Period
to 17 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 17 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 86 68 86
Rank change year-on-year -18 +18 -27
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,402 1,345 1,912
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.78% 3.35% 2.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.69% 11.05% 8.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,707 968 1,335
10th Percentile £419 £356 £400
25th Percentile £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £520 £505
Median % change year-on-year +5.77% +2.97% +1.00%
75th Percentile £653 £600 £588
90th Percentile £744 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 11 1
Median hourly rate £66.97 £55.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +21.76% +10.00% +19.76%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 £58.00 -
% change year-on-year +12.93% - -

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,797 12,172 21,713
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 28.65% 30.34% 29.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,049 8,651 15,284
10th Percentile £381 £313 £330
25th Percentile £450 £400 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £480 £490
Median % change year-on-year +14.58% -2.04% +3.16%
75th Percentile £650 £575 £575
90th Percentile £725 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £440
% change year-on-year +11.76% -3.41% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 245 140 202
10th Percentile £20.89 £25.41 £17.21
25th Percentile £36.64 £35.75 £31.50
Median hourly rate £51.25 £45.00 £46.00
Median % change year-on-year +13.89% -2.17% +9.73%
75th Percentile £65.50 £57.63 £53.00
90th Percentile £76.81 £63.53 £78.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £51.50 £47.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +8.42% +5.56% +7.34%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 17 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -21 1,829 £575 +9.52% 548
London -23 1,193 £600 +8.16% 307
Work from Home -8 775 £550 +15.79% 127
UK excluding London -27 690 £500 +11.11% 294
Scotland -14 162 £465 +16.25% 48
North of England -49 140 £525 +11.11% 72
South West -9 99 £517 +14.89% 45
South East -26 93 £588 +40.30% 47
East of England -18 89 £540 +8.00% 25
North West +1 85 £500 +5.82% 34
Midlands -33 63 £495 +15.65% 42
West Midlands -34 47 £495 +23.75% 32
Yorkshire -52 47 £550 +22.22% 25
Wales -5 26 £525 +31.25% 4
Northern Ireland +1 20 £469 +8.82% 11
East Midlands -29 14 £473 +9.88% 8
North East -17 10 £500 - 13

For the 6 months to 17 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,307 (96.04%) Java
2 1,441 (59.99%) Spring Boot
3 1,290 (53.71%) Agile Software Development
4 1,204 (50.12%) Microservices
5 704 (29.31%) Jenkins
6 697 (29.02%) Docker
7 679 (28.27%) Git (software)
8 626 (26.06%) Java 8
9 620 (25.81%) TDD
10 604 (25.15%) AWS
11 592 (24.65%) SQL
12 579 (24.10%) Kubernetes
13 571 (23.77%) REST
14 546 (22.73%) JavaScript
15 526 (21.90%) DevOps
16 511 (21.27%) Maven
17 486 (20.23%) Finance
18 475 (19.78%) Scrum
19 440 (18.32%) Software Engineering
20 439 (18.28%) Banking
21 406 (16.90%) Oracle
22 397 (16.53%) RESTful
23 380 (15.82%) Test Automation
24 378 (15.74%) Kafka
25 369 (15.36%) Hibernate
26 353 (14.70%) BDD
27 338 (14.07%) Social Skills
28 337 (14.03%) Azure
29 336 (13.99%) React
30 332 (13.82%) Linux

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 202 (8.41%) Confluence
2 134 (5.58%) Tomcat
3 79 (3.29%) Elasticsearch
4 71 (2.96%) JBoss
5 65 (2.71%) Apache
6 60 (2.50%) Mule
7 58 (2.41%) Apache Spark
7 58 (2.41%) Cloud Foundry
7 58 (2.41%) WebLogic
8 51 (2.12%) Red Hat Fuse
9 36 (1.50%) WebSphere
10 16 (0.67%) Camunda
10 16 (0.67%) WebSphere Application Server
11 15 (0.62%) nginx
12 14 (0.58%) IIS
13 12 (0.50%) CMS
13 12 (0.50%) Jetty
13 12 (0.50%) OpenStack
14 11 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 9 (0.37%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 5 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.17%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.042%) AutoCAD
3 1 (0.042%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.042%) Pro/ENGINEER
3 1 (0.042%) PTC Creo
3 1 (0.042%) Siemens NX
3 1 (0.042%) SOLIDWORKS
3 1 (0.042%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 14 (0.58%) TIBCO iProcess
2 12 (0.50%) SAP Hybris
3 8 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
4 4 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
5 3 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.12%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 3 (0.12%) WebTrends
6 2 (0.083%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.083%) Magento
6 2 (0.083%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.042%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.042%) SAP CRM
7 1 (0.042%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 1 (0.042%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 604 (25.15%) AWS
2 337 (14.03%) Azure
3 177 (7.37%) GCP
4 106 (4.41%) OpenShift
5 96 (4.00%) Serverless
6 88 (3.66%) GitHub
7 59 (2.46%) AWS Lambda
8 57 (2.37%) Apigee
9 56 (2.33%) Kong
10 51 (2.12%) Amazon S3
11 32 (1.33%) Amazon EC2
11 32 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
12 31 (1.29%) PaaS
13 28 (1.17%) AWS CloudFormation
14 27 (1.12%) SaaS
15 23 (0.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 22 (0.92%) Amazon ECS
16 22 (0.92%) IaaS
17 15 (0.62%) npm
18 14 (0.58%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 58 (2.41%) HTTP
2 9 (0.37%) DSL
2 9 (0.37%) TCP/IP
3 8 (0.33%) Intranet
3 8 (0.33%) SSL
4 7 (0.29%) AMQP
4 7 (0.29%) MQTT
4 7 (0.29%) VPN
5 6 (0.25%) Internet
6 5 (0.21%) Kerberos
6 5 (0.21%) LAN
6 5 (0.21%) SSH
7 4 (0.17%) Firewall
7 4 (0.17%) FTP
8 3 (0.12%) DNS
9 2 (0.083%) 5G
10 1 (0.042%) BIG-IP
10 1 (0.042%) NAS
10 1 (0.042%) NetScaler
10 1 (0.042%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 327 (13.61%) NoSQL
2 308 (12.82%) MongoDB
3 264 (10.99%) PostgreSQL
4 250 (10.41%) Relational Database
5 229 (9.53%) MySQL
6 129 (5.37%) SQL Server
7 105 (4.37%) Oracle Database
8 84 (3.50%) Redis
9 76 (3.16%) RDBMS
10 70 (2.91%) Apache Cassandra
11 54 (2.25%) DB2
12 49 (2.04%) Hazelcast
13 48 (2.00%) Big Data
14 40 (1.67%) Hadoop
15 36 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 32 (1.33%) Couchbase
17 27 (1.12%) Amazon RDS
18 25 (1.04%) BusinessObjects
19 23 (0.96%) MariaDB
20 19 (0.79%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 704 (29.31%) Jenkins
2 679 (28.27%) Git (software)
3 511 (21.27%) Maven
4 297 (12.36%) JUnit
5 294 (12.24%) JIRA
6 195 (8.12%) GitLab
7 170 (7.08%) Cucumber
8 146 (6.08%) Mockito
9 129 (5.37%) Gradle
10 100 (4.16%) SonarQube
11 94 (3.91%) TeamCity
12 93 (3.87%) Sonatype Nexus
13 88 (3.66%) Selenium
14 82 (3.41%) Artifactory
15 81 (3.37%) Bitbucket
16 69 (2.87%) Subversion
17 60 (2.50%) IntelliJ
18 45 (1.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 43 (1.79%) JMeter
19 43 (1.79%) Postman
General
1 486 (20.23%) Finance
2 439 (18.28%) Banking
3 338 (14.07%) Social Skills
4 179 (7.45%) Investment Banking
5 173 (7.20%) Public Sector
6 98 (4.08%) Front Office
7 87 (3.62%) Analytical Skills
8 74 (3.08%) Retail
9 26 (1.08%) Manufacturing
10 24 (1.00%) Marketing
11 23 (0.96%) Telecoms
12 21 (0.87%) Financial Institution
13 20 (0.83%) Documentation Skills
13 20 (0.83%) Games
14 19 (0.79%) Retail Banking
15 18 (0.75%) Electronics
15 18 (0.75%) Presentation Skills
16 16 (0.67%) Law
17 13 (0.54%) Automotive
17 13 (0.54%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,805 (75.15%) Developer
2 1,457 (60.66%) Java Developer
3 293 (12.20%) Senior Developer
4 256 (10.66%) Senior Java Developer
5 162 (6.74%) Java Engineer
6 158 (6.58%) Full Stack Developer
7 111 (4.62%) Architect
8 93 (3.87%) Software Engineer
9 62 (2.58%) SC Cleared Java Developer
10 58 (2.41%) Backend Developer
11 49 (2.04%) Integration Developer
12 46 (1.92%) Software Developer
13 44 (1.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 43 (1.79%) DevOps Engineer
14 43 (1.79%) Java Software Engineer
15 39 (1.62%) Agile Developer
15 39 (1.62%) Agile Java Developer
16 37 (1.54%) Senior Java Engineer
17 36 (1.50%) AWS Developer
18 34 (1.42%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,441 (59.99%) Spring Boot
2 571 (23.77%) REST
3 397 (16.53%) RESTful
4 378 (15.74%) Kafka
5 369 (15.36%) Hibernate
6 336 (13.99%) React
7 325 (13.53%) Node.js
8 309 (12.86%) AngularJS
9 291 (12.11%) HTML
10 283 (11.78%) Web Services
11 259 (10.78%) CSS
12 203 (8.45%) JSON
13 185 (7.70%) XML
14 182 (7.58%) J2EE
15 160 (6.66%) JPA
16 159 (6.62%) Apache Camel
17 140 (5.83%) SOAP
18 123 (5.12%) HTML5
19 121 (5.04%) Middleware
20 120 (5.00%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 98 (4.08%) Greenfield Project
2 84 (3.50%) User Experience
3 79 (3.29%) Cloud Native
4 71 (2.96%) Data Protection Act
5 54 (2.25%) Enterprise Software
6 51 (2.12%) Data Structures
7 48 (2.00%) Virtual Team
8 41 (1.71%) Algorithms
8 41 (1.71%) Public Cloud
9 37 (1.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 33 (1.37%) Hybrid Cloud
11 30 (1.25%) Mobile App
12 29 (1.21%) Fixed Income
13 26 (1.08%) Legacy Systems
13 26 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
14 22 (0.92%) Client/Server
14 22 (0.92%) Derivative
15 18 (0.75%) Credit Risk
16 17 (0.71%) N-Tier
17 16 (0.67%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 332 (13.82%) Linux
2 222 (9.24%) Unix
3 48 (2.00%) Windows
4 41 (1.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 15 (0.62%) Mesosphere
6 14 (0.58%) Android
7 8 (0.33%) CentOS
7 8 (0.33%) Solaris
7 8 (0.33%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.29%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.25%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.21%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.17%) Debian
12 3 (0.12%) AIX
12 3 (0.12%) VMS
13 2 (0.083%) MVS
13 2 (0.083%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.042%) Mac OS X
14 1 (0.042%) Windows 7
14 1 (0.042%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,290 (53.71%) Agile Software Development
2 1,204 (50.12%) Microservices
3 620 (25.81%) TDD
4 526 (21.90%) DevOps
5 475 (19.78%) Scrum
6 440 (18.32%) Software Engineering
7 380 (15.82%) Test Automation
8 353 (14.70%) BDD
9 303 (12.61%) Full Stack Development
10 207 (8.62%) Continuous Integration
11 177 (7.37%) OO
12 164 (6.83%) Problem-Solving
13 163 (6.79%) Unit Testing
14 157 (6.54%) Open Source
15 156 (6.49%) Event-Driven
16 151 (6.29%) Kanban
17 150 (6.24%) Multithreading
18 143 (5.95%) MVC
19 136 (5.66%) Pair Programming
20 128 (5.33%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,307 (96.04%) Java
2 626 (26.06%) Java 8
3 592 (24.65%) SQL
4 546 (22.73%) JavaScript
5 318 (13.24%) Java 11
6 166 (6.91%) Python
7 111 (4.62%) TypeScript
8 106 (4.41%) Shell Script
9 102 (4.25%) Kotlin
10 99 (4.12%) PL/SQL
10 99 (4.12%) Scala
11 51 (2.12%) Groovy
12 38 (1.58%) Bash
13 31 (1.29%) Go
14 30 (1.25%) C#
15 27 (1.12%) Perl
16 23 (0.96%) C++
17 20 (0.83%) Ruby
18 19 (0.79%) T-SQL
19 14 (0.58%) PHP
Qualifications
1 229 (9.53%) Security Cleared
2 162 (6.74%) SC Cleared
3 74 (3.08%) Degree
4 53 (2.21%) BPSS Clearance
5 33 (1.37%) Sun Certification
6 32 (1.33%) DV Cleared
7 30 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
8 27 (1.12%) OCPJP
9 13 (0.54%) Master's Degree
10 10 (0.42%) AWS Certification
11 7 (0.29%) DBS Check
12 6 (0.25%) ISTQB
12 6 (0.25%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 4 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
14 1 (0.042%) CFA
14 1 (0.042%) CISSP
14 1 (0.042%) MBA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (3.29%) QA
2 45 (1.87%) Accessibility
3 7 (0.29%) SLA
4 5 (0.21%) WCAG
5 4 (0.17%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.17%) GDPR
5 4 (0.17%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.12%) Basel II
6 3 (0.12%) NCSC
7 2 (0.083%) Disclosure Scotland
7 2 (0.083%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 2 (0.083%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.042%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.042%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.042%) PSD2
8 1 (0.042%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 697 (29.02%) Docker
2 13 (0.54%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.37%) OpenAM
4 6 (0.25%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.17%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.17%) HDFS
5 4 (0.17%) Platform Symphony
6 3 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.083%) NFS
7 2 (0.083%) Oracle RAC
7 2 (0.083%) Postfix
8 1 (0.042%) FreeRADIUS
8 1 (0.042%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.042%) Shibboleth
8 1 (0.042%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.042%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 579 (24.10%) Kubernetes
2 214 (8.91%) Terraform
3 143 (5.95%) Ansible
4 60 (2.50%) Kibana
5 44 (1.83%) Grafana
6 33 (1.37%) Puppet
7 28 (1.17%) logstash
8 25 (1.04%) Prometheus
9 20 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
9 20 (0.83%) Single Sign-On
10 13 (0.54%) Istio
10 13 (0.54%) Rancher
11 10 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
11 10 (0.42%) Graphite
12 8 (0.33%) Data Guard
12 8 (0.33%) Oozie
13 7 (0.29%) Consul
14 4 (0.17%) HP ALM
15 3 (0.12%) Packer
16 2 (0.083%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 406 (16.90%) Oracle
2 103 (4.29%) Google
3 77 (3.21%) Microsoft
4 57 (2.37%) Red Hat
5 56 (2.33%) IBM
6 44 (1.83%) AppDynamics
7 35 (1.46%) Atlassian
7 35 (1.46%) SAP
8 34 (1.42%) Splunk
9 33 (1.37%) WSO2
10 30 (1.25%) MuleSoft
11 27 (1.12%) Sun
12 26 (1.08%) Sybase
13 25 (1.04%) webMethods
14 24 (1.00%) hybris
15 23 (0.96%) Solace
16 22 (0.92%) Informatica
17 20 (0.83%) BEA
17 20 (0.83%) TIBCO
18 16 (0.67%) Dynatrace