Period
to 31 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Cybersecurity skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Cybersecurity over the 6 months to 31 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Cybersecurity
Central London > City of London
6 months to
31 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 86 71 106
Rank change year-on-year -15 +35 +16
Permanent jobs citing Cybersecurity 188 193 303
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the City of London 3.34% 3.67% 2.96%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.50% 3.89% 3.15%
Number of salaries quoted 166 163 253
10th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £45,000
25th Percentile £49,438 £48,750 £57,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £67,500 £75,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.70% -10.00% +15.38%
75th Percentile £83,750 £86,250 £92,500
90th Percentile £98,750 £93,750 £113,500
Central London median annual salary £63,750 £67,500 £72,500
% change year-on-year -5.56% -6.90% +11.54%

Cybersecurity is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,373 4,960 9,618
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the City of London 95.42% 94.39% 94.02%
Number of salaries quoted 4,801 4,357 8,574
10th Percentile £43,000 £42,500 £37,500
25th Percentile £54,750 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,750
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +6.46% +1.94%
75th Percentile £91,250 £85,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £106,250 £100,000 £97,500
Central London median annual salary £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
% change year-on-year - +7.69% +4.00%

Cybersecurity
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Cybersecurity as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Cybersecurity in the City of London

Cybersecurity
Salary Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Cybersecurity in the City of London.

Salary trend for Cybersecurity in the City of London

Cybersecurity
Salary Histogram in the City of London

Salary distribution for jobs citing Cybersecurity in the City of London over the 6 months to 31 July 2021.

Salary histogram for Cybersecurity in the City of London

Cybersecurity
Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Cybersecurity within the City of London region over the 6 months to 31 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 1 £55,000 -
Cybersecurity
Central London

For the 6 months to 31 July 2021, IT jobs citing Cybersecurity also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Cybersecurity.

1 75 (39.89%) Information Security
2 60 (31.91%) Finance
3 50 (26.60%) CISSP
4 46 (24.47%) Azure
5 45 (23.94%) Firewall
6 44 (23.40%) AWS
7 42 (22.34%) Social Skills
8 39 (20.74%) CISM
9 34 (18.09%) Penetration Testing
10 33 (17.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 32 (17.02%) Agile Software Development
12 29 (15.43%) DevOps
12 29 (15.43%) NIST
13 26 (13.83%) Project Management
13 26 (13.83%) Vulnerability Management
14 25 (13.30%) Management Information System
15 24 (12.77%) Palo Alto
15 24 (12.77%) GDPR
15 24 (12.77%) Cyber Essentials
16 23 (12.23%) SIEM
16 23 (12.23%) Security Architecture
16 23 (12.23%) Cisco Certification
17 22 (11.70%) Law
18 20 (10.64%) Active Directory
18 20 (10.64%) Network Security
18 20 (10.64%) Presales
18 20 (10.64%) Security Operations
19 19 (10.11%) Python
20 18 (9.57%) Data Protection
20 18 (9.57%) Privileged Access Management

Cybersecurity
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1 (0.53%) Apache Spark
1 1 (0.53%) Appian
1 1 (0.53%) Camunda
1 1 (0.53%) Confluence
1 1 (0.53%) nginx
Applications
1 1 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.53%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 46 (24.47%) Azure
2 44 (23.40%) AWS
3 18 (9.57%) SaaS
4 17 (9.04%) IaaS
5 12 (6.38%) Azure Active Directory
5 12 (6.38%) Microsoft 365
5 12 (6.38%) PaaS
6 11 (5.85%) Mimecast
7 9 (4.79%) GCP
8 8 (4.26%) Azure Key Vault
9 5 (2.66%) Amazon EC2
9 5 (2.66%) Azure ExpressRoute
9 5 (2.66%) Azure Storage
9 5 (2.66%) Serverless
10 4 (2.13%) Amazon ELB
10 4 (2.13%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (2.13%) AWS Lambda
10 4 (2.13%) GitHub
10 4 (2.13%) OpenShift
10 4 (2.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 45 (23.94%) Firewall
2 20 (10.64%) Network Security
3 11 (5.85%) Intrusion Detection
3 11 (5.85%) TCP/IP
4 8 (4.26%) DNS
5 6 (3.19%) SAN
6 5 (2.66%) HTTP
6 5 (2.66%) NetScaler
6 5 (2.66%) WAN
7 4 (2.13%) Cisco Nexus
7 4 (2.13%) HTTPS
7 4 (2.13%) Internet
8 3 (1.60%) DHCP
8 3 (1.60%) LAN
8 3 (1.60%) SD-WAN
8 3 (1.60%) Unified Communications
9 2 (1.06%) Intranet
9 2 (1.06%) VLAN
9 2 (1.06%) VPN
10 1 (0.53%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (1.06%) NoSQL
2 1 (0.53%) Big Data
2 1 (0.53%) Flink
2 1 (0.53%) Parquet
2 1 (0.53%) PostgreSQL
2 1 (0.53%) Redis
2 1 (0.53%) Relational Database
2 1 (0.53%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 10 (5.32%) Git (software)
2 6 (3.19%) Jenkins
3 5 (2.66%) JIRA
3 5 (2.66%) Sonatype Nexus
4 4 (2.13%) Terragrunt
5 1 (0.53%) Artifactory
5 1 (0.53%) Burp Suite
5 1 (0.53%) IBM UrbanCode
5 1 (0.53%) Maven
5 1 (0.53%) Mocha
5 1 (0.53%) Octopus Deploy
5 1 (0.53%) TeamCity
General
1 60 (31.91%) Finance
2 42 (22.34%) Social Skills
3 22 (11.70%) Law
4 14 (7.45%) Banking
5 11 (5.85%) Analytical Skills
6 5 (2.66%) Public Sector
7 3 (1.60%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 3 (1.60%) Legal
7 3 (1.60%) Presentation Skills
7 3 (1.60%) Telecoms
8 2 (1.06%) Financial Institution
8 2 (1.06%) German Language
8 2 (1.06%) Organisational Skills
8 2 (1.06%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.53%) Aerospace
9 1 (0.53%) Documentation Skills
9 1 (0.53%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.53%) Manufacturing
9 1 (0.53%) Publishing
9 1 (0.53%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 28 (14.89%) Analyst
2 27 (14.36%) Security Manager
3 22 (11.70%) Security Engineer
4 21 (11.17%) Security Analyst
5 18 (9.57%) Consultant
6 17 (9.04%) Information Manager
6 17 (9.04%) Information Security Manager
7 13 (6.91%) Security Consultant
8 12 (6.38%) Cybersecurity Engineer
9 10 (5.32%) Cybersecurity Consultant
10 9 (4.79%) Architect
10 9 (4.79%) Cloud Engineer
10 9 (4.79%) Cybersecurity Manager
11 8 (4.26%) Azure Engineer
11 8 (4.26%) Security Architect
12 7 (3.72%) Information Analyst
12 7 (3.72%) Information Officer
12 7 (3.72%) Information Security Analyst
12 7 (3.72%) Information Security Officer
12 7 (3.72%) Security Officer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6 (3.19%) .NET
2 4 (2.13%) WPF
3 2 (1.06%) Django
3 2 (1.06%) HTML
3 2 (1.06%) React
3 2 (1.06%) REST
3 2 (1.06%) Spring
3 2 (1.06%) Spring Boot
3 2 (1.06%) Web Services
4 1 (0.53%) AngularJS
4 1 (0.53%) Apache Avro
4 1 (0.53%) GraphQL
4 1 (0.53%) Jest
4 1 (0.53%) Kafka
4 1 (0.53%) Node.js
4 1 (0.53%) Protocol Buffers
4 1 (0.53%) RxJS
4 1 (0.53%) SailPoint
4 1 (0.53%) WebSockets
4 1 (0.53%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 25 (13.30%) Management Information System
2 10 (5.32%) Public Cloud
3 7 (3.72%) Cyberthreat
4 6 (3.19%) Security Operations Centre
4 6 (3.19%) Self-Motivation
5 5 (2.66%) Tandem
6 4 (2.13%) Cyberattack
6 4 (2.13%) Legacy Code
7 3 (1.60%) Cybercrime
7 3 (1.60%) Data Protection Act
8 2 (1.06%) Analytical Mindset
8 2 (1.06%) Cyber Defence
8 2 (1.06%) Cyber Kill Chain
8 2 (1.06%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 2 (1.06%) Mobile App
9 1 (0.53%) Bitcoin
9 1 (0.53%) Data Centre
9 1 (0.53%) Greenfield Project
9 1 (0.53%) Hedge funds
9 1 (0.53%) Mobile Computing
Operating Systems
1 17 (9.04%) Windows
2 11 (5.85%) Linux
3 6 (3.19%) Windows Server
4 2 (1.06%) Android
4 2 (1.06%) Apple iOS
4 2 (1.06%) Unix
4 2 (1.06%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 75 (39.89%) Information Security
2 34 (18.09%) Penetration Testing
3 32 (17.02%) Agile Software Development
4 29 (15.43%) DevOps
5 26 (13.83%) Project Management
5 26 (13.83%) Vulnerability Management
6 23 (12.23%) Security Architecture
6 23 (12.23%) SIEM
7 20 (10.64%) Presales
7 20 (10.64%) Security Operations
8 18 (9.57%) Data Protection
8 18 (9.57%) Privileged Access Management
9 17 (9.04%) Problem-Solving
10 15 (7.98%) Continuous Improvement
10 15 (7.98%) Identity Access Management
10 15 (7.98%) Software Engineering
10 15 (7.98%) Threat Intelligence
11 14 (7.45%) Antivirus Management
11 14 (7.45%) Kalman Filter
11 14 (7.45%) OWASP
Programming Languages
1 19 (10.11%) Python
2 10 (5.32%) PowerShell
3 7 (3.72%) C#
4 5 (2.66%) Java
4 5 (2.66%) SQL
5 4 (2.13%) JavaScript
6 2 (1.06%) Bash Shell
6 2 (1.06%) C++
6 2 (1.06%) Go
7 1 (0.53%) Haskell
7 1 (0.53%) Java 8
7 1 (0.53%) Perl
7 1 (0.53%) Ruby
7 1 (0.53%) Scala
7 1 (0.53%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 50 (26.60%) CISSP
2 39 (20.74%) CISM
3 23 (12.23%) Cisco Certification
4 17 (9.04%) Degree
5 16 (8.51%) CISA
6 10 (5.32%) CCNA
7 9 (4.79%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 8 (4.26%) Security Cleared
9 7 (3.72%) MCSE
9 7 (3.72%) Microsoft Certification
10 6 (3.19%) AWS Certification
10 6 (3.19%) CEH
11 5 (2.66%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
12 4 (2.13%) SC Cleared
13 3 (1.60%) CCSP
13 3 (1.60%) CREST Certified
13 3 (1.60%) CRISC
13 3 (1.60%) GIAC
14 2 (1.06%) CompTIA Security+
14 2 (1.06%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (17.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 29 (15.43%) NIST
3 24 (12.77%) Cyber Essentials
3 24 (12.77%) GDPR
4 9 (4.79%) PCI DSS
5 7 (3.72%) GRC
6 3 (1.60%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
6 3 (1.60%) NCSC
7 2 (1.06%) COBIT
7 2 (1.06%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 2 (1.06%) ISO 31000
7 2 (1.06%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 2 (1.06%) QA
8 1 (0.53%) GPG13
8 1 (0.53%) IASME
8 1 (0.53%) JSP 440
8 1 (0.53%) MiFID
8 1 (0.53%) NIST 800
System Software
1 20 (10.64%) Active Directory
2 18 (9.57%) Docker
3 9 (4.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (3.19%) Virtual Machines
5 5 (2.66%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.53%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 15 (7.98%) Terraform
2 14 (7.45%) Kubernetes
3 5 (2.66%) PowerCLI
3 5 (2.66%) vCenter Server
4 4 (2.13%) Ansible
5 1 (0.53%) Nessus
5 1 (0.53%) Nmap
5 1 (0.53%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 24 (12.77%) Palo Alto
2 17 (9.04%) Microsoft
3 13 (6.91%) CyberArk
4 11 (5.85%) AlienVault
4 11 (5.85%) Forcepoint
4 11 (5.85%) Gemalto
4 11 (5.85%) OneLogin
4 11 (5.85%) Thales
4 11 (5.85%) Thycotic
4 11 (5.85%) Trend Micro
4 11 (5.85%) VMware
5 9 (4.79%) Cisco
6 5 (2.66%) 3PAR
6 5 (2.66%) Citrix
6 5 (2.66%) HP
6 5 (2.66%) Nimble Storage
6 5 (2.66%) Rapid7
6 5 (2.66%) Splunk
7 4 (2.13%) Google
8 3 (1.60%) Intel