Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 61 60 72
Rank change year-on-year -1 +12 +32
Contract jobs citing Spring 3,914 3,365 3,188
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.79% 3.51% 2.90%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.16% 10.88% 10.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,852 2,359 2,398
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.33% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £369 £325 £319
90th Percentile £625 £606 £601
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +2.94% +2.41% +7.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 15 7
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £57.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% -25.44% +3.64%
10th Percentile £33.25 £37.00 £44.70
90th Percentile £62.97 £53.75 £112.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £52.50 £57.00
% change year-on-year -14.29% -7.89% +3.64%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,066 30,927 31,642
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.94% 32.24% 28.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,704 21,368 22,087
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £318 £306 £289
90th Percentile £625 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 368 382 405
UK median hourly rate £41.46 £40.38 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.66% +7.68% +2.74%
10th Percentile £15.24 £15.00 £13.10
90th Percentile £57.88 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.25 £37.50
% change year-on-year -3.03% +10.00% +1.35%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 3,492 £500 +7.53% 837
UK excluding London +2 2,034 £438 +2.94% 552
London +4 1,836 £525 +5.00% 355
South East +16 636 £485 +2.11% 163
North of England +2 570 £425 - 153
Scotland 0 287 £420 +14.68% 47
North West +11 285 £425 -5.03% 82
Yorkshire -6 237 £425 +1.19% 64
Midlands +1 215 £450 +5.88% 82
East of England -7 134 £455 +1.79% 51
East Midlands +11 107 £450 +5.88% 26
West Midlands -14 107 £425 -15.00% 55
South West -51 95 £425 +8.35% 33
Northern Ireland +30 62 £460 +11.52% 9
North East -16 51 £410 +6.43% 7
Wales -4 33 £388 +10.71% 14
Channel Islands -9 1 - -

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,745 (95.68%) Java
2 2,388 (61.01%) Agile Software Development
3 1,541 (39.37%) TDD
4 1,471 (37.58%) Spring Boot
5 1,396 (35.67%) Java 8
6 1,353 (34.57%) Microservices
7 1,295 (33.09%) Hibernate
8 1,101 (28.13%) JavaScript
9 1,052 (26.88%) REST
10 1,023 (26.14%) Git (software)
11 979 (25.01%) Maven
12 966 (24.68%) Jenkins
13 930 (23.76%) Web Services
14 875 (22.36%) RESTful
15 857 (21.90%) Scrum
16 781 (19.95%) BDD
17 767 (19.60%) SQL
18 765 (19.55%) Docker
19 695 (17.76%) Continuous Integration
20 694 (17.73%) Finance
21 688 (17.58%) JUnit
22 675 (17.25%) Amazon AWS
23 643 (16.43%) AngularJS
24 638 (16.30%) HTML
25 627 (16.02%) Linux
26 600 (15.33%) J2EE
27 596 (15.23%) DevOps
28 567 (14.49%) Banking
28 567 (14.49%) Test Automation
29 545 (13.92%) Oracle

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 337 (8.61%) Apache
2 314 (8.02%) Tomcat
3 257 (6.57%) Confluence
4 236 (6.03%) JBoss
5 222 (5.67%) Elasticsearch
6 195 (4.98%) WebSphere
7 134 (3.42%) WebLogic
8 127 (3.24%) Apache Spark
9 117 (2.99%) Cloud Foundry
10 84 (2.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 78 (1.99%) Mule
12 65 (1.66%) Jetty
13 56 (1.43%) Apache Solr
14 53 (1.35%) CMS
15 40 (1.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 36 (0.92%) GemFire
17 30 (0.77%) MQSeries
18 28 (0.72%) nginx
19 24 (0.61%) WebSphere Application Server
20 22 (0.56%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 7 (0.18%) MS Visio
2 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.026%) CATIA
3 1 (0.026%) InVision
3 1 (0.026%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.026%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.026%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (0.49%) SAP Hybris
2 13 (0.33%) ION MarketView
3 10 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
4 8 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
5 5 (0.13%) AquaLogic BPM
5 5 (0.13%) Global One
6 4 (0.10%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 4 (0.10%) Remedy AR System
6 4 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
6 4 (0.10%) Workday HCM
7 3 (0.077%) Oracle General Ledger
8 2 (0.051%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.051%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.051%) LatentZero
8 2 (0.051%) SDL Web 8
8 2 (0.051%) thinkFolio
9 1 (0.026%) Adobe Campaign
9 1 (0.026%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 1 (0.026%) PeopleSoft Financials
9 1 (0.026%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 675 (17.25%) Amazon AWS
2 151 (3.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 122 (3.12%) GitHub
4 65 (1.66%) PaaS
5 58 (1.48%) Amazon EC2
6 52 (1.33%) OpenShift
7 37 (0.95%) npm
8 33 (0.84%) SaaS
9 32 (0.82%) Heroku
10 31 (0.79%) IaaS
10 31 (0.79%) Serverless
11 29 (0.74%) Amazon S3
12 25 (0.64%) Slack
13 24 (0.61%) Amazon SQS
14 22 (0.56%) Cloud Computing
15 18 (0.46%) AWS Lambda
16 16 (0.41%) AWS CloudFormation
16 16 (0.41%) Google Cloud Platform
16 16 (0.41%) Yarn
17 14 (0.36%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 168 (4.29%) HTTP
2 88 (2.25%) TCP/IP
3 48 (1.23%) SSL
4 40 (1.02%) FTP
5 34 (0.87%) SMS
6 29 (0.74%) Kerberos
7 28 (0.72%) DNS
8 26 (0.66%) Internet
9 21 (0.54%) Firewall
10 20 (0.51%) AMQP
11 15 (0.38%) SSH
12 14 (0.36%) Ethernet
13 13 (0.33%) MPLS
14 8 (0.20%) Wireless
15 7 (0.18%) SMTP
16 6 (0.15%) Network Security
16 6 (0.15%) WAN
17 5 (0.13%) BIG-IP
18 4 (0.10%) DOCSIS
19 3 (0.077%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 533 (13.62%) NoSQL
2 457 (11.68%) Relational Database
3 455 (11.62%) MongoDB
4 377 (9.63%) PostgreSQL
5 331 (8.46%) MySQL
6 237 (6.06%) SQL Server
7 231 (5.90%) Big Data
8 209 (5.34%) Hadoop
9 191 (4.88%) Apache Cassandra
10 186 (4.75%) RDBMS
11 143 (3.65%) Oracle Database
12 106 (2.71%) Redis
13 67 (1.71%) HBase
14 66 (1.69%) DB2
15 60 (1.53%) Couchbase
16 48 (1.23%) Oracle Database 11g
17 45 (1.15%) Apache Hive
18 30 (0.77%) Endeca
18 30 (0.77%) Riak
19 27 (0.69%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 1,023 (26.14%) Git (software)
2 979 (25.01%) Maven
3 966 (24.68%) Jenkins
4 688 (17.58%) JUnit
5 437 (11.17%) JIRA
6 330 (8.43%) Gradle
7 277 (7.08%) Cucumber
7 277 (7.08%) Mockito
8 239 (6.11%) Subversion
9 198 (5.06%) Eclipse
10 190 (4.85%) Selenium
11 150 (3.83%) IntelliJ
12 122 (3.12%) Ant
13 99 (2.53%) SonarQube
14 98 (2.50%) Hudson
15 90 (2.30%) Bitbucket
16 82 (2.10%) TeamCity
17 75 (1.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 66 (1.69%) GitLab
18 66 (1.69%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 694 (17.73%) Finance
2 567 (14.49%) Banking
3 190 (4.85%) Investment Banking
4 114 (2.91%) Front Office
5 112 (2.86%) Retail
6 81 (2.07%) Games
7 57 (1.46%) Telecoms
8 34 (0.87%) Advertising
9 33 (0.84%) Back Office
10 25 (0.64%) Law
11 24 (0.61%) Legal
12 20 (0.51%) Marketing
13 19 (0.49%) Manufacturing
14 18 (0.46%) Automotive
15 17 (0.43%) Financial Institution
15 17 (0.43%) Retail Banking
16 14 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
17 12 (0.31%) General Ledger
18 8 (0.20%) Billing
18 8 (0.20%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 3,191 (81.53%) Developer
2 2,718 (69.44%) Java Developer
3 475 (12.14%) Senior Developer
4 427 (10.91%) Senior Java Developer
5 221 (5.65%) Java Engineer
6 220 (5.62%) Architect
7 207 (5.29%) Full Stack Developer
8 179 (4.57%) Lead Developer
9 178 (4.55%) Agile Developer
10 167 (4.27%) Lead Java Developer
11 146 (3.73%) Software Engineer
12 142 (3.63%) Agile Java Developer
13 111 (2.84%) Java Software Engineer
14 105 (2.68%) AWS Developer
15 98 (2.50%) Backend Developer
16 96 (2.45%) Angular Developer
17 91 (2.32%) Java Architect
18 78 (1.99%) Technical Architect
19 76 (1.94%) Software Developer
20 75 (1.92%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,471 (37.58%) Spring Boot
2 1,295 (33.09%) Hibernate
3 1,052 (26.88%) REST
4 930 (23.76%) Web Services
5 875 (22.36%) RESTful
6 643 (16.43%) AngularJS
7 638 (16.30%) HTML
8 600 (15.33%) J2EE
9 525 (13.41%) SOAP
10 494 (12.62%) CSS
11 451 (11.52%) JSON
12 445 (11.37%) Kafka
13 399 (10.19%) XML
14 388 (9.91%) Node.js
15 370 (9.45%) JMS
16 345 (8.81%) React
17 338 (8.64%) Spring MVC
18 330 (8.43%) HTML5
19 309 (7.89%) Apache Camel
19 309 (7.89%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 327 (8.35%) Greenfield Project
2 126 (3.22%) User Experience
3 123 (3.14%) Computer Science
4 119 (3.04%) Enterprise Software
5 116 (2.96%) Analytical Skills
6 111 (2.84%) Fintech
7 83 (2.12%) Fixed Income
8 79 (2.02%) Mobile App
9 71 (1.81%) Derivative
10 68 (1.74%) Data Structures
11 53 (1.35%) Algorithms
12 49 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
12 49 (1.25%) Virtual Team
13 42 (1.07%) Equities
14 40 (1.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 40 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
15 38 (0.97%) iPad
16 30 (0.77%) Wiki
17 28 (0.72%) Equity Derivative
18 25 (0.64%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 627 (16.02%) Linux
2 439 (11.22%) Unix
3 58 (1.48%) Windows
4 46 (1.18%) Android
5 42 (1.07%) Apple iOS
6 41 (1.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 28 (0.72%) CentOS
8 27 (0.69%) Ubuntu
9 22 (0.56%) Solaris
10 12 (0.31%) HPUX
11 11 (0.28%) Mac OS X
12 10 (0.26%) Mac OS
13 7 (0.18%) Debian
14 3 (0.077%) Oracle Linux
14 3 (0.077%) Windows Server
15 2 (0.051%) AIX
15 2 (0.051%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.051%) Windows 2000
15 2 (0.051%) Windows Vista
15 2 (0.051%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,388 (61.01%) Agile Software Development
2 1,541 (39.37%) TDD
3 1,353 (34.57%) Microservices
4 857 (21.90%) Scrum
5 781 (19.95%) BDD
6 695 (17.76%) Continuous Integration
7 596 (15.23%) DevOps
8 567 (14.49%) Test Automation
9 522 (13.34%) OO
10 519 (13.26%) MVC
11 464 (11.85%) Software Engineering
12 402 (10.27%) Open Source
13 351 (8.97%) Kanban
14 321 (8.20%) SOA
15 307 (7.84%) Unit Testing
16 291 (7.43%) E-Commerce
17 254 (6.49%) Pair Programming
18 242 (6.18%) Problem-Solving
19 228 (5.83%) SDLC
20 209 (5.34%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 3,745 (95.68%) Java
2 1,396 (35.67%) Java 8
3 1,101 (28.13%) JavaScript
4 767 (19.60%) SQL
5 279 (7.13%) Scala
6 208 (5.31%) Python
7 161 (4.11%) Groovy
8 118 (3.01%) Ruby
9 108 (2.76%) Shell Script
10 91 (2.32%) Bash Shell
11 90 (2.30%) PL/SQL
12 79 (2.02%) ES6
13 73 (1.87%) C#
13 73 (1.87%) TypeScript
14 63 (1.61%) Kotlin
15 52 (1.33%) Perl
16 50 (1.28%) C++
17 49 (1.25%) PHP
18 47 (1.20%) Java 9
19 36 (0.92%) XPath
Qualifications
1 246 (6.29%) Security Cleared
2 206 (5.26%) Degree
3 162 (4.14%) SC Cleared
4 68 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 53 (1.35%) BPSS Clearance
6 26 (0.66%) DV Cleared
7 23 (0.59%) Master's Degree
8 11 (0.28%) BC Cleared
9 8 (0.20%) Sun Certification
10 5 (0.13%) DBS Check
10 5 (0.13%) HND
10 5 (0.13%) OCPJP
11 4 (0.10%) TOGAF Certification
12 3 (0.077%) PhD
13 2 (0.051%) Numerate Degree
13 2 (0.051%) OCA
13 2 (0.051%) Oracle Certification
14 1 (0.026%) AWS Certification
14 1 (0.026%) CTC Cleared
14 1 (0.026%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 135 (3.45%) QA
2 20 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
3 14 (0.36%) GDPR
3 14 (0.36%) PMO
4 9 (0.23%) Data Quality
5 8 (0.20%) MiFID
6 7 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
6 7 (0.18%) EMIR
7 6 (0.15%) SEPA
8 3 (0.077%) PSD2
8 3 (0.077%) SLA
9 2 (0.051%) GCP
9 2 (0.051%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.051%) WAI
10 1 (0.026%) IFRS
10 1 (0.026%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 765 (19.55%) Docker
2 93 (2.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 66 (1.69%) HDFS
4 32 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
5 26 (0.66%) Active Directory
6 23 (0.59%) vSphere
7 7 (0.18%) OpenAM
8 6 (0.15%) LXC
8 6 (0.15%) VMware Server
9 5 (0.13%) etcd
10 3 (0.077%) QEMU
11 2 (0.051%) NFS
11 2 (0.051%) Platform Symphony
11 2 (0.051%) Postfix
11 2 (0.051%) vCloud
11 2 (0.051%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 2 (0.051%) Virtual Machines
12 1 (0.026%) OpenIDM
12 1 (0.026%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.026%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 242 (6.18%) Kubernetes
2 220 (5.62%) Ansible
3 176 (4.50%) Puppet
4 119 (3.04%) Terraform
5 111 (2.84%) Opscode Chef
6 71 (1.81%) Hadoop YARN
7 46 (1.18%) Grafana
8 38 (0.97%) Consul
9 31 (0.79%) Cobbler
9 31 (0.79%) Docker Swarm
10 30 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
11 29 (0.74%) Kibana
12 24 (0.61%) logstash
13 22 (0.56%) Prometheus
14 19 (0.49%) Mesos
15 17 (0.43%) Graylog
16 15 (0.38%) Marathon
17 10 (0.26%) Business Desktop Deployment
17 10 (0.26%) Control-M
18 6 (0.15%) Rancher
Vendors
1 545 (13.92%) Oracle
2 137 (3.50%) IBM
3 95 (2.43%) Google
4 70 (1.79%) Red Hat
5 67 (1.71%) Atlassian
5 67 (1.71%) hybris
6 66 (1.69%) MuleSoft
7 62 (1.58%) Splunk
8 59 (1.51%) Microsoft
8 59 (1.51%) TIBCO
9 55 (1.41%) Adobe
10 45 (1.15%) Sybase
11 42 (1.07%) AppDynamics
11 42 (1.07%) SAP
12 40 (1.02%) Perforce
13 35 (0.89%) VMware
14 25 (0.64%) Hortonworks
15 21 (0.54%) Salesforce.com
16 17 (0.43%) Informatica
16 17 (0.43%) webMethods