Period
to 21 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 21 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 104 110 117
Rank change year-on-year +6 +7 +17
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 1,892 2,478 2,219
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 2.27% 2.38% 2.15%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.65% 2.74% 2.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,139 1,488 1,506
UK median daily rate £475 £465 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.15% +0.54% +4.52%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £639 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 58 76 58
UK median hourly rate £26.25 £26.88 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.33% -2.26% -
10th Percentile £13.98 £12.50 £14.04
90th Percentile £49.14 £55.63 £39.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £27.50 £27.75
% change year-on-year -9.09% -0.90% +0.91%

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 71,510 90,455 88,870
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.95% 86.91% 86.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,824 59,878 59,072
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £294 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,277 2,338 2,136
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £22.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.82% -4.35% +2.22%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £49.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £21.00 £23.32
% change year-on-year +7.14% -9.95% +3.64%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Contractor daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 21 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 1,699 £475 - 814
UK excluding London -4 1,096 £450 +2.86% 668
London +8 757 £500 - 212
South East -14 324 £463 -2.63% 152
North of England +11 240 £450 +5.88% 170
South West -2 132 £475 - 95
Midlands -4 125 £475 +11.76% 120
Scotland +10 120 £450 +9.02% 43
East of England +11 117 £450 -12.83% 66
North West -10 104 £420 -6.67% 81
West Midlands +3 89 £475 +11.76% 82
Yorkshire +17 87 £475 +11.76% 75
North East +21 51 £425 - 14
Wales +1 34 £475 +31.94% 21
East Midlands +10 32 £400 -3.03% 38
Northern Ireland +1 6 £588 +62.40% 2
Channel Islands - 2 £450 -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 886 (46.83%) Agile Software Development
2 442 (23.36%) Finance
3 328 (17.34%) Scrum
4 265 (14.01%) Problem-Solving
5 242 (12.79%) Java
6 236 (12.47%) Analytical Skills
7 232 (12.26%) Coaching
8 225 (11.89%) Stakeholder Management
9 218 (11.52%) Test Automation
9 218 (11.52%) DevOps
10 215 (11.36%) Mentoring
11 212 (11.21%) SQL
12 210 (11.10%) Project Management
13 209 (11.05%) Microsoft
14 203 (10.73%) TDD
15 200 (10.57%) ITIL
16 195 (10.31%) Degree
16 195 (10.31%) Analytics
17 188 (9.94%) Azure
18 187 (9.88%) Continuous Integration
19 185 (9.78%) JavaScript
20 170 (8.99%) AWS
21 168 (8.88%) JIRA
22 159 (8.40%) Project Delivery
23 156 (8.25%) Security Cleared
24 151 (7.98%) Change Management
25 146 (7.72%) Windows
26 145 (7.66%) Kanban
27 144 (7.61%) C#
28 141 (7.45%) QA

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (4.33%) Confluence
2 62 (3.28%) SharePoint
3 35 (1.85%) Skype for Business
4 19 (1.00%) Apache Spark
5 18 (0.95%) CMS
5 18 (0.95%) MS Exchange
6 16 (0.85%) WebSphere
7 14 (0.74%) Exchange Server 2013
7 14 (0.74%) JBoss
7 14 (0.74%) Umbraco
8 13 (0.69%) Apache
8 13 (0.69%) Tomcat
9 12 (0.63%) Exchange Server 2007
10 10 (0.53%) IIS
10 10 (0.53%) WebLogic
11 9 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
12 6 (0.32%) Elasticsearch
12 6 (0.32%) Mule
12 6 (0.32%) nginx
12 6 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 97 (5.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 78 (4.12%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (1.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 29 (1.53%) Microsoft Project
5 23 (1.22%) MS Visio
6 9 (0.48%) Sketch
7 7 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.32%) InVision
9 4 (0.21%) Photoshop
9 4 (0.21%) Siemens NX
9 4 (0.21%) Zeplin
10 3 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
10 3 (0.16%) SPSS
10 3 (0.16%) UserZoom
11 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
12 1 (0.053%) FileZilla
12 1 (0.053%) InfoPath
12 1 (0.053%) OmniGraffle
12 1 (0.053%) UXPin
12 1 (0.053%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 15 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.53%) Teamcenter
3 9 (0.48%) BusinessWorks
4 5 (0.26%) SAP CO
4 5 (0.26%) SAP FI
4 5 (0.26%) SAP FI/CO
4 5 (0.26%) SAP HR
4 5 (0.26%) SAP S/4HANA
5 4 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.21%) NetSuite
5 4 (0.21%) SAP ERP
6 3 (0.16%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.16%) SAP PM
7 2 (0.11%) HFM
7 2 (0.11%) Hyperion Planning
7 2 (0.11%) Oracle CRM
7 2 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
7 2 (0.11%) Primavera
7 2 (0.11%) SAP PP
Cloud Services
1 188 (9.94%) Azure
2 170 (8.99%) AWS
3 96 (5.07%) Office 365
4 69 (3.65%) GitHub
5 35 (1.85%) Serverless
6 34 (1.80%) Power Platform
7 32 (1.69%) GCP
8 29 (1.53%) Google Analytics
9 23 (1.22%) PaaS
10 22 (1.16%) IaaS
11 21 (1.11%) Azure Active Directory
12 18 (0.95%) SaaS
13 16 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
14 14 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
15 13 (0.69%) Data Lake Analytics
16 12 (0.63%) Azure Functions
16 12 (0.63%) OpenShift
17 10 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
17 10 (0.53%) Dynamics 365
18 9 (0.48%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 54 (2.85%) Firewall
2 44 (2.33%) Internet
3 40 (2.11%) TCP/IP
4 38 (2.01%) HTTP
5 36 (1.90%) Skype
6 29 (1.53%) SSL
7 26 (1.37%) VPN
8 23 (1.22%) WAN
9 22 (1.16%) LAN
9 22 (1.16%) SAN
10 18 (0.95%) Wireless
11 17 (0.90%) DNS
12 13 (0.69%) Network Security
13 12 (0.63%) Unified Communications
14 11 (0.58%) BGP
14 11 (0.58%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
15 10 (0.53%) 4G
15 10 (0.53%) DHCP
15 10 (0.53%) Intranet
15 10 (0.53%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (4.65%) SQL Server
2 80 (4.23%) Relational Database
3 60 (3.17%) Big Data
4 46 (2.43%) MySQL
5 32 (1.69%) Power BI
6 30 (1.59%) NoSQL
7 29 (1.53%) Data Warehouse
8 26 (1.37%) Amazon Redshift
9 25 (1.32%) Redis
10 24 (1.27%) Hadoop
10 24 (1.27%) MongoDB
11 22 (1.16%) Data Lake
12 21 (1.11%) Oracle Database
13 16 (0.85%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 14 (0.74%) PostgreSQL
15 12 (0.63%) Azure SQL Database
16 10 (0.53%) Apache Hive
16 10 (0.53%) Parquet
17 9 (0.48%) BusinessObjects
17 9 (0.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 168 (8.88%) JIRA
2 139 (7.35%) Git (software)
3 137 (7.24%) Jenkins
4 85 (4.49%) Selenium
5 74 (3.91%) Cucumber
6 62 (3.28%) JUnit
7 42 (2.22%) TeamCity
8 27 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
9 26 (1.37%) Gatling
10 24 (1.27%) Maven
10 24 (1.27%) Visual Studio Team System
11 23 (1.22%) Visual Studio
12 22 (1.16%) gulp
12 22 (1.16%) Jasmine
13 20 (1.06%) Bitbucket
14 17 (0.90%) webpack
15 16 (0.85%) SpecFlow
16 15 (0.79%) Octopus Deploy
17 14 (0.74%) Gradle
18 13 (0.69%) SoapUI
General
1 442 (23.36%) Finance
2 108 (5.71%) Banking
3 106 (5.60%) Public Sector
4 98 (5.18%) Telecoms
5 72 (3.81%) Retail
6 53 (2.80%) Legal
7 43 (2.27%) Front Office
7 43 (2.27%) Marketing
8 42 (2.22%) Manufacturing
9 34 (1.80%) Games
10 30 (1.59%) Pharmaceutical
11 17 (0.90%) Financial Institution
12 16 (0.85%) Publishing
13 15 (0.79%) Investment Banking
13 15 (0.79%) Retail Banking
14 14 (0.74%) Billing
15 13 (0.69%) Law
16 11 (0.58%) Back Office
17 10 (0.53%) Electronics
18 9 (0.48%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 332 (17.55%) Developer
2 254 (13.42%) Analyst
3 96 (5.07%) Project Manager
4 91 (4.81%) Scrum Master
5 78 (4.12%) Architect
6 72 (3.81%) Java Developer
7 69 (3.65%) Business Analyst
8 68 (3.59%) Senior Developer
9 53 (2.80%) Consultant
10 49 (2.59%) Agile Coach
10 49 (2.59%) C# Developer
11 47 (2.48%) Delivery Manager
11 47 (2.48%) IT Manager
12 45 (2.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 42 (2.22%) Change Manager
14 41 (2.17%) Designer
15 38 (2.01%) .NET Developer
16 34 (1.80%) Software Engineer
17 31 (1.64%) Senior Java Developer
18 30 (1.59%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 136 (7.19%) CSS
2 127 (6.71%) HTML
3 120 (6.34%) .NET
4 98 (5.18%) Web Services
5 79 (4.18%) Node.js
6 69 (3.65%) XML
7 68 (3.59%) AngularJS
7 68 (3.59%) HTML5
8 63 (3.33%) Spring
9 57 (3.01%) JSON
9 57 (3.01%) RESTful
10 54 (2.85%) REST
11 49 (2.59%) Gherkin
11 49 (2.59%) Spring Boot
12 45 (2.38%) ASP.NET
12 45 (2.38%) React
13 43 (2.27%) CSS3
14 41 (2.17%) SOAP
15 40 (2.11%) ASP.NET Web API
16 39 (2.06%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 236 (12.47%) Analytical Skills
2 105 (5.55%) User Experience
3 101 (5.34%) Management Information System
4 65 (3.44%) Self-Motivation
5 45 (2.38%) Data Centre
6 39 (2.06%) Public Cloud
7 26 (1.37%) Virtual Team
8 25 (1.32%) Data Structures
9 23 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
10 19 (1.00%) Mobile App
11 18 (0.95%) Equities
11 18 (0.95%) Fixed Income
11 18 (0.95%) PMI
12 16 (0.85%) Algorithms
12 16 (0.85%) FMCG
13 15 (0.79%) Cloud Native
14 14 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 13 (0.69%) Cyberthreat
15 13 (0.69%) Linux Command Line
15 13 (0.69%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 146 (7.72%) Windows
2 117 (6.18%) Linux
3 57 (3.01%) Unix
4 45 (2.38%) Windows 10
5 32 (1.69%) Windows Server
6 21 (1.11%) Android
7 17 (0.90%) CentOS
7 17 (0.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 13 (0.69%) Windows 7
9 11 (0.58%) Apple iOS
9 11 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
10 9 (0.48%) AIX
11 8 (0.42%) Ubuntu
11 8 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
12 5 (0.26%) VMS
13 4 (0.21%) Windows Vista
14 3 (0.16%) Solaris
15 2 (0.11%) Mac OS
15 2 (0.11%) Windows 2000 Server
16 1 (0.053%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 886 (46.83%) Agile Software Development
2 328 (17.34%) Scrum
3 265 (14.01%) Problem-Solving
4 232 (12.26%) Coaching
5 225 (11.89%) Stakeholder Management
6 218 (11.52%) DevOps
6 218 (11.52%) Test Automation
7 215 (11.36%) Mentoring
8 210 (11.10%) Project Management
9 203 (10.73%) TDD
10 200 (10.57%) ITIL
11 195 (10.31%) Analytics
12 187 (9.88%) Continuous Integration
13 159 (8.40%) Project Delivery
14 151 (7.98%) Change Management
15 145 (7.66%) Kanban
16 119 (6.29%) BDD
17 117 (6.18%) Software Engineering
18 104 (5.50%) Service Management
19 103 (5.44%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 242 (12.79%) Java
2 212 (11.21%) SQL
3 185 (9.78%) JavaScript
4 144 (7.61%) C#
5 103 (5.44%) Python
6 72 (3.81%) Scala
7 49 (2.59%) C
8 40 (2.11%) TypeScript
9 36 (1.90%) PowerShell
10 25 (1.32%) Groovy
11 23 (1.22%) Java 8
12 21 (1.11%) C++
12 21 (1.11%) Ruby
13 19 (1.00%) VBA
14 18 (0.95%) PL/SQL
15 16 (0.85%) Bash Shell
16 15 (0.79%) Perl
16 15 (0.79%) T-SQL
17 14 (0.74%) Kotlin
18 13 (0.69%) Go
Qualifications
1 195 (10.31%) Degree
2 156 (8.25%) Security Cleared
3 110 (5.81%) SC Cleared
4 39 (2.06%) CISSP
5 27 (1.43%) CISA
5 27 (1.43%) CISM
6 24 (1.27%) BPSS Clearance
7 22 (1.16%) DV Cleared
8 21 (1.11%) PMI Certification
9 19 (1.00%) ISEB
10 18 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
10 18 (0.95%) Computer Science Degree
11 16 (0.85%) ITIL Certification
11 16 (0.85%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 13 (0.69%) CCNP
12 13 (0.69%) Microsoft Certification
13 12 (0.63%) ISTQB
14 11 (0.58%) SANS
15 10 (0.53%) Master's Degree
16 9 (0.48%) CRISC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 141 (7.45%) QA
2 51 (2.70%) SLA
3 49 (2.59%) PMO
4 31 (1.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 30 (1.59%) GDPR
6 26 (1.37%) WCAG
7 22 (1.16%) Data Quality
8 20 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 10 (0.53%) ISO 9001
10 9 (0.48%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 9 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 7 (0.37%) COBIT
11 7 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
12 6 (0.32%) ISO 22301
12 6 (0.32%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 5 (0.26%) PCI DSS
14 4 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
15 3 (0.16%) COSHH
15 3 (0.16%) COSO
15 3 (0.16%) NEBOSH
System Software
1 85 (4.49%) Active Directory
2 82 (4.33%) Docker
3 26 (1.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (0.69%) Virtual Machines
5 7 (0.37%) Firmware
5 7 (0.37%) Hyper-V
6 6 (0.32%) HDFS
7 5 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
7 5 (0.26%) vSphere
8 4 (0.21%) ProxySG
8 4 (0.21%) XenApp
9 3 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
9 3 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
9 3 (0.16%) VMware Server
10 2 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.11%) vCloud
10 2 (0.11%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.11%) XenDesktop
11 1 (0.053%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 1 (0.053%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 80 (4.23%) Kubernetes
2 60 (3.17%) Terraform
3 44 (2.33%) SCCM
4 43 (2.27%) Ansible
5 33 (1.74%) Puppet
6 29 (1.53%) Grafana
7 28 (1.48%) Kibana
7 28 (1.48%) Opscode Chef
8 12 (0.63%) Prometheus
9 9 (0.48%) AirWatch
9 9 (0.48%) Control-M
10 8 (0.42%) Nessus
10 8 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
11 7 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
11 7 (0.37%) Microsoft Intune
11 7 (0.37%) Packer
11 7 (0.37%) SCOM
12 6 (0.32%) FortiGate
12 6 (0.32%) Microsoft Clustering
12 6 (0.32%) WSUS
Vendors
1 209 (11.05%) Microsoft
2 86 (4.55%) Oracle
3 85 (4.49%) SAP
4 65 (3.44%) Google
5 44 (2.33%) Cisco
6 40 (2.11%) Citrix
7 37 (1.96%) VMware
8 36 (1.90%) ServiceNow
9 28 (1.48%) IBM
9 28 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
10 22 (1.16%) Atlassian
11 21 (1.11%) Greenplum
12 19 (1.00%) Remedy
13 18 (0.95%) Red Hat
14 17 (0.90%) Juniper
15 15 (0.79%) F5
15 15 (0.79%) McAfee
16 14 (0.74%) Adobe
16 14 (0.74%) HP
17 13 (0.69%) BMC