Period
to 25 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 25 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
25 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 442 518 518
Rank change year-on-year +76 0 +4
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 495 474 449
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 0.61% 0.49% 0.45%
As % of the System Software category 3.56% 3.49% 3.62%
Number of salaries quoted 343 357 353
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% +12.50% -5.88%
10th Percentile £27,500 £26,150 £26,250
90th Percentile £72,500 £67,500 £60,000
UK median annual salary £50,000 £55,000 £48,000
% change year-on-year -9.09% +14.58% +6.67%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
UK excluding London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 13,888 13,567 12,389
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 17.00% 14.12% 12.52%
Number of salaries quoted 11,296 10,798 10,356
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £38,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +10.39% +2.67%
10th Percentile £24,000 £22,070 £22,000
90th Percentile £68,750 £65,000 £61,250
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in the UK excluding London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 25 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the UK excluding London

Virtual Machines
Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Virtual Machines within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 25 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +44 156 £52,500 +29.63% 26
North of England -16 116 £43,000 -6.52% 28
Midlands +73 101 £47,500 - 19
North West -8 75 £43,000 -14.00% 18
West Midlands +38 67 £62,500 +31.58% 11
East of England +79 46 £25,750 -41.14% 14
South West +25 37 £44,500 -3.26% 7
East Midlands +47 34 £47,500 +5.56% 8
Yorkshire -14 31 £50,000 +17.65% 9
Scotland +17 25 £57,500 +27.78% 6
North East +25 10 £46,250 +8.82% 1
Wales +9 8 £38,500 -9.41% 2
Isle of Man - 5 £51,000 -
Northern Ireland -21 3 £37,500 +25.00%
Virtual Machines
UK

For the 6 months to 25 August 2019, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 263 (53.13%) Windows
2 210 (42.42%) Microsoft
3 197 (39.80%) VMware
4 186 (37.58%) Linux
5 182 (36.77%) Azure
6 178 (35.96%) VMware Infrastructure
7 170 (34.34%) Active Directory
8 149 (30.10%) Hyper-V
9 124 (25.05%) DevOps
10 123 (24.85%) Windows Server
11 122 (24.65%) Problem-Solving
12 113 (22.83%) AWS
13 108 (21.82%) SQL
14 107 (21.62%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 103 (20.81%) PowerShell
16 99 (20.00%) ITIL
17 95 (19.19%) Firewall
17 95 (19.19%) Agile Software Development
18 94 (18.99%) DNS
19 81 (16.36%) Office 365
20 79 (15.96%) Data Centre
20 79 (15.96%) Git (software)
21 77 (15.56%) IaaS
22 74 (14.95%) Degree
23 73 (14.75%) Cisco
24 70 (14.14%) SharePoint
25 69 (13.94%) Windows Server 2012
26 68 (13.74%) DHCP
27 67 (13.54%) Configuration Management
28 64 (12.93%) Jenkins

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (14.14%) SharePoint
2 44 (8.89%) Skype for Business
3 30 (6.06%) MS Exchange
4 25 (5.05%) IIS
5 14 (2.83%) Confluence
6 12 (2.42%) SharePoint 2013
7 10 (2.02%) Apache
8 9 (1.82%) nginx
9 8 (1.62%) Exchange Server 2010
9 8 (1.62%) WordPress
10 7 (1.41%) Exchange Server 2013
11 6 (1.21%) Apache Solr
11 6 (1.21%) CMS
11 6 (1.21%) Drupal
12 5 (1.01%) Tomcat
13 4 (0.81%) OpenStack
14 3 (0.61%) Anypoint
14 3 (0.61%) Mule
14 3 (0.61%) Mule ESB
14 3 (0.61%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 30 (6.06%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (3.03%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (1.82%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.20%) Doxygen
4 1 (0.20%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 5 (1.01%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 2 (0.40%) Sage 200
3 1 (0.20%) SAP ECC
3 1 (0.20%) SAP MM
3 1 (0.20%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 182 (36.77%) Azure
2 113 (22.83%) AWS
3 81 (16.36%) Office 365
4 77 (15.56%) IaaS
5 59 (11.92%) PaaS
6 52 (10.51%) Azure Active Directory
7 32 (6.46%) SaaS
8 28 (5.66%) AWS CloudFormation
9 26 (5.25%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 22 (4.44%) Amazon EC2
10 22 (4.44%) Amazon S3
11 20 (4.04%) Serverless
12 18 (3.64%) Amazon ECS
12 18 (3.64%) Cloud Computing
12 18 (3.64%) GCP
12 18 (3.64%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 13 (2.63%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 13 (2.63%) Azure Functions
14 10 (2.02%) Azure Machine Learning
14 10 (2.02%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 95 (19.19%) Firewall
2 94 (18.99%) DNS
3 68 (13.74%) DHCP
4 58 (11.72%) SAN
5 48 (9.70%) LAN
5 48 (9.70%) WAN
6 47 (9.49%) VPN
7 40 (8.08%) TCP/IP
8 25 (5.05%) Skype
8 25 (5.05%) VoIP
9 21 (4.24%) NAS
9 21 (4.24%) Network Security
10 17 (3.43%) Wireless
11 13 (2.63%) MPLS
12 12 (2.42%) Internet
12 12 (2.42%) Intrusion Detection
12 12 (2.42%) Remote Desktop
12 12 (2.42%) RTMP
12 12 (2.42%) RTSP
13 9 (1.82%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 54 (10.91%) SQL Server
2 35 (7.07%) Azure SQL Database
3 32 (6.46%) MySQL
4 24 (4.85%) Relational Database
5 22 (4.44%) Amazon RDS
6 18 (3.64%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 12 (2.42%) Cosmos DB
8 11 (2.22%) NoSQL
8 11 (2.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 10 (2.02%) Data Lake
9 10 (2.02%) Power BI
10 9 (1.82%) Oracle Database
11 8 (1.62%) HDInsight
11 8 (1.62%) PostgreSQL
12 6 (1.21%) Big Data
12 6 (1.21%) DB2
13 5 (1.01%) MS Access
13 5 (1.01%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 4 (0.81%) Oracle Database 10g
15 3 (0.61%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 79 (15.96%) Git (software)
2 64 (12.93%) Jenkins
3 51 (10.30%) JIRA
4 24 (4.85%) Gerrit
5 16 (3.23%) Visual Studio
5 16 (3.23%) Visual Studio Team System
6 15 (3.03%) TeamCity
7 14 (2.83%) Vagrant
8 12 (2.42%) Mercurial
8 12 (2.42%) Sonatype Nexus
9 10 (2.02%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 8 (1.62%) Eclipse
11 7 (1.41%) GitLab
12 6 (1.21%) Selenium
13 5 (1.01%) Artifactory
13 5 (1.01%) GoCD
13 5 (1.01%) IntelliJ
13 5 (1.01%) Maven
13 5 (1.01%) NetBeans
13 5 (1.01%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 43 (8.69%) Finance
2 18 (3.64%) Public Sector
3 10 (2.02%) Telecoms
4 8 (1.62%) Aerospace
4 8 (1.62%) Multimedia
5 6 (1.21%) Law
6 5 (1.01%) Military
7 4 (0.81%) Automotive
7 4 (0.81%) Marketing
7 4 (0.81%) Welsh Language
8 3 (0.61%) Banking
8 3 (0.61%) Manufacturing
9 2 (0.40%) Billing
9 2 (0.40%) Electronics
9 2 (0.40%) Retail
10 1 (0.20%) Advertising
10 1 (0.20%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 97 (19.60%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 58 (11.72%) DevOps Engineer
3 46 (9.29%) Support Engineer
4 44 (8.89%) Architect
5 36 (7.27%) Consultant
6 31 (6.26%) Systems Engineer
7 29 (5.86%) Administrator
8 27 (5.45%) IT Support
8 27 (5.45%) Systems Administrator
9 26 (5.25%) Cloud Architect
10 25 (5.05%) IT Engineer
10 25 (5.05%) Software Engineer
11 24 (4.85%) Senior DevOps
12 23 (4.65%) Developer
12 23 (4.65%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 22 (4.44%) Analyst
13 22 (4.44%) Operations Engineer
13 22 (4.44%) Windows Engineer
14 21 (4.24%) Security Engineer
15 20 (4.04%) 3rd Line Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (8.89%) Web Services
2 24 (4.85%) .NET
3 22 (4.44%) JSON
4 20 (4.04%) OpenJDK
5 16 (3.23%) AngularJS
5 16 (3.23%) HTML
6 15 (3.03%) React
7 12 (2.42%) LAMP
8 11 (2.22%) HTML5
9 10 (2.02%) SAML
10 9 (1.82%) LDAP
11 8 (1.62%) ASP.NET
11 8 (1.62%) RESTful
12 7 (1.41%) XML
13 6 (1.21%) Middleware
14 5 (1.01%) AWT
14 5 (1.01%) Java ME
14 5 (1.01%) Java SE
14 5 (1.01%) JSP
14 5 (1.01%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 79 (15.96%) Data Centre
2 55 (11.11%) Public Cloud
2 55 (11.11%) Self-Motivation
3 46 (9.29%) Management Information System
4 35 (7.07%) Replication
5 33 (6.67%) Analytical Skills
6 30 (6.06%) Private Cloud
7 25 (5.05%) Hybrid Cloud
8 23 (4.65%) Smartphone
8 23 (4.65%) Virtual Team
9 18 (3.64%) Clustering
10 13 (2.63%) CCTV
11 12 (2.42%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 12 (2.42%) User Experience
11 12 (2.42%) Video\Live Streaming
12 9 (1.82%) Data Protection Act
13 7 (1.41%) Life Science
13 7 (1.41%) Linux Command Line
14 6 (1.21%) Driving Licence
14 6 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 263 (53.13%) Windows
2 186 (37.58%) Linux
3 123 (24.85%) Windows Server
4 69 (13.94%) Windows Server 2012
5 45 (9.09%) Ubuntu
6 39 (7.88%) Windows Server 2008
7 37 (7.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 37 (7.47%) Windows 10
8 32 (6.46%) CentOS
9 27 (5.45%) SUSE
10 25 (5.05%) Unix
11 20 (4.04%) Windows 7
12 18 (3.64%) Debian
13 14 (2.83%) Solaris
14 10 (2.02%) VMS
14 10 (2.02%) Windows 8
15 7 (1.41%) Data ONTAP
15 7 (1.41%) Windows Server 2003
16 6 (1.21%) Apple iOS
17 5 (1.01%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 124 (25.05%) DevOps
2 122 (24.65%) Problem-Solving
3 107 (21.62%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 99 (20.00%) ITIL
5 95 (19.19%) Agile Software Development
6 67 (13.54%) Configuration Management
7 53 (10.71%) Software Engineering
8 50 (10.10%) Test Automation
9 48 (9.70%) Disaster Recovery
10 47 (9.49%) Computer Science
10 47 (9.49%) Open Source
11 43 (8.69%) Presales
11 43 (8.69%) SDLC
12 42 (8.48%) Migration
13 40 (8.08%) Project Management
13 40 (8.08%) Service Management
14 33 (6.67%) Infrastructure as Code
15 32 (6.46%) Change Management
15 32 (6.46%) ITIL V3
16 31 (6.26%) Continuous Integration
Programming Languages
1 108 (21.82%) SQL
2 103 (20.81%) PowerShell
3 59 (11.92%) Python
4 49 (9.90%) Java
5 35 (7.07%) Bash Shell
6 30 (6.06%) C++
7 29 (5.86%) C
8 25 (5.05%) C#
9 18 (3.64%) Ruby
10 17 (3.43%) Go
11 12 (2.42%) PHP
12 9 (1.82%) JavaScript
13 7 (1.41%) T-SQL
14 5 (1.01%) VBA
15 4 (0.81%) Perl
16 3 (0.61%) Ada
16 3 (0.61%) Java 8
17 2 (0.40%) Apple Swift
17 2 (0.40%) Clojure
17 2 (0.40%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 74 (14.95%) Degree
2 47 (9.49%) Microsoft Certification
3 39 (7.88%) Security Cleared
4 36 (7.27%) MCSE
5 32 (6.46%) Computer Science Degree
6 26 (5.25%) SC Cleared
7 15 (3.03%) CCNA
7 15 (3.03%) Cisco Certification
8 13 (2.63%) MCSA
8 13 (2.63%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 10 (2.02%) ITIL Certification
9 10 (2.02%) Master's Degree
10 8 (1.62%) CCNP
11 6 (1.21%) DV Cleared
11 6 (1.21%) MCP
12 5 (1.01%) CCDP
12 5 (1.01%) CCSP
13 4 (0.81%) CISA
13 4 (0.81%) CISSP
13 4 (0.81%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (7.88%) SLA
2 20 (4.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 16 (3.23%) QA
4 15 (3.03%) GDPR
5 12 (2.42%) COBIT
6 9 (1.82%) PCI DSS
7 8 (1.62%) Cyber Essentials
8 7 (1.41%) Data Quality
9 4 (0.81%) GAMP
10 3 (0.61%) ISO 9001
11 1 (0.20%) HAZOP
11 1 (0.20%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 15288
11 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 1 (0.20%) NIST
11 1 (0.20%) PMO
11 1 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.20%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 178 (35.96%) VMware Infrastructure
2 170 (34.34%) Active Directory
3 149 (30.10%) Hyper-V
4 64 (12.93%) VMware ESXi
5 39 (7.88%) Docker
6 34 (6.87%) vSphere
7 25 (5.05%) VirtualBox
8 16 (3.23%) Terminal Services
9 10 (2.02%) XenApp
10 9 (1.82%) Virtual Servers
11 8 (1.62%) DFS Replication
11 8 (1.62%) Xen
11 8 (1.62%) XenDesktop
12 7 (1.41%) iptables
13 6 (1.21%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 6 (1.21%) Virtual Desktop
14 5 (1.01%) BitLocker
15 4 (0.81%) KVM
15 4 (0.81%) Microsoft Virtual Server
15 4 (0.81%) Samba
Systems Management
1 57 (11.52%) Puppet
2 56 (11.31%) SCCM
3 44 (8.89%) Terraform
4 32 (6.46%) Ansible
5 29 (5.86%) Kubernetes
5 29 (5.86%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (5.25%) SCVMM
7 22 (4.44%) HP Data Protector
8 17 (3.43%) SCOM
9 12 (2.42%) Microsoft Clustering
9 12 (2.42%) Nagios
10 11 (2.22%) Backup Exec
10 11 (2.22%) NetBackup
11 10 (2.02%) Kibana
12 9 (1.82%) Microsoft Intune
12 9 (1.82%) vCenter Server
13 8 (1.62%) FortiGate
13 8 (1.62%) Graphite
14 7 (1.41%) ZABBIX
15 6 (1.21%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 210 (42.42%) Microsoft
2 197 (39.80%) VMware
3 73 (14.75%) Cisco
4 55 (11.11%) Oracle
5 41 (8.28%) HP
5 41 (8.28%) Veeam
6 33 (6.67%) Citrix
7 28 (5.66%) NetApp
8 20 (4.04%) Google
9 17 (3.43%) Juniper
10 15 (3.03%) Symantec
11 9 (1.82%) CheckPoint
11 9 (1.82%) Dell
11 9 (1.82%) McAfee
11 9 (1.82%) Salesforce.com
11 9 (1.82%) Splunk
12 8 (1.62%) arcserve
12 8 (1.62%) CommVault
12 8 (1.62%) New Relic
13 7 (1.41%) Sun