Period
to 21 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for AWS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited AWS over the 6 months to 21 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)
UK
6 months to
21 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 11 12 13
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +24
Contract jobs citing AWS 3,484 8,647 8,687
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.84% 9.83% 8.45%
As % of the Cloud Services category 37.70% 34.17% 37.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,828 6,161 6,518
Median daily rate £533 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.18% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £375 £400 £375
90th Percentile £725 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 30 13
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £25.25
% change year-on-year - +38.61% -32.67%

AWS is in the Cloud Services category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills.

All Cloud Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for cloud computing skills 9,241 25,304 23,216
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.40% 28.76% 22.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,078 17,232 15,969
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +3.83%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £300
90th Percentile £688 £656 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £438
% change year-on-year - +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 196 407 348
Median hourly rate £34.50 £22.00 £18.13
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +56.82% +21.38% -9.38%
10th Percentile £15.00 £13.65 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.75 £78.75 £63.26
Median hourly rate £24.00 £22.34 £17.50
% change year-on-year +7.45% +27.63% -7.70%

AWS
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing AWS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Daily rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 21 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing AWS.

Hourly rate trend for AWS in the UK

AWS
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing AWS over the 6 months to 21 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for AWS in the UK

AWS
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing AWS within the UK over the 6 months to 21 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 3,200 £540 -1.82% 1,596
London +1 1,946 £557 -0.93% 705
UK excluding London +4 1,284 £500 - 1,017
Work from Home -3 503 £525 +5.00% 332
North of England +9 459 £500 +5.26% 311
North West +4 255 £500 +2.56% 183
South West +10 243 £520 -2.12% 138
South East +2 227 £488 -2.50% 170
Yorkshire +8 151 £500 +5.26% 97
East of England +4 142 £513 +2.50% 109
Scotland -11 88 £438 -12.50% 83
Midlands -25 82 £418 -14.80% 156
West Midlands -32 51 £432 -11.38% 103
North East +13 49 £519 +15.28% 31
Wales +18 44 £488 +2.09% 36
East Midlands -11 30 £400 -20.00% 52

For the 6 months to 21 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing AWS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for AWS.

1 1,610 (46.21%) Agile Software Development
2 1,534 (44.03%) Azure
3 1,373 (39.41%) DevOps
4 1,369 (39.29%) Java
5 1,273 (36.54%) Python
6 949 (27.24%) Kubernetes
7 934 (26.81%) Docker
8 863 (24.77%) Finance
9 847 (24.31%) Microservices
10 791 (22.70%) Web Services
11 737 (21.15%) GCP
12 713 (20.46%) Terraform
13 695 (19.95%) Jenkins
14 674 (19.35%) Software Engineering
15 640 (18.37%) JavaScript
16 602 (17.28%) Security Cleared
17 561 (16.10%) SQL
18 536 (15.38%) Serverless
19 516 (14.81%) Linux
20 497 (14.27%) Asset Management
21 491 (14.09%) SC Cleared
22 472 (13.55%) AWS Lambda
23 468 (13.43%) React
24 446 (12.80%) TDD
25 425 (12.20%) Git (software)
25 425 (12.20%) Test Automation
26 417 (11.97%) Ansible
27 412 (11.83%) AngularJS
28 411 (11.80%) Google
29 410 (11.77%) Banking

AWS
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 172 (4.94%) Apache
2 151 (4.33%) Apache Spark
2 151 (4.33%) Confluence
3 114 (3.27%) Elasticsearch
4 72 (2.07%) Cloud Foundry
5 50 (1.44%) Tomcat
6 35 (1.00%) Mule
7 33 (0.95%) SharePoint
8 30 (0.86%) nginx
9 27 (0.77%) WebLogic
10 20 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 19 (0.55%) CMS
11 19 (0.55%) IIS
12 17 (0.49%) Jupyter
13 16 (0.46%) OpenStack
13 16 (0.46%) SAS
14 15 (0.43%) BizTalk Server
15 14 (0.40%) WebSphere
16 13 (0.37%) JBoss
17 11 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 33 (0.95%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (0.63%) Spreadsheet
3 6 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.14%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.11%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.086%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.057%) Adobe Premiere
7 2 (0.057%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.029%) EngageOne
8 1 (0.029%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.029%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 18 (0.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.26%) Markit EDM
2 9 (0.26%) SimCorp Dimension
3 7 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
5 5 (0.14%) Magento
5 5 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.14%) Sentinel
6 4 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 3 (0.086%) Adobe Campaign
7 3 (0.086%) assyst
7 3 (0.086%) SAP APO
7 3 (0.086%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.086%) SAP MDM
8 2 (0.057%) Maximo
8 2 (0.057%) Oracle Applications
8 2 (0.057%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.057%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.057%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 1,534 (44.03%) Azure
2 737 (21.15%) GCP
3 536 (15.38%) Serverless
4 472 (13.55%) AWS Lambda
5 406 (11.65%) Amazon S3
6 325 (9.33%) Amazon EC2
7 270 (7.75%) AWS CloudFormation
8 212 (6.08%) Amazon ECS
9 154 (4.42%) OpenShift
10 144 (4.13%) GitHub
11 129 (3.70%) Amazon SQS
11 129 (3.70%) PaaS
12 115 (3.30%) SaaS
13 100 (2.87%) IaaS
14 97 (2.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 93 (2.67%) Amazon EKS
16 92 (2.64%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 82 (2.35%) Cloud Computing
18 71 (2.04%) Apigee
19 63 (1.81%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 132 (3.79%) Firewall
2 106 (3.04%) DNS
3 80 (2.30%) SSL
4 57 (1.64%) HTTP
5 54 (1.55%) TCP/IP
6 52 (1.49%) VPN
7 45 (1.29%) WAN
8 42 (1.21%) Network Security
9 38 (1.09%) Skype
10 37 (1.06%) Internet
11 31 (0.89%) HTTPS
12 26 (0.75%) LAN
13 24 (0.69%) DHCP
14 19 (0.55%) Kerberos
14 19 (0.55%) Reverse Proxy
15 18 (0.52%) SAN
16 17 (0.49%) VLAN
16 17 (0.49%) Wireless
17 14 (0.40%) BGP
18 13 (0.37%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 289 (8.30%) MySQL
2 286 (8.21%) PostgreSQL
3 249 (7.15%) SQL Server
4 238 (6.83%) Amazon RDS
5 233 (6.69%) MongoDB
6 224 (6.43%) Amazon Redshift
6 224 (6.43%) Big Data
7 215 (6.17%) NoSQL
8 180 (5.17%) Hadoop
9 178 (5.11%) Relational Database
10 173 (4.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 116 (3.33%) Data Warehouse
12 77 (2.21%) Amazon Aurora
13 76 (2.18%) RDBMS
14 69 (1.98%) Apache Hive
15 65 (1.87%) Data Lake
16 53 (1.52%) Power BI
17 50 (1.44%) Redis
18 43 (1.23%) Oracle Database
19 42 (1.21%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 695 (19.95%) Jenkins
2 425 (12.20%) Git (software)
3 266 (7.63%) GitLab
4 226 (6.49%) JIRA
5 177 (5.08%) Artifactory
6 174 (4.99%) Maven
7 111 (3.19%) JUnit
7 111 (3.19%) Mockito
8 96 (2.76%) Cucumber
9 92 (2.64%) RStudio
10 89 (2.55%) SonarQube
11 77 (2.21%) Sonatype Nexus
12 74 (2.12%) Selenium
13 60 (1.72%) Bitbucket
13 60 (1.72%) Gradle
14 47 (1.35%) TeamCity
15 42 (1.21%) CircleCI
16 29 (0.83%) Octopus Deploy
17 28 (0.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 28 (0.80%) JMeter
General
1 863 (24.77%) Finance
2 410 (11.77%) Banking
3 384 (11.02%) Front Office
4 295 (8.47%) Public Sector
5 151 (4.33%) Investment Banking
6 54 (1.55%) Marketing
7 53 (1.52%) Telecoms
8 47 (1.35%) Retail
9 40 (1.15%) Back Office
10 39 (1.12%) Manufacturing
11 30 (0.86%) Law
12 28 (0.80%) Electronics
13 27 (0.77%) Advertising
14 21 (0.60%) Games
15 18 (0.52%) Pharmaceutical
16 16 (0.46%) Police
17 14 (0.40%) Legal
17 14 (0.40%) Publishing
18 13 (0.37%) Financial Institution
19 10 (0.29%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,284 (36.85%) Developer
2 565 (16.22%) AWS Engineer
3 505 (14.49%) Architect
4 476 (13.66%) Java Developer
5 438 (12.57%) DevOps Engineer
6 371 (10.65%) AWS Developer
7 282 (8.09%) Software Engineer
8 221 (6.34%) AWS DevOps
9 214 (6.14%) Python Developer
10 211 (6.06%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 179 (5.14%) Cloud Engineer
12 174 (4.99%) Python Engineer
13 170 (4.88%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 163 (4.68%) AWS Architect
15 157 (4.51%) Java Engineer
16 149 (4.28%) Senior Developer
17 146 (4.19%) AWS Software Engineer
18 145 (4.16%) Solutions Architect
19 143 (4.10%) Cloud Architect
20 139 (3.99%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 791 (22.70%) Web Services
2 468 (13.43%) React
3 412 (11.83%) AngularJS
4 365 (10.48%) Node.js
5 333 (9.56%) Spring
6 252 (7.23%) REST
7 251 (7.20%) .NET
8 250 (7.18%) Vue.js
9 232 (6.66%) Spring Boot
10 177 (5.08%) RESTful
11 169 (4.85%) Kafka
12 166 (4.76%) HTML
13 131 (3.76%) CSS
14 120 (3.44%) .NET Core
15 118 (3.39%) gRPC
15 118 (3.39%) J2EE
16 99 (2.84%) OAuth
17 97 (2.78%) JSON
18 96 (2.76%) SOAP
19 89 (2.55%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 380 (10.91%) Fixed Income
2 372 (10.68%) Hedge funds
3 360 (10.33%) Derivative
4 321 (9.21%) Equities
5 242 (6.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 193 (5.54%) Greenfield Project
7 176 (5.05%) Public Cloud
8 147 (4.22%) Analytical Skills
9 122 (3.50%) Cloud Native
10 97 (2.78%) Mobile App
11 96 (2.76%) Data Centre
12 92 (2.64%) User Experience
13 60 (1.72%) Management Information System
14 48 (1.38%) Blog
15 45 (1.29%) Hybrid Cloud
16 37 (1.06%) Enterprise Software
17 36 (1.03%) Private Cloud
18 35 (1.00%) Credit Derivative
19 33 (0.95%) Data Structures
20 31 (0.89%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 516 (14.81%) Linux
2 212 (6.08%) Windows
3 192 (5.51%) Unix
4 77 (2.21%) Mac OS X
5 71 (2.04%) Apple iOS
6 69 (1.98%) Android
7 62 (1.78%) Windows Server
8 59 (1.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 36 (1.03%) CentOS
10 34 (0.98%) Windows Server 2016
11 29 (0.83%) Ubuntu
11 29 (0.83%) Windows Server 2012
12 24 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
13 21 (0.60%) Windows Server 2019
14 20 (0.57%) Debian
15 19 (0.55%) Windows 10
16 10 (0.29%) VMS
17 9 (0.26%) CoreOS
17 9 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
18 8 (0.23%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,610 (46.21%) Agile Software Development
2 1,373 (39.41%) DevOps
3 847 (24.31%) Microservices
4 674 (19.35%) Software Engineering
5 497 (14.27%) Asset Management
6 446 (12.80%) TDD
7 425 (12.20%) Test Automation
8 405 (11.62%) Scrum
9 347 (9.96%) Investment Management
10 312 (8.96%) Migration
11 307 (8.81%) Continuous Integration
12 296 (8.50%) BDD
13 283 (8.12%) Infrastructure as Code
14 246 (7.06%) Open Source
15 229 (6.57%) Continuous Delivery
16 220 (6.31%) Analytics
17 200 (5.74%) Pair Programming
18 186 (5.34%) Problem-Solving
19 180 (5.17%) Decision-Making
19 180 (5.17%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 1,369 (39.29%) Java
2 1,273 (36.54%) Python
3 640 (18.37%) JavaScript
4 561 (16.10%) SQL
5 282 (8.09%) Java 8
6 234 (6.72%) C#
7 223 (6.40%) Bash Shell
8 135 (3.87%) Kotlin
9 132 (3.79%) R
10 130 (3.73%) TypeScript
11 121 (3.47%) Go
12 119 (3.42%) PowerShell
13 118 (3.39%) Ruby
14 104 (2.99%) Scala
15 96 (2.76%) Shell Script
16 70 (2.01%) Perl
17 63 (1.81%) PHP
18 59 (1.69%) C++
19 45 (1.29%) C
20 40 (1.15%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 602 (17.28%) Security Cleared
2 491 (14.09%) SC Cleared
3 126 (3.62%) Degree
4 84 (2.41%) DV Cleared
5 80 (2.30%) AWS Certification
6 62 (1.78%) BPSS Clearance
7 61 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
8 54 (1.55%) CISSP
9 48 (1.38%) Cisco Certification
10 32 (0.92%) Sun Certification
11 28 (0.80%) DBS Check
12 22 (0.63%) CCA
13 20 (0.57%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 20 (0.57%) CCNP
14 19 (0.55%) CISM
15 18 (0.52%) TOGAF Certification
16 16 (0.46%) Master's Degree
17 15 (0.43%) CCSP
17 15 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 13 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 114 (3.27%) QA
2 33 (0.95%) Data Quality
3 32 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 28 (0.80%) GDPR
5 13 (0.37%) NCSC
5 13 (0.37%) SLA
6 11 (0.32%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.29%) HIPAA
7 10 (0.29%) NIST
8 9 (0.26%) PMO
9 8 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 7 (0.20%) GxP
11 5 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 4 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
12 4 (0.11%) Disclosure Scotland
13 3 (0.086%) ISO 13485
13 3 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 2 (0.057%) JSP 440
15 1 (0.029%) COBIT
15 1 (0.029%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 934 (26.81%) Docker
2 143 (4.10%) Active Directory
3 87 (2.50%) VMware Infrastructure
4 36 (1.03%) vSphere
5 34 (0.98%) HDFS
6 25 (0.72%) Hyper-V
7 20 (0.57%) VMware ESXi
8 15 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 14 (0.40%) NDS
9 14 (0.40%) VMware NSX
10 12 (0.34%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 10 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
12 9 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
13 7 (0.20%) Apache Flume
13 7 (0.20%) XenApp
14 6 (0.17%) NFS
15 5 (0.14%) Firmware
15 5 (0.14%) Postfix
15 5 (0.14%) Terminal Services
15 5 (0.14%) Xen
Systems Management
1 949 (27.24%) Kubernetes
2 713 (20.46%) Terraform
3 417 (11.97%) Ansible
4 219 (6.29%) Puppet
5 136 (3.90%) Opscode Chef
6 90 (2.58%) Prometheus
7 67 (1.92%) Kibana
8 58 (1.66%) Packer
9 55 (1.58%) Grafana
10 30 (0.86%) logstash
10 30 (0.86%) Single Sign-On
11 24 (0.69%) SCCM
12 22 (0.63%) Zipkin
13 21 (0.60%) Nagios
14 19 (0.55%) FortiGate
15 16 (0.46%) NetIQ Identity Manager
16 15 (0.43%) Rancher
17 14 (0.40%) Rundeck
18 13 (0.37%) Salt
18 13 (0.37%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 411 (11.80%) Google
2 274 (7.86%) Oracle
3 265 (7.61%) Microsoft
4 136 (3.90%) Splunk
5 126 (3.62%) Cloudera
6 122 (3.50%) VMware
7 81 (2.32%) AppDynamics
8 68 (1.95%) SAP
9 57 (1.64%) Cisco
10 55 (1.58%) Hortonworks
11 50 (1.44%) MuleSoft
12 49 (1.41%) IBM
13 47 (1.35%) Red Hat
14 44 (1.26%) F5
15 39 (1.12%) Talend
16 38 (1.09%) Tableau
17 36 (1.03%) Informatica
18 34 (0.98%) Salesforce.com
19 30 (0.86%) Databricks
19 30 (0.86%) Sybase