Period
to 19 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 19 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 241 193 282
Rank change year-on-year -48 +89 +14
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 14 7 51
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 0.24% 0.18% 0.51%
As % of the System Software category 1.33% 0.92% 2.61%
Number of salaries quoted 14 5 34
10th Percentile £62,000 £53,000 £42,500
25th Percentile £64,219 £65,000 £54,367
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £71,250 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +1.79% +7.69% -18.75%
75th Percentile £91,875 £87,500 £71,250
90th Percentile £104,625 £89,000 £77,500
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year -7.14% +7.69% -13.33%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 1,051 763 1,957
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.06% 19.53% 19.40%
Number of salaries quoted 979 681 1,798
10th Percentile £42,250 £37,500 £28,500
25th Percentile £56,250 £52,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% +8.33%
75th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £85,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £96,250 £96,625
Central London median annual salary £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% +8.33%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 September 2021, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 10 (71.43%) Windows
2 9 (64.29%) Azure
3 8 (57.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (57.14%) IaaS
3 8 (57.14%) Active Directory
3 8 (57.14%) VMware
3 8 (57.14%) Windows Server
4 7 (50.00%) Azure Storage
4 7 (50.00%) Microsoft Certification
4 7 (50.00%) Migration
4 7 (50.00%) VMware ESXi
5 6 (42.86%) Cybersecurity
5 6 (42.86%) Citrix
5 6 (42.86%) Microsoft
5 6 (42.86%) vCenter Server
5 6 (42.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 5 (35.71%) Virtual Infrastructure
6 5 (35.71%) PowerCLI
6 5 (35.71%) 3PAR
6 5 (35.71%) Azure Active Directory
6 5 (35.71%) Nimble Storage
6 5 (35.71%) Azure ExpressRoute
6 5 (35.71%) Project Delivery
6 5 (35.71%) CCNA
6 5 (35.71%) HP
6 5 (35.71%) SAN
6 5 (35.71%) MCSE
6 5 (35.71%) Cisco Certification
6 5 (35.71%) Law
6 5 (35.71%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (14.29%) Elasticsearch
2 1 (7.14%) Apache Pulsar
2 1 (7.14%) Cloud Foundry
2 1 (7.14%) Exchange Server 2013
2 1 (7.14%) GemFire
2 1 (7.14%) MS Exchange
2 1 (7.14%) SharePoint
Cloud Services
1 9 (64.29%) Azure
2 8 (57.14%) IaaS
3 7 (50.00%) Azure Storage
4 5 (35.71%) Azure Active Directory
4 5 (35.71%) Azure ExpressRoute
5 4 (28.57%) PaaS
6 3 (21.43%) GitHub
7 2 (14.29%) Azure App Service
7 2 (14.29%) Microsoft 365
8 1 (7.14%) AWS
8 1 (7.14%) Azure Logic Apps
8 1 (7.14%) MinIO
8 1 (7.14%) Power Automate
8 1 (7.14%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 5 (35.71%) NetScaler
1 5 (35.71%) SAN
2 2 (14.29%) DNS
2 2 (14.29%) Firewall
2 2 (14.29%) TCP/IP
3 1 (7.14%) Calico
3 1 (7.14%) LAN
3 1 (7.14%) MPLS
3 1 (7.14%) VLAN
3 1 (7.14%) VPN
3 1 (7.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (14.29%) PostgreSQL
1 2 (14.29%) SQL Server
2 1 (7.14%) Aerospike
2 1 (7.14%) Apache Cassandra
2 1 (7.14%) ArangoDB
2 1 (7.14%) Azure SQL Database
2 1 (7.14%) Big Data
2 1 (7.14%) CockroachDB
2 1 (7.14%) Couchbase
2 1 (7.14%) Hadoop
2 1 (7.14%) MySQL
2 1 (7.14%) Redis
2 1 (7.14%) Scylla
Development Applications
1 2 (14.29%) Jenkins
2 1 (7.14%) Cucumber
2 1 (7.14%) Git (software)
2 1 (7.14%) GitLab
2 1 (7.14%) Gradle
2 1 (7.14%) gulp
2 1 (7.14%) Octopus Deploy
2 1 (7.14%) Protractor
2 1 (7.14%) Selenium
2 1 (7.14%) Sonatype Nexus
2 1 (7.14%) TeamCity
General
1 5 (35.71%) Law
2 3 (21.43%) Finance
3 2 (14.29%) Retail
4 1 (7.14%) Legal
4 1 (7.14%) Manufacturing
4 1 (7.14%) Public Sector
4 1 (7.14%) Social Skills
Job Titles
1 8 (57.14%) Azure Engineer
2 5 (35.71%) Azure Infrastructure Engineer
2 5 (35.71%) HP Storage Engineer
2 5 (35.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 5 (35.71%) SAN Engineer
2 5 (35.71%) SAN Storage Engineer
2 5 (35.71%) Storage Engineer
2 5 (35.71%) Virtualisation Engineer
2 5 (35.71%) VMware Engineer
2 5 (35.71%) VMware Infrastructure Engineer
3 2 (14.29%) Cloud Engineer
3 2 (14.29%) Senior Cloud Engineer
3 2 (14.29%) Site Engineer
3 2 (14.29%) Site Reliability Engineer
4 1 (7.14%) AWS Engineer
4 1 (7.14%) Azure Architect
4 1 (7.14%) Big Data Engineer
4 1 (7.14%) Cybersecurity Manager
4 1 (7.14%) Data Engineer
4 1 (7.14%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2 (14.29%) Kafka
2 1 (7.14%) .NET
2 1 (7.14%) AngularJS
2 1 (7.14%) Elastic Stack
2 1 (7.14%) J2EE
2 1 (7.14%) Node.js
2 1 (7.14%) RabbitMQ
2 1 (7.14%) Spring
2 1 (7.14%) Spring Boot
2 1 (7.14%) Spring Integration
2 1 (7.14%) WireMock
Miscellaneous
1 1 (7.14%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
1 1 (7.14%) Greenfield Project
1 1 (7.14%) Management Information System
1 1 (7.14%) Mobile App
1 1 (7.14%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 10 (71.43%) Windows
2 8 (57.14%) Windows Server
3 2 (14.29%) Windows Server 2012
4 1 (7.14%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 7 (50.00%) Migration
2 6 (42.86%) Cybersecurity
2 6 (42.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
3 5 (35.71%) DevOps
3 5 (35.71%) Project Delivery
3 5 (35.71%) Virtual Infrastructure
4 3 (21.43%) Deployment Automation
5 2 (14.29%) API Integration
5 2 (14.29%) DevSecOps
5 2 (14.29%) Infrastructure as Code
5 2 (14.29%) Problem-Solving
5 2 (14.29%) Site Reliability Engineering
6 1 (7.14%) Collaborative Working
6 1 (7.14%) Creative Thinking
6 1 (7.14%) Fintech
6 1 (7.14%) Patch Management
6 1 (7.14%) Requirements Gathering
6 1 (7.14%) Security Operations
6 1 (7.14%) Server Management
6 1 (7.14%) Workshop Facilitation
Programming Languages
1 3 (21.43%) PowerShell
1 3 (21.43%) SQL
2 2 (14.29%) Bash Shell
2 2 (14.29%) Java
2 2 (14.29%) JavaScript
2 2 (14.29%) Python
3 1 (7.14%) C#
3 1 (7.14%) Go
3 1 (7.14%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 7 (50.00%) Microsoft Certification
2 5 (35.71%) CCNA
2 5 (35.71%) Cisco Certification
2 5 (35.71%) MCSE
2 5 (35.71%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
3 1 (7.14%) OCP
3 1 (7.14%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (14.29%) NIST
2 1 (7.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 8 (57.14%) Active Directory
1 8 (57.14%) VMware Infrastructure
2 7 (50.00%) VMware ESXi
3 2 (14.29%) Docker
4 1 (7.14%) Firmware
4 1 (7.14%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 6 (42.86%) vCenter Server
2 5 (35.71%) PowerCLI
3 3 (21.43%) Kubernetes
3 3 (21.43%) Terraform
4 2 (14.29%) Ansible
4 2 (14.29%) Grafana
4 2 (14.29%) Opscode Chef
5 1 (7.14%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (7.14%) Graphite
5 1 (7.14%) HAProxy
5 1 (7.14%) Kibana
5 1 (7.14%) Prometheus
5 1 (7.14%) Puppet
5 1 (7.14%) Salt
Vendors
1 8 (57.14%) VMware
2 6 (42.86%) Citrix
2 6 (42.86%) Microsoft
3 5 (35.71%) 3PAR
3 5 (35.71%) HP
3 5 (35.71%) Nimble Storage
4 2 (14.29%) Oracle
5 1 (7.14%) Cisco
5 1 (7.14%) Splunk