Period
to 26 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 26 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 52 48 40
Rank change year-on-year -4 -8 -3
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,693 4,293 4,865
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.17% 4.74% 5.25%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.77% 13.74% 16.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,667 2,870 3,543
England median daily rate £510 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.00% +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £363 £340 £325
90th Percentile £675 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £500 £485 £464
% change year-on-year +3.09% +4.58% +6.61%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 53 43
England median hourly rate £48.42 £45.00 £43.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.60% +3.45% +2.35%
10th Percentile £31.70 £30.72 £21.25
90th Percentile £82.50 £62.13 £56.00
UK median hourly rate £44.98 £44.18 £43.50
% change year-on-year +1.81% +1.56% +1.75%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 19,551 31,234 30,035
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.29% 34.51% 32.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,635 22,191 21,631
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.10% +5.16% +11.11%
10th Percentile £331 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £630
UK median daily rate £490 £480 £463
% change year-on-year +2.08% +3.78% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 217 266 328
England median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% -
10th Percentile £20.18 £19.13 £18.18
90th Percentile £78.75 £58.75 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.52 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.37% +3.79% -

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 26 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 1,426 £540 +2.86% 414
South East -4 423 £465 +3.33% 195
North of England -16 304 £450 +5.88% 227
South West +5 222 £463 +2.86% 99
Midlands -10 189 £475 +5.56% 117
North West -20 154 £455 +7.06% 137
West Midlands -4 134 £475 +5.56% 73
East of England -33 117 £475 -5.05% 90
Yorkshire +15 106 £500 +17.65% 69
East Midlands -29 55 £400 -11.11% 44
North East -5 49 £425 -10.53% 21
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 26 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,374 (51.02%) Agile Software Development
2 1,147 (42.59%) AWS
3 1,117 (41.48%) Java
4 840 (31.19%) JavaScript
5 611 (22.69%) Azure
6 586 (21.76%) SQL
7 575 (21.35%) Finance
8 569 (21.13%) Microservices
9 552 (20.50%) C#
10 547 (20.31%) Python
11 542 (20.13%) DevOps
12 540 (20.05%) Git (software)
13 539 (20.01%) RESTful
14 530 (19.68%) Software Engineering
15 525 (19.49%) .NET
16 512 (19.01%) Scrum
17 508 (18.86%) REST
18 464 (17.23%) SOAP
19 446 (16.56%) TDD
20 442 (16.41%) Jenkins
21 427 (15.86%) XML
22 426 (15.82%) Security Cleared
23 410 (15.22%) HTML
24 403 (14.96%) Docker
25 385 (14.30%) AngularJS
26 375 (13.92%) SQL Server
26 375 (13.92%) Microsoft
27 374 (13.89%) CSS
28 372 (13.81%) Continuous Integration
29 351 (13.03%) Node.js

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 157 (5.83%) Confluence
2 74 (2.75%) SharePoint
3 69 (2.56%) Tomcat
4 64 (2.38%) Apache
5 60 (2.23%) Elasticsearch
6 47 (1.75%) CMS
7 37 (1.37%) Apache Spark
7 37 (1.37%) JBoss
8 34 (1.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 34 (1.26%) WebLogic
9 32 (1.19%) IIS
10 24 (0.89%) nginx
10 24 (0.89%) WebSphere
11 21 (0.78%) Mule
11 21 (0.78%) Red Hat Fuse
12 19 (0.71%) Jupyter
12 19 (0.71%) Oracle Workflow
13 16 (0.59%) BizTalk Server
14 15 (0.56%) OpenStack
14 15 (0.56%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 45 (1.67%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (0.89%) Microsoft Excel
3 19 (0.71%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.37%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.22%) GIMP
5 6 (0.22%) Zeplin
6 4 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.15%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.11%) InfoPath
8 2 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.074%) Microsoft Project
9 1 (0.037%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 41 (1.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 38 (1.41%) FINCAD Analytics
3 24 (0.89%) Magento
4 23 (0.85%) Remedy ITSM
5 16 (0.59%) BusinessWorks
6 14 (0.52%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 13 (0.48%) NetSuite
8 11 (0.41%) PolarLake
9 10 (0.37%) Markit EDM
10 8 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 7 (0.26%) PeopleSoft HCM
12 5 (0.19%) SAP ERP
13 4 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 4 (0.15%) SAP HR
13 4 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
14 3 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
14 3 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
14 3 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
14 3 (0.11%) SAP MDG
14 3 (0.11%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,147 (42.59%) AWS
2 611 (22.69%) Azure
3 214 (7.95%) GCP
4 204 (7.58%) Serverless
5 193 (7.17%) Amazon EC2
6 169 (6.28%) AWS Lambda
7 162 (6.02%) SaaS
8 159 (5.90%) Amazon S3
9 158 (5.87%) Amazon SQS
10 129 (4.79%) PaaS
11 114 (4.23%) GitHub
12 106 (3.94%) Office 365
13 99 (3.68%) OpenShift
14 94 (3.49%) IaaS
15 91 (3.38%) AWS CloudFormation
16 83 (3.08%) Amazon ECS
16 83 (3.08%) Cloud Computing
17 54 (2.01%) Power Platform
18 46 (1.71%) Azure Active Directory
19 42 (1.56%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 105 (3.90%) HTTP
2 96 (3.56%) TCP/IP
3 77 (2.86%) Internet
4 74 (2.75%) Firewall
5 73 (2.71%) VPN
6 52 (1.93%) DNS
7 41 (1.52%) Ethernet
8 37 (1.37%) SAN
9 34 (1.26%) Reverse Proxy
10 30 (1.11%) NAS
11 28 (1.04%) SNMP
12 22 (0.82%) WAN
13 20 (0.74%) SSL
14 17 (0.63%) Kerberos
15 16 (0.59%) LAN
15 16 (0.59%) Skype
16 15 (0.56%) VoIP
17 13 (0.48%) Network Security
18 12 (0.45%) Intranet
19 11 (0.41%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 375 (13.92%) SQL Server
2 220 (8.17%) PostgreSQL
3 205 (7.61%) Relational Database
4 204 (7.58%) MySQL
5 180 (6.68%) Amazon RDS
6 178 (6.61%) NoSQL
7 115 (4.27%) MongoDB
8 108 (4.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 108 (4.01%) RDBMS
9 101 (3.75%) Big Data
10 86 (3.19%) Amazon Redshift
11 83 (3.08%) Amazon Athena
12 74 (2.75%) Redis
13 69 (2.56%) Amazon Aurora
14 59 (2.19%) Apache Cassandra
15 54 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
16 45 (1.67%) Oracle Database
17 42 (1.56%) Power BI
18 38 (1.41%) Hadoop
19 37 (1.37%) DB2
Development Applications
1 540 (20.05%) Git (software)
2 442 (16.41%) Jenkins
3 270 (10.03%) JIRA
4 242 (8.99%) Maven
5 182 (6.76%) JUnit
6 159 (5.90%) Mockito
7 147 (5.46%) Selenium
8 111 (4.12%) Cucumber
9 102 (3.79%) Gradle
10 81 (3.01%) SonarQube
11 77 (2.86%) jMock
12 74 (2.75%) DbUnit
13 71 (2.64%) RStudio
14 68 (2.53%) Visual Studio
15 63 (2.34%) Artifactory
16 58 (2.15%) Visual Studio Team System
17 56 (2.08%) Team Foundation Server
18 49 (1.82%) GitLab
19 48 (1.78%) Eclipse
20 47 (1.75%) SoapUI
General
1 575 (21.35%) Finance
2 273 (10.14%) Front Office
3 201 (7.46%) Public Sector
4 155 (5.76%) Banking
5 75 (2.78%) Retail
6 74 (2.75%) Telecoms
7 73 (2.71%) Marketing
8 46 (1.71%) Manufacturing
9 38 (1.41%) Investment Banking
10 36 (1.34%) Games
10 36 (1.34%) Publishing
11 35 (1.30%) Aerospace
11 35 (1.30%) Back Office
12 33 (1.23%) Military
13 32 (1.19%) Electronics
14 14 (0.52%) Law
14 14 (0.52%) Legal
14 14 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
15 13 (0.48%) Billing
16 8 (0.30%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,455 (54.03%) Developer
2 443 (16.45%) Java Developer
3 320 (11.88%) Architect
4 201 (7.46%) .NET Developer
5 180 (6.68%) AWS Developer
5 180 (6.68%) Software Engineer
6 176 (6.54%) Senior Developer
7 132 (4.90%) AWS Engineer
8 126 (4.68%) Solutions Architect
9 122 (4.53%) DevOps Engineer
10 102 (3.79%) C# Developer
11 97 (3.60%) Java Engineer
12 96 (3.56%) Analyst
13 91 (3.38%) Consultant
14 87 (3.23%) React Developer
15 86 (3.19%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 84 (3.12%) Python Developer
17 80 (2.97%) Lead Developer
18 79 (2.93%) Java Software Developer
18 79 (2.93%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 539 (20.01%) RESTful
2 525 (19.49%) .NET
3 508 (18.86%) REST
4 464 (17.23%) SOAP
5 427 (15.86%) XML
6 410 (15.22%) HTML
7 385 (14.30%) AngularJS
8 374 (13.89%) CSS
9 351 (13.03%) Node.js
10 346 (12.85%) Spring
11 308 (11.44%) React
12 277 (10.29%) JSON
13 255 (9.47%) J2EE
14 180 (6.68%) ASP.NET
15 136 (5.05%) HTML5
16 122 (4.53%) Spring Boot
17 114 (4.23%) Hibernate
18 112 (4.16%) .NET Core
19 103 (3.82%) jQuery
20 91 (3.38%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 241 (8.95%) Fixed Income
2 211 (7.84%) Derivative
3 199 (7.39%) Greenfield Project
4 194 (7.20%) Analytical Skills
5 146 (5.42%) User Experience
6 145 (5.38%) Equities
7 137 (5.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 105 (3.90%) Enterprise Software
8 105 (3.90%) Hedge funds
9 84 (3.12%) Public Cloud
10 76 (2.82%) Blog
11 64 (2.38%) Data Structures
12 54 (2.01%) Mobile App
13 48 (1.78%) Algorithms
13 48 (1.78%) Equity Derivative
14 40 (1.49%) Management Information System
15 38 (1.41%) Replication
16 37 (1.37%) Hybrid Cloud
17 35 (1.30%) Reference Data
18 27 (1.00%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 349 (12.96%) Linux
2 229 (8.50%) Windows
3 112 (4.16%) Unix
4 47 (1.75%) Windows Server
5 38 (1.41%) Apple iOS
6 36 (1.34%) Android
7 28 (1.04%) Windows Server 2012
8 27 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 24 (0.89%) Windows 10
10 23 (0.85%) Windows Server 2008
11 13 (0.48%) Mac OS
12 11 (0.41%) Debian
12 11 (0.41%) tvOS
13 10 (0.37%) Windows Server 2003
14 9 (0.33%) Ubuntu
15 8 (0.30%) Windows 2000
16 7 (0.26%) HPUX
17 4 (0.15%) CentOS
18 3 (0.11%) Mac OS X
18 3 (0.11%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,374 (51.02%) Agile Software Development
2 569 (21.13%) Microservices
3 542 (20.13%) DevOps
4 530 (19.68%) Software Engineering
5 512 (19.01%) Scrum
6 446 (16.56%) TDD
7 372 (13.81%) Continuous Integration
8 308 (11.44%) Test Automation
9 295 (10.95%) Asset Management
10 293 (10.88%) BDD
11 277 (10.29%) Open Source
12 221 (8.21%) SOA
13 217 (8.06%) MVC
14 213 (7.91%) Problem-Solving
15 200 (7.43%) Migration
16 199 (7.39%) Kanban
17 192 (7.13%) Analytics
18 174 (6.46%) SDLC
19 168 (6.24%) Unit Testing
20 165 (6.13%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,117 (41.48%) Java
2 840 (31.19%) JavaScript
3 586 (21.76%) SQL
4 552 (20.50%) C#
5 547 (20.31%) Python
6 169 (6.28%) C++
7 157 (5.83%) R
8 118 (4.38%) Java 8
9 112 (4.16%) PHP
10 101 (3.75%) PowerShell
11 100 (3.71%) TypeScript
12 95 (3.53%) Ruby
13 72 (2.67%) Scala
14 67 (2.49%) Kotlin
15 59 (2.19%) PL/SQL
15 59 (2.19%) Shell Script
16 56 (2.08%) Bash Shell
17 54 (2.01%) Groovy
18 49 (1.82%) Perl
19 46 (1.71%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 426 (15.82%) Security Cleared
2 342 (12.70%) SC Cleared
3 217 (8.06%) Degree
4 52 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (1.45%) CISSP
6 29 (1.08%) AWS Certification
7 28 (1.04%) ISTQB
8 25 (0.93%) CISM
8 25 (0.93%) ISEB
9 23 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
9 23 (0.85%) DV Cleared
10 19 (0.71%) BC Cleared
11 17 (0.63%) Microsoft Certification
12 14 (0.52%) TOGAF Certification
13 11 (0.41%) CCA
14 9 (0.33%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 9 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
15 8 (0.30%) DBS Check
16 7 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
16 7 (0.26%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 101 (3.75%) QA
2 43 (1.60%) GDPR
3 24 (0.89%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.89%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 24 (0.89%) PCI DSS
4 23 (0.85%) SLA
5 14 (0.52%) COBIT
5 14 (0.52%) NCSC
6 11 (0.41%) ISO 20022
7 10 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 10 (0.37%) TARGET2
8 7 (0.26%) NIST
9 6 (0.22%) GxP
10 5 (0.19%) RMADS
10 5 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 4 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
12 3 (0.11%) JSP 440
12 3 (0.11%) SEPA
13 1 (0.037%) HL7
13 1 (0.037%) WCAG
System Software
1 403 (14.96%) Docker
2 106 (3.94%) Active Directory
3 52 (1.93%) Postfix
4 51 (1.89%) VMware Infrastructure
5 22 (0.82%) vSphere
6 21 (0.78%) Virtual Machines
7 14 (0.52%) NDS
7 14 (0.52%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 12 (0.45%) Virtual Servers
9 7 (0.26%) VirtualBox
10 6 (0.22%) NFS
11 5 (0.19%) GridGain
11 5 (0.19%) zsh
12 4 (0.15%) Hyper-V
12 4 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.15%) XenApp
13 3 (0.11%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.11%) Citrix Presentation Server
14 2 (0.074%) VMware NSX
15 1 (0.037%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 284 (10.55%) Kubernetes
2 218 (8.10%) Terraform
3 132 (4.90%) Ansible
4 65 (2.41%) Puppet
5 54 (2.01%) Single Sign-On
6 51 (1.89%) Opscode Chef
7 33 (1.23%) Packer
8 30 (1.11%) Amdocs OSS
9 23 (0.85%) Netcool
9 23 (0.85%) Netcool/OMNIbus
10 16 (0.59%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 15 (0.56%) Kibana
11 15 (0.56%) Microsoft Intune
12 13 (0.48%) SCCM
13 10 (0.37%) HAProxy
14 9 (0.33%) CASB
15 8 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
15 8 (0.30%) logstash
15 8 (0.30%) Prometheus
15 8 (0.30%) SCOM
Vendors
1 375 (13.92%) Microsoft
2 301 (11.18%) Oracle
3 159 (5.90%) Google
4 94 (3.49%) ServiceNow
5 88 (3.27%) SAP
6 71 (2.64%) VMware
7 61 (2.27%) Salesforce.com
8 55 (2.04%) IBM
9 54 (2.01%) Cisco
10 47 (1.75%) Red Hat
11 45 (1.67%) Atlassian
12 41 (1.52%) Sybase
13 35 (1.30%) Remedy
14 34 (1.26%) Adobe
14 34 (1.26%) MuleSoft
15 33 (1.23%) Dell
16 30 (1.11%) Apple
16 30 (1.11%) Cramer
16 30 (1.11%) hybris
17 29 (1.08%) TIBCO