The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 3 months to 25 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
25 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
Rank 396 358 368
Rank change year-on-year -38 +10  
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 201 311 272
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.44% 0.58% 0.51%
As % of the System Software category 3.98% 5.38% 5.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 130 164 164
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £286 £275 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £527 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.66%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 10 9
Median hourly rate £16.38 £31.75 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -48.42% +38.04%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.25 £19.00 £13.65
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £45.00 £27.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.38 £43.50 £26.00
% change year-on-year -62.35% +67.30%  

Virtual Machines is in the system software skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

Contract System Software Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 5045 5779 5426
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 11.14% 10.86% 10.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 3211 3506 2980
Median daily rate £400 £390 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £190 £200 £185
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £525 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £365 £350
% change year-on-year -4.10% +4.28%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 352 446 616
Median hourly rate £17.00 £16.38 £16.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.81% -  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £10.50 £11.00 £11.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.00 £45.00 £32.59
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.86 £16.50 £15.50
% change year-on-year -3.87% +6.45%  

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the System Software category.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 3 months to 25 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 3 months to 25 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -53 189 £450 +9.09% 47
London +51 108 £500 +8.10% 16
South West +12 20 £325 - 4
South East -63 18 £336 -18.48% 8
West Midlands +12 13 £450 -0.27% 2
Bristol +9 12 £250 -23.07% 1
East of England -3 12 £503 +128.40% 5
City of London +1 11 £425 -3.95% 5
Yorkshire +4 9 £200 -51.51% 4
Hampshire -29 9 £288 -24.09% 1
Essex -5 8 £508 +153.75% 1
Southend-on-Sea - 7 £503 -
Scotland +14 6 £425 -5.55% 3
Sheffield +4 6 £200 -30.43%
Birmingham +3 6 £450 +26.76%
South Yorkshire -2 6 £200 -50.76%
Surrey +7 5 £385 -
North West +15 4 £365 +6.56% 3
Croydon +11 4 £470 -
Edinburgh +8 4 £450 - 1
Telford +33 3 £401 -
Shropshire +33 3 £401 -
Leeds +7 3 £463 +15.62%
West Yorkshire +4 3 £463 +8.82% 4
Devon -2 3 £380 -
Plymouth -2 3 £380 -
Warwickshire -3 3 £550 +6.69%
Derby -21 3 £426 +11.37% 1
East Midlands -24 3 £426 +8.19% 2
Derbyshire -27 3 £426 +8.19% 1

Virtual Machines
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 190 (42.60%) Linux
2 163 (36.55%) Windows
3 145 (32.51%) VMware
4 129 (28.92%) DevOps
5 119 (26.68%) Microsoft
6 116 (26.01%) VMware Infrastructure
7 107 (23.99%) Agile Software Development
8 97 (21.75%) Jenkins
9 96 (21.52%) Puppet
10 85 (19.06%) Security Cleared
10 85 (19.06%) Microsoft Azure
11 83 (18.61%) Oracle
12 82 (18.39%) Docker
13 79 (17.71%) Active Directory
14 78 (17.49%) Windows Server
14 78 (17.49%) Amazon AWS
14 78 (17.49%) Continuous Integration
15 73 (16.37%) Red Hat
16 72 (16.14%) Java
17 70 (15.70%) Python
17 70 (15.70%) Bash Shell
17 70 (15.70%) Ansible
18 69 (15.47%) SC Cleared
19 68 (15.25%) Migration
20 63 (14.13%) Firewall
20 63 (14.13%) SQL
21 59 (13.23%) Scrum
22 58 (13.00%) Unix
22 58 (13.00%) Git (software)
23 57 (12.78%) CentOS

Virtual Machines
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (8.97%) nginx
2 32 (7.17%) Apache
3 29 (6.50%) Tomcat
4 21 (4.71%) WebLogic
5 18 (4.04%) Cloud Foundry
6 16 (3.59%) MS Exchange
7 15 (3.36%) Mule ESB
8 14 (3.14%) Jetty
8 14 (3.14%) WildFly
9 13 (2.91%) WebSphere
10 12 (2.69%) Confluence
10 12 (2.69%) Skype for Business
11 11 (2.47%) Exchange Server 2013
12 10 (2.24%) Exchange Server 2010
13 9 (2.02%) IIS
14 8 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
14 8 (1.79%) Oracle Application Server
15 7 (1.57%) WebSphere Application Server
16 6 (1.35%) SharePoint
17 5 (1.12%) OpenStack
Applications
1 24 (5.38%) MS Excel
2 18 (4.04%) MS Office
3 2 (0.45%) MS Project
4 1 (0.22%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 7 (1.57%) Oracle Applications
2 5 (1.12%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.90%) Oracle 11i
3 4 (0.90%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.22%) Maximo
4 1 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 85 (19.06%) Microsoft Azure
2 78 (17.49%) Amazon AWS
3 44 (9.87%) IaaS
3 44 (9.87%) PaaS
4 18 (4.04%) Office 365
5 17 (3.81%) GitHub
6 15 (3.36%) Heroku
7 12 (2.69%) Azure Active Directory
7 12 (2.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 11 (2.47%) Amazon EC2
9 10 (2.24%) Amazon ELB
9 10 (2.24%) Amazon S3
10 9 (2.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 9 (2.02%) Cloud Computing
10 9 (2.02%) Data Lake Analytics
11 6 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
12 5 (1.12%) AWS CloudTrail
12 5 (1.12%) SaaS
13 4 (0.90%) Amazon EMR
13 4 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 63 (14.13%) Firewall
2 41 (9.19%) SAN
3 38 (8.52%) DNS
4 31 (6.95%) VPN
5 28 (6.28%) HTTP
6 18 (4.04%) DHCP
6 18 (4.04%) LAN
7 14 (3.14%) Reverse Proxy
8 13 (2.91%) Network Security
8 13 (2.91%) WAN
9 12 (2.69%) Internet
9 12 (2.69%) TCP/IP
10 10 (2.24%) DMZ
10 10 (2.24%) iSCSI
10 10 (2.24%) LDAP
11 9 (2.02%) SSL
11 9 (2.02%) Unified Communications
12 8 (1.79%) SSH
13 7 (1.57%) NAS
13 7 (1.57%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (10.76%) SQL Server
2 39 (8.74%) PostgreSQL
3 31 (6.95%) Oracle Database
4 24 (5.38%) MySQL
4 24 (5.38%) SQL Server 2012
5 21 (4.71%) NoSQL
6 18 (4.04%) Data Warehouse
7 17 (3.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 15 (3.36%) Azure SQL Database
8 15 (3.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 14 (3.14%) Oracle Reports
10 13 (2.91%) Oracle Database 11g
11 12 (2.69%) Oracle Database 10g
11 12 (2.69%) SQL Server 2016
12 11 (2.47%) Big Data
12 11 (2.47%) MongoDB
12 11 (2.47%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 10 (2.24%) Amazon RDS
13 10 (2.24%) QlikView
14 9 (2.02%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 97 (21.75%) Jenkins
2 58 (13.00%) Git (software)
3 37 (8.30%) Maven
4 23 (5.16%) Mercurial
5 21 (4.71%) Sonatype Nexus
6 18 (4.04%) StarTeam
6 18 (4.04%) Vagrant
7 17 (3.81%) Gerrit
7 17 (3.81%) JIRA
7 17 (3.81%) Travis CI
8 16 (3.59%) CircleCI
8 16 (3.59%) Gradle
8 16 (3.59%) gulp
9 13 (2.91%) GitLab
9 13 (2.91%) Selenium
10 12 (2.69%) Ant
10 12 (2.69%) Team Foundation Server
10 12 (2.69%) Visual Studio
11 11 (2.47%) TeamCity
12 10 (2.24%) JUnit
General
1 39 (8.74%) Finance
2 22 (4.93%) Banking
3 16 (3.59%) Retail
4 14 (3.14%) Telecoms
5 10 (2.24%) Manufacturing
6 7 (1.57%) Advertising
7 6 (1.35%) Publishing
8 4 (0.90%) Electronics
8 4 (0.90%) Investment Banking
9 3 (0.67%) Back Office
9 3 (0.67%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.67%) Legal
9 3 (0.67%) Local Government
9 3 (0.67%) Marketing
9 3 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.45%) French Language
10 2 (0.45%) German Language
11 1 (0.22%) Dutch Language
11 1 (0.22%) Italian Language
11 1 (0.22%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 77 (17.26%) DevOps Engineer
2 58 (13.00%) Architect
3 52 (11.66%) Developer
4 40 (8.97%) Administrator
5 36 (8.07%) Consultant
5 36 (8.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 32 (7.17%) AWS Engineer
7 24 (5.38%) AWS DevOps
8 22 (4.93%) Azure Architect
8 22 (4.93%) Technical Architect
9 20 (4.48%) Systems Administrator
10 18 (4.04%) Senior DevOps
11 17 (3.81%) Analyst
11 17 (3.81%) Linux Engineer
11 17 (3.81%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 13 (2.91%) DBA
12 13 (2.91%) JavaScript Developer
13 12 (2.69%) Linux Administrator
13 12 (2.69%) Server Engineer
13 12 (2.69%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (8.97%) REST
2 37 (8.30%) Web Services
3 32 (7.17%) .NET
4 24 (5.38%) HTML
4 24 (5.38%) LAMP
5 22 (4.93%) LEMP Stack
6 21 (4.71%) LAPP Stack
7 19 (4.26%) Elastic Stack
8 18 (4.04%) XML
9 17 (3.81%) AngularJS
10 16 (3.59%) Middleware
11 15 (3.36%) Ember.js
12 14 (3.14%) CSS
12 14 (3.14%) JSON
12 14 (3.14%) Node.js
13 13 (2.91%) J2EE
13 13 (2.91%) RabbitMQ
14 12 (2.69%) React
15 10 (2.24%) ActiveMQ
15 10 (2.24%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 41 (9.19%) Data Centre
2 28 (6.28%) Clustering
3 26 (5.83%) Computer Science
4 22 (4.93%) Linux Command Line
5 15 (3.36%) Public Cloud
6 13 (2.91%) Analytical Skills
7 10 (2.24%) EMC VNX
7 10 (2.24%) Mainframe
7 10 (2.24%) Replication
8 9 (2.02%) Private Cloud
9 7 (1.57%) Hybrid Cloud
10 5 (1.12%) Client/Server
11 4 (0.90%) Digital TV
11 4 (0.90%) Management Information System
11 4 (0.90%) MPEG
11 4 (0.90%) STB
12 3 (0.67%) Blackberry
12 3 (0.67%) Mobile App
12 3 (0.67%) Oracle Exalytics
12 3 (0.67%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 190 (42.60%) Linux
2 163 (36.55%) Windows
3 78 (17.49%) Windows Server
4 58 (13.00%) Unix
5 57 (12.78%) CentOS
6 56 (12.56%) Windows Server 2012
7 51 (11.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 43 (9.64%) Windows Server 2008
9 27 (6.05%) Ubuntu
10 25 (5.61%) VME
11 23 (5.16%) AIX
12 22 (4.93%) Oracle Linux
13 17 (3.81%) Windows 10
14 16 (3.59%) Solaris
15 15 (3.36%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 12 (2.69%) SUSE
16 12 (2.69%) Windows 7
17 10 (2.24%) Windows Server 2003
18 5 (1.12%) VMS
19 3 (0.67%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 129 (28.92%) DevOps
2 107 (23.99%) Agile Software Development
3 78 (17.49%) Continuous Integration
4 68 (15.25%) Migration
5 59 (13.23%) Scrum
6 53 (11.88%) ITIL
7 50 (11.21%) Configuration Management
8 37 (8.30%) Continuous Delivery
9 35 (7.85%) Open Source
10 33 (7.40%) Load Balancing
11 31 (6.95%) Software Engineering
12 26 (5.83%) High Availability
12 26 (5.83%) TDD
13 25 (5.61%) Mentoring
14 22 (4.93%) BDD
15 21 (4.71%) Business Intelligence
16 20 (4.48%) Service Management
17 19 (4.26%) Automated Testing
17 19 (4.26%) Performance Tuning
18 18 (4.04%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 72 (16.14%) Java
2 70 (15.70%) Bash Shell
2 70 (15.70%) Python
3 63 (14.13%) SQL
4 44 (9.87%) Perl
4 44 (9.87%) PowerShell
5 39 (8.74%) Ruby
6 30 (6.73%) Shell Script
7 29 (6.50%) JavaScript
8 28 (6.28%) Groovy
9 21 (4.71%) C#
10 19 (4.26%) COBOL
11 12 (2.69%) VBScript
12 10 (2.24%) PHP
12 10 (2.24%) T-SQL
13 8 (1.79%) C++
14 7 (1.57%) F#
14 7 (1.57%) Korn
15 6 (1.35%) Scala
15 6 (1.35%) VB
Qualifications
1 85 (19.06%) Security Cleared
2 69 (15.47%) SC Cleared
3 25 (5.61%) Degree
4 14 (3.14%) BPSS Clearance
5 13 (2.91%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 12 (2.69%) Microsoft Certification
7 9 (2.02%) ISEB
7 9 (2.02%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 9 (2.02%) MCSE
8 8 (1.79%) Cisco Certification
9 6 (1.35%) AWS Certification
9 6 (1.35%) ISEB Practitioner
10 5 (1.12%) CCNA
10 5 (1.12%) DV Cleared
10 5 (1.12%) EMC Certification
11 4 (0.90%) RHCE
12 3 (0.67%) ISTQB
12 3 (0.67%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 3 (0.67%) MCSD
12 3 (0.67%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (1.79%) SLA
2 7 (1.57%) Disclosure Scotland
2 7 (1.57%) PCI DSS
2 7 (1.57%) QA
3 3 (0.67%) PA-DSS
4 2 (0.45%) ISO 14001
4 2 (0.45%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.22%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 116 (26.01%) VMware Infrastructure
2 82 (18.39%) Docker
3 79 (17.71%) Active Directory
4 46 (10.31%) Hyper-V
5 34 (7.62%) vSphere
6 20 (4.48%) VMware ESXi
7 19 (4.26%) vCloud
7 19 (4.26%) VMware ESX
8 16 (3.59%) Virtual Servers
9 14 (3.14%) Xen
10 13 (2.91%) XenApp
11 7 (1.57%) Oracle RAC
12 5 (1.12%) FreeRADIUS
12 5 (1.12%) XenDesktop
13 4 (0.90%) Microsoft App-V
13 4 (0.90%) Postfix
13 4 (0.90%) Squid
13 4 (0.90%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 4 (0.90%) Veritas File System
14 3 (0.67%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 96 (21.52%) Puppet
2 70 (15.70%) Ansible
3 46 (10.31%) Opscode Chef
4 42 (9.42%) SCCM
5 22 (4.93%) Kubernetes
5 22 (4.93%) SCOM
6 20 (4.48%) logstash
6 20 (4.48%) vRealize
7 19 (4.26%) Kibana
7 19 (4.26%) ZABBIX
8 18 (4.04%) Terraform
9 16 (3.59%) Failover Clustering
10 15 (3.36%) HAProxy
11 13 (2.91%) Tivoli Storage Manager
12 11 (2.47%) SCVMM
13 8 (1.79%) Docker Swarm
13 8 (1.79%) Nagios
13 8 (1.79%) NetBackup
14 7 (1.57%) Microsoft Clustering
14 7 (1.57%) WSUS
Vendors
1 145 (32.51%) VMware
2 119 (26.68%) Microsoft
3 83 (18.61%) Oracle
4 73 (16.37%) Red Hat
5 45 (10.09%) HP
6 30 (6.73%) IBM
7 29 (6.50%) Cisco
8 28 (6.28%) Citrix
9 27 (6.05%) NetApp
10 20 (4.48%) Dell
11 19 (4.26%) ICL
12 17 (3.81%) EMC
13 14 (3.14%) Remedy
14 11 (2.47%) Symantec
15 10 (2.24%) Tableau
16 8 (1.79%) CheckPoint
17 7 (1.57%) Nimble Storage
17 7 (1.57%) Sonatype
18 6 (1.35%) Brocade
18 6 (1.35%) Dell Compellent
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Hampshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £319 - £371 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Staffworx Ltd
Rate: excellent rates, 6 months initial contract
Posted: 4 days ago