Period
to 18 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 18 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
18 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 40 35 34
Rank change year-on-year -5 -1 +4
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4,807 4,462 4,804
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.24% 5.06% 4.85%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.23% 15.91% 16.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,487 3,114 3,431
England median daily rate £475 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.95% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +8.57% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 59 56
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +8.11%
10th Percentile £21.25 £23.70 £20.78
90th Percentile £55.25 £57.50 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.65% +7.50% +6.67%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,613 28,052 29,037
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.29% 31.78% 29.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,296 19,504 20,306
England median daily rate £475 £430 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.47% +1.18% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £281
90th Percentile £626 £600 £590
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 324 316 510
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.59
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.65% +10.26%
10th Percentile £18.33 £15.75 £16.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.25 £56.58
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.50
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +10.00%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 18 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 18 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 2,458 £500 +5.26% 541
South East -3 879 £425 - 268
North of England -5 542 £423 +3.05% 299
Midlands -3 380 £425 +6.25% 137
North West +2 308 £425 +6.25% 189
East of England -1 301 £475 +10.14% 139
West Midlands +3 259 £425 - 66
South West +5 247 £425 +17.24% 121
Yorkshire -11 176 £400 -3.03% 88
East Midlands -7 115 £406 +8.33% 70
North East +15 58 £325 -23.53% 22
South Coast - 1 - -
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 18 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,593 (53.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2,278 (47.39%) Java
3 1,405 (29.23%) JavaScript
4 1,336 (27.79%) Amazon AWS
5 1,282 (26.67%) TDD
6 1,185 (24.65%) REST
7 1,145 (23.82%) HTML
8 1,095 (22.78%) RESTful
9 1,090 (22.68%) SQL
10 1,049 (21.82%) Git (software)
11 1,039 (21.61%) Continuous Integration
12 1,032 (21.47%) SOAP
13 993 (20.66%) CSS
14 937 (19.49%) Scrum
15 927 (19.28%) .NET
16 909 (18.91%) Jenkins
17 882 (18.35%) Spring
18 869 (18.08%) C#
19 855 (17.79%) Finance
20 827 (17.20%) Linux
21 824 (17.14%) XML
22 819 (17.04%) DevOps
23 776 (16.14%) MVC
24 746 (15.52%) SQL Server
25 741 (15.42%) AngularJS
26 722 (15.02%) Oracle
27 686 (14.27%) BDD
28 650 (13.52%) Test Automation
29 640 (13.31%) JSON
30 607 (12.63%) Microservices

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 247 (5.14%) Confluence
2 242 (5.03%) Tomcat
3 211 (4.39%) Apache
4 187 (3.89%) WebSphere
5 175 (3.64%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 150 (3.12%) JBoss
7 146 (3.04%) CMS
8 124 (2.58%) Elasticsearch
9 109 (2.27%) WebLogic
10 90 (1.87%) Mule
11 84 (1.75%) IIS
12 73 (1.52%) nginx
13 70 (1.46%) Apache Spark
14 68 (1.41%) SharePoint
15 63 (1.31%) Oracle Service Bus
16 60 (1.25%) Cloud Foundry
17 58 (1.21%) WebSphere Application Server
18 43 (0.89%) Apache Solr
19 40 (0.83%) GlassFish
20 39 (0.81%) Liferay
Applications
1 54 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (0.48%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.25%) Photoshop
6 9 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
7 8 (0.17%) OmniGraffle
8 7 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.083%) GIMP
10 3 (0.062%) Chatbot
10 3 (0.062%) HipChat
10 3 (0.062%) SmartSuite
10 3 (0.062%) SPSS
11 2 (0.042%) InVision
11 2 (0.042%) Mingle
11 2 (0.042%) Simulink
12 1 (0.021%) Adobe After Effects
12 1 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.021%) Gephi
12 1 (0.021%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 50 (1.04%) Payment Gateway
2 32 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 30 (0.62%) Oracle BPM
4 29 (0.60%) Oracle EBS
5 22 (0.46%) Magento
6 13 (0.27%) Oracle EBS R12
7 9 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
7 9 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
8 8 (0.17%) Elite 3E
9 7 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
10 6 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
10 6 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 6 (0.12%) SAP Retail
11 5 (0.10%) ION MarketView
11 5 (0.10%) Oracle Applications
11 5 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
11 5 (0.10%) SDL Web 8
12 4 (0.083%) Adobe Campaign
12 4 (0.083%) Oracle CRM
12 4 (0.083%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 1,336 (27.79%) Amazon AWS
2 532 (11.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 157 (3.27%) Serverless
4 149 (3.10%) Amazon EC2
5 145 (3.02%) SaaS
6 126 (2.62%) IaaS
7 115 (2.39%) AWS CloudFormation
8 113 (2.35%) PaaS
9 95 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
10 94 (1.96%) Amazon S3
10 94 (1.96%) Google Cloud Platform
11 85 (1.77%) GitHub
12 72 (1.50%) Cloud Computing
13 57 (1.19%) npm
13 57 (1.19%) Office 365
14 50 (1.04%) OpenShift
14 50 (1.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 40 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
16 29 (0.60%) Amazon ELB
17 27 (0.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 223 (4.64%) HTTP
2 151 (3.14%) Internet
3 135 (2.81%) TCP/IP
4 96 (2.00%) SSL
5 91 (1.89%) DNS
6 77 (1.60%) Firewall
7 67 (1.39%) VPN
8 60 (1.25%) FTP
9 30 (0.62%) Kerberos
9 30 (0.62%) Network Security
10 28 (0.58%) SMS
11 24 (0.50%) DHCP
12 21 (0.44%) LAN
13 20 (0.42%) SAN
14 19 (0.40%) PuTTY
15 18 (0.37%) SMTP
15 18 (0.37%) WinSCP
16 17 (0.35%) Reverse Proxy
17 16 (0.33%) WAN
18 15 (0.31%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 746 (15.52%) SQL Server
2 335 (6.97%) Relational Database
3 329 (6.84%) NoSQL
4 308 (6.41%) MySQL
5 269 (5.60%) MongoDB
6 255 (5.30%) PostgreSQL
7 201 (4.18%) Big Data
8 171 (3.56%) Oracle Database
9 155 (3.22%) Hadoop
10 117 (2.43%) RDBMS
11 101 (2.10%) Apache Cassandra
12 90 (1.87%) HBase
13 77 (1.60%) Redis
14 75 (1.56%) Data Warehouse
14 75 (1.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 72 (1.50%) SQL Server 2012
16 69 (1.44%) Amazon RDS
17 63 (1.31%) Oracle Database 10g
18 62 (1.29%) Oracle Database 11g
19 61 (1.27%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1,049 (21.82%) Git (software)
2 909 (18.91%) Jenkins
3 490 (10.19%) Maven
4 471 (9.80%) JIRA
5 359 (7.47%) JUnit
6 310 (6.45%) Selenium
7 243 (5.06%) Subversion
8 226 (4.70%) TeamCity
9 185 (3.85%) Cucumber
10 177 (3.68%) SoapUI
11 167 (3.47%) Team Foundation Server
12 161 (3.35%) Eclipse
13 154 (3.20%) Gradle
14 151 (3.14%) Visual Studio
15 142 (2.95%) Mockito
16 100 (2.08%) Ant
17 98 (2.04%) webpack
18 95 (1.98%) SonarQube
19 92 (1.91%) gulp
20 85 (1.77%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 855 (17.79%) Finance
2 338 (7.03%) Banking
3 146 (3.04%) Retail
4 135 (2.81%) Marketing
5 130 (2.70%) Telecoms
6 88 (1.83%) Manufacturing
7 68 (1.41%) Electronics
8 61 (1.27%) Games
9 53 (1.10%) Investment Banking
10 42 (0.87%) Legal
10 42 (0.87%) Publishing
11 40 (0.83%) Advertising
12 30 (0.62%) Retail Banking
13 26 (0.54%) Front Office
14 25 (0.52%) Financial Institution
14 25 (0.52%) Law
15 17 (0.35%) Back Office
15 17 (0.35%) Billing
16 10 (0.21%) Automotive
17 9 (0.19%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,774 (57.71%) Developer
2 1,035 (21.53%) Java Developer
3 448 (9.32%) Architect
4 400 (8.32%) .NET Developer
5 335 (6.97%) Senior Developer
6 334 (6.95%) DevOps Engineer
7 320 (6.66%) C# Developer
8 236 (4.91%) Analyst
9 225 (4.68%) C# .NET Developer
10 196 (4.08%) AWS Engineer
11 193 (4.01%) Full Stack Developer
12 192 (3.99%) Senior Java Developer
13 168 (3.49%) AWS DevOps
14 165 (3.43%) Consultant
15 158 (3.29%) JavaScript Developer
16 154 (3.20%) Solutions Architect
17 146 (3.04%) Agile Developer
18 133 (2.77%) AWS DevOps Engineer
19 130 (2.70%) SQL Developer
20 125 (2.60%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,185 (24.65%) REST
2 1,145 (23.82%) HTML
3 1,095 (22.78%) RESTful
4 1,032 (21.47%) SOAP
5 993 (20.66%) CSS
6 927 (19.28%) .NET
7 882 (18.35%) Spring
8 824 (17.14%) XML
9 741 (15.42%) AngularJS
10 640 (13.31%) JSON
11 493 (10.26%) HTML5
12 463 (9.63%) Node.js
13 447 (9.30%) Hibernate
14 438 (9.11%) ASP.NET
15 408 (8.49%) J2EE
16 385 (8.01%) React
17 376 (7.82%) jQuery
18 352 (7.32%) ASP.NET Web API
19 341 (7.09%) CSS3
20 284 (5.91%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 264 (5.49%) Greenfield Project
2 261 (5.43%) Analytical Skills
3 243 (5.06%) Enterprise Software
4 211 (4.39%) User Experience
5 188 (3.91%) Mobile App
6 153 (3.18%) Computer Science
7 84 (1.75%) Public Cloud
8 81 (1.69%) Data Structures
9 80 (1.66%) iPad
10 73 (1.52%) Algorithms
11 72 (1.50%) N-Tier
12 62 (1.29%) Virtual Team
13 60 (1.25%) Client/Server
14 52 (1.08%) Data Centre
15 48 (1.00%) CMDB
16 40 (0.83%) Hybrid Cloud
16 40 (0.83%) Social Media
17 38 (0.79%) Fintech
18 37 (0.77%) Management Information System
19 35 (0.73%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 827 (17.20%) Linux
2 464 (9.65%) Windows
3 368 (7.66%) Unix
4 151 (3.14%) Android
5 144 (3.00%) Apple iOS
6 131 (2.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 126 (2.62%) Windows Server
8 81 (1.69%) CentOS
9 62 (1.29%) Windows Server 2012
10 36 (0.75%) Mac OS X
11 33 (0.69%) Ubuntu
12 29 (0.60%) Solaris
13 26 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
14 17 (0.35%) HPUX
15 16 (0.33%) Windows 10
15 16 (0.33%) Windows 7
16 13 (0.27%) Windows 8
17 12 (0.25%) AIX
17 12 (0.25%) Debian
18 11 (0.23%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,593 (53.94%) Agile Software Development
2 1,282 (26.67%) TDD
3 1,039 (21.61%) Continuous Integration
4 937 (19.49%) Scrum
5 819 (17.04%) DevOps
6 776 (16.14%) MVC
7 686 (14.27%) BDD
8 650 (13.52%) Test Automation
9 607 (12.63%) Microservices
10 504 (10.48%) SOA
11 408 (8.49%) E-Commerce
12 404 (8.40%) Unit Testing
13 375 (7.80%) Software Engineering
14 372 (7.74%) OO
15 367 (7.63%) Web Development
16 363 (7.55%) Continuous Delivery
17 353 (7.34%) Open Source
18 347 (7.22%) Kanban
19 304 (6.32%) SDLC
20 299 (6.22%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2,278 (47.39%) Java
2 1,405 (29.23%) JavaScript
3 1,090 (22.68%) SQL
4 869 (18.08%) C#
5 606 (12.61%) Python
6 341 (7.09%) Ruby
7 226 (4.70%) Bash Shell
8 224 (4.66%) Groovy
9 211 (4.39%) Scala
10 207 (4.31%) PL/SQL
11 193 (4.01%) T-SQL
12 162 (3.37%) PHP
13 159 (3.31%) PowerShell
14 124 (2.58%) XPath
15 121 (2.52%) ES6
16 118 (2.45%) C
17 104 (2.16%) C++
17 104 (2.16%) VB.NET
18 92 (1.91%) Go
19 85 (1.77%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 362 (7.53%) Security Cleared
2 290 (6.03%) Degree
3 246 (5.12%) SC Cleared
4 76 (1.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 49 (1.02%) DV Cleared
6 38 (0.79%) AWS Certification
7 28 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
8 26 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
9 22 (0.46%) ITIL Certification
9 22 (0.46%) Master's Degree
10 19 (0.40%) ISTQB
11 17 (0.35%) ISEB
12 13 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
13 12 (0.25%) PMP
14 10 (0.21%) CISM
14 10 (0.21%) CISSP
14 10 (0.21%) MCSE
15 9 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
15 9 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
16 8 (0.17%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 282 (5.87%) QA
2 27 (0.56%) SLA
3 26 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 24 (0.50%) HL7
5 23 (0.48%) GDPR
5 23 (0.48%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.44%) MiFID
7 10 (0.21%) GAAP
8 9 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
8 9 (0.19%) GCP
9 7 (0.15%) Data Quality
9 7 (0.15%) PMO
10 6 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 4 (0.083%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 4 (0.083%) PA-DSS
12 3 (0.062%) Dodd-Frank
12 3 (0.062%) EMIR
12 3 (0.062%) ISO 20022
12 3 (0.062%) ISO 8583
12 3 (0.062%) NIST 800
System Software
1 576 (11.98%) Docker
2 161 (3.35%) Active Directory
3 88 (1.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 50 (1.04%) vSphere
5 47 (0.98%) HDFS
6 40 (0.83%) Virtual Machines
7 37 (0.77%) Apache Flume
8 24 (0.50%) Hyper-V
9 23 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 23 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
10 15 (0.31%) vCloud
11 11 (0.23%) Varnish
12 8 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
13 7 (0.15%) etcd
14 6 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
15 5 (0.10%) FreeRADIUS
15 5 (0.10%) LXC
15 5 (0.10%) VirtualBox
16 4 (0.083%) Shibboleth
16 4 (0.083%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 334 (6.95%) Ansible
2 310 (6.45%) Puppet
3 228 (4.74%) Opscode Chef
4 210 (4.37%) Terraform
5 205 (4.26%) Kubernetes
6 77 (1.60%) Single Sign-On
7 65 (1.35%) logstash
8 48 (1.00%) Salt
9 44 (0.92%) Mesos
10 36 (0.75%) HP Quality Center
11 35 (0.73%) Packer
12 34 (0.71%) Kibana
13 32 (0.67%) Oozie
14 29 (0.60%) SCCM
15 20 (0.42%) Consul
16 17 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
16 17 (0.35%) Nagios
16 17 (0.35%) SCOM
17 16 (0.33%) Hadoop YARN
18 15 (0.31%) Grafana
Vendors
1 722 (15.02%) Oracle
2 560 (11.65%) Microsoft
3 177 (3.68%) Google
4 167 (3.47%) IBM
5 136 (2.83%) VMware
6 132 (2.75%) SAP
7 128 (2.66%) Red Hat
8 125 (2.60%) Salesforce.com
9 96 (2.00%) HP
10 95 (1.98%) ServiceNow
11 70 (1.46%) WSO2
12 68 (1.41%) Atlassian
13 56 (1.16%) Adobe
14 55 (1.14%) Sitecore
15 54 (1.12%) Splunk
16 49 (1.02%) ATG
17 45 (0.94%) hybris
17 45 (0.94%) Talend
18 43 (0.89%) New Relic
19 41 (0.85%) MuleSoft