Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 47 43 42
Rank change year-on-year -4 -1 -8
Contract jobs citing Web Services 3,873 4,561 4,071
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.67% 4.98% 4.82%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.28% 14.75% 14.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,410 3,166 2,717
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £363 £330 £313
90th Percentile £638 £606 £588
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +4.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 45 52
England median hourly rate £48.40 £35.00 £43.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.29% -19.08% +1.17%
10th Percentile £33.84 £21.25 £22.75
90th Percentile £60.00 £72.50 £61.27
UK median hourly rate £46.67 £35.00 £43.50
% change year-on-year +33.34% -19.54% +1.75%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 27,121 30,925 27,166
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.67% 33.79% 32.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,120 21,932 18,872
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £340 £315 £306
90th Percentile £650 £631 £614
UK median daily rate £490 £470 £445
% change year-on-year +4.26% +5.62% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 285 333 355
England median hourly rate £44.00 £42.27 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.11% +2.46% +8.55%
10th Percentile £18.50 £16.25 £17.70
90th Percentile £60.00 £62.00 £53.90
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.13 £41.13
% change year-on-year +0.89% +2.43% +9.67%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 1,922 £525 +5.00% 98
South East -12 596 £438 -2.78% 52
North of England -2 476 £425 +3.03% 55
Midlands +4 323 £475 +12.43% 39
South West +2 268 £450 +5.88% 36
East of England -1 258 £485 -5.37% 29
North West -7 251 £425 +3.03% 35
West Midlands +2 208 £475 +5.56% 25
Yorkshire +7 161 £450 +5.88% 14
East Midlands -3 101 £450 +13.92% 14
North East +23 64 £425 +6.25% 6
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,983 (51.20%) Agile Software Development
2 1,624 (41.93%) Java
3 1,324 (34.19%) Amazon AWS
4 1,239 (31.99%) JavaScript
5 909 (23.47%) C#
6 870 (22.46%) DevOps
7 863 (22.28%) .NET
8 860 (22.21%) SOAP
9 852 (22.00%) REST
10 850 (21.95%) TDD
11 837 (21.61%) RESTful
12 817 (21.09%) SQL
13 808 (20.86%) Finance
14 791 (20.42%) Scrum
15 762 (19.67%) HTML
16 735 (18.98%) XML
17 733 (18.93%) Git (software)
18 731 (18.87%) Jenkins
19 658 (16.99%) CSS
20 657 (16.96%) Microservices
21 642 (16.58%) Microsoft Azure
22 639 (16.50%) Continuous Integration
23 638 (16.47%) Test Automation
24 628 (16.21%) Docker
25 580 (14.98%) Python
26 572 (14.77%) SQL Server
27 541 (13.97%) Spring
28 529 (13.66%) JSON
29 528 (13.63%) Linux
30 517 (13.35%) Microsoft

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 195 (5.03%) Confluence
2 134 (3.46%) SharePoint
3 132 (3.41%) Tomcat
4 122 (3.15%) Apache
5 113 (2.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 109 (2.81%) WebSphere
7 101 (2.61%) JBoss
8 100 (2.58%) Mule
9 85 (2.19%) CMS
10 78 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
11 76 (1.96%) IIS
12 73 (1.88%) Oracle Service Bus
13 53 (1.37%) Apache Spark
14 51 (1.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 44 (1.14%) WebLogic
16 42 (1.08%) nginx
17 37 (0.96%) BizTalk Server
18 31 (0.80%) SharePoint 2013
19 26 (0.67%) SharePoint 2010
20 23 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 56 (1.45%) Microsoft Office
2 42 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.46%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 6 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 5 (0.13%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.052%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.052%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.026%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.026%) GIMP
8 1 (0.026%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 115 (2.97%) Dynamics CRM
2 24 (0.62%) Remedy ITSM
3 19 (0.49%) Oracle BPM
4 18 (0.46%) Magento
5 17 (0.44%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 13 (0.34%) Dynamics NAV
6 13 (0.34%) Workday HCM
7 12 (0.31%) Adobe Campaign
7 12 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
8 10 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
9 8 (0.21%) SDL Web 8
10 7 (0.18%) SAP FI
11 6 (0.15%) Oracle CRM
11 6 (0.15%) Oracle CRM On Demand
12 5 (0.13%) NetSuite
13 4 (0.10%) VisionPLUS
14 3 (0.077%) assyst
14 3 (0.077%) Maximo
14 3 (0.077%) Oracle EBS
14 3 (0.077%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,324 (34.19%) Amazon AWS
2 642 (16.58%) Microsoft Azure
3 313 (8.08%) Serverless
4 301 (7.77%) Amazon EC2
5 258 (6.66%) AWS Lambda
6 250 (6.45%) Amazon S3
7 181 (4.67%) Google Cloud Platform
8 166 (4.29%) AWS CloudFormation
9 164 (4.23%) Amazon SQS
10 146 (3.77%) SaaS
11 144 (3.72%) OpenShift
12 125 (3.23%) GitHub
13 118 (3.05%) Amazon ECS
14 112 (2.89%) Office 365
15 93 (2.40%) PaaS
16 78 (2.01%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
17 70 (1.81%) Dynamics 365
18 63 (1.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 50 (1.29%) Power Platform
20 45 (1.16%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 115 (2.97%) HTTP
2 105 (2.71%) TCP/IP
3 83 (2.14%) Firewall
4 75 (1.94%) Internet
5 59 (1.52%) DNS
6 55 (1.42%) VPN
7 47 (1.21%) SSL
8 38 (0.98%) Ethernet
9 35 (0.90%) WAN
10 31 (0.80%) FTP
11 30 (0.77%) Network Security
12 26 (0.67%) LAN
13 24 (0.62%) DHCP
14 21 (0.54%) SMTP
15 16 (0.41%) Reverse Proxy
15 16 (0.41%) SSH
16 15 (0.39%) IPsec
16 15 (0.39%) SAN
17 14 (0.36%) DMZ
17 14 (0.36%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 572 (14.77%) SQL Server
2 261 (6.74%) Relational Database
3 252 (6.51%) NoSQL
4 238 (6.15%) Amazon RDS
5 221 (5.71%) MongoDB
6 195 (5.03%) MySQL
7 187 (4.83%) PostgreSQL
8 155 (4.00%) Amazon Redshift
9 128 (3.30%) Big Data
10 109 (2.81%) Apache Cassandra
11 100 (2.58%) RDBMS
12 95 (2.45%) Hadoop
13 85 (2.19%) Data Warehouse
14 77 (1.99%) Oracle Database
15 70 (1.81%) DB2
16 66 (1.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 55 (1.42%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 50 (1.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 44 (1.14%) Redis
20 42 (1.08%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 733 (18.93%) Git (software)
2 731 (18.87%) Jenkins
3 386 (9.97%) JIRA
4 353 (9.11%) Maven
5 302 (7.80%) Selenium
6 265 (6.84%) JUnit
7 216 (5.58%) Visual Studio
8 206 (5.32%) Cucumber
9 161 (4.16%) Bitbucket
10 154 (3.98%) Team Foundation Server
11 142 (3.67%) Artifactory
12 135 (3.49%) TeamCity
13 127 (3.28%) Mockito
14 121 (3.12%) Eclipse
15 118 (3.05%) SonarQube
16 117 (3.02%) GitLab
17 110 (2.84%) Subversion
18 86 (2.22%) SoapUI
19 85 (2.19%) JMeter
20 83 (2.14%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 808 (20.86%) Finance
2 287 (7.41%) Banking
3 187 (4.83%) Marketing
4 164 (4.23%) Telecoms
5 151 (3.90%) Front Office
6 142 (3.67%) Retail
7 121 (3.12%) Manufacturing
8 98 (2.53%) Electronics
9 40 (1.03%) Aerospace
10 38 (0.98%) Games
11 37 (0.96%) Financial Institution
12 33 (0.85%) Law
12 33 (0.85%) Legal
12 33 (0.85%) Military
13 31 (0.80%) Investment Banking
14 28 (0.72%) Back Office
15 25 (0.65%) Publishing
16 24 (0.62%) Billing
17 19 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
18 14 (0.36%) German Language
Job Titles
1 2,109 (54.45%) Developer
2 636 (16.42%) Java Developer
3 482 (12.45%) Architect
4 331 (8.55%) Senior Developer
5 291 (7.51%) .NET Developer
6 246 (6.35%) DevOps Engineer
7 226 (5.84%) AWS Developer
8 209 (5.40%) AWS Engineer
9 169 (4.36%) C# Developer
10 152 (3.92%) Senior Java Developer
11 147 (3.80%) Analyst
11 147 (3.80%) Lead Developer
12 137 (3.54%) Full Stack Developer
12 137 (3.54%) Solutions Architect
13 121 (3.12%) Python Developer
13 121 (3.12%) Software Engineer
13 121 (3.12%) Tester
14 120 (3.10%) Angular Developer
15 118 (3.05%) JavaScript Developer
16 115 (2.97%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 863 (22.28%) .NET
2 860 (22.21%) SOAP
3 852 (22.00%) REST
4 837 (21.61%) RESTful
5 762 (19.67%) HTML
6 735 (18.98%) XML
7 658 (16.99%) CSS
8 541 (13.97%) Spring
9 529 (13.66%) JSON
10 444 (11.46%) AngularJS
11 391 (10.10%) Node.js
12 362 (9.35%) ASP.NET
13 323 (8.34%) J2EE
14 289 (7.46%) React
15 286 (7.38%) HTML5
16 263 (6.79%) .NET Framework
17 239 (6.17%) ASP.NET Web API
18 234 (6.04%) jQuery
19 208 (5.37%) Middleware
19 208 (5.37%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 224 (5.78%) Greenfield Project
2 193 (4.98%) Analytical Skills
3 167 (4.31%) Enterprise Software
4 140 (3.61%) User Experience
5 121 (3.12%) Mobile App
6 110 (2.84%) Fixed Income
7 106 (2.74%) Public Cloud
8 61 (1.58%) Data Structures
9 50 (1.29%) Virtual Team
10 48 (1.24%) Algorithms
11 47 (1.21%) Self-Motivation
12 43 (1.11%) Derivative
13 42 (1.08%) Management Information System
14 34 (0.88%) Data Centre
15 33 (0.85%) Video on Demand
16 30 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
17 28 (0.72%) Hybrid Cloud
18 27 (0.70%) Hedge funds
19 26 (0.67%) Cloud Native
19 26 (0.67%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 528 (13.63%) Linux
2 328 (8.47%) Windows
3 181 (4.67%) Unix
4 86 (2.22%) Android
5 79 (2.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 79 (2.04%) Windows Server
6 65 (1.68%) Apple iOS
7 21 (0.54%) CentOS
8 18 (0.46%) Windows Server 2012
9 17 (0.44%) tvOS
10 15 (0.39%) Mac OS
11 13 (0.34%) Debian
11 13 (0.34%) Solaris
12 10 (0.26%) Mac OS X
12 10 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
13 7 (0.18%) Ubuntu
14 6 (0.15%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.10%) SUSE
16 3 (0.077%) AIX
17 2 (0.052%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,983 (51.20%) Agile Software Development
2 870 (22.46%) DevOps
3 850 (21.95%) TDD
4 791 (20.42%) Scrum
5 657 (16.96%) Microservices
6 639 (16.50%) Continuous Integration
7 638 (16.47%) Test Automation
8 479 (12.37%) BDD
9 469 (12.11%) Software Engineering
10 407 (10.51%) MVC
11 354 (9.14%) Open Source
12 335 (8.65%) SOA
13 329 (8.49%) Kanban
14 274 (7.07%) OO
15 263 (6.79%) Problem-Solving
16 261 (6.74%) Unit Testing
17 235 (6.07%) E-Commerce
18 228 (5.89%) Asset Management
19 221 (5.71%) Migration
20 219 (5.65%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 1,624 (41.93%) Java
2 1,239 (31.99%) JavaScript
3 909 (23.47%) C#
4 817 (21.09%) SQL
5 580 (14.98%) Python
6 221 (5.71%) Java 8
7 155 (4.00%) PowerShell
8 135 (3.49%) C++
9 126 (3.25%) Ruby
10 117 (3.02%) PHP
11 109 (2.81%) Groovy
12 106 (2.74%) TypeScript
13 103 (2.66%) Scala
14 91 (2.35%) Bash Shell
14 91 (2.35%) PL/SQL
15 81 (2.09%) T-SQL
16 76 (1.96%) Shell Script
17 69 (1.78%) ES6
18 67 (1.73%) C
19 65 (1.68%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 279 (7.20%) Security Cleared
2 250 (6.45%) Degree
3 230 (5.94%) SC Cleared
4 82 (2.12%) AWS Certification
5 52 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
6 44 (1.14%) RHCE
7 36 (0.93%) ISTQB
8 30 (0.77%) ISEB
9 27 (0.70%) CISSP
9 27 (0.70%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
11 25 (0.65%) ITIL Certification
12 24 (0.62%) Master's Degree
13 21 (0.54%) CISM
14 20 (0.52%) Microsoft Certification
15 17 (0.44%) CCA
15 17 (0.44%) DBS Check
16 13 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
16 13 (0.34%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 12 (0.31%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 240 (6.20%) QA
2 53 (1.37%) PCI DSS
3 44 (1.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 42 (1.08%) GDPR
5 36 (0.93%) NIST
6 30 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 29 (0.75%) SLA
8 24 (0.62%) Data Quality
9 10 (0.26%) SEPA
10 8 (0.21%) NCSC
11 7 (0.18%) HL7
12 6 (0.15%) HIPAA
12 6 (0.15%) HMG Infosec
12 6 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 6 (0.15%) JSP 440
12 6 (0.15%) PMO
12 6 (0.15%) PSD2
12 6 (0.15%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 5 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
13 5 (0.13%) GxP
System Software
1 628 (16.21%) Docker
2 131 (3.38%) Active Directory
3 67 (1.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 49 (1.27%) vSphere
5 25 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
6 23 (0.59%) Hyper-V
7 19 (0.49%) HDFS
8 17 (0.44%) Apache Flume
8 17 (0.44%) Postfix
9 9 (0.23%) Virtual Servers
10 8 (0.21%) Squid
10 8 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.21%) XenApp
11 7 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.18%) Snort
11 7 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
12 6 (0.15%) LXC
12 6 (0.15%) RACF
13 5 (0.13%) Shibboleth
14 4 (0.10%) Slurm Workload Manager
Systems Management
1 444 (11.46%) Kubernetes
2 346 (8.93%) Terraform
3 281 (7.26%) Ansible
4 208 (5.37%) Puppet
5 176 (4.54%) Opscode Chef
6 42 (1.08%) Single Sign-On
7 36 (0.93%) Kibana
8 35 (0.90%) Packer
9 28 (0.72%) Amdocs OSS
10 25 (0.65%) SELinux
11 24 (0.62%) Grafana
12 23 (0.59%) logstash
12 23 (0.59%) Mesos
13 21 (0.54%) SCCM
14 14 (0.36%) HP ALM
14 14 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
14 14 (0.36%) Marathon
15 13 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
15 13 (0.34%) HAProxy
16 12 (0.31%) Salt
Vendors
1 517 (13.35%) Microsoft
2 467 (12.06%) Oracle
3 198 (5.11%) Google
4 191 (4.93%) SAP
5 121 (3.12%) Salesforce.com
6 115 (2.97%) Splunk
7 104 (2.69%) Red Hat
8 95 (2.45%) IBM
9 94 (2.43%) WSO2
10 93 (2.40%) VMware
11 79 (2.04%) ServiceNow
12 71 (1.83%) MuleSoft
13 66 (1.70%) Atlassian
14 64 (1.65%) Adobe
15 42 (1.08%) Talend
16 38 (0.98%) Dell
17 36 (0.93%) Qualys
18 34 (0.88%) Cisco
18 34 (0.88%) HP
19 32 (0.83%) hybris