Period
to 19 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for QA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited QA over the 6 months to 19 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Quality Assurance (QA)
UK
6 months to
19 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 66 71 59
Rank change year-on-year +5 -12 +2
Contract jobs citing QA 3255 3235 3598
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.27% 3.04% 3.15%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 26.43% 26.48% 26.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 2284 2164 2342
UK median daily rate £426 £414 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.99% +3.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £297 £263 £263
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £388 £375
% change year-on-year - +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 45 61 60
UK median hourly rate £21.90 £18.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.67% -16.28% +7.50%
10th Percentile £10.12 £7.88 £10.54
90th Percentile £40.87 £40.00 £55.98
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.25 £14.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year +51.79% -56.92% +66.67%

QA is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 12316 12215 13504
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.39% 11.48% 11.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 8077 7902 8633
UK median daily rate £438 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.93% +3.25% -
10th Percentile £256 £225 £230
90th Percentile £630 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £380
% change year-on-year +6.67% -1.32% +4.83%
Number of hourly rates quoted 364 447 464
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £22.50 £21.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.11% +4.41% +7.75%
10th Percentile £10.61 £10.50 £11.00
90th Percentile £47.68 £47.50 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £21.55
% change year-on-year -20.00% +16.01% +10.51%

QA
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing QA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing QA.

Contractor daily rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 19 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA.

Contractor hourly rate trend for QA in the UK

QA
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing QA over the 6 months to 19 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for QA in the UK

QA
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing QA within the UK over the 6 months to 19 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 3077 £439 +3.24% 827
London +12 1749 £475 +5.56% 415
UK excluding London +3 1470 £388 - 435
South East +21 557 £388 +3.33% 122
North of England -9 248 £425 +7.59% 127
South West +5 186 £375 -6.25% 45
Midlands +1 183 £375 - 68
East of England -20 143 £400 -5.88% 51
Scotland -5 122 £338 -3.57% 16
Yorkshire +28 113 £425 +13.33% 33
West Midlands +6 108 £350 -6.67% 35
North West -33 108 £446 +11.56% 83
East Midlands -11 73 £400 - 33
North East +20 44 £425 +6.25% 11
Wales -22 23 £375 -11.76% 5
Northern Ireland -48 9 £310 -20.00% 2
Channel Islands - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 19 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing QA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for QA.

1 1415 (43.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1030 (31.64%) Test Automation
3 790 (24.27%) Java
4 733 (22.52%) Finance
5 563 (17.30%) SQL
6 540 (16.59%) Scrum
7 514 (15.79%) TDD
8 474 (14.56%) JavaScript
9 439 (13.49%) Selenium
10 435 (13.36%) BDD
11 429 (13.18%) Git (software)
12 417 (12.81%) JIRA
13 403 (12.38%) Continuous Integration
14 376 (11.55%) Project Management
15 341 (10.48%) Analytical Skills
16 336 (10.32%) Banking
17 334 (10.26%) Jenkins
18 328 (10.08%) Web Services
19 321 (9.86%) C#
20 320 (9.83%) Cucumber
21 317 (9.74%) User Acceptance Testing
22 311 (9.55%) SDLC
23 307 (9.43%) Microsoft
24 295 (9.06%) HTML
25 286 (8.79%) .NET
26 281 (8.63%) Software Engineering
27 279 (8.57%) Degree
27 279 (8.57%) Linux
28 254 (7.80%) Python
29 250 (7.68%) CSS

QA
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (3.78%) Confluence
2 76 (2.33%) CMS
3 71 (2.18%) Apache Spark
4 63 (1.94%) SharePoint
5 60 (1.84%) Apache
6 55 (1.69%) WebSphere
7 48 (1.47%) JBoss
8 47 (1.44%) Tomcat
9 32 (0.98%) Elasticsearch
10 28 (0.86%) SAS
11 26 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 23 (0.71%) WebSphere Application Server
13 22 (0.68%) WebLogic
14 20 (0.61%) Apache Solr
14 20 (0.61%) nginx
15 19 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
16 18 (0.55%) Drupal
17 16 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 15 (0.46%) Sitecore CMS
19 13 (0.40%) IIS
Applications
1 155 (4.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 104 (3.20%) Microsoft Office
3 76 (2.33%) Microsoft Project
4 72 (2.21%) MS Visio
5 64 (1.97%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 17 (0.52%) Spreadsheet
7 15 (0.46%) Photoshop
8 5 (0.15%) InVision
9 4 (0.12%) SPSS
9 4 (0.12%) Stata
10 3 (0.092%) Adobe Illustrator
10 3 (0.092%) Mingle
11 2 (0.061%) Acrobat
11 2 (0.061%) HipChat
11 2 (0.061%) InfoPath
12 1 (0.031%) GIMP
12 1 (0.031%) InDesign
12 1 (0.031%) OmniGraffle
12 1 (0.031%) RoboHelp
12 1 (0.031%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 44 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 17 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
3 16 (0.49%) Markit EDM
3 16 (0.49%) SAP Hybris
4 10 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 8 (0.25%) Maximo
5 8 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
6 7 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
7 6 (0.18%) Actimize
7 6 (0.18%) SAP ERP
8 5 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
8 5 (0.15%) SAP Payroll
8 5 (0.15%) thinkFolio
8 5 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
9 4 (0.12%) CA PPM
9 4 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
9 4 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
9 4 (0.12%) SimCorp Dimension
10 3 (0.092%) Adobe Campaign
10 3 (0.092%) Radian6
Cloud Services
1 243 (7.47%) Amazon AWS
2 121 (3.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 71 (2.18%) GitHub
4 44 (1.35%) PaaS
5 25 (0.77%) IaaS
5 25 (0.77%) Office 365
6 24 (0.74%) Google Cloud Platform
6 24 (0.74%) SaaS
7 21 (0.65%) npm
8 19 (0.58%) OpenShift
9 18 (0.55%) Sauce Labs
10 16 (0.49%) BrowserStack
11 14 (0.43%) Dynamics 365
11 14 (0.43%) Slack
12 12 (0.37%) Amazon EC2
13 11 (0.34%) Cloud Computing
13 11 (0.34%) Google Analytics
13 11 (0.34%) Serverless
14 10 (0.31%) BlazeMeter
14 10 (0.31%) Force.com
Communications & Networking
1 89 (2.73%) Internet
2 82 (2.52%) HTTP
3 67 (2.06%) Firewall
4 30 (0.92%) SMS
5 28 (0.86%) DNS
6 21 (0.65%) FTP
6 21 (0.65%) LAN
6 21 (0.65%) Wireless
7 18 (0.55%) WAN
8 16 (0.49%) LTE
8 16 (0.49%) TCP/IP
9 14 (0.43%) Wi-Fi
10 12 (0.37%) VPN
11 11 (0.34%) GSM
11 11 (0.34%) HSPA
11 11 (0.34%) WCDMA
12 10 (0.31%) SAN
13 9 (0.28%) IPv4
13 9 (0.28%) IPv6
13 9 (0.28%) LDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 214 (6.57%) SQL Server
2 158 (4.85%) MongoDB
3 141 (4.33%) Big Data
4 119 (3.66%) Relational Database
5 114 (3.50%) NoSQL
6 91 (2.80%) Hadoop
7 86 (2.64%) MySQL
8 85 (2.61%) Data Warehouse
9 53 (1.63%) Redis
10 50 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 38 (1.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 36 (1.11%) Oracle Database
13 35 (1.08%) RDBMS
14 33 (1.01%) Apache Hive
15 28 (0.86%) HBase
15 28 (0.86%) Power BI
16 27 (0.83%) Apache Cassandra
17 26 (0.80%) PostgreSQL
18 25 (0.77%) QlikView
19 21 (0.65%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 439 (13.49%) Selenium
2 429 (13.18%) Git (software)
3 417 (12.81%) JIRA
4 334 (10.26%) Jenkins
5 320 (9.83%) Cucumber
6 157 (4.82%) WebDriver
7 117 (3.59%) JUnit
8 105 (3.23%) SoapUI
9 100 (3.07%) TeamCity
10 98 (3.01%) SpecFlow
11 92 (2.83%) Team Foundation Server
12 78 (2.40%) IntelliJ
13 76 (2.33%) Grunt
14 73 (2.24%) Maven
14 73 (2.24%) Visual Studio
15 70 (2.15%) gulp
16 67 (2.06%) Appium
17 65 (2.00%) JMeter
18 54 (1.66%) Octopus Deploy
19 53 (1.63%) Protractor
General
1 733 (22.52%) Finance
2 336 (10.32%) Banking
3 183 (5.62%) Retail
4 119 (3.66%) Investment Banking
5 109 (3.35%) Marketing
6 89 (2.73%) Front Office
7 85 (2.61%) Telecoms
8 60 (1.84%) Publishing
9 56 (1.72%) Legal
10 50 (1.54%) Games
11 49 (1.51%) Financial Institution
12 46 (1.41%) Manufacturing
13 32 (0.98%) Back Office
14 29 (0.89%) Retail Banking
15 23 (0.71%) Advertising
15 23 (0.71%) Pharmaceutical
16 21 (0.65%) Billing
17 20 (0.61%) Corporate Banking
18 17 (0.52%) Electronics
19 13 (0.40%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 666 (20.46%) Developer
2 649 (19.94%) Analyst
3 373 (11.46%) Tester
4 224 (6.88%) Test Analyst
5 211 (6.48%) Business Analyst
5 211 (6.48%) QA Tester
6 198 (6.08%) QA Engineer
7 187 (5.75%) Architect
8 176 (5.41%) Java Developer
9 158 (4.85%) Project Manager
10 150 (4.61%) Automation Tester
11 130 (3.99%) QA Analyst
12 126 (3.87%) Test Engineer
13 95 (2.92%) Test Manager
14 92 (2.83%) .NET Developer
15 83 (2.55%) QA Test Analyst
16 79 (2.43%) C# Developer
17 76 (2.33%) Consultant
18 71 (2.18%) QA Leader
19 69 (2.12%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 328 (10.08%) Web Services
2 295 (9.06%) HTML
3 286 (8.79%) .NET
4 250 (7.68%) CSS
5 233 (7.16%) REST
6 190 (5.84%) SOAP
7 177 (5.44%) AngularJS
8 165 (5.07%) RESTful
9 161 (4.95%) XML
10 141 (4.33%) JSON
11 137 (4.21%) Spring
12 127 (3.90%) HTML5
13 117 (3.59%) React
14 114 (3.50%) Node.js
15 80 (2.46%) jQuery
16 78 (2.40%) J2EE
17 72 (2.21%) ASP.NET
18 71 (2.18%) Gherkin
19 61 (1.87%) Kafka
20 59 (1.81%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 341 (10.48%) Analytical Skills
2 189 (5.81%) User Experience
3 182 (5.59%) Mobile App
4 125 (3.84%) Computer Science
5 109 (3.35%) Management Information System
6 106 (3.26%) Derivative
7 88 (2.70%) Virtual Team
8 74 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
9 72 (2.21%) Equities
10 64 (1.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 63 (1.94%) Enterprise Software
12 53 (1.63%) Fixed Income
13 44 (1.35%) Fintech
14 38 (1.17%) Data Structures
15 36 (1.11%) Data Centre
15 36 (1.11%) OTC Derivatives
16 34 (1.04%) iPad
16 34 (1.04%) Linux Command Line
17 30 (0.92%) Replication
18 28 (0.86%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 279 (8.57%) Linux
2 209 (6.42%) Windows
3 168 (5.16%) Unix
4 130 (3.99%) Android
5 118 (3.63%) Apple iOS
6 46 (1.41%) Windows 10
7 43 (1.32%) Windows Server
8 42 (1.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 35 (1.08%) Windows 7
10 24 (0.74%) Mac OS X
11 22 (0.68%) Solaris
12 19 (0.58%) CentOS
12 19 (0.58%) Ubuntu
13 13 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
14 12 (0.37%) Windows Server 2008
15 8 (0.25%) AIX
16 7 (0.22%) Mac OS
17 3 (0.092%) Windows Vista
18 2 (0.061%) Windows Mobile
18 2 (0.061%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 1415 (43.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1030 (31.64%) Test Automation
3 540 (16.59%) Scrum
4 514 (15.79%) TDD
5 435 (13.36%) BDD
6 403 (12.38%) Continuous Integration
7 376 (11.55%) Project Management
8 317 (9.74%) User Acceptance Testing
9 311 (9.55%) SDLC
10 281 (8.63%) Software Engineering
11 240 (7.37%) DevOps
12 231 (7.10%) Stakeholder Management
13 229 (7.04%) E-Commerce
14 226 (6.94%) Kanban
15 220 (6.76%) Mentoring
16 213 (6.54%) Test Scripting
17 194 (5.96%) User Stories
18 192 (5.90%) Acceptance Criteria
19 185 (5.68%) Test Strategy
20 184 (5.65%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 790 (24.27%) Java
2 563 (17.30%) SQL
3 474 (14.56%) JavaScript
4 321 (9.86%) C#
5 254 (7.80%) Python
6 109 (3.35%) Ruby
7 101 (3.10%) Scala
8 95 (2.92%) C++
9 85 (2.61%) Groovy
10 79 (2.43%) PowerShell
11 69 (2.12%) Shell Script
12 68 (2.09%) Bash Shell
13 67 (2.06%) Perl
14 59 (1.81%) PHP
15 49 (1.51%) PL/SQL
16 44 (1.35%) Apple Swift
16 44 (1.35%) C
17 41 (1.26%) ES6
18 40 (1.23%) T-SQL
19 36 (1.11%) VBA
Qualifications
1 279 (8.57%) Degree
2 193 (5.93%) Security Cleared
3 123 (3.78%) SC Cleared
4 114 (3.50%) ISTQB
5 102 (3.13%) ISEB
6 70 (2.15%) Computer Science Degree
7 61 (1.87%) PMI Certification
8 49 (1.51%) PMP
9 42 (1.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 31 (0.95%) DV Cleared
11 30 (0.92%) PRINCE2 Certification
12 25 (0.77%) CISSP
13 24 (0.74%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
14 21 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
15 16 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
16 15 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
17 12 (0.37%) CEH
17 12 (0.37%) SANS
18 11 (0.34%) Microsoft Certification
19 10 (0.31%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 127 (3.90%) PMO
2 78 (2.40%) MiFID
3 68 (2.09%) Data Quality
4 31 (0.95%) EMIR
5 25 (0.77%) GDPR
6 20 (0.61%) ISO 9001
6 20 (0.61%) WCAG
7 19 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
7 19 (0.58%) Dodd-Frank
7 19 (0.58%) SLA
8 7 (0.22%) COBIT
8 7 (0.22%) GMP
9 6 (0.18%) PCI DSS
9 6 (0.18%) SEPA
9 6 (0.18%) WAI
10 5 (0.15%) AIFMD
11 4 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 4 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.092%) FINREP
12 3 (0.092%) GCP
System Software
1 116 (3.56%) Docker
2 41 (1.26%) Active Directory
3 37 (1.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 32 (0.98%) Microsoft App-V
5 14 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 12 (0.37%) HDFS
7 9 (0.28%) Apache Flume
7 9 (0.28%) Xen
8 7 (0.22%) Firmware
8 7 (0.22%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (0.22%) VirtualBox
9 5 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
9 5 (0.15%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 4 (0.12%) Hyper-V
10 4 (0.12%) NFS
10 4 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.092%) BitLocker
11 3 (0.092%) Cronacle
11 3 (0.092%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (0.092%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 90 (2.76%) Puppet
2 69 (2.12%) HP Quality Center
3 64 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
4 46 (1.41%) Ansible
5 41 (1.26%) SCCM
6 39 (1.20%) Kubernetes
7 26 (0.80%) Terraform
8 24 (0.74%) Grafana
8 24 (0.74%) Nagios
8 24 (0.74%) WMI
9 19 (0.58%) Kibana
10 14 (0.43%) HP SiteScope
11 12 (0.37%) logstash
12 10 (0.31%) ZABBIX
13 8 (0.25%) Galera Cluster
13 8 (0.25%) Graphite
13 8 (0.25%) Icinga
13 8 (0.25%) Prometheus
13 8 (0.25%) Rancher
13 8 (0.25%) SCOM
Vendors
1 307 (9.43%) Microsoft
2 215 (6.61%) Oracle
3 118 (3.63%) SAP
4 90 (2.76%) HP
5 59 (1.81%) Salesforce.com
6 55 (1.69%) New Relic
7 53 (1.63%) IBM
8 52 (1.60%) Red Hat
9 43 (1.32%) Adobe
9 43 (1.32%) hybris
10 42 (1.29%) Google
10 42 (1.29%) Splunk
11 41 (1.26%) VMware
12 34 (1.04%) Atlassian
13 31 (0.95%) ATG
14 27 (0.83%) Tableau
15 26 (0.80%) Informatica
15 26 (0.80%) Sitecore
16 24 (0.74%) Sybase
17 19 (0.58%) Bloomberg