Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 66 61 62
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 +9
Contract jobs citing Spring 3,128 3,715 3,145
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.43% 3.68% 3.42%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.61% 10.99% 10.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,160 2,685 2,218
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £381 £363 £325
90th Percentile £650 £625 £606
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 13 14
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £45.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.11% -14.29% -7.89%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.05 £40.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £63.00 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year +22.22% -14.29% -7.89%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,490 33,804 29,468
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.35% 33.44% 32.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,629 23,757 20,403
UK median daily rate £489 £470 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.04% +5.62% +4.71%
10th Percentile £331 £315 £303
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +7.23% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 324 346 380
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.88 £41.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.47% +1.84% +9.67%
10th Percentile £18.24 £15.00 £15.93
90th Percentile £60.00 £62.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% -2.44% +9.33%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 2,803 £500 - 413
UK excluding London -5 1,636 £450 +2.86% 239
London -3 1,452 £550 +4.76% 203
South East -6 469 £450 -6.25% 68
North of England -8 378 £450 +5.88% 66
Scotland +6 221 £450 +12.50% 11
Yorkshire -8 181 £468 +10.00% 24
Midlands +6 170 £450 +5.88% 29
North West -12 165 £450 +5.88% 31
South West +21 164 £475 +11.76% 22
East of England +20 163 £475 +3.26% 25
West Midlands +19 118 £438 +2.94% 20
East Midlands -14 52 £450 - 9
North East +9 32 £450 +11.52% 11
Northern Ireland -4 32 £456 -0.82% 9
Wales +10 30 £415 +18.57% 9
Channel Islands - 12 £469 -

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 2,965 (94.79%) Java
2 1,834 (58.63%) Agile Software Development
3 1,295 (41.40%) Spring Boot
4 1,213 (38.78%) Microservices
5 1,139 (36.41%) Java 8
6 1,065 (34.05%) TDD
7 931 (29.76%) JavaScript
8 897 (28.68%) Git (software)
9 811 (25.93%) Jenkins
10 766 (24.49%) REST
11 713 (22.79%) Scrum
12 702 (22.44%) Amazon AWS
13 697 (22.28%) SQL
14 689 (22.03%) Docker
15 677 (21.64%) Maven
16 672 (21.48%) Hibernate
17 630 (20.14%) HTML
18 629 (20.11%) JUnit
19 623 (19.92%) Web Services
20 611 (19.53%) DevOps
21 602 (19.25%) RESTful
22 576 (18.41%) BDD
23 559 (17.87%) AngularJS
24 543 (17.36%) CSS
25 499 (15.95%) Linux
26 484 (15.47%) Continuous Integration
27 480 (15.35%) Finance
28 462 (14.77%) Oracle
29 423 (13.52%) JSON
30 421 (13.46%) Test Automation

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 223 (7.13%) Confluence
2 165 (5.27%) Apache
3 163 (5.21%) Tomcat
4 157 (5.02%) JBoss
5 124 (3.96%) WebSphere
6 120 (3.84%) Elasticsearch
7 110 (3.52%) Apache Spark
8 70 (2.24%) WebLogic
9 54 (1.73%) Apache Solr
10 49 (1.57%) Mule
11 45 (1.44%) Cloud Foundry
12 37 (1.18%) Jetty
13 34 (1.09%) CMS
13 34 (1.09%) WebSphere Application Server
14 30 (0.96%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 21 (0.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 20 (0.64%) Magnolia
16 20 (0.64%) nginx
17 18 (0.58%) SharePoint
18 17 (0.54%) Alfresco
Applications
1 3 (0.096%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.064%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.064%) Photoshop
2 2 (0.064%) Spreadsheet
3 1 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.032%) Adobe Premiere
3 1 (0.032%) GIMP
3 1 (0.032%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.032%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.032%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.032%) OmniGraffle
3 1 (0.032%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 23 (0.74%) SAP Hybris
2 13 (0.42%) SAP ERP
3 10 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 8 (0.26%) Oracle EBS
5 6 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
5 6 (0.19%) Fredhopper
5 6 (0.19%) Magento
6 5 (0.16%) Distributed Ledger
6 5 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
7 4 (0.13%) Oracle 11i
7 4 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
8 3 (0.096%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.096%) Infor M3
8 3 (0.096%) Oracle Retail
8 3 (0.096%) Quorum
8 3 (0.096%) R3 Corda
8 3 (0.096%) Ripple XRP
8 3 (0.096%) Workday HCM
9 2 (0.064%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 702 (22.44%) Amazon AWS
2 267 (8.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 159 (5.08%) GitHub
4 94 (3.01%) Amazon EC2
5 82 (2.62%) Google Cloud Platform
6 81 (2.59%) Serverless
7 74 (2.37%) Amazon SQS
8 67 (2.14%) AWS Lambda
9 58 (1.85%) OpenShift
10 46 (1.47%) Slack
11 38 (1.21%) Apigee
12 37 (1.18%) SaaS
13 36 (1.15%) Amazon S3
14 31 (0.99%) PaaS
15 26 (0.83%) AWS CloudFormation
16 24 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
17 22 (0.70%) Amazon ECS
17 22 (0.70%) npm
18 19 (0.61%) IaaS
19 18 (0.58%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 137 (4.38%) HTTP
2 57 (1.82%) TCP/IP
3 49 (1.57%) Internet
4 45 (1.44%) FTP
5 41 (1.31%) SSL
6 22 (0.70%) DNS
7 18 (0.58%) Kerberos
8 12 (0.38%) Skype
9 11 (0.35%) AMQP
10 8 (0.26%) Firewall
11 5 (0.16%) MPLS
12 4 (0.13%) HTTPS
12 4 (0.13%) Intranet
12 4 (0.13%) PuTTY
12 4 (0.13%) SAN
12 4 (0.13%) SNMP
12 4 (0.13%) VPN
12 4 (0.13%) WebEx
13 3 (0.096%) BGP
13 3 (0.096%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 384 (12.28%) NoSQL
2 289 (9.24%) MongoDB
3 264 (8.44%) Relational Database
4 246 (7.86%) MySQL
4 246 (7.86%) PostgreSQL
5 178 (5.69%) SQL Server
6 131 (4.19%) Big Data
7 130 (4.16%) Apache Cassandra
8 124 (3.96%) Hadoop
9 112 (3.58%) Oracle Database
10 95 (3.04%) RDBMS
11 64 (2.05%) Redis
12 60 (1.92%) DB2
13 58 (1.85%) HBase
14 47 (1.50%) Amazon RDS
15 45 (1.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 35 (1.12%) Parquet
17 27 (0.86%) Apache Hive
18 22 (0.70%) MariaDB
19 17 (0.54%) Impala
Development Applications
1 897 (28.68%) Git (software)
2 811 (25.93%) Jenkins
3 677 (21.64%) Maven
4 629 (20.11%) JUnit
5 385 (12.31%) JIRA
6 264 (8.44%) Mockito
7 238 (7.61%) Cucumber
8 189 (6.04%) Selenium
9 162 (5.18%) Gradle
10 149 (4.76%) SonarQube
11 148 (4.73%) Subversion
12 138 (4.41%) Eclipse
13 112 (3.58%) GitLab
14 105 (3.36%) Sonatype Nexus
15 104 (3.32%) IntelliJ
16 81 (2.59%) Bitbucket
17 80 (2.56%) jMock
18 72 (2.30%) Ant
19 71 (2.27%) SoapUI
20 65 (2.08%) DbUnit
General
1 480 (15.35%) Finance
2 402 (12.85%) Banking
3 97 (3.10%) Retail
4 94 (3.01%) Investment Banking
5 75 (2.40%) Front Office
6 32 (1.02%) Marketing
7 29 (0.93%) Financial Institution
8 28 (0.90%) Back Office
8 28 (0.90%) Games
8 28 (0.90%) Telecoms
9 27 (0.86%) Legal
10 19 (0.61%) Retail Banking
11 14 (0.45%) Manufacturing
12 11 (0.35%) Publishing
13 8 (0.26%) Automotive
13 8 (0.26%) Electronics
14 6 (0.19%) Billing
14 6 (0.19%) Law
14 6 (0.19%) Online Betting
15 5 (0.16%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 2,507 (80.15%) Developer
2 1,983 (63.40%) Java Developer
3 355 (11.35%) Senior Developer
4 300 (9.59%) Senior Java Developer
5 280 (8.95%) Full Stack Developer
6 144 (4.60%) Java Engineer
7 131 (4.19%) Architect
8 110 (3.52%) Backend Developer
9 102 (3.26%) Lead Developer
10 100 (3.20%) React Developer
11 93 (2.97%) AWS Developer
12 91 (2.91%) Agile Developer
13 88 (2.81%) Software Engineer
14 87 (2.78%) Lead Java Developer
15 84 (2.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 81 (2.59%) Java Developer - Fintech
17 71 (2.27%) Agile Java Developer
18 58 (1.85%) Scala Developer
19 56 (1.79%) Angular Developer
20 53 (1.69%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,295 (41.40%) Spring Boot
2 766 (24.49%) REST
3 672 (21.48%) Hibernate
4 630 (20.14%) HTML
5 623 (19.92%) Web Services
6 602 (19.25%) RESTful
7 559 (17.87%) AngularJS
8 543 (17.36%) CSS
9 423 (13.52%) JSON
10 413 (13.20%) React
11 407 (13.01%) Node.js
12 400 (12.79%) SOAP
13 374 (11.96%) J2EE
14 367 (11.73%) Kafka
15 342 (10.93%) XML
16 325 (10.39%) HTML5
17 215 (6.87%) Apache Camel
18 201 (6.43%) Spring MVC
19 197 (6.30%) Java EE
20 190 (6.07%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 233 (7.45%) Greenfield Project
2 152 (4.86%) User Experience
3 130 (4.16%) Analytical Skills
4 95 (3.04%) Enterprise Software
5 67 (2.14%) Mobile App
6 64 (2.05%) Data Structures
7 62 (1.98%) Algorithms
8 55 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
9 43 (1.37%) Cloud Native
10 39 (1.25%) Virtual Team
11 38 (1.21%) Linux Command Line
12 33 (1.05%) Public Cloud
13 28 (0.90%) Derivative
14 25 (0.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 24 (0.77%) Client/Server
16 22 (0.70%) Fixed Income
17 18 (0.58%) Mobile Banking
18 16 (0.51%) Data Protection Act
19 14 (0.45%) Equities
19 14 (0.45%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 499 (15.95%) Linux
2 306 (9.78%) Unix
3 103 (3.29%) Windows
4 63 (2.01%) CentOS
5 57 (1.82%) Apple iOS
6 55 (1.76%) Android
7 33 (1.05%) Ubuntu
8 17 (0.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 16 (0.51%) Windows Server
10 13 (0.42%) VMS
11 11 (0.35%) Mac OS
12 7 (0.22%) Debian
13 6 (0.19%) Mac OS X
14 5 (0.16%) OpenVMS
15 3 (0.096%) AIX
16 2 (0.064%) Solaris
17 1 (0.032%) Amazon Linux
17 1 (0.032%) HPUX
17 1 (0.032%) Kali Linux
17 1 (0.032%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,834 (58.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,213 (38.78%) Microservices
3 1,065 (34.05%) TDD
4 713 (22.79%) Scrum
5 611 (19.53%) DevOps
6 576 (18.41%) BDD
7 484 (15.47%) Continuous Integration
8 421 (13.46%) Test Automation
9 332 (10.61%) MVC
10 306 (9.78%) Software Engineering
11 304 (9.72%) Kanban
11 304 (9.72%) OO
12 279 (8.92%) Open Source
13 244 (7.80%) Problem-Solving
14 206 (6.59%) Unit Testing
15 200 (6.39%) Pair Programming
16 199 (6.36%) E-Commerce
17 149 (4.76%) SOA
18 141 (4.51%) Fintech
19 134 (4.28%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,965 (94.79%) Java
2 1,139 (36.41%) Java 8
3 931 (29.76%) JavaScript
4 697 (22.28%) SQL
5 202 (6.46%) Scala
6 196 (6.27%) Python
7 153 (4.89%) ES6
8 119 (3.80%) TypeScript
9 104 (3.32%) Shell Script
10 96 (3.07%) C#
11 95 (3.04%) Ruby
12 80 (2.56%) PL/SQL
13 76 (2.43%) Groovy
14 63 (2.01%) Bash Shell
15 54 (1.73%) PHP
16 53 (1.69%) Kotlin
17 48 (1.53%) Perl
18 39 (1.25%) C++
19 38 (1.21%) C
20 35 (1.12%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 237 (7.58%) Security Cleared
2 184 (5.88%) SC Cleared
3 150 (4.80%) Degree
4 50 (1.60%) BPSS Clearance
5 49 (1.57%) Computer Science Degree
6 30 (0.96%) Sun Certification
7 29 (0.93%) DV Cleared
8 24 (0.77%) OCPJP
9 21 (0.67%) ISEB
9 21 (0.67%) ISTQB
10 13 (0.42%) DBS Check
11 10 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 10 (0.32%) Master's Degree
12 6 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
13 3 (0.096%) AWS Certification
13 3 (0.096%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.096%) Numerate Degree
13 3 (0.096%) OSCP
13 3 (0.096%) SANS
14 2 (0.064%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 100 (3.20%) QA
2 16 (0.51%) GDPR
3 10 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.22%) MiFID
5 6 (0.19%) Data Quality
5 6 (0.19%) PCI DSS
6 4 (0.13%) EMIR
6 4 (0.13%) GxP
6 4 (0.13%) PMO
6 4 (0.13%) SLA
7 2 (0.064%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 2 (0.064%) PSD2
7 2 (0.064%) SEPA
8 1 (0.032%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.032%) Dublin Core
8 1 (0.032%) HL7
8 1 (0.032%) OASIS TOSCA
8 1 (0.032%) WAI
System Software
1 689 (22.03%) Docker
2 41 (1.31%) HDFS
3 35 (1.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 28 (0.90%) vSphere
5 27 (0.86%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 17 (0.54%) Postfix
7 13 (0.42%) Active Directory
8 8 (0.26%) OpenAM
8 8 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
9 4 (0.13%) vCloud
9 4 (0.13%) VirtualBox
10 3 (0.096%) OpenDJ
10 3 (0.096%) Shibboleth
10 3 (0.096%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.096%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.064%) VMware Server
12 1 (0.032%) Apache Flume
12 1 (0.032%) etcd
12 1 (0.032%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 325 (10.39%) Kubernetes
2 166 (5.31%) Ansible
3 139 (4.44%) Terraform
4 88 (2.81%) Puppet
5 55 (1.76%) Opscode Chef
6 46 (1.47%) Kibana
7 32 (1.02%) Hadoop YARN
8 24 (0.77%) Grafana
8 24 (0.77%) logstash
9 16 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
10 12 (0.38%) Prometheus
10 12 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
11 10 (0.32%) Cobbler
11 10 (0.32%) linkerd
11 10 (0.32%) Marathon
11 10 (0.32%) Mesos
12 9 (0.29%) Rancher
12 9 (0.29%) Rundeck
13 8 (0.26%) Consul
13 8 (0.26%) Control-M
Vendors
1 462 (14.77%) Oracle
2 141 (4.51%) Google
3 101 (3.23%) Microsoft
4 79 (2.53%) IBM
5 70 (2.24%) Red Hat
6 68 (2.17%) Splunk
7 67 (2.14%) MuleSoft
8 63 (2.01%) hybris
9 49 (1.57%) SAP
10 44 (1.41%) Atlassian
10 44 (1.41%) VMware
11 39 (1.25%) Adobe
12 36 (1.15%) AppDynamics
13 33 (1.05%) WSO2
14 32 (1.02%) Sybase
15 31 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
16 24 (0.77%) Sun
17 19 (0.61%) Cloudera
18 18 (0.58%) webMethods
19 13 (0.42%) Zend