Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 68 73 90
Rank change year-on-year +5 +17 -33
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,812 1,020 2,345
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.38% 3.31% 2.75%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.35% 10.59% 8.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,946 721 1,598
10th Percentile £413 £363 £400
25th Percentile £463 £425 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
75th Percentile £650 £588 £588
90th Percentile £725 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £451 £450
% change year-on-year +8.09% +0.22% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 1 3
Median hourly rate £65.77 £55.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +19.58% +10.00% +11.11%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 - £60.00

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,771 9,631 26,500
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.79% 31.21% 31.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,782 6,814 18,632
10th Percentile £363 £313 £338
25th Percentile £425 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.06% -1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £445
% change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 234 73 250
10th Percentile £17.79 £21.90 £20.22
25th Percentile £28.43 £30.00 £33.44
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -6.67% +8.39%
75th Percentile £63.44 £54.00 £53.00
90th Percentile £73.19 £61.87 £73.08
UK excluding London median hourly rate £49.00 £46.40 £45.00
% change year-on-year +5.60% +3.11% +8.43%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 2,194 £550 +7.32% 603
London +4 1,474 £600 +12.68% 330
UK excluding London +7 828 £488 +8.09% 338
Work from Home -16 775 £540 +13.68% 145
Scotland +37 204 £450 +2.86% 40
North of England -30 182 £500 +11.11% 98
South East -20 117 £513 +11.41% 60
South West +3 98 £488 +2.63% 37
North West -13 93 £475 +5.56% 65
East of England -23 87 £520 +4.00% 15
Midlands -19 86 £490 +39.60% 58
West Midlands -12 73 £474 +34.97% 47
Yorkshire -53 47 £513 +13.89% 22
North East +10 44 £550 +10.00% 11
Northern Ireland +11 42 £475 +10.21% 5
Wales -21 14 £518 +21.76% 25
East Midlands -39 11 £512 +43.08% 10

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,705 (96.19%) Java
2 1,655 (58.85%) Spring Boot
3 1,533 (54.52%) Agile Software Development
4 1,412 (50.21%) Microservices
5 850 (30.23%) TDD
6 833 (29.62%) Jenkins
7 797 (28.34%) Java 8
8 796 (28.31%) Git (software)
9 781 (27.77%) Docker
10 719 (25.57%) SQL
11 716 (25.46%) AWS
12 650 (23.12%) Kubernetes
13 647 (23.01%) REST
14 644 (22.90%) Finance
15 632 (22.48%) Maven
16 621 (22.08%) JavaScript
17 592 (21.05%) DevOps
18 571 (20.31%) Scrum
19 518 (18.42%) Banking
20 502 (17.85%) Oracle
21 472 (16.79%) Software Engineering
22 466 (16.57%) BDD
23 451 (16.04%) Test Automation
24 448 (15.93%) RESTful
25 433 (15.40%) React
26 401 (14.26%) Hibernate
27 394 (14.01%) Kafka
28 393 (13.98%) JUnit
29 383 (13.62%) Linux
30 380 (13.51%) Social Skills

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 216 (7.68%) Confluence
2 135 (4.80%) Tomcat
3 103 (3.66%) Elasticsearch
4 80 (2.84%) Apache Spark
5 77 (2.74%) Mule
6 75 (2.67%) Apache
7 74 (2.63%) JBoss
7 74 (2.63%) WebLogic
8 50 (1.78%) Cloud Foundry
9 37 (1.32%) WebSphere
10 25 (0.89%) Red Hat Fuse
11 23 (0.82%) CMS
12 21 (0.75%) OpenStack
12 21 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 20 (0.71%) nginx
14 15 (0.53%) Jetty
15 13 (0.46%) FileNet
16 12 (0.43%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 12 (0.43%) GemFire
17 10 (0.36%) Camunda
Applications
1 6 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.071%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.036%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.036%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 23 (0.82%) SAP Hybris
2 7 (0.25%) Magento
2 7 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 3 (0.11%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.071%) Adobe Campaign
6 2 (0.071%) Distributed Ledger
6 2 (0.071%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.071%) ION MarketView
7 1 (0.036%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.036%) Payment Gateway
7 1 (0.036%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 716 (25.46%) AWS
2 339 (12.06%) Azure
3 233 (8.29%) GCP
4 151 (5.37%) GitHub
5 138 (4.91%) Serverless
6 116 (4.13%) OpenShift
7 89 (3.17%) AWS Lambda
8 81 (2.88%) Amazon S3
9 52 (1.85%) AWS CloudFormation
10 50 (1.78%) Amazon EC2
11 44 (1.56%) Amazon SQS
12 39 (1.39%) Apigee
13 38 (1.35%) PaaS
14 37 (1.32%) SaaS
15 33 (1.17%) Amazon ECS
16 30 (1.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 30 (1.07%) Kong
17 25 (0.89%) npm
18 24 (0.85%) IaaS
19 21 (0.75%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 56 (1.99%) HTTP
2 27 (0.96%) SSL
2 27 (0.96%) TCP/IP
3 14 (0.50%) LAN
4 12 (0.43%) Internet
5 6 (0.21%) Intranet
6 4 (0.14%) AMQP
6 4 (0.14%) Firewall
6 4 (0.14%) FTP
6 4 (0.14%) VPN
7 3 (0.11%) Broadband
7 3 (0.11%) DSL
7 3 (0.11%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.071%) DNS
8 2 (0.071%) RTMP
8 2 (0.071%) SSH
9 1 (0.036%) DKIM
9 1 (0.036%) DMARC
9 1 (0.036%) Network Security
9 1 (0.036%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 338 (12.02%) NoSQL
2 312 (11.10%) PostgreSQL
3 302 (10.74%) Relational Database
4 287 (10.21%) MongoDB
5 242 (8.61%) MySQL
6 140 (4.98%) SQL Server
7 120 (4.27%) Oracle Database
8 119 (4.23%) Redis
9 95 (3.38%) RDBMS
10 89 (3.17%) Apache Cassandra
11 79 (2.81%) Hazelcast
12 67 (2.38%) Big Data
13 61 (2.17%) Hadoop
14 55 (1.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 44 (1.56%) Amazon RDS
16 42 (1.49%) BusinessObjects
17 41 (1.46%) Amazon Aurora
17 41 (1.46%) DB2
18 30 (1.07%) Data Warehouse
19 29 (1.03%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 833 (29.62%) Jenkins
2 796 (28.31%) Git (software)
3 632 (22.48%) Maven
4 393 (13.98%) JUnit
5 364 (12.94%) JIRA
6 249 (8.85%) Cucumber
7 181 (6.44%) GitLab
8 180 (6.40%) Mockito
9 146 (5.19%) Gradle
10 117 (4.16%) Selenium
11 106 (3.77%) TeamCity
12 101 (3.59%) Subversion
13 91 (3.24%) IntelliJ
14 90 (3.20%) Bitbucket
15 87 (3.09%) SonarQube
15 87 (3.09%) Sonatype Nexus
16 78 (2.77%) Artifactory
17 68 (2.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 50 (1.78%) Postman
19 47 (1.67%) Eclipse
General
1 644 (22.90%) Finance
2 518 (18.42%) Banking
3 380 (13.51%) Social Skills
4 217 (7.72%) Investment Banking
5 172 (6.12%) Public Sector
6 114 (4.05%) Front Office
7 110 (3.91%) Analytical Skills
8 85 (3.02%) Retail
9 39 (1.39%) Manufacturing
10 33 (1.17%) Financial Institution
10 33 (1.17%) Games
11 32 (1.14%) Documentation Skills
11 32 (1.14%) Retail Banking
12 25 (0.89%) Marketing
13 19 (0.68%) Presentation Skills
14 18 (0.64%) Back Office
14 18 (0.64%) Electronics
14 18 (0.64%) Telecoms
15 14 (0.50%) Automotive
16 13 (0.46%) Legal
Job Titles
1 2,062 (73.33%) Developer
2 1,629 (57.93%) Java Developer
3 343 (12.20%) Senior Developer
4 304 (10.81%) Senior Java Developer
5 209 (7.43%) Full Stack Developer
6 199 (7.08%) Java Engineer
7 140 (4.98%) Architect
8 111 (3.95%) Software Engineer
9 71 (2.52%) DevOps Engineer
10 60 (2.13%) Integration Developer
11 58 (2.06%) AWS Developer
12 56 (1.99%) Agile Developer
13 55 (1.96%) Agile Java Developer
14 54 (1.92%) Backend Developer
15 53 (1.88%) Java Software Engineer
16 52 (1.85%) Senior Java Engineer
17 51 (1.81%) Software Developer
18 47 (1.67%) Angular Developer
19 42 (1.49%) Consultant
19 42 (1.49%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,655 (58.85%) Spring Boot
2 647 (23.01%) REST
3 448 (15.93%) RESTful
4 433 (15.40%) React
5 401 (14.26%) Hibernate
6 394 (14.01%) Kafka
7 362 (12.87%) AngularJS
8 333 (11.84%) Web Services
9 322 (11.45%) HTML
10 301 (10.70%) Node.js
11 285 (10.14%) CSS
12 249 (8.85%) JSON
13 225 (8.00%) J2EE
14 207 (7.36%) XML
15 176 (6.26%) Apache Camel
15 176 (6.26%) JPA
16 154 (5.48%) RabbitMQ
17 136 (4.84%) JMS
18 135 (4.80%) SOAP
19 134 (4.77%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 117 (4.16%) Greenfield Project
2 112 (3.98%) User Experience
3 77 (2.74%) Data Protection Act
4 74 (2.63%) Data Structures
5 70 (2.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 69 (2.45%) Algorithms
7 63 (2.24%) Cloud Native
8 57 (2.03%) Legacy Systems
9 56 (1.99%) Derivative
9 56 (1.99%) Fixed Income
10 50 (1.78%) Enterprise Software
11 40 (1.42%) Hybrid Cloud
11 40 (1.42%) Public Cloud
12 38 (1.35%) Virtual Team
13 37 (1.32%) Mobile App
14 29 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
15 28 (1.00%) Client/Server
16 19 (0.68%) Management Information System
17 18 (0.64%) Credit Risk
17 18 (0.64%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 383 (13.62%) Linux
2 269 (9.57%) Unix
3 61 (2.17%) Windows
4 38 (1.35%) Android
5 33 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (0.36%) Debian
7 9 (0.32%) CentOS
7 9 (0.32%) VMS
8 8 (0.28%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.21%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.11%) AIX
10 3 (0.11%) Solaris
10 3 (0.11%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.071%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.036%) DC/OS
12 1 (0.036%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,533 (54.52%) Agile Software Development
2 1,412 (50.21%) Microservices
3 850 (30.23%) TDD
4 592 (21.05%) DevOps
5 571 (20.31%) Scrum
6 472 (16.79%) Software Engineering
7 466 (16.57%) BDD
8 451 (16.04%) Test Automation
9 371 (13.19%) Full Stack Development
10 277 (9.85%) Continuous Integration
11 222 (7.89%) OO
12 213 (7.57%) Pair Programming
13 209 (7.43%) Kanban
14 200 (7.11%) Multithreading
15 199 (7.08%) Problem-Solving
16 197 (7.01%) Unit Testing
17 179 (6.37%) MVC
18 161 (5.73%) Open Source
19 158 (5.62%) SDLC
20 143 (5.09%) Event-Driven
Programming Languages
1 2,705 (96.19%) Java
2 797 (28.34%) Java 8
3 719 (25.57%) SQL
4 621 (22.08%) JavaScript
5 311 (11.06%) Java 11
6 252 (8.96%) Python
7 162 (5.76%) TypeScript
8 158 (5.62%) PL/SQL
9 151 (5.37%) Scala
10 143 (5.09%) Kotlin
11 110 (3.91%) Shell Script
12 61 (2.17%) Groovy
13 43 (1.53%) Go
14 39 (1.39%) C#
15 34 (1.21%) C++
16 31 (1.10%) Bash Shell
16 31 (1.10%) ES6
17 29 (1.03%) Perl
17 29 (1.03%) Ruby
18 27 (0.96%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 224 (7.97%) Security Cleared
2 162 (5.76%) SC Cleared
3 96 (3.41%) Degree
4 41 (1.46%) BPSS Clearance
5 38 (1.35%) Sun Certification
6 37 (1.32%) Computer Science Degree
7 35 (1.24%) OCPJP
8 18 (0.64%) DV Cleared
9 16 (0.57%) Master's Degree
10 10 (0.36%) AWS Certification
11 9 (0.32%) ISTQB
12 7 (0.25%) DBS Check
13 5 (0.18%) ISEB
14 4 (0.14%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 2 (0.071%) CFA
15 2 (0.071%) CTC Cleared
16 1 (0.036%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (3.45%) QA
2 56 (1.99%) Accessibility
3 12 (0.43%) GDPR
4 3 (0.11%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.11%) NCSC
4 3 (0.11%) PMO
4 3 (0.11%) WCAG
5 2 (0.071%) Basel II
5 2 (0.071%) ISO 20022
5 2 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.071%) MiFID
5 2 (0.071%) PCI DSS
5 2 (0.071%) PSD2
5 2 (0.071%) SLA
6 1 (0.036%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.036%) EMIR
6 1 (0.036%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 781 (27.77%) Docker
2 17 (0.60%) Active Directory
3 11 (0.39%) HDFS
4 10 (0.36%) OpenAM
5 8 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.11%) Postfix
7 3 (0.11%) vSphere
8 2 (0.071%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.036%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.036%) NFS
9 1 (0.036%) Platform Symphony
9 1 (0.036%) RACF
9 1 (0.036%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 650 (23.12%) Kubernetes
2 223 (7.93%) Terraform
3 170 (6.05%) Ansible
4 97 (3.45%) Grafana
5 95 (3.38%) Kibana
6 37 (1.32%) Puppet
7 34 (1.21%) Prometheus
8 26 (0.92%) Opscode Chef
9 25 (0.89%) logstash
10 24 (0.85%) Rancher
11 18 (0.64%) Single Sign-On
12 17 (0.60%) Oozie
13 10 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
14 8 (0.28%) Graphite
14 8 (0.28%) HP Fortify
14 8 (0.28%) Istio
15 5 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
16 4 (0.14%) Data Guard
16 4 (0.14%) Packer
17 3 (0.11%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 502 (17.85%) Oracle
2 121 (4.30%) Google
3 80 (2.84%) Microsoft
4 74 (2.63%) IBM
5 54 (1.92%) WSO2
6 52 (1.85%) Informatica
7 51 (1.81%) Atlassian
7 51 (1.81%) webMethods
8 49 (1.74%) SAP
8 49 (1.74%) Splunk
9 43 (1.53%) Red Hat
10 42 (1.49%) hybris
11 41 (1.46%) BEA
12 40 (1.42%) MuleSoft
13 39 (1.39%) Sybase
14 35 (1.24%) Sun
15 28 (1.00%) AppDynamics
16 27 (0.96%) Solace
17 26 (0.92%) Dynatrace
18 24 (0.85%) Perforce