The table below looks at the statistics for Cloud Computing skills in IT jobs advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the salaries offered in IT jobs that have cited Cloud Computing over the 3 months to 6 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

3 months to
6 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cloud Computing
Rank 382 433 487
Rank change year-on-year
+51 +54
Permanent jobs citing Cloud Computing 791 699 633
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 0.77% 0.63% 0.53%
As % of the Cloud Services category 6.81% 7.50% 8.49%
Number of salaries quoted 603 532 476
Median salary £55,000 £50,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year
+10.00% -4.76%
90% offered a salary of more than £37,750 £33,000 £34,600
10% offered a salary of more than £80,000 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median salary £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year
+10.52% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Cloud Services category in permanent jobs advertised across the UK.

Cloud Services Category
UK
Permanent IT job ads with a match in the
Cloud Services category
11608 9323 7453
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 11.32% 8.44% 6.21%
Number of salaries quoted 9783 7455 6147
Median salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year
+5.00% +4.16%
90% offered a salary of more than £32,500 £30,000 £30,000
10% offered a salary of more than £77,800 £70,000 £72,500
UK excluding London median salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year
- +5.88%

Cloud Computing
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of job ads citing Cloud Computing as a proportion of all IT jobs with a match in the Cloud Services category.

Cloud Computing Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

Cloud Computing
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK.

Cloud Computing Salary Trend in the UK

Cloud Computing
Salary Histogram

This chart provides a salary histogram for IT jobs citing Cloud Computing over the 3 months to 6 May 2016 within the UK.

Cloud Computing Salary Histogram in the UK

Cloud Computing
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cloud Computing within the UK over the 3 months to 6 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +60 743 £56,600 +2.90% 85
London +74 368 £60,000 -4.00% 44
South East +48 151 £57,000 +3.63% 16
East of England +47 75 £50,000 +11.11% 9
West Midlands +22 45 £51,250 -18.00% 5
Cambridgeshire +18 45 £45,000 +12.50% 6
West Sussex +35 44 £57,500 +27.77%
North West +49 43 £48,000 +9.71% 2
City of London +52 36 £70,000 +7.69% 7
Manchester +25 35 £57,500 -11.53% 1
Surrey +4 35 £55,000 - 3
Crawley +30 34 £57,500 +27.77%
Berkshire -20 34 £62,500 -27.53% 5
Cambridge +13 32 £50,000 -13.04% 5
South West 0 28 £47,500 +11.76% 2
Oxfordshire +5 18 £45,000 -10.00% 5
Birmingham +3 18 £55,000 -12.00% 2
Oxford +11 17 £45,000 -10.00% 3
Hertfordshire +14 15 £52,500 +16.66% 1
Hampshire +6 15 £43,250 -27.91%
Bedfordshire +11 13 £50,000 +3.09% 1
Scotland +5 13 £50,000 -20.00% 3
Huntingdon - 12 £44,000 -
Yorkshire -38 11 £27,500 -45.00% 6
Gloucestershire +3 10 £45,000 +28.57%
Bristol +3 10 £58,750 -12.96% 1
Reading -22 10 £64,000 -28.88%
Slough - 10 £85,000 -
Esher - 10 £45,000 -
East Midlands +14 9 £45,000 +2.85% 2

Cloud Computing
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 6 May 2016, IT jobs citing Cloud Computing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for Cloud Computing.

1 418 (28.59%) Amazon AWS
2 398 (27.22%) Agile Software Development
3 366 (25.03%) Linux
3 366 (25.03%) Microsoft
4 356 (24.35%) Degree
5 339 (23.19%) Java
6 284 (19.43%) Web Services
7 260 (17.78%) Microsoft Azure
8 241 (16.48%) Windows
9 234 (16.01%) Python
10 229 (15.66%) Computer Science
11 227 (15.53%) VMware
12 204 (13.95%) Finance
13 201 (13.75%) SaaS
14 195 (13.34%) Data Centre
15 194 (13.27%) ITIL
16 191 (13.06%) .NET
17 190 (13.00%) SQL
17 190 (13.00%) VMware Infrastructure
18 185 (12.65%) DevOps
19 183 (12.52%) Project Management
20 171 (11.70%) Big Data
21 170 (11.63%) SQL Server
22 160 (10.94%) NoSQL
23 157 (10.74%) Software Engineering
24 155 (10.60%) MS Excel
25 152 (10.40%) Active Directory
26 147 (10.05%) JavaScript
27 146 (9.99%) Firewall
28 143 (9.78%) Oracle

Cloud Computing
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 80 (5.47%) SharePoint
2 68 (4.65%) OpenStack
3 65 (4.45%) Node.js
4 54 (3.69%) Apache
5 44 (3.01%) Elasticsearch
6 43 (2.94%) Apache Spark
7 39 (2.67%) Skype for Business
8 35 (2.39%) CMS
8 35 (2.39%) MS Exchange
9 28 (1.92%) IIS
10 26 (1.78%) Cloud Foundry
10 26 (1.78%) Tomcat
11 22 (1.50%) WebLogic
12 20 (1.37%) Exchange Server 2010
12 20 (1.37%) Exchange Server 2013
13 17 (1.16%) Exchange Server 2007
13 17 (1.16%) nginx
14 9 (0.62%) CoreMedia CMS
15 8 (0.55%) Liferay
15 8 (0.55%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 155 (10.60%) MS Excel
2 82 (5.61%) MS Office
3 17 (1.16%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.96%) MS Project
5 8 (0.55%) MS PowerPoint
6 4 (0.27%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.27%) OmniGraffle
7 2 (0.14%) SPSS
8 1 (0.068%) CPLEX
8 1 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 50 (3.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (1.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 15 (1.03%) Adobe Campaign
4 10 (0.68%) Eloqua
5 8 (0.55%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 6 (0.41%) FastStats PeopleStage
6 6 (0.41%) Oracle ERP
6 6 (0.41%) Unica
7 5 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.34%) Summit
8 3 (0.21%) Radian6
8 3 (0.21%) SAP CRM
9 2 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
9 2 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
10 1 (0.068%) Oracle BPM
10 1 (0.068%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 418 (28.59%) Amazon AWS
2 260 (17.78%) Microsoft Azure
3 201 (13.75%) SaaS
4 107 (7.32%) Office 365
5 85 (5.81%) IaaS
6 72 (4.92%) PaaS
7 62 (4.24%) Amazon EC2
8 44 (3.01%) Amazon S3
9 38 (2.60%) Google Cloud Platform
10 27 (1.85%) Force.com
11 22 (1.50%) Heroku
12 20 (1.37%) GitHub
13 19 (1.30%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 13 (0.89%) Amazon SQS
15 9 (0.62%) Responsys
16 8 (0.55%) Google Apps
17 7 (0.48%) OpenShift
18 6 (0.41%) OneDrive
18 6 (0.41%) Yammer
19 5 (0.34%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 146 (9.99%) Firewall
2 99 (6.77%) Internet
3 78 (5.34%) DNS
4 75 (5.13%) WAN
5 67 (4.58%) LAN
6 62 (4.24%) VoIP
7 57 (3.90%) VPN
8 51 (3.49%) Unified Communications
9 49 (3.35%) TCP/IP
10 48 (3.28%) SAN
11 41 (2.80%) LDAP
12 37 (2.53%) HTTP
12 37 (2.53%) Network Security
13 32 (2.19%) VLAN
14 24 (1.64%) Wi-Fi
14 24 (1.64%) Wireless
15 23 (1.57%) SSL
16 22 (1.50%) DHCP
17 19 (1.30%) MPLS
18 15 (1.03%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 171 (11.70%) Big Data
2 170 (11.63%) SQL Server
3 160 (10.94%) NoSQL
4 134 (9.17%) MySQL
5 95 (6.50%) MongoDB
6 89 (6.09%) Hadoop
7 39 (2.67%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 37 (2.53%) PostgreSQL
9 33 (2.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 32 (2.19%) Apache Cassandra
11 29 (1.98%) Redis
12 28 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
13 25 (1.71%) SQL Server 2008
14 23 (1.57%) HBase
15 22 (1.50%) Relational Database
16 19 (1.30%) BusinessObjects
17 14 (0.96%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 13 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 12 (0.82%) GIS
20 11 (0.75%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 92 (6.29%) Git (software)
2 63 (4.31%) Jenkins
3 31 (2.12%) Selenium
4 30 (2.05%) Team Foundation Server
5 29 (1.98%) JIRA
6 27 (1.85%) Maven
7 24 (1.64%) Subversion
8 22 (1.50%) Vagrant
9 21 (1.44%) NUnit
9 21 (1.44%) Visual Studio
10 20 (1.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 16 (1.09%) JUnit
12 15 (1.03%) Cucumber
13 14 (0.96%) Hudson
14 10 (0.68%) Eclipse
14 10 (0.68%) MSTest
15 9 (0.62%) TeamCity
16 8 (0.55%) NetBeans
16 8 (0.55%) Talend Open Studio
17 6 (0.41%) LoadRunner
General
1 204 (13.95%) Finance
2 128 (8.76%) Marketing
3 108 (7.39%) Telecoms
4 65 (4.45%) Advertising
5 58 (3.97%) Retail
6 50 (3.42%) Electronics
7 39 (2.67%) Games
8 29 (1.98%) Banking
9 25 (1.71%) Multimedia
10 22 (1.50%) Financial Institution
10 22 (1.50%) German Language
11 20 (1.37%) Manufacturing
12 18 (1.23%) Legal
13 17 (1.16%) Publishing
14 15 (1.03%) Back Office
14 15 (1.03%) French Language
15 14 (0.96%) Front Office
16 13 (0.89%) Investment Banking
16 13 (0.89%) Local Government
17 10 (0.68%) Law
Job Titles
1 342 (23.39%) Developer
2 192 (13.13%) Architect
3 119 (8.14%) Consultant
3 119 (8.14%) Java Developer
4 90 (6.16%) Solutions Architect
5 89 (6.09%) Senior Developer
6 74 (5.06%) Analyst
6 74 (5.06%) DevOps Engineer
7 63 (4.31%) Software Engineer
8 62 (4.24%) Cloud Architect
8 62 (4.24%) Development Manager
9 54 (3.69%) C# Developer
10 52 (3.56%) .NET Developer
11 46 (3.15%) Cloud Engineer
12 41 (2.80%) Business Manager
13 40 (2.74%) IT Manager
14 39 (2.67%) AWS Engineer
15 38 (2.60%) Administrator
16 34 (2.33%) Cloud Developer
17 32 (2.19%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 284 (19.43%) Web Services
2 191 (13.06%) .NET
3 132 (9.03%) HTML
4 125 (8.55%) CSS
5 108 (7.39%) JSON
6 91 (6.22%) REST
7 83 (5.68%) jQuery
8 68 (4.65%) ASP.NET
9 60 (4.10%) Spring
9 60 (4.10%) XML
10 58 (3.97%) SOAP
11 55 (3.76%) AngularJS
12 51 (3.49%) RESTful
13 48 (3.28%) Middleware
14 44 (3.01%) Java EE
15 39 (2.67%) Hibernate
16 33 (2.26%) Ajax
16 33 (2.26%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 30 (2.05%) .NET Framework
17 30 (2.05%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 229 (15.66%) Computer Science
2 195 (13.34%) Data Centre
3 94 (6.43%) Analytical Skills
4 71 (4.86%) Algorithms
5 59 (4.04%) Data Structures
6 58 (3.97%) Management Information System
7 54 (3.69%) Enterprise Software
8 46 (3.15%) Mathematics
9 43 (2.94%) User Experience
10 39 (2.67%) Public Cloud
11 33 (2.26%) Clustering
12 29 (1.98%) Physics
13 26 (1.78%) Video on Demand
14 22 (1.50%) Fintech
15 17 (1.16%) Internet of Things
15 17 (1.16%) Visualisation
16 15 (1.03%) Client/Server
16 15 (1.03%) Derivative
16 15 (1.03%) Statistics
17 14 (0.96%) VCE vBlock
Operating Systems
1 366 (25.03%) Linux
2 241 (16.48%) Windows
3 108 (7.39%) Unix
4 93 (6.36%) Windows Server
5 66 (4.51%) Windows Server 2008
6 58 (3.97%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 42 (2.87%) SUSE
8 41 (2.80%) Windows Server 2012
9 40 (2.74%) AIX
10 34 (2.33%) Android
11 33 (2.26%) Windows 10
11 33 (2.26%) Windows 7
12 32 (2.19%) CentOS
13 30 (2.05%) Oracle Linux
14 29 (1.98%) Windows Server 2003
15 21 (1.44%) Windows 8
16 19 (1.30%) Apple iOS
17 16 (1.09%) Solaris
18 11 (0.75%) Ubuntu
19 7 (0.48%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 398 (27.22%) Agile Software Development
2 194 (13.27%) ITIL
3 185 (12.65%) DevOps
4 183 (12.52%) Project Management
5 157 (10.74%) Software Engineering
6 127 (8.69%) OO
7 123 (8.41%) CRM
8 119 (8.14%) Open Source
9 107 (7.32%) Analytics
10 104 (7.11%) TDD
11 103 (7.05%) Presales
12 98 (6.70%) Continuous Integration
13 94 (6.43%) Business Intelligence
13 94 (6.43%) SOA
14 89 (6.09%) OOP
15 86 (5.88%) Business Development
16 83 (5.68%) Mentoring
17 80 (5.47%) E-Commerce
18 77 (5.27%) Continuous Delivery
19 76 (5.20%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 339 (23.19%) Java
2 234 (16.01%) Python
3 190 (13.00%) SQL
4 147 (10.05%) JavaScript
5 141 (9.64%) C#
6 126 (8.62%) Ruby
7 83 (5.68%) C++
8 67 (4.58%) Scala
9 65 (4.45%) C
10 64 (4.38%) Perl
11 57 (3.90%) PowerShell
12 55 (3.76%) Bash Shell
13 47 (3.21%) PHP
14 29 (1.98%) Clojure
14 29 (1.98%) Shell Script
15 27 (1.85%) T-SQL
16 26 (1.78%) Go
17 25 (1.71%) Apex Code
18 24 (1.64%) Assembly Language
19 20 (1.37%) Elixir
Qualifications
1 356 (24.35%) Degree
2 80 (5.47%) Microsoft Certification
3 55 (3.76%) ITIL Certification
4 51 (3.49%) Cisco Certification
5 45 (3.08%) Security Cleared
6 34 (2.33%) CCNA
6 34 (2.33%) CCNP
6 34 (2.33%) PhD
7 33 (2.26%) MCSE
8 27 (1.85%) CISSP
8 27 (1.85%) SC Cleared
9 23 (1.57%) CISM
10 21 (1.44%) MCSA
11 19 (1.30%) CISA
12 18 (1.23%) PMI Certification
13 16 (1.09%) EMC Certification
14 15 (1.03%) MCITP
15 14 (0.96%) MCTS
15 14 (0.96%) PMP
16 13 (0.89%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (2.80%) QA
2 37 (2.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 19 (1.30%) PCI DSS
4 13 (0.89%) SLA
5 12 (0.82%) ISO 9001
6 9 (0.62%) Data Quality
7 8 (0.55%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 6 (0.41%) BS7666
9 2 (0.14%) JSP 440
10 1 (0.068%) COBIT
10 1 (0.068%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.068%) RMADS
System Software
1 190 (13.00%) VMware Infrastructure
2 152 (10.40%) Active Directory
3 89 (6.09%) Hyper-V
4 81 (5.54%) Docker
5 46 (3.15%) XenApp
5 46 (3.15%) XenDesktop
6 43 (2.94%) vSphere
7 27 (1.85%) HDFS
7 27 (1.85%) VMware ESXi
8 18 (1.23%) KVM
9 16 (1.09%) VMware ESX
10 15 (1.03%) Xen
11 10 (0.68%) vCloud
12 9 (0.62%) XenServer
13 7 (0.48%) Ceph
13 7 (0.48%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 6 (0.41%) Firmware
14 6 (0.41%) NFS
14 6 (0.41%) Snort
15 5 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 122 (8.34%) Puppet
2 77 (5.27%) Opscode Chef
3 71 (4.86%) Ansible
4 61 (4.17%) SCCM
5 60 (4.10%) SCOM
6 33 (2.26%) Mesos
7 14 (0.96%) Packer
7 14 (0.96%) Terraform
8 11 (0.75%) NetBackup
9 8 (0.55%) CA Single Sign-On
9 8 (0.55%) Grafana
9 8 (0.55%) Graphite
9 8 (0.55%) Uchiwa
10 6 (0.41%) EMC NetWorker
10 6 (0.41%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
10 6 (0.41%) SCSM
10 6 (0.41%) Tivoli
10 6 (0.41%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 6 (0.41%) vRealize
10 6 (0.41%) Zenoss
Vendors
1 366 (25.03%) Microsoft
2 227 (15.53%) VMware
3 143 (9.78%) Oracle
4 95 (6.50%) Cisco
5 82 (5.61%) Citrix
6 61 (4.17%) Google
7 60 (4.10%) Red Hat
8 49 (3.35%) HP
9 45 (3.08%) SAP
10 44 (3.01%) Salesforce.com
11 40 (2.74%) EMC
12 29 (1.98%) Informatica
13 25 (1.71%) Juniper
14 24 (1.64%) Dell
14 24 (1.64%) IBM
15 20 (1.37%) CheckPoint
16 19 (1.30%) Toshiba
17 17 (1.16%) Twitter
18 16 (1.09%) Facebook
19 15 (1.03%) NetApp
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
IntaPeople
Salary: £18000 - £24000 per annum
Posted: 9 hours ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Salary: £25000.00 - £30000.00 per annum + OTE
Posted: 10 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Executive Recruitment Services (ERS)
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Salary: £40000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
North West London
Nanotek Limited
Salary: From £34,000 to £38,000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
North West London
Nanotek Limited
Salary: From £50,000 to £60,000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Salary: £25000.00 - £27000.00 per annum + OTE
Posted: Yesterday
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Candour Solutions
Salary: Excellent plus outstanding benefits including car
Posted: Yesterday
West London
The People Network
Salary: £60000 - £75000 per annum + Bonus, Pension, Health
Posted: Yesterday
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
ECM Selection
Salary: to c£60,000 DoE
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Senitor Associates
Salary: £35000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Warwickshire
Greywood Associates Limited
Salary: £60000 - £75000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
London
Senitor Associates
Salary: £45000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
London
Senitor Associates
Salary: £35000 - £55000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Didcot, Oxfordshire
Expert Employment Ltd
Salary: £33000 - £46000 Per Annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Salary: £20000 - £24000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Salary: £70000 - £75000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Quant Capital
Salary: From £50,000 to £80,000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Staffworx Ltd
Salary: excellent salary or rates
Posted: 2 days ago
Camberley, Surrey
Peopleworks
Salary: From £25,000 to £27,000 per annum £25,000 to £27,000 Negotiable + G'Te
Posted: 2 days ago
Camberley, Surrey
Peopleworks
Salary: From £35,000 to £37,000 per annum £35,000 to £37,000 Negotiable + G'Te
Posted: 2 days ago
Central London / West End
Candour Solutions
Salary: Outstanding + Benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Yoh
Salary: £40000 - £55000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Central London / West End
Tiro Partners
Salary: From £70,000 to £80,000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Staffworx Ltd
Salary: excellent salary, bonus, bens, training
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Nakama
Salary: From £35,000 to £40,000 per annum 25 days holiday + benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Edgar Cowen
Salary: £25000 - £30000 per annum + Awesome + Top Prospects
Posted: 3 days ago
London
MA Associates Worldwide
Salary: From £60,000 to £65,000 per annum Contract: £550
Posted: 3 days ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Computer People
Salary: £25000.00 - £30000.00 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Harvey Nash plc
Salary: Salary - Best on market with Excellent Benefits
Posted: 3 days ago
London
ClearCube Consulting
Salary: From £65,000 to £85,000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
Corby, Northamptonshire
Deanslist Limited
Salary: From £20,000 to £28,000 per annum £20-28k
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Salary: £40000 - £41000 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
East London
Jonothan Bosworth
Salary: £25000 - £35000 Per Annum + uncapped OTE
Posted: 4 days ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Cognizant
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Lawrence Harvey Enterprise
Salary: £30000.00 - £60000.00 per annum + Bonus
Posted: 6 days ago
City, London
Sogeti
Salary: Competitive (DOE) + 5% Flex Benefits + Pension
Posted: 8 days ago
Cardiff
Capgemini
Posted: 9 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Vodafone
Salary: £Attractive Base plus Bonus, 28 days hols, pension sheme, share scheme
Posted: 10 days ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
Vodafone
Salary: £Attractive Base plus Bonus, 28 days hols, pension sheme, share scheme
Posted: 10 days ago