Period
to 24 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 24 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 10 13
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 -1
Contract jobs citing AWS 8,187 3,302 7,608
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 12.18% 12.08% 9.87%
As % of the Cloud Services category 34.25% 37.68% 33.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,105 2,556 5,430
10th Percentile £425 £372 £400
25th Percentile £486 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £538 £550
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% -2.27% +4.76%
75th Percentile £650 £638 £625
90th Percentile £713 £725 £700
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £540
% change year-on-year +4.76% -2.78% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 2 13
10th Percentile £26.20 £19.04 £16.05
25th Percentile £41.63 £23.78 £21.25
Median hourly rate £61.00 £33.38 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +82.77% +33.50% -10.71%
75th Percentile £70.13 £43.78 £53.75
90th Percentile £73.45 £49.01 "
UK median hourly rate £60.68 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +51.69% -2.44% +16.31%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,901 8,764 22,794
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.55% 32.05% 29.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,349 6,245 16,058
10th Percentile £320 £313 £298
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £588
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £498
% change year-on-year +5.00% +0.50% +4.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 422 117 319
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.70 £13.25
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.75 £16.25
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -6.98% +2.38% +20.00%
75th Percentile £41.62 £42.00 £42.00
90th Percentile £65.23 £55.00 £71.40
UK median hourly rate £20.94 £21.93 £20.25
% change year-on-year -4.54% +8.30% +15.71%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Daily rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 24 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the England region over the 6 months to 24 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 5,175 £575 +4.55% 1,766
North of England -6 724 £525 +5.00% 624
South East +1 575 £525 +7.69% 344
Midlands +15 438 £509 +13.06% 291
South West +1 396 £500 +4.00% 169
North West -7 385 £525 +7.14% 382
West Midlands +26 337 £510 +18.06% 184
Yorkshire -8 253 £525 +3.86% 177
East of England -1 228 £540 +5.37% 218
North East +4 96 £565 +7.62% 65
East Midlands -9 92 £500 +6.95% 107
South Coast - 1 £600 -
AWS
UK

For the 6 months to 24 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for AWS.

1 3,417 (41.74%) Azure
2 2,995 (36.58%) Agile Software Development
3 2,861 (34.95%) DevOps
4 2,384 (29.12%) Python
5 2,159 (26.37%) Terraform
6 2,076 (25.36%) Java
7 1,959 (23.93%) Docker
8 1,892 (23.11%) Kubernetes
9 1,621 (19.80%) Finance
10 1,604 (19.59%) GCP
11 1,565 (19.12%) Serverless
12 1,520 (18.57%) Microservices
13 1,459 (17.82%) JavaScript
14 1,400 (17.10%) Social Skills
15 1,381 (16.87%) Software Engineering
16 1,353 (16.53%) SQL
17 1,265 (15.45%) Jenkins
18 1,222 (14.93%) Linux
19 1,211 (14.79%) AWS Lambda
20 1,082 (13.22%) React
21 1,045 (12.76%) Web Services
22 1,016 (12.41%) Git (software)
23 983 (12.01%) Node.js
24 970 (11.85%) Ansible
25 940 (11.48%) Security Cleared
26 893 (10.91%) Full Stack Development
27 866 (10.58%) Amazon S3
28 858 (10.48%) Infrastructure as Code
29 817 (9.98%) TDD
30 771 (9.42%) Scrum

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 356 (4.35%) Confluence
2 351 (4.29%) Apache Spark
3 242 (2.96%) Elasticsearch
4 182 (2.22%) Apache
5 161 (1.97%) Apache Airflow
6 106 (1.29%) Tomcat
7 96 (1.17%) SharePoint
8 78 (0.95%) nginx
9 76 (0.93%) SAS
10 62 (0.76%) OpenStack
11 49 (0.60%) CMS
12 48 (0.59%) Cloud Foundry
13 33 (0.40%) WebLogic
14 32 (0.39%) IIS
15 31 (0.38%) BizTalk Server
16 25 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 23 (0.28%) WebSphere
18 22 (0.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 21 (0.26%) JBoss
19 21 (0.26%) Jupyter
Applications
1 62 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 47 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.39%) MS Visio
4 30 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
5 18 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
6 17 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 10 (0.12%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.049%) SPSS
9 2 (0.024%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.012%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.012%) CPLEX
10 1 (0.012%) SPSS Modeler
10 1 (0.012%) Weka
Business Applications
1 23 (0.28%) Sentinel
2 21 (0.26%) Magento
3 16 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 16 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
4 14 (0.17%) Cloudability
5 11 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
6 7 (0.086%) Payment Gateway
6 7 (0.086%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 6 (0.073%) Dynamics CRM
8 5 (0.061%) assyst
8 5 (0.061%) SAP ERP
8 5 (0.061%) Shopify
9 4 (0.049%) Oracle BPM
9 4 (0.049%) Oracle EBS
10 3 (0.037%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 3 (0.037%) Towers Watson Igloo
11 2 (0.024%) Adobe Campaign
11 2 (0.024%) Maximo
11 2 (0.024%) Oracle Applications
11 2 (0.024%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 3,417 (41.74%) Azure
2 1,604 (19.59%) GCP
3 1,565 (19.12%) Serverless
4 1,211 (14.79%) AWS Lambda
5 866 (10.58%) Amazon S3
6 670 (8.18%) AWS CloudFormation
7 562 (6.86%) Amazon EC2
8 493 (6.02%) GitHub
9 448 (5.47%) Amazon SQS
10 442 (5.40%) PaaS
11 399 (4.87%) SaaS
12 392 (4.79%) IaaS
13 306 (3.74%) Amazon ECS
14 288 (3.52%) AWS Step Functions
15 285 (3.48%) Amazon EKS
16 250 (3.05%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 212 (2.59%) Microsoft 365
18 206 (2.52%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 196 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
20 190 (2.32%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 281 (3.43%) Firewall
2 213 (2.60%) DNS
3 159 (1.94%) HTTP
4 119 (1.45%) TCP/IP
5 109 (1.33%) Internet
6 108 (1.32%) Network Security
7 100 (1.22%) VPN
8 83 (1.01%) WAN
9 77 (0.94%) LAN
10 73 (0.89%) SSL
11 58 (0.71%) DHCP
12 56 (0.68%) SAN
13 52 (0.64%) BGP
14 44 (0.54%) Kerberos
15 37 (0.45%) Wireless
16 35 (0.43%) OSPF
17 31 (0.38%) IPsec
18 29 (0.35%) SD-WAN
19 28 (0.34%) Cisco ASA
20 27 (0.33%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 654 (7.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 533 (6.51%) PostgreSQL
3 530 (6.47%) Amazon RDS
4 490 (5.99%) NoSQL
5 484 (5.91%) Big Data
6 407 (4.97%) MySQL
7 394 (4.81%) SQL Server
8 340 (4.15%) Hadoop
9 336 (4.10%) Data Warehouse
10 328 (4.01%) MongoDB
11 327 (3.99%) Relational Database
12 235 (2.87%) Data Lake
13 230 (2.81%) Amazon Redshift
14 169 (2.06%) Power BI
15 160 (1.95%) Redis
16 157 (1.92%) Apache Hive
17 151 (1.84%) Oracle Database
18 135 (1.65%) Amazon Athena
19 126 (1.54%) RDBMS
20 124 (1.51%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 1,265 (15.45%) Jenkins
2 1,016 (12.41%) Git (software)
3 667 (8.15%) JIRA
4 465 (5.68%) GitLab
5 279 (3.41%) Maven
6 231 (2.82%) Bitbucket
7 177 (2.16%) Cucumber
8 175 (2.14%) JUnit
9 138 (1.69%) Selenium
10 119 (1.45%) Artifactory
11 109 (1.33%) CircleCI
12 107 (1.31%) Sonatype Nexus
13 97 (1.18%) SonarQube
14 96 (1.17%) Gradle
14 96 (1.17%) JMeter
15 94 (1.15%) TeamCity
16 84 (1.03%) Postman
17 78 (0.95%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 72 (0.88%) Mockito
18 72 (0.88%) Subversion
General
1 1,621 (19.80%) Finance
2 1,400 (17.10%) Social Skills
3 589 (7.19%) Public Sector
4 442 (5.40%) Banking
5 422 (5.15%) Front Office
6 397 (4.85%) Analytical Skills
7 228 (2.78%) Retail
8 155 (1.89%) Telecoms
9 151 (1.84%) Marketing
10 144 (1.76%) Presentation Skills
11 113 (1.38%) Financial Institution
12 107 (1.31%) Influencing Skills
13 104 (1.27%) Legal
14 92 (1.12%) Manufacturing
15 88 (1.07%) Investment Banking
16 84 (1.03%) Law
17 74 (0.90%) Electronics
18 56 (0.68%) Games
19 53 (0.65%) Documentation Skills
20 43 (0.53%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,240 (27.36%) Developer
2 1,378 (16.83%) Architect
3 1,079 (13.18%) DevOps Engineer
4 991 (12.10%) AWS Engineer
5 568 (6.94%) Java Developer
6 567 (6.93%) Software Engineer
7 458 (5.59%) Data Engineer
8 451 (5.51%) Solutions Architect
9 447 (5.46%) AWS DevOps
10 399 (4.87%) Cloud Engineer
11 389 (4.75%) AWS Architect
12 386 (4.71%) Cloud Architect
13 379 (4.63%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 335 (4.09%) AWS Developer
15 333 (4.07%) React Developer
16 320 (3.91%) Python Developer
17 311 (3.80%) Senior Developer
18 296 (3.62%) Full Stack Developer
19 248 (3.03%) Python Engineer
20 247 (3.02%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,082 (13.22%) React
2 1,045 (12.76%) Web Services
3 983 (12.01%) Node.js
4 574 (7.01%) Spring
5 567 (6.93%) Kafka
6 557 (6.80%) REST
7 479 (5.85%) .NET
8 471 (5.75%) AngularJS
9 446 (5.45%) Spring Boot
10 374 (4.57%) CSS
11 359 (4.39%) HTML
12 338 (4.13%) RESTful
13 250 (3.05%) GraphQL
14 245 (2.99%) Material-UI
15 215 (2.63%) JSON
16 165 (2.02%) .NET Core
17 163 (1.99%) SOAP
18 154 (1.88%) XML
19 142 (1.73%) HTML5
19 142 (1.73%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 416 (5.08%) Cloud Native
2 414 (5.06%) Public Cloud
3 288 (3.52%) Data Centre
4 184 (2.25%) Data Protection Act
4 184 (2.25%) Hybrid Cloud
5 177 (2.16%) Derivative
6 172 (2.10%) Equities
7 168 (2.05%) Greenfield Project
7 168 (2.05%) Hedge funds
8 164 (2.00%) Fixed Income
9 143 (1.75%) User Experience
10 137 (1.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 123 (1.50%) Algorithms
12 112 (1.37%) Legacy Systems
13 108 (1.32%) Data Structures
14 103 (1.26%) Management Information System
15 96 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
16 93 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
17 78 (0.95%) NHS
18 75 (0.92%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 1,222 (14.93%) Linux
2 630 (7.70%) Windows
3 330 (4.03%) Unix
4 180 (2.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 154 (1.88%) Windows Server
6 63 (0.77%) CentOS
7 48 (0.59%) Ubuntu
8 45 (0.55%) Android
8 45 (0.55%) Windows 10
9 44 (0.54%) Apple iOS
10 36 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
11 23 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
12 21 (0.26%) Solaris
13 20 (0.24%) AIX
13 20 (0.24%) Mac OS X
14 17 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
15 16 (0.20%) SUSE
15 16 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
16 12 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
16 12 (0.15%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,995 (36.58%) Agile Software Development
2 2,861 (34.95%) DevOps
3 1,520 (18.57%) Microservices
4 1,381 (16.87%) Software Engineering
5 893 (10.91%) Full Stack Development
6 858 (10.48%) Infrastructure as Code
7 817 (9.98%) TDD
8 771 (9.42%) Scrum
9 731 (8.93%) Analytics
10 722 (8.82%) Migration
11 618 (7.55%) Test Automation
12 572 (6.99%) Problem-Solving
13 527 (6.44%) Continuous Integration
14 483 (5.90%) Asset Management
15 401 (4.90%) Configuration Management
16 398 (4.86%) ETL
17 396 (4.84%) Stakeholder Management
18 391 (4.78%) SDLC
19 374 (4.57%) BDD
20 371 (4.53%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,384 (29.12%) Python
2 2,076 (25.36%) Java
3 1,459 (17.82%) JavaScript
4 1,353 (16.53%) SQL
5 749 (9.15%) TypeScript
6 469 (5.73%) Bash Shell
7 415 (5.07%) C#
8 395 (4.82%) PowerShell
9 332 (4.06%) Go
10 306 (3.74%) Scala
11 259 (3.16%) Java 8
12 193 (2.36%) C++
13 189 (2.31%) Kotlin
14 186 (2.27%) Ruby
15 163 (1.99%) PHP
16 159 (1.94%) Java 11
17 157 (1.92%) PL/SQL
18 150 (1.83%) Shell Script
19 130 (1.59%) C
20 128 (1.56%) Perl
Qualifications
1 940 (11.48%) Security Cleared
2 755 (9.22%) SC Cleared
3 422 (5.15%) Degree
4 260 (3.18%) AWS Certification
5 131 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
6 126 (1.54%) CISSP
7 106 (1.29%) Cisco Certification
7 106 (1.29%) DV Cleared
8 84 (1.03%) BPSS Clearance
9 50 (0.61%) ISTQB
10 43 (0.53%) CCNP
11 38 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
12 37 (0.45%) TOGAF Certification
13 36 (0.44%) Sun Certification
14 34 (0.42%) OCPJP
15 33 (0.40%) CCIE
16 31 (0.38%) CISM
17 29 (0.35%) CCNA
18 27 (0.33%) CISA
18 27 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 208 (2.54%) QA
2 174 (2.13%) GDPR
3 117 (1.43%) Data Quality
4 102 (1.25%) Accessibility
5 69 (0.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 54 (0.66%) NIST
7 52 (0.64%) SLA
8 41 (0.50%) GRC
9 35 (0.43%) PCI DSS
10 27 (0.33%) NCSC
10 27 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 19 (0.23%) PMO
12 12 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
12 12 (0.15%) IFRS
13 11 (0.13%) COBIT
14 10 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
14 10 (0.12%) NIST 800
15 6 (0.073%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 5 (0.061%) HL7
16 5 (0.061%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,959 (23.93%) Docker
2 325 (3.97%) Active Directory
3 265 (3.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 89 (1.09%) HDFS
5 74 (0.90%) vSphere
6 53 (0.65%) Hyper-V
7 48 (0.59%) Virtual Machines
8 40 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 38 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
10 35 (0.43%) VMware NSX
11 32 (0.39%) Microsoft App-V
12 23 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
13 19 (0.23%) NFS
14 17 (0.21%) XenApp
15 14 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
16 13 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
17 12 (0.15%) RACF
17 12 (0.15%) Xen
18 11 (0.13%) OpenAM
18 11 (0.13%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 2,159 (26.37%) Terraform
2 1,892 (23.11%) Kubernetes
3 970 (11.85%) Ansible
4 331 (4.04%) Puppet
5 242 (2.96%) Prometheus
6 215 (2.63%) Grafana
7 213 (2.60%) Opscode Chef
8 113 (1.38%) Packer
9 74 (0.90%) Rancher
10 64 (0.78%) Kibana
11 60 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
12 59 (0.72%) Nagios
13 57 (0.70%) Microsoft Intune
13 57 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
14 54 (0.66%) SCCM
15 48 (0.59%) Istio
16 46 (0.56%) Consul
17 39 (0.48%) ZABBIX
18 33 (0.40%) vRealize
19 31 (0.38%) Graphite
Vendors
1 635 (7.76%) Microsoft
2 629 (7.68%) Oracle
3 549 (6.71%) Google
4 421 (5.14%) VMware
5 238 (2.91%) Splunk
6 209 (2.55%) SAP
7 179 (2.19%) Informatica
8 167 (2.04%) Salesforce.com
9 153 (1.87%) Cisco
10 150 (1.83%) Red Hat
11 140 (1.71%) Databricks
12 112 (1.37%) Cloudera
13 110 (1.34%) Atlassian
13 110 (1.34%) MuleSoft
14 100 (1.22%) IBM
15 85 (1.04%) CheckPoint
16 79 (0.96%) Citrix
17 76 (0.93%) ServiceNow
18 74 (0.90%) Talend
19 66 (0.81%) HP