Period
to 15 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 15 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Google Kubernetes (K8s)
UK
6 months to
15 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 85 218 423
Rank change year-on-year +133 +205 +440
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,980 1,208 589
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.89% 1.23% 0.56%
As % of the Systems Management category 20.66% 10.65% 4.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,170 890 401
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £413 £400
90th Percentile £688 £656 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £484 £500
% change year-on-year +3.31% -3.20% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 0
UK median hourly rate £60.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 14,422 11,339 12,252
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.99% 11.52% 11.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,700 7,530 7,798
UK median daily rate £495 £465 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.51% +8.14% +7.50%
10th Percentile £295 £263 £263
90th Percentile £650 £613 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £413 £390
% change year-on-year +4.24% +5.77% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 392 268 279
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -30.00% +23.85%
10th Percentile £12.00 £10.75 £13.00
90th Percentile £47.00 £47.50 £45.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £16.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year +9.38% -40.74% +28.57%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 15 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 15 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +125 2,819 £550 +4.76% 838
London +80 2,039 £550 - 516
UK excluding London +191 914 £500 +3.31% 358
South East +111 265 £500 +3.31% 80
North of England +114 225 £450 -10.00% 95
South West +71 149 £525 +25.00% 44
North West +55 107 £487 -9.07% 63
Scotland +34 106 £500 +14.29% 26
Yorkshire +38 77 £450 -10.00% 22
Midlands +1 75 £438 -20.45% 50
East of England +43 64 £525 -4.55% 52
North East - 44 £500 - 10
East Midlands +16 38 £400 -20.00% 12
West Midlands -6 36 £450 -18.18% 38
Wales - 32 £500 - 9
Northern Ireland +28 3 £500 +33.33% 2

For the 6 months to 15 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,511 (84.26%) Docker
2 1,956 (65.64%) DevOps
3 1,527 (51.24%) Amazon AWS
4 1,337 (44.87%) Agile Software Development
5 1,144 (38.39%) Ansible
6 1,104 (37.05%) Jenkins
7 1,070 (35.91%) Java
8 1,029 (34.53%) Linux
9 1,023 (34.33%) Python
10 963 (32.32%) Terraform
11 799 (26.81%) Puppet
12 752 (25.23%) Microservices
13 729 (24.46%) Git (software)
14 644 (21.61%) Microsoft Azure
15 573 (19.23%) Continuous Integration
16 511 (17.15%) TDD
17 488 (16.38%) Opscode Chef
18 481 (16.14%) Scrum
19 446 (14.97%) Bash Shell
20 431 (14.46%) Finance
21 422 (14.16%) Configuration Management
22 416 (13.96%) JavaScript
23 385 (12.92%) Test Automation
24 380 (12.75%) Spring
25 371 (12.45%) Continuous Delivery
26 355 (11.91%) Google Cloud Platform
27 350 (11.74%) Kafka
28 347 (11.64%) Open Source
28 347 (11.64%) Node.js
29 343 (11.51%) REST

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 205 (6.88%) Elasticsearch
2 178 (5.97%) Apache
3 168 (5.64%) Confluence
4 137 (4.60%) Apache Spark
5 102 (3.42%) OpenStack
6 99 (3.32%) nginx
7 86 (2.89%) Cloud Foundry
8 64 (2.15%) Apache Solr
9 59 (1.98%) Tomcat
10 26 (0.87%) IIS
11 19 (0.64%) WordPress
12 18 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 17 (0.57%) CMS
14 13 (0.44%) Mule
14 13 (0.44%) WebSphere
15 12 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 11 (0.37%) JBoss
17 10 (0.34%) Apache Pig
18 7 (0.23%) Oracle Coherence
18 7 (0.23%) WebLogic
Applications
1 12 (0.40%) Photoshop
2 10 (0.34%) Fireworks
3 6 (0.20%) HipChat
4 5 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
5 4 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.067%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.034%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 20 (0.67%) Distributed Ledger
2 9 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
3 5 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
4 3 (0.10%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.034%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.034%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 1,527 (51.24%) Amazon AWS
2 644 (21.61%) Microsoft Azure
3 355 (11.91%) Google Cloud Platform
4 269 (9.03%) OpenShift
5 184 (6.17%) Amazon EC2
6 183 (6.14%) GitHub
7 175 (5.87%) PaaS
8 146 (4.90%) AWS CloudFormation
9 120 (4.03%) Serverless
10 118 (3.96%) Amazon S3
11 109 (3.66%) SaaS
12 105 (3.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 90 (3.02%) IaaS
14 80 (2.68%) Cloud Computing
15 75 (2.52%) AWS Lambda
16 65 (2.18%) npm
17 63 (2.11%) Amazon ELB
18 57 (1.91%) Datadog
19 50 (1.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 43 (1.44%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 170 (5.70%) HTTP
2 138 (4.63%) Firewall
3 132 (4.43%) DNS
4 102 (3.42%) TCP/IP
5 71 (2.38%) SSL
6 49 (1.64%) Internet
6 49 (1.64%) VPN
7 32 (1.07%) SSH
8 24 (0.81%) Kerberos
8 24 (0.81%) OpenVPN
9 23 (0.77%) FTP
10 20 (0.67%) Intrusion Detection
11 15 (0.50%) DHCP
11 15 (0.50%) OpenLDAP
12 14 (0.47%) SMTP
13 12 (0.40%) Remote Desktop
13 12 (0.40%) WAN
14 11 (0.37%) HTTPS
14 11 (0.37%) Software-Defined Networking
15 10 (0.34%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 308 (10.34%) MongoDB
2 297 (9.97%) NoSQL
3 246 (8.26%) PostgreSQL
4 239 (8.02%) Apache Cassandra
5 219 (7.35%) Big Data
6 200 (6.71%) Hadoop
7 190 (6.38%) MySQL
8 124 (4.16%) Redis
9 123 (4.13%) SQL Server
10 95 (3.19%) Relational Database
11 90 (3.02%) Amazon RDS
12 56 (1.88%) HBase
13 50 (1.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 46 (1.54%) Amazon Redshift
15 45 (1.51%) Blockchain
16 35 (1.17%) Apache Hive
17 33 (1.11%) RDBMS
18 27 (0.91%) Neo4j
19 26 (0.87%) Data Warehouse
20 24 (0.81%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 1,104 (37.05%) Jenkins
2 729 (24.46%) Git (software)
3 267 (8.96%) Maven
4 243 (8.15%) JIRA
5 189 (6.34%) GitLab
6 167 (5.60%) Sonatype Nexus
7 154 (5.17%) SonarQube
8 151 (5.07%) Bitbucket
9 142 (4.77%) Artifactory
10 131 (4.40%) Cucumber
10 131 (4.40%) Gradle
11 123 (4.13%) TeamCity
12 114 (3.83%) Selenium
13 110 (3.69%) JUnit
14 99 (3.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 74 (2.48%) Vagrant
16 73 (2.45%) Visual Studio Team System
17 65 (2.18%) Octopus Deploy
18 59 (1.98%) JMeter
19 57 (1.91%) Visual Studio
General
1 431 (14.46%) Finance
2 239 (8.02%) Banking
3 81 (2.72%) Retail
4 78 (2.62%) Telecoms
5 36 (1.21%) Financial Institution
6 34 (1.14%) Law
6 34 (1.14%) Marketing
7 25 (0.84%) Games
8 23 (0.77%) Investment Banking
8 23 (0.77%) Publishing
9 15 (0.50%) Advertising
9 15 (0.50%) Front Office
10 11 (0.37%) Billing
10 11 (0.37%) Legal
11 8 (0.27%) Manufacturing
12 7 (0.23%) Electronics
13 4 (0.13%) Back Office
13 4 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.10%) Automotive
14 3 (0.10%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,225 (41.11%) DevOps Engineer
2 809 (27.15%) Developer
3 378 (12.68%) Java Developer
4 350 (11.74%) AWS DevOps
5 340 (11.41%) AWS Engineer
6 316 (10.60%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 253 (8.49%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 201 (6.74%) Architect
9 181 (6.07%) Senior Developer
10 141 (4.73%) Cloud Engineer
11 140 (4.70%) Senior DevOps
12 130 (4.36%) Consultant
12 130 (4.36%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 100 (3.36%) Senior Java Developer
14 95 (3.19%) .NET Developer
15 91 (3.05%) DevOps Consultant
16 84 (2.82%) Azure Engineer
17 81 (2.72%) Java Engineer
18 80 (2.68%) Azure DevOps
19 68 (2.28%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 380 (12.75%) Spring
2 350 (11.74%) Kafka
3 347 (11.64%) Node.js
4 343 (11.51%) REST
5 273 (9.16%) Web Services
6 251 (8.42%) Spring Boot
7 228 (7.65%) React
8 220 (7.38%) .NET
9 195 (6.54%) Elastic Stack
10 176 (5.91%) RESTful
11 175 (5.87%) HTML
12 162 (5.44%) AngularJS
13 136 (4.56%) CSS
14 115 (3.86%) RabbitMQ
15 100 (3.36%) .NET Core
16 97 (3.26%) HTML5
17 83 (2.79%) ASP.NET Web API
18 72 (2.42%) SOAP
19 71 (2.38%) JSON
20 65 (2.18%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 255 (8.56%) Greenfield Project
2 127 (4.26%) Public Cloud
3 110 (3.69%) Fintech
4 86 (2.89%) Data Centre
5 83 (2.79%) Linux Command Line
6 82 (2.75%) Analytical Skills
7 81 (2.72%) iPad
8 66 (2.21%) User Experience
9 60 (2.01%) Computer Science
10 56 (1.88%) Mobile App
11 53 (1.78%) Cloud Native
12 51 (1.71%) Algorithms
13 43 (1.44%) Data Structures
13 43 (1.44%) PKI
14 41 (1.38%) Self-Motivation
15 32 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
15 32 (1.07%) Hybrid Cloud
16 25 (0.84%) Device Driver
17 22 (0.74%) Replication
18 21 (0.70%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 1,029 (34.53%) Linux
2 248 (8.32%) Unix
3 245 (8.22%) Windows
4 194 (6.51%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 187 (6.28%) CentOS
6 93 (3.12%) Ubuntu
7 63 (2.11%) CoreOS
8 54 (1.81%) Windows Server
9 36 (1.21%) Android
9 36 (1.21%) Apple iOS
10 24 (0.81%) DC/OS
11 21 (0.70%) Solaris
12 19 (0.64%) Debian
13 13 (0.44%) VMS
14 11 (0.37%) Mesosphere
15 10 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
16 8 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
17 5 (0.17%) AIX
18 3 (0.10%) Amazon Linux
18 3 (0.10%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,956 (65.64%) DevOps
2 1,337 (44.87%) Agile Software Development
3 752 (25.23%) Microservices
4 573 (19.23%) Continuous Integration
5 511 (17.15%) TDD
6 481 (16.14%) Scrum
7 422 (14.16%) Configuration Management
8 385 (12.92%) Test Automation
9 371 (12.45%) Continuous Delivery
10 347 (11.64%) Open Source
11 294 (9.87%) BDD
12 264 (8.86%) Software Engineering
13 236 (7.92%) Kanban
14 192 (6.44%) E-Commerce
15 181 (6.07%) Migration
16 170 (5.70%) Problem-Solving
17 144 (4.83%) Mentoring
18 134 (4.50%) OO
19 131 (4.40%) High Availability
20 117 (3.93%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 1,070 (35.91%) Java
2 1,023 (34.33%) Python
3 446 (14.97%) Bash Shell
4 416 (13.96%) JavaScript
5 327 (10.97%) Ruby
6 284 (9.53%) Groovy
7 279 (9.36%) Java 8
8 268 (8.99%) Go
9 264 (8.86%) SQL
10 228 (7.65%) Scala
11 206 (6.91%) C#
12 149 (5.00%) PowerShell
13 147 (4.93%) Perl
14 105 (3.52%) Shell Script
15 93 (3.12%) C++
16 58 (1.95%) PHP
17 40 (1.34%) C
18 39 (1.31%) ES6
19 35 (1.17%) TypeScript
20 29 (0.97%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 316 (10.60%) Security Cleared
2 239 (8.02%) SC Cleared
3 73 (2.45%) Degree
4 31 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (0.97%) AWS Certification
6 17 (0.57%) CISSP
7 14 (0.47%) CISMP
8 13 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
9 11 (0.37%) CESG Certified Professional
9 11 (0.37%) DV Cleared
10 10 (0.34%) ISTQB
10 10 (0.34%) RHCE
11 8 (0.27%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 8 (0.27%) Master's Degree
12 4 (0.13%) DBS Check
12 4 (0.13%) Sun Certification
12 4 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
13 3 (0.10%) CISM
13 3 (0.10%) PMI Certification
13 3 (0.10%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (2.45%) QA
2 14 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 10 (0.34%) PMO
4 9 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (0.20%) GDPR
5 6 (0.20%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.13%) WCAG
7 2 (0.067%) Cyber Essentials
7 2 (0.067%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.067%) HL7
7 2 (0.067%) PSD2
System Software
1 2,511 (84.26%) Docker
2 61 (2.05%) Virtual Machines
2 61 (2.05%) VMware Infrastructure
3 57 (1.91%) Active Directory
4 32 (1.07%) etcd
4 32 (1.07%) flannel
5 26 (0.87%) HDFS
6 25 (0.84%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 21 (0.70%) Hyper-V
7 21 (0.70%) NFS
8 18 (0.60%) Ceph
9 17 (0.57%) VirtualBox
10 14 (0.47%) oVirt
10 14 (0.47%) RHEV
10 14 (0.47%) vCloud
10 14 (0.47%) Xen
11 13 (0.44%) KVM
11 13 (0.44%) SkyDNS
12 12 (0.40%) GlusterFS
12 12 (0.40%) Squid
Systems Management
1 1,144 (38.39%) Ansible
2 963 (32.32%) Terraform
3 799 (26.81%) Puppet
4 488 (16.38%) Opscode Chef
5 153 (5.13%) Prometheus
6 149 (5.00%) Mesos
7 145 (4.87%) Packer
8 122 (4.09%) Grafana
9 104 (3.49%) Docker Swarm
10 102 (3.42%) Nagios
10 102 (3.42%) Rancher
11 81 (2.72%) Consul
12 71 (2.38%) Kibana
13 64 (2.15%) logstash
13 64 (2.15%) Salt
14 60 (2.01%) ZABBIX
15 49 (1.64%) Sysdig
16 42 (1.41%) HAProxy
17 32 (1.07%) rkt
18 24 (0.81%) Graphite
Vendors
1 281 (9.43%) Google
2 182 (6.11%) Microsoft
3 179 (6.01%) Red Hat
4 156 (5.23%) Splunk
5 123 (4.13%) Oracle
6 98 (3.29%) VMware
7 85 (2.85%) Atlassian
8 79 (2.65%) IBM
9 77 (2.58%) AppDynamics
10 74 (2.48%) New Relic
11 35 (1.17%) Black Duck
12 30 (1.01%) SaltStack
13 27 (0.91%) Hortonworks
14 25 (0.84%) Adobe
14 25 (0.84%) Apigee
15 24 (0.81%) NetApp
16 19 (0.64%) Cloudera
17 18 (0.60%) hybris
17 18 (0.60%) SAP
18 17 (0.57%) Dynatrace