Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 86 80 118
Rank change year-on-year -6 +38 +62
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 2,355 949 1,848
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.83% 3.08% 2.17%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.18% 3.53% 2.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,657 592 1,239
10th Percentile £400 £343 £350
25th Percentile £466 £425 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £513 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.32% +2.50% -
75th Percentile £663 £612 £600
90th Percentile £750 £688 £706
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £481 £475
% change year-on-year +9.20% +1.21% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 13 31
10th Percentile £34.48 £23.70 £18.50
25th Percentile £47.50 £42.50 £21.28
Median hourly rate £60.00 £62.50 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.00% +25.00% -
75th Percentile £75.25 £65.00 £57.50
90th Percentile £76.20 £67.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £63.50 £58.75 £48.75
% change year-on-year +8.09% +20.51% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 74,089 26,880 74,281
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.09% 87.11% 87.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,464 18,196 49,739
10th Percentile £320 £300 £300
25th Percentile £413 £378 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £510 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +7.37% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £575
90th Percentile £700 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £458 £445 £438
% change year-on-year +2.81% +1.71% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,676 767 2,169
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.75 £11.50
25th Percentile £14.50 £15.50 £14.85
Median hourly rate £24.90 £25.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year -0.40% +11.11% +15.38%
75th Percentile £49.63 £45.00 £45.00
90th Percentile £63.75 £55.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.55 £22.50 £22.34
% change year-on-year -8.67% +0.74% +17.55%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -10 1,918 £560 +11.89% 871
London +6 1,120 £579 +7.72% 301
UK excluding London -19 792 £525 +9.20% 630
Work from Home -31 582 £575 +9.52% 132
North of England +8 181 £533 +3.85% 147
South East -21 178 £538 +7.50% 129
South West -15 155 £575 +21.05% 93
Scotland -25 118 £450 -21.74% 39
North West +1 98 £560 +12.00% 85
Midlands -59 93 £525 -4.55% 116
West Midlands -37 73 £544 -5.43% 85
Yorkshire -18 62 £495 -15.74% 49
East of England -15 51 £450 +11.94% 80
North East +11 22 £550 +81.52% 13
Wales -13 21 £451 -9.80% 17
East Midlands -55 20 £425 -22.73% 31

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 586 (24.88%) Finance
2 553 (23.48%) Azure
3 509 (21.61%) Agile Software Development
4 502 (21.32%) Security Cleared
5 486 (20.64%) Information Security
6 467 (19.83%) Social Skills
7 442 (18.77%) AWS
8 415 (17.62%) SC Cleared
9 372 (15.80%) DevOps
10 358 (15.20%) CISSP
11 292 (12.40%) Risk Management
12 269 (11.42%) Microsoft
12 269 (11.42%) Security Architecture
13 263 (11.17%) SIEM
14 253 (10.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 253 (10.74%) Firewall
15 241 (10.23%) Python
16 240 (10.19%) Public Sector
17 237 (10.06%) Linux
18 228 (9.68%) Security Operations
19 216 (9.17%) Banking
19 216 (9.17%) Degree
20 215 (9.13%) GCP
21 214 (9.09%) Network Security
22 212 (9.00%) Stakeholder Management
23 207 (8.79%) NIST
24 199 (8.45%) Windows
25 194 (8.24%) Vulnerability Management
26 191 (8.11%) Java
27 180 (7.64%) Project Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 56 (2.38%) Confluence
2 41 (1.74%) Apache
2 41 (1.74%) SharePoint
3 37 (1.57%) OpenStack
4 20 (0.85%) Elasticsearch
5 12 (0.51%) Tomcat
6 9 (0.38%) IIS
6 9 (0.38%) nginx
7 8 (0.34%) Drupal
8 7 (0.30%) Apache Spark
8 7 (0.30%) MS Exchange
9 5 (0.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 5 (0.21%) Anypoint
10 4 (0.17%) Skype for Business
11 3 (0.13%) Appian
11 3 (0.13%) CMS
11 3 (0.13%) Exchange Server 2010
11 3 (0.13%) SAS
12 2 (0.085%) Camunda
12 2 (0.085%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 43 (1.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (1.61%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (0.98%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 16 (0.68%) MS Visio
5 11 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
6 10 (0.42%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.085%) Simulink
8 1 (0.042%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.042%) Figma
8 1 (0.042%) InVision
8 1 (0.042%) Open Workbench
8 1 (0.042%) OrCAD
8 1 (0.042%) Sketch
8 1 (0.042%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 18 (0.76%) Sentinel
2 9 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.25%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 3 (0.13%) iTrent
4 3 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
5 2 (0.085%) Oracle BPM
5 2 (0.085%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.085%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.042%) SAP CCM
Cloud Services
1 553 (23.48%) Azure
2 442 (18.77%) AWS
3 215 (9.13%) GCP
4 135 (5.73%) Microsoft 365
5 125 (5.31%) SaaS
6 76 (3.23%) IaaS
7 67 (2.85%) PaaS
8 58 (2.46%) Serverless
9 43 (1.83%) Azure Active Directory
10 41 (1.74%) Power Platform
11 39 (1.66%) AWS CloudFormation
12 38 (1.61%) GitHub
13 32 (1.36%) Azure Sentinel
14 25 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
14 25 (1.06%) OpenShift
15 18 (0.76%) Azure Data Factory
16 15 (0.64%) Google Workspace
17 13 (0.55%) Dynamics 365
18 12 (0.51%) Amazon GuardDuty
19 10 (0.42%) Azure Logic Apps
Communications & Networking
1 253 (10.74%) Firewall
2 214 (9.09%) Network Security
3 77 (3.27%) DNS
4 70 (2.97%) VPN
5 69 (2.93%) WAN
6 59 (2.51%) TCP/IP
7 58 (2.46%) LAN
8 48 (2.04%) SSL
9 40 (1.70%) Internet
10 37 (1.57%) Intrusion Detection
11 34 (1.44%) Wi-Fi
12 26 (1.10%) DHCP
12 26 (1.10%) HTTP
13 24 (1.02%) VoIP
14 21 (0.89%) IPsec
15 18 (0.76%) SD-WAN
15 18 (0.76%) Wireless
16 12 (0.51%) X.509
17 11 (0.47%) Cisco ASA
18 10 (0.42%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 74 (3.14%) Big Data
2 47 (2.00%) SQL Server
3 45 (1.91%) Hadoop
4 34 (1.44%) Power BI
5 19 (0.81%) Apache Hive
6 18 (0.76%) Amazon RDS
6 18 (0.76%) MySQL
7 16 (0.68%) Data Lake
8 15 (0.64%) Oracle Database
8 15 (0.64%) Pentaho
9 13 (0.55%) Relational Database
9 13 (0.55%) Tableau
10 11 (0.47%) Data Warehouse
11 8 (0.34%) PostgreSQL
12 7 (0.30%) Couchbase
12 7 (0.30%) MongoDB
12 7 (0.30%) Oracle Reports
13 6 (0.25%) Blockchain
13 6 (0.25%) RDBMS
14 5 (0.21%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 103 (4.37%) JIRA
2 92 (3.91%) Jenkins
3 64 (2.72%) Git (software)
4 36 (1.53%) Sonatype Nexus
5 34 (1.44%) GitLab
6 24 (1.02%) Bitbucket
7 23 (0.98%) Artifactory
7 23 (0.98%) Maven
8 15 (0.64%) SonarQube
9 12 (0.51%) Burp Suite
9 12 (0.51%) Selenium
10 7 (0.30%) Gradle
10 7 (0.30%) Snyk
10 7 (0.30%) Visual Studio
11 6 (0.25%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 5 (0.21%) git-flow
12 5 (0.21%) JMeter
12 5 (0.21%) SoapUI
12 5 (0.21%) TeamCity
13 4 (0.17%) CircleCI
General
1 586 (24.88%) Finance
2 467 (19.83%) Social Skills
3 240 (10.19%) Public Sector
4 216 (9.17%) Banking
5 121 (5.14%) Analytical Skills
6 90 (3.82%) Telecoms
7 88 (3.74%) Legal
8 77 (3.27%) Presentation Skills
9 48 (2.04%) Marketing
10 46 (1.95%) Law
11 41 (1.74%) Financial Institution
12 36 (1.53%) Influencing Skills
13 34 (1.44%) Manufacturing
14 30 (1.27%) Organisational Skills
15 27 (1.15%) Electronics
16 23 (0.98%) Investment Banking
17 21 (0.89%) Retail Banking
18 20 (0.85%) Games
19 18 (0.76%) Retail
20 16 (0.68%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 434 (18.43%) Architect
2 310 (13.16%) Analyst
3 281 (11.93%) Security Engineer
4 278 (11.80%) Security Architect
5 239 (10.15%) Consultant
6 188 (7.98%) Security Consultant
7 159 (6.75%) Security Analyst
8 155 (6.58%) Project Manager
8 155 (6.58%) Security Manager
9 112 (4.76%) Developer
10 109 (4.63%) Cybersecurity Manager
11 103 (4.37%) DevOps Engineer
12 99 (4.20%) Cybersecurity Analyst
13 84 (3.57%) Solutions Architect
14 81 (3.44%) Business Analyst
14 81 (3.44%) Cybersecurity Engineer
15 74 (3.14%) Security Project Manager
16 68 (2.89%) Cybersecurity Consultant
17 66 (2.80%) Cloud Engineer
18 64 (2.72%) Cloud Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 59 (2.51%) Kafka
2 58 (2.46%) OAuth
3 51 (2.17%) Web Services
4 49 (2.08%) SAML
5 43 (1.83%) .NET
6 35 (1.49%) REST
7 31 (1.32%) Apache NiFi
8 30 (1.27%) OAuth2
9 27 (1.15%) Middleware
10 25 (1.06%) OpenID
11 24 (1.02%) AngularJS
12 22 (0.93%) React
12 22 (0.93%) Spring
13 21 (0.89%) RESTful
14 20 (0.85%) SailPoint
15 19 (0.81%) Flask
15 19 (0.81%) HTML
15 19 (0.81%) LDAP
15 19 (0.81%) SOAP
16 16 (0.68%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 153 (6.50%) Management Information System
2 95 (4.03%) Data Protection Act
3 88 (3.74%) Cyberthreat
4 80 (3.40%) Data Centre
5 74 (3.14%) Public Cloud
6 65 (2.76%) Security Operations Centre
7 39 (1.66%) Cloud Native
7 39 (1.66%) Hybrid Cloud
8 38 (1.61%) Self-Motivation
9 35 (1.49%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 32 (1.36%) Cyber Defence
10 32 (1.36%) PKI
11 31 (1.32%) Cyberattack
11 31 (1.32%) Hedge funds
12 28 (1.19%) User Experience
13 20 (0.85%) CESG
13 20 (0.85%) Mobile App
14 19 (0.81%) Enterprise Cloud
15 17 (0.72%) Client/Server
16 16 (0.68%) Cyber Kill Chain
Operating Systems
1 237 (10.06%) Linux
2 199 (8.45%) Windows
3 60 (2.55%) Unix
4 52 (2.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 51 (2.17%) Windows Server
6 32 (1.36%) Windows 10
7 19 (0.81%) Android
8 17 (0.72%) Ubuntu
9 16 (0.68%) Apple iOS
10 14 (0.59%) Mac OS
11 10 (0.42%) Solaris
12 8 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
13 7 (0.30%) Kali Linux
14 6 (0.25%) AIX
14 6 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
15 5 (0.21%) CentOS
15 5 (0.21%) Debian
15 5 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
16 4 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
16 4 (0.17%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 509 (21.61%) Agile Software Development
2 486 (20.64%) Information Security
3 372 (15.80%) DevOps
4 292 (12.40%) Risk Management
5 269 (11.42%) Security Architecture
6 263 (11.17%) SIEM
7 228 (9.68%) Security Operations
8 212 (9.00%) Stakeholder Management
9 194 (8.24%) Vulnerability Management
10 180 (7.64%) Project Management
11 177 (7.52%) Data Protection
12 137 (5.82%) Identity Access Management
13 126 (5.35%) Continuous Improvement
13 126 (5.35%) Project Delivery
14 124 (5.27%) Analytics
15 121 (5.14%) ITIL
15 121 (5.14%) Threat Modelling
16 113 (4.80%) Test Automation
17 112 (4.76%) Computer Science
18 110 (4.67%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 241 (10.23%) Python
2 191 (8.11%) Java
3 118 (5.01%) SQL
4 106 (4.50%) JavaScript
5 95 (4.03%) PowerShell
6 70 (2.97%) C++
7 53 (2.25%) C
8 44 (1.87%) Scala
9 42 (1.78%) C#
10 28 (1.19%) Bash Shell
11 21 (0.89%) Go
12 13 (0.55%) Ruby
12 13 (0.55%) VBA
13 12 (0.51%) Shell Script
14 10 (0.42%) Perl
15 8 (0.34%) PL/SQL
16 6 (0.25%) Search Processing Language
17 5 (0.21%) PHP
17 5 (0.21%) T-SQL
18 4 (0.17%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 502 (21.32%) Security Cleared
2 415 (17.62%) SC Cleared
3 358 (15.20%) CISSP
4 216 (9.17%) Degree
5 173 (7.35%) CISM
6 138 (5.86%) DV Cleared
7 63 (2.68%) CESG Certified Professional
7 63 (2.68%) Cisco Certification
8 61 (2.59%) CRISC
9 59 (2.51%) CISA
10 43 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
11 39 (1.66%) CEH
12 38 (1.61%) SANS
13 34 (1.44%) GIAC
14 33 (1.40%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 32 (1.36%) BPSS Clearance
16 28 (1.19%) PMP
17 25 (1.06%) CCNA
18 24 (1.02%) PMI Certification
19 23 (0.98%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 253 (10.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 207 (8.79%) NIST
3 149 (6.33%) GDPR
4 87 (3.69%) NCSC
5 75 (3.18%) GRC
6 70 (2.97%) PCI DSS
7 48 (2.04%) Cyber Essentials
8 45 (1.91%) QA
9 38 (1.61%) PMO
10 37 (1.57%) NIST 800
11 34 (1.44%) COBIT
12 27 (1.15%) SOC 2
13 24 (1.02%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 22 (0.93%) JSP 440
14 22 (0.93%) SLA
15 19 (0.81%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
16 18 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 18 (0.76%) RMADS
16 18 (0.76%) Sarbanes-Oxley
17 14 (0.59%) Data Quality
System Software
1 158 (6.71%) Docker
2 135 (5.73%) Active Directory
3 55 (2.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (1.32%) Hyper-V
5 22 (0.93%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (0.68%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 15 (0.64%) vCloud
8 11 (0.47%) RACF
9 10 (0.42%) VMware Workstation
10 6 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
11 4 (0.17%) Firmware
11 4 (0.17%) IAG
11 4 (0.17%) iptables
11 4 (0.17%) KVM
11 4 (0.17%) vSphere
11 4 (0.17%) Xen
12 3 (0.13%) HDFS
12 3 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
12 3 (0.13%) VMware NSX
12 3 (0.13%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 180 (7.64%) Kubernetes
2 154 (6.54%) Terraform
3 136 (5.77%) Ansible
4 44 (1.87%) Single Sign-On
5 35 (1.49%) Microsoft Intune
6 32 (1.36%) Puppet
7 28 (1.19%) Nessus
8 23 (0.98%) QRadar
9 20 (0.85%) SCCM
10 18 (0.76%) Active Directory Federation Services
11 17 (0.72%) RSA Archer
12 16 (0.68%) CSIRT
13 14 (0.59%) Kibana
14 12 (0.51%) Grafana
14 12 (0.51%) Opscode Chef
14 12 (0.51%) Prometheus
15 10 (0.42%) Network Intrusion Detection System
16 7 (0.30%) CASB
16 7 (0.30%) Jamf Pro
16 7 (0.30%) Packer
Vendors
1 269 (11.42%) Microsoft
2 128 (5.44%) Splunk
3 114 (4.84%) Google
4 102 (4.33%) VMware
5 74 (3.14%) Cisco
6 53 (2.25%) Red Hat
7 49 (2.08%) Oracle
8 41 (1.74%) CyberArk
9 39 (1.66%) SAP
10 34 (1.44%) McAfee
11 29 (1.23%) ServiceNow
12 26 (1.10%) Citrix
13 25 (1.06%) Qualys
14 21 (0.89%) CheckPoint
15 20 (0.85%) Palo Alto
16 19 (0.81%) CA
17 16 (0.68%) Atlassian
17 16 (0.68%) CrowdStrike
17 16 (0.68%) Databricks
17 16 (0.68%) Salesforce.com