Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 45 41 35
Rank change year-on-year -4 -6 +3
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4,624 4,849 4,925
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.87% 5.12% 4.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.81% 15.75% 16.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,144 3,441 3,502
England median daily rate £478 £463 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.24% +5.71% +5.42%
10th Percentile £340 £320 £313
90th Percentile £625 £613 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 63 68
England median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +4.65% +7.50%
10th Percentile £25.51 £25.25 £29.85
90th Percentile £69.88 £52.00 £58.04
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £44.75
% change year-on-year - +0.56% +11.88%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,476 30,785 30,660
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.23% 32.53% 31.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,836 21,905 21,382
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 293 367 356
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £17.10 £18.65 £14.53
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.50 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £38.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% +5.26% +1.33%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 2,234 £525 +5.00% 508
South East -7 781 £450 +12.50% 225
North of England +1 552 £415 -2.41% 275
Midlands +11 457 £425 +6.25% 196
East of England +24 405 £525 +10.88% 138
North West -4 314 £410 -3.53% 149
West Midlands +9 286 £425 - 132
South West -30 190 £450 +12.50% 119
Yorkshire +16 170 £413 -1.79% 100
East Midlands +12 168 £438 +12.90% 64
North East +10 68 £425 +17.24% 26
South Coast 0 1 - -
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,478 (53.59%) Agile Software Development
2 2,043 (44.18%) Java
3 1,517 (32.81%) Amazon AWS
4 1,312 (28.37%) JavaScript
5 1,241 (26.84%) TDD
6 1,157 (25.02%) SQL
7 1,140 (24.65%) REST
8 1,031 (22.30%) RESTful
9 1,009 (21.82%) SOAP
10 988 (21.37%) .NET
11 913 (19.74%) HTML
12 908 (19.64%) Jenkins
13 903 (19.53%) DevOps
14 901 (19.49%) Scrum
15 899 (19.44%) C#
16 882 (19.07%) Git (software)
17 834 (18.04%) Spring
18 822 (17.78%) Finance
19 797 (17.24%) Continuous Integration
20 796 (17.21%) Microservices
20 796 (17.21%) XML
21 767 (16.59%) CSS
22 740 (16.00%) Docker
23 730 (15.79%) Test Automation
24 699 (15.12%) BDD
25 684 (14.79%) Linux
26 666 (14.40%) SQL Server
27 628 (13.58%) MVC
28 608 (13.15%) JSON
29 602 (13.02%) AngularJS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 241 (5.21%) Confluence
2 156 (3.37%) Elasticsearch
3 143 (3.09%) Tomcat
4 139 (3.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 129 (2.79%) JBoss
6 125 (2.70%) Apache
7 123 (2.66%) Mule
8 120 (2.60%) CMS
9 112 (2.42%) IIS
10 95 (2.05%) WebSphere
11 86 (1.86%) SharePoint
12 72 (1.56%) Oracle Service Bus
13 69 (1.49%) MQSeries
14 60 (1.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 57 (1.23%) WebLogic
16 40 (0.87%) Apache Solr
16 40 (0.87%) Apache Spark
17 35 (0.76%) Cloud Foundry
18 34 (0.74%) Drupal
19 33 (0.71%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 38 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 33 (0.71%) Microsoft Office
3 27 (0.58%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
5 9 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.17%) GIMP
6 8 (0.17%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 6 (0.13%) InVision
9 2 (0.043%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.043%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.022%) CATIA
10 1 (0.022%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.022%) SPSS
10 1 (0.022%) Stata
Business Applications
1 70 (1.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.50%) Workday HCM
3 15 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
3 15 (0.32%) Remedy ITSM
4 14 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
5 13 (0.28%) Oracle Financials
5 13 (0.28%) Oracle Receivables
6 12 (0.26%) Oracle EBS R12
7 11 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
8 9 (0.19%) Teamcenter
9 8 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
10 7 (0.15%) Magento
11 6 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
11 6 (0.13%) Remedy AR System
12 5 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
13 4 (0.087%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 4 (0.087%) Visualfiles
14 3 (0.065%) Oracle Applications
14 3 (0.065%) Payment Gateway
15 2 (0.043%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,517 (32.81%) Amazon AWS
2 522 (11.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 290 (6.27%) Amazon EC2
4 196 (4.24%) Amazon S3
5 160 (3.46%) Serverless
6 140 (3.03%) SaaS
7 124 (2.68%) Google Cloud Platform
8 122 (2.64%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 118 (2.55%) AWS CloudFormation
10 111 (2.40%) AWS Lambda
10 111 (2.40%) GitHub
11 82 (1.77%) PaaS
12 66 (1.43%) Amazon EMR
13 65 (1.41%) Cloud Computing
14 62 (1.34%) IaaS
15 54 (1.17%) Office 365
15 54 (1.17%) OpenShift
16 48 (1.04%) Amazon SQS
17 47 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 43 (0.93%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 116 (2.51%) Firewall
2 110 (2.38%) TCP/IP
3 104 (2.25%) HTTP
4 95 (2.05%) Internet
5 72 (1.56%) DNS
6 59 (1.28%) VPN
7 58 (1.25%) SSL
8 37 (0.80%) Network Security
9 34 (0.74%) SAN
10 32 (0.69%) WAN
11 31 (0.67%) LAN
12 28 (0.61%) Ethernet
13 26 (0.56%) Reverse Proxy
14 20 (0.43%) SSH
15 19 (0.41%) FTP
16 17 (0.37%) AMQP
17 16 (0.35%) DMZ
18 15 (0.32%) HTTPS
19 14 (0.30%) Kerberos
20 13 (0.28%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 666 (14.40%) SQL Server
2 359 (7.76%) NoSQL
3 336 (7.27%) Relational Database
4 295 (6.38%) MongoDB
5 266 (5.75%) MySQL
6 190 (4.11%) PostgreSQL
7 146 (3.16%) Hadoop
8 145 (3.14%) Apache Cassandra
9 129 (2.79%) Oracle Database
10 123 (2.66%) Big Data
11 116 (2.51%) Data Warehouse
12 113 (2.44%) RDBMS
13 95 (2.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 91 (1.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 86 (1.86%) Amazon RDS
16 84 (1.82%) Amazon Redshift
17 72 (1.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 71 (1.54%) Couchbase
19 57 (1.23%) DB2
20 53 (1.15%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 908 (19.64%) Jenkins
2 882 (19.07%) Git (software)
3 514 (11.12%) JIRA
4 510 (11.03%) Maven
5 386 (8.35%) Selenium
6 338 (7.31%) JUnit
7 224 (4.84%) Visual Studio
8 211 (4.56%) Cucumber
9 197 (4.26%) SoapUI
10 193 (4.17%) Subversion
11 177 (3.83%) TeamCity
12 152 (3.29%) Mockito
13 140 (3.03%) Gradle
14 137 (2.96%) Eclipse
15 132 (2.85%) Team Foundation Server
16 110 (2.38%) SonarQube
17 108 (2.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 100 (2.16%) Octopus Deploy
19 94 (2.03%) JMeter
20 92 (1.99%) jMock
General
1 822 (17.78%) Finance
2 355 (7.68%) Banking
3 195 (4.22%) Marketing
3 195 (4.22%) Retail
4 156 (3.37%) Telecoms
5 154 (3.33%) Front Office
6 141 (3.05%) Manufacturing
7 119 (2.57%) Electronics
8 82 (1.77%) Games
9 72 (1.56%) Investment Banking
10 71 (1.54%) Back Office
11 47 (1.02%) Legal
12 43 (0.93%) Publishing
13 38 (0.82%) Financial Institution
14 34 (0.74%) Law
15 24 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
16 23 (0.50%) Advertising
17 22 (0.48%) Aerospace
17 22 (0.48%) Military
18 16 (0.35%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,573 (55.64%) Developer
2 932 (20.16%) Java Developer
3 461 (9.97%) .NET Developer
4 457 (9.88%) Architect
5 352 (7.61%) Senior Developer
6 297 (6.42%) DevOps Engineer
7 281 (6.08%) C# Developer
8 254 (5.49%) Analyst
9 215 (4.65%) AWS Engineer
10 177 (3.83%) C# .NET Developer
11 172 (3.72%) Full Stack Developer
12 171 (3.70%) Senior Java Developer
13 153 (3.31%) Tester
14 149 (3.22%) Lead Developer
14 149 (3.22%) Software Engineer
15 148 (3.20%) Consultant
16 145 (3.14%) AWS DevOps
17 137 (2.96%) Solutions Architect
18 134 (2.90%) AWS Developer
19 125 (2.70%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,140 (24.65%) REST
2 1,031 (22.30%) RESTful
3 1,009 (21.82%) SOAP
4 988 (21.37%) .NET
5 913 (19.74%) HTML
6 834 (18.04%) Spring
7 796 (17.21%) XML
8 767 (16.59%) CSS
9 608 (13.15%) JSON
10 602 (13.02%) AngularJS
11 445 (9.62%) Spring Boot
12 423 (9.15%) ASP.NET
13 393 (8.50%) jQuery
14 388 (8.39%) HTML5
14 388 (8.39%) Node.js
15 351 (7.59%) Hibernate
16 350 (7.57%) React
17 330 (7.14%) J2EE
18 281 (6.08%) Middleware
19 278 (6.01%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 353 (7.63%) Greenfield Project
2 319 (6.90%) Analytical Skills
3 208 (4.50%) User Experience
4 176 (3.81%) Computer Science
5 145 (3.14%) Mobile App
6 129 (2.79%) Enterprise Software
7 102 (2.21%) Public Cloud
8 90 (1.95%) Fintech
9 80 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
10 77 (1.67%) Fixed Income
11 71 (1.54%) Data Centre
12 58 (1.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 57 (1.23%) Equities
14 55 (1.19%) Algorithms
14 55 (1.19%) Management Information System
15 51 (1.10%) Data Structures
15 51 (1.10%) Replication
16 50 (1.08%) NHS
17 40 (0.87%) Client/Server
18 34 (0.74%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 684 (14.79%) Linux
2 400 (8.65%) Windows
3 292 (6.31%) Unix
4 139 (3.01%) Windows Server
5 114 (2.47%) Apple iOS
5 114 (2.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 106 (2.29%) Android
7 45 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
8 36 (0.78%) Solaris
9 33 (0.71%) Windows 10
10 32 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
11 31 (0.67%) CentOS
12 22 (0.48%) Ubuntu
13 20 (0.43%) AIX
14 18 (0.39%) Mac OS
15 16 (0.35%) Mac OS X
16 13 (0.28%) Windows 7
17 12 (0.26%) SUSE
18 8 (0.17%) Windows 8
18 8 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,478 (53.59%) Agile Software Development
2 1,241 (26.84%) TDD
3 903 (19.53%) DevOps
4 901 (19.49%) Scrum
5 797 (17.24%) Continuous Integration
6 796 (17.21%) Microservices
7 730 (15.79%) Test Automation
8 699 (15.12%) BDD
9 628 (13.58%) MVC
10 457 (9.88%) Software Engineering
11 436 (9.43%) SOA
12 406 (8.78%) Open Source
13 373 (8.07%) Kanban
14 357 (7.72%) Unit Testing
15 346 (7.48%) Problem-Solving
16 323 (6.99%) SDLC
17 322 (6.96%) OO
18 314 (6.79%) E-Commerce
19 281 (6.08%) Migration
20 249 (5.38%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,043 (44.18%) Java
2 1,312 (28.37%) JavaScript
3 1,157 (25.02%) SQL
4 899 (19.44%) C#
5 527 (11.40%) Python
6 493 (10.66%) Java 8
7 258 (5.58%) Scala
8 187 (4.04%) Groovy
9 164 (3.55%) Ruby
10 163 (3.53%) C++
11 158 (3.42%) T-SQL
12 142 (3.07%) PowerShell
13 137 (2.96%) Bash Shell
13 137 (2.96%) PL/SQL
14 115 (2.49%) PHP
15 84 (1.82%) Perl
16 79 (1.71%) Java 9
17 70 (1.51%) C
18 68 (1.47%) XPath
19 67 (1.45%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 395 (8.54%) Security Cleared
2 301 (6.51%) SC Cleared
3 274 (5.93%) Degree
4 72 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 65 (1.41%) AWS Certification
5 65 (1.41%) DV Cleared
6 57 (1.23%) ISTQB
7 53 (1.15%) ISEB
8 34 (0.74%) CISSP
9 32 (0.69%) CISM
10 27 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
10 27 (0.58%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 23 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
12 22 (0.48%) CISA
12 22 (0.48%) ITIL Certification
13 17 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
14 13 (0.28%) ISSAP
14 13 (0.28%) ISSMP
14 13 (0.28%) Master's Degree
15 12 (0.26%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 294 (6.36%) QA
2 39 (0.84%) GDPR
3 32 (0.69%) SLA
4 28 (0.61%) PCI DSS
4 28 (0.61%) PMO
5 25 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (0.37%) Data Quality
7 15 (0.32%) HMG Infosec
7 15 (0.32%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 15 (0.32%) JSP 440
8 13 (0.28%) HIPAA
8 13 (0.28%) ISO 9001
8 13 (0.28%) WCAG
9 12 (0.26%) FedRAMP
10 10 (0.22%) HL7
11 9 (0.19%) IFRS
12 8 (0.17%) IFRS 9
12 8 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 8 (0.17%) PSD2
12 8 (0.17%) WAI
System Software
1 740 (16.00%) Docker
2 137 (2.96%) Active Directory
3 106 (2.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 73 (1.58%) vSphere
5 21 (0.45%) XenApp
6 20 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
7 12 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
7 12 (0.26%) VirtualBox
8 11 (0.24%) Hyper-V
8 11 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (0.19%) XenDesktop
10 8 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.15%) ISA Server
11 7 (0.15%) OpenAM
11 7 (0.15%) vCloud
12 6 (0.13%) etcd
13 5 (0.11%) LXC
13 5 (0.11%) NFS
13 5 (0.11%) Xen
14 4 (0.087%) KVM
Systems Management
1 336 (7.27%) Terraform
2 323 (6.99%) Ansible
3 303 (6.55%) Kubernetes
4 205 (4.43%) Puppet
5 204 (4.41%) Opscode Chef
6 58 (1.25%) Mesos
7 56 (1.21%) Single Sign-On
8 50 (1.08%) Packer
9 45 (0.97%) Kibana
10 43 (0.93%) logstash
11 35 (0.76%) SCCM
12 19 (0.41%) HP Quality Center
12 19 (0.41%) Prometheus
13 16 (0.35%) Nagios
14 15 (0.32%) Salt
15 14 (0.30%) Marathon
15 14 (0.30%) SCOM
16 12 (0.26%) HP ALM
17 11 (0.24%) Consul
17 11 (0.24%) Grafana
Vendors
1 601 (13.00%) Oracle
2 559 (12.09%) Microsoft
3 195 (4.22%) SAP
4 185 (4.00%) Google
5 152 (3.29%) VMware
6 112 (2.42%) IBM
7 104 (2.25%) Splunk
8 98 (2.12%) Atlassian
9 91 (1.97%) ServiceNow
10 87 (1.88%) Salesforce.com
11 82 (1.77%) Red Hat
12 76 (1.64%) Adobe
13 70 (1.51%) WSO2
14 53 (1.15%) MuleSoft
14 53 (1.15%) Sitecore
15 52 (1.12%) Citrix
16 46 (0.99%) Sybase
17 40 (0.87%) Informatica
18 39 (0.84%) Cisco
19 36 (0.78%) TIBCO