Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 40 35 35
Rank change year-on-year -5 0 +3
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4893 4890 4758
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.16% 4.99% 4.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.95% 16.27% 15.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 3473 3473 3294
England median daily rate £463 £438 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.71% +4.17% +5.00%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £300
90th Percentile £610 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 64 70 71
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +6.88% +6.67%
10th Percentile £25.38 £29.50 £25.00
90th Percentile £53.38 £57.68 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £43.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.86% +9.38% +3.23%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30685 30052 29794
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.34% 30.68% 28.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 21840 20981 20650
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 370 344 501
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +10.29%
10th Percentile £18.73 £14.56 £14.75
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 2633 £500 +5.26% 289
South East +1 899 £400 -5.88% 119
North of England 0 490 £425 +6.25% 143
Midlands -7 331 £400 +6.67% 62
North West -2 306 £425 +6.25% 79
East of England -6 287 £450 +12.50% 69
South West +9 248 £400 +6.67% 54
West Midlands -9 182 £425 +13.33% 35
East Midlands -2 146 £388 +6.90% 27
Yorkshire -20 130 £420 +1.82% 49
North East +24 54 £350 -12.50% 15
South Coast - 2 - -
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2594 (53.01%) Agile Software Development
2 2343 (47.88%) Java
3 1479 (30.23%) JavaScript
4 1318 (26.94%) TDD
5 1295 (26.47%) Amazon AWS
6 1283 (26.22%) REST
7 1238 (25.30%) SQL
7 1238 (25.30%) HTML
8 1088 (22.24%) RESTful
9 1066 (21.79%) SOAP
10 1062 (21.70%) CSS
11 1042 (21.30%) Git (software)
12 1035 (21.15%) Continuous Integration
13 1025 (20.95%) Scrum
14 994 (20.31%) .NET
15 916 (18.72%) Spring
16 909 (18.58%) Jenkins
17 908 (18.56%) XML
18 894 (18.27%) C#
19 848 (17.33%) Finance
20 841 (17.19%) Linux
21 824 (16.84%) AngularJS
22 812 (16.60%) MVC
23 794 (16.23%) SQL Server
24 769 (15.72%) DevOps
25 759 (15.51%) Oracle
26 701 (14.33%) Test Automation
27 691 (14.12%) JSON
28 682 (13.94%) BDD
29 613 (12.53%) Microsoft

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 228 (4.66%) Confluence
2 223 (4.56%) Tomcat
3 215 (4.39%) JBoss
4 213 (4.35%) Apache
5 169 (3.45%) WebSphere
6 164 (3.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 148 (3.02%) CMS
8 123 (2.51%) Elasticsearch
9 121 (2.47%) IIS
10 115 (2.35%) WebLogic
11 93 (1.90%) SharePoint
12 87 (1.78%) Apache Spark
13 62 (1.27%) Mule
14 60 (1.23%) nginx
15 54 (1.10%) WebSphere Application Server
16 46 (0.94%) Apache Solr
16 46 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
17 36 (0.74%) Drupal
18 35 (0.72%) BizTalk Server
19 34 (0.69%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 55 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (0.86%) MS Visio
3 21 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
4 18 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 12 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
5 12 (0.25%) OmniGraffle
6 10 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.14%) SmartSuite
8 4 (0.082%) Adobe Illustrator
9 3 (0.061%) Adobe After Effects
9 3 (0.061%) Simulink
10 2 (0.041%) Adobe Premiere
10 2 (0.041%) InDesign
10 2 (0.041%) InfoPath
10 2 (0.041%) Mingle
10 2 (0.041%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.041%) SPSS
11 1 (0.020%) Gephi
11 1 (0.020%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 66 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 42 (0.86%) Payment Gateway
3 29 (0.59%) Magento
4 24 (0.49%) Oracle BPM
5 20 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
6 11 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
7 9 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
7 9 (0.18%) Oracle EBS R12
8 8 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
9 7 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
9 7 (0.14%) SAP IS-U
10 6 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
10 6 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
10 6 (0.12%) RMDS
10 6 (0.12%) SAP Retail
11 5 (0.10%) NetSuite
11 5 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 5 (0.10%) SDL Web 8
12 4 (0.082%) Adobe Campaign
12 4 (0.082%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 1295 (26.47%) Amazon AWS
2 439 (8.97%) Microsoft Azure
3 150 (3.07%) SaaS
4 116 (2.37%) Serverless
5 113 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
6 108 (2.21%) AWS CloudFormation
7 105 (2.15%) IaaS
8 92 (1.88%) Amazon S3
9 90 (1.84%) GitHub
10 83 (1.70%) PaaS
11 79 (1.61%) AWS Lambda
12 73 (1.49%) Cloud Computing
13 69 (1.41%) Google Cloud Platform
14 59 (1.21%) npm
15 56 (1.14%) Office 365
16 41 (0.84%) Amazon SQS
17 38 (0.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 35 (0.72%) OpenShift
19 33 (0.67%) Google Analytics
20 29 (0.59%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 189 (3.86%) HTTP
2 171 (3.49%) Internet
3 129 (2.64%) TCP/IP
4 99 (2.02%) DNS
5 79 (1.61%) SSL
6 77 (1.57%) Firewall
7 76 (1.55%) LDAP
8 55 (1.12%) VPN
9 49 (1.00%) FTP
10 42 (0.86%) Network Security
11 32 (0.65%) Intranet
12 25 (0.51%) LAN
13 24 (0.49%) SMS
14 22 (0.45%) DHCP
15 21 (0.43%) WAN
16 20 (0.41%) SAN
16 20 (0.41%) SSH
17 16 (0.33%) Kerberos
17 16 (0.33%) PuTTY
17 16 (0.33%) WinSCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 794 (16.23%) SQL Server
2 370 (7.56%) NoSQL
3 369 (7.54%) Relational Database
4 314 (6.42%) MongoDB
5 296 (6.05%) MySQL
6 222 (4.54%) Big Data
7 219 (4.48%) PostgreSQL
8 171 (3.49%) Oracle Database
9 168 (3.43%) Hadoop
10 142 (2.90%) RDBMS
11 111 (2.27%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 104 (2.13%) Apache Cassandra
13 100 (2.04%) HBase
14 97 (1.98%) SQL Server 2012
15 94 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
16 88 (1.80%) Redis
17 84 (1.72%) SQL Server 2008
18 68 (1.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 62 (1.27%) Amazon RDS
20 57 (1.16%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1042 (21.30%) Git (software)
2 909 (18.58%) Jenkins
3 551 (11.26%) Maven
4 490 (10.01%) JIRA
5 395 (8.07%) JUnit
6 332 (6.79%) Selenium
7 309 (6.32%) Subversion
8 223 (4.56%) Cucumber
9 198 (4.05%) SoapUI
10 182 (3.72%) Eclipse
11 181 (3.70%) TeamCity
12 176 (3.60%) Gradle
13 173 (3.54%) Team Foundation Server
14 165 (3.37%) Visual Studio
15 142 (2.90%) Mockito
16 140 (2.86%) Ant
17 128 (2.62%) gulp
18 117 (2.39%) IntelliJ
19 112 (2.29%) Grunt
20 110 (2.25%) WebDriver
General
1 848 (17.33%) Finance
2 364 (7.44%) Banking
3 171 (3.49%) Marketing
4 166 (3.39%) Retail
5 137 (2.80%) Telecoms
6 85 (1.74%) Manufacturing
7 75 (1.53%) Front Office
8 67 (1.37%) Electronics
9 64 (1.31%) Games
10 58 (1.19%) Publishing
11 51 (1.04%) Investment Banking
12 39 (0.80%) Legal
13 30 (0.61%) Advertising
14 27 (0.55%) Retail Banking
15 26 (0.53%) Automotive
15 26 (0.53%) Financial Institution
16 21 (0.43%) Back Office
17 19 (0.39%) Law
18 14 (0.29%) Corporate Banking
19 12 (0.25%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2968 (60.66%) Developer
2 1121 (22.91%) Java Developer
3 454 (9.28%) Architect
4 422 (8.62%) .NET Developer
5 336 (6.87%) Senior Developer
6 304 (6.21%) C# Developer
7 296 (6.05%) DevOps Engineer
8 250 (5.11%) Analyst
9 209 (4.27%) C# .NET Developer
10 190 (3.88%) JavaScript Developer
11 184 (3.76%) AWS Engineer
12 183 (3.74%) Senior Java Developer
13 181 (3.70%) Agile Developer
14 170 (3.47%) AWS DevOps
15 164 (3.35%) Consultant
16 163 (3.33%) Full Stack Developer
17 151 (3.09%) Tester
18 145 (2.96%) SQL Developer
19 140 (2.86%) Web Developer
20 139 (2.84%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1283 (26.22%) REST
2 1238 (25.30%) HTML
3 1088 (22.24%) RESTful
4 1066 (21.79%) SOAP
5 1062 (21.70%) CSS
6 994 (20.31%) .NET
7 916 (18.72%) Spring
8 908 (18.56%) XML
9 824 (16.84%) AngularJS
10 691 (14.12%) JSON
11 567 (11.59%) HTML5
12 465 (9.50%) Node.js
13 451 (9.22%) Hibernate
14 443 (9.05%) jQuery
15 432 (8.83%) ASP.NET
16 405 (8.28%) J2EE
17 359 (7.34%) CSS3
18 351 (7.17%) React
19 348 (7.11%) ASP.NET Web API
20 279 (5.70%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 323 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
2 232 (4.74%) User Experience
3 208 (4.25%) Computer Science
4 202 (4.13%) Enterprise Software
4 202 (4.13%) Greenfield Project
5 190 (3.88%) Mobile App
6 98 (2.00%) Data Structures
7 91 (1.86%) N-Tier
8 89 (1.82%) Algorithms
9 78 (1.59%) iPad
10 77 (1.57%) Public Cloud
11 76 (1.55%) Virtual Team
12 68 (1.39%) Client/Server
13 50 (1.02%) Social Media
14 49 (1.00%) Fintech
15 47 (0.96%) CMDB
16 46 (0.94%) Management Information System
17 38 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 35 (0.72%) Data Centre
19 33 (0.67%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 841 (17.19%) Linux
2 486 (9.93%) Windows
3 395 (8.07%) Unix
4 155 (3.17%) Apple iOS
5 145 (2.96%) Android
6 123 (2.51%) Windows Server
7 92 (1.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 66 (1.35%) CentOS
9 56 (1.14%) Windows Server 2012
10 35 (0.72%) Ubuntu
11 34 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
12 32 (0.65%) Mac OS X
13 30 (0.61%) Solaris
14 21 (0.43%) HPUX
15 17 (0.35%) Windows 10
16 16 (0.33%) AIX
17 14 (0.29%) SUSE
18 13 (0.27%) Windows 7
19 12 (0.25%) Debian
20 10 (0.20%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 2594 (53.01%) Agile Software Development
2 1318 (26.94%) TDD
3 1035 (21.15%) Continuous Integration
4 1025 (20.95%) Scrum
5 812 (16.60%) MVC
6 769 (15.72%) DevOps
7 701 (14.33%) Test Automation
8 682 (13.94%) BDD
9 568 (11.61%) Microservices
10 522 (10.67%) SOA
11 474 (9.69%) OO
12 425 (8.69%) Web Development
13 405 (8.28%) Software Engineering
14 392 (8.01%) E-Commerce
15 391 (7.99%) Unit Testing
16 378 (7.73%) Open Source
17 375 (7.66%) Kanban
18 306 (6.25%) Continuous Delivery
19 305 (6.23%) SDLC
20 276 (5.64%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2343 (47.88%) Java
2 1479 (30.23%) JavaScript
3 1238 (25.30%) SQL
4 894 (18.27%) C#
5 601 (12.28%) Python
6 300 (6.13%) Ruby
7 240 (4.90%) T-SQL
8 226 (4.62%) Scala
9 206 (4.21%) Groovy
10 187 (3.82%) Bash Shell
11 183 (3.74%) PHP
12 182 (3.72%) PL/SQL
13 152 (3.11%) PowerShell
14 117 (2.39%) Perl
14 117 (2.39%) Shell Script
15 112 (2.29%) VB.NET
16 97 (1.98%) Apple Swift
16 97 (1.98%) C++
17 95 (1.94%) C
18 92 (1.88%) ES6
Qualifications
1 335 (6.85%) Security Cleared
2 294 (6.01%) Degree
3 238 (4.86%) SC Cleared
4 83 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
5 40 (0.82%) AWS Certification
6 37 (0.76%) ISTQB
7 36 (0.74%) DV Cleared
7 36 (0.74%) ISEB
8 27 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
9 24 (0.49%) BPSS Clearance
10 21 (0.43%) ITIL Certification
11 14 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
12 13 (0.27%) CISM
13 11 (0.22%) CISSP
13 11 (0.22%) Master's Degree
14 10 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 9 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
16 8 (0.16%) CHECK Team Member
16 8 (0.16%) MCP
17 7 (0.14%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 327 (6.68%) QA
2 26 (0.53%) MiFID
3 22 (0.45%) SLA
4 17 (0.35%) GDPR
4 17 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 16 (0.33%) PCI DSS
6 11 (0.22%) Data Quality
6 11 (0.22%) GCP
7 8 (0.16%) Actionable Recommendations
8 6 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
8 6 (0.12%) HL7
9 5 (0.10%) EMIR
9 5 (0.10%) GPG13
10 4 (0.082%) COBIT
10 4 (0.082%) PA-DSS
11 3 (0.061%) Dodd-Frank
11 3 (0.061%) WCAG
12 2 (0.041%) RosettaNet
12 2 (0.041%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.041%) Solvency II
System Software
1 552 (11.28%) Docker
2 134 (2.74%) Active Directory
3 60 (1.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 43 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
5 32 (0.65%) VMware ESXi
6 31 (0.63%) HDFS
6 31 (0.63%) vSphere
7 25 (0.51%) Apache Flume
8 17 (0.35%) Hyper-V
8 17 (0.35%) Varnish
9 11 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 10 (0.20%) vCloud
11 7 (0.14%) LXC
12 6 (0.12%) etcd
13 5 (0.10%) FreeRADIUS
14 4 (0.082%) Virtual Servers
14 4 (0.082%) VirtualBox
15 3 (0.061%) OpenAM
15 3 (0.061%) OpenIDM
15 3 (0.061%) UAG
Systems Management
1 306 (6.25%) Ansible
2 281 (5.74%) Puppet
3 211 (4.31%) Opscode Chef
4 183 (3.74%) Kubernetes
5 157 (3.21%) Terraform
6 74 (1.51%) logstash
7 46 (0.94%) HP Quality Center
7 46 (0.94%) Kibana
8 34 (0.69%) Packer
9 31 (0.63%) Salt
10 26 (0.53%) Consul
10 26 (0.53%) Nagios
11 21 (0.43%) Mesos
11 21 (0.43%) Rancher
11 21 (0.43%) SCCM
12 18 (0.37%) Oozie
13 15 (0.31%) Control-M
13 15 (0.31%) SCOM
13 15 (0.31%) ZABBIX
14 14 (0.29%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 759 (15.51%) Oracle
2 613 (12.53%) Microsoft
3 148 (3.02%) SAP
4 145 (2.96%) IBM
5 130 (2.66%) Salesforce.com
6 129 (2.64%) Google
7 117 (2.39%) ServiceNow
8 116 (2.37%) VMware
9 113 (2.31%) Red Hat
10 86 (1.76%) HP
11 74 (1.51%) Sitecore
12 64 (1.31%) New Relic
13 62 (1.27%) WSO2
14 59 (1.21%) ATG
15 57 (1.16%) Adobe
16 46 (0.94%) hybris
17 45 (0.92%) Sybase
18 44 (0.90%) MuleSoft
18 44 (0.90%) Splunk
19 41 (0.84%) Atlassian