Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 364 431 451
Rank change year-on-year +67 +20 -40
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 616 545 425
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.68% 0.54% 0.46%
As % of the System Software category 4.39% 3.96% 4.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 417 356 267
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.86% +4.59%
10th Percentile £299 £263 £250
90th Percentile £675 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £380
% change year-on-year - +18.42% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 18 6
UK median hourly rate £36.67 £45.25 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.96% +158.57% -54.84%
10th Percentile £15.76 £18.70 £14.13
90th Percentile £47.10 £60.00 £41.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.18 £45.25 £17.50
% change year-on-year -64.25% +158.57% -32.69%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,041 13,774 10,276
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.45% 13.74% 11.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,285 8,883 6,573
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £181 £185 £163
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 610 822 656
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - -
10th Percentile £11.16 £11.00 £10.13
90th Percentile £47.50 £45.87 £46.07
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.76 £15.53 £15.00
% change year-on-year +1.46% +3.55% -6.25%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK

Virtual Machines
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +66 580 £489 +2.89% 28
UK excluding London +27 323 £450 - 20
London +91 285 £525 - 8
South East +54 125 £453 +6.47% 7
North of England -12 62 £488 +8.33% 9
South West -15 51 £475 -3.55% 2
Midlands +33 47 £425 +6.25%
Yorkshire +13 28 £438 -12.50% 2
West Midlands +20 27 £450 +28.57%
North West -18 21 £525 +23.53% 7
East Midlands +19 20 £413 -5.17%
North East +16 13 £553 +54.55%
Scotland +13 11 £650 +8.33%
East of England -5 11 £363 -9.94% 2
Wales +16 10 £413 -1.20%
Northern Ireland - 6 £475 -
Channel Islands - 1 £625 -

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 274 (44.48%) Windows
2 233 (37.82%) DevOps
3 226 (36.69%) Microsoft Azure
4 200 (32.47%) Microsoft
5 167 (27.11%) Active Directory
6 157 (25.49%) Jenkins
7 150 (24.35%) Linux
8 149 (24.19%) PowerShell
9 142 (23.05%) Puppet
10 136 (22.08%) Java
11 133 (21.59%) Agile Software Development
12 128 (20.78%) VMware
13 124 (20.13%) Kubernetes
14 123 (19.97%) Continuous Integration
15 118 (19.16%) Opscode Chef
16 110 (17.86%) VMware Infrastructure
17 109 (17.69%) DNS
18 107 (17.37%) Ansible
18 107 (17.37%) Windows Server
19 105 (17.05%) Docker
20 104 (16.88%) Open Source
21 102 (16.56%) Hyper-V
22 101 (16.40%) PaaS
23 99 (16.07%) IaaS
24 95 (15.42%) Configuration Management
25 91 (14.77%) Amazon AWS
26 90 (14.61%) Python
27 87 (14.12%) DHCP
28 86 (13.96%) SCCM
29 85 (13.80%) SQL

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (9.09%) nginx
2 43 (6.98%) Tomcat
3 35 (5.68%) WebSphere
4 34 (5.52%) Cloud Foundry
5 28 (4.55%) SharePoint
6 24 (3.90%) Skype for Business
7 20 (3.25%) IIS
8 16 (2.60%) Exchange Server 2013
9 14 (2.27%) MS Exchange
10 11 (1.79%) OpenStack
11 10 (1.62%) Apache
12 9 (1.46%) Confluence
13 5 (0.81%) Elasticsearch
13 5 (0.81%) Exchange Server 2010
14 4 (0.65%) Apache Spark
14 4 (0.65%) WordPress
15 3 (0.49%) CloudStack
15 3 (0.49%) JBoss
16 2 (0.32%) CMS
16 2 (0.32%) MQSeries
Applications
1 25 (4.06%) Microsoft Office
2 6 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.65%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (0.65%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.16%) Acrobat
4 1 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.16%) AutoCAD
4 1 (0.16%) InDesign
4 1 (0.16%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.16%) SketchUp
Business Applications
1 6 (0.97%) Oracle Applications
2 5 (0.81%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.16%) FLEXCUBE
Cloud Services
1 226 (36.69%) Microsoft Azure
2 101 (16.40%) PaaS
3 99 (16.07%) IaaS
4 91 (14.77%) Amazon AWS
5 52 (8.44%) Office 365
6 51 (8.28%) npm
7 36 (5.84%) Azure Active Directory
8 33 (5.36%) Google Cloud Platform
9 17 (2.76%) Power Platform
10 15 (2.44%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 15 (2.44%) Dynamics 365
11 12 (1.95%) Amazon ECS
11 12 (1.95%) SaaS
12 10 (1.62%) OpenShift
13 9 (1.46%) GitHub
14 8 (1.30%) Azure Data Factory
14 8 (1.30%) Serverless
15 7 (1.14%) AWS CloudFormation
16 5 (0.81%) Cloud Computing
16 5 (0.81%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 109 (17.69%) DNS
2 87 (14.12%) DHCP
3 59 (9.58%) SSL
4 56 (9.09%) TCP/IP
5 54 (8.77%) SAN
6 52 (8.44%) HTTP
7 50 (8.12%) FTP
7 50 (8.12%) IPsec
8 43 (6.98%) Firewall
9 20 (3.25%) iSCSI
10 18 (2.92%) Fibre Channel
11 16 (2.60%) WAN
12 15 (2.44%) Cisco ASA
12 15 (2.44%) Cisco Nexus
13 13 (2.11%) VLAN
14 12 (1.95%) LAN
14 12 (1.95%) Skype
15 11 (1.79%) Cisco Firepower
16 10 (1.62%) Remote Desktop
16 10 (1.62%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (11.69%) MySQL
2 66 (10.71%) NoSQL
3 56 (9.09%) Relational Database
4 53 (8.60%) SQL Server
5 52 (8.44%) RDBMS
6 51 (8.28%) MongoDB
7 33 (5.36%) Big Data
8 26 (4.22%) Azure SQL Database
9 20 (3.25%) Data Lake
10 19 (3.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 17 (2.76%) Data Warehouse
11 17 (2.76%) Power BI
12 14 (2.27%) HDInsight
13 11 (1.79%) Oracle Database
14 9 (1.46%) Cosmos DB
14 9 (1.46%) Redis
15 8 (1.30%) PostgreSQL
16 6 (0.97%) DB2
16 6 (0.97%) SQL Server 2012
17 5 (0.81%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 157 (25.49%) Jenkins
2 63 (10.23%) Travis CI
3 62 (10.06%) Visual Studio Team System
4 60 (9.74%) Git (software)
5 55 (8.93%) Gradle
6 54 (8.77%) Maven
7 42 (6.82%) gulp
7 42 (6.82%) Visual Studio
8 39 (6.33%) MSI
9 29 (4.71%) JUnit
10 25 (4.06%) IBM UrbanCode
10 25 (4.06%) JIRA
11 22 (3.57%) TeamCity
12 20 (3.25%) Jasmine
13 16 (2.60%) CircleCI
14 14 (2.27%) Bitbucket
14 14 (2.27%) ReSharper
14 14 (2.27%) Sonatype Nexus
14 14 (2.27%) WiX
15 11 (1.79%) Selenium
General
1 78 (12.66%) Finance
2 44 (7.14%) Banking
3 19 (3.08%) Retail
4 14 (2.27%) Billing
5 10 (1.62%) Telecoms
6 9 (1.46%) Corporate Banking
7 8 (1.30%) Games
8 7 (1.14%) Financial Institution
9 6 (0.97%) Advertising
9 6 (0.97%) Marketing
10 5 (0.81%) Publishing
11 3 (0.49%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.32%) French Language
12 2 (0.32%) German Language
12 2 (0.32%) Law
12 2 (0.32%) Military
13 1 (0.16%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.16%) Back Office
13 1 (0.16%) Electronics
13 1 (0.16%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 167 (27.11%) DevOps Engineer
2 59 (9.58%) Azure Engineer
3 53 (8.60%) Developer
4 49 (7.95%) Architect
5 41 (6.66%) Azure DevOps
6 38 (6.17%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 37 (6.01%) Consultant
8 31 (5.03%) Azure DevOps Engineer
9 29 (4.71%) Analyst
10 28 (4.55%) Administrator
11 25 (4.06%) Support Engineer
12 22 (3.57%) Wintel Engineer
13 19 (3.08%) Technical Architect
13 19 (3.08%) VMware Engineer
14 18 (2.92%) Automation Engineer
15 17 (2.76%) Azure Architect
15 17 (2.76%) IT Support
16 15 (2.44%) Cloud Engineer
16 15 (2.44%) DevOps Automation Engineer
16 15 (2.44%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (6.49%) .NET
2 31 (5.03%) Web Services
3 27 (4.38%) Node.js
4 25 (4.06%) JSON
5 18 (2.92%) RESTful
6 13 (2.11%) CSS
6 13 (2.11%) HTML
7 12 (1.95%) React
7 12 (1.95%) SAML
8 11 (1.79%) Software Packaging
9 10 (1.62%) .NET Framework
9 10 (1.62%) AngularJS
10 9 (1.46%) Middleware
10 9 (1.46%) XML
11 8 (1.30%) jQuery
11 8 (1.30%) Spring
12 7 (1.14%) Elastic Stack
12 7 (1.14%) LAMP
12 7 (1.14%) LDAP
13 6 (0.97%) Oracle GoldenGate
Miscellaneous
1 64 (10.39%) Data Centre
2 59 (9.58%) Clustering
3 30 (4.87%) Analytical Skills
4 21 (3.41%) Linux Command Line
5 20 (3.25%) Hybrid Cloud
6 19 (3.08%) User Experience
7 15 (2.44%) Public Cloud
8 11 (1.79%) FMCG
9 10 (1.62%) Mobile App
10 9 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
10 9 (1.46%) Hedge funds
10 9 (1.46%) Replication
10 9 (1.46%) Self-Motivation
11 6 (0.97%) Greenfield Project
11 6 (0.97%) Private Cloud
11 6 (0.97%) VxBlock/Vblock
12 5 (0.81%) NHS
12 5 (0.81%) PKI
13 4 (0.65%) CMDB
13 4 (0.65%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 274 (44.48%) Windows
2 150 (24.35%) Linux
3 107 (17.37%) Windows Server
4 70 (11.36%) Windows Server 2012
5 53 (8.60%) Windows 10
6 31 (5.03%) Windows 7
7 23 (3.73%) Windows Server 2008
8 19 (3.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 18 (2.92%) Unix
10 14 (2.27%) Solaris
11 11 (1.79%) Windows Server 2003
12 9 (1.46%) VMS
13 5 (0.81%) AIX
13 5 (0.81%) HPUX
14 4 (0.65%) Android
15 3 (0.49%) Apple iOS
15 3 (0.49%) Oracle Linux
15 3 (0.49%) SUSE
15 3 (0.49%) Ubuntu
15 3 (0.49%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 233 (37.82%) DevOps
2 133 (21.59%) Agile Software Development
3 123 (19.97%) Continuous Integration
4 104 (16.88%) Open Source
5 95 (15.42%) Configuration Management
6 84 (13.64%) ITIL
7 81 (13.15%) Test Automation
8 79 (12.82%) Microservices
9 64 (10.39%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 60 (9.74%) OO
11 48 (7.79%) Migration
11 48 (7.79%) OOP
12 47 (7.63%) Data Protection
13 46 (7.47%) Thought Leadership
14 45 (7.31%) Target Operating Model
15 44 (7.14%) Analytics
16 41 (6.66%) Network Virtualisation
17 34 (5.52%) Problem-Solving
17 34 (5.52%) Service Management
18 32 (5.19%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 149 (24.19%) PowerShell
2 136 (22.08%) Java
3 90 (14.61%) Python
4 85 (13.80%) SQL
5 61 (9.90%) Shell Script
6 54 (8.77%) C#
7 52 (8.44%) Groovy
8 47 (7.63%) JavaScript
9 30 (4.87%) Ruby
10 23 (3.73%) Bash Shell
11 22 (3.57%) C++
12 20 (3.25%) VB
13 11 (1.79%) Perl
14 10 (1.62%) C
15 9 (1.46%) TypeScript
16 8 (1.30%) PHP
16 8 (1.30%) Scala
17 6 (0.97%) AWK
18 5 (0.81%) F#
18 5 (0.81%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 82 (13.31%) Security Cleared
2 34 (5.52%) DV Cleared
2 34 (5.52%) SC Cleared
3 30 (4.87%) Microsoft Certification
4 23 (3.73%) Degree
5 20 (3.25%) MCSE
6 17 (2.76%) MCSA
7 12 (1.95%) Cisco Certification
8 11 (1.79%) MCP
9 9 (1.46%) ITIL Certification
10 5 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
10 5 (0.81%) CCIE
10 5 (0.81%) Computer Science Degree
10 5 (0.81%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 4 (0.65%) CCNA
11 4 (0.65%) CCNP
11 4 (0.65%) JNCIS
11 4 (0.65%) RHCSA
12 3 (0.49%) OCP
12 3 (0.49%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 25 (4.06%) SLA
2 9 (1.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 9 (1.46%) QA
3 3 (0.49%) GDPR
3 3 (0.49%) PCI DSS
4 2 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.16%) GAMP
5 1 (0.16%) HAZOP
5 1 (0.16%) HIPAA
5 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 1 (0.16%) NCSC
5 1 (0.16%) NIST
5 1 (0.16%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.16%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 167 (27.11%) Active Directory
2 110 (17.86%) VMware Infrastructure
3 105 (17.05%) Docker
4 102 (16.56%) Hyper-V
5 35 (5.68%) VMware ESXi
6 26 (4.22%) Virtual Desktop
6 26 (4.22%) vSphere
6 26 (4.22%) XenApp
7 23 (3.73%) Virtual Servers
7 23 (3.73%) XenDesktop
8 17 (2.76%) Microsoft App-V
9 11 (1.79%) DFS Replication
10 10 (1.62%) vCloud
11 9 (1.46%) Firmware
12 7 (1.14%) LXC
13 5 (0.81%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 5 (0.81%) Microsoft Virtual Server
13 5 (0.81%) VMware Workstation
14 4 (0.65%) NFS
15 3 (0.49%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 142 (23.05%) Puppet
2 124 (20.13%) Kubernetes
3 118 (19.16%) Opscode Chef
4 107 (17.37%) Ansible
5 86 (13.96%) SCCM
6 54 (8.77%) Terraform
7 49 (7.95%) SCOM
8 47 (7.63%) Microsoft Clustering
9 43 (6.98%) SCVMM
10 40 (6.49%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
11 26 (4.22%) WSUS
12 24 (3.90%) SCOrch
13 23 (3.73%) vCenter Server
14 17 (2.76%) Failover Clustering
15 16 (2.60%) QRadar
16 15 (2.44%) Microsoft Intune
16 15 (2.44%) SCDPM
17 14 (2.27%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
18 11 (1.79%) SCSM
19 8 (1.30%) Cisco CUCM
Vendors
1 200 (32.47%) Microsoft
2 128 (20.78%) VMware
3 60 (9.74%) Citrix
4 50 (8.12%) Cisco
5 46 (7.47%) Oracle
6 33 (5.36%) Dell
7 27 (4.38%) HP
8 22 (3.57%) EqualLogic
9 21 (3.41%) Red Hat
10 20 (3.25%) Google
11 17 (2.76%) F5
12 16 (2.60%) Symantec
13 15 (2.44%) Ivanti
14 14 (2.27%) NetApp
15 11 (1.79%) CheckPoint
16 10 (1.62%) Facebook
16 10 (1.62%) Splunk
17 9 (1.46%) IBM
17 9 (1.46%) Palo Alto
18 8 (1.30%) Meraki