Period
to 18 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 18 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Software Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 56 75 86
Rank change year-on-year +19 +11 +3
Contract jobs citing Spring 3,724 2,906 2,564
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.71% 2.99% 2.39%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.65% 9.65% 8.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,681 2,063 1,757
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £338 £325 £313
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 9 30
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £50.00 £42.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% +18.34% +20.71%
10th Percentile £39.13 £30.22 £40.00
90th Percentile £49.38 £57.50 £57.05
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £50.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year -10.00% +19.05% +20.00%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,966 30,129 30,758
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.87% 31.01% 28.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,806 20,783 21,241
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £278
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £395 £375
% change year-on-year +1.27% +5.33% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 331 338 565
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £18.50 £15.00 £15.04
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.00 £55.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 3,331 £487 +8.10% 948
UK excluding London +17 1,865 £425 - 528
London +13 1,821 £525 +5.00% 490
South East +26 618 £475 +5.56% 148
North of England +13 435 £410 -3.53% 143
Scotland +45 267 £380 -0.33% 47
Yorkshire +7 246 £420 -6.67% 69
East of England -1 164 £435 +2.35% 53
Midlands +14 162 £400 -5.88% 44
North West +1 162 £400 -2.44% 67
South West -11 141 £413 +4.76% 67
West Midlands +2 85 £363 -14.71% 27
East Midlands +21 76 £438 +2.94% 17
Northern Ireland +20 62 £415 - 12
Wales -19 29 £438 +9.38% 14
North East +40 27 £425 -2.30% 7
Channel Islands +3 3 - -

For the 6 months to 18 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 3,663 (98.36%) Java
2 2,235 (60.02%) Agile Software Development
3 1,399 (37.57%) TDD
4 1,256 (33.73%) Hibernate
5 1,144 (30.72%) Spring Boot
6 1,094 (29.38%) JavaScript
7 1,041 (27.95%) Web Services
8 1,025 (27.52%) Microservices
9 1,010 (27.12%) REST
10 973 (26.13%) Git (software)
11 972 (26.10%) SQL
12 957 (25.70%) Maven
13 937 (25.16%) Jenkins
14 831 (22.31%) Scrum
15 813 (21.83%) Continuous Integration
16 802 (21.54%) RESTful
17 790 (21.21%) BDD
18 765 (20.54%) Finance
19 727 (19.52%) HTML
20 709 (19.04%) J2EE
20 709 (19.04%) JUnit
21 674 (18.10%) MVC
21 674 (18.10%) AngularJS
22 627 (16.84%) Linux
23 622 (16.70%) Oracle
24 592 (15.90%) Docker
25 581 (15.60%) Test Automation
26 578 (15.52%) JSON
27 566 (15.20%) CSS
28 553 (14.85%) XML

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 352 (9.45%) Tomcat
2 344 (9.24%) JBoss
3 265 (7.12%) Apache
4 239 (6.42%) Confluence
5 189 (5.08%) Elasticsearch
6 161 (4.32%) WebLogic
7 160 (4.30%) WebSphere
8 145 (3.89%) Apache Spark
9 127 (3.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 117 (3.14%) Apache Solr
11 111 (2.98%) Cloud Foundry
12 80 (2.15%) Jetty
13 71 (1.91%) Mule
14 46 (1.24%) WebSphere Application Server
15 43 (1.15%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 38 (1.02%) CMS
17 32 (0.86%) Mule ESB
18 29 (0.78%) Apache ServiceMix
19 26 (0.70%) GemFire
19 26 (0.70%) MQSeries
Applications
1 12 (0.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.081%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.054%) MS Visio
3 2 (0.054%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.054%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.027%) HipChat
4 1 (0.027%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 44 (1.18%) Payment Gateway
2 40 (1.07%) Oracle BPM
3 36 (0.97%) SAP Hybris
4 12 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 10 (0.27%) ION MarketView
6 8 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
7 4 (0.11%) Loan IQ
8 3 (0.081%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 3 (0.081%) LatentZero
8 3 (0.081%) thinkFolio
9 2 (0.054%) assyst
9 2 (0.054%) Dynamics CRM
9 2 (0.054%) Global One
9 2 (0.054%) Kondor
9 2 (0.054%) Oracle Cash Management
9 2 (0.054%) RMDS
10 1 (0.027%) AquaLogic BPM
10 1 (0.027%) Oracle SCM
10 1 (0.027%) SAP Business One
10 1 (0.027%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 499 (13.40%) Amazon AWS
2 167 (4.48%) GitHub
3 104 (2.79%) Microsoft Azure
4 86 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
5 74 (1.99%) PaaS
6 50 (1.34%) npm
7 48 (1.29%) Amazon S3
8 41 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
9 35 (0.94%) Cloud Computing
10 30 (0.81%) OpenShift
11 26 (0.70%) IaaS
12 23 (0.62%) Google Cloud Platform
13 21 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
13 21 (0.56%) Serverless
14 19 (0.51%) AWS CloudFormation
15 18 (0.48%) SaaS
16 17 (0.46%) Slack
17 11 (0.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 11 (0.30%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 11 (0.30%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 188 (5.05%) HTTP
2 83 (2.23%) Internet
3 68 (1.83%) TCP/IP
4 53 (1.42%) Kerberos
5 46 (1.24%) SSL
6 35 (0.94%) SMS
7 28 (0.75%) LDAP
8 27 (0.73%) Firewall
9 21 (0.56%) AMQP
10 16 (0.43%) FTP
11 11 (0.30%) BIG-IP
12 10 (0.27%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 10 (0.27%) Intranet
13 7 (0.19%) Network Security
14 6 (0.16%) DNS
14 6 (0.16%) SMTP
15 5 (0.13%) DSL
16 2 (0.054%) 3GPP
16 2 (0.054%) DHCP
16 2 (0.054%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 506 (13.59%) NoSQL
2 453 (12.16%) MongoDB
3 434 (11.65%) Relational Database
4 298 (8.00%) MySQL
5 255 (6.85%) Hadoop
6 252 (6.77%) PostgreSQL
7 230 (6.18%) RDBMS
8 214 (5.75%) SQL Server
9 203 (5.45%) Big Data
10 137 (3.68%) HBase
11 134 (3.60%) Apache Cassandra
12 127 (3.41%) DB2
13 115 (3.09%) Redis
14 109 (2.93%) Oracle Database
15 45 (1.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 41 (1.10%) Endeca
17 39 (1.05%) Apache Hive
18 37 (0.99%) Couchbase
19 32 (0.86%) Neo4j
20 31 (0.83%) DB2 UDB
Development Applications
1 973 (26.13%) Git (software)
2 957 (25.70%) Maven
3 937 (25.16%) Jenkins
4 709 (19.04%) JUnit
5 422 (11.33%) JIRA
6 333 (8.94%) Cucumber
7 320 (8.59%) Gradle
8 318 (8.54%) Mockito
9 251 (6.74%) Subversion
10 245 (6.58%) Selenium
11 241 (6.47%) Eclipse
12 194 (5.21%) IntelliJ
13 153 (4.11%) Ant
14 131 (3.52%) TeamCity
15 76 (2.04%) SonarQube
16 71 (1.91%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 71 (1.91%) Mercurial
17 70 (1.88%) GitLab
18 64 (1.72%) Bitbucket
19 62 (1.66%) Hudson
General
1 765 (20.54%) Finance
2 502 (13.48%) Banking
3 166 (4.46%) Investment Banking
4 114 (3.06%) Front Office
5 107 (2.87%) Retail
6 80 (2.15%) Games
7 43 (1.15%) Marketing
8 41 (1.10%) Telecoms
9 40 (1.07%) Publishing
10 29 (0.78%) Law
11 28 (0.75%) Manufacturing
12 27 (0.73%) Back Office
13 24 (0.64%) Retail Banking
14 14 (0.38%) Financial Institution
15 13 (0.35%) Electronics
16 11 (0.30%) Legal
17 7 (0.19%) French Language
18 6 (0.16%) Advertising
18 6 (0.16%) Wholesale Banking
19 5 (0.13%) German Language
Job Titles
1 3,089 (82.95%) Developer
2 2,641 (70.92%) Java Developer
3 519 (13.94%) Senior Developer
4 470 (12.62%) Senior Java Developer
5 212 (5.69%) Full Stack Developer
6 190 (5.10%) Agile Developer
6 190 (5.10%) Java Engineer
7 182 (4.89%) Agile Java Developer
7 182 (4.89%) Architect
8 125 (3.36%) JavaScript Developer
9 122 (3.28%) Angular Developer
10 121 (3.25%) Lead Developer
11 120 (3.22%) Software Engineer
12 110 (2.95%) Lead Java Developer
13 108 (2.90%) Scala Developer
14 92 (2.47%) AWS Developer
14 92 (2.47%) Java Software Engineer
15 82 (2.20%) J2EE Developer
15 82 (2.20%) Java/J2EE Developer
16 67 (1.80%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,256 (33.73%) Hibernate
2 1,144 (30.72%) Spring Boot
3 1,041 (27.95%) Web Services
4 1,010 (27.12%) REST
5 802 (21.54%) RESTful
6 727 (19.52%) HTML
7 709 (19.04%) J2EE
8 674 (18.10%) AngularJS
9 578 (15.52%) JSON
10 566 (15.20%) CSS
11 553 (14.85%) XML
12 495 (13.29%) SOAP
13 471 (12.65%) Spring MVC
14 414 (11.12%) HTML5
15 402 (10.79%) JMS
16 365 (9.80%) Node.js
17 324 (8.70%) Java EE
18 309 (8.30%) Kafka
19 291 (7.81%) jQuery
20 277 (7.44%) React
Miscellaneous
1 244 (6.55%) Greenfield Project
2 151 (4.05%) Computer Science
3 128 (3.44%) Analytical Skills
4 122 (3.28%) Virtual Team
5 117 (3.14%) Enterprise Software
6 116 (3.11%) User Experience
7 110 (2.95%) Algorithms
8 102 (2.74%) Data Structures
9 73 (1.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 71 (1.91%) Fintech
11 60 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
11 60 (1.61%) Mobile App
12 51 (1.37%) Equities
13 50 (1.34%) Derivative
14 40 (1.07%) iPad
15 39 (1.05%) Fixed Income
16 34 (0.91%) Digital Media
17 30 (0.81%) N-Tier
18 27 (0.73%) Replication
19 26 (0.70%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 627 (16.84%) Linux
2 427 (11.47%) Unix
3 73 (1.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 55 (1.48%) Windows
5 50 (1.34%) Android
6 44 (1.18%) Apple iOS
7 32 (0.86%) Mac OS X
8 28 (0.75%) Ubuntu
9 22 (0.59%) CentOS
9 22 (0.59%) Solaris
10 12 (0.32%) HPUX
11 8 (0.21%) CoreOS
12 6 (0.16%) VMS
13 4 (0.11%) Windows Server
14 3 (0.081%) Debian
15 1 (0.027%) AIX
15 1 (0.027%) Data ONTAP
15 1 (0.027%) Oracle Linux
15 1 (0.027%) Windows Server 2003
15 1 (0.027%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,235 (60.02%) Agile Software Development
2 1,399 (37.57%) TDD
3 1,025 (27.52%) Microservices
4 831 (22.31%) Scrum
5 813 (21.83%) Continuous Integration
6 790 (21.21%) BDD
7 674 (18.10%) MVC
8 581 (15.60%) Test Automation
9 502 (13.48%) OO
10 430 (11.55%) DevOps
11 420 (11.28%) Software Engineering
12 372 (9.99%) SOA
13 325 (8.73%) E-Commerce
14 323 (8.67%) Open Source
15 318 (8.54%) Kanban
16 291 (7.81%) Unit Testing
17 274 (7.36%) SDLC
18 244 (6.55%) Multithreading
19 201 (5.40%) Pair Programming
20 188 (5.05%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 3,663 (98.36%) Java
2 1,094 (29.38%) JavaScript
3 972 (26.10%) SQL
4 335 (9.00%) Scala
5 253 (6.79%) Python
6 147 (3.95%) Groovy
7 146 (3.92%) Ruby
8 102 (2.74%) PL/SQL
9 95 (2.55%) Shell Script
10 79 (2.12%) Bash Shell
11 78 (2.09%) C#
12 76 (2.04%) Perl
13 57 (1.53%) ES6
14 56 (1.50%) TypeScript
15 52 (1.40%) XPath
16 45 (1.21%) C++
17 35 (0.94%) Go
18 28 (0.75%) Kotlin
19 24 (0.64%) T-SQL
20 20 (0.54%) C
Qualifications
1 239 (6.42%) Degree
2 212 (5.69%) Security Cleared
3 160 (4.30%) SC Cleared
4 77 (2.07%) Computer Science Degree
5 20 (0.54%) DV Cleared
6 18 (0.48%) Master's Degree
7 14 (0.38%) DBS Check
8 12 (0.32%) BPSS Clearance
9 10 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
10 7 (0.19%) BC Cleared
10 7 (0.19%) ISTQB
11 6 (0.16%) ISEB
12 4 (0.11%) OCP
12 4 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
12 4 (0.11%) Sun Certification
13 3 (0.081%) PhD
14 2 (0.054%) ITIL Certification
15 1 (0.027%) HND
15 1 (0.027%) OCPJP
15 1 (0.027%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 177 (4.75%) QA
2 22 (0.59%) GDPR
3 18 (0.48%) GCP
3 18 (0.48%) PCI DSS
4 16 (0.43%) MiFID
5 10 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
6 7 (0.19%) HL7
7 6 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
8 5 (0.13%) EMIR
8 5 (0.13%) SLA
9 4 (0.11%) PMO
9 4 (0.11%) PSD2
10 1 (0.027%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.027%) SEPA
10 1 (0.027%) WAI
10 1 (0.027%) WCAG
System Software
1 592 (15.90%) Docker
2 97 (2.60%) HDFS
3 80 (2.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 25 (0.67%) Active Directory
5 19 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
6 17 (0.46%) vSphere
7 15 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.16%) OpenAM
9 5 (0.13%) OpenIDM
10 4 (0.11%) LXC
10 4 (0.11%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.054%) Firmware
11 2 (0.054%) Squid
12 1 (0.027%) KVM
12 1 (0.027%) OpenDJ
12 1 (0.027%) Varnish
12 1 (0.027%) vCloud
12 1 (0.027%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 241 (6.47%) Puppet
2 208 (5.59%) Ansible
3 179 (4.81%) Kubernetes
4 142 (3.81%) Opscode Chef
5 71 (1.91%) Terraform
6 55 (1.48%) Hadoop YARN
7 54 (1.45%) Kibana
8 42 (1.13%) Cobbler
8 42 (1.13%) Grafana
9 18 (0.48%) logstash
10 16 (0.43%) Consul
10 16 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
11 10 (0.27%) Rancher
12 9 (0.24%) Zipkin
13 8 (0.21%) Business Desktop Deployment
13 8 (0.21%) Packer
14 7 (0.19%) Mesos
15 6 (0.16%) Tivoli
16 5 (0.13%) Nagios
16 5 (0.13%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 622 (16.70%) Oracle
2 142 (3.81%) IBM
3 98 (2.63%) Google
4 86 (2.31%) hybris
5 74 (1.99%) Red Hat
6 61 (1.64%) MuleSoft
6 61 (1.64%) Sybase
7 60 (1.61%) SAP
8 58 (1.56%) TIBCO
9 56 (1.50%) Adobe
10 50 (1.34%) Splunk
11 48 (1.29%) Atlassian
12 46 (1.24%) Perforce
13 43 (1.15%) Microsoft
14 33 (0.89%) AppDynamics
14 33 (0.89%) Salesforce.com
15 28 (0.75%) New Relic
15 28 (0.75%) webMethods
16 27 (0.73%) Hortonworks
17 26 (0.70%) ATG