Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 10 8 13
Rank change year-on-year -2 +5 0
Contract jobs citing AWS 10,210 8,016 4,601
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.40% 12.08% 11.14%
As % of the Cloud Services category 31.71% 33.60% 35.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,538 5,973 3,477
10th Percentile £425 £406 £400
25th Percentile £500 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £540 £550
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% -1.82% +2.33%
75th Percentile £688 £625 £638
90th Percentile £775 £700 £725
UK excluding London median daily rate £538 £500 £513
% change year-on-year +7.55% -2.44% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 32 14
10th Percentile £45.13 £20.13 £30.30
25th Percentile £51.38 £30.88 £46.40
Median hourly rate £67.77 £55.88 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +21.29% +6.43% +16.67%
75th Percentile £77.50 £65.54 £57.88
90th Percentile £81.00 £73.28 £61.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £70.00 £64.25 £55.00
% change year-on-year +8.95% +16.82% +214.29%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 32,199 23,858 12,855
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.95% 35.96% 31.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,408 17,013 9,055
10th Percentile £345 £325 £308
25th Percentile £450 £413 £405
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £509 £500
Median % change year-on-year +8.16% +1.70% -
75th Percentile £650 £600 £595
90th Percentile £745 £679 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £463 £463
% change year-on-year +8.11% - +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 387 395 190
10th Percentile £13.88 £12.24 £12.75
25th Percentile £15.25 £14.75 £16.31
Median hourly rate £22.00 £21.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% +7.50% -2.44%
75th Percentile £50.39 £45.00 £32.88
90th Percentile £67.50 £65.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.25 £20.00 £19.69
% change year-on-year -3.78% +1.57% +9.39%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 8,297 £600 +11.11% 2,060
Work from Home 0 5,619 £575 +9.52% 1,006
London +1 5,354 £613 +9.38% 967
UK excluding London -3 2,625 £538 +7.55% 1,201
North of England -2 819 £550 +10.00% 380
South East -7 514 £550 +7.06% 236
North West +1 508 £550 +10.00% 205
Midlands -3 383 £520 +5.05% 205
Scotland 0 379 £525 +13.51% 86
West Midlands -2 323 £525 +5.00% 136
South West -16 258 £573 +14.50% 141
Yorkshire -3 246 £550 +7.58% 126
East of England +6 243 £495 -3.88% 103
North East +2 101 £575 +0.52% 49
East Midlands -12 60 £500 +5.26% 67
Wales -20 38 £550 +10.00% 30
Northern Ireland -4 6 £525 +31.25% 19
Isle of Man - 6 £550 -

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 4,494 (44.02%) Azure
2 3,885 (38.05%) Agile
3 3,708 (36.32%) DevOps
4 3,195 (31.29%) Python
5 2,942 (28.81%) CI/CD
6 2,445 (23.95%) Terraform
7 2,420 (23.70%) Kubernetes
8 2,269 (22.22%) Java
9 2,151 (21.07%) Finance
10 2,123 (20.79%) Docker
11 2,079 (20.36%) GCP
12 1,866 (18.28%) Microservices
13 1,832 (17.94%) Linux
14 1,750 (17.14%) SQL
15 1,712 (16.77%) Serverless
16 1,664 (16.30%) JavaScript
17 1,627 (15.94%) Software Engineering
17 1,627 (15.94%) Social Skills
18 1,549 (15.17%) Jenkins
19 1,467 (14.37%) Security Cleared
20 1,427 (13.98%) React
21 1,399 (13.70%) Git (software)
22 1,335 (13.08%) AWS Lambda
23 1,315 (12.88%) Ansible
24 1,280 (12.54%) SC Cleared
25 1,236 (12.11%) Infrastructure as Code
26 1,146 (11.22%) Microsoft
27 1,131 (11.08%) Scrum
28 1,061 (10.39%) Migration
29 1,033 (10.12%) Analytics

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 626 (6.13%) Confluence
2 404 (3.96%) Apache Spark
3 263 (2.58%) Apache
4 155 (1.52%) Apache Airflow
5 153 (1.50%) nginx
6 110 (1.08%) SharePoint
7 98 (0.96%) SAS
8 92 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
9 74 (0.72%) OpenStack
10 70 (0.69%) Tomcat
11 67 (0.66%) IIS
12 63 (0.62%) WebSphere
13 54 (0.53%) CMS
14 45 (0.44%) BizTalk Server
14 45 (0.44%) WebLogic
15 38 (0.37%) JBoss
16 34 (0.33%) WebSphere Application Server
17 33 (0.32%) Traefik
18 32 (0.31%) Apache Solr
19 28 (0.27%) Exchange Server 2013
Applications
1 69 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
3 35 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
4 27 (0.26%) MS Visio
5 21 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 20 (0.20%) Chatbot
7 11 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.049%) S-PLUS
8 5 (0.049%) SPSS
9 4 (0.039%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.010%) Pipeline Pilot
10 1 (0.010%) PlantUML
Business Applications
1 52 (0.51%) assyst
2 21 (0.21%) Shopify
3 19 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
4 17 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
5 16 (0.16%) SAP Hybris
6 15 (0.15%) SAP S/4HANA
7 12 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
8 11 (0.11%) Magento
9 9 (0.088%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 8 (0.078%) Oracle Financials
11 7 (0.069%) Oracle BPM
12 6 (0.059%) Markit EDM
12 6 (0.059%) Oracle Cash Management
12 6 (0.059%) Oracle Receivables
12 6 (0.059%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 6 (0.059%) SimCorp Dimension
12 6 (0.059%) thinkFolio
13 5 (0.049%) Maximo
13 5 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 5 (0.049%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 4,494 (44.02%) Azure
2 2,079 (20.36%) GCP
3 1,712 (16.77%) Serverless
4 1,335 (13.08%) AWS Lambda
5 942 (9.23%) Amazon S3
6 848 (8.31%) AWS CloudFormation
7 723 (7.08%) Amazon EC2
8 704 (6.90%) GitHub
9 484 (4.74%) SaaS
10 473 (4.63%) PaaS
11 454 (4.45%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 454 (4.45%) Azure DevOps
12 398 (3.90%) IaaS
13 381 (3.73%) OpenShift
14 363 (3.56%) Amazon EKS
15 336 (3.29%) Amazon ECS
16 297 (2.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 289 (2.83%) Microsoft 365
18 284 (2.78%) Amazon SQS
19 216 (2.12%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 459 (4.50%) Firewall
2 405 (3.97%) DNS
3 250 (2.45%) VPN
4 233 (2.28%) Network Security
5 175 (1.71%) TCP/IP
6 130 (1.27%) WAN
7 128 (1.25%) HTTP
8 121 (1.19%) DHCP
9 116 (1.14%) Internet
10 98 (0.96%) SSL
11 82 (0.80%) SD-WAN
12 73 (0.71%) BGP
13 71 (0.70%) LAN
14 67 (0.66%) IPsec
15 59 (0.58%) OSPF
16 58 (0.57%) Wi-Fi
17 54 (0.53%) IPv4
18 49 (0.48%) MPLS
19 45 (0.44%) VLAN
20 41 (0.40%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 761 (7.45%) PostgreSQL
2 536 (5.25%) Amazon RDS
3 512 (5.01%) SQL Server
4 500 (4.90%) NoSQL
5 496 (4.86%) DynamoDB
6 485 (4.75%) Data Warehouse
7 474 (4.64%) Big Data
8 441 (4.32%) MySQL
9 435 (4.26%) MongoDB
10 423 (4.14%) Relational Database
11 322 (3.15%) Amazon Redshift
12 266 (2.61%) Data Lake
13 263 (2.58%) Elasticsearch
14 218 (2.14%) Hadoop
15 211 (2.07%) Pentaho
16 186 (1.82%) Amazon Aurora
17 160 (1.57%) Oracle Database
18 154 (1.51%) Redis
19 150 (1.47%) Power BI
20 142 (1.39%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 1,549 (15.17%) Jenkins
2 1,399 (13.70%) Git (software)
3 1,005 (9.84%) JIRA
4 735 (7.20%) GitLab
5 258 (2.53%) Bitbucket
6 244 (2.39%) Maven
7 206 (2.02%) Artifactory
8 154 (1.51%) JUnit
9 147 (1.44%) SonarQube
10 141 (1.38%) CircleCI
11 131 (1.28%) TeamCity
12 122 (1.19%) Gradle
13 117 (1.15%) Selenium
14 115 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
15 104 (1.02%) Cucumber
16 93 (0.91%) Cypress.io
17 81 (0.79%) Subversion
18 77 (0.75%) git-flow
18 77 (0.75%) Mockito
19 72 (0.71%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 2,151 (21.07%) Finance
2 1,627 (15.94%) Social Skills
3 932 (9.13%) Public Sector
4 562 (5.50%) Analytical Skills
5 532 (5.21%) Banking
6 448 (4.39%) Front Office
7 223 (2.18%) Retail
8 183 (1.79%) Presentation Skills
9 166 (1.63%) Telecoms
10 164 (1.61%) Influencing Skills
11 135 (1.32%) Marketing
12 131 (1.28%) Legal
13 111 (1.09%) Financial Institution
14 100 (0.98%) Documentation Skills
15 99 (0.97%) Games
16 98 (0.96%) Investment Banking
17 85 (0.83%) Law
18 61 (0.60%) Manufacturing
18 61 (0.60%) Publishing
19 60 (0.59%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,609 (25.55%) Developer
2 1,712 (16.77%) Architect
3 1,389 (13.60%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,276 (12.50%) AWS Engineer
5 706 (6.91%) Software Engineer
6 587 (5.75%) Java Developer
7 572 (5.60%) AWS DevOps
8 555 (5.44%) Data Engineer
9 545 (5.34%) Solutions Architect
10 506 (4.96%) AWS Developer
11 498 (4.88%) Python Developer
12 489 (4.79%) Cloud Engineer
13 486 (4.76%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 374 (3.66%) Senior Developer
15 373 (3.65%) AWS Architect
16 358 (3.51%) Python Engineer
17 351 (3.44%) Cloud Architect
18 334 (3.27%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 326 (3.19%) Full Stack Developer
20 289 (2.83%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,427 (13.98%) React
2 928 (9.09%) Kafka
3 897 (8.79%) Node.js
4 728 (7.13%) .NET
5 632 (6.19%) REST
6 545 (5.34%) Spring
7 503 (4.93%) HTML
8 487 (4.77%) CSS
9 443 (4.34%) Spring Boot
10 424 (4.15%) AngularJS
11 339 (3.32%) RESTful
12 334 (3.27%) JSON
13 285 (2.79%) GraphQL
14 254 (2.49%) Django
15 248 (2.43%) Flask
16 235 (2.30%) Pandas
17 224 (2.19%) .NET Core
18 209 (2.05%) Web Services
19 203 (1.99%) Elastic Stack
20 190 (1.86%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 765 (7.49%) Public Cloud
2 599 (5.87%) Cloud Native
3 391 (3.83%) Data Centre
4 366 (3.58%) Hedge funds
5 362 (3.55%) Greenfield Project
6 325 (3.18%) User Experience
7 322 (3.15%) Equities
8 292 (2.86%) Derivative
9 261 (2.56%) Data Protection Act
10 203 (1.99%) Fixed Income
11 197 (1.93%) Hybrid Cloud
12 186 (1.82%) Legacy Systems
13 184 (1.80%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 182 (1.78%) Management Information System
15 181 (1.77%) Self-Motivation
16 167 (1.64%) Data Structures
17 154 (1.51%) Private Cloud
18 145 (1.42%) Algorithms
19 131 (1.28%) Mobile App
19 131 (1.28%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 1,832 (17.94%) Linux
2 839 (8.22%) Windows
3 576 (5.64%) Unix
4 312 (3.06%) Windows Server
5 249 (2.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 132 (1.29%) CentOS
7 102 (1.00%) Ubuntu
8 89 (0.87%) Windows Server 2012
9 77 (0.75%) Android
9 77 (0.75%) Apple iOS
10 71 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
11 64 (0.63%) Windows Server 2019
12 52 (0.51%) Windows Server 2008
13 43 (0.42%) Solaris
14 32 (0.31%) Windows 10
15 27 (0.26%) AIX
16 25 (0.24%) VMS
17 17 (0.17%) Amazon Linux
18 16 (0.16%) Debian
18 16 (0.16%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,885 (38.05%) Agile
2 3,708 (36.32%) DevOps
3 2,942 (28.81%) CI/CD
4 1,866 (18.28%) Microservices
5 1,627 (15.94%) Software Engineering
6 1,236 (12.11%) Infrastructure as Code
7 1,131 (11.08%) Scrum
8 1,061 (10.39%) Migration
9 1,033 (10.12%) Analytics
10 991 (9.71%) Test Automation
11 921 (9.02%) Full Stack Development
12 863 (8.45%) TDD
13 774 (7.58%) Continuous Integration
14 709 (6.94%) Problem-Solving
15 654 (6.41%) ETL
16 575 (5.63%) Stakeholder Management
17 568 (5.56%) Configuration Management
18 541 (5.30%) Data Modelling
19 514 (5.03%) Mentoring
20 478 (4.68%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3,195 (31.29%) Python
2 2,269 (22.22%) Java
3 1,750 (17.14%) SQL
4 1,664 (16.30%) JavaScript
5 886 (8.68%) TypeScript
6 668 (6.54%) C#
7 634 (6.21%) Bash
8 537 (5.26%) Go
9 487 (4.77%) PowerShell
10 365 (3.57%) Scala
11 309 (3.03%) Ruby
12 277 (2.71%) Shell Script
13 231 (2.26%) C
14 193 (1.89%) Perl
14 193 (1.89%) PL/SQL
15 169 (1.66%) C++
16 158 (1.55%) Groovy
17 157 (1.54%) PHP
18 123 (1.20%) T-SQL
19 119 (1.17%) R
Qualifications
1 1,467 (14.37%) Security Cleared
2 1,280 (12.54%) SC Cleared
3 328 (3.21%) Degree
4 304 (2.98%) AWS Certification
5 160 (1.57%) BPSS Clearance
6 145 (1.42%) CISSP
7 130 (1.27%) Cisco Certification
8 101 (0.99%) Computer Science Degree
9 85 (0.83%) DV Cleared
10 56 (0.55%) CCNP
11 55 (0.54%) CISM
12 53 (0.52%) TOGAF Certification
13 52 (0.51%) ISTQB
13 52 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
14 40 (0.39%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 39 (0.38%) CCNA
16 38 (0.37%) CCIE
17 32 (0.31%) Master's Degree
18 30 (0.29%) PhD
19 26 (0.25%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 318 (3.11%) QA
2 189 (1.85%) Accessibility
3 144 (1.41%) GDPR
4 135 (1.32%) SLA
5 121 (1.19%) Data Quality
6 109 (1.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 109 (1.07%) NIST
7 81 (0.79%) NCSC
8 48 (0.47%) PCI DSS
9 28 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
9 28 (0.27%) PMO
10 18 (0.18%) COBIT
11 15 (0.15%) NIST 800
12 14 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 13 (0.13%) Cyber Essentials
14 11 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 10 (0.098%) GRC
15 10 (0.098%) SOC 2
16 8 (0.078%) GxP
17 6 (0.059%) MiFID
System Software
1 2,123 (20.79%) Docker
2 382 (3.74%) Active Directory
3 374 (3.66%) VMware Infrastructure
4 115 (1.13%) Hyper-V
5 97 (0.95%) vSphere
6 74 (0.72%) HDFS
7 71 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
8 59 (0.58%) VMware ESXi
9 42 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
10 34 (0.33%) VMware NSX
11 32 (0.31%) XenApp
12 22 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
13 20 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
14 18 (0.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 17 (0.17%) VMware Workstation
16 16 (0.16%) KVM
17 15 (0.15%) Xen
18 14 (0.14%) vCloud
19 13 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
19 13 (0.13%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 2,445 (23.95%) Terraform
2 2,420 (23.70%) Kubernetes
3 1,315 (12.88%) Ansible
4 415 (4.06%) Puppet
5 346 (3.39%) Grafana
6 318 (3.11%) Prometheus
7 239 (2.34%) Opscode Chef
8 186 (1.82%) Packer
9 130 (1.27%) Consul
10 123 (1.20%) Kibana
11 100 (0.98%) Docker Swarm
12 99 (0.97%) SCCM
13 87 (0.85%) Istio
14 72 (0.71%) ZABBIX
15 71 (0.70%) Microsoft Intune
15 71 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
16 70 (0.69%) Nagios
17 47 (0.46%) Rancher
18 46 (0.45%) Data Guard
18 46 (0.45%) Graphite
Vendors
1 1,146 (11.22%) Microsoft
2 729 (7.14%) Google
3 712 (6.97%) Oracle
4 562 (5.50%) VMware
5 318 (3.11%) Splunk
6 251 (2.46%) SAP
7 227 (2.22%) Cisco
8 214 (2.10%) Red Hat
9 201 (1.97%) IBM
10 194 (1.90%) Salesforce.com
11 161 (1.58%) Talend
12 144 (1.41%) Informatica
13 141 (1.38%) Databricks
14 122 (1.19%) Atlassian
15 118 (1.16%) Cloudera
16 102 (1.00%) F5
17 101 (0.99%) ServiceNow
18 99 (0.97%) Palo Alto
19 96 (0.94%) MuleSoft
20 86 (0.84%) Dynatrace