Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK > England
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 12 12
Rank change year-on-year +4 0 +4
Contract jobs citing AWS 4,978 5,575 9,021
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 11.88% 10.42% 10.22%
As % of the Cloud Services category 34.76% 33.85% 36.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,783 4,136 6,515
10th Percentile £400 £400 £400
25th Percentile £458 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £540
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +1.85% +2.86%
75th Percentile £618 £631 £620
90th Percentile £700 £700 £688
UK median daily rate £525 £542 £538
% change year-on-year -3.05% +0.74% +2.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 11 17
10th Percentile £30.85 £21.25 £19.50
25th Percentile £45.18 £34.50 £41.50
Median hourly rate £58.00 £52.50 £52.00
Median % change year-on-year +10.48% +0.96% +15.56%
75th Percentile £63.13 £59.63 £70.00
90th Percentile £66.25 £67.50 £70.40
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £52.50 £48.40
% change year-on-year -23.81% +8.47% +7.56%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 14,319 16,472 24,688
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.18% 30.80% 27.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,335 11,710 17,436
10th Percentile £313 £288 £313
25th Percentile £406 £400 £410
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £656
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 245 257 244
10th Percentile £11.95 £12.50 £11.08
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.50 £13.25
Median hourly rate £21.05 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.25% +14.29% -5.72%
75th Percentile £38.75 £39.31 £25.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £61.10 £48.40
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -0.17%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Daily rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS in England.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the England region over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 3,164 £550 -2.22% 1,184
North of England -1 517 £500 -3.29% 555
South East +5 354 £515 +3.00% 287
North West +1 299 £488 -6.25% 324
South West -4 236 £500 -4.76% 180
Midlands -4 189 £475 -5.00% 253
Yorkshire 0 173 £500 -3.85% 161
East of England -3 140 £500 - 133
West Midlands -5 126 £500 - 178
East Midlands -6 52 £438 -7.89% 73
North East -1 45 £500 +0.50% 70
AWS
UK

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for AWS.

1 2,164 (43.47%) Azure
2 1,954 (39.25%) Agile Software Development
3 1,542 (30.98%) DevOps
4 1,525 (30.63%) Python
5 1,243 (24.97%) Kubernetes
6 1,230 (24.71%) Terraform
7 1,205 (24.21%) Java
8 1,155 (23.20%) Docker
9 1,041 (20.91%) Finance
10 1,015 (20.39%) JavaScript
11 981 (19.71%) GCP
12 950 (19.08%) Serverless
13 929 (18.66%) Software Engineering
14 895 (17.98%) Microservices
15 796 (15.99%) SQL
16 770 (15.47%) Web Services
17 757 (15.21%) Node.js
18 750 (15.07%) AWS Lambda
19 729 (14.64%) React
20 726 (14.58%) Linux
21 702 (14.10%) Security Cleared
22 667 (13.40%) Jenkins
23 606 (12.17%) SC Cleared
24 581 (11.67%) Ansible
25 549 (11.03%) Git (software)
26 537 (10.79%) Amazon S3
27 486 (9.76%) Migration
28 474 (9.52%) Scrum
28 474 (9.52%) TDD
29 455 (9.14%) Microsoft

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 213 (4.28%) Confluence
2 176 (3.54%) Apache Spark
3 173 (3.48%) Apache
4 110 (2.21%) Elasticsearch
5 65 (1.31%) Cloud Foundry
6 58 (1.17%) Apache Airflow
7 51 (1.02%) SharePoint
8 49 (0.98%) Tomcat
9 46 (0.92%) WebSphere
10 44 (0.88%) SAS
11 41 (0.82%) CMS
11 41 (0.82%) OpenStack
12 40 (0.80%) nginx
13 35 (0.70%) JBoss
14 34 (0.68%) BizTalk Server
15 23 (0.46%) WebSphere Application Server
16 21 (0.42%) IIS
17 20 (0.40%) Jupyter
18 18 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 17 (0.34%) Mule
Applications
1 41 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
2 29 (0.58%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
4 20 (0.40%) MS Visio
5 16 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
6 15 (0.30%) Chatbot
7 8 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.020%) Figma
8 1 (0.020%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 18 (0.36%) Magento
2 14 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
3 9 (0.18%) assyst
4 8 (0.16%) Shopify
5 7 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
5 7 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.12%) Sentinel
7 5 (0.10%) Adobe Campaign
7 5 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.080%) SAP S/4HANA
8 4 (0.080%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 3 (0.060%) Distributed Ledger
9 3 (0.060%) Oracle Applications
9 3 (0.060%) SAP ERP
10 2 (0.040%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.040%) Oracle Payables
11 1 (0.020%) FastStats
11 1 (0.020%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 1 (0.020%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 2,164 (43.47%) Azure
2 981 (19.71%) GCP
3 950 (19.08%) Serverless
4 750 (15.07%) AWS Lambda
5 537 (10.79%) Amazon S3
6 346 (6.95%) AWS CloudFormation
7 280 (5.62%) PaaS
8 275 (5.52%) Amazon EC2
9 268 (5.38%) Amazon SQS
10 247 (4.96%) SaaS
11 229 (4.60%) IaaS
12 193 (3.88%) Amazon EKS
13 187 (3.76%) Cloud Computing
13 187 (3.76%) GitHub
14 185 (3.72%) AWS Step Functions
15 162 (3.25%) Amazon ECS
16 129 (2.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 121 (2.43%) OpenShift
18 119 (2.39%) Microsoft 365
19 104 (2.09%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 117 (2.35%) Firewall
2 103 (2.07%) DNS
3 68 (1.37%) HTTP
4 66 (1.33%) WAN
5 63 (1.27%) VPN
6 61 (1.23%) Network Security
7 54 (1.08%) LAN
7 54 (1.08%) TCP/IP
8 52 (1.04%) Internet
8 52 (1.04%) SSL
9 43 (0.86%) SAN
10 42 (0.84%) DHCP
11 28 (0.56%) OSPF
12 27 (0.54%) Wireless
13 26 (0.52%) BGP
14 24 (0.48%) MPLS
15 23 (0.46%) Unified Communications
16 20 (0.40%) Cisco Nexus
17 19 (0.38%) Intrusion Detection
18 18 (0.36%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 402 (8.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 363 (7.29%) Amazon RDS
3 332 (6.67%) PostgreSQL
4 277 (5.56%) Big Data
5 244 (4.90%) NoSQL
6 225 (4.52%) SQL Server
7 209 (4.20%) Data Warehouse
8 208 (4.18%) MySQL
9 191 (3.84%) MongoDB
10 189 (3.80%) Hadoop
11 176 (3.54%) Relational Database
12 155 (3.11%) Amazon Redshift
13 115 (2.31%) Data Lake
14 102 (2.05%) Tableau
15 82 (1.65%) Power BI
16 79 (1.59%) Amazon Athena
16 79 (1.59%) Apache Hive
17 63 (1.27%) Oracle Database
18 54 (1.08%) Redis
19 53 (1.06%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 667 (13.40%) Jenkins
2 549 (11.03%) Git (software)
3 379 (7.61%) JIRA
4 180 (3.62%) GitLab
5 136 (2.73%) Maven
6 98 (1.97%) JUnit
7 87 (1.75%) Selenium
8 85 (1.71%) SonarQube
9 80 (1.61%) Bitbucket
10 76 (1.53%) Cucumber
11 65 (1.31%) Sonatype Nexus
12 58 (1.17%) webpack
13 57 (1.15%) Gradle
14 54 (1.08%) Artifactory
15 52 (1.04%) Mockito
16 48 (0.96%) CircleCI
17 45 (0.90%) JMeter
18 44 (0.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 43 (0.86%) TeamCity
20 35 (0.70%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,041 (20.91%) Finance
2 388 (7.79%) Public Sector
3 371 (7.45%) Front Office
4 271 (5.44%) Banking
5 138 (2.77%) Telecoms
6 109 (2.19%) Marketing
7 97 (1.95%) Retail
8 68 (1.37%) Manufacturing
9 58 (1.17%) Electronics
10 36 (0.72%) Investment Banking
10 36 (0.72%) Law
10 36 (0.72%) Legal
11 28 (0.56%) Billing
12 23 (0.46%) Back Office
12 23 (0.46%) Games
13 20 (0.40%) Advertising
13 20 (0.40%) Publishing
14 15 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
15 14 (0.28%) German Language
16 13 (0.26%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,661 (33.37%) Developer
2 823 (16.53%) Architect
3 608 (12.21%) DevOps Engineer
4 550 (11.05%) AWS Engineer
5 421 (8.46%) React Developer
6 401 (8.06%) AWS Developer
7 337 (6.77%) Java Developer
8 325 (6.53%) Software Engineer
9 298 (5.99%) AWS DevOps
10 278 (5.58%) Data Engineer
11 245 (4.92%) Full Stack Developer
12 239 (4.80%) Cloud Architect
13 238 (4.78%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 230 (4.62%) Python Developer
15 223 (4.48%) Cloud Engineer
16 220 (4.42%) Solutions Architect
17 214 (4.30%) AWS Architect
18 211 (4.24%) JavaScript Developer
19 192 (3.86%) Python Engineer
20 182 (3.66%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 770 (15.47%) Web Services
2 757 (15.21%) Node.js
3 729 (14.64%) React
4 399 (8.02%) .NET
5 330 (6.63%) REST
6 320 (6.43%) Kafka
7 305 (6.13%) AngularJS
8 298 (5.99%) Spring
9 238 (4.78%) HTML
10 226 (4.54%) RESTful
11 212 (4.26%) Spring Boot
12 211 (4.24%) CSS
13 152 (3.05%) JSON
14 134 (2.69%) Vue.js
15 133 (2.67%) GraphQL
16 123 (2.47%) .NET Core
17 108 (2.17%) Elastic Stack
18 102 (2.05%) React Native
19 98 (1.97%) Redux
19 98 (1.97%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 282 (5.66%) Analytical Skills
2 255 (5.12%) Public Cloud
3 246 (4.94%) Cloud Native
4 199 (4.00%) User Experience
5 157 (3.15%) Greenfield Project
6 155 (3.11%) Data Centre
7 150 (3.01%) Fixed Income
8 137 (2.75%) Derivative
9 130 (2.61%) Equities
10 119 (2.39%) Data Structures
11 103 (2.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 102 (2.05%) Algorithms
13 94 (1.89%) Hedge funds
14 91 (1.83%) Mobile App
15 77 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
16 70 (1.41%) Hybrid Cloud
17 66 (1.33%) Blog
18 64 (1.29%) Management Information System
19 55 (1.10%) Private Cloud
20 51 (1.02%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 726 (14.58%) Linux
2 341 (6.85%) Windows
3 174 (3.50%) Unix
4 112 (2.25%) Windows Server
5 93 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 48 (0.96%) CentOS
7 39 (0.78%) Android
8 37 (0.74%) Apple iOS
9 28 (0.56%) Ubuntu
9 28 (0.56%) Windows Server 2016
10 27 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
11 24 (0.48%) Solaris
12 23 (0.46%) Windows 10
12 23 (0.46%) Windows Server 2008
13 20 (0.40%) Mac OS X
14 15 (0.30%) AIX
14 15 (0.30%) Windows Server 2019
15 11 (0.22%) SUSE
16 9 (0.18%) HPUX
17 8 (0.16%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,954 (39.25%) Agile Software Development
2 1,542 (30.98%) DevOps
3 929 (18.66%) Software Engineering
4 895 (17.98%) Microservices
5 486 (9.76%) Migration
6 474 (9.52%) Scrum
6 474 (9.52%) TDD
7 446 (8.96%) Infrastructure as Code
8 398 (8.00%) Asset Management
9 375 (7.53%) Analytics
10 343 (6.89%) Open Source
11 330 (6.63%) Test Automation
12 307 (6.17%) Investment Management
13 306 (6.15%) Continuous Integration
14 301 (6.05%) Problem-Solving
15 272 (5.46%) Data Modelling
16 268 (5.38%) Business Intelligence
16 268 (5.38%) ETL
17 234 (4.70%) Configuration Management
18 209 (4.20%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,525 (30.63%) Python
2 1,205 (24.21%) Java
3 1,015 (20.39%) JavaScript
4 796 (15.99%) SQL
5 413 (8.30%) TypeScript
6 311 (6.25%) C#
7 231 (4.64%) Go
8 220 (4.42%) Bash Shell
9 216 (4.34%) Scala
10 208 (4.18%) Kotlin
11 207 (4.16%) Java 8
12 197 (3.96%) PowerShell
13 142 (2.85%) C++
14 128 (2.57%) Ruby
15 112 (2.25%) PHP
16 94 (1.89%) R
17 88 (1.77%) Shell Script
18 75 (1.51%) Perl
19 72 (1.45%) PL/SQL
20 69 (1.39%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 702 (14.10%) Security Cleared
2 606 (12.17%) SC Cleared
3 275 (5.52%) Degree
4 124 (2.49%) AWS Certification
5 85 (1.71%) Computer Science Degree
6 65 (1.31%) CISSP
7 62 (1.25%) DV Cleared
8 45 (0.90%) Cisco Certification
9 42 (0.84%) CISM
10 34 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
11 26 (0.52%) CCNP
12 21 (0.42%) CESG Certified Professional
13 19 (0.38%) Master's Degree
14 18 (0.36%) CCNA
14 18 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 17 (0.34%) CRISC
16 16 (0.32%) ISTQB
16 16 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
17 14 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
17 14 (0.28%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 147 (2.95%) QA
2 55 (1.10%) Data Quality
3 44 (0.88%) GDPR
4 36 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 32 (0.64%) SLA
6 27 (0.54%) PCI DSS
7 26 (0.52%) NIST
8 22 (0.44%) NCSC
9 16 (0.32%) Dublin Core
10 15 (0.30%) Cyber Essentials
11 14 (0.28%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 9 (0.18%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 9 (0.18%) JSP 440
13 8 (0.16%) WCAG
14 7 (0.14%) HIPAA
15 6 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
16 5 (0.10%) Actionable Recommendations
17 4 (0.080%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
17 4 (0.080%) GRC
17 4 (0.080%) NIST 800
System Software
1 1,155 (23.20%) Docker
2 202 (4.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 158 (3.17%) Active Directory
4 66 (1.33%) Hyper-V
5 47 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
6 42 (0.84%) VMware ESXi
7 41 (0.82%) HDFS
8 37 (0.74%) vSphere
9 31 (0.62%) Microsoft App-V
10 20 (0.40%) XenApp
11 17 (0.34%) VMware NSX
12 13 (0.26%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 13 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
12 13 (0.26%) Xen
13 9 (0.18%) GlusterFS
13 9 (0.18%) KVM
13 9 (0.18%) Postfix
14 8 (0.16%) NFS
15 7 (0.14%) qmail
15 7 (0.14%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,243 (24.97%) Kubernetes
2 1,230 (24.71%) Terraform
3 581 (11.67%) Ansible
4 224 (4.50%) Puppet
5 186 (3.74%) Opscode Chef
6 128 (2.57%) Prometheus
7 104 (2.09%) Grafana
8 60 (1.21%) Kibana
9 56 (1.12%) Istio
10 52 (1.04%) Packer
11 44 (0.88%) Single Sign-On
12 42 (0.84%) logstash
13 41 (0.82%) Consul
13 41 (0.82%) Rancher
14 27 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
15 26 (0.52%) Fluentd
16 24 (0.48%) SCCM
16 24 (0.48%) vRealize
17 23 (0.46%) Salt
18 22 (0.44%) Nagios
Vendors
1 455 (9.14%) Microsoft
2 374 (7.51%) Oracle
3 373 (7.49%) Google
4 298 (5.99%) VMware
5 174 (3.50%) Splunk
6 139 (2.79%) SAP
7 118 (2.37%) IBM
8 106 (2.13%) MuleSoft
9 99 (1.99%) Red Hat
10 92 (1.85%) Cisco
11 83 (1.67%) Cloudera
12 78 (1.57%) AppDynamics
13 63 (1.27%) Informatica
14 60 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
15 54 (1.08%) Databricks
16 52 (1.04%) Citrix
16 52 (1.04%) ServiceNow
17 46 (0.92%) Talend
18 41 (0.82%) F5
19 40 (0.80%) Atlassian