Period
to 15 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 15 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
15 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 108 176 220
Rank change year-on-year +68 +44 +7
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,871 1,693 1,287
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.23% 1.63% 1.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.59% 1.87% 1.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,258 1,022 828
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.56% -2.50%
10th Percentile £356 £363 £325
90th Percentile £708 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £495 £475
% change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 16 12
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £50.00 £46.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.00% +8.11% +32.14%
10th Percentile £18.95 £19.99 £16.90
90th Percentile £60.00 £67.50 £56.23
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £50.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year -10.00% +5.26% +40.74%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,298 90,523 88,784
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.07% 86.89% 86.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 47,354 59,905 58,960
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £298 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,301 2,358 2,140
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £22.00 £23.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.95% -4.50% +2.39%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £49.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.00 £23.63
% change year-on-year +7.14% -11.11% +5.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 15 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 15 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +60 1,707 £500 - 908
UK excluding London +64 991 £500 +1.01% 730
London +51 831 £550 +0.92% 250
South East +86 301 £500 - 205
South West +51 247 £500 +2.56% 108
North of England -1 167 £438 -12.50% 158
Midlands +36 94 £550 +25.71% 113
Scotland +11 94 £525 +10.53% 34
North West +30 88 £450 -5.26% 94
West Midlands +52 74 £525 +16.67% 75
Yorkshire -8 74 £400 -25.58% 50
East of England +41 59 £563 +6.64% 77
Wales +30 27 £475 -20.83% 33
East Midlands +14 18 £600 +41.18% 38
Northern Ireland +8 6 £475 - 5
North East +10 4 £150 -70.30% 14

For the 6 months to 15 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 438 (23.41%) Information Security
2 417 (22.29%) Finance
3 412 (22.02%) Security Cleared
4 307 (16.41%) Agile Software Development
5 273 (14.59%) CISSP
6 256 (13.68%) Firewall
7 255 (13.63%) SIEM
8 245 (13.09%) SC Cleared
9 243 (12.99%) Windows
10 222 (11.87%) Azure
10 222 (11.87%) Security Operations
11 220 (11.76%) Stakeholder Management
12 214 (11.44%) Microsoft
12 214 (11.44%) DV Cleared
13 186 (9.94%) Management Information System
14 183 (9.78%) Risk Management
15 181 (9.67%) Linux
16 178 (9.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
17 172 (9.19%) AWS
18 167 (8.93%) Security Architecture
19 163 (8.71%) DevOps
20 143 (7.64%) Degree
21 141 (7.54%) Public Sector
22 140 (7.48%) Network Security
23 134 (7.16%) Identity Access Management
24 132 (7.06%) Vulnerability Management
25 131 (7.00%) CISM
26 128 (6.84%) Project Management
26 128 (6.84%) Java
27 127 (6.79%) Active Directory

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (2.46%) SharePoint
2 21 (1.12%) MS Exchange
3 16 (0.86%) Confluence
3 16 (0.86%) Skype for Business
4 12 (0.64%) Elasticsearch
5 10 (0.53%) IIS
6 5 (0.27%) Apache Spark
6 5 (0.27%) Exchange Server 2010
6 5 (0.27%) Jupyter
6 5 (0.27%) OpenStack
7 4 (0.21%) Apache
7 4 (0.21%) SharePoint 2010
8 3 (0.16%) ArcGIS
8 3 (0.16%) Camunda
8 3 (0.16%) SharePoint 2013
9 2 (0.11%) ColdFusion
9 2 (0.11%) Exchange Server 2007
9 2 (0.11%) SAS
9 2 (0.11%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.11%) WebSphere
Applications
1 64 (3.42%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (1.92%) Microsoft Excel
3 19 (1.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (0.96%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.59%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.16%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.053%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.053%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 6 (0.32%) Misys Opics
2 3 (0.16%) SAP BPC
2 3 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (0.16%) SAP SCM
3 2 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.053%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 222 (11.87%) Azure
2 172 (9.19%) AWS
3 103 (5.51%) Office 365
4 49 (2.62%) GCP
5 47 (2.51%) SaaS
6 38 (2.03%) IaaS
7 37 (1.98%) PaaS
8 25 (1.34%) Azure Active Directory
8 25 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
9 12 (0.64%) OneDrive
10 11 (0.59%) GitHub
10 11 (0.59%) Power Platform
11 9 (0.48%) Mimecast
12 7 (0.37%) OpenShift
13 6 (0.32%) Serverless
14 5 (0.27%) Amazon EC2
14 5 (0.27%) npm
14 5 (0.27%) PowerApps
14 5 (0.27%) SuccessFactors
15 4 (0.21%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 256 (13.68%) Firewall
2 140 (7.48%) Network Security
3 95 (5.08%) Internet
4 79 (4.22%) DNS
5 59 (3.15%) WAN
6 43 (2.30%) Intrusion Detection
6 43 (2.30%) LAN
7 36 (1.92%) VPN
8 30 (1.60%) DHCP
9 29 (1.55%) TCP/IP
10 26 (1.39%) SNMP
10 26 (1.39%) Wireless
11 24 (1.28%) HTTP
12 23 (1.23%) SMTP
13 22 (1.18%) HTTPS
14 21 (1.12%) Skype
15 15 (0.80%) MPLS
15 15 (0.80%) Wi-Fi
16 14 (0.75%) SAN
17 11 (0.59%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (4.22%) Big Data
2 29 (1.55%) SQL Server
3 26 (1.39%) Relational Database
4 17 (0.91%) NoSQL
5 14 (0.75%) RDBMS
6 11 (0.59%) Blockchain
7 10 (0.53%) MySQL
7 10 (0.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 9 (0.48%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 9 (0.48%) Couchbase
8 9 (0.48%) Oracle Database
8 9 (0.48%) Redis
8 9 (0.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 8 (0.43%) Data Warehouse
9 8 (0.43%) Oracle Database 10g
10 7 (0.37%) Apache Cassandra
10 7 (0.37%) GIS
10 7 (0.37%) MongoDB
10 7 (0.37%) PostgreSQL
10 7 (0.37%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 58 (3.10%) Jenkins
2 55 (2.94%) JIRA
3 37 (1.98%) Selenium
4 33 (1.76%) Cucumber
5 22 (1.18%) Git (software)
6 18 (0.96%) Rational DOORS
7 16 (0.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 14 (0.75%) Burp Suite
9 13 (0.69%) JUnit
9 13 (0.69%) Visual Studio Team System
10 10 (0.53%) Bitbucket
10 10 (0.53%) SonarQube
11 8 (0.43%) Sonatype Nexus
12 7 (0.37%) Metasploit
13 6 (0.32%) Visual Studio
14 5 (0.27%) Balsamiq
14 5 (0.27%) Bitbucket Server
14 5 (0.27%) EasyMock
15 4 (0.21%) GitLab
15 4 (0.21%) gulp
General
1 417 (22.29%) Finance
2 141 (7.54%) Public Sector
3 111 (5.93%) Banking
4 103 (5.51%) Telecoms
5 91 (4.86%) Retail
6 84 (4.49%) Manufacturing
7 56 (2.99%) Military
8 44 (2.35%) Law
9 38 (2.03%) Legal
10 30 (1.60%) Financial Institution
11 25 (1.34%) Investment Banking
12 15 (0.80%) Marketing
12 15 (0.80%) Police
13 14 (0.75%) Retail Banking
14 10 (0.53%) Electronics
14 10 (0.53%) Games
15 9 (0.48%) Back Office
16 7 (0.37%) Advertising
17 6 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
18 3 (0.16%) German Language
Job Titles
1 354 (18.92%) Analyst
2 281 (15.02%) Architect
3 220 (11.76%) Consultant
4 194 (10.37%) Security Analyst
5 174 (9.30%) Security Architect
6 171 (9.14%) Security Consultant
7 132 (7.06%) Project Manager
8 126 (6.73%) Security Engineer
9 125 (6.68%) Business Analyst
10 124 (6.63%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 121 (6.47%) Security Manager
12 113 (6.04%) Cybersecurity Consultant
13 97 (5.18%) Developer
14 92 (4.92%) Cybersecurity Manager
15 61 (3.26%) Software Engineer
16 60 (3.21%) Security Project Manager
17 54 (2.89%) Cybersecurity Architect
18 49 (2.62%) Cybersecurity Engineer
19 47 (2.51%) Project Manager - Cybersecurity
19 47 (2.51%) Security Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 58 (3.10%) .NET
2 42 (2.24%) Web Services
3 34 (1.82%) RESTful
4 32 (1.71%) React
5 24 (1.28%) AngularJS
6 22 (1.18%) CSS
6 22 (1.18%) HTML
6 22 (1.18%) Spring
7 21 (1.12%) Node.js
7 21 (1.12%) SAML
8 20 (1.07%) Kafka
8 20 (1.07%) REST
9 16 (0.86%) LDAP
9 16 (0.86%) Middleware
10 15 (0.80%) OAuth
11 13 (0.69%) OpenID
12 12 (0.64%) Play Framework
13 11 (0.59%) Akka
14 9 (0.48%) .NET Framework
14 9 (0.48%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 186 (9.94%) Management Information System
2 109 (5.83%) Analytical Skills
3 87 (4.65%) Data Centre
4 86 (4.60%) Security Operations Centre
5 53 (2.83%) Cyberthreat
6 40 (2.14%) PKI
7 31 (1.66%) Public Cloud
8 29 (1.55%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 27 (1.44%) User Experience
10 25 (1.34%) SCADA
11 22 (1.18%) Cyberattack
12 21 (1.12%) Greenfield Project
13 20 (1.07%) Cyber Defence
13 20 (1.07%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
14 19 (1.02%) ASIC
14 19 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
15 16 (0.86%) CESG
16 15 (0.80%) Virtual Team
17 13 (0.69%) Driving Licence
18 12 (0.64%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 243 (12.99%) Windows
2 181 (9.67%) Linux
3 61 (3.26%) Windows Server
4 49 (2.62%) Unix
5 36 (1.92%) Windows 10
6 27 (1.44%) Windows Server 2008
7 23 (1.23%) Windows Server 2012
8 19 (1.02%) Windows 7
9 18 (0.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 15 (0.80%) Apple iOS
11 13 (0.69%) Windows Server 2003
12 11 (0.59%) Android
13 10 (0.53%) AIX
14 9 (0.48%) Solaris
15 8 (0.43%) Windows XP
16 6 (0.32%) Kali Linux
17 5 (0.27%) CentOS
17 5 (0.27%) Ubuntu
18 4 (0.21%) Mac OS
18 4 (0.21%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 438 (23.41%) Information Security
2 307 (16.41%) Agile Software Development
3 255 (13.63%) SIEM
4 222 (11.87%) Security Operations
5 220 (11.76%) Stakeholder Management
6 183 (9.78%) Risk Management
7 167 (8.93%) Security Architecture
8 163 (8.71%) DevOps
9 134 (7.16%) Identity Access Management
10 132 (7.06%) Vulnerability Management
11 128 (6.84%) Project Management
12 115 (6.15%) ITIL
13 113 (6.04%) Analytics
14 112 (5.99%) Change Management
15 108 (5.77%) Software Engineering
16 90 (4.81%) Migration
16 90 (4.81%) Problem-Solving
17 89 (4.76%) Digital Transformation Programme
18 82 (4.38%) Project Delivery
19 81 (4.33%) Risk Assessment
Programming Languages
1 128 (6.84%) Java
2 123 (6.57%) Python
3 94 (5.02%) C
3 94 (5.02%) SQL
4 68 (3.63%) JavaScript
5 57 (3.05%) PowerShell
6 50 (2.67%) C#
7 45 (2.41%) C++
8 31 (1.66%) Bash Shell
9 22 (1.18%) Scala
10 15 (0.80%) Shell Script
11 13 (0.69%) TypeScript
12 12 (0.64%) VBA
13 11 (0.59%) Go
13 11 (0.59%) Perl
14 6 (0.32%) PHP
14 6 (0.32%) Ruby
15 4 (0.21%) Embedded C
15 4 (0.21%) Embedded C++
15 4 (0.21%) ES6
Qualifications
1 412 (22.02%) Security Cleared
2 273 (14.59%) CISSP
3 245 (13.09%) SC Cleared
4 214 (11.44%) DV Cleared
5 143 (7.64%) Degree
6 131 (7.00%) CISM
7 70 (3.74%) Cisco Certification
8 60 (3.21%) SANS
9 50 (2.67%) CEH
10 47 (2.51%) CESG Certified Professional
11 44 (2.35%) CISA
12 43 (2.30%) GIAC
13 33 (1.76%) ISEB
14 29 (1.55%) CCNA
15 28 (1.50%) Computer Science Degree
16 26 (1.39%) CCNP
16 26 (1.39%) ISTQB
17 24 (1.28%) GCIH
17 24 (1.28%) Microsoft Certification
18 23 (1.23%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 178 (9.51%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 102 (5.45%) NIST
3 88 (4.70%) GDPR
4 51 (2.73%) COBIT
5 48 (2.57%) PCI DSS
6 45 (2.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 44 (2.35%) QA
8 40 (2.14%) NCSC
9 31 (1.66%) Cyber Essentials
10 25 (1.34%) PMO
11 20 (1.07%) JSP 440
12 19 (1.02%) RMADS
13 18 (0.96%) SLA
14 12 (0.64%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 11 (0.59%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 11 (0.59%) HMG Security Policy Framework
16 10 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27005
17 8 (0.43%) NIST 800
18 7 (0.37%) HIPAA
19 6 (0.32%) GAMP
System Software
1 127 (6.79%) Active Directory
2 74 (3.96%) Docker
3 34 (1.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.96%) Hyper-V
5 14 (0.75%) vSphere
6 13 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.53%) XenApp
8 9 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
8 9 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
8 9 (0.48%) XenDesktop
9 8 (0.43%) Firmware
10 6 (0.32%) Snort
11 4 (0.21%) Virtual Desktop
11 4 (0.21%) VMware NSX
12 3 (0.16%) ISA Server
12 3 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
13 2 (0.11%) KVM
13 2 (0.11%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
13 2 (0.11%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 63 (3.37%) Kubernetes
2 44 (2.35%) Ansible
3 40 (2.14%) Nessus
4 32 (1.71%) SCCM
5 29 (1.55%) Terraform
6 28 (1.50%) QRadar
7 26 (1.39%) Single Sign-On
8 25 (1.34%) CASB
9 17 (0.91%) CSIRT
9 17 (0.91%) Puppet
10 14 (0.75%) Norton AntiVirus
11 10 (0.53%) Marathon
11 10 (0.53%) Mesos
11 10 (0.53%) Nmap
11 10 (0.53%) RSA Archer
12 8 (0.43%) Istio
13 7 (0.37%) Network Intrusion Detection System
13 7 (0.37%) Opscode Chef
14 5 (0.27%) EnCase
14 5 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 214 (11.44%) Microsoft
2 94 (5.02%) Cisco
3 91 (4.86%) Splunk
4 82 (4.38%) Google
5 66 (3.53%) VMware
6 50 (2.67%) Palo Alto
7 43 (2.30%) Apple
8 41 (2.19%) McAfee
9 38 (2.03%) Symantec
10 37 (1.98%) Qualys
11 36 (1.92%) SAP
12 35 (1.87%) Oracle
13 29 (1.55%) ServiceNow
14 28 (1.50%) Citrix
15 25 (1.34%) CheckPoint
16 24 (1.28%) ArcSight
16 24 (1.28%) Juniper
17 19 (1.02%) Red Hat
18 18 (0.96%) LogRhythm
19 16 (0.86%) CyberArk