Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK > England
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 11 12 14
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 +26
Contract jobs citing AWS 4,281 8,959 7,997
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 11.57% 10.49% 8.39%
As % of the Cloud Services category 37.00% 36.53% 38.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,297 6,531 5,876
Median daily rate £550 £540 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.85% +2.86% +5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £400 £381
90th Percentile £725 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £538 £525
% change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 45 31 23
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -17.65% +6.25%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - -17.65% +6.25%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 11,569 24,527 20,927
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 31.27% 28.73% 21.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,793 16,978 14,406
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £308
90th Percentile £675 £656 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 255 326 281
Median hourly rate £34.00 £23.90 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +42.29% +19.48% -2.44%
10th Percentile £15.24 £12.88 £12.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £64.38 £60.00
Median hourly rate £33.06 £22.58 £19.00
% change year-on-year +46.42% +18.82% -

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Daily rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the England region over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 2,396 £575 +4.55% 518
North of England +5 653 £525 +7.69% 247
South East +3 415 £500 - 154
South West +9 372 £520 -0.95% 107
North West +6 340 £525 +5.00% 125
Yorkshire +4 230 £525 +6.33% 88
East of England +5 224 £520 +4.00% 69
Midlands -6 169 £475 -5.00% 100
West Midlands -16 101 £450 -9.55% 70
North East +11 76 £525 +10.53% 34
East Midlands +1 65 £510 +2.00% 30
AWS
UK

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for AWS.

1 1,922 (44.90%) Agile Software Development
2 1,807 (42.21%) Azure
3 1,639 (38.29%) DevOps
4 1,488 (34.76%) Java
5 1,398 (32.66%) Python
6 1,146 (26.77%) Docker
7 1,107 (25.86%) Kubernetes
8 967 (22.59%) Microservices
9 935 (21.84%) Terraform
10 924 (21.58%) Finance
11 893 (20.86%) Web Services
12 838 (19.57%) Jenkins
13 825 (19.27%) GCP
14 744 (17.38%) JavaScript
15 703 (16.42%) Security Cleared
16 702 (16.40%) Linux
17 699 (16.33%) Software Engineering
18 690 (16.12%) SQL
19 633 (14.79%) Serverless
20 567 (13.24%) SC Cleared
21 543 (12.68%) Ansible
22 537 (12.54%) Git (software)
23 522 (12.19%) AWS Lambda
24 518 (12.10%) TDD
25 494 (11.54%) Scrum
26 485 (11.33%) React
27 468 (10.93%) Google
27 468 (10.93%) Continuous Integration
28 457 (10.68%) Node.js
29 452 (10.56%) Test Automation

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 215 (5.02%) Confluence
2 198 (4.63%) Apache Spark
3 175 (4.09%) Elasticsearch
4 139 (3.25%) Apache
5 72 (1.68%) Tomcat
6 49 (1.14%) Cloud Foundry
7 43 (1.00%) nginx
8 37 (0.86%) WebLogic
9 27 (0.63%) SharePoint
10 26 (0.61%) CMS
10 26 (0.61%) SAS
11 25 (0.58%) JBoss
12 23 (0.54%) Red Hat Fuse
13 22 (0.51%) IIS
13 22 (0.51%) MS Exchange
13 22 (0.51%) Mule
14 19 (0.44%) MQSeries
15 18 (0.42%) Jupyter
15 18 (0.42%) WebSphere
16 15 (0.35%) OpenStack
Applications
1 37 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 12 (0.28%) MS Visio
3 10 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.19%) Chatbot
5 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.070%) Sketch
7 1 (0.023%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.023%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.023%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.023%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.023%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 32 (0.75%) Markit EDM
2 25 (0.58%) SimCorp Dimension
3 20 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
4 18 (0.42%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 12 (0.28%) Adobe Campaign
6 10 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
7 9 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 8 (0.19%) assyst
8 8 (0.19%) FINCAD Analytics
8 8 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
8 8 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
9 7 (0.16%) PolarLake
10 5 (0.12%) NetSuite
11 4 (0.093%) Dynamics AX
11 4 (0.093%) Magento
11 4 (0.093%) Oracle Applications
11 4 (0.093%) SAP GRC
12 3 (0.070%) Eagle PACE
12 3 (0.070%) Maximo
12 3 (0.070%) SAP MDM
Cloud Services
1 1,807 (42.21%) Azure
2 825 (19.27%) GCP
3 633 (14.79%) Serverless
4 522 (12.19%) AWS Lambda
5 439 (10.25%) Amazon S3
6 404 (9.44%) Amazon EC2
7 347 (8.11%) AWS CloudFormation
8 238 (5.56%) OpenShift
9 210 (4.91%) Amazon ECS
10 191 (4.46%) GitHub
11 176 (4.11%) Amazon SQS
12 170 (3.97%) SaaS
13 150 (3.50%) PaaS
14 132 (3.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 122 (2.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 120 (2.80%) IaaS
17 97 (2.27%) Cloud Computing
18 92 (2.15%) Amazon EKS
19 89 (2.08%) Route 53
20 81 (1.89%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 167 (3.90%) Firewall
2 138 (3.22%) DNS
3 105 (2.45%) HTTP
4 99 (2.31%) TCP/IP
5 96 (2.24%) SSL
6 64 (1.49%) VPN
7 62 (1.45%) Network Security
8 55 (1.28%) WAN
9 48 (1.12%) Internet
10 39 (0.91%) LAN
10 39 (0.91%) Skype
11 37 (0.86%) SAN
12 36 (0.84%) HTTPS
13 35 (0.82%) DHCP
14 29 (0.68%) BGP
15 23 (0.54%) Kerberos
15 23 (0.54%) Wireless
16 22 (0.51%) OSPF
16 22 (0.51%) VLAN
17 21 (0.49%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 322 (7.52%) Big Data
2 311 (7.26%) MySQL
3 304 (7.10%) MongoDB
4 294 (6.87%) Amazon RDS
4 294 (6.87%) SQL Server
5 278 (6.49%) PostgreSQL
6 271 (6.33%) NoSQL
7 260 (6.07%) Amazon Redshift
8 190 (4.44%) Relational Database
9 180 (4.20%) Hadoop
10 161 (3.76%) Data Warehouse
11 142 (3.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 89 (2.08%) Oracle Database
13 88 (2.06%) RDBMS
14 86 (2.01%) Data Lake
15 79 (1.85%) Redis
16 76 (1.78%) Amazon Aurora
17 73 (1.71%) Amazon Athena
18 69 (1.61%) Apache Cassandra
19 65 (1.52%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 838 (19.57%) Jenkins
2 537 (12.54%) Git (software)
3 314 (7.33%) JIRA
4 280 (6.54%) GitLab
5 184 (4.30%) Maven
6 174 (4.06%) Artifactory
7 126 (2.94%) Mockito
8 118 (2.76%) Cucumber
9 117 (2.73%) JUnit
10 105 (2.45%) Selenium
11 104 (2.43%) RStudio
12 103 (2.41%) Bitbucket
13 83 (1.94%) SonarQube
14 82 (1.92%) CircleCI
15 68 (1.59%) Gradle
16 67 (1.57%) Sonatype Nexus
17 65 (1.52%) TeamCity
18 52 (1.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 50 (1.17%) Octopus Deploy
20 42 (0.98%) Subversion
General
1 924 (21.58%) Finance
2 363 (8.48%) Front Office
3 347 (8.11%) Banking
4 340 (7.94%) Public Sector
5 135 (3.15%) Investment Banking
6 75 (1.75%) Retail
7 71 (1.66%) Marketing
8 67 (1.57%) Telecoms
9 39 (0.91%) Manufacturing
10 37 (0.86%) Games
11 33 (0.77%) Law
12 32 (0.75%) Back Office
13 26 (0.61%) Pharmaceutical
14 25 (0.58%) Electronics
15 24 (0.56%) Advertising
16 21 (0.49%) Legal
16 21 (0.49%) Police
17 16 (0.37%) Publishing
18 14 (0.33%) Financial Institution
19 11 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,404 (32.80%) Developer
2 678 (15.84%) Architect
3 640 (14.95%) AWS Engineer
4 593 (13.85%) DevOps Engineer
5 559 (13.06%) Java Developer
6 408 (9.53%) AWS Developer
7 262 (6.12%) AWS DevOps
8 233 (5.44%) Software Engineer
9 219 (5.12%) Cloud Engineer
10 208 (4.86%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 203 (4.74%) Data Engineer
11 203 (4.74%) Senior Developer
12 198 (4.63%) AWS Architect
13 186 (4.34%) Cloud Architect
14 184 (4.30%) Solutions Architect
15 180 (4.20%) Python Developer
16 168 (3.92%) Python Engineer
17 147 (3.43%) Java Engineer
18 136 (3.18%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 132 (3.08%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 893 (20.86%) Web Services
2 485 (11.33%) React
3 457 (10.68%) Node.js
4 442 (10.32%) AngularJS
5 375 (8.76%) Spring
6 326 (7.62%) .NET
7 294 (6.87%) REST
8 272 (6.35%) Spring Boot
9 223 (5.21%) Vue.js
10 217 (5.07%) RESTful
11 214 (5.00%) Kafka
12 177 (4.13%) HTML
13 170 (3.97%) CSS
14 146 (3.41%) .NET Core
15 143 (3.34%) J2EE
16 121 (2.83%) JSON
17 116 (2.71%) SOAP
18 110 (2.57%) ASP.NET
19 98 (2.29%) ActiveMQ
20 90 (2.10%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 329 (7.69%) Fixed Income
2 298 (6.96%) Hedge funds
3 278 (6.49%) Public Cloud
4 277 (6.47%) Derivative
5 274 (6.40%) Equities
6 237 (5.54%) Analytical Skills
7 195 (4.56%) Greenfield Project
8 193 (4.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 168 (3.92%) Cloud Native
10 138 (3.22%) Data Centre
11 104 (2.43%) User Experience
12 85 (1.99%) Mobile App
13 84 (1.96%) Management Information System
14 63 (1.47%) Hybrid Cloud
15 58 (1.35%) Data Structures
15 58 (1.35%) Reference Data
16 57 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
17 53 (1.24%) Algorithms
18 51 (1.19%) Linux Command Line
18 51 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 702 (16.40%) Linux
2 299 (6.98%) Windows
3 250 (5.84%) Unix
4 124 (2.90%) Windows Server
5 91 (2.13%) Mac OS X
6 78 (1.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 36 (0.84%) CentOS
8 32 (0.75%) Apple iOS
9 31 (0.72%) Android
10 30 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
11 29 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
11 29 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
12 23 (0.54%) Ubuntu
13 21 (0.49%) Solaris
13 21 (0.49%) Windows 10
14 14 (0.33%) Debian
15 13 (0.30%) AIX
15 13 (0.30%) CoreOS
15 13 (0.30%) Oracle Linux
16 12 (0.28%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,922 (44.90%) Agile Software Development
2 1,639 (38.29%) DevOps
3 967 (22.59%) Microservices
4 699 (16.33%) Software Engineering
5 518 (12.10%) TDD
6 494 (11.54%) Scrum
7 468 (10.93%) Continuous Integration
8 452 (10.56%) Test Automation
9 439 (10.25%) Asset Management
10 438 (10.23%) Migration
11 372 (8.69%) Infrastructure as Code
12 360 (8.41%) BDD
13 326 (7.62%) Open Source
14 295 (6.89%) Analytics
15 250 (5.84%) Problem-Solving
16 246 (5.75%) Continuous Delivery
17 245 (5.72%) Configuration Management
18 237 (5.54%) Investment Management
19 235 (5.49%) Pair Programming
20 229 (5.35%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 1,488 (34.76%) Java
2 1,398 (32.66%) Python
3 744 (17.38%) JavaScript
4 690 (16.12%) SQL
5 330 (7.71%) C#
6 294 (6.87%) Java 8
7 233 (5.44%) Bash Shell
8 171 (3.99%) Ruby
9 165 (3.85%) R
10 150 (3.50%) PowerShell
11 147 (3.43%) TypeScript
12 137 (3.20%) Go
13 134 (3.13%) Scala
14 79 (1.85%) PHP
15 73 (1.71%) C++
16 72 (1.68%) Groovy
16 72 (1.68%) Perl
16 72 (1.68%) Shell Script
17 71 (1.66%) Kotlin
18 61 (1.42%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 703 (16.42%) Security Cleared
2 567 (13.24%) SC Cleared
3 165 (3.85%) Degree
4 133 (3.11%) AWS Certification
5 96 (2.24%) DV Cleared
6 74 (1.73%) BPSS Clearance
7 68 (1.59%) CISSP
8 64 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
9 57 (1.33%) Cisco Certification
10 27 (0.63%) CISM
11 25 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
12 24 (0.56%) CCA
12 24 (0.56%) TOGAF Certification
13 23 (0.54%) CCNP
13 23 (0.54%) CESG Certified Professional
13 23 (0.54%) DBS Check
14 22 (0.51%) CCNA
15 20 (0.47%) Sun Certification
16 17 (0.40%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 17 (0.40%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 136 (3.18%) QA
2 51 (1.19%) GDPR
3 40 (0.93%) Data Quality
4 33 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 26 (0.61%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 14 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 13 (0.30%) PMO
8 13 (0.30%) SLA
9 12 (0.28%) GxP
10 9 (0.21%) HIPAA
11 8 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 8 (0.19%) NCSC
11 8 (0.19%) NIST
12 5 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
13 4 (0.093%) ISO 20022
14 3 (0.070%) COBIT
14 3 (0.070%) Cyber Essentials
14 3 (0.070%) Government Security Classifications
14 3 (0.070%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,146 (26.77%) Docker
2 160 (3.74%) Active Directory
3 110 (2.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 42 (0.98%) vSphere
5 41 (0.96%) Hyper-V
6 24 (0.56%) VMware NSX
7 21 (0.49%) XenApp
8 20 (0.47%) HDFS
8 20 (0.47%) VMware ESXi
9 14 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
10 11 (0.26%) NDS
10 11 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
11 9 (0.21%) NetIQ eDirectory
12 8 (0.19%) Apache Flume
12 8 (0.19%) Citrix Presentation Server
12 8 (0.19%) OpenAM
12 8 (0.19%) OpenDJ
12 8 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
13 7 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
14 6 (0.14%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 1,107 (25.86%) Kubernetes
2 935 (21.84%) Terraform
3 543 (12.68%) Ansible
4 306 (7.15%) Puppet
5 238 (5.56%) Opscode Chef
6 89 (2.08%) Prometheus
7 59 (1.38%) Kibana
8 56 (1.31%) Packer
9 52 (1.21%) Grafana
10 48 (1.12%) Salt
11 40 (0.93%) Rancher
12 39 (0.91%) Single Sign-On
13 38 (0.89%) SCCM
14 36 (0.84%) logstash
15 23 (0.54%) vRealize
16 22 (0.51%) FortiGate
16 22 (0.51%) Zipkin
17 21 (0.49%) Data Guard
17 21 (0.49%) Docker Swarm
17 21 (0.49%) Nagios
Vendors
1 468 (10.93%) Google
2 320 (7.47%) Oracle
3 309 (7.22%) Microsoft
4 177 (4.13%) VMware
5 118 (2.76%) Cloudera
6 101 (2.36%) Splunk
7 100 (2.34%) SAP
8 84 (1.96%) Cisco
9 83 (1.94%) Red Hat
10 71 (1.66%) IBM
11 65 (1.52%) Hortonworks
12 60 (1.40%) Salesforce.com
13 59 (1.38%) Tableau
14 53 (1.24%) MuleSoft
15 51 (1.19%) AppDynamics
16 48 (1.12%) Informatica
17 46 (1.07%) Sybase
18 45 (1.05%) Citrix
18 45 (1.05%) Talend
19 43 (1.00%) F5