Period
to 4 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 4 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
4 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 36 49 114
Rank change year-on-year +13 +65 +132
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 1,960 4,064 2,424
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.47% 4.46% 2.34%
As % of the Systems Management category 36.73% 29.96% 17.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,499 3,109 1,774
Median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £413 £425 £406
90th Percentile £713 £698 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £520 £525 £500
% change year-on-year -0.95% +5.00% +3.31%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 16 5
Median hourly rate £35.00 £46.85 £60.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.29% -21.92% +14.29%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £24.25 £57.50
% change year-on-year +44.33% -57.83% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 5,336 13,563 13,885
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.90% 14.88% 13.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,414 9,100 9,265
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
10th Percentile £306 £290 £275
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 151 331 373
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £19.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +9.09% +10.00%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £49.57
Median hourly rate £21.00 £18.25 £17.50
% change year-on-year +15.07% +4.29% +0.63%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 4 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 4 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 1,841 £550 - 625
London +8 1,265 £550 -4.35% 328
UK excluding London +12 606 £520 -0.95% 329
North of England +29 237 £525 +5.00% 117
Work from Home -10 183 £550 +12.82% 115
South East +4 135 £507 -3.43% 74
North West +7 98 £525 - 66
Yorkshire +29 93 £548 +15.37% 36
Midlands +46 69 £435 -13.00% 36
South West -33 59 £525 -6.67% 40
East of England +49 42 £500 -4.76% 30
West Midlands +51 40 £443 -11.50% 28
North East +32 40 £498 +8.74% 15
Wales -2 32 £438 -22.22% 11
Scotland +11 30 £475 -9.52% 21
East Midlands +28 26 £475 -5.00% 8
Northern Ireland +19 4 £400 -20.00% 1

For the 6 months to 4 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,381 (70.46%) Docker
2 1,160 (59.18%) DevOps
3 1,043 (53.21%) AWS
4 848 (43.27%) Agile Software Development
5 794 (40.51%) Azure
6 777 (39.64%) Java
7 741 (37.81%) Terraform
8 703 (35.87%) Python
9 672 (34.29%) Microservices
10 560 (28.57%) Jenkins
11 514 (26.22%) Linux
12 455 (23.21%) Ansible
13 438 (22.35%) Finance
14 423 (21.58%) GCP
15 358 (18.27%) Git (software)
16 353 (18.01%) SQL
17 325 (16.58%) Software Engineering
18 323 (16.48%) Web Services
19 320 (16.33%) JavaScript
20 280 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
21 275 (14.03%) Security Cleared
22 267 (13.62%) Test Automation
23 261 (13.32%) TDD
23 261 (13.32%) Serverless
24 260 (13.27%) Node.js
25 252 (12.86%) OpenShift
26 247 (12.60%) Infrastructure as Code
27 226 (11.53%) C#
28 225 (11.48%) SC Cleared
29 218 (11.12%) React

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 110 (5.61%) Elasticsearch
2 103 (5.26%) Apache
3 98 (5.00%) Confluence
4 91 (4.64%) Apache Spark
5 46 (2.35%) nginx
6 30 (1.53%) Tomcat
7 25 (1.28%) Mule
8 23 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
9 18 (0.92%) OpenStack
10 15 (0.77%) Apache Airflow
10 15 (0.77%) JBoss
10 15 (0.77%) Red Hat Fuse
11 14 (0.71%) WebLogic
11 14 (0.71%) WebSphere
12 11 (0.56%) IIS
12 11 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 10 (0.51%) SharePoint
14 9 (0.46%) SAS
15 7 (0.36%) CMS
15 7 (0.36%) WordPress
Applications
1 9 (0.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.051%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.051%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 5 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 4 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
2 4 (0.20%) Magento
3 3 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.10%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.10%) R3 Corda
4 2 (0.10%) SAP FI-CA
5 1 (0.051%) Actimize
5 1 (0.051%) Maximo
5 1 (0.051%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.051%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.051%) Remedy ITSM
5 1 (0.051%) ResourceLink
Cloud Services
1 1,043 (53.21%) AWS
2 794 (40.51%) Azure
3 423 (21.58%) GCP
4 261 (13.32%) Serverless
5 252 (12.86%) OpenShift
6 200 (10.20%) AWS Lambda
7 184 (9.39%) Amazon ECS
8 164 (8.37%) Amazon EC2
9 157 (8.01%) AWS CloudFormation
10 148 (7.55%) Amazon S3
11 147 (7.50%) GitHub
12 89 (4.54%) PaaS
13 83 (4.23%) Amazon SQS
14 73 (3.72%) SaaS
15 72 (3.67%) Amazon EKS
16 71 (3.62%) Apigee
17 60 (3.06%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 52 (2.65%) IaaS
19 35 (1.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 33 (1.68%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 71 (3.62%) HTTP
2 65 (3.32%) Firewall
3 60 (3.06%) DNS
4 54 (2.76%) SSL
5 52 (2.65%) TCP/IP
6 40 (2.04%) HTTPS
7 24 (1.22%) VPN
8 20 (1.02%) Kerberos
9 18 (0.92%) Reverse Proxy
10 17 (0.87%) Internet
11 16 (0.82%) VLAN
12 14 (0.71%) DHCP
13 12 (0.61%) WAN
14 9 (0.46%) Skype
14 9 (0.46%) SNMP
15 7 (0.36%) DSL
16 6 (0.31%) AMQP
16 6 (0.31%) MPLS
16 6 (0.31%) OpenVPN
17 5 (0.26%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 197 (10.05%) MongoDB
2 184 (9.39%) SQL Server
3 170 (8.67%) NoSQL
4 165 (8.42%) MySQL
5 148 (7.55%) PostgreSQL
6 145 (7.40%) Big Data
7 135 (6.89%) Amazon Redshift
8 125 (6.38%) Amazon RDS
9 97 (4.95%) Hadoop
10 64 (3.27%) Relational Database
11 47 (2.40%) Data Warehouse
12 42 (2.14%) Apache Cassandra
13 38 (1.94%) Redis
14 36 (1.84%) BigQuery
15 30 (1.53%) Cosmos DB
16 29 (1.48%) Data Lake
17 27 (1.38%) Azure SQL Database
18 22 (1.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 21 (1.07%) Apache Hive
20 19 (0.97%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 560 (28.57%) Jenkins
2 358 (18.27%) Git (software)
3 160 (8.16%) GitLab
4 158 (8.06%) Artifactory
5 149 (7.60%) JIRA
6 97 (4.95%) CircleCI
7 82 (4.18%) Maven
8 71 (3.62%) Cucumber
9 70 (3.57%) Mockito
10 65 (3.32%) Selenium
11 49 (2.50%) JUnit
12 47 (2.40%) Gradle
13 46 (2.35%) Bitbucket
13 46 (2.35%) RStudio
14 45 (2.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 43 (2.19%) Travis CI
16 41 (2.09%) Sonatype Nexus
17 37 (1.89%) Subversion
18 35 (1.79%) SonarQube
19 33 (1.68%) webpack
General
1 438 (22.35%) Finance
2 199 (10.15%) Banking
3 139 (7.09%) Public Sector
4 110 (5.61%) Front Office
5 41 (2.09%) Retail
6 39 (1.99%) Back Office
7 36 (1.84%) Investment Banking
8 35 (1.79%) Telecoms
9 20 (1.02%) Law
10 19 (0.97%) Games
11 16 (0.82%) Marketing
12 15 (0.77%) Financial Institution
12 15 (0.77%) Manufacturing
13 9 (0.46%) Electronics
14 7 (0.36%) Advertising
15 6 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.31%) Publishing
16 5 (0.26%) Automotive
17 4 (0.20%) Police
17 4 (0.20%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 673 (34.34%) Developer
2 525 (26.79%) DevOps Engineer
3 328 (16.73%) Java Developer
4 214 (10.92%) AWS Engineer
5 159 (8.11%) AWS DevOps
6 146 (7.45%) Architect
7 130 (6.63%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 115 (5.87%) Kubernetes Engineer
9 98 (5.00%) Software Engineer
10 95 (4.85%) Cloud Engineer
11 94 (4.80%) Senior Developer
12 90 (4.59%) AWS Developer
13 89 (4.54%) Azure Engineer
14 78 (3.98%) Java Engineer
15 73 (3.72%) Python Engineer
16 72 (3.67%) Data Engineer
17 71 (3.62%) Senior DevOps
18 70 (3.57%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 64 (3.27%) Python Developer
20 61 (3.11%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 323 (16.48%) Web Services
2 260 (13.27%) Node.js
3 218 (11.12%) React
4 201 (10.26%) .NET
5 182 (9.29%) Spring
6 171 (8.72%) Kafka
7 166 (8.47%) REST
8 142 (7.24%) AngularJS
9 115 (5.87%) RESTful
10 105 (5.36%) HTML
11 102 (5.20%) .NET Core
12 95 (4.85%) CSS
13 84 (4.29%) Spring Boot
14 80 (4.08%) ActiveMQ
14 80 (4.08%) Swagger
15 74 (3.78%) Elastic Stack
15 74 (3.78%) OAuth
16 72 (3.67%) gRPC
17 71 (3.62%) JAX-RS
18 65 (3.32%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 157 (8.01%) Greenfield Project
2 97 (4.95%) Cloud Native
3 93 (4.74%) Fixed Income
4 87 (4.44%) Analytical Skills
5 79 (4.03%) Public Cloud
6 77 (3.93%) Hedge funds
7 75 (3.83%) Derivative
8 74 (3.78%) Equities
9 68 (3.47%) User Experience
10 45 (2.30%) Linux Command Line
11 28 (1.43%) Data Centre
12 26 (1.33%) Data Structures
12 26 (1.33%) Mobile App
13 25 (1.28%) Algorithms
14 24 (1.22%) Management Information System
15 23 (1.17%) Hybrid Cloud
16 22 (1.12%) iPad
17 20 (1.02%) Virtual Team
18 18 (0.92%) Self-Motivation
19 17 (0.87%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 514 (26.22%) Linux
2 178 (9.08%) Unix
3 158 (8.06%) Windows
4 74 (3.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 72 (3.67%) Mac OS X
6 53 (2.70%) CentOS
7 40 (2.04%) Windows Server
8 25 (1.28%) Windows Server 2016
9 21 (1.07%) Ubuntu
10 18 (0.92%) CoreOS
11 16 (0.82%) Windows 10
12 11 (0.56%) Apple iOS
12 11 (0.56%) Debian
13 10 (0.51%) Android
14 6 (0.31%) Solaris
15 5 (0.26%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
16 4 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
17 3 (0.15%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,160 (59.18%) DevOps
2 848 (43.27%) Agile Software Development
3 672 (34.29%) Microservices
4 325 (16.58%) Software Engineering
5 280 (14.29%) Continuous Integration
6 267 (13.62%) Test Automation
7 261 (13.32%) TDD
8 247 (12.60%) Infrastructure as Code
9 193 (9.85%) BDD
10 177 (9.03%) Scrum
11 175 (8.93%) Continuous Delivery
12 169 (8.62%) Configuration Management
13 167 (8.52%) Asset Management
13 167 (8.52%) Open Source
14 145 (7.40%) Deployment Automation
15 127 (6.48%) Continuous Deployment
15 127 (6.48%) Migration
16 126 (6.43%) Mentoring
17 111 (5.66%) Pair Programming
18 105 (5.36%) Infrastructure Automation
Programming Languages
1 777 (39.64%) Java
2 703 (35.87%) Python
3 353 (18.01%) SQL
4 320 (16.33%) JavaScript
5 226 (11.53%) C#
6 184 (9.39%) Java 8
7 175 (8.93%) Bash Shell
8 146 (7.45%) TypeScript
9 132 (6.73%) PowerShell
10 109 (5.56%) Go
11 85 (4.34%) Ruby
12 80 (4.08%) Scala
13 78 (3.98%) Groovy
14 73 (3.72%) R
15 55 (2.81%) Shell Script
16 43 (2.19%) Perl
17 41 (2.09%) PHP
18 39 (1.99%) Kotlin
19 36 (1.84%) ES6
20 25 (1.28%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 275 (14.03%) Security Cleared
2 225 (11.48%) SC Cleared
3 60 (3.06%) Degree
4 37 (1.89%) BPSS Clearance
5 27 (1.38%) DV Cleared
6 26 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 26 (1.33%) DBS Check
7 23 (1.17%) AWS Certification
7 23 (1.17%) CCA
8 17 (0.87%) Sun Certification
9 8 (0.41%) ISTQB
10 7 (0.36%) SANS
11 5 (0.26%) CISSP
11 5 (0.26%) ISEB
11 5 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
13 3 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.15%) OCP
13 3 (0.15%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (2.40%) QA
2 12 (0.61%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.46%) GDPR
4 7 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 7 (0.36%) SLA
5 6 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (0.31%) PCI DSS
6 5 (0.26%) Cyber Essentials
6 5 (0.26%) HIPAA
7 3 (0.15%) COBIT
7 3 (0.15%) NCSC
8 1 (0.051%) Government Security Classifications
8 1 (0.051%) PMO
System Software
1 1,381 (70.46%) Docker
2 52 (2.65%) Active Directory
3 43 (2.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
5 17 (0.87%) vSphere
6 11 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
7 8 (0.41%) HDFS
8 7 (0.36%) LXC
9 6 (0.31%) VMware NSX
9 6 (0.31%) Xen
10 5 (0.26%) NFS
11 4 (0.20%) Gluster
11 4 (0.20%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.15%) Apache Flume
12 3 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 3 (0.15%) NDS
12 3 (0.15%) Samba
12 3 (0.15%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 3 (0.15%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 741 (37.81%) Terraform
2 455 (23.21%) Ansible
3 216 (11.02%) Puppet
4 151 (7.70%) Opscode Chef
5 91 (4.64%) Packer
6 87 (4.44%) Prometheus
7 50 (2.55%) Grafana
8 48 (2.45%) Kibana
9 34 (1.73%) Salt
10 33 (1.68%) Istio
11 32 (1.63%) Docker Swarm
12 30 (1.53%) logstash
13 25 (1.28%) Rancher
14 22 (1.12%) Zipkin
15 16 (0.82%) Argo
15 16 (0.82%) Consul
16 15 (0.77%) ZABBIX
17 14 (0.71%) Mesos
18 12 (0.61%) Nagios
19 7 (0.36%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 218 (11.12%) Google
2 145 (7.40%) Microsoft
3 123 (6.28%) Oracle
4 84 (4.29%) Cloudera
5 68 (3.47%) Red Hat
6 54 (2.76%) Hortonworks
7 49 (2.50%) VMware
8 47 (2.40%) Splunk
9 42 (2.14%) Atlassian
10 27 (1.38%) SAP
11 26 (1.33%) MuleSoft
12 20 (1.02%) IBM
13 18 (0.92%) SaltStack
14 17 (0.87%) Salesforce.com
14 17 (0.87%) Sybase
15 15 (0.77%) Cisco
15 15 (0.77%) Databricks
15 15 (0.77%) Tableau
16 14 (0.71%) Confluent
16 14 (0.71%) Dell