Period
to 28 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 28 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
28 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 223 276 306
Rank change year-on-year +53 +30 -82
Contract jobs citing GDPR 1,044 295 743
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.22% 0.90% 0.88%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 9.65% 7.59% 7.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 661 196 492
10th Percentile £330 £275 £289
25th Percentile £450 £388 £380
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £530 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £550
90th Percentile £738 £675 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £490 £500 £450
% change year-on-year -2.00% +11.11% +0.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 7 12
10th Percentile £15.33 £18.70 £14.00
25th Percentile £17.67 £22.14 £14.75
Median hourly rate £25.00 £26.96 £22.19
Median % change year-on-year -7.27% +21.48% -13.55%
75th Percentile £47.08 £32.43 £29.96
90th Percentile £75.25 £54.40 £36.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £26.96 £18.52
% change year-on-year -7.27% +45.55% +8.13%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 10,817 3,889 9,595
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.66% 11.92% 11.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,273 2,492 6,144
10th Percentile £263 £270 £250
25th Percentile £394 £363 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
75th Percentile £600 £575 £550
90th Percentile £688 £650 £632
UK excluding London median daily rate £445 £441 £425
% change year-on-year +0.91% +3.76% +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 314 157 395
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.67 £11.14
25th Percentile £12.53 £13.28 £15.00
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.50 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -6.98% +4.88% -1.43%
75th Percentile £39.88 £45.00 £46.84
90th Percentile £62.50 £55.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £21.05 £21.42
% change year-on-year -16.86% -1.70% +4.86%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Daily rate trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Hourly rate trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 28 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 28 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +60 926 £530 +6.00% 404
London +35 517 £550 +12.82% 140
UK excluding London +38 377 £490 -2.00% 286
Work from Home -88 195 £550 +10.00% 80
South East -24 111 £500 -6.10% 86
North of England -21 101 £475 -5.00% 73
Midlands -16 73 £500 -9.09% 51
Yorkshire +9 65 £475 +93.88% 19
West Midlands -24 52 £463 -11.90% 26
Scotland -44 41 £450 -5.26% 17
North West -39 33 £519 -1.19% 47
East of England -24 29 £538 +34.38% 25
South West -38 20 £500 +25.00% 29
East Midlands -30 17 £563 +2.27% 24
North East - 3 £469 - 7
Wales -25 2 £503 -10.67% 3
Isle of Man - 1 £750 -

For the 6 months to 28 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 383 (36.69%) Finance
2 377 (36.11%) Data Protection
3 344 (32.95%) Social Skills
4 309 (29.60%) Azure
5 272 (26.05%) Legal
6 261 (25.00%) Agile Software Development
7 201 (19.25%) Microsoft
8 200 (19.16%) Financial Institution
9 196 (18.77%) Hedge funds
10 190 (18.20%) AWS
11 188 (18.01%) Information Security
12 163 (15.61%) DevOps
13 158 (15.13%) Cybersecurity
14 142 (13.60%) Degree
15 136 (13.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 133 (12.74%) SQL
17 126 (12.07%) Analytics
18 123 (11.78%) AOP
19 121 (11.59%) Stakeholder Management
20 119 (11.40%) Analytical Skills
21 109 (10.44%) Project Management
22 106 (10.15%) Python
22 106 (10.15%) Data Management
23 104 (9.96%) Problem-Solving
24 101 (9.67%) PCI DSS
25 99 (9.48%) Banking
26 98 (9.39%) Data Modelling
26 98 (9.39%) NIST
27 97 (9.29%) Risk Management
28 96 (9.20%) CISSP

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (4.21%) Apache Spark
2 36 (3.45%) Confluence
3 28 (2.68%) SharePoint
4 17 (1.63%) OpenStack
5 16 (1.53%) BizTalk Server
6 13 (1.25%) CMS
7 11 (1.05%) Apache
7 11 (1.05%) Appian
8 10 (0.96%) Jadu
8 10 (0.96%) WordPress
9 8 (0.77%) Apache Solr
10 6 (0.57%) Documentum
10 6 (0.57%) WebSphere
11 5 (0.48%) Exchange Server 2013
11 5 (0.48%) IIS
11 5 (0.48%) JBoss
11 5 (0.48%) NetWeaver
12 4 (0.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 3 (0.29%) nginx
13 3 (0.29%) Tomcat
Applications
1 31 (2.97%) Microsoft Office
2 22 (2.11%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (1.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 16 (1.53%) Spreadsheet
5 10 (0.96%) MS Visio
6 5 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.29%) SPSS
8 2 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.19%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.096%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.096%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 21 (2.01%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.77%) Sentinel
3 7 (0.67%) Cloudability
4 4 (0.38%) Magento
5 2 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.19%) SAP GRC
5 2 (0.19%) SAP PM
5 2 (0.19%) Shopify
6 1 (0.096%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.096%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.096%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.096%) PeopleSoft HCM
6 1 (0.096%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.096%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.096%) SAP ERP
6 1 (0.096%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 1 (0.096%) SAP S/4HANA
6 1 (0.096%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 309 (29.60%) Azure
2 190 (18.20%) AWS
3 91 (8.72%) GCP
4 82 (7.85%) SaaS
5 76 (7.28%) Microsoft 365
6 69 (6.61%) Serverless
7 60 (5.75%) Collibra
7 60 (5.75%) PaaS
8 55 (5.27%) IaaS
9 45 (4.31%) Power Platform
10 44 (4.21%) AWS CloudFormation
11 36 (3.45%) Azure Active Directory
12 31 (2.97%) GitHub
13 26 (2.49%) AWS Lambda
14 24 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
14 24 (2.30%) Dynamics 365
15 22 (2.11%) Amazon S3
15 22 (2.11%) Azure Functions
15 22 (2.11%) Azure Logic Apps
16 18 (1.72%) Azure Service Bus
Communications & Networking
1 55 (5.27%) Firewall
2 31 (2.97%) DNS
3 29 (2.78%) Network Security
4 18 (1.72%) TCP/IP
5 16 (1.53%) Internet
6 14 (1.34%) Wireless
7 13 (1.25%) HTTP
7 13 (1.25%) VPN
8 10 (0.96%) Kerberos
9 9 (0.86%) Unified Communications
9 9 (0.86%) WAN
10 8 (0.77%) DHCP
10 8 (0.77%) MPLS
10 8 (0.77%) SMS
11 6 (0.57%) SSL
12 5 (0.48%) Intranet
12 5 (0.48%) PBX
12 5 (0.48%) Radio Access Network
12 5 (0.48%) SD-WAN
12 5 (0.48%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 63 (6.03%) Big Data
2 60 (5.75%) Data Warehouse
3 45 (4.31%) Metadata
4 42 (4.02%) SQL Server
5 34 (3.26%) Data Lake
6 31 (2.97%) Power BI
7 28 (2.68%) Relational Database
8 26 (2.49%) NoSQL
9 25 (2.39%) Ataccama
10 22 (2.11%) Hadoop
11 21 (2.01%) IBM InfoSphere
12 19 (1.82%) MongoDB
13 18 (1.72%) MySQL
14 17 (1.63%) PostgreSQL
14 17 (1.63%) Tableau
15 13 (1.25%) Amazon Redshift
15 13 (1.25%) BigQuery
15 13 (1.25%) DB2
15 13 (1.25%) RDBMS
16 12 (1.15%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 66 (6.32%) Git (software)
2 58 (5.56%) JIRA
3 49 (4.69%) Jenkins
4 32 (3.07%) ERwin
5 30 (2.87%) Subversion
6 24 (2.30%) PowerDesigner
7 13 (1.25%) Sonatype Nexus
8 10 (0.96%) Maven
9 9 (0.86%) TeamCity
10 7 (0.67%) CruiseControl
10 7 (0.67%) GitLab
11 6 (0.57%) MSI
11 6 (0.57%) webpack
12 4 (0.38%) Serena SBM
12 4 (0.38%) SonarQube
13 3 (0.29%) git-flow
13 3 (0.29%) Protractor
13 3 (0.29%) Selenium
13 3 (0.29%) Toad
13 3 (0.29%) Visual Studio
General
1 383 (36.69%) Finance
2 344 (32.95%) Social Skills
3 272 (26.05%) Legal
4 200 (19.16%) Financial Institution
5 119 (11.40%) Analytical Skills
6 99 (9.48%) Banking
7 65 (6.23%) Public Sector
8 57 (5.46%) Presentation Skills
9 55 (5.27%) Marketing
10 45 (4.31%) Retail
11 37 (3.54%) Digital Economy
12 36 (3.45%) Influencing Skills
13 29 (2.78%) Law
14 21 (2.01%) Organisational Skills
15 19 (1.82%) Telecoms
16 14 (1.34%) Billing
16 14 (1.34%) Documentation Skills
17 10 (0.96%) Advertising
18 9 (0.86%) Local Government
19 8 (0.77%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 230 (22.03%) Architect
2 149 (14.27%) Analyst
3 92 (8.81%) Consultant
4 63 (6.03%) Security Architect
5 58 (5.56%) Project Manager
6 55 (5.27%) Developer
7 52 (4.98%) Business Analyst
8 51 (4.89%) Data Architect
9 47 (4.50%) Solutions Architect
10 46 (4.41%) Cloud Architect
11 42 (4.02%) Azure Architect
12 39 (3.74%) Security Consultant
13 29 (2.78%) Data Engineer
13 29 (2.78%) Data Manager
14 28 (2.68%) Governance Manager
14 28 (2.68%) Security Engineer
15 27 (2.59%) Azure Engineer
16 26 (2.49%) Service Analyst
17 25 (2.39%) Cloud Engineer
18 24 (2.30%) Information Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (3.16%) .NET
2 30 (2.87%) HTML
3 22 (2.11%) REST
3 22 (2.11%) RESTful
3 22 (2.11%) SAML
4 21 (2.01%) CSS
5 18 (1.72%) Middleware
6 17 (1.63%) Swagger
7 15 (1.44%) OAuth
8 14 (1.34%) Web Services
9 13 (1.25%) Node.js
9 13 (1.25%) React
10 12 (1.15%) OpenID
10 12 (1.15%) Spring
11 11 (1.05%) JSON
12 10 (0.96%) LDAP
13 9 (0.86%) Kafka
13 9 (0.86%) PySpark
14 8 (0.77%) SOAP
15 7 (0.67%) Velocity
Miscellaneous
1 196 (18.77%) Hedge funds
2 64 (6.13%) Management Information System
3 47 (4.50%) Data Protection Act
3 47 (4.50%) Taxonomies
4 44 (4.21%) Data Centre
5 39 (3.74%) Public Cloud
6 34 (3.26%) Cloud Native
7 32 (3.07%) NHS
8 25 (2.39%) Analytical Mindset
8 25 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
9 23 (2.20%) Hybrid Cloud
9 23 (2.20%) Virtual Team
10 20 (1.92%) Enterprise Cloud
11 19 (1.82%) Greenfield Project
11 19 (1.82%) User Experience
12 18 (1.72%) Mobile App
13 16 (1.53%) Clustering
14 15 (1.44%) Reference Data
14 15 (1.44%) Replication
15 12 (1.15%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 88 (8.43%) Windows
2 53 (5.08%) Linux
3 31 (2.97%) Windows 10
4 25 (2.39%) Windows Server
5 17 (1.63%) Unix
6 16 (1.53%) Windows Server 2012
7 11 (1.05%) Android
7 11 (1.05%) Windows Server 2008
8 10 (0.96%) Solaris
9 8 (0.77%) Windows Server 2016
10 7 (0.67%) Windows Server 2019
11 5 (0.48%) AIX
11 5 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 5 (0.48%) Windows 7
12 4 (0.38%) Apple iOS
13 3 (0.29%) Mac OS
13 3 (0.29%) Ubuntu
14 2 (0.19%) CentOS
14 2 (0.19%) SUSE
14 2 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 377 (36.11%) Data Protection
2 261 (25.00%) Agile Software Development
3 188 (18.01%) Information Security
4 163 (15.61%) DevOps
5 158 (15.13%) Cybersecurity
6 126 (12.07%) Analytics
7 123 (11.78%) AOP
8 121 (11.59%) Stakeholder Management
9 109 (10.44%) Project Management
10 106 (10.15%) Data Management
11 104 (9.96%) Problem-Solving
12 98 (9.39%) Data Modelling
13 97 (9.29%) Risk Management
14 96 (9.20%) Data Privacy
15 84 (8.05%) ITIL
16 83 (7.95%) Data Security
17 81 (7.76%) Decision-Making
18 80 (7.66%) Migration
19 77 (7.38%) Security Architecture
20 76 (7.28%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 133 (12.74%) SQL
2 106 (10.15%) Python
3 69 (6.61%) Java
4 52 (4.98%) JavaScript
5 48 (4.60%) C
6 43 (4.12%) PowerShell
7 28 (2.68%) C#
8 24 (2.30%) C++
9 22 (2.11%) Bash Shell
10 16 (1.53%) PHP
11 11 (1.05%) Groovy
11 11 (1.05%) T-SQL
12 10 (0.96%) Scala
13 8 (0.77%) Perl
13 8 (0.77%) Ruby
14 7 (0.67%) ANSI SQL
15 6 (0.57%) PL/SQL
15 6 (0.57%) VBA
16 4 (0.38%) Go
17 2 (0.19%) R
Qualifications
1 142 (13.60%) Degree
2 96 (9.20%) CISSP
3 52 (4.98%) CISM
4 35 (3.35%) CRISC
5 33 (3.16%) Security Cleared
6 29 (2.78%) CISA
7 28 (2.68%) Computer Science Degree
8 27 (2.59%) SC Cleared
9 23 (2.20%) ISEB
10 20 (1.92%) Cisco Certification
11 19 (1.82%) FFIEC
12 17 (1.63%) SANS
13 16 (1.53%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 15 (1.44%) PMI Certification
15 13 (1.25%) GIAC
15 13 (1.25%) PMP
16 10 (0.96%) AWS Certification
17 9 (0.86%) BPSS Clearance
18 8 (0.77%) Master's Degree
19 7 (0.67%) ISO 27001 Lead Auditor
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 136 (13.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 101 (9.67%) PCI DSS
3 98 (9.39%) NIST
4 70 (6.70%) Data Quality
5 43 (4.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 39 (3.74%) MiFID
7 36 (3.45%) SLA
8 34 (3.26%) QA
9 30 (2.87%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 29 (2.78%) Cyber Essentials
11 28 (2.68%) PMO
12 24 (2.30%) NIST 800
13 21 (2.01%) GRC
14 19 (1.82%) Accessibility
15 18 (1.72%) COBIT
16 14 (1.34%) NCSC
17 11 (1.05%) SOC 2
18 10 (0.96%) GLBA
19 7 (0.67%) PSD2
20 6 (0.57%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
System Software
1 85 (8.14%) Docker
2 78 (7.47%) Active Directory
3 21 (2.01%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.53%) Microsoft App-V
5 15 (1.44%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (0.96%) vSphere
7 7 (0.67%) XenApp
8 6 (0.57%) XenDesktop
9 5 (0.48%) KVM
10 4 (0.38%) Oracle RAC
10 4 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (0.29%) NFS
11 3 (0.29%) vCloud
11 3 (0.29%) Veritas File System
11 3 (0.29%) Veritas Volume Manager
11 3 (0.29%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.19%) DFS Replication
13 1 (0.096%) HDFS
13 1 (0.096%) LXC
Systems Management
1 92 (8.81%) Kubernetes
2 85 (8.14%) Terraform
3 58 (5.56%) Ansible
4 29 (2.78%) Microsoft Intune
5 28 (2.68%) Single Sign-On
6 18 (1.72%) SCCM
7 16 (1.53%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 13 (1.25%) QRadar
9 12 (1.15%) Opscode Chef
10 10 (0.96%) Tivoli
11 9 (0.86%) EMC NetWorker
11 9 (0.86%) Tivoli Storage Manager
12 8 (0.77%) Control-M
12 8 (0.77%) Puppet
13 6 (0.57%) Grafana
14 4 (0.38%) CASB
14 4 (0.38%) Microsoft Clustering
14 4 (0.38%) Netcool
14 4 (0.38%) Prometheus
14 4 (0.38%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 201 (19.25%) Microsoft
2 50 (4.79%) Oracle
3 48 (4.60%) Google
4 45 (4.31%) Informatica
5 39 (3.74%) IBM
6 38 (3.64%) Salesforce.com
7 33 (3.16%) SAP
8 28 (2.68%) Databricks
8 28 (2.68%) Splunk
8 28 (2.68%) VMware
9 25 (2.39%) BiZZdesign
10 22 (2.11%) Qualys
11 21 (2.01%) Ivanti
12 17 (1.63%) Alteryx
13 15 (1.44%) Cisco
13 15 (1.44%) Citrix
13 15 (1.44%) ServiceNow
14 14 (1.34%) Red Hat
15 11 (1.05%) CyberArk
16 10 (0.96%) EMC