Period
to 2 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 2 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
2 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 104 149 175
Rank change year-on-year +45 +26 +49
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,379 1,790 1,595
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.23% 1.86% 1.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.63% 2.13% 1.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 860 1,093 972
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £375 £345
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 8 11
Median hourly rate £50.50 £36.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +38.36% -10.98% +17.14%
10th Percentile £25.14 £28.55 £28.85
90th Percentile £68.99 £49.35 £85.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £35.00 £30.50
% change year-on-year +42.86% +14.75% -12.86%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,514 84,118 87,998
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.91% 87.25% 86.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,439 55,699 58,218
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £288
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +2.94% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,873 2,129 2,206
Median hourly rate £25.14 £24.60 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.20% +9.33% -10.00%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.85 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £22.39 £23.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -2.65% +2.22% -10.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 2 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 2 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 2 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +37 1,241 £525 - 542
UK excluding London +48 812 £500 - 439
London +14 522 £550 - 154
South East +38 201 £500 -3.85% 74
North of England +30 178 £525 +2.44% 108
South West +57 175 £513 +2.50% 65
North West +42 109 £580 +18.07% 63
Scotland +44 81 £550 +7.84% 22
Midlands +29 80 £475 - 59
East of England +35 78 £550 +10.00% 81
Yorkshire -9 58 £480 -17.42% 36
West Midlands +10 46 £475 +2.70% 39
East Midlands +40 34 £488 -4.65% 20
Work from Home +1 32 £550 +10.00% 35
Wales +31 20 £475 -5.00% 27
North East +23 10 £506 +3.85% 9
Northern Ireland +11 4 £500 - 4
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 2 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 300 (21.75%) Security Cleared
2 297 (21.54%) Information Security
3 284 (20.59%) Finance
4 213 (15.45%) Agile Software Development
5 209 (15.16%) SC Cleared
6 203 (14.72%) CISSP
7 189 (13.71%) Firewall
8 177 (12.84%) Microsoft
9 175 (12.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 165 (11.97%) Windows
11 164 (11.89%) Risk Management
12 158 (11.46%) Azure
13 152 (11.02%) SIEM
14 144 (10.44%) Management Information System
14 144 (10.44%) Public Sector
15 136 (9.86%) Security Operations
16 129 (9.35%) AWS
17 124 (8.99%) Stakeholder Management
18 121 (8.77%) Security Architecture
18 121 (8.77%) DevOps
19 120 (8.70%) Linux
20 117 (8.48%) Active Directory
21 114 (8.27%) DV Cleared
22 113 (8.19%) NIST
23 104 (7.54%) Vulnerability Management
24 103 (7.47%) Network Security
25 100 (7.25%) Analytical Skills
26 99 (7.18%) CISM
27 97 (7.03%) Degree
28 92 (6.67%) GDPR

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (2.61%) SharePoint
2 21 (1.52%) Confluence
3 15 (1.09%) IIS
4 8 (0.58%) Apache
4 8 (0.58%) Skype for Business
5 7 (0.51%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (0.44%) Mule
6 6 (0.44%) OpenStack
7 5 (0.36%) Anypoint
7 5 (0.36%) MS Exchange
8 3 (0.22%) Apache Spark
8 3 (0.22%) nginx
8 3 (0.22%) WebSphere
8 3 (0.22%) WordPress
9 2 (0.15%) Apache Airflow
9 2 (0.15%) Apache Solr
9 2 (0.15%) ColdFusion
9 2 (0.15%) Exchange Server 2003
9 2 (0.15%) Exchange Server 2007
9 2 (0.15%) IBM Notes
Applications
1 58 (4.21%) Microsoft Office
2 19 (1.38%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (0.87%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 7 (0.51%) Microsoft Project
4 7 (0.51%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.073%) Open Workbench
5 1 (0.073%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.073%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 6 (0.44%) Unit4 Business World
2 3 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
2 3 (0.22%) SAP SD
3 2 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.15%) SAP BPC
3 2 (0.15%) Workfront
4 1 (0.073%) Actimize
4 1 (0.073%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.073%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.073%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.073%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.073%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 158 (11.46%) Azure
2 129 (9.35%) AWS
3 65 (4.71%) Office 365
4 43 (3.12%) GCP
5 38 (2.76%) SaaS
6 14 (1.02%) Cloud Computing
7 12 (0.87%) IaaS
7 12 (0.87%) PaaS
8 8 (0.58%) GitHub
8 8 (0.58%) OneDrive
9 7 (0.51%) Azure Active Directory
9 7 (0.51%) Power Platform
10 6 (0.44%) OpenShift
11 5 (0.36%) Amazon EC2
11 5 (0.36%) Amazon S3
11 5 (0.36%) Azure ExpressRoute
11 5 (0.36%) G Suite
12 4 (0.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 4 (0.29%) Serverless
13 3 (0.22%) SuccessFactors
Communications & Networking
1 189 (13.71%) Firewall
2 103 (7.47%) Network Security
3 58 (4.21%) Internet
4 56 (4.06%) WAN
5 47 (3.41%) VPN
6 39 (2.83%) TCP/IP
7 34 (2.47%) LAN
8 29 (2.10%) DNS
9 26 (1.89%) Intrusion Detection
10 25 (1.81%) X.509
11 21 (1.52%) Wi-Fi
11 21 (1.52%) Wireless
12 20 (1.45%) MPLS
13 17 (1.23%) SAN
14 14 (1.02%) BGP
15 13 (0.94%) DMZ
16 12 (0.87%) DHCP
16 12 (0.87%) Intranet
17 9 (0.65%) NetScaler
17 9 (0.65%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (3.55%) Big Data
2 24 (1.74%) SQL Server
3 17 (1.23%) Relational Database
4 9 (0.65%) RDBMS
5 8 (0.58%) Blockchain
6 7 (0.51%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 7 (0.51%) Apache Cassandra
6 7 (0.51%) Hazelcast
6 7 (0.51%) Redis
7 6 (0.44%) Data Lake
7 6 (0.44%) Hadoop
7 6 (0.44%) MySQL
7 6 (0.44%) Oracle Database
7 6 (0.44%) Power BI
7 6 (0.44%) Triplestore
8 4 (0.29%) NoSQL
8 4 (0.29%) Oracle Reports
9 3 (0.22%) Azure SQL Database
9 3 (0.22%) DB2
10 2 (0.15%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 38 (2.76%) Jenkins
2 27 (1.96%) JIRA
3 23 (1.67%) Git (software)
4 13 (0.94%) Selenium
5 12 (0.87%) Burp Suite
5 12 (0.87%) Cucumber
6 8 (0.58%) Metasploit
7 7 (0.51%) Rational DOORS
7 7 (0.51%) Rational Rhapsody
8 6 (0.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 5 (0.36%) Artifactory
9 5 (0.36%) GitLab
9 5 (0.36%) Visual Studio Team System
10 4 (0.29%) Bitbucket
11 3 (0.22%) Gradle
11 3 (0.22%) Maven
12 2 (0.15%) CMake
12 2 (0.15%) git-flow
12 2 (0.15%) Octopus Deploy
12 2 (0.15%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 284 (20.59%) Finance
2 144 (10.44%) Public Sector
3 68 (4.93%) Banking
4 62 (4.50%) Legal
5 52 (3.77%) Manufacturing
6 46 (3.34%) Retail
7 43 (3.12%) Telecoms
8 29 (2.10%) Military
9 25 (1.81%) Financial Institution
10 15 (1.09%) Police
11 13 (0.94%) Law
12 12 (0.87%) Marketing
13 11 (0.80%) Automotive
13 11 (0.80%) Electronics
14 9 (0.65%) Publishing
15 7 (0.51%) Investment Banking
16 6 (0.44%) Aerospace
17 5 (0.36%) Retail Banking
18 4 (0.29%) Advertising
19 3 (0.22%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 225 (16.32%) Analyst
2 189 (13.71%) Architect
3 183 (13.27%) Consultant
4 158 (11.46%) Security Consultant
5 127 (9.21%) Security Analyst
6 122 (8.85%) Security Architect
7 105 (7.61%) Security Engineer
8 103 (7.47%) Cybersecurity Consultant
9 93 (6.74%) Project Manager
9 93 (6.74%) Security Manager
10 72 (5.22%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 69 (5.00%) Cybersecurity Manager
12 63 (4.57%) Business Analyst
13 50 (3.63%) Cybersecurity Engineer
13 50 (3.63%) Security Project Manager
14 43 (3.12%) Developer
14 43 (3.12%) Security Specialist
14 43 (3.12%) Trainee
15 37 (2.68%) Project Manager - Cybersecurity
16 35 (2.54%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (3.55%) .NET
2 27 (1.96%) SAML
3 22 (1.60%) Web Services
4 10 (0.73%) CSS
4 10 (0.73%) Elastic Stack
4 10 (0.73%) HTML
4 10 (0.73%) Node.js
5 9 (0.65%) Middleware
5 9 (0.65%) React
5 9 (0.65%) REST
5 9 (0.65%) Spring
6 8 (0.58%) Memcached
6 8 (0.58%) RAML
6 8 (0.58%) SailPoint
7 7 (0.51%) Kafka
7 7 (0.51%) NumPy
7 7 (0.51%) Pandas
7 7 (0.51%) PyTorch
7 7 (0.51%) scikit-learn
7 7 (0.51%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 144 (10.44%) Management Information System
2 100 (7.25%) Analytical Skills
3 58 (4.21%) Cyberthreat
4 50 (3.63%) Data Centre
4 50 (3.63%) Security Operations Centre
5 45 (3.26%) Driving Licence
6 28 (2.03%) Data Protection Act
7 25 (1.81%) Public Cloud
8 20 (1.45%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 20 (1.45%) Freedom of Information
9 19 (1.38%) Analytical Mindset
9 19 (1.38%) Freedom of Information Act
10 17 (1.23%) Cyber Defence
10 17 (1.23%) PKI
10 17 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
11 15 (1.09%) Cyberattack
12 14 (1.02%) Mobile App
13 13 (0.94%) User Experience
14 12 (0.87%) CESG
15 10 (0.73%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 165 (11.97%) Windows
2 120 (8.70%) Linux
3 25 (1.81%) Unix
3 25 (1.81%) Windows Server
4 20 (1.45%) Windows 10
5 13 (0.94%) Android
6 12 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 12 (0.87%) Windows Server 2016
7 11 (0.80%) Apple iOS
8 9 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
9 8 (0.58%) Mac OS
9 8 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
9 8 (0.58%) Windows XP
10 7 (0.51%) VMS
11 6 (0.44%) Kali Linux
12 5 (0.36%) Solaris
13 4 (0.29%) CentOS
14 3 (0.22%) AIX
14 3 (0.22%) Mac OS X
14 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 297 (21.54%) Information Security
2 213 (15.45%) Agile Software Development
3 164 (11.89%) Risk Management
4 152 (11.02%) SIEM
5 136 (9.86%) Security Operations
6 124 (8.99%) Stakeholder Management
7 121 (8.77%) DevOps
7 121 (8.77%) Security Architecture
8 104 (7.54%) Vulnerability Management
9 91 (6.60%) Project Management
10 88 (6.38%) Penetration Testing
10 88 (6.38%) Problem-Solving
11 70 (5.08%) ITIL
12 66 (4.79%) Security Management
12 66 (4.79%) Software Engineering
13 65 (4.71%) Data Protection
14 64 (4.64%) Identity Access Management
15 62 (4.50%) Risk Assessment
16 59 (4.28%) Analytics
17 58 (4.21%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 81 (5.87%) Python
2 73 (5.29%) Java
3 60 (4.35%) C
4 45 (3.26%) SQL
5 30 (2.18%) C++
5 30 (2.18%) PowerShell
6 28 (2.03%) JavaScript
7 26 (1.89%) C#
8 15 (1.09%) Bash Shell
8 15 (1.09%) Shell Script
9 9 (0.65%) PHP
10 8 (0.58%) Go
10 8 (0.58%) Scala
11 7 (0.51%) Ruby
12 6 (0.44%) Perl
13 5 (0.36%) SHACL
13 5 (0.36%) T-SQL
14 4 (0.29%) SPARQL
15 3 (0.22%) VB
16 2 (0.15%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 300 (21.75%) Security Cleared
2 209 (15.16%) SC Cleared
3 203 (14.72%) CISSP
4 114 (8.27%) DV Cleared
5 99 (7.18%) CISM
6 97 (7.03%) Degree
7 66 (4.79%) GIAC
8 56 (4.06%) CISA
9 47 (3.41%) CESG Certified Professional
10 41 (2.97%) Cisco Certification
11 38 (2.76%) CEH
12 31 (2.25%) SANS
13 27 (1.96%) CREST Certified
14 25 (1.81%) CRISC
15 21 (1.52%) CCNA
15 21 (1.52%) ISACA
16 19 (1.38%) GCIH
16 19 (1.38%) Microsoft Certification
17 17 (1.23%) CCNP
17 17 (1.23%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 175 (12.69%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 113 (8.19%) NIST
3 92 (6.67%) GDPR
4 82 (5.95%) NCSC
5 33 (2.39%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 27 (1.96%) Cyber Essentials
6 27 (1.96%) PCI DSS
7 24 (1.74%) RMADS
8 20 (1.45%) COBIT
8 20 (1.45%) JSP 440
8 20 (1.45%) QA
9 18 (1.31%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 16 (1.16%) PMO
10 16 (1.16%) SLA
11 9 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 8 (0.58%) NIST 800
13 7 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 5 (0.36%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 4 (0.29%) Data Quality
15 4 (0.29%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 117 (8.48%) Active Directory
2 37 (2.68%) Docker
3 28 (2.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.94%) XenApp
5 9 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.44%) BitLocker
6 6 (0.44%) Firmware
6 6 (0.44%) Hyper-V
7 5 (0.36%) ProxySG
7 5 (0.36%) vSphere
8 4 (0.29%) Snort
8 4 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (0.29%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.15%) NFS
9 2 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
9 2 (0.15%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.073%) KVM
10 1 (0.073%) OCFS2
10 1 (0.073%) SRDF
10 1 (0.073%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 38 (2.76%) Kubernetes
2 36 (2.61%) Ansible
3 24 (1.74%) Terraform
4 23 (1.67%) Puppet
4 23 (1.67%) SCCM
5 21 (1.52%) QRadar
6 20 (1.45%) Nessus
7 17 (1.23%) Single Sign-On
8 15 (1.09%) CSIRT
8 15 (1.09%) Network Intrusion Detection System
9 11 (0.80%) EnCase
10 10 (0.73%) Opscode Chef
11 9 (0.65%) Istio
12 8 (0.58%) CASB
13 7 (0.51%) FortiGate
13 7 (0.51%) FTK
13 7 (0.51%) linkerd
13 7 (0.51%) Nmap
13 7 (0.51%) RSA Archer
14 6 (0.44%) McAfee ePO
Vendors
1 177 (12.84%) Microsoft
2 86 (6.24%) Cisco
3 63 (4.57%) Splunk
4 51 (3.70%) Google
5 39 (2.83%) VMware
6 33 (2.39%) Qualys
7 28 (2.03%) CyberArk
7 28 (2.03%) SAP
8 27 (1.96%) Palo Alto
9 25 (1.81%) Citrix
10 24 (1.74%) Oracle
11 23 (1.67%) McAfee
12 21 (1.52%) Symantec
13 19 (1.38%) Juniper
14 17 (1.23%) Red Hat
15 16 (1.16%) Apple
16 15 (1.09%) CheckPoint
17 13 (0.94%) ServiceNow
18 12 (0.87%) F5
18 12 (0.87%) Proofpoint