Period
to 17 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 17 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 419 415 389
Rank change year-on-year -4 -26 +90
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 518 586 642
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.52% 0.55% 0.57%
As % of the System Software category 4.28% 4.45% 5.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 298 392 382
UK median daily rate £418 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.76% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £213 £298 £255
90th Percentile £588 £575 £530
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £401 £393
% change year-on-year -0.12% +2.04% +4.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 15 44
UK median hourly rate £43.21 £25.00 £31.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +72.83% -20.63% +58.21%
10th Percentile £16.27 £13.45 £19.25
90th Percentile £47.83 £44.00 £49.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £19.00 £27.75
% change year-on-year -15.79% -31.53% +22.30%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 12106 13178 11592
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.20% 12.36% 10.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 7782 8253 6507
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £351
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +14.12% +4.63%
10th Percentile £158 £175 £160
90th Percentile £600 £575 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £360 £335
% change year-on-year +4.17% +7.46% +4.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 679 895 1266
UK median hourly rate £16.70 £16.00 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.38% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £10.40 £10.50 £10.13
90th Percentile £47.25 £41.00 £38.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.50 £15.50 £15.50

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 17 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 17 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -9 478 £425 -2.86% 57
UK excluding London +11 326 £400 -0.12% 41
London -37 177 £463 -2.63% 19
South East +25 111 £313 -26.47% 13
Midlands +40 78 £475 +13.04% 5
North of England +26 52 £396 -20.75% 8
East Midlands +30 47 £493 +15.88% 2
East of England -23 32 £400 +23.08% 9
West Midlands +6 31 £400 - 3
South West -12 26 £525 +40.00% 3
North West -1 25 £368 -26.50% 8
Scotland +12 19 £313 +4.17% 3
Yorkshire -1 18 £369 -26.25%
North East +73 9 £405 -19.00%
Northern Ireland - 6 - -
Wales +11 3 £345 -1.43%

For the 6 months to 17 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 225 (43.44%) Linux
2 204 (39.38%) Windows
3 168 (32.43%) VMware
4 140 (27.03%) Active Directory
5 134 (25.87%) Microsoft
6 132 (25.48%) Microsoft Azure
7 124 (23.94%) VMware Infrastructure
8 121 (23.36%) DevOps
9 102 (19.69%) Java
10 96 (18.53%) Security Cleared
11 83 (16.02%) Agile Software Development
12 81 (15.64%) Windows Server
13 80 (15.44%) Oracle
14 78 (15.06%) Python
14 78 (15.06%) SC Cleared
15 76 (14.67%) Puppet
16 71 (13.71%) Unix
17 69 (13.32%) DNS
17 69 (13.32%) Jenkins
17 69 (13.32%) Amazon AWS
18 66 (12.74%) Migration
19 63 (12.16%) Firewall
20 58 (11.20%) SQL
21 57 (11.00%) SQL Server
21 57 (11.00%) Ansible
22 56 (10.81%) PaaS
22 56 (10.81%) Configuration Management
22 56 (10.81%) Red Hat
23 54 (10.42%) Finance
23 54 (10.42%) Perl

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (7.72%) Tomcat
2 31 (5.98%) Apache
3 29 (5.60%) nginx
4 22 (4.25%) IIS
5 21 (4.05%) MS Exchange
6 19 (3.67%) Elasticsearch
7 18 (3.47%) Confluence
8 15 (2.90%) SharePoint
9 14 (2.70%) Cloud Foundry
10 11 (2.12%) Exchange Server 2013
11 10 (1.93%) Exchange Server 2010
12 9 (1.74%) Apache Spark
12 9 (1.74%) CMS
13 8 (1.54%) JBoss
13 8 (1.54%) WebSphere
14 7 (1.35%) Skype for Business
15 6 (1.16%) OpenStack
16 5 (0.97%) Jetty
16 5 (0.97%) Oracle Application Server
16 5 (0.97%) SAS
Applications
1 25 (4.83%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.93%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.19%) HipChat
5 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 29 (5.60%) SAP ERP
2 7 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (1.35%) Oracle Applications
3 6 (1.16%) Oracle 11i
3 6 (1.16%) Oracle EBS R12
4 3 (0.58%) Algo Collateral
4 3 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.39%) Maximo
5 2 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 132 (25.48%) Microsoft Azure
2 69 (13.32%) Amazon AWS
3 56 (10.81%) PaaS
4 51 (9.85%) IaaS
5 35 (6.76%) Office 365
6 19 (3.67%) Amazon EC2
6 19 (3.67%) Azure Active Directory
7 17 (3.28%) Amazon S3
8 16 (3.09%) Amazon ELB
8 16 (3.09%) npm
9 14 (2.70%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 13 (2.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 10 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (1.93%) SaaS
12 9 (1.74%) Google Cloud Platform
13 5 (0.97%) OpenShift
14 4 (0.77%) Adobe Analytics
14 4 (0.77%) G Suite
15 2 (0.39%) Azure Data Factory
15 2 (0.39%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 69 (13.32%) DNS
2 63 (12.16%) Firewall
3 42 (8.11%) SAN
4 38 (7.34%) TCP/IP
5 36 (6.95%) DHCP
6 28 (5.41%) HTTP
7 23 (4.44%) SSH
8 21 (4.05%) VPN
9 15 (2.90%) LDAP
9 15 (2.90%) VLAN
10 14 (2.70%) NAS
11 13 (2.51%) OpenLDAP
11 13 (2.51%) OpenVPN
12 11 (2.12%) LAN
12 11 (2.12%) Network Security
13 10 (1.93%) SSL
13 10 (1.93%) VoIP
14 9 (1.74%) Internet
15 8 (1.54%) WAN
16 7 (1.35%) IP Telephony
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (11.00%) SQL Server
2 23 (4.44%) MongoDB
3 19 (3.67%) Hadoop
3 19 (3.67%) PostgreSQL
3 19 (3.67%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 18 (3.47%) Amazon RDS
5 16 (3.09%) Oracle Database
6 15 (2.90%) Data Warehouse
7 13 (2.51%) Big Data
8 12 (2.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 11 (2.12%) Relational Database
10 10 (1.93%) Azure SQL Database
11 9 (1.74%) SQL Server 2012
12 8 (1.54%) DB2
12 8 (1.54%) OLAP
13 7 (1.35%) Oracle Reports
14 6 (1.16%) NoSQL
14 6 (1.16%) OLAP Cube
14 6 (1.16%) Oracle Database 10g
14 6 (1.16%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 69 (13.32%) Jenkins
2 45 (8.69%) Maven
3 37 (7.14%) Git (software)
4 31 (5.98%) JIRA
5 26 (5.02%) Sonatype Nexus
6 22 (4.25%) Gradle
7 21 (4.05%) Ant
8 19 (3.67%) Subversion
9 18 (3.47%) Bitbucket
10 16 (3.09%) gulp
11 14 (2.70%) JUnit
11 14 (2.70%) Liquibase
11 14 (2.70%) SonarQube
12 13 (2.51%) IBM UrbanCode
12 13 (2.51%) Travis CI
13 12 (2.32%) CircleCI
13 12 (2.32%) Team Foundation Server
13 12 (2.32%) TeamCity
14 8 (1.54%) Visual Studio
15 7 (1.35%) SoapUI
General
1 54 (10.42%) Finance
2 22 (4.25%) Banking
3 21 (4.05%) Telecoms
4 17 (3.28%) Retail
5 9 (1.74%) Legal
5 9 (1.74%) Manufacturing
6 6 (1.16%) Front Office
6 6 (1.16%) Investment Banking
6 6 (1.16%) Publishing
7 4 (0.77%) Marketing
8 3 (0.58%) Advertising
8 3 (0.58%) Back Office
8 3 (0.58%) Electronics
9 2 (0.39%) Billing
9 2 (0.39%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.39%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.19%) Law
10 1 (0.19%) Local Government
10 1 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 67 (12.93%) DevOps Engineer
2 58 (11.20%) Architect
3 46 (8.88%) Administrator
4 44 (8.49%) Consultant
5 37 (7.14%) Developer
6 30 (5.79%) Analyst
6 30 (5.79%) Systems Administrator
7 29 (5.60%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 27 (5.21%) Unix Engineer
9 26 (5.02%) Linux Engineer
10 25 (4.83%) Azure Architect
11 24 (4.63%) Support Engineer
12 22 (4.25%) AWS Engineer
13 20 (3.86%) Cloud Engineer
14 19 (3.67%) Design Engineer
15 18 (3.47%) Linux Administrator
16 16 (3.09%) DBA
16 16 (3.09%) Java Developer
16 16 (3.09%) VMware Engineer
17 15 (2.90%) Desktop Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (8.49%) .NET
2 40 (7.72%) Web Services
3 32 (6.18%) REST
4 25 (4.83%) Elastic Stack
5 19 (3.67%) Middleware
5 19 (3.67%) XML
6 18 (3.47%) AngularJS
7 17 (3.28%) ASP.NET
8 15 (2.90%) HTML
9 14 (2.70%) RESTful
10 13 (2.51%) J2EE
10 13 (2.51%) JSON
10 13 (2.51%) MCollective
11 12 (2.32%) .NET Framework
11 12 (2.32%) SOAP
12 10 (1.93%) CSS
12 10 (1.93%) Struts
13 9 (1.74%) ASP.NET Web API
14 8 (1.54%) React
14 8 (1.54%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 28 (5.41%) Computer Science
2 19 (3.67%) Data Centre
2 19 (3.67%) Linux Command Line
3 16 (3.09%) Analytical Skills
4 13 (2.51%) Clustering
5 12 (2.32%) Replication
6 10 (1.93%) Life Science
6 10 (1.93%) Private Cloud
6 10 (1.93%) Public Cloud
7 9 (1.74%) Hybrid Cloud
7 9 (1.74%) PKI
8 8 (1.54%) iPad
8 8 (1.54%) Mainframe
9 7 (1.35%) Management Information System
9 7 (1.35%) User Experience
10 6 (1.16%) Blackberry
10 6 (1.16%) Enterprise Storage
10 6 (1.16%) Mobile App
10 6 (1.16%) N-Tier
11 5 (0.97%) HP Storage
Operating Systems
1 225 (43.44%) Linux
2 204 (39.38%) Windows
3 81 (15.64%) Windows Server
4 71 (13.71%) Unix
5 51 (9.85%) CentOS
5 51 (9.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 45 (8.69%) Windows Server 2012
7 37 (7.14%) Windows Server 2008
8 36 (6.95%) Solaris
9 27 (5.21%) Windows 7
10 21 (4.05%) Ubuntu
10 21 (4.05%) Windows 10
11 10 (1.93%) VMS
12 7 (1.35%) AIX
12 7 (1.35%) Mac OS X
13 6 (1.16%) Oracle Linux
13 6 (1.16%) Windows Server 2003
14 5 (0.97%) SUSE
15 4 (0.77%) HPUX
15 4 (0.77%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 121 (23.36%) DevOps
2 83 (16.02%) Agile Software Development
3 66 (12.74%) Migration
4 56 (10.81%) Configuration Management
5 50 (9.65%) Continuous Integration
6 42 (8.11%) Scrum
7 39 (7.53%) Continuous Delivery
7 39 (7.53%) Project Management
8 36 (6.95%) Disaster Recovery
8 36 (6.95%) Mentoring
9 35 (6.76%) ITIL
10 33 (6.37%) Load Balancing
11 29 (5.60%) ERP
12 26 (5.02%) Information Security
13 24 (4.63%) Service Management
13 24 (4.63%) Stakeholder Management
14 22 (4.25%) Open Source
15 20 (3.86%) Risk Management
15 20 (3.86%) Test Automation
16 19 (3.67%) Data Migration
Programming Languages
1 102 (19.69%) Java
2 78 (15.06%) Python
3 58 (11.20%) SQL
4 54 (10.42%) Perl
4 54 (10.42%) PowerShell
5 38 (7.34%) Bash Shell
6 37 (7.14%) Shell Script
7 29 (5.60%) Groovy
8 28 (5.41%) Korn
9 20 (3.86%) C#
9 20 (3.86%) JavaScript
10 16 (3.09%) Ruby
11 11 (2.12%) C++
12 7 (1.35%) C
13 6 (1.16%) VBScript
14 5 (0.97%) PL/SQL
14 5 (0.97%) T-SQL
15 4 (0.77%) Apex Code
15 4 (0.77%) F#
15 4 (0.77%) PHP
Qualifications
1 96 (18.53%) Security Cleared
2 78 (15.06%) SC Cleared
3 32 (6.18%) Degree
4 26 (5.02%) Microsoft Certification
5 21 (4.05%) MCSE
6 13 (2.51%) Cisco Certification
7 12 (2.32%) DV Cleared
7 12 (2.32%) MCSA
7 12 (2.32%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 10 (1.93%) GCIA
8 10 (1.93%) GCIH
8 10 (1.93%) GIAC
8 10 (1.93%) SANS
9 7 (1.35%) CCNA
10 4 (0.77%) CCNP
10 4 (0.77%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 4 (0.77%) ITIL Certification
10 4 (0.77%) MCITP
10 4 (0.77%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 3 (0.58%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 15 (2.90%) HIPAA
2 15 (2.90%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 15 (2.90%) SLA
3 14 (2.70%) Actionable Recommendations
4 10 (1.93%) NIST 800
5 7 (1.35%) QA
6 4 (0.77%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.58%) HL7
8 2 (0.39%) GCP
8 2 (0.39%) MiFID
9 1 (0.19%) GDPR
9 1 (0.19%) ISO 22301
9 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.19%) PMO
System Software
1 140 (27.03%) Active Directory
2 124 (23.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 49 (9.46%) Docker
4 42 (8.11%) Hyper-V
5 37 (7.14%) vSphere
6 31 (5.98%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 28 (5.41%) VMware ESXi
8 17 (3.28%) vCloud
9 13 (2.51%) Postfix
9 13 (2.51%) Squid
10 9 (1.74%) XenApp
11 6 (1.16%) VMware NSX
12 5 (0.97%) KVM
12 5 (0.97%) OpenAM
12 5 (0.97%) Samba
12 5 (0.97%) Virtual Servers
13 4 (0.77%) Virtual Desktop
13 4 (0.77%) VMware Server
13 4 (0.77%) Xen
14 3 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 76 (14.67%) Puppet
2 57 (11.00%) Ansible
3 35 (6.76%) Opscode Chef
4 33 (6.37%) Terraform
5 32 (6.18%) Kubernetes
6 30 (5.79%) SCCM
7 20 (3.86%) Kibana
7 20 (3.86%) logstash
8 17 (3.28%) ZABBIX
9 16 (3.09%) Nagios
10 14 (2.70%) vRealize
11 13 (2.51%) Docker Swarm
11 13 (2.51%) Rancher
11 13 (2.51%) Rsyslog
11 13 (2.51%) Sysdig
12 12 (2.32%) SCOM
13 11 (2.12%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 11 (2.12%) PowerCLI
14 10 (1.93%) McAfee ePO
14 10 (1.93%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 168 (32.43%) VMware
2 134 (25.87%) Microsoft
3 80 (15.44%) Oracle
4 56 (10.81%) Red Hat
5 54 (10.42%) Cisco
6 48 (9.27%) HP
7 38 (7.34%) SAP
8 35 (6.76%) Citrix
9 34 (6.56%) Veritas
10 31 (5.98%) Sun
11 23 (4.44%) IBM
12 22 (4.25%) Dell
13 17 (3.28%) CheckPoint
14 14 (2.70%) Sonatype
15 13 (2.51%) NetApp
15 13 (2.51%) Veeam
16 12 (2.32%) McAfee
17 11 (2.12%) 3PAR
17 11 (2.12%) CyberArk
17 11 (2.12%) Google