Period
to 22 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 22 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 173 224 236
Rank change year-on-year +51 +12 +223
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,668 1,190 1,213
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.61% 1.20% 1.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.87% 1.40% 1.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,021 768 869
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% -2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £363 £329 £329
90th Percentile £688 £661 £722
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £463 £475
% change year-on-year +2.70% -2.63% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 14 6
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £46.25 £33.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.11% +37.04% -16.15%
10th Percentile £14.32 £18.69 £30.25
90th Percentile £67.50 £52.25 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £47.50 £32.50
% change year-on-year - +46.15% -19.25%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 89,046 85,202 89,754
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.22% 85.74% 85.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,741 56,485 59,254
UK median daily rate £454 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.89% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,410 2,040 2,437
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.93 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.75% +10.78% +3.97%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.43
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £25.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -18.00% +11.11% +3.07%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 22 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +47 1,514 £500 +2.56% 830
UK excluding London +48 837 £475 +2.70% 600
London +41 798 £525 +5.00% 294
South East +40 230 £500 +7.30% 135
North of England +4 204 £475 +5.56% 151
South West +31 119 £463 -15.14% 81
Yorkshire +8 109 £488 -1.52% 47
Scotland +13 105 £475 +11.76% 41
Midlands +5 96 £438 -7.89% 120
North West -10 81 £463 +3.93% 93
West Midlands +18 68 £438 -14.63% 74
East of England +14 60 £529 +26.65% 50
East Midlands +9 27 £419 -1.47% 46
Wales -6 23 £650 +11.83% 18
North East +20 18 £525 -50.00% 11
Northern Ireland - 1 - - 4

For the 6 months to 22 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 398 (23.86%) Finance
2 397 (23.80%) Information Security
3 360 (21.58%) Security Cleared
4 358 (21.46%) Agile Software Development
5 306 (18.35%) CISSP
6 238 (14.27%) SC Cleared
7 216 (12.95%) SIEM
8 207 (12.41%) Windows
9 199 (11.93%) Risk Management
10 195 (11.69%) Stakeholder Management
11 191 (11.45%) CISM
12 188 (11.27%) Microsoft
12 188 (11.27%) Firewall
13 187 (11.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 185 (11.09%) Linux
15 181 (10.85%) Security Architecture
16 165 (9.89%) Big Data
16 165 (9.89%) Degree
17 163 (9.77%) GDPR
18 162 (9.71%) Management Information System
18 162 (9.71%) Banking
19 148 (8.87%) Microsoft Azure
20 142 (8.51%) Java
21 140 (8.39%) Analytics
22 133 (7.97%) Python
23 132 (7.91%) Project Management
24 130 (7.79%) CISA
25 127 (7.61%) DevOps
25 127 (7.61%) Security Operations
26 121 (7.25%) ITIL

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
2 32 (1.92%) SharePoint
3 26 (1.56%) MS Exchange
4 22 (1.32%) Apache Spark
4 22 (1.32%) Confluence
5 18 (1.08%) Tomcat
6 15 (0.90%) Skype for Business
7 11 (0.66%) Exchange Server 2010
8 10 (0.60%) Apache
9 8 (0.48%) CMS
10 6 (0.36%) Apache Solr
11 3 (0.18%) Apache Pig
11 3 (0.18%) IIS
11 3 (0.18%) JBoss
12 2 (0.12%) Cloud Foundry
12 2 (0.12%) SharePoint 2010
12 2 (0.12%) SharePoint 2013
13 1 (0.060%) IBM Domino
13 1 (0.060%) OpenStack
13 1 (0.060%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 46 (2.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
3 41 (2.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (0.90%) MS Visio
5 8 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
6 7 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.060%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.060%) InVision
7 1 (0.060%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 11 (0.66%) Oracle EBS R12
1 11 (0.66%) Oracle FAH
2 3 (0.18%) Sentinel
3 1 (0.060%) Primavera
3 1 (0.060%) SAP IS-U
3 1 (0.060%) SystmOne
3 1 (0.060%) Unit4 Business World
3 1 (0.060%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 148 (8.87%) Microsoft Azure
2 120 (7.19%) Amazon AWS
3 52 (3.12%) SaaS
4 50 (3.00%) IaaS
5 46 (2.76%) Office 365
5 46 (2.76%) PaaS
6 33 (1.98%) Cloud Computing
7 27 (1.62%) Mimecast
8 22 (1.32%) AWS CloudFormation
8 22 (1.32%) GitHub
9 16 (0.96%) Azure Active Directory
10 14 (0.84%) Akamai
11 10 (0.60%) Google Cloud Platform
12 9 (0.54%) AWS CloudTrail
13 8 (0.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 8 (0.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 7 (0.42%) OneDrive
15 5 (0.30%) npm
16 4 (0.24%) Asana
16 4 (0.24%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 188 (11.27%) Firewall
2 112 (6.71%) Network Security
3 55 (3.30%) LAN
4 51 (3.06%) WAN
5 50 (3.00%) DNS
6 46 (2.76%) Internet
7 39 (2.34%) VPN
8 31 (1.86%) HTTP
9 29 (1.74%) TCP/IP
10 25 (1.50%) SSL
11 21 (1.26%) Intrusion Detection
12 17 (1.02%) Kerberos
12 17 (1.02%) Skype
12 17 (1.02%) Wireless
13 14 (0.84%) SAN
13 14 (0.84%) Unified Communications
14 13 (0.78%) SMS
15 12 (0.72%) VLAN
16 11 (0.66%) DMZ
16 11 (0.66%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 165 (9.89%) Big Data
2 80 (4.80%) Hadoop
3 59 (3.54%) SQL Server
4 27 (1.62%) Relational Database
5 19 (1.14%) Apache Hive
6 17 (1.02%) Neo4j
7 16 (0.96%) ArangoDB
8 14 (0.84%) Data Warehouse
8 14 (0.84%) HBase
8 14 (0.84%) PostgreSQL
9 13 (0.78%) Blockchain
10 12 (0.72%) MySQL
10 12 (0.72%) QlikView
11 11 (0.66%) Essbase
11 11 (0.66%) NoSQL
11 11 (0.66%) Oracle BI EE
11 11 (0.66%) Oracle Database
12 9 (0.54%) MongoDB
13 8 (0.48%) Data Mining
13 8 (0.48%) Impala
Development Applications
1 57 (3.42%) Jenkins
2 44 (2.64%) Git (software)
3 39 (2.34%) Selenium
4 37 (2.22%) JIRA
5 27 (1.62%) Cucumber
6 21 (1.26%) Maven
7 16 (0.96%) Team Foundation Server
8 12 (0.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 12 (0.72%) gulp
9 10 (0.60%) Bitbucket
9 10 (0.60%) Metasploit
10 9 (0.54%) Visual Studio
10 9 (0.54%) WebDriver
11 7 (0.42%) Jasmine
11 7 (0.42%) SpecFlow
11 7 (0.42%) Subversion
12 6 (0.36%) JUnit
12 6 (0.36%) Sonatype Nexus
13 5 (0.30%) Grunt
13 5 (0.30%) Mocha
General
1 398 (23.86%) Finance
2 162 (9.71%) Banking
3 75 (4.50%) Retail
4 72 (4.32%) Legal
5 62 (3.72%) Telecoms
6 50 (3.00%) Manufacturing
7 43 (2.58%) Financial Institution
8 32 (1.92%) Investment Banking
9 29 (1.74%) Law
10 19 (1.14%) Marketing
11 16 (0.96%) Retail Banking
12 12 (0.72%) Automotive
13 9 (0.54%) Electronics
14 8 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.36%) Publishing
16 5 (0.30%) Advertising
16 5 (0.30%) Back Office
17 4 (0.24%) Military
18 3 (0.18%) Games
19 2 (0.12%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 297 (17.81%) Analyst
2 271 (16.25%) Architect
3 194 (11.63%) Security Architect
4 159 (9.53%) Consultant
5 157 (9.41%) Security Analyst
6 147 (8.81%) Security Manager
7 122 (7.31%) Security Consultant
8 119 (7.13%) Project Manager
9 118 (7.07%) Developer
10 108 (6.47%) Security Engineer
11 92 (5.52%) Business Analyst
12 89 (5.34%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 76 (4.56%) Cybersecurity Manager
14 69 (4.14%) Security Project Manager
15 62 (3.72%) Cybersecurity Architect
16 57 (3.42%) Cybersecurity Engineer
17 50 (3.00%) Cybersecurity Consultant
17 50 (3.00%) Solutions Architect
18 47 (2.82%) DevOps Engineer
19 42 (2.52%) Information Security Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (3.30%) .NET
2 49 (2.94%) Web Services
3 46 (2.76%) HTML
4 37 (2.22%) AngularJS
4 37 (2.22%) REST
5 32 (1.92%) Kafka
5 32 (1.92%) Spring
6 28 (1.68%) React
7 24 (1.44%) SAML
8 21 (1.26%) Node.js
9 19 (1.14%) CSS
9 19 (1.14%) jQuery
9 19 (1.14%) Spring Boot
10 17 (1.02%) Middleware
11 16 (0.96%) LDAP
11 16 (0.96%) XML
12 14 (0.84%) Apache Camel
12 14 (0.84%) Regular Expression
13 13 (0.78%) Java EE
14 12 (0.72%) OAuth
Miscellaneous
1 162 (9.71%) Management Information System
2 119 (7.13%) Analytical Skills
3 88 (5.28%) Cyberthreat
4 79 (4.74%) Data Centre
5 77 (4.62%) Computer Science
6 74 (4.44%) Self-Motivation
7 53 (3.18%) PKI
8 46 (2.76%) Security Operations Centre
9 32 (1.92%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 29 (1.74%) Public Cloud
11 28 (1.68%) Cyber Defence
11 28 (1.68%) User Experience
12 23 (1.38%) Greenfield Project
13 22 (1.32%) Cyberattack
14 16 (0.96%) Data Protection Act
15 15 (0.90%) Hybrid Cloud
16 14 (0.84%) CESG
17 13 (0.78%) Virtual Team
18 12 (0.72%) SCADA
19 10 (0.60%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 207 (12.41%) Windows
2 185 (11.09%) Linux
3 64 (3.84%) Windows Server
4 59 (3.54%) Unix
5 40 (2.40%) Windows Server 2012
6 35 (2.10%) Windows 10
7 21 (1.26%) Apple iOS
7 21 (1.26%) Windows 7
8 20 (1.20%) Android
8 20 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 17 (1.02%) Windows Server 2008
10 12 (0.72%) CentOS
10 12 (0.72%) Solaris
11 9 (0.54%) Windows 8
12 7 (0.42%) Windows Server 2003
13 6 (0.36%) Mac OS X
14 5 (0.30%) Mac OS
15 3 (0.18%) AIX
15 3 (0.18%) Kali Linux
15 3 (0.18%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 397 (23.80%) Information Security
2 358 (21.46%) Agile Software Development
3 216 (12.95%) SIEM
4 199 (11.93%) Risk Management
5 195 (11.69%) Stakeholder Management
6 181 (10.85%) Security Architecture
7 140 (8.39%) Analytics
8 132 (7.91%) Project Management
9 127 (7.61%) DevOps
9 127 (7.61%) Security Operations
10 121 (7.25%) ITIL
11 111 (6.65%) Data Protection
12 103 (6.18%) Test Automation
13 100 (6.00%) Vulnerability Management
14 97 (5.82%) Penetration Testing
15 95 (5.70%) Identity Access Management
16 93 (5.58%) Problem-Solving
17 91 (5.46%) Scrum
18 80 (4.80%) Threat Intelligence
19 78 (4.68%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 142 (8.51%) Java
2 133 (7.97%) Python
3 103 (6.18%) SQL
4 84 (5.04%) PowerShell
5 77 (4.62%) C#
5 77 (4.62%) JavaScript
6 39 (2.34%) Bash Shell
7 38 (2.28%) C
8 37 (2.22%) Perl
9 36 (2.16%) Ruby
10 29 (1.74%) Go
11 24 (1.44%) C++
12 15 (0.90%) T-SQL
13 11 (0.66%) Scala
14 10 (0.60%) PHP
15 7 (0.42%) TypeScript
16 6 (0.36%) Java 8
16 6 (0.36%) VBA
17 5 (0.30%) R
17 5 (0.30%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 360 (21.58%) Security Cleared
2 306 (18.35%) CISSP
3 238 (14.27%) SC Cleared
4 191 (11.45%) CISM
5 165 (9.89%) Degree
6 130 (7.79%) CISA
7 83 (4.98%) DV Cleared
8 71 (4.26%) Cisco Certification
9 49 (2.94%) CESG Certified Professional
10 43 (2.58%) SANS
11 41 (2.46%) Computer Science Degree
12 40 (2.40%) GIAC
13 39 (2.34%) CEH
14 36 (2.16%) GCIH
15 35 (2.10%) CCNP
16 32 (1.92%) ISEB
17 31 (1.86%) CCNA
18 27 (1.62%) CRISC
19 26 (1.56%) CompTIA Security+
20 25 (1.50%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 187 (11.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 163 (9.77%) GDPR
3 70 (4.20%) PCI DSS
4 49 (2.94%) QA
5 33 (1.98%) COBIT
6 25 (1.50%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 22 (1.32%) Data Quality
8 20 (1.20%) PMO
9 19 (1.14%) JSP 440
10 16 (0.96%) Cyber Essentials
10 16 (0.96%) FINRA
10 16 (0.96%) HMG Infosec
11 14 (0.84%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 11 (0.66%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 11 (0.66%) NIST 800
13 10 (0.60%) HIPAA
13 10 (0.60%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 7 (0.42%) SLA
15 3 (0.18%) COSO
15 3 (0.18%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 118 (7.07%) Active Directory
2 51 (3.06%) Docker
3 29 (1.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 15 (0.90%) VMware ESXi
5 10 (0.60%) Hyper-V
6 8 (0.48%) HDFS
6 8 (0.48%) vSphere
7 7 (0.42%) Firmware
8 6 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.24%) Apache Flume
9 4 (0.24%) BitLocker
9 4 (0.24%) Virtual Desktop
9 4 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.24%) VMware Workstation
10 3 (0.18%) iptables
10 3 (0.18%) ProxySG
10 3 (0.18%) Snort
11 2 (0.12%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.12%) OpenDJ
11 2 (0.12%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 38 (2.28%) Terraform
2 30 (1.80%) Nessus
3 24 (1.44%) Network Intrusion Detection System
3 24 (1.44%) QRadar
4 23 (1.38%) SCCM
5 19 (1.14%) Host Intrusion Detection System
5 19 (1.14%) Single Sign-On
6 18 (1.08%) Puppet
7 16 (0.96%) CASB
7 16 (0.96%) Kubernetes
7 16 (0.96%) WSUS
8 14 (0.84%) Ansible
9 12 (0.72%) Kibana
10 11 (0.66%) CSIRT
10 11 (0.66%) McAfee ePO
11 10 (0.60%) ArcSight ESM
11 10 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
11 10 (0.60%) Oozie
12 8 (0.48%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
12 8 (0.48%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 188 (11.27%) Microsoft
2 93 (5.58%) Splunk
3 70 (4.20%) Oracle
4 58 (3.48%) Cisco
5 56 (3.36%) McAfee
6 43 (2.58%) ArcSight
7 41 (2.46%) VMware
8 39 (2.34%) Cloudera
8 39 (2.34%) Symantec
9 31 (1.86%) SAP
10 30 (1.80%) AlienVault
11 27 (1.62%) CheckPoint
12 24 (1.44%) CyberArk
13 22 (1.32%) Hortonworks
13 22 (1.32%) Red Hat
14 21 (1.26%) Google
14 21 (1.26%) Varonis
15 19 (1.14%) HP
15 19 (1.14%) Sybase
16 17 (1.02%) Intel