Period
to 6 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 6 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
6 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 13 13
Rank change year-on-year +4 0 +8
Contract jobs citing AWS 6,675 5,591 9,309
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.91% 10.54% 10.00%
As % of the Cloud Services category 34.05% 34.71% 36.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,082 4,128 6,655
10th Percentile £400 £400 £400
25th Percentile £459 £463 £460
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £550 £538
Median % change year-on-year -4.55% +2.33% +2.38%
75th Percentile £619 £638 £625
90th Percentile £700 £713 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 15 22
10th Percentile £23.63 £32.40 £11.35
25th Percentile £40.00 £46.40 £26.88
Median hourly rate £44.58 £55.00 £48.40
Median % change year-on-year -18.95% +13.64% +8.16%
75th Percentile £65.50 £59.63 £69.69
90th Percentile £68.41 £65.00 £70.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £55.00 £41.13
% change year-on-year +9.09% +33.74% -13.42%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 19,605 16,108 25,634
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.98% 30.37% 27.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,123 11,284 17,926
10th Percentile £319 £288 £313
25th Percentile £411 £400 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £500 £500
75th Percentile £588 £588 £575
90th Percentile £675 £675 £651
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £460
% change year-on-year - -2.17% +5.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 329 254 256
10th Percentile £12.13 £12.77 £11.25
25th Percentile £15.00 £16.25 £13.25
Median hourly rate £22.00 £20.00 £17.50
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +14.29% -1.81%
75th Percentile £45.00 £39.31 £30.56
90th Percentile £61.25 £57.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.50 £19.50 £17.25
% change year-on-year - +13.04% +13.49%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 6 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 6 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 6 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 5,281 £525 -4.55% 2,714
London 0 3,342 £550 -4.35% 1,203
Work from Home +2 2,447 £533 +1.43% 628
UK excluding London 0 1,840 £500 - 1,662
North of England 0 539 £500 -4.76% 600
South East +1 372 £503 +0.50% 339
North West +1 304 £495 -5.71% 333
Scotland +2 267 £455 -4.21% 100
South West -2 257 £500 -4.76% 170
Midlands -1 201 £475 -2.26% 228
Yorkshire 0 188 £510 -2.86% 183
East of England -5 139 £508 +1.50% 159
West Midlands -7 131 £500 - 149
Wales -6 65 £525 +7.14% 40
East Midlands -1 59 £425 -5.56% 77
North East -2 47 £518 -3.72% 84
Northern Ireland +7 8 £400 -15.79% 26

For the 6 months to 6 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 2,912 (43.63%) Azure
2 2,647 (39.66%) Agile Software Development
3 2,086 (31.25%) DevOps
4 2,025 (30.34%) Python
5 1,574 (23.58%) Java
6 1,557 (23.33%) Terraform
7 1,537 (23.03%) Kubernetes
8 1,482 (22.20%) Docker
9 1,313 (19.67%) Serverless
10 1,288 (19.30%) JavaScript
11 1,265 (18.95%) Finance
12 1,257 (18.83%) GCP
13 1,199 (17.96%) Microservices
14 1,101 (16.49%) Software Engineering
15 1,078 (16.15%) AWS Lambda
16 1,053 (15.78%) SQL
17 1,032 (15.46%) Social Skills
18 998 (14.95%) Linux
19 923 (13.83%) Node.js
20 917 (13.74%) Web Services
21 895 (13.41%) Security Cleared
22 886 (13.27%) Jenkins
23 829 (12.42%) Ansible
24 828 (12.40%) React
25 787 (11.79%) SC Cleared
26 776 (11.63%) Amazon S3
27 725 (10.86%) Git (software)
28 721 (10.80%) TDD
29 669 (10.02%) Infrastructure as Code
30 662 (9.92%) Migration

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 298 (4.46%) Confluence
2 230 (3.45%) Apache Spark
3 198 (2.97%) Apache
4 184 (2.76%) Elasticsearch
5 113 (1.69%) SharePoint
6 101 (1.51%) Apache Airflow
7 71 (1.06%) nginx
8 68 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
9 67 (1.00%) Tomcat
10 56 (0.84%) JBoss
11 51 (0.76%) CMS
11 51 (0.76%) SAS
12 50 (0.75%) WebSphere
13 48 (0.72%) OpenStack
14 47 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
15 38 (0.57%) IIS
16 25 (0.37%) WebSphere Application Server
17 23 (0.34%) Mule
18 22 (0.33%) Jupyter
19 21 (0.31%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 52 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
2 37 (0.55%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (0.39%) MS Visio
4 20 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
5 19 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 15 (0.22%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.030%) Figma
8 2 (0.030%) SPSS
9 1 (0.015%) Stata
Business Applications
1 21 (0.31%) Magento
2 20 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
3 18 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
4 12 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
5 10 (0.15%) assyst
6 9 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 8 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 8 (0.12%) Sentinel
7 8 (0.12%) Shopify
8 7 (0.10%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
9 5 (0.075%) Adobe Campaign
9 5 (0.075%) Oracle Applications
10 3 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 3 (0.045%) Towers Watson Igloo
11 2 (0.030%) NetSuite
11 2 (0.030%) Oracle BPM
11 2 (0.030%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 2,912 (43.63%) Azure
2 1,313 (19.67%) Serverless
3 1,257 (18.83%) GCP
4 1,078 (16.15%) AWS Lambda
5 776 (11.63%) Amazon S3
6 521 (7.81%) AWS CloudFormation
7 362 (5.42%) PaaS
8 360 (5.39%) Amazon SQS
9 349 (5.23%) Amazon EC2
10 320 (4.79%) SaaS
11 289 (4.33%) IaaS
12 280 (4.19%) GitHub
13 241 (3.61%) OpenShift
14 240 (3.60%) Amazon EKS
15 229 (3.43%) AWS Step Functions
16 210 (3.15%) Microsoft 365
17 201 (3.01%) Cloud Computing
18 187 (2.80%) Amazon ECS
19 182 (2.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 141 (2.11%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 173 (2.59%) Firewall
2 138 (2.07%) DNS
3 108 (1.62%) SSL
4 105 (1.57%) HTTP
5 87 (1.30%) Network Security
6 86 (1.29%) WAN
7 82 (1.23%) VPN
8 79 (1.18%) TCP/IP
9 73 (1.09%) LAN
10 65 (0.97%) Internet
11 53 (0.79%) DHCP
12 48 (0.72%) SAN
13 39 (0.58%) Kerberos
14 34 (0.51%) IPsec
15 31 (0.46%) OSPF
16 28 (0.42%) MPLS
16 28 (0.42%) SD-WAN
17 26 (0.39%) BGP
17 26 (0.39%) VLAN
18 25 (0.37%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 529 (7.93%) PostgreSQL
2 526 (7.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
3 449 (6.73%) Amazon RDS
4 374 (5.60%) Big Data
5 326 (4.88%) NoSQL
6 293 (4.39%) SQL Server
7 274 (4.10%) Data Warehouse
8 272 (4.07%) MongoDB
9 247 (3.70%) Hadoop
10 243 (3.64%) MySQL
11 225 (3.37%) Relational Database
12 213 (3.19%) Amazon Redshift
13 148 (2.22%) Data Lake
14 133 (1.99%) Amazon Aurora
15 125 (1.87%) Power BI
16 121 (1.81%) Tableau
17 109 (1.63%) Amazon Athena
18 96 (1.44%) Apache Hive
18 96 (1.44%) BigQuery
18 96 (1.44%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 886 (13.27%) Jenkins
2 725 (10.86%) Git (software)
3 504 (7.55%) JIRA
4 278 (4.16%) GitLab
5 205 (3.07%) Maven
6 129 (1.93%) JUnit
7 120 (1.80%) SonarQube
8 118 (1.77%) Cucumber
9 110 (1.65%) Selenium
10 109 (1.63%) Bitbucket
11 101 (1.51%) Artifactory
12 98 (1.47%) Sonatype Nexus
13 79 (1.18%) Gradle
14 75 (1.12%) Visual Studio
15 69 (1.03%) TeamCity
16 67 (1.00%) CircleCI
17 57 (0.85%) JMeter
17 57 (0.85%) webpack
18 55 (0.82%) Mockito
19 51 (0.76%) Postman
General
1 1,265 (18.95%) Finance
2 1,032 (15.46%) Social Skills
3 537 (8.04%) Public Sector
4 402 (6.02%) Front Office
5 350 (5.24%) Banking
6 341 (5.11%) Analytical Skills
7 160 (2.40%) Telecoms
8 127 (1.90%) Retail
9 124 (1.86%) Marketing
10 113 (1.69%) Presentation Skills
11 86 (1.29%) Influencing Skills
12 75 (1.12%) Manufacturing
13 61 (0.91%) Electronics
14 53 (0.79%) Investment Banking
15 48 (0.72%) Legal
16 38 (0.57%) Law
17 33 (0.49%) Billing
17 33 (0.49%) Games
18 28 (0.42%) Retail Banking
19 27 (0.40%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 2,088 (31.28%) Developer
2 1,109 (16.61%) Architect
3 821 (12.30%) DevOps Engineer
4 751 (11.25%) AWS Engineer
5 487 (7.30%) AWS Developer
6 454 (6.80%) React Developer
7 421 (6.31%) Java Developer
8 386 (5.78%) AWS DevOps
9 367 (5.50%) Data Engineer
10 354 (5.30%) Software Engineer
11 321 (4.81%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 319 (4.78%) Cloud Engineer
13 316 (4.73%) Full Stack Developer
14 304 (4.55%) Cloud Architect
14 304 (4.55%) Solutions Architect
15 290 (4.34%) AWS Architect
16 285 (4.27%) Consultant
17 262 (3.93%) Python Developer
18 247 (3.70%) Analyst
19 242 (3.63%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 923 (13.83%) Node.js
2 917 (13.74%) Web Services
3 828 (12.40%) React
4 503 (7.54%) .NET
5 435 (6.52%) REST
6 416 (6.23%) Spring
7 412 (6.17%) Kafka
8 373 (5.59%) AngularJS
9 325 (4.87%) HTML
10 308 (4.61%) Spring Boot
11 292 (4.37%) CSS
12 288 (4.31%) RESTful
13 209 (3.13%) JSON
14 174 (2.61%) GraphQL
15 157 (2.35%) .NET Core
16 146 (2.19%) Vue.js
17 130 (1.95%) Elastic Stack
18 128 (1.92%) OAuth
18 128 (1.92%) XML
19 112 (1.68%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 344 (5.15%) Cloud Native
2 310 (4.64%) Public Cloud
3 256 (3.84%) User Experience
4 239 (3.58%) Greenfield Project
5 189 (2.83%) Data Centre
6 145 (2.17%) Data Structures
7 141 (2.11%) Derivative
8 137 (2.05%) Fixed Income
9 123 (1.84%) Equities
9 123 (1.84%) Hybrid Cloud
10 117 (1.75%) Algorithms
11 114 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
12 110 (1.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 104 (1.56%) Mobile App
14 98 (1.47%) Hedge funds
15 89 (1.33%) Management Information System
16 83 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
17 70 (1.05%) Private Cloud
18 60 (0.90%) Blog
19 57 (0.85%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 998 (14.95%) Linux
2 505 (7.57%) Windows
3 227 (3.40%) Unix
4 151 (2.26%) Windows Server
5 138 (2.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 66 (0.99%) CentOS
7 57 (0.85%) Android
8 56 (0.84%) Ubuntu
9 44 (0.66%) Apple iOS
10 39 (0.58%) Windows 10
10 39 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
11 37 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
12 28 (0.42%) Solaris
13 27 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
14 25 (0.37%) Mac OS X
14 25 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
15 23 (0.34%) SUSE
16 20 (0.30%) AIX
17 12 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
18 11 (0.16%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,647 (39.66%) Agile Software Development
2 2,086 (31.25%) DevOps
3 1,199 (17.96%) Microservices
4 1,101 (16.49%) Software Engineering
5 721 (10.80%) TDD
6 669 (10.02%) Infrastructure as Code
7 662 (9.92%) Migration
8 595 (8.91%) Scrum
9 521 (7.81%) Analytics
10 511 (7.66%) Test Automation
11 417 (6.25%) Continuous Integration
12 416 (6.23%) Asset Management
13 403 (6.04%) Problem-Solving
14 382 (5.72%) Open Source
15 341 (5.11%) Business Intelligence
16 340 (5.09%) ETL
17 329 (4.93%) Configuration Management
18 323 (4.84%) Investment Management
19 317 (4.75%) Data Modelling
20 290 (4.34%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 2,025 (30.34%) Python
2 1,574 (23.58%) Java
3 1,288 (19.30%) JavaScript
4 1,053 (15.78%) SQL
5 576 (8.63%) TypeScript
6 380 (5.69%) C#
7 336 (5.03%) Scala
8 325 (4.87%) Bash Shell
9 300 (4.49%) Go
10 287 (4.30%) PowerShell
11 241 (3.61%) Java 8
12 203 (3.04%) Kotlin
13 199 (2.98%) C++
14 185 (2.77%) Ruby
15 136 (2.04%) PHP
16 130 (1.95%) Shell Script
17 121 (1.81%) R
18 119 (1.78%) C
19 106 (1.59%) PL/SQL
20 97 (1.45%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 895 (13.41%) Security Cleared
2 787 (11.79%) SC Cleared
3 347 (5.20%) Degree
4 174 (2.61%) AWS Certification
5 103 (1.54%) Computer Science Degree
6 89 (1.33%) CISSP
7 83 (1.24%) DV Cleared
8 60 (0.90%) Cisco Certification
9 52 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
10 46 (0.69%) CISM
11 31 (0.46%) CCNP
11 31 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
12 28 (0.42%) Master's Degree
13 25 (0.37%) TOGAF Certification
14 24 (0.36%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 22 (0.33%) CCNA
15 22 (0.33%) CESG Certified Professional
15 22 (0.33%) ISTQB
16 17 (0.25%) CRISC
16 17 (0.25%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 202 (3.03%) QA
2 75 (1.12%) Data Quality
3 59 (0.88%) GDPR
4 47 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 46 (0.69%) SLA
6 36 (0.54%) PCI DSS
7 33 (0.49%) NIST
8 18 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
9 17 (0.25%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 16 (0.24%) NCSC
11 14 (0.21%) Cyber Essentials
11 14 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 8 (0.12%) HIPAA
13 6 (0.090%) Actionable Recommendations
13 6 (0.090%) GRC
14 5 (0.075%) NIST 800
14 5 (0.075%) PMO
14 5 (0.075%) WCAG
15 4 (0.060%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 4 (0.060%) JSP 440
System Software
1 1,482 (22.20%) Docker
2 279 (4.18%) VMware Infrastructure
3 243 (3.64%) Active Directory
4 73 (1.09%) Hyper-V
5 72 (1.08%) Virtual Machines
6 60 (0.90%) VMware ESXi
7 50 (0.75%) vSphere
8 40 (0.60%) HDFS
9 36 (0.54%) Virtual Desktop
10 31 (0.46%) Microsoft App-V
11 25 (0.37%) XenApp
12 21 (0.31%) VMware NSX
13 18 (0.27%) RACF
14 15 (0.22%) NFS
14 15 (0.22%) Xen
15 13 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 12 (0.18%) KVM
16 12 (0.18%) Oracle RAC
17 11 (0.16%) Varnish
18 8 (0.12%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 1,557 (23.33%) Terraform
2 1,537 (23.03%) Kubernetes
3 829 (12.42%) Ansible
4 313 (4.69%) Puppet
5 247 (3.70%) Opscode Chef
6 186 (2.79%) Grafana
7 142 (2.13%) Prometheus
8 92 (1.38%) Kibana
9 69 (1.03%) Single Sign-On
10 67 (1.00%) Packer
11 59 (0.88%) Istio
12 45 (0.67%) SCCM
13 44 (0.66%) logstash
14 43 (0.64%) Rancher
15 39 (0.58%) Consul
16 36 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
17 35 (0.52%) Microsoft Intune
18 33 (0.49%) vRealize
19 29 (0.43%) Nagios
20 28 (0.42%) Salt
Vendors
1 611 (9.15%) Microsoft
2 516 (7.73%) Google
3 505 (7.57%) Oracle
4 424 (6.35%) VMware
5 234 (3.51%) Splunk
6 190 (2.85%) SAP
7 151 (2.26%) IBM
8 148 (2.22%) MuleSoft
9 136 (2.04%) Red Hat
10 133 (1.99%) Cisco
11 111 (1.66%) Cloudera
12 103 (1.54%) Citrix
13 99 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
14 93 (1.39%) Informatica
15 88 (1.32%) ServiceNow
16 75 (1.12%) AppDynamics
17 66 (0.99%) Databricks
18 56 (0.84%) F5
19 51 (0.76%) CheckPoint
20 47 (0.70%) New Relic