Period
to 12 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 12 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 78 67 65
Rank change year-on-year -11 -2 +22
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 194 258 429
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.76% 4.04% 4.27%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.95% 4.29% 4.58%
Number of salaries quoted 180 231 376
10th Percentile £44,875 £51,250 £51,875
25th Percentile £55,000 £58,750 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year -6.67% - +3.45%
75th Percentile £90,000 £93,750 £92,500
90th Percentile £100,125 £112,500 £107,500
Central London median annual salary £67,000 £75,000 £75,000
% change year-on-year -10.67% - +7.14%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,917 6,018 9,366
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 95.22% 94.21% 93.28%
Number of salaries quoted 4,376 5,272 8,355
10th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £100,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 June 2021.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 3 £80,000 -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 12 June 2021, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 137 (70.62%) Python
2 92 (47.42%) Data Science
3 71 (36.60%) SQL
4 66 (34.02%) Analytics
5 60 (30.93%) Artificial Intelligence
6 53 (27.32%) DevOps
7 44 (22.68%) Agile Software Development
8 42 (21.65%) Kubernetes
9 41 (21.13%) Azure
10 40 (20.62%) AWS
11 38 (19.59%) Computer Science
12 37 (19.07%) Docker
13 35 (18.04%) Finance
14 34 (17.53%) Data Analytics
15 32 (16.49%) Natural Language Processing
15 32 (16.49%) C#
15 32 (16.49%) Java
16 30 (15.46%) Degree
17 25 (12.89%) Problem-Solving
17 25 (12.89%) Data Engineering
17 25 (12.89%) Mentoring
17 25 (12.89%) Mathematics
18 24 (12.37%) R
19 23 (11.86%) Physics
20 22 (11.34%) PhD
20 22 (11.34%) Games
20 22 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
21 21 (10.82%) Marketing
22 20 (10.31%) JavaScript
22 20 (10.31%) GCP

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (9.28%) Apache Spark
2 11 (5.67%) SAS
3 6 (3.09%) Apache Airflow
4 3 (1.55%) Apache
5 1 (0.52%) Apache Pig
5 1 (0.52%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 3 (1.55%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.52%) Weka
Business Applications
1 8 (4.12%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 41 (21.13%) Azure
2 40 (20.62%) AWS
3 20 (10.31%) GCP
4 11 (5.67%) AWS CloudFormation
5 8 (4.12%) Azure Functions
5 8 (4.12%) Serverless
6 7 (3.61%) Azure Data Factory
6 7 (3.61%) SaaS
7 3 (1.55%) Amazon Kinesis
7 3 (1.55%) Azure Stack
7 3 (1.55%) PaaS
8 2 (1.03%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (1.03%) Power Platform
8 2 (1.03%) Snowflake
9 1 (0.52%) Amazon ECS
9 1 (0.52%) Amazon EKS
9 1 (0.52%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 1 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.52%) Google Analytics
9 1 (0.52%) Google Data Studio
Communications & Networking
1 8 (4.12%) TCP/IP
2 6 (3.09%) HTTP
3 4 (2.06%) Network Security
4 1 (0.52%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (7.73%) Tableau
2 13 (6.70%) Data Mining
2 13 (6.70%) SQL Server
3 12 (6.19%) Relational Database
4 8 (4.12%) Big Data
4 8 (4.12%) Blockchain
5 5 (2.58%) KDB
5 5 (2.58%) Looker
5 5 (2.58%) MySQL
6 4 (2.06%) Hadoop
6 4 (2.06%) PostgreSQL
6 4 (2.06%) Text Mining
7 3 (1.55%) NoSQL
8 2 (1.03%) Amazon Athena
8 2 (1.03%) Amazon RDS
8 2 (1.03%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (1.03%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (1.03%) MongoDB
8 2 (1.03%) Power BI
8 2 (1.03%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 9 (4.64%) Jenkins
2 7 (3.61%) Git (software)
3 4 (2.06%) Selenium
4 3 (1.55%) Appium
4 3 (1.55%) Cypress.io
4 3 (1.55%) MLflow
5 2 (1.03%) Checkstyle
5 2 (1.03%) Cucumber
6 1 (0.52%) Babel
6 1 (0.52%) Bitbucket
6 1 (0.52%) JMeter
6 1 (0.52%) Postman
6 1 (0.52%) Visual Studio
6 1 (0.52%) Visual Studio Code
6 1 (0.52%) Visual Studio Team System
6 1 (0.52%) webpack
General
1 35 (18.04%) Finance
2 22 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (11.34%) Games
3 21 (10.82%) Marketing
4 18 (9.28%) Social Skills
5 15 (7.73%) Advertising
6 14 (7.22%) Retail
7 10 (5.15%) Banking
8 8 (4.12%) Law
9 6 (3.09%) Investment Banking
10 5 (2.58%) Front Office
10 5 (2.58%) Publishing
11 3 (1.55%) Organisational Skills
12 2 (1.03%) Manufacturing
12 2 (1.03%) Public Sector
12 2 (1.03%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.52%) Electronics
13 1 (0.52%) French Language
13 1 (0.52%) International Banking
13 1 (0.52%) Legal
Job Titles
1 40 (20.62%) Developer
2 37 (19.07%) Data Scientist
3 35 (18.04%) Data Engineer
4 26 (13.40%) Python Engineer
5 24 (12.37%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 17 (8.76%) DevOps Engineer
7 13 (6.70%) Senior Developer
8 10 (5.15%) AWS Engineer
8 10 (5.15%) Senior Data Scientist
9 9 (4.64%) C# Developer
10 8 (4.12%) Junior
10 8 (4.12%) Python Developer
10 8 (4.12%) Quantitative Developer
11 7 (3.61%) Azure Engineer
11 7 (3.61%) C# Quant Developer
11 7 (3.61%) Senior Data Engineer
12 6 (3.09%) Data Analytics Engineer
12 6 (3.09%) Games Engineer
12 6 (3.09%) Senior DevOps
12 6 (3.09%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (9.28%) TensorFlow
2 17 (8.76%) .NET
3 12 (6.19%) React
4 11 (5.67%) AngularJS
4 11 (5.67%) REST
5 8 (4.12%) Keras
5 8 (4.12%) Spring
5 8 (4.12%) Spring Boot
6 7 (3.61%) CSS
6 7 (3.61%) JSON
6 7 (3.61%) PyTorch
6 7 (3.61%) scikit-learn
7 6 (3.09%) .NET Core
7 6 (3.09%) Node.js
8 5 (2.58%) HTML
8 5 (2.58%) HTML5
8 5 (2.58%) Scrapy
8 5 (2.58%) Vue.js
9 4 (2.06%) ASP.NET
9 4 (2.06%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 16 (8.25%) Algorithms
2 11 (5.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 10 (5.15%) Greenfield Project
3 10 (5.15%) Public Cloud
4 8 (4.12%) Equities
4 8 (4.12%) Exotic Derivative
4 8 (4.12%) Market Risk
5 7 (3.61%) Data Structures
5 7 (3.61%) User Experience
6 5 (2.58%) Fixed Income
7 4 (2.06%) Management Information System
7 4 (2.06%) Mobile Games
7 4 (2.06%) Video\Live Streaming
8 3 (1.55%) Analytical Mindset
8 3 (1.55%) Hedge funds
9 2 (1.03%) Data Centre
9 2 (1.03%) Enterprise Cloud
9 2 (1.03%) Mobile App
9 2 (1.03%) Reinsurance
9 2 (1.03%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 17 (8.76%) Linux
2 9 (4.64%) Android
3 8 (4.12%) Unix
4 4 (2.06%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.52%) Mac OS
5 1 (0.52%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 92 (47.42%) Data Science
2 66 (34.02%) Analytics
3 60 (30.93%) Artificial Intelligence
4 53 (27.32%) DevOps
5 44 (22.68%) Agile Software Development
6 38 (19.59%) Computer Science
7 34 (17.53%) Data Analytics
8 32 (16.49%) Natural Language Processing
9 25 (12.89%) Data Engineering
9 25 (12.89%) Mathematics
9 25 (12.89%) Mentoring
9 25 (12.89%) Problem-Solving
10 23 (11.86%) Physics
11 19 (9.79%) Microservices
11 19 (9.79%) Software Engineering
12 17 (8.76%) Business Intelligence
13 16 (8.25%) E-Commerce
13 16 (8.25%) Scrum
13 16 (8.25%) Statistics
13 16 (8.25%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 137 (70.62%) Python
2 71 (36.60%) SQL
3 32 (16.49%) C#
3 32 (16.49%) Java
4 24 (12.37%) R
5 20 (10.31%) JavaScript
6 14 (7.22%) C++
7 11 (5.67%) TypeScript
8 8 (4.12%) PowerShell
8 8 (4.12%) T-SQL
9 7 (3.61%) Scala
9 7 (3.61%) Shell Script
10 6 (3.09%) Go
10 6 (3.09%) XPath
11 5 (2.58%) C
11 5 (2.58%) Perl
12 3 (1.55%) Bash Shell
13 2 (1.03%) MATLAB
13 2 (1.03%) Ruby
14 1 (0.52%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 30 (15.46%) Degree
2 22 (11.34%) PhD
3 13 (6.70%) Master's Degree
4 8 (4.12%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 12 (6.19%) QA
2 8 (4.12%) Dodd-Frank
2 8 (4.12%) EMIR
2 8 (4.12%) MiFID
3 3 (1.55%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.52%) GDPR
System Software
1 37 (19.07%) Docker
2 1 (0.52%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 42 (21.65%) Kubernetes
2 14 (7.22%) Terraform
3 6 (3.09%) Ansible
3 6 (3.09%) Puppet
4 4 (2.06%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (1.55%) Kubeflow
Vendors
1 11 (5.67%) Microsoft
2 7 (3.61%) Apple
2 7 (3.61%) Databricks
3 5 (2.58%) Google
4 3 (1.55%) Facebook
5 2 (1.03%) Foundry
5 2 (1.03%) Palantir
6 1 (0.52%) Alteryx
6 1 (0.52%) Bloomberg
6 1 (0.52%) Dataiku
6 1 (0.52%) ESRI
6 1 (0.52%) Kofax
6 1 (0.52%) MicroStrategy
6 1 (0.52%) Oracle
6 1 (0.52%) SAP
6 1 (0.52%) VMware