Period
to 15 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Big Data skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Big Data over the 6 months to 15 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Big Data
Central London > City of London
6 months to
15 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 51 70 73
Rank change year-on-year +19 +3 -10
Permanent jobs citing Big Data 530 437 465
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 5.02% 4.20% 4.11%
As % of the Database & Business Intelligence category 16.47% 13.64% 13.30%
Number of salaries quoted 507 398 401
City of London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% -3.70%
10th Percentile £49,800 £47,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £108,250 £105,000
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% -

Big Data is in the Databases and Business Intelligence category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills.

All Database and Business Intelligence Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for database or business intelligence skills 3,218 3,204 3,497
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 30.45% 30.80% 30.89%
Number of salaries quoted 2,912 2,923 3,216
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% -
10th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £36,250
90th Percentile £96,250 £88,750 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +1.32%

Big Data
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Big Data as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Big Data in the City of London

Big Data
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Big Data in the City of London.

Salary trend for Big Data in the City of London

Big Data
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Big Data in the City of London over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Big Data in the City of London

Big Data
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Big Data within the City of London region over the 6 months to 15 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -4 1 £87,500 -
Big Data
Central London

For the 6 months to 15 December 2018, IT jobs citing Big Data also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Big Data.

1 313 (59.06%) Java
2 250 (47.17%) Agile Software Development
3 166 (31.32%) Continuous Integration
4 154 (29.06%) Java 8
5 150 (28.30%) TDD
6 149 (28.11%) Finance
7 135 (25.47%) Python
8 133 (25.09%) Hadoop
9 125 (23.58%) Analytics
10 124 (23.40%) SQL
11 108 (20.38%) Apache Spark
12 105 (19.81%) Microservices
13 91 (17.17%) Amazon AWS
14 86 (16.23%) Data Science
15 84 (15.85%) Kafka
16 81 (15.28%) DevOps
17 75 (14.15%) Microsoft Azure
18 72 (13.58%) Scala
18 72 (13.58%) Machine Learning
19 71 (13.40%) Banking
19 71 (13.40%) Software Engineering
20 69 (13.02%) Data Analytics
21 68 (12.83%) JavaScript
22 65 (12.26%) ETL
23 63 (11.89%) NoSQL
24 55 (10.38%) Docker
25 53 (10.00%) Data Warehouse
26 52 (9.81%) Fintech
27 51 (9.62%) Artificial Intelligence
28 50 (9.43%) C#

Big Data
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (20.38%) Apache Spark
2 24 (4.53%) Elasticsearch
3 14 (2.64%) SAS
4 11 (2.08%) Apache
5 9 (1.70%) Confluence
6 6 (1.13%) Apache Pig
7 3 (0.57%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (0.57%) WebSphere
7 3 (0.57%) WebSphere Application Server
8 2 (0.38%) Apache Solr
8 2 (0.38%) IIS
8 2 (0.38%) Jetty
8 2 (0.38%) Jupyter
8 2 (0.38%) SharePoint
8 2 (0.38%) Tomcat
9 1 (0.19%) CMS
9 1 (0.19%) Luigi
9 1 (0.19%) MS Exchange
9 1 (0.19%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.19%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 9 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.19%) GNU Octave
3 1 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 4 (0.75%) MetaTrader
Cloud Services
1 91 (17.17%) Amazon AWS
2 75 (14.15%) Microsoft Azure
3 23 (4.34%) Google Cloud Platform
4 17 (3.21%) GitHub
5 11 (2.08%) Serverless
6 8 (1.51%) Amazon EMR
7 7 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
7 7 (1.32%) Azure Data Factory
7 7 (1.32%) Azure Functions
7 7 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (1.13%) Amazon S3
8 6 (1.13%) BlazeMeter
8 6 (1.13%) Data Lake Analytics
9 5 (0.94%) Azure Machine Learning
10 4 (0.75%) Amazon Kinesis
10 4 (0.75%) Apigee
11 3 (0.57%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 3 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.57%) PaaS
11 3 (0.57%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.51%) Firewall
1 8 (1.51%) Internet
1 8 (1.51%) VPN
2 6 (1.13%) AMQP
3 2 (0.38%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.19%) Kerberos
4 1 (0.19%) LAN
4 1 (0.19%) NAS
4 1 (0.19%) PABX
4 1 (0.19%) SAN
4 1 (0.19%) SSL
4 1 (0.19%) VoIP
4 1 (0.19%) WAN
4 1 (0.19%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 133 (25.09%) Hadoop
2 63 (11.89%) NoSQL
3 53 (10.00%) Data Warehouse
4 46 (8.68%) Apache Hive
5 41 (7.74%) SQL Server
6 40 (7.55%) Relational Database
7 36 (6.79%) Apache Cassandra
8 32 (6.04%) PostgreSQL
9 30 (5.66%) Data Lake
10 23 (4.34%) MongoDB
11 22 (4.15%) MySQL
12 20 (3.77%) HBase
12 20 (3.77%) Power BI
13 19 (3.58%) Redis
13 19 (3.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 14 (2.64%) Flink
14 14 (2.64%) RDBMS
15 13 (2.45%) Amazon Redshift
15 13 (2.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 10 (1.89%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 50 (9.43%) Jenkins
2 32 (6.04%) Git (software)
3 24 (4.53%) Maven
4 11 (2.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 11 (2.08%) JIRA
4 11 (2.08%) TeamCity
5 9 (1.70%) Octopus Deploy
5 9 (1.70%) Visual Studio Team System
6 8 (1.51%) Visual Studio
7 6 (1.13%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
8 5 (0.94%) GitLab
8 5 (0.94%) JUnit
8 5 (0.94%) SpecFlow
8 5 (0.94%) Travis CI
8 5 (0.94%) tSQLt
9 4 (0.75%) Gradle
9 4 (0.75%) Sonatype Nexus
9 4 (0.75%) webpack
10 3 (0.57%) IBM UrbanCode
10 3 (0.57%) Jasmine
General
1 149 (28.11%) Finance
2 71 (13.40%) Banking
3 17 (3.21%) Law
4 14 (2.64%) Retail
5 13 (2.45%) Advertising
5 13 (2.45%) Investment Banking
5 13 (2.45%) Marketing
6 9 (1.70%) Front Office
7 8 (1.51%) Games
7 8 (1.51%) Pharmaceutical
8 7 (1.32%) Telecoms
9 5 (0.94%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.94%) Retail Banking
10 2 (0.38%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.38%) Publishing
11 1 (0.19%) Automotive
11 1 (0.19%) Electronics
11 1 (0.19%) International Banking
11 1 (0.19%) Legal
11 1 (0.19%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 313 (59.06%) Developer
2 225 (42.45%) Java Developer
3 65 (12.26%) Data Engineer
4 63 (11.89%) Big Data Developer
5 59 (11.13%) Core Java Developer
6 32 (6.04%) Data Scientist
7 28 (5.28%) Architect
8 27 (5.09%) Senior Developer
9 24 (4.53%) Python Developer
10 23 (4.34%) C++ Developer
10 23 (4.34%) C++/Java Developer
10 23 (4.34%) Java Developer - Fintech
11 22 (4.15%) Low Latency C++ Developer
11 22 (4.15%) Low Latency Java Developer
11 22 (4.15%) Scala Developer
12 21 (3.96%) Agile Developer
12 21 (3.96%) Agile Java Developer
12 21 (3.96%) Big Data Engineer
13 20 (3.77%) Lead Developer
14 19 (3.58%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 84 (15.85%) Kafka
2 40 (7.55%) .NET
3 39 (7.36%) REST
4 35 (6.60%) React
5 30 (5.66%) HTML
6 28 (5.28%) Redux
7 27 (5.09%) Spring
8 23 (4.34%) Web Services
9 21 (3.96%) RESTful
10 19 (3.58%) Node.js
11 18 (3.40%) CSS
12 17 (3.21%) AngularJS
12 17 (3.21%) Pandas
12 17 (3.21%) XML
13 16 (3.02%) Hibernate
14 14 (2.64%) Apache Avro
14 14 (2.64%) JAX-RS
15 13 (2.45%) HTML5
15 13 (2.45%) NumPy
16 12 (2.26%) Akka
Miscellaneous
1 52 (9.81%) Fintech
2 46 (8.68%) Analytical Skills
3 44 (8.30%) Greenfield Project
4 37 (6.98%) Algorithms
5 24 (4.53%) Data Structures
6 15 (2.83%) Market Risk
7 10 (1.89%) Life Science
7 10 (1.89%) Spread Betting
8 8 (1.51%) Mobile App
8 8 (1.51%) Virtual Team
9 7 (1.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 7 (1.32%) Management Information System
10 6 (1.13%) Credit Risk
10 6 (1.13%) Cyberattack
10 6 (1.13%) Cybercrime
10 6 (1.13%) Hedge funds
11 5 (0.94%) Self-Motivation
12 4 (0.75%) Public Cloud
12 4 (0.75%) Social Media
12 4 (0.75%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 48 (9.06%) Linux
2 14 (2.64%) Windows
3 13 (2.45%) Unix
4 6 (1.13%) HPUX
4 6 (1.13%) Solaris
5 5 (0.94%) AIX
6 4 (0.75%) Android
6 4 (0.75%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.75%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.19%) CentOS
8 1 (0.19%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 250 (47.17%) Agile Software Development
2 166 (31.32%) Continuous Integration
3 150 (28.30%) TDD
4 125 (23.58%) Analytics
5 105 (19.81%) Microservices
6 86 (16.23%) Data Science
7 81 (15.28%) DevOps
8 72 (13.58%) Machine Learning
9 71 (13.40%) Software Engineering
10 69 (13.02%) Data Analytics
11 65 (12.26%) ETL
12 51 (9.62%) Artificial Intelligence
13 42 (7.92%) Computer Science
14 34 (6.42%) Low Latency
15 33 (6.23%) Open Source
16 32 (6.04%) Business Intelligence
16 32 (6.04%) Test Automation
17 25 (4.72%) Data Integration
17 25 (4.72%) Data Modelling
17 25 (4.72%) OO
Programming Languages
1 313 (59.06%) Java
2 154 (29.06%) Java 8
3 135 (25.47%) Python
4 124 (23.40%) SQL
5 72 (13.58%) Scala
6 68 (12.83%) JavaScript
7 50 (9.43%) C#
8 36 (6.79%) C++
8 36 (6.79%) R
9 18 (3.40%) Bash Shell
10 15 (2.83%) T-SQL
11 12 (2.26%) ES6
12 10 (1.89%) PowerShell
13 9 (1.70%) VB
14 8 (1.51%) Kotlin
15 7 (1.32%) ES7
15 7 (1.32%) Ruby
16 5 (0.94%) Perl
16 5 (0.94%) TypeScript
16 5 (0.94%) U-SQL
Qualifications
1 42 (7.92%) Degree
2 14 (2.64%) PhD
3 13 (2.45%) Computer Science Degree
4 7 (1.32%) Numerate Degree
5 6 (1.13%) CEH
5 6 (1.13%) CISM
5 6 (1.13%) CISSP
5 6 (1.13%) Postgraduate
6 3 (0.57%) SC Cleared
6 3 (0.57%) Security Cleared
7 1 (0.19%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.19%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.08%) Data Quality
2 6 (1.13%) QA
3 2 (0.38%) MiFID
4 1 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.19%) FATCA
4 1 (0.19%) GDPR
4 1 (0.19%) IFRS
4 1 (0.19%) IFRS 9
4 1 (0.19%) ISO 20022
4 1 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 1 (0.19%) PMO
4 1 (0.19%) Solvency II
System Software
1 55 (10.38%) Docker
2 30 (5.66%) HDFS
3 18 (3.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 7 (1.32%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.75%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.57%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.57%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 3 (0.57%) VirtualBox
6 3 (0.57%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 38 (7.17%) Kubernetes
2 29 (5.47%) Puppet
3 16 (3.02%) Ansible
4 15 (2.83%) Oozie
5 10 (1.89%) Kibana
6 8 (1.51%) Terraform
7 7 (1.32%) Prometheus
8 6 (1.13%) Hadoop YARN
9 5 (0.94%) Opscode Chef
10 4 (0.75%) logstash
11 3 (0.57%) Grafana
11 3 (0.57%) Graphite
11 3 (0.57%) Mesos
11 3 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.57%) Tivoli
12 1 (0.19%) Ambari
12 1 (0.19%) Capistrano
12 1 (0.19%) Nagios
12 1 (0.19%) Salt
Vendors
1 40 (7.55%) Microsoft
2 36 (6.79%) Oracle
3 28 (5.28%) Tableau
4 24 (4.53%) Google
5 14 (2.64%) Cloudera
6 13 (2.45%) Hortonworks
7 12 (2.26%) IBM
8 9 (1.70%) MapR
9 7 (1.32%) Solace
10 4 (0.75%) Talend
11 3 (0.57%) Cognos
11 3 (0.57%) Databricks
11 3 (0.57%) Greenplum
11 3 (0.57%) VMware
12 2 (0.38%) Ab Initio
12 2 (0.38%) Facebook
12 2 (0.38%) HP
12 2 (0.38%) Informatica
12 2 (0.38%) SAP
12 2 (0.38%) Xamarin