Period
to 26 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Spring skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Spring over the 6 months to 26 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Pivotal Software Spring Framework
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 54 73 105
Rank change year-on-year +19 +32 -20
Contract jobs citing Spring 3617 3190 2391
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.65% 2.99% 2.11%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.40% 10.09% 7.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 2492 2384 1601
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £339 £325 £308
90th Percentile £625 £584 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 7 37
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £44.50 £47.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.49% -5.32% +34.29%
10th Percentile £37.00 £23.19 £40.00
90th Percentile £53.75 £108.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £44.50 £55.00
% change year-on-year +17.98% -19.09% +57.14%

Spring is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31740 31617 31565
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.05% 29.61% 27.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 22072 22067 21417
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £310 £295 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 385 379 516
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £37.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -2.81% +7.36%
10th Percentile £16.35 £13.45 £14.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £52.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £37.45
% change year-on-year +11.11% -3.87% +15.23%

Spring
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Spring as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Spring.

Contractor daily rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 26 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Spring in the UK

Spring
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Spring over the 6 months to 26 September 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Spring in the UK

Spring
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Spring within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +12 3223 £475 +5.56% 255
UK excluding London +14 1847 £425 - 152
London +20 1727 £513 +2.50% 118
South East +4 524 £475 +2.15% 40
North of England +18 476 £425 - 38
Scotland +34 255 £380 - 12
North West +22 217 £438 +2.94% 22
Yorkshire +1 217 £423 -6.11% 15
Midlands -12 166 £444 +5.65% 24
South West -5 162 £413 +10.00% 15
East of England +26 157 £447 +4.56% 19
West Midlands -20 96 £500 +16.28% 14
Northern Ireland +4 82 £413 -5.71% 1
East Midlands +7 71 £425 +6.25% 10
North East +74 37 £400 -5.33% 1
Wales -11 18 £400 -8.57% 3
Channel Islands - 9 - -

For the 6 months to 26 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Spring also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Spring.

1 3499 (96.74%) Java
2 2180 (60.27%) Agile Software Development
3 1340 (37.05%) TDD
4 1253 (34.64%) Hibernate
5 1034 (28.59%) SQL
6 1028 (28.42%) JavaScript
7 969 (26.79%) REST
8 959 (26.51%) Spring Boot
9 946 (26.15%) Microservices
10 937 (25.91%) Git (software)
11 914 (25.27%) Scrum
12 913 (25.24%) Jenkins
13 894 (24.72%) Web Services
14 844 (23.33%) HTML
15 812 (22.45%) Maven
16 800 (22.12%) Continuous Integration
17 791 (21.87%) Finance
18 779 (21.54%) RESTful
19 743 (20.54%) MVC
20 727 (20.10%) JUnit
21 671 (18.55%) J2EE
22 662 (18.30%) CSS
23 652 (18.03%) Linux
24 640 (17.69%) AngularJS
25 633 (17.50%) Oracle
26 613 (16.95%) BDD
27 604 (16.70%) JSON
28 589 (16.28%) Banking
29 572 (15.81%) XML
30 532 (14.71%) Docker

Spring
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 321 (8.87%) Confluence
2 315 (8.71%) Tomcat
3 302 (8.35%) JBoss
4 230 (6.36%) Apache
5 212 (5.86%) WebSphere
6 187 (5.17%) Apache Spark
7 158 (4.37%) WebLogic
8 147 (4.06%) Apache Solr
9 126 (3.48%) Elasticsearch
10 124 (3.43%) Cloud Foundry
11 112 (3.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 77 (2.13%) Mule
13 67 (1.85%) WebSphere Application Server
14 53 (1.47%) CMS
15 43 (1.19%) Jetty
16 32 (0.88%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 30 (0.83%) GemFire
18 26 (0.72%) WebSphere Process Server
19 25 (0.69%) GlassFish
20 23 (0.64%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 9 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.19%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.17%) Photoshop
4 3 (0.083%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.055%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.055%) OmniGraffle
5 2 (0.055%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.028%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 44 (1.22%) Payment Gateway
1 44 (1.22%) SAP Hybris
2 25 (0.69%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 14 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.17%) ION MarketView
5 4 (0.11%) Loan IQ
6 3 (0.083%) LatentZero
6 3 (0.083%) Pega PRPC
6 3 (0.083%) SDL Web 8
6 3 (0.083%) thinkFolio
7 2 (0.055%) assyst
7 2 (0.055%) BusinessWorks
7 2 (0.055%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.055%) RMDS
8 1 (0.028%) Dynamics CRM
8 1 (0.028%) Magento
8 1 (0.028%) Remedy AR System
8 1 (0.028%) SAP Business One
8 1 (0.028%) SAP CRM
8 1 (0.028%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 407 (11.25%) Amazon AWS
2 202 (5.58%) GitHub
3 111 (3.07%) PaaS
4 100 (2.76%) Microsoft Azure
5 68 (1.88%) OpenShift
6 61 (1.69%) Amazon EC2
7 46 (1.27%) npm
8 39 (1.08%) IaaS
9 31 (0.86%) Amazon S3
10 29 (0.80%) Cloud Computing
11 28 (0.77%) SaaS
12 27 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
12 27 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
13 26 (0.72%) Heroku
14 22 (0.61%) Bluemix
14 22 (0.61%) IBM Cloud
15 14 (0.39%) Amazon ElastiCache
16 13 (0.36%) Twilio
17 10 (0.28%) CloudFront
17 10 (0.28%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 155 (4.29%) HTTP
2 80 (2.21%) Internet
3 71 (1.96%) Kerberos
4 46 (1.27%) LDAP
5 44 (1.22%) TCP/IP
6 35 (0.97%) SSL
7 32 (0.88%) SMS
8 23 (0.64%) AMQP
9 15 (0.41%) Firewall
10 10 (0.28%) Intranet
11 8 (0.22%) 3GPP
11 8 (0.22%) Diameter Protocol
11 8 (0.22%) FTP
11 8 (0.22%) SIGTRAN
12 7 (0.19%) DSL
13 6 (0.17%) BIG-IP
13 6 (0.17%) X.509
14 5 (0.14%) VPN
15 4 (0.11%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
16 3 (0.083%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 457 (12.63%) Relational Database
2 426 (11.78%) NoSQL
3 407 (11.25%) MongoDB
4 347 (9.59%) MySQL
5 267 (7.38%) PostgreSQL
6 265 (7.33%) Hadoop
7 251 (6.94%) Big Data
8 200 (5.53%) RDBMS
9 163 (4.51%) SQL Server
10 161 (4.45%) Apache Cassandra
11 153 (4.23%) HBase
12 121 (3.35%) Oracle Database
13 100 (2.76%) DB2
14 77 (2.13%) Redis
15 53 (1.47%) Apache Hive
16 51 (1.41%) MarkLogic
17 46 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
18 43 (1.19%) Endeca
19 36 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 36 (1.00%) MariaDB
Development Applications
1 937 (25.91%) Git (software)
2 913 (25.24%) Jenkins
3 812 (22.45%) Maven
4 727 (20.10%) JUnit
5 504 (13.93%) JIRA
6 350 (9.68%) Mockito
7 342 (9.46%) Cucumber
8 292 (8.07%) Subversion
9 244 (6.75%) Gradle
10 232 (6.41%) Eclipse
11 224 (6.19%) Selenium
12 223 (6.17%) IntelliJ
13 138 (3.82%) Ant
14 103 (2.85%) TeamCity
15 101 (2.79%) GitLab
16 76 (2.10%) Bitbucket
17 68 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 65 (1.80%) jMock
19 64 (1.77%) Hudson
20 63 (1.74%) Mercurial
General
1 791 (21.87%) Finance
2 589 (16.28%) Banking
3 154 (4.26%) Investment Banking
4 152 (4.20%) Front Office
5 108 (2.99%) Retail
6 68 (1.88%) Telecoms
7 54 (1.49%) Marketing
8 46 (1.27%) Games
9 34 (0.94%) Billing
10 30 (0.83%) Manufacturing
11 28 (0.77%) Electronics
11 28 (0.77%) Publishing
12 21 (0.58%) Advertising
13 20 (0.55%) Back Office
14 19 (0.53%) Financial Institution
14 19 (0.53%) Retail Banking
15 17 (0.47%) Law
16 13 (0.36%) French Language
17 12 (0.33%) Legal
18 10 (0.28%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 2922 (80.79%) Developer
2 2411 (66.66%) Java Developer
3 464 (12.83%) Senior Developer
4 379 (10.48%) Senior Java Developer
5 226 (6.25%) Architect
6 209 (5.78%) Full Stack Developer
7 197 (5.45%) Agile Developer
8 195 (5.39%) Agile Java Developer
9 168 (4.64%) Java Engineer
10 138 (3.82%) JavaScript Developer
11 124 (3.43%) Scala Developer
12 116 (3.21%) Software Engineer
13 114 (3.15%) Angular Developer
14 88 (2.43%) Lead Developer
15 79 (2.18%) Software Developer
15 79 (2.18%) SQL Developer
16 78 (2.16%) Java Software Engineer
17 77 (2.13%) Java Architect
18 72 (1.99%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 71 (1.96%) Java Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1253 (34.64%) Hibernate
2 969 (26.79%) REST
3 959 (26.51%) Spring Boot
4 894 (24.72%) Web Services
5 844 (23.33%) HTML
6 779 (21.54%) RESTful
7 671 (18.55%) J2EE
8 662 (18.30%) CSS
9 640 (17.69%) AngularJS
10 604 (16.70%) JSON
11 572 (15.81%) XML
12 526 (14.54%) Spring MVC
13 517 (14.29%) SOAP
14 461 (12.75%) HTML5
15 349 (9.65%) Java EE
16 346 (9.57%) JMS
17 298 (8.24%) Apache Camel
18 294 (8.13%) JSP
19 274 (7.58%) jQuery
20 270 (7.46%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 235 (6.50%) Greenfield Project
2 151 (4.17%) Computer Science
3 140 (3.87%) Algorithms
4 128 (3.54%) Enterprise Software
5 116 (3.21%) Analytical Skills
6 113 (3.12%) User Experience
7 111 (3.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 94 (2.60%) Mobile App
9 92 (2.54%) Data Structures
10 91 (2.52%) Virtual Team
11 64 (1.77%) Derivative
12 61 (1.69%) Fintech
13 57 (1.58%) Equities
14 56 (1.55%) Fixed Income
15 38 (1.05%) Client/Server
15 38 (1.05%) Cloud Native
16 34 (0.94%) iPad
16 34 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
16 34 (0.94%) N-Tier
17 29 (0.80%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 652 (18.03%) Linux
2 357 (9.87%) Unix
3 82 (2.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 77 (2.13%) Windows
5 59 (1.63%) Android
6 43 (1.19%) Apple iOS
7 24 (0.66%) Ubuntu
8 23 (0.64%) CentOS
9 22 (0.61%) HPUX
9 22 (0.61%) Solaris
10 20 (0.55%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.17%) AIX
12 5 (0.14%) CoreOS
12 5 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
12 5 (0.14%) Windows Server
13 4 (0.11%) VMS
14 3 (0.083%) Debian
15 1 (0.028%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2180 (60.27%) Agile Software Development
2 1340 (37.05%) TDD
3 946 (26.15%) Microservices
4 914 (25.27%) Scrum
5 800 (22.12%) Continuous Integration
6 743 (20.54%) MVC
7 613 (16.95%) BDD
8 462 (12.77%) DevOps
8 462 (12.77%) OO
9 459 (12.69%) Test Automation
10 436 (12.05%) Open Source
11 398 (11.00%) Software Engineering
12 331 (9.15%) SOA
13 324 (8.96%) Kanban
14 303 (8.38%) Unit Testing
15 293 (8.10%) E-Commerce
16 271 (7.49%) SDLC
17 222 (6.14%) Pair Programming
18 211 (5.83%) Multithreading
19 204 (5.64%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 3499 (96.74%) Java
2 1034 (28.59%) SQL
3 1028 (28.42%) JavaScript
4 322 (8.90%) Scala
5 246 (6.80%) Python
6 192 (5.31%) Ruby
7 142 (3.93%) PL/SQL
8 137 (3.79%) C#
9 101 (2.79%) Shell Script
10 92 (2.54%) Groovy
11 79 (2.18%) Bash Shell
12 77 (2.13%) Perl
13 61 (1.69%) ES6
14 59 (1.63%) TypeScript
15 53 (1.47%) Go
16 37 (1.02%) C++
17 26 (0.72%) XPath
18 21 (0.58%) T-SQL
19 18 (0.50%) Kotlin
19 18 (0.50%) PHP
Qualifications
1 198 (5.47%) Security Cleared
2 187 (5.17%) Degree
3 163 (4.51%) SC Cleared
4 61 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (0.44%) BPSS Clearance
6 14 (0.39%) ISTQB
7 13 (0.36%) ISEB
8 12 (0.33%) Master's Degree
9 11 (0.30%) Sun Certification
10 7 (0.19%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.17%) BC Cleared
12 4 (0.11%) DV Cleared
12 4 (0.11%) OCPJP
12 4 (0.11%) PhD
13 3 (0.083%) HND
14 2 (0.055%) CFA
14 2 (0.055%) CISA
14 2 (0.055%) CISM
14 2 (0.055%) CISSP
15 1 (0.028%) OCPJWCD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (3.54%) QA
2 41 (1.13%) MiFID
3 23 (0.64%) PCI DSS
4 20 (0.55%) GDPR
5 12 (0.33%) EMIR
6 11 (0.30%) Dodd-Frank
7 10 (0.28%) HL7
8 8 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
9 6 (0.17%) GCP
9 6 (0.17%) SLA
10 3 (0.083%) FATCA
10 3 (0.083%) WAI
10 3 (0.083%) WCAG
11 2 (0.055%) FedRAMP
12 1 (0.028%) Data Quality
12 1 (0.028%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 532 (14.71%) Docker
2 106 (2.93%) HDFS
3 92 (2.54%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 26 (0.72%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.19%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.17%) LXC
6 6 (0.17%) Varnish
6 6 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.17%) VMware Workstation
7 5 (0.14%) OpenAM
7 5 (0.14%) vSphere
8 4 (0.11%) OpenIDM
8 4 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.083%) Apache Flume
9 3 (0.083%) NFS
9 3 (0.083%) Platform Symphony
10 2 (0.055%) GridGain
11 1 (0.028%) vCloud
11 1 (0.028%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 201 (5.56%) Kubernetes
2 189 (5.23%) Puppet
3 186 (5.14%) Ansible
4 91 (2.52%) Opscode Chef
5 70 (1.94%) Terraform
6 39 (1.08%) Hadoop YARN
7 35 (0.97%) Kibana
8 19 (0.53%) Consul
9 16 (0.44%) Oozie
10 15 (0.41%) Cobbler
11 14 (0.39%) Grafana
12 12 (0.33%) logstash
13 11 (0.30%) Mesos
14 10 (0.28%) Business Desktop Deployment
14 10 (0.28%) Rancher
15 9 (0.25%) Zipkin
16 6 (0.17%) Tivoli
17 5 (0.14%) Prometheus
18 4 (0.11%) Ambari
18 4 (0.11%) Marathon
Vendors
1 633 (17.50%) Oracle
2 134 (3.70%) Google
3 129 (3.57%) IBM
4 101 (2.79%) hybris
5 82 (2.27%) SAP
6 76 (2.10%) MuleSoft
7 72 (1.99%) Sybase
8 64 (1.77%) Salesforce.com
9 58 (1.60%) TIBCO
10 57 (1.58%) Red Hat
11 54 (1.49%) Adobe
12 53 (1.47%) Perforce
13 38 (1.05%) Microsoft
14 35 (0.97%) Atlassian
15 31 (0.86%) ATG
16 30 (0.83%) webMethods
17 23 (0.64%) WSO2
18 22 (0.61%) Apigee
19 21 (0.58%) Reuters
19 21 (0.58%) Solace