Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 62 73 62
Rank change year-on-year +11 -11 0
Contract jobs citing QA 3541 3281 3614
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.43% 3.11% 3.21%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 26.94% 27.41% 27.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 2471 2229 2327
UK median daily rate £431 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.62% +5.00% +6.67%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £606 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £388 £375
% change year-on-year - +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 45 63 59
UK median hourly rate £21.90 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.50% - -
10th Percentile £10.80 £8.55 £10.48
90th Percentile £42.89 £39.38 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.80 £22.45 £20.00
% change year-on-year +19.38% +12.25% +4.58%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 13142 11970 13354
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.74% 11.35% 11.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 8585 7804 8430
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +4.94% +1.25%
10th Percentile £256 £225 £228
90th Percentile £638 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £388
% change year-on-year +2.56% +0.65% +6.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 385 421 473
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £23.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.89% +4.44% +16.88%
10th Percentile £11.49 £10.80 £11.54
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.00 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% +13.64% +12.82%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 3325 £450 +5.88% 666
London +9 1920 £475 +5.56% 305
UK excluding London +3 1583 £388 - 388
South East +15 614 £400 +6.67% 110
North of England -27 235 £425 +7.59% 113
South West +11 215 £388 -3.13% 33
Midlands +10 182 £375 - 61
East of England -11 148 £400 -5.88% 43
Scotland +12 144 £345 -1.43% 17
West Midlands +5 109 £350 -6.67% 31
Yorkshire +4 107 £425 +13.33% 35
North West -42 102 £450 +12.50% 64
East Midlands -7 71 £388 -3.13% 30
North East +14 47 £425 +20.57% 14
Wales -13 25 £360 -15.29% 10
Northern Ireland -29 23 £315 -18.71% 1
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for QA.

1 1584 (44.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1128 (31.86%) Test Automation
3 883 (24.94%) Java
4 837 (23.64%) Finance
5 608 (17.17%) SQL
6 590 (16.66%) Scrum
7 536 (15.14%) TDD
8 506 (14.29%) JavaScript
9 504 (14.23%) Selenium
10 492 (13.89%) BDD
11 472 (13.33%) JIRA
12 444 (12.54%) Git (software)
13 421 (11.89%) Continuous Integration
14 396 (11.18%) Project Management
15 389 (10.99%) Cucumber
16 388 (10.96%) Analytical Skills
17 381 (10.76%) Banking
18 368 (10.39%) C#
19 357 (10.08%) Jenkins
20 356 (10.05%) User Acceptance Testing
21 350 (9.88%) SDLC
22 343 (9.69%) Microsoft
23 338 (9.55%) Degree
24 332 (9.38%) Web Services
25 301 (8.50%) .NET
26 296 (8.36%) DevOps
27 293 (8.27%) Linux
28 284 (8.02%) HTML
29 283 (7.99%) Python
30 281 (7.94%) Software Engineering

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (4.32%) Confluence
2 86 (2.43%) CMS
3 70 (1.98%) Apache Spark
4 69 (1.95%) Apache
5 60 (1.69%) WebSphere
6 59 (1.67%) SharePoint
7 52 (1.47%) JBoss
8 46 (1.30%) Tomcat
9 37 (1.04%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 37 (1.04%) Elasticsearch
10 36 (1.02%) SAS
11 26 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
12 25 (0.71%) nginx
13 22 (0.62%) WebLogic
13 22 (0.62%) WebSphere Application Server
14 21 (0.59%) Drupal
15 20 (0.56%) Apache Solr
15 20 (0.56%) IIS
16 19 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 13 (0.37%) GemFire
Applications
1 168 (4.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 112 (3.16%) Microsoft Office
3 74 (2.09%) Microsoft Project
4 68 (1.92%) MS Visio
5 59 (1.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 28 (0.79%) Spreadsheet
7 13 (0.37%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.11%) InVision
9 3 (0.085%) Mingle
9 3 (0.085%) OmniGraffle
9 3 (0.085%) SPSS
10 2 (0.056%) InfoPath
11 1 (0.028%) Acrobat
11 1 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.028%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.028%) HipChat
11 1 (0.028%) Siemens NX
11 1 (0.028%) Simulink
11 1 (0.028%) Stata
11 1 (0.028%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 46 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 18 (0.51%) Markit EDM
3 17 (0.48%) SAP Hybris
4 16 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
5 13 (0.37%) Oracle EBS
6 10 (0.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 9 (0.25%) Actimize
7 9 (0.25%) Oracle EBS R12
8 8 (0.23%) SAP BPC
9 7 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
9 7 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
10 6 (0.17%) Maximo
10 6 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
10 6 (0.17%) Oracle Payroll
11 5 (0.14%) SAP Payroll
11 5 (0.14%) Unit4 Business World
12 4 (0.11%) CA PPM
12 4 (0.11%) Magento
12 4 (0.11%) thinkFolio
12 4 (0.11%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 272 (7.68%) Amazon AWS
2 142 (4.01%) Microsoft Azure
3 81 (2.29%) GitHub
4 52 (1.47%) PaaS
5 30 (0.85%) IaaS
5 30 (0.85%) SaaS
6 25 (0.71%) Sauce Labs
7 24 (0.68%) Google Cloud Platform
8 22 (0.62%) Office 365
9 20 (0.56%) BrowserStack
9 20 (0.56%) Dynamics 365
10 19 (0.54%) OpenShift
11 17 (0.48%) npm
12 16 (0.45%) Force.com
12 16 (0.45%) Google Analytics
13 15 (0.42%) BlazeMeter
13 15 (0.42%) Slack
14 14 (0.40%) Amazon EC2
15 13 (0.37%) Serverless
16 10 (0.28%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 100 (2.82%) Internet
2 76 (2.15%) HTTP
3 66 (1.86%) Firewall
4 36 (1.02%) SMS
5 24 (0.68%) DNS
6 21 (0.59%) FTP
7 17 (0.48%) LTE
7 17 (0.48%) TCP/IP
7 17 (0.48%) Wireless
8 16 (0.45%) Wi-Fi
9 14 (0.40%) LAN
10 12 (0.34%) GSM
10 12 (0.34%) HSPA
10 12 (0.34%) WCDMA
11 11 (0.31%) WAN
12 10 (0.28%) LDAP
12 10 (0.28%) SAN
13 9 (0.25%) IPv4
13 9 (0.25%) IPv6
13 9 (0.25%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 207 (5.85%) SQL Server
2 148 (4.18%) MongoDB
3 144 (4.07%) Big Data
4 130 (3.67%) NoSQL
5 128 (3.61%) Relational Database
6 89 (2.51%) Hadoop
6 89 (2.51%) MySQL
7 79 (2.23%) Data Warehouse
8 58 (1.64%) Redis
9 43 (1.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 36 (1.02%) Power BI
11 35 (0.99%) RDBMS
12 34 (0.96%) Apache Hive
13 32 (0.90%) Oracle Database
13 32 (0.90%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 28 (0.79%) HBase
15 22 (0.62%) Apache Cassandra
16 21 (0.59%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 20 (0.56%) PostgreSQL
17 20 (0.56%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 504 (14.23%) Selenium
2 472 (13.33%) JIRA
3 444 (12.54%) Git (software)
4 389 (10.99%) Cucumber
5 357 (10.08%) Jenkins
6 184 (5.20%) WebDriver
7 157 (4.43%) JUnit
8 126 (3.56%) SoapUI
9 122 (3.45%) TeamCity
10 114 (3.22%) SpecFlow
11 97 (2.74%) Team Foundation Server
12 95 (2.68%) Maven
13 82 (2.32%) IntelliJ
14 81 (2.29%) Appium
14 81 (2.29%) JMeter
15 79 (2.23%) Visual Studio
16 71 (2.01%) Grunt
17 64 (1.81%) Octopus Deploy
18 63 (1.78%) gulp
19 62 (1.75%) Bitbucket
General
1 837 (23.64%) Finance
2 381 (10.76%) Banking
3 171 (4.83%) Retail
4 128 (3.61%) Investment Banking
5 114 (3.22%) Marketing
6 91 (2.57%) Front Office
7 90 (2.54%) Telecoms
8 70 (1.98%) Publishing
9 66 (1.86%) Legal
10 62 (1.75%) Games
11 49 (1.38%) Financial Institution
12 46 (1.30%) Manufacturing
13 44 (1.24%) Retail Banking
14 34 (0.96%) Back Office
15 29 (0.82%) Billing
16 22 (0.62%) Law
16 22 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
17 19 (0.54%) Advertising
18 17 (0.48%) Electronics
19 16 (0.45%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 704 (19.88%) Analyst
1 704 (19.88%) Developer
2 392 (11.07%) Tester
3 239 (6.75%) Test Analyst
4 225 (6.35%) QA Engineer
5 223 (6.30%) Business Analyst
6 218 (6.16%) QA Tester
7 214 (6.04%) Architect
8 188 (5.31%) Java Developer
9 181 (5.11%) Project Manager
10 155 (4.38%) Automation Tester
11 146 (4.12%) Test Engineer
12 142 (4.01%) QA Analyst
13 96 (2.71%) Consultant
14 93 (2.63%) Test Manager
15 90 (2.54%) QA Automation Engineer
16 89 (2.51%) QA Test Analyst
17 87 (2.46%) .NET Developer
17 87 (2.46%) C# Developer
18 80 (2.26%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 332 (9.38%) Web Services
2 301 (8.50%) .NET
3 284 (8.02%) HTML
4 241 (6.81%) CSS
5 237 (6.69%) REST
6 219 (6.18%) SOAP
7 183 (5.17%) RESTful
8 178 (5.03%) XML
9 161 (4.55%) AngularJS
10 150 (4.24%) JSON
11 143 (4.04%) Spring
12 124 (3.50%) Node.js
13 122 (3.45%) HTML5
14 112 (3.16%) React
15 81 (2.29%) J2EE
16 80 (2.26%) jQuery
17 79 (2.23%) Gherkin
18 70 (1.98%) ASP.NET
19 67 (1.89%) Kafka
20 57 (1.61%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 388 (10.96%) Analytical Skills
2 218 (6.16%) User Experience
3 204 (5.76%) Mobile App
4 156 (4.41%) Computer Science
5 122 (3.45%) Management Information System
6 111 (3.13%) Derivative
7 106 (2.99%) Virtual Team
8 92 (2.60%) Greenfield Project
9 80 (2.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 78 (2.20%) Enterprise Software
11 75 (2.12%) Equities
12 61 (1.72%) Fixed Income
13 45 (1.27%) Data Structures
13 45 (1.27%) Fintech
14 44 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
15 39 (1.10%) Data Centre
16 36 (1.02%) OTC Derivatives
17 35 (0.99%) iPad
18 34 (0.96%) Replication
19 31 (0.88%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 293 (8.27%) Linux
2 228 (6.44%) Windows
3 190 (5.37%) Unix
4 144 (4.07%) Android
5 134 (3.78%) Apple iOS
6 50 (1.41%) Windows 10
7 46 (1.30%) Windows Server
8 44 (1.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 35 (0.99%) Windows 7
10 30 (0.85%) Mac OS X
11 22 (0.62%) Ubuntu
12 21 (0.59%) CentOS
13 20 (0.56%) Solaris
14 12 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
14 12 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
15 10 (0.28%) AIX
16 4 (0.11%) Windows 8
17 3 (0.085%) Windows Vista
18 2 (0.056%) Fedora
18 2 (0.056%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 1584 (44.73%) Agile Software Development
2 1128 (31.86%) Test Automation
3 590 (16.66%) Scrum
4 536 (15.14%) TDD
5 492 (13.89%) BDD
6 421 (11.89%) Continuous Integration
7 396 (11.18%) Project Management
8 356 (10.05%) User Acceptance Testing
9 350 (9.88%) SDLC
10 296 (8.36%) DevOps
11 281 (7.94%) Software Engineering
12 263 (7.43%) Stakeholder Management
13 251 (7.09%) Kanban
14 245 (6.92%) E-Commerce
15 236 (6.66%) Mentoring
16 235 (6.64%) Test Scripting
17 213 (6.02%) User Stories
18 210 (5.93%) Continuous Delivery
19 206 (5.82%) Acceptance Criteria
20 202 (5.70%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 883 (24.94%) Java
2 608 (17.17%) SQL
3 506 (14.29%) JavaScript
4 368 (10.39%) C#
5 283 (7.99%) Python
6 149 (4.21%) Ruby
7 109 (3.08%) Scala
8 101 (2.85%) C++
9 88 (2.49%) PowerShell
10 81 (2.29%) Groovy
11 75 (2.12%) Bash Shell
12 70 (1.98%) Perl
13 67 (1.89%) Shell Script
14 65 (1.84%) PHP
15 53 (1.50%) Apple Swift
15 53 (1.50%) C
16 45 (1.27%) PL/SQL
16 45 (1.27%) T-SQL
17 42 (1.19%) Objective-C
17 42 (1.19%) VBA
Qualifications
1 338 (9.55%) Degree
2 200 (5.65%) Security Cleared
3 137 (3.87%) SC Cleared
4 115 (3.25%) ISTQB
5 104 (2.94%) ISEB
6 93 (2.63%) Computer Science Degree
7 66 (1.86%) PMI Certification
8 55 (1.55%) PMP
9 45 (1.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 38 (1.07%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
11 30 (0.85%) DV Cleared
11 30 (0.85%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 27 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
13 20 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
14 18 (0.51%) CISSP
15 13 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
16 12 (0.34%) CEH
16 12 (0.34%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 12 (0.34%) SANS
17 8 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 132 (3.73%) PMO
2 76 (2.15%) MiFID
3 65 (1.84%) Data Quality
4 31 (0.88%) EMIR
4 31 (0.88%) GDPR
5 23 (0.65%) WCAG
6 22 (0.62%) Disclosure Scotland
7 19 (0.54%) Dodd-Frank
7 19 (0.54%) ISO 9001
8 16 (0.45%) SLA
9 9 (0.25%) WAI
10 8 (0.23%) SEPA
11 5 (0.14%) AIFMD
11 5 (0.14%) COBIT
11 5 (0.14%) GMP
11 5 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 5 (0.14%) PCI DSS
12 4 (0.11%) BS7799
12 4 (0.11%) ECSS
13 3 (0.085%) FINREP
System Software
1 131 (3.70%) Docker
2 44 (1.24%) Active Directory
3 32 (0.90%) Microsoft App-V
4 31 (0.88%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 15 (0.42%) HDFS
7 11 (0.31%) Firmware
8 8 (0.23%) Xen
9 6 (0.17%) Apache Flume
9 6 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
10 5 (0.14%) BitLocker
10 5 (0.14%) Oracle Clusterware
10 5 (0.14%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
11 4 (0.11%) Hyper-V
11 4 (0.11%) NFS
12 3 (0.085%) Cronacle
12 3 (0.085%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.085%) XenApp
13 2 (0.056%) VirtualBox
14 1 (0.028%) KVM
Systems Management
1 102 (2.88%) Puppet
2 78 (2.20%) HP Quality Center
3 69 (1.95%) Opscode Chef
4 55 (1.55%) Ansible
5 46 (1.30%) SCCM
6 44 (1.24%) Kubernetes
7 31 (0.88%) Grafana
8 28 (0.79%) Terraform
9 24 (0.68%) Nagios
9 24 (0.68%) WMI
10 23 (0.65%) Kibana
11 15 (0.42%) logstash
12 12 (0.34%) HP SiteScope
13 11 (0.31%) Galera Cluster
13 11 (0.31%) Icinga
13 11 (0.31%) Prometheus
14 10 (0.28%) ITRS Geneos
15 8 (0.23%) StatsD
15 8 (0.23%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
15 8 (0.23%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 343 (9.69%) Microsoft
2 214 (6.04%) Oracle
3 125 (3.53%) SAP
4 105 (2.97%) HP
5 87 (2.46%) Salesforce.com
6 57 (1.61%) Adobe
7 56 (1.58%) New Relic
8 55 (1.55%) Red Hat
9 52 (1.47%) Splunk
10 50 (1.41%) IBM
11 44 (1.24%) Google
12 42 (1.19%) Atlassian
12 42 (1.19%) hybris
13 37 (1.04%) VMware
14 33 (0.93%) Tableau
15 31 (0.88%) ATG
16 29 (0.82%) AppDynamics
17 26 (0.73%) Sybase
18 24 (0.68%) Sitecore
19 22 (0.62%) MuleSoft