Period
to 18 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 18 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 292 258 239
Rank change year-on-year -34 -19 -116
Contract jobs citing GDPR 339 700 1,160
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.83% 0.97% 1.17%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 7.72% 9.47% 10.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 261 486 787
Median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -2.70%
10th Percentile £263 £310 £313
90th Percentile £688 £644 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £440
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 14 13
Median hourly rate £29.42 £28.73 £25.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.38% +11.92% +38.76%
10th Percentile £21.17 £14.00 £16.04
90th Percentile £56.13 £52.78 £54.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.98 £35.00 £22.00
% change year-on-year -20.06% +59.09% +18.92%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 4,394 7,389 10,761
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.72% 10.22% 10.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,832 4,743 6,877
Median daily rate £475 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.86%
10th Percentile £263 £225 £256
90th Percentile £650 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £420 £425
% change year-on-year +4.76% -1.18% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 220 309 357
Median hourly rate £21.05 £20.75 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.45% +3.75% -
10th Percentile £10.75 £11.90 £11.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £47.50
Median hourly rate £21.05 £22.10 £20.00
% change year-on-year -4.76% +10.51% -4.76%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Daily rate trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Hourly rate trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 18 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -13 293 £500 +5.26% 266
London +28 149 £500 - 90
UK excluding London -3 145 £475 +5.56% 188
Work from Home -132 78 £515 +25.61% 59
South East +54 59 £500 - 37
North of England +46 44 £481 +6.94% 63
North West +44 22 £525 +10.53% 41
Yorkshire +26 22 £265 -37.65% 16
Midlands +6 14 £563 +12.50% 32
Scotland +35 13 £363 -11.59% 8
South West +74 11 £400 - 24
East Midlands +30 7 £538 +13.16% 11
West Midlands +5 7 £625 +13.64% 21
East of England +47 3 £400 - 17
Wales +20 1 £675 +50.00% 7

For the 6 months to 18 January 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 92 (27.14%) Agile Software Development
2 69 (20.35%) Data Protection
3 64 (18.88%) Finance
4 57 (16.81%) Information Security
5 56 (16.52%) Cybersecurity
6 53 (15.63%) SQL
6 53 (15.63%) Public Sector
7 51 (15.04%) PCI DSS
8 49 (14.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 43 (12.68%) Azure
9 43 (12.68%) Microsoft
10 42 (12.39%) Project Management
11 38 (11.21%) Oracle
12 37 (10.91%) Legal
13 36 (10.62%) Data Modelling
13 36 (10.62%) CISSP
13 36 (10.62%) NIST
13 36 (10.62%) Analytical Skills
14 34 (10.03%) Windows
14 34 (10.03%) Security Cleared
15 33 (9.73%) DevOps
16 32 (9.44%) Management Information System
17 31 (9.14%) Linux
17 31 (9.14%) Degree
18 30 (8.85%) SC Cleared
18 30 (8.85%) Microsoft Excel
18 30 (8.85%) Data Security
19 29 (8.55%) Stakeholder Management
19 29 (8.55%) User Experience
20 28 (8.26%) Information Governance

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (3.24%) Jadu
2 9 (2.65%) CMS
3 8 (2.36%) Apache
3 8 (2.36%) Confluence
3 8 (2.36%) Tomcat
4 7 (2.06%) IIS
4 7 (2.06%) JBoss
5 6 (1.77%) Elasticsearch
6 5 (1.47%) NetWeaver
6 5 (1.47%) SharePoint
6 5 (1.47%) WebSphere
7 4 (1.18%) Apache Solr
7 4 (1.18%) EPiServer
7 4 (1.18%) nginx
8 3 (0.88%) WordPress
9 2 (0.59%) Drupal
9 2 (0.59%) Gunicorn
9 2 (0.59%) Skype for Business
9 2 (0.59%) WebLogic
10 1 (0.29%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 30 (8.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (2.65%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (2.06%) Chatbot
3 7 (2.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (2.06%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.29%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (3.24%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.88%) Minerva
2 3 (0.88%) SAP S/4HANA
2 3 (0.88%) SAP TEM
3 2 (0.59%) NetSuite
3 2 (0.59%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 1 (0.29%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.29%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.29%) SAP GRC
4 1 (0.29%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 43 (12.68%) Azure
2 27 (7.96%) AWS
3 19 (5.60%) SaaS
4 13 (3.83%) GitHub
4 13 (3.83%) Office 365
5 12 (3.54%) IaaS
6 11 (3.24%) PaaS
7 10 (2.95%) Serverless
8 9 (2.65%) AWS Lambda
9 7 (2.06%) Azure ExpressRoute
10 6 (1.77%) Amazon ECS
10 6 (1.77%) Power Platform
11 5 (1.47%) Amazon S3
11 5 (1.47%) GCP
12 4 (1.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 4 (1.18%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (1.18%) AWS CloudTrail
12 4 (1.18%) Google Analytics
12 4 (1.18%) Route 53
12 4 (1.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 14 (4.13%) Firewall
2 13 (3.83%) Network Security
3 9 (2.65%) DNS
4 7 (2.06%) PBX
4 7 (2.06%) Skype
4 7 (2.06%) WAN
5 6 (1.77%) VPN
5 6 (1.77%) Wireless
6 5 (1.47%) BGP
6 5 (1.47%) Cisco IPT
6 5 (1.47%) DHCP
6 5 (1.47%) Internet
6 5 (1.47%) MPLS
6 5 (1.47%) TCP/IP
6 5 (1.47%) VoIP
7 3 (0.88%) SSL
8 2 (0.59%) Intrusion Detection
8 2 (0.59%) SAN
8 2 (0.59%) Unified Communications
8 2 (0.59%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (4.72%) SQL Server
2 12 (3.54%) Data Warehouse
3 11 (3.24%) MySQL
4 10 (2.95%) Relational Database
5 9 (2.65%) DB2
6 8 (2.36%) PostgreSQL
6 8 (2.36%) SAP HANA
7 7 (2.06%) Azure SQL Database
8 6 (1.77%) Amazon RDS
9 5 (1.47%) BusinessObjects
9 5 (1.47%) Cosmos DB
9 5 (1.47%) Data Mart
9 5 (1.47%) Power BI
9 5 (1.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 4 (1.18%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 4 (1.18%) Data Lake
10 4 (1.18%) Hadoop
10 4 (1.18%) MS Access
10 4 (1.18%) SAP Data Services
11 3 (0.88%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 15 (4.42%) JIRA
2 14 (4.13%) Git (software)
3 7 (2.06%) Burp Suite
4 5 (1.47%) Jenkins
5 4 (1.18%) IntelliJ
5 4 (1.18%) Maven
5 4 (1.18%) SonarQube
5 4 (1.18%) Sublime Text
6 2 (0.59%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 2 (0.59%) sqlmap
6 2 (0.59%) Travis CI
7 1 (0.29%) CruiseControl
7 1 (0.29%) eggPlant
7 1 (0.29%) kappa
7 1 (0.29%) Mocha
7 1 (0.29%) Serena SBM
7 1 (0.29%) Snyk
7 1 (0.29%) Subversion
7 1 (0.29%) Team Foundation Server
7 1 (0.29%) TeamCity
General
1 64 (18.88%) Finance
2 53 (15.63%) Public Sector
3 37 (10.91%) Legal
4 25 (7.37%) Law
5 17 (5.01%) Marketing
6 14 (4.13%) Banking
6 14 (4.13%) Retail
7 12 (3.54%) Local Government
8 11 (3.24%) Pharmaceutical
9 8 (2.36%) Digital Economy
9 8 (2.36%) Financial Institution
9 8 (2.36%) Telecoms
10 5 (1.47%) Front Office
10 5 (1.47%) Manufacturing
11 4 (1.18%) Publishing
12 3 (0.88%) Retail Banking
13 2 (0.59%) Investment Banking
13 2 (0.59%) Police
14 1 (0.29%) Advertising
14 1 (0.29%) Games
Job Titles
1 60 (17.70%) Analyst
2 55 (16.22%) Architect
3 38 (11.21%) Consultant
4 25 (7.37%) Developer
5 24 (7.08%) Security Architect
6 23 (6.78%) Data Manager
7 21 (6.19%) Business Analyst
8 19 (5.60%) Security Consultant
9 16 (4.72%) Data Analyst
10 15 (4.42%) Security Manager
11 14 (4.13%) Project Manager
12 12 (3.54%) Team Leader
13 11 (3.24%) Solutions Architect
14 10 (2.95%) Cloud Architect
14 10 (2.95%) Data Architect
14 10 (2.95%) Information Specialist
15 9 (2.65%) Information Governance Specialist
15 9 (2.65%) Junior
16 8 (2.36%) Information Manager
16 8 (2.36%) Technical Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 26 (7.67%) Web Services
2 20 (5.90%) CSS
2 20 (5.90%) HTML
3 16 (4.72%) JSON
4 12 (3.54%) RESTful
5 11 (3.24%) CSS3
5 11 (3.24%) HTML5
6 9 (2.65%) Middleware
6 9 (2.65%) Node.js
6 9 (2.65%) Twig
7 8 (2.36%) .NET
8 5 (1.47%) AngularJS
8 5 (1.47%) SAP Basis
8 5 (1.47%) WSDL
9 4 (1.18%) LDAP
9 4 (1.18%) Murex MxML
9 4 (1.18%) React
9 4 (1.18%) REST
9 4 (1.18%) SOAP
10 3 (0.88%) SAP PI
Miscellaneous
1 36 (10.62%) Analytical Skills
2 32 (9.44%) Management Information System
3 29 (8.55%) User Experience
4 17 (5.01%) NHS
5 13 (3.83%) Freedom of Information
6 12 (3.54%) Social Media
7 11 (3.24%) Data Protection Act
7 11 (3.24%) Freedom of Information Act
8 9 (2.65%) Analytical Mindset
8 9 (2.65%) Data Centre
9 8 (2.36%) Hedge funds
9 8 (2.36%) Public Cloud
10 7 (2.06%) Cyberthreat
10 7 (2.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 7 (2.06%) PKI
11 6 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
12 5 (1.47%) CESG
12 5 (1.47%) Derivative
12 5 (1.47%) Virtual Team
13 4 (1.18%) FMCG
Operating Systems
1 34 (10.03%) Windows
2 31 (9.14%) Linux
3 21 (6.19%) Unix
4 12 (3.54%) Windows Server
5 6 (1.77%) AIX
6 5 (1.47%) Kali Linux
6 5 (1.47%) Mac OS
6 5 (1.47%) Solaris
7 4 (1.18%) Amazon Linux
7 4 (1.18%) Windows Server 2016
8 3 (0.88%) Android
8 3 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.88%) Windows Server 2003
8 3 (0.88%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (0.88%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.88%) Windows Server 2019
9 2 (0.59%) Apple iOS
10 1 (0.29%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 92 (27.14%) Agile Software Development
2 69 (20.35%) Data Protection
3 57 (16.81%) Information Security
4 56 (16.52%) Cybersecurity
5 42 (12.39%) Project Management
6 36 (10.62%) Data Modelling
7 33 (9.73%) DevOps
8 30 (8.85%) Data Security
9 29 (8.55%) Stakeholder Management
10 28 (8.26%) Information Governance
11 27 (7.96%) Continuous Improvement
11 27 (7.96%) Migration
12 26 (7.67%) Analytics
12 26 (7.67%) Data Privacy
12 26 (7.67%) Security Architecture
12 26 (7.67%) TOGAF
13 24 (7.08%) Data Management
13 24 (7.08%) ITIL
13 24 (7.08%) Problem-Solving
14 21 (6.19%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 53 (15.63%) SQL
2 23 (6.78%) Java
3 19 (5.60%) JavaScript
4 15 (4.42%) PHP
5 13 (3.83%) Python
6 10 (2.95%) PowerShell
7 8 (2.36%) C
7 8 (2.36%) VBA
8 4 (1.18%) ABAP
8 4 (1.18%) Apex Code
8 4 (1.18%) Bash Shell
8 4 (1.18%) C#
8 4 (1.18%) Perl
9 3 (0.88%) BeanShell
9 3 (0.88%) C++
9 3 (0.88%) Ruby
9 3 (0.88%) T-SQL
10 2 (0.59%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
10 2 (0.59%) Objective-C
10 2 (0.59%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 36 (10.62%) CISSP
2 34 (10.03%) Security Cleared
3 31 (9.14%) Degree
4 30 (8.85%) SC Cleared
5 24 (7.08%) CISM
6 13 (3.83%) CISA
7 11 (3.24%) SANS
8 10 (2.95%) CRISC
9 9 (2.65%) CCSP
9 9 (2.65%) Cisco Certification
10 7 (2.06%) ISEB
11 6 (1.77%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 5 (1.47%) CESG Certified Professional
12 5 (1.47%) OSCP
12 5 (1.47%) Postgraduate
13 3 (0.88%) CCNP
13 3 (0.88%) CREST Certified
13 3 (0.88%) IISP
13 3 (0.88%) ISSAP
14 2 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 51 (15.04%) PCI DSS
2 49 (14.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 36 (10.62%) NIST
4 20 (5.90%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 18 (5.31%) Data Quality
6 15 (4.42%) COBIT
7 9 (2.65%) HIPAA
7 9 (2.65%) NCSC
7 9 (2.65%) QA
8 8 (2.36%) Cyber Essentials
9 7 (2.06%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 7 (2.06%) SLA
10 5 (1.47%) ISO 9001
10 5 (1.47%) NIST 800
10 5 (1.47%) RMADS
11 4 (1.18%) ISAE 3402
11 4 (1.18%) ISO 22301
11 4 (1.18%) ISO 31000
11 4 (1.18%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 3 (0.88%) PSD2
System Software
1 18 (5.31%) Active Directory
2 8 (2.36%) Docker
3 7 (2.06%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (1.77%) VMware ESXi
5 3 (0.88%) VMware Workstation
6 1 (0.29%) Apache Flume
6 1 (0.29%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 10 (2.95%) Ansible
2 9 (2.65%) Nessus
3 8 (2.36%) Kubernetes
4 7 (2.06%) Terraform
5 6 (1.77%) Tivoli
6 5 (1.47%) ITRS Geneos
7 4 (1.18%) IBM Guardium
7 4 (1.18%) Kibana
7 4 (1.18%) Trend Micro Deep Security
8 3 (0.88%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
8 3 (0.88%) vCenter Server
9 2 (0.59%) QRadar
9 2 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.29%) CASB
10 1 (0.29%) Control-M
10 1 (0.29%) EMC NetWorker
10 1 (0.29%) Icinga
10 1 (0.29%) Netcool
10 1 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.29%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 43 (12.68%) Microsoft
2 38 (11.21%) Oracle
3 22 (6.49%) SAP
4 15 (4.42%) Salesforce.com
5 14 (4.13%) Cisco
6 11 (3.24%) IBM
7 9 (2.65%) Google
8 8 (2.36%) VMware
9 7 (2.06%) Qualys
9 7 (2.06%) Splunk
9 7 (2.06%) Sun
10 6 (1.77%) Barracuda Networks
10 6 (1.77%) Pardot
10 6 (1.77%) Red Hat
11 5 (1.47%) Arista
11 5 (1.47%) Citrix
11 5 (1.47%) Murex
11 5 (1.47%) OneTrust
11 5 (1.47%) Sage
12 4 (1.18%) Centrify