Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 12 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
12 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 84 65 80
Rank change year-on-year -19 +15 -3
Contract jobs citing Spring 2,568 2,576 1,007
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.90% 3.48% 2.91%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.74% 11.56% 9.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,859 1,752 734
10th Percentile £436 £413 £400
25th Percentile £500 £463 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £550 £520
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +5.77% +4.00%
75th Percentile £700 £644 £600
90th Percentile £775 £725 £685
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +10.53% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 32 4
10th Percentile £49.63 £41.23 £54.15
25th Percentile £60.00 £61.69 £56.63
Median hourly rate £65.00 £65.77 £60.00
Median % change year-on-year -1.17% +9.62% +9.09%
75th Percentile £75.00 £71.50 £64.63
90th Percentile £77.00 £73.36 £67.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.00 £65.50 £58.00
% change year-on-year -0.76% +12.93% +0.87%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 23,919 22,285 10,421
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 26.97% 30.15% 30.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,447 15,920 7,294
10th Percentile £406 £360 £325
25th Percentile £473 £420 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £565 £510 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.78% +2.00% +2.56%
75th Percentile £675 £613 £588
90th Percentile £775 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £513 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +13.89% - +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 217 200 100
10th Percentile £19.95 £15.57 £20.50
25th Percentile £37.00 £27.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate £59.00 £47.88 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +23.24% +6.39% -
75th Percentile £67.50 £63.00 £57.50
90th Percentile £76.64 £71.50 £66.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £47.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year +27.66% +11.90% -6.67%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 12 August 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 12 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -27 2,004 £600 +9.09% 419
London -13 1,408 £625 +4.17% 213
Work from Home -13 1,252 £579 +10.28% 216
UK excluding London -47 638 £525 +10.53% 233
Scotland -15 167 £488 +8.33% 15
South East -21 127 £575 +21.05% 51
North of England -67 110 £541 +8.25% 68
South West -5 85 £513 +5.13% 40
Midlands -33 63 £540 +13.98% 34
North West -39 55 £531 +6.25% 26
East of England -17 54 £583 +12.93% 12
West Midlands -29 54 £545 +15.04% 25
Yorkshire -22 41 £545 +9.00% 32
Northern Ireland -5 21 £540 +13.68% 7
Wales +4 17 £650 +15.81% 6
North East -38 14 £550 - 10
East Midlands -3 9 £525 +14.07% 9

For the 6 months to 12 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,462 (95.87%) Java
2 1,553 (60.48%) Spring Boot
3 1,324 (51.56%) Agile
4 1,232 (47.98%) Microservices
5 851 (33.14%) CI/CD
6 785 (30.57%) Docker
7 755 (29.40%) Jenkins
8 676 (26.32%) TDD
9 668 (26.01%) JavaScript
10 658 (25.62%) Kubernetes
11 655 (25.51%) REST
12 633 (24.65%) Git (software)
13 631 (24.57%) DevOps
14 608 (23.68%) Maven
15 575 (22.39%) SQL
16 574 (22.35%) AWS
17 560 (21.81%) Finance
18 504 (19.63%) Software Engineering
19 500 (19.47%) RESTful
20 473 (18.42%) Banking
21 449 (17.48%) React
22 424 (16.51%) Oracle
23 408 (15.89%) Social Skills
24 407 (15.85%) Scrum
25 404 (15.73%) Kafka
26 401 (15.62%) Hibernate
27 389 (15.15%) Test Automation
28 385 (14.99%) JIRA
29 383 (14.91%) Azure
30 376 (14.64%) Full Stack Development

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 185 (7.20%) Confluence
2 72 (2.80%) Tomcat
3 70 (2.73%) JBoss
4 60 (2.34%) Apache
5 58 (2.26%) Mule
6 54 (2.10%) Cloud Foundry
7 51 (1.99%) Red Hat Fuse
8 41 (1.60%) WebLogic
9 37 (1.44%) WebSphere
10 34 (1.32%) Apache Spark
11 24 (0.93%) Oracle Coherence
12 23 (0.90%) Apache Solr
13 18 (0.70%) FileNet
14 17 (0.66%) GeoServer
15 15 (0.58%) Jetty
16 13 (0.51%) CMS
16 13 (0.51%) nginx
17 12 (0.47%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 12 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 10 (0.39%) Documentum
Applications
1 3 (0.12%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.078%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.039%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 21 (0.82%) SAP Hybris
2 10 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
3 6 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.23%) Temenos T24
4 5 (0.19%) ION MarketView
5 4 (0.16%) BondVision
5 4 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
6 3 (0.12%) SDL Web 8
7 2 (0.078%) Dynamics CRM
7 2 (0.078%) Magento
7 2 (0.078%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.078%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 2 (0.078%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 2 (0.078%) WebTrends
8 1 (0.039%) Dynamics AX
8 1 (0.039%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 1 (0.039%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 574 (22.35%) AWS
2 383 (14.91%) Azure
3 201 (7.83%) OpenShift
4 188 (7.32%) GitHub
5 167 (6.50%) Serverless
6 164 (6.39%) GCP
7 155 (6.04%) AWS Lambda
8 133 (5.18%) Amazon S3
9 95 (3.70%) Amazon SQS
10 75 (2.92%) Amazon EC2
11 57 (2.22%) AWS CloudFormation
12 44 (1.71%) Apigee
13 43 (1.67%) SAP Commerce Cloud
14 37 (1.44%) Slack
15 36 (1.40%) Azure Data Factory
16 33 (1.29%) Amazon ECS
16 33 (1.29%) Amazon EKS
17 32 (1.25%) Cloud Computing
18 31 (1.21%) Azure DevOps
19 28 (1.09%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 56 (2.18%) HTTP
2 33 (1.29%) Internet
3 26 (1.01%) HTTPS
4 14 (0.55%) DSL
5 11 (0.43%) SSL
6 9 (0.35%) FTP
7 6 (0.23%) Intranet
7 6 (0.23%) Kerberos
7 6 (0.23%) SMTP
8 5 (0.19%) AMQP
8 5 (0.19%) Firewall
9 3 (0.12%) TCP/IP
10 2 (0.078%) DNS
10 2 (0.078%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
10 2 (0.078%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 2 (0.078%) Intrusion Detection
10 2 (0.078%) LAN
10 2 (0.078%) Reverse Proxy
10 2 (0.078%) SSH
11 1 (0.039%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 331 (12.89%) PostgreSQL
2 282 (10.98%) NoSQL
3 214 (8.33%) Relational Database
3 214 (8.33%) SQL Server
4 198 (7.71%) MongoDB
5 150 (5.84%) MySQL
6 147 (5.72%) Redis
7 119 (4.63%) Elasticsearch
8 70 (2.73%) Oracle Database
9 64 (2.49%) Amazon Aurora
10 57 (2.22%) Big Data
11 56 (2.18%) RDBMS
12 53 (2.06%) Amazon RDS
12 53 (2.06%) DynamoDB
13 40 (1.56%) Apache Cassandra
13 40 (1.56%) Hazelcast
14 28 (1.09%) Delta Lake
15 27 (1.05%) Hadoop
16 20 (0.78%) DB2
17 19 (0.74%) GIS
Development Applications
1 755 (29.40%) Jenkins
2 633 (24.65%) Git (software)
3 608 (23.68%) Maven
4 385 (14.99%) JIRA
5 338 (13.16%) JUnit
6 200 (7.79%) Gradle
7 180 (7.01%) Mockito
8 177 (6.89%) Cucumber
9 175 (6.81%) GitLab
10 141 (5.49%) TeamCity
11 108 (4.21%) Bitbucket
12 103 (4.01%) Sonatype Nexus
13 88 (3.43%) Selenium
14 83 (3.23%) Subversion
15 82 (3.19%) SonarQube
16 66 (2.57%) Eclipse
16 66 (2.57%) IntelliJ
17 62 (2.41%) Artifactory
18 53 (2.06%) Postman
19 51 (1.99%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 560 (21.81%) Finance
2 473 (18.42%) Banking
3 408 (15.89%) Social Skills
4 247 (9.62%) Public Sector
5 167 (6.50%) Investment Banking
6 123 (4.79%) Analytical Skills
7 95 (3.70%) Front Office
8 53 (2.06%) Financial Institution
9 45 (1.75%) Retail
10 38 (1.48%) Automotive
11 32 (1.25%) Law
12 26 (1.01%) Legal
13 22 (0.86%) Influencing Skills
14 21 (0.82%) Telecoms
15 20 (0.78%) Marketing
16 18 (0.70%) Back Office
17 17 (0.66%) Billing
18 13 (0.51%) Documentation Skills
18 13 (0.51%) Presentation Skills
19 12 (0.47%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,792 (69.78%) Developer
2 1,384 (53.89%) Java Developer
3 343 (13.36%) Senior Developer
4 280 (10.90%) Senior Java Developer
5 176 (6.85%) Full Stack Developer
6 174 (6.78%) Software Engineer
7 170 (6.62%) Java Engineer
8 118 (4.60%) Architect
9 79 (3.08%) SC Cleared Java Developer
10 70 (2.73%) Java Software Engineer
11 62 (2.41%) Lead Developer
12 60 (2.34%) Backend Developer
13 59 (2.30%) Technical Leader
14 57 (2.22%) Software Developer
15 52 (2.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 50 (1.95%) Lead Java Developer
17 49 (1.91%) React Developer
18 46 (1.79%) Senior Java Engineer
18 46 (1.79%) Solutions Architect
19 41 (1.60%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,553 (60.48%) Spring Boot
2 655 (25.51%) REST
3 500 (19.47%) RESTful
4 449 (17.48%) React
5 404 (15.73%) Kafka
6 401 (15.62%) Hibernate
7 372 (14.49%) HTML
8 310 (12.07%) Web Services
9 290 (11.29%) CSS
10 265 (10.32%) AngularJS
11 260 (10.12%) JSON
12 256 (9.97%) JPA
13 247 (9.62%) Node.js
14 205 (7.98%) SOAP
15 191 (7.44%) HTML5
16 189 (7.36%) J2EE
17 164 (6.39%) XML
18 151 (5.88%) Spring Security
19 143 (5.57%) JMS
20 139 (5.41%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 145 (5.65%) User Experience
2 97 (3.78%) Legacy Systems
3 92 (3.58%) Cloud Native
4 67 (2.61%) Greenfield Project
5 61 (2.38%) Data Protection Act
6 51 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
7 47 (1.83%) Self-Motivation
8 44 (1.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 42 (1.64%) Virtual Team
10 37 (1.44%) Management Information System
11 35 (1.36%) Linux Command Line
12 33 (1.29%) Fixed Income
12 33 (1.29%) Public Cloud
13 32 (1.25%) Data Structures
14 30 (1.17%) Mobile App
15 23 (0.90%) Algorithms
15 23 (0.90%) Clustering
16 22 (0.86%) Derivative
17 16 (0.62%) Legacy Applications
18 15 (0.58%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 260 (10.12%) Linux
2 156 (6.07%) Unix
3 85 (3.31%) Windows
4 32 (1.25%) Android
5 20 (0.78%) Apple iOS
6 12 (0.47%) CentOS
7 11 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 10 (0.39%) Mac OS X
9 7 (0.27%) VMS
9 7 (0.27%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.16%) Amazon Linux
10 4 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.16%) Windows Server 2019
11 3 (0.12%) Solaris
11 3 (0.12%) zOS
12 2 (0.078%) Oracle Linux
13 1 (0.039%) Debian
13 1 (0.039%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,324 (51.56%) Agile
2 1,232 (47.98%) Microservices
3 851 (33.14%) CI/CD
4 676 (26.32%) TDD
5 631 (24.57%) DevOps
6 504 (19.63%) Software Engineering
7 407 (15.85%) Scrum
8 389 (15.15%) Test Automation
9 376 (14.64%) Full Stack Development
10 335 (13.05%) BDD
11 316 (12.31%) Continuous Integration
12 232 (9.03%) Unit Testing
13 215 (8.37%) Problem-Solving
14 195 (7.59%) SDLC
15 179 (6.97%) Multithreading
16 175 (6.81%) MVC
17 174 (6.78%) Continuous Delivery
18 171 (6.66%) Kanban
19 166 (6.46%) Event-Driven
20 162 (6.31%) OO
Programming Languages
1 2,462 (95.87%) Java
2 668 (26.01%) JavaScript
3 575 (22.39%) SQL
4 302 (11.76%) Python
5 232 (9.03%) TypeScript
6 116 (4.52%) Kotlin
7 114 (4.44%) C#
8 94 (3.66%) Scala
9 87 (3.39%) Shell Script
10 83 (3.23%) PL/SQL
11 64 (2.49%) Bash
12 45 (1.75%) Perl
13 44 (1.71%) ES6
14 40 (1.56%) Groovy
15 28 (1.09%) Ruby
16 27 (1.05%) C++
17 22 (0.86%) Go
18 17 (0.66%) PHP
19 16 (0.62%) C
19 16 (0.62%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 297 (11.57%) Security Cleared
2 245 (9.54%) SC Cleared
3 87 (3.39%) Degree
4 49 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 43 (1.67%) DV Cleared
6 40 (1.56%) BPSS Clearance
7 8 (0.31%) OCP
7 8 (0.31%) Oracle Certification
8 6 (0.23%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.19%) Sun Certification
10 3 (0.12%) OCPJP
10 3 (0.12%) PhD
11 2 (0.078%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.078%) CISSP
11 2 (0.078%) MBA
12 1 (0.039%) CISA
12 1 (0.039%) CTC Cleared
12 1 (0.039%) GIAC
12 1 (0.039%) GPEN
12 1 (0.039%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 123 (4.79%) QA
2 89 (3.47%) Accessibility
3 13 (0.51%) GDPR
4 11 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
5 7 (0.27%) ISO 20022
5 7 (0.27%) WCAG
6 4 (0.16%) SEPA
7 3 (0.12%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.078%) FATCA
9 1 (0.039%) Cyber Essentials
9 1 (0.039%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 1 (0.039%) NCSC
System Software
1 785 (30.57%) Docker
2 11 (0.43%) Postfix
3 9 (0.35%) Platform Symphony
4 8 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 8 (0.31%) etcd
4 8 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.23%) HDFS
6 6 (0.23%) VirtualBox
7 4 (0.16%) vSphere
8 3 (0.12%) GridGain
9 2 (0.078%) Squid
10 1 (0.039%) Active Directory
10 1 (0.039%) OpenAM
10 1 (0.039%) OpenDJ
10 1 (0.039%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 658 (25.62%) Kubernetes
2 185 (7.20%) Ansible
3 129 (5.02%) Terraform
4 84 (3.27%) Grafana
5 61 (2.38%) Kibana
6 50 (1.95%) Puppet
7 23 (0.90%) Rancher
8 22 (0.86%) Mesos
9 21 (0.82%) Consul
9 21 (0.82%) Docker Swarm
9 21 (0.82%) ITRS Geneos
10 20 (0.78%) Istio
11 14 (0.55%) logstash
12 12 (0.47%) Prometheus
13 10 (0.39%) Packer
14 9 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
15 5 (0.19%) HAProxy
16 4 (0.16%) Control-M
16 4 (0.16%) Oozie
17 3 (0.12%) Active Directory Federation Services
Vendors
1 424 (16.51%) Oracle
2 111 (4.32%) IBM
3 103 (4.01%) Google
4 87 (3.39%) Microsoft
5 82 (3.19%) Splunk
6 60 (2.34%) Sybase
7 55 (2.14%) Red Hat
8 44 (1.71%) AppDynamics
8 44 (1.71%) SAP
9 43 (1.67%) Dynatrace
10 38 (1.48%) Databricks
11 32 (1.25%) MuleSoft
12 27 (1.05%) Atlassian
13 25 (0.97%) WSO2
14 24 (0.93%) New Relic
15 18 (0.70%) TIBCO
16 16 (0.62%) Perforce
17 15 (0.58%) Confluent
18 14 (0.55%) Adobe
19 13 (0.51%) Mercator