Period
to 13 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Virtual Machines skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Virtual Machines over the 6 months to 13 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Virtual Machine (VM)
Central London > City of London
6 months to
13 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 297 300 308
Rank change year-on-year +3 +8 +3
Permanent jobs citing Virtual Machines 29 38 30
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 0.30% 0.36% 0.29%
As % of the System Software category 1.61% 2.19% 2.01%
Number of salaries quoted 22 37 27
City of London median annual salary £60,000 £65,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.69% +30.00% -7.07%
10th Percentile £25,625 £27,600 £33,650
90th Percentile £87,500 £90,000 £77,500
Central London median annual salary £61,000 £65,000 £53,730
% change year-on-year -6.15% +20.98% -6.73%

Virtual Machines is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 1,804 1,737 1,492
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 18.37% 16.32% 14.36%
Number of salaries quoted 1,625 1,595 1,392
City of London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +4.76%
10th Percentile £27,500 £29,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £87,500
Central London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +10.00%

Virtual Machines
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Virtual Machines as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Salary Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London.

Salary trend for Virtual Machines in the City of London

Virtual Machines
Salary Histogram in the City of London

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Virtual Machines in the City of London over the 6 months to 13 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Virtual Machines in the City of London

For the 6 months to 13 December 2019, IT jobs citing Virtual Machines also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Virtual Machines.

1 14 (48.28%) Azure
2 12 (41.38%) AWS
3 11 (37.93%) SQL
3 11 (37.93%) Linux
4 10 (34.48%) Windows
4 10 (34.48%) Finance
4 10 (34.48%) Agile Software Development
5 9 (31.03%) Degree
6 8 (27.59%) VMware
6 8 (27.59%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (27.59%) Java
6 8 (27.59%) DevOps
6 8 (27.59%) Public Cloud
7 7 (24.14%) Python
7 7 (24.14%) Microsoft
7 7 (24.14%) Release Management
8 6 (20.69%) C++
8 6 (20.69%) OpenStack
8 6 (20.69%) Kubernetes
9 5 (17.24%) Data Centre
9 5 (17.24%) Analytical Skills
9 5 (17.24%) Ansible
9 5 (17.24%) Docker
9 5 (17.24%) Puppet
9 5 (17.24%) Opscode Chef
9 5 (17.24%) KVM
9 5 (17.24%) Power Platform
9 5 (17.24%) C#
9 5 (17.24%) Perl
9 5 (17.24%) SQL Server

Virtual Machines
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (20.69%) OpenStack
2 4 (13.79%) Apache
2 4 (13.79%) Tomcat
3 2 (6.90%) SharePoint
4 1 (3.45%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 1 (3.45%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (3.45%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (3.45%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 14 (48.28%) Azure
2 12 (41.38%) AWS
3 5 (17.24%) Power Platform
4 2 (6.90%) Apigee
4 2 (6.90%) Azure Active Directory
4 2 (6.90%) Azure Data Factory
4 2 (6.90%) Cloud Computing
4 2 (6.90%) Data Lake Analytics
4 2 (6.90%) Office 365
4 2 (6.90%) PaaS
5 1 (3.45%) Azure Functions
5 1 (3.45%) Microsoft Flow
5 1 (3.45%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 3 (10.34%) DNS
2 2 (6.90%) BGP
2 2 (6.90%) MPLS
2 2 (6.90%) SMTP
2 2 (6.90%) Software-Defined Networking
3 1 (3.45%) FTP
3 1 (3.45%) Intranet
3 1 (3.45%) Network Security
3 1 (3.45%) OpenFlow
3 1 (3.45%) SAN
3 1 (3.45%) SNMP
3 1 (3.45%) TCP/IP
3 1 (3.45%) VPN
3 1 (3.45%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (17.24%) SQL Server
2 4 (13.79%) Azure SQL Database
2 4 (13.79%) Power BI
3 3 (10.34%) Data Lake
3 3 (10.34%) SQL Server Analysis Services
3 3 (10.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 2 (6.90%) Microsoft Analysis Services
4 2 (6.90%) MySQL
4 2 (6.90%) SQL Server 2012
5 1 (3.45%) MariaDB
5 1 (3.45%) RDBMS
5 1 (3.45%) Redis
5 1 (3.45%) Relational Database
5 1 (3.45%) SQL Server 2014
5 1 (3.45%) SQL Server 2016
5 1 (3.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 5 (17.24%) Git (software)
2 4 (13.79%) git-flow
2 4 (13.79%) RSpec
3 3 (10.34%) Visual Studio
4 2 (6.90%) Cucumber
4 2 (6.90%) Mocha
4 2 (6.90%) NUnit
4 2 (6.90%) Selenium
4 2 (6.90%) Spock
5 1 (3.45%) JIRA
5 1 (3.45%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
5 1 (3.45%) Subversion
5 1 (3.45%) Vagrant
General
1 10 (34.48%) Finance
2 4 (13.79%) Local Government
3 3 (10.34%) Retail
4 2 (6.90%) Publishing
5 1 (3.45%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 7 (24.14%) DevOps Engineer
2 5 (17.24%) Cloud Engineer
2 5 (17.24%) Junior
3 4 (13.79%) Support Engineer
4 3 (10.34%) Developer
4 3 (10.34%) Junior DevOps
4 3 (10.34%) Junior DevOps Engineer
4 3 (10.34%) Network Engineer
5 2 (6.90%) Business Intelligence Developer
5 2 (6.90%) Cybersecurity Engineer
5 2 (6.90%) Junior Network Engineer
5 2 (6.90%) Senior Test Engineer
5 2 (6.90%) Test Engineer
5 2 (6.90%) VMware Engineer
5 2 (6.90%) Windows Engineer
6 1 (3.45%) 3rd Line Support Engineer
6 1 (3.45%) Desktop Team Leader
6 1 (3.45%) Support Manager
6 1 (3.45%) UI Developer
6 1 (3.45%) Virtualisation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4 (13.79%) Elastic Stack
2 3 (10.34%) Web Services
3 2 (6.90%) gRPC
3 2 (6.90%) HTML
3 2 (6.90%) REST
4 1 (3.45%) .NET
4 1 (3.45%) Ajax
4 1 (3.45%) AngularJS
4 1 (3.45%) CSS
4 1 (3.45%) cXML
4 1 (3.45%) HTML5
4 1 (3.45%) libvirt
4 1 (3.45%) MDX
4 1 (3.45%) React
4 1 (3.45%) XBRL
4 1 (3.45%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 8 (27.59%) Public Cloud
2 5 (17.24%) Analytical Skills
2 5 (17.24%) Data Centre
3 4 (13.79%) Self-Motivation
4 1 (3.45%) Algorithms
4 1 (3.45%) Data Structures
4 1 (3.45%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 11 (37.93%) Linux
2 10 (34.48%) Windows
3 4 (13.79%) Windows Server
4 2 (6.90%) Solaris
5 1 (3.45%) CentOS
5 1 (3.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1 (3.45%) Ubuntu
5 1 (3.45%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 10 (34.48%) Agile Software Development
2 8 (27.59%) DevOps
3 7 (24.14%) Release Management
4 4 (13.79%) Analytics
4 4 (13.79%) Infrastructure Automation
4 4 (13.79%) Insurtech
4 4 (13.79%) Performance Metrics
4 4 (13.79%) Project Management
4 4 (13.79%) Scrum
4 4 (13.79%) Virtual Environments
5 3 (10.34%) Business Intelligence
5 3 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
5 3 (10.34%) Data Management
5 3 (10.34%) ETL
5 3 (10.34%) Test Automation
6 2 (6.90%) Data Analysis
6 2 (6.90%) E-Commerce
6 2 (6.90%) Fund Management
6 2 (6.90%) TDD
6 2 (6.90%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 11 (37.93%) SQL
2 8 (27.59%) Java
3 7 (24.14%) Python
4 6 (20.69%) C++
5 5 (17.24%) C#
5 5 (17.24%) Perl
5 5 (17.24%) Ruby
6 4 (13.79%) T-SQL
7 3 (10.34%) PowerShell
8 2 (6.90%) JavaScript
8 2 (6.90%) R
9 1 (3.45%) Bash Shell
9 1 (3.45%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
9 1 (3.45%) Go
9 1 (3.45%) Groovy
9 1 (3.45%) Korn
9 1 (3.45%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 9 (31.03%) Degree
2 1 (3.45%) Computer Science Degree
2 1 (3.45%) MCSE
2 1 (3.45%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (6.90%) SLA
2 1 (3.45%) Data Quality
2 1 (3.45%) QA
System Software
1 8 (27.59%) VMware Infrastructure
2 5 (17.24%) Docker
2 5 (17.24%) KVM
2 5 (17.24%) vSphere
3 4 (13.79%) Active Directory
3 4 (13.79%) Xen
4 3 (10.34%) Hyper-V
5 1 (3.45%) Firmware
5 1 (3.45%) NFS
5 1 (3.45%) Virtual Servers
5 1 (3.45%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 6 (20.69%) Kubernetes
2 5 (17.24%) Ansible
2 5 (17.24%) Opscode Chef
2 5 (17.24%) Puppet
3 4 (13.79%) Consul
3 4 (13.79%) Icinga
3 4 (13.79%) Packer
3 4 (13.79%) Prometheus
3 4 (13.79%) Salt
4 1 (3.45%) Control-M
4 1 (3.45%) Grafana
4 1 (3.45%) Kibana
4 1 (3.45%) Matomo
4 1 (3.45%) SCCM
4 1 (3.45%) SCVMM
4 1 (3.45%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 8 (27.59%) VMware
2 7 (24.14%) Microsoft
3 2 (6.90%) Atlassian
4 1 (3.45%) BMC
4 1 (3.45%) Cisco
4 1 (3.45%) Citrix
4 1 (3.45%) Oracle
4 1 (3.45%) Sage
4 1 (3.45%) Snow
4 1 (3.45%) Sybase