Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 86 59 56
Rank change year-on-year -27 -3 +20
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,916 3,940 3,712
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.63% 3.99% 3.76%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 8.74% 11.67% 11.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,306 2,738 2,657
UK median daily rate £513 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £338
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 13 6
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -22.22% -10.00%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £36.23 £45.00
% change year-on-year -3.38% -19.50% -10.00%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 21,933 33,768 31,684
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.09% 34.17% 32.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,081 23,763 22,616
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £461
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +3.04% +8.47%
10th Percentile £330 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 247 293 328
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.53 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.34% +3.83% -
10th Percentile £18.78 £17.70 £18.50
90th Percentile £78.75 £60.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £41.53 £40.00
% change year-on-year -1.28% +3.83% +5.26%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 1,725 £513 -0.49% 714
London -12 1,010 £550 - 390
UK excluding London -45 876 £475 +5.56% 393
South East -69 213 £475 -5.00% 96
North of England -16 212 £475 +5.56% 78
Midlands -36 132 £463 +2.78% 50
South West +22 125 £450 - 61
Scotland -31 119 £460 +8.24% 37
Yorkshire +16 106 £488 +8.33% 28
West Midlands -17 100 £475 +5.56% 31
North West -42 79 £475 +5.56% 38
East Midlands -22 32 £388 -11.43% 19
North East +12 27 £425 +3.03% 12
Northern Ireland +6 25 £425 +3.16% 10
Wales -10 24 £515 +22.62% 22
East of England -85 21 £475 -2.06% 40
Channel Islands -8 2 - -

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,791 (93.48%) Java
2 1,141 (59.55%) Agile Software Development
3 821 (42.85%) Microservices
3 821 (42.85%) Spring Boot
4 676 (35.28%) TDD
5 623 (32.52%) Java 8
6 533 (27.82%) Git (software)
7 513 (26.77%) Docker
8 500 (26.10%) Jenkins
9 490 (25.57%) AWS
10 484 (25.26%) REST
11 474 (24.74%) JavaScript
12 450 (23.49%) SQL
13 447 (23.33%) Maven
14 430 (22.44%) Scrum
15 424 (22.13%) AngularJS
16 407 (21.24%) JUnit
17 404 (21.09%) RESTful
18 375 (19.57%) DevOps
19 369 (19.26%) Web Services
20 362 (18.89%) HTML
21 348 (18.16%) Hibernate
22 341 (17.80%) CSS
23 332 (17.33%) Continuous Integration
24 319 (16.65%) Kubernetes
25 314 (16.39%) BDD
26 310 (16.18%) Finance
27 301 (15.71%) Test Automation
28 277 (14.46%) Kafka
29 261 (13.62%) Security Cleared

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 122 (6.37%) Confluence
2 114 (5.95%) Tomcat
3 94 (4.91%) Apache
4 91 (4.75%) Elasticsearch
5 75 (3.91%) WebLogic
6 69 (3.60%) JBoss
7 51 (2.66%) Cloud Foundry
8 49 (2.56%) Apache Spark
9 25 (1.30%) WebSphere
10 21 (1.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 17 (0.89%) Mule
12 16 (0.84%) Jetty
13 15 (0.78%) Camunda
13 15 (0.78%) CMS
14 14 (0.73%) nginx
15 11 (0.57%) WildFly
16 10 (0.52%) Apache Solr
17 8 (0.42%) Red Hat Fuse
18 7 (0.37%) IIS
19 6 (0.31%) OpenStack
Applications
1 10 (0.52%) GIMP
1 10 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
1 10 (0.52%) Photoshop
2 8 (0.42%) Windchill
3 2 (0.10%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.052%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.052%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (0.42%) Oracle AML
1 8 (0.42%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 7 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
3 6 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.052%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.052%) ENOVIA
6 1 (0.052%) Oracle Retail
6 1 (0.052%) SAP CAR
Cloud Services
1 490 (25.57%) AWS
2 184 (9.60%) Azure
3 103 (5.38%) GitHub
4 92 (4.80%) GCP
5 88 (4.59%) Amazon EC2
6 67 (3.50%) Amazon SQS
7 46 (2.40%) OpenShift
8 37 (1.93%) Serverless
9 26 (1.36%) AWS Lambda
10 24 (1.25%) Amazon S3
11 23 (1.20%) npm
12 17 (0.89%) PaaS
13 12 (0.63%) Cloud Computing
13 12 (0.63%) SaaS
14 11 (0.57%) Slack
15 10 (0.52%) Amazon Kinesis
16 9 (0.47%) Amazon EKS
16 9 (0.47%) Google Analytics
17 8 (0.42%) IaaS
18 7 (0.37%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 92 (4.80%) HTTP
2 49 (2.56%) TCP/IP
3 30 (1.57%) SSL
4 24 (1.25%) Internet
5 22 (1.15%) SSH
6 16 (0.84%) FTP
7 14 (0.73%) DNS
8 10 (0.52%) HTTPS
8 10 (0.52%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.26%) Firewall
9 5 (0.26%) SMTP
10 3 (0.16%) DHCP
10 3 (0.16%) Remote Desktop
10 3 (0.16%) Reverse Proxy
10 3 (0.16%) Wireshark
11 2 (0.10%) AMQP
11 2 (0.10%) RTMP
12 1 (0.052%) DSL
12 1 (0.052%) Skype
12 1 (0.052%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 188 (9.81%) NoSQL
2 176 (9.19%) PostgreSQL
3 163 (8.51%) MongoDB
4 159 (8.30%) Relational Database
5 132 (6.89%) MySQL
6 101 (5.27%) SQL Server
7 73 (3.81%) Amazon RDS
8 68 (3.55%) Oracle Database
9 58 (3.03%) Hadoop
10 48 (2.51%) Big Data
11 44 (2.30%) Apache Cassandra
12 39 (2.04%) RDBMS
13 23 (1.20%) Flink
14 20 (1.04%) DB2
15 18 (0.94%) Redis
16 14 (0.73%) Apache Hive
17 13 (0.68%) HBase
17 13 (0.68%) Oracle Database 12c
18 11 (0.57%) Oracle Database 10g
18 11 (0.57%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 533 (27.82%) Git (software)
2 500 (26.10%) Jenkins
3 447 (23.33%) Maven
4 407 (21.24%) JUnit
5 238 (12.42%) Mockito
6 210 (10.96%) JIRA
7 168 (8.77%) Gradle
8 167 (8.72%) Cucumber
9 122 (6.37%) SonarQube
10 103 (5.38%) Selenium
11 87 (4.54%) Eclipse
12 78 (4.07%) Subversion
13 72 (3.76%) jMock
14 69 (3.60%) DbUnit
15 68 (3.55%) Bitbucket
16 67 (3.50%) GitLab
17 63 (3.29%) IntelliJ
18 57 (2.97%) Ant
19 40 (2.09%) Spock
20 36 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 310 (16.18%) Finance
2 180 (9.39%) Banking
3 150 (7.83%) Public Sector
4 68 (3.55%) Investment Banking
5 50 (2.61%) Retail
6 40 (2.09%) Front Office
7 31 (1.62%) Marketing
8 23 (1.20%) Games
9 22 (1.15%) Automotive
9 22 (1.15%) Manufacturing
10 19 (0.99%) Telecoms
11 14 (0.73%) Back Office
12 13 (0.68%) Financial Institution
13 12 (0.63%) Electronics
14 11 (0.57%) Retail Banking
15 9 (0.47%) Aerospace
16 6 (0.31%) Advertising
17 5 (0.26%) Legal
18 4 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
19 3 (0.16%) Law
Job Titles
1 1,571 (81.99%) Developer
2 1,248 (65.14%) Java Developer
3 195 (10.18%) Senior Developer
4 189 (9.86%) Full Stack Developer
5 162 (8.46%) Senior Java Developer
6 109 (5.69%) Java Engineer
7 95 (4.96%) AWS Developer
8 92 (4.80%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 88 (4.59%) Software Engineer
10 80 (4.18%) Agile Developer
11 73 (3.81%) Agile Java Developer
12 72 (3.76%) React Developer
13 65 (3.39%) Backend Developer
14 64 (3.34%) Angular Developer
15 55 (2.87%) Java Software Engineer
16 48 (2.51%) Architect
17 38 (1.98%) Java Software Developer
17 38 (1.98%) Software Developer
18 37 (1.93%) Java Developer - Fintech
19 36 (1.88%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 821 (42.85%) Spring Boot
2 484 (25.26%) REST
3 424 (22.13%) AngularJS
4 404 (21.09%) RESTful
5 369 (19.26%) Web Services
6 362 (18.89%) HTML
7 348 (18.16%) Hibernate
8 341 (17.80%) CSS
9 277 (14.46%) Kafka
10 260 (13.57%) React
11 220 (11.48%) JSON
12 210 (10.96%) SOAP
13 202 (10.54%) Node.js
14 182 (9.50%) J2EE
15 175 (9.13%) HTML5
16 162 (8.46%) XML
17 142 (7.41%) JPA
18 135 (7.05%) Spring Cloud
19 119 (6.21%) RabbitMQ
20 118 (6.16%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 141 (7.36%) Greenfield Project
2 81 (4.23%) User Experience
3 73 (3.81%) Enterprise Software
4 71 (3.71%) Analytical Skills
5 56 (2.92%) Mobile App
6 47 (2.45%) Virtual Team
7 44 (2.30%) Linux Command Line
8 33 (1.72%) Algorithms
8 33 (1.72%) Derivative
9 32 (1.67%) Cloud Native
9 32 (1.67%) Data Structures
10 30 (1.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 26 (1.36%) Equity Derivative
11 26 (1.36%) Fixed Income
12 25 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
13 18 (0.94%) NHS
14 17 (0.89%) Mobile Payment
15 13 (0.68%) N-Tier
16 12 (0.63%) Public Cloud
17 11 (0.57%) Smart City
Operating Systems
1 236 (12.32%) Linux
2 164 (8.56%) Unix
3 48 (2.51%) Windows
4 36 (1.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 32 (1.67%) Ubuntu
6 25 (1.30%) Android
7 22 (1.15%) Apple iOS
8 21 (1.10%) CentOS
8 21 (1.10%) Debian
9 6 (0.31%) Mac OS
10 5 (0.26%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
10 5 (0.26%) Windows Server
11 4 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
12 3 (0.16%) Solaris
12 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.052%) VMS
13 1 (0.052%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,141 (59.55%) Agile Software Development
2 821 (42.85%) Microservices
3 676 (35.28%) TDD
4 430 (22.44%) Scrum
5 375 (19.57%) DevOps
6 332 (17.33%) Continuous Integration
7 314 (16.39%) BDD
8 301 (15.71%) Test Automation
9 228 (11.90%) Software Engineering
10 214 (11.17%) Open Source
11 173 (9.03%) MVC
12 168 (8.77%) Kanban
13 167 (8.72%) OO
14 149 (7.78%) Problem-Solving
15 147 (7.67%) Pair Programming
16 141 (7.36%) Unit Testing
17 117 (6.11%) Mentoring
18 94 (4.91%) Continuous Delivery
19 90 (4.70%) Web Development
20 89 (4.65%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 1,791 (93.48%) Java
2 623 (32.52%) Java 8
3 474 (24.74%) JavaScript
4 450 (23.49%) SQL
5 185 (9.66%) Python
6 104 (5.43%) Scala
7 88 (4.59%) ES6
8 80 (4.18%) TypeScript
9 79 (4.12%) C#
10 71 (3.71%) PL/SQL
11 68 (3.55%) Ruby
12 64 (3.34%) Kotlin
13 58 (3.03%) Bash Shell
14 55 (2.87%) Groovy
15 54 (2.82%) Shell Script
16 44 (2.30%) C++
17 21 (1.10%) Go
18 19 (0.99%) Perl
19 18 (0.94%) ES7
20 16 (0.84%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 261 (13.62%) Security Cleared
2 206 (10.75%) SC Cleared
3 100 (5.22%) Degree
4 33 (1.72%) Computer Science Degree
4 33 (1.72%) DV Cleared
5 18 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (0.63%) Sun Certification
7 11 (0.57%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.47%) OCPJP
9 6 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.26%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.26%) DBS Check
11 3 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
11 3 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
11 3 (0.16%) SANS
12 2 (0.10%) CompTIA Security+
12 2 (0.10%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.10%) Linux+ Certification
12 2 (0.10%) Network+ Certification
12 2 (0.10%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (2.45%) QA
2 6 (0.31%) PMO
3 4 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 4 (0.21%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.16%) GDPR
4 3 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 3 (0.16%) SEPA
5 2 (0.10%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.10%) PSD2
5 2 (0.10%) SLA
5 2 (0.10%) WCAG
6 1 (0.052%) HL7
6 1 (0.052%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.052%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 513 (26.77%) Docker
2 53 (2.77%) Postfix
3 22 (1.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 19 (0.99%) vSphere
5 10 (0.52%) HDFS
6 6 (0.31%) GridGain
6 6 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
7 3 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.16%) NFS
7 3 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.10%) vCloud
9 1 (0.052%) Active Directory
9 1 (0.052%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.052%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 319 (16.65%) Kubernetes
2 72 (3.76%) Terraform
3 69 (3.60%) Ansible
4 53 (2.77%) Puppet
5 29 (1.51%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (1.30%) Kibana
7 17 (0.89%) Grafana
8 14 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
9 10 (0.52%) Prometheus
10 8 (0.42%) logstash
11 7 (0.37%) Consul
11 7 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
12 6 (0.31%) Cobbler
12 6 (0.31%) Salt
13 5 (0.26%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 5 (0.26%) Oracle Identity Manager
13 5 (0.26%) Oracle RMAN
13 5 (0.26%) Packer
13 5 (0.26%) Rundeck
14 3 (0.16%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 255 (13.31%) Oracle
2 107 (5.58%) Google
3 52 (2.71%) Microsoft
4 35 (1.83%) SAP
5 26 (1.36%) Atlassian
6 25 (1.30%) Red Hat
6 25 (1.30%) VMware
7 24 (1.25%) Adobe
7 24 (1.25%) hybris
7 24 (1.25%) Splunk
8 22 (1.15%) MuleSoft
9 18 (0.94%) IBM
10 17 (0.89%) webMethods
11 15 (0.78%) AppDynamics
12 13 (0.68%) Cloudera
12 13 (0.68%) Talend
13 11 (0.57%) ForgeRock
13 11 (0.57%) WSO2
14 10 (0.52%) BEA
15 9 (0.47%) Sybase