Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 276 258 279
Rank change year-on-year -18 +21 -182
Contract jobs citing GDPR 494 594 966
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.92% 1.03% 1.01%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 8.38% 10.17% 9.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 321 376 600
10th Percentile £300 £309 £313
25th Percentile £400 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £484 £488
Median % change year-on-year +0.78% -0.77% +8.33%
75th Percentile £575 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £694 £673
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £450
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 14 6
10th Percentile £16.05 £25.68 £23.13
25th Percentile £18.88 £26.25 £27.00
Median hourly rate £25.50 £50.50 £34.50
Median % change year-on-year -49.50% +46.38% +91.45%
75th Percentile £29.82 £52.25 £39.69
90th Percentile £50.00 £53.00 £56.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.50 £50.50 £31.50
% change year-on-year -49.50% +60.32% +74.81%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 5,894 5,842 10,263
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.01% 10.17% 10.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,951 3,701 6,529
10th Percentile £263 £225 £252
25th Percentile £363 £350 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £450 £450
Median % change year-on-year +5.56% - -
75th Percentile £575 £556 £556
90th Percentile £656 £638 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 270 258 340
10th Percentile £11.36 £13.47 £10.74
25th Percentile £14.25 £17.27 £13.00
Median hourly rate £21.00 £22.50 £20.24
Median % change year-on-year -6.67% +11.17% -6.36%
75th Percentile £39.75 £46.38 £39.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.33 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.95 £21.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year -2.56% +7.50% -8.21%

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Daily rate trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Hourly rate trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -16 403 £488 -2.50% 296
London -13 215 £500 - 111
UK excluding London -22 193 £450 - 202
Work from Home -158 133 £491 +15.59% 61
South East +31 74 £475 -5.00% 43
North of England +17 52 £446 -0.83% 67
Yorkshire +25 31 £350 -22.22% 14
Scotland -20 21 £363 +13.28% 5
North West -3 19 £513 +15.82% 41
Midlands +1 15 £500 -23.08% 25
South West +37 14 £425 -10.53% 27
East of England +23 10 £500 +21.95% 21
West Midlands -6 8 £458 -29.62% 17
East Midlands +14 7 £500 +24.61% 8
Wales +12 6 £523 +12.37% 13
North East +27 2 £536 +4.63% 12
Northern Ireland - 1 £500 - 2

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT contractor jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 145 (29.35%) Agile Software Development
2 118 (23.89%) Finance
3 100 (20.24%) Data Protection
4 96 (19.43%) Information Security
5 86 (17.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 84 (17.00%) Azure
7 76 (15.38%) Microsoft
8 70 (14.17%) PCI DSS
9 65 (13.16%) Cybersecurity
10 61 (12.35%) Analytical Skills
10 61 (12.35%) Legal
11 55 (11.13%) SQL
11 55 (11.13%) Analytics
11 55 (11.13%) NIST
12 54 (10.93%) Project Delivery
12 54 (10.93%) Data Privacy
13 53 (10.73%) Stakeholder Management
14 51 (10.32%) Project Management
14 51 (10.32%) Data Management
14 51 (10.32%) AWS
15 50 (10.12%) Degree
16 49 (9.92%) TOGAF
17 47 (9.51%) Marketing
17 47 (9.51%) Data Modelling
18 44 (8.91%) CISSP
19 43 (8.70%) Security Cleared
20 42 (8.50%) Public Sector
20 42 (8.50%) Problem-Solving
21 40 (8.10%) ITIL
21 40 (8.10%) Management Information System

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (4.45%) Jadu
2 16 (3.24%) SharePoint
3 13 (2.63%) Apache Spark
3 13 (2.63%) CMS
3 13 (2.63%) Confluence
4 11 (2.23%) WordPress
5 7 (1.42%) WebSphere
6 6 (1.21%) Apache
6 6 (1.21%) Apache Solr
6 6 (1.21%) IIS
7 5 (1.01%) JBoss
8 4 (0.81%) NetWeaver
9 3 (0.61%) Skype for Business
9 3 (0.61%) WebLogic
10 2 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
10 2 (0.40%) Documentum
10 2 (0.40%) MS Exchange
10 2 (0.40%) nginx
10 2 (0.40%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 24 (4.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (3.24%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (3.04%) Chatbot
4 10 (2.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 5 (1.01%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (1.01%) Spreadsheet
6 4 (0.81%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.21%) Adobe Campaign
2 5 (1.01%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.61%) Infor M3
3 3 (0.61%) Minerva
3 3 (0.61%) SAP S/4HANA
3 3 (0.61%) SAP TEM
3 3 (0.61%) SDL Web 8
4 2 (0.40%) Oracle EBS
4 2 (0.40%) Oracle EBS R12
4 2 (0.40%) Shopify
5 1 (0.20%) Magento
5 1 (0.20%) Oracle Payroll
5 1 (0.20%) SAP HCM
5 1 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 1 (0.20%) SAP PM
5 1 (0.20%) Unit4 Business World
5 1 (0.20%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 84 (17.00%) Azure
2 51 (10.32%) AWS
3 34 (6.88%) Microsoft 365
4 22 (4.45%) SaaS
5 21 (4.25%) IaaS
6 18 (3.64%) PaaS
7 17 (3.44%) GCP
8 16 (3.24%) Power Platform
9 15 (3.04%) Cloud Computing
10 10 (2.02%) GitHub
11 9 (1.82%) Azure Cosmos DB
12 8 (1.62%) Serverless
13 7 (1.42%) Azure ExpressRoute
13 7 (1.42%) Google Analytics
14 6 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
15 5 (1.01%) Amazon S3
15 5 (1.01%) Azure Active Directory
15 5 (1.01%) Dynamics 365
15 5 (1.01%) OneDrive
16 3 (0.61%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 22 (4.45%) Firewall
2 16 (3.24%) DNS
3 14 (2.83%) Network Security
4 11 (2.23%) Internet
5 7 (1.42%) Skype
5 7 (1.42%) TCP/IP
5 7 (1.42%) VPN
5 7 (1.42%) WAN
6 6 (1.21%) PBX
6 6 (1.21%) SMS
6 6 (1.21%) Wireless
7 5 (1.01%) BGP
7 5 (1.01%) DMARC
7 5 (1.01%) SD-WAN
7 5 (1.01%) SMTP
8 4 (0.81%) DHCP
8 4 (0.81%) MPLS
8 4 (0.81%) SAN
8 4 (0.81%) VoIP
9 3 (0.61%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (4.86%) SQL Server
2 22 (4.45%) Data Warehouse
3 15 (3.04%) Power BI
4 14 (2.83%) Tableau
5 13 (2.63%) Relational Database
6 10 (2.02%) Big Data
6 10 (2.02%) Oracle Database
7 9 (1.82%) DB2
7 9 (1.82%) PostgreSQL
7 9 (1.82%) Star Schema
8 8 (1.62%) Data Vault
8 8 (1.62%) Hadoop
8 8 (1.62%) MySQL
8 8 (1.62%) RDBMS
9 7 (1.42%) Data Lake
9 7 (1.42%) MS Access
10 6 (1.21%) Azure SQL Database
10 6 (1.21%) Data Mining
10 6 (1.21%) SAP HANA
10 6 (1.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 23 (4.66%) JIRA
2 20 (4.05%) Git (software)
3 10 (2.02%) Jenkins
4 7 (1.42%) Burp Suite
5 6 (1.21%) PowerDesigner
6 5 (1.01%) Cucumber
6 5 (1.01%) Cypress.io
6 5 (1.01%) JUnit
6 5 (1.01%) Mockito
6 5 (1.01%) Selenium
6 5 (1.01%) Subversion
7 4 (0.81%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 3 (0.61%) LSMW
8 3 (0.61%) Serena SBM
8 3 (0.61%) SonarQube
8 3 (0.61%) TeamCity
8 3 (0.61%) Visual Studio
8 3 (0.61%) Visual Studio Team System
9 2 (0.40%) CircleCI
9 2 (0.40%) sqlmap
General
1 118 (23.89%) Finance
2 61 (12.35%) Legal
3 47 (9.51%) Marketing
4 42 (8.50%) Public Sector
5 36 (7.29%) Law
6 31 (6.28%) Banking
7 18 (3.64%) Local Government
8 16 (3.24%) Retail
9 15 (3.04%) Manufacturing
10 13 (2.63%) Telecoms
11 10 (2.02%) Financial Institution
11 10 (2.02%) Games
11 10 (2.02%) Pharmaceutical
12 9 (1.82%) Digital Economy
13 8 (1.62%) Advertising
14 7 (1.42%) Billing
15 6 (1.21%) Electronics
16 4 (0.81%) Publishing
17 3 (0.61%) Investment Banking
17 3 (0.61%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 98 (19.84%) Architect
2 75 (15.18%) Analyst
3 56 (11.34%) Consultant
4 36 (7.29%) Project Manager
5 35 (7.09%) Security Architect
6 30 (6.07%) Developer
7 27 (5.47%) Solutions Architect
8 23 (4.66%) Business Analyst
8 23 (4.66%) Data Architect
9 22 (4.45%) Security Consultant
10 20 (4.05%) Data Analyst
11 17 (3.44%) Cloud Architect
12 16 (3.24%) Data Manager
12 16 (3.24%) Information Manager
13 15 (3.04%) Data Engineer
14 13 (2.63%) Digital Architect
14 13 (2.63%) Digital Solutions Architect
15 12 (2.43%) Data Consultant
16 11 (2.23%) Data Protection Officer
17 10 (2.02%) Risk Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (4.66%) Web Services
2 21 (4.25%) RESTful
3 18 (3.64%) CSS
3 18 (3.64%) HTML
3 18 (3.64%) JSON
4 16 (3.24%) CSS3
4 16 (3.24%) HTML5
5 14 (2.83%) Twig
6 12 (2.43%) Middleware
7 11 (2.23%) .NET
8 10 (2.02%) Spring
9 9 (1.82%) Node.js
10 8 (1.62%) Unity (Game Engine)
11 7 (1.42%) AngularJS
12 6 (1.21%) React
12 6 (1.21%) SOAP
12 6 (1.21%) Velocity
13 5 (1.01%) .NET Core
13 5 (1.01%) Kafka
13 5 (1.01%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 61 (12.35%) Analytical Skills
2 40 (8.10%) Management Information System
3 26 (5.26%) Data Protection Act
4 19 (3.85%) User Experience
5 18 (3.64%) Social Media
6 16 (3.24%) Mobile App
7 14 (2.83%) Freedom of Information
8 13 (2.63%) NHS
9 12 (2.43%) Enterprise Software
10 11 (2.23%) Analytical Mindset
10 11 (2.23%) Freedom of Information Act
11 10 (2.02%) Data Centre
11 10 (2.02%) Public Cloud
12 9 (1.82%) Hedge funds
12 9 (1.82%) Reference Data
12 9 (1.82%) Virtual Team
13 8 (1.62%) Mobile Games
14 7 (1.42%) Cloud Native
15 6 (1.21%) Clustering
15 6 (1.21%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 36 (7.29%) Windows
2 33 (6.68%) Linux
3 15 (3.04%) Windows Server
4 11 (2.23%) Unix
5 9 (1.82%) Solaris
6 7 (1.42%) Windows Server 2012
6 7 (1.42%) Windows Server 2016
7 6 (1.21%) AIX
7 6 (1.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 6 (1.21%) Windows Server 2008
8 5 (1.01%) Kali Linux
8 5 (1.01%) Windows 10
9 4 (0.81%) Android
9 4 (0.81%) Windows Server 2019
10 3 (0.61%) CentOS
10 3 (0.61%) SUSE
10 3 (0.61%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.61%) Windows 7
11 2 (0.40%) Apple iOS
11 2 (0.40%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 145 (29.35%) Agile Software Development
2 100 (20.24%) Data Protection
3 96 (19.43%) Information Security
4 65 (13.16%) Cybersecurity
5 55 (11.13%) Analytics
6 54 (10.93%) Data Privacy
6 54 (10.93%) Project Delivery
7 53 (10.73%) Stakeholder Management
8 51 (10.32%) Data Management
8 51 (10.32%) Project Management
9 49 (9.92%) TOGAF
10 47 (9.51%) Data Modelling
11 42 (8.50%) Problem-Solving
12 40 (8.10%) ITIL
13 39 (7.89%) Continuous Improvement
13 39 (7.89%) Data Governance
14 38 (7.69%) DevOps
14 38 (7.69%) Migration
15 37 (7.49%) Risk Management
16 35 (7.09%) Decision-Making
Programming Languages
1 55 (11.13%) SQL
2 35 (7.09%) JavaScript
3 25 (5.06%) Python
4 24 (4.86%) Java
4 24 (4.86%) PHP
5 13 (2.63%) PowerShell
6 8 (1.62%) C
7 7 (1.42%) C#
7 7 (1.42%) TypeScript
8 6 (1.21%) ES6
8 6 (1.21%) PL/SQL
8 6 (1.21%) VBA
9 5 (1.01%) C++
9 5 (1.01%) Java 8
9 5 (1.01%) Perl
10 4 (0.81%) ABAP
11 3 (0.61%) T-SQL
12 2 (0.40%) ANSI SQL
12 2 (0.40%) Objective-C
12 2 (0.40%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 50 (10.12%) Degree
2 44 (8.91%) CISSP
3 43 (8.70%) Security Cleared
4 37 (7.49%) SC Cleared
5 27 (5.47%) CISM
6 19 (3.85%) CISA
7 14 (2.83%) CRISC
8 11 (2.23%) Cisco Certification
9 10 (2.02%) CCSP
9 10 (2.02%) TOGAF Certification
10 9 (1.82%) SANS
11 7 (1.42%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 7 (1.42%) Computer Science Degree
12 6 (1.21%) BPSS Clearance
12 6 (1.21%) ISEB
12 6 (1.21%) OSCP
13 5 (1.01%) CESG Certified Professional
13 5 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
14 4 (0.81%) CREST Certified
14 4 (0.81%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 86 (17.41%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 70 (14.17%) PCI DSS
3 55 (11.13%) NIST
4 35 (7.09%) Data Quality
5 24 (4.86%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 16 (3.24%) QA
7 15 (3.04%) GRC
8 12 (2.43%) HIPAA
9 11 (2.23%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 10 (2.02%) Cyber Essentials
10 10 (2.02%) SLA
11 9 (1.82%) COBIT
12 8 (1.62%) NCSC
13 7 (1.42%) NIST 800
13 7 (1.42%) PSD2
14 5 (1.01%) ISAE 3402
14 5 (1.01%) PMO
15 4 (0.81%) ISO 22301
15 4 (0.81%) ISO 9001
15 4 (0.81%) MiFID
System Software
1 17 (3.44%) Active Directory
2 11 (2.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 9 (1.82%) VMware ESXi
4 7 (1.42%) Docker
5 3 (0.61%) Hyper-V
6 2 (0.40%) HDFS
6 2 (0.40%) NFS
6 2 (0.40%) Veritas File System
7 1 (0.20%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 11 (2.23%) Ansible
2 9 (1.82%) Kubernetes
3 8 (1.62%) Nessus
4 5 (1.01%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
5 4 (0.81%) Terraform
6 3 (0.61%) CASB
6 3 (0.61%) Control-M
6 3 (0.61%) EMC NetWorker
6 3 (0.61%) IBM Guardium
6 3 (0.61%) Icinga
6 3 (0.61%) Netcool
6 3 (0.61%) QRadar
6 3 (0.61%) Single Sign-On
6 3 (0.61%) Tivoli
6 3 (0.61%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 3 (0.61%) Trend Micro Deep Security
7 2 (0.40%) Microsoft Intune
7 2 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
7 2 (0.40%) PingFederate
7 2 (0.40%) Puppet
Vendors
1 76 (15.38%) Microsoft
2 39 (7.89%) Oracle
3 33 (6.68%) SAP
4 25 (5.06%) IBM
5 16 (3.24%) Google
6 15 (3.04%) Cisco
6 15 (3.04%) VMware
7 13 (2.63%) Adobe
7 13 (2.63%) Red Hat
8 10 (2.02%) Salesforce.com
8 10 (2.02%) Splunk
9 7 (1.42%) Qualys
10 6 (1.21%) BiZZdesign
10 6 (1.21%) Citrix
11 5 (1.01%) Arista
11 5 (1.01%) Avaya
11 5 (1.01%) Barracuda Networks
11 5 (1.01%) CyberArk
11 5 (1.01%) Dell
11 5 (1.01%) Sage