Period
to 22 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 22 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 238 213 279
Rank change year-on-year -25 +66 +29
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 16 6 27
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 0.26% 0.14% 0.29%
As % of the System Software category 1.37% 0.71% 1.67%
Number of salaries quoted 16 5 22
10th Percentile £41,250 £44,600 £26,125
25th Percentile £60,000 £54,500 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £90,000 £61,500 £77,500
Median % change year-on-year +46.34% -20.65% +19.23%
75th Percentile £105,000 £65,000 £87,500
90th Percentile - £65,750 -
Central London median annual salary £87,500 £59,250 £65,000
% change year-on-year +47.68% -8.85% -

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 1,165 842 1,617
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.78% 19.55% 17.58%
Number of salaries quoted 1,079 742 1,449
10th Percentile £36,000 £42,500 £27,000
25th Percentile £53,625 £52,500 £41,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% +4.00%
75th Percentile £93,750 £85,000 £81,500
90th Percentile £110,000 £95,675 £96,250
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £67,500 £62,500
% change year-on-year +3.70% +8.00% +4.17%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 13 (81.25%) Microsoft
1 13 (81.25%) Azure
1 13 (81.25%) DevOps
2 12 (75.00%) PowerShell
2 12 (75.00%) Python
2 12 (75.00%) Windows
3 11 (68.75%) PaaS
3 11 (68.75%) Kubernetes
3 11 (68.75%) IaaS
4 10 (62.50%) Docker
5 9 (56.25%) Build Automation
5 9 (56.25%) Bash
5 9 (56.25%) Continuous Integration
5 9 (56.25%) Agile Software Development
5 9 (56.25%) Software Engineering
5 9 (56.25%) C#
5 9 (56.25%) Scrum
6 8 (50.00%) Manufacturing
6 8 (50.00%) Public Sector
6 8 (50.00%) CI/CD
7 7 (43.75%) Azure Monitor
7 7 (43.75%) Terraform
7 7 (43.75%) Java
7 7 (43.75%) SQL Server
7 7 (43.75%) Retail
8 6 (37.50%) Ruby
8 6 (37.50%) Open Source
8 6 (37.50%) Stakeholder Engagement
8 6 (37.50%) TeamCity
8 6 (37.50%) .NET

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (37.50%) SharePoint
2 2 (12.50%) Confluence
3 1 (6.25%) Apache Pulsar
3 1 (6.25%) Elasticsearch
Cloud Services
1 13 (81.25%) Azure
2 11 (68.75%) IaaS
2 11 (68.75%) PaaS
3 7 (43.75%) Azure Monitor
4 6 (37.50%) Serverless
5 5 (31.25%) Azure Active Directory
6 3 (18.75%) Azure Data Factory
6 3 (18.75%) Microsoft 365
7 1 (6.25%) Amazon EKS
7 1 (6.25%) Azure App Service
7 1 (6.25%) Azure Logic Apps
7 1 (6.25%) Azure Storage
7 1 (6.25%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (6.25%) GitHub
7 1 (6.25%) MinIO
7 1 (6.25%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 2 (12.50%) DNS
2 1 (6.25%) Firewall
2 1 (6.25%) SMTP
2 1 (6.25%) SNMP
2 1 (6.25%) SSH
2 1 (6.25%) TCP/IP
2 1 (6.25%) VLAN
2 1 (6.25%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (43.75%) SQL Server
2 4 (25.00%) Azure SQL Database
3 1 (6.25%) Aerospike
3 1 (6.25%) Apache Cassandra
3 1 (6.25%) ArangoDB
3 1 (6.25%) Big Data
3 1 (6.25%) CockroachDB
3 1 (6.25%) Couchbase
3 1 (6.25%) Hadoop
3 1 (6.25%) MySQL
3 1 (6.25%) PostgreSQL
3 1 (6.25%) Redis
3 1 (6.25%) Scylla
Development Applications
1 6 (37.50%) GitLab
1 6 (37.50%) Jenkins
1 6 (37.50%) Octopus Deploy
1 6 (37.50%) TeamCity
2 3 (18.75%) Cucumber
2 3 (18.75%) SpecFlow
3 2 (12.50%) Git (software)
3 2 (12.50%) JIRA
General
1 8 (50.00%) Manufacturing
1 8 (50.00%) Public Sector
2 7 (43.75%) Retail
3 3 (18.75%) Finance
4 2 (12.50%) Electronics
4 2 (12.50%) Marketing
4 2 (12.50%) Social Skills
4 2 (12.50%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 6 (37.50%) Architect
1 6 (37.50%) Azure Architect
1 6 (37.50%) Microsoft Solutions Architect
1 6 (37.50%) Solutions Architect
2 4 (25.00%) Azure Engineer
2 4 (25.00%) Cloud Engineer
2 4 (25.00%) DevOps Engineer
3 3 (18.75%) Azure DevOps Engineer
4 2 (12.50%) Analyst
4 2 (12.50%) Infrastructure Analyst
4 2 (12.50%) Support Engineer
5 1 (6.25%) Big Data Engineer
5 1 (6.25%) Data Engineer
5 1 (6.25%) Java Engineer
5 1 (6.25%) Senior Cloud Engineer
5 1 (6.25%) Senior Java Engineer
5 1 (6.25%) Site Engineer
5 1 (6.25%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6 (37.50%) .NET
2 3 (18.75%) ARM Templates
3 1 (6.25%) Elastic Stack
3 1 (6.25%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 6 (37.50%) Mobile App
2 1 (6.25%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 12 (75.00%) Windows
2 6 (37.50%) VMS
3 4 (25.00%) Linux
3 4 (25.00%) Windows Server
4 2 (12.50%) Windows Server 2008
4 2 (12.50%) Windows Server 2019
5 1 (6.25%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 13 (81.25%) DevOps
2 9 (56.25%) Agile Software Development
2 9 (56.25%) Build Automation
2 9 (56.25%) Continuous Integration
2 9 (56.25%) Scrum
2 9 (56.25%) Software Engineering
3 8 (50.00%) CI/CD
4 6 (37.50%) Coaching
4 6 (37.50%) Configuration Management
4 6 (37.50%) Creative Thinking
4 6 (37.50%) Deployment Automation
4 6 (37.50%) DevSecOps
4 6 (37.50%) Open Source
4 6 (37.50%) Requirements Gathering
4 6 (37.50%) Stakeholder Engagement
4 6 (37.50%) Workshop Facilitation
5 5 (31.25%) Infrastructure as Code
6 4 (25.00%) Release Management
7 3 (18.75%) Kanban
7 3 (18.75%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 12 (75.00%) PowerShell
1 12 (75.00%) Python
2 9 (56.25%) Bash
2 9 (56.25%) C#
3 7 (43.75%) Java
4 6 (37.50%) Go
4 6 (37.50%) JavaScript
4 6 (37.50%) Ruby
5 5 (31.25%) SQL
Qualifications
1 6 (37.50%) Microsoft Certification
System Software
1 10 (62.50%) Docker
2 5 (31.25%) Active Directory
3 2 (12.50%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 11 (68.75%) Kubernetes
2 7 (43.75%) Terraform
3 3 (18.75%) Grafana
3 3 (18.75%) Prometheus
4 1 (6.25%) Ansible
4 1 (6.25%) Docker Swarm
4 1 (6.25%) Graphite
4 1 (6.25%) HAProxy
4 1 (6.25%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (6.25%) Puppet
4 1 (6.25%) Salt
Vendors
1 13 (81.25%) Microsoft
2 2 (12.50%) Atlassian
2 2 (12.50%) Citrix
2 2 (12.50%) SAP
2 2 (12.50%) VMware
3 1 (6.25%) Oracle
3 1 (6.25%) Splunk