Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 9 10 14
Rank change year-on-year +1 +4 -1
Contract jobs citing AWS 10,273 4,820 6,926
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.92% 11.60% 9.56%
As % of the Cloud Services category 33.35% 34.37% 31.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,806 3,647 4,899
10th Percentile £425 £368 £375
25th Percentile £500 £441 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £538
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -2.33% +2.38%
75th Percentile £663 £613 £625
90th Percentile £738 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £500
% change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 20 18
10th Percentile £36.25 £22.60 £19.68
25th Percentile £55.44 £37.71 £25.00
Median hourly rate £65.00 £40.00 £43.75
Median % change year-on-year +62.50% -8.57% -2.78%
75th Percentile £70.38 £45.84 £53.75
90th Percentile £74.00 £58.83 £56.10
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 £44.43 £45.00
% change year-on-year +47.44% -1.28% +7.14%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 30,804 14,024 21,706
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 35.74% 33.74% 29.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,269 10,046 15,123
10th Percentile £336 £301 £275
25th Percentile £430 £400 £387
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £495 £488
Median % change year-on-year +7.07% +1.54% -1.52%
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £650 £667
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £445 £450
% change year-on-year +6.74% -1.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 421 279 334
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.50 £13.18
25th Percentile £15.04 £15.79 £16.09
Median hourly rate £21.00 £22.50 £19.75
Median % change year-on-year -6.67% +13.92% +12.86%
75th Percentile £40.00 £45.00 £33.94
90th Percentile £63.25 £60.00 £67.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £20.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year -10.00% +8.11% +8.82%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +1 8,117 £575 +9.52% 3,113
London +1 5,339 £600 +9.09% 1,616
Work from Home 0 3,331 £575 +9.52% 712
UK excluding London -1 2,559 £525 +10.53% 1,705
North of England -2 620 £538 +10.82% 499
South East +10 539 £550 +12.88% 304
Midlands +7 392 £520 +13.04% 299
North West -5 348 £550 +15.79% 298
Scotland +4 345 £500 +12.99% 168
South West -6 323 £525 +5.00% 166
West Midlands +13 282 £525 +16.67% 209
East of England +8 251 £533 +18.33% 195
Yorkshire -7 230 £525 +10.53% 135
East Midlands -2 100 £500 +8.70% 87
Wales -2 95 £525 +10.53% 45
North East -2 53 £525 +3.70% 66
Northern Ireland +5 9 £495 +4.21% 31
Isle of Man - 1 £500 -

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 4,207 (40.95%) Azure
2 3,679 (35.81%) Agile Software Development
3 3,622 (35.26%) DevOps
4 3,114 (30.31%) Python
5 3,060 (29.79%) CI/CD
6 2,816 (27.41%) Terraform
7 2,394 (23.30%) Kubernetes
8 2,361 (22.98%) Docker
9 2,350 (22.88%) Java
10 1,943 (18.91%) GCP
11 1,883 (18.33%) Finance
12 1,825 (17.77%) Microservices
13 1,773 (17.26%) Serverless
14 1,739 (16.93%) SQL
15 1,687 (16.42%) Linux
16 1,632 (15.89%) JavaScript
17 1,601 (15.58%) Jenkins
18 1,576 (15.34%) Social Skills
19 1,558 (15.17%) Software Engineering
20 1,340 (13.04%) AWS Lambda
21 1,316 (12.81%) React
22 1,284 (12.50%) Security Cleared
23 1,265 (12.31%) Git (software)
24 1,254 (12.21%) Infrastructure as Code
25 1,201 (11.69%) Ansible
26 1,106 (10.77%) Amazon S3
27 1,066 (10.38%) Node.js
28 1,056 (10.28%) Migration
29 1,022 (9.95%) SC Cleared
30 1,021 (9.94%) Analytics

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 495 (4.82%) Apache Spark
2 380 (3.70%) Confluence
3 262 (2.55%) Apache
4 260 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
5 232 (2.26%) Apache Airflow
6 114 (1.11%) SharePoint
7 108 (1.05%) Tomcat
8 88 (0.86%) nginx
9 78 (0.76%) OpenStack
10 66 (0.64%) SAS
11 60 (0.58%) Jupyter
12 59 (0.57%) Cloud Foundry
12 59 (0.57%) CMS
13 58 (0.56%) IIS
14 52 (0.51%) JBoss
14 52 (0.51%) WebLogic
15 34 (0.33%) WebSphere
16 26 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
17 24 (0.23%) Camunda
17 24 (0.23%) Ethereum
Applications
1 67 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
3 35 (0.34%) Chatbot
4 28 (0.27%) MS Visio
5 23 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
5 23 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
6 19 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.029%) SPSS
7 3 (0.029%) Weka
8 2 (0.019%) Adobe XD
8 2 (0.019%) AutoCAD
8 2 (0.019%) Notepad++
9 1 (0.010%) CPLEX
9 1 (0.010%) InDesign
9 1 (0.010%) SPSS Modeler
9 1 (0.010%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 26 (0.25%) Sentinel
2 17 (0.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
3 16 (0.16%) Shopify
4 15 (0.15%) Cloudability
4 15 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 12 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 10 (0.097%) Oracle EBS
7 7 (0.068%) Oracle BPM
7 7 (0.068%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.058%) SAP Hybris
9 5 (0.049%) Avolution ABACUS
9 5 (0.049%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.049%) Magento
9 5 (0.049%) Oracle Financials
9 5 (0.049%) Payment Gateway
9 5 (0.049%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 4 (0.039%) Oracle 11i
11 3 (0.029%) Dynamics GP
11 3 (0.029%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 4,207 (40.95%) Azure
2 1,943 (18.91%) GCP
3 1,773 (17.26%) Serverless
4 1,340 (13.04%) AWS Lambda
5 1,106 (10.77%) Amazon S3
6 953 (9.28%) AWS CloudFormation
7 622 (6.05%) GitHub
8 616 (6.00%) Amazon EC2
9 475 (4.62%) SaaS
10 450 (4.38%) PaaS
11 432 (4.21%) Amazon SQS
12 419 (4.08%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 400 (3.89%) IaaS
14 378 (3.68%) Amazon ECS
15 357 (3.48%) Amazon EKS
16 283 (2.75%) OpenShift
17 255 (2.48%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 247 (2.40%) Microsoft 365
19 246 (2.39%) Amazon EMR
20 235 (2.29%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 385 (3.75%) Firewall
2 271 (2.64%) DNS
3 221 (2.15%) HTTP
4 196 (1.91%) VPN
5 190 (1.85%) Network Security
6 132 (1.28%) TCP/IP
7 120 (1.17%) WAN
8 118 (1.15%) Internet
9 97 (0.94%) LAN
10 78 (0.76%) DHCP
11 75 (0.73%) BGP
12 64 (0.62%) OSPF
13 61 (0.59%) SSL
14 45 (0.44%) SAN
15 43 (0.42%) HTTPS
16 42 (0.41%) Wireless
17 41 (0.40%) Kerberos
18 38 (0.37%) IPsec
19 37 (0.36%) Skype
20 35 (0.34%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 711 (6.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
2 701 (6.82%) PostgreSQL
3 623 (6.06%) Amazon RDS
4 605 (5.89%) Big Data
5 589 (5.73%) NoSQL
6 534 (5.20%) Data Warehouse
7 455 (4.43%) SQL Server
8 453 (4.41%) Amazon Redshift
9 420 (4.09%) MongoDB
9 420 (4.09%) MySQL
10 410 (3.99%) Relational Database
11 346 (3.37%) Data Lake
12 294 (2.86%) Hadoop
13 224 (2.18%) Amazon Athena
14 208 (2.02%) Power BI
15 180 (1.75%) Redis
16 178 (1.73%) Tableau
17 164 (1.60%) Oracle Database
18 151 (1.47%) Apache Cassandra
19 150 (1.46%) Metadata
Development Applications
1 1,601 (15.58%) Jenkins
2 1,265 (12.31%) Git (software)
3 807 (7.86%) JIRA
4 644 (6.27%) GitLab
5 302 (2.94%) Maven
6 274 (2.67%) Bitbucket
7 226 (2.20%) SonarQube
8 210 (2.04%) Artifactory
9 187 (1.82%) Cucumber
10 176 (1.71%) Sonatype Nexus
11 170 (1.65%) TeamCity
12 166 (1.62%) JUnit
13 164 (1.60%) Selenium
14 158 (1.54%) CircleCI
15 136 (1.32%) Gradle
16 127 (1.24%) JMeter
17 90 (0.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 90 (0.88%) Terragrunt
18 82 (0.80%) Postman
19 74 (0.72%) Subversion
General
1 1,883 (18.33%) Finance
2 1,576 (15.34%) Social Skills
3 850 (8.27%) Public Sector
4 478 (4.65%) Analytical Skills
5 474 (4.61%) Banking
6 438 (4.26%) Front Office
7 290 (2.82%) Retail
8 220 (2.14%) Presentation Skills
9 205 (2.00%) Marketing
10 162 (1.58%) Telecoms
11 146 (1.42%) Legal
12 131 (1.28%) Law
13 123 (1.20%) Financial Institution
14 93 (0.91%) Games
15 92 (0.90%) Influencing Skills
15 92 (0.90%) Manufacturing
16 85 (0.83%) Publishing
17 75 (0.73%) Investment Banking
18 65 (0.63%) Billing
19 63 (0.61%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 2,692 (26.20%) Developer
2 1,643 (15.99%) Architect
3 1,415 (13.77%) AWS Engineer
4 1,314 (12.79%) DevOps Engineer
5 717 (6.98%) Data Engineer
6 681 (6.63%) Java Developer
7 611 (5.95%) Software Engineer
8 581 (5.66%) AWS DevOps
9 575 (5.60%) Cloud Engineer
10 527 (5.13%) Solutions Architect
11 508 (4.95%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 462 (4.50%) Python Developer
13 424 (4.13%) AWS Developer
14 402 (3.91%) Senior Developer
15 396 (3.85%) AWS Architect
16 368 (3.58%) Cloud Architect
17 360 (3.50%) Full Stack Developer
18 359 (3.49%) Python Engineer
19 313 (3.05%) Java Engineer
20 304 (2.96%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,316 (12.81%) React
2 1,066 (10.38%) Node.js
3 958 (9.33%) Kafka
4 621 (6.04%) REST
5 595 (5.79%) .NET
6 587 (5.71%) Spring
7 478 (4.65%) Spring Boot
8 473 (4.60%) AngularJS
9 465 (4.53%) HTML
10 437 (4.25%) CSS
11 387 (3.77%) RESTful
12 248 (2.41%) JSON
13 234 (2.28%) Web Services
14 231 (2.25%) GraphQL
15 213 (2.07%) .NET Core
16 199 (1.94%) Vue.js
17 182 (1.77%) HTML5
18 167 (1.63%) SOAP
19 165 (1.61%) PySpark
20 163 (1.59%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 593 (5.77%) Cloud Native
2 552 (5.37%) Public Cloud
3 356 (3.47%) Greenfield Project
4 297 (2.89%) Data Centre
5 262 (2.55%) User Experience
6 256 (2.49%) Hedge funds
7 247 (2.40%) Equities
8 214 (2.08%) Derivative
9 185 (1.80%) Hybrid Cloud
10 170 (1.65%) Fixed Income
11 164 (1.60%) Data Protection Act
11 164 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 158 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
13 134 (1.30%) Legacy Systems
13 134 (1.30%) Self-Motivation
14 129 (1.26%) Management Information System
15 117 (1.14%) Data Structures
16 115 (1.12%) Mobile App
17 114 (1.11%) Algorithms
18 108 (1.05%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 1,687 (16.42%) Linux
2 844 (8.22%) Windows
3 444 (4.32%) Unix
4 352 (3.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 244 (2.38%) Windows Server
6 119 (1.16%) CentOS
7 90 (0.88%) Ubuntu
8 75 (0.73%) Android
9 57 (0.55%) Apple iOS
10 54 (0.53%) Windows Server 2012
11 51 (0.50%) Solaris
12 39 (0.38%) Windows 10
13 38 (0.37%) Windows Server 2016
13 38 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
14 35 (0.34%) Mac OS
15 34 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
16 31 (0.30%) AIX
16 31 (0.30%) SUSE
17 29 (0.28%) Oracle Linux
18 24 (0.23%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,679 (35.81%) Agile Software Development
2 3,622 (35.26%) DevOps
3 3,060 (29.79%) CI/CD
4 1,825 (17.77%) Microservices
5 1,558 (15.17%) Software Engineering
6 1,254 (12.21%) Infrastructure as Code
7 1,056 (10.28%) Migration
8 1,021 (9.94%) Analytics
9 1,012 (9.85%) Full Stack Development
10 919 (8.95%) Scrum
11 903 (8.79%) TDD
12 777 (7.56%) Test Automation
13 731 (7.12%) Continuous Integration
14 645 (6.28%) Problem-Solving
15 614 (5.98%) ETL
16 521 (5.07%) Data Modelling
17 497 (4.84%) Asset Management
18 478 (4.65%) Stakeholder Management
19 474 (4.61%) Configuration Management
20 468 (4.56%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 3,114 (30.31%) Python
2 2,350 (22.88%) Java
3 1,739 (16.93%) SQL
4 1,632 (15.89%) JavaScript
5 837 (8.15%) TypeScript
6 623 (6.06%) Bash
7 518 (5.04%) PowerShell
8 510 (4.96%) C#
9 396 (3.85%) Scala
10 369 (3.59%) Go
11 295 (2.87%) Ruby
12 222 (2.16%) Shell Script
13 218 (2.12%) Java 8
14 174 (1.69%) Groovy
15 162 (1.58%) PHP
16 155 (1.51%) Java 11
17 145 (1.41%) Kotlin
18 144 (1.40%) PL/SQL
19 135 (1.31%) C++
20 131 (1.28%) R
Qualifications
1 1,284 (12.50%) Security Cleared
2 1,022 (9.95%) SC Cleared
3 367 (3.57%) Degree
4 363 (3.53%) AWS Certification
5 186 (1.81%) BPSS Clearance
6 131 (1.28%) CISSP
7 130 (1.27%) Computer Science Degree
8 119 (1.16%) Cisco Certification
9 113 (1.10%) DV Cleared
10 54 (0.53%) CCNP
11 51 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
12 43 (0.42%) RHCE
13 39 (0.38%) CISM
14 38 (0.37%) CCIE
15 36 (0.35%) ISTQB
16 31 (0.30%) TOGAF Certification
17 30 (0.29%) CCNA
17 30 (0.29%) CISA
18 29 (0.28%) (ISC)2 CCSP
19 28 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 283 (2.75%) QA
2 192 (1.87%) GDPR
3 177 (1.72%) Data Quality
4 161 (1.57%) Accessibility
5 130 (1.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 89 (0.87%) SLA
7 75 (0.73%) NIST
8 61 (0.59%) NCSC
9 47 (0.46%) PCI DSS
10 28 (0.27%) GRC
11 27 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 20 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
13 19 (0.18%) PMO
14 16 (0.16%) COBIT
15 12 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 12 (0.12%) NIST 800
16 10 (0.097%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 9 (0.088%) HIPAA
17 9 (0.088%) IFRS
17 9 (0.088%) SOC 2
System Software
1 2,361 (22.98%) Docker
2 398 (3.87%) Active Directory
3 300 (2.92%) VMware Infrastructure
4 95 (0.92%) Hyper-V
5 76 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
6 72 (0.70%) vSphere
7 69 (0.67%) HDFS
8 48 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 44 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
10 42 (0.41%) VMware NSX
11 29 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
12 26 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
13 24 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
14 21 (0.20%) Apache Flume
15 18 (0.18%) NFS
16 13 (0.13%) OpenIDM
17 12 (0.12%) Citrix Hypervisor
17 12 (0.12%) OpenAM
17 12 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
18 11 (0.11%) KVM
Systems Management
1 2,816 (27.41%) Terraform
2 2,394 (23.30%) Kubernetes
3 1,201 (11.69%) Ansible
4 368 (3.58%) Grafana
5 354 (3.45%) Puppet
6 332 (3.23%) Prometheus
7 259 (2.52%) Opscode Chef
8 159 (1.55%) Packer
9 109 (1.06%) Kibana
10 102 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
11 91 (0.89%) Consul
12 77 (0.75%) Single Sign-On
13 74 (0.72%) Istio
13 74 (0.72%) Nagios
14 66 (0.64%) Rancher
14 66 (0.64%) SCCM
15 65 (0.63%) ZABBIX
16 61 (0.59%) Microsoft Intune
17 60 (0.58%) Active Directory Federation Services
18 36 (0.35%) vRealize
Vendors
1 859 (8.36%) Microsoft
2 664 (6.46%) Google
3 660 (6.42%) Oracle
4 472 (4.59%) VMware
5 283 (2.75%) Splunk
6 280 (2.73%) Red Hat
7 236 (2.30%) SAP
8 189 (1.84%) Cisco
9 176 (1.71%) Informatica
10 175 (1.70%) Salesforce.com
11 169 (1.65%) Databricks
12 148 (1.44%) Talend
13 132 (1.28%) IBM
14 126 (1.23%) Cloudera
15 121 (1.18%) MuleSoft
16 113 (1.10%) Atlassian
17 93 (0.91%) CheckPoint
18 86 (0.84%) Citrix
19 75 (0.73%) ServiceNow
20 66 (0.64%) Teradata