Period
to 3 August 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 3 August 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
3 Aug 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 5 7
Rank change year-on-year -4 +2 +8
Permanent jobs citing Python 1,018 875 1,784
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 18.19% 16.82% 17.35%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.12% 29.31% 28.59%
Number of salaries quoted 898 769 1,615
10th Percentile £45,529 £43,300 £46,250
25th Percentile £56,250 £57,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.90% - +3.57%
75th Percentile £95,000 £91,250 £87,500
90th Percentile £111,250 £110,000 £110,000
Central London median annual salary £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
% change year-on-year +6.90% - +5.84%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,380 2,985 6,239
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 60.40% 57.37% 60.68%
Number of salaries quoted 3,089 2,648 5,598
10th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £93,750 £86,250 £83,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £105,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £66,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.26% +6.40%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Salary trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 3 August 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 3 August 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +4 4 £80,000 +14.29%
Moorgate +6 1 £50,000 -28.57%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 3 August 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 408 (40.08%) AWS
2 345 (33.89%) DevOps
3 330 (32.42%) SQL
4 322 (31.63%) Finance
5 308 (30.26%) Docker
6 273 (26.82%) Java
7 259 (25.44%) Agile Software Development
7 259 (25.44%) Kubernetes
8 245 (24.07%) Azure
9 205 (20.14%) Analytics
10 196 (19.25%) Jenkins
11 194 (19.06%) Terraform
12 177 (17.39%) Linux
13 170 (16.70%) Data Science
14 165 (16.21%) Software Engineering
15 164 (16.11%) C#
16 161 (15.82%) Social Skills
17 156 (15.32%) Degree
18 148 (14.54%) GCP
19 143 (14.05%) JavaScript
20 142 (13.95%) Ansible
21 141 (13.85%) Infrastructure as Code
22 123 (12.08%) Bash Shell
23 121 (11.89%) Artificial Intelligence
24 120 (11.79%) QA
25 118 (11.59%) Git (software)
26 116 (11.39%) Machine Learning
26 116 (11.39%) Microservices
27 107 (10.51%) C++
28 102 (10.02%) Fintech

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (7.96%) Apache Spark
2 34 (3.34%) Confluence
3 23 (2.26%) Apache Airflow
3 23 (2.26%) Elasticsearch
4 22 (2.16%) SAS
5 19 (1.87%) Apache
6 13 (1.28%) SharePoint
7 9 (0.88%) nginx
8 5 (0.49%) IIS
8 5 (0.49%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.49%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.29%) Appian
9 3 (0.29%) GlassFish
9 3 (0.29%) JBoss
9 3 (0.29%) OpenStack
9 3 (0.29%) Oracle Coherence
10 2 (0.20%) CMS
10 2 (0.20%) Jupyter
10 2 (0.20%) SugarCRM
11 1 (0.098%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 38 (3.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.38%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (0.49%) MS Visio
3 5 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.29%) SPSS
5 1 (0.098%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 7 (0.69%) FINCAD Analytics
2 3 (0.29%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.29%) FastStats
2 3 (0.29%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (0.29%) Unica
3 2 (0.20%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 2 (0.20%) IntelliMatch
4 1 (0.098%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.098%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.098%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.098%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.098%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 1 (0.098%) Relativity
4 1 (0.098%) SAP BPC
4 1 (0.098%) SAP GRC
4 1 (0.098%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 408 (40.08%) AWS
2 245 (24.07%) Azure
3 148 (14.54%) GCP
4 100 (9.82%) Serverless
5 71 (6.97%) Power Platform
6 49 (4.81%) Amazon EC2
7 42 (4.13%) SaaS
8 41 (4.03%) AWS Lambda
9 35 (3.44%) Amazon S3
10 34 (3.34%) AWS CloudFormation
11 26 (2.55%) Amazon ECS
12 24 (2.36%) IaaS
13 22 (2.16%) Microsoft 365
14 21 (2.06%) PaaS
15 12 (1.18%) Amazon EKS
15 12 (1.18%) Azure Data Factory
15 12 (1.18%) Snowflake
16 11 (1.08%) GitHub
17 8 (0.79%) Azure Key Vault
18 7 (0.69%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 29 (2.85%) Firewall
2 19 (1.87%) Network Security
3 14 (1.38%) HTTP
4 12 (1.18%) TCP/IP
5 10 (0.98%) WAN
6 9 (0.88%) Cisco Firepower
6 9 (0.88%) DNS
6 9 (0.88%) LAN
6 9 (0.88%) SSH
7 6 (0.59%) Cisco ISE
7 6 (0.59%) Cisco Nexus
7 6 (0.59%) DHCP
7 6 (0.59%) Ethernet
7 6 (0.59%) SD-WAN
7 6 (0.59%) VLAN
8 5 (0.49%) Cisco ASA
8 5 (0.49%) Internet
8 5 (0.49%) Multicast
8 5 (0.49%) VoIP
8 5 (0.49%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (8.84%) NoSQL
2 88 (8.64%) SQL Server
3 83 (8.15%) Relational Database
4 78 (7.66%) PostgreSQL
5 76 (7.47%) Big Data
6 67 (6.58%) Tableau
7 66 (6.48%) Data Warehouse
8 63 (6.19%) Power BI
9 61 (5.99%) MongoDB
10 59 (5.80%) Hadoop
11 40 (3.93%) Data Lake
12 35 (3.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 34 (3.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 30 (2.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 27 (2.65%) MySQL
16 25 (2.46%) Amazon Redshift
17 23 (2.26%) Apache Hive
18 21 (2.06%) Amazon RDS
18 21 (2.06%) Azure SQL Database
19 20 (1.96%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 196 (19.25%) Jenkins
2 118 (11.59%) Git (software)
3 80 (7.86%) JIRA
4 59 (5.80%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 39 (3.83%) CircleCI
6 36 (3.54%) SonarQube
7 35 (3.44%) Selenium
8 30 (2.95%) GitLab
9 28 (2.75%) Cucumber
10 23 (2.26%) Travis CI
11 21 (2.06%) TeamCity
12 20 (1.96%) Bitbucket
13 16 (1.57%) Postman
13 16 (1.57%) Robot Framework
14 12 (1.18%) Octopus Deploy
15 11 (1.08%) Sonatype Nexus
16 9 (0.88%) JUnit
17 8 (0.79%) Maven
18 7 (0.69%) Gradle
18 7 (0.69%) Visual Studio
General
1 322 (31.63%) Finance
2 161 (15.82%) Social Skills
3 81 (7.96%) Analytical Skills
4 74 (7.27%) Front Office
5 57 (5.60%) Games
6 49 (4.81%) Banking
7 42 (4.13%) Marketing
8 41 (4.03%) Advertising
8 41 (4.03%) Presentation Skills
9 40 (3.93%) Retail
10 37 (3.63%) Telecoms
11 34 (3.34%) Influencing Skills
12 19 (1.87%) Organisational Skills
13 17 (1.67%) Legal
14 15 (1.47%) Investment Banking
15 12 (1.18%) Law
15 12 (1.18%) Publishing
16 11 (1.08%) Public Sector
17 7 (0.69%) Back Office
18 6 (0.59%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 226 (22.20%) Developer
2 152 (14.93%) DevOps Engineer
3 128 (12.57%) Data Engineer
4 101 (9.92%) Python Developer
5 83 (8.15%) AWS Engineer
6 78 (7.66%) Analyst
7 57 (5.60%) Python Engineer
8 54 (5.30%) Senior DevOps
8 54 (5.30%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 51 (5.01%) Data Scientist
9 51 (5.01%) Senior Developer
10 43 (4.22%) AWS DevOps
10 43 (4.22%) Security Engineer
11 42 (4.13%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 39 (3.83%) Java Developer
13 38 (3.73%) Junior
14 36 (3.54%) Technical Leader
15 33 (3.24%) Software Engineer
16 29 (2.85%) Data Analyst
16 29 (2.85%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 93 (9.14%) .NET
2 88 (8.64%) Node.js
3 63 (6.19%) Kafka
4 62 (6.09%) React
5 47 (4.62%) REST
6 43 (4.22%) AngularJS
6 43 (4.22%) HTML
7 42 (4.13%) OAuth
8 39 (3.83%) RESTful
9 38 (3.73%) Django
10 37 (3.63%) OAuth2
11 35 (3.44%) OpenID
12 31 (3.05%) Flask
13 29 (2.85%) Web Services
14 28 (2.75%) HTML5
15 27 (2.65%) SQLAlchemy
16 26 (2.55%) NumPy
16 26 (2.55%) TensorFlow
17 25 (2.46%) CSS
17 25 (2.46%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 43 (4.22%) Algorithms
2 35 (3.44%) Derivative
3 32 (3.14%) Data Structures
4 31 (3.05%) Greenfield Project
5 22 (2.16%) Equities
6 21 (2.06%) Data Centre
7 17 (1.67%) Hedge funds
7 17 (1.67%) Mobile Games
8 16 (1.57%) Fixed Income
9 13 (1.28%) Social Media
9 13 (1.28%) User Experience
10 12 (1.18%) Public Cloud
11 11 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 11 (1.08%) Management Information System
12 10 (0.98%) Credit Risk
12 10 (0.98%) Self-Motivation
13 9 (0.88%) Cloud Native
14 8 (0.79%) Equity Derivative
14 8 (0.79%) Mobile App
14 8 (0.79%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 177 (17.39%) Linux
2 83 (8.15%) Windows
3 64 (6.29%) Unix
4 23 (2.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 23 (2.26%) Ubuntu
5 19 (1.87%) CentOS
6 6 (0.59%) CoreOS
7 4 (0.39%) Android
7 4 (0.39%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.39%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.29%) VMS
8 3 (0.29%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.20%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.20%) Solaris
9 2 (0.20%) SUSE
10 1 (0.098%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 345 (33.89%) DevOps
2 259 (25.44%) Agile Software Development
3 205 (20.14%) Analytics
4 170 (16.70%) Data Science
5 165 (16.21%) Software Engineering
6 141 (13.85%) Infrastructure as Code
7 121 (11.89%) Artificial Intelligence
8 116 (11.39%) Machine Learning
8 116 (11.39%) Microservices
9 102 (10.02%) Fintech
10 100 (9.82%) Test Automation
11 99 (9.72%) Computer Science
12 93 (9.14%) ETL
13 91 (8.94%) Problem-Solving
14 82 (8.06%) Data Modelling
15 79 (7.76%) Business Intelligence
16 75 (7.37%) Data Pipeline
17 72 (7.07%) Data Analytics
18 71 (6.97%) Data Engineering
19 62 (6.09%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 330 (32.42%) SQL
2 273 (26.82%) Java
3 164 (16.11%) C#
4 143 (14.05%) JavaScript
5 123 (12.08%) Bash Shell
6 107 (10.51%) C++
7 102 (10.02%) Go
8 89 (8.74%) R
9 80 (7.86%) PowerShell
10 45 (4.42%) Perl
11 43 (4.22%) Scala
12 39 (3.83%) TypeScript
13 32 (3.14%) PHP
14 31 (3.05%) VBA
15 29 (2.85%) Shell Script
16 28 (2.75%) Ruby
17 21 (2.06%) C
18 17 (1.67%) Kotlin
19 14 (1.38%) T-SQL
20 12 (1.18%) ES6
Qualifications
1 156 (15.32%) Degree
2 51 (5.01%) Master's Degree
3 45 (4.42%) Computer Science Degree
4 34 (3.34%) PhD
5 15 (1.47%) Security Cleared
6 13 (1.28%) SC Cleared
7 7 (0.69%) AWS Certification
7 7 (0.69%) Cisco Certification
8 5 (0.49%) CCNP
8 5 (0.49%) ISTQB
9 4 (0.39%) CCNA
9 4 (0.39%) ISEB
9 4 (0.39%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 4 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
10 3 (0.29%) CREST Certified
10 3 (0.29%) CWNA
10 3 (0.29%) DBS Check
10 3 (0.29%) GCFA
10 3 (0.29%) GREM
10 3 (0.29%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (11.79%) QA
2 42 (4.13%) GDPR
3 19 (1.87%) Data Quality
4 5 (0.49%) MiFID
4 5 (0.49%) Solvency II
5 4 (0.39%) Dodd-Frank
5 4 (0.39%) EMIR
6 3 (0.29%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.29%) PMO
7 2 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 2 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.098%) Accessibility
8 1 (0.098%) Actionable Recommendations
8 1 (0.098%) COBIT
8 1 (0.098%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.098%) GRC
8 1 (0.098%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.098%) NIST
System Software
1 308 (30.26%) Docker
2 21 (2.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (1.77%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.59%) VMware NSX
5 4 (0.39%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.39%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.29%) HDFS
6 3 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
7 2 (0.20%) LXC
7 2 (0.20%) Xen
8 1 (0.098%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.098%) KVM
8 1 (0.098%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.098%) vSphere
8 1 (0.098%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 259 (25.44%) Kubernetes
2 194 (19.06%) Terraform
3 142 (13.95%) Ansible
4 87 (8.55%) Puppet
5 36 (3.54%) Prometheus
6 30 (2.95%) Grafana
7 26 (2.55%) Opscode Chef
8 10 (0.98%) Packer
9 7 (0.69%) FortiGate
9 7 (0.69%) Nagios
10 6 (0.59%) Docker Swarm
10 6 (0.59%) HP Quality Center
11 5 (0.49%) Kibana
11 5 (0.49%) Kubeflow
11 5 (0.49%) Salt
12 4 (0.39%) Consul
13 3 (0.29%) Cisco CUCM
13 3 (0.29%) EnCase
13 3 (0.29%) FTK
13 3 (0.29%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 79 (7.76%) Microsoft
2 75 (7.37%) Oracle
3 29 (2.85%) Google
4 26 (2.55%) VMware
5 21 (2.06%) Databricks
6 19 (1.87%) Cisco
7 17 (1.67%) Facebook
8 16 (1.57%) IBM
9 13 (1.28%) Alteryx
9 13 (1.28%) Palo Alto
10 12 (1.18%) Talend
11 11 (1.08%) Red Hat
12 9 (0.88%) Atlassian
12 9 (0.88%) Fortinet
12 9 (0.88%) Informatica
12 9 (0.88%) SolarWinds
12 9 (0.88%) Splunk
13 8 (0.79%) Bloomberg
13 8 (0.79%) SAP
14 7 (0.69%) Salesforce.com