Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 102 213 331
Rank change year-on-year +111 +118 +4
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 301 144 98
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 2.97% 1.24% 0.57%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.30% 1.39% 0.64%
Number of salaries quoted 259 130 79
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £70,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% -7.14% +5.66%
10th Percentile £45,000 £31,250 £38,700
90th Percentile £115,000 £115,000 £135,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £71,250
% change year-on-year +4.00% -12.28% +9.62%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 9128 10396 15326
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 90.10% 89.42% 89.14%
Number of salaries quoted 8240 9472 13280
City of London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £36,250 £35,000 £33,750
90th Percentile £94,325 £90,000 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.35% - +4.55%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate - 3 £90,000 -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 209 (69.44%) Python
2 106 (35.22%) Java
3 102 (33.89%) SQL
4 90 (29.90%) Amazon AWS
4 90 (29.90%) Apache Spark
5 88 (29.24%) Agile Software Development
6 84 (27.91%) Finance
7 78 (25.91%) Big Data
7 78 (25.91%) Analytics
8 75 (24.92%) Hadoop
8 75 (24.92%) Degree
9 68 (22.59%) Scala
9 68 (22.59%) Algorithms
10 65 (21.59%) R
11 56 (18.60%) Marketing
12 54 (17.94%) Software Engineering
13 49 (16.28%) C++
14 46 (15.28%) Business Intelligence
15 45 (14.95%) PhD
15 45 (14.95%) Computer Science
16 42 (13.95%) Statistics
16 42 (13.95%) Docker
17 41 (13.62%) Kafka
18 39 (12.96%) DevOps
19 38 (12.62%) Artificial Intelligence
20 37 (12.29%) Mathematics
21 36 (11.96%) NoSQL
22 35 (11.63%) Node.js
22 35 (11.63%) Google
23 34 (11.30%) TDD

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (29.90%) Apache Spark
2 23 (7.64%) SAS
3 18 (5.98%) Apache
4 8 (2.66%) Apache Airflow
5 7 (2.33%) Apache Pig
6 3 (1.00%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.66%) CMS
8 1 (0.33%) Apache Solr
8 1 (0.33%) Confluence
8 1 (0.33%) Ethereum
8 1 (0.33%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.33%) Kentico
8 1 (0.33%) OpenStack
8 1 (0.33%) Sitecore CMS
8 1 (0.33%) Sitefinity
8 1 (0.33%) Tomcat
8 1 (0.33%) Umbraco
8 1 (0.33%) WebLogic
Applications
1 8 (2.66%) SPSS
2 2 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.33%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 12 (3.99%) Revive Adserver
2 2 (0.66%) FastStats
3 1 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
3 1 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.33%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 90 (29.90%) Amazon AWS
2 27 (8.97%) Google Cloud Platform
3 22 (7.31%) Microsoft Azure
4 12 (3.99%) Amazon CloudWatch
4 12 (3.99%) Amazon EC2
5 11 (3.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 10 (3.32%) Amazon S3
6 10 (3.32%) Serverless
7 9 (2.99%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (2.66%) GitHub
8 8 (2.66%) SaaS
9 6 (1.99%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
10 5 (1.66%) AWS CloudFormation
10 5 (1.66%) OpenShift
11 4 (1.33%) Amazon SQS
11 4 (1.33%) Azure Machine Learning
11 4 (1.33%) CloudFront
12 3 (1.00%) AdWords
12 3 (1.00%) Amazon ELB
12 3 (1.00%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.99%) Internet
2 2 (0.66%) Network Security
2 2 (0.66%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 78 (25.91%) Big Data
2 75 (24.92%) Hadoop
3 36 (11.96%) NoSQL
4 30 (9.97%) Data Mining
4 30 (9.97%) PostgreSQL
5 23 (7.64%) Amazon Redshift
6 21 (6.98%) Data Warehouse
6 21 (6.98%) MongoDB
7 20 (6.64%) Apache Cassandra
8 17 (5.65%) Apache Hive
9 13 (4.32%) Amazon RDS
10 11 (3.65%) Neo4j
10 11 (3.65%) QlikView
10 11 (3.65%) Text Mining
11 8 (2.66%) BigQuery
11 8 (2.66%) InfluxDB
11 8 (2.66%) Lumira
11 8 (2.66%) Oracle Reports
12 7 (2.33%) Power BI
13 5 (1.66%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 11 (3.65%) Git (software)
2 8 (2.66%) Talend Open Studio
3 5 (1.66%) Selenium
4 4 (1.33%) CircleCI
5 3 (1.00%) Jasmine
5 3 (1.00%) Mocha
5 3 (1.00%) PhantomJS
5 3 (1.00%) TeamCity
5 3 (1.00%) UI Automator
5 3 (1.00%) webpack
6 2 (0.66%) CMake
6 2 (0.66%) Cucumber
6 2 (0.66%) gulp
6 2 (0.66%) JIRA
6 2 (0.66%) Karma Test Runner
6 2 (0.66%) Octopus Deploy
6 2 (0.66%) Sonatype Nexus
6 2 (0.66%) WebDriver
7 1 (0.33%) GoCD
7 1 (0.33%) TestFairy
General
1 84 (27.91%) Finance
2 56 (18.60%) Marketing
3 21 (6.98%) Games
4 18 (5.98%) Retail
5 14 (4.65%) Telecoms
6 12 (3.99%) Advertising
6 12 (3.99%) Electronics
6 12 (3.99%) Manufacturing
7 10 (3.32%) Banking
8 9 (2.99%) Publishing
9 7 (2.33%) Front Office
10 5 (1.66%) Law
11 4 (1.33%) Automotive
11 4 (1.33%) Legal
12 3 (1.00%) Pharmaceutical
13 2 (0.66%) Multimedia
14 1 (0.33%) Investment Banking
14 1 (0.33%) Mandarin Language
14 1 (0.33%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 86 (28.57%) Developer
2 68 (22.59%) Data Scientist
3 29 (9.63%) Python Developer
4 20 (6.64%) Data Engineer
5 19 (6.31%) Software Engineer
6 18 (5.98%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 16 (5.32%) Machine Learning Developer
8 15 (4.98%) Senior Developer
9 13 (4.32%) Chief Technology Officer
10 12 (3.99%) Architect
10 12 (3.99%) Full Stack Developer
10 12 (3.99%) Senior Data Scientist
11 11 (3.65%) Analyst
11 11 (3.65%) Java Developer
11 11 (3.65%) Solutions Architect
12 9 (2.99%) Quantitative Developer
13 8 (2.66%) C++ Developer
13 8 (2.66%) Head of Engineering
13 8 (2.66%) Junior
14 7 (2.33%) Data Analytics Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 41 (13.62%) Kafka
2 35 (11.63%) Node.js
3 34 (11.30%) Natural Language Processing
4 31 (10.30%) React
5 26 (8.64%) .NET
6 19 (6.31%) TensorFlow
7 18 (5.98%) AngularJS
8 15 (4.98%) Web Services
9 10 (3.32%) GraphX
10 9 (2.99%) HTML
10 9 (2.99%) Lucene
10 9 (2.99%) REST
10 9 (2.99%) Twitter Bootstrap
11 8 (2.66%) CSS
11 8 (2.66%) NumPy
11 8 (2.66%) scikit-learn
12 7 (2.33%) Pandas
12 7 (2.33%) RabbitMQ
12 7 (2.33%) RESTful
13 6 (1.99%) Akka
Miscellaneous
1 68 (22.59%) Algorithms
2 45 (14.95%) Computer Science
3 29 (9.63%) Fintech
4 28 (9.30%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (4.32%) Equities
6 9 (2.99%) Hedge funds
6 9 (2.99%) Semantic Web
6 9 (2.99%) User Experience
7 8 (2.66%) Virtual Team
8 6 (1.99%) Clustering
8 6 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (1.99%) Media Streaming
8 6 (1.99%) Mobile App
8 6 (1.99%) Robotics
9 4 (1.33%) Data Structures
9 4 (1.33%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (1.33%) HoloLens
10 3 (1.00%) Credit Risk
10 3 (1.00%) Fixed Income
10 3 (1.00%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 11 (3.65%) Linux
2 3 (1.00%) CentOS
2 3 (1.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 2 (0.66%) Android
4 1 (0.33%) Apple iOS
4 1 (0.33%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 88 (29.24%) Agile Software Development
2 78 (25.91%) Analytics
3 54 (17.94%) Software Engineering
4 46 (15.28%) Business Intelligence
5 42 (13.95%) Statistics
6 39 (12.96%) DevOps
7 38 (12.62%) Artificial Intelligence
8 37 (12.29%) Mathematics
9 34 (11.30%) TDD
9 34 (11.30%) Visualisation
10 30 (9.97%) Predictive Analytics
11 29 (9.63%) Digital Marketing
12 25 (8.31%) Data Engineering
12 25 (8.31%) Data Visualisation
12 25 (8.31%) Deep Learning
13 24 (7.97%) Data Analytics
13 24 (7.97%) Microservices
14 23 (7.64%) E-Commerce
15 22 (7.31%) Stakeholder Management
16 20 (6.64%) Algorithmic Trading
Programming Languages
1 209 (69.44%) Python
2 106 (35.22%) Java
3 102 (33.89%) SQL
4 68 (22.59%) Scala
5 65 (21.59%) R
6 49 (16.28%) C++
7 33 (10.96%) JavaScript
8 27 (8.97%) C#
9 21 (6.98%) Ruby
10 16 (5.32%) PHP
11 15 (4.98%) MATLAB
12 11 (3.65%) C
13 7 (2.33%) Go
14 3 (1.00%) Fortran
14 3 (1.00%) PowerShell
14 3 (1.00%) T-SQL
15 2 (0.66%) Groovy
15 2 (0.66%) Julia
15 2 (0.66%) Shell Script
15 2 (0.66%) VBA
Qualifications
1 75 (24.92%) Degree
2 45 (14.95%) PhD
3 21 (6.98%) Computer Science Degree
4 11 (3.65%) Master's Degree
5 7 (2.33%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
7 1 (0.33%) DV Cleared
7 1 (0.33%) MBA
7 1 (0.33%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.33%) SC Cleared
7 1 (0.33%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.33%) Data Quality
1 4 (1.33%) QA
2 2 (0.66%) GCP
3 1 (0.33%) GDPR
3 1 (0.33%) IFRS
3 1 (0.33%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 42 (13.95%) Docker
2 6 (1.99%) Apache Flume
3 3 (1.00%) HDFS
4 1 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.33%) LXC
Systems Management
1 24 (7.97%) Ansible
2 16 (5.32%) Kubernetes
3 12 (3.99%) Mesos
4 8 (2.66%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.66%) Nagios
5 2 (0.66%) Terraform
6 1 (0.33%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.33%) Packer
6 1 (0.33%) Puppet
6 1 (0.33%) Rancher
Vendors
1 35 (11.63%) Google
2 22 (7.31%) Tableau
3 21 (6.98%) SAP
4 13 (4.32%) Microsoft
5 11 (3.65%) Adthena
6 10 (3.32%) Oracle
7 8 (2.66%) PagerDuty
7 8 (2.66%) Talend
7 8 (2.66%) Teradata
8 6 (1.99%) Autodesk
8 6 (1.99%) DoubleClick
9 4 (1.33%) New Relic
9 4 (1.33%) Twitter
10 2 (0.66%) Alteryx
10 2 (0.66%) Facebook
10 2 (0.66%) IBM
10 2 (0.66%) MicroStrategy
10 2 (0.66%) Minitab
10 2 (0.66%) T-Plan
11 1 (0.33%) Capita