Period
to 22 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 22 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 86 69 73
Rank change year-on-year -17 +4 +26
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 201 155 411
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.41% 3.97% 4.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.61% 4.20% 4.40%
Number of salaries quoted 174 139 379
10th Percentile £46,250 £50,000 £51,250
25th Percentile £55,313 £62,500 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £73,750 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year -1.67% - +3.45%
75th Percentile £92,500 £92,500 £90,000
90th Percentile £114,250 £105,000 £105,000
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £75,000 £75,000
% change year-on-year -10.00% - +7.14%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,566 3,688 9,340
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 94.47% 94.52% 93.92%
Number of salaries quoted 4,971 3,203 8,274
10th Percentile £42,500 £44,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,500 £102,500 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,250 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +0.36% +7.69% +4.00%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 September 2021, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 122 (60.70%) Python
2 113 (56.22%) Data Science
3 76 (37.81%) Artificial Intelligence
4 61 (30.35%) SQL
5 58 (28.86%) Analytics
6 52 (25.87%) AWS
7 47 (23.38%) Agile Software Development
8 39 (19.40%) Computer Science
8 39 (19.40%) R
9 34 (16.92%) Azure
10 33 (16.42%) Mathematics
10 33 (16.42%) Physics
10 33 (16.42%) Finance
11 32 (15.92%) Degree
12 31 (15.42%) PhD
13 29 (14.43%) Java
13 29 (14.43%) Kubernetes
14 28 (13.93%) DevOps
14 28 (13.93%) Statistics
15 27 (13.43%) Visualisation
15 27 (13.43%) Algorithms
16 25 (12.44%) Advertising
17 24 (11.94%) C#
17 24 (11.94%) Marketing
17 24 (11.94%) Deep Learning
17 24 (11.94%) Analytical Skills
18 23 (11.44%) Apache Spark
19 22 (10.95%) Data Engineering
19 22 (10.95%) Docker
19 22 (10.95%) TensorFlow

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (11.44%) Apache Spark
2 9 (4.48%) Apache Airflow
3 8 (3.98%) SAS
4 7 (3.48%) Apache
5 2 (1.00%) Apache Pig
6 1 (0.50%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.50%) Tornado
Applications
1 4 (1.99%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.50%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.50%) SPSS
2 1 (0.50%) Weka
Business Applications
1 4 (1.99%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 52 (25.87%) AWS
2 34 (16.92%) Azure
3 17 (8.46%) GCP
4 12 (5.97%) AWS CloudFormation
5 9 (4.48%) Serverless
6 7 (3.48%) Azure Data Factory
6 7 (3.48%) Azure Functions
6 7 (3.48%) Power Platform
6 7 (3.48%) SaaS
7 5 (2.49%) Azure Cosmos DB
7 5 (2.49%) GitHub
8 4 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
8 4 (1.99%) Snowflake
9 3 (1.49%) Amazon Kinesis
9 3 (1.49%) Amazon S3
9 3 (1.49%) Google Analytics
9 3 (1.49%) Google Data Studio
10 2 (1.00%) Azure LUIS
10 2 (1.00%) Azure Storage
11 1 (0.50%) Amazon SageMaker
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.99%) Network Security
2 3 (1.49%) Firewall
3 1 (0.50%) Internet
3 1 (0.50%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (9.95%) Blockchain
2 16 (7.96%) Big Data
2 16 (7.96%) Relational Database
2 16 (7.96%) Tableau
3 9 (4.48%) Data Mining
4 8 (3.98%) SQL Server
5 7 (3.48%) Power BI
6 6 (2.99%) KDB
6 6 (2.99%) MongoDB
6 6 (2.99%) NoSQL
7 5 (2.49%) Data Lake
8 4 (1.99%) Amazon RDS
8 4 (1.99%) Looker
9 3 (1.49%) Amazon QuickSight
9 3 (1.49%) Apache Hive
9 3 (1.49%) Data Warehouse
9 3 (1.49%) Presto
10 2 (1.00%) Apache Cassandra
10 2 (1.00%) Hadoop
10 2 (1.00%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 17 (8.46%) Jenkins
2 11 (5.47%) Git (software)
3 5 (2.49%) git-flow
4 4 (1.99%) Cucumber
4 4 (1.99%) Postman
4 4 (1.99%) Selenium
5 1 (0.50%) Bitbucket
5 1 (0.50%) Checkstyle
General
1 33 (16.42%) Finance
2 25 (12.44%) Advertising
3 24 (11.94%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (11.94%) Marketing
4 19 (9.45%) Games
4 19 (9.45%) Social Skills
5 18 (8.96%) Retail
6 16 (7.96%) Publishing
7 12 (5.97%) Banking
8 11 (5.47%) Front Office
9 8 (3.98%) Presentation Skills
10 7 (3.48%) Investment Banking
10 7 (3.48%) Law
11 5 (2.49%) Legal
12 2 (1.00%) Documentation Skills
12 2 (1.00%) Manufacturing
12 2 (1.00%) Public Sector
13 1 (0.50%) Electronics
13 1 (0.50%) Inclusion and Diversity
13 1 (0.50%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 38 (18.91%) Data Scientist
2 29 (14.43%) Developer
3 27 (13.43%) Data Engineer
4 14 (6.97%) DevOps Engineer
4 14 (6.97%) Senior Data Scientist
5 12 (5.97%) Analyst
6 11 (5.47%) Data Manager
6 11 (5.47%) Java Engineer
6 11 (5.47%) Python Engineer
7 10 (4.98%) C# Developer
7 10 (4.98%) C# Quant Developer
7 10 (4.98%) Quantitative Developer
8 9 (4.48%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 8 (3.98%) Product Manager
9 8 (3.98%) Python Developer
10 6 (2.99%) Architect
10 6 (2.99%) DevOps Manager
10 6 (2.99%) Games Engineer
10 6 (2.99%) Graduate
10 6 (2.99%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (10.95%) TensorFlow
2 17 (8.46%) React
3 16 (7.96%) REST
4 15 (7.46%) AngularJS
5 11 (5.47%) .NET
5 11 (5.47%) Spring
5 11 (5.47%) Spring Boot
6 10 (4.98%) Keras
7 8 (3.98%) MXNet
7 8 (3.98%) PyTorch
8 7 (3.48%) Caffe
8 7 (3.48%) Theano
8 7 (3.48%) Torch
9 6 (2.99%) Kafka
9 6 (2.99%) Node.js
10 5 (2.49%) CSS
10 5 (2.49%) HTML
10 5 (2.49%) scikit-learn
11 4 (1.99%) Unity (Game Engine)
11 4 (1.99%) Unreal Engine
Miscellaneous
1 27 (13.43%) Algorithms
2 18 (8.96%) User Experience
3 14 (6.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 13 (6.47%) Public Cloud
5 10 (4.98%) Equities
5 10 (4.98%) Exotic Derivative
5 10 (4.98%) Market Risk
6 6 (2.99%) Fixed Income
7 5 (2.49%) Data Structures
7 5 (2.49%) Social Media
8 4 (1.99%) Video\Live Streaming
9 3 (1.49%) Mobile App
9 3 (1.49%) Mobile Games
9 3 (1.49%) NHS
10 2 (1.00%) Cyber Kill Chain
10 2 (1.00%) Cyberthreat
10 2 (1.00%) Data Centre
10 2 (1.00%) Enterprise Cloud
10 2 (1.00%) Hedge funds
10 2 (1.00%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 11 (5.47%) Linux
2 8 (3.98%) Unix
3 1 (0.50%) Apple iOS
3 1 (0.50%) Mac OS
3 1 (0.50%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 113 (56.22%) Data Science
2 76 (37.81%) Artificial Intelligence
3 58 (28.86%) Analytics
4 47 (23.38%) Agile Software Development
5 39 (19.40%) Computer Science
6 33 (16.42%) Mathematics
6 33 (16.42%) Physics
7 28 (13.93%) DevOps
7 28 (13.93%) Statistics
8 27 (13.43%) Visualisation
9 24 (11.94%) Deep Learning
10 22 (10.95%) Data Engineering
11 21 (10.45%) Natural Language Processing
12 20 (9.95%) Business Intelligence
12 20 (9.95%) Statistical Modelling
13 19 (9.45%) Data Pipeline
14 17 (8.46%) E-Commerce
14 17 (8.46%) Mentoring
15 16 (7.96%) Data Analytics
15 16 (7.96%) Data Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 122 (60.70%) Python
2 61 (30.35%) SQL
3 39 (19.40%) R
4 29 (14.43%) Java
5 24 (11.94%) C#
6 14 (6.97%) JavaScript
7 13 (6.47%) TypeScript
8 11 (5.47%) MATLAB
9 8 (3.98%) C++
9 8 (3.98%) Scala
9 8 (3.98%) Shell Script
9 8 (3.98%) T-SQL
10 6 (2.99%) Perl
11 4 (1.99%) C
12 3 (1.49%) VBA
13 1 (0.50%) Apple Swift
13 1 (0.50%) Bash Shell
13 1 (0.50%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 32 (15.92%) Degree
2 31 (15.42%) PhD
3 16 (7.96%) Master's Degree
4 12 (5.97%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (1.49%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (1.00%) CEH
6 2 (1.00%) CISSP
6 2 (1.00%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (10.95%) QA
2 10 (4.98%) Dodd-Frank
2 10 (4.98%) EMIR
2 10 (4.98%) MiFID
3 7 (3.48%) Data Quality
4 3 (1.49%) Accessibility
5 2 (1.00%) GDPR
System Software
1 22 (10.95%) Docker
2 1 (0.50%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 29 (14.43%) Kubernetes
2 16 (7.96%) Terraform
3 5 (2.49%) Kubeflow
4 1 (0.50%) Ansible
4 1 (0.50%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.50%) Puppet
Vendors
1 11 (5.47%) Microsoft
2 7 (3.48%) Google
3 3 (1.49%) Alteryx
4 2 (1.00%) IBM
4 2 (1.00%) MicroStrategy
5 1 (0.50%) Apple
5 1 (0.50%) Automation Anywhere
5 1 (0.50%) Blue Prism
5 1 (0.50%) Databricks
5 1 (0.50%) Dataiku
5 1 (0.50%) ESRI
5 1 (0.50%) Facebook
5 1 (0.50%) Kofax
5 1 (0.50%) Pega
5 1 (0.50%) SAP
5 1 (0.50%) UiPath