Period
to 9 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 9 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
9 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 94 104 205
Rank change year-on-year +10 +101 +109
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 358 302 140
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.34% 2.93% 1.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.63% 3.16% 1.34%
Number of salaries quoted 328 264 127
City of London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% -3.57%
10th Percentile £47,500 £45,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £115,000 £115,000
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £65,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +15.38% - -10.34%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 9,852 9,566 10,425
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 91.85% 92.77% 91.01%
Number of salaries quoted 8,824 8,641 9,493
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £59,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +0.84% +3.48%
10th Percentile £36,400 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £63,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +5.83% +4.35% -

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 9 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 2 £72,500 -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 9 December 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 203 (56.70%) Python
2 161 (44.97%) Data Science
3 155 (43.30%) Artificial Intelligence
4 123 (34.36%) Analytics
5 105 (29.33%) Finance
6 94 (26.26%) SQL
7 90 (25.14%) Algorithms
8 88 (24.58%) Mathematics
9 82 (22.91%) Java
10 80 (22.35%) JavaScript
11 78 (21.79%) Computer Science
11 78 (21.79%) Microsoft Azure
12 75 (20.95%) Big Data
13 66 (18.44%) Amazon AWS
14 65 (18.16%) R
14 65 (18.16%) Agile Software Development
15 64 (17.88%) Deep Learning
16 61 (17.04%) Degree
17 59 (16.48%) DevOps
18 57 (15.92%) Apache Spark
19 56 (15.64%) Software Engineering
20 54 (15.08%) Docker
21 50 (13.97%) Hadoop
21 50 (13.97%) C#
21 50 (13.97%) Business Intelligence
22 47 (13.13%) PhD
23 46 (12.85%) TensorFlow
24 45 (12.57%) Natural Language Processing
25 43 (12.01%) Scala
25 43 (12.01%) Banking

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (15.92%) Apache Spark
2 21 (5.87%) Elasticsearch
3 13 (3.63%) SAS
4 12 (3.35%) Apache
5 8 (2.23%) Apache Pig
6 5 (1.40%) Kinematics
7 2 (0.56%) Apache Airflow
7 2 (0.56%) IIS
7 2 (0.56%) Jupyter
8 1 (0.28%) Ethereum
8 1 (0.28%) IPython
8 1 (0.28%) Luigi
8 1 (0.28%) SugarCRM
Applications
1 6 (1.68%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.28%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 4 (1.12%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.28%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 78 (21.79%) Microsoft Azure
2 66 (18.44%) Amazon AWS
3 30 (8.38%) Google Cloud Platform
4 18 (5.03%) Cloud Computing
5 12 (3.35%) GitHub
5 12 (3.35%) PaaS
6 10 (2.79%) Azure Machine Learning
7 9 (2.51%) Serverless
8 7 (1.96%) Amazon EC2
9 6 (1.68%) Amazon SQS
9 6 (1.68%) Azure Data Factory
10 5 (1.40%) Amazon S3
10 5 (1.40%) OpenShift
11 4 (1.12%) SaaS
12 3 (0.84%) Data Lake Analytics
12 3 (0.84%) Heroku
13 2 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
13 2 (0.56%) Azure Functions
13 2 (0.56%) Google App Engine
14 1 (0.28%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 6 (1.68%) Internet
2 3 (0.84%) Firewall
2 3 (0.84%) Skype
3 2 (0.56%) DSL
3 2 (0.56%) HTTP
3 2 (0.56%) VPN
4 1 (0.28%) DHCP
4 1 (0.28%) DNS
4 1 (0.28%) Network Security
4 1 (0.28%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (20.95%) Big Data
2 50 (13.97%) Hadoop
3 43 (12.01%) Data Warehouse
4 33 (9.22%) PostgreSQL
5 31 (8.66%) NoSQL
6 28 (7.82%) Apache Cassandra
7 24 (6.70%) Apache Hive
8 21 (5.87%) Power BI
9 20 (5.59%) Data Lake
10 18 (5.03%) MongoDB
11 17 (4.75%) HBase
12 16 (4.47%) Data Mining
13 15 (4.19%) MySQL
14 14 (3.91%) Text Mining
15 13 (3.63%) SQL Server
16 12 (3.35%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 11 (3.07%) Blockchain
17 11 (3.07%) Sqoop
18 9 (2.51%) Redis
18 9 (2.51%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 35 (9.78%) Git (software)
2 8 (2.23%) Jenkins
3 6 (1.68%) Maven
3 6 (1.68%) Travis CI
3 6 (1.68%) webpack
4 5 (1.40%) GitLab
4 5 (1.40%) PhantomJS
4 5 (1.40%) UI Automator
5 4 (1.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 4 (1.12%) CircleCI
5 4 (1.12%) Gradle
5 4 (1.12%) Octopus Deploy
5 4 (1.12%) Selenium
5 4 (1.12%) TeamCity
6 3 (0.84%) gulp
6 3 (0.84%) Visual Studio
7 2 (0.56%) Jasmine
7 2 (0.56%) Karma Test Runner
7 2 (0.56%) Robot Framework
7 2 (0.56%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 105 (29.33%) Finance
2 43 (12.01%) Banking
3 18 (5.03%) Marketing
4 16 (4.47%) Investment Banking
5 15 (4.19%) Advertising
5 15 (4.19%) Retail
6 14 (3.91%) Games
7 11 (3.07%) Law
8 8 (2.23%) Retail Banking
9 7 (1.96%) Pharmaceutical
10 3 (0.84%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.56%) Front Office
12 1 (0.28%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.28%) Back Office
12 1 (0.28%) Financial Institution
12 1 (0.28%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 113 (31.56%) Developer
2 83 (23.18%) Data Scientist
3 46 (12.85%) Python Developer
4 42 (11.73%) Senior Data Scientist
5 28 (7.82%) Architect
6 23 (6.42%) Consultant
6 23 (6.42%) Data Engineer
7 22 (6.15%) Machine Learning Developer
8 20 (5.59%) Solutions Architect
9 19 (5.31%) .NET Architect
9 19 (5.31%) .NET Solutions Architect
9 19 (5.31%) Senior Developer
10 18 (5.03%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 18 (5.03%) Machine Learning Engineer
10 18 (5.03%) Python Engineer
11 15 (4.19%) DevOps Engineer
11 15 (4.19%) Java Developer
12 12 (3.35%) Software Engineer
13 10 (2.79%) Senior DevOps
14 9 (2.51%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (12.85%) TensorFlow
2 45 (12.57%) Natural Language Processing
3 36 (10.06%) REST
4 35 (9.78%) HTML
5 34 (9.50%) CSS
5 34 (9.50%) React
6 30 (8.38%) .NET
7 29 (8.10%) JSON
8 27 (7.54%) Kafka
9 26 (7.26%) Pandas
9 26 (7.26%) XML
10 24 (6.70%) Web Services
11 23 (6.42%) AngularJS
12 20 (5.59%) Django
12 20 (5.59%) NumPy
13 17 (4.75%) scikit-learn
14 14 (3.91%) Keras
15 11 (3.07%) Redux
16 10 (2.79%) SciPy
17 8 (2.23%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 90 (25.14%) Algorithms
2 39 (10.89%) Fintech
3 36 (10.06%) Analytical Skills
4 27 (7.54%) Data Structures
4 27 (7.54%) Greenfield Project
5 15 (4.19%) Self-Motivation
6 14 (3.91%) User Experience
7 11 (3.07%) Robotics
7 11 (3.07%) Social Media
8 7 (1.96%) Hedge funds
9 6 (1.68%) Clustering
9 6 (1.68%) Equities
9 6 (1.68%) Life Science
10 5 (1.40%) Cyberthreat
10 5 (1.40%) RIA
11 4 (1.12%) Reference Data
11 4 (1.12%) Tandem
12 3 (0.84%) FMCG
12 3 (0.84%) Mobile App
12 3 (0.84%) Mobile Banking
Operating Systems
1 28 (7.82%) Linux
2 15 (4.19%) Unix
3 6 (1.68%) Robot Operating System
4 5 (1.40%) Windows
5 3 (0.84%) Ubuntu
6 2 (0.56%) CentOS
6 2 (0.56%) Fedora
7 1 (0.28%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 161 (44.97%) Data Science
2 155 (43.30%) Artificial Intelligence
3 123 (34.36%) Analytics
4 88 (24.58%) Mathematics
5 78 (21.79%) Computer Science
6 65 (18.16%) Agile Software Development
7 64 (17.88%) Deep Learning
8 59 (16.48%) DevOps
9 56 (15.64%) Software Engineering
10 50 (13.97%) Business Intelligence
11 38 (10.61%) Statistics
11 38 (10.61%) Visualisation
12 34 (9.50%) Physics
13 32 (8.94%) Microservices
14 30 (8.38%) Data Analytics
15 29 (8.10%) Scrum
16 28 (7.82%) Data Modelling
16 28 (7.82%) SDLC
17 26 (7.26%) Mentoring
18 24 (6.70%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 203 (56.70%) Python
2 94 (26.26%) SQL
3 82 (22.91%) Java
4 80 (22.35%) JavaScript
5 65 (18.16%) R
6 50 (13.97%) C#
7 43 (12.01%) Scala
8 40 (11.17%) C++
9 21 (5.87%) C
10 13 (3.63%) MATLAB
11 12 (3.35%) ES6
12 11 (3.07%) Haskell
12 11 (3.07%) Ruby
13 9 (2.51%) Bash Shell
14 7 (1.96%) PHP
15 6 (1.68%) Kotlin
16 5 (1.40%) Elixir
16 5 (1.40%) Erlang
16 5 (1.40%) Go
17 4 (1.12%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 61 (17.04%) Degree
2 47 (13.13%) PhD
3 15 (4.19%) Computer Science Degree
4 10 (2.79%) Numerate Degree
5 5 (1.40%) MPhil
6 4 (1.12%) CRISC
7 3 (0.84%) Master's Degree
8 2 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (0.56%) Postgraduate
9 1 (0.28%) CCNA
9 1 (0.28%) CCNP
9 1 (0.28%) CEH
9 1 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.28%) CISSP
9 1 (0.28%) GCIA
9 1 (0.28%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (3.63%) QA
2 5 (1.40%) Data Quality
3 4 (1.12%) COBIT
4 2 (0.56%) Actionable Recommendations
4 2 (0.56%) GDPR
4 2 (0.56%) SLA
System Software
1 54 (15.08%) Docker
2 7 (1.96%) HDFS
3 5 (1.40%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.56%) GlusterFS
5 1 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.28%) VirtualBox
5 1 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 40 (11.17%) Kubernetes
2 13 (3.63%) Terraform
3 11 (3.07%) Ansible
4 9 (2.51%) Oozie
4 9 (2.51%) Puppet
5 4 (1.12%) Hadoop YARN
5 4 (1.12%) Prometheus
6 3 (0.84%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.28%) CSIRT
7 1 (0.28%) logstash
Vendors
1 25 (6.98%) Tableau
2 23 (6.42%) Google
3 17 (4.75%) Oracle
4 16 (4.47%) Microsoft
5 9 (2.51%) MapR
6 8 (2.23%) Cloudera
6 8 (2.23%) Hortonworks
7 7 (1.96%) Informatica
7 7 (1.96%) Red Hat
7 7 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
8 6 (1.68%) Facebook
9 4 (1.12%) Cisco
9 4 (1.12%) Databricks
9 4 (1.12%) IBM
10 3 (0.84%) Apple
10 3 (0.84%) SAP
10 3 (0.84%) Splunk
10 3 (0.84%) Sybase
10 3 (0.84%) Teradata
10 3 (0.84%) TIBCO