Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 74 69 64
Rank change year-on-year -5 -5 -2
Contract jobs citing Spring 1,231 3,164 3,859
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.98% 3.37% 3.71%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 9.69% 10.44% 11.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 866 2,243 2,842
Median daily rate £513 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +8.33%
10th Percentile £400 £388 £363
90th Percentile £668 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £480 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +6.67% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 20 17
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -22.22% +5.88%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £49.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year -29.65% +10.56% -14.29%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,704 30,296 35,037
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.79% 32.27% 33.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,527 21,200 24,578
Median daily rate £500 £490 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +4.26% +4.44%
10th Percentile £330 £334 £314
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £440 £415
% change year-on-year +2.27% +6.02% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 191 324 368
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +1.95% +2.93%
10th Percentile £22.50 £18.50 £14.94
90th Percentile £63.00 £60.00 £59.13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -2.44%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Spring.

Hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 1,140 £520 +4.00% 249
London +11 711 £550 - 114
UK excluding London -39 481 £480 +6.67% 154
North of England -25 108 £469 +4.17% 53
East of England +21 96 £513 +7.89% 8
South East -49 91 £475 +2.70% 46
South West +21 85 £500 +5.26% 17
Work from Home -8 73 £500 - 39
Yorkshire -16 44 £475 +1.33% 17
Midlands -16 40 £413 -8.33% 12
North West -32 39 £460 +2.22% 26
West Midlands -7 31 £413 -7.04% 7
Scotland -55 31 £450 - 8
Wales +30 27 £463 +11.45% 6
North East +26 25 £450 -2.70% 10
East Midlands +15 9 £450 - 5
Northern Ireland -5 6 £451 -1.15% 5

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 1,198 (97.32%) Java
2 692 (56.21%) Agile Software Development
3 682 (55.40%) Spring Boot
4 638 (51.83%) Microservices
5 411 (33.39%) Java 8
6 399 (32.41%) AWS
7 346 (28.11%) TDD
8 313 (25.43%) Docker
9 296 (24.05%) Maven
10 292 (23.72%) SQL
11 290 (23.56%) Jenkins
12 282 (22.91%) Git (software)
13 278 (22.58%) REST
14 266 (21.61%) Finance
15 242 (19.66%) Web Services
16 236 (19.17%) DevOps
17 233 (18.93%) Kubernetes
18 227 (18.44%) JavaScript
19 223 (18.12%) Scrum
19 223 (18.12%) RESTful
20 210 (17.06%) JUnit
21 209 (16.98%) AngularJS
22 200 (16.25%) Security Cleared
23 191 (15.52%) Test Automation
24 187 (15.19%) Continuous Integration
25 182 (14.78%) Software Engineering
26 181 (14.70%) Oracle
27 179 (14.54%) Hibernate
28 173 (14.05%) Banking
29 168 (13.65%) Azure

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 104 (8.45%) Confluence
2 94 (7.64%) Elasticsearch
3 75 (6.09%) Tomcat
4 61 (4.96%) WebLogic
5 57 (4.63%) Apache Spark
6 47 (3.82%) Apache
7 41 (3.33%) WebSphere
8 36 (2.92%) Mule
9 35 (2.84%) Cloud Foundry
10 31 (2.52%) JBoss
11 22 (1.79%) Red Hat Fuse
12 18 (1.46%) Apache Solr
13 16 (1.30%) Camunda
14 15 (1.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 11 (0.89%) SAS
16 9 (0.73%) CMS
16 9 (0.73%) Oracle Service Bus
17 8 (0.65%) Anypoint
18 6 (0.49%) GlassFish
18 6 (0.49%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 7 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.081%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.41%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.081%) Adobe Campaign
4 1 (0.081%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.081%) Oracle Payables
4 1 (0.081%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.081%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 399 (32.41%) AWS
2 168 (13.65%) Azure
3 114 (9.26%) GCP
4 64 (5.20%) GitHub
5 44 (3.57%) OpenShift
6 35 (2.84%) Amazon EC2
7 23 (1.87%) Serverless
8 19 (1.54%) Amazon S3
9 17 (1.38%) AWS Lambda
10 16 (1.30%) Amazon ECS
10 16 (1.30%) SaaS
11 14 (1.14%) Slack
12 12 (0.97%) Amazon SQS
12 12 (0.97%) npm
13 11 (0.89%) AWS Fargate
13 11 (0.89%) PaaS
14 10 (0.81%) Amazon Kinesis
15 7 (0.57%) IaaS
16 6 (0.49%) Apigee
16 6 (0.49%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 50 (4.06%) SSL
2 46 (3.74%) HTTP
3 38 (3.09%) HTTPS
4 22 (1.79%) TCP/IP
5 17 (1.38%) FTP
6 15 (1.22%) DNS
7 10 (0.81%) Firewall
8 9 (0.73%) Reverse Proxy
9 7 (0.57%) RTMP
10 5 (0.41%) X.509
11 4 (0.32%) Internet
12 3 (0.24%) SSH
13 2 (0.16%) Network Security
13 2 (0.16%) Skype
14 1 (0.081%) DSL
14 1 (0.081%) Intranet
14 1 (0.081%) Kerberos
14 1 (0.081%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 125 (10.15%) MySQL
1 125 (10.15%) NoSQL
2 115 (9.34%) Relational Database
3 88 (7.15%) SQL Server
4 80 (6.50%) MongoDB
5 74 (6.01%) PostgreSQL
6 61 (4.96%) Oracle Database
7 31 (2.52%) Big Data
8 29 (2.36%) RDBMS
9 28 (2.27%) Apache Cassandra
10 24 (1.95%) Amazon RDS
10 24 (1.95%) Hadoop
11 19 (1.54%) Redis
12 18 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 15 (1.22%) Oracle Database 12c
14 12 (0.97%) Amazon Aurora
15 10 (0.81%) Hazelcast
16 9 (0.73%) Flink
17 8 (0.65%) DB2
17 8 (0.65%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 296 (24.05%) Maven
2 290 (23.56%) Jenkins
3 282 (22.91%) Git (software)
4 210 (17.06%) JUnit
5 142 (11.54%) JIRA
6 136 (11.05%) Gradle
7 113 (9.18%) Cucumber
8 108 (8.77%) Mockito
9 68 (5.52%) GitLab
10 54 (4.39%) Selenium
11 52 (4.22%) Subversion
12 49 (3.98%) SonarQube
13 37 (3.01%) Ant
13 37 (3.01%) Bitbucket
14 36 (2.92%) SoapUI
15 32 (2.60%) Eclipse
16 30 (2.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 27 (2.19%) Sonatype Nexus
18 22 (1.79%) JMeter
19 21 (1.71%) IntelliJ
General
1 266 (21.61%) Finance
2 173 (14.05%) Banking
3 103 (8.37%) Public Sector
4 84 (6.82%) Investment Banking
5 64 (5.20%) Front Office
6 24 (1.95%) Retail
7 23 (1.87%) Financial Institution
8 19 (1.54%) Telecoms
9 17 (1.38%) Marketing
10 12 (0.97%) Back Office
10 12 (0.97%) Electronics
10 12 (0.97%) Manufacturing
11 11 (0.89%) Games
12 5 (0.41%) Automotive
13 4 (0.32%) Police
14 3 (0.24%) Advertising
14 3 (0.24%) Law
14 3 (0.24%) Legal
14 3 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
14 3 (0.24%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 950 (77.17%) Developer
2 809 (65.72%) Java Developer
3 142 (11.54%) Senior Developer
4 129 (10.48%) Senior Java Developer
5 93 (7.55%) AWS Developer
6 91 (7.39%) Full Stack Developer
7 67 (5.44%) Architect
8 65 (5.28%) Backend Developer
9 59 (4.79%) Java Engineer
10 56 (4.55%) Software Engineer
11 48 (3.90%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 31 (2.52%) Agile Developer
12 31 (2.52%) Agile Java Developer
13 27 (2.19%) Java Software Engineer
14 26 (2.11%) Angular Developer
15 25 (2.03%) Integration Developer
16 24 (1.95%) AWS Engineer
17 23 (1.87%) React Developer
18 21 (1.71%) Applications Developer
18 21 (1.71%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 682 (55.40%) Spring Boot
2 278 (22.58%) REST
3 242 (19.66%) Web Services
4 223 (18.12%) RESTful
5 209 (16.98%) AngularJS
6 179 (14.54%) Hibernate
7 145 (11.78%) React
8 143 (11.62%) J2EE
9 140 (11.37%) Kafka
10 136 (11.05%) SOAP
11 134 (10.89%) HTML
12 121 (9.83%) CSS
13 105 (8.53%) JSON
14 101 (8.20%) XML
15 95 (7.72%) Apache Camel
16 94 (7.64%) Node.js
17 83 (6.74%) RabbitMQ
18 78 (6.34%) Spring Cloud
19 70 (5.69%) Middleware
20 63 (5.12%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 51 (4.14%) Enterprise Software
2 49 (3.98%) Mobile App
3 47 (3.82%) Greenfield Project
3 47 (3.82%) User Experience
4 43 (3.49%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 29 (2.36%) Analytical Skills
6 27 (2.19%) Public Cloud
7 25 (2.03%) Virtual Team
8 24 (1.95%) Fixed Income
9 22 (1.79%) Credit Risk
10 18 (1.46%) Hybrid Cloud
11 17 (1.38%) Cloud Native
12 14 (1.14%) Semantic Web
13 11 (0.89%) Algorithms
14 9 (0.73%) Linux Command Line
14 9 (0.73%) Replication
14 9 (0.73%) Self-Motivation
15 8 (0.65%) Derivative
15 8 (0.65%) PKI
15 8 (0.65%) Pricing Data
Operating Systems
1 141 (11.45%) Linux
2 75 (6.09%) Unix
3 22 (1.79%) Windows
4 17 (1.38%) Android
5 15 (1.22%) Apple iOS
5 15 (1.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (1.14%) Ubuntu
7 9 (0.73%) Solaris
8 7 (0.57%) CentOS
8 7 (0.57%) Debian
9 6 (0.49%) Amazon Linux
10 5 (0.41%) Oracle Linux
11 3 (0.24%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.081%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.081%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (0.081%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 692 (56.21%) Agile Software Development
2 638 (51.83%) Microservices
3 346 (28.11%) TDD
4 236 (19.17%) DevOps
5 223 (18.12%) Scrum
6 191 (15.52%) Test Automation
7 187 (15.19%) Continuous Integration
8 182 (14.78%) Software Engineering
9 164 (13.32%) BDD
10 131 (10.64%) SDLC
11 120 (9.75%) Pair Programming
12 97 (7.88%) Kanban
13 86 (6.99%) Continuous Delivery
14 82 (6.66%) Open Source
15 72 (5.85%) Multithreading
16 67 (5.44%) MVC
17 64 (5.20%) OO
18 63 (5.12%) Unit Testing
19 60 (4.87%) Integration Testing
20 59 (4.79%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 1,198 (97.32%) Java
2 411 (33.39%) Java 8
3 292 (23.72%) SQL
4 227 (18.44%) JavaScript
5 122 (9.91%) Python
6 73 (5.93%) Kotlin
7 53 (4.31%) Scala
8 46 (3.74%) TypeScript
9 37 (3.01%) PL/SQL
10 31 (2.52%) Shell Script
11 30 (2.44%) C#
12 29 (2.36%) ES6
13 27 (2.19%) Groovy
14 22 (1.79%) C++
15 17 (1.38%) R
16 15 (1.22%) Perl
16 15 (1.22%) Ruby
17 14 (1.14%) XPath
18 11 (0.89%) Bash Shell
19 8 (0.65%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 200 (16.25%) Security Cleared
2 166 (13.48%) SC Cleared
3 32 (2.60%) Degree
4 24 (1.95%) DV Cleared
5 18 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
6 14 (1.14%) ISEB
6 14 (1.14%) ISTQB
6 14 (1.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 12 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
8 10 (0.81%) Sun Certification
9 9 (0.73%) OCPJP
10 6 (0.49%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.41%) AWS Certification
11 5 (0.41%) SANS
12 4 (0.32%) Master's Degree
12 4 (0.32%) OCP
12 4 (0.32%) Oracle Certification
13 1 (0.081%) CISSP
13 1 (0.081%) Numerate Degree
13 1 (0.081%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (3.41%) QA
2 8 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 5 (0.41%) GDPR
4 4 (0.32%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.081%) Basel III
6 1 (0.081%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.081%) NCSC
6 1 (0.081%) SLA
6 1 (0.081%) WCAG
System Software
1 313 (25.43%) Docker
2 8 (0.65%) Active Directory
2 8 (0.65%) Oracle RAC
3 7 (0.57%) HDFS
3 7 (0.57%) vSphere
4 6 (0.49%) OpenAM
4 6 (0.49%) OpenDJ
5 5 (0.41%) Postfix
5 5 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.081%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.081%) NFS
6 1 (0.081%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 233 (18.93%) Kubernetes
2 66 (5.36%) Terraform
3 46 (3.74%) Ansible
4 33 (2.68%) Prometheus
5 22 (1.79%) Zipkin
6 21 (1.71%) Kibana
7 12 (0.97%) Puppet
8 11 (0.89%) logstash
9 8 (0.65%) Data Guard
9 8 (0.65%) Oracle RMAN
10 7 (0.57%) Grafana
11 6 (0.49%) Consul
11 6 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
12 5 (0.41%) Tivoli
12 5 (0.41%) Tivoli Storage Manager
13 4 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
13 4 (0.32%) linkerd
13 4 (0.32%) NetIQ Identity Manager
13 4 (0.32%) Opscode Chef
14 3 (0.24%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 181 (14.70%) Oracle
2 53 (4.31%) Google
3 32 (2.60%) Microsoft
4 31 (2.52%) IBM
5 30 (2.44%) AppDynamics
6 28 (2.27%) SAP
7 24 (1.95%) Splunk
8 23 (1.87%) Red Hat
9 21 (1.71%) MuleSoft
10 18 (1.46%) Sybase
11 15 (1.22%) BEA
12 10 (0.81%) hybris
12 10 (0.81%) Talend
13 9 (0.73%) Blue Coat
13 9 (0.73%) F5
13 9 (0.73%) ForgeRock
13 9 (0.73%) Sun
13 9 (0.73%) Terracotta
14 8 (0.65%) Atlassian
15 7 (0.57%) VMware