Period
to 21 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 21 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 12 13 35
Rank change year-on-year +1 +22 +18
Contract jobs citing AWS 8,098 8,238 5,127
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 10.06% 8.77% 5.64%
As % of the Cloud Services category 34.36% 38.09% 35.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,643 6,065 3,816
England median daily rate £550 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £400 £381 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £631
UK median daily rate £550 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 13 12
England median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -12.50% +51.66%
10th Percentile £22.75 £22.70 £26.08
90th Percentile £70.00 £76.50 £58.75
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year - -12.50% +6.67%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 23,567 21,627 14,403
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 29.29% 23.04% 15.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,163 15,022 9,958
England median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £300 £306 £275
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £458
% change year-on-year +5.26% +3.83% +1.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 368 322 200
England median hourly rate £22.93 £19.00 £20.96
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.68% -9.33% +10.29%
10th Percentile £13.50 £11.25 £11.00
90th Percentile £82.50 £63.89 £63.75
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £18.13 £20.00
% change year-on-year +21.38% -9.38% +6.54%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing AWS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing AWS in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for AWS in England

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing AWS in England over the 6 months to 21 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for AWS in England

AWS
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the England region over the 6 months to 21 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 4,761 £563 +2.27% 1,292
North of England +9 1,000 £475 +5.56% 434
South East +3 926 £500 -4.76% 333
North West +19 583 £493 +3.68% 278
Midlands +13 546 £490 +3.16% 210
South West +11 496 £531 +15.80% 185
West Midlands +9 367 £488 -5.57% 131
East of England +2 349 £500 -2.91% 193
Yorkshire +5 338 £475 +6.74% 125
East Midlands +13 169 £500 +17.65% 77
North East +6 76 £450 +7.14% 31
AWS
UK

For the 6 months to 21 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for AWS.

1 3,373 (41.65%) Agile Software Development
2 3,302 (40.78%) DevOps
3 3,158 (39.00%) Azure
4 2,509 (30.98%) Python
5 2,339 (28.88%) Java
6 2,258 (27.88%) Docker
7 1,904 (23.51%) Linux
8 1,878 (23.19%) Kubernetes
9 1,743 (21.52%) Terraform
10 1,655 (20.44%) Jenkins
11 1,589 (19.62%) Finance
12 1,512 (18.67%) Microservices
13 1,417 (17.50%) Ansible
14 1,298 (16.03%) Web Services
15 1,267 (15.65%) GCP
16 1,253 (15.47%) Git (software)
17 1,204 (14.87%) SQL
18 1,159 (14.31%) JavaScript
19 1,114 (13.76%) Serverless
20 1,025 (12.66%) TDD
21 1,009 (12.46%) Scrum
22 950 (11.73%) Continuous Integration
23 930 (11.48%) AWS Lambda
24 917 (11.32%) Migration
25 903 (11.15%) Amazon S3
26 870 (10.74%) Google
27 854 (10.55%) Security Cleared
28 846 (10.45%) Node.js
29 834 (10.30%) Puppet
30 828 (10.22%) Windows

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 510 (6.30%) Apache Spark
2 410 (5.06%) Confluence
3 277 (3.42%) Elasticsearch
4 276 (3.41%) Apache
5 131 (1.62%) nginx
6 125 (1.54%) OpenStack
7 96 (1.19%) Apache Airflow
8 94 (1.16%) Tomcat
9 88 (1.09%) SharePoint
10 81 (1.00%) JBoss
11 79 (0.98%) IIS
12 78 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
13 59 (0.73%) WebSphere
14 48 (0.59%) Apache Solr
15 47 (0.58%) MS Exchange
16 43 (0.53%) SAS
17 42 (0.52%) WebLogic
18 41 (0.51%) Jupyter
18 41 (0.51%) Skype for Business
19 35 (0.43%) Drupal
Applications
1 73 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
1 73 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
2 29 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
3 22 (0.27%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
5 4 (0.049%) Chatbot
6 2 (0.025%) GNU Octave
6 2 (0.025%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.025%) SPSS
7 1 (0.012%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 19 (0.23%) assyst
1 19 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
1 19 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 18 (0.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
3 17 (0.21%) Magento
4 12 (0.15%) PolarLake
5 10 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 10 (0.12%) Markit EDM
6 9 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
7 7 (0.086%) Fredhopper
7 7 (0.086%) Oracle Applications
7 7 (0.086%) SAP Hybris
8 6 (0.074%) Payment Gateway
8 6 (0.074%) R3 Corda
8 6 (0.074%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.074%) SAP S/4HANA
9 4 (0.049%) Adobe Campaign
9 4 (0.049%) Eikon
9 4 (0.049%) Oracle BPM
9 4 (0.049%) SAP Business ByDesign
Cloud Services
1 3,158 (39.00%) Azure
2 1,267 (15.65%) GCP
3 1,114 (13.76%) Serverless
4 930 (11.48%) AWS Lambda
5 903 (11.15%) Amazon S3
6 761 (9.40%) Amazon EC2
7 700 (8.64%) AWS CloudFormation
8 398 (4.91%) GitHub
9 368 (4.54%) Amazon SQS
10 364 (4.49%) PaaS
11 358 (4.42%) OpenShift
12 329 (4.06%) IaaS
13 326 (4.03%) SaaS
14 317 (3.91%) Amazon ECS
15 300 (3.70%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 276 (3.41%) Office 365
17 263 (3.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 225 (2.78%) Cloud Computing
19 220 (2.72%) Amazon Kinesis
20 185 (2.28%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 377 (4.66%) Firewall
2 228 (2.82%) DNS
3 189 (2.33%) VPN
4 187 (2.31%) WAN
5 166 (2.05%) HTTP
6 132 (1.63%) TCP/IP
7 122 (1.51%) Internet
8 121 (1.49%) LAN
9 103 (1.27%) Network Security
10 102 (1.26%) SSL
11 91 (1.12%) SAN
12 90 (1.11%) DHCP
13 50 (0.62%) BGP
14 49 (0.61%) Skype
15 48 (0.59%) Wireless
16 44 (0.54%) Intrusion Detection
17 37 (0.46%) FTP
18 36 (0.44%) VLAN
19 34 (0.42%) Cisco ASA
19 34 (0.42%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 785 (9.69%) Big Data
2 602 (7.43%) Amazon RDS
3 543 (6.71%) MySQL
4 535 (6.61%) NoSQL
5 503 (6.21%) SQL Server
6 497 (6.14%) PostgreSQL
7 472 (5.83%) Amazon Redshift
8 461 (5.69%) Hadoop
9 417 (5.15%) MongoDB
10 372 (4.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 324 (4.00%) Data Warehouse
12 313 (3.87%) Relational Database
13 172 (2.12%) Apache Cassandra
14 166 (2.05%) Apache Hive
15 162 (2.00%) Data Lake
16 155 (1.91%) Amazon Athena
16 155 (1.91%) RDBMS
17 133 (1.64%) Redis
18 123 (1.52%) Power BI
19 112 (1.38%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,655 (20.44%) Jenkins
2 1,253 (15.47%) Git (software)
3 773 (9.55%) JIRA
4 303 (3.74%) GitLab
5 277 (3.42%) Maven
6 265 (3.27%) Artifactory
7 229 (2.83%) Sonatype Nexus
8 226 (2.79%) Bitbucket
9 212 (2.62%) JUnit
9 212 (2.62%) Selenium
10 200 (2.47%) TeamCity
11 192 (2.37%) Mockito
12 181 (2.24%) SonarQube
13 147 (1.82%) Cucumber
14 133 (1.64%) Visual Studio Team System
15 125 (1.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 111 (1.37%) Subversion
17 103 (1.27%) CircleCI
17 103 (1.27%) RStudio
18 91 (1.12%) Travis CI
General
1 1,589 (19.62%) Finance
2 422 (5.21%) Banking
3 373 (4.61%) Public Sector
4 295 (3.64%) Retail
5 246 (3.04%) Front Office
6 105 (1.30%) Telecoms
7 101 (1.25%) Marketing
8 99 (1.22%) Financial Institution
9 98 (1.21%) Law
10 81 (1.00%) Legal
11 66 (0.82%) Investment Banking
12 58 (0.72%) Games
13 50 (0.62%) Manufacturing
14 46 (0.57%) Publishing
15 31 (0.38%) Electronics
16 30 (0.37%) Billing
17 27 (0.33%) Advertising
18 22 (0.27%) Retail Banking
19 21 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
20 18 (0.22%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2,387 (29.48%) Developer
2 1,481 (18.29%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,196 (14.77%) Architect
4 966 (11.93%) AWS Engineer
5 802 (9.90%) Java Developer
6 560 (6.92%) AWS DevOps
7 528 (6.52%) Cloud Engineer
8 496 (6.12%) AWS Developer
9 471 (5.82%) Data Engineer
10 445 (5.50%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 409 (5.05%) Senior Developer
12 404 (4.99%) AWS Architect
13 351 (4.33%) Cloud Architect
14 292 (3.61%) Python Engineer
15 285 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
16 262 (3.24%) Python Developer
17 254 (3.14%) Solutions Architect
18 241 (2.98%) Analyst
19 238 (2.94%) React Developer
20 231 (2.85%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,298 (16.03%) Web Services
2 846 (10.45%) Node.js
3 643 (7.94%) .NET
4 628 (7.76%) React
5 584 (7.21%) AngularJS
6 575 (7.10%) Spring
7 574 (7.09%) Kafka
8 480 (5.93%) RESTful
9 429 (5.30%) REST
10 388 (4.79%) Spring Boot
11 387 (4.78%) HTML
12 383 (4.73%) CSS
13 305 (3.77%) J2EE
14 301 (3.72%) JSON
15 212 (2.62%) SOAP
16 209 (2.58%) .NET Core
17 182 (2.25%) Redux
18 179 (2.21%) Elastic Stack
19 163 (2.01%) RabbitMQ
20 159 (1.96%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 561 (6.93%) Public Cloud
2 405 (5.00%) Greenfield Project
3 335 (4.14%) Data Centre
4 300 (3.70%) Analytical Skills
5 220 (2.72%) Cloud Native
6 194 (2.40%) Fixed Income
7 151 (1.86%) Hybrid Cloud
8 139 (1.72%) User Experience
9 131 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
10 129 (1.59%) Algorithms
11 124 (1.53%) Derivative
12 117 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
12 117 (1.44%) Mobile App
13 105 (1.30%) Management Information System
14 103 (1.27%) Data Structures
15 78 (0.96%) Virtual Team
16 76 (0.94%) Private Cloud
17 73 (0.90%) PKI
18 70 (0.86%) Hedge funds
19 65 (0.80%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 1,904 (23.51%) Linux
2 828 (10.22%) Windows
3 490 (6.05%) Unix
4 353 (4.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 320 (3.95%) Windows Server
6 203 (2.51%) CentOS
7 102 (1.26%) Windows Server 2012
8 91 (1.12%) Mac OS X
9 90 (1.11%) Android
9 90 (1.11%) Ubuntu
10 88 (1.09%) Apple iOS
11 84 (1.04%) Windows Server 2008
12 69 (0.85%) Windows 10
13 32 (0.40%) Solaris
14 31 (0.38%) Windows 7
15 26 (0.32%) CoreOS
15 26 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
16 24 (0.30%) Debian
17 23 (0.28%) VMS
18 20 (0.25%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,373 (41.65%) Agile Software Development
2 3,302 (40.78%) DevOps
3 1,512 (18.67%) Microservices
4 1,025 (12.66%) TDD
5 1,009 (12.46%) Scrum
6 950 (11.73%) Continuous Integration
7 917 (11.32%) Migration
8 769 (9.50%) Software Engineering
9 680 (8.40%) Configuration Management
10 659 (8.14%) Test Automation
11 634 (7.83%) Analytics
12 609 (7.52%) Infrastructure as Code
13 597 (7.37%) BDD
14 593 (7.32%) Open Source
15 426 (5.26%) Problem-Solving
16 402 (4.96%) Kanban
17 393 (4.85%) Data Science
18 385 (4.75%) Continuous Delivery
19 377 (4.66%) ETL
20 357 (4.41%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 2,509 (30.98%) Python
2 2,339 (28.88%) Java
3 1,204 (14.87%) SQL
4 1,159 (14.31%) JavaScript
5 569 (7.03%) Bash Shell
6 560 (6.92%) C#
7 474 (5.85%) Ruby
8 424 (5.24%) Java 8
8 424 (5.24%) PowerShell
9 370 (4.57%) Scala
10 291 (3.59%) Go
11 203 (2.51%) Perl
12 202 (2.49%) TypeScript
13 200 (2.47%) PHP
14 181 (2.24%) R
15 163 (2.01%) C++
16 162 (2.00%) Shell Script
17 135 (1.67%) ES6
18 88 (1.09%) Groovy
19 86 (1.06%) C
Qualifications
1 854 (10.55%) Security Cleared
2 669 (8.26%) SC Cleared
3 300 (3.70%) AWS Certification
4 291 (3.59%) Degree
5 127 (1.57%) Cisco Certification
6 125 (1.54%) CISSP
7 97 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
8 79 (0.98%) BPSS Clearance
9 68 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
10 62 (0.77%) CISM
11 57 (0.70%) CCNP
11 57 (0.70%) TOGAF Certification
12 55 (0.68%) DV Cleared
13 52 (0.64%) RHCE
14 42 (0.52%) CCNA
15 40 (0.49%) MCSE
16 33 (0.41%) CISA
17 31 (0.38%) CCIE
17 31 (0.38%) Master's Degree
17 31 (0.38%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 210 (2.59%) QA
2 111 (1.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 92 (1.14%) GDPR
4 81 (1.00%) PCI DSS
5 60 (0.74%) NIST
6 51 (0.63%) Data Quality
7 40 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 33 (0.41%) SLA
9 27 (0.33%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 26 (0.32%) COBIT
11 24 (0.30%) NCSC
12 14 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
12 14 (0.17%) PMO
13 10 (0.12%) GxP
13 10 (0.12%) NIST 800
14 7 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 5 (0.062%) ISO 9000
15 5 (0.062%) ISO/IEC 17025
16 3 (0.037%) Cyber Essentials
16 3 (0.037%) HL7
System Software
1 2,258 (27.88%) Docker
2 440 (5.43%) Active Directory
3 284 (3.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 103 (1.27%) Hyper-V
5 91 (1.12%) vSphere
6 68 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
7 51 (0.63%) XenApp
8 50 (0.62%) HDFS
9 41 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
10 34 (0.42%) VMware NSX
11 31 (0.38%) XenDesktop
12 30 (0.37%) Postfix
13 26 (0.32%) vCloud
14 22 (0.27%) Apache Flume
14 22 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
15 19 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
16 18 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
17 17 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 17 (0.21%) LXC
17 17 (0.21%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,878 (23.19%) Kubernetes
2 1,743 (21.52%) Terraform
3 1,417 (17.50%) Ansible
4 834 (10.30%) Puppet
5 695 (8.58%) Opscode Chef
6 189 (2.33%) Packer
7 126 (1.56%) Prometheus
8 117 (1.44%) Grafana
9 112 (1.38%) Consul
10 111 (1.37%) SCCM
11 103 (1.27%) Salt
12 83 (1.02%) Single Sign-On
13 79 (0.98%) Kibana
14 66 (0.82%) Nagios
15 62 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
16 52 (0.64%) SCOM
17 41 (0.51%) logstash
18 40 (0.49%) Mesos
19 34 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
19 34 (0.42%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 870 (10.74%) Google
2 820 (10.13%) Microsoft
3 509 (6.29%) VMware
4 439 (5.42%) Oracle
5 313 (3.87%) Red Hat
6 308 (3.80%) Splunk
7 253 (3.12%) Cisco
8 162 (2.00%) IBM
9 152 (1.88%) SAP
10 139 (1.72%) Cloudera
11 134 (1.65%) Citrix
12 121 (1.49%) Tableau
13 120 (1.48%) Atlassian
13 120 (1.48%) Informatica
14 90 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
15 78 (0.96%) CheckPoint
16 73 (0.90%) Talend
17 71 (0.88%) NetApp
18 69 (0.85%) New Relic
19 67 (0.83%) ServiceNow