The table below looks at the statistics for Scrum skills in IT jobs advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the salaries offered in IT jobs that have cited Scrum over the 3 months to 30 September 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

3 months to
30 Sep 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Scrum
Rank 18 23 26
Rank change year-on-year
+5 +3
Permanent jobs citing Scrum 8503 8684 8362
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 8.92% 7.96% 7.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 10.11% 9.10% 8.57%
Number of salaries quoted 7424 7586 7074
Median salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
90% offered a salary of more than £35,000 £35,000 £35,000
10% offered a salary of more than £75,000 £72,500 £67,500
UK excluding London median salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year
- +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Processes & Methodologies category in permanent jobs advertised across the UK.

Processes & Methodologies Category
UK
Permanent IT job ads with a match in the
Processes & Methodologies category
84067 95471 97586
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 88.24% 87.53% 85.32%
Number of salaries quoted 69978 78940 78095
Median salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year
- +5.26%
90% offered a salary of more than £32,500 £32,500 £30,500
10% offered a salary of more than £77,500 £72,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year
- +5.88%

Scrum
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of job ads citing Scrum as a proportion of all IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Scrum Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

Scrum
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Scrum within the UK.

Scrum Salary Trend in the UK

Scrum
Salary Histogram

This chart provides a salary histogram for IT jobs citing Scrum over the 3 months to 30 September 2016 within the UK.

Scrum Salary Histogram in the UK

Scrum
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Scrum within the UK over the 3 months to 30 September 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 7966 £52,500 +5.00% 1039
London +3 3636 £60,000 +4.34% 428
South East +11 1469 £47,500 - 158
North West +5 607 £42,500 +6.25% 103
East of England +10 573 £49,500 +6.45% 88
City of London +7 523 £60,000 - 93
South West -2 523 £45,000 +9.75% 81
Manchester +7 479 £45,000 +5.88% 79
Yorkshire +3 470 £45,000 +5.88% 71
West Midlands +7 376 £45,000 - 62
West Yorkshire +2 345 £45,000 - 45
Surrey +20 338 £50,000 - 24
Berkshire +5 325 £50,000 -4.76% 29
East Midlands +6 316 £40,000 - 32
Hampshire +18 281 £42,500 +4.93% 45
Leeds +4 253 £45,000 - 38
Scotland +2 236 £46,000 +2.22% 36
Bristol +6 212 £47,000 +10.58% 23
Wales +4 178 £37,500 +7.14% 25
Cambridgeshire -1 177 £47,500 +5.55% 37
Hertfordshire +9 162 £57,500 +27.77% 28
Gloucestershire +2 153 £50,000 +11.11% 19
Buckinghamshire +6 152 £45,000 - 9
Nottinghamshire +16 147 £47,500 +26.66% 15
Reading +4 139 £50,000 -9.09% 17
South Wales +3 137 £37,500 +7.14% 16
Coventry +25 131 £45,000 - 10
Cambridge 0 128 £47,500 +6.14% 28
West Sussex +7 126 £51,500 +8.42% 9
Nottingham +28 124 £45,000 +20.00% 13

Scrum
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 September 2016, IT jobs citing Scrum also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Scrum.

1 16133 (93.59%) Agile Software Development
2 5706 (33.10%) TDD
3 5490 (31.85%) .NET
4 5441 (31.56%) C#
5 5257 (30.50%) JavaScript
6 4800 (27.85%) Java
7 4686 (27.18%) HTML
8 3990 (23.15%) MVC
9 3840 (22.28%) SQL
10 3833 (22.24%) CSS
11 3622 (21.01%) SQL Server
12 3564 (20.68%) Finance
13 3484 (20.21%) Kanban
14 3342 (19.39%) ASP.NET
15 3180 (18.45%) BDD
16 3167 (18.37%) Continuous Integration
17 2751 (15.96%) AngularJS
18 2460 (14.27%) jQuery
19 2395 (13.89%) OO
20 2391 (13.87%) Git (software)
21 2354 (13.66%) Software Engineering
22 2282 (13.24%) ASP.NET MVC
23 2225 (12.91%) HTML5
24 2218 (12.87%) Microsoft
25 2212 (12.83%) Degree
26 2160 (12.53%) Web Services
27 1940 (11.25%) SDLC
28 1825 (10.59%) QA
29 1820 (10.56%) E-Commerce
30 1731 (10.04%) Linux

Scrum
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 536 (3.11%) CMS
2 456 (2.65%) Elasticsearch
3 451 (2.62%) Tomcat
4 447 (2.59%) Confluence
5 425 (2.47%) Apache
6 410 (2.38%) JBoss
7 398 (2.31%) SharePoint
8 305 (1.77%) IIS
9 270 (1.57%) Apache Spark
10 254 (1.47%) WebSphere
11 235 (1.36%) WebLogic
12 186 (1.08%) BizTalk Server
13 185 (1.07%) OpenStack
14 170 (0.99%) Apache Solr
15 154 (0.89%) Umbraco
16 137 (0.79%) SharePoint 2013
17 107 (0.62%) nginx
18 102 (0.59%) Jetty
18 102 (0.59%) Mule
19 95 (0.55%) CloudStack
Applications
1 960 (5.57%) MS Excel
2 182 (1.06%) MS Office
3 148 (0.86%) MS Project
4 128 (0.74%) Photoshop
5 105 (0.61%) MS Visio
6 84 (0.49%) MS PowerPoint
7 58 (0.34%) Adobe Illustrator
8 31 (0.18%) InVision
9 20 (0.12%) InDesign
9 20 (0.12%) InfoPath
10 18 (0.10%) FrameMaker
11 16 (0.093%) RoboHelp
12 14 (0.081%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 11 (0.064%) HipChat
13 11 (0.064%) OmniGraffle
14 8 (0.046%) Fireworks
14 8 (0.046%) Gliffy
15 4 (0.023%) Gephi
16 3 (0.017%) Spreadsheet
17 2 (0.012%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 211 (1.22%) Dynamics CRM
2 120 (0.70%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 85 (0.49%) Magento
4 41 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
5 36 (0.21%) Markit EDM
6 31 (0.18%) Shopify
7 27 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
8 26 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
8 26 (0.15%) SAP CRM
9 21 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
10 17 (0.099%) Adobe Campaign
11 13 (0.075%) SAP ERP
12 11 (0.064%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 11 (0.064%) Sonata
13 10 (0.058%) Infor CRM
13 10 (0.058%) Oracle CRM
14 9 (0.052%) Oracle EBS
14 9 (0.052%) ReMetrica
14 9 (0.052%) Unit4 Business World
14 9 (0.052%) VisionPLUS
Cloud Services
1 1020 (5.92%) Amazon AWS
2 737 (4.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 552 (3.20%) SaaS
4 319 (1.85%) GitHub
5 117 (0.68%) PaaS
6 102 (0.59%) Cloud Computing
7 101 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
8 98 (0.57%) IaaS
9 89 (0.52%) Office 365
10 67 (0.39%) Google Analytics
11 58 (0.34%) Google Cloud Platform
12 46 (0.27%) Amazon S3
13 37 (0.21%) Force.com
14 30 (0.17%) Google Apps
14 30 (0.17%) Slack
15 25 (0.15%) Adobe Analytics
16 24 (0.14%) Basecamp
17 20 (0.12%) Amazon SQS
18 18 (0.10%) Heroku
18 18 (0.10%) TestFlight
Communications & Networking
1 512 (2.97%) Internet
2 252 (1.46%) HTTP
3 180 (1.04%) Firewall
4 144 (0.84%) DNS
5 132 (0.77%) TCP/IP
6 80 (0.46%) Broadband
7 67 (0.39%) LDAP
8 59 (0.34%) SMTP
9 57 (0.33%) SSL
10 51 (0.30%) SAN
11 42 (0.24%) Wireless
12 41 (0.24%) Skype
13 38 (0.22%) Intranet
14 33 (0.19%) SSH
15 29 (0.17%) Network Security
16 26 (0.15%) HTTPS
17 24 (0.14%) FTP
18 18 (0.10%) NAS
19 15 (0.087%) LAN
19 15 (0.087%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3622 (21.01%) SQL Server
2 1347 (7.81%) MySQL
3 1197 (6.94%) NoSQL
4 1076 (6.24%) MongoDB
5 814 (4.72%) SQL Server 2014
6 789 (4.58%) Big Data
7 771 (4.47%) Relational Database
8 523 (3.03%) Hadoop
9 474 (2.75%) PostgreSQL
10 459 (2.66%) Data Warehouse
11 432 (2.51%) Apache Cassandra
12 402 (2.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 368 (2.13%) SQL Server 2008
14 363 (2.11%) SQL Server 2012
15 323 (1.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 282 (1.64%) RDBMS
17 235 (1.36%) Redis
18 190 (1.10%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 150 (0.87%) Neo4j
20 145 (0.84%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 2391 (13.87%) Git (software)
2 1559 (9.04%) JIRA
3 1418 (8.23%) Selenium
4 1396 (8.10%) Jenkins
5 1163 (6.75%) Team Foundation Server
6 1134 (6.58%) NUnit
7 1004 (5.82%) Subversion
8 887 (5.15%) Cucumber
9 844 (4.90%) Visual Studio
10 787 (4.57%) Rhino Mocks
11 781 (4.53%) JUnit
12 758 (4.40%) Maven
13 685 (3.97%) Moq
14 517 (3.00%) MSTest
15 486 (2.82%) TeamCity
16 412 (2.39%) WebDriver
17 325 (1.89%) Gradle
18 320 (1.86%) SpecFlow
19 312 (1.81%) Mockito
20 286 (1.66%) Eclipse
General
1 3564 (20.68%) Finance
2 1149 (6.67%) Retail
3 893 (5.18%) Banking
4 777 (4.51%) Marketing
5 621 (3.60%) Games
6 600 (3.48%) Telecoms
7 400 (2.32%) Advertising
8 278 (1.61%) Publishing
9 217 (1.26%) Law
10 214 (1.24%) Manufacturing
11 178 (1.03%) Legal
12 168 (0.97%) Investment Banking
13 155 (0.90%) Back Office
14 154 (0.89%) Electronics
15 72 (0.42%) Front Office
16 58 (0.34%) Automotive
17 47 (0.27%) Financial Institution
18 45 (0.26%) Billing
19 43 (0.25%) Music Industry
19 43 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 8330 (48.32%) Developer
2 2906 (16.86%) .NET Developer
3 2403 (13.94%) C# Developer
4 1952 (11.32%) Senior Developer
5 1837 (10.66%) C# .NET Developer
6 1817 (10.54%) Java Developer
7 1701 (9.87%) Analyst
8 1292 (7.50%) Project Manager
9 942 (5.46%) Business Analyst
10 939 (5.45%) ASP.NET Developer
11 880 (5.11%) C# ASP.NET Developer
12 877 (5.09%) JavaScript Developer
13 860 (4.99%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
14 831 (4.82%) Software Engineer
15 817 (4.74%) Agile Developer
16 816 (4.73%) Software Developer
17 770 (4.47%) Architect
18 703 (4.08%) Scrum Master
19 677 (3.93%) Lead Developer
20 622 (3.61%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5490 (31.85%) .NET
2 4686 (27.18%) HTML
3 3833 (22.24%) CSS
4 3342 (19.39%) ASP.NET
5 2751 (15.96%) AngularJS
6 2460 (14.27%) jQuery
7 2282 (13.24%) ASP.NET MVC
8 2225 (12.91%) HTML5
9 2160 (12.53%) Web Services
10 1567 (9.09%) Spring
11 1556 (9.03%) XML
12 1446 (8.39%) REST
13 1399 (8.12%) WCF
14 1372 (7.96%) CSS3
15 1360 (7.89%) RESTful
16 1229 (7.13%) Node.js
17 1215 (7.05%) .NET Framework
18 970 (5.63%) ASP.NET Web API
19 946 (5.49%) ASP.NET MVC 5
20 945 (5.48%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 1345 (7.80%) User Experience
2 1206 (7.00%) Computer Science
3 1078 (6.25%) Analytical Skills
4 942 (5.46%) Mobile App
5 589 (3.42%) Enterprise Software
6 506 (2.94%) Inversion of Control
7 365 (2.12%) Fintech
8 300 (1.74%) iPad
9 233 (1.35%) Mathematics
10 227 (1.32%) Client/Server
11 224 (1.30%) Visualisation
12 203 (1.18%) Management Information System
13 155 (0.90%) Virtual Team
14 150 (0.87%) PMI
15 142 (0.82%) Algorithms
16 132 (0.77%) Data Structures
17 126 (0.73%) Social Media
18 123 (0.71%) Social Network
19 121 (0.70%) Artificial Intelligence
20 114 (0.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 1731 (10.04%) Linux
2 1474 (8.55%) Windows
3 721 (4.18%) Apple iOS
4 628 (3.64%) Unix
5 626 (3.63%) Android
6 126 (0.73%) Windows Server
7 124 (0.72%) CentOS
8 112 (0.65%) Ubuntu
9 108 (0.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 54 (0.31%) Windows 8
11 45 (0.26%) Mac OS X
12 36 (0.21%) Windows 10
13 35 (0.20%) Windows Phone
14 34 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
15 33 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
16 32 (0.19%) Debian
17 30 (0.17%) Windows 7
18 24 (0.14%) Embedded Linux
19 23 (0.13%) Windows Server 2003
20 18 (0.10%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 16133 (93.59%) Agile Software Development
2 5706 (33.10%) TDD
3 3990 (23.15%) MVC
4 3484 (20.21%) Kanban
5 3180 (18.45%) BDD
6 3167 (18.37%) Continuous Integration
7 2395 (13.89%) OO
8 2354 (13.66%) Software Engineering
9 1940 (11.25%) SDLC
10 1820 (10.56%) E-Commerce
11 1650 (9.57%) Project Management
12 1585 (9.19%) Mentoring
13 1581 (9.17%) Web Development
14 1516 (8.79%) DevOps
15 1299 (7.54%) Unit Testing
16 1110 (6.44%) Stakeholder Management
17 1088 (6.31%) Open Source
18 970 (5.63%) Waterfall
19 966 (5.60%) Automated Testing
20 962 (5.58%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 5441 (31.56%) C#
2 5257 (30.50%) JavaScript
3 4800 (27.85%) Java
4 3840 (22.28%) SQL
5 1378 (7.99%) Python
6 1078 (6.25%) PHP
7 1076 (6.24%) Ruby
8 945 (5.48%) C++
9 902 (5.23%) T-SQL
10 859 (4.98%) Scala
11 468 (2.71%) VB.NET
12 435 (2.52%) C
13 411 (2.38%) Perl
14 349 (2.02%) PL/SQL
15 339 (1.97%) Groovy
16 319 (1.85%) Bash Shell
17 289 (1.68%) VB
18 249 (1.44%) Objective-C
19 233 (1.35%) Shell Script
20 211 (1.22%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 2212 (12.83%) Degree
2 554 (3.21%) ISEB
3 487 (2.83%) Security Cleared
4 430 (2.49%) ISTQB
5 256 (1.49%) PMI Certification
6 247 (1.43%) SC Cleared
7 244 (1.42%) Microsoft Certification
8 225 (1.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 211 (1.22%) PMP
10 146 (0.85%) DV Cleared
11 89 (0.52%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 76 (0.44%) MCSD
13 50 (0.29%) MCAD
13 50 (0.29%) MCTS
14 42 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
15 39 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
16 38 (0.22%) MCP
17 36 (0.21%) PhD
18 24 (0.14%) MBA
19 22 (0.13%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1825 (10.59%) QA
2 107 (0.62%) SDET
3 59 (0.34%) PCI DSS
4 55 (0.32%) ISO 9001
5 51 (0.30%) Data Quality
6 42 (0.24%) DICOM
7 34 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 31 (0.18%) SLA
9 28 (0.16%) GCP
10 27 (0.16%) ISO13485
11 19 (0.11%) ISO 14001
12 9 (0.052%) HL7
12 9 (0.052%) SEPA
13 8 (0.046%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 6 (0.035%) COBIT
14 6 (0.035%) Solvency II
14 6 (0.035%) WCAG
15 5 (0.029%) ISO 9000
16 4 (0.023%) GxP
16 4 (0.023%) ISO20022
System Software
1 526 (3.05%) Docker
2 185 (1.07%) VMware Infrastructure
3 95 (0.55%) XenServer
4 93 (0.54%) vSphere
5 81 (0.47%) Xen
6 56 (0.32%) Hyper-V
7 53 (0.31%) Active Directory
8 50 (0.29%) Firmware
9 49 (0.28%) HDFS
10 45 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
11 35 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
12 31 (0.18%) VMware ESX
13 28 (0.16%) Apache Flume
14 26 (0.15%) Varnish
15 24 (0.14%) NFS
16 22 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
17 14 (0.081%) Dovecot
18 12 (0.070%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 12 (0.070%) KVM
18 12 (0.070%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 583 (3.38%) Puppet
2 425 (2.47%) Opscode Chef
3 317 (1.84%) Ansible
4 101 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
5 87 (0.50%) Tivoli
6 79 (0.46%) Cobbler
7 77 (0.45%) Salt
8 72 (0.42%) Kubernetes
9 60 (0.35%) Terraform
10 47 (0.27%) Nagios
11 31 (0.18%) yum
12 28 (0.16%) logstash
13 27 (0.16%) HAProxy
14 26 (0.15%) Capistrano
14 26 (0.15%) Kibana
14 26 (0.15%) Oozie
15 25 (0.15%) Packer
16 24 (0.14%) Graphite
17 23 (0.13%) Rundeck
18 22 (0.13%) Mesos
Vendors
1 2218 (12.87%) Microsoft
2 1355 (7.86%) Oracle
3 301 (1.75%) Google
4 244 (1.42%) SAP
5 241 (1.40%) VMware
6 205 (1.19%) Facebook
7 187 (1.08%) Adobe
8 180 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
9 159 (0.92%) IBM
10 152 (0.88%) HP
11 150 (0.87%) Atlassian
12 145 (0.84%) hybris
13 140 (0.81%) Zend
14 130 (0.75%) Red Hat
15 129 (0.75%) Apple
16 121 (0.70%) Sitecore
17 115 (0.67%) Twitter
18 109 (0.63%) Tableau
19 88 (0.51%) Xamarin
20 79 (0.46%) EnterpriseDB
City, London
Omni RMS
Posted: 19 minutes ago
City, London
Oho Group Ltd.
Salary: £55000 - £65000 per annum
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Premier IT
Salary: £45000 - £55000 per annum + Company Pension Scheme
Posted: 7 hours ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: up to £80,000
Posted: 1 hour ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Cyber Team
Salary: From £55,000 to £65,000 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Cyber Team
Salary: From £55,000 to £65,000 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: Up to £65K + Benefits
Posted: 14 minutes ago
South East London
Intelletec
Salary: From £80,000 to £85,000 per annum
Posted: 7 hours ago
Southampton, Hampshire
Employ Solutions
Salary: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 5 hours ago
West London
Freshtechit
Salary: From £50,000 to £80,000 per annum
Posted: 2 hours ago
Bath, Avon
ISL
Salary: £38000.00 - £42000.00 per annum
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: Up to £70K + Benefits
Posted: 16 minutes ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £40,000 + Bonus + Excellent Benefits
Posted: 29 minutes ago
Buckinghamshire
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Salary: £35000 - £50000 per annum
Posted: 29 minutes ago
London
Burns Sheehan
Salary: £60000 - £75000 per annum + Very Strong Benefits
Posted: 1 hour ago
Bath, Avon
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
City, London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £45,000 per annum
Posted: 17 minutes ago
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Salary: £30000 - £50000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Cloudscope
Salary: From £42,000 to £48,000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Watford, Hertfordshire
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £40000 - £75000 per annum + benefits and bonuses
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
OpenBet Technology
Salary: Competitive Salary and Company Benefits (inc. Relocation Assistance)
Posted: 4 hours ago
Richmond, Surrey
Informatiq Consulting
Salary: £45000 - £60000 per annum + Benefits Package!
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Arrows Group
Salary: £60000.00 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
OpenBet Technology
Salary: Competitive Salary and Company Benefits (inc. Relocation Assistance)
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Eutopia Solutions Ltd
Salary: £35000 - £40000 per annum + corporate benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: £30000 - £40000 per annum + £30,000 - £40,000
Posted: 27 minutes ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Opilio Recruitment
Salary: From £30,000 to £40,000 per annum
Posted: 39 minutes ago
Crawley, West Sussex
Rullion IT Plus
Salary: £20000 - £35000 per annum + pension, life assurance, bonus +
Posted: 1 hour ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Accenture
Salary: Salary dependent on role
Posted: 1 hour ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Salary: Up to £75,000 Brilliant Bens + Bonus
Posted: 1 hour ago