Period
to 27 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 27 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
27 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 66 87 55
Rank change year-on-year +21 -32 +1
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,267 2,160 4,335
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.44% 2.62% 4.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.27% 8.64% 11.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 999 1,510 3,172
Median daily rate £500 £510 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.96% +2.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £350 £401 £375
90th Percentile £682 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 7 20
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £41.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -16.17% +4.38%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - -17.65% -5.56%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 11,238 25,012 36,335
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.54% 30.35% 34.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,397 17,283 25,670
Median daily rate £480 £495 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.03% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £331 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £426 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -2.74% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 170 289 315
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.67% +1.20% +3.75%
10th Percentile £25.50 £19.85 £17.00
90th Percentile £62.08 £74.50 £60.00
Median hourly rate £40.25 £41.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year -1.83% -1.20% +1.22%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 27 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 27 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +30 1,092 £508 -1.84% 435
London +18 714 £540 -1.82% 222
UK excluding London +18 414 £450 -5.26% 272
Work from Home +2 299 £473 -14.09% 144
North of England +45 145 £450 -5.26% 95
Yorkshire +15 69 £450 -7.69% 51
East of England +84 54 £475 - 12
Scotland -17 54 £400 -11.11% 48
South West +38 53 £500 +11.11% 35
South East +2 53 £438 -7.89% 45
North West +40 51 £450 -2.70% 34
Midlands 0 32 £428 -9.89% 27
North East +52 25 £475 +15.15% 10
West Midlands +7 20 £400 -15.79% 20
Northern Ireland +6 14 £431 - 6
East Midlands +24 10 £508 +26.88% 7
Wales +23 9 £425 +2.41% 5

For the 6 months to 27 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,219 (96.21%) Java
2 706 (55.72%) Agile Software Development
3 678 (53.51%) Spring Boot
4 607 (47.91%) Microservices
5 415 (32.75%) Jenkins
6 400 (31.57%) Java 8
7 392 (30.94%) AWS
8 387 (30.54%) Git (software)
9 344 (27.15%) Maven
10 343 (27.07%) REST
11 341 (26.91%) TDD
12 339 (26.76%) Docker
13 301 (23.76%) JavaScript
14 300 (23.68%) SQL
15 285 (22.49%) DevOps
16 282 (22.26%) Kubernetes
17 280 (22.10%) Finance
18 275 (21.70%) Scrum
19 255 (20.13%) Banking
20 235 (18.55%) Web Services
21 217 (17.13%) JIRA
22 213 (16.81%) Linux
23 208 (16.42%) AngularJS
24 204 (16.10%) HTML
25 200 (15.79%) BDD
26 196 (15.47%) JUnit
27 194 (15.31%) React
28 190 (15.00%) Test Automation
29 189 (14.92%) Oracle
30 188 (14.84%) Software Engineering

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 157 (12.39%) Confluence
2 139 (10.97%) Mule
3 90 (7.10%) Red Hat Fuse
4 82 (6.47%) Cloud Foundry
5 68 (5.37%) Elasticsearch
5 68 (5.37%) JBoss
5 68 (5.37%) WebLogic
6 48 (3.79%) Apache
7 46 (3.63%) Tomcat
8 43 (3.39%) WebSphere
9 20 (1.58%) Apache Solr
10 15 (1.18%) Apache Spark
10 15 (1.18%) Jetty
11 13 (1.03%) Oracle Service Bus
11 13 (1.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 12 (0.95%) BizTalk Server
13 11 (0.87%) MQSeries
14 10 (0.79%) Apache ServiceMix
14 10 (0.79%) Oracle Self-Service HR
15 9 (0.71%) SharePoint
Applications
1 12 (0.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.32%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.079%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 13 (1.03%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 10 (0.79%) Oracle BPM
3 6 (0.47%) Temenos T24
4 3 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.079%) Exstream
6 1 (0.079%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.079%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.079%) Maximo
6 1 (0.079%) Minerva
6 1 (0.079%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 392 (30.94%) AWS
2 152 (12.00%) Azure
3 107 (8.45%) GitHub
4 90 (7.10%) GCP
5 64 (5.05%) Slack
6 57 (4.50%) OpenShift
7 51 (4.03%) PaaS
8 37 (2.92%) Serverless
9 33 (2.60%) Amazon ECS
10 31 (2.45%) IaaS
11 27 (2.13%) Apigee
12 26 (2.05%) AWS CloudFormation
13 25 (1.97%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 23 (1.82%) AWS Lambda
15 22 (1.74%) Amazon EC2
16 21 (1.66%) Amazon S3
16 21 (1.66%) npm
17 19 (1.50%) AWS Fargate
18 18 (1.42%) SaaS
19 14 (1.10%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 47 (3.71%) HTTP
2 25 (1.97%) SSL
3 15 (1.18%) Internet
4 14 (1.10%) TCP/IP
5 13 (1.03%) DNS
5 13 (1.03%) SSH
6 11 (0.87%) Firewall
7 10 (0.79%) Reverse Proxy
8 7 (0.55%) FTP
8 7 (0.55%) HTTPS
9 5 (0.39%) Kerberos
10 4 (0.32%) AMQP
11 2 (0.16%) Ethernet
11 2 (0.16%) Network Security
11 2 (0.16%) SMS
11 2 (0.16%) WebEx
12 1 (0.079%) DAB
12 1 (0.079%) DHCP
12 1 (0.079%) FIX Connectivity
12 1 (0.079%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 169 (13.34%) Relational Database
2 145 (11.44%) MySQL
3 132 (10.42%) PostgreSQL
4 131 (10.34%) MongoDB
5 117 (9.23%) NoSQL
6 83 (6.55%) SQL Server
7 59 (4.66%) Oracle Database
8 41 (3.24%) Hadoop
8 41 (3.24%) RDBMS
9 38 (3.00%) Apache Cassandra
10 30 (2.37%) Amazon Aurora
11 26 (2.05%) Hazelcast
12 25 (1.97%) Redis
13 23 (1.82%) Amazon RDS
14 20 (1.58%) Oracle Database 11g
15 19 (1.50%) Big Data
16 16 (1.26%) Oracle Database 12c
17 12 (0.95%) Oracle Database 10g
18 9 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 9 (0.71%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 415 (32.75%) Jenkins
2 387 (30.54%) Git (software)
3 344 (27.15%) Maven
4 217 (17.13%) JIRA
5 196 (15.47%) JUnit
6 112 (8.84%) Gradle
7 104 (8.21%) Mockito
8 102 (8.05%) Cucumber
9 99 (7.81%) Sonatype Nexus
10 93 (7.34%) GitLab
11 83 (6.55%) Subversion
12 66 (5.21%) Selenium
13 62 (4.89%) SonarQube
14 51 (4.03%) IntelliJ
15 48 (3.79%) Android Studio
16 47 (3.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 44 (3.47%) JMeter
18 41 (3.24%) Artifactory
18 41 (3.24%) CocoaPods
18 41 (3.24%) Xcode
General
1 280 (22.10%) Finance
2 255 (20.13%) Banking
3 111 (8.76%) Front Office
4 103 (8.13%) Public Sector
5 101 (7.97%) Investment Banking
6 20 (1.58%) Games
6 20 (1.58%) Marketing
6 20 (1.58%) Retail
7 16 (1.26%) Telecoms
8 14 (1.10%) Advertising
9 13 (1.03%) Manufacturing
9 13 (1.03%) Retail Banking
10 10 (0.79%) Back Office
11 9 (0.71%) Electronics
12 6 (0.47%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.39%) Aerospace
13 5 (0.39%) Legal
14 4 (0.32%) Corporate Banking
15 3 (0.24%) Law
16 2 (0.16%) Military
Job Titles
1 932 (73.56%) Developer
2 709 (55.96%) Java Developer
3 152 (12.00%) Senior Developer
4 134 (10.58%) Senior Java Developer
5 104 (8.21%) Full Stack Developer
6 86 (6.79%) Java Engineer
7 74 (5.84%) Architect
8 66 (5.21%) AWS Developer
8 66 (5.21%) Software Engineer
9 63 (4.97%) Integration Developer
10 41 (3.24%) SC Cleared Java Developer
11 38 (3.00%) Java Software Engineer
12 37 (2.92%) Lead Developer
13 31 (2.45%) Angular Developer
14 30 (2.37%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 30 (2.37%) Solutions Architect
15 28 (2.21%) Technical Leader
16 26 (2.05%) AWS Engineer
16 26 (2.05%) Lead Java Developer
16 26 (2.05%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 678 (53.51%) Spring Boot
2 343 (27.07%) REST
3 235 (18.55%) Web Services
4 208 (16.42%) AngularJS
5 204 (16.10%) HTML
6 194 (15.31%) React
7 184 (14.52%) Hibernate
7 184 (14.52%) RESTful
8 181 (14.29%) Node.js
9 174 (13.73%) JSON
10 173 (13.65%) Apache Camel
11 155 (12.23%) Kafka
12 149 (11.76%) CSS
13 148 (11.68%) Middleware
14 123 (9.71%) XML
15 118 (9.31%) HTML5
16 108 (8.52%) SOAP
17 106 (8.37%) J2EE
17 106 (8.37%) Spring Integration
18 97 (7.66%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 113 (8.92%) Mobile App
2 65 (5.13%) User Experience
3 64 (5.05%) Enterprise Software
4 52 (4.10%) Fixed Income
5 39 (3.08%) Analytical Skills
6 33 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
7 32 (2.53%) Data Structures
8 31 (2.45%) Public Cloud
9 29 (2.29%) Clustering
10 19 (1.50%) Derivative
11 16 (1.26%) Cloud Native
12 14 (1.10%) Algorithms
12 14 (1.10%) Equities
12 14 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
12 14 (1.10%) Pricing Data
12 14 (1.10%) Virtual Team
13 12 (0.95%) Mobile Payment
14 10 (0.79%) Hybrid Cloud
15 8 (0.63%) Credit Risk
15 8 (0.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 213 (16.81%) Linux
2 139 (10.97%) Unix
3 71 (5.60%) Android
4 61 (4.81%) Apple iOS
5 45 (3.55%) Windows
6 21 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 15 (1.18%) Mac OS X
8 12 (0.95%) CentOS
8 12 (0.95%) Ubuntu
9 10 (0.79%) Debian
10 3 (0.24%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.24%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.16%) AIX
11 2 (0.16%) Solaris
12 1 (0.079%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.079%) OpenVMS
12 1 (0.079%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.079%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 706 (55.72%) Agile Software Development
2 607 (47.91%) Microservices
3 341 (26.91%) TDD
4 285 (22.49%) DevOps
5 275 (21.70%) Scrum
6 200 (15.79%) BDD
7 190 (15.00%) Test Automation
8 188 (14.84%) Software Engineering
9 187 (14.76%) Continuous Integration
10 147 (11.60%) Continuous Delivery
11 132 (10.42%) Kanban
12 124 (9.79%) OO
13 106 (8.37%) SDLC
14 99 (7.81%) Unit Testing
15 96 (7.58%) Pair Programming
16 94 (7.42%) Open Source
17 92 (7.26%) Multithreading
18 84 (6.63%) Problem-Solving
19 72 (5.68%) Web Development
20 66 (5.21%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,219 (96.21%) Java
2 400 (31.57%) Java 8
3 301 (23.76%) JavaScript
4 300 (23.68%) SQL
5 182 (14.36%) Python
6 122 (9.63%) Kotlin
7 71 (5.60%) Scala
8 64 (5.05%) PL/SQL
9 49 (3.87%) TypeScript
10 46 (3.63%) Apple Swift
11 45 (3.55%) Shell Script
12 31 (2.45%) C#
13 30 (2.37%) Bash Shell
14 26 (2.05%) C++
15 24 (1.89%) Perl
16 22 (1.74%) Go
17 19 (1.50%) Groovy
17 19 (1.50%) T-SQL
18 17 (1.34%) ES6
19 14 (1.10%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 176 (13.89%) Security Cleared
2 137 (10.81%) SC Cleared
3 52 (4.10%) Degree
4 30 (2.37%) DV Cleared
5 23 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
6 15 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (0.87%) ISEB
7 11 (0.87%) ISTQB
7 11 (0.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 9 (0.71%) AWS Certification
8 9 (0.71%) OCPJP
8 9 (0.71%) Sun Certification
9 7 (0.55%) Master's Degree
10 1 (0.079%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.079%) CISSP
10 1 (0.079%) CREST Certified
10 1 (0.079%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 1 (0.079%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.079%) SANS
10 1 (0.079%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (3.71%) QA
2 6 (0.47%) WCAG
3 4 (0.32%) GDPR
3 4 (0.32%) MiFID
3 4 (0.32%) NCSC
4 3 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.16%) ISO 9001
5 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 2 (0.16%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.079%) Basel III
6 1 (0.079%) IFRS
6 1 (0.079%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.079%) PMO
6 1 (0.079%) SLA
System Software
1 339 (26.76%) Docker
2 6 (0.47%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.39%) Postfix
4 4 (0.32%) HDFS
4 4 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (0.32%) vSphere
5 2 (0.16%) NFS
5 2 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.079%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.079%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.079%) NDS
6 1 (0.079%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 1 (0.079%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 282 (22.26%) Kubernetes
2 97 (7.66%) Terraform
3 58 (4.58%) Ansible
4 42 (3.31%) Prometheus
5 22 (1.74%) Puppet
6 18 (1.42%) Kibana
7 14 (1.10%) Grafana
8 12 (0.95%) Salt
9 10 (0.79%) logstash
9 10 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.47%) HP ALM
11 5 (0.39%) Rundeck
11 5 (0.39%) Zipkin
12 4 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
13 3 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
13 3 (0.24%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 3 (0.24%) vRealize
14 2 (0.16%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
14 2 (0.16%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 189 (14.92%) Oracle
2 99 (7.81%) Splunk
3 87 (6.87%) AppDynamics
4 75 (5.92%) MuleSoft
5 56 (4.42%) Sybase
6 42 (3.31%) Red Hat
7 36 (2.84%) Microsoft
8 31 (2.45%) Atlassian
9 28 (2.21%) SAP
9 28 (2.21%) webMethods
10 21 (1.66%) Axway
11 20 (1.58%) BEA
12 19 (1.50%) Google
13 17 (1.34%) TIBCO
14 15 (1.18%) Murex
14 15 (1.18%) Talend
15 14 (1.10%) Blue Coat
15 14 (1.10%) F5
16 13 (1.03%) Bloomberg
16 13 (1.03%) Sparx