Period
to 26 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 26 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 71 80 56
Rank change year-on-year +9 -24 -1
Contract jobs citing Spring 970 2,516 4,200
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.29% 2.86% 4.09%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.64% 9.15% 11.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 712 1,733 3,113
Median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £363 £400 £375
90th Percentile £668 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £473 £463 £450
% change year-on-year +2.16% +2.78% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 11 18
Median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £43.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.00% +14.29% +2.94%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £49.75 £43.75
% change year-on-year -29.65% +13.71% -16.67%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 9,115 27,495 35,969
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.94% 31.26% 35.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,050 19,081 25,381
Median daily rate £499 £493 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.33% +3.68% +5.56%
10th Percentile £315 £334 £325
90th Percentile £688 £650 £630
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 138 308 332
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.01 £41.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.47% +5.57% +4.22%
10th Percentile £23.20 £20.26 £15.24
90th Percentile £55.00 £63.75 £58.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -19.54% +6.10% +2.50%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 871 £510 -1.92% 339
London +17 557 £530 -3.64% 168
UK excluding London -4 339 £473 +2.16% 198
Work from Home +12 156 £474 -7.56% 69
North of England +43 109 £450 - 43
East of England +39 76 £500 +5.26% 12
Yorkshire +35 51 £450 - 13
South East -18 46 £463 -2.63% 60
North West +26 44 £450 - 21
South West +22 43 £510 +7.26% 25
Scotland -33 25 £438 -2.78% 14
Midlands +10 22 £350 -22.22% 29
West Midlands +14 15 £351 -22.00% 19
North East +38 14 £500 -10.11% 9
Northern Ireland +1 10 £431 -4.33% 5
Wales +27 8 £463 +11.45% 10
East Midlands +37 7 £315 -30.00% 10

For the 6 months to 26 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 939 (96.80%) Java
2 547 (56.39%) Agile Software Development
3 504 (51.96%) Spring Boot
4 480 (49.48%) Microservices
5 333 (34.33%) AWS
6 322 (33.20%) Java 8
7 274 (28.25%) Jenkins
7 274 (28.25%) TDD
8 270 (27.84%) Git (software)
9 252 (25.98%) Maven
10 248 (25.57%) SQL
11 247 (25.46%) REST
12 244 (25.15%) Finance
13 231 (23.81%) Docker
14 211 (21.75%) DevOps
15 206 (21.24%) Scrum
16 191 (19.69%) Banking
17 187 (19.28%) Kubernetes
18 171 (17.63%) Test Automation
18 171 (17.63%) JavaScript
18 171 (17.63%) Web Services
19 166 (17.11%) Security Cleared
19 166 (17.11%) JIRA
20 159 (16.39%) Oracle
21 158 (16.29%) JUnit
21 158 (16.29%) BDD
22 156 (16.08%) RESTful
23 153 (15.77%) Software Engineering
24 152 (15.67%) Continuous Integration
25 140 (14.43%) AngularJS

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (12.68%) Confluence
2 72 (7.42%) Mule
3 53 (5.46%) Cloud Foundry
4 52 (5.36%) Elasticsearch
5 47 (4.85%) WebLogic
6 45 (4.64%) Apache
7 44 (4.54%) Apache Spark
8 43 (4.43%) JBoss
8 43 (4.43%) Red Hat Fuse
8 43 (4.43%) Tomcat
9 23 (2.37%) WebSphere
10 17 (1.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 16 (1.65%) Apache Solr
12 14 (1.44%) Oracle Service Bus
13 10 (1.03%) AquaLogic
13 10 (1.03%) SharePoint
14 9 (0.93%) Anypoint
15 8 (0.82%) CMS
16 7 (0.72%) IIS
16 7 (0.72%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 12 (1.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.41%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.10%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 11 (1.13%) Oracle BPM
2 7 (0.72%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.52%) Temenos T24
4 3 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.10%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.10%) Markit EDM
6 1 (0.10%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.10%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 333 (34.33%) AWS
2 138 (14.23%) Azure
3 77 (7.94%) GCP
4 60 (6.19%) GitHub
5 39 (4.02%) Slack
6 30 (3.09%) OpenShift
7 24 (2.47%) PaaS
8 22 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
9 19 (1.96%) IaaS
10 18 (1.86%) npm
11 17 (1.75%) Amazon S3
12 16 (1.65%) Serverless
13 15 (1.55%) Amazon ECS
14 14 (1.44%) Apigee
15 13 (1.34%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 12 (1.24%) AWS CloudFormation
17 10 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
18 9 (0.93%) AWS Fargate
19 8 (0.82%) Amazon Kinesis
19 8 (0.82%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 46 (4.74%) SSL
2 30 (3.09%) HTTPS
3 25 (2.58%) HTTP
4 12 (1.24%) TCP/IP
5 10 (1.03%) DNS
5 10 (1.03%) Firewall
6 9 (0.93%) Reverse Proxy
7 7 (0.72%) SSH
8 6 (0.62%) FTP
8 6 (0.62%) Internet
9 3 (0.31%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.21%) AMQP
10 2 (0.21%) RTMP
10 2 (0.21%) Skype
10 2 (0.21%) X.509
11 1 (0.10%) Ethernet
11 1 (0.10%) FIX Connectivity
11 1 (0.10%) SMS
11 1 (0.10%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 116 (11.96%) MySQL
2 102 (10.52%) Relational Database
3 97 (10.00%) NoSQL
4 92 (9.48%) MongoDB
5 90 (9.28%) PostgreSQL
6 73 (7.53%) SQL Server
7 52 (5.36%) Oracle Database
8 38 (3.92%) Hadoop
9 31 (3.20%) Apache Cassandra
10 26 (2.68%) RDBMS
11 21 (2.16%) Big Data
12 19 (1.96%) Redis
13 18 (1.86%) Amazon Aurora
13 18 (1.86%) Amazon RDS
13 18 (1.86%) Hazelcast
13 18 (1.86%) Oracle Database 11g
14 16 (1.65%) Oracle Database 12c
15 11 (1.13%) Oracle Database 10g
16 10 (1.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 9 (0.93%) DB2
Development Applications
1 274 (28.25%) Jenkins
2 270 (27.84%) Git (software)
3 252 (25.98%) Maven
4 166 (17.11%) JIRA
5 158 (16.29%) JUnit
6 79 (8.14%) Cucumber
7 74 (7.63%) Mockito
8 70 (7.22%) Gradle
9 67 (6.91%) Subversion
10 65 (6.70%) GitLab
11 61 (6.29%) Sonatype Nexus
12 56 (5.77%) Selenium
13 46 (4.74%) SonarQube
14 34 (3.51%) IntelliJ
15 32 (3.30%) JMeter
16 27 (2.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 25 (2.58%) Android Studio
17 25 (2.58%) Eclipse
17 25 (2.58%) jMock
18 24 (2.47%) Artifactory
General
1 244 (25.15%) Finance
2 191 (19.69%) Banking
3 90 (9.28%) Investment Banking
4 75 (7.73%) Public Sector
5 73 (7.53%) Front Office
6 15 (1.55%) Marketing
7 14 (1.44%) Financial Institution
7 14 (1.44%) Telecoms
8 13 (1.34%) Games
8 13 (1.34%) Retail
9 11 (1.13%) Manufacturing
10 9 (0.93%) Back Office
11 8 (0.82%) Electronics
12 7 (0.72%) Advertising
13 6 (0.62%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.41%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.31%) Corporate Banking
15 3 (0.31%) Law
16 2 (0.21%) French Language
16 2 (0.21%) Legal
Job Titles
1 718 (74.02%) Developer
2 553 (57.01%) Java Developer
3 113 (11.65%) Senior Developer
4 100 (10.31%) Senior Java Developer
5 67 (6.91%) AWS Developer
6 66 (6.80%) Full Stack Developer
7 60 (6.19%) Architect
8 58 (5.98%) Java Engineer
9 50 (5.15%) Software Engineer
10 38 (3.92%) SC Cleared Java Developer
11 30 (3.09%) Backend Developer
12 29 (2.99%) Integration Developer
12 29 (2.99%) Java Software Engineer
13 22 (2.27%) Java Software Developer
13 22 (2.27%) Lead Developer
14 21 (2.16%) AWS Engineer
14 21 (2.16%) Solutions Architect
15 20 (2.06%) Developer/Software Engineer
15 20 (2.06%) Tester
16 19 (1.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 504 (51.96%) Spring Boot
2 247 (25.46%) REST
3 171 (17.63%) Web Services
4 156 (16.08%) RESTful
5 140 (14.43%) AngularJS
6 129 (13.30%) Kafka
7 126 (12.99%) HTML
8 121 (12.47%) React
9 118 (12.16%) Hibernate
10 112 (11.55%) Node.js
11 108 (11.13%) Apache Camel
12 96 (9.90%) CSS
13 95 (9.79%) SOAP
14 92 (9.48%) XML
15 91 (9.38%) J2EE
16 86 (8.87%) JSON
17 83 (8.56%) Middleware
18 71 (7.32%) JMS
19 70 (7.22%) RabbitMQ
20 59 (6.08%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 64 (6.60%) Mobile App
2 39 (4.02%) Enterprise Software
2 39 (4.02%) User Experience
3 36 (3.71%) Fixed Income
4 27 (2.78%) Analytical Skills
5 19 (1.96%) Public Cloud
6 18 (1.86%) Greenfield Project
7 16 (1.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 16 (1.65%) Hybrid Cloud
8 15 (1.55%) Algorithms
8 15 (1.55%) Virtual Team
9 14 (1.44%) Credit Risk
9 14 (1.44%) Pricing Data
10 13 (1.34%) Cloud Native
11 12 (1.24%) Derivative
12 11 (1.13%) Equities
13 10 (1.03%) Clustering
13 10 (1.03%) Data Structures
14 5 (0.52%) FMCG
14 5 (0.52%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 122 (12.58%) Linux
2 87 (8.97%) Unix
3 40 (4.12%) Android
4 32 (3.30%) Apple iOS
5 22 (2.27%) Windows
6 8 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 7 (0.72%) Mac OS X
8 6 (0.62%) Ubuntu
9 5 (0.52%) CentOS
9 5 (0.52%) Debian
10 3 (0.31%) Windows 10
10 3 (0.31%) Windows Server
10 3 (0.31%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.21%) AIX
11 2 (0.21%) Amazon Linux
12 1 (0.10%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 547 (56.39%) Agile Software Development
2 480 (49.48%) Microservices
3 274 (28.25%) TDD
4 211 (21.75%) DevOps
5 206 (21.24%) Scrum
6 171 (17.63%) Test Automation
7 158 (16.29%) BDD
8 153 (15.77%) Software Engineering
9 152 (15.67%) Continuous Integration
10 106 (10.93%) Continuous Delivery
11 105 (10.82%) Kanban
12 85 (8.76%) Pair Programming
13 84 (8.66%) SDLC
14 72 (7.42%) OO
15 60 (6.19%) Multithreading
16 59 (6.08%) Open Source
16 59 (6.08%) Unit Testing
17 58 (5.98%) Problem-Solving
18 51 (5.26%) MVC
19 48 (4.95%) Scaled Agile Framework
Programming Languages
1 939 (96.80%) Java
2 322 (33.20%) Java 8
3 248 (25.57%) SQL
4 171 (17.63%) JavaScript
5 133 (13.71%) Python
6 80 (8.25%) Kotlin
7 63 (6.49%) Scala
8 44 (4.54%) PL/SQL
9 31 (3.20%) Shell Script
10 24 (2.47%) TypeScript
11 23 (2.37%) Apple Swift
11 23 (2.37%) C#
12 16 (1.65%) Groovy
12 16 (1.65%) Perl
13 15 (1.55%) ES6
14 14 (1.44%) C++
14 14 (1.44%) Java 9
14 14 (1.44%) T-SQL
15 12 (1.24%) XPath
16 11 (1.13%) Go
Qualifications
1 166 (17.11%) Security Cleared
2 135 (13.92%) SC Cleared
3 34 (3.51%) Degree
4 20 (2.06%) DV Cleared
5 17 (1.75%) BPSS Clearance
6 16 (1.65%) ISEB
6 16 (1.65%) ISTQB
6 16 (1.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 13 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
8 9 (0.93%) OCPJP
8 9 (0.93%) Sun Certification
9 5 (0.52%) Master's Degree
10 3 (0.31%) AWS Certification
11 1 (0.10%) CISSP
11 1 (0.10%) CREST Certified
11 1 (0.10%) HNC
11 1 (0.10%) HND
11 1 (0.10%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (5.26%) QA
2 4 (0.41%) Data Quality
2 4 (0.41%) NCSC
3 3 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 2 (0.21%) GDPR
4 2 (0.21%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 1 (0.10%) Basel III
5 1 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.10%) MiFID
System Software
1 231 (23.81%) Docker
2 7 (0.72%) vSphere
3 6 (0.62%) Active Directory
4 5 (0.52%) HDFS
4 5 (0.52%) Postfix
4 5 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.21%) NFS
6 2 (0.21%) OpenAM
6 2 (0.21%) OpenDJ
6 2 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 187 (19.28%) Kubernetes
2 60 (6.19%) Terraform
3 49 (5.05%) Prometheus
4 38 (3.92%) Ansible
5 22 (2.27%) Zipkin
6 16 (1.65%) Kibana
7 11 (1.13%) Grafana
7 11 (1.13%) Puppet
8 10 (1.03%) logstash
9 7 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
10 5 (0.52%) Salt
11 4 (0.41%) HP Quality Center
11 4 (0.41%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 3 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
12 3 (0.31%) HP ALM
12 3 (0.31%) linkerd
12 3 (0.31%) Rundeck
12 3 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
12 3 (0.31%) TeamSite
13 2 (0.21%) Consul
Vendors
1 159 (16.39%) Oracle
2 65 (6.70%) Splunk
3 60 (6.19%) AppDynamics
4 41 (4.23%) MuleSoft
5 38 (3.92%) Sybase
6 28 (2.89%) Microsoft
7 22 (2.27%) SAP
8 19 (1.96%) Atlassian
8 19 (1.96%) Red Hat
9 15 (1.55%) BEA
10 14 (1.44%) Blue Coat
10 14 (1.44%) F5
10 14 (1.44%) Google
11 12 (1.24%) webMethods
12 11 (1.13%) IBM
13 10 (1.03%) Axway
13 10 (1.03%) VMware
14 9 (0.93%) Bloomberg
14 9 (0.93%) Murex
14 9 (0.93%) Sun