Period
to 19 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Infrastructure as Code over the 6 months to 19 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 39 65 147
Rank change year-on-year +26 +82 +72
Permanent jobs citing Infrastructure as Code 362 148 208
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 6.08% 4.09% 2.09%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.42% 4.34% 2.22%
Number of salaries quoted 348 140 192
10th Percentile £53,750 £51,250 £56,250
25th Percentile £63,750 £62,500 £65,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £85,000 £75,000 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +13.33% - +7.14%
75th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £93,125
90th Percentile £110,000 £100,000 £105,000
Central London median annual salary £85,000 £75,000 £75,000
% change year-on-year +13.33% - +7.14%

Infrastructure as Code is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,635 3,407 9,350
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 94.59% 94.25% 93.91%
Number of salaries quoted 5,024 2,996 8,237
10th Percentile £43,250 £45,000 £38,000
25th Percentile £55,000 £53,750 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +3.70% +3.85%
75th Percentile £91,250 £85,875 £82,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £100,625 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%

Infrastructure as Code
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Infrastructure as Code as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London.

Salary trend for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

Infrastructure as Code
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Infrastructure as Code in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 October 2021.

Salary histogram for Infrastructure as Code in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 October 2021, IT jobs citing Infrastructure as Code also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Infrastructure as Code.

1 303 (83.70%) DevOps
2 295 (81.49%) Terraform
3 261 (72.10%) AWS
4 254 (70.17%) Kubernetes
5 252 (69.61%) Docker
6 190 (52.49%) Python
7 166 (45.86%) Jenkins
8 113 (31.22%) Linux
9 108 (29.83%) Azure
10 106 (29.28%) Ansible
11 89 (24.59%) Java
12 87 (24.03%) Bash Shell
13 74 (20.44%) GCP
14 73 (20.17%) Puppet
15 70 (19.34%) Software Engineering
16 64 (17.68%) Serverless
17 61 (16.85%) Go
18 55 (15.19%) AWS CloudFormation
19 46 (12.71%) PowerShell
20 44 (12.15%) Fintech
21 43 (11.88%) Agile Software Development
22 38 (10.50%) Publishing
22 38 (10.50%) Microsoft
23 37 (10.22%) Amazon EC2
24 36 (9.94%) SQL
25 34 (9.39%) Analytics
26 32 (8.84%) Migration
27 31 (8.56%) Kafka
28 30 (8.29%) Scala
28 30 (8.29%) Windows

Infrastructure as Code
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (1.66%) Apache Spark
2 4 (1.10%) Apache Airflow
2 4 (1.10%) Elasticsearch
3 3 (0.83%) Confluence
4 2 (0.55%) Apache
4 2 (0.55%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.28%) IIS
5 1 (0.28%) MS Exchange
5 1 (0.28%) nginx
5 1 (0.28%) OpenStack
Applications
1 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Cloud Services
1 261 (72.10%) AWS
2 108 (29.83%) Azure
3 74 (20.44%) GCP
4 64 (17.68%) Serverless
5 55 (15.19%) AWS CloudFormation
6 37 (10.22%) Amazon EC2
7 29 (8.01%) Amazon ECS
8 28 (7.73%) AWS Lambda
9 25 (6.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 24 (6.63%) PaaS
10 24 (6.63%) Power Platform
10 24 (6.63%) SaaS
11 23 (6.35%) IaaS
12 20 (5.52%) Amazon S3
13 14 (3.87%) GitHub
14 11 (3.04%) Azure Active Directory
15 9 (2.49%) Azure Logic Apps
16 7 (1.93%) Cloud Computing
16 7 (1.93%) Microsoft 365
17 6 (1.66%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.04%) Network Security
2 4 (1.10%) Firewall
3 3 (0.83%) DNS
3 3 (0.83%) TCP/IP
3 3 (0.83%) WebEx
4 2 (0.55%) HTTP
4 2 (0.55%) VPN
5 1 (0.28%) Reverse Proxy
5 1 (0.28%) SAN
5 1 (0.28%) Software-Defined Networking
Database & Business Intelligence
1 21 (5.80%) Power BI
2 19 (5.25%) Big Data
3 18 (4.97%) Amazon Redshift
4 13 (3.59%) Amazon RDS
5 11 (3.04%) Data Warehouse
6 7 (1.93%) SQL Server
7 6 (1.66%) NoSQL
8 5 (1.38%) Tableau
9 4 (1.10%) Azure SQL Database
9 4 (1.10%) Blockchain
9 4 (1.10%) Data Lake
9 4 (1.10%) InfluxDB
9 4 (1.10%) Looker
9 4 (1.10%) MongoDB
9 4 (1.10%) PostgreSQL
9 4 (1.10%) Relational Database
10 3 (0.83%) BigQuery
11 2 (0.55%) Amazon Athena
11 2 (0.55%) Parquet
11 2 (0.55%) Sisense
Development Applications
1 166 (45.86%) Jenkins
2 28 (7.73%) Git (software)
2 28 (7.73%) TeamCity
3 26 (7.18%) CircleCI
4 21 (5.80%) Spinnaker
5 17 (4.70%) GitLab
6 11 (3.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 10 (2.76%) JIRA
8 7 (1.93%) Travis CI
9 4 (1.10%) Bitbucket
9 4 (1.10%) Maven
9 4 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
10 2 (0.55%) GoCD
10 2 (0.55%) Subversion
11 1 (0.28%) Artifactory
11 1 (0.28%) Checkstyle
11 1 (0.28%) Moq
11 1 (0.28%) Selenium
11 1 (0.28%) Team Foundation Server
11 1 (0.28%) WebDriver
General
1 38 (10.50%) Publishing
2 29 (8.01%) Retail
3 22 (6.08%) Social Skills
4 20 (5.52%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (4.97%) Finance
6 14 (3.87%) Banking
7 11 (3.04%) Telecoms
8 8 (2.21%) Pharmaceutical
9 6 (1.66%) Games
10 3 (0.83%) Law
10 3 (0.83%) Legal
11 2 (0.55%) Billing
11 2 (0.55%) International Banking
11 2 (0.55%) Public Sector
12 1 (0.28%) Documentation Skills
12 1 (0.28%) Influencing Skills
12 1 (0.28%) Local Government
12 1 (0.28%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 216 (59.67%) DevOps Engineer
2 60 (16.57%) AWS Engineer
3 54 (14.92%) AWS DevOps
3 54 (14.92%) AWS DevOps Engineer
4 49 (13.54%) Senior DevOps
5 48 (13.26%) Senior DevOps Engineer
6 37 (10.22%) Security Engineer
7 35 (9.67%) Lead DevOps
8 32 (8.84%) Lead DevOps Engineer
9 27 (7.46%) Cloud Engineer
10 26 (7.18%) Azure Engineer
10 26 (7.18%) Kubernetes Engineer
11 23 (6.35%) E-Commerce Engineer
11 23 (6.35%) Platform Engineer
12 22 (6.08%) Developer
13 21 (5.80%) Linux Engineer
14 19 (5.25%) Linux DevOps Engineer
14 19 (5.25%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 17 (4.70%) Software Engineer
16 16 (4.42%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (8.56%) Kafka
2 22 (6.08%) Web Services
3 19 (5.25%) .NET
4 14 (3.87%) JSON
5 9 (2.49%) Node.js
6 8 (2.21%) React
7 7 (1.93%) Elastic Stack
7 7 (1.93%) Spring
8 6 (1.66%) ARM Templates
8 6 (1.66%) Spring Boot
9 4 (1.10%) Hibernate
9 4 (1.10%) PySpark
9 4 (1.10%) YAML
10 3 (0.83%) .NET Core
10 3 (0.83%) RESTful
11 2 (0.55%) Middleware
11 2 (0.55%) RabbitMQ
11 2 (0.55%) XML
12 1 (0.28%) ASP.NET
12 1 (0.28%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 20 (5.52%) Cloud Native
2 15 (4.14%) Greenfield Project
3 12 (3.31%) Public Cloud
4 8 (2.21%) Mobile App
5 7 (1.93%) Hybrid Cloud
6 5 (1.38%) Data Centre
6 5 (1.38%) Equities
7 4 (1.10%) Hedge funds
7 4 (1.10%) Video on Demand
8 3 (0.83%) Video Conferencing
9 2 (0.55%) Blog
9 2 (0.55%) Derivative
9 2 (0.55%) OTC Derivatives
9 2 (0.55%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (0.55%) Social Media
10 1 (0.28%) CMDB
10 1 (0.28%) Linux Command Line
10 1 (0.28%) PKI
10 1 (0.28%) User Experience
10 1 (0.28%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 113 (31.22%) Linux
2 30 (8.29%) Windows
3 14 (3.87%) Windows Server
4 13 (3.59%) Android
4 13 (3.59%) Apple iOS
5 11 (3.04%) Unix
6 10 (2.76%) Data ONTAP
7 6 (1.66%) Ubuntu
8 5 (1.38%) CentOS
8 5 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.55%) Solaris
9 2 (0.55%) SUSE
9 2 (0.55%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.28%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 303 (83.70%) DevOps
2 70 (19.34%) Software Engineering
3 44 (12.15%) Fintech
4 43 (11.88%) Agile Software Development
5 34 (9.39%) Analytics
6 32 (8.84%) Migration
7 30 (8.29%) E-Commerce
8 29 (8.01%) OO
9 27 (7.46%) Informatics
9 27 (7.46%) Microservices
9 27 (7.46%) Site Reliability Engineering
10 25 (6.91%) Configuration Management
11 22 (6.08%) Full Stack Development
11 22 (6.08%) Problem-Solving
12 19 (5.25%) Change Management
13 18 (4.97%) Business Intelligence
14 17 (4.70%) Event-Driven
14 17 (4.70%) Workflow
15 16 (4.42%) Continuous Integration
15 16 (4.42%) Re-Platforming
Programming Languages
1 190 (52.49%) Python
2 89 (24.59%) Java
3 87 (24.03%) Bash Shell
4 61 (16.85%) Go
5 46 (12.71%) PowerShell
6 36 (9.94%) SQL
7 30 (8.29%) Scala
8 22 (6.08%) C#
9 20 (5.52%) JavaScript
10 7 (1.93%) C++
11 5 (1.38%) Kotlin
12 4 (1.10%) Ruby
13 3 (0.83%) Perl
13 3 (0.83%) TypeScript
14 2 (0.55%) Groovy
15 1 (0.28%) Java 11
15 1 (0.28%) Java 8
15 1 (0.28%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 8 (2.21%) AWS Certification
2 5 (1.38%) Degree
3 4 (1.10%) CCNA
3 4 (1.10%) Cisco Certification
4 2 (0.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.28%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.28%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (2.76%) SLA
2 5 (1.38%) QA
3 3 (0.83%) GDPR
4 2 (0.55%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 252 (69.61%) Docker
2 13 (3.59%) Active Directory
3 7 (1.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 1 (0.28%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.28%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 295 (81.49%) Terraform
2 254 (70.17%) Kubernetes
3 106 (29.28%) Ansible
4 73 (20.17%) Puppet
5 29 (8.01%) Grafana
6 23 (6.35%) Prometheus
7 19 (5.25%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (1.66%) Packer
9 5 (1.38%) Consul
10 4 (1.10%) Docker Swarm
11 3 (0.83%) Cisco CUCM
11 3 (0.83%) Kibana
12 2 (0.55%) Control-M
12 2 (0.55%) Mesos
12 2 (0.55%) Nagios
13 1 (0.28%) Istio
13 1 (0.28%) Opsgenie
13 1 (0.28%) Rancher
13 1 (0.28%) Salt
Vendors
1 38 (10.50%) Microsoft
2 24 (6.63%) Google
3 10 (2.76%) LogicMonitor
3 10 (2.76%) NetApp
3 10 (2.76%) ServiceNow
4 9 (2.49%) VMware
5 7 (1.93%) Red Hat
6 5 (1.38%) Cisco
6 5 (1.38%) Splunk
7 3 (0.83%) Atlassian
7 3 (0.83%) CommVault
7 3 (0.83%) Databricks
7 3 (0.83%) Oracle
7 3 (0.83%) Verint
8 2 (0.55%) BMC
8 2 (0.55%) EMC
8 2 (0.55%) Hitachi
8 2 (0.55%) LogRhythm
8 2 (0.55%) SaltStack
8 2 (0.55%) Sybase