Period
to 29 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 29 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK
6 months to
29 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 99 96 117
Rank change year-on-year -3 +21 +11
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 1,074 2,298 2,242
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.31% 2.53% 2.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.70% 2.90% 2.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 645 1,356 1,505
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £300 £313 £315
90th Percentile £675 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £436 £450 £430
% change year-on-year -3.06% +4.65% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 56 59
Median hourly rate £24.30 £30.75 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.98% +7.89% +3.64%
10th Percentile £11.63 £14.11 £18.09
90th Percentile £52.12 £50.63 £62.40
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.08 £33.25 £30.00
% change year-on-year -30.60% +10.83% +9.09%

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 39,726 79,287 87,767
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.46% 87.25% 86.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,019 52,210 57,865
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
10th Percentile £300 £305 £298
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £420
% change year-on-year +2.86% +4.17% +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,399 2,131 2,312
Median hourly rate £30.00 £24.91 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.43% +13.23% -12.42%
10th Percentile £12.75 £11.85 £11.17
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £23.00 £23.75 £21.00
% change year-on-year -3.16% +13.10% -17.65%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 29 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 29 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the UK over the 6 months to 29 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 940 £481 +1.21% 177
UK excluding London -29 576 £436 -3.06% 154
London +28 463 £535 +7.00% 34
South East -23 148 £400 -13.75% 25
North of England -23 102 £430 -4.44% 36
South West 0 99 £475 -5.00% 30
Midlands +38 82 £425 +3.03% 35
Scotland +14 82 £450 +2.86% 8
North West 0 52 £425 -9.33% 19
East of England -22 45 £405 -17.97% 17
East Midlands +41 43 £405 +5.19% 10
West Midlands +14 38 £425 - 25
Work from Home +5 32 £425 -17.07% 17
Yorkshire -8 29 £464 +5.34% 8
North East -8 22 £428 -10.66% 9
Wales 0 20 £500 +17.65% 5

For the 6 months to 29 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 530 (49.35%) Agile Software Development
2 252 (23.46%) Finance
3 176 (16.39%) Scrum
4 173 (16.11%) TDD
5 170 (15.83%) Security Cleared
6 167 (15.55%) Problem-Solving
7 163 (15.18%) DevOps
8 160 (14.90%) SQL
9 159 (14.80%) JavaScript
10 157 (14.62%) Microsoft
11 146 (13.59%) Analytical Skills
12 145 (13.50%) Java
13 134 (12.48%) SC Cleared
14 132 (12.29%) Azure
15 123 (11.45%) Degree
16 121 (11.27%) Windows
17 118 (10.99%) AWS
18 111 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
19 109 (10.15%) Project Management
20 108 (10.06%) ITIL
21 104 (9.68%) Mentoring
22 102 (9.50%) JIRA
23 100 (9.31%) Project Delivery
24 99 (9.22%) Coaching
25 94 (8.75%) Test Automation
26 93 (8.66%) User Experience
27 91 (8.47%) Change Management
28 90 (8.38%) Stakeholder Management
28 90 (8.38%) HTML
29 89 (8.29%) Analytics

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (5.03%) Confluence
2 23 (2.14%) SharePoint
2 23 (2.14%) Tomcat
3 19 (1.77%) IIS
4 16 (1.49%) WebLogic
5 14 (1.30%) Apache
6 13 (1.21%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (0.74%) MS Exchange
7 8 (0.74%) WebSphere
8 7 (0.65%) JBoss
9 6 (0.56%) CMS
9 6 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2013
10 5 (0.47%) Apache Solr
10 5 (0.47%) Apache Spark
10 5 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2007
11 4 (0.37%) ArcGIS
11 4 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
11 4 (0.37%) Skype for Business
12 3 (0.28%) Appian
12 3 (0.28%) nginx
Applications
1 48 (4.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (4.19%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (1.77%) Microsoft Project
4 15 (1.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (1.21%) MS Visio
6 11 (1.02%) Sketch
7 7 (0.65%) Spreadsheet
8 4 (0.37%) Adobe After Effects
9 2 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.19%) Adobe XD
9 2 (0.19%) InVision
10 1 (0.093%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.093%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.093%) LibreOffice
10 1 (0.093%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.093%) ProjectWise
10 1 (0.093%) UserZoom
10 1 (0.093%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (0.65%) Dynamics AX
1 7 (0.65%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
2 5 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
2 5 (0.47%) Unit4 Business World
3 3 (0.28%) NetSuite
3 3 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
3 3 (0.28%) Primavera
3 3 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.19%) Cognos TM1
4 2 (0.19%) Oracle Manufacturing
5 1 (0.093%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.093%) Oracle Financials
5 1 (0.093%) Oracle Internet Expenses
5 1 (0.093%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.093%) SAP EHS
5 1 (0.093%) SAP ERP
5 1 (0.093%) SAP PLM
5 1 (0.093%) SAP SD
5 1 (0.093%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 132 (12.29%) Azure
2 118 (10.99%) AWS
3 27 (2.51%) Office 365
4 24 (2.23%) GCP
5 23 (2.14%) SaaS
6 20 (1.86%) GitHub
7 17 (1.58%) PaaS
8 16 (1.49%) Power Platform
9 12 (1.12%) Dynamics 365
9 12 (1.12%) IaaS
10 11 (1.02%) Google Analytics
11 9 (0.84%) OpenShift
12 8 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
13 6 (0.56%) Amazon EC2
14 5 (0.47%) npm
14 5 (0.47%) Veeva
14 5 (0.47%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 4 (0.37%) Azure ExpressRoute
15 4 (0.37%) OneDrive
15 4 (0.37%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 29 (2.70%) Firewall
2 27 (2.51%) DNS
3 14 (1.30%) HTTP
4 13 (1.21%) TCP/IP
5 12 (1.12%) Skype
5 12 (1.12%) SSL
6 10 (0.93%) DHCP
7 8 (0.74%) RTMP
8 7 (0.65%) SAN
9 6 (0.56%) LAN
9 6 (0.56%) WAN
10 5 (0.47%) Internet
10 5 (0.47%) Wireshark
11 4 (0.37%) Cisco ASA
11 4 (0.37%) Radio Access Network
12 3 (0.28%) 3G
12 3 (0.28%) DMZ
12 3 (0.28%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 3 (0.28%) NetScreen
12 3 (0.28%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 65 (6.05%) SQL Server
2 45 (4.19%) NoSQL
3 40 (3.72%) Relational Database
4 35 (3.26%) Big Data
5 15 (1.40%) Oracle Database
6 14 (1.30%) PostgreSQL
7 12 (1.12%) Data Lake
7 12 (1.12%) Power BI
7 12 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 11 (1.02%) MongoDB
8 11 (1.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 10 (0.93%) Data Warehouse
9 10 (0.93%) Redis
10 9 (0.84%) Cosmos DB
10 9 (0.84%) Hadoop
10 9 (0.84%) MySQL
11 8 (0.74%) Apache Cassandra
11 8 (0.74%) Oracle Database 12c
11 8 (0.74%) Oracle Exadata
11 8 (0.74%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 102 (9.50%) JIRA
2 82 (7.64%) Jenkins
3 70 (6.52%) Git (software)
4 29 (2.70%) GitLab
5 27 (2.51%) Selenium
6 25 (2.33%) Cucumber
7 21 (1.96%) TeamCity
8 20 (1.86%) Visual Studio
9 19 (1.77%) JUnit
9 19 (1.77%) Maven
9 19 (1.77%) Team Foundation Server
10 15 (1.40%) NUnit
11 14 (1.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 14 (1.30%) Bitbucket
12 13 (1.21%) Artifactory
13 10 (0.93%) WebDriver
14 9 (0.84%) CircleCI
14 9 (0.84%) Visual Studio Team System
15 8 (0.74%) Gatling
15 8 (0.74%) Subversion
General
1 252 (23.46%) Finance
2 88 (8.19%) Public Sector
3 59 (5.49%) Banking
4 35 (3.26%) Front Office
5 26 (2.42%) Investment Banking
6 25 (2.33%) Retail
6 25 (2.33%) Telecoms
7 23 (2.14%) Legal
8 22 (2.05%) Marketing
9 20 (1.86%) Manufacturing
10 18 (1.68%) Military
11 16 (1.49%) Games
12 14 (1.30%) Pharmaceutical
12 14 (1.30%) Publishing
12 14 (1.30%) Retail Banking
13 10 (0.93%) Corporate Banking
14 8 (0.74%) Aerospace
15 7 (0.65%) Financial Institution
15 7 (0.65%) Law
16 6 (0.56%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 215 (20.02%) Developer
2 123 (11.45%) Analyst
3 59 (5.49%) Architect
4 53 (4.93%) Delivery Manager
5 52 (4.84%) Project Manager
5 52 (4.84%) Scrum Master
6 45 (4.19%) .NET Developer
7 43 (4.00%) React Developer
8 39 (3.63%) Consultant
9 33 (3.07%) Business Analyst
10 32 (2.98%) Senior Developer
11 31 (2.89%) C# Developer
12 30 (2.79%) Designer
12 30 (2.79%) JavaScript Developer
13 24 (2.23%) DevOps Engineer
14 23 (2.14%) Change Manager
14 23 (2.14%) Java Developer
14 23 (2.14%) Service Analyst
15 20 (1.86%) C# .NET Developer
15 20 (1.86%) Senior Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 90 (8.38%) HTML
2 86 (8.01%) .NET
3 80 (7.45%) CSS
4 69 (6.42%) Web Services
5 65 (6.05%) Node.js
5 65 (6.05%) React
6 59 (5.49%) AngularJS
7 43 (4.00%) REST
8 38 (3.54%) .NET Framework
9 37 (3.45%) Redux
10 34 (3.17%) XML
11 31 (2.89%) Spring
12 29 (2.70%) Spring Boot
13 28 (2.61%) Entity Framework
14 27 (2.51%) HTML5
15 26 (2.42%) RESTful
16 25 (2.33%) ASP.NET
17 23 (2.14%) Kafka
18 18 (1.68%) Middleware
19 17 (1.58%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 146 (13.59%) Analytical Skills
2 93 (8.66%) User Experience
3 48 (4.47%) Management Information System
4 45 (4.19%) Self-Motivation
5 27 (2.51%) Enterprise Software
6 23 (2.14%) Virtual Team
7 22 (2.05%) Public Cloud
8 19 (1.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 15 (1.40%) Mobile App
10 14 (1.30%) Fixed Income
11 13 (1.21%) Blog
12 12 (1.12%) Cloud Native
12 12 (1.12%) Data Centre
13 10 (0.93%) Robotics
14 9 (0.84%) Replication
15 8 (0.74%) FMCG
15 8 (0.74%) Greenfield Project
16 7 (0.65%) Data Structures
17 6 (0.56%) Hybrid Cloud
17 6 (0.56%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 121 (11.27%) Windows
2 65 (6.05%) Linux
3 48 (4.47%) Windows Server
4 25 (2.33%) Unix
5 21 (1.96%) Windows 10
6 20 (1.86%) Android
7 15 (1.40%) Apple iOS
8 11 (1.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 10 (0.93%) Windows Server 2016
10 9 (0.84%) Windows Server 2012
11 8 (0.74%) Solaris
11 8 (0.74%) Windows 7
12 6 (0.56%) Mac OS
12 6 (0.56%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.47%) Oracle Linux
14 4 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
15 2 (0.19%) CentOS
15 2 (0.19%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.19%) Windows 8
15 2 (0.19%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 530 (49.35%) Agile Software Development
2 176 (16.39%) Scrum
3 173 (16.11%) TDD
4 167 (15.55%) Problem-Solving
5 163 (15.18%) DevOps
6 111 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
7 109 (10.15%) Project Management
8 108 (10.06%) ITIL
9 104 (9.68%) Mentoring
10 100 (9.31%) Project Delivery
11 99 (9.22%) Coaching
12 94 (8.75%) Test Automation
13 91 (8.47%) Change Management
14 90 (8.38%) Stakeholder Management
15 89 (8.29%) Analytics
16 87 (8.10%) Decision-Making
17 77 (7.17%) Kanban
18 71 (6.61%) BDD
19 66 (6.15%) SDLC
20 59 (5.49%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 160 (14.90%) SQL
2 159 (14.80%) JavaScript
3 145 (13.50%) Java
4 82 (7.64%) C#
4 82 (7.64%) Python
5 43 (4.00%) PowerShell
6 27 (2.51%) C
7 24 (2.23%) TypeScript
8 17 (1.58%) Scala
9 16 (1.49%) T-SQL
10 11 (1.02%) Bash Shell
10 11 (1.02%) C++
10 11 (1.02%) PL/SQL
11 8 (0.74%) Java 8
11 8 (0.74%) Ruby
11 8 (0.74%) XAML
12 6 (0.56%) Apple Swift
12 6 (0.56%) R
12 6 (0.56%) Shell Script
13 5 (0.47%) VBA
Qualifications
1 170 (15.83%) Security Cleared
2 134 (12.48%) SC Cleared
3 123 (11.45%) Degree
4 28 (2.61%) DV Cleared
5 16 (1.49%) ISEB
6 14 (1.30%) HNC
7 12 (1.12%) Cisco Certification
7 12 (1.12%) ISTQB
7 12 (1.12%) PMI Certification
8 10 (0.93%) PMP
9 9 (0.84%) APMP
10 7 (0.65%) ITIL Certification
11 6 (0.56%) BC Cleared
11 6 (0.56%) CCNP
11 6 (0.56%) Computer Science Degree
11 6 (0.56%) DBS Check
11 6 (0.56%) ISEB Practitioner
11 6 (0.56%) Six Sigma Black Belt
12 5 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
12 5 (0.47%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (7.45%) QA
2 27 (2.51%) GDPR
3 25 (2.33%) PMO
4 23 (2.14%) SLA
5 18 (1.68%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (1.58%) Data Quality
6 17 (1.58%) WCAG
7 14 (1.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 11 (1.02%) Cyber Essentials
9 8 (0.74%) COBIT
9 8 (0.74%) HIPAA
10 7 (0.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 6 (0.56%) RMADS
12 5 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
12 5 (0.47%) NIST
13 4 (0.37%) ISO 14001
13 4 (0.37%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.37%) JSP 440
13 4 (0.37%) NCSC
14 3 (0.28%) GMP
System Software
1 50 (4.66%) Docker
2 35 (3.26%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.74%) Oracle RAC
3 8 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.47%) vSphere
5 2 (0.19%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
5 2 (0.19%) DFS Replication
5 2 (0.19%) Hyper-V
5 2 (0.19%) ISA Server
5 2 (0.19%) OpenAM
5 2 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
5 2 (0.19%) VMware Workstation
6 1 (0.093%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.093%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.093%) XenApp
6 1 (0.093%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 62 (5.77%) Kubernetes
2 44 (4.10%) Ansible
3 42 (3.91%) Terraform
4 28 (2.61%) Opscode Chef
5 25 (2.33%) Puppet
6 20 (1.86%) SCCM
7 8 (0.74%) Data Guard
7 8 (0.74%) Oracle RMAN
7 8 (0.74%) Single Sign-On
8 6 (0.56%) WSUS
9 4 (0.37%) AirWatch
9 4 (0.37%) Grafana
9 4 (0.37%) Kibana
9 4 (0.37%) SCOM
10 3 (0.28%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 3 (0.28%) Prometheus
10 3 (0.28%) vRealize
11 2 (0.19%) Failover Clustering
11 2 (0.19%) FreeIPA
11 2 (0.19%) Rancher
Vendors
1 157 (14.62%) Microsoft
2 76 (7.08%) Oracle
3 36 (3.35%) SAP
4 30 (2.79%) Google
5 27 (2.51%) IBM
6 25 (2.33%) ServiceNow
7 22 (2.05%) Citrix
8 17 (1.58%) HP
9 16 (1.49%) Cisco
10 15 (1.40%) Red Hat
11 13 (1.21%) MuleSoft
12 12 (1.12%) Splunk
13 11 (1.02%) VMware
14 10 (0.93%) Adobe
14 10 (0.93%) Dell
14 10 (0.93%) TIBCO
15 9 (0.84%) Juniper
15 9 (0.84%) Salesforce.com
16 8 (0.74%) Atlassian
17 7 (0.65%) Capita