Period
to 18 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 18 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 88 128 230
Rank change year-on-year +40 +102 +144
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 396 237 159
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.59% 2.34% 1.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.89% 2.58% 1.30%
Number of salaries quoted 369 221 134
City of London median annual salary £72,500 £67,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.41% +12.50% -4.00%
10th Percentile £38,750 £45,000 £41,250
90th Percentile £108,750 £100,000 £96,750
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.70% +12.50% -7.69%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 10,180 9,200 12,225
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 92.30% 90.84% 91.29%
Number of salaries quoted 9,006 8,282 11,015
City of London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £35,250
90th Percentile £93,750 £91,250 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 June 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 5 £75,000 -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 18 June 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 211 (53.28%) Python
2 173 (43.69%) Data Science
3 156 (39.39%) Big Data
4 143 (36.11%) SQL
5 132 (33.33%) Artificial Intelligence
6 131 (33.08%) Analytics
7 122 (30.81%) Java
8 101 (25.51%) Finance
9 96 (24.24%) Apache Spark
10 92 (23.23%) Agile Software Development
11 85 (21.46%) Hadoop
12 84 (21.21%) Amazon AWS
13 83 (20.96%) Microsoft Azure
14 71 (17.93%) Algorithms
14 71 (17.93%) Degree
14 71 (17.93%) Fintech
15 62 (15.66%) Software Engineering
16 61 (15.40%) Business Intelligence
16 61 (15.40%) Scala
17 60 (15.15%) R
18 58 (14.65%) Computer Science
19 57 (14.39%) Statistics
19 57 (14.39%) Data Lake
20 56 (14.14%) Mathematics
20 56 (14.14%) Natural Language Processing
20 56 (14.14%) Docker
21 55 (13.89%) DevOps
22 51 (12.88%) NoSQL
22 51 (12.88%) JavaScript
23 47 (11.87%) PostgreSQL

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 96 (24.24%) Apache Spark
2 21 (5.30%) Elasticsearch
3 11 (2.78%) Ethereum
4 9 (2.27%) SAS
5 7 (1.77%) Apache
6 5 (1.26%) Apache Pig
6 5 (1.26%) Jupyter
7 4 (1.01%) Tomcat
7 4 (1.01%) WordPress
8 3 (0.76%) Apache Solr
9 2 (0.51%) Luigi
9 2 (0.51%) nginx
10 1 (0.25%) Apache Airflow
10 1 (0.25%) Confluence
10 1 (0.25%) Mule
10 1 (0.25%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 4 (1.01%) Chatbot
2 3 (0.76%) SPSS
3 2 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.25%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 11 (2.78%) Ripple
2 2 (0.51%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 84 (21.21%) Amazon AWS
2 83 (20.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 28 (7.07%) Azure Data Factory
4 20 (5.05%) PaaS
5 17 (4.29%) Serverless
6 15 (3.79%) Azure Machine Learning
7 14 (3.54%) AWS Lambda
8 13 (3.28%) Cortana Intelligence Suite
9 9 (2.27%) Google Cloud Platform
10 7 (1.77%) Amazon EMR
10 7 (1.77%) Amazon Kinesis
10 7 (1.77%) GitHub
10 7 (1.77%) IaaS
11 6 (1.52%) Data Lake Analytics
12 5 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
13 4 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
13 4 (1.01%) Amazon ElastiCache
14 3 (0.76%) Amazon S3
14 3 (0.76%) CloudFront
14 3 (0.76%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 8 (2.02%) SMTP
2 6 (1.52%) DNS
2 6 (1.52%) Internet
3 5 (1.26%) HTTP
4 4 (1.01%) Intranet
5 2 (0.51%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (39.39%) Big Data
2 85 (21.46%) Hadoop
3 57 (14.39%) Data Lake
4 51 (12.88%) NoSQL
5 47 (11.87%) PostgreSQL
6 43 (10.86%) Power BI
7 33 (8.33%) Azure SQL Database
8 32 (8.08%) Apache Cassandra
8 32 (8.08%) Data Warehouse
9 30 (7.58%) MongoDB
10 28 (7.07%) Apache Hive
11 24 (6.06%) HBase
11 24 (6.06%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 22 (5.56%) Data Mining
13 21 (5.30%) MySQL
14 19 (4.80%) Blockchain
14 19 (4.80%) SQL Server
14 19 (4.80%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 16 (4.04%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
15 16 (4.04%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 34 (8.59%) Git (software)
2 11 (2.78%) Visual Studio
3 10 (2.53%) Jenkins
4 7 (1.77%) JIRA
5 6 (1.52%) Maven
6 5 (1.26%) Gradle
7 4 (1.01%) Bitbucket
7 4 (1.01%) Selenium
7 4 (1.01%) TeamCity
8 3 (0.76%) RStudio
9 2 (0.51%) GoCD
9 2 (0.51%) Octopus Deploy
9 2 (0.51%) Subversion
9 2 (0.51%) Travis CI
10 1 (0.25%) Appium
10 1 (0.25%) Artifactory
10 1 (0.25%) Calabash
10 1 (0.25%) PhantomJS
10 1 (0.25%) UI Automator
10 1 (0.25%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 101 (25.51%) Finance
2 43 (10.86%) Banking
3 24 (6.06%) Advertising
4 18 (4.55%) Retail
5 17 (4.29%) Front Office
5 17 (4.29%) Games
6 8 (2.02%) Investment Banking
7 7 (1.77%) Marketing
8 5 (1.26%) Law
9 4 (1.01%) Multimedia
10 3 (0.76%) Automotive
10 3 (0.76%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.25%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.25%) French Language
11 1 (0.25%) Legal
11 1 (0.25%) Mandarin Language
11 1 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 130 (32.83%) Developer
2 79 (19.95%) Data Scientist
3 51 (12.88%) Data Engineer
4 43 (10.86%) Java Developer
5 31 (7.83%) Python Developer
6 29 (7.32%) Consultant
7 26 (6.57%) Architect
8 20 (5.05%) Big Data Engineer
8 20 (5.05%) Senior Data Scientist
9 17 (4.29%) Machine Learning Engineer
9 17 (4.29%) Senior Developer
10 16 (4.04%) Graduate
10 16 (4.04%) Software Engineer
11 14 (3.54%) Azure Consultant
11 14 (3.54%) Data Consultant
11 14 (3.54%) Quantitative Developer
11 14 (3.54%) Solutions Architect
12 13 (3.28%) Analyst
12 13 (3.28%) Python Engineer
13 10 (2.53%) Front Office Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 56 (14.14%) Natural Language Processing
2 44 (11.11%) Kafka
3 32 (8.08%) HTML
4 30 (7.58%) CSS
5 25 (6.31%) Web Services
6 20 (5.05%) .NET
6 20 (5.05%) React
7 19 (4.80%) Node.js
7 19 (4.80%) REST
8 17 (4.29%) AngularJS
8 17 (4.29%) scikit-learn
9 15 (3.79%) J2EE
9 15 (3.79%) Pandas
10 13 (3.28%) JSON
10 13 (3.28%) NumPy
10 13 (3.28%) XML
11 12 (3.03%) Django
11 12 (3.03%) TensorFlow
12 11 (2.78%) J2SE
12 11 (2.78%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 71 (17.93%) Algorithms
1 71 (17.93%) Fintech
2 58 (14.65%) Computer Science
3 42 (10.61%) Greenfield Project
4 29 (7.32%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (3.28%) Equities
6 12 (3.03%) Bitcoin
6 12 (3.03%) Life Science
7 11 (2.78%) Digital Currency
8 10 (2.53%) Social Media
9 9 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
9 9 (2.27%) Tandem
9 9 (2.27%) User Experience
10 8 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 7 (1.77%) Hedge funds
12 6 (1.52%) Fixed Income
13 5 (1.26%) Data Structures
14 4 (1.01%) Blog
14 4 (1.01%) Mobile App
14 4 (1.01%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 27 (6.82%) Linux
2 9 (2.27%) Windows
3 4 (1.01%) Windows 10
4 3 (0.76%) Android
4 3 (0.76%) Unix
5 2 (0.51%) Ubuntu
5 2 (0.51%) VyOS
6 1 (0.25%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 173 (43.69%) Data Science
2 132 (33.33%) Artificial Intelligence
3 131 (33.08%) Analytics
4 92 (23.23%) Agile Software Development
5 62 (15.66%) Software Engineering
6 61 (15.40%) Business Intelligence
7 57 (14.39%) Statistics
8 56 (14.14%) Mathematics
9 55 (13.89%) DevOps
10 46 (11.62%) Data Analytics
11 42 (10.61%) Microservices
12 39 (9.85%) TDD
13 38 (9.60%) Data Engineering
13 38 (9.60%) ETL
14 33 (8.33%) Problem-Solving
15 30 (7.58%) Data Analysis
15 30 (7.58%) Deep Learning
15 30 (7.58%) Predictive Analytics
16 28 (7.07%) E-Commerce
17 27 (6.82%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 211 (53.28%) Python
2 143 (36.11%) SQL
3 122 (30.81%) Java
4 61 (15.40%) Scala
5 60 (15.15%) R
6 51 (12.88%) JavaScript
7 43 (10.86%) C#
7 43 (10.86%) C++
8 15 (3.79%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
9 14 (3.54%) C
9 14 (3.54%) Ruby
10 13 (3.28%) Java 8
11 12 (3.03%) MATLAB
12 7 (1.77%) Go
13 6 (1.52%) Kotlin
13 6 (1.52%) PHP
13 6 (1.52%) T-SQL
13 6 (1.52%) U-SQL
14 4 (1.01%) PowerShell
15 3 (0.76%) F#
Qualifications
1 71 (17.93%) Degree
2 38 (9.60%) PhD
3 23 (5.81%) Computer Science Degree
4 14 (3.54%) Master's Degree
5 6 (1.52%) Security Cleared
6 3 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
6 3 (0.76%) TOGAF Certification
7 1 (0.25%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.27%) QA
2 8 (2.02%) Data Quality
2 8 (2.02%) GDPR
3 4 (1.01%) Solvency II
4 2 (0.51%) GCP
5 1 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.25%) EMIR
5 1 (0.25%) FATCA
5 1 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.25%) MiFID
5 1 (0.25%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 56 (14.14%) Docker
2 8 (2.02%) HDFS
3 6 (1.52%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (1.01%) Active Directory
4 4 (1.01%) Apache Flume
4 4 (1.01%) VirtualBox
5 2 (0.51%) iptables
5 2 (0.51%) LXC
Systems Management
1 27 (6.82%) Kubernetes
2 14 (3.54%) Ansible
3 12 (3.03%) Mesos
4 10 (2.53%) Hadoop YARN
5 7 (1.77%) Opscode Chef
6 6 (1.52%) Oozie
7 5 (1.26%) Puppet
8 3 (0.76%) Docker Swarm
9 2 (0.51%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.51%) Terraform
10 1 (0.25%) Kibana
10 1 (0.25%) Nagios
Vendors
1 44 (11.11%) Microsoft
2 36 (9.09%) Google
3 26 (6.57%) Tableau
4 14 (3.54%) IBM
5 13 (3.28%) Facebook
5 13 (3.28%) Hortonworks
5 13 (3.28%) MapR
6 12 (3.03%) Cloudera
7 4 (1.01%) Apple
7 4 (1.01%) Oracle
7 4 (1.01%) VMware
8 2 (0.51%) Databricks
8 2 (0.51%) HubSpot
8 2 (0.51%) Informatica
8 2 (0.51%) MicroStrategy
8 2 (0.51%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (0.51%) SAP
8 2 (0.51%) Talend
9 1 (0.25%) NVIDIA
9 1 (0.25%) Paxata