Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 432 477 402
Rank change year-on-year +45 -75 -5
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 562 424 621
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.54% 0.44% 0.56%
As % of the System Software category 3.91% 3.89% 4.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 374 250 380
UK median daily rate £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £263 £230 £300
90th Percentile £671 £638 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £451 £375 £410
% change year-on-year +20.33% -8.54% +9.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 6 17
UK median hourly rate £30.00 £17.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +71.43% -56.25% +60.80%
10th Percentile £15.24 £14.13 £18.50
90th Percentile £60.00 £41.88 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.75 £17.50 £26.00
% change year-on-year +35.71% -32.69% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,389 10,906 13,190
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.93% 11.37% 11.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,325 6,972 8,145
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +14.29%
10th Percentile £183 £163 £175
90th Percentile £625 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £365
% change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +8.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 858 663 918
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.00 £15.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.40% -2.34%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.25 £10.50
90th Percentile £45.56 £47.00 £41.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.86 £15.00 £15.86
% change year-on-year +5.73% -5.39% +5.00%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +50 534 £478 +8.52% 145
UK excluding London +58 332 £451 +20.33% 101
London -3 226 £525 +5.00% 49
North of England +55 107 £450 +12.50% 34
South East +2 103 £425 +30.77% 33
North West +27 62 £450 +22.45% 16
South West +17 45 £493 +36.81% 5
Yorkshire +5 36 £470 -8.29% 13
Midlands -18 33 £429 +7.05% 9
Scotland -27 23 £663 +96.30% 2
East of England +8 20 £450 +5.88% 15
West Midlands -16 18 £325 -40.86% 6
East Midlands -15 15 £480 +20.00% 3
North East - 9 £390 - 5
Wales -7 4 £405 +24.62% 2

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 243 (43.24%) Windows
2 219 (38.97%) Linux
3 179 (31.85%) DevOps
4 166 (29.54%) VMware
5 153 (27.22%) Microsoft Azure
6 150 (26.69%) Puppet
7 146 (25.98%) VMware Infrastructure
8 133 (23.67%) Jenkins
8 133 (23.67%) Microsoft
9 126 (22.42%) Java
10 125 (22.24%) Agile Software Development
11 124 (22.06%) Ansible
12 119 (21.17%) Opscode Chef
13 117 (20.82%) Security Cleared
13 117 (20.82%) Active Directory
14 116 (20.64%) Python
15 112 (19.93%) Continuous Integration
16 110 (19.57%) Windows Server
17 106 (18.86%) Open Source
18 102 (18.15%) Amazon AWS
19 96 (17.08%) Configuration Management
20 94 (16.73%) SC Cleared
21 93 (16.55%) DNS
22 92 (16.37%) PowerShell
22 92 (16.37%) Hyper-V
23 91 (16.19%) Docker
24 85 (15.12%) SQL
25 84 (14.95%) Travis CI
26 81 (14.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
27 69 (12.28%) Groovy

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (9.96%) nginx
2 35 (6.23%) Tomcat
3 32 (5.69%) MS Exchange
4 29 (5.16%) Cloud Foundry
5 27 (4.80%) SharePoint
6 19 (3.38%) Exchange Server 2010
6 19 (3.38%) IIS
7 17 (3.02%) Apache
8 15 (2.67%) JBoss
9 14 (2.49%) Confluence
9 14 (2.49%) Exchange Server 2013
10 11 (1.96%) OpenStack
11 10 (1.78%) WebSphere
12 9 (1.60%) SAS
13 6 (1.07%) Skype for Business
14 5 (0.89%) Apache Solr
14 5 (0.89%) Apache Spark
14 5 (0.89%) Jetty
14 5 (0.89%) Mule ESB
14 5 (0.89%) WildFly
Applications
1 25 (4.45%) Microsoft Office
2 11 (1.96%) MS Visio
3 6 (1.07%) Microsoft Excel
4 4 (0.71%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 5 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.53%) Teamcenter
3 2 (0.36%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.36%) NetSuite
3 2 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.18%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.18%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.18%) Towers Watson Igloo
4 1 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 153 (27.22%) Microsoft Azure
2 102 (18.15%) Amazon AWS
3 63 (11.21%) PaaS
4 57 (10.14%) Office 365
5 43 (7.65%) Google Cloud Platform
6 38 (6.76%) npm
7 36 (6.41%) AWS CloudFormation
8 30 (5.34%) Azure Active Directory
8 30 (5.34%) IaaS
9 27 (4.80%) GitHub
10 23 (4.09%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 21 (3.74%) SaaS
12 18 (3.20%) Amazon EC2
13 17 (3.02%) Datadog
14 13 (2.31%) Serverless
15 9 (1.60%) OpenShift
16 6 (1.07%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
16 6 (1.07%) Dynamics 365
17 5 (0.89%) Amazon ELB
17 5 (0.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 93 (16.55%) DNS
2 62 (11.03%) TCP/IP
3 59 (10.50%) DHCP
4 52 (9.25%) Firewall
5 45 (8.01%) HTTP
6 41 (7.30%) VPN
7 34 (6.05%) SAN
8 33 (5.87%) FTP
9 28 (4.98%) SSL
10 26 (4.63%) IPsec
11 24 (4.27%) LAN
12 20 (3.56%) NAS
13 19 (3.38%) WAN
14 16 (2.85%) Network Security
15 15 (2.67%) VLAN
16 13 (2.31%) Internet
17 12 (2.14%) Skype
18 10 (1.78%) Cisco ASA
18 10 (1.78%) iSCSI
19 8 (1.42%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (9.79%) SQL Server
2 48 (8.54%) MySQL
2 48 (8.54%) NoSQL
3 41 (7.30%) MongoDB
4 35 (6.23%) Relational Database
5 30 (5.34%) RDBMS
6 23 (4.09%) PostgreSQL
7 16 (2.85%) Big Data
8 14 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
9 12 (2.14%) Azure SQL Database
9 12 (2.14%) Redis
10 10 (1.78%) Oracle Database
11 9 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
11 9 (1.60%) Cosmos DB
11 9 (1.60%) Data Lake
11 9 (1.60%) DB2
11 9 (1.60%) Oracle Reports
11 9 (1.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 8 (1.42%) Hadoop
13 7 (1.25%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 133 (23.67%) Jenkins
2 84 (14.95%) Travis CI
3 66 (11.74%) Git (software)
4 43 (7.65%) Maven
5 39 (6.94%) gulp
6 38 (6.76%) Gradle
7 35 (6.23%) Vagrant
8 31 (5.52%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 30 (5.34%) JIRA
10 29 (5.16%) CircleCI
11 28 (4.98%) IBM UrbanCode
12 25 (4.45%) Team Foundation Server
12 25 (4.45%) Visual Studio Team System
13 24 (4.27%) Mercurial
13 24 (4.27%) Selenium
14 20 (3.56%) JUnit
15 16 (2.85%) Ant
16 14 (2.49%) GitLab
17 10 (1.78%) Gerrit
17 10 (1.78%) Visual Studio
General
1 55 (9.79%) Finance
2 32 (5.69%) Banking
3 22 (3.91%) Telecoms
4 12 (2.14%) Manufacturing
4 12 (2.14%) Retail
5 11 (1.96%) Legal
6 10 (1.78%) Publishing
7 8 (1.42%) Marketing
8 7 (1.25%) Games
9 5 (0.89%) Advertising
9 5 (0.89%) Back Office
10 4 (0.71%) Electronics
10 4 (0.71%) Law
11 3 (0.53%) Billing
11 3 (0.53%) Financial Institution
11 3 (0.53%) Investment Banking
11 3 (0.53%) Local Government
12 2 (0.36%) Corporate Banking
13 1 (0.18%) Multimedia
13 1 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 135 (24.02%) DevOps Engineer
2 48 (8.54%) Architect
3 37 (6.58%) Consultant
4 34 (6.05%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 32 (5.69%) Developer
5 32 (5.69%) Support Engineer
6 28 (4.98%) Analyst
7 27 (4.80%) Administrator
8 21 (3.74%) Azure Engineer
9 20 (3.56%) Systems Administrator
10 19 (3.38%) Solutions Architect
11 17 (3.02%) Cloud Engineer
11 17 (3.02%) VMware Engineer
12 16 (2.85%) Java Developer
13 15 (2.67%) Operations Engineer
14 14 (2.49%) DBA
14 14 (2.49%) Linux Engineer
14 14 (2.49%) Senior DevOps
15 13 (2.31%) Azure Architect
15 13 (2.31%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (6.41%) RESTful
2 25 (4.45%) .NET
2 25 (4.45%) JSON
3 23 (4.09%) Elastic Stack
4 22 (3.91%) HTML
5 20 (3.56%) Node.js
6 19 (3.38%) Web Services
7 17 (3.02%) HTML5
8 15 (2.67%) CSS
8 15 (2.67%) LDAP
8 15 (2.67%) SAML
9 13 (2.31%) CSS3
9 13 (2.31%) SOAP
9 13 (2.31%) XML
10 12 (2.14%) RabbitMQ
11 11 (1.96%) JSP
11 11 (1.96%) Struts
12 10 (1.78%) Middleware
13 9 (1.60%) LAMP
14 8 (1.42%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 46 (8.19%) Data Centre
2 37 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
3 27 (4.80%) Linux Command Line
4 24 (4.27%) Clustering
5 23 (4.09%) PKI
6 19 (3.38%) Management Information System
7 15 (2.67%) Replication
8 12 (2.14%) Hybrid Cloud
8 12 (2.14%) Mobile App
9 11 (1.96%) Computer Science
10 10 (1.78%) Fat Client
10 10 (1.78%) Thin Client
11 9 (1.60%) Enterprise Storage
12 8 (1.42%) FMCG
12 8 (1.42%) iPhone
12 8 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
13 7 (1.25%) Blackberry
13 7 (1.25%) User Experience
14 6 (1.07%) MPEG
15 5 (0.89%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 243 (43.24%) Windows
2 219 (38.97%) Linux
3 110 (19.57%) Windows Server
4 81 (14.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 53 (9.43%) Windows Server 2012
6 48 (8.54%) Windows Server 2008
7 44 (7.83%) CentOS
8 37 (6.58%) Ubuntu
9 33 (5.87%) Unix
10 27 (4.80%) Windows 7
11 26 (4.63%) Windows 10
12 24 (4.27%) Windows Server 2003
13 22 (3.91%) DC/OS
14 13 (2.31%) Solaris
15 10 (1.78%) VMS
16 8 (1.42%) Debian
16 8 (1.42%) Oracle Linux
17 6 (1.07%) Android
18 4 (0.71%) Data ONTAP
18 4 (0.71%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 179 (31.85%) DevOps
2 125 (22.24%) Agile Software Development
3 112 (19.93%) Continuous Integration
4 106 (18.86%) Open Source
5 96 (17.08%) Configuration Management
6 65 (11.57%) Problem-Solving
7 64 (11.39%) Migration
8 62 (11.03%) Microservices
9 57 (10.14%) ITIL
9 57 (10.14%) Test Automation
10 51 (9.07%) OO
10 51 (9.07%) OOP
11 41 (7.30%) Scrum
12 38 (6.76%) Digital Transformation Programme
13 37 (6.58%) Deployment Automation
13 37 (6.58%) Mentoring
14 34 (6.05%) SDLC
14 34 (6.05%) SOA
15 31 (5.52%) Project Management
16 28 (4.98%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 126 (22.42%) Java
2 116 (20.64%) Python
3 92 (16.37%) PowerShell
4 85 (15.12%) SQL
5 69 (12.28%) Groovy
6 46 (8.19%) Bash Shell
7 43 (7.65%) JavaScript
8 38 (6.76%) Shell Script
9 27 (4.80%) Scala
10 25 (4.45%) Ruby
11 22 (3.91%) Perl
12 19 (3.38%) Clojure
13 17 (3.02%) C#
14 15 (2.67%) VBScript
15 11 (1.96%) C
16 7 (1.25%) Go
16 7 (1.25%) PHP
17 6 (1.07%) Apex Code
17 6 (1.07%) C++
18 4 (0.71%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 117 (20.82%) Security Cleared
2 94 (16.73%) SC Cleared
3 27 (4.80%) Microsoft Certification
4 20 (3.56%) Cisco Certification
5 17 (3.02%) Degree
6 15 (2.67%) CCNP
7 14 (2.49%) DV Cleared
8 13 (2.31%) MCSA
9 12 (2.14%) CCNA
9 12 (2.14%) MCSE
10 8 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
11 7 (1.25%) AWS Certification
11 7 (1.25%) CISSP
12 6 (1.07%) CCDP
12 6 (1.07%) Chartered Engineer
12 6 (1.07%) CISM
12 6 (1.07%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 5 (0.89%) MCP
13 5 (0.89%) RHCE
13 5 (0.89%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (2.31%) QA
2 9 (1.60%) Data Quality
2 9 (1.60%) SLA
3 6 (1.07%) GCP
3 6 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.53%) PMO
5 2 (0.36%) COBIT
5 2 (0.36%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.18%) GDPR
6 1 (0.18%) Government Security Classifications
6 1 (0.18%) HL7
6 1 (0.18%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.18%) JSP 440
6 1 (0.18%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 146 (25.98%) VMware Infrastructure
2 117 (20.82%) Active Directory
3 92 (16.37%) Hyper-V
4 91 (16.19%) Docker
5 37 (6.58%) vSphere
6 36 (6.41%) VMware ESXi
7 27 (4.80%) VirtualBox
8 17 (3.02%) Virtual Servers
9 13 (2.31%) NFS
10 12 (2.14%) XenApp
11 10 (1.78%) Oracle RAC
12 8 (1.42%) Firmware
12 8 (1.42%) Postfix
12 8 (1.42%) Squid
13 7 (1.25%) Microsoft App-V
13 7 (1.25%) VMware NSX
14 6 (1.07%) Xen
14 6 (1.07%) XenDesktop
15 5 (0.89%) KVM
15 5 (0.89%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 150 (26.69%) Puppet
2 124 (22.06%) Ansible
3 119 (21.17%) Opscode Chef
4 64 (11.39%) Terraform
5 61 (10.85%) Kubernetes
6 53 (9.43%) SCCM
7 38 (6.76%) Packer
8 26 (4.63%) Docker Swarm
9 25 (4.45%) WSUS
10 23 (4.09%) vCenter Server
11 21 (3.74%) SCOM
12 19 (3.38%) Failover Clustering
13 17 (3.02%) Microsoft Clustering
13 17 (3.02%) SCVMM
14 13 (2.31%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
15 12 (2.14%) ZABBIX
16 11 (1.96%) Data Guard
16 11 (1.96%) Microsoft Intune
17 10 (1.78%) HAProxy
18 9 (1.60%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 166 (29.54%) VMware
2 133 (23.67%) Microsoft
3 55 (9.79%) Cisco
3 55 (9.79%) Red Hat
4 52 (9.25%) Oracle
5 51 (9.07%) Citrix
6 44 (7.83%) Google
7 41 (7.30%) HP
8 28 (4.98%) Splunk
9 25 (4.45%) NetApp
10 24 (4.27%) IBM
11 22 (3.91%) New Relic
12 15 (2.67%) Ivanti
12 15 (2.67%) McAfee
13 14 (2.49%) Dell
14 11 (1.96%) Fortinet
14 11 (1.96%) SAP
15 10 (1.78%) Informatica
16 9 (1.60%) MKS
16 9 (1.60%) Veritas