Period
to 14 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 14 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 53 80 213
Rank change year-on-year +27 +133 +197
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 3,434 3,276 1,300
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 4.08% 3.14% 1.26%
As % of the Systems Management category 27.84% 21.89% 10.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,581 2,414 971
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £413 £413 £413
90th Percentile £700 £686 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 6 1
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £44.92 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.38% +28.33% -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £53.67 -
% change year-on-year -25.46% - -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 12,334 14,968 12,142
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.64% 14.34% 11.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,332 10,109 8,169
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £263 £300 £263
90th Percentile £675 £650 £620
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £413
% change year-on-year +2.86% +6.06% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 318 392 294
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% - -23.08%
10th Percentile £12.68 £12.25 £11.00
90th Percentile £49.13 £47.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £16.19
% change year-on-year +14.29% +8.09% -37.43%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 14 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +24 3,271 £550 - 1,117
London +18 2,147 £575 +4.55% 629
UK excluding London +74 1,231 £500 - 549
South East +56 358 £515 +3.00% 132
North of England +71 339 £495 +4.21% 141
South West +31 249 £550 +4.76% 58
North West +55 167 £525 +9.95% 74
Yorkshire +59 116 £475 +5.56% 49
Midlands +38 92 £500 +11.11% 70
East of England +39 81 £495 -5.71% 87
Scotland -5 68 £500 - 44
North East +26 55 £450 -10.00% 18
East Midlands +31 51 £423 +5.63% 22
Wales +40 44 £488 -4.18% 13
West Midlands +16 41 £550 +15.18% 48
Northern Ireland +8 6 £575 +15.00% 5

For the 6 months to 14 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 2,462 (71.69%) Docker
2 2,186 (63.66%) DevOps
3 1,702 (49.56%) AWS
4 1,334 (38.85%) Agile Software Development
5 1,207 (35.15%) Terraform
6 1,200 (34.94%) Python
7 1,194 (34.77%) Azure
8 1,082 (31.51%) Java
9 1,068 (31.10%) Microservices
10 1,010 (29.41%) Ansible
11 942 (27.43%) Jenkins
12 857 (24.96%) Linux
13 670 (19.51%) GCP
14 598 (17.41%) Git (software)
15 515 (15.00%) Continuous Integration
16 505 (14.71%) Puppet
17 494 (14.39%) Finance
18 457 (13.31%) JavaScript
19 435 (12.67%) Google
20 417 (12.14%) Infrastructure as Code
21 397 (11.56%) SQL
22 386 (11.24%) Software Engineering
23 378 (11.01%) OpenShift
24 377 (10.98%) TDD
25 364 (10.60%) Kafka
26 353 (10.28%) Node.js
27 351 (10.22%) Security Cleared
28 337 (9.81%) Scrum
28 337 (9.81%) .NET
29 328 (9.55%) Opscode Chef

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 190 (5.53%) Elasticsearch
2 172 (5.01%) Apache Spark
3 161 (4.69%) Confluence
4 108 (3.15%) nginx
5 96 (2.80%) Apache
6 63 (1.83%) OpenStack
7 48 (1.40%) Tomcat
8 44 (1.28%) Cloud Foundry
9 34 (0.99%) IIS
10 20 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
11 15 (0.44%) SAS
12 13 (0.38%) JBoss
13 10 (0.29%) Pachyderm
14 8 (0.23%) CMS
14 8 (0.23%) Jupyter
14 8 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 8 (0.23%) SharePoint
15 5 (0.15%) Drupal
15 5 (0.15%) Oracle Coherence
15 5 (0.15%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.029%) Adobe Premiere
1 1 (0.029%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.029%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 1 (0.029%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 16 (0.47%) Sonata
2 6 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
2 6 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 6 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 5 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
3 5 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
3 5 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
4 4 (0.12%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.058%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.058%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.029%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.029%) Finacle
6 1 (0.029%) RMDS
6 1 (0.029%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,702 (49.56%) AWS
2 1,194 (34.77%) Azure
3 670 (19.51%) GCP
4 378 (11.01%) OpenShift
5 321 (9.35%) Serverless
6 220 (6.41%) PaaS
7 209 (6.09%) AWS CloudFormation
8 203 (5.91%) Amazon S3
9 202 (5.88%) AWS Lambda
10 197 (5.74%) GitHub
11 184 (5.36%) Amazon EC2
12 137 (3.99%) IaaS
13 134 (3.90%) Amazon ECS
14 119 (3.47%) SaaS
15 112 (3.26%) Amazon SQS
16 82 (2.39%) Amazon EKS
17 70 (2.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 59 (1.72%) Cloud Computing
19 56 (1.63%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 49 (1.43%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 84 (2.45%) HTTP
2 74 (2.15%) DNS
3 66 (1.92%) Firewall
4 50 (1.46%) TCP/IP
5 49 (1.43%) VPN
6 42 (1.22%) SSL
7 40 (1.16%) Internet
8 38 (1.11%) Network Security
9 31 (0.90%) WAN
10 18 (0.52%) Intrusion Detection
11 17 (0.50%) OpenVPN
12 15 (0.44%) DHCP
12 15 (0.44%) FTP
13 14 (0.41%) SAN
13 14 (0.41%) VLAN
14 12 (0.35%) LAN
15 10 (0.29%) DSL
15 10 (0.29%) Kerberos
16 7 (0.20%) Broadband
16 7 (0.20%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 261 (7.60%) NoSQL
2 254 (7.40%) PostgreSQL
3 237 (6.90%) Big Data
4 235 (6.84%) MongoDB
5 185 (5.39%) Hadoop
6 169 (4.92%) MySQL
7 158 (4.60%) Amazon RDS
8 151 (4.40%) Relational Database
9 112 (3.26%) Amazon Redshift
10 110 (3.20%) SQL Server
11 105 (3.06%) Apache Cassandra
12 100 (2.91%) Redis
13 71 (2.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 71 (2.07%) RDBMS
14 63 (1.83%) BigQuery
15 55 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
16 52 (1.51%) Data Lake
17 50 (1.46%) Apache Hive
17 50 (1.46%) Cosmos DB
18 48 (1.40%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 942 (27.43%) Jenkins
2 598 (17.41%) Git (software)
3 283 (8.24%) JIRA
4 182 (5.30%) GitLab
5 134 (3.90%) TeamCity
6 130 (3.79%) Artifactory
6 130 (3.79%) Maven
7 115 (3.35%) Selenium
8 110 (3.20%) Sonatype Nexus
9 108 (3.15%) Cucumber
10 107 (3.12%) Visual Studio Team System
11 98 (2.85%) Bitbucket
12 93 (2.71%) CircleCI
13 85 (2.48%) SonarQube
14 76 (2.21%) Gradle
15 73 (2.13%) JUnit
16 68 (1.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 66 (1.92%) Octopus Deploy
18 54 (1.57%) Mockito
18 54 (1.57%) Travis CI
General
1 494 (14.39%) Finance
2 277 (8.07%) Banking
3 147 (4.28%) Public Sector
4 93 (2.71%) Front Office
5 85 (2.48%) Retail
6 47 (1.37%) Telecoms
7 41 (1.19%) Law
8 39 (1.14%) Investment Banking
9 34 (0.99%) Legal
10 24 (0.70%) Financial Institution
10 24 (0.70%) Marketing
11 21 (0.61%) Publishing
12 18 (0.52%) Manufacturing
13 16 (0.47%) Games
14 13 (0.38%) Automotive
15 11 (0.32%) Billing
15 11 (0.32%) Retail Banking
16 8 (0.23%) Electronics
17 5 (0.15%) Advertising
17 5 (0.15%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 1,208 (35.18%) DevOps Engineer
2 912 (26.56%) Developer
3 346 (10.08%) AWS Engineer
4 314 (9.14%) Java Developer
5 303 (8.82%) Architect
6 300 (8.74%) AWS DevOps
7 290 (8.44%) Kubernetes Engineer
8 248 (7.22%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 196 (5.71%) Azure Engineer
10 193 (5.62%) Cloud Engineer
11 187 (5.45%) Azure DevOps
12 185 (5.39%) Senior DevOps
13 176 (5.13%) Senior Developer
14 169 (4.92%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 159 (4.63%) Azure DevOps Engineer
16 133 (3.87%) Python Engineer
17 122 (3.55%) Data Engineer
18 110 (3.20%) Python Developer
19 105 (3.06%) AWS Developer
20 103 (3.00%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 364 (10.60%) Kafka
2 353 (10.28%) Node.js
3 337 (9.81%) .NET
4 322 (9.38%) Web Services
5 291 (8.47%) Spring
6 242 (7.05%) React
7 228 (6.64%) REST
8 227 (6.61%) AngularJS
9 184 (5.36%) Spring Boot
10 180 (5.24%) .NET Core
11 178 (5.18%) RESTful
12 142 (4.14%) HTML
13 130 (3.79%) CSS
14 113 (3.29%) Elastic Stack
15 91 (2.65%) GraphQL
16 85 (2.48%) JSON
17 77 (2.24%) Redux
18 74 (2.15%) Vue.js
19 70 (2.04%) RabbitMQ
20 64 (1.86%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 258 (7.51%) Greenfield Project
2 152 (4.43%) Public Cloud
3 117 (3.41%) Cloud Native
4 103 (3.00%) Data Centre
5 86 (2.50%) Analytical Skills
6 76 (2.21%) Linux Command Line
7 59 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
8 54 (1.57%) Fixed Income
9 53 (1.54%) Mobile App
10 51 (1.49%) Algorithms
11 46 (1.34%) Hybrid Cloud
12 42 (1.22%) Derivative
12 42 (1.22%) User Experience
13 41 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
14 34 (0.99%) Data Structures
15 32 (0.93%) Replication
16 25 (0.73%) PKI
17 22 (0.64%) Private Cloud
17 22 (0.64%) Virtual Team
18 21 (0.61%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 857 (24.96%) Linux
2 210 (6.12%) Windows
3 201 (5.85%) Unix
4 139 (4.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 91 (2.65%) CentOS
6 82 (2.39%) Windows Server
7 43 (1.25%) Ubuntu
8 39 (1.14%) Android
9 32 (0.93%) Apple iOS
10 30 (0.87%) CoreOS
11 29 (0.84%) Mac OS X
12 22 (0.64%) VMS
13 14 (0.41%) Debian
14 9 (0.26%) Solaris
15 8 (0.23%) Mesosphere
16 7 (0.20%) AIX
16 7 (0.20%) Windows 8
16 7 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
17 4 (0.12%) DC/OS
17 4 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,186 (63.66%) DevOps
2 1,334 (38.85%) Agile Software Development
3 1,068 (31.10%) Microservices
4 515 (15.00%) Continuous Integration
5 417 (12.14%) Infrastructure as Code
6 386 (11.24%) Software Engineering
7 377 (10.98%) TDD
8 337 (9.81%) Scrum
9 321 (9.35%) Configuration Management
10 318 (9.26%) Test Automation
11 296 (8.62%) Migration
12 251 (7.31%) Open Source
13 223 (6.49%) BDD
14 206 (6.00%) Continuous Delivery
15 200 (5.82%) Kanban
16 170 (4.95%) Analytics
17 160 (4.66%) Fintech
18 156 (4.54%) Problem-Solving
19 154 (4.48%) Continuous Deployment
20 148 (4.31%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,200 (34.94%) Python
2 1,082 (31.51%) Java
3 457 (13.31%) JavaScript
4 397 (11.56%) SQL
5 316 (9.20%) Bash Shell
6 314 (9.14%) C#
7 296 (8.62%) Go
8 202 (5.88%) Ruby
9 186 (5.42%) Java 8
10 184 (5.36%) PowerShell
11 145 (4.22%) Scala
12 129 (3.76%) TypeScript
13 127 (3.70%) Shell Script
14 87 (2.53%) Groovy
15 86 (2.50%) Perl
16 84 (2.45%) PHP
17 63 (1.83%) R
18 59 (1.72%) C++
19 49 (1.43%) C
20 43 (1.25%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 351 (10.22%) Security Cleared
2 288 (8.39%) SC Cleared
3 132 (3.84%) Degree
4 85 (2.48%) AWS Certification
5 48 (1.40%) Computer Science Degree
6 25 (0.73%) BPSS Clearance
6 25 (0.73%) DV Cleared
7 23 (0.67%) CISSP
8 16 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
9 15 (0.44%) DBS Check
9 15 (0.44%) Master's Degree
10 14 (0.41%) CCA
11 13 (0.38%) IISP
11 13 (0.38%) MCSA
12 8 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
12 8 (0.23%) RHCE
13 7 (0.20%) SANS
14 6 (0.17%) MCSE
15 5 (0.15%) RHCSA
16 4 (0.12%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 69 (2.01%) QA
2 19 (0.55%) PCI DSS
3 13 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 11 (0.32%) GDPR
4 11 (0.32%) PSD2
5 9 (0.26%) NIST
6 8 (0.23%) SLA
7 7 (0.20%) Data Quality
8 5 (0.15%) NCSC
9 4 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
9 4 (0.12%) MiFID
10 3 (0.087%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.058%) COBIT
11 2 (0.058%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 1 (0.029%) FedRAMP
12 1 (0.029%) PMO
System Software
1 2,462 (71.69%) Docker
2 88 (2.56%) Active Directory
3 74 (2.15%) Virtual Machines
4 59 (1.72%) VMware Infrastructure
5 27 (0.79%) LXC
6 25 (0.73%) vSphere
7 23 (0.67%) NFS
8 21 (0.61%) Gluster
9 17 (0.50%) HDFS
9 17 (0.50%) Hyper-V
10 16 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 16 (0.47%) VirtualBox
11 12 (0.35%) GlusterFS
12 10 (0.29%) Apache Flume
12 10 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
13 9 (0.26%) OpenAM
13 9 (0.26%) OpenDJ
14 6 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
14 6 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
15 5 (0.15%) Snort
Systems Management
1 1,207 (35.15%) Terraform
2 1,010 (29.41%) Ansible
3 505 (14.71%) Puppet
4 328 (9.55%) Opscode Chef
5 131 (3.81%) Prometheus
6 117 (3.41%) Packer
7 116 (3.38%) Grafana
8 81 (2.36%) Consul
8 81 (2.36%) Docker Swarm
9 70 (2.04%) Kibana
10 54 (1.57%) Salt
11 52 (1.51%) Mesos
12 40 (1.16%) Rancher
13 36 (1.05%) Istio
14 34 (0.99%) Nagios
15 31 (0.90%) Marathon
16 30 (0.87%) logstash
17 22 (0.64%) Kubeflow
17 22 (0.64%) ZABBIX
18 19 (0.55%) Graphite
Vendors
1 435 (12.67%) Google
2 251 (7.31%) Microsoft
3 128 (3.73%) VMware
4 127 (3.70%) Red Hat
5 122 (3.55%) Splunk
6 117 (3.41%) Oracle
7 84 (2.45%) Atlassian
8 48 (1.40%) Cloudera
9 41 (1.19%) New Relic
10 40 (1.16%) Hortonworks
11 36 (1.05%) IBM
12 30 (0.87%) Databricks
13 29 (0.84%) SaltStack
13 29 (0.84%) Veracode
14 28 (0.82%) Cisco
15 25 (0.73%) Greenplum
16 24 (0.70%) Black Duck
17 23 (0.67%) SAP
18 22 (0.64%) ServiceNow
19 21 (0.61%) Informatica