Period
to 10 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 10 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
10 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 8 7 8
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 +7
Permanent jobs citing Python 947 1,176 1,665
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 19.19% 15.63% 16.37%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.73% 28.00% 26.58%
Number of salaries quoted 865 1,047 1,517
10th Percentile £46,250 £47,500 £45,000
25th Percentile £57,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £72,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.45% - +7.41%
75th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £87,500
90th Percentile £112,500 £112,500 £107,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £75,000 £70,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +3.70%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,082 4,200 6,264
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 62.46% 55.81% 61.61%
Number of salaries quoted 2,843 3,757 5,674
10th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
25th Percentile £56,250 £52,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £106,250 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Salary trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 10 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 10 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +11 4 £80,000 +14.29%
Moorgate +8 1 £50,000 -23.08%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 10 May 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 310 (32.73%) AWS
2 305 (32.21%) SQL
2 305 (32.21%) Finance
3 290 (30.62%) DevOps
4 284 (29.99%) Docker
5 251 (26.50%) Agile Software Development
6 233 (24.60%) Java
7 207 (21.86%) Kubernetes
8 199 (21.01%) Jenkins
9 192 (20.27%) Azure
10 162 (17.11%) Terraform
11 158 (16.68%) Linux
12 154 (16.26%) C#
13 151 (15.95%) JavaScript
14 149 (15.73%) Degree
15 147 (15.52%) Ansible
16 142 (14.99%) Machine Learning
17 139 (14.68%) Analytics
18 134 (14.15%) Data Science
19 128 (13.52%) Software Engineering
20 120 (12.67%) GCP
21 119 (12.57%) Computer Science
22 118 (12.46%) Git (software)
23 113 (11.93%) Bash Shell
24 111 (11.72%) Puppet
25 110 (11.62%) Artificial Intelligence
26 109 (11.51%) Social Skills
27 107 (11.30%) Infrastructure as Code
28 100 (10.56%) Fintech
29 88 (9.29%) Go

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (7.81%) Apache Spark
2 22 (2.32%) SAS
3 20 (2.11%) Apache
4 19 (2.01%) Confluence
5 16 (1.69%) Apache Airflow
5 16 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
6 5 (0.53%) nginx
6 5 (0.53%) WebSphere
7 4 (0.42%) CMS
8 3 (0.32%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 3 (0.32%) GlassFish
8 3 (0.32%) IIS
8 3 (0.32%) JBoss
8 3 (0.32%) OpenStack
8 3 (0.32%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.21%) SugarCRM
10 1 (0.11%) Appian
Applications
1 33 (3.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.84%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.11%) Mingle
5 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 10 (1.06%) FINCAD Analytics
2 3 (0.32%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.11%) FastStats
3 1 (0.11%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 310 (32.73%) AWS
2 192 (20.27%) Azure
3 120 (12.67%) GCP
4 60 (6.34%) Serverless
5 53 (5.60%) Power Platform
6 38 (4.01%) AWS Lambda
7 36 (3.80%) SaaS
8 35 (3.70%) AWS CloudFormation
9 34 (3.59%) Amazon EC2
10 28 (2.96%) Amazon S3
11 22 (2.32%) IaaS
12 15 (1.58%) Amazon ECS
12 15 (1.58%) Azure Data Factory
13 14 (1.48%) Azure Active Directory
14 12 (1.27%) GitHub
15 11 (1.16%) Amazon Kinesis
15 11 (1.16%) PaaS
16 10 (1.06%) Amazon EKS
17 9 (0.95%) AWS Fargate
17 9 (0.95%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 31 (3.27%) TCP/IP
2 24 (2.53%) Firewall
2 24 (2.53%) HTTP
3 16 (1.69%) Multicast
4 15 (1.58%) Network Security
5 13 (1.37%) WAN
6 12 (1.27%) LAN
7 11 (1.16%) BGP
8 10 (1.06%) OSPF
8 10 (1.06%) tcpdump
9 9 (0.95%) SSH
10 8 (0.84%) Cisco Firepower
11 7 (0.74%) Cisco ISE
11 7 (0.74%) Ethernet
11 7 (0.74%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 7 (0.74%) SD-WAN
12 6 (0.63%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
12 6 (0.63%) Internet
13 5 (0.53%) DNS
13 5 (0.53%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (7.60%) SQL Server
2 69 (7.29%) PostgreSQL
3 65 (6.86%) Hadoop
4 63 (6.65%) NoSQL
5 60 (6.34%) Big Data
6 53 (5.60%) Power BI
7 49 (5.17%) Relational Database
8 47 (4.96%) Tableau
9 35 (3.70%) Data Warehouse
9 35 (3.70%) MongoDB
9 35 (3.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 33 (3.48%) Apache Hive
11 31 (3.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 23 (2.43%) Data Lake
13 21 (2.22%) Data Mining
14 20 (2.11%) Amazon RDS
14 20 (2.11%) Azure SQL Database
14 20 (2.11%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 19 (2.01%) MySQL
16 15 (1.58%) KDB
Development Applications
1 199 (21.01%) Jenkins
2 118 (12.46%) Git (software)
3 53 (5.60%) CircleCI
4 42 (4.44%) JIRA
5 40 (4.22%) Travis CI
6 36 (3.80%) GitLab
7 27 (2.85%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 22 (2.32%) Selenium
9 16 (1.69%) TeamCity
10 15 (1.58%) Cucumber
11 11 (1.16%) SonarQube
12 10 (1.06%) Bitbucket
12 10 (1.06%) Visual Studio
13 9 (0.95%) Appium
13 9 (0.95%) Sonatype Nexus
14 8 (0.84%) Octopus Deploy
15 7 (0.74%) Maven
16 6 (0.63%) Calabash
17 5 (0.53%) Artifactory
17 5 (0.53%) Gradle
General
1 305 (32.21%) Finance
2 109 (11.51%) Social Skills
3 72 (7.60%) Analytical Skills
4 69 (7.29%) Front Office
5 61 (6.44%) Banking
6 39 (4.12%) Advertising
7 29 (3.06%) Games
8 26 (2.75%) Telecoms
9 25 (2.64%) Marketing
10 24 (2.53%) Organisational Skills
10 24 (2.53%) Retail
11 14 (1.48%) Investment Banking
12 13 (1.37%) Presentation Skills
13 12 (1.27%) Public Sector
14 10 (1.06%) Influencing Skills
14 10 (1.06%) Law
15 8 (0.84%) Back Office
16 7 (0.74%) Retail Banking
17 6 (0.63%) Financial Institution
17 6 (0.63%) Legal
Job Titles
1 262 (27.67%) Developer
2 133 (14.04%) Python Developer
3 120 (12.67%) DevOps Engineer
4 108 (11.40%) Data Engineer
5 73 (7.71%) Senior Developer
6 71 (7.50%) Analyst
7 62 (6.55%) AWS Engineer
8 60 (6.34%) Python Engineer
9 45 (4.75%) Senior DevOps
9 45 (4.75%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 41 (4.33%) Data Scientist
11 39 (4.12%) Java Developer
11 39 (4.12%) Software Engineer
12 38 (4.01%) AWS DevOps
13 36 (3.80%) Senior Python Developer
14 35 (3.70%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 31 (3.27%) Junior
16 29 (3.06%) Quantitative Developer
17 28 (2.96%) Machine Learning Engineer
17 28 (2.96%) Senior Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 85 (8.98%) .NET
2 76 (8.03%) Node.js
3 67 (7.07%) Django
3 67 (7.07%) React
4 61 (6.44%) Kafka
5 56 (5.91%) HTML
6 52 (5.49%) AngularJS
7 46 (4.86%) CSS
8 44 (4.65%) Flask
9 37 (3.91%) Web Services
10 36 (3.80%) GraphQL
10 36 (3.80%) RESTful
11 34 (3.59%) REST
12 28 (2.96%) HTML5
13 25 (2.64%) Pandas
14 24 (2.53%) JSON
14 24 (2.53%) TensorFlow
15 23 (2.43%) Elastic Stack
16 22 (2.32%) SQLAlchemy
17 21 (2.22%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 55 (5.81%) Data Structures
2 41 (4.33%) Algorithms
3 31 (3.27%) Equities
4 30 (3.17%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 29 (3.06%) Greenfield Project
6 28 (2.96%) Derivative
7 25 (2.64%) Hedge funds
8 20 (2.11%) Data Centre
9 16 (1.69%) User Experience
10 13 (1.37%) Enterprise Software
10 13 (1.37%) Mobile App
11 11 (1.16%) Market Risk
11 11 (1.16%) Public Cloud
11 11 (1.16%) Self-Motivation
12 10 (1.06%) Cloud Native
12 10 (1.06%) Fixed Income
13 9 (0.95%) Exotic Derivative
14 7 (0.74%) Clustering
14 7 (0.74%) Equity Derivative
14 7 (0.74%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 158 (16.68%) Linux
2 66 (6.97%) Unix
3 61 (6.44%) Windows
4 24 (2.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 21 (2.22%) Android
6 16 (1.69%) CentOS
7 13 (1.37%) Ubuntu
8 6 (0.63%) Apple iOS
9 2 (0.21%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.21%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.21%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.11%) VMS
10 1 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 290 (30.62%) DevOps
2 251 (26.50%) Agile Software Development
3 142 (14.99%) Machine Learning
4 139 (14.68%) Analytics
5 134 (14.15%) Data Science
6 128 (13.52%) Software Engineering
7 119 (12.57%) Computer Science
8 110 (11.62%) Artificial Intelligence
9 107 (11.30%) Infrastructure as Code
10 100 (10.56%) Fintech
11 88 (9.29%) Microservices
12 87 (9.19%) ETL
13 81 (8.55%) Test Automation
14 77 (8.13%) OO
15 66 (6.97%) Problem-Solving
16 63 (6.65%) Data Analytics
17 61 (6.44%) Business Intelligence
17 61 (6.44%) Mentoring
17 61 (6.44%) Visualisation
18 60 (6.34%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 305 (32.21%) SQL
2 233 (24.60%) Java
3 154 (16.26%) C#
4 151 (15.95%) JavaScript
5 113 (11.93%) Bash Shell
6 88 (9.29%) Go
7 79 (8.34%) C++
8 65 (6.86%) PowerShell
9 64 (6.76%) R
10 55 (5.81%) TypeScript
11 41 (4.33%) Perl
12 40 (4.22%) Scala
13 38 (4.01%) PHP
14 29 (3.06%) VBA
15 27 (2.85%) Ruby
16 22 (2.32%) Kotlin
16 22 (2.32%) Shell Script
17 20 (2.11%) ES6
18 19 (2.01%) C
19 16 (1.69%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 149 (15.73%) Degree
2 51 (5.39%) Computer Science Degree
3 42 (4.44%) PhD
4 29 (3.06%) Master's Degree
5 13 (1.37%) SC Cleared
5 13 (1.37%) Security Cleared
6 10 (1.06%) Cisco Certification
7 5 (0.53%) CCIE
7 5 (0.53%) CCNP
7 5 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.42%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 3 (0.32%) EnCE
9 3 (0.32%) GCFA
9 3 (0.32%) GCFE
9 3 (0.32%) GREM
10 2 (0.21%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.21%) CCNA
10 2 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.11%) CompTIA Security+
11 1 (0.11%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 73 (7.71%) QA
2 21 (2.22%) Data Quality
3 13 (1.37%) GDPR
4 9 (0.95%) Dodd-Frank
4 9 (0.95%) EMIR
4 9 (0.95%) MiFID
5 3 (0.32%) ISO 20022
6 2 (0.21%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.21%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.11%) COBIT
7 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 284 (29.99%) Docker
2 21 (2.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (1.58%) Active Directory
4 8 (0.84%) VMware NSX
5 7 (0.74%) HDFS
6 3 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.11%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.11%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
8 1 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 207 (21.86%) Kubernetes
2 162 (17.11%) Terraform
3 147 (15.52%) Ansible
4 111 (11.72%) Puppet
5 46 (4.86%) Opscode Chef
6 32 (3.38%) Prometheus
7 12 (1.27%) Grafana
8 8 (0.84%) FortiGate
9 7 (0.74%) Packer
10 6 (0.63%) Failover Clustering
11 4 (0.42%) Nagios
11 4 (0.42%) Salt
12 3 (0.32%) Cisco CUCM
12 3 (0.32%) Docker Swarm
12 3 (0.32%) EnCase
12 3 (0.32%) FTK
12 3 (0.32%) Kubeflow
13 2 (0.21%) ITRS Geneos
13 2 (0.21%) Kibana
13 2 (0.21%) Mesos
Vendors
1 71 (7.50%) Microsoft
2 34 (3.59%) Oracle
3 27 (2.85%) VMware
4 26 (2.75%) Google
5 21 (2.22%) Cisco
6 19 (2.01%) Databricks
7 13 (1.37%) Talend
8 12 (1.27%) Palo Alto
8 12 (1.27%) SolarWinds
9 11 (1.16%) Apple
9 11 (1.16%) Cloudera
9 11 (1.16%) Informatica
10 10 (1.06%) Fortinet
10 10 (1.06%) IBM
10 10 (1.06%) Red Hat
11 8 (0.84%) F5
12 7 (0.74%) CA
13 6 (0.63%) Bloomberg
13 6 (0.63%) Facebook
13 6 (0.63%) Splunk