Period
to 11 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 11 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 435 431 401
Rank change year-on-year -4 -30 +59
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 525 538 646
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.51% 0.52% 0.57%
As % of the System Software category 4.02% 4.25% 5.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 299 360 387
UK median daily rate £438 £438 £395
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.76% -1.25%
10th Percentile £228 £275 £255
90th Percentile £626 £576 £549
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £403 £370
% change year-on-year +5.59% +8.78% -1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 19 36
UK median hourly rate £47.83 £27.50 £35.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.93% -22.54% +54.35%
10th Percentile £14.10 £12.05 £23.45
90th Percentile £49.76 £47.83 £49.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £14.00 £22.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year -37.78% -35.71% +52.17%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 13044 12664 11560
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.63% 12.33% 10.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 8464 7950 6627
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.18% +6.73% +7.76%
10th Percentile £156 £170 £158
90th Percentile £613 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £331
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.66% +1.92%
Number of hourly rates quoted 707 862 1223
UK median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £15.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +3.23% -
10th Percentile £10.40 £10.50 £10.00
90th Percentile £46.94 £43.00 £38.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.00 £15.00 £15.50
% change year-on-year - -3.23% -1.45%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 490 £445 +1.14% 54
UK excluding London +39 327 £425 +5.59% 36
London -68 186 £454 -4.47% 24
South East +14 111 £360 -15.29% 9
Midlands +50 81 £540 +34.83% 5
North of England +4 53 £415 -17.00% 9
West Midlands +34 45 £500 +25.00% 2
East Midlands +15 36 £540 +22.73% 3
South West +2 34 £550 +62.96% 5
East of England -26 29 £400 +44.14% 2
North West -8 21 £438 +2.94% 6
Yorkshire -5 19 £400 -20.00% 3
Scotland +9 17 £375 -11.76% 5
North East +73 13 £415 -11.70%
Wales +14 4 £384 -26.20% 1
Northern Ireland - 4 - -

For the 6 months to 11 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 230 (43.81%) Windows
2 218 (41.52%) Linux
3 169 (32.19%) VMware
4 155 (29.52%) Active Directory
5 144 (27.43%) Microsoft Azure
6 131 (24.95%) DevOps
7 130 (24.76%) Microsoft
8 124 (23.62%) VMware Infrastructure
9 103 (19.62%) Java
10 95 (18.10%) Security Cleared
11 90 (17.14%) Amazon AWS
12 85 (16.19%) Python
13 84 (16.00%) Agile Software Development
14 83 (15.81%) Puppet
15 81 (15.43%) Windows Server
16 80 (15.24%) Jenkins
17 75 (14.29%) SC Cleared
18 74 (14.10%) DNS
18 74 (14.10%) Configuration Management
18 74 (14.10%) Migration
19 72 (13.71%) Oracle
20 68 (12.95%) Firewall
20 68 (12.95%) Ansible
21 65 (12.38%) PaaS
22 56 (10.67%) SQL
22 56 (10.67%) Perl
22 56 (10.67%) Docker
23 54 (10.29%) Git (software)
23 54 (10.29%) Windows Server 2012
23 54 (10.29%) Cisco

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 47 (8.95%) Tomcat
2 42 (8.00%) Apache
3 39 (7.43%) nginx
4 32 (6.10%) IIS
5 24 (4.57%) Confluence
6 21 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
7 20 (3.81%) Cloud Foundry
8 18 (3.43%) SharePoint
9 17 (3.24%) MS Exchange
10 11 (2.10%) Apache Spark
10 11 (2.10%) Exchange Server 2010
11 10 (1.90%) CICS
11 10 (1.90%) Exchange Server 2013
11 10 (1.90%) JBoss
12 8 (1.52%) CMS
12 8 (1.52%) OpenStack
12 8 (1.52%) WebSphere
13 6 (1.14%) SAS
13 6 (1.14%) Skype for Business
14 5 (0.95%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 20 (3.81%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (1.90%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
4 2 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.19%) HipChat
5 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 19 (3.62%) SAP ERP
2 7 (1.33%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.95%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.76%) Oracle 11i
4 4 (0.76%) Oracle Applications
4 4 (0.76%) Oracle EBS R12
5 3 (0.57%) Algo Collateral
6 1 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 144 (27.43%) Microsoft Azure
2 90 (17.14%) Amazon AWS
3 65 (12.38%) PaaS
4 51 (9.71%) IaaS
5 31 (5.90%) Office 365
6 23 (4.38%) Amazon EC2
7 21 (4.00%) Amazon S3
7 21 (4.00%) Azure Active Directory
8 18 (3.43%) Amazon ELB
8 18 (3.43%) npm
8 18 (3.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 17 (3.24%) Cloud Computing
10 15 (2.86%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 11 (2.10%) SaaS
12 9 (1.71%) Adobe Analytics
12 9 (1.71%) Google Cloud Platform
13 8 (1.52%) GitHub
14 4 (0.76%) G Suite
15 3 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
15 3 (0.57%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 74 (14.10%) DNS
2 68 (12.95%) Firewall
3 43 (8.19%) SAN
4 33 (6.29%) DHCP
5 30 (5.71%) TCP/IP
6 26 (4.95%) VPN
7 24 (4.57%) HTTP
8 20 (3.81%) SSH
9 18 (3.43%) NAS
9 18 (3.43%) VLAN
10 16 (3.05%) VoIP
11 15 (2.86%) OpenLDAP
11 15 (2.86%) OpenVPN
12 12 (2.29%) Network Security
13 11 (2.10%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
13 11 (2.10%) Internet
13 11 (2.10%) iSCSI
14 10 (1.90%) BIG-IP
15 9 (1.71%) LAN
15 9 (1.71%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 47 (8.95%) SQL Server
2 24 (4.57%) PostgreSQL
3 22 (4.19%) Amazon RDS
3 22 (4.19%) MongoDB
4 18 (3.43%) Hadoop
5 16 (3.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 13 (2.48%) Big Data
6 13 (2.48%) Data Warehouse
7 12 (2.29%) Azure SQL Database
7 12 (2.29%) DB2
7 12 (2.29%) NoSQL
8 10 (1.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 9 (1.71%) Oracle Database
10 8 (1.52%) MySQL
11 7 (1.33%) OLAP
11 7 (1.33%) Relational Database
12 6 (1.14%) OLAP Cube
13 4 (0.76%) Apache Cassandra
13 4 (0.76%) Power BI
14 3 (0.57%) Redis
Development Applications
1 80 (15.24%) Jenkins
2 54 (10.29%) Git (software)
3 53 (10.10%) Maven
4 43 (8.19%) JIRA
5 35 (6.67%) Sonatype Nexus
6 26 (4.95%) Gradle
6 26 (4.95%) Subversion
7 25 (4.76%) Bitbucket
8 18 (3.43%) Ant
8 18 (3.43%) gulp
9 17 (3.24%) Travis CI
10 15 (2.86%) CircleCI
10 15 (2.86%) IBM UrbanCode
10 15 (2.86%) JUnit
10 15 (2.86%) Liquibase
10 15 (2.86%) SonarQube
11 13 (2.48%) webpack
12 11 (2.10%) Visual Studio
13 9 (1.71%) Artifactory
13 9 (1.71%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 51 (9.71%) Finance
2 24 (4.57%) Telecoms
3 20 (3.81%) Banking
4 17 (3.24%) Retail Banking
5 9 (1.71%) Manufacturing
6 7 (1.33%) Legal
7 6 (1.14%) Publishing
7 6 (1.14%) Retail
8 5 (0.95%) Front Office
9 4 (0.76%) Back Office
10 2 (0.38%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.38%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.38%) Marketing
11 1 (0.19%) Advertising
11 1 (0.19%) Billing
11 1 (0.19%) Electronics
11 1 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 68 (12.95%) DevOps Engineer
2 65 (12.38%) Architect
3 57 (10.86%) Consultant
4 33 (6.29%) Administrator
5 31 (5.90%) Developer
6 28 (5.33%) Azure Architect
7 27 (5.14%) Cloud Engineer
7 27 (5.14%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 26 (4.95%) Linux Engineer
8 26 (4.95%) Support Engineer
9 24 (4.57%) Analyst
9 24 (4.57%) Systems Administrator
10 17 (3.24%) Unix Engineer
11 16 (3.05%) 3rd Line Engineer
11 16 (3.05%) AWS Engineer
11 16 (3.05%) Senior Architect
11 16 (3.05%) VMware Engineer
12 15 (2.86%) Windows Engineer
13 14 (2.67%) Lead DevOps
13 14 (2.67%) Server Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (8.00%) Web Services
2 41 (7.81%) .NET
3 27 (5.14%) REST
4 26 (4.95%) Middleware
5 23 (4.38%) Elastic Stack
6 22 (4.19%) RESTful
7 21 (4.00%) XML
8 18 (3.43%) HTML
9 17 (3.24%) ASP.NET
9 17 (3.24%) JSON
9 17 (3.24%) React
10 16 (3.05%) AngularJS
10 16 (3.05%) Node.js
11 15 (2.86%) J2EE
11 15 (2.86%) MCollective
11 15 (2.86%) SOAP
11 15 (2.86%) Spring
12 13 (2.48%) Spring Boot
13 12 (2.29%) .NET Framework
14 11 (2.10%) IBM Integration Bus
Miscellaneous
1 26 (4.95%) Computer Science
2 25 (4.76%) Data Centre
3 17 (3.24%) Analytical Skills
3 17 (3.24%) Linux Command Line
4 15 (2.86%) DataPower
5 14 (2.67%) Clustering
6 13 (2.48%) Hybrid Cloud
6 13 (2.48%) iPad
6 13 (2.48%) Life Science
7 12 (2.29%) Mainframe
7 12 (2.29%) Private Cloud
7 12 (2.29%) Public Cloud
8 11 (2.10%) Management Information System
9 10 (1.90%) Replication
10 8 (1.52%) Blackberry
10 8 (1.52%) Mobile App
11 6 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
11 6 (1.14%) Enterprise Storage
11 6 (1.14%) N-Tier
11 6 (1.14%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 230 (43.81%) Windows
2 218 (41.52%) Linux
3 81 (15.43%) Windows Server
4 54 (10.29%) Windows Server 2012
5 53 (10.10%) Unix
6 47 (8.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 44 (8.38%) Windows Server 2008
8 34 (6.48%) Windows 7
9 33 (6.29%) CentOS
10 28 (5.33%) Solaris
11 25 (4.76%) Windows 10
12 14 (2.67%) Ubuntu
12 14 (2.67%) Windows Server 2003
13 10 (1.90%) Data ONTAP
13 10 (1.90%) VMS
14 5 (0.95%) Mac OS X
14 5 (0.95%) SUSE
15 4 (0.76%) AIX
15 4 (0.76%) Android
15 4 (0.76%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 131 (24.95%) DevOps
2 84 (16.00%) Agile Software Development
3 74 (14.10%) Configuration Management
3 74 (14.10%) Migration
4 52 (9.90%) Continuous Integration
4 52 (9.90%) Mentoring
5 45 (8.57%) Continuous Delivery
6 43 (8.19%) Scrum
7 42 (8.00%) ITIL
8 34 (6.48%) Information Security
9 32 (6.10%) Load Balancing
10 29 (5.52%) Disaster Recovery
10 29 (5.52%) Open Source
11 28 (5.33%) Project Management
12 25 (4.76%) Analytics
13 24 (4.57%) Risk Management
14 23 (4.38%) Service Management
15 21 (4.00%) Network Virtualisation
16 19 (3.62%) Coaching
16 19 (3.62%) ERP
Programming Languages
1 103 (19.62%) Java
2 85 (16.19%) Python
3 56 (10.67%) Perl
3 56 (10.67%) SQL
4 51 (9.71%) PowerShell
5 37 (7.05%) Shell Script
6 36 (6.86%) Groovy
7 32 (6.10%) Bash Shell
8 30 (5.71%) C#
9 25 (4.76%) JavaScript
10 19 (3.62%) Korn
11 16 (3.05%) C++
12 15 (2.86%) Ruby
13 8 (1.52%) C
13 8 (1.52%) VBScript
14 5 (0.95%) PHP
14 5 (0.95%) T-SQL
15 4 (0.76%) Apex Code
16 3 (0.57%) R
16 3 (0.57%) Scala
Qualifications
1 95 (18.10%) Security Cleared
2 75 (14.29%) SC Cleared
3 32 (6.10%) Degree
4 22 (4.19%) Microsoft Certification
5 17 (3.24%) Cisco Certification
5 17 (3.24%) MCSE
6 11 (2.10%) CCNA
7 10 (1.90%) GCIA
7 10 (1.90%) GCIH
7 10 (1.90%) GIAC
7 10 (1.90%) MCSA
7 10 (1.90%) SANS
8 7 (1.33%) DV Cleared
8 7 (1.33%) ITIL Certification
9 5 (0.95%) DBS Check
9 5 (0.95%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 4 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.76%) CCENT
10 4 (0.76%) CCNP
10 4 (0.76%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.62%) HIPAA
1 19 (3.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 19 (3.62%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 18 (3.43%) Actionable Recommendations
3 11 (2.10%) SLA
4 10 (1.90%) NIST 800
5 8 (1.52%) QA
6 4 (0.76%) Data Quality
7 3 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
8 2 (0.38%) GCP
8 2 (0.38%) Government Security Classifications
8 2 (0.38%) HL7
8 2 (0.38%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 1 (0.19%) GDPR
9 1 (0.19%) ISO 22301
9 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.19%) PMO
System Software
1 155 (29.52%) Active Directory
2 124 (23.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 56 (10.67%) Docker
4 52 (9.90%) Hyper-V
5 34 (6.48%) VMware ESXi
6 28 (5.33%) vSphere
7 21 (4.00%) vCloud
7 21 (4.00%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 15 (2.86%) Postfix
8 15 (2.86%) Squid
9 10 (1.90%) NFS
10 8 (1.52%) XenApp
11 7 (1.33%) VMware NSX
12 5 (0.95%) Samba
13 4 (0.76%) VMware Server
14 3 (0.57%) KVM
14 3 (0.57%) Microsoft App-V
14 3 (0.57%) Veritas File System
14 3 (0.57%) Virtual Servers
15 2 (0.38%) iptables
Systems Management
1 83 (15.81%) Puppet
2 68 (12.95%) Ansible
3 36 (6.86%) Opscode Chef
4 32 (6.10%) Terraform
5 26 (4.95%) Kubernetes
6 25 (4.76%) SCCM
7 23 (4.38%) Kibana
7 23 (4.38%) logstash
8 22 (4.19%) ZABBIX
9 17 (3.24%) vCenter Server
10 15 (2.86%) Docker Swarm
10 15 (2.86%) Rancher
10 15 (2.86%) Rsyslog
10 15 (2.86%) Sysdig
11 13 (2.48%) PowerCLI
11 13 (2.48%) SCOM
12 12 (2.29%) Backup Exec
13 10 (1.90%) McAfee ePO
13 10 (1.90%) vRealize
14 9 (1.71%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
Vendors
1 169 (32.19%) VMware
2 130 (24.76%) Microsoft
3 72 (13.71%) Oracle
4 54 (10.29%) Cisco
5 45 (8.57%) HP
6 39 (7.43%) Red Hat
7 33 (6.29%) IBM
8 29 (5.52%) Citrix
9 28 (5.33%) Veritas
10 27 (5.14%) Dell
11 26 (4.95%) NetApp
12 23 (4.38%) SAP
13 22 (4.19%) Sun
14 17 (3.24%) CheckPoint
15 16 (3.05%) McAfee
16 15 (2.86%) F5
16 15 (2.86%) Sonatype
17 12 (2.29%) Veeam
18 11 (2.10%) CyberArk
18 11 (2.10%) Google