Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 75 98 105
Rank change year-on-year +23 +7 +3
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 2,684 973 1,715
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.09% 2.33% 2.36%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.47% 2.67% 2.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,816 675 1,096
10th Percentile £360 £281 £292
25th Percentile £450 £388 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £540 £475 £465
Median % change year-on-year +13.68% +2.15% -0.53%
75th Percentile £650 £574 £575
90th Percentile £738 £650 £641
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +11.11% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 70 30 53
10th Percentile £13.00 £15.47 £11.63
25th Percentile £26.75 £18.75 £15.07
Median hourly rate £44.50 £25.00 £25.00
Median % change year-on-year +78.00% - -5.66%
75th Percentile £49.44 £29.94 £36.70
90th Percentile £62.15 £58.00 £43.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.69 £25.25 £24.65
% change year-on-year +37.38% +2.43% -10.36%

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77,391 36,395 62,771
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 89.19% 87.20% 86.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 54,346 24,863 42,009
10th Percentile £325 £300 £281
25th Percentile £425 £375 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% - -
75th Percentile £625 £575 £575
90th Percentile £713 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £430
% change year-on-year +11.76% -1.16% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,612 1,177 1,917
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.00 £12.00
25th Percentile £15.25 £16.00 £15.00
Median hourly rate £25.52 £27.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -7.22% +30.95% -3.49%
75th Percentile £49.25 £47.50 £45.00
90th Percentile £63.98 £60.00 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £24.40 £19.71
% change year-on-year -13.93% +23.80% -6.13%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +46 2,207 £550 +15.79% 923
London +77 1,278 £600 +20.00% 290
UK excluding London +3 1,004 £500 +11.11% 713
Work from Home +19 630 £525 +10.53% 128
North of England +7 252 £500 +11.11% 201
South East -13 204 £525 +7.58% 152
Midlands +31 172 £475 +5.56% 138
Scotland 0 170 £463 +15.63% 63
North West +1 124 £463 -0.54% 104
West Midlands +28 117 £475 +5.56% 85
Yorkshire +8 111 £538 +19.44% 69
South West -16 102 £500 -9.09% 68
East of England +4 75 £486 +43.44% 62
East Midlands -2 55 £495 +14.45% 51
Wales -27 30 £452 -9.60% 27
North East +2 22 £480 +12.94% 28
Northern Ireland -2 4 £525 - 4

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 1,504 (56.04%) Agile Software Development
2 822 (30.63%) Social Skills
3 689 (25.67%) Finance
4 531 (19.78%) Scrum
5 483 (18.00%) Problem-Solving
6 476 (17.73%) DevOps
7 385 (14.34%) Project Management
8 363 (13.52%) Azure
9 333 (12.41%) Public Sector
10 321 (11.96%) Coaching
11 317 (11.81%) Project Delivery
12 313 (11.66%) CI/CD
13 309 (11.51%) SQL
14 302 (11.25%) Stakeholder Management
15 294 (10.95%) Microsoft
16 288 (10.73%) Analytical Skills
17 275 (10.25%) JIRA
18 270 (10.06%) AWS
19 261 (9.72%) Change Management
20 259 (9.65%) Test Automation
21 252 (9.39%) Continuous Integration
22 250 (9.31%) Security Cleared
23 249 (9.28%) TDD
24 240 (8.94%) Java
25 225 (8.38%) Degree
26 222 (8.27%) JavaScript
27 221 (8.23%) Mentoring
28 212 (7.90%) Banking
29 210 (7.82%) C#
30 202 (7.53%) Microservices

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 126 (4.69%) Confluence
2 71 (2.65%) SharePoint
3 30 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
4 26 (0.97%) CMS
5 23 (0.86%) Apache Spark
6 22 (0.82%) BizTalk Server
6 22 (0.82%) Tomcat
7 14 (0.52%) Apache
8 11 (0.41%) GemFire
9 10 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
9 10 (0.37%) WebLogic
10 7 (0.26%) IBM Domino
10 7 (0.26%) IIS
10 7 (0.26%) nginx
10 7 (0.26%) SAS
11 6 (0.22%) Camunda
11 6 (0.22%) WebSphere
12 5 (0.19%) Apache Airflow
13 4 (0.15%) Jupyter
13 4 (0.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 91 (3.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 74 (2.76%) Microsoft Office
3 63 (2.35%) Microsoft Project
4 42 (1.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 33 (1.23%) MS Visio
6 14 (0.52%) Chatbot
7 5 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
8 3 (0.11%) Sketch
9 1 (0.037%) InVision
9 1 (0.037%) Open Workbench
9 1 (0.037%) Oracle Smart View
9 1 (0.037%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.037%) ProjectWise
9 1 (0.037%) Simulink
9 1 (0.037%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 13 (0.48%) SAP S/4HANA
2 11 (0.41%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.22%) SAP MDG
4 5 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.19%) SAP HCM
4 5 (0.19%) SAP HR
5 4 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
5 4 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 3 (0.11%) Cloudability
6 3 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.11%) Oracle Financials
6 3 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 3 (0.11%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
6 3 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.11%) SAP IS-U
6 3 (0.11%) Sentinel
7 2 (0.075%) Oracle General Ledger
7 2 (0.075%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.075%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 363 (13.52%) Azure
2 270 (10.06%) AWS
3 104 (3.87%) Microsoft 365
4 92 (3.43%) GCP
5 86 (3.20%) Power Platform
6 57 (2.12%) Serverless
7 50 (1.86%) SaaS
8 45 (1.68%) PaaS
9 42 (1.56%) GitHub
10 34 (1.27%) OpenShift
11 33 (1.23%) Azure Functions
12 30 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
13 27 (1.01%) npm
14 25 (0.93%) Azure Cosmos DB
14 25 (0.93%) IaaS
14 25 (0.93%) Yarn
15 24 (0.89%) Azure Logic Apps
16 22 (0.82%) Azure Storage
17 20 (0.75%) AWS CloudFormation
18 19 (0.71%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 67 (2.50%) Firewall
2 36 (1.34%) RTMP
3 35 (1.30%) LAN
4 33 (1.23%) DNS
5 23 (0.86%) WAN
6 20 (0.75%) TCP/IP
7 19 (0.71%) DHCP
8 18 (0.67%) Internet
9 17 (0.63%) Network Security
10 16 (0.60%) HTTP
10 16 (0.60%) Radio Access Network
10 16 (0.60%) SAN
11 10 (0.37%) 3GPP
11 10 (0.37%) SD-WAN
11 10 (0.37%) VPN
11 10 (0.37%) Wireless
12 9 (0.34%) Intranet
13 8 (0.30%) 5G
13 8 (0.30%) LTE
13 8 (0.30%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 126 (4.69%) SQL Server
2 125 (4.66%) Relational Database
3 88 (3.28%) NoSQL
4 75 (2.79%) Power BI
5 70 (2.61%) MongoDB
6 50 (1.86%) Big Data
7 47 (1.75%) Data Warehouse
8 36 (1.34%) Hadoop
8 36 (1.34%) Tableau
9 29 (1.08%) Azure SQL Database
10 28 (1.04%) Apache Hive
11 25 (0.93%) PostgreSQL
12 24 (0.89%) Apache Cassandra
12 24 (0.89%) Oracle Database
13 22 (0.82%) RDBMS
13 22 (0.82%) Redis
14 21 (0.78%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 20 (0.75%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 17 (0.63%) Metadata
17 16 (0.60%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 275 (10.25%) JIRA
2 184 (6.86%) Jenkins
3 153 (5.70%) Git (software)
4 85 (3.17%) Selenium
5 61 (2.27%) Cucumber
6 54 (2.01%) Bitbucket
7 52 (1.94%) TeamCity
8 51 (1.90%) Sonatype Nexus
9 42 (1.56%) Artifactory
10 35 (1.30%) GitLab
11 34 (1.27%) Maven
12 33 (1.23%) Gatling
13 29 (1.08%) Mocha
14 28 (1.04%) JMeter
14 28 (1.04%) JUnit
14 28 (1.04%) Visual Studio
15 27 (1.01%) webpack
16 26 (0.97%) Subversion
17 23 (0.86%) rollup.js
18 21 (0.78%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 822 (30.63%) Social Skills
2 689 (25.67%) Finance
3 333 (12.41%) Public Sector
4 288 (10.73%) Analytical Skills
5 212 (7.90%) Banking
6 137 (5.10%) Influencing Skills
7 116 (4.32%) Presentation Skills
8 113 (4.21%) Retail
9 111 (4.14%) Front Office
10 95 (3.54%) Telecoms
11 84 (3.13%) Marketing
12 81 (3.02%) Investment Banking
13 78 (2.91%) Legal
14 53 (1.97%) Organisational Skills
15 43 (1.60%) Local Government
16 33 (1.23%) Games
16 33 (1.23%) Manufacturing
17 22 (0.82%) Publishing
18 21 (0.78%) Law
19 20 (0.75%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 470 (17.51%) Developer
2 288 (10.73%) Analyst
3 182 (6.78%) Project Manager
4 159 (5.92%) Delivery Manager
5 127 (4.73%) Architect
5 127 (4.73%) Scrum Master
6 109 (4.06%) Consultant
7 93 (3.46%) Business Analyst
8 87 (3.24%) DevOps Engineer
9 78 (2.91%) Service Manager
10 76 (2.83%) C# Developer
10 76 (2.83%) Java Developer
11 69 (2.57%) Solutions Architect
12 62 (2.31%) Senior Developer
13 59 (2.20%) Full Stack Developer
13 59 (2.20%) Software Engineer
14 57 (2.12%) React Developer
15 53 (1.97%) IT Manager
16 52 (1.94%) Senior Manager
17 51 (1.90%) Agile Coach
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 172 (6.41%) .NET
2 149 (5.55%) React
3 147 (5.48%) CSS
4 138 (5.14%) HTML
5 120 (4.47%) RESTful
6 117 (4.36%) AngularJS
6 117 (4.36%) REST
7 80 (2.98%) Web Services
8 78 (2.91%) Kafka
9 76 (2.83%) Node.js
10 68 (2.53%) Reactive Extensions
11 61 (2.27%) Spring
12 56 (2.09%) Elastic Stack
13 53 (1.97%) JSON
13 53 (1.97%) Spring Boot
14 50 (1.86%) Redux
15 47 (1.75%) .NET Core
16 46 (1.71%) WPF
17 42 (1.56%) Play Framework
18 40 (1.49%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 188 (7.00%) User Experience
2 110 (4.10%) Self-Motivation
3 109 (4.06%) Management Information System
4 64 (2.38%) Data Protection Act
4 64 (2.38%) Mobile App
5 53 (1.97%) Public Cloud
6 50 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
6 50 (1.86%) Legacy Systems
7 49 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 47 (1.75%) Cloud Native
9 42 (1.56%) Virtual Team
10 34 (1.27%) Data Centre
11 33 (1.23%) NHS
12 31 (1.15%) Algorithms
13 28 (1.04%) Data Structures
14 26 (0.97%) Kinect
15 24 (0.89%) CMDB
16 23 (0.86%) Client/Server
17 18 (0.67%) Equities
17 18 (0.67%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 183 (6.82%) Linux
2 172 (6.41%) Windows
3 91 (3.39%) Unix
4 48 (1.79%) Apple iOS
5 39 (1.45%) Android
6 25 (0.93%) Windows Server
7 23 (0.86%) Windows 10
8 16 (0.60%) Mac OS
9 15 (0.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 10 (0.37%) Windows 7
11 8 (0.30%) Solaris
12 6 (0.22%) Ubuntu
13 5 (0.19%) Mac OS X
13 5 (0.19%) VMS
14 4 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
14 4 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
14 4 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
15 3 (0.11%) CentOS
15 3 (0.11%) Windows Server 2019
16 2 (0.075%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,504 (56.04%) Agile Software Development
2 531 (19.78%) Scrum
3 483 (18.00%) Problem-Solving
4 476 (17.73%) DevOps
5 385 (14.34%) Project Management
6 321 (11.96%) Coaching
7 317 (11.81%) Project Delivery
8 313 (11.66%) CI/CD
9 302 (11.25%) Stakeholder Management
10 261 (9.72%) Change Management
11 259 (9.65%) Test Automation
12 252 (9.39%) Continuous Integration
13 249 (9.28%) TDD
14 221 (8.23%) Mentoring
15 202 (7.53%) Microservices
16 196 (7.30%) Software Engineering
17 195 (7.27%) Decision-Making
18 190 (7.08%) ITIL
19 188 (7.00%) SDLC
20 185 (6.89%) Service Delivery
Programming Languages
1 309 (11.51%) SQL
2 240 (8.94%) Java
3 222 (8.27%) JavaScript
4 210 (7.82%) C#
5 186 (6.93%) Python
6 125 (4.66%) TypeScript
7 86 (3.20%) Scala
8 61 (2.27%) PL/SQL
9 59 (2.20%) Groovy
10 45 (1.68%) PowerShell
11 40 (1.49%) T-SQL
12 39 (1.45%) Bash
13 33 (1.23%) C
13 33 (1.23%) C++
14 29 (1.08%) Java 8
14 29 (1.08%) XAML
15 28 (1.04%) Go
16 27 (1.01%) ES6
17 22 (0.82%) Apple Swift
18 19 (0.71%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 250 (9.31%) Security Cleared
2 225 (8.38%) Degree
3 196 (7.30%) SC Cleared
4 61 (2.27%) BPSS Clearance
5 56 (2.09%) PMI Certification
6 52 (1.94%) PMP
7 42 (1.56%) APMP
8 38 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
9 33 (1.23%) Master's Degree
10 29 (1.08%) CISSP
11 27 (1.01%) CISM
11 27 (1.01%) ISTQB
12 24 (0.89%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 23 (0.86%) CISA
13 23 (0.86%) ITIL Certification
14 22 (0.82%) CRISC
15 21 (0.78%) AWS Certification
16 20 (0.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 19 (0.71%) DV Cleared
18 18 (0.67%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 201 (7.49%) QA
2 130 (4.84%) PMO
3 90 (3.35%) SLA
4 72 (2.68%) Accessibility
5 61 (2.27%) GDPR
6 51 (1.90%) Data Quality
7 43 (1.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 35 (1.30%) GRC
9 22 (0.82%) Disclosure Scotland
10 12 (0.45%) COBIT
11 11 (0.41%) PCI DSS
12 9 (0.34%) Cyber Essentials
12 9 (0.34%) NIST
13 8 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 7 (0.26%) ISO 22301
14 7 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 6 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 5 (0.19%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 4 (0.15%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
17 4 (0.15%) WCAG
System Software
1 168 (6.26%) Docker
2 62 (2.31%) Active Directory
3 38 (1.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 21 (0.78%) vSphere
5 19 (0.71%) HDFS
6 17 (0.63%) VMware ESXi
7 15 (0.56%) Virtual Desktop
8 7 (0.26%) Hyper-V
9 6 (0.22%) BitLocker
9 6 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
10 5 (0.19%) Firmware
11 4 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
11 4 (0.15%) XenApp
12 3 (0.11%) Microsoft App-V
12 3 (0.11%) Squid
13 2 (0.075%) Ceph
14 1 (0.037%) IAG
14 1 (0.037%) LXC
14 1 (0.037%) Slurm Workload Manager
14 1 (0.037%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 181 (6.74%) Kubernetes
2 110 (4.10%) Ansible
3 98 (3.65%) Terraform
4 30 (1.12%) ITRS Geneos
5 25 (0.93%) Kibana
6 24 (0.89%) Prometheus
7 23 (0.86%) BladeLogic
8 20 (0.75%) logstash
9 19 (0.71%) Grafana
9 19 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
9 19 (0.71%) SCCM
10 15 (0.56%) Microsoft Intune
11 14 (0.52%) Istio
12 12 (0.45%) RSA Archer
13 11 (0.41%) Graphite
13 11 (0.41%) HP Fortify
13 11 (0.41%) Oracle RMAN
14 10 (0.37%) Puppet
14 10 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
15 7 (0.26%) Rancher
Vendors
1 294 (10.95%) Microsoft
2 177 (6.59%) Oracle
3 94 (3.50%) SAP
4 73 (2.72%) ServiceNow
5 65 (2.42%) VMware
6 59 (2.20%) Splunk
7 57 (2.12%) Google
8 49 (1.83%) Salesforce.com
9 32 (1.19%) Cisco
10 30 (1.12%) Red Hat
11 26 (0.97%) Ab Initio
11 26 (0.97%) Cadence
12 24 (0.89%) CyberArk
12 24 (0.89%) MuleSoft
13 23 (0.86%) Citrix
14 18 (0.67%) Atlassian
15 17 (0.63%) SolarWinds
16 13 (0.48%) CA
16 13 (0.48%) MapR
16 13 (0.48%) Qualys