Period
to 21 October 2021

The median annual salary for a Data Engineer was £71,750 in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Data Engineer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 75 132 166
Rank change year-on-year +57 +34 +67
Permanent jobs requiring a Data Engineer 218 66 190
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.67% 1.82% 1.90%
As % of the Job Titles category 3.92% 1.95% 1.99%
Number of salaries quoted 190 50 173
10th Percentile £48,750 £43,750 £47,750
25th Percentile £53,750 £51,563 £61,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £71,750 £67,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +6.30% -10.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £82,500 £87,813 £93,750
90th Percentile £93,750 £92,750 £112,000
Central London median annual salary £70,500 £67,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year +4.44% -3.57% +3.70%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Permanent vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 5,562 3,384 9,546
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.56% 93.38% 95.48%
Number of salaries quoted 4,935 2,971 8,447
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £53,750 £52,500 £48,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £98,750 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.70% +3.85% +4.00%

Data Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Data Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London.

Salary trend for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Data Engineer in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Data Engineer in the City of London

Data Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 October 2021, Data Engineer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region featuring Data Engineer in the job title.

1 138 (63.30%) Python
2 133 (61.01%) SQL
3 119 (54.59%) Analytics
4 107 (49.08%) AWS
5 89 (40.83%) Data Warehouse
6 87 (39.91%) Data Pipeline
7 79 (36.24%) ETL
8 78 (35.78%) Azure
9 76 (34.86%) Data Modelling
10 73 (33.49%) Data Engineering
11 71 (32.57%) Data Lake
11 71 (32.57%) Agile Software Development
12 70 (32.11%) Big Data
13 69 (31.65%) Apache Spark
14 67 (30.73%) Java
15 56 (25.69%) Data Science
16 49 (22.48%) Finance
17 45 (20.64%) Amazon Redshift
18 44 (20.18%) Scala
19 43 (19.72%) Business Intelligence
20 40 (18.35%) Hadoop
21 38 (17.43%) Kafka
22 36 (16.51%) Databricks
23 35 (16.06%) Scrum
24 32 (14.68%) Relational Database
24 32 (14.68%) GCP
25 29 (13.30%) Azure Data Factory
25 29 (13.30%) NoSQL
26 28 (12.84%) DevOps
27 27 (12.39%) Power Platform

Data Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (31.65%) Apache Spark
2 22 (10.09%) Apache
3 17 (7.80%) Apache Airflow
4 11 (5.05%) SAS
5 10 (4.59%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.92%) Apache Pig
6 2 (0.92%) Confluence
7 1 (0.46%) Apache Pulsar
Applications
1 10 (4.59%) Microsoft Excel
Cloud Services
1 107 (49.08%) AWS
2 78 (35.78%) Azure
3 32 (14.68%) GCP
4 29 (13.30%) Azure Data Factory
5 27 (12.39%) Power Platform
6 26 (11.93%) Amazon S3
7 19 (8.72%) Amazon EC2
8 15 (6.88%) Snowflake
9 12 (5.50%) Serverless
10 9 (4.13%) Amazon EMR
10 9 (4.13%) AWS CloudFormation
11 8 (3.67%) AWS Lambda
12 7 (3.21%) Amazon SQS
12 7 (3.21%) AWS Step Functions
13 6 (2.75%) GitHub
14 5 (2.29%) AWS Data Pipeline
15 4 (1.83%) Amazon SageMaker
15 4 (1.83%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 4 (1.83%) Azure Functions
16 3 (1.38%) Azure Synapse Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 2 (0.92%) DSL
2 1 (0.46%) DNS
2 1 (0.46%) Network Security
2 1 (0.46%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (40.83%) Data Warehouse
2 71 (32.57%) Data Lake
3 70 (32.11%) Big Data
4 45 (20.64%) Amazon Redshift
5 40 (18.35%) Hadoop
6 32 (14.68%) Relational Database
7 29 (13.30%) NoSQL
8 27 (12.39%) Power BI
9 18 (8.26%) Amazon RDS
10 17 (7.80%) MongoDB
10 17 (7.80%) Tableau
11 15 (6.88%) PostgreSQL
12 14 (6.42%) MySQL
12 14 (6.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 13 (5.96%) Apache Hive
14 11 (5.05%) SQL Server
15 10 (4.59%) Azure SQL Database
15 10 (4.59%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 9 (4.13%) BigQuery
17 8 (3.67%) Impala
Development Applications
1 12 (5.50%) Git (software)
2 11 (5.05%) JIRA
3 7 (3.21%) Selenium
4 6 (2.75%) Gradle
5 5 (2.29%) git-flow
6 3 (1.38%) Jenkins
7 2 (0.92%) ER Studio
7 2 (0.92%) ERwin
7 2 (0.92%) GitLab
7 2 (0.92%) PowerDesigner
7 2 (0.92%) Subversion
8 1 (0.46%) Artifactory
8 1 (0.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 1 (0.46%) Maven
8 1 (0.46%) Octopus Deploy
8 1 (0.46%) Sonatype Nexus
8 1 (0.46%) TeamCity
8 1 (0.46%) Vagrant
8 1 (0.46%) Visual Studio
General
1 49 (22.48%) Finance
2 17 (7.80%) Publishing
3 16 (7.34%) Banking
4 14 (6.42%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (6.42%) Retail
5 13 (5.96%) Marketing
6 12 (5.50%) Legal
7 11 (5.05%) Social Skills
8 10 (4.59%) Games
9 9 (4.13%) Advertising
10 6 (2.75%) Public Sector
11 3 (1.38%) Front Office
11 3 (1.38%) Law
11 3 (1.38%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (0.92%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.92%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.46%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.46%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (17.43%) Kafka
2 17 (7.80%) PySpark
3 9 (4.13%) .NET
4 6 (2.75%) AngularJS
5 5 (2.29%) JSON
5 5 (2.29%) Regular Expression
5 5 (2.29%) Scrapy
6 4 (1.83%) Beautiful Soup
7 3 (1.38%) Apache Avro
7 3 (1.38%) Elastic Stack
7 3 (1.38%) Node.js
8 2 (0.92%) Middleware
8 2 (0.92%) Protocol Buffers
8 2 (0.92%) RabbitMQ
8 2 (0.92%) TensorFlow
8 2 (0.92%) XML
8 2 (0.92%) YAML
9 1 (0.46%) LAPP Stack
9 1 (0.46%) scikit-learn
9 1 (0.46%) Spark Streaming
Miscellaneous
1 10 (4.59%) Social Media
2 8 (3.67%) Algorithms
3 4 (1.83%) Cloud Native
3 4 (1.83%) Digital Media
3 4 (1.83%) Greenfield Project
4 3 (1.38%) Data Structures
4 3 (1.38%) Renewable Energy
5 2 (0.92%) Derivative
6 1 (0.46%) Acoustics
6 1 (0.46%) Blog
6 1 (0.46%) Data Centre
6 1 (0.46%) e-Learning
6 1 (0.46%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (0.46%) Hybrid Cloud
6 1 (0.46%) Legacy Systems
6 1 (0.46%) Management Information System
6 1 (0.46%) Media Streaming
6 1 (0.46%) NHS
6 1 (0.46%) Public Cloud
6 1 (0.46%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 8 (3.67%) Unix
2 5 (2.29%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 119 (54.59%) Analytics
2 87 (39.91%) Data Pipeline
3 79 (36.24%) ETL
4 76 (34.86%) Data Modelling
5 73 (33.49%) Data Engineering
6 71 (32.57%) Agile Software Development
7 56 (25.69%) Data Science
8 43 (19.72%) Business Intelligence
9 35 (16.06%) Scrum
10 28 (12.84%) DevOps
11 25 (11.47%) Data Analytics
12 23 (10.55%) Data Architecture
12 23 (10.55%) Machine Learning
13 22 (10.09%) Computer Science
14 21 (9.63%) DataOps
14 21 (9.63%) Problem-Solving
14 21 (9.63%) Software Engineering
15 19 (8.72%) Visualisation
16 17 (7.80%) Data Management
17 16 (7.34%) Process Improvement
Programming Languages
1 138 (63.30%) Python
2 133 (61.01%) SQL
3 67 (30.73%) Java
4 44 (20.18%) Scala
5 18 (8.26%) C#
6 17 (7.80%) R
7 9 (4.13%) T-SQL
8 7 (3.21%) PL/SQL
9 5 (2.29%) HiveQL
9 5 (2.29%) XPath
10 4 (1.83%) Bash Shell
10 4 (1.83%) VBA
11 3 (1.38%) PowerShell
11 3 (1.38%) Shell Script
12 2 (0.92%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 1 (0.46%) C
13 1 (0.46%) C++
13 1 (0.46%) Go
13 1 (0.46%) Haskell
13 1 (0.46%) JavaScript
Qualifications
1 16 (7.34%) Degree
2 5 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
3 2 (0.92%) SC Cleared
3 2 (0.92%) Security Cleared
4 1 (0.46%) AWS Certification
4 1 (0.46%) IBM Certification
4 1 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (11.93%) Data Quality
2 18 (8.26%) QA
3 1 (0.46%) GDPR
System Software
1 7 (3.21%) HDFS
2 5 (2.29%) Docker
3 2 (0.92%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.46%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 10 (4.59%) Kubernetes
1 10 (4.59%) Terraform
2 5 (2.29%) Kubeflow
3 2 (0.92%) Ansible
3 2 (0.92%) Docker Swarm
4 1 (0.46%) Grafana
4 1 (0.46%) Graphite
4 1 (0.46%) HAProxy
4 1 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.46%) Prometheus
4 1 (0.46%) Puppet
4 1 (0.46%) Salt
Vendors
1 36 (16.51%) Databricks
2 21 (9.63%) Microsoft
2 21 (9.63%) Oracle
3 20 (9.17%) Talend
4 11 (5.05%) Cloudera
5 10 (4.59%) Informatica
6 6 (2.75%) Google
7 3 (1.38%) IBM
8 2 (0.92%) Alteryx
9 1 (0.46%) Dataiku
9 1 (0.46%) Hortonworks
9 1 (0.46%) Palantir
9 1 (0.46%) Splunk
9 1 (0.46%) StreamSets
9 1 (0.46%) VMware