Period
to 23 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 886 1,713 2,297
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 20.45% 18.69% 22.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.87% 32.66% 35.43%
Number of salaries quoted 844 1,585 2,106
Median annual salary £68,500 £65,000 £62,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.38% +4.84% +7.83%
10th Percentile £41,975 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £92,500 £93,750 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £62,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +8.00% +4.17% +9.09%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,780 5,245 6,484
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 64.16% 57.24% 62.73%
Number of salaries quoted 2,512 4,652 5,940
Median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
10th Percentile £46,250 £43,013 £40,250
90th Percentile £110,000 £102,500 £96,250
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL in the City of London.

Salary trend for SQL in the City of London

SQL
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 January 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in the City of London

For the 6 months to 23 January 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for SQL.

1 374 (42.21%) Azure
2 315 (35.55%) Agile Software Development
3 309 (34.88%) Finance
4 300 (33.86%) Python
5 261 (29.46%) SQL Server
6 247 (27.88%) .NET
7 240 (27.09%) C#
8 222 (25.06%) JavaScript
9 207 (23.36%) Degree
10 201 (22.69%) DevOps
11 199 (22.46%) Microsoft
12 184 (20.77%) Business Intelligence
12 184 (20.77%) Power Platform
13 172 (19.41%) CSS
14 164 (18.51%) Java
15 145 (16.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 137 (15.46%) AWS
17 136 (15.35%) Test Automation
17 136 (15.35%) Microservices
18 134 (15.12%) OO
19 125 (14.11%) T-SQL
20 122 (13.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 122 (13.77%) Power BI
21 121 (13.66%) SharePoint
22 115 (12.98%) React
23 114 (12.87%) ETL
24 113 (12.75%) Analytical Skills
25 112 (12.64%) Computer Science
26 109 (12.30%) Analytics
27 106 (11.96%) Continuous Integration

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 121 (13.66%) SharePoint
2 46 (5.19%) Apache Spark
3 33 (3.72%) SAS
4 24 (2.71%) Apache
5 10 (1.13%) IIS
6 8 (0.90%) Confluence
7 5 (0.56%) Elasticsearch
7 5 (0.56%) nginx
8 4 (0.45%) MS Exchange
8 4 (0.45%) Skype for Business
9 3 (0.34%) CMS
9 3 (0.34%) IBM Notes
9 3 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
9 3 (0.34%) Tomcat
9 3 (0.34%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.23%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.23%) EPiServer
10 2 (0.23%) Mule
10 2 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.23%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 46 (5.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (1.35%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.56%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.45%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 93 (10.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (1.92%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 4 (0.45%) MoSes
4 3 (0.34%) iTrent
4 3 (0.34%) Northgate Housing
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle AGIS
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle Assets
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle EBS R12
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle Internet Expenses
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle iProcurement
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
4 3 (0.34%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.23%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.23%) SAP Business One
6 1 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.11%) Elite 3E
6 1 (0.11%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 374 (42.21%) Azure
2 184 (20.77%) Power Platform
3 137 (15.46%) AWS
4 80 (9.03%) PaaS
5 79 (8.92%) Dynamics 365
6 56 (6.32%) Azure Data Factory
7 52 (5.87%) Azure Active Directory
8 35 (3.95%) SaaS
9 31 (3.50%) Office 365
10 30 (3.39%) GCP
11 29 (3.27%) PowerApps
12 22 (2.48%) Serverless
13 13 (1.47%) Amazon S3
13 13 (1.47%) AWS Lambda
13 13 (1.47%) IaaS
14 12 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
14 12 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (1.13%) AWS CloudFormation
15 10 (1.13%) Azure Functions
15 10 (1.13%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.35%) Firewall
2 11 (1.24%) LAN
3 9 (1.02%) DNS
4 8 (0.90%) WAN
5 7 (0.79%) TCP/IP
6 4 (0.45%) DHCP
6 4 (0.45%) Skype
6 4 (0.45%) Unified Communications
7 3 (0.34%) FIX Connectivity
7 3 (0.34%) HTTP
7 3 (0.34%) Intrusion Detection
7 3 (0.34%) MPLS
7 3 (0.34%) VoIP
7 3 (0.34%) VPN
8 2 (0.23%) Internet
8 2 (0.23%) SAN
9 1 (0.11%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.11%) Remote Desktop
9 1 (0.11%) Software-Defined Networking
9 1 (0.11%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 261 (29.46%) SQL Server
2 145 (16.37%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 122 (13.77%) Power BI
3 122 (13.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 93 (10.50%) Data Warehouse
5 89 (10.05%) NoSQL
6 70 (7.90%) PostgreSQL
7 68 (7.67%) Tableau
8 63 (7.11%) Azure SQL Database
8 63 (7.11%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 58 (6.55%) Data Lake
10 54 (6.09%) Hadoop
10 54 (6.09%) MySQL
11 48 (5.42%) Big Data
12 34 (3.84%) Amazon Redshift
13 30 (3.39%) Relational Database
14 29 (3.27%) BusinessObjects
15 28 (3.16%) Oracle Database
16 23 (2.60%) Apache Hive
16 23 (2.60%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 77 (8.69%) Git (software)
2 68 (7.67%) Team Foundation Server
3 66 (7.45%) Jenkins
4 56 (6.32%) Visual Studio
5 51 (5.76%) Visual Studio Team System
6 43 (4.85%) JIRA
7 21 (2.37%) Bitbucket
8 18 (2.03%) Selenium
9 16 (1.81%) Maven
10 12 (1.35%) TeamCity
11 10 (1.13%) Artifactory
12 9 (1.02%) Cypress.io
13 7 (0.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 6 (0.68%) Eclipse
14 6 (0.68%) NUnit
15 5 (0.56%) Cucumber
15 5 (0.56%) GitLab
15 5 (0.56%) JUnit
16 4 (0.45%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
16 4 (0.45%) webpack
General
1 309 (34.88%) Finance
2 85 (9.59%) Banking
3 41 (4.63%) Private Banking
4 27 (3.05%) Advertising
4 27 (3.05%) Back Office
5 26 (2.93%) Front Office
6 20 (2.26%) Marketing
7 14 (1.58%) Legal
8 13 (1.47%) Games
9 12 (1.35%) Public Sector
10 11 (1.24%) Law
10 11 (1.24%) Retail
11 7 (0.79%) Housing Association
11 7 (0.79%) Investment Banking
12 6 (0.68%) Social Housing
13 5 (0.56%) Manufacturing
13 5 (0.56%) Telecoms
14 4 (0.45%) Electronics
15 3 (0.34%) French Language
15 3 (0.34%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 378 (42.66%) Developer
2 162 (18.28%) Analyst
3 100 (11.29%) Senior Developer
4 91 (10.27%) C# Developer
5 74 (8.35%) SQL Developer
6 73 (8.24%) Data Engineer
7 70 (7.90%) Azure Developer
8 68 (7.67%) Python Developer
9 59 (6.66%) .NET Developer
10 52 (5.87%) Lead Developer
11 50 (5.64%) Senior C# Developer
12 47 (5.30%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 46 (5.19%) Consultant
14 44 (4.97%) Architect
14 44 (4.97%) Data Analyst
15 39 (4.40%) C# .NET Developer
16 38 (4.29%) Business Analyst
17 35 (3.95%) Senior .NET Developer
18 34 (3.84%) Full Stack Developer
18 34 (3.84%) Senior SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 247 (27.88%) .NET
2 172 (19.41%) CSS
3 115 (12.98%) React
4 102 (11.51%) XML
5 98 (11.06%) jQuery
6 96 (10.84%) .NET Core
6 96 (10.84%) Web Services
7 94 (10.61%) HTML
8 90 (10.16%) .NET Framework
8 90 (10.16%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 88 (9.93%) ASP.NET Web API
10 79 (8.92%) Entity Framework
11 67 (7.56%) ASP.NET
12 56 (6.32%) AngularJS
13 44 (4.97%) WCF
14 43 (4.85%) Pandas
15 40 (4.51%) XSD
16 39 (4.40%) Django
17 38 (4.29%) REST
18 33 (3.72%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 113 (12.75%) Analytical Skills
2 70 (7.90%) N-Tier
3 45 (5.08%) Reinsurance
4 35 (3.95%) Equities
5 27 (3.05%) Hedge funds
6 23 (2.60%) Algorithms
7 21 (2.37%) Management Information System
8 19 (2.14%) Enterprise Software
8 19 (2.14%) Greenfield Project
9 17 (1.92%) Fixed Income
10 16 (1.81%) Data Structures
10 16 (1.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 15 (1.69%) Derivative
12 9 (1.02%) Data Centre
13 8 (0.90%) EPoS
13 8 (0.90%) Public Cloud
13 8 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
14 6 (0.68%) Client/Server
14 6 (0.68%) Replication
15 5 (0.56%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 85 (9.59%) Linux
2 65 (7.34%) Windows
3 35 (3.95%) Unix
4 19 (2.14%) Windows Server
5 5 (0.56%) Android
5 5 (0.56%) Apple iOS
6 3 (0.34%) CentOS
6 3 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
6 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
7 2 (0.23%) Debian
7 2 (0.23%) Solaris
8 1 (0.11%) Robot Operating System
8 1 (0.11%) VMS
8 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 315 (35.55%) Agile Software Development
2 201 (22.69%) DevOps
3 184 (20.77%) Business Intelligence
4 136 (15.35%) Microservices
4 136 (15.35%) Test Automation
5 134 (15.12%) OO
6 114 (12.87%) ETL
7 112 (12.64%) Computer Science
8 109 (12.30%) Analytics
9 106 (11.96%) Continuous Integration
10 99 (11.17%) CRM
11 97 (10.95%) Mentoring
11 97 (10.95%) MVC
12 95 (10.72%) Deployment Automation
13 91 (10.27%) Fintech
14 84 (9.48%) Scrum
15 83 (9.37%) SOA
16 82 (9.26%) TDD
17 79 (8.92%) SOLID
18 78 (8.80%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 300 (33.86%) Python
2 240 (27.09%) C#
3 222 (25.06%) JavaScript
4 164 (18.51%) Java
5 125 (14.11%) T-SQL
6 91 (10.27%) PowerShell
7 43 (4.85%) C++
8 42 (4.74%) R
9 28 (3.16%) PL/SQL
9 28 (3.16%) TypeScript
10 23 (2.60%) PHP
10 23 (2.60%) Scala
11 22 (2.48%) Shell Script
12 21 (2.37%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
13 18 (2.03%) Bash Shell
14 17 (1.92%) Kotlin
15 14 (1.58%) VB
16 13 (1.47%) Ruby
17 12 (1.35%) VB.NET
18 10 (1.13%) VBA
Qualifications
1 207 (23.36%) Degree
2 58 (6.55%) Computer Science Degree
3 9 (1.02%) MCSE
3 9 (1.02%) Microsoft Certification
3 9 (1.02%) PhD
4 5 (0.56%) Master's Degree
5 4 (0.45%) ISEB
5 4 (0.45%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
5 4 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
5 4 (0.45%) SC Cleared
5 4 (0.45%) Security Cleared
6 3 (0.34%) CCNA
6 3 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (0.34%) Linux+ Certification
7 1 (0.11%) A+ Certification
7 1 (0.11%) CISM
7 1 (0.11%) CISSP
7 1 (0.11%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.11%) MOS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (5.76%) QA
2 32 (3.61%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 5 (0.56%) SLA
5 2 (0.23%) MiFID
6 1 (0.11%) EMIR
6 1 (0.11%) GDPR
6 1 (0.11%) IFRS
6 1 (0.11%) PMO
6 1 (0.11%) WCAG
System Software
1 75 (8.47%) Docker
2 35 (3.95%) Active Directory
3 16 (1.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (1.13%) HDFS
5 7 (0.79%) Virtual Desktop
6 4 (0.45%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 3 (0.34%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.23%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.11%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 74 (8.35%) Terraform
2 56 (6.32%) Kubernetes
3 45 (5.08%) Puppet
4 37 (4.18%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (2.26%) Ansible
6 10 (1.13%) Control-M
7 8 (0.90%) Microsoft Intune
8 7 (0.79%) SCCM
9 6 (0.68%) Failover Clustering
10 5 (0.56%) Prometheus
10 5 (0.56%) vCenter Server
11 3 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
11 3 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
11 3 (0.34%) Microsoft Clustering
11 3 (0.34%) Nessus
11 3 (0.34%) Packer
11 3 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.34%) ZABBIX
12 2 (0.23%) Nagios
12 2 (0.23%) WSUS
Vendors
1 199 (22.46%) Microsoft
2 79 (8.92%) Oracle
3 58 (6.55%) Nintex
4 50 (5.64%) Databricks
5 30 (3.39%) Talend
6 21 (2.37%) VMware
7 19 (2.14%) Cloudera
7 19 (2.14%) Informatica
8 17 (1.92%) Sparx
9 15 (1.69%) Google
9 15 (1.69%) QAD
10 11 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
11 9 (1.02%) SAP
12 6 (0.68%) Bloomberg
12 6 (0.68%) Cisco
12 6 (0.68%) Citrix
13 5 (0.56%) Atlassian
13 5 (0.56%) ServiceNow
13 5 (0.56%) SolarWinds
13 5 (0.56%) Teradata