Period
to 21 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 21 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 46 40 36
Rank change year-on-year -6 -4 -1
Contract jobs citing Web Services 4,298 4,791 4,516
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 4.75% 5.27% 5.06%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 13.75% 16.22% 15.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,892 3,504 3,153
England median daily rate £500 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% +2.94%
10th Percentile £340 £325 £313
90th Percentile £625 £613 £588
UK median daily rate £485 £463 £431
% change year-on-year +4.86% +7.43% +1.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 39 61
England median hourly rate £45.00 £43.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £31.58 £21.25 £25.00
90th Percentile £62.50 £51.50 £55.50
UK median hourly rate £44.18 £43.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year +1.56% +1.16% +7.50%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 31,253 29,541 28,308
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.51% 32.49% 31.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,190 21,278 19,623
England median daily rate £494 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.06% +11.76% +1.19%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £476 £460 £425
% change year-on-year +3.48% +8.24% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 262 317 317
England median hourly rate £41.52 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.79% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.03 £18.65 £15.43
90th Percentile £59.88 £52.50 £51.35
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.83% - +6.67%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -15 2,072 £525 +5.00% 498
South East -5 713 £450 +7.78% 234
North of England -6 521 £425 +1.19% 284
Midlands +4 430 £450 +11.11% 173
East of England +8 303 £513 +7.95% 86
North West -7 298 £425 - 174
West Midlands -7 250 £450 +7.14% 99
South West -22 243 £450 +7.46% 134
East Midlands +15 170 £450 +12.50% 73
Yorkshire -16 151 £425 +6.25% 90
North East +4 72 £500 +50.94% 20
South Coast +1 3 - -
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 2,242 (52.16%) Agile Software Development
2 1,825 (42.46%) Java
3 1,413 (32.88%) Amazon AWS
4 1,239 (28.83%) JavaScript
5 1,145 (26.64%) TDD
6 1,105 (25.71%) SQL
7 1,050 (24.43%) REST
8 951 (22.13%) RESTful
9 930 (21.64%) SOAP
10 884 (20.57%) .NET
11 874 (20.34%) DevOps
12 851 (19.80%) Jenkins
13 844 (19.64%) HTML
14 828 (19.26%) Git (software)
15 817 (19.01%) Scrum
16 814 (18.94%) C#
17 813 (18.92%) Microservices
18 760 (17.68%) Continuous Integration
19 740 (17.22%) Finance
20 732 (17.03%) Test Automation
21 722 (16.80%) Spring
22 702 (16.33%) XML
23 701 (16.31%) Docker
24 690 (16.05%) CSS
25 678 (15.77%) BDD
26 627 (14.59%) Linux
27 589 (13.70%) SQL Server
28 579 (13.47%) JSON
29 557 (12.96%) MVC
30 553 (12.87%) AngularJS

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 252 (5.86%) Confluence
2 159 (3.70%) Elasticsearch
3 133 (3.09%) CMS
4 123 (2.86%) Tomcat
5 117 (2.72%) Mule
6 113 (2.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 99 (2.30%) Apache
8 96 (2.23%) SharePoint
9 91 (2.12%) JBoss
10 89 (2.07%) IIS
11 84 (1.95%) WebSphere
12 69 (1.61%) MQSeries
13 54 (1.26%) Oracle Service Bus
14 52 (1.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 52 (1.21%) WebLogic
15 45 (1.05%) Apache Solr
15 45 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
16 39 (0.91%) Apache Spark
17 35 (0.81%) Drupal
18 34 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 50 (1.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 46 (1.07%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (0.79%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
5 12 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 11 (0.26%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.093%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.070%) InVision
8 3 (0.070%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.047%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.023%) CATIA
10 1 (0.023%) GIMP
10 1 (0.023%) InDesign
10 1 (0.023%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.023%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.023%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 65 (1.51%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.44%) Teamcenter
3 17 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
4 15 (0.35%) Workday HCM
5 11 (0.26%) Magento
6 8 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
7 7 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
8 6 (0.14%) HFM
8 6 (0.14%) Maximo
8 6 (0.14%) Oracle CRM
8 6 (0.14%) Oracle CRM On Demand
8 6 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 5 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
10 4 (0.093%) Oracle Financials
10 4 (0.093%) Visualfiles
11 3 (0.070%) Oracle EBS
11 3 (0.070%) Oracle EBS R12
11 3 (0.070%) SAP S/4HANA
11 3 (0.070%) thinkFolio
12 2 (0.047%) Bloomberg AIM
Cloud Services
1 1,413 (32.88%) Amazon AWS
2 526 (12.24%) Microsoft Azure
3 264 (6.14%) Amazon EC2
4 194 (4.51%) Amazon S3
5 189 (4.40%) SaaS
6 177 (4.12%) Serverless
7 173 (4.03%) Google Cloud Platform
8 134 (3.12%) AWS CloudFormation
9 129 (3.00%) GitHub
10 128 (2.98%) AWS Lambda
11 118 (2.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 98 (2.28%) PaaS
13 83 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
14 74 (1.72%) IaaS
15 58 (1.35%) Amazon EMR
16 56 (1.30%) Office 365
16 56 (1.30%) OpenShift
17 49 (1.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 46 (1.07%) Amazon SQS
19 43 (1.00%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 132 (3.07%) TCP/IP
2 122 (2.84%) Firewall
3 97 (2.26%) Internet
4 95 (2.21%) DNS
5 93 (2.16%) HTTP
6 77 (1.79%) VPN
7 64 (1.49%) SSL
8 49 (1.14%) Network Security
9 42 (0.98%) Reverse Proxy
9 42 (0.98%) WAN
10 39 (0.91%) LAN
11 29 (0.67%) SAN
12 20 (0.47%) Ethernet
12 20 (0.47%) WLAN
13 18 (0.42%) FTP
14 17 (0.40%) SSH
15 16 (0.37%) HTTPS
15 16 (0.37%) Kerberos
16 14 (0.33%) Wireshark
17 13 (0.30%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 589 (13.70%) SQL Server
2 335 (7.79%) NoSQL
3 305 (7.10%) Relational Database
4 284 (6.61%) MongoDB
5 256 (5.96%) MySQL
6 173 (4.03%) Apache Cassandra
7 169 (3.93%) PostgreSQL
8 139 (3.23%) Hadoop
9 121 (2.82%) Big Data
10 115 (2.68%) RDBMS
11 105 (2.44%) Data Warehouse
12 99 (2.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 98 (2.28%) Amazon RDS
14 91 (2.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 90 (2.09%) Oracle Database
16 76 (1.77%) Amazon Redshift
17 67 (1.56%) Couchbase
18 57 (1.33%) DB2
19 53 (1.23%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 47 (1.09%) Redis
Development Applications
1 851 (19.80%) Jenkins
2 828 (19.26%) Git (software)
3 518 (12.05%) JIRA
4 481 (11.19%) Maven
5 355 (8.26%) Selenium
6 321 (7.47%) JUnit
7 235 (5.47%) Visual Studio
8 216 (5.03%) Cucumber
9 173 (4.03%) Subversion
10 168 (3.91%) TeamCity
11 160 (3.72%) SoapUI
12 152 (3.54%) Team Foundation Server
13 142 (3.30%) Mockito
14 127 (2.95%) Gradle
14 127 (2.95%) SonarQube
15 125 (2.91%) Eclipse
16 105 (2.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 91 (2.12%) JMeter
17 91 (2.12%) Octopus Deploy
18 88 (2.05%) Bitbucket
General
1 740 (17.22%) Finance
2 375 (8.72%) Banking
3 170 (3.96%) Retail
4 163 (3.79%) Marketing
5 144 (3.35%) Front Office
6 133 (3.09%) Telecoms
7 118 (2.75%) Manufacturing
8 93 (2.16%) Electronics
9 76 (1.77%) Games
10 69 (1.61%) Back Office
11 58 (1.35%) Investment Banking
12 39 (0.91%) Publishing
13 38 (0.88%) Financial Institution
13 38 (0.88%) Legal
14 36 (0.84%) Law
15 29 (0.67%) Aerospace
16 23 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
17 22 (0.51%) Military
18 13 (0.30%) Advertising
18 13 (0.30%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,319 (53.96%) Developer
2 821 (19.10%) Java Developer
3 478 (11.12%) Architect
4 371 (8.63%) .NET Developer
5 296 (6.89%) Senior Developer
6 286 (6.65%) DevOps Engineer
7 234 (5.44%) Analyst
8 225 (5.23%) C# Developer
9 195 (4.54%) AWS Engineer
10 182 (4.23%) Tester
11 175 (4.07%) Full Stack Developer
12 147 (3.42%) Lead Developer
13 146 (3.40%) C# .NET Developer
13 146 (3.40%) Solutions Architect
14 145 (3.37%) Senior Java Developer
15 134 (3.12%) Software Engineer
16 132 (3.07%) AWS DevOps
17 122 (2.84%) AWS Developer
17 122 (2.84%) Consultant
18 113 (2.63%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,050 (24.43%) REST
2 951 (22.13%) RESTful
3 930 (21.64%) SOAP
4 884 (20.57%) .NET
5 844 (19.64%) HTML
6 722 (16.80%) Spring
7 702 (16.33%) XML
8 690 (16.05%) CSS
9 579 (13.47%) JSON
10 553 (12.87%) AngularJS
11 418 (9.73%) Spring Boot
12 383 (8.91%) Node.js
13 370 (8.61%) React
14 369 (8.59%) ASP.NET
15 345 (8.03%) HTML5
16 311 (7.24%) jQuery
17 273 (6.35%) Hibernate
18 266 (6.19%) .NET Framework
19 265 (6.17%) J2EE
20 247 (5.75%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 335 (7.79%) Greenfield Project
2 291 (6.77%) Analytical Skills
3 153 (3.56%) User Experience
4 143 (3.33%) Mobile App
5 113 (2.63%) Enterprise Software
6 92 (2.14%) Public Cloud
7 81 (1.88%) Fintech
8 78 (1.81%) Self-Motivation
9 72 (1.68%) Data Centre
10 67 (1.56%) Algorithms
11 64 (1.49%) Data Structures
12 61 (1.42%) Replication
13 60 (1.40%) Fixed Income
14 59 (1.37%) Equities
15 56 (1.30%) Management Information System
16 50 (1.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 42 (0.98%) Client/Server
18 40 (0.93%) NHS
19 37 (0.86%) Cloud Native
19 37 (0.86%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 627 (14.59%) Linux
2 387 (9.00%) Windows
3 228 (5.30%) Unix
4 124 (2.89%) Windows Server
5 112 (2.61%) Android
6 111 (2.58%) Apple iOS
7 97 (2.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 32 (0.74%) Solaris
9 30 (0.70%) Windows 10
10 27 (0.63%) Windows Server 2008
11 24 (0.56%) CentOS
11 24 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
12 18 (0.42%) Ubuntu
13 15 (0.35%) Mac OS X
14 13 (0.30%) AIX
15 12 (0.28%) SUSE
16 11 (0.26%) Windows 7
17 9 (0.21%) Mac OS
18 8 (0.19%) Windows 8
19 5 (0.12%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,242 (52.16%) Agile Software Development
2 1,145 (26.64%) TDD
3 874 (20.34%) DevOps
4 817 (19.01%) Scrum
5 813 (18.92%) Microservices
6 760 (17.68%) Continuous Integration
7 732 (17.03%) Test Automation
8 678 (15.77%) BDD
9 557 (12.96%) MVC
10 414 (9.63%) Software Engineering
11 403 (9.38%) SOA
12 358 (8.33%) Open Source
13 322 (7.49%) Kanban
14 304 (7.07%) OO
15 303 (7.05%) E-Commerce
16 302 (7.03%) Problem-Solving
17 291 (6.77%) Migration
18 288 (6.70%) SDLC
19 281 (6.54%) Unit Testing
20 218 (5.07%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,825 (42.46%) Java
2 1,239 (28.83%) JavaScript
3 1,105 (25.71%) SQL
4 814 (18.94%) C#
5 534 (12.42%) Python
6 448 (10.42%) Java 8
7 225 (5.23%) Scala
8 169 (3.93%) C++
9 161 (3.75%) PowerShell
10 151 (3.51%) T-SQL
11 150 (3.49%) Ruby
12 139 (3.23%) Bash Shell
12 139 (3.23%) Groovy
13 131 (3.05%) PL/SQL
14 126 (2.93%) PHP
15 88 (2.05%) Perl
16 79 (1.84%) C
17 72 (1.68%) Java 9
18 54 (1.26%) XPath
19 53 (1.23%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 370 (8.61%) Security Cleared
2 289 (6.72%) Degree
3 280 (6.51%) SC Cleared
4 78 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
5 63 (1.47%) DV Cleared
6 60 (1.40%) AWS Certification
7 56 (1.30%) ISTQB
8 50 (1.16%) ISEB
9 43 (1.00%) CISSP
10 39 (0.91%) CISM
11 29 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
12 27 (0.63%) CISA
13 23 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 21 (0.49%) ITIL Certification
15 19 (0.44%) Master's Degree
16 17 (0.40%) ISSAP
16 17 (0.40%) ISSMP
16 17 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
17 16 (0.37%) Cisco Certification
17 16 (0.37%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 265 (6.17%) QA
2 36 (0.84%) PCI DSS
3 35 (0.81%) GDPR
4 29 (0.67%) SLA
5 28 (0.65%) HMG Infosec
5 28 (0.65%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 28 (0.65%) JSP 440
6 20 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 18 (0.42%) HIPAA
8 17 (0.40%) Data Quality
9 16 (0.37%) FedRAMP
10 15 (0.35%) PMO
11 14 (0.33%) ISO 9001
12 13 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 11 (0.26%) WCAG
14 10 (0.23%) PSD2
15 9 (0.21%) IFRS
16 8 (0.19%) IFRS 9
16 8 (0.19%) ISAE 3402
16 8 (0.19%) ISO 31000
System Software
1 701 (16.31%) Docker
2 142 (3.30%) Active Directory
3 105 (2.44%) VMware Infrastructure
4 80 (1.86%) vSphere
5 22 (0.51%) Virtual Machines
6 18 (0.42%) XenApp
7 12 (0.28%) Apache Flume
8 10 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
9 9 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 9 (0.21%) VirtualBox
10 8 (0.19%) HDFS
10 8 (0.19%) Hyper-V
10 8 (0.19%) ISA Server
11 7 (0.16%) OpenAM
11 7 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
11 7 (0.16%) XenDesktop
12 5 (0.12%) Xen
13 4 (0.093%) OpenDJ
13 4 (0.093%) Shibboleth
14 3 (0.070%) etcd
Systems Management
1 309 (7.19%) Ansible
2 307 (7.14%) Kubernetes
3 291 (6.77%) Terraform
4 188 (4.37%) Puppet
5 182 (4.23%) Opscode Chef
6 70 (1.63%) Single Sign-On
7 61 (1.42%) Kibana
8 60 (1.40%) Mesos
9 50 (1.16%) Packer
10 41 (0.95%) logstash
11 24 (0.56%) SCCM
12 23 (0.54%) HP Quality Center
13 21 (0.49%) HP ALM
14 18 (0.42%) Prometheus
14 18 (0.42%) Rancher
15 17 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
15 17 (0.40%) Marathon
15 17 (0.40%) SCOM
16 15 (0.35%) Nagios
16 15 (0.35%) Salt
Vendors
1 518 (12.05%) Microsoft
2 514 (11.96%) Oracle
3 230 (5.35%) Google
4 176 (4.09%) SAP
5 144 (3.35%) VMware
6 117 (2.72%) Splunk
7 116 (2.70%) IBM
8 114 (2.65%) ServiceNow
9 84 (1.95%) Red Hat
10 83 (1.93%) Atlassian
11 71 (1.65%) Salesforce.com
12 70 (1.63%) Adobe
13 60 (1.40%) WSO2
14 52 (1.21%) MuleSoft
15 45 (1.05%) Citrix
16 42 (0.98%) Dell
16 42 (0.98%) HP
16 42 (0.98%) Informatica
17 41 (0.95%) Cisco
18 39 (0.91%) Sybase