Period
to 27 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 27 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 52 66 193
Rank change year-on-year +14 +127 +199
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,967 3,520 1,420
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.15% 3.59% 1.42%
As % of the Systems Management category 28.71% 24.46% 11.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,211 2,588 1,053
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.33% -
10th Percentile £413 £425 £413
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £513 £489
% change year-on-year -2.44% +4.86% +2.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 5 3
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.53% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £35.50
90th Percentile £71.35 £57.33 £42.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £44.92 £40.00
% change year-on-year -10.94% +12.29% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 10,336 14,391 12,022
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.46% 14.69% 12.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,951 9,622 8,148
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £263 £310 £267
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 310 355 283
UK median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.43% - -12.50%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.63 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £15.71
% change year-on-year +2.86% +11.39% -15.08%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 27 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +14 2,813 £550 - 1,258
London +10 1,835 £586 +1.91% 732
UK excluding London +43 1,088 £500 -2.44% 605
North of England +59 318 £500 - 175
South East +32 276 £511 -1.92% 118
South West +10 214 £550 - 64
North West +54 158 £531 -1.62% 106
Yorkshire +58 97 £501 +11.22% 56
Midlands +11 88 £500 - 97
East of England +36 72 £488 -2.50% 72
North East +27 64 £430 -18.10% 13
Wales +48 60 £500 -1.72% 35
Scotland +8 59 £500 - 43
East Midlands +20 48 £425 -19.05% 31
West Midlands -1 40 £513 +2.50% 66
Northern Ireland +12 6 £575 +35.29% 1

For the 6 months to 27 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,090 (70.44%) Docker
2 1,842 (62.08%) DevOps
3 1,402 (47.25%) AWS
4 1,134 (38.22%) Agile Software Development
5 1,096 (36.94%) Terraform
6 1,067 (35.96%) Python
7 1,023 (34.48%) Azure
8 955 (32.19%) Microservices
9 944 (31.82%) Java
10 856 (28.85%) Ansible
11 805 (27.13%) Jenkins
12 690 (23.26%) Linux
13 578 (19.48%) GCP
14 499 (16.82%) Git (software)
15 431 (14.53%) Finance
16 378 (12.74%) Infrastructure as Code
17 374 (12.61%) JavaScript
18 372 (12.54%) Google
19 371 (12.50%) Security Cleared
19 371 (12.50%) OpenShift
20 367 (12.37%) Puppet
21 359 (12.10%) Continuous Integration
21 359 (12.10%) Software Engineering
22 356 (12.00%) Node.js
23 339 (11.43%) SQL
24 321 (10.82%) Scrum
24 321 (10.82%) Spring
25 318 (10.72%) SC Cleared
26 313 (10.55%) TDD
27 312 (10.52%) Kafka

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 161 (5.43%) Elasticsearch
2 128 (4.31%) Apache Spark
3 126 (4.25%) Confluence
4 94 (3.17%) nginx
5 76 (2.56%) Apache
6 53 (1.79%) Cloud Foundry
7 43 (1.45%) OpenStack
7 43 (1.45%) Tomcat
8 23 (0.78%) IIS
8 23 (0.78%) SAS
9 22 (0.74%) Apache Airflow
10 16 (0.54%) Camunda
11 9 (0.30%) CMS
12 6 (0.20%) JBoss
12 6 (0.20%) Jupyter
13 5 (0.17%) Apache Solr
13 5 (0.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 5 (0.17%) Umbraco
13 5 (0.17%) WebSphere
14 4 (0.13%) GemFire
Applications
1 10 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (0.034%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.034%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.034%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
2 7 (0.24%) NetSuite
2 7 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 5 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
4 4 (0.13%) Temenos T24
5 3 (0.10%) Eikon
6 2 (0.067%) Sentinel
6 2 (0.067%) Sonata
6 2 (0.067%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.034%) Dynamics CRM
7 1 (0.034%) Finacle
7 1 (0.034%) RMDS
7 1 (0.034%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,402 (47.25%) AWS
2 1,023 (34.48%) Azure
3 578 (19.48%) GCP
4 371 (12.50%) OpenShift
5 275 (9.27%) Serverless
6 217 (7.31%) AWS CloudFormation
7 185 (6.24%) PaaS
8 181 (6.10%) GitHub
9 178 (6.00%) AWS Lambda
10 163 (5.49%) Amazon EC2
11 161 (5.43%) Amazon S3
12 125 (4.21%) SaaS
13 112 (3.77%) IaaS
14 106 (3.57%) Amazon ECS
15 82 (2.76%) Amazon SQS
16 68 (2.29%) Amazon EKS
17 53 (1.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 43 (1.45%) Azure Active Directory
19 39 (1.31%) Route 53
20 37 (1.25%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 75 (2.53%) DNS
2 64 (2.16%) HTTP
3 51 (1.72%) TCP/IP
4 41 (1.38%) Firewall
5 35 (1.18%) SSL
6 28 (0.94%) VPN
7 27 (0.91%) DHCP
8 19 (0.64%) Internet
9 14 (0.47%) FTP
10 13 (0.44%) Kerberos
11 10 (0.34%) DSL
12 8 (0.27%) Network Security
13 6 (0.20%) LAN
13 6 (0.20%) SAN
14 5 (0.17%) Broadband
14 5 (0.17%) HTTPS
14 5 (0.17%) NetScaler
14 5 (0.17%) WAN
15 4 (0.13%) IPsec
15 4 (0.13%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 217 (7.31%) PostgreSQL
2 213 (7.18%) NoSQL
3 189 (6.37%) Big Data
4 179 (6.03%) MongoDB
5 157 (5.29%) MySQL
6 141 (4.75%) Hadoop
7 113 (3.81%) Relational Database
7 113 (3.81%) SQL Server
8 105 (3.54%) Amazon RDS
9 104 (3.51%) Amazon Redshift
10 87 (2.93%) Redis
11 77 (2.60%) Apache Cassandra
12 59 (1.99%) BigQuery
13 52 (1.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 40 (1.35%) Data Lake
15 39 (1.31%) Data Warehouse
16 38 (1.28%) Flink
17 36 (1.21%) Azure SQL Database
18 35 (1.18%) Apache Hive
19 34 (1.15%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 805 (27.13%) Jenkins
2 499 (16.82%) Git (software)
3 253 (8.53%) JIRA
4 160 (5.39%) GitLab
5 154 (5.19%) Artifactory
6 132 (4.45%) Maven
7 115 (3.88%) TeamCity
8 100 (3.37%) Selenium
9 94 (3.17%) Cucumber
10 86 (2.90%) CircleCI
11 82 (2.76%) Gradle
12 81 (2.73%) Sonatype Nexus
13 72 (2.43%) Octopus Deploy
14 66 (2.22%) Bitbucket
15 65 (2.19%) SonarQube
16 62 (2.09%) Visual Studio Team System
17 53 (1.79%) Travis CI
18 52 (1.75%) JUnit
19 51 (1.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 44 (1.48%) RStudio
General
1 431 (14.53%) Finance
2 259 (8.73%) Banking
3 176 (5.93%) Public Sector
4 102 (3.44%) Front Office
5 58 (1.95%) Retail
6 45 (1.52%) Telecoms
7 39 (1.31%) Investment Banking
8 21 (0.71%) Law
8 21 (0.71%) Marketing
9 20 (0.67%) Publishing
10 18 (0.61%) Manufacturing
11 13 (0.44%) Automotive
12 12 (0.40%) Legal
13 11 (0.37%) Games
14 10 (0.34%) Financial Institution
15 9 (0.30%) Electronics
16 6 (0.20%) Back Office
17 5 (0.17%) Corporate Banking
17 5 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
18 4 (0.13%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,072 (36.13%) DevOps Engineer
2 860 (28.99%) Developer
3 346 (11.66%) Java Developer
4 315 (10.62%) AWS Engineer
5 275 (9.27%) AWS DevOps
6 235 (7.92%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 228 (7.68%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 196 (6.61%) Architect
9 181 (6.10%) Azure Engineer
10 179 (6.03%) Senior DevOps
11 165 (5.56%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 149 (5.02%) Azure DevOps Engineer
13 148 (4.99%) Senior Developer
14 132 (4.45%) Cloud Engineer
15 116 (3.91%) AWS Developer
16 108 (3.64%) Python Engineer
17 96 (3.24%) Data Engineer
18 95 (3.20%) Python Developer
19 92 (3.10%) Software Engineer
20 86 (2.90%) Azure DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 356 (12.00%) Node.js
2 321 (10.82%) Spring
3 312 (10.52%) Kafka
4 301 (10.14%) .NET
4 301 (10.14%) Web Services
5 239 (8.06%) Spring Boot
6 237 (7.99%) React
7 207 (6.98%) REST
8 180 (6.07%) AngularJS
9 133 (4.48%) .NET Core
10 125 (4.21%) HTML
11 123 (4.15%) RESTful
12 117 (3.94%) CSS
13 109 (3.67%) Elastic Stack
14 90 (3.03%) GraphQL
15 79 (2.66%) Redux
16 71 (2.39%) RabbitMQ
17 63 (2.12%) JSON
18 62 (2.09%) J2EE
19 56 (1.89%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 258 (8.70%) Greenfield Project
2 163 (5.49%) Public Cloud
3 111 (3.74%) Cloud Native
4 89 (3.00%) Data Centre
5 81 (2.73%) Analytical Skills
6 71 (2.39%) Fixed Income
7 69 (2.33%) Linux Command Line
8 61 (2.06%) User Experience
9 57 (1.92%) Derivative
10 56 (1.89%) Enterprise Software
11 52 (1.75%) Hybrid Cloud
12 51 (1.72%) Equities
13 40 (1.35%) Mobile App
14 37 (1.25%) Algorithms
14 37 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
15 32 (1.08%) Virtual Team
16 29 (0.98%) Private Cloud
17 27 (0.91%) Replication
18 24 (0.81%) Data Structures
19 23 (0.78%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 690 (23.26%) Linux
2 182 (6.13%) Windows
3 130 (4.38%) Unix
4 110 (3.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 67 (2.26%) CentOS
6 52 (1.75%) Windows Server
7 41 (1.38%) Ubuntu
8 35 (1.18%) CoreOS
9 32 (1.08%) Android
10 25 (0.84%) Apple iOS
11 18 (0.61%) VMS
12 17 (0.57%) Mac OS X
13 13 (0.44%) Debian
14 9 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
15 7 (0.24%) Solaris
16 5 (0.17%) DC/OS
17 3 (0.10%) Windows Server 2003
17 3 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
18 2 (0.067%) AIX
18 2 (0.067%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,842 (62.08%) DevOps
2 1,134 (38.22%) Agile Software Development
3 955 (32.19%) Microservices
4 378 (12.74%) Infrastructure as Code
5 359 (12.10%) Continuous Integration
5 359 (12.10%) Software Engineering
6 321 (10.82%) Scrum
7 313 (10.55%) TDD
8 295 (9.94%) Test Automation
9 265 (8.93%) Migration
10 247 (8.32%) Configuration Management
11 211 (7.11%) Open Source
12 189 (6.37%) Continuous Delivery
13 187 (6.30%) BDD
14 168 (5.66%) Kanban
15 137 (4.62%) Analytics
15 137 (4.62%) Fintech
16 128 (4.31%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 126 (4.25%) Mentoring
18 108 (3.64%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,067 (35.96%) Python
2 944 (31.82%) Java
3 374 (12.61%) JavaScript
4 339 (11.43%) SQL
5 304 (10.25%) C#
6 269 (9.07%) Bash Shell
7 245 (8.26%) Go
8 191 (6.44%) Java 8
9 188 (6.34%) PowerShell
10 186 (6.27%) Ruby
11 147 (4.95%) TypeScript
12 96 (3.24%) R
12 96 (3.24%) Scala
13 93 (3.13%) Shell Script
14 87 (2.93%) Perl
15 80 (2.70%) Groovy
16 72 (2.43%) PHP
17 55 (1.85%) C++
18 46 (1.55%) C
19 44 (1.48%) ES6
Qualifications
1 371 (12.50%) Security Cleared
2 318 (10.72%) SC Cleared
3 111 (3.74%) Degree
4 38 (1.28%) AWS Certification
5 35 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
6 21 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
7 19 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
8 17 (0.57%) MCSA
9 12 (0.40%) DV Cleared
10 11 (0.37%) CCA
10 11 (0.37%) DBS Check
10 11 (0.37%) Master's Degree
11 9 (0.30%) CISSP
12 8 (0.27%) MCSE
13 5 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
14 4 (0.13%) CCNA
14 4 (0.13%) RHCE
14 4 (0.13%) RHCSA
14 4 (0.13%) SANS
15 3 (0.10%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (2.06%) QA
2 12 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 12 (0.40%) NCSC
3 8 (0.27%) PCI DSS
4 6 (0.20%) NIST
4 6 (0.20%) SLA
5 4 (0.13%) GDPR
5 4 (0.13%) MiFID
5 4 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.067%) COBIT
6 2 (0.067%) Data Quality
6 2 (0.067%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.067%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.067%) PMO
6 2 (0.067%) PSD2
System Software
1 2,090 (70.44%) Docker
2 68 (2.29%) Active Directory
3 59 (1.99%) Virtual Machines
4 46 (1.55%) VMware Infrastructure
5 37 (1.25%) vSphere
6 22 (0.74%) LXC
6 22 (0.74%) NFS
7 15 (0.51%) VirtualBox
8 14 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 13 (0.44%) Gluster
10 12 (0.40%) GlusterFS
10 12 (0.40%) HDFS
11 11 (0.37%) Hyper-V
12 5 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
13 4 (0.13%) Apache Flume
13 4 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
14 3 (0.10%) KVM
14 3 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
14 3 (0.10%) XenApp
14 3 (0.10%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 1,096 (36.94%) Terraform
2 856 (28.85%) Ansible
3 367 (12.37%) Puppet
4 271 (9.13%) Opscode Chef
5 104 (3.51%) Packer
6 95 (3.20%) Prometheus
7 89 (3.00%) Docker Swarm
8 74 (2.49%) Grafana
9 58 (1.95%) Kibana
10 49 (1.65%) Salt
11 47 (1.58%) Istio
12 45 (1.52%) Rancher
13 40 (1.35%) Consul
14 34 (1.15%) Nagios
15 21 (0.71%) logstash
15 21 (0.71%) Mesos
16 15 (0.51%) Kubeflow
17 14 (0.47%) HAProxy
18 13 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
19 11 (0.37%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 372 (12.54%) Google
2 190 (6.40%) Microsoft
3 94 (3.17%) Red Hat
4 93 (3.13%) Splunk
5 89 (3.00%) VMware
6 72 (2.43%) Oracle
7 51 (1.72%) Atlassian
8 50 (1.69%) Cloudera
8 50 (1.69%) Hortonworks
9 46 (1.55%) IBM
10 33 (1.11%) New Relic
11 31 (1.04%) Veracode
12 23 (0.78%) Confluent
12 23 (0.78%) MuleSoft
13 18 (0.61%) Databricks
13 18 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
14 16 (0.54%) Cisco
14 16 (0.54%) SAP
14 16 (0.54%) TIBCO
15 15 (0.51%) SaltStack