The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 3 months to 25 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
3 months to
25 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 372 386 378
Rank change year-on-year +14 -8  
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 224 291 282
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.48% 0.55% 0.50%
As % of the System Software category 4.34% 4.35% 4.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 136 178 151
Median daily rate £440 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.52% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £230 £325 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £635 £502 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £400 £400
% change year-on-year -6.25% -  
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 8 20
Median hourly rate £41.85 £40.00 £22.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.62% +75.20%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £23.33 £18.40 £19.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £60.37 £45.00 £49.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.00 £45.00 £21.00
% change year-on-year +44.44% +114.28%  

Virtual Machines is in the system software skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

Contract System Software Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 5162 6689 5926
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 11.15% 12.61% 10.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 3309 4127 3352
Median daily rate £401 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.31% +14.28%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £180 £200 £180
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 304 468 622
Median hourly rate £17.00 £20.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.00% +14.28%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.15 £12.00 £11.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.50 £42.00 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £22.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -27.27% +25.71%  

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the System Software category.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 3 months to 25 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 208 £440 +3.52% 45
London +7 87 £475 +7.34% 12
South East +36 52 £341 -14.68% 9
East Midlands +5 27 £420 -4.00% 2
Derbyshire -4 17 £388 -7.73% 1
Derby -4 17 £388 -0.64% 1
North West +18 14 £375 -25.00% 2
Croydon -1 11 £463 +17.83%
Hampshire -4 11 £345 -2.81% 1
Buckinghamshire -9 11 £451 -9.75% 2
Kent +9 10 £338 -22.23%
City of London +1 10 £425 -22.72% 2
South West -9 10 £360 -8.28% 2
Scotland +32 9 £250 -16.66% 2
Milton Keynes -7 9 £422 -15.55% 2
Lancashire +10 8 £375 -9.63%
Dover - 8 - -
Preston - 8 £375 -
East of England -15 7 £450 +32.35% 4
Nottinghamshire - 7 £500 -
West Sussex +25 6 £150 -65.43% 1
Yorkshire +9 6 £475 -5.00% 4
Berkshire +3 6 £140 -62.66% 2
Oxford +3 6 £135 -68.23%
Oxfordshire -4 6 £135 -69.14% 1
Nottingham - 6 £500 -
Crawley - 6 £175 -
Edinburgh +10 5 £475 -
Bristol -8 5 £372 +2.62% 1
Cheshire +29 4 £393 - 1

For the 6 months to 25 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 204 (48.00%) Linux
2 165 (38.82%) Windows
3 159 (37.41%) VMware
4 135 (31.76%) Microsoft
5 133 (31.29%) DevOps
6 118 (27.76%) VMware Infrastructure
7 98 (23.06%) Jenkins
7 98 (23.06%) Windows Server
7 98 (23.06%) Oracle
8 94 (22.12%) Java
9 92 (21.65%) Puppet
10 89 (20.94%) Agile Software Development
11 88 (20.71%) Microsoft Azure
12 86 (20.24%) Security Cleared
13 78 (18.35%) Continuous Integration
14 77 (18.12%) Bash Shell
15 76 (17.88%) Red Hat
16 75 (17.65%) Active Directory
17 74 (17.41%) SC Cleared
18 73 (17.18%) CentOS
19 70 (16.47%) Python
20 67 (15.76%) Ansible
21 65 (15.29%) Unix
22 62 (14.59%) Migration
23 60 (14.12%) Configuration Management
24 59 (13.88%) Windows Server 2012
25 57 (13.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
26 56 (13.18%) Amazon AWS
26 56 (13.18%) Firewall
27 55 (12.94%) HP

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (7.06%) Tomcat
2 26 (6.12%) nginx
3 24 (5.65%) MS Exchange
4 22 (5.18%) Apache
4 22 (5.18%) Cloud Foundry
5 18 (4.24%) Skype for Business
6 14 (3.29%) Confluence
6 14 (3.29%) Exchange Server 2013
6 14 (3.29%) WebLogic
7 13 (3.06%) WebSphere
8 12 (2.82%) Elasticsearch
9 10 (2.35%) Exchange Server 2010
10 8 (1.88%) IIS
10 8 (1.88%) Jetty
10 8 (1.88%) WildFly
11 7 (1.65%) WebSphere Application Server
12 6 (1.41%) OpenStack
12 6 (1.41%) Oracle Application Server
12 6 (1.41%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.94%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 34 (8.00%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.47%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 16 (3.76%) SAP ERP
2 7 (1.65%) Oracle Applications
3 4 (0.94%) Maximo
4 2 (0.47%) Oracle 11i
4 2 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.47%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.47%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 88 (20.71%) Microsoft Azure
2 56 (13.18%) Amazon AWS
3 44 (10.35%) PaaS
4 36 (8.47%) IaaS
5 26 (6.12%) Office 365
6 14 (3.29%) Azure Active Directory
7 12 (2.82%) Amazon ELB
7 12 (2.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 11 (2.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 10 (2.35%) Amazon EC2
9 10 (2.35%) Amazon S3
9 10 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
10 6 (1.41%) SaaS
11 5 (1.18%) Azure Data Factory
11 5 (1.18%) Data Lake Analytics
11 5 (1.18%) GitHub
12 3 (0.71%) Google Cloud Platform
12 3 (0.71%) IBM Cloud
12 3 (0.71%) Mailgun
13 2 (0.47%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 56 (13.18%) Firewall
2 52 (12.24%) SAN
3 47 (11.06%) DNS
4 32 (7.53%) HTTP
5 21 (4.94%) LDAP
6 20 (4.71%) SSH
6 20 (4.71%) VPN
7 19 (4.47%) TCP/IP
8 18 (4.24%) DHCP
9 15 (3.53%) PuTTY
10 13 (3.06%) WinSCP
11 12 (2.82%) LAN
11 12 (2.82%) Network Security
12 11 (2.59%) WAN
13 10 (2.35%) OpenLDAP
13 10 (2.35%) OpenVPN
14 8 (1.88%) IP Telephony
14 8 (1.88%) SSL
15 7 (1.65%) Internet
15 7 (1.65%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (12.47%) SQL Server
2 40 (9.41%) Oracle Database
3 27 (6.35%) SQL Server 2012
4 22 (5.18%) PostgreSQL
5 21 (4.94%) Oracle Reports
6 17 (4.00%) SQL Server 2005
7 16 (3.76%) Hadoop
7 16 (3.76%) SQL Server 2008
8 15 (3.53%) MongoDB
8 15 (3.53%) Oracle Database 10g
8 15 (3.53%) Oracle Database 11g
9 14 (3.29%) Big Data
10 12 (2.82%) Amazon RDS
11 10 (2.35%) Azure SQL Database
11 10 (2.35%) DB2
11 10 (2.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 9 (2.12%) SQL Server 2016
12 9 (2.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 8 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
14 7 (1.65%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 98 (23.06%) Jenkins
2 54 (12.71%) Maven
3 52 (12.24%) Git (software)
4 26 (6.12%) Sonatype Nexus
5 25 (5.88%) Ant
6 21 (4.94%) IBM UrbanCode
7 20 (4.71%) CircleCI
7 20 (4.71%) Gradle
7 20 (4.71%) gulp
7 20 (4.71%) Travis CI
8 19 (4.47%) Team Foundation Server
8 19 (4.47%) TeamCity
9 18 (4.24%) JIRA
9 18 (4.24%) Selenium
10 17 (4.00%) JUnit
11 14 (3.29%) SoapUI
12 13 (3.06%) Eclipse
12 13 (3.06%) SpecFlow
12 13 (3.06%) TestNG
12 13 (3.06%) Toad
General
1 44 (10.35%) Finance
2 28 (6.59%) Banking
3 19 (4.47%) Retail
4 16 (3.76%) Telecoms
5 10 (2.35%) Manufacturing
6 9 (2.12%) Investment Banking
7 6 (1.41%) Advertising
8 5 (1.18%) Electronics
9 2 (0.47%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.47%) Front Office
9 2 (0.47%) Law
9 2 (0.47%) Legal
9 2 (0.47%) Local Government
9 2 (0.47%) Marketing
10 1 (0.24%) Billing
10 1 (0.24%) Dutch Language
10 1 (0.24%) French Language
10 1 (0.24%) German Language
10 1 (0.24%) Italian Language
10 1 (0.24%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 79 (18.59%) DevOps Engineer
2 48 (11.29%) Administrator
3 47 (11.06%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 44 (10.35%) Architect
5 33 (7.76%) AWS Engineer
6 32 (7.53%) AWS DevOps
6 32 (7.53%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 32 (7.53%) Systems Administrator
7 25 (5.88%) Unix Engineer
8 22 (5.18%) Analyst
8 22 (5.18%) Consultant
8 22 (5.18%) Linux Administrator
9 20 (4.71%) Developer
9 20 (4.71%) Technical Architect
10 17 (4.00%) Linux Systems Administrator
10 17 (4.00%) Senior DevOps
11 16 (3.76%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 14 (3.29%) Support Engineer
13 13 (3.06%) Azure Architect
13 13 (3.06%) Server Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (8.00%) REST
2 31 (7.29%) Elastic Stack
3 27 (6.35%) Web Services
4 26 (6.12%) .NET
5 16 (3.76%) ActiveMQ
6 15 (3.53%) XML
7 14 (3.29%) Kafka
8 13 (3.06%) J2EE
8 13 (3.06%) Middleware
9 10 (2.35%) MCollective
10 9 (2.12%) XSLT
11 8 (1.88%) JSP
11 8 (1.88%) Servlets
11 8 (1.88%) XML Schema
12 7 (1.65%) AngularJS
12 7 (1.65%) Oracle GoldenGate
12 7 (1.65%) RESTful
13 6 (1.41%) HTML
14 5 (1.18%) HTML5
14 5 (1.18%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 41 (9.65%) Data Centre
2 31 (7.29%) Linux Command Line
3 23 (5.41%) Clustering
4 21 (4.94%) Computer Science
5 17 (4.00%) Analytical Skills
6 16 (3.76%) Replication
7 13 (3.06%) Public Cloud
8 11 (2.59%) EMC VNX
8 11 (2.59%) Hybrid Cloud
9 10 (2.35%) Mainframe
10 7 (1.65%) PKI
10 7 (1.65%) Private Cloud
11 6 (1.41%) HP Storage
11 6 (1.41%) Management Information System
12 5 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
12 5 (1.18%) Mobile App
12 5 (1.18%) Spread Betting
13 4 (0.94%) AS400
13 4 (0.94%) Greenfield Project
13 4 (0.94%) iSeries
Operating Systems
1 204 (48.00%) Linux
2 165 (38.82%) Windows
3 98 (23.06%) Windows Server
4 73 (17.18%) CentOS
5 65 (15.29%) Unix
6 59 (13.88%) Windows Server 2012
7 57 (13.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 37 (8.71%) Windows Server 2008
9 32 (7.53%) Solaris
10 29 (6.82%) Ubuntu
11 27 (6.35%) AIX
12 22 (5.18%) Oracle Linux
13 16 (3.76%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 15 (3.53%) Windows 7
15 12 (2.82%) SUSE
15 12 (2.82%) Windows 10
16 9 (2.12%) Windows Server 2003
17 6 (1.41%) VME
17 6 (1.41%) VMS
18 4 (0.94%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 133 (31.29%) DevOps
2 89 (20.94%) Agile Software Development
3 78 (18.35%) Continuous Integration
4 62 (14.59%) Migration
5 60 (14.12%) Configuration Management
6 50 (11.76%) ITIL
7 46 (10.82%) Scrum
8 44 (10.35%) Test Automation
9 39 (9.18%) Continuous Delivery
9 39 (9.18%) Load Balancing
10 30 (7.06%) Service Management
11 29 (6.82%) Mentoring
12 26 (6.12%) Disaster Recovery
12 26 (6.12%) Open Source
13 25 (5.88%) Stakeholder Management
14 22 (5.18%) Project Management
15 20 (4.71%) High Availability
15 20 (4.71%) Performance Tuning
16 19 (4.47%) ITIL V3
16 19 (4.47%) ITSM
Programming Languages
1 94 (22.12%) Java
2 77 (18.12%) Bash Shell
3 70 (16.47%) Python
4 54 (12.71%) SQL
5 45 (10.59%) PowerShell
6 36 (8.47%) Groovy
7 35 (8.24%) Perl
8 34 (8.00%) Shell Script
9 21 (4.94%) Ruby
10 20 (4.71%) Korn
11 13 (3.06%) F#
12 12 (2.82%) VBScript
13 10 (2.35%) JavaScript
14 8 (1.88%) C#
14 8 (1.88%) VB
15 5 (1.18%) C++
15 5 (1.18%) PL/SQL
16 4 (0.94%) C
16 4 (0.94%) Scala
17 2 (0.47%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 86 (20.24%) Security Cleared
2 74 (17.41%) SC Cleared
3 22 (5.18%) Microsoft Certification
4 20 (4.71%) Degree
5 18 (4.24%) MCSE
6 17 (4.00%) DV Cleared
6 17 (4.00%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 14 (3.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 13 (3.06%) ISEB
9 10 (2.35%) ISEB Practitioner
10 9 (2.12%) Cisco Certification
11 7 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
12 5 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
12 5 (1.18%) CCNA
12 5 (1.18%) EMC Certification
12 5 (1.18%) MCSA
13 4 (0.94%) ISTQB
14 3 (0.71%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 3 (0.71%) MCSD
14 3 (0.71%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.12%) QA
1 9 (2.12%) SLA
2 5 (1.18%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.94%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (0.94%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.47%) MiFID
5 1 (0.24%) HL7
5 1 (0.24%) ISO 22301
5 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 1 (0.24%) PA-DSS
5 1 (0.24%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 118 (27.76%) VMware Infrastructure
2 75 (17.65%) Active Directory
3 50 (11.76%) Docker
4 47 (11.06%) vSphere
5 42 (9.88%) Hyper-V
6 40 (9.41%) VMware ESXi
7 19 (4.47%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 15 (3.53%) vCloud
9 10 (2.35%) Postfix
9 10 (2.35%) Squid
10 9 (2.12%) XenApp
11 8 (1.88%) Xen
12 6 (1.41%) KVM
12 6 (1.41%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (1.18%) Oracle RAC
14 4 (0.94%) ISA Server
15 3 (0.71%) Veritas File System
15 3 (0.71%) Virtual Desktop
15 3 (0.71%) VMware Server
15 3 (0.71%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 92 (21.65%) Puppet
2 67 (15.76%) Ansible
3 36 (8.47%) Kubernetes
3 36 (8.47%) SCCM
4 33 (7.76%) Opscode Chef
5 26 (6.12%) Terraform
6 25 (5.88%) SCOM
7 20 (4.71%) vRealize
8 17 (4.00%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 15 (3.53%) Nagios
10 14 (3.29%) Kibana
10 14 (3.29%) logstash
11 13 (3.06%) OpenAM
11 13 (3.06%) vCenter Server
11 13 (3.06%) ZABBIX
12 12 (2.82%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 12 (2.82%) SCOrch
12 12 (2.82%) SCVMM
13 11 (2.59%) Rsyslog
13 11 (2.59%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 159 (37.41%) VMware
2 135 (31.76%) Microsoft
3 98 (23.06%) Oracle
4 76 (17.88%) Red Hat
5 55 (12.94%) HP
6 34 (8.00%) IBM
7 33 (7.76%) Cisco
8 28 (6.59%) Citrix
9 23 (5.41%) NetApp
9 23 (5.41%) SAP
10 22 (5.18%) EMC
11 21 (4.94%) Dell
11 21 (4.94%) Veritas
12 17 (4.00%) Sun
12 17 (4.00%) Symantec
13 12 (2.82%) 3PAR
13 12 (2.82%) Sonatype
14 7 (1.65%) Juniper
14 7 (1.65%) Veeam
15 6 (1.41%) Dell Compellent
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