Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 113 115 133
Rank change year-on-year +2 +18 +49
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 2,362 2,139 2,069
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.31% 2.15% 1.95%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.68% 2.51% 2.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,432 1,456 1,380
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £313 £306 £256
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 51 36
UK median hourly rate £27.26 £27.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.89% - -
10th Percentile £15.74 £13.56 £14.30
90th Percentile £45.85 £39.75 £55.28
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.50 £27.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year -3.64% - -

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,236 85,185 90,398
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.22% 85.74% 85.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,207 56,461 59,666
UK median daily rate £451 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.11% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,391 2,040 2,460
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £24.93 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.75% +10.78% +3.59%
10th Percentile £11.18 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £48.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.12 £25.00 £23.00
% change year-on-year -19.51% +8.70% +4.55%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 2,103 £475 +3.26% 884
UK excluding London -2 1,402 £438 +2.94% 739
London +3 914 £520 +2.97% 231
South East -19 444 £458 +7.71% 165
North of England +4 282 £425 - 164
Midlands +14 208 £430 +3.18% 144
West Midlands +29 157 £430 -4.56% 94
Scotland +35 146 £425 +13.33% 42
North West +26 143 £440 +3.53% 83
East of England +6 135 £513 +10.81% 93
South West -33 117 £450 +12.50% 87
Yorkshire -17 98 £425 - 58
Wales +9 64 £360 -24.21% 35
East Midlands +10 50 £425 +4.94% 50
North East -5 43 £425 - 23
Northern Ireland +45 10 £362 -19.61% 9

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 1,313 (55.59%) Agile Software Development
2 556 (23.54%) Finance
3 490 (20.75%) Scrum
4 400 (16.93%) Problem-Solving
5 355 (15.03%) Test Automation
6 327 (13.84%) DevOps
7 314 (13.29%) Java
8 281 (11.90%) TDD
9 280 (11.85%) Continuous Integration
9 280 (11.85%) SQL
9 280 (11.85%) Coaching
10 277 (11.73%) JavaScript
11 264 (11.18%) Analytical Skills
12 262 (11.09%) Microsoft
12 262 (11.09%) Project Management
13 259 (10.97%) Git (software)
14 235 (9.95%) Stakeholder Management
15 230 (9.74%) Mentoring
16 226 (9.57%) QA
17 217 (9.19%) JIRA
17 217 (9.19%) Jenkins
18 216 (9.14%) Windows
19 213 (9.02%) Degree
20 210 (8.89%) Security Cleared
21 207 (8.76%) Kanban
22 197 (8.34%) .NET
23 195 (8.26%) C#
24 193 (8.17%) Web Services
25 192 (8.13%) User Stories
26 191 (8.09%) ITIL

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 107 (4.53%) Confluence
2 57 (2.41%) CMS
3 55 (2.33%) SharePoint
4 40 (1.69%) Tomcat
5 39 (1.65%) IIS
6 30 (1.27%) MS Exchange
7 24 (1.02%) Apache
8 23 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
9 21 (0.89%) nginx
10 19 (0.80%) JBoss
11 17 (0.72%) SAS
12 16 (0.68%) Apache Spark
12 16 (0.68%) Drupal
12 16 (0.68%) Umbraco
13 14 (0.59%) Exchange Server 2010
14 13 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
15 10 (0.42%) Skype for Business
16 9 (0.38%) Exchange Server 2013
16 9 (0.38%) Sitecore CMS
17 8 (0.34%) WebLogic
Applications
1 122 (5.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 93 (3.94%) Microsoft Office
3 48 (2.03%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 43 (1.82%) MS Visio
5 28 (1.19%) Microsoft Project
6 14 (0.59%) Spreadsheet
7 7 (0.30%) Maya
8 5 (0.21%) Adobe Captivate
9 4 (0.17%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.085%) CATIA
10 2 (0.085%) HipChat
10 2 (0.085%) InVision
10 2 (0.085%) OmniGraffle
11 1 (0.042%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 1 (0.042%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.042%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.042%) InDesign
11 1 (0.042%) Open Workbench
Business Applications
1 18 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.51%) Remedy ITSM
3 10 (0.42%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 9 (0.38%) Magento
5 8 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
6 7 (0.30%) CA PPM
6 7 (0.30%) SAP S/4HANA
7 6 (0.25%) Oracle Payroll
8 5 (0.21%) Maximo
8 5 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
8 5 (0.21%) SAP CO
8 5 (0.21%) SAP FI
8 5 (0.21%) SAP FI/CO
8 5 (0.21%) SAP MM
9 4 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
9 4 (0.17%) Oracle General Ledger
9 4 (0.17%) SAP GTS
10 3 (0.13%) SAP ERP
10 3 (0.13%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 173 (7.32%) Amazon AWS
2 167 (7.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 75 (3.18%) Office 365
4 56 (2.37%) GitHub
5 32 (1.35%) SaaS
6 31 (1.31%) Google Analytics
6 31 (1.31%) PaaS
7 22 (0.93%) Cloud Computing
7 22 (0.93%) IaaS
8 21 (0.89%) Serverless
9 17 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
9 17 (0.72%) AWS Lambda
10 16 (0.68%) Datadog
11 15 (0.64%) Amazon EC2
11 15 (0.64%) Google Cloud Platform
11 15 (0.64%) OpenShift
11 15 (0.64%) Slack
12 14 (0.59%) npm
13 13 (0.55%) Amazon SQS
13 13 (0.55%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 79 (3.34%) Firewall
2 61 (2.58%) Network Security
3 51 (2.16%) DNS
4 43 (1.82%) WAN
5 41 (1.74%) Internet
5 41 (1.74%) TCP/IP
6 37 (1.57%) HTTP
6 37 (1.57%) LAN
7 32 (1.35%) DHCP
8 30 (1.27%) SAN
8 30 (1.27%) VPN
9 27 (1.14%) SSL
10 19 (0.80%) VoIP
11 17 (0.72%) Cisco IOS
11 17 (0.72%) SMS
12 15 (0.64%) Skype
12 15 (0.64%) Wireless
13 13 (0.55%) Cisco ASA
14 12 (0.51%) Structured Cabling
14 12 (0.51%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 145 (6.14%) SQL Server
2 85 (3.60%) Relational Database
3 80 (3.39%) NoSQL
4 66 (2.79%) MySQL
5 62 (2.62%) MongoDB
6 44 (1.86%) Big Data
7 43 (1.82%) PostgreSQL
8 41 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
9 32 (1.35%) Power BI
10 20 (0.85%) Data Lake
10 20 (0.85%) Hadoop
11 19 (0.80%) Oracle Database
11 19 (0.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 18 (0.76%) Oracle Reports
12 18 (0.76%) SQL Server 2012
12 18 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 15 (0.64%) Amazon Redshift
13 15 (0.64%) BusinessObjects
13 15 (0.64%) RDBMS
13 15 (0.64%) Redis
Development Applications
1 259 (10.97%) Git (software)
2 217 (9.19%) Jenkins
2 217 (9.19%) JIRA
3 152 (6.44%) Selenium
4 95 (4.02%) Cucumber
5 83 (3.51%) TeamCity
6 66 (2.79%) gulp
7 59 (2.50%) SoapUI
8 53 (2.24%) Maven
9 48 (2.03%) Subversion
10 42 (1.78%) Karma Test Runner
11 40 (1.69%) JUnit
12 38 (1.61%) Grunt
13 35 (1.48%) Gradle
13 35 (1.48%) IntelliJ
13 35 (1.48%) Jasmine
14 34 (1.44%) Bitbucket
15 30 (1.27%) Visual Studio
16 29 (1.23%) Team Foundation Server
17 28 (1.19%) Ant
General
1 556 (23.54%) Finance
2 168 (7.11%) Banking
3 94 (3.98%) Telecoms
4 91 (3.85%) Retail
5 82 (3.47%) Marketing
6 54 (2.29%) Front Office
7 51 (2.16%) Manufacturing
8 46 (1.95%) Games
9 30 (1.27%) Legal
10 27 (1.14%) Investment Banking
11 25 (1.06%) Back Office
11 25 (1.06%) Electronics
12 22 (0.93%) Pharmaceutical
13 18 (0.76%) Financial Institution
14 17 (0.72%) Law
15 16 (0.68%) Publishing
16 10 (0.42%) Billing
17 9 (0.38%) Retail Banking
18 8 (0.34%) French Language
18 8 (0.34%) Military
Job Titles
1 453 (19.18%) Developer
2 344 (14.56%) Analyst
3 141 (5.97%) Scrum Master
4 138 (5.84%) Architect
5 121 (5.12%) Project Manager
6 113 (4.78%) Business Analyst
7 98 (4.15%) Java Developer
8 91 (3.85%) Consultant
9 72 (3.05%) DevOps Engineer
10 69 (2.92%) Solutions Architect
10 69 (2.92%) User Researcher
11 62 (2.62%) .NET Developer
12 60 (2.54%) Delivery Manager
13 54 (2.29%) Agile Coach
13 54 (2.29%) C# Developer
13 54 (2.29%) Test Analyst
14 49 (2.07%) Security Engineer
14 49 (2.07%) Service Manager
15 47 (1.99%) IT Manager
15 47 (1.99%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 197 (8.34%) .NET
2 193 (8.17%) Web Services
3 169 (7.15%) AngularJS
4 166 (7.03%) HTML
5 143 (6.05%) CSS
6 117 (4.95%) RESTful
7 111 (4.70%) React
8 98 (4.15%) REST
9 92 (3.90%) HTML5
10 88 (3.73%) Node.js
11 85 (3.60%) XML
12 79 (3.34%) Spring
13 73 (3.09%) JSON
14 66 (2.79%) jQuery
15 64 (2.71%) Gherkin
16 62 (2.62%) Sass
16 62 (2.62%) SOAP
17 58 (2.46%) .NET Framework
18 56 (2.37%) Velocity
19 55 (2.33%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 264 (11.18%) Analytical Skills
2 149 (6.31%) User Experience
3 105 (4.45%) Management Information System
4 85 (3.60%) Data Centre
5 71 (3.01%) Computer Science
6 58 (2.46%) Blog
7 56 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
7 56 (2.37%) Virtual Team
8 42 (1.78%) Public Cloud
9 40 (1.69%) Fixed Income
10 38 (1.61%) Greenfield Project
11 37 (1.57%) Mobile App
12 29 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
13 22 (0.93%) Robotics
14 21 (0.89%) Cyberthreat
14 21 (0.89%) Fintech
15 19 (0.80%) Blackberry
16 17 (0.72%) Clustering
17 14 (0.59%) Social Media
17 14 (0.59%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 216 (9.14%) Windows
2 182 (7.71%) Linux
3 93 (3.94%) Unix
4 65 (2.75%) Windows Server
5 40 (1.69%) Windows 10
6 37 (1.57%) Android
7 31 (1.31%) Apple iOS
8 30 (1.27%) Windows Server 2012
9 26 (1.10%) Ubuntu
9 26 (1.10%) Windows 7
10 21 (0.89%) Solaris
11 15 (0.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 15 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
12 14 (0.59%) Mac OS
13 11 (0.47%) CentOS
14 5 (0.21%) Mac OS X
15 3 (0.13%) Windows Server 2003
16 2 (0.085%) Oracle Linux
16 2 (0.085%) Windows 8
17 1 (0.042%) Data ONTAP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,313 (55.59%) Agile Software Development
2 490 (20.75%) Scrum
3 400 (16.93%) Problem-Solving
4 355 (15.03%) Test Automation
5 327 (13.84%) DevOps
6 281 (11.90%) TDD
7 280 (11.85%) Coaching
7 280 (11.85%) Continuous Integration
8 262 (11.09%) Project Management
9 235 (9.95%) Stakeholder Management
10 230 (9.74%) Mentoring
11 207 (8.76%) Kanban
12 192 (8.13%) User Stories
13 191 (8.09%) ITIL
14 186 (7.87%) Analytics
15 175 (7.41%) Software Engineering
16 167 (7.07%) BDD
17 159 (6.73%) Continuous Delivery
18 158 (6.69%) Decision-Making
19 154 (6.52%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 314 (13.29%) Java
2 280 (11.85%) SQL
3 277 (11.73%) JavaScript
4 195 (8.26%) C#
5 144 (6.10%) Python
6 92 (3.90%) Scala
7 80 (3.39%) Groovy
8 71 (3.01%) Ruby
9 57 (2.41%) PowerShell
10 55 (2.33%) Perl
11 54 (2.29%) Bash Shell
12 53 (2.24%) TypeScript
13 49 (2.07%) C
14 34 (1.44%) PHP
15 29 (1.23%) Shell Script
16 27 (1.14%) PL/SQL
17 26 (1.10%) T-SQL
18 23 (0.97%) ES6
19 22 (0.93%) C++
20 21 (0.89%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 213 (9.02%) Degree
2 210 (8.89%) Security Cleared
3 146 (6.18%) SC Cleared
4 39 (1.65%) DV Cleared
5 27 (1.14%) Cisco Certification
5 27 (1.14%) ISEB
6 25 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
6 25 (1.06%) Computer Science Degree
7 24 (1.02%) Six Sigma Black Belt
8 20 (0.85%) CISSP
8 20 (0.85%) Microsoft Certification
9 17 (0.72%) A+ Certification
9 17 (0.72%) PMI Certification
9 17 (0.72%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 16 (0.68%) ITIL Certification
10 16 (0.68%) PRINCE2 Certification
11 15 (0.64%) ISTQB
11 15 (0.64%) PMP
12 14 (0.59%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
13 13 (0.55%) Six Sigma Green Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 226 (9.57%) QA
2 89 (3.77%) SLA
3 53 (2.24%) PMO
4 42 (1.78%) GDPR
5 32 (1.35%) Data Quality
6 31 (1.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 22 (0.93%) PCI DSS
8 13 (0.55%) ISO 9001
9 12 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 11 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
11 8 (0.34%) COBIT
12 4 (0.17%) COSO
12 4 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 3 (0.13%) MiFID
13 3 (0.13%) WCAG
14 2 (0.085%) GxP
14 2 (0.085%) ISO 13485
14 2 (0.085%) ISO 22301
14 2 (0.085%) WAI
System Software
1 122 (5.17%) Docker
2 103 (4.36%) Active Directory
3 51 (2.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 23 (0.97%) Hyper-V
5 12 (0.51%) VMware Server
6 11 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
7 10 (0.42%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 10 (0.42%) vSphere
8 8 (0.34%) Firmware
9 7 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
10 6 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
11 5 (0.21%) XenApp
11 5 (0.21%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.085%) Microsoft App-V
12 2 (0.085%) Snort
12 2 (0.085%) Squid
13 1 (0.042%) DFS Replication
13 1 (0.042%) EMC RecoverPoint
13 1 (0.042%) Oracle RAC
13 1 (0.042%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 94 (3.98%) Kubernetes
2 91 (3.85%) Ansible
2 91 (3.85%) Puppet
3 42 (1.78%) Terraform
4 39 (1.65%) Grafana
5 36 (1.52%) Opscode Chef
6 34 (1.44%) Kibana
7 30 (1.27%) SCCM
8 22 (0.93%) Packer
9 21 (0.89%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
10 17 (0.72%) ITRS Geneos
10 17 (0.72%) Nagios
10 17 (0.72%) WSUS
11 14 (0.59%) Rancher
12 12 (0.51%) Backup Exec
12 12 (0.51%) Graphite
13 11 (0.47%) BladeLogic
14 9 (0.38%) HP ALM
14 9 (0.38%) Prometheus
15 8 (0.34%) logstash
Vendors
1 262 (11.09%) Microsoft
2 176 (7.45%) Oracle
3 98 (4.15%) SAP
4 78 (3.30%) VMware
5 69 (2.92%) Google
6 61 (2.58%) Cisco
7 47 (1.99%) Atlassian
8 39 (1.65%) Citrix
9 35 (1.48%) Apple
10 34 (1.44%) ServiceNow
11 29 (1.23%) IBM
12 26 (1.10%) Remedy
13 24 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
14 23 (0.97%) Adobe
14 23 (0.97%) CheckPoint
15 22 (0.93%) Splunk
16 20 (0.85%) McAfee
17 19 (0.80%) Red Hat
18 18 (0.76%) HP
18 18 (0.76%) New Relic