Period
to 20 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 20 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
20 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 13 11 32
Rank change year-on-year -2 +21 +18
Contract jobs citing AWS 8,042 9,261 6,272
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.63% 8.90% 6.13%
As % of the Cloud Services category 32.75% 37.01% 36.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,578 6,760 4,675
UK median daily rate £538 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £390 £380 £373
90th Percentile £700 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £488 £475
% change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +4.97%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 10 19
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £38.75 £40.31
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.68% -3.86% +15.16%
10th Percentile £21.63 £21.25 £26.08
90th Percentile £55.33 £96.48 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £28.00 £40.96
% change year-on-year +25.00% -31.64% +17.02%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 24,557 25,025 17,316
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 29.40% 24.05% 16.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,681 17,337 12,012
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £283 £300 £275
90th Percentile £660 £644 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £445 £425
% change year-on-year +1.12% +4.71% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 432 334 234
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £17.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -12.50% +7.85%
10th Percentile £14.00 £11.26 £11.08
90th Percentile £78.75 £63.51 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +17.14% - +2.58%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing AWS.

Contractor daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS.

Contractor hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 20 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 20 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 7,482 £550 +4.76% 2,871
London 0 4,362 £550 - 1,387
UK excluding London +9 3,527 £500 +2.56% 1,660
North of England +4 988 £495 +8.79% 518
South East -2 822 £500 -4.76% 343
North West +9 558 £500 +8.11% 295
South West +8 483 £534 +12.47% 137
Midlands +3 471 £500 +10.99% 244
Scotland +15 348 £500 +11.11% 114
Yorkshire 0 340 £475 +5.56% 162
East of England +5 339 £500 -2.44% 244
West Midlands +9 316 £500 +2.04% 146
East Midlands +1 151 £475 +11.76% 97
North East 0 90 £455 -8.91% 61
Wales -3 74 £500 -4.76% 45
Northern Ireland +7 16 £475 +3.54% 17
Channel Islands - 1 £525 - 2

For the 6 months to 20 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 3,192 (39.69%) Azure
2 3,191 (39.68%) Agile Software Development
3 3,101 (38.56%) DevOps
4 2,448 (30.44%) Python
5 2,188 (27.21%) Java
6 1,978 (24.60%) Docker
7 1,720 (21.39%) Linux
8 1,674 (20.82%) Kubernetes
9 1,611 (20.03%) Terraform
10 1,515 (18.84%) Microservices
11 1,507 (18.74%) Jenkins
12 1,442 (17.93%) Finance
13 1,348 (16.76%) Ansible
14 1,254 (15.59%) GCP
15 1,253 (15.58%) Web Services
16 1,215 (15.11%) SQL
17 1,184 (14.72%) JavaScript
18 1,153 (14.34%) Git (software)
19 1,056 (13.13%) Serverless
20 1,032 (12.83%) Security Cleared
21 1,001 (12.45%) Scrum
22 951 (11.83%) Continuous Integration
23 935 (11.63%) TDD
24 880 (10.94%) Migration
25 871 (10.83%) Microsoft
26 866 (10.77%) Node.js
27 857 (10.66%) AWS Lambda
28 846 (10.52%) Windows
29 813 (10.11%) Google
30 812 (10.10%) SC Cleared

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 414 (5.15%) Confluence
2 385 (4.79%) Apache Spark
3 292 (3.63%) Elasticsearch
4 246 (3.06%) Apache
5 150 (1.87%) nginx
6 141 (1.75%) Tomcat
7 124 (1.54%) OpenStack
8 99 (1.23%) SharePoint
9 97 (1.21%) IIS
10 90 (1.12%) JBoss
11 85 (1.06%) WebLogic
12 80 (0.99%) Cloud Foundry
13 71 (0.88%) WebSphere
14 65 (0.81%) Apache Airflow
15 53 (0.66%) MS Exchange
16 50 (0.62%) Skype for Business
17 49 (0.61%) Jupyter
18 47 (0.58%) Jetty
18 47 (0.58%) SAS
19 31 (0.39%) CMS
Applications
1 90 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 70 (0.87%) Microsoft Office
3 29 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
4 18 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.11%) XMetaL
7 3 (0.037%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.037%) GNU Octave
7 3 (0.037%) InDesign
7 3 (0.037%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.037%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.025%) SPSS
9 1 (0.012%) InVision
Business Applications
1 45 (0.56%) FINCAD Analytics
2 23 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
3 20 (0.25%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 18 (0.22%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 14 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
6 12 (0.15%) PolarLake
7 11 (0.14%) assyst
7 11 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
7 11 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
8 10 (0.12%) Markit EDM
9 9 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
10 8 (0.099%) Magento
11 7 (0.087%) Adobe Campaign
11 7 (0.087%) Oracle Applications
11 7 (0.087%) SAP ERP
12 6 (0.075%) R3 Corda
13 5 (0.062%) Eikon
13 5 (0.062%) NetSuite
13 5 (0.062%) SAP S/4HANA
14 4 (0.050%) SAP HR
Cloud Services
1 3,192 (39.69%) Azure
2 1,254 (15.59%) GCP
3 1,056 (13.13%) Serverless
4 857 (10.66%) AWS Lambda
5 790 (9.82%) Amazon S3
6 683 (8.49%) Amazon EC2
7 669 (8.32%) AWS CloudFormation
8 390 (4.85%) GitHub
9 374 (4.65%) PaaS
10 340 (4.23%) IaaS
11 323 (4.02%) SaaS
12 317 (3.94%) Office 365
13 306 (3.81%) Amazon SQS
13 306 (3.81%) OpenShift
14 242 (3.01%) Amazon ECS
15 236 (2.93%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 229 (2.85%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 219 (2.72%) Cloud Computing
18 175 (2.18%) Amazon Kinesis
19 156 (1.94%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 393 (4.89%) Firewall
2 244 (3.03%) DNS
3 216 (2.69%) VPN
4 188 (2.34%) WAN
5 151 (1.88%) TCP/IP
6 141 (1.75%) HTTP
7 128 (1.59%) Network Security
8 117 (1.45%) DHCP
9 115 (1.43%) LAN
10 109 (1.36%) SSL
11 103 (1.28%) Internet
12 86 (1.07%) SAN
13 75 (0.93%) Skype
14 50 (0.62%) IPsec
15 47 (0.58%) BGP
16 44 (0.55%) FTP
16 44 (0.55%) Intrusion Detection
17 41 (0.51%) Wireless
18 39 (0.48%) NetScaler
18 39 (0.48%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 624 (7.76%) Big Data
2 565 (7.03%) PostgreSQL
3 531 (6.60%) MySQL
4 523 (6.50%) Amazon RDS
5 508 (6.32%) SQL Server
6 494 (6.14%) NoSQL
7 405 (5.04%) Amazon Redshift
8 394 (4.90%) Hadoop
9 388 (4.82%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 361 (4.49%) MongoDB
11 332 (4.13%) Relational Database
12 283 (3.52%) Data Warehouse
13 210 (2.61%) Amazon Athena
14 166 (2.06%) Data Lake
15 161 (2.00%) Apache Cassandra
16 156 (1.94%) RDBMS
17 146 (1.82%) Amazon Aurora
18 141 (1.75%) Redis
19 135 (1.68%) Power BI
20 129 (1.60%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,507 (18.74%) Jenkins
2 1,153 (14.34%) Git (software)
3 710 (8.83%) JIRA
4 277 (3.44%) Maven
5 250 (3.11%) GitLab
6 210 (2.61%) Selenium
7 191 (2.38%) Bitbucket
8 187 (2.33%) Sonatype Nexus
9 182 (2.26%) Artifactory
10 179 (2.23%) JUnit
10 179 (2.23%) SonarQube
11 170 (2.11%) TeamCity
12 150 (1.87%) Cucumber
12 150 (1.87%) Mockito
13 127 (1.58%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 121 (1.50%) CircleCI
15 106 (1.32%) Visual Studio Team System
16 91 (1.13%) Travis CI
17 88 (1.09%) Gradle
17 88 (1.09%) Subversion
General
1 1,442 (17.93%) Finance
2 458 (5.70%) Banking
3 448 (5.57%) Public Sector
4 281 (3.49%) Front Office
5 272 (3.38%) Retail
6 118 (1.47%) Telecoms
7 96 (1.19%) Marketing
8 85 (1.06%) Law
9 76 (0.95%) Investment Banking
10 73 (0.91%) Legal
11 58 (0.72%) Manufacturing
12 50 (0.62%) Games
13 47 (0.58%) Publishing
14 45 (0.56%) Billing
15 44 (0.55%) Financial Institution
16 31 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
17 28 (0.35%) Electronics
18 27 (0.34%) Back Office
19 25 (0.31%) Retail Banking
20 24 (0.30%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 2,300 (28.60%) Developer
2 1,398 (17.38%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,258 (15.64%) Architect
4 870 (10.82%) AWS Engineer
5 697 (8.67%) Java Developer
6 506 (6.29%) AWS DevOps
7 479 (5.96%) Cloud Engineer
8 442 (5.50%) AWS Developer
9 428 (5.32%) Senior Developer
10 413 (5.14%) Data Engineer
11 399 (4.96%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 369 (4.59%) AWS Architect
13 363 (4.51%) Cloud Architect
14 281 (3.49%) Solutions Architect
15 279 (3.47%) Full Stack Developer
16 274 (3.41%) Consultant
17 264 (3.28%) Python Engineer
18 261 (3.25%) Python Developer
19 260 (3.23%) Software Engineer
20 244 (3.03%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,253 (15.58%) Web Services
2 866 (10.77%) Node.js
3 686 (8.53%) .NET
4 659 (8.19%) React
5 572 (7.11%) Spring
6 532 (6.62%) AngularJS
7 476 (5.92%) REST
8 443 (5.51%) Kafka
9 441 (5.48%) RESTful
10 398 (4.95%) CSS
11 386 (4.80%) HTML
12 380 (4.73%) Spring Boot
13 304 (3.78%) JSON
14 272 (3.38%) J2EE
15 214 (2.66%) .NET Core
16 199 (2.47%) SOAP
17 168 (2.09%) Redux
18 161 (2.00%) RabbitMQ
19 157 (1.95%) XML
20 149 (1.85%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 576 (7.16%) Public Cloud
2 450 (5.60%) Greenfield Project
3 388 (4.82%) Data Centre
4 291 (3.62%) Analytical Skills
5 233 (2.90%) Fixed Income
6 207 (2.57%) Cloud Native
7 197 (2.45%) Derivative
8 146 (1.82%) User Experience
9 144 (1.79%) Hybrid Cloud
10 137 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
11 121 (1.50%) Algorithms
12 116 (1.44%) Mobile App
13 112 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 97 (1.21%) Linux Command Line
15 90 (1.12%) Management Information System
16 89 (1.11%) Data Structures
17 87 (1.08%) Clustering
18 84 (1.04%) Private Cloud
19 82 (1.02%) Hedge funds
20 81 (1.01%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 1,720 (21.39%) Linux
2 846 (10.52%) Windows
3 383 (4.76%) Unix
4 345 (4.29%) Windows Server
5 331 (4.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 185 (2.30%) CentOS
7 133 (1.65%) Windows Server 2012
8 114 (1.42%) Windows Server 2008
9 107 (1.33%) Ubuntu
10 97 (1.21%) Android
11 93 (1.16%) Apple iOS
12 91 (1.13%) Windows 10
13 52 (0.65%) Windows 7
14 39 (0.48%) Mac OS X
15 38 (0.47%) Windows Server 2003
16 30 (0.37%) Debian
17 29 (0.36%) AIX
18 28 (0.35%) CoreOS
18 28 (0.35%) Mac OS
19 25 (0.31%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,191 (39.68%) Agile Software Development
2 3,101 (38.56%) DevOps
3 1,515 (18.84%) Microservices
4 1,001 (12.45%) Scrum
5 951 (11.83%) Continuous Integration
6 935 (11.63%) TDD
7 880 (10.94%) Migration
8 766 (9.52%) Software Engineering
9 654 (8.13%) Configuration Management
10 645 (8.02%) Analytics
11 631 (7.85%) Infrastructure as Code
12 579 (7.20%) Open Source
13 577 (7.17%) Test Automation
14 493 (6.13%) BDD
15 448 (5.57%) Kanban
16 405 (5.04%) Problem-Solving
17 398 (4.95%) ETL
18 389 (4.84%) Mentoring
19 388 (4.82%) Continuous Delivery
20 332 (4.13%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 2,448 (30.44%) Python
2 2,188 (27.21%) Java
3 1,215 (15.11%) SQL
4 1,184 (14.72%) JavaScript
5 608 (7.56%) C#
6 589 (7.32%) Bash Shell
7 464 (5.77%) Ruby
8 440 (5.47%) PowerShell
9 337 (4.19%) Java 8
10 330 (4.10%) Scala
11 296 (3.68%) Go
12 235 (2.92%) TypeScript
13 224 (2.79%) Perl
14 212 (2.64%) R
15 210 (2.61%) Shell Script
16 209 (2.60%) C++
17 198 (2.46%) PHP
18 113 (1.41%) ES6
19 90 (1.12%) C
20 83 (1.03%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,032 (12.83%) Security Cleared
2 812 (10.10%) SC Cleared
3 272 (3.38%) Degree
4 270 (3.36%) AWS Certification
5 174 (2.16%) CISSP
6 121 (1.50%) Cisco Certification
7 98 (1.22%) Microsoft Certification
8 95 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
9 75 (0.93%) CISM
10 74 (0.92%) DV Cleared
11 71 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
12 57 (0.71%) TOGAF Certification
13 54 (0.67%) MCSE
14 49 (0.61%) MCSA
15 47 (0.58%) CCNA
15 47 (0.58%) RHCE
16 44 (0.55%) CCNP
17 39 (0.48%) CISA
18 34 (0.42%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
19 32 (0.40%) (ISC)2 CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 214 (2.66%) QA
2 142 (1.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 101 (1.26%) NIST
4 75 (0.93%) PCI DSS
5 72 (0.90%) NCSC
6 70 (0.87%) GDPR
7 54 (0.67%) SLA
8 51 (0.63%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 39 (0.48%) Data Quality
10 28 (0.35%) COBIT
11 26 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 22 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
13 16 (0.20%) PMO
14 10 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
14 10 (0.12%) GxP
14 10 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 10 (0.12%) NIST 800
15 9 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 7 (0.087%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
17 6 (0.075%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 1,978 (24.60%) Docker
2 436 (5.42%) Active Directory
3 373 (4.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 129 (1.60%) Hyper-V
5 114 (1.42%) vSphere
6 97 (1.21%) Virtual Machines
7 61 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
8 45 (0.56%) XenApp
9 43 (0.53%) Postfix
10 42 (0.52%) VMware NSX
11 37 (0.46%) XenDesktop
12 35 (0.44%) HDFS
13 32 (0.40%) Xen
14 30 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
15 20 (0.25%) vCloud
16 17 (0.21%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 17 (0.21%) VirtualBox
17 15 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
18 12 (0.15%) Snort
18 12 (0.15%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 1,674 (20.82%) Kubernetes
2 1,611 (20.03%) Terraform
3 1,348 (16.76%) Ansible
4 788 (9.80%) Puppet
5 619 (7.70%) Opscode Chef
6 188 (2.34%) Packer
7 139 (1.73%) SCCM
8 113 (1.41%) Prometheus
9 95 (1.18%) Consul
10 93 (1.16%) Grafana
11 86 (1.07%) Salt
12 81 (1.01%) Nagios
13 72 (0.90%) Kibana
14 70 (0.87%) Single Sign-On
15 62 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
16 46 (0.57%) SCOM
17 35 (0.44%) HAProxy
17 35 (0.44%) Suricata
17 35 (0.44%) ZABBIX
18 34 (0.42%) Istio
Vendors
1 871 (10.83%) Microsoft
2 813 (10.11%) Google
3 584 (7.26%) VMware
4 490 (6.09%) Oracle
5 296 (3.68%) Splunk
6 277 (3.44%) Red Hat
7 247 (3.07%) Cisco
8 144 (1.79%) Citrix
8 144 (1.79%) IBM
9 141 (1.75%) Cloudera
10 130 (1.62%) SAP
11 127 (1.58%) Tableau
12 92 (1.14%) Informatica
13 90 (1.12%) Atlassian
13 90 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
14 78 (0.97%) Sybase
15 71 (0.88%) New Relic
16 69 (0.86%) Talend
17 68 (0.85%) Hortonworks
17 68 (0.85%) MuleSoft