Period
to 12 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 12 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
12 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 41 49 44
Rank change year-on-year +8 -5 -1
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,864 3,985 4,701
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.10% 4.65% 4.96%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 16.32% 14.29% 14.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,414 2,522 3,285
Median daily rate £550 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £400 £363 £331
90th Percentile £750 £638 £605
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 44 52
Median hourly rate £35.00 £48.34 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -27.59% +13.73% -2.30%
10th Percentile £34.24 £35.00 £21.25
90th Percentile £56.18 £58.50 £73.44
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.84 £41.25
% change year-on-year -23.64% +11.12% -5.17%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 11,423 27,891 32,456
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.26% 32.52% 34.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,807 19,696 23,005
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £335 £345 £319
90th Percentile £675 £650 £631
UK median daily rate £500 £490 £473
% change year-on-year +2.04% +3.70% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 166 286 361
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.61
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +5.74% +1.49%
10th Percentile £23.00 £18.50 £15.24
90th Percentile £63.38 £60.00 £57.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.41
% change year-on-year -17.65% +2.63% +3.53%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 12 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +20 1,211 £575 +7.98% 156
South East -6 190 £463 +5.29% 46
South West +20 174 £525 +16.67% 42
North of England -31 125 £456 +7.35% 99
East of England -7 97 £500 +5.26% 22
North West -18 81 £463 +8.82% 43
Midlands -58 47 £463 -2.63% 43
West Midlands -35 37 £475 - 28
Yorkshire -25 31 £405 -10.00% 40
North East -4 13 £443 +4.12% 16
East Midlands -17 10 £264 -41.33% 14
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 12 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,055 (56.60%) Agile Software Development
2 928 (49.79%) Java
3 896 (48.07%) AWS
4 645 (34.60%) JavaScript
5 629 (33.74%) Finance
6 534 (28.65%) DevOps
7 532 (28.54%) Python
8 475 (25.48%) Software Engineering
9 447 (23.98%) Azure
10 442 (23.71%) SQL
11 433 (23.23%) Microservices
12 430 (23.07%) Asset Management
13 410 (22.00%) REST
14 401 (21.51%) AngularJS
15 385 (20.65%) Front Office
16 371 (19.90%) SOAP
17 362 (19.42%) Docker
18 360 (19.31%) C#
19 350 (18.78%) Kubernetes
20 344 (18.45%) Fixed Income
21 343 (18.40%) .NET
22 333 (17.86%) React
23 317 (17.01%) Scrum
24 304 (16.31%) RESTful
24 304 (16.31%) Jenkins
25 303 (16.26%) Hedge funds
26 292 (15.67%) Oracle
27 289 (15.50%) SQL Server
28 285 (15.29%) XML
29 283 (15.18%) Derivative

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 105 (5.63%) Apache
2 92 (4.94%) Elasticsearch
3 75 (4.02%) Tomcat
4 70 (3.76%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 68 (3.65%) Confluence
6 49 (2.63%) Mule
7 46 (2.47%) WebLogic
8 43 (2.31%) IIS
9 41 (2.20%) Oracle Service Bus
9 41 (2.20%) Red Hat Fuse
9 41 (2.20%) WebSphere
10 37 (1.98%) SharePoint
11 29 (1.56%) CMS
12 19 (1.02%) Apache Spark
13 18 (0.97%) BizTalk Server
13 18 (0.97%) JBoss
14 13 (0.70%) Oracle Workflow
15 12 (0.64%) Drupal
16 11 (0.59%) SAS
17 10 (0.54%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 39 (2.09%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (0.43%) Chatbot
3 6 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (0.32%) MS Visio
3 6 (0.32%) Sketch
4 5 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
5 4 (0.21%) RoboHelp
6 3 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.16%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.11%) Figma
8 1 (0.054%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.054%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 32 (1.72%) Markit EDM
2 25 (1.34%) SimCorp Dimension
3 24 (1.29%) Dynamics CRM
4 18 (0.97%) Oracle ERP
5 17 (0.91%) Remedy ITSM
6 15 (0.80%) Oracle BPM
7 8 (0.43%) FINCAD Analytics
7 8 (0.43%) Magento
8 7 (0.38%) PolarLake
8 7 (0.38%) Siebel CRM
9 4 (0.21%) NetSuite
9 4 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
9 4 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
9 4 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 3 (0.16%) Eagle PACE
10 3 (0.16%) Shopify
11 2 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
11 2 (0.11%) Maximo
11 2 (0.11%) PeopleSoft HCM
11 2 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 896 (48.07%) AWS
2 447 (23.98%) Azure
3 236 (12.66%) GCP
4 225 (12.07%) Serverless
5 197 (10.57%) AWS Lambda
6 141 (7.56%) Amazon EC2
7 139 (7.46%) Amazon ECS
8 138 (7.40%) OpenShift
9 124 (6.65%) Amazon S3
10 96 (5.15%) Amazon SQS
11 89 (4.77%) AWS CloudFormation
12 83 (4.45%) SaaS
13 64 (3.43%) GitHub
14 48 (2.58%) PaaS
15 43 (2.31%) Apigee
16 31 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
16 31 (1.66%) Power Platform
17 26 (1.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 23 (1.23%) IaaS
18 23 (1.23%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 65 (3.49%) HTTP
2 36 (1.93%) TCP/IP
3 30 (1.61%) Firewall
4 27 (1.45%) DNS
5 25 (1.34%) VPN
6 20 (1.07%) Internet
7 18 (0.97%) Ethernet
7 18 (0.97%) SNMP
8 17 (0.91%) WAN
9 11 (0.59%) DMZ
9 11 (0.59%) SSL
10 10 (0.54%) FTP
10 10 (0.54%) Wireless
11 9 (0.48%) Network Security
11 9 (0.48%) Reverse Proxy
12 8 (0.43%) SMTP
13 7 (0.38%) Intranet
13 7 (0.38%) LAN
14 6 (0.32%) HTTPS
14 6 (0.32%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 289 (15.50%) SQL Server
2 163 (8.74%) MySQL
3 146 (7.83%) PostgreSQL
4 130 (6.97%) Amazon RDS
5 129 (6.92%) Amazon Redshift
6 120 (6.44%) NoSQL
7 113 (6.06%) Relational Database
8 100 (5.36%) MongoDB
9 89 (4.77%) Big Data
10 53 (2.84%) Oracle Database
11 52 (2.79%) RDBMS
11 52 (2.79%) Redis
12 51 (2.74%) Data Warehouse
13 47 (2.52%) Hadoop
14 45 (2.41%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 40 (2.15%) Amazon Aurora
16 26 (1.39%) DB2
16 26 (1.39%) Power BI
17 25 (1.34%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 25 (1.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 304 (16.31%) Jenkins
2 273 (14.65%) Git (software)
3 136 (7.30%) Maven
4 135 (7.24%) JIRA
5 118 (6.33%) Artifactory
6 108 (5.79%) JUnit
7 102 (5.47%) RStudio
8 91 (4.88%) Selenium
9 84 (4.51%) GitLab
10 78 (4.18%) Cucumber
11 70 (3.76%) Mockito
12 65 (3.49%) Gradle
13 63 (3.38%) Visual Studio
14 62 (3.33%) SoapUI
15 53 (2.84%) Team Foundation Server
16 48 (2.58%) Eclipse
17 41 (2.20%) TeamCity
18 35 (1.88%) JMeter
19 34 (1.82%) Postman
20 28 (1.50%) Bitbucket
General
1 629 (33.74%) Finance
2 385 (20.65%) Front Office
3 272 (14.59%) Banking
4 159 (8.53%) Public Sector
5 151 (8.10%) Investment Banking
6 68 (3.65%) Marketing
7 60 (3.22%) Telecoms
8 53 (2.84%) Manufacturing
9 44 (2.36%) Electronics
10 35 (1.88%) Back Office
11 27 (1.45%) Retail
12 21 (1.13%) Law
13 20 (1.07%) Aerospace
14 18 (0.97%) Military
15 12 (0.64%) Games
16 10 (0.54%) Legal
16 10 (0.54%) Publishing
17 8 (0.43%) Police
18 7 (0.38%) Local Government
18 7 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,048 (56.22%) Developer
2 351 (18.83%) Java Developer
3 262 (14.06%) AWS Engineer
4 256 (13.73%) AWS Developer
5 216 (11.59%) Architect
6 183 (9.82%) Software Engineer
7 144 (7.73%) .NET Developer
8 143 (7.67%) Senior Developer
9 137 (7.35%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 128 (6.87%) Java Engineer
11 112 (6.01%) AWS Software Engineer
12 110 (5.90%) Python Developer
13 89 (4.77%) Python Engineer
14 87 (4.67%) Java Software Developer
15 81 (4.35%) C# Developer
16 79 (4.24%) DevOps Engineer
16 79 (4.24%) Solutions Architect
17 78 (4.18%) JavaScript Developer
18 76 (4.08%) Senior Java Developer
19 74 (3.97%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 410 (22.00%) REST
2 401 (21.51%) AngularJS
3 371 (19.90%) SOAP
4 343 (18.40%) .NET
5 333 (17.86%) React
6 304 (16.31%) RESTful
7 285 (15.29%) XML
8 243 (13.04%) HTML
9 231 (12.39%) Spring
10 228 (12.23%) Node.js
11 205 (11.00%) JSON
12 198 (10.62%) CSS
13 187 (10.03%) J2EE
14 167 (8.96%) Vue.js
15 154 (8.26%) ASP.NET
16 115 (6.17%) Spring Boot
17 107 (5.74%) Middleware
18 101 (5.42%) Swagger
19 98 (5.26%) .NET Core
20 88 (4.72%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 344 (18.45%) Fixed Income
2 303 (16.26%) Hedge funds
3 283 (15.18%) Derivative
4 282 (15.13%) Equities
5 208 (11.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 124 (6.65%) Analytical Skills
7 117 (6.28%) Greenfield Project
8 103 (5.53%) User Experience
9 55 (2.95%) Reference Data
10 50 (2.68%) Enterprise Software
11 42 (2.25%) Public Cloud
12 32 (1.72%) Management Information System
13 28 (1.50%) Blog
14 27 (1.45%) Cloud Native
15 25 (1.34%) Data Structures
15 25 (1.34%) Mobile App
16 23 (1.23%) Data Centre
17 22 (1.18%) Equity Derivative
18 17 (0.91%) Linux Command Line
19 16 (0.86%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 178 (9.55%) Linux
2 138 (7.40%) Windows
3 75 (4.02%) Unix
4 39 (2.09%) Windows Server
5 17 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 16 (0.86%) Android
7 14 (0.75%) Windows Server 2012
8 12 (0.64%) Apple iOS
9 9 (0.48%) Windows Server 2008
10 5 (0.27%) CentOS
11 4 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
12 3 (0.16%) Debian
12 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
13 2 (0.11%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.11%) Solaris
13 2 (0.11%) tvOS
13 2 (0.11%) VMS
13 2 (0.11%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.054%) Amazon Linux
14 1 (0.054%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,055 (56.60%) Agile Software Development
2 534 (28.65%) DevOps
3 475 (25.48%) Software Engineering
4 433 (23.23%) Microservices
5 430 (23.07%) Asset Management
6 317 (17.01%) Scrum
7 252 (13.52%) TDD
8 233 (12.50%) Investment Management
9 221 (11.86%) Test Automation
10 186 (9.98%) Continuous Integration
11 177 (9.50%) Decision-Making
12 156 (8.37%) Migration
13 148 (7.94%) SOA
14 147 (7.89%) BDD
14 147 (7.89%) Front End Development
14 147 (7.89%) Open Source
15 122 (6.55%) Unit Testing
16 121 (6.49%) Deployment Automation
17 117 (6.28%) Business Analysis
18 114 (6.12%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 928 (49.79%) Java
2 645 (34.60%) JavaScript
3 532 (28.54%) Python
4 442 (23.71%) SQL
5 360 (19.31%) C#
6 112 (6.01%) TypeScript
7 111 (5.95%) Java 8
8 110 (5.90%) R
9 65 (3.49%) PowerShell
10 59 (3.17%) Perl
11 53 (2.84%) C++
12 47 (2.52%) Shell Script
13 46 (2.47%) Groovy
13 46 (2.47%) PL/SQL
14 45 (2.41%) PHP
15 43 (2.31%) T-SQL
16 35 (1.88%) Bash Shell
16 35 (1.88%) XPath
17 34 (1.82%) Ruby
18 33 (1.77%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 259 (13.89%) Security Cleared
2 240 (12.88%) SC Cleared
3 114 (6.12%) Degree
4 49 (2.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 45 (2.41%) DV Cleared
6 25 (1.34%) CISSP
7 23 (1.23%) CCA
8 16 (0.86%) ISTQB
9 15 (0.80%) ISEB
10 14 (0.75%) Sun Certification
11 13 (0.70%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.70%) DBS Check
12 12 (0.64%) Microsoft Certification
13 10 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
14 8 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 8 (0.43%) MCITP
15 6 (0.32%) MCAD
15 6 (0.32%) MCPD
16 5 (0.27%) CTC Cleared
16 5 (0.27%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (3.49%) QA
2 23 (1.23%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.64%) GDPR
4 11 (0.59%) SLA
5 10 (0.54%) GxP
6 5 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 3 (0.16%) MiFID
7 3 (0.16%) NCSC
7 3 (0.16%) NIST
8 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.054%) COBIT
9 1 (0.054%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.054%) FedRAMP
9 1 (0.054%) GMP
9 1 (0.054%) HL7
9 1 (0.054%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.054%) JSP 440
9 1 (0.054%) RMADS
9 1 (0.054%) TARGET2
System Software
1 362 (19.42%) Docker
2 73 (3.92%) Active Directory
3 18 (0.97%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.64%) vSphere
5 9 (0.48%) RACF
6 8 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
7 6 (0.32%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.32%) NDS
7 6 (0.32%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 5 (0.27%) GeoWebCache
8 5 (0.27%) Postfix
8 5 (0.27%) VMware Workstation
8 5 (0.27%) XenApp
9 4 (0.21%) Citrix Presentation Server
9 4 (0.21%) NFS
9 4 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
10 3 (0.16%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.11%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.11%) HDFS
11 2 (0.11%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 350 (18.78%) Kubernetes
2 178 (9.55%) Terraform
3 72 (3.86%) Ansible
4 41 (2.20%) Puppet
5 29 (1.56%) logstash
6 27 (1.45%) Packer
7 26 (1.39%) Kibana
8 25 (1.34%) Single Sign-On
9 16 (0.86%) Amdocs OSS
9 16 (0.86%) Netcool
9 16 (0.86%) Netcool/OMNIbus
9 16 (0.86%) Opscode Chef
10 11 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
11 9 (0.48%) FortiGate
11 9 (0.48%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 7 (0.38%) SCCM
13 6 (0.32%) Consul
13 6 (0.32%) Forefront Identity Manager
14 4 (0.21%) Istio
14 4 (0.21%) vRealize
Vendors
1 292 (15.67%) Oracle
2 197 (10.57%) Google
3 179 (9.60%) Microsoft
4 86 (4.61%) SAP
5 71 (3.81%) IBM
6 48 (2.58%) ServiceNow
7 47 (2.52%) Salesforce.com
8 35 (1.88%) Bloomberg
9 32 (1.72%) WSO2
10 31 (1.66%) Talend
11 30 (1.61%) Cloudera
11 30 (1.61%) Remedy
12 27 (1.45%) Red Hat
13 26 (1.39%) Charles River
13 26 (1.39%) Hortonworks
13 26 (1.39%) VMware
14 25 (1.34%) Calypso
14 25 (1.34%) Siebel
14 25 (1.34%) SimCorp
15 24 (1.29%) Atlassian