Period
to 19 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 19 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 99 191 254
Rank change year-on-year +92 +63 +106
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 328 143 123
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.08% 1.38% 0.88%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.38% 1.54% 0.98%
Number of salaries quoted 303 137 104
City of London median annual salary £72,500 £67,500 £72,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.41% -6.90% +11.54%
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
90th Percentile £112,250 £110,000 £135,000
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £72,500
% change year-on-year +7.69% -10.34% +11.54%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 9,716 9,281 12,532
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 91.10% 89.54% 89.64%
Number of salaries quoted 8,642 8,451 11,052
City of London median annual salary £61,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.50% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £36,750 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £57,604 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.16% +0.18% +4.55%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 February 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 3 £90,000 -
London Bridge - 1 £62,500 -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 February 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 216 (65.85%) Python
2 155 (47.26%) Data Science
3 118 (35.98%) Big Data
4 107 (32.62%) Java
5 103 (31.40%) SQL
6 96 (29.27%) Apache Spark
7 88 (26.83%) Hadoop
8 81 (24.70%) Algorithms
9 78 (23.78%) Analytics
10 77 (23.48%) Agile Software Development
11 75 (22.87%) Finance
12 68 (20.73%) Amazon AWS
13 66 (20.12%) Scala
14 59 (17.99%) R
15 58 (17.68%) Degree
16 56 (17.07%) C++
17 55 (16.77%) Software Engineering
18 53 (16.16%) Computer Science
19 52 (15.85%) Fintech
20 51 (15.55%) PhD
21 50 (15.24%) Artificial Intelligence
22 48 (14.63%) PostgreSQL
23 47 (14.33%) JavaScript
24 46 (14.02%) Docker
25 45 (13.72%) MongoDB
26 41 (12.50%) C#
26 41 (12.50%) Statistics
27 37 (11.28%) Natural Language Processing
27 37 (11.28%) Kafka
28 34 (10.37%) Tableau

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (29.27%) Apache Spark
2 17 (5.18%) SAS
3 16 (4.88%) Elasticsearch
4 10 (3.05%) Apache
5 8 (2.44%) Apache Pig
6 6 (1.83%) Tomcat
7 3 (0.91%) Apache Airflow
8 2 (0.61%) Luigi
9 1 (0.30%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.30%) CMS
9 1 (0.30%) Jupyter
9 1 (0.30%) Kentico
9 1 (0.30%) OpenStack
9 1 (0.30%) Sitecore CMS
9 1 (0.30%) Sitefinity
9 1 (0.30%) Umbraco
9 1 (0.30%) WebLogic
Applications
1 8 (2.44%) SPSS
2 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 1 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
1 1 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 68 (20.73%) Amazon AWS
2 31 (9.45%) Microsoft Azure
3 14 (4.27%) Azure Data Factory
3 14 (4.27%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
3 14 (4.27%) Serverless
4 13 (3.96%) AWS Lambda
5 8 (2.44%) SaaS
6 6 (1.83%) IaaS
7 4 (1.22%) Amazon S3
7 4 (1.22%) Cloud Computing
7 4 (1.22%) Google Cloud Platform
8 3 (0.91%) AdWords
8 3 (0.91%) Amazon EC2
8 3 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (0.91%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 2 (0.61%) Azure Machine Learning
9 2 (0.61%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 1 (0.30%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 1 (0.30%) Amazon Kinesis
10 1 (0.30%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.13%) Internet
1 7 (2.13%) SMTP
2 3 (0.91%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (35.98%) Big Data
2 88 (26.83%) Hadoop
3 48 (14.63%) PostgreSQL
4 45 (13.72%) MongoDB
5 32 (9.76%) NoSQL
6 27 (8.23%) Apache Cassandra
7 26 (7.93%) Apache Hive
7 26 (7.93%) Data Mining
8 21 (6.40%) Power BI
9 20 (6.10%) Data Lake
10 15 (4.57%) HBase
11 12 (3.66%) Amazon Redshift
11 12 (3.66%) Azure SQL Database
11 12 (3.66%) MySQL
12 11 (3.35%) QlikView
13 8 (2.44%) Data Warehouse
13 8 (2.44%) Relational Database
14 6 (1.83%) Flink
15 5 (1.52%) Impala
15 5 (1.52%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 24 (7.32%) Git (software)
2 12 (3.66%) Visual Studio
3 5 (1.52%) TeamCity
4 4 (1.22%) CMake
4 4 (1.22%) Octopus Deploy
4 4 (1.22%) Sonatype Nexus
5 2 (0.61%) Cucumber
5 2 (0.61%) git-flow
5 2 (0.61%) Jasmine
5 2 (0.61%) Karma Test Runner
5 2 (0.61%) Maven
5 2 (0.61%) Mocha
5 2 (0.61%) Selenium
5 2 (0.61%) Visual Studio Team System
5 2 (0.61%) WebDriver
5 2 (0.61%) webpack
6 1 (0.30%) gulp
6 1 (0.30%) JIRA
6 1 (0.30%) Protractor
6 1 (0.30%) Subversion
General
1 75 (22.87%) Finance
2 19 (5.79%) Marketing
3 16 (4.88%) Banking
4 15 (4.57%) Front Office
5 11 (3.35%) Retail
6 8 (2.44%) Advertising
6 8 (2.44%) Games
6 8 (2.44%) Legal
7 5 (1.52%) Law
8 4 (1.22%) Automotive
9 2 (0.61%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.30%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.30%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.30%) Mandarin Language
10 1 (0.30%) Multimedia
10 1 (0.30%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 106 (32.32%) Developer
2 63 (19.21%) Data Scientist
3 33 (10.06%) Data Engineer
3 33 (10.06%) Python Developer
4 29 (8.84%) Java Developer
5 25 (7.62%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 18 (5.49%) Big Data Engineer
7 17 (5.18%) Software Engineer
8 14 (4.27%) Analyst
8 14 (4.27%) Quantitative Developer
9 12 (3.66%) Junior
10 11 (3.35%) Senior Data Engineer
10 11 (3.35%) Senior Data Scientist
11 10 (3.05%) C++ Developer
11 10 (3.05%) Machine Learning Developer
12 9 (2.74%) Chief Technology Officer
12 9 (2.74%) Consultant
12 9 (2.74%) DevOps Engineer
12 9 (2.74%) Node.js Developer
13 8 (2.44%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (11.28%) Kafka
1 37 (11.28%) Natural Language Processing
2 34 (10.37%) Node.js
3 26 (7.93%) React
4 21 (6.40%) CSS
5 20 (6.10%) AngularJS
6 18 (5.49%) HTML
7 15 (4.57%) NumPy
7 15 (4.57%) TensorFlow
8 14 (4.27%) .NET
8 14 (4.27%) RabbitMQ
8 14 (4.27%) scikit-learn
9 12 (3.66%) Pandas
10 11 (3.35%) GraphX
11 9 (2.74%) Ruby on Rails
12 7 (2.13%) D3.js
13 6 (1.83%) Akka
13 6 (1.83%) ASP.NET
13 6 (1.83%) Struts
13 6 (1.83%) Theano
Miscellaneous
1 81 (24.70%) Algorithms
2 53 (16.16%) Computer Science
3 52 (15.85%) Fintech
4 16 (4.88%) Analytical Skills
5 15 (4.57%) Equities
5 15 (4.57%) Greenfield Project
6 14 (4.27%) Life Science
7 10 (3.05%) Hedge funds
8 9 (2.74%) User Experience
9 7 (2.13%) Social Media
10 6 (1.83%) Cyberthreat
10 6 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 5 (1.52%) Credit Risk
11 5 (1.52%) Fixed Income
11 5 (1.52%) Robotics
12 4 (1.22%) Virtual Team
13 3 (0.91%) Digital Media
14 2 (0.61%) Internet of Things
14 2 (0.61%) Mobile App
14 2 (0.61%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 16 (4.88%) Linux
2 1 (0.30%) CentOS
2 1 (0.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 1 (0.30%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 155 (47.26%) Data Science
2 78 (23.78%) Analytics
3 77 (23.48%) Agile Software Development
4 55 (16.77%) Software Engineering
5 50 (15.24%) Artificial Intelligence
6 41 (12.50%) Statistics
7 34 (10.37%) TDD
8 33 (10.06%) Business Intelligence
8 33 (10.06%) DevOps
8 33 (10.06%) Microservices
9 32 (9.76%) Mathematics
10 28 (8.54%) Visualisation
11 27 (8.23%) Deep Learning
12 24 (7.32%) Algorithmic Trading
12 24 (7.32%) Data Analysis
12 24 (7.32%) ETL
13 23 (7.01%) Data Engineering
14 22 (6.71%) Data Analytics
15 20 (6.10%) Low Latency
16 19 (5.79%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 216 (65.85%) Python
2 107 (32.62%) Java
3 103 (31.40%) SQL
4 66 (20.12%) Scala
5 59 (17.99%) R
6 56 (17.07%) C++
7 47 (14.33%) JavaScript
8 41 (12.50%) C#
9 22 (6.71%) C
10 20 (6.10%) MATLAB
11 17 (5.18%) Ruby
12 10 (3.05%) Go
13 8 (2.44%) Shell Script
13 8 (2.44%) T-SQL
14 6 (1.83%) U-SQL
15 5 (1.52%) F#
15 5 (1.52%) PHP
16 4 (1.22%) Fortran
16 4 (1.22%) PowerShell
17 3 (0.91%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 58 (17.68%) Degree
2 51 (15.55%) PhD
3 28 (8.54%) Computer Science Degree
4 10 (3.05%) Master's Degree
5 3 (0.91%) Numerate Degree
5 3 (0.91%) Security Cleared
6 2 (0.61%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.30%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.30%) MBA
7 1 (0.30%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.30%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.74%) Data Quality
2 4 (1.22%) GDPR
2 4 (1.22%) Solvency II
3 2 (0.61%) QA
4 1 (0.30%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.30%) EMIR
4 1 (0.30%) FATCA
4 1 (0.30%) IFRS
4 1 (0.30%) IFRS 9
4 1 (0.30%) MiFID
System Software
1 46 (14.02%) Docker
2 6 (1.83%) Apache Flume
2 6 (1.83%) Virtual Machines
3 2 (0.61%) HDFS
4 1 (0.30%) LXC
Systems Management
1 22 (6.71%) Ansible
2 17 (5.18%) Kubernetes
3 12 (3.66%) Hadoop YARN
4 11 (3.35%) Mesos
5 7 (2.13%) Puppet
5 7 (2.13%) Terraform
6 5 (1.52%) Oozie
7 3 (0.91%) Docker Swarm
7 3 (0.91%) Nagios
8 2 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.61%) Rancher
9 1 (0.30%) Packer
9 1 (0.30%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 34 (10.37%) Tableau
2 33 (10.06%) Google
3 23 (7.01%) Microsoft
4 15 (4.57%) IBM
5 11 (3.35%) Adthena
6 10 (3.05%) Hortonworks
7 9 (2.74%) Cloudera
7 9 (2.74%) MapR
8 7 (2.13%) Facebook
9 5 (1.52%) Teradata
10 4 (1.22%) Oracle
10 4 (1.22%) SAP
11 3 (0.91%) Autodesk
11 3 (0.91%) Capita
12 2 (0.61%) Apple
12 2 (0.61%) T-Plan
13 1 (0.30%) hybris
13 1 (0.30%) MicroStrategy
13 1 (0.30%) PagerDuty
13 1 (0.30%) Talend