Period
to 15 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 15 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
15 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 51 54 47
Rank change year-on-year +3 -7 -7
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,458 2,766 4,348
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.32% 4.14% 4.77%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.00% 13.66% 13.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,383 1,800 3,034
Median daily rate £525 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £360 £363 £340
90th Percentile £713 £675 £625
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £480
% change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +3.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 31 45
Median hourly rate £40.00 £52.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.81% +16.67% -
10th Percentile £21.99 £20.50 £32.48
90th Percentile £55.00 £82.50 £63.85
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £52.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year -23.81% +16.67% -

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 10,412 20,253 31,447
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.85% 30.34% 34.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,412 14,416 22,598
Median daily rate £490 £500 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £313 £335 £325
90th Percentile £665 £651 £638
UK median daily rate £485 £493 £475
% change year-on-year -1.52% +3.68% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 119 187 233
Median hourly rate £45.00 £46.00 £41.53
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +10.76% +3.83%
10th Percentile £22.10 £16.10 £19.25
90th Percentile £62.03 £78.75 £60.55
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.50 £41.85
% change year-on-year -1.10% +8.73% +4.61%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 15 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +15 1,021 £575 +4.55% 233
South East -29 103 £419 -11.09% 71
North of England -20 97 £424 -5.83% 91
Midlands -9 80 £365 -23.16% 55
South West -1 58 £475 -3.06% 59
North West -9 54 £428 -4.89% 51
East of England +9 50 £474 +5.28% 44
West Midlands -15 48 £388 -20.51% 37
Yorkshire -14 36 £400 -21.95% 30
East Midlands +11 24 £350 -9.68% 18
North East -3 7 £450 +5.88% 10
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 15 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 841 (57.68%) Agile Software Development
2 761 (52.19%) AWS
3 745 (51.10%) Java
4 627 (43.00%) JavaScript
5 610 (41.84%) Finance
6 535 (36.69%) Software Engineering
7 521 (35.73%) Python
8 446 (30.59%) Azure
9 437 (29.97%) Asset Management
10 387 (26.54%) React
11 373 (25.58%) Front Office
12 347 (23.80%) SQL
13 341 (23.39%) AngularJS
14 336 (23.05%) Docker
15 305 (20.92%) Investment Management
16 296 (20.30%) Microservices
16 296 (20.30%) Serverless
17 290 (19.89%) REST
18 280 (19.20%) Kubernetes
19 272 (18.66%) DevOps
20 269 (18.45%) Fixed Income
21 260 (17.83%) GCP
22 255 (17.49%) Derivative
23 252 (17.28%) Node.js
24 240 (16.46%) .NET
25 234 (16.05%) SOAP
26 233 (15.98%) Equities
27 226 (15.50%) Jenkins
27 226 (15.50%) AWS Lambda
28 217 (14.88%) XML

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (8.44%) Apache
2 76 (5.21%) Mule
3 74 (5.08%) Red Hat Fuse
4 67 (4.60%) Confluence
5 54 (3.70%) JBoss
6 51 (3.50%) Apache Spark
7 41 (2.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 37 (2.54%) WebSphere
9 30 (2.06%) CMS
10 26 (1.78%) WebLogic
11 22 (1.51%) SharePoint
12 21 (1.44%) IIS
13 19 (1.30%) Elasticsearch
14 18 (1.23%) Tomcat
15 17 (1.17%) BizTalk Server
16 14 (0.96%) Anypoint
17 13 (0.89%) Appian
17 13 (0.89%) Oracle Service Bus
18 11 (0.75%) Apache Airflow
19 10 (0.69%) Apache ServiceMix
Applications
1 8 (0.55%) Chatbot
2 5 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.34%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
4 3 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.21%) Adobe Premiere
4 3 (0.21%) Sketch
5 2 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.069%) CPLEX
6 1 (0.069%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.069%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 18 (1.23%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.55%) Magento
3 6 (0.41%) Dynamics NAV
4 4 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
5 3 (0.21%) Elite 3E
5 3 (0.21%) Minerva
5 3 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
5 3 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
5 3 (0.21%) SAP TEM
5 3 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.14%) Oracle ERP
6 2 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.14%) SAP SD
6 2 (0.14%) Siebel CRM
6 2 (0.14%) StreamServe
7 1 (0.069%) Markit EDM
7 1 (0.069%) Remedy AR System
7 1 (0.069%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 761 (52.19%) AWS
2 446 (30.59%) Azure
3 296 (20.30%) Serverless
4 260 (17.83%) GCP
5 226 (15.50%) AWS Lambda
6 171 (11.73%) Amazon S3
7 116 (7.96%) Amazon EC2
8 93 (6.38%) Amazon SQS
9 77 (5.28%) Amazon ECS
10 61 (4.18%) Apigee
11 60 (4.12%) AWS Step Functions
12 46 (3.16%) GitHub
13 44 (3.02%) Power Platform
14 41 (2.81%) OpenShift
15 31 (2.13%) AWS CloudFormation
16 30 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
17 28 (1.92%) PaaS
18 22 (1.51%) Office 365
18 22 (1.51%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
19 20 (1.37%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 88 (6.04%) HTTP
2 23 (1.58%) TCP/IP
3 18 (1.23%) Internet
4 12 (0.82%) DNS
4 12 (0.82%) Ethernet
5 9 (0.62%) Firewall
6 7 (0.48%) CTI
6 7 (0.48%) FTP
6 7 (0.48%) Softphone
6 7 (0.48%) VPN
6 7 (0.48%) Wireless
7 6 (0.41%) SMTP
7 6 (0.41%) SSL
8 5 (0.34%) Intranet
8 5 (0.34%) Network Security
8 5 (0.34%) Remote Desktop
9 4 (0.27%) Broadband
9 4 (0.27%) DHCP
9 4 (0.27%) WAN
10 3 (0.21%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (12.76%) SQL Server
2 153 (10.49%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 139 (9.53%) MySQL
4 111 (7.61%) PostgreSQL
5 102 (7.00%) Relational Database
6 99 (6.79%) Amazon RDS
7 85 (5.83%) NoSQL
8 58 (3.98%) Apache Ignite
9 56 (3.84%) Amazon Redshift
10 44 (3.02%) Data Warehouse
10 44 (3.02%) MongoDB
11 37 (2.54%) Big Data
12 34 (2.33%) Power BI
13 28 (1.92%) RDBMS
14 23 (1.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 22 (1.51%) Oracle Database
16 18 (1.23%) Hadoop
17 16 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
18 14 (0.96%) Redis
19 11 (0.75%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 226 (15.50%) Jenkins
2 194 (13.31%) Git (software)
3 110 (7.54%) JIRA
4 93 (6.38%) Maven
5 83 (5.69%) GitLab
6 79 (5.42%) JUnit
7 59 (4.05%) Artifactory
8 58 (3.98%) Cucumber
8 58 (3.98%) Selenium
9 40 (2.74%) Visual Studio
10 37 (2.54%) Subversion
11 35 (2.40%) Mockito
12 34 (2.33%) Gradle
12 34 (2.33%) SonarQube
13 29 (1.99%) NetBeans
14 28 (1.92%) JMeter
15 27 (1.85%) jMock
16 26 (1.78%) Team Foundation Server
17 24 (1.65%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 24 (1.65%) RStudio
General
1 610 (41.84%) Finance
2 373 (25.58%) Front Office
3 194 (13.31%) Banking
4 111 (7.61%) Investment Banking
5 107 (7.34%) Public Sector
6 74 (5.08%) Marketing
7 53 (3.64%) Telecoms
8 44 (3.02%) Manufacturing
9 41 (2.81%) Electronics
10 29 (1.99%) Retail
11 22 (1.51%) Law
12 17 (1.17%) Back Office
13 13 (0.89%) Aerospace
14 12 (0.82%) Military
15 11 (0.75%) Local Government
16 7 (0.48%) Games
16 7 (0.48%) Multimedia
17 6 (0.41%) Billing
18 4 (0.27%) Advertising
18 4 (0.27%) Legal
Job Titles
1 907 (62.21%) Developer
2 288 (19.75%) Software Engineer
3 247 (16.94%) Developer/Software Engineer
4 221 (15.16%) Java Developer
5 184 (12.62%) React Developer
6 158 (10.84%) Architect
6 158 (10.84%) JavaScript Developer
7 142 (9.74%) Python Developer
8 141 (9.67%) AWS Developer
9 114 (7.82%) Senior Developer
10 106 (7.27%) Python Engineer
11 105 (7.20%) AWS Engineer
12 83 (5.69%) Java Engineer
13 79 (5.42%) Python Software Engineer
14 74 (5.08%) Senior Java Developer
15 72 (4.94%) JavaScript Engineer
16 71 (4.87%) Full Stack Developer
17 67 (4.60%) Solutions Architect
18 63 (4.32%) Java Software Engineer
19 62 (4.25%) Integration Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 387 (26.54%) React
2 341 (23.39%) AngularJS
3 290 (19.89%) REST
4 252 (17.28%) Node.js
5 240 (16.46%) .NET
6 234 (16.05%) SOAP
7 217 (14.88%) XML
8 205 (14.06%) RESTful
9 197 (13.51%) Spring
10 196 (13.44%) HTML
11 176 (12.07%) JSON
12 170 (11.66%) Vue.js
13 166 (11.39%) CSS
14 121 (8.30%) Middleware
15 91 (6.24%) HTML5
16 88 (6.04%) Spring Boot
17 84 (5.76%) Apache Camel
17 84 (5.76%) gRPC
18 70 (4.80%) J2EE
19 66 (4.53%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 269 (18.45%) Fixed Income
2 255 (17.49%) Derivative
3 233 (15.98%) Equities
4 188 (12.89%) Hedge funds
5 160 (10.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 96 (6.58%) User Experience
7 90 (6.17%) Analytical Skills
8 88 (6.04%) Blog
9 55 (3.77%) Greenfield Project
10 38 (2.61%) Data Structures
11 35 (2.40%) Credit Derivative
12 30 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
12 30 (2.06%) Mobile App
13 27 (1.85%) Public Cloud
14 20 (1.37%) Algorithms
15 19 (1.30%) Management Information System
16 18 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
17 17 (1.17%) CMDB
18 16 (1.10%) Cloud Native
18 16 (1.10%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 157 (10.77%) Linux
2 97 (6.65%) Windows
3 70 (4.80%) Unix
4 25 (1.71%) Apple iOS
5 23 (1.58%) Android
6 18 (1.23%) Windows Server
7 14 (0.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.62%) CentOS
9 8 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.34%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.27%) AIX
11 4 (0.27%) Amazon Linux
11 4 (0.27%) Windows 10
12 3 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.14%) Mac OS
13 2 (0.14%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.14%) tvOS
14 1 (0.069%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.069%) Tizen
14 1 (0.069%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 841 (57.68%) Agile Software Development
2 535 (36.69%) Software Engineering
3 437 (29.97%) Asset Management
4 305 (20.92%) Investment Management
5 296 (20.30%) Microservices
6 272 (18.66%) DevOps
7 192 (13.17%) Scrum
8 187 (12.83%) TDD
9 150 (10.29%) Open Source
10 130 (8.92%) Test Automation
11 121 (8.30%) SOA
12 120 (8.23%) BDD
13 111 (7.61%) Migration
14 109 (7.48%) Continuous Integration
15 99 (6.79%) SDLC
16 91 (6.24%) Analytics
17 86 (5.90%) Data Modelling
18 82 (5.62%) Problem-Solving
19 80 (5.49%) OO
20 79 (5.42%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 745 (51.10%) Java
2 627 (43.00%) JavaScript
3 521 (35.73%) Python
4 347 (23.80%) SQL
5 191 (13.10%) C#
6 164 (11.25%) Kotlin
7 153 (10.49%) TypeScript
8 62 (4.25%) C++
9 59 (4.05%) R
10 56 (3.84%) Scala
11 54 (3.70%) Java 8
12 41 (2.81%) C
13 40 (2.74%) PHP
14 36 (2.47%) Apex Code
15 32 (2.19%) PL/SQL
15 32 (2.19%) XPath
16 31 (2.13%) T-SQL
17 30 (2.06%) Bash Shell
18 27 (1.85%) PowerShell
19 23 (1.58%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 123 (8.44%) Security Cleared
2 118 (8.09%) SC Cleared
3 99 (6.79%) Degree
4 24 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 15 (1.03%) ISTQB
6 13 (0.89%) Sun Certification
7 12 (0.82%) ISEB
8 9 (0.62%) DV Cleared
8 9 (0.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 8 (0.55%) CCA
10 7 (0.48%) AWS Certification
11 5 (0.34%) Cisco Certification
11 5 (0.34%) CISSP
11 5 (0.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
13 3 (0.21%) BPSS Clearance
13 3 (0.21%) CCIE
13 3 (0.21%) CCNP
13 3 (0.21%) Master's Degree
14 2 (0.14%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (4.46%) QA
2 26 (1.78%) GDPR
3 19 (1.30%) Data Quality
4 7 (0.48%) SLA
5 4 (0.27%) NIST
5 4 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 3 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
6 3 (0.21%) GxP
6 3 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.21%) NCSC
7 2 (0.14%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.069%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
8 1 (0.069%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.069%) PMO
System Software
1 336 (23.05%) Docker
2 28 (1.92%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.41%) Postfix
5 5 (0.34%) VMware NSX
6 4 (0.27%) NDS
6 4 (0.27%) NetIQ eDirectory
7 3 (0.21%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.14%) etcd
8 2 (0.14%) Varnish
8 2 (0.14%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.069%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.069%) HDFS
9 1 (0.069%) LXC
9 1 (0.069%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.069%) UAG
9 1 (0.069%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.069%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 280 (19.20%) Kubernetes
2 212 (14.54%) Terraform
3 59 (4.05%) Ansible
4 27 (1.85%) Puppet
5 21 (1.44%) Packer
6 18 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (0.96%) Single Sign-On
8 12 (0.82%) Kibana
9 9 (0.62%) Grafana
9 9 (0.62%) Prometheus
10 6 (0.41%) Consul
10 6 (0.41%) SCOM
10 6 (0.41%) vCenter Server
11 4 (0.27%) CloudHub
11 4 (0.27%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 4 (0.27%) Red Hat Satellite
12 3 (0.21%) HAProxy
12 3 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
12 3 (0.21%) vRealize
13 2 (0.14%) Nessus
Vendors
1 178 (12.21%) Oracle
2 144 (9.88%) Microsoft
3 127 (8.71%) Google
4 70 (4.80%) Salesforce.com
5 68 (4.66%) SAP
6 44 (3.02%) MuleSoft
7 36 (2.47%) Bloomberg
8 35 (2.40%) Red Hat
9 33 (2.26%) Atlassian
9 33 (2.26%) ServiceNow
10 32 (2.19%) IBM
11 29 (1.99%) Sybase
12 25 (1.71%) VMware
13 18 (1.23%) WSO2
14 16 (1.10%) Dell
14 16 (1.10%) Informatica
14 16 (1.10%) Murex
14 16 (1.10%) webMethods
15 15 (1.03%) Hortonworks
15 15 (1.03%) Splunk