Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 12 16
Rank change year-on-year 0 +4 +26
Contract jobs citing AWS 4,623 9,653 8,317
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.20% 10.28% 7.99%
As % of the Cloud Services category 36.60% 36.42% 37.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,513 7,007 6,067
Median daily rate £550 £538 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
10th Percentile £400 £400 £375
90th Percentile £723 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 36 23
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -17.65% +6.25%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 12,631 26,503 22,305
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.61% 28.23% 21.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,359 18,206 15,229
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £310 £311 £306
90th Percentile £675 £654 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £460 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +2.22% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 283 364 322
Median hourly rate £29.00 £22.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.89% +18.42% -
10th Percentile £14.07 £13.00 £11.89
90th Percentile £49.63 £63.00 £56.25
Median hourly rate £22.50 £22.34 £17.50
% change year-on-year +0.74% +27.63% -

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 4,286 £550 +1.38% 1,186
London 0 2,412 £575 +4.55% 514
UK excluding London 0 2,045 £500 - 760
North of England +6 639 £525 +6.33% 250
South East +5 420 £500 - 148
South West +8 368 £516 -1.67% 103
North West +5 333 £525 +5.00% 126
Work from Home -1 301 £525 +5.00% 193
Yorkshire +4 228 £525 +6.06% 90
East of England +3 225 £520 +4.00% 72
Midlands -6 168 £475 -5.00% 100
Scotland -9 131 £469 -6.25% 44
Wales +4 102 £488 -7.14% 34
West Midlands -15 100 £450 -7.93% 74
North East +8 71 £525 +10.53% 34
East Midlands 0 65 £510 +2.00% 26

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 2,078 (44.95%) Agile Software Development
2 1,954 (42.27%) Azure
3 1,743 (37.70%) DevOps
4 1,567 (33.90%) Java
5 1,505 (32.55%) Python
6 1,217 (26.32%) Docker
7 1,175 (25.42%) Kubernetes
8 1,018 (22.02%) Microservices
9 1,012 (21.89%) Terraform
10 990 (21.41%) Finance
11 936 (20.25%) Web Services
12 888 (19.21%) GCP
12 888 (19.21%) Jenkins
13 798 (17.26%) JavaScript
14 764 (16.53%) Security Cleared
15 761 (16.46%) Linux
16 757 (16.37%) SQL
17 736 (15.92%) Software Engineering
18 671 (14.51%) Serverless
19 624 (13.50%) SC Cleared
20 588 (12.72%) Ansible
21 573 (12.39%) Git (software)
22 560 (12.11%) TDD
23 552 (11.94%) AWS Lambda
24 524 (11.33%) Scrum
25 521 (11.27%) React
26 509 (11.01%) Google
27 504 (10.90%) Continuous Integration
28 488 (10.56%) Node.js
29 487 (10.53%) Test Automation

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 233 (5.04%) Confluence
2 213 (4.61%) Apache Spark
3 188 (4.07%) Elasticsearch
4 149 (3.22%) Apache
5 75 (1.62%) Tomcat
6 54 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
7 48 (1.04%) nginx
8 39 (0.84%) WebLogic
9 37 (0.80%) SAS
10 30 (0.65%) JBoss
11 28 (0.61%) SharePoint
12 26 (0.56%) CMS
13 24 (0.52%) IIS
14 23 (0.50%) MS Exchange
14 23 (0.50%) Mule
15 22 (0.48%) Jupyter
15 22 (0.48%) Red Hat Fuse
16 21 (0.45%) WebSphere
17 20 (0.43%) MQSeries
18 17 (0.37%) OpenStack
Applications
1 39 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 17 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
3 13 (0.28%) MS Visio
4 10 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
5 8 (0.17%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.065%) Sketch
7 1 (0.022%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.022%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.022%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.022%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 32 (0.69%) Markit EDM
2 25 (0.54%) SimCorp Dimension
3 21 (0.45%) Dynamics CRM
4 19 (0.41%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 12 (0.26%) Adobe Campaign
6 10 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
7 9 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 9 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
8 8 (0.17%) assyst
8 8 (0.17%) FINCAD Analytics
8 8 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
9 7 (0.15%) PolarLake
10 6 (0.13%) SAP MDM
11 5 (0.11%) NetSuite
12 4 (0.087%) Dynamics AX
12 4 (0.087%) Magento
12 4 (0.087%) Oracle Applications
12 4 (0.087%) SAP GRC
13 3 (0.065%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 3 (0.065%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,954 (42.27%) Azure
2 888 (19.21%) GCP
3 671 (14.51%) Serverless
4 552 (11.94%) AWS Lambda
5 478 (10.34%) Amazon S3
6 422 (9.13%) Amazon EC2
7 361 (7.81%) AWS CloudFormation
8 253 (5.47%) OpenShift
9 226 (4.89%) Amazon ECS
10 194 (4.20%) GitHub
11 185 (4.00%) SaaS
12 180 (3.89%) Amazon SQS
13 170 (3.68%) PaaS
14 141 (3.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 134 (2.90%) IaaS
16 123 (2.66%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 100 (2.16%) Amazon EKS
18 98 (2.12%) Cloud Computing
19 91 (1.97%) Route 53
20 84 (1.82%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 181 (3.92%) Firewall
2 145 (3.14%) DNS
3 106 (2.29%) HTTP
4 104 (2.25%) TCP/IP
5 97 (2.10%) SSL
6 72 (1.56%) VPN
7 62 (1.34%) Network Security
8 58 (1.25%) WAN
9 53 (1.15%) Internet
10 41 (0.89%) LAN
11 40 (0.87%) Skype
12 36 (0.78%) DHCP
12 36 (0.78%) SAN
13 35 (0.76%) HTTPS
14 31 (0.67%) BGP
15 26 (0.56%) Wireless
16 24 (0.52%) OSPF
16 24 (0.52%) VLAN
17 23 (0.50%) Cisco Nexus
18 21 (0.45%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 334 (7.22%) Big Data
1 334 (7.22%) MySQL
2 321 (6.94%) SQL Server
3 317 (6.86%) MongoDB
4 302 (6.53%) Amazon RDS
4 302 (6.53%) PostgreSQL
5 291 (6.29%) NoSQL
6 270 (5.84%) Amazon Redshift
7 213 (4.61%) Relational Database
8 188 (4.07%) Hadoop
9 178 (3.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 172 (3.72%) Data Warehouse
11 100 (2.16%) Oracle Database
12 93 (2.01%) Data Lake
13 87 (1.88%) RDBMS
14 82 (1.77%) Amazon Aurora
15 79 (1.71%) Redis
16 77 (1.67%) Apache Cassandra
17 74 (1.60%) Power BI
18 73 (1.58%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 888 (19.21%) Jenkins
2 573 (12.39%) Git (software)
3 372 (8.05%) JIRA
4 280 (6.06%) GitLab
5 194 (4.20%) Maven
6 188 (4.07%) Artifactory
7 127 (2.75%) Cucumber
7 127 (2.75%) Mockito
8 121 (2.62%) JUnit
9 120 (2.60%) Bitbucket
10 119 (2.57%) Selenium
11 104 (2.25%) RStudio
12 84 (1.82%) CircleCI
12 84 (1.82%) SonarQube
13 75 (1.62%) Gradle
14 74 (1.60%) TeamCity
15 73 (1.58%) Sonatype Nexus
16 57 (1.23%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 51 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
18 45 (0.97%) Subversion
General
1 990 (21.41%) Finance
2 386 (8.35%) Public Sector
3 377 (8.15%) Banking
4 366 (7.92%) Front Office
5 134 (2.90%) Investment Banking
6 77 (1.67%) Marketing
7 71 (1.54%) Retail
8 67 (1.45%) Telecoms
9 40 (0.87%) Manufacturing
10 39 (0.84%) Games
11 35 (0.76%) Law
12 33 (0.71%) Back Office
13 30 (0.65%) Advertising
14 26 (0.56%) Electronics
14 26 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
15 21 (0.45%) Legal
15 21 (0.45%) Police
16 20 (0.43%) Publishing
17 16 (0.35%) Retail Banking
18 14 (0.30%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 1,500 (32.45%) Developer
2 717 (15.51%) Architect
3 672 (14.54%) AWS Engineer
4 620 (13.41%) DevOps Engineer
5 585 (12.65%) Java Developer
6 427 (9.24%) AWS Developer
7 276 (5.97%) AWS DevOps
8 254 (5.49%) Software Engineer
9 244 (5.28%) Cloud Engineer
10 218 (4.72%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 217 (4.69%) Data Engineer
11 217 (4.69%) Senior Developer
12 207 (4.48%) AWS Architect
13 195 (4.22%) Solutions Architect
14 192 (4.15%) Cloud Architect
15 191 (4.13%) Python Developer
16 178 (3.85%) Python Engineer
17 152 (3.29%) Java Engineer
18 147 (3.18%) Consultant
19 139 (3.01%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 936 (20.25%) Web Services
2 521 (11.27%) React
3 488 (10.56%) Node.js
4 460 (9.95%) AngularJS
5 399 (8.63%) Spring
6 351 (7.59%) .NET
7 312 (6.75%) REST
8 293 (6.34%) Spring Boot
9 237 (5.13%) Kafka
10 233 (5.04%) Vue.js
11 231 (5.00%) RESTful
12 195 (4.22%) HTML
13 182 (3.94%) CSS
14 152 (3.29%) .NET Core
15 149 (3.22%) J2EE
16 128 (2.77%) JSON
17 119 (2.57%) SOAP
18 118 (2.55%) ASP.NET
19 108 (2.34%) GraphQL
20 101 (2.18%) ActiveMQ
Miscellaneous
1 334 (7.22%) Fixed Income
2 307 (6.64%) Hedge funds
3 284 (6.14%) Derivative
4 280 (6.06%) Equities
5 276 (5.97%) Public Cloud
6 250 (5.41%) Analytical Skills
7 208 (4.50%) Greenfield Project
8 197 (4.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 174 (3.76%) Cloud Native
10 140 (3.03%) Data Centre
11 112 (2.42%) User Experience
12 88 (1.90%) Mobile App
13 86 (1.86%) Management Information System
14 69 (1.49%) Hybrid Cloud
15 65 (1.41%) Data Structures
16 61 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
17 60 (1.30%) Algorithms
18 58 (1.25%) Reference Data
19 57 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
20 54 (1.17%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 761 (16.46%) Linux
2 324 (7.01%) Windows
3 257 (5.56%) Unix
4 133 (2.88%) Windows Server
5 92 (1.99%) Mac OS X
6 90 (1.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 47 (1.02%) CentOS
8 39 (0.84%) Apple iOS
9 37 (0.80%) Android
10 33 (0.71%) Windows Server 2012
10 33 (0.71%) Windows Server 2016
11 31 (0.67%) Windows Server 2008
12 21 (0.45%) Solaris
12 21 (0.45%) Ubuntu
12 21 (0.45%) Windows 10
13 17 (0.37%) CoreOS
14 16 (0.35%) Windows Server 2019
15 15 (0.32%) Debian
16 13 (0.28%) AIX
16 13 (0.28%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,078 (44.95%) Agile Software Development
2 1,743 (37.70%) DevOps
3 1,018 (22.02%) Microservices
4 736 (15.92%) Software Engineering
5 560 (12.11%) TDD
6 524 (11.33%) Scrum
7 504 (10.90%) Continuous Integration
8 487 (10.53%) Test Automation
9 465 (10.06%) Migration
10 449 (9.71%) Asset Management
11 401 (8.67%) Infrastructure as Code
12 386 (8.35%) BDD
13 346 (7.48%) Open Source
14 317 (6.86%) Analytics
15 277 (5.99%) Problem-Solving
16 267 (5.78%) Continuous Delivery
17 257 (5.56%) Pair Programming
18 247 (5.34%) Configuration Management
19 244 (5.28%) Investment Management
20 241 (5.21%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 1,567 (33.90%) Java
2 1,505 (32.55%) Python
3 798 (17.26%) JavaScript
4 757 (16.37%) SQL
5 350 (7.57%) C#
6 306 (6.62%) Java 8
7 239 (5.17%) Bash Shell
8 187 (4.04%) Ruby
9 175 (3.79%) Go
10 174 (3.76%) R
11 163 (3.53%) PowerShell
12 158 (3.42%) TypeScript
13 141 (3.05%) Scala
14 86 (1.86%) PHP
15 81 (1.75%) Perl
16 76 (1.64%) Kotlin
17 75 (1.62%) C++
18 74 (1.60%) Groovy
19 73 (1.58%) Shell Script
20 70 (1.51%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 764 (16.53%) Security Cleared
2 624 (13.50%) SC Cleared
3 179 (3.87%) Degree
4 137 (2.96%) AWS Certification
5 101 (2.18%) DV Cleared
6 76 (1.64%) BPSS Clearance
7 73 (1.58%) CISSP
8 67 (1.45%) Computer Science Degree
9 61 (1.32%) Cisco Certification
10 28 (0.61%) CCNP
11 27 (0.58%) CISM
11 27 (0.58%) DBS Check
11 27 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
12 24 (0.52%) TOGAF Certification
13 23 (0.50%) CCA
13 23 (0.50%) CESG Certified Professional
14 22 (0.48%) Sun Certification
15 21 (0.45%) CCNA
16 17 (0.37%) (ISC)2 CCSP
16 17 (0.37%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 144 (3.11%) QA
2 51 (1.10%) GDPR
3 46 (1.00%) Data Quality
4 40 (0.87%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 30 (0.65%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 15 (0.32%) SLA
8 14 (0.30%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 12 (0.26%) GxP
9 12 (0.26%) PMO
10 10 (0.22%) NCSC
11 9 (0.19%) HIPAA
12 8 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
12 8 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 8 (0.17%) NIST
13 4 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials
13 4 (0.087%) ISO 20022
14 3 (0.065%) COBIT
14 3 (0.065%) ISO 13485
15 2 (0.043%) RMADS
System Software
1 1,217 (26.32%) Docker
2 174 (3.76%) Active Directory
3 119 (2.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 41 (0.89%) vSphere
5 40 (0.87%) Hyper-V
6 26 (0.56%) XenApp
7 25 (0.54%) VMware NSX
8 23 (0.50%) HDFS
8 23 (0.50%) VMware ESXi
9 21 (0.45%) Oracle RAC
10 12 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
11 11 (0.24%) Apache Flume
11 11 (0.24%) NDS
12 9 (0.19%) OpenAM
12 9 (0.19%) OpenDJ
13 8 (0.17%) Citrix Presentation Server
13 8 (0.17%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 7 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
14 7 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
15 6 (0.13%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 1,175 (25.42%) Kubernetes
2 1,012 (21.89%) Terraform
3 588 (12.72%) Ansible
4 320 (6.92%) Puppet
5 247 (5.34%) Opscode Chef
6 93 (2.01%) Prometheus
7 63 (1.36%) Kibana
8 59 (1.28%) Packer
9 57 (1.23%) Grafana
10 48 (1.04%) Salt
11 40 (0.87%) Rancher
11 40 (0.87%) Single Sign-On
12 39 (0.84%) logstash
12 39 (0.84%) SCCM
13 28 (0.61%) Data Guard
14 23 (0.50%) vRealize
15 22 (0.48%) Consul
15 22 (0.48%) FortiGate
15 22 (0.48%) Zipkin
16 21 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 509 (11.01%) Google
2 354 (7.66%) Microsoft
3 346 (7.48%) Oracle
4 186 (4.02%) VMware
5 131 (2.83%) Cloudera
6 105 (2.27%) Splunk
7 102 (2.21%) SAP
8 97 (2.10%) IBM
9 93 (2.01%) Red Hat
10 91 (1.97%) Cisco
11 69 (1.49%) MuleSoft
12 67 (1.45%) Tableau
13 65 (1.41%) Hortonworks
13 65 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
14 57 (1.23%) Informatica
15 54 (1.17%) AppDynamics
15 54 (1.17%) Citrix
15 54 (1.17%) Talend
16 48 (1.04%) Sybase
17 47 (1.02%) F5