Period
to 15 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 15 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
15 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 13 13
Rank change year-on-year +4 0 +1
Contract jobs citing AWS 10,093 3,571 8,326
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 12.07% 11.61% 9.76%
As % of the Cloud Services category 33.86% 36.62% 33.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,531 2,721 5,893
10th Percentile £419 £365 £400
25th Percentile £475 £450 £456
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £548
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% -4.11% +4.29%
75th Percentile £650 £638 £625
90th Percentile £713 £725 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £515 £488 £500
% change year-on-year +5.64% -2.50% +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 47 7 16
10th Percentile £30.60 £30.35 £14.63
25th Percentile £47.25 " £20.00
Median hourly rate £61.00 £40.00 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +52.50% +60.00% -32.89%
75th Percentile £69.38 £49.45 £47.94
90th Percentile £73.45 £56.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 £46.40 £30.00
% change year-on-year +41.16% +54.67% +18.81%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 29,804 9,751 24,750
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.65% 31.72% 29.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,484 6,816 17,270
10th Percentile £325 £313 £290
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £625 £588 £580
90th Percentile £700 £675 £660
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 457 141 372
10th Percentile £12.25 £13.25 £13.25
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.45 £16.25
Median hourly rate £21.00 £21.50 £20.25
Median % change year-on-year -2.33% +6.17% +15.71%
75th Percentile £47.25 £40.00 £36.70
90th Percentile £65.50 £54.00 £58.58
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.33 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -8.35% - +14.29%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 15 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 15 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 8,165 £550 +1.85% 3,424
London +1 5,150 £575 +4.55% 1,766
Work from Home +3 3,053 £550 +4.76% 760
UK excluding London +1 2,847 £515 +5.64% 1,860
North of England -6 728 £525 +5.00% 598
South East -1 568 £525 +9.38% 341
Midlands +14 437 £503 +15.52% 311
Scotland +12 416 £495 +10.00% 143
South West +1 395 £500 +2.30% 186
North West -5 383 £525 +5.00% 341
West Midlands +28 335 £510 +18.06% 192
Yorkshire -6 261 £525 +2.44% 195
East of England -5 223 £540 +5.37% 205
North East +4 94 £570 +8.57% 62
East Midlands -7 94 £495 +5.88% 118
Wales -3 80 £525 +10.53% 55
Northern Ireland - 7 £470 - 23

For the 6 months to 15 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 4,173 (41.35%) Azure
2 3,693 (36.59%) Agile Software Development
3 3,494 (34.62%) DevOps
4 2,945 (29.18%) Python
5 2,521 (24.98%) Terraform
6 2,500 (24.77%) Java
7 2,320 (22.99%) Docker
8 2,191 (21.71%) Kubernetes
9 2,015 (19.96%) Serverless
10 1,919 (19.01%) GCP
11 1,873 (18.56%) Finance
12 1,851 (18.34%) Microservices
13 1,730 (17.14%) JavaScript
14 1,661 (16.46%) SQL
15 1,609 (15.94%) AWS Lambda
16 1,596 (15.81%) Social Skills
17 1,595 (15.80%) Software Engineering
18 1,532 (15.18%) Jenkins
19 1,510 (14.96%) Linux
20 1,321 (13.09%) React
21 1,248 (12.37%) Git (software)
22 1,214 (12.03%) Node.js
23 1,165 (11.54%) Security Cleared
24 1,158 (11.47%) Ansible
24 1,158 (11.47%) Web Services
25 1,149 (11.38%) Amazon S3
26 1,122 (11.12%) Infrastructure as Code
27 1,017 (10.08%) Full Stack Development
28 1,008 (9.99%) TDD
29 950 (9.41%) SC Cleared

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 438 (4.34%) Confluence
2 427 (4.23%) Apache Spark
3 307 (3.04%) Elasticsearch
4 234 (2.32%) Apache Airflow
5 227 (2.25%) Apache
6 140 (1.39%) SharePoint
7 118 (1.17%) Tomcat
8 97 (0.96%) nginx
9 85 (0.84%) SAS
10 71 (0.70%) OpenStack
11 66 (0.65%) CMS
12 56 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
13 39 (0.39%) WebLogic
14 38 (0.38%) IIS
15 34 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
15 34 (0.34%) WebSphere
16 30 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 28 (0.28%) Jupyter
18 26 (0.26%) Luigi
19 25 (0.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 70 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 56 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
3 40 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 33 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
5 24 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 19 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
7 17 (0.17%) Chatbot
8 5 (0.050%) SPSS
9 2 (0.020%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.020%) Weka
10 1 (0.010%) Adobe XD
10 1 (0.010%) CPLEX
10 1 (0.010%) SPSS Modeler
10 1 (0.010%) Stata
10 1 (0.010%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 34 (0.34%) Cloudability
2 24 (0.24%) Magento
3 23 (0.23%) Sentinel
4 18 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
5 16 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 15 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
7 12 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 11 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
9 10 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
10 8 (0.079%) Dynamics AX
10 8 (0.079%) Shopify
11 7 (0.069%) assyst
11 7 (0.069%) SAP ERP
12 6 (0.059%) SAP Oil and Gas
13 5 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
13 5 (0.050%) Oracle Financials
14 4 (0.040%) Oracle EBS
14 4 (0.040%) Towers Watson Igloo
15 3 (0.030%) Aligne
15 3 (0.030%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 4,173 (41.35%) Azure
2 2,015 (19.96%) Serverless
3 1,919 (19.01%) GCP
4 1,609 (15.94%) AWS Lambda
5 1,149 (11.38%) Amazon S3
6 857 (8.49%) AWS CloudFormation
7 675 (6.69%) Amazon EC2
8 636 (6.30%) GitHub
9 531 (5.26%) PaaS
10 516 (5.11%) Amazon SQS
11 505 (5.00%) SaaS
12 466 (4.62%) IaaS
13 369 (3.66%) Amazon ECS
14 344 (3.41%) Amazon EKS
15 337 (3.34%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 311 (3.08%) AWS Step Functions
17 281 (2.78%) Microsoft 365
18 269 (2.67%) OpenShift
19 262 (2.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 232 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 349 (3.46%) Firewall
2 261 (2.59%) DNS
3 236 (2.34%) HTTP
4 146 (1.45%) Network Security
5 137 (1.36%) TCP/IP
6 133 (1.32%) VPN
7 129 (1.28%) Internet
8 111 (1.10%) WAN
9 102 (1.01%) LAN
10 93 (0.92%) SSL
11 78 (0.77%) DHCP
12 66 (0.65%) BGP
13 64 (0.63%) SAN
14 50 (0.50%) OSPF
15 46 (0.46%) Kerberos
16 45 (0.45%) Wireless
17 37 (0.37%) SD-WAN
18 36 (0.36%) Cisco ASA
18 36 (0.36%) IPsec
19 33 (0.33%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 783 (7.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 736 (7.29%) PostgreSQL
3 620 (6.14%) Amazon RDS
4 616 (6.10%) Big Data
5 607 (6.01%) NoSQL
6 489 (4.84%) MySQL
7 476 (4.72%) SQL Server
8 446 (4.42%) Data Warehouse
9 429 (4.25%) Relational Database
10 428 (4.24%) MongoDB
11 400 (3.96%) Hadoop
12 320 (3.17%) Amazon Redshift
13 298 (2.95%) Data Lake
14 213 (2.11%) Power BI
15 187 (1.85%) Redis
16 176 (1.74%) Amazon Athena
17 169 (1.67%) Apache Hive
18 164 (1.62%) Oracle Database
19 161 (1.60%) Amazon Aurora
20 151 (1.50%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 1,532 (15.18%) Jenkins
2 1,248 (12.37%) Git (software)
3 848 (8.40%) JIRA
4 578 (5.73%) GitLab
5 347 (3.44%) Maven
6 281 (2.78%) Bitbucket
7 206 (2.04%) Cucumber
8 204 (2.02%) JUnit
9 162 (1.61%) Artifactory
10 160 (1.59%) Selenium
11 138 (1.37%) TeamCity
12 133 (1.32%) CircleCI
13 131 (1.30%) SonarQube
13 131 (1.30%) Sonatype Nexus
14 112 (1.11%) Gradle
15 102 (1.01%) JMeter
16 101 (1.00%) Postman
17 87 (0.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 87 (0.86%) Visual Studio
18 85 (0.84%) Subversion
General
1 1,873 (18.56%) Finance
2 1,596 (15.81%) Social Skills
3 797 (7.90%) Public Sector
4 520 (5.15%) Banking
5 491 (4.86%) Analytical Skills
6 417 (4.13%) Front Office
7 240 (2.38%) Retail
8 183 (1.81%) Presentation Skills
9 173 (1.71%) Telecoms
10 169 (1.67%) Marketing
11 135 (1.34%) Influencing Skills
12 114 (1.13%) Law
13 112 (1.11%) Legal
14 109 (1.08%) Financial Institution
15 93 (0.92%) Investment Banking
15 93 (0.92%) Manufacturing
16 74 (0.73%) Electronics
17 64 (0.63%) Documentation Skills
18 58 (0.57%) Billing
19 57 (0.56%) Games
Job Titles
1 2,726 (27.01%) Developer
2 1,712 (16.96%) Architect
3 1,270 (12.58%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,209 (11.98%) AWS Engineer
5 643 (6.37%) Java Developer
6 634 (6.28%) Software Engineer
7 624 (6.18%) Data Engineer
8 533 (5.28%) Solutions Architect
9 526 (5.21%) AWS DevOps
10 482 (4.78%) Cloud Engineer
11 472 (4.68%) AWS Architect
12 457 (4.53%) Cloud Architect
13 454 (4.50%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 432 (4.28%) AWS Developer
15 400 (3.96%) Python Developer
16 378 (3.75%) Senior Developer
17 366 (3.63%) Full Stack Developer
18 365 (3.62%) React Developer
19 327 (3.24%) Consultant
20 296 (2.93%) Python Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,321 (13.09%) React
2 1,214 (12.03%) Node.js
3 1,158 (11.47%) Web Services
4 719 (7.12%) Spring
5 709 (7.02%) Kafka
6 701 (6.95%) REST
7 589 (5.84%) .NET
8 586 (5.81%) AngularJS
9 557 (5.52%) Spring Boot
10 472 (4.68%) CSS
11 470 (4.66%) HTML
12 423 (4.19%) RESTful
13 304 (3.01%) GraphQL
14 253 (2.51%) JSON
15 245 (2.43%) Material-UI
16 205 (2.03%) .NET Core
17 183 (1.81%) XML
18 182 (1.80%) OAuth
19 181 (1.79%) SOAP
20 174 (1.72%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 521 (5.16%) Public Cloud
2 516 (5.11%) Cloud Native
3 344 (3.41%) Data Centre
4 240 (2.38%) Greenfield Project
5 239 (2.37%) User Experience
6 217 (2.15%) Data Protection Act
7 215 (2.13%) Hybrid Cloud
8 186 (1.84%) Derivative
9 182 (1.80%) Legacy Systems
10 170 (1.68%) Equities
11 164 (1.62%) Hedge funds
12 160 (1.59%) Fixed Income
13 140 (1.39%) Management Information System
14 138 (1.37%) Algorithms
15 136 (1.35%) Data Structures
16 134 (1.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 129 (1.28%) Self-Motivation
18 128 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
19 91 (0.90%) Mobile App
20 89 (0.88%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,510 (14.96%) Linux
2 785 (7.78%) Windows
3 390 (3.86%) Unix
4 228 (2.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 198 (1.96%) Windows Server
6 75 (0.74%) CentOS
7 67 (0.66%) Ubuntu
8 55 (0.54%) Android
9 48 (0.48%) Apple iOS
10 42 (0.42%) Windows 10
11 41 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
12 28 (0.28%) Windows Server 2016
13 27 (0.27%) SUSE
14 23 (0.23%) Windows Server 2019
15 22 (0.22%) Mac OS X
16 21 (0.21%) Solaris
16 21 (0.21%) Windows Server 2008
17 18 (0.18%) AIX
18 14 (0.14%) VMS
19 12 (0.12%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,693 (36.59%) Agile Software Development
2 3,494 (34.62%) DevOps
3 1,851 (18.34%) Microservices
4 1,595 (15.80%) Software Engineering
5 1,122 (11.12%) Infrastructure as Code
6 1,017 (10.08%) Full Stack Development
7 1,008 (9.99%) TDD
8 933 (9.24%) Scrum
9 921 (9.13%) Migration
10 890 (8.82%) Analytics
11 834 (8.26%) Test Automation
12 671 (6.65%) Continuous Integration
13 668 (6.62%) Problem-Solving
14 549 (5.44%) ETL
15 495 (4.90%) Data Modelling
16 473 (4.69%) Asset Management
17 460 (4.56%) Stakeholder Management
18 456 (4.52%) SDLC
19 453 (4.49%) Configuration Management
20 445 (4.41%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 2,945 (29.18%) Python
2 2,500 (24.77%) Java
3 1,730 (17.14%) JavaScript
4 1,661 (16.46%) SQL
5 899 (8.91%) TypeScript
6 564 (5.59%) Bash Shell
7 517 (5.12%) C#
8 496 (4.91%) PowerShell
9 403 (3.99%) Scala
10 385 (3.81%) Go
11 300 (2.97%) Java 8
12 220 (2.18%) C++
13 214 (2.12%) Ruby
14 205 (2.03%) PHP
15 203 (2.01%) Kotlin
16 192 (1.90%) Java 11
17 184 (1.82%) Shell Script
18 177 (1.75%) PL/SQL
19 170 (1.68%) C
20 149 (1.48%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,165 (11.54%) Security Cleared
2 950 (9.41%) SC Cleared
3 501 (4.96%) Degree
4 301 (2.98%) AWS Certification
5 158 (1.57%) CISSP
6 147 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
7 128 (1.27%) BPSS Clearance
8 123 (1.22%) Cisco Certification
9 111 (1.10%) DV Cleared
10 51 (0.51%) CCNP
10 51 (0.51%) ISTQB
11 49 (0.49%) TOGAF Certification
12 45 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
13 40 (0.40%) CCIE
14 37 (0.37%) Sun Certification
15 35 (0.35%) CISM
15 35 (0.35%) OCPJP
16 32 (0.32%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 32 (0.32%) CCNA
17 29 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 262 (2.60%) QA
2 182 (1.80%) Accessibility
3 174 (1.72%) GDPR
4 143 (1.42%) Data Quality
5 99 (0.98%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 71 (0.70%) SLA
7 64 (0.63%) NIST
8 41 (0.41%) PCI DSS
9 40 (0.40%) GRC
10 33 (0.33%) NCSC
11 29 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
12 25 (0.25%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 19 (0.19%) PMO
14 12 (0.12%) IFRS
14 12 (0.12%) NIST 800
15 11 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
16 10 (0.099%) COBIT
17 7 (0.069%) ISO/IEC 20000
18 6 (0.059%) HL7
18 6 (0.059%) SOC 2
System Software
1 2,320 (22.99%) Docker
2 404 (4.00%) Active Directory
3 309 (3.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 90 (0.89%) HDFS
5 80 (0.79%) vSphere
6 66 (0.65%) Hyper-V
7 56 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
8 51 (0.51%) VMware ESXi
9 49 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 42 (0.42%) VMware NSX
11 40 (0.40%) Virtual Desktop
12 33 (0.33%) Microsoft App-V
13 23 (0.23%) NFS
14 22 (0.22%) XenApp
15 16 (0.16%) KVM
16 14 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
17 13 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
17 13 (0.13%) Varnish
18 12 (0.12%) OpenAM
18 12 (0.12%) Xen
Systems Management
1 2,521 (24.98%) Terraform
2 2,191 (21.71%) Kubernetes
3 1,158 (11.47%) Ansible
4 384 (3.80%) Puppet
5 319 (3.16%) Grafana
6 267 (2.65%) Prometheus
7 255 (2.53%) Opscode Chef
8 135 (1.34%) Packer
9 105 (1.04%) Kibana
10 81 (0.80%) Rancher
11 75 (0.74%) Microsoft Intune
12 74 (0.73%) Single Sign-On
13 67 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
14 66 (0.65%) SCCM
15 58 (0.57%) Nagios
16 57 (0.56%) Istio
17 49 (0.49%) Consul
18 45 (0.45%) vRealize
19 42 (0.42%) Bosun
20 36 (0.36%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 829 (8.21%) Microsoft
2 746 (7.39%) Oracle
3 668 (6.62%) Google
4 498 (4.93%) VMware
5 286 (2.83%) Splunk
6 253 (2.51%) SAP
7 215 (2.13%) Informatica
8 205 (2.03%) Red Hat
9 195 (1.93%) Salesforce.com
10 186 (1.84%) Cisco
11 177 (1.75%) Databricks
12 133 (1.32%) Cloudera
13 130 (1.29%) IBM
14 128 (1.27%) Atlassian
15 127 (1.26%) MuleSoft
16 95 (0.94%) ServiceNow
17 94 (0.93%) CheckPoint
18 89 (0.88%) Citrix
19 80 (0.79%) Talend
20 70 (0.69%) HP