Period
to 24 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
24 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 429 445 418
Rank change year-on-year +16 -27 +48
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 527 474 593
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.52% 0.49% 0.55%
As % of the System Software category 4.12% 4.07% 5.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 323 319 352
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £409
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +10.02% +2.25%
10th Percentile £263 £312 £263
90th Percentile £665 £600 £544
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £411 £390
% change year-on-year +9.49% +5.38% +0.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 16 20
UK median hourly rate £47.83 £27.50 £35.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +73.93% -22.54% +54.35%
10th Percentile £14.18 £14.13 £20.94
90th Percentile £57.75 £47.83 £54.27
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.00 £20.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +85.00% -42.86% +52.17%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 12,787 11,640 10,927
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.70% 12.14% 10.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,351 7,268 6,406
UK median daily rate £450 £404 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.46% +7.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £163 £163 £158
90th Percentile £625 £588 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £350 £345
% change year-on-year +10.71% +1.45% +2.99%
Number of hourly rates quoted 697 838 1,102
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.00 £15.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% -3.23%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.28 £10.00
90th Percentile £46.10 £44.33 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.00 £15.00 £15.25
% change year-on-year - -1.64% +1.67%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 24 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 497 £475 +5.56% 113
UK excluding London +87 326 £450 +9.49% 71
London -66 191 £500 +5.26% 47
South East +29 108 £423 +9.74% 24
Midlands +56 75 £540 +26.32% 6
North of England +22 65 £415 -7.78% 20
South West +31 43 £525 +58.49% 9
West Midlands +25 41 £550 +27.91% 4
East Midlands +27 34 £540 +31.07% 2
North West +5 30 £456 -3.95% 12
Scotland +1 18 £400 -5.88% 5
Yorkshire 0 18 £400 +6.67% 8
East of England -30 18 £369 -14.49% 7
North East +69 17 £415 -7.78%
Wales +9 5 £418 -19.71%
Northern Ireland - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 24 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 243 (46.11%) Windows
2 223 (42.31%) Linux
3 166 (31.50%) DevOps
4 158 (29.98%) VMware
5 149 (28.27%) Active Directory
6 142 (26.94%) Microsoft Azure
7 140 (26.57%) Microsoft
8 125 (23.72%) VMware Infrastructure
9 105 (19.92%) Jenkins
10 103 (19.54%) Puppet
10 103 (19.54%) Java
11 102 (19.35%) Security Cleared
11 102 (19.35%) Amazon AWS
12 92 (17.46%) Agile Software Development
13 89 (16.89%) Python
14 85 (16.13%) Windows Server
15 83 (15.75%) Migration
16 82 (15.56%) Configuration Management
17 81 (15.37%) Ansible
18 80 (15.18%) DNS
19 79 (14.99%) Hyper-V
20 76 (14.42%) Oracle
21 71 (13.47%) SC Cleared
21 71 (13.47%) Continuous Integration
22 70 (13.28%) Docker
23 67 (12.71%) Windows Server 2012
24 63 (11.95%) PaaS
25 62 (11.76%) Git (software)
25 62 (11.76%) Firewall
26 56 (10.63%) HP

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (9.49%) Tomcat
2 45 (8.54%) nginx
3 39 (7.40%) Apache
4 36 (6.83%) IIS
5 26 (4.93%) Cloud Foundry
6 21 (3.98%) MS Exchange
7 19 (3.61%) Confluence
8 18 (3.42%) SharePoint
9 15 (2.85%) Exchange Server 2013
10 14 (2.66%) Exchange Server 2010
10 14 (2.66%) WebSphere
11 11 (2.09%) Elasticsearch
12 10 (1.90%) CICS
12 10 (1.90%) JBoss
13 8 (1.52%) Apache Spark
13 8 (1.52%) Jetty
13 8 (1.52%) OpenStack
14 7 (1.33%) SAS
15 6 (1.14%) WebSphere Application Server
15 6 (1.14%) WildFly
Applications
1 20 (3.80%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.76%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.19%) HipChat
4 1 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 8 (1.52%) Payment Gateway
2 6 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (1.14%) Oracle EBS R12
2 6 (1.14%) SAP ERP
3 4 (0.76%) Oracle 11i
3 4 (0.76%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.57%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.38%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.38%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.38%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.38%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.19%) Algo Collateral
Cloud Services
1 142 (26.94%) Microsoft Azure
2 102 (19.35%) Amazon AWS
3 63 (11.95%) PaaS
4 41 (7.78%) IaaS
5 29 (5.50%) Office 365
6 21 (3.98%) Azure Active Directory
7 20 (3.80%) npm
8 19 (3.61%) Amazon EC2
9 16 (3.04%) GitHub
10 15 (2.85%) Amazon S3
11 13 (2.47%) Cloud Computing
11 13 (2.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 12 (2.28%) Amazon ELB
13 11 (2.09%) SaaS
14 10 (1.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 10 (1.90%) Google Cloud Platform
15 9 (1.71%) Adobe Analytics
16 3 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
16 3 (0.57%) Azure Data Factory
16 3 (0.57%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 80 (15.18%) DNS
2 62 (11.76%) Firewall
3 44 (8.35%) SAN
4 42 (7.97%) DHCP
5 29 (5.50%) HTTP
5 29 (5.50%) TCP/IP
6 28 (5.31%) VPN
7 18 (3.42%) SSL
8 17 (3.23%) FTP
8 17 (3.23%) iSCSI
8 17 (3.23%) NAS
9 16 (3.04%) VoIP
10 15 (2.85%) SSH
11 14 (2.66%) IPsec
11 14 (2.66%) VLAN
12 12 (2.28%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
13 11 (2.09%) OpenVPN
13 11 (2.09%) Reverse Proxy
14 10 (1.90%) Network Security
14 10 (1.90%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (9.87%) SQL Server
2 37 (7.02%) MongoDB
3 34 (6.45%) NoSQL
4 29 (5.50%) MySQL
5 28 (5.31%) PostgreSQL
6 20 (3.80%) Big Data
7 17 (3.23%) Relational Database
8 16 (3.04%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 15 (2.85%) Amazon RDS
10 14 (2.66%) Oracle Database
10 14 (2.66%) RDBMS
11 12 (2.28%) Hadoop
12 10 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
12 10 (1.90%) DB2
12 10 (1.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 9 (1.71%) Azure SQL Database
14 7 (1.33%) OLAP
15 6 (1.14%) Oracle Database 11g
15 6 (1.14%) Oracle Reports
15 6 (1.14%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 105 (19.92%) Jenkins
2 62 (11.76%) Git (software)
3 54 (10.25%) Maven
4 41 (7.78%) JIRA
5 34 (6.45%) Travis CI
6 27 (5.12%) Sonatype Nexus
7 26 (4.93%) Gradle
8 24 (4.55%) Subversion
9 22 (4.17%) Bitbucket
10 20 (3.80%) gulp
11 18 (3.42%) CircleCI
11 18 (3.42%) Team Foundation Server
12 16 (3.04%) IBM UrbanCode
12 16 (3.04%) Visual Studio
13 15 (2.85%) JUnit
14 14 (2.66%) GitLab
15 13 (2.47%) Ant
15 13 (2.47%) webpack
16 11 (2.09%) TeamCity
17 10 (1.90%) Artifactory
General
1 43 (8.16%) Finance
2 25 (4.74%) Banking
3 21 (3.98%) Telecoms
4 12 (2.28%) Retail Banking
5 9 (1.71%) Manufacturing
6 8 (1.52%) Legal
7 5 (0.95%) Advertising
7 5 (0.95%) Front Office
7 5 (0.95%) Marketing
8 3 (0.57%) Retail
9 2 (0.38%) Back Office
9 2 (0.38%) Electronics
9 2 (0.38%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.38%) Local Government
10 1 (0.19%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.19%) Games
10 1 (0.19%) Law
10 1 (0.19%) Military
10 1 (0.19%) Multimedia
10 1 (0.19%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 82 (15.56%) DevOps Engineer
2 61 (11.57%) Architect
3 48 (9.11%) Consultant
4 34 (6.45%) Infrastructure Engineer
5 29 (5.50%) Developer
6 28 (5.31%) Administrator
6 28 (5.31%) Azure Architect
7 26 (4.93%) Systems Administrator
8 24 (4.55%) Support Engineer
9 23 (4.36%) Cloud Engineer
10 18 (3.42%) Analyst
11 16 (3.04%) Lead DevOps
11 16 (3.04%) Linux Engineer
11 16 (3.04%) Senior Architect
12 14 (2.66%) DevOps Manager
13 13 (2.47%) 3rd Line Engineer
13 13 (2.47%) Head of DevOps
13 13 (2.47%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 13 (2.47%) Technical Architect
14 12 (2.28%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 45 (8.54%) .NET
2 39 (7.40%) Web Services
3 28 (5.31%) Node.js
4 27 (5.12%) HTML
5 26 (4.93%) Middleware
5 26 (4.93%) REST
6 21 (3.98%) React
7 18 (3.42%) ASP.NET
7 18 (3.42%) JSON
7 18 (3.42%) RESTful
8 16 (3.04%) AngularJS
8 16 (3.04%) Elastic Stack
9 15 (2.85%) Spring
10 13 (2.47%) CSS
10 13 (2.47%) SOAP
11 12 (2.28%) LAPP Stack
11 12 (2.28%) Spring Boot
12 11 (2.09%) RabbitMQ
13 10 (1.90%) ASP.NET Web API
13 10 (1.90%) MCollective
Miscellaneous
1 40 (7.59%) Data Centre
2 23 (4.36%) Clustering
3 21 (3.98%) Computer Science
4 18 (3.42%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (3.23%) Hybrid Cloud
6 15 (2.85%) DataPower
6 15 (2.85%) Management Information System
7 13 (2.47%) iPad
7 13 (2.47%) Life Science
7 13 (2.47%) Linux Command Line
8 12 (2.28%) Private Cloud
9 11 (2.09%) Replication
10 10 (1.90%) Enterprise Storage
10 10 (1.90%) Mainframe
10 10 (1.90%) Public Cloud
11 9 (1.71%) PKI
12 8 (1.52%) Blackberry
12 8 (1.52%) Client/Server
12 8 (1.52%) iPhone
12 8 (1.52%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 243 (46.11%) Windows
2 223 (42.31%) Linux
3 85 (16.13%) Windows Server
4 67 (12.71%) Windows Server 2012
5 52 (9.87%) Windows Server 2008
6 50 (9.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 38 (7.21%) Windows 7
8 36 (6.83%) Unix
9 31 (5.88%) CentOS
10 27 (5.12%) Solaris
11 24 (4.55%) Ubuntu
11 24 (4.55%) Windows Server 2003
12 23 (4.36%) Windows 10
13 17 (3.23%) Data ONTAP
14 8 (1.52%) Debian
15 7 (1.33%) AIX
15 7 (1.33%) HPUX
15 7 (1.33%) VMS
16 6 (1.14%) Oracle Linux
17 5 (0.95%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 166 (31.50%) DevOps
2 92 (17.46%) Agile Software Development
3 83 (15.75%) Migration
4 82 (15.56%) Configuration Management
5 71 (13.47%) Continuous Integration
6 54 (10.25%) ITIL
7 50 (9.49%) Open Source
8 49 (9.30%) Mentoring
9 48 (9.11%) Continuous Delivery
10 44 (8.35%) Scrum
11 42 (7.97%) Microservices
12 32 (6.07%) Load Balancing
13 31 (5.88%) Test Automation
14 30 (5.69%) High Availability
15 29 (5.50%) Analytics
16 26 (4.93%) Service Management
17 24 (4.55%) Disaster Recovery
18 23 (4.36%) Information Security
19 21 (3.98%) Risk Management
20 20 (3.80%) PRINCE2
Programming Languages
1 103 (19.54%) Java
2 89 (16.89%) Python
3 54 (10.25%) PowerShell
4 53 (10.06%) SQL
5 47 (8.92%) Perl
6 43 (8.16%) Bash Shell
7 42 (7.97%) C#
8 38 (7.21%) Groovy
9 33 (6.26%) JavaScript
10 30 (5.69%) Shell Script
11 27 (5.12%) Ruby
12 16 (3.04%) C++
13 13 (2.47%) Korn
14 10 (1.90%) VBScript
15 9 (1.71%) C
15 9 (1.71%) PHP
16 8 (1.52%) Scala
17 6 (1.14%) T-SQL
18 5 (0.95%) AWK
19 3 (0.57%) F#
Qualifications
1 102 (19.35%) Security Cleared
2 71 (13.47%) SC Cleared
3 25 (4.74%) Degree
4 18 (3.42%) DV Cleared
4 18 (3.42%) Microsoft Certification
5 14 (2.66%) Cisco Certification
6 13 (2.47%) MCSE
7 10 (1.90%) CCNA
8 7 (1.33%) MCSA
9 5 (0.95%) PRINCE2 Certification
10 4 (0.76%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.76%) ITIL Certification
11 3 (0.57%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.57%) CCNP
11 3 (0.57%) MCP
11 3 (0.57%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 2 (0.38%) CCENT
12 2 (0.38%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.38%) VCP5
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
2 16 (3.04%) HIPAA
3 15 (2.85%) Actionable Recommendations
4 12 (2.28%) QA
5 10 (1.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.95%) SLA
7 4 (0.76%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.76%) GCP
8 3 (0.57%) PMO
9 2 (0.38%) COBIT
9 2 (0.38%) GDPR
9 2 (0.38%) Government Security Classifications
9 2 (0.38%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.38%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 149 (28.27%) Active Directory
2 125 (23.72%) VMware Infrastructure
3 79 (14.99%) Hyper-V
4 70 (13.28%) Docker
5 39 (7.40%) VMware ESXi
6 25 (4.74%) vSphere
7 19 (3.61%) NFS
8 17 (3.23%) vCloud
9 12 (2.28%) Xen
10 11 (2.09%) Postfix
10 11 (2.09%) Squid
11 9 (1.71%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 8 (1.52%) KVM
12 8 (1.52%) XenApp
13 7 (1.33%) PowerHA
13 7 (1.33%) VMware Workstation
14 6 (1.14%) Veritas Volume Manager
15 5 (0.95%) VirtualBox
16 3 (0.57%) Veritas File System
16 3 (0.57%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 103 (19.54%) Puppet
2 81 (15.37%) Ansible
3 55 (10.44%) Opscode Chef
4 31 (5.88%) Terraform
5 30 (5.69%) Kubernetes
6 22 (4.17%) ZABBIX
7 21 (3.98%) SCCM
8 19 (3.61%) SCOM
9 17 (3.23%) vCenter Server
10 14 (2.66%) Docker Swarm
10 14 (2.66%) logstash
11 13 (2.47%) Kibana
11 13 (2.47%) Microsoft Clustering
12 11 (2.09%) HAProxy
13 10 (1.90%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
13 10 (1.90%) Rancher
13 10 (1.90%) Rsyslog
13 10 (1.90%) Sysdig
13 10 (1.90%) WSUS
14 9 (1.71%) SnapVault
Vendors
1 158 (29.98%) VMware
2 140 (26.57%) Microsoft
3 76 (14.42%) Oracle
4 56 (10.63%) HP
5 51 (9.68%) Red Hat
6 39 (7.40%) IBM
7 32 (6.07%) NetApp
8 31 (5.88%) Cisco
9 21 (3.98%) Citrix
9 21 (3.98%) Veritas
10 17 (3.23%) Dell
11 14 (2.66%) Google
12 13 (2.47%) F5
12 13 (2.47%) Remedy
12 13 (2.47%) SAP
13 12 (2.28%) Sun
14 10 (1.90%) 3PAR
14 10 (1.90%) Fortinet
14 10 (1.90%) McAfee
14 10 (1.90%) Sonatype