Period
to 29 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 29 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
29 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 77 63 62
Rank change year-on-year -14 -1 +10
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,765 3,637 3,648
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.80% 3.74% 3.59%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.33% 11.34% 11.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,254 2,569 2,654
Median daily rate £514 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.75% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £400 £375 £356
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +4.24%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 18 8
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -22.22% -18.18%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -18.60% -4.44% -18.18%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,920 32,059 32,715
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.00% 32.94% 32.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,845 22,622 23,117
Median daily rate £500 £485 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +9.83%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £435 £410
% change year-on-year +3.45% +6.10% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 249 301 333
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.50 £41.42
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.66% +0.21% +3.54%
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.50 £18.60
90th Percentile £69.50 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +1.19% +5.00%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 29 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 29 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 1,613 £520 +2.97% 582
London 0 959 £550 - 278
UK excluding London -43 774 £475 +5.56% 349
North of England -28 198 £475 +5.56% 87
South East -64 165 £475 - 95
South West 0 121 £500 +5.26% 50
Midlands -11 114 £450 - 38
Yorkshire -4 90 £488 +2.63% 31
West Midlands +6 89 £450 - 27
Scotland -53 79 £473 +10.53% 27
North West -48 61 £494 +9.72% 45
Work from Home -5 59 £550 +11.68% 36
East of England -22 52 £500 +5.26% 35
North East +19 47 £428 -5.00% 11
Wales +9 30 £505 +19.53% 15
East Midlands -12 25 £400 -8.57% 11
Northern Ireland -3 17 £425 +3.16% 3
Channel Islands -3 1 - -

For the 6 months to 29 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,682 (95.30%) Java
2 1,008 (57.11%) Agile Software Development
3 867 (49.12%) Spring Boot
4 813 (46.06%) Microservices
5 580 (32.86%) Java 8
6 562 (31.84%) TDD
7 477 (27.03%) Git (software)
8 460 (26.06%) Jenkins
9 459 (26.01%) AWS
10 456 (25.84%) Maven
11 432 (24.48%) Docker
12 431 (24.42%) REST
13 401 (22.72%) JavaScript
14 391 (22.15%) SQL
14 391 (22.15%) RESTful
15 381 (21.59%) JUnit
16 375 (21.25%) AngularJS
17 372 (21.08%) Scrum
18 370 (20.96%) Web Services
19 305 (17.28%) Kubernetes
20 303 (17.17%) Hibernate
21 302 (17.11%) DevOps
22 298 (16.88%) Continuous Integration
23 286 (16.20%) Finance
24 281 (15.92%) Test Automation
25 274 (15.52%) HTML
26 260 (14.73%) CSS
27 257 (14.56%) Oracle
28 253 (14.33%) Security Cleared
29 252 (14.28%) BDD

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (6.35%) Confluence
2 104 (5.89%) Tomcat
3 93 (5.27%) Elasticsearch
4 90 (5.10%) WebLogic
5 79 (4.48%) Apache
6 52 (2.95%) Apache Spark
7 46 (2.61%) JBoss
7 46 (2.61%) WebSphere
8 40 (2.27%) Cloud Foundry
9 24 (1.36%) Camunda
10 19 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 11 (0.62%) Red Hat Fuse
12 10 (0.57%) CMS
12 10 (0.57%) Mule
12 10 (0.57%) SAS
13 8 (0.45%) Jetty
13 8 (0.45%) WildFly
14 6 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 5 (0.28%) OpenStack
15 5 (0.28%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 10 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.45%) Windchill
3 4 (0.23%) GIMP
3 4 (0.23%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.057%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.057%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.057%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 9 (0.51%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 8 (0.45%) Oracle AML
3 6 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
3 6 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 1 (0.057%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.057%) ENOVIA
Cloud Services
1 459 (26.01%) AWS
2 180 (10.20%) Azure
3 103 (5.84%) GCP
4 92 (5.21%) GitHub
5 74 (4.19%) Amazon EC2
6 56 (3.17%) Amazon SQS
7 44 (2.49%) OpenShift
8 41 (2.32%) Serverless
9 30 (1.70%) AWS Lambda
10 26 (1.47%) Amazon S3
11 19 (1.08%) SaaS
12 16 (0.91%) PaaS
13 13 (0.74%) npm
14 12 (0.68%) Amazon EKS
15 11 (0.62%) Amazon Kinesis
16 8 (0.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 7 (0.40%) CloudFront
17 7 (0.40%) Google Compute Engine
17 7 (0.40%) Slack
18 6 (0.34%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 80 (4.53%) HTTP
2 34 (1.93%) TCP/IP
3 24 (1.36%) Internet
4 23 (1.30%) SSL
5 18 (1.02%) FTP
6 12 (0.68%) DNS
6 12 (0.68%) HTTPS
7 7 (0.40%) RTMP
7 7 (0.40%) SSH
8 6 (0.34%) Kerberos
9 3 (0.17%) DHCP
9 3 (0.17%) Firewall
9 3 (0.17%) Remote Desktop
9 3 (0.17%) SMTP
9 3 (0.17%) X.509
10 2 (0.11%) DSL
10 2 (0.11%) Network Security
11 1 (0.057%) LAN
11 1 (0.057%) WAN
11 1 (0.057%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 171 (9.69%) NoSQL
2 158 (8.95%) Relational Database
3 148 (8.39%) PostgreSQL
4 146 (8.27%) MySQL
5 120 (6.80%) MongoDB
6 103 (5.84%) SQL Server
7 76 (4.31%) Oracle Database
8 66 (3.74%) Amazon RDS
9 48 (2.72%) Big Data
10 43 (2.44%) Apache Cassandra
11 40 (2.27%) Hadoop
12 32 (1.81%) RDBMS
13 20 (1.13%) Flink
13 20 (1.13%) Oracle Database 12c
14 19 (1.08%) Redis
15 17 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 15 (0.85%) DB2
17 11 (0.62%) Oracle Database 10g
18 10 (0.57%) Apache Hive
18 10 (0.57%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 477 (27.03%) Git (software)
2 460 (26.06%) Jenkins
3 456 (25.84%) Maven
4 381 (21.59%) JUnit
5 210 (11.90%) Mockito
6 185 (10.48%) Gradle
6 185 (10.48%) JIRA
7 158 (8.95%) Cucumber
8 102 (5.78%) SonarQube
9 81 (4.59%) Selenium
10 77 (4.36%) Subversion
11 74 (4.19%) GitLab
12 71 (4.02%) Eclipse
13 58 (3.29%) Bitbucket
13 58 (3.29%) jMock
14 56 (3.17%) Ant
15 54 (3.06%) DbUnit
16 44 (2.49%) IntelliJ
17 39 (2.21%) Spock
18 37 (2.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 286 (16.20%) Finance
2 175 (9.92%) Banking
3 168 (9.52%) Public Sector
4 80 (4.53%) Investment Banking
5 50 (2.83%) Front Office
6 49 (2.78%) Retail
7 34 (1.93%) Marketing
8 25 (1.42%) Games
9 21 (1.19%) Manufacturing
10 20 (1.13%) Telecoms
11 19 (1.08%) Back Office
12 18 (1.02%) Financial Institution
13 17 (0.96%) Automotive
14 12 (0.68%) Electronics
15 10 (0.57%) Retail Banking
16 8 (0.45%) Aerospace
17 6 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
18 5 (0.28%) Legal
19 3 (0.17%) Police
19 3 (0.17%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,407 (79.72%) Developer
2 1,165 (66.01%) Java Developer
3 180 (10.20%) Senior Developer
4 165 (9.35%) Full Stack Developer
5 158 (8.95%) Senior Java Developer
6 100 (5.67%) Java Engineer
7 98 (5.55%) AWS Developer
8 92 (5.21%) SC Cleared Java Developer
9 86 (4.87%) Software Engineer
10 70 (3.97%) Backend Developer
11 65 (3.68%) Agile Developer
12 63 (3.57%) Agile Java Developer
13 57 (3.23%) React Developer
14 54 (3.06%) Architect
15 49 (2.78%) Angular Developer
16 45 (2.55%) Java Software Engineer
17 37 (2.10%) Software Developer
18 33 (1.87%) DevOps Engineer
19 31 (1.76%) Java Developer - Fintech
19 31 (1.76%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 867 (49.12%) Spring Boot
2 431 (24.42%) REST
3 391 (22.15%) RESTful
4 375 (21.25%) AngularJS
5 370 (20.96%) Web Services
6 303 (17.17%) Hibernate
7 274 (15.52%) HTML
8 260 (14.73%) CSS
9 235 (13.31%) React
10 226 (12.80%) Kafka
11 208 (11.78%) SOAP
12 175 (9.92%) JSON
13 170 (9.63%) J2EE
14 163 (9.24%) Node.js
15 142 (8.05%) XML
16 127 (7.20%) JPA
17 124 (7.03%) Spring Cloud
18 117 (6.63%) HTML5
19 110 (6.23%) RabbitMQ
20 105 (5.95%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 123 (6.97%) Greenfield Project
2 73 (4.14%) User Experience
3 68 (3.85%) Enterprise Software
4 62 (3.51%) Mobile App
5 55 (3.12%) Analytical Skills
6 48 (2.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 37 (2.10%) Cloud Native
8 35 (1.98%) Virtual Team
9 27 (1.53%) Linux Command Line
10 25 (1.42%) Data Structures
11 22 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
11 22 (1.25%) Semantic Web
12 21 (1.19%) Algorithms
13 20 (1.13%) Fixed Income
13 20 (1.13%) Public Cloud
14 18 (1.02%) Mobile Payment
15 15 (0.85%) Derivative
15 15 (0.85%) NHS
16 14 (0.79%) Credit Risk
17 11 (0.62%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 220 (12.46%) Linux
2 136 (7.71%) Unix
3 43 (2.44%) Windows
4 36 (2.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 26 (1.47%) Ubuntu
6 21 (1.19%) Android
7 18 (1.02%) CentOS
7 18 (1.02%) Debian
8 17 (0.96%) Apple iOS
9 10 (0.57%) Solaris
10 9 (0.51%) Oracle Linux
11 6 (0.34%) Mac OS
12 5 (0.28%) Windows Server
13 4 (0.23%) Amazon Linux
13 4 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.17%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
15 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
16 1 (0.057%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,008 (57.11%) Agile Software Development
2 813 (46.06%) Microservices
3 562 (31.84%) TDD
4 372 (21.08%) Scrum
5 302 (17.11%) DevOps
6 298 (16.88%) Continuous Integration
7 281 (15.92%) Test Automation
8 252 (14.28%) BDD
9 230 (13.03%) Software Engineering
10 196 (11.10%) Open Source
11 156 (8.84%) MVC
12 147 (8.33%) Kanban
13 142 (8.05%) Pair Programming
14 129 (7.31%) OO
15 121 (6.86%) Unit Testing
16 119 (6.74%) SDLC
17 106 (6.01%) Problem-Solving
18 97 (5.50%) Multithreading
19 92 (5.21%) Migration
20 86 (4.87%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 1,682 (95.30%) Java
2 580 (32.86%) Java 8
3 401 (22.72%) JavaScript
4 391 (22.15%) SQL
5 163 (9.24%) Python
6 78 (4.42%) Scala
7 76 (4.31%) Kotlin
8 73 (4.14%) TypeScript
9 69 (3.91%) ES6
10 66 (3.74%) PL/SQL
11 52 (2.95%) Bash Shell
12 50 (2.83%) C#
13 44 (2.49%) Groovy
13 44 (2.49%) Shell Script
14 42 (2.38%) Ruby
15 36 (2.04%) C++
16 21 (1.19%) R
17 18 (1.02%) Perl
18 12 (0.68%) Go
19 10 (0.57%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 253 (14.33%) Security Cleared
2 216 (12.24%) SC Cleared
3 82 (4.65%) Degree
4 33 (1.87%) Computer Science Degree
5 24 (1.36%) DV Cleared
6 17 (0.96%) BPSS Clearance
7 11 (0.62%) DBS Check
8 10 (0.57%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.51%) ISEB
9 9 (0.51%) ISTQB
9 9 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 8 (0.45%) Sun Certification
11 7 (0.40%) AWS Certification
12 6 (0.34%) SANS
13 5 (0.28%) OCPJP
14 4 (0.23%) OCP
14 4 (0.23%) Oracle Certification
15 3 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
15 3 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
16 2 (0.11%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (2.32%) QA
2 10 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 6 (0.34%) GDPR
4 3 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
4 3 (0.17%) SEPA
5 2 (0.11%) SLA
5 2 (0.11%) WCAG
6 1 (0.057%) HL7
6 1 (0.057%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.057%) ISO 8583
6 1 (0.057%) PMO
System Software
1 432 (24.48%) Docker
2 43 (2.44%) Postfix
3 11 (0.62%) HDFS
4 10 (0.57%) Oracle RAC
5 6 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.34%) vSphere
6 5 (0.28%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.28%) GridGain
7 4 (0.23%) OpenAM
7 4 (0.23%) OpenDJ
8 3 (0.17%) NFS
9 2 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.057%) Apache Flume
10 1 (0.057%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 305 (17.28%) Kubernetes
2 79 (4.48%) Terraform
3 57 (3.23%) Ansible
4 30 (1.70%) Puppet
5 20 (1.13%) Kibana
6 15 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
7 12 (0.68%) Oracle RMAN
8 10 (0.57%) Data Guard
9 9 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.40%) Grafana
10 7 (0.40%) logstash
11 6 (0.34%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
12 5 (0.28%) Consul
12 5 (0.28%) Tivoli
12 5 (0.28%) Tivoli Storage Manager
13 4 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
13 4 (0.23%) Prometheus
13 4 (0.23%) Rundeck
13 4 (0.23%) Salt
14 2 (0.11%) Packer
Vendors
1 257 (14.56%) Oracle
2 97 (5.50%) Google
3 49 (2.78%) Microsoft
4 39 (2.21%) IBM
4 39 (2.21%) SAP
5 32 (1.81%) Red Hat
6 23 (1.30%) hybris
7 18 (1.02%) Adobe
8 17 (0.96%) Atlassian
9 14 (0.79%) Splunk
10 12 (0.68%) BEA
10 12 (0.68%) Talend
11 10 (0.57%) AppDynamics
11 10 (0.57%) MuleSoft
11 10 (0.57%) WSO2
12 9 (0.51%) Charles River
12 9 (0.51%) Cloudera
12 9 (0.51%) Gigya
12 9 (0.51%) VMware
12 9 (0.51%) webMethods