The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 3 months to 29 April 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
3 months to
29 Apr 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 405 357 376
Rank change year-on-year -48 +19  
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 195 328 288
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.41% 0.59% 0.52%
As % of the System Software category 3.79% 4.95% 4.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 114 187 169
Median daily rate £450 £425 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +9.67%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £300 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £700 £525 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £410 £375
% change year-on-year -8.53% +9.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 13 7
Median hourly rate £17.50 £26.00 £22.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.69% +13.88%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.25 £19.00 £16.82
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £46.00 £45.00 £27.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £43.50 £26.00
% change year-on-year -59.77% +67.30%  

Virtual Machines is in the system software skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

Contract System Software Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 5141 6624 5794
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 10.91% 11.86% 10.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 3287 4056 3224
Median daily rate £401 £395 £359
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.52% +9.87%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £185 £200 £190
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £540 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £371 £360 £344
% change year-on-year +3.12% +4.72%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 339 477 664
Median hourly rate £17.00 £17.50 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.85% +2.94%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £11.25 £11.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £49.19 £43.00 £35.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year -8.57% +6.06%  

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the System Software category.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 3 months to 29 April 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 3 months to 29 April 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 3 months to 29 April 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -57 184 £450 +5.88% 52
London +17 100 £550 +22.22% 20
South East -35 35 £347 -17.13% 8
South West +11 24 £363 -5.53% 4
Bristol +15 15 £263 -19.23% 2
Hampshire -22 12 £330 -8.33% 3
Kent +23 8 £338 -22.23%
East Midlands -10 8 £425 +8.97% 1
City of London -16 8 £425 -2.85% 5
Scotland +32 7 £450 - 1
Croydon +10 7 £463 +17.83%
Edinburgh +7 7 £450 -
Milton Keynes -9 7 £445 -6.42% 1
Buckinghamshire -13 7 £445 -6.42% 1
Dover - 6 - -
North West +26 5 £405 -19.00% 11
Yorkshire +11 5 £369 -14.49% 3
Surrey +3 4 £440 +1.38%
Sheffield +8 3 £188 -46.42%
West Midlands +7 3 £475 +5.55%
South Yorkshire +4 3 £188 -55.88%
Devon -11 3 £380 -
Plymouth -14 3 £380 -
Derby -19 3 - -
Derbyshire -21 3 - -
Nottinghamshire - 3 £350 - 1
Nottingham - 3 £350 - 1
Andover - 3 £325 -
Cheshire +28 2 £360 -28.00% 4
West Yorkshire +17 2 £550 +22.22% 3

For the 6 months to 29 April 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 179 (42.32%) Linux
2 160 (37.83%) Windows
3 143 (33.81%) VMware
4 128 (30.26%) DevOps
5 119 (28.13%) Microsoft
6 112 (26.48%) VMware Infrastructure
7 100 (23.64%) Puppet
8 99 (23.40%) Jenkins
9 98 (23.17%) Agile Software Development
10 89 (21.04%) Java
11 84 (19.86%) Windows Server
12 83 (19.62%) Oracle
13 82 (19.39%) Security Cleared
14 76 (17.97%) Microsoft Azure
15 75 (17.73%) Continuous Integration
16 74 (17.49%) Active Directory
17 73 (17.26%) Python
18 70 (16.55%) Bash Shell
19 69 (16.31%) Ansible
19 69 (16.31%) SC Cleared
20 65 (15.37%) Windows Server 2012
21 62 (14.66%) Amazon AWS
22 61 (14.42%) Migration
23 60 (14.18%) Red Hat
24 58 (13.71%) CentOS
25 57 (13.48%) HP
25 57 (13.48%) Configuration Management
26 56 (13.24%) Docker
27 54 (12.77%) Git (software)
28 53 (12.53%) SQL

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (8.27%) nginx
2 27 (6.38%) Apache
3 25 (5.91%) Tomcat
4 24 (5.67%) Cloud Foundry
5 18 (4.26%) MS Exchange
6 17 (4.02%) WebLogic
7 16 (3.78%) Skype for Business
8 14 (3.31%) WebSphere
9 13 (3.07%) Confluence
10 12 (2.84%) Exchange Server 2013
11 10 (2.36%) Exchange Server 2010
12 8 (1.89%) WebSphere Application Server
13 7 (1.65%) Elasticsearch
13 7 (1.65%) IIS
13 7 (1.65%) Jetty
13 7 (1.65%) SharePoint
13 7 (1.65%) WildFly
14 4 (0.95%) Apache Spark
14 4 (0.95%) OpenStack
14 4 (0.95%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 26 (6.15%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.47%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (0.95%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.71%) Maximo
2 3 (0.71%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 2 (0.47%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 76 (17.97%) Microsoft Azure
2 62 (14.66%) Amazon AWS
3 47 (11.11%) PaaS
4 40 (9.46%) IaaS
5 19 (4.49%) Office 365
6 14 (3.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 13 (3.07%) Amazon EC2
7 13 (3.07%) Amazon ELB
8 12 (2.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 11 (2.60%) Amazon S3
9 11 (2.60%) Azure Active Directory
9 11 (2.60%) Cloud Computing
10 9 (2.13%) GitHub
11 7 (1.65%) Data Lake Analytics
12 6 (1.42%) AWS CloudFormation
13 5 (1.18%) SaaS
14 4 (0.95%) Amazon EMR
14 4 (0.95%) Amazon SQS
14 4 (0.95%) AWS CloudTrail
14 4 (0.95%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 49 (11.58%) Firewall
2 46 (10.87%) SAN
3 38 (8.98%) DNS
4 36 (8.51%) HTTP
5 19 (4.49%) VPN
6 16 (3.78%) DHCP
7 15 (3.55%) LDAP
8 13 (3.07%) SSH
9 12 (2.84%) LAN
10 11 (2.60%) PuTTY
10 11 (2.60%) Unified Communications
11 10 (2.36%) WAN
12 9 (2.13%) WinSCP
13 8 (1.89%) TCP/IP
14 7 (1.65%) Internet
14 7 (1.65%) iSCSI
14 7 (1.65%) NAS
14 7 (1.65%) OpenLDAP
14 7 (1.65%) OpenVPN
14 7 (1.65%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 45 (10.64%) SQL Server
2 30 (7.09%) Oracle Database
3 26 (6.15%) PostgreSQL
4 25 (5.91%) SQL Server 2012
5 16 (3.78%) Oracle Reports
6 13 (3.07%) Amazon RDS
6 13 (3.07%) Hadoop
7 12 (2.84%) Big Data
7 12 (2.84%) Data Warehouse
7 12 (2.84%) MongoDB
7 12 (2.84%) MySQL
7 12 (2.84%) SQL Server 2005
8 11 (2.60%) Azure SQL Database
8 11 (2.60%) SQL Server 2008
9 10 (2.36%) DB2
9 10 (2.36%) SQL Server 2016
9 10 (2.36%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 9 (2.13%) NoSQL
10 9 (2.13%) Oracle Database 10g
10 9 (2.13%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 99 (23.40%) Jenkins
2 54 (12.77%) Git (software)
3 48 (11.35%) Maven
4 22 (5.20%) CircleCI
4 22 (5.20%) Sonatype Nexus
4 22 (5.20%) Travis CI
5 21 (4.96%) Gradle
5 21 (4.96%) gulp
6 18 (4.26%) Ant
6 18 (4.26%) JIRA
6 18 (4.26%) StarTeam
7 16 (3.78%) Team Foundation Server
8 14 (3.31%) JUnit
8 14 (3.31%) Selenium
9 13 (3.07%) Mercurial
10 11 (2.60%) TeamCity
10 11 (2.60%) Visual Studio
11 10 (2.36%) SonarQube
12 9 (2.13%) Bitbucket
12 9 (2.13%) Liquibase
General
1 43 (10.17%) Finance
2 27 (6.38%) Banking
3 17 (4.02%) Retail
4 15 (3.55%) Telecoms
5 11 (2.60%) Manufacturing
6 7 (1.65%) Advertising
6 7 (1.65%) Investment Banking
7 6 (1.42%) Electronics
8 4 (0.95%) Publishing
9 3 (0.71%) Financial Institution
9 3 (0.71%) Marketing
9 3 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
10 2 (0.47%) French Language
10 2 (0.47%) Front Office
10 2 (0.47%) Local Government
11 1 (0.24%) Corporate Banking
11 1 (0.24%) Games
11 1 (0.24%) German Language
11 1 (0.24%) Italian Language
11 1 (0.24%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 81 (19.15%) DevOps Engineer
2 54 (12.77%) Architect
3 46 (10.87%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 37 (8.75%) Administrator
4 37 (8.75%) Developer
5 34 (8.04%) AWS Engineer
6 29 (6.86%) AWS DevOps
6 29 (6.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 24 (5.67%) Consultant
8 23 (5.44%) Systems Administrator
9 21 (4.96%) Technical Architect
10 19 (4.49%) Azure Architect
11 18 (4.26%) Analyst
12 17 (4.02%) Senior DevOps
13 16 (3.78%) Linux Engineer
13 16 (3.78%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 15 (3.55%) Linux Administrator
15 14 (3.31%) Server Engineer
16 13 (3.07%) Operations Engineer
16 13 (3.07%) Windows Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (8.27%) REST
2 26 (6.15%) Web Services
3 23 (5.44%) .NET
3 23 (5.44%) Elastic Stack
4 19 (4.49%) HTML
5 16 (3.78%) Middleware
5 16 (3.78%) XML
6 14 (3.31%) ActiveMQ
7 13 (3.07%) LAMP
8 12 (2.84%) J2EE
8 12 (2.84%) Kafka
8 12 (2.84%) LEMP Stack
9 11 (2.60%) JSON
9 11 (2.60%) LAPP Stack
10 9 (2.13%) HTML5
10 9 (2.13%) Node.js
10 9 (2.13%) XSLT
11 8 (1.89%) CSS
11 8 (1.89%) JSP
11 8 (1.89%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 42 (9.93%) Data Centre
2 30 (7.09%) Linux Command Line
3 22 (5.20%) Clustering
4 18 (4.26%) Computer Science
5 16 (3.78%) Public Cloud
6 15 (3.55%) Replication
7 11 (2.60%) EMC VNX
7 11 (2.60%) Mainframe
8 9 (2.13%) Analytical Skills
9 8 (1.89%) Private Cloud
10 7 (1.65%) Hybrid Cloud
11 5 (1.18%) Digital TV
11 5 (1.18%) Management Information System
11 5 (1.18%) MPEG
11 5 (1.18%) STB
11 5 (1.18%) User Experience
12 4 (0.95%) Blackberry
12 4 (0.95%) Enterprise Software
12 4 (0.95%) Greenfield Project
12 4 (0.95%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 179 (42.32%) Linux
2 160 (37.83%) Windows
3 84 (19.86%) Windows Server
4 65 (15.37%) Windows Server 2012
5 58 (13.71%) CentOS
6 50 (11.82%) Unix
7 44 (10.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 41 (9.69%) Windows Server 2008
9 28 (6.62%) AIX
10 25 (5.91%) Ubuntu
10 25 (5.91%) VME
11 21 (4.96%) Oracle Linux
11 21 (4.96%) Solaris
12 18 (4.26%) Windows 10
13 15 (3.55%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
13 15 (3.55%) Windows 7
14 11 (2.60%) SUSE
15 9 (2.13%) Windows Server 2003
16 6 (1.42%) VMS
17 4 (0.95%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (30.26%) DevOps
2 98 (23.17%) Agile Software Development
3 75 (17.73%) Continuous Integration
4 61 (14.42%) Migration
5 57 (13.48%) Configuration Management
6 51 (12.06%) Scrum
7 49 (11.58%) ITIL
8 34 (8.04%) Continuous Delivery
9 33 (7.80%) High Availability
9 33 (7.80%) Load Balancing
10 29 (6.86%) Open Source
10 29 (6.86%) Software Engineering
11 28 (6.62%) Service Management
12 26 (6.15%) TDD
13 25 (5.91%) Mentoring
14 19 (4.49%) Integration Testing
14 19 (4.49%) ITIL V3
14 19 (4.49%) ITSM
15 18 (4.26%) Performance Tuning
16 17 (4.02%) Capacity Management
Programming Languages
1 89 (21.04%) Java
2 73 (17.26%) Python
3 70 (16.55%) Bash Shell
4 53 (12.53%) SQL
5 39 (9.22%) Perl
5 39 (9.22%) PowerShell
6 38 (8.98%) Groovy
7 27 (6.38%) Ruby
7 27 (6.38%) Shell Script
8 19 (4.49%) COBOL
9 15 (3.55%) C#
10 14 (3.31%) JavaScript
11 13 (3.07%) VBScript
12 9 (2.13%) F#
13 8 (1.89%) C
13 8 (1.89%) C++
13 8 (1.89%) Korn
13 8 (1.89%) PHP
14 7 (1.65%) VB
15 6 (1.42%) Scala
Qualifications
1 82 (19.39%) Security Cleared
2 69 (16.31%) SC Cleared
3 17 (4.02%) Degree
4 16 (3.78%) Microsoft Certification
5 15 (3.55%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
6 14 (3.31%) MCSE
7 13 (3.07%) DV Cleared
8 10 (2.36%) BPSS Clearance
8 10 (2.36%) ISEB
8 10 (2.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 9 (2.13%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (1.65%) ISEB Practitioner
11 6 (1.42%) AWS Certification
12 5 (1.18%) CCNA
12 5 (1.18%) EMC Certification
13 4 (0.95%) MCSD
14 3 (0.71%) ISTQB
14 3 (0.71%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 2 (0.47%) PMI Certification
15 2 (0.47%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (1.65%) PCI DSS
1 7 (1.65%) SLA
2 6 (1.42%) Disclosure Scotland
2 6 (1.42%) QA
3 3 (0.71%) PA-DSS
4 2 (0.47%) ISO 14001
4 2 (0.47%) ISO 9001
5 1 (0.24%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 112 (26.48%) VMware Infrastructure
2 74 (17.49%) Active Directory
3 56 (13.24%) Docker
4 44 (10.40%) Hyper-V
5 38 (8.98%) vSphere
6 25 (5.91%) VMware ESXi
7 17 (4.02%) VMware ESX
8 14 (3.31%) vCloud
9 13 (3.07%) Virtual Servers
10 12 (2.84%) XenApp
11 7 (1.65%) Postfix
11 7 (1.65%) Squid
11 7 (1.65%) Xen
12 6 (1.42%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 5 (1.18%) FreeRADIUS
13 5 (1.18%) XenDesktop
14 4 (0.95%) Microsoft App-V
14 4 (0.95%) Veritas File System
15 3 (0.71%) ISA Server
15 3 (0.71%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 100 (23.64%) Puppet
2 69 (16.31%) Ansible
3 45 (10.64%) Opscode Chef
4 34 (8.04%) SCCM
5 30 (7.09%) Kubernetes
6 23 (5.44%) SCOM
7 19 (4.49%) Terraform
8 17 (4.02%) Tivoli Storage Manager
9 16 (3.78%) vCenter Server
9 16 (3.78%) vRealize
10 15 (3.55%) Nagios
11 12 (2.84%) Failover Clustering
12 11 (2.60%) Docker Swarm
12 11 (2.60%) logstash
13 10 (2.36%) Kibana
13 10 (2.36%) OpenAM
13 10 (2.36%) SCVMM
13 10 (2.36%) ZABBIX
14 9 (2.13%) WSUS
15 8 (1.89%) Rsyslog
Vendors
1 143 (33.81%) VMware
2 119 (28.13%) Microsoft
3 83 (19.62%) Oracle
4 60 (14.18%) Red Hat
5 57 (13.48%) HP
6 33 (7.80%) IBM
7 31 (7.33%) Cisco
8 26 (6.15%) Citrix
8 26 (6.15%) NetApp
9 21 (4.96%) EMC
10 20 (4.73%) Dell
11 19 (4.49%) ICL
12 13 (3.07%) Symantec
13 10 (2.36%) Remedy
13 10 (2.36%) Sonatype
14 9 (2.13%) SAP
15 8 (1.89%) Veritas
16 7 (1.65%) Nimble Storage
16 7 (1.65%) Tableau
17 6 (1.42%) Brocade
Wakefield, West Yorkshire
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: market rates
Posted: 2 days ago
Grangemouth, Stirlingshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £250 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Warrington, Cheshire
Real Staffing
Rate: £400 - £450 per day + competitive
Posted: 4 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Brightred Resourcing Limited
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
South West London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 5 days ago
Wakefield, West Yorkshire
Care Futures
Rate: Up to £50,000 per annum
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Lafosse Contractors
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Bristol
People Source Consulting
Rate: £650 - £800 per day
Posted: 9 days ago