Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 160 217 220
Rank change year-on-year +57 +3 +201
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,777 1,312 1,248
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.69% 1.28% 1.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.95% 1.49% 1.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,068 821 883
UK median daily rate £515 £488 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.64% -2.50% -
10th Percentile £375 £325 £325
90th Percentile £700 £675 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - -5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 5 6
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £45.00 £33.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +33.33% -17.43%
10th Percentile £18.30 £24.99 £30.25
90th Percentile £66.60 £76.50 £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £35.00 £33.75
% change year-on-year +27.14% +3.70% -17.43%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 91,103 88,016 87,639
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.72% 85.90% 85.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,344 58,702 57,753
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +2.41%
10th Percentile £300 £277 £263
90th Percentile £638 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,341 2,069 2,478
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.33% +6.67% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.05
90th Percentile £50.10 £49.25 £48.33
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -12.52% +6.67% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +50 1,640 £517 +6.05% 886
UK excluding London +35 894 £500 +5.26% 682
London +47 856 £550 +10.00% 286
South East +39 258 £500 +7.87% 131
North of England +6 217 £500 +3.36% 157
South West +36 139 £488 +7.62% 124
Yorkshire +6 117 £550 +10.00% 52
Midlands +10 103 £450 -5.26% 124
Scotland +6 89 £510 +20.00% 29
North West -17 83 £500 +13.64% 92
West Midlands +12 74 £450 -5.26% 83
East of England -20 62 £500 +25.00% 66
Wales -18 25 £600 +4.35% 51
East Midlands -9 23 £431 +1.47% 41
North East +3 19 £488 -16.67% 13
Northern Ireland - 2 - - 2

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 444 (24.99%) Information Security
2 406 (22.85%) Security Cleared
3 384 (21.61%) Finance
4 376 (21.16%) Agile Software Development
5 333 (18.74%) CISSP
6 277 (15.59%) SC Cleared
7 226 (12.72%) CISM
8 218 (12.27%) Risk Management
9 209 (11.76%) Security Architecture
10 208 (11.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 205 (11.54%) SIEM
11 205 (11.54%) Windows
12 194 (10.92%) Firewall
13 193 (10.86%) Linux
14 185 (10.41%) Management Information System
15 181 (10.19%) Stakeholder Management
16 180 (10.13%) Microsoft
17 178 (10.02%) Microsoft Azure
18 171 (9.62%) Amazon AWS
19 169 (9.51%) Java
20 166 (9.34%) Degree
20 166 (9.34%) Python
21 165 (9.29%) GDPR
22 164 (9.23%) Security Operations
23 154 (8.67%) Banking
24 152 (8.55%) Penetration Testing
25 149 (8.38%) DevOps
26 145 (8.16%) CISA
27 143 (8.05%) Analytics
28 138 (7.77%) Big Data

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 33 (1.86%) Elasticsearch
2 31 (1.74%) MS Exchange
3 30 (1.69%) SharePoint
4 29 (1.63%) Apache Spark
5 21 (1.18%) Confluence
6 14 (0.79%) Skype for Business
7 13 (0.73%) Exchange Server 2010
8 12 (0.68%) OpenStack
9 11 (0.62%) Tomcat
10 10 (0.56%) Apache
11 8 (0.45%) Apache Solr
11 8 (0.45%) CMS
12 4 (0.23%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
13 3 (0.17%) Apache Pig
14 2 (0.11%) IIS
14 2 (0.11%) SharePoint 2010
14 2 (0.11%) SharePoint 2013
14 2 (0.11%) WebSphere
15 1 (0.056%) IBM Domino
15 1 (0.056%) JBoss
Applications
1 43 (2.42%) Microsoft Office
2 42 (2.36%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (2.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.68%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.39%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.11%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.056%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.056%) InVision
Business Applications
1 11 (0.62%) Oracle EBS R12
1 11 (0.62%) Oracle FAH
2 5 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.17%) Sentinel
4 1 (0.056%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.056%) Primavera
4 1 (0.056%) Remedy ITSM
4 1 (0.056%) SAP IS-U
4 1 (0.056%) SDL Web 8
4 1 (0.056%) SystmOne
4 1 (0.056%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 178 (10.02%) Microsoft Azure
2 171 (9.62%) Amazon AWS
3 56 (3.15%) IaaS
3 56 (3.15%) SaaS
4 49 (2.76%) PaaS
5 43 (2.42%) Office 365
6 34 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
7 30 (1.69%) Mimecast
8 27 (1.52%) Google Cloud Platform
9 26 (1.46%) GitHub
10 17 (0.96%) AWS CloudFormation
11 16 (0.90%) Azure Active Directory
12 11 (0.62%) Akamai
12 11 (0.62%) npm
13 7 (0.39%) OneDrive
14 6 (0.34%) AWS CloudTrail
15 5 (0.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 5 (0.28%) Datadog
15 5 (0.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 4 (0.23%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 194 (10.92%) Firewall
2 97 (5.46%) Network Security
3 57 (3.21%) DNS
4 56 (3.15%) LAN
5 52 (2.93%) WAN
6 51 (2.87%) Internet
7 49 (2.76%) VPN
8 34 (1.91%) HTTP
9 33 (1.86%) TCP/IP
10 31 (1.74%) Intrusion Detection
11 29 (1.63%) Wireless
12 23 (1.29%) VoIP
13 19 (1.07%) SSL
14 16 (0.90%) Skype
14 16 (0.90%) SNMP
15 15 (0.84%) Kerberos
16 14 (0.79%) SAN
17 13 (0.73%) DMZ
18 12 (0.68%) Unified Communications
19 11 (0.62%) Cisco Nexus
Database & Business Intelligence
1 138 (7.77%) Big Data
2 76 (4.28%) Hadoop
3 54 (3.04%) SQL Server
4 41 (2.31%) Relational Database
5 21 (1.18%) Apache Hive
6 19 (1.07%) ArangoDB
6 19 (1.07%) Neo4j
7 16 (0.90%) HBase
8 14 (0.79%) PostgreSQL
9 12 (0.68%) Data Warehouse
10 11 (0.62%) Blockchain
10 11 (0.62%) Essbase
10 11 (0.62%) Impala
10 11 (0.62%) Oracle BI EE
11 10 (0.56%) QlikView
12 9 (0.51%) Apache Cassandra
12 9 (0.51%) Oracle Database
13 8 (0.45%) MySQL
14 7 (0.39%) DB2
14 7 (0.39%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 67 (3.77%) Jenkins
2 57 (3.21%) Git (software)
3 37 (2.08%) JIRA
4 36 (2.03%) Selenium
5 24 (1.35%) Cucumber
6 21 (1.18%) Maven
7 20 (1.13%) Metasploit
8 15 (0.84%) Burp Suite
8 15 (0.84%) gulp
9 12 (0.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 12 (0.68%) Octopus Deploy
10 11 (0.62%) GoCD
10 11 (0.62%) Jasmine
11 10 (0.56%) Bitbucket
11 10 (0.56%) Mocha
11 10 (0.56%) Sonatype Nexus
12 9 (0.51%) Grunt
13 8 (0.45%) Subversion
14 7 (0.39%) JMeter
14 7 (0.39%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 384 (21.61%) Finance
2 154 (8.67%) Banking
3 68 (3.83%) Retail
4 65 (3.66%) Legal
5 58 (3.26%) Telecoms
6 53 (2.98%) Financial Institution
7 47 (2.64%) Manufacturing
8 39 (2.19%) Law
9 33 (1.86%) Investment Banking
10 18 (1.01%) Marketing
10 18 (1.01%) Retail Banking
11 12 (0.68%) Automotive
12 9 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
13 7 (0.39%) Electronics
14 6 (0.34%) Advertising
15 5 (0.28%) Publishing
16 4 (0.23%) Aerospace
16 4 (0.23%) Military
17 2 (0.11%) Back Office
17 2 (0.11%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 279 (15.70%) Analyst
1 279 (15.70%) Architect
2 223 (12.55%) Consultant
3 200 (11.25%) Security Architect
4 176 (9.90%) Security Consultant
5 167 (9.40%) Security Manager
6 163 (9.17%) Security Analyst
7 139 (7.82%) Developer
8 125 (7.03%) Security Engineer
9 115 (6.47%) Project Manager
10 101 (5.68%) Cybersecurity Analyst
11 98 (5.51%) Cybersecurity Consultant
12 96 (5.40%) Cybersecurity Manager
13 90 (5.06%) Business Analyst
14 72 (4.05%) Security Project Manager
15 61 (3.43%) Cybersecurity Engineer
16 60 (3.38%) Cybersecurity Architect
17 53 (2.98%) Solutions Architect
18 51 (2.87%) Security Specialist
19 44 (2.48%) Project Manager - Cybersecurity
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (3.15%) .NET
2 53 (2.98%) Web Services
3 44 (2.48%) HTML
4 39 (2.19%) REST
5 35 (1.97%) AngularJS
5 35 (1.97%) Spring
6 30 (1.69%) Node.js
7 28 (1.58%) Kafka
8 26 (1.46%) React
9 23 (1.29%) CSS
9 23 (1.29%) SAML
10 21 (1.18%) RESTful
11 20 (1.13%) Elastic Stack
12 19 (1.07%) LDAP
12 19 (1.07%) RAML
13 17 (0.96%) HTML5
13 17 (0.96%) XML
14 15 (0.84%) Regular Expression
14 15 (0.84%) Sass
15 14 (0.79%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 185 (10.41%) Management Information System
2 118 (6.64%) Analytical Skills
3 99 (5.57%) Cyberthreat
4 78 (4.39%) Data Centre
5 75 (4.22%) Self-Motivation
6 53 (2.98%) PKI
7 50 (2.81%) Security Operations Centre
8 41 (2.31%) Cyberattack
9 33 (1.86%) Cyber Defence
10 31 (1.74%) User Experience
11 28 (1.58%) Public Cloud
12 26 (1.46%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 23 (1.29%) Greenfield Project
14 22 (1.24%) SCADA
15 21 (1.18%) Mobile App
16 16 (0.90%) Hybrid Cloud
17 15 (0.84%) CESG
18 14 (0.79%) Mainframe
19 13 (0.73%) Data Protection Act
20 12 (0.68%) Cybercrime
Operating Systems
1 205 (11.54%) Windows
2 193 (10.86%) Linux
3 62 (3.49%) Unix
4 59 (3.32%) Windows Server
5 36 (2.03%) Windows 10
6 32 (1.80%) Windows Server 2012
7 27 (1.52%) Apple iOS
8 24 (1.35%) Android
9 20 (1.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 19 (1.07%) Windows 7
11 14 (0.79%) Windows 8
12 12 (0.68%) Kali Linux
12 12 (0.68%) Windows Server 2008
13 11 (0.62%) Solaris
14 7 (0.39%) CentOS
14 7 (0.39%) Mac OS
14 7 (0.39%) zOS
15 6 (0.34%) Mac OS X
16 3 (0.17%) Windows Phone
16 3 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 444 (24.99%) Information Security
2 376 (21.16%) Agile Software Development
3 218 (12.27%) Risk Management
4 209 (11.76%) Security Architecture
5 205 (11.54%) SIEM
6 181 (10.19%) Stakeholder Management
7 164 (9.23%) Security Operations
8 152 (8.55%) Penetration Testing
9 149 (8.38%) DevOps
10 143 (8.05%) Analytics
11 130 (7.32%) Project Management
12 120 (6.75%) Data Protection
13 118 (6.64%) Vulnerability Management
14 105 (5.91%) Test Automation
15 99 (5.57%) ITIL
16 97 (5.46%) Identity Access Management
17 92 (5.18%) Problem-Solving
18 91 (5.12%) Threat Intelligence
19 90 (5.06%) Information Assurance
19 90 (5.06%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 169 (9.51%) Java
2 166 (9.34%) Python
3 104 (5.85%) SQL
4 81 (4.56%) PowerShell
5 80 (4.50%) C#
6 69 (3.88%) JavaScript
7 67 (3.77%) Ruby
8 65 (3.66%) Bash Shell
9 49 (2.76%) Perl
10 43 (2.42%) C
11 33 (1.86%) Go
12 21 (1.18%) C++
13 14 (0.79%) Scala
14 13 (0.73%) TypeScript
15 12 (0.68%) Lua
15 12 (0.68%) PHP
16 7 (0.39%) JCL
16 7 (0.39%) REXX
16 7 (0.39%) T-SQL
17 6 (0.34%) R
Qualifications
1 406 (22.85%) Security Cleared
2 333 (18.74%) CISSP
3 277 (15.59%) SC Cleared
4 226 (12.72%) CISM
5 166 (9.34%) Degree
6 145 (8.16%) CISA
7 121 (6.81%) DV Cleared
8 56 (3.15%) CESG Certified Professional
9 54 (3.04%) Cisco Certification
10 50 (2.81%) SANS
11 42 (2.36%) CRISC
11 42 (2.36%) GIAC
12 41 (2.31%) CEH
12 41 (2.31%) Computer Science Degree
13 36 (2.03%) GCIH
14 30 (1.69%) ISEB
15 27 (1.52%) CREST Certified
16 24 (1.35%) CompTIA Security+
17 23 (1.29%) BPSS Clearance
17 23 (1.29%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 208 (11.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 165 (9.29%) GDPR
3 64 (3.60%) PCI DSS
4 40 (2.25%) QA
5 31 (1.74%) COBIT
6 27 (1.52%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 21 (1.18%) JSP 440
7 21 (1.18%) PMO
8 19 (1.07%) Cyber Essentials
8 19 (1.07%) FINRA
9 17 (0.96%) Data Quality
10 16 (0.90%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 15 (0.84%) HMG Infosec
12 12 (0.68%) SLA
13 11 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 11 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 7 (0.39%) HIPAA
14 7 (0.39%) NIST 800
15 5 (0.28%) GxP
15 5 (0.28%) PSD2
System Software
1 117 (6.58%) Active Directory
2 64 (3.60%) Docker
3 24 (1.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.84%) VMware ESXi
5 9 (0.51%) Firmware
5 9 (0.51%) HDFS
6 8 (0.45%) Hyper-V
7 7 (0.39%) ACF2
7 7 (0.39%) RACF
7 7 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (0.39%) vSphere
8 6 (0.34%) Apache Flume
9 5 (0.28%) OpenAM
9 5 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (0.23%) BitLocker
10 4 (0.23%) Snort
10 4 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.17%) ProxySG
12 2 (0.11%) VMware Workstation
12 2 (0.11%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 46 (2.59%) Terraform
2 43 (2.42%) Nessus
3 35 (1.97%) Ansible
4 33 (1.86%) Kubernetes
4 33 (1.86%) Puppet
5 29 (1.63%) SCCM
6 28 (1.58%) QRadar
7 23 (1.29%) Network Intrusion Detection System
8 22 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
9 21 (1.18%) Host Intrusion Detection System
10 20 (1.13%) Single Sign-On
11 17 (0.96%) Kibana
11 17 (0.96%) Nmap
12 16 (0.90%) CASB
13 14 (0.79%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
14 13 (0.73%) Hadoop YARN
14 13 (0.73%) Oozie
15 11 (0.62%) ArcSight ESM
15 11 (0.62%) McAfee ePO
15 11 (0.62%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 180 (10.13%) Microsoft
2 99 (5.57%) Splunk
3 72 (4.05%) Oracle
4 60 (3.38%) McAfee
5 51 (2.87%) Cisco
6 46 (2.59%) ArcSight
7 40 (2.25%) Symantec
8 38 (2.14%) VMware
9 35 (1.97%) Cloudera
9 35 (1.97%) Google
10 34 (1.91%) AlienVault
11 32 (1.80%) SAP
12 27 (1.52%) CheckPoint
13 25 (1.41%) Hortonworks
14 24 (1.35%) Qualys
14 24 (1.35%) Varonis
15 23 (1.29%) Red Hat
16 21 (1.18%) MuleSoft
16 21 (1.18%) Sybase
17 19 (1.07%) CyberArk