Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 9 4
Rank change year-on-year +3 -5 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 1,116 849 2,356
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 19.94% 15.51% 22.76%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.83% 27.08% 37.37%
Number of salaries quoted 1,012 740 2,149
10th Percentile £43,750 £40,950 £38,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,475 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £82,813 £78,750 £77,500
90th Percentile £97,375 £91,250 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +4.17%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,399 3,135 6,304
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 60.72% 57.27% 60.90%
Number of salaries quoted 3,111 2,799 5,669
10th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £93,750 £86,250 £83,750
90th Percentile £108,750 £105,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% +4.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Salary trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +7 3 £80,000 +113.33%
Moorgate +8 1 £50,000 +11.11%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 412 (36.92%) Azure
2 365 (32.71%) Agile Software Development
3 343 (30.73%) Finance
4 328 (29.39%) Python
5 311 (27.87%) C#
6 300 (26.88%) .NET
7 287 (25.72%) DevOps
8 248 (22.22%) SQL Server
9 227 (20.34%) JavaScript
10 225 (20.16%) Analytics
11 213 (19.09%) Business Intelligence
11 213 (19.09%) Power Platform
12 203 (18.19%) Social Skills
13 202 (18.10%) Degree
14 194 (17.38%) AWS
15 184 (16.49%) Java
16 178 (15.95%) Microsoft
17 177 (15.86%) Power BI
18 171 (15.32%) CSS
18 171 (15.32%) Microservices
19 147 (13.17%) Analytical Skills
20 144 (12.90%) OO
21 143 (12.81%) Test Automation
22 142 (12.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 142 (12.72%) React
23 139 (12.46%) .NET Core
24 133 (11.92%) Web Services
24 133 (11.92%) ETL
25 131 (11.74%) Data Warehouse
26 128 (11.47%) Kubernetes

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 119 (10.66%) SharePoint
2 65 (5.82%) Apache Spark
3 23 (2.06%) Confluence
3 23 (2.06%) SAS
4 22 (1.97%) CMS
4 22 (1.97%) Elasticsearch
5 20 (1.79%) Apache
6 18 (1.61%) Apache Airflow
6 18 (1.61%) IIS
7 11 (0.99%) Apache Solr
7 11 (0.99%) Drupal
8 10 (0.90%) Tomcat
9 9 (0.81%) EPiServer
10 4 (0.36%) MS Exchange
10 4 (0.36%) Skype for Business
11 3 (0.27%) Apache Pig
11 3 (0.27%) Appian
12 2 (0.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 2 (0.18%) Oracle Workflow
12 2 (0.18%) SugarCRM
Applications
1 100 (8.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 47 (4.21%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (1.08%) Spreadsheet
4 9 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.54%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.27%) SPSS
7 1 (0.090%) Mingle
7 1 (0.090%) Weka
7 1 (0.090%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 77 (6.90%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.63%) SAP ERP
3 4 (0.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.27%) Carpe Diem
4 3 (0.27%) Elite 3E
4 3 (0.27%) FastStats
4 3 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
4 3 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
4 3 (0.27%) Unica
5 2 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.18%) IntelliMatch
5 2 (0.18%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.18%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
5 2 (0.18%) Temenos T24
5 2 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.090%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.090%) Salerio
Cloud Services
1 412 (36.92%) Azure
2 213 (19.09%) Power Platform
3 194 (17.38%) AWS
4 79 (7.08%) PaaS
5 75 (6.72%) Serverless
6 63 (5.65%) Azure Service Bus
7 59 (5.29%) Azure App Service
8 57 (5.11%) Azure Service Fabric
8 57 (5.11%) SaaS
9 56 (5.02%) Azure Active Directory
9 56 (5.02%) Microsoft 365
10 55 (4.93%) GCP
11 53 (4.75%) PowerApps
12 49 (4.39%) Azure Key Vault
13 46 (4.12%) Azure Storage
14 42 (3.76%) Azure Functions
14 42 (3.76%) Azure Logic Apps
15 32 (2.87%) Amazon EC2
16 30 (2.69%) Dynamics 365
17 29 (2.60%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 20 (1.79%) Firewall
2 17 (1.52%) HTTP
3 16 (1.43%) Extranet
4 12 (1.08%) FTP
5 9 (0.81%) DHCP
5 9 (0.81%) DNS
6 8 (0.72%) AMQP
6 8 (0.72%) SSH
6 8 (0.72%) TCP/IP
6 8 (0.72%) VPN
7 6 (0.54%) Intrusion Detection
8 4 (0.36%) Broadband
8 4 (0.36%) Cisco IOS
8 4 (0.36%) VoIP
9 3 (0.27%) 5G
9 3 (0.27%) Cisco ASA
9 3 (0.27%) Cisco Firepower
9 3 (0.27%) Cisco Nexus
9 3 (0.27%) LAN
9 3 (0.27%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (22.22%) SQL Server
2 177 (15.86%) Power BI
3 142 (12.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 131 (11.74%) Data Warehouse
5 124 (11.11%) NoSQL
6 98 (8.78%) Tableau
7 89 (7.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 81 (7.26%) Azure SQL Database
8 81 (7.26%) Big Data
9 72 (6.45%) Hadoop
10 67 (6.00%) PostgreSQL
11 58 (5.20%) Relational Database
12 55 (4.93%) MySQL
13 53 (4.75%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 52 (4.66%) MongoDB
15 50 (4.48%) Data Lake
16 30 (2.69%) Amazon Redshift
17 26 (2.33%) Amazon RDS
18 24 (2.15%) Apache Hive
19 22 (1.97%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 106 (9.50%) Git (software)
2 93 (8.33%) JIRA
3 71 (6.36%) Team Foundation Server
4 60 (5.38%) Jenkins
5 53 (4.75%) Visual Studio
6 52 (4.66%) Visual Studio Team System
7 46 (4.12%) Selenium
8 24 (2.15%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 19 (1.70%) Bitbucket
10 16 (1.43%) Octopus Deploy
11 15 (1.34%) TeamCity
12 14 (1.25%) NUnit
12 14 (1.25%) Ranorex
13 13 (1.16%) JMeter
13 13 (1.16%) Subversion
14 12 (1.08%) webpack
15 11 (0.99%) JUnit
15 11 (0.99%) Maven
16 10 (0.90%) Cucumber
17 9 (0.81%) ERwin
General
1 343 (30.73%) Finance
2 203 (18.19%) Social Skills
3 147 (13.17%) Analytical Skills
4 109 (9.77%) Banking
5 62 (5.56%) Marketing
6 47 (4.21%) Front Office
7 42 (3.76%) Investment Banking
8 37 (3.32%) Law
8 37 (3.32%) Legal
9 36 (3.23%) Games
10 30 (2.69%) Advertising
11 21 (1.88%) Retail
12 20 (1.79%) Back Office
13 17 (1.52%) Financial Institution
14 15 (1.34%) Presentation Skills
14 15 (1.34%) Private Banking
15 12 (1.08%) Telecoms
16 11 (0.99%) Influencing Skills
16 11 (0.99%) Publishing
17 7 (0.63%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 416 (37.28%) Developer
2 200 (17.92%) Analyst
3 156 (13.98%) C# Developer
4 120 (10.75%) Senior Developer
5 112 (10.04%) .NET Developer
6 103 (9.23%) Data Engineer
7 98 (8.78%) Data Analyst
8 90 (8.06%) C# .NET Developer
9 75 (6.72%) SQL Developer
10 64 (5.73%) Senior C# Developer
11 63 (5.65%) Azure Developer
12 53 (4.75%) Senior .NET Developer
13 47 (4.21%) SQL Analyst
14 40 (3.58%) Applications Support
14 40 (3.58%) Software Engineer
15 39 (3.49%) Data Scientist
15 39 (3.49%) Java Developer
15 39 (3.49%) Java Engineer
16 38 (3.41%) Architect
17 37 (3.32%) Senior Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 300 (26.88%) .NET
2 171 (15.32%) CSS
3 142 (12.72%) React
4 139 (12.46%) .NET Core
5 133 (11.92%) Web Services
6 122 (10.93%) HTML
7 98 (8.78%) jQuery
8 85 (7.62%) AngularJS
9 83 (7.44%) ASP.NET
10 81 (7.26%) .NET Framework
11 70 (6.27%) ASP.NET Web API
12 69 (6.18%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 69 (6.18%) XML
13 65 (5.82%) JSON
14 61 (5.47%) REST
15 59 (5.29%) Entity Framework
16 50 (4.48%) Node.js
17 47 (4.21%) Kafka
18 42 (3.76%) RESTful
19 41 (3.67%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 54 (4.84%) N-Tier
2 49 (4.39%) Equities
3 41 (3.67%) Legacy Systems
4 40 (3.58%) Management Information System
5 32 (2.87%) Enterprise Software
6 30 (2.69%) Greenfield Project
7 26 (2.33%) Data Structures
8 24 (2.15%) Algorithms
9 23 (2.06%) Reinsurance
10 22 (1.97%) User Experience
11 21 (1.88%) Public Cloud
12 20 (1.79%) Derivative
12 20 (1.79%) Hedge funds
13 18 (1.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 18 (1.61%) Mobile App
13 18 (1.61%) Social Media
14 16 (1.43%) Analytical Mindset
14 16 (1.43%) Fixed Income
14 16 (1.43%) Mobile Games
15 15 (1.34%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 102 (9.14%) Windows
2 100 (8.96%) Linux
3 52 (4.66%) Unix
4 17 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 16 (1.43%) Windows Server
6 13 (1.16%) Windows 10
7 11 (0.99%) Android
7 11 (0.99%) Apple iOS
8 10 (0.90%) Windows Server 2012
9 9 (0.81%) CentOS
10 8 (0.72%) Ubuntu
11 5 (0.45%) Windows Server 2019
12 3 (0.27%) VMS
12 3 (0.27%) Windows Server 2003
12 3 (0.27%) Windows XP
13 2 (0.18%) Windows Server 2016
14 1 (0.090%) Windows 7
14 1 (0.090%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 365 (32.71%) Agile Software Development
2 287 (25.72%) DevOps
3 225 (20.16%) Analytics
4 213 (19.09%) Business Intelligence
5 171 (15.32%) Microservices
6 144 (12.90%) OO
7 143 (12.81%) Test Automation
8 133 (11.92%) ETL
9 127 (11.38%) Data Science
10 125 (11.20%) Computer Science
11 121 (10.84%) Data Modelling
12 120 (10.75%) CRM
12 120 (10.75%) MVC
13 113 (10.13%) Continuous Integration
14 107 (9.59%) TDD
15 103 (9.23%) SOLID
16 101 (9.05%) Visualisation
17 99 (8.87%) Software Engineering
18 87 (7.80%) Mentoring
18 87 (7.80%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 328 (29.39%) Python
2 311 (27.87%) C#
3 227 (20.34%) JavaScript
4 184 (16.49%) Java
5 127 (11.38%) T-SQL
6 116 (10.39%) PowerShell
7 55 (4.93%) TypeScript
8 52 (4.66%) R
9 32 (2.87%) C++
10 29 (2.60%) Bash Shell
11 25 (2.24%) Scala
11 25 (2.24%) VBA
12 23 (2.06%) C
12 23 (2.06%) PHP
13 21 (1.88%) PL/SQL
14 17 (1.52%) Kotlin
15 16 (1.43%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
15 16 (1.43%) XPath
16 15 (1.34%) ES6
17 14 (1.25%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 202 (18.10%) Degree
2 79 (7.08%) Computer Science Degree
3 10 (0.90%) PhD
3 10 (0.90%) Security Cleared
4 8 (0.72%) Master's Degree
5 7 (0.63%) ISTQB
6 6 (0.54%) SC Cleared
7 5 (0.45%) DV Cleared
7 5 (0.45%) ISEB
8 4 (0.36%) HNC
8 4 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
8 4 (0.36%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 4 (0.36%) Numerate Degree
9 3 (0.27%) CISA
9 3 (0.27%) EnCE
9 3 (0.27%) GCFA
9 3 (0.27%) GCFE
9 3 (0.27%) GREM
9 3 (0.27%) PMI Certification
9 3 (0.27%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 97 (8.69%) QA
2 59 (5.29%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.81%) GDPR
4 4 (0.36%) MiFID
4 4 (0.36%) SLA
5 2 (0.18%) EMIR
5 2 (0.18%) PSD2
5 2 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.090%) Actionable Recommendations
6 1 (0.090%) CDISC
6 1 (0.090%) COBIT
6 1 (0.090%) GRC
6 1 (0.090%) ISO 15022
6 1 (0.090%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.090%) ISO 9000
6 1 (0.090%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.090%) NIST
System Software
1 127 (11.38%) Docker
2 33 (2.96%) Active Directory
3 16 (1.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.63%) HDFS
4 7 (0.63%) Hyper-V
5 4 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.36%) Forefront TMG
6 3 (0.27%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.27%) OpenAM
6 3 (0.27%) OpenDJ
6 3 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
7 2 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.18%) XenApp
8 1 (0.090%) BitLocker
8 1 (0.090%) ISA Server
8 1 (0.090%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.090%) Terminal Server
8 1 (0.090%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.090%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 128 (11.47%) Kubernetes
2 89 (7.97%) Terraform
3 51 (4.57%) Opscode Chef
4 34 (3.05%) Ansible
5 19 (1.70%) Grafana
6 13 (1.16%) Puppet
7 12 (1.08%) SCCM
8 9 (0.81%) Nagios
8 9 (0.81%) SCOM
9 6 (0.54%) EnCase
9 6 (0.54%) FTK
9 6 (0.54%) Nessus
9 6 (0.54%) Packer
10 5 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
10 5 (0.45%) Kubeflow
11 4 (0.36%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 4 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
11 4 (0.36%) MOM
11 4 (0.36%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.27%) Backup Exec
Vendors
1 178 (15.95%) Microsoft
2 76 (6.81%) Oracle
3 42 (3.76%) Nintex
4 33 (2.96%) Databricks
5 29 (2.60%) Google
6 28 (2.51%) Fidessa
7 23 (2.06%) Talend
8 21 (1.88%) VMware
9 20 (1.79%) Informatica
10 17 (1.52%) Bloomberg
10 17 (1.52%) Workday
11 15 (1.34%) Facebook
12 13 (1.16%) Intapp
13 12 (1.08%) SAP
14 10 (0.90%) Alteryx
14 10 (0.90%) Charles River
14 10 (0.90%) Red Hat
15 9 (0.81%) Portware
15 9 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
15 9 (0.81%) ServiceNow