Period
to 16 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 16 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Google Kubernetes (K8s)
UK
6 months to
16 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 70 199 377
Rank change year-on-year +129 +178 +448
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 3,520 1,392 655
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.38% 1.36% 0.64%
As % of the Systems Management category 23.21% 11.46% 5.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,591 1,044 431
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £405
90th Percentile £688 £667 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £484 £475
% change year-on-year +3.31% +1.89% -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 0
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.43% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.33 - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 15,168 12,150 11,628
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.56% 11.84% 11.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,214 8,235 7,429
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +9.09%
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
90th Percentile £650 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +4.71% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 387 281 268
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £20.73
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -15.58% +4.96%
10th Percentile £12.25 £11.25 £12.68
90th Percentile £47.00 £47.50 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £16.30 £20.73
% change year-on-year +7.38% -21.38% +8.93%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 16 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 16 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +120 3,354 £550 +2.80% 861
London +84 2,434 £563 +2.27% 519
UK excluding London +187 1,051 £500 +3.31% 392
South East +132 322 £500 +3.31% 111
North of England +103 233 £478 -4.50% 114
South West +70 181 £550 +29.41% 46
North West +56 116 £500 -2.44% 61
Midlands +49 114 £469 -14.77% 41
Scotland +46 98 £500 +25.00% 31
Yorkshire +36 81 £450 -10.00% 46
West Midlands +23 73 £478 -13.18% 26
East of England +29 69 £525 +5.00% 30
East Midlands +37 40 £400 -23.81% 15
North East +29 40 £525 +29.23% 7
Wales +5 36 £509 +27.19% 9
Northern Ireland +26 4 £425 +13.33% 10

For the 6 months to 16 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,949 (83.78%) Docker
2 2,286 (64.94%) DevOps
3 1,771 (50.31%) Amazon AWS
4 1,444 (41.02%) Agile Software Development
5 1,300 (36.93%) Ansible
6 1,242 (35.28%) Java
7 1,226 (34.83%) Jenkins
8 1,182 (33.58%) Terraform
9 1,139 (32.36%) Python
10 1,112 (31.59%) Linux
11 994 (28.24%) Microservices
12 847 (24.06%) Microsoft Azure
13 800 (22.73%) Puppet
14 763 (21.68%) Git (software)
15 620 (17.61%) Continuous Integration
16 541 (15.37%) Finance
17 508 (14.43%) Opscode Chef
18 507 (14.40%) TDD
19 499 (14.18%) JavaScript
20 483 (13.72%) Scrum
21 434 (12.33%) Spring
21 434 (12.33%) Bash Shell
22 433 (12.30%) Configuration Management
23 420 (11.93%) Test Automation
24 413 (11.73%) Kafka
25 410 (11.65%) Google Cloud Platform
26 382 (10.85%) Continuous Delivery
27 373 (10.60%) Security Cleared
28 372 (10.57%) Node.js
29 361 (10.26%) REST

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 256 (7.27%) Elasticsearch
2 208 (5.91%) Confluence
3 163 (4.63%) Apache
4 137 (3.89%) Apache Spark
5 114 (3.24%) nginx
6 108 (3.07%) OpenStack
7 75 (2.13%) Tomcat
8 69 (1.96%) Apache Solr
8 69 (1.96%) Cloud Foundry
9 41 (1.16%) IIS
10 39 (1.11%) CMS
11 20 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 17 (0.48%) JBoss
13 15 (0.43%) WebSphere
13 15 (0.43%) WordPress
14 14 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 14 (0.40%) WebLogic
15 12 (0.34%) Oracle Coherence
16 10 (0.28%) Mule
17 9 (0.26%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 15 (0.43%) Photoshop
2 10 (0.28%) Fireworks
3 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.085%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.085%) HipChat
6 1 (0.028%) GIMP
6 1 (0.028%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.028%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 16 (0.45%) Distributed Ledger
2 9 (0.26%) Sentinel
3 8 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
4 5 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.057%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.028%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 1,771 (50.31%) Amazon AWS
2 847 (24.06%) Microsoft Azure
3 410 (11.65%) Google Cloud Platform
4 321 (9.12%) OpenShift
5 222 (6.31%) GitHub
6 213 (6.05%) PaaS
7 196 (5.57%) Amazon EC2
8 170 (4.83%) AWS CloudFormation
9 160 (4.55%) Serverless
10 146 (4.15%) Amazon S3
11 127 (3.61%) SaaS
12 116 (3.30%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 113 (3.21%) IaaS
14 86 (2.44%) Cloud Computing
15 79 (2.24%) AWS Lambda
16 70 (1.99%) Amazon ELB
17 61 (1.73%) Datadog
18 56 (1.59%) Route 53
19 50 (1.42%) npm
20 48 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 177 (5.03%) HTTP
2 143 (4.06%) Firewall
3 119 (3.38%) DNS
4 86 (2.44%) TCP/IP
5 61 (1.73%) SSL
6 52 (1.48%) Internet
6 52 (1.48%) VPN
7 43 (1.22%) SSH
8 30 (0.85%) FTP
9 26 (0.74%) OpenVPN
10 24 (0.68%) DSL
11 20 (0.57%) Kerberos
12 16 (0.45%) VLAN
13 15 (0.43%) HTTPS
13 15 (0.43%) SMTP
14 14 (0.40%) DHCP
15 13 (0.37%) BIG-IP
15 13 (0.37%) DMZ
16 12 (0.34%) Remote Desktop
17 11 (0.31%) OpenLDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 358 (10.17%) MongoDB
2 311 (8.84%) NoSQL
3 287 (8.15%) Apache Cassandra
4 279 (7.93%) PostgreSQL
5 238 (6.76%) Big Data
5 238 (6.76%) Hadoop
6 181 (5.14%) MySQL
7 165 (4.69%) SQL Server
8 157 (4.46%) Redis
9 119 (3.38%) Relational Database
10 105 (2.98%) Amazon RDS
11 57 (1.62%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 49 (1.39%) Blockchain
13 48 (1.36%) HBase
14 39 (1.11%) Apache Hive
15 36 (1.02%) RDBMS
16 31 (0.88%) Cosmos DB
17 30 (0.85%) Riak
18 22 (0.63%) Amazon Redshift
18 22 (0.63%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,226 (34.83%) Jenkins
2 763 (21.68%) Git (software)
3 304 (8.64%) JIRA
4 276 (7.84%) Maven
5 230 (6.53%) GitLab
6 159 (4.52%) SonarQube
7 155 (4.40%) Gradle
8 152 (4.32%) Selenium
9 148 (4.20%) Sonatype Nexus
10 137 (3.89%) Bitbucket
10 137 (3.89%) Cucumber
11 122 (3.47%) Artifactory
12 115 (3.27%) JUnit
13 114 (3.24%) TeamCity
14 108 (3.07%) Visual Studio Team System
15 101 (2.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 91 (2.59%) Octopus Deploy
17 75 (2.13%) Visual Studio
18 64 (1.82%) CircleCI
19 58 (1.65%) Subversion
General
1 541 (15.37%) Finance
2 286 (8.13%) Banking
3 89 (2.53%) Retail
4 55 (1.56%) Telecoms
5 45 (1.28%) Law
6 36 (1.02%) Games
7 30 (0.85%) Marketing
8 29 (0.82%) Financial Institution
8 29 (0.82%) Front Office
9 27 (0.77%) Investment Banking
10 20 (0.57%) Advertising
11 19 (0.54%) Publishing
12 15 (0.43%) Legal
13 14 (0.40%) Back Office
14 12 (0.34%) Billing
15 10 (0.28%) Electronics
15 10 (0.28%) Manufacturing
16 9 (0.26%) Retail Banking
17 6 (0.17%) Automotive
18 5 (0.14%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,388 (39.43%) DevOps Engineer
2 992 (28.18%) Developer
3 437 (12.41%) Java Developer
4 408 (11.59%) AWS DevOps
5 406 (11.53%) AWS Engineer
6 367 (10.43%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 284 (8.07%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 277 (7.87%) Architect
9 246 (6.99%) Senior Developer
10 173 (4.91%) Cloud Engineer
11 138 (3.92%) Senior DevOps
12 134 (3.81%) Consultant
13 128 (3.64%) Azure DevOps
14 127 (3.61%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 120 (3.41%) Azure Engineer
15 120 (3.41%) Senior Java Developer
16 119 (3.38%) .NET Developer
17 98 (2.78%) Java Engineer
18 95 (2.70%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 93 (2.64%) DevOps Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 434 (12.33%) Spring
2 413 (11.73%) Kafka
3 372 (10.57%) Node.js
4 361 (10.26%) REST
5 324 (9.20%) Web Services
6 315 (8.95%) Spring Boot
7 291 (8.27%) .NET
8 273 (7.76%) React
9 215 (6.11%) RESTful
10 200 (5.68%) HTML
11 199 (5.65%) AngularJS
12 197 (5.60%) Elastic Stack
13 162 (4.60%) CSS
14 145 (4.12%) .NET Core
15 119 (3.38%) RabbitMQ
16 109 (3.10%) HTML5
17 104 (2.95%) JSON
18 92 (2.61%) ASP.NET Web API
19 88 (2.50%) Redux
20 82 (2.33%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 317 (9.01%) Greenfield Project
2 136 (3.86%) Public Cloud
3 135 (3.84%) Fintech
4 91 (2.59%) Analytical Skills
5 85 (2.41%) Cloud Native
6 79 (2.24%) Data Centre
7 74 (2.10%) iPad
7 74 (2.10%) Linux Command Line
8 66 (1.88%) User Experience
9 65 (1.85%) Hybrid Cloud
9 65 (1.85%) Mobile App
10 48 (1.36%) Data Structures
11 46 (1.31%) Algorithms
12 43 (1.22%) Self-Motivation
13 40 (1.14%) Management Information System
14 37 (1.05%) PKI
15 30 (0.85%) Enterprise Software
16 26 (0.74%) Device Driver
17 22 (0.63%) Clustering
18 19 (0.54%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,112 (31.59%) Linux
2 293 (8.32%) Windows
3 235 (6.68%) Unix
4 219 (6.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 173 (4.91%) CentOS
6 96 (2.73%) Ubuntu
7 77 (2.19%) Windows Server
8 47 (1.34%) CoreOS
9 40 (1.14%) Apple iOS
10 37 (1.05%) Android
11 18 (0.51%) DC/OS
11 18 (0.51%) Solaris
12 16 (0.45%) Debian
13 14 (0.40%) Mesosphere
14 11 (0.31%) VMS
15 10 (0.28%) Windows Server 2008
16 8 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
17 5 (0.14%) AIX
18 3 (0.085%) Mac OS X
19 2 (0.057%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,286 (64.94%) DevOps
2 1,444 (41.02%) Agile Software Development
3 994 (28.24%) Microservices
4 620 (17.61%) Continuous Integration
5 507 (14.40%) TDD
6 483 (13.72%) Scrum
7 433 (12.30%) Configuration Management
8 420 (11.93%) Test Automation
9 382 (10.85%) Continuous Delivery
10 351 (9.97%) Open Source
11 293 (8.32%) Software Engineering
12 280 (7.95%) BDD
13 248 (7.05%) Kanban
14 200 (5.68%) Migration
15 188 (5.34%) E-Commerce
16 176 (5.00%) Problem-Solving
17 152 (4.32%) OO
18 145 (4.12%) Analytics
19 127 (3.61%) Mentoring
20 125 (3.55%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 1,242 (35.28%) Java
2 1,139 (32.36%) Python
3 499 (14.18%) JavaScript
4 434 (12.33%) Bash Shell
5 354 (10.06%) SQL
6 330 (9.38%) Go
7 318 (9.03%) Java 8
8 314 (8.92%) Ruby
9 263 (7.47%) C#
10 257 (7.30%) Groovy
11 224 (6.36%) Scala
12 194 (5.51%) PowerShell
13 159 (4.52%) Perl
14 84 (2.39%) C++
15 77 (2.19%) Shell Script
16 69 (1.96%) PHP
17 45 (1.28%) C
17 45 (1.28%) ES6
18 43 (1.22%) Kotlin
19 41 (1.16%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 373 (10.60%) Security Cleared
2 281 (7.98%) SC Cleared
3 80 (2.27%) Degree
4 44 (1.25%) AWS Certification
5 36 (1.02%) Computer Science Degree
6 24 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
7 13 (0.37%) CISSP
7 13 (0.37%) DV Cleared
8 12 (0.34%) RHCE
9 10 (0.28%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.23%) CISMP
10 8 (0.23%) DBS Check
10 8 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 6 (0.17%) Master's Degree
12 5 (0.14%) CESG Certified Professional
12 5 (0.14%) CISM
13 3 (0.085%) CCA
13 3 (0.085%) CTC Cleared
13 3 (0.085%) Numerate Degree
14 2 (0.057%) ISO 27001 Lead Implementer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (2.22%) QA
2 14 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 12 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
4 11 (0.31%) WCAG
5 8 (0.23%) GDPR
5 8 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 6 (0.17%) PSD2
7 4 (0.11%) PMO
8 2 (0.057%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.057%) HL7
8 2 (0.057%) SLA
9 1 (0.028%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.028%) Solvency II
System Software
1 2,949 (83.78%) Docker
2 82 (2.33%) Active Directory
3 79 (2.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 65 (1.85%) Virtual Machines
5 35 (0.99%) NFS
6 30 (0.85%) Xen
7 26 (0.74%) HDFS
8 23 (0.65%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 23 (0.65%) Hyper-V
9 22 (0.63%) etcd
10 21 (0.60%) flannel
11 15 (0.43%) Ceph
11 15 (0.43%) KVM
12 14 (0.40%) vCloud
12 14 (0.40%) VirtualBox
13 13 (0.37%) SkyDNS
13 13 (0.37%) Squid
14 12 (0.34%) GlusterFS
15 11 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
16 10 (0.28%) oVirt
Systems Management
1 1,300 (36.93%) Ansible
2 1,182 (33.58%) Terraform
3 800 (22.73%) Puppet
4 508 (14.43%) Opscode Chef
5 187 (5.31%) Prometheus
6 155 (4.40%) Packer
7 142 (4.03%) Grafana
8 134 (3.81%) Docker Swarm
8 134 (3.81%) Mesos
9 122 (3.47%) Rancher
10 93 (2.64%) Nagios
11 77 (2.19%) Kibana
12 76 (2.16%) Consul
13 71 (2.02%) Salt
14 59 (1.68%) logstash
15 53 (1.51%) Sysdig
16 47 (1.34%) ZABBIX
17 37 (1.05%) Graphite
18 34 (0.97%) HAProxy
19 31 (0.88%) Istio
Vendors
1 354 (10.06%) Google
2 222 (6.31%) Microsoft
3 202 (5.74%) Red Hat
4 174 (4.94%) Oracle
5 167 (4.74%) Splunk
6 136 (3.86%) Atlassian
7 131 (3.72%) VMware
8 81 (2.30%) New Relic
9 73 (2.07%) AppDynamics
10 48 (1.36%) Black Duck
11 45 (1.28%) IBM
12 36 (1.02%) SaltStack
13 29 (0.82%) NetApp
14 27 (0.77%) Adobe
15 25 (0.71%) ServiceNow
16 23 (0.65%) Cloudera
16 23 (0.65%) SAP
17 19 (0.54%) Dynatrace
17 19 (0.54%) hybris
17 19 (0.54%) Micro Focus