Period
to 16 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 16 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 117 127 171
Rank change year-on-year +10 +44 +19
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 2,121 2,022 1,600
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.12% 2.09% 1.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.50% 2.50% 1.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,456 1,265 999
UK median daily rate £463 £440 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.11% +4.76% -1.18%
10th Percentile £305 £275 £258
90th Percentile £620 £600 £579
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £375
% change year-on-year +3.03% +10.00% -3.54%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 48 59
UK median hourly rate £26.87 £27.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.31% - +22.22%
10th Percentile £15.10 £14.00 £12.40
90th Percentile £42.35 £33.75 £50.99
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.50 £27.50 £27.50

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 84,708 80,985 88,418
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.49% 83.85% 82.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,780 53,648 57,331
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +2.50% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,963 2,249 2,692
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £24.43 £23.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.78% +4.29% +17.13%
10th Percentile £11.45 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.29 £24.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +1.21% -4.00% +25.00%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 16 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 1,985 £465 +3.33% 912
UK excluding London +7 1,228 £425 +3.03% 699
London -2 866 £515 +8.42% 289
South East +13 453 £450 +5.88% 176
North of England +7 255 £425 +6.25% 161
East of England +17 147 £463 +6.32% 96
Midlands -29 136 £400 -1.84% 114
South West +15 126 £411 -5.19% 73
Yorkshire +18 107 £425 +3.66% 71
North West -10 97 £425 -5.56% 80
Scotland -4 84 £373 -0.67% 37
West Midlands -37 79 £406 -4.41% 62
North East +29 56 £425 +13.33% 10
East Midlands -5 52 £375 +4.17% 52
Wales -7 31 £463 +8.82% 36
Northern Ireland -25 1 £450 +61.43% 6

For the 6 months to 16 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 1,029 (48.51%) Agile Software Development
2 546 (25.74%) Finance
3 460 (21.69%) Scrum
4 328 (15.46%) TDD
5 304 (14.33%) Project Management
6 290 (13.67%) Java
7 281 (13.25%) Analytical Skills
8 249 (11.74%) JavaScript
9 247 (11.65%) Microsoft
10 237 (11.17%) Stakeholder Management
11 228 (10.75%) Coaching
11 228 (10.75%) BDD
12 224 (10.56%) Test Automation
13 222 (10.47%) Degree
14 219 (10.33%) User Stories
15 217 (10.23%) Continuous Integration
16 203 (9.57%) ITIL
17 194 (9.15%) Kanban
18 190 (8.96%) Mentoring
19 186 (8.77%) SQL
20 184 (8.68%) DevOps
21 182 (8.58%) HTML
22 180 (8.49%) QA
23 167 (7.87%) Analytics
24 164 (7.73%) C#
24 164 (7.73%) Acceptance Criteria
25 162 (7.64%) AngularJS
26 161 (7.59%) Git (software)
27 159 (7.50%) RESTful
28 158 (7.45%) Banking

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (4.53%) Confluence
2 62 (2.92%) SharePoint
3 38 (1.79%) CMS
4 33 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
5 27 (1.27%) WebSphere
6 22 (1.04%) Apache Spark
7 20 (0.94%) Skype for Business
8 16 (0.75%) IIS
8 16 (0.75%) MS Exchange
9 15 (0.71%) Apache
9 15 (0.71%) SAS
10 13 (0.61%) nginx
11 12 (0.57%) Tomcat
12 11 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2010
13 10 (0.47%) Mule
13 10 (0.47%) Sitecore CMS
14 9 (0.42%) Apache Solr
14 9 (0.42%) Cloud Foundry
15 8 (0.38%) Apache ServiceMix
15 8 (0.38%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 111 (5.23%) Microsoft Office
2 109 (5.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 65 (3.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 37 (1.74%) Microsoft Project
5 33 (1.56%) MS Visio
6 9 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.19%) HipChat
7 4 (0.19%) InfoPath
7 4 (0.19%) Maya
8 3 (0.14%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.094%) Adobe Illustrator
9 2 (0.094%) SPSS
10 1 (0.047%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 11 (0.52%) Oracle ERP
2 10 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
3 8 (0.38%) Primavera
3 8 (0.38%) Teamcenter
4 6 (0.28%) SAP MM
4 6 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
5 5 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.24%) Magento
5 5 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.24%) SAP BPC
5 5 (0.24%) SAP MDG
6 4 (0.19%) SAP CO
6 4 (0.19%) SAP FI
6 4 (0.19%) SAP FI/CO
6 4 (0.19%) SAP HR
6 4 (0.19%) SAP PP
6 4 (0.19%) Workday HCM
7 3 (0.14%) Maximo
7 3 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.14%) SAP WM
Cloud Services
1 126 (5.94%) Amazon AWS
2 120 (5.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 56 (2.64%) Office 365
4 41 (1.93%) GitHub
5 24 (1.13%) SaaS
6 18 (0.85%) Amazon S3
7 13 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
8 12 (0.57%) FinancialForce
8 12 (0.57%) Google Cloud Platform
9 11 (0.52%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (0.47%) Slack
11 9 (0.42%) Trello
12 8 (0.38%) Sauce Labs
13 7 (0.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 7 (0.33%) Google Analytics
13 7 (0.33%) npm
14 5 (0.24%) IaaS
14 5 (0.24%) OneDrive
14 5 (0.24%) Salesforce Service Cloud
14 5 (0.24%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 52 (2.45%) Firewall
2 22 (1.04%) Internet
2 22 (1.04%) WAN
3 20 (0.94%) Network Security
3 20 (0.94%) TCP/IP
4 18 (0.85%) DNS
4 18 (0.85%) Skype
5 17 (0.80%) Wireless
6 16 (0.75%) Intrusion Detection
7 15 (0.71%) HTTP
7 15 (0.71%) SAN
8 14 (0.66%) DHCP
8 14 (0.66%) LAN
9 13 (0.61%) Intranet
10 11 (0.52%) SSL
10 11 (0.52%) Unified Communications
10 11 (0.52%) VPN
10 11 (0.52%) Wireshark
11 10 (0.47%) NAS
11 10 (0.47%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (4.24%) SQL Server
2 86 (4.05%) NoSQL
3 84 (3.96%) Relational Database
4 59 (2.78%) Data Warehouse
5 56 (2.64%) MongoDB
6 43 (2.03%) Power BI
7 37 (1.74%) Big Data
7 37 (1.74%) MySQL
8 31 (1.46%) Hadoop
9 25 (1.18%) RDBMS
10 20 (0.94%) PostgreSQL
10 20 (0.94%) Spotfire
11 17 (0.80%) Oracle Database
12 15 (0.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 14 (0.66%) SAP BW
14 12 (0.57%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 11 (0.52%) Apache Cassandra
15 11 (0.52%) BusinessObjects
15 11 (0.52%) QlikView
16 10 (0.47%) HBase
Development Applications
1 161 (7.59%) Git (software)
2 151 (7.12%) JIRA
3 120 (5.66%) Jenkins
4 69 (3.25%) Cucumber
5 58 (2.73%) Maven
6 54 (2.55%) Selenium
7 45 (2.12%) JUnit
8 30 (1.41%) Gradle
9 28 (1.32%) NUnit
10 24 (1.13%) Mockito
11 23 (1.08%) SoapUI
12 22 (1.04%) Appium
12 22 (1.04%) Team Foundation Server
12 22 (1.04%) TeamCity
13 20 (0.94%) Bitbucket
13 20 (0.94%) HP UFT
14 18 (0.85%) SpecFlow
14 18 (0.85%) Visual Studio
15 17 (0.80%) Subversion
16 16 (0.75%) Xcode
General
1 546 (25.74%) Finance
2 158 (7.45%) Banking
3 84 (3.96%) Retail
4 83 (3.91%) Telecoms
5 75 (3.54%) Manufacturing
6 64 (3.02%) Front Office
7 62 (2.92%) Marketing
8 55 (2.59%) Games
9 46 (2.17%) Investment Banking
10 33 (1.56%) Legal
11 30 (1.41%) Pharmaceutical
12 27 (1.27%) Law
13 23 (1.08%) Publishing
14 16 (0.75%) French Language
15 15 (0.71%) Back Office
16 12 (0.57%) Retail Banking
17 11 (0.52%) Financial Institution
18 8 (0.38%) Billing
19 7 (0.33%) Advertising
19 7 (0.33%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 444 (20.93%) Developer
2 354 (16.69%) Analyst
3 175 (8.25%) Architect
4 135 (6.36%) Business Analyst
5 123 (5.80%) Project Manager
6 117 (5.52%) Java Developer
7 101 (4.76%) Scrum Master
8 99 (4.67%) Solutions Architect
9 90 (4.24%) Senior Developer
10 86 (4.05%) JavaScript Developer
11 69 (3.25%) Consultant
12 67 (3.16%) C# Developer
13 63 (2.97%) .NET Developer
14 56 (2.64%) Delivery Manager
14 56 (2.64%) Full Stack Developer
15 49 (2.31%) Digital Architect
16 46 (2.17%) DevOps Engineer
17 45 (2.12%) Agile Developer
18 44 (2.07%) Digital Solutions Architect
19 42 (1.98%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 182 (8.58%) HTML
2 162 (7.64%) AngularJS
3 159 (7.50%) RESTful
4 145 (6.84%) Web Services
5 140 (6.60%) CSS
6 137 (6.46%) .NET
7 122 (5.75%) HTML5
8 98 (4.62%) Node.js
9 92 (4.34%) React
10 78 (3.68%) CSS3
11 74 (3.49%) Spring
12 64 (3.02%) ASP.NET Web API
12 64 (3.02%) REST
13 63 (2.97%) ASP.NET
14 56 (2.64%) Velocity
14 56 (2.64%) XML
15 55 (2.59%) JSON
16 50 (2.36%) Gherkin
17 47 (2.22%) ASP.NET MVC
18 37 (1.74%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 281 (13.25%) Analytical Skills
2 123 (5.80%) Management Information System
3 109 (5.14%) User Experience
4 64 (3.02%) Computer Science
5 62 (2.92%) Mobile App
6 57 (2.69%) Blog
7 56 (2.64%) Virtual Team
8 35 (1.65%) Public Cloud
9 34 (1.60%) Greenfield Project
10 33 (1.56%) FMCG
11 25 (1.18%) Data Centre
12 20 (0.94%) CMDB
12 20 (0.94%) Enterprise Software
13 19 (0.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 15 (0.71%) IPTV
15 14 (0.66%) Chromecast
15 14 (0.66%) Derivative
15 14 (0.66%) Social Media
16 13 (0.61%) NHS
16 13 (0.61%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 140 (6.60%) Linux
2 134 (6.32%) Windows
3 95 (4.48%) Unix
4 32 (1.51%) Android
5 31 (1.46%) Windows Server
6 24 (1.13%) Windows 10
7 23 (1.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 21 (0.99%) CentOS
9 18 (0.85%) Windows 7
10 15 (0.71%) Apple iOS
11 11 (0.52%) Windows Server 2012
12 9 (0.42%) Ubuntu
13 7 (0.33%) Solaris
13 7 (0.33%) SUSE
14 5 (0.24%) AIX
14 5 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
15 4 (0.19%) Debian
16 3 (0.14%) Windows Phone
17 2 (0.094%) Mac OS
17 2 (0.094%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,029 (48.51%) Agile Software Development
2 460 (21.69%) Scrum
3 328 (15.46%) TDD
4 304 (14.33%) Project Management
5 237 (11.17%) Stakeholder Management
6 228 (10.75%) BDD
6 228 (10.75%) Coaching
7 224 (10.56%) Test Automation
8 219 (10.33%) User Stories
9 217 (10.23%) Continuous Integration
10 203 (9.57%) ITIL
11 194 (9.15%) Kanban
12 190 (8.96%) Mentoring
13 184 (8.68%) DevOps
14 167 (7.87%) Analytics
15 164 (7.73%) Acceptance Criteria
16 147 (6.93%) Service Delivery
17 141 (6.65%) Change Management
18 139 (6.55%) Software Engineering
19 130 (6.13%) Process Improvement
Programming Languages
1 290 (13.67%) Java
2 249 (11.74%) JavaScript
3 186 (8.77%) SQL
4 164 (7.73%) C#
5 112 (5.28%) Python
6 62 (2.92%) Ruby
7 49 (2.31%) Scala
8 43 (2.03%) C
8 43 (2.03%) Shell Script
9 41 (1.93%) ES6
10 38 (1.79%) Bash Shell
10 38 (1.79%) Groovy
11 37 (1.74%) C++
11 37 (1.74%) Perl
12 28 (1.32%) PowerShell
13 25 (1.18%) PHP
14 19 (0.90%) TypeScript
15 17 (0.80%) PL/SQL
15 17 (0.80%) R
15 17 (0.80%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 222 (10.47%) Degree
2 140 (6.60%) Security Cleared
3 92 (4.34%) SC Cleared
4 40 (1.89%) PMI Certification
5 38 (1.79%) ISEB
6 33 (1.56%) PMP
7 27 (1.27%) CISSP
8 24 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
8 24 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
8 24 (1.13%) ITIL Certification
9 22 (1.04%) DV Cleared
10 21 (0.99%) PhD
10 21 (0.99%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 20 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
12 19 (0.90%) Cisco Certification
13 18 (0.85%) CCNP
13 18 (0.85%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 16 (0.75%) CISM
15 15 (0.71%) ISTQB
15 15 (0.71%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 180 (8.49%) QA
2 77 (3.63%) PMO
3 65 (3.06%) SLA
4 42 (1.98%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 30 (1.41%) GDPR
6 29 (1.37%) Data Quality
7 20 (0.94%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 19 (0.90%) PCI DSS
9 17 (0.80%) ISO 9001
10 14 (0.66%) COBIT
11 13 (0.61%) Disclosure Scotland
12 6 (0.28%) GxP
12 6 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 6 (0.28%) NEBOSH
13 5 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 4 (0.19%) GCP
15 3 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials
15 3 (0.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 3 (0.14%) PSD2
16 2 (0.094%) ISO 31000
System Software
1 66 (3.11%) Active Directory
2 62 (2.92%) Docker
3 33 (1.56%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.52%) VMware ESXi
5 9 (0.42%) Microsoft App-V
6 8 (0.38%) Hyper-V
6 8 (0.38%) vSphere
7 6 (0.28%) Firmware
8 4 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 4 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
8 4 (0.19%) XenApp
9 3 (0.14%) HDFS
9 3 (0.14%) KVM
10 2 (0.094%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.047%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.047%) BitLocker
11 1 (0.047%) iptables
11 1 (0.047%) ISA Server
11 1 (0.047%) RACF
11 1 (0.047%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 54 (2.55%) Ansible
2 29 (1.37%) Puppet
3 27 (1.27%) Opscode Chef
4 24 (1.13%) SCCM
5 21 (0.99%) Kubernetes
6 19 (0.90%) Terraform
7 14 (0.66%) Grafana
8 13 (0.61%) Kibana
8 13 (0.61%) Rancher
9 12 (0.57%) HP Quality Center
10 11 (0.52%) logstash
11 10 (0.47%) Icinga
11 10 (0.47%) Nagios
12 7 (0.33%) Graphite
12 7 (0.33%) HAProxy
13 6 (0.28%) Forefront Identity Manager
13 6 (0.28%) Packer
13 6 (0.28%) WSUS
14 4 (0.19%) SCOM
14 4 (0.19%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 247 (11.65%) Microsoft
2 119 (5.61%) Oracle
3 110 (5.19%) SAP
4 56 (2.64%) IBM
5 53 (2.50%) Cisco
6 52 (2.45%) Salesforce.com
6 52 (2.45%) VMware
7 42 (1.98%) Tableau
8 37 (1.74%) ServiceNow
9 33 (1.56%) Splunk
10 32 (1.51%) Atlassian
11 27 (1.27%) Citrix
11 27 (1.27%) HP
11 27 (1.27%) Red Hat
12 23 (1.08%) Google
13 19 (0.90%) Remedy
14 16 (0.75%) CA
14 16 (0.75%) Huawei
14 16 (0.75%) Informatica
14 16 (0.75%) Xamarin