Period
to 26 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 26 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 40 53 45
Rank change year-on-year +13 -8 -3
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,384 3,509 4,674
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.41% 4.36% 4.98%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 17.02% 13.86% 14.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,173 2,131 3,302
Median daily rate £563 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £413 £363 £338
90th Percentile £763 £650 £613
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 41 43
Median hourly rate £40.00 £50.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% +17.65% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £24.68
90th Percentile £55.00 £82.50 £94.60
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £49.21 £42.50
% change year-on-year -28.88% +15.79% +1.80%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 8,133 25,309 33,320
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.77% 31.46% 35.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,502 17,788 23,728
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £318 £339 £325
90th Percentile £694 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £499 £493 £475
% change year-on-year +1.33% +3.68% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 120 263 317
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +7.14% +5.00%
10th Percentile £23.40 £17.70 £15.24
90th Percentile £55.00 £64.75 £58.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.01 £41.69
% change year-on-year -20.47% +5.57% +4.22%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +28 982 £600 +11.63% 191
South West +26 100 £525 +10.53% 39
South East -24 92 £488 +8.33% 65
North of England -35 71 £475 +11.76% 101
Midlands -24 54 £350 -26.32% 45
East of England -9 53 £475 +5.56% 18
North West -19 41 £463 +8.82% 54
West Midlands -18 33 £413 -13.16% 23
Yorkshire -5 24 £475 +5.56% 29
East Midlands +3 19 £315 -23.40% 22
North East +5 4 £506 +19.12% 18
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 838 (60.55%) Agile Software Development
2 825 (59.61%) Java
3 787 (56.86%) AWS
4 653 (47.18%) Finance
5 562 (40.61%) Python
6 506 (36.56%) Asset Management
7 499 (36.05%) JavaScript
8 497 (35.91%) Software Engineering
9 444 (32.08%) Azure
10 421 (30.42%) DevOps
11 396 (28.61%) Front Office
12 393 (28.40%) Fixed Income
13 373 (26.95%) Hedge funds
14 371 (26.81%) Derivative
15 364 (26.30%) SQL
16 359 (25.94%) AngularJS
17 357 (25.79%) Microservices
18 350 (25.29%) Investment Management
19 332 (23.99%) Equities
20 309 (22.33%) Banking
21 307 (22.18%) React
22 293 (21.17%) GCP
23 289 (20.88%) Kubernetes
24 284 (20.52%) Docker
24 284 (20.52%) Jenkins
25 258 (18.64%) Oracle
26 255 (18.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
27 251 (18.14%) SQL Server
28 244 (17.63%) Google
28 244 (17.63%) Serverless

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 129 (9.32%) Apache
2 61 (4.41%) Confluence
3 54 (3.90%) Mule
4 53 (3.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 48 (3.47%) Red Hat Fuse
6 42 (3.03%) Tomcat
7 37 (2.67%) WebLogic
8 34 (2.46%) Elasticsearch
9 31 (2.24%) Oracle Service Bus
10 26 (1.88%) IIS
10 26 (1.88%) SharePoint
10 26 (1.88%) WebSphere
11 25 (1.81%) JBoss
12 15 (1.08%) CMS
13 14 (1.01%) Appian
13 14 (1.01%) Oracle Workflow
14 13 (0.94%) BizTalk Server
15 11 (0.79%) WebSphere Application Server
16 10 (0.72%) AquaLogic
17 9 (0.65%) Jupyter
Applications
1 21 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
2 7 (0.51%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (0.36%) Sketch
5 4 (0.29%) RoboHelp
6 2 (0.14%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.14%) Adobe Premiere
6 2 (0.14%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.072%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 22 (1.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (1.01%) Oracle BPM
2 14 (1.01%) Oracle ERP
3 8 (0.58%) Markit EDM
4 7 (0.51%) Siebel CRM
4 7 (0.51%) SimCorp Dimension
5 5 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
7 3 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 2 (0.14%) Maximo
8 2 (0.14%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 2 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.14%) StreamServe
9 1 (0.072%) FINCAD Analytics
9 1 (0.072%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.072%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.072%) SAP SD
9 1 (0.072%) SAP SRM
Cloud Services
1 787 (56.86%) AWS
2 444 (32.08%) Azure
3 293 (21.17%) GCP
4 244 (17.63%) Serverless
5 224 (16.18%) AWS Lambda
6 154 (11.13%) Amazon ECS
7 140 (10.12%) Amazon EC2
8 127 (9.18%) Amazon S3
9 90 (6.50%) OpenShift
10 87 (6.29%) Apigee
11 72 (5.20%) Amazon SQS
12 70 (5.06%) AWS CloudFormation
13 39 (2.82%) Power Platform
14 38 (2.75%) SaaS
15 35 (2.53%) PaaS
16 30 (2.17%) GitHub
17 26 (1.88%) Cloud Computing
18 21 (1.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 18 (1.30%) Office 365
20 17 (1.23%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 41 (2.96%) HTTP
2 21 (1.52%) Firewall
3 19 (1.37%) DNS
4 18 (1.30%) TCP/IP
5 17 (1.23%) Internet
5 17 (1.23%) VPN
6 13 (0.94%) WAN
7 10 (0.72%) Wireless
8 9 (0.65%) Ethernet
8 9 (0.65%) Reverse Proxy
9 7 (0.51%) DMZ
9 7 (0.51%) FTP
9 7 (0.51%) Skype
9 7 (0.51%) SMTP
10 6 (0.43%) SSL
11 5 (0.36%) Broadband
11 5 (0.36%) LAN
11 5 (0.36%) Remote Desktop
12 4 (0.29%) Network Security
12 4 (0.29%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 251 (18.14%) SQL Server
2 153 (11.05%) MySQL
3 147 (10.62%) Amazon Redshift
4 144 (10.40%) PostgreSQL
5 92 (6.65%) NoSQL
6 90 (6.50%) Amazon RDS
7 88 (6.36%) Relational Database
8 77 (5.56%) MongoDB
9 66 (4.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 55 (3.97%) Data Warehouse
11 53 (3.83%) Big Data
12 49 (3.54%) Oracle Database
13 39 (2.82%) Hadoop
14 34 (2.46%) RDBMS
15 31 (2.24%) Amazon Aurora
16 30 (2.17%) Power BI
17 22 (1.59%) Oracle Database 11g
17 22 (1.59%) Redis
18 19 (1.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 16 (1.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 284 (20.52%) Jenkins
2 160 (11.56%) Git (software)
3 137 (9.90%) Artifactory
4 107 (7.73%) Maven
5 97 (7.01%) GitLab
6 92 (6.65%) JIRA
7 90 (6.50%) RStudio
8 71 (5.13%) JUnit
9 51 (3.68%) Cucumber
10 50 (3.61%) Selenium
11 39 (2.82%) Mockito
11 39 (2.82%) Visual Studio
12 35 (2.53%) SoapUI
12 35 (2.53%) Team Foundation Server
13 27 (1.95%) Eclipse
13 27 (1.95%) jMock
13 27 (1.95%) SonarQube
14 26 (1.88%) Subversion
15 25 (1.81%) Gradle
16 22 (1.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 653 (47.18%) Finance
2 396 (28.61%) Front Office
3 309 (22.33%) Banking
4 178 (12.86%) Investment Banking
5 94 (6.79%) Public Sector
6 53 (3.83%) Telecoms
7 50 (3.61%) Marketing
8 42 (3.03%) Manufacturing
9 38 (2.75%) Back Office
10 35 (2.53%) Electronics
11 16 (1.16%) Law
12 9 (0.65%) Aerospace
12 9 (0.65%) Military
13 8 (0.58%) Police
13 8 (0.58%) Retail
14 7 (0.51%) French Language
15 5 (0.36%) Billing
15 5 (0.36%) Legal
16 4 (0.29%) Games
16 4 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 798 (57.66%) Developer
2 272 (19.65%) AWS Engineer
3 267 (19.29%) Java Developer
4 249 (17.99%) Software Engineer
5 226 (16.33%) AWS Developer
6 220 (15.90%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 159 (11.49%) Architect
8 144 (10.40%) Java Engineer
9 141 (10.19%) Python Developer
10 134 (9.68%) AWS Software Engineer
11 113 (8.16%) JavaScript Developer
12 105 (7.59%) Python Engineer
13 104 (7.51%) Java Software Developer
14 94 (6.79%) Senior Developer
15 82 (5.92%) Java Software Engineer
16 76 (5.49%) DevOps Engineer
16 76 (5.49%) Lead Developer
17 73 (5.27%) JavaScript Engineer
18 68 (4.91%) .NET Developer
18 68 (4.91%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 359 (25.94%) AngularJS
2 307 (22.18%) React
3 243 (17.56%) REST
4 232 (16.76%) SOAP
5 231 (16.69%) Vue.js
6 218 (15.75%) .NET
7 196 (14.16%) XML
8 172 (12.43%) RESTful
9 163 (11.78%) Node.js
10 159 (11.49%) Spring
11 146 (10.55%) HTML
12 138 (9.97%) JSON
13 127 (9.18%) J2EE
14 125 (9.03%) CSS
15 112 (8.09%) gRPC
16 110 (7.95%) Swagger
17 103 (7.44%) ASP.NET
18 96 (6.94%) Middleware
19 94 (6.79%) OAuth
20 78 (5.64%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 393 (28.40%) Fixed Income
2 373 (26.95%) Hedge funds
3 371 (26.81%) Derivative
4 332 (23.99%) Equities
5 255 (18.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 103 (7.44%) Greenfield Project
7 65 (4.70%) Analytical Skills
8 47 (3.40%) User Experience
9 43 (3.11%) Blog
10 37 (2.67%) Credit Derivative
11 30 (2.17%) Public Cloud
12 22 (1.59%) Reference Data
13 21 (1.52%) Cloud Native
14 20 (1.45%) Data Structures
14 20 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
14 20 (1.45%) Management Information System
15 19 (1.37%) CMDB
16 17 (1.23%) Private Cloud
17 14 (1.01%) Mobile App
17 14 (1.01%) Pricing Data
Operating Systems
1 133 (9.61%) Linux
2 96 (6.94%) Windows
3 74 (5.35%) Unix
4 20 (1.45%) Windows Server
5 17 (1.23%) Android
6 15 (1.08%) Apple iOS
6 15 (1.08%) Windows Server 2012
7 9 (0.65%) CentOS
8 5 (0.36%) Windows Server 2016
9 4 (0.29%) Oracle Linux
9 4 (0.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.22%) Debian
10 3 (0.22%) tvOS
11 2 (0.14%) AIX
11 2 (0.14%) Ubuntu
11 2 (0.14%) VMS
11 2 (0.14%) Windows 10
12 1 (0.072%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.072%) OpenVMS
12 1 (0.072%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 838 (60.55%) Agile Software Development
2 506 (36.56%) Asset Management
3 497 (35.91%) Software Engineering
4 421 (30.42%) DevOps
5 357 (25.79%) Microservices
6 350 (25.29%) Investment Management
7 220 (15.90%) Scrum
8 172 (12.43%) TDD
9 148 (10.69%) Decision-Making
10 141 (10.19%) Migration
11 124 (8.96%) Test Automation
12 111 (8.02%) Continuous Integration
12 111 (8.02%) Portfolio Management
13 102 (7.37%) SOA
14 99 (7.15%) Analytics
14 99 (7.15%) BDD
15 98 (7.08%) Business Analysis
15 98 (7.08%) Open Source
16 91 (6.58%) Fintech
17 90 (6.50%) Deployment Automation
Programming Languages
1 825 (59.61%) Java
2 562 (40.61%) Python
3 499 (36.05%) JavaScript
4 364 (26.30%) SQL
5 216 (15.61%) C#
6 102 (7.37%) R
7 68 (4.91%) TypeScript
8 63 (4.55%) Kotlin
9 55 (3.97%) Java 8
10 47 (3.40%) C
11 46 (3.32%) PowerShell
12 45 (3.25%) PL/SQL
13 42 (3.03%) C++
14 37 (2.67%) Bash Shell
14 37 (2.67%) Shell Script
15 29 (2.10%) Perl
16 26 (1.88%) T-SQL
16 26 (1.88%) XPath
17 25 (1.81%) VB.NET
18 24 (1.73%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 179 (12.93%) Security Cleared
2 166 (11.99%) SC Cleared
3 54 (3.90%) Degree
4 32 (2.31%) DV Cleared
5 25 (1.81%) Sun Certification
6 22 (1.59%) CCA
7 18 (1.30%) CISSP
7 18 (1.30%) Computer Science Degree
8 13 (0.94%) ISTQB
9 12 (0.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 10 (0.72%) AWS Certification
11 9 (0.65%) ISEB
12 7 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
13 6 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
13 6 (0.43%) Master's Degree
14 5 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
15 4 (0.29%) CISM
15 4 (0.29%) PMI Certification
15 4 (0.29%) PMP
15 4 (0.29%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (3.03%) QA
2 19 (1.37%) Data Quality
3 9 (0.65%) GDPR
4 7 (0.51%) SLA
5 4 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (0.22%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.14%) GxP
7 2 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.14%) NIST
8 1 (0.072%) COBIT
8 1 (0.072%) COSO
8 1 (0.072%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.072%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 1 (0.072%) FedRAMP
8 1 (0.072%) HIPAA
8 1 (0.072%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.072%) JSP 440
8 1 (0.072%) NCSC
System Software
1 284 (20.52%) Docker
2 45 (3.25%) Active Directory
3 15 (1.08%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.79%) vSphere
5 8 (0.58%) NDS
5 8 (0.58%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 7 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (0.36%) GeoWebCache
7 5 (0.36%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.36%) Postfix
7 5 (0.36%) VMware Workstation
8 4 (0.29%) NFS
9 3 (0.22%) RACF
9 3 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
9 3 (0.22%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.14%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.072%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.072%) UAG
11 1 (0.072%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 289 (20.88%) Kubernetes
2 132 (9.54%) Terraform
3 53 (3.83%) Ansible
4 36 (2.60%) Packer
5 35 (2.53%) Puppet
6 26 (1.88%) logstash
7 25 (1.81%) Kibana
8 20 (1.45%) Single Sign-On
9 17 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
10 12 (0.87%) HP Quality Center
11 11 (0.79%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 10 (0.72%) Prometheus
13 8 (0.58%) Consul
13 8 (0.58%) Grafana
14 7 (0.51%) FortiGate
15 6 (0.43%) Forefront Identity Manager
15 6 (0.43%) SCOM
16 4 (0.29%) Istio
16 4 (0.29%) Oracle ZFS
17 3 (0.22%) Salt
Vendors
1 258 (18.64%) Oracle
2 244 (17.63%) Google
3 123 (8.89%) Microsoft
4 54 (3.90%) SAP
5 47 (3.40%) Salesforce.com
6 38 (2.75%) IBM
7 29 (2.10%) Cloudera
7 29 (2.10%) Talend
8 27 (1.95%) ServiceNow
8 27 (1.95%) Sybase
9 26 (1.88%) Hortonworks
9 26 (1.88%) MuleSoft
10 25 (1.81%) WSO2
11 22 (1.59%) Atlassian
12 20 (1.45%) VMware
13 18 (1.30%) Pega
14 16 (1.16%) Informatica
15 15 (1.08%) HP
15 15 (1.08%) Red Hat
16 14 (1.01%) Bloomberg