Period
to 21 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 21 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
21 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 59 51 49
Rank change year-on-year -8 -2 -6
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,601 2,238 4,079
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.78% 4.40% 4.67%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.42% 14.50% 14.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,212 1,597 2,643
10th Percentile £355 £365 £350
25th Percentile £438 £440 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £649 £625 £575
90th Percentile £713 £713 £638
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £490
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +3.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 18 55
10th Percentile £21.47 £17.97 £24.74
25th Percentile £22.95 £34.64 £40.56
Median hourly rate £34.25 £50.50 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year -32.18% +6.32% +11.76%
75th Percentile £51.88 £53.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £55.00 £57.09 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £50.50 £46.25
% change year-on-year -20.79% +9.19% +8.82%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,888 15,430 28,849
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.39% 30.34% 33.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,308 11,012 20,775
10th Percentile £331 £338 £331
25th Percentile £413 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £594 £588 £575
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
% change year-on-year - +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 148 143 253
10th Percentile £22.10 £18.98 £18.50
25th Percentile £31.25 £31.25 £27.50
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £44.18
Median % change year-on-year -2.17% +4.12% +7.76%
75th Percentile £57.50 £54.38 £52.50
90th Percentile £63.78 £73.00 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year -2.17% +5.75% +7.41%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 21 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 21 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -12 1,055 £550 - 240
South East -15 159 £450 -0.29% 99
North of England -6 114 £413 -8.33% 145
Midlands +6 78 £400 -15.79% 67
North West -6 70 £485 +2.11% 82
South West -20 69 £450 -14.29% 47
East of England -16 54 £438 -14.63% 43
West Midlands -15 49 £400 -17.95% 47
Yorkshire +15 38 £400 -11.11% 49
East Midlands +19 19 £400 +4.92% 20
North East +5 6 £525 +21.39% 14
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 21 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 910 (56.84%) Agile Software Development
2 773 (48.28%) AWS
3 696 (43.47%) JavaScript
4 638 (39.85%) Java
5 620 (38.73%) Finance
6 554 (34.60%) Software Engineering
7 465 (29.04%) React
8 453 (28.29%) Docker
9 450 (28.11%) Python
10 441 (27.55%) Azure
11 380 (23.74%) Asset Management
11 380 (23.74%) Kubernetes
12 371 (23.17%) Node.js
13 352 (21.99%) Front Office
14 345 (21.55%) SQL
15 334 (20.86%) Terraform
16 316 (19.74%) .NET
17 312 (19.49%) Serverless
18 309 (19.30%) REST
19 294 (18.36%) Investment Management
20 284 (17.74%) DevOps
21 282 (17.61%) Microservices
22 273 (17.05%) AngularJS
23 253 (15.80%) RESTful
24 237 (14.80%) HTML
25 234 (14.62%) GCP
26 228 (14.24%) C#
27 226 (14.12%) Git (software)
28 221 (13.80%) Amazon S3
28 221 (13.80%) SOAP

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (4.00%) Confluence
2 62 (3.87%) Apache Spark
2 62 (3.87%) Mule
3 59 (3.69%) Apache
4 51 (3.19%) CMS
5 49 (3.06%) Red Hat Fuse
6 42 (2.62%) JBoss
7 29 (1.81%) Tomcat
8 25 (1.56%) WebSphere
9 24 (1.50%) Anypoint
10 22 (1.37%) SharePoint
11 18 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 15 (0.94%) BizTalk Server
12 15 (0.94%) WebLogic
13 14 (0.87%) Jadu
14 13 (0.81%) Elasticsearch
15 12 (0.75%) IIS
15 12 (0.75%) Mule ESB
15 12 (0.75%) WordPress
16 11 (0.69%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 12 (0.75%) Chatbot
2 9 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.37%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 27 (1.69%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.87%) Magento
3 5 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.19%) Elite 3E
4 3 (0.19%) Minerva
4 3 (0.19%) SAP TEM
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
5 2 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
5 2 (0.12%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.062%) OpenText VIM for SAP
6 1 (0.062%) Remedy AR System
6 1 (0.062%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.062%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 773 (48.28%) AWS
2 441 (27.55%) Azure
3 312 (19.49%) Serverless
4 234 (14.62%) GCP
5 221 (13.80%) Amazon S3
6 219 (13.68%) AWS Lambda
7 169 (10.56%) Amazon SQS
8 148 (9.24%) AWS Step Functions
9 67 (4.18%) PaaS
10 56 (3.50%) Amazon EC2
11 54 (3.37%) Power Platform
12 52 (3.25%) GitHub
13 50 (3.12%) IaaS
14 49 (3.06%) SaaS
15 40 (2.50%) Microsoft 365
16 37 (2.31%) OpenShift
17 35 (2.19%) Cloud Computing
18 30 (1.87%) AWS CloudFormation
19 26 (1.62%) Azure Logic Apps
20 24 (1.50%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 94 (5.87%) HTTP
2 35 (2.19%) TCP/IP
3 24 (1.50%) DNS
4 20 (1.25%) Firewall
4 20 (1.25%) SSL
5 14 (0.87%) Internet
6 13 (0.81%) Broadband
6 13 (0.81%) Intranet
6 13 (0.81%) IPv4
6 13 (0.81%) IPv6
6 13 (0.81%) Network Security
7 12 (0.75%) Unified Communications
7 12 (0.75%) VPN
8 10 (0.62%) Ethernet
8 10 (0.62%) SMTP
9 7 (0.44%) FTP
10 6 (0.37%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
10 6 (0.37%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
10 6 (0.37%) OSPF
10 6 (0.37%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 196 (12.24%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 193 (12.05%) SQL Server
3 168 (10.49%) Amazon RDS
4 107 (6.68%) NoSQL
5 89 (5.56%) Relational Database
6 80 (5.00%) MongoDB
7 76 (4.75%) MySQL
8 72 (4.50%) PostgreSQL
9 47 (2.94%) Big Data
10 36 (2.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 30 (1.87%) Apache Ignite
11 30 (1.87%) Data Warehouse
12 29 (1.81%) Power BI
13 27 (1.69%) RDBMS
14 25 (1.56%) Apache Cassandra
15 23 (1.44%) Oracle Database
15 23 (1.44%) Redis
16 20 (1.25%) Flink
16 20 (1.25%) Hadoop
17 19 (1.19%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 226 (14.12%) Git (software)
2 200 (12.49%) Jenkins
3 135 (8.43%) JIRA
4 95 (5.93%) Maven
5 64 (4.00%) JUnit
6 58 (3.62%) Cucumber
7 51 (3.19%) Selenium
8 50 (3.12%) GitLab
9 46 (2.87%) Visual Studio
10 41 (2.56%) Subversion
11 33 (2.06%) Eclipse
12 30 (1.87%) Mockito
13 29 (1.81%) NetBeans
14 27 (1.69%) SoapUI
15 26 (1.62%) TeamCity
16 25 (1.56%) Gradle
17 24 (1.50%) Bitbucket
17 24 (1.50%) SonarQube
18 19 (1.19%) jMock
18 19 (1.19%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 620 (38.73%) Finance
2 352 (21.99%) Front Office
3 107 (6.68%) Banking
4 95 (5.93%) Public Sector
5 71 (4.43%) Marketing
6 63 (3.94%) Investment Banking
7 56 (3.50%) Telecoms
8 43 (2.69%) Retail
9 34 (2.12%) Manufacturing
10 31 (1.94%) Electronics
11 30 (1.87%) Law
12 16 (1.00%) Local Government
13 11 (0.69%) Games
13 11 (0.69%) Military
14 10 (0.62%) Aerospace
15 8 (0.50%) Legal
16 6 (0.37%) Billing
16 6 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
17 4 (0.25%) Advertising
17 4 (0.25%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 963 (60.15%) Developer
2 311 (19.43%) React Developer
3 207 (12.93%) Software Engineer
4 184 (11.49%) AWS Developer
5 168 (10.49%) Java Developer
6 148 (9.24%) Architect
7 147 (9.18%) JavaScript Developer
8 144 (8.99%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 127 (7.93%) Full Stack Developer
10 117 (7.31%) Senior Developer
11 93 (5.81%) Node.js Developer
11 93 (5.81%) Python Developer
12 76 (4.75%) .NET Developer
12 76 (4.75%) DevOps Engineer
12 76 (4.75%) Senior Java Developer
13 75 (4.68%) Designer
14 72 (4.50%) UX Designer
15 71 (4.43%) AWS Engineer
16 68 (4.25%) UI Developer
17 67 (4.18%) UX Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 465 (29.04%) React
2 371 (23.17%) Node.js
3 316 (19.74%) .NET
4 309 (19.30%) REST
5 273 (17.05%) AngularJS
6 253 (15.80%) RESTful
7 237 (14.80%) HTML
8 221 (13.80%) SOAP
9 220 (13.74%) XML
10 195 (12.18%) CSS
10 195 (12.18%) Spring
11 193 (12.05%) JSON
12 101 (6.31%) Vue.js
13 95 (5.93%) HTML5
14 89 (5.56%) React Native
15 87 (5.43%) Middleware
16 82 (5.12%) Spring Boot
17 74 (4.62%) Hibernate
18 67 (4.18%) Kafka
19 63 (3.94%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 116 (7.25%) User Experience
2 113 (7.06%) Fixed Income
3 104 (6.50%) Derivative
4 102 (6.37%) Equities
5 89 (5.56%) Analytical Skills
6 59 (3.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 54 (3.37%) Blog
8 47 (2.94%) Data Structures
9 39 (2.44%) Public Cloud
10 37 (2.31%) Hedge funds
11 33 (2.06%) Algorithms
12 31 (1.94%) Greenfield Project
13 30 (1.87%) Cloud Native
14 29 (1.81%) Management Information System
15 28 (1.75%) Mobile App
16 26 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
17 20 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
18 18 (1.12%) Social Media
19 14 (0.87%) Clustering
20 13 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 209 (13.05%) Linux
2 114 (7.12%) Windows
3 77 (4.81%) Unix
4 27 (1.69%) Apple iOS
4 27 (1.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 26 (1.62%) Android
6 15 (0.94%) Windows Server
7 8 (0.50%) CentOS
7 8 (0.50%) Windows 10
8 7 (0.44%) Ubuntu
9 4 (0.25%) AIX
9 4 (0.25%) zOS
10 2 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
10 2 (0.12%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.12%) Mac OS X
10 2 (0.12%) Solaris
10 2 (0.12%) SUSE
10 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2016
11 1 (0.062%) Kali Linux
11 1 (0.062%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 910 (56.84%) Agile Software Development
2 554 (34.60%) Software Engineering
3 380 (23.74%) Asset Management
4 294 (18.36%) Investment Management
5 284 (17.74%) DevOps
6 282 (17.61%) Microservices
7 200 (12.49%) Scrum
8 198 (12.37%) TDD
9 161 (10.06%) Continuous Integration
10 141 (8.81%) Test Automation
11 125 (7.81%) SOA
12 121 (7.56%) Open Source
13 119 (7.43%) BDD
14 112 (7.00%) SDLC
15 111 (6.93%) MVC
16 101 (6.31%) Migration
17 99 (6.18%) Problem-Solving
18 94 (5.87%) OO
19 92 (5.75%) Release Management
20 75 (4.68%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 696 (43.47%) JavaScript
2 638 (39.85%) Java
3 450 (28.11%) Python
4 345 (21.55%) SQL
5 228 (14.24%) C#
6 208 (12.99%) TypeScript
7 131 (8.18%) Kotlin
8 57 (3.56%) Java 8
8 57 (3.56%) PowerShell
9 56 (3.50%) C++
9 56 (3.50%) PHP
10 54 (3.37%) Scala
11 37 (2.31%) Ruby
12 36 (2.25%) Bash Shell
13 35 (2.19%) T-SQL
14 33 (2.06%) R
15 28 (1.75%) Apex Code
15 28 (1.75%) PL/SQL
16 27 (1.69%) Go
17 26 (1.62%) XPath
Qualifications
1 147 (9.18%) Degree
2 138 (8.62%) Security Cleared
3 130 (8.12%) SC Cleared
4 24 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (0.81%) AWS Certification
6 10 (0.62%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.44%) CISSP
8 6 (0.37%) CISM
8 6 (0.37%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 5 (0.31%) CCNA
9 5 (0.31%) CCNP
9 5 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
10 4 (0.25%) CCA
10 4 (0.25%) GIAC
10 4 (0.25%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.25%) RHCE
11 3 (0.19%) ISEB
11 3 (0.19%) ISTQB
11 3 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (4.68%) QA
2 23 (1.44%) GDPR
3 15 (0.94%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.69%) WCAG
5 6 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
5 6 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 4 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 4 (0.25%) NIST
6 4 (0.25%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.19%) SLA
8 2 (0.12%) GRC
8 2 (0.12%) MiFID
8 2 (0.12%) NCSC
9 1 (0.062%) COBIT
9 1 (0.062%) GLBA
9 1 (0.062%) GxP
9 1 (0.062%) PMO
9 1 (0.062%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 453 (28.29%) Docker
2 39 (2.44%) Active Directory
3 16 (1.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (0.31%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.12%) Postfix
7 1 (0.062%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.062%) GlusterFS
7 1 (0.062%) HDFS
7 1 (0.062%) LXC
7 1 (0.062%) Varnish
7 1 (0.062%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.062%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (0.062%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 380 (23.74%) Kubernetes
2 334 (20.86%) Terraform
3 83 (5.18%) Ansible
4 37 (2.31%) Puppet
5 30 (1.87%) Opscode Chef
6 22 (1.37%) Packer
7 16 (1.00%) Grafana
7 16 (1.00%) Single Sign-On
8 13 (0.81%) CloudHub
9 12 (0.75%) Kibana
9 12 (0.75%) Prometheus
10 10 (0.62%) Red Hat Satellite
11 6 (0.37%) HP ALM
11 6 (0.37%) Microsoft Intune
12 5 (0.31%) Istio
12 5 (0.31%) Red Hat Spacewalk
13 3 (0.19%) Galera Cluster
13 3 (0.19%) HP Fortify
13 3 (0.19%) SCCM
13 3 (0.19%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 195 (12.18%) Microsoft
2 172 (10.74%) Oracle
3 65 (4.06%) Salesforce.com
4 64 (4.00%) SAP
5 57 (3.56%) Google
6 51 (3.19%) MuleSoft
7 47 (2.94%) IBM
8 38 (2.37%) Red Hat
9 31 (1.94%) ServiceNow
10 28 (1.75%) Splunk
11 27 (1.69%) VMware
12 23 (1.44%) Bloomberg
13 22 (1.37%) Atlassian
14 19 (1.19%) Sybase
15 17 (1.06%) F5
16 16 (1.00%) hybris
16 16 (1.00%) Informatica
17 15 (0.94%) Dell
18 12 (0.75%) Hortonworks
19 11 (0.69%) Murex