Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Software Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 55 78 98
Rank change year-on-year +23 +20 -10
Contract jobs citing Spring 3790 3004 2501
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.71% 2.89% 2.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.56% 9.52% 7.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 2649 2202 1690
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £306
90th Percentile £625 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 8 31
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.86% -2.78% +28.57%
10th Percentile £37.00 £29.71 £40.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £97.00 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £43.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +2.86% -2.78% +28.57%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32796 31564 32386
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.07% 30.35% 28.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 23154 21883 22196
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 380 362 558
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £18.45 £14.35 £15.03
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.80 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £37.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +10.81% -1.33% +11.48%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 3394 £475 +5.56% 517
UK excluding London +17 1927 £425 - 300
London +20 1823 £525 +7.69% 252
South East +12 596 £465 +0.27% 69
North of England +21 448 £425 - 96
Scotland +34 257 £380 -1.94% 25
Yorkshire +9 215 £425 -5.56% 37
North West +25 194 £425 +1.19% 55
East of England +11 185 £449 +5.59% 43
Midlands +9 181 £425 +3.03% 21
South West -13 153 £420 +12.00% 34
West Midlands -14 98 £400 -3.61% 13
East Midlands +26 82 £425 +6.25% 8
Northern Ireland +13 82 £413 -5.71% 4
North East +55 36 £400 -6.98% 4
Wales +3 26 £375 - 8
Channel Islands - 5 - -

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 3696 (97.52%) Java
2 2298 (60.63%) Agile Software Development
3 1417 (37.39%) TDD
4 1286 (33.93%) Hibernate
5 1114 (29.39%) Spring Boot
6 1080 (28.50%) JavaScript
7 1064 (28.07%) SQL
8 1040 (27.44%) Web Services
9 1039 (27.41%) REST
10 1013 (26.73%) Microservices
11 990 (26.12%) Git (software)
12 935 (24.67%) Maven
13 931 (24.56%) Scrum
14 921 (24.30%) Jenkins
15 838 (22.11%) RESTful
16 833 (21.98%) Continuous Integration
17 824 (21.74%) Finance
18 794 (20.95%) HTML
19 729 (19.23%) MVC
20 722 (19.05%) JUnit
21 702 (18.52%) AngularJS
22 698 (18.42%) BDD
23 697 (18.39%) J2EE
24 674 (17.78%) Oracle
25 652 (17.20%) Linux
25 652 (17.20%) JSON
26 625 (16.49%) CSS
27 598 (15.78%) Docker
28 589 (15.54%) XML
29 571 (15.07%) Banking

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 353 (9.31%) Tomcat
2 316 (8.34%) JBoss
3 312 (8.23%) Confluence
4 249 (6.57%) Apache
5 207 (5.46%) Apache Spark
6 168 (4.43%) WebSphere
7 166 (4.38%) Elasticsearch
8 165 (4.35%) WebLogic
9 154 (4.06%) Apache Solr
10 130 (3.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 117 (3.09%) Cloud Foundry
12 74 (1.95%) Mule
13 66 (1.74%) Jetty
14 46 (1.21%) WebSphere Application Server
15 45 (1.19%) CMS
16 31 (0.82%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 30 (0.79%) GemFire
18 26 (0.69%) IIS
19 23 (0.61%) Mule ESB
20 22 (0.58%) WildFly
Applications
1 11 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.24%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.11%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.079%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.053%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.026%) HipChat
6 1 (0.026%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 47 (1.24%) Payment Gateway
2 38 (1.00%) SAP Hybris
3 30 (0.79%) Oracle BPM
4 18 (0.47%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 10 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
6 9 (0.24%) ION MarketView
7 4 (0.11%) Loan IQ
8 3 (0.079%) LatentZero
8 3 (0.079%) thinkFolio
9 2 (0.053%) assyst
9 2 (0.053%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 2 (0.053%) Kondor
9 2 (0.053%) Oracle Cash Management
9 2 (0.053%) RMDS
10 1 (0.026%) AquaLogic BPM
10 1 (0.026%) BASE24
10 1 (0.026%) Dynamics CRM
10 1 (0.026%) Oracle SCM
10 1 (0.026%) SAP Business One
10 1 (0.026%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 451 (11.90%) Amazon AWS
2 188 (4.96%) GitHub
3 96 (2.53%) Microsoft Azure
4 90 (2.37%) PaaS
5 69 (1.82%) Amazon EC2
6 45 (1.19%) npm
7 42 (1.11%) OpenShift
8 38 (1.00%) Amazon S3
9 33 (0.87%) Amazon SQS
10 31 (0.82%) IaaS
11 29 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
12 26 (0.69%) SaaS
13 21 (0.55%) AWS CloudFormation
14 20 (0.53%) Heroku
15 16 (0.42%) Bluemix
15 16 (0.42%) IBM Cloud
16 14 (0.37%) Google Cloud Platform
17 12 (0.32%) AWS Lambda
17 12 (0.32%) Serverless
17 12 (0.32%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 181 (4.78%) HTTP
2 89 (2.35%) Internet
3 84 (2.22%) Kerberos
4 66 (1.74%) TCP/IP
5 40 (1.06%) SSL
6 39 (1.03%) LDAP
7 35 (0.92%) SMS
8 25 (0.66%) AMQP
9 23 (0.61%) Firewall
10 12 (0.32%) BIG-IP
11 10 (0.26%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 9 (0.24%) Intranet
13 8 (0.21%) DSL
13 8 (0.21%) FTP
13 8 (0.21%) Network Security
14 6 (0.16%) 3GPP
14 6 (0.16%) Diameter Protocol
14 6 (0.16%) SIGTRAN
14 6 (0.16%) VPN
15 5 (0.13%) DNS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 489 (12.90%) NoSQL
2 456 (12.03%) MongoDB
3 442 (11.66%) Relational Database
4 307 (8.10%) Hadoop
5 297 (7.84%) MySQL
6 285 (7.52%) PostgreSQL
7 261 (6.89%) Big Data
8 224 (5.91%) RDBMS
9 179 (4.72%) HBase
10 175 (4.62%) SQL Server
11 159 (4.20%) Apache Cassandra
12 121 (3.19%) Oracle Database
13 108 (2.85%) DB2
14 76 (2.01%) Redis
15 53 (1.40%) Apache Hive
16 44 (1.16%) Endeca
17 38 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 36 (0.95%) Data Warehouse
19 34 (0.90%) MarkLogic
20 32 (0.84%) DB2 UDB
Development Applications
1 990 (26.12%) Git (software)
2 935 (24.67%) Maven
3 921 (24.30%) Jenkins
4 722 (19.05%) JUnit
5 514 (13.56%) JIRA
6 348 (9.18%) Cucumber
7 318 (8.39%) Mockito
8 298 (7.86%) Gradle
9 284 (7.49%) Subversion
10 249 (6.57%) Selenium
11 247 (6.52%) IntelliJ
12 246 (6.49%) Eclipse
13 146 (3.85%) Ant
14 135 (3.56%) TeamCity
15 103 (2.72%) GitLab
16 75 (1.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 74 (1.95%) Bitbucket
18 73 (1.93%) Mercurial
19 72 (1.90%) Hudson
20 65 (1.72%) SonarQube
General
1 824 (21.74%) Finance
2 571 (15.07%) Banking
3 163 (4.30%) Investment Banking
4 138 (3.64%) Front Office
5 106 (2.80%) Retail
6 71 (1.87%) Telecoms
7 64 (1.69%) Marketing
8 63 (1.66%) Games
9 44 (1.16%) Manufacturing
10 32 (0.84%) Electronics
11 30 (0.79%) Publishing
12 24 (0.63%) Back Office
13 22 (0.58%) Billing
13 22 (0.58%) Financial Institution
13 22 (0.58%) Retail Banking
14 13 (0.34%) French Language
15 12 (0.32%) Advertising
15 12 (0.32%) Law
16 11 (0.29%) Legal
17 7 (0.18%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 3106 (81.95%) Developer
2 2629 (69.37%) Java Developer
3 506 (13.35%) Senior Developer
4 448 (11.82%) Senior Java Developer
5 229 (6.04%) Full Stack Developer
6 212 (5.59%) Agile Developer
7 208 (5.49%) Architect
8 205 (5.41%) Agile Java Developer
9 177 (4.67%) Java Engineer
10 149 (3.93%) JavaScript Developer
11 130 (3.43%) Angular Developer
12 124 (3.27%) Scala Developer
13 116 (3.06%) Software Engineer
14 102 (2.69%) Lead Developer
15 90 (2.37%) Software Developer
16 84 (2.22%) J2EE Developer
16 84 (2.22%) Java Software Engineer
16 84 (2.22%) Java/J2EE Developer
17 81 (2.14%) AWS Developer
18 80 (2.11%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1286 (33.93%) Hibernate
2 1114 (29.39%) Spring Boot
3 1040 (27.44%) Web Services
4 1039 (27.41%) REST
5 838 (22.11%) RESTful
6 794 (20.95%) HTML
7 702 (18.52%) AngularJS
8 697 (18.39%) J2EE
9 652 (17.20%) JSON
10 625 (16.49%) CSS
11 589 (15.54%) XML
12 544 (14.35%) SOAP
13 512 (13.51%) Spring MVC
14 461 (12.16%) HTML5
15 370 (9.76%) JMS
16 340 (8.97%) Java EE
17 319 (8.42%) Kafka
18 304 (8.02%) Node.js
19 300 (7.92%) Apache Camel
19 300 (7.92%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 234 (6.17%) Greenfield Project
2 172 (4.54%) Algorithms
3 167 (4.41%) Computer Science
4 138 (3.64%) Data Structures
5 132 (3.48%) Enterprise Software
6 122 (3.22%) Analytical Skills
7 113 (2.98%) User Experience
8 108 (2.85%) Virtual Team
9 90 (2.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 78 (2.06%) Mobile App
11 73 (1.93%) Fintech
12 55 (1.45%) Derivative
13 54 (1.42%) Equities
14 51 (1.35%) Fixed Income
15 39 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
16 36 (0.95%) iPad
16 36 (0.95%) N-Tier
17 33 (0.87%) Equity Derivative
18 32 (0.84%) Cloud Native
19 28 (0.74%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 652 (17.20%) Linux
2 383 (10.11%) Unix
3 75 (1.98%) Windows
4 70 (1.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 60 (1.58%) Android
6 50 (1.32%) Apple iOS
7 33 (0.87%) Solaris
8 25 (0.66%) Mac OS X
8 25 (0.66%) Ubuntu
9 23 (0.61%) HPUX
10 19 (0.50%) CentOS
11 8 (0.21%) CoreOS
12 7 (0.18%) AIX
13 5 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
13 5 (0.13%) VMS
14 4 (0.11%) Windows Server
15 3 (0.079%) Debian
16 1 (0.026%) Amazon Linux
16 1 (0.026%) Windows Server 2003
16 1 (0.026%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2298 (60.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1417 (37.39%) TDD
3 1013 (26.73%) Microservices
4 931 (24.56%) Scrum
5 833 (21.98%) Continuous Integration
6 729 (19.23%) MVC
7 698 (18.42%) BDD
8 527 (13.91%) Test Automation
9 489 (12.90%) OO
10 428 (11.29%) Software Engineering
11 422 (11.13%) DevOps
12 392 (10.34%) Open Source
13 367 (9.68%) SOA
14 346 (9.13%) Kanban
15 320 (8.44%) E-Commerce
16 280 (7.39%) Unit Testing
17 277 (7.31%) SDLC
18 250 (6.60%) Multithreading
19 223 (5.88%) Web Development
20 197 (5.20%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 3696 (97.52%) Java
2 1080 (28.50%) JavaScript
3 1064 (28.07%) SQL
4 329 (8.68%) Scala
5 242 (6.39%) Python
6 169 (4.46%) Ruby
7 135 (3.56%) PL/SQL
8 115 (3.03%) Groovy
9 90 (2.37%) C#
9 90 (2.37%) Shell Script
10 84 (2.22%) Bash Shell
11 72 (1.90%) Perl
12 67 (1.77%) ES6
13 61 (1.61%) TypeScript
14 49 (1.29%) C++
14 49 (1.29%) Go
15 41 (1.08%) XPath
16 25 (0.66%) Kotlin
17 22 (0.58%) T-SQL
18 18 (0.47%) PHP
Qualifications
1 229 (6.04%) Security Cleared
2 205 (5.41%) Degree
3 191 (5.04%) SC Cleared
4 74 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
6 16 (0.42%) DBS Check
7 13 (0.34%) ISTQB
8 12 (0.32%) ISEB
9 10 (0.26%) Master's Degree
9 10 (0.26%) Sun Certification
10 7 (0.18%) BC Cleared
10 7 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
11 6 (0.16%) DV Cleared
12 3 (0.079%) PhD
13 2 (0.053%) CFA
14 1 (0.026%) CISSP
14 1 (0.026%) CTC Cleared
14 1 (0.026%) HND
14 1 (0.026%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.026%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (3.77%) QA
2 27 (0.71%) MiFID
3 20 (0.53%) GDPR
3 20 (0.53%) PCI DSS
4 11 (0.29%) GCP
5 10 (0.26%) HL7
6 8 (0.21%) EMIR
7 7 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
7 7 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
8 5 (0.13%) SLA
9 3 (0.079%) WAI
9 3 (0.079%) WCAG
10 1 (0.026%) FedRAMP
10 1 (0.026%) PSD2
10 1 (0.026%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.026%) SEPA
System Software
1 598 (15.78%) Docker
2 125 (3.30%) HDFS
3 95 (2.51%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 27 (0.71%) Active Directory
5 14 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
7 6 (0.16%) LXC
7 6 (0.16%) vSphere
8 5 (0.13%) OpenAM
8 5 (0.13%) Varnish
9 4 (0.11%) OpenIDM
9 4 (0.11%) VirtualBox
10 3 (0.079%) NFS
11 2 (0.053%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.053%) Firmware
11 2 (0.053%) GridGain
11 2 (0.053%) VMware Workstation
12 1 (0.026%) KVM
12 1 (0.026%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 233 (6.15%) Ansible
2 214 (5.65%) Kubernetes
3 213 (5.62%) Puppet
4 116 (3.06%) Opscode Chef
5 73 (1.93%) Terraform
6 49 (1.29%) Kibana
7 37 (0.98%) Hadoop YARN
8 33 (0.87%) Cobbler
9 29 (0.77%) Grafana
10 16 (0.42%) Consul
11 15 (0.40%) logstash
12 12 (0.32%) Oozie
12 12 (0.32%) Rancher
13 10 (0.26%) Business Desktop Deployment
14 9 (0.24%) Zipkin
15 7 (0.18%) Mesos
16 6 (0.16%) Docker Swarm
16 6 (0.16%) Prometheus
16 6 (0.16%) Tivoli
17 4 (0.11%) Nagios
Vendors
1 674 (17.78%) Oracle
2 134 (3.54%) IBM
3 117 (3.09%) Google
4 94 (2.48%) hybris
5 83 (2.19%) SAP
6 70 (1.85%) TIBCO
7 67 (1.77%) Sybase
8 64 (1.69%) MuleSoft
9 56 (1.48%) Perforce
10 54 (1.42%) Red Hat
10 54 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
11 51 (1.35%) Atlassian
12 46 (1.21%) Adobe
13 39 (1.03%) Microsoft
14 30 (0.79%) webMethods
15 29 (0.77%) ATG
16 28 (0.74%) WSO2
17 27 (0.71%) Splunk
18 21 (0.55%) Fidessa
19 20 (0.53%) Reuters