Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 54 45 42
Rank change year-on-year -9 -3 -6
Contract jobs citing Web Services 3,285 4,609 4,590
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.24% 4.88% 5.02%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.63% 13.79% 15.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,985 3,161 3,192
England median daily rate £500 £485 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% +2.86%
10th Percentile £363 £340 £325
90th Percentile £645 £623 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 39 34 59
England median hourly rate £50.00 £43.75 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.29% +6.71% -3.53%
10th Percentile £35.00 £24.77 £24.25
90th Percentile £82.50 £91.53 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £49.21 £42.50 £40.50
% change year-on-year +15.79% +4.94% -4.71%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 24,101 33,413 29,723
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.13% 35.39% 32.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,989 23,766 21,023
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £340 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £499 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 303 355
England median hourly rate £44.28 £41.77 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.03% +4.41% +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.17 £16.40 £18.60
90th Percentile £73.75 £57.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £43.25 £41.61 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.94% +4.03% +6.67%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 1,693 £525 - 397
South East -15 527 £450 - 213
North of England -15 329 £438 +6.06% 231
South West +16 258 £450 - 116
Midlands -9 252 £475 +15.15% 111
East of England -22 215 £450 -14.29% 94
West Midlands -3 165 £475 +11.76% 66
North West -30 156 £438 +6.71% 130
Yorkshire +3 129 £475 +11.76% 67
East Midlands -16 77 £410 +2.50% 44
North East +2 44 £425 +3.03% 34
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,617 (49.22%) Agile Software Development
2 1,314 (40.00%) Java
3 1,221 (37.17%) AWS
4 985 (29.98%) JavaScript
5 729 (22.19%) C#
6 710 (21.61%) .NET
7 683 (20.79%) Finance
8 674 (20.52%) SQL
9 670 (20.40%) Azure
10 661 (20.12%) Microservices
11 633 (19.27%) DevOps
12 614 (18.69%) RESTful
13 602 (18.33%) Scrum
14 596 (18.14%) Python
15 594 (18.08%) Git (software)
16 591 (17.99%) REST
17 586 (17.84%) TDD
18 563 (17.14%) SOAP
19 554 (16.86%) Jenkins
20 541 (16.47%) Continuous Integration
21 539 (16.41%) Docker
22 537 (16.35%) XML
23 520 (15.83%) Microsoft
24 515 (15.68%) HTML
25 508 (15.46%) Software Engineering
26 464 (14.12%) Linux
27 462 (14.06%) SQL Server
28 449 (13.67%) CSS
29 420 (12.79%) Test Automation
30 387 (11.78%) Spring

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 189 (5.75%) Confluence
2 127 (3.87%) SharePoint
3 98 (2.98%) Apache
4 68 (2.07%) Tomcat
5 65 (1.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 59 (1.80%) IIS
7 55 (1.67%) Apache Spark
8 54 (1.64%) JBoss
9 50 (1.52%) Elasticsearch
10 41 (1.25%) WebLogic
10 41 (1.25%) WebSphere
11 40 (1.22%) Mule
12 39 (1.19%) CMS
13 28 (0.85%) Oracle Service Bus
14 25 (0.76%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 25 (0.76%) MS Exchange
15 22 (0.67%) SharePoint 2013
16 21 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
16 21 (0.64%) Jupyter
16 21 (0.64%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 74 (2.25%) Microsoft Office
2 33 (1.00%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (0.64%) MS Visio
4 11 (0.33%) Photoshop
5 9 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 7 (0.21%) GIMP
6 7 (0.21%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.061%) Adobe Illustrator
7 2 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.061%) Zeplin
8 1 (0.030%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.030%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 75 (2.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.67%) Magento
3 21 (0.64%) FINCAD Analytics
4 17 (0.52%) Remedy ITSM
5 15 (0.46%) Adobe Campaign
5 15 (0.46%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 11 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
6 11 (0.33%) Markit EDM
6 11 (0.33%) PolarLake
7 10 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
7 10 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle Assets
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle Internet Expenses
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
8 8 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
9 7 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
9 7 (0.21%) Oracle iProcurement
9 7 (0.21%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 7 (0.21%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,221 (37.17%) AWS
2 670 (20.40%) Azure
3 254 (7.73%) Serverless
4 226 (6.88%) Amazon EC2
5 199 (6.06%) AWS Lambda
6 188 (5.72%) Amazon S3
7 158 (4.81%) SaaS
8 153 (4.66%) Office 365
9 148 (4.51%) GCP
10 147 (4.47%) GitHub
11 139 (4.23%) Amazon SQS
12 133 (4.05%) PaaS
13 115 (3.50%) OpenShift
14 112 (3.41%) AWS CloudFormation
15 103 (3.14%) IaaS
16 87 (2.65%) Cloud Computing
17 85 (2.59%) Amazon ECS
18 67 (2.04%) Power Platform
19 61 (1.86%) Azure Active Directory
20 58 (1.77%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 130 (3.96%) TCP/IP
2 102 (3.11%) HTTP
3 100 (3.04%) Firewall
4 98 (2.98%) Internet
5 96 (2.92%) VPN
6 69 (2.10%) DNS
7 49 (1.49%) Reverse Proxy
8 46 (1.40%) SAN
9 45 (1.37%) Ethernet
10 41 (1.25%) NAS
11 34 (1.04%) SSL
12 27 (0.82%) WAN
13 22 (0.67%) FTP
14 21 (0.64%) LAN
15 18 (0.55%) DHCP
16 17 (0.52%) Network Security
17 16 (0.49%) Skype
18 15 (0.46%) VoIP
19 14 (0.43%) SMTP
19 14 (0.43%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 462 (14.06%) SQL Server
2 222 (6.76%) PostgreSQL
3 216 (6.58%) MySQL
4 199 (6.06%) Relational Database
5 181 (5.51%) Amazon RDS
6 176 (5.36%) NoSQL
7 124 (3.77%) Big Data
8 121 (3.68%) MongoDB
9 108 (3.29%) Amazon Redshift
10 93 (2.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 77 (2.34%) Data Warehouse
12 75 (2.28%) Oracle Database
12 75 (2.28%) RDBMS
13 72 (2.19%) Amazon Athena
14 61 (1.86%) Amazon Aurora
15 58 (1.77%) Hadoop
16 50 (1.52%) Power BI
17 46 (1.40%) Apache Cassandra
18 42 (1.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 41 (1.25%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 594 (18.08%) Git (software)
2 554 (16.86%) Jenkins
3 307 (9.35%) JIRA
4 241 (7.34%) Maven
5 227 (6.91%) Selenium
6 213 (6.48%) JUnit
7 149 (4.54%) Cucumber
8 136 (4.14%) Visual Studio
9 133 (4.05%) Mockito
10 106 (3.23%) Bitbucket
11 103 (3.14%) Team Foundation Server
12 89 (2.71%) Eclipse
13 86 (2.62%) Artifactory
14 81 (2.47%) SonarQube
14 81 (2.47%) Subversion
15 77 (2.34%) GitLab
16 75 (2.28%) TeamCity
17 72 (2.19%) RStudio
18 69 (2.10%) Visual Studio Team System
19 66 (2.01%) Gradle
General
1 683 (20.79%) Finance
2 233 (7.09%) Front Office
3 200 (6.09%) Banking
4 179 (5.45%) Public Sector
5 121 (3.68%) Telecoms
6 96 (2.92%) Marketing
7 90 (2.74%) Retail
8 66 (2.01%) Manufacturing
9 46 (1.40%) Electronics
10 40 (1.22%) Aerospace
10 40 (1.22%) Games
11 37 (1.13%) Military
12 36 (1.10%) Publishing
13 29 (0.88%) Back Office
14 25 (0.76%) Billing
15 20 (0.61%) Financial Institution
15 20 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
16 19 (0.58%) Investment Banking
17 18 (0.55%) Law
18 14 (0.43%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,724 (52.48%) Developer
2 494 (15.04%) Java Developer
3 439 (13.36%) Architect
4 251 (7.64%) Senior Developer
5 235 (7.15%) .NET Developer
6 191 (5.81%) Software Engineer
7 190 (5.78%) AWS Engineer
8 183 (5.57%) AWS Developer
9 152 (4.63%) DevOps Engineer
10 138 (4.20%) Solutions Architect
11 122 (3.71%) C# Developer
12 115 (3.50%) Consultant
13 113 (3.44%) Lead Developer
14 108 (3.29%) Senior Java Developer
15 104 (3.17%) Analyst
16 89 (2.71%) Java Engineer
17 88 (2.68%) AWS Architect
18 87 (2.65%) Python Developer
19 86 (2.62%) AWS Software Engineer
19 86 (2.62%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 710 (21.61%) .NET
2 614 (18.69%) RESTful
3 591 (17.99%) REST
4 563 (17.14%) SOAP
5 537 (16.35%) XML
6 515 (15.68%) HTML
7 449 (13.67%) CSS
8 387 (11.78%) Spring
9 380 (11.57%) AngularJS
10 374 (11.39%) JSON
11 342 (10.41%) Node.js
12 325 (9.89%) React
13 288 (8.77%) J2EE
14 256 (7.79%) ASP.NET
15 170 (5.18%) .NET Framework
16 165 (5.02%) HTML5
17 163 (4.96%) ASP.NET Web API
18 148 (4.51%) Spring Boot
19 140 (4.26%) Hibernate
20 134 (4.08%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 203 (6.18%) Fixed Income
2 197 (6.00%) Greenfield Project
3 167 (5.08%) User Experience
4 161 (4.90%) Derivative
5 158 (4.81%) Analytical Skills
6 136 (4.14%) Enterprise Software
7 82 (2.50%) Public Cloud
8 80 (2.44%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 70 (2.13%) Equities
10 54 (1.64%) Management Information System
10 54 (1.64%) Replication
11 53 (1.61%) Data Structures
12 47 (1.43%) Hedge funds
13 45 (1.37%) Hybrid Cloud
13 45 (1.37%) Mobile App
14 37 (1.13%) Data Centre
14 37 (1.13%) Self-Motivation
15 36 (1.10%) Algorithms
15 36 (1.10%) Animation
16 33 (1.00%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 464 (14.12%) Linux
2 329 (10.02%) Windows
3 130 (3.96%) Unix
4 77 (2.34%) Windows Server
5 63 (1.92%) Apple iOS
6 51 (1.55%) Android
7 46 (1.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 32 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
9 27 (0.82%) tvOS
10 25 (0.76%) Windows 10
11 20 (0.61%) Mac OS
12 18 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
13 10 (0.30%) Windows Server 2003
14 9 (0.27%) Solaris
15 8 (0.24%) CentOS
15 8 (0.24%) HPUX
15 8 (0.24%) Windows 2000
16 7 (0.21%) AIX
16 7 (0.21%) Mac OS X
17 5 (0.15%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,617 (49.22%) Agile Software Development
2 661 (20.12%) Microservices
3 633 (19.27%) DevOps
4 602 (18.33%) Scrum
5 586 (17.84%) TDD
6 541 (16.47%) Continuous Integration
7 508 (15.46%) Software Engineering
8 420 (12.79%) Test Automation
9 371 (11.29%) BDD
10 312 (9.50%) MVC
11 309 (9.41%) Asset Management
12 308 (9.38%) SOA
13 293 (8.92%) Kanban
14 282 (8.58%) Open Source
15 232 (7.06%) Analytics
16 216 (6.58%) Unit Testing
17 214 (6.51%) Problem-Solving
18 202 (6.15%) Migration
19 198 (6.03%) OO
20 192 (5.84%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,314 (40.00%) Java
2 985 (29.98%) JavaScript
3 729 (22.19%) C#
4 674 (20.52%) SQL
5 596 (18.14%) Python
6 206 (6.27%) C++
7 160 (4.87%) PowerShell
8 126 (3.84%) Java 8
9 120 (3.65%) Ruby
10 113 (3.44%) R
11 112 (3.41%) PHP
12 98 (2.98%) PL/SQL
12 98 (2.98%) TypeScript
13 84 (2.56%) Scala
14 83 (2.53%) Bash Shell
15 68 (2.07%) C
16 64 (1.95%) Apex Code
17 61 (1.86%) Shell Script
18 55 (1.67%) T-SQL
19 52 (1.58%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 356 (10.84%) Security Cleared
2 276 (8.40%) SC Cleared
3 239 (7.28%) Degree
4 53 (1.61%) AWS Certification
5 48 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
6 38 (1.16%) CISSP
7 32 (0.97%) ISTQB
8 29 (0.88%) ISEB
9 28 (0.85%) CISM
10 27 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
11 21 (0.64%) ITIL Certification
12 20 (0.61%) DV Cleared
12 20 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
13 13 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
13 13 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 13 (0.40%) RHCE
13 13 (0.40%) TOGAF Certification
14 9 (0.27%) CCA
14 9 (0.27%) SANS
15 8 (0.24%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 150 (4.57%) QA
2 37 (1.13%) GDPR
3 33 (1.00%) SLA
4 30 (0.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 28 (0.85%) Data Quality
6 22 (0.67%) PCI DSS
7 17 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 13 (0.40%) NIST
9 11 (0.33%) COBIT
10 8 (0.24%) NCSC
11 6 (0.18%) HL7
11 6 (0.18%) PMO
12 5 (0.15%) HMG Infosec
12 5 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.15%) JSP 440
13 4 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
13 4 (0.12%) ISO 20022
14 3 (0.091%) GxP
14 3 (0.091%) PSD2
14 3 (0.091%) TARGET2
System Software
1 539 (16.41%) Docker
2 140 (4.26%) Active Directory
3 61 (1.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (1.10%) vSphere
5 30 (0.91%) Postfix
6 28 (0.85%) Virtual Machines
7 23 (0.70%) Virtual Servers
8 13 (0.40%) Hyper-V
9 11 (0.33%) HDFS
10 10 (0.30%) NDS
10 10 (0.30%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 9 (0.27%) XenApp
12 8 (0.24%) VirtualBox
13 7 (0.21%) LXC
13 7 (0.21%) VMware ESXi
14 6 (0.18%) Apache Flume
15 5 (0.15%) Terminal Services
15 5 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
16 4 (0.12%) NFS
16 4 (0.12%) RACF
Systems Management
1 325 (9.89%) Kubernetes
2 269 (8.19%) Terraform
3 215 (6.54%) Ansible
4 112 (3.41%) Puppet
5 98 (2.98%) Opscode Chef
6 81 (2.47%) Single Sign-On
7 37 (1.13%) Packer
8 30 (0.91%) Amdocs OSS
9 20 (0.61%) Microsoft Intune
10 19 (0.58%) Salt
11 18 (0.55%) HP Quality Center
12 16 (0.49%) SCCM
13 15 (0.46%) Kibana
13 15 (0.46%) Suricata
14 14 (0.43%) HP ALM
15 12 (0.37%) NetIQ Identity Manager
16 11 (0.33%) CASB
17 10 (0.30%) HAProxy
18 9 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
19 8 (0.24%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 520 (15.83%) Microsoft
2 373 (11.35%) Oracle
3 164 (4.99%) Google
4 127 (3.87%) SAP
5 103 (3.14%) Salesforce.com
6 97 (2.95%) ServiceNow
7 94 (2.86%) VMware
8 70 (2.13%) MuleSoft
9 68 (2.07%) Red Hat
10 66 (2.01%) Bloomberg
11 59 (1.80%) Cisco
12 58 (1.77%) Splunk
13 52 (1.58%) IBM
13 52 (1.58%) Reuters
14 44 (1.34%) Dell
15 38 (1.16%) WSO2
16 37 (1.13%) HP
17 36 (1.10%) Apple
18 35 (1.07%) Remedy
19 34 (1.04%) Sybase