Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 70 76 67
Rank change year-on-year +6 -9 -3
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,780 1,484 3,273
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.20% 2.86% 3.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.57% 9.53% 10.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,233 1,088 2,252
10th Percentile £390 £400 £375
25th Percentile £450 £437 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £514 £500
Median % change year-on-year +2.19% +2.75% +4.17%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -3.16% +5.56% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 4 9
10th Percentile £40.00 £54.15 £39.65
25th Percentile £40.75 £56.63 £47.50
Median hourly rate £55.00 £60.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year -8.33% +9.09% +22.22%
75th Percentile £65.52 £64.63 £60.00
90th Percentile £68.29 £67.55 "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £56.50 £58.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year -2.59% +5.45% +22.22%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,842 15,566 30,448
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.24% 29.99% 32.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,022 10,982 21,675
10th Percentile £338 £331 £331
25th Percentile £410 £411 £403
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £488
Median % change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £644
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -3.33% - +9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 182 149 282
10th Percentile £23.81 £18.79 £17.43
25th Percentile £34.00 £31.25 £27.75
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.40 £44.34
Median % change year-on-year -3.02% +4.65% +6.84%
75th Percentile £57.50 £55.00 £52.50
90th Percentile £66.00 £68.90 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.00
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +8.64%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 1,426 £550 +5.77% 524
London +4 1,055 £575 +4.55% 244
UK excluding London +11 530 £460 -3.16% 341
Work from Home -32 402 £495 -1.00% 125
Scotland +64 195 £425 -8.11% 40
North of England +16 102 £500 +11.11% 90
South East -2 82 £450 -5.26% 80
South West +5 63 £500 - 31
North West +17 41 £475 +4.97% 60
North East +17 37 £538 +25.00% 6
East of England -13 37 £525 +5.00% 29
Midlands -33 30 £425 -3.19% 49
Yorkshire -5 24 £500 +5.26% 24
West Midlands -47 20 £428 -2.51% 38
Northern Ireland +7 12 £431 +4.48% 7
East Midlands +10 11 £386 -9.12% 10
Wales -6 8 £450 -5.26% 15
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,684 (94.61%) Java
2 956 (53.71%) Spring Boot
3 953 (53.54%) Agile Software Development
4 896 (50.34%) Microservices
5 519 (29.16%) TDD
6 505 (28.37%) Java 8
7 489 (27.47%) Docker
8 481 (27.02%) REST
9 477 (26.80%) Jenkins
10 466 (26.18%) SQL
11 465 (26.12%) Finance
12 426 (23.93%) Banking
13 424 (23.82%) Kubernetes
14 420 (23.60%) JavaScript
15 419 (23.54%) AWS
16 418 (23.48%) Git (software)
17 380 (21.35%) DevOps
18 374 (21.01%) Maven
19 337 (18.93%) Scrum
20 306 (17.19%) Hibernate
21 298 (16.74%) BDD
22 297 (16.69%) Social Skills
23 295 (16.57%) AngularJS
24 279 (15.67%) Linux
25 271 (15.22%) Kafka
26 261 (14.66%) React
27 259 (14.55%) RESTful
28 258 (14.49%) Continuous Integration
29 257 (14.44%) Software Engineering
30 248 (13.93%) Oracle

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 115 (6.46%) Mule
2 96 (5.39%) Confluence
3 86 (4.83%) Apache
4 78 (4.38%) Red Hat Fuse
5 77 (4.33%) Tomcat
6 65 (3.65%) JBoss
7 64 (3.60%) Cloud Foundry
8 56 (3.15%) Elasticsearch
9 40 (2.25%) Apache Spark
10 37 (2.08%) WebSphere
11 35 (1.97%) WebLogic
12 27 (1.52%) Camunda
13 19 (1.07%) Jetty
13 19 (1.07%) Oracle Coherence
14 15 (0.84%) CMS
15 14 (0.79%) nginx
16 12 (0.67%) Anypoint
17 11 (0.62%) Mule ESB
18 10 (0.56%) GemFire
19 7 (0.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 7 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.056%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (0.34%) Adobe Campaign
1 6 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
2 4 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 2 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
3 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.11%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.11%) R3 Corda
3 2 (0.11%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
3 2 (0.11%) RMDS
3 2 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
3 2 (0.11%) Temenos T24
4 1 (0.056%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.056%) Minerva
4 1 (0.056%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.056%) Tesseract
Cloud Services
1 419 (23.54%) AWS
2 204 (11.46%) Azure
3 118 (6.63%) OpenShift
4 104 (5.84%) GCP
5 100 (5.62%) Serverless
6 75 (4.21%) GitHub
7 73 (4.10%) AWS Lambda
8 65 (3.65%) Amazon S3
9 55 (3.09%) PaaS
10 43 (2.42%) AWS CloudFormation
11 34 (1.91%) SaaS
12 30 (1.69%) Amazon ECS
13 28 (1.57%) IaaS
14 25 (1.40%) Apigee
14 25 (1.40%) Cloud Computing
15 21 (1.18%) Amazon SQS
16 19 (1.07%) Slack
17 15 (0.84%) Amazon Kinesis
18 14 (0.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 14 (0.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 33 (1.85%) HTTP
2 25 (1.40%) SSL
3 10 (0.56%) Internet
3 10 (0.56%) SMS
4 9 (0.51%) TCP/IP
5 8 (0.45%) HTTPS
5 8 (0.45%) Kerberos
5 8 (0.45%) LAN
6 7 (0.39%) DNS
7 6 (0.34%) SSH
8 5 (0.28%) DMARC
8 5 (0.28%) SMTP
9 4 (0.22%) AMQP
9 4 (0.22%) WebEx
10 3 (0.17%) Broadband
10 3 (0.17%) FTP
11 2 (0.11%) OpenLDAP
11 2 (0.11%) PuTTY
11 2 (0.11%) Reverse Proxy
11 2 (0.11%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 212 (11.91%) NoSQL
2 199 (11.18%) Relational Database
3 170 (9.55%) PostgreSQL
4 156 (8.76%) MongoDB
5 95 (5.34%) MySQL
6 84 (4.72%) SQL Server
7 57 (3.20%) Oracle Database
8 55 (3.09%) RDBMS
9 51 (2.87%) Redis
10 48 (2.70%) Hazelcast
11 44 (2.47%) Hadoop
12 39 (2.19%) DB2
13 36 (2.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 36 (2.02%) Apache Cassandra
14 34 (1.91%) Amazon Aurora
15 26 (1.46%) Big Data
16 17 (0.96%) Apache Hive
17 11 (0.62%) Informix
18 10 (0.56%) GIS
18 10 (0.56%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 477 (26.80%) Jenkins
2 418 (23.48%) Git (software)
3 374 (21.01%) Maven
4 192 (10.79%) JUnit
5 169 (9.49%) JIRA
6 156 (8.76%) Cucumber
7 89 (5.00%) Mockito
8 86 (4.83%) Gradle
9 84 (4.72%) Subversion
10 83 (4.66%) Selenium
11 76 (4.27%) GitLab
12 57 (3.20%) Sonatype Nexus
13 55 (3.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 50 (2.81%) SonarQube
15 40 (2.25%) IntelliJ
16 37 (2.08%) Eclipse
17 33 (1.85%) Artifactory
17 33 (1.85%) TeamCity
18 31 (1.74%) Bitbucket
19 26 (1.46%) Ant
General
1 465 (26.12%) Finance
2 426 (23.93%) Banking
3 297 (16.69%) Social Skills
4 143 (8.03%) Investment Banking
5 104 (5.84%) Front Office
6 97 (5.45%) Public Sector
7 81 (4.55%) Analytical Skills
8 48 (2.70%) Retail
9 37 (2.08%) Retail Banking
10 32 (1.80%) Marketing
11 17 (0.96%) Financial Institution
12 15 (0.84%) Influencing Skills
13 14 (0.79%) Manufacturing
14 13 (0.73%) Games
15 11 (0.62%) Publishing
15 11 (0.62%) Telecoms
16 9 (0.51%) Presentation Skills
17 8 (0.45%) Electronics
18 6 (0.34%) Back Office
18 6 (0.34%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,346 (75.62%) Developer
2 1,036 (58.20%) Java Developer
3 247 (13.88%) Senior Developer
4 221 (12.42%) Senior Java Developer
5 148 (8.31%) Full Stack Developer
6 108 (6.07%) Java Engineer
7 103 (5.79%) Architect
8 88 (4.94%) AWS Developer
9 74 (4.16%) Integration Developer
9 74 (4.16%) Software Engineer
10 52 (2.92%) Java Software Engineer
11 47 (2.64%) React Developer
12 46 (2.58%) Lead Developer
12 46 (2.58%) Software Developer
13 40 (2.25%) Angular Developer
14 38 (2.13%) Consultant
15 36 (2.02%) Backend Developer
16 35 (1.97%) SC Cleared Java Developer
17 33 (1.85%) Scala Developer
17 33 (1.85%) Senior Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 956 (53.71%) Spring Boot
2 481 (27.02%) REST
3 306 (17.19%) Hibernate
4 295 (16.57%) AngularJS
5 271 (15.22%) Kafka
6 261 (14.66%) React
7 259 (14.55%) RESTful
8 246 (13.82%) Web Services
9 240 (13.48%) HTML
10 177 (9.94%) Node.js
11 176 (9.89%) CSS
12 150 (8.43%) J2EE
12 150 (8.43%) Middleware
13 146 (8.20%) Apache Camel
14 133 (7.47%) JSON
15 126 (7.08%) XML
16 122 (6.85%) HTML5
17 118 (6.63%) JMS
18 115 (6.46%) SOAP
19 113 (6.35%) Spring Integration
Miscellaneous
1 71 (3.99%) Enterprise Software
2 68 (3.82%) User Experience
3 52 (2.92%) Mobile App
4 50 (2.81%) Data Structures
5 47 (2.64%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 46 (2.58%) Fixed Income
7 43 (2.42%) Cloud Native
8 42 (2.36%) Greenfield Project
8 42 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
9 40 (2.25%) Clustering
10 30 (1.69%) Algorithms
11 28 (1.57%) Virtual Team
12 21 (1.18%) Derivative
13 20 (1.12%) Grid Computing
13 20 (1.12%) Management Information System
13 20 (1.12%) Public Cloud
14 18 (1.01%) Linux Command Line
15 17 (0.96%) Market Risk
16 16 (0.90%) Credit Risk
16 16 (0.90%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 279 (15.67%) Linux
2 198 (11.12%) Unix
3 50 (2.81%) Windows
4 27 (1.52%) Android
5 15 (0.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (0.79%) Apple iOS
7 6 (0.34%) CentOS
7 6 (0.34%) Mac OS X
7 6 (0.34%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.28%) Debian
9 2 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
9 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.11%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.056%) MVS
10 1 (0.056%) OpenWrt
10 1 (0.056%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 953 (53.54%) Agile Software Development
2 896 (50.34%) Microservices
3 519 (29.16%) TDD
4 380 (21.35%) DevOps
5 337 (18.93%) Scrum
6 298 (16.74%) BDD
7 258 (14.49%) Continuous Integration
8 257 (14.44%) Software Engineering
9 222 (12.47%) Test Automation
10 162 (9.10%) Unit Testing
11 159 (8.93%) SDLC
12 152 (8.54%) OO
13 146 (8.20%) Multithreading
14 133 (7.47%) Continuous Delivery
15 126 (7.08%) Kanban
16 119 (6.69%) MVC
17 117 (6.57%) Problem-Solving
18 112 (6.29%) Open Source
19 108 (6.07%) Pair Programming
20 98 (5.51%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,684 (94.61%) Java
2 505 (28.37%) Java 8
3 466 (26.18%) SQL
4 420 (23.60%) JavaScript
5 192 (10.79%) Python
6 105 (5.90%) TypeScript
7 103 (5.79%) Scala
8 91 (5.11%) Kotlin
9 67 (3.76%) PL/SQL
10 51 (2.87%) Shell Script
11 39 (2.19%) Groovy
12 31 (1.74%) ES6
13 30 (1.69%) T-SQL
14 28 (1.57%) Go
15 26 (1.46%) Bash Shell
16 25 (1.40%) C
17 24 (1.35%) C++
18 23 (1.29%) C#
19 20 (1.12%) Perl
20 17 (0.96%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 157 (8.82%) Security Cleared
2 125 (7.02%) SC Cleared
3 55 (3.09%) Degree
4 26 (1.46%) DV Cleared
5 24 (1.35%) Computer Science Degree
6 18 (1.01%) AWS Certification
7 12 (0.67%) Master's Degree
8 11 (0.62%) Sun Certification
9 10 (0.56%) OCPJP
10 7 (0.39%) CTC Cleared
11 4 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
12 3 (0.17%) CFA
13 1 (0.056%) DBS Check
13 1 (0.056%) HNC
13 1 (0.056%) HND
13 1 (0.056%) ISEB
13 1 (0.056%) ISTQB
13 1 (0.056%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (3.09%) QA
2 8 (0.45%) GDPR
3 7 (0.39%) ISO 20022
3 7 (0.39%) MiFID
4 6 (0.34%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.28%) PMO
6 3 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.17%) SLA
6 3 (0.17%) WCAG
7 2 (0.11%) ISO 15022
8 1 (0.056%) JTAG
8 1 (0.056%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.056%) PSD2
System Software
1 489 (27.47%) Docker
2 12 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 10 (0.56%) HDFS
4 7 (0.39%) Active Directory
5 6 (0.34%) OpenAM
6 4 (0.22%) Platform Symphony
7 3 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
8 2 (0.11%) OpenDJ
8 2 (0.11%) OpenIDM
8 2 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.11%) vSphere
9 1 (0.056%) KVM
9 1 (0.056%) NDS
9 1 (0.056%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 1 (0.056%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 424 (23.82%) Kubernetes
2 92 (5.17%) Terraform
3 73 (4.10%) Ansible
4 55 (3.09%) Grafana
5 40 (2.25%) Prometheus
6 28 (1.57%) Puppet
7 24 (1.35%) Kibana
8 12 (0.67%) Opscode Chef
9 9 (0.51%) CloudHub
10 7 (0.39%) Salt
11 6 (0.34%) logstash
11 6 (0.34%) Oozie
11 6 (0.34%) Rancher
12 4 (0.22%) HP ALM
12 4 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
12 4 (0.22%) Zipkin
13 3 (0.17%) Hadoop YARN
14 2 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
14 2 (0.11%) HP Fortify
14 2 (0.11%) vRealize
Vendors
1 248 (13.93%) Oracle
2 64 (3.60%) Google
3 62 (3.48%) MuleSoft
4 51 (2.87%) IBM
5 49 (2.75%) Splunk
6 43 (2.42%) Microsoft
7 40 (2.25%) Sybase
8 34 (1.91%) AppDynamics
9 32 (1.80%) Red Hat
10 23 (1.29%) Atlassian
11 21 (1.18%) Adobe
12 20 (1.12%) SAP
13 15 (0.84%) hybris
13 15 (0.84%) webMethods
14 14 (0.79%) BEA
14 14 (0.79%) CA Agile Central
15 13 (0.73%) CA
16 12 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
16 12 (0.67%) Sun
16 12 (0.67%) TIBCO