Period
to 17 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 22 53 69
Rank change year-on-year +31 +16 +131
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 2,652 3,010 3,481
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 6.55% 4.13% 3.50%
As % of the Systems Management category 39.49% 28.54% 23.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,634 2,376 2,664
Median daily rate £525 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% - +2.33%
10th Percentile £400 £413 £419
90th Percentile £700 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £484 £500 £510
% change year-on-year -3.25% -1.96% +5.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 9 3
Median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £47.33
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% -4.92% +18.33%
10th Percentile £31.25 £37.50 £42.47
90th Percentile £68.00 £68.60 £60.67
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.00 £42.00 £47.33
% change year-on-year -7.14% -11.26% +18.33%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,716 10,548 14,589
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.58% 14.48% 14.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,694 7,277 9,932
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £313 £263 £305
90th Percentile £650 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 146 277 354
Median hourly rate £24.42 £18.25 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.78% +4.29% +4.07%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.75 £12.25
90th Percentile £61.60 £48.93 £47.00
Median hourly rate £20.34 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +16.20% - +11.54%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +28 2,198 £525 -4.55% 1,099
London +14 1,460 £550 -4.35% 582
Work from Home +12 912 £525 -4.55% 237
UK excluding London +27 681 £484 -3.25% 565
South East +42 195 £495 -1.00% 94
North of England +18 186 £500 - 218
South West +27 112 £450 -18.18% 59
North West +27 107 £503 -4.29% 122
East of England +55 66 £525 +5.00% 52
Yorkshire +17 64 £475 -5.09% 81
Midlands +25 50 £432 -13.60% 75
Scotland +29 41 £500 - 43
West Midlands +47 32 £425 -19.05% 58
Wales +8 31 £525 +5.00% 19
East Midlands +11 18 £480 +12.94% 17
North East -8 15 £450 +4.65% 15
Northern Ireland +4 2 £450 -21.74% 5

For the 6 months to 17 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,721 (64.89%) Docker
2 1,382 (52.11%) DevOps
3 1,230 (46.38%) AWS
4 1,038 (39.14%) Terraform
5 1,033 (38.95%) Java
6 997 (37.59%) Agile Software Development
7 897 (33.82%) Azure
8 878 (33.11%) Python
9 762 (28.73%) Microservices
10 698 (26.32%) Jenkins
11 662 (24.96%) Linux
12 632 (23.83%) Ansible
13 533 (20.10%) GCP
14 486 (18.33%) Finance
15 480 (18.10%) Node.js
16 456 (17.19%) Git (software)
17 447 (16.86%) JavaScript
18 406 (15.31%) Software Engineering
19 390 (14.71%) Infrastructure as Code
20 372 (14.03%) Security Cleared
21 352 (13.27%) React
22 345 (13.01%) Spring
23 344 (12.97%) SQL
24 324 (12.22%) Bash Shell
25 307 (11.58%) SC Cleared
26 301 (11.35%) Web Services
27 284 (10.71%) Test Automation
28 279 (10.52%) TDD
29 278 (10.48%) Google
30 274 (10.33%) Banking

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 139 (5.24%) Elasticsearch
2 127 (4.79%) Apache
3 106 (4.00%) Confluence
4 92 (3.47%) Apache Spark
5 74 (2.79%) Mule
6 71 (2.68%) nginx
7 46 (1.73%) Cloud Foundry
8 38 (1.43%) JBoss
9 37 (1.40%) OpenStack
10 19 (0.72%) Red Hat Fuse
11 18 (0.68%) BizTalk Server
12 17 (0.64%) Tomcat
13 15 (0.57%) Camunda
14 14 (0.53%) WebLogic
15 13 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 12 (0.45%) Apache Airflow
16 12 (0.45%) Jupyter
17 9 (0.34%) CICS
17 9 (0.34%) WebSphere
18 7 (0.26%) IIS
Applications
1 5 (0.19%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.11%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.038%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.038%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.075%) SAP FI-CA
3 2 (0.075%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.038%) Finacle
4 1 (0.038%) Magento
4 1 (0.038%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.038%) Oracle BRM
4 1 (0.038%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.038%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.038%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.038%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.038%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1,230 (46.38%) AWS
2 897 (33.82%) Azure
3 533 (20.10%) GCP
4 268 (10.11%) Serverless
5 230 (8.67%) OpenShift
6 196 (7.39%) AWS Lambda
7 174 (6.56%) Amazon EKS
8 157 (5.92%) GitHub
9 150 (5.66%) PaaS
10 145 (5.47%) Amazon S3
11 140 (5.28%) AWS CloudFormation
12 119 (4.49%) Amazon ECS
13 106 (4.00%) Amazon EC2
14 96 (3.62%) Amazon SQS
15 86 (3.24%) Apigee
16 81 (3.05%) IaaS
17 75 (2.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 73 (2.75%) SaaS
19 63 (2.38%) AWS Step Functions
20 59 (2.22%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 98 (3.70%) Firewall
2 54 (2.04%) DNS
2 54 (2.04%) HTTP
3 51 (1.92%) TCP/IP
4 40 (1.51%) SSL
4 40 (1.51%) VPN
5 24 (0.90%) Reverse Proxy
6 23 (0.87%) SNMP
7 21 (0.79%) Internet
7 21 (0.79%) Network Security
7 21 (0.79%) VLAN
8 17 (0.64%) DHCP
8 17 (0.64%) WAN
9 16 (0.60%) HTTPS
10 15 (0.57%) FTP
10 15 (0.57%) Kerberos
11 14 (0.53%) Calico
12 12 (0.45%) BGP
13 11 (0.41%) MPLS
14 10 (0.38%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 205 (7.73%) PostgreSQL
2 152 (5.73%) Amazon RDS
3 146 (5.51%) MongoDB
3 146 (5.51%) MySQL
4 140 (5.28%) NoSQL
5 138 (5.20%) SQL Server
6 135 (5.09%) Relational Database
7 106 (4.00%) Big Data
8 84 (3.17%) Hadoop
9 76 (2.87%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 75 (2.83%) BigQuery
11 56 (2.11%) Amazon Redshift
12 50 (1.89%) Azure SQL Database
13 47 (1.77%) Redis
14 42 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
14 42 (1.58%) Apache Hive
15 36 (1.36%) Apache Ignite
16 35 (1.32%) Cosmos DB
17 25 (0.94%) Cloud Spanner
18 24 (0.90%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 698 (26.32%) Jenkins
2 456 (17.19%) Git (software)
3 260 (9.80%) GitLab
4 202 (7.62%) JIRA
5 196 (7.39%) Maven
6 120 (4.52%) Artifactory
7 86 (3.24%) Gradle
8 80 (3.02%) Cucumber
9 74 (2.79%) CircleCI
9 74 (2.79%) Sonatype Nexus
10 69 (2.60%) TeamCity
11 68 (2.56%) JUnit
12 66 (2.49%) Selenium
13 62 (2.34%) SonarQube
14 58 (2.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 52 (1.96%) Travis CI
16 46 (1.73%) gulp
17 41 (1.55%) Bitbucket
18 36 (1.36%) Subversion
19 32 (1.21%) Mockito
General
1 486 (18.33%) Finance
2 274 (10.33%) Banking
3 222 (8.37%) Front Office
4 153 (5.77%) Public Sector
5 58 (2.19%) Telecoms
6 40 (1.51%) Marketing
6 40 (1.51%) Retail
7 34 (1.28%) Investment Banking
8 27 (1.02%) Law
9 22 (0.83%) Manufacturing
10 21 (0.79%) Electronics
11 19 (0.72%) Back Office
12 16 (0.60%) Automotive
12 16 (0.60%) Games
13 11 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
14 9 (0.34%) Financial Institution
14 9 (0.34%) Retail Banking
15 8 (0.30%) Advertising
15 8 (0.30%) Billing
16 7 (0.26%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 912 (34.39%) Developer
2 765 (28.85%) DevOps Engineer
3 377 (14.22%) Java Developer
4 288 (10.86%) AWS Engineer
5 256 (9.65%) AWS DevOps
6 213 (8.03%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 172 (6.49%) Architect
8 170 (6.41%) Azure Engineer
9 151 (5.69%) Cloud Engineer
10 145 (5.47%) AWS Developer
11 142 (5.35%) Kubernetes Engineer
12 129 (4.86%) Software Engineer
13 128 (4.83%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 127 (4.79%) React Developer
15 117 (4.41%) Senior Developer
16 116 (4.37%) Full Stack Developer
17 99 (3.73%) Azure DevOps
18 92 (3.47%) Senior DevOps
19 88 (3.32%) Java Engineer
19 88 (3.32%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 480 (18.10%) Node.js
2 352 (13.27%) React
3 345 (13.01%) Spring
4 301 (11.35%) Web Services
5 253 (9.54%) Kafka
6 231 (8.71%) REST
7 219 (8.26%) Spring Boot
8 166 (6.26%) .NET
9 142 (5.35%) Elastic Stack
10 133 (5.02%) RESTful
11 117 (4.41%) Middleware
12 113 (4.26%) AngularJS
13 108 (4.07%) gRPC
14 95 (3.58%) HTML
15 90 (3.39%) .NET Core
16 88 (3.32%) CSS
17 86 (3.24%) JSON
18 79 (2.98%) Swagger
19 75 (2.83%) Apache Camel
20 73 (2.75%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 239 (9.01%) Greenfield Project
2 152 (5.73%) Cloud Native
3 98 (3.70%) Public Cloud
4 83 (3.13%) User Experience
5 81 (3.05%) Analytical Skills
6 77 (2.90%) Fixed Income
7 57 (2.15%) Derivative
8 55 (2.07%) Data Centre
8 55 (2.07%) Private Cloud
9 51 (1.92%) Equities
10 44 (1.66%) Hedge funds
11 39 (1.47%) Hybrid Cloud
12 36 (1.36%) Enterprise Software
12 36 (1.36%) Self-Motivation
13 32 (1.21%) Linux Command Line
14 27 (1.02%) Management Information System
15 23 (0.87%) iPad
15 23 (0.87%) Mobile App
16 20 (0.75%) Algorithms
16 20 (0.75%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 662 (24.96%) Linux
2 189 (7.13%) Windows
3 184 (6.94%) Unix
4 71 (2.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 60 (2.26%) CentOS
5 60 (2.26%) Windows Server
6 38 (1.43%) Windows Server 2016
7 33 (1.24%) Ubuntu
8 21 (0.79%) Android
9 20 (0.75%) Apple iOS
10 19 (0.72%) Mac OS X
10 19 (0.72%) Windows 10
11 17 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
12 10 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
13 9 (0.34%) VMS
13 9 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
14 8 (0.30%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 6 (0.23%) Debian
16 5 (0.19%) AIX
16 5 (0.19%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,382 (52.11%) DevOps
2 997 (37.59%) Agile Software Development
3 762 (28.73%) Microservices
4 406 (15.31%) Software Engineering
5 390 (14.71%) Infrastructure as Code
6 284 (10.71%) Test Automation
7 279 (10.52%) TDD
8 235 (8.86%) Scrum
9 230 (8.67%) Continuous Integration
10 187 (7.05%) Asset Management
11 184 (6.94%) Configuration Management
12 179 (6.75%) Continuous Delivery
13 164 (6.18%) Investment Management
14 161 (6.07%) BDD
15 158 (5.96%) Continuous Deployment
16 139 (5.24%) Mentoring
17 138 (5.20%) Migration
18 133 (5.02%) Open Source
19 118 (4.45%) Deployment Automation
20 105 (3.96%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 1,033 (38.95%) Java
2 878 (33.11%) Python
3 447 (16.86%) JavaScript
4 344 (12.97%) SQL
5 324 (12.22%) Bash Shell
6 212 (7.99%) Go
7 208 (7.84%) C#
8 190 (7.16%) Java 8
9 185 (6.98%) TypeScript
10 166 (6.26%) PowerShell
11 129 (4.86%) Scala
12 112 (4.22%) Kotlin
13 110 (4.15%) Ruby
14 85 (3.21%) Perl
15 83 (3.13%) C++
16 74 (2.79%) Groovy
16 74 (2.79%) Shell Script
17 61 (2.30%) PHP
18 45 (1.70%) PL/SQL
19 38 (1.43%) ES6
Qualifications
1 372 (14.03%) Security Cleared
2 307 (11.58%) SC Cleared
3 96 (3.62%) Degree
4 35 (1.32%) AWS Certification
5 33 (1.24%) DV Cleared
6 21 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
7 17 (0.64%) Computer Science Degree
8 13 (0.49%) Master's Degree
9 12 (0.45%) Sun Certification
10 10 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
11 8 (0.30%) CCA
11 8 (0.30%) CCNA
11 8 (0.30%) DBS Check
12 7 (0.26%) RHCE
12 7 (0.26%) TOGAF Certification
13 5 (0.19%) CISSP
13 5 (0.19%) ISEB
13 5 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
13 5 (0.19%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 38 (1.43%) QA
2 17 (0.64%) SLA
3 11 (0.41%) PCI DSS
4 10 (0.38%) NIST
5 9 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 7 (0.26%) GDPR
7 6 (0.23%) OASIS TOSCA
8 5 (0.19%) COBIT
9 4 (0.15%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.15%) HIPAA
10 3 (0.11%) RMADS
10 3 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.075%) IFRS
11 2 (0.075%) ISO 20022
11 2 (0.075%) NCSC
11 2 (0.075%) PSD2
11 2 (0.075%) WCAG
12 1 (0.038%) Cyber Essentials
12 1 (0.038%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 1,721 (64.89%) Docker
2 111 (4.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 67 (2.53%) Active Directory
3 67 (2.53%) Virtual Machines
4 36 (1.36%) VMware ESXi
5 33 (1.24%) VMware NSX
6 27 (1.02%) vSphere
7 21 (0.79%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 15 (0.57%) HDFS
8 15 (0.57%) NFS
9 14 (0.53%) Hyper-V
9 14 (0.53%) KVM
10 9 (0.34%) Time Sharing Option
11 8 (0.30%) Xen
12 7 (0.26%) LXC
13 5 (0.19%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
13 5 (0.19%) Ceph
14 4 (0.15%) Varnish
15 3 (0.11%) vCloud
16 2 (0.075%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 1,038 (39.14%) Terraform
2 632 (23.83%) Ansible
3 257 (9.69%) Puppet
4 218 (8.22%) Opscode Chef
5 133 (5.02%) Prometheus
6 108 (4.07%) Grafana
7 77 (2.90%) Istio
8 61 (2.30%) Packer
9 59 (2.22%) Kibana
10 42 (1.58%) Argo
11 36 (1.36%) Rancher
12 35 (1.32%) Consul
13 28 (1.06%) logstash
14 25 (0.94%) Docker Swarm
14 25 (0.94%) Nagios
15 20 (0.75%) Rundeck
16 18 (0.68%) vCenter Server
16 18 (0.68%) ZABBIX
17 17 (0.64%) Fluentd
18 14 (0.53%) vRealize
Vendors
1 278 (10.48%) Google
2 153 (5.77%) Oracle
3 148 (5.58%) Microsoft
3 148 (5.58%) VMware
4 124 (4.68%) Splunk
5 76 (2.87%) Red Hat
6 64 (2.41%) Atlassian
7 58 (2.19%) MuleSoft
8 51 (1.92%) AppDynamics
9 45 (1.70%) Cloudera
10 41 (1.55%) Cisco
11 37 (1.40%) Dell
12 36 (1.36%) Bloomberg
13 35 (1.32%) SAP
14 34 (1.28%) Dynatrace
15 32 (1.21%) Sybase
16 29 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
17 27 (1.02%) Hortonworks
18 24 (0.90%) IBM
19 21 (0.79%) EMC