Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 51 49 43
Rank change year-on-year -2 -6 -5
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,398 4,061 4,836
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 4.29% 4.61% 5.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 14.11% 13.87% 15.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,615 2,676 3,491
Median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £326
90th Percentile £700 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £525 £490 £475
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.16% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 59 43
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £27.75 £26.65 £21.25
90th Percentile £68.66 £60.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -22.22% +5.88% -1.16%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 16,996 29,277 30,432
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.38% 33.24% 32.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,686 20,834 21,684
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +7.95%
10th Percentile £338 £330 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £626
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £473
% change year-on-year +2.56% +3.17% +9.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 226 263 316
Median hourly rate £37.60 £42.50 £41.21
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.53% +3.14% +2.04%
10th Percentile £21.25 £18.50 £18.75
90th Percentile £69.50 £59.60 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.53 £41.41
% change year-on-year -15.72% +0.28% +2.86%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 1,370 £550 +4.76% 269
South East -2 334 £456 +1.39% 121
North of England -24 240 £450 +4.65% 133
South West -1 209 £500 +11.11% 48
North West -28 129 £463 +8.82% 75
East of England -16 120 £500 +4.17% 60
Midlands -31 117 £475 - 67
West Midlands -22 92 £475 - 39
Yorkshire -26 72 £475 +5.56% 44
North East 0 44 £425 -5.56% 14
East Midlands -37 25 £381 -15.28% 28
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,248 (52.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,030 (42.95%) Java
3 988 (41.20%) AWS
4 811 (33.82%) JavaScript
5 562 (23.44%) REST
6 551 (22.98%) Azure
7 539 (22.48%) SQL
8 537 (22.39%) Finance
8 537 (22.39%) DevOps
9 515 (21.48%) C#
10 510 (21.27%) Microservices
11 505 (21.06%) Python
12 487 (20.31%) Software Engineering
13 486 (20.27%) SOAP
14 472 (19.68%) Git (software)
15 461 (19.22%) .NET
16 460 (19.18%) RESTful
17 456 (19.02%) Scrum
18 409 (17.06%) AngularJS
19 400 (16.68%) XML
20 389 (16.22%) HTML
21 379 (15.80%) TDD
22 375 (15.64%) Docker
23 366 (15.26%) Security Cleared
24 359 (14.97%) Jenkins
25 349 (14.55%) Spring
26 339 (14.14%) SQL Server
27 331 (13.80%) CSS
28 328 (13.68%) Node.js
29 318 (13.26%) Front Office

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 112 (4.67%) Confluence
2 79 (3.29%) Elasticsearch
3 73 (3.04%) Tomcat
4 56 (2.34%) Apache
5 53 (2.21%) CMS
5 53 (2.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 53 (2.21%) SharePoint
6 46 (1.92%) IIS
7 34 (1.42%) WebLogic
8 33 (1.38%) WebSphere
9 27 (1.13%) Mule
10 26 (1.08%) Apache Spark
11 25 (1.04%) Oracle Service Bus
12 24 (1.00%) Red Hat Fuse
13 22 (0.92%) BizTalk Server
14 21 (0.88%) Jupyter
15 20 (0.83%) JBoss
16 19 (0.79%) nginx
16 19 (0.79%) SAS
17 17 (0.71%) Drupal
Applications
1 33 (1.38%) Microsoft Office
2 18 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (0.42%) MS Visio
4 7 (0.29%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.25%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.21%) Zeplin
7 4 (0.17%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.13%) Sketch
9 2 (0.083%) Figma
9 2 (0.083%) GIMP
9 2 (0.083%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.042%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.042%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 39 (1.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (1.54%) FINCAD Analytics
3 35 (1.46%) Remedy ITSM
4 27 (1.13%) Markit EDM
5 20 (0.83%) SimCorp Dimension
6 19 (0.79%) Magento
7 16 (0.67%) BusinessWorks
8 13 (0.54%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 12 (0.50%) NetSuite
10 7 (0.29%) PeopleSoft HCM
10 7 (0.29%) PolarLake
11 6 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
12 5 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
12 5 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 5 (0.21%) SAP S/4HANA
13 4 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
13 4 (0.17%) SAP ERP
13 4 (0.17%) Shopify
13 4 (0.17%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
14 3 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 988 (41.20%) AWS
2 551 (22.98%) Azure
3 220 (9.17%) GCP
4 205 (8.55%) Serverless
5 174 (7.26%) Amazon EC2
6 163 (6.80%) AWS Lambda
7 145 (6.05%) Amazon SQS
8 135 (5.63%) Amazon S3
9 131 (5.46%) OpenShift
10 127 (5.30%) SaaS
11 100 (4.17%) GitHub
12 97 (4.05%) Amazon ECS
13 93 (3.88%) AWS CloudFormation
14 80 (3.34%) PaaS
15 66 (2.75%) Cloud Computing
16 51 (2.13%) Office 365
17 49 (2.04%) IaaS
18 44 (1.83%) Power Platform
19 41 (1.71%) AWS Step Functions
20 28 (1.17%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 97 (4.05%) HTTP
2 72 (3.00%) TCP/IP
3 41 (1.71%) Internet
4 39 (1.63%) Firewall
4 39 (1.63%) SNMP
5 34 (1.42%) Ethernet
5 34 (1.42%) VPN
6 25 (1.04%) DNS
7 15 (0.63%) Kerberos
8 14 (0.58%) SSL
9 13 (0.54%) SAN
9 13 (0.54%) WAN
10 11 (0.46%) Intranet
11 10 (0.42%) Network Security
11 10 (0.42%) Reverse Proxy
12 9 (0.38%) FTP
13 8 (0.33%) DMZ
13 8 (0.33%) Extranet
13 8 (0.33%) LAN
13 8 (0.33%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 339 (14.14%) SQL Server
2 189 (7.88%) NoSQL
3 187 (7.80%) PostgreSQL
4 186 (7.76%) MySQL
5 181 (7.55%) Relational Database
6 168 (7.01%) Amazon RDS
7 119 (4.96%) MongoDB
8 99 (4.13%) Big Data
8 99 (4.13%) RDBMS
9 93 (3.88%) Redis
10 86 (3.59%) Amazon Redshift
11 82 (3.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 63 (2.63%) Amazon Athena
13 59 (2.46%) Apache Cassandra
14 50 (2.09%) Amazon Aurora
15 47 (1.96%) DB2
16 46 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
17 45 (1.88%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 39 (1.63%) Oracle Database
19 37 (1.54%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 472 (19.68%) Git (software)
2 359 (14.97%) Jenkins
3 220 (9.17%) Maven
4 217 (9.05%) JIRA
5 170 (7.09%) JUnit
6 144 (6.01%) Mockito
7 111 (4.63%) Selenium
8 110 (4.59%) Gradle
9 90 (3.75%) Cucumber
10 82 (3.42%) Visual Studio
11 76 (3.17%) Artifactory
11 76 (3.17%) RStudio
12 61 (2.54%) TeamCity
13 58 (2.42%) jMock
14 57 (2.38%) SonarQube
15 56 (2.34%) GitLab
15 56 (2.34%) SoapUI
16 55 (2.29%) Visual Studio Team System
17 54 (2.25%) DbUnit
17 54 (2.25%) Eclipse
General
1 537 (22.39%) Finance
2 318 (13.26%) Front Office
3 221 (9.22%) Public Sector
4 182 (7.59%) Banking
5 77 (3.21%) Investment Banking
6 71 (2.96%) Marketing
7 60 (2.50%) Retail
8 58 (2.42%) Telecoms
9 40 (1.67%) Manufacturing
10 36 (1.50%) Aerospace
11 33 (1.38%) Electronics
11 33 (1.38%) Military
11 33 (1.38%) Publishing
12 28 (1.17%) Back Office
13 27 (1.13%) Games
14 19 (0.79%) Legal
15 17 (0.71%) Law
16 14 (0.58%) Pharmaceutical
17 11 (0.46%) Local Government
18 7 (0.29%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,338 (55.80%) Developer
2 413 (17.22%) Java Developer
3 278 (11.59%) Architect
4 196 (8.17%) .NET Developer
5 194 (8.09%) AWS Developer
6 169 (7.05%) Senior Developer
7 143 (5.96%) Software Engineer
8 131 (5.46%) AWS Engineer
9 117 (4.88%) C# Developer
10 113 (4.71%) Solutions Architect
11 92 (3.84%) Java Engineer
12 88 (3.67%) Consultant
13 86 (3.59%) Python Developer
14 85 (3.54%) React Developer
15 82 (3.42%) JavaScript Developer
16 81 (3.38%) DevOps Engineer
17 80 (3.34%) Analyst
17 80 (3.34%) Lead Developer
18 76 (3.17%) Senior Java Developer
19 67 (2.79%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 562 (23.44%) REST
2 486 (20.27%) SOAP
3 461 (19.22%) .NET
4 460 (19.18%) RESTful
5 409 (17.06%) AngularJS
6 400 (16.68%) XML
7 389 (16.22%) HTML
8 349 (14.55%) Spring
9 331 (13.80%) CSS
10 328 (13.68%) Node.js
11 289 (12.05%) React
12 255 (10.63%) JSON
13 221 (9.22%) J2EE
14 172 (7.17%) ASP.NET
15 144 (6.01%) Spring Boot
16 135 (5.63%) HTML5
17 105 (4.38%) Hibernate
18 101 (4.21%) .NET Core
18 101 (4.21%) jQuery
19 99 (4.13%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 268 (11.18%) Fixed Income
2 205 (8.55%) Derivative
3 195 (8.13%) Analytical Skills
4 190 (7.92%) Equities
5 172 (7.17%) Greenfield Project
6 171 (7.13%) Hedge funds
7 159 (6.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 154 (6.42%) User Experience
9 103 (4.30%) Enterprise Software
10 65 (2.71%) Blog
11 60 (2.50%) Public Cloud
12 50 (2.09%) Data Structures
12 50 (2.09%) Equity Derivative
12 50 (2.09%) Mobile App
13 49 (2.04%) Reference Data
14 43 (1.79%) Algorithms
15 32 (1.33%) Management Information System
16 23 (0.96%) Market Risk
17 22 (0.92%) Virtual Team
18 21 (0.88%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 261 (10.88%) Linux
2 186 (7.76%) Windows
3 91 (3.79%) Unix
4 44 (1.83%) Windows Server
5 30 (1.25%) Android
6 25 (1.04%) Apple iOS
7 17 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 15 (0.63%) Windows Server 2008
9 11 (0.46%) Windows 10
10 9 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.33%) Ubuntu
12 7 (0.29%) Debian
12 7 (0.29%) Mac OS
12 7 (0.29%) Windows Server 2016
13 5 (0.21%) CentOS
14 2 (0.083%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.083%) Solaris
15 1 (0.042%) HPUX
15 1 (0.042%) SUSE
15 1 (0.042%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,248 (52.04%) Agile Software Development
2 537 (22.39%) DevOps
3 510 (21.27%) Microservices
4 487 (20.31%) Software Engineering
5 456 (19.02%) Scrum
6 379 (15.80%) TDD
7 290 (12.09%) Asset Management
8 283 (11.80%) Test Automation
9 280 (11.68%) Continuous Integration
10 270 (11.26%) Open Source
11 228 (9.51%) BDD
12 204 (8.51%) Migration
13 191 (7.96%) SOA
14 186 (7.76%) MVC
14 186 (7.76%) Problem-Solving
15 169 (7.05%) Analytics
16 157 (6.55%) SDLC
17 156 (6.51%) Unit Testing
18 155 (6.46%) Front End Development
19 146 (6.09%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 1,030 (42.95%) Java
2 811 (33.82%) JavaScript
3 539 (22.48%) SQL
4 515 (21.48%) C#
5 505 (21.06%) Python
6 145 (6.05%) Java 8
7 136 (5.67%) R
8 135 (5.63%) TypeScript
9 113 (4.71%) C++
10 102 (4.25%) PHP
11 72 (3.00%) Ruby
12 70 (2.92%) PowerShell
13 67 (2.79%) Kotlin
14 66 (2.75%) Perl
15 59 (2.46%) Shell Script
16 58 (2.42%) T-SQL
17 53 (2.21%) Groovy
18 51 (2.13%) PL/SQL
19 48 (2.00%) Scala
20 44 (1.83%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 366 (15.26%) Security Cleared
2 307 (12.80%) SC Cleared
3 189 (7.88%) Degree
4 58 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 30 (1.25%) CISSP
6 25 (1.04%) DV Cleared
7 23 (0.96%) ISTQB
8 22 (0.92%) AWS Certification
9 20 (0.83%) ISEB
10 18 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
10 18 (0.75%) CCA
11 16 (0.67%) BC Cleared
11 16 (0.67%) DBS Check
12 13 (0.54%) Microsoft Certification
13 12 (0.50%) CISM
14 7 (0.29%) MCPD
15 6 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
15 6 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 6 (0.25%) MCITP
15 6 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 76 (3.17%) QA
2 25 (1.04%) GDPR
3 23 (0.96%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.79%) SLA
5 12 (0.50%) ISO 20022
6 11 (0.46%) TARGET2
7 10 (0.42%) GxP
7 10 (0.42%) PCI DSS
8 8 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 8 (0.33%) NCSC
9 5 (0.21%) RMADS
10 4 (0.17%) COBIT
10 4 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.13%) JSP 440
11 3 (0.13%) MiFID
11 3 (0.13%) SEPA
12 2 (0.083%) HL7
12 2 (0.083%) NIST
13 1 (0.042%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 375 (15.64%) Docker
2 75 (3.13%) Active Directory
3 40 (1.67%) Postfix
4 24 (1.00%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.50%) Virtual Machines
6 9 (0.38%) vSphere
7 6 (0.25%) NFS
7 6 (0.25%) RACF
8 5 (0.21%) GridGain
8 5 (0.21%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.21%) NDS
8 5 (0.21%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 5 (0.21%) XenApp
8 5 (0.21%) zsh
9 4 (0.17%) Citrix Presentation Server
10 3 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.13%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.083%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.083%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.083%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 302 (12.59%) Kubernetes
2 204 (8.51%) Terraform
3 105 (4.38%) Ansible
4 54 (2.25%) Puppet
5 39 (1.63%) Amdocs OSS
6 35 (1.46%) Netcool
6 35 (1.46%) Netcool/OMNIbus
7 25 (1.04%) Single Sign-On
8 24 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
9 21 (0.88%) Packer
10 11 (0.46%) Kibana
11 9 (0.38%) logstash
11 9 (0.38%) SCCM
12 7 (0.29%) HAProxy
12 7 (0.29%) Microsoft Clustering
13 6 (0.25%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 5 (0.21%) Microsoft Intune
15 4 (0.17%) Consul
15 4 (0.17%) SCOM
15 4 (0.17%) vRealize
Vendors
1 292 (12.18%) Oracle
2 266 (11.09%) Microsoft
3 161 (6.71%) Google
4 99 (4.13%) SAP
5 81 (3.38%) IBM
5 81 (3.38%) ServiceNow
6 68 (2.84%) Salesforce.com
7 45 (1.88%) Atlassian
8 39 (1.63%) Cramer
9 38 (1.58%) Remedy
10 35 (1.46%) BMC
10 35 (1.46%) Siebel
10 35 (1.46%) VMware
10 35 (1.46%) xMatters
11 34 (1.42%) Red Hat
12 33 (1.38%) Adobe
13 32 (1.33%) Sybase
14 31 (1.29%) Dell
15 29 (1.21%) hybris
16 25 (1.04%) Cisco