 (0.65%) Apex Code
18 3 (0.65%) PHP
Qualifications
1 99 (21.43%) Security Cleared
2 82 (17.75%) SC Cleared
3 24 (5.19%) Microsoft Certification
4 22 (4.76%) Degree
5 20 (4.33%) MCSE
6 18 (3.90%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 17 (3.68%) DV Cleared
8 14 (3.03%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 13 (2.81%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (2.81%) ISEB
10 10 (2.16%) GCIA
10 10 (2.16%) GCIH
10 10 (2.16%) GIAC
10 10 (2.16%) ISEB Practitioner
10 10 (2.16%) SANS
11 8 (1.73%) MCSA
12 7 (1.52%) CCNA
13 5 (1.08%) ISTQB
13 5 (1.08%) ITIL Certification
14 4 (0.87%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 14 (3.03%) SLA
3 10 (2.16%) NIST 800
3 10 (2.16%) QA
4 4 (0.87%) Disclosure Scotland
5 3 (0.65%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.65%) HL7
6 2 (0.43%) MiFID
7 1 (0.22%) GCP
7 1 (0.22%) GDPR
7 1 (0.22%) ISO 22301
7 1 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 116 (25.11%) VMware Infrastructure
2 93 (20.13%) Active Directory
3 53 (11.47%) vSphere
4 49 (10.61%) Docker
5 38 (8.23%) Hyper-V
6 27 (5.84%) VMware ESXi
7 25 (5.41%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 21 (4.55%) vCloud
9 17 (3.68%) Postfix
9 17 (3.68%) Squid
10 8 (1.73%) OpenAM
10 8 (1.73%) Virtual Servers
10 8 (1.73%) Xen
11 7 (1.52%) VMware NSX
12 6 (1.30%) VMware Server
13 5 (1.08%) KVM
13 5 (1.08%) XenApp
14 4 (0.87%) ISA Server
14 4 (0.87%) Virtual Desktop
15 3 (0.65%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 84 (18.18%) Puppet
2 64 (13.85%) Ansible
3 39 (8.44%) Kubernetes
4 35 (7.58%) SCCM
5 33 (7.14%) Opscode Chef
5 33 (7.14%) Terraform
6 25 (5.41%) vRealize
7 23 (4.98%) Kibana
8 22 (4.76%) logstash
9 20 (4.33%) SCOM
9 20 (4.33%) ZABBIX
10 19 (4.11%) Nagios
11 18 (3.90%) Rsyslog
11 18 (3.90%) Sysdig
12 17 (3.68%) Docker Swarm
12 17 (3.68%) Rancher
13 13 (2.81%) vCenter Server
14 12 (2.60%) Failover Clustering
14 12 (2.60%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 11 (2.38%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 172 (37.23%) VMware
2 129 (27.92%) Microsoft
3 72 (15.58%) Oracle
4 69 (14.94%) Red Hat
5 57 (12.34%) HP
6 54 (11.69%) Cisco
7 35 (7.58%) SAP
8 27 (5.84%) Dell
9 26 (5.63%) Veritas
10 25 (5.41%) Sun
11 24 (5.19%) Citrix
12 22 (4.76%) NetApp
13 21 (4.55%) IBM
14 19 (4.11%) Sonatype
15 18 (3.90%) CheckPoint
16 13 (2.81%) Veeam
17 12 (2.60%) EMC
17 12 (2.60%) Symantec
18 11 (2.38%) 3PAR
18 11 (2.38%) McAfee