Period
to 23 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 23 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
23 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 251 346 380
Rank change year-on-year +95 +34 0
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 88 300 308
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 0.65% 0.64% 0.57%
As % of the System Software category 4.23% 4.00% 4.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 183 198
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +23.33%
10th Percentile £313 £308 £279
90th Percentile £575 £600 £700
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £496
% change year-on-year +5.26% -4.28% +18.15%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 8 8
Median hourly rate £22.64 £39.75 £19.21
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -43.04% +106.98% +20.03%
10th Percentile £20.99 £14.37 £14.77
90th Percentile £23.72 £42.50 £45.78
UK median hourly rate £23.00 £42.00 £22.38
% change year-on-year -45.24% +87.71% -50.28%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 2,078 7,503 7,683
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 15.23% 15.88% 14.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,257 4,594 4,428
Median daily rate £435 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £164 £160 £163
90th Percentile £578 £600 £563
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 157 501 724
Median hourly rate £18.50 £16.00 £15.86
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.63% +0.91% +1.37%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.77 £46.95 £43.03
Median hourly rate £21.50 £17.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +26.47% +6.25% -4.79%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London.

Daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 23 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London.

Hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 23 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +122 34 £520 +9.47% 12
Scotland +79 17 £425 +30.77%
Midlands +83 11 £450 +9.09% 9
South West +62 10 £450 -5.26% 2
West Midlands +68 9 £450 +7.46% 8
East of England +85 6 £345 -27.37% 3
North of England +74 6 £325 -29.73% 13
Yorkshire +63 6 £325 -12.90% 4
Wales +48 4 £400 - 1
East Midlands +52 2 - - 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 23 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 54 (61.36%) Windows
2 46 (52.27%) Linux
3 37 (42.05%) Azure
4 36 (40.91%) Microsoft
5 22 (25.00%) Migration
5 22 (25.00%) Security Cleared
5 22 (25.00%) DevOps
6 21 (23.86%) IaaS
6 21 (23.86%) Agile Software Development
7 20 (22.73%) SQL
7 20 (22.73%) Active Directory
8 19 (21.59%) PaaS
9 18 (20.45%) VMware
10 17 (19.32%) SC Cleared
10 17 (19.32%) VMware Infrastructure
10 17 (19.32%) Analytics
11 16 (18.18%) Windows Server
11 16 (18.18%) Power Platform
11 16 (18.18%) Oracle
11 16 (18.18%) ITIL
12 15 (17.05%) DNS
12 15 (17.05%) DHCP
12 15 (17.05%) PowerShell
12 15 (17.05%) Security Testing
12 15 (17.05%) Power BI
13 14 (15.91%) Data Lake
13 14 (15.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 14 (15.91%) Business Intelligence
13 14 (15.91%) Visual Studio
14 13 (14.77%) HDInsight

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (11.36%) SharePoint
2 4 (4.55%) Skype for Business
3 3 (3.41%) SAS
4 2 (2.27%) nginx
4 2 (2.27%) Tomcat
Applications
1 4 (4.55%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (4.55%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (3.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (1.14%) AutoCAD
3 1 (1.14%) SPSS
Cloud Services
1 37 (42.05%) Azure
2 21 (23.86%) IaaS
3 19 (21.59%) PaaS
4 16 (18.18%) Power Platform
5 10 (11.36%) Office 365
6 8 (9.09%) AWS
7 4 (4.55%) Serverless
8 3 (3.41%) Amazon EC2
8 3 (3.41%) Amazon S3
8 3 (3.41%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
8 3 (3.41%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (3.41%) OneDrive
8 3 (3.41%) OpenShift
8 3 (3.41%) Route 53
8 3 (3.41%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 2 (2.27%) Apigee
9 2 (2.27%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (1.14%) Azure Data Factory
10 1 (1.14%) Data Lake Analytics
10 1 (1.14%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 15 (17.05%) DHCP
1 15 (17.05%) DNS
2 10 (11.36%) Firewall
3 8 (9.09%) SAN
4 7 (7.95%) VPN
5 6 (6.82%) iSCSI
6 5 (5.68%) Network Security
7 4 (4.55%) Skype
7 4 (4.55%) VSAN
8 3 (3.41%) Remote Desktop
8 3 (3.41%) SSL
8 3 (3.41%) TCP/IP
9 2 (2.27%) 3GPP
9 2 (2.27%) HTTP
9 2 (2.27%) LAN
9 2 (2.27%) Software-Defined Networking
9 2 (2.27%) SSH
10 1 (1.14%) 4G
10 1 (1.14%) Cisco Nexus
10 1 (1.14%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (17.05%) Power BI
2 14 (15.91%) Data Lake
2 14 (15.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 13 (14.77%) HDInsight
4 11 (12.50%) Hadoop
5 7 (7.95%) SQL Server
6 4 (4.55%) Cosmos DB
7 3 (3.41%) Azure SQL Database
7 3 (3.41%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (2.27%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
8 2 (2.27%) Oracle Database
8 2 (2.27%) SQL Server 2012
8 2 (2.27%) SQL Server 2016
8 2 (2.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 1 (1.14%) OLAP Cube
9 1 (1.14%) Qlik Sense
9 1 (1.14%) Relational Database
9 1 (1.14%) SAS Data Integration Studio
9 1 (1.14%) SAS Visual Analytics
9 1 (1.14%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 14 (15.91%) Visual Studio
2 3 (3.41%) Git (software)
3 2 (2.27%) Jenkins
3 2 (2.27%) Subversion
4 1 (1.14%) Bitbucket
4 1 (1.14%) HP UFT
4 1 (1.14%) JIRA
4 1 (1.14%) JUnit
4 1 (1.14%) Mercurial
4 1 (1.14%) NUnit
4 1 (1.14%) Octopus Deploy
4 1 (1.14%) ProC
4 1 (1.14%) SpecFlow
4 1 (1.14%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
4 1 (1.14%) Team Foundation Server
4 1 (1.14%) TeamCity
4 1 (1.14%) Toad
General
1 10 (11.36%) Public Sector
2 3 (3.41%) Banking
2 3 (3.41%) Telecoms
3 2 (2.27%) Finance
3 2 (2.27%) Front Office
4 1 (1.14%) Back Office
4 1 (1.14%) Law
4 1 (1.14%) Legal
4 1 (1.14%) Manufacturing
4 1 (1.14%) Military
4 1 (1.14%) Publishing
4 1 (1.14%) Retail
Job Titles
1 16 (18.18%) DevOps Engineer
2 9 (10.23%) Azure Engineer
3 8 (9.09%) 3rd Line Engineer
4 6 (6.82%) Architect
4 6 (6.82%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 6 (6.82%) Linux Engineer
4 6 (6.82%) Technical Engineer
4 6 (6.82%) Unix Engineer
5 5 (5.68%) Azure DevOps Engineer
5 5 (5.68%) Cloud Engineer
5 5 (5.68%) Developer
6 4 (4.55%) Analyst
6 4 (4.55%) Hadoop Engineer
6 4 (4.55%) Linux DevOps Engineer
6 4 (4.55%) Linux/Unix DevOps
6 4 (4.55%) VMware Engineer
7 3 (3.41%) Administrator
7 3 (3.41%) Consultant
7 3 (3.41%) Security Engineer
7 3 (3.41%) Server Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (5.68%) REST
2 4 (4.55%) XML
3 3 (3.41%) Node.js
3 3 (3.41%) Oracle Fusion
4 2 (2.27%) .NET
4 2 (2.27%) JSON
4 2 (2.27%) Middleware
5 1 (1.14%) .NET Framework
5 1 (1.14%) Ajax
5 1 (1.14%) CSS
5 1 (1.14%) DHTML
5 1 (1.14%) HTML
5 1 (1.14%) jQuery
5 1 (1.14%) LAMP
5 1 (1.14%) LDAP
5 1 (1.14%) Matplotlib
5 1 (1.14%) MDX
5 1 (1.14%) SAML
5 1 (1.14%) SOAP
5 1 (1.14%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 8 (9.09%) Data Centre
2 7 (7.95%) Clustering
3 6 (6.82%) Linux Command Line
4 5 (5.68%) Public Cloud
4 5 (5.68%) User Experience
5 4 (4.55%) Management Information System
5 4 (4.55%) Replication
6 3 (3.41%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
7 2 (2.27%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (1.14%) Cloud Native
8 1 (1.14%) EMC VMAX
8 1 (1.14%) Fat Client
8 1 (1.14%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 1 (1.14%) FlexPod
8 1 (1.14%) Greenfield Project
8 1 (1.14%) NHS
8 1 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
8 1 (1.14%) Social Media
8 1 (1.14%) Thin Client
8 1 (1.14%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 54 (61.36%) Windows
2 46 (52.27%) Linux
3 16 (18.18%) Windows Server
4 11 (12.50%) Unix
5 10 (11.36%) Windows Server 2012
6 9 (10.23%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (10.23%) Solaris
6 9 (10.23%) Windows Server 2016
7 7 (7.95%) Data ONTAP
7 7 (7.95%) Windows 10
8 6 (6.82%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (3.41%) Windows 7
9 3 (3.41%) Windows Server 2003
9 3 (3.41%) Windows Server 2019
10 2 (2.27%) CentOS
10 2 (2.27%) Ubuntu
11 1 (1.14%) AIX
11 1 (1.14%) HPUX
11 1 (1.14%) Mac OS X
11 1 (1.14%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 22 (25.00%) DevOps
1 22 (25.00%) Migration
2 21 (23.86%) Agile Software Development
3 17 (19.32%) Analytics
4 16 (18.18%) ITIL
5 15 (17.05%) Security Testing
6 14 (15.91%) Business Intelligence
7 12 (13.64%) Continuous Integration
7 12 (13.64%) Data Management
7 12 (13.64%) Test Automation
8 11 (12.50%) Continuous Delivery
8 11 (12.50%) Data-Driven Testing
8 11 (12.50%) Project Delivery
9 10 (11.36%) Scrum
9 10 (11.36%) Task Automation
10 7 (7.95%) Infrastructure Engineering
10 7 (7.95%) Kanban
11 6 (6.82%) Disaster Recovery
12 5 (5.68%) ITSM
12 5 (5.68%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 20 (22.73%) SQL
2 15 (17.05%) PowerShell
3 10 (11.36%) Shell Script
4 7 (7.95%) Python
5 4 (4.55%) Bash Shell
6 3 (3.41%) C
6 3 (3.41%) Java
7 2 (2.27%) Go
7 2 (2.27%) JavaScript
7 2 (2.27%) Perl
7 2 (2.27%) PHP
7 2 (2.27%) Ruby
7 2 (2.27%) T-SQL
8 1 (1.14%) Clojure
8 1 (1.14%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
8 1 (1.14%) Kotlin
8 1 (1.14%) PROC SQL
8 1 (1.14%) SAS Macro
8 1 (1.14%) Scala
8 1 (1.14%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 22 (25.00%) Security Cleared
2 17 (19.32%) SC Cleared
3 5 (5.68%) DV Cleared
4 4 (4.55%) Cisco Certification
5 3 (3.41%) (ISC)2 CCSP
5 3 (3.41%) CCSP
5 3 (3.41%) CISM
5 3 (3.41%) CISSP
5 3 (3.41%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
6 2 (2.27%) DBS Check
6 2 (2.27%) Degree
7 1 (1.14%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (1.14%) CCNA
7 1 (1.14%) CCNP
7 1 (1.14%) ITIL Certification
7 1 (1.14%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (4.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 4 (4.55%) NCSC
1 4 (4.55%) NIST
1 4 (4.55%) SLA
2 1 (1.14%) Cyber Essentials
2 1 (1.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
2 1 (1.14%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (1.14%) ISO 9001
2 1 (1.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 20 (22.73%) Active Directory
2 17 (19.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (14.77%) Hyper-V
4 8 (9.09%) VMware ESXi
5 7 (7.95%) Virtual Desktop
6 6 (6.82%) vSphere
7 4 (4.55%) DFS Replication
7 4 (4.55%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (3.41%) Docker
8 3 (3.41%) LXC
8 3 (3.41%) XenApp
9 2 (2.27%) NFS
10 1 (1.14%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 1 (1.14%) Firmware
10 1 (1.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 1 (1.14%) Samba
10 1 (1.14%) Squid
10 1 (1.14%) SRDF
10 1 (1.14%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (1.14%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 8 (9.09%) SCCM
1 8 (9.09%) SCVMM
2 7 (7.95%) SCOM
2 7 (7.95%) WSUS
3 6 (6.82%) Failover Clustering
4 5 (5.68%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
4 5 (5.68%) SCSM
5 4 (4.55%) Microsoft Clustering
5 4 (4.55%) Nexpose
5 4 (4.55%) QRadar
5 4 (4.55%) SCDPM
5 4 (4.55%) vCenter Server
6 3 (3.41%) Backup Exec
6 3 (3.41%) Microsoft Intune
6 3 (3.41%) Nessus
6 3 (3.41%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (2.27%) Kubernetes
7 2 (2.27%) Norton AntiVirus
7 2 (2.27%) Puppet
7 2 (2.27%) vMotion
Vendors
1 36 (40.91%) Microsoft
2 18 (20.45%) VMware
3 16 (18.18%) Oracle
4 12 (13.64%) NetApp
5 10 (11.36%) Informatica
6 9 (10.23%) Hortonworks
7 7 (7.95%) Citrix
7 7 (7.95%) Dell
7 7 (7.95%) Symantec
8 6 (6.82%) HP
8 6 (6.82%) Red Hat
9 5 (5.68%) Cisco
9 5 (5.68%) Splunk
10 4 (4.55%) ArcSight
10 4 (4.55%) Fortinet
10 4 (4.55%) LogRhythm
10 4 (4.55%) Palo Alto
11 3 (3.41%) CloudEndure
11 3 (3.41%) Veeam
12 2 (2.27%) EqualLogic