Period
to 29 October 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 29 October 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
29 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 77 111 177
Rank change year-on-year +34 +66 +44
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 987 1,874 1,661
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.02% 2.20% 1.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.49% 2.54% 1.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 641 1,280 1,032
Median daily rate £515 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.00% - +2.56%
10th Percentile £325 £356 £363
90th Percentile £688 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £481 £500 £475
% change year-on-year -3.85% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 35 17
Median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -10.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £20.50 £18.80 £20.55
90th Percentile £68.50 £60.00 £67.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £50.00
% change year-on-year +5.88% -15.00% +5.26%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 28,273 73,635 90,235
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.42% 86.54% 87.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,829 48,347 59,629
Median daily rate £475 £475 £455
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.40% +1.11%
10th Percentile £298 £300 £300
90th Percentile £663 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £438 £425
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,009 2,309 2,420
Median hourly rate £35.00 £23.75 £21.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.37% +12.08% -10.78%
10th Percentile £12.37 £11.85 £11.18
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.00
Median hourly rate £27.00 £22.50 £20.50
% change year-on-year +20.00% +9.76% -14.58%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 29 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 29 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 29 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +30 855 £501 +0.10% 397
UK excluding London +45 457 £481 -3.85% 273
London +39 430 £530 -3.64% 137
Work from Home +2 171 £525 +5.00% 61
South West +32 129 £468 -6.40% 47
South East +36 93 £500 - 81
Midlands +64 78 £550 +4.76% 30
North of England +30 68 £500 +12.86% 64
Scotland +34 53 £575 +10.58% 8
East Midlands +72 39 £525 -12.50% 6
West Midlands +32 38 £563 +9.22% 24
North West +24 35 £488 +8.33% 37
Yorkshire +34 31 £575 +43.75% 24
East of England +45 25 £500 -2.44% 36
Wales +23 10 £375 -21.05% 5
North East +30 2 £303 +102.00% 3
Northern Ireland +6 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 29 October 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 266 (26.95%) Security Cleared
2 243 (24.62%) Information Security
3 217 (21.99%) SC Cleared
4 196 (19.86%) Finance
5 190 (19.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 187 (18.95%) Azure
7 177 (17.93%) SIEM
8 171 (17.33%) CISSP
9 152 (15.40%) Agile Software Development
10 141 (14.29%) Windows
11 138 (13.98%) Microsoft
12 133 (13.48%) Public Sector
13 131 (13.27%) NIST
14 126 (12.77%) Risk Management
15 116 (11.75%) AWS
16 114 (11.55%) Management Information System
16 114 (11.55%) Python
17 111 (11.25%) Firewall
18 109 (11.04%) CISM
19 107 (10.84%) Vulnerability Management
20 104 (10.54%) Linux
20 104 (10.54%) Security Operations
21 102 (10.33%) Analytical Skills
22 98 (9.93%) Security Architecture
23 93 (9.42%) Active Directory
24 77 (7.80%) Penetration Testing
25 75 (7.60%) Degree
25 75 (7.60%) Project Management
25 75 (7.60%) Information Assurance
26 74 (7.50%) Splunk

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (2.43%) IIS
1 24 (2.43%) SharePoint
2 20 (2.03%) Apache
3 17 (1.72%) Confluence
4 13 (1.32%) Tomcat
5 9 (0.91%) Apache Solr
6 8 (0.81%) Umbraco
7 5 (0.51%) Elasticsearch
8 3 (0.30%) MS Exchange
8 3 (0.30%) nginx
8 3 (0.30%) Skype for Business
9 2 (0.20%) Apache Spark
10 1 (0.10%) BizTalk Server
10 1 (0.10%) CMS
10 1 (0.10%) EPiServer
10 1 (0.10%) Exchange Server 2010
10 1 (0.10%) Mule
10 1 (0.10%) TIBCO ActiveMatrix
Applications
1 34 (3.44%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (1.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (1.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.30%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.20%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.20%) Sketch
6 1 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.10%) InfoPath
6 1 (0.10%) LibreOffice
6 1 (0.10%) OrCAD
6 1 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 9 (0.91%) Sentinel
1 9 (0.91%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 4 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.20%) PeopleSoft HCM
4 1 (0.10%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.10%) Maximo
4 1 (0.10%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.10%) SAP GRC
4 1 (0.10%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
4 1 (0.10%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 187 (18.95%) Azure
2 116 (11.75%) AWS
3 60 (6.08%) Office 365
4 55 (5.57%) SaaS
5 39 (3.95%) GCP
6 21 (2.13%) Azure Active Directory
7 20 (2.03%) PaaS
8 18 (1.82%) Power Platform
9 17 (1.72%) IaaS
10 16 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
11 11 (1.11%) Amazon EC2
11 11 (1.11%) Amazon S3
12 10 (1.01%) Amazon Cognito
12 10 (1.01%) Serverless
13 9 (0.91%) PowerApps
14 7 (0.71%) AWS CloudFormation
14 7 (0.71%) GitHub
14 7 (0.71%) OneDrive
15 6 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
15 6 (0.61%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 111 (11.25%) Firewall
2 73 (7.40%) Network Security
3 40 (4.05%) TCP/IP
4 35 (3.55%) DNS
5 26 (2.63%) Intrusion Detection
6 24 (2.43%) WAN
7 23 (2.33%) SSL
8 20 (2.03%) LAN
9 17 (1.72%) HTTP
10 14 (1.42%) Internet
10 14 (1.42%) Wireshark
11 13 (1.32%) Skype
11 13 (1.32%) VoIP
12 12 (1.22%) VPN
13 11 (1.11%) VLAN
14 10 (1.01%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
14 10 (1.01%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
14 10 (1.01%) SAN
15 9 (0.91%) X.509
16 8 (0.81%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (3.55%) SQL Server
2 23 (2.33%) Big Data
3 13 (1.32%) SQL Server 2016
4 10 (1.01%) Power BI
5 7 (0.71%) MySQL
6 6 (0.61%) Amazon RDS
6 6 (0.61%) Oracle Reports
6 6 (0.61%) SAP HANA
7 5 (0.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 5 (0.51%) Tableau
8 3 (0.30%) Data Lake
9 2 (0.20%) Blockchain
9 2 (0.20%) GIS
9 2 (0.20%) Hadoop
9 2 (0.20%) PostgreSQL
10 1 (0.10%) Apache Cassandra
10 1 (0.10%) NoSQL
10 1 (0.10%) QlikView
10 1 (0.10%) Relational Database
10 1 (0.10%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 28 (2.84%) Jenkins
2 27 (2.74%) JIRA
3 20 (2.03%) Git (software)
4 10 (1.01%) Octopus Deploy
4 10 (1.01%) Selenium
5 9 (0.91%) GoCD
6 6 (0.61%) Artifactory
7 5 (0.51%) Hudson
8 4 (0.41%) Bitbucket
8 4 (0.41%) GitLab
9 3 (0.30%) TeamCity
10 2 (0.20%) Axure RP
10 2 (0.20%) Jasmine
10 2 (0.20%) JUnit
10 2 (0.20%) Karma Test Runner
10 2 (0.20%) MSI
10 2 (0.20%) Snyk
10 2 (0.20%) Terragrunt
11 1 (0.10%) fastlane
11 1 (0.10%) Protractor
General
1 196 (19.86%) Finance
2 133 (13.48%) Public Sector
3 66 (6.69%) Banking
4 43 (4.36%) Legal
5 40 (4.05%) Telecoms
6 34 (3.44%) Manufacturing
7 31 (3.14%) Retail
8 17 (1.72%) Aerospace
9 15 (1.52%) Marketing
10 14 (1.42%) Investment Banking
11 12 (1.22%) Retail Banking
12 9 (0.91%) Electronics
12 9 (0.91%) Military
12 9 (0.91%) Pharmaceutical
13 8 (0.81%) Law
14 7 (0.71%) Financial Institution
15 4 (0.41%) Local Government
16 2 (0.20%) Automotive
16 2 (0.20%) International Banking
17 1 (0.10%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 172 (17.43%) Architect
2 151 (15.30%) Analyst
3 124 (12.56%) Consultant
4 111 (11.25%) Security Engineer
5 103 (10.44%) Security Analyst
6 98 (9.93%) Security Architect
7 88 (8.92%) Security Consultant
8 71 (7.19%) Cybersecurity Analyst
9 53 (5.37%) Cybersecurity Consultant
10 49 (4.96%) Security Manager
11 43 (4.36%) Cybersecurity Architect
12 41 (4.15%) Cybersecurity Engineer
13 37 (3.75%) Developer
14 35 (3.55%) Cloud Architect
14 35 (3.55%) Cybersecurity Manager
14 35 (3.55%) Solutions Architect
15 30 (3.04%) Project Manager
16 28 (2.84%) Business Analyst
17 25 (2.53%) Security Specialist
18 24 (2.43%) Cybersecurity Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (2.53%) .NET
2 22 (2.23%) SAML
3 21 (2.13%) Web Services
4 15 (1.52%) HTML
4 15 (1.52%) Middleware
4 15 (1.52%) RabbitMQ
5 13 (1.32%) 802.1X
5 13 (1.32%) CSS
6 12 (1.22%) AngularJS
7 11 (1.11%) Kafka
7 11 (1.11%) LDAP
8 10 (1.01%) React
8 10 (1.01%) SailPoint
8 10 (1.01%) Spring
9 9 (0.91%) Node.js
9 9 (0.91%) OAuth
10 8 (0.81%) Elastic Stack
11 7 (0.71%) OpenID
12 6 (0.61%) REST
12 6 (0.61%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 114 (11.55%) Management Information System
2 102 (10.33%) Analytical Skills
3 50 (5.07%) Cyberthreat
4 28 (2.84%) Public Cloud
5 27 (2.74%) Security Operations Centre
6 26 (2.63%) Data Centre
7 19 (1.93%) Self-Motivation
8 17 (1.72%) NHS
8 17 (1.72%) User Experience
9 16 (1.62%) Cyber Kill Chain
10 13 (1.32%) PKI
11 11 (1.11%) Analytical Mindset
12 10 (1.01%) CESG
12 10 (1.01%) FMCG
13 9 (0.91%) Greenfield Project
14 8 (0.81%) Cyber Defence
14 8 (0.81%) Cyberattack
14 8 (0.81%) Mobile App
15 7 (0.71%) Data Protection Act
15 7 (0.71%) SCADA
Operating Systems
1 141 (14.29%) Windows
2 104 (10.54%) Linux
3 35 (3.55%) Windows Server
4 31 (3.14%) Unix
5 19 (1.93%) Windows 10
6 18 (1.82%) Windows Server 2016
7 12 (1.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 9 (0.91%) Apple iOS
9 7 (0.71%) Windows XP
10 4 (0.41%) Android
10 4 (0.41%) CentOS
10 4 (0.41%) Solaris
11 3 (0.30%) AIX
11 3 (0.30%) Windows 7
11 3 (0.30%) Windows 8
11 3 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.20%) HPUX
12 2 (0.20%) Mac OS
12 2 (0.20%) SUSE
12 2 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 243 (24.62%) Information Security
2 177 (17.93%) SIEM
3 152 (15.40%) Agile Software Development
4 126 (12.77%) Risk Management
5 107 (10.84%) Vulnerability Management
6 104 (10.54%) Security Operations
7 98 (9.93%) Security Architecture
8 77 (7.80%) Penetration Testing
9 75 (7.60%) Information Assurance
9 75 (7.60%) Project Management
10 73 (7.40%) ITIL
11 72 (7.29%) DevOps
12 71 (7.19%) Security Monitoring
13 70 (7.09%) Stakeholder Management
14 68 (6.89%) Threat Intelligence
15 64 (6.48%) Cyber Threat Intelligence
16 63 (6.38%) Problem-Solving
17 60 (6.08%) Incident Management
18 57 (5.78%) Data Protection
18 57 (5.78%) Identity Access Management
Programming Languages
1 114 (11.55%) Python
2 66 (6.69%) PowerShell
3 62 (6.28%) Java
4 52 (5.27%) SQL
5 37 (3.75%) JavaScript
6 33 (3.34%) Bash Shell
7 27 (2.74%) Perl
8 24 (2.43%) C++
9 21 (2.13%) C
10 18 (1.82%) C#
10 18 (1.82%) Ruby
11 13 (1.32%) PHP
11 13 (1.32%) VB.NET
12 12 (1.22%) Shell Script
13 6 (0.61%) PL/SQL
13 6 (0.61%) VBScript
14 4 (0.41%) T-SQL
14 4 (0.41%) TypeScript
15 3 (0.30%) VB
15 3 (0.30%) VB6
Qualifications
1 266 (26.95%) Security Cleared
2 217 (21.99%) SC Cleared
3 171 (17.33%) CISSP
4 109 (11.04%) CISM
5 75 (7.60%) Degree
6 71 (7.19%) DV Cleared
7 58 (5.88%) Cisco Certification
8 55 (5.57%) CESG Certified Professional
9 44 (4.46%) CISA
10 35 (3.55%) CCNA
10 35 (3.55%) GIAC
11 29 (2.94%) CEH
12 27 (2.74%) CCNP
12 27 (2.74%) CRISC
13 23 (2.33%) SANS
14 21 (2.13%) GCIH
15 19 (1.93%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 19 (1.93%) BPSS Clearance
16 17 (1.72%) CCIE
17 16 (1.62%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 190 (19.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 131 (13.27%) NIST
3 66 (6.69%) NCSC
4 52 (5.27%) GDPR
5 51 (5.17%) Cyber Essentials
6 31 (3.14%) SLA
7 30 (3.04%) QA
8 29 (2.94%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 28 (2.84%) JSP 440
10 27 (2.74%) PCI DSS
11 25 (2.53%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 23 (2.33%) COBIT
13 19 (1.93%) NIST 800
14 15 (1.52%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
14 15 (1.52%) HIPAA
15 13 (1.32%) PMO
16 12 (1.22%) RMADS
17 9 (0.91%) Sarbanes-Oxley
18 5 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 20000
19 3 (0.30%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 93 (9.42%) Active Directory
2 42 (4.26%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (2.94%) Docker
4 16 (1.62%) VMware NSX
5 13 (1.32%) Virtual Machines
6 10 (1.01%) vSphere
7 8 (0.81%) XenApp
8 7 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
9 6 (0.61%) NDS
9 6 (0.61%) NetIQ eDirectory
9 6 (0.61%) OpenAM
10 5 (0.51%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.41%) iptables
12 2 (0.20%) DFS Replication
12 2 (0.20%) Microsoft App-V
12 2 (0.20%) ProxySG
12 2 (0.20%) Terminal Server
12 2 (0.20%) vCloud
13 1 (0.10%) NFS
13 1 (0.10%) RACF
Systems Management
1 46 (4.66%) Ansible
2 34 (3.44%) Puppet
3 33 (3.34%) SCCM
4 31 (3.14%) Terraform
5 30 (3.04%) Kubernetes
6 25 (2.53%) Opscode Chef
7 21 (2.13%) Microsoft Intune
7 21 (2.13%) Single Sign-On
8 15 (1.52%) WSUS
9 13 (1.32%) QRadar
10 12 (1.22%) HP ALM
10 12 (1.22%) HP Fortify
11 10 (1.01%) Network Intrusion Detection System
12 9 (0.91%) CASB
12 9 (0.91%) Nexpose
12 9 (0.91%) Rundeck
13 8 (0.81%) Nessus
14 7 (0.71%) logstash
15 6 (0.61%) FreeIPA
15 6 (0.61%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 138 (13.98%) Microsoft
2 74 (7.50%) Splunk
3 55 (5.57%) VMware
4 50 (5.07%) Cisco
5 31 (3.14%) Google
6 30 (3.04%) ArcSight
6 30 (3.04%) ServiceNow
7 29 (2.94%) Qualys
7 29 (2.94%) SAP
8 27 (2.74%) Oracle
9 22 (2.23%) McAfee
10 19 (1.93%) CyberArk
11 18 (1.82%) Citrix
12 17 (1.72%) HP
13 16 (1.62%) F5
14 15 (1.52%) Micro Focus
15 14 (1.42%) Red Hat
16 12 (1.22%) Atlassian
16 12 (1.22%) LogRhythm
16 12 (1.22%) Palo Alto