The table below looks at the statistics for MVC skills in IT jobs advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the salaries offered in IT jobs that have cited MVC over the 3 months to 30 September 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

3 months to
30 Sep 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Model-View-Controller (MVC)
Rank 17 20 21
Rank change year-on-year
+3 +1
Permanent jobs citing MVC 8620 9722 10325
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 9.05% 8.91% 9.03%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.25% 10.18% 10.58%
Number of salaries quoted 7907 8923 9021
Median salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,000
Median salary % change year-on-year
+5.88% +1.19%
90% offered a salary of more than £31,500 £30,000 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
UK excluding London median salary £40,000 £40,000 £40,000

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Processes & Methodologies category in permanent jobs advertised across the UK.

Processes & Methodologies Category
UK
Permanent IT job ads with a match in the
Processes & Methodologies category
84067 95471 97586
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 88.24% 87.53% 85.32%
Number of salaries quoted 69978 78940 78095
Median salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year
- +5.26%
90% offered a salary of more than £32,500 £32,500 £30,500
10% offered a salary of more than £77,500 £72,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year
- +5.88%

MVC
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of job ads citing MVC as a proportion of all IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

MVC Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

MVC
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing MVC within the UK.

MVC Salary Trend in the UK

MVC
Salary Histogram

This chart provides a salary histogram for IT jobs citing MVC over the 3 months to 30 September 2016 within the UK.

MVC Salary Histogram in the UK

MVC
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing MVC within the UK over the 3 months to 30 September 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 8053 £45,000 +5.88% 1217
London +2 2660 £55,000 +10.00% 326
South East +2 1747 £42,500 - 208
North West +3 823 £40,000 - 160
East of England -1 627 £43,000 -4.44% 105
South West -3 618 £40,000 +6.66% 107
West Midlands 0 582 £37,500 - 97
Yorkshire +4 521 £40,000 - 108
Manchester +4 501 £41,500 -2.35% 101
Hampshire +2 411 £40,000 -5.88% 60
City of London +11 409 £55,000 +10.00% 91
East Midlands +3 405 £40,000 +6.66% 81
West Yorkshire +9 363 £40,000 - 73
Surrey +8 351 £47,500 +5.55% 36
Buckinghamshire +5 263 £45,000 +12.50% 20
Scotland +8 248 £40,000 - 42
Leeds +9 246 £37,750 -5.62% 53
Berkshire -9 243 £45,000 -10.00% 25
Cheshire +7 215 £40,000 - 23
Hertfordshire -1 210 £45,000 - 34
Bristol 0 209 £42,500 +13.33% 31
Birmingham -6 195 £40,000 +6.66% 32
Nottinghamshire +3 166 £41,046 +17.27% 24
Cambridgeshire -5 162 £45,000 +12.50% 37
Wales -1 159 £36,000 +2.85% 27
Milton Keynes +8 154 £42,500 +6.25% 7
Oxfordshire -8 153 £45,000 +5.88% 30
Nottingham +7 145 £40,000 +6.66% 21
Staffordshire +9 136 £38,500 - 18
Glasgow +3 131 £39,250 -1.87% 18

MVC
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 September 2016, IT jobs citing MVC also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for MVC.

1 13581 (76.29%) .NET
2 13182 (74.05%) C#
3 11128 (62.51%) ASP.NET
4 10790 (60.61%) JavaScript
5 9417 (52.90%) Agile Software Development
6 9333 (52.43%) HTML
7 8716 (48.96%) SQL Server
8 8487 (47.68%) CSS
9 8458 (47.51%) ASP.NET MVC
10 6159 (34.60%) jQuery
11 6007 (33.75%) SQL
12 5737 (32.23%) TDD
13 5233 (29.40%) AngularJS
14 4167 (23.41%) .NET Framework
15 4070 (22.86%) WCF
16 4000 (22.47%) Microsoft
17 3996 (22.45%) Web Development
18 3990 (22.41%) Scrum
19 3739 (21.00%) HTML5
20 3670 (20.62%) ASP.NET Web API
21 3254 (18.28%) Web Services
22 3175 (17.84%) OO
23 3014 (16.93%) Finance
24 2906 (16.32%) Git (software)
25 2638 (14.82%) Entity Framework
26 2627 (14.76%) ASP.NET MVC 5
27 2531 (14.22%) BDD
28 2329 (13.08%) PHP
29 2228 (12.52%) XML
30 2203 (12.38%) CSS3

MVC
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 988 (5.55%) CMS
2 850 (4.78%) IIS
3 625 (3.51%) SharePoint
4 568 (3.19%) Umbraco
5 518 (2.91%) Elasticsearch
6 400 (2.25%) Apache
7 252 (1.42%) Sitecore CMS
8 238 (1.34%) WordPress
9 220 (1.24%) BizTalk Server
10 218 (1.22%) Tomcat
11 197 (1.11%) SharePoint 2013
12 172 (0.97%) JBoss
13 131 (0.74%) NServiceBus
14 124 (0.70%) Drupal
15 112 (0.63%) Apache Solr
16 109 (0.61%) WebSphere
17 81 (0.46%) Mule
18 78 (0.44%) SharePoint 2010
19 77 (0.43%) Confluence
20 76 (0.43%) Kentico
Applications
1 1337 (7.51%) MS Excel
2 210 (1.18%) Photoshop
3 104 (0.58%) MS Office
4 75 (0.42%) Adobe Illustrator
5 30 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 23 (0.13%) Fireworks
7 13 (0.073%) HipChat
8 10 (0.056%) OmniGraffle
9 7 (0.039%) MS Project
9 7 (0.039%) MS Visio
9 7 (0.039%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.034%) InfoPath
10 6 (0.034%) UXPin
11 4 (0.022%) GIMP
12 2 (0.011%) InDesign
12 2 (0.011%) Maya
12 2 (0.011%) MS PowerPoint
12 2 (0.011%) S-PLUS
13 1 (0.006%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.006%) InVision
Business Applications
1 231 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 170 (0.96%) Magento
3 84 (0.47%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 36 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
5 24 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
6 20 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
7 15 (0.084%) Adobe Campaign
7 15 (0.084%) thinkFolio
8 14 (0.079%) Dynamics AX
9 13 (0.073%) SDL Web 8
10 12 (0.067%) HiPortfolio
11 11 (0.062%) Dynamics NAV
12 10 (0.056%) Markit EDM
12 10 (0.056%) Sentinel
13 9 (0.051%) nopCommerce
14 7 (0.039%) Visualfiles
14 7 (0.039%) WebTrends
15 4 (0.022%) Apache OFBiz
15 4 (0.022%) FastStats PeopleStage
15 4 (0.022%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 1550 (8.71%) Microsoft Azure
2 861 (4.84%) Amazon AWS
3 422 (2.37%) SaaS
4 268 (1.51%) GitHub
5 93 (0.52%) Office 365
6 78 (0.44%) Google Play
7 73 (0.41%) Google Analytics
8 69 (0.39%) Cloud Computing
9 64 (0.36%) Amazon EC2
10 61 (0.34%) PaaS
11 44 (0.25%) Amazon SQS
12 33 (0.19%) Google Cloud Platform
13 28 (0.16%) Sage Pay
14 24 (0.13%) IaaS
15 19 (0.11%) Slack
16 16 (0.090%) AdWords
16 16 (0.090%) Amazon S3
17 14 (0.079%) Google Apps
17 14 (0.079%) Trello
18 11 (0.062%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 662 (3.72%) Internet
2 173 (0.97%) HTTP
3 157 (0.88%) Intranet
4 55 (0.31%) SSL
5 48 (0.27%) Broadband
6 43 (0.24%) TCP/IP
7 34 (0.19%) DNS
8 33 (0.19%) Skype
9 26 (0.15%) LDAP
10 23 (0.13%) HTTPS
11 18 (0.10%) SMPP
12 14 (0.079%) ATM
12 14 (0.079%) FTP
13 12 (0.067%) RFID
13 12 (0.067%) SAN
14 10 (0.056%) DAB
14 10 (0.056%) Extranet
14 10 (0.056%) SMTP
14 10 (0.056%) Unified Communications
15 8 (0.045%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8716 (48.96%) SQL Server
2 1897 (10.66%) SQL Server 2014
3 1779 (9.99%) MySQL
4 1502 (8.44%) NoSQL
5 873 (4.90%) SQL Server 2008
6 799 (4.49%) MongoDB
7 775 (4.35%) Relational Database
8 665 (3.74%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 602 (3.38%) SQL Server 2012
10 563 (3.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 297 (1.67%) Redis
12 254 (1.43%) Big Data
13 222 (1.25%) RDBMS
14 217 (1.22%) PostgreSQL
15 188 (1.06%) SQL Server 2005
16 154 (0.87%) Apache Cassandra
17 141 (0.79%) Oracle Database
18 118 (0.66%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 116 (0.65%) Data Warehouse
19 116 (0.65%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 2906 (16.32%) Git (software)
2 1874 (10.53%) Visual Studio
3 1588 (8.92%) Team Foundation Server
4 1259 (7.07%) Subversion
5 1218 (6.84%) NUnit
6 643 (3.61%) Rhino Mocks
7 593 (3.33%) TeamCity
8 547 (3.07%) Selenium
9 540 (3.03%) JIRA
10 534 (3.00%) Moq
11 494 (2.78%) Jenkins
12 351 (1.97%) MSTest
13 338 (1.90%) gulp
14 294 (1.65%) Grunt
15 290 (1.63%) Maven
16 279 (1.57%) JUnit
17 235 (1.32%) Jasmine
18 230 (1.29%) Octopus Deploy
19 209 (1.17%) PHPUnit
20 160 (0.90%) SpecFlow
General
1 3014 (16.93%) Finance
2 889 (4.99%) Marketing
3 645 (3.62%) Banking
4 631 (3.54%) Games
5 518 (2.91%) Retail
6 494 (2.78%) Advertising
7 385 (2.16%) Telecoms
8 350 (1.97%) Law
9 221 (1.24%) Manufacturing
10 180 (1.01%) Back Office
11 167 (0.94%) Legal
12 147 (0.83%) Front Office
13 131 (0.74%) Investment Banking
14 124 (0.70%) Electronics
15 103 (0.58%) Music Industry
16 94 (0.53%) Financial Institution
17 90 (0.51%) Automotive
18 88 (0.49%) Publishing
19 67 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
20 23 (0.13%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 15819 (88.87%) Developer
2 9118 (51.22%) .NET Developer
3 6882 (38.66%) C# Developer
4 5368 (30.16%) C# .NET Developer
5 3559 (19.99%) ASP.NET Developer
6 3230 (18.15%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
7 3125 (17.56%) C# ASP.NET Developer
8 3073 (17.26%) Senior Developer
9 1859 (10.44%) Software Developer
10 1815 (10.20%) Web Developer
11 1634 (9.18%) PHP Developer
12 1526 (8.57%) JavaScript Developer
13 1521 (8.54%) Senior .NET Developer
14 1407 (7.90%) SQL Developer
15 1302 (7.31%) .NET Software Developer
16 1223 (6.87%) Senior C# Developer
17 1186 (6.66%) C# Software Developer
18 1023 (5.75%) Java Developer
19 994 (5.58%) HTML Developer
20 910 (5.11%) Senior C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13581 (76.29%) .NET
2 11128 (62.51%) ASP.NET
3 9333 (52.43%) HTML
4 8487 (47.68%) CSS
5 8458 (47.51%) ASP.NET MVC
6 6159 (34.60%) jQuery
7 5233 (29.40%) AngularJS
8 4167 (23.41%) .NET Framework
9 4070 (22.86%) WCF
10 3739 (21.00%) HTML5
11 3670 (20.62%) ASP.NET Web API
12 3254 (18.28%) Web Services
13 2638 (14.82%) Entity Framework
14 2627 (14.76%) ASP.NET MVC 5
15 2228 (12.52%) XML
16 2203 (12.38%) CSS3
17 2011 (11.30%) RESTful
18 1914 (10.75%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 1828 (10.27%) Node.js
20 1764 (9.91%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 1256 (7.06%) Computer Science
2 943 (5.30%) User Experience
3 853 (4.79%) Mobile App
4 600 (3.37%) Enterprise Software
5 559 (3.14%) Analytical Skills
6 428 (2.40%) Inversion of Control
7 328 (1.84%) iPad
8 313 (1.76%) Fintech
9 215 (1.21%) Client/Server
10 207 (1.16%) Mathematics
11 179 (1.01%) Social Media
12 155 (0.87%) Tandem
13 137 (0.77%) N-Tier
14 125 (0.70%) iPhone
15 111 (0.62%) Social Network
16 101 (0.57%) Visualisation
17 95 (0.53%) Algorithms
18 84 (0.47%) BBC
19 81 (0.46%) NHS
20 77 (0.43%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1609 (9.04%) Windows
2 1110 (6.24%) Linux
3 476 (2.67%) Android
4 412 (2.31%) Apple iOS
5 244 (1.37%) Unix
6 158 (0.89%) Windows Server
7 73 (0.41%) Debian
8 61 (0.34%) Windows Phone
9 58 (0.33%) Windows 8
10 53 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
11 52 (0.29%) Ubuntu
12 33 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
13 30 (0.17%) Windows 10
14 26 (0.15%) Mac OS X
14 26 (0.15%) Windows 7
15 18 (0.10%) CentOS
15 18 (0.10%) Windows Phone 7
16 17 (0.096%) webOS
17 14 (0.079%) Windows Phone 8
18 12 (0.067%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 9417 (52.90%) Agile Software Development
2 5737 (32.23%) TDD
3 3996 (22.45%) Web Development
4 3990 (22.41%) Scrum
5 3175 (17.84%) OO
6 2531 (14.22%) BDD
7 2132 (11.98%) Web Application Development
8 2000 (11.24%) Software Engineering
9 1823 (10.24%) Continuous Integration
10 1616 (9.08%) E-Commerce
11 1607 (9.03%) OOP
12 1539 (8.65%) SDLC
13 1468 (8.25%) Unit Testing
14 1135 (6.38%) Front End Development
15 968 (5.44%) Mentoring
16 965 (5.42%) Kanban
17 940 (5.28%) SOLID
18 910 (5.11%) SOA
19 883 (4.96%) Dependency Injection
20 663 (3.72%) OOD
Programming Languages
1 13182 (74.05%) C#
2 10790 (60.61%) JavaScript
3 6007 (33.75%) SQL
4 2329 (13.08%) PHP
5 1982 (11.13%) Java
6 1681 (9.44%) T-SQL
7 1312 (7.37%) VB.NET
8 1028 (5.77%) Ruby
9 542 (3.04%) VB
10 463 (2.60%) Python
11 375 (2.11%) TypeScript
12 356 (2.00%) C++
13 351 (1.97%) Scala
14 257 (1.44%) PL/SQL
15 241 (1.35%) PowerShell
16 203 (1.14%) Groovy
17 165 (0.93%) PHP 5
18 149 (0.84%) C
19 127 (0.71%) XPath
20 119 (0.67%) F#
Qualifications
1 1832 (10.29%) Degree
2 369 (2.07%) Microsoft Certification
3 194 (1.09%) Security Cleared
4 135 (0.76%) SC Cleared
5 100 (0.56%) MCSD
6 83 (0.47%) PMI Certification
7 70 (0.39%) DV Cleared
8 61 (0.34%) MCP
9 48 (0.27%) MCAD
10 44 (0.25%) MCTS
11 41 (0.23%) PhD
12 24 (0.13%) HND
13 14 (0.079%) PMP
13 14 (0.079%) Sun Certification
14 12 (0.067%) ISEB
14 12 (0.067%) MCSE
15 9 (0.051%) ITIL Certification
15 9 (0.051%) MCITP
16 8 (0.045%) BPSS Clearance
16 8 (0.045%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 540 (3.03%) QA
2 45 (0.25%) MiFID
3 42 (0.24%) PCI DSS
4 37 (0.21%) SLA
5 19 (0.11%) GAMP
6 13 (0.073%) SDET
7 10 (0.056%) ISO 9001
8 6 (0.034%) WCAG
9 5 (0.028%) AIFMD
9 5 (0.028%) EMIR
9 5 (0.028%) WAI
10 4 (0.022%) Data Quality
10 4 (0.022%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.022%) SEPA
11 3 (0.017%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 2 (0.011%) HL7
12 2 (0.011%) ISO 14001
13 1 (0.006%) ISO 9000
13 1 (0.006%) PA-DSS
System Software
1 136 (0.76%) Docker
2 95 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 36 (0.20%) Varnish
4 25 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
5 10 (0.056%) Hyper-V
6 8 (0.045%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.034%) VMware Infrastructure
8 4 (0.022%) HDFS
9 2 (0.011%) VirtualBox
9 2 (0.011%) XenServer
10 1 (0.006%) KVM
10 1 (0.006%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (0.006%) vSphere
10 1 (0.006%) Xen
Systems Management
1 94 (0.53%) Puppet
2 73 (0.41%) Opscode Chef
3 56 (0.31%) Kibana
4 41 (0.23%) Kubernetes
5 25 (0.14%) Ansible
6 20 (0.11%) Grafana
6 20 (0.11%) Graphite
7 18 (0.10%) logstash
8 15 (0.084%) Business Desktop Deployment
8 15 (0.084%) Terraform
8 15 (0.084%) WSUS
9 14 (0.079%) Packer
9 14 (0.079%) Uchiwa
10 12 (0.067%) HP Quality Center
11 9 (0.051%) Failover Clustering
12 8 (0.045%) Capistrano
13 7 (0.039%) HP Fortify
14 6 (0.034%) Control-M
14 6 (0.034%) Salt
14 6 (0.034%) StatsD
Vendors
1 4000 (22.47%) Microsoft
2 884 (4.97%) Oracle
3 570 (3.20%) Zend
4 524 (2.94%) Google
5 388 (2.18%) Sitecore
6 273 (1.53%) Facebook
7 246 (1.38%) Xamarin
8 216 (1.21%) EPiServer
9 175 (0.98%) Apple
10 139 (0.78%) Adobe
11 98 (0.55%) SAP
12 94 (0.53%) Twitter
13 82 (0.46%) Telerik
14 77 (0.43%) Salesforce.com
15 73 (0.41%) MuleSoft
16 70 (0.39%) Yahoo!
17 63 (0.35%) Sony
18 58 (0.33%) PayPal
19 53 (0.30%) IBM
20 52 (0.29%) hybris
Brighton, East Sussex
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum Benefits package (Including Bonus)
Posted: 16 hours ago
Corby, Northamptonshire
Senitor Associates
Salary: £30000 - £35000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 16 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Greywood Associates Limited
Salary: £20000 - £25000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 17 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
Employ Solutions
Salary: From £35,000 to £50,000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 22 hours ago
City, London
Rullion IT Plus
Salary: £45000 - £50000 per annum + Pension + 25 days holiday
Posted: 17 hours ago
Northampton, Northamptonshire
Senitor Associates
Salary: £30000 - £37000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 16 hours ago
Chester, Cheshire
Senitor Associates
Salary: £25000 - £45000 per annum + benefits and training
Posted: 20 hours ago
Chester, Cheshire
Searchability
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum
Posted: 15 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Computer People
Salary: £40000.00 - £45000.00 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Senitor Associates
Salary: £40000 - £65000 per annum + Excellent Bonuses & Benefits
Posted: 16 hours ago
Poole, Dorset
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 16 hours ago
Eastleigh, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 16 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
CoreCom Consulting
Salary: £28000 - £32000 per annum + benefits & pension
Posted: 18 hours ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Computer People
Salary: £40000.00 - £45000.00 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
Leicestershire
Greywood Associates Limited
Salary: £25000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 17 hours ago
South West London
Sanderson
Salary: £60000 - £64000 per annum
Posted: 15 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: to 70k plus benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Bristol, Avon
ISL
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 18 hours ago
Bournemouth, Dorset
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £45,000 + Benefits
Posted: 18 hours ago
Petersfield, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum + training & benefits
Posted: 16 hours ago
City, London
Evolution Recruitment Solutions
Salary: 35K + Benefits
Posted: 17 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Greywood Associates Limited
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: Up to £65K + Benefits
Posted: 17 hours ago
Wakefield, West Yorkshire
Senitor Associates
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + Pension, Healthcare, 25 days holiday
Posted: 17 hours ago
Warwick, Warwickshire
Senitor Associates
Salary: £40000 - £45000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 23 hours ago
Bath, Avon
ISL
Salary: £35000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Opilio Recruitment
Salary: £45k - 55k per year
Posted: 21 hours ago
City, London
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £45000 - £60000 per annum
Posted: 17 hours ago
Petersfield, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £35000 - £45000 per annum + benefits & training
Posted: 16 hours ago
Andover, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + benefits & training
Posted: 22 hours ago