Period
to 21 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 21 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Google Kubernetes (K8s)
UK
6 months to
21 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 113 257 484
Rank change year-on-year +144 +227 +388
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,367 955 497
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.27% 1.00% 0.45%
As % of the Systems Management category 17.16% 9.00% 4.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,671 705 386
UK median daily rate £550 £538 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £415 £413
90th Percentile £700 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £550
% change year-on-year - -9.09% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 0
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £52.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 13,790 10,616 12,283
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.24% 11.06% 11.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,164 7,007 7,914
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £602 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £420 £388
% change year-on-year +1.19% +8.39% +6.46%
Number of hourly rates quoted 374 234 274
UK median hourly rate £19.00 £18.75 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.33% -16.67% +11.47%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £12.83
90th Percentile £49.35 £47.85 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £23.78
% change year-on-year - -26.41% +17.81%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 21 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +138 2,264 £550 +2.33% 628
London +77 1,575 £550 - 372
UK excluding London +250 765 £500 - 285
South East +122 231 £490 +6.52% 83
North of England +118 217 £475 -9.52% 88
North West +75 125 £500 -6.54% 43
South West +90 124 £500 +33.33% 32
Scotland +6 67 £544 +20.83% 9
Midlands +11 61 £525 -4.55% 22
Yorkshire +20 57 £450 -15.89% 32
East of England +47 54 £550 - 31
North East +28 35 £375 -16.67% 13
West Midlands -20 31 £550 - 16
East Midlands +18 29 £500 - 6
Wales - 14 £494 - 8
Northern Ireland - 1 £575 - 12

For the 6 months to 21 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,013 (85.04%) Docker
2 1,620 (68.44%) DevOps
3 1,346 (56.87%) Amazon AWS
4 1,059 (44.74%) Agile Software Development
5 973 (41.11%) Linux
6 971 (41.02%) Ansible
7 945 (39.92%) Python
8 895 (37.81%) Jenkins
9 840 (35.49%) Java
10 767 (32.40%) Terraform
11 684 (28.90%) Puppet
12 594 (25.10%) Git (software)
13 563 (23.79%) Continuous Integration
14 541 (22.86%) Microservices
15 498 (21.04%) Microsoft Azure
16 471 (19.90%) Bash Shell
17 449 (18.97%) Configuration Management
18 437 (18.46%) Opscode Chef
19 410 (17.32%) Ruby
20 402 (16.98%) TDD
21 384 (16.22%) Scrum
22 329 (13.90%) Finance
23 314 (13.27%) Google Cloud Platform
24 309 (13.05%) Open Source
25 297 (12.55%) Node.js
26 292 (12.34%) JavaScript
27 290 (12.25%) Security Cleared
27 290 (12.25%) Continuous Delivery
28 280 (11.83%) Test Automation
28 280 (11.83%) NoSQL

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 151 (6.38%) Confluence
1 151 (6.38%) Elasticsearch
2 132 (5.58%) nginx
3 129 (5.45%) Apache
4 126 (5.32%) Cloud Foundry
5 109 (4.60%) Apache Spark
6 84 (3.55%) OpenStack
7 69 (2.92%) Tomcat
8 35 (1.48%) Apache Solr
9 27 (1.14%) JBoss
10 19 (0.80%) WebLogic
11 17 (0.72%) WebSphere
12 16 (0.68%) Apache Pig
13 14 (0.59%) IIS
14 11 (0.46%) CMS
15 10 (0.42%) Mule
15 10 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 9 (0.38%) WordPress
17 8 (0.34%) IPython
18 7 (0.30%) Jupyter
Applications
1 20 (0.84%) HipChat
2 10 (0.42%) Fireworks
2 10 (0.42%) Photoshop
3 3 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 17 (0.72%) Distributed Ledger
2 10 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
3 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.042%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.042%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.042%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 1 (0.042%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 1,346 (56.87%) Amazon AWS
2 498 (21.04%) Microsoft Azure
3 314 (13.27%) Google Cloud Platform
4 210 (8.87%) OpenShift
5 167 (7.06%) AWS CloudFormation
6 157 (6.63%) Amazon EC2
7 149 (6.29%) GitHub
7 149 (6.29%) PaaS
8 118 (4.99%) Serverless
9 96 (4.06%) Amazon S3
10 87 (3.68%) AWS Lambda
10 87 (3.68%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 76 (3.21%) npm
12 71 (3.00%) IaaS
13 67 (2.83%) SaaS
14 62 (2.62%) Cloud Computing
15 61 (2.58%) Datadog
16 59 (2.49%) Heroku
17 55 (2.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 37 (1.56%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 121 (5.11%) DNS
2 115 (4.86%) TCP/IP
3 109 (4.60%) Firewall
4 92 (3.89%) HTTP
5 84 (3.55%) SSL
6 61 (2.58%) Internet
7 36 (1.52%) VPN
8 23 (0.97%) Kerberos
9 21 (0.89%) Intrusion Detection
10 18 (0.76%) OpenVPN
11 16 (0.68%) FTP
12 14 (0.59%) Software-Defined Networking
13 13 (0.55%) SSH
13 13 (0.55%) WAN
14 11 (0.46%) DHCP
14 11 (0.46%) Network Security
14 11 (0.46%) OpenLDAP
15 8 (0.34%) ICMP
16 6 (0.25%) AMQP
16 6 (0.25%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 280 (11.83%) NoSQL
2 224 (9.46%) MongoDB
3 200 (8.45%) Big Data
4 193 (8.15%) PostgreSQL
5 169 (7.14%) MySQL
6 162 (6.84%) Hadoop
7 154 (6.51%) Apache Cassandra
8 102 (4.31%) SQL Server
9 93 (3.93%) Redis
10 84 (3.55%) Amazon RDS
11 60 (2.53%) Relational Database
12 55 (2.32%) Amazon Redshift
13 40 (1.69%) HBase
14 37 (1.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 37 (1.56%) Blockchain
15 36 (1.52%) RDBMS
16 25 (1.06%) BigQuery
17 22 (0.93%) Apache Hive
17 22 (0.93%) Neo4j
18 17 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 895 (37.81%) Jenkins
2 594 (25.10%) Git (software)
3 222 (9.38%) Maven
4 218 (9.21%) JIRA
5 197 (8.32%) Sonatype Nexus
6 150 (6.34%) GitLab
7 136 (5.75%) Artifactory
8 116 (4.90%) Bitbucket
9 107 (4.52%) SonarQube
10 104 (4.39%) TeamCity
11 101 (4.27%) Cucumber
12 93 (3.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 90 (3.80%) Gradle
14 87 (3.68%) Vagrant
15 86 (3.63%) JUnit
16 68 (2.87%) Selenium
17 54 (2.28%) Mockito
18 53 (2.24%) Travis CI
19 50 (2.11%) Visual Studio Team System
20 46 (1.94%) Gerrit
General
1 329 (13.90%) Finance
2 155 (6.55%) Banking
3 99 (4.18%) Telecoms
4 60 (2.53%) Retail
5 39 (1.65%) Marketing
6 37 (1.56%) Law
7 26 (1.10%) Publishing
8 25 (1.06%) Electronics
8 25 (1.06%) Manufacturing
9 22 (0.93%) Games
10 15 (0.63%) Financial Institution
11 13 (0.55%) Investment Banking
12 9 (0.38%) Front Office
13 7 (0.30%) Advertising
14 6 (0.25%) Billing
15 4 (0.17%) Back Office
15 4 (0.17%) Legal
15 4 (0.17%) Mandarin Language
16 3 (0.13%) Retail Banking
17 2 (0.084%) Cantonese Language
Job Titles
1 1,067 (45.08%) DevOps Engineer
2 569 (24.04%) Developer
3 330 (13.94%) AWS DevOps
3 330 (13.94%) AWS Engineer
4 298 (12.59%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 261 (11.03%) Kubernetes Engineer
6 245 (10.35%) Java Developer
7 180 (7.60%) Senior DevOps
8 169 (7.14%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 155 (6.55%) Architect
10 121 (5.11%) Cloud Engineer
11 102 (4.31%) Consultant
12 101 (4.27%) Senior Developer
13 68 (2.87%) DevOps Consultant
14 63 (2.66%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 60 (2.53%) Java Engineer
15 60 (2.53%) Linux Engineer
16 59 (2.49%) Lead DevOps
16 59 (2.49%) Platform Engineer
17 53 (2.24%) Azure DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 297 (12.55%) Node.js
2 250 (10.56%) Kafka
3 248 (10.48%) REST
4 243 (10.27%) Spring
5 240 (10.14%) Elastic Stack
6 229 (9.67%) Web Services
7 156 (6.59%) .NET
8 146 (6.17%) React
9 139 (5.87%) RESTful
10 136 (5.75%) Spring Boot
11 124 (5.24%) HTML
12 106 (4.48%) RabbitMQ
13 103 (4.35%) CSS
14 99 (4.18%) AngularJS
15 85 (3.59%) .NET Core
16 81 (3.42%) ASP.NET Web API
17 76 (3.21%) HTML5
18 75 (3.17%) ActiveMQ
19 72 (3.04%) ASP.NET
20 64 (2.70%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 180 (7.60%) Greenfield Project
2 140 (5.91%) Linux Command Line
3 122 (5.15%) iPad
4 88 (3.72%) Fintech
5 79 (3.34%) Analytical Skills
6 77 (3.25%) Data Centre
7 74 (3.13%) Public Cloud
8 53 (2.24%) Mobile App
9 52 (2.20%) Algorithms
10 46 (1.94%) User Experience
11 37 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
12 33 (1.39%) Cloud Native
12 33 (1.39%) Self-Motivation
13 30 (1.27%) Computer Science
14 26 (1.10%) Data Structures
15 22 (0.93%) Clustering
16 19 (0.80%) Management Information System
17 17 (0.72%) Hybrid Cloud
17 17 (0.72%) Virtual Team
18 15 (0.63%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 973 (41.11%) Linux
2 254 (10.73%) Unix
3 186 (7.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 176 (7.44%) Windows
5 158 (6.68%) CentOS
6 85 (3.59%) Ubuntu
7 62 (2.62%) CoreOS
8 41 (1.73%) Apple iOS
8 41 (1.73%) DC/OS
9 39 (1.65%) Windows Server
10 36 (1.52%) Android
11 22 (0.93%) Windows Server 2008
12 16 (0.68%) Solaris
13 9 (0.38%) Mesosphere
13 9 (0.38%) VMS
14 8 (0.34%) Debian
15 7 (0.30%) AIX
16 6 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
17 3 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
17 3 (0.13%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,620 (68.44%) DevOps
2 1,059 (44.74%) Agile Software Development
3 563 (23.79%) Continuous Integration
4 541 (22.86%) Microservices
5 449 (18.97%) Configuration Management
6 402 (16.98%) TDD
7 384 (16.22%) Scrum
8 309 (13.05%) Open Source
9 290 (12.25%) Continuous Delivery
10 280 (11.83%) Test Automation
11 238 (10.05%) E-Commerce
12 231 (9.76%) BDD
13 205 (8.66%) Software Engineering
14 158 (6.68%) Kanban
15 145 (6.13%) Migration
16 144 (6.08%) Mentoring
17 140 (5.91%) Problem-Solving
18 123 (5.20%) OO
19 110 (4.65%) Load Balancing
20 107 (4.52%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 945 (39.92%) Python
2 840 (35.49%) Java
3 471 (19.90%) Bash Shell
4 410 (17.32%) Ruby
5 292 (12.34%) JavaScript
6 273 (11.53%) Groovy
7 224 (9.46%) Go
8 191 (8.07%) SQL
9 187 (7.90%) Java 8
9 187 (7.90%) Scala
10 165 (6.97%) Perl
11 158 (6.68%) C#
12 104 (4.39%) Shell Script
13 101 (4.27%) C++
14 98 (4.14%) PowerShell
15 52 (2.20%) PHP
16 50 (2.11%) C
17 45 (1.90%) ES6
18 31 (1.31%) TypeScript
19 27 (1.14%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 290 (12.25%) Security Cleared
2 239 (10.10%) SC Cleared
3 53 (2.24%) Degree
4 32 (1.35%) AWS Certification
5 14 (0.59%) CISSP
6 13 (0.55%) Computer Science Degree
7 12 (0.51%) CISMP
8 11 (0.46%) CESG Certified Professional
8 11 (0.46%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.34%) CHECK Team Member
10 7 (0.30%) Master's Degree
11 4 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
11 4 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
12 3 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
12 3 (0.13%) RHCE
12 3 (0.13%) Sun Certification
13 2 (0.084%) CISM
13 2 (0.084%) PMI Certification
13 2 (0.084%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 199 (8.41%) GCP
2 68 (2.87%) QA
3 12 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 10 (0.42%) PCI DSS
5 8 (0.34%) PMO
6 5 (0.21%) GDPR
7 3 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.042%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.042%) PSD2
8 1 (0.042%) SLA
8 1 (0.042%) WCAG
System Software
1 2,013 (85.04%) Docker
2 62 (2.62%) Virtual Machines
3 58 (2.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 45 (1.90%) etcd
4 45 (1.90%) flannel
5 34 (1.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 31 (1.31%) Hyper-V
7 29 (1.23%) VirtualBox
8 27 (1.14%) HDFS
9 23 (0.97%) Active Directory
10 21 (0.89%) Ceph
11 16 (0.68%) KVM
12 12 (0.51%) Varnish
13 9 (0.38%) oVirt
13 9 (0.38%) SkyDNS
14 8 (0.34%) GlusterFS
14 8 (0.34%) RHEV
14 8 (0.34%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 6 (0.25%) Xen
16 5 (0.21%) NFS
Systems Management
1 971 (41.02%) Ansible
2 767 (32.40%) Terraform
3 684 (28.90%) Puppet
4 437 (18.46%) Opscode Chef
5 176 (7.44%) Packer
6 167 (7.06%) Mesos
7 135 (5.70%) Consul
8 114 (4.82%) Prometheus
9 109 (4.60%) Docker Swarm
10 100 (4.22%) Grafana
11 90 (3.80%) logstash
12 87 (3.68%) Kibana
13 80 (3.38%) Nagios
14 72 (3.04%) HAProxy
15 62 (2.62%) Rancher
16 55 (2.32%) Salt
17 39 (1.65%) Sysdig
18 37 (1.56%) ZABBIX
19 34 (1.44%) rkt
20 32 (1.35%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 232 (9.80%) Google
2 152 (6.42%) Splunk
3 137 (5.79%) Red Hat
4 117 (4.94%) Microsoft
5 94 (3.97%) Atlassian
6 82 (3.46%) New Relic
7 76 (3.21%) IBM
7 76 (3.21%) Oracle
7 76 (3.21%) VMware
8 51 (2.15%) AppDynamics
9 42 (1.77%) Hortonworks
10 40 (1.69%) SaltStack
11 28 (1.18%) SAP
12 18 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
13 16 (0.68%) Adobe
14 13 (0.55%) Cloudera
14 13 (0.55%) Sonatype
15 9 (0.38%) Dynatrace
15 9 (0.38%) HP
15 9 (0.38%) Veracode