Period
to 21 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 21 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
21 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 124 170 234
Rank change year-on-year +46 +64 +62
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,874 1,677 1,043
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.03% 1.61% 1.09%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.33% 1.86% 1.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,177 1,057 695
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -6.86%
10th Percentile £363 £358 £306
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 23 18
UK median hourly rate £47.00 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.44% - -3.74%
10th Percentile £34.10 £29.00 £16.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £67.50 £52.18
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.00 £47.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year -1.05% - +3.26%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,292 90,243 82,237
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.90% 86.62% 85.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,833 59,549 53,822
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +1.12% +4.71%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,288 2,483 2,155
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £21.90 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.16% -12.40% +4.17%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.17 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.45
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £21.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +14.29% -16.00% -

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 21 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 21 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 21 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +50 1,763 £533 +6.50% 885
UK excluding London +40 947 £500 +5.26% 706
London +43 886 £563 +7.14% 255
South East +54 308 £500 - 152
North of England +17 221 £450 -5.26% 172
South West +32 168 £500 +11.11% 111
Yorkshire -10 109 £450 -5.26% 58
North West +48 104 £450 +5.26% 102
Midlands -9 87 £525 +16.67% 119
East of England +41 80 £513 -3.07% 77
West Midlands -2 69 £463 +2.78% 92
Scotland -1 60 £400 -5.88% 31
Wales +16 28 £450 -10.00% 30
East Midlands +7 15 £625 +38.89% 27
North East +21 8 £525 -22.22% 12
Northern Ireland +8 2 £438 +280.43% 15

For the 6 months to 21 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 524 (27.96%) Finance
2 452 (24.12%) Information Security
3 346 (18.46%) Security Cleared
4 297 (15.85%) Agile Software Development
5 280 (14.94%) CISSP
6 266 (14.19%) SIEM
7 258 (13.77%) Security Operations
8 257 (13.71%) Firewall
9 230 (12.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 227 (12.11%) Amazon AWS
11 226 (12.06%) Stakeholder Management
12 222 (11.85%) Windows
12 222 (11.85%) SC Cleared
13 213 (11.37%) Linux
14 206 (10.99%) Security Architecture
15 204 (10.89%) Microsoft Azure
16 189 (10.09%) Management Information System
17 179 (9.55%) Risk Management
18 164 (8.75%) Change Management
19 161 (8.59%) Degree
20 158 (8.43%) Banking
21 156 (8.32%) DevOps
22 153 (8.16%) Microsoft
23 152 (8.11%) Vulnerability Management
24 150 (8.00%) CISM
25 140 (7.47%) DV Cleared
26 139 (7.42%) Project Management
27 138 (7.36%) GDPR
28 125 (6.67%) Analytics
29 124 (6.62%) Java

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (1.92%) SharePoint
2 26 (1.39%) Confluence
3 20 (1.07%) MS Exchange
3 20 (1.07%) Skype for Business
4 19 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
5 9 (0.48%) IIS
6 8 (0.43%) Apache
7 3 (0.16%) Apache Spark
7 3 (0.16%) CMS
7 3 (0.16%) OpenStack
8 2 (0.11%) Apache Pig
8 2 (0.11%) Apache Solr
8 2 (0.11%) Camunda
8 2 (0.11%) Exchange Server 2007
8 2 (0.11%) nginx
8 2 (0.11%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 2 (0.11%) SAS
8 2 (0.11%) SharePoint 2010
9 1 (0.053%) IBM Domino
9 1 (0.053%) Tomcat
Applications
1 68 (3.63%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
3 12 (0.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.59%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.53%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.21%) Camtasia
7 3 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 1 (0.053%) Open Workbench
8 1 (0.053%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 8 (0.43%) Dynamics CRM
1 8 (0.43%) Salesforce.com CRM
2 2 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
2 2 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.053%) SAP S/4HANA
3 1 (0.053%) SAP SCM
3 1 (0.053%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 227 (12.11%) Amazon AWS
2 204 (10.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 93 (4.96%) Office 365
4 50 (2.67%) Google Cloud Platform
5 40 (2.13%) PaaS
6 38 (2.03%) IaaS
7 33 (1.76%) SaaS
8 24 (1.28%) Azure Active Directory
9 21 (1.12%) GitHub
10 20 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
11 19 (1.01%) AWS CloudFormation
12 14 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
13 11 (0.59%) Amazon S3
14 10 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
14 10 (0.53%) Serverless
15 7 (0.37%) Amazon ECS
15 7 (0.37%) OpenShift
15 7 (0.37%) Power Platform
16 6 (0.32%) Mimecast
17 5 (0.27%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 257 (13.71%) Firewall
2 121 (6.46%) Network Security
3 60 (3.20%) Internet
3 60 (3.20%) WAN
4 53 (2.83%) LAN
5 47 (2.51%) VPN
6 46 (2.45%) TCP/IP
7 45 (2.40%) Intrusion Detection
8 34 (1.81%) DNS
9 25 (1.33%) VoIP
10 20 (1.07%) Skype
11 17 (0.91%) Intranet
11 17 (0.91%) Wireless
12 16 (0.85%) Wireshark
13 15 (0.80%) DHCP
13 15 (0.80%) SSL
14 12 (0.64%) HTTP
14 12 (0.64%) MPLS
14 12 (0.64%) SAN
14 12 (0.64%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (3.74%) Big Data
2 26 (1.39%) NoSQL
3 21 (1.12%) SQL Server
4 16 (0.85%) Relational Database
5 15 (0.80%) Blockchain
6 13 (0.69%) Couchbase
7 12 (0.64%) Data Lake
8 11 (0.59%) Data Warehouse
8 11 (0.59%) Hadoop
9 9 (0.48%) MongoDB
9 9 (0.48%) PostgreSQL
10 8 (0.43%) MySQL
11 6 (0.32%) DB2
11 6 (0.32%) RDBMS
12 5 (0.27%) Amazon Redshift
13 4 (0.21%) Apache Hive
13 4 (0.21%) Redis
14 3 (0.16%) Apache Cassandra
14 3 (0.16%) Oracle Database 11g
14 3 (0.16%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 62 (3.31%) Jenkins
2 58 (3.09%) Git (software)
3 47 (2.51%) JIRA
4 27 (1.44%) Cucumber
5 24 (1.28%) Selenium
6 19 (1.01%) Sonatype Nexus
7 18 (0.96%) Burp Suite
8 16 (0.85%) Visual Studio Team System
9 15 (0.80%) Bitbucket
9 15 (0.80%) Metasploit
10 12 (0.64%) GitLab
10 12 (0.64%) Visual Studio
11 10 (0.53%) JUnit
12 8 (0.43%) GoCD
12 8 (0.43%) Octopus Deploy
13 6 (0.32%) Jasmine
14 5 (0.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 5 (0.27%) Maven
14 5 (0.27%) Mocha
14 5 (0.27%) Mockito
General
1 524 (27.96%) Finance
2 158 (8.43%) Banking
3 89 (4.75%) Telecoms
4 81 (4.32%) Law
5 74 (3.95%) Legal
5 74 (3.95%) Retail
6 70 (3.74%) Manufacturing
7 65 (3.47%) Financial Institution
8 35 (1.87%) Marketing
9 19 (1.01%) Electronics
10 15 (0.80%) Military
11 10 (0.53%) Pharmaceutical
12 9 (0.48%) Advertising
13 8 (0.43%) Investment Banking
14 7 (0.37%) German Language
15 6 (0.32%) Games
15 6 (0.32%) Retail Banking
16 3 (0.16%) Billing
16 3 (0.16%) Multimedia
16 3 (0.16%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 359 (19.16%) Analyst
2 277 (14.78%) Architect
3 239 (12.75%) Security Analyst
4 215 (11.47%) Consultant
5 206 (10.99%) Security Architect
6 193 (10.30%) Security Manager
7 153 (8.16%) Security Consultant
8 149 (7.95%) Project Manager
9 138 (7.36%) Cybersecurity Analyst
10 134 (7.15%) Business Analyst
11 124 (6.62%) Security Engineer
12 123 (6.56%) Cybersecurity Manager
13 102 (5.44%) Cybersecurity Consultant
14 100 (5.34%) Developer
15 91 (4.86%) Security Project Manager
16 67 (3.58%) Cybersecurity Engineer
17 64 (3.42%) Project Manager - Cybersecurity
18 63 (3.36%) Cybersecurity Architect
19 51 (2.72%) Security Specialist
20 45 (2.40%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (3.42%) Web Services
2 51 (2.72%) .NET
3 39 (2.08%) RESTful
4 30 (1.60%) OpenID
4 30 (1.60%) SAML
5 28 (1.49%) Middleware
6 27 (1.44%) OAuth
7 25 (1.33%) CSS
8 24 (1.28%) Elastic Stack
8 24 (1.28%) HTML
9 23 (1.23%) REST
10 22 (1.17%) Node.js
11 21 (1.12%) Kafka
12 20 (1.07%) Spring
13 18 (0.96%) AngularJS
14 17 (0.91%) LDAP
15 15 (0.80%) .NET Framework
16 14 (0.75%) Akka
16 14 (0.75%) Play Framework
17 12 (0.64%) React
Miscellaneous
1 189 (10.09%) Management Information System
2 111 (5.92%) Analytical Skills
3 100 (5.34%) Security Operations Centre
4 59 (3.15%) Cyberthreat
5 57 (3.04%) Cyberattack
6 41 (2.19%) Data Centre
7 30 (1.60%) PKI
8 28 (1.49%) CESG
8 28 (1.49%) Public Cloud
9 24 (1.28%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 22 (1.17%) Self-Motivation
10 22 (1.17%) User Experience
11 20 (1.07%) Mobile App
12 18 (0.96%) Cyber Defence
12 18 (0.96%) SCADA
12 18 (0.96%) Virtual Team
13 17 (0.91%) Enterprise Software
14 16 (0.85%) Hybrid Cloud
15 15 (0.80%) Data Protection Act
16 11 (0.59%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 222 (11.85%) Windows
2 213 (11.37%) Linux
3 54 (2.88%) Unix
4 43 (2.29%) Windows Server
5 27 (1.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 19 (1.01%) Windows 10
7 16 (0.85%) Windows Server 2008
8 14 (0.75%) Solaris
9 13 (0.69%) Kali Linux
10 12 (0.64%) Apple iOS
11 10 (0.53%) Windows 7
11 10 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
12 9 (0.48%) Windows Server 2003
13 8 (0.43%) Android
14 7 (0.37%) Windows XP
15 6 (0.32%) AIX
15 6 (0.32%) Ubuntu
16 3 (0.16%) CentOS
16 3 (0.16%) Mac OS X
17 2 (0.11%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 452 (24.12%) Information Security
2 297 (15.85%) Agile Software Development
3 266 (14.19%) SIEM
4 258 (13.77%) Security Operations
5 226 (12.06%) Stakeholder Management
6 206 (10.99%) Security Architecture
7 179 (9.55%) Risk Management
8 164 (8.75%) Change Management
9 156 (8.32%) DevOps
10 152 (8.11%) Vulnerability Management
11 139 (7.42%) Project Management
12 125 (6.67%) Analytics
13 118 (6.30%) Identity Access Management
14 116 (6.19%) Data Security
14 116 (6.19%) Digital Transformation Programme
15 104 (5.55%) Penetration Testing
16 93 (4.96%) Problem-Solving
17 90 (4.80%) ITIL
18 85 (4.54%) Risk Assessment
19 82 (4.38%) Information Assurance
Programming Languages
1 124 (6.62%) Java
2 115 (6.14%) Python
3 83 (4.43%) SQL
4 59 (3.15%) C
5 52 (2.77%) JavaScript
6 50 (2.67%) PowerShell
7 45 (2.40%) C#
8 42 (2.24%) Bash Shell
9 29 (1.55%) C++
10 23 (1.23%) Scala
11 22 (1.17%) Ruby
12 20 (1.07%) Perl
13 15 (0.80%) PHP
14 12 (0.64%) TypeScript
15 11 (0.59%) Go
16 7 (0.37%) Shell Script
17 6 (0.32%) Java 8
17 6 (0.32%) VBScript
18 4 (0.21%) Groovy
19 3 (0.16%) VBA
Qualifications
1 346 (18.46%) Security Cleared
2 280 (14.94%) CISSP
3 222 (11.85%) SC Cleared
4 161 (8.59%) Degree
5 150 (8.00%) CISM
6 140 (7.47%) DV Cleared
7 75 (4.00%) CISA
7 75 (4.00%) SANS
8 56 (2.99%) Cisco Certification
9 49 (2.61%) CEH
10 45 (2.40%) CESG Certified Professional
11 36 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
12 33 (1.76%) GIAC
13 29 (1.55%) CRISC
13 29 (1.55%) OSCP
14 28 (1.49%) CCNP
15 26 (1.39%) ISEB
16 23 (1.23%) ISTQB
16 23 (1.23%) TOGAF Certification
17 22 (1.17%) CLAS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 230 (12.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 138 (7.36%) GDPR
3 119 (6.35%) NIST
4 94 (5.02%) PCI DSS
5 60 (3.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 40 (2.13%) COBIT
6 40 (2.13%) Cyber Essentials
7 38 (2.03%) QA
8 31 (1.65%) NCSC
9 28 (1.49%) PMO
10 20 (1.07%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 16 (0.85%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 16 (0.85%) SLA
12 14 (0.75%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 13 (0.69%) Data Quality
13 13 (0.69%) JSP 440
14 12 (0.64%) RMADS
15 10 (0.53%) ISO 9001
16 8 (0.43%) NIST 800
16 8 (0.43%) PSD2
System Software
1 109 (5.82%) Active Directory
2 79 (4.22%) Docker
3 19 (1.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 17 (0.91%) Hyper-V
5 13 (0.69%) vSphere
6 10 (0.53%) XenApp
7 9 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
7 9 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
7 9 (0.48%) XenDesktop
8 6 (0.32%) Firmware
8 6 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (0.21%) OpenAM
9 4 (0.21%) VMware NSX
10 3 (0.16%) ISA Server
10 3 (0.16%) Snort
11 2 (0.11%) BitLocker
11 2 (0.11%) ProxySG
11 2 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
12 1 (0.053%) Oracle RAC
12 1 (0.053%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 78 (4.16%) Kubernetes
2 58 (3.09%) Ansible
3 49 (2.61%) Terraform
4 41 (2.19%) Nessus
5 37 (1.97%) Puppet
6 34 (1.81%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (1.81%) Single Sign-On
7 32 (1.71%) QRadar
8 20 (1.07%) Nmap
9 18 (0.96%) SELinux
10 17 (0.91%) CASB
11 15 (0.80%) Marathon
11 15 (0.80%) Mesos
12 14 (0.75%) Norton AntiVirus
12 14 (0.75%) SCCM
13 9 (0.48%) RSA Archer
14 8 (0.43%) Microsoft Intune
15 7 (0.37%) Network Intrusion Detection System
16 6 (0.32%) CSIRT
16 6 (0.32%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 153 (8.16%) Microsoft
2 124 (6.62%) Splunk
3 62 (3.31%) Cisco
4 45 (2.40%) Qualys
5 43 (2.29%) Google
6 40 (2.13%) VMware
7 38 (2.03%) McAfee
8 33 (1.76%) Apple
9 31 (1.65%) IBM
10 29 (1.55%) AlienVault
10 29 (1.55%) Palo Alto
11 28 (1.49%) Symantec
12 27 (1.44%) Red Hat
13 25 (1.33%) CheckPoint
14 23 (1.23%) SAP
15 22 (1.17%) Oracle
16 19 (1.01%) ArcSight
17 17 (0.91%) Atlassian
17 17 (0.91%) MuleSoft
18 16 (0.85%) Juniper