Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Web Services skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Web Services over the 6 months to 25 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Web Services
UK > England
6 months to
25 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 144 115 70
Rank change year-on-year -29 -45 -2
Contract jobs citing Web Services 1,311 1,161 1,216
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.85% 2.28% 3.28%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 6.93% 7.46% 10.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 877 776 829
10th Percentile £375 £350 £350
25th Percentile £450 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £584
90th Percentile £725 £688 £651
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 14 9
10th Percentile £48.50 £21.51 £31.12
25th Percentile £61.36 £22.95 £48.00
Median hourly rate £65.00 £47.13 £50.50
Median % change year-on-year +37.93% -6.68% +1.00%
75th Percentile £71.25 £53.50 £54.00
90th Percentile £75.00 £55.00 £65.10
UK median hourly rate £65.00 £40.00 £50.50
% change year-on-year +62.50% -20.79% +1.00%

Web Services is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 18,919 15,563 11,497
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 26.72% 30.59% 31.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,176 11,169 8,257
10th Percentile £400 £353 £338
25th Percentile £465 £419 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £510 £500
Median % change year-on-year +12.75% +2.00% -
75th Percentile £675 £609 £590
90th Percentile £775 £700 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 209 159 98
10th Percentile £20.20 £19.25 £20.50
25th Percentile £35.00 £27.75 £31.25
Median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £46.46
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% -3.14% +3.24%
75th Percentile £67.36 £56.50 £57.88
90th Percentile £76.64 £65.63 £66.83
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £46.00
% change year-on-year +11.11% -2.17% +2.42%

Web Services
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Web Services as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Daily rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Web Services in England.

Hourly rate trend for Web Services in England

Web Services
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Web Services in England over the 6 months to 25 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Web Services in England

Web Services
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Web Services within the England region over the 6 months to 25 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -43 742 £575 +9.52% 160
South East -32 145 £525 +14.91% 61
North of England -36 110 £500 +14.94% 67
Midlands -16 88 £445 +11.25% 47
West Midlands -8 70 £445 +11.25% 29
North West -44 67 £569 +13.75% 33
East of England -17 51 £500 +11.11% 19
South West -36 50 £463 -7.04% 18
Yorkshire -24 31 £475 +18.75% 23
East Midlands -12 18 £429 +14.33% 17
North East -10 13 £400 -30.43% 11
Web Services
UK

For the 6 months to 25 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Web Services also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Web Services.

1 597 (45.54%) Java
2 543 (41.42%) Agile
3 461 (35.16%) REST
4 452 (34.48%) JavaScript
5 388 (29.60%) SQL
6 330 (25.17%) RESTful
7 304 (23.19%) HTML
8 293 (22.35%) SOAP
8 293 (22.35%) Git (software)
9 291 (22.20%) Social Skills
10 290 (22.12%) Microservices
11 289 (22.04%) XML
12 286 (21.82%) JSON
13 273 (20.82%) CSS
14 255 (19.45%) Spring
15 254 (19.37%) Azure
16 251 (19.15%) Jenkins
17 240 (18.31%) DevOps
18 239 (18.23%) Finance
19 238 (18.15%) C#
20 237 (18.08%) .NET
21 231 (17.62%) Scrum
22 225 (17.16%) CI/CD
23 222 (16.93%) Oracle
24 215 (16.40%) SQL Server
25 209 (15.94%) Windows
26 201 (15.33%) AngularJS
27 200 (15.26%) Test Automation
28 196 (14.95%) TDD
29 183 (13.96%) Linux

Web Services
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 65 (4.96%) JBoss
2 48 (3.66%) Confluence
3 42 (3.20%) Tomcat
4 38 (2.90%) Red Hat Fuse
5 36 (2.75%) Apache
6 27 (2.06%) SharePoint
7 25 (1.91%) IIS
8 24 (1.83%) CMS
9 23 (1.75%) WebLogic
10 22 (1.68%) Elasticsearch
11 20 (1.53%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 18 (1.37%) WebSphere
13 17 (1.30%) Mule
14 14 (1.07%) Umbraco
15 11 (0.84%) nginx
16 10 (0.76%) Apache Spark
17 9 (0.69%) Apache Airflow
17 9 (0.69%) Apache Qpid
17 9 (0.69%) SAS
17 9 (0.69%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 16 (1.22%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.07%) MS Visio
3 12 (0.92%) Microsoft Excel
4 9 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.61%) Chatbot
5 8 (0.61%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.23%) Oracle Smart View
6 3 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.076%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 31 (2.36%) Oracle ERP
2 13 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.53%) Oracle EBS
3 7 (0.53%) SAP ERP
4 6 (0.46%) Oracle Payables
4 6 (0.46%) Shopify
5 5 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
5 5 (0.38%) Oracle Receivables
5 5 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.31%) Actimize
6 4 (0.31%) Oracle General Ledger
7 3 (0.23%) Magento
7 3 (0.23%) Oracle Assets
7 3 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
8 2 (0.15%) SAP CRM
8 2 (0.15%) SAP HCM
8 2 (0.15%) SAP MDG
8 2 (0.15%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 254 (19.37%) Azure
2 180 (13.73%) AWS
3 74 (5.64%) GitHub
4 70 (5.34%) SaaS
5 52 (3.97%) PaaS
6 48 (3.66%) Serverless
7 47 (3.59%) GCP
8 40 (3.05%) Power Platform
9 35 (2.67%) Salesforce Service Cloud
10 26 (1.98%) Microsoft 365
11 25 (1.91%) PowerApps
12 23 (1.75%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
13 20 (1.53%) Azure Service Bus
14 18 (1.37%) Amazon EC2
14 18 (1.37%) AWS Lambda
14 18 (1.37%) Power Automate
15 17 (1.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 16 (1.22%) Dynamics 365
17 15 (1.14%) Azure Active Directory
18 14 (1.07%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 71 (5.42%) HTTP
2 41 (3.13%) TCP/IP
3 30 (2.29%) Firewall
4 28 (2.14%) SSL
5 26 (1.98%) HTTPS
6 24 (1.83%) Ethernet
7 20 (1.53%) SMTP
8 18 (1.37%) DNS
9 13 (0.99%) FTP
9 13 (0.99%) POP3
10 9 (0.69%) DMZ
10 9 (0.69%) VPN
11 8 (0.61%) Network Security
12 6 (0.46%) AMQP
12 6 (0.46%) Kerberos
12 6 (0.46%) VLAN
13 5 (0.38%) LAN
13 5 (0.38%) MPLS
13 5 (0.38%) VoIP
13 5 (0.38%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 215 (16.40%) SQL Server
2 113 (8.62%) NoSQL
2 113 (8.62%) Relational Database
3 96 (7.32%) MongoDB
4 73 (5.57%) PostgreSQL
5 70 (5.34%) MySQL
6 36 (2.75%) Oracle Database
7 33 (2.52%) Data Warehouse
7 33 (2.52%) DB2
8 27 (2.06%) Power BI
9 18 (1.37%) RDBMS
10 16 (1.22%) Amazon RDS
10 16 (1.22%) Redis
11 15 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 15 (1.14%) Big Data
11 15 (1.14%) MarkLogic
11 15 (1.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 14 (1.07%) Azure SQL Database
12 14 (1.07%) Oracle Database 12c
13 13 (0.99%) GIS
Development Applications
1 293 (22.35%) Git (software)
2 251 (19.15%) Jenkins
3 142 (10.83%) JIRA
4 109 (8.31%) Maven
5 79 (6.03%) JUnit
6 76 (5.80%) Cucumber
6 76 (5.80%) Selenium
7 69 (5.26%) Eclipse
8 66 (5.03%) Postman
8 66 (5.03%) SoapUI
9 54 (4.12%) Subversion
10 52 (3.97%) Bitbucket
11 48 (3.66%) GitLab
12 46 (3.51%) Gradle
13 43 (3.28%) Visual Studio
14 32 (2.44%) REST Assured
15 29 (2.21%) jMock
16 28 (2.14%) Mockito
17 27 (2.06%) NetBeans
18 26 (1.98%) JMeter
General
1 291 (22.20%) Social Skills
2 239 (18.23%) Finance
3 129 (9.84%) Banking
4 112 (8.54%) Public Sector
5 95 (7.25%) Analytical Skills
6 44 (3.36%) Presentation Skills
7 38 (2.90%) Investment Banking
8 33 (2.52%) Military
9 26 (1.98%) Retail
10 24 (1.83%) Telecoms
11 21 (1.60%) Aerospace
11 21 (1.60%) Influencing Skills
12 19 (1.45%) Front Office
13 17 (1.30%) Marketing
14 16 (1.22%) Manufacturing
15 15 (1.14%) Police
16 14 (1.07%) Law
17 11 (0.84%) Automotive
17 11 (0.84%) Legal
18 9 (0.69%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 695 (53.01%) Developer
2 207 (15.79%) Java Developer
3 126 (9.61%) Architect
4 120 (9.15%) Senior Developer
5 115 (8.77%) .NET Developer
6 71 (5.42%) Full Stack Developer
7 54 (4.12%) Consultant
7 54 (4.12%) Software Engineer
8 49 (3.74%) Analyst
9 42 (3.20%) Senior Java Developer
10 40 (3.05%) Salesforce Developer
11 36 (2.75%) Scala Developer
11 36 (2.75%) Solutions Architect
12 35 (2.67%) Java Engineer
13 34 (2.59%) C# Developer
14 32 (2.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 29 (2.21%) Tester
16 27 (2.06%) C# .NET Developer
17 26 (1.98%) Integration Developer
17 26 (1.98%) ServiceNow Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 461 (35.16%) REST
2 330 (25.17%) RESTful
3 304 (23.19%) HTML
4 293 (22.35%) SOAP
5 289 (22.04%) XML
6 286 (21.82%) JSON
7 273 (20.82%) CSS
8 255 (19.45%) Spring
9 237 (18.08%) .NET
10 201 (15.33%) AngularJS
11 155 (11.82%) React
12 142 (10.83%) Spring Boot
13 116 (8.85%) Node.js
14 114 (8.70%) ASP.NET Web API
15 98 (7.48%) J2EE
16 90 (6.86%) Hibernate
16 90 (6.86%) jQuery
17 88 (6.71%) .NET Core
18 86 (6.56%) Kafka
19 85 (6.48%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 120 (9.15%) User Experience
2 41 (3.13%) Management Information System
3 39 (2.97%) Public Cloud
4 38 (2.90%) Mobile App
5 36 (2.75%) CMDB
6 30 (2.29%) Data Protection Act
6 30 (2.29%) Enterprise Software
6 30 (2.29%) Greenfield Project
7 27 (2.06%) Data Structures
8 22 (1.68%) Cloud Native
9 21 (1.60%) Data Centre
10 19 (1.45%) Algorithms
10 19 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
11 16 (1.22%) Legacy Systems
11 16 (1.22%) NHS
12 15 (1.14%) Virtual Team
13 14 (1.07%) Reference Data
14 13 (0.99%) N-Tier
14 13 (0.99%) Video\Live Streaming
15 12 (0.92%) Media Streaming
Operating Systems
1 209 (15.94%) Windows
2 183 (13.96%) Linux
3 100 (7.63%) Unix
4 31 (2.36%) Android
5 20 (1.53%) Apple iOS
6 18 (1.37%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.84%) AIX
8 9 (0.69%) Mac OS
9 5 (0.38%) CentOS
9 5 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.23%) HPUX
10 3 (0.23%) Mac OS X
10 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
10 3 (0.23%) Windows Server 2019
11 2 (0.15%) Debian
11 2 (0.15%) Solaris
12 1 (0.076%) VMS
12 1 (0.076%) Windows Server 2008
12 1 (0.076%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 543 (41.42%) Agile
2 290 (22.12%) Microservices
3 240 (18.31%) DevOps
4 231 (17.62%) Scrum
5 225 (17.16%) CI/CD
6 200 (15.26%) Test Automation
7 196 (14.95%) TDD
8 161 (12.28%) MVC
9 151 (11.52%) Full Stack Development
9 151 (11.52%) Unit Testing
10 149 (11.37%) Problem-Solving
11 133 (10.14%) Continuous Integration
12 127 (9.69%) OO
12 127 (9.69%) Software Engineering
13 120 (9.15%) SDLC
14 119 (9.08%) BDD
15 100 (7.63%) SOA
16 82 (6.25%) Continuous Improvement
17 77 (5.87%) Workflow
18 70 (5.34%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 597 (45.54%) Java
2 452 (34.48%) JavaScript
3 388 (29.60%) SQL
4 238 (18.15%) C#
5 127 (9.69%) Python
6 91 (6.94%) PL/SQL
7 75 (5.72%) TypeScript
8 58 (4.42%) Scala
9 49 (3.74%) Apex Code
10 36 (2.75%) C++
11 31 (2.36%) PowerShell
12 29 (2.21%) Groovy
13 28 (2.14%) Bash
14 27 (2.06%) ES6
15 25 (1.91%) Shell Script
16 23 (1.75%) T-SQL
17 20 (1.53%) C
17 20 (1.53%) Kotlin
18 19 (1.45%) GLSL
18 19 (1.45%) HLSL
Qualifications
1 156 (11.90%) Security Cleared
2 131 (9.99%) SC Cleared
3 75 (5.72%) Degree
4 18 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
4 18 (1.37%) DV Cleared
5 12 (0.92%) TOGAF Certification
6 11 (0.84%) ISTQB
7 10 (0.76%) CISM
7 10 (0.76%) CISSP
8 8 (0.61%) CEH
8 8 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.53%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 6 (0.46%) CISA
10 6 (0.46%) CRISC
10 6 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 6 (0.46%) PhD
11 5 (0.38%) Cisco Certification
11 5 (0.38%) GIAC
12 4 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
13 3 (0.23%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 99 (7.55%) QA
2 56 (4.27%) Accessibility
3 23 (1.75%) WCAG
4 11 (0.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.61%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.38%) GDPR
7 4 (0.31%) GRC
7 4 (0.31%) NIST
8 3 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.15%) SLA
10 1 (0.076%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.076%) FATCA
10 1 (0.076%) HL7
10 1 (0.076%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.076%) PMO
System Software
1 138 (10.53%) Docker
2 46 (3.51%) Active Directory
3 12 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.69%) VMware ESXi
5 7 (0.53%) Postfix
5 7 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
6 4 (0.31%) vSphere
7 3 (0.23%) GridGain
8 2 (0.15%) Ceph
8 2 (0.15%) Varnish
9 1 (0.076%) NDS
9 1 (0.076%) NetIQ eDirectory
Systems Management
1 104 (7.93%) Kubernetes
2 48 (3.66%) Ansible
3 33 (2.52%) Single Sign-On
3 33 (2.52%) Terraform
4 10 (0.76%) Prometheus
5 9 (0.69%) Grafana
5 9 (0.69%) Puppet
5 9 (0.69%) Red Hat Satellite
6 8 (0.61%) Active Directory Federation Services
6 8 (0.61%) Microsoft Clustering
7 7 (0.53%) Kibana
8 6 (0.46%) CA Service Virtualization
8 6 (0.46%) SCCM
9 5 (0.38%) HP ALM
9 5 (0.38%) logstash
9 5 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.31%) MOM
10 4 (0.31%) Nessus
10 4 (0.31%) QRadar
10 4 (0.31%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 222 (16.93%) Oracle
2 182 (13.88%) Microsoft
3 61 (4.65%) Salesforce.com
4 59 (4.50%) ServiceNow
5 53 (4.04%) IBM
6 45 (3.43%) SAP
7 37 (2.82%) Red Hat
8 35 (2.67%) Google
9 29 (2.21%) Splunk
10 24 (1.83%) MuleSoft
11 22 (1.68%) VMware
12 16 (1.22%) AppDynamics
12 16 (1.22%) Atlassian
12 16 (1.22%) Sybase
13 12 (0.92%) Dynatrace
13 12 (0.92%) Pega
14 11 (0.84%) Adobe
15 10 (0.76%) CA
15 10 (0.76%) Citrix
15 10 (0.76%) Informatica