Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 66 75 77
Rank change year-on-year +9 +2 0
Contract jobs citing QA 3,055 2,107 1,244
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.41% 3.18% 3.01%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 26.07% 25.68% 26.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,112 1,441 825
10th Percentile £350 £313 £300
25th Percentile £425 £381 £360
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £613 £569 £555
90th Percentile £719 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £420 £438
% change year-on-year +7.14% -4.00% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 56 60 44
10th Percentile £14.76 £12.50 £12.89
25th Percentile £20.81 £14.82 £17.78
Median hourly rate £36.43 £20.00 £20.01
Median % change year-on-year +82.13% -0.06% -11.55%
75th Percentile £56.00 £26.06 £28.21
90th Percentile £67.43 £38.75 £38.73
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +150.00% -5.00% -10.54%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 11,718 8,205 4,681
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.08% 12.37% 11.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,099 5,479 2,946
10th Percentile £297 £263 £260
25th Percentile £413 £366 £356
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £475 £465
Median % change year-on-year +10.53% +2.15% +3.33%
75th Percentile £625 £575 £563
90th Percentile £725 £675 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £465 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +9.41% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 300 340 200
10th Percentile £12.46 £11.36 £12.74
25th Percentile £16.25 £14.00 £17.00
Median hourly rate £27.00 £21.00 £22.50
Median % change year-on-year +28.57% -6.67% +0.65%
75th Percentile £50.19 £39.13 £45.00
90th Percentile £69.40 £58.38 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £19.75 £20.56
% change year-on-year +11.39% -3.95% -11.90%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing QA.

Daily rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing QA.

Hourly rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +11 2,527 £525 +10.53% 796
Work from Home +3 1,501 £505 +6.32% 319
London +8 1,472 £550 +8.91% 262
UK excluding London +17 973 £450 +7.14% 596
South East +46 314 £450 +5.88% 137
North of England -6 219 £460 +4.55% 141
Midlands -9 170 £455 +16.17% 118
West Midlands +3 144 £461 +15.19% 68
North West -7 135 £450 +5.88% 81
East of England +32 92 £450 +28.57% 57
Scotland +10 91 £464 +15.94% 39
South West -8 70 £525 +16.67% 75
Yorkshire -1 64 £450 - 41
East Midlands -32 25 £425 +14.86% 50
North East -3 21 £500 +11.11% 19
Wales -19 15 £475 - 21
Northern Ireland +6 9 £445 +17.72% 8

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for QA.

1 1,468 (48.05%) Agile
2 879 (28.77%) Social Skills
3 866 (28.35%) Test Automation
4 683 (22.36%) Finance
5 652 (21.34%) DevOps
6 620 (20.29%) SQL
7 570 (18.66%) Azure
8 548 (17.94%) Java
9 491 (16.07%) Scrum
10 483 (15.81%) JIRA
11 457 (14.96%) CI/CD
12 447 (14.63%) JavaScript
13 395 (12.93%) Problem-Solving
14 383 (12.54%) Python
15 369 (12.08%) Microsoft
16 357 (11.69%) Analytical Skills
17 352 (11.52%) Selenium
18 329 (10.77%) Security Cleared
19 321 (10.51%) User Acceptance Testing
20 318 (10.41%) AWS
21 314 (10.28%) Public Sector
22 300 (9.82%) Analytics
22 300 (9.82%) TDD
23 298 (9.75%) C#
24 293 (9.59%) Jenkins
25 292 (9.56%) Project Management
26 286 (9.36%) User Stories
27 285 (9.33%) Microservices
28 282 (9.23%) Stakeholder Management
29 281 (9.20%) SC Cleared

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 206 (6.74%) Confluence
2 52 (1.70%) SharePoint
3 35 (1.15%) Apache
3 35 (1.15%) CMS
4 31 (1.01%) SAS
5 24 (0.79%) IIS
6 22 (0.72%) Apache Spark
7 19 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 15 (0.49%) Tomcat
9 14 (0.46%) Apache Airflow
9 14 (0.46%) WebLogic
10 13 (0.43%) JBoss
11 12 (0.39%) Drupal
12 11 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
13 10 (0.33%) Ethereum
13 10 (0.33%) WebSphere
14 7 (0.23%) Jupyter
14 7 (0.23%) nginx
15 6 (0.20%) SharePoint 2013
16 5 (0.16%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 117 (3.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 99 (3.24%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (1.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 40 (1.31%) MS Visio
5 32 (1.05%) Microsoft Project
6 30 (0.98%) Sketch
7 17 (0.56%) InVision
8 13 (0.43%) Zeplin
9 7 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
10 4 (0.13%) AutoCAD
11 3 (0.098%) Camtasia
11 3 (0.098%) Open Workbench
11 3 (0.098%) Revit
12 2 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.065%) Snagit
12 2 (0.065%) UXPin
13 1 (0.033%) InDesign
13 1 (0.033%) Maya
13 1 (0.033%) SOLIDWORKS
13 1 (0.033%) Stata
Business Applications
1 36 (1.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.65%) SAP S/4HANA
3 16 (0.52%) SAP FI-CA
3 16 (0.52%) SAP PSCD
4 15 (0.49%) SAP HCM
5 14 (0.46%) SAP FI
6 13 (0.43%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 12 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
7 12 (0.39%) NetSuite
8 11 (0.36%) SAP CO
8 11 (0.36%) SAP FI/CO
9 9 (0.29%) Shopify
10 8 (0.26%) Oracle Payroll
11 7 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
11 7 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 7 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
11 7 (0.23%) SAP Payroll
12 6 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
13 5 (0.16%) Fidessa
13 5 (0.16%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 570 (18.66%) Azure
2 318 (10.41%) AWS
3 210 (6.87%) Azure DevOps
4 145 (4.75%) GCP
5 131 (4.29%) Power Platform
6 111 (3.63%) SaaS
7 88 (2.88%) GitHub
8 69 (2.26%) Serverless
9 66 (2.16%) Dynamics 365
10 63 (2.06%) Microsoft 365
11 50 (1.64%) PaaS
12 48 (1.57%) BrowserStack
13 39 (1.28%) IaaS
14 37 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
15 35 (1.15%) Sauce Labs
16 33 (1.08%) AWS CloudFormation
17 32 (1.05%) Azure Data Factory
18 30 (0.98%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 29 (0.95%) Tricentis Tosca
20 28 (0.92%) Figma
Communications & Networking
1 64 (2.09%) DNS
2 50 (1.64%) Firewall
3 37 (1.21%) DHCP
4 35 (1.15%) Internet
5 33 (1.08%) WAN
6 18 (0.59%) TCP/IP
7 17 (0.56%) HTTP
8 16 (0.52%) VPN
9 14 (0.46%) LAN
9 14 (0.46%) SD-WAN
9 14 (0.46%) SSL
10 13 (0.43%) FIX Connectivity
11 12 (0.39%) MPLS
11 12 (0.39%) Network Security
11 12 (0.39%) VoIP
12 10 (0.33%) 5G
12 10 (0.33%) IPsec
12 10 (0.33%) LTE
13 9 (0.29%) Intranet
13 9 (0.29%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 123 (4.03%) SQL Server
2 102 (3.34%) Power BI
3 95 (3.11%) NoSQL
4 78 (2.55%) Data Warehouse
4 78 (2.55%) Relational Database
5 70 (2.29%) Big Data
6 69 (2.26%) PostgreSQL
7 68 (2.23%) MongoDB
8 66 (2.16%) MySQL
9 63 (2.06%) Oracle Database
10 47 (1.54%) Tableau
11 34 (1.11%) Amazon Redshift
12 33 (1.08%) Data Lake
13 32 (1.05%) Amazon RDS
13 32 (1.05%) DynamoDB
13 32 (1.05%) Metadata
14 29 (0.95%) BigQuery
15 26 (0.85%) RDBMS
16 24 (0.79%) Pentaho
17 22 (0.72%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 483 (15.81%) JIRA
2 352 (11.52%) Selenium
3 293 (9.59%) Jenkins
4 261 (8.54%) Git (software)
5 224 (7.33%) Cucumber
6 173 (5.66%) Postman
7 132 (4.32%) Cypress.io
8 113 (3.70%) JMeter
9 104 (3.40%) SpecFlow
10 89 (2.91%) GitLab
11 86 (2.82%) Bitbucket
12 77 (2.52%) SoapUI
13 75 (2.45%) Maven
14 69 (2.26%) TeamCity
15 53 (1.73%) REST Assured
16 51 (1.67%) Gatling
17 50 (1.64%) Protractor
18 45 (1.47%) JUnit
19 44 (1.44%) WebDriver
20 35 (1.15%) TestCafe
General
1 879 (28.77%) Social Skills
2 683 (22.36%) Finance
3 357 (11.69%) Analytical Skills
4 314 (10.28%) Public Sector
5 243 (7.95%) Banking
6 127 (4.16%) Retail
7 118 (3.86%) Front Office
8 103 (3.37%) Presentation Skills
9 88 (2.88%) Investment Banking
10 78 (2.55%) Telecoms
11 74 (2.42%) Legal
12 58 (1.90%) Influencing Skills
13 55 (1.80%) Marketing
14 54 (1.77%) Organisational Skills
15 43 (1.41%) Law
16 42 (1.37%) Financial Institution
17 37 (1.21%) Documentation Skills
18 35 (1.15%) Games
19 29 (0.95%) Retail Banking
20 27 (0.88%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 521 (17.05%) Analyst
2 469 (15.35%) Developer
3 228 (7.46%) QA Engineer
4 227 (7.43%) Tester
5 184 (6.02%) Architect
6 167 (5.47%) Test Analyst
7 160 (5.24%) Business Analyst
8 132 (4.32%) Project Manager
9 116 (3.80%) QA Tester
10 112 (3.67%) Java Developer
11 111 (3.63%) Test Manager
12 102 (3.34%) Test Engineer
13 89 (2.91%) Consultant
14 85 (2.78%) Software Engineer
15 84 (2.75%) QA Analyst
16 80 (2.62%) Senior Developer
17 78 (2.55%) Automation Tester
18 73 (2.39%) Designer
19 69 (2.26%) Test Leader
20 65 (2.13%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 268 (8.77%) .NET
2 240 (7.86%) React
3 197 (6.45%) REST
4 187 (6.12%) HTML
5 162 (5.30%) Node.js
6 154 (5.04%) RESTful
7 153 (5.01%) CSS
8 140 (4.58%) AngularJS
9 121 (3.96%) JSON
10 120 (3.93%) Spring
11 113 (3.70%) Web Services
12 101 (3.31%) Spring Boot
13 99 (3.24%) Kafka
14 98 (3.21%) XML
15 78 (2.55%) Play Framework
16 76 (2.49%) GraphQL
17 74 (2.42%) .NET Framework
18 73 (2.39%) SOAP
19 71 (2.32%) Gherkin
20 62 (2.03%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 173 (5.66%) User Experience
2 80 (2.62%) Mobile App
3 79 (2.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 76 (2.49%) Management Information System
5 60 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
5 60 (1.96%) Virtual Team
6 59 (1.93%) Legacy Systems
7 51 (1.67%) Enterprise Software
7 51 (1.67%) Equities
8 49 (1.60%) Fixed Income
8 49 (1.60%) Hedge funds
9 46 (1.51%) Cloud Native
10 44 (1.44%) Greenfield Project
11 38 (1.24%) Data Structures
12 37 (1.21%) Public Cloud
13 28 (0.92%) NHS
14 27 (0.88%) Data Centre
14 27 (0.88%) Derivative
15 24 (0.79%) Clustering
16 21 (0.69%) Data Protection Act
Operating Systems
1 196 (6.42%) Linux
2 172 (5.63%) Windows
3 121 (3.96%) Unix
4 47 (1.54%) Android
5 44 (1.44%) Windows 10
6 42 (1.37%) Apple iOS
7 28 (0.92%) Windows Server 2008
8 27 (0.88%) Windows 7
9 26 (0.85%) Windows Server 2003
10 23 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 23 (0.75%) Windows Server
11 14 (0.46%) Solaris
12 12 (0.39%) Ubuntu
13 9 (0.29%) AIX
14 8 (0.26%) CentOS
15 7 (0.23%) VMS
16 6 (0.20%) Mac OS
17 4 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
18 3 (0.098%) Windows Server 2019
19 2 (0.065%) RTLinux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,468 (48.05%) Agile
2 866 (28.35%) Test Automation
3 652 (21.34%) DevOps
4 491 (16.07%) Scrum
5 457 (14.96%) CI/CD
6 395 (12.93%) Problem-Solving
7 321 (10.51%) User Acceptance Testing
8 300 (9.82%) Analytics
8 300 (9.82%) TDD
9 292 (9.56%) Project Management
10 286 (9.36%) User Stories
11 285 (9.33%) Microservices
12 282 (9.23%) Stakeholder Management
13 268 (8.77%) Software Testing
14 264 (8.64%) SDLC
15 262 (8.58%) Continuous Improvement
16 261 (8.54%) Test Strategy
17 253 (8.28%) Continuous Integration
18 228 (7.46%) BDD
18 228 (7.46%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 620 (20.29%) SQL
2 548 (17.94%) Java
3 447 (14.63%) JavaScript
4 383 (12.54%) Python
5 298 (9.75%) C#
6 148 (4.84%) TypeScript
7 119 (3.90%) Scala
8 79 (2.59%) PowerShell
9 75 (2.45%) PL/SQL
10 49 (1.60%) R
11 45 (1.47%) C++
12 42 (1.37%) Groovy
13 34 (1.11%) Bash
14 27 (0.88%) T-SQL
15 25 (0.82%) VBScript
16 24 (0.79%) Go
16 24 (0.79%) Perl
17 23 (0.75%) C
18 21 (0.69%) PHP
19 20 (0.65%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 329 (10.77%) Security Cleared
2 281 (9.20%) SC Cleared
3 189 (6.19%) Degree
4 152 (4.98%) ISTQB
5 76 (2.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 66 (2.16%) ISEB
7 43 (1.41%) PMP
8 36 (1.18%) BPSS Clearance
9 27 (0.88%) Computer Science Degree
10 22 (0.72%) DV Cleared
11 20 (0.65%) PMI Certification
12 16 (0.52%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
13 13 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
13 13 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
14 12 (0.39%) CCNA
15 11 (0.36%) AWS Certification
15 11 (0.36%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 11 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
16 10 (0.33%) APMP
16 10 (0.33%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 117 (3.83%) Accessibility
2 83 (2.72%) Data Quality
3 64 (2.09%) PMO
4 59 (1.93%) GDPR
5 49 (1.60%) WCAG
6 48 (1.57%) SLA
7 14 (0.46%) EMIR
7 14 (0.46%) NIST
8 10 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
8 10 (0.33%) GRC
8 10 (0.33%) MiFID
9 7 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 7 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 6 (0.20%) Dodd-Frank
11 5 (0.16%) GxP
11 5 (0.16%) IFRS
11 5 (0.16%) IFRS 17
11 5 (0.16%) ISO 9001
11 5 (0.16%) NCSC
12 4 (0.13%) JSP 440
System Software
1 211 (6.91%) Docker
2 74 (2.42%) Active Directory
3 56 (1.83%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (0.82%) VMware ESXi
5 23 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
6 19 (0.62%) XenApp
7 12 (0.39%) Hyper-V
8 11 (0.36%) vSphere
9 9 (0.29%) Virtual Desktop
10 7 (0.23%) DFS Replication
10 7 (0.23%) HDFS
11 5 (0.16%) PowerHA
12 4 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
13 3 (0.098%) Citrix Hypervisor
13 3 (0.098%) MetaFrame
13 3 (0.098%) NFS
13 3 (0.098%) VMware NSX
14 2 (0.065%) Oracle RAC
15 1 (0.033%) Citrix Presentation Server
15 1 (0.033%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 179 (5.86%) Kubernetes
2 104 (3.40%) Terraform
3 76 (2.49%) Ansible
4 33 (1.08%) SCCM
5 30 (0.98%) HP ALM
6 26 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
7 18 (0.59%) Grafana
8 17 (0.56%) Puppet
9 16 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
10 13 (0.43%) Consul
11 8 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
11 8 (0.26%) Kibana
12 7 (0.23%) MIIS
12 7 (0.23%) SCVMM
13 6 (0.20%) Microsoft Intune
13 6 (0.20%) Red Hat Satellite
13 6 (0.20%) SELinux
13 6 (0.20%) vRealize
14 5 (0.16%) logstash
14 5 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 369 (12.08%) Microsoft
2 247 (8.09%) Oracle
3 159 (5.20%) SAP
4 82 (2.68%) Salesforce.com
4 82 (2.68%) VMware
5 72 (2.36%) Google
6 59 (1.93%) Citrix
7 55 (1.80%) Cisco
8 48 (1.57%) HP
9 38 (1.24%) Adobe
10 36 (1.18%) ServiceNow
11 33 (1.08%) Red Hat
12 32 (1.05%) Atlassian
12 32 (1.05%) Splunk
13 30 (0.98%) Databricks
13 30 (0.98%) IBM
14 26 (0.85%) Symantec
15 25 (0.82%) SolarWinds
16 23 (0.75%) Informatica
17 22 (0.72%) Remedy