Period
to 17 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 17 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
17 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 177 245 281
Rank change year-on-year +68 +36 +253
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,629 1,047 995
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.58% 1.09% 0.91%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.83% 1.28% 1.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,038 675 671
UK median daily rate £500 £480 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% -8.57% +11.82%
10th Percentile £363 £319 £350
90th Percentile £688 £675 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £500
% change year-on-year +5.56% -10.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 16 7
UK median hourly rate £48.75 £45.00 £9.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.33% +400.00% -76.83%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.25 £47.50 £9.00
% change year-on-year -2.63% +427.78% -76.83%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,862 81,893 92,305
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.23% 85.55% 84.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,641 53,667 60,922
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,390 2,076 2,301
UK median hourly rate £21.02 £24.86 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.45% +5.79% +8.60%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.41 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.25 £48.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% +4.17% +10.34%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 17 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 17 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 17 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +68 1,480 £500 +4.17% 723
UK excluding London +51 848 £475 +5.56% 538
London +53 742 £525 +5.00% 228
South East +74 243 £500 +7.53% 134
North of England +19 225 £475 +5.56% 127
Yorkshire +48 147 £500 - 37
Scotland -2 107 £450 +2.86% 27
Midlands +33 104 £450 +5.88% 82
South West +31 103 £450 -9.77% 98
West Midlands +27 75 £450 -5.26% 59
North West -29 66 £428 -2.84% 79
East of England -18 49 £500 +25.00% 54
East Midlands -5 27 £431 +1.47% 23
North East -4 17 £650 +73.33% 11
Wales -4 15 £575 +12.20% 12
Northern Ireland - 3 £115 - 3

For the 6 months to 17 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 426 (26.15%) Finance
2 391 (24.00%) Information Security
3 344 (21.12%) Security Cleared
4 335 (20.56%) Agile Software Development
5 289 (17.74%) CISSP
6 228 (14.00%) Stakeholder Management
7 225 (13.81%) SC Cleared
8 217 (13.32%) Firewall
9 207 (12.71%) SIEM
10 200 (12.28%) Risk Management
11 198 (12.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 183 (11.23%) Windows
13 178 (10.93%) Degree
14 176 (10.80%) Microsoft
15 171 (10.50%) Banking
16 168 (10.31%) Linux
17 164 (10.07%) Big Data
18 163 (10.01%) GDPR
19 161 (9.88%) CISM
19 161 (9.88%) Security Architecture
20 144 (8.84%) Security Operations
21 143 (8.78%) Project Management
21 143 (8.78%) Network Security
22 138 (8.47%) Management Information System
23 137 (8.41%) Microsoft Azure
24 133 (8.16%) ITIL
25 128 (7.86%) Java
26 123 (7.55%) Analytics
26 123 (7.55%) Analytical Skills
27 120 (7.37%) Amazon AWS

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
2 22 (1.35%) SharePoint
3 19 (1.17%) Confluence
4 17 (1.04%) Tomcat
5 16 (0.98%) Apache
5 16 (0.98%) MS Exchange
6 14 (0.86%) Skype for Business
7 13 (0.80%) Apache Spark
8 12 (0.74%) Exchange Server 2010
9 11 (0.68%) JBoss
10 5 (0.31%) Jetty
11 4 (0.25%) IIS
12 2 (0.12%) SharePoint 2010
12 2 (0.12%) SharePoint 2013
13 1 (0.061%) Appian
13 1 (0.061%) Cloud Foundry
13 1 (0.061%) Gunicorn
13 1 (0.061%) Mule
13 1 (0.061%) nginx
13 1 (0.061%) OpenStack
Applications
1 39 (2.39%) Microsoft Office
2 36 (2.21%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (1.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (1.04%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
6 7 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
7 2 (0.12%) HipChat
8 1 (0.061%) InVision
Business Applications
1 2 (0.12%) Oracle Financials
1 2 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
1 2 (0.12%) Sage 50
1 2 (0.12%) Sentinel
2 1 (0.061%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.061%) Sage 200
2 1 (0.061%) Sage 500
2 1 (0.061%) SAP PM
2 1 (0.061%) Unit4 Business World
2 1 (0.061%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 137 (8.41%) Microsoft Azure
2 120 (7.37%) Amazon AWS
3 56 (3.44%) IaaS
4 54 (3.31%) Office 365
5 50 (3.07%) PaaS
6 49 (3.01%) SaaS
7 31 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
8 16 (0.98%) GitHub
9 14 (0.86%) Akamai
10 11 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
11 9 (0.55%) AWS CloudTrail
12 8 (0.49%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 8 (0.49%) Mimecast
12 8 (0.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 6 (0.37%) OneDrive
13 6 (0.37%) Serverless
14 4 (0.25%) Asana
14 4 (0.25%) Azure Active Directory
14 4 (0.25%) Google Cloud Platform
15 3 (0.18%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 217 (13.32%) Firewall
2 143 (8.78%) Network Security
3 59 (3.62%) Internet
4 42 (2.58%) WAN
5 41 (2.52%) LAN
6 40 (2.46%) DNS
7 32 (1.96%) TCP/IP
8 29 (1.78%) VPN
9 27 (1.66%) HTTP
10 24 (1.47%) SMS
11 23 (1.41%) SSL
12 21 (1.29%) Intrusion Detection
13 18 (1.10%) Skype
14 15 (0.92%) Kerberos
14 15 (0.92%) SAN
15 13 (0.80%) MPLS
16 12 (0.74%) Wireless
17 11 (0.68%) 3G
17 11 (0.68%) 4G
17 11 (0.68%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 164 (10.07%) Big Data
2 64 (3.93%) Hadoop
3 56 (3.44%) SQL Server
4 20 (1.23%) Relational Database
5 16 (0.98%) MySQL
6 14 (0.86%) NoSQL
6 14 (0.86%) PostgreSQL
7 13 (0.80%) Blockchain
8 12 (0.74%) Neo4j
9 10 (0.61%) Amazon RDS
9 10 (0.61%) ArangoDB
9 10 (0.61%) Data Warehouse
9 10 (0.61%) HBase
10 8 (0.49%) Data Mining
10 8 (0.49%) QlikView
10 8 (0.49%) Redis
11 7 (0.43%) Apache Hive
11 7 (0.43%) Maltego
11 7 (0.43%) MongoDB
11 7 (0.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 60 (3.68%) Jenkins
2 39 (2.39%) Selenium
3 36 (2.21%) Git (software)
4 33 (2.03%) JIRA
5 25 (1.53%) Cucumber
6 22 (1.35%) Team Foundation Server
7 16 (0.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 12 (0.74%) Maven
8 12 (0.74%) Visual Studio
9 11 (0.68%) JUnit
10 10 (0.61%) Bitbucket
11 9 (0.55%) EasyMock
12 8 (0.49%) WebDriver
13 6 (0.37%) SpecFlow
14 5 (0.31%) gulp
14 5 (0.31%) TestComplete
14 5 (0.31%) Visual Studio Team System
15 3 (0.18%) JMeter
15 3 (0.18%) Metasploit
15 3 (0.18%) Subversion
General
1 426 (26.15%) Finance
2 171 (10.50%) Banking
3 84 (5.16%) Retail
4 83 (5.10%) Telecoms
5 77 (4.73%) Legal
6 65 (3.99%) Manufacturing
7 29 (1.78%) Investment Banking
8 28 (1.72%) Financial Institution
9 23 (1.41%) Law
10 20 (1.23%) Marketing
11 12 (0.74%) Automotive
12 7 (0.43%) Retail Banking
13 6 (0.37%) Digital Economy
13 6 (0.37%) Electronics
14 5 (0.31%) Back Office
14 5 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.25%) Advertising
15 4 (0.25%) Publishing
16 3 (0.18%) Billing
16 3 (0.18%) Military
Job Titles
1 309 (18.97%) Analyst
2 258 (15.84%) Architect
3 194 (11.91%) Security Architect
4 162 (9.94%) Consultant
5 157 (9.64%) Security Analyst
6 151 (9.27%) Security Manager
7 150 (9.21%) Project Manager
8 117 (7.18%) Security Consultant
9 104 (6.38%) Business Analyst
9 104 (6.38%) Developer
9 104 (6.38%) Security Engineer
10 82 (5.03%) Security Project Manager
11 78 (4.79%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 74 (4.54%) Cybersecurity Manager
13 65 (3.99%) Cybersecurity Architect
14 57 (3.50%) Cybersecurity Consultant
15 51 (3.13%) Cybersecurity Engineer
16 44 (2.70%) Project Manager - Cybersecurity
17 35 (2.15%) Infrastructure Engineer
18 34 (2.09%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (3.38%) .NET
1 55 (3.38%) HTML
2 40 (2.46%) Spring
3 38 (2.33%) Web Services
4 34 (2.09%) AngularJS
5 33 (2.03%) CSS
6 28 (1.72%) Kafka
7 26 (1.60%) REST
7 26 (1.60%) SAML
8 21 (1.29%) XML
9 20 (1.23%) Middleware
10 19 (1.17%) React
11 18 (1.10%) jQuery
12 16 (0.98%) RESTful
12 16 (0.98%) Spring Boot
13 15 (0.92%) OAuth
14 14 (0.86%) Apache Camel
15 13 (0.80%) HTML5
15 13 (0.80%) JSON
15 13 (0.80%) Regular Expression
Miscellaneous
1 138 (8.47%) Management Information System
2 123 (7.55%) Analytical Skills
3 93 (5.71%) Cyberthreat
4 77 (4.73%) Data Centre
5 74 (4.54%) Computer Science
6 53 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
7 44 (2.70%) PKI
8 40 (2.46%) Security Operations Centre
9 31 (1.90%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 31 (1.90%) User Experience
10 28 (1.72%) Public Cloud
11 23 (1.41%) Data Protection Act
12 20 (1.23%) Client/Server
12 20 (1.23%) Hybrid Cloud
13 19 (1.17%) Cyberattack
13 19 (1.17%) Greenfield Project
14 17 (1.04%) Cyber Defence
15 14 (0.86%) SCADA
16 13 (0.80%) Fintech
17 11 (0.68%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 183 (11.23%) Windows
2 168 (10.31%) Linux
3 62 (3.81%) Unix
4 51 (3.13%) Windows Server
5 34 (2.09%) Windows Server 2012
6 31 (1.90%) Windows 10
7 27 (1.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 21 (1.29%) Android
9 18 (1.10%) Windows Server 2008
10 17 (1.04%) CentOS
10 17 (1.04%) Windows 7
11 16 (0.98%) Apple iOS
12 10 (0.61%) Windows 8
13 9 (0.55%) Solaris
14 8 (0.49%) Ubuntu
14 8 (0.49%) Windows Server 2003
15 5 (0.31%) Kali Linux
15 5 (0.31%) Mac OS
16 3 (0.18%) AIX
16 3 (0.18%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 391 (24.00%) Information Security
2 335 (20.56%) Agile Software Development
3 228 (14.00%) Stakeholder Management
4 207 (12.71%) SIEM
5 200 (12.28%) Risk Management
6 161 (9.88%) Security Architecture
7 144 (8.84%) Security Operations
8 143 (8.78%) Project Management
9 133 (8.16%) ITIL
10 123 (7.55%) Analytics
11 115 (7.06%) Data Protection
12 102 (6.26%) DevOps
13 95 (5.83%) Test Automation
14 94 (5.77%) Problem-Solving
15 91 (5.59%) Vulnerability Management
16 90 (5.52%) Scrum
17 83 (5.10%) Change Management
18 82 (5.03%) Threat Intelligence
19 77 (4.73%) Cryptography
20 76 (4.67%) Identity Access Management
Programming Languages
1 128 (7.86%) Java
2 116 (7.12%) Python
3 83 (5.10%) SQL
4 71 (4.36%) JavaScript
5 70 (4.30%) PowerShell
6 67 (4.11%) C#
7 35 (2.15%) Perl
8 34 (2.09%) Bash Shell
9 29 (1.78%) C
10 24 (1.47%) C++
11 22 (1.35%) Ruby
12 20 (1.23%) Go
13 17 (1.04%) T-SQL
14 10 (0.61%) Java 8
15 9 (0.55%) Shell Script
16 6 (0.37%) Scala
17 5 (0.31%) VBA
18 4 (0.25%) Embedded C
18 4 (0.25%) Embedded C++
18 4 (0.25%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 344 (21.12%) Security Cleared
2 289 (17.74%) CISSP
3 225 (13.81%) SC Cleared
4 178 (10.93%) Degree
5 161 (9.88%) CISM
6 116 (7.12%) CISA
7 78 (4.79%) DV Cleared
8 68 (4.17%) Cisco Certification
9 45 (2.76%) CESG Certified Professional
9 45 (2.76%) Computer Science Degree
10 44 (2.70%) SANS
11 37 (2.27%) ISEB
12 32 (1.96%) CCNP
13 31 (1.90%) CEH
14 29 (1.78%) CRISC
15 28 (1.72%) CCNA
15 28 (1.72%) GIAC
16 27 (1.66%) ISTQB
17 25 (1.53%) BC Cleared
18 22 (1.35%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 198 (12.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 163 (10.01%) GDPR
3 92 (5.65%) PCI DSS
4 57 (3.50%) QA
5 45 (2.76%) PMO
6 38 (2.33%) COBIT
7 23 (1.41%) NIST 800
8 19 (1.17%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 18 (1.10%) Data Quality
10 14 (0.86%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 14 (0.86%) JSP 440
11 13 (0.80%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 11 (0.68%) Cyber Essentials
12 11 (0.68%) HIPAA
12 11 (0.68%) HMG Infosec
12 11 (0.68%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 10 (0.61%) FINRA
14 5 (0.31%) ISAE 3402
14 5 (0.31%) SLA
15 4 (0.25%) MiFID
System Software
1 92 (5.65%) Active Directory
2 35 (2.15%) Docker
3 28 (1.72%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (0.86%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (0.61%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.31%) HDFS
6 5 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.31%) XenApp
7 4 (0.25%) VMware Workstation
7 4 (0.25%) vSphere
8 3 (0.18%) iptables
8 3 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (0.18%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.12%) BitLocker
9 2 (0.12%) Firmware
9 2 (0.12%) OpenAM
9 2 (0.12%) OpenDJ
9 2 (0.12%) Snort
9 2 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.12%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 27 (1.66%) Nessus
2 25 (1.53%) QRadar
3 22 (1.35%) Ansible
4 21 (1.29%) Network Intrusion Detection System
5 19 (1.17%) Single Sign-On
6 17 (1.04%) Puppet
6 17 (1.04%) Terraform
7 16 (0.98%) WSUS
8 15 (0.92%) CSIRT
8 15 (0.92%) Kubernetes
9 12 (0.74%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 11 (0.68%) Nagios
10 11 (0.68%) SCCM
11 10 (0.61%) ArcSight ESM
11 10 (0.61%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
12 9 (0.55%) McAfee ePO
13 8 (0.49%) Kibana
14 6 (0.37%) CA Single Sign-On
14 6 (0.37%) CASB
14 6 (0.37%) Nmap
Vendors
1 176 (10.80%) Microsoft
2 71 (4.36%) Splunk
3 50 (3.07%) Oracle
4 49 (3.01%) Cisco
5 47 (2.89%) McAfee
6 39 (2.39%) VMware
7 38 (2.33%) ArcSight
8 32 (1.96%) CyberArk
9 31 (1.90%) Cloudera
9 31 (1.90%) Red Hat
10 26 (1.60%) CheckPoint
11 25 (1.53%) Intel
12 24 (1.47%) Symantec
13 23 (1.41%) HP
13 23 (1.41%) SAP
14 21 (1.29%) Qualys
15 20 (1.23%) Citrix
15 20 (1.23%) ForeScout
16 19 (1.17%) AlienVault
17 17 (1.04%) Palo Alto