Period
to 23 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 23 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
23 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 64 58 70
Rank change year-on-year -6 +12 +16
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,754 1,877 1,525
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 3.43% 3.55% 3.07%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.55% 11.95% 10.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,089 1,258 1,065
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £435 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.45% +6.10% +2.50%
10th Percentile £363 £329 £313
90th Percentile £575 £553 £538
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 7 9
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -14.29% -7.89%
10th Percentile £34.07 £39.61 £34.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £46.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £42.75 £45.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year -5.00% -14.29% -7.89%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 15,183 15,710 14,459
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 29.72% 29.72% 29.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,050 10,176 9,302
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.06% +3.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £295 £269
90th Percentile £576 £552 £538
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £435
% change year-on-year +2.63% +9.20% +2.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 228 198 274
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +3.23%
10th Percentile £16.99 £12.81 £15.05
90th Percentile £60.00 £57.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.50
% change year-on-year +3.66% +1.23% +4.52%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 23 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 23 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 23 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -6 558 £475 - 63
North of England -6 395 £450 +5.88% 63
Scotland +12 237 £438 +9.38% 11
Midlands +7 207 £450 +5.88% 26
Yorkshire -25 179 £481 +13.24% 30
North West -7 177 £450 +9.09% 25
South West -3 149 £475 +11.76% 25
West Midlands +10 141 £444 +10.94% 19
East of England +10 131 £475 +5.56% 37
East Midlands +1 66 £475 +5.56% 7
Wales +16 42 £423 +20.71% 7
North East +21 39 £450 +5.88% 8
Northern Ireland -2 28 £450 - 8
Channel Islands - 8 £469 -
South Coast -1 1 - -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 23 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,655 (94.36%) Java
2 1,045 (59.58%) Agile Software Development
3 688 (39.22%) Spring Boot
4 609 (34.72%) JavaScript
5 607 (34.61%) Git (software)
6 589 (33.58%) TDD
7 566 (32.27%) Microservices
8 546 (31.13%) Java 8
9 493 (28.11%) Jenkins
10 466 (26.57%) REST
11 453 (25.83%) HTML
12 443 (25.26%) Hibernate
13 423 (24.12%) Scrum
14 417 (23.77%) SQL
15 413 (23.55%) CSS
16 368 (20.98%) JUnit
16 368 (20.98%) Maven
17 342 (19.50%) Web Services
18 325 (18.53%) Linux
19 320 (18.24%) Docker
20 318 (18.13%) RESTful
21 314 (17.90%) JSON
22 312 (17.79%) AngularJS
23 308 (17.56%) Amazon AWS
24 306 (17.45%) Continuous Integration
24 306 (17.45%) Oracle
25 299 (17.05%) Test Automation
26 297 (16.93%) BDD
27 282 (16.08%) DevOps
28 247 (14.08%) Finance

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 139 (7.92%) JBoss
2 121 (6.90%) Tomcat
3 116 (6.61%) Confluence
4 112 (6.39%) Apache
5 88 (5.02%) WebSphere
6 58 (3.31%) Apache Spark
7 53 (3.02%) Elasticsearch
8 50 (2.85%) WebLogic
9 27 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
10 25 (1.43%) Jetty
11 22 (1.25%) nginx
12 20 (1.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 20 (1.14%) Mule
13 18 (1.03%) WebSphere Application Server
14 17 (0.97%) CMS
15 16 (0.91%) Apache Solr
15 16 (0.91%) SharePoint
16 11 (0.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 9 (0.51%) Mule ESB
18 8 (0.46%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
1 2 (0.11%) MS Visio
1 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.057%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.057%) InVision
2 1 (0.057%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.057%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.057%) OmniGraffle
2 1 (0.057%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 3 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
1 3 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
1 3 (0.17%) Infor M3
1 3 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
1 3 (0.17%) Workday HCM
2 2 (0.11%) Fredhopper
2 2 (0.11%) Magento
2 2 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
2 2 (0.11%) Quorum
2 2 (0.11%) R3 Corda
2 2 (0.11%) Ripple XRP
2 2 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.057%) Oracle CRM
3 1 (0.057%) Oracle CRM On Demand
3 1 (0.057%) Remedy ITSM
3 1 (0.057%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 308 (17.56%) Amazon AWS
2 118 (6.73%) GitHub
3 97 (5.53%) Microsoft Azure
4 29 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
5 28 (1.60%) Serverless
6 24 (1.37%) Amazon SQS
7 22 (1.25%) Slack
8 21 (1.20%) OpenShift
9 20 (1.14%) AWS Lambda
9 20 (1.14%) Google Analytics
10 16 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
11 14 (0.80%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 13 (0.74%) Amazon S3
12 13 (0.74%) Google Cloud Platform
12 13 (0.74%) IaaS
13 11 (0.63%) Apigee
13 11 (0.63%) PaaS
14 8 (0.46%) SaaS
15 6 (0.34%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 6 (0.34%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 87 (4.96%) HTTP
2 34 (1.94%) SSL
3 29 (1.65%) TCP/IP
4 13 (0.74%) Internet
5 9 (0.51%) AMQP
5 9 (0.51%) Kerberos
6 6 (0.34%) VPN
7 5 (0.29%) DSL
7 5 (0.29%) Reverse Proxy
7 5 (0.29%) SNMP
8 4 (0.23%) Firewall
8 4 (0.23%) WebEx
9 3 (0.17%) Broadband
9 3 (0.17%) DNS
9 3 (0.17%) Intranet
9 3 (0.17%) Network Security
9 3 (0.17%) SMPP
10 2 (0.11%) FTP
10 2 (0.11%) LAN
10 2 (0.11%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 197 (11.23%) NoSQL
2 152 (8.67%) MongoDB
3 149 (8.49%) Relational Database
4 128 (7.30%) PostgreSQL
5 123 (7.01%) MySQL
6 112 (6.39%) SQL Server
7 108 (6.16%) Hadoop
8 82 (4.68%) Big Data
9 75 (4.28%) Oracle Database
10 58 (3.31%) DB2
11 56 (3.19%) HBase
12 51 (2.91%) Parquet
13 40 (2.28%) RDBMS
14 36 (2.05%) Apache Cassandra
15 23 (1.31%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 21 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
17 19 (1.08%) Redis
18 13 (0.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 11 (0.63%) Apache Hive
20 10 (0.57%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 607 (34.61%) Git (software)
2 493 (28.11%) Jenkins
3 368 (20.98%) JUnit
3 368 (20.98%) Maven
4 225 (12.83%) JIRA
5 129 (7.35%) Cucumber
6 123 (7.01%) Mockito
7 113 (6.44%) Subversion
8 108 (6.16%) Eclipse
9 107 (6.10%) Selenium
10 99 (5.64%) Gradle
11 98 (5.59%) SonarQube
12 85 (4.85%) GitLab
13 74 (4.22%) IntelliJ
14 72 (4.10%) Sonatype Nexus
15 54 (3.08%) gulp
16 51 (2.91%) Artifactory
17 46 (2.62%) Hudson
18 44 (2.51%) SoapUI
19 42 (2.39%) Spock
General
1 247 (14.08%) Finance
2 114 (6.50%) Banking
3 43 (2.45%) Retail
4 18 (1.03%) Investment Banking
5 17 (0.97%) Telecoms
6 10 (0.57%) Marketing
7 9 (0.51%) Back Office
7 9 (0.51%) Manufacturing
8 8 (0.46%) Billing
9 6 (0.34%) Aerospace
9 6 (0.34%) Automotive
10 5 (0.29%) Electronics
10 5 (0.29%) Publishing
11 4 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
12 3 (0.17%) Games
12 3 (0.17%) Legal
13 2 (0.11%) Advertising
13 2 (0.11%) Financial Institution
13 2 (0.11%) International Banking
13 2 (0.11%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,454 (82.90%) Developer
2 1,101 (62.77%) Java Developer
3 155 (8.84%) Senior Developer
4 120 (6.84%) Full Stack Developer
5 109 (6.21%) Senior Java Developer
6 92 (5.25%) Java Engineer
7 64 (3.65%) Agile Developer
8 60 (3.42%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 59 (3.36%) Software Engineer
10 57 (3.25%) Architect
11 56 (3.19%) Backend Developer
12 50 (2.85%) Lead Developer
12 50 (2.85%) Lead Java Developer
13 48 (2.74%) AWS Developer
13 48 (2.74%) Scala Developer
14 36 (2.05%) Agile Java Developer
14 36 (2.05%) JavaScript Developer
15 33 (1.88%) Big Data Developer
15 33 (1.88%) Software Developer
16 32 (1.82%) Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 688 (39.22%) Spring Boot
2 466 (26.57%) REST
3 453 (25.83%) HTML
4 443 (25.26%) Hibernate
5 413 (23.55%) CSS
6 342 (19.50%) Web Services
7 318 (18.13%) RESTful
8 314 (17.90%) JSON
9 312 (17.79%) AngularJS
10 242 (13.80%) J2EE
11 227 (12.94%) Node.js
11 227 (12.94%) React
12 220 (12.54%) SOAP
13 204 (11.63%) HTML5
14 193 (11.00%) XML
15 164 (9.35%) Kafka
16 159 (9.06%) RabbitMQ
17 126 (7.18%) Apache Camel
18 120 (6.84%) jQuery
18 120 (6.84%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 94 (5.36%) Greenfield Project
2 68 (3.88%) Analytical Skills
3 57 (3.25%) User Experience
4 47 (2.68%) Virtual Team
5 46 (2.62%) Mobile App
6 43 (2.45%) Linux Command Line
7 40 (2.28%) Enterprise Software
8 25 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
9 16 (0.91%) Fintech
10 12 (0.68%) Mainframe
11 11 (0.63%) Algorithms
11 11 (0.63%) Hybrid Cloud
12 10 (0.57%) Cloud Native
12 10 (0.57%) Data Structures
13 9 (0.51%) Private Cloud
14 8 (0.46%) Client/Server
15 7 (0.40%) Mobile Banking
16 5 (0.29%) Internet of Things
16 5 (0.29%) iPad
16 5 (0.29%) iSeries
Operating Systems
1 325 (18.53%) Linux
2 219 (12.49%) Unix
3 61 (3.48%) Windows
4 40 (2.28%) Android
4 40 (2.28%) Apple iOS
5 25 (1.43%) CentOS
6 22 (1.25%) Ubuntu
7 14 (0.80%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (0.57%) VMS
9 6 (0.34%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.29%) Solaris
11 4 (0.23%) OpenVMS
12 3 (0.17%) AIX
12 3 (0.17%) Debian
13 2 (0.11%) Kali Linux
13 2 (0.11%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.11%) zOS
14 1 (0.057%) HPUX
14 1 (0.057%) Windows Server
14 1 (0.057%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,045 (59.58%) Agile Software Development
2 589 (33.58%) TDD
3 566 (32.27%) Microservices
4 423 (24.12%) Scrum
5 306 (17.45%) Continuous Integration
6 299 (17.05%) Test Automation
7 297 (16.93%) BDD
8 282 (16.08%) DevOps
9 224 (12.77%) MVC
10 201 (11.46%) Problem-Solving
11 187 (10.66%) Software Engineering
12 148 (8.44%) Open Source
13 145 (8.27%) Unit Testing
14 142 (8.10%) Kanban
15 121 (6.90%) Web Development
16 115 (6.56%) OO
17 96 (5.47%) Pair Programming
18 88 (5.02%) Front End Development
19 78 (4.45%) Mentoring
20 75 (4.28%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 1,655 (94.36%) Java
2 609 (34.72%) JavaScript
3 546 (31.13%) Java 8
4 417 (23.77%) SQL
5 90 (5.13%) Scala
6 88 (5.02%) Python
7 77 (4.39%) C#
8 76 (4.33%) Ruby
9 60 (3.42%) Shell Script
10 52 (2.96%) PHP
11 51 (2.91%) Groovy
12 50 (2.85%) PL/SQL
13 40 (2.28%) Bash Shell
14 39 (2.22%) ES6
14 39 (2.22%) Perl
15 31 (1.77%) Apple Swift
16 28 (1.60%) C
17 25 (1.43%) C++
18 20 (1.14%) Haskell
19 18 (1.03%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 117 (6.67%) Security Cleared
2 96 (5.47%) Degree
3 77 (4.39%) SC Cleared
4 59 (3.36%) BPSS Clearance
5 30 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (0.74%) DV Cleared
7 12 (0.68%) DBS Check
7 12 (0.68%) Sun Certification
8 8 (0.46%) OCPJP
9 6 (0.34%) ISEB
9 6 (0.34%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.34%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
10 3 (0.17%) OSCP
10 3 (0.17%) SANS
11 2 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.057%) GPEN
12 1 (0.057%) OSCE
12 1 (0.057%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (2.22%) QA
2 13 (0.74%) Disclosure Scotland
3 10 (0.57%) GDPR
4 8 (0.46%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.34%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.23%) HL7
6 4 (0.23%) SLA
7 3 (0.17%) PSD2
8 2 (0.11%) GxP
8 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.057%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.057%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 1 (0.057%) OASIS TOSCA
9 1 (0.057%) PMO
9 1 (0.057%) WAI
System Software
1 320 (18.24%) Docker
2 50 (2.85%) HDFS
3 48 (2.74%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 8 (0.46%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.40%) Postfix
5 7 (0.40%) vSphere
6 5 (0.29%) VMware Infrastructure
7 4 (0.23%) OpenAM
7 4 (0.23%) OpenDJ
7 4 (0.23%) VirtualBox
8 3 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.11%) Firmware
10 1 (0.057%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.057%) NFS
10 1 (0.057%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 1 (0.057%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 96 (5.47%) Puppet
2 89 (5.07%) Ansible
3 79 (4.50%) Kubernetes
4 53 (3.02%) Hadoop YARN
5 49 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
6 41 (2.34%) Terraform
7 33 (1.88%) Kibana
8 24 (1.37%) Grafana
9 21 (1.20%) Cobbler
10 13 (0.74%) logstash
11 8 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
12 7 (0.40%) Rancher
13 6 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
14 4 (0.23%) Packer
15 3 (0.17%) Graphite
16 2 (0.11%) ZABBIX
17 1 (0.057%) Mesos
17 1 (0.057%) Oracle Flashback
17 1 (0.057%) Oracle Identity Management
17 1 (0.057%) Oracle ZFS
Vendors
1 306 (17.45%) Oracle
2 85 (4.85%) Microsoft
3 77 (4.39%) Google
4 74 (4.22%) IBM
5 39 (2.22%) Red Hat
6 38 (2.17%) WSO2
7 34 (1.94%) Adobe
8 27 (1.54%) Splunk
9 25 (1.43%) AppDynamics
10 22 (1.25%) Atlassian
11 21 (1.20%) MuleSoft
12 18 (1.03%) webMethods
13 16 (0.91%) hybris
13 16 (0.91%) Sybase
13 16 (0.91%) Zend
14 12 (0.68%) VMware
15 11 (0.63%) SAP
16 9 (0.51%) CA Agile Central
16 9 (0.51%) Sun
17 8 (0.46%) Cloudera