Period
to 23 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Data Engineer was £563 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Engineer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 63 82 96
Rank change year-on-year +19 +14 +70
Contract jobs requiring a Data Engineer 87 93 177
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 3.43% 2.44% 2.64%
As % of the Job Titles category 3.66% 2.61% 2.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 68 70 146
10th Percentile £340 £406 £465
25th Percentile £425 £436 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £519 £550
Median % change year-on-year +8.43% -5.68% -
75th Percentile £613 £580 £575
90th Percentile £638 £630 £675
Central London median daily rate £555 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +5.71% -4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £19.50
Central London median hourly rate - - £19.50

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 2,378 3,563 6,329
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.88% 93.52% 94.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,751 2,697 4,914
10th Percentile £325 £300 £313
25th Percentile £425 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £619 £600 £600
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £513
% change year-on-year +5.00% -2.44% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 55 59
10th Percentile £12.15 £12.42 £12.05
25th Percentile £13.63 £14.00 £15.25
Median hourly rate £17.98 £21.00 £19.50
Median % change year-on-year -14.40% +7.69% +4.28%
75th Percentile £27.00 £38.65 £24.08
90th Percentile £34.15 £51.85 £37.50
Central London median hourly rate £18.99 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -5.06% - +6.95%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +6 6 £600 +33.33%
Data Engineer
Central London

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, Data Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 45 (51.72%) Python
2 43 (49.43%) SQL
3 40 (45.98%) Big Data
4 35 (40.23%) Apache Spark
5 34 (39.08%) AWS
6 28 (32.18%) Finance
7 25 (28.74%) Java
7 25 (28.74%) Hadoop
7 25 (28.74%) Kafka
7 25 (28.74%) Data Lake
8 24 (27.59%) Data Warehouse
9 23 (26.44%) Agile Software Development
10 20 (22.99%) Scala
11 19 (21.84%) ETL
11 19 (21.84%) Data Engineering
12 17 (19.54%) Analytical Skills
12 17 (19.54%) Security Cleared
13 16 (18.39%) Apache
13 16 (18.39%) Apache Airflow
14 15 (17.24%) Analytics
14 15 (17.24%) Data Modelling
15 14 (16.09%) SC Cleared
15 14 (16.09%) Machine Learning
16 13 (14.94%) PySpark
16 13 (14.94%) Azure
16 13 (14.94%) Apache Hive
17 12 (13.79%) NoSQL
17 12 (13.79%) Amazon Redshift
18 11 (12.64%) GCP
18 11 (12.64%) Cloudera

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (40.23%) Apache Spark
2 16 (18.39%) Apache
2 16 (18.39%) Apache Airflow
3 4 (4.60%) SAS
4 2 (2.30%) Confluence
4 2 (2.30%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 2 (2.30%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (6.90%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 5 (5.75%) Eikon
3 1 (1.15%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 34 (39.08%) AWS
2 13 (14.94%) Azure
3 11 (12.64%) GCP
4 8 (9.20%) Amazon Kinesis
5 7 (8.05%) Amazon EC2
6 5 (5.75%) Amazon EMR
6 5 (5.75%) Power Platform
7 4 (4.60%) Azure Data Factory
8 3 (3.45%) Amazon S3
8 3 (3.45%) Azure Synapse Analytics
8 3 (3.45%) Serverless
9 1 (1.15%) Amazon SageMaker
9 1 (1.15%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (1.15%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 8 (9.20%) HTTP
2 5 (5.75%) Firewall
3 1 (1.15%) 3G
3 1 (1.15%) 4G
3 1 (1.15%) 5G
3 1 (1.15%) Internet
3 1 (1.15%) Radio Access Network
3 1 (1.15%) SMTP
3 1 (1.15%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (45.98%) Big Data
2 25 (28.74%) Data Lake
2 25 (28.74%) Hadoop
3 24 (27.59%) Data Warehouse
4 13 (14.94%) Apache Hive
5 12 (13.79%) Amazon Redshift
5 12 (13.79%) NoSQL
6 11 (12.64%) Snowflake Schema
7 9 (10.34%) Relational Database
8 8 (9.20%) Parquet
9 7 (8.05%) Amazon RDS
9 7 (8.05%) PostgreSQL
10 6 (6.90%) BigQuery
11 5 (5.75%) Power BI
11 5 (5.75%) Spark SQL
12 4 (4.60%) Impala
13 2 (2.30%) Neo4j
13 2 (2.30%) Presto
13 2 (2.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 2 (2.30%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 7 (8.05%) JIRA
2 4 (4.60%) Git (software)
3 3 (3.45%) Jenkins
4 1 (1.15%) Sonatype Nexus
4 1 (1.15%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 28 (32.18%) Finance
2 6 (6.90%) Banking
3 2 (2.30%) Games
4 1 (1.15%) Advertising
4 1 (1.15%) Front Office
4 1 (1.15%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (28.74%) Kafka
2 13 (14.94%) PySpark
3 10 (11.49%) XML
4 8 (9.20%) HTML
4 8 (9.20%) PostGIS
4 8 (9.20%) Web Services
5 5 (5.75%) FIX Protocol
5 5 (5.75%) Software Packaging
6 3 (3.45%) Spring
7 2 (2.30%) Apache NiFi
7 2 (2.30%) GraphX
7 2 (2.30%) JSON
7 2 (2.30%) MLlib
7 2 (2.30%) RabbitMQ
8 1 (1.15%) .NET
8 1 (1.15%) Django
8 1 (1.15%) Oracle GoldenGate
8 1 (1.15%) RESTful
8 1 (1.15%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 17 (19.54%) Analytical Skills
2 10 (11.49%) Algorithms
3 9 (10.34%) Data Structures
4 8 (9.20%) Self-Motivation
5 5 (5.75%) Client/Server
5 5 (5.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 2 (2.30%) Cloud Native
6 2 (2.30%) Organisational Skills
6 2 (2.30%) Reinsurance
7 1 (1.15%) Clustering
7 1 (1.15%) Fixed Income
7 1 (1.15%) Greenfield Project
7 1 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (1.15%) Renewable Energy
7 1 (1.15%) Social Media
7 1 (1.15%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 7 (8.05%) Linux
2 5 (5.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 5 (5.75%) Windows
2 5 (5.75%) Windows Server
3 1 (1.15%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 23 (26.44%) Agile Software Development
2 19 (21.84%) Data Engineering
2 19 (21.84%) ETL
3 15 (17.24%) Analytics
3 15 (17.24%) Data Modelling
4 14 (16.09%) Machine Learning
5 10 (11.49%) Data Analysis
5 10 (11.49%) Data Science
6 9 (10.34%) Business Intelligence
6 9 (10.34%) Data Transformation
6 9 (10.34%) DevOps
6 9 (10.34%) Use Case
7 8 (9.20%) Change Management
7 8 (9.20%) Continuous Deployment
7 8 (9.20%) Forensic Analysis
7 8 (9.20%) Load Testing
7 8 (9.20%) MapReduce
7 8 (9.20%) SQL Optimisation
7 8 (9.20%) XML Parsing
8 7 (8.05%) Data Management
Programming Languages
1 45 (51.72%) Python
2 43 (49.43%) SQL
3 25 (28.74%) Java
4 20 (22.99%) Scala
5 3 (3.45%) C++
6 2 (2.30%) Bash Shell
6 2 (2.30%) PL/SQL
6 2 (2.30%) PowerShell
7 1 (1.15%) C#
7 1 (1.15%) Kotlin
7 1 (1.15%) R
7 1 (1.15%) T-SQL
7 1 (1.15%) VB
Qualifications
1 17 (19.54%) Security Cleared
2 14 (16.09%) SC Cleared
3 4 (4.60%) DV Cleared
4 2 (2.30%) AWS Certification
5 1 (1.15%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (1.15%) Degree
5 1 (1.15%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (4.60%) QA
System Software
1 8 (9.20%) Docker
2 5 (5.75%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 3 (3.45%) Hadoop YARN
1 3 (3.45%) Terraform
2 2 (2.30%) Ambari
2 2 (2.30%) Ansible
2 2 (2.30%) Grafana
2 2 (2.30%) Kubernetes
3 1 (1.15%) Oozie
Vendors
1 11 (12.64%) Cloudera
2 7 (8.05%) Databricks
2 7 (8.05%) Talend
3 5 (5.75%) Bloomberg
3 5 (5.75%) Citrix
3 5 (5.75%) Microsoft
3 5 (5.75%) Oracle
3 5 (5.75%) Red Hat
3 5 (5.75%) Refinitiv
3 5 (5.75%) Reuters
4 4 (4.60%) Hortonworks
5 2 (2.30%) Axway
6 1 (1.15%) Ericsson
6 1 (1.15%) Google
6 1 (1.15%) Huawei
6 1 (1.15%) IBM
6 1 (1.15%) Nokia