Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 6 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 1,016 1,457 2,316
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 20.92% 17.20% 22.60%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.70% 30.84% 36.51%
Number of salaries quoted 935 1,289 2,067
10th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £48,750 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £67,500 £65,000 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +4.17%
75th Percentile £83,750 £77,500 £75,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £91,250 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +4.35%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,015 4,725 6,344
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 62.08% 55.77% 61.90%
Number of salaries quoted 2,772 4,224 5,744
10th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £40,250
25th Percentile £56,250 £52,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +8.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,313 £82,500
90th Percentile £108,750 £105,000 £96,250
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +8.33%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Salary trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the City of London region over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +7 3 £80,000 +39.13%
Moorgate +14 1 £50,000 +11.11%
SQL
Central London

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 428 (42.13%) Azure
2 345 (33.96%) Agile Software Development
3 321 (31.59%) Python
4 303 (29.82%) C#
4 303 (29.82%) Finance
5 301 (29.63%) .NET
6 279 (27.46%) SQL Server
7 277 (27.26%) DevOps
8 268 (26.38%) Degree
9 263 (25.89%) JavaScript
10 214 (21.06%) CSS
11 207 (20.37%) Power Platform
12 192 (18.90%) Business Intelligence
12 192 (18.90%) Microservices
13 190 (18.70%) Java
14 184 (18.11%) Microsoft
15 183 (18.01%) Test Automation
16 176 (17.32%) OO
17 173 (17.03%) T-SQL
18 167 (16.44%) AWS
19 160 (15.75%) SharePoint
20 159 (15.65%) Computer Science
21 153 (15.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 152 (14.96%) Web Services
23 151 (14.86%) Continuous Integration
24 145 (14.27%) Power BI
25 144 (14.17%) .NET Core
26 143 (14.07%) Analytical Skills
27 141 (13.88%) React
28 138 (13.58%) PowerShell

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 160 (15.75%) SharePoint
2 62 (6.10%) Apache Spark
3 30 (2.95%) SAS
4 21 (2.07%) Apache
5 12 (1.18%) Apache Airflow
6 8 (0.79%) Confluence
6 8 (0.79%) MS Exchange
7 6 (0.59%) IIS
8 5 (0.49%) CMS
8 5 (0.49%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (0.49%) WebLogic
9 4 (0.39%) EPiServer
10 3 (0.30%) IBM Notes
10 3 (0.30%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.20%) Mule
11 2 (0.20%) nginx
11 2 (0.20%) SharePoint 2010
11 2 (0.20%) SugarCRM
12 1 (0.098%) Exchange Server 2010
12 1 (0.098%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 77 (7.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (2.07%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.89%) Spreadsheet
4 7 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.59%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 127 (12.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.98%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 5 (0.49%) SAP ERP
4 3 (0.30%) MoSes
5 2 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.20%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.20%) SAP Business One
5 2 (0.20%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.098%) IntelliMatch
6 1 (0.098%) iTrent
6 1 (0.098%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.098%) Northgate Housing
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle Assets
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle Cash Management
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle E-Business Tax
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 1 (0.098%) Oracle iProcurement
6 1 (0.098%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 428 (42.13%) Azure
2 207 (20.37%) Power Platform
3 167 (16.44%) AWS
4 115 (11.32%) PaaS
5 87 (8.56%) Azure Active Directory
6 67 (6.59%) Dynamics 365
7 61 (6.00%) Serverless
8 55 (5.41%) PowerApps
9 47 (4.63%) GCP
10 43 (4.23%) SaaS
11 42 (4.13%) Azure Functions
12 40 (3.94%) Microsoft 365
13 32 (3.15%) Azure Data Factory
14 20 (1.97%) Amazon EC2
14 20 (1.97%) Logic Apps
15 19 (1.87%) Amazon S3
16 17 (1.67%) AWS Lambda
17 15 (1.48%) NuGet
18 14 (1.38%) Cloud Computing
19 12 (1.18%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 16 (1.57%) Firewall
2 10 (0.98%) HTTP
2 10 (0.98%) Intrusion Detection
3 8 (0.79%) DNS
3 8 (0.79%) LAN
3 8 (0.79%) SSH
3 8 (0.79%) WAN
4 6 (0.59%) DHCP
5 4 (0.39%) Extranet
5 4 (0.39%) TCP/IP
5 4 (0.39%) Unified Communications
6 3 (0.30%) AMQP
6 3 (0.30%) FIX Connectivity
6 3 (0.30%) Internet
6 3 (0.30%) MPLS
6 3 (0.30%) VoIP
6 3 (0.30%) VPN
7 2 (0.20%) HTTPS
8 1 (0.098%) FTP
8 1 (0.098%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 279 (27.46%) SQL Server
2 153 (15.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 145 (14.27%) Power BI
4 132 (12.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 109 (10.73%) NoSQL
6 87 (8.56%) Tableau
7 86 (8.46%) Data Warehouse
8 82 (8.07%) PostgreSQL
9 72 (7.09%) Azure SQL Database
10 65 (6.40%) Hadoop
10 65 (6.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 54 (5.31%) MySQL
12 52 (5.12%) Big Data
13 51 (5.02%) Relational Database
14 46 (4.53%) Data Lake
15 35 (3.44%) Amazon Redshift
16 33 (3.25%) MongoDB
17 29 (2.85%) BusinessObjects
17 29 (2.85%) Oracle Database
18 26 (2.56%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 109 (10.73%) Team Foundation Server
2 91 (8.96%) Visual Studio Team System
3 90 (8.86%) Git (software)
4 68 (6.69%) Jenkins
5 64 (6.30%) Visual Studio
6 38 (3.74%) JIRA
7 28 (2.76%) Selenium
8 23 (2.26%) Bitbucket
9 15 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 13 (1.28%) TeamCity
11 12 (1.18%) Maven
12 11 (1.08%) Postman
13 10 (0.98%) GitLab
14 9 (0.89%) Cucumber
14 9 (0.89%) NUnit
15 8 (0.79%) Ranorex
15 8 (0.79%) SpecFlow
16 7 (0.69%) JUnit
17 6 (0.59%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
17 6 (0.59%) Subversion
General
1 303 (29.82%) Finance
2 107 (10.53%) Banking
3 34 (3.35%) Private Banking
4 31 (3.05%) Marketing
5 30 (2.95%) Front Office
6 28 (2.76%) Advertising
7 27 (2.66%) Back Office
8 23 (2.26%) Law
9 18 (1.77%) Games
9 18 (1.77%) Legal
10 16 (1.57%) Retail
11 11 (1.08%) Financial Institution
11 11 (1.08%) Investment Banking
11 11 (1.08%) Public Sector
12 9 (0.89%) Housing Association
13 6 (0.59%) Online Betting
13 6 (0.59%) Telecoms
14 5 (0.49%) Social Housing
15 3 (0.30%) Publishing
16 2 (0.20%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 419 (41.24%) Developer
2 178 (17.52%) Analyst
3 139 (13.68%) C# Developer
4 126 (12.40%) Senior Developer
5 97 (9.55%) Data Engineer
6 96 (9.45%) Azure Developer
7 85 (8.37%) .NET Developer
7 85 (8.37%) SQL Developer
8 75 (7.38%) Senior C# Developer
9 61 (6.00%) Data Analyst
10 58 (5.71%) C# .NET Developer
11 57 (5.61%) Python Developer
12 55 (5.41%) Senior .NET Developer
13 51 (5.02%) Consultant
14 48 (4.72%) Architect
15 47 (4.63%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
16 46 (4.53%) Senior SQL Developer
17 45 (4.43%) Business Intelligence Analyst
18 44 (4.33%) Senior C# .NET Developer
19 43 (4.23%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 301 (29.63%) .NET
2 214 (21.06%) CSS
3 152 (14.96%) Web Services
4 144 (14.17%) .NET Core
5 141 (13.88%) React
6 134 (13.19%) jQuery
7 123 (12.11%) .NET Framework
7 123 (12.11%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 116 (11.42%) ASP.NET Web API
9 111 (10.93%) Entity Framework
10 102 (10.04%) HTML
11 93 (9.15%) XML
12 63 (6.20%) ASP.NET
13 58 (5.71%) AngularJS
14 47 (4.63%) REST
15 39 (3.84%) Node.js
15 39 (3.84%) RESTful
15 39 (3.84%) XSD
16 37 (3.64%) WCF
17 32 (3.15%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 143 (14.07%) Analytical Skills
2 101 (9.94%) N-Tier
3 61 (6.00%) Reinsurance
4 28 (2.76%) Greenfield Project
4 28 (2.76%) Hedge funds
5 27 (2.66%) Management Information System
6 25 (2.46%) Data Structures
7 24 (2.36%) Equities
8 23 (2.26%) Enterprise Software
9 21 (2.07%) Fixed Income
10 20 (1.97%) Algorithms
11 16 (1.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 12 (1.18%) Derivative
13 11 (1.08%) Clustering
14 10 (0.98%) Public Cloud
15 9 (0.89%) Analytical Mindset
16 8 (0.79%) Data Centre
16 8 (0.79%) Social Media
17 6 (0.59%) Self-Motivation
18 5 (0.49%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 103 (10.14%) Linux
2 69 (6.79%) Windows
3 41 (4.04%) Unix
4 14 (1.38%) Windows Server
5 12 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 9 (0.89%) Android
6 9 (0.89%) Apple iOS
7 5 (0.49%) CentOS
8 2 (0.20%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.20%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.098%) Robot Operating System
9 1 (0.098%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 345 (33.96%) Agile Software Development
2 277 (27.26%) DevOps
3 192 (18.90%) Business Intelligence
3 192 (18.90%) Microservices
4 183 (18.01%) Test Automation
5 176 (17.32%) OO
6 159 (15.65%) Computer Science
7 151 (14.86%) Continuous Integration
8 137 (13.48%) CRM
9 131 (12.89%) Mentoring
10 130 (12.80%) Analytics
11 128 (12.60%) MVC
12 126 (12.40%) Deployment Automation
13 119 (11.71%) SOLID
14 116 (11.42%) ETL
14 116 (11.42%) SOA
15 93 (9.15%) UML
16 92 (9.06%) Migration
17 89 (8.76%) Fintech
17 89 (8.76%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 321 (31.59%) Python
2 303 (29.82%) C#
3 263 (25.89%) JavaScript
4 190 (18.70%) Java
5 173 (17.03%) T-SQL
6 138 (13.58%) PowerShell
7 47 (4.63%) R
8 44 (4.33%) C++
9 37 (3.64%) TypeScript
10 31 (3.05%) Scala
11 28 (2.76%) PHP
12 27 (2.66%) Bash Shell
13 23 (2.26%) PL/SQL
14 21 (2.07%) Kotlin
15 18 (1.77%) C
15 18 (1.77%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
16 17 (1.67%) ES6
17 16 (1.57%) Ruby
18 15 (1.48%) Shell Script
19 14 (1.38%) VB
Qualifications
1 268 (26.38%) Degree
2 100 (9.84%) Computer Science Degree
3 12 (1.18%) PhD
4 7 (0.69%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
5 5 (0.49%) Master's Degree
5 5 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
5 5 (0.49%) SC Cleared
5 5 (0.49%) Security Cleared
6 4 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
7 3 (0.30%) EnCE
7 3 (0.30%) GCFA
7 3 (0.30%) GCFE
7 3 (0.30%) GREM
7 3 (0.30%) Linux+ Certification
7 3 (0.30%) MCSE
7 3 (0.30%) PMI Certification
8 2 (0.20%) AWS Certification
8 2 (0.20%) CISSP
8 2 (0.20%) MOS
8 2 (0.20%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (6.69%) QA
2 55 (5.41%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.49%) SLA
4 3 (0.30%) EMIR
4 3 (0.30%) GDPR
4 3 (0.30%) MiFID
5 2 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.098%) CDISC
6 1 (0.098%) COBIT
6 1 (0.098%) NIST
6 1 (0.098%) PMO
6 1 (0.098%) WCAG
System Software
1 106 (10.43%) Docker
2 32 (3.15%) Active Directory
3 19 (1.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.79%) HDFS
5 5 (0.49%) Virtual Desktop
6 4 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.30%) Apache Flume
7 3 (0.30%) OpenAM
7 3 (0.30%) OpenDJ
7 3 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.20%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.098%) Terminal Server
9 1 (0.098%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 112 (11.02%) Terraform
2 84 (8.27%) Kubernetes
3 75 (7.38%) Opscode Chef
4 36 (3.54%) Puppet
5 25 (2.46%) Ansible
6 13 (1.28%) Grafana
7 10 (0.98%) Nessus
8 9 (0.89%) SCCM
9 6 (0.59%) Failover Clustering
10 5 (0.49%) Packer
10 5 (0.49%) SCOM
11 4 (0.39%) Prometheus
11 4 (0.39%) vCenter Server
12 3 (0.30%) EnCase
12 3 (0.30%) FTK
12 3 (0.30%) Kubeflow
12 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Intune
12 3 (0.30%) Nagios
12 3 (0.30%) Oracle RMAN
12 3 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 184 (18.11%) Microsoft
2 87 (8.56%) Nintex
3 65 (6.40%) Oracle
4 35 (3.44%) Databricks
5 26 (2.56%) Google
6 24 (2.36%) Talend
7 22 (2.17%) VMware
8 19 (1.87%) Informatica
9 15 (1.48%) QAD
10 14 (1.38%) Cloudera
10 14 (1.38%) SAP
11 11 (1.08%) ServiceNow
12 10 (0.98%) Red Hat
12 10 (0.98%) Sparx
13 7 (0.69%) Atlassian
13 7 (0.69%) Bloomberg
13 7 (0.69%) CA
14 6 (0.59%) Facebook
14 6 (0.59%) Fidessa
14 6 (0.59%) Salesforce.com