Period
to 17 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
17 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 48 105 232
Rank change year-on-year +57 +127 +226
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 4,066 2,534 1,098
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.46% 2.46% 1.15%
As % of the Systems Management category 30.17% 18.01% 10.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,043 1,793 804
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £538
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.33% +2.38%
10th Percentile £425 £406 £418
90th Percentile £700 £688 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +5.00% - -9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 5 2
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £60.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -25.00% +14.29% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £42.00 £41.13
90th Percentile £66.46 £73.75 £64.88
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £57.50 -
% change year-on-year -39.13% - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 13,476 14,072 10,952
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.79% 13.65% 11.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,051 9,420 7,250
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +8.24%
10th Percentile £281 £275 £263
90th Percentile £673 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +5.77%
Number of hourly rates quoted 320 386 243
UK median hourly rate £20.95 £19.25 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +10.00% -22.22%
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.13 £10.75
90th Percentile £49.22 £47.83 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £16.94
% change year-on-year +2.86% +3.32% -32.25%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 17 August 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 17 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +50 3,844 £550 - 1,123
London +42 2,556 £575 +4.55% 662
UK excluding London +112 1,456 £525 +5.00% 524
South East +94 418 £525 +5.00% 127
North of England +79 397 £500 +11.11% 125
South West +50 272 £563 +12.50% 82
North West +51 213 £525 +5.00% 83
Yorkshire +76 148 £475 +5.56% 39
Midlands +73 117 £500 +1.57% 53
Scotland +57 97 £525 -2.33% 38
Wales +55 78 £550 +8.91% 11
East of England +40 75 £525 - 74
West Midlands +44 62 £500 -4.76% 38
East Midlands +47 55 £500 +17.65% 15
North East +19 35 £458 +22.00% 3
Northern Ireland +4 7 £531 -7.61% 14

For the 6 months to 17 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 3,030 (74.52%) Docker
2 2,547 (62.64%) DevOps
3 2,149 (52.85%) Amazon AWS
4 1,633 (40.16%) Agile Software Development
5 1,370 (33.69%) Java
6 1,362 (33.50%) Microsoft Azure
7 1,340 (32.96%) Terraform
8 1,274 (31.33%) Python
9 1,260 (30.99%) Ansible
10 1,233 (30.32%) Microservices
11 1,220 (30.00%) Jenkins
12 1,202 (29.56%) Linux
13 803 (19.75%) Git (software)
14 664 (16.33%) Continuous Integration
15 661 (16.26%) Finance
16 643 (15.81%) Google Cloud Platform
17 635 (15.62%) Puppet
18 634 (15.59%) JavaScript
19 493 (12.12%) Security Cleared
20 491 (12.08%) SQL
21 489 (12.03%) OpenShift
22 485 (11.93%) TDD
23 476 (11.71%) Kafka
24 449 (11.04%) Node.js
25 444 (10.92%) .NET
26 440 (10.82%) Software Engineering
27 421 (10.35%) Web Services
28 415 (10.21%) Serverless
29 405 (9.96%) SC Cleared
30 401 (9.86%) Test Automation

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 198 (4.87%) Confluence
2 185 (4.55%) Apache Spark
2 185 (4.55%) Elasticsearch
3 159 (3.91%) nginx
4 136 (3.34%) Apache
5 122 (3.00%) OpenStack
6 101 (2.48%) Tomcat
7 60 (1.48%) Cloud Foundry
8 27 (0.66%) WebSphere
9 26 (0.64%) IIS
10 24 (0.59%) JBoss
11 19 (0.47%) CMS
11 19 (0.47%) SharePoint
12 17 (0.42%) Apache Pig
12 17 (0.42%) Mule
13 14 (0.34%) Apache Solr
14 13 (0.32%) Pachyderm
15 10 (0.25%) Oracle Coherence
16 9 (0.22%) Jupyter
16 9 (0.22%) Magnolia
Applications
1 2 (0.049%) Adobe Premiere
1 2 (0.049%) Chatbot
1 2 (0.049%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.025%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 16 (0.39%) Sonata
2 15 (0.37%) Distributed Ledger
3 9 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 8 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.074%) Eloqua
7 2 (0.049%) NetSuite
7 2 (0.049%) Oracle BPM
8 1 (0.025%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.025%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 2,149 (52.85%) Amazon AWS
2 1,362 (33.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 643 (15.81%) Google Cloud Platform
4 489 (12.03%) OpenShift
5 415 (10.21%) Serverless
6 329 (8.09%) AWS CloudFormation
7 313 (7.70%) Amazon EC2
8 307 (7.55%) Amazon S3
9 271 (6.67%) AWS Lambda
10 243 (5.98%) GitHub
11 234 (5.76%) PaaS
12 205 (5.04%) Amazon ECS
13 183 (4.50%) Amazon SQS
14 132 (3.25%) IaaS
15 114 (2.80%) Amazon EKS
16 108 (2.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 108 (2.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 105 (2.58%) SaaS
18 79 (1.94%) Apigee
19 67 (1.65%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 141 (3.47%) HTTP
2 82 (2.02%) DNS
3 81 (1.99%) Firewall
4 69 (1.70%) VPN
5 67 (1.65%) TCP/IP
6 56 (1.38%) SSL
7 53 (1.30%) Internet
8 47 (1.16%) WAN
9 36 (0.89%) Network Security
10 32 (0.79%) OpenVPN
11 28 (0.69%) FTP
12 25 (0.61%) LAN
12 25 (0.61%) SAN
13 20 (0.49%) Intrusion Detection
14 16 (0.39%) DSL
14 16 (0.39%) VLAN
15 15 (0.37%) IPsec
16 14 (0.34%) AMQP
17 13 (0.32%) DHCP
17 13 (0.32%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 354 (8.71%) MongoDB
2 345 (8.48%) Big Data
3 334 (8.21%) NoSQL
4 278 (6.84%) Amazon RDS
5 265 (6.52%) PostgreSQL
6 224 (5.51%) Hadoop
7 172 (4.23%) Relational Database
8 169 (4.16%) Amazon Redshift
9 150 (3.69%) Apache Cassandra
9 150 (3.69%) MySQL
9 150 (3.69%) SQL Server
10 92 (2.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 92 (2.26%) Redis
11 82 (2.02%) RDBMS
12 81 (1.99%) Azure SQL Database
13 66 (1.62%) Cosmos DB
14 65 (1.60%) Apache Hive
15 64 (1.57%) Data Lake
16 48 (1.18%) Data Warehouse
17 42 (1.03%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 1,220 (30.00%) Jenkins
2 803 (19.75%) Git (software)
3 351 (8.63%) JIRA
4 283 (6.96%) GitLab
5 257 (6.32%) Artifactory
6 191 (4.70%) Maven
7 167 (4.11%) Sonatype Nexus
8 142 (3.49%) TeamCity
8 142 (3.49%) Visual Studio Team System
9 141 (3.47%) SonarQube
10 135 (3.32%) Bitbucket
11 115 (2.83%) JUnit
12 105 (2.58%) Cucumber
13 97 (2.39%) CircleCI
14 93 (2.29%) Mockito
15 92 (2.26%) Selenium
16 89 (2.19%) Gradle
17 80 (1.97%) Travis CI
18 74 (1.82%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 66 (1.62%) RStudio
General
1 661 (16.26%) Finance
2 281 (6.91%) Banking
3 120 (2.95%) Retail
4 109 (2.68%) Front Office
5 48 (1.18%) Legal
5 48 (1.18%) Telecoms
6 44 (1.08%) Law
7 38 (0.93%) Investment Banking
7 38 (0.93%) Marketing
8 33 (0.81%) Games
9 29 (0.71%) Financial Institution
10 28 (0.69%) Manufacturing
11 23 (0.57%) Advertising
12 20 (0.49%) Electronics
12 20 (0.49%) Retail Banking
13 14 (0.34%) Publishing
14 12 (0.30%) Billing
15 11 (0.27%) Automotive
16 2 (0.049%) Back Office
16 2 (0.049%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,408 (34.63%) DevOps Engineer
2 1,151 (28.31%) Developer
3 414 (10.18%) Java Developer
4 407 (10.01%) AWS Engineer
5 376 (9.25%) Architect
6 338 (8.31%) AWS DevOps
7 311 (7.65%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 277 (6.81%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 271 (6.67%) Cloud Engineer
10 215 (5.29%) Senior Developer
11 193 (4.75%) Azure DevOps
12 190 (4.67%) Azure Engineer
13 185 (4.55%) Senior DevOps
14 175 (4.30%) Platform Engineer
15 174 (4.28%) AWS Developer
16 170 (4.18%) Azure DevOps Engineer
17 165 (4.06%) Senior DevOps Engineer
18 136 (3.34%) Full Stack Developer
19 133 (3.27%) Data Engineer
20 126 (3.10%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 476 (11.71%) Kafka
2 449 (11.04%) Node.js
3 444 (10.92%) .NET
4 421 (10.35%) Web Services
5 330 (8.12%) AngularJS
6 302 (7.43%) React
7 300 (7.38%) Spring
8 255 (6.27%) REST
9 234 (5.76%) RESTful
10 209 (5.14%) .NET Core
11 202 (4.97%) Spring Boot
12 178 (4.38%) Elastic Stack
13 174 (4.28%) HTML
14 151 (3.71%) CSS
15 145 (3.57%) J2EE
16 130 (3.20%) JSON
17 124 (3.05%) Vue.js
18 93 (2.29%) HTML5
19 92 (2.26%) .NET Framework
20 88 (2.16%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 255 (6.27%) Greenfield Project
2 134 (3.30%) Public Cloud
3 129 (3.17%) Cloud Native
4 86 (2.12%) Data Centre
5 79 (1.94%) Analytical Skills
5 79 (1.94%) Fixed Income
6 71 (1.75%) Algorithms
7 63 (1.55%) Data Structures
8 61 (1.50%) Mobile App
9 53 (1.30%) Data Protection Act
10 51 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
11 50 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
12 45 (1.11%) Private Cloud
13 42 (1.03%) PKI
14 41 (1.01%) User Experience
15 33 (0.81%) Management Information System
16 32 (0.79%) Derivative
16 32 (0.79%) Self-Motivation
17 30 (0.74%) Hybrid Cloud
18 24 (0.59%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 1,202 (29.56%) Linux
2 269 (6.62%) Unix
3 230 (5.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 218 (5.36%) Windows
5 146 (3.59%) CentOS
6 81 (1.99%) Mac OS X
7 61 (1.50%) Windows Server
8 55 (1.35%) Ubuntu
9 39 (0.96%) CoreOS
10 31 (0.76%) Android
11 30 (0.74%) Apple iOS
12 26 (0.64%) Solaris
13 11 (0.27%) Mesosphere
13 11 (0.27%) VMS
14 7 (0.17%) Debian
14 7 (0.17%) Windows 8
15 5 (0.12%) AIX
16 4 (0.098%) Kali Linux
17 3 (0.074%) Fedora
18 2 (0.049%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,547 (62.64%) DevOps
2 1,633 (40.16%) Agile Software Development
3 1,233 (30.32%) Microservices
4 664 (16.33%) Continuous Integration
5 485 (11.93%) TDD
6 440 (10.82%) Software Engineering
7 401 (9.86%) Test Automation
8 372 (9.15%) Scrum
9 368 (9.05%) Infrastructure as Code
10 366 (9.00%) Configuration Management
11 332 (8.17%) Migration
12 331 (8.14%) Open Source
13 277 (6.81%) BDD
14 265 (6.52%) Continuous Deployment
15 239 (5.88%) Continuous Delivery
16 214 (5.26%) Fintech
17 200 (4.92%) Kanban
18 189 (4.65%) Deployment Automation
19 188 (4.62%) Analytics
20 181 (4.45%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,370 (33.69%) Java
2 1,274 (31.33%) Python
3 634 (15.59%) JavaScript
4 491 (12.08%) SQL
5 384 (9.44%) Bash Shell
6 338 (8.31%) Go
7 318 (7.82%) C#
8 293 (7.21%) Java 8
9 252 (6.20%) Ruby
10 193 (4.75%) PowerShell
11 173 (4.25%) Scala
12 138 (3.39%) Shell Script
13 111 (2.73%) Groovy
14 103 (2.53%) TypeScript
15 84 (2.07%) PHP
16 75 (1.84%) C++
17 70 (1.72%) Perl
18 65 (1.60%) ES6
19 47 (1.16%) Kotlin
20 46 (1.13%) C
Qualifications
1 493 (12.12%) Security Cleared
2 405 (9.96%) SC Cleared
3 91 (2.24%) AWS Certification
4 86 (2.12%) Degree
5 44 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
6 38 (0.93%) DV Cleared
7 37 (0.91%) Computer Science Degree
8 26 (0.64%) CISSP
9 15 (0.37%) DBS Check
10 13 (0.32%) CCA
10 13 (0.32%) IISP
11 12 (0.30%) CTC Cleared
11 12 (0.30%) Master's Degree
12 10 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
13 9 (0.22%) RHCE
14 8 (0.20%) SANS
15 7 (0.17%) RHCSA
16 6 (0.15%) CEH
16 6 (0.15%) Microsoft Certification
16 6 (0.15%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (1.94%) QA
2 36 (0.89%) Data Quality
3 27 (0.66%) PCI DSS
4 22 (0.54%) GDPR
5 18 (0.44%) SLA
6 14 (0.34%) NIST
7 12 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 11 (0.27%) PSD2
9 7 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.049%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.025%) FedRAMP
11 1 (0.025%) NCSC
11 1 (0.025%) PMO
System Software
1 3,030 (74.52%) Docker
2 107 (2.63%) Active Directory
3 102 (2.51%) Virtual Machines
4 86 (2.12%) VMware Infrastructure
5 37 (0.91%) HDFS
6 33 (0.81%) LXC
7 24 (0.59%) Gluster
8 23 (0.57%) Virtual Servers
9 18 (0.44%) Apache Flume
9 18 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 18 (0.44%) Hyper-V
10 17 (0.42%) NFS
11 12 (0.30%) OpenAM
12 11 (0.27%) OpenDJ
13 9 (0.22%) KVM
13 9 (0.22%) VMware ESXi
14 8 (0.20%) vSphere
15 7 (0.17%) vCloud
16 6 (0.15%) Squid
16 6 (0.15%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,340 (32.96%) Terraform
2 1,260 (30.99%) Ansible
3 635 (15.62%) Puppet
4 394 (9.69%) Opscode Chef
5 171 (4.21%) Prometheus
6 157 (3.86%) Grafana
7 150 (3.69%) Packer
8 109 (2.68%) Consul
9 79 (1.94%) Docker Swarm
10 67 (1.65%) Mesos
11 58 (1.43%) Kibana
12 54 (1.33%) Salt
13 48 (1.18%) Marathon
14 40 (0.98%) Rancher
15 37 (0.91%) logstash
16 35 (0.86%) Istio
17 33 (0.81%) Sysdig
17 33 (0.81%) ZABBIX
18 31 (0.76%) Nagios
19 30 (0.74%) FreeIPA
Vendors
1 379 (9.32%) Google
2 261 (6.42%) Microsoft
3 219 (5.39%) Red Hat
4 169 (4.16%) VMware
5 154 (3.79%) Oracle
6 119 (2.93%) Splunk
7 103 (2.53%) Atlassian
8 64 (1.57%) Black Duck
9 54 (1.33%) New Relic
10 47 (1.16%) SAP
11 39 (0.96%) Greenplum
11 39 (0.96%) IBM
12 38 (0.93%) Cloudera
12 38 (0.93%) Veracode
13 36 (0.89%) Hortonworks
14 34 (0.84%) ServiceNow
15 32 (0.79%) Databricks
16 31 (0.76%) Cisco
17 29 (0.71%) SaltStack
18 26 (0.64%) MuleSoft