Period
to 11 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 11 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
11 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 68 95 101
Rank change year-on-year +27 +6 +101
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 391 358 309
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.97% 3.36% 2.98%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.24% 3.63% 3.19%
Number of salaries quoted 355 327 271
City of London median annual salary £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.14% +3.70%
10th Percentile £48,750 £47,500 £45,000
90th Percentile £114,000 £105,000 £115,000
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £75,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +15.38% -

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 9,219 9,869 9,689
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 93.61% 92.52% 93.41%
Number of salaries quoted 7,957 8,831 8,754
City of London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +2.35%
10th Percentile £37,500 £37,000 £36,250
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year - +8.33% +4.35%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 11 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 11 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -6 6 £65,000 -10.34%
Moorgate - 1 £60,000 - 3
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 11 December 2019, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 253 (64.71%) Python
2 182 (46.55%) Data Science
3 142 (36.32%) Artificial Intelligence
4 137 (35.04%) AWS
5 136 (34.78%) Analytics
6 115 (29.41%) Java
7 112 (28.64%) SQL
8 107 (27.37%) Big Data
9 105 (26.85%) Algorithms
10 100 (25.58%) Docker
11 90 (23.02%) Kubernetes
12 88 (22.51%) Degree
13 87 (22.25%) Computer Science
13 87 (22.25%) DevOps
14 80 (20.46%) Finance
15 79 (20.20%) JavaScript
16 78 (19.95%) GCP
17 74 (18.93%) Mathematics
18 73 (18.67%) Software Engineering
18 73 (18.67%) Google
19 72 (18.41%) Statistics
19 72 (18.41%) Azure
20 71 (18.16%) Analytical Skills
21 70 (17.90%) Apache Spark
22 67 (17.14%) Agile Software Development
22 67 (17.14%) TensorFlow
23 66 (16.88%) Scala
24 59 (15.09%) scikit-learn
25 58 (14.83%) R
26 57 (14.58%) Problem-Solving

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (17.90%) Apache Spark
2 38 (9.72%) Elasticsearch
3 9 (2.30%) Apache Airflow
3 9 (2.30%) Apache Solr
4 8 (2.05%) Apache
4 8 (2.05%) Luigi
5 5 (1.28%) SAS
6 4 (1.02%) CMS
7 3 (0.77%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 1 (0.26%) Apache Pig
8 1 (0.26%) R Markdown
Applications
1 4 (1.02%) Chatbot
2 2 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.26%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 1 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 137 (35.04%) AWS
2 78 (19.95%) GCP
3 72 (18.41%) Azure
4 15 (3.84%) Power Platform
5 13 (3.32%) SaaS
6 8 (2.05%) Amazon Kinesis
6 8 (2.05%) Cloud Computing
6 8 (2.05%) GitHub
7 7 (1.79%) Datadog
8 6 (1.53%) Amazon S3
9 5 (1.28%) Amazon ECS
9 5 (1.28%) Google Analytics
10 4 (1.02%) Amazon SageMaker
10 4 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (1.02%) Serverless
11 3 (0.77%) Amazon EMR
11 3 (0.77%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.77%) Azure Machine Learning
12 2 (0.51%) Amazon EKS
12 2 (0.51%) AWS IoT
Communications & Networking
1 4 (1.02%) HTTP
1 4 (1.02%) Internet
2 2 (0.51%) Network Security
3 1 (0.26%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 107 (27.37%) Big Data
2 56 (14.32%) Hadoop
3 39 (9.97%) PostgreSQL
4 32 (8.18%) NoSQL
5 23 (5.88%) Relational Database
6 21 (5.37%) Apache Cassandra
7 20 (5.12%) BigQuery
8 19 (4.86%) MySQL
9 18 (4.60%) Apache Hive
10 17 (4.35%) Redis
11 16 (4.09%) Data Warehouse
12 15 (3.84%) Power BI
13 14 (3.58%) Data Mining
14 13 (3.32%) MongoDB
14 13 (3.32%) SQL Server
15 11 (2.81%) HBase
15 11 (2.81%) RDBMS
16 9 (2.30%) Amazon Athena
16 9 (2.30%) Amazon Redshift
16 9 (2.30%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 18 (4.60%) Git (software)
2 8 (2.05%) Jenkins
3 5 (1.28%) Bitbucket
3 5 (1.28%) TeamCity
3 5 (1.28%) Travis CI
4 4 (1.02%) JIRA
4 4 (1.02%) Octopus Deploy
4 4 (1.02%) PhantomJS
4 4 (1.02%) Selenium
4 4 (1.02%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
4 4 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
5 3 (0.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 3 (0.77%) Cucumber
5 3 (0.77%) Jasmine
5 3 (0.77%) WebDriver
6 2 (0.51%) CircleCI
6 2 (0.51%) GitLab
6 2 (0.51%) gulp
6 2 (0.51%) Karma Test Runner
7 1 (0.26%) git-flow
General
1 80 (20.46%) Finance
2 49 (12.53%) Marketing
3 23 (5.88%) Advertising
4 19 (4.86%) Retail
5 18 (4.60%) Banking
6 10 (2.56%) Law
7 9 (2.30%) Financial Institution
7 9 (2.30%) Legal
8 8 (2.05%) Investment Banking
8 8 (2.05%) Publishing
9 7 (1.79%) Games
10 6 (1.53%) Front Office
10 6 (1.53%) Telecoms
11 4 (1.02%) Public Sector
12 2 (0.51%) Manufacturing
13 1 (0.26%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.26%) Automotive
13 1 (0.26%) Electronics
13 1 (0.26%) Polish Language
Job Titles
1 84 (21.48%) Developer
2 62 (15.86%) Data Scientist
3 51 (13.04%) Data Engineer
4 40 (10.23%) Python Engineer
5 39 (9.97%) Python Developer
5 39 (9.97%) Software Engineer
6 34 (8.70%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 24 (6.14%) Machine Learning Developer
8 23 (5.88%) DevOps Engineer
9 20 (5.12%) Senior Data Engineer
10 18 (4.60%) Java Developer
10 18 (4.60%) Senior Data Scientist
11 17 (4.35%) Senior Developer
12 16 (4.09%) Architect
12 16 (4.09%) Senior Software Engineer
13 15 (3.84%) Full Stack Developer
14 13 (3.32%) AWS Engineer
15 12 (3.07%) AWS DevOps
15 12 (3.07%) Consultant
15 12 (3.07%) Python Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (17.14%) TensorFlow
2 59 (15.09%) scikit-learn
3 50 (12.79%) Natural Language Processing
4 48 (12.28%) Pandas
5 41 (10.49%) Keras
6 37 (9.46%) REST
7 35 (8.95%) React
8 31 (7.93%) Kafka
9 30 (7.67%) NumPy
10 29 (7.42%) Node.js
11 26 (6.65%) HTML
12 25 (6.39%) Django
13 22 (5.63%) CSS
14 21 (5.37%) PyTorch
15 20 (5.12%) Flask
16 19 (4.86%) GraphQL
16 19 (4.86%) SciPy
17 18 (4.60%) RabbitMQ
17 18 (4.60%) Spring
18 16 (4.09%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 105 (26.85%) Algorithms
2 71 (18.16%) Analytical Skills
3 41 (10.49%) Data Structures
4 27 (6.91%) Greenfield Project
4 27 (6.91%) Linux Command Line
5 15 (3.84%) Enterprise Software
6 13 (3.32%) Hedge funds
6 13 (3.32%) User Experience
7 10 (2.56%) Cloud Native
8 9 (2.30%) Credit Risk
8 9 (2.30%) Robotics
8 9 (2.30%) Social Media
9 7 (1.79%) Cyberthreat
9 7 (1.79%) Equities
9 7 (1.79%) Management Information System
9 7 (1.79%) Video\Live Streaming
10 5 (1.28%) Social Network
11 4 (1.02%) Spread Betting
12 3 (0.77%) Digital Media
12 3 (0.77%) e-Learning
Operating Systems
1 55 (14.07%) Linux
2 41 (10.49%) Unix
3 13 (3.32%) Windows
4 3 (0.77%) Android
4 3 (0.77%) Apple iOS
5 1 (0.26%) CentOS
5 1 (0.26%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 182 (46.55%) Data Science
2 142 (36.32%) Artificial Intelligence
3 136 (34.78%) Analytics
4 87 (22.25%) Computer Science
4 87 (22.25%) DevOps
5 74 (18.93%) Mathematics
6 73 (18.67%) Software Engineering
7 72 (18.41%) Statistics
8 67 (17.14%) Agile Software Development
9 57 (14.58%) Problem-Solving
10 52 (13.30%) Deep Learning
10 52 (13.30%) Microservices
11 40 (10.23%) Data Analytics
12 38 (9.72%) Fintech
13 35 (8.95%) Data Analysis
14 31 (7.93%) ETL
14 31 (7.93%) Visualisation
15 29 (7.42%) TDD
16 27 (6.91%) Mentoring
17 25 (6.39%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 253 (64.71%) Python
2 115 (29.41%) Java
3 112 (28.64%) SQL
4 79 (20.20%) JavaScript
5 66 (16.88%) Scala
6 58 (14.83%) R
7 49 (12.53%) C++
8 35 (8.95%) TypeScript
9 28 (7.16%) C#
10 15 (3.84%) Java 8
11 13 (3.32%) Bash Shell
11 13 (3.32%) C
11 13 (3.32%) MATLAB
12 11 (2.81%) ES6
13 9 (2.30%) Perl
13 9 (2.30%) VB
14 8 (2.05%) Go
15 6 (1.53%) Kotlin
15 6 (1.53%) PHP
15 6 (1.53%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 88 (22.51%) Degree
2 37 (9.46%) PhD
3 30 (7.67%) Master's Degree
4 18 (4.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 11 (2.81%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.26%) Security Cleared
6 1 (0.26%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.56%) QA
2 5 (1.28%) PCI DSS
3 4 (1.02%) SLA
4 3 (0.77%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.26%) Actionable Recommendations
System Software
1 100 (25.58%) Docker
2 3 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 2 (0.51%) HDFS
4 1 (0.26%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.26%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.26%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 90 (23.02%) Kubernetes
2 53 (13.55%) Terraform
3 19 (4.86%) Consul
4 16 (4.09%) Ansible
5 9 (2.30%) Oozie
6 7 (1.79%) Docker Swarm
7 5 (1.28%) Puppet
8 4 (1.02%) Istio
8 4 (1.02%) linkerd
9 3 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.26%) Kibana
10 1 (0.26%) logstash
10 1 (0.26%) Packer
Vendors
1 73 (18.67%) Google
2 20 (5.12%) Tableau
3 19 (4.86%) Microsoft
4 5 (1.28%) Adobe
4 5 (1.28%) Oracle
4 5 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
5 4 (1.02%) Informatica
5 4 (1.02%) RedGate
5 4 (1.02%) Samsung
6 3 (0.77%) MapR
6 3 (0.77%) Talend
6 3 (0.77%) UiPath
7 2 (0.51%) Alteryx
7 2 (0.51%) Cloudera
7 2 (0.51%) Databricks
8 1 (0.26%) Apple
8 1 (0.26%) Dataiku
8 1 (0.26%) IBM
8 1 (0.26%) MEDITECH
8 1 (0.26%) Pega