Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 2 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
2 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 28 29 39
Rank change year-on-year +1 +10 +13
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 5,756 4,128 2,217
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 6.47% 6.22% 5.37%
As % of the Systems Management category 41.01% 38.76% 35.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,228 3,029 1,700
10th Percentile £463 £419 £413
25th Percentile £518 £481 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £615 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.82% - -
75th Percentile £713 £638 £625
90th Percentile £788 £713 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £564 £500 £525
% change year-on-year +12.80% -4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 17 5
10th Percentile £41.75 £26.00 £25.91
25th Percentile £44.29 £35.00 £46.40
Median hourly rate £48.36 £47.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.80% -5.00% +0.28%
75th Percentile £70.63 £76.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £79.69 £79.80 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £40.72 £50.00
% change year-on-year +16.65% -18.56% +270.37%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 14,035 10,651 6,323
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.77% 16.06% 15.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,150 7,518 4,396
10th Percentile £363 £350 £304
25th Percentile £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £570 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year +8.57% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £675 £600 £600
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £463
% change year-on-year +11.11% -2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 189 157 149
10th Percentile £13.20 £15.00 £12.50
25th Percentile £15.75 £18.00 £14.75
Median hourly rate £22.50 £34.00 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year -33.82% +70.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £47.50 £51.00 £35.00
90th Percentile £67.50 £63.60 £50.42
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £22.32 £19.50
% change year-on-year -10.37% +14.44% +14.50%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 2 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 2 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 4,574 £625 +13.64% 982
Work from Home -5 3,126 £600 +11.06% 476
London -2 3,113 £650 +17.12% 572
UK excluding London +12 1,381 £564 +12.80% 460
North of England +13 375 £575 +9.52% 139
South East +20 371 £575 +15.00% 79
North West +7 220 £600 +20.00% 75
Scotland +19 216 £561 +12.25% 41
South West +1 161 £525 +10.53% 74
Midlands +5 133 £540 +0.93% 63
Yorkshire -3 129 £550 +4.76% 53
West Midlands +12 109 £540 +1.89% 38
East of England -19 94 £600 +9.09% 44
North East +21 47 £625 +22.55% 11
Wales -2 33 £675 +52.97% 10
East Midlands -8 24 £531 -1.16% 25
Northern Ireland -3 5 £550 +15.18% 10

For the 6 months to 2 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 3,289 (57.14%) Docker
2 3,173 (55.13%) DevOps
3 2,584 (44.89%) CI/CD
4 2,398 (41.66%) AWS
5 2,382 (41.38%) Terraform
6 2,338 (40.62%) Azure
7 2,101 (36.50%) Agile
8 1,966 (34.16%) Python
9 1,764 (30.65%) Java
10 1,587 (27.57%) Microservices
11 1,510 (26.23%) Jenkins
12 1,312 (22.79%) Ansible
13 1,254 (21.79%) Linux
14 1,102 (19.15%) GCP
15 1,098 (19.08%) Git (software)
16 990 (17.20%) Kafka
17 959 (16.66%) Finance
18 873 (15.17%) Security Cleared
19 850 (14.77%) JavaScript
20 817 (14.19%) Infrastructure as Code
21 792 (13.76%) SQL
22 773 (13.43%) Social Skills
23 768 (13.34%) SC Cleared
24 763 (13.26%) Software Engineering
25 729 (12.67%) Azure DevOps
26 706 (12.27%) Test Automation
27 701 (12.18%) TDD
28 647 (11.24%) Spring
29 634 (11.01%) GitLab
30 632 (10.98%) Scrum

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 290 (5.04%) Confluence
2 209 (3.63%) Apache Spark
3 187 (3.25%) nginx
4 183 (3.18%) Apache
5 109 (1.89%) OpenStack
6 75 (1.30%) Tomcat
7 73 (1.27%) Apache Airflow
8 55 (0.96%) WebSphere
9 46 (0.80%) Cloud Foundry
10 36 (0.63%) BizTalk Server
10 36 (0.63%) Traefik
11 31 (0.54%) IIS
12 24 (0.42%) Apache Solr
13 22 (0.38%) CMS
13 22 (0.38%) Jupyter
14 20 (0.35%) WebSphere Application Server
15 19 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 17 (0.30%) Sitefinity
17 16 (0.28%) Camunda
18 15 (0.26%) Mule
Applications
1 1 (0.017%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.017%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.017%) Microsoft Project
1 1 (0.017%) MS Visio
1 1 (0.017%) Pipeline Pilot
1 1 (0.017%) PlantUML
1 1 (0.017%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.14%) assyst
2 5 (0.087%) MoSes
2 5 (0.087%) Oracle BPM
2 5 (0.087%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 5 (0.087%) RMDS
2 5 (0.087%) SAP Hybris
3 4 (0.069%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.052%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.052%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.035%) Oracle BRM
5 2 (0.035%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.035%) Shopify
6 1 (0.017%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.017%) Magento
6 1 (0.017%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.017%) SAP IBP
Cloud Services
1 2,398 (41.66%) AWS
2 2,338 (40.62%) Azure
3 1,102 (19.15%) GCP
4 729 (12.67%) Azure DevOps
5 571 (9.92%) Serverless
6 524 (9.10%) GitHub
7 503 (8.74%) OpenShift
8 419 (7.28%) Azure AKS
9 408 (7.09%) AWS CloudFormation
10 369 (6.41%) Amazon EKS
11 350 (6.08%) AWS Lambda
12 343 (5.96%) PaaS
13 279 (4.85%) Amazon S3
14 244 (4.24%) Amazon EC2
15 237 (4.12%) Google Kubernetes Engine
16 228 (3.96%) IaaS
17 222 (3.86%) SaaS
18 202 (3.51%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 192 (3.34%) Amazon ECS
20 129 (2.24%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 203 (3.53%) Firewall
2 197 (3.42%) DNS
3 98 (1.70%) VPN
4 93 (1.62%) HTTP
5 87 (1.51%) Internet
6 81 (1.41%) SSL
7 77 (1.34%) TCP/IP
8 61 (1.06%) Network Security
9 55 (0.96%) DHCP
10 44 (0.76%) SSH
11 40 (0.69%) IPv4
12 36 (0.63%) FTP
13 35 (0.61%) SMTP
13 35 (0.61%) WAN
14 33 (0.57%) MQTT
15 29 (0.50%) IPsec
16 28 (0.49%) HTTPS
17 23 (0.40%) VLAN
18 16 (0.28%) IKE
18 16 (0.28%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 411 (7.14%) PostgreSQL
2 367 (6.38%) NoSQL
3 330 (5.73%) MongoDB
4 284 (4.93%) SQL Server
5 221 (3.84%) Big Data
6 204 (3.54%) Elasticsearch
6 204 (3.54%) MySQL
7 203 (3.53%) Amazon RDS
8 160 (2.78%) Relational Database
9 128 (2.22%) Redis
10 126 (2.19%) Hadoop
11 122 (2.12%) BigQuery
12 117 (2.03%) DynamoDB
13 105 (1.82%) Apache Cassandra
14 86 (1.49%) Data Warehouse
15 73 (1.27%) Azure SQL Database
16 58 (1.01%) Data Lake
17 51 (0.89%) Amazon Aurora
18 50 (0.87%) Oracle Database
19 41 (0.71%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 1,510 (26.23%) Jenkins
2 1,098 (19.08%) Git (software)
3 634 (11.01%) GitLab
4 558 (9.69%) JIRA
5 486 (8.44%) Maven
6 281 (4.88%) Gradle
7 220 (3.82%) TeamCity
8 176 (3.06%) Artifactory
9 168 (2.92%) Sonatype Nexus
10 152 (2.64%) CircleCI
11 121 (2.10%) Cucumber
11 121 (2.10%) SonarQube
12 118 (2.05%) Bitbucket
12 118 (2.05%) Selenium
13 100 (1.74%) JUnit
14 81 (1.41%) Travis CI
15 76 (1.32%) gulp
16 61 (1.06%) Team Foundation Server
17 58 (1.01%) Spinnaker
18 50 (0.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 959 (16.66%) Finance
2 773 (13.43%) Social Skills
3 473 (8.22%) Banking
4 425 (7.38%) Public Sector
5 279 (4.85%) Analytical Skills
6 138 (2.40%) Retail
7 114 (1.98%) Investment Banking
8 105 (1.82%) Telecoms
9 75 (1.30%) Front Office
10 62 (1.08%) Influencing Skills
11 55 (0.96%) Presentation Skills
12 54 (0.94%) Financial Institution
13 46 (0.80%) Legal
14 42 (0.73%) Marketing
15 41 (0.71%) Games
16 39 (0.68%) Law
17 38 (0.66%) Documentation Skills
18 30 (0.52%) Manufacturing
19 29 (0.50%) Pharmaceutical
20 26 (0.45%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,666 (28.94%) Developer
2 1,633 (28.37%) DevOps Engineer
3 576 (10.01%) Java Developer
4 544 (9.45%) Architect
5 439 (7.63%) AWS Engineer
6 437 (7.59%) Azure Engineer
7 354 (6.15%) Cloud Engineer
8 331 (5.75%) AWS DevOps
9 289 (5.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 289 (5.02%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 287 (4.99%) Senior Developer
11 276 (4.79%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 250 (4.34%) Software Engineer
13 227 (3.94%) Python Developer
14 195 (3.39%) GCP Engineer
15 179 (3.11%) .NET Developer
16 172 (2.99%) Data Engineer
17 169 (2.94%) Solutions Architect
18 166 (2.88%) Platform Engineer
19 164 (2.85%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 990 (17.20%) Kafka
2 647 (11.24%) Spring
3 610 (10.60%) React
4 587 (10.20%) .NET
5 543 (9.43%) Node.js
6 527 (9.16%) Spring Boot
7 453 (7.87%) REST
8 340 (5.91%) RESTful
9 315 (5.47%) HTML
10 300 (5.21%) CSS
11 228 (3.96%) AngularJS
12 223 (3.87%) .NET Core
13 213 (3.70%) Elastic Stack
14 182 (3.16%) JSON
15 165 (2.87%) Flask
16 162 (2.81%) .NET Framework
16 162 (2.81%) Django
17 154 (2.68%) RabbitMQ
18 142 (2.47%) GraphQL
19 137 (2.38%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 466 (8.10%) Cloud Native
2 305 (5.30%) Public Cloud
3 254 (4.41%) Greenfield Project
4 227 (3.94%) Data Protection Act
5 143 (2.48%) Private Cloud
6 132 (2.29%) Data Centre
7 128 (2.22%) User Experience
8 100 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
8 100 (1.74%) Hybrid Cloud
9 89 (1.55%) PKI
10 88 (1.53%) Linux Command Line
11 80 (1.39%) Virtual Team
12 76 (1.32%) Algorithms
12 76 (1.32%) Management Information System
12 76 (1.32%) Self-Motivation
13 74 (1.29%) Data Structures
14 69 (1.20%) IoT
15 61 (1.06%) iPad
16 59 (1.03%) Clustering
17 52 (0.90%) Legacy Systems
Operating Systems
1 1,254 (21.79%) Linux
2 312 (5.42%) Windows
3 274 (4.76%) Unix
4 175 (3.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 91 (1.58%) CentOS
6 80 (1.39%) Ubuntu
7 78 (1.36%) Windows Server
8 38 (0.66%) VMS
9 35 (0.61%) Android
9 35 (0.61%) Apple iOS
10 26 (0.45%) Debian
11 22 (0.38%) Amazon Linux
12 19 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
13 18 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
14 10 (0.17%) MVS
14 10 (0.17%) Solaris
14 10 (0.17%) Windows Server 2019
15 9 (0.16%) AIX
15 9 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
16 7 (0.12%) Alpine Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,173 (55.13%) DevOps
2 2,584 (44.89%) CI/CD
3 2,101 (36.50%) Agile
4 1,587 (27.57%) Microservices
5 817 (14.19%) Infrastructure as Code
6 763 (13.26%) Software Engineering
7 706 (12.27%) Test Automation
8 701 (12.18%) TDD
9 632 (10.98%) Scrum
10 616 (10.70%) Continuous Integration
11 509 (8.84%) Configuration Management
12 453 (7.87%) Problem-Solving
13 405 (7.04%) BDD
14 401 (6.97%) Full Stack Development
15 362 (6.29%) Continuous Delivery
16 358 (6.22%) Platform Engineering
17 356 (6.18%) Site Reliability Engineering
18 352 (6.12%) Open Source
19 334 (5.80%) Mentoring
20 331 (5.75%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,966 (34.16%) Python
2 1,764 (30.65%) Java
3 850 (14.77%) JavaScript
4 792 (13.76%) SQL
5 598 (10.39%) Bash
6 560 (9.73%) Go
7 535 (9.29%) C#
8 390 (6.78%) TypeScript
9 380 (6.60%) PowerShell
10 259 (4.50%) Scala
11 223 (3.87%) Ruby
12 221 (3.84%) Groovy
13 164 (2.85%) C++
14 125 (2.17%) C
15 122 (2.12%) Shell Script
16 87 (1.51%) Perl
17 82 (1.42%) Kotlin
18 74 (1.29%) Rust
19 63 (1.09%) PHP
20 38 (0.66%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 873 (15.17%) Security Cleared
2 768 (13.34%) SC Cleared
3 167 (2.90%) Degree
4 139 (2.41%) DV Cleared
5 129 (2.24%) AWS Certification
6 74 (1.29%) Computer Science Degree
7 42 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
8 28 (0.49%) CISSP
9 25 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
10 24 (0.42%) PhD
11 23 (0.40%) OCP
11 23 (0.40%) Oracle Certification
12 21 (0.36%) CISM
13 13 (0.23%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 13 (0.23%) RHCE
14 12 (0.21%) CCSK
15 11 (0.19%) HND
15 11 (0.19%) Master's Degree
16 10 (0.17%) CCSP
16 10 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 173 (3.01%) QA
2 31 (0.54%) Accessibility
2 31 (0.54%) GDPR
3 30 (0.52%) NCSC
4 20 (0.35%) Data Quality
5 19 (0.33%) NIST
6 13 (0.23%) SLA
7 11 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
8 7 (0.12%) HL7
8 7 (0.12%) OASIS TOSCA
9 6 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 3 (0.052%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.035%) Cyber Essentials
11 2 (0.035%) Dodd-Frank
11 2 (0.035%) EMIR
11 2 (0.035%) FATCA
11 2 (0.035%) MiFID
11 2 (0.035%) SEPA
12 1 (0.017%) DICOM
System Software
1 3,289 (57.14%) Docker
2 145 (2.52%) VMware Infrastructure
3 144 (2.50%) Active Directory
4 69 (1.20%) vSphere
5 60 (1.04%) Virtual Machines
6 31 (0.54%) vCloud
7 24 (0.42%) Ceph
7 24 (0.42%) KVM
8 22 (0.38%) NFS
8 22 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
9 18 (0.31%) VMware Workstation
10 17 (0.30%) VMware NSX
11 16 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
12 12 (0.21%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
12 12 (0.21%) Hyper-V
13 11 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 9 (0.16%) oVirt
15 7 (0.12%) etcd
16 6 (0.10%) HDFS
16 6 (0.10%) Xen
Systems Management
1 2,382 (41.38%) Terraform
2 1,312 (22.79%) Ansible
3 452 (7.85%) Prometheus
4 399 (6.93%) Grafana
5 375 (6.51%) Puppet
6 273 (4.74%) Opscode Chef
7 236 (4.10%) Istio
8 203 (3.53%) Packer
9 140 (2.43%) Consul
10 130 (2.26%) Kibana
11 103 (1.79%) Docker Swarm
12 88 (1.53%) Rancher
13 81 (1.41%) Argo
14 72 (1.25%) ZABBIX
15 55 (0.96%) HAProxy
16 46 (0.80%) Nagios
17 38 (0.66%) Graphite
17 38 (0.66%) Single Sign-On
18 34 (0.59%) linkerd
18 34 (0.59%) Podman
Vendors
1 503 (8.74%) Google
2 478 (8.30%) Microsoft
3 263 (4.57%) VMware
4 256 (4.45%) Oracle
5 231 (4.01%) Splunk
6 182 (3.16%) Red Hat
7 156 (2.71%) Databricks
8 112 (1.95%) IBM
9 100 (1.74%) Dynatrace
10 85 (1.48%) AppDynamics
11 69 (1.20%) Atlassian
12 63 (1.09%) MuleSoft
13 58 (1.01%) SAP
14 54 (0.94%) Cisco
15 51 (0.89%) ServiceNow
16 49 (0.85%) PagerDuty
17 47 (0.82%) New Relic
18 40 (0.69%) Cloudera
19 34 (0.59%) Sitecore
20 33 (0.57%) Pega