Period
to 16 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for OWASP skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited OWASP over the 6 months to 16 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
16 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 173 200 311
Rank change year-on-year +27 +111 +12
Permanent jobs citing OWASP 65 51 19
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 1.25% 0.81% 0.19%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.32% 0.86% 0.20%
Number of salaries quoted 59 48 18
10th Percentile £54,750 £35,000 "
25th Percentile £63,750 £41,563 £60,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £47,500 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +52.63% -32.14% +7.69%
75th Percentile £100,000 £75,000 £76,875
90th Percentile £118,750 £91,625 £90,125
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £47,500 £70,000
% change year-on-year +47.37% -32.14% +7.69%

OWASP is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,927 5,923 9,380
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 95.08% 94.18% 93.31%
Number of salaries quoted 4,379 5,186 8,364
10th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £100,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +8.33%

OWASP
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing OWASP as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for OWASP in the City of London

OWASP
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing OWASP in the City of London.

Salary trend for OWASP in the City of London

OWASP
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing OWASP in the City of London over the 6 months to 16 June 2021.

Salary histogram for OWASP in the City of London

For the 6 months to 16 June 2021, IT jobs citing OWASP also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for OWASP.

1 39 (60.00%) AWS
2 34 (52.31%) Azure
3 33 (50.77%) DevOps
4 27 (41.54%) Threat Modelling
5 25 (38.46%) Docker
5 25 (38.46%) OAuth
6 24 (36.92%) Test Automation
6 24 (36.92%) Node.js
6 24 (36.92%) Kubernetes
6 24 (36.92%) Python
6 24 (36.92%) Agile Software Development
7 23 (35.38%) Finance
8 22 (33.85%) Degree
8 22 (33.85%) QA
9 21 (32.31%) Enterprise Architecture
9 21 (32.31%) Java
9 21 (32.31%) Microservices
9 21 (32.31%) Social Skills
10 20 (30.77%) Strategic Roadmap
10 20 (30.77%) GCP
11 18 (27.69%) Data Privacy
11 18 (27.69%) SonarQube
11 18 (27.69%) Relational Database
11 18 (27.69%) OAuth2
11 18 (27.69%) Jenkins
11 18 (27.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 18 (27.69%) MongoDB
11 18 (27.69%) NoSQL
11 18 (27.69%) OpenID
11 18 (27.69%) Event-Driven Architecture

OWASP
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (13.85%) Confluence
Applications
1 3 (4.62%) InVision
1 3 (4.62%) Sketch
Cloud Services
1 39 (60.00%) AWS
2 34 (52.31%) Azure
3 20 (30.77%) GCP
4 18 (27.69%) Serverless
5 7 (10.77%) SaaS
6 6 (9.23%) Azure Key Vault
6 6 (9.23%) IaaS
6 6 (9.23%) PaaS
7 3 (4.62%) Azure Active Directory
8 2 (3.08%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 14 (21.54%) Firewall
2 7 (10.77%) Intrusion Detection
3 6 (9.23%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 18 (27.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
1 18 (27.69%) MongoDB
1 18 (27.69%) NoSQL
1 18 (27.69%) PostgreSQL
1 18 (27.69%) Relational Database
1 18 (27.69%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 18 (27.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
1 18 (27.69%) Jenkins
1 18 (27.69%) SonarQube
2 9 (13.85%) Burp Suite
2 9 (13.85%) JIRA
3 7 (10.77%) Octopus Deploy
3 7 (10.77%) TeamCity
4 6 (9.23%) Git (software)
5 4 (6.15%) Cypress.io
6 3 (4.62%) PostCSS
6 3 (4.62%) Selenium
7 1 (1.54%) Jasmine
7 1 (1.54%) Karma Test Runner
7 1 (1.54%) Protractor
General
1 23 (35.38%) Finance
2 21 (32.31%) Social Skills
3 18 (27.69%) Influencing Skills
3 18 (27.69%) Presentation Skills
4 9 (13.85%) Games
4 9 (13.85%) Retail
5 3 (4.62%) Analytical Skills
6 2 (3.08%) Financial Institution
7 1 (1.54%) Banking
Job Titles
1 21 (32.31%) Security Engineer
2 18 (27.69%) Technical Leader
3 10 (15.38%) Security Specialist
4 9 (13.85%) AWS Specialist
4 9 (13.85%) Azure Engineer
5 8 (12.31%) IT Engineer
5 8 (12.31%) IT Security Engineer
6 7 (10.77%) DevOps Engineer
7 6 (9.23%) Azure DevOps Engineer
7 6 (9.23%) Cloud Engineer
7 6 (9.23%) Developer
8 5 (7.69%) Application Security Specialist
8 5 (7.69%) Applications Specialist
8 5 (7.69%) AWS Engineer
9 4 (6.15%) Cybersecurity Engineer
10 3 (4.62%) Agile Developer
10 3 (4.62%) Angular Developer
10 3 (4.62%) Applications Engineer
10 3 (4.62%) Full Stack Developer
10 3 (4.62%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (38.46%) OAuth
2 24 (36.92%) Node.js
3 18 (27.69%) OAuth2
3 18 (27.69%) OpenID
4 8 (12.31%) Web Services
5 7 (10.77%) AngularJS
5 7 (10.77%) CSS
5 7 (10.77%) CSS3
5 7 (10.77%) HTML
5 7 (10.77%) HTML5
5 7 (10.77%) SAML
6 6 (9.23%) Sass
7 4 (6.15%) React
8 3 (4.62%) GraphQL
8 3 (4.62%) Puppeteer
8 3 (4.62%) Spring
8 3 (4.62%) Spring Boot
8 3 (4.62%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 3 (4.62%) Web Components
9 2 (3.08%) Express
Miscellaneous
1 7 (10.77%) Digital Media
2 4 (6.15%) User Experience
3 3 (4.62%) Management Information System
3 3 (4.62%) Tandem
3 3 (4.62%) W3C
4 1 (1.54%) Client/Server
4 1 (1.54%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 7 (10.77%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (50.77%) DevOps
2 27 (41.54%) Threat Modelling
3 24 (36.92%) Agile Software Development
3 24 (36.92%) Test Automation
4 21 (32.31%) Enterprise Architecture
4 21 (32.31%) Microservices
5 20 (30.77%) Strategic Roadmap
6 18 (27.69%) Benchmarking
6 18 (27.69%) Code Coverage
6 18 (27.69%) Data Privacy
6 18 (27.69%) Data Protection
6 18 (27.69%) Event-Driven Architecture
6 18 (27.69%) Identity Management
6 18 (27.69%) Matrix Organization
6 18 (27.69%) Process Management
6 18 (27.69%) Software Engineering
6 18 (27.69%) Technical Architecture
6 18 (27.69%) Technical Leadership
6 18 (27.69%) UML
6 18 (27.69%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 24 (36.92%) Python
2 21 (32.31%) Java
3 18 (27.69%) C#
3 18 (27.69%) C++
4 13 (20.00%) PowerShell
5 7 (10.77%) Bash Shell
5 7 (10.77%) JavaScript
5 7 (10.77%) SQL
6 6 (9.23%) ES6
6 6 (9.23%) ES7
6 6 (9.23%) TypeScript
7 3 (4.62%) Kotlin
7 3 (4.62%) Scala
Qualifications
1 22 (33.85%) Degree
2 18 (27.69%) Master's Degree
3 4 (6.15%) SANS
4 1 (1.54%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (33.85%) QA
2 18 (27.69%) GDPR
3 16 (24.62%) Cyber Essentials
4 3 (4.62%) WCAG
5 2 (3.08%) Accessibility
System Software
1 25 (38.46%) Docker
2 6 (9.23%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 24 (36.92%) Kubernetes
2 7 (10.77%) Nessus
3 6 (9.23%) Terraform
Vendors
1 18 (27.69%) Oracle
2 8 (12.31%) Microsoft
3 7 (10.77%) CA
4 6 (9.23%) Palo Alto