Period
to 21 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Machine Learning skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Machine Learning over the 6 months to 21 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Machine Learning
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 94 113 208
Rank change year-on-year +19 +95 +143
Permanent jobs citing Machine Learning 371 276 167
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 3.36% 2.72% 1.34%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.64% 2.97% 1.47%
Number of salaries quoted 338 248 144
City of London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.57% +16.67% -4.00%
10th Percentile £42,500 £46,250 £35,225
90th Percentile £109,125 £115,000 £114,625
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.70% +12.50% -7.69%

Machine Learning is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 10,182 9,300 11,396
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 92.19% 91.54% 91.62%
Number of salaries quoted 9,072 8,386 10,424
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - +4.35%
10th Percentile £37,000 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £93,750 £92,500 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%

Machine Learning
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Machine Learning as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London.

Salary trend for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Machine Learning in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 September 2018.

Salary histogram for Machine Learning in the City of London

Machine Learning
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Machine Learning within the City of London region over the 6 months to 21 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 3 £72,500 -
Machine Learning
Central London

For the 6 months to 21 September 2018, IT jobs citing Machine Learning also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Machine Learning.

1 202 (54.45%) Python
2 155 (41.78%) Data Science
3 139 (37.47%) Artificial Intelligence
4 133 (35.85%) Analytics
5 112 (30.19%) SQL
6 103 (27.76%) Big Data
7 99 (26.68%) Java
8 89 (23.99%) Finance
9 83 (22.37%) Microsoft Azure
10 78 (21.02%) Amazon AWS
10 78 (21.02%) Mathematics
11 76 (20.49%) Algorithms
12 73 (19.68%) Apache Spark
12 73 (19.68%) Agile Software Development
13 71 (19.14%) Computer Science
13 71 (19.14%) Degree
14 67 (18.06%) R
15 62 (16.71%) DevOps
15 62 (16.71%) Software Engineering
16 61 (16.44%) Hadoop
17 58 (15.63%) Business Intelligence
18 52 (14.02%) Scala
19 51 (13.75%) Docker
19 51 (13.75%) Statistics
20 50 (13.48%) JavaScript
21 49 (13.21%) Natural Language Processing
22 48 (12.94%) Fintech
23 47 (12.67%) Greenfield Project
24 46 (12.40%) Deep Learning
25 43 (11.59%) Data Analytics

Machine Learning
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (19.68%) Apache Spark
2 15 (4.04%) Elasticsearch
3 13 (3.50%) Apache
4 9 (2.43%) Apache Pig
5 8 (2.16%) Ethereum
5 8 (2.16%) SAS
6 4 (1.08%) Jupyter
6 4 (1.08%) WordPress
7 3 (0.81%) Kinematics
8 2 (0.54%) Apache Airflow
8 2 (0.54%) IIS
8 2 (0.54%) nginx
9 1 (0.27%) Apache Solr
9 1 (0.27%) Confluence
9 1 (0.27%) IPython
9 1 (0.27%) Luigi
9 1 (0.27%) Mule
9 1 (0.27%) Mule ESB
9 1 (0.27%) SugarCRM
Applications
1 6 (1.62%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 1 (0.27%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (2.16%) Ripple
2 2 (0.54%) Distributed Ledger
3 1 (0.27%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 83 (22.37%) Microsoft Azure
2 78 (21.02%) Amazon AWS
3 25 (6.74%) Google Cloud Platform
4 17 (4.58%) PaaS
5 15 (4.04%) Azure Data Factory
5 15 (4.04%) Cloud Computing
6 13 (3.50%) Azure Machine Learning
7 11 (2.96%) GitHub
8 9 (2.43%) Amazon EC2
9 8 (2.16%) Amazon SQS
10 7 (1.89%) Serverless
11 6 (1.62%) Amazon S3
11 6 (1.62%) Data Lake Analytics
12 5 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
13 4 (1.08%) Amazon ElastiCache
13 4 (1.08%) Amazon EMR
14 3 (0.81%) Amazon Kinesis
14 3 (0.81%) AWS CloudFormation
14 3 (0.81%) Cloudflare
14 3 (0.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.89%) DNS
1 7 (1.89%) HTTP
2 4 (1.08%) Internet
2 4 (1.08%) Intranet
3 3 (0.81%) Skype
3 3 (0.81%) SMTP
4 2 (0.54%) DSL
4 2 (0.54%) Firewall
5 1 (0.27%) DHCP
5 1 (0.27%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 103 (27.76%) Big Data
2 61 (16.44%) Hadoop
3 43 (11.59%) PostgreSQL
4 42 (11.32%) Data Warehouse
5 37 (9.97%) Data Lake
6 36 (9.70%) NoSQL
7 35 (9.43%) Power BI
8 27 (7.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 22 (5.93%) SQL Server
9 22 (5.93%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 21 (5.66%) MySQL
11 20 (5.39%) Apache Cassandra
11 20 (5.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 19 (5.12%) Azure SQL Database
13 18 (4.85%) Blockchain
13 18 (4.85%) Data Mining
14 17 (4.58%) Apache Hive
14 17 (4.58%) MongoDB
15 14 (3.77%) Redis
16 12 (3.23%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 31 (8.36%) Git (software)
2 15 (4.04%) Jenkins
3 9 (2.43%) Maven
4 7 (1.89%) Gradle
5 6 (1.62%) Selenium
6 5 (1.35%) JIRA
7 4 (1.08%) CircleCI
7 4 (1.08%) TeamCity
7 4 (1.08%) Travis CI
8 3 (0.81%) GitLab
8 3 (0.81%) gulp
8 3 (0.81%) RStudio
8 3 (0.81%) webpack
9 2 (0.54%) Appium
9 2 (0.54%) GoCD
9 2 (0.54%) JUnit
9 2 (0.54%) Octopus Deploy
9 2 (0.54%) Robot Framework
10 1 (0.27%) Buildbot
10 1 (0.27%) NUnit
General
1 89 (23.99%) Finance
2 42 (11.32%) Banking
3 26 (7.01%) Advertising
4 24 (6.47%) Retail
5 17 (4.58%) Marketing
6 16 (4.31%) Games
6 16 (4.31%) Investment Banking
7 12 (3.23%) Law
8 10 (2.70%) Front Office
9 6 (1.62%) Pharmaceutical
10 4 (1.08%) Multimedia
10 4 (1.08%) Telecoms
11 1 (0.27%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.27%) Automotive
11 1 (0.27%) Back Office
11 1 (0.27%) Financial Institution
11 1 (0.27%) Legal
11 1 (0.27%) Mandarin Language
11 1 (0.27%) Publishing
11 1 (0.27%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 123 (33.15%) Developer
2 82 (22.10%) Data Scientist
3 42 (11.32%) Python Developer
4 34 (9.16%) Data Engineer
5 33 (8.89%) Architect
6 32 (8.63%) Senior Data Scientist
7 27 (7.28%) Java Developer
8 25 (6.74%) Consultant
9 20 (5.39%) Machine Learning Developer
10 19 (5.12%) Senior Developer
11 17 (4.58%) Graduate
11 17 (4.58%) Solutions Architect
12 13 (3.50%) Data Consultant
12 13 (3.50%) DevOps Engineer
12 13 (3.50%) Python Engineer
13 12 (3.23%) .NET Architect
13 12 (3.23%) .NET Solutions Architect
14 11 (2.96%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 11 (2.96%) Software Developer
15 10 (2.70%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 49 (13.21%) Natural Language Processing
2 34 (9.16%) Kafka
3 33 (8.89%) REST
4 31 (8.36%) TensorFlow
5 26 (7.01%) HTML
5 26 (7.01%) React
6 25 (6.74%) Web Services
7 24 (6.47%) .NET
7 24 (6.47%) Pandas
8 23 (6.20%) Django
9 21 (5.66%) CSS
9 21 (5.66%) XML
10 20 (5.39%) JSON
10 20 (5.39%) scikit-learn
11 18 (4.85%) AngularJS
12 16 (4.31%) NumPy
13 14 (3.77%) Keras
14 13 (3.50%) RESTful
15 11 (2.96%) MLlib
16 10 (2.70%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 76 (20.49%) Algorithms
2 71 (19.14%) Computer Science
3 48 (12.94%) Fintech
4 47 (12.67%) Greenfield Project
5 33 (8.89%) Analytical Skills
6 22 (5.93%) Self-Motivation
7 15 (4.04%) Data Structures
8 10 (2.70%) Social Media
8 10 (2.70%) User Experience
9 8 (2.16%) Bitcoin
9 8 (2.16%) Digital Currency
9 8 (2.16%) Equities
9 8 (2.16%) Tandem
10 7 (1.89%) Life Science
10 7 (1.89%) Reference Data
11 6 (1.62%) Hedge funds
12 4 (1.08%) Blog
12 4 (1.08%) Management Information System
12 4 (1.08%) Mobile App
12 4 (1.08%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 37 (9.97%) Linux
2 13 (3.50%) Unix
3 10 (2.70%) Windows
4 4 (1.08%) Ubuntu
4 4 (1.08%) Windows 10
5 3 (0.81%) Robot Operating System
6 2 (0.54%) CentOS
6 2 (0.54%) Fedora
6 2 (0.54%) VyOS
7 1 (0.27%) Android
7 1 (0.27%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.27%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 155 (41.78%) Data Science
2 139 (37.47%) Artificial Intelligence
3 133 (35.85%) Analytics
4 78 (21.02%) Mathematics
5 73 (19.68%) Agile Software Development
6 62 (16.71%) DevOps
6 62 (16.71%) Software Engineering
7 58 (15.63%) Business Intelligence
8 51 (13.75%) Statistics
9 46 (12.40%) Deep Learning
10 43 (11.59%) Data Analytics
11 42 (11.32%) Microservices
12 38 (10.24%) Problem-Solving
13 36 (9.70%) Visualisation
14 32 (8.63%) TDD
15 31 (8.36%) Data Engineering
16 30 (8.09%) Physics
17 28 (7.55%) Scrum
18 27 (7.28%) Predictive Analytics
19 26 (7.01%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 202 (54.45%) Python
2 112 (30.19%) SQL
3 99 (26.68%) Java
4 67 (18.06%) R
5 52 (14.02%) Scala
6 50 (13.48%) JavaScript
7 42 (11.32%) C#
8 34 (9.16%) C++
9 16 (4.31%) MATLAB
10 13 (3.50%) Ruby
11 12 (3.23%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
12 10 (2.70%) Kotlin
13 9 (2.43%) C
14 7 (1.89%) Bash Shell
14 7 (1.89%) ES6
14 7 (1.89%) PHP
15 6 (1.62%) Go
16 5 (1.35%) Java 8
16 5 (1.35%) PowerShell
17 4 (1.08%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 71 (19.14%) Degree
2 42 (11.32%) PhD
3 15 (4.04%) Computer Science Degree
4 10 (2.70%) Numerate Degree
5 6 (1.62%) Master's Degree
6 4 (1.08%) Security Cleared
7 2 (0.54%) TOGAF Certification
8 1 (0.27%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.27%) CCNA
8 1 (0.27%) CCNP
8 1 (0.27%) CEH
8 1 (0.27%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.27%) CISSP
8 1 (0.27%) GCIA
8 1 (0.27%) GCIH
8 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (5.39%) QA
2 11 (2.96%) GCP
3 7 (1.89%) GDPR
4 6 (1.62%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.54%) SLA
6 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 1 (0.27%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 51 (13.75%) Docker
2 5 (1.35%) HDFS
3 4 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.08%) Apache Flume
3 4 (1.08%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.54%) GlusterFS
4 2 (0.54%) iptables
4 2 (0.54%) LXC
5 1 (0.27%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 34 (9.16%) Kubernetes
2 12 (3.23%) Ansible
3 6 (1.62%) Puppet
3 6 (1.62%) Terraform
4 5 (1.35%) Oozie
4 5 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
5 4 (1.08%) Mesos
6 3 (0.81%) Hadoop YARN
6 3 (0.81%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.27%) CSIRT
7 1 (0.27%) Kibana
Vendors
1 29 (7.82%) Microsoft
2 24 (6.47%) Tableau
3 23 (6.20%) Google
4 16 (4.31%) Oracle
5 9 (2.43%) Facebook
6 8 (2.16%) Informatica
7 6 (1.62%) MapR
8 5 (1.35%) Salesforce.com
8 5 (1.35%) VMware
9 4 (1.08%) Cloudera
9 4 (1.08%) Databricks
9 4 (1.08%) Hortonworks
9 4 (1.08%) Splunk
10 3 (0.81%) Apple
10 3 (0.81%) SAP
10 3 (0.81%) Sybase
10 3 (0.81%) TIBCO
10 3 (0.81%) Vertica
11 2 (0.54%) MicroStrategy
11 2 (0.54%) Teradata