Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 16 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
16 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 75 84 106
Rank change year-on-year +9 +22 +28
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 2,718 1,589 1,148
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.11% 2.80% 2.30%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.48% 3.17% 2.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,889 1,112 710
10th Percentile £388 £363 £363
25th Percentile £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% - -
75th Percentile £675 £625 £625
90th Percentile £763 £725 £726
UK excluding London median daily rate £550 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 30 34
10th Percentile £17.40 £13.20 £30.00
25th Percentile £26.25 £25.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate £41.95 £47.50 £53.00
Median % change year-on-year -11.68% -10.38% +15.22%
75th Percentile £61.50 £61.59 £62.85
90th Percentile £68.30 £65.00 £69.92
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £47.50 £51.50
% change year-on-year +10.52% -7.77% +11.96%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,188 50,186 43,031
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.43% 88.34% 86.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,941 34,382 28,647
10th Percentile £350 £311 £290
25th Percentile £431 £400 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £535 £493 £475
Median % change year-on-year +8.63% +3.68% -
75th Percentile £638 £588 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £485 £440 £450
% change year-on-year +10.23% -2.22% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,743 1,469 1,330
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.02 £12.42
25th Percentile £16.25 £15.50 £15.95
Median hourly rate £28.41 £26.00 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.27% +18.18% -2.22%
75th Percentile £51.75 £46.50 £46.00
90th Percentile £65.71 £59.80 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £22.50 £20.03
% change year-on-year -2.22% +12.36% -10.60%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 16 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 16 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +5 2,122 £570 +8.57% 766
Work from Home +20 1,363 £575 +9.52% 272
London +4 1,176 £575 +6.48% 301
UK excluding London -5 918 £550 +10.00% 529
South East +5 234 £550 +22.22% 126
Midlands +16 178 £550 +4.76% 88
South West -10 166 £565 +7.62% 58
West Midlands +25 159 £550 +8.91% 54
North of England -38 146 £568 +6.07% 119
Scotland +11 108 £563 +25.00% 41
North West -17 90 £625 +17.92% 62
Yorkshire -32 54 £450 -15.29% 47
East of England -19 43 £568 +13.50% 63
Wales +3 41 £548 -2.58% 26
East Midlands -19 17 £500 - 32
North East -5 4 £413 -31.25% 10

For the 6 months to 16 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 665 (24.47%) Finance
2 655 (24.10%) Agile
3 631 (23.22%) Azure
4 549 (20.20%) Security Cleared
5 532 (19.57%) Information Security
6 518 (19.06%) Social Skills
7 481 (17.70%) SC Cleared
8 405 (14.90%) Microsoft
9 383 (14.09%) Stakeholder Management
10 363 (13.36%) DevOps
11 361 (13.28%) Risk Management
12 354 (13.02%) AWS
13 332 (12.21%) CISSP
14 330 (12.14%) Firewall
15 303 (11.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 300 (11.04%) NIST
17 294 (10.82%) SIEM
18 272 (10.01%) Linux
19 261 (9.60%) Windows
19 261 (9.60%) Python
20 251 (9.23%) Banking
21 244 (8.98%) Project Management
22 240 (8.83%) Security Architecture
23 238 (8.76%) Network Security
24 218 (8.02%) Security Operations
25 211 (7.76%) Public Sector
26 206 (7.58%) Management Information System
26 206 (7.58%) Active Directory
27 202 (7.43%) CISM
28 201 (7.40%) Degree

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 99 (3.64%) Confluence
2 97 (3.57%) SharePoint
3 52 (1.91%) Apache
4 36 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
5 28 (1.03%) Apache Spark
6 27 (0.99%) OpenStack
7 16 (0.59%) MS Exchange
7 16 (0.59%) nginx
8 7 (0.26%) IIS
9 6 (0.22%) JBoss
10 5 (0.18%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (0.15%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 3 (0.11%) Tomcat
12 3 (0.11%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.11%) WildFly
13 2 (0.074%) CMS
13 2 (0.074%) SharePoint 2010
13 2 (0.074%) SharePoint Server
13 2 (0.074%) Skype for Business
13 2 (0.074%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 60 (2.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (1.77%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 40 (1.47%) Microsoft Office
4 31 (1.14%) MS Visio
5 30 (1.10%) Microsoft Project
6 12 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.037%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 27 (0.99%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.70%) Sentinel
3 3 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
3 3 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 2 (0.074%) NetSuite
4 2 (0.074%) Oracle Financials
4 2 (0.074%) SAP CO
4 2 (0.074%) SAP FI
4 2 (0.074%) SAP FI/CO
4 2 (0.074%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 2 (0.074%) SAP SD
5 1 (0.037%) Adobe Campaign
5 1 (0.037%) assyst
5 1 (0.037%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.037%) Eloqua
5 1 (0.037%) Maximo
5 1 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.037%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.037%) SAP EHS
5 1 (0.037%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 631 (23.22%) Azure
2 354 (13.02%) AWS
3 190 (6.99%) Microsoft 365
4 176 (6.48%) SaaS
5 121 (4.45%) GCP
6 94 (3.46%) Power Platform
7 93 (3.42%) IaaS
8 90 (3.31%) PaaS
9 84 (3.09%) Serverless
10 56 (2.06%) Azure Active Directory
11 47 (1.73%) Azure Data Factory
12 39 (1.43%) Amazon S3
13 36 (1.32%) Dynamics 365
14 35 (1.29%) Azure Logic Apps
15 34 (1.25%) Azure Functions
16 30 (1.10%) Azure Sentinel
17 29 (1.07%) PowerApps
18 28 (1.03%) Azure Synapse Analytics
19 26 (0.96%) Azure Monitor
20 22 (0.81%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 330 (12.14%) Firewall
2 238 (8.76%) Network Security
3 77 (2.83%) DNS
4 75 (2.76%) WAN
5 67 (2.47%) LAN
6 60 (2.21%) VPN
7 57 (2.10%) TCP/IP
8 50 (1.84%) Internet
9 41 (1.51%) Intrusion Detection
10 39 (1.43%) Wi-Fi
11 35 (1.29%) DHCP
12 34 (1.25%) SSL
13 30 (1.10%) Wireless
14 22 (0.81%) X.509
15 16 (0.59%) HTTP
15 16 (0.59%) IPsec
16 15 (0.55%) VoIP
17 14 (0.52%) Cisco ASA
17 14 (0.52%) Ethernet
17 14 (0.52%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (3.86%) Big Data
2 59 (2.17%) SQL Server
3 56 (2.06%) Power BI
4 46 (1.69%) Data Lake
5 41 (1.51%) Data Warehouse
6 39 (1.43%) PostgreSQL
7 35 (1.29%) MySQL
8 24 (0.88%) MongoDB
9 20 (0.74%) GIS
10 17 (0.63%) Relational Database
11 16 (0.59%) NoSQL
12 15 (0.55%) HBase
13 14 (0.52%) Hadoop
13 14 (0.52%) Metadata
14 13 (0.48%) Apache Cassandra
14 13 (0.48%) Azure SQL Database
14 13 (0.48%) RDBMS
15 10 (0.37%) Redis
15 10 (0.37%) Tableau
16 8 (0.29%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 131 (4.82%) JIRA
2 74 (2.72%) Jenkins
3 55 (2.02%) Git (software)
4 36 (1.32%) GitLab
5 19 (0.70%) Bitbucket
6 13 (0.48%) Cucumber
6 13 (0.48%) Subversion
7 10 (0.37%) Log4j
7 10 (0.37%) SonarQube
8 8 (0.29%) Sonatype Nexus
9 7 (0.26%) Burp Suite
9 7 (0.26%) Selenium
10 5 (0.18%) Arsenale Dataplane
10 5 (0.18%) IDA Disassembler
10 5 (0.18%) Maven
10 5 (0.18%) Oracle Forms
10 5 (0.18%) TestRail
11 4 (0.15%) JUnit
11 4 (0.15%) TestNG
12 3 (0.11%) Metasploit
General
1 665 (24.47%) Finance
2 518 (19.06%) Social Skills
3 251 (9.23%) Banking
4 211 (7.76%) Public Sector
5 200 (7.36%) Analytical Skills
6 113 (4.16%) Telecoms
7 103 (3.79%) Legal
8 72 (2.65%) Manufacturing
9 63 (2.32%) Presentation Skills
10 54 (1.99%) Retail
11 50 (1.84%) Marketing
12 47 (1.73%) Investment Banking
13 37 (1.36%) Law
14 35 (1.29%) Influencing Skills
15 34 (1.25%) Automotive
16 33 (1.21%) Organisational Skills
17 27 (0.99%) Documentation Skills
17 27 (0.99%) Electronics
18 24 (0.88%) Inclusion and Diversity
19 23 (0.85%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 494 (18.18%) Architect
2 401 (14.75%) Analyst
3 278 (10.23%) Project Manager
4 272 (10.01%) Security Manager
5 246 (9.05%) Security Architect
6 215 (7.91%) Security Engineer
7 190 (6.99%) Security Analyst
8 184 (6.77%) Consultant
9 165 (6.07%) Cybersecurity Manager
10 156 (5.74%) Solutions Architect
11 153 (5.63%) Business Analyst
12 144 (5.30%) Security Project Manager
13 132 (4.86%) Security Consultant
14 116 (4.27%) Developer
15 114 (4.19%) Cybersecurity Analyst
15 114 (4.19%) Project Manager - Cybersecurity
16 111 (4.08%) DevOps Engineer
17 74 (2.72%) Cloud Architect
18 70 (2.58%) Cybersecurity Engineer
19 68 (2.50%) IT Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 69 (2.54%) .NET
2 55 (2.02%) Kafka
3 50 (1.84%) SAML
4 45 (1.66%) React
5 41 (1.51%) Apache NiFi
5 41 (1.51%) Spring
5 41 (1.51%) Spring Boot
6 37 (1.36%) HTML
7 34 (1.25%) OAuth
8 28 (1.03%) LDAP
9 27 (0.99%) CSS
10 24 (0.88%) Web Services
11 21 (0.77%) AngularJS
11 21 (0.77%) Middleware
12 20 (0.74%) HTML5
12 20 (0.74%) SailPoint
13 19 (0.70%) Spark Streaming
14 18 (0.66%) Node.js
15 17 (0.63%) REST
16 16 (0.59%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 206 (7.58%) Management Information System
2 85 (3.13%) Data Centre
3 84 (3.09%) Cyberthreat
4 70 (2.58%) Security Operations Centre
5 69 (2.54%) Public Cloud
6 61 (2.24%) User Experience
7 56 (2.06%) PKI
8 37 (1.36%) NHS
9 33 (1.21%) Cyber Defence
9 33 (1.21%) IoT
9 33 (1.21%) Virtual Team
10 32 (1.18%) Cloud Native
10 32 (1.18%) Data Protection Act
11 31 (1.14%) Cyberattack
11 31 (1.14%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 27 (0.99%) Self-Motivation
13 24 (0.88%) Private Cloud
14 21 (0.77%) Legacy Systems
15 20 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
16 19 (0.70%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 272 (10.01%) Linux
2 261 (9.60%) Windows
3 88 (3.24%) Unix
4 53 (1.95%) Windows Server
5 45 (1.66%) Windows 10
6 32 (1.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 22 (0.81%) Android
8 17 (0.63%) Ubuntu
9 12 (0.44%) Mac OS
10 9 (0.33%) Apple iOS
10 9 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
11 8 (0.29%) AIX
11 8 (0.29%) CentOS
12 5 (0.18%) Debian
12 5 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
13 4 (0.15%) Windows 7
13 4 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
15 2 (0.074%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 655 (24.10%) Agile
2 532 (19.57%) Information Security
3 383 (14.09%) Stakeholder Management
4 363 (13.36%) DevOps
5 361 (13.28%) Risk Management
6 294 (10.82%) SIEM
7 244 (8.98%) Project Management
8 240 (8.83%) Security Architecture
9 218 (8.02%) Security Operations
10 199 (7.32%) Analytics
11 184 (6.77%) Change Management
12 180 (6.62%) CI/CD
13 178 (6.55%) Vulnerability Management
14 170 (6.25%) Application Security
15 155 (5.70%) ITIL
16 154 (5.67%) Problem-Solving
17 152 (5.59%) Identity Access Management
18 146 (5.37%) Scrum
19 139 (5.11%) Data Protection
19 139 (5.11%) Project Delivery
Programming Languages
1 261 (9.60%) Python
2 172 (6.33%) Java
3 137 (5.04%) SQL
4 112 (4.12%) PowerShell
5 81 (2.98%) JavaScript
6 60 (2.21%) C#
7 57 (2.10%) Bash
8 43 (1.58%) C
9 23 (0.85%) Perl
10 22 (0.81%) C++
11 21 (0.77%) Go
12 14 (0.52%) Ruby
13 13 (0.48%) PHP
14 11 (0.40%) Groovy
15 10 (0.37%) Rust
16 9 (0.33%) Shell Script
17 7 (0.26%) Search Processing Language
17 7 (0.26%) VBA
17 7 (0.26%) VBScript
18 6 (0.22%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 549 (20.20%) Security Cleared
2 481 (17.70%) SC Cleared
3 332 (12.21%) CISSP
4 202 (7.43%) CISM
5 201 (7.40%) Degree
6 189 (6.95%) DV Cleared
7 72 (2.65%) CISA
8 67 (2.47%) CRISC
9 64 (2.35%) Cisco Certification
10 51 (1.88%) CESG Certified Professional
11 49 (1.80%) PMP
12 47 (1.73%) CEH
13 46 (1.69%) FFIEC
14 39 (1.43%) GIAC
15 34 (1.25%) PMI Certification
16 30 (1.10%) (ISC)2 CCSP
17 29 (1.07%) SANS
18 23 (0.85%) CCNA
18 23 (0.85%) Computer Science Degree
19 22 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 303 (11.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 300 (11.04%) NIST
3 121 (4.45%) GDPR
4 87 (3.20%) GRC
5 85 (3.13%) NCSC
6 79 (2.91%) PCI DSS
7 68 (2.50%) Cyber Essentials
8 66 (2.43%) QA
9 65 (2.39%) PMO
10 59 (2.17%) Data Quality
11 43 (1.58%) COBIT
12 36 (1.32%) GLBA
13 33 (1.21%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 29 (1.07%) SLA
15 28 (1.03%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 28 (1.03%) JSP 440
16 25 (0.92%) NIST 800
17 21 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27005
18 19 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
18 19 (0.70%) RMADS
System Software
1 206 (7.58%) Active Directory
2 148 (5.45%) Docker
3 61 (2.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.88%) Hyper-V
5 14 (0.52%) vCloud
6 13 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
7 12 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
7 12 (0.44%) vSphere
8 9 (0.33%) Virtual Servers
8 9 (0.33%) VMware Workstation
9 8 (0.29%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 7 (0.26%) KVM
11 6 (0.22%) Xen
12 5 (0.18%) iptables
13 4 (0.15%) HDFS
13 4 (0.15%) Varnish
13 4 (0.15%) VMware NSX
14 2 (0.074%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 2 (0.074%) NFS
14 2 (0.074%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 167 (6.14%) Ansible
2 166 (6.11%) Kubernetes
3 118 (4.34%) Terraform
4 37 (1.36%) Puppet
4 37 (1.36%) Single Sign-On
5 36 (1.32%) Microsoft Intune
6 32 (1.18%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 31 (1.14%) SCCM
8 29 (1.07%) QRadar
9 21 (0.77%) Nessus
10 20 (0.74%) Prometheus
11 19 (0.70%) CASB
12 16 (0.59%) Grafana
13 15 (0.55%) CSIRT
13 15 (0.55%) Opscode Chef
14 14 (0.52%) RSA Archer
15 10 (0.37%) Avamar
15 10 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
15 10 (0.37%) Nexpose
15 10 (0.37%) Packer
Vendors
1 405 (14.90%) Microsoft
2 162 (5.96%) Splunk
3 137 (5.04%) VMware
4 96 (3.53%) Cisco
5 81 (2.98%) SAP
6 70 (2.58%) Google
7 65 (2.39%) CyberArk
8 49 (1.80%) ServiceNow
9 48 (1.77%) Oracle
10 46 (1.69%) Palo Alto
11 42 (1.55%) Databricks
12 33 (1.21%) CheckPoint
13 30 (1.10%) Symantec
14 27 (0.99%) Qualys
15 24 (0.88%) CA
16 22 (0.81%) Citrix
16 22 (0.81%) McAfee
17 21 (0.77%) Red Hat
18 20 (0.74%) F5
18 20 (0.74%) HP