Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 11 4
Rank change year-on-year +5 -7 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 1,174 573 2,108
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 19.71% 15.85% 21.17%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.57% 25.68% 35.29%
Number of salaries quoted 1,061 498 1,926
10th Percentile £45,000 £39,191 £40,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £66,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +2.27% +5.60% +4.17%
75th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £98,750 £92,500 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +4.17%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,604 2,231 5,973
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 60.50% 61.72% 59.99%
Number of salaries quoted 3,230 1,995 5,298
10th Percentile £47,000 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £84,457
90th Percentile £108,875 £105,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Salary trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 1 £40,000 -
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 419 (35.69%) Finance
2 380 (32.37%) Azure
3 373 (31.77%) Agile Software Development
4 343 (29.22%) Python
5 316 (26.92%) C#
6 276 (23.51%) Analytics
7 275 (23.42%) Business Intelligence
8 256 (21.81%) .NET
9 235 (20.02%) DevOps
10 233 (19.85%) SQL Server
11 215 (18.31%) Microsoft
12 212 (18.06%) Power Platform
13 208 (17.72%) Social Skills
14 205 (17.46%) Data Warehouse
15 200 (17.04%) AWS
16 199 (16.95%) Power BI
17 186 (15.84%) ETL
18 177 (15.08%) Java
19 171 (14.57%) JavaScript
20 155 (13.20%) Analytical Skills
21 153 (13.03%) Data Modelling
22 149 (12.69%) Degree
23 141 (12.01%) Visualisation
24 139 (11.84%) JIRA
25 136 (11.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
26 134 (11.41%) Data Science
27 122 (10.39%) QA
28 117 (9.97%) Microsoft Excel
28 117 (9.97%) Web Services
28 117 (9.97%) React

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 59 (5.03%) Confluence
2 56 (4.77%) Apache Spark
2 56 (4.77%) SharePoint
3 26 (2.21%) Apache
4 24 (2.04%) SAS
5 20 (1.70%) CMS
5 20 (1.70%) Elasticsearch
6 19 (1.62%) Apache Airflow
7 16 (1.36%) IIS
8 11 (0.94%) Apache Solr
8 11 (0.94%) Drupal
9 9 (0.77%) EPiServer
10 7 (0.60%) Tomcat
11 6 (0.51%) Appian
12 5 (0.43%) nginx
13 4 (0.34%) Apache Pig
13 4 (0.34%) Skype for Business
14 3 (0.26%) MS Exchange
15 2 (0.17%) Jetty
15 2 (0.17%) OpenStack
Applications
1 117 (9.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (4.86%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.43%) SPSS
5 3 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.085%) Mingle
6 1 (0.085%) Weka
6 1 (0.085%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 19 (1.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.51%) NetSuite
3 4 (0.34%) Elite 3E
3 4 (0.34%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.26%) Carpe Diem
4 3 (0.26%) FastStats
4 3 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.26%) Unica
5 2 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.17%) IntelliMatch
5 2 (0.17%) Relativity
5 2 (0.17%) SAP ERP
5 2 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.085%) Actimize
6 1 (0.085%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.085%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.085%) Oracle Financials
6 1 (0.085%) Salerio
6 1 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.085%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 380 (32.37%) Azure
2 212 (18.06%) Power Platform
3 200 (17.04%) AWS
4 72 (6.13%) GCP
5 61 (5.20%) Serverless
6 57 (4.86%) SaaS
7 43 (3.66%) Microsoft 365
8 41 (3.49%) PaaS
9 40 (3.41%) AWS Lambda
9 40 (3.41%) Azure Data Factory
10 36 (3.07%) Snowflake
11 33 (2.81%) Amazon EC2
12 31 (2.64%) PowerApps
13 29 (2.47%) Azure Logic Apps
14 26 (2.21%) GitHub
14 26 (2.21%) IaaS
15 24 (2.04%) Azure Active Directory
15 24 (2.04%) Power Automate
16 21 (1.79%) Amazon S3
17 20 (1.70%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 18 (1.53%) Firewall
2 13 (1.11%) HTTP
3 12 (1.02%) FTP
4 11 (0.94%) DNS
4 11 (0.94%) Extranet
5 9 (0.77%) DHCP
5 9 (0.77%) TCP/IP
6 7 (0.60%) VoIP
6 7 (0.60%) VPN
7 6 (0.51%) Intranet
8 5 (0.43%) AMQP
9 4 (0.34%) LAN
9 4 (0.34%) Network Security
9 4 (0.34%) VLAN
9 4 (0.34%) WAN
10 3 (0.26%) Broadband
10 3 (0.26%) Cisco ASA
10 3 (0.26%) Cisco Firepower
10 3 (0.26%) Cisco IOS
10 3 (0.26%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 233 (19.85%) SQL Server
2 205 (17.46%) Data Warehouse
3 199 (16.95%) Power BI
4 136 (11.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 109 (9.28%) Tableau
6 108 (9.20%) NoSQL
7 88 (7.50%) Big Data
8 77 (6.56%) Azure SQL Database
9 76 (6.47%) Data Lake
10 75 (6.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 64 (5.45%) Relational Database
12 63 (5.37%) Hadoop
13 56 (4.77%) MySQL
13 56 (4.77%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 47 (4.00%) PostgreSQL
15 46 (3.92%) MongoDB
16 42 (3.58%) Amazon Redshift
17 34 (2.90%) Looker
18 26 (2.21%) Amazon RDS
18 26 (2.21%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 139 (11.84%) JIRA
2 113 (9.63%) Git (software)
3 50 (4.26%) Team Foundation Server
4 40 (3.41%) Jenkins
5 39 (3.32%) Visual Studio
6 38 (3.24%) Selenium
7 19 (1.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 19 (1.62%) Visual Studio Team System
8 17 (1.45%) JMeter
8 17 (1.45%) NUnit
9 16 (1.36%) Bitbucket
9 16 (1.36%) TeamCity
10 14 (1.19%) JUnit
10 14 (1.19%) Subversion
11 12 (1.02%) Cucumber
11 12 (1.02%) GitLab
12 11 (0.94%) Octopus Deploy
12 11 (0.94%) Ranorex
12 11 (0.94%) webpack
13 10 (0.85%) ERwin
General
1 419 (35.69%) Finance
2 208 (17.72%) Social Skills
3 155 (13.20%) Analytical Skills
4 94 (8.01%) Banking
5 63 (5.37%) Marketing
6 45 (3.83%) Front Office
6 45 (3.83%) Investment Banking
7 42 (3.58%) Advertising
8 36 (3.07%) Legal
9 35 (2.98%) Law
10 33 (2.81%) Games
11 31 (2.64%) Retail
12 19 (1.62%) Back Office
13 18 (1.53%) Presentation Skills
14 15 (1.28%) Influencing Skills
15 14 (1.19%) Telecoms
16 13 (1.11%) Financial Institution
16 13 (1.11%) Publishing
17 9 (0.77%) Organisational Skills
17 9 (0.77%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 398 (33.90%) Developer
2 271 (23.08%) Analyst
3 132 (11.24%) Data Engineer
4 125 (10.65%) Data Analyst
5 120 (10.22%) C# Developer
6 114 (9.71%) .NET Developer
7 111 (9.45%) Senior Developer
8 78 (6.64%) C# .NET Developer
9 66 (5.62%) SQL Analyst
10 63 (5.37%) SQL Developer
11 54 (4.60%) Business Intelligence Analyst
12 48 (4.09%) SQL Data Analyst
13 45 (3.83%) Data Scientist
13 45 (3.83%) Senior C# Developer
14 43 (3.66%) Automation Engineer
15 40 (3.41%) Business Analyst
15 40 (3.41%) Senior .NET Developer
15 40 (3.41%) Senior Analyst
16 39 (3.32%) Lead Developer
17 38 (3.24%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 256 (21.81%) .NET
2 117 (9.97%) React
2 117 (9.97%) Web Services
3 106 (9.03%) CSS
4 103 (8.77%) .NET Core
5 95 (8.09%) HTML
6 90 (7.67%) AngularJS
7 89 (7.58%) ASP.NET
8 73 (6.22%) JSON
9 67 (5.71%) .NET Framework
10 65 (5.54%) jQuery
10 65 (5.54%) REST
11 60 (5.11%) XML
12 52 (4.43%) ASP.NET Web API
13 49 (4.17%) Kafka
14 43 (3.66%) Entity Framework
14 43 (3.66%) Node.js
15 38 (3.24%) RESTful
16 36 (3.07%) HTML5
17 35 (2.98%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 59 (5.03%) Equities
2 44 (3.75%) Management Information System
2 44 (3.75%) User Experience
3 33 (2.81%) Enterprise Software
4 30 (2.56%) Greenfield Project
5 26 (2.21%) Data Structures
5 26 (2.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 25 (2.13%) Mobile App
7 24 (2.04%) Algorithms
8 23 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
9 21 (1.79%) Reference Data
10 20 (1.70%) Derivative
11 19 (1.62%) N-Tier
12 17 (1.45%) Mobile Games
12 17 (1.45%) Public Cloud
13 16 (1.36%) Hedge funds
13 16 (1.36%) Legacy Systems
14 15 (1.28%) Cloud Native
14 15 (1.28%) Reinsurance
15 14 (1.19%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 96 (8.18%) Windows
2 79 (6.73%) Linux
3 46 (3.92%) Unix
4 22 (1.87%) Windows Server
5 16 (1.36%) Apple iOS
6 13 (1.11%) Android
7 12 (1.02%) Windows 10
8 9 (0.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 8 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
10 7 (0.60%) CentOS
11 5 (0.43%) Ubuntu
12 4 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
13 3 (0.26%) VMS
13 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
13 3 (0.26%) Windows XP
14 2 (0.17%) Solaris
14 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
14 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
15 1 (0.085%) Mac OS X
15 1 (0.085%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 373 (31.77%) Agile Software Development
2 276 (23.51%) Analytics
3 275 (23.42%) Business Intelligence
4 235 (20.02%) DevOps
5 186 (15.84%) ETL
6 153 (13.03%) Data Modelling
7 141 (12.01%) Visualisation
8 134 (11.41%) Data Science
9 115 (9.80%) Problem-Solving
10 114 (9.71%) Microservices
11 112 (9.54%) Test Automation
12 107 (9.11%) Full Stack Development
13 100 (8.52%) Data Visualisation
14 99 (8.43%) TDD
15 98 (8.35%) Scrum
16 96 (8.18%) MVC
17 92 (7.84%) Data Analysis
18 91 (7.75%) Software Engineering
19 90 (7.67%) Data Pipeline
20 89 (7.58%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 343 (29.22%) Python
2 316 (26.92%) C#
3 177 (15.08%) Java
4 171 (14.57%) JavaScript
5 101 (8.60%) T-SQL
6 77 (6.56%) PowerShell
7 73 (6.22%) R
8 52 (4.43%) TypeScript
9 35 (2.98%) Scala
10 33 (2.81%) VBA
11 31 (2.64%) C++
12 28 (2.39%) C
13 27 (2.30%) PL/SQL
14 20 (1.70%) Bash Shell
15 19 (1.62%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 18 (1.53%) Go
17 16 (1.36%) PHP
18 15 (1.28%) VB
19 10 (0.85%) Kotlin
20 9 (0.77%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 149 (12.69%) Degree
2 43 (3.66%) Computer Science Degree
3 17 (1.45%) Master's Degree
4 8 (0.68%) PhD
5 7 (0.60%) ISEB
5 7 (0.60%) ISTQB
5 7 (0.60%) Security Cleared
6 5 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
7 4 (0.34%) CCNA
7 4 (0.34%) DV Cleared
7 4 (0.34%) HNC
7 4 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.26%) CISSP
8 3 (0.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.26%) SC Cleared
9 2 (0.17%) CISA
9 2 (0.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 2 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.085%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 122 (10.39%) QA
2 100 (8.52%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.68%) GDPR
4 6 (0.51%) SLA
5 3 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.26%) Solvency II
6 2 (0.17%) MiFID
6 2 (0.17%) NIST
6 2 (0.17%) PSD2
7 1 (0.085%) Actionable Recommendations
7 1 (0.085%) COBIT
7 1 (0.085%) COSO
7 1 (0.085%) GRC
7 1 (0.085%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.085%) ISO 15022
7 1 (0.085%) ISO 20022
7 1 (0.085%) ISO 9000
7 1 (0.085%) ITGC
7 1 (0.085%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.085%) SEPA
System Software
1 102 (8.69%) Docker
2 45 (3.83%) Active Directory
3 14 (1.19%) Hyper-V
4 10 (0.85%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.68%) XenApp
6 7 (0.60%) HDFS
6 7 (0.60%) Microsoft App-V
7 5 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.34%) Forefront TMG
9 3 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
10 2 (0.17%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.17%) Virtual Desktop
11 1 (0.085%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.085%) ISA Server
11 1 (0.085%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.085%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 112 (9.54%) Kubernetes
2 61 (5.20%) Terraform
3 28 (2.39%) Ansible
4 17 (1.45%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (1.19%) SCCM
6 13 (1.11%) Nagios
7 12 (1.02%) SCOM
8 10 (0.85%) Grafana
8 10 (0.85%) Puppet
9 7 (0.60%) EdgeSight
9 7 (0.60%) SCOrch
9 7 (0.60%) SCVMM
10 5 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
10 5 (0.43%) Kubeflow
10 5 (0.43%) Prometheus
11 4 (0.34%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 4 (0.34%) HAProxy
11 4 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
11 4 (0.34%) MOM
12 3 (0.26%) Backup Exec
Vendors
1 215 (18.31%) Microsoft
2 73 (6.22%) Oracle
3 47 (4.00%) Databricks
4 35 (2.98%) Talend
5 31 (2.64%) Google
6 26 (2.21%) Fidessa
7 25 (2.13%) Alteryx
8 23 (1.96%) Informatica
8 23 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
9 20 (1.70%) Bloomberg
10 15 (1.28%) Atlassian
11 13 (1.11%) Facebook
11 13 (1.11%) VMware
12 12 (1.02%) Charles River
12 12 (1.02%) Tradeweb
13 11 (0.94%) SAP
13 11 (0.94%) Workday
14 10 (0.85%) Citrix
14 10 (0.85%) Intapp
15 9 (0.77%) IBM