Period
to 27 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 27 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK
6 months to
27 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 95 101 125
Rank change year-on-year +6 +24 +3
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 1,632 2,505 2,119
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.41% 2.53% 2.09%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.83% 2.90% 2.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,020 1,472 1,436
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £291 £308 £313
90th Percentile £650 £625 £619
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 49 78 57
UK median hourly rate £26.00 £27.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.45% - -
10th Percentile £11.63 £12.50 £20.00
90th Percentile £40.75 £51.50 £55.78
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £30.00 £28.37
% change year-on-year -25.00% +5.76% +3.15%

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 57,665 86,503 87,773
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.11% 87.34% 86.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 37,175 57,175 58,542
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £282 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £437 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +2.78% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,912 2,257 2,141
UK median hourly rate £24.05 £24.08 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.12% +0.33% -2.04%
10th Percentile £12.44 £11.50 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.70 £50.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.32 £22.92 £24.00
% change year-on-year -6.96% -4.52% +0.21%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 27 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 27 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the UK over the 6 months to 27 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 1,423 £475 - 864
UK excluding London -7 938 £450 - 704
London +27 647 £525 +5.00% 221
South East -17 254 £425 -10.53% 161
North of England -2 205 £425 -5.56% 184
South West -13 124 £475 -7.32% 88
Scotland +17 123 £464 +12.42% 30
Midlands +17 107 £419 +1.52% 132
North West -8 94 £425 -5.56% 85
East of England -16 81 £438 -14.63% 77
West Midlands +8 60 £400 -5.88% 85
Yorkshire +2 59 £490 +10.11% 75
North East +7 54 £411 -7.06% 24
East Midlands +36 45 £450 +12.50% 47
Wales +17 41 £475 +11.76% 27
Northern Ireland +8 4 £563 +88.44% 6
Channel Islands -1 2 £450 -

For the 6 months to 27 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 791 (48.47%) Agile Software Development
2 372 (22.79%) Finance
3 272 (16.67%) Scrum
4 260 (15.93%) Problem-Solving
5 235 (14.40%) Microsoft
6 206 (12.62%) Analytical Skills
7 201 (12.32%) Java
8 200 (12.25%) DevOps
9 198 (12.13%) Azure
10 192 (11.76%) SQL
11 188 (11.52%) Security Cleared
12 187 (11.46%) TDD
13 184 (11.27%) JavaScript
14 172 (10.54%) Mentoring
14 172 (10.54%) Coaching
15 168 (10.29%) ITIL
15 168 (10.29%) Project Management
16 164 (10.05%) Stakeholder Management
16 164 (10.05%) Analytics
17 161 (9.87%) Test Automation
18 158 (9.68%) Degree
18 158 (9.68%) Windows
19 152 (9.31%) AWS
20 147 (9.01%) JIRA
21 146 (8.95%) SC Cleared
22 142 (8.70%) Continuous Integration
23 138 (8.46%) Project Delivery
24 134 (8.21%) HTML
25 132 (8.09%) Change Management
26 131 (8.03%) Public Sector

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (4.29%) Confluence
2 60 (3.68%) SharePoint
3 25 (1.53%) MS Exchange
4 22 (1.35%) Exchange Server 2013
4 22 (1.35%) WebLogic
5 21 (1.29%) Skype for Business
6 19 (1.16%) Exchange Server 2007
6 19 (1.16%) Tomcat
7 14 (0.86%) Apache Spark
7 14 (0.86%) CMS
8 12 (0.74%) Apache
9 11 (0.67%) Umbraco
10 10 (0.61%) IIS
10 10 (0.61%) JBoss
11 9 (0.55%) Elasticsearch
12 8 (0.49%) Apache Airflow
12 8 (0.49%) nginx
12 8 (0.49%) WebSphere
13 5 (0.31%) ArcGIS
13 5 (0.31%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 80 (4.90%) Microsoft Office
2 78 (4.78%) Microsoft Excel
3 33 (2.02%) Microsoft Project
4 22 (1.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 18 (1.10%) MS Visio
6 15 (0.92%) Sketch
7 5 (0.31%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.25%) Adobe After Effects
8 4 (0.25%) InVision
8 4 (0.25%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.12%) Adobe XD
9 2 (0.12%) Siemens NX
9 2 (0.12%) UserZoom
9 2 (0.12%) Zeplin
10 1 (0.061%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.061%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.061%) InfoPath
10 1 (0.061%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 17 (1.04%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.49%) Dynamics AX
3 4 (0.25%) BusinessWorks
3 4 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.18%) NetSuite
4 3 (0.18%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 2 (0.12%) Cognos TM1
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle CRM
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle Financials
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle Manufacturing
5 2 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.12%) SAP HCM
5 2 (0.12%) SAP HR
5 2 (0.12%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.12%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 198 (12.13%) Azure
2 152 (9.31%) AWS
3 76 (4.66%) Office 365
4 48 (2.94%) GCP
5 45 (2.76%) GitHub
6 38 (2.33%) Power Platform
7 32 (1.96%) PaaS
8 29 (1.78%) Google Analytics
9 22 (1.35%) IaaS
9 22 (1.35%) Serverless
10 16 (0.98%) AWS CloudFormation
10 16 (0.98%) Azure Active Directory
10 16 (0.98%) Data Lake Analytics
10 16 (0.98%) Dynamics 365
11 15 (0.92%) SaaS
12 11 (0.67%) OpenShift
13 9 (0.55%) Azure Data Factory
14 8 (0.49%) Azure Functions
14 8 (0.49%) SuccessFactors
14 8 (0.49%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 50 (3.06%) Firewall
2 36 (2.21%) TCP/IP
3 34 (2.08%) HTTP
4 29 (1.78%) DNS
5 26 (1.59%) Skype
5 26 (1.59%) SSL
6 22 (1.35%) VPN
7 18 (1.10%) SAN
8 16 (0.98%) Internet
9 14 (0.86%) DHCP
10 10 (0.61%) Network Security
11 9 (0.55%) LAN
11 9 (0.55%) RTMP
11 9 (0.55%) WAN
11 9 (0.55%) Wireless
12 7 (0.43%) 4G
12 7 (0.43%) Cisco ASA
12 7 (0.43%) Radio Access Network
12 7 (0.43%) Wireshark
13 6 (0.37%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (5.51%) SQL Server
2 66 (4.04%) Relational Database
3 54 (3.31%) Big Data
4 43 (2.63%) NoSQL
5 34 (2.08%) Power BI
6 31 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
7 29 (1.78%) MongoDB
8 25 (1.53%) Redis
9 24 (1.47%) Data Lake
10 23 (1.41%) MySQL
11 17 (1.04%) Oracle Database
12 16 (0.98%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 15 (0.92%) Hadoop
14 14 (0.86%) PostgreSQL
15 11 (0.67%) BigQuery
15 11 (0.67%) Oracle Database 12c
15 11 (0.67%) Parquet
16 10 (0.61%) Azure SQL Database
16 10 (0.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 9 (0.55%) Oracle Exadata
Development Applications
1 147 (9.01%) JIRA
2 118 (7.23%) Jenkins
3 116 (7.11%) Git (software)
4 72 (4.41%) Selenium
5 57 (3.49%) Cucumber
6 48 (2.94%) JUnit
7 31 (1.90%) TeamCity
8 28 (1.72%) Gatling
9 27 (1.65%) Maven
9 27 (1.65%) Visual Studio
10 26 (1.59%) Bitbucket
11 25 (1.53%) GitLab
12 21 (1.29%) Team Foundation Server
13 19 (1.16%) Jasmine
13 19 (1.16%) NUnit
14 18 (1.10%) Subversion
15 16 (0.98%) Artifactory
15 16 (0.98%) Visual Studio Team System
16 15 (0.92%) gulp
16 15 (0.92%) webpack
General
1 372 (22.79%) Finance
2 131 (8.03%) Public Sector
3 93 (5.70%) Banking
4 54 (3.31%) Telecoms
5 49 (3.00%) Retail
6 41 (2.51%) Front Office
6 41 (2.51%) Legal
7 37 (2.27%) Manufacturing
8 34 (2.08%) Marketing
9 28 (1.72%) Investment Banking
10 24 (1.47%) Pharmaceutical
11 22 (1.35%) Retail Banking
12 20 (1.23%) Games
13 18 (1.10%) Military
14 13 (0.80%) Corporate Banking
14 13 (0.80%) Law
15 12 (0.74%) Billing
15 12 (0.74%) Publishing
16 11 (0.67%) Financial Institution
17 10 (0.61%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 310 (19.00%) Developer
2 208 (12.75%) Analyst
3 88 (5.39%) Architect
4 83 (5.09%) Scrum Master
5 81 (4.96%) Project Manager
6 58 (3.55%) .NET Developer
6 58 (3.55%) Business Analyst
7 57 (3.49%) Delivery Manager
8 53 (3.25%) Senior Developer
9 52 (3.19%) Java Developer
10 46 (2.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 42 (2.57%) IT Manager
12 41 (2.51%) C# Developer
12 41 (2.51%) Consultant
12 41 (2.51%) Designer
13 40 (2.45%) Service Analyst
14 37 (2.27%) Change Manager
15 32 (1.96%) React Developer
16 30 (1.84%) Agile Coach
16 30 (1.84%) Agile Scrum Master
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 134 (8.21%) HTML
2 112 (6.86%) .NET
3 108 (6.62%) CSS
4 100 (6.13%) Web Services
5 70 (4.29%) Node.js
6 68 (4.17%) HTML5
7 66 (4.04%) AngularJS
7 66 (4.04%) XML
8 60 (3.68%) REST
9 54 (3.31%) React
10 48 (2.94%) Spring
11 44 (2.70%) JSON
11 44 (2.70%) Spring Boot
12 40 (2.45%) ASP.NET
13 38 (2.33%) SOAP
14 36 (2.21%) Sass
15 35 (2.14%) RESTful
16 33 (2.02%) .NET Framework
16 33 (2.02%) CSS3
17 31 (1.90%) Gherkin
Miscellaneous
1 206 (12.62%) Analytical Skills
2 106 (6.50%) User Experience
3 72 (4.41%) Management Information System
4 58 (3.55%) Self-Motivation
5 36 (2.21%) Public Cloud
6 31 (1.90%) Virtual Team
7 30 (1.84%) Data Centre
8 27 (1.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 26 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
10 19 (1.16%) FMCG
11 17 (1.04%) Data Structures
11 17 (1.04%) Mobile App
12 16 (0.98%) Replication
13 14 (0.86%) Private Cloud
14 12 (0.74%) Linux Command Line
14 12 (0.74%) Robotics
15 11 (0.67%) PKI
16 10 (0.61%) Blog
16 10 (0.61%) Greenfield Project
16 10 (0.61%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 158 (9.68%) Windows
2 91 (5.58%) Linux
3 46 (2.82%) Unix
4 43 (2.63%) Windows Server
5 40 (2.45%) Windows 10
6 31 (1.90%) Android
7 17 (1.04%) Apple iOS
8 16 (0.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 15 (0.92%) Windows 7
10 13 (0.80%) Ubuntu
11 12 (0.74%) Windows Server 2012
12 11 (0.67%) Solaris
13 9 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
14 7 (0.43%) CentOS
15 6 (0.37%) Mac OS
15 6 (0.37%) Oracle Linux
16 3 (0.18%) AIX
16 3 (0.18%) Windows Vista
17 2 (0.12%) Windows 8
18 1 (0.061%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 791 (48.47%) Agile Software Development
2 272 (16.67%) Scrum
3 260 (15.93%) Problem-Solving
4 200 (12.25%) DevOps
5 187 (11.46%) TDD
6 172 (10.54%) Coaching
6 172 (10.54%) Mentoring
7 168 (10.29%) ITIL
7 168 (10.29%) Project Management
8 164 (10.05%) Analytics
8 164 (10.05%) Stakeholder Management
9 161 (9.87%) Test Automation
10 142 (8.70%) Continuous Integration
11 138 (8.46%) Project Delivery
12 132 (8.09%) Change Management
13 117 (7.17%) Kanban
14 106 (6.50%) BDD
15 90 (5.51%) Decision-Making
16 84 (5.15%) Risk Management
17 82 (5.02%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 201 (12.32%) Java
2 192 (11.76%) SQL
3 184 (11.27%) JavaScript
4 117 (7.17%) C#
5 98 (6.00%) Python
6 50 (3.06%) Scala
7 45 (2.76%) PowerShell
8 44 (2.70%) C
9 33 (2.02%) TypeScript
10 20 (1.23%) T-SQL
11 17 (1.04%) C++
12 15 (0.92%) Groovy
13 14 (0.86%) PL/SQL
13 14 (0.86%) VBA
14 13 (0.80%) Kotlin
14 13 (0.80%) Ruby
15 12 (0.74%) Perl
16 10 (0.61%) Bash Shell
16 10 (0.61%) Java 8
17 8 (0.49%) Go
Qualifications
1 188 (11.52%) Security Cleared
2 158 (9.68%) Degree
3 146 (8.95%) SC Cleared
4 24 (1.47%) DV Cleared
5 21 (1.29%) CISSP
6 20 (1.23%) ISEB
7 17 (1.04%) PMI Certification
8 16 (0.98%) ITIL Certification
9 14 (0.86%) Cisco Certification
9 14 (0.86%) ISTQB
10 13 (0.80%) Computer Science Degree
10 13 (0.80%) PMP
11 12 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
11 12 (0.74%) Six Sigma Black Belt
12 10 (0.61%) CISA
12 10 (0.61%) CISM
12 10 (0.61%) SANS
13 9 (0.55%) CLAS
13 9 (0.55%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 8 (0.49%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 116 (7.11%) QA
2 37 (2.27%) GDPR
3 34 (2.08%) PMO
4 31 (1.90%) SLA
5 25 (1.53%) ISO/IEC 20000
5 25 (1.53%) WCAG
6 24 (1.47%) Data Quality
6 24 (1.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 12 (0.74%) COBIT
8 11 (0.67%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 10 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 7 (0.43%) ISO 9001
11 5 (0.31%) Cyber Essentials
12 4 (0.25%) NIST
12 4 (0.25%) PCI DSS
13 3 (0.18%) Actionable Recommendations
13 3 (0.18%) COSO
13 3 (0.18%) ISO 14001
13 3 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 3 (0.18%) NCSC
System Software
1 66 (4.04%) Active Directory
1 66 (4.04%) Docker
2 22 (1.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
4 9 (0.55%) Oracle RAC
5 8 (0.49%) vSphere
6 7 (0.43%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.37%) HDFS
8 4 (0.25%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.18%) Firmware
9 3 (0.18%) VMware Workstation
10 2 (0.12%) ISA Server
10 2 (0.12%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.12%) XenApp
11 1 (0.061%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.061%) Tivoli Directory Server
11 1 (0.061%) vCloud
11 1 (0.061%) Virtual Servers
11 1 (0.061%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 73 (4.47%) Kubernetes
2 56 (3.43%) Terraform
3 51 (3.13%) Ansible
4 40 (2.45%) SCCM
5 28 (1.72%) Grafana
6 25 (1.53%) Kibana
7 22 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
7 22 (1.35%) Puppet
8 9 (0.55%) Data Guard
8 9 (0.55%) Nessus
8 9 (0.55%) Oracle RMAN
9 7 (0.43%) SCOM
9 7 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
9 7 (0.43%) vRealize
10 6 (0.37%) AirWatch
10 6 (0.37%) Control-M
10 6 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
10 6 (0.37%) Microsoft Clustering
11 5 (0.31%) Prometheus
12 4 (0.25%) Rancher
Vendors
1 235 (14.40%) Microsoft
2 80 (4.90%) Oracle
3 70 (4.29%) Google
4 49 (3.00%) Citrix
5 47 (2.88%) SAP
6 34 (2.08%) IBM
7 30 (1.84%) Cisco
7 30 (1.84%) VMware
8 24 (1.47%) ServiceNow
9 22 (1.35%) Atlassian
10 20 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
11 18 (1.10%) HP
12 17 (1.04%) Red Hat
13 14 (0.86%) TIBCO
14 13 (0.80%) MuleSoft
14 13 (0.80%) Remedy
15 12 (0.74%) McAfee
16 11 (0.67%) F5
17 10 (0.61%) Adobe
18 9 (0.55%) CheckPoint