Period
to 19 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
19 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 385 425 424
Rank change year-on-year +40 -1 -14
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 601 528 524
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.61% 0.53% 0.54%
As % of the System Software category 3.97% 4.12% 4.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 462 308 360
UK median daily rate £500 £444 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.68% -1.39% +12.50%
10th Percentile £315 £250 £300
90th Percentile £700 £641 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £428 £425
% change year-on-year +11.11% +0.59% +12.58%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 22 17
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £47.83 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.82% +73.93% -21.43%
10th Percentile £14.20 £14.43 £11.85
90th Percentile £40.90 £47.83 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.86 £14.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +20.43% -37.78% -35.71%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 15,141 12,823 11,871
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.33% 12.79% 12.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,925 8,320 7,442
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £401
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +6.12% +6.80%
10th Percentile £180 £160 £165
90th Percentile £638 £619 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +10.00% +7.14% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 814 703 833
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.16 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.99% +1.00% +3.23%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.40 £10.50
90th Percentile £44.68 £45.20 £44.45
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.50 £15.00 £15.00
% change year-on-year +3.33% - -4.76%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 19 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +46 573 £500 +11.11% 144
UK excluding London +11 360 £475 +11.11% 97
London +34 233 £525 +10.53% 57
South East +21 143 £469 +17.19% 20
North of England +24 93 £588 +42.42% 29
North West +32 58 £700 +60.00% 13
South West -20 40 £433 -19.53% 9
Midlands -57 33 £481 -10.88% 15
East of England +8 32 £450 +12.50% 14
Scotland +13 30 £700 +86.67% 3
Yorkshire -2 26 £463 +32.14% 15
West Midlands -35 18 £400 -20.00% 12
East Midlands -11 15 £500 -7.41% 3
Wales -6 13 £413 +5.10% 4
North East -12 9 £238 -42.77% 1
Northern Ireland +24 3 £300 - 3

For the 6 months to 19 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 253 (42.10%) Windows
2 251 (41.76%) Microsoft Azure
3 249 (41.43%) DevOps
4 166 (27.62%) Linux
5 161 (26.79%) Microsoft
6 154 (25.62%) Jenkins
7 152 (25.29%) PowerShell
8 148 (24.63%) VMware
9 144 (23.96%) Windows Server
10 139 (23.13%) PaaS
11 135 (22.46%) Java
12 134 (22.30%) Active Directory
13 133 (22.13%) Puppet
14 123 (20.47%) Ansible
15 121 (20.13%) IaaS
16 120 (19.97%) VMware Infrastructure
17 109 (18.14%) Opscode Chef
18 106 (17.64%) Agile Software Development
19 105 (17.47%) Security Cleared
20 103 (17.14%) SQL
21 101 (16.81%) Continuous Integration
22 99 (16.47%) Open Source
23 97 (16.14%) Travis CI
24 93 (15.47%) Docker
24 93 (15.47%) Python
25 84 (13.98%) Amazon AWS
26 82 (13.64%) DNS
27 81 (13.48%) Test Automation
28 77 (12.81%) Configuration Management
29 72 (11.98%) Hyper-V

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (11.15%) nginx
2 44 (7.32%) Cloud Foundry
3 26 (4.33%) SharePoint
4 19 (3.16%) Tomcat
4 19 (3.16%) WebSphere
5 18 (3.00%) MS Exchange
6 16 (2.66%) Confluence
7 13 (2.16%) IIS
8 12 (2.00%) Exchange Server 2013
8 12 (2.00%) Skype for Business
9 11 (1.83%) Apache
10 8 (1.33%) Exchange Server 2010
11 7 (1.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 6 (1.00%) Elasticsearch
12 6 (1.00%) NetWeaver
13 5 (0.83%) MQSeries
14 4 (0.67%) CICS
14 4 (0.67%) OpenStack
15 3 (0.50%) Apache Spark
15 3 (0.50%) JBoss
Applications
1 23 (3.83%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 7 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.83%) HFM
2 5 (0.83%) Maximo
3 4 (0.67%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
5 1 (0.17%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 251 (41.76%) Microsoft Azure
2 139 (23.13%) PaaS
3 121 (20.13%) IaaS
4 84 (13.98%) Amazon AWS
5 67 (11.15%) Office 365
6 55 (9.15%) Azure Active Directory
7 45 (7.49%) AWS CloudFormation
7 45 (7.49%) npm
8 28 (4.66%) Google Cloud Platform
9 25 (4.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 24 (3.99%) GitHub
10 24 (3.99%) SaaS
11 15 (2.50%) Amazon EC2
12 14 (2.33%) Amazon S3
12 14 (2.33%) Datadog
13 13 (2.16%) Azure Data Factory
14 10 (1.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 9 (1.50%) Amazon ELB
16 8 (1.33%) Serverless
17 7 (1.16%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 82 (13.64%) DNS
2 58 (9.65%) Firewall
3 57 (9.48%) TCP/IP
4 55 (9.15%) DHCP
5 41 (6.82%) HTTP
5 41 (6.82%) SSL
5 41 (6.82%) VPN
6 34 (5.66%) IPsec
7 30 (4.99%) FTP
7 30 (4.99%) SAN
8 16 (2.66%) iSCSI
8 16 (2.66%) LAN
8 16 (2.66%) Skype
9 14 (2.33%) Network Security
10 13 (2.16%) SSH
10 13 (2.16%) WAN
11 10 (1.66%) Fibre Channel
11 10 (1.66%) VLAN
12 9 (1.50%) Internet
13 8 (1.33%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (9.48%) SQL Server
2 45 (7.49%) MySQL
3 39 (6.49%) MongoDB
4 38 (6.32%) NoSQL
5 37 (6.16%) Relational Database
6 35 (5.82%) Data Lake
7 33 (5.49%) RDBMS
8 30 (4.99%) Azure SQL Database
9 27 (4.49%) Power BI
10 24 (3.99%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 23 (3.83%) HDInsight
12 17 (2.83%) Big Data
13 16 (2.66%) PostgreSQL
13 16 (2.66%) Redis
14 15 (2.50%) Oracle Database
15 10 (1.66%) Oracle Database 12c
16 8 (1.33%) Amazon RDS
16 8 (1.33%) Apache Cassandra
16 8 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
17 7 (1.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 154 (25.62%) Jenkins
2 97 (16.14%) Travis CI
3 54 (8.99%) CircleCI
4 51 (8.49%) Maven
4 51 (8.49%) Visual Studio Team System
5 48 (7.99%) IBM UrbanCode
6 46 (7.65%) Git (software)
6 46 (7.65%) Gradle
7 45 (7.49%) gulp
8 36 (5.99%) JIRA
9 34 (5.66%) Visual Studio
10 24 (3.99%) Team Foundation Server
11 19 (3.16%) Vagrant
12 15 (2.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 14 (2.33%) GitLab
14 13 (2.16%) SonarQube
15 12 (2.00%) JUnit
16 10 (1.66%) Selenium
17 8 (1.33%) Octopus Deploy
17 8 (1.33%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 45 (7.49%) Finance
2 18 (3.00%) Banking
3 13 (2.16%) Billing
4 11 (1.83%) Telecoms
5 10 (1.66%) Retail
6 9 (1.50%) Financial Institution
7 7 (1.16%) Back Office
7 7 (1.16%) Law
7 7 (1.16%) Manufacturing
8 4 (0.67%) Aerospace
8 4 (0.67%) Marketing
8 4 (0.67%) Publishing
9 3 (0.50%) Corporate Banking
10 2 (0.33%) Advertising
10 2 (0.33%) Front Office
10 2 (0.33%) Investment Banking
10 2 (0.33%) Military
10 2 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.17%) Electronics
11 1 (0.17%) Legal
Job Titles
1 174 (28.95%) DevOps Engineer
2 81 (13.48%) Azure Engineer
3 61 (10.15%) Architect
4 47 (7.82%) Azure DevOps
5 43 (7.15%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 37 (6.16%) Developer
7 35 (5.82%) Azure DevOps Engineer
8 34 (5.66%) Consultant
9 28 (4.66%) Administrator
10 21 (3.49%) Systems Administrator
11 19 (3.16%) Cloud Engineer
11 19 (3.16%) Support Engineer
12 17 (2.83%) Analyst
12 17 (2.83%) DBA
13 15 (2.50%) Azure Architect
13 15 (2.50%) Systems Engineer
14 14 (2.33%) Cloud Architect
14 14 (2.33%) Storage Engineer
15 13 (2.16%) Infrastructure Architect
15 13 (2.16%) VMware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (6.66%) .NET
2 27 (4.49%) Elastic Stack
3 19 (3.16%) Web Services
4 16 (2.66%) HTML
5 15 (2.50%) CSS
6 14 (2.33%) Middleware
6 14 (2.33%) RESTful
7 12 (2.00%) SOAP
8 11 (1.83%) Node.js
8 11 (1.83%) REST
9 10 (1.66%) WebSphere MQ
10 9 (1.50%) ASP.NET
10 9 (1.50%) Oracle GoldenGate
11 8 (1.33%) JSON
11 8 (1.33%) JSP
11 8 (1.33%) LAMP
11 8 (1.33%) RabbitMQ
11 8 (1.33%) SAML
12 7 (1.16%) Kafka
12 7 (1.16%) WebSockets
Miscellaneous
1 48 (7.99%) Clustering
2 41 (6.82%) Data Centre
3 30 (4.99%) Private Cloud
4 23 (3.83%) Hybrid Cloud
5 19 (3.16%) Analytical Skills
6 16 (2.66%) PKI
6 16 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
7 15 (2.50%) Linux Command Line
8 11 (1.83%) NHS
8 11 (1.83%) VxBlock/Vblock
9 10 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
9 10 (1.66%) Fat Client
9 10 (1.66%) Thin Client
10 9 (1.50%) Hedge funds
11 7 (1.16%) Blog
11 7 (1.16%) Mobile App
11 7 (1.16%) Public Cloud
12 6 (1.00%) Fintech
12 6 (1.00%) HP StoreVirtual
12 6 (1.00%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 253 (42.10%) Windows
2 166 (27.62%) Linux
3 144 (23.96%) Windows Server
4 61 (10.15%) Windows Server 2012
5 43 (7.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 38 (6.32%) Windows Server 2008
7 36 (5.99%) Unix
8 33 (5.49%) CentOS
9 28 (4.66%) Ubuntu
10 22 (3.66%) Windows 10
11 19 (3.16%) Windows 7
12 17 (2.83%) Solaris
13 14 (2.33%) VMS
14 9 (1.50%) Oracle Linux
15 8 (1.33%) DC/OS
16 7 (1.16%) Data ONTAP
17 6 (1.00%) Debian
18 5 (0.83%) SUSE
18 5 (0.83%) Windows Server 2003
19 4 (0.67%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 249 (41.43%) DevOps
2 106 (17.64%) Agile Software Development
3 101 (16.81%) Continuous Integration
4 99 (16.47%) Open Source
5 81 (13.48%) Test Automation
6 77 (12.81%) Configuration Management
7 61 (10.15%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 61 (10.15%) Migration
7 61 (10.15%) Problem-Solving
8 58 (9.65%) ITIL
9 55 (9.15%) Microservices
10 54 (8.99%) Data Protection
11 52 (8.65%) Analytics
11 52 (8.65%) Network Virtualisation
12 48 (7.99%) Continuous Delivery
13 43 (7.15%) OO
13 43 (7.15%) Scrum
14 36 (5.99%) OOP
15 33 (5.49%) Performance Tuning
16 30 (4.99%) Target Operating Model
Programming Languages
1 152 (25.29%) PowerShell
2 135 (22.46%) Java
3 103 (17.14%) SQL
4 93 (15.47%) Python
5 69 (11.48%) Shell Script
6 63 (10.48%) Groovy
7 25 (4.16%) C#
8 23 (3.83%) JavaScript
9 19 (3.16%) Bash Shell
10 13 (2.16%) VB
11 12 (2.00%) Perl
12 11 (1.83%) Ruby
13 9 (1.50%) Scala
14 7 (1.16%) C++
15 6 (1.00%) ABAP
15 6 (1.00%) C
15 6 (1.00%) Clojure
15 6 (1.00%) PHP
16 4 (0.67%) JCL
16 4 (0.67%) XQuery
Qualifications
1 105 (17.47%) Security Cleared
2 64 (10.65%) SC Cleared
3 39 (6.49%) Microsoft Certification
4 29 (4.83%) DV Cleared
5 22 (3.66%) Degree
6 21 (3.49%) MCSE
7 18 (3.00%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 10 (1.66%) CCA
8 10 (1.66%) Cisco Certification
8 10 (1.66%) Citrix Certification
8 10 (1.66%) Computer Science Degree
8 10 (1.66%) MCSA
9 9 (1.50%) VCAP
9 9 (1.50%) VCP4
10 8 (1.33%) OCP
10 8 (1.33%) Oracle Certification
11 7 (1.16%) MCTS
11 7 (1.16%) VCP5
12 6 (1.00%) NCDA
12 6 (1.00%) NCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (3.00%) QA
2 8 (1.33%) SLA
3 6 (1.00%) GDPR
4 3 (0.50%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.33%) Government Security Classifications
5 2 (0.33%) NIST 800
5 2 (0.33%) PMO
6 1 (0.17%) COBIT
6 1 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.17%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 134 (22.30%) Active Directory
2 120 (19.97%) VMware Infrastructure
3 93 (15.47%) Docker
4 72 (11.98%) Hyper-V
5 46 (7.65%) vSphere
6 28 (4.66%) VMware ESXi
7 24 (3.99%) XenApp
8 16 (2.66%) VirtualBox
9 15 (2.50%) vCloud
10 13 (2.16%) Firmware
11 11 (1.83%) Oracle RAC
11 11 (1.83%) VMware NSX
11 11 (1.83%) XenDesktop
12 9 (1.50%) NFS
12 9 (1.50%) XenServer
13 8 (1.33%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (1.00%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 5 (0.83%) iptables
15 5 (0.83%) Microsoft App-V
15 5 (0.83%) Squid
Systems Management
1 133 (22.13%) Puppet
2 123 (20.47%) Ansible
3 109 (18.14%) Opscode Chef
4 71 (11.81%) Terraform
5 61 (10.15%) Kubernetes
6 53 (8.82%) SCCM
7 29 (4.83%) vCenter Server
8 22 (3.66%) SCVMM
9 20 (3.33%) Packer
10 19 (3.16%) SCOM
11 18 (3.00%) Microsoft Clustering
12 17 (2.83%) Docker Swarm
13 13 (2.16%) Data Guard
14 11 (1.83%) SCOrch
15 10 (1.66%) Nagios
15 10 (1.66%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 10 (1.66%) Red Hat Satellite
15 10 (1.66%) WSUS
16 9 (1.50%) Microsoft Intune
17 8 (1.33%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
Vendors
1 161 (26.79%) Microsoft
2 148 (24.63%) VMware
3 59 (9.82%) Citrix
4 56 (9.32%) Oracle
5 46 (7.65%) Cisco
6 28 (4.66%) Google
7 27 (4.49%) HP
7 27 (4.49%) Red Hat
8 22 (3.66%) New Relic
9 21 (3.49%) Splunk
10 20 (3.33%) IBM
11 19 (3.16%) NetApp
12 18 (3.00%) Dell
13 16 (2.66%) CA
13 16 (2.66%) McAfee
14 12 (2.00%) Symantec
15 9 (1.50%) CheckPoint
15 9 (1.50%) SAP
16 8 (1.33%) EMC
16 8 (1.33%) Juniper