Period
to 26 February 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 26 February 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
26 Feb 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 13 12
Rank change year-on-year +4 -1 +11
Contract jobs citing AWS 5,585 6,643 9,408
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.74% 9.77% 9.49%
As % of the Cloud Services category 34.70% 32.43% 36.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,772 4,951 6,988
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £388 £383 £393
90th Percentile £688 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £485 £500 £500
% change year-on-year -3.00% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 18 14
Median hourly rate £40.00 £46.70 £48.40
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.35% -3.51% +8.76%
10th Percentile £24.65 £19.68 £29.61
90th Percentile £66.25 £58.98 £87.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.00 £47.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year +23.40% +11.90% -6.67%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 16,093 20,482 25,761
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.82% 30.11% 25.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,449 14,376 18,076
Median daily rate £500 £488 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% -2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £308 £275 £309
90th Percentile £650 £669 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 311 297 281
Median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +14.29% -3.06%
10th Percentile £12.38 £12.65 £11.28
90th Percentile £61.25 £59.20 £45.00
Median hourly rate £19.50 £18.75 £17.43
% change year-on-year +4.00% +7.57% +16.20%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 26 February 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 26 February 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 4,520 £525 -2.78% 2,698
London +2 2,878 £550 - 1,228
Work from Home +5 1,969 £525 - 649
UK excluding London +2 1,584 £485 -3.00% 1,607
North of England +1 528 £488 -2.50% 570
North West +3 308 £468 -10.95% 340
South East +5 286 £488 -2.50% 345
South West +3 211 £500 -4.76% 171
Scotland -3 192 £463 -7.50% 88
Midlands -2 181 £468 -6.50% 233
Yorkshire +3 160 £500 +5.26% 176
East of England -1 127 £500 - 138
West Midlands -10 107 £450 -10.00% 147
East Midlands -2 64 £468 -1.58% 84
Wales 0 62 £490 - 35
North East +7 59 £500 +15.27% 54
Northern Ireland -1 4 £450 -5.26% 29

For the 6 months to 26 February 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 2,279 (40.81%) Azure
2 2,219 (39.73%) Agile Software Development
3 1,898 (33.98%) DevOps
4 1,850 (33.12%) Python
5 1,447 (25.91%) Java
6 1,401 (25.09%) Kubernetes
7 1,360 (24.35%) Terraform
8 1,304 (23.35%) Docker
9 1,101 (19.71%) JavaScript
10 1,086 (19.44%) Finance
11 1,073 (19.21%) Microservices
12 1,055 (18.89%) Serverless
13 1,028 (18.41%) GCP
14 979 (17.53%) Software Engineering
15 909 (16.28%) Jenkins
16 892 (15.97%) Web Services
17 885 (15.85%) SQL
18 864 (15.47%) AWS Lambda
19 845 (15.13%) Linux
20 787 (14.09%) Node.js
21 782 (14.00%) Security Cleared
22 775 (13.88%) React
23 773 (13.84%) Ansible
24 684 (12.25%) SC Cleared
25 628 (11.24%) Git (software)
26 622 (11.14%) Infrastructure as Code
27 618 (11.07%) Amazon S3
28 612 (10.96%) TDD
29 508 (9.10%) Migration
30 476 (8.52%) Scrum

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 276 (4.94%) Confluence
2 236 (4.23%) Apache
3 205 (3.67%) Apache Spark
4 161 (2.88%) Elasticsearch
5 72 (1.29%) Apache Airflow
6 68 (1.22%) Cloud Foundry
7 57 (1.02%) SharePoint
8 52 (0.93%) JBoss
9 50 (0.90%) Tomcat
10 43 (0.77%) CMS
11 40 (0.72%) WebSphere
12 39 (0.70%) nginx
13 37 (0.66%) BizTalk Server
14 35 (0.63%) OpenStack
15 34 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 29 (0.52%) SAS
17 26 (0.47%) IIS
18 25 (0.45%) Mule
19 23 (0.41%) WebLogic
20 21 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 31 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
1 31 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
3 15 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
4 14 (0.25%) MS Visio
5 13 (0.23%) Chatbot
6 5 (0.090%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 4 (0.072%) Adobe Premiere
8 3 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.054%) InfoPath
8 3 (0.054%) Sketch
9 1 (0.018%) Figma
Business Applications
1 15 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
2 14 (0.25%) Magento
3 11 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 8 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
5 8 (0.14%) SAP S/4HANA
6 6 (0.11%) assyst
6 6 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
6 6 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
7 5 (0.090%) Dynamics AX
7 5 (0.090%) Oracle BPM
7 5 (0.090%) Sentinel
8 4 (0.072%) Shopify
9 3 (0.054%) Avolution ABACUS
9 3 (0.054%) Payment Gateway
9 3 (0.054%) SAP GRC
10 2 (0.036%) Fredhopper
10 2 (0.036%) SAP APO
10 2 (0.036%) SAP ERP
11 1 (0.018%) Oracle 11i
Cloud Services
1 2,279 (40.81%) Azure
2 1,055 (18.89%) Serverless
3 1,028 (18.41%) GCP
4 864 (15.47%) AWS Lambda
5 618 (11.07%) Amazon S3
6 444 (7.95%) AWS CloudFormation
7 396 (7.09%) Amazon EC2
8 293 (5.25%) PaaS
9 261 (4.67%) GitHub
10 247 (4.42%) SaaS
11 238 (4.26%) Amazon SQS
12 230 (4.12%) IaaS
13 224 (4.01%) Amazon ECS
14 221 (3.96%) Amazon EKS
15 190 (3.40%) Cloud Computing
16 186 (3.33%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 174 (3.12%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 174 (3.12%) OpenShift
18 156 (2.79%) AWS Step Functions
19 98 (1.75%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 161 (2.88%) Firewall
2 99 (1.77%) DNS
3 94 (1.68%) SSL
4 86 (1.54%) HTTP
5 82 (1.47%) WAN
6 81 (1.45%) VPN
7 79 (1.41%) Network Security
8 65 (1.16%) TCP/IP
9 60 (1.07%) LAN
10 54 (0.97%) Internet
11 40 (0.72%) Kerberos
11 40 (0.72%) SAN
12 36 (0.64%) DHCP
13 35 (0.63%) IPsec
14 25 (0.45%) Wireless
15 24 (0.43%) MPLS
15 24 (0.43%) SSH
16 22 (0.39%) BGP
16 22 (0.39%) OSPF
16 22 (0.39%) Unified Communications
Database & Business Intelligence
1 414 (7.41%) PostgreSQL
2 394 (7.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 369 (6.61%) Amazon RDS
4 300 (5.37%) Big Data
5 277 (4.96%) MySQL
6 274 (4.91%) SQL Server
7 265 (4.74%) NoSQL
8 237 (4.24%) Relational Database
9 230 (4.12%) Data Warehouse
10 213 (3.81%) MongoDB
11 176 (3.15%) Hadoop
12 167 (2.99%) Amazon Redshift
13 117 (2.09%) Data Lake
14 91 (1.63%) Tableau
15 88 (1.58%) Amazon Aurora
16 85 (1.52%) Apache Hive
17 83 (1.49%) Power BI
18 80 (1.43%) Amazon Athena
19 75 (1.34%) Redis
20 68 (1.22%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 909 (16.28%) Jenkins
2 628 (11.24%) Git (software)
3 447 (8.00%) JIRA
4 315 (5.64%) GitLab
5 191 (3.42%) Maven
6 130 (2.33%) Bitbucket
7 112 (2.01%) JUnit
8 107 (1.92%) SonarQube
9 104 (1.86%) Artifactory
10 100 (1.79%) Selenium
11 99 (1.77%) Cucumber
12 95 (1.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 87 (1.56%) Sonatype Nexus
14 65 (1.16%) TeamCity
15 62 (1.11%) Gradle
16 60 (1.07%) Mockito
17 56 (1.00%) webpack
18 54 (0.97%) CircleCI
19 50 (0.90%) Visual Studio
20 49 (0.88%) JMeter
General
1 1,086 (19.44%) Finance
2 465 (8.33%) Public Sector
3 401 (7.18%) Front Office
4 301 (5.39%) Banking
5 122 (2.18%) Telecoms
6 104 (1.86%) Marketing
7 98 (1.75%) Retail
8 58 (1.04%) Manufacturing
9 52 (0.93%) Electronics
10 48 (0.86%) Investment Banking
11 35 (0.63%) Law
12 32 (0.57%) Advertising
13 30 (0.54%) Billing
14 28 (0.50%) Back Office
14 28 (0.50%) Games
15 26 (0.47%) Retail Banking
16 21 (0.38%) Publishing
17 17 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
18 16 (0.29%) German Language
18 16 (0.29%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,819 (32.57%) Developer
2 884 (15.83%) Architect
3 772 (13.82%) DevOps Engineer
4 690 (12.35%) AWS Engineer
5 412 (7.38%) Software Engineer
6 392 (7.02%) AWS Developer
7 391 (7.00%) AWS DevOps
8 378 (6.77%) Java Developer
9 373 (6.68%) React Developer
10 327 (5.85%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 306 (5.48%) Cloud Engineer
12 292 (5.23%) Python Developer
13 273 (4.89%) Data Engineer
14 252 (4.51%) Full Stack Developer
15 245 (4.39%) Cloud Architect
16 231 (4.14%) Python Engineer
17 227 (4.06%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 222 (3.97%) AWS Architect
19 219 (3.92%) JavaScript Developer
20 216 (3.87%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 892 (15.97%) Web Services
2 787 (14.09%) Node.js
3 775 (13.88%) React
4 415 (7.43%) .NET
5 393 (7.04%) REST
6 380 (6.80%) AngularJS
6 380 (6.80%) Spring
7 352 (6.30%) Kafka
8 287 (5.14%) Spring Boot
9 283 (5.07%) HTML
10 276 (4.94%) RESTful
11 243 (4.35%) CSS
12 194 (3.47%) Vue.js
13 183 (3.28%) JSON
14 144 (2.58%) Elastic Stack
15 130 (2.33%) HTML5
15 130 (2.33%) Redux
16 129 (2.31%) GraphQL
17 122 (2.18%) .NET Core
18 118 (2.11%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 284 (5.09%) Greenfield Project
2 282 (5.05%) Analytical Skills
3 278 (4.98%) Cloud Native
4 247 (4.42%) Public Cloud
5 234 (4.19%) User Experience
6 207 (3.71%) Fixed Income
7 204 (3.65%) Derivative
8 196 (3.51%) Equities
9 165 (2.95%) Hedge funds
10 162 (2.90%) Data Centre
11 152 (2.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 118 (2.11%) Mobile App
13 93 (1.67%) Enterprise Software
14 91 (1.63%) Blog
15 81 (1.45%) Data Structures
16 76 (1.36%) Algorithms
17 72 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
18 61 (1.09%) Management Information System
19 56 (1.00%) Private Cloud
20 49 (0.88%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 845 (15.13%) Linux
2 349 (6.25%) Windows
3 184 (3.29%) Unix
4 103 (1.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 98 (1.75%) Windows Server
6 74 (1.32%) Android
7 66 (1.18%) Apple iOS
8 41 (0.73%) Ubuntu
9 39 (0.70%) CentOS
10 29 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
11 26 (0.47%) Mac OS X
12 25 (0.45%) Windows Server 2016
13 24 (0.43%) Windows 10
14 21 (0.38%) Solaris
14 21 (0.38%) Windows Server 2008
15 16 (0.29%) SUSE
16 14 (0.25%) Windows Server 2019
17 12 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
18 8 (0.14%) AIX
19 7 (0.13%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,219 (39.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1,898 (33.98%) DevOps
3 1,073 (19.21%) Microservices
4 979 (17.53%) Software Engineering
5 622 (11.14%) Infrastructure as Code
6 612 (10.96%) TDD
7 508 (9.10%) Migration
8 476 (8.52%) Scrum
9 457 (8.18%) Test Automation
10 434 (7.77%) Asset Management
11 392 (7.02%) Continuous Integration
12 364 (6.52%) Analytics
13 363 (6.50%) Open Source
14 331 (5.93%) Problem-Solving
15 310 (5.55%) Investment Management
16 309 (5.53%) ETL
17 302 (5.41%) Configuration Management
18 297 (5.32%) Data Modelling
19 281 (5.03%) Continuous Delivery
20 274 (4.91%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 1,850 (33.12%) Python
2 1,447 (25.91%) Java
3 1,101 (19.71%) JavaScript
4 885 (15.85%) SQL
5 373 (6.68%) TypeScript
6 365 (6.54%) Bash Shell
7 308 (5.51%) C#
8 249 (4.46%) Kotlin
9 248 (4.44%) Go
9 248 (4.44%) Java 8
10 241 (4.32%) Scala
11 231 (4.14%) PowerShell
12 147 (2.63%) Ruby
13 137 (2.45%) C++
14 127 (2.27%) PHP
15 107 (1.92%) Shell Script
16 94 (1.68%) R
17 87 (1.56%) Perl
18 81 (1.45%) PL/SQL
19 77 (1.38%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 782 (14.00%) Security Cleared
2 684 (12.25%) SC Cleared
3 215 (3.85%) Degree
4 121 (2.17%) AWS Certification
5 70 (1.25%) Computer Science Degree
6 69 (1.24%) DV Cleared
7 68 (1.22%) CISSP
8 58 (1.04%) Cisco Certification
9 42 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
10 39 (0.70%) CISM
11 29 (0.52%) CCNP
12 28 (0.50%) CESG Certified Professional
13 24 (0.43%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 23 (0.41%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 20 (0.36%) CCSP
15 20 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
15 20 (0.36%) TOGAF Certification
16 17 (0.30%) CCNA
17 16 (0.29%) ISTQB
17 16 (0.29%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 163 (2.92%) QA
2 67 (1.20%) Data Quality
3 46 (0.82%) GDPR
3 46 (0.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 38 (0.68%) NIST
5 27 (0.48%) SLA
6 25 (0.45%) PCI DSS
7 23 (0.41%) NCSC
8 19 (0.34%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 17 (0.30%) Dublin Core
10 13 (0.23%) WCAG
11 12 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
11 12 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 11 (0.20%) JSP 440
13 9 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
14 8 (0.14%) HIPAA
15 7 (0.13%) NIST 800
16 6 (0.11%) OASIS TOSCA
17 5 (0.090%) PMO
18 4 (0.072%) RMADS
System Software
1 1,304 (23.35%) Docker
2 182 (3.26%) VMware Infrastructure
3 169 (3.03%) Active Directory
4 51 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
5 50 (0.90%) Hyper-V
6 49 (0.88%) HDFS
7 43 (0.77%) vSphere
8 41 (0.73%) VMware ESXi
9 27 (0.48%) GlusterFS
10 24 (0.43%) RACF
10 24 (0.43%) VMware NSX
11 17 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 15 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
13 14 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
14 13 (0.23%) Xen
15 12 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
16 11 (0.20%) KVM
17 8 (0.14%) XenApp
18 7 (0.13%) NFS
18 7 (0.13%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,401 (25.09%) Kubernetes
2 1,360 (24.35%) Terraform
3 773 (13.84%) Ansible
4 303 (5.43%) Puppet
5 243 (4.35%) Opscode Chef
6 168 (3.01%) Prometheus
7 135 (2.42%) Grafana
8 88 (1.58%) Single Sign-On
9 80 (1.43%) Kibana
10 67 (1.20%) Istio
11 56 (1.00%) Packer
12 48 (0.86%) Consul
13 46 (0.82%) logstash
14 39 (0.70%) Rancher
15 28 (0.50%) Nagios
16 25 (0.45%) Fluentd
17 24 (0.43%) Salt
17 24 (0.43%) vRealize
18 23 (0.41%) Docker Swarm
19 18 (0.32%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 457 (8.18%) Microsoft
2 403 (7.22%) Google
3 395 (7.07%) Oracle
4 302 (5.41%) VMware
5 218 (3.90%) Splunk
6 139 (2.49%) SAP
7 138 (2.47%) MuleSoft
8 110 (1.97%) Cisco
9 109 (1.95%) Red Hat
10 101 (1.81%) Cloudera
11 97 (1.74%) IBM
12 92 (1.65%) AppDynamics
13 82 (1.47%) Atlassian
14 69 (1.24%) Informatica
15 67 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
16 53 (0.95%) Databricks
17 51 (0.91%) F5
17 51 (0.91%) Talend
18 46 (0.82%) ServiceNow
19 40 (0.72%) CheckPoint