Period
to 20 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 20 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
20 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 43 37 35
Rank change year-on-year -6 -2 +6
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4,785 4,257 4,747
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.16% 4.96% 4.83%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 15.61% 15.59% 16.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,390 2,897 3,461
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £326 £313 £306
90th Percentile £613 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 45 52 46
England median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £47.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.16% -9.47% +31.94%
10th Percentile £21.25 £24.10 £19.50
90th Percentile £59.00 £57.50 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £43.57
% change year-on-year -2.30% -0.16% +21.03%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30,651 27,306 28,416
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.07% 31.79% 28.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,792 18,938 19,932
England median daily rate £475 £443 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.34% +4.12% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £606 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £435 £425
% change year-on-year +9.20% +2.35% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 321 342 446
England median hourly rate £41.00 £40.75 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.61% +5.16% +10.16%
10th Percentile £17.50 £17.18 £15.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.50 £57.00
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.50 £38.63
% change year-on-year +1.23% +4.85% +10.36%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 20 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 20 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 2,372 £500 +5.26% 445
South East -6 871 £450 +8.76% 247
North of England 0 625 £400 - 236
North West +4 383 £413 +0.61% 133
Midlands -4 376 £425 +3.16% 150
East of England +5 289 £500 +18.48% 112
South West +2 250 £425 +6.25% 97
West Midlands -1 238 £425 - 70
Yorkshire -12 191 £400 - 73
East Midlands -8 134 £410 +9.33% 80
North East +8 52 £325 -7.21% 30
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 20 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,614 (54.63%) Agile Software Development
2 2,204 (46.06%) Java
3 1,385 (28.94%) JavaScript
4 1,344 (28.09%) Amazon AWS
5 1,284 (26.83%) TDD
6 1,270 (26.54%) REST
7 1,148 (23.99%) RESTful
8 1,107 (23.13%) Git (software)
9 1,065 (22.26%) HTML
10 1,049 (21.92%) SQL
11 1,048 (21.90%) SOAP
12 1,043 (21.80%) Continuous Integration
13 1,024 (21.40%) Jenkins
14 972 (20.31%) .NET
15 958 (20.02%) CSS
16 936 (19.56%) Scrum
17 892 (18.64%) Linux
18 877 (18.33%) C#
19 872 (18.22%) Spring
20 858 (17.93%) XML
21 855 (17.87%) Finance
22 842 (17.60%) DevOps
23 735 (15.36%) SQL Server
24 728 (15.21%) Oracle
25 720 (15.05%) BDD
26 716 (14.96%) MVC
27 689 (14.40%) JSON
28 686 (14.34%) Test Automation
29 661 (13.81%) Microservices
30 640 (13.38%) AngularJS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 265 (5.54%) Confluence
2 247 (5.16%) Tomcat
3 212 (4.43%) Apache
4 191 (3.99%) WebSphere
5 163 (3.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 134 (2.80%) CMS
7 130 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
8 110 (2.30%) Mule
9 108 (2.26%) JBoss
10 103 (2.15%) WebLogic
11 86 (1.80%) Apache Spark
12 85 (1.78%) SharePoint
13 80 (1.67%) Oracle Service Bus
14 77 (1.61%) IIS
15 60 (1.25%) nginx
16 58 (1.21%) Cloud Foundry
17 53 (1.11%) WebSphere Application Server
18 47 (0.98%) GlassFish
19 45 (0.94%) Apache Solr
20 44 (0.92%) MQSeries
Applications
1 65 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.52%) MS Visio
4 20 (0.42%) Photoshop
5 11 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
7 9 (0.19%) OmniGraffle
8 8 (0.17%) GIMP
9 7 (0.15%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.10%) Chatbot
11 4 (0.084%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.084%) HipChat
11 4 (0.084%) InVision
12 3 (0.063%) SPSS
13 2 (0.042%) UXPin
14 1 (0.021%) Adobe After Effects
14 1 (0.021%) EngageOne
14 1 (0.021%) Final Cut Pro
14 1 (0.021%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 43 (0.90%) Payment Gateway
2 31 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
3 29 (0.61%) Magento
4 24 (0.50%) Oracle BPM
5 20 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
6 14 (0.29%) Elite 3E
7 10 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
8 8 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
9 7 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 6 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
10 6 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
10 6 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
11 5 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
12 4 (0.084%) Global One
12 4 (0.084%) ION MarketView
12 4 (0.084%) Oracle Applications
12 4 (0.084%) SAP FI
13 3 (0.063%) Infor M3
13 3 (0.063%) SAP FI/CO
13 3 (0.063%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 1,344 (28.09%) Amazon AWS
2 583 (12.18%) Microsoft Azure
3 173 (3.62%) Serverless
4 156 (3.26%) Amazon EC2
5 134 (2.80%) SaaS
6 127 (2.65%) PaaS
7 126 (2.63%) IaaS
8 103 (2.15%) Google Cloud Platform
9 97 (2.03%) GitHub
10 95 (1.99%) Amazon S3
10 95 (1.99%) AWS CloudFormation
11 92 (1.92%) AWS Lambda
12 76 (1.59%) Cloud Computing
13 60 (1.25%) Office 365
14 59 (1.23%) OpenShift
15 56 (1.17%) npm
16 55 (1.15%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 37 (0.77%) Amazon SQS
18 32 (0.67%) Amazon ELB
19 30 (0.63%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 264 (5.52%) HTTP
2 133 (2.78%) Internet
3 129 (2.70%) TCP/IP
4 92 (1.92%) SSL
5 78 (1.63%) DNS
6 64 (1.34%) Firewall
7 56 (1.17%) FTP
7 56 (1.17%) VPN
8 33 (0.69%) Kerberos
9 32 (0.67%) SMS
10 26 (0.54%) PuTTY
10 26 (0.54%) SMTP
11 25 (0.52%) WinSCP
12 23 (0.48%) DHCP
12 23 (0.48%) SAN
13 20 (0.42%) HTTPS
14 15 (0.31%) LAN
15 14 (0.29%) Network Security
16 13 (0.27%) Remote Desktop
17 11 (0.23%) IMAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 735 (15.36%) SQL Server
2 417 (8.71%) Relational Database
3 350 (7.31%) NoSQL
4 323 (6.75%) MySQL
5 299 (6.25%) PostgreSQL
6 245 (5.12%) MongoDB
7 204 (4.26%) Big Data
8 192 (4.01%) Oracle Database
9 161 (3.36%) Hadoop
10 125 (2.61%) RDBMS
11 111 (2.32%) Apache Cassandra
12 99 (2.07%) Redis
13 93 (1.94%) HBase
14 86 (1.80%) SQL Server 2012
15 82 (1.71%) Oracle Database 11g
16 76 (1.59%) Amazon RDS
17 71 (1.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 65 (1.36%) SQL Server 2008
19 63 (1.32%) Oracle Database 10g
20 61 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,107 (23.13%) Git (software)
2 1,024 (21.40%) Jenkins
3 506 (10.57%) JIRA
4 453 (9.47%) Maven
5 352 (7.36%) JUnit
6 333 (6.96%) Selenium
7 237 (4.95%) Subversion
8 203 (4.24%) TeamCity
9 183 (3.82%) Cucumber
10 176 (3.68%) Team Foundation Server
11 170 (3.55%) Visual Studio
12 168 (3.51%) Eclipse
13 160 (3.34%) SoapUI
14 159 (3.32%) Gradle
15 146 (3.05%) Mockito
16 118 (2.47%) webpack
17 117 (2.45%) SonarQube
18 99 (2.07%) Ant
19 89 (1.86%) Octopus Deploy
20 88 (1.84%) Mocha
General
1 855 (17.87%) Finance
2 348 (7.27%) Banking
3 134 (2.80%) Retail
4 126 (2.63%) Telecoms
5 113 (2.36%) Marketing
6 87 (1.82%) Manufacturing
7 77 (1.61%) Games
8 74 (1.55%) Electronics
9 51 (1.07%) Investment Banking
10 49 (1.02%) Financial Institution
11 46 (0.96%) Legal
12 43 (0.90%) Advertising
13 41 (0.86%) Publishing
14 35 (0.73%) Law
15 34 (0.71%) Back Office
16 33 (0.69%) Front Office
17 23 (0.48%) Retail Banking
18 21 (0.44%) Billing
19 8 (0.17%) General Ledger
20 6 (0.13%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,717 (56.78%) Developer
2 997 (20.84%) Java Developer
3 455 (9.51%) Architect
4 417 (8.71%) .NET Developer
5 329 (6.88%) Senior Developer
6 315 (6.58%) DevOps Engineer
7 278 (5.81%) C# Developer
8 228 (4.76%) Analyst
9 201 (4.20%) Full Stack Developer
10 199 (4.16%) C# .NET Developer
11 187 (3.91%) AWS Engineer
12 181 (3.78%) Senior Java Developer
13 169 (3.53%) Solutions Architect
14 165 (3.45%) Consultant
15 157 (3.28%) AWS DevOps
16 135 (2.82%) JavaScript Developer
17 131 (2.74%) Node.js Developer
18 129 (2.70%) AWS Developer
18 129 (2.70%) Lead Developer
19 126 (2.63%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,270 (26.54%) REST
2 1,148 (23.99%) RESTful
3 1,065 (22.26%) HTML
4 1,048 (21.90%) SOAP
5 972 (20.31%) .NET
6 958 (20.02%) CSS
7 872 (18.22%) Spring
8 858 (17.93%) XML
9 689 (14.40%) JSON
10 640 (13.38%) AngularJS
11 499 (10.43%) Node.js
12 445 (9.30%) ASP.NET
13 428 (8.94%) HTML5
14 415 (8.67%) Hibernate
15 386 (8.07%) J2EE
16 384 (8.03%) React
17 344 (7.19%) JMS
18 337 (7.04%) ASP.NET Web API
19 332 (6.94%) jQuery
20 329 (6.88%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 297 (6.21%) Greenfield Project
2 271 (5.66%) Enterprise Software
3 235 (4.91%) Analytical Skills
4 215 (4.49%) User Experience
5 181 (3.78%) Mobile App
6 143 (2.99%) Computer Science
7 88 (1.84%) Self-Motivation
8 81 (1.69%) iPad
9 77 (1.61%) Public Cloud
10 72 (1.50%) Data Structures
11 60 (1.25%) Algorithms
12 57 (1.19%) Data Centre
13 54 (1.13%) Client/Server
14 49 (1.02%) NHS
15 46 (0.96%) Virtual Team
16 43 (0.90%) Fintech
17 35 (0.73%) N-Tier
18 34 (0.71%) CMDB
19 33 (0.69%) Management Information System
20 32 (0.67%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 892 (18.64%) Linux
2 470 (9.82%) Windows
3 363 (7.59%) Unix
4 174 (3.64%) Android
5 163 (3.41%) Apple iOS
6 152 (3.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 134 (2.80%) Windows Server
8 78 (1.63%) CentOS
9 72 (1.50%) Windows Server 2012
10 41 (0.86%) Solaris
11 33 (0.69%) Mac OS X
12 30 (0.63%) Ubuntu
13 27 (0.56%) Windows 10
14 23 (0.48%) Mac OS
15 21 (0.44%) Windows 7
16 18 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
17 16 (0.33%) HPUX
17 16 (0.33%) Windows 8
18 15 (0.31%) AIX
19 9 (0.19%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,614 (54.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,284 (26.83%) TDD
3 1,043 (21.80%) Continuous Integration
4 936 (19.56%) Scrum
5 842 (17.60%) DevOps
6 720 (15.05%) BDD
7 716 (14.96%) MVC
8 686 (14.34%) Test Automation
9 661 (13.81%) Microservices
10 517 (10.80%) SOA
11 459 (9.59%) Unit Testing
12 387 (8.09%) Web Development
13 386 (8.07%) E-Commerce
14 369 (7.71%) Software Engineering
15 357 (7.46%) OO
16 350 (7.31%) Open Source
17 341 (7.13%) Continuous Delivery
18 332 (6.94%) Problem-Solving
19 329 (6.88%) SDLC
20 328 (6.85%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 2,204 (46.06%) Java
2 1,385 (28.94%) JavaScript
3 1,049 (21.92%) SQL
4 877 (18.33%) C#
5 624 (13.04%) Python
6 405 (8.46%) Java 8
7 303 (6.33%) Ruby
8 220 (4.60%) Groovy
9 218 (4.56%) Bash Shell
10 206 (4.31%) Scala
11 193 (4.03%) PL/SQL
12 170 (3.55%) T-SQL
13 149 (3.11%) PHP
14 139 (2.90%) PowerShell
15 138 (2.88%) XPath
16 122 (2.55%) ES6
17 120 (2.51%) C
18 107 (2.24%) C++
19 93 (1.94%) Shell Script
20 88 (1.84%) Perl
Qualifications
1 384 (8.03%) Security Cleared
2 290 (6.06%) Degree
3 272 (5.68%) SC Cleared
4 86 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 56 (1.17%) DV Cleared
6 39 (0.82%) AWS Certification
7 30 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
7 30 (0.63%) Master's Degree
8 24 (0.50%) ISEB
9 23 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
10 21 (0.44%) ITIL Certification
11 18 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
12 17 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 16 (0.33%) ISEB Practitioner
13 16 (0.33%) TOGAF Certification
14 15 (0.31%) ISTQB
15 14 (0.29%) CISSP
16 13 (0.27%) Siebel Certification
17 9 (0.19%) MCSE
17 9 (0.19%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 276 (5.77%) QA
2 35 (0.73%) GDPR
3 28 (0.59%) HL7
4 26 (0.54%) SLA
5 25 (0.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 22 (0.46%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.44%) PMO
8 14 (0.29%) GCP
9 10 (0.21%) GAAP
10 7 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
11 6 (0.13%) Data Quality
11 6 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.13%) WAI
12 5 (0.10%) NIST 800
13 4 (0.084%) ISO 8583
13 4 (0.084%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 4 (0.084%) PA-DSS
14 3 (0.063%) COBIT
14 3 (0.063%) MiFID
15 2 (0.042%) WCAG
System Software
1 634 (13.25%) Docker
2 164 (3.43%) Active Directory
3 94 (1.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 63 (1.32%) vSphere
5 48 (1.00%) HDFS
6 37 (0.77%) Apache Flume
7 31 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
8 28 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 25 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
10 17 (0.36%) Hyper-V
11 16 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
12 14 (0.29%) vCloud
13 13 (0.27%) Varnish
14 7 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
15 6 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
16 5 (0.10%) etcd
16 5 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
16 5 (0.10%) VirtualBox
17 4 (0.084%) Citrix Presentation Server
17 4 (0.084%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 325 (6.79%) Ansible
2 295 (6.17%) Puppet
3 244 (5.10%) Opscode Chef
4 228 (4.76%) Terraform
5 217 (4.54%) Kubernetes
6 83 (1.73%) HP ALM
7 76 (1.59%) Single Sign-On
8 54 (1.13%) Salt
9 50 (1.04%) logstash
10 48 (1.00%) Mesos
11 40 (0.84%) SCCM
12 38 (0.79%) Kibana
13 33 (0.69%) Packer
14 32 (0.67%) Oozie
15 26 (0.54%) HP Quality Center
16 23 (0.48%) Hadoop YARN
17 17 (0.36%) CA Single Sign-On
18 16 (0.33%) Nagios
19 15 (0.31%) Consul
19 15 (0.31%) Grafana
Vendors
1 728 (15.21%) Oracle
2 533 (11.14%) Microsoft
3 184 (3.85%) Google
4 178 (3.72%) IBM
5 148 (3.09%) VMware
6 131 (2.74%) Red Hat
7 122 (2.55%) SAP
8 115 (2.40%) Salesforce.com
9 92 (1.92%) HP
10 91 (1.90%) Atlassian
11 81 (1.69%) ServiceNow
12 64 (1.34%) WSO2
13 57 (1.19%) Splunk
14 53 (1.11%) Sitecore
15 52 (1.09%) Adobe
16 50 (1.04%) Hortonworks
17 49 (1.02%) Cloudera
18 46 (0.96%) ATG
19 44 (0.92%) Talend
20 38 (0.79%) Apple