Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 13 17 20
Rank change year-on-year +4 +3 +2
Permanent jobs citing Python 1,344 1,074 996
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 12.64% 10.36% 8.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.14% 18.06% 15.22%
Number of salaries quoted 1,220 972 894
City of London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +12.00% -3.85%
10th Percentile £45,000 £41,250 £42,250
90th Percentile £102,500 £110,000 £105,000
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £65,000 £60,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +8.33% -4.00%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 6,673 5,947 6,542
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 62.75% 57.35% 58.21%
Number of salaries quoted 6,080 5,441 6,022
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
10th Percentile £40,725 £39,250 £36,750
90th Percentile £96,250 £95,000 £90,000
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +0.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Salary trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate -3 4 £65,000 -27.78% 1
London Bridge - 4 £71,250 -
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 448 (33.33%) Java
2 429 (31.92%) Linux
3 428 (31.85%) DevOps
4 405 (30.13%) Amazon AWS
5 401 (29.84%) Finance
6 387 (28.79%) SQL
7 368 (27.38%) Agile Software Development
8 307 (22.84%) Docker
9 281 (20.91%) JavaScript
10 251 (18.68%) Ansible
11 224 (16.67%) C#
12 216 (16.07%) Bash Shell
13 210 (15.63%) C++
14 207 (15.40%) Ruby
14 207 (15.40%) Machine Learning
15 204 (15.18%) Software Engineering
16 203 (15.10%) Puppet
17 197 (14.66%) Kubernetes
18 193 (14.36%) Microsoft Azure
19 183 (13.62%) Jenkins
20 176 (13.10%) Data Science
21 164 (12.20%) Analytics
21 164 (12.20%) Computer Science
22 161 (11.98%) Unix
23 154 (11.46%) Degree
24 152 (11.31%) Scala
25 151 (11.24%) Opscode Chef
26 150 (11.16%) .NET
27 147 (10.94%) Microservices
28 143 (10.64%) Mathematics

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 106 (7.89%) Apache Spark
2 59 (4.39%) Elasticsearch
3 58 (4.32%) Apache
4 42 (3.13%) OpenStack
5 27 (2.01%) nginx
6 22 (1.64%) Tomcat
7 20 (1.49%) SAS
8 17 (1.26%) SharePoint
9 16 (1.19%) IIS
10 11 (0.82%) WebSphere
11 8 (0.60%) Apache Pig
11 8 (0.60%) Confluence
12 7 (0.52%) Apache Airflow
12 7 (0.52%) CMS
13 6 (0.45%) Apache Solr
14 5 (0.37%) GemFire
14 5 (0.37%) Jupyter
14 5 (0.37%) Kinematics
14 5 (0.37%) Umbraco
15 4 (0.30%) WordPress
Applications
1 15 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (0.45%) Spreadsheet
4 5 (0.37%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.30%) Maya
5 4 (0.30%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.15%) Adobe After Effects
6 2 (0.15%) Houdini
6 2 (0.15%) NUKE
6 2 (0.15%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.074%) GNU Octave
7 1 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 21 (1.56%) Distributed Ledger
2 13 (0.97%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.30%) RiskWrite
3 4 (0.30%) SunGard GMI
4 2 (0.15%) Odoo
4 2 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
5 1 (0.074%) Magento
5 1 (0.074%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 405 (30.13%) Amazon AWS
2 193 (14.36%) Microsoft Azure
3 133 (9.90%) Google Cloud Platform
4 31 (2.31%) Amazon S3
5 30 (2.23%) Amazon EC2
5 30 (2.23%) Serverless
6 28 (2.08%) Cloud Computing
7 24 (1.79%) AWS CloudFormation
7 24 (1.79%) GitHub
8 23 (1.71%) SaaS
9 20 (1.49%) AWS Lambda
10 17 (1.26%) OpenShift
11 15 (1.12%) Amazon EMR
12 13 (0.97%) Office 365
13 12 (0.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 11 (0.82%) Amazon SQS
14 11 (0.82%) Datadog
14 11 (0.82%) PaaS
15 10 (0.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 9 (0.67%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 44 (3.27%) Firewall
2 31 (2.31%) DNS
3 22 (1.64%) TCP/IP
4 16 (1.19%) VPN
5 14 (1.04%) SAN
5 14 (1.04%) VLAN
6 13 (0.97%) HTTP
7 12 (0.89%) Internet
8 11 (0.82%) DHCP
9 10 (0.74%) BIG-IP
10 9 (0.67%) Network Security
11 8 (0.60%) BGP
11 8 (0.60%) FTP
11 8 (0.60%) SSH
12 7 (0.52%) WAN
13 5 (0.37%) Cisco IOS
13 5 (0.37%) DKIM
13 5 (0.37%) DMARC
13 5 (0.37%) NAS
14 4 (0.30%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 136 (10.12%) Big Data
2 133 (9.90%) MySQL
3 124 (9.23%) NoSQL
4 117 (8.71%) SQL Server
5 98 (7.29%) Hadoop
6 80 (5.95%) PostgreSQL
7 72 (5.36%) Relational Database
8 68 (5.06%) MongoDB
9 58 (4.32%) Data Warehouse
10 49 (3.65%) Apache Cassandra
11 48 (3.57%) Redis
12 40 (2.98%) Power BI
13 39 (2.90%) Apache Hive
14 36 (2.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 34 (2.53%) Blockchain
16 25 (1.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 24 (1.79%) Amazon Redshift
18 21 (1.56%) RDBMS
19 19 (1.41%) Amazon RDS
20 17 (1.26%) HBase
Development Applications
1 183 (13.62%) Jenkins
2 132 (9.82%) Git (software)
3 65 (4.84%) Maven
4 46 (3.42%) JIRA
5 40 (2.98%) TeamCity
6 37 (2.75%) Subversion
7 28 (2.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 27 (2.01%) Cucumber
9 26 (1.93%) Octopus Deploy
9 26 (1.93%) Selenium
10 19 (1.41%) Gradle
11 16 (1.19%) Ant
12 14 (1.04%) Sonatype Nexus
12 14 (1.04%) Travis CI
12 14 (1.04%) Visual Studio
13 13 (0.97%) Hudson
14 12 (0.89%) CircleCI
14 12 (0.89%) git-flow
14 12 (0.89%) Team Foundation Server
14 12 (0.89%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 401 (29.84%) Finance
2 138 (10.27%) Banking
3 95 (7.07%) Front Office
4 59 (4.39%) Advertising
5 42 (3.13%) Games
6 40 (2.98%) Investment Banking
6 40 (2.98%) Marketing
7 36 (2.68%) Retail
8 34 (2.53%) Law
9 14 (1.04%) Back Office
9 14 (1.04%) French Language
10 12 (0.89%) Telecoms
11 11 (0.82%) Financial Institution
12 8 (0.60%) Spanish Language
13 7 (0.52%) German Language
14 6 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
14 6 (0.45%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.30%) Electronics
16 3 (0.22%) Legal
16 3 (0.22%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 515 (38.32%) Developer
2 220 (16.37%) Python Developer
3 199 (14.81%) DevOps Engineer
4 136 (10.12%) Senior Developer
5 116 (8.63%) Python Engineer
6 91 (6.77%) Data Scientist
6 91 (6.77%) Software Engineer
7 79 (5.88%) Data Engineer
8 78 (5.80%) Java Developer
9 71 (5.28%) Analyst
10 56 (4.17%) Administrator
11 53 (3.94%) Linux Engineer
12 48 (3.57%) Full Stack Developer
13 43 (3.20%) Linux Administrator
13 43 (3.20%) Linux Systems Administrator
13 43 (3.20%) Senior Data Scientist
14 39 (2.90%) Lead Developer
14 39 (2.90%) Senior DevOps
14 39 (2.90%) Systems Administrator
15 37 (2.75%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 150 (11.16%) .NET
2 113 (8.41%) React
3 107 (7.96%) Node.js
4 98 (7.29%) Django
5 86 (6.40%) AngularJS
6 79 (5.88%) HTML
7 75 (5.58%) Web Services
8 73 (5.43%) CSS
9 69 (5.13%) Spring
10 64 (4.76%) Kafka
11 60 (4.46%) REST
12 59 (4.39%) Flask
13 55 (4.09%) TensorFlow
14 54 (4.02%) Pandas
15 52 (3.87%) RabbitMQ
16 48 (3.57%) Elastic Stack
17 43 (3.20%) Natural Language Processing
17 43 (3.20%) NumPy
18 31 (2.31%) RESTful
19 29 (2.16%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 139 (10.34%) Fintech
2 117 (8.71%) Algorithms
3 103 (7.66%) Greenfield Project
4 95 (7.07%) Analytical Skills
5 69 (5.13%) Hedge funds
6 55 (4.09%) Data Centre
6 55 (4.09%) Derivative
7 50 (3.72%) Data Structures
8 46 (3.42%) User Experience
9 34 (2.53%) Equities
9 34 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
10 30 (2.23%) Fixed Income
11 28 (2.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 25 (1.86%) Market Risk
13 23 (1.71%) Mobile App
14 22 (1.64%) Linux Command Line
15 20 (1.49%) Public Cloud
16 18 (1.34%) Robotics
17 17 (1.26%) Clustering
18 13 (0.97%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 429 (31.92%) Linux
2 161 (11.98%) Unix
3 103 (7.66%) Windows
4 45 (3.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 24 (1.79%) Windows Server
6 22 (1.64%) Solaris
7 16 (1.19%) CentOS
8 14 (1.04%) Ubuntu
9 10 (0.74%) CoreOS
10 9 (0.67%) Apple iOS
11 7 (0.52%) Amazon Linux
12 6 (0.45%) Android
12 6 (0.45%) Robot Operating System
13 5 (0.37%) Mac OS X
14 4 (0.30%) Windows Server 2008
15 3 (0.22%) Windows 10
15 3 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
16 2 (0.15%) Fedora
16 2 (0.15%) Windows 7
17 1 (0.074%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 428 (31.85%) DevOps
2 368 (27.38%) Agile Software Development
3 207 (15.40%) Machine Learning
4 204 (15.18%) Software Engineering
5 176 (13.10%) Data Science
6 164 (12.20%) Analytics
6 164 (12.20%) Computer Science
7 147 (10.94%) Microservices
8 143 (10.64%) Mathematics
9 122 (9.08%) Continuous Integration
10 121 (9.00%) Problem-Solving
11 120 (8.93%) Configuration Management
12 108 (8.04%) Artificial Intelligence
13 106 (7.89%) TDD
14 100 (7.44%) Open Source
15 87 (6.47%) Scrum
16 81 (6.03%) ETL
17 79 (5.88%) Business Intelligence
17 79 (5.88%) Visualisation
18 78 (5.80%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 448 (33.33%) Java
2 387 (28.79%) SQL
3 281 (20.91%) JavaScript
4 224 (16.67%) C#
5 216 (16.07%) Bash Shell
6 210 (15.63%) C++
7 207 (15.40%) Ruby
8 152 (11.31%) Scala
9 118 (8.78%) Perl
10 113 (8.41%) Go
10 113 (8.41%) R
11 108 (8.04%) PowerShell
12 77 (5.73%) PHP
13 47 (3.50%) Shell Script
14 37 (2.75%) T-SQL
15 36 (2.68%) C
16 30 (2.23%) Java 8
17 24 (1.79%) ES6
18 21 (1.56%) Elixir
18 21 (1.56%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 154 (11.46%) Degree
2 73 (5.43%) PhD
3 49 (3.65%) Computer Science Degree
4 24 (1.79%) Numerate Degree
5 18 (1.34%) RHCE
6 10 (0.74%) AWS Certification
6 10 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
6 10 (0.74%) MCSA
6 10 (0.74%) Microsoft Certification
7 7 (0.52%) RHCSA
7 7 (0.52%) Security Cleared
7 7 (0.52%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
8 6 (0.45%) CCNP
8 6 (0.45%) VERITAS Certified Professional (VCP)
9 5 (0.37%) MPhil
10 4 (0.30%) CCSP
10 4 (0.30%) CISSP
10 4 (0.30%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 4 (0.30%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.30%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (3.87%) QA
2 18 (1.34%) Data Quality
3 8 (0.60%) GDPR
4 5 (0.37%) MiFID
5 4 (0.30%) EMIR
5 4 (0.30%) SLA
6 3 (0.22%) Solvency II
7 2 (0.15%) Actionable Recommendations
7 2 (0.15%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.074%) FedRAMP
8 1 (0.074%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 307 (22.84%) Docker
2 45 (3.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (2.16%) Active Directory
4 19 (1.41%) Hyper-V
5 14 (1.04%) VMware ESXi
6 13 (0.97%) vSphere
7 11 (0.82%) HDFS
7 11 (0.82%) iptables
8 9 (0.67%) KVM
8 9 (0.67%) Varnish
9 7 (0.52%) LXC
10 6 (0.45%) Veritas Cluster Server
11 5 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 4 (0.30%) QEMU
12 4 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
12 4 (0.30%) Xen
13 3 (0.22%) Apache Flume
13 3 (0.22%) GlusterFS
13 3 (0.22%) zsh
14 2 (0.15%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 251 (18.68%) Ansible
2 203 (15.10%) Puppet
3 197 (14.66%) Kubernetes
4 151 (11.24%) Opscode Chef
5 103 (7.66%) Terraform
6 39 (2.90%) Salt
7 32 (2.38%) Prometheus
8 29 (2.16%) Nagios
9 22 (1.64%) Grafana
10 18 (1.34%) HAProxy
11 17 (1.26%) ZABBIX
12 15 (1.12%) Docker Swarm
12 15 (1.12%) Kibana
13 14 (1.04%) vRealize
14 13 (0.97%) Mesos
14 13 (0.97%) Oozie
14 13 (0.97%) vCenter Server
15 12 (0.89%) logstash
16 9 (0.67%) Packer
16 9 (0.67%) Rancher
Vendors
1 116 (8.63%) Oracle
2 109 (8.11%) Google
3 75 (5.58%) Microsoft
4 59 (4.39%) Tableau
4 59 (4.39%) VMware
5 50 (3.72%) Red Hat
6 37 (2.75%) Sybase
7 34 (2.53%) Splunk
8 15 (1.12%) NetApp
9 14 (1.04%) Cisco
9 14 (1.04%) F5
9 14 (1.04%) SAP
9 14 (1.04%) Solace
10 13 (0.97%) Cloudera
10 13 (0.97%) Hortonworks
10 13 (0.97%) IBM
11 12 (0.89%) Palo Alto
12 11 (0.82%) Sun
13 10 (0.74%) Citrix
13 10 (0.74%) Perforce