Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 97 211 318
Rank change year-on-year +114 +107 +18
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 302 142 96
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 2.94% 1.22% 0.56%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.27% 1.37% 0.63%
Number of salaries quoted 260 129 78
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% -7.14% +7.69%
10th Percentile £45,000 £31,250 £38,675
90th Percentile £115,000 £115,000 £135,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £72,500
% change year-on-year +4.00% -13.79% +11.54%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 9247 10392 15168
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.08% 89.44% 89.12%
Number of salaries quoted 8347 9474 13149
City of London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £93,750 £90,000 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% - +4.55%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 3 £90,000 -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 211 (69.87%) Python
2 106 (35.10%) Java
3 103 (34.11%) SQL
4 90 (29.80%) Apache Spark
5 89 (29.47%) Amazon AWS
6 88 (29.14%) Agile Software Development
7 84 (27.81%) Finance
8 80 (26.49%) Big Data
9 78 (25.83%) Analytics
10 75 (24.83%) Hadoop
10 75 (24.83%) Degree
11 69 (22.85%) Algorithms
12 68 (22.52%) Scala
13 66 (21.85%) R
14 56 (18.54%) Marketing
15 54 (17.88%) Software Engineering
16 51 (16.89%) C++
17 46 (15.23%) PhD
17 46 (15.23%) Business Intelligence
17 46 (15.23%) Computer Science
18 43 (14.24%) Statistics
19 42 (13.91%) Docker
20 41 (13.58%) Kafka
21 40 (13.25%) DevOps
22 38 (12.58%) Mathematics
22 38 (12.58%) Artificial Intelligence
23 36 (11.92%) NoSQL
24 35 (11.59%) Node.js
24 35 (11.59%) Google
25 34 (11.26%) TDD

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (29.80%) Apache Spark
2 23 (7.62%) SAS
3 18 (5.96%) Apache
4 8 (2.65%) Apache Airflow
5 7 (2.32%) Apache Pig
6 3 (0.99%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.66%) CMS
8 1 (0.33%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.33%) Confluence
8 1 (0.33%) Ethereum
8 1 (0.33%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.33%) Kentico
8 1 (0.33%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.33%) Sitefinity
8 1 (0.33%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.33%) Umbraco
8 1 (0.33%) WebLogic
Applications
1 8 (2.65%) SPSS
2 2 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.33%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 12 (3.97%) Revive Adserver
2 2 (0.66%) FastStats
3 1 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.33%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 89 (29.47%) Amazon AWS
2 26 (8.61%) Google Cloud Platform
3 22 (7.28%) Microsoft Azure
4 12 (3.97%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 12 (3.97%) Amazon EC2
5 11 (3.64%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 10 (3.31%) Amazon S3
6 10 (3.31%) Serverless
7 9 (2.98%) AWS Lambda
7 9 (2.98%) SaaS
8 8 (2.65%) GitHub
9 6 (1.99%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
10 5 (1.66%) AWS CloudFormation
10 5 (1.66%) OpenShift
11 4 (1.32%) Amazon SQS
11 4 (1.32%) Azure Machine Learning
11 4 (1.32%) CloudFront
12 3 (0.99%) AdWords
12 3 (0.99%) Amazon ELB
12 3 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.99%) Internet
2 3 (0.99%) Network Security
3 2 (0.66%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (26.49%) Big Data
2 75 (24.83%) Hadoop
3 36 (11.92%) NoSQL
4 30 (9.93%) Data Mining
4 30 (9.93%) PostgreSQL
5 23 (7.62%) Amazon Redshift
6 21 (6.95%) Data Warehouse
6 21 (6.95%) MongoDB
7 20 (6.62%) Apache Cassandra
8 17 (5.63%) Apache Hive
9 13 (4.30%) Amazon RDS
10 11 (3.64%) Neo4j
10 11 (3.64%) QlikView
10 11 (3.64%) Text Mining
11 8 (2.65%) BigQuery
11 8 (2.65%) InfluxDB
11 8 (2.65%) Lumira
11 8 (2.65%) Oracle Reports
12 7 (2.32%) Power BI
13 5 (1.66%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 11 (3.64%) Git (software)
2 8 (2.65%) Talend Open Studio
3 5 (1.66%) Selenium
4 4 (1.32%) CircleCI
5 3 (0.99%) CMake
5 3 (0.99%) Jasmine
5 3 (0.99%) Mocha
5 3 (0.99%) PhantomJS
5 3 (0.99%) Sonatype Nexus
5 3 (0.99%) TeamCity
5 3 (0.99%) UI Automator
5 3 (0.99%) webpack
6 2 (0.66%) Cucumber
6 2 (0.66%) gulp
6 2 (0.66%) JIRA
6 2 (0.66%) Karma Test Runner
6 2 (0.66%) Octopus Deploy
6 2 (0.66%) WebDriver
7 1 (0.33%) JUnit
7 1 (0.33%) NUnit
General
1 84 (27.81%) Finance
2 56 (18.54%) Marketing
3 21 (6.95%) Games
4 18 (5.96%) Retail
5 14 (4.64%) Telecoms
6 12 (3.97%) Advertising
6 12 (3.97%) Electronics
6 12 (3.97%) Manufacturing
7 10 (3.31%) Banking
8 9 (2.98%) Publishing
9 7 (2.32%) Front Office
10 5 (1.66%) Law
11 4 (1.32%) Automotive
11 4 (1.32%) Legal
12 3 (0.99%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.66%) Multimedia
14 1 (0.33%) Investment Banking
14 1 (0.33%) Mandarin Language
14 1 (0.33%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 87 (28.81%) Developer
2 68 (22.52%) Data Scientist
3 29 (9.60%) Python Developer
4 20 (6.62%) Data Engineer
4 20 (6.62%) Software Engineer
5 18 (5.96%) Machine Learning Engineer
6 16 (5.30%) Machine Learning Developer
7 15 (4.97%) Senior Developer
8 13 (4.30%) Chief Technology Officer
9 12 (3.97%) Architect
9 12 (3.97%) Full Stack Developer
9 12 (3.97%) Senior Data Scientist
10 11 (3.64%) Analyst
10 11 (3.64%) Solutions Architect
11 10 (3.31%) Java Developer
12 9 (2.98%) C++ Developer
12 9 (2.98%) Quantitative Developer
13 8 (2.65%) Head of Engineering
13 8 (2.65%) Junior
14 7 (2.32%) Data Analytics Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (13.58%) Kafka
2 35 (11.59%) Node.js
3 34 (11.26%) Natural Language Processing
4 31 (10.26%) React
5 26 (8.61%) .NET
6 19 (6.29%) TensorFlow
7 18 (5.96%) AngularJS
8 15 (4.97%) Web Services
9 10 (3.31%) GraphX
10 9 (2.98%) HTML
10 9 (2.98%) Lucene
10 9 (2.98%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 8 (2.65%) CSS
11 8 (2.65%) NumPy
11 8 (2.65%) REST
11 8 (2.65%) scikit-learn
12 7 (2.32%) Pandas
12 7 (2.32%) RabbitMQ
12 7 (2.32%) RESTful
13 6 (1.99%) ZeroMQ
Miscellaneous
1 69 (22.85%) Algorithms
2 46 (15.23%) Computer Science
3 29 (9.60%) Fintech
4 28 (9.27%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (4.30%) Equities
6 9 (2.98%) Hedge funds
6 9 (2.98%) Semantic Web
6 9 (2.98%) User Experience
7 8 (2.65%) Virtual Team
8 6 (1.99%) Clustering
8 6 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (1.99%) Media Streaming
8 6 (1.99%) Mobile App
8 6 (1.99%) Robotics
9 4 (1.32%) Data Structures
9 4 (1.32%) Greenfield Project
10 3 (0.99%) Credit Risk
10 3 (0.99%) Fixed Income
10 3 (0.99%) HoloLens
10 3 (0.99%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 11 (3.64%) Linux
2 3 (0.99%) CentOS
2 3 (0.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 2 (0.66%) Android
4 1 (0.33%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.33%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 88 (29.14%) Agile Software Development
2 78 (25.83%) Analytics
3 54 (17.88%) Software Engineering
4 46 (15.23%) Business Intelligence
5 43 (14.24%) Statistics
6 40 (13.25%) DevOps
7 38 (12.58%) Artificial Intelligence
7 38 (12.58%) Mathematics
8 34 (11.26%) TDD
8 34 (11.26%) Visualisation
9 30 (9.93%) Predictive Analytics
10 29 (9.60%) Digital Marketing
11 26 (8.61%) Deep Learning
12 25 (8.28%) Data Engineering
12 25 (8.28%) Data Visualisation
13 24 (7.95%) Data Analytics
14 23 (7.62%) E-Commerce
14 23 (7.62%) Microservices
15 22 (7.28%) Stakeholder Management
16 20 (6.62%) Algorithmic Trading
Programming Languages
1 211 (69.87%) Python
2 106 (35.10%) Java
3 103 (34.11%) SQL
4 68 (22.52%) Scala
5 66 (21.85%) R
6 51 (16.89%) C++
7 33 (10.93%) JavaScript
8 27 (8.94%) C#
9 21 (6.95%) Ruby
10 17 (5.63%) MATLAB
11 16 (5.30%) PHP
12 13 (4.30%) C
13 7 (2.32%) Go
14 3 (0.99%) Fortran
14 3 (0.99%) Julia
14 3 (0.99%) PowerShell
14 3 (0.99%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.66%) Groovy
15 2 (0.66%) Shell Script
15 2 (0.66%) VBA
Qualifications
1 75 (24.83%) Degree
2 46 (15.23%) PhD
3 21 (6.95%) Computer Science Degree
4 11 (3.64%) Master's Degree
5 7 (2.32%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.33%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.33%) MBA
7 1 (0.33%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.33%) SC Cleared
7 1 (0.33%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.32%) Data Quality
1 4 (1.32%) QA
2 1 (0.33%) GCP
2 1 (0.33%) GDPR
2 1 (0.33%) IFRS
2 1 (0.33%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 42 (13.91%) Docker
2 6 (1.99%) Apache Flume
3 3 (0.99%) HDFS
4 1 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.33%) LXC
Systems Management
1 24 (7.95%) Ansible
2 16 (5.30%) Kubernetes
3 12 (3.97%) Mesos
4 8 (2.65%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.66%) Nagios
5 2 (0.66%) Terraform
6 1 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.33%) Packer
6 1 (0.33%) Puppet
6 1 (0.33%) Rancher
Vendors
1 35 (11.59%) Google
2 22 (7.28%) Tableau
3 21 (6.95%) SAP
4 13 (4.30%) Microsoft
5 11 (3.64%) Adthena
6 10 (3.31%) Oracle
7 8 (2.65%) PagerDuty
7 8 (2.65%) Talend
7 8 (2.65%) Teradata
8 6 (1.99%) Autodesk
8 6 (1.99%) DoubleClick
9 4 (1.32%) New Relic
9 4 (1.32%) Twitter
10 2 (0.66%) Alteryx
10 2 (0.66%) Facebook
10 2 (0.66%) IBM
10 2 (0.66%) MicroStrategy
10 2 (0.66%) Minitab
10 2 (0.66%) T-Plan
11 1 (0.33%) Capita