Period
to 5 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Continuous Improvement skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 5 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Continual Improvement
UK
6 months to
5 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 89 97 94
Rank change year-on-year +8 -3 +26
Contract jobs citing Continuous Improvement 1,462 1,262 2,420
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 2.62% 2.36% 2.60%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.00% 2.77% 2.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 984 825 1,448
10th Percentile £315 £300 £307
25th Percentile £400 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £489 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.89% - +1.60%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £540
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 37 60
10th Percentile £14.50 £11.63 £13.72
25th Percentile £18.96 £19.18 £18.16
Median hourly rate £27.50 £23.36 £35.00
Median % change year-on-year +17.75% -33.27% +26.13%
75th Percentile £47.88 £35.75 £48.75
90th Percentile £60.72 £50.85 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.50 £23.08 £35.00
% change year-on-year +19.18% -34.07% +22.81%

Continuous Improvement is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 48,653 45,593 81,610
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 87.10% 85.30% 87.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,345 30,252 54,851
10th Percentile £310 £288 £300
25th Percentile £400 £380 £380
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £450 £438
% change year-on-year -2.58% +2.86% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,475 1,417 1,995
10th Percentile £12.24 £12.42 £11.50
25th Percentile £15.79 £16.06 £14.50
Median hourly rate £26.50 £22.00 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year +20.45% -4.35% +9.52%
75th Percentile £47.38 £46.00 £44.50
90th Percentile £58.75 £55.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.00 £20.11 £22.50
% change year-on-year +14.37% -10.62% +12.50%

Continuous Improvement
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Continuous Improvement as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Daily rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 5 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Continuous Improvement.

Hourly rate trend for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Continuous Improvement over the 6 months to 5 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Continuous Improvement in the UK

Continuous Improvement
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Continuous Improvement within the UK over the 6 months to 5 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 1,150 £500 +3.92% 647
UK excluding London +36 663 £450 - 524
London +3 609 £525 -0.28% 181
Work from Home -11 385 £473 +22.73% 86
North of England +56 156 £450 +4.05% 160
South East +19 152 £450 +5.88% 106
Scotland +13 125 £425 -5.56% 43
Midlands +13 84 £400 -5.88% 94
North West +39 75 £450 +5.88% 84
Yorkshire +53 65 £450 -10.00% 51
West Midlands +18 64 £400 -5.88% 64
South West +12 61 £515 +8.42% 51
Wales +20 40 £523 +4.50% 20
East of England +17 38 £508 +25.31% 51
East Midlands +1 20 £390 -10.34% 29
North East +16 16 £405 -4.71% 25
Northern Ireland - 7 £525 -

For the 6 months to 5 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Continuous Improvement also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Continuous Improvement.

1 833 (56.98%) Agile Software Development
2 406 (27.77%) Social Skills
3 331 (22.64%) DevOps
4 318 (21.75%) Finance
5 250 (17.10%) Azure
6 231 (15.80%) Scrum
7 205 (14.02%) SQL
7 205 (14.02%) TDD
8 199 (13.61%) Microsoft
9 198 (13.54%) Problem-Solving
10 197 (13.47%) Project Management
11 186 (12.72%) Mentoring
12 182 (12.45%) Analytical Skills
12 182 (12.45%) Software Engineering
13 181 (12.38%) JavaScript
14 175 (11.97%) Coaching
15 174 (11.90%) Security Cleared
16 173 (11.83%) Test Automation
16 173 (11.83%) Java
17 171 (11.70%) Continuous Integration
18 170 (11.63%) AWS
19 164 (11.22%) Stakeholder Management
20 161 (11.01%) Analytics
21 154 (10.53%) SDLC
22 150 (10.26%) .NET
23 149 (10.19%) Project Delivery
24 138 (9.44%) C#
25 136 (9.30%) Oracle
25 136 (9.30%) Public Sector
26 134 (9.17%) Python

Continuous Improvement
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (4.72%) SharePoint
2 62 (4.24%) Confluence
3 29 (1.98%) BizTalk Server
4 18 (1.23%) WebLogic
5 17 (1.16%) Apache
6 15 (1.03%) CMS
7 11 (0.75%) Apache Spark
7 11 (0.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 11 (0.75%) SAS
8 10 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
8 10 (0.68%) IIS
8 10 (0.68%) WebLogic Portal
9 8 (0.55%) JBoss
10 7 (0.48%) Red Hat Fuse
10 7 (0.48%) WebSphere
11 6 (0.41%) Headless CMS
11 6 (0.41%) Skype for Business
12 5 (0.34%) CICS
12 5 (0.34%) Documentum
13 4 (0.27%) NetWeaver
Applications
1 72 (4.92%) Microsoft Excel
2 48 (3.28%) Microsoft Office
3 34 (2.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 24 (1.64%) MS Visio
5 17 (1.16%) Microsoft Project
6 12 (0.82%) Figma
7 11 (0.75%) Sketch
8 10 (0.68%) Chatbot
9 8 (0.55%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 8 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.41%) Adobe Illustrator
11 5 (0.34%) Adobe After Effects
11 5 (0.34%) Adobe Premiere
11 5 (0.34%) InVision
11 5 (0.34%) Photoshop
12 4 (0.27%) UserZoom
13 2 (0.14%) Adobe Captivate
13 2 (0.14%) Adobe XD
13 2 (0.14%) CINEMA 4D
13 2 (0.14%) Marvel
Business Applications
1 12 (0.82%) Oracle EBS
2 10 (0.68%) Oracle Applications
3 7 (0.48%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.41%) SAP HCM
5 4 (0.27%) Magento
5 4 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
5 4 (0.27%) SAP S/4HANA
6 3 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
6 3 (0.21%) SAP BPC
6 3 (0.21%) SAP PP
6 3 (0.21%) Workday HCM
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 2 (0.14%) SAP CRM
7 2 (0.14%) SAP IS-U
7 2 (0.14%) SAP MDG
8 1 (0.068%) HFM
8 1 (0.068%) Maximo
8 1 (0.068%) PeopleSoft Financials
8 1 (0.068%) SAP MM
8 1 (0.068%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 250 (17.10%) Azure
2 170 (11.63%) AWS
3 81 (5.54%) Power Platform
4 62 (4.24%) Serverless
5 50 (3.42%) GitHub
6 45 (3.08%) PaaS
7 43 (2.94%) AWS Lambda
7 43 (2.94%) Azure Logic Apps
7 43 (2.94%) SaaS
8 40 (2.74%) Azure Functions
8 40 (2.74%) Microsoft 365
9 38 (2.60%) Azure Storage
10 36 (2.46%) IaaS
11 33 (2.26%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 32 (2.19%) GCP
13 30 (2.05%) Azure Active Directory
14 20 (1.37%) npm
15 18 (1.23%) OpenShift
16 15 (1.03%) Google Analytics
17 10 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 35 (2.39%) DNS
2 32 (2.19%) Internet
3 28 (1.92%) Firewall
4 19 (1.30%) TCP/IP
5 15 (1.03%) DHCP
6 14 (0.96%) HTTP
7 13 (0.89%) WAN
8 12 (0.82%) LAN
8 12 (0.82%) VPN
9 11 (0.75%) VLAN
10 10 (0.68%) RTMP
10 10 (0.68%) SMTP
11 9 (0.62%) SAN
11 9 (0.62%) SSL
11 9 (0.62%) Wireless
12 8 (0.55%) HTTPS
12 8 (0.55%) IPsec
12 8 (0.55%) POP3
13 7 (0.48%) FTP
13 7 (0.48%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 101 (6.91%) SQL Server
2 78 (5.34%) Power BI
3 69 (4.72%) MongoDB
4 50 (3.42%) Tableau
5 47 (3.21%) Relational Database
6 34 (2.33%) NoSQL
7 33 (2.26%) Azure SQL Database
8 27 (1.85%) Big Data
9 24 (1.64%) PostgreSQL
10 23 (1.57%) Data Warehouse
11 22 (1.50%) MySQL
11 22 (1.50%) Oracle Database
11 22 (1.50%) Tableau Desktop
12 21 (1.44%) Tableau Server
13 17 (1.16%) Oracle Database 11g
13 17 (1.16%) Oracle Database 12c
14 16 (1.09%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 15 (1.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 14 (0.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 14 (0.96%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 132 (9.03%) JIRA
2 117 (8.00%) Jenkins
3 113 (7.73%) Git (software)
4 64 (4.38%) Octopus Deploy
5 31 (2.12%) Artifactory
6 30 (2.05%) TeamCity
7 28 (1.92%) Cucumber
8 27 (1.85%) JUnit
9 25 (1.71%) Selenium
10 22 (1.50%) Maven
11 19 (1.30%) Bitbucket
11 19 (1.30%) webpack
12 16 (1.09%) Team Foundation Server
12 16 (1.09%) Xcode
13 13 (0.89%) Gatling
14 12 (0.82%) Gradle
14 12 (0.82%) Mockito
15 11 (0.75%) Cypress.io
16 10 (0.68%) GitLab
16 10 (0.68%) SpecFlow
General
1 406 (27.77%) Social Skills
2 318 (21.75%) Finance
3 182 (12.45%) Analytical Skills
4 136 (9.30%) Public Sector
5 95 (6.50%) Influencing Skills
6 80 (5.47%) Banking
7 59 (4.04%) Telecoms
8 54 (3.69%) Presentation Skills
9 51 (3.49%) Front Office
10 43 (2.94%) Legal
11 40 (2.74%) Organisational Skills
12 39 (2.67%) Marketing
13 37 (2.53%) Retail
14 25 (1.71%) Billing
14 25 (1.71%) Manufacturing
15 15 (1.03%) Investment Banking
15 15 (1.03%) Law
15 15 (1.03%) Publishing
16 11 (0.75%) Pharmaceutical
17 10 (0.68%) Games
Job Titles
1 317 (21.68%) Developer
2 177 (12.11%) Analyst
3 88 (6.02%) Architect
4 81 (5.54%) Delivery Manager
5 64 (4.38%) Project Manager
6 63 (4.31%) Java Developer
7 49 (3.35%) C# Developer
8 48 (3.28%) Solutions Architect
9 47 (3.21%) Business Analyst
9 47 (3.21%) DevOps Engineer
10 44 (3.01%) Scrum Master
11 43 (2.94%) Consultant
12 39 (2.67%) Senior Developer
13 36 (2.46%) .NET Developer
13 36 (2.46%) Python Developer
14 30 (2.05%) Designer
15 28 (1.92%) Data Analyst
16 27 (1.85%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 26 (1.78%) Azure Developer
17 26 (1.78%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 150 (10.26%) .NET
2 97 (6.63%) React
3 95 (6.50%) HTML
4 93 (6.36%) AngularJS
5 91 (6.22%) REST
6 85 (5.81%) CSS
7 84 (5.75%) Node.js
8 52 (3.56%) RESTful
9 51 (3.49%) ASP.NET
10 45 (3.08%) Spring
11 43 (2.94%) .NET Core
12 40 (2.74%) Web Services
13 39 (2.67%) HTML5
13 39 (2.67%) XML
14 37 (2.53%) JSON
15 31 (2.12%) Redux
16 27 (1.85%) Spring Boot
17 26 (1.78%) ASP.NET Core
18 23 (1.57%) GraphQL
18 23 (1.57%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 110 (7.52%) User Experience
2 66 (4.51%) Management Information System
3 65 (4.45%) Cloud Native
4 60 (4.10%) Self-Motivation
5 52 (3.56%) Mobile App
6 47 (3.21%) Enterprise Software
7 45 (3.08%) Greenfield Project
8 32 (2.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 24 (1.64%) Virtual Team
10 23 (1.57%) Clustering
10 23 (1.57%) CMDB
11 22 (1.50%) Fixed Income
11 22 (1.50%) Public Cloud
12 18 (1.23%) NHS
13 13 (0.89%) Hybrid Cloud
14 10 (0.68%) Data Structures
14 10 (0.68%) PMI
14 10 (0.68%) Wiki
15 9 (0.62%) Client/Server
15 9 (0.62%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 97 (6.63%) Linux
2 78 (5.34%) Windows
3 47 (3.21%) Unix
4 32 (2.19%) Windows Server
5 30 (2.05%) Android
6 29 (1.98%) Apple iOS
7 10 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
8 9 (0.62%) Mac OS
8 9 (0.62%) Solaris
9 8 (0.55%) AIX
10 7 (0.48%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.41%) Windows 10
11 6 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
12 5 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 5 (0.34%) Windows Vista
13 4 (0.27%) Windows Server 2016
14 3 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
15 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2019
16 1 (0.068%) Tizen
16 1 (0.068%) webOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 833 (56.98%) Agile Software Development
2 331 (22.64%) DevOps
3 231 (15.80%) Scrum
4 205 (14.02%) TDD
5 198 (13.54%) Problem-Solving
6 197 (13.47%) Project Management
7 186 (12.72%) Mentoring
8 182 (12.45%) Software Engineering
9 175 (11.97%) Coaching
10 173 (11.83%) Test Automation
11 171 (11.70%) Continuous Integration
12 164 (11.22%) Stakeholder Management
13 161 (11.01%) Analytics
14 154 (10.53%) SDLC
15 149 (10.19%) Project Delivery
16 125 (8.55%) Microservices
17 115 (7.87%) Change Management
18 107 (7.32%) Decision-Making
19 104 (7.11%) Scaled Agile Framework
20 103 (7.05%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 205 (14.02%) SQL
2 181 (12.38%) JavaScript
3 173 (11.83%) Java
4 138 (9.44%) C#
5 134 (9.17%) Python
6 70 (4.79%) TypeScript
7 67 (4.58%) PowerShell
8 59 (4.04%) C++
9 51 (3.49%) Go
10 50 (3.42%) PL/SQL
11 37 (2.53%) T-SQL
12 31 (2.12%) Java 8
12 31 (2.12%) Kotlin
13 29 (1.98%) Bash Shell
14 28 (1.92%) Scala
15 27 (1.85%) ES6
16 24 (1.64%) C
17 16 (1.09%) PHP
18 13 (0.89%) COBOL
19 12 (0.82%) R
Qualifications
1 174 (11.90%) Security Cleared
2 134 (9.17%) SC Cleared
3 121 (8.28%) Degree
4 30 (2.05%) DV Cleared
5 25 (1.71%) BPSS Clearance
6 21 (1.44%) ISEB
7 20 (1.37%) ISTQB
7 20 (1.37%) PMI Certification
8 19 (1.30%) PMP
9 18 (1.23%) Microsoft Certification
10 13 (0.89%) Computer Science Degree
10 13 (0.89%) ITIL Certification
11 12 (0.82%) Cisco Certification
12 10 (0.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 10 (0.68%) Six Sigma Green Belt
13 8 (0.55%) CCNA
13 8 (0.55%) CCNP
13 8 (0.55%) DBS Check
13 8 (0.55%) HND
13 8 (0.55%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 118 (8.07%) QA
2 62 (4.24%) PMO
3 40 (2.74%) GDPR
4 31 (2.12%) SLA
5 24 (1.64%) Data Quality
6 20 (1.37%) PCI DSS
7 15 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 12 (0.82%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 12 (0.82%) WCAG
9 10 (0.68%) Disclosure Scotland
10 7 (0.48%) COBIT
10 7 (0.48%) Cyber Essentials
10 7 (0.48%) GRC
10 7 (0.48%) NCSC
10 7 (0.48%) NIST
11 6 (0.41%) Actionable Recommendations
12 4 (0.27%) ISO 9001
12 4 (0.27%) RMADS
13 3 (0.21%) GMP
13 3 (0.21%) TARGET2
System Software
1 69 (4.72%) Docker
2 67 (4.58%) Active Directory
3 35 (2.39%) VMware Infrastructure
4 8 (0.55%) vSphere
5 7 (0.48%) HDFS
5 7 (0.48%) Oracle RAC
6 5 (0.34%) Time Sharing Option
6 5 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.34%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (0.27%) Hyper-V
7 4 (0.27%) VMware Workstation
8 3 (0.21%) XenApp
9 2 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 2 (0.14%) KVM
9 2 (0.14%) Microsoft App-V
9 2 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
9 2 (0.14%) VMware NSX
9 2 (0.14%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.068%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 122 (8.34%) Kubernetes
2 56 (3.83%) Ansible
3 50 (3.42%) Terraform
4 19 (1.30%) Puppet
5 17 (1.16%) Oracle RMAN
6 13 (0.89%) Grafana
7 11 (0.75%) Prometheus
8 8 (0.55%) Kibana
8 8 (0.55%) SCCM
9 7 (0.48%) Data Guard
9 7 (0.48%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
9 7 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.41%) MIIS
10 6 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
10 6 (0.41%) vRealize
11 5 (0.34%) Packer
12 4 (0.27%) HP ALM
12 4 (0.27%) Nagios
12 4 (0.27%) NetBackup
12 4 (0.27%) WSUS
Vendors
1 199 (13.61%) Microsoft
2 136 (9.30%) Oracle
3 51 (3.49%) SAP
4 43 (2.94%) VMware
5 32 (2.19%) MuleSoft
6 30 (2.05%) Adobe
6 30 (2.05%) ServiceNow
7 26 (1.78%) Google
8 25 (1.71%) Cisco
9 16 (1.09%) HP
10 13 (0.89%) Databricks
10 13 (0.89%) Splunk
11 11 (0.75%) Citrix
12 10 (0.68%) Apple
12 10 (0.68%) Atlassian
12 10 (0.68%) Cadence
12 10 (0.68%) Dell
13 9 (0.62%) BT
13 9 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
14 8 (0.55%) Remedy