Period
to 20 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 20 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 43 43 34
Rank change year-on-year 0 -9 +4
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4,722 4,219 4,921
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.97% 4.81% 4.84%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.47% 14.80% 16.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,249 2,801 3,610
England median daily rate £475 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +10.00%
10th Percentile £338 £313 £313
90th Percentile £606 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £435
% change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +8.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 57 50
England median hourly rate £42.50 £45.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.56% +9.09% +13.79%
10th Percentile £21.16 £24.00 £24.73
90th Percentile £76.45 £59.18 £57.91
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £45.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year -8.33% +9.09% +14.58%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,629 28,501 29,644
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.33% 32.49% 29.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,190 19,764 20,963
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £308 £295
90th Percentile £631 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 358 365 373
England median hourly rate £41.52 £40.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.51% +8.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £15.25 £15.45 £13.00
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.26 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.84% +7.36% +2.74%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 20 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 20 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -2 2,319 £500 +5.26% 461
South East -6 927 £450 +9.76% 233
North of England -4 585 £413 -2.94% 277
Midlands +4 374 £425 +6.25% 147
North West +4 342 £413 -2.94% 163
East of England +22 323 £513 +21.73% 132
West Midlands +13 239 £450 +1.41% 80
Yorkshire -8 193 £419 +1.52% 96
South West -12 188 £425 +6.25% 96
East Midlands +1 133 £395 +5.33% 67
North East -16 51 £400 -5.88% 18
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 20 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,518 (53.32%) Agile Software Development
2 2,114 (44.77%) Java
3 1,403 (29.71%) JavaScript
4 1,314 (27.83%) Amazon AWS
5 1,269 (26.87%) REST
6 1,187 (25.14%) TDD
7 1,131 (23.95%) RESTful
8 1,051 (22.26%) SOAP
9 1,029 (21.79%) SQL
9 1,029 (21.79%) .NET
10 1,026 (21.73%) Git (software)
11 1,025 (21.71%) HTML
12 950 (20.12%) Scrum
13 945 (20.01%) Jenkins
14 931 (19.72%) C#
15 900 (19.06%) Continuous Integration
16 898 (19.02%) CSS
17 863 (18.28%) Spring
18 856 (18.13%) XML
19 823 (17.43%) Finance
20 818 (17.32%) DevOps
21 801 (16.96%) Linux
22 775 (16.41%) Oracle
23 744 (15.76%) SQL Server
24 719 (15.23%) Test Automation
25 664 (14.06%) JSON
26 657 (13.91%) BDD
27 642 (13.60%) MVC
28 621 (13.15%) Microservices
29 616 (13.05%) Docker

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 247 (5.23%) Confluence
2 199 (4.21%) Tomcat
3 187 (3.96%) Apache
4 174 (3.68%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 173 (3.66%) WebSphere
6 136 (2.88%) CMS
7 129 (2.73%) Elasticsearch
8 115 (2.44%) Mule
9 114 (2.41%) JBoss
10 101 (2.14%) IIS
11 91 (1.93%) SharePoint
12 87 (1.84%) WebLogic
13 84 (1.78%) Oracle Service Bus
14 57 (1.21%) Apache Spark
15 49 (1.04%) WebSphere Application Server
16 41 (0.87%) Sitecore CMS
17 39 (0.83%) BizTalk Server
18 38 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 36 (0.76%) WordPress
20 34 (0.72%) MQSeries
Applications
1 56 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
2 51 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
3 30 (0.64%) MS Visio
4 24 (0.51%) Photoshop
5 16 (0.34%) GIMP
6 14 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.15%) InVision
7 7 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
8 6 (0.13%) Chatbot
9 5 (0.11%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 3 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
10 3 (0.064%) HipChat
11 2 (0.042%) UXPin
12 1 (0.021%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.021%) Final Cut Pro
12 1 (0.021%) Notepad++
12 1 (0.021%) SPSS
12 1 (0.021%) Stata
Business Applications
1 50 (1.06%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (0.55%) Magento
3 24 (0.51%) Oracle EBS
4 23 (0.49%) Payment Gateway
5 20 (0.42%) Oracle Receivables
6 18 (0.38%) Oracle General Ledger
7 17 (0.36%) Oracle BPM
7 17 (0.36%) Workday HCM
8 16 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
9 14 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
10 13 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
11 11 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
11 11 (0.23%) Oracle Financials
12 10 (0.21%) Elite 3E
13 7 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
14 6 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
15 4 (0.085%) ION MarketView
15 4 (0.085%) Remedy AR System
15 4 (0.085%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 4 (0.085%) SAP FI
Cloud Services
1 1,314 (27.83%) Amazon AWS
2 596 (12.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 178 (3.77%) Amazon EC2
4 165 (3.49%) Serverless
5 110 (2.33%) SaaS
6 98 (2.08%) PaaS
7 91 (1.93%) Amazon S3
7 91 (1.93%) AWS Lambda
8 83 (1.76%) GitHub
8 83 (1.76%) Google Cloud Platform
9 79 (1.67%) AWS CloudFormation
10 73 (1.55%) IaaS
11 69 (1.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 68 (1.44%) Office 365
13 66 (1.40%) OpenShift
14 58 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
15 38 (0.80%) npm
16 34 (0.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 31 (0.66%) Amazon ELB
17 31 (0.66%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 214 (4.53%) HTTP
2 113 (2.39%) TCP/IP
3 95 (2.01%) Internet
4 75 (1.59%) Firewall
5 74 (1.57%) DNS
6 58 (1.23%) SSL
7 42 (0.89%) FTP
8 37 (0.78%) VPN
9 34 (0.72%) SAN
10 26 (0.55%) SMS
11 25 (0.53%) PuTTY
11 25 (0.53%) WinSCP
12 24 (0.51%) Ethernet
13 23 (0.49%) DHCP
14 22 (0.47%) Network Security
15 21 (0.44%) Kerberos
16 18 (0.38%) LAN
16 18 (0.38%) Remote Desktop
17 17 (0.36%) SMTP
17 17 (0.36%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 744 (15.76%) SQL Server
2 430 (9.11%) Relational Database
3 358 (7.58%) NoSQL
4 311 (6.59%) MySQL
5 275 (5.82%) PostgreSQL
6 243 (5.15%) MongoDB
7 198 (4.19%) Oracle Database
8 139 (2.94%) Big Data
9 121 (2.56%) Apache Cassandra
10 119 (2.52%) Hadoop
11 118 (2.50%) Redis
12 111 (2.35%) RDBMS
13 92 (1.95%) SQL Server 2012
14 87 (1.84%) Data Warehouse
15 78 (1.65%) Oracle Database 11g
16 77 (1.63%) Amazon RDS
16 77 (1.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 65 (1.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 59 (1.25%) SQL Server 2008
19 58 (1.23%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,026 (21.73%) Git (software)
2 945 (20.01%) Jenkins
3 481 (10.19%) JIRA
4 408 (8.64%) Maven
5 393 (8.32%) Selenium
6 311 (6.59%) JUnit
7 211 (4.47%) Subversion
8 196 (4.15%) Visual Studio
9 187 (3.96%) SoapUI
10 181 (3.83%) Cucumber
11 175 (3.71%) Team Foundation Server
12 166 (3.52%) Eclipse
13 164 (3.47%) TeamCity
14 153 (3.24%) Mockito
15 134 (2.84%) Gradle
16 113 (2.39%) Ant
17 109 (2.31%) SpecFlow
18 98 (2.08%) Octopus Deploy
19 96 (2.03%) NUnit
20 91 (1.93%) SonarQube
General
1 823 (17.43%) Finance
2 330 (6.99%) Banking
3 161 (3.41%) Retail
4 138 (2.92%) Telecoms
5 129 (2.73%) Marketing
6 105 (2.22%) Manufacturing
7 90 (1.91%) Electronics
8 72 (1.52%) Games
8 72 (1.52%) Investment Banking
9 60 (1.27%) Front Office
10 53 (1.12%) Financial Institution
11 52 (1.10%) Back Office
12 51 (1.08%) Legal
13 47 (1.00%) Publishing
14 45 (0.95%) Advertising
15 32 (0.68%) Law
16 23 (0.49%) Billing
17 16 (0.34%) Aerospace
17 16 (0.34%) Military
18 15 (0.32%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 2,679 (56.73%) Developer
2 907 (19.21%) Java Developer
3 472 (10.00%) .NET Developer
4 471 (9.97%) Architect
5 351 (7.43%) Senior Developer
6 270 (5.72%) C# Developer
7 248 (5.25%) DevOps Engineer
8 233 (4.93%) Analyst
9 186 (3.94%) C# .NET Developer
10 185 (3.92%) Full Stack Developer
11 174 (3.68%) Consultant
12 163 (3.45%) Python Developer
13 162 (3.43%) Senior Java Developer
14 160 (3.39%) Solutions Architect
15 158 (3.35%) AWS Engineer
16 129 (2.73%) AWS DevOps
17 128 (2.71%) AWS Developer
18 126 (2.67%) Java Engineer
19 120 (2.54%) Lead Developer
20 115 (2.44%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,269 (26.87%) REST
2 1,131 (23.95%) RESTful
3 1,051 (22.26%) SOAP
4 1,029 (21.79%) .NET
5 1,025 (21.71%) HTML
6 898 (19.02%) CSS
7 863 (18.28%) Spring
8 856 (18.13%) XML
9 664 (14.06%) JSON
10 581 (12.30%) AngularJS
11 452 (9.57%) Node.js
12 439 (9.30%) ASP.NET
13 392 (8.30%) HTML5
14 391 (8.28%) J2EE
15 378 (8.01%) Hibernate
16 362 (7.67%) jQuery
17 348 (7.37%) Spring Boot
18 330 (6.99%) React
19 320 (6.78%) JMS
20 307 (6.50%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 278 (5.89%) Greenfield Project
2 257 (5.44%) User Experience
3 244 (5.17%) Analytical Skills
4 215 (4.55%) Enterprise Software
5 181 (3.83%) Mobile App
6 142 (3.01%) Computer Science
7 90 (1.91%) Self-Motivation
8 68 (1.44%) Public Cloud
9 67 (1.42%) Data Structures
10 64 (1.36%) Fintech
11 56 (1.19%) Algorithms
12 49 (1.04%) iPad
13 48 (1.02%) Management Information System
14 47 (1.00%) Client/Server
14 47 (1.00%) Data Centre
15 46 (0.97%) NHS
16 41 (0.87%) Hedge funds
17 34 (0.72%) Fixed Income
18 30 (0.64%) Linux Command Line
19 28 (0.59%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 801 (16.96%) Linux
2 444 (9.40%) Windows
3 343 (7.26%) Unix
4 167 (3.54%) Android
5 151 (3.20%) Apple iOS
6 134 (2.84%) Windows Server
7 127 (2.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 73 (1.55%) Windows Server 2012
9 43 (0.91%) Mac OS
10 42 (0.89%) CentOS
11 39 (0.83%) Solaris
12 38 (0.80%) Windows 10
13 21 (0.44%) AIX
14 20 (0.42%) Ubuntu
15 17 (0.36%) Windows Server 2008
16 16 (0.34%) Windows Embedded Compact
17 14 (0.30%) Mac OS X
18 13 (0.28%) Windows 2000
19 12 (0.25%) Windows 7
20 11 (0.23%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,518 (53.32%) Agile Software Development
2 1,187 (25.14%) TDD
3 950 (20.12%) Scrum
4 900 (19.06%) Continuous Integration
5 818 (17.32%) DevOps
6 719 (15.23%) Test Automation
7 657 (13.91%) BDD
8 642 (13.60%) MVC
9 621 (13.15%) Microservices
10 532 (11.27%) SOA
11 433 (9.17%) Unit Testing
12 399 (8.45%) Software Engineering
13 392 (8.30%) OO
13 392 (8.30%) Web Development
14 379 (8.03%) Open Source
15 364 (7.71%) SDLC
16 360 (7.62%) Problem-Solving
17 349 (7.39%) E-Commerce
18 347 (7.35%) Kanban
19 254 (5.38%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 2,114 (44.77%) Java
2 1,403 (29.71%) JavaScript
3 1,029 (21.79%) SQL
4 931 (19.72%) C#
5 567 (12.01%) Python
6 395 (8.37%) Java 8
7 191 (4.04%) Ruby
8 180 (3.81%) Groovy
9 163 (3.45%) Scala
10 157 (3.32%) PL/SQL
11 146 (3.09%) T-SQL
12 133 (2.82%) Bash Shell
13 127 (2.69%) PowerShell
14 124 (2.63%) PHP
15 122 (2.58%) C++
16 116 (2.46%) XPath
17 102 (2.16%) C
18 101 (2.14%) Shell Script
19 100 (2.12%) ES6
20 87 (1.84%) Perl
Qualifications
1 393 (8.32%) Security Cleared
2 306 (6.48%) SC Cleared
3 260 (5.51%) Degree
4 83 (1.76%) Computer Science Degree
5 61 (1.29%) DV Cleared
6 47 (1.00%) ISEB
7 41 (0.87%) AWS Certification
8 35 (0.74%) ISTQB
9 33 (0.70%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 32 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
11 25 (0.53%) ISEB Practitioner
11 25 (0.53%) ITIL Certification
11 25 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
12 16 (0.34%) CISSP
12 16 (0.34%) Master's Degree
12 16 (0.34%) Siebel Certification
13 14 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
14 12 (0.25%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 11 (0.23%) Numerate Degree
15 11 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 302 (6.40%) QA
2 56 (1.19%) GDPR
3 47 (1.00%) PMO
4 42 (0.89%) SLA
5 21 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 18 (0.38%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.28%) GCP
8 12 (0.25%) Data Quality
8 12 (0.25%) HL7
9 6 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 6 (0.13%) NIST 800
9 6 (0.13%) PSD2
9 6 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 6 (0.13%) WAI
10 5 (0.11%) ISO 8583
10 5 (0.11%) WCAG
11 2 (0.042%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 1 (0.021%) DICOM
12 1 (0.021%) Dodd-Frank
12 1 (0.021%) EMIR
System Software
1 616 (13.05%) Docker
2 161 (3.41%) Active Directory
3 88 (1.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 57 (1.21%) vSphere
5 29 (0.61%) VMware ESXi
6 28 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 20 (0.42%) Microsoft App-V
7 20 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
8 18 (0.38%) HDFS
9 16 (0.34%) Apache Flume
9 16 (0.34%) Hyper-V
10 10 (0.21%) Varnish
11 8 (0.17%) NFS
11 8 (0.17%) VirtualBox
12 7 (0.15%) etcd
12 7 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
13 6 (0.13%) LXC
14 5 (0.11%) vCloud
14 5 (0.11%) VMware Workstation
15 4 (0.085%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 257 (5.44%) Ansible
2 241 (5.10%) Terraform
3 235 (4.98%) Puppet
4 225 (4.76%) Kubernetes
5 216 (4.57%) Opscode Chef
6 64 (1.36%) Single Sign-On
7 62 (1.31%) HP ALM
8 60 (1.27%) SCCM
9 42 (0.89%) Kibana
10 41 (0.87%) Mesos
11 35 (0.74%) Packer
12 34 (0.72%) logstash
13 25 (0.53%) Salt
14 23 (0.49%) Prometheus
15 22 (0.47%) CA Single Sign-On
16 20 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
17 19 (0.40%) Microsoft Intune
18 18 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
19 17 (0.36%) Grafana
20 14 (0.30%) Consul
Vendors
1 775 (16.41%) Oracle
2 569 (12.05%) Microsoft
3 170 (3.60%) IBM
4 146 (3.09%) VMware
5 142 (3.01%) SAP
6 138 (2.92%) Google
7 110 (2.33%) Atlassian
8 108 (2.29%) Salesforce.com
9 107 (2.27%) Red Hat
10 79 (1.67%) Sitecore
11 74 (1.57%) HP
12 72 (1.52%) ServiceNow
13 61 (1.29%) WSO2
14 60 (1.27%) Adobe
15 50 (1.06%) Splunk
16 47 (1.00%) Cloudera
17 46 (0.97%) MuleSoft
18 40 (0.85%) TIBCO
19 36 (0.76%) Informatica
19 36 (0.76%) Siebel