Period
to 10 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 10 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 70 75 79
Rank change year-on-year +5 +4 -7
Contract jobs citing QA 1,088 2,829 3,285
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.11% 3.08% 3.18%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 29.91% 30.01% 27.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 745 1,825 2,212
Median daily rate £460 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £310 £300
90th Percentile £625 £610 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 67 38
Median hourly rate £27.30 £29.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.86% -3.33% +66.67%
10th Percentile £12.95 £9.65 £10.85
90th Percentile £39.13 £48.00 £51.23
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £24.25 £28.00
% change year-on-year -11.34% -13.39% +55.56%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 3,638 9,426 11,818
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.39% 10.28% 11.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,126 5,832 7,499
Median daily rate £458 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.67% - +0.56%
10th Percentile £256 £228 £250
90th Percentile £645 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +1.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 187 425 384
Median hourly rate £26.50 £22.00 £23.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.45% -5.38% +6.16%
10th Percentile £11.82 £10.92 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.85 £53.75 £52.50
Median hourly rate £22.55 £23.17 £22.00
% change year-on-year -2.70% +5.32% +10.00%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA.

Daily rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA.

Hourly rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 10 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 968 £463 +2.78% 352
London +9 553 £480 +1.05% 120
UK excluding London -2 487 £450 +5.88% 253
North of England +16 138 £450 +7.14% 68
South East -21 121 £400 -11.11% 52
North West +59 102 £450 - 31
Work from Home +27 96 £450 -4.26% 44
Midlands +37 69 £431 +7.81% 42
Scotland +35 66 £450 +12.50% 13
East of England +13 43 £500 +21.21% 29
West Midlands +40 40 £438 +9.38% 23
South West -24 31 £463 +8.82% 39
East Midlands +33 28 £440 +10.00% 18
Yorkshire -1 24 £470 +27.03% 20
Wales +12 13 £608 +48.62% 9
North East -16 12 £468 +10.00% 17
Northern Ireland +18 7 £431 +2.62% 1

For the 6 months to 10 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 483 (44.39%) Agile Software Development
2 338 (31.07%) Test Automation
3 269 (24.72%) Java
4 251 (23.07%) Finance
5 196 (18.01%) DevOps
6 188 (17.28%) SQL
7 172 (15.81%) Scrum
8 163 (14.98%) JIRA
8 163 (14.98%) Selenium
9 160 (14.71%) Azure
10 156 (14.34%) JavaScript
11 150 (13.79%) Security Cleared
12 145 (13.33%) BDD
13 131 (12.04%) Oracle
13 131 (12.04%) Jenkins
14 127 (11.67%) AWS
14 127 (11.67%) Continuous Integration
15 126 (11.58%) Git (software)
16 125 (11.49%) SC Cleared
17 122 (11.21%) TDD
18 109 (10.02%) Python
19 107 (9.83%) Linux
19 107 (9.83%) Microsoft
19 107 (9.83%) Public Sector
20 106 (9.74%) C#
21 103 (9.47%) Analytical Skills
22 101 (9.28%) Docker
22 101 (9.28%) User Acceptance Testing
23 98 (9.01%) SDLC
24 95 (8.73%) Problem-Solving

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (5.33%) Confluence
2 28 (2.57%) SharePoint
3 17 (1.56%) Apache
3 17 (1.56%) WebSphere
4 14 (1.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 10 (0.92%) Appian
6 9 (0.83%) Elasticsearch
7 8 (0.74%) IIS
7 8 (0.74%) SAS
7 8 (0.74%) Umbraco
8 7 (0.64%) CMS
8 7 (0.64%) Tomcat
9 6 (0.55%) JBoss
9 6 (0.55%) Magnolia
9 6 (0.55%) WebLogic
9 6 (0.55%) WebSphere Application Server
10 5 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
10 5 (0.46%) Mule
11 4 (0.37%) Apache Spark
11 4 (0.37%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 44 (4.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (3.22%) Microsoft Office
3 23 (2.11%) MS Visio
4 20 (1.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (1.10%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.46%) SPSS
7 4 (0.37%) Figma
8 2 (0.18%) InVision
8 2 (0.18%) Sketch
9 1 (0.092%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.092%) Revit
9 1 (0.092%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 11 (1.01%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.74%) Oracle EBS
2 8 (0.74%) Oracle ERP
2 8 (0.74%) SAP S/4HANA
3 6 (0.55%) Oracle Assets
3 6 (0.55%) Oracle Payables
3 6 (0.55%) Oracle Receivables
4 5 (0.46%) Front Arena
4 5 (0.46%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 4 (0.37%) Magento
5 4 (0.37%) Maximo
5 4 (0.37%) Oracle Cash Management
5 4 (0.37%) Oracle General Ledger
5 4 (0.37%) PeopleSoft Financials
5 4 (0.37%) Workday HCM
6 3 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.18%) Infor SunSystems
7 2 (0.18%) SAP FI
7 2 (0.18%) SAP HR
7 2 (0.18%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 160 (14.71%) Azure
2 127 (11.67%) AWS
3 31 (2.85%) Serverless
4 28 (2.57%) GCP
5 24 (2.21%) AWS CloudFormation
5 24 (2.21%) GitHub
5 24 (2.21%) PaaS
5 24 (2.21%) SaaS
6 22 (2.02%) Power Platform
7 21 (1.93%) AWS Lambda
8 19 (1.75%) Coveralls
9 17 (1.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 15 (1.38%) Office 365
11 12 (1.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 11 (1.01%) IaaS
12 11 (1.01%) Logic Apps
12 11 (1.01%) OpenShift
13 10 (0.92%) AWS CloudTrail
13 10 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
14 9 (0.83%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 40 (3.68%) DNS
2 25 (2.30%) HTTP
3 20 (1.84%) Firewall
4 19 (1.75%) WAN
5 18 (1.65%) LAN
6 17 (1.56%) TCP/IP
7 16 (1.47%) Internet
8 13 (1.19%) MPLS
9 12 (1.10%) Unified Communications
10 11 (1.01%) SSL
10 11 (1.01%) VPN
11 10 (0.92%) Ethernet
12 9 (0.83%) BGP
12 9 (0.83%) EIGRP
12 9 (0.83%) FTP
12 9 (0.83%) OSPF
13 8 (0.74%) IPsec
13 8 (0.74%) Network Security
13 8 (0.74%) SNMP
14 7 (0.64%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (7.44%) Relational Database
2 77 (7.08%) SQL Server
3 59 (5.42%) Data Warehouse
4 48 (4.41%) MySQL
5 38 (3.49%) RDBMS
6 35 (3.22%) NoSQL
7 24 (2.21%) Big Data
8 21 (1.93%) MongoDB
8 21 (1.93%) Power BI
9 20 (1.84%) Data Lake
10 19 (1.75%) Apache Cassandra
11 18 (1.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 17 (1.56%) Amazon RDS
12 17 (1.56%) OLAP
12 17 (1.56%) PostgreSQL
13 15 (1.38%) Redis
14 14 (1.29%) Pentaho
15 13 (1.19%) Cosmos DB
16 11 (1.01%) Amazon Athena
16 11 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 163 (14.98%) JIRA
1 163 (14.98%) Selenium
2 131 (12.04%) Jenkins
3 126 (11.58%) Git (software)
4 95 (8.73%) Cucumber
5 69 (6.34%) JMeter
5 69 (6.34%) JUnit
6 44 (4.04%) WebDriver
7 43 (3.95%) SoapUI
8 42 (3.86%) Maven
9 37 (3.40%) TeamCity
10 33 (3.03%) SonarQube
11 32 (2.94%) Gradle
11 32 (2.94%) REST Assured
12 31 (2.85%) Postman
13 29 (2.67%) GitLab
14 27 (2.48%) Jasmine
15 24 (2.21%) SpecFlow
16 22 (2.02%) Cypress.io
17 21 (1.93%) Mocha
General
1 251 (23.07%) Finance
2 107 (9.83%) Public Sector
3 91 (8.36%) Banking
4 34 (3.13%) Telecoms
5 27 (2.48%) Legal
6 25 (2.30%) Retail
7 19 (1.75%) Marketing
8 18 (1.65%) Investment Banking
8 18 (1.65%) Manufacturing
9 15 (1.38%) Pharmaceutical
10 11 (1.01%) Front Office
11 10 (0.92%) Advertising
11 10 (0.92%) Retail Banking
12 9 (0.83%) Back Office
13 8 (0.74%) Financial Institution
13 8 (0.74%) Law
14 7 (0.64%) Games
15 6 (0.55%) Electronics
15 6 (0.55%) Police
16 5 (0.46%) German Language
Job Titles
1 231 (21.23%) Developer
2 159 (14.61%) Analyst
3 103 (9.47%) Tester
4 80 (7.35%) QA Engineer
5 62 (5.70%) QA Tester
6 54 (4.96%) QA Analyst
7 53 (4.87%) Test Analyst
8 43 (3.95%) Test Engineer
9 41 (3.77%) Architect
10 33 (3.03%) QA Automation Engineer
11 32 (2.94%) .NET Developer
11 32 (2.94%) Java Developer
11 32 (2.94%) Test Manager
12 31 (2.85%) Business Analyst
13 29 (2.67%) Project Manager
13 29 (2.67%) Senior Developer
14 28 (2.57%) Automation Tester
15 26 (2.39%) Consultant
16 23 (2.11%) AWS Engineer
16 23 (2.11%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 91 (8.36%) .NET
2 88 (8.09%) REST
3 84 (7.72%) HTML
4 62 (5.70%) Web Services
5 60 (5.51%) CSS
6 53 (4.87%) Spring
7 49 (4.50%) Gherkin
8 48 (4.41%) XML
9 40 (3.68%) ASP.NET
10 39 (3.58%) SOAP
11 38 (3.49%) JSON
11 38 (3.49%) Node.js
12 37 (3.40%) Spring Boot
13 36 (3.31%) HTML5
14 34 (3.13%) React
15 31 (2.85%) AngularJS
16 29 (2.67%) Redux
16 29 (2.67%) RESTful
17 27 (2.48%) FIX Protocol
18 23 (2.11%) Jest
Miscellaneous
1 103 (9.47%) Analytical Skills
2 80 (7.35%) User Experience
3 41 (3.77%) Management Information System
4 36 (3.31%) Mobile App
5 32 (2.94%) Self-Motivation
6 31 (2.85%) Greenfield Project
7 30 (2.76%) Enterprise Software
8 18 (1.65%) Data Centre
9 14 (1.29%) Data Structures
9 14 (1.29%) Virtual Team
10 11 (1.01%) Algorithms
10 11 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 11 (1.01%) Linux Command Line
10 11 (1.01%) W3C
11 9 (0.83%) NHS
12 8 (0.74%) SCORM
13 7 (0.64%) Equities
13 7 (0.64%) Public Cloud
14 6 (0.55%) Reference Data
14 6 (0.55%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 107 (9.83%) Linux
2 92 (8.46%) Windows
3 80 (7.35%) Unix
4 47 (4.32%) Android
5 35 (3.22%) Apple iOS
6 28 (2.57%) Windows 10
7 15 (1.38%) Windows Server
8 14 (1.29%) Windows 7
9 12 (1.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 9 (0.83%) VME
11 7 (0.64%) Windows Server 2016
12 4 (0.37%) SUSE
13 3 (0.28%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.28%) Solaris
13 3 (0.28%) Ubuntu
13 3 (0.28%) Windows Mobile
13 3 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
14 2 (0.18%) AIX
14 2 (0.18%) tvOS
15 1 (0.092%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 483 (44.39%) Agile Software Development
2 338 (31.07%) Test Automation
3 196 (18.01%) DevOps
4 172 (15.81%) Scrum
5 145 (13.33%) BDD
6 127 (11.67%) Continuous Integration
7 122 (11.21%) TDD
8 101 (9.28%) User Acceptance Testing
9 98 (9.01%) SDLC
10 95 (8.73%) Problem-Solving
11 94 (8.64%) Performance Testing
12 93 (8.55%) Test Scripting
13 87 (8.00%) Regression Testing
13 87 (8.00%) Test Strategy
14 86 (7.90%) Migration
15 83 (7.63%) Microservices
16 82 (7.54%) Project Management
17 71 (6.53%) Continuous Improvement
18 68 (6.25%) Unit Testing
19 66 (6.07%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 269 (24.72%) Java
2 188 (17.28%) SQL
3 156 (14.34%) JavaScript
4 109 (10.02%) Python
5 106 (9.74%) C#
6 32 (2.94%) Bash Shell
6 32 (2.94%) Java 8
7 30 (2.76%) Shell Script
8 26 (2.39%) PowerShell
9 23 (2.11%) Ruby
9 23 (2.11%) TypeScript
10 20 (1.84%) PL/SQL
10 20 (1.84%) VBA
11 18 (1.65%) C++
12 17 (1.56%) T-SQL
13 16 (1.47%) Groovy
13 16 (1.47%) Perl
14 12 (1.10%) C
15 11 (1.01%) COBOL
15 11 (1.01%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 150 (13.79%) Security Cleared
2 125 (11.49%) SC Cleared
3 83 (7.63%) Degree
4 46 (4.23%) ISTQB
5 45 (4.14%) ISEB
6 37 (3.40%) BPSS Clearance
7 35 (3.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 24 (2.21%) Computer Science Degree
9 17 (1.56%) DV Cleared
10 14 (1.29%) Master's Degree
11 13 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
12 12 (1.10%) BC Cleared
13 9 (0.83%) CCNA
13 9 (0.83%) CCNP
14 7 (0.64%) CCDP
14 7 (0.64%) CCIP
14 7 (0.64%) PMP
15 6 (0.55%) AWS Certification
15 6 (0.55%) CISSP
15 6 (0.55%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (2.02%) Data Quality
2 18 (1.65%) PMO
3 16 (1.47%) GDPR
4 15 (1.38%) SLA
5 12 (1.10%) WCAG
6 11 (1.01%) ISO 9001
7 8 (0.74%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.64%) ISO 14001
9 6 (0.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 4 (0.37%) COBIT
10 4 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
10 4 (0.37%) GxP
10 4 (0.37%) NIST
11 3 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 3 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.28%) EMIR
11 3 (0.28%) ISO 13485
11 3 (0.28%) MiFID
11 3 (0.28%) NIST 800
12 2 (0.18%) P3O
System Software
1 101 (9.28%) Docker
2 31 (2.85%) Active Directory
3 16 (1.47%) Hyper-V
4 13 (1.19%) Microsoft App-V
5 8 (0.74%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.55%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.28%) Apache Flume
7 3 (0.28%) vSphere
8 2 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.092%) Firmware
9 1 (0.092%) Virtual Machines
9 1 (0.092%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.092%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.092%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 44 (4.04%) Kubernetes
2 35 (3.22%) Opscode Chef
3 28 (2.57%) Terraform
4 27 (2.48%) Ansible
4 27 (2.48%) Puppet
5 19 (1.75%) SCCM
6 8 (0.74%) HP ALM
7 7 (0.64%) AppDNA
8 6 (0.55%) HP Quality Center
8 6 (0.55%) Nagios
9 5 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
9 5 (0.46%) Rancher
10 4 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
10 4 (0.37%) ZABBIX
11 3 (0.28%) Microsoft Intune
11 3 (0.28%) Salt
11 3 (0.28%) SCOM
12 2 (0.18%) Cisco Prime
12 2 (0.18%) Nessus
12 2 (0.18%) TrustSec
Vendors
1 131 (12.04%) Oracle
2 107 (9.83%) Microsoft
3 35 (3.22%) SAP
4 29 (2.67%) Cisco
5 24 (2.21%) Splunk
6 21 (1.93%) IBM
7 20 (1.84%) Salesforce.com
8 19 (1.75%) HP
9 18 (1.65%) Google
10 15 (1.38%) Citrix
11 14 (1.29%) Cognos
12 13 (1.19%) Red Hat
13 12 (1.10%) VMware
14 11 (1.01%) AppDynamics
15 10 (0.92%) CA Agile Central
15 10 (0.92%) Juniper
16 9 (0.83%) Databricks
17 8 (0.74%) Dell
17 8 (0.74%) ICL
18 7 (0.64%) Remedy