The table below looks at the statistics for knowledge and experience of VMware products and/or services in IT jobs advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the salaries offered in IT jobs that have cited VMware over the 3 months to 17 January 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

The figures below represent the IT labour market in general and are not representative of salaries within VMware, Inc.

3 months to
17 Jan 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
VMware
UK
Rank 39 34 28
Rank change year-on-year
-5 -6
Permanent jobs citing VMware 4770 6121 7072
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 5.67% 6.22% 6.87%
As % of the Vendors category 12.91% 13.72% 14.33%
Number of salaries quoted 4033 5275 5945
Median salary £42,500 £42,500 £42,500
90% offered a salary of more than £26,000 £27,500 £27,500
10% offered a salary of more than £68,000 £65,000 £62,500
UK excluding London median salary £38,500 £40,000 £38,400
% change year-on-year
-3.75% +4.16%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Vendors category in permanent jobs advertised across the UK.

Vendors Category
UK
Permanent IT job ads with a match in the
Vendors category
36950 44610 49339
As % of all permanent IT jobs located in the UK 43.95% 45.34% 47.94%
Number of salaries quoted 29806 36524 40456
Median salary £46,924 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year
+4.27% -
90% offered a salary of more than £27,500 £28,000 £27,500
10% offered a salary of more than £74,000 £70,000 £70,000
UK excluding London median salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year
- +6.25%

VMware
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of job ads citing VMware as a proportion of all IT jobs with a match in the Vendors category.

VMware Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

VMware
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing VMware within the UK.

VMware Salary Trend in the UK

VMware
Salary Histogram

This chart provides a salary histogram for IT jobs citing VMware over the 3 months to 17 January 2017 within the UK.

VMware Salary Histogram in the UK

VMware
Top 30 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing VMware within the UK over the 3 months to 17 January 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Last 3 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 4461 £42,500 - 553
London -8 1628 £52,500 +5.00% 196
South East -4 1012 £40,750 -5.23% 123
North West -4 360 £38,500 +2.66% 58
West Midlands +8 357 £37,500 -0.66% 46
Yorkshire +3 334 £37,500 -6.25% 46
South West -16 302 £35,000 -6.66% 26
Berkshire -2 284 £50,000 - 38
City of London -9 280 £50,000 +5.26% 59
East of England -22 258 £40,000 - 22
West Yorkshire +3 256 £38,500 -3.75% 38
Hampshire +1 254 £40,000 -4.01% 24
Manchester +10 253 £40,000 +6.66% 38
Surrey -5 225 £40,000 - 21
Leeds +11 211 £37,750 -5.62% 16
Birmingham +3 201 £42,500 +6.25% 9
East Midlands +6 162 £39,000 +11.42% 26
Reading -1 140 £50,000 - 10
Cambridgeshire +4 120 £37,500 +10.29% 6
Scotland +12 110 £39,057 -9.17% 17
Hertfordshire -24 85 £41,750 -0.59% 12
Gloucestershire +1 83 £37,500 - 5
Basingstoke +10 81 £42,500 -5.55% 4
Oxfordshire +25 67 £37,500 -16.66% 11
Nottinghamshire +16 65 £42,500 +27.81% 3
Cambridge -5 65 £37,500 +7.14% 3
Wales -8 64 £33,000 -5.71% 5
Southampton -1 61 £36,000 -12.72% 4
Kent +2 60 £43,000 +22.85% 7
Bristol -22 59 £40,000 -5.88% 12

VMware
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 17 January 2017, IT jobs citing VMware also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads with a requirement for VMware.

1 6930 (65.57%) Windows
2 6570 (62.16%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5025 (47.54%) Active Directory
4 4809 (45.50%) Microsoft
5 4409 (41.72%) Windows Server
6 3480 (32.93%) Linux
7 3369 (31.88%) Cisco
8 2659 (25.16%) Citrix
9 2542 (24.05%) Firewall
10 2505 (23.70%) MS Exchange
11 2458 (23.26%) Hyper-V
12 2405 (22.76%) ITIL
13 2375 (22.47%) Windows Server 2012
14 2181 (20.64%) Windows Server 2008
15 2081 (19.69%) SAN
16 2078 (19.66%) MS Excel
17 1822 (17.24%) SQL Server
18 1792 (16.96%) DNS
19 1761 (16.66%) Data Centre
20 1749 (16.55%) SQL
21 1610 (15.23%) Microsoft Certification
22 1599 (15.13%) WAN
23 1548 (14.65%) LAN
24 1527 (14.45%) Office 365
25 1515 (14.33%) Finance
26 1477 (13.97%) HP
27 1424 (13.47%) Amazon AWS
28 1422 (13.45%) Microsoft Azure
29 1418 (13.42%) PowerShell
30 1317 (12.46%) DHCP

VMware
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2505 (23.70%) MS Exchange
2 1031 (9.75%) Exchange Server 2010
3 984 (9.31%) IIS
4 787 (7.45%) Exchange Server 2013
5 615 (5.82%) SharePoint
6 546 (5.17%) Apache
7 486 (4.60%) Skype for Business
8 350 (3.31%) Exchange Server 2007
9 294 (2.78%) Tomcat
10 232 (2.20%) OpenStack
11 174 (1.65%) Exchange Server 2003
12 146 (1.38%) nginx
13 135 (1.28%) Elasticsearch
14 130 (1.23%) JBoss
15 102 (0.97%) WebSphere
16 100 (0.95%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
17 65 (0.62%) Confluence
18 57 (0.54%) Apache Spark
19 55 (0.52%) Oracle Coherence
20 53 (0.50%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 2078 (19.66%) MS Excel
2 843 (7.98%) MS Office
3 87 (0.82%) MS Visio
4 67 (0.63%) MS PowerPoint
5 29 (0.27%) MS Project
6 20 (0.19%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 13 (0.12%) AutoCAD
7 13 (0.12%) SOLIDWORKS
8 4 (0.038%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.028%) CATIA
10 1 (0.009%) Acrobat
10 1 (0.009%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.009%) HipChat
10 1 (0.009%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.009%) Mathcad
10 1 (0.009%) Vectorworks
Business Applications
1 41 (0.39%) Dynamics CRM
2 36 (0.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 30 (0.28%) RMDS
4 29 (0.27%) Oracle Cash Management
5 27 (0.26%) Sentinel
6 21 (0.20%) assyst
7 17 (0.16%) Eikon
8 16 (0.15%) Magento
9 12 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
9 12 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
10 11 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
11 10 (0.095%) Dynamics AX
12 8 (0.076%) Sage 1000
13 7 (0.066%) Infor CRM
13 7 (0.066%) Oracle EBS R12
13 7 (0.066%) Teamcenter
14 6 (0.057%) Dynamics NAV
15 5 (0.047%) Infor M3
15 5 (0.047%) Movex
15 5 (0.047%) Oracle 11i
Cloud Services
1 1527 (14.45%) Office 365
2 1424 (13.47%) Amazon AWS
3 1422 (13.45%) Microsoft Azure
4 374 (3.54%) IaaS
5 282 (2.67%) PaaS
6 266 (2.52%) SaaS
7 258 (2.44%) Cloud Computing
8 202 (1.91%) Amazon EC2
9 99 (0.94%) Google Cloud Platform
10 98 (0.93%) Amazon S3
11 87 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
12 84 (0.79%) Mimecast
13 67 (0.63%) Azure Active Directory
14 53 (0.50%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 53 (0.50%) G Suite
14 53 (0.50%) IBM Cloud
15 51 (0.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 31 (0.29%) Amazon SQS
17 29 (0.27%) OpenShift
18 26 (0.25%) SoftLayer
Communications & Networking
1 2542 (24.05%) Firewall
2 2081 (19.69%) SAN
3 1792 (16.96%) DNS
4 1599 (15.13%) WAN
5 1548 (14.65%) LAN
6 1317 (12.46%) DHCP
7 1216 (11.51%) TCP/IP
8 1011 (9.57%) VPN
9 691 (6.54%) VoIP
10 616 (5.83%) VLAN
11 510 (4.83%) NAS
12 453 (4.29%) Cisco ASA
13 430 (4.07%) Wireless
14 327 (3.09%) Internet
15 326 (3.08%) SSL
16 317 (3.00%) Network Security
17 294 (2.78%) MPLS
18 276 (2.61%) iSCSI
19 254 (2.40%) Skype
20 230 (2.18%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1822 (17.24%) SQL Server
2 588 (5.56%) MySQL
3 280 (2.65%) SQL Server 2008
4 227 (2.15%) Oracle Database
5 183 (1.73%) SQL Server 2012
6 166 (1.57%) MongoDB
7 158 (1.49%) Relational Database
8 143 (1.35%) SQL Server 2005
9 131 (1.24%) Hadoop
10 108 (1.02%) PostgreSQL
11 103 (0.97%) RDBMS
12 101 (0.96%) Big Data
13 99 (0.94%) DB2
14 88 (0.83%) NoSQL
15 64 (0.61%) Amazon RDS
15 64 (0.61%) Apache Cassandra
16 56 (0.53%) Data Warehouse
17 53 (0.50%) Apache Hive
18 52 (0.49%) SQL Server 2014
19 51 (0.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 397 (3.76%) Jenkins
2 280 (2.65%) Git (software)
3 158 (1.49%) JIRA
4 106 (1.00%) Subversion
5 90 (0.85%) Maven
6 81 (0.77%) TeamCity
7 79 (0.75%) Selenium
8 73 (0.69%) Octopus Deploy
9 67 (0.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 64 (0.61%) Vagrant
11 45 (0.43%) Cucumber
12 44 (0.42%) Ant
13 43 (0.41%) Team Foundation Server
14 37 (0.35%) Sonatype Nexus
15 34 (0.32%) Visual Studio
16 32 (0.30%) Hudson
16 32 (0.30%) Travis CI
17 30 (0.28%) JUnit
18 22 (0.21%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
19 20 (0.19%) SonarQube
General
1 1515 (14.33%) Finance
2 446 (4.22%) Telecoms
3 334 (3.16%) Retail
4 251 (2.37%) Banking
5 195 (1.85%) Marketing
6 184 (1.74%) Law
7 182 (1.72%) Manufacturing
8 167 (1.58%) Back Office
9 162 (1.53%) Legal
10 158 (1.49%) Games
11 154 (1.46%) Advertising
12 146 (1.38%) Publishing
13 76 (0.72%) Military
14 60 (0.57%) Electronics
15 52 (0.49%) Financial Institution
16 46 (0.44%) Local Government
17 40 (0.38%) Billing
18 39 (0.37%) Investment Banking
19 34 (0.32%) German Language
20 32 (0.30%) French Language
Job Titles
1 1600 (15.14%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 1436 (13.59%) Support Engineer
3 1214 (11.49%) Analyst
4 975 (9.23%) Administrator
5 854 (8.08%) Architect
6 777 (7.35%) 3rd Line Engineer
7 745 (7.05%) Systems Administrator
8 732 (6.93%) VMware Engineer
9 716 (6.77%) IT Support
10 640 (6.06%) 3rd Line Support
11 622 (5.89%) Windows Engineer
12 603 (5.71%) Support Analyst
13 554 (5.24%) IT Engineer
14 522 (4.94%) Systems Engineer
15 497 (4.70%) Network Engineer
16 494 (4.67%) 2nd Line Support
17 478 (4.52%) Consultant
18 460 (4.35%) Linux Engineer
19 430 (4.07%) Infrastructure Support
20 419 (3.96%) 3rd Line Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 381 (3.60%) Web Services
2 276 (2.61%) LAMP
3 273 (2.58%) .NET
4 249 (2.36%) Middleware
5 226 (2.14%) HTML
6 148 (1.40%) CSS
7 113 (1.07%) XML
8 96 (0.91%) Node.js
9 85 (0.80%) HTML5
10 81 (0.77%) jQuery
11 79 (0.75%) AngularJS
12 77 (0.73%) Spring
13 73 (0.69%) Java EE
14 71 (0.67%) ASP.NET
15 69 (0.65%) JSON
16 65 (0.62%) Apache Camel
16 65 (0.62%) CSS3
16 65 (0.62%) REST
17 64 (0.61%) Hibernate
18 60 (0.57%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1761 (16.66%) Data Centre
2 539 (5.10%) Analytical Skills
3 422 (3.99%) Clustering
4 350 (3.31%) Computer Science
5 345 (3.26%) Management Information System
6 344 (3.25%) Driving Licence
7 285 (2.70%) Replication
8 214 (2.02%) PKI
9 194 (1.84%) Public Cloud
10 185 (1.75%) Blackberry
11 174 (1.65%) Hybrid Cloud
12 155 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
12 155 (1.47%) Enterprise Storage
12 155 (1.47%) Private Cloud
13 151 (1.43%) EMC VNX
14 132 (1.25%) iPad
15 114 (1.08%) Fat Client
15 114 (1.08%) Thin Client
16 110 (1.04%) CMDB
17 94 (0.89%) Visualisation
Operating Systems
1 6930 (65.57%) Windows
2 4409 (41.72%) Windows Server
3 3480 (32.93%) Linux
4 2375 (22.47%) Windows Server 2012
5 2181 (20.64%) Windows Server 2008
6 1029 (9.74%) Windows 7
7 896 (8.48%) Windows Server 2003
8 846 (8.00%) Unix
9 686 (6.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 553 (5.23%) Windows 10
11 518 (4.90%) Windows 8
12 398 (3.77%) CentOS
13 313 (2.96%) Solaris
14 250 (2.37%) Ubuntu
15 245 (2.32%) Mac OS X
16 183 (1.73%) Debian
17 166 (1.57%) Windows XP
18 128 (1.21%) Android
19 84 (0.79%) Apple iOS
20 79 (0.75%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2405 (22.76%) ITIL
2 913 (8.64%) DevOps
3 758 (7.17%) Disaster Recovery
4 749 (7.09%) Agile Software Development
5 700 (6.62%) Presales
6 655 (6.20%) Project Management
7 645 (6.10%) Service Delivery
8 486 (4.60%) Migration
9 471 (4.46%) High Availability
10 452 (4.28%) Configuration Management
11 446 (4.22%) Service Management
12 409 (3.87%) Mentoring
13 402 (3.80%) Problem Management
14 395 (3.74%) Load Balancing
15 359 (3.40%) Change Management
16 355 (3.36%) Continuous Improvement
17 301 (2.85%) Time Management
18 300 (2.84%) ITIL V3
18 300 (2.84%) PRINCE2
19 291 (2.75%) Line Management
Programming Languages
1 1749 (16.55%) SQL
2 1418 (13.42%) PowerShell
3 764 (7.23%) Python
4 627 (5.93%) Perl
5 591 (5.59%) Java
6 561 (5.31%) Bash Shell
7 367 (3.47%) C
8 342 (3.24%) Ruby
9 251 (2.37%) PHP
10 245 (2.32%) JavaScript
11 221 (2.09%) C#
12 174 (1.65%) C++
13 153 (1.45%) Shell Script
14 151 (1.43%) VBScript
15 123 (1.16%) VB
16 53 (0.50%) T-SQL
17 36 (0.34%) PL/SQL
18 31 (0.29%) Groovy
19 22 (0.21%) VB.NET
20 21 (0.20%) Korn
Qualifications
1 1610 (15.23%) Microsoft Certification
2 1191 (11.27%) Cisco Certification
3 1092 (10.33%) MCSE
4 985 (9.32%) CCNA
5 921 (8.71%) Degree
6 821 (7.77%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
7 668 (6.32%) Security Cleared
8 652 (6.17%) MCSA
9 426 (4.03%) MCITP
10 413 (3.91%) CCNP
11 406 (3.84%) SC Cleared
12 364 (3.44%) MCP
13 242 (2.29%) ITIL Certification
14 215 (2.03%) DV Cleared
15 186 (1.76%) Citrix Certification
16 128 (1.21%) CCA
17 106 (1.00%) ISEB
18 93 (0.88%) MCTS
19 90 (0.85%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
20 85 (0.80%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 714 (6.76%) SLA
2 236 (2.23%) PCI DSS
3 179 (1.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 170 (1.61%) QA
5 41 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
6 32 (0.30%) ISO 9001
7 26 (0.25%) HL7
8 21 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 16 (0.15%) COBIT
9 16 (0.15%) DICOM
9 16 (0.15%) GCP
10 13 (0.12%) HIPAA
11 12 (0.11%) GAMP
12 11 (0.10%) JSP 440
13 9 (0.085%) GPG13
14 8 (0.076%) ISO22301
15 7 (0.066%) PMBOK
16 6 (0.057%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 4 (0.038%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 4 (0.038%) Web Application Security Consortium
System Software
1 6570 (62.16%) VMware Infrastructure
2 5025 (47.54%) Active Directory
3 2458 (23.26%) Hyper-V
4 1312 (12.41%) vSphere
5 850 (8.04%) XenApp
6 665 (6.29%) VMware ESX
7 463 (4.38%) VMware ESXi
8 396 (3.75%) XenDesktop
9 352 (3.33%) Virtual Servers
10 341 (3.23%) Virtual Machines
11 263 (2.49%) Docker
12 239 (2.26%) vCloud
13 234 (2.21%) Xen
14 215 (2.03%) Terminal Services
15 214 (2.02%) KVM
16 181 (1.71%) NFS
17 165 (1.56%) VMware Workstation
18 159 (1.50%) XenServer
19 158 (1.49%) VMware Server
20 152 (1.44%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 1066 (10.09%) SCCM
2 890 (8.42%) Puppet
3 573 (5.42%) Opscode Chef
4 518 (4.90%) SCOM
5 482 (4.56%) Ansible
6 307 (2.90%) Nagios
7 273 (2.58%) Backup Exec
8 261 (2.47%) WSUS
9 257 (2.43%) NetBackup
10 138 (1.31%) Microsoft Clustering
11 110 (1.04%) SCVMM
12 90 (0.85%) vRealize
13 89 (0.84%) Norton AntiVirus
14 88 (0.83%) Cisco CUCM
15 80 (0.76%) AirWatch
16 75 (0.71%) Salt
17 70 (0.66%) vMotion
18 62 (0.59%) Red Hat Satellite
19 59 (0.56%) Tivoli
20 58 (0.55%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 4809 (45.50%) Microsoft
2 3369 (31.88%) Cisco
3 2659 (25.16%) Citrix
4 1477 (13.97%) HP
5 1188 (11.24%) NetApp
6 884 (8.36%) Red Hat
7 859 (8.13%) Oracle
8 811 (7.67%) EMC
9 539 (5.10%) Dell
10 480 (4.54%) CheckPoint
11 458 (4.33%) Veeam
12 439 (4.15%) IBM
13 438 (4.14%) Juniper
14 360 (3.41%) Symantec
15 280 (2.65%) SolarWinds
16 271 (2.56%) F5
17 254 (2.40%) 3PAR
18 247 (2.34%) Apple
19 197 (1.86%) Google
20 194 (1.84%) Palo Alto
Leamington Spa, Warwickshire
Involved Solutions Ltd
Salary: £28000.00 - £32000 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leamington Spa, Warwickshire
Involved Solutions Ltd
Salary: £35000.00 - £37000.00 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Randstad Technologies
Salary: £28000 - £33000 per annum + Bonus, Shares etc
Posted: 9 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
Senitor Associates
Salary: £26000 per annum
Posted: 4 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Senitor Associates
Salary: £20000 - £25000 per annum + Company + Benefits
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Red10
Salary: £65000 - £75000 per annum
Posted: 10 hours ago
Guildford, Surrey
Ashdown IT
Salary: £28000 - £32000 per annum + Full MCSE training
Posted: 6 hours ago
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Randstad Technologies
Salary: £18000.00 - £21000 per annum + Bonus, Paid Certs etc
Posted: 9 hours ago
Ipswich, Suffolk
Bristow Holland
Salary: From £35,000 to £40,000 per annum
Posted: 8 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Cathcart Associates Ltd
Salary: £27000 - £30000 per annum + 5600 car allowance
Posted: 3 hours ago
Northampton, Northamptonshire
Harrington Starr
Posted: 3 hours ago
City, London
ComputAppoint
Salary: £75000 - £85000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 1 hour ago
City, London
Senitor Associates
Salary: £18000 - £25000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
City, London
Involved Solutions Ltd
Salary: £28000.00 - £30000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 5 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Senitor Associates
Salary: £34000 per annum
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
Itecco
Salary: £30000 - £35000 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
Redditch, Worcestershire
Oscar
Salary: £20000 - £24000 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
Worthing, West Sussex
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Salary: £45000 - £50000 per annum + 20% Pension + Healthcare
Posted: 2 hours ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
HiFX Europe Ltd
Salary: From £35,000 to £40,000 per annum + up to 10% six monthly bonus + bene
Posted: 3 hours ago
Basingstoke, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £55000 - £65000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 5 hours ago
New Malden, Surrey
Senitor Associates
Salary: £38000 - £42000 per annum + benefits
Posted: 3 hours ago
Guildford, Surrey
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £40000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 3 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 9 hours ago
London
Refreshing Recruitment
Salary: £60000 - £65000 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Harrington Starr
Salary: £90000 - £100000 per annum + bonus, benefits + training
Posted: 3 hours ago
City, London
IPsoft
Salary: Excellent salary plus strong benefits and bonus package
Posted: 10 hours ago
Preston, Lancashire
Senitor Associates
Salary: £40000 per annum
Posted: 8 hours ago
Fareham, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Salary: £19500 - £21000 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
Robert Half
Salary: £32000 - £37000 per annum + Bonus and Benefits
Posted: 4 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Senitor Associates
Salary: £40000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday