Period
to 12 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 12 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Cybersecurity
UK
6 months to
12 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 87 128 170
Rank change year-on-year +41 +42 +71
Contract jobs citing Cybersecurity 1,047 1,869 1,681
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.55% 1.99% 1.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.97% 2.28% 1.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 629 1,183 1,076
Median daily rate £500 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £341 £363 £358
90th Percentile £725 £710 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 21 22
Median hourly rate £53.75 £46.00 £44.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.85% +2.79% -0.56%
10th Percentile £19.00 £34.00 £28.93
90th Percentile £70.19 £60.00 £67.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.25 £46.00 £46.25
% change year-on-year +9.24% -0.54% -

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,206 81,851 90,274
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.83% 87.05% 86.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,165 53,899 59,500
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,218 2,314 2,463
Median hourly rate £31.61 £24.96 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.66% +16.08% -14.00%
10th Percentile £12.76 £11.85 £11.17
90th Percentile £54.00 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £24.20 £24.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +0.81% +20.00% -20.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Daily rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity.

Hourly rate trend for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Cybersecurity in the UK

Cybersecurity
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the UK over the 6 months to 12 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +34 943 £500 -6.98% 261
UK excluding London +69 625 £500 - 191
London +10 381 £540 -4.00% 95
North of England +46 147 £550 +22.22% 53
South West +55 144 £481 -3.85% 38
South East +27 117 £470 -6.00% 28
Midlands +89 93 £525 +5.00% 23
North West +51 87 £600 +33.33% 27
West Midlands +62 58 £575 +24.32% 15
East of England +52 57 £500 -1.23% 23
Scotland +65 55 £575 +43.75% 14
Work from Home +3 55 £475 -2.56% 33
Yorkshire +26 52 £500 +1.88% 18
East Midlands +77 35 £431 -29.59% 7
Wales +22 14 £413 -8.33% 7
North East +38 8 £516 -1.67% 8
Northern Ireland +21 2 - - 6

For the 6 months to 12 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 233 (22.25%) Information Security
2 232 (22.16%) Finance
3 205 (19.58%) Security Cleared
4 184 (17.57%) Windows
5 169 (16.14%) CISSP
6 166 (15.85%) SC Cleared
7 154 (14.71%) Azure
7 154 (14.71%) Microsoft
8 150 (14.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 146 (13.94%) Active Directory
10 135 (12.89%) SIEM
11 128 (12.23%) Agile Software Development
12 127 (12.13%) Public Sector
13 121 (11.56%) Management Information System
14 120 (11.46%) Linux
15 117 (11.17%) Firewall
16 116 (11.08%) Risk Management
16 116 (11.08%) Security Operations
17 100 (9.55%) Security Architecture
18 91 (8.69%) AWS
19 89 (8.50%) CISM
20 87 (8.31%) ITIL
21 86 (8.21%) NIST
22 83 (7.93%) Stakeholder Management
23 80 (7.64%) Analytical Skills
24 77 (7.35%) GDPR
25 75 (7.16%) Vulnerability Management
26 72 (6.88%) Java
26 72 (6.88%) Project Management
27 71 (6.78%) Cisco

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 29 (2.77%) SharePoint
2 23 (2.20%) Apache
3 20 (1.91%) IIS
4 16 (1.53%) Apache Solr
5 15 (1.43%) Confluence
6 14 (1.34%) Tomcat
7 7 (0.67%) Mule
8 5 (0.48%) Anypoint
9 4 (0.38%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (0.19%) Cloud Foundry
10 2 (0.19%) CMS
10 2 (0.19%) Exchange Server 2003
10 2 (0.19%) Exchange Server 2007
10 2 (0.19%) IBM Notes
10 2 (0.19%) MS Exchange
10 2 (0.19%) nginx
10 2 (0.19%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.19%) TIBCO ActiveMatrix
10 2 (0.19%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.096%) WordPress
Applications
1 43 (4.11%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (1.53%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (1.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 9 (0.86%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
6 1 (0.096%) LibreOffice
6 1 (0.096%) MadCap Flare
6 1 (0.096%) Open Workbench
6 1 (0.096%) OrCAD
6 1 (0.096%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.096%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.76%) Sentinel
2 6 (0.57%) Unit4 Business World
3 3 (0.29%) SAP SD
4 2 (0.19%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
5 1 (0.096%) Actimize
5 1 (0.096%) PeopleSoft HCM
5 1 (0.096%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.096%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 154 (14.71%) Azure
2 91 (8.69%) AWS
3 53 (5.06%) Office 365
4 50 (4.78%) SaaS
5 28 (2.67%) GCP
6 21 (2.01%) Azure Active Directory
7 10 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
8 7 (0.67%) Power Platform
9 6 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
9 6 (0.57%) GitHub
9 6 (0.57%) PaaS
10 5 (0.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 5 (0.48%) Amazon S3
10 5 (0.48%) IaaS
11 4 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
11 4 (0.38%) AWS CloudTrail
11 4 (0.38%) G Suite
11 4 (0.38%) Serverless
11 4 (0.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 3 (0.29%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 117 (11.17%) Firewall
2 63 (6.02%) Network Security
3 45 (4.30%) Internet
4 40 (3.82%) VPN
5 37 (3.53%) DNS
6 33 (3.15%) WAN
7 28 (2.67%) TCP/IP
8 22 (2.10%) LAN
8 22 (2.10%) X.509
9 21 (2.01%) Wireless
10 20 (1.91%) SSL
11 18 (1.72%) Intrusion Detection
12 15 (1.43%) HTTP
13 14 (1.34%) DHCP
13 14 (1.34%) SAN
13 14 (1.34%) VLAN
14 13 (1.24%) VoIP
15 11 (1.05%) DMZ
15 11 (1.05%) Intranet
15 11 (1.05%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (3.82%) SQL Server
2 28 (2.67%) Big Data
3 16 (1.53%) SQL Server 2016
4 11 (1.05%) Triplestore
5 6 (0.57%) Data Lake
5 6 (0.57%) Hadoop
5 6 (0.57%) Relational Database
6 5 (0.48%) Oracle Database
6 5 (0.48%) Power BI
7 4 (0.38%) MySQL
7 4 (0.38%) Oracle Reports
8 3 (0.29%) Blockchain
8 3 (0.29%) GIS
8 3 (0.29%) NoSQL
8 3 (0.29%) SAP HANA
9 2 (0.19%) Amazon RDS
9 2 (0.19%) Azure SQL Database
9 2 (0.19%) Data Warehouse
9 2 (0.19%) Electronic Patient Records
9 2 (0.19%) SAP BW
Development Applications
1 24 (2.29%) Jenkins
2 20 (1.91%) Git (software)
3 14 (1.34%) JIRA
4 9 (0.86%) Metasploit
5 6 (0.57%) Rational Rhapsody
6 4 (0.38%) Burp Suite
6 4 (0.38%) Rational DOORS
7 3 (0.29%) Bitbucket
8 2 (0.19%) CMake
8 2 (0.19%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.19%) Cypress.io
8 2 (0.19%) Maven
8 2 (0.19%) MSI
8 2 (0.19%) Selenium
8 2 (0.19%) Terragrunt
9 1 (0.096%) AppScan
9 1 (0.096%) Postman
9 1 (0.096%) Snyk
9 1 (0.096%) Sonatype Nexus
9 1 (0.096%) VersionOne
General
1 232 (22.16%) Finance
2 127 (12.13%) Public Sector
3 57 (5.44%) Banking
4 47 (4.49%) Legal
5 35 (3.34%) Telecoms
6 31 (2.96%) Manufacturing
7 25 (2.39%) Retail
8 15 (1.43%) Financial Institution
9 13 (1.24%) Marketing
9 13 (1.24%) Publishing
10 11 (1.05%) Law
10 11 (1.05%) Military
11 9 (0.86%) Electronics
12 7 (0.67%) Automotive
13 6 (0.57%) Aerospace
14 5 (0.48%) Local Government
15 4 (0.38%) Investment Banking
15 4 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.38%) Retail Banking
16 3 (0.29%) Billing
Job Titles
1 193 (18.43%) Analyst
2 138 (13.18%) Architect
3 127 (12.13%) Security Analyst
4 117 (11.17%) Consultant
5 95 (9.07%) Security Engineer
6 90 (8.60%) Security Consultant
7 85 (8.12%) Security Architect
8 75 (7.16%) Cybersecurity Analyst
9 57 (5.44%) Business Analyst
10 50 (4.78%) Security Manager
11 48 (4.58%) Cybersecurity Consultant
12 43 (4.11%) Trainee
13 41 (3.92%) Project Manager
14 37 (3.53%) Cybersecurity Engineer
15 35 (3.34%) Security Specialist
16 33 (3.15%) Cybersecurity Manager
17 32 (3.06%) Systems Engineer
18 25 (2.39%) Cybersecurity Architect
19 23 (2.20%) Security Officer
20 21 (2.01%) Security Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (3.44%) .NET
2 31 (2.96%) SAML
3 28 (2.67%) Web Services
4 12 (1.15%) Node.js
4 12 (1.15%) OAuth
4 12 (1.15%) RabbitMQ
5 11 (1.05%) Middleware
6 10 (0.96%) .NET Core
6 10 (0.96%) OpenID
6 10 (0.96%) React
7 9 (0.86%) HTML
7 9 (0.86%) SailPoint
7 9 (0.86%) Spring
8 7 (0.67%) CSS
8 7 (0.67%) RAML
9 6 (0.57%) RESTful
10 5 (0.48%) AngularJS
10 5 (0.48%) LDAP
10 5 (0.48%) REST
10 5 (0.48%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 121 (11.56%) Management Information System
2 80 (7.64%) Analytical Skills
3 51 (4.87%) Cyberthreat
4 44 (4.20%) Driving Licence
4 44 (4.20%) Security Operations Centre
5 33 (3.15%) Data Centre
6 25 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
7 24 (2.29%) Data Protection Act
8 23 (2.20%) Public Cloud
9 20 (1.91%) Freedom of Information
10 19 (1.81%) Freedom of Information Act
11 14 (1.34%) CESG
12 13 (1.24%) Analytical Mindset
12 13 (1.24%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
13 12 (1.15%) Mobile App
13 12 (1.15%) User Experience
14 11 (1.05%) Cyber Defence
15 10 (0.96%) Taxonomies
16 9 (0.86%) BYOD
16 9 (0.86%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 184 (17.57%) Windows
2 120 (11.46%) Linux
3 34 (3.25%) Windows Server
4 23 (2.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 23 (2.20%) Unix
5 22 (2.10%) Windows Server 2016
6 18 (1.72%) Windows 10
7 11 (1.05%) Windows XP
8 10 (0.96%) Apple iOS
9 7 (0.67%) Android
10 6 (0.57%) Kali Linux
10 6 (0.57%) Windows Server 2008
11 4 (0.38%) Mac OS
11 4 (0.38%) VMS
11 4 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
12 3 (0.29%) AIX
13 2 (0.19%) CentOS
13 2 (0.19%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.19%) Solaris
13 2 (0.19%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 233 (22.25%) Information Security
2 135 (12.89%) SIEM
3 128 (12.23%) Agile Software Development
4 116 (11.08%) Risk Management
4 116 (11.08%) Security Operations
5 100 (9.55%) Security Architecture
6 87 (8.31%) ITIL
7 83 (7.93%) Stakeholder Management
8 75 (7.16%) Vulnerability Management
9 72 (6.88%) Project Management
10 71 (6.78%) Penetration Testing
10 71 (6.78%) Problem-Solving
11 68 (6.49%) Change Management
12 65 (6.21%) DevOps
13 61 (5.83%) Identity Access Management
14 57 (5.44%) Information Assurance
15 50 (4.78%) Continuous Improvement
15 50 (4.78%) Security Management
16 49 (4.68%) Analytics
17 48 (4.58%) Incident Management
Programming Languages
1 72 (6.88%) Java
2 70 (6.69%) Python
3 54 (5.16%) SQL
4 51 (4.87%) PowerShell
5 34 (3.25%) JavaScript
6 19 (1.81%) Shell Script
7 18 (1.72%) Bash Shell
8 15 (1.43%) C
9 11 (1.05%) C++
10 8 (0.76%) SHACL
10 8 (0.76%) SPARQL
11 7 (0.67%) C#
11 7 (0.67%) Perl
11 7 (0.67%) PHP
12 5 (0.48%) Ruby
13 4 (0.38%) T-SQL
14 2 (0.19%) ES6
14 2 (0.19%) Go
14 2 (0.19%) Java 8
15 1 (0.096%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 205 (19.58%) Security Cleared
2 169 (16.14%) CISSP
3 166 (15.85%) SC Cleared
4 89 (8.50%) CISM
5 60 (5.73%) GIAC
6 59 (5.64%) DV Cleared
7 57 (5.44%) Degree
8 55 (5.25%) CISA
9 39 (3.72%) CESG Certified Professional
10 30 (2.87%) Cisco Certification
11 23 (2.20%) CEH
12 20 (1.91%) CREST Certified
13 19 (1.81%) CRISC
13 19 (1.81%) ISACA
14 18 (1.72%) CCNA
15 15 (1.43%) CCNP
15 15 (1.43%) SANS
16 11 (1.05%) BPSS Clearance
16 11 (1.05%) GCIH
17 10 (0.96%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 150 (14.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 86 (8.21%) NIST
3 77 (7.35%) GDPR
4 51 (4.87%) NCSC
5 36 (3.44%) Cyber Essentials
6 24 (2.29%) PCI DSS
7 22 (2.10%) SLA
8 18 (1.72%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 17 (1.62%) COBIT
9 17 (1.62%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 16 (1.53%) HIPAA
11 12 (1.15%) QA
12 10 (0.96%) JSP 440
12 10 (0.96%) RMADS
13 7 (0.67%) Data Quality
14 5 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 5 (0.48%) PMO
14 5 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 4 (0.38%) ISO 13485
15 4 (0.38%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 146 (13.94%) Active Directory
2 32 (3.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 17 (1.62%) Docker
3 17 (1.62%) XenApp
4 14 (1.34%) BitLocker
5 7 (0.67%) ProxySG
5 7 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.57%) OpenAM
7 5 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (0.48%) VMware NSX
8 3 (0.29%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.29%) vSphere
9 2 (0.19%) DFS Replication
9 2 (0.19%) iptables
9 2 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
9 2 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.096%) Firmware
10 1 (0.096%) Snort
10 1 (0.096%) vCloud
10 1 (0.096%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 40 (3.82%) Puppet
2 38 (3.63%) Ansible
2 38 (3.63%) SCCM
3 24 (2.29%) Opscode Chef
3 24 (2.29%) Single Sign-On
4 21 (2.01%) Terraform
5 19 (1.81%) Microsoft Intune
6 16 (1.53%) Kubernetes
6 16 (1.53%) Network Intrusion Detection System
7 14 (1.34%) EnCase
7 14 (1.34%) QRadar
8 13 (1.24%) FTK
8 13 (1.24%) Nessus
9 11 (1.05%) WSUS
10 10 (0.96%) FortiGate
11 9 (0.86%) Nmap
12 7 (0.67%) CASB
13 6 (0.57%) FreeIPA
14 5 (0.48%) RSA Archer
15 4 (0.38%) SCOM
Vendors
1 154 (14.71%) Microsoft
2 71 (6.78%) Cisco
3 68 (6.49%) Splunk
4 38 (3.63%) VMware
5 30 (2.87%) Qualys
6 29 (2.77%) Google
7 28 (2.67%) CyberArk
8 27 (2.58%) Red Hat
9 24 (2.29%) Citrix
10 21 (2.01%) McAfee
11 20 (1.91%) Juniper
11 20 (1.91%) SAP
12 19 (1.81%) ServiceNow
13 17 (1.62%) CheckPoint
13 17 (1.62%) Oracle
14 16 (1.53%) Palo Alto
15 15 (1.43%) F5
16 13 (1.24%) Cellebrite
17 11 (1.05%) ArcSight
18 10 (0.96%) Symantec