Period
to 20 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 20 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
20 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 40 34 37
Rank change year-on-year -6 +3 +1
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4585 4942 4760
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.02% 5.02% 4.57%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.54% 16.45% 16.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 3188 3534 3257
England median daily rate £450 £438 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +6.06% +3.13%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £300
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 59 65 85
England median hourly rate £41.00 £43.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.65% +7.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £24.25 £26.95 £22.06
90th Percentile £50.00 £58.59 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £43.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.81% +7.50% +6.67%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29500 30043 29668
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.29% 30.52% 28.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 20866 21047 20522
England median daily rate £450 £425 £408
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +4.29% +1.88%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +0.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 354 353 483
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +1.24% +8.94%
10th Percentile £18.58 £13.50 £14.05
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +8.11% -1.33% +8.70%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 20 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 2452 £500 +5.26% 192
South East +5 915 £400 -5.88% 104
North of England -7 423 £425 +4.94% 112
Midlands -13 293 £400 +6.67% 49
North West -3 253 £425 +6.25% 60
South West -3 245 £400 +6.67% 35
East of England -12 244 £450 +12.50% 51
West Midlands -16 155 £425 +13.33% 26
East Midlands -7 138 £375 +3.45% 23
Yorkshire -25 123 £425 - 42
North East +25 47 £463 +12.12% 10
South Coast - 2 - -
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 20 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2337 (50.97%) Agile Software Development
2 2157 (47.04%) Java
3 1385 (30.21%) JavaScript
4 1206 (26.30%) REST
5 1199 (26.15%) TDD
6 1172 (25.56%) Amazon AWS
7 1163 (25.37%) SQL
8 1150 (25.08%) HTML
9 995 (21.70%) RESTful
10 993 (21.66%) CSS
11 968 (21.11%) .NET
12 965 (21.05%) SOAP
13 959 (20.92%) Git (software)
14 919 (20.04%) Continuous Integration
15 912 (19.89%) Scrum
16 898 (19.59%) XML
17 852 (18.58%) C#
18 812 (17.71%) Spring
19 783 (17.08%) Finance
20 780 (17.01%) Linux
21 771 (16.82%) Jenkins
22 765 (16.68%) AngularJS
23 758 (16.53%) SQL Server
24 753 (16.42%) MVC
25 716 (15.62%) Oracle
26 696 (15.18%) DevOps
27 683 (14.90%) Test Automation
28 642 (14.00%) JSON
29 636 (13.87%) BDD
30 601 (13.11%) Microsoft

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 218 (4.75%) JBoss
2 200 (4.36%) Apache
3 195 (4.25%) Tomcat
4 193 (4.21%) Confluence
5 181 (3.95%) WebSphere
6 151 (3.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 143 (3.12%) CMS
8 136 (2.97%) IIS
9 127 (2.77%) Elasticsearch
10 110 (2.40%) WebLogic
11 86 (1.88%) SharePoint
12 83 (1.81%) Apache Spark
13 55 (1.20%) Mule
14 50 (1.09%) WebSphere Application Server
15 48 (1.05%) nginx
16 41 (0.89%) Apache Solr
17 39 (0.85%) WildFly
18 36 (0.79%) Sitecore CMS
19 35 (0.76%) BizTalk Server
19 35 (0.76%) Drupal
Applications
1 59 (1.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (0.85%) MS Visio
3 18 (0.39%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
5 12 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (0.24%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 11 (0.24%) OmniGraffle
7 9 (0.20%) Photoshop
8 7 (0.15%) SmartSuite
9 4 (0.087%) Spreadsheet
10 3 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
10 3 (0.065%) Simulink
11 2 (0.044%) Adobe After Effects
11 2 (0.044%) Adobe Premiere
11 2 (0.044%) InDesign
11 2 (0.044%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.044%) Mingle
11 2 (0.044%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 68 (1.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 34 (0.74%) Payment Gateway
3 25 (0.55%) Magento
4 21 (0.46%) Oracle BPM
5 20 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
6 12 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
7 9 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
8 8 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
9 7 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
9 7 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
9 7 (0.15%) SAP IS-U
10 6 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
10 6 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
10 6 (0.13%) Pega PRPC
11 5 (0.11%) NetSuite
11 5 (0.11%) OpenText Process Suite
11 5 (0.11%) RMDS
12 4 (0.087%) Oracle CRM
12 4 (0.087%) SAP Retail
12 4 (0.087%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 1172 (25.56%) Amazon AWS
2 370 (8.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 145 (3.16%) SaaS
4 101 (2.20%) Serverless
5 98 (2.14%) AWS CloudFormation
6 93 (2.03%) IaaS
7 86 (1.88%) PaaS
8 82 (1.79%) Amazon EC2
9 72 (1.57%) AWS Lambda
9 72 (1.57%) GitHub
10 70 (1.53%) Amazon S3
11 65 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
12 59 (1.29%) npm
13 56 (1.22%) Google Cloud Platform
14 52 (1.13%) Office 365
15 33 (0.72%) OpenShift
16 32 (0.70%) Amazon SQS
17 28 (0.61%) Google Analytics
17 28 (0.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 27 (0.59%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 179 (3.90%) HTTP
2 152 (3.32%) Internet
3 110 (2.40%) TCP/IP
4 91 (1.98%) LDAP
5 89 (1.94%) DNS
6 85 (1.85%) SSL
7 81 (1.77%) Firewall
8 50 (1.09%) VPN
9 45 (0.98%) FTP
10 42 (0.92%) Network Security
11 34 (0.74%) Intranet
12 24 (0.52%) SSH
13 23 (0.50%) SMS
14 22 (0.48%) DHCP
14 22 (0.48%) LAN
14 22 (0.48%) WAN
15 21 (0.46%) SAN
16 19 (0.41%) SMTP
17 15 (0.33%) SNMP
18 14 (0.31%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 758 (16.53%) SQL Server
2 352 (7.68%) Relational Database
3 329 (7.18%) NoSQL
4 304 (6.63%) MongoDB
5 268 (5.85%) MySQL
6 215 (4.69%) Big Data
7 197 (4.30%) PostgreSQL
8 156 (3.40%) Hadoop
8 156 (3.40%) Oracle Database
9 128 (2.79%) RDBMS
10 115 (2.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 92 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
12 91 (1.98%) SQL Server 2012
13 83 (1.81%) Apache Cassandra
13 83 (1.81%) SQL Server 2008
14 81 (1.77%) HBase
15 77 (1.68%) Redis
16 66 (1.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 55 (1.20%) Apache Hive
18 52 (1.13%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 959 (20.92%) Git (software)
2 771 (16.82%) Jenkins
3 491 (10.71%) Maven
4 446 (9.73%) JIRA
5 333 (7.26%) JUnit
6 313 (6.83%) Selenium
7 285 (6.22%) Subversion
8 200 (4.36%) Cucumber
9 181 (3.95%) Team Foundation Server
10 163 (3.56%) Eclipse
10 163 (3.56%) SoapUI
10 163 (3.56%) Visual Studio
11 158 (3.45%) TeamCity
12 149 (3.25%) Gradle
13 144 (3.14%) Ant
14 129 (2.81%) Mockito
15 119 (2.60%) gulp
16 111 (2.42%) WebDriver
17 107 (2.33%) IntelliJ
18 102 (2.22%) Grunt
General
1 783 (17.08%) Finance
2 366 (7.98%) Banking
3 178 (3.88%) Retail
4 164 (3.58%) Marketing
5 136 (2.97%) Telecoms
6 82 (1.79%) Front Office
7 80 (1.74%) Manufacturing
8 63 (1.37%) Electronics
9 62 (1.35%) Games
10 52 (1.13%) Investment Banking
11 47 (1.03%) Publishing
12 35 (0.76%) Legal
13 31 (0.68%) Advertising
14 27 (0.59%) Automotive
14 27 (0.59%) Financial Institution
15 23 (0.50%) Retail Banking
16 20 (0.44%) Back Office
17 18 (0.39%) Corporate Banking
17 18 (0.39%) Law
18 15 (0.33%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2805 (61.18%) Developer
2 1029 (22.44%) Java Developer
3 422 (9.20%) Architect
4 399 (8.70%) .NET Developer
5 290 (6.32%) C# Developer
6 284 (6.19%) Senior Developer
7 258 (5.63%) DevOps Engineer
8 227 (4.95%) Analyst
9 192 (4.19%) C# .NET Developer
10 169 (3.69%) JavaScript Developer
11 160 (3.49%) Agile Developer
12 158 (3.45%) Consultant
13 152 (3.32%) Senior Java Developer
14 149 (3.25%) Full Stack Developer
15 145 (3.16%) AWS Engineer
15 145 (3.16%) Tester
16 144 (3.14%) Web Developer
17 137 (2.99%) AWS DevOps
18 126 (2.75%) SQL Developer
19 121 (2.64%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1206 (26.30%) REST
2 1150 (25.08%) HTML
3 995 (21.70%) RESTful
4 993 (21.66%) CSS
5 968 (21.11%) .NET
6 965 (21.05%) SOAP
7 898 (19.59%) XML
8 812 (17.71%) Spring
9 765 (16.68%) AngularJS
10 642 (14.00%) JSON
11 538 (11.73%) HTML5
12 441 (9.62%) Node.js
13 423 (9.23%) jQuery
14 406 (8.85%) Hibernate
15 396 (8.64%) ASP.NET
16 384 (8.38%) J2EE
17 326 (7.11%) React
18 324 (7.07%) CSS3
19 311 (6.78%) ASP.NET Web API
20 277 (6.04%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 307 (6.70%) Analytical Skills
2 225 (4.91%) User Experience
3 194 (4.23%) Computer Science
4 183 (3.99%) Mobile App
5 176 (3.84%) Enterprise Software
6 170 (3.71%) Greenfield Project
7 89 (1.94%) Algorithms
8 83 (1.81%) N-Tier
9 79 (1.72%) Data Structures
10 78 (1.70%) Client/Server
11 75 (1.64%) Virtual Team
12 71 (1.55%) iPad
13 63 (1.37%) Public Cloud
14 48 (1.05%) Management Information System
15 47 (1.03%) Social Media
16 42 (0.92%) Fintech
17 38 (0.83%) CMDB
17 38 (0.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 35 (0.76%) Fixed Income
19 34 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 780 (17.01%) Linux
2 466 (10.16%) Windows
3 380 (8.29%) Unix
4 136 (2.97%) Apple iOS
5 131 (2.86%) Android
6 112 (2.44%) Windows Server
7 83 (1.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 65 (1.42%) CentOS
9 55 (1.20%) Windows Server 2012
10 39 (0.85%) Windows Server 2008
11 35 (0.76%) Mac OS X
12 26 (0.57%) Ubuntu
13 21 (0.46%) Solaris
14 18 (0.39%) HPUX
15 14 (0.31%) SUSE
16 12 (0.26%) AIX
16 12 (0.26%) Windows 10
17 11 (0.24%) Debian
18 10 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
19 6 (0.13%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 2337 (50.97%) Agile Software Development
2 1199 (26.15%) TDD
3 919 (20.04%) Continuous Integration
4 912 (19.89%) Scrum
5 753 (16.42%) MVC
6 696 (15.18%) DevOps
7 683 (14.90%) Test Automation
8 636 (13.87%) BDD
9 506 (11.04%) SOA
10 502 (10.95%) Microservices
11 455 (9.92%) OO
12 420 (9.16%) Web Development
13 376 (8.20%) Software Engineering
14 365 (7.96%) E-Commerce
15 349 (7.61%) Open Source
16 348 (7.59%) Unit Testing
17 329 (7.18%) Kanban
18 295 (6.43%) SDLC
19 272 (5.93%) Configuration Management
20 262 (5.71%) Front End Development
Programming Languages
1 2157 (47.04%) Java
2 1385 (30.21%) JavaScript
3 1163 (25.37%) SQL
4 852 (18.58%) C#
5 561 (12.24%) Python
6 263 (5.74%) Ruby
7 234 (5.10%) T-SQL
8 199 (4.34%) Scala
9 177 (3.86%) Groovy
10 162 (3.53%) PHP
11 161 (3.51%) PL/SQL
12 160 (3.49%) Bash Shell
13 158 (3.45%) PowerShell
14 122 (2.66%) Shell Script
15 120 (2.62%) Perl
16 115 (2.51%) VB.NET
17 88 (1.92%) Apple Swift
18 82 (1.79%) C
19 79 (1.72%) ES6
19 79 (1.72%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 299 (6.52%) Security Cleared
2 261 (5.69%) Degree
3 212 (4.62%) SC Cleared
4 80 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 41 (0.89%) ISEB
6 37 (0.81%) ISTQB
7 36 (0.79%) AWS Certification
8 32 (0.70%) DV Cleared
9 24 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
10 22 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
11 18 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
12 14 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
13 13 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 12 (0.26%) CISSP
15 11 (0.24%) ISEB Practitioner
16 10 (0.22%) CISM
16 10 (0.22%) CTC Cleared
16 10 (0.22%) Master's Degree
17 8 (0.17%) CHECK Team Member
18 7 (0.15%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 323 (7.04%) QA
2 25 (0.55%) MiFID
3 22 (0.48%) SLA
4 15 (0.33%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (0.26%) GDPR
6 12 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.20%) Actionable Recommendations
8 8 (0.17%) GCP
9 6 (0.13%) COBIT
9 6 (0.13%) HL7
10 5 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
10 5 (0.11%) EMIR
10 5 (0.11%) GPG13
11 3 (0.065%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.065%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.044%) FedRAMP
12 2 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 2 (0.044%) RosettaNet
12 2 (0.044%) Solvency II
System Software
1 474 (10.34%) Docker
2 130 (2.84%) Active Directory
3 59 (1.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 40 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (0.72%) VMware ESXi
6 24 (0.52%) Apache Flume
7 21 (0.46%) HDFS
8 20 (0.44%) vSphere
9 17 (0.37%) Hyper-V
10 14 (0.31%) Varnish
11 11 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 7 (0.15%) LXC
13 5 (0.11%) FreeRADIUS
13 5 (0.11%) UAG
14 4 (0.087%) vCloud
15 3 (0.065%) etcd
15 3 (0.065%) OpenAM
15 3 (0.065%) OpenIDM
15 3 (0.065%) Virtual Servers
15 3 (0.065%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 266 (5.80%) Ansible
2 251 (5.47%) Puppet
3 192 (4.19%) Opscode Chef
4 150 (3.27%) Kubernetes
5 119 (2.60%) Terraform
6 70 (1.53%) logstash
7 53 (1.16%) Kibana
8 37 (0.81%) HP Quality Center
9 25 (0.55%) Packer
10 24 (0.52%) Salt
11 23 (0.50%) Nagios
12 21 (0.46%) Consul
12 21 (0.46%) SCCM
13 20 (0.44%) Grafana
14 17 (0.37%) Rancher
15 16 (0.35%) Control-M
16 15 (0.33%) HAProxy
16 15 (0.33%) SCOM
17 14 (0.31%) ITRS Geneos
17 14 (0.31%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 716 (15.62%) Oracle
2 601 (13.11%) Microsoft
3 162 (3.53%) IBM
4 143 (3.12%) SAP
5 126 (2.75%) ServiceNow
6 114 (2.49%) Salesforce.com
7 113 (2.46%) VMware
8 112 (2.44%) Google
9 106 (2.31%) Red Hat
10 88 (1.92%) Sitecore
11 78 (1.70%) HP
12 63 (1.37%) New Relic
13 59 (1.29%) ATG
14 55 (1.20%) Adobe
15 53 (1.16%) WSO2
16 46 (1.00%) hybris
17 44 (0.96%) MuleSoft
18 41 (0.89%) Sybase
19 39 (0.85%) TIBCO
20 36 (0.79%) Xamarin