Period
to 31 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cyber Essentials skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cyber Essentials over the 6 months to 31 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cyber Essentials
UK
6 months to
31 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 466 716 841
Rank change year-on-year +250 +125 -3
Contract jobs citing Cyber Essentials 67 98 63
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.21% 0.12% 0.061%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 1.92% 1.11% 0.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 41 62 48
Median daily rate £540 £428 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +26.09% -9.84% +18.75%
10th Percentile £285 £292 £316
90th Percentile £650 £629 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £563 £428 £450
% change year-on-year +31.35% -4.83% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 1 0
Median hourly rate £18.25 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -47.86% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.25 £35.00 -
% change year-on-year -47.86% - -

Cyber Essentials is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 3,491 8,849 11,304
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.68% 10.46% 10.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,043 5,524 7,144
Median daily rate £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% - +2.86%
10th Percentile £258 £238 £250
90th Percentile £638 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 181 403 404
Median hourly rate £26.22 £21.05 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +24.59% -4.34% +10.00%
10th Percentile £10.75 £11.15 £11.15
90th Percentile £55.00 £56.25 £50.00
Median hourly rate £23.00 £22.50 £21.63
% change year-on-year +2.22% +4.02% +8.15%

Cyber Essentials
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cyber Essentials as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cyber Essentials.

Daily rate trend for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cyber Essentials over the 6 months to 31 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cyber Essentials.

Hourly rate trend for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cyber Essentials within the UK over the 6 months to 31 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +253 53 £520 +9.47% 40
UK excluding London +224 35 £563 +31.35% 34
London +198 29 £500 +17.65% 9
South East +174 18 £540 +23.43% 13
Scotland +70 11 £595 +116.36% 3
Work from Home -103 8 £525 - 5
South West +97 2 £433 +4.26% 6
Midlands +81 2 £550 +0.92% 3
East Midlands +49 2 £550 +10.00% 1
East of England +78 1 - - 2
Wales +40 1 - -

For the 6 months to 31 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cyber Essentials also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cyber Essentials.

1 51 (76.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 51 (76.12%) Cybersecurity
2 33 (49.25%) Information Security
3 31 (46.27%) NIST
4 29 (43.28%) CISSP
5 28 (41.79%) CISM
5 28 (41.79%) Risk Management
6 27 (40.30%) ITIL
7 21 (31.34%) Agile Software Development
8 20 (29.85%) NCSC
8 20 (29.85%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
9 19 (28.36%) Security Cleared
9 19 (28.36%) SaaS
10 18 (26.87%) GDPR
11 17 (25.37%) NIST 800
11 17 (25.37%) Windows
11 17 (25.37%) CRISC
12 16 (23.88%) Azure
13 15 (22.39%) Windows Server
13 15 (22.39%) Microsoft
13 15 (22.39%) CISA
14 14 (20.90%) Service Delivery
14 14 (20.90%) Continuous Improvement
14 14 (20.90%) Splunk
15 13 (19.40%) PowerShell
15 13 (19.40%) DNS
15 13 (19.40%) Apache
15 13 (19.40%) Information Security Management
15 13 (19.40%) Security Management
16 12 (17.91%) Management Information System

Cyber Essentials
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (19.40%) Apache
2 12 (17.91%) Tomcat
3 9 (13.43%) Apache Solr
4 8 (11.94%) Umbraco
5 2 (2.99%) SharePoint
6 1 (1.49%) Confluence
Applications
1 2 (2.99%) Microsoft Office
1 2 (2.99%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (1.49%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (1.49%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 19 (28.36%) SaaS
2 16 (23.88%) Azure
3 9 (13.43%) AWS
4 7 (10.45%) PaaS
5 6 (8.96%) Cloud Computing
6 5 (7.46%) IaaS
7 4 (5.97%) Office 365
8 2 (2.99%) Power Platform
9 1 (1.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 1 (1.49%) Amazon GuardDuty
9 1 (1.49%) Amazon Macie
9 1 (1.49%) AWS CloudTrail
9 1 (1.49%) AWS CodeBuild
9 1 (1.49%) AWS CodeCommit
9 1 (1.49%) AWS CodeDeploy
9 1 (1.49%) AWS CodePipeline
9 1 (1.49%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (1.49%) IBM Cloud
9 1 (1.49%) Power Automate
9 1 (1.49%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 13 (19.40%) DNS
2 10 (14.93%) HTTP
2 10 (14.93%) SSL
3 7 (10.45%) Intrusion Detection
4 5 (7.46%) Firewall
5 3 (4.48%) LAN
5 3 (4.48%) Network Security
5 3 (4.48%) WAN
6 2 (2.99%) Intranet
6 2 (2.99%) iSCSI
6 2 (2.99%) SAN
6 2 (2.99%) VLAN
7 1 (1.49%) VPN
7 1 (1.49%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 12 (17.91%) SQL Server
1 12 (17.91%) SQL Server 2016
2 2 (2.99%) Power BI
3 1 (1.49%) Amazon Aurora
3 1 (1.49%) Amazon RDS
3 1 (1.49%) InfluxDB
3 1 (1.49%) PostgreSQL
3 1 (1.49%) SQL Server Analysis Services
3 1 (1.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 3 (4.48%) Hudson
General
1 11 (16.42%) Legal
2 9 (13.43%) Public Sector
3 8 (11.94%) Finance
4 2 (2.99%) Telecoms
5 1 (1.49%) Electronics
5 1 (1.49%) Manufacturing
5 1 (1.49%) Marketing
5 1 (1.49%) Retail
Job Titles
1 18 (26.87%) Consultant
2 14 (20.90%) Security Consultant
3 9 (13.43%) Architect
4 7 (10.45%) Security Architect
5 6 (8.96%) Cybersecurity Consultant
6 5 (7.46%) Cybersecurity Specialist
6 5 (7.46%) Security Specialist
7 4 (5.97%) Chief Technology Officer
7 4 (5.97%) DevOps Engineer
7 4 (5.97%) Information Assurance Consultant
8 3 (4.48%) Analyst
8 3 (4.48%) Applications Support
8 3 (4.48%) Information Security Consultant
8 3 (4.48%) Security Engineer
8 3 (4.48%) Site Engineer
8 3 (4.48%) Site Reliability Engineer
8 3 (4.48%) Support Engineer
9 2 (2.99%) CISSP Consultant
9 2 (2.99%) Network Engineer
9 2 (2.99%) Senior Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (13.43%) RabbitMQ
2 4 (5.97%) ModSecurity
3 2 (2.99%) REST
3 2 (2.99%) Web Services
4 1 (1.49%) Apache NiFi
4 1 (1.49%) Apollo GraphQL
4 1 (1.49%) GraphQL
4 1 (1.49%) JMS
4 1 (1.49%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 12 (17.91%) Management Information System
2 9 (13.43%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (8.96%) User Experience
4 4 (5.97%) Cyberthreat
4 4 (5.97%) NHS
4 4 (5.97%) Self-Motivation
5 3 (4.48%) Data Centre
6 2 (2.99%) CESG
6 2 (2.99%) Clustering
6 2 (2.99%) Cyber Defence
6 2 (2.99%) EMC VNX
6 2 (2.99%) PKI
7 1 (1.49%) Algorithms
7 1 (1.49%) Data Protection Act
7 1 (1.49%) Data Structures
7 1 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (1.49%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 17 (25.37%) Windows
2 15 (22.39%) Windows Server
3 12 (17.91%) Windows Server 2016
4 4 (5.97%) Linux
5 1 (1.49%) Android
5 1 (1.49%) Apple iOS
5 1 (1.49%) Data ONTAP
5 1 (1.49%) MVS
5 1 (1.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (1.49%) Solaris
5 1 (1.49%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (76.12%) Cybersecurity
2 33 (49.25%) Information Security
3 28 (41.79%) Risk Management
4 27 (40.30%) ITIL
5 21 (31.34%) Agile Software Development
6 14 (20.90%) Continuous Improvement
6 14 (20.90%) Service Delivery
7 13 (19.40%) Information Security Management
7 13 (19.40%) Security Management
8 12 (17.91%) Information Assurance
8 12 (17.91%) Problem-Solving
8 12 (17.91%) Technical Architecture
9 11 (16.42%) Due Diligence
10 10 (14.93%) Incident Management
10 10 (14.93%) Performance Tuning
10 10 (14.93%) Web Application Development
11 9 (13.43%) Data Protection
11 9 (13.43%) DevOps
11 9 (13.43%) Service Design
12 8 (11.94%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 13 (19.40%) PowerShell
2 11 (16.42%) Java
3 10 (14.93%) SQL
4 8 (11.94%) Python
5 5 (7.46%) Ruby
6 2 (2.99%) Perl
7 1 (1.49%) C
7 1 (1.49%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 29 (43.28%) CISSP
2 28 (41.79%) CISM
3 19 (28.36%) Security Cleared
4 17 (25.37%) CRISC
5 15 (22.39%) CISA
6 11 (16.42%) CESG Certified Professional
7 8 (11.94%) SC Cleared
8 5 (7.46%) CISMP
8 5 (7.46%) DV Cleared
8 5 (7.46%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
9 2 (2.99%) CEH
9 2 (2.99%) CLAS
9 2 (2.99%) Degree
9 2 (2.99%) GIAC
9 2 (2.99%) SANS
10 1 (1.49%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 1 (1.49%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (1.49%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (1.49%) DBS Check
10 1 (1.49%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (76.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 31 (46.27%) NIST
3 20 (29.85%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
3 20 (29.85%) NCSC
4 18 (26.87%) GDPR
5 17 (25.37%) NIST 800
6 12 (17.91%) HIPAA
7 11 (16.42%) SLA
8 10 (14.93%) COBIT
8 10 (14.93%) PCI DSS
9 9 (13.43%) JSP 440
10 8 (11.94%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 4 (5.97%) QA
11 4 (5.97%) RMADS
12 2 (2.99%) ISO 22301
12 2 (2.99%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 2 (2.99%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 1 (1.49%) Disclosure Scotland
13 1 (1.49%) ISO 9001
13 1 (1.49%) PMO
System Software
1 10 (14.93%) Active Directory
2 5 (7.46%) Docker
3 3 (4.48%) Hyper-V
4 2 (2.99%) DFS Replication
5 1 (1.49%) Samba
5 1 (1.49%) Terminal Services
5 1 (1.49%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (1.49%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 12 (17.91%) Ansible
2 11 (16.42%) Opscode Chef
2 11 (16.42%) Puppet
3 5 (7.46%) Kubernetes
4 3 (4.48%) Nagios
5 2 (2.99%) Failover Clustering
5 2 (2.99%) SCOM
6 1 (1.49%) Avamar
6 1 (1.49%) Consul
6 1 (1.49%) Grafana
6 1 (1.49%) Host Intrusion Detection System
6 1 (1.49%) RSA Archer
6 1 (1.49%) SCCM
6 1 (1.49%) StackStorm
Vendors
1 15 (22.39%) Microsoft
2 14 (20.90%) Splunk
3 4 (5.97%) LogicMonitor
4 3 (4.48%) NetApp
5 2 (2.99%) AlienVault
5 2 (2.99%) ArcSight
5 2 (2.99%) Cisco
5 2 (2.99%) Dell
5 2 (2.99%) EMC
5 2 (2.99%) EqualLogic
5 2 (2.99%) HP
5 2 (2.99%) LogRhythm
5 2 (2.99%) Oracle
5 2 (2.99%) SAP
6 1 (1.49%) Atlassian
6 1 (1.49%) IBM
6 1 (1.49%) Twitter
6 1 (1.49%) VMware