Period
to 17 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
Central London > City of London
6 months to
17 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 6 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 +8
Permanent jobs citing Python 1,176 683 1,737
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 19.96% 19.09% 17.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.01% 30.90% 28.77%
Number of salaries quoted 1,015 619 1,560
10th Percentile £46,550 £47,100 £47,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £61,250 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £77,500 £72,500 £72,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.90% - +3.57%
75th Percentile £95,000 £91,375 £88,750
90th Percentile £110,000 £110,250 £110,000
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £72,500 £72,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% - +3.57%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,563 2,210 6,037
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 60.47% 61.78% 60.12%
Number of salaries quoted 3,190 1,977 5,362
10th Percentile £47,000 £45,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% - +7.69%
75th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £83,750
90th Percentile £107,500 £105,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £75,000 £70,000 £67,500
% change year-on-year +7.14% +3.70% +3.85%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python in the City of London.

Salary trend for Python in the City of London

Python
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python in the City of London over the 6 months to 17 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the City of London

Python
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the City of London region over the 6 months to 17 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +1 1 £77,500 -11.43%
Python
Central London

For the 6 months to 17 October 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Python.

1 504 (42.86%) AWS
2 401 (34.10%) DevOps
3 369 (31.38%) Java
4 342 (29.08%) Finance
5 341 (29.00%) SQL
6 311 (26.45%) Docker
7 298 (25.34%) Kubernetes
8 261 (22.19%) Azure
8 261 (22.19%) Analytics
9 257 (21.85%) Agile Software Development
10 242 (20.58%) Terraform
11 234 (19.90%) Jenkins
12 212 (18.03%) Data Science
13 201 (17.09%) Social Skills
14 199 (16.92%) Software Engineering
14 199 (16.92%) C#
15 186 (15.82%) Degree
16 182 (15.48%) Infrastructure as Code
17 179 (15.22%) GCP
18 174 (14.80%) Linux
19 157 (13.35%) JavaScript
20 146 (12.41%) C++
21 143 (12.16%) QA
22 137 (11.65%) Bash Shell
23 133 (11.31%) R
24 129 (10.97%) Machine Learning
24 129 (10.97%) Microservices
25 128 (10.88%) Test Automation
26 125 (10.63%) Go
27 124 (10.54%) Serverless

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 71 (6.04%) Apache Spark
2 49 (4.17%) Confluence
3 25 (2.13%) Apache
3 25 (2.13%) SAS
4 21 (1.79%) Apache Airflow
5 20 (1.70%) Elasticsearch
6 18 (1.53%) SharePoint
7 11 (0.94%) nginx
8 6 (0.51%) Appian
8 6 (0.51%) IBM HTTP Server
9 5 (0.43%) IIS
9 5 (0.43%) OpenStack
10 3 (0.26%) Oracle Coherence
10 3 (0.26%) Tomcat
11 2 (0.17%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.17%) CMS
11 2 (0.17%) Jupyter
12 1 (0.085%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.085%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 1 (0.085%) Tornado
Applications
1 45 (3.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.60%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 6 (0.51%) SPSS
5 5 (0.43%) MS Visio
6 1 (0.085%) Mingle
6 1 (0.085%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (0.34%) FINCAD Analytics
2 3 (0.26%) Distributed Ledger
2 3 (0.26%) FastStats
2 3 (0.26%) Unica
3 2 (0.17%) IBM Planning Analytics
3 2 (0.17%) IntelliMatch
4 1 (0.085%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.085%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 1 (0.085%) Relativity
4 1 (0.085%) SAP BPC
4 1 (0.085%) SAP GRC
4 1 (0.085%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 504 (42.86%) AWS
2 261 (22.19%) Azure
3 179 (15.22%) GCP
4 124 (10.54%) Serverless
5 80 (6.80%) Power Platform
6 69 (5.87%) AWS CloudFormation
7 54 (4.59%) Amazon EC2
8 50 (4.25%) Amazon S3
9 46 (3.91%) AWS Lambda
10 40 (3.40%) SaaS
11 37 (3.15%) Amazon ECS
12 28 (2.38%) GitHub
12 28 (2.38%) IaaS
13 27 (2.30%) Snowflake
14 25 (2.13%) PaaS
15 21 (1.79%) Microsoft 365
16 18 (1.53%) Azure Data Factory
17 16 (1.36%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 13 (1.11%) Amazon EMR
19 10 (0.85%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 29 (2.47%) DNS
2 27 (2.30%) Firewall
3 26 (2.21%) Network Security
4 9 (0.77%) HTTP
5 7 (0.60%) TCP/IP
5 7 (0.60%) VPN
6 6 (0.51%) Cisco Firepower
6 6 (0.51%) Cisco Nexus
6 6 (0.51%) DHCP
6 6 (0.51%) Intranet
6 6 (0.51%) VLAN
7 5 (0.43%) AMQP
8 4 (0.34%) Cisco ASA
8 4 (0.34%) LAN
8 4 (0.34%) Multicast
8 4 (0.34%) VoIP
8 4 (0.34%) WAN
8 4 (0.34%) Wireshark
9 3 (0.26%) Ethernet
9 3 (0.26%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (8.93%) Data Warehouse
2 97 (8.25%) NoSQL
3 85 (7.23%) SQL Server
4 84 (7.14%) Relational Database
5 83 (7.06%) Big Data
6 80 (6.80%) Tableau
7 79 (6.72%) PostgreSQL
8 69 (5.87%) Power BI
9 68 (5.78%) MongoDB
10 60 (5.10%) Data Lake
11 52 (4.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 51 (4.34%) Amazon Redshift
13 49 (4.17%) Hadoop
14 30 (2.55%) MySQL
15 27 (2.30%) Amazon RDS
16 23 (1.96%) Looker
17 18 (1.53%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 18 (1.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 16 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
19 15 (1.28%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 234 (19.90%) Jenkins
2 109 (9.27%) Git (software)
3 101 (8.59%) JIRA
4 67 (5.70%) Atlassian Bamboo
5 46 (3.91%) Selenium
6 45 (3.83%) SonarQube
7 37 (3.15%) Cucumber
8 34 (2.89%) TeamCity
9 30 (2.55%) GitLab
10 29 (2.47%) Postman
11 26 (2.21%) Robot Framework
12 22 (1.87%) Bitbucket
13 19 (1.62%) CircleCI
14 17 (1.45%) Spinnaker
15 12 (1.02%) Octopus Deploy
15 12 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
16 9 (0.77%) git-flow
16 9 (0.77%) Gradle
16 9 (0.77%) Travis CI
17 8 (0.68%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 342 (29.08%) Finance
2 201 (17.09%) Social Skills
3 88 (7.48%) Analytical Skills
4 77 (6.55%) Front Office
5 65 (5.53%) Banking
6 59 (5.02%) Retail
7 58 (4.93%) Games
8 55 (4.68%) Presentation Skills
9 54 (4.59%) Marketing
10 44 (3.74%) Influencing Skills
11 43 (3.66%) Advertising
11 43 (3.66%) Publishing
12 28 (2.38%) Telecoms
13 23 (1.96%) Organisational Skills
14 22 (1.87%) Law
15 21 (1.79%) Investment Banking
16 18 (1.53%) Legal
17 16 (1.36%) Inclusion and Diversity
17 16 (1.36%) Public Sector
18 6 (0.51%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 264 (22.45%) Developer
2 190 (16.16%) DevOps Engineer
3 135 (11.48%) Data Engineer
4 131 (11.14%) Python Developer
5 108 (9.18%) Analyst
6 84 (7.14%) AWS Engineer
7 63 (5.36%) Security Engineer
8 60 (5.10%) Senior DevOps
9 59 (5.02%) Data Scientist
9 59 (5.02%) Senior DevOps Engineer
10 53 (4.51%) Technical Leader
11 52 (4.42%) Senior Developer
12 46 (3.91%) Software Engineer
13 45 (3.83%) Python Engineer
14 41 (3.49%) Data Analyst
15 40 (3.40%) Cloud Engineer
15 40 (3.40%) Python Developer - Fintech
16 39 (3.32%) AWS DevOps
17 38 (3.23%) AWS DevOps Engineer
18 36 (3.06%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 95 (8.08%) .NET
2 81 (6.89%) Node.js
3 69 (5.87%) Kafka
4 50 (4.25%) OAuth
5 45 (3.83%) OAuth2
5 45 (3.83%) OpenID
5 45 (3.83%) REST
6 41 (3.49%) React
7 34 (2.89%) NumPy
7 34 (2.89%) Web Services
8 33 (2.81%) Django
8 33 (2.81%) HTML
9 32 (2.72%) Flask
10 29 (2.47%) AngularJS
11 28 (2.38%) RESTful
11 28 (2.38%) SQLAlchemy
12 26 (2.21%) TensorFlow
13 25 (2.13%) Pandas
14 22 (1.87%) HTML5
15 19 (1.62%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 46 (3.91%) Algorithms
2 36 (3.06%) Derivative
3 25 (2.13%) Self-Motivation
4 23 (1.96%) Data Structures
5 22 (1.87%) Greenfield Project
6 19 (1.62%) Equities
6 19 (1.62%) Fixed Income
7 17 (1.45%) Hedge funds
7 17 (1.45%) Mobile Games
8 15 (1.28%) Cloud Native
9 14 (1.19%) Public Cloud
10 13 (1.11%) Data Centre
10 13 (1.11%) Social Media
11 12 (1.02%) Management Information System
11 12 (1.02%) Renewable Energy
11 12 (1.02%) User Experience
12 11 (0.94%) Credit Risk
12 11 (0.94%) Reference Data
13 10 (0.85%) Mobile App
14 9 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 174 (14.80%) Linux
2 75 (6.38%) Unix
3 68 (5.78%) Windows
4 19 (1.62%) Ubuntu
5 15 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 14 (1.19%) CentOS
7 12 (1.02%) Windows Server
8 7 (0.60%) CoreOS
9 6 (0.51%) VMS
10 5 (0.43%) Windows 10
11 4 (0.34%) Android
11 4 (0.34%) Apple iOS
12 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.17%) Mac OS X
13 2 (0.17%) Solaris
13 2 (0.17%) SUSE
14 1 (0.085%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 401 (34.10%) DevOps
2 261 (22.19%) Analytics
3 257 (21.85%) Agile Software Development
4 212 (18.03%) Data Science
5 199 (16.92%) Software Engineering
6 182 (15.48%) Infrastructure as Code
7 129 (10.97%) Machine Learning
7 129 (10.97%) Microservices
8 128 (10.88%) Test Automation
9 110 (9.35%) Fintech
10 101 (8.59%) Artificial Intelligence
11 100 (8.50%) Business Intelligence
12 97 (8.25%) Computer Science
13 94 (7.99%) Problem-Solving
14 91 (7.74%) Data Pipeline
15 90 (7.65%) ETL
16 89 (7.57%) Data Modelling
17 79 (6.72%) OO
17 79 (6.72%) SDLC
17 79 (6.72%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 369 (31.38%) Java
2 341 (29.00%) SQL
3 199 (16.92%) C#
4 157 (13.35%) JavaScript
5 146 (12.41%) C++
6 137 (11.65%) Bash Shell
7 133 (11.31%) R
8 125 (10.63%) Go
9 99 (8.42%) Scala
10 79 (6.72%) PowerShell
11 56 (4.76%) Perl
12 50 (4.25%) Ruby
13 36 (3.06%) C
14 35 (2.98%) PHP
15 34 (2.89%) MATLAB
16 29 (2.47%) Kotlin
16 29 (2.47%) VBA
17 24 (2.04%) TypeScript
18 22 (1.87%) Shell Script
18 22 (1.87%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 186 (15.82%) Degree
2 69 (5.87%) Master's Degree
3 43 (3.66%) Computer Science Degree
4 34 (2.89%) PhD
5 14 (1.19%) Security Cleared
6 12 (1.02%) AWS Certification
6 12 (1.02%) SC Cleared
7 10 (0.85%) Cisco Certification
8 7 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
9 6 (0.51%) CCNP
9 6 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.43%) CCNA
10 5 (0.43%) ISTQB
10 5 (0.43%) OSCP
11 4 (0.34%) CEH
11 4 (0.34%) CISSP
11 4 (0.34%) CompTIA Security+
11 4 (0.34%) CREST Certified
11 4 (0.34%) ISEB
12 3 (0.26%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 143 (12.16%) QA
2 54 (4.59%) GDPR
3 34 (2.89%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.51%) Accessibility
5 5 (0.43%) MiFID
5 5 (0.43%) Solvency II
5 5 (0.43%) WCAG
6 4 (0.34%) Dodd-Frank
6 4 (0.34%) EMIR
7 3 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 3 (0.26%) NIST
7 3 (0.26%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.26%) PMO
7 3 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.085%) Actionable Recommendations
8 1 (0.085%) Cyber Essentials
8 1 (0.085%) GRC
8 1 (0.085%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.085%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 311 (26.45%) Docker
2 19 (1.62%) Active Directory
3 13 (1.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.60%) Hyper-V
5 6 (0.51%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 5 (0.43%) HDFS
7 4 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
8 3 (0.26%) LXC
8 3 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
8 3 (0.26%) VMware NSX
8 3 (0.26%) vSphere
8 3 (0.26%) XenApp
9 2 (0.17%) Firmware
9 2 (0.17%) KVM
9 2 (0.17%) Xen
9 2 (0.17%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.085%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 298 (25.34%) Kubernetes
2 242 (20.58%) Terraform
3 107 (9.10%) Ansible
4 85 (7.23%) Puppet
5 31 (2.64%) Grafana
6 30 (2.55%) Prometheus
7 22 (1.87%) Opscode Chef
8 8 (0.68%) Nagios
9 7 (0.60%) HP Quality Center
10 5 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
10 5 (0.43%) Kibana
10 5 (0.43%) Kubeflow
10 5 (0.43%) Packer
11 4 (0.34%) HAProxy
11 4 (0.34%) Salt
12 3 (0.26%) Cisco CUCM
12 3 (0.26%) FortiGate
12 3 (0.26%) Mesos
12 3 (0.26%) SCCM
12 3 (0.26%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 86 (7.31%) Oracle
2 84 (7.14%) Microsoft
3 38 (3.23%) Google
4 31 (2.64%) Databricks
5 28 (2.38%) Salesforce.com
6 22 (1.87%) Alteryx
7 20 (1.70%) Informatica
8 19 (1.62%) Talend
9 17 (1.45%) VMware
10 15 (1.28%) Facebook
11 14 (1.19%) Cisco
12 12 (1.02%) Atlassian
12 12 (1.02%) Red Hat
13 10 (0.85%) IBM
13 10 (0.85%) Splunk
14 9 (0.77%) SAP
15 8 (0.68%) Palo Alto
16 7 (0.60%) Citrix
17 6 (0.51%) HP
17 6 (0.51%) SolarWinds