Period
to 26 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 26 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
26 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 13 11
Rank change year-on-year +4 -2 +20
Contract jobs citing AWS 4,218 7,947 9,197
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.51% 9.62% 8.91%
As % of the Cloud Services category 35.58% 32.69% 36.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,516 5,668 6,872
Median daily rate £525 £535 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.87% +1.90% +5.00%
10th Percentile £363 £390 £381
90th Percentile £700 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £493
% change year-on-year -5.00% +1.52% +3.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 32 9
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -17.65% +5.85%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.25
% change year-on-year - -0.71% -13.94%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 11,854 24,307 24,929
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 32.34% 29.43% 24.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,640 16,480 17,272
Median daily rate £495 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.00% +5.26% +2.15%
10th Percentile £304 £281 £300
90th Percentile £671 £660 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £445
% change year-on-year - +1.12% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 270 427 334
Median hourly rate £28.00 £21.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.33% +20.00% -12.50%
10th Percentile £13.25 £14.00 £11.25
90th Percentile £60.00 £78.75 £62.06
Median hourly rate £22.66 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +13.30% +14.29% -

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 26 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 3,633 £525 -2.78% 2,048
London +2 2,296 £550 - 887
UK excluding London +1 1,330 £475 -5.00% 1,306
Work from Home +4 1,057 £525 +5.00% 460
North of England +7 488 £475 -4.04% 473
North West +2 265 £450 -10.00% 278
South East +8 249 £475 -5.00% 237
South West +9 187 £500 -6.98% 132
Yorkshire +6 161 £475 - 149
Midlands -14 132 £468 -6.50% 195
East of England -3 116 £475 -5.00% 118
Scotland -9 108 £445 -11.00% 98
West Midlands -16 79 £435 -13.00% 108
North East +11 60 £525 +16.02% 46
Wales +17 51 £475 -5.00% 35
East Midlands -5 48 £480 +1.05% 86
Northern Ireland +1 1 £450 -5.26% 17

For the 6 months to 26 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 1,752 (41.54%) Agile Software Development
2 1,727 (40.94%) Azure
3 1,590 (37.70%) DevOps
4 1,530 (36.27%) Python
5 1,430 (33.90%) Java
6 1,123 (26.62%) Kubernetes
7 1,076 (25.51%) Docker
8 985 (23.35%) Terraform
9 905 (21.46%) Microservices
10 904 (21.43%) Finance
11 858 (20.34%) Jenkins
12 851 (20.18%) GCP
13 850 (20.15%) Web Services
14 805 (19.08%) JavaScript
15 795 (18.85%) Software Engineering
16 783 (18.56%) Serverless
17 722 (17.12%) SQL
18 670 (15.88%) Security Cleared
19 657 (15.58%) Linux
20 655 (15.53%) AWS Lambda
21 616 (14.60%) Ansible
22 611 (14.49%) React
23 563 (13.35%) Node.js
24 557 (13.21%) SC Cleared
25 543 (12.87%) Git (software)
26 497 (11.78%) TDD
27 496 (11.76%) Scrum
28 485 (11.50%) Asset Management
29 475 (11.26%) Amazon S3
30 439 (10.41%) AngularJS

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 236 (5.60%) Apache
2 229 (5.43%) Confluence
3 159 (3.77%) Apache Spark
4 143 (3.39%) Elasticsearch
5 93 (2.20%) Cloud Foundry
6 54 (1.28%) Tomcat
7 52 (1.23%) Mule
8 40 (0.95%) SharePoint
8 40 (0.95%) WebLogic
9 36 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 34 (0.81%) nginx
11 31 (0.73%) Apache Airflow
12 30 (0.71%) JBoss
13 27 (0.64%) MQSeries
14 25 (0.59%) IIS
15 24 (0.57%) Red Hat Fuse
16 21 (0.50%) OpenStack
16 21 (0.50%) WebSphere
17 20 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
17 20 (0.47%) SAS
Applications
1 41 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 31 (0.73%) Spreadsheet
3 8 (0.19%) Chatbot
4 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Office
4 6 (0.14%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
6 4 (0.095%) Adobe Premiere
7 3 (0.071%) Adobe Illustrator
7 3 (0.071%) InfoPath
7 3 (0.071%) Sketch
8 2 (0.047%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 1 (0.024%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 13 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 11 (0.26%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.19%) Magento
3 8 (0.19%) Sentinel
4 7 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
4 7 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
5 6 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
7 4 (0.095%) assyst
7 4 (0.095%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.095%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 3 (0.071%) Avolution ABACUS
8 3 (0.071%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.071%) SAP APO
8 3 (0.071%) SAP ERP
8 3 (0.071%) SAP MDM
9 2 (0.047%) Distributed Ledger
9 2 (0.047%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.047%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.047%) SAP BPC
Cloud Services
1 1,727 (40.94%) Azure
2 851 (20.18%) GCP
3 783 (18.56%) Serverless
4 655 (15.53%) AWS Lambda
5 475 (11.26%) Amazon S3
6 411 (9.74%) Amazon EC2
7 360 (8.53%) AWS CloudFormation
8 261 (6.19%) Amazon ECS
9 236 (5.60%) GitHub
10 202 (4.79%) PaaS
11 176 (4.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 172 (4.08%) SaaS
13 167 (3.96%) Amazon EKS
13 167 (3.96%) IaaS
14 152 (3.60%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 145 (3.44%) OpenShift
16 143 (3.39%) Amazon SQS
17 110 (2.61%) Cloud Computing
18 79 (1.87%) Route 53
19 76 (1.80%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 160 (3.79%) Firewall
2 114 (2.70%) DNS
3 100 (2.37%) SSL
4 81 (1.92%) TCP/IP
5 74 (1.75%) HTTP
6 70 (1.66%) VPN
7 69 (1.64%) Network Security
8 65 (1.54%) WAN
9 40 (0.95%) DHCP
9 40 (0.95%) LAN
10 37 (0.88%) Internet
11 30 (0.71%) Kerberos
12 29 (0.69%) SAN
13 25 (0.59%) IPsec
14 22 (0.52%) Reverse Proxy
14 22 (0.52%) SSH
15 20 (0.47%) Skype
15 20 (0.47%) VoIP
16 18 (0.43%) MPLS
17 17 (0.40%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 350 (8.30%) PostgreSQL
2 313 (7.42%) MySQL
3 308 (7.30%) SQL Server
4 271 (6.42%) Amazon RDS
5 254 (6.02%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 226 (5.36%) NoSQL
7 224 (5.31%) Relational Database
8 220 (5.22%) Big Data
9 216 (5.12%) MongoDB
10 197 (4.67%) Amazon Redshift
11 173 (4.10%) Hadoop
12 155 (3.67%) Data Warehouse
13 82 (1.94%) Data Lake
14 81 (1.92%) Apache Hive
15 66 (1.56%) Redis
16 64 (1.52%) RDBMS
17 62 (1.47%) Amazon Aurora
18 61 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
18 61 (1.45%) Pentaho
19 55 (1.30%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 858 (20.34%) Jenkins
2 543 (12.87%) Git (software)
3 350 (8.30%) JIRA
4 326 (7.73%) GitLab
5 197 (4.67%) Maven
6 172 (4.08%) Artifactory
7 114 (2.70%) JUnit
8 108 (2.56%) Cucumber
9 102 (2.42%) Bitbucket
10 98 (2.32%) Selenium
11 95 (2.25%) Sonatype Nexus
12 88 (2.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 87 (2.06%) SonarQube
14 78 (1.85%) Mockito
15 65 (1.54%) Gradle
16 56 (1.33%) TeamCity
17 48 (1.14%) RStudio
18 45 (1.07%) CircleCI
18 45 (1.07%) Vagrant
19 41 (0.97%) IntelliJ
General
1 904 (21.43%) Finance
2 386 (9.15%) Front Office
3 377 (8.94%) Banking
4 352 (8.35%) Public Sector
5 105 (2.49%) Investment Banking
6 79 (1.87%) Retail
7 78 (1.85%) Marketing
8 77 (1.83%) Telecoms
9 48 (1.14%) Manufacturing
10 42 (1.00%) Back Office
11 39 (0.92%) Law
12 38 (0.90%) Electronics
13 29 (0.69%) Advertising
14 25 (0.59%) Games
15 18 (0.43%) Retail Banking
16 16 (0.38%) Publishing
17 14 (0.33%) Police
18 13 (0.31%) German Language
19 11 (0.26%) Billing
19 11 (0.26%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,383 (32.79%) Developer
2 651 (15.43%) AWS Engineer
3 650 (15.41%) Architect
4 610 (14.46%) DevOps Engineer
5 369 (8.75%) Java Developer
6 367 (8.70%) Software Engineer
7 334 (7.92%) AWS DevOps
8 311 (7.37%) AWS Developer
9 289 (6.85%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 256 (6.07%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 239 (5.67%) Python Developer
12 231 (5.48%) Cloud Engineer
13 201 (4.77%) Python Engineer
14 184 (4.36%) AWS Architect
15 183 (4.34%) Cloud Architect
16 171 (4.05%) JavaScript Developer
17 164 (3.89%) Full Stack Developer
17 164 (3.89%) React Developer
18 158 (3.75%) Solutions Architect
19 152 (3.60%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 850 (20.15%) Web Services
2 611 (14.49%) React
3 563 (13.35%) Node.js
4 439 (10.41%) AngularJS
5 390 (9.25%) Spring
6 335 (7.94%) REST
7 310 (7.35%) .NET
8 290 (6.88%) Spring Boot
9 244 (5.78%) Vue.js
10 231 (5.48%) Kafka
11 230 (5.45%) RESTful
12 200 (4.74%) HTML
13 165 (3.91%) CSS
14 162 (3.84%) JSON
15 126 (2.99%) gRPC
16 120 (2.84%) Redux
17 119 (2.82%) OAuth
18 114 (2.70%) .NET Core
19 113 (2.68%) Elastic Stack
19 113 (2.68%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 356 (8.44%) Derivative
2 351 (8.32%) Fixed Income
3 310 (7.35%) Equities
4 297 (7.04%) Hedge funds
5 267 (6.33%) Greenfield Project
6 211 (5.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 187 (4.43%) Public Cloud
8 177 (4.20%) Analytical Skills
9 151 (3.58%) Cloud Native
10 149 (3.53%) User Experience
11 139 (3.30%) Mobile App
12 119 (2.82%) Data Centre
13 83 (1.97%) Blog
14 62 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
15 59 (1.40%) Management Information System
16 46 (1.09%) Private Cloud
17 44 (1.04%) Hybrid Cloud
18 42 (1.00%) Linux Command Line
19 40 (0.95%) Credit Derivative
20 37 (0.88%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 657 (15.58%) Linux
2 263 (6.24%) Windows
3 165 (3.91%) Unix
4 106 (2.51%) Android
5 101 (2.39%) Apple iOS
6 84 (1.99%) Windows Server
7 78 (1.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 47 (1.11%) CentOS
8 47 (1.11%) Ubuntu
9 35 (0.83%) Mac OS X
10 31 (0.73%) Windows Server 2012
11 24 (0.57%) Debian
11 24 (0.57%) Windows Server 2016
12 23 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
13 21 (0.50%) Windows Server 2019
14 18 (0.43%) Windows 10
15 13 (0.31%) VMS
16 8 (0.19%) Solaris
16 8 (0.19%) SUSE
17 7 (0.17%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,752 (41.54%) Agile Software Development
2 1,590 (37.70%) DevOps
3 905 (21.46%) Microservices
4 795 (18.85%) Software Engineering
5 497 (11.78%) TDD
6 496 (11.76%) Scrum
7 485 (11.50%) Asset Management
8 433 (10.27%) Test Automation
9 415 (9.84%) Infrastructure as Code
10 411 (9.74%) Migration
11 337 (7.99%) Investment Management
12 328 (7.78%) Open Source
13 314 (7.44%) Continuous Integration
14 277 (6.57%) Continuous Delivery
15 267 (6.33%) BDD
16 243 (5.76%) Analytics
17 236 (5.60%) ETL
18 235 (5.57%) Configuration Management
19 213 (5.05%) Problem-Solving
20 211 (5.00%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1,530 (36.27%) Python
2 1,430 (33.90%) Java
3 805 (19.08%) JavaScript
4 722 (17.12%) SQL
5 340 (8.06%) Bash Shell
6 267 (6.33%) C#
7 243 (5.76%) Java 8
8 220 (5.22%) Kotlin
9 206 (4.88%) TypeScript
10 178 (4.22%) PowerShell
11 169 (4.01%) Go
12 144 (3.41%) Scala
13 133 (3.15%) Ruby
14 128 (3.03%) R
15 99 (2.35%) Shell Script
16 91 (2.16%) PHP
17 88 (2.09%) C++
18 79 (1.87%) Perl
19 58 (1.38%) C
20 51 (1.21%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 670 (15.88%) Security Cleared
2 557 (13.21%) SC Cleared
3 138 (3.27%) Degree
4 110 (2.61%) AWS Certification
5 87 (2.06%) DV Cleared
6 60 (1.42%) CISSP
7 56 (1.33%) Cisco Certification
8 49 (1.16%) BPSS Clearance
8 49 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
9 29 (0.69%) Sun Certification
10 26 (0.62%) (ISC)2 CCSP
10 26 (0.62%) CISM
11 24 (0.57%) CCNP
12 19 (0.45%) CCSP
13 17 (0.40%) TOGAF Certification
14 16 (0.38%) DBS Check
14 16 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
15 15 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 15 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
16 14 (0.33%) CESG Certified Professional
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 135 (3.20%) QA
2 49 (1.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 47 (1.11%) Data Quality
4 34 (0.81%) NIST
5 29 (0.69%) GDPR
6 25 (0.59%) NCSC
7 19 (0.45%) SLA
8 18 (0.43%) PCI DSS
9 17 (0.40%) Dublin Core
10 10 (0.24%) WCAG
11 9 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
12 8 (0.19%) JSP 440
12 8 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 7 (0.17%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 7 (0.17%) PMO
14 6 (0.14%) HIPAA
15 4 (0.095%) Disclosure Scotland
15 4 (0.095%) NIST 800
15 4 (0.095%) OASIS TOSCA
16 3 (0.071%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 1,076 (25.51%) Docker
2 161 (3.82%) Active Directory
3 102 (2.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (1.26%) HDFS
5 43 (1.02%) vSphere
6 30 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
7 29 (0.69%) Hyper-V
8 23 (0.55%) GlusterFS
9 21 (0.50%) VMware NSX
10 18 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
11 16 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 12 (0.28%) RACF
13 10 (0.24%) NDS
13 10 (0.24%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 8 (0.19%) Xen
15 7 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
16 6 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
16 6 (0.14%) Varnish
17 5 (0.12%) vCloud
17 5 (0.12%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 1,123 (26.62%) Kubernetes
2 985 (23.35%) Terraform
3 616 (14.60%) Ansible
4 269 (6.38%) Puppet
5 172 (4.08%) Opscode Chef
6 144 (3.41%) Prometheus
7 110 (2.61%) Grafana
8 83 (1.97%) Kibana
9 68 (1.61%) Single Sign-On
10 61 (1.45%) Packer
11 43 (1.02%) logstash
12 37 (0.88%) Consul
13 31 (0.73%) Istio
14 26 (0.62%) Nagios
14 26 (0.62%) Salt
15 25 (0.59%) Rancher
16 20 (0.47%) SCCM
17 17 (0.40%) Rundeck
17 17 (0.40%) vRealize
18 14 (0.33%) Fluentd
Vendors
1 389 (9.22%) Google
2 343 (8.13%) Microsoft
3 341 (8.08%) Oracle
4 194 (4.60%) Splunk
5 172 (4.08%) VMware
6 111 (2.63%) Cloudera
7 110 (2.61%) AppDynamics
8 94 (2.23%) SAP
9 92 (2.18%) MuleSoft
10 85 (2.02%) Cisco
11 84 (1.99%) Red Hat
12 71 (1.68%) Atlassian
13 61 (1.45%) F5
14 53 (1.26%) Sybase
15 49 (1.16%) Databricks
16 44 (1.04%) Informatica
17 43 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
18 42 (1.00%) IBM
19 39 (0.92%) Talend
20 38 (0.90%) Hortonworks