Period
to 13 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 13 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 55 54 77
Rank change year-on-year -1 +23 +34
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,169 2,003 1,548
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 3.87% 3.73% 2.76%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.36% 13.23% 9.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,433 1,319 1,084
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £363 £313 £313
90th Percentile £563 £550 £538
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 9 8
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £45.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.89% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £32.48 £36.60 £29.71
90th Percentile £54.00 £53.75 £97.00
UK median hourly rate £36.23 £41.25 £43.75
% change year-on-year -12.18% -5.71% -2.78%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,545 15,139 15,825
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 31.30% 28.23% 28.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,545 9,781 10,205
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
10th Percentile £313 £283 £275
90th Percentile £575 £550 £532
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 211 258 292
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £38.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +3.56% +3.00%
10th Percentile £16.13 £16.52 £14.15
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK excluding London

Spring
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +4 710 £500 +5.26% 150
North of England -20 432 £438 +4.17% 138
Scotland +1 320 £425 +10.75% 62
Midlands +38 307 £450 +7.14% 99
North West -11 240 £450 +9.09% 69
West Midlands +42 211 £450 +20.00% 54
East of England -1 186 £480 +12.94% 35
Yorkshire -31 158 £438 +2.94% 56
South West -50 112 £425 +2.41% 58
East Midlands +11 92 £409 -6.63% 44
Wales +21 73 £425 +13.33% 25
North East -1 35 £413 - 13
Northern Ireland -1 28 £412 -0.72% 5
Channel Islands -5 3 - -
Spring
UK

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,087 (96.22%) Java
2 1,411 (65.05%) Agile Software Development
3 915 (42.19%) Spring Boot
4 893 (41.17%) TDD
5 776 (35.78%) Microservices
6 727 (33.52%) Hibernate
7 705 (32.50%) Java 8
8 657 (30.29%) JavaScript
9 631 (29.09%) Git (software)
10 574 (26.46%) REST
11 564 (26.00%) Jenkins
12 543 (25.03%) BDD
13 506 (23.33%) Scrum
14 496 (22.87%) RESTful
15 494 (22.78%) Docker
16 491 (22.64%) Web Services
17 489 (22.54%) Maven
18 481 (22.18%) SQL
19 466 (21.48%) JUnit
20 435 (20.06%) HTML
21 413 (19.04%) Continuous Integration
22 400 (18.44%) CSS
23 398 (18.35%) Test Automation
24 394 (18.17%) DevOps
25 356 (16.41%) AngularJS
26 352 (16.23%) MVC
27 351 (16.18%) Linux
28 337 (15.54%) J2EE
29 336 (15.49%) Amazon AWS
30 333 (15.35%) JSON

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 219 (10.10%) Tomcat
2 191 (8.81%) JBoss
3 161 (7.42%) Apache
4 134 (6.18%) Confluence
5 121 (5.58%) WebSphere
6 104 (4.79%) WebLogic
7 77 (3.55%) Jetty
8 69 (3.18%) Elasticsearch
9 60 (2.77%) Apache Spark
10 50 (2.31%) Cloud Foundry
11 42 (1.94%) MQSeries
12 33 (1.52%) nginx
13 29 (1.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 29 (1.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 26 (1.20%) Apache Solr
15 25 (1.15%) Mule
16 14 (0.65%) WebSphere Application Server
17 11 (0.51%) CMS
18 10 (0.46%) GemFire
18 10 (0.46%) GlassFish
Applications
1 3 (0.14%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.092%) AutoCAD
2 2 (0.092%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.092%) Windchill
3 1 (0.046%) CATIA
Business Applications
1 18 (0.83%) SAP Hybris
2 12 (0.55%) Oracle BPM
3 7 (0.32%) AquaLogic BPM
4 6 (0.28%) Remedy AR System
4 6 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
5 3 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.14%) SAP ERP
6 2 (0.092%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.046%) ENOVIA
7 1 (0.046%) Exstream
7 1 (0.046%) Magento
7 1 (0.046%) Oracle General Ledger
7 1 (0.046%) Oracle Payables
7 1 (0.046%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.046%) Shopify
7 1 (0.046%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 336 (15.49%) Amazon AWS
2 102 (4.70%) GitHub
3 94 (4.33%) Microsoft Azure
4 36 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
5 33 (1.52%) SaaS
6 31 (1.43%) Amazon SQS
6 31 (1.43%) Google Analytics
7 27 (1.24%) PaaS
8 26 (1.20%) OpenShift
9 25 (1.15%) Serverless
10 24 (1.11%) Google Cloud Platform
11 22 (1.01%) AWS Lambda
12 21 (0.97%) AWS CloudFormation
13 19 (0.88%) npm
14 18 (0.83%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 17 (0.78%) IaaS
16 15 (0.69%) Amazon S3
17 13 (0.60%) Amazon ElastiCache
18 11 (0.51%) CloudFront
19 10 (0.46%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 128 (5.90%) HTTP
2 52 (2.40%) SSL
2 52 (2.40%) TCP/IP
3 20 (0.92%) Firewall
4 16 (0.74%) AMQP
5 11 (0.51%) MPLS
6 10 (0.46%) DSL
6 10 (0.46%) Internet
7 9 (0.41%) VPN
8 8 (0.37%) Ethernet
9 7 (0.32%) Wireless
10 6 (0.28%) FTP
10 6 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
10 6 (0.28%) SNMP
11 5 (0.23%) DNS
11 5 (0.23%) SMS
12 4 (0.18%) DVB
13 3 (0.14%) SAN
13 3 (0.14%) Skype
14 2 (0.092%) SMPP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 314 (14.48%) NoSQL
2 299 (13.79%) MongoDB
3 196 (9.04%) PostgreSQL
4 184 (8.48%) Relational Database
5 170 (7.84%) Hadoop
6 162 (7.47%) MySQL
7 153 (7.05%) SQL Server
8 99 (4.56%) Big Data
9 92 (4.24%) Apache Cassandra
10 82 (3.78%) Oracle Database
11 60 (2.77%) Couchbase
12 57 (2.63%) DB2
12 57 (2.63%) RDBMS
13 40 (1.84%) Redis
14 38 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 35 (1.61%) HBase
16 29 (1.34%) Oracle Database 11g
16 29 (1.34%) Parquet
17 21 (0.97%) Riak
18 18 (0.83%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 631 (29.09%) Git (software)
2 564 (26.00%) Jenkins
3 489 (22.54%) Maven
4 466 (21.48%) JUnit
5 262 (12.08%) JIRA
6 179 (8.25%) Subversion
7 170 (7.84%) Cucumber
8 162 (7.47%) Gradle
9 160 (7.38%) Eclipse
10 153 (7.05%) Selenium
11 118 (5.44%) IntelliJ
12 104 (4.79%) Mockito
13 83 (3.83%) Ant
14 62 (2.86%) Grunt
15 60 (2.77%) SonarQube
16 56 (2.58%) Hudson
16 56 (2.58%) SoapUI
17 51 (2.35%) Bitbucket
18 49 (2.26%) Gatling
19 48 (2.21%) gulp
General
1 311 (14.34%) Finance
2 129 (5.95%) Banking
3 63 (2.90%) Retail
4 52 (2.40%) Games
5 36 (1.66%) Telecoms
6 27 (1.24%) Investment Banking
7 14 (0.65%) Marketing
8 13 (0.60%) Front Office
9 11 (0.51%) Manufacturing
10 7 (0.32%) Publishing
11 6 (0.28%) Back Office
11 6 (0.28%) Billing
12 5 (0.23%) Advertising
12 5 (0.23%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.18%) Aerospace
13 4 (0.18%) Financial Institution
13 4 (0.18%) International Banking
14 3 (0.14%) Law
15 2 (0.092%) Legal
15 2 (0.092%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,811 (83.49%) Developer
2 1,520 (70.08%) Java Developer
3 213 (9.82%) Senior Developer
4 170 (7.84%) Senior Java Developer
5 129 (5.95%) Agile Developer
6 120 (5.53%) Architect
7 109 (5.03%) Full Stack Developer
8 94 (4.33%) Agile Java Developer
9 93 (4.29%) Java Engineer
10 79 (3.64%) AWS Developer
11 78 (3.60%) Software Engineer
12 70 (3.23%) Scala Developer
13 60 (2.77%) Lead Developer
14 55 (2.54%) Lead Java Developer
15 48 (2.21%) JavaScript Developer
16 42 (1.94%) Java Software Engineer
16 42 (1.94%) Software Developer
16 42 (1.94%) Technical Architect
17 39 (1.80%) Java Architect
18 38 (1.75%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 915 (42.19%) Spring Boot
2 727 (33.52%) Hibernate
3 574 (26.46%) REST
4 496 (22.87%) RESTful
5 491 (22.64%) Web Services
6 435 (20.06%) HTML
7 400 (18.44%) CSS
8 356 (16.41%) AngularJS
9 337 (15.54%) J2EE
10 333 (15.35%) JSON
11 292 (13.46%) SOAP
12 221 (10.19%) XML
13 211 (9.73%) Node.js
14 209 (9.64%) HTML5
14 209 (9.64%) Spring MVC
15 184 (8.48%) Kafka
16 182 (8.39%) Apache Camel
17 180 (8.30%) JMS
18 175 (8.07%) React
19 166 (7.65%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 202 (9.31%) Greenfield Project
2 73 (3.37%) Analytical Skills
3 47 (2.17%) User Experience
4 46 (2.12%) Mobile App
5 38 (1.75%) Enterprise Software
6 30 (1.38%) Fintech
6 30 (1.38%) Virtual Team
7 29 (1.34%) Linux Command Line
8 20 (0.92%) Data Structures
9 19 (0.88%) Self-Motivation
10 17 (0.78%) Algorithms
11 16 (0.74%) NHS
12 12 (0.55%) Hybrid Cloud
13 11 (0.51%) Management Information System
13 11 (0.51%) Wiki
14 9 (0.41%) Cloud Native
14 9 (0.41%) Digital Media
14 9 (0.41%) Public Cloud
15 8 (0.37%) DataPower
15 8 (0.37%) Smart Home
Operating Systems
1 351 (16.18%) Linux
2 199 (9.17%) Unix
3 69 (3.18%) Windows
4 34 (1.57%) Android
5 33 (1.52%) Ubuntu
6 17 (0.78%) Apple iOS
6 17 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 15 (0.69%) CentOS
7 15 (0.69%) Solaris
8 4 (0.18%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.14%) AIX
9 3 (0.14%) Debian
9 3 (0.14%) HPUX
10 2 (0.092%) VMS
11 1 (0.046%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.046%) OpenVMS
11 1 (0.046%) Windows Server
11 1 (0.046%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,411 (65.05%) Agile Software Development
2 893 (41.17%) TDD
3 776 (35.78%) Microservices
4 543 (25.03%) BDD
5 506 (23.33%) Scrum
6 413 (19.04%) Continuous Integration
7 398 (18.35%) Test Automation
8 394 (18.17%) DevOps
9 352 (16.23%) MVC
10 284 (13.09%) Software Engineering
11 208 (9.59%) Kanban
12 205 (9.45%) Unit Testing
13 183 (8.44%) OO
14 175 (8.07%) Open Source
15 168 (7.75%) Problem-Solving
16 150 (6.92%) Digital Transformation Programme
17 146 (6.73%) SOA
18 124 (5.72%) Pair Programming
18 124 (5.72%) Web Development
19 112 (5.16%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2,087 (96.22%) Java
2 705 (32.50%) Java 8
3 657 (30.29%) JavaScript
4 481 (22.18%) SQL
5 192 (8.85%) Scala
6 174 (8.02%) Python
7 111 (5.12%) Ruby
8 78 (3.60%) Groovy
9 76 (3.50%) C#
10 72 (3.32%) PL/SQL
11 61 (2.81%) Perl
12 55 (2.54%) Java 9
13 45 (2.07%) Shell Script
14 32 (1.48%) Haskell
15 31 (1.43%) PHP
16 28 (1.29%) T-SQL
17 18 (0.83%) Bash Shell
17 18 (0.83%) C++
18 17 (0.78%) Kotlin
18 17 (0.78%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 152 (7.01%) Security Cleared
2 116 (5.35%) Degree
2 116 (5.35%) SC Cleared
3 52 (2.40%) BPSS Clearance
4 22 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 7 (0.32%) DV Cleared
6 6 (0.28%) Sun Certification
7 4 (0.18%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.14%) BC Cleared
8 3 (0.14%) HND
8 3 (0.14%) TOGAF Certification
9 2 (0.092%) OCPJP
10 1 (0.046%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.046%) CREST Certified
10 1 (0.046%) GPEN
10 1 (0.046%) OSCE
10 1 (0.046%) OSCP
10 1 (0.046%) SANS
10 1 (0.046%) Tigerscheme
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 53 (2.44%) QA
2 12 (0.55%) PMO
3 10 (0.46%) GDPR
4 7 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.18%) HL7
7 2 (0.092%) PSD2
8 1 (0.046%) ISO 9001
8 1 (0.046%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.046%) SLA
System Software
1 494 (22.78%) Docker
2 55 (2.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 39 (1.80%) HDFS
4 16 (0.74%) vSphere
5 13 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.37%) Active Directory
7 5 (0.23%) OpenAM
7 5 (0.23%) OpenDJ
8 4 (0.18%) Firmware
8 4 (0.18%) vCloud
9 3 (0.14%) LXC
10 1 (0.046%) etcd
10 1 (0.046%) NFS
10 1 (0.046%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 1 (0.046%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.046%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.046%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 207 (9.54%) Puppet
2 180 (8.30%) Ansible
3 133 (6.13%) Opscode Chef
4 122 (5.62%) Kubernetes
5 74 (3.41%) Cobbler
6 52 (2.40%) Hadoop YARN
7 46 (2.12%) Kibana
8 43 (1.98%) Terraform
9 39 (1.80%) Grafana
10 15 (0.69%) logstash
11 7 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
12 6 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
13 5 (0.23%) Graylog
13 5 (0.23%) Packer
14 4 (0.18%) OpenView
14 4 (0.18%) SCOM
14 4 (0.18%) ZABBIX
15 3 (0.14%) CloudHub
16 2 (0.092%) Graphite
16 2 (0.092%) Oracle ZFS
Vendors
1 310 (14.29%) Oracle
2 114 (5.26%) Google
3 99 (4.56%) IBM
4 55 (2.54%) Adobe
5 51 (2.35%) Microsoft
6 41 (1.89%) WSO2
7 38 (1.75%) Red Hat
8 37 (1.71%) webMethods
9 29 (1.34%) VMware
10 28 (1.29%) SAP
11 27 (1.24%) hybris
12 22 (1.01%) Sybase
13 18 (0.83%) MuleSoft
14 16 (0.74%) Informatica
14 16 (0.74%) TIBCO
15 14 (0.65%) Atlassian
16 12 (0.55%) Perforce
17 10 (0.46%) Pega
18 8 (0.37%) CA Agile Central
18 8 (0.37%) Splunk