Period
to 22 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
22 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 282 325 345
Rank change year-on-year +43 +20 +75
Contract jobs citing Virtual Machines 303 382 328
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 0.80% 0.72% 0.62%
As % of the System Software category 4.90% 4.77% 4.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 204 278 201
UK excluding London median daily rate £459 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.42% +5.56% +9.16%
10th Percentile £305 £300 £300
90th Percentile £624 £700 £665
UK median daily rate £470 £488 £475
% change year-on-year -3.59% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 7 4
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £16.86 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +107.59% -54.43% +85.00%
10th Percentile £19.54 £13.20 £11.93
90th Percentile £44.83 £35.00 £73.13
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £47.83
% change year-on-year -1.41% -25.78% +73.93%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 6,187 8,011 6,812
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 16.37% 15.15% 12.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,799 4,776 3,992
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £386
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.03% +10.36%
10th Percentile £153 £160 £148
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £473 £450
% change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 484 598 541
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £15.50 £15.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.45% +3.33% -
10th Percentile £11.25 £10.40 £10.25
90th Percentile £46.02 £44.83 £43.00
UK median hourly rate £17.25 £16.00 £16.00
% change year-on-year +7.81% - -

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 22 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 22 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 22 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +36 106 £500 +12.04% 23
North of England +50 83 £391 -22.52% 26
North West +49 51 £375 -46.43% 15
South West +17 49 £513 +18.50% 12
Yorkshire +55 30 £442 -10.51% 10
Midlands +42 23 £412 -13.21% 12
East of England +26 23 £400 -5.88% 5
West Midlands +42 20 £425 +3.03% 9
Scotland +9 11 £370 -47.14% 3
Northern Ireland +19 6 £384 +28.13%
East Midlands +21 3 £308 -38.50% 3
Wales +14 2 £400 -3.03% 7
North East +8 2 £425 -2.86% 1
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 22 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 149 (49.17%) Windows
2 108 (35.64%) VMware
3 102 (33.66%) Microsoft
4 101 (33.33%) Linux
5 98 (32.34%) Azure
6 87 (28.71%) VMware Infrastructure
7 85 (28.05%) DevOps
8 83 (27.39%) Agile Software Development
9 79 (26.07%) SQL
10 75 (24.75%) Security Cleared
11 74 (24.42%) Active Directory
12 70 (23.10%) Windows Server
13 66 (21.78%) PowerShell
14 61 (20.13%) Test Automation
14 61 (20.13%) Continuous Integration
15 59 (19.47%) IaaS
16 58 (19.14%) Python
17 57 (18.81%) PaaS
18 54 (17.82%) Docker
19 50 (16.50%) SC Cleared
20 47 (15.51%) Analytics
20 47 (15.51%) Infrastructure as Code
21 46 (15.18%) Scrum
22 45 (14.85%) Migration
23 42 (13.86%) Clustering
23 42 (13.86%) AWS
23 42 (13.86%) Kubernetes
23 42 (13.86%) Continuous Delivery
24 41 (13.53%) Hyper-V
25 38 (12.54%) Firewall

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (5.61%) Confluence
1 17 (5.61%) SharePoint
2 14 (4.62%) Apache
3 12 (3.96%) OpenStack
4 11 (3.63%) MS Exchange
5 10 (3.30%) Tomcat
6 9 (2.97%) nginx
7 8 (2.64%) Exchange Server 2013
7 8 (2.64%) Skype for Business
8 6 (1.98%) IIS
8 6 (1.98%) JBoss
8 6 (1.98%) WebLogic
9 4 (1.32%) Exchange Server 2010
9 4 (1.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (1.32%) WebSphere
9 4 (1.32%) WebSphere Application Server
10 3 (0.99%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.66%) Elasticsearch
12 1 (0.33%) Oracle Service Bus
12 1 (0.33%) WildFly
Applications
1 6 (1.98%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.99%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.66%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.33%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 2 (0.66%) assyst
1 2 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.66%) Payment Gateway
2 1 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.33%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.33%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.33%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 98 (32.34%) Azure
2 59 (19.47%) IaaS
3 57 (18.81%) PaaS
4 42 (13.86%) AWS
5 35 (11.55%) Power Platform
6 26 (8.58%) Office 365
7 23 (7.59%) GCP
8 16 (5.28%) OpenShift
9 13 (4.29%) Azure Active Directory
10 9 (2.97%) GitHub
10 9 (2.97%) Serverless
11 8 (2.64%) AWS CloudFormation
12 7 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
13 6 (1.98%) SaaS
14 5 (1.65%) Amazon ECS
14 5 (1.65%) Amazon S3
14 5 (1.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 4 (1.32%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 4 (1.32%) AWS CloudTrail
15 4 (1.32%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 38 (12.54%) Firewall
2 34 (11.22%) DHCP
3 29 (9.57%) DNS
4 25 (8.25%) TCP/IP
5 20 (6.60%) SAN
6 19 (6.27%) HTTP
7 16 (5.28%) Wireless
8 14 (4.62%) VPN
9 12 (3.96%) Internet
10 11 (3.63%) IPv6
10 11 (3.63%) iSCSI
10 11 (3.63%) VSAN
11 10 (3.30%) NAS
11 10 (3.30%) Wireshark
12 9 (2.97%) Ethernet
12 9 (2.97%) NetScaler
12 9 (2.97%) VoIP
13 8 (2.64%) HTTPS
13 8 (2.64%) Skype
14 7 (2.31%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 38 (12.54%) SQL Server
2 35 (11.55%) Power BI
3 33 (10.89%) Data Lake
3 33 (10.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 32 (10.56%) HDInsight
5 12 (3.96%) Azure SQL Database
5 12 (3.96%) SQL Server 2016
5 12 (3.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 8 (2.64%) SQL Server 2012
7 7 (2.31%) MySQL
7 7 (2.31%) SQL Server 2014
8 6 (1.98%) Amazon RDS
9 5 (1.65%) Amazon Redshift
10 4 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
11 3 (0.99%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
11 3 (0.99%) Electronic Patient Records
11 3 (0.99%) Oracle Database
12 2 (0.66%) Microsoft Analysis Services
12 2 (0.66%) Oracle Reports
12 2 (0.66%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 36 (11.88%) Jenkins
2 35 (11.55%) Visual Studio
3 34 (11.22%) Git (software)
4 20 (6.60%) JIRA
5 18 (5.94%) Visual Studio Team System
6 8 (2.64%) GitLab
7 7 (2.31%) Vagrant
8 6 (1.98%) Artifactory
8 6 (1.98%) Gerrit
8 6 (1.98%) SonarQube
9 5 (1.65%) Sonatype Nexus
10 4 (1.32%) Robot Framework
10 4 (1.32%) Subversion
10 4 (1.32%) Team Foundation Server
11 3 (0.99%) Maven
11 3 (0.99%) Selenium
12 2 (0.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 2 (0.66%) FitNesse
12 2 (0.66%) Mercurial
12 2 (0.66%) Mockito
General
1 14 (4.62%) Banking
2 12 (3.96%) Public Sector
3 9 (2.97%) Finance
4 8 (2.64%) Publishing
5 6 (1.98%) Retail
6 5 (1.65%) Military
7 4 (1.32%) German Language
8 3 (0.99%) French Language
9 2 (0.66%) Italian Language
9 2 (0.66%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.66%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.33%) Avionics
10 1 (0.33%) Back Office
10 1 (0.33%) Law
10 1 (0.33%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 49 (16.17%) DevOps Engineer
2 32 (10.56%) Infrastructure Engineer
3 30 (9.90%) Azure Engineer
4 29 (9.57%) Administrator
5 19 (6.27%) Azure DevOps Engineer
6 16 (5.28%) Consultant
6 16 (5.28%) Developer
7 15 (4.95%) Architect
7 15 (4.95%) Support Engineer
8 14 (4.62%) VMware Engineer
9 13 (4.29%) Systems Administrator
9 13 (4.29%) Systems Engineer
9 13 (4.29%) Technical Engineer
10 10 (3.30%) Analyst
10 10 (3.30%) Azure DevOps
10 10 (3.30%) Cloud Engineer
11 8 (2.64%) Automation Engineer
11 8 (2.64%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
12 7 (2.31%) VMware Consultant
13 6 (1.98%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (5.28%) .NET
1 16 (5.28%) 802.1X
2 14 (4.62%) Web Services
3 12 (3.96%) HTML
4 10 (3.30%) YAML
5 9 (2.97%) Middleware
6 8 (2.64%) JSON
6 8 (2.64%) REST
7 7 (2.31%) .NET Framework
7 7 (2.31%) RESTful
8 4 (1.32%) boto
8 4 (1.32%) CSS
8 4 (1.32%) Elastic Stack
8 4 (1.32%) HTML5
8 4 (1.32%) LDAP
8 4 (1.32%) Spring
8 4 (1.32%) XML
9 3 (0.99%) Node.js
9 3 (0.99%) Spring Boot
10 2 (0.66%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 42 (13.86%) Clustering
2 38 (12.54%) Data Centre
3 16 (5.28%) Analytical Skills
4 14 (4.62%) Linux Command Line
4 14 (4.62%) User Experience
5 12 (3.96%) Self-Motivation
6 11 (3.63%) Replication
7 10 (3.30%) PKI
8 9 (2.97%) Hybrid Cloud
9 7 (2.31%) IPTV
10 5 (1.65%) Virtual Team
11 4 (1.32%) Management Information System
11 4 (1.32%) Private Cloud
12 3 (0.99%) Blog
12 3 (0.99%) NHS
12 3 (0.99%) Public Cloud
12 3 (0.99%) Smartphone
12 3 (0.99%) VxBlock/Vblock
13 2 (0.66%) Data Structures
13 2 (0.66%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 149 (49.17%) Windows
2 101 (33.33%) Linux
3 70 (23.10%) Windows Server
4 32 (10.56%) Windows Server 2012
5 27 (8.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 24 (7.92%) Windows 10
7 19 (6.27%) Unix
7 19 (6.27%) VMS
8 14 (4.62%) Windows 7
9 11 (3.63%) Solaris
9 11 (3.63%) Windows 8
10 8 (2.64%) Windows Server 2008
11 7 (2.31%) CentOS
12 5 (1.65%) Oracle Linux
12 5 (1.65%) SUSE
12 5 (1.65%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.99%) AIX
13 3 (0.99%) HPUX
13 3 (0.99%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.99%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 85 (28.05%) DevOps
2 83 (27.39%) Agile Software Development
3 61 (20.13%) Continuous Integration
3 61 (20.13%) Test Automation
4 47 (15.51%) Analytics
4 47 (15.51%) Infrastructure as Code
5 46 (15.18%) Scrum
6 45 (14.85%) Migration
7 42 (13.86%) Continuous Delivery
8 36 (11.88%) Business Intelligence
8 36 (11.88%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 34 (11.22%) Data Management
10 29 (9.57%) Data-Driven Testing
10 29 (9.57%) ITIL
10 29 (9.57%) Security Testing
11 26 (8.58%) High Availability
12 24 (7.92%) Configuration Management
13 23 (7.59%) Open Source
14 22 (7.26%) Problem-Solving
15 21 (6.93%) Network Virtualisation
Programming Languages
1 79 (26.07%) SQL
2 66 (21.78%) PowerShell
3 58 (19.14%) Python
4 31 (10.23%) C#
5 23 (7.59%) C
5 23 (7.59%) Java
6 20 (6.60%) Bash Shell
7 13 (4.29%) JavaScript
8 11 (3.63%) Go
9 8 (2.64%) R
10 7 (2.31%) Perl
11 6 (1.98%) MATLAB
11 6 (1.98%) PHP
11 6 (1.98%) Ruby
12 4 (1.32%) T-SQL
12 4 (1.32%) VBScript
13 2 (0.66%) Groovy
13 2 (0.66%) PL/SQL
13 2 (0.66%) Shell Script
13 2 (0.66%) Tcl
Qualifications
1 75 (24.75%) Security Cleared
2 50 (16.50%) SC Cleared
3 23 (7.59%) DV Cleared
4 18 (5.94%) Degree
5 15 (4.95%) Microsoft Certification
6 8 (2.64%) Citrix Certification
7 6 (1.98%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (1.98%) Computer Science Degree
7 6 (1.98%) MCTS
8 5 (1.65%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 4 (1.32%) AWS Certification
9 4 (1.32%) ITIL Certification
9 4 (1.32%) MCSE
10 3 (0.99%) ACSP
10 3 (0.99%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.99%) CCNA
10 3 (0.99%) MCITP
10 3 (0.99%) VCAP
10 3 (0.99%) VCP4
10 3 (0.99%) VCP5
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (2.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 7 (2.31%) SLA
3 4 (1.32%) QA
4 3 (0.99%) Cyber Essentials
4 3 (0.99%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
4 3 (0.99%) NCSC
4 3 (0.99%) RMADS
5 2 (0.66%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 15288
System Software
1 87 (28.71%) VMware Infrastructure
2 74 (24.42%) Active Directory
3 54 (17.82%) Docker
4 41 (13.53%) Hyper-V
5 29 (9.57%) VMware ESXi
6 23 (7.59%) NFS
6 23 (7.59%) vSphere
7 16 (5.28%) XenApp
7 16 (5.28%) XenDesktop
8 14 (4.62%) LXC
8 14 (4.62%) vCloud
9 13 (4.29%) VMware NSX
10 12 (3.96%) Virtual Servers
11 11 (3.63%) Microsoft App-V
11 11 (3.63%) VMFS
12 10 (3.30%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 10 (3.30%) Virtual Desktop
13 9 (2.97%) DFS Replication
14 7 (2.31%) VirtualBox
15 6 (1.98%) Gluster
Systems Management
1 42 (13.86%) Kubernetes
2 34 (11.22%) Ansible
3 29 (9.57%) SCVMM
4 27 (8.91%) SCOM
4 27 (8.91%) vCenter Server
5 23 (7.59%) Microsoft Clustering
5 23 (7.59%) SCCM
6 22 (7.26%) Puppet
7 21 (6.93%) Opscode Chef
7 21 (6.93%) Terraform
8 17 (5.61%) vRealize
9 13 (4.29%) Failover Clustering
9 13 (4.29%) vMotion
10 10 (3.30%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
10 10 (3.30%) WSUS
11 9 (2.97%) SCDPM
11 9 (2.97%) SCSM
12 8 (2.64%) Single Sign-On
13 7 (2.31%) Grafana
14 6 (1.98%) Kibana
Vendors
1 108 (35.64%) VMware
2 102 (33.66%) Microsoft
3 37 (12.21%) Oracle
4 36 (11.88%) Red Hat
5 26 (8.58%) Citrix
6 23 (7.59%) Dell
7 22 (7.26%) Cisco
8 21 (6.93%) Google
9 17 (5.61%) HP
10 12 (3.96%) Informatica
11 10 (3.30%) EMC
12 8 (2.64%) ArcSight
12 8 (2.64%) NetApp
13 7 (2.31%) PlateSpin
14 6 (1.98%) Coverity
14 6 (1.98%) Sun
15 5 (1.65%) Intel
15 5 (1.65%) Ivanti
15 5 (1.65%) Meraki
16 4 (1.32%) Veeam