Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 450 441 446
Rank change year-on-year -9 +5 -47
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 524 531 556
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.50% 0.52% 0.52%
As % of the System Software category 3.33% 4.12% 4.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 396 303 368
UK median daily rate £493 £401 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +22.97% -8.46% +9.38%
10th Percentile £300 £213 £275
90th Percentile £700 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +15.63% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 16 18
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £46.42 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -59.71% +68.78% -21.43%
10th Percentile £14.92 £14.75 £11.95
90th Percentile £36.90 £47.83 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.41 £14.00 £15.50
% change year-on-year +24.36% -9.68% -55.71%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 15,743 12,894 13,157
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.15% 12.53% 12.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,270 8,355 8,233
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +8.84%
10th Percentile £181 £156 £173
90th Percentile £625 £605 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 889 725 894
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.70 £15.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.19% +6.03% -1.56%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.40 £10.50
90th Percentile £43.75 £46.70 £42.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.86 £15.50 £15.00
% change year-on-year +2.32% +3.33% -6.25%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 501 £500 +20.48% 148
UK excluding London -22 329 £463 +15.63% 104
London +15 193 £550 +22.22% 51
South East +11 113 £427 +42.25% 22
North of England +35 110 £500 +26.18% 26
North West +32 75 £700 +102.90% 15
Midlands -64 36 £365 -23.12% 18
Scotland +9 31 £700 +86.67% 2
South West -30 29 £450 -18.18% 15
Yorkshire -1 28 £450 +22.03% 8
West Midlands -31 26 £365 -8.86% 9
East of England -3 22 £500 +25.00% 16
East Midlands -33 10 £488 -1.02% 9
Wales -15 9 £400 +6.67% 4
North East -5 7 £525 +27.27% 3

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 210 (40.08%) Windows
2 198 (37.79%) DevOps
3 182 (34.73%) Linux
4 170 (32.44%) Microsoft Azure
5 151 (28.82%) VMware
6 139 (26.53%) Puppet
7 133 (25.38%) Ansible
8 128 (24.43%) Microsoft
9 126 (24.05%) Java
10 122 (23.28%) Jenkins
11 119 (22.71%) VMware Infrastructure
12 110 (20.99%) Windows Server
13 108 (20.61%) PowerShell
14 100 (19.08%) Agile Software Development
14 100 (19.08%) Opscode Chef
15 98 (18.70%) Docker
15 98 (18.70%) Amazon AWS
16 97 (18.51%) Open Source
17 96 (18.32%) Active Directory
18 94 (17.94%) PaaS
19 93 (17.75%) Python
20 92 (17.56%) Security Cleared
20 92 (17.56%) Continuous Integration
21 80 (15.27%) SQL
22 78 (14.89%) DNS
22 78 (14.89%) Groovy
22 78 (14.89%) Travis CI
23 73 (13.93%) ITIL
24 71 (13.55%) Configuration Management
24 71 (13.55%) Hyper-V

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (11.26%) nginx
2 45 (8.59%) Cloud Foundry
3 31 (5.92%) SharePoint
4 28 (5.34%) MS Exchange
5 25 (4.77%) Tomcat
6 23 (4.39%) Confluence
7 17 (3.24%) Exchange Server 2010
8 16 (3.05%) Apache
9 10 (1.91%) Exchange Server 2013
9 10 (1.91%) IIS
9 10 (1.91%) JBoss
9 10 (1.91%) OpenStack
10 9 (1.72%) Elasticsearch
11 7 (1.34%) Skype for Business
12 4 (0.76%) WebSphere
13 2 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2007
13 2 (0.38%) SAS
13 2 (0.38%) TPMS
14 1 (0.19%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 1 (0.19%) MQSeries
Applications
1 26 (4.96%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.95%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 5 (0.95%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.76%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (0.76%) Payment Gateway
2 3 (0.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.57%) Teamcenter
3 2 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.38%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.19%) Oracle iProcurement
4 1 (0.19%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 170 (32.44%) Microsoft Azure
2 98 (18.70%) Amazon AWS
3 94 (17.94%) PaaS
4 58 (11.07%) IaaS
5 55 (10.50%) Office 365
6 47 (8.97%) npm
7 40 (7.63%) AWS CloudFormation
8 32 (6.11%) Google Cloud Platform
9 31 (5.92%) GitHub
10 30 (5.73%) Azure Active Directory
11 27 (5.15%) Amazon EC2
12 25 (4.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 19 (3.63%) SaaS
14 15 (2.86%) Amazon S3
15 13 (2.48%) Datadog
16 12 (2.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 10 (1.91%) Amazon ELB
17 10 (1.91%) Dynamics 365
18 9 (1.72%) Serverless
19 7 (1.34%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 78 (14.89%) DNS
2 52 (9.92%) Firewall
3 44 (8.40%) DHCP
3 44 (8.40%) TCP/IP
4 37 (7.06%) SAN
4 37 (7.06%) VPN
5 28 (5.34%) HTTP
6 21 (4.01%) SSL
7 19 (3.63%) LAN
8 18 (3.44%) WAN
9 15 (2.86%) iSCSI
9 15 (2.86%) SSH
10 14 (2.67%) Internet
11 12 (2.29%) FTP
11 12 (2.29%) IPsec
11 12 (2.29%) NAS
12 10 (1.91%) Network Security
13 9 (1.72%) Cisco ASA
13 9 (1.72%) Fibre Channel
13 9 (1.72%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (10.31%) SQL Server
2 33 (6.30%) MySQL
3 24 (4.58%) PostgreSQL
4 23 (4.39%) MongoDB
5 22 (4.20%) NoSQL
6 21 (4.01%) Relational Database
7 17 (3.24%) Azure SQL Database
7 17 (3.24%) RDBMS
8 16 (3.05%) Oracle Database
9 15 (2.86%) Data Lake
9 15 (2.86%) Power BI
10 13 (2.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 12 (2.29%) Oracle Database 12c
12 10 (1.91%) Redis
12 10 (1.91%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 9 (1.72%) Amazon RDS
13 9 (1.72%) Data Warehouse
13 9 (1.72%) HDInsight
14 8 (1.53%) Apache Cassandra
14 8 (1.53%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 122 (23.28%) Jenkins
2 78 (14.89%) Travis CI
3 71 (13.55%) Git (software)
4 56 (10.69%) Maven
5 48 (9.16%) Gradle
6 47 (8.97%) CircleCI
6 47 (8.97%) gulp
7 46 (8.78%) IBM UrbanCode
8 42 (8.02%) JIRA
9 40 (7.63%) Visual Studio Team System
10 32 (6.11%) Team Foundation Server
11 26 (4.96%) Vagrant
12 22 (4.20%) Selenium
13 20 (3.82%) Mercurial
14 19 (3.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 17 (3.24%) GitLab
15 17 (3.24%) Visual Studio
16 15 (2.86%) Ant
17 14 (2.67%) JUnit
17 14 (2.67%) SonarQube
General
1 42 (8.02%) Finance
2 15 (2.86%) Retail
3 14 (2.67%) Telecoms
4 11 (2.10%) Banking
5 9 (1.72%) Publishing
6 8 (1.53%) Billing
7 7 (1.34%) Back Office
8 6 (1.15%) Marketing
9 5 (0.95%) Law
10 3 (0.57%) Advertising
10 3 (0.57%) Financial Institution
10 3 (0.57%) Legal
10 3 (0.57%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.57%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.38%) Front Office
11 2 (0.38%) Military
12 1 (0.19%) Electronics
12 1 (0.19%) Investment Banking
12 1 (0.19%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 146 (27.86%) DevOps Engineer
2 49 (9.35%) Architect
3 33 (6.30%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 32 (6.11%) Azure Engineer
5 29 (5.53%) Consultant
5 29 (5.53%) Developer
6 27 (5.15%) Administrator
7 23 (4.39%) Analyst
8 21 (4.01%) Systems Administrator
9 19 (3.63%) Azure DevOps
9 19 (3.63%) DBA
10 17 (3.24%) Cloud Engineer
10 17 (3.24%) Support Engineer
11 16 (3.05%) Java Developer
11 16 (3.05%) Systems Engineer
12 15 (2.86%) VMware Engineer
13 14 (2.67%) Azure Architect
13 14 (2.67%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 14 (2.67%) Senior Developer
14 13 (2.48%) 3rd Line Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (5.53%) Elastic Stack
2 26 (4.96%) .NET
3 20 (3.82%) RESTful
4 19 (3.63%) CSS
4 19 (3.63%) HTML
5 15 (2.86%) SAML
6 14 (2.67%) Node.js
6 14 (2.67%) REST
7 13 (2.48%) JSP
7 13 (2.48%) LDAP
7 13 (2.48%) SOAP
8 11 (2.10%) CSS3
8 11 (2.10%) HTML5
8 11 (2.10%) Oracle GoldenGate
8 11 (2.10%) Web Services
9 9 (1.72%) ASP.NET
9 9 (1.72%) LAMP
10 8 (1.53%) MCollective
10 8 (1.53%) Struts
11 6 (1.15%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 45 (8.59%) Data Centre
2 35 (6.68%) Clustering
3 20 (3.82%) Analytical Skills
4 18 (3.44%) Mobile App
5 17 (3.24%) Linux Command Line
6 15 (2.86%) Fat Client
6 15 (2.86%) Hybrid Cloud
6 15 (2.86%) PKI
6 15 (2.86%) Private Cloud
6 15 (2.86%) Thin Client
7 14 (2.67%) Computer Science
8 12 (2.29%) Replication
9 11 (2.10%) Management Information System
10 9 (1.72%) VxBlock/Vblock
11 8 (1.53%) Self-Motivation
12 6 (1.15%) iPhone
12 6 (1.15%) Public Cloud
13 5 (0.95%) HP StoreVirtual
14 4 (0.76%) EMC VNX
14 4 (0.76%) Enterprise Storage
Operating Systems
1 210 (40.08%) Windows
2 182 (34.73%) Linux
3 110 (20.99%) Windows Server
4 62 (11.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 49 (9.35%) Windows Server 2012
6 47 (8.97%) CentOS
7 40 (7.63%) Windows Server 2008
8 39 (7.44%) Unix
9 31 (5.92%) Ubuntu
10 17 (3.24%) Windows 7
11 16 (3.05%) Solaris
11 16 (3.05%) Windows 10
12 14 (2.67%) Windows Server 2003
13 13 (2.48%) Oracle Linux
13 13 (2.48%) VMS
14 9 (1.72%) DC/OS
15 8 (1.53%) SUSE
16 7 (1.34%) Debian
17 6 (1.15%) Data ONTAP
18 4 (0.76%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 198 (37.79%) DevOps
2 100 (19.08%) Agile Software Development
3 97 (18.51%) Open Source
4 92 (17.56%) Continuous Integration
5 73 (13.93%) ITIL
6 71 (13.55%) Configuration Management
7 64 (12.21%) Test Automation
8 51 (9.73%) Problem-Solving
9 48 (9.16%) Migration
10 47 (8.97%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 45 (8.59%) Microservices
12 42 (8.02%) Scrum
13 41 (7.82%) Performance Tuning
14 38 (7.25%) Data Protection
15 36 (6.87%) Continuous Delivery
16 33 (6.30%) Mentoring
16 33 (6.30%) OO
16 33 (6.30%) OOP
17 31 (5.92%) Digital Transformation Programme
18 29 (5.53%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 126 (24.05%) Java
2 108 (20.61%) PowerShell
3 93 (17.75%) Python
4 80 (15.27%) SQL
5 78 (14.89%) Groovy
6 61 (11.64%) Shell Script
7 35 (6.68%) Bash Shell
8 28 (5.34%) JavaScript
9 21 (4.01%) Scala
10 14 (2.67%) C#
10 14 (2.67%) Clojure
10 14 (2.67%) Perl
11 12 (2.29%) Ruby
12 8 (1.53%) VB
13 7 (1.34%) C
14 5 (0.95%) Go
14 5 (0.95%) PHP
15 4 (0.76%) XQuery
16 3 (0.57%) C++
16 3 (0.57%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 92 (17.56%) Security Cleared
2 63 (12.02%) SC Cleared
3 47 (8.97%) Microsoft Certification
4 26 (4.96%) MCSE
5 25 (4.77%) DV Cleared
6 20 (3.82%) Degree
7 18 (3.44%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 17 (3.24%) MCSA
9 13 (2.48%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (2.48%) Computer Science Degree
10 10 (1.91%) CCA
10 10 (1.91%) Citrix Certification
10 10 (1.91%) VCAP
11 9 (1.72%) VCP4
12 8 (1.53%) AWS Certification
12 8 (1.53%) CCNA
12 8 (1.53%) CCNP
12 8 (1.53%) OCP
12 8 (1.53%) Oracle Certification
13 7 (1.34%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (2.67%) QA
2 11 (2.10%) SLA
3 8 (1.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.95%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.76%) GDPR
6 3 (0.57%) Government Security Classifications
7 2 (0.38%) COBIT
7 2 (0.38%) NIST 800
7 2 (0.38%) PMO
8 1 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.19%) HL7
8 1 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 1 (0.19%) JSP 440
8 1 (0.19%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 119 (22.71%) VMware Infrastructure
2 98 (18.70%) Docker
3 96 (18.32%) Active Directory
4 71 (13.55%) Hyper-V
5 44 (8.40%) vSphere
6 30 (5.73%) VMware ESXi
7 16 (3.05%) Firmware
7 16 (3.05%) vCloud
7 16 (3.05%) VirtualBox
7 16 (3.05%) XenApp
8 14 (2.67%) NFS
8 14 (2.67%) Oracle RAC
9 13 (2.48%) Virtual Servers
10 11 (2.10%) VMware NSX
11 10 (1.91%) XenServer
12 9 (1.72%) iptables
13 8 (1.53%) Postfix
13 8 (1.53%) Squid
14 5 (0.95%) Xen
14 5 (0.95%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 139 (26.53%) Puppet
2 133 (25.38%) Ansible
3 100 (19.08%) Opscode Chef
4 64 (12.21%) Kubernetes
4 64 (12.21%) Terraform
5 51 (9.73%) SCCM
6 28 (5.34%) Packer
6 28 (5.34%) vCenter Server
7 20 (3.82%) SCVMM
8 19 (3.63%) Microsoft Clustering
9 18 (3.44%) Docker Swarm
9 18 (3.44%) SCOM
10 15 (2.86%) Data Guard
10 15 (2.86%) Single Sign-On
10 15 (2.86%) WSUS
11 13 (2.48%) Nagios
11 13 (2.48%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 12 (2.29%) Failover Clustering
12 12 (2.29%) ZABBIX
13 10 (1.91%) yum
Vendors
1 151 (28.82%) VMware
2 128 (24.43%) Microsoft
3 68 (12.98%) Citrix
4 54 (10.31%) Oracle
5 50 (9.54%) Cisco
6 36 (6.87%) HP
7 33 (6.30%) Google
7 33 (6.30%) Red Hat
8 22 (4.20%) McAfee
9 21 (4.01%) Splunk
10 20 (3.82%) NetApp
11 19 (3.63%) New Relic
12 13 (2.48%) IBM
12 13 (2.48%) MKS
13 12 (2.29%) CheckPoint
14 8 (1.53%) Dell
14 8 (1.53%) Remedy
14 8 (1.53%) Sonatype
15 7 (1.34%) Fortinet
15 7 (1.34%) Symantec