Period
to 7 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 7 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK > England
6 months to
7 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 13 11 30
Rank change year-on-year -2 +19 +18
Contract jobs citing AWS 7,127 8,930 6,131
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 9.73% 9.32% 6.45%
As % of the Cloud Services category 32.36% 37.43% 36.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,982 6,582 4,599
England median daily rate £545 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.81% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £399 £388 £375
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
UK median daily rate £538 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 10 19
England median hourly rate £35.00 £41.13 £40.31
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.89% +2.03% +15.16%
10th Percentile £19.25 £34.15 £26.08
90th Percentile £60.30 £96.48 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £41.50 £40.31
% change year-on-year -15.66% +2.96% +15.16%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 22,024 23,861 16,816
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.07% 24.91% 17.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,079 16,751 11,783
England median daily rate £500 £490 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +5.56%
10th Percentile £281 £306 £275
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £495 £485 £470
% change year-on-year +2.06% +3.19% +4.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 366 310 207
England median hourly rate £21.50 £17.50 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.86% -14.63% +7.89%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.25 £11.15
90th Percentile £78.75 £57.75 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -12.50% +7.85%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing AWS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing AWS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 7 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the England region over the 6 months to 7 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 4,127 £550 - 1,588
North of England +5 966 £488 +2.63% 505
South East -1 772 £500 -4.76% 356
North West +8 528 £500 +1.73% 288
Midlands +3 461 £500 +11.11% 243
South West +3 448 £525 +10.53% 154
Yorkshire +3 350 £475 +5.56% 166
East of England +6 332 £500 - 218
West Midlands +6 307 £500 +0.10% 152
East Midlands -1 152 £475 +11.76% 91
North East +6 88 £444 -11.25% 51
AWS
UK

For the 6 months to 7 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for AWS.

1 2,827 (39.67%) Azure
2 2,810 (39.43%) Agile Software Development
3 2,690 (37.74%) DevOps
4 2,157 (30.27%) Python
5 1,917 (26.90%) Java
6 1,719 (24.12%) Docker
7 1,478 (20.74%) Kubernetes
8 1,433 (20.11%) Linux
9 1,379 (19.35%) Terraform
10 1,319 (18.51%) Microservices
11 1,292 (18.13%) Jenkins
12 1,265 (17.75%) Finance
13 1,177 (16.51%) Web Services
14 1,160 (16.28%) GCP
15 1,132 (15.88%) SQL
16 1,122 (15.74%) Ansible
17 1,048 (14.70%) JavaScript
18 996 (13.98%) Git (software)
19 928 (13.02%) Security Cleared
20 913 (12.81%) Serverless
21 878 (12.32%) Scrum
22 834 (11.70%) Continuous Integration
23 815 (11.44%) TDD
24 768 (10.78%) Node.js
25 759 (10.65%) Microsoft
26 758 (10.64%) Migration
27 747 (10.48%) SC Cleared
28 743 (10.43%) Software Engineering
29 734 (10.30%) Windows
30 726 (10.19%) AWS Lambda

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 362 (5.08%) Apache Spark
2 339 (4.76%) Confluence
3 231 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
4 217 (3.04%) Apache
5 129 (1.81%) nginx
6 118 (1.66%) Tomcat
7 105 (1.47%) OpenStack
8 89 (1.25%) IIS
9 85 (1.19%) JBoss
10 75 (1.05%) SharePoint
11 66 (0.93%) WebLogic
12 64 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
13 56 (0.79%) Apache Airflow
14 49 (0.69%) MS Exchange
15 47 (0.66%) Jupyter
16 45 (0.63%) Skype for Business
16 45 (0.63%) WebSphere
17 39 (0.55%) Jetty
18 31 (0.43%) SAS
19 30 (0.42%) CMS
Applications
1 70 (0.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 50 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
4 14 (0.20%) MS Visio
5 13 (0.18%) Microsoft Project
6 7 (0.098%) XMetaL
7 3 (0.042%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.042%) GNU Octave
7 3 (0.042%) InDesign
7 3 (0.042%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.014%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.014%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 45 (0.63%) FINCAD Analytics
2 23 (0.32%) Dynamics CRM
3 15 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 12 (0.17%) assyst
4 12 (0.17%) PolarLake
5 10 (0.14%) Markit EDM
5 10 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 9 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.11%) Eikon
7 8 (0.11%) Magento
7 8 (0.11%) SAP ERP
8 7 (0.098%) Distributed Ledger
8 7 (0.098%) Oracle Applications
8 7 (0.098%) Oracle Cash Management
9 6 (0.084%) NetSuite
10 5 (0.070%) Adobe Campaign
10 5 (0.070%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.070%) Payment Gateway
10 5 (0.070%) SAP S/4HANA
11 4 (0.056%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 2,827 (39.67%) Azure
2 1,160 (16.28%) GCP
3 913 (12.81%) Serverless
4 726 (10.19%) AWS Lambda
5 711 (9.98%) Amazon S3
6 614 (8.62%) Amazon EC2
7 569 (7.98%) AWS CloudFormation
8 344 (4.83%) GitHub
9 325 (4.56%) PaaS
10 287 (4.03%) Amazon SQS
11 284 (3.98%) IaaS
11 284 (3.98%) SaaS
12 270 (3.79%) Office 365
13 240 (3.37%) OpenShift
14 207 (2.90%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 206 (2.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 194 (2.72%) Amazon ECS
17 183 (2.57%) Cloud Computing
18 152 (2.13%) Amazon Kinesis
19 137 (1.92%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 341 (4.78%) Firewall
2 220 (3.09%) DNS
3 200 (2.81%) VPN
4 148 (2.08%) WAN
5 141 (1.98%) TCP/IP
6 128 (1.80%) HTTP
7 100 (1.40%) DHCP
7 100 (1.40%) SSL
8 93 (1.30%) LAN
8 93 (1.30%) Network Security
9 89 (1.25%) Internet
10 68 (0.95%) SAN
11 57 (0.80%) Skype
12 47 (0.66%) Kerberos
13 44 (0.62%) IPsec
14 42 (0.59%) BGP
15 35 (0.49%) FTP
16 34 (0.48%) VLAN
17 32 (0.45%) NetScaler
17 32 (0.45%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 573 (8.04%) Big Data
2 550 (7.72%) PostgreSQL
3 479 (6.72%) Amazon RDS
4 456 (6.40%) SQL Server
5 433 (6.08%) NoSQL
6 424 (5.95%) MySQL
7 377 (5.29%) Amazon Redshift
8 348 (4.88%) Hadoop
9 339 (4.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 326 (4.57%) MongoDB
11 282 (3.96%) Relational Database
12 248 (3.48%) Data Warehouse
13 203 (2.85%) Amazon Athena
14 168 (2.36%) Apache Cassandra
15 161 (2.26%) Data Lake
16 150 (2.10%) RDBMS
17 123 (1.73%) Redis
18 118 (1.66%) Power BI
19 117 (1.64%) Apache Hive
20 115 (1.61%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 1,292 (18.13%) Jenkins
2 996 (13.98%) Git (software)
3 604 (8.47%) JIRA
4 257 (3.61%) Maven
5 240 (3.37%) GitLab
6 177 (2.48%) Selenium
6 177 (2.48%) SonarQube
7 171 (2.40%) JUnit
8 168 (2.36%) Bitbucket
9 155 (2.17%) TeamCity
10 154 (2.16%) Sonatype Nexus
11 149 (2.09%) Artifactory
12 147 (2.06%) Mockito
13 131 (1.84%) Cucumber
14 117 (1.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 112 (1.57%) CircleCI
16 81 (1.14%) Octopus Deploy
17 80 (1.12%) Travis CI
17 80 (1.12%) Visual Studio Team System
18 79 (1.11%) Subversion
General
1 1,265 (17.75%) Finance
2 373 (5.23%) Banking
3 355 (4.98%) Public Sector
4 287 (4.03%) Front Office
5 251 (3.52%) Retail
6 105 (1.47%) Telecoms
7 93 (1.30%) Marketing
8 86 (1.21%) Law
9 65 (0.91%) Investment Banking
10 62 (0.87%) Manufacturing
11 55 (0.77%) Legal
12 46 (0.65%) Games
13 40 (0.56%) Billing
14 37 (0.52%) Publishing
15 35 (0.49%) Financial Institution
16 32 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
17 30 (0.42%) Back Office
18 28 (0.39%) Electronics
19 20 (0.28%) Advertising
19 20 (0.28%) Police
Job Titles
1 2,089 (29.31%) Developer
2 1,216 (17.06%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,092 (15.32%) Architect
4 787 (11.04%) AWS Engineer
5 618 (8.67%) Java Developer
6 462 (6.48%) AWS DevOps
7 426 (5.98%) AWS Developer
8 381 (5.35%) Data Engineer
9 379 (5.32%) Cloud Engineer
9 379 (5.32%) Senior Developer
10 362 (5.08%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 327 (4.59%) Cloud Architect
12 319 (4.48%) AWS Architect
13 253 (3.55%) Python Engineer
14 244 (3.42%) Software Engineer
15 243 (3.41%) Solutions Architect
16 242 (3.40%) Consultant
17 241 (3.38%) Full Stack Developer
18 234 (3.28%) Python Developer
19 213 (2.99%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,177 (16.51%) Web Services
2 768 (10.78%) Node.js
3 621 (8.71%) .NET
4 605 (8.49%) React
5 499 (7.00%) Spring
6 479 (6.72%) AngularJS
7 452 (6.34%) REST
8 393 (5.51%) Kafka
9 376 (5.28%) RESTful
10 342 (4.80%) CSS
11 328 (4.60%) HTML
12 313 (4.39%) Spring Boot
13 257 (3.61%) J2EE
14 254 (3.56%) JSON
15 200 (2.81%) .NET Core
16 179 (2.51%) SOAP
17 157 (2.20%) Redux
18 141 (1.98%) GraphQL
19 138 (1.94%) Elastic Stack
20 136 (1.91%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 531 (7.45%) Public Cloud
2 441 (6.19%) Greenfield Project
3 335 (4.70%) Data Centre
4 288 (4.04%) Analytical Skills
5 246 (3.45%) Fixed Income
6 211 (2.96%) Derivative
7 188 (2.64%) Cloud Native
8 141 (1.98%) Hybrid Cloud
9 136 (1.91%) User Experience
10 124 (1.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 119 (1.67%) Algorithms
12 112 (1.57%) Enterprise Software
13 103 (1.45%) Mobile App
14 100 (1.40%) Equities
15 96 (1.35%) Hedge funds
16 93 (1.30%) Data Structures
17 83 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
18 81 (1.14%) Management Information System
19 80 (1.12%) Private Cloud
20 75 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,433 (20.11%) Linux
2 734 (10.30%) Windows
3 301 (4.22%) Unix
4 299 (4.20%) Windows Server
5 246 (3.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 141 (1.98%) CentOS
7 107 (1.50%) Windows Server 2012
8 94 (1.32%) Ubuntu
9 93 (1.30%) Windows Server 2008
10 81 (1.14%) Android
11 79 (1.11%) Apple iOS
12 62 (0.87%) Windows 10
13 37 (0.52%) Windows 7
14 34 (0.48%) Mac OS X
15 30 (0.42%) Debian
16 24 (0.34%) CoreOS
17 23 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
18 18 (0.25%) Solaris
18 18 (0.25%) VMS
19 13 (0.18%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,810 (39.43%) Agile Software Development
2 2,690 (37.74%) DevOps
3 1,319 (18.51%) Microservices
4 878 (12.32%) Scrum
5 834 (11.70%) Continuous Integration
6 815 (11.44%) TDD
7 758 (10.64%) Migration
8 743 (10.43%) Software Engineering
9 566 (7.94%) Analytics
10 559 (7.84%) Configuration Management
11 515 (7.23%) Infrastructure as Code
12 504 (7.07%) Test Automation
13 497 (6.97%) Open Source
14 435 (6.10%) BDD
15 377 (5.29%) Kanban
16 370 (5.19%) Problem-Solving
17 351 (4.92%) ETL
18 337 (4.73%) Asset Management
19 331 (4.64%) Mentoring
20 321 (4.50%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,157 (30.27%) Python
2 1,917 (26.90%) Java
3 1,132 (15.88%) SQL
4 1,048 (14.70%) JavaScript
5 575 (8.07%) C#
6 479 (6.72%) Bash Shell
7 419 (5.88%) Ruby
8 368 (5.16%) PowerShell
9 303 (4.25%) Scala
10 298 (4.18%) Java 8
11 247 (3.47%) Go
12 208 (2.92%) R
13 200 (2.81%) C++
14 197 (2.76%) TypeScript
15 186 (2.61%) PHP
16 179 (2.51%) Perl
17 153 (2.15%) Shell Script
18 101 (1.42%) ES6
19 85 (1.19%) C
20 70 (0.98%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 928 (13.02%) Security Cleared
2 747 (10.48%) SC Cleared
3 258 (3.62%) Degree
4 228 (3.20%) AWS Certification
5 141 (1.98%) CISSP
6 111 (1.56%) Cisco Certification
7 84 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
8 76 (1.07%) Microsoft Certification
9 69 (0.97%) Computer Science Degree
10 63 (0.88%) DV Cleared
11 52 (0.73%) CISM
12 45 (0.63%) RHCE
13 41 (0.58%) TOGAF Certification
14 35 (0.49%) MCSE
15 34 (0.48%) CCNA
15 34 (0.48%) MCSA
16 30 (0.42%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 30 (0.42%) CCNP
17 28 (0.39%) PhD
18 25 (0.35%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 209 (2.93%) QA
2 120 (1.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 69 (0.97%) NIST
4 68 (0.95%) PCI DSS
5 64 (0.90%) GDPR
6 57 (0.80%) SLA
7 54 (0.76%) NCSC
8 42 (0.59%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 38 (0.53%) Data Quality
10 28 (0.39%) COBIT
10 28 (0.39%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 17 (0.24%) PMO
12 16 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
13 10 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 9 (0.13%) ISO 20022
14 9 (0.13%) TARGET2
15 8 (0.11%) GxP
15 8 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 6 (0.084%) ISO 9000
17 5 (0.070%) HIPAA
System Software
1 1,719 (24.12%) Docker
2 387 (5.43%) Active Directory
3 347 (4.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 122 (1.71%) vSphere
5 103 (1.45%) Hyper-V
6 83 (1.16%) Virtual Machines
7 49 (0.69%) VMware NSX
8 48 (0.67%) Postfix
9 46 (0.65%) XenApp
10 44 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
11 41 (0.58%) HDFS
12 32 (0.45%) XenDesktop
13 23 (0.32%) Virtual Servers
14 22 (0.31%) Xen
15 18 (0.25%) vCloud
15 18 (0.25%) VirtualBox
16 16 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 14 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
18 12 (0.17%) Firmware
19 11 (0.15%) NFS
Systems Management
1 1,478 (20.74%) Kubernetes
2 1,379 (19.35%) Terraform
3 1,122 (15.74%) Ansible
4 638 (8.95%) Puppet
5 526 (7.38%) Opscode Chef
6 152 (2.13%) Packer
7 113 (1.59%) Prometheus
8 111 (1.56%) SCCM
9 84 (1.18%) Grafana
10 81 (1.14%) Salt
11 74 (1.04%) Single Sign-On
12 69 (0.97%) Nagios
13 58 (0.81%) Consul
13 58 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
14 53 (0.74%) Kibana
15 39 (0.55%) vRealize
16 38 (0.53%) SCOM
17 36 (0.51%) Hadoop YARN
18 35 (0.49%) Istio
18 35 (0.49%) Rancher
Vendors
1 759 (10.65%) Microsoft
2 698 (9.79%) Google
3 538 (7.55%) VMware
4 428 (6.01%) Oracle
5 232 (3.26%) Splunk
6 226 (3.17%) Cisco
7 220 (3.09%) Red Hat
8 125 (1.75%) Cloudera
9 122 (1.71%) Tableau
10 117 (1.64%) Citrix
10 117 (1.64%) IBM
11 115 (1.61%) SAP
12 80 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
13 75 (1.05%) Sybase
14 74 (1.04%) Atlassian
14 74 (1.04%) Informatica
15 61 (0.86%) Hortonworks
15 61 (0.86%) HP
15 61 (0.86%) Talend
16 58 (0.81%) Bloomberg