Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 249 259 318
Rank change year-on-year +10 +59 -188
Contract jobs citing GDPR 769 376 776
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.09% 1.00% 0.84%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 8.81% 8.76% 7.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 465 240 481
10th Percentile £313 £288 £305
25th Percentile £413 £375 £398
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £514 £488 £490
Median % change year-on-year +5.44% -0.51% +8.89%
75th Percentile £614 £588 £575
90th Percentile £750 £701 £656
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 8 10
10th Percentile £14.57 £18.90 £14.53
25th Percentile £15.56 £24.56 £19.04
Median hourly rate £22.00 £30.75 £24.92
Median % change year-on-year -28.46% +23.39% -0.32%
75th Percentile £48.54 £39.25 £37.13
90th Percentile £67.68 £54.03 £46.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £30.48 £26.50
% change year-on-year -29.46% +15.02% +25.19%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 8,729 4,294 10,342
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.33% 11.44% 11.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,805 2,713 6,572
10th Percentile £263 £263 £250
25th Percentile £375 £363 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £475 £450
Median % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
75th Percentile £588 £573 £550
90th Percentile £675 £645 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £438 £425
% change year-on-year -2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 354 189 403
10th Percentile £11.36 £12.60 £10.76
25th Percentile £14.00 £17.27 £14.20
Median hourly rate £21.00 £22.61 £22.00
Median % change year-on-year -7.12% +2.77% +4.76%
75th Percentile £40.72 £43.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £61.59 £53.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.00 £21.50 £22.36
% change year-on-year -11.63% -3.84% +11.79%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Daily rate trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Hourly rate trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 649 £520 +4.00% 402
London 0 352 £525 +5.00% 119
UK excluding London -14 284 £450 -5.26% 304
Work from Home -125 195 £525 +6.60% 75
North of England -3 83 £450 -15.09% 105
South East -19 74 £460 -8.00% 77
Yorkshire +12 54 £448 -15.57% 29
Midlands -13 48 £475 -5.00% 45
West Midlands -8 37 £488 -7.14% 34
Scotland -52 35 £425 +41.67% 17
North West -32 24 £550 +4.76% 69
South West +1 21 £420 -25.99% 38
East of England -10 21 £514 +20.80% 17
East Midlands -14 9 £775 +92.55% 10
North East -1 5 £536 -2.50% 7
Wales -12 3 £475 +11.76% 4
Isle of Man - 1 £750 -

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 220 (28.61%) Social Skills
2 213 (27.70%) Finance
3 212 (27.57%) Data Protection
4 201 (26.14%) Agile Software Development
5 194 (25.23%) Azure
6 150 (19.51%) Information Security
7 142 (18.47%) Microsoft
8 126 (16.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 121 (15.73%) Legal
10 118 (15.34%) AWS
11 105 (13.65%) Cybersecurity
12 100 (13.00%) Analytics
13 96 (12.48%) Degree
14 95 (12.35%) PCI DSS
15 88 (11.44%) Data Privacy
15 88 (11.44%) Data Management
16 86 (11.18%) SQL
17 82 (10.66%) Stakeholder Management
18 79 (10.27%) Project Management
19 77 (10.01%) Analytical Skills
19 77 (10.01%) NIST
20 75 (9.75%) DevOps
21 72 (9.36%) CISSP
21 72 (9.36%) TOGAF
22 70 (9.10%) Data Modelling
23 69 (8.97%) Migration
24 68 (8.84%) Problem-Solving
25 67 (8.71%) Data Governance
26 65 (8.45%) ITIL
27 64 (8.32%) Risk Management

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (3.51%) Apache Spark
1 27 (3.51%) SharePoint
2 18 (2.34%) CMS
2 18 (2.34%) Confluence
3 12 (1.56%) Jadu
4 11 (1.43%) WordPress
5 9 (1.17%) WebSphere
6 6 (0.78%) Apache
6 6 (0.78%) Apache Solr
7 5 (0.65%) Documentum
8 4 (0.52%) Exchange Server 2013
8 4 (0.52%) JBoss
8 4 (0.52%) NetWeaver
8 4 (0.52%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.39%) Appian
9 3 (0.39%) IIS
9 3 (0.39%) MS Exchange
9 3 (0.39%) Tomcat
10 2 (0.26%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (0.26%) WebLogic
Applications
1 27 (3.51%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (3.12%) Microsoft Excel
3 11 (1.43%) Spreadsheet
4 10 (1.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (1.17%) Microsoft Project
6 7 (0.91%) Chatbot
6 7 (0.91%) MS Visio
7 1 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.13%) UserZoom
Business Applications
1 12 (1.56%) Dynamics CRM
2 7 (0.91%) Adobe Campaign
3 6 (0.78%) Cloudability
4 5 (0.65%) Magento
5 3 (0.39%) Infor M3
5 3 (0.39%) Payment Gateway
6 2 (0.26%) SDL Web 8
6 2 (0.26%) Shopify
7 1 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.13%) SAP HCM
7 1 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 1 (0.13%) SAP PM
7 1 (0.13%) Sentinel
7 1 (0.13%) Unica
7 1 (0.13%) Unit4 Business World
7 1 (0.13%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 194 (25.23%) Azure
2 118 (15.34%) AWS
3 64 (8.32%) Microsoft 365
4 46 (5.98%) SaaS
5 38 (4.94%) IaaS
6 33 (4.29%) GCP
7 31 (4.03%) PaaS
8 29 (3.77%) Collibra
9 22 (2.86%) Cloud Computing
10 20 (2.60%) AWS CloudFormation
10 20 (2.60%) Power Platform
11 19 (2.47%) Azure Active Directory
12 17 (2.21%) Serverless
13 14 (1.82%) GitHub
14 9 (1.17%) Amazon S3
14 9 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
14 9 (1.17%) Azure Cosmos DB
15 8 (1.04%) Dynamics 365
15 8 (1.04%) Google Analytics
16 7 (0.91%) Azure Sentinel
Communications & Networking
1 33 (4.29%) Firewall
2 23 (2.99%) Network Security
3 21 (2.73%) DNS
4 16 (2.08%) Internet
5 10 (1.30%) DMARC
5 10 (1.30%) SMS
6 9 (1.17%) TCP/IP
7 8 (1.04%) VPN
7 8 (1.04%) WAN
8 7 (0.91%) Kerberos
8 7 (0.91%) Wireless
9 6 (0.78%) DHCP
9 6 (0.78%) MPLS
9 6 (0.78%) Unified Communications
10 5 (0.65%) Intranet
10 5 (0.65%) Radio Access Network
10 5 (0.65%) SD-WAN
10 5 (0.65%) SMTP
11 4 (0.52%) VoIP
11 4 (0.52%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (5.20%) Data Warehouse
2 38 (4.94%) Big Data
3 31 (4.03%) SQL Server
4 26 (3.38%) Metadata
5 24 (3.12%) Relational Database
6 20 (2.60%) NoSQL
7 17 (2.21%) Data Lake
7 17 (2.21%) PostgreSQL
8 16 (2.08%) Power BI
9 14 (1.82%) MySQL
9 14 (1.82%) Tableau
10 13 (1.69%) MongoDB
10 13 (1.69%) RDBMS
11 12 (1.56%) Oracle Database
12 11 (1.43%) IBM InfoSphere
13 10 (1.30%) Hadoop
13 10 (1.30%) Redis
14 9 (1.17%) Data Vault
15 8 (1.04%) SAP HANA
15 8 (1.04%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 52 (6.76%) Git (software)
2 31 (4.03%) JIRA
3 24 (3.12%) Subversion
4 22 (2.86%) Jenkins
5 18 (2.34%) PowerDesigner
6 15 (1.95%) ERwin
7 8 (1.04%) TeamCity
8 7 (0.91%) CruiseControl
8 7 (0.91%) Maven
9 6 (0.78%) MSI
9 6 (0.78%) Visual Studio Team System
10 5 (0.65%) CircleCI
10 5 (0.65%) Cucumber
10 5 (0.65%) Cypress.io
10 5 (0.65%) Gradle
10 5 (0.65%) JUnit
10 5 (0.65%) Mockito
10 5 (0.65%) Selenium
10 5 (0.65%) Serena SBM
10 5 (0.65%) Visual Studio
General
1 220 (28.61%) Social Skills
2 213 (27.70%) Finance
3 121 (15.73%) Legal
4 77 (10.01%) Analytical Skills
5 63 (8.19%) Marketing
6 60 (7.80%) Banking
6 60 (7.80%) Financial Institution
7 46 (5.98%) Public Sector
8 38 (4.94%) Influencing Skills
9 34 (4.42%) Retail
10 32 (4.16%) Law
11 29 (3.77%) Presentation Skills
12 21 (2.73%) Telecoms
13 20 (2.60%) Digital Economy
14 16 (2.08%) Billing
14 16 (2.08%) Manufacturing
15 14 (1.82%) Games
16 12 (1.56%) Electronics
16 12 (1.56%) Local Government
16 12 (1.56%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 174 (22.63%) Architect
2 103 (13.39%) Analyst
3 72 (9.36%) Consultant
4 54 (7.02%) Project Manager
5 48 (6.24%) Security Architect
6 46 (5.98%) Data Architect
7 45 (5.85%) Solutions Architect
8 40 (5.20%) Developer
9 32 (4.16%) Business Analyst
9 32 (4.16%) Information Manager
10 31 (4.03%) Cloud Architect
11 27 (3.51%) Azure Architect
11 27 (3.51%) Security Consultant
12 20 (2.60%) Data Engineer
12 20 (2.60%) Security Analyst
13 19 (2.47%) Data Modeller
13 19 (2.47%) Governance Manager
14 18 (2.34%) Data Analyst
14 18 (2.34%) Security Engineer
15 16 (2.08%) Data Protection Officer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (2.73%) RESTful
2 20 (2.60%) HTML
3 16 (2.08%) CSS
3 16 (2.08%) Node.js
3 16 (2.08%) REST
4 15 (1.95%) Spring
5 14 (1.82%) .NET
6 13 (1.69%) Middleware
7 11 (1.43%) Velocity
8 10 (1.30%) React
8 10 (1.30%) SOAP
8 10 (1.30%) Web Services
9 9 (1.17%) SAML
9 9 (1.17%) Unity (Game Engine)
10 8 (1.04%) OAuth
11 7 (0.91%) LDAP
12 6 (0.78%) AngularJS
13 5 (0.65%) JSON
13 5 (0.65%) Kafka
14 4 (0.52%) SAP Basis
Miscellaneous
1 61 (7.93%) Management Information System
2 59 (7.67%) Hedge funds
3 48 (6.24%) Data Protection Act
4 28 (3.64%) NHS
5 26 (3.38%) Cloud Native
6 25 (3.25%) Public Cloud
7 23 (2.99%) User Experience
8 22 (2.86%) Virtual Team
9 19 (2.47%) Freedom of Information
10 17 (2.21%) Mobile App
11 16 (2.08%) Data Centre
12 15 (1.95%) Greenfield Project
12 15 (1.95%) Replication
13 14 (1.82%) Enterprise Software
14 12 (1.56%) Analytical Mindset
14 12 (1.56%) Reference Data
15 11 (1.43%) Clustering
15 11 (1.43%) Social Media
16 10 (1.30%) Freedom of Information Act
16 10 (1.30%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 63 (8.19%) Windows
2 35 (4.55%) Linux
3 25 (3.25%) Windows 10
4 15 (1.95%) Windows Server
5 11 (1.43%) Android
5 11 (1.43%) Solaris
5 11 (1.43%) Unix
6 9 (1.17%) Windows Server 2012
7 8 (1.04%) Windows Server 2008
8 7 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 5 (0.65%) Windows Server 2016
10 4 (0.52%) AIX
10 4 (0.52%) Windows 7
11 3 (0.39%) Apple iOS
11 3 (0.39%) CentOS
11 3 (0.39%) Oracle Linux
11 3 (0.39%) SUSE
11 3 (0.39%) Ubuntu
12 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.26%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 212 (27.57%) Data Protection
2 201 (26.14%) Agile Software Development
3 150 (19.51%) Information Security
4 105 (13.65%) Cybersecurity
5 100 (13.00%) Analytics
6 88 (11.44%) Data Management
6 88 (11.44%) Data Privacy
7 82 (10.66%) Stakeholder Management
8 79 (10.27%) Project Management
9 75 (9.75%) DevOps
10 72 (9.36%) TOGAF
11 70 (9.10%) Data Modelling
12 69 (8.97%) Migration
13 68 (8.84%) Problem-Solving
14 67 (8.71%) Data Governance
15 65 (8.45%) ITIL
16 64 (8.32%) Risk Management
17 60 (7.80%) Project Delivery
18 57 (7.41%) Data Security
19 56 (7.28%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 86 (11.18%) SQL
2 56 (7.28%) Python
3 50 (6.50%) Java
4 35 (4.55%) JavaScript
4 35 (4.55%) PowerShell
5 28 (3.64%) C
6 16 (2.08%) PHP
7 10 (1.30%) Bash Shell
8 9 (1.17%) C#
8 9 (1.17%) Perl
9 8 (1.04%) C++
9 8 (1.04%) PL/SQL
10 7 (0.91%) ANSI SQL
10 7 (0.91%) TypeScript
11 6 (0.78%) Ruby
12 5 (0.65%) ES6
12 5 (0.65%) Java 8
12 5 (0.65%) T-SQL
13 4 (0.52%) Go
13 4 (0.52%) VBA
Qualifications
1 96 (12.48%) Degree
2 72 (9.36%) CISSP
3 44 (5.72%) Security Cleared
4 36 (4.68%) SC Cleared
5 35 (4.55%) CISM
6 24 (3.12%) CRISC
7 23 (2.99%) CISA
8 16 (2.08%) FFIEC
9 13 (1.69%) Cisco Certification
9 13 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
9 13 (1.69%) ISEB
10 11 (1.43%) PMP
11 10 (1.30%) Master's Degree
11 10 (1.30%) TOGAF Certification
12 9 (1.17%) (ISC)2 CCSP
12 9 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
12 9 (1.17%) PMI Certification
12 9 (1.17%) SANS
13 6 (0.78%) GIAC
14 5 (0.65%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 126 (16.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 95 (12.35%) PCI DSS
3 77 (10.01%) NIST
4 49 (6.37%) Data Quality
5 31 (4.03%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 23 (2.99%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 22 (2.86%) Accessibility
7 22 (2.86%) QA
7 22 (2.86%) SLA
8 21 (2.73%) GRC
9 20 (2.60%) Cyber Essentials
9 20 (2.60%) PMO
10 16 (2.08%) NIST 800
11 14 (1.82%) MiFID
12 12 (1.56%) HIPAA
13 10 (1.30%) SOC 2
14 9 (1.17%) PSD2
15 6 (0.78%) COBIT
15 6 (0.78%) GLBA
16 5 (0.65%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 49 (6.37%) Active Directory
2 47 (6.11%) Docker
3 18 (2.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 14 (1.82%) VMware ESXi
5 13 (1.69%) Microsoft App-V
6 6 (0.78%) vSphere
6 6 (0.78%) XenApp
7 5 (0.65%) XenDesktop
8 3 (0.39%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.39%) NFS
8 3 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
8 3 (0.39%) Veritas File System
9 2 (0.26%) Veritas Volume Manager
10 1 (0.13%) HDFS
10 1 (0.13%) KVM
10 1 (0.13%) LXC
10 1 (0.13%) vCloud
10 1 (0.13%) Virtual Machines
10 1 (0.13%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 51 (6.63%) Kubernetes
2 27 (3.51%) Ansible
3 26 (3.38%) Microsoft Intune
4 24 (3.12%) Terraform
5 14 (1.82%) SCCM
6 12 (1.56%) Single Sign-On
7 10 (1.30%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 9 (1.17%) Tivoli
9 8 (1.04%) Control-M
9 8 (1.04%) EMC NetWorker
9 8 (1.04%) QRadar
9 8 (1.04%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 6 (0.78%) Opscode Chef
10 6 (0.78%) Puppet
11 5 (0.65%) CASB
12 4 (0.52%) Netcool
12 4 (0.52%) Red Hat Satellite
13 3 (0.39%) Data Guard
13 3 (0.39%) Icinga
14 2 (0.26%) NSN NetAct
Vendors
1 142 (18.47%) Microsoft
2 45 (5.85%) Oracle
3 40 (5.20%) IBM
4 33 (4.29%) SAP
5 26 (3.38%) VMware
6 25 (3.25%) Google
7 19 (2.47%) Ivanti
8 18 (2.34%) BiZZdesign
9 16 (2.08%) Qualys
10 15 (1.95%) Cisco
10 15 (1.95%) Red Hat
11 14 (1.82%) Splunk
12 13 (1.69%) ServiceNow
13 12 (1.56%) Adobe
13 12 (1.56%) Informatica
14 11 (1.43%) Citrix
14 11 (1.43%) CyberArk
15 9 (1.17%) Alteryx
15 9 (1.17%) EMC
16 8 (1.04%) BMC