Period
to 30 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 30 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
30 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 12 13
Rank change year-on-year +4 +1 +4
Contract jobs citing AWS 8,803 4,067 9,360
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 12.18% 11.13% 10.22%
As % of the Cloud Services category 34.44% 36.41% 35.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,551 3,084 6,670
10th Percentile £410 £400 £400
25th Percentile £463 £463 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £545 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -0.91% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £625 £638 £625
90th Percentile £700 £736 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £513 £500
% change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 11 15
10th Percentile £21.60 £46.40 £11.25
25th Percentile £42.50 £46.95 £14.75
Median hourly rate £60.00 £55.00 £50.50
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +8.91% +18.82%
75th Percentile £66.20 £59.63 £70.00
90th Percentile £73.45 £61.25 "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £63.00 £55.00 £21.25
% change year-on-year +14.55% +158.82% -15.84%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 25,564 11,169 26,208
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.37% 30.57% 28.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,343 7,866 18,197
10th Percentile £325 £313 £306
25th Percentile £419 £406 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £518 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +3.60% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £600 £600 £575
90th Percentile £688 £688 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £473 £450
% change year-on-year +0.53% +5.00% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 401 168 322
10th Percentile £12.17 £13.25 £12.74
25th Percentile £14.13 £16.44 £15.25
Median hourly rate £21.00 £20.00 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -2.44% +17.14%
75th Percentile £45.00 £37.95 £36.00
90th Percentile £65.50 £55.75 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -5.00% - +17.65%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 30 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 30 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 7,043 £550 - 3,296
London +1 4,344 £575 - 1,618
Work from Home +3 2,895 £540 +2.86% 762
UK excluding London +1 2,566 £500 -2.44% 1,837
North of England -4 704 £500 -4.76% 619
South East -3 517 £505 +1.00% 344
Scotland +23 387 £475 - 120
North West -2 381 £500 -3.57% 372
Midlands +8 357 £500 +11.11% 304
South West +1 352 £500 -3.85% 177
West Midlands +18 278 £500 +12.23% 207
Yorkshire -7 243 £520 -1.05% 192
East of England -9 180 £533 +2.40% 202
North East -4 81 £575 +1.95% 55
East Midlands -12 68 £485 +7.78% 97
Wales -3 61 £523 +7.18% 44
Northern Ireland - 12 £400 - 28

For the 6 months to 30 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 3,861 (43.86%) Azure
2 3,244 (36.85%) Agile Software Development
3 2,869 (32.59%) DevOps
4 2,485 (28.23%) Python
5 2,125 (24.14%) Java
6 2,023 (22.98%) Docker
7 2,011 (22.84%) Terraform
8 1,924 (21.86%) Kubernetes
9 1,759 (19.98%) Serverless
10 1,671 (18.98%) GCP
11 1,590 (18.06%) Finance
12 1,589 (18.05%) JavaScript
13 1,537 (17.46%) Microservices
14 1,459 (16.57%) Social Skills
15 1,448 (16.45%) AWS Lambda
16 1,404 (15.95%) SQL
17 1,395 (15.85%) Software Engineering
18 1,286 (14.61%) Linux
19 1,272 (14.45%) Jenkins
20 1,187 (13.48%) React
21 1,135 (12.89%) Node.js
22 1,059 (12.03%) Security Cleared
23 1,052 (11.95%) Git (software)
24 1,041 (11.83%) Ansible
25 1,019 (11.58%) Web Services
26 958 (10.88%) Amazon S3
27 924 (10.50%) Infrastructure as Code
28 900 (10.22%) Full Stack Development
29 880 (10.00%) SC Cleared
30 877 (9.96%) TDD

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 383 (4.35%) Confluence
2 312 (3.54%) Apache Spark
3 262 (2.98%) Elasticsearch
4 198 (2.25%) Apache
5 161 (1.83%) SharePoint
6 160 (1.82%) Apache Airflow
7 100 (1.14%) Tomcat
8 99 (1.12%) nginx
9 77 (0.87%) SAS
10 64 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
11 59 (0.67%) OpenStack
12 55 (0.62%) CMS
13 52 (0.59%) WebSphere
14 45 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
15 42 (0.48%) IIS
16 29 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 28 (0.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 26 (0.30%) JBoss
19 25 (0.28%) WebLogic
20 24 (0.27%) Drupal
Applications
1 80 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
2 59 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
3 41 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 31 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 20 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
6 19 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 18 (0.20%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.045%) SPSS
9 2 (0.023%) Figma
9 2 (0.023%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.011%) SPSS Modeler
10 1 (0.011%) Stata
Business Applications
1 33 (0.37%) Magento
2 26 (0.30%) Cloudability
3 22 (0.25%) Dynamics CRM
4 18 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
5 13 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
6 12 (0.14%) assyst
6 12 (0.14%) Sentinel
7 11 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
8 10 (0.11%) Shopify
9 9 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
9 9 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 7 (0.080%) Adobe Campaign
10 7 (0.080%) SAP ERP
11 6 (0.068%) Oracle EBS
11 6 (0.068%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 4 (0.045%) Distributed Ledger
12 4 (0.045%) Remedy ITSM
12 4 (0.045%) Towers Watson Igloo
13 3 (0.034%) Oracle BPM
13 3 (0.034%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 3,861 (43.86%) Azure
2 1,759 (19.98%) Serverless
3 1,671 (18.98%) GCP
4 1,448 (16.45%) AWS Lambda
5 958 (10.88%) Amazon S3
6 696 (7.91%) AWS CloudFormation
7 516 (5.86%) PaaS
8 502 (5.70%) GitHub
9 498 (5.66%) Amazon EC2
10 457 (5.19%) Amazon SQS
11 445 (5.06%) SaaS
12 439 (4.99%) IaaS
13 310 (3.52%) Microsoft 365
14 305 (3.46%) Amazon EKS
15 282 (3.20%) Amazon ECS
16 277 (3.15%) AWS Step Functions
17 264 (3.00%) OpenShift
18 251 (2.85%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 234 (2.66%) Cloud Computing
20 183 (2.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 255 (2.90%) Firewall
2 207 (2.35%) DNS
3 173 (1.97%) HTTP
4 117 (1.33%) TCP/IP
5 110 (1.25%) SSL
6 107 (1.22%) Internet
7 100 (1.14%) Network Security
8 94 (1.07%) VPN
9 93 (1.06%) WAN
10 91 (1.03%) LAN
11 76 (0.86%) DHCP
12 65 (0.74%) SAN
13 46 (0.52%) BGP
14 42 (0.48%) OSPF
15 38 (0.43%) Wireless
16 33 (0.37%) FTP
17 32 (0.36%) IPsec
17 32 (0.36%) Kerberos
17 32 (0.36%) SD-WAN
18 30 (0.34%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 666 (7.57%) PostgreSQL
2 655 (7.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 569 (6.46%) Big Data
4 504 (5.73%) NoSQL
5 479 (5.44%) Amazon RDS
6 407 (4.62%) SQL Server
7 393 (4.46%) MongoDB
8 378 (4.29%) Hadoop
8 378 (4.29%) MySQL
9 341 (3.87%) Data Warehouse
10 302 (3.43%) Relational Database
11 258 (2.93%) Amazon Redshift
12 201 (2.28%) Data Lake
13 163 (1.85%) Power BI
14 162 (1.84%) Amazon Aurora
15 154 (1.75%) Apache Hive
16 140 (1.59%) Amazon Athena
17 134 (1.52%) Redis
18 133 (1.51%) Tableau
19 123 (1.40%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1,272 (14.45%) Jenkins
2 1,052 (11.95%) Git (software)
3 697 (7.92%) JIRA
4 431 (4.90%) GitLab
5 285 (3.24%) Maven
6 201 (2.28%) Bitbucket
7 180 (2.04%) Cucumber
8 177 (2.01%) JUnit
9 139 (1.58%) Artifactory
10 134 (1.52%) SonarQube
11 130 (1.48%) Selenium
11 130 (1.48%) Sonatype Nexus
12 109 (1.24%) CircleCI
13 107 (1.22%) TeamCity
14 100 (1.14%) Visual Studio
15 99 (1.12%) webpack
16 94 (1.07%) Gradle
17 93 (1.06%) Postman
18 79 (0.90%) Cypress.io
18 79 (0.90%) JMeter
General
1 1,590 (18.06%) Finance
2 1,459 (16.57%) Social Skills
3 692 (7.86%) Public Sector
4 516 (5.86%) Banking
5 445 (5.06%) Analytical Skills
6 384 (4.36%) Front Office
7 186 (2.11%) Retail
8 167 (1.90%) Telecoms
9 158 (1.79%) Presentation Skills
10 147 (1.67%) Marketing
11 124 (1.41%) Influencing Skills
12 101 (1.15%) Investment Banking
13 91 (1.03%) Legal
14 86 (0.98%) Manufacturing
15 80 (0.91%) Law
16 72 (0.82%) Electronics
16 72 (0.82%) Financial Institution
17 69 (0.78%) Documentation Skills
18 44 (0.50%) Billing
18 44 (0.50%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,435 (27.66%) Developer
2 1,540 (17.49%) Architect
3 1,064 (12.09%) DevOps Engineer
4 980 (11.13%) AWS Engineer
5 541 (6.15%) Java Developer
6 486 (5.52%) Data Engineer
7 485 (5.51%) Software Engineer
8 467 (5.31%) Cloud Architect
9 463 (5.26%) AWS Developer
10 462 (5.25%) AWS Architect
11 459 (5.21%) Solutions Architect
12 450 (5.11%) AWS DevOps
13 409 (4.65%) React Developer
14 383 (4.35%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 380 (4.32%) Cloud Engineer
16 362 (4.11%) Consultant
17 351 (3.99%) Full Stack Developer
18 327 (3.71%) Analyst
19 312 (3.54%) Senior Developer
20 282 (3.20%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,187 (13.48%) React
2 1,135 (12.89%) Node.js
3 1,019 (11.58%) Web Services
4 614 (6.97%) REST
5 613 (6.96%) Spring
6 585 (6.65%) .NET
7 541 (6.15%) Kafka
8 505 (5.74%) AngularJS
9 459 (5.21%) Spring Boot
10 445 (5.06%) HTML
11 422 (4.79%) CSS
12 372 (4.23%) RESTful
13 287 (3.26%) GraphQL
14 242 (2.75%) JSON
15 233 (2.65%) Material-UI
16 193 (2.19%) .NET Core
17 174 (1.98%) OAuth
18 155 (1.76%) Vue.js
19 153 (1.74%) HTML5
20 150 (1.70%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 469 (5.33%) Public Cloud
2 467 (5.31%) Cloud Native
3 294 (3.34%) Data Centre
4 248 (2.82%) User Experience
5 220 (2.50%) Greenfield Project
6 184 (2.09%) Data Structures
7 180 (2.04%) Legacy Systems
8 170 (1.93%) Hybrid Cloud
9 162 (1.84%) Algorithms
10 149 (1.69%) Derivative
11 148 (1.68%) Data Protection Act
12 140 (1.59%) Fixed Income
13 130 (1.48%) Self-Motivation
14 129 (1.47%) Hedge funds
15 124 (1.41%) Equities
16 123 (1.40%) Management Information System
17 120 (1.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 114 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
19 78 (0.89%) NHS
20 73 (0.83%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,286 (14.61%) Linux
2 686 (7.79%) Windows
3 325 (3.69%) Unix
4 197 (2.24%) Windows Server
5 165 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 76 (0.86%) CentOS
7 66 (0.75%) Ubuntu
8 47 (0.53%) Windows 10
9 41 (0.47%) Android
10 38 (0.43%) Apple iOS
11 36 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
11 36 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
12 31 (0.35%) Solaris
13 29 (0.33%) SUSE
14 27 (0.31%) AIX
15 23 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
16 17 (0.19%) Mac OS X
16 17 (0.19%) Windows Server 2019
17 13 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
18 12 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,244 (36.85%) Agile Software Development
2 2,869 (32.59%) DevOps
3 1,537 (17.46%) Microservices
4 1,395 (15.85%) Software Engineering
5 924 (10.50%) Infrastructure as Code
6 900 (10.22%) Full Stack Development
7 877 (9.96%) TDD
8 858 (9.75%) Migration
9 793 (9.01%) Scrum
10 684 (7.77%) Analytics
11 675 (7.67%) Test Automation
12 597 (6.78%) Problem-Solving
13 562 (6.38%) Continuous Integration
14 414 (4.70%) ETL
15 410 (4.66%) Configuration Management
16 398 (4.52%) Stakeholder Management
17 397 (4.51%) Open Source
18 394 (4.48%) Asset Management
18 394 (4.48%) Business Intelligence
19 389 (4.42%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 2,485 (28.23%) Python
2 2,125 (24.14%) Java
3 1,589 (18.05%) JavaScript
4 1,404 (15.95%) SQL
5 768 (8.72%) TypeScript
6 479 (5.44%) C#
7 426 (4.84%) Bash Shell
8 406 (4.61%) PowerShell
9 379 (4.31%) Scala
10 345 (3.92%) Go
11 284 (3.23%) Java 8
12 224 (2.54%) C++
13 198 (2.25%) Ruby
14 191 (2.17%) Kotlin
15 182 (2.07%) PHP
16 168 (1.91%) C
17 155 (1.76%) Shell Script
18 147 (1.67%) Java 11
19 140 (1.59%) R
20 128 (1.45%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,059 (12.03%) Security Cleared
2 880 (10.00%) SC Cleared
3 480 (5.45%) Degree
4 254 (2.89%) AWS Certification
5 135 (1.53%) CISSP
6 121 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
7 96 (1.09%) DV Cleared
8 94 (1.07%) Cisco Certification
9 83 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
10 44 (0.50%) CISM
10 44 (0.50%) ISTQB
11 42 (0.48%) CCNP
12 40 (0.45%) Microsoft Certification
13 38 (0.43%) TOGAF Certification
14 32 (0.36%) Master's Degree
15 31 (0.35%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 28 (0.32%) CCNA
16 28 (0.32%) ITIL Certification
17 26 (0.30%) CCIE
17 26 (0.30%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 254 (2.89%) QA
2 164 (1.86%) Accessibility
3 127 (1.44%) GDPR
4 104 (1.18%) Data Quality
5 67 (0.76%) SLA
6 63 (0.72%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 48 (0.55%) NIST
8 47 (0.53%) PCI DSS
9 24 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
10 21 (0.24%) GRC
10 21 (0.24%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 13 (0.15%) IFRS
12 12 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
12 12 (0.14%) NCSC
13 9 (0.10%) HIPAA
14 7 (0.080%) COBIT
15 6 (0.068%) Actionable Recommendations
15 6 (0.068%) PMO
15 6 (0.068%) SOC 2
16 5 (0.057%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 2,023 (22.98%) Docker
2 344 (3.91%) VMware Infrastructure
3 343 (3.90%) Active Directory
4 82 (0.93%) Hyper-V
5 80 (0.91%) HDFS
6 70 (0.80%) vSphere
7 63 (0.72%) Virtual Desktop
8 61 (0.69%) VMware ESXi
9 59 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
10 48 (0.55%) Microsoft App-V
11 37 (0.42%) XenApp
12 31 (0.35%) VMware NSX
13 29 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 20 (0.23%) Varnish
15 19 (0.22%) Xen
16 18 (0.20%) NFS
17 17 (0.19%) KVM
18 15 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
19 13 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
20 12 (0.14%) RACF
Systems Management
1 2,011 (22.84%) Terraform
2 1,924 (21.86%) Kubernetes
3 1,041 (11.83%) Ansible
4 363 (4.12%) Puppet
5 275 (3.12%) Grafana
6 253 (2.87%) Opscode Chef
7 204 (2.32%) Prometheus
8 106 (1.20%) Kibana
8 106 (1.20%) Packer
9 72 (0.82%) Microsoft Intune
10 68 (0.77%) Rancher
10 68 (0.77%) Single Sign-On
11 67 (0.76%) SCCM
12 56 (0.64%) Istio
13 48 (0.55%) Docker Swarm
13 48 (0.55%) Nagios
14 38 (0.43%) Consul
15 37 (0.42%) logstash
16 36 (0.41%) vRealize
17 27 (0.31%) Active Directory Federation Services
Vendors
1 782 (8.88%) Microsoft
2 683 (7.76%) Oracle
3 658 (7.47%) Google
4 528 (6.00%) VMware
5 255 (2.90%) Splunk
6 240 (2.73%) SAP
7 170 (1.93%) Informatica
8 166 (1.89%) IBM
9 165 (1.87%) Cisco
10 158 (1.79%) Salesforce.com
11 153 (1.74%) Red Hat
12 141 (1.60%) Cloudera
13 132 (1.50%) ServiceNow
14 130 (1.48%) Databricks
15 127 (1.44%) Citrix
16 126 (1.43%) MuleSoft
17 94 (1.07%) Atlassian
18 78 (0.89%) F5
18 78 (0.89%) HP
19 76 (0.86%) New Relic