Period
to 2 August 2021

The median contractor rate for a Data Engineer was £574 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 2 August 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Data Engineer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
2 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 83 82 77
Rank change year-on-year -1 -5 +77
Contract jobs requiring a Data Engineer 88 54 211
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 2.57% 2.31% 3.21%
As % of the Job Titles category 2.75% 2.48% 3.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 72 42 175
10th Percentile £340 £364 £463
25th Percentile £462 £427 £513
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £574 £516 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.14% -6.14% -4.35%
75th Percentile £628 £580 £588
90th Percentile £699 £636 £638
Central London median daily rate £555 £516 £550
% change year-on-year +7.51% -6.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Median hourly rate - - £19.50
Central London median hourly rate - - £19.50

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 3,200 2,174 6,187
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.54% 93.18% 94.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,342 1,621 4,866
10th Percentile £363 £313 £325
25th Percentile £450 £414 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £520
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% -1.44% +4.00%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £725 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £513
% change year-on-year +10.00% -2.44% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 37 72
10th Percentile £12.38 £12.65 £11.25
25th Percentile £14.44 £18.50 £12.76
Median hourly rate £25.25 £36.00 £19.75
Median % change year-on-year -29.86% +82.28% +5.61%
75th Percentile £35.00 £43.70 £28.69
90th Percentile £42.98 £54.10 £46.64
Central London median hourly rate £25.00 £34.59 £20.00
% change year-on-year -27.72% +72.94% +6.95%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London over the 6 months to 2 August 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 2 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 3 £600 -
Data Engineer
Central London

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 2 August 2021, Data Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 49 (55.68%) Python
2 40 (45.45%) SQL
3 35 (39.77%) Apache Spark
4 30 (34.09%) Big Data
4 30 (34.09%) Finance
5 27 (30.68%) Kafka
5 27 (30.68%) Data Engineering
6 26 (29.55%) Java
7 25 (28.41%) Agile Software Development
7 25 (28.41%) Scala
7 25 (28.41%) Data Pipeline
8 24 (27.27%) Data Modelling
8 24 (27.27%) AWS
9 23 (26.14%) ETL
10 21 (23.86%) Azure
10 21 (23.86%) Data Lake
11 20 (22.73%) Apache Hive
12 19 (21.59%) Analytics
13 18 (20.45%) Hadoop
13 18 (20.45%) Data Science
14 17 (19.32%) DevOps
15 16 (18.18%) Databricks
16 15 (17.05%) Algorithms
16 15 (17.05%) Cloudera
17 14 (15.91%) Machine Learning
18 13 (14.77%) Apache Airflow
18 13 (14.77%) PySpark
19 12 (13.64%) Power Platform
19 12 (13.64%) Analytical Skills
19 12 (13.64%) Data Ingestion

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (39.77%) Apache Spark
2 13 (14.77%) Apache Airflow
3 8 (9.09%) Apache
4 2 (2.27%) Confluence
4 2 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (1.14%) Jupyter
5 1 (1.14%) SAS
Applications
1 1 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (5.68%) Eikon
1 5 (5.68%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
Cloud Services
1 24 (27.27%) AWS
2 21 (23.86%) Azure
3 12 (13.64%) Power Platform
4 10 (11.36%) Azure Data Factory
5 7 (7.95%) Azure Synapse Analytics
5 7 (7.95%) GCP
6 6 (6.82%) Serverless
6 6 (6.82%) Snowflake
7 5 (5.68%) Amazon S3
8 4 (4.55%) GitHub
9 3 (3.41%) Amazon Kinesis
10 2 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
10 2 (2.27%) Amazon EMR
10 2 (2.27%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (2.27%) Azure Cosmos DB
10 2 (2.27%) Cloud Computing
10 2 (2.27%) Collibra
11 1 (1.14%) Amazon SQS
11 1 (1.14%) Azure Service Bus
11 1 (1.14%) GitHub Actions
Communications & Networking
1 5 (5.68%) Firewall
2 3 (3.41%) HTTP
3 1 (1.14%) 3G
3 1 (1.14%) 4G
3 1 (1.14%) 5G
3 1 (1.14%) Radio Access Network
3 1 (1.14%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (34.09%) Big Data
2 21 (23.86%) Data Lake
3 20 (22.73%) Apache Hive
4 18 (20.45%) Hadoop
5 12 (13.64%) Power BI
6 9 (10.23%) Data Warehouse
7 8 (9.09%) Impala
7 8 (9.09%) SQL Server
8 6 (6.82%) Metadata
8 6 (6.82%) NoSQL
9 5 (5.68%) Amazon Redshift
9 5 (5.68%) Azure SQL Database
9 5 (5.68%) MongoDB
9 5 (5.68%) Presto
10 4 (4.55%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 4 (4.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 3 (3.41%) Delta Lake
11 3 (3.41%) Parquet
11 3 (3.41%) PostgreSQL
11 3 (3.41%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 7 (7.95%) Jenkins
2 6 (6.82%) Git (software)
2 6 (6.82%) JIRA
3 3 (3.41%) IBM UrbanCode
3 3 (3.41%) TeamCity
4 1 (1.14%) ERwin
4 1 (1.14%) MLflow
4 1 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
4 1 (1.14%) Visual Studio
General
1 30 (34.09%) Finance
2 12 (13.64%) Analytical Skills
2 12 (13.64%) Banking
3 8 (9.09%) Social Skills
4 5 (5.68%) Marketing
5 2 (2.27%) Games
6 1 (1.14%) Documentation Skills
6 1 (1.14%) Front Office
6 1 (1.14%) General Ledger
6 1 (1.14%) Pharmaceutical
6 1 (1.14%) Presentation Skills
6 1 (1.14%) Public Sector
6 1 (1.14%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 27 (30.68%) Kafka
2 13 (14.77%) PySpark
3 5 (5.68%) FIX Protocol
3 5 (5.68%) Software Packaging
3 5 (5.68%) Web Services
4 4 (4.55%) Spring
4 4 (4.55%) XML
5 3 (3.41%) .NET
5 3 (3.41%) HTML
5 3 (3.41%) PostGIS
5 3 (3.41%) RabbitMQ
6 2 (2.27%) Apache NiFi
6 2 (2.27%) GraphX
6 2 (2.27%) MLlib
7 1 (1.14%) NumPy
7 1 (1.14%) Oracle GoldenGate
7 1 (1.14%) Pandas
7 1 (1.14%) scikit-learn
7 1 (1.14%) SciPy
7 1 (1.14%) Spark Streaming
Miscellaneous
1 15 (17.05%) Algorithms
2 6 (6.82%) Self-Motivation
3 5 (5.68%) Client/Server
3 5 (5.68%) Data Structures
3 5 (5.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 4 (4.55%) Legacy Applications
4 4 (4.55%) Management Information System
5 2 (2.27%) Reinsurance
5 2 (2.27%) Social Media
6 1 (1.14%) Equities
6 1 (1.14%) Fixed Income
6 1 (1.14%) FMCG
6 1 (1.14%) Linked Data
6 1 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (1.14%) NHS
6 1 (1.14%) Replication
6 1 (1.14%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 8 (9.09%) Linux
2 5 (5.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 5 (5.68%) Windows
2 5 (5.68%) Windows Server
3 3 (3.41%) VMS
4 2 (2.27%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 27 (30.68%) Data Engineering
2 25 (28.41%) Agile Software Development
2 25 (28.41%) Data Pipeline
3 24 (27.27%) Data Modelling
4 23 (26.14%) ETL
5 19 (21.59%) Analytics
6 18 (20.45%) Data Science
7 17 (19.32%) DevOps
8 14 (15.91%) Machine Learning
9 12 (13.64%) Business Intelligence
9 12 (13.64%) Data Ingestion
10 9 (10.23%) Problem-Solving
10 9 (10.23%) Scrum
11 8 (9.09%) Software Engineering
12 7 (7.95%) Data Analysis
12 7 (7.95%) Use Case
13 6 (6.82%) Computer Science
13 6 (6.82%) TDD
14 5 (5.68%) Data Management
14 5 (5.68%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 49 (55.68%) Python
2 40 (45.45%) SQL
3 26 (29.55%) Java
4 25 (28.41%) Scala
5 5 (5.68%) C++
6 4 (4.55%) Bash Shell
7 3 (3.41%) T-SQL
8 2 (2.27%) PowerShell
8 2 (2.27%) R
8 2 (2.27%) Shell Script
9 1 (1.14%) C#
9 1 (1.14%) CQL
9 1 (1.14%) Kotlin
9 1 (1.14%) Perl
9 1 (1.14%) PL/SQL
9 1 (1.14%) VBA
Qualifications
1 9 (10.23%) Security Cleared
2 8 (9.09%) SC Cleared
3 3 (3.41%) Degree
4 2 (2.27%) DV Cleared
5 1 (1.14%) AWS Certification
5 1 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (5.68%) Data Quality
2 1 (1.14%) QA
System Software
1 8 (9.09%) Docker
2 3 (3.41%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 5 (5.68%) Hadoop YARN
2 3 (3.41%) Terraform
3 2 (2.27%) Ambari
3 2 (2.27%) Ansible
3 2 (2.27%) Grafana
3 2 (2.27%) Kubernetes
3 2 (2.27%) Oozie
4 1 (1.14%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 16 (18.18%) Databricks
2 15 (17.05%) Cloudera
3 9 (10.23%) Hortonworks
4 7 (7.95%) Microsoft
5 5 (5.68%) Bloomberg
5 5 (5.68%) Citrix
5 5 (5.68%) Red Hat
5 5 (5.68%) Refinitiv
5 5 (5.68%) Reuters
6 4 (4.55%) IBM
6 4 (4.55%) Oracle
7 2 (2.27%) Axway
7 2 (2.27%) Google
7 2 (2.27%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
7 2 (2.27%) Salesforce.com
8 1 (1.14%) Alteryx
8 1 (1.14%) Dataiku
8 1 (1.14%) Ericsson
8 1 (1.14%) Huawei
8 1 (1.14%) Informatica