Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 13 18
Rank change year-on-year +8 +5 +1
Permanent jobs citing Python 1,702 1,329 1,031
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 17.05% 11.94% 10.31%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.46% 19.25% 18.20%
Number of salaries quoted 1,500 1,224 928
City of London median annual salary £73,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.29% +7.69% +8.33%
10th Percentile £47,500 £42,500 £38,750
90th Percentile £110,800 £102,125 £107,500
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +8.33%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 5,980 6,905 5,664
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 59.90% 62.05% 56.65%
Number of salaries quoted 5,242 6,303 5,178
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% +4.35%
10th Percentile £42,500 £40,300 £37,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £95,000
Central London median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +3.85% +8.33% +4.35%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Salary trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -12 7 £70,000 +12.00%
Moorgate -4 1 £60,000 -7.69%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 633 (37.19%) Finance
2 600 (35.25%) AWS
3 585 (34.37%) SQL
4 484 (28.44%) Java
5 481 (28.26%) DevOps
6 456 (26.79%) Linux
7 438 (25.73%) Docker
8 397 (23.33%) Agile Software Development
9 356 (20.92%) Kubernetes
10 285 (16.75%) Machine Learning
11 274 (16.10%) Analytics
12 273 (16.04%) Data Science
13 270 (15.86%) JavaScript
14 268 (15.75%) Azure
15 257 (15.10%) C#
16 253 (14.86%) Degree
17 246 (14.45%) Fintech
18 241 (14.16%) GCP
19 235 (13.81%) Software Engineering
20 227 (13.34%) Terraform
21 212 (12.46%) Computer Science
21 212 (12.46%) Big Data
22 211 (12.40%) PostgreSQL
23 210 (12.34%) Business Intelligence
24 197 (11.57%) C++
25 193 (11.34%) Django
26 192 (11.28%) Ansible
27 187 (10.99%) Microservices
28 184 (10.81%) Problem-Solving
29 182 (10.69%) SQL Server

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 132 (7.76%) Apache Spark
2 80 (4.70%) Elasticsearch
3 42 (2.47%) Apache
4 27 (1.59%) Confluence
5 22 (1.29%) nginx
6 21 (1.23%) SAS
7 19 (1.12%) SharePoint
8 13 (0.76%) Apache Airflow
9 10 (0.59%) Luigi
9 10 (0.59%) OpenStack
10 9 (0.53%) CMS
10 9 (0.53%) Tomcat
11 8 (0.47%) WebSphere
12 7 (0.41%) Ethereum
13 6 (0.35%) Apache Solr
13 6 (0.35%) JBoss
14 4 (0.24%) Apache TomEE
14 4 (0.24%) Cloud Foundry
14 4 (0.24%) Zope
15 3 (0.18%) Drupal
Applications
1 28 (1.65%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.47%) SPSS
3 7 (0.41%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (0.29%) Stata
5 3 (0.18%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.059%) EViews
7 1 (0.059%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.059%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (0.53%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.18%) R3 Corda
3 1 (0.059%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.059%) FINCAD Analytics
3 1 (0.059%) HFM
3 1 (0.059%) Hyperion Planning
3 1 (0.059%) Oracle EBS
3 1 (0.059%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.059%) Relativity
3 1 (0.059%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 600 (35.25%) AWS
2 268 (15.75%) Azure
3 241 (14.16%) GCP
4 156 (9.17%) Power Platform
5 64 (3.76%) AWS CloudFormation
6 55 (3.23%) Serverless
7 46 (2.70%) AWS Lambda
8 36 (2.12%) Azure Data Factory
9 27 (1.59%) GitHub
10 23 (1.35%) Amazon S3
11 22 (1.29%) Datadog
11 22 (1.29%) SaaS
12 21 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
13 19 (1.12%) PaaS
14 17 (1.00%) Amazon EC2
15 16 (0.94%) Amazon Kinesis
16 15 (0.88%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 13 (0.76%) Amazon ECS
17 13 (0.76%) Amazon EMR
18 11 (0.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 37 (2.17%) TCP/IP
2 34 (2.00%) HTTP
3 22 (1.29%) DNS
4 16 (0.94%) Internet
5 14 (0.82%) Firewall
6 13 (0.76%) VPN
7 10 (0.59%) Network Security
8 8 (0.47%) LAN
9 6 (0.35%) SAN
9 6 (0.35%) WAN
10 4 (0.24%) SSL
11 3 (0.18%) Broadband
11 3 (0.18%) Intrusion Detection
11 3 (0.18%) SNA
11 3 (0.18%) Software-Defined Networking
11 3 (0.18%) SSH
11 3 (0.18%) Unified Communications
11 3 (0.18%) Wireless
11 3 (0.18%) WLAN
12 2 (0.12%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 212 (12.46%) Big Data
2 211 (12.40%) PostgreSQL
3 182 (10.69%) SQL Server
4 156 (9.17%) Power BI
5 132 (7.76%) NoSQL
6 115 (6.76%) Data Warehouse
7 113 (6.64%) Hadoop
8 110 (6.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 105 (6.17%) MySQL
10 103 (6.05%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 91 (5.35%) Relational Database
12 90 (5.29%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 68 (4.00%) MongoDB
14 56 (3.29%) Data Lake
15 52 (3.06%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 43 (2.53%) Blockchain
17 42 (2.47%) Microsoft Analysis Services
18 39 (2.29%) Apache Hive
19 38 (2.23%) Azure SQL Database
20 37 (2.17%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 150 (8.81%) Git (software)
2 120 (7.05%) Jenkins
3 55 (3.23%) JIRA
4 43 (2.53%) Visual Studio
5 40 (2.35%) Bitbucket
6 36 (2.12%) Cucumber
7 27 (1.59%) TeamCity
8 26 (1.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 23 (1.35%) Selenium
10 21 (1.23%) Subversion
11 18 (1.06%) GoCD
11 18 (1.06%) Maven
11 18 (1.06%) webpack
12 16 (0.94%) Vagrant
13 14 (0.82%) GitLab
13 14 (0.82%) Gradle
14 13 (0.76%) gulp
15 12 (0.71%) PyCharm
15 12 (0.71%) Travis CI
15 12 (0.71%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 633 (37.19%) Finance
2 133 (7.81%) Banking
3 95 (5.58%) Marketing
4 65 (3.82%) Front Office
5 61 (3.58%) Retail
6 56 (3.29%) Advertising
7 49 (2.88%) Telecoms
8 26 (1.53%) Games
9 25 (1.47%) Law
10 22 (1.29%) Back Office
11 13 (0.76%) Public Sector
12 12 (0.71%) Publishing
13 11 (0.65%) Financial Institution
14 7 (0.41%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.35%) Electronics
15 6 (0.35%) Manufacturing
16 5 (0.29%) Investment Banking
16 5 (0.29%) Legal
16 5 (0.29%) Music Industry
17 3 (0.18%) Billing
Job Titles
1 644 (37.84%) Developer
2 352 (20.68%) Python Developer
3 271 (15.92%) Python Engineer
4 249 (14.63%) DevOps Engineer
5 150 (8.81%) AWS Engineer
6 132 (7.76%) Data Engineer
7 122 (7.17%) Software Engineer
8 120 (7.05%) AWS DevOps
9 116 (6.82%) Senior Developer
10 110 (6.46%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 82 (4.82%) Data Scientist
12 80 (4.70%) Java Developer
13 76 (4.47%) Senior DevOps
14 73 (4.29%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 72 (4.23%) Analyst
16 71 (4.17%) Kubernetes Engineer
17 69 (4.05%) Linux Engineer
18 68 (4.00%) Business Intelligence Developer
19 62 (3.64%) Cloud Engineer
20 59 (3.47%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 193 (11.34%) Django
2 146 (8.58%) React
3 103 (6.05%) .NET
4 101 (5.93%) AngularJS
5 99 (5.82%) Node.js
6 98 (5.76%) Flask
7 95 (5.58%) Kafka
8 91 (5.35%) Web Services
9 88 (5.17%) HTML
10 84 (4.94%) REST
11 77 (4.52%) RESTful
12 65 (3.82%) Pandas
13 63 (3.70%) scikit-learn
14 61 (3.58%) TensorFlow
15 57 (3.35%) CSS
16 50 (2.94%) Elastic Stack
16 50 (2.94%) GraphQL
17 48 (2.82%) NumPy
18 42 (2.47%) Natural Language Processing
19 40 (2.35%) Keras
Miscellaneous
1 176 (10.34%) Analytical Skills
2 128 (7.52%) Algorithms
3 120 (7.05%) Greenfield Project
4 90 (5.29%) Hedge funds
5 62 (3.64%) Data Structures
6 50 (2.94%) Self-Motivation
7 41 (2.41%) Fixed Income
8 37 (2.17%) User Experience
9 35 (2.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 33 (1.94%) Cloud Native
11 31 (1.82%) Linux Command Line
12 29 (1.70%) Management Information System
12 29 (1.70%) Mobile App
13 27 (1.59%) Virtual Team
14 25 (1.47%) Public Cloud
15 23 (1.35%) Credit Risk
15 23 (1.35%) Data Centre
15 23 (1.35%) Equities
15 23 (1.35%) Market Risk
16 21 (1.23%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 456 (26.79%) Linux
2 152 (8.93%) Unix
3 99 (5.82%) Windows
4 28 (1.65%) Windows Server
5 15 (0.88%) CentOS
5 15 (0.88%) Ubuntu
6 14 (0.82%) Android
7 13 (0.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.35%) Apple iOS
9 3 (0.18%) Debian
9 3 (0.18%) Mac OS
9 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (0.18%) Windows Server 2012
10 2 (0.12%) Fedora
10 2 (0.12%) Windows 10
11 1 (0.059%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 481 (28.26%) DevOps
2 397 (23.33%) Agile Software Development
3 285 (16.75%) Machine Learning
4 274 (16.10%) Analytics
5 273 (16.04%) Data Science
6 246 (14.45%) Fintech
7 235 (13.81%) Software Engineering
8 212 (12.46%) Computer Science
9 210 (12.34%) Business Intelligence
10 187 (10.99%) Microservices
11 184 (10.81%) Problem-Solving
12 158 (9.28%) ETL
13 146 (8.58%) Artificial Intelligence
14 143 (8.40%) TDD
15 130 (7.64%) Test Automation
16 125 (7.34%) Mathematics
17 118 (6.93%) Infrastructure as Code
18 115 (6.76%) Continuous Integration
19 110 (6.46%) Data Analytics
20 107 (6.29%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 585 (34.37%) SQL
2 484 (28.44%) Java
3 270 (15.86%) JavaScript
4 257 (15.10%) C#
5 197 (11.57%) C++
6 180 (10.58%) Bash Shell
7 169 (9.93%) R
8 128 (7.52%) Scala
9 126 (7.40%) Go
10 124 (7.29%) Ruby
11 78 (4.58%) PowerShell
12 66 (3.88%) TypeScript
13 55 (3.23%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
14 49 (2.88%) PHP
15 46 (2.70%) Perl
16 43 (2.53%) VBA
17 39 (2.29%) Shell Script
18 34 (2.00%) C
19 29 (1.70%) Kotlin
20 28 (1.65%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 253 (14.86%) Degree
2 59 (3.47%) Computer Science Degree
3 44 (2.59%) PhD
4 36 (2.12%) Master's Degree
5 9 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
6 8 (0.47%) Security Cleared
7 6 (0.35%) AWS Certification
7 6 (0.35%) CISSP
8 5 (0.29%) CREST Certified
9 4 (0.24%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.24%) OSCP
10 3 (0.18%) CEH
10 3 (0.18%) OSCE
10 3 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
11 2 (0.12%) CCNP
11 2 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.059%) CCIE
12 1 (0.059%) JNCIP
12 1 (0.059%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.059%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 116 (6.82%) QA
2 13 (0.76%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.47%) EMIR
4 7 (0.41%) Dodd-Frank
4 7 (0.41%) MiFID
4 7 (0.41%) SLA
5 4 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 4 (0.24%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.12%) GDPR
System Software
1 438 (25.73%) Docker
2 22 (1.29%) Active Directory
3 20 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (0.94%) Hyper-V
5 11 (0.65%) XenApp
6 10 (0.59%) VMware Workstation
7 9 (0.53%) HDFS
7 9 (0.53%) KVM
8 8 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 8 (0.47%) Xen
9 6 (0.35%) Varnish
9 6 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.18%) LXC
10 3 (0.18%) vSphere
10 3 (0.18%) XenDesktop
11 2 (0.12%) Apache Flume
11 2 (0.12%) oVirt
11 2 (0.12%) QEMU
11 2 (0.12%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 356 (20.92%) Kubernetes
2 227 (13.34%) Terraform
3 192 (11.28%) Ansible
4 113 (6.64%) Puppet
5 69 (4.05%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (1.76%) Packer
6 30 (1.76%) Prometheus
7 21 (1.23%) Kibana
8 20 (1.18%) Consul
9 17 (1.00%) Salt
10 15 (0.88%) Grafana
11 11 (0.65%) Docker Swarm
12 8 (0.47%) Nagios
13 7 (0.41%) Graphite
13 7 (0.41%) Oozie
14 6 (0.35%) Dollar Universe
14 6 (0.35%) logstash
14 6 (0.35%) Mesos
15 4 (0.24%) Sysdig
16 3 (0.18%) Istio
Vendors
1 171 (10.05%) Google
2 107 (6.29%) Microsoft
3 95 (5.58%) Tableau
4 64 (3.76%) Oracle
5 39 (2.29%) Databricks
6 32 (1.88%) Red Hat
7 27 (1.59%) VMware
8 26 (1.53%) Sybase
9 24 (1.41%) Informatica
10 16 (0.94%) Citrix
11 15 (0.88%) Alteryx
11 15 (0.88%) Atlassian
11 15 (0.88%) Talend
12 13 (0.76%) Splunk
13 11 (0.65%) Samsung
14 9 (0.53%) Salesforce.com
14 9 (0.53%) YouTube
15 8 (0.47%) Facebook
15 8 (0.47%) New Relic
16 7 (0.41%) Remedy