Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Cyber Essentials skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cyber Essentials over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cyber Essentials
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 543 580 627
Rank change year-on-year +37 +47 +128
Permanent jobs citing Cyber Essentials 1,040 443 226
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.41% 0.29%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 3.25% 2.97% 2.22%
Number of salaries quoted 533 357 190
10th Percentile £36,250 £36,250 £36,150
25th Percentile £42,500 £43,000 £46,159
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £51,518
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +6.76% +3.04%
75th Percentile £77,500 £68,750 £68,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +11.11%

Cyber Essentials is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 31,997 14,913 10,172
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 17.61% 13.83% 12.88%
Number of salaries quoted 13,976 9,374 7,868
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £53,500 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +2.80% +1.90% +5.00%
75th Percentile £73,750 £71,250 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,800 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +4.84% - +5.56%

Cyber Essentials
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Cyber Essentials as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cyber Essentials.

Salary trend for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cyber Essentials over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Salary histogram for Cyber Essentials in the UK

Cyber Essentials
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cyber Essentials within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +29 900 £60,000 +9.09% 81
UK excluding London +89 701 £55,000 +4.76% 69
Work from Home -106 317 £60,000 +14.29% 33
London -120 263 £65,000 +4.00% 17
East of England +56 181 £55,000 +27.91%
North of England +12 180 £57,500 +14.43% 19
North West -9 121 £57,500 - 10
Midlands -13 105 £50,000 -9.09% 13
South East -90 86 £60,000 +9.09% 21
Scotland 0 80 £50,500 +6.32% 2
South West +11 66 £52,500 +7.69% 11
West Midlands -21 60 £60,000 +4.35% 4
Yorkshire -16 58 £60,000 +33.33% 9
East Midlands -20 42 £45,000 -18.18% 9
Wales -30 5 £45,945 - 3
North East -18 1 £25,000 -56.52%

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT jobs citing Cyber Essentials also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Cyber Essentials.

1 828 (79.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 573 (55.10%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
3 559 (53.75%) Information Security
4 553 (53.17%) Cybersecurity
5 517 (49.71%) Social Skills
6 423 (40.67%) Finance
7 359 (34.52%) GDPR
8 354 (34.04%) NIST
9 318 (30.58%) SIEM
10 286 (27.50%) Security Operations
11 284 (27.31%) Azure
12 280 (26.92%) Vulnerability Management
13 265 (25.48%) Microsoft
14 231 (22.21%) Microsoft 365
15 223 (21.44%) CISSP
16 221 (21.25%) Public Sector
17 217 (20.87%) Security Testing
18 196 (18.85%) Banking
19 184 (17.69%) Manufacturing
20 182 (17.50%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
21 181 (17.40%) Inclusion and Diversity
22 177 (17.02%) Police
23 172 (16.54%) Smart Meter
24 171 (16.44%) Management Information System
25 168 (16.15%) Life Science
26 166 (15.96%) ITIL
27 164 (15.77%) Windows
28 158 (15.19%) Innovative Thinking
29 148 (14.23%) Firewall
30 146 (14.04%) Penetration Testing

Cyber Essentials
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (3.75%) SharePoint
2 19 (1.83%) MS Exchange
3 5 (0.48%) IIS
4 4 (0.38%) Apache Spark
5 3 (0.29%) CMS
6 2 (0.19%) Apache
7 1 (0.096%) SAS
7 1 (0.096%) Umbraco
Applications
1 38 (3.65%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
2 2 (0.19%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.096%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 3 (0.29%) Magento
2 1 (0.096%) Elite 3E
2 1 (0.096%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 284 (27.31%) Azure
2 231 (22.21%) Microsoft 365
3 112 (10.77%) AWS
4 74 (7.12%) SaaS
5 56 (5.38%) Azure Active Directory
6 51 (4.90%) Mimecast
7 45 (4.33%) Google Workspace
8 41 (3.94%) Azure Sentinel
9 40 (3.85%) GCP
10 36 (3.46%) IaaS
11 35 (3.37%) PaaS
12 20 (1.92%) Power Platform
13 17 (1.63%) Cloud Computing
14 14 (1.35%) Cloudflare
15 11 (1.06%) Firebase
15 11 (1.06%) GitHub
15 11 (1.06%) GitHub Actions
16 8 (0.77%) Dynamics 365
17 6 (0.58%) OneDrive
18 5 (0.48%) Google Docs
Communications & Networking
1 148 (14.23%) Firewall
2 61 (5.87%) Intrusion Detection
3 54 (5.19%) Network Security
4 52 (5.00%) WAN
5 38 (3.65%) VPN
6 37 (3.56%) DNS
6 37 (3.56%) LAN
7 28 (2.69%) DHCP
7 28 (2.69%) Wireless
8 18 (1.73%) TCP/IP
9 17 (1.63%) SAN
9 17 (1.63%) SSL
10 14 (1.35%) Wireless Security
11 12 (1.15%) Wi-Fi
12 11 (1.06%) Internet
12 11 (1.06%) VLAN
13 10 (0.96%) SD-WAN
14 7 (0.67%) SNMP
15 6 (0.58%) Kerberos
15 6 (0.58%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (3.37%) SQL Server
2 19 (1.83%) Power BI
3 6 (0.58%) Data Warehouse
4 4 (0.38%) MySQL
4 4 (0.38%) PostgreSQL
4 4 (0.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 3 (0.29%) Big Data
5 3 (0.29%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.19%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
6 2 (0.19%) Azure SQL Database
6 2 (0.19%) MongoDB
7 1 (0.096%) Amazon RDS
7 1 (0.096%) Data Lake
7 1 (0.096%) DTS
7 1 (0.096%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 1 (0.096%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 15 (1.44%) Burp Suite
1 15 (1.44%) Log4j
2 12 (1.15%) Git (software)
3 4 (0.38%) Metasploit
4 1 (0.096%) JIRA
4 1 (0.096%) Sonatype Nexus
4 1 (0.096%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
4 1 (0.096%) Subversion
4 1 (0.096%) Visual Studio
4 1 (0.096%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 517 (49.71%) Social Skills
2 423 (40.67%) Finance
3 221 (21.25%) Public Sector
4 196 (18.85%) Banking
5 184 (17.69%) Manufacturing
6 181 (17.40%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 177 (17.02%) Police
8 62 (5.96%) Legal
9 49 (4.71%) Analytical Skills
10 29 (2.79%) Organisational Skills
11 28 (2.69%) Law
11 28 (2.69%) Marketing
11 28 (2.69%) Retail
12 15 (1.44%) Telecoms
13 8 (0.77%) Documentation Skills
13 8 (0.77%) Local Government
14 7 (0.67%) Advertising
14 7 (0.67%) Presentation Skills
15 6 (0.58%) Automotive
15 6 (0.58%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 285 (27.40%) Analyst
2 270 (25.96%) Security Analyst
3 218 (20.96%) Information Analyst
4 216 (20.77%) Information Security Analyst
5 191 (18.37%) Architect
6 181 (17.40%) Security Architect
7 102 (9.81%) Security Manager
8 65 (6.25%) Consultant
9 54 (5.19%) Information Manager
10 52 (5.00%) Information Security Manager
11 51 (4.90%) Head of Security
12 47 (4.52%) IT Engineer
12 47 (4.52%) Security Engineer
13 43 (4.13%) Security Consultant
14 37 (3.56%) IT Manager
15 34 (3.27%) Microsoft 365 Specialist
15 34 (3.27%) Microsoft Specialist
15 34 (3.27%) Technology Specialist
16 33 (3.17%) Infrastructure Engineer
17 31 (2.98%) Head of Information Security
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (1.35%) SAML
2 7 (0.67%) LDAP
3 4 (0.38%) .NET
3 4 (0.38%) OAuth
3 4 (0.38%) OpenID
3 4 (0.38%) Web Services
4 3 (0.29%) ASP.NET
4 3 (0.29%) ASP.NET MVC
4 3 (0.29%) ModSecurity
5 2 (0.19%) .NET Framework
5 2 (0.19%) Entity Framework
5 2 (0.19%) LAMP
5 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Graph
5 2 (0.19%) React
5 2 (0.19%) REST
6 1 (0.096%) HTML5
6 1 (0.096%) jQuery
6 1 (0.096%) RESTful
6 1 (0.096%) WCF
6 1 (0.096%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 172 (16.54%) Smart Meter
2 171 (16.44%) Management Information System
3 168 (16.15%) Life Science
4 59 (5.67%) Data Centre
5 47 (4.52%) Data Protection Act
6 34 (3.27%) Cyberthreat
7 29 (2.79%) Security Operations Centre
8 27 (2.60%) NHS
9 22 (2.12%) Cloud Native
10 16 (1.54%) Mobile App
11 14 (1.35%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 13 (1.25%) Cyberattack
12 13 (1.25%) Enterprise Cloud
12 13 (1.25%) IoT
12 13 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
12 13 (1.25%) Virtual Team
13 9 (0.87%) Blockchain
13 9 (0.87%) PMI
13 9 (0.87%) Replication
14 8 (0.77%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 164 (15.77%) Windows
2 85 (8.17%) Windows Server
3 60 (5.77%) Linux
4 32 (3.08%) Windows 10
5 17 (1.63%) Mac OS
5 17 (1.63%) Windows Server 2019
6 9 (0.87%) Android
6 9 (0.87%) Windows Server 2012
7 8 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
8 7 (0.67%) Unix
9 6 (0.58%) Apple iOS
9 6 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.38%) Kali Linux
11 2 (0.19%) Amazon Linux
11 2 (0.19%) Ubuntu
12 1 (0.096%) Mac OS X
12 1 (0.096%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 559 (53.75%) Information Security
2 553 (53.17%) Cybersecurity
3 318 (30.58%) SIEM
4 286 (27.50%) Security Operations
5 280 (26.92%) Vulnerability Management
6 217 (20.87%) Security Testing
7 166 (15.96%) ITIL
8 158 (15.19%) Innovative Thinking
9 146 (14.04%) Penetration Testing
10 145 (13.94%) Risk Management
11 123 (11.83%) Data Protection
12 104 (10.00%) Problem-Solving
13 98 (9.42%) OWASP
13 98 (9.42%) Service Delivery
14 88 (8.46%) Business Continuity
15 83 (7.98%) Incident Management
16 80 (7.69%) Service Management
17 78 (7.50%) ISMS
17 78 (7.50%) MITRE ATT&CK
18 71 (6.83%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 48 (4.62%) PowerShell
2 47 (4.52%) Python
3 33 (3.17%) SQL
4 27 (2.60%) Bash
5 12 (1.15%) C
5 12 (1.15%) Shell Script
6 5 (0.48%) C#
6 5 (0.48%) Google Apps Script
7 4 (0.38%) JavaScript
8 2 (0.19%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
8 2 (0.19%) R
8 2 (0.19%) T-SQL
9 1 (0.096%) Bicep
9 1 (0.096%) COBOL
9 1 (0.096%) Java
9 1 (0.096%) Perl
9 1 (0.096%) PHP
Qualifications
1 223 (21.44%) CISSP
2 122 (11.73%) CISM
3 97 (9.33%) Security Cleared
4 75 (7.21%) Degree
5 58 (5.58%) SC Cleared
6 49 (4.71%) DBS Check
7 43 (4.13%) CISMP
8 39 (3.75%) CISA
9 38 (3.65%) GCIH
10 36 (3.46%) SSCP
11 35 (3.37%) Microsoft Certification
12 28 (2.69%) CompTIA Security+
13 24 (2.31%) CEH
14 19 (1.83%) CREST Certified
14 19 (1.83%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
15 17 (1.63%) Computer Science Degree
16 16 (1.54%) Cisco Certification
16 16 (1.54%) CRISC
16 16 (1.54%) GCIA
17 14 (1.35%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 828 (79.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 573 (55.10%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
3 359 (34.52%) GDPR
4 354 (34.04%) NIST
5 182 (17.50%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 139 (13.37%) PCI DSS
7 85 (8.17%) NCSC
8 68 (6.54%) GRC
9 23 (2.21%) ISO 9001
9 23 (2.21%) SOC 2
10 20 (1.92%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 20 (1.92%) ISO 22301
10 20 (1.92%) JSP 440
11 17 (1.63%) BS25999
11 17 (1.63%) IASME
11 17 (1.63%) RMADS
12 16 (1.54%) SLA
13 12 (1.15%) COBIT
14 11 (1.06%) HIPAA
15 9 (0.87%) QA
System Software
1 124 (11.92%) Active Directory
2 61 (5.87%) VMware Infrastructure
3 44 (4.23%) Hyper-V
4 13 (1.25%) Virtual Servers
5 9 (0.87%) Snort
6 6 (0.58%) BitLocker
7 5 (0.48%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 5 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.19%) vSphere
9 1 (0.096%) Docker
9 1 (0.096%) iptables
9 1 (0.096%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.096%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 71 (6.83%) Microsoft Intune
2 45 (4.33%) Nessus
3 41 (3.94%) SCCM
4 29 (2.79%) Kubernetes
5 18 (1.73%) FortiGate
6 17 (1.63%) Single Sign-On
6 17 (1.63%) WSUS
7 15 (1.44%) QRadar
7 15 (1.44%) Trend Micro Deep Security
8 14 (1.35%) Terraform
9 13 (1.25%) CSIRT
10 12 (1.15%) Jamf Pro
11 11 (1.06%) Kustomize
12 7 (0.67%) CASB
13 6 (0.58%) Nmap
14 5 (0.48%) vCenter Server
15 4 (0.38%) Host Intrusion Detection System
15 4 (0.38%) Norton AntiVirus
16 3 (0.29%) Kibana
17 2 (0.19%) Grafana
Vendors
1 265 (25.48%) Microsoft
2 78 (7.50%) VMware
3 63 (6.06%) Google
4 37 (3.56%) CrowdStrike
5 36 (3.46%) Veeam
6 34 (3.27%) NEC
6 34 (3.27%) Northgate
7 33 (3.17%) IBM
8 32 (3.08%) Cisco
9 30 (2.88%) Splunk
10 29 (2.79%) Citrix
10 29 (2.79%) Qualys
10 29 (2.79%) Sophos
11 20 (1.92%) Okta
12 19 (1.83%) Zscaler
13 18 (1.73%) Fortinet
14 17 (1.63%) Rapid7
15 15 (1.44%) Forcepoint
15 15 (1.44%) OneTrust
15 15 (1.44%) Tanium