Period
to 26 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 26 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
26 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 45 41 35
Rank change year-on-year -4 -6 +3
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4,674 4,416 4,931
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.98% 4.85% 4.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.02% 14.92% 16.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,245 3,007 3,548
England median daily rate £475 £450 £435
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +3.45% +6.75%
10th Percentile £340 £315 £310
90th Percentile £613 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 55 65
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £42.50
10th Percentile £24.59 £22.75 £23.35
90th Percentile £97.68 £53.25 £58.59
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +1.80% -1.76% +6.25%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,330 29,602 30,088
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.49% 32.50% 30.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,743 20,729 21,169
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 317 371 361
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +9.59% -1.35%
10th Percentile £15.24 £16.75 £13.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £53.75 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.69 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +4.22% +9.59% -1.35%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 26 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 26 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -8 2,251 £500 - 506
South East -7 875 £450 +12.50% 245
North of England +5 573 £410 -3.53% 221
Midlands +11 416 £413 +3.13% 182
East of England +33 382 £525 +16.67% 127
North West +4 328 £410 -3.53% 120
West Midlands +18 261 £413 -2.94% 108
Yorkshire +7 187 £425 +2.72% 78
South West -35 171 £425 +6.25% 106
East Midlands +12 153 £400 +6.67% 74
North East 0 58 £400 -3.03% 23
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 26 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,472 (52.89%) Agile Software Development
2 2,057 (44.01%) Java
3 1,418 (30.34%) Amazon AWS
4 1,355 (28.99%) JavaScript
5 1,227 (26.25%) TDD
6 1,196 (25.59%) REST
7 1,119 (23.94%) SQL
8 1,061 (22.70%) RESTful
9 1,039 (22.23%) SOAP
10 996 (21.31%) .NET
11 955 (20.43%) HTML
12 936 (20.03%) Scrum
13 933 (19.96%) Git (software)
14 917 (19.62%) C#
15 913 (19.53%) Jenkins
16 892 (19.08%) Continuous Integration
17 875 (18.72%) Spring
18 844 (18.06%) Finance
19 826 (17.67%) CSS
20 814 (17.42%) XML
21 805 (17.22%) DevOps
22 770 (16.47%) Linux
23 726 (15.53%) Test Automation
24 717 (15.34%) Oracle
25 707 (15.13%) SQL Server
26 676 (14.46%) BDD
26 676 (14.46%) Microservices
27 665 (14.23%) Docker
28 652 (13.95%) MVC
29 621 (13.29%) JSON

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 225 (4.81%) Confluence
2 165 (3.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
3 163 (3.49%) Apache
4 155 (3.32%) Tomcat
5 141 (3.02%) Elasticsearch
6 134 (2.87%) JBoss
7 124 (2.65%) Mule
7 124 (2.65%) WebSphere
8 120 (2.57%) IIS
9 119 (2.55%) CMS
10 95 (2.03%) SharePoint
11 85 (1.82%) WebLogic
12 80 (1.71%) Oracle Service Bus
13 53 (1.13%) MQSeries
14 44 (0.94%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 41 (0.88%) Apache Spark
16 39 (0.83%) Apache Solr
17 36 (0.77%) Drupal
18 33 (0.71%) WebSphere Application Server
19 32 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 43 (0.92%) Microsoft Office
2 37 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 27 (0.58%) MS Visio
4 16 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
4 16 (0.34%) Photoshop
5 13 (0.28%) GIMP
6 9 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.15%) InVision
8 3 (0.064%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.064%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 2 (0.043%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.021%) Notepad++
10 1 (0.021%) SPSS
10 1 (0.021%) Stata
Business Applications
1 51 (1.09%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.45%) Workday HCM
3 20 (0.43%) Remedy ITSM
4 19 (0.41%) Magento
4 19 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
5 18 (0.39%) Oracle Receivables
6 16 (0.34%) Oracle General Ledger
7 14 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
7 14 (0.30%) Oracle EBS R12
8 12 (0.26%) Oracle Financials
8 12 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
9 11 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
10 8 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
11 7 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
12 6 (0.13%) Remedy AR System
13 5 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
14 4 (0.086%) SAP FI
15 3 (0.064%) Dynamics AX
15 3 (0.064%) Global One
15 3 (0.064%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,418 (30.34%) Amazon AWS
2 545 (11.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 232 (4.96%) Amazon EC2
4 143 (3.06%) Serverless
5 136 (2.91%) Amazon S3
6 126 (2.70%) SaaS
7 98 (2.10%) GitHub
8 95 (2.03%) AWS CloudFormation
9 91 (1.95%) Google Cloud Platform
10 87 (1.86%) AWS Lambda
10 87 (1.86%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 82 (1.75%) PaaS
12 73 (1.56%) Office 365
13 63 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
14 60 (1.28%) IaaS
15 53 (1.13%) OpenShift
16 48 (1.03%) Amazon EMR
17 34 (0.73%) Force.com
18 32 (0.68%) Amazon Glacier
19 31 (0.66%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 144 (3.08%) HTTP
2 109 (2.33%) TCP/IP
3 107 (2.29%) Firewall
4 94 (2.01%) Internet
5 75 (1.60%) DNS
6 47 (1.01%) SSL
7 44 (0.94%) VPN
8 39 (0.83%) SAN
9 29 (0.62%) Ethernet
10 24 (0.51%) FTP
11 22 (0.47%) DHCP
12 21 (0.45%) DMZ
13 19 (0.41%) LAN
13 19 (0.41%) SSH
14 18 (0.39%) Kerberos
14 18 (0.39%) Network Security
14 18 (0.39%) Reverse Proxy
15 17 (0.36%) Remote Desktop
15 17 (0.36%) WAN
16 16 (0.34%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 707 (15.13%) SQL Server
2 404 (8.64%) Relational Database
3 367 (7.85%) NoSQL
4 297 (6.35%) MySQL
5 277 (5.93%) MongoDB
6 229 (4.90%) PostgreSQL
7 154 (3.29%) Oracle Database
8 145 (3.10%) Apache Cassandra
9 129 (2.76%) Hadoop
10 109 (2.33%) Big Data
10 109 (2.33%) Redis
11 99 (2.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 92 (1.97%) Data Warehouse
13 90 (1.93%) RDBMS
14 83 (1.78%) Amazon RDS
15 76 (1.63%) DB2
16 69 (1.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 64 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 64 (1.37%) SQL Server 2012
18 61 (1.31%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 933 (19.96%) Git (software)
2 913 (19.53%) Jenkins
3 473 (10.12%) Maven
4 460 (9.84%) JIRA
5 382 (8.17%) Selenium
6 307 (6.57%) JUnit
7 214 (4.58%) Visual Studio
8 192 (4.11%) Subversion
9 189 (4.04%) SoapUI
10 187 (4.00%) Cucumber
11 166 (3.55%) Mockito
12 164 (3.51%) TeamCity
13 154 (3.29%) Eclipse
14 150 (3.21%) Team Foundation Server
15 134 (2.87%) Gradle
16 100 (2.14%) SonarQube
17 98 (2.10%) Octopus Deploy
18 97 (2.08%) Ant
19 88 (1.88%) jMock
19 88 (1.88%) SpecFlow
General
1 844 (18.06%) Finance
2 350 (7.49%) Banking
3 177 (3.79%) Marketing
4 174 (3.72%) Retail
5 151 (3.23%) Telecoms
6 135 (2.89%) Manufacturing
7 128 (2.74%) Front Office
8 115 (2.46%) Electronics
9 88 (1.88%) Games
10 74 (1.58%) Investment Banking
11 60 (1.28%) Back Office
12 51 (1.09%) Financial Institution
13 48 (1.03%) Legal
13 48 (1.03%) Publishing
14 33 (0.71%) Law
15 26 (0.56%) Advertising
16 23 (0.49%) Aerospace
17 22 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
18 21 (0.45%) Military
19 18 (0.39%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,652 (56.74%) Developer
2 938 (20.07%) Java Developer
3 495 (10.59%) .NET Developer
4 452 (9.67%) Architect
5 373 (7.98%) Senior Developer
6 295 (6.31%) C# Developer
7 263 (5.63%) DevOps Engineer
8 232 (4.96%) Analyst
9 193 (4.13%) AWS Engineer
10 184 (3.94%) C# .NET Developer
11 174 (3.72%) Senior Java Developer
12 173 (3.70%) Full Stack Developer
13 166 (3.55%) Consultant
14 154 (3.29%) Software Engineer
15 142 (3.04%) Solutions Architect
16 133 (2.85%) Python Developer
17 130 (2.78%) Lead Developer
18 129 (2.76%) AWS DevOps
19 124 (2.65%) Tester
20 122 (2.61%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,196 (25.59%) REST
2 1,061 (22.70%) RESTful
3 1,039 (22.23%) SOAP
4 996 (21.31%) .NET
5 955 (20.43%) HTML
6 875 (18.72%) Spring
7 826 (17.67%) CSS
8 814 (17.42%) XML
9 621 (13.29%) JSON
10 571 (12.22%) AngularJS
11 427 (9.14%) ASP.NET
12 408 (8.73%) Spring Boot
13 380 (8.13%) jQuery
14 363 (7.77%) Hibernate
14 363 (7.77%) J2EE
15 362 (7.74%) HTML5
16 339 (7.25%) Node.js
17 307 (6.57%) React
18 298 (6.38%) Middleware
19 278 (5.95%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 312 (6.68%) Greenfield Project
2 270 (5.78%) Analytical Skills
3 227 (4.86%) User Experience
4 165 (3.53%) Mobile App
5 158 (3.38%) Computer Science
6 154 (3.29%) Enterprise Software
7 88 (1.88%) Self-Motivation
8 83 (1.78%) Fintech
9 79 (1.69%) Public Cloud
10 71 (1.52%) Fixed Income
11 60 (1.28%) Data Structures
12 54 (1.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 52 (1.11%) Data Centre
14 51 (1.09%) Algorithms
15 50 (1.07%) Replication
16 48 (1.03%) Management Information System
17 46 (0.98%) NHS
18 43 (0.92%) Equities
19 40 (0.86%) Client/Server
20 38 (0.81%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 770 (16.47%) Linux
2 438 (9.37%) Windows
3 322 (6.89%) Unix
4 149 (3.19%) Windows Server
5 134 (2.87%) Apple iOS
6 125 (2.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 121 (2.59%) Android
8 62 (1.33%) Windows Server 2012
9 51 (1.09%) Windows 10
10 48 (1.03%) Mac OS
11 41 (0.88%) Solaris
12 36 (0.77%) CentOS
13 28 (0.60%) AIX
14 25 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
15 20 (0.43%) Ubuntu
16 15 (0.32%) Windows Embedded Compact
17 13 (0.28%) Mac OS X
18 11 (0.24%) SUSE
18 11 (0.24%) Windows 2000
19 10 (0.21%) Windows NT
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,472 (52.89%) Agile Software Development
2 1,227 (26.25%) TDD
3 936 (20.03%) Scrum
4 892 (19.08%) Continuous Integration
5 805 (17.22%) DevOps
6 726 (15.53%) Test Automation
7 676 (14.46%) BDD
7 676 (14.46%) Microservices
8 652 (13.95%) MVC
9 465 (9.95%) SOA
10 448 (9.58%) Software Engineering
11 411 (8.79%) Open Source
12 396 (8.47%) Unit Testing
13 365 (7.81%) SDLC
14 360 (7.70%) OO
15 357 (7.64%) Kanban
16 344 (7.36%) Problem-Solving
17 315 (6.74%) Web Development
18 302 (6.46%) E-Commerce
19 274 (5.86%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 2,057 (44.01%) Java
2 1,355 (28.99%) JavaScript
3 1,119 (23.94%) SQL
4 917 (19.62%) C#
5 571 (12.22%) Python
6 451 (9.65%) Java 8
7 230 (4.92%) Scala
8 190 (4.07%) Groovy
9 172 (3.68%) Ruby
10 155 (3.32%) C++
10 155 (3.32%) T-SQL
11 154 (3.29%) PowerShell
12 147 (3.15%) PL/SQL
13 118 (2.52%) Bash Shell
14 115 (2.46%) PHP
15 83 (1.78%) Perl
16 81 (1.73%) C
17 76 (1.63%) XPath
18 75 (1.60%) Shell Script
19 67 (1.43%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 382 (8.17%) Security Cleared
2 299 (6.40%) SC Cleared
3 279 (5.97%) Degree
4 86 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
5 58 (1.24%) DV Cleared
6 54 (1.16%) AWS Certification
7 52 (1.11%) ISTQB
8 50 (1.07%) ISEB
9 29 (0.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 28 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
11 24 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
11 24 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
12 16 (0.34%) CISSP
12 16 (0.34%) Master's Degree
13 12 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
13 12 (0.26%) CISM
13 12 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
14 11 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 10 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
16 8 (0.17%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 300 (6.42%) QA
2 56 (1.20%) GDPR
3 40 (0.86%) PMO
4 39 (0.83%) SLA
5 22 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (0.36%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.28%) Data Quality
8 10 (0.21%) HL7
9 9 (0.19%) PSD2
9 9 (0.19%) WCAG
10 8 (0.17%) HMG Infosec
10 8 (0.17%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 8 (0.17%) JSP 440
11 7 (0.15%) ISO 9001
11 7 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 6 (0.13%) WAI
13 5 (0.11%) ISO 8583
13 5 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 4 (0.086%) ISAE 3402
14 4 (0.086%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 665 (14.23%) Docker
2 162 (3.47%) Active Directory
3 101 (2.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 70 (1.50%) vSphere
5 26 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
6 20 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 17 (0.36%) Microsoft App-V
8 15 (0.32%) XenApp
9 14 (0.30%) VirtualBox
10 13 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
11 11 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
12 9 (0.19%) Varnish
13 8 (0.17%) Hyper-V
13 8 (0.17%) LXC
14 7 (0.15%) etcd
14 7 (0.15%) NFS
14 7 (0.15%) OpenAM
14 7 (0.15%) vCloud
14 7 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
14 7 (0.15%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 305 (6.53%) Terraform
2 286 (6.12%) Ansible
3 240 (5.13%) Kubernetes
4 197 (4.21%) Puppet
5 185 (3.96%) Opscode Chef
6 66 (1.41%) SCCM
7 56 (1.20%) Single Sign-On
8 44 (0.94%) Kibana
8 44 (0.94%) Mesos
9 39 (0.83%) Packer
10 36 (0.77%) logstash
11 25 (0.53%) Prometheus
12 23 (0.49%) HP ALM
13 18 (0.39%) Microsoft Intune
14 17 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
14 17 (0.36%) SCOM
15 16 (0.34%) CA Single Sign-On
16 15 (0.32%) Consul
17 14 (0.30%) Salt
17 14 (0.30%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 717 (15.34%) Oracle
2 548 (11.72%) Microsoft
3 186 (3.98%) SAP
4 148 (3.17%) VMware
5 139 (2.97%) IBM
6 138 (2.95%) Google
7 105 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
8 91 (1.95%) Atlassian
9 85 (1.82%) Red Hat
9 85 (1.82%) Splunk
10 84 (1.80%) ServiceNow
11 68 (1.45%) WSO2
12 67 (1.43%) Sitecore
13 59 (1.26%) Adobe
14 51 (1.09%) MuleSoft
15 48 (1.03%) Informatica
15 48 (1.03%) TIBCO
16 43 (0.92%) Citrix
17 42 (0.90%) Cisco
18 41 (0.88%) Sybase