Period
to 28 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 28 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK > England
6 months to
28 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 11 13
Rank change year-on-year +3 +2 +2
Contract jobs citing AWS 6,981 3,847 8,805
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 12.25% 11.69% 10.54%
As % of the Cloud Services category 34.85% 37.45% 36.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,138 2,980 6,320
10th Percentile £413 £405 £400
25th Percentile £473 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £550 £550
75th Percentile £638 £638 £625
90th Percentile £708 £738 £688
UK median daily rate £545 £550 £550
% change year-on-year -0.91% - +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 7 15
10th Percentile £20.00 £37.00 £11.25
25th Percentile £47.50 £48.75 £14.75
Median hourly rate £63.00 £57.50 £50.50
Median % change year-on-year +9.57% +13.86% +18.82%
75th Percentile £68.75 £61.25 £70.00
90th Percentile £73.45 £65.25 "
UK median hourly rate £60.00 £55.00 £50.50
% change year-on-year +9.09% +8.91% +18.82%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 20,030 10,271 24,385
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.13% 31.20% 29.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,378 7,385 17,050
10th Percentile £325 £313 £313
25th Percentile £419 £413 £409
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £608 £600 £588
90th Percentile £694 £688 £663
UK median daily rate £515 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +3.05% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 339 141 296
10th Percentile £11.65 £13.60 £12.74
25th Percentile £14.00 £16.50 £15.19
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year - -4.76% +10.53%
75th Percentile £39.55 £39.31 £40.00
90th Percentile £65.05 £55.00 £60.63
UK median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £20.50
% change year-on-year +5.25% -2.44% +17.14%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Daily rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 28 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 28 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the England region over the 6 months to 28 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 4,307 £575 - 1,580
North of England -3 694 £500 -4.76% 630
South East -3 513 £513 +2.50% 341
North West 0 379 £500 -3.57% 372
Midlands +9 357 £500 +11.11% 316
South West +1 350 £500 -3.38% 191
West Midlands +19 278 £500 +14.94% 218
Yorkshire -6 239 £513 -2.24% 195
East of England -6 181 £533 +2.40% 191
North East -1 77 £575 +1.95% 63
East Midlands -12 68 £485 +7.78% 96
South Coast - 1 £600 -
AWS
UK

For the 6 months to 28 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for AWS.

1 3,038 (43.52%) Azure
2 2,628 (37.65%) Agile Software Development
3 2,274 (32.57%) DevOps
4 1,968 (28.19%) Python
5 1,753 (25.11%) Java
6 1,675 (23.99%) Docker
7 1,637 (23.45%) Kubernetes
8 1,621 (23.22%) Terraform
9 1,391 (19.93%) GCP
10 1,375 (19.70%) Serverless
11 1,359 (19.47%) Finance
12 1,287 (18.44%) JavaScript
13 1,260 (18.05%) Microservices
14 1,198 (17.16%) Social Skills
15 1,173 (16.80%) SQL
16 1,171 (16.77%) Software Engineering
17 1,096 (15.70%) AWS Lambda
18 1,014 (14.53%) Linux
19 991 (14.20%) Jenkins
20 959 (13.74%) React
21 930 (13.32%) Node.js
22 917 (13.14%) Security Cleared
23 893 (12.79%) Web Services
24 846 (12.12%) Git (software)
25 808 (11.57%) Ansible
26 792 (11.35%) Full Stack Development
27 755 (10.82%) SC Cleared
28 699 (10.01%) Amazon S3
29 682 (9.77%) TDD
30 678 (9.71%) Scrum

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 312 (4.47%) Confluence
2 249 (3.57%) Apache Spark
3 173 (2.48%) Elasticsearch
4 142 (2.03%) Apache
5 102 (1.46%) SharePoint
6 100 (1.43%) Apache Airflow
7 89 (1.27%) Tomcat
8 76 (1.09%) nginx
9 68 (0.97%) SAS
10 61 (0.87%) Cloud Foundry
11 50 (0.72%) OpenStack
12 43 (0.62%) CMS
13 42 (0.60%) WebSphere
14 40 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
15 28 (0.40%) IIS
16 25 (0.36%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 22 (0.32%) WebLogic
18 21 (0.30%) Luigi
19 19 (0.27%) Mule
19 19 (0.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 72 (1.03%) Microsoft Office
2 50 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 30 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 20 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 14 (0.20%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.057%) SPSS
9 2 (0.029%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.014%) Figma
10 1 (0.014%) SPSS Modeler
10 1 (0.014%) Stata
Business Applications
1 29 (0.42%) Magento
2 17 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
3 13 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
4 12 (0.17%) assyst
5 11 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
6 10 (0.14%) Sentinel
7 9 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
8 8 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 7 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
9 7 (0.10%) Cloudability
9 7 (0.10%) SAP ERP
9 7 (0.10%) Shopify
10 6 (0.086%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 4 (0.057%) Oracle EBS
11 4 (0.057%) Towers Watson Igloo
12 3 (0.043%) Dynamics AX
12 3 (0.043%) Maximo
12 3 (0.043%) Oracle BPM
12 3 (0.043%) Oracle Payables
12 3 (0.043%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 3,038 (43.52%) Azure
2 1,391 (19.93%) GCP
3 1,375 (19.70%) Serverless
4 1,096 (15.70%) AWS Lambda
5 699 (10.01%) Amazon S3
6 487 (6.98%) AWS CloudFormation
7 437 (6.26%) PaaS
8 412 (5.90%) Amazon EC2
9 382 (5.47%) IaaS
10 377 (5.40%) Amazon SQS
11 363 (5.20%) GitHub
12 341 (4.88%) SaaS
13 260 (3.72%) Amazon EKS
14 235 (3.37%) AWS Step Functions
15 230 (3.29%) Amazon ECS
16 203 (2.91%) Cloud Computing
17 199 (2.85%) Microsoft 365
18 194 (2.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 173 (2.48%) OpenShift
20 143 (2.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 198 (2.84%) Firewall
2 166 (2.38%) DNS
3 137 (1.96%) HTTP
4 96 (1.38%) TCP/IP
5 88 (1.26%) SSL
6 87 (1.25%) Internet
7 75 (1.07%) Network Security
8 73 (1.05%) VPN
9 71 (1.02%) LAN
10 65 (0.93%) WAN
11 60 (0.86%) DHCP
12 58 (0.83%) SAN
13 39 (0.56%) BGP
14 35 (0.50%) OSPF
15 32 (0.46%) IPsec
16 31 (0.44%) Kerberos
17 30 (0.43%) FTP
17 30 (0.43%) Wireless
18 28 (0.40%) MPLS
19 27 (0.39%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 543 (7.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 484 (6.93%) PostgreSQL
3 443 (6.35%) Big Data
4 419 (6.00%) Amazon RDS
5 399 (5.72%) NoSQL
6 333 (4.77%) SQL Server
7 321 (4.60%) MySQL
8 311 (4.45%) Hadoop
9 294 (4.21%) MongoDB
10 276 (3.95%) Data Warehouse
11 245 (3.51%) Relational Database
12 184 (2.64%) Amazon Redshift
13 166 (2.38%) Data Lake
14 138 (1.98%) Apache Hive
15 123 (1.76%) Power BI
16 111 (1.59%) Redis
17 109 (1.56%) Tableau
18 105 (1.50%) Oracle Database
19 93 (1.33%) Amazon Athena
20 91 (1.30%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 991 (14.20%) Jenkins
2 846 (12.12%) Git (software)
3 561 (8.04%) JIRA
4 298 (4.27%) GitLab
5 230 (3.29%) Maven
6 166 (2.38%) Bitbucket
7 158 (2.26%) Cucumber
8 152 (2.18%) JUnit
9 109 (1.56%) Selenium
10 89 (1.27%) Sonatype Nexus
11 87 (1.25%) SonarQube
12 82 (1.17%) webpack
13 79 (1.13%) Gradle
14 78 (1.12%) CircleCI
15 76 (1.09%) Postman
16 75 (1.07%) Artifactory
17 68 (0.97%) Visual Studio
18 67 (0.96%) JMeter
19 64 (0.92%) Mockito
19 64 (0.92%) TeamCity
General
1 1,359 (19.47%) Finance
2 1,198 (17.16%) Social Skills
3 536 (7.68%) Public Sector
4 435 (6.23%) Banking
5 381 (5.46%) Front Office
6 348 (4.98%) Analytical Skills
7 170 (2.44%) Retail
8 160 (2.29%) Telecoms
9 139 (1.99%) Marketing
10 118 (1.69%) Presentation Skills
11 96 (1.38%) Influencing Skills
12 93 (1.33%) Investment Banking
13 85 (1.22%) Manufacturing
14 74 (1.06%) Legal
15 73 (1.05%) Electronics
16 61 (0.87%) Financial Institution
17 60 (0.86%) Law
18 54 (0.77%) Documentation Skills
19 35 (0.50%) Billing
20 34 (0.49%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,039 (29.21%) Developer
2 1,236 (17.71%) Architect
3 844 (12.09%) DevOps Engineer
4 736 (10.54%) AWS Engineer
5 471 (6.75%) Java Developer
6 399 (5.72%) Cloud Architect
7 395 (5.66%) Software Engineer
8 390 (5.59%) AWS Developer
9 384 (5.50%) React Developer
10 372 (5.33%) Data Engineer
11 369 (5.29%) Solutions Architect
12 368 (5.27%) AWS Architect
13 345 (4.94%) AWS DevOps
14 303 (4.34%) Cloud Engineer
14 303 (4.34%) Full Stack Developer
15 284 (4.07%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 270 (3.87%) Senior Developer
17 245 (3.51%) Consultant
17 245 (3.51%) Python Developer
18 240 (3.44%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 959 (13.74%) React
2 930 (13.32%) Node.js
3 893 (12.79%) Web Services
4 512 (7.33%) .NET
5 489 (7.00%) REST
6 480 (6.88%) Spring
7 412 (5.90%) AngularJS
8 410 (5.87%) Kafka
9 346 (4.96%) Spring Boot
10 326 (4.67%) HTML
11 321 (4.60%) CSS
12 302 (4.33%) RESTful
13 242 (3.47%) GraphQL
14 232 (3.32%) Material-UI
15 217 (3.11%) JSON
16 167 (2.39%) .NET Core
17 134 (1.92%) SOAP
18 131 (1.88%) XML
19 128 (1.83%) OAuth
20 120 (1.72%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 369 (5.29%) Public Cloud
2 364 (5.21%) Cloud Native
3 236 (3.38%) Data Centre
4 175 (2.51%) User Experience
5 164 (2.35%) Data Structures
6 150 (2.15%) Algorithms
7 146 (2.09%) Derivative
8 138 (1.98%) Fixed Income
9 133 (1.91%) Greenfield Project
10 122 (1.75%) Equities
10 122 (1.75%) Hedge funds
11 120 (1.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 116 (1.66%) Data Protection Act
13 114 (1.63%) Hybrid Cloud
14 104 (1.49%) Legacy Systems
15 96 (1.38%) Management Information System
16 95 (1.36%) Enterprise Software
17 87 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
18 73 (1.05%) NHS
19 64 (0.92%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,014 (14.53%) Linux
2 534 (7.65%) Windows
3 274 (3.92%) Unix
4 150 (2.15%) Windows Server
5 111 (1.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 58 (0.83%) CentOS
7 43 (0.62%) Ubuntu
8 41 (0.59%) Windows 10
9 35 (0.50%) Windows Server 2016
10 34 (0.49%) Windows Server 2012
11 31 (0.44%) Apple iOS
12 30 (0.43%) Solaris
13 26 (0.37%) Android
14 22 (0.32%) AIX
15 21 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
16 17 (0.24%) Mac OS X
16 17 (0.24%) SUSE
16 17 (0.24%) Windows Server 2019
17 13 (0.19%) Oracle Linux
18 12 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,628 (37.65%) Agile Software Development
2 2,274 (32.57%) DevOps
3 1,260 (18.05%) Microservices
4 1,171 (16.77%) Software Engineering
5 792 (11.35%) Full Stack Development
6 682 (9.77%) TDD
7 678 (9.71%) Scrum
8 661 (9.47%) Infrastructure as Code
9 601 (8.61%) Migration
10 542 (7.76%) Analytics
11 488 (6.99%) Problem-Solving
12 474 (6.79%) Test Automation
13 439 (6.29%) Continuous Integration
14 390 (5.59%) Asset Management
15 352 (5.04%) Open Source
16 328 (4.70%) Business Intelligence
16 328 (4.70%) Configuration Management
17 315 (4.51%) SDLC
18 303 (4.34%) Investment Management
18 303 (4.34%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 1,968 (28.19%) Python
2 1,753 (25.11%) Java
3 1,287 (18.44%) JavaScript
4 1,173 (16.80%) SQL
5 627 (8.98%) TypeScript
6 414 (5.93%) C#
7 328 (4.70%) PowerShell
8 324 (4.64%) Bash Shell
9 289 (4.14%) Go
9 289 (4.14%) Scala
10 261 (3.74%) Java 8
11 203 (2.91%) C++
12 182 (2.61%) Kotlin
13 156 (2.23%) Ruby
14 148 (2.12%) PHP
15 124 (1.78%) PL/SQL
15 124 (1.78%) Shell Script
16 117 (1.68%) R
17 113 (1.62%) Java 11
18 94 (1.35%) Perl
Qualifications
1 917 (13.14%) Security Cleared
2 755 (10.82%) SC Cleared
3 407 (5.83%) Degree
4 218 (3.12%) AWS Certification
5 111 (1.59%) CISSP
6 102 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
7 91 (1.30%) DV Cleared
8 73 (1.05%) Cisco Certification
9 63 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
10 44 (0.63%) ISTQB
11 36 (0.52%) CISM
12 33 (0.47%) CCNP
13 30 (0.43%) TOGAF Certification
14 29 (0.42%) Microsoft Certification
15 28 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
16 27 (0.39%) Master's Degree
17 26 (0.37%) PhD
18 25 (0.36%) CCNA
19 23 (0.33%) CCIE
20 21 (0.30%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 191 (2.74%) QA
2 116 (1.66%) GDPR
3 88 (1.26%) Data Quality
4 85 (1.22%) Accessibility
5 48 (0.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 44 (0.63%) SLA
7 43 (0.62%) NIST
8 37 (0.53%) PCI DSS
9 20 (0.29%) GRC
9 20 (0.29%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 16 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
11 12 (0.17%) IFRS
12 11 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
12 11 (0.16%) NCSC
13 8 (0.11%) HIPAA
14 6 (0.086%) COBIT
14 6 (0.086%) HL7
14 6 (0.086%) PMO
15 5 (0.072%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 5 (0.072%) FedRAMP
System Software
1 1,675 (23.99%) Docker
2 269 (3.85%) Active Directory
3 267 (3.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 75 (1.07%) HDFS
5 70 (1.00%) Hyper-V
6 62 (0.89%) vSphere
7 50 (0.72%) VMware ESXi
8 46 (0.66%) Microsoft App-V
9 42 (0.60%) Virtual Machines
10 32 (0.46%) XenApp
11 27 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 19 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
13 18 (0.26%) Xen
14 16 (0.23%) Varnish
14 16 (0.23%) VMware NSX
15 15 (0.21%) KVM
15 15 (0.21%) NFS
15 15 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
16 12 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
16 12 (0.17%) RACF
Systems Management
1 1,637 (23.45%) Kubernetes
2 1,621 (23.22%) Terraform
3 808 (11.57%) Ansible
4 307 (4.40%) Puppet
5 212 (3.04%) Opscode Chef
6 168 (2.41%) Prometheus
7 160 (2.29%) Grafana
8 86 (1.23%) Packer
9 67 (0.96%) Kibana
10 66 (0.95%) Rancher
11 56 (0.80%) Single Sign-On
12 54 (0.77%) SCCM
13 52 (0.74%) Microsoft Intune
14 45 (0.64%) Istio
15 42 (0.60%) Nagios
16 39 (0.56%) Docker Swarm
17 36 (0.52%) Consul
18 33 (0.47%) logstash
19 27 (0.39%) vRealize
20 22 (0.32%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 605 (8.67%) Microsoft
2 576 (8.25%) Oracle
3 567 (8.12%) Google
4 415 (5.94%) VMware
5 194 (2.78%) SAP
5 194 (2.78%) Splunk
6 141 (2.02%) IBM
7 137 (1.96%) Informatica
8 132 (1.89%) Salesforce.com
9 118 (1.69%) Cisco
10 116 (1.66%) Cloudera
10 116 (1.66%) Red Hat
11 113 (1.62%) MuleSoft
12 97 (1.39%) ServiceNow
13 95 (1.36%) Databricks
14 86 (1.23%) Citrix
15 79 (1.13%) Atlassian
16 68 (0.97%) HP
17 61 (0.87%) New Relic
18 59 (0.85%) Talend