Period
to 27 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 27 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 26 53 82
Rank change year-on-year +27 +29 +137
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 1,987 3,502 3,085
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 6.14% 4.15% 3.00%
As % of the Systems Management category 38.37% 28.33% 21.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,658 2,706 2,332
Median daily rate £525 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £400 £413 £413
90th Percentile £713 £700 £681
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 20 6
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £51.17
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% -16.94% +46.19%
10th Percentile £31.25 £35.00 £38.13
90th Percentile £48.40 £53.81 £62.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year -12.50% -27.27% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 5,179 12,362 14,638
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.00% 14.66% 14.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,232 8,358 9,886
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £310 £269 £298
90th Percentile £650 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £435
% change year-on-year - +3.45% +5.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 156 313 388
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +20.00% -
10th Percentile £12.71 £12.76 £12.25
90th Percentile £52.75 £50.00 £47.00
Median hourly rate £28.50 £20.11 £17.50
% change year-on-year +41.76% +14.89% +9.38%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +25 1,737 £538 -2.27% 870
London +12 1,165 £550 -4.35% 426
UK excluding London +26 538 £500 - 484
Work from Home +7 496 £525 +5.00% 182
North of England +28 195 £525 +10.53% 151
South East +41 142 £510 -0.97% 129
North West +32 108 £525 +5.00% 90
Yorkshire +37 70 £525 +10.53% 47
South West -3 64 £456 -17.05% 57
Midlands +50 51 £435 -13.00% 66
East of England +66 49 £513 +2.50% 38
West Midlands +56 34 £434 -21.18% 51
Scotland +12 20 £475 -5.00% 30
East Midlands +12 16 £480 +1.05% 15
North East -1 16 £495 +15.12% 14
Wales +11 15 £406 -18.75% 8
Northern Ireland +6 2 £425 -26.09% 8

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 1,290 (64.92%) Docker
2 1,136 (57.17%) DevOps
3 1,048 (52.74%) AWS
4 856 (43.08%) Java
5 820 (41.27%) Agile Software Development
6 768 (38.65%) Azure
7 755 (38.00%) Python
8 730 (36.74%) Terraform
9 695 (34.98%) Microservices
10 583 (29.34%) Jenkins
11 518 (26.07%) Linux
12 497 (25.01%) Ansible
13 411 (20.68%) GCP
14 408 (20.53%) Finance
15 346 (17.41%) Git (software)
16 341 (17.16%) SQL
17 315 (15.85%) Infrastructure as Code
18 292 (14.70%) Web Services
19 286 (14.39%) Security Cleared
20 281 (14.14%) Software Engineering
21 276 (13.89%) TDD
22 268 (13.49%) Bash Shell
23 252 (12.68%) Node.js
24 238 (11.98%) JavaScript
25 235 (11.83%) GitLab
26 232 (11.68%) SC Cleared
27 231 (11.63%) Test Automation
28 228 (11.47%) Serverless
29 227 (11.42%) Banking
30 223 (11.22%) Puppet

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 140 (7.05%) Apache
2 91 (4.58%) Elasticsearch
3 72 (3.62%) Apache Spark
4 70 (3.52%) Confluence
5 58 (2.92%) nginx
6 34 (1.71%) Cloud Foundry
7 29 (1.46%) Mule
8 24 (1.21%) Tomcat
9 23 (1.16%) OpenStack
10 21 (1.06%) JBoss
11 17 (0.86%) WebSphere
12 15 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 14 (0.70%) Jupyter
14 11 (0.55%) WebLogic
15 10 (0.50%) SharePoint
16 9 (0.45%) Apache Airflow
17 8 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
18 7 (0.35%) Red Hat Fuse
19 6 (0.30%) CMS
19 6 (0.30%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 9 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.15%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.050%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 4 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 2 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
2 2 (0.10%) Magento
2 2 (0.10%) NetSuite
2 2 (0.10%) R3 Corda
2 2 (0.10%) SAP FI-CA
2 2 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.050%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.050%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,048 (52.74%) AWS
2 768 (38.65%) Azure
3 411 (20.68%) GCP
4 228 (11.47%) Serverless
5 205 (10.32%) OpenShift
6 180 (9.06%) AWS Lambda
7 167 (8.40%) Amazon ECS
8 153 (7.70%) AWS CloudFormation
9 141 (7.10%) Amazon EC2
10 126 (6.34%) GitHub
11 119 (5.99%) Amazon S3
12 117 (5.89%) Amazon EKS
13 110 (5.54%) PaaS
14 104 (5.23%) Apigee
15 68 (3.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 62 (3.12%) Amazon SQS
17 58 (2.92%) SaaS
18 53 (2.67%) IaaS
19 46 (2.32%) npm
20 35 (1.76%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 104 (5.23%) Firewall
2 57 (2.87%) HTTP
3 56 (2.82%) DNS
4 45 (2.26%) SSL
5 36 (1.81%) VPN
6 34 (1.71%) Reverse Proxy
7 33 (1.66%) TCP/IP
8 29 (1.46%) VLAN
9 25 (1.26%) SNMP
10 23 (1.16%) DHCP
11 21 (1.06%) HTTPS
12 19 (0.96%) Internet
13 16 (0.81%) Kerberos
14 14 (0.70%) WAN
15 12 (0.60%) Skype
16 11 (0.55%) BGP
16 11 (0.55%) MPLS
17 8 (0.40%) Network Security
18 7 (0.35%) Fibre Channel
18 7 (0.35%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 207 (10.42%) PostgreSQL
2 200 (10.07%) MongoDB
3 180 (9.06%) MySQL
4 162 (8.15%) SQL Server
5 140 (7.05%) NoSQL
6 138 (6.95%) Amazon Redshift
7 125 (6.29%) Amazon RDS
8 100 (5.03%) Big Data
9 92 (4.63%) Hadoop
10 62 (3.12%) Relational Database
11 57 (2.87%) BigQuery
12 51 (2.57%) Data Warehouse
13 44 (2.21%) Apache Cassandra
14 37 (1.86%) Azure SQL Database
15 36 (1.81%) Cosmos DB
16 30 (1.51%) Apache Hive
16 30 (1.51%) Redis
17 24 (1.21%) Data Lake
18 16 (0.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 16 (0.81%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 583 (29.34%) Jenkins
2 346 (17.41%) Git (software)
3 235 (11.83%) GitLab
4 174 (8.76%) Artifactory
5 143 (7.20%) JIRA
6 103 (5.18%) Maven
7 65 (3.27%) Mockito
8 64 (3.22%) Cucumber
9 62 (3.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 61 (3.07%) Selenium
11 60 (3.02%) Gradle
12 56 (2.82%) CircleCI
13 49 (2.47%) JUnit
13 49 (2.47%) TeamCity
14 44 (2.21%) Bitbucket
14 44 (2.21%) Sonatype Nexus
15 40 (2.01%) Travis CI
16 38 (1.91%) SonarQube
17 37 (1.86%) Subversion
18 34 (1.71%) RStudio
General
1 408 (20.53%) Finance
2 227 (11.42%) Banking
3 166 (8.35%) Public Sector
4 114 (5.74%) Front Office
5 44 (2.21%) Back Office
6 35 (1.76%) Telecoms
7 31 (1.56%) Retail
8 30 (1.51%) Investment Banking
9 29 (1.46%) Marketing
10 20 (1.01%) Manufacturing
11 17 (0.86%) Electronics
12 16 (0.81%) Law
13 15 (0.75%) Financial Institution
14 11 (0.55%) Games
15 9 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (0.25%) Automotive
16 5 (0.25%) Billing
16 5 (0.25%) Retail Banking
17 4 (0.20%) Advertising
17 4 (0.20%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 665 (33.47%) Developer
2 564 (28.38%) DevOps Engineer
3 340 (17.11%) Java Developer
4 250 (12.58%) AWS Engineer
5 188 (9.46%) AWS DevOps
6 166 (8.35%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 159 (8.00%) Architect
8 125 (6.29%) Kubernetes Engineer
9 118 (5.94%) Cloud Engineer
10 111 (5.59%) Azure Engineer
11 104 (5.23%) AWS Developer
11 104 (5.23%) Software Engineer
12 102 (5.13%) Java Engineer
13 91 (4.58%) Azure DevOps Engineer
14 78 (3.93%) Python Developer
15 77 (3.88%) Senior Developer
16 71 (3.57%) Python Engineer
17 70 (3.52%) Cloud Architect
18 68 (3.42%) Java Software Developer
19 67 (3.37%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 292 (14.70%) Web Services
2 252 (12.68%) Node.js
3 213 (10.72%) Spring
4 184 (9.26%) Kafka
5 174 (8.76%) React
6 155 (7.80%) REST
7 152 (7.65%) .NET
8 120 (6.04%) RESTful
9 115 (5.79%) gRPC
10 113 (5.69%) Elastic Stack
11 106 (5.33%) AngularJS
11 106 (5.33%) Swagger
12 103 (5.18%) Spring Boot
13 91 (4.58%) HTML
14 89 (4.48%) .NET Core
15 83 (4.18%) OAuth
16 68 (3.42%) Middleware
17 64 (3.22%) ActiveMQ
18 62 (3.12%) JAX-RS
19 58 (2.92%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 190 (9.56%) Greenfield Project
2 95 (4.78%) Hedge funds
3 93 (4.68%) Fixed Income
4 76 (3.82%) Derivative
5 75 (3.77%) Public Cloud
6 74 (3.72%) Cloud Native
6 74 (3.72%) Equities
7 64 (3.22%) Analytical Skills
8 38 (1.91%) Linux Command Line
9 36 (1.81%) Data Centre
10 32 (1.61%) User Experience
11 28 (1.41%) Management Information System
12 26 (1.31%) Data Structures
13 25 (1.26%) Hybrid Cloud
14 20 (1.01%) Private Cloud
15 19 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
16 18 (0.91%) iPad
17 17 (0.86%) Algorithms
18 16 (0.81%) Mobile App
19 14 (0.70%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 518 (26.07%) Linux
2 163 (8.20%) Unix
3 149 (7.50%) Windows
4 72 (3.62%) CentOS
5 70 (3.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 62 (3.12%) Mac OS X
7 60 (3.02%) Windows Server
8 42 (2.11%) Windows Server 2016
9 29 (1.46%) Windows 10
10 28 (1.41%) Ubuntu
11 16 (0.81%) Apple iOS
12 12 (0.60%) Android
13 9 (0.45%) CoreOS
13 9 (0.45%) Debian
13 9 (0.45%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 7 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.30%) AIX
15 6 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
15 6 (0.30%) Windows Server 2019
16 4 (0.20%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,136 (57.17%) DevOps
2 820 (41.27%) Agile Software Development
3 695 (34.98%) Microservices
4 315 (15.85%) Infrastructure as Code
5 281 (14.14%) Software Engineering
6 276 (13.89%) TDD
7 231 (11.63%) Test Automation
8 211 (10.62%) Continuous Integration
9 195 (9.81%) BDD
10 179 (9.01%) Scrum
11 170 (8.56%) Asset Management
12 164 (8.25%) Continuous Delivery
13 153 (7.70%) Configuration Management
13 153 (7.70%) Continuous Deployment
14 128 (6.44%) Open Source
15 127 (6.39%) Deployment Automation
16 119 (5.99%) Mentoring
17 116 (5.84%) Migration
18 106 (5.33%) Investment Management
19 92 (4.63%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 856 (43.08%) Java
2 755 (38.00%) Python
3 341 (17.16%) SQL
4 268 (13.49%) Bash Shell
5 238 (11.98%) JavaScript
6 190 (9.56%) Java 8
7 181 (9.11%) C#
8 131 (6.59%) PowerShell
9 111 (5.59%) Go
10 105 (5.28%) TypeScript
11 96 (4.83%) Scala
12 81 (4.08%) Ruby
13 71 (3.57%) Shell Script
14 68 (3.42%) Perl
15 66 (3.32%) Groovy
16 58 (2.92%) R
17 54 (2.72%) PHP
18 53 (2.67%) Kotlin
19 37 (1.86%) C++
20 23 (1.16%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 286 (14.39%) Security Cleared
2 232 (11.68%) SC Cleared
3 56 (2.82%) Degree
4 32 (1.61%) DV Cleared
5 30 (1.51%) AWS Certification
6 29 (1.46%) BPSS Clearance
7 25 (1.26%) Sun Certification
8 20 (1.01%) DBS Check
9 19 (0.96%) Computer Science Degree
10 13 (0.65%) CCA
11 12 (0.60%) Master's Degree
12 7 (0.35%) ISEB
12 7 (0.35%) ISTQB
12 7 (0.35%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
14 5 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
15 4 (0.20%) CISSP
15 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
15 4 (0.20%) SANS
16 3 (0.15%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (1.96%) QA
2 13 (0.65%) GDPR
2 13 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 10 (0.50%) SLA
4 9 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.40%) PCI DSS
6 7 (0.35%) HIPAA
7 6 (0.30%) COBIT
7 6 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
7 6 (0.30%) NIST
8 3 (0.15%) NCSC
9 2 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.10%) OASIS TOSCA
9 2 (0.10%) PSD2
10 1 (0.050%) Government Security Classifications
10 1 (0.050%) IFRS
10 1 (0.050%) IFRS 9
10 1 (0.050%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.050%) RMADS
10 1 (0.050%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,290 (64.92%) Docker
2 81 (4.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 56 (2.82%) Active Directory
4 42 (2.11%) Virtual Machines
5 30 (1.51%) vSphere
6 26 (1.31%) VMware ESXi
7 11 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 11 (0.55%) NFS
7 11 (0.55%) VMware NSX
8 8 (0.40%) KVM
8 8 (0.40%) LXC
9 7 (0.35%) Xen
10 5 (0.25%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.20%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 4 (0.20%) Gluster
11 4 (0.20%) HDFS
11 4 (0.20%) Varnish
12 3 (0.15%) Ceph
12 3 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
12 3 (0.15%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 730 (36.74%) Terraform
2 497 (25.01%) Ansible
3 223 (11.22%) Puppet
4 188 (9.46%) Opscode Chef
5 122 (6.14%) Prometheus
6 87 (4.38%) Packer
7 80 (4.03%) Grafana
8 50 (2.52%) Kibana
9 36 (1.81%) Argo
10 34 (1.71%) logstash
11 33 (1.66%) Istio
12 28 (1.41%) Nagios
12 28 (1.41%) Rancher
13 24 (1.21%) ZABBIX
14 23 (1.16%) Consul
15 18 (0.91%) Rundeck
16 16 (0.81%) Salt
17 14 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
18 11 (0.55%) Zipkin
19 9 (0.45%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 222 (11.17%) Google
2 160 (8.05%) Oracle
3 119 (5.99%) Microsoft
4 95 (4.78%) VMware
5 90 (4.53%) Splunk
6 62 (3.12%) Cloudera
7 60 (3.02%) Atlassian
7 60 (3.02%) Red Hat
8 42 (2.11%) MuleSoft
9 38 (1.91%) Dell
10 35 (1.76%) SAP
11 30 (1.51%) Hortonworks
12 29 (1.46%) Cisco
12 29 (1.46%) SaltStack
13 28 (1.41%) AppDynamics
14 27 (1.36%) IBM
15 25 (1.26%) EMC
16 24 (1.21%) Dynatrace
16 24 (1.21%) Sybase
17 23 (1.16%) Salesforce.com