Period
to 19 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 19 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
19 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 60 70 75
Rank change year-on-year +10 +5 +30
Contract jobs citing Spring 3,653 2,938 2,909
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.61% 3.17% 2.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.08% 10.05% 9.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,615 2,093 2,148
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £361 £325 £313
90th Percentile £620 £606 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +5.45% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 9 18
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £52.50 £57.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.29% -7.89% +22.58%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £52.50 £57.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% -7.89% +22.58%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,982 29,235 30,596
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.62% 31.55% 28.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,265 20,180 21,207
UK median daily rate £475 £435 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.20% +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 331 365 481
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.50 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.23% +4.52% +10.71%
10th Percentile £17.25 £15.75 £15.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.50 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £38.63
% change year-on-year +2.50% +3.56% +7.29%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 19 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 3,307 £488 +7.14% 785
UK excluding London +10 1,864 £435 +5.45% 477
London +2 1,737 £525 +5.00% 367
South East +42 665 £475 - 137
North of England +3 467 £425 +6.25% 138
Yorkshire +18 270 £425 +6.25% 48
Scotland +2 219 £400 +13.48% 36
Midlands +14 187 £425 +6.25% 50
North West -10 182 £413 - 73
East of England -16 136 £450 +5.88% 44
South West -27 123 £425 +10.46% 49
West Midlands +20 101 £400 -5.88% 23
East Midlands -6 86 £450 +12.50% 27
Northern Ireland +24 53 £450 +28.57% 10
Wales -40 28 £338 -15.63% 13
North East -20 21 £425 +10.75% 17

For the 6 months to 19 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,531 (96.66%) Java
2 2,217 (60.69%) Agile Software Development
3 1,467 (40.16%) TDD
4 1,257 (34.41%) Spring Boot
5 1,232 (33.73%) Hibernate
6 1,216 (33.29%) Microservices
7 1,181 (32.33%) Java 8
8 1,047 (28.66%) JavaScript
9 1,029 (28.17%) REST
10 984 (26.94%) Git (software)
11 948 (25.95%) Jenkins
12 942 (25.79%) Maven
13 935 (25.60%) Web Services
14 855 (23.41%) RESTful
15 814 (22.28%) BDD
16 812 (22.23%) Scrum
17 785 (21.49%) SQL
18 730 (19.98%) Continuous Integration
19 707 (19.35%) JUnit
20 663 (18.15%) Finance
21 621 (17.00%) HTML
22 620 (16.97%) J2EE
23 619 (16.94%) AngularJS
24 611 (16.73%) Linux
25 585 (16.01%) Test Automation
26 578 (15.82%) MVC
27 562 (15.38%) Docker
28 549 (15.03%) Amazon AWS
29 530 (14.51%) OO
29 530 (14.51%) Oracle

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 310 (8.49%) Apache
2 305 (8.35%) JBoss
3 296 (8.10%) Tomcat
4 227 (6.21%) Elasticsearch
5 219 (6.00%) Confluence
6 179 (4.90%) WebSphere
7 144 (3.94%) WebLogic
8 124 (3.39%) Cloud Foundry
9 99 (2.71%) Apache Spark
10 98 (2.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 83 (2.27%) Mule
12 79 (2.16%) Apache Solr
13 67 (1.83%) Jetty
14 44 (1.20%) CMS
15 42 (1.15%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 38 (1.04%) MQSeries
16 38 (1.04%) Mule ESB
17 35 (0.96%) WebSphere Application Server
18 28 (0.77%) Apache ServiceMix
19 26 (0.71%) GemFire
Applications
1 9 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.11%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.027%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.027%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 23 (0.63%) Oracle BPM
2 21 (0.57%) Payment Gateway
3 19 (0.52%) SAP Hybris
4 8 (0.22%) ION MarketView
5 4 (0.11%) Global One
6 3 (0.082%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 2 (0.055%) BusinessWorks
7 2 (0.055%) Oracle Cash Management
7 2 (0.055%) Oracle General Ledger
7 2 (0.055%) SDL Web 8
8 1 (0.027%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.027%) Oracle SCM
8 1 (0.027%) Staffware
Cloud Services
1 549 (15.03%) Amazon AWS
2 130 (3.56%) GitHub
3 116 (3.18%) Microsoft Azure
4 77 (2.11%) Amazon EC2
5 57 (1.56%) npm
6 55 (1.51%) PaaS
7 44 (1.20%) Amazon SQS
8 39 (1.07%) Amazon S3
9 35 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
10 33 (0.90%) IaaS
10 33 (0.90%) OpenShift
11 31 (0.85%) Serverless
12 29 (0.79%) Slack
13 26 (0.71%) SaaS
14 23 (0.63%) Google Cloud Platform
15 21 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
16 15 (0.41%) Heroku
17 14 (0.38%) Yarn
18 13 (0.36%) AWS CloudFormation
19 11 (0.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 174 (4.76%) HTTP
2 80 (2.19%) TCP/IP
3 58 (1.59%) Internet
4 46 (1.26%) SSL
5 30 (0.82%) SMS
6 26 (0.71%) Kerberos
7 24 (0.66%) Firewall
7 24 (0.66%) FTP
8 17 (0.47%) DNS
9 14 (0.38%) SSH
10 10 (0.27%) SMTP
11 9 (0.25%) Network Security
12 7 (0.19%) Intranet
12 7 (0.19%) WAN
13 6 (0.16%) Ethernet
13 6 (0.16%) MPLS
14 4 (0.11%) BIG-IP
14 4 (0.11%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
15 3 (0.082%) AMQP
15 3 (0.082%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 494 (13.52%) NoSQL
2 427 (11.69%) MongoDB
3 423 (11.58%) Relational Database
4 326 (8.92%) MySQL
5 307 (8.40%) PostgreSQL
6 233 (6.38%) SQL Server
7 212 (5.80%) RDBMS
8 196 (5.37%) Big Data
9 183 (5.01%) Hadoop
10 156 (4.27%) Apache Cassandra
11 124 (3.39%) Oracle Database
12 123 (3.37%) Redis
13 101 (2.76%) DB2
14 75 (2.05%) HBase
15 39 (1.07%) Neo4j
16 36 (0.99%) Couchbase
16 36 (0.99%) Oracle Database 11g
17 31 (0.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 30 (0.82%) Apache Hive
18 30 (0.82%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 984 (26.94%) Git (software)
2 948 (25.95%) Jenkins
3 942 (25.79%) Maven
4 707 (19.35%) JUnit
5 382 (10.46%) JIRA
6 335 (9.17%) Gradle
7 295 (8.08%) Mockito
8 284 (7.77%) Cucumber
9 213 (5.83%) Subversion
10 212 (5.80%) Eclipse
11 202 (5.53%) Selenium
12 149 (4.08%) IntelliJ
13 123 (3.37%) Ant
14 116 (3.18%) TeamCity
15 107 (2.93%) SonarQube
16 71 (1.94%) Hudson
17 66 (1.81%) Bitbucket
18 61 (1.67%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 59 (1.62%) Sonatype Nexus
20 53 (1.45%) GitLab
General
1 663 (18.15%) Finance
2 514 (14.07%) Banking
3 179 (4.90%) Investment Banking
4 93 (2.55%) Retail
5 90 (2.46%) Games
6 61 (1.67%) Front Office
7 39 (1.07%) Law
8 37 (1.01%) Telecoms
9 32 (0.88%) Publishing
10 28 (0.77%) Back Office
11 23 (0.63%) Marketing
12 22 (0.60%) Manufacturing
13 21 (0.57%) Legal
14 18 (0.49%) Retail Banking
15 16 (0.44%) Advertising
16 11 (0.30%) Financial Institution
17 9 (0.25%) General Ledger
17 9 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
18 8 (0.22%) Automotive
18 8 (0.22%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 3,057 (83.68%) Developer
2 2,585 (70.76%) Java Developer
3 507 (13.88%) Senior Developer
4 457 (12.51%) Senior Java Developer
5 210 (5.75%) Java Engineer
6 202 (5.53%) Full Stack Developer
7 185 (5.06%) Agile Developer
8 164 (4.49%) Agile Java Developer
9 161 (4.41%) Lead Developer
10 156 (4.27%) Architect
11 150 (4.11%) Lead Java Developer
12 126 (3.45%) Software Engineer
13 109 (2.98%) Angular Developer
14 101 (2.76%) Java Software Engineer
15 93 (2.55%) AWS Developer
16 89 (2.44%) JavaScript Developer
17 84 (2.30%) Scala Developer
18 76 (2.08%) J2EE Developer
18 76 (2.08%) Java/J2EE Developer
19 70 (1.92%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,257 (34.41%) Spring Boot
2 1,232 (33.73%) Hibernate
3 1,029 (28.17%) REST
4 935 (25.60%) Web Services
5 855 (23.41%) RESTful
6 621 (17.00%) HTML
7 620 (16.97%) J2EE
8 619 (16.94%) AngularJS
9 527 (14.43%) SOAP
10 507 (13.88%) CSS
11 474 (12.98%) JSON
12 453 (12.40%) XML
13 423 (11.58%) Node.js
14 418 (11.44%) Spring MVC
15 411 (11.25%) JMS
16 336 (9.20%) HTML5
17 312 (8.54%) Kafka
18 311 (8.51%) Java EE
19 284 (7.77%) React
20 254 (6.95%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 289 (7.91%) Greenfield Project
2 129 (3.53%) Enterprise Software
3 116 (3.18%) Analytical Skills
4 105 (2.87%) Computer Science
5 103 (2.82%) User Experience
6 97 (2.66%) Virtual Team
7 82 (2.24%) Linux Command Line
8 73 (2.00%) Fintech
9 72 (1.97%) Data Structures
10 68 (1.86%) Mobile App
11 49 (1.34%) Algorithms
11 49 (1.34%) Derivative
12 44 (1.20%) iPad
13 37 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 37 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
14 32 (0.88%) Fixed Income
15 25 (0.68%) Digital Media
16 24 (0.66%) Equities
16 24 (0.66%) Wiki
17 21 (0.57%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 611 (16.73%) Linux
2 450 (12.32%) Unix
3 59 (1.62%) Windows
4 46 (1.26%) Android
4 46 (1.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 41 (1.12%) Apple iOS
6 28 (0.77%) CentOS
6 28 (0.77%) Solaris
7 24 (0.66%) Ubuntu
8 22 (0.60%) Mac OS X
9 19 (0.52%) HPUX
10 6 (0.16%) Debian
10 6 (0.16%) VMS
11 5 (0.14%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.055%) DC/OS
12 2 (0.055%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.055%) Windows 2000
12 2 (0.055%) Windows Server
12 2 (0.055%) Windows Vista
12 2 (0.055%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,217 (60.69%) Agile Software Development
2 1,467 (40.16%) TDD
3 1,216 (33.29%) Microservices
4 814 (22.28%) BDD
5 812 (22.23%) Scrum
6 730 (19.98%) Continuous Integration
7 585 (16.01%) Test Automation
8 578 (15.82%) MVC
9 530 (14.51%) OO
10 502 (13.74%) DevOps
11 410 (11.22%) Software Engineering
12 352 (9.64%) Open Source
13 319 (8.73%) SOA
14 301 (8.24%) E-Commerce
15 293 (8.02%) Kanban
16 289 (7.91%) Unit Testing
17 235 (6.43%) SDLC
18 224 (6.13%) Pair Programming
19 195 (5.34%) Problem-Solving
20 184 (5.04%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 3,531 (96.66%) Java
2 1,181 (32.33%) Java 8
3 1,047 (28.66%) JavaScript
4 785 (21.49%) SQL
5 332 (9.09%) Scala
6 211 (5.78%) Python
7 172 (4.71%) Groovy
8 134 (3.67%) Ruby
9 116 (3.18%) Shell Script
10 96 (2.63%) Bash Shell
11 80 (2.19%) PL/SQL
12 70 (1.92%) TypeScript
13 66 (1.81%) Perl
14 64 (1.75%) ES6
15 63 (1.72%) C++
16 61 (1.67%) C#
17 49 (1.34%) XPath
18 46 (1.26%) Kotlin
19 38 (1.04%) Java 9
20 37 (1.01%) PHP
Qualifications
1 236 (6.46%) Degree
2 213 (5.83%) Security Cleared
3 147 (4.02%) SC Cleared
4 73 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 38 (1.04%) DV Cleared
6 33 (0.90%) Master's Degree
7 30 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
8 11 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
9 10 (0.27%) DBS Check
10 6 (0.16%) Oracle Certification
11 4 (0.11%) OCP
11 4 (0.11%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.082%) BC Cleared
12 3 (0.082%) OCPJP
13 2 (0.055%) ITIL Certification
13 2 (0.055%) OCA
13 2 (0.055%) PhD
14 1 (0.027%) CTC Cleared
14 1 (0.027%) Six Sigma Black Belt
14 1 (0.027%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 161 (4.41%) QA
2 18 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
3 14 (0.38%) MiFID
4 12 (0.33%) GCP
5 11 (0.30%) Dodd-Frank
5 11 (0.30%) EMIR
6 8 (0.22%) PMO
7 7 (0.19%) SEPA
8 6 (0.16%) PSD2
8 6 (0.16%) SLA
9 5 (0.14%) GDPR
10 4 (0.11%) PCI DSS
11 3 (0.082%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.027%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 562 (15.38%) Docker
2 90 (2.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 67 (1.83%) HDFS
4 31 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
5 28 (0.77%) Active Directory
6 22 (0.60%) vSphere
7 10 (0.27%) OpenAM
8 6 (0.16%) OpenIDM
8 6 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
9 5 (0.14%) VMware Server
10 3 (0.082%) QEMU
10 3 (0.082%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.055%) Firmware
11 2 (0.055%) LXC
11 2 (0.055%) Platform Symphony
11 2 (0.055%) Squid
12 1 (0.027%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.027%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.027%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 204 (5.58%) Puppet
2 192 (5.26%) Ansible
3 154 (4.22%) Kubernetes
4 141 (3.86%) Opscode Chef
5 106 (2.90%) Terraform
6 78 (2.14%) Hadoop YARN
7 56 (1.53%) Grafana
8 42 (1.15%) Kibana
9 34 (0.93%) Docker Swarm
10 31 (0.85%) Single Sign-On
11 29 (0.79%) Consul
12 28 (0.77%) Cobbler
13 25 (0.68%) logstash
14 14 (0.38%) Graylog
15 10 (0.27%) Prometheus
16 8 (0.22%) Business Desktop Deployment
16 8 (0.22%) Salt
17 7 (0.19%) Nagios
18 6 (0.16%) Packer
18 6 (0.16%) Rancher
Vendors
1 530 (14.51%) Oracle
2 136 (3.72%) IBM
3 95 (2.60%) Google
4 83 (2.27%) Red Hat
5 74 (2.03%) Splunk
6 65 (1.78%) MuleSoft
7 62 (1.70%) hybris
8 56 (1.53%) Adobe
9 48 (1.31%) AppDynamics
10 47 (1.29%) Perforce
11 42 (1.15%) Microsoft
11 42 (1.15%) Sybase
12 39 (1.07%) SAP
13 35 (0.96%) TIBCO
14 33 (0.90%) Atlassian
15 31 (0.85%) VMware
16 26 (0.71%) Hortonworks
17 24 (0.66%) ATG
18 23 (0.63%) webMethods
19 20 (0.55%) New Relic