Period
to 29 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 47 57 162
Rank change year-on-year +10 +105 +190
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,799 3,848 1,729
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.44% 3.95% 1.70%
As % of the Systems Management category 30.94% 26.90% 13.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,105 2,938 1,283
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £413 £425 £419
90th Percentile £697 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 4 4
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -6.67% -28.57%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £38.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year -9.68% -3.13% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 9,047 14,307 12,908
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.34% 14.70% 12.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,907 9,564 8,677
Median daily rate £500 £500 £483
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.63% +7.22%
10th Percentile £263 £310 £270
90th Percentile £663 £663 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 307 351 277
Median hourly rate £20.00 £18.70 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.95% +6.86% -12.50%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.00 £11.57
90th Percentile £48.34 £48.75 £47.83
Median hourly rate £18.50 £17.50 £15.50
% change year-on-year +5.71% +12.90% -18.42%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 2,640 £550 - 1,067
London +9 1,709 £575 +1.77% 612
UK excluding London +34 1,036 £500 -4.76% 514
North of England +45 348 £525 - 143
South East +25 237 £500 -3.85% 142
South West -15 161 £550 - 35
North West +35 154 £531 -3.41% 83
Work from Home +17 112 £525 - 71
Yorkshire +60 106 £525 +16.67% 45
Midlands +18 100 £450 -10.89% 67
North East +28 87 £436 -12.75% 15
Wales +25 71 £500 -9.09% 19
East of England +64 70 £475 -14.22% 67
Scotland +17 56 £500 -4.76% 38
East Midlands +26 52 £425 -19.05% 18
West Midlands +9 46 £500 - 49

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,990 (71.10%) Docker
2 1,704 (60.88%) DevOps
3 1,345 (48.05%) AWS
4 1,103 (39.41%) Agile Software Development
5 1,090 (38.94%) Terraform
6 1,010 (36.08%) Python
7 938 (33.51%) Azure
8 884 (31.58%) Java
9 833 (29.76%) Microservices
10 795 (28.40%) Ansible
11 771 (27.55%) Jenkins
12 650 (23.22%) Linux
13 565 (20.19%) GCP
14 517 (18.47%) Git (software)
15 440 (15.72%) Finance
16 410 (14.65%) JavaScript
17 378 (13.50%) Node.js
18 376 (13.43%) Software Engineering
19 375 (13.40%) Security Cleared
20 366 (13.08%) Continuous Integration
21 361 (12.90%) OpenShift
22 359 (12.83%) SQL
23 355 (12.68%) Infrastructure as Code
24 349 (12.47%) Puppet
25 322 (11.50%) Google
26 318 (11.36%) SC Cleared
27 313 (11.18%) Test Automation
28 309 (11.04%) C#
29 308 (11.00%) Web Services
30 305 (10.90%) Spring

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 169 (6.04%) Elasticsearch
2 142 (5.07%) Confluence
3 122 (4.36%) Apache Spark
4 82 (2.93%) nginx
5 66 (2.36%) Apache
6 54 (1.93%) Cloud Foundry
7 34 (1.21%) Tomcat
8 32 (1.14%) OpenStack
9 25 (0.89%) Apache Airflow
10 24 (0.86%) Camunda
11 22 (0.79%) IIS
12 20 (0.71%) SAS
13 14 (0.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 13 (0.46%) CMS
15 9 (0.32%) Red Hat Fuse
15 9 (0.32%) WebLogic
16 6 (0.21%) JBoss
16 6 (0.21%) Umbraco
16 6 (0.21%) WebSphere
17 5 (0.18%) GemFire
Applications
1 10 (0.36%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.071%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.036%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.036%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 10 (0.36%) Payment Gateway
2 6 (0.21%) NetSuite
3 3 (0.11%) Eikon
3 3 (0.11%) Magento
3 3 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.071%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.071%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.071%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.071%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 1 (0.036%) Actimize
5 1 (0.036%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.036%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.036%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.036%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 1,345 (48.05%) AWS
2 938 (33.51%) Azure
3 565 (20.19%) GCP
4 361 (12.90%) OpenShift
5 291 (10.40%) Serverless
6 233 (8.32%) AWS CloudFormation
7 204 (7.29%) Amazon EC2
8 190 (6.79%) AWS Lambda
9 187 (6.68%) Amazon S3
10 182 (6.50%) GitHub
11 152 (5.43%) PaaS
12 149 (5.32%) Amazon ECS
13 126 (4.50%) SaaS
14 103 (3.68%) IaaS
15 85 (3.04%) Amazon SQS
16 79 (2.82%) Amazon EKS
17 73 (2.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 47 (1.68%) npm
18 47 (1.68%) Route 53
19 44 (1.57%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 78 (2.79%) HTTP
2 72 (2.57%) TCP/IP
3 63 (2.25%) DNS
4 51 (1.82%) Firewall
5 31 (1.11%) VPN
6 28 (1.00%) DHCP
7 27 (0.96%) SSL
8 15 (0.54%) Internet
9 12 (0.43%) DSL
9 12 (0.43%) FTP
9 12 (0.43%) WAN
10 11 (0.39%) HTTPS
10 11 (0.39%) Kerberos
11 9 (0.32%) LAN
12 7 (0.25%) BGP
13 6 (0.21%) AMQP
13 6 (0.21%) MPLS
14 5 (0.18%) Network Security
14 5 (0.18%) OSPF
14 5 (0.18%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 214 (7.65%) NoSQL
2 202 (7.22%) Big Data
3 165 (5.89%) MongoDB
4 161 (5.75%) PostgreSQL
5 157 (5.61%) MySQL
6 139 (4.97%) SQL Server
7 132 (4.72%) Amazon RDS
8 117 (4.18%) Hadoop
9 108 (3.86%) Relational Database
10 95 (3.39%) Amazon Redshift
11 81 (2.89%) Redis
12 72 (2.57%) Apache Cassandra
13 51 (1.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 51 (1.82%) BigQuery
14 41 (1.46%) Data Lake
15 35 (1.25%) Flink
16 31 (1.11%) Apache Hive
17 29 (1.04%) MariaDB
18 26 (0.93%) Amazon Athena
18 26 (0.93%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 771 (27.55%) Jenkins
2 517 (18.47%) Git (software)
3 241 (8.61%) JIRA
4 166 (5.93%) GitLab
5 160 (5.72%) Artifactory
6 141 (5.04%) Maven
7 135 (4.82%) CircleCI
8 89 (3.18%) Cucumber
9 87 (3.11%) TeamCity
10 76 (2.72%) Selenium
11 75 (2.68%) Travis CI
12 74 (2.64%) Gradle
13 63 (2.25%) Bitbucket
14 53 (1.89%) RStudio
14 53 (1.89%) SonarQube
14 53 (1.89%) webpack
15 50 (1.79%) Octopus Deploy
15 50 (1.79%) Sonatype Nexus
15 50 (1.79%) Visual Studio Team System
16 45 (1.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 440 (15.72%) Finance
2 214 (7.65%) Banking
3 188 (6.72%) Public Sector
4 108 (3.86%) Front Office
5 59 (2.11%) Retail
6 44 (1.57%) Investment Banking
7 40 (1.43%) Telecoms
8 21 (0.75%) Games
9 20 (0.71%) Publishing
10 17 (0.61%) Law
11 14 (0.50%) Financial Institution
12 11 (0.39%) Manufacturing
12 11 (0.39%) Marketing
13 9 (0.32%) Automotive
14 8 (0.29%) Back Office
15 7 (0.25%) Legal
16 6 (0.21%) Advertising
16 6 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.18%) Retail Banking
18 4 (0.14%) Billing
Job Titles
1 942 (33.65%) DevOps Engineer
2 841 (30.05%) Developer
3 325 (11.61%) AWS Engineer
4 322 (11.50%) Java Developer
5 255 (9.11%) AWS DevOps
6 217 (7.75%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 185 (6.61%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 174 (6.22%) Architect
9 143 (5.11%) Senior DevOps
10 140 (5.00%) Azure Engineer
11 136 (4.86%) Senior Developer
12 134 (4.79%) Cloud Engineer
13 128 (4.57%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 117 (4.18%) Azure DevOps Engineer
15 111 (3.97%) Python Engineer
16 108 (3.86%) Data Engineer
17 105 (3.75%) AWS Developer
17 105 (3.75%) Software Engineer
18 89 (3.18%) Platform Engineer
19 88 (3.14%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 378 (13.50%) Node.js
2 308 (11.00%) Web Services
3 305 (10.90%) Spring
4 281 (10.04%) .NET
5 278 (9.93%) React
6 263 (9.40%) Kafka
7 240 (8.57%) Spring Boot
8 236 (8.43%) REST
9 171 (6.11%) AngularJS
10 136 (4.86%) CSS
11 122 (4.36%) HTML
12 117 (4.18%) Elastic Stack
13 115 (4.11%) .NET Core
14 114 (4.07%) Redux
15 105 (3.75%) RESTful
16 97 (3.47%) GraphQL
17 72 (2.57%) J2EE
18 64 (2.29%) JSON
19 61 (2.18%) Jest
20 57 (2.04%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 241 (8.61%) Greenfield Project
2 145 (5.18%) Public Cloud
3 128 (4.57%) Cloud Native
4 105 (3.75%) Analytical Skills
5 101 (3.61%) User Experience
6 84 (3.00%) Data Centre
7 83 (2.97%) Fixed Income
8 65 (2.32%) Derivative
9 63 (2.25%) Equities
10 61 (2.18%) Linux Command Line
11 50 (1.79%) Algorithms
12 48 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
13 47 (1.68%) Mobile App
14 45 (1.61%) Hybrid Cloud
15 43 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
16 38 (1.36%) Data Structures
17 28 (1.00%) Private Cloud
17 28 (1.00%) Virtual Team
18 22 (0.79%) Semantic Web
19 21 (0.75%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 650 (23.22%) Linux
2 187 (6.68%) Windows
3 122 (4.36%) Unix
4 93 (3.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 58 (2.07%) CentOS
6 41 (1.46%) Windows Server
7 33 (1.18%) Ubuntu
8 31 (1.11%) Android
9 28 (1.00%) CoreOS
10 25 (0.89%) Mac OS X
11 23 (0.82%) Apple iOS
12 9 (0.32%) VMS
12 9 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
13 8 (0.29%) Solaris
14 7 (0.25%) Windows Server 2016
15 6 (0.21%) DC/OS
15 6 (0.21%) Debian
16 3 (0.11%) Windows 10
16 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
16 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,704 (60.88%) DevOps
2 1,103 (39.41%) Agile Software Development
3 833 (29.76%) Microservices
4 376 (13.43%) Software Engineering
5 366 (13.08%) Continuous Integration
6 355 (12.68%) Infrastructure as Code
7 313 (11.18%) Test Automation
8 277 (9.90%) TDD
9 276 (9.86%) Scrum
10 259 (9.25%) Open Source
11 245 (8.75%) Configuration Management
12 233 (8.32%) Migration
13 209 (7.47%) Continuous Delivery
14 161 (5.75%) BDD
15 153 (5.47%) Kanban
16 139 (4.97%) Mentoring
17 129 (4.61%) Deployment Automation
18 126 (4.50%) Fintech
19 115 (4.11%) Asset Management
20 113 (4.04%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 1,010 (36.08%) Python
2 884 (31.58%) Java
3 410 (14.65%) JavaScript
4 359 (12.83%) SQL
5 309 (11.04%) C#
6 251 (8.97%) Bash Shell
7 214 (7.65%) PowerShell
8 203 (7.25%) Go
9 180 (6.43%) TypeScript
10 176 (6.29%) Ruby
11 174 (6.22%) Java 8
12 98 (3.50%) R
13 97 (3.47%) Groovy
14 86 (3.07%) Perl
15 84 (3.00%) Scala
16 77 (2.75%) Shell Script
17 65 (2.32%) PHP
18 54 (1.93%) ES6
19 49 (1.75%) C++
20 41 (1.46%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 375 (13.40%) Security Cleared
2 318 (11.36%) SC Cleared
3 105 (3.75%) Degree
4 38 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 30 (1.07%) BPSS Clearance
6 29 (1.04%) AWS Certification
7 23 (0.82%) Microsoft Certification
8 17 (0.61%) CCA
8 17 (0.61%) DBS Check
9 15 (0.54%) MCSA
10 9 (0.32%) CISSP
10 9 (0.32%) DV Cleared
10 9 (0.32%) SANS
11 8 (0.29%) MCSE
12 7 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
13 6 (0.21%) CCNA
13 6 (0.21%) Master's Degree
14 5 (0.18%) GIAC
14 5 (0.18%) ISTQB
15 4 (0.14%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 66 (2.36%) QA
2 9 (0.32%) NCSC
3 8 (0.29%) SLA
4 7 (0.25%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
5 5 (0.18%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.14%) PMO
6 4 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.11%) NIST
8 2 (0.071%) COBIT
System Software
1 1,990 (71.10%) Docker
2 49 (1.75%) Active Directory
3 43 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
4 35 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
5 27 (0.96%) vSphere
6 16 (0.57%) LXC
6 16 (0.57%) NFS
7 13 (0.46%) HDFS
8 10 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 7 (0.25%) VirtualBox
10 6 (0.21%) Hyper-V
11 5 (0.18%) GlusterFS
12 4 (0.14%) Gluster
12 4 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
13 3 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
13 3 (0.11%) VMware NSX
13 3 (0.11%) Xen
14 2 (0.071%) Oracle RAC
14 2 (0.071%) Samba
14 2 (0.071%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,090 (38.94%) Terraform
2 795 (28.40%) Ansible
3 349 (12.47%) Puppet
4 250 (8.93%) Opscode Chef
5 105 (3.75%) Packer
6 91 (3.25%) Prometheus
7 83 (2.97%) Docker Swarm
8 60 (2.14%) Istio
9 58 (2.07%) Grafana
10 57 (2.04%) Kibana
11 56 (2.00%) Salt
12 39 (1.39%) Rancher
13 27 (0.96%) Nagios
14 26 (0.93%) Consul
15 20 (0.71%) logstash
16 18 (0.64%) Kubeflow
17 17 (0.61%) Mesos
18 11 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
19 10 (0.36%) HAProxy
19 10 (0.36%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 322 (11.50%) Google
2 189 (6.75%) Microsoft
3 88 (3.14%) Red Hat
4 78 (2.79%) Splunk
5 68 (2.43%) Oracle
6 63 (2.25%) VMware
7 57 (2.04%) Atlassian
8 55 (1.96%) Cloudera
9 54 (1.93%) Hortonworks
10 38 (1.36%) IBM
11 31 (1.11%) New Relic
12 24 (0.86%) Confluent
13 20 (0.71%) MuleSoft
14 19 (0.68%) TIBCO
15 18 (0.64%) Tableau
16 15 (0.54%) ServiceNow
17 14 (0.50%) Databricks
17 14 (0.50%) Veracode
18 13 (0.46%) SAP
19 12 (0.43%) Cisco