Period
to 5 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 5 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
5 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 74 46 55
Rank change year-on-year -28 +9 -7
Contract jobs citing Web Services 2,253 1,421 3,020
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 3.20% 4.53% 4.04%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.95% 14.54% 13.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,682 1,129 1,883
10th Percentile £405 £375 £359
25th Percentile £456 £450 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year - +10.00% +2.56%
75th Percentile £650 £663 £575
90th Percentile £700 £750 £650
UK median daily rate £542 £550 £500
% change year-on-year -1.45% +10.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 30 14 33
10th Percentile £41.60 £22.74 £21.20
25th Percentile £48.50 £40.13 £45.13
Median hourly rate £59.25 £50.00 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +18.50% -4.76% +16.67%
75th Percentile £63.25 £54.75 £82.50
90th Percentile £75.00 £55.00 "
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £50.00 £52.50
% change year-on-year +10.00% -4.76% +16.67%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 20,581 9,776 22,969
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.21% 31.19% 30.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,204 7,047 16,336
10th Percentile £375 £313 £338
25th Percentile £450 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £495 £500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% -1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £644 £588 £575
90th Percentile £725 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £525 £491 £495
% change year-on-year +6.92% -0.81% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 240 99 209
10th Percentile £20.00 £24.80 £16.23
25th Percentile £35.00 £31.56 £25.68
Median hourly rate £49.00 £43.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +12.64% -3.33% +8.43%
75th Percentile £63.25 £55.00 £53.28
90th Percentile £76.03 £61.25 £78.75
UK median hourly rate £49.00 £44.50 £44.96
% change year-on-year +10.11% -1.02% +8.26%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 5 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 5 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 5 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -28 1,476 £550 -4.35% 356
South East -23 192 £525 +10.53% 101
North of England +15 185 £475 +11.76% 170
Midlands -41 103 £450 +28.57% 88
North West +8 101 £475 +7.95% 98
South West -24 91 £525 - 56
East of England -22 76 £463 -2.12% 58
West Midlands -28 66 £475 +35.33% 55
Yorkshire -18 57 £469 +13.64% 51
East Midlands -25 34 £425 +30.77% 31
North East +11 28 £475 +5.56% 21
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 5 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 1,161 (51.53%) Agile Software Development
2 1,075 (47.71%) AWS
3 868 (38.53%) JavaScript
4 804 (35.69%) Java
5 698 (30.98%) Finance
6 592 (26.28%) DevOps
7 577 (25.61%) Software Engineering
8 540 (23.97%) SQL
9 538 (23.88%) Docker
10 528 (23.44%) Azure
11 523 (23.21%) React
12 470 (20.86%) Python
13 464 (20.59%) REST
14 462 (20.51%) Terraform
15 454 (20.15%) Kubernetes
16 441 (19.57%) Full Stack Development
17 406 (18.02%) Git (software)
18 390 (17.31%) Asset Management
19 381 (16.91%) Jenkins
20 373 (16.56%) Node.js
21 370 (16.42%) Microservices
22 360 (15.98%) TypeScript
23 350 (15.53%) Front Office
24 345 (15.31%) RESTful
25 344 (15.27%) Serverless
26 339 (15.05%) HTML
27 333 (14.78%) Social Skills
28 327 (14.51%) Scrum
29 322 (14.29%) CSS
30 319 (14.16%) Linux

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 78 (3.46%) SharePoint
2 67 (2.97%) Apache
3 65 (2.89%) CMS
4 63 (2.80%) Tomcat
5 61 (2.71%) Confluence
6 52 (2.31%) JBoss
7 42 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
8 29 (1.29%) Apache Airflow
8 29 (1.29%) Apache Spark
8 29 (1.29%) Mule
9 28 (1.24%) IIS
10 24 (1.07%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 22 (0.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 21 (0.93%) WebSphere
13 18 (0.80%) Oracle Workflow
13 18 (0.80%) Red Hat Fuse
14 15 (0.67%) nginx
15 14 (0.62%) Appian
16 13 (0.58%) WebLogic
17 12 (0.53%) Liferay
Applications
1 18 (0.80%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (0.49%) MS Visio
4 6 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.13%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
5 3 (0.13%) SPSS
6 1 (0.044%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.044%) Figma
6 1 (0.044%) FileZilla
6 1 (0.044%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 27 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.40%) SAP Hybris
3 7 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
4 6 (0.27%) Magento
4 6 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
5 5 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
6 4 (0.18%) Dynamics GP
6 4 (0.18%) VisionPLUS
7 3 (0.13%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.089%) Adobe Campaign
8 2 (0.089%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.089%) Oracle Payables
8 2 (0.089%) SAP CRM
8 2 (0.089%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.089%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 2 (0.089%) Sentinel
8 2 (0.089%) Shopify
8 2 (0.089%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 1,075 (47.71%) AWS
2 528 (23.44%) Azure
3 344 (15.27%) Serverless
4 282 (12.52%) Amazon S3
5 278 (12.34%) AWS Lambda
6 218 (9.68%) GCP
7 196 (8.70%) Amazon SQS
8 159 (7.06%) AWS Step Functions
9 134 (5.95%) Amazon EC2
10 116 (5.15%) GitHub
11 115 (5.10%) AWS CloudFormation
12 94 (4.17%) PaaS
13 75 (3.33%) Power Platform
14 72 (3.20%) SaaS
15 71 (3.15%) IaaS
16 65 (2.89%) Microsoft 365
17 49 (2.17%) Amazon EKS
18 47 (2.09%) Amazon ECS
18 47 (2.09%) OpenShift
19 38 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 87 (3.86%) HTTP
2 47 (2.09%) TCP/IP
3 39 (1.73%) Firewall
4 38 (1.69%) DNS
4 38 (1.69%) Internet
5 22 (0.98%) SAN
6 21 (0.93%) Network Security
7 14 (0.62%) FTP
7 14 (0.62%) SSL
8 13 (0.58%) Ethernet
9 12 (0.53%) VPN
10 11 (0.49%) Intranet
10 11 (0.49%) Kerberos
11 10 (0.44%) DHCP
11 10 (0.44%) HTTPS
11 10 (0.44%) SNMP
12 9 (0.40%) NAS
13 8 (0.36%) SSH
13 8 (0.36%) WAN
14 7 (0.31%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 307 (13.63%) SQL Server
2 241 (10.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 201 (8.92%) Amazon RDS
4 146 (6.48%) Relational Database
5 122 (5.42%) MongoDB
6 117 (5.19%) MySQL
7 115 (5.10%) NoSQL
8 105 (4.66%) PostgreSQL
9 76 (3.37%) Big Data
10 63 (2.80%) Power BI
11 51 (2.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 45 (2.00%) Amazon Athena
13 40 (1.78%) Redis
14 39 (1.73%) Data Warehouse
15 35 (1.55%) RDBMS
16 31 (1.38%) Oracle Database
17 29 (1.29%) Amazon Redshift
18 28 (1.24%) Apache Cassandra
18 28 (1.24%) Azure SQL Database
19 26 (1.15%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 406 (18.02%) Git (software)
2 381 (16.91%) Jenkins
3 146 (6.48%) JIRA
4 138 (6.13%) Maven
5 124 (5.50%) JUnit
6 112 (4.97%) Selenium
7 101 (4.48%) GitLab
8 93 (4.13%) Cucumber
9 79 (3.51%) Visual Studio
10 77 (3.42%) Mockito
11 54 (2.40%) Eclipse
12 51 (2.26%) Subversion
13 45 (2.00%) Postman
14 42 (1.86%) SoapUI
14 42 (1.86%) TeamCity
15 41 (1.82%) Bitbucket
16 40 (1.78%) Gradle
17 37 (1.64%) Team Foundation Server
18 36 (1.60%) WebDriver
19 31 (1.38%) Gatling
General
1 698 (30.98%) Finance
2 350 (15.53%) Front Office
3 333 (14.78%) Social Skills
4 163 (7.23%) Public Sector
5 136 (6.04%) Analytical Skills
6 135 (5.99%) Banking
7 73 (3.24%) Marketing
8 69 (3.06%) Presentation Skills
9 57 (2.53%) Retail
10 48 (2.13%) Telecoms
11 42 (1.86%) Investment Banking
12 33 (1.46%) Manufacturing
13 28 (1.24%) Electronics
14 23 (1.02%) Military
15 21 (0.93%) Influencing Skills
16 18 (0.80%) Law
17 15 (0.67%) Billing
17 15 (0.67%) Legal
18 14 (0.62%) Documentation Skills
19 13 (0.58%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,157 (51.35%) Developer
2 359 (15.93%) Software Engineer
3 291 (12.92%) AWS Engineer
4 274 (12.16%) Java Developer
5 231 (10.25%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 189 (8.39%) Architect
7 172 (7.63%) React Developer
8 165 (7.32%) Senior Developer
9 156 (6.92%) DevOps Engineer
10 151 (6.70%) AWS Developer
11 137 (6.08%) Python Developer
12 136 (6.04%) Full Stack Developer
13 125 (5.55%) AWS Software Engineer
14 123 (5.46%) Python Engineer
15 102 (4.53%) JavaScript Engineer
16 94 (4.17%) Analyst
17 92 (4.08%) .NET Developer
18 91 (4.04%) Cloud Engineer
19 84 (3.73%) AWS DevOps
20 83 (3.68%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 523 (23.21%) React
2 464 (20.59%) REST
3 373 (16.56%) Node.js
4 345 (15.31%) RESTful
5 339 (15.05%) HTML
6 322 (14.29%) CSS
7 318 (14.11%) .NET
8 286 (12.69%) SOAP
9 281 (12.47%) XML
10 275 (12.21%) Spring
11 270 (11.98%) AngularJS
12 246 (10.92%) JSON
13 197 (8.74%) Material-UI
14 135 (5.99%) Spring Boot
15 119 (5.28%) Vue.js
16 117 (5.19%) HTML5
17 107 (4.75%) ASP.NET
18 105 (4.66%) .NET Core
19 100 (4.44%) ASP.NET Web API
20 94 (4.17%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 155 (6.88%) Equities
2 118 (5.24%) User Experience
3 115 (5.10%) Fixed Income
4 105 (4.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 97 (4.31%) Derivative
6 67 (2.97%) Hedge funds
7 65 (2.89%) Data Structures
8 64 (2.84%) Cloud Native
9 53 (2.35%) Data Protection Act
10 51 (2.26%) Mobile App
11 48 (2.13%) Public Cloud
12 44 (1.95%) Data Centre
13 41 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
14 36 (1.60%) Algorithms
15 32 (1.42%) Management Information System
16 30 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
16 30 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
17 28 (1.24%) Legacy Applications
18 25 (1.11%) Client/Server
18 25 (1.11%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 319 (14.16%) Linux
2 238 (10.56%) Windows
3 119 (5.28%) Unix
4 58 (2.57%) Windows Server
5 52 (2.31%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 42 (1.86%) Apple iOS
7 36 (1.60%) Android
8 19 (0.84%) Mac OS
9 17 (0.75%) Windows 10
10 10 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
11 9 (0.40%) CentOS
11 9 (0.40%) Solaris
11 9 (0.40%) tvOS
11 9 (0.40%) Ubuntu
12 8 (0.36%) Mac OS X
13 5 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
14 4 (0.18%) AIX
14 4 (0.18%) Debian
14 4 (0.18%) Windows Server 2019
15 2 (0.089%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,161 (51.53%) Agile Software Development
2 592 (26.28%) DevOps
3 577 (25.61%) Software Engineering
4 441 (19.57%) Full Stack Development
5 390 (17.31%) Asset Management
6 370 (16.42%) Microservices
7 327 (14.51%) Scrum
8 303 (13.45%) TDD
9 285 (12.65%) Investment Management
10 254 (11.27%) Test Automation
11 231 (10.25%) Continuous Integration
12 207 (9.19%) Problem-Solving
13 191 (8.48%) Migration
14 181 (8.03%) Analytics
15 176 (7.81%) BDD
16 175 (7.77%) Unit Testing
17 167 (7.41%) SDLC
18 164 (7.28%) MVC
19 161 (7.15%) SOA
20 142 (6.30%) OO
Programming Languages
1 868 (38.53%) JavaScript
2 804 (35.69%) Java
3 540 (23.97%) SQL
4 470 (20.86%) Python
5 360 (15.98%) TypeScript
6 279 (12.38%) C#
7 146 (6.48%) PowerShell
8 118 (5.24%) Java 8
9 107 (4.75%) Bash Shell
10 89 (3.95%) Kotlin
11 84 (3.73%) Scala
12 69 (3.06%) T-SQL
13 56 (2.49%) Shell Script
14 54 (2.40%) Ruby
15 53 (2.35%) Java 11
16 48 (2.13%) C
17 47 (2.09%) PHP
18 44 (1.95%) C++
19 41 (1.82%) PL/SQL
20 39 (1.73%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 239 (10.61%) Security Cleared
2 205 (9.10%) SC Cleared
3 129 (5.73%) Degree
4 60 (2.66%) AWS Certification
5 40 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
6 38 (1.69%) DV Cleared
7 21 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
8 18 (0.80%) TOGAF Certification
9 16 (0.71%) ISTQB
10 12 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
11 7 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 6 (0.27%) CISSP
12 6 (0.27%) MCSA
13 5 (0.22%) ITIL Certification
13 5 (0.22%) MCSE
14 4 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
14 4 (0.18%) ISEB
14 4 (0.18%) Master's Degree
15 3 (0.13%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 3 (0.13%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 125 (5.55%) QA
2 66 (2.93%) Accessibility
3 26 (1.15%) Data Quality
4 18 (0.80%) GDPR
5 16 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 15 (0.67%) SLA
7 12 (0.53%) WCAG
8 11 (0.49%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.22%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.22%) ISO 9001
9 5 (0.22%) SOC 2
10 4 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.18%) NIST
11 3 (0.13%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.089%) DICOM
12 2 (0.089%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (0.089%) PMBOK
12 2 (0.089%) PMO
13 1 (0.044%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 538 (23.88%) Docker
2 102 (4.53%) Active Directory
3 40 (1.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (0.27%) Postfix
5 6 (0.27%) vSphere
6 5 (0.22%) vCloud
7 3 (0.13%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
7 3 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
7 3 (0.13%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.13%) KVM
7 3 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.13%) VMware NSX
8 1 (0.044%) Firmware
8 1 (0.044%) NDS
8 1 (0.044%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 1 (0.044%) RACF
8 1 (0.044%) Varnish
8 1 (0.044%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.044%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 462 (20.51%) Terraform
2 454 (20.15%) Kubernetes
3 164 (7.28%) Ansible
4 76 (3.37%) Grafana
5 72 (3.20%) Prometheus
6 28 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
7 25 (1.11%) Kibana
8 20 (0.89%) logstash
8 20 (0.89%) Puppet
9 18 (0.80%) Single Sign-On
10 14 (0.62%) Microsoft Intune
11 11 (0.49%) Graphite
11 11 (0.49%) Red Hat Satellite
12 8 (0.36%) Graylog
12 8 (0.36%) Packer
13 7 (0.31%) Nagios
13 7 (0.31%) ZABBIX
14 6 (0.27%) Consul
14 6 (0.27%) SCCM
15 5 (0.22%) Amdocs OSS
Vendors
1 287 (12.74%) Microsoft
2 231 (10.25%) Oracle
3 78 (3.46%) SAP
4 69 (3.06%) Salesforce.com
5 66 (2.93%) Google
6 65 (2.89%) VMware
7 60 (2.66%) ServiceNow
8 42 (1.86%) IBM
9 33 (1.46%) Informatica
9 33 (1.46%) Splunk
10 26 (1.15%) Adobe
11 25 (1.11%) Atlassian
11 25 (1.11%) MuleSoft
12 23 (1.02%) Red Hat
13 21 (0.93%) Sybase
14 19 (0.84%) Apple
15 18 (0.80%) Citrix
16 17 (0.75%) Databricks
17 15 (0.67%) hybris
18 11 (0.49%) Cisco