Period
to 26 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 26 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
26 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 67 44 52
Rank change year-on-year -23 +8 -6
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,913 1,693 3,875
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.38% 5.07% 4.60%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 11.23% 16.33% 14.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,433 1,334 2,416
10th Percentile £388 £406 £363
25th Percentile £450 £463 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +10.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £650 £663 £575
90th Percentile £713 £750 £645
UK median daily rate £525 £550 £500
% change year-on-year -4.55% +10.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 6 30
10th Percentile £27.70 £31.03 £39.37
25th Percentile £45.16 £35.39 £45.42
Median hourly rate £51.25 £50.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +1.49% +1.00% +35.56%
75th Percentile £55.00 £62.16 £55.00
90th Percentile £59.90 £65.44 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £50.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year -8.91% +1.00% +48.06%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,042 10,366 27,121
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.15% 31.05% 32.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,354 7,465 19,329
10th Percentile £358 £338 £345
25th Percentile £425 £413 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £619 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £490
% change year-on-year - +2.04% +3.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 163 89 240
10th Percentile £15.16 £20.71 £17.06
25th Percentile £27.25 £30.86 £26.19
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £45.00
75th Percentile £57.13 £61.00 £53.75
90th Percentile £66.40 £66.55 £60.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.96
% change year-on-year - +0.09% +8.25%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 26 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 26 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -32 1,231 £550 -4.35% 340
South East -11 199 £475 - 97
North of England +10 174 £475 +2.70% 153
North West +5 106 £475 +1.33% 97
South West -40 81 £500 -4.76% 70
Midlands -11 71 £405 +1.25% 85
East of England -39 53 £456 -8.75% 53
Yorkshire -3 44 £425 -5.56% 36
West Midlands -23 44 £400 -15.79% 55
North East +13 24 £565 +25.56% 20
East Midlands -5 21 £425 +34.92% 30
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 26 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,022 (53.42%) Agile Software Development
2 888 (46.42%) AWS
3 768 (40.15%) JavaScript
4 701 (36.64%) Java
5 607 (31.73%) Finance
6 522 (27.29%) Software Engineering
7 495 (25.88%) Docker
8 471 (24.62%) React
9 465 (24.31%) SQL
10 461 (24.10%) Azure
11 457 (23.89%) DevOps
12 432 (22.58%) Python
13 427 (22.32%) Node.js
14 419 (21.90%) REST
15 399 (20.86%) Kubernetes
16 353 (18.45%) Terraform
17 336 (17.56%) Asset Management
18 332 (17.35%) Serverless
19 326 (17.04%) Microservices
20 324 (16.94%) Social Skills
21 322 (16.83%) .NET
22 317 (16.57%) Front Office
23 314 (16.41%) Git (software)
24 306 (16.00%) HTML
25 294 (15.37%) SQL Server
26 292 (15.26%) RESTful
27 283 (14.79%) AngularJS
28 281 (14.69%) Jenkins
29 273 (14.27%) Scrum
30 270 (14.11%) Investment Management

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (3.66%) CMS
2 66 (3.45%) Confluence
3 53 (2.77%) Tomcat
4 45 (2.35%) Apache Spark
5 42 (2.20%) Mule
6 41 (2.14%) Apache
7 38 (1.99%) JBoss
8 32 (1.67%) SharePoint
9 28 (1.46%) Red Hat Fuse
10 25 (1.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 18 (0.94%) Anypoint
11 18 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
11 18 (0.94%) Elasticsearch
12 17 (0.89%) WebSphere
13 14 (0.73%) BizTalk Server
13 14 (0.73%) Mule ESB
14 13 (0.68%) EPiServer
14 13 (0.68%) IIS
14 13 (0.68%) WebLogic
15 12 (0.63%) Liferay
Applications
1 17 (0.89%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (0.63%) MS Visio
3 10 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
4 6 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
6 2 (0.10%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.052%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.052%) Figma
7 1 (0.052%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 39 (2.04%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.58%) Magento
3 7 (0.37%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
4 6 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
4 6 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
5 5 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.26%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 5 (0.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.16%) Exchequer
7 3 (0.16%) VisionPLUS
8 2 (0.10%) Markit EDM
8 2 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.10%) SAP R/3
8 2 (0.10%) Sentinel
9 1 (0.052%) OpenText VIM for SAP
9 1 (0.052%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 1 (0.052%) SAP CRM
9 1 (0.052%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 888 (46.42%) AWS
2 461 (24.10%) Azure
3 332 (17.35%) Serverless
4 260 (13.59%) Amazon S3
5 252 (13.17%) AWS Lambda
6 208 (10.87%) GCP
7 189 (9.88%) Amazon SQS
8 169 (8.83%) AWS Step Functions
9 121 (6.33%) PaaS
10 103 (5.38%) IaaS
11 88 (4.60%) SaaS
12 84 (4.39%) Amazon EC2
13 76 (3.97%) GitHub
14 67 (3.50%) Power Platform
15 51 (2.67%) Microsoft 365
16 45 (2.35%) AWS CloudFormation
17 39 (2.04%) Cloud Computing
18 35 (1.83%) Amazon EKS
18 35 (1.83%) Azure Logic Apps
19 34 (1.78%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 100 (5.23%) HTTP
2 54 (2.82%) TCP/IP
3 36 (1.88%) SSL
4 35 (1.83%) Internet
5 28 (1.46%) DNS
5 28 (1.46%) Firewall
6 17 (0.89%) Network Security
7 16 (0.84%) Kerberos
8 14 (0.73%) IPsec
8 14 (0.73%) SAN
9 13 (0.68%) VPN
10 12 (0.63%) Ethernet
11 10 (0.52%) IPv4
11 10 (0.52%) IPv6
11 10 (0.52%) NAS
12 9 (0.47%) Broadband
12 9 (0.47%) Intranet
12 9 (0.47%) OSPF
12 9 (0.47%) SMTP
12 9 (0.47%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 294 (15.37%) SQL Server
2 225 (11.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 192 (10.04%) Amazon RDS
4 132 (6.90%) NoSQL
5 125 (6.53%) Relational Database
6 123 (6.43%) MongoDB
7 106 (5.54%) MySQL
8 80 (4.18%) Big Data
9 74 (3.87%) PostgreSQL
10 46 (2.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 43 (2.25%) Power BI
12 37 (1.93%) Hadoop
13 36 (1.88%) Redis
14 35 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
15 33 (1.73%) Apache Cassandra
16 27 (1.41%) RDBMS
17 26 (1.36%) Data Lake
18 24 (1.25%) Azure SQL Database
18 24 (1.25%) Oracle Database
19 21 (1.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 314 (16.41%) Git (software)
2 281 (14.69%) Jenkins
3 147 (7.68%) JIRA
4 136 (7.11%) Maven
5 101 (5.28%) JUnit
6 75 (3.92%) Cucumber
7 71 (3.71%) Selenium
8 52 (2.72%) GitLab
9 51 (2.67%) Eclipse
9 51 (2.67%) Mockito
9 51 (2.67%) Subversion
10 45 (2.35%) Visual Studio
11 39 (2.04%) TeamCity
12 36 (1.88%) Gradle
13 35 (1.83%) Postman
14 34 (1.78%) Bitbucket
15 30 (1.57%) SoapUI
16 26 (1.36%) NetBeans
16 26 (1.36%) Team Foundation Server
17 25 (1.31%) jMock
General
1 607 (31.73%) Finance
2 324 (16.94%) Social Skills
3 317 (16.57%) Front Office
4 133 (6.95%) Banking
5 117 (6.12%) Analytical Skills
6 100 (5.23%) Public Sector
7 65 (3.40%) Marketing
8 63 (3.29%) Investment Banking
9 54 (2.82%) Retail
10 48 (2.51%) Telecoms
11 41 (2.14%) Presentation Skills
12 27 (1.41%) Manufacturing
13 20 (1.05%) Influencing Skills
14 17 (0.89%) Documentation Skills
15 16 (0.84%) Electronics
16 14 (0.73%) Military
17 13 (0.68%) German Language
17 13 (0.68%) Law
18 11 (0.58%) Aerospace
18 11 (0.58%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,057 (55.25%) Developer
2 265 (13.85%) React Developer
3 213 (11.13%) Software Engineer
4 194 (10.14%) Architect
5 185 (9.67%) Java Developer
6 153 (8.00%) AWS Developer
7 150 (7.84%) Full Stack Developer
8 136 (7.11%) JavaScript Developer
9 123 (6.43%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 120 (6.27%) AWS Engineer
11 118 (6.17%) Senior Developer
12 102 (5.33%) DevOps Engineer
13 96 (5.02%) Node.js Developer
14 91 (4.76%) .NET Developer
15 81 (4.23%) Python Developer
16 74 (3.87%) Solutions Architect
17 62 (3.24%) Designer
18 61 (3.19%) Consultant
19 58 (3.03%) AWS DevOps
20 56 (2.93%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 471 (24.62%) React
2 427 (22.32%) Node.js
3 419 (21.90%) REST
4 322 (16.83%) .NET
5 306 (16.00%) HTML
6 292 (15.26%) RESTful
7 283 (14.79%) AngularJS
8 263 (13.75%) SOAP
9 260 (13.59%) CSS
10 242 (12.65%) Spring
11 241 (12.60%) XML
12 228 (11.92%) Material-UI
13 224 (11.71%) JSON
14 124 (6.48%) Spring Boot
15 110 (5.75%) HTML5
16 94 (4.91%) Vue.js
17 92 (4.81%) Hibernate
18 77 (4.03%) .NET Framework
18 77 (4.03%) JMS
19 76 (3.97%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 132 (6.90%) User Experience
2 83 (4.34%) Fixed Income
3 72 (3.76%) Derivative
4 68 (3.55%) Equities
5 59 (3.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 43 (2.25%) Data Structures
7 39 (2.04%) Public Cloud
8 38 (1.99%) Mobile App
9 35 (1.83%) Management Information System
10 32 (1.67%) Cloud Native
11 31 (1.62%) Legacy Systems
12 29 (1.52%) Algorithms
13 28 (1.46%) Enterprise Software
14 27 (1.41%) Hedge funds
15 26 (1.36%) Data Protection Act
16 24 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
17 21 (1.10%) Data Centre
18 20 (1.05%) Social Media
19 19 (0.99%) Greenfield Project
20 18 (0.94%) Legacy Applications
Operating Systems
1 261 (13.64%) Linux
2 154 (8.05%) Windows
3 98 (5.12%) Unix
4 33 (1.73%) Windows Server
5 32 (1.67%) Apple iOS
6 28 (1.46%) Android
6 28 (1.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (0.47%) Ubuntu
7 9 (0.47%) Windows 10
8 7 (0.37%) CentOS
9 6 (0.31%) tvOS
9 6 (0.31%) zOS
10 5 (0.26%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.26%) Solaris
10 5 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
10 5 (0.26%) Windows Server 2016
11 2 (0.10%) AIX
11 2 (0.10%) OS/400
11 2 (0.10%) Windows 2000
11 2 (0.10%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,022 (53.42%) Agile Software Development
2 522 (27.29%) Software Engineering
3 457 (23.89%) DevOps
4 336 (17.56%) Asset Management
5 326 (17.04%) Microservices
6 273 (14.27%) Scrum
7 270 (14.11%) Investment Management
8 245 (12.81%) TDD
9 239 (12.49%) Continuous Integration
10 189 (9.88%) Test Automation
11 179 (9.36%) MVC
12 159 (8.31%) Problem-Solving
13 141 (7.37%) Migration
14 135 (7.06%) SDLC
15 131 (6.85%) BDD
15 131 (6.85%) Unit Testing
16 128 (6.69%) SOA
17 122 (6.38%) OO
18 107 (5.59%) Web Development
19 101 (5.28%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 768 (40.15%) JavaScript
2 701 (36.64%) Java
3 465 (24.31%) SQL
4 432 (22.58%) Python
5 266 (13.90%) TypeScript
6 263 (13.75%) C#
7 103 (5.38%) Kotlin
8 93 (4.86%) Java 8
9 83 (4.34%) PowerShell
10 66 (3.45%) PHP
11 63 (3.29%) Bash Shell
12 58 (3.03%) Scala
13 56 (2.93%) Ruby
14 50 (2.61%) C++
14 50 (2.61%) PL/SQL
15 42 (2.20%) Apex Code
16 41 (2.14%) C
16 41 (2.14%) T-SQL
17 36 (1.88%) Perl
17 36 (1.88%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 155 (8.10%) Security Cleared
2 152 (7.95%) Degree
3 139 (7.27%) SC Cleared
4 32 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
5 27 (1.41%) AWS Certification
6 19 (0.99%) DV Cleared
7 13 (0.68%) ISTQB
8 12 (0.63%) Master's Degree
9 9 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
9 9 (0.47%) TOGAF Certification
10 8 (0.42%) CISSP
11 7 (0.37%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 6 (0.31%) CCA
12 6 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
12 6 (0.31%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
13 5 (0.26%) CCNA
13 5 (0.26%) CCNP
13 5 (0.26%) CISM
13 5 (0.26%) ISEB
14 4 (0.21%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 83 (4.34%) QA
2 21 (1.10%) Accessibility
3 18 (0.94%) Data Quality
4 12 (0.63%) WCAG
5 10 (0.52%) GDPR
6 7 (0.37%) SLA
7 6 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 6 (0.31%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
9 3 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 3 (0.16%) MiFID
9 3 (0.16%) PMO
10 2 (0.10%) NIST
10 2 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.052%) COBIT
11 1 (0.052%) GLBA
11 1 (0.052%) GRC
11 1 (0.052%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 1 (0.052%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 495 (25.88%) Docker
2 56 (2.93%) Active Directory
3 29 (1.52%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.78%) RACF
5 13 (0.68%) Virtual Machines
6 8 (0.42%) vSphere
7 6 (0.31%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.21%) vCloud
9 3 (0.16%) Postfix
9 3 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.16%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.10%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 2 (0.10%) KVM
11 1 (0.052%) HDFS
11 1 (0.052%) NDS
11 1 (0.052%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 1 (0.052%) Varnish
11 1 (0.052%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 399 (20.86%) Kubernetes
2 353 (18.45%) Terraform
3 122 (6.38%) Ansible
4 36 (1.88%) Puppet
5 35 (1.83%) Grafana
6 34 (1.78%) Single Sign-On
7 29 (1.52%) Prometheus
8 26 (1.36%) Opscode Chef
9 16 (0.84%) Packer
10 12 (0.63%) CloudHub
11 10 (0.52%) Microsoft Intune
12 8 (0.42%) Graylog
13 7 (0.37%) Kibana
14 6 (0.31%) Nagios
14 6 (0.31%) Red Hat Satellite
15 4 (0.21%) Galera Cluster
15 4 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
15 4 (0.21%) logstash
15 4 (0.21%) Red Hat Spacewalk
16 3 (0.16%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 230 (12.02%) Oracle
2 229 (11.97%) Microsoft
3 86 (4.50%) Salesforce.com
4 67 (3.50%) Google
5 61 (3.19%) SAP
6 48 (2.51%) MuleSoft
7 41 (2.14%) ServiceNow
7 41 (2.14%) VMware
8 38 (1.99%) IBM
9 28 (1.46%) Splunk
10 24 (1.25%) Sybase
11 23 (1.20%) Red Hat
12 22 (1.15%) Atlassian
12 22 (1.15%) hybris
12 22 (1.15%) Informatica
13 19 (0.99%) Dell
14 15 (0.78%) Cloudera
14 15 (0.78%) F5
15 12 (0.63%) Cisco
15 12 (0.63%) Hortonworks