Period
to 19 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 19 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 61 64 63
Rank change year-on-year +3 -1 0
Contract jobs citing QA 3,458 3,188 3,346
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.43% 3.37% 3.10%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 26.49% 28.94% 25.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,389 2,135 2,059
UK median daily rate £430 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
90th Percentile £607 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 36 53 51
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £23.34 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +39.25% +1.48% -26.84%
10th Percentile £13.72 £8.55 £13.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £46.40 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.31 £25.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +61.22% - -24.24%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 13,055 11,014 12,882
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.96% 11.65% 11.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,546 7,205 8,060
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £259 £225 £230
90th Percentile £630 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 362 385 464
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £21.50 £25.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -14.85% +21.69%
10th Percentile £11.78 £10.93 £11.36
90th Percentile £57.25 £48.75 £53.53
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.85 £22.45 £25.50
% change year-on-year +1.76% -11.96% +27.50%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 3,222 £450 +5.88% 1,359
London 0 1,869 £475 +5.56% 522
UK excluding London -1 1,548 £400 +6.67% 918
South East +5 594 £400 +6.67% 251
North of England -25 285 £408 +7.95% 228
Midlands -14 180 £375 - 152
South West 0 165 £375 +15.38% 90
Scotland +23 160 £375 +11.11% 60
Yorkshire +20 145 £425 +13.33% 92
West Midlands -2 121 £356 -12.04% 77
East of England -35 118 £450 +16.13% 116
North West -50 92 £370 -7.50% 117
North East +9 59 £425 +13.33% 19
East Midlands -18 58 £375 +2.74% 75
Northern Ireland -5 29 £315 +14.55% 6
Wales -27 22 £375 -10.18% 15
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 1,664 (48.12%) Agile Software Development
2 1,048 (30.31%) Test Automation
3 885 (25.59%) Java
4 834 (24.12%) Finance
5 632 (18.28%) Scrum
6 585 (16.92%) SQL
7 521 (15.07%) Selenium
8 518 (14.98%) BDD
9 502 (14.52%) TDD
10 491 (14.20%) JIRA
11 471 (13.62%) JavaScript
12 414 (11.97%) C#
13 402 (11.63%) Git (software)
14 401 (11.60%) Continuous Integration
15 399 (11.54%) Banking
16 390 (11.28%) Cucumber
17 388 (11.22%) Project Management
18 380 (10.99%) DevOps
19 343 (9.92%) Analytical Skills
20 336 (9.72%) Jenkins
21 333 (9.63%) User Acceptance Testing
22 319 (9.22%) Microsoft
23 312 (9.02%) SDLC
24 308 (8.91%) .NET
25 300 (8.68%) Degree
26 295 (8.53%) Python
27 290 (8.39%) Web Services
28 262 (7.58%) HTML
29 261 (7.55%) Stakeholder Management
30 260 (7.52%) Continuous Delivery

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 176 (5.09%) Confluence
2 94 (2.72%) CMS
3 64 (1.85%) Apache Spark
4 62 (1.79%) Apache
5 58 (1.68%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 58 (1.68%) SharePoint
6 47 (1.36%) Elasticsearch
7 46 (1.33%) WebSphere
8 39 (1.13%) IIS
9 38 (1.10%) JBoss
10 34 (0.98%) Cloud Foundry
11 33 (0.95%) Tomcat
12 31 (0.90%) SAS
13 21 (0.61%) nginx
13 21 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 17 (0.49%) Drupal
15 16 (0.46%) Apache Solr
16 14 (0.40%) Umbraco
17 13 (0.38%) Jetty
18 10 (0.29%) Mule
Applications
1 145 (4.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 106 (3.07%) Microsoft Office
3 56 (1.62%) Microsoft Project
4 50 (1.45%) MS Visio
5 39 (1.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 27 (0.78%) Spreadsheet
7 13 (0.38%) Photoshop
8 7 (0.20%) OmniGraffle
9 4 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.12%) InfoPath
10 3 (0.087%) AutoCAD
10 3 (0.087%) InVision
11 2 (0.058%) Acrobat
11 2 (0.058%) Chatbot
11 2 (0.058%) InDesign
11 2 (0.058%) Mingle
11 2 (0.058%) SPSS
12 1 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.029%) HipChat
12 1 (0.029%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 47 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
2 11 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
3 10 (0.29%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 9 (0.26%) Oracle Cash Management
5 8 (0.23%) Oracle EBS R12
5 8 (0.23%) SAP BPC
6 7 (0.20%) Actimize
6 7 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
6 7 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
6 7 (0.20%) SAP Payroll
7 6 (0.17%) Oracle Payroll
7 6 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
8 5 (0.14%) Magento
8 5 (0.14%) SAP HR
8 5 (0.14%) SAP SD
8 5 (0.14%) Unica
9 4 (0.12%) SAP CO
9 4 (0.12%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 247 (7.14%) Amazon AWS
2 166 (4.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 76 (2.20%) GitHub
4 46 (1.33%) SaaS
5 42 (1.21%) PaaS
6 36 (1.04%) npm
7 32 (0.93%) IaaS
8 30 (0.87%) Sauce Labs
9 26 (0.75%) Google Analytics
9 26 (0.75%) Office 365
10 24 (0.69%) Amazon EC2
10 24 (0.69%) Dynamics 365
10 24 (0.69%) Google Cloud Platform
11 22 (0.64%) BrowserStack
11 22 (0.64%) Serverless
12 20 (0.58%) Amazon S3
12 20 (0.58%) Force.com
13 17 (0.49%) AWS Lambda
14 15 (0.43%) AWS CloudFormation
14 15 (0.43%) BlazeMeter
Communications & Networking
1 84 (2.43%) Internet
2 64 (1.85%) Firewall
3 41 (1.19%) SMS
4 39 (1.13%) HTTP
5 26 (0.75%) DNS
6 21 (0.61%) LTE
7 17 (0.49%) FTP
8 16 (0.46%) TCP/IP
9 15 (0.43%) GSM
9 15 (0.43%) HSPA
9 15 (0.43%) SAN
9 15 (0.43%) WCDMA
10 14 (0.40%) LAN
11 13 (0.38%) VoLTE
11 13 (0.38%) VoWiFi
12 12 (0.35%) 3G
12 12 (0.35%) DHCP
13 10 (0.29%) WAN
13 10 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
14 9 (0.26%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 196 (5.67%) SQL Server
2 135 (3.90%) Relational Database
3 124 (3.59%) NoSQL
4 120 (3.47%) MongoDB
5 114 (3.30%) Big Data
6 90 (2.60%) MySQL
7 87 (2.52%) Data Warehouse
8 85 (2.46%) Hadoop
9 58 (1.68%) Redis
9 58 (1.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 40 (1.16%) Power BI
11 36 (1.04%) PostgreSQL
12 31 (0.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 30 (0.87%) HBase
13 30 (0.87%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 26 (0.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 25 (0.72%) Apache Hive
16 24 (0.69%) Apache Cassandra
16 24 (0.69%) Oracle Database
17 22 (0.64%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 521 (15.07%) Selenium
2 491 (14.20%) JIRA
3 402 (11.63%) Git (software)
4 390 (11.28%) Cucumber
5 336 (9.72%) Jenkins
6 200 (5.78%) WebDriver
7 137 (3.96%) SoapUI
8 136 (3.93%) JUnit
9 133 (3.85%) TeamCity
10 128 (3.70%) SpecFlow
11 119 (3.44%) Maven
12 102 (2.95%) Team Foundation Server
13 91 (2.63%) JMeter
14 86 (2.49%) Visual Studio
15 77 (2.23%) Appium
16 64 (1.85%) Subversion
17 63 (1.82%) IntelliJ
18 53 (1.53%) Grunt
19 52 (1.50%) HP UFT
20 50 (1.45%) Gradle
General
1 834 (24.12%) Finance
2 399 (11.54%) Banking
3 179 (5.18%) Retail
4 136 (3.93%) Investment Banking
5 116 (3.35%) Marketing
6 106 (3.07%) Telecoms
7 71 (2.05%) Front Office
8 69 (2.00%) Games
9 62 (1.79%) Legal
10 61 (1.76%) Publishing
11 54 (1.56%) Law
12 45 (1.30%) Manufacturing
13 39 (1.13%) Financial Institution
14 36 (1.04%) Retail Banking
15 31 (0.90%) Automotive
15 31 (0.90%) Billing
16 26 (0.75%) Back Office
16 26 (0.75%) Electronics
17 19 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
18 18 (0.52%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 678 (19.61%) Analyst
2 662 (19.14%) Developer
3 375 (10.84%) Tester
4 251 (7.26%) Test Analyst
5 221 (6.39%) Architect
6 219 (6.33%) QA Engineer
7 213 (6.16%) QA Tester
8 205 (5.93%) Business Analyst
9 193 (5.58%) Project Manager
10 167 (4.83%) Test Engineer
11 160 (4.63%) Automation Tester
12 154 (4.45%) Java Developer
13 140 (4.05%) QA Analyst
14 123 (3.56%) Consultant
15 110 (3.18%) DevOps Engineer
16 93 (2.69%) QA Test Analyst
17 92 (2.66%) QA Automation Engineer
17 92 (2.66%) Test Automation Engineer
18 89 (2.57%) Java Engineer
19 79 (2.28%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 308 (8.91%) .NET
2 290 (8.39%) Web Services
3 262 (7.58%) HTML
4 240 (6.94%) REST
5 229 (6.62%) CSS
6 203 (5.87%) SOAP
7 185 (5.35%) RESTful
8 178 (5.15%) Spring
9 150 (4.34%) XML
10 136 (3.93%) HTML5
11 133 (3.85%) AngularJS
12 131 (3.79%) Node.js
13 116 (3.35%) JSON
14 92 (2.66%) jQuery
15 87 (2.52%) Gherkin
16 86 (2.49%) React
17 78 (2.26%) Spring Boot
18 77 (2.23%) ASP.NET
19 72 (2.08%) CSS3
20 61 (1.76%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 343 (9.92%) Analytical Skills
2 213 (6.16%) User Experience
3 185 (5.35%) Mobile App
4 125 (3.61%) Computer Science
5 94 (2.72%) Management Information System
6 92 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
6 92 (2.66%) Greenfield Project
7 79 (2.28%) Virtual Team
8 75 (2.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 74 (2.14%) Derivative
10 60 (1.74%) Data Centre
10 60 (1.74%) Linux Command Line
11 50 (1.45%) Equities
12 39 (1.13%) Data Structures
13 37 (1.07%) Fintech
14 34 (0.98%) Fixed Income
15 23 (0.67%) Credit Risk
16 22 (0.64%) Algorithms
16 22 (0.64%) Replication
17 21 (0.61%) PMI
Operating Systems
1 253 (7.32%) Linux
2 207 (5.99%) Windows
3 188 (5.44%) Unix
4 149 (4.31%) Android
5 125 (3.61%) Apple iOS
6 52 (1.50%) Windows Server
7 44 (1.27%) Windows 10
8 34 (0.98%) Windows 7
9 32 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 29 (0.84%) Mac OS X
11 20 (0.58%) CentOS
12 14 (0.40%) Ubuntu
12 14 (0.40%) Windows Server 2008
13 13 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
14 9 (0.26%) AIX
14 9 (0.26%) Solaris
15 5 (0.14%) Debian
16 4 (0.12%) Windows 8
16 4 (0.12%) Windows Vista
17 2 (0.058%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,664 (48.12%) Agile Software Development
2 1,048 (30.31%) Test Automation
3 632 (18.28%) Scrum
4 518 (14.98%) BDD
5 502 (14.52%) TDD
6 401 (11.60%) Continuous Integration
7 388 (11.22%) Project Management
8 380 (10.99%) DevOps
9 333 (9.63%) User Acceptance Testing
10 312 (9.02%) SDLC
11 261 (7.55%) Stakeholder Management
12 260 (7.52%) Continuous Delivery
13 259 (7.49%) Software Engineering
14 258 (7.46%) Kanban
15 250 (7.23%) E-Commerce
16 236 (6.82%) Test Scripting
17 230 (6.65%) Microservices
18 226 (6.54%) Mentoring
19 223 (6.45%) User Stories
20 213 (6.16%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 885 (25.59%) Java
2 585 (16.92%) SQL
3 471 (13.62%) JavaScript
4 414 (11.97%) C#
5 295 (8.53%) Python
6 162 (4.68%) Ruby
7 95 (2.75%) Scala
8 86 (2.49%) PowerShell
9 82 (2.37%) C++
10 73 (2.11%) Groovy
11 62 (1.79%) PHP
12 61 (1.76%) Bash Shell
12 61 (1.76%) Perl
13 60 (1.74%) Shell Script
14 49 (1.42%) ES6
15 48 (1.39%) T-SQL
16 45 (1.30%) Apple Swift
17 44 (1.27%) C
17 44 (1.27%) VBA
18 37 (1.07%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 300 (8.68%) Degree
2 195 (5.64%) Security Cleared
3 140 (4.05%) SC Cleared
4 101 (2.92%) ISTQB
5 83 (2.40%) ISEB
6 81 (2.34%) Computer Science Degree
7 50 (1.45%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
8 48 (1.39%) PMI Certification
9 45 (1.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 44 (1.27%) PMP
11 30 (0.87%) Numerate Degree
12 26 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
13 23 (0.67%) DV Cleared
14 17 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
14 17 (0.49%) PRINCE2 Certification
15 12 (0.35%) CISSP
15 12 (0.35%) MCSD
16 11 (0.32%) Master's Degree
17 9 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
17 9 (0.26%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 128 (3.70%) PMO
2 46 (1.33%) Data Quality
3 42 (1.21%) GDPR
3 42 (1.21%) MiFID
4 29 (0.84%) WCAG
5 23 (0.67%) EMIR
6 18 (0.52%) PCI DSS
7 14 (0.40%) Dodd-Frank
8 13 (0.38%) SLA
9 12 (0.35%) ISO 9001
10 8 (0.23%) COBIT
10 8 (0.23%) COSO
10 8 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
10 8 (0.23%) IFRS
11 7 (0.20%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 7 (0.20%) GMP
11 7 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 7 (0.20%) SEPA
12 6 (0.17%) IEC 62304
12 6 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 144 (4.16%) Docker
2 42 (1.21%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.78%) VMware Infrastructure
4 24 (0.69%) Microsoft App-V
5 17 (0.49%) HDFS
6 14 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 12 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
8 9 (0.26%) Hyper-V
9 6 (0.17%) XenApp
10 5 (0.14%) BitLocker
10 5 (0.14%) Firmware
11 4 (0.12%) XenServer
12 3 (0.087%) Cronacle
12 3 (0.087%) vCloud
13 2 (0.058%) NFS
13 2 (0.058%) OpenDJ
13 2 (0.058%) OpenIDM
13 2 (0.058%) VMware ESXi
14 1 (0.029%) Oracle Clusterware
14 1 (0.029%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 113 (3.27%) Puppet
2 91 (2.63%) Ansible
3 72 (2.08%) HP Quality Center
4 70 (2.02%) Opscode Chef
5 53 (1.53%) Kubernetes
6 43 (1.24%) Terraform
7 34 (0.98%) Grafana
7 34 (0.98%) SCCM
8 19 (0.55%) Kibana
9 17 (0.49%) WMI
10 15 (0.43%) logstash
11 14 (0.40%) Docker Swarm
11 14 (0.40%) Nagios
12 12 (0.35%) StatsD
13 11 (0.32%) ITRS Geneos
14 9 (0.26%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
15 8 (0.23%) Galera Cluster
15 8 (0.23%) Host Intrusion Detection System
15 8 (0.23%) Icinga
15 8 (0.23%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 319 (9.22%) Microsoft
2 148 (4.28%) Oracle
3 116 (3.35%) SAP
4 102 (2.95%) HP
5 94 (2.72%) Adobe
5 94 (2.72%) Salesforce.com
6 64 (1.85%) Atlassian
7 63 (1.82%) Splunk
8 52 (1.50%) AppDynamics
9 50 (1.45%) Google
10 40 (1.16%) MuleSoft
10 40 (1.16%) New Relic
11 39 (1.13%) Red Hat
12 38 (1.10%) VMware
13 33 (0.95%) IBM
13 33 (0.95%) Tableau
14 26 (0.75%) Citrix
14 26 (0.75%) hybris
15 20 (0.58%) Informatica
16 17 (0.49%) Sitecore