Period
to 18 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 18 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 56 56 69
Rank change year-on-year 0 +13 +55
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,154 1,891 1,771
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 3.93% 3.62% 2.98%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.49% 12.73% 10.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,501 1,233 1,278
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £363 £318 £313
90th Percentile £563 £551 £538
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 10 7
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.75 £42.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.94% -5.56% -18.18%
10th Percentile £33.29 £36.80 £35.20
90th Percentile £57.97 £53.75 £111.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year +3.03% -8.33% -18.18%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,246 14,851 16,468
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 31.45% 28.43% 27.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,363 9,591 10,750
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £270
90th Percentile £569 £538 £525
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 231 278 313
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.15 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +11.53% -3.94%
10th Percentile £15.00 £18.53 £12.85
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.88 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +0.13%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +7 663 £500 +5.26% 173
North of England -5 510 £438 +2.94% 178
Scotland -1 317 £425 +6.25% 61
Midlands +34 291 £450 +2.86% 99
North West +3 271 £450 +2.86% 111
Yorkshire -22 191 £438 +4.17% 55
East of England -7 179 £480 +7.32% 56
West Midlands +31 176 £450 -10.00% 42
East Midlands +32 110 £405 -4.82% 57
South West -45 102 £425 +3.03% 58
Wales +14 57 £433 +1.76% 24
North East +10 50 £407 +1.75% 12
Northern Ireland +8 36 £417 +1.15% 16
Channel Islands -8 1 - -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,085 (96.80%) Java
2 1,407 (65.32%) Agile Software Development
3 922 (42.80%) Spring Boot
4 858 (39.83%) TDD
5 796 (36.95%) Hibernate
6 772 (35.84%) Java 8
7 755 (35.05%) Microservices
8 648 (30.08%) JavaScript
9 600 (27.86%) Git (software)
10 554 (25.72%) Jenkins
11 549 (25.49%) Maven
12 531 (24.65%) REST
13 504 (23.40%) Web Services
14 503 (23.35%) Scrum
15 499 (23.17%) RESTful
16 492 (22.84%) BDD
17 457 (21.22%) Docker
18 449 (20.84%) SQL
19 427 (19.82%) JUnit
20 413 (19.17%) HTML
21 391 (18.15%) AngularJS
22 368 (17.08%) Continuous Integration
23 362 (16.81%) CSS
24 351 (16.30%) Test Automation
25 350 (16.25%) Amazon AWS
26 344 (15.97%) Oracle
27 337 (15.65%) DevOps
28 336 (15.60%) J2EE
29 323 (15.00%) MVC
30 319 (14.81%) NoSQL

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 221 (10.26%) Tomcat
2 179 (8.31%) Apache
3 170 (7.89%) JBoss
4 141 (6.55%) Confluence
5 112 (5.20%) WebSphere
6 91 (4.22%) WebLogic
7 63 (2.92%) Jetty
8 62 (2.88%) Apache Spark
9 61 (2.83%) Elasticsearch
10 57 (2.65%) Cloud Foundry
11 46 (2.14%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 42 (1.95%) MQSeries
13 29 (1.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 25 (1.16%) Mule
15 21 (0.97%) Apache Solr
16 20 (0.93%) CMS
16 20 (0.93%) nginx
17 16 (0.74%) GemFire
17 16 (0.74%) WebSphere Application Server
18 11 (0.51%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 2 (0.093%) AutoCAD
1 2 (0.093%) MS Visio
1 2 (0.093%) Windchill
2 1 (0.046%) CATIA
2 1 (0.046%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 20 (0.93%) SAP Hybris
2 17 (0.79%) Oracle BPM
3 10 (0.46%) AquaLogic BPM
4 6 (0.28%) Remedy AR System
4 6 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
5 4 (0.19%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 3 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.14%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.093%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.093%) Magento
8 1 (0.046%) ENOVIA
8 1 (0.046%) Exstream
8 1 (0.046%) Oracle General Ledger
8 1 (0.046%) Oracle Payables
8 1 (0.046%) Shopify
8 1 (0.046%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 350 (16.25%) Amazon AWS
2 90 (4.18%) Microsoft Azure
3 60 (2.79%) GitHub
4 37 (1.72%) SaaS
5 35 (1.62%) OpenShift
5 35 (1.62%) PaaS
6 31 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
7 26 (1.21%) Amazon SQS
8 21 (0.97%) npm
9 19 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
10 18 (0.84%) Google Analytics
10 18 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
11 16 (0.74%) IaaS
12 14 (0.65%) Serverless
13 12 (0.56%) Amazon S3
13 12 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
14 10 (0.46%) Slack
15 9 (0.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 9 (0.42%) Yarn
16 8 (0.37%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 101 (4.69%) HTTP
2 37 (1.72%) TCP/IP
3 34 (1.58%) SSL
4 21 (0.97%) Firewall
5 17 (0.79%) AMQP
6 12 (0.56%) FTP
7 11 (0.51%) SMS
8 10 (0.46%) MPLS
9 8 (0.37%) DSL
9 8 (0.37%) Ethernet
10 7 (0.32%) Internet
10 7 (0.32%) Wireless
11 5 (0.23%) DNS
11 5 (0.23%) SNMP
12 4 (0.19%) DVB
12 4 (0.19%) VPN
13 3 (0.14%) SAN
13 3 (0.14%) Skype
14 2 (0.093%) Fibre Channel
14 2 (0.093%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 319 (14.81%) NoSQL
2 294 (13.65%) MongoDB
3 230 (10.68%) PostgreSQL
4 178 (8.26%) MySQL
4 178 (8.26%) Relational Database
5 146 (6.78%) Hadoop
6 136 (6.31%) SQL Server
7 106 (4.92%) Apache Cassandra
8 96 (4.46%) Big Data
9 83 (3.85%) Oracle Database
10 67 (3.11%) RDBMS
11 66 (3.06%) Couchbase
12 51 (2.37%) DB2
13 40 (1.86%) Redis
14 30 (1.39%) Oracle Database 11g
15 29 (1.35%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 23 (1.07%) Apache Hive
16 23 (1.07%) HBase
16 23 (1.07%) Riak
17 18 (0.84%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 600 (27.86%) Git (software)
2 554 (25.72%) Jenkins
3 549 (25.49%) Maven
4 427 (19.82%) JUnit
5 303 (14.07%) JIRA
6 170 (7.89%) Gradle
7 149 (6.92%) Eclipse
8 148 (6.87%) Subversion
9 146 (6.78%) Cucumber
9 146 (6.78%) Selenium
10 113 (5.25%) IntelliJ
11 103 (4.78%) Mockito
12 74 (3.44%) Ant
13 60 (2.79%) Bitbucket
14 54 (2.51%) SonarQube
15 51 (2.37%) Grunt
16 49 (2.27%) SoapUI
17 39 (1.81%) Hudson
18 38 (1.76%) Sonatype Nexus
19 36 (1.67%) gulp
General
1 298 (13.83%) Finance
2 140 (6.50%) Banking
3 58 (2.69%) Retail
4 54 (2.51%) Games
5 36 (1.67%) Telecoms
6 23 (1.07%) Investment Banking
7 18 (0.84%) Front Office
8 14 (0.65%) Manufacturing
9 12 (0.56%) Marketing
10 9 (0.42%) Advertising
10 9 (0.42%) Retail Banking
11 8 (0.37%) Law
11 8 (0.37%) Publishing
12 7 (0.32%) Billing
13 6 (0.28%) Back Office
14 5 (0.23%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
16 3 (0.14%) Legal
17 2 (0.093%) Aerospace
17 2 (0.093%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 1,789 (83.05%) Developer
2 1,540 (71.49%) Java Developer
3 212 (9.84%) Senior Developer
4 178 (8.26%) Senior Java Developer
5 131 (6.08%) Architect
6 115 (5.34%) Agile Developer
7 96 (4.46%) Agile Java Developer
8 95 (4.41%) Full Stack Developer
9 81 (3.76%) AWS Developer
9 81 (3.76%) Java Engineer
9 81 (3.76%) Software Engineer
10 60 (2.79%) Lead Developer
11 55 (2.55%) Lead Java Developer
12 53 (2.46%) Scala Developer
13 48 (2.23%) Java Software Engineer
14 44 (2.04%) Java Architect
14 44 (2.04%) Software Developer
14 44 (2.04%) Technical Architect
15 41 (1.90%) Solutions Architect
16 36 (1.67%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 922 (42.80%) Spring Boot
2 796 (36.95%) Hibernate
3 531 (24.65%) REST
4 504 (23.40%) Web Services
5 499 (23.17%) RESTful
6 413 (19.17%) HTML
7 391 (18.15%) AngularJS
8 362 (16.81%) CSS
9 336 (15.60%) J2EE
10 309 (14.35%) SOAP
11 266 (12.35%) JSON
12 241 (11.19%) XML
13 211 (9.80%) Kafka
14 203 (9.42%) Apache Camel
15 200 (9.29%) HTML5
16 198 (9.19%) Node.js
17 194 (9.01%) JMS
18 189 (8.77%) Spring MVC
19 188 (8.73%) JPA
20 167 (7.75%) React
Miscellaneous
1 198 (9.19%) Greenfield Project
2 73 (3.39%) Analytical Skills
3 57 (2.65%) Computer Science
4 52 (2.41%) User Experience
5 40 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
6 38 (1.76%) Mobile App
7 31 (1.44%) Fintech
8 22 (1.02%) Data Structures
9 21 (0.97%) Wiki
10 19 (0.88%) Self-Motivation
11 18 (0.84%) Management Information System
12 16 (0.74%) Algorithms
12 16 (0.74%) NHS
12 16 (0.74%) Public Cloud
13 12 (0.56%) Virtual Team
14 10 (0.46%) Cloud Native
14 10 (0.46%) DataPower
14 10 (0.46%) Digital Media
14 10 (0.46%) Linux Command Line
14 10 (0.46%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 289 (13.42%) Linux
2 176 (8.17%) Unix
3 57 (2.65%) Windows
4 33 (1.53%) Android
5 19 (0.88%) Ubuntu
6 18 (0.84%) Apple iOS
7 17 (0.79%) CentOS
7 17 (0.79%) Solaris
8 13 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.23%) Mac OS X
10 4 (0.19%) AIX
10 4 (0.19%) Mac OS
11 3 (0.14%) HPUX
12 2 (0.093%) Debian
12 2 (0.093%) OpenVMS
12 2 (0.093%) VMS
13 1 (0.046%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.046%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,407 (65.32%) Agile Software Development
2 858 (39.83%) TDD
3 755 (35.05%) Microservices
4 503 (23.35%) Scrum
5 492 (22.84%) BDD
6 368 (17.08%) Continuous Integration
7 351 (16.30%) Test Automation
8 337 (15.65%) DevOps
9 323 (15.00%) MVC
10 286 (13.28%) Software Engineering
11 239 (11.10%) OO
12 212 (9.84%) Kanban
13 184 (8.54%) Unit Testing
14 179 (8.31%) SOA
15 164 (7.61%) Open Source
16 145 (6.73%) Problem-Solving
17 136 (6.31%) Digital Transformation Programme
18 108 (5.01%) Web Development
19 104 (4.83%) Pair Programming
20 97 (4.50%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,085 (96.80%) Java
2 772 (35.84%) Java 8
3 648 (30.08%) JavaScript
4 449 (20.84%) SQL
5 171 (7.94%) Scala
6 169 (7.85%) Python
7 80 (3.71%) Ruby
8 76 (3.53%) Groovy
9 74 (3.44%) PL/SQL
10 59 (2.74%) C#
11 57 (2.65%) Java 9
12 44 (2.04%) Perl
13 31 (1.44%) PHP
14 30 (1.39%) T-SQL
15 28 (1.30%) Shell Script
16 20 (0.93%) Bash Shell
16 20 (0.93%) C++
16 20 (0.93%) TypeScript
17 19 (0.88%) Haskell
17 19 (0.88%) XPath
Qualifications
1 156 (7.24%) Security Cleared
2 109 (5.06%) Degree
3 106 (4.92%) SC Cleared
4 41 (1.90%) BPSS Clearance
5 18 (0.84%) Computer Science Degree
6 9 (0.42%) BC Cleared
7 8 (0.37%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.23%) HND
8 5 (0.23%) Sun Certification
9 4 (0.19%) DBS Check
9 4 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
10 1 (0.046%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.046%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.046%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.046%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (2.32%) QA
2 13 (0.60%) PMO
3 10 (0.46%) GDPR
4 7 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.093%) HL7
7 1 (0.046%) PSD2
7 1 (0.046%) SLA
System Software
1 457 (21.22%) Docker
2 54 (2.51%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 26 (1.21%) HDFS
4 15 (0.70%) vSphere
5 14 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.32%) Active Directory
7 6 (0.28%) etcd
7 6 (0.28%) LXC
8 4 (0.19%) vCloud
9 3 (0.14%) OpenAM
10 2 (0.093%) NFS
10 2 (0.093%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 2 (0.093%) Virtual Machines
11 1 (0.046%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.046%) VMware ESXi
11 1 (0.046%) VMware NSX
11 1 (0.046%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 190 (8.82%) Puppet
2 182 (8.45%) Ansible
3 138 (6.41%) Opscode Chef
4 102 (4.74%) Kubernetes
5 62 (2.88%) Cobbler
6 49 (2.27%) Terraform
7 38 (1.76%) Hadoop YARN
8 27 (1.25%) Grafana
8 27 (1.25%) Kibana
9 9 (0.42%) logstash
10 8 (0.37%) Graylog
11 7 (0.32%) Consul
12 4 (0.19%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.19%) OpenView
12 4 (0.19%) SCOM
12 4 (0.19%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.14%) CloudHub
13 3 (0.14%) Oracle ZFS
14 2 (0.093%) HP Quality Center
14 2 (0.093%) Oozie
Vendors
1 344 (15.97%) Oracle
2 92 (4.27%) IBM
3 77 (3.57%) Google
4 41 (1.90%) Adobe
5 38 (1.76%) Microsoft
5 38 (1.76%) Red Hat
6 37 (1.72%) hybris
7 30 (1.39%) SAP
8 28 (1.30%) webMethods
9 25 (1.16%) VMware
10 24 (1.11%) Atlassian
11 22 (1.02%) Sybase
12 20 (0.93%) TIBCO
12 20 (0.93%) WSO2
13 18 (0.84%) Informatica
14 17 (0.79%) MuleSoft
15 16 (0.74%) Perforce
16 14 (0.65%) Splunk
17 10 (0.46%) CA Agile Central
17 10 (0.46%) Pega