Period
to 24 April 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 24 April 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Google Kubernetes (K8s)
UK
6 months to
24 Apr 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 52 148 337
Rank change year-on-year +96 +189 +288
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 3,970 1,863 650
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.18% 1.84% 0.71%
As % of the Systems Management category 28.63% 14.28% 6.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,939 1,328 491
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £425 £416 £425
90th Percentile £688 £675 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -13.64%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 4 2
UK median hourly rate £42.07 £40.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.16% -23.81% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.75 £41.13
90th Percentile £60.00 £64.38 £64.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 -
% change year-on-year -12.50% - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 13,867 13,046 9,759
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.58% 12.91% 10.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,232 8,686 6,455
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £313 £275 £275
90th Percentile £674 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £401
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.12% +5.39%
Number of hourly rates quoted 344 297 226
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% -18.60% +2.38%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.75 £12.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.83 £48.97
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £16.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +9.38% -20.00% -

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 24 April 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 24 April 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 24 April 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +87 3,798 £550 - 528
London +52 2,574 £570 +3.64% 296
UK excluding London +146 1,344 £525 +5.00% 246
South East +153 394 £525 +7.14% 85
North of England +108 366 £525 +5.00% 71
South West +48 246 £550 -0.68% 17
North West +80 202 £550 - 44
Midlands +90 153 £510 -2.86% 29
Yorkshire +56 112 £450 -14.29% 26
West Midlands +48 91 £500 -6.98% 24
Wales +42 69 £575 +31.43% 3
East Midlands +46 62 £525 +2.39% 5
Scotland +33 58 £525 -8.70% 7
North East +43 53 £511 +36.33% 1
East of England +4 53 £575 +15.00% 31
Northern Ireland - 9 £475 - 4

For the 6 months to 24 April 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 3,112 (78.39%) Docker
2 2,404 (60.55%) DevOps
3 2,026 (51.03%) Amazon AWS
4 1,484 (37.38%) Agile Software Development
5 1,345 (33.88%) Terraform
6 1,320 (33.25%) Java
7 1,272 (32.04%) Jenkins
8 1,269 (31.96%) Microsoft Azure
9 1,267 (31.91%) Ansible
10 1,239 (31.21%) Microservices
11 1,222 (30.78%) Python
12 1,189 (29.95%) Linux
13 791 (19.92%) Git (software)
14 688 (17.33%) Puppet
15 677 (17.05%) Finance
16 638 (16.07%) Continuous Integration
17 593 (14.94%) JavaScript
18 535 (13.48%) Google Cloud Platform
19 513 (12.92%) SQL
20 500 (12.59%) Kafka
21 498 (12.54%) TDD
22 465 (11.71%) Node.js
23 456 (11.49%) Security Cleared
24 455 (11.46%) Opscode Chef
25 439 (11.06%) Bash Shell
26 434 (10.93%) Web Services
27 418 (10.53%) OpenShift
28 410 (10.33%) Google
29 402 (10.13%) .NET
30 401 (10.10%) Software Engineering

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 207 (5.21%) Confluence
2 189 (4.76%) Elasticsearch
3 169 (4.26%) nginx
4 147 (3.70%) Apache Spark
5 140 (3.53%) Apache
6 122 (3.07%) OpenStack
7 109 (2.75%) Tomcat
8 80 (2.02%) Cloud Foundry
9 42 (1.06%) JBoss
10 41 (1.03%) WebSphere
11 35 (0.88%) IIS
12 31 (0.78%) CMS
13 21 (0.53%) Apache Solr
13 21 (0.53%) WebLogic
14 19 (0.48%) Jupyter
15 18 (0.45%) Mule
16 15 (0.38%) Apache Qpid
16 15 (0.38%) SharePoint
17 14 (0.35%) Apache Pig
18 10 (0.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.10%) Photoshop
3 3 (0.076%) Adobe Illustrator
3 3 (0.076%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.050%) GIMP
5 1 (0.025%) Adobe Premiere
5 1 (0.025%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.025%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.025%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 25 (0.63%) Distributed Ledger
2 16 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.23%) Sentinel
4 8 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 5 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
7 3 (0.076%) Eloqua
8 1 (0.025%) NetSuite
8 1 (0.025%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.025%) Oracle Cash Management
8 1 (0.025%) R3 Corda
8 1 (0.025%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.025%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 2,026 (51.03%) Amazon AWS
2 1,269 (31.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 535 (13.48%) Google Cloud Platform
4 418 (10.53%) OpenShift
5 336 (8.46%) Serverless
6 323 (8.14%) AWS CloudFormation
7 285 (7.18%) GitHub
8 266 (6.70%) Amazon EC2
9 231 (5.82%) Amazon S3
10 221 (5.57%) PaaS
11 208 (5.24%) AWS Lambda
12 116 (2.92%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 111 (2.80%) Amazon SQS
14 108 (2.72%) IaaS
15 87 (2.19%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 77 (1.94%) SaaS
17 70 (1.76%) Apigee
17 70 (1.76%) npm
18 68 (1.71%) Azure Active Directory
19 63 (1.59%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 134 (3.38%) HTTP
2 104 (2.62%) DNS
2 104 (2.62%) Firewall
3 91 (2.29%) VPN
4 78 (1.96%) TCP/IP
5 71 (1.79%) SSL
6 49 (1.23%) Internet
7 40 (1.01%) FTP
8 30 (0.76%) DSL
9 26 (0.65%) IPsec
10 23 (0.58%) DHCP
11 21 (0.53%) OpenVPN
12 20 (0.50%) SAN
13 16 (0.40%) WAN
14 14 (0.35%) VLAN
15 13 (0.33%) LAN
15 13 (0.33%) SSH
16 11 (0.28%) AMQP
16 11 (0.28%) DMZ
16 11 (0.28%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 345 (8.69%) MongoDB
2 330 (8.31%) Big Data
3 319 (8.04%) NoSQL
4 247 (6.22%) PostgreSQL
5 219 (5.52%) Hadoop
6 214 (5.39%) Amazon RDS
7 210 (5.29%) Apache Cassandra
8 203 (5.11%) SQL Server
9 130 (3.27%) Redis
10 127 (3.20%) Relational Database
11 126 (3.17%) MySQL
12 118 (2.97%) Amazon Redshift
13 90 (2.27%) Azure SQL Database
14 74 (1.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 55 (1.39%) Blockchain
15 55 (1.39%) Cosmos DB
16 46 (1.16%) RDBMS
17 45 (1.13%) Data Lake
18 40 (1.01%) Apache Hive
19 35 (0.88%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,272 (32.04%) Jenkins
2 791 (19.92%) Git (software)
3 350 (8.82%) JIRA
4 291 (7.33%) GitLab
5 263 (6.62%) Maven
6 216 (5.44%) Artifactory
7 173 (4.36%) Sonatype Nexus
8 146 (3.68%) Gradle
9 143 (3.60%) SonarQube
10 129 (3.25%) Bitbucket
10 129 (3.25%) TeamCity
11 124 (3.12%) Visual Studio Team System
12 112 (2.82%) Cucumber
12 112 (2.82%) JUnit
13 104 (2.62%) Selenium
14 87 (2.19%) CircleCI
15 86 (2.17%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 80 (2.02%) Octopus Deploy
17 75 (1.89%) Travis CI
18 74 (1.86%) gulp
General
1 677 (17.05%) Finance
2 323 (8.14%) Banking
3 112 (2.82%) Retail
4 66 (1.66%) Front Office
5 53 (1.34%) Law
6 46 (1.16%) Legal
7 41 (1.03%) Games
8 37 (0.93%) Investment Banking
8 37 (0.93%) Telecoms
9 30 (0.76%) Marketing
10 27 (0.68%) Advertising
10 27 (0.68%) Manufacturing
11 22 (0.55%) Back Office
11 22 (0.55%) Electronics
12 12 (0.30%) Retail Banking
13 10 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
14 9 (0.23%) Financial Institution
14 9 (0.23%) Publishing
15 7 (0.18%) Online Betting
16 6 (0.15%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,412 (35.57%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,135 (28.59%) Developer
3 476 (11.99%) Java Developer
4 391 (9.85%) AWS Engineer
5 363 (9.14%) Architect
6 351 (8.84%) AWS DevOps
7 292 (7.36%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 270 (6.80%) Senior Developer
9 258 (6.50%) Kubernetes Engineer
10 238 (5.99%) Cloud Engineer
11 190 (4.79%) Senior DevOps
12 185 (4.66%) Azure DevOps
13 173 (4.36%) Senior DevOps Engineer
14 168 (4.23%) Azure Engineer
15 161 (4.06%) Platform Engineer
16 150 (3.78%) Azure DevOps Engineer
17 146 (3.68%) Full Stack Developer
18 144 (3.63%) AWS Developer
19 134 (3.38%) Senior Java Developer
20 118 (2.97%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 500 (12.59%) Kafka
2 465 (11.71%) Node.js
3 434 (10.93%) Web Services
4 402 (10.13%) .NET
5 363 (9.14%) Spring
6 319 (8.04%) REST
7 308 (7.76%) AngularJS
8 282 (7.10%) React
9 260 (6.55%) Spring Boot
10 213 (5.37%) RESTful
11 189 (4.76%) Elastic Stack
12 188 (4.74%) HTML
13 185 (4.66%) .NET Core
14 158 (3.98%) CSS
15 126 (3.17%) J2EE
16 120 (3.02%) RabbitMQ
17 118 (2.97%) JSON
18 111 (2.80%) Redux
19 105 (2.64%) HTML5
20 100 (2.52%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 249 (6.27%) Greenfield Project
2 190 (4.79%) Fintech
3 140 (3.53%) Public Cloud
4 94 (2.37%) Cloud Native
5 81 (2.04%) Data Centre
6 70 (1.76%) Hybrid Cloud
7 66 (1.66%) Mobile App
8 62 (1.56%) Analytical Skills
9 60 (1.51%) iPad
10 58 (1.46%) Data Structures
11 57 (1.44%) Algorithms
12 54 (1.36%) Linux Command Line
12 54 (1.36%) User Experience
13 53 (1.34%) Management Information System
14 44 (1.11%) Private Cloud
15 37 (0.93%) Fixed Income
16 34 (0.86%) Enterprise Software
17 32 (0.81%) PKI
18 24 (0.60%) Self-Motivation
19 18 (0.45%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,189 (29.95%) Linux
2 288 (7.25%) Windows
3 247 (6.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 241 (6.07%) Unix
5 144 (3.63%) CentOS
6 76 (1.91%) Ubuntu
7 56 (1.41%) Mac OS X
8 54 (1.36%) Windows Server
9 35 (0.88%) Apple iOS
10 34 (0.86%) CoreOS
11 31 (0.78%) Android
12 18 (0.45%) Solaris
13 14 (0.35%) Debian
14 6 (0.15%) DC/OS
15 4 (0.10%) Fedora
15 4 (0.10%) Kali Linux
15 4 (0.10%) Windows Server 2008
16 3 (0.076%) Amazon Linux
16 3 (0.076%) Mesosphere
17 2 (0.050%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,404 (60.55%) DevOps
2 1,484 (37.38%) Agile Software Development
3 1,239 (31.21%) Microservices
4 638 (16.07%) Continuous Integration
5 498 (12.54%) TDD
6 401 (10.10%) Software Engineering
7 396 (9.97%) Test Automation
8 377 (9.50%) Configuration Management
9 374 (9.42%) Scrum
10 319 (8.04%) Open Source
11 282 (7.10%) BDD
12 274 (6.90%) Continuous Delivery
13 273 (6.88%) Migration
14 216 (5.44%) Continuous Deployment
15 201 (5.06%) Analytics
16 197 (4.96%) Kanban
17 189 (4.76%) Deployment Automation
18 179 (4.51%) E-Commerce
19 151 (3.80%) Problem-Solving
20 148 (3.73%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,320 (33.25%) Java
2 1,222 (30.78%) Python
3 593 (14.94%) JavaScript
4 513 (12.92%) SQL
5 439 (11.06%) Bash Shell
6 355 (8.94%) Java 8
7 332 (8.36%) Ruby
8 314 (7.91%) Go
9 309 (7.78%) C#
10 239 (6.02%) PowerShell
11 173 (4.36%) Scala
12 158 (3.98%) Groovy
13 135 (3.40%) Perl
14 103 (2.59%) TypeScript
15 99 (2.49%) C++
16 96 (2.42%) Shell Script
17 83 (2.09%) ES6
18 72 (1.81%) PHP
19 57 (1.44%) C
20 42 (1.06%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 456 (11.49%) Security Cleared
2 389 (9.80%) SC Cleared
3 66 (1.66%) AWS Certification
4 65 (1.64%) Degree
5 46 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
6 29 (0.73%) Computer Science Degree
7 25 (0.63%) DV Cleared
8 18 (0.45%) CISSP
9 17 (0.43%) CISM
10 16 (0.40%) CCA
11 15 (0.38%) CTC Cleared
12 11 (0.28%) DBS Check
12 11 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
13 9 (0.23%) MCSE
13 9 (0.23%) RHCSA
14 7 (0.18%) CISMP
14 7 (0.18%) PhD
15 6 (0.15%) CISA
15 6 (0.15%) ISSMP
15 6 (0.15%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 76 (1.91%) QA
2 33 (0.83%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.60%) GDPR
4 23 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 20 (0.50%) PCI DSS
6 17 (0.43%) SLA
7 14 (0.35%) PSD2
8 7 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
9 5 (0.13%) WCAG
10 4 (0.10%) Solvency II
11 2 (0.050%) OASIS TOSCA
12 1 (0.025%) FATCA
12 1 (0.025%) PMO
System Software
1 3,112 (78.39%) Docker
2 115 (2.90%) Active Directory
3 113 (2.85%) Virtual Machines
4 108 (2.72%) VMware Infrastructure
5 30 (0.76%) HDFS
5 30 (0.76%) NFS
6 28 (0.71%) Virtual Servers
7 23 (0.58%) Xen
8 22 (0.55%) Hyper-V
9 19 (0.48%) KVM
10 16 (0.40%) Squid
11 15 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 13 (0.33%) LXC
13 11 (0.28%) Apache Flume
14 10 (0.25%) etcd
15 8 (0.20%) Snort
15 8 (0.20%) VirtualBox
16 7 (0.18%) flannel
16 7 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
17 6 (0.15%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 1,345 (33.88%) Terraform
2 1,267 (31.91%) Ansible
3 688 (17.33%) Puppet
4 455 (11.46%) Opscode Chef
5 172 (4.33%) Prometheus
6 160 (4.03%) Packer
7 151 (3.80%) Grafana
8 137 (3.45%) Docker Swarm
9 84 (2.12%) Consul
10 82 (2.07%) Mesos
11 72 (1.81%) Salt
12 71 (1.79%) Rancher
13 63 (1.59%) Nagios
14 61 (1.54%) Kibana
15 50 (1.26%) Istio
16 43 (1.08%) logstash
17 40 (1.01%) Sysdig
18 34 (0.86%) HAProxy
19 30 (0.76%) Graphite
20 29 (0.73%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 410 (10.33%) Google
2 236 (5.94%) Microsoft
3 232 (5.84%) Red Hat
4 175 (4.41%) Oracle
5 161 (4.06%) VMware
6 152 (3.83%) Splunk
7 123 (3.10%) Atlassian
8 82 (2.07%) New Relic
9 50 (1.26%) Black Duck
10 46 (1.16%) SaltStack
11 43 (1.08%) SAP
12 39 (0.98%) Cloudera
12 39 (0.98%) Hortonworks
13 33 (0.83%) Greenplum
14 31 (0.78%) AppDynamics
15 30 (0.76%) Dynatrace
16 29 (0.73%) IBM
17 27 (0.68%) MuleSoft
18 26 (0.65%) ServiceNow
19 24 (0.60%) Facebook