Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cyber Essentials skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cyber Essentials over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cyber Essentials
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 720 465 735
Rank change year-on-year -255 +270 +117
Contract jobs citing Cyber Essentials 110 68 98
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.13% 0.21% 0.12%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 1.02% 1.75% 1.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 63 42 67
10th Percentile £363 £289 £300
25th Percentile £400 £384 £331
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £533 £425
Median % change year-on-year -6.10% +25.29% -8.11%
75th Percentile £625 £584 £570
90th Percentile £748 £673 £620
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £563 £425
% change year-on-year -17.78% +32.35% -4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 0
Median hourly rate £40.50 £18.25 -
Median % change year-on-year +121.92% - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £18.25 -
% change year-on-year +15.07% - -

Cyber Essentials is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 10,817 3,889 9,595
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.66% 11.92% 11.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,273 2,492 6,144
10th Percentile £263 £270 £250
25th Percentile £394 £363 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £600 £575 £550
90th Percentile £688 £650 £632
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £441 £425
% change year-on-year +0.91% +3.76% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 314 157 395
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.67 £11.14
25th Percentile £12.53 £13.28 £15.00
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -6.98% +4.88% -1.43%
75th Percentile £39.88 £45.00 £46.84
90th Percentile £62.50 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £21.05 £21.42
% change year-on-year -16.86% -1.70% +4.86%

Cyber Essentials
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cyber Essentials as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cyber Essentials.

Daily rate trend for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cyber Essentials over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cyber Essentials.

Hourly rate trend for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cyber Essentials over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cyber Essentials within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -206 89 £500 - 97
UK excluding London -135 58 £463 -17.78% 79
London -176 37 £525 +15.07% 23
Work from Home -194 30 £475 -5.00% 16
South East -95 16 £600 +11.11% 16
South West -41 12 £400 -7.55% 13
East of England -38 8 £450 - 5
Midlands -65 8 £500 -9.09% 17
North of England - 7 £463 - 21
Scotland -81 6 £425 -29.17% 5
North West - 5 £475 - 17
East Midlands -38 4 £350 -36.36% 4
West Midlands - 4 £575 - 13
Wales -24 2 £475 -32.14% 2
Yorkshire - 2 £375 - 3

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cyber Essentials also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cyber Essentials.

1 59 (53.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 58 (52.73%) Information Security
3 51 (46.36%) Cybersecurity
4 41 (37.27%) CISSP
5 33 (30.00%) NIST
6 31 (28.18%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
7 29 (26.36%) GDPR
8 28 (25.45%) Microsoft
8 28 (25.45%) Azure
9 23 (20.91%) Risk Management
10 20 (18.18%) CISM
10 20 (18.18%) Security Cleared
11 19 (17.27%) Degree
11 19 (17.27%) Agile Software Development
12 18 (16.36%) Firewall
12 18 (16.36%) Management Information System
12 18 (16.36%) Microsoft 365
13 17 (15.45%) Social Skills
13 17 (15.45%) SC Cleared
14 16 (14.55%) CISA
14 16 (14.55%) Security Management
15 15 (13.64%) Active Directory
15 15 (13.64%) Windows
15 15 (13.64%) Data Protection
16 14 (12.73%) Linux
16 14 (12.73%) Migration
17 13 (11.82%) Risk Assessment
17 13 (11.82%) Project Management
18 12 (10.91%) AWS
19 11 (10.00%) PCI DSS

Cyber Essentials
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (1.82%) Confluence
1 2 (1.82%) IIS
1 2 (1.82%) MS Exchange
1 2 (1.82%) SharePoint
2 1 (0.91%) CMS
2 1 (0.91%) OpenStack
2 1 (0.91%) SAS
Applications
1 3 (2.73%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.91%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.91%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (1.82%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (1.82%) Maximo
2 1 (0.91%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (0.91%) SmartPlant
Cloud Services
1 28 (25.45%) Azure
2 18 (16.36%) Microsoft 365
3 12 (10.91%) AWS
4 7 (6.36%) IaaS
4 7 (6.36%) SaaS
5 6 (5.45%) Cloud Computing
5 6 (5.45%) Dynamics 365
6 5 (4.55%) GCP
7 3 (2.73%) Azure Active Directory
7 3 (2.73%) PaaS
8 2 (1.82%) Azure Sentinel
8 2 (1.82%) Power Platform
9 1 (0.91%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 18 (16.36%) Firewall
2 9 (8.18%) Network Security
3 8 (7.27%) SD-WAN
4 6 (5.45%) Wi-Fi
5 3 (2.73%) TCP/IP
6 2 (1.82%) DNS
6 2 (1.82%) Intrusion Detection
6 2 (1.82%) Unified Communications
6 2 (1.82%) VLAN
7 1 (0.91%) DHCP
7 1 (0.91%) Intranet
7 1 (0.91%) LAN
7 1 (0.91%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4 (3.64%) Amazon RDS
2 3 (2.73%) InfluxDB
2 3 (2.73%) MongoDB
3 2 (1.82%) Data Lake
3 2 (1.82%) Data Warehouse
3 2 (1.82%) Neo4j
3 2 (1.82%) Power BI
3 2 (1.82%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 2 (1.82%) GitLab
1 2 (1.82%) JIRA
2 1 (0.91%) ClearCase
2 1 (0.91%) Git (software)
2 1 (0.91%) Jenkins
2 1 (0.91%) Snyk
2 1 (0.91%) SonarQube
2 1 (0.91%) Sonatype Nexus
2 1 (0.91%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 17 (15.45%) Social Skills
2 9 (8.18%) Public Sector
3 7 (6.36%) Finance
3 7 (6.36%) Local Government
4 5 (4.55%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (4.55%) Influencing Skills
4 5 (4.55%) Legal
5 3 (2.73%) Documentation Skills
5 3 (2.73%) Military
5 3 (2.73%) Retail
6 2 (1.82%) Manufacturing
6 2 (1.82%) Presentation Skills
6 2 (1.82%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.91%) Back Office
7 1 (0.91%) Brand Awareness
7 1 (0.91%) Law
7 1 (0.91%) Welsh Language
Job Titles
1 20 (18.18%) Consultant
2 19 (17.27%) Security Consultant
3 14 (12.73%) Analyst
4 11 (10.00%) Architect
5 10 (9.09%) IT Engineer
5 10 (9.09%) IT Manager
6 8 (7.27%) Information Security Consultant
6 8 (7.27%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 8 (7.27%) Security Analyst
6 8 (7.27%) Security Engineer
7 6 (5.45%) IT Support
7 6 (5.45%) Project Manager
7 6 (5.45%) Security Manager
8 5 (4.55%) IT Support Engineer
8 5 (4.55%) Risk Consultant
8 5 (4.55%) Security Architect
8 5 (4.55%) Support Engineer
9 4 (3.64%) Cloud Consultant
9 4 (3.64%) Compliance Analyst
9 4 (3.64%) IT Infrastructure Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3 (2.73%) REST
2 2 (1.82%) Middleware
2 2 (1.82%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 18 (16.36%) Management Information System
2 7 (6.36%) Data Centre
3 6 (5.45%) Data Protection Act
4 5 (4.55%) Public Cloud
4 5 (4.55%) Security Operations Centre
5 4 (3.64%) CESG
5 4 (3.64%) Cyber Defence
5 4 (3.64%) Cyberattack
5 4 (3.64%) Cyberthreat
6 3 (2.73%) Linux Command Line
6 3 (2.73%) NHS
6 3 (2.73%) Smart City
7 2 (1.82%) IVR
7 2 (1.82%) Social Media
7 2 (1.82%) Virtual Team
8 1 (0.91%) CMDB
8 1 (0.91%) Internet of Things
8 1 (0.91%) Replication
8 1 (0.91%) SCADA
8 1 (0.91%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 15 (13.64%) Windows
2 14 (12.73%) Linux
3 8 (7.27%) Windows Server
4 4 (3.64%) Unix
5 3 (2.73%) Data ONTAP
5 3 (2.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 3 (2.73%) Solaris
5 3 (2.73%) VMS
6 2 (1.82%) Kali Linux
6 2 (1.82%) Windows Server 2019
7 1 (0.91%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.91%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 58 (52.73%) Information Security
2 51 (46.36%) Cybersecurity
3 23 (20.91%) Risk Management
4 19 (17.27%) Agile Software Development
5 16 (14.55%) Security Management
6 15 (13.64%) Data Protection
7 14 (12.73%) Migration
8 13 (11.82%) Project Management
8 13 (11.82%) Risk Assessment
9 11 (10.00%) Information Security Management
10 10 (9.09%) Disaster Recovery
10 10 (9.09%) Incident Management
10 10 (9.09%) ITIL
10 10 (9.09%) Penetration Testing
10 10 (9.09%) SIEM
11 9 (8.18%) Vulnerability Assessment
12 8 (7.27%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
12 8 (7.27%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 8 (7.27%) Security Operations
12 8 (7.27%) Threat Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 4 (3.64%) Bash Shell
1 4 (3.64%) Python
2 3 (2.73%) Perl
2 3 (2.73%) Shell Script
3 2 (1.82%) C
3 2 (1.82%) Java
3 2 (1.82%) PowerShell
4 1 (0.91%) JavaScript
Qualifications
1 41 (37.27%) CISSP
2 20 (18.18%) CISM
2 20 (18.18%) Security Cleared
3 19 (17.27%) Degree
4 17 (15.45%) SC Cleared
5 16 (14.55%) CISA
6 11 (10.00%) CRISC
7 8 (7.27%) Microsoft Certification
8 6 (5.45%) CCNA
8 6 (5.45%) Cisco Certification
9 5 (4.55%) CISMP
9 5 (4.55%) DBS Check
10 4 (3.64%) AWS Certification
10 4 (3.64%) CESG Certified Professional
10 4 (3.64%) CompTIA Security+
10 4 (3.64%) Postgraduate
11 3 (2.73%) CCNP
11 3 (2.73%) MCAD
11 3 (2.73%) PhD
11 3 (2.73%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 59 (53.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 33 (30.00%) NIST
3 31 (28.18%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
4 29 (26.36%) GDPR
5 11 (10.00%) PCI DSS
6 10 (9.09%) GRC
7 8 (7.27%) NCSC
8 5 (4.55%) NIST 800
8 5 (4.55%) SOC 2
9 3 (2.73%) COBIT
10 2 (1.82%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 2 (1.82%) JSP 440
10 2 (1.82%) RMADS
10 2 (1.82%) SSAE 16
11 1 (0.91%) Actionable Recommendations
11 1 (0.91%) HIPAA
11 1 (0.91%) IASME
11 1 (0.91%) ISO 31000
11 1 (0.91%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 1 (0.91%) ITGC
System Software
1 15 (13.64%) Active Directory
2 7 (6.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 6 (5.45%) Virtual Desktop
4 3 (2.73%) Virtual Machines
5 2 (1.82%) Samba
6 1 (0.91%) Docker
6 1 (0.91%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.91%) Squid
6 1 (0.91%) Virtual Servers
6 1 (0.91%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.91%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 5 (4.55%) Ansible
1 5 (4.55%) SCCM
2 4 (3.64%) Microsoft Intune
2 4 (3.64%) Nessus
3 3 (2.73%) Avamar
3 3 (2.73%) Grafana
3 3 (2.73%) HAProxy
3 3 (2.73%) Host Intrusion Detection System
3 3 (2.73%) Nagios
3 3 (2.73%) Red Hat Satellite
3 3 (2.73%) StackStorm
4 2 (1.82%) Consul
4 2 (1.82%) Nmap
4 2 (1.82%) Oracle ZFS
4 2 (1.82%) Salt
4 2 (1.82%) Single Sign-On
4 2 (1.82%) Terraform
5 1 (0.91%) CASB
5 1 (0.91%) Kubernetes
5 1 (0.91%) WSUS
Vendors
1 28 (25.45%) Microsoft
2 10 (9.09%) VMware
3 6 (5.45%) Cisco
3 6 (5.45%) Darktrace
4 5 (4.55%) Citrix
4 5 (4.55%) Google
4 5 (4.55%) ServiceNow
5 4 (3.64%) Aruba
6 3 (2.73%) CommVault
6 3 (2.73%) FireEye
6 3 (2.73%) IronPort
6 3 (2.73%) LogRhythm
6 3 (2.73%) NetApp
6 3 (2.73%) Oracle
6 3 (2.73%) Red Hat
7 2 (1.82%) IBM
7 2 (1.82%) Juniper
7 2 (1.82%) NetWitness
7 2 (1.82%) Splunk
8 1 (0.91%) Dell