Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 25 23 54
Rank change year-on-year -2 +31 +16
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 5,779 2,640 3,042
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 6.68% 6.58% 4.17%
As % of the Systems Management category 41.03% 39.11% 28.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,232 1,987 2,305
10th Percentile £450 £398 £413
25th Percentile £500 £456 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £586 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.62% -4.55% -
75th Percentile £675 £613 £638
90th Percentile £750 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £530 £490 £500
% change year-on-year +8.16% -2.00% -0.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 25 9
10th Percentile £57.20 £31.25 £37.50
25th Percentile £68.63 £39.00 £38.25
Median hourly rate £77.50 £45.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +72.22% - -4.92%
75th Percentile £81.25 £57.50 £50.25
90th Percentile £85.00 £67.30 £68.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £74.75 £44.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year +67.98% +5.95% -11.26%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 14,086 6,751 10,702
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.27% 16.83% 14.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,139 4,758 7,381
10th Percentile £363 £313 £263
25th Percentile £460 £406 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £580 £588
90th Percentile £713 £650 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £490 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +8.89% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 185 155 277
10th Percentile £14.25 £12.50 £12.75
25th Percentile £15.63 £15.88 £14.25
Median hourly rate £21.35 £26.00 £18.25
Median % change year-on-year -17.88% +42.47% +4.29%
75th Percentile £48.75 £53.00 £28.75
90th Percentile £64.50 £63.25 £48.93
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.51 £22.75 £17.50
% change year-on-year -18.64% +30.00% -

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 4,543 £590 +12.38% 1,487
London 0 3,129 £600 +9.09% 906
Work from Home -1 1,868 £575 +9.52% 343
UK excluding London +3 1,257 £530 +8.16% 660
North of England +2 310 £550 +10.00% 173
South East -9 299 £550 +10.00% 130
South West -3 198 £525 +16.67% 74
Midlands +27 168 £520 +21.35% 117
Scotland +24 161 £508 +1.50% 75
North West -7 155 £575 +10.68% 104
Yorkshire +7 138 £538 +7.50% 47
West Midlands +15 115 £500 +21.21% 83
East of England -34 81 £600 +14.29% 69
East Midlands -2 49 £520 +9.24% 32
Wales -16 41 £575 +10.36% 13
North East +14 28 £538 +19.44% 22
Northern Ireland +1 7 £475 +5.56% 10
Isle of Man - 1 £500 -

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 3,722 (64.41%) Docker
2 3,033 (52.48%) DevOps
3 2,393 (41.41%) AWS
4 2,359 (40.82%) Terraform
5 2,168 (37.52%) Azure
6 2,128 (36.82%) Agile Software Development
7 1,799 (31.13%) Java
8 1,676 (29.00%) Microservices
9 1,603 (27.74%) Python
10 1,581 (27.36%) Jenkins
11 1,181 (20.44%) Linux
12 1,147 (19.85%) Ansible
13 1,027 (17.77%) Finance
14 999 (17.29%) JavaScript
14 999 (17.29%) GCP
15 988 (17.10%) Git (software)
16 967 (16.73%) Kafka
17 872 (15.09%) Software Engineering
18 829 (14.35%) SQL
19 827 (14.31%) Infrastructure as Code
20 761 (13.17%) Security Cleared
21 686 (11.87%) Social Skills
22 684 (11.84%) TDD
23 669 (11.58%) Node.js
24 651 (11.26%) React
25 596 (10.31%) Serverless
26 586 (10.14%) .NET
27 579 (10.02%) Spring
28 577 (9.98%) C#
29 554 (9.59%) SC Cleared

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 234 (4.05%) Apache Spark
2 182 (3.15%) Confluence
3 166 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
4 147 (2.54%) Apache
5 119 (2.06%) nginx
6 105 (1.82%) OpenStack
7 91 (1.57%) Tomcat
8 60 (1.04%) Apache Airflow
9 55 (0.95%) IIS
10 53 (0.92%) JBoss
11 37 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
12 33 (0.57%) WebSphere
13 25 (0.43%) Camunda
14 24 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
14 24 (0.42%) SharePoint
14 24 (0.42%) WebLogic
15 19 (0.33%) CMS
16 18 (0.31%) Appian
17 17 (0.29%) Jupyter
17 17 (0.29%) Traefik
Applications
1 4 (0.069%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (0.069%) Microsoft Office
1 4 (0.069%) Spreadsheet
2 3 (0.052%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.017%) CPLEX
3 1 (0.017%) Sketch
3 1 (0.017%) SPSS
3 1 (0.017%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 10 (0.17%) Sentinel
2 7 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
2 7 (0.12%) Shopify
3 4 (0.069%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.069%) NetSuite
3 4 (0.069%) Oracle Cash Management
4 3 (0.052%) Cloudability
5 2 (0.035%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.035%) Magento
5 2 (0.035%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.035%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.017%) Exstream
6 1 (0.017%) JDE OneWorld
6 1 (0.017%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 2,393 (41.41%) AWS
2 2,168 (37.52%) Azure
3 999 (17.29%) GCP
4 596 (10.31%) Serverless
5 543 (9.40%) GitHub
6 482 (8.34%) PaaS
7 436 (7.54%) OpenShift
8 390 (6.75%) AWS CloudFormation
9 343 (5.94%) AWS Lambda
10 324 (5.61%) IaaS
11 307 (5.31%) Amazon S3
12 301 (5.21%) Amazon EKS
13 273 (4.72%) SaaS
14 204 (3.53%) Amazon SQS
15 176 (3.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 152 (2.63%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 143 (2.47%) Amazon ECS
18 137 (2.37%) Amazon EC2
19 123 (2.13%) AWS Step Functions
20 118 (2.04%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 176 (3.05%) Firewall
2 132 (2.28%) DNS
3 106 (1.83%) HTTP
4 91 (1.57%) VPN
5 84 (1.45%) SSL
6 80 (1.38%) Network Security
7 70 (1.21%) Internet
8 50 (0.87%) TCP/IP
9 31 (0.54%) Kerberos
9 31 (0.54%) MQTT
10 27 (0.47%) IPsec
11 25 (0.43%) WAN
12 23 (0.40%) HTTPS
13 20 (0.35%) IKE
14 18 (0.31%) DHCP
14 18 (0.31%) VLAN
15 16 (0.28%) SAN
16 14 (0.24%) MPLS
16 14 (0.24%) SSH
16 14 (0.24%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 441 (7.63%) PostgreSQL
2 390 (6.75%) NoSQL
3 349 (6.04%) MongoDB
4 309 (5.35%) SQL Server
5 246 (4.26%) Amazon RDS
6 229 (3.96%) Big Data
7 223 (3.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 206 (3.56%) MySQL
9 152 (2.63%) Hadoop
10 146 (2.53%) Relational Database
11 134 (2.32%) Apache Cassandra
12 124 (2.15%) Redis
13 102 (1.77%) Azure SQL Database
14 97 (1.68%) BigQuery
15 81 (1.40%) Data Warehouse
16 79 (1.37%) Data Lake
17 71 (1.23%) Amazon Redshift
18 70 (1.21%) Apache Hive
19 53 (0.92%) RDBMS
20 48 (0.83%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 1,581 (27.36%) Jenkins
2 988 (17.10%) Git (software)
3 447 (7.73%) GitLab
4 429 (7.42%) JIRA
5 414 (7.16%) Maven
6 314 (5.43%) Gradle
7 246 (4.26%) SonarQube
8 245 (4.24%) TeamCity
9 218 (3.77%) Sonatype Nexus
10 186 (3.22%) Bitbucket
11 173 (2.99%) Cucumber
12 163 (2.82%) Artifactory
13 138 (2.39%) Selenium
14 115 (1.99%) JUnit
15 112 (1.94%) CircleCI
16 87 (1.51%) Gatling
17 80 (1.38%) Cypress.io
18 77 (1.33%) JMeter
19 73 (1.26%) Subversion
20 68 (1.18%) Travis CI
General
1 1,027 (17.77%) Finance
2 686 (11.87%) Social Skills
3 418 (7.23%) Banking
4 351 (6.07%) Public Sector
5 247 (4.27%) Front Office
6 189 (3.27%) Analytical Skills
7 153 (2.65%) Retail
8 113 (1.96%) Telecoms
9 110 (1.90%) Investment Banking
10 84 (1.45%) Presentation Skills
11 83 (1.44%) Legal
12 81 (1.40%) Financial Institution
13 76 (1.32%) Marketing
14 64 (1.11%) Games
15 52 (0.90%) Influencing Skills
16 40 (0.69%) Electronics
17 38 (0.66%) Law
18 33 (0.57%) Manufacturing
19 30 (0.52%) Back Office
20 27 (0.47%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,638 (28.34%) Developer
2 1,386 (23.98%) DevOps Engineer
3 569 (9.85%) Java Developer
4 562 (9.72%) Architect
5 452 (7.82%) AWS Engineer
6 415 (7.18%) Azure Engineer
7 314 (5.43%) Cloud Engineer
8 303 (5.24%) Software Engineer
9 260 (4.50%) AWS DevOps
10 258 (4.46%) Senior Developer
11 255 (4.41%) Azure DevOps Engineer
12 232 (4.01%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 219 (3.79%) Platform Engineer
14 207 (3.58%) Solutions Architect
15 205 (3.55%) .NET Developer
16 204 (3.53%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 195 (3.37%) Data Engineer
18 183 (3.17%) Java Engineer
19 179 (3.10%) Azure DevOps
20 177 (3.06%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 967 (16.73%) Kafka
2 669 (11.58%) Node.js
3 651 (11.26%) React
4 586 (10.14%) .NET
5 579 (10.02%) Spring
6 484 (8.38%) Spring Boot
7 476 (8.24%) REST
8 294 (5.09%) .NET Core
9 291 (5.04%) CSS
10 277 (4.79%) RESTful
11 268 (4.64%) HTML
12 214 (3.70%) Elastic Stack
13 188 (3.25%) AngularJS
14 180 (3.11%) GraphQL
15 174 (3.01%) JSON
16 150 (2.60%) .NET Framework
17 148 (2.56%) Web Services
18 138 (2.39%) Material-UI
19 126 (2.18%) gRPC
20 123 (2.13%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 390 (6.75%) Cloud Native
2 303 (5.24%) Greenfield Project
3 266 (4.60%) Public Cloud
4 148 (2.56%) User Experience
5 109 (1.89%) Data Protection Act
6 102 (1.77%) Data Centre
7 94 (1.63%) Self-Motivation
8 92 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
9 89 (1.54%) Linux Command Line
10 88 (1.52%) Hedge funds
11 80 (1.38%) Private Cloud
12 79 (1.37%) Algorithms
12 79 (1.37%) Hybrid Cloud
13 69 (1.19%) Legacy Systems
14 64 (1.11%) PKI
15 61 (1.06%) Data Structures
16 57 (0.99%) iPad
16 57 (0.99%) Legacy Applications
17 52 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 47 (0.81%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,181 (20.44%) Linux
2 425 (7.35%) Windows
3 281 (4.86%) Unix
4 193 (3.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 111 (1.92%) Windows Server
6 76 (1.32%) Ubuntu
7 73 (1.26%) CentOS
8 37 (0.64%) Debian
9 30 (0.52%) Android
10 29 (0.50%) Apple iOS
11 22 (0.38%) Windows Server 2019
12 20 (0.35%) Mac OS X
13 18 (0.31%) VMS
14 17 (0.29%) Amazon Linux
14 17 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
15 15 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
16 13 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
17 12 (0.21%) Windows 10
18 10 (0.17%) AIX
18 10 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,033 (52.48%) DevOps
2 2,128 (36.82%) Agile Software Development
3 1,676 (29.00%) Microservices
4 872 (15.09%) Software Engineering
5 827 (14.31%) Infrastructure as Code
6 684 (11.84%) TDD
7 553 (9.57%) Scrum
8 551 (9.53%) Continuous Integration
9 548 (9.48%) Test Automation
10 495 (8.57%) Full Stack Development
11 438 (7.58%) BDD
12 431 (7.46%) Migration
13 398 (6.89%) Configuration Management
14 377 (6.52%) Open Source
15 350 (6.06%) Analytics
16 337 (5.83%) Problem-Solving
17 331 (5.73%) Continuous Delivery
18 295 (5.10%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 287 (4.97%) SDLC
20 267 (4.62%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 1,799 (31.13%) Java
2 1,603 (27.74%) Python
3 999 (17.29%) JavaScript
4 829 (14.35%) SQL
5 577 (9.98%) C#
6 544 (9.41%) Bash
7 464 (8.03%) TypeScript
8 437 (7.56%) PowerShell
9 396 (6.85%) Go
10 289 (5.00%) Scala
11 251 (4.34%) Groovy
12 190 (3.29%) Ruby
13 183 (3.17%) Java 8
14 149 (2.58%) Java 11
15 118 (2.04%) C++
16 108 (1.87%) Kotlin
17 91 (1.57%) Shell Script
18 84 (1.45%) Perl
19 78 (1.35%) PL/SQL
20 73 (1.26%) C
Qualifications
1 761 (13.17%) Security Cleared
2 554 (9.59%) SC Cleared
3 185 (3.20%) Degree
4 113 (1.96%) DV Cleared
5 82 (1.42%) AWS Certification
6 74 (1.28%) BPSS Clearance
7 60 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
8 45 (0.78%) CISSP
9 22 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
10 16 (0.28%) SANS
11 15 (0.26%) Master's Degree
12 12 (0.21%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 12 (0.21%) CISM
13 11 (0.19%) CCSP
13 11 (0.19%) GIAC
14 10 (0.17%) CREST Certified
14 10 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
15 7 (0.12%) CCIE
15 7 (0.12%) OSCP
15 7 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 170 (2.94%) QA
2 84 (1.45%) GDPR
3 45 (0.78%) Accessibility
4 36 (0.62%) SLA
5 35 (0.61%) NCSC
6 34 (0.59%) Data Quality
7 21 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 17 (0.29%) PCI DSS
9 13 (0.22%) NIST
10 10 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 9 (0.16%) COBIT
12 8 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
13 6 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 4 (0.069%) IFRS
15 3 (0.052%) Basel II
15 3 (0.052%) HIPAA
15 3 (0.052%) PMO
16 2 (0.035%) RMADS
17 1 (0.017%) ISO 8583
17 1 (0.017%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 3,722 (64.41%) Docker
2 186 (3.22%) Active Directory
3 110 (1.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 70 (1.21%) Virtual Machines
5 49 (0.85%) vCloud
6 36 (0.62%) vSphere
7 23 (0.40%) VMware ESXi
8 20 (0.35%) VMware Workstation
9 19 (0.33%) VMware NSX
10 17 (0.29%) Apache Flume
10 17 (0.29%) Hyper-V
11 16 (0.28%) OpenAM
12 15 (0.26%) Virtual Desktop
13 14 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 12 (0.21%) HDFS
15 9 (0.16%) OpenIDM
16 8 (0.14%) LXC
17 7 (0.12%) Ceph
18 6 (0.10%) NFS
19 5 (0.087%) Squid
Systems Management
1 2,359 (40.82%) Terraform
2 1,147 (19.85%) Ansible
3 414 (7.16%) Grafana
4 410 (7.09%) Prometheus
5 378 (6.54%) Puppet
6 222 (3.84%) Opscode Chef
7 202 (3.50%) Istio
8 154 (2.66%) Kibana
9 129 (2.23%) Consul
10 112 (1.94%) Docker Swarm
11 106 (1.83%) Rancher
12 103 (1.78%) Packer
13 60 (1.04%) ZABBIX
14 48 (0.83%) Nagios
15 44 (0.76%) HAProxy
16 41 (0.71%) logstash
17 33 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
18 28 (0.48%) HP Fortify
18 28 (0.48%) ITRS Geneos
18 28 (0.48%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 552 (9.55%) Microsoft
2 480 (8.31%) Google
3 293 (5.07%) Oracle
4 241 (4.17%) Splunk
5 222 (3.84%) Red Hat
6 185 (3.20%) VMware
7 141 (2.44%) Databricks
8 102 (1.77%) MuleSoft
9 93 (1.61%) IBM
10 92 (1.59%) AppDynamics
11 69 (1.19%) SAP
12 68 (1.18%) Atlassian
13 65 (1.12%) New Relic
14 58 (1.00%) Dynatrace
15 48 (0.83%) Cisco
16 46 (0.80%) Cloudera
17 41 (0.71%) CA
18 40 (0.69%) CyberArk
19 35 (0.61%) SaltStack
20 33 (0.57%) PagerDuty