Period
to 1 August 2021

The median annual salary for a Data Engineer was £70,000 in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Engineer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
1 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 94 136 178
Rank change year-on-year +42 +42 +49
Permanent jobs requiring a Data Engineer 175 96 164
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.13% 1.83% 1.61%
As % of the Job Titles category 3.39% 1.94% 1.68%
Number of salaries quoted 163 74 147
10th Percentile £45,151 £42,875 £45,000
25th Percentile £51,250 £55,000 £59,375
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £72,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year -3.45% - +7.41%
75th Percentile £83,750 £90,938 £88,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £113,500
Central London median annual salary £71,250 £72,500 £71,250
% change year-on-year -1.72% +1.75% +5.56%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Permanent vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 5,167 4,941 9,759
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.50% 94.19% 95.55%
Number of salaries quoted 4,615 4,339 8,742
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £35,750
25th Percentile £52,500 £51,250 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +4.00%
75th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £97,500 £96,250
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +8.33%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London.

Salary trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London over the 6 months to 1 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Data Engineer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 1 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 1 £80,000 -
Data Engineer
Central London

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 1 August 2021, Data Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 129 (73.71%) Python
2 101 (57.71%) SQL
3 89 (50.86%) AWS
4 85 (48.57%) Analytics
5 76 (43.43%) Azure
6 70 (40.00%) ETL
7 69 (39.43%) Data Engineering
8 61 (34.86%) Data Lake
9 60 (34.29%) Data Science
10 59 (33.71%) Data Pipeline
10 59 (33.71%) Data Warehouse
11 55 (31.43%) Apache Spark
12 52 (29.71%) Data Modelling
13 50 (28.57%) Big Data
14 48 (27.43%) Java
15 47 (26.86%) Agile Software Development
16 39 (22.29%) Hadoop
17 38 (21.71%) Business Intelligence
17 38 (21.71%) Finance
18 36 (20.57%) Kafka
19 31 (17.71%) Relational Database
20 30 (17.14%) Machine Learning
21 29 (16.57%) Amazon Redshift
22 28 (16.00%) Databricks
23 27 (15.43%) NoSQL
24 25 (14.29%) Data Analytics
24 25 (14.29%) Microsoft
25 24 (13.71%) DevOps
25 24 (13.71%) GCP
25 24 (13.71%) Azure Data Factory

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (31.43%) Apache Spark
2 18 (10.29%) Apache Airflow
3 16 (9.14%) Apache
4 7 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
5 5 (2.86%) SAS
6 2 (1.14%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.57%) Apache Pulsar
7 1 (0.57%) Confluence
Applications
1 1 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
Cloud Services
1 89 (50.86%) AWS
2 76 (43.43%) Azure
3 24 (13.71%) Azure Data Factory
3 24 (13.71%) GCP
4 22 (12.57%) Amazon EC2
5 20 (11.43%) Amazon S3
5 20 (11.43%) Power Platform
6 17 (9.71%) Serverless
7 10 (5.71%) Azure Functions
8 7 (4.00%) AWS CloudFormation
8 7 (4.00%) AWS Lambda
9 6 (3.43%) AWS Data Pipeline
10 4 (2.29%) Amazon EMR
10 4 (2.29%) Azure Logic Apps
10 4 (2.29%) Snowflake
11 3 (1.71%) Amazon ECS
11 3 (1.71%) Amazon EKS
11 3 (1.71%) Amazon Kinesis
11 3 (1.71%) AWS Step Functions
11 3 (1.71%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.29%) SSH
2 1 (0.57%) DNS
2 1 (0.57%) Network Security
2 1 (0.57%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (34.86%) Data Lake
2 59 (33.71%) Data Warehouse
3 50 (28.57%) Big Data
4 39 (22.29%) Hadoop
5 31 (17.71%) Relational Database
6 29 (16.57%) Amazon Redshift
7 27 (15.43%) NoSQL
8 20 (11.43%) Power BI
9 19 (10.86%) Amazon RDS
9 19 (10.86%) PostgreSQL
10 14 (8.00%) Apache Hive
11 13 (7.43%) SQL Server
12 12 (6.86%) Azure SQL Database
13 11 (6.29%) Delta Lake
14 9 (5.14%) MongoDB
15 8 (4.57%) Tableau
16 7 (4.00%) BigQuery
16 7 (4.00%) Spark SQL
17 6 (3.43%) MySQL
17 6 (3.43%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 10 (5.71%) Git (software)
1 10 (5.71%) JIRA
2 8 (4.57%) Jenkins
2 8 (4.57%) Selenium
3 4 (2.29%) Gradle
4 2 (1.14%) ER Studio
4 2 (1.14%) ERwin
4 2 (1.14%) git-flow
4 2 (1.14%) PowerDesigner
5 1 (0.57%) Artifactory
5 1 (0.57%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 1 (0.57%) Maven
5 1 (0.57%) Octopus Deploy
5 1 (0.57%) Sonatype Nexus
5 1 (0.57%) TeamCity
5 1 (0.57%) Vagrant
5 1 (0.57%) Visual Studio
General
1 38 (21.71%) Finance
2 13 (7.43%) Retail
3 12 (6.86%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (6.86%) Social Skills
4 10 (5.71%) Legal
4 10 (5.71%) Marketing
5 7 (4.00%) Games
5 7 (4.00%) Publishing
6 6 (3.43%) Banking
6 6 (3.43%) Telecoms
7 4 (2.29%) Advertising
7 4 (2.29%) Front Office
8 3 (1.71%) Public Sector
9 2 (1.14%) Law
9 2 (1.14%) Manufacturing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (20.57%) Kafka
2 18 (10.29%) PySpark
3 11 (6.29%) .NET
4 10 (5.71%) JSON
4 10 (5.71%) Scrapy
5 6 (3.43%) Regular Expression
6 5 (2.86%) AngularJS
7 4 (2.29%) Beautiful Soup
8 3 (1.71%) Spark Streaming
9 2 (1.14%) GraphQL
9 2 (1.14%) Middleware
9 2 (1.14%) Node.js
9 2 (1.14%) OAuth
9 2 (1.14%) OAuth2
9 2 (1.14%) RabbitMQ
9 2 (1.14%) RESTful
9 2 (1.14%) TensorFlow
9 2 (1.14%) XML
10 1 (0.57%) CSS
10 1 (0.57%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 8 (4.57%) Greenfield Project
1 8 (4.57%) Social Media
2 7 (4.00%) Data Structures
3 6 (3.43%) Algorithms
4 5 (2.86%) Cloud Native
5 3 (1.71%) Derivative
6 2 (1.14%) Data Centre
6 2 (1.14%) Digital Media
6 2 (1.14%) Management Information System
6 2 (1.14%) Renewable Energy
7 1 (0.57%) Acoustics
7 1 (0.57%) Blog
7 1 (0.57%) e-Learning
7 1 (0.57%) Equity Derivative
7 1 (0.57%) Fixed Income
7 1 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (0.57%) Mainframe
7 1 (0.57%) Media Streaming
7 1 (0.57%) Public Cloud
7 1 (0.57%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 15 (8.57%) Linux
2 4 (2.29%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 85 (48.57%) Analytics
2 70 (40.00%) ETL
3 69 (39.43%) Data Engineering
4 60 (34.29%) Data Science
5 59 (33.71%) Data Pipeline
6 52 (29.71%) Data Modelling
7 47 (26.86%) Agile Software Development
8 38 (21.71%) Business Intelligence
9 30 (17.14%) Machine Learning
10 25 (14.29%) Data Analytics
11 24 (13.71%) DevOps
12 23 (13.14%) Computer Science
13 19 (10.86%) Data Architecture
13 19 (10.86%) Scrum
14 17 (9.71%) Data Transformation
15 16 (9.14%) Mathematics
15 16 (9.14%) Problem-Solving
16 14 (8.00%) Artificial Intelligence
17 13 (7.43%) Visualisation
18 12 (6.86%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 129 (73.71%) Python
2 101 (57.71%) SQL
3 48 (27.43%) Java
4 17 (9.71%) Scala
5 12 (6.86%) R
6 11 (6.29%) C#
6 11 (6.29%) XPath
7 9 (5.14%) Bash Shell
8 8 (4.57%) T-SQL
9 6 (3.43%) Go
10 5 (2.86%) Cypher
11 4 (2.29%) Shell Script
12 3 (1.71%) JavaScript
13 2 (1.14%) C++
13 2 (1.14%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 2 (1.14%) HiveQL
13 2 (1.14%) PL/SQL
13 2 (1.14%) PowerShell
14 1 (0.57%) Clojure
14 1 (0.57%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 15 (8.57%) Degree
2 7 (4.00%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (1.14%) SC Cleared
3 2 (1.14%) Security Cleared
4 1 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (10.86%) QA
2 13 (7.43%) Data Quality
System Software
1 17 (9.71%) Docker
2 4 (2.29%) HDFS
3 2 (1.14%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.57%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 18 (10.29%) Kubernetes
2 11 (6.29%) Terraform
3 2 (1.14%) Ansible
3 2 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
3 2 (1.14%) Grafana
3 2 (1.14%) Kubeflow
3 2 (1.14%) Prometheus
4 1 (0.57%) Graphite
4 1 (0.57%) HAProxy
4 1 (0.57%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.57%) Puppet
4 1 (0.57%) Salt
Vendors
1 28 (16.00%) Databricks
2 25 (14.29%) Microsoft
3 15 (8.57%) Oracle
3 15 (8.57%) Talend
4 8 (4.57%) Cloudera
5 6 (3.43%) Google
6 3 (1.71%) Informatica
7 2 (1.14%) IBM
8 1 (0.57%) Alteryx
8 1 (0.57%) Bloomberg
8 1 (0.57%) Dataiku
8 1 (0.57%) Facebook
8 1 (0.57%) Hortonworks
8 1 (0.57%) MicroStrategy
8 1 (0.57%) Sage
8 1 (0.57%) SAP
8 1 (0.57%) Splunk
8 1 (0.57%) StreamSets
8 1 (0.57%) Teradata
8 1 (0.57%) VMware