Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 86 55 55
Rank change year-on-year -31 0 +25
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,300 4,305 3,705
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.72% 4.16% 3.70%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.81% 11.94% 11.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,551 3,125 2,579
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £341
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 18 14
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £43.75 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% +6.06% -13.16%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £43.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year -20.00% +2.94% -10.53%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 26,107 36,058 32,358
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.82% 34.85% 32.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,145 25,401 22,729
UK median daily rate £498 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.74% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 281 316 369
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £41.57 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.64% +3.93% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.26 £15.94 £18.40
90th Percentile £70.00 £59.38 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £41.25 £40.40
% change year-on-year +3.03% +2.10% +12.23%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -33 2,029 £513 +0.99% 714
London -19 1,164 £550 - 377
UK excluding London -38 1,106 £450 - 398
South East -53 293 £475 -5.00% 99
North of England -54 217 £450 +2.86% 103
Scotland -6 198 £450 +5.88% 38
South West +15 134 £450 +5.88% 45
Midlands -35 118 £463 +2.78% 50
Yorkshire -8 116 £450 +2.86% 51
East of England -23 94 £475 -2.06% 40
North West -69 90 £450 - 45
West Midlands -26 84 £463 +2.78% 31
East Midlands -25 34 £438 +9.38% 19
Wales -6 23 £415 -2.35% 16
Northern Ireland -7 19 £438 +6.12% 8
North East -22 11 £413 +1.35% 7
Channel Islands +3 9 - -

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,130 (92.61%) Java
2 1,380 (60.00%) Agile Software Development
3 989 (43.00%) Spring Boot
4 975 (42.39%) Microservices
5 819 (35.61%) Java 8
6 793 (34.48%) TDD
7 626 (27.22%) Git (software)
8 624 (27.13%) JavaScript
9 601 (26.13%) Jenkins
10 592 (25.74%) Docker
11 589 (25.61%) AWS
12 573 (24.91%) REST
13 559 (24.30%) SQL
14 525 (22.83%) Scrum
15 488 (21.22%) Maven
16 475 (20.65%) Hibernate
16 475 (20.65%) AngularJS
17 473 (20.57%) DevOps
18 443 (19.26%) JUnit
19 430 (18.70%) Web Services
19 430 (18.70%) RESTful
20 410 (17.83%) BDD
21 408 (17.74%) Finance
22 403 (17.52%) HTML
23 364 (15.83%) Continuous Integration
24 362 (15.74%) CSS
25 329 (14.30%) Linux
26 326 (14.17%) React
27 323 (14.04%) JSON
28 320 (13.91%) Test Automation

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 178 (7.74%) Confluence
2 125 (5.43%) Tomcat
3 123 (5.35%) Apache
4 94 (4.09%) JBoss
5 88 (3.83%) Elasticsearch
6 81 (3.52%) Apache Spark
7 58 (2.52%) WebSphere
8 48 (2.09%) Cloud Foundry
9 46 (2.00%) WebLogic
10 44 (1.91%) Apache Solr
11 32 (1.39%) Jetty
12 30 (1.30%) Mule
13 22 (0.96%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 20 (0.87%) CMS
15 18 (0.78%) Magnolia
16 17 (0.74%) Alfresco
17 16 (0.70%) nginx
18 15 (0.65%) Anypoint
19 14 (0.61%) OpenStack
20 11 (0.48%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 11 (0.48%) GIMP
1 11 (0.48%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.17%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.043%) Adobe Premiere
3 1 (0.043%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.043%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.043%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 7 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.22%) Magento
2 5 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.13%) Fredhopper
3 3 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.087%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.087%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.087%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.087%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.043%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.043%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.043%) Quorum
5 1 (0.043%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.043%) Ripple XRP
5 1 (0.043%) SAP CAR
5 1 (0.043%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.043%) Shopify
5 1 (0.043%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 589 (25.61%) AWS
2 250 (10.87%) Azure
3 135 (5.87%) GitHub
4 93 (4.04%) GCP
5 78 (3.39%) Amazon EC2
6 71 (3.09%) Amazon SQS
7 66 (2.87%) OpenShift
8 64 (2.78%) Serverless
9 52 (2.26%) AWS Lambda
10 37 (1.61%) Amazon S3
11 36 (1.57%) Slack
12 35 (1.52%) npm
13 34 (1.48%) PaaS
14 33 (1.43%) SaaS
15 25 (1.09%) Cloud Computing
16 17 (0.74%) Amazon Kinesis
16 17 (0.74%) Apigee
17 14 (0.61%) Google Docs
17 14 (0.61%) IaaS
18 12 (0.52%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 85 (3.70%) HTTP
2 44 (1.91%) TCP/IP
3 31 (1.35%) FTP
4 28 (1.22%) Internet
5 27 (1.17%) SSL
6 24 (1.04%) SSH
7 17 (0.74%) DNS
8 14 (0.61%) Kerberos
9 12 (0.52%) Skype
10 8 (0.35%) Reverse Proxy
11 7 (0.30%) HTTPS
12 6 (0.26%) AMQP
12 6 (0.26%) Firewall
13 5 (0.22%) MPLS
14 4 (0.17%) Intranet
14 4 (0.17%) SMTP
15 3 (0.13%) BGP
15 3 (0.13%) Ethernet
15 3 (0.13%) Multicast
16 2 (0.087%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 263 (11.43%) NoSQL
2 217 (9.43%) PostgreSQL
3 207 (9.00%) MySQL
4 191 (8.30%) MongoDB
5 166 (7.22%) Relational Database
6 111 (4.83%) SQL Server
7 88 (3.83%) Hadoop
8 82 (3.57%) Big Data
9 80 (3.48%) Oracle Database
10 64 (2.78%) Apache Cassandra
10 64 (2.78%) RDBMS
11 55 (2.39%) Amazon RDS
12 38 (1.65%) Redis
13 31 (1.35%) DB2
14 27 (1.17%) HBase
15 24 (1.04%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 23 (1.00%) Apache Hive
16 23 (1.00%) MariaDB
17 15 (0.65%) Flink
18 14 (0.61%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 626 (27.22%) Git (software)
2 601 (26.13%) Jenkins
3 488 (21.22%) Maven
4 443 (19.26%) JUnit
5 286 (12.43%) JIRA
6 238 (10.35%) Mockito
7 195 (8.48%) Cucumber
8 182 (7.91%) Gradle
9 137 (5.96%) Selenium
10 120 (5.22%) SonarQube
11 90 (3.91%) Eclipse
12 87 (3.78%) Subversion
13 79 (3.43%) IntelliJ
14 73 (3.17%) Sonatype Nexus
15 67 (2.91%) GitLab
16 66 (2.87%) Ant
17 60 (2.61%) jMock
18 56 (2.43%) Bitbucket
19 55 (2.39%) TeamCity
20 51 (2.22%) DbUnit
General
1 408 (17.74%) Finance
2 271 (11.78%) Banking
3 121 (5.26%) Public Sector
4 70 (3.04%) Retail
5 66 (2.87%) Investment Banking
6 41 (1.78%) Front Office
7 28 (1.22%) Games
8 27 (1.17%) Financial Institution
9 24 (1.04%) Telecoms
10 20 (0.87%) Marketing
11 17 (0.74%) Retail Banking
12 13 (0.57%) Automotive
12 13 (0.57%) Manufacturing
13 10 (0.43%) Legal
14 8 (0.35%) Advertising
14 8 (0.35%) Electronics
15 7 (0.30%) Publishing
16 6 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.22%) Back Office
18 4 (0.17%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,848 (80.35%) Developer
2 1,441 (62.65%) Java Developer
3 254 (11.04%) Senior Developer
4 248 (10.78%) Full Stack Developer
5 204 (8.87%) Senior Java Developer
6 114 (4.96%) Java Engineer
7 111 (4.83%) React Developer
8 102 (4.43%) Backend Developer
9 95 (4.13%) Architect
10 87 (3.78%) Agile Developer
11 84 (3.65%) Software Engineer
12 79 (3.43%) Agile Java Developer
12 79 (3.43%) Angular Developer
13 77 (3.35%) AWS Developer
14 64 (2.78%) SC Cleared Java Developer
15 62 (2.70%) Java Developer - Fintech
16 59 (2.57%) Lead Developer
17 55 (2.39%) Java Software Engineer
18 51 (2.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 48 (2.09%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 989 (43.00%) Spring Boot
2 573 (24.91%) REST
3 475 (20.65%) AngularJS
3 475 (20.65%) Hibernate
4 430 (18.70%) RESTful
4 430 (18.70%) Web Services
5 403 (17.52%) HTML
6 362 (15.74%) CSS
7 326 (14.17%) React
8 323 (14.04%) JSON
9 313 (13.61%) Node.js
10 296 (12.87%) Kafka
11 277 (12.04%) SOAP
12 220 (9.57%) HTML5
13 219 (9.52%) J2EE
14 217 (9.43%) XML
15 146 (6.35%) JPA
15 146 (6.35%) Spring MVC
16 137 (5.96%) RabbitMQ
17 135 (5.87%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 163 (7.09%) Greenfield Project
2 125 (5.43%) User Experience
3 84 (3.65%) Analytical Skills
4 67 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
5 59 (2.57%) Mobile App
6 58 (2.52%) Linux Command Line
7 46 (2.00%) Derivative
8 45 (1.96%) Virtual Team
9 39 (1.70%) Algorithms
9 39 (1.70%) Data Structures
10 35 (1.52%) Equity Derivative
11 34 (1.48%) Public Cloud
12 30 (1.30%) Fixed Income
13 29 (1.26%) Self-Motivation
14 28 (1.22%) Cloud Native
15 22 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 21 (0.91%) Client/Server
17 16 (0.70%) NHS
18 14 (0.61%) Equities
18 14 (0.61%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 329 (14.30%) Linux
2 205 (8.91%) Unix
3 67 (2.91%) Windows
4 49 (2.13%) CentOS
5 47 (2.04%) Android
6 44 (1.91%) Apple iOS
7 31 (1.35%) Ubuntu
8 27 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 18 (0.78%) Debian
10 12 (0.52%) Mac OS X
11 9 (0.39%) Windows Server
12 4 (0.17%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.043%) OpenVMS
13 1 (0.043%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.043%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,380 (60.00%) Agile Software Development
2 975 (42.39%) Microservices
3 793 (34.48%) TDD
4 525 (22.83%) Scrum
5 473 (20.57%) DevOps
6 410 (17.83%) BDD
7 364 (15.83%) Continuous Integration
8 320 (13.91%) Test Automation
9 250 (10.87%) OO
10 248 (10.78%) Software Engineering
11 222 (9.65%) MVC
12 220 (9.57%) Kanban
13 197 (8.57%) Open Source
14 182 (7.91%) Unit Testing
15 179 (7.78%) Pair Programming
16 149 (6.48%) E-Commerce
16 149 (6.48%) Problem-Solving
17 140 (6.09%) SOA
18 122 (5.30%) Continuous Delivery
19 120 (5.22%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 2,130 (92.61%) Java
2 819 (35.61%) Java 8
3 624 (27.13%) JavaScript
4 559 (24.30%) SQL
5 205 (8.91%) Python
6 142 (6.17%) Scala
7 139 (6.04%) TypeScript
8 112 (4.87%) ES6
9 88 (3.83%) C#
10 77 (3.35%) Ruby
11 73 (3.17%) Shell Script
12 69 (3.00%) PL/SQL
13 64 (2.78%) Groovy
14 59 (2.57%) Kotlin
15 51 (2.22%) Perl
16 50 (2.17%) C++
17 46 (2.00%) Bash Shell
18 26 (1.13%) C
18 26 (1.13%) PHP
19 25 (1.09%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 251 (10.91%) Security Cleared
2 184 (8.00%) SC Cleared
3 99 (4.30%) Degree
4 41 (1.78%) DV Cleared
5 30 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
6 20 (0.87%) Sun Certification
7 17 (0.74%) OCPJP
8 16 (0.70%) ISEB
8 16 (0.70%) ISTQB
9 12 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
10 8 (0.35%) AWS Certification
11 7 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 5 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
12 5 (0.22%) Master's Degree
13 4 (0.17%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
14 2 (0.087%) BC Cleared
15 1 (0.043%) Numerate Degree
15 1 (0.043%) SANS
15 1 (0.043%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (2.91%) QA
2 9 (0.39%) PMO
3 6 (0.26%) GDPR
4 5 (0.22%) MiFID
5 4 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.17%) EMIR
5 4 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.17%) PCI DSS
5 4 (0.17%) PSD2
6 3 (0.13%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.087%) GxP
7 2 (0.087%) SEPA
8 1 (0.043%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.043%) Dublin Core
8 1 (0.043%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.043%) ISO 8583
8 1 (0.043%) SLA
8 1 (0.043%) WCAG
System Software
1 592 (25.74%) Docker
2 30 (1.30%) Postfix
3 25 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (0.87%) vSphere
5 16 (0.70%) HDFS
6 10 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.26%) OpenAM
8 5 (0.22%) GridGain
8 5 (0.22%) vCloud
9 3 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 3 (0.13%) OpenDJ
10 2 (0.087%) Active Directory
10 2 (0.087%) VMware Server
11 1 (0.043%) Hyper-V
11 1 (0.043%) ISA Server
11 1 (0.043%) NFS
11 1 (0.043%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.043%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 292 (12.70%) Kubernetes
2 136 (5.91%) Ansible
3 115 (5.00%) Terraform
4 69 (3.00%) Puppet
5 35 (1.52%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (1.30%) Kibana
7 27 (1.17%) Grafana
8 23 (1.00%) Prometheus
9 16 (0.70%) Docker Swarm
10 13 (0.57%) logstash
11 12 (0.52%) linkerd
12 11 (0.48%) Hadoop YARN
13 10 (0.43%) Cobbler
13 10 (0.43%) Consul
14 8 (0.35%) Salt
15 5 (0.22%) Graphite
15 5 (0.22%) Mesos
15 5 (0.22%) Nagios
15 5 (0.22%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 5 (0.22%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 287 (12.48%) Oracle
2 125 (5.43%) Google
3 73 (3.17%) Microsoft
4 54 (2.35%) MuleSoft
5 53 (2.30%) Red Hat
6 47 (2.04%) Splunk
7 42 (1.83%) IBM
8 32 (1.39%) VMware
9 30 (1.30%) SAP
10 29 (1.26%) Atlassian
11 28 (1.22%) AppDynamics
12 26 (1.13%) Salesforce.com
13 23 (1.00%) Adobe
14 22 (0.96%) ForgeRock
14 22 (0.96%) Sybase
15 21 (0.91%) Cloudera
15 21 (0.91%) WSO2
16 18 (0.78%) Sun
17 17 (0.74%) hybris
18 15 (0.65%) webMethods