Period
to 19 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 19 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK > England
6 months to
19 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 13 12
Rank change year-on-year +4 -1 +12
Contract jobs citing AWS 4,013 6,356 8,615
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 11.74% 9.74% 9.52%
As % of the Cloud Services category 35.73% 32.19% 37.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,744 4,682 6,488
Median daily rate £525 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +4.76% +2.44%
10th Percentile £369 £388 £393
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £525 £538 £525
% change year-on-year -2.33% +2.38% +4.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 14 8
Median hourly rate £58.00 £35.00 £48.40
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +65.71% -27.69% +8.76%
10th Percentile £30.85 £17.58 £41.16
90th Percentile £66.25 £56.90 £95.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £43.75 £48.40
% change year-on-year -8.57% -9.61% +8.76%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 11,231 19,748 23,285
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.85% 30.26% 25.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,010 13,905 16,527
Median daily rate £488 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £303 £280 £305
90th Percentile £660 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £495 £493 £495
% change year-on-year +0.51% -0.51% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 197 288 280
Median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -2.78%
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.43 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £74.65 £42.50
Median hourly rate £22.50 £19.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +15.38% +11.43% -2.78%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Daily rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 19 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the England region over the 6 months to 19 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +1 2,564 £550 -1.79% 969
North of England +2 492 £475 -5.00% 473
North West +1 276 £468 -6.50% 283
South East +1 242 £475 -5.00% 219
South West +13 216 £500 -4.76% 145
Midlands -10 164 £468 -6.50% 194
Yorkshire +1 159 £475 -4.28% 154
East of England -5 108 £450 -10.00% 145
West Midlands -14 97 £450 -12.20% 131
East Midlands -3 59 £468 -1.58% 62
North East +9 56 £506 +18.42% 37
AWS
UK

For the 6 months to 19 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for AWS.

1 1,704 (42.46%) Azure
2 1,656 (41.27%) Agile Software Development
3 1,477 (36.81%) Python
4 1,359 (33.86%) DevOps
5 1,223 (30.48%) Java
6 1,049 (26.14%) Kubernetes
7 994 (24.77%) Docker
8 959 (23.90%) Terraform
9 912 (22.73%) Finance
10 831 (20.71%) JavaScript
11 807 (20.11%) Microservices
12 801 (19.96%) Software Engineering
13 779 (19.41%) Web Services
14 772 (19.24%) GCP
15 767 (19.11%) Serverless
16 712 (17.74%) Jenkins
17 680 (16.94%) SQL
18 639 (15.92%) React
19 618 (15.40%) Security Cleared
20 615 (15.33%) Node.js
21 610 (15.20%) AWS Lambda
22 586 (14.60%) Linux
23 531 (13.23%) SC Cleared
24 522 (13.01%) Ansible
25 516 (12.86%) Git (software)
26 478 (11.91%) TDD
27 462 (11.51%) Asset Management
28 453 (11.29%) Amazon S3
29 422 (10.52%) Scrum
30 387 (9.64%) AngularJS

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 225 (5.61%) Apache
2 199 (4.96%) Confluence
3 161 (4.01%) Apache Spark
4 119 (2.97%) Elasticsearch
5 89 (2.22%) Cloud Foundry
6 45 (1.12%) Apache Airflow
7 41 (1.02%) SharePoint
7 41 (1.02%) Tomcat
8 40 (1.00%) Mule
9 35 (0.87%) JBoss
10 34 (0.85%) CMS
11 30 (0.75%) BizTalk Server
11 30 (0.75%) nginx
12 28 (0.70%) WebSphere
13 27 (0.67%) SAS
14 26 (0.65%) OpenStack
15 25 (0.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 23 (0.57%) IIS
17 22 (0.55%) Jupyter
18 19 (0.47%) WebLogic
Applications
1 33 (0.82%) Spreadsheet
2 21 (0.52%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
4 8 (0.20%) Chatbot
4 8 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
5 6 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.075%) Adobe Premiere
6 3 (0.075%) InfoPath
6 3 (0.075%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.075%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 13 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
2 9 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.20%) Magento
3 8 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
5 5 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
5 5 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.12%) Sentinel
6 4 (0.100%) assyst
6 4 (0.100%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.075%) Avolution ABACUS
7 3 (0.075%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.075%) SAP APO
7 3 (0.075%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.050%) Fredhopper
8 2 (0.050%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.050%) SAP FI-CA
9 1 (0.025%) FastStats PeopleStage
9 1 (0.025%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.025%) SAP IS-U
Cloud Services
1 1,704 (42.46%) Azure
2 772 (19.24%) GCP
3 767 (19.11%) Serverless
4 610 (15.20%) AWS Lambda
5 453 (11.29%) Amazon S3
6 326 (8.12%) Amazon EC2
7 272 (6.78%) AWS CloudFormation
8 206 (5.13%) GitHub
9 193 (4.81%) PaaS
10 184 (4.59%) Amazon ECS
11 167 (4.16%) SaaS
12 165 (4.11%) Amazon SQS
13 161 (4.01%) IaaS
14 153 (3.81%) Amazon EKS
15 135 (3.36%) Cloud Computing
16 126 (3.14%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 119 (2.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 103 (2.57%) AWS Step Functions
19 87 (2.17%) OpenShift
20 71 (1.77%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 133 (3.31%) Firewall
2 86 (2.14%) DNS
3 66 (1.64%) WAN
4 58 (1.45%) VPN
5 53 (1.32%) HTTP
6 52 (1.30%) Network Security
7 48 (1.20%) TCP/IP
8 45 (1.12%) LAN
9 41 (1.02%) SSL
10 38 (0.95%) DHCP
10 38 (0.95%) Internet
11 36 (0.90%) SAN
12 19 (0.47%) Wireless
13 17 (0.42%) Wi-Fi
14 16 (0.40%) Cisco ASA
14 16 (0.40%) Intrusion Detection
15 15 (0.37%) MPLS
16 14 (0.35%) Skype
16 14 (0.35%) VLAN
16 14 (0.35%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 301 (7.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 297 (7.40%) PostgreSQL
3 282 (7.03%) Amazon RDS
4 262 (6.53%) MySQL
5 235 (5.86%) SQL Server
6 204 (5.08%) NoSQL
7 202 (5.03%) Big Data
8 198 (4.93%) Relational Database
9 169 (4.21%) MongoDB
10 157 (3.91%) Hadoop
11 151 (3.76%) Data Warehouse
12 150 (3.74%) Amazon Redshift
13 88 (2.19%) Data Lake
14 84 (2.09%) Apache Hive
15 64 (1.59%) Pentaho
16 60 (1.50%) Redis
17 59 (1.47%) Apache Ignite
18 57 (1.42%) Amazon Athena
18 57 (1.42%) Tableau
19 55 (1.37%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 712 (17.74%) Jenkins
2 516 (12.86%) Git (software)
3 328 (8.17%) JIRA
4 249 (6.20%) GitLab
5 162 (4.04%) Maven
6 113 (2.82%) JUnit
7 99 (2.47%) Artifactory
8 88 (2.19%) Selenium
9 86 (2.14%) Bitbucket
10 81 (2.02%) SonarQube
11 78 (1.94%) Sonatype Nexus
12 73 (1.82%) Mockito
13 71 (1.77%) Cucumber
14 54 (1.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 49 (1.22%) Gradle
16 44 (1.10%) IntelliJ
17 43 (1.07%) CircleCI
18 40 (1.00%) webpack
19 39 (0.97%) Visual Studio Team System
20 38 (0.95%) JMeter
General
1 912 (22.73%) Finance
2 380 (9.47%) Front Office
3 284 (7.08%) Public Sector
4 274 (6.83%) Banking
5 90 (2.24%) Marketing
6 88 (2.19%) Telecoms
7 76 (1.89%) Retail
8 71 (1.77%) Investment Banking
9 52 (1.30%) Manufacturing
10 45 (1.12%) Electronics
11 31 (0.77%) Law
12 30 (0.75%) Back Office
13 26 (0.65%) Advertising
14 21 (0.52%) Games
15 15 (0.37%) Publishing
16 14 (0.35%) German Language
17 13 (0.32%) Billing
18 11 (0.27%) Retail Banking
19 9 (0.22%) Financial Institution
19 9 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,467 (36.56%) Developer
2 604 (15.05%) Architect
3 496 (12.36%) DevOps Engineer
4 465 (11.59%) AWS Engineer
5 374 (9.32%) Software Engineer
6 321 (8.00%) Java Developer
7 310 (7.72%) AWS Developer
8 280 (6.98%) React Developer
9 273 (6.80%) Python Developer
10 256 (6.38%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 238 (5.93%) AWS DevOps
12 215 (5.36%) Python Engineer
13 199 (4.96%) Full Stack Developer
14 190 (4.73%) JavaScript Developer
15 187 (4.66%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 187 (4.66%) Cloud Engineer
16 181 (4.51%) Cloud Architect
17 175 (4.36%) Data Engineer
18 144 (3.59%) AWS Architect
19 137 (3.41%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 779 (19.41%) Web Services
2 639 (15.92%) React
3 615 (15.33%) Node.js
4 387 (9.64%) AngularJS
5 329 (8.20%) Spring
6 303 (7.55%) REST
7 301 (7.50%) .NET
8 261 (6.50%) Kafka
9 250 (6.23%) Spring Boot
10 207 (5.16%) RESTful
11 201 (5.01%) Vue.js
12 195 (4.86%) HTML
13 170 (4.24%) CSS
14 154 (3.84%) JSON
15 119 (2.97%) Redux
16 102 (2.54%) gRPC
17 96 (2.39%) GraphQL
18 95 (2.37%) HTML5
19 92 (2.29%) SOAP
20 91 (2.27%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 268 (6.68%) Fixed Income
2 260 (6.48%) Derivative
3 242 (6.03%) Equities
4 214 (5.33%) Hedge funds
5 189 (4.71%) Analytical Skills
6 178 (4.44%) Greenfield Project
7 176 (4.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 173 (4.31%) Public Cloud
9 153 (3.81%) Cloud Native
10 148 (3.69%) User Experience
11 125 (3.11%) Mobile App
12 112 (2.79%) Data Centre
13 95 (2.37%) Blog
14 49 (1.22%) Hybrid Cloud
15 48 (1.20%) Enterprise Software
16 47 (1.17%) Private Cloud
17 45 (1.12%) Algorithms
18 43 (1.07%) Management Information System
19 42 (1.05%) Data Structures
20 36 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 586 (14.60%) Linux
2 261 (6.50%) Windows
3 140 (3.49%) Unix
4 87 (2.17%) Android
5 81 (2.02%) Windows Server
6 79 (1.97%) Apple iOS
7 58 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 34 (0.85%) CentOS
9 28 (0.70%) Windows Server 2012
10 27 (0.67%) Ubuntu
11 23 (0.57%) Windows Server 2016
12 22 (0.55%) Mac OS X
13 21 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
14 20 (0.50%) Windows 10
15 17 (0.42%) Windows Server 2019
16 12 (0.30%) Oracle Linux
16 12 (0.30%) SUSE
17 11 (0.27%) Solaris
18 10 (0.25%) Debian
19 8 (0.20%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,656 (41.27%) Agile Software Development
2 1,359 (33.86%) DevOps
3 807 (20.11%) Microservices
4 801 (19.96%) Software Engineering
5 478 (11.91%) TDD
6 462 (11.51%) Asset Management
7 422 (10.52%) Scrum
8 356 (8.87%) Test Automation
9 348 (8.67%) Migration
10 347 (8.65%) Infrastructure as Code
11 317 (7.90%) Open Source
12 316 (7.87%) Investment Management
13 262 (6.53%) Continuous Integration
14 247 (6.15%) Analytics
15 228 (5.68%) Continuous Delivery
15 228 (5.68%) ETL
16 227 (5.66%) BDD
17 211 (5.26%) Problem-Solving
18 199 (4.96%) Configuration Management
18 199 (4.96%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1,477 (36.81%) Python
2 1,223 (30.48%) Java
3 831 (20.71%) JavaScript
4 680 (16.94%) SQL
5 255 (6.35%) TypeScript
6 248 (6.18%) Kotlin
7 246 (6.13%) C#
8 244 (6.08%) Bash Shell
9 206 (5.13%) Java 8
10 189 (4.71%) Go
11 168 (4.19%) Scala
12 151 (3.76%) PowerShell
13 115 (2.87%) Ruby
14 100 (2.49%) R
15 97 (2.42%) Shell Script
16 96 (2.39%) C++
17 95 (2.37%) PHP
18 77 (1.92%) Perl
19 59 (1.47%) C
20 54 (1.35%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 618 (15.40%) Security Cleared
2 531 (13.23%) SC Cleared
3 170 (4.24%) Degree
4 95 (2.37%) AWS Certification
5 66 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
6 59 (1.47%) DV Cleared
7 53 (1.32%) CISSP
8 39 (0.97%) Cisco Certification
9 33 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
10 30 (0.75%) CISM
11 19 (0.47%) CCNP
12 18 (0.45%) TOGAF Certification
13 17 (0.42%) CESG Certified Professional
14 16 (0.40%) Sun Certification
15 15 (0.37%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 14 (0.35%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 14 (0.35%) CRISC
16 14 (0.35%) Master's Degree
17 13 (0.32%) DBS Check
17 13 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 119 (2.97%) QA
2 44 (1.10%) Data Quality
3 43 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 29 (0.72%) NIST
5 28 (0.70%) NCSC
6 22 (0.55%) GDPR
7 19 (0.47%) SLA
8 16 (0.40%) Dublin Core
8 16 (0.40%) PCI DSS
9 12 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
10 9 (0.22%) JSP 440
10 9 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 9 (0.22%) WCAG
11 8 (0.20%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 6 (0.15%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.12%) PMO
14 4 (0.100%) NIST 800
15 3 (0.075%) COBIT
15 3 (0.075%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 3 (0.075%) RMADS
System Software
1 994 (24.77%) Docker
2 148 (3.69%) Active Directory
3 118 (2.94%) VMware Infrastructure
4 55 (1.37%) HDFS
5 40 (1.00%) Hyper-V
6 38 (0.95%) vSphere
7 31 (0.77%) VMware ESXi
8 28 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
9 18 (0.45%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 18 (0.45%) VMware NSX
10 13 (0.32%) GlusterFS
11 9 (0.22%) Xen
12 8 (0.20%) Varnish
13 7 (0.17%) KVM
13 7 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
13 7 (0.17%) NDS
13 7 (0.17%) NetIQ eDirectory
13 7 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
14 5 (0.12%) Postfix
14 5 (0.12%) UAG
Systems Management
1 1,049 (26.14%) Kubernetes
2 959 (23.90%) Terraform
3 522 (13.01%) Ansible
4 227 (5.66%) Puppet
5 173 (4.31%) Opscode Chef
6 130 (3.24%) Prometheus
7 79 (1.97%) Grafana
8 55 (1.37%) Kibana
9 46 (1.15%) Packer
10 43 (1.07%) Consul
10 43 (1.07%) Single Sign-On
11 40 (1.00%) Istio
12 32 (0.80%) Rancher
13 31 (0.77%) logstash
14 20 (0.50%) SCCM
15 19 (0.47%) vRealize
16 18 (0.45%) Fluentd
17 17 (0.42%) Nagios
17 17 (0.42%) Rundeck
18 16 (0.40%) Salt
Vendors
1 331 (8.25%) Microsoft
2 315 (7.85%) Google
3 302 (7.53%) Oracle
4 195 (4.86%) VMware
5 181 (4.51%) Splunk
6 112 (2.79%) AppDynamics
7 105 (2.62%) SAP
8 96 (2.39%) Cloudera
9 94 (2.34%) MuleSoft
10 82 (2.04%) Red Hat
11 78 (1.94%) Cisco
12 53 (1.32%) Atlassian
13 51 (1.27%) Databricks
14 46 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
15 45 (1.12%) F5
15 45 (1.12%) IBM
16 43 (1.07%) Talend
17 41 (1.02%) Informatica
18 36 (0.90%) Bloomberg
19 30 (0.75%) Hortonworks